• Название:

    English 9 afasyeva. PDF

  • Размер: 0.37 Мб
  • Формат: PDF
  • или

    Ключи к упражнениям «Английский язык: учебник для 9
    класса школ с углубленным изучением английского языка.
    Автор: Афанасьева Ольга Васильевна, Михеева Ирина
    Владимировна».

    UNIT1
    Exercise 2.
    А. 1. а; 2. b; 3. b; 4. с; 5. b; 6. b; 7. а; 8. а;
    В. 1. b; 2. b; 3. а; 4. с; 5. b; 6. b; 7. с; 8. а; 9, с; 10. b

    Exercise 3.
    1. The time when the theory of civilizations was
    worked out (the 1920s).
    2. One basic characteristic of civilizations of the antiquity.
    3. The Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek and Roman peoples.

    Exercise 4.
    1. true 2. false 3. false 4. not mentioned in the text 5. true 6. true 7. not mentioned in the text 8,
    not mentioned in the text 9. not mentioned in the text

    Exercise 5.
    William the Conqueror: 1. c; 2. b
    King John: 1. b; 2. a
    King Charles II: 1. b; 2. a

    Exercise 6.
    a) 1. — B; 2. — C; 3. — E; 4. — D 5. — extra; 6. — A;
    b) 1. - A; 2. - B; 3. - E; 4. - D; 5. — С

    Exercise 7.
    1) — c; 2) — a; 3) — b

    Exercise 8.
    Egypt, Rome, Greece, Egypt, Greece, Egypt, Rome,Rome, Egypt

    Exercise 9.
    1) the cradle of civilization
    2) deserves a special mention
    3) a unique and self-contained culture
    4) ancient monuments have been preserved
    5) artefacts
    6) a source of wonder
    7) the soil very rich with silt
    8) silt
    9) sails and ropes
    10) allowed them to make their diet more varied
    11) had a lasting influence
    12) heel
    13) dipped him in the water
    14) to protect from deadly wounds
    15) warriors
    16) keen politicians
    17) elders
    18) expanded their power

    19) the gulf between the rich and the poor
    20) gave rise
    21) civil wars

    Exercise 11.
    1. c; 2. c; 3. b; 4. a; 5. с

    Exercise 13.
    1. Our ancestors spent most of their time hanging around. They were not engaged in any kind of
    organized labour.
    2. They waited for history to begin ~ They lived in prehistoric times.
    3. They ate what stumbled right in front of them. They ate what they could find, and didn't grow
    any kind of fruit or vegetables specifically.
    4. Unlike their posh relatives in the south of France and Spain they didn't even try to cheer up
    their caves by painting... In the caves of prehistoric people in the British Isles wall paintings
    were not found.
    5. ... daft-looking animals (on the walls) ...primitive wall paintings of prehistoric times usually
    depicted animals or scenes of hunting...

    Exercise 14.
    Text 1: scruffy, a lazy lot, to hang around, posh,daft-looking, to be at a loose end, to stumble in
    front of sb, to drive sb crazy, to turn up, to give (take) a century, poor old Britons, pretty useless.
    Text 2: life went smoothly, bone-headed locals, to mill around, crude Celts. The introduction of
    such words into serious scientific texts produces a humorous effect.

    Exercise 15.
    A. 1. Where does Mr Ross live, don't know,think, lives
    2. Does John smoke? touches, becomes
    3. melts

    4. don't usually eat, am eating, see
    5. keeps, doesn't work
    6. are saying, am speaking, don't understand, are not following
    7. Are you getting, am getting
    8. live/are living
    9. are you meeting, am meeting
    10. thinks
    11. am thinking
    12. is having, are having
    13. Does usually have, has, doesn't have
    14. Do ... work?
    B. 1. will/shall see, will/shall be
    2. will/shall stop and ask
    3. doesn't change, will/shall be
    4. arrives, will come
    5. will take, rains
    6. will return
    7. will return
    8. returns, will definitely help
    9. will agree
    10. will go, snows
    11. will finish
    12. will help
    13. repairs
    C. 1. are having, will you come

    2. will give
    3. is leaving
    4. is playing
    5. will keep
    6. will learn
    7. will arrive/is arriving, we'll meet
    8. will take/is taking
    9. will come, will you send
    10. are you doing,will you join
    11. will/shall rewrite it.

    Exercise 16.
    1. Фред постоянно приходит в школу с невыполненными домашними заданиями.
    2.Боб всегда неаккуратно ведет машину.
    3. Нам сказали, что мы проведем лето на побережье.
    4. Я слышала, что Фиона переезжает в овую квартиру.
    5. Я забыла, что кузина (моя двоюродная сестра) Мэри приезжает завтра утром.
    6. Лорна всегда "рисуется».
    7. Жена Дэвида постоянно покупает дорогую одежду.
    8. Мы слышали, что Люси выходит замуж.

    Exercise 17.
    1. is sailing 2. sails 3. is coming 4. is..writing 5. leaves, does the concert begin 7.are playing
    8 am getting 9. is always forgetting 10.is always fighting 11. are having

    Exercise 18.
    1. -, the, the 2. a, the, the, the, —/the 3. the, the 4. the/a 5.the, a 6.the, the, the, the 7. —, the, the
    8. a, a, the, a 9. a, — 10. the, a, the, the 11. a, the 12. the, the

    Exercise 19.
    1. the 2. the 3. a 4. the 5.-6. a 7. the 8. a 9. the 10. a 11. an 12. the 13. the 14. the 15. the 16.
    The 17. the 18. the 19. the 20. the 21. - 22. an 23. the

    Exercise 20.
    1. an 2. a 3. the 4. the 5. the 6. the 7. the 8. the 9. a 10. a

    Exercise 21.
    1. Speak to Mr Baker, head of our delegation.
    2. Meet Captain Newman, our new colleague.
    3. The Prime Minister is making a speech at ten o'clock tomorrow.
    4. Professor Piotrovskyi, director of the Hermitage, lives in St. Petersburg.
    5. Who will be chairman of Monday's conference?
    6. Vladimir Putin was selected president of Russia twice.
    7.Andrew became leader of his party in 2004.
    8. James Monroe was the 5th president of the United States.
    9. M. Gorbachev was the first and the last president of the USSR.
    10. Thanks to the changes in our country Western people learned Russian words "glasnost" and
    "perestroika".
    11. Elizabeth I was the last Tudor queen of England.
    12. Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 13.
    Charles de Gaulle was a French general. He became President of France in 1958. 14. Charles II,
    King of Britain, was a wise ruler.
    15. Julius Caesar, emperor of Rome, was a military genius.

    Exercise 22.
    1. in, on 2. in 3. at 4. — 5. at 6. at 7. at, — 8. in 9. on 10. at 11. in 12. at 13. in 14. —15. at
    16. by 17. for, on 18.on 19. in, at 20. on 21. in

    Exercise 23.
    A. 1. during 2. during 3. for 4. during 5. for 6. during 7. for 8. for 9. during, for 10. for,
    during
    В. 1. in 2. on 3. in 4. on 5. in 6. on 7. in 8. on 9. on 10. in
    C. 1. at 2. at 3. in 4. at 5. in 6. in 7. at 8. in 9. at 10. in
    D. 1. on 2. — 3. — 4. in 5. on 6. in 7. — 8. on 9. on 10. in
    E. 1. after 2. afterwards 3. after 4. after 5. afterwards 6. After 7. afterwards 8. afterwards 9.
    afterwards 10. after, afterwards

    Exercise 24.
    1. b, a; 2. b, a; 3. b, a; 4. a, b; 5. a, b; 6. a, b 7. b, a; 8. b, a; 9. b, a; 10. b, a; 11. b, a; 12. a, b

    Exercise 25.
    1. first 2. northern 3. powerful 4. visited 5.was promised 6. relative 7. childless 8. himself 9.
    quickly 10. invading 11. himself 12. had conquered 13. (had) become 14. greatest 15. western
    16. descendants

    Exercise 26.
    1. d; 2. c; 3. b; 4. b; 5. a; 6. c; 7. a; 8. a

    Exercise 27.
    1. up 2. up 3. out 4. on 5. up 6. at 7. up 8.at 9. up 10. on

    Exercise 28.
    1. Older children often pick on younger children (ones).
    2. The parents picked out the name for their newborn baby.
    3. My cousin picked up some Italian after his three months' stay in Italy.
    4. The bus stopped to pick up two passengers.
    5. The children were picking at the food on their plates.
    6. We walked along the beach picking up pebbles and shells.
    7. He went there to pick up the/some information.
    8. I pick up my daughter from school
    9. Jenny is always picking (always picks) on me.
    10. He picked out the best for himself.

