IELTS Speaking April-July 2020

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IELTS SPEAKING AND ACTUAL
TEST – SUGGESTED ANSWERS
(APRIL – JULY 2020)
Table of Contents
PART 1 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 5
1. HOME/ ACCOMMODATION ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 5
2. STUDY ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 8
3. WORK ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 10
4. HOMETOWN ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 12
5. HAIRCUT ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 15
6. JEANS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 17
7. CONCENTRATION ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 19
8. VOICE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 21
9. WALKING ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 23
10. MOVIES ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 25
11. LANGUAGES ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................. 27
12. FRIENDS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 29
13. RUBBISH ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 31
14. PERFUME ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ . 33
15. SOCIAL NETWORK ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 34
16. MATH ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 36
17. TRAVELLING ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................. 38
18. BORROWING/LENDING ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 40
19. READING ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 42
20. SMILE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 43
21. PLAN ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 45
22. VISIT RELATIVES ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 47
23. STREET MARKET ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 49
24. OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 50
25. WEATHER ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ 52

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26. PATIENCE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ . 53
27. ANIMAL ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 55
28. TEA OR COFFEE ................................ ................................ ................................ ........................ 57
29. SLEEP ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 59
30. SKY ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 61
31. SHARING ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 64
32. HANDWRITING ................................ ................................ ................................ ......................... 65
33. PHOTOS/PICTURES ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 66
34. MUSIC ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 67
35. TEACHER ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 70
36. TRANSPORTATION ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 72
37. THE AREA YOU LIVE IN ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 74
38. HOLIDAY ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 75
39. NUMBERS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ 76
40. PEN OR PENCIL ................................ ................................ ................................ ......................... 78
41. SWEETIES ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ . 80
42. SCENERY ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 82
43. MU SEUMS ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................... 84
44. ART ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 86
45. CAKE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 88
46. LAUGH ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 90
47. WATER SPORT ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 92
48. RUNNING ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ . 93
49. SCIENCE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 94
50. OPINIONS/ IDEAS ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 96
51. ALONE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 97
PART 2 & 3 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 98
1.Describe a performance you watched recently ................................ ................................ ............. 98
2.Describe an exciting event you've had ................................ ................................ ......................... 102
3.Describe something you bought but difficult to use at first ................................ .......................... 105
4.Describe a difficult challenge you met ................................ ................................ ......................... 109
5.Describe an interesting animal you have ever seen ................................ ................................ ...... 113
6. Describe a family member who you spend the most time with ................................ .................... 118

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7. Describe a crowded place you have been to ................................ ................................ ................ 123
8. Describe a time when someone apologized to you ................................ ................................ ...... 126
9. Describe an important journey that has been delayed ................................ ................................ 130
10. Describe a change that can improve your local area ................................ ................................ .. 135
11. Describe an occasion when weather prevented your activity ................................ ..................... 140
12. Describe a person who taught you something (knowledge or principles) ................................ ... 144
14. Descibe a job you would not like to do in the future ................................ ................................ .. 150
15. Describe a time you wouldn’t use the mobile phone ................................ ................................ . 152
16. Describe a ideal house or apartment you would like to live in the future ................................ ... 157
17. Describe a successful small company that you know ................................ ................................ . 161
18. Describe a time when you were excited ................................ ................................ .................... 165
19. Describe a person on the news that you’d like to meet ................................ ............................. 168
20. Describe the article on health you read on magazine or the Internet ................................ ......... 173
21. Describe a piece of important news you got through a text message ................................ ......... 176
22. Describe a time when you helped someone ................................ ................................ .............. 180
23. Describe someone in your family who you like ................................ ................................ .......... 185
24. Describe a team where you were a member ................................ ................................ ............. 187
25. Describe a new skill you learned that you think is important ................................ ..................... 192
26. Describe a uniform (in school or company) you wear ................................ ................................ 196
27. Describe an experience when you travelled by pu blic transport ................................ ................ 200
28. Describe a film/movie you would like to share with your friends ................................ ............... 204
29. Describe a time you looked at the sky ................................ ................................ ....................... 207
30. Describe a photograph you like in your room ................................ ................................ ............ 208
31. Describe a popular product (e.g. food, handicraft -) made in your region ................................ ... 212
32. Describe a toy you like in your childhood ................................ ................................ .................. 217
33. Describe an unusual experience of travelling/vacation/holiday ................................ ................. 222
34. Describe something important that you lost ................................ ................................ ............. 226
35. Describe an occasion that make you happy ................................ ................................ ............... 229
36. Describe an experience you played an indoor game with others ................................ ................ 230
37. Describe a place you remember well that full of color ................................ ............................... 231
38. Describe something useful you borrow from others ................................ ................................ .. 234
39. Describe an advice you receive on your subject or work ................................ ............................ 237
40. Describe a gift that you took a lot of time to choose ................................ ................................ .. 239
41. Describe an experience that you got bored when you were with others ................................ .... 241

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42. Describe a person who is good at his/her job ................................ ................................ ............ 242
43. Describe an interesting conversation with a str anger ................................ ................................ 244
44. Describe a place not your home where you read and write ................................ ....................... 245
45. Describe a time you do not tell your friend the truth ................................ ................................ . 248
46. Describe a friend or a person who encouraged you to achieve a goal ................................ ......... 253
47. Describe a special day that made you ha ppy ................................ ................................ ............. 255
48. Describe a person who often travels by plane ................................ ................................ ........... 256
49. Describe a leisure activity you do with your family ................................ ................................ .... 257
50. Describe a situation when you celebrate your achievement ................................ ...................... 261
51. Describe a time when you first met someone ................................ ................................ ............ 263
52. Describe a new public building in your place ................................ ................................ ............. 265
53. Describe a time you were sleepy but had to stay awake ................................ ............................ 268
54. Describe clothes you wear on special occasions ................................ ................................ ........ 271
55. Describe a practical skill you learned ................................ ................................ ........................ 278
56. Describe something special you took home from a tourist attraction ................................ ......... 281
57. Describe a time when you heard a person talking on the phone in the public places .................. 283
58. Describe a school you went in your childhood ................................ ................................ ........... 285

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PART 1

1. HOME/ ACCOMMODATION

What kind of housing/accommodation do you live in?
I live in a terraced house that has a living room, a kitchen, three bed rooms, two
bathrooms and a lovely back garden. =t’s not really a spacious house, but it’s just right for
me a nd my family.
Who do you live with?
I live with my parents and my siblings. We always get on well with each other and have a
lot of fun.
How long have you lived there?
=’ve lived there since = was a child, until = graduated from high school and moved to the city
to enroll at university, where I lived in a student dormitory during the semester.
(If you answer you haven't lived there long)
What’s the difference between where you are living now and where you have lived in the
past?
Living in a dorm with other roommates is totally different from living in my own house.
My current residential area is quite small and it’s very noisy because there are a lot of
people ther e and = don’t have my own space. Conversely, when = was living at home, = had
my own spacious room and it made me feel comfortable.
Do you plan to live there for a long time?
To be honest, I intend to buy an apartment in an urban area after I graduate f rom
university.
I can decorate and design my ideal home with whatever facilities I want.
Which room does your family spend most of the time in?
=t’s definitely the kitchen. Not only lunch or dinner time but all our family reunions take
place in the kit chen where all the family members get together to eat tasty meals, and
chat to each other – it’s a really harmonious atmosphere.
Are the transport facilities to your home very good?

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To be honest, most of the transport facilities to my place are not very modern. The bus
service from my work place to home is irregular and usually overcrowded.
Do you prefer living in a house or a flat?
I prefer living in a house to a flat because I va lue my privacy and need my own space.
Owning an independent house, I can plan and design a house layout to suit myself.
Moreover, I can modify a house according to the size of the family.
Please describe the room you live in.
My current room is actually more like a bedsit. It is a multi – purpose room, I use it to
sleep and study as well. =t is painted in pink, that’s my favorite color with a bed, a cupboard
and desk. =t’s not really spacious but it’s just right for me.
What part of your home do you lik e the most ?
I prefer my bedroom most due to its convenience and privacy. Because of my stressful
work = want to be in a quiet place and concentrate on my work. =n my own room, =’m
never disturbed by anyone else.
Moreover, in my own space I can do whate ver I want without bothering others.
VOCABULARY
Terraced house (noun): (ngôi nhà trong dãy nhà cùng kiểu) a house connected on both
sides by other properties
Ex: In England, most people seem to live in terraced houses with lovely back gardens.
Back ga rden (noun phrase): (vườn ở phía sau nhà) a garden at the rear of the house. Ex: =
live in a terraced house that has a living room, a kitchen, three bed rooms, two bathrooms
and a lovely back garden.
Spacious (adjective): (rộng rãi) (of a room or building ) large and with plenty of space for
people to move around in
Ex: The hotel rooms are spacious and comfortable.
Sibling(s) (noun): (anh/ chị em) a brother or sister
Ex: The younger children were badly treated by older siblings.
Get on well with sb (phrasal verb): (hòa hợp với ai đó) to have a friendly relationship with
somebody
Ex: She and her sister have never really got on well with each other.

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Dormitory (noun): (kí túc xá) a room for several people to sleep in, especially in a school or
other institution
Ex: =’ve lived there since = was a child, until = graduated high school and moved to the
city to enroll in university where I lived in a dormitory.
Re sidential area (noun): (nơi ở) (of an area of a town) suitable for living in; consisting of
houses rather than factories or offices
Ex: It was not safe to locate the chemicals factory in a residential area .
Urban area (noun): (vùng thành thị) connected with a town or city
Ex:Pollution has reached disturbingly high levels in some urban areas .
Reunion (noun): (tụ họp, xum họp) a social occasion or party attended by a group of people
who have not seen each other for a long time
Ex: The College has an annual reunion for former students .
:armonious (adjective): (ấm cúng, yên bình) friendly, peaceful and without any
disagreement
Ex: It is important to have harmonious relations between the country's ethnic groups.
Irregular (adjective): not happening at the arranged time intervals
Ex: His irregular attendance at school resulted in his failure in the final exams.
Overcrowded (adjective): with too many people or things in it
Ex: The train was so overcrowded thi s evening that I was unable to find an empty seat.
Privacy (noun): being alone and not disturbed by other people Ex:
I read the letter in the privacy of my own room.
Suit oneself (verb): to do exactly what you like/want
Ex: Everyone had a different opinion about what colour to paint my room, so in the end I
decided to just suit myself.
Modify (verb): (sửa đổi, thay đổi) to change something slightly, especially in order to make
it more suitable for a particular purpose
Ex: We found it cheaper to mod ify the existing equipment rather than buy new.
Bedsit (noun): (phòng vừa để ngủ vừa để học, tiếp khách) a room that a person rents and
uses for both living and sleeping in
Ex: He lives in a tiny student bedsit used for both sleeping and studying.

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Multi -purpose (adjective): (đa chức năng) having many different uses
Ex: This room is multi -purpose – we use it for meetings, interviews and taking breaks .

2. STUDY

Describe your education
I started primary school when I was 7. 5 years later, I went to secondary school at 12. Then
at 16, I made it to a high school for gifted students in my hometown. In my country,
highschool education lasts 3 years, then I went onto higher education at the Foreign
Trade
University where =’m currently studying economics. What
is your area of specialization?
Well, my major is External Economics. I have mastered the basics of economics and
socioeconomics, combined with business knowled ge mainly related to the import and
export business.
Why did you choose to study that major?
I think it would help to fulfill my dream of introducing my country’s agricultural products
to the world. Vietnamese goods have a real potential, but they still struggle to make a
name for themselves , you know.
Do you like your major? (Why?/Why not?)
Yes, of course. Studying economics, especially external economics is interesting and
practical. It helps me to keep up with current affair s and it improve s my analy tical and
problem -solving skills as well.
What kind of school did you go to as a child?
As a child, I attended a public elementary school . =t’s quite a big school in my hometown
which provides both high quality education and a supportive environment, so I think I
was quite lucky.
What was your favourite subject as a child?
Well, I used to be very passionate about drawing when I was a little girl. It was fun to work
with brushes and colors, you know, as it was the time when I could indulge in my own
creative world.

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Do you think your country has an effective education system?
To be honest, = don’t think so. Our sy stem has somehow become unduly stressful, does
not promote creativity and the ability to be critical due to the fact that our society still
cares way too much about grades and schools consequently focuses on an exam -driven
curriculum , which I find quite im practical.
(Possibly) Are you looking forward to working?
Absolutely! =t’s great to join the workforce , especially when I can do the job I love. Not
only will it pay the bills , but it’ll also give me the joy of making a contribution. =t’s hard to
be ha ppy and fulfilled without working, you know.
VOCABULARY
:igher education (chương trình đại học) [n] post -18 learning that take places at
universities Example: According to a research, nearly 50 percent of Vietnamese students
in U.S. higher education are studying either business or engineering, with business -
related majors making up 38 percent of all enrollments in 2012/13
Master (tinh thông, nắm vững) [v] learn how to do sowmthing well
Example: She lived in Italy for several years but never quite maste red the language.
Make a name for oneself ( trở nên nổi tiếng) [idiom] become famous and respected by a
lot of people
Example: By the time he was thirty -five, he had made a name for himself as a successful
railway contractor
Keep up with (cập nhật thông tin về cái gì) [idiom] be aware of
Example: Even though he's been travelling, he's kept up with what's going on back home
Analytical (thuộc về phân tích) [adj] using analysis or logical reasoning
Example: Analytical skills are essential in the workplace to ensure necessary problem
solving occurs to keep productivity and other areas of the workforce functioning smoothly
Elementary school (trường tiểu học) [n] primary school, school for children between 7 -11
years old (in Vie tnam)
Example: =t’s essential that children at the official entry age for elementary school attend
classes fully.

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Unduly (quá mức, không chính đáng ) [adj] excessively/ to a level that more than is
necessary, acceptable, or reasonable Example:
For ever y new parents, the decision about whether to vaccinate his or herchild has been u
nduly stressful
Exam -driven curriculum (chương trình học để phục vụ cho các kỳ thi) [expression] the
courses taught a school, college, which focus on teaching what will be on the exam
Example: Many parents believe that exam -driven curriculum can change their kid’s
attitude towards school in profoundly negative ways.
Pay the bills (trang trải cuộc sống) [ idioms] provide enough income to sustain one’s
lifestyle
Example: Being a dentist isn’t so glamorous, but it pays the bills .

3. WORK

What do you do?
=’m currently working as a graphic designer f or a fashion magazine for youngsters What
are your responsibilities?
Well =’m mainly responsible for designing the cover of the magazine. = normally work with
the concept team to make sure that the final product will both attract the potential
buyer’s at tention and express the theme of the magazine.
Why did you choose to do that type of work (or, that job)?
= guess it’s because of my artistic passion . The process of creating beautiful things is
somehow intriguing to me, so I chose to be a graphic designer, which combines both art
and technology. =t’s quite interesting, you know.
Is there some other kind of work you would rather do?
Well, if possible , =’d like to be a freelance writer. Actually =’m a big fan of action movies,
and = also care about healthy living, so, =’d love to write about these topics and share my
stories with people of the same interest.
Describe the company or organization you wo rk for

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My company is not huge, it’s just a small art designoffice, but is definitely an inspirational
workplace with a young, creative, and extremely passionate team. We work on the basis
of mutual understanding and respect for each other, so it’s kind of an ideal environment
for me.
Do you enjoy your work?
Most of the time. =t’s rewarding to co -work on projects with amazing people in an open
and supportive environment to bring out an art production that will ultimately give me a
sense of satisfaction and pride.
What do you like about your job?
Well, the perk of being a graphic designer is that you’ll surround yourself with inspiring
images everyday. My daily working life involves seeking out inspiration in all sorts of places,
researching incredible illustrations and graphics, and creating them too. =t’s great, = think.
What do you dislike about your job
What = don’t like about this job is that our personal taste in design varies , and normally
=’ll have to do a thousand edits to get the final product that meets the demand of my boss
while still * relating / staying faithful to /remaining trueto the initial concept.
* conform means ‘to behave according to the usual standards of b ehaviour that are
expected by a group or society’ – this does not relate to things like ‘concepts’.
(Possibly)Do you miss being a student?
Sometimes, when =’m burdened with heavy workloads or the pressure of everyday life, =
recall the memories of being a student. We were all carefree and innocent back then. =t’s
a precious time that I cherish .
VOCABULARY
theme (đề tài,chủ đề) [n] the main subject of a talk, book, film, etc
Example: The father -daughter relationship is a recurring theme in her novels.
=ntriguing ( hấp dẫn, gợi thích thú) [adj] very interesting because of being unusual or
mysterious
Example: The Huns are intriguing not onl y because of their notoriously hawkish history,
but also because of their place as middlemen between Mongol and Turkic ethnicity
On the basis of (trên cơ sở) [idiom] base on

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Example: Discrimination on the basis of race, gender, age or disability is not allowed.
Rewarding (bổ ích, đáng làm) [adj] giving pleasure, satisfation
Example: The most rewarding aspect of living forever is you have unlimited time to perfect
your abilities and accumulate wealth.
Ultimately (cuối cùng thì, rút cục) [adv] at the e nd of a process, period of time, etc.
Example: Everything will ultimately depend on what is said at the meeting with the
directors next week.
Perk ( đặc quyền, thù lao thêm) [n] an advantage or something extra that you are given
because of your job
Example: A company car and a mobile phone are some of the perks that come with the
job.
Conform (to sth) (tuân theo) [v] obey the rule or reach t he necessary stated standard
Example: Before buying the baby's car seat, make sure that it
conforms to the official safetystandards.
Cherish (yêu mến, coi trọng) [v] keep hopes, memories in your mind because they are
important to you and bring you pl easure
Example: I cherish the memories of the time we spent together.

4. HOMETOWN

1. (What’s (the name of) your hometown?)
I'm from Hue, which is a city in central Vietnam. Talking about Hue, people immediately
think of the capitals, golden palaces, temples, shrines, and gorgeous dancing stage,
majestic tombs, and ancient meditative landscapes.
2. (Is that a big city or a small place?)
Well, the city is quite small as compared to the vast cities and provinces in my country. Hue
city covers just about 70.5 square kilometers, with a total population of roughly 360,000
people.

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3. (How long have you been living there?)
I have been living there ever since I was born, which is 19 years until now. It is a relatively
long period of time, so =’m really attached to this quiet, tranquil city.
4. (Do you like your hometown?)
(Answer) Yes, absolutely.
(Give a reason for your answer) Hue an area of outstanding natural beauty and for me is
one of the most beautiful places on earth. It has everything; historical sites, fantastic
beaches, rolling mountains, dense forests and picturesque countryside, extraordinary
cuisine and hospitable pe ople.
5. (Is there anything you dislike about it?)
The sole thing that I dislike about the city is probably the weather. In Hue, it invariably
rains from September to December, which somehow adds up to the blue atmosphere of
the city. Sometimes, when the ra in is so heavy and persistent the city even floods.
6. (What do you like(most) about your hometown?)
The greatest appeal of Hue city, to my thinking, is its diversity of cuisine, which makes it
well -known domestically and even internationally. Hue culinary traditions demand that
meals must be presented aesthetically, harmonizing food elements, decorations and
colors to create a gastronomic work of art.
7. (Do you think you will continue living there for a long time?)
(Answer) Actually =’m not quite sure about that.
(Give a reason for your answer) As =’m planning to study abroad, = may have to live far
away from my hometown for a certain amount of time. However, if possible, I still want to
settle down in this beautiful, peaceful city.

Vocabulary:

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1. majestic [adj]: beautiful, powerful, or causin g great admiration and respect: hùng vĩ,
tráng lệ
Eg: The majestic Montana scenery will leave you breathless.
2. vast [adj]: extremely large: rộng lớn
Eg: Navigation across vast stretches of open water was no longer merely as daunting.
3. roughly [adv]: approximately: khoảng, xấp xỉ
Eg: There has been an increase of roughly 2.25 million.
4. relatively [adv]: true to a particular degree when compared with other things: tương
đối
Eg: Sales was relatively low last summer.
5. (be) attached to [adj]: to like someone or something very much, because you have
known them or had them for a long time: gắn bó, gắn kết
Eg: Regular babysitters can become deeply attached to the children they take care of.
6. outstanding [adj]: clearly very much better tha n what is usual: nổi bật
Eg: Her outstanding performances set a new benchmark for singers throughout the world.
7. picturesque [adj]: (esp. of a place) attractive in appearance: đep như tranh
Eg: The city is known for its picturesque surroundings and ple asant climate.
8. invariably [adv]: always (in a negative way): luôn luôn
Eg: High blood pressure is almost invariably accompanied by high blood cholesterol.
9. persistent [adj]: lasting for a long time or difficult to get rid of: không ngừng, dai dẳng
Eg: Symptoms of the illness include a high temperature and a persistent dry cough.
10. harmonize [v]: to bring ideas, feelings, or actions into agreement, or to be a pleasing
combination of different parts: làm hài hòa
Eg: We need to harmonize the different approaches into a unified plan.
11. gastronomic[adj]: relating to the preparation and consumption (= eating) of good
food:

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trang trí, trình bày ngon miệng
Eg: This dish is a gastronomic delight.
12. settle down [v]: to start living in a place where you intend to stay for a long time,
usually with your partner: ổn định, an cư lập nghiệp Eg: Hung settled down after his
marriage.

5. HAIRCUT
1. Do you wear jeans?

(Answer) Yes, I do.
(Give a reason for your answer) I usually wear jeans made with stretch fabric , because I
am always chasing comfort and ease of movement. I can't stand feeling trapped in my
clothes. Always be comfortable so your light can shine.
2. How often do you wear jeans?
(Answer) On a daily basis, I guess.
(Give a reason for your answer) I w ear jeans with commitment and obsession . I really
give them a workout. I tend to choose a pair that I like, then wear them every single day,
until they feel like an extension of my body. = just can’t break the habit of choosing jeans
as my main outfit of the day.
3. Do you like wearing jeans, why?

(Answer) Yes, I do love wearing jeans a lot.
(Give a reason for your answer) I wear jeans because they are convenient. They go with
everything, and are perfectly versatile . I travel often, and I like to pac k light, so jeans are
a great staple for mixing and matching.

4. Why do you think jeans are popular?

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(Answer) The reasons are varied.
(Give a reason for your answer) Jeans stand out as a preferable option for many people
because they are durable , both in style and in utility. Besides, they’re neutral, while also
showing allegiance to a classic, functional aesthetic.

Vocabulary:
1. fabric [n]: cloth or material for making clothes, covering furnitur e, etc.: vải
Eg: The fibres are woven into fabric.
2. can't stand + V -ing [expression]: used to say that you do not like someone or
something at all, or that you think that something is extremely unpleasant: không thể
chịu đựng
Eg: Lily can’t stand workin g in an office.
3. commitment [n]: a promise or firm decision to do something: sự cam kết
Eg: Players must make a commitment to play for a full season.
4. obsession [n]: something or someone that you think about all the time: sự ám ảnh
Eg: He has an obsession with cleanliness.
5. break the habit of [expression]: to stop doing a routine action or activity: phá vỡ thói
quen
Eg: I struggled to break the habit of biting my nails, but getting regular manicures helped.
6. versatile [adj]: able to change easily from one activity to another or able to be used
for many different purposes: linh hoạt
Eg: He's a very versatile young actor who's as happy in highbrow dramas as he is in TV
comedies.
7. staple [n]: a main product or part of something: sản phẩm chính
Eg: Phosphate has been a staple of this area for many years.

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8. preferable [adj]: better or more suitable: được ưa thích hơn
Eg: Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
9. durable [adj]: able to last a long time without becoming damag ed: bền
Eg: The machines have to be made of durable materials.
10. neutral [adj]: having features or characteristics that are not easily noticed: trung tính
Eg: wants dark red walls, but I'd like a more neutral colour like cream.

6. JEANS

1. Do you wear jeans?

(Answer) Yes, I do.
(Give a reason for your answer) I usually wear jeans made with stretch fabric , because I
am always chasing comfort and ease of movement. I can't stand feeling trapped in my
clothes. Always be comfortable so your light can shine.
2. How often do you wear jeans?
(Answer) On a daily basis, I guess.
(Give a reason for your answer) I wear jeans with commitment and obsession . I really
give them a workout. I tend to choose a pair that I like, then wear them every single day,
until they feel like an extension of my body. I jus t can’t break the habit of choosing jeans
as my main outfit of the day.
3. Do you like wearing jeans, why?

(Answer) Yes, I do love wearing jeans a lot.
(Give a reason for your answer) I wear jeans because they are convenient. They go with
everything , and are perfectly versatile . I travel often, and I like to pack light, so jeans are
a great staple for mixing and matching.

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4. Why do you think jeans are popular?

(Answer) The reasons are varied.
(Give a reason for your answer) Jeans stand out as a preferable option for many people
because they are durable , both in style and in utility. Besides, they’re neutral, while also
showing allegiance to a classic, functional aesthetic.

Vocabulary:
11. fabric [n]: cloth or material for making clothes, covering furniture, etc.: vải
Eg: The fibres are woven into fabric.
12. can't stand + V -ing [expression]: used to say that you do not like someone or
something at all, or that you think that something is extremely unpleasant: không thể
chịu đựng
Eg: Lily can’t stand working in an office.
13. commitment [n]: a promise or firm decision to do somethi ng: sự cam kết
Eg: Players must make a commitment to play for a full season.
14. obsession [n]: something or someone that you think about all the time: sự ám ảnh
Eg: He has an obsession with cleanliness.
15. break the habit of [expression]: to stop doing a routine action or activity: phá vỡ thói
quen
Eg: I struggled to break the habit of biting my nails, but getting regular manicures helped.
16. versatile [adj]: able to change easily from one activity to another or able to be used
for many different purposes: linh hoạt
Eg: He's a very versatile young actor who's as happy in highbrow dramas as he is in TV
comedies.

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17. staple [n]: a main product or part of so mething: sản phẩm chính
Eg: Phosphate has been a staple of this area for many years.
18. preferable [adj]: better or more suitable: được ưa thích hơn
Eg: Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
19. durable [adj]: able to last a long time without b ecoming damaged: bền
Eg: The machines have to be made of durable materials.
20. neutral [adj]: having features or characteristics that are not easily noticed: trung tính
Eg: wants dark red walls, but I'd like a more neutral colour like cream.

7. CONCENTRATION

1. What do you need to be focused?
(Answer) Well, I think there are certain ways that keep myself always fixated on a task .
(Give a reason for your answer) I would normally set aside a specific time and place and
request to be left alone for a period of time. Another alternative for me is to seek out a
quiet location where I know I will be able to work undisturbed.
2. What might distract you when you are tryin g to stay focused?
(Answer) Well, there are many things.
(Give a reason for your answer) I sometimes abandon a task because I am disturbed by
either a noise or sound, or other thoughts creeping into my mind suddenly.
3. What do you do to help you concent rate?
(Answer) Whenever my work requires complete concentration, I played the finger
gyroscope for about 5 minutes to be mentally well -prepared to undertake the task.
(Give a reason for your answer) All you need to do when playing this toy is holding th e
spinner in one hand and the other hand spinning rapidly using small continuous strikes

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with indefinite practice. What really amazes me is that it keeps rotating for a long time
and seems to go on non -stop. All my vision is captivated by this little instr ument.
4. Is it difficult for you to stay focused on something?
(Answer) For a very long period of time, I suffered great concentration issues and was not
able to focus on one thing for a long period of time.
(Give a reason for your answer) Until now, my focus capacity has become sharper as I
have been trying different ways to concentrate on my important work. The key here is to
prioritize and carry out your task in order with absolute commitment .

Vocabulary:

1. fixate [v]: to think about something too much and find it difficult to stop: suy nghĩ cố
định
Eg: High achievers sometimes fixate on their own flaws.
2. alternative [n]: an alter native plan or method is one that you can use if you do not
want to use another one: phương án thay thế
Eg: The opposition parties have so far failed to set out an alternative strategy.
3. abandon [v]: to leave a place, thing, or person, usually for ever: r ời bỏ, bỏ mặc
Eg: By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
4. indefinite [adj]: not exact, not clear, or without clear limits: vô định Eg: The project
has been postponed for an indefinite period.
5. rotate [v]: to turn or cause something to turn in a circle, especially around a fixed
point: quay vòng
Eg: The satellite slowly ro tates as it circles the earth.
6. captivate [v]: to hold the attention of someone by being extremely interesting,
exciting, pleasant, or attractive: quyến rũ, thu hút
Eg: With her beauty and charm, she captivated film audiences everywhere.

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7. concentration issues [expression]: problems related to one’s concentration: vấn đề
tập trung
Eg: Tiredness and emotional stress can cause concentration issues in most people
8. capaci ty [n]: someone's ability to do a particular thing: năng lực Eg: She has a great
capacity for hard work.
9. prioritize [v]: to decide which of a group of things are the most important so that you
can deal with them first: ưu tiên
Eg: You must learn to prio ritize your work.
10. commitment [n]: a promise or firm decision to do something: sự cam kết Eg: Players
must make a commitment to play for a full season.

8. VOICE

1. Has your voice ever changed?
(Answer) Yes, it actually changes most often when I come down with serious flu.

(Give a reason for your answer) When =’m sick with a cold or flu, the acute laryngitis leads
to my temporary hoarseness. I think it causes swelling that alters the way my vocal cords
vibrate, making me sound deeper and huskier.
2. Do you enjoy recording you ’re your voice and listening to it?
(Answer) I guess the answer is no.
(Give a reason for your answer) The tone of my voice is pretty “soft” and “ mature ” when
I speak in person. But, when I'm on the phone, the sound of my voice shifts into a
ridiculous childish tone. = assume that most people in fact don’t like their voice when they
hear it played back from a recording, because it’s not the same voice the y hear in their
head.
3. Do you like your own voice?

