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ȼȿɋɌɇɂɄ ɇɈȼɕɏ ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇɋɄɂɏ ɌȿɏɇɈɅɈȽɂɃ – 2010 – Ɍ. ɏVII, ʋ 3 – ɋ.189

189

Ɋɚɡɞɟɥ VI.
ɂɋɌɈɊɂə ɂ ɎɂɅɈɋɈɎɂə ɇȺɍɄɂ, ɂɋɌɈɊɂə ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇɕ, ɇȺɍɄɈȼȿȾȿɇɂȿ,
ȺɄɌɍȺɅɖɇɕȿ ȼɈɉɊɈɋɕ ɗɌɂɄɂ ɇȺɍɄɂ ɂ ȻɂɈɗɌɂɄɂ
ɍȾɄ 575
ȽɂɉɈɌȿɁȺ Ɉ ɉɈəȼɅȿɇɂɂ ȽȺɉɅɈȽɊɍɉɉɕ I ɇȺ ɊɍɋɋɄɈɃ
ɊȺȼɇɂɇȿ 54–45 Ɍɕɋəɑ ɅȿɌ ɇȺɁȺȾ

ɢ I2 – ɞɪɟɜɧɟɣɲɢɟ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ, ɢ ɢɯ ɨɛɳɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɤɢ ɠɢɥɢ ɪɚɧɟɟ 20
ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɞɚɥɶɲɟ ɢɯ ɫɥɟɞɵ ɬɟɪɹɸɬɫɹ.

Ⱥ.Ⱥ. ɄɅȬɋɈȼ*, Ⱥ.Ⱥ. Ɍɘɇəȿȼ**
ɋɬɚɪɟɣɲɟɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɨɣ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I
(ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ 54-45 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ). ȿɺ ɞɨɱɟɪɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɚ I2, ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɺɧɧɚɹ ɫɪɟɞɢ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ, ɢɦɟɟɬ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ 10525±1090 ɥɟɬ ɢ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɢɟɧɟɜɫɤɨɣ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɟ ȼɨɥɝɨ-Ɉɤɫɤɨɝɨ
ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚ. Ⱥ ɞɪɭɝɚɹ ɞɨɱɟɪɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɚ – I1 – ɢɦɟɟɬ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ
3650±800 ɥɟɬ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɜɨɥɨɫɨɜɫɤɨɣ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɠɟ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚ. ɋɟɣɱɚɫ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɨɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I ɫɪɟɞɢ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɤɨɥɨ 15 ɩɪɨɰɟɧɬɨɜ.
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɩɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ

Ɋɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɢɟ ɦɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɧɚ
Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ ɜ ɫɨɜɨɤɭɩɧɨɫɬɢ ɫ ɚɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ
ɫɤɟɥɟɬɧɵɯ ɨɫɬɚɬɤɨɜ (ɤɚɤ ɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɨ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɹɯ 1 ɢ 3 ɰɢɬɢɪɭɟɦɨɣ ɤɧɢɝɢ
– Ʉɥɺɫɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., Ɍɸɧɹɟɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. «ɉɪɨɢɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ
ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɢ, ɚɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɢ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɢ») ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ
ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɟɳɺ 45-40 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɚ, ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɟɳɺ
52 ɬɵɫɹɱɢ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ ɨɛɢɬɚɥɢ ɟɜɪɨɩɟɨɢɞɵ,
ɚɧɚɬɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɥɢɡɤɢɟ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɦɭ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɦɭ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɭ.
ɗɬɨ – ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ Ʉɨɫɬɺɧɨɤ. Ȼɨɥɟɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɟɫɬɶ
ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ ɨ ɧɟɩɪɟɪɵɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪ ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ ɫ ɬɟɯ ɩɨɪ ɢ ɞɨ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ. ɉɨɦɢɦɨ ɬɨɝɨ, ɟɫɬɶ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɢ ɷɬɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 35-30 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ ɜ
ɫɜɨɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɲɥɢ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɭ ɢ ɩɨɥɨɠɢɥɢ ɧɚɱɚɥɨ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɟ ɨɪɢɧɶɹɤɨɜ ɢ ɤɪɨɦɚɧɶɨɧɰɟɜ. Ⱥɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬ, ɱɬɨ
ɡɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɟ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ ɲɥɨ ɧɟ ɫ ɸɝɚ, ɚ ɫ ɫɟɜɟɪɚ, ɢɥɢ ɫ ɫɟɜɟɪɨ-ɜɨɫɬɨɤɚ.
ȼɫɹ ɫɨɜɨɤɭɩɧɨɫɬɶ ɷɬɢɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɧɚ ɞɪɟɜɧɸɸ ɩɨɩɭɥɹɰɢɸ ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɨɦ ɨɬ 50 ɞɨ 40 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ.
ɇɢɤɚɤɢɯ ɢɡ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ, ɩɨ ɫɨɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɦ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɢ, ɜ ɬɟ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɟ
ɦɨɝɥɨ ɢ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɥɨ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɩɥɨɬɶ ɞɨ ɜɪɟɦɺɧ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 15-10 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ
ɧɚɡɚɞ. ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɟ 20-12 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ ɩɨ ɸɝɭ
Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ ɦɨɝɥɚ ɩɪɨɣɬɢ ɦɢɝɪɚɰɢɹ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ R1a ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɭ, ɧɨ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɥɟɞɨɜ ɬɨɣ ɦɢɝɪɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɨ.
Ɇɟɠɞɭ 16 ɢ 10 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɠɟ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɦɨɝɥɚ ɩɪɨɣɬɢ
ɦɢɝɪɚɰɢɹ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ R1b, ɜɢɞɢɦɨ, ɨɫɬɚɜɢɜɲɚɹ ɪɹɞ ɩɚɦɹɬɧɢɤɨɜ
ɧɚ ɸɝɟ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ-ɍɤɪɚɢɧɵ 7-6 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ.
Ɂɞɟɫɶ ɠɟ ɪɟɱɶ ɢɞɺɬ ɨ ɜɨɪɨɧɟɠɫɤɨɦ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɟ 45-40 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ
ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɤɨɝɞɚ, ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɟɦ, ɧɢɤɚɤɢɯ ɢɡ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ ɛɵɬɶ,
ɩɨ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɦ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɦ, ɧɟ ɦɨɝɥɨ. Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɨɞɧɨɣ.
Ƚɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I, ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɫɬɚɪɟɣɲɚɹ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ ɢ ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ
ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ. Ɉɧɚ ɪɟɞɤɨ ɜɫɬɪɟɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɡɚ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɦɢ ɷɬɢɯ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɨɜ. ȼ
ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɧɚ ɨɯɜɚɬɵɜɚɟɬ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 20% ɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɨɝɨ
ɦɭɠɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ (ɪɢɫ. 1).
Ʉɚɤ ɩɨɫɬɭɥɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɢ, ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I ɩɨɹɜɢɥɚɫɶ ɜ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣ Ɇɟɫɨɩɨɬɚɦɢɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 50-40 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ ɢ
ɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɨɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɧɚɡɚɞ ɟɺ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ ɩɪɨɲɥɢ Ɇɚɥɭɸ Ⱥɡɢɸ ɧɚ
ɡɚɩɚɞ, ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢɫɶ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ ɢ ɡɚɫɟɥɢɥɢ ɟɺ ɫ ɸɝɚ ɧɚ ɫɟɜɟɪ. Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ
ɧɢɤɚɤɢɯ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɩɨɫɬɭɥɚɬɚ ɧɟɬ. ɇɢɤɚɤɢɯ
ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɤɚɤ ɢ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I ɩɟɪɟɲɥɚ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɭ
ɱɟɪɟɡ Ɇɚɥɭɸ Ⱥɡɢɸ, ɧɟɬ.
Ȼɨɥɟɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɫɚɦɨɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I* – ɬɨ ɟɫɬɶ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ I, ɚ ɧɟ ɟɺ
ɞɨɱɟɪɧɢɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ I1ɢ I2 ɫ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɚɦɢ, – ɫɪɟɞɢ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ
ɥɸɞɟɣ ɧɟ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɨ. ȼɢɞɢɦɨ, ɟɺ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ ɭɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɞɚɥɺɤɭɸ
ɞɪɟɜɧɨɫɬɶ, ɢ ɜɫɺ, ɱɬɨ ɦɵ ɜɢɞɢɦ ɜ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɢɤɚɯ, – ɷɬɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ
ɝɟɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɞɪɟɣɮɚ ɫ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ I1 ɢ I2. ɋɚɦɢ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1

*

ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ Ƚɚɪɜɚɪɞɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ (ɋɒȺ),
ɩɪɟɡɢɞɟɧɬ Ⱥɤɚɞɟɦɢɢ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɧɚɭɤ Ȼɨɫɬɨɧ – Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ, 05 ɧɨɹɛɪɹ
2009 ɝ.

**

Ɋɢɫ. 1. Ɋɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I ɤ ɡɚɩɚɞɭ ɨɬ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢ ɍɤɪɚɢɧɵ.

Ɋɢɫ. 2. Ɏɢɥɨɝɟɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I.

ɇɚɤɨɧɟɰ, ɩɨɫɬɭɥɚɬ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɢ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɡɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɟ
ȿɜɪɨɩɵ ɷɬɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɧɟɣɲɟɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɨɣ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɥɨ ɫ ɸɝɚ,
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɪɟɱɢɬ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ, ɩɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɡɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɟ
ȿɜɪɨɩɵ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɥɨ ɫ ɫɟɜɟɪɚ ɢɥɢ ɫɟɜɟɪɨ-ɜɨɫɬɨɤɚ, ɬɨ ɟɫɬɶ ɫɨ
ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ.

ȼȿɋɌɇɂɄ ɇɈȼɕɏ ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇɋɄɂɏ ɌȿɏɇɈɅɈȽɂɃ – 2010 – Ɍ. ɏVII, ʋ 3 – ɋ.190

ɋɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɹ ɜɫɟ ɷɬɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɦɵ ɩɪɢɲɥɢ ɤ ɜɵɜɨɞɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɚɡɭɦɧɵɦ ɢ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɭɟɬ ɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɟ
ɜɵɲɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I (ɜɢɞɢɦɨ, ɢɡ ɫɜɨɞɧɨɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ IJ) ɟɺ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ ɭɲɥɢ ɢɡ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣ Ɇɟɫɨɩɨɬɚɦɢɢ ɱɟɪɟɡ
Ʉɚɜɤɚɡ ɧɚ ɫɟɜɟɪ, ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɭɸ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɭ, ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 50 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ
ɧɚɡɚɞ. ɗɬɨ ɨɧɢ ɨɫɬɚɜɢɥɢ ɦɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ, ɷɬɨ ɨɧɢ ɛɵɥɢ (ɢ ɨɫɬɚɸɬɫɹ) ɟɜɪɨɩɟɨɢɞɚɦɢ, ɷɬɨ ɨɧɢ, ɱɚɫɬɶɸ ɩɟɪɟɣɞɹ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɭ ɫ ɫɟɜɟɪɨ-ɜɨɫɬɨɤɚ, ɮɢɤɫɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɧɚɲɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɤɚɤ ɨɪɢɧɶɹɤɢ ɢ ɤɪɨɦɚɧɶɨɧɰɵ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ,
ɧɚɱɢɧɚɹ ɫ 35-28 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ.
ɗɬɨ ɢɯ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɢ, ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ ɞɨɱɟɪɧɢɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ I1 ɢ I2,
ɢɦɟɸɬ ɨɛɳɢɯ ɩɪɟɞɤɨɜ ɩɪɹɦɵɯ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɥɢɧɢɣ
ɫɪɟɞɢ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ 10525±1090 (I2) – ɢɟɧɟɜɫɤɚɹ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ – ɢ 3650±800 (I1) – ɜɨɥɨɫɨɜɫɤɚɹ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ – ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ. ȼ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɤɨɚɥɟɫɰɟɧɰɢɹ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ
ɫɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɤ ɨɛɳɟɦɭ ɩɪɟɞɤɭ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ I1 ɢ I2, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɠɢɥ ɪɚɧɟɟ
20 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ – ɚɜɞɟɟɜɨ-ɡɚɪɚɣɫɤɚɹ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ ɢ ɨɪɢɧɶɹɤɫɤɢɦ ɤɪɭɝ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɷɬɨɣ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɵ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɧɭɤɥɟɨɬɢɞɧɨɣ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ȾɇɄ ɢ
ɬɢɩɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɟɺ ɧɚ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɢ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ ɭ ɫɤɟɥɟɬɧɵɯ ɨɫɬɚɧɤɨɜ
ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ Ʉɨɫɬɺɧɨɤ ɫ ɞɚɬɢɪɨɜɤɨɣ 50-45 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ. ɉɨɤɚ ɷɬɨ
ɧɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɦ, ɬɚɤ ɤɚɤ ɷɬɢ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ ɩɨɱɬɢ ɜɞɜɨɟ
ɩɪɟɜɵɲɚɸɬ ɬɚɤɨɜɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɢɬɚɧɢɹ ɜ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ ɧɟɚɧɞɟɪɬɚɥɶɰɟɜ. Ʉɪɨɦɟ
ɬɨɝɨ, ɩɨɤɚ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ȾɇɄ ɧɟɚɧɞɟɪɬɚɥɶɰɟɜ – ɡɚɞɚɱɚ ɮɚɧɬɚɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɫɥɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ. Ɍɚɤ ɱɬɨ ɩɨɤɚ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɚ ɨɫɬɚɺɬɫɹ ɝɢɩɨɬɟɡɨɣ, ɧɨ ɜɪɹɞ ɥɢ
ɱɬɨ ɟɺ ɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɝɧɟɬ ɞɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɜɟɪɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ.
Ⱥɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɨ ɩɪɟɟɦɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ
ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪ ɐɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɸɬ
ɧɚɲɭ ɜɟɪɫɢɸ. Ɍɚɤ, ɚɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝ Ɍ.ɂ. Ⱥɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɥɚ ɚɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ ɢɡ ɛɨɥɟɟ 100 ɩɨɝɪɟɛɟɧɢɣ, ɨɬɧɨɫɹɳɢɯɫɹ ɤ ɦɟɡɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɢ ɧɟɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚɦ – ɜɟɪɯɧɟɜɨɥɠɫɤɨɣ, ɥɶɹɥɨɜɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɜɨɥɨɫɨɜɫɤɨɣ – ɥɟɫɨɫɬɟɩɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɨɫɵ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ
ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ. Ⱥ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɤ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚɦ ɦɟɡɨɥɢɬɚ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɢ, ɑɟɯɢɢ
(ɦɨɝɢɥɶɧɢɤ Ʌɟɩɟɧɫɤɢɣ ȼɢɪ), ɘɝɨɫɥɚɜɢɢ (ɦɨɝɢɥɶɧɢɤ ȼɥɚɫɚɰ),
Ƚɪɟɰɢɢ (ɦɨɝɢɥɶɧɢɤ ɇɟɨ ɇɢɤɨɦɟɞɢɹ) ɢ ɋɟɜɟɪɧɨɣ Ⱥɮɪɢɤɢ (ɦɨɝɢɥɶɧɢɤ Ⱥɮɚɥɭ-Ȼɭ-Ɋɭɦɟɥɶ) (ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɝɪɟɛɟɧɢɣ ɪɢɫ. 3).