    Exercise 31.
    1) efficient 2) contemporary 3) an establishment 4) an opportunity 5) contemporaries 6)
    available 7) to contribute 8) to be aware 9) to establish 10) rapid 11) to record 12) to
    achieve 13) to benefit 14) beneficial 15) subsequent 16) capture

    Exercise 32.
    1. available 2. rapid 3. benefited 4. established 5. efficient 6. aware 7. achievements 8.
    contemporary 9. generations 10. contributed 11. recorded 12. achieved 13. opportunity 14.
    establishment 15. beneficial 16. gradually

    Exercise 33.
    a) Rapid change (progress, increase, growth) Contemporary writer (view, events, music)
    Efficient secretary (staff, helper, machine) Available ticket (dictionary, equipment, ingredients)
    Subsequent event (interview, generation)
    b) To record a speech (melody, concert, events)
    To be aware of some facts (ideas, sb's presence, sb's views)

    To benefit from the medicine (agreement, project)
    To establish relations (a company, a committee, a college)
    To contribute money (articles, time, goods)
    To achieve a success (victory, independence)

    Exercise 34.
    1. to 2. of 3. to 4. for 5. of 6. in, of 7. to 8. with 9. from 10. -

    Exercise 35.
    1—7, 2—10, 3—11, 4—5, 6—9, 8-12

    Exercise 37.
    1. Tom wasn't aware that his elder sister was watching him.
    2. Strawberries become available in early summer.
    3. Marie and Pierre Curie achieved fame as scientists.
    4. The people of the village contributed food and clothing to the refugee family.
    5. Chekhov's contribution to Russian literature is really great.
    6. A department store, a school, a hospital, a business centre are establishments.
    7. My parents call me and my friends the younger generation.
    8. You should go and see this film if you get the opportunity.
    9. The school promises rapid results in language learning.
    10. The song was recorded, not live. (The song was performed in recording, not live.)
    11. John recorded the score of the match in a notebook.
    12. There are still a few seats available for the game.
    13. I know what contributed to her success as a ballet dancer.
    14. The college established a new course for students interested in computers.
    15. Michael took the opportunity of visiting the National Gallery while he was in London.
    Exercise 38.
    1. Ее движения были быстрыми и точными.
    2. Давай быстро просмотрим документы.
    3. Быстро проведи гостей по дому.
    4. Не веди машину так быстро, дорога покрыта льдом.
    5. В Китае это было время быстрых перемен.
    6. Мне пришлось быстро принять решение.
    7. После операции она быстро выздоровела.
    8. Новый летательный аппарат летает почти в два раза быстрее старого.
    9. Мы свидетели быстрых изменений в мире компьютерной техники.

    10. Вот это скорость! Ты уже закончил?
    11. Я быстренько приму душ.
    12. Он очень быстро ходит.
    13. С утра мы ненадолго съездили в город.
    14. Она так быстро говорит. Я не понимаю ее.
    15. Население обеспокоено быстрым увеличением военных расходов.
    16. Он быстро выхватил оружие из кармана.
    17. Когда отправляется скорый поезд до Ливерпуля?
    18. Ускоренное обучение: выучи новый язык за 12 недель.
    Exercise 39.
    1. — е; 2. — b; 3. — f; 4. — h; 5. — g; 6. — d;7. — а; с — extra
    Exercise 40.
    1. use of stones as weapons, tools, use of fire, use of metals, invention of the wheel, creation of
    metal weapons
    2. learning to capture and tame animals; planting crops, gathering seeds from wild plants,
    making tools (ploughs) for breaking up the ground
    3. writing (turning drawings into letters), counting (cattle and sheep), earliest forms of
    arithmetic, writing to record the language
    4. the invention of printing, spread of books among a lot of people, writing of many books,
    discoveries of new lands, animals and plants
    5. the inventions of the Industrial Revolution — steam engine, condenser, piston; manufactures,
    machinery. 6.machinery, manufacture of cars, appearance of lorries, buses, airplanes
    7. atomic energy nuclear weapons, inventions of television, computers, spacecraft, genetic
    engineering
    Exercise 41.
    a) 1) to culminate in sth 2) spread of ideas 3) groundwork 4) to slow down 5) to be associated
    with sth 6)on a large scale 7) to own books 8) to be filled with sth 9)wealthy 10)in its turn
    b) 1. I associate summer with holidays. 2.Could you slow down, please? 3. The book is filled
    with references to the era of the Renaissance. 4. The World War II culminated in Germany's
    surrender. 5. ...a privilege of the wealthy. 6.... the Church owned a lot of lands.7. These
    preliminary talks laid the groundwork for the meeting between the two leaders. 8. ... discoeries
    are made on a large scale.
    Exercise 42.
    1. cactuses 2.formulae 4. appendixes 7.ganeuses 8.antennas
    Exercise 43.
    1. historic 2. historic/historical 3. historical 4.historical 5. historic 6. historical 7.
    historic/historical 8. History, historic 9. history 10. historical, historic 11. historic 12. historical
    Exercise 47.
    A. 1) - f; 2) - b; 3) — a; 4) — c; 5) — d; 6)-e
    B. 1) - c; 2) - e; 3) - d; 4) - b; 5) - a
    C. 1) - d; 2) - a; 3) - b; 4) - c; 5) - e; 6) - f
    Exercise 49.
    14th century-suit of armor- spear-sword-shield

    17th century-cannon – musket-helmet-gunpowder
    20th century-automatic rifle-machine gun-tank- mine(early)
    20th century (late)ballistic-nuclear and-jet aircraft-aicraft
    missiles-H-bomb-carrier
    Exercise 54.
    1. Vikings 2. Spartans 3. Indians
    Exercise 55.
    b) Referring certain events to bright or dark pages of history is very subjective. Usually all
    periods of wars are referred to dark pages of history, epochs of great discoveries, technological
    progress, achieving consensus on disputed problems traditionally may be regarded as bright
    pages of history.
    Exercise 56.
    1. Счастлива та страна, у которой нет истории.
    2. Если хочешь мира, готовься к войне.
    3. Из пушки по воробьям.
    4. Люби своего соседа, но не сноси забор.
    5. Перо сильнее меча.
    6. История повторяется.
    7. Все честно в любви и на войне.
    Exercise 59.
    a) four hundred and thirty-two; one thousand five hundred and eighty-three, one thousand one
    hundred and eighty-four, one hundred and eighty-four thousand one hundred and three; one
    million eight hundred and thirty-two thousand seven hundred and sixty-five, three million one
    thousand one hundred and ninety-two, four million nine hundred and thirty-one thousand one
    hundred and eighty-seven, five hundred and forty-one thousand one hundred and sixty-four, one
    hundred and ninety-two, one thousand one hundred and eleven, three million nine hundred and
    seventy-one thousand five hundred and seven
    b) 1. one thousand one hundred and twenty-one
    2. nineteen oh nine
    3. two thousand, two thousand (and) one
    4. three, nil
    5. zero, thirty-two
    6. two hundred and six
    7. three oh one, double five, double five
    8. zero, nought
    9. seven double oh, eight three nine, one five two six
    10. seven eight four, oh nine three, six five
    11. five hundred million, five hundred million, a billion
    Exercise 61.
    do's: b, с, е
    don'ts: a, d, f, g
    UNIT2
    Exercise 2.
    1. c; 2. c; 3. a; 4. b; 5. b; 6. b; 7. b; 8. b; 9. c;10. A

