Английский язык письм. Вариант 1

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Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Единый государственный экзамен
по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Инструкция по выполнению работы

Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх
разделов («Аудирование», «Чтение», «Грамматика и ле ксика», «Письмо»),
включающих в себя 40 заданий. На выполнение экзаменационной работы отводится 3 ча са (180 минут).
Ответы к заданиям 3–9, 12–18 и 32–38 записываются п о приведённому
ниже образцу
в виде одной цифры, которая соответствует номеру
правильного ответа. Эту цифру запишите в поле ответ а в тексте работы,
а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.

Ответ:
2


Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 10, 11 записываются по прив едённому ниже
образцу
в виде последовательности цифр. Эту последовательн ость цифр
запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем пер енесите в бланк
ответов № 1.

A B C D E F
Ответ:
5 2 4 1 7 3



Ответы к заданиям 19–31 записываются по приведённом у ниже образцу
в виде слова (нескольких слов). Ответ запишите в по ле ответа в тексте
работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.
Ответ:
DO NOT KNOW
.
Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из 2 заданий (39 и 40) и представляет собой
небольшую письменную работу (написание личного пись ма и письменного
высказывания с элементами рассуждения). В бланке от ветов № 2 укажите
номер задания и запишите ответ к нему.
Все бланки ЕГЭ заполняются яркими чёрными чернилами.
Допускается использование гелевой или капиллярной р учки.
При выполнении заданий можно пользоваться черновико м. Записи
в черновике, а также в тексте контрольных измерител ьных материалов
не учитываются при оценивании работы.
Баллы, полученные Вами за выполненные задания, сумми руются.
Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и н абрать наибольшее
количество баллов. После завершения работы проверьте, чтобы ответ на к аждое задание
в бланках ответов № 1 и № 2 был записан под правиль ным номером.
Желаем успеха!


КИМ

Бланк

КИМ

Бланк

КИМ

Бланк

Открытый вариант 1


Раздел 1. Аудирование Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1.
Time travel might be very risky.



2.
Time travel is probably impossible.



3. Time travel may be a chance to live in another epoc
h.


4.
Time travel has more pros than cons.



5.
A time machine can help us learn about our past.



6.
We need to wait to be able to travel through time.



7.
A time machine is a chance to see the future.


Говорящий
A
B
C
D
E

F

Утверждение


& % Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False ) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании те кста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа ( 3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблиц у. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A.
John and Sandra live in the UK.


B.
John is pessimistic about the weather for the next week.


C.
Sandra’s parents travel very often.


D.
It’s Sandra’s first visit to Thailand.


E.
The best time to visit the floating markets is the midday.


F.
Sandra’s mother didn’t buy anything in Bangkok.


G. John thinks it’s not worth going to Bangkok’s market s.



Утверждение
A
B
C
D
E

F
G

Соответствие диалогу


& %
1 2

Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. В ы услышите запись дважды. What do we learn about Peter Green at the beginning of the interview?


1)
He has no experience of working in Hollywood.



2)
His parents were quite rich people.



3)
His childhood years weren’t easy.


Ответ: & % How does Peter describe himself at the beginning of
his TV career?


1)
Uneducated.



2)
Inexperienced.



3)
Discouraged.


Ответ: & % What helped Peter to get his first TV job?


1)
Writing 25 scripts.



2)
Meeting a TV boss.



3)
Doing things his way.


Ответ: & % What did Peter feel while working on his first proj
ect?


1)
Confidence.



2)
Enthusiasm.



3)
Uncertainty.


Ответ: & %
3 4 5 6
Открытый вариант 1

How does Peter’s teaching experience help him be a
producer?


1)
He learnt teambuilding techniques at school.



2)
He knows how to deal with different people.



3)
He can be a strict mentor for his team now.


Ответ: & % Which of the following is TRUE about Peter at work?


1)
He is ready to build up his team.



2)
He has a low opinion of TV in general.



3)
He never invites any freelancers.


Ответ: & % What does Peter dislike about his present job?