Ɋɢɫ. 3. ɋɬɨɹɧɤɢ ɦɟɡɨɥɢɬɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ: 1 – Ɂɜɟɣɧɢɟɤɢ, 2 – ɉɨɩɨɜɨ,
3 – ɘɠɧɵɣ Ɉɥɟɧɢɣ ɨɫɬɪɨɜ, 4 – Ʉɢɪɫɜɚ, 5 – ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜɤɚ I,
6 – ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜɤɚ III, 7 – ȼɨɥɨɫɨɜɫɤɨɟ. ɋɬɨɹɧɤɢ ɧɟɨɥɢɬɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ:
8 – ɂɜɚɧɨɜɫɤɨɟ VII, 9 – ɋɚɯɬɵɲ IIɚ, ɥɶɹɥɨɜɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ,
10 – ɋɚɯɬɵɲ IIɚ, ɜɨɥɨɫɨɜɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ, 11 – ɉɚɧɮɢɥɨɜɨ, 12 – ɑɟɪɧɚɹ ɝɨɪɚ,
13 – Ʌɚɞɨɠɫɤɚɹ ɫɬɨɹɧɤɚ, 14 – Ɂɜɟɣɧɢɟɤɢ, ɪɚɧɧɢɣ ɧɟɨɥɢɬ,
15 – Ɂɜɟɣɧɢɟɤɢ, ɫɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɨɡɞɧɢɣ ɧɟɨɥɢɬ, 16 – Ʌɨɜɰɵ, 17 – ȼɨɥɨɞɚɪɵ,
18 – Ʉɚɪɚɜɚɢɯɚ, 19 – Ȼɟɪɟɧɞɟɟɜɨ ɛɨɥɨɬɨ, 20 – Ⱦɪɨɧɢɯɚ, 21 – ȼɨɜɧɢɝɢ I,
22 – ȼɨɜɧɢɝɢ, 23 – ȼɚɫɢɥɶɟɜɤɚ, 24 – ȼɨɥɶɧɟɧɫɤɢɣ, 25 – Ⱦɟɪɢɢɜɤɚ,
26 – ɇɢɤɨɥɶɫɤɨɟ [2250].

ɉɨ ɦɧɟɧɢɸ Ɍ.ɂ. Ⱥɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɨɣ, «ɫɯɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɤɚɯ ɫɬɨɥɶ
ɜɟɥɢɤɨ, ɱɬɨ ɧɟ ɨɫɬɚɺɬɫɹ ɫɨɦɧɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɝɟɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɹɡɹɯ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɟɜɪɨɩɟɨɢɞɧɨɝɨ, ɹ ɛɵ ɫɤɚɡɚɥɚ, ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɚɪɯɚɢɱɧɨɝɨ

190

ɬɢɩɚ, ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚ ɬɟɪɪɢɬɨɪɢɢ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ ɢ ɞɚɠɟ
ɡɚ ɟɺ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɦɢ… ɉɪɟɟɦɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɦɟɡɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɢ
ɧɟɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɱɺɬɤɨ…
ɂɫɤɨɧɧɵɦ ɚɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɬɢɩɨɦ ɞɧɟɩɪɨ-ɞɨɧɟɰɤɢɯ ɩɥɟɦɟɧ,
ɧɟɫɨɦɧɟɧɧɨ, ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɨɥɢɯɨɤɪɚɧɧɚɹ ɟɜɪɨɩɟɨɢɞɧɚɹ ɦɨɪɮɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ… ɉɪɟɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɳɢɦ, ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɞɧɟɩɪɨ-ɞɨɧɟɰɤɢɦ
ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɦ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɨɥɢɯɨɤɪɚɧɧɵɣ ɟɜɪɨɩɟɨɢɞɧɵɣ ɤɪɚɧɢɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɢ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɛɵɬɶ ɫɜɹɡɚɧ ɫ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɩɚɥɟɨɥɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɟɦ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ» [1].
Ʉɚɤ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 4, ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I ɪɚɡɞɟɥɢɥɚɫɶ ɧɚ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 ɢ I2, ɨɛɟ ɨɧɢ, ɜ ɫɜɨɸ ɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ, ɧɚ ɫɜɨɢ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɵ,
ɨɛɳɢɦ ɱɢɫɥɨɦ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɞɜɚɞɰɚɬɢ. ɇɚ ɮɢɥɨɝɟɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ, ɱɬɨ «ɜɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɢ», ɢɥɢ «ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɨ-ɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɳɢɦɢ»
ɫɧɢɩɚɦɢ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ Ɇ170 ɢ Ɋ19. I ɫ ɧɚɞɫɬɪɨɱɧɵɦ *
(I*) ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ «ɧɢɫɯɨɞɹɳɢɯ» ɦɭɬɚɰɢɣ ɭ ɢɯ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɧɟɬ.
ɗɬɨ – ɩɪɹɦɵɟ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɢ ɩɟɪɜɨɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ. Ɍɚɤɢɯ ɭ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I* ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɨ, ɯɨɬɹ ɧɚ ɷɬɭ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɭ ɬɟɫɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɭɠɟ ɬɵɫɹɱɢ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ. ȼɢɞɢɦɨ, ɷɬɨ ɛɵɥɢ ɛɵ ɬɟ ɫɚɦɵɟ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɢ ɩɟɪɜɨɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ ɧɚ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɟ
ɞɨɠɢɥɢ ɞɨ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɜɪɟɦɺɧ.
Ɉɛɳɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɨɤ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɢɤɨɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I2 ɠɢɥ
ɨɤɨɥɨ 20 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 – ɧɚɦɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɡɠɟ, 3-4
ɬɵɫɹɱɢ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ. ɗɬɨ – ɜɵɠɢɜɲɢɟ ɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɢ ɡɚɫɟɥɢɥɢ ȿɜɪɨɩɭ. Ƚɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɧɟɦɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɨɜ
ɞɪɟɜɧɟɝɨ ɪɨɞɚ I1 ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬ ɧɚ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɭ 21400 ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɤɨɝɞɚ
ɠɢɥ ɢɯ ɨɛɳɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɨɤ, – ɜɪɟɦɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ Ɂɚɪɚɣɫɤɨɣ ɫɬɨɹɧɤɢ
(Ɇɨɫɤɨɜɫɤɚɹ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɶ). Ƚɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I2 ɜɫɬɪɟɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɧɚ
Ȼɚɥɤɚɧɚɯ («ɞɢɧɚɪɫɤɢɣ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ»), ɧɚ Ȼɪɢɬɚɧɫɤɢɯ ɨɫɬɪɨɜɚɯ, ɜ
ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɢ, ɧɚ ɋɚɪɞɢɧɢɢ, ɜ ȼɨɫɬɨɱɧɨɣ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ. Ƚɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I1
ɫɦɟɳɟɧɚ ɭ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɢɤɨɜ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɤ ɫɟɜɟɪɭ – ɧɚ Ȼɪɢɬɚɧɫɤɢɯ ɨɫɬɪɨɜɚɯ, ɜ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɢ, ɜ ȼɨɫɬɨɱɧɨɣ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ.
ɋɪɟɞɢ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I2 ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ 15%, ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 – 6,5%. ɗɬɨ – ɜɬɨɪɨɟ ɢ ɱɟɬɜɺɪɬɨɟ
ɦɟɫɬɚ ɩɨ ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɪɟɞɢ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ ɫɪɟɞɢ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ (ɬɪɟɬɶɟ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɡɚɧɢɦɚɟɬ «ɭɝɪɨ-ɮɢɧɫɤɚɹ», ɨɧɚ ɠɟ «ɭɪɚɥɶɫɤɚɹ»
ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ N1c). «ȼɨɡɪɚɫɬ» ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ I1 ɢ I2 ɫɪɟɞɢ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ
ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ ɦɵ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɢɦ ɧɢɠɟ, ɡɞɟɫɶ ɠɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɡɚɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ
ɫɜɨɞɧɨɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ I1 ɢ I2 ɭ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɧɨ ɨɬɱɺɬɥɢɜɨ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɜɟɬɜɢ ɷɬɢɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ (ɪɢɫ. 4).