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(Answer) Well, it’s always weird to hear myself recorded, but = don’t dislike my voice.
(Give a reason for your answer) =t’s comparatively low and resonant for a girl and you
can definitely hear me in a room. I have always wanted a higher pitched voice but since
many have told me that I have a wonderful pitch, I changed my opinion about it.
4. Does your voice sound familiar to your parents?
(Answer) Well, ma ny people told me that my mom and I shared some similar traits in
terms of voice.
(Give a reason for your answer) I think my voice is the perfect combination between that
of my mom and dad, and =’m contented with it.

Vocabulary:
21. come down with [ex pression]: to start to suffer from an illness, especially one that is
not serious: bị đau
Eg: I think I'm coming down with flu.
22. laryngitis [n]: a painful swelling of the larynx, usually caused by an infection: viêm
thanh quản
Eg: Carol’s flu developed into laryngitis.
23. temporary [adj]: not lasting or needed for very long: tạm thời
Eg: The ceasefire will only provide a temporary solutio n to the crisis.
24. mature [adj]: mature people behave like adults in a way that shows they are well
developed emotionally: trưởng thành
Eg: He's very mature for his age.
25. ridiculous [adj]: stupid or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at: lố bịch
Eg : Most advertisings of this product sound ridiculous.
26. comparatively [adv]: as compared to something else: tương đối

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Eg: The test is comparatively easy for most of us.
27. resonant [adj]: clear and loud, or causing sounds to be clear and loud: vang
Eg: Huy has a deep, resonant voice.
28. similar [adj]: looking or being almost, but not exactly, the same: tương tự
Eg: My father and I have similar views on politics.
29. combination [n]: the mixture you get when two or more things are combined: sự kết
hợp
Eg: A combination of tiredness and boredom caused me to fall asleep.
30. contented [ adj]: happy and satisfied: hài lòng
Eg: He won't be contented until he's upset everyone in the office.

9. WALKING

1. Where do you usually take a walk?

(Answer) Well, = don’t walk in any particular place. I like to walk with my friends to the park
so that we can talk and feel less exhausted on the way.
(Give a reason for your answer)
2. Do you think people will walk more or not in the future?
(Answer) No, = don’t think so.
(Give a reason for you r answer) Under the pressure of such a fast -paced life, people seem
to be increasingly reluctant to have a walk regularly. Modern citizens think that driving is
a more preferable way of travelling which just eliminates the hurdle that you may
otherwise fac e if there is no public transportation available or pedestrian roads.
3. Do you walk more often in the past?
(Answer) Surprisingly, I walk more often these days than I used to in the past.

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(Give a reason for your answer) For a very long period of time, I suffered great
concentration issues and was not able to focus on one thing for a long period of time. So
I took up walking 6 months ago and thanks to this activity, my focus capacity became
sharper.
4. Do you walk a lot?

(Answer) As often as necessary - which mostly means longer distances, but the walking
experience is worth it.
(Give a reason for your answer) Otherwise, I try to use my bicycle, even in winter, to
remain in good shape . I just happen to like biking, as a sport. Also it proves to be
economical and environmentally -friendly .
Vocabulary:

31. particular [adj]: special, or this and not any other: đặc biệt
Eg: In the light of recent incidents, we are asking our customers to take particular care of
their personal bel ongings.
32. exhausted [adj]: extremely tired: kiệt sức
Eg: By the time they reached the summit they were exhausted.
33. preferable [adj]: better or more suitable: được ưa thích hơn
Eg: Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
34. eliminate [v]: to remove or take away someone or something: loại bỏ
Eg: Students only have 8 hours of tutorials a week.
35. hurdle [n]: a frame or fence for jumping over in a race: hàng rào
Eg: There are still a few technical hurdles to be surmounted before the product can be put
on sale to the public.
36. concentration issues [expression]: problems related to one’s concentration: vấn đề
tập trung
Eg: Tiredness and emotional stress can cause concentrati on issues in most people

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37. capacity [n]: someone's ability to do a particular thing: năng lực Eg: She has a great
capacity for hard work.
38. in good shape [expression]: to be prepared and ready to do something: có sức khỏe
tốt
Eg: All our bags are packed, and we don't have to leave for another hour, so we're in good
shape.
39. economical [adj]: not using a lot of fuel, money, etc.: tiết kiệm
Eg: There's increasing demand for cars that are more economical on fuel. 40.
environmentally -friendly [adj]: not harmful to the environment: thân thiện với môi
trường
Eg: There are a growing number of investors backing firms that are environmentally -
friendly.

10. MOVIES

1. What is your favorite movie?
(Answer) Well, I am an avid movie fan, and my favorite movie is Parasite, a 2019 South
Korean black comedy thriller film directed by Bong Joon -ho.
(Give a reason for your answer) It received widespread critical acclaim and won the Palme
d'Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, becoming the first Korean film to receive the award.
2. Do your friends like this movie?
(Answer) Well, it was actually my close friends who introduced me to this movie, and we
watched it together i n the cinema right on the day it was premiered .
(Give a reason for your answer) We both shared an immense love for movies with exotic
themes and twisting plots, as these excited our curiosity. As expected, Parasite is generally
gripping and finely crafte d, which left an unforgettable impression on us.

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3. What kinds of movies do you think young people like?
(Answer) Well, Action and Comedy are possibly the most popular genres of films among
youngsters.
(Explain your reason or reasons ) The young will feel relaxed or genuinely interested in
these styles of film. I also think that movies which depict real life stories or have an
unpredictable plot also capture the attention of those of a younger age.
4. Do you want to be a movie star?
(Answer) Well, not really.
(Give a reason for your answer) I do not have any particular talent for acting, singing, or
dancing. Besides, I value privacy, but being an actor means you are constantly surrounded
with paparazzi and public attention. = just can’t imagine ha ving that kind of life.

Vocabulary:
1. avid [n]: extremely eager or interested: say mê Eg: He took an avid interest in the
project.
2. acclaim [n]: public approval and praise: sự nán dương
Eg: Despite the critical acclaim, the novel did not sell well.
3. premiere [v]: if a show, film, etc. premieres or if it is premiered, the first public
performance or showing takes place: trình chiếu lần đầu
Eg: The play was premiered in New York.
4. immens e [adj]: extremely large in size or degree: to lớn
Eg: They spent an immense amount of time getting the engine into perfect condition.
5. gripping [adj]: something that is gripping is so interesting or exciting that it holds your
attention completely: thú vị
Eg: I found the book so gripping that I couldn't put it down.
6. genre [n]: a style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics:
thể loại

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Eg: What genre does the book fall into - comedy or tragedy?
7. genuinely [adv]: reall y and sincerely: thật sự Eg: ='m genuinely sorry for what = said.
8. unpredictable [adj]: likely to change suddenly and without reason and therefore not
able to be predicted (= expected before it happens) or depended on: không đoán trước
được Eg: The weath er there can be unpredictable - one minute it's blue skies and the
next minute it's pouring rain.
9. capture one’s attention [expression]: to interest someone: thu hút ai
Eg: Most of the textbooks we looked at were too dull to capture students' attention.
10. particular [adj]: special, or this and not any other: đặc biệt
Eg: In the light of recent incidents, we are asking our customers to take particular care of
their person al belongings.

11. LANGUAGES

1. Will you learn other languages in the future?

(Answer) Well, my foremost choice would be French.
(Give a reason for your answer) On the one hand, I am really into travelling to France
because this nation boasts a diverse range of culture like literature, architecture, fashion,
and cooking. A good command of French will equip me with the necessary languages to
interact with its native speakers. Besides, I know a lot of engaging French movies so that’s
quite a compelling reason to learn their language.

2. Do you think it is difficult to learn a new language?
(Answer) Yes, of course it is. Well, there are different challenges for different people and
for different languages.

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(Give a reason for your answer) For the language itself, grammar may baffle many
learners, while others can’t pick up pronunciation and struggle to memorize vocabulary.
Alphabets can be challenging, especially the complicated ones like Kanji or Tibetan.
Besides, other obstacles like the lack of time and resources generally present themselves
during the learning process.
3. What language can you spea k?
(Answer) I can speak Vietnamese and English and just a bit of Korean.
(Give a reason for your answer) I try to expose myself to the language according to my
hobbies and interests. Watching movies with subtitles, reading books on my favorite
topics or listening to music are of great help to my linguistic command.
4. Why do you learn English?

(Answer) There are many reasons to learn English nowadays.
(Give a reason for your answer) I learn English out of academic, diplomatic , commercial
or other practical considerations because it is the preferred language when
communicating with most foreigners. Practically, learning foreign language helps to
broaden my opportunities for becoming a global citizen.

Vocabulary:

1. (be) int o [adj]: to be interested in something: yêu thích cái gì
Eg: My daughter is into sports all of sudden and really wants to take tennis lessons.
2. equip [v]: to provide a person or a place with objects that are necessary for a particular
purpose: trang bị
Eg: All the police officers were equipped with shields to defend themselves against the
rioters.
3. engaging [adj]: pleasant, attractive, and charming: cuốn hút

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Eg: He has an engaging manner.
4. compelling [adj]: If a reason, argument, etc. is compelling, it makes you believe it or
accept it because it is so strong: thuyết phục
Eg: It's a fairly compelling argument for going.
5. baffle [v]: to cause someone to be completely unable to understand or explain
something: làm lạc hướng
Eg: She was completely baffled by his strange behaviour.
6. complicated [adj]: involving a lot of different parts, in a way that is difficult to
understand: phức tạp
Eg: The rules are rather complicated to follow.
7. obstacle [n]: something that blocks you so that movement, going forward, or action is
prevented or made more difficult: chướng ngại
Eg: The biggest obstacle in our way was a tree trunk in the road.
8. expose [v]: to create conditions that allow someone to h ave the opportunity to learn
or experience new things: tiếp xúc
Eg: Kate was exposed to new ideas when she went to college.
9. diplomatic [adj]: involving diplomats or the management of the relationships
between countries: ngoại giao
Eg: All diplomatic attempts at a peaceful solution to the crisis have been fruitless.
10. broaden [n]: to increase knowledge, experience: mở rộng Eg: Many peop le agree that
travel broadens the mind.

12. FRIENDS

1. What do you think makes good friends?
(Answer) Well, there are some specific attributes that make good friends.

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(Give a reason for your answer) To me, a good friend should be dependable and s incere
who is always willing to do stupid things with you and give you a lot of motivation to
overcome fierce times. = usually don’t get on well with over -sensitive or complicated
people.
2. Do you keep in contact with friends from your childhood?
(Answer) To be honest, = don’t stay in touch with a lot of my childhood friends.
(Give a reason for your answer) =’m quite an introvert and somehow prudent in
relationships, so I just talk to one old friend, Phuong Chau, in whom I can confide . We
have known each other since primary school and maintained this special bond till now.
3. What kinds of people do you like to make friends with?
(Answer) I like people who are honest with themselves and oth ers and not pretentious .
Besides, =’m also attracted to those who share a good rapport with everyone but at the
same time don't get afraid to take a stand , who handle stressful situations with humor,
who have self -respect but no ego and are willing to explore the world around them.

4. Do you think you are a good friend to others?

(Answer) Well, I hope so.
(Give a reason for your answer) From my perspective, good friends are especially
important during times of crisis and turbulence. When my friends go through a hard time,
they never failed to cheer me up and helped sail me through both emotional and
academic setbacks.

Vocabulary:

11. attribute [n]: a person that you have met but do not know well: người quen Eg: :e
gradually lost contact with all his old acquaintances.

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12. get on (well) with [expression]: to have a pleasant relationship with someone; to be
friends with someone: hòa thuận vớ i ai
Eg: I've always gotten on with Amanda — I think she's very nice.
13. introvert [n]: someone who is shy, quiet, and prefers to spend time alone rather than
often being with other people: người hướng nội
Eg: If introverts are easier to socialize, this leve l will be achieved with less effort and
attention than with extraverts.
14. prudent [adj]: careful and avoiding risks: thận trọng
Eg: It's always prudent to read a contract carefully before signing it.
15. confide [ v]: to tell something secret or personal to someone who you trust not to tell
anyone else: tâm sự
Eg: As sisters, they have always confided in each other.
16. pretentious [adj ]: trying to appear or sound more important or clever than you are,
especially in matters of art and literature: tự phụ
Eg: John is a pretentious art critic
17. rapport [n]: a good understanding of someone and an ability to communicate well
with them: mối q uan hệ
Eg: We'd worked together for years and developed a close/good rapport.
18. take a stand [expression]: to take a position in opposition to someone or something;
to oppose or resist someone or something: đứng lên phản đối Eg: The treasurer took
a stand, and others agreed.
19. turbulence [n]: a state of confusion without any order: sự xáo trộn Eg: The era was
characterized by political and cultural turbulence.
20. setback [n]: something that happens that delays or prevents a process from
developing: sự trở ngạ i
Eg: There has been a slight/temporary setback in our plans.

13. RUBBISH

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1. Why do some people throw garbage on the street?
Personally, I think the primary reason why people drop litter on the street is because of
their ignorance in keeping the street clean. There are even some trash bins but people
still throw garbage somewhere else.
2. What do you do with garbage when you are on the street?
Well, = would just pick it up and throw it into a trash bin. =t doesn’t cost me anything to do
that and I can even make an influence on other people to do the same.
3. How do you feel when you see people throw garbage on the street?
To be h onest, it really pisses me off to see a person litter the street. If I were that person,
I would feel ashamed because of what I did.
4. Do you think your city is clean or not?
Not really. There are some places that are heavily contaminated with chemical was te
because of the existence of industrial zones, however; our local authorities are really
working on this issue to help make the city clean by raising awareness among citizens and
imposing stricter laws.
VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
- =gnorance (noun): Sự thiếu hiểu biết.
Example: Our ignorance just makes environmental problems worse.
- Make an influence (verb): Tạo nên sự ảnh hưởng.
Example: He hopes to make an influence on people to download the application.
- Piss somebody off (phras al verb): Làm ai đó tức giận.
Example: He never helps with the housework and it's starting to piss me off.
- Contaminated (adjective): Làm bẩn, ô nhiễm.
Example: This area is heavily contaminated with untreated waste so people have to move
to another pla ce.
- Raise awareness of something (verb): Nâng cao nhận thức.
Example: The campaign aims to raise awareness of protecting the environment.

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14. PERFUME

1. (Do you use perfume?)
(Answer) Yes, I do, but not very often.
(Give a reason for your answer) I try not to wear perfume around people who might have
a sensitivity to it. I know a few people who get a headache when they're around people
wearing fragrances, so if I'm not sure I just don't. But there is no doubt that perfumes can
be a woman's best friend at certain times. It is an effective method to capture attention or
form a good impression.
2. (What kind of perfume do you like?)
(Answer) = am not a perfume enthusiast, so = don’t possess many kinds of perfume. =
received a bottle from Zara as a gift and I use it sparingly , whenever on special occasions.
It just makes me feel bold yet airy and comfortable. I can detect hints of vanilla and
cinnamon and a top note of orange gives this a nice citrusy twist but it is by no means a
fruity scent.
3. (What does perfume mean to you?)
(Answer) Fragrance or perfume, is evocative of an innumerable amount of things;
memories, places, people, the list goes on. There’s always one particular scent that
reminds you of a perfect holiday you took last summer or o f your lovely ex -boyfriend. And
the same goes for the perfume that makes you feel sexy; your ‘going out’ perfume and
even your
‘everyday’ perfume will conjure up some memories of people and places, and good times.
4. (Do you give perfume as a gift?) (Answe r) Well, not really.
(Give a reason for your answer) I only know some mainstream fragrances and I could
hardly guess one's tastes, so it's a risky kind of gift most of the time . A perfume could be
an option as a gift for our spouse , parents or children an d eventually siblings or very close
friends. It is an inappropriate present for a colleague, someone we barely know or
someone we have work relationships with.
Vocabulary: sensitivity [n]: the quality of being easily upset by the things people say or do,
or causing people to be upset, embarrassed, or angry: sự nhạy cảm với

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Eg: I should have warned you about her sensitivity to criticism.
capture [v]: if something captures your imagina tion or attention, you feel very interested
and excited by it: thu hút
Eg: The American drive to land a man on the Moon captured the imagination/attention of
the whole world.
sparingly [adv]: in small amounts, or without wasting any: rất ít Eg: There
wasn't enough coal during the war, so we had to use it sparingly.
detect [v]: to notice something that is partly hidden or not clear or to discover something:
phát hiện ra
Eg: Some sounds cannot be detected by the human ear.
by no means [expression]: not at all: không hề
Eg: It is by no means clear what the president can do to end the strike.
evocative [adj]: making you remember or imagine something pleasant: một cách khơi gợi
Eg: On this model, two or more different symbolic systems can be equally expressive and
evocative of genuine religious experience.
conjure up [v]: to make a picture or idea appear in someone's mind: làm hiện lên Eg: The
glittering ceremony conjured up images of Russia's imperial past.
mainstream [adj]: consid ered normal, and having or using ideas, beliefs, etc. that are
accepted by most people: theo thị hiếu
Eg: The story was largely ignored by the mainstream press.
spouse [n]: a person's husband or wife: bạn đời
Eg: In 60 percent of the households surveyed both spouses went out to work.
inappropriate [adj]: unsuitable: không phù hợp
Eg: His casual behavior was wholly inappropriate for such a formal occasion.

15. SOCIAL NETWORK

1. (How often do you use social networking applications?)
(Answer) On a daily basis .

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(Give a reason for your answer) Browsing on social networking applications is part of my
routine. :owever, =’m trying to resist the temptation to use the se applications too
frequently, because it takes up quite a large amount of my time.
2. (Why do you use social networking applications?) (Answer)
For several reasons.
(Give a reason for your answer) I find Facebook particularly useful because it provides a
community space to make announcements and share with others. I also dip in and out of
Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram - usually in response to notification alerts. Generally,
social networking applications help people establish better relationships with their family
and friends.
3. (What are the disadvantages of social networking
applications?)
(Answer) Obviously, sharing too much information on social platforms can sometimes put
you in trouble and there are privacy conc erns also. Social media can also lead to cyber
bullying and lead to serious stress, anxiety and depression in heavy users, especially
youngsters. Excessive reliance on the Virtual world could diminish a person’s ability to
have a face to face conversation .
4. (Do you think it is good to make friends online?) (Answer)
Well, it depends.
(Give a reason for your answer) While most people feel the need to cement their
friendships based on real social interactions, =’m comfortable with talking to people =’ve
met online as long as there’s a mutual exchange of ideas. However, I would caution those
who seek friends online only because they are socially insecure or lonely. Using online
platforms as an avenue for friendship does not solve your problems and it might ju st make
it worse.

Vocabulary:
on a daily basis [expression]: everyday: hằng ngày Eg: Him goes to school on a daily basis.
temptation [n]: the wish to do or have something that you know you should not do or
have: sự cám dỗ
Eg: As a young actress, sh e resisted the temptation to move to Hollywood.

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particularly [adv]: especially, or more than usual: đặc biệt là
Eg: We're particularly interested to hear from people who speak two or more European
languages.
in response to [expression]: to reply sth: để đáp lại
Eg: The subject has to select the correct word among four alternatives in response to a
question.
establish [v]: to start having a relationship with, or communicating with another person,
company, country, or organ ization: thiết lập
Eg: There is a strong need to establish effective communication links between staff,
parents, pupils, and external bodies.
cyber bullying [expression]: cyber bullying is bullying that takes place over digital devices
like cell phones, computers, and tablets: bắt nạt qua mạng Eg: 68% of teens agree that
cyber bullying is a serious problem.
excessive [adj]: too much: quá mức
Eg: Excessive exercise can sometimes cause health problems.
diminish [v]: to reduce or be reduced in size, im portance, or value: làm giảm đi Eg:
Investors can diversify their holdings in order to diminish risk.
mutual [adj]: feeling the same emotion, or doing the same thing to or for each other:
chung, lẫn nhau
Eg: Theirs was a partnership based on mutual respect, trust and understanding.
avenue [n]: a method or way of doing something: phương thức
Eg: China and the United States are exploring avenues of military cooperation.

16. MATH

1. (Do you think mathematics is important?) (Answer) Yes, of course
it is.
(Give a reason for your answer) Math is incredibly important in our lives and, without
realizing it, we use mathematical concepts, as well as the skills we learn from doing math

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problems, every day. The laws of mathematics govern ev erything around us, and without
a good understanding of them, one can encounter significant problems in life. It
encourages deliberate, creative, and systematic thinking.
2. (Do you think it is difficult to learn mathematics well?) (Answer)
Well, it is to a certain extent.
(Give a reason for your answer) Math is so overwhelming for so many students, including
myself. Many children nowadays are reported to struggle to grasp math concepts. Math
seems quite problematic because most people have learned it in a w ay that is quite
restrictive , and this is mainly the fault of the school system for teaching math.
3. (Are girls generally good at mathematics?)
(Answer) From my observations and personal experience, they are not at all.
(Give a reason for your answer) Girls tend to have less positive math attitudes: They have
higher levels of math anxiety and lower levels of confidence in their math skills. This
means even when girls show similar performance levels to boys, they are often less sure
of themselves. In gene ral, boys are better at analyzing and thinking critically, thus
outperforming their female counterparts in scientific subjects, while girls are better at
memorizing and learning languages. 4. (Do you often use a calculator?) (Answer) Not
very often.
(Give a reason for your answer) As I am an adult now, there is little need to solve
complicated calculations. However, I sometimes make use of online calculator to verify
important calculations, which I find quite handy and more reliable.

Vocabulary: govern [v]: to have a controlling influence on something: điều
khiển
Eg: Prices of goods are governed by the cost of the raw materials, as well as by the cost of
production and distribution.
encounter [v]: to experience something, especial ly something unpleasant: đối mặt với
Eg: The army is reported to be encountering considerable resistance.
systematic [adj]: according to an agreed set of methods or organized plan: có hệ thống Eg:
We've got to be more systematic in the way that we appr oach this task.

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grasp [v]: to understand something, especially something difficult: hiểu, nắm
bắt Eg: = think = managed to grasp the main points of the lecture. problematic
[adj]: full of problems or difficulties: rắc rối
Eg: Getting everyone there on time might prove problem atic. restrictive [adj]: limiting the
freedom of someone or preventing something from growing:
giới hạn
Eg: The college is not able to expand because of restrictive planning laws.
analyze [v]: to study something in a systematic and careful way: phân tí ch
Eg: =n the article, several experienced diplomats analyzed the president’s foreign policy.
outperform [v]: to do well in a particular job or activity compared to others of a similar
type: làm tốt hơn
Eg: The company has consistently outperformed its rivals this season. verify [v]: to prove
that something exists or is true, or to make certain that somet hing is correct: chứng thực
Eg: These numbers are surprisingly high and they'll have to be verified.
handy [adj]: useful or convenient: tiện Eg: We found it handy to have
a cellular phone.

17. TRAVELLING

1. Do you like to travel?
(Answer) Yes, abso lutely.
(Explain) Travelling is my top hobby because whenever I travel, I can meet and get to
know many new people from different cultures and nations, which helps me to broaden
my horizons.
2. Do you often travel by air?
(Answer) No, not much.
(Explain) Travelling by air too often is out of my reach for a student like me. However, I
do travel by air once or twice a year to an ASEAN member because the airfares to these
destinations are quite affordable.

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3. How long was the longest trip you took?
(Answer) I went on a 9 -day trip to Thailand and this was my longest trip ever.
(Extend) I spent 3 days in Bangkok, 2 days in Pattaya and 3 days in Phuket. The remaining
one day was allocated for moving.
4. Which country would you like to travel to in the future?
(Answer) Italy is my dream destination (explain) as it is home to the most stunning
churches in the world. Also, I love the Italian culture, language and friendly people whom
=’ve met in Vietnam.
5. Would you like to travel to space?
(Answer) Yes, it sounds a bit weird and scary though.
(Explain) I am curious about how other planets look and how I would be when there is no
gravity. This idea really scares me off but as it sounds pretty intriguing, I would like to try
travelling to space once.

Vocabulary
1. To leave for: rời khỏi một nơi để đi đến nơi nào khác.
Before leaving for Singapore, we had to check if we had all the documents needed at
least twice.
Trước khi đi đến Singapore, chúng tôi đã phải kiểm tra hơn 2 lần là đã có đủ giấy tờ cần
thiết.
2. To broaden my horizons: mở rộng tầm nhìn.
We should go to other countr ies, getting to know more people and their cultures to
broaden our horizons .
Chúng ta nên đi nước ngoài, làm quen với nhiều người và với nền văn hóa của họ để mở
rộng tầm nhìn hơn.
3. Out of someone’s reach: ngoài tầm với của ai đó.
We should make sure that all the dangerous things are kept out of children’s reach .
Compromising on safety can make us pay a high price.

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Chúng ta nên chắc chắn rằng tất cả những vật nguy hiểm được đặt ngoài tầm với của trẻ
em, việc Xem nhẹ sự an toàn có thể khiến chúng ta trả giá đắt.
4. To go on a trip: đi du lịch.
We went on a long trip to Thailand last summer.
Chúng tôi có một ch uyến đi dài ngày đến Thái Lan hè năm ngoái.
5. Be home to: là nơi ở của.
A rain forest is home to a wide range of species of animals and plants.
Rừng mưa nhiệt đới là nơi ở của nhiều loài động vật và thực vật.

18. BORROWING/LENDING

1. (Have you borrowed books from others?)
(Answer) Yes, I sometimes do.
(Give a reason for your answer) =’m an avid reader of books and novels, but there are
certain books I may not be able to afford. Therefore, I borrow them from my close friends
occasionally and afterwards, I treat them to a drink in return for their generosity.
2. (Have you ever borrowed money from others?)
(Answer) Yes, I have but quite rarely.
(Give a reason for your answer) I borrowed money from my uncle to study for university,
and it turned out alright. I paid him on time and there were never any problems. I paid it
off after a few years and w e are still close. Having said that, I usually don't recommend
borrowing money from family members or close friends. I've seen it go badly too many
times. When you borrow money from a relative, and miss a payment, things get very
awkward when they have to come collect.
3. (Do you like lending things to others?)
(Answer) Well, to be honest, the answer is no.

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(Give a reason for your answer) Too often the things that you lend don't return, and they
very seldom return in the same condition, minus ordinary wear and tear . In my opinion,
unless we have complete trust in someone, we rarely feel ready to lend valuable or too
fragile items to others.
4. (How do you feel when people don’t return things they borrowed from you?) (Answer)
Well, it depends.
(Give a reaso n for your answer) If that object is too important to be stolen from me, I will
persist and try to get it back. If I can spare the item or money, I would probably write it
off and consider it a lesson learned. All of these choices will probably hurt the re lationship,
which is why I assume it's generally best not to borrow from or lend to someone you want
to remain friends with.

Vocabulary:
41. avid [adj]: extremely eager or interested: khao khát
Eg: She hadn't seen him for six months and was avid for news.
42. in return for [expression]: as an exchange for something: để đáp lại
Eg: The farmer offered us food in return for our work.
43. recommend [v]: to suggest that someone or something would be good or suitable for
a particular job or purpose, or to suggest that a particular action should be done: đề
xuất, giới thiệu
Eg: I can recommend the chicken in mushroom sauce - it's delicious.
44. awkward [adj]: difficult to use, do, or deal with: khó xử
Eg: So me of the questions were rather awkward.
45. seldom [adv]: almost never: hiếm khi
Eg: Seldom do we receive any apology when mistakes are made.

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46. wear and tear [expression]: the damage that happens to an object in ordinary use
during a period: sự hao mòn
Eg: Seat covers on buses take a lot of wear and tear.
47. fragile [adj]: easily damaged, broken, or harmed: mỏng manh, dễ vỡ
Eg: Be careful with that vase - it's very fragile.
48. persist [v]: to try to do or continue doing something in a determined but often
unreasonable way: kiên trì với
Eg: If he persists in asking awkward questions, then send him to the boss.
49. write sth off [v]: to decide that a particular pe rson or thing will not be useful,
important, or successful: không cần cái gì nữa
Eg: A lot of companies seem to write people off if they're over 50.
50. assume [v]: to accept something as true without question or proof: cho rằng
Eg: We can’t assume (that) h e’s innocent simply because he says he is.

19. READING

1. Do you like reading?
Definitely. It is one of my hobbies to relieve stress and broaden my knowledge when I
have free time.
2. What kind of books do you read?
→ Well, =’m very into science fiction books , which entertain me a lot, besides giving
interesting information. 3. Do you read electronic books?
→ Not really. I am a big fan of printed books since it provides a less harmful effect on my
eyes.
4. Do you read books related to your profession?
Yes, I do. I usually do research about my profession so reading books can help me gain
an insight into my field.

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VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
- Relieve stress (verb): Giaỉ tỏa căng thẳng
Ex ample: Going swimming is a good way to relieve stress
- Broaden one’s knowledge (verb): Mở mang kiến thức.
Example: I think reading books can help me broaden my knowledge.
- Science fiction book: Sách khoa học viễn tưởng.
Example: I am really into science fiction books, which entertain me a lot.
- A big fan of something (expression): Người hâm mộ cuồng nhiệt.
Example: I am a big fan of Adele; I listen to every song of hers.
- Printed book: Sách in.
Example: They are publishing a printed book after many years.


