formal_words_for_IELTS_writing_task_2

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Improving your score from 5.5 to 7

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Dear candidates:

This short but useful pamphlet is intended to boost your vocabulary knowledge for both
academic and general training students preparing for IELTS writing task 2. This is, in fact, a list
of useful Verbs, Nouns, Adjectives and Adverbs helping students to boost their score from 5.5
to nearly 7 in the IELTS test.

About the terms:

Low lexis: are the words that are less formal.
High lexis: are the words that are more formal and are recommended for higher scores.

You need to check the meaning of high lexis words to see how they are used in writing.

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Task 2 useful
academic words


Useful adjectives for task 2
(nearly 165 words)

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Useful adjectives for task 2 (nearly 165 words)

Low lexis / meaning High lexis Low lexis / meaning High lexis
Bad Abominable, deplorable Relating to money Financial
Good Acceptable, palatable,
satisfactory, reasonable
Imaginary Fictional, fabulous
Harmful Adverse, deleterious,
detrimental, inimical,
injurious, destructive
Showing that sth exists Indicative, demonstrative
Useful Effective, fruitful,
advantageous,
constructive, beneficial
Related to understanding
or explaining
Interpretive, analytica l
Busy Active, engaged, involved, More important Major, significant,
cardinal, main, focal,
dominant
Crowded Congested, replete,
crammed, cramped,
flooded
Needed Vital, crucial, necessary
Empty Blank, bare Looking the same Similar, akin, comparable
Hopeful Life affirming, optimistic,
sanguine,
Changing often Variable
Sad Bereft , disconsolate,
desolate, despondent
Can be reached or done,
possible
Achievable, attainable,
feasible, manageable,
potential
Happy Blissful, charmed,
cheerful, delighted
Right Suitable, apropos, apt
Satisfied Complacent, content, Difficult to understand Abstruse, complex,
byzantine
Satisfactory Palatable, acceptable Certain Conclusive
Having controlling ability Authoritative,
commanding
Limited Restricted, ambit
Can be measured Assessable Related, connected with Relevant
Possible Susceptible Having good organization Coordinated, well -
organized
Present Available, accessible,
obtainable
Done or said in a strong
way
Emphatic, assertive
Not present Unavailable, inaccessible Having good reason for
sth
Justifiable
Producing unusual ideas Creative, stimulating,
visionary
Morally correct Righteous, principled,
upstanding, virtuous
Can be seen, clear Evident, apparent,
conspicuous, distinct,
noticeable
Of or at the beginning Initial, introductory,
primary
Different Alternative, contrasting,
discrepancy, disparate,
distinctive
Happening a lot or all the
time
Constant, frequent,
endless
Trustable Reliable Enough Adequate, fair
Loyal Committed, dedicated Essential or important
part, basic
Fundamental, integral
indispensable, requisite

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Useful adjectives for task 2

Low lexis / meaning High lexis Low lexis / meaning High lexis
Exact Precise, accurate, correct,
infallible
Around the world Global, universal, world
wide
Can do Capable In different order Graded, arranged,
categorized, classified
Completely new and
effective
Revolutionary, avant -
garde, emerging,
innovative
Very near, next to Adjacent, bordering,
coterminous, neighboring
Great, extremely large Enormous, colossal,
immense, inordinate
Powerful Prodigious, invulnerable,
omnipotent, robust



Useful prepositions for task 2

Low lexis / meaning High lexis Low lexis / meaning High lexis
About Regarding, with regard to,
in terms of, concerning,
on the subject of,
connected with
Before prior to, preceding
After Subsequent By Through, via
Under Below, Above more

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Task 2 useful
academic words


Useful verbs for task 2
(nearly 250 words)

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Useful verbs for task 2 (nearly 250 words)