    Exercise 3.
    1) - a; 2) - b; 3) — c; 4) - f; 5) - d; 6) — e
    Exercise 4.
    1. for and against 2. political 3. how to spend money 4. remembered 5. government 6. 1858 7.
    newspapers 8. Presidency 9. a hundred 10. 1960 11. for the first time in history 12. John
    Kennedy 13. Vice-President 14. Kennedy
    Exercise 5.
    Socrates — c, e, g; Plato — a, d; Aristotle — b, f
    Exercise 6.
    1. false 2. true 3. true 4. not mentioned in the text 5. false 6. true 7. true 8. not mentioned in the
    text 9. false 10. not mentioned in the text
    Exercise 7.
    1. — D; 3. — C; 4. — A; 5. — B; 2. — extra
    Exercise 8.
    1. — C; 2. — E; 3. - F; 4. - B; 5. — D; A - extra
    Exercise 9.
    1. d; 2. b; 3. c; 4. b; 5. c; 6. c; 7. d; 8. b
    Exercise 10.
    1) to challenge the old beliefs 2) to banish the evils and hardships 3) fictitious 4) community 5)
    to proclaim superiority of one person over another 6) leisured or idle 7) by compulsion 8)
    incurable 9) to be honored 10) belongings
    Exercise 11.
    1. In the Renaissance period Latin had an advantage over the rest of the languages.
    2. He refused to accept King Henry VIII as the head of the church iff England, didn't approve
    the king's divorce (as the Catholic church doesn't usually allow it).
    3. In the Russian language the word "utopia" has several meanings:
    1) an imaginary place or situation in which everything in society is perfect
    2) unrealistic plans
    3) a type of books or films about ideal imaginary societies. In English it means "an imaginary
    place or situation in which everything in society is perfect".
    4. In the form of a dialogue. Because people express their own ideas they can ask each other
    questions, argue on certain points and thus get a very complete
    description of the topic involved.
    5. Division into social classes inequality of rights (ranks), superiority of one person over
    another which led to envy, hate, selfish ambition and strife, idle classes
    changing people's views by compulsion, marriages of convenience existence of tyrants.
    9. Anti-utopia is a book or a film about an imaginary society where an individual doesn't matter
    and all the power is in the hands of a group or a person/creature and where people are oppressed.
    Sample books where anti-utopian societies were
    described are "We" (by Zamyatin), "1984" (by George Orwell) "The Brave New World" (by
    Aldous Huxley).

    Exercise 12.
    A. 1. tried/was trying, was not, was helping
    2. arrived, were having
    3. didn't you do, was visiting
    4. was happening walked
    5. did you do
    6. was surfing, found
    7. could, was hiding
    8. didn't hear, was sleeping
    9. was walking, began
    10. was sleeping
    11. was telling, fell, closed, left
    12. was wearing
    13. were quarrelling, came
    14. was, was sparkling, were singing
    B. 1. have heard
    2. haven't attended, came
    3. caught, has been
    4. has played
    5. has arrived
    6. has drawn, drew
    7. have you bought, told, when did you buy
    8. has sewn
    9. have known, got were
    10. saw, has never seen
    11. has worn, bought, wore
    12. has just phoned
    13. were
    14. has transformed
    С 1. have had
    2. have been doing, have been looking
    3. have you been running
    4. have known
    5. have I done
    6. have been renting
    7. have owned, has always been
    8. have been calling, have you been
    9. has been staying
    10. has broken, has been playing
    11. Has the taxi arrived, have been waiting
    12. have been working, has got
    13. have you been crying
    14. have heard
    Exercise 13.
    1. b; 2. b; 3. b; 4. b; 5. a; 6. a; 7. b; 8. a;9. b; 10. b; 11. b; 12. b; 13. b; 14. b
    Exercise 14.
    1. — 2. the 3. — 4. — 5. the 6. the 7. the 8. The 9. —, the 10.- 11. the/— 12. a, the 13. a 14.
    a 15. —

    Exercise 15.
    1. a 2. the 3. a 4. —5. —6. —, — 7. a, a 8. a 9. - 10. a 11. a 12. - 13. the 14. - 15. a/Exercise 16.
    1. at 2. in 3. in 4. on, at 5. in 6. at 7. at 8. at
    9. in, in 10. at 11. at 12. at 13. in 14. at 15. at, at
    Exercise 17.
    1. I can't sleep on a train or on a bus even if I'm on a long journey.
    2. All the seats on the plane were occupied.
    3. Sam usually goes to the market in his car, he doesn't walk there.
    4. We were doing (did) crosswords and were playing (played) various games on the train.
    5. It is not usually allowed to have a smoke (to smoke) on planes.
    6. People most often go in a taxi (go by taxi) when they are late (for some place).
    7. That day there were a lot of passengers on the train.
    8.I like driving in a car when the streets are not very busy (the traffic is not very heavy).
    9. I'll look through these papers (notes) on the train on my way to the interview.
    10. There was a doctor on the bus. It was he who helped the elderly woman.
    Exercise 18.
    1. as, as 2. as 3. like 4. like 5. as 6. like 7. like 8. as 9. as 10. like
    Exercise 19.
    1. b, a; 2. a, b; 3. b, a; 4. b, a; 5. b, a, c; 6. a, a, b; 7. a, b; 8. b, a; 9. b, a; 10. a, b; 11. b, a; 12.
    a, b; 13. b, a; 14. b, a; 15. a, b
    Exercise 20.
    1. getting 2. going 3. later 4. ate/was eating 5. meetings 6. throughout 7. advisors 8. to
    make 9. the best 10. saw 11. discoveries 12. improvements 13. education 14. employment 15.
    democracy 16. freedom
    Exercise 21.
    1. a; 2. c; 3. b; 4. c; 5. b; 6. c; 7. d; 8. a
    Exercise 22.
    1. down 2. out 3. down 4. in 5. off 6. down 7. in 8. out 9. up 10. off 11. down on 12. off l3.
    off 14. out 15. up 16. Down
    Exercise 23.
    1. Let's cut up the chicken before serving it.
    2. The article was yellow with age. Someone had cut it out of a newspaper many years before.
    3. It would be nice to cut down the working day to six hours.
    4. You can cut the sleeves off the jacket and wear it again.
    5. At last he managed to cut down cigarettes to three (a day).
    6. Steve kept silent most of the time and only cut in two or three times.
    7. It's time for people to think how they can cut down the electricity they use.
    8. The notice was made up of letters cut out of a magazine.
    9. Cut up the vegetables, mix them and add some oil.
    10. When she became 16, she cut off her plaits.

    11.I think he feels cut off from his friends.
    Exercise 26.
    1. aim
    2. united
    3. shortcomings
    4. соmprises
    5. proposal
    6. signify
    7. emerged
    8. flourishing
    9. revealed
    10. identify
    11. inherit
    12. restrict(ed)
    13. significance
    14. deal
    Exercise 27.
    1. ...were dramatic
    2. ...was a case of emergency
    3. ...of the various shortcomings
    4. ...emerged from the lake
    5. ...united
    6. ...your proposal
    7. ...had foreseen the future
    8. ...open to corruption
    9. ...aim
    10. ...discontented
    11. ..comprised
    12. ...to restrict your social life
    13. ...initial letter
    14....can reveal this fact (to everybody)
    15. ...deals with
    Exercise 28.
    1) - c; 2) - f; 3)-j; 4) - h; 5) - a; 6)- e/n 7)-i; 8)-d; 9) - g; 10) -b; 11) —k; 12) - m; 13) -p;
    14)-о; 15) -1; 16) – q
    Exercise 29.
    Corrupt (a) — коррумпированный;
    corrupt(v) — подкупать;
    initials — инициалы;
    aimless — бесцельный
    flourishing — процветающий;
    inheritance — наследство;
    revelation — откровение;
    restriction — ограничение;
    united — объединенный, соединенный.