1)
Having to travel to and from work.



2)
Having too many colleagues.



3)
Having to work very quickly.


Ответ: По окончании выполнения заданий 1–9 не забудьте пере
нести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа о т номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов на задания 1 и 2 цифры записываются без проб елов, запятых

и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной
клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

& %
7 8 9

Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Раздел 2. Чтение Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую ц ифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний .

1.
Different terms


5.

What is obesity



2.
The importance of sleep


6.

Sleep and obesity



3.
Lack of sleep


7.

Emotions and sleep



4.
Reasons to be active


8.

How long to sleep


A.
When a person has excess weight or body fat, this m ight affe
ct their health. It is
usually caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are stored as fat. Obesity is a medical condition. It was first recognized as a disease in 1948 by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Obe
se people suffer from a large number of diseases. In most people, obesity is
caused by eating too much and moving too little. Th ere are different types of obesity.



B.
It’s never too late to become more physically activ e. Physical activity
refers to
any movement of the body that uses energy. It can i nclude housework, walking and gardening. Exercise is a kind of physical activ ity.
It is planned and
repetitive.
Examples of exercise are going to the gym and runn ing on a
treadmill. If you are interested in maintaining good health, physical activity can be a great place to start. If you want to ac
hieve fitness goals, you will need to
incorporate structured exercise into your routine.



C.
Exercising regularly is one of the most important t hings you can do for your health. In the short term, exercise helps to control appetite, boost mood and improve sleep. In the long term, it reduces the ris k of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, dement
ia and depression. Exercise plays a vital role in building and
maintaining strong muscles and bones. Regular exerci se also increases your chances of living longer. There are many types of physical activity, including swimming, running, jogging, walking and dancing.



D.
Sleep plays an essential role in your health and we ll-being. Getting enou
gh
good quality sleep has many benefits. It protects your physical and mental health, quality of life and personal safety. When we sleep, our brain lays down memory, restores daytime mental functioning and car ries out processes that lead to physical growth
. Poor sleep is strongly linked to weight gain. People
with short sleep duration tend to weigh significantly more than those who get adequate sleep. Mental health issues are strongly linked to poor sleep quality.


10
Открытый вариант 1

E.

Sleep is a vital indicator of overall health and we ll-
being. On average, adults
should optimally receive between seven and n
ine hours of sleep each night, but
those needs vary individually. For example, some pe ople feel best with eight consecutive hours of sleep, while others do well with six to seven hours at night and daytime napping. Some people feel okay wh en their sleep sc
hedule
changes, while others feel strongly affected by a new schedule or even one night of insufficient sleep.



F.
Obesity develops when energy intake is greater than expenditure. Diet and physical activity play an important part in this. However, an additional factor may be inadequate sleep. A growing body of research suggests that there’s
a
link between how much people sleep and how much the y weigh. In general, children and adults who get too little sleep tend to weigh more than those who get enough sleep. People who don’t get enough sleep may take in more calories than those who do, simply
because they are awake longer and have more
opportunities to eat.



G. People find it h
arder to fall asleep when they are anxious and sad. The
relationship between mood disorders and quality sleep is a complex, two-
way
street. Just as negative mood states can make getting a good night’s sleep a virtual impossibility, insufficient sleep can l
ead to depression. Regardless of
which comes first, the end result is that a blue mood and poor sleep go hand-in- hand. The amount and quality of our sleep can play a huge role in our mental health including how we feel and how we act toward other people.



A B C D E F G

Ответ: & %

Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя . Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части п редложений, в таблицу.

