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    Ключи к упражнениям «Английский язык: учебник для 9
    класса школ с углубленным изучением английского языка.
    Автор: Афанасьева Ольга Васильевна, Михеева Ирина
    Владимировна».

    UNIT1
    Exercise 2.
    А. 1. а; 2. b; 3. b; 4. с; 5. b; 6. b; 7. а; 8. а;
    В. 1. b; 2. b; 3. а; 4. с; 5. b; 6. b; 7. с; 8. а; 9, с; 10. b

    Exercise 3.
    1. The time when the theory of civilizations was
    worked out (the 1920s).
    2. One basic characteristic of civilizations of the antiquity.
    3. The Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek and Roman peoples.

    Exercise 4.
    1. true 2. false 3. false 4. not mentioned in the text 5. true 6. true 7. not mentioned in the text 8,
    not mentioned in the text 9. not mentioned in the text

    Exercise 5.
    William the Conqueror: 1. c; 2. b
    King John: 1. b; 2. a
    King Charles II: 1. b; 2. a

    Exercise 6.
    a) 1. — B; 2. — C; 3. — E; 4. — D 5. — extra; 6. — A;
    b) 1. - A; 2. - B; 3. - E; 4. - D; 5. — С

    Exercise 7.
    1) — c; 2) — a; 3) — b

    Exercise 8.
    Egypt, Rome, Greece, Egypt, Greece, Egypt, Rome,Rome, Egypt

    Exercise 9.
    1) the cradle of civilization
    2) deserves a special mention
    3) a unique and self-contained culture
    4) ancient monuments have been preserved
    5) artefacts
    6) a source of wonder
    7) the soil very rich with silt
    8) silt
    9) sails and ropes
    10) allowed them to make their diet more varied
    11) had a lasting influence
    12) heel
    13) dipped him in the water
    14) to protect from deadly wounds
    15) warriors
    16) keen politicians
    17) elders
    18) expanded their power

    19) the gulf between the rich and the poor
    20) gave rise
    21) civil wars

    Exercise 11.
    1. c; 2. c; 3. b; 4. a; 5. с

    Exercise 13.
    1. Our ancestors spent most of their time hanging around. They were not engaged in any kind of
    organized labour.
    2. They waited for history to begin ~ They lived in prehistoric times.
    3. They ate what stumbled right in front of them. They ate what they could find, and didn't grow
    any kind of fruit or vegetables specifically.
    4. Unlike their posh relatives in the south of France and Spain they didn't even try to cheer up
    their caves by painting... In the caves of prehistoric people in the British Isles wall paintings
    were not found.
    5. ... daft-looking animals (on the walls) ...primitive wall paintings of prehistoric times usually
    depicted animals or scenes of hunting...

    Exercise 14.
    Text 1: scruffy, a lazy lot, to hang around, posh,daft-looking, to be at a loose end, to stumble in
    front of sb, to drive sb crazy, to turn up, to give (take) a century, poor old Britons, pretty useless.
    Text 2: life went smoothly, bone-headed locals, to mill around, crude Celts. The introduction of
    such words into serious scientific texts produces a humorous effect.

    Exercise 15.
    A. 1. Where does Mr Ross live, don't know,think, lives
    2. Does John smoke? touches, becomes
    3. melts

    4. don't usually eat, am eating, see
    5. keeps, doesn't work
    6. are saying, am speaking, don't understand, are not following
    7. Are you getting, am getting
    8. live/are living
    9. are you meeting, am meeting
    10. thinks
    11. am thinking
    12. is having, are having
    13. Does usually have, has, doesn't have
    14. Do ... work?
    B. 1. will/shall see, will/shall be
    2. will/shall stop and ask
    3. doesn't change, will/shall be
    4. arrives, will come
    5. will take, rains
    6. will return
    7. will return
    8. returns, will definitely help
    9. will agree
    10. will go, snows
    11. will finish
    12. will help
    13. repairs
    C. 1. are having, will you come

    2. will give
    3. is leaving
    4. is playing
    5. will keep
    6. will learn
    7. will arrive/is arriving, we'll meet
    8. will take/is taking
    9. will come, will you send
    10. are you doing,will you join
    11. will/shall rewrite it.

