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    1

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    1

    «

    81.2

    »

    -9

    69
    ,

    ,
    ,

    ,

    ,
    ,

    ,
    :

    .

    .
    .1

    69

    .

    .

    .


    .- 5-

    .,

    I

    V

    .
    .» /

    .
    .-

    )

    ,

    .:

    .

    ,
    , 1998. - 536 .:

    .

    .;
    .

    ISBN 5-691-00030-6
    .

    -

    .
    (

    - 1997 .)

    ,
    .
    81.2

    ©
    ©«

    -9

    , 1996
    », 1997, 1998

    ISBN 5-691-00030-6

    . .

    .

    1903 .
    ,

    -

    ,
    50
    ,

    .
    (111
    -

    700

    )

    .,

    450
    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    100

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    .
    140

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    2

    «
    »,

    : «

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    », «

    .
    (

    . . .

    ) 1958 .

    1983 .

    ,

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    ,

    ,
    .

    (

    -

    )
    .

    1
    ,

    .
    .
    ,

    ,
    ,

    1
    : 1.

    (

    1-11); 2.
    .

    ; 4.

    .
    (

    12-20); 3.

    ,
    .
    ,

    .
    ,

    ,

    -

    .
    .
    ,
    ,

    .

    :

    ,
    ,

    .

    (Topical Vocabulary)

    ,
    ,

    ,
    L.Jones. Functions of English. L.,

    1982.
    ,
    .
    1

    .
    ,

    ,
    1

    .
    .
    ),

    -

    .

    ,

    ,
    .

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    8

    (Section)

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    3

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    .

    6-7

    ,

    .
    :

    I. 1.
    II. 1.
    III. 1.
    IV. 1.

    .

    . 2.

    . 2.

    . 3.

    . 2.

    (
    (

    2.

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    ).

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    (

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    »).

    .

    ).

    V. 1.

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    ). 2.

    .

    .
    VI. 1.

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    . 2.

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    .

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    :
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    6.
    7.
    8.

    (

    ).
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    ).
    .

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    .
    .

    9.
    10.

    .
    .
    (
    36-38

    (

    ):

    I.

    .
    ,

    -

    .

    II.

    (
    ).

    III.
    ,

    ,
    .

    IV.

    .
    .

    ,

    .

    V.
    .
    VI.
    VII.

    (

    )

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    VIII.
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    .
    IX.

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    *.
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    «
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    1973.
    1

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    .:

    ., 1974.

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    44

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    . 26
    .

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    (
    9).

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    I-

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    ,

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    [ ], [ ], [ ],

    :

    ,
    ,

    :

    [m], [n], [j].

    :
    I.
    II.
    III. no
    I.

    ,
    ,
    .
    :
    ,

    ,

    .
    , .

    .

    .
    ,
    :

    [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ],

    ,
    ,
    [k], [g], [p], [b].

    ,
    6

    ,

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    [ ], [ ], [m],

    .
    .

    ,
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    [f], [v], [h].

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    ],

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    ,
    [ ], [j], [w], [r],

    ,

    ,
    ,

    [ ],

    :

    [1]

    ,

    .
    [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ]
    [ ]

    .
    .

    II.
    :
    1.

    ,
    .

    [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [b], [m], [w].

    2.

    ,
    ,

    [ ], [ ], [f], [v].
    ,
    .

    3.
    ,
    ],

    ,
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    [l], [n], [z], [ ], ,

    ,

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    [ ], [ ].

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    : [ ], [ ].

    ,
    ,

    [ ],
    ,
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    : [ ], [ ], [t] [d], [n].

    4.

    ,
    .

    : [ ], [j].
    ,
    : [ ]. [ ], [ ], [k], [g], [ ].

    5.
    ,

    .

    III.
    .
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    .

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    [ ], [ ], [r], [b], [ ]

    ,

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    : [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [f], [ ].
    .

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    :
    I.
    II.
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    1.

    ,
    [ ], [ ]

    ,
    2.

    :
    ,

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    [i:], [e].

    ,
    : [ ], [ ].
    [ :]

    [ ],

    ,
    7

    .
    3.

    ,
    ,

    ,

    ,

    [ ], [ ], [u:], [ ].
    [I].
    ,

    [ ].

    [I]

    .
    [ ]

    .
    ,

    [ ],

    .

    ,

    [ ]-

    ,

    [ ]

    .
    :
    1.