State History Museum
The State History Museum is the largest historical museum in Russia. It is
situated at the northern end of Red Square in the h eart of Moscow. What once was the
Principal Medicine Store now houses a huge collecti on A_______________________
the Stone Age. It was founded in 1872 and opened to the public in 1883. The
museum is housed in a neo-Russian style building, B_______________________.
It is one of the most prominent buildings in Red Squ are. Each room is in the style
of a different period or region. The walls in some rooms are decorated in the style
of Russian churches. The impressive collection of the State History Muse um includes relics of
prehistoric tribes C_______________________ present-day Russia. The exhibits
about medieval Russia are excellent. Several rooms of this period cover the
Mongol invasions D_______________________.
The 2nd floor is dedicated to the Imperial period. The exhibits include
personal items of the royal family members, furnitu re and decoration from the
palace interiors. There are also various pieces of artworks and documents from the
era. Specific rooms are dedicated to the reigns of various tsars. An unexpected
highlight is an exhibition E_______________________ by examining the growing
network of roads and how people travelled in the pa st. The State History Museum
has also the country’s largest coin collection, the 6th-century manuscripts and
artworks F_______________________ during their reign.

1.
and the consolidation of the Russian state



2.
and cave paintings of prehistoric times



3.
which is an attraction in its own right



4.
addressing the expansion of the Russian Empire



5.
that were collected by the Romanov dynasty



6.
covering Russian history since the time of



7.
that once inhabited the big territory of



A B C D E F
Ответ: & %
11
Открытый вариант 1

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания
12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Agatha Christie’s secret life as an archaeologist
She is one of the best-known crime writ ers of all time, but few know the
extent of Agatha Christie’s archaeological pedigree. What can we discover if we
dig into her past?
Married in 1930 to Max Mallowan, an emi nent archaeologist, Christie
spent two decades living on excavation sites in the Middle East, writing her crime
novels and helping out with her husband’s work. Tra vel by boat and on the Orient
Express to Cairo, Damascus and Baghdad provided ideas for some of Christie’s
best-known works of detective fiction, including “M urder on the Orient Express”,
“Death on the Nile”, and “Murder in Mesopotamia”.
Now, 3,000-year-old ivory artifacts recove red by Mallowan between 1949
and 1963 from the ancient city of Nimrud, in what i s now Iraq, and likely cleaned
by his famous wife using cotton wool buds and face cream, are currently on
display at the British Museum in London. “Face cream in fact is quite a good thing
to clean (artifacts) with. Obviously conservators n ow wouldn’t use that, but I don’t
think it has done (the pieces) any harm,” he claimed, addin g that in fact it was
quite resourceful of Christie to think of applying h er Innoxa face cream to the
fragile, dirty pieces. “Agatha, who was very consci ous of being fifteen years older
than her husband, travelled everywhere with her moi sturiser and it was just the
right consistency for cleaning artifacts,” said Hen rietta McCall, the author of “The
Life of Max Mallowan: Archaeology and Agatha Christ ie.”
Christie’s interest in archaeology, accor ding to McCall, went deeper than
support for her husband’s work and even formed the backdrop to works such as
“Murder in Mesopotamia”, in which the culprit turns out to be an archaeologist.
Several of the characters in the book can be traced to the people Christie knew
from a dig in Ur in what is modern Iraq, including the murder victim, which
McCall believes is based on the wife of archaeologis t Leonard Woolley. “She
made a wonderful quote on archaeology and crime det ection, that they are very
similar because you have to clear away the debris t o reveal the shining truth,” said
McCall. And Christie’s elaborate plotting and clue bu ilding came in handy when
piecing together broken artifacts. According to the archaeologist Charlotte Trumpler, “Christie was of course
fascinated by puzzles, using little archaeological fragments, and she had a gift for
piecing them together very patiently.” Trumpler co- curated a 2001-2 travelling
exhibition “Agatha Christie and Archaeology: Myster y in Mesopotamia” alongside
Henrietta McCall.
Although Christie played an important role in her husband’s work, even
financing many of his expeditions, she was, accordi ng to McCall, very modest
about her contributions. She was fiercely proud of Mallowan, who is often referred
to as one of the best-known archaeologists of the p ost-WWII period. However,

Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки

Trumpler believes that though Christie never publica lly mentioned it, her
contribution to archaeology was larger than she ima gined. Her notes and black and
white photographs of excavation sites are used by a rchaeologists and researchers
even today, she said.
Christie’s readiness to muck in and help he r husband, says Trumpler,
stemmed from her desire to be a devoted wife but al so from a fascination with the
Middle East that stayed with her for many years. “E veryone thinks Agatha Christie
was a bit like the character Miss Marple, that she lived in England and was into
knitting and looking after the garden,” said Trumpl er. “Actually, she wasn’t … she
had such a fascinating life apart from being an aut hor.”
The word pedigree (“... the extent of Agatha Chistie’s pedigree”) in Paragraph 1 is
synonymous to …


1)
development.



2)
education.



3)
background.



4)
discovery.


Ответ: & % What do we learn about Agatha Christie from the seco
nd paragraph?


1)
Some of her voyages and journeys inspired her.



2)
Her husband’s work put her off writing novels.



3)
She was responsible for the excavation work.



4)
Her husband discussed his discoveries with her.


Ответ: & % The word
it in Paragraph 3 (“... I don’t think it has done …”) refers to using …


1)
her good idea.



2)
her moisturiser.



3)
discovered artifacts.



4)
a special tool.


Ответ: & %
12 13 14
Открытый вариант 1
According to Henrietta McCall, Agatha Christie found
similarity between
archaeology and crime detection because …


1)
people enjoy discovering what is hidden.



2)
archaeologists turn out to be criminals.



3)
the discovery requires a lot of digging up.



4)
clearing away the rubbish is really hard.


Ответ: & % Which statement is TRUE according to the archaeologi
st Charlotte Trumpler?
Agatha Christie …


1)
could make a whole from parts.



2)
loved solving jigsaw puzzles.



3)
was a famous archaeologist.



4)
used to be a very impatient person.


Ответ: & % Why does Charlotte Trumpler admire Christie’s role i
n archaeology?


1)
Her money helped her husband’s expeditions.



2)
Her modesty is an example for other archaeologists.



3)
She promoted Mallowan archaeological research.



4)
The records she made are still in demand nowadays.


Ответ: & % What is the main idea of the last paragraph?


1)
Agatha Christie supported her husband’s work.



2)
The famous writer had very common hobbies.



3)
Little do we know about Agatha Christie’s life.



4)
Miss Marple is similar in character to her creator.


Ответ:
По окончании выполнения заданий 10–18 не забудьте пе
ренести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа о т номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов на задания 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых

и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной
клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

& %
15 16 17 18

Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, есл и необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными сл овами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.
Languages of the world

What do you think is the most difficult language to learn?
Chinese? Japanese? No, it is Basque, the language whi ch
__________________ in northwestern Spain and southw estern
France.
SPEAK
& % It __________________ to any other language in the world. In
Basque, the name of the language is officially “Eusk ara”. NOT RELATE & % In French, the language is normally called “basque”
, though in
recent times “euskara” has become common. Spanish h as a
__________________ variety of names for the languag e than
French. Today, it is most commonly referred to as “ el vasco”,
”la lengua vasca” or “el euskera”.
GREAT & %
Slavery in North America
August 13, 1619 is the date when two and a half cen turies of
slavery in North America began. On this day the fir st Africans
kidnapped by the Portuguese arrived in the British c olony of
Virginia and __________________ by English colonist s.
BUY
& % __________________ at Jamestown in 1607, the Virgin ia
Colony was home to about 700 people by 1619. FOUND & % The first enslaved Africans to arrive there disemba
rked at Point
Comfort, in what __________________ today as Hampton
Roads.
KNOW & % Most of __________________ names, as well as the ex act
number of those who remained at Point Comfort, have been
lost to history, but much is known about their jour ney. THEY & %
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Открытый вариант 1

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов
, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31 , однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лек сически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.