    Exercise 30.
    1) — g; 2) - с; 3) - f; 4) - h; 5) - e; 6)-b 7) - d; 8) – a
    Exercise 31.
    A. 1) вынужденная посадка
    2) чрезвычайные полномочия
    3) неприкосновенный запас
    4) запасной выход
    5) чрезвычайная сессия конгресса
    В.1) ясная
    2) политическая
    3) амбициозная
    4) общая
    5) достойная
    6) долговременная цель
    С. 1) принять
    2) наметить
    3) выдвинуть
    4) поддержать
    5) отвергнуть
    6) обсудить предложение
    Exercise 32.
    а) 1. join 2. unite 3. join (up) 4. join 5. join (up) 6. united 7. join 8. united 9. join 10. join
    b) 1. England and Scotland united in 1707.
    2. Why don't you join us for dinner tonight?
    3. I think in the modern world it is important to unite and not to divide people.
    4. Oil and water will not unite
    5. Wendy left her office and went to the cinema to join her friends there.
    6. Do you mind if I join you?
    7. When did the two parties unite?
    8. Julia wants to join the army which I can't understand.
    9. We would like to welcome everybody who has joined the cruise today.
    10. Are you sure that these parties have united?
    11. Where do the two streams join?
    12. Andrew joined us for a walk.
    13.I think I will join the club of young ecologists.
    14. Paul is a member of a football team now, he joined it not long ago.
    Exercise 33.
    1. Meeting at supper they always talked about politics.
    2. A lot of newspapers write about home (domestic) and foreign policy of states and about
    recent events in the world.
    3. I don't know much about her politics, we've never discussed them.
    4. I hope that all countries will pursue a policy of peace.
    5. My friend would like to go into politics (professionally).
    6. The policy of our company is to develop international cooperation.
    7. Honesty is the best policy.
    8. In this university they do politics, economics and law.
    9. I think you should work out your own policy on this question.

    10. Politics makes a serious influence on every person's life but we seldom think about it.
    11. Politics has/have never interested me.
    12. She wants to go into politics.
    13. The nationalization of industries is not government policy.

    Exercise 35.
    a) 3. 6. 5. 1. 4. 2. 7.

    Exercise 36.
    1. a country comprising 15 republics
    2. he approached the problems
    3. to encourage popular debate
    4. at first such policies were welcomed
    5. a summit
    6. cooperation
    7. dramatic cuts to nuclear weapons
    8. the proposals were not ignored
    9. bitter fighting
    10. the countries got greater autonomy
    11. Charter

    Exercise 37.
    1) badly needed reform
    2) to introduce two new policies
    3) to identify those areas that needed reform
    4) deep-rooted problems
    5) to solve problems

    6) to have an effect on relations
    7) a superpower
    8) a summit
    9) the proposals were not ignored
    10) troops were removed
    11) the effects were dramatic
    12) as travel restrictions eased
    13) decision to open the border ... had been made
    14) symbol of the divide
    15) countries representing the old divide

    Exercise 38.
    a) 1) a great deal of work (ice cream, water)
    2) a great number of chances (theatres, problems)

    Exercise 39.
    1. much more
    2. much more
    3. many more
    4. many more
    5. many more
    6. much more
    7. much more
    8. many more
    9. many more

    10. much more

    Exercise 40.
    A. 1. Jane brought him the very book he (had) wanted to buy.
    2. He is a member of the very political organization I have been speaking about. 3. Hob is the
    very DJ (disc jockey) who you liked at the disco yesterday.
    4. Suddenly in the crowd I saw the very lad who was wanted by the police.

    В. 1. I've got many/far more French videos than you.
    2. Mrs Prim is much/far younger than Mrs Davidson.
    3. Far/Many more children have seen the Harry Potter films than you say.
    4. With each year far/many more young people want to get higher education.
    5. Charles Snow is a far/much more famous politician than Greg Hardy.
    6. There exist many/far more species of this plant than you have mentioned.

    Exercise 43.
    1) to this end
    2) aspire to something
    3) cooperate or unite efforts
    4) to seek to do something
    5) to pledge
    6) generations to come
    7) to ban
    8) to violate the right

    Exercise 44.
    1. civilian
    2. refugee
    3. hostage
    4. prisoner of war
    5. treaty
    6. negotiations
    7. conference
    8. summit
    9. sovereignty
    10. integrity
    11. right

    Exercise 45.
    1) a lasting peace
    2) to aspire to peace
    3) to sign a treaty
    4) international security
    5) to gradually eliminate
    6) weapons of mass destruction
    7) to settle local conflicts
    8) troubled areas
    9) to ease tension(s)
    10) to encourage governments
    11) to recognize a right

    12) to declare a right
    13) to provide a right
    14) to implement a right
    15) to violate/abuse a right
    16) fair treatment
    17) to complain about sth

    Exercise 46.
    1. economic 2. economical 3. economic 4.economical 5. economical 6. economic 7. economic 8. economic
    9. economical 10. economical

    Exercise 50.
    1. How old are you? Where are you from?
    2. How early did you begin to take interest in peace movement?
    3. Why did you take part in anti-war movement? (What was your
    reason for ...?)
    4. Are there any other reasons?
    5. In what way do you participate in peace movement?
    6. Are you against any wars?

    Exercise 60.
    1. their place 2. ..., do they? 3. with their own 4. themselves 5. their own lunch 6. their own
    key 7. ..., shouldn't they?

    Exercise 62.
    108 Clayton Street 2) Love, Sandy 3) Mike Larsen 4) Dear Uncle Dave 5) Sincerely,
    Lou Martin 6) 516 River Road 7) March 12, 2005 8) Love, Nancy
    UNIT3
    Exercise 4.
    1. true 2. false 3. not mentioned in the text 4. true 5. false 6. false 7. false 8. not mentioned in the
    text 9. true 10. true 11. false 12. not mentioned in the text

    Exercise 6.
    1. b; 2. a; 3. c; 4. b

    Exercise 7.
    1. — E; 2. — С; 3. — A; 4. — D; 6. — B, 5. — extra

    Exercise 8.
    1. - B; 2. - C; 3. - D; 4. - E; 5. - A; F. - extra

    Exercise 9.
    1. c; 2. a; 3. c; 4. b

    Exercise 10.
    1) problem facing today's teenagers
    2) survey
    3) a telephone helpline
    4) causes of anxiety
    5) to fall out with somebody

    6) spokesperson
    7) to seriously affect mental health
    8) message 9) to rely on somebody
    10) can be devastating
    11) to be a thing of the past
    12) to access the site
    13) the pull of old friendship is enormous

    Exercise 12.
    A. 1. had been 2. Have you read 3. had walked 4. have you been 5. had finished/finished 6. have
    become 7. had read 8. had selected 9. had stolen 10. Has Mrs Boxel arrived?, had arrived, have
    you come 11. had broken 12. have waited 13. Have you had 14. have known, have been B. 1.got,
    had already started 2. had just sat, asked 3. had arrived/arrived, had 4. had left/left, began 5.
    gave, had had 6. reached, had closed 7. got, had known 8. looked, had slept 9. said, had been 10.
    didn't learn, was, had already won 11. was, had not called 12. came, had forgotten 13. bought 14.
    walked, burst 15. had shut C. 1. will/shall take 2. will/shall be 3. would be 4. will snow 5. would
    send 6. will/shall stop 7. will understand 8, would be 9. would win 10. will/shall work 11. will
    give 12. would not spend 13. would have to 14. will/shall leave, (will/shall) enter 15. will be able

    Exercise 14.
    1. when 2. than 3. when 4. than 5. when 6. than 7. when 8. than

    Exercise 15
    1. Hardly had the sun risen when the first passers-by appeared on the road.
    2. Scarcely had we entered the shop when I noticed the blue blouse I was (had been) dreaming
    about.
    3. No sooner had the travellers got to town than it got dark.
    4. Hardly had James seen the letter when he understood everything.
    5. I was telling my brothers what had happened to me. Scarcely had the story finished when I
    was asked to remember another story.