20. SMILE

1. (Do you like to smile?)
(Answer) Yes, most people say that I have a cheerful disposition.
(Give a reason for your answer) I always remind myself that life isn't simple and it doesn't
come without obstacles , so smiling keeps you always optimistic. As I see it, people with
great smiles radiate a warmth that draws others to them instantly.
2. (When do people smile at others?)
(A nswer) People smile for different reasons, in various contexts .
(Give a reason for your answer) Most often, people of all ages will smile when something
is giving them pleasure. Sometimes we do smile simply because we are happy, but we
also smile for soc ial reasons and to put people at ease , as well as to show more complex
emotions, such as resignation.

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3. (Do you smile when people take pictures of you?) (Answer) Yes, I actually
smile all the time.
(Answer) Smiling in pictures makes me look more photogenic and approachable. Besides,
I smile to spread happiness. Pictures are clicked to capture and relive the moment. And
how do we like to do that? In a happy way! So we smile.
4. (Can you recognize a fake smile?) (Answer) Yes, probably.
(Give a reason for your answer) When you smile genuinely, there are two kinds of
muscles involved in your face. A spontaneous smile of joy has upward and widening
movement of the mouth into a broad grin, and movement of the muscle around the eyes.
A fake or social smile, controll ed by the motor cortex, has only the upward movement of
the mouth, it is slower and less symmetric .

Vocabulary:
disposition [n]: the particular type of character that a person naturally has: tính khí Eg: She
is of a nervous/cheerful/sunny disposition.
obstacle [n]: something that blocks you so that movement, going forward, or action is
prevented or made more difficult: chướng ngại
Eg: The biggest obstacle in our way was a tree trunk in the road.
radiate [v]: to express strongly an emotion or quality, or (of an emotion or quality) to be
expressed strongly by someone: phát ra Eg: He simply radiates integrity. context [n]: th e
situation within which something exists or happens, and that can help explain it: ngữ cảnh
Eg: It is important to see all the fighting and bloodshed in his plays in historical context. at
ease [expression]: relaxed: thoải mái
Eg: She soon put/set me a t ease (= made me relaxed). resignation [n]: a sad feeling of
accepting something that you do not like because you cannot easily change it: sự chấp
nhận
Eg: She received the disappointing news with resignation. photogenic [adj]: having a face
that looks attractive in photograph: ăn ảnh Eg: =t is the photogenic young man or woman
who becomes a political leader — and perhaps we are all the better for that. capture [v]:

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if something captures your imagination or attention, you feel very interested and excited
by it: thu hút
Eg: The American drive to land a man on the Moon captured the imagination/attention
of the whole world. spontaneous [adj]: happening or done in a natural, often sudden
way, without any planning or without being forced: tự nhiên
Eg: His jokes seemed spontaneous, but were in fact carefully prepared beforehand.
symmetric [adj]: having similarity in size, shape, and relative position of corresponding
parts: đối xứng
Eg: The structure is completely symmetric.

21. PLAN

1. (Do you make plans every day?)
(Answer) Yes, I do, for many reasons.
(Give a reason for your answer) I always carry a small notebook which I plan my daily
schedule with, plans and notes. It sounds quite conventional but it works for me. Writing
stuff down helps me remember tasks better than typing on some kind of productive app.
I spend about 5 minutes a t the beginning and end of every day to plan that day and the
next day’s tasks. The important thing is you need to keep your to -do list small, it's about
prioritizing .
2. (Are you good at managing your time?)
(Answer) Objectively speaking, I am quite good a t it.
(Give a reason for your answer) I think once you are in the habit of controlling yourself
according to your time table, life becomes very easy. Good time management will help you
with various other skills and competencies that graduate employers see k, from
perseverance, resilience, reliability and coping with stress to problem solving and
teamwork.
3. (What is the latest plan you made?)

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(Answer) Well, =’ve recently planned to travel across the country before the age of 30. =
want to visit different pl aces as much as possible to gain first -hand knowledge and
experience. Travelling fascinates me more than anything else. In reality, it would be quite
challenging for me to fulfil the plan, but I will try my best to organize everything even it
takes several years for me.
4. (What is the hardest part about making plan?)
(Answer) Well, there are a lot of considerations when preparing for a plan, but I think it is
establishing goals.
(Give an example (often a personal example)) Establishing clear, concise and
understandable goals — is extremely necessary. When people can't see the vision of the
plan, they won't take action to pursue the plan. Clear objectives should be come up with,
whereas teammates or members should also be gathered and delegated tasks
appropriately, if needed.

Vocabulary:
productive [adj]: resulting in or providing a large amount or supply of something: có hiệu
quả, năng suất
Eg: He had an amazingly productive five years in which he managed to write four novels.
prioritize [v]: to decide which of a group of things are the most impor tant so that you can
deal with them first: ưu tiên Eg: You must learn to prioritize your work.
in the habit of [expression]: if you are in the habit of doing something, you do it regularly
or often: có thói quen làm gì
Eg: They were in the habit of givi ng two or three dinner parties a month.
perseverance [n]: continued effort and determination: sự kiên trì Eg:
Through hard work and perseverance, he worked his way up to the top.
cope with [v]: deal with: đối mặt với
Eg: It must be really hard to cope with three young children and a job. first -hand [adj]:
obtained personally, or directly from someone who is personally involved in something:
trực tiếp
Eg: He has firsthand experience of what war is like.

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fascinate [v] : to interest someone a lot: lôi cuốn, hấp dẫn ai Eg: Anything to do with planes
and flying fascinates him. concise [adj]: expressing what needs to be said without
unnecessary words; short and clear: súc tích
Eg: She wrote up a concise summary of the da y’s events. objective [n]: something that you
plan to do or achieve: mục tiêu Eg: Can the sales team achieve/meet its financial
objectives? delegate [v]: to give a particular job, duty, right, etc. to someone else so that
they do it for you: phân công vi ệc
Eg: Authority to make financial decisions has been delegated to a special committee.

22. VISIT RELATIVES

1. (Do you often visit your relatives?)
(Answer) Yes, I do.
(Give a reason for your answer) I like many of my relatives who are very compassionate,
lovely and friendly to me and among them I would pick my younger uncle as the best
relative in terms of our mutual understanding, closeness and communications.
2. (What do you do when visiting relative s?)
(Answer) There are a lot of activities.
(Give a reason for your answer) We often discuss our family issues, our thoughts on
politics , religion, books writers, movies, music and on many other issues. In our big family,
we share our books and recommend books to each other. Generally, adults also share
heartfelt words to youngsters and advise them on how to behave decently.
3. (When was the last time you visited a relative?)
(Answer) Well, it was just last week when = visited my uncle’s family and my gra ndparents,
who reside with him in the countryside. We went for a short walk near the field after
breakfast to relax in nature and soak up some much -needed Vitamin D, which is necessary
for elderly people.

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4. (Why do people visit relatives?)
(Answer) For ma ny reasons, I believe.
(Give a reason for your answer) Simply hanging out with family that you don’t see all the
time is great. You get a chance to catch up with everyone and figure out what they're doing
with their lives. You also get to laugh and just b e weird because they don’t judge you for
your weirdness . Above all, the memories are the best when you’re with your family sitting
around and reminiscing about things that you've done together.
Vocabulary: compassionate [adj]: showing
compassion: trắc ẩ n
Eg: The public's response to the crisis appeal was generous and compassionate.
closeness [n]: the quality of knowing someone very well, liking them a lot, and wanting to
spend a lot of time together: sự thân thiết
Eg: A special closeness is supposed to exist between twins. politics [n]: the activities of the
government, members of law -makin g organizations, or people who try to influence the
way a country is governed: chính trị
Eg: After 30 years in politics, our local member of parliament is retiring next year.
heartfelt [adj]: strongly felt and sincere: chân thành
Eg: Please accept my he artfelt apologies/thanks. decently [adv]: in a
way that is socially acceptable or good: đứng đắn
Eg: She admitted that she hadn't always behaved decently.
reside [v]: to live, have your home, or stay in a place: sinh sống
Eg: The family now resides in s outhern France.
soak up [v]: to enjoy the effects or experience of something as much as possible:
tận hưởng
Eg: I love to lie on the beach and soak up the sun.

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necessary [adj]: needed in order to do something: cần thiết
Eg: The police are prepared to use force, if necessary. weirdness
[n]: the quality of being strange and unusual: sự kì quái
Eg: It's a comedy which often succeeds in capturing the weirdness of real life.
reminisce [v]: to talk or write about past experiences that you remember with pleasure:
hồi tưởng
Eg: Grandpa likes to reminisce about his years in the navy.

23. STREET MARKET

- Do you currently live in a house or a flat/ apartment?
Answer: I’m living in an apartment which is fully -furnished and has all the mod cons . I share
my bed room with another person and we have been living there for over 1 year.
- Are street mar kets common in your country?
Answer: Yes, definitely. They exist everywhere and Vietnamese people go to street markets
on a daily basis .
- What is usually sold there?
Answer: Well, you can find trendy clothes at a reasonable price in any street markets in
Vietnam.
- Do you think people like street markets? Why?
Answer: I do think people enjoy street markets since they are ideal places to let off steam
and bargain with sellers to get a discount.

VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
1. Fully -furnished (adj): Trang bị đầy đủ.
The flat is fully -furnished, therefore, we don’t have to buy anything.

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2. All the mod cons (n):Những vật dụng làm cho công việc nhà đơn giản như máy rủa chén,
máy giặt đồ.
Don’t worry! Our house has all the mod cons, which is very convenient.
3. On a daily basis (adj): Thường xuyên, hằng ngày.
You should do exercise on a daily b asis in order to improve your physical health.
4. Let off steam (v): Thư giãn.
We should go for a drink tonight to let off some steam.
5. Bargain (v): Trả giá.
Bargain hard when you go to Ben Thanh Market; otherwise you may get ripped off.

24. OUTDOOR ACT IVITIES
Do you like outdoor activities?
Definitely! I think outdoor activities do wonders for our mental and physical health. So, I
often spend my leisure time playing sports or taking a walk around the park.
What outdoor activities do you (most) like to do?
Well, I enjoy lots of activities l ike hiking, camping or skateboarding, but =’m particularly
keen on cycling, especially in the open countryside. =t’s fun, relaxing and easy to do, you
know. More than that, biking helps me get energized and ward off feelings of exhaustion.
What outdoor spo rts do you like? (Why?)
=’m really into playing badminton. =t’s quite popular in my country so = can play it with my
friends, my family members or my next -door neighbor and strengthen the bond with them.
Moreover, badminton develops my quick reflexes as well, so = do think it’s a fantastic sport.
How much time do you spend outdoors every week?
On average, I guess that I do some outdoors activity 2 or 3 times a week . I normally spend
at least one morning per week cycling, and take part in some sports o r other outdoor
activities when =’m free. =t’s not so frequent, = know, which is due to my busy schedule, but
I always try to arrange as much time as possible for some outdoor exercise.
Do Vietnamese people go out a lot?

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=t’s kind of hard to say, but people around me tend to spend more time indoors. They’re
living a fast -paced lifestyle with most of their time devoted to working, commuting and
connecting on social media, so, doing things outdoors doesn’t seem to be a regu lar or
important part of their calendar.
What (types of) outdoor activities are popular in your country?
Well, probably jogging and yoga. =’m not sure about this but in my country, you can easily
catch sight of groups of people from all walks of life jog ging or doing yoga in the parks
every morning or in the evening. So, these may be the most popular outdoor activities, I
guess.
How and where do people in your country usually socialize?
People in my country nowadays tend to socialize at work or at schoo l. Besides, people of
my age often meet up and chat in coffee shops or restaurants which are popular and often
beautifully designed, while the older usually get together in the parks or gather at
someone’s home to cook and exchange pleasantries.

Vocabul ary
1. Do wonders (for sb/sth) (có lợi cho) [expression] have a beneficial effect Example:
Fresh air and excercise do wonders for your health.
2. Be keen on (expression) (rất thích): liking sth/somebody very much; be very interested
in something
Ex: :e’s mad ke en on planes – he has a huge collection of photos of aircraft.
3. The open countryside (expression): far from cities or many houses or other buildings
Ex: I love to walk in the open countryside, through the fields and over the mountains.
4. Energized (adjectiv e): (cảm thấy tràn đầy năng lượng) feel full of energy or enthusiasm
Example: Doing some morning yoga is a natural way to get more energized.
5. ward off (phrasal verb) (né, tránh): to protect yourself against danger or illness
Example: She often carries a b it of fresh ginger to ward off headache.
6. Be into something (expression): (Thích thú) to be interested in something in an active
way.
Ex: :e’s into surfing in a big way – he goes to the beach every weekend.

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7. Strengthen the bond (expression): to make a con nection stronger between people or
things
Ex: The peace treaty strengthened the bond of friendship between the governments of the
two countries.
8. reflex (noun): (phản xạ) a person’s ability to respond to new or changing stimuli.
Example: A sportsperson must have quick reflexes, especially in sports such as tennis or
football.
9. Schedule (noun): a plan of all the things that you have to do
Ex: My s chedule today includes lunch with the company director and a meeting with a
client in the afternoon.
10. Fast -paced (adjective): (nhịp độ nhanh) happening very quickly
Example: =t’s a myth that all older people struggle with the fast -pacedevolution of
techn ology.
11. Catch sight of (expression): (bắt gặp, nhìn thấy) see something for only a moment
Example: I caught sight of someone with red hair and I knew it was you.
12. Socialize (verb): to meet and spend time with people in a friendly way, in order to
enjoy you rself
Ex: At university, I enjoyed socializing with other students.

25. WEATHER

What kind of weather is typical in your hometown?
Since my country is located near the Equator, Ho Chi Minh City, where I live, usually has
boiling hot weather , which is not my cup of tea .
What’s your favorite season?
If I had to choose, I would choose winter because the weather gets much warmer, and I
can wear fashionable clothes that are only suitable for this season.
What kind of weather do you like most? Do you prefer dry or wet weather?
= like sunny weather, but not when it’s too hot because it gets a bit humid after a while.

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Personally, =’ll go for dry weather since = don’t want to get caught up in a rain storm and
soaked to the bone.
VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
Boiling weather (expression): Thời tiết nóng.
VD: Don’t go to the North in summer! =t’s boiling weather.
:umid (adjective): :ầm, khô.
VD: The weather is really humid, you should drink a lot of water.
Get caught up in a rain (=diom): Bị dính mưa. VD: =t
suddenly rained and I got caught up in the rain,
Soaked to the sink (=diom): Uớt như chuột lột.
VD: He c ame home with his outfit soaked to the sink.

26. PATIENCE

1. What do you think "patience" is?
Well, = suppose “patience” indicates a person’s capacity to wait or to endure delay or
something tedious or annoying without complaining and getting riled ab out it.
2. Do you think patience is important?
Yes, being patient is vital because it is helpful in many situations.Being impatient does not
solve the problems but causes more trouble. Also, individual people tend to like patient
people because they usual ly have calm attitudes and an easy -going personality.
3. (Possibly) Do you think being patient is an important part of being polite? Of course,
being patient shows your respectful and thoughtful attitudes to others. For example, at
the coffee shop, people have to queue in line and wait patiently for their turn.
4. Would you say you are a patient person?
Generally, =’m an impatient person because = hate waiting for other people. = can easily
get an noyed if my friends do not turn up on time. However, in certain situations, I can
remain patient, like studying English every day without feeling bored.
5. Have you ever lost your patience?

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Yes, I have. Last week, I planned to hang out with my friend at th e KFC restaurant. But my
friend didn’t come and she made me wait for more than thirty minutes. = called her and
she didn’t even respond to it. Being tired of waiting for so long, = just left her a message
reproaching her and saying that she did not need to come any more. I was so angry that I
did not talk to her for a few days.
6. What do you become impatient about?
As I mentioned previously, I loathe waiting for individuals or something taking up too much
time. It usually makes me feel upset and irritated .

Vocabulary:
1. tedious (adjective) boring
Ex: The problem is I find most forms of exercise so tedious .
2. get riled (expression) to get very annoyed (vô cùng tức giận) Ex: I got riled when the
shop a ssistant was rude to me.
3. easy -going (adjective) relaxed and happy to accept things without worrying (dễ gần,
thoải mái)
Ex: She won’t get angry if you’re late, she’s very easy -going.
4. respectful (adjective) showing politeness or honor to someone or something (kính
trọng)
Ex: There was a respectful two -minute silence as we remembered the soldiers who had
died in the war .
5. thoughtful (adjective) carefully cons idering things (thận trọng, chín chắn) Ex: He has a
thoughtful approach to his work , planning everything well.
6. queue (verb) to wait in a line of people , often to buy something (xếp hàng nối đuôi
nhau)
Ex: Dozens of people were queuing up to get tickets .
7. get annoyed (verb phrase): become angry (tức giận)
Ex: He got annoyed at the way she tried to take over the whole meeting .
8. turn up (phrasal verb): to arrive (đến, xuất hiện)
Ex: We arranged to meet at midday, but he didn’t turn up.

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9. loathe (verb) hate somebody or something very much (ghét) Ex: From an early age the
brothers have loathed each other.
10. hang out with somebody (expression) spend time with somebody(đi chơi với ai) Ex:
When I have free time, I hang out with friends and we listen to music or chat.
11. repro ach (verb) to criticize someone, especially for not being successful or not doing
what is expected (sự trách mằng, chỉ trích)
Ex: His mother reproached him for not eating all his dinner .
12. irritated (adjective) annoyed (giận dữ)
Ex: I began to get increasingly irritated at her foolish questions
27. ANIMAL

1. Have you ever kept pets?
(Answer) Yes, I used to have one.

(Give a reason for your answer) My father got a dog for me when I was 5. Yet, I remember
he was so aggressive that we rarely played with him. He was kept only for guarding the
house. Later on, when he started recognizing us, he allowed us to approach him. I
remember my sister actually felt attached to him a great deal, so when he died, it was a
true shock for he r.

2. Do you like to go to the zoo?
(Answer) Actually, I don't like going to the zoo.
(Give a reason for your answer) It is so sad to see the miserable animals sitting, running
about sadly in their cage, hoping for some scraps from the visitors. They d on't deserve it.
But on the other side, some of them will live in danger if they are allowed to live in their
natural environment.

3. Have you ever seen any wild animals before?

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(Answer) Honestly, not even once in person but of course plenty of times on TV through
National Geographic TV shows.
(Give a reason for your answer) =n my twenty years of existence, = still haven’t seen one
real wild animal before with my naked eyes . Some of the amazing wild animals that =’ve
seen on television are zebras, gorillas, giraffes, coyotes , hedgehogs, otters, and lions. I
really don’t get a chance to visit any zoos in this country.
4. What wild animal do you like the most?

(Answer) Actually, I do not h ave any particular kinds of wild animal that I like.

(Give a reason for your answer) If I have to pick one, I prefer to choose elephants. They
look different from any other animal you’ve ever seen, they have a trunk, tusks and
they’re massive in size. T hey are closely related to the extinct mammoth and that is why
elephants are so unique. Besides, in comparison with other kinds of animals, they are
much more intelligent.


Vocabulary:
aggressive [adj]: behaving in an angry and violent way towards another person: hung hăng
Eg: If I criticize him, he gets aggressive and starts shouting.
approach [v]: to come nearer to something or someone: tiếp cận, lại gần Eg:
Under no circumstances should you approach the man.
(be) attached to [adj]: to like someone or something very much: gắn
kết Eg: Steve really gets attached to his cats. miserable [adj]: very
unhappy: đau khổ
Eg: She's miserable living on her own. deserve [v]: to have earned or to be given
something because of the way you have behaved or the qualities you have: xứng đáng
Eg: After all that hard work, you deserve a holiday.
with the naked eyes [expression]: without using any special device for making ima ges
larger: với mắt thường

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Eg: We live miles away, but on a clear night, you can see the city skyscrapers with the naked
eye.
coyote [n]: a small wild animal like a dog that lives in North America: chó sói Eg: Chickens
need protection from predators su ch as coyotes, foxes, and owls.
particular [adj]: special, or this and not any other: đặc biệt
Eg: In the light of recent incidents, we are asking our customers to take particular care of
their personal belongings.
massive [adj]: very large in size, amount, or number: to lớn
Eg: If the drought continues, deaths will occur on a massive scale.
in comparison with [expression]: when compared with sth: khi được so sánh với Eg: The
paintings he made later pale in comparison with his earlier work.

28. TEA OR COFFEE

1. (Do Vietnamese people like to drink tea or coffee?)
(Answer) Well, both are Vietnamese people’s favorite drink, but = think tea is a more
preferable choice.
(Give a reason for your answer) In Vietnam, tea is said to appear in almost every social
activity: from wedding, birthday to anniversary and ritual ceremonies. A cup of hot tea in
the early morning after breakfast, some iced tea at small stalls while waiting for a friend,
or a whole day chilling out in a teahouse; that is the way tea penetrates into Vietnamese’
daily life.
2. (Do you prepare tea or coffee for the guests at home?)
(Answer) When it comes to treating my guests, I want them to experience a sense of
warmth and delight , so I most often choose tea. Tea and biscuits is the perfect
combination for many people, especially children. If I serve my guests a cup of coffee, this
may some how disturb their sleep at night.
3. (When was the last time you drank tea or coffee?)

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(Answer) Well, I drink coffee on a frequent basis, for the sake of my hectic schedule. (Give
a reason for your answer) Yesterday, I made myself a cup of coffee to prep are for the
demanding working deadline. Honestly, I want to break the habit of overusing coffee, but
given my demanding workload, that prospect seems out of the question , at least at the
moment. It turns out that early morning coffee drinkers should also c onsider adjusting
their schedule to better optimize their caffeine intake. The best times to drink coffee — or
caffeine in general — is between 10 a.m. and noon, and between 2 p.m. and 5 p.m.

Vocabulary:
preferable [adj]: better or more suitable: đượ c ưa thích hơn Eg:
Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
ritual [n]: a ritual is also any act done regularly, usually without thinking about it:
nghi lễ
Eg: My morning ritual includes reading the newspaper while I drink my coffee.
penetr ate [v]: to move into or through something: thâm nhập
Eg: In a normal winter, the frost penetrates deeply enough to kill off insect eggs in the soil.
delight [n]: (something or someone that gives) great pleasure, satisfaction, or happiness:
sự vui vẻ
Eg: I read your letter with great delight. disturb [v]: to
interrupt what someone is doing: làm phiền
Eg: I'm sorry to disturb you so late, but my car's broken down and I don't have my phone
with me. for the sake of [expression]: in order to help or bring advantage to someone: vì
lợi ích của Eg: Their parents only stayed together for the sake of the children.
break the habit of [expression]: to stop doing a rou tine action or activity: phá vỡ thói quen
Eg: I struggled to break the habit of biting my nails, but getting regular manicures helped.
demanding [adj]: needing a lot of time, attention, or energy: đòi hỏi cao
Eg: She's hoping to find a job which is mo re demanding intellectually.
out of the question [expression]: not possible; having no chance; not permitted: không thể
Eg: I'm sorry, but your taking my car is out of the question.

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optimize [v]: to make something as good as possible: tối ưu hóa Eg:
We need to optimize our use of the existing technology.

29. SLEEP

How long should people sleep for the benefit of their health? Why?
(Answer) =’m not too sure, but according to what = have read, around 8 hours of sleep per
day would be optimal . (Give reason for your answer) This is said to be the perfect amount
of time for people to rejuvenate and recharge their minds and bodies. If peo ple constantly
sleep a lot more than this recommended amount of time, they are more likely to be prone
to obesity , which will certainly carry serious health risks .
Do you think that the old should sleep more than the young? Why?
(Answer) No, = don’t thin k that should be the case. (Give reason for your answer) I believe
that the amount of time people spend resting should correlate with how much they exert
themselves during the day. Usually, young people spend more of their energy on physical
activities so it’s more reasonable for the young to sleep more than the elderly.
What do you do to improve sleeping quality?
(Answer) There are several measures that can be taken to assure a quality sleep. (Give
reason for your answer) First, I make sure that I work o ut at the gym or take gentle
exercise as I usually find myself drifting to sleep faster and sleep more soundly after I have
taken regular exercise during the daytime. In addition, I find that some soothing music
and comfy pillows are really helpful in ensu ring a good night’s sleep. Do you think it's
effective?
(Answer) Yes, from my personal experience, the solutions I mentioned have proved to be
quite effective. (Give reason for your answer) When =’m drained after a long day or =’ve
done a hardcore work -ou t at the fitness centre, I am often sore all over and crave for some
rest. Then, nothing is more satisfying than to crash out at night, falling asleep while
listening to slow and relaxing melodies.

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Vocabulary
Từ vựng chủ đề Health
1. to be prone to obesity (expression)
Meaning: to be likely to become fat in an unhealthy way
Example: Children who are addicted to watching television, instead of playing outdoor
games, are more prone to obesity . 2. to carry health risks (expression)
Meaning: to have effects which could be bad for one’s health
Example: Smoking and drinking alch ohol are potentially dangerous habits, because they
carry serious health risks .
3. to take regular exercise (expression)
Meaning: to do some physical activity on a regular basis
Example: Authorities should encourage people of all ages to take regular exercise by
providing facilities in each community.

Từ vựng chủ đề Sports and exercise
1. to exert oneself (reflexive verb)
Meaning: to make a big physical effort to do something
Example: I believe that sports professionals deserve high salaries, becaus e constant hard
training is necessary so that they can exert themselves to the limit when they compete.
2. to work out at the gym (expression)
Meaning: to train the body by physical exercise at the gym
Example: As part of a healthy lifestyle, people of all ages should work out at the gym on a
regular basis.
3. to take gentle exercise (expression)
Meaning:to do exercise which is not physically de manding or tiring
Example: Even the elderly can keep fit by taking gentle exercise , like jogging or even a
walk in the park.

Other vocabulary:
1. optimal (tối ưu) [adjective]
Meaning: best ; most likely to bring success or advantage

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Example: The optimal temperature for the development of larvae is in the range 18 –26˚C.
2. to rejuvenate (làm trẻ lại, khỏe lại) [verb]
Meaning: to make somebody/something look or feel younger, more lively or more modern
Example: Special creams can be used to rejuvenate the skin.
3. to sleep soundly (ngủ ngon lành, yên lành)
Meaning: if you sleep soundly, you sleep very well and very deeply
Example: The baby was sleeping soundly after listening to his mother’s lullaby.
4. soothing (dịu dàng, êm ái) [adjective]
Meaning: making somebody who is anxious, upset, etc. feel calmer/ making a tense or
painful part of your body feel more comfortable
Example: The soothing voice of the singer made everyone in the audience feel relaxed.
5. drained (kiệt sức, mệt mỏi) [adjective]
Meaning: very tired and without energy
Example: The death of her father left her emotionally drained.
6. crave for something (thèm cái gì) [phrasal ver b]
Meaning: to have a very strong desire for something
Example: Pregnant women can occasionally crave for weird food.
7. to crash out [phrasal verb]
Meaning: to throw yourself down to sleep in an exhausted state
Example: After the late -night party at m y house, several of my friends crashed out on the
floor.

30. SKY

1. Do you like to watch the sky?
(Answer) Yes, I have to say I am a fan of watching the sky.
(Give a reason for your answer) To me, the sky is a magnificent work of art and I really
appreciate the aesthetic qualities of it. The color, the clouds… are just so beautiful.
2. What is the sky like at night in your hometown?

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(Answer) The night sky where I live is simply a breathtaking view .
(Give a reason for your answer) As I live in the countryside, the sky is not affected by light
pollution, so there are numerous shining stars in a broad blackish background. Therefore,
the view is perfect for anyone w ho has a thirst for freedom.
3. Do you like to watch stars?
(Answer) I find star -watching extremely interesting.
(Give a reason for your answer) I believe that every star in the cosmos has its own function
and holds a unique mystery to be discovered. This is a great inspiration to me .
4. Have you ever taken a course about stars?
(Answer) = haven’t ever enrolled in such courses, but = would love to in the future. (Give a
reason for your answer) I have always wanted to know how constellations retain their
shape in zero gravity without floating through space.
5. What’s your favorite st ar?
(Answer) The Sun is my favorite star, I would say.
(Give a reason for your answer) This is because of its power and importance to life. If we
could find a star similar to the Sun out there in space, we would be able to discover alien
life forms and c omplete our quest for a new homeland .

Vocabulary
Từ vựng trong chủ đề Arts:
1. a work of art/a work of music/a work of literature (expression): a painting, sculpture,
book, play, piece of music etc
Nghĩa: một bức họa, tác phẩm điêu khắc, cuốn sách, vở k ịch, đoạn nhạc…
Example: Shakespeare’s plays are considered as one of the greatest works of literature in
the English language.
2. the aesthetic qualities of something (expression): The qualities related to beauty and
understanding the beauty of something.
Nghĩa: Những đặc trưng liên quan đến vẻ đẹp và sự thấu hiểu vẻ đẹp của cái gì
Example: One advantage of studying the arts is that students learn to appreciate the
aesthetic qualities of paintings, literature and music.