    ,
    : [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [u:], [ ], [ ].

    2.
    :

    ,
    [ ].
    ,

    [ ],

    3.
    : [ ], [ ], [ ].

    .
    II.
    .
    ,
    ,

    [ ]

    [ ],

    ,

    [ ], [u:], [ ], [ ]
    .

    [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [ ], [ :].
    .

    .
    ,
    ,
    ,

    .
    .

    ,

    : [bi: - bi d- bIt].
    :

    1.

    ,
    .

    :

    2.
    [aI], [

    [ ],

    [ ].

    ,
    ].

    3.

    ,

    ,

    .
    ,

    ,

    ,

    ;

    ,

    [i:], [u:].

    Lesson One

    1. [k], [ ] -

    .
    [k], [ ],

    [ ], [ ],

    ,

    .

    .

    [k]
    [kh].
    [ ]

    ,
    [ ]

    [k].

    []

    .
    8

    2.

    [t],

    [d]

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    [t]

    h

    [ ]
    [d]
    [ ]

    [t ].
    [t].

    [d]

    .

    [ ], [ ]

    ,

    (

    ).

    3. [n] .

    4.

    ,

    [t], [d],

    .
    [ ][z] -

    [s],

    ,

    .
    .
    .

    [s]

    [z]

    [ ].

    [s].

    [z]

    []
    [s], [z]

    .

    [ ], [ ]

    .
    5. [ ] (

    ),

    .

    [I]

    ,

    ,

    ,

    [ ],

    ,

    .
    [ ],
    .

    ,
    [ ]

    ,

    .
    6.

    (palatalization),
    .

    ,
    .

    :

    -

    ,

    -

    ,

    -

    ,

    -

    .
    ,

    .
    ,
    .

    7.

    .

    (

    ,

    )

    .
    ,
    .
    8.

    .

    9.

    (word-stress).
    .
    [']

    .

    ['k t ].
    1

    .
    1.
    2.
    3.

    ,

    :
    [I].
    [t], [d], [n], [s], [z].

    [t], [k]

    .
    9

    4.

    ,
    .

    5.
    6.

    10.

    .
    [I]

    [ ],

    [ð]

    .

    .

    ,
    .

    .
    .
    [ð]

    [ ]

    .

    .

    [ ], [ ]
    .

    ,
    ],

    [ ],

    .

    .

    [ ], [ ]

    .
    2

    .

    ,

    :

    1.
    2.

    [I].
    [ðIs].

    11. [ ], [b] -

    .
    ,

    ,

    .

    [ ]
    ,

    [ ]

    .
    .

    12. [m] ,
    .
    [m].
    13. [ ] -

    [ ]
    [b]

    .

    c

    .
    ,

    [m]

    ,

    ,

    [ ]

    .

    .
    ,
    ,

    [ ]

    [ ]

    .

    .

    ,
    [ ]
    [ ]

    ,

    .
    3

    .

    ,

    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.

    :

    .
    .
    [ ], [t], [k].
    ,
    .

    1.

    .
    10

    1 : Teacher: What's the girl's name? (Who is standing in the corridor?)
    Student: \Kitty (Minnie, Betty, Nelly)...
    2 : Teacher: I've lost my umbrella.
    Student: \Pity!

    1.
    2.
    3.

    .
    ,

    .

    ,

    :

    *
    *

    ,

    ,

    .

    I.
    II.

    .
    .

    Lesson Two

    1. [1] ,

    .
    .

    ,
    [ ]
    (

    .
    )

    [ ]

    .
    .

    (

    )

    [l]

    [j].

    .

    ,

    [1]

    ,

    [ ]
    (lateral plosion).
    ,
    .
    [l].

    2.

    [ ].
    [l]
    ,
    .
    4

    .

    ,

    1.
    2.

    [t]

    3. [f], [v] -

    -

    :
    [l], [t].

    [l].

    .
    [ ], [ ].

    [f]
    11

    ,
    [f].

    .

    [v]

    [v]

    .
    5

    .

    ,

    1.
    2.

    4.

    :
    [I], [ ].

    [vn],

    .

    [ ] ,

    .
    .
    .
    [ ]

    5.

    [ ]

    [ ].

    .

    (Intonation-group).
    .
    As far as I know he is a teacher.
    .
    .

    ,
    .

    :

    is a teacher
    ,

    ,

    .
    ,
    )

    (

    .

