LESSON 2 E-Learning Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 1840 The United Kingdom Isaak Pitman He was the grandfather of the 1. distance course. He educated students to do shorthand by postmail.
Point 1. From the History of Distance Education The 50s of the 19. century Germany Gustav Langenscheid.
He published his “EDUCATING LETTERS”.It was the self-learning course of the native language.
Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 1836 The United Kingdom London University The students could get the higher education by postmail.
Point 1. From the History of Distance Education The 70s of the 19 century America Ann Eliot Ticnor She made up a mail education system for women called “Ticnor Community”. Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 1911 Australia Postmail courses at the Quinsland University.
Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 1917 Russia It was worked out the consulting model of distance education called “EDUCATION WITHOUT VISUAL CONTACT”. Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 1969 The United Kingdom It was founded the UKOU (United Kingdom Open University).
Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 3 generations of DE: First generation Second generation Third generation Point 1. From the History of Distance Education The first generation: The study material is written by hand or printed by typewriting machine. Radio- and TV-courses.
Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 2. The second generation: There were worked out many complex courses in the UKOU. There were used printed material and audio-and video-kassettes. The communication between students and tutors was face-to-face. Point 1. From the History of Distance Education 3. The third generation: Our days. It is used the last net-technologies. The communication between students and tutors may be in different formats.
Point 2. The legal regulation of e-learning in russia The history of legal regulation of e-learning in Russia started in 1993. Point 2. The legal regulation of e-learning in russia In 1995 were adopted : The Concept of building and developing the DE System in Russia. The Federal program of DE developing in Russia. The Federal Centre of DE System in Russia. Developing program of federal legislation oriented to DE developing. Point 2. The legal regulation of e-learning in russia 1997 – 2002 took place an experiment of using the Distance Education Technologies in Russia.
The results of the experiment showed the necessity and importance of DE. Point 2. The legal regulation of e-learning in russia The results of experiment defined the main directions of developing the DE and its methods in Russia. Point 2. The legal regulation of e-learning in russia This is stated in:The Order from 17.06.1996 № 1062“About building the information and software centre for DE System”The Instruction letter from 3.07.1998 № 41“About DE in colleges and universities”The Instruction from 26.08.2003 №985-2 “About calculating the content volume for DE students”The Order from06.05.2005 № 137 “About using order the DE technologies”