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Từ vựng trong chủ để Tourism:
1. a breathtaking view (expression): an extremely beautiful view
Example: From the top of the mountain, there is a breathtaking view of the coast.
Nghĩa: cảnh đẹp vô cùng
2. to have a thirst for something (expression): to have a strong desire for something
Example: He has been all over the world, but he still has a thirst for seeing new places
and enjoying new experiences.
Nghĩa: khao khát mãnh liệt được làm gì Từ
vựng chủ đề Space Exploration:
1. The cosmos (noun): the universe, especially when it is thought of as an ordered system
Example: Although the challenge of exploring and understanding the cosmos is exciting,
it is also very expensive
Nghĩa: Vũ trụ, đặc biệt khi chỉ vũ trụ là một hệ thống có trật tự
2. To be an inspiration to (expression): to make somebody excited about something,
especially thinking of the future
Example: The images of the first men on the moon were an inspiration to people, and
made them more hopeful about the future.
Nghĩa: khiến ai đó hưng phấn vì điều gì, đặc biệt là khi nghĩ về tương lai
3. Zero gravity (expression): having no force to pull objects to the ground, so that they
float.
Example: Living in conditions of zero gravity in space must be extremely tiring and
uncomfortable.
Nghĩa: không có lực tác động kéo vật xuống mặt đất nên chúng trôi nổi
4. To float through space (expression): to move slowly in the air
Example: Space tourism would be really boring, simply floating through space and looking
out of the window of the spacecraft.
Nghĩa: di chuyển chậm rãi trong không khí
5. Alien life forms (expres sion): creatures from another world
Example: One of the most exciting possibilities of the space program is finding alien life
forms on other planets.

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Nghĩa: những sinh vật ở ngoài hành tinh
6. The quest for a new homeland (expression): the search for a ne w place to inhabit
Example: As humans are destroying their own planet, the quest for a new homeland in the
universe is essential.
Nghĩa: cuộc tìm kiếm địa điểm khác để định cư

31. SHARING

1. Have you had anything to share with others recently?
→ Yes. I was actually quite nervous about my upcoming finals. Therefore, I went to see
my sister to tell her my concerns and she gave me a pep talk . 2. Did your parents teach you
to share when you were a child?
→ They did encourage me and my siblings to speak our minds if we needed to. My
parents told me that sharing can lift people’s spirits and get rid of negative energy.
3. What kind of things do you like to share with others?
I usually talk with my friends about how I spend my day. Sometimes I even share food
with my colleagues because I often buy snacks for the workplace.
4. What kind of things are not suitable for sharing?
Personally, I think people should keep personal information to themselves in case anyone
takes advantage of that information and intentionally does harmful things.
VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
- Pep talk (noun): Lời động viên, cổ vũ.
Example: The coach came and gave a pep talk to his team.
- Speak one’s mind: Nêu ra suy nghĩ, ý kiến, quan điểm của ai đó.
Example: Everyone feels free to speak their mind in this section.
- Lift one’s spirit: Làm ai đó vui hơn.
Example: My advice really l ifted his spirits.
- Get rid of: Bỏ đi.

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Example: You should get rid of these clothes since they are old -fashioned.
- Keep something to oneself: Giữ cái gì đó cho riêng mình.
Example: Keep your information to yourself! Don’t tell anyone about this
- Take adv antage of: Lợi dụng, tận dụng cái gì đó.
Example: You should take advantage of your time to travel more.

32. HANDWRITING

1. Do you often write things?
(Answer) Absolutely yes.
(Explain) Writing is one of the things that I love doing in my leisure time. I practice writing
every day to sharpen my language and writing skills as well as relieve stress after a
hardworking day.
2. Do you prefer to write by hand or write using computer?
(Answe r) It depends.
(explain) When writing about everyday things or practicing for the =ELTS test, =’d rather
write by hand. I only use a computer to write academic reports.
3. Do you think computers might one day replace handwriting?
(Answer) = don’t think so.
(Explain) =t’s true that the computer has been doing a good job in helping people to write.
:owever, = don’t think that it will totally replace the traditional way of writing as there will
be no computers to rely on in urgent cases.
4. When do children begin to write in your country?
(Answer) Vietnamese kids start learning to write at the age of around 5 to 6, (explain)
which is considered quite early by some European experts. But Vietnamese kids know how
to do it well actually.

Vo cabulary:

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6. To sharpen a skill: cải thiện kĩ năng.
To sharpen my communication skills , I participate in a lot of extra -curricular activities.
Để cải thiện kĩ năng giao tiếp, tôi tham gia rất nhiều hoạt động ngoại khóa
7. To rely on: dựa vào.
I don’t think we should always rely on theories in books because there are many
unexpected situations which cannot be solved by them in real life.

33. PHOTOS/PICTURES

How do you keep your photos?
Well, I usually store my photos by printing them out and making an album if the pictures
are important. If not, I keep them on my iPhone.
In what situations do you take photos?
I snap a photo whenever I see something that catches my eye when =’m in a goo d mood .
Normally, I take pictures with my friends when we hang out or when my family go to a
fancy restaurant.
How often do you take photos?
Not too often = have to say. =’m an introvert who doesn’t like to share too many photos, so
I only take photos w hen I find something interesting.
Do you prefer to take photos yourself or to have other people take photos?
To be honest, I have faith in my photography skills, so I choose to take photos by myself.
In addition, it is more comfortable to see my express ion, which is unflattering sometimes.

VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
- Snap a photo (phrase): Chụp ảnh.
VD: He snapped a photo of me while I was sleeping.

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- Catch one’s eyes (phrase): Thu hút ánh nhìn của ai đó. VD: This costume really catches
my eyes.
- =n a good mood (expression): Trong tâm trạng tốt.
VD: Dinner is on me! =’m in a good mood today.

34. MUSIC

1. Do you like listening to music?
I love listening to music, especially US -UK. My favorite artists are Miley Cyrus and Troye
Sivan; their songs always sound awesome to me.
2. When do you listen to music?
Basically I listen to music whenever I feel like doing so, but maybe I most often do that
before going to sleep, when =’m on the bus, or when = don’t have any important tasks to
work on.
3. Did you learn instruments?
= didn’t take up any musical instrument s, and haven’t still. = have always wanted to learn
to play the piano ever since = was a kid, but never got the chance too. =’m planning on
getting some piano lessons this summer.
4. Did you have any music classes in school?
I used to have music classes back when I was in primary school and secondary school only.
I really loved my music class in secondary school - for our midterm and final tests, we had
to form a group of at least four and perform a certain song that we chose ourselves. It was
so much fu n.
5. Do you think it is necessary for children to have music classes?
In my opinion, children should always have music classes. Music has been scientifically
proven to have positive influences on one’s way of thinking and feeling, so it will do people
good if they can experience music from an early age. 6. What do you think of Vietnamese
traditional music?

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=t’s not really to my taste , to be honest. I literally cannot listen to traditional kinds of music
such as “ca tru”, “cai luong” or “cheo”. = reall y like listening to songs created during the
war though. Maybe because my dad was a soldier, he often told me stories about his years
in the army and so I can somehow relate deeply to those kinds of songs.
7.How much time do you spend listening to music every day?
=t depends. = often listen to music when =’m doing the housework or when =’m on the bus.
At that time, I feel like I can immerse myself in my own world. When I need to really
concentrate on school work, = don’t really listen to music as it can cause some real
unwelcomed distraction.
8.What is your favorite kind of music?
= don’t have a particular taste in music. = can pretty much listen to everything as long as it
sounds good to me. Still , I can hardly listen to Vietnamese traditional music, some
countries’ folk songs and several tracks belonging to the classical genre .
9.When did you start listening to this type of music?
[Let’s just say =’m into rock music]
The first time I heard a rock song was when my dad turned on the TV and there was a
performance of a very famous rock band in Vietnam called “Buc Tuong”. =t was amazing. =
started searching for more songs from the Vietnamese band, and songs belonging to th e
same genre, and have decided ever since that rock music would be a part of my spiritual
life.
10.How do you feel when you listening to music?
Relaxed and free, I guess. Music, to me, is a way of hiding from all the hustle and bustle of
everyday life. = listen to music when =’m under a lot of pressure, and = just feel so fine.
=t’s the feeling of finally coming home after years and years of living far away, = think.
Vocabulary
Từ vựng thuộc chủ đề The Arts:
folk songs
Meaning: songs in the traditio nal style of a country or community
Example: Traditional folk songs are part of the cultural heritage of a nation or region.
Dịch đại ý

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Folk songs: nhạc cổ truyền/ dân tộc
Nghĩa: những bài hát theo phong cách truyền thống của một đất nước hay một cộng đồng.
Ví dụ: những bài hát dân tộc cổ truyền là một phần di sản văn hóa của một quốc gia hay
một vùng miền.
to take up a musical instrument
Meaning: to start to learn to pla y a musical instrument
Example: Schools should encourage all those children who have an interest to take up a
musical instrument.
Dịch đại ý
To take up a musical instrument: học chơi một nhạc cụ
Nghĩa: bắt đầu học để chơi được một nhạc cụ nào đó
Ví dụ: Trường học nên khuyến khích những học sinh mà có hứng thú chơi nhạc cụ. genres
of music
Meaning: particular types or styles of music
Example: Different genres of music tend to be favoured by dif ferent age groups, with
classical music more popular among the elderly.
Dịch đại ý
Genres of music: thể loại âm nhạc
Nghĩa: những thể loại hay phong cách âm nhạc cụ thể
Ví dụ: Những thể loại âm nhạc khác nhau được yêu thích bởi những lứa tuổi khác nhau ,
như là nhạc cố điển thì được người cao tuổi ưa thích hơn.
Từ vựng khác:
Do sb good [expression] (to improve someone’s health or life): ảnh hưởng tốt đến sức khoẻ
hoặc cuộc sống của ai đó
E.g. You can't work all the time - it does you good to go out and enjoy yourself sometimes.
Be to one’s taste [expression] (be something one likes): đúng khẩu vị/sở thích của ai đó
E.g. I'm not really into new cars - old vintage cars are more to my taste !
Relate [verb] (to be able to understand a situation or someone's feelings because you have
experienced something similar yourself): hiểu được, cảm nhận được

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E.g. I often wake up very early - I'm sure most readers over 50 can relate .
Immerse yourself in something [verb] (to become completely involved in something):
chìm đắm trong cái gì
E.g. She got some books out of the library and immersed herself in Jewishhistory and
culture.
Hustle and bustle [expression] (noise and activity): sự ồn ào E.g. =
love the hustle and bustle of the marketplace.
Still [adv] (nevertheless; on the other hand): tuy vậy
E.g. = don’t really like weddings. Still , =’ll have to go or they’ll be offended

35. TEACHER

1. (Do you like any teacher of yours?) (Answer) Yes, I do.
(Give a reason for your answer) Throughout my academic life, I was instructed by many
lovely teachers whom I love and respect a lot. Among them, the person who inspired me
the most is my English major teacher in my high school.

2. (Do you st ill keep in touch with your teachers?)
Well, after high school graduation, I still contact my Physics and English teachers from time
to time . Besides, on special occasions like the Tet holiday or Teacher’s day, = still visit them
with my friends to expres s our gratitude.

3. (Do you think it’s important to like your teacher?) (Answer) Of course yes.
(Give a reason for your answer) When you have a good relationship with your teachers,
you may find their way of teaching more understandable . Most important ly, you will feel
more motivated in studying and in the end perform academically better when you feel
deeply attached to your teachers.

4. (Do you want to be a teacher?) (Answer) Yes, hopefully.

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(Give a reason for your answer) =’m quite enthusiastic about conveying knowledge to
others, especially those who are willing to learn. As =’m capable of explaining things in a
concise and appealing way, =’m quite cut out for teaching.

5. (What qualities should a good teacher have?)
Well, one nee ds to have a lot of attributes to become a decent teacher, in my opinion.
Besides a good knowledge, you also need to be patient, diligent and highly disciplined.
Unless you are passionately devoted to teaching, you cannot call yourself a good teacher.
6. (Do you have a favorite teacher?)
= had so many favorite teachers and it’s a bit difficult to pick one, but = would say English
major teacher in high school was th e one I love the most. She always delivered engaging
lessons, and unlike other teachers who compel students to learn to get good grades, she
showed the beauty in learning and encouraged us to pursue our own interests.

Vocabulary:
respect [v]: to feel or show admiration for someone or something that you believe has
good ideas or qualities: kính trọng
Eg: I deeply respect David for what he has achieved.
inspire [v]: to fill someone with confidence and desire to do something: truyền cảm hứng
Eg: Leaders that follow the transformation style of leading, challenge and inspire their
followers with a sense of purpose and excitement. from time to time [expression]:
sometimes: thỉnh thoảng Eg: = meet my old friends from time to time. gratitude [n]: a
strong feeling of appreciation for someone or something for what the person has done to
help you: sự biết ơn
Eg: I would like to express my gratitude to the feminists, both male and female, for their
work in the past.
understandable [adj] : easy to understand: dễ hiểu
Eg: You have to put the facts into a form that's understandable to everyone.
motivate [v]: to make someone eager to do something: cổ vũ, tiếp động lực Eg:
She managed to motivate staff to work together after the merger.

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(be) enthusiastic about [adj]: showing enthusiasm: hào hứng về
Eg: Marcia’s lifelong interest in science learning stems from growing up as the oldest child
in a family enthusiastic about learning.
(be) cut out for/ to be sth [n]: have exactly the righ t qualities for a particular role, task, or
job: phù hợp
Eg: I'm just not cut out to be a policeman.
attribute [n]: a quality or characteristic that someone or something has: phẩm chất
Eg: Organizational ability is an essential attribute for a good manager.
diligent [adj]: careful and serious in your work, or done in a careful and determined way:
cần mẫn
Eg: He is also known as a documenter of literature that is persistent, diligent, and
dedicated.
engaging [adj]: tending to please; attractive: thu hút Eg:
He has such an engaging manner.
pursue [v]: to try to achieve something: theo đuổi Eg:
Liam plans to pursue a career in advertising.

36. TRANSPORTATION

1) What's the most popular means of transportation in your hometown?
The most common vehicle in my hometown is the motorbike. As I’ve read in a current
newspaper, most Vietnamese adults have their own motorbikes. Moreover, I can easily
catch sight of motorbikes whenever I go outside. a. How often do you take buses?
= take buses to go to school at least twice a day as = haven’t got my own ve hicle yet. I also
usually use buses to visit my relatives or friends’ homes.
b. Can you compare the advantages of planes and trains?
Obviously, airplanes and trains have their own particular benefits for passengers.
Regarding planes, they have been the fastest means of passenger transport invented so
far. They enable people to travel all around the world in the shortest possible time.

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The biggest advantage of trains is their impressive safety record . Accidents are rare, and
so people can feel relaxed and just sit back and admire the views from their comfortable
seats.
c. Is driving to work popular in your country?
Yes. =’m pretty sure that private cars and motorbikes are the two most popular vehicles in
my country. Therefore, it is obvious that there are a large number of people who tend to
drive to work.
d. Do you think people will drive more in the future?
Yes, I think so. There will be more drivers on the roads in the future due to the convenience
of motoring and the affordable prices of cars.
e. Would you ride bikes to work in the future?
Yes. As =’m a young person, = like to do energetic activities to help me keep fit, so = will give
priority to a job that is within cycling distance of my home.
f. What will become the most popular means of transportation in Vietnam? Personally, I
think the prevalence of motorbikes will continue to dominate in Vietnam due to their
advantages, namely the y are great for getting around quickly, they are easy to park and
economical to run .
g. Do you prefer public transportation or private transportation?
Although owning a private vehicle has various advantages, I prefer using public
transportation in order to economize as well as to help protect the environment.

VOCABULARY
✓ Catch sight of (expression): to see something only for a moment
Ex: I caught sight of someone with red hair, so I knew that it was you.
✓ Safety record (noun): details of how many accidents a company has had
Ex: With no accidents in the last 5 years, this airline has a good safety record .
Admire (verb): to look at something and think that it is attractive/impressive Ex:
We stood for a few moments, admiring the beautiful view.
✓ Motoring (noun): the activity of driving a car
Ex: She’s planning a motoring holiday in France next year.

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✓ Affordable (adjective): cheap enough for people t o be able to buy Ex: This type of car
is affordable for people who have a low income.
✓ Give priority to (expression): deal with something first, because you think it is more
important than other things
Ex: This month I must give priority to revision fo r the exam, so I have taken some time off
work.
✓ Prevalence (noun): the fact of being very common at a particular time or in a
particular place
Ex: There is a worrying increase in the prevalence of smoking among young people.
✓ Dominate (verb): to be the largest, highest or most obvious thing in a place Ex: The
skyline is dominated by smoking factory chimneys.
✓ Get around (phrasal verb): to move from place to place
Ex: Getting around in this city is hard, because there is too much traffic.
✓ Park (verb): to leave a vehicle that you are driving in a particular place for a period of
time
Ex: I parked my car in front of the supermarket while I did my shopping.
✓ Economical (adjective): providing good value in relation to the amount of money
spent
Ex: Buy a small car – it will be more economical to run.
✓ Run (verb): to own and use a car or other vehicle
Ex: On my low salary, = can’t afford to run a car.
✓ Economize (verb): to use les s money than you normally use
Ex: =n winter, don’t economize on heating – it is more important to keep warm.


37. THE AREA YOU LIVE IN

1. Do you like the area that you live in?
Well, I am staying in District 2, and I must say that I pretty enjoy staying in this area since
there are a lot of entertaining places to visit besides the peaceful atmosphere of this area.

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2. What are some changes in the area recently?
There are more and more high -rise buildings being built in the area in order to meet the
demand of the affluent and expats . In addition, a new shopping mall was just opened last
week.
3. Do you know any famous people in your area?
Interestingly, I live next door to Toc Tien, who is one of the most famous pop singers in
Vietnam. :owever, = don’t see her very often because of her busy schedule.
4. Where do you like to go in that area?
I really love visiting Saigon Outcast, a place where I can go rock climbing a s well as
socialize with foreigners.

VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
- High -rise (adjective): Nhà cao tầng
Example: A high -rise building was built last month, which will be the tallest building when
it is finished
- Meet the demand of: Đáp ứng nhu cầu.
Example: They have to work night shift to meet the demand of buyers.
- The affluent (noun): Người giàu.
Exampl e: The affluent class is increasing in our country, which widens the gap between the
rich and the poor.
- Expat (noun): Người nước sống ở 1 nước khác lâu năm.
Example: Expats who live in Vietnam usually have well -paid jobs.
- Live next door to (=diom): Sống kế bên cạnh (phòng, nhà,…)
Example: = live next door to your friend; that’s why = see him everyday.

38. HOLIDAY

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What kinds of places do you like to go to on holiday?
I like beaches; therefore, I would go to a peaceful island or beautiful beaches so I can let
my hair down .
Who would you like to go on a holiday with?
Well, I prefer going on solo trips rather than holidaying with my friends or family since they
are anno ying sometimes.
Where you plan to go for holidays in the future?
=’ve always dreamed of going to France, where = can taste delicious croissants and
contemplate the sunset from the Eiffel Tower.

VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
To let one’s hair down (idiom): Thư giãn, nghỉ ngơi.
VD: =’ve been too busy with my new job. So, tonight =’m going to let my hair down and
enjoy myself.
A solo trip (expression): Đi du lịch 1 mình.
VD: I find it strange when you are making a solo trip t o Europre.
Contemplate sunset (expression): Ngắm hoàng hôn. VD:
This is the best place to contemplate sunset.

39. NUMBERS

1. (Are you good at remembering numbers?)
(Answer) Yes. =’m quite good when it comes to numbers. But it depends on how the
numbe rs are administered to me.
(Give a reason for your answer) When I look at a sequence for only 1 or 2 seconds or hear
2-3 numbers said in 1 second, I can easily remember them. My immediate information
intake is enormous and very fast compared to the average. I can easily remember

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sequences of 15 -20 digits in a mom ent, but beyond that I haven't yet tried to see how far
I can go without trouble.
2. (Do you often use numbers?)
(Answer) Well, I must say I seldom use numbers.
(Give a reason for your answer) :onestly, my work doesn’t involve the use of numbers or
certain calculations. Still, numbers play an important role in our lives. I assume that
whether we like it or not, our life revolves around numbers and there are numerous
numbers directly or indirect ly connected to our lives.
2. (Is there any special number you like?)
(Answer) Yes, absolutely.
(Give a reason for your answer) My favorite number is 9 because it has unique attributes.
Multiply 9 by any number and then keep adding the digits of the num ber produced until
there is only one left. =t will always be 9. =nteresting, isn’t it?

Vocabulary:
21. when it comes to [expression]: as for something; speaking about something khi xét
đến, nhắc đến cái gì
Eg: When it comes to fishing, John is an expert .
22. intake [n]: an amount of food, air, or another substance taken into the body: sự hấp
thụ, tiếp thu
Eg: It all adds up and the excessive food and alcohol intake takes its toll on the body.
23. sequence [n]: a particular order in which related events, movements, or things follow
each other: chuỗi
Eg: A logical, progressive sequence is followed, in accord ance with how I was trained in
the Vaganova school.
24. seldom [adv]: almost never: hiếm khi

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Eg: Seldom do we receive any apology when mistakes are made.
25. calculation (n): a mathematical determination of the size or number of something.: sự
tính toán
Eg: A calculation is a deliberate process that transforms one or more inputs into one or
more results, with variable change.
26. assume [v]: to accept something as true without question or proof: cho rằng
Eg: We can’t assume (that) he’s innocent simply because he says he is.
27. attribute [n]: a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of
someone or something: phẩm chất
Eg: Attractive, well built, pleasant character… all the attributes required for a successful
and happy life.
28. multiply [v]: obtain from (a number) another that contains the first number a
specified number of times.: phép nhân
Eg: If you multiply seven b y 15 you get 105.

40. PEN OR PENCIL

1. (When was the last time you bought a pen or pencil?)
(Answer) Well, I just bought numerous pencils this morning because I had to take a written
examination that required the use of pencils.
(Give a reason for your answer) I bought 3 pencils in case I may break one or two during
the exam. I wanted to feel self -assured so having extra pencils was the best guarantee I
could give for myself and that helped me stop thinking of problems that I might encounter
while taking the ex am.
2. (Do you usually use a pen or pencil?)
(Answer) Well, I use a pencil more often as compared to a pen.

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(Give a reason for your answer) As a student, I need to jot our lessons down in my
notebook. When it comes to note taking, the pencil is a more pre ferable choice. I have
grown accustomed to relying on the pencil to write down things ever since high school
and I find it very handy. Strangely, I always outperform others in examinations that require
the use of pencils, so they are also my lucky items.
3. (What do you think if someone gives you a pen or a pencil as a gift?) (Answer) For me,
that’s quite a strange present to give someone.
(Give a reason for your answer) Well, =’ve never tried giving a pen or a pencil as a present
to my loved ones or friends . However, if I did receive one, I would be glad and grateful.
Well, = always believe that it’s the thought that counts, and receiving a present from a
heartfelt individual will always give you a sense of contentment.

Vocabulary from Personality:
self -assured
Meaning: confident
Example: I certainly would want my children to be self -assured and responsible.
Other vocabulary:
51. encounter [v]: to experience something, especially something unpleasant: đối mặt với
Eg: The army is reported to be encountering considerable resistance.
52. when it comes to [expression]: as for something; speaking about something khi xét
đến, nhắc đến cái gì
Eg : When it comes to fishing, John is an expert.
53. preferable [adj]: more desirable or suitable: phù hợp hơn
Eg: The chairman of the board said voluntary redundancies were preferable over
compulsory redundancies.
54. (be)/ grow accustomed to [expression]: fam iliar with something: trở nên quen với Eg:
She quickly became accustomed to his messy ways.

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55. handy [adj]: useful or convenient: tiện
Eg: We found it handy to have a cellular phone.
56. outperform [v]: to do well in a particular job or activity compared to others of a similar
type: làm tốt hơn
Eg: The company has consistently outperformed its rivals this season.
7. heartfelt [adj]: showing strong feeling that are sincere : chân thành, thật tâm Eg:
In the ceremony, the director expressed heartfelt gratitude to all the employees, who
worked diligently for the project.
8. contentment [n]: a state of happiness and satisfaction.: sự hài lòng
Eg: Reddy was an avid reader and got many hours of con tentment and enjoyment from
books and newspapers.

41. SWEETIES

1. (Do you like to eat sweets?)
(Answer) Yes, I count myself as having a sweet tooth.
(Give a reason for your answer) I usually have Tiramisu or a croissant for dessert. Bakery
shops on the road never fail to capture my attention. It makes my mouth water just to
think about all the sweets displayed there.
2. (Do you like sweeties compared with you were a child?)
(Answe r) When I was a child, I used to eat candies and biscuits sparingly. However, the
more I grow, the more I am into sweets. Sweets are the one thing that keeps me going
when things get tough. The handmade ones are, to put it simply, edible happiness, cheaper
antidepressants, and a quick way to see the bright side of life if eaten in moderation and
provided you have enough self -control.
3. (Have you ever tried to make sweets?)
(Answer) Honestly, I have not.

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(Give a reason for your answer) I have read the rec ipes for my favorite cakes sometimes
but they are by no means simple. However, I would love to try baking cookies or making a
mousse in the future.
4. (Why people like sweets?)
(Answer) Our bodies are naturally wired to crave sugar both for mental and for physical
reasons. When we crave sugar, we are actually craving the nutrients that are found in fruit
or desserts. The mental craving comes from the serotonin – a neurotransmitter that gives
us a sense of well -being , and helps moderate our moods, sleep cycl es and our appetite –
which is released after we consume a sweet food.

Vocabulary from Food:
• have a sweet tooth
Meaning: enjoy sugary food
Example: My brother has a sweet tooth and =’m afraid that he will become obese.
• make your mouth water
Meaning: make you feel very hungry for something
Example: It makes my mouth water just to think about eating beef noddle.

Other vocabulary:
57. capture [v]: if something captures your imagination or attention, you feel very
interested and excited by it: thu hút
Eg: The American drive to land a man on the Moon captured the imagination/attention of
the whole world.
58. sparingly [adv]: in small amounts, or without wasting any: rất ít
Eg: There wasn't enough coal during the war, so we had to use it sparingly.
59. antidepressant [n]: an antidepressant drug: thuốc chống trầm cảm
Eg: Antidepressants are medications used to treat ma jor depressive disorder
60. by no means [expression]: not at all: không hề

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Eg: It is by no means clear what the president can do to end the strike.
61. crave [v]: feel a powerful desire for (something).: thèm khát
Eg: Many young children crave attention.
62. well -being [n]: the state of feeling healthy and happy: sức khỏe
Eg: People doing yoga benefit from an increased feeling of well -being.
63. moderate [v]: to (cause to) become less in size, strength, or force; to reduce
something: làm cho điều độ
Eg: The president may have to moderate his stance on tax cuts.

42. SCENERY

1. (Is there any beautiful scenery in your hometown?)
(Answer) My hometown is renowned for its breathtaking scenery.
(Give a reason for your answer) It is an area of outstanding natural beauty and for me,
one of the most beautiful places on earth. It has everything; historical sites, fantastic
beaches, rolling mountains, dense forests and picturesque countryside, extraordinary
cuisine and hospitable p eople. There are also golden palaces, temples, shrines, and an
impressive dancing stage, majestic tombs, and ancient meditative landscapes.
2. (How can you try to live in a house with a good view?)
(Answer) A good location can mean different things to diffe rent people, of course, but
there are also objective factors that determine a home's value. For me, it is the
accessibility, appearance, and amenities of the residential area that are inextricably linked
with how good the view of my house is.
3. (Do people l ike to take photos of beautiful scenery?)
(Answer) Well, I think most people do.

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(Give a reason for your answer) Shooting landscapes forces you to get outside and find
the beauty around you. Sometimes this means discovering places right in front of you r eyes
that you just never noticed were beautiful before. For me, whenever I get out and set up
to shoot a landscape scene, I find that my mind is freed of worry and distractions.
4. (Why do people prefer to use mobile phones to take photos of beautiful scen ery?)
(Answer) I think this is a matter of personal choice.
(Give a reason for your answer) For one thing, handy gadgets like phones help one to
capture beautiful scenery at any time they want. Then, they can share the photos
immediately on social networking sites such as Facebook, Instagram. And when the
pictures are stored in your cell phone, it is much easier to see them as compared to a
professional camera.

Vocabulary from Town and City:
• residential area
Meaning: an area where people live
Example: I live in a residential area of a busy town in the south of Spain

Vocabulary from Technology:
• gadget
Meaning: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera
Example: Such a gadget would help you considerably in studying.

Other vocabulary:
29. renowned [adj]: famous : nổi tiếng
Eg: She felt pressure because of her renowned father.
30. outstanding [adj]: clearly very much better than what is usual: nổi bật
Eg: Her outstanding performances set a new benchmark for singers throughout the world.
31. picturesque [adj]: (esp. of a place) a ttractive in appearance: đep như tranh
Eg: The city is known for its picturesque surroundings and pleasant climate.

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32. majestic [adj]: beautiful, powerful, or causing great admiration and respect:
hùng vĩ, tráng lệ
Eg: The majestic Montana scenery will leave you breathless.
33. inextricably [adv]: in a way that is unable to be separated, released, or escaped from:
chặt chẽ
Eg: The Louis Armstrong legend is inextricably linked with his recordings.
34. distraction (n): something that prevents someone from giving their attention to
something else: chuyện gây xao nhãng
Eg: You can turn the television off if you find it a distraction.
35. handy [adj]: useful or convenient: tiện
Eg: We found it handy to have a cellular phone.