    .
    (Low Fall)

    ,

    .
    ,

    ,

    ,

    .
    .
    .

    (Low Rise)
    ,

    ,

    ,

    .
    .

    :

    ,
    .

    ,

    .

    :

    :

    12

    (descending head),

    2

    (Falling Head).

    :

    :

    (Stepping Head).

    :

    (High Level Head),
    .

    :

    | \ |,
    |

    \

    |,

    |
    |

    |,

    |,

    /

    | ' |,

    |,

    ||.

    (sentence-stress)

    .
    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    -

    ,

    .
    ,

    ,

    .
    .

    6.

    (assimilation).
    .
    [t], [d], [n], [l], [s], [z]

    ,
    [ ], [ð].

    6

    .
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.

    ,

    :
    [I], [e].
    -

    .
    .

    .
    13

    7. [j] -

    .
    ,

    ,

    [ ].

    ,

    .
    .
    .
    7

    .

    ,

    1.
    2.

    :

    [j].
    [t].
    8

    .

    ,
    [z]

    1.
    2.
    3.

    :
    [ð],
    [znt],
    .

    .
    .

    8.

    ,
    , . .

    ,
    tedi iz \ten].

    [

    9

    .

    ,

    :

    1.
    .
    2.

    .

    Nn [en], Mm [em], Ss [es], Ff [ef], LI [el]

    I.

    ,

    :

    :

    14

    II.

    ,
    :

    III.

    .

    10-15

    :

    Mm, Nn, Ss, Ff, LI.
    IV.

    ,

    .

    [ðIs Iz].

    1:

    (Low Fall).

    ð s z \n k

    Dick, Sid, Eddy, Kitty, Benny, Betty, Minnie, Ben, Lily.
    2:

    ðis iz

    \lesn

    sentence, text, desk, pig, city, ticket, egg, kid, pen, pencil.
    V.

    ,
    :

    ,

    . IV.
    , . .

    ,

    .
    .

    1:
    2:
    VI.

    d s z \d k || -» z ð s /d k || \jes ||
    d s z \sent ns ||
    z ð s \sent ns || \jes ||
    :

    : Teacher: Who is reading the text?
    Student: \Nick (Eddy, Sid, Kitty, Dick, Ben, Lily) is.
    VII.

    :
    15

    : Teacher: How old is Lily? (Becky, Tom...)
    Student:
    Lily is e\leven.
    VIII.

    ,

    .

    1 : Teacher: How many books have you read this year?
    Student: \Many.
    Teacher: And more exactly?
    Student: \Ten.
    2 : Teacher: Why can't you come to my place?
    Student: \Busy.
    Teacher: Pity, isn't it?
    Student: It \is.

    1.
    2.
    3.

    .
    ,

    .

    ,

    I. )
    II.
    III.

    , )

    :

    .
    .

    .

    Lesson Three

    1. [i:] .
    ,

    [i:]
    ,

    ,

    .

    ,
    [ ] > [ ].

    [ ]
    .

    [ ],
    [i:].

    ,

    [ ],

    ,

    [ ].

    10

    16

    .

    ,

    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.

    :

    (

    [i:]
    []

    []

    [ ].

    [i:]

    .

    [i:]

    .
    .
    [i:]

    .

    2. [ :] .

    [ :]

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    [ ],

    ,

    .
    3.

    .
    (nasal plosion).
    [n]
    [m]

    [t], [d]
    .
    [n]

    .

    : ['g dn].
    (loss of plosion).

    4.

    [ ], [b], [t], [d], [k], [g]
    [ ], [
    ,
    ,
    [ð 'da:k \g dn].

    ,
    [k]

    [m]

    [g]

    11

    .

    ,

    [ :]

    .

    5. [ ] .

    [ ]

    ,

    ,
    [ :]

    ,

    .

    [ ]

    [ ]

    [ ]

    .
    ,

    [ ]

    .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .
    12

    .

    ,

    1.

    :
    -s,

    .

    [s]
    -es

    [z]
    2.
    3.

    ,

    [z]
    [iz]. He

    .
    [ ]

    .
    .

    6. [u:] .
    .

    .

    [u:]
    17

    .

    ,

    .

    [ ]
    [ ]

    .
    ,
    7.

    ,

    ,

    .

    .
    .

    .
    :[

    .

    - a - ].
    ,

    .
    13

    .

    ,

    1.
    2.

    :
    [u:].

    [u:].

    8. [ ] .