    Exercise 16.
    1. Фред постоянно приходит в школу с невыполненными домашними заданиями.
    2.Боб всегда неаккуратно ведет машину.
    3. Нам сказали, что мы проведем лето на побережье.
    4. Я слышала, что Фиона переезжает в овую квартиру.
    5. Я забыла, что кузина (моя двоюродная сестра) Мэри приезжает завтра утром.
    6. Лорна всегда "рисуется».
    7. Жена Дэвида постоянно покупает дорогую одежду.
    8. Мы слышали, что Люси выходит замуж.

    Exercise 17.
    1. is sailing 2. sails 3. is coming 4. is..writing 5. leaves, does the concert begin 7.are playing
    8 am getting 9. is always forgetting 10.is always fighting 11. are having

    Exercise 18.
    1. -, the, the 2. a, the, the, the, —/the 3. the, the 4. the/a 5.the, a 6.the, the, the, the 7. —, the, the
    8. a, a, the, a 9. a, — 10. the, a, the, the 11. a, the 12. the, the

    Exercise 19.
    1. the 2. the 3. a 4. the 5.-6. a 7. the 8. a 9. the 10. a 11. an 12. the 13. the 14. the 15. the 16.
    The 17. the 18. the 19. the 20. the 21. - 22. an 23. the

    Exercise 20.
    1. an 2. a 3. the 4. the 5. the 6. the 7. the 8. the 9. a 10. a

    Exercise 21.
    1. Speak to Mr Baker, head of our delegation.
    2. Meet Captain Newman, our new colleague.
    3. The Prime Minister is making a speech at ten o'clock tomorrow.
    4. Professor Piotrovskyi, director of the Hermitage, lives in St. Petersburg.
    5. Who will be chairman of Monday's conference?
    6. Vladimir Putin was selected president of Russia twice.
    7.Andrew became leader of his party in 2004.
    8. James Monroe was the 5th president of the United States.
    9. M. Gorbachev was the first and the last president of the USSR.
    10. Thanks to the changes in our country Western people learned Russian words "glasnost" and
    "perestroika".
    11. Elizabeth I was the last Tudor queen of England.
    12. Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 13.
    Charles de Gaulle was a French general. He became President of France in 1958. 14. Charles II,
    King of Britain, was a wise ruler.
    15. Julius Caesar, emperor of Rome, was a military genius.

    Exercise 22.
    1. in, on 2. in 3. at 4. — 5. at 6. at 7. at, — 8. in 9. on 10. at 11. in 12. at 13. in 14. —15. at
    16. by 17. for, on 18.on 19. in, at 20. on 21. in

    Exercise 23.
    A. 1. during 2. during 3. for 4. during 5. for 6. during 7. for 8. for 9. during, for 10. for,
    during
    В. 1. in 2. on 3. in 4. on 5. in 6. on 7. in 8. on 9. on 10. in
    C. 1. at 2. at 3. in 4. at 5. in 6. in 7. at 8. in 9. at 10. in
    D. 1. on 2. — 3. — 4. in 5. on 6. in 7. — 8. on 9. on 10. in
    E. 1. after 2. afterwards 3. after 4. after 5. afterwards 6. After 7. afterwards 8. afterwards 9.
    afterwards 10. after, afterwards

    Exercise 24.
    1. b, a; 2. b, a; 3. b, a; 4. a, b; 5. a, b; 6. a, b 7. b, a; 8. b, a; 9. b, a; 10. b, a; 11. b, a; 12. a, b

    Exercise 25.
    1. first 2. northern 3. powerful 4. visited 5.was promised 6. relative 7. childless 8. himself 9.
    quickly 10. invading 11. himself 12. had conquered 13. (had) become 14. greatest 15. western
    16. descendants