43. MUSEUMS

1. (Do you go on field trips to museums to learn history?)
(Answer) Yes, I sometimes do.
(Give a reason for your answer) As I see it, this kind of educational trip is a beneficial way
for a student to acquire both knowledge and experience. History teachers in my school
often organize trips to museums with a view to familiarizing students with historical events
or figures in a more fascinating way. I remember all students were always in eager
anticipation before trips to museums like this.
2. (Do you learn much history at school?)
(Answer) Well, history is actually my favorite subject at school
(Give a reason for your answer) =’m quite enthusiastic about delving into the past and
learning from the mistakes our forefathers used to make. Besides, my History teacher in
high school always delivered engaging lessons, and unlike other teachers who compelled

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students to learn to get good grades, she showed the beauty of learning and encouraged
us to pursue our own interests. After entering higher education , I still contact her from
time to time .
3. (When was the last time you read a history publication?)
(Answer) =’m genuinely interes ted in history books, so I read them on a frequent basis.
(Give a reason for your answer) The recent one I read has an unpredictable plot and it has
received widespread acclaim from book critics around the world.

Vocabulary from Education:
higher education:
Meaning: education, usually in a college or university that is followed after high school or
secondary school
Example: Higher education is only suitable for those committed enough to learning.

Other vocabulary:
64. with a view to [expression]: with an intention to do sth: với mục đích làm gì đó
Eg: The politician reveals the truth with a view to gaining more fai th from the public.
65. fascinating [adj]: extremely interesting and attractive: thú vị, lôi cuốn
Eg: Your trip to Alaska sounds absolutely fascinating.
66. anticipation [n]: a feeling of excitement about something that is going to happen in
the near future: s ự mong chờ
Eg: The postponement of the film's sequel has held cinemagoers in eager anticipation for
several months.
67. (be) enthusiastic about [adj]: showing enthusiasm: hào hứng về
Eg: Marcias’s lifelong interest in science learning stems from growing up as the oldest child
in a family enthusiastic about learning.
68. pursue [v]: to try to achieve something: theo đuổi

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Eg: Liam plans to pursue a career in advertising.
69. from time to time [expression]: sometimes: thỉnh thoảng
Eg: I meet my old friends from time to time.
70. unpredictable [adj]: likely to change suddenly and without reason and therefore not
able to be predicted (= expected before it happens) or depended on: không đoán trước
được
Eg: The weather there can be unpredictable - one minute it's blue skies and the next
minute it's pouring rain.
71. acclaim [n]: public approval and praise: sự nán dương
Eg: Despite the critical acclaim, the novel did not sell well.

44. ART

1. (Do you like art?)
(Answer) Absolutely, =’m an avid fan of art.
(Give a reason for your answer) Art is in my essence, part of my life. I love art, in any form
it presents itself and while producing it may give me perfectionism anxiety my heart swells
once I've made something pretty. Different genres of art, such as music, architecture,
literature, c ulture cater for the tastes of everyone.
2. (Have you ever visited an art gallery?)
(Answer) Yes, I have.
(Give a reason for your answer) After I graduated, I began to enjoy taking trips to various
art exhibits. Since then, I have established relationsh ips with a few friends that are artists,
and now they invite me to their galleries quite often. Visiting art galleries is also a way to
keep myself updated with new trends in the contemporary world of art. Believe it or not,
this kind of experience relieve s much of my work -related stress.
3. (Is there any art work on the wall in your room?)

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(Answer) Yes, absolutely, I have.
(Give a reason for your answer) Wall art draws the eye, pulls together space, and makes
my home inviting. I usually hang art works of r ural areas that depict breathtaking scenery,
space and other amazing places such as forests, lakes or mountains. These pictures always
capture the attention of the guests to my house.

Vocabulary:
36. avid [n]: extremely eager or interested: say mê Eg: He took an avid interest in the
project.
37. genre [n]: a style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics:
thể loại
Eg: What genre does the book fall into - comedy or tragedy?
38. cater for [v]: to provide the things that a particular person or situation needs or
wants: phục vụ cho
Eg: The class caters for all ability ranges.
39. establish [v]: to start having a relationship with, or communicating with another
person, company, country, or organization: thiết lập
Eg: There is a strong need to establish effective communication links between staff,
parents, pupils, and external bodies.
40. (to) keep oneself up to date with sth [v]: keep updated with new things: cập nhập xu
hướng cho bản thân
Eg: My father always tries to keep himself up to date with political news.
41. . (to) relieve [v]: to remove or reduce an unpleasant feeling or pain: xoa dịu Eg: Being
able to say the truth at last seemed to relieve her.
42. breathtaking [adj]: very exciting or impressive (usually in a pleasant way): đẹp, gây ấn
tượng mạnh
Eg: To the whole mountain -climbing team, the scene was one of the most breathtaking
beauties in the world.

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43. capture one’s attention [expression]: to interest someone: thu hút ai
Eg: Most of the textbooks we looked at were too dull to capture students' at tention.

45. CAKE

1. (Do you like desert?)
(Answer) Yes, I do.
(Give a reason for your answer) Eating desserts after meals makes me feel more
productive and positive. =’m sure you’ve turned to a box of chocolates or gobbled down an
apple pie on a “b ad day” just so you could feel like there’s still hope left in the world.
Nothing can give you more pleasure than eating your favorite dessert. And this feeling is
vital to your well -being.
2. (Do you like eating cakes?)
(Answer) I must admit that I have a sweet tooth , so cakes are my favorite kind of food.
(Give a reason for your answer) =’m even in the habit of eating different kinds of cakes at
the end of the week as a treat to myself. Somehow, this is my unique strategy to cope with
stress related to the work -life balance. In fact, almost every kind of cake suits my tastes .
3. (Have you ever made cakes?)
(Answer) Unfortunately, = haven’t.
(Give a reason for your answer) I have read the recipes for my favorite cakes sometimes
but they are by no means simple. However, I would love to try baking cookies or making a
mousse in the future.
4. (What are the special cakes in your country?)
(Answer) There is a wide range of Vietnamese cakes you shouldn’t miss when you visit my
country.

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(Give a reason for your answer) Firstly, the square glutinous rice cake (banh chung) is a
must -eat di sh at Tet festival in Vietnam. It has a square shape and symbolizes the earth.
This cake is made from glutinous rice wrapped in green “dong” leaves. The filling is made
from mung bean, pork belly. Besides, banh xeo is famous with Vietnamese people and
tour ists from around the world for its great taste. Banh xeo is a crispy yellow turmeric crepe
with nutritious ingredients such as shrimps, pork belly, mushrooms, bean sprouts.

Vocabulary from Food:
have a sweet tooth
Meaning: enjoy sugary food
Example: My brother has a sweet tooth and =’m afraid that he will become obese.

Other vocabulary:

72. productive [adj]: resulting in or providing a large amount or supply of something: có
hiệu quả, năng suất
Eg: He had an a mazingly productive five years in which he managed to write four novels.
73. well -being [n]: the state of feeling healthy and happy: sức khỏe
Eg: People doing yoga benefit from an increased feeling of well -being.
74. in the habit of [expression]: if you are in the habit of doing something, you do it
regularly or often: có thói quen làm gì
Eg: They were in the habit of giving two or three dinner parties a month.
75. cope with [v]: deal with: đối mặt với
Eg: It must be really hard to cope with three young children and a job.
76. (to) suit one’s tastes [expression]: be suitable to what sb likes or prefers : theo đuổi
Eg: A beautifully striped dress will be likely to suit Linda’s taste.
77. by no means [expression]: not at all: không hề

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Eg: It is by no means clear what the president can do to end the strike.
78. nutritious [adj]: very good for you, containing many of the s ubstances which help the
body to grow : bổ dưỡng
Eg: My mother always gives us tasty and nutritious meals.

46. LAUGH

1. (Do you like to watch movies or TV shows that make people laugh?)
(Answer) Yes, I do .
(Give a reason for your answer) I have a cheerful disposition and =’m quite fun -loving , so
comedies are my favorite choices to feel at ease. I think the message in these kinds of
movies remind people that life isn't simple and it doesn't come without obstacles , so
smiling keeps you alwa ys optimistic. As I see it, comedians radiate warmth that draws
others to them instantly.
2. (Do you usually make your friends laugh?)
(Answer) Yes, in various contexts .
(Give a reason for your answer) Yes, being able to make someone laugh is a kind of ta lent,
I guess. Frequently, I try to tell a funny joke or a story that I find interesting to uplift my
friends’ mood. =n our meetings, = do funny actions to amuse them as = utterly enjoy
spending time with them and like to see them happy.
3. (Are you the kin d of person who makes people laugh?)
(Answer) Yes, I think I am.
(Answer) It takes a lot of mental energy to come up with quick -witted quips that keep grins
on others' faces. Seeing others laugh at your jokes gives a sense of refreshment . I count
myself as fortunate to have a good sense of humor. As the old saying goes, "life's better
when you're laughing" -- and no one knows that more t han good -humored individuals.

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Vocabulary from Personality:

fun -loving
Meaning: enjoy having fun
Example: =’d say we’re fun -loving and tend to be a bit extroverted

Other vocabulary:
79. disposition [n]: the particular type of character that a person naturally has: tính khí
Eg: She is of a nervous/cheerful/sunny disposition.
80. at ease [expression]: relaxed: thoải mái
Eg: She soon put/set me at ease (= made me relaxed).
81. obstacle [n]: something that blocks you so that movement, going forward, or action is
prevented or made more difficult: chướng ngại
Eg: The biggest obstacle in our way was a tree trunk in the road.
82. radiate [v]: to express strongly an emotion or quality, or (of an emotion or quality) to
be expressed strongly by someone: phát ra
Eg: He simply radiates integrity.
83. context [n]: the situation within which something exists or happens, and that can help
ex plain it: ngữ cảnh
Eg: It is important to see all the fighting and bloodshed in his plays in historical context.
84. uplift [v]: elevate or stimulate (someone) morally or spiritually.: làm ai phấn chấn
Eg: The people went home, uplifted by what the priest said.
85. utterly [adv]: completely or extremely: cực kì
Eg: She was utterly devastated when her husband died.
86. quick -witted [adj]: showing or characterized by an ability to think or respond quickly
or e ffectively.: nhanh trí
Eg: Undemonstrative, quick -witted, alert and intelligent: he has it all.

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87. refreshment [n]: the fact of making sb feel stronger or less tired or hot: sự làm cho
sảng khoái
Eg: Minh is trying to find a place for rest and refreshment.


47. WATER SPORT

1. Have you ever played water sports?
Definitely yes. My childhood was linked with swimming because I participated in
many swimming competitions during my school years.
2. What water sports do you like playing?
I would say swimming, of course. However, it seems like my preference is shifting
to water polo from swimming. However, till now, swimming remains the most
favourite of mine.
3. Are water sports popular in Vietnam?
= don’t think so, at least for the tim e being. Water sports facilities are not widely
available nor invested in in my country. I bet that many people have no clue what
water polo is.
Vocabulary:
1. To be linked with something (phrase): có mối quan hệ với cái gì đó
Example: Her name is being linked to one o f the top jobs in the company .
Tên tuổi của cô ấy được gắn với những công việc hàng đầu trong công ty
2. to shift (v): thay đổi/dịch chuyển
Example: She sh ifted (her weight ) uneasily from one foot to the other.

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Cô ấy dịch chuyển trọng lượng một cách không hề dễ hàng từ chân này qua chân
kia.
3. to have no clue/don’t have a clue (phrase): không biết
Example: Who invented algebra ?" "I don't have a clue ."
“Ai là người đã sáng lập ra số học?” “Tôi không biết”
48. RUNNING

1. Do you like running?
Honestly speaking, I have never thought I will ever take up a running hobby . = don’t
like it because each running session really drains me.
2. Have you ever taken a running class?
Well, no actually. I dread to think of having to run around 10 km on a daily basis. I
don’t think =’ll ever take part in any running class in the foreseeable future.
3. When was your last long run?
= haven’t run since my last physical education class in my second year. Now =’m in
my 3rd year. Thus, my last long run was like one year and a half ago.
4. Why do people need to run?
Running has been scientifically proved to be one of the very few sports which
requires nearly all the muscles to function, thus benefiting almost the whole body.
Therefore, people need to run to stay healthy through a very simple activity.
5. Where do you think is a good place to run?
Without a doubt, parks are the most ideal for runs. Since a larger amount of oxygen
is needed when running, it is better to run inside a place where the air is fresh and
has enough oxygen rather than polluted with carbon dio xide.

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6. Do you think running is a good way to stay healthy?
While the gym is eclipsing running in terms of popularity nowadays, I believe
running is still an effective way to stay healthy. It is also significantly more
economical than gym.
Vocabulary:
1. to take up a hobby (phrase): bắt đầu một sở thích
Example: Why don’t you take up a hobbby?
Tại sao bạn không bắt đầu một sở thích nào đó đi?
2. To dread (v): sợ hãi.
Example: I dread to think what would happen if he was left to cope on his own.
Tôi rất sợ hãi phải nghĩ chuyện gì sẽ xảy ra nếu anh ấy phải giải quyết 1 mình.
3. to stay healthy (phrase): giữ khỏe mạnh
Example: Eating a recommended amount of vegetables helps you stay healthy .
Ăn một lượng rau củ được khuyến nghị giúp bạn khỏe mạnh.
4. to eclipse (v): che mờ
Example: The econ omy has eclipsed all other issues during this election campaign .
Kinh tế đang che mờ tất cả các vấn đề khác (kinh tế quan trọng hơn) trong chiến
dịch tranh cử lần này
49. SCIENCE

1. Have you ever taken science courses?
I have never taken any science courses before. I am a major in International
Relations. The syllabus of my major is not comprised of any science courses.

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2. Is science important?
Although I am not a science student, I believe that it is of great significan ce to
today’s world, which is driven by science and technology. Without science, people
would be still in the stone age.
3. Should we learn science?
Of course, everyone should know science, to some degree. Science explains the
phenomenon that happens around us, helps build a strong human society and
brings prosperity to countries.
4. Did you have any science classes in elementary or high school?
Scie nce is a compulsory subject in elementary school while high school science is
divided into different subjects namely physics, biology and chemistry, which are also
obligatory. Thus, yes, I did study science in elementary and high school.
5. What kind of sci ence do people usually study?
Normally, people usually focus on physics because it is more applicable in real life
than biology and chemistry, and easier also, I guess.
Vocabulary:
1. To be comprised of something (phrase): được cấu thành bởi Example: The
class is comprised mainly of Italian and French students .
Lớp học này được cấu thành bởi đa số học sinh Ý và Pháp.
2. To be of significance for/to something : có ý nghĩa rất quan trọng với cái gì
đó
Example: The discovery of the new drug is of great significance for/to people
suffering from heart problems .
Việc tìm ra được loại thuốc mới có ý nghĩa rất quan trọng với những người đang
mắc phải bệnh tim.

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50. OPINIONS/ IDEAS

1. When should children have their own opin ions?
I believe as soon as they start primary school, mostly at the age of 6, they should be
given the right to express their own opinions and participate in family affairs .
2. What are the benefits when children have their own opinions?
The fact that c hildren have their own opinions can have numerous benefits. It helps
older members of the family to understand what the children need, thus giving
them better care.
3. What are the responsibilities of teachers to help children develop their
ideas/opinions?
Teachers should be responsible for sharpening children’s critical thinking skills,
which is vital to the development of their opinions. Also, they should encourage
them to speak up when needed.
4. Do you think children are taught to have the same opinions a s their parents?
Personally, = don’t think so. Children’s opinions may be similar to their parents’
rather than exactly the same. The similarity level may vary, though.
Vocabulary:
1. Affair (n): vấn đề
Example: She organizes her financial affairs very efficiently .
Cô ấy quản lý vấn đề tài chính rất hiệu quả.
2. To speak up (v): lên tiếng
Example: If you disagree , please speak up .

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:ãy lên tiếng nếu bạn không đồng ý

51. ALONE
- When was the last time you were alone?
Answer: Maybe it was about one month ago when I made a solo trip to Thailand. I
stayed there for 5 days and explored Bangkok on my own.
- What do you like to do when you are alone?
Answer: I really enjoy being alone in the weekend morning, reading some books and
playing computer games.
- Do you wish to have more time alone?
Answer: Well, I’d rather hang out with my friends than being alone since friends
entertain me a lot, and you need to be sociable in the society.
- Is it important to have some time alone?
Answer: Absolutely. There are moments that you get stressed out and being alone can
be an ideal way to let your hair down .

VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
1. Solo trip (n): Chuyến đi 1 mình.
You should make a solo trip to Thailand sometimes! I’m sure it’ll be fun.
2. To entertain somebody (v): Giaỉ trí, mua vui cho ai đó. They entertained us to a party
last night.
3. Stressed out (adj): Căng thẳng quá mức.
He has been up to his ears with studying recently, no wonder he gets stressed out.
4. Let your hair down (Idiom): Thư giãn, nghỉ ngơi.
Well, it’s the weekend. You should just let your hair down and relax.

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PART 2 & 3.

1.Describe a performance you watched recently
Describe a performance you watched recently
You should say:
What it was and when you watched it
Who you were with
And explain why you watched it

(What it was a when you watched it)
Well, when it comes to watching live performances or music shows, the very experience
that springs to my mind first is the play 'Romeo & Juliet' by William Shakespeare that I
enjoyed at the city theatre three years ago. Romeo and Juliet is a play written by William
Shakespeare. The setting is in Italy and is about the love between two young people from
noble families that are enemies. Romeo and Juliet has always been one of Shakespeare's
most popular plays. It has been a lso adapted to the opera, ballet, television productions,
and movies.
(Who you were with)
I watched this play with my closest friend, Jennie. At that time, we were studying for a
Masters Degree in London in the same university, and when we heard that a team would
come to London to perform Romeo and Juliet, we planned to watch it without hesitation.
It was quite cumbersome to book the tickets as the play was so popular, but we managed
eventually.
(And explain why you watched it)
There are several facto rs that made this play a worth -watching theatrical performance. The
professional acting, captivating dialogues, intense romantic tale, wrenching separation

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and the tragic twist of the tale make the play unforgettable and timeless. The costumes of
the perfo rmers were just the way they should be. Their dresses, stage, music, their
makeup, their accent, and the passionate acting created the illusion of the real Romeo -
Juliet era. The production and acting were superb and totally worthy of commendation . I
still remember a news article later on that acclaimed the actors, and actresses of the
London team and the superb professionalism and artistic production of a great play.

Vocabulary from Books and Films:
the setting
Meaning: where the action takes place
Example: =t’s a historical novel and the setting was a fictional town called Casterbridge.

Other vocabulary:

44. when it comes to [expression]: as for something; speaking about something khi xét
đến, nhắc đến cái g ì
Eg: When it comes to fishing, John is an expert.

45. spring to mind [expression]: to come quickly into your mind: hiện ra trong tâm trí Eg:
Say the word "Australia" and a vision of beaches and blue seas immediately springs to
mind.
46. noble [adj]: (especially in former times) a person of noble rank or birth.: cao quý
Eg: The great nobles essentially use poets and poetry in the early seventeenth century to
wage a war of prestige.
47. adapt [v]: make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose; modify.: chuyển thể
Eg: Davies is busy adapting Brinkworth's latest novel for te levision.
48. without hesitation [expression]: if you say that someone does something without
hesitation, you are emphasizing that they do it immediately and willingly.: không do
dự Eg: The great majority of players would, of course, sign the contract without
hesitation.

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49. cumbersome [adj]: difficult to do or manage and taking a lot of time and effort:
nhọn nhằn, khó khăn
Eg: Critics say that the process for amending the Constitution is cumbersome, but others
defend it.
50. captivating [adj]: holding your attent ion by being extremely interesting, exciting,
pleasant, or attractive: thu hút
Eg: Her voice was utterly/absolutely captivating.
51. wrenching [adj]: extremely stressful: gây mệt mỏi, đau đớn
Eg: =t was the most wrenching decision of the president’s life.
52. passionate [adj]: having very strong feelings or emotions: đầy nhiệt huyết Eg: The
child's mother made a passionate plea for help.
53. commendation [n]: praise, or an official statement that pr aises someone: sự khen
ngợi
Eg: Several of the firefighters received commendation for their bravery.


PART 3: WATCHING PERFORMANCE

1. What's the difference between watching performance live and watching it on TV? (Give
a direct answer to the question ) To my opinion, attending live performance and watching
TV broadcast are two completely different ways of fun. ( Give an example (often a
personal example )) As we all know; live exhibitions and events are festive occasions.
Think of the claps and cheers; the hoots and hollering; the laughs the singing along with a
live performance which is quite absent when this is watched on a TV set. It al l creates and
recreates a recreational aura whereby people forget the hurdles of life and up heave their
morals. In other words, these occasions are best suitable for extroverts , social people,
who enjoy the crowd.
2. Which do you prefer: traditional perform ance or concert?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, a concert would be my choice. ( Explain your
reason or reasons ) Seeing your favorite band, artist or DJ is such a life -changing and

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exhilarating experience. ( Give an example (often a personal ex ample )) =f you’ve ever been
to a concert, you’ll know the sense of togetherness you get from the rest of the crowd.
Out of a huge crowd, every single fan is there for the same reason, and when the crowd
erupts for the artist or a favorite song, it’s a sens e of community you won’t get anywhere
else.
3. Should government provide financial support to promote
traditional performance?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, I reckon so. ( Explain your reason or reasons )
The gradual disappearance of tra ditional performances is at the expense of national
culture. Therefore, the government should give financial incentives to traditional artists to
preserve the diversity of traditional forms of entertainment.
4. ls learning drama or dancing helpful for chil dren?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, it is ( Explain your reason or reasons ) Art
instruction helps children with the development of motor skills, musical talent , language
skills, social skills, decision -making, risk -taking, and inventiveness. Besides, art education
connects students with their own culture as well as with the wider world.

Vocabulary from Personality:
• extrovert
Meaning: an energetic person who likes the company of others
Example: =’d say = tend to be an extrovert.

Vocabulary from Music:

• musical talent
Meaning: skilled at music
Example: Her musical talent is beyond imagination.

Other vocabulary:

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54. aura [n]: the distinctive atmosphere or quality that seems to surround and be
generated by a person, thing, or place.: không khí, cảm giác
Eg: There was an aura of pride surrounding him, a glow that made him look happy and that
ended up making me feel a l ittle better too.
55. exhilarating [adj]: making you feel very excited and happy: gây phấn khích Eg: :ong
Kong in the late seventies was an exhilarating place to be.
56. togetherness [n]: the state of being close to another person or other people.: sự gắn
kết Eg: The sense of family togetherness was strong in the past.
57. at the expense of [expression]: in a way that harms (something or someone): khiến ai
chịu thiệt
Eg: Malls flourished at the expense of small stores downtown.
58. incentive [n]: something that encou rages you to do sth: động lực
Eg: In my country, there is literally no incentive for people to save fuel
59. preserve [v]: maintain (something) in its original or existing state.: gìn giữ Eg: We need
to preserve our liberties as free citizens.
2.Describe an exciting event you've had
Describe an exciting event you've had
You should say:
Where you had it
When you had it
Why you had this event
And explain why you felt excited

(Where you had it)
=’m going to describe an interesting event that took place in my high school years ago.
Actually, there were numerous events during my high school years, but the one that I

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remember of as most fascinating was the camping day, which is held for all students from
three grades. During the event, besides building a campsite together, each class also opens
a small stall to sell food or souvenirs for customers of all ages, even the parents or graduate
students.
(When you had it)
It is celebrated annually, wh ich frequently falls in the middle of March. The camping days
take place in the spring with balmy weather, which offers all students the chance to
enjoy the event to the fullest . For this event, we have two camping days with an
overnight stay, so there are a lot of preparations to make beforehand.
(Why you had this event)
Well, the event includes a wide range of activities, which cater for students of different
interests, preference and talents. Most activities involve team work, which is great to
stren gthen established friendships and also to develop new friendships by connecting with
students in other classes. The most exciting part was the sale of our own products during
the first morning, which was quite chaotic and even competitive, as all of us had to entice
as many customers as possible. Therefore, apart from creative marketing, we also sang or
dance flashmobbed to captivate the crowd, which gave us a lot of pleasure in the end. As
I see it, this event really provided a communal living environment and provided new
experiences through which students develop self -management skills and interpersonal
skills.
(And explain why you felt excited)
I really enjoyed the camping day, as it was one of the most memorable events during my
high school’s journey, when all of us were so vibrant and carefree. The event united all the
students in my school and relieved our burden of intensive study a great deal. As time
went by, when embarking on higher education , we seemed to be too occupied to take
part in these ki nds of events and most importantly, few of us could be fortunate enough
to derive the exact feeling we used to experience in the past.

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Vocabulary from Education:
higher education:
Meaning: education, usually in a college or university that is followed after high school or
secondary school
Example: Higher education is only suitable for those committed enough to learning.

Other vocabulary:

60. fascinating [adj]: extremely interest ing and attractive: thú vị, lôi cuốn Eg: Your trip to
Alaska sounds absolutely fascinating.
61. balmy [adj]: (of the weather) pleasantly warm.: dễ chịu
Eg: The exhibition was held in the balmy days of late summer.
62. enjoy sth to the fullest [expression]: enjoy sth to the greatest possible degree: vui vẻ
tận hưởng
Eg: Janie tried her best to enjoy the show to the fullest after the exam.
63. strengthen [v]: ma ke or become stronger.: mạnh hơn, làm vững mạnh
Eg: Positive reinforcement is the delivery of a stimulus that strengthens the behavior.
64. chaotic [adj]: in a state of complete confusion and lack of order: hỗn loạn Eg: The
traffic in the city is chaotic in the rush hour.
65. communal [adj]: shared by all members of a community; for common use.: của chung,
cộng đồng
Eg: Two people shared a room and the entire floor shared a communal bathroom and
shower room.
66. self -management [n]: management of or by oneself; the taking of responsibility for
one's own behavior and well -being.: sự tự quản lý
Eg: Self -management is about making a choice to do more than you need to
67. vibrant [adj]: full of energy and enthusiasm.: đầy nhiệt huyết
Eg: The director says that he has always been inspired by the vibrant energy of the youth
and the charm of campuses.

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68. intensive [adj]: involving a lot of work or activity done in a short time: tập trung,
chuyên sâu
Eg: These are highly intensive courses for business and professional people.
69. embark on [v]: to [set out] on a new [journey] , or to go forth on a [venture]: dấn than
vào
Eg: When you embark on something, you are starting it — and it's exciting.



3.Describe something you bought but difficult to use at first
Describe something you bought but found difficult to use at first
You should say:
What it was
Where you bought it
How you used it successfully and how you felt about it
(What it was)
=’m going to describe an item = bought but confronted a lot of difficulties in using at first,
because of some specific reasons. It was a Macbook air 2018, which I set aside a lot of
money to purchase to celebrate my 20 th birthday. For a student like me, the price of such
and high -end product was quite exorbitant . However, everything from the chassis to the
user interface is beautifully designed on a Mac, so I think it is well worth the money.
(Where you bought it)
It was months ago when I visited the FPT shop and chose this laptop by myself. I remember
feeling on nine cloud when bringing it from the store to my room. At that time, I was quite
overwhelmed by the s ize and product variety of the store, and I just wished that I could be
a billionaire to buy everything there. For computer buffs , this place is truly a heaven.

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(How you used it successfully and how you felt about it)
Excited as I was to possess such a n item, I found myself experiencing certain discomfort to
familiarize myself with the Mac system. The keyboard shortcuts are just completely
different from that of Windows. It's easy to learn Command -C instead of Control -C, but it
actually took me quite a while to figure out there was a shortcut for deleting a file. At that
time, my work was considerably hindered and my productivity was also affected. I
remember doing a thorough search about the differences between the two systems and
practiced using the ne w laptop on a regular basis with great determination. Over time, I
grew accustomed to using Mac and made use of it a great deal, so I feel a sense of
accomplishment whenever recalling this experience.


Vocabulary from Technology:
a computer buff:
Meaning: an expert computer user
Example: = wouldn’t call myself a techie or a computer buff but = enjoy using computers.

Other vocabulary:

70. set aside [v]: to save something, usually money or time, for a special purpose:
dành dụm , để dành
Eg: He had some money in an account that he'd set aside for his kids.
71. exorbitant [adj]: (of prices and demands) much too large: giá cắt cổ Eg: The hotel
charges were exorbitant.
72. interface [n]: a point where two systems, subjects, organizations, etc., meet and
interact.: giao diện
Eg: The key account manager acts as the primary int erface between the supplier
organization and the customer.
73. on nine cloud [expression]: to be extremely happy and excited: cực kì vui sướng
Eg: "Was Helen pleased about getting that job?" "Pleased? She was on cloud nine!"

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74. discomfort [n]: a feeling of bei ng uncomfortable physically or mentally, or something
that causes this: sự khó chịu
Eg: You may feel a little discomfort for a few days after the operation.
75. hinder [v]: to limit the ability of someone to do something, or to limit the development
of some thing: cản trở
Eg: High winds have hindered firefighters in their efforts to put out the blaze.
76. familiarize [v]: give (someone) knowledge or understanding of something: làm quen
Eg: To familiarize yourself with something is to learn about it or become comfortable
with it.
77. thorough [adj]: detailed and careful: tường tận
Eg: They did a thorough search of the area but found nothing.
78. (be)/ grow accustomed to [expression]: familiar with something: trở nên quen với Eg:
She quickly became accustomed to his messy ways.