Ɋɢɫ. 4. Ⱦɟɪɟɜɨ ɢɡ 117 ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ ɫɜɨɞɧɨɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I ɩɨ ɞɜɟɧɚɞɰɚɬɢ
ɨɛɥɚɫɬɹɦ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ, ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɨ ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ [Roewer et al.,
2008]. ɋɩɪɚɜɚ – ɦɨɥɨɞɚɹ ɜɟɬɜɶ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I2 (3000±380 ɥɟɬ ɞɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɩɪɟɞɤɚ), ɫɥɟɜɚ – ɜɟɬɜɶ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 (3650±800 ɥɟɬ ɞɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ
(ɫɪɟɞɧɹɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɜɟɬɜɢ), ɢ ɫɬɚɪɨɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I2 (10525±1090 ɥɟɬ ɞɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɩɪɟɞɤɚ) [3].

ȼȿɋɌɇɂɄ ɇɈȼɕɏ ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇɋɄɂɏ ɌȿɏɇɈɅɈȽɂɃ – 2010 – Ɍ. ɏVII, ʋ 3 – ɋ.191

Ⱦɪɟɜɧɹɹ ɜɟɬɜɶ I2 ɭ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɩɨɞɜɟɬɜɢ ɫ «ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɨɦ» 10525±1090 ɥɟɬ – «ɢɟɧɟɜɰɵ» – ɢ 3000±380
ɥɟɬ – «ɜɨɥɨɫɨɜɰɵ». ȼɟɬɜɶ I1 ɢɦɟɟɬ «ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ» 3650±800 ɥɟɬ. Ⱦɥɹ
I2 ɷɬɨ ɛɥɢɡɤɨ ɤ «ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɭ» ɜɨɫɬɨɱɧɨ-ɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɨɣ ɜɟɬɜɢ I2
10800±1200 ɥɟɬ. ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɫɤɚɹ ɜɟɬɜɶ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I2 ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɦɨɥɨɠɟ ɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ 6750±770 ɥɟɬ. Ɉɛɳɢɣ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I2, ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɺɧɧɵɣ ɢɡ ɷɬɢɯ ɜɟɬɜɟɣ, ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 15375
ɥɟɬ – ɠɢɬɟɥɢ ɞɪɟɜɧɟɝɨ Ɂɚɪɚɣɫɤɚ.
Ɉɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɦɫɹ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɟɟ ɧɚ ɬɨɦ, ɤɚɤ ɷɬɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɛɵɥɢ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɵ, ɢ ɧɚ ɨɛɳɟɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɟ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I.
ȼ ɞɚɥɺɤɢɟ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ, ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ 21 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɚ ɩɨ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɨɰɟɧɤɚɦ, 28 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɧɟɤɢɣ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ
I ɩɪɢɨɛɪɺɥ ɦɭɬɚɰɢɸ Ɇ253, ɨɧɚ ɠɟ Ɋ30, ɢ, ɫɚɦ ɬɨɝɨ ɧɟ ɡɧɚɹ, ɫɬɚɥ
ɩɚɬɪɢɚɪɯɨɦ, ɩɟɪɜɨɩɪɟɞɤɨɦ ɪɨɞɚ I1. ɗɬɨɬ ɪɨɞ ɫɟɣɱɚɫ ɧɚɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɟɬ
ɦɢɥɥɢɨɧɵ, ɟɫɥɢ ɧɟ ɞɟɫɹɬɤɢ ɦɢɥɥɢɨɧɨɜ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ ɜ Ɂɚɩɚɞɧɨɣ ɢ
ȼɨɫɬɨɱɧɨɣ ȿɜɪɨɩɟ.
ɉɪɹɦɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɤɨɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɧɚɣɞɟɧɨ, ɢɧɵɦɢ
ɫɥɨɜɚɦɢ, ɧɟ ɧɚɣɞɟɧɨ ɩɨɩɭɥɹɰɢɢ, ɨɛɳɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɨɤ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɭɯɨɞɢɥ
ɛɵ ɧɚ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɭ 28 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ. Ȼɨɥɟɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɧɟ ɧɚɣɞɟɧɨ ɩɨɩɭɥɹɰɢɣ I1 «ɫɬɚɪɲɟ», ɱɟɦ 4-5 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ (ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɢɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ). ȼɫɟ ɨɧɢ ɩɪɟɫɟɤɥɢɫɶ. ɇɨ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ ɜɵɠɢɥɚ,
ɩɭɥɶɫɢɪɭɹ ɜ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɟɺ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɟɣ, ɩɪɨɯɨɞɹ «ɛɭɬɵɥɨɱɧɵɟ
ɝɨɪɥɵɲɤɢ» ɩɨɩɭɥɹɰɢɢ, ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɹ ɫ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɧɚ ɦɟɫɬɨ, ɤɚɠɞɵɣ ɪɚɡ
ɧɚɱɢɧɚɹ ɫ ɧɨɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɜɵɠɢɜɲɢɯ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɨɜ.
ɉɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɜɵɠɢɜɲɢɟ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɢ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɥɢ ɫɜɨɢ ɫɧɢɩɦɭɬɚɰɢɢ, ɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɚɦɢ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɥɢɫɶ ɨɛɳɢɦɢ ɩɪɟɞɤɚɦɢ «ɤɭɫɬɚ» ɫɜɨɢɯ ɛɭɞɭɳɢɯ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɨɜ, ɬɨ ɷɬɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɥɨ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɵ. ɂɯ
ɫɟɣɱɚɫ ɧɚɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɸɬ ɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɟ I1 ɲɟɫɬɶ, ɤɚɤ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ.
2: I1* (ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ, ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɵ), I1a, I1b (ɫ
ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɨɦ I1b1), I1c, ɢ I1d. ȼ ɫɚɦɨɟ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ
ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɵ I1d1-P109, ɢ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ I1e-S79.
Ɍɚɛɥ. 1 ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɛɚɡɨɜɵɟ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 ɩɨ
ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɦ, ɛɟɡ ɭɱɺɬɚ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɨɜ, ɢ ɪɚɫɱɺɬ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɩɨ ɷɬɢɦ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɦ. ɋɬɪɨɝɨ ɝɨɜɨɪɹ, ɷɬɨ ɧɟɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɧɨ, ɟɫɥɢ
ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɵ ɞɪɟɜɧɢɟ. Ɍɨɝɞɚ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɫɱɺɬɚɯ, ɩɨɬɨɦɭ ɱɬɨ ɞɜɚ ɞɚɠɟ ɨɞɢɧɚɤɨɜɵɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɚ ɢɡ ɞɜɭɯ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɨɜ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɞɪɟɜɧɟɟ, ɱɟɦ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ
ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɚ. ɇɨ ɷɬɨ ɭ ɞɜɭɯ ɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ. Ɇɵ ɠɟ
ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɦ ɩɪɟɞɤɨɜɵɟ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ. ɂ ɟɫɥɢ ɜ ɞɜɭɯ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ
ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɯ ɨɞɢɧɚɤɨɜɵ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɤɨɜɵɟ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ, ɢ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɩɪɟɞɤɚ, ɬɨ ɷɬɨ ɨɞɢɧ ɢ ɬɨɬ ɠɟ ɨɛɳɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɨɤ. Ɍɨɝɞɚ, ɫɤɨɪɟɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ,
ɷɬɢ ɩɨɩɭɥɹɰɢɢ ɜ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚɯ ɨɬɧɨɫɹɬɫɹ ɤ ɨɞɧɨɦɭ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɭ,
ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɫɶ ɞɪɭɝɨɝɨ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɚ ɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɚ ɢ ɧɟ ɢɫɤɚɠɚɟɬ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɪɚɫɱɺɬɨɜ, ɥɢɛɨ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɥɫɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɧɟɞɚɜɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɬɨɠɟ ɧɟ ɦɟɲɚɟɬ ɪɚɫɱɺɬɚɦ.
Ɍɚɛɥ. 1 ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɜɫɹ ȿɜɪɨɩɚ, ɤɪɨɦɟ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɢ,
ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɠɢɥ 3325±115 ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ
(ɟɫɥɢ ɧɟ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ ɜ ɪɚɫɱɺɬ ɩɨɝɪɟɲɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ). ɗɬɨ ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɚ – I1c.
ɇɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɦɟɫɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɨɜ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɢɫɤɚɠɚɬɶ ɜɵɛɨɪɤɭ ɢ «ɭɞɪɟɜɧɹɬɶ» ɟɺ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ.
ɂɧɚɱɟ ɝɨɜɨɪɹ, Ȼɪɢɬɚɧɫɤɢɟ ɨɫɬɪɨɜɚ, ɐɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ȿɜɪɨɩɚ,
Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ ɢ ȼɨɫɬɨɱɧɚɹ ȿɜɪɨɩɚ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ, – ɷɬɨ ɟɞɢɧɵɣ ɪɟɝɢɨɧ. ȼɫɟ ɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ ɝɚɩɥɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1 ɬɚɦ –
ɩɨɬɨɦɤɢ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɠɢɥ ɜ ɤɨɧɰɟ ɩɪɨɲɥɨɣ ɷɪɵ,
(ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c).
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1
25-ɦɚɪɤɟɪɧɵɟ ɛɚɡɨɜɵɟ (ɩɪɟɞɤɨɜɵɟ) ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ I1-M253.
ȼɫɟ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ – ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞɚ I1c (ɜ ɧɢɠɧɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɵ).
ȼɪɟɦɹ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɫɬɚɪɟɣɲɟɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɟ I1 – ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ
21400 ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ.
ɉɨɩɭɥɹɰɢɹ
Ⱥɧɝɥɢɹ, ɂɪɥɚɧɞɢɹ, ɒɨɬɥɚɧɞɢɹ
ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɹ (Ⱦɚɧɢɹ, ɒɜɟɰɢɹ, ɇɨɪɜɟɝɢɹ,
Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɹ)
ɐɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ȿɜɪɨɩɚ (Ⱥɜɫɬɪɢɹ, Ȼɟɥɶɝɢɹ,
ɇɢɞɟɪɥɚɧɞɵ, Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɹ, ɑɟɯɨɫɥɨɜɚɤɢɹ, ȼɟɧɝɪɢɹ,
ɂɬɚɥɢɹ, Ƚɪɟɰɢɹ, Ɋɭɦɵɧɢɹ, ɂɫɩɚɧɢɹ, ɒɜɟɣɰɚɪɢɹ)
ȼɨɫɬɨɱɧɚɹ ȿɜɪɨɩɚ (ɉɨɥɶɲɚ, ɍɤɪɚɢɧɚ,
Ȼɟɥɨɪɭɫɫɢɹ, ɗɫɬɨɧɢɹ, Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ, Ʌɢɬɜɚ)
Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ
Ȼɥɢɠɧɢɣ ȼɨɫɬɨɤ (ɂɨɪɞɚɧɢɹ, Ʌɢɜɚɧ,
Ɍɭɪɰɢɹ, ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɟɜɪɟɟɜ)
ɋɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c