    Exercise 26.
    1. d; 2. c; 3. b; 4. b; 5. a; 6. c; 7. a; 8. a

    Exercise 27.
    1. up 2. up 3. out 4. on 5. up 6. at 7. up 8.at 9. up 10. on

    Exercise 28.
    1. Older children often pick on younger children (ones).
    2. The parents picked out the name for their newborn baby.
    3. My cousin picked up some Italian after his three months' stay in Italy.
    4. The bus stopped to pick up two passengers.
    5. The children were picking at the food on their plates.
    6. We walked along the beach picking up pebbles and shells.
    7. He went there to pick up the/some information.
    8. I pick up my daughter from school
    9. Jenny is always picking (always picks) on me.
    10. He picked out the best for himself.

    Exercise 31.
    1) efficient 2) contemporary 3) an establishment 4) an opportunity 5) contemporaries 6)
    available 7) to contribute 8) to be aware 9) to establish 10) rapid 11) to record 12) to
    achieve 13) to benefit 14) beneficial 15) subsequent 16) capture

    Exercise 32.
    1. available 2. rapid 3. benefited 4. established 5. efficient 6. aware 7. achievements 8.
    contemporary 9. generations 10. contributed 11. recorded 12. achieved 13. opportunity 14.
    establishment 15. beneficial 16. gradually

    Exercise 33.
    a) Rapid change (progress, increase, growth) Contemporary writer (view, events, music)
    Efficient secretary (staff, helper, machine) Available ticket (dictionary, equipment, ingredients)
    Subsequent event (interview, generation)
    b) To record a speech (melody, concert, events)
    To be aware of some facts (ideas, sb's presence, sb's views)

    To benefit from the medicine (agreement, project)
    To establish relations (a company, a committee, a college)
    To contribute money (articles, time, goods)
    To achieve a success (victory, independence)

    Exercise 34.
    1. to 2. of 3. to 4. for 5. of 6. in, of 7. to 8. with 9. from 10. -

    Exercise 35.
    1—7, 2—10, 3—11, 4—5, 6—9, 8-12

    Exercise 37.
    1. Tom wasn't aware that his elder sister was watching him.
    2. Strawberries become available in early summer.
    3. Marie and Pierre Curie achieved fame as scientists.
    4. The people of the village contributed food and clothing to the refugee family.
    5. Chekhov's contribution to Russian literature is really great.
    6. A department store, a school, a hospital, a business centre are establishments.
    7. My parents call me and my friends the younger generation.
    8. You should go and see this film if you get the opportunity.
    9. The school promises rapid results in language learning.
    10. The song was recorded, not live. (The song was performed in recording, not live.)
    11. John recorded the score of the match in a notebook.
    12. There are still a few seats available for the game.
    13. I know what contributed to her success as a ballet dancer.
    14. The college established a new course for students interested in computers.
    15. Michael took the opportunity of visiting the National Gallery while he was in London.
    Exercise 38.
    1. Ее движения были быстрыми и точными.
    2. Давай быстро просмотрим документы.
    3. Быстро проведи гостей по дому.
    4. Не веди машину так быстро, дорога покрыта льдом.
    5. В Китае это было время быстрых перемен.
    6. Мне пришлось быстро принять решение.
    7. После операции она быстро выздоровела.
    8. Новый летательный аппарат летает почти в два раза быстрее старого.
    9. Мы свидетели быстрых изменений в мире компьютерной техники.