PART 3: PRODUCTS

5. What kinds of products do young people think are useful but old people may not?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, young people are often attracted to
innovative gadgets while old people often find them unnecessary. (Explain your
reason or reaso ns ) As I see it, most seniors find using technological devices an arduous
task . Many products and services often are not appropriate to the needs of elder
users, exacerbating the sense of frustration and leading to a dependence on other
people ( Give an exa mple (often a personal example )) )) For example, my grandmother
often turns to my sister and I for help with her smart phones, because she is not
familiar with the keyboards.
6. Do you think product instructions are useful for users to use products better? (Give
a direct answer to the question ) Yes, I think they are. ( Explain your reason or reasons )
The instruction manual is one of the most important set of details provided to the
customer. Its sole purpose is to ensure the customers uses product properly. Clear
artwork should be provided to the supplier at the time of the purchase order.

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7. What do you usually do if you don't know how to use the things you have bought?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) I would try to figure out how to use it instead
of l eaving it behind. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) Normally, I would do a thorough
search about the item and practice using it with great determination. Of course I have
experienced certain discomforts with complicated products, but in most cases, I
manage d to familiarize myself with them.
8. Do you think it is necessary to produce many new products nowadays?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) It is quite necessary nowadays. ( Explain your
reason or reasons ) Regarding economical merits, customers now can enjoy inexpensive
purchases of diverse types of goods, which is particularly favorable for the households with
limited financial backgrounds . In addition, the availability of more low -priced products
offers consumers more spending choices and boosts overa ll consumption.

Vocabulary from Technology:
gadget
Meaning: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera

Example: Such a gadget would help you considerably in studying.

Other vocabulary:

79. arduous [adj]: difficult, needing a lot of effort and energy: khó khăn, gian nan Eg: =n
those days, a trip to the West was an arduous journey.
80. exacerbate [v]: to make something that is already bad even worse: làm tồi tệ hơn
Eg: This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.
81. properly [adv]: correctly, or in a satisfactory way: một cách phù hợp Eg: ='m not
properly d ressed for this kind of weather.
82. thorough [adj]: detailed and careful: tường tận
Eg: They did a thorough search of the area but found nothing.

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83. discomfort [n]: a feeling of being uncomfortable physically or mentally, or something
that causes this: sự k hó chịu
Eg: You may feel a little discomfort for a few days after the operation.
84. familiarize [v]: give (someone) knowledge or understanding of something: làm quen
Eg: To familiarize yourself with something is to learn about it or become comfortable
wit h it.
85. favorable [adj]: to the advantage of someone or something.: thuận lợi Eg: Old, mature
fig trees can grow at least 40 feet tall in favorable climates.
86. background [n]: the conditions that existed before a particular event happened, and
that help to explain why it happened: bối cảnh, hoàn cảnh
Eg: These decisions have had to be made against a background of high unemployment.


4.Describe a difficult challenge you met
Describe a difficult challenge you met
You should say:
What it was
When you met it
Where you met it
And explain why you think it is a challenge

(What it was)
Today =’m going to describe a challenge = confronted recently. I usually go out for a w alk in
the evening every day and sometimes play some outdoor games, but the outdoor activity
that I did for the first time last month was another level of difficulty, mountain climbing.
(When you met it and where you met it)

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At that time, after completing the arduous end -of -term examination, I was invited by a
friend to go climbing on a mountain. He'd been doing it for about six months and I had
asked him about it once as I was curious w hether mountain climbing requires a lot of
stamina . At that time, I wanted to get away from it all and preferred going somewhere off
the beaten track . I accepted his request without hesitation and even bought some suitable
clothes for this activity. It was great fun, although I was a little scared at first, apprehensive
to be exact, my special instructor was really experienced and I started practising on the
ground and very low on the wall to gain my confidence so there was very little risk.
However, the re ality did not seem that easy, as the route to reach the mountain peak is in
twists and turns , we almost felt the terminal point was approaching but it was endless. I
got a little exhausted and had to lean against a tree. My friend encouraged me to hold on,
take a deep breath and only think about the mountain peak to continue to climb.
(And explain why you think it is a challenge)
Well, first of all, it was a completely new and somehow adventurous experience for me.
Climbing a mountain is as similar as ov ercoming each obstacle in your life to eventually
fulfill your ambitions. When I reach the top of a mountain, I feel a great sense of
refreshment and my mind is momentarily away from all burdens and other distractions.
Though undeniably exciting, mountain climbing requires a level of advanced preparation
and physical fitness that few other activities can equal . I have more confidence in myself
after conquering such a demanding challenge for the very first time.

Vocabulary from Holiday:
• to get away from it all:
Meaning: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful lifestyle
Example: How can I get away from it all and just simply relax at the end of the day?
• off the beaten track:
Meaning: in or into an isolated place
Example: The farmhouse we stayed in was completely off the beaten track.

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Other vocabulary:

87. confront [v]: to face, meet, or deal with a difficult situation or person: đương đầu
Eg: It's an issue we'll have to confront at some point, no matter how unpleasant it is.
88. arduous [adj]: difficult, needing a lot of effort and energy: gian nan Eg: Domestic
work remained especially arduous since, even in the 1970s, a large part of rural
housing lacked basic amenities .
89. stamina [n]: the physical and/or mental strength to do something that might be
difficult and will take a long time: sức bền Eg: The triathlon is a great test of stamina.
90. without hesitation [expression]: if you say that someone does something without
hesitation, you are emphasizing that they do it immediately and willingly.: không do
dự Eg: The great majority of players would, of course, sign the contract without
hesitation.
91. apprehensive [adj]: feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that
is g oing to happen: lo sợ
Eg: I'm very apprehensive about tomorrow's meeting.
92. twist and turns [expression]: curves and frequent changes of direction: những chỗ
quanh co khúc khuỷu
Eg: The road through the mountains has many twists and turns.
93. adventurous [adj]: exciting and often dangerous: mạo hiểm
Eg: Instead of staying in the hotel all the time, we wanted to go out and be adventurous.
94. refreshment [n]: the fact of making sb feel stronger or less tired or hot: sự làm cho
sảng khoái
Eg: Minh is trying t o find a place for rest and refreshment.
95. distraction (n): something that prevents someone from giving their attention to
something else: chuyện gây xao nhãng
Eg: You can turn the television off if you find it a distraction.
Eg: It takes a lot of stamina to run a marathon.

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96. equal [v]: to achieve the same standard or level as someone else, or the same
standard or level as you did before: sánh bằng
Eg: We raise d over $500 for charity last year and we're hoping to equal that this year.
PART 3: CHALLENGES

9. Do you think parents should give kids challenges?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, I do think so and the reasons are manifold.
(Explain your reason or reasons ) It is important that young people are pushed by their
parents to be the best they can possibly be, in whatever pursuit they take part in ( Give an
example (often a personal example )) Challenges and cut throat competition prepare
children for the real world. If you want a good job or a good salary, you have to compete
with others.
10. What challenges do you think children might have to face up to? What is the most
challenging t hing for kids?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) There are many difficulties youngsters are
presented with nowadays. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) For me, they are under intense
pressure to find a productive place within society – either within th e mainstream education
system or satisfactory employment. The emphasis on acquiring accomplishments , status
and wealth at a young age is by no means easy for them.
11. Can parents reduce the challenges that kids have? Why?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) They should, to a certain extent. ( Explain your
reason or reasons ) They should properly ensure that their children, foremost, have fun,
which will encourage the m to stay interested and motivated in the achievement activity.
Otherwise, by providing their with children challenges in which they are overmatched,
parents may be inadvertently inhibiting, rather than facilitating, their interest,
achievement, and enjoym ent in the activity.

Vocabulary from Business:
cut throat competition
Meaning: intense competition

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Example: Entering the national football team is a cut throat competition for all.

Other vocabulary:

97. manifold [adj]: many and of several different types: đa dạng, nhiều Eg: Despite her
manifold faults, she was a strong leader.
98. pursuit [n]: the action of following or pursuing someone or something.: sự theo đuổi
Eg: All those who ran or walked the first fixture co llected three points and will now
have target times to chase in pursuit of the overall title.
99. intense [adj]: of extreme force, degree, or strength.: dữ dội
Eg: His head slammed against the window; breaking the glass before he flew forward, his
ribcage h itting the steering wheel with intense force.
100. accomplishment [n]: something that is successful, or that is achieved after a lot of
work or effort: thành tựu
Eg: Getting the two leaders to sign a peace treaty was his greatest accomplishment.
101. by no means [expression]: not at all: không hề
Eg: It is by no means certain that we'll finish the project by June.
102. properly [adv]: correctly, or in a satisfactory way: một cách phù hợp Eg: ='m not
properly dressed for this kind of weather.
103. inadvertently [n]: with out intention; accidentally.: vô tình
Eg: His name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.



5.Describe an interesting animal you have ever seen
Describe an interesting animal you have ever seen
You should say:
What it was
Where you saw it

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What it did
And why you think it was interesting
(What it was)
=’m going to talk about an occasion on which = got to see elephants. = have had the chance
to see a lot of animals with my naked eyes , but the most intriguing one for me are
intelligent elephants. Elephants are mammals as well as herbivores , meaning they only eat
plants rather than meat. Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth, and they're one
of the most unique -looking animals, too. With their characteristic long noses, or trunks;
large, floppy ears; and wide, thick legs, there is n o other animal with a similar physique.
(Where you saw it)
It was last summer when my whole family had a trip to Ho Chi Minh City, and we decided
to visit the city’s renowned zoo, Thao Cam Vien. =t was ranked eighth among the oldest
zoos in the world. Up to now, it is 132 years old. It is the house to rare orchids , ornamental
plants and hundreds of species of mammals, reptiles and birds. The main aim of Thao Cam
Vien is to conserve animals and plants, especially endangered species and educate the
public. One way to protect these species is using breeding programs.
(What it did)
I got the chance to see a group of elephants swimming, which is quite unexpected for me
as
= didn’t know that they have this ability. Elephants move all four legs to swim and are able
to move quite fast. Their big bodies provide enough fl otation while the trunk acts like a
snorkel. From my observation, baby elephants especially enjoy playing in water. They will
often try to climb on the backs of older and bigger elephants and then splash back intos
the water. Calves will suck water into th eir trunks and spray each other playfully.
(And why you think it was interesting)
Elephants feature many characteristics that are similar to humans. Apart from their
gigantic bodies, they also boast extraordinary memories. Besides, they are recognized as

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being among the most intelligent creatures on earth. Elephants are capable of a range of
emotions, including joy, playfulness, grief and mourning. In addition, elephants are able to
learn new facts and behaviours, mimic sounds that they hear, self -medicat e, play with a
sense of humour, perform artistic activities, use tools and display compassion and self -
awareness.


Vocabulary from Environment:
endangered species
Meaning: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct
Example: Many tourists expressed their concern about the increasing rate of endangered
species in this zoo.

Other vocabulary:

104. with one’s naked eyes [expression]: without using any special device for making
images larger: bằng mắt thường
Eg: We live miles away, but on a clear night, you can see the city skyscrapers with the naked
eye.
105. herbivores [n]: an animal that eats only plants: động vật ăn c ỏ Eg: Cows and sheep
are herbivores.
106. physique [n]: the form, size, and development of a person's body: vóc dáng, thể chất
Eg: By 1540, Henry had become fat and he had lost the muscular physique he had
when he was younger.
107. ornamental [adj]: beautiful rather than useful: dùng để trang trí
Eg: The handles on each side of the box are purely ornamental
108. conserve [v]: protect (something, especially an environmentally or culturally
important place or thing) from harm or destruction: bảo tồ n

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Eg: As a result, their main impulse is to conserve wilderness from destruction by humans.
109. snorkel [n]: a short curved tube for a swimmer to breathe through while keeping the
face under water.: ống thở
Eg: But yesterday he donned his snorkel and fl ippers to defend his title as World Champion
Bog Snorkeller.
110. gigantic [adj]: of very great size or extent; huge or enormous.: to lớn, đồ sộ
Eg: The hunt for a house has been a gigantic part of my life for the last year so I'm bound
to feel as if there's something missing.
111. grief [v]: deep sorrow, especially that caused by someone's death.: nỗi buồn Eg: Grief
over a traumatic death does not follow an accepted timeline.
112. mimic [v]: imitate (someone or their actions or words), typically in order to entert ain
or ridicule.: bắt chước
Eg: I've just mimicked him all my life, so he was a herpetologist, one who studies reptiles
113. compassion [n]: sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of
others.: long trắc ẩn
Eg: After supping her fi ll of horrors, her capacity to feel compassion was deeply affected.


PART 3: ANIMALS
12. How do you like taking care of animals?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) To me, taking care of animals is an arduous task.
Besides providing all the necessary things, like food, water, shelter and safety, you also
need to provide quality health care for them. To be honest, I am not a very particular
animal lover to be honest. I get frightened by different kinds of animals due to my past
experience with them, and the only kind that I feel easy to be with are birds. ( Give an
example (often a personal example )) I admire them for their beautiful voices a nd the
unique ability to fly.
13. What kinds of pets are most popular in Vietnam?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Vietnamese people loves their pets, especially dogs.
They appreciate dogs for the company and loyalty they provide. You could find a dog, a cat

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or a cow being owned by a Vietnamese family. I think it is not for any monetary reasons
but rather because they like being surrounded by animals and taking great care of them.
Animals do bring a certain amount of happiness and togetherness in a fami ly. ( Explain the
opposite or alternative ) Fish are another common pet in Vietnam even though they don’t
do much for their owners. Besides, some foreigners are surprised to know that birds and
reptiles are prefered by many Vietnamese.
14. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of having a pet?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) On the one hand, having domesticated animals at
home is interesting. Some people decide to own pets because they need a companion at
home. Playing with pets is a kind of refreshment. (Explain the opposite or alternative ) On
the other hand, the disadvantages of having pets relate mostly to the responsibility of
caring for them. Pet owners must discharge their duties responsibly by feeding these
animals under their care with proper food, exercising them and ensuring they get medical
treatment, as well as the required yearly vaccination .

Vocabulary:
88. arduous [adj]: involving or requiring strenuous effort; difficult and tiring.: gian truân
Eg: Before becoming a Mass server one had to learn the Latin responses and this was a
long and arduous task.
89. shelter [n]: a place giving temporary protection from bad weath er or danger.:
nơi trú ẩn
Eg: A year after the earthquake that devastated Gujarat, local people still live in tents or
temporary shelters.
90. particular [adj]: special, or this and not any other: đặc biệt
Eg: In the light of recent incidents, we are ask ing our customers to take particular care of
their personal belongings.
91. appreciate [v]: to recognize how good someone or something is and to value him, her,
or it: trân trọng
Eg: There's no point buying him expensive wines - he doesn't appreciate the m.
92. surround [v]: to be everywhere around something: bao quanh

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Eg: She said that she wanted to die surrounded by the people she loves
93. togetherness [n]: the pleasant feeling of being united with other people in friendship
and understanding: sự bên nhau
Eg: War had given to the community a greater sense of togetherness.
94. reptile [n]: an animal that produces eggs and uses the heat of the sun to keep its blood
warm: động vật bò sát
Eg: Reptiles are cold -blooded animals – they need the sun to stay warm.
95. domesticated [adj]: (of an animal) tame and kept as a pet or on a farm.: được thuần
hóa
Eg: However, milk -producing ruminant animals were domesticate d about 10,000 years
ago, according to archaeological evidence.
96. refreshment [n]: the fact of making sb feel stronger or less tired or hot: sự làm cho
sảng khoái
Eg: Minh is trying to find a place for rest and refreshment.
97. vaccination [n]: the process or an act of giving someone a vaccine (= a substance put
into a person's body to prevent them getting a disease): tiêm chủng Eg: All the children
were given two vaccinations against measles.



6. Describe a family member who you spend the most time with
Describe a family member who you spend the most time with
You should say:
Who this person is?
What kind of person he /she is?
What you usually do together?
And explain why you spend most time with him/her?

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(Who this person is)
I truly feel blessed to have a great family with those who made unparalleled contributions
to help me go ahead. Among them my father’s impact is the most meaningful and = really
treasure our quality time together , despite his hectic schedule.

(What kind of person he /she is?)
He is the person whom I love most in this world and I consider him to be a perfect father
and husband with his upbeat disposition, resourcefulness and responsibility. My father is
an exemplary person who has led an honest life. As a high -ranking government officer, he
has had many chances to pile up the riches but he has always known what the right things
are to do and never broke the rules.

(What you usually do together?)
From my childhood, he has dedicated much time to raising me with great care, affe ction
and mentorship. When I was young, he taught me moral lessons about the world,
inspirational people and values and also the necessary skills. No matter how preoccupied
with work, he always tried to give whole -hearted support to my education, especially with
my activities at school. When we are together, he frequently discusses plans for the future
with me and encourages me to challenge myself by stepping out of my comfort zones.
(And explain why you spend most time wit h him/her?)
As a father, I would say he has done everything possible to raise me and my sister. He spent
his entire life catering to our interests and demands and applied much perspiration and
hardship. The basics of humanity and the importance of educati on were values he
delivered to me. We get on very well with each other and I enjoy his company . Our time
together has always been insightful and full of joy.

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Vocabulary from Relationship:
• to get on well with
Meaning: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
Example: We all get on really well and have a lot in common so we’re always happy doing
the same things and going to the same places
• to enjoy someone’s company:
Meaning: to like spending time w ith someone
Example: = think we enjoy each other’s company so we rarely fall out with each other.


Other vocabulary:

114. unparalleled [adj]: better than all others : không thể sánh bằng
Eg: He had a talent unparalleled by any other politician in this country. 115. phenomenon
[n]: something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc., especially something unusual
or interesting: hiện tượng
Eg: Do you believe in the paranormal and other psychic phenomena? 116.
upbeat [adj]: full of hope, happiness, and good feelings: lạc quan, vui vẻ Eg:
Live music and a parade set an upbeat mood for the official opening.
117. resourcefulness [n]: the ability to be good at finding ways of doing things and solving
problems : sự tháo vát
Eg: Resource fulness is an essential quality for a good employee.
118. exemplary [adj]: providing a good example for sb to copy : gương mẫu
Eg: Minh is the most exemplary student in our class this semester.
119. affection [n]: the feeling of liking or loving sth/sb very much : tình yêu thương Eg:
Children nowadays need a lot of attention and affection.
120. inspirational [adj]: making you feel full of hope or encouraged: truyền cảm hứng Eg:
He gave an inspirational reading of his own poems.
121. whole -hearted [adj]: completely enthus iastic: hết lòng
Eg: The minister has pledged his wholehearted support for the plans.

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122. comfort zone [expression]: a situation in which you feel comfortable and in which your
ability and determination are not being tested: vùng an toàn
Eg: Rock climbing pushes many people beyond their comfort zones.
123. perspiration [n]: the process of sweating: sự đổ mồ hôi
Eg: He failed to do this, but found that shed blood and perspiration had no more attraction
for females than had water.
124. insightful [adj]: having or showing an accurate and deep understanding; perceptive.:
sâu sắc
Eg: This is a very thoughtful, insightful analysis.

PART 3: FAMILY

15. What are the benefits of younger and older generations living together? How about the
drawbacks?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) In terms of the advantages, we can see that the
appearance of more family members will ease the burden of raising kids. (Explain your
reason or reasons ) in big families, there are definitely more connections and in teractions
between family members. Besides, grandparents could also teach valuable lessons and
essential manners to their children. ( Give an example (often a personal example ))
However, there exists some generation gaps when three generations living togeth er, which
sometimes increases the tension between family members. Besides, the vast difference in
age could hinder understanding between family members. Nowadays, as life is becoming
increasingly modernized , especially in hectic cities, only parents and children live together.
16. Which do you prefer, support from family members or friends? Why?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, definitely my family. ( Explain your reason or
reasons ) You can have many friends but your family members are irreplaceable . Friends
can come and go at different stages of your life like secondary school, high school,
university but it is your family who never abandon you no matter what happens. ( Explain
the opposite or alternative ) Yet, your friends’ support is a very important factor that leads
to your personal growth. ( Give an example (often a personal example )) As my own

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example, good friends are especially important during times of crisis and turbulence.
When I find myself going through a hard time, my closest friend never failed to cheer me
up and sailed me through both emotional and academic setbacks.

Vocabulary:

125. burden [n]: a duty that causes worry, difficulty or hard work : gánh nặng
Eg: = don’t want to become a burden to my family when =’m old.
126. valuable [adj]: very useful or impor tant: có giá trị
Eg: The book provides valuable information on recent trends.
127. tension [n]: a situation when people do not trust each other, or feel unfriendly
towards each other : sự căng thẳng
Eg: There is mounting tension in the company.
128. hinder [v]: to make it difficult for sb to do sth or sth to happen: cản trở Eg: There
is a political situation that hinders economic growth.
129. modernize [v]: to make sth more modern and more suitable for use at the present
time: hiện đại hóa
Eg: The factory is investing more money to modernize its facilities.
130. hectic [adj]: very busy, full of activity : sôi động Eg: :o Chi Minh is a very hectic
city.
131. irreplaceable [adj]: cannot be replaced: không thể thay thế được Eg: Her position
in his heart is irreplaceable.
132. abandon [v]: to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for : rời bỏ Eg: The baby
had been abandoned by its heartless mother. 133. turbulence [n]: a state of
confusion without any order: sự xáo trộn Eg: The era was characterized by political
and cultural turbulence.
134. setback [n]: something that happens that delays or prevents a process from
developing: sự trở ngại
Eg: There has been a slight/tem porary setback in our plans.

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7. Describe a crowded place you have been to
You should say:
When you went there
Who you went there with
Why you went there
And how you felt about it

(When you went there)
Most often, crowded places are public venues that attract a great number of people.
Megacities like New York, Beijing, and Tokyo are known for being exceptionally crowded.
Photos of massive crowds of people depict these cities' residents doing everything f rom
walking down the street to marching in parades and even sitting in traffic. My experience
at a crowded place was in one of these cities, Tokyo.
(Who you went there with)
Last month, my family decided to choose Tokyo as our holiday destination . Tokyo is Japan's
capital and the world's most populous metropolis. Today, Tokyo has become one of the
world’s most active major cities, home to cutting -edge technology, information, culture,
and fashion, as well as a high level of public safet y.
(Why you went there)

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Visiting Tokyo has always been one of my biggest travel dreams. It is a modern, fast -
paced city that still embraces its traditional roots. Even though the city is large, there’s a
sense of cleanliness and order about Tokyo that m akes it extremely accessible to visitors.
(And how you felt about it)
There are many things to talk about the once in a life time experience in Tokyo. Perhaps
best of all is its structure: lacking a clearly marked center, it’s made up of a patchwork of
different neighborhoods, each distinct in identity and atmosphere. “Animated" is perhaps
the best word to describe Tokyo. The most crowded place must be Shibuya crossing, the
biggest and busiest crossing in Tokyo, where sometimes 1000 or more people cross the
intersection at once. My family also experienced Tokyo’s crowded trains during rush hour
once, and the commotion was so bothersome. Apart from its overwhelming number of
people, I have nothing to complain about this city. Indeed, I am particularly imp ressed with
the civility and orderliness of the people here.
Part 3
PART 3: CROWDED PLACE
17. Do people like to go to crowded places? Why?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, I think most modern people are into crowded
places and the reasons are manifold . (Explain your reason or reasons ) Practically, vibrant
young people prefer sharing their activities with the crowd and take it as collective
enjoyment. ( Explain the oppo site or alternative ) However, while young people like
adventure & loudness, older people value their privacy and their time by themselves.
18. How can the problem of traffic congestion be solved?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) On the one hand, adequa te investment on road
improvements might help reduce chaotic traffic congestion in cities significantly ( Explain
the opposite or alternative ). Besides, implementing rail and subway systems could
guarantee that traffic congestion is properly addressed. ( Explain your reason or reasons )
In fact, trains do not have to go through intersections and traffic lights, and dedicated lines
ensure their travel is hardly interrupted.

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19. Why do people still like to live in big cities even though there are severe traffic jams?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Apparently, for many city dwellers, life in the city
is increasingly accessible and offers a plenty of opportunities. ( Explain your reason or
reasons ) Inarguably, when living in major cities, one will be presented with better career
prospects. For example, for those working in urban areas with more qualifications, job
positions in multinational companies would be more approachable.
20. What public facilities does your city have?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, my city offers quite a wide range of public
facilities for its residents (Explain your reason or reasons ) Thanks to the governmental
financial investment in improvements in systems of public transpo rt, like bus or
underground services; our daily travel has been greatly facilitated.

Vocabulary from Town and City:
public transport
Meaning: public vehicles such as buses and trains that operate at regular times on a fixed
route.
Example: This city offers an excellent system of public transport.

Other vocabulary:

135. manifold [adj]: many and of several different types: đa dạng, nhiều Eg: Despite her
manifold faults, she was a strong leader.
136. vibrant [adj]: full of energy and enthusiasm.: đầy nhiệt huyết
Eg: The director says that he has always been inspired by the vibrant en ergy of the youth
and the charm of campuses.
137. collective [adj]: of or shared by every member of a group of people: của chung
Eg: It was a collective decision/effort.
138. privacy [n]: the state of being alone: sự riêng tư
Eg: I hate sharing a bedroom - I ne ver get any privacy.

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139. chaotic [adj]: in a state of complete confusion and lack of order: hỗn loạn Eg: The
traffic in the city is chaotic in the rush hour.
140. implement [v]: to start using a plan or system: triển khai thực hiện
Eg: The changes to the national health system will be imp lemented next year.
141. properly [adv]: correctly, or in a satisfactory way: một cách phù hợp Eg: ='m not
properly dressed for this kind of weather.
142. intersection [n]: a point or line common to lines or surfaces that intersect: ngã tư
Eg: If you remember ba ck to an economics class you might have taken, much time was
spent on the intersection of lines in those graphs.
143. approachable [adj]: (of a place) able to be reached from a particular direction or by a
particular means.: dễ tiếp cận
Eg: The headland it wa s built on forms a natural stronghold with the sea on three sides and
is only approachable from the north.
144. facility [n]: something such as a place, building, or equipment used for a particular
purpose or activity: cơ sở
Eg: His facility for memorizing da tes was astonishing.


8. Describe a time when someone apologized to you
Describe a time when someone apologized to you
You should say:
When it was
Who this person is
Why he or she apologized to you
How you felt about it
(When it was and who this person is)
Apologizing is a part of good manners and I believe that it helps to pacify many bothersome
situations happening in everyday life. In several events, others have apologized to me but

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the apology from my closest friend , Linh, was the most significant to me. This happened a
few months ago, my father presented me with two movie tickets, as an incentive to
achieve a full -scored performance in the English exam. The compelling trailer of this movie
captured my attention righ t away and I knew that I should enjoy it with my bestie.
Unhesitatingly, I decided to invite Linh, and we quickly made an appointment for the
cinema before 6pm.
(Why he or she apologized to you)
As scheduled previously, Linh was supposed to show up at t he cinema at 5:30, but
somehow she did not. I did give her so many rings , but she did not answer any of them. I
kept waiting until 6 pm, in case she was busy on something else, but in vain . In the heat of
the moment , I lost my temper and furiously left her a message, saying how disappointed
I was with her and asked whether she respected our relationship. A day later, Linh called
me and sent a heartfelt apology to me. She explained that on that day, her younger brother
was disturbed by a serious eating disor der and she had to take care of him at the hospital.
Because the incident was so sudden and unexpected, she was too nervous to bring the
phone with her and was unable to contact me. Linh hoped that I could understand and
sympathize with her.
(How you fel t about it)
Honestly, I felt a little guilty for being too aggressive while knowing nothing about her
situation. From this incident, I also understand that everything happens for its own reason.
We should not jump to a conclusion without careful considera tion. Besides, I think a
thankyou or a sincere apology is truly an indication of respect from the individual for the
relationship he or she is in.

Vocabulary from Personality:
to lose one’s temper:
Meaning: to suddenly become angry
Example: You should not lose your temper in situations like that.

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Other vocabulary:

1. pacify [v]: to make sb who is angry or upset become calm and quiet : làm yên, làm
nguôi ngoai
Eg: The speech was designed to pacify the irate crowd.
2. bothersome [adj]: special, good or unusual and therefore worth remembering or easy
to remember : đáng nhớ
Eg: This is a truly memorable occasion for all people involved.
3. incentive [n]: something that encourages you to do sth: động lực Eg: =n my country,
there is literally no incentive for people to save fuel.
4. give sb a ring [expression]: phone sb: gọi điện cho ai đó
Eg: Minh promised to give me a ring as soon as he came home.
5. in the heat of the moment [expression]: be in the moment of strong feelings,
especially of anger or excitement : trong lúc giận dữ, kích động
Eg: In the heat of the moment, Lind a forgot what she wanted to say to her mother.
6. furiously [adv]: in an angry way : một cách giận dữ
Eg: All the architects worked furiously during the week, complaining that their wages were
unsatisfactory.
7. heartfelt [adj]: showing strong feelings tha t are sincere : chân thành, thật tâm Eg: =n
the ceremony, the director expressed heartfelt gratitude to all the employees, who
worked diligently on the project.
8. sympathize with [v]: to feel sory for sb; to show that you understand and feel sorry
about sb ’s problem : thông cảm, đồng cảm
Eg: The reporter sympathized with the victim, because she herself has undergone such
similar unhappy experiences.
9. jump to a conclusion [expression]: to make a decision about sth/ sb too quickly, before
you know or have thought about all the facts: vội vàng đi đến kết luận

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Eg: The police neglectfully overlooked the situation and jumped to the conclusion that he
was guilty.
10. indication [n]: a remark or sign that shows that sth is happening or what sb is thinking
or feeling: sự biểu thị, dấu hiệu
Eg: Obviously, there are indications that the economy of this nation is improving.