ȼɪɟɦɹ ɞɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɩɪɟɞɤɚ, ɥɟɬ
3425±350 (ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c)
3375±350 (ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c)
3425±350 (ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c)
3225±360 (ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c)
3225±330 (ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c)
3475±480 (ɫɭɛɤɥɚɞ I1c)
2275±330

191

Ɍɨɥɶɤɨ ɨɞɢɧ ɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢɣ ɪɟɝɢɨɧ, ɚ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɹ
(Ⱦɚɧɢɹ, ɒɜɟɰɢɹ, ɇɨɪɜɟɝɢɹ, Ɏɢɧɥɹɧɞɢɹ), ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬ ɧɟɨɛɵɱɧɭɸ ɩɚɪɭ
ɫ Ȼɥɢɠɧɢɦ ȼɨɫɬɨɤɨɦ (ɂɨɪɞɚɧɢɹ, Ʌɢɜɚɧ, Ɍɭɪɰɢɹ ɢ ɟɜɪɟɢ ɛɥɢɠɧɟɜɨɫɬɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ). ɉɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɷɬɢ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɬ
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɛɢɛɥɟɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɢɫɯɨɞɚ ɢɡ ȿɝɢɩɬɚ, ɢ ɜ ɥɸɛɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ
ɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɟɜɪɟɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɢɡ «ɪɚɡɧɨɩɥɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɧɚɪɨɞɨɜ»,
ɤɚɤ ɩɨɜɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ Ȼɢɛɥɢɹ, ɱɬɨ ɬɚɤ ɢ ɛɵɥɨ ɧɚ ɫɚɦɨɦ ɞɟɥɟ, ɧɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨ
ɨɬ Ȼɢɛɥɢɢ, ɬɨ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɞɨɝɚɞɵɜɚɬɶɫɹ, ɱɬɨ ɜ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɷɬɢɯ ɪɚɡɧɨɩɥɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɧɚɪɨɞɨɜ ɛɵɥɢ ɢ ɜɵɯɨɞɰɵ ɢɡ ɞɪɟɜɧɟɣ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ. Ⱥ ɜɨɬ ɩɨɱɟɦɭ
ɞɪɟɜɧɹɹ, ɢɫɱɟɡɧɭɜɲɚɹ ɥɢɧɢɹ I1 ɞɚɥɚ ɞɪɟɜɧɢɣ ɠɟ ɜɵɛɪɨɫ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɨɜ
ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɸ – ɦɵ ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɡɧɚɟɦ. ɇɨ ɡɧɚɟɦ, ɱɬɨ ɞɜɟ
ɦɭɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ 25-ɦɚɪɤɟɪɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɤɨɜɵɯ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɚɯ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɟɣ ɢ Ȼɥɢɠɧɢɦ ȼɨɫɬɨɤɨɦ ɩɨɦɟɳɚɟɬ ɂɏ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɧɚ 4000
ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ, ɬɨ ɟɫɬɶ ɧɚ 500-600 ɥɟɬ ɪɚɧɶɲɟ ɜɪɟɦɺɧ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɬɟɯ, ɤɬɨ ɷɬɢ
ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɩɪɢɧɺɫ ɜ ɋɤɚɧɞɢɧɚɜɢɸ ɢ ɧɚ Ȼɥɢɠɧɢɣ ȼɨɫɬɨɤ.
ɇɚɤɨɧɟɰ, ɟɫɬɶ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɚɹ ɝɪɭɩɩɚ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ
I1, ɜɫɟ ɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢɟ (Ɏɪɚɧɰɢɹ, Ⱥɧɝɥɢɹ, ɒɜɟɣɰɚɪɢɹ, Ƚɪɟɰɢɹ,
Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɉɨɥɶɲɚ), ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɪɚɡɛɟɝɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɦɭɬɚɰɢɹɦ ɧɚɫɬɨɥɶɤɨ, ɱɬɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɧɨ 21400 ɥɟɬ ɞɥɹ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɛɟɝɚ. ɗɬɨ ɢ
ɟɫɬɶ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ ɫɬɚɪɟɣɲɟɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɤɚ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ ɝɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɨɜ ɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɟ I1.
Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɫɬɚɪɟɣɲɟɣ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɨɣ Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɢɧɵ
ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɚ I (ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ 54-45 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ). ȿɺ ɞɨɱɟɪɧɹɹ
ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɚ I2, ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɺɧɧɚɹ ɫɪɟɞɢ ɷɬɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ, ɢɦɟɟɬ
ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ 10525±1090 ɥɟɬ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɢɟɧɟɜɫɤɨɣ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɟ ȼɨɥɝɨ-Ɉɤɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚ. Ⱥ ɞɪɭɝɚɹ ɞɨɱɟɪɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɚ – I1 – ɢɦɟɟɬ ɜɨɡɪɚɫɬ 3650±800 ɥɟɬ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɜɨɥɨɫɨɜɫɤɨɣ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɠɟ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚ. Ɉɛɳɢɣ
ɩɪɟɞɨɤ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩ I1 ɢ I2 ɠɢɥ ɪɚɧɟɟ 20 ɬɵɫɹɱ ɥɟɬ ɧɚɡɚɞ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɧɨɫɢɦ ɫ ɚɜɞɟɟɜɨ-ɡɚɪɚɣɫɤɨɣ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɨɣ ȼɨɥɝɨɈɤɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɢɨɧɚ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫ ɨɪɢɧɶɹɤɫɤɢɦ ɤɪɭɝɨɦ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ. ɋɟɣɱɚɫ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɬɨɦɤɨɜ ɝɚɩɥɨɝɪɭɩɩɵ
I ɫɪɟɞɢ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɤɨɥɨ 15-ɬɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɧɬɨɜ.
Ʌɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ

1. Ⱥɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɚ, Ⱥɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɚ Ɍ.ɂ., ɇɟɨɥɢɬ ɥɟɫɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɨɫɵ ȼɨɫɬɨɱɧɨɣ ȿɜɪɨɩɵ (Ⱥɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɋɚɯɬɵɲɫɤɢɯ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɤ). - Ɇ.: ɇɚɭɱɧɵɣ ɦɢɪ, 1997.
2. Ʉɥɺɫɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ., Ɍɸɧɹɟɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. ɉɪɨɢɫɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ ɩɨ
ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɚɪɯɟɨɥɨɝɢɢ, ɚɧɬɪɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɢ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɢ. Ȼɨɫɬɨɧ Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ: 2009.
3. Ʉɥɺɫɨɜ Ⱥ.Ⱥ. Ƚɚɩɥɨɬɢɩɵ ɸɠɧɵɯ ɢ ɛɚɥɬɢɣɫɤɢɯ ɪɭɫɫɤɢɯ
ɫɥɚɜɹɧ: ɱɟɬɜɟɪɨ ɩɥɟɦɟɧ? (ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɚɹ ɢ ɢɫɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɚɹ ɜɟɪɫɢɹ).
ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ⱥɤɚɞɟɦɢɢ ȾɇɄ-ɝɟɧɟɚɥɨɝɢɢ (ISSN 19427484), 2009. Ɍ. 2, ʋ5, 801–815.
4. Roewer, L., Willuweit, S., Krüger, C., Nagy, M., Rychkov, S.,
Morozowa, I., Naumova, O., Schneider, Y., Zhukova, O. Stoneking,
M., Nasidze, I. Analysis of Y chromosome STR haplotypes in the
European part of Russia reveals high diversities but non-significant
genetic distances between populations. Int. J. Legal Medicine, 2008.
122 (3), 219–23.
HYPOTHESIS FOR THE APPEARANCE OF HAPLOGROUP I ON THE
RUSSIAN PLAIN 54-45 THOUSAND YEARS AGO
A.A. KLYOSOV*, A.A. TYUNYAEV**
* Professor at Harvard University (USA),
** President of the Academy of Fundamental Sciences Boston - Moscow,
November 05, 2009

The oldest haplogroup of the Russian Plain is haplogroup I (age
of 54-45 thousand years). Its subgroup I2, which is widespread among
the ethnic Russian, has an age of 10,525±1,090 years and corresponds
to Ienevo archaeological culture of the Volga-Oka region. While its
another subgroup I1 has an age of 3,650±800 years and corresponds to
Volosovo archaeological culture of the same region. Today, the
number of Haplogroup I descendants among the Russian population is
about 15 percent.
Key words: appearance of haplogroup.