Low Lexis High Lexis Low Lexis High Lexis
Keep store show indicate, illustrate,
demonstrate, reveal
feel unhappy become disappointed,
disappoint
make rule legislate
refresh restore, rejuvenate


happen occur
make happen faster

accelerate (to cause)move forward proceed, propel, inspire
send out emit need require
Begin commence ask for demand, request
go to school attend school do research conduct, carry out, undertake
receive education acquire an education say yes accept, approve, admit
Force oblige, compel, impose answer respond, reply
Want intend to, plan to make structure, form, construct
put up install change alter, vary
Try make an effort do sth successfully achieve, fulfill, attain
keep eye on sb/sth supervise, monitor get gain, acquire, become, obtain
pay attention to attend do administer
be keen on, interested in to be enthusiastic about,
show enthusiasm regarding
put into categories categorize, classify
Love show affection towards help assist
spend time on devote, contribute to to end sth, finish conclude, terminate, adjourn
Use consume, utilize, apply in calculate the value, judge evaluate
Work function look for seek
understand, tell from recognize, discern, identify,
interpret,absorb
choose select, adopt
give opinion about comment on to live reside
pay for sth afford believe perceive
make up for compensate buy purchase
say argue, believe, maintain,
claim
to move to transfer
suggest recommend, pose to control sth regulate
move toward approach combine, match coordinate, aggregate
think assume help Coordinate. Provide aid
take advantage, be
useful
benefit communicate interact
to have sth possess limit, control constrain
to be able to use sth to have access to sth write correspond
make up of sth consist of sth capitalize on sth emphasize, highlight
make up constitute, involve,
comprise
make sure ensure
Explain

justify fill occupy, obsess
test assess depend on rely on
open sth, set up establish, found no have in sth exclude, remove

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Low Lexis High Lexis Low Lexis High Lexis
help with money finance, provide financial
support
make better improve, promote
provide money for sth fund, sponsor keep in mind Retain
have sth in sth contain say before it happens predict, forecast
find the place locate change to fit adjust, modify
print publish worsen compound, exacerbate
write your name in
classes, etc
register, enroll talk to sb consult
make able enable change gradually evolve
make larger expand leave open to, no to
protect
expose
make sth (electricity,etc) generate, manufacture make easy facilitate
become familiar with orientate follow pursue
say no reject, refute keep on continue, sustain
replace substitute thank sb acknowledge
give example cite, illustrate connect, join attach
say before mention, aforementioned grow enhance, increase, rise
not give attention to ignore to tell sb how to do sth Instruct
slow down sth inhibit, prevent Go forward advance
to get rid of, escape dispose of, introduce new ideas Innovate
delete, cross out eliminate forbid Prohibit
to add sth to sth insert to stay alive Survive
separate isolate to go with sb Accompany
pile up accumulate value Appreciate
make clear clarify obey conform to
discover detect to show publicly Exhibit
make less reduce, minimize to give room Accommodate
live dwell make certain Assure
stop cease act against, not obey Violate
continue to exist persist face encounter, confront
dig quarry use wrongly misuse, abuse
do business commerce buy and sell Trade
use sth a lot overuse to put in order to prioritize
say formally, say announce, express to encourage to grow Stimulate
to connect in mind associate copy imitate, replicate
Solve tackle, handle, approach
the problem
To gather sth Compile, accumulate, collect

Now turn to next page for a list of Nouns.

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Task 2 useful
academic words


Useful nouns for task 2
(nearly 250 words)

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Useful Nouns for task 2 (nearly 250 words)

High Lexis verb High Lexis Noun High Lexis verb High Lexis Noun
store storage indicate, illustrate,
demonstrate, reveal
indication, illustration,
demonstration
become disappointed,
disappoint
Disappointment legislate Legislation
restore, rejuvenate restoration, rejuvenation occur Occurrence
accelerate Acceleration proceed, propel, inspire proceedings, inspiration
emit Emission require Requirement
commence Commencement demand, request demand, request
attend school Attendance conduct, carry out,
undertake
------
acquire an education Acquisition of an education accept, approve, admit acceptance, approval,
admission
oblige, compel, impose obligation, compulsion,
imposition
respond, reply response, reply
intend to, plan to intention, plan structure, form, construct structure, formation,
construction
install Installation alter, vary Alteration, variation
make an effort an effort achieve, fulfill, attain achievement, fulfillment,
attainment
supervise, monitor supervision, monitoring gain, acquire, become,
obtain
gain, acquisition
attend Attention administer Administration
to be enthusiastic about,
show enthusiasm
regarding
Enthusiasm