    6. No sooner had the plane taken off than the captain addressed the passengers.
    7. Hardly had I come to the door when I heard (some) strange voices.
    8. Scarcely had I answered the question when more hands rose in the classroom.
    9. No sooner had the car stopped than two policemen came up to it.
    10. Hardly had the music begun playing when everyone started dancing.

    Exercise 16.
    1. They started discussing the news after Mr Loveday had gone out of the room.
    2. Jenny took her dog Chase out as soon as she had finished her composition.
    3. Paul made a call to Lucy as soon as he had arrived at the gallery.
    4. Grace went to the living room when she had laid the child on the bed.
    5. I paid for a pair of fashionable gloves when I had selected them.
    6. Mr Harry Gras bought a Ford after he had got a loan in his bank.
    7. Fred's mother gave him her own mobile after he had lost his.
    8. Kelly caught a cold after she had got into a snowstorm.
    9. Gwen prepared a cup of tea for Charlie when she had listened to his reciting of the poem.
    10. Mrs Ray began delivering her lecture as soon as she came to her desk and opened her papers.
    11. Alice went out to meet her friend Wendy after she had translated the article.
    12. Fred left the shop after he had paid for his purchase.

    Exercise 18.
    1. — 2. a 3. the 4. — 5. — 6. the 7. an 8. —, — 9. the, the 10. a,— 11. the 12. — , the 13. — 14.
    a, the 15. - 16. - 17. - 18. a 19. a, - 20. -

    Exercise 19.
    1. a, — 2. — , a 3. a, — , — 4. a, — 5. a, — 6. —, a 7. a, — , a 8. a, — 9. — , a 10. — , a 11. —
    , a, — 12. — , a 13. a, —14. — , a, a 15. — , a 16. — , a 17. — , a 18. — , a 19. — , a 20. —, a

    Exercise 20.
    A. 1. I saw a big fish in the pond. 2. — Do fish fly? — No, they jump high above the water. 3.
    Ken has some tropical fish. 4. Fish is a kind of seafood. 5. There is some meat in the fridge, but
    there is no fish. 6. Two small silver fish swam past.
    B. 1. I like (am fond of) fried chicken. 2. There stood (was) a small yellow chicken near the hen.
    3. — Meat or chicken? — Sorry, I'd rather take fish. 4. When I lived at my granny's (with my
    granny), I had a chicken. 5. My father likes grilled chicken.
    С 1. Give me an apple, please. 2. There was a red apple and two pears in the vase. 3. Cut the
    apple. I'll make a pie. 4. The apple pie. was very tasty. There was a lot of apple in it. 5. a) —
    What's this? — This is apple for the pie. b) What are these? These are apples for the pie.
    D. 1. Potatoes were brought to Europe from Spain.
    2. My granny likes fried potatoes.
    3. I need a potato, two eggs and a few (some)| green onions for this salad.
    4. Sit down to table! We are having chicken and mashed potato for dinner.
    5. My sister is good at cook- ing pies with potato.

    Exercise 21.
    1. of 2. on 3. over 4. on 5. in, of 6. in/with 7. in 8. in 9. over 10. in 11. for 12. at 13. to 14. in, in
    15. to

    Exercise 22.
    A. 1. amendment 2. key 3. solution 4. invita- tion 5. exceptions 6. reaction 7. damage 8. attitude
    9. reply. 10. answer 11. addition
    B. 1.respect 2. love 3. reason 4. hope(s) 5. &ffecti6n 6. de- mand 7.desire 8. love/hate 9. need
    C. 1. holiday 2. diet 3. excursion 4. telephone 5. telephone 6. business 7. trip 8. tour 9. fire
    Exercise 23. 1. a, b; 2. a, b; 3. b, a; 4. a, b; 5. b, a; 6. b, a; 7. a,b; 8. b,a;9. b, a: 10. a, b; 11. b, a;
    12. a, b

    Exercise 24.
    1. boarding 2. different 3. explanations 4.Creation 5. impression 6. children 7. various 8.
    including are worried 10. keeping 11. independent 12. disadvantages 13.famous
    Exercise 25. 1. с; 2. b; 3. d;4.a; 5. b; 6. c; 7. c; 8. b; 9. d
    Exercise 26. 1. for 2. up/out 3. to 4. up 5. up 6. for 7.up/out 8. for 9. up/out 10. up 11. for 12. up
    13. for 14. to 15. up/out
    Exercise 27.
    1. I hope you'll speak up for me at the meeting.
    2. You haven't done your homework again. I'll have to speak to you after the lesson.
    3. I have explained my idea, now I'd like you to speak up/out.
    4. Please speak up, your classmates can't hear you.
    5. Human rights activists speak up for everyone's equality before the iaw.
    6. I speak here for all those whom you have helped.
    7. His wonderful work speaks for itself.
    8. You're the only one who spoke up for me when all the others criticized my work.
    9. Don't be shy, speak out/up. I'll be grateful to you for any criticism.
    10. Please speak for yourself. I can't say I like this idea.

    Exercise 30.
    1. provide 2. spreading 3. adult 4. obedience 5 accommodation 6. tends 7. referring 8. tramping
    9. voluntary 10. cast-off 11. cast 12. rebel 13. membership 14. dedicated 15. participants

    Exercise 31.
    1) - h; 2) - f; 3) — k; 4)-b; 5) - c; 6)-i; 7) - e; 8) - j; 9) - g; 10) - a; 11) - d

    Exercise 32.
    1. at 2. as 3. for 4. to 5. — 6. against 7. to 8. on 9. with 10. through 11. on

    Exercise 33.
    1. взрослые 2. разместить З. послушно 4. послушный 5. оснащение 6. бродяга 7.
    доброволец 8. добровольно вызваться 9. вызывающий 10. участвовать 11. участие 12.
    упоминание 13. справочный 14. привязанность 15. распространение 16. покрывало 17.
    паста

    Exercise 34.
    1 — е; 2 — h; 3 — f; 4 — с; 5 — а; 6 — g; 7 — b; 8-d

    Exercise 35.
    1. На уроке Роуз обычно сидела тихо, опустив глаза, пытаясь не привлекать к себе
    внимание.
    2. На твоем месте я бы выбросил из головы эту безумную мысль.
    3. Джим смог только мельком взглянуть на письмо, но понял, что письмо было адресовано
    ему.
    4. Попробуй восстановить в памяти разговор, который произошел между нами месяц
    тому назад.
    5. Газетная статья пролила новый свет на те давно забытые события.
    6. Этот дивный вид всегда очаровывает путешественника.
    7. Менее 20 процентов населения отдают свои голоса за кандидатов из консервативной
    партии.
    8. Робинзон Крузо был выброшен на берег необитаемого острова, где он прожил больше
    28 лет.
    9. Никто не обращал на меня внимания. Я понял, что меня игнорируют (что я отвергнут
    всеми).
    10. Новая информация ставит под сомнение честность господина Паркера.

    Exercise 36.
    a) 1) notorious: person, behaviour, lie, gossip, book
    2) rebellious: person, behaviour, attitude, country
    3) obedient: person, animal, behaviour, worker, servant
    4) adult: book, film, behaviour, views, person
    5) voluntary: job, help, service, movement, organization
    6) cast-off: clothes, shoes, book, toy, furniture
    b) 1) provide: food, water, clothes, equipment
    2) refer to: story, book, dictionary, encyclopaedia, person
    3) obey: person, command, words, rules, demands
    4) associate: words, face, book, person, melody, poem
    5) dedicate: book, work, deed, life, novel
    6) participate in: work, meeting, conference, activity, game
    c) 1) youth: morning, spring, the green colour, young birds and an- imals
    2) old age: autumn and winter, grey hair, illness, wisdom, slow movements, memories
    3) political activity: public life, responsibility, mass media, long speeches, corruption
    4) history: the Pyramids, excavations, old towns, libraries, volumes, old pictures
    5) school life: friends, lessons, teachers, discos, school bell, first love

    Exercise 37.
    1. You can hardly call his behaviour typical of adults.
    2. I'm not sure this motel can provide us with a night's ac- commodation.
    3. The fire spread rapidly and soon the greater part of the grove was in flames.
    4. Some Indian tribes rebelled against the government.
    5. Mister Abbott tended/used to give his cast-off cloth- ing to his nephews.