PART 3: APOLOGIZE
21. On what occasion do people usually apologize to others?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, sometimes people apologize when realizi ng
they may have hurt another individual (i.e., physically, emotionally, mentally) by accident.
A sincere apology allows you to let people know you're not proud of what you did, and
won't be repeating the behavior. ( Give an example (often a personal examp le)) For
example, whenever I lose my temper and behave inappropriately towards others, I send
my apology to them afterwards.
22. Do people in your country like to say "sorry"?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, not very often ( Explain your reason o r
reasons ) = assume it’s not a part of our culture. ( Give an example (often a personal
example )) From my experience, Japanese people are more inclined to say sorry.
Apologizing is built into the Japanese language. Japanese people have it in their blood; th ey
apologize all the time, even when it’s not their fault. =t’s almost like a reflex , but it’s not,
because = could see the emotion in my Hapanese friends’ eyes every time they apologized
to me. They even do it if they touch you by mistake or have their ba ck turned at you without
being willing to.
23. Do you think people should apologize for anything wrong they do?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, I do. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) If
something you've done has caused pain for another person, i t's a good idea to apologize,
even if whatever you did was unintentional . This is because apologizing opens up the doors
to communication, which allows you to reconnect with the person who was hurt. In these
ways, being adept at apologizing when appropriat e can bring the benefits that come with
stronger relationships, reduced conflict, and forgiveness — it's well worth the effort.

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Vocabulary from Personality:
to lose one’s temper:
Meaning: to suddenly become angry
Example: You should not lose your temper in situations like that.

Other vocabulary:

145. inappropriately [adv]: in a way that is unsuitable, or wrong in a particular situation:
không phù hợp
Eg: There is nothing to suggest the attorney acted inappropriately in the case.
146. (be) inclined to [adj]: likely or wanting to do something: có khả năng làm gì Eg: No
one seemed inclined to help.
147. reflex [n]: a physical reaction to something that you canno t control: phản xạ Eg: ='m
sorry I punched him, it was a reflex action/response.
148. unintentional [adj]: not done on purpose.: không cố ý
Eg: There's an unintentional feeling of sadness in Woody Allen's latest comedy.
149. adept [adj]: having a natural ab ility to do something that needs skill: khéo léo
Eg: She's very adept at dealing with the media.
150. worth the effort [expression]: If you say that something is worth the effort, you
mean that it will justify the energy that you have spent or will spend on it: xứng công Eg:
Fortunately, the chore of leaf sweeping is well worth the effort.


9. Describe an important journey that has been delayed
Describe an important journey that has been delayed
You should say:

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When it was
Why it was important
How it was delayed
And how you felt about it
(When it was)
Today, =’m going to describe an important journey that was delayed. It was a trip organized
to Bach Ma national park for all students in my high school three years ago, with a view to
raising students’ awareness of the importance of protecting the environment.
(Why it was important)
The reason why it was of great importance is because this educational trip is a beneficial
way for student to acquire both knowledge and ex perience. I remember when notified of
this trip, our class together searched a lot of information about the park. We were
enthralled to see pictures of several thousands trees, faunas and floras, hills, lakes etc of
this place. Our biology teacher used to tell us that this national park boasts a lot of
endangered species. Through this trip, we were able to learn more about the importance
of forests, the necessity and our responsibility to alleviate environmental problems,
making the world a better place for all the species and not just for humans only.
(How it was delayed)
Against our expectations, the weather that day was so horrible that the headmaster
decided to delay this journey for the sake of students’ safety. This situation was so
unexpected becaus e I clearly remember that the weather of the day before was perfect
with a mild temperature. However, the unexpectedly unfavorable weather eventually
hindered our plan.

(And how you felt about it)

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Needless to say, my friends and I were quite pissed off . To me, the whole trip promised to
be enlightening and truly practical, which would offer students a getaway from daily heavy
schoolwork. However, our school rearranged the trip for the students and w e managed to
get to the park 2 months later, which was an unforgettable experience for us all.


Vocabulary from Environment:
endangered species
Meaning: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct
Example: Many tourists expressed their concern about the increasing rate of endangered
species in this zoo.

Other vocabulary:

1. with a view to [expression]: with an intention to do sth: với mục đích làm gì đó
Eg: The politician reveals the truth with a view to gaining more faith from the public.
2. (be) enthralled by sth [adj]: be attracted to sth that is so interesting, beautiful : bị mê
hoặc, cuốn hút
Eg: The child watched, completely enthralled by bright moving images.
3. (to) boast [v]: have sth that is impressive and that you can be proud of : sở hữu, lấy
làm kiêu hãnh khi có được
Eg: The hotel also boasts two swimming pools and a golf c ourse.
4. alleviate [n]: to make something bad such as pain or problems less severe: làm dịu đi
Eg: The drugs did nothing to alleviate her pain/suffering.
5. for the sake of [expression]: in order to help or bring advantage to someone: vì lợi ích
của
Eg: He moved to the seaside for the sake of his health.
6. unfavorable [adj]: not tending to help; not likely to lead to a positive result: không có
lợi

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Eg: Unfavorable weather conditions this morning caused a postponement of the launch of
the space shuttle.
7. hinder [v]: to limit the ability of someone to do something, or to limit the development
of something: cản trở
Eg: High winds have hindered firefighters in their efforts to put out the blaze.
8. (be) pissed off [adj]: very annoyed; angry: bực tức
Eg: He'd kept me waiting for an hour so I was pissed off to start with.
9. enlightening [adj]: giving sb information so that they understand sth better: khai sáng,
bổ ích
Eg: The lecture was so enlightening that all the students loved it.
10. getaway [n]: an escape from s th : sự trốn thoát
Eg: If you aspire to a getaway from the harshness of life, this place is a suitable one.


PART 3: TRANSPORTATION

24. Do people still drive a car if public transportation is free of charge?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, probably. ( Give an example (often a personal
example )) Free public transport would reduce the number of cars on the road. Global
warming is a serious issue and if public transport was free, more people would use it,
taking cars off the road and substantially cutting down CO2 emissions . With more users,
bad public transport networks would be improved by the government, to make it
increasingl y approachable . =t’s definitely a worthwhile incentive.
25. How can transportation in rural areas be developed?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Reliable transportation is needed for rural residents
to access healthcare services, consumer services, employment and educational
opportunities, and social services. It is also important for accessing recreation and other
activities of daily life. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) Therefore, the long -term
investment in an efficient and affordable s ystem of transportation would lay the

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foundation for economic growth in rural areas and help ensure that people can obtain
services and participate in public life.
26. How do people usually go travelling?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) People travel quite often nowadays. ( Explain your
reason or reasons ) The presence of modern technology and low -cost air travel has eased
much of the burden associated with travelling. Since we now have access to more tools
and infrastructure, the transportation system a s well as travel have been improved. For
example, roads are better, wider and more accessible; therefore, the need to travel has
increased rapidly.
27. In what ways can the traffic conditions in a city be improved?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) For me, upgrading rail and subway systems in cities
could ensure that traffic congestion is properly addressed. ( Explain your reason or
reasons ) Unlike cars and buses, trains are capable of transporting hundreds of people
simultaneously and thus would meet the transport demand of a vast number of
passengers. In fact, trains do not have to go through intersections and traffic lights, and
dedicated lines ensure their travel is hardly interrupted.


Vocabulary from Town and City:
• public transport
Meaning: public vehicles such as buses and trains that operate at regular times on fixed
routes.
Example: This city offers an excellent system of public transport.

Vocabulary from the environment:

• to cut down on emissions
Meaning : to reduce the amount of gases sent out into the air
Example: People must be made aware of the need to cut down on emissions from their
cars if we are to reduce air pollution.

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• global warming
Meaning: the process by which the Earth is getting hotter, as a result of the greenhouse
effect
Example: Perhaps the major environmental challenge which faces humanity today is global
warming , because it threatens our survival.

Other vocabulary:

151. app roachable [adj]: (of a place) able to be reached from a particular direction or by a
particular means.: dễ tiếp cận
Eg: The headland it was built on forms a natural stronghold with the sea on three sides and
is only approachable from the north.
152. incentive [n]: something that encourages you to do sth: động lực
Eg: In my country, there is literally no incentive for people to save fuel
153. long -term [adj]: that will last or have an effect over a long period of time: dài hạn
Eg: At the m oment, long -term investment in education would favour the overall
development of this nation.
154. lay the foundation for sth [expression]: set, start a principle, an idea or a fact that
something is based on and that it grows from: đặt nền tảng cho cái gì Eg : Respect and
friendship lay a solid foundation for marriage.
155. burden [n]: a duty that causes worry, difficulty or hard work : gánh nặng
Eg: = don’t want to become a burden to my family when =’m old.
156. intersection [n]: a point or line common to lines or surfaces that intersect: ngã tư
Eg: If you remember back to an economics class you might have taken, much time was
spent on the intersection of lines in those graphs.

10. Describe a change that can improve your local area
Describe a change that can improve your local area

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You should say:
What it is
How it can be made
What benefit it will bring
And how you feel about it
(What it is)
=’m going to describe a change that can improve my local area, which is the construction of
a new giant building in the city center. Located in the city center, this building would be a
complex of shopping malls , hotels and offices. For a small area like m y city, the advent of
a modern, state -of-the -art shopping mall would be an undoubtedly favorable
development. It would consists mainly in changes related to social, economic, as well as
functional and spatial spheres.

(How it can be made)
Well, I thi nk it is the local authorities’ responsibility to initiate such a large -scale project.
The construction of this building would require a professional architectural firm, a team of
subcontractors, a knowledgeable contractor, and a cooperative developer/owne r to get
the job done in a reasonable time frame.
(What benefit it will bring)
There are many benefits that follow such a development for a small area. First, this
complex would incorporate ample parking in its design and construction. This would make
it advantageous for people who choose to shop there instead of a single store. With a wider
range of goods and services, the overall consumer spending would be strongly stimulated ,
which favors the provincial economy. The center would also allow foreign visi tors to
purchase goods with greater diversity, as compared to other supermarkets in the past.

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(And how you felt about it)
Apparently, such an improvement would exert a long -term influence on the lives of local
people in plenty of aspects, such as the economy, tourism. As a part of the city, I feel really
excited about this progressive turn and = believe the building would enhance people’s living
standards as a whole. Most importa ntly, the success of this building would lay the very
foundation for other large -scale investments in my city.


Vocabulary from Town and City :
shopping malls
Meaning: large indoor shopping centres
Example: There are many shopping malls in the city centre.

Other vocabulary:

157. favorable [adj]: to the advantage of sb/sth: thuận lợi
Eg: The speaker announced the favorable establishment of a new college.
158. spatial [ adj]: of or relating to space: thuộc về không gian Eg: The exhibition has great
spatial sense.

159. initiate [v]: to make something begin: đề xuất, khởi xướng Eg: The gove rnment has
initiated a program of economic reform.
160. incorporate [v]: include/ take sth in as a form: kết hợp, tích hợp
Eg: The building incorporates a lot of state -of-the -art facilities.
161. consumer spending [expression]: the spending of consumer: chi ti êu của người tiêu
dùng
Eg: Consumer spending this year has increased exponentially.
162. stimulate [v]: to make something develop or become more active; to encourage
something: kích thích, khuyến khích

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Eg: The article can be used to stimulate discussion among students.
163. long -term [adj]: that will last or have an effect over a long period of time: dà i hạn
Eg: At the moment, long -term investment in education would favour the overall
development of this nation.
164. progressive [adj]: happening or developing steadily: đang phát triển Eg: There is a
progressive reduction in the size of the workforce.
165. large -scale [adj]: involving many people or things, especially over a wide area: có quy
mô, kích cỡ lớn
Eg: This building is a large -scale development for our nation.
166. lay the foundation for sth [expression]: set, start a principle, an idea or a fact t hat
something is based on and that it grows from: đặt nền tảng cho cái gì Eg: Respect and
friendship lay a solid foundation for marriage.

PART 3: COMMUNITY

28. Why are people living in a community friendly with others?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, it is quite easy to understand the importance
of living in a community (Explain your reason or reasons ) Being a part of a community can
make us feel as though we are a part of something greater than ourselves. It can give us
opportunities to connect with people, to reach for our goals, and makes us feel safe and
secure. ( Give an example (often a personal example )) In the age where technology both
conne cts us and separates us, a friendly residential area can greatly benefit our well -being
and can increase our contentment in day -to -day life.
29. Do people like living in community?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) I think the majority do. ( Explain you r reason or
reasons ) It seems that our sense of self -worth and well -being is inextricably linked to the
feeling that we are part of a group. This sense of belonging allows us to feel acknowledged
and recognized for who we truly are. This sense of belonging is very much part and parcel
of being a member of an intentional community. Through sharing our lives on a daily basis
we can also enjoy mutually supportive relationships that can be more trusting than usual.

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30. Where do people in a community usually have a social gathering?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, the organization of a social gathering would
be in the interest of the people involved. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) Social
gatherings develop social skills and empathy — the outward -orien ted dimensions of
emotional intelligence. Participating in social events enables individuals to meet people
who can help them academically, or even professionally. Relationship -building is a good
habit that students need to learn because the world of work requires aptitude in
negotiation , communication and, well, more networking.

Vocabulary from Town and City:
residential area
Meaning: an area where people live
Example: I live in a residential area of a busy town in the south of Spain

Other vocabulary:

167. contentment [n]: a state of happiness and satisfaction.: sự hài lòng
Eg: Reddy was an avid reader and got many hours of contentment and enjoyment from
books and newspapers.
168. inextricably [adv]: in a way that is unable to be separated, released, or escaped from:
chặt chẽ
Eg: The Louis Armstrong legend is inextricably linked with his recordings.
169. part and parcel [expression]: to be a feature of something, esp ecially a feature that
cannot be avoided: là một phần của
Eg: Being recognized in the street is part and parcel of being a celebrity.
170. supportive [adj]: showing agreement and giving encouragement: có tính giúp đỡ Eg:
Children with supportive parents often do better at school than those without.
171. in the interest of [expression]: if you do something in the interests of a particular result
or situati on, you do it in order to achieve that result or maintain that situation: có lợi

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cho ai Eg: A call for all businessmen to work together is in the interests of national
stability.
172. aptitude [n]: a natural ability or skill: năng lực
Eg: We will take your pe rsonal aptitudes and abilities into account.
173. negotiation [n]: the process of discussing something with someone in order to reach
an agreement with them, or the discussions themselves: sự thương lượng Eg: The
agreement was reached after a series of diffic ult negotiations.



11. Describe an occasion when weather prevented your activity
Describe an occasion when weather prevented your activity
You should say:
When it was
Why it prevented your activity
What you did
And how you felt about it
(When it was)
=’m going to tell you an experience that happened last summer when = was going to hike
on a far -away mountain. However, the unexpectedly unfavorable weather eventually
hindered my plan. It was a balmy day with a mild temperature, such perfect conditions for
quite an adventurous activity like hiking. After having breakfast, I checked my backpack;
made sure I was wearing my most comfortable shoes, and took the bus to the foothills.
(Why it prevented your activity)
However, when I reached there, the sun disappeared and the temperature changed vastly .
The wind had picked up, with dark clouds rolling across the sky. This was no doubt an
indication of a heavy rain or worse, a big storm. From my previous experience, I k new right

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away it is by no means an easy task to hike by myself in such conditions, as the mountain
road I chose was full of twist and turns .
(What you did)
Demotivated as I felt, I had to cancel my hiking plans for the sake of my safety. However,
on t he way back, I found that there was a hot spring resort by the road, which I had never
been to before. I decided to treat myself to a service there to make up for the failed plan.
(And how you felt about it)
Of course, I was utterly disappointed initial ly, because I had been planning this hike for a
long time. Yet, the spring resort experience was wonderful itself. After two hours there, all
my tiredness was gone, and I felt such a sense of refreshment. Though bathing was not my
first choice of the day, it actually turned out pretty fulfilling.

Vocabulary from Holiday:
heavy rain
Meaning: intense rainfall
Example: Many tourists have their flights delayed due to the heavy rain.

Other vocabulary:


174. hinder [v]: to limit the ability of someone to do something, or to limit the development
of something: cản trở
Eg: High winds have hindered firefighters in their efforts to put out the blaze.
175. balmy [adj]: (of the weather) pleasantly warm.: dễ chịu
Eg: The exhibition was held in the balmy days of late summer.
176. adventurous [adj]: exciting and often dangerous: mạo hiểm
Eg: Instead of staying in the hotel all the time, we wanted to go out and be adventurous.
177. vastly [adv]: very much: rất nhiều

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Eg: Assessing the larger numbers of women suffering severe maternal morbidity would
vastly increase their workload.
178. indica tion [n]: a remark or sign that shows that sth is happening or what sb is thinking
or feeling: sự biểu thị, dấu hiệu
Eg: Obviously, there are indications that the economy of this nation is improving.
179. by no means [expression]: not at all: không hề
Eg: It is by no means certain that we'll finish the project by June.
180. twist and turns [expression]: curves and frequent changes of direction: những chỗ
quanh co khúc khuỷu
Eg: The road through the mountains has many twists and turns.
181. demotivate [v]: to make someone less enthusiastic about sth: làm nhụt chí
Eg: She was very demotivated by being told she had little chance of being promoted.
182. utterly [adv]: completely or ext remely: cực kì
Eg: She was utterly devastated when her husband died.
183. refreshment [n]: the fact of making sb feel stronger or less tired or hot: sự làm cho
sảng khoái
Eg: Minh is trying to find a place for rest and refreshment.
PART 3: WEATHER

31. Does weather have any impact on people's daily activities?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, of course. (Explain your reason or reasons )
Weather affects the e veryday lives of people by governing choices they make about what
clothes to wear, how to travel, and the activities in which they participate. Weather also
affects the moods of many people. ( Give an example (often a personal example )) In areas
where disti nct seasons exist, winter weather, such as snowstorms, can cancel school,
meaning parents may have to scramble for childcare, and students get a day off from
school.
Winter weather can also make commutes to work a nuisance, if not dangerous.
32. Why do people do different kinds of sports in different weather?

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(Give a direct answer to the question ) This is a way of adaptation for me. ( Explain your
reason or reasons ) The e ffects of weather on sport are varied, with some events being
unable to take place while others are changed considerably. While outdoor sports are most
affected, those played indoors can still be impacted by unfavorable weather conditions.
33. What kind of w eather do Vietnamese people like?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) =’m afraid there is no definite answer for this
question, but it may probably be the sunny, mild weather in spring. ( Explain your reason
or reasons ) The temperature at these times i s neither bitterly cold nor unbearably hot, so
people in Vietnam tend to go on a picnic, or take a brisk walk in the park. Besides, this is
the period that everyone gathers to their family, so I believe that people particularly feel
happier with this kind of weather.
34. Do Vietnamese people talk about weather when they meet for the first time?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, not at all. ( Explain your reason or reasons )
As far as =’m concerned, this is the very tradition of British people. The r eal reason that
people in Britain like to talk about the weather is because they are quite socially inept.
Besides, the weather makes a particularly good topic of conversation there because it is so
variable. This is not really the case in Vietnam.

Vocabulary from Sports:
a brisk walk:
Meaning: a fast walk
Example: You should take a brisk walk to relax yourself.

Other vocabulary:

98. govern [v]: conduct the policy, actions, and affairs of (a state, organization, or people):
quản lí, điều khiển
Eg: The Netherlands is a unitary state governed by a central body..
99. distinct [adj]: recognizably different in nature from something else of a similar type.:
khác biệt

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Eg: Whilst distinct in terms of research focus, the two projects were theoretically and
methodologically similar.
100. nuisance [n]: a person, thing, or circumstance causing inconvenience or annoyance:
sự khó chịu
Eg: In return, they don't secede or otherwise make a nuisance of themselves.
4. unfavorable [adj]: not likely to lead to a positive result: không có lợi
Eg: Unfavorable weather conditions this morning caused a postponement of the launch of
the space shuttle.
5. bitterly [adv]: bitterly cold = extremely and unpleasantly cold: buốt (lạnh) Eg: The
winter in Canada last year was bitterly cold.
6. unbearably [n]: in a way that is too painful or unpleasant for you to continue to
experience: một cách không thể chịu đựng được Eg: The sun was almost
unbearably hot today.
7. period [n]: the length of time that something lasts: sự kéo dài Eg: :e planned a
stay o f a two year period .
8. inept [adj]: having or showing no skill; clumsy.: vụng về
Eg: Consecutive governments have insisted on a completely inept policy of open
immigration.
9. variable [adj]: not consistent or having a fixed pattern; liable to change.: hay thay
đổi Eg: Even the music, which, whilst variable in quality, has some genuinely
affecting moments, ultimately seems insubstantial.



12. Describe a person who taught you something (knowledge or principles)
Describe a person who taught you something (knowledge or principles)
You should say:
Who this person is
What he/she is like

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What he/she taught you
And how you felt about him/h er

(Who this person is)
Teaching and imparting knowledge with others is an essential part in life. Today =’m going
to talk about a person who taught me public speaking. He is Mr Minh Quan, the CEO of my
company. Despite his young age, he holds an impor tant position in the company and is
highly valued by other people. Apart from being my superior, he is also my university
senior, and we get on very well with each other.
(What he/she is like)
Being a chef executive, he is always occupied with work, but I rarely see him displaying
tiredness. Mr Quan is in charge of directing the company as well as delegating tasks to
personnel. Besides, he also undertakes crucial negotiations with other partners, which
requires both interpersonal skills and working exper ience accumulated over the years.
(What he/she taught you)
Well, I first met him through a start -up competition, in which his team convincingly won
the first prize. In his team, Mr Quan stood out as the most competent contestant, with his
articulate an d assertive performance in public speaking, which mainly contributed to his
team’s astounding victory. Therefore, = tried to make friends with him after the
competition and asked for his tips with regards to public speaking. Luckily, he accepted
without he sitation and from then on, he has been very accommodating.
(And how you felt about him/her)
I feel really fortunate to get to know him and be instructed by him to speak more
confidently in front of the public. Under any circumstances, he would maintain his
punctuality , which not only endears himself to clients but also sets a good example for
oth er employees. Most importantly, he always handles every situation with responsibility
and complete impartiality .

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Vocabulary from Relationship:
to get on well with
Meaning: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
Example: We all get on really well and have a lot in common so we’re always happy doing
the same things and going to the same places


Other vocabulary:

184. impart [v]: as for something; speaking about something khi xét đến, nhắc đến cái gì
Eg: When it comes to fishing, John is an expert.

185. delegate [v]: to give a particular job, duty, right, etc. to someone else so that they do
it for you: giao việc
Eg: A s a boss, you have to delegate responsibilities to your staff.
186. interpersonal skills [expression]: skills that are connected with the relationship
between people: kĩ năng giao tiếp
Eg: Interpersonal skills are necessary for employees of every field.
187. accumulate [v]: to collect a large number of things over a long period of time: tích lũy
Eg: As people accumulate more wealth, they tend to spend a greater proportion of their
income.
188. articulate [adj]: able to express thoughts and feelings easily and clearly, or showing
this quality: ăn nói lưu loát
Eg: Selena is an intelligent and highly articulate young woman.
189. without hesitation [expression]: if you say that someone does something without
hes itation, you are emphasizing that they do it immediately and willingly.: không do dự

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Eg: The great majority of players would, of course, sign the contract without hesitation.
190. punctuality [n]: the habit of arriving or happening at the time that has be en agreed:
sự đúng hẹn, đúng giờ
Eg: There is a bonus scheme for employees who show good performance and punctuality.
191. endear oneself to sth [v]: make sb like oneself, sth: khiến ai yêu thích Eg: :is courtesy
endears himself to other girls in his class .
192. set a good example for [expression]: to behave in a way that other people should
copy:
làm gương tốt
Eg: You should be setting a good example to your younger brother.
193. impartiality [n]: the state of not supporting any of the sides involved in an argu ment:
sự công bằng, không thiên vị
Eg: The state must ensure the independence and impartiality of the justice system.



13. Describe an achievement when you put great effort to gain (Describe a goal you set and achieved.)
Describe an achievement when you put great effort to gain
You should say: what it was; why you set this
goal; whether it was difficult to achieve this goal;
and explain how you felt about achieving this
goal.
(W hat it was)
Well, I think sometimes people spend their whole life earning money and fame. No doubt,
money is necessary for living but it is not the thing that is the biggest achievement
according to me. So far, my most fulfilled achievement is overcoming cut throat
competition to receive the fully -funded scholarship to study in the US for a semester I
recently received.

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(Why you set this goal)
Studying abroad has always been one of my biggest ambitions and if I can achieve this, I
will be able to get access to a more advanced education, which is a golden opportunity for
personal development. Studying in a foreign country is not merely a change of location but
also of language, culture, and perspective, w hich is likely to have a profound impact on
one’s identity and future. =ndeed, studying abroad can be a life -changing experience for
students, allowing for tremendous academic, professional, and personal growth.
(Whether it was difficult to achieve this g oal)
Of course, it is very challenging and cumbersome to receive a foreign scholarship. Applying
to a foreign university is a lengthy procedure, which not only requires an excellent
academic performance, but also your active participation in extracurricul ar activities.
Besides, the intense level of competition is unavoidable, as there are numerous potential
and competent applicants. Besides, for my family’s financial situation, money for
education was always too much of a privilege. But I always study with perseverance ,
believing that knowledge would serve me well regardless of my surroundings.
(And explain how you felt about achieving this goal)
Well, this achievement means a lot to me because it not only fulfills my long -held dream
of studying abroad, but also reaffirms the faith that hard work does get recognized and
appreciated. This allows me the chance to get access to a network of like -minde d,
hardworking, and dedicated peers. I believe that I am fully equipped to overcome all the
obstacles that may arise during my time abroad. I am confident that the experience not
only can help me advance in my academic and career development but also widen my
perspective of the world and of myself.


Vocabulary from Business:
cut throat competition
Meaning: intense competition
Example: Entering the national football team is cut throat competition for all.

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Other vocabulary:

194. fully -funded [expression]: fully funded means everything is paid for: được tài trợ toàn
diện
Eg: Fully Funded Scholarships mean the Scholarship which covers your whole study, travel
and living cost.

195. a golden opportunity [expression]: a special, wonde rful opportunity: cơ hội vàng, cơ
hội tuyệt vời
Eg: Businesses have a golden opportunity to expand into new markets.
196. profound [adj]: (of a state, quality, or emotion) very great or intense.: rất lớn
Eg: For these women and for hundreds of other men and women who have experienced
tremendous loss, the past year has piled myriad emotions on top of profound sadness.
197. cumbersome [adj]: difficult to do or manage and taking a lot of time and effort:
nhọn nhằn, khó khăn
Eg: Critics say that the process for amending the Constitution is cumbersome, but others
defend it.
198. level of competition [n]: the extent, degree of a competition between people : mức
độ cạnh tranh
Eg: The level of competition in this class is getting more intense.
199. competent [adj]: having enough skills or knowledge to do sth well: có năng lực, trình
độ
Eg: Nam is regarded as the most competent employee.
200. perseverance [n]: the effort to overcome di fficulties and obstacles: sự kiên trì,bền bỉ
Eg: They showed great perseverance in the face of difficulties
201. regardless of [expression]: irrespective of: bất kể
Eg: We recruit all qualified employees regardless of race.

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202. like -minded [adj]: having simi lar tastes or opinions.: cùng chí hướng Eg: Do
Australians surround themselves with like -minded people and what unites and divides
them?
203. equip [v]: to provide a person or a place with objects that are necessary for a particular
purpose: trang bị
Eg: All the police officers were equipped with shields to defend themselves against the
rioters.

14. Descibe a job you would not like to do in the future
Describe a job you would not like to do in the future

You should say:
What it is?
It is difficult or easy?
And explain why you do not want to get this job?
(What it is?)
Well, =’m doing a bachelor’s degree in English Pedagogy but I hardly think that I will an
English teacher in the future . As I see it, this job does not really suit my abilities, interests,
temperament and inclination .
(It is difficult or easy?)
Well, it’s quite difficult to say whether this job is challenging or comfort able. The most
important aspect of this job is to disseminate knowledge to others, especially young
individuals, in an efficient way. Therefore, teaching English would be a suitable option for
those who are articulate and patient by nature. :owever, =’m no t very patient with kids,
so there would be a lot of difficulty training them.
(And explain why you do not want to get this job?)

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Practically, English is an international language, which greatly requires one’s pursuit of this
language, if he or she wan ts to make substantial career’s advancements. =n my country,
where English is not a mother tongue, the demand for learning it is omnipresent . Yet, the
prevalence of English increases the intense rivalry among those majoring in English
Pedagogy . Therefore, I would love to embark on careers related to English and
international communication, like being a tour guide or an interpreter. This allows for a
more enviable income and more prospective career advancements.