categorize, classify category, classification
show affection towards affection assist Assistance
devote, contribute to devotion, contribution to conclude, terminate,
adjourn
conclusion, termination,
adjournment
consume, utilize, apply
in
consumption, utilization,
application
evaluate Evaluation
function function seek ----
recognize, discern,
identify, interpret,
absorb
Recognition , discernment,
identification,
interpretation ,absorption
select, adopt selection, adoption
comment on Comment reside Residence
afford Affordability perceive Perception
compensate Compensation purchase Purchase
argue, believe, maintain,
claim
argument, belief, claim transfer Transfer
recommend, pose Recommendation , regulate Regulation
approach Approach coordinate, aggregate coordination, aggregation
assume Assumption Coordinate. Provide aid Coordination, aid
benefit Benefit interact Interaction
possess Possession constrain Constraint
to have access to sth access to sth correspond Correspondence
consist of sth

---- emphasize, highlight emphasis

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High Lexis verb High Lexis Noun High Lexis verb High Lexis Noun
constitute, involve,
comprise
constitution, involvement, ensure Insurance
justify Justification occupy, obsess occupation, obsession
assess Assessment rely on Reliance
establish, found establishment, foundation exclude, remove exclusion, removal
finance, provide
financial support
finance, financial support improve, promote improvement, promotion
fund, sponsor fund, sponsorship Retain Retention
Contain ---- predict, forecast prediction, forecast
Locate Location adjust, modify adjustment, modification
Publish Publication compound, exacerbate compound, exacerbation
register, enroll registration, enrollment consult Consultation
Enable Ability evolve Evolution
expand Expansion expose Exposition
generate, manufacture generation, manufacture facilitate Facilitation
orientate Orientation pursue Pursuit
reject, refute rejection, refutation continue, sustain -----
substitute Substitution acknowledge Acknowledgement
cite, illustrate citation, illustration attach Attachment
mention,
aforementioned
Mention enhance, increase, rise enhancement, increase, rise
ignore Ignorance instruct Instruction
inhibit, prevent inhibition, prevention advance Advancement
dispose of, Disposition innovate Innovation
eliminate Elimination prohibit Prohibition
insert Insertion survive Survival
isolate Isolation accompany Company
accumulate Accumulation appreciate Appreciation
clarify Clarification conform to Conformity
detect Detection exhibit Exhibition
reduce, minimize reduction accommodate Accommodation
dwell Dwelling assure ----
cease Cease violate Violation
persist Persistence encounter, confront encounter, confrontation
quarry Quarry misuse, abuse misuse, abuse
commerce Commerce trade Trade
overuse Overuse to prioritize Priority
announce, express announcement, expression stimulate Stimulation
associate Association imitate, replicate imitation, replication
tackle, handle, approach
the problem
Approach the problem Compile, accumulate,
collect
Compilation, accumulation,
collection

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About the author


Mr. Reza Atashzamzam is an MA graduate of English language teaching.
He has been working as a lecturer at university, teacher trainer and teacher in Shiraz and
Tehran, Iran since 2004. He has been internationally trained by McMillan University on
teaching IELTS. He has spent time on holding workshops for IELTS candidates both in person
and online. His teaching career inc ludes:
 Working as lecturer at Shiraz University, the International branch (Qeshm University)
 Teaching at Dibagaran Complex, Shiraz, Iran
 Teaching at Aptech College, Shiraz, Iran
 Teaching at Navid English Institute, Shiraz, Iran
 Teaching at Shokuoh English Institute, Tehran, Iran
 Teaching at Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran, Iran
 Teaching at Shiraz Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
 Teaching at Isiran Institute, Shiraz, Iran

For more practice on IELTS and information about the author visit
www.facebook.com/ieltsacademy2013
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