    6. The clerk referred me to the manager.
    7. There are some rouble-makers in my class. They disobey every- body and their rebellious
    behaviour is quite notorious in our school.
    8.Dr Wayberg is very dedicated to his work.
    9. A strange-looking tramp came to my mother and asked for some money.
    10. Hundreds of voluneers offered their help in planting trees.

    Exercise 40.
    a) 1. — b; 2. — e; 4. — a; 5. — d; 3. — extra

    Exercise 41.
    active participants; adult-led; dedicated to religious upbringing ; took up open-air tramping;
    cheap accommodation; a large membership worldwide; for developing their characters; their
    motto is...; became compulsory; leather-clad; achieved notoriety; several of these youth cultures
    were recycled

    Exercise 42.
    1) radical students 2) existing order of society 3) in this sense 4) reverence 5) sister organization
    6) train in va- rious useful skills 7) lighting a fire 8) developing the character 9) penknife 10)
    drainpipe trousers and crepe-soled shoes 11) rivals 12) vivid makeup 13) were recycled 14)
    uniformed 15) woodcraft investment 16) notorious youth cults 17) associated with the racism of
    the far right
    Exercise 43.
    1) woodcraft 2) a wood/woods 3) timber for ex- port 4) made of wood 5) in the forest/in the
    wood(s) 6) to be covered in forest 7) to import timber 8) woodcraft

    Exercise 44.

    1. Carl referred to his father as "Doctor Newton". 2. The city developed rapidly. 3. Joseph didn't
    like the people visit- ing him. 4. In his youth he preferred milk to all other drinks. 5. Permitting
    you to do this I demand absolute obedience. 6. Con- ferring these two figures I can say that Mr
    Morrison was right. 7. Tom regretted that he had done it. 8. Travelling about Britain I fell in love
    with this beautiful country. 9. The accident occurred at the beginning of October. 10. Our last
    lecture has been cancelled.

    Exercise 48.
    1) intolerant 2) inflexible 3) impatient 4) untidy 5) unashamed 6) independent 7) uncivilized 8)
    uncontrolled 9) unfair 10) impolite 11) unsupportive 12) unreasonable 13) unwilling 14)
    immoral 15) unbalanced Exercise 49. a) 1) intolerant 2) outrageous 3) self-assured, cocky 4)
    awkward 5) violent 6) impertinent, cheeky 7) flighty 8) scruffy 9) impatient 10) self-confident
    11) ambitious 12) re- jected 13) cynical

    Exercise 50. 1) pass through this stage 2) impertinent/cheeky 3) clumsy or awkward 4) loser 5)
    (to be) scared of being bullied or rejected 6) peers 7) (to be) shy/self-conscious 8) to treat sb like
    children 9) high and low self-esteem 10) to look cool 11) glamorous people 12) to become a net
    addict 13) to waste 14) to neglect school 15) to meet sb halfway 16) socialize 17)
    looks/appearance 18) social evil 19) gambling 20) attitude

    Exercise 51.
    1) конверт с заранее написанным обратным ад- ресом отправителя 2) самолюбование 3)
    эгоцентричный 4) одноцветный 5) самодисциплина 6) самоучка 7) само- мнение 8)
    себялюбие, эгоизм 9) человек, выбившийся из ни- зов, добившийся всего сам 10) смех над
    собой 11) неопрят- ность 12) жалость к себе 13) самоосуждение, самобичевание 14)
    самопожертвование

    Exercise 63.
    A. asking for information В. giving information С. giving advice

    Exercise 64.
    A — "What I like most in Portugal are the beaches." or "The best beaches are in Algarve."
    В — "Thank you for letting me have that old tricycle."
    С — "Twink will never win a prize, but she's my best friend."
    D — "I should like to invite you both to our school play "The Case for Two Detectives"."

    Exercise 69.
    b) Hi, Al! How is your trip? My friends and me are busy here. They all send their love to you.
    What are your plans for the rest of the holidays? Write, please. See you soon. Your Kerry.
    UNIT4
    Exercise 2.
    1. b; 2. b; 3. c; 4. b; 5. a; 6. b; 7. a; 8. a; 9. c;10. b
    Exercise 4.
    1) Marc's parents did. 2) His dad did. 3) All members of the family did. 4) His parents did. 5) His
    parents did.6) His mom did. 7) His visiting aunts and uncles did. 8) His grandparents did. 9) His
    grandparents did.
    Exercise 5.
    1. just 2. true 3. selfish 4. dedicated 5. quiet 6. easiest 7. quiet 8. honourable 9. own 10. wrong
    11. gentle 12. gentle 13. tough 14. tough 15. good 16. sad 17. highest 18. right 19. him 20.
    impatient 21. brave 22. big 23. fine
    Exercise 6.
    A. 1. false 2. true 3. false 4. true 5. true 6. true
    B. 1. false 2. true 3. true 4. false 5. true
    Exercise 7.
    1) - E; 2) - F; 3) — A; 4) - D; 5) - C; 6) - В
    Exercise 8.
    1. — b; 2. — a; 3. — c; 4. — c; 5. — c; 6. — b; 7. — a;
    Exercise 9.
    1. — b; 2. — e; 3. — f; 4. — d; 5. — a
    Exercise 10.
    1) a divorce rate
    2) broken homes
    3) emotional scars
    4) family relationships
    5) to feel relieved 6) to split (up)
    7) to be reincorporated into the family
    8) ever-adaptable
    9) to have a turn in doing sth
    10) to confide in sb
    Exercise 11.
    1) - e; 2) - i; 3)-b; 4)-j; 5) - c; 6)—a;7) - h; 8) - d; 9) - g; 10) - f

    Exercise 13.
    A. 1. is being made 2. is hurt 3. is being serviced 4. is not spoken; is categorized 5. are painted 6.
    is being interviewed 7. is liked 8. is being cleaned 9. is being sung 10. is often eaten
    B. 1. was put 2. was being laid 3. was being followed 4. was given 5. was being checked 6. was
    first translated 7. was being played 8. were still being decorated 9. was first staged 10. were put;
    (were) taken
    C. 1. has just been signed 2. had been blown 3. had been sold 4. has been made 5. had been
    packed; (had been) put 6. had been bought; had been done; had been warned 7. has been said 8.
    have been asked 9. has been lost 10. had been built
    D. 1. will be published 2. would be taken 3. will be used 4. will be chosen 5. would be occupied
    6. would be met 7. will be opened 8. would be given 9. will be raised 10. will be sent
    Exercise 14.
    1. a) Robert was refused the right to appeal.b) The right to appeal was refused to Robert.
    2. a) Larry was paid the debt. b) The debt was paid to Larry.
    3. Julia's offer was repeated to Charles several times.
    4. a) Alice was offered a cup of tea.b) A cup of tea was offered to Alice.
    5. A new plan was suggested to his friends by Frank.
    6. Typical mistakes were pointed out to the students (by the teacher).
    7. Three new paragraphs were dictated to the secretary (by Angela).
    8. The situation is described as extremely confusing.
    9. a) The new city was shown to me within a couple of days (by my friend).b) I was shown the
    new city...
    10. An exciting tour of the seaside places was proposed to the students.
    11. a) The shop assistant was paid fifty pounds for the book.
    b) Fifty pounds were paid for the book to the shop assistant (by Dan).
    12. a) Smoking is not allowed to people in most offices. b) People are not allowed to smoke in
    most offices.
    Exercise 15.
    1. The books by Dan Brown sell very well all over the world.
    2. My jeans wash easily.
    3. Sally's new skirt doesn't crease.
    4. I have had a fur coat for three years already. It wears very well.
    5. Dry leaves and tree branches burn easily.
    6. Such rolls bake fast.
    7. This new furniture sells very slowly.
    8. Nylon washes easily.
    9. Cotton cloth creases easily.
    10. Such jackets don't wear well.
    Exercise 16.
    1. The compromise is not felt easy to achieve.
    2. The ecologists are supposed to discuss a number of urgent problems.
    3. The news is expected to appear in all the newspapers.
    4. The minister is reported to take part in the talks.
    5. The place is thought to be popular with holidaymakers.
    6. The situation in the south of the country was declared to be dangerous.
    7. The conference is agreed to begin at eleven.
    8. The book is believed to sell well.