Vocabulary from Education :
bachelor’s degree:
Meaning: an undergraduate course which usually lasts 3 -4 years
Example: = was doing a Bachelor’s Degree and it was a bit of a challenge

Other vocabulary:

204. temperament [n]: a person’s or an animal’s nature as shown in the way they behave
or react to situations or people : tính khí
Eg: Phuong is a dreamer and a romantic by temperament.
205. inclination [n]: a tendency to do sth: khuynh hướng, bản năng
Eg: There is an inclination to treat geography as a less important subject.
206. (to) disseminate [v]: to spread information, knowledge, etc. : truyền bá Eg: Their
findings have been widely disseminated by the media.
207. efficient [adj]: doing sth well and thorou ghly with no waste of time, money, or energy
: hiệu quả
Eg: Using solar energy is an efficient way to protect the environment.
208. articulate [adj]: able to express thoughts and feelings easily and clearly, or showing
this quality: ăn nói lưu loát
Eg: S elena is an intelligent and highly articulate young woman.

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209. patient [adj]: able to wait for a long time or accept annoying behavior or difficulties
without becoming angry : kiên nhẫn
Eg: Linh can become a good mother because she’s is very patient with ch ildren.
210. pursuit [n]: the act of looking for or trying to find sth: sự theo đuổi Eg: She travelled
the world in pursuit of her dreams.
211. substantial [adj]: large in amount, value or importance : đáng kể
Eg: Substantial numbers of people showed their support for the reform.
212. omnipresent [adj]: everywhere : xuất hiện khắp mọi nơi Eg: The telephone is
omnipresent in this day and age.
213. enviable [adj]: sth that is enviable is the sort of thing that is good and that other
people want to have too : đáng ghen tị
Eg: He is in the enviable position of having two job offers to choose from.




15. Describe a time you wouldn’t use the mobile phone
Describe a time you couldn’t use a mobile phone

You should say:
When it was and where it was
Why you could not use your mobile phone
How you felt about it

(When it was and where it was)
=’m going to describe a time when = didn’t use the mobile phone. Well, = was not allowed
to use it to be correct. I remember during our Math lessons in 12 th grade in high school,

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the teacher decided to ban the use of mobile phones, considering its adverse im pacts on
students’ performance. At first, she wasn’t set in her ways to impose such a strict rule,
however, on second thoughts ; she believed the total disappearance of mobile phones in
the class would be in the interest of all students.
(Why you could no t use your mobile phone)
Well, our teacher was convinced that such a gadget would constantly generate great
distractions among students during class, and accordingly , discouraging their learning
spirit. Indeed, this was really the case for many. In my cla ss, those who owned a mobile
phone could hardly pay full attention as they were constantly checking their phones for
messages and the like. As a result, our teachers found it worrisome and disturbing when
students were using phones in their class and we en ded up not being able to bring
cellphones to school at all. If anyone needed to call their parents, they were allowed to use
the telephone in a supervisor’s room anytime.
(How you felt about it)
Honestly, at that time, the price of mobile phones was beyond my means ; therefore, only
those with money in my class were able to afford them. This rule exerted no effects on me
or my studying. However, many of my friends felt irritated because they had grown
accustomed to performing calculations with the assistance of a cell phone instead of a
calculator.

Vocabulary from Technology:
gadget
Meaning: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera

Example: Such a gadget would help you conside rably in studying.

Other vocabulary:

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214. adverse [adj]: preventing success or development; harmful; unfavorable: bất lợi Eg:
Of course, there is also the adverse publicity that could dog them for years to come.

215. set in one’s ways [expression]: to do the same things every day and to not want to
chan ge those habits: không thay đổi
Eg: As people get older, they often become set in their ways.
216. on second thoughts [expression]: used when you want to change a decision you have
made: khi suy nghĩ lại
Eg: Can I have a cup of coffee, please? - actually, o n second thoughts, I'll have a beer.
217. in the interest of [expression]: to the advantage or advancement of: có lợi cho ai
Eg: New students may be accommodated in halls of residence in the interest of the school.
218. distraction (n): something that preven ts someone from giving their attention to
something else: chuyện gây xao nhãng
Eg: You can turn the television off if you find it a distraction.
219. accordingly [adv]: in a way that suits the situation: theo sau đó, vì vậy Eg: They
accordingly stressed that the unqualified trust in reason could dangerously erode this
relationship.
220. worrisome (adj): worrying: đáng lo ngại
Eg: Alcohol and tobacco consumption by you ng people is especially worrisome because
habits formed early are likely to persist.
221. beyond one’s means (expression): Too costly for one, more than one can afford: quá
đắt so với ai
Eg: A second vacation this year is well beyond our means.
222. (be)/ grow a ccustomed to [expression]: familiar with something: trở nên quen với Eg:
She quickly became accustomed to his messy ways.
223. calculation (n): a mathematical determination of the size or number of something.: sự
tính toán
Eg: A calculation is a deliberate p rocess that transforms one or more inputs into one or
more results, with variable change.

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PART 3: PHONES
35. Do you think it is necessary to have laws on the use of mobile phones?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, this issue is quite complicated. (Explain your
reason or reasons ) From my perspective, cell phone usage should be restricted in public
places for the sake of the surrounding people. For example, in a nice restaurant, it would
be rude to answer your phone and talk to the other person because it would interrupt
other peoples' dates or dinners or get -togethers. Or in places like the library, m ovies and
especially in class while listening to a lecture, it can be very disruptive when someone next
to you starts using his/her cell phone.
36. How do you like children having mobile phones?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) = don’t really approve o f this, as having a cellphone
would affect their scholastic performances. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) Such a gadget
would constantly generate great distractions among students during class, and
accordingly , discourage their learning spirit. Indeed, th is has really been the case for many.
(Give an example ) When I was in secondary school, those who owned a mobile phone
could hardly pay full attention as they were constantly checking their phones for messages
and the like. As a result, our teachers found it worrisome and disturbing when students
were using phones in their class and we ended up not being able to bring cellphones to
school at all.
37. At what age should children have mobile phones?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Probably those above the age of 16 should have
mobile phones, as this would be in the interest of their health. ( Explain your reason or
reasons ) Children below the age of sixteen should not be given mobile phones since their
brain is too sensitive to wit hstand the effects of mobile radiation. Under the absorption of
radiation, children can have adverse health issues. Although adults also get affected by the
radiation it will be more consequential in children because of the increased absorption of
these ra diation levels.

Vocabulary from Technology:
gadget
Meaning: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera

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Example: Such a gadget would help you considerably in studying.

Other vocabulary:


224. for the sake of [expression]: in order to help or bring advantage to someone: vì lợi ích
của
Eg: If you do something for the sake of something, you do it for that purpose or in order
to achieve that result.
225. distraction (n): something that prevents someone from giving their attention to
something else: chuyện gây xao nhãng
Eg: You can turn the television off if you find it a distraction.
226. accordingly [adv]: in a way that suits the situation: theo sau đó, vì vậy Eg: They
accordingly stressed that the unqualified trust in reason could dangerously erode this
relationship.
227. worrisome (adj): worrying: đáng lo ngại
Eg: Alcohol and tobacco consumption by you ng people is especially worrisome because
habits formed early are likely to persist.
228. in the interest of [expression]: to the advantage or advancement of: có lợi cho ai
Eg: New students may be accommodated in halls of residence in the interest of the sch ool.
229. adverse [adj]: preventing success or development; harmful; unfavorable: bất lợi Eg:
Of course, there is also the adverse publicity that could dog them for years to come.
230. withstand [v]: remain undamaged or unaffected by; resist.: chịu đựn g
Eg: The structure had been designed to withstand winds of more than 100 mph

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16. Describe a ideal house or apartment you would like to live in the future

You should say:
• What it is like
• Where it is
• When you want to live there
• And explain why it is ideal to you
(What it is like) Now, I would like to share with you a bit about a house that I would
love to live in. The walls will be painted in white, which will make my house look a
lot brighter and reduce the absorption of heat. Also, the doors will all be glass
because there is no thing more elegant than glass. I follow the minimalism of the
Japanese, and I am lazy, so there will be nothing much inside my house apart from
a kitchen, creamy lights, and some very essential necessities. There is no question
of paintings or complicated furniture being in my house.
(Where it is) =’ve dreamed of having a big detached house with spacious rooms in
the resort city of Danang since it was crowned the most liveable city in Vietnam,
and has won this title for 5 years, leaving far behind its rivals such as Vung Tau,
which is my hometown, and Ho Chi Minh city, which is the wealthiest city in
Vietnam. Danang is such a stunning coastal city with magnificent views of the sea
and the mountains. =t’s natural and modern at the same time, that’s why I would
love to live there.
(When you want to live there) I would love to live in this house when I graduate
from university and have a stable job. Only at that time will I be able to leave Ho Chi

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Minh city for Da Nang because I have to finish my deg ree at a university in Ho Chi
Minh city.
(And explain why it is ideal to you) From what =’ve said, there are two main reasons.
This house is located in the city of Danang, which is a coastal city with beautiful
beaches and mountains. The house is built in deference to Japanese minimalism
and =’m a couch potato who does not want to spend time on tidying up the house
too frequently.
Vocabulary from accommodation :
1. Detached house (n): a house that is not physically connected to another
property
Example: Prices are rising so fast that people can't afford detached houses .
2. Spacious room (n): a large room
Example: a spacious house /living room
3. To be crowned (v): được trao vương miện/thắng cái gì đ ó
Example: Queen Elizabeth II was crowned (queen ) (= made queen in a special
ceremony ) in 1953.
Nữ hoàng Elizabeth == được trao vương miện vào năm 1953.
4. To leave someone far behind (n): bỏ xa ai đ ó.
Example: Three years later , the company had left all its close rivals far behind .
Ba năm sau đó, công ty này đã bỏ xa các đối thủ.
5. Absorption (n): sự hút
Example: Some poisonous gases can enter the body by absorption through the skin .
Một số loại khí có thể đi vào cơ t hể qua đường hút của da.
6. In deference to something (phrase): theo cái gì đó.

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Example: She covered her head in deference to Muslim custom.
Cô ấy che đầu lại theo luật :ồi giáo.
7. Couch potato (n): người lười biếng.
Example: A couch potato is a person who watches a lot of television and does not
have an active life
Một “couch potato” là người xem TV rất nhiều và không có một cuộc sống năng
động.
PART 3
1. Where do people in Vietnam like to live, in a house or an apartment?
People in Vietnam are considered to give their preference to private houses due to
the overwhelming part of the population dwelling in private houses. However, an
increasing number of citizens, especially in cities, choose to live in apartments as a
result of the populatio n explosion, which has triggered a substantial rise in the
prices of private houses.
2. What are the benefits of living in a house?
The first benefit of living in a house is that one can feel a clearer sense of privacy as
they do not face as much neighbou r-driven trouble as those living in apartments.
Also, it is worth highlighting the extent to which citizens living in their own houses
can save money normally spent on different areas such as security or public area
cleaning services.
3. Why do many people l ike to live in the city?
The answer is more than simple - it’s convenience. Not only can people enjoy more
convenience in terms of shopping and services, but they can also have the chance
to send their children to elite schools. Viewed from another perspective, those who
prefer a hectic life tend to live in the city as it offers them enough hustle and bustle .

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4. Where do people like to live, in the city center or the suburbs?
Many people want to live in the city centre. This can be clearly seen in the case of
Ho Chi Minh city. Since a majority of companies and offices are based in central
districts such as District 1, District 3, people tend to live as close to those districts as
possible, mostly in District 2 and Distri ct 7.
Vocabulary:
1. To give preference to something (phrase): ưu tiên
Example: The city gives preference to job applicants who live there.
Thành phố này ưu tiên những người xin việc sống ở đó.
2. To dwell (v): trú ngụ
Example: She dwelt in remote parts of Asia for many years .
Cô ây trú ngụ tại những hơi hẻo lánh ở Châu Á trong nhiều năm
3. To feel a/an + adj + sense of something (phrase): cảm thấy cái gì đó rõ ràng hơn
Example: He felt a deep sense of relief after the phone call
Anh ấy cảm thấy một sự nhẹ nhàng rõ ràng sau cuốc điện thoại.
4. -driven (suffix): được gây ra, ảnh hưởng bởi cái gì đó.
Example: The company's policies are essentially cost -driven .
Những chính sách của công ty chủ yếu là bị ảnh hưởng bởi chi phí (chi phí là cái
quyết định chính sách) 5. Elite (adj): ưu tú
Example: Ha Noi – Amsterdam and Le Hong Phong are two of the elite schools in
Vietnam.
:à Nội – Amsterdam và Lê :ồng Phong là hai trong số các trường ưu trú ở Việt Nam.
6. Hectic (adj): bận rộn

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Example: The area has become a haven for people tired of the hectic pace of city
life.
Khu vực này đã trở thành thiên đường cho những người mệt mỏi với nhịp sống bận
rộn của thành phố.
7. Hustle and bustle (idiom): hối hả và nhộn nhịp
Example: I love the hustle and bustle of the marketplace .
Tôi yêu cái sự hối hả và nhộn nhịp của khu chợ này.
17. Describe a successful small company that you know
You should say
• What it is
• How you knew about it
• How it became successful
• And explain how you felt about it
(what it is) the term entrepreneur has been all the rage recently as thousands of
successful start -ups deliver motivational speeches to inspire entrepreneurship.
Among different kinds of small start -ups, Trinh homestay, located in the Mekong
Delta, has emerged as one of the most successful ones in the prime age of tourism
in Vietnam.
(how you knew about it) As AirBnB, an app which supports homestays,
has succeeded in running marketing campaigns and offering lots of
deal s for both customers and homeowners, it is regarded as an ideal
alternative to traditional hotels, which will cost customers an arm and
a leg . Facebook and Instagram have been flooded with thousands of
posts about AirBnB services and some months ago, I stu mbled on Trinh
homestay.

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(how it became succesful) An article on CNN cast a spotlight on Trinh homestay,
helping her homestay gain independence from AirBnB. First, Trinh homestay was
just like millions of other homestays on AirBnB, however, Trinh’s creat ivity and
ardour for the Vietnamese culture lifted her first homestay out of AirBnB as Trinh
homestay expanded. Trinh has built many homestays in other provinces in the
Mekong Delta.
(and explain how you felt about it) I believe that Trinh homestay, alb eit operated
on a small scale, should be an exemplifier of the importance of creativity as well as
a profound knowledge of the local culture. Also, her success can be attributed to
the fact that she alone has built a small niche business that caters for cu lture
enthusiasts and ran her business on her own during the first days of Trinh
Homestay. Other homestays in Vietnam should follow this model using the cultural
traits of their own regions to apply to their own homestays, creating an atmosphere
that repre sents the local region’s culture right in the place where tourists stay.
Vocabulary from business :
1. Entrepreneur (n): khởi nghiệp
Example: :e’s an entrepreneur who made his money in computer software .
Anh ấy là một nhà khởi nghiệp mà tự làm ra tiền từ phần mềm máy tính.
2. Niche business (n): một doanh nghiệp phục vụ một thị trường cụ thể (doanh
nghiệp ngách)
Example: =t’s a small niche business that runs courses in how to cook.
Nó là một doanh nghiệp ngách mà có những lớp dạy nấu ăn.
3. To run business (phrase): điều hành một công ty
Example: He runs a dry cleaning business .
Anh ấy điều hành một công ty giặt khô.

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Other vocabulary:
1. To be all the rage (idiom): rất phổ biến
Example: In China , Mercedes -Benz cars are all the rage among the moneyed elite .
Ở Trung Quốc, xe Mercedes -Benz rất phổ biến ở giới thượng lưu nhiều tiền.
2. To cost someone an arm and a leg (idiom): rất mắc
Example: I'd love to buy a Porsche, but they cost an arm and a leg .
Tôi muốn mua một chiếc xe Porsche nhưng nó rất mắc.
Mọt cộng đồn g người nước ngoài đã sống ở đó.
4. To stumble across/on (phrase): vô tình thấy cái gì đó.
Example: Look at what I stumbled across/on at the flea market !
Hãy nhìn coi m ình thấy cái gì ở ngoài chợ trời nè!
Anh ấy cho thuê nhà dài hạn.
5. To cast spotlight on something (phrase): làm cái gì đó được nổi tiếng
Example: New high -res cameras cast a spotlight on fiery Popocatepetl volcano near
Mexico City.
Các máy ảnh độ phân giải cao mới làm núi lửa Popocatepetl gần Mexico City trở nên
nổi tiếng.
6. Exemplifier (n): ví dụ
Example: Singapore is an exemplifier for the ability to prevail of a small country.
Singapore là một ví dụ điển hình cho khả năng thành công của một quốc gia nhỏ.
Part 3
1. Which do you prefer, family firms or non -family ones?

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I prefer non -family businesses because they tend to be more professional and
organised. Meanwhile family firms are significantly less professional as employees
in this kind of business are not trained in a standard way.
2. What are important factors in makin g a company successful?
The most important factor which springs to my mind is the human. While it’s
undeniable that technology plays an integral role in delivering success to a
company, it is the human that has the control over technology and operates it .
3. What kinds of qualities should a successful businessman have?
Common sense , of course. This is a quality which everyone should have, not only
successful businessmen. Moreover, a successful businessman should also be able
to formulate visionary polici es and strategies.
4. What emerging industries do you know?
To the best of my knowledge, some emerging industries are tourism and beauty.
Vietnam’s tourism industry has been expanding at a double -digit rate, at least 10%
for the past 5 years. Meanwhile the beauty industry is also growing very fast as the
consumption of cosmetics is growing 5% per year.
Vocabulary:
1. to spring to mind (phrase): nảy ra trong đầu
Example: Say the word "Australia " and a vision of beaches and blue seas
immediately springs to mind .
Chỉ cần nói chữ Australia là một ý nghĩ về biển xanh lập tức nảy ra trong đầu
2. to have control over something (p hrase): kiểm soát
Example: She doesn't have any control over that child - it's embarrassing .
Cô ta chẳng thể kiểm soát được đứa trẻ đó, thật là xấu hổ.

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3. common sense (phrase): sự biết điều, suy nghĩ cơ bản
Example: Common sense and creativity are the essential qualities we need in an
employee .
Sự biết điều và sự sáng tạo là hai thứ quan trọng mà chúng tôi cần ở một nhân viên.
4. visionary (adj): có tầm nhìn
Example: A visionary thinking
Một suy nghĩ có tầm nhìn
5. to formulate a policy (phrase): tạo ra chính sách
Example: The government has just formulated a policy which requires all foreign
passengers to have a health certificate when entering the country.
Chính phủ vừa tạo ra chính sác bắt buộc tất cả các vị khách từ nước ngoài phải có
giấy khám sức khỏe khi tớ i nước họ.
6. double -digit (adj): hai số.
Example: The Asian tigers have seen a double -digit growth in the past decades.
Những con rồng châu Á đang phát triển ít nhất 2 số (vd: >=10%) trong những thập
niên qua.
18. Describe a time when you were excited

You should say:
• Where you were
• When it was
• Who you were with
• And explain why you were excited

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(Where you were) Today, I would like to talk about a time that made me so excited.
A couple of years ago, I was preparing for the first flight of my life. No one will never
get excited when knowing that he’ll fly for the first time, and I was not an exception.
That was a flight to my ancestors’ hometown in the North of Vietnam, :ai Phong
city.
(When it was) The flight was exactly 7 years ago when I was a 13 -year -old kid. Long
before that, I had always been curious about how it felt to be flying in the sky. I
frequently asked my neighbour, who was a filthy rich woman that flew very often
back then, how it felt to be in the middle of the sky. 7 -year -old me was all ears
listening to her story while my brain was all fired -up with imagination.
(Who you were with) I was all on edge waiting for my first flight with my aunt and
cousin. I just could not help counting down the days that I would fly.
(Explain why you were excited) Some days prior to the trip, I was filled with
excitement while having very bad butterflies in my stomach . I was excited partly
because it was my first flying experience while the feeling of worry was unavoidable
as not long before my flight, there had been a plane crash, reportedly caused by a
technica l problem. Those gloomy days covered the whole world. But thankfully, we
travelled safe and sound .
Vocabulary:
1. Filthy rich (adj): giàu nứt vách đổ tường
Example: His parents are filthy rich , so he gets eve rything he wants .
Bố mẹ anh ấy giàu nứt vách đổ tường, nên anh ấy có thể có bất cứ thứ gì anh ấy
muốn.
2. Be all ears (adj): tập trung lắng nghe
Example:I'm all ears - tell us what they had to say.

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Tôi đang rất tập trung lắng nghe – kể cho chúng tôi nghe những gì họ phải nói đi.
3. On edge (phrase): lo lắng/bồn chồn
Example: Is something wrong ? You seem a bit on edge this morning .
Có gì đó không ổn hả? Bạn trông khá lo lắng sáng hôm nay.
4. Have butterflies (idiom): rất lo lắng
Examp le: I had terrible butterflies before I gave that talk in Venice.
Tôi thực sự rất lo lắng trước khi tôi phát biểu lần đó tại Venice. 3
5. Safe and sound (idiom): bình yên/an toàn
Example: After three days lost in the mountains , all the climbers arrived home safe
and sound .
Sau ba ngày bị lạc trong núi, tất cả những người leo núi đã trở về nhà một cách an
toàn
Part 3
1. What personal events do people usually celebrate?
From hospitality major’s perspective , I believe personal events that are widely
celebrated in Vietnam are birthdays, weddings and wedding anniversaries. Birthday
parties are also a kind of event and oftentimes celebrated at home.
2. How do people celebrate their personal events?
Well, there are many ways to celebrate personal events. For example, as =’ve
mentioned, birthday parties often take place at home. However, some filthy rich
people hold their birthday parties at 5 -star hotels. In terms of large -scale wedding
parties, couples tend to celebrate in large halls or ballrooms with a capacity of up
to 400 people.
3. How much time do people need to prepare for celebrations?

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It depends on the scale of their celebrations. For example, it only takes a few days
to prepare for a small family reun ion lunch on the Lunar New Year’s day while big
events like weddings may take people up to months to prepare carefully.
Vocabulary:
1. Filthy rich (adj): giàu nứt vách đổ tường
Example: His parents are filthy rich , so he gets eve rything he wants .
Bố mẹ anh ấy giàu nứt vách đổ tường, nên anh ấy có thể có bất cứ thứ gì anh ấy
muốn.
2. Perspective (n): góc nhìn
Example: He writes from a Marxist perspective.
Anh ấy viết từ góc nhìn Mác xít.
3. Take place (phrasal verb): diễn ra
Example: The concert takes place next Thursday .
Buổi hòa nhạc sẽ diễn ra vào thứ năm tới.
19. Describe a person on the news that you’d like to meet
You should say:
• Who this person is
• Where you knew him/her
• What he/she is like
• And explain why you want to meet him/her
(Who this person is) Following the strong emergence of feminism during the past
10 years, females have gained a strong foothold in the world’s politics. Among all
of the female leaders in the world, Theresa May is the one I would like to meet the
most.

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(Where you knew him/her) I know Theresa May from the BBC. She is a former
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. She filled the void after her predecessor,
David Cameroon, resigned upon the UK’s choice to leave the EU. She was mainly in
charge of negotiations for a Brexit deal with EU leaders so as to bring the most
benefits to the UK, which seemed to be an unfeasible thing to do.
(What he/she is like) She is really famous for wearing a suit with her huge necklace
and short hair. Albeit in her 60s, she is deemed to look much older for her age ,
probably due to the stress she has suffered. However, she has a fair complexion
that Asians really like and looks pretty well -turned out . She always gets dressed up
to the nines whenever she appears in public.
(Explain why y ou would like to meet him/her) Although the UK kept pouring scorn
on her capabilities, I hold an opinion that she strived to deliver Brexit in a way that
the UK wanted. Yet, she was in a position that no one else would have wanted to
be in and I believe th at she did make pretty much of an effort to deliver Brexit. So I
would like to meet her because she was a patient and dedicated politician who
worked towards the mutual benefit of the whole UK.
Vocabulary from physical appearance :
1. Look older for someone’s age (phrase): Trông già hơn tuổi Example: The
makeup makes Lyn look older for her age.
Việc trang điểm làm Lyn trông già hơn tuổi.
2. A fair complexion (phrase): một làn da trắng
Example: A majority of Korean women want to have a fair complex ion .
Phần lớn phụ nữ :àn Quốc muốn có một làn da trắng. 3.
To be well -turned out (phrase): trông thông minh
Example: She’s always well -turned out .

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Cô ấy trông khá thông minh.
4. To get dressed up to the nines (idiom): mặc đồ chỉnh tề
Example: = really don’t see the point in getting dressed up to the nines unless you’re
going somewhere special.
Tôi thực sự thấy việc mặc đồ chỉnh tề luôn cần thiết, ngoại trừ khi bạn đi đâu đó đặc
biệt.
Other vocabulary:
1. Emergence (n): sự vượt lên
Example: During his 10 -year tenure at Disney, he overs aw the
company's emergence as a major producer of TV programming .
Trong vòng nhiệm kì 10 năm tại Disney, ông ấy nhận thấy được sự nổi lên của công
ty trở thành một nhà sản xuất chính trong các chương trình TV.
2. Gain a strong foothold in something (phrase): chiếm được một chỗ đứng chắc
trong một cái gì đó.
Example: In buying their business , the company gains a major foothold in a market
it considers critical to the future of the industry .
Bằng việc mua lại kinh doanh của họ, công ty đã chiếm được một chỗ đứng chắc
trong thị trường mà họ xem quan trọng với tương lai của họ.
3. Resign (v): từ chức
Example: He resigned from the company in order to take a more challenging job .
Anh ấy từ chức trong công ty để tiếp nhận một công việc đầy thử thách hơn.
4. Pour scorn on something (phrase): chỉ trích cái gì đó
Example: Critics of the president have been pouring scorn on the plan ever since it
was first proposed .

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Những nhà phê bình của tổng thống chỉ trích gay gắt về kế hoạch ngay từ khi nó
được đề xu ất lần đầu tiên.
Part 3
1. What kind of people do you usually see in the news?
People that appear in the news vary significantly, from criminals to heroes.
:owever, most of the time, we’re most likely to see celebrities in their glamorous
outfits and politicians delivering speeches .
2. Are stories about celebrities in the news always true?
The question of should one believe stories about celebrities in the news is always a
topic of debate in society. = don’t think so since celebrities may pay the broadcasters
to boast about their lives in order to build a good image of themselves.
3. ls news often about famous people? Why?
The news is not always about famous people, sometimes it covers the stories of
other people also such as those suffering in the bushfires that have raged on in
Australian forests. This is the case because people wa nt to know about not only
celebrities but also events. happening around the world.
4. Could superstars bring a positive influence to the public?
Yes, I believe they are capable of bringing a positive influence to the public,
especially through their charit y programmes. For example, Novak Djokovic, a super
tennis star who has been the World No.1 for three years in a row , has founded a
charity organisation called the Novak Djokovic Foundation which aims at helping
children in Serbia, which was a war -torn coun try some years ago.
1. glamorous (adj): lộng lẫy
Example: She was looking very glamorous .
Cô ấy trông lấy rộng lẫy.

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2. to deliver a speech (phrase): phát biểu
Example: The Governor of New York delivered a rousing speech to the
national convention .
Thống đốc New York đã có một bài phát b iểu sôi nổi trước hội nghị quốc gia.
3. to boast about sth/sb (phrase): khoe khoang
Example: Parents enjoy boasting about their children's achievements .
Những bậc phụ huynh thường thích khoe khoang về thành tích của con cái họ
4. bush fir e (n): cháy rừng
Example: Many animals are fleeing the bushfires in Australia.
Rất nhiều động vật đang chạy trốn khỏi cái bụi cháy rừng ở Úc.
5. to rage on (phrsal verb): xảy ra một cách bạo liệt Example: The argument rages
on (= continues strongly ).
Cuộc cãi nhau xảy ra một cách bạo liệt.
6. in a row (phrase): liên tiếp
Example: She's bee n voted Best Actress three years in a row .
Cô ấy thắng giải Diễn viên nữ xuất sắc nhất trong 3 năm liên tiếp.
7. war -torn (adj): xé toạc bởi chiến tranh
Example: It is a long -term task to rebuild the infrastructure of a wartorn country
such as Angola.
Việc xây dựng lại cơ sở hạ tầng cho một quốc gia bị xé toạc bởi chinh chiến như
Angola là một nhiệm vụ lâu dài. ?

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20. Describe the article on health you read on m agazine or the Internet
You should say:
• What it was
• Where you read it
• Why you read it
• And how you felt about it
(What it was) Health is emerging as one of the most popular topics of magazines and
newspapers today. Articles on health have been all the rage these days, one of the most
prominent ones was an extract of a book on the use of tretinoin in treating skin problems.
(Whe re you read it) I stumbled on this article on Facebook. =’m a member of a group
which reviews beauty and cosmetics. Someone, who appeared to be a dermatologist,
shared this article. It was such a coincidence that I was also on medication using tretinoin
to treat acne.
(Why you read it) Thus, I decided to spend a whole day off reading this article and finding
other articles about tretinoin so as to check the authenticity of the article. I wanted to
read this article because I heard that this substance was a double -edged sword because
if you use it in a correct way, it’ll deliver better -than -expected results. If you fail to use it
properly, you’ll likely end up having burnt and flaky skin.
(And how you felt about it) I believe that this article changed my life as it transformed
my acne -prone skin into healthier skin. Also, it also helped to me set aside a large amount
of money spent on night skincare products as =’m not supposed to use any other products
when using tretinoin to maximise the strength of it.
Vocabulary from health :
1. To be on medication (phrase): đang uống thuốc
Example: He is currently on/taking medication for his heart .

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:iện nay thì anh ấ y đang uống thuốc chữa bệnh tim.