    10. Вот это скорость! Ты уже закончил?
    11. Я быстренько приму душ.
    12. Он очень быстро ходит.
    13. С утра мы ненадолго съездили в город.
    14. Она так быстро говорит. Я не понимаю ее.
    15. Население обеспокоено быстрым увеличением военных расходов.
    16. Он быстро выхватил оружие из кармана.
    17. Когда отправляется скорый поезд до Ливерпуля?
    18. Ускоренное обучение: выучи новый язык за 12 недель.
    Exercise 39.
    1. — е; 2. — b; 3. — f; 4. — h; 5. — g; 6. — d;7. — а; с — extra
    Exercise 40.
    1. use of stones as weapons, tools, use of fire, use of metals, invention of the wheel, creation of
    metal weapons
    2. learning to capture and tame animals; planting crops, gathering seeds from wild plants,
    making tools (ploughs) for breaking up the ground
    3. writing (turning drawings into letters), counting (cattle and sheep), earliest forms of
    arithmetic, writing to record the language
    4. the invention of printing, spread of books among a lot of people, writing of many books,
    discoveries of new lands, animals and plants
    5. the inventions of the Industrial Revolution — steam engine, condenser, piston; manufactures,
    machinery. 6.machinery, manufacture of cars, appearance of lorries, buses, airplanes
    7. atomic energy nuclear weapons, inventions of television, computers, spacecraft, genetic
    engineering
    Exercise 41.
    a) 1) to culminate in sth 2) spread of ideas 3) groundwork 4) to slow down 5) to be associated
    with sth 6)on a large scale 7) to own books 8) to be filled with sth 9)wealthy 10)in its turn
    b) 1. I associate summer with holidays. 2.Could you slow down, please? 3. The book is filled
    with references to the era of the Renaissance. 4. The World War II culminated in Germany's
    surrender. 5. ...a privilege of the wealthy. 6.... the Church owned a lot of lands.7. These
    preliminary talks laid the groundwork for the meeting between the two leaders. 8. ... discoeries
    are made on a large scale.
    Exercise 42.
    1. cactuses 2.formulae 4. appendixes 7.ganeuses 8.antennas
    Exercise 43.
    1. historic 2. historic/historical 3. historical 4.historical 5. historic 6. historical 7.
    historic/historical 8. History, historic 9. history 10. historical, historic 11. historic 12. historical
    Exercise 47.
    A. 1) - f; 2) - b; 3) — a; 4) — c; 5) — d; 6)-e
    B. 1) - c; 2) - e; 3) - d; 4) - b; 5) - a
    C. 1) - d; 2) - a; 3) - b; 4) - c; 5) - e; 6) - f
    Exercise 49.
    14th century-suit of armor- spear-sword-shield

    17th century-cannon – musket-helmet-gunpowder
    20th century-automatic rifle-machine gun-tank- mine(early)
    20th century (late)ballistic-nuclear and-jet aircraft-aicraft
    missiles-H-bomb-carrier
    Exercise 54.
    1. Vikings 2. Spartans 3. Indians
    Exercise 55.
    b) Referring certain events to bright or dark pages of history is very subjective. Usually all
    periods of wars are referred to dark pages of history, epochs of great discoveries, technological
    progress, achieving consensus on disputed problems traditionally may be regarded as bright
    pages of history.
    Exercise 56.
    1. Счастлива та страна, у которой нет истории.
    2. Если хочешь мира, готовься к войне.
    3. Из пушки по воробьям.
    4. Люби своего соседа, но не сноси забор.
    5. Перо сильнее меча.
    6. История повторяется.
    7. Все честно в любви и на войне.
    Exercise 59.
    a) four hundred and thirty-two; one thousand five hundred and eighty-three, one thousand one
    hundred and eighty-four, one hundred and eighty-four thousand one hundred and three; one
    million eight hundred and thirty-two thousand seven hundred and sixty-five, three million one
    thousand one hundred and ninety-two, four million nine hundred and thirty-one thousand one
    hundred and eighty-seven, five hundred and forty-one thousand one hundred and sixty-four, one
    hundred and ninety-two, one thousand one hundred and eleven, three million nine hundred and
    seventy-one thousand five hundred and seven
    b) 1. one thousand one hundred and twenty-one
    2. nineteen oh nine
    3. two thousand, two thousand (and) one
    4. three, nil
    5. zero, thirty-two
    6. two hundred and six
    7. three oh one, double five, double five
    8. zero, nought
    9. seven double oh, eight three nine, one five two six
    10. seven eight four, oh nine three, six five
    11. five hundred million, five hundred million, a billion
    Exercise 61.
    do's: b, с, е
    don'ts: a, d, f, g
    UNIT2
    Exercise 2.
    1. c; 2. c; 3. a; 4. b; 5. b; 6. b; 7. b; 8. b; 9. c;10. A