    9. We were suggested to take part in the show.
    10. The government spokesman is feared not to arrive on time.
    11. The roads are found to be too busy at rush hours.
    12. The article is hoped to appear in the April issue of the magazine.
    13. The term "artificial intelligence" is said to be often used in physics.
    14. Rose is believed to live in St. Petersburg.
    15. Alice is thought to like being close to nature and far from civilization.
    Exercise 18.
    1. Как полагают, самолет взлетел вовремя (порасписанию).
    2. Сообщают, что делегация осматривает достопримечательности города.
    3. Известно, что несколько человек погибли во время несчастного случая.
    4. Ожидают, что Джон прибывает в Лос-Анджелес в полдень.
    5. По общему представлению, Алик уехал из родного города.
    6. Как полагают, Джейн переводит сейчас статью сама.
    7. Говорят,
    что доктор Дэвидсон вылечил нескольких безнадежных пациентов.
    8. Сообщают, что «Арсенал» одержал победу в последнем матче.
    9. Господин Уильямс, по общему представлению, проиграл выборы.
    10. Как ожидается, художник уже завершает свой пейзаж.
    Exercise 19.
    1. а 2. — 3. the 4. а 5. — 6. the 7. the 8. а 9. — 10. — 11. the 12. а 13. — 14. а 15. the
    Exercise 20.
    1. the, the 2. — 3. —, —, — 4. —, the 5. the,the 6. -, -7. the 8. — 9. —, - 10. the 11. —, the 12.
    the,—13. the, — 14. the 15. the, the
    Exercise 21.
    1. a 2. — 3. — 4. — 5. — 6. — 7. the 8.-9.— 10. - 11. — 12. - 13. - 14. - 15. the 16. — 17. - 18.
    - 19. - 20. the 21. the 22. the 23. — 24. — 25. — 26. the 27. a 28. the 29. — 30. -31. a
    Exercise 22.
    1) the 2) the 3) the 4) the 5) the 6) the7)-8) the 9) the 10) the 11) the 12) the 13) the 14) the 15) 16) the 17) - 18) the 19) the 20) - 21) - 22) the 23) the 24)-25)-26) the 27) - 28) - 29) the 30) the
    Exercise 23.
    1. — 2. the 3. the 4. — 5. — 6. the 7. — 8. the 9. - 10. - 11. - 12. - 13. - 14. -, - 15. the 16. -, Exercise 24.
    1. The stranger was speaking in a low voice, I had the impression that he was afraid of
    somebody.
    2. In the summer a lot of theatres go on a tour of the country.
    3. If the bus doesn't come, we'll have to go home on foot.
    4. We could hardly hear the actor's voice, he was speaking in a whisper.
    5. I always keep a couple of dictionaries at hand doing my homework in English.
    6. Why don't we go for a swim this afternoon?
    7. The child put the
    toy back with a deep sigh.
    8. If you hadn't been driving at such a high speed, you wouldn't have had that terrible accident.

    9. Footnotes at the bottom of the page can give you some very interesting additional information.
    10. There were no flights from Heathrow on Friday as the air dispatchers were on strike.
    11. The room was in a mess, it looked like there had been a party in it.
    12. The ships are at sea at the moment but they will be back soon.
    Exercise 25.
    1. to 2. at/on 3. at 4. for 5. at 6. into 7. to 8. for 9. in 10. to 11. of 12.-13. to 14. — 15. of 16. to
    17. to 18. for
    Exercise 26.
    1. Овцы питаются травой.
    2. Джон поплатился за свою лень, не сдав экзамен.
    3. Фред страдает от зубной боли.
    4. На господина Андерсона можно положиться. Он всегда держит свои обещания.
    5. Генри подал заявление о поступлении в университет.
    6. Пожалуйста, сосредоточься (сконцентрируй свое внимание) на том, что ты печатаешь и
    перестань смотреть в окно.
    7. Алексу не понравилась еда, и он пожаловался шеф-повару.
    8. Сара поняла свою ошибку и извинилась перед учительницей.
    9. Внучка госпожи Армстронг пишет ей каждую неделю.
    10. Дети зависят от своих родителей, которые их кормят и одевают.
    11. Ты общался с врачом по поводу своей поясницы?
    12. — Где Катя? — Она разговаривает со своим приятелем по телефону.
    Exercise 27.
    1. I've been thinking about this problem for a long time, but I haven't found a solution to it yet.
    2. Diana left the city and we haven't heard from her yet.
    3. Recently I dreamed of (about) our old country house.
    4. I wonder who thought of roller skates.
    5. I wouldn't dream of climbing this mountain.
    6. It's strange that you haven't heard anything of (about) the recent events in South America.
    7. I was told that the film studio wanted (needed) an artist and thought of you.
    8. I don't know what licorice is, I've never heard of it.
    9. You shout at your dog, that's why it is afraid of you.
    10. A lot of my friends dream of (about) long travels (journeys).
    11. I'm very worried, I haven't heard from my English friends for a long time.
    12. The man on the other (opposite) bank of the river was shouting something to us, but we
    couldn't hear his words.
    Exercise 28.
    1. b, a; 2. a, b; 3. b, a; 4. a, b; 5. b, a; 6. b, a; 7. a, c, b; 8. b, a; 9. a, b; 10. a, b; 11. b, a; 12. b, a;
    13. b, a
    Exercise 29.
    1. our 2. mother's 3. peaceful 4. sunny 5. children 6. maturity 7. really 8. himself 9. hardly 10.
    ungrateful 11. utterly 12. feelings 13. nearly 14. us 15. loving
    Exercise 30.
    1. d; 2. b; 3. c; 4. c; 5. a; 6. c; 7. d; 8. c; 9. d; 10. b; 11. b

    Exercise 31.
    1. up with 2. up 3. out 4. on 5. off 6. on 7. up 8. out 9. on 10. off
    Exercise 32.
    1. I have made up my mind to put off my trip till next month.
    2. When are they going to put up a wall around the garden?
    3. She is very patient. She has been putting up with such a situation for so long!
    4. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
    5. Melanie was putting on her glasses in front of the mirror.
    6. How long did it take the fire brigade (firemen) to put out the fire?
    7. We can't change the bad weather, so we must put up with it.
    8. They are putting up a nice cottage at the river.
    9. You can't put the decision off any longer.
    10. They have put the price on petrol up.
    Exercise 35.
    1. rare 2. satisfy 3. dull 4. amuse 5. recite 6. treat 7. treat 8. gadgets 9. solemn 10. kneel 11. draw
    12. contented

    Exercise 36.
    1) - d; 2) - h; 3) - a; 4) - e; 5)-b; 6) - k; 7)-g;8)-j;9)-c; 10) -i; 11) — f
    Exercise 37.
    1. — 2. with 3. to 4. with 5. for 6. to 7. to 8.-9. from 10. to 11. —12. with 13. Exercise 38.
    1) запрещенный 2) декламирование З) удовлетворение 4) удовлетворенный 5)
    удовлетворяющий 6) удовлетворительный 7) торжественно 8) торжественность 9) лечение
    10) развлечение 11) забавный 12) оживленный
    Exercise 39.
    1. a) amused b) amusing
    2. a) boring b) bored
    3. a) associating b) associated
    4. a) dedicated b) dedicating
    5. a) entertaining b) entertained
    6. a) mentioning b) mentioned
    7. a) providing b) provided 8. a) referred b) referring
    9. a) satisfied b)satisfying
    Exercise 40.
    1. to talk one's head off
    2. to have one's head in the clouds
    3. to turn one's head
    4. to be head over heels in love
    5. to keep one's head
    6. to bury one's head in the sand
    7. to take something into one's head