Stanley Park

Stanley Park is a 1,001-acre public park that borde rs the
downtown of Vancouver, Canada. This ________________ __
place is almost entirely surrounded by the waters o f the Pacific
Ocean.
AMAZE
& % It is one of the main sights of Vancouver to be exp lored by
__________________.
TOUR & % The park has a long history. The land was
__________________ used by indigenous peoples for thousands of years.
ORIGINAL & % Then the British decided to __________________ this place
during the 1858 Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. COLONY & % The land was later turned into Vancouver’s first pa
rk. It was
named after Lord Stanley, a British politician who h ad recently
been appointed __________________ general.
GOVERN & % Unlike other large urban parks, Stanley Park is not the
__________________ of a landscape architect, but ra ther the
evolution of a forest and urban space over many yea rs.
CREATE & %
26 27 28 29 30 31

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Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа ц ифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Shirley
It was Friday, the thirty-first of May, and it was Shirley’s birthday, her
twentieth birthday. Shirley could 32 ______ believe it, but it was true. And she
suddenly, and wonderfully, felt quite grown up, ver y grown up, in fact.
Last night her father had 33 ______ her a lovely young lady, and she had beamed at him, hugged him, and told him she was so happy to have him and Alice,
have them as her parents. There was no one luckier than she was; Shirley believed
that with all her 34 ______. Last night, over dinner, Alice and Victor praised her and were talking much about how proud they were of her and what she had
become, and she had experienced an enormous rush of love and gratitude toward
them. Her father had added that she had a wonderful life ahead of her, and she
believed him. He always 35 ______ her the truth.
Her dream of going to Cambridge had come true and fo r the past year she
had been living her childhood dream, 36 ______ lectures. She 37 ______ every
moment of living in that ancient city of shining sp ires, gracious quadrangles, and
beautiful architecture. It was an extraordinary exp erience to be in that place of
great learning, and she would 38 ______ it with love long after she had left.
She was reading English and French history, her fav ourite subjects, and one
day she hoped to be a historian and give lectures h erself and write books.

1)
hardly


2)
nearly


3)
really


4)
rarely


Ответ: & % 1)
referred


2)
described


3)
named


4)
called


Ответ: & % 1)
mind


2)
brain


3)
heart


4)
feeling


Ответ: & %
32 33 34
Открытый вариант 1

1)
said


2)
told


3)
talked


4)
spoke


Ответ: & % 1)
approving


2)
attending


3)
participating


4)
visiting


Ответ: & % 1)
admired


2)
pleased


3)
attracted


4)
enjoyed


Ответ: & % 1)
repeat


2)
remember


3)
remind


4)
review


Ответ: По окончании выполнения заданий 19–38 не забудьте пе
ренести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа о т номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов на задания 19–31 буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых

и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую букву или цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.


Проверьте, чтобы каждый ответ был записан рядом с ном ером
соответствующего задания. & %
35 36 37 38

Открытый вариант 1 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

8 / 8

© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки


Раздел 4. Письмо Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оценив аться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие запи си черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание так же на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39 , 40 ), а затем ответ на него.

You have received a letter from your English-speaki ng pen-friend Jasper who
writes:
… My friends have just come back from a trip to Afr ica. It’s been my dream for years! What is your dream trip, where would you like to go and why? Whom would you like to take with you? What is the most difficult thing for you when you travel? My sister is getting married …
Write a letter to Jasper.
In your letter:
− answer his questions;
− ask 3 questions about his sister.
Write 100–140 words .
Remember the rules of letter writing. & %
39
Открытый вариант 1


Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказывани й (40.1 или 40.2), укажите его номер в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2 и выразите своё мнение по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.

Comment on one of the following statements.

Studying online is more interesting than studying a t school.

Summer holidays in the countryside are best for tee nagers.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statem ent?

Write 200–250 words .

Use the following plan:
– make an introduction (state the problem paraphras ing the given
statement);
– express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reason s for your opinion;
– express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing
opinion;
– explain why you do not agree with the opposing op inion;
– make a conclusion restating your position.


Проверьте, чтобы каждый ответ был записан рядом с ном ером
соответствующего задания. & % 40.1 40.2
X