    Exercise 3.
    1) - a; 2) - b; 3) — c; 4) - f; 5) - d; 6) — e
    Exercise 4.
    1. for and against 2. political 3. how to spend money 4. remembered 5. government 6. 1858 7.
    newspapers 8. Presidency 9. a hundred 10. 1960 11. for the first time in history 12. John
    Kennedy 13. Vice-President 14. Kennedy
    Exercise 5.
    Socrates — c, e, g; Plato — a, d; Aristotle — b, f
    Exercise 6.
    1. false 2. true 3. true 4. not mentioned in the text 5. false 6. true 7. true 8. not mentioned in the
    text 9. false 10. not mentioned in the text
    Exercise 7.
    1. — D; 3. — C; 4. — A; 5. — B; 2. — extra
    Exercise 8.
    1. — C; 2. — E; 3. - F; 4. - B; 5. — D; A - extra
    Exercise 9.
    1. d; 2. b; 3. c; 4. b; 5. c; 6. c; 7. d; 8. b
    Exercise 10.
    1) to challenge the old beliefs 2) to banish the evils and hardships 3) fictitious 4) community 5)
    to proclaim superiority of one person over another 6) leisured or idle 7) by compulsion 8)
    incurable 9) to be honored 10) belongings
    Exercise 11.
    1. In the Renaissance period Latin had an advantage over the rest of the languages.
    2. He refused to accept King Henry VIII as the head of the church iff England, didn't approve
    the king's divorce (as the Catholic church doesn't usually allow it).
    3. In the Russian language the word "utopia" has several meanings:
    1) an imaginary place or situation in which everything in society is perfect
    2) unrealistic plans
    3) a type of books or films about ideal imaginary societies. In English it means "an imaginary
    place or situation in which everything in society is perfect".
    4. In the form of a dialogue. Because people express their own ideas they can ask each other
    questions, argue on certain points and thus get a very complete
    description of the topic involved.
    5. Division into social classes inequality of rights (ranks), superiority of one person over
    another which led to envy, hate, selfish ambition and strife, idle classes
    changing people's views by compulsion, marriages of convenience existence of tyrants.
    9. Anti-utopia is a book or a film about an imaginary society where an individual doesn't matter
    and all the power is in the hands of a group or a person/creature and where people are oppressed.
    Sample books where anti-utopian societies were
    described are "We" (by Zamyatin), "1984" (by George Orwell) "The Brave New World" (by
    Aldous Huxley).

    Exercise 12.
    A. 1. tried/was trying, was not, was helping
    2. arrived, were having
    3. didn't you do, was visiting
    4. was happening walked
    5. did you do
    6. was surfing, found
    7. could, was hiding
    8. didn't hear, was sleeping
    9. was walking, began
    10. was sleeping
    11. was telling, fell, closed, left
    12. was wearing
    13. were quarrelling, came
    14. was, was sparkling, were singing
    B. 1. have heard
    2. haven't attended, came
    3. caught, has been
    4. has played
    5. has arrived
    6. has drawn, drew
    7. have you bought, told, when did you buy
    8. has sewn
    9. have known, got were
    10. saw, has never seen
    11. has worn, bought, wore
    12. has just phoned
    13. were
    14. has transformed
    С 1. have had
    2. have been doing, have been looking
    3. have you been running
    4. have known
    5. have I done
    6. have been renting
    7. have owned, has always been
    8. have been calling, have you been
    9. has been staying
    10. has broken, has been playing