    8. to knock one's head against a brick wall
    9. to have a good head on his shoulders
    Exercise 41.
    1. This symphony sounds solemn and a little sad.
    2. Unfortunately I don't know Mr Lynche's address, otherwise (or) I would write (would have
    written) him a letter.
    3. K. Malevich's pictures always attract attention of art lovers.
    4. Suzan, our rare and welcome guest, will tell you today about her new works.
    5. I can't stand (hate) people who treat animals badly.
    6. Leaving the stage he could not hide his contented smile.
    7. When the sun shines brightly, we draw the blinds and it becomes dark and cool in the room.
    8. There are not so many films that can amuse demanding viewers (a demanding audience).
    9. I hope everyone present is satisfied with the results of the conference.
    10. Each household should have its own traditions.
    11. Mike is the only breadwinner in the family and his life is not so easy.
    12. The tap has got rusty and I don't think I'll be able to turn it on without any gadget.
    13. The schoolgirls were strictly forbidden to wear jewellery (jewelry) at school.
    14. Isn't it too early to draw conclusions?
    15. The knight knelt before (in front of) the lady and said he loved her.
    16. We spent several dull days in the country and came back to town.
    17. The curtain of dull grey colour divided the room in two halves.
    Exercise 43.
    1. dull 2. boring 3. dull 4. boring 5. dull/boring 6. dull 7. boring/dull 8. dull 9. boring/dull 10.
    dull
    Exercise 44.
    Victorian Family Life, as the major part of the text is devoted to the problems of the family in
    Victorian England.
    Exercise 45.
    I. 1) The period in the history of the UK from 1837 to 1901.
    2) The development of the British Empire, the growth of its industry and trade did.
    3) Victorian England was (for using children's labour).
    4) Marriages were.
    5) The father of a Victorian middle-class family was.
    6) The father did.
    7) The youngest members of the family were not.
    8) The father did.
    9) Mama was.
    10) Amusements, games and picture books were.
    11) The Bible and books about saints were.
    12) The music halls were not.
    13) Many of the best children's stories.
    Exercise 46.
    1) is marked by great change
    2) the growth in industry and trade
    3) the development of the British Empire

    4) the gulf between the rich and the poor
    5) strict moral standards
    6) marriages were always permanent
    7) way of life
    8) to be satisfied with few pleasures
    9) beard or side-whiskers
    10) carved the joint of meat
    11) unless spoken to by a grown-up
    12) kept in order
    13) gadgets
    14) a lace cap
    15) took family prayers
    16) picture books
    17) public readings and recitations
    18) a very solemn day
    19) blind man's buff
    20) treasure
    Exercise 47.
    1. gazing 2. glared 3. glaring 4. stare 5. staring 6. glanced 7. gazed 8. gazing 9. glanced 10. stared
    Exercise 49.
    Traveling, skillfull, fulfill, color, favorite, theater,center, specter, program.
    Exercise 51.
    Sample: mutual love and understanding, the necessity to take care of the older members of the
    family, common interests, family business etc.
    Exercise 52.
    Victorian marriages were permanent because the moral standards of the country were very strict.
    Families were supposed to be a foundation of the society.
    Exercise 53.
    1) sister-in-law 2) next of kin 3) offspring 4) spouse 5) ancestor 6) to date 7) engaged 8) fiance
    or fiancee 9) bride 10) bridegroom or groom 11) newlyweds, a newlymarried couple 12) an
    arranged marriage 13) divorce 14) patience 15) to spoil 16) generation gap 17) custody
    Exercise 54.
    1) kinsfolk
    2) great-grandparents
    3) second cousin
    4) in-laws
    5) without kith or kin
    6) stepbrother
    7) to court sb 8) to reject sb/sb's proposal
    9) marriage of convenience
    10) ex-husband
    11) to have custody of a child
    12)to live together
    13) first-born (child)

    14) to raise children
    15) to avoid quarrels
    16) good and decent
    17) to deserve praise
    18) on the other hand
    19) to lose one's temper
    20) to punish severely
    21) to meet a halfway
    22) to render help
    Exercise 55.
    1. Greg is going to marry my sister.
    2. Sam and Sue got married last month.
    3. Mr Brown decided to marry his younger daughter to a priest.
    4. James has been married to my cousin for three years already.
    5. Robert married into a respectable family.
    6. Ann says she doesn't want to marry Richard.
    7.Andrew married Alice for love, not for money.
    8. Duty forbade them to marry (to get married).
    9. Princess Diana didn't know she would be unhappy when she was marrying into the royal
    family.
    10. Реорle marry (get married) later these days.
    11. Mark asked Emma to
    marry him but she said "no".
    12. The Smiths married their daughter to a professor.
    13. Rose got married in 2004.
    14. I'm married. I'm married to Tom's sister.
    15. I'm married. I'm married to my former classmate.
    Exercise 56.
    1. father-in-law (тесть)
    2. son-in-law (зять)
    3. sister-in-law (золовка)
    4. mother-in-law (свекровь)
    5. brother-in-law (шурин)
    6. sister-in-law (невестка)
    7. father-in-law (свекор)
    8. brother-in-law (деверь)
    9. sister-in-law (свояченица)
    10. son-in-law (зять)
    11. mother-in-law (теща)
    12. brother-in-law (свояк)
    Exercise 57.
    1. father-in-law (wife's father)
    2. sister-in-law (husband's sister)
    3. brother-in-law (husband's brother)
    4. mother-in-law (husband's mother)
    5. brother-in-law (husband of wife's sister)
    6. mother-in-law (wife's mother)

    7. daughter-in-law (son's wife)
    8. father-in-law (husband's father)
    9. a) daughter-in-law (son's wife) b) sister-in-law (brother's wife)
    10. brother-in-law (wife's brother)
    Exercise 58.
    1. My brother-in-law is a very lucky person.
    2. My spouse is very devoted to his family, I certainly appreciate this but I find my in-laws rather
    boring.
    3. There are few people without kith or kin (who have neither kith nor kin).
    4. Andrew proposed to Ann several times but she always rejected him (his proposal).
    5. People don't always marry for love. Nowadays marriages of convenience or marriages for
    money have become widespread.
    6. Don't you find it reasonable for a bride and a bridegroom to sign a marriage contract?
    7. When Bob's parents died, his grandmother got custody of her grandson.
    8. There were five children in my family and my parents always treated all of us equally and
    didn't have any favourites.
    9. If parents shout at their children and punish them severely, they make children feel low and
    may deprive them of self-respect and self-confidence.
    10. I love my grandparents. They are genuinely interested in my problems and make the
    atmosphere in our house cheerful and friendly.
    11. Aunt Dora spoils her children in every possible way.
    12. Will you make friends with a person who gives promises easily and doesn't keep them?
    Exercise 60.
    1. Брак — это лотерея.
    2. Браки совершаются на небесах.
    3. Жениться на скорую руку, да на долгую муку.
    4. За хорошим мужем и любая жена хороша.
    5. В каждой семье свои тайны.
    6. Пожалеть розгу и испортить ребенка (быть чрезмерно мягким).
    Exercise 64.
    1. b; 2. b; 3. а; 4. с; 5. а; 6. b
    Exercise 68.
    1. ...her son is mentally ill
    2. ...is passing away/I was sorry to hear about your mother-in-law
    3. ...has left Jane physically disabled.
    4. People who are mentally ill often live in psychiatric hospitals.
    5. Disabled people have...
    6. ...who has been living with AIDS for 26 years.
    7. ...in a psychiatric hospital.
    8. Psychiatric hospitals are establishments for people with mental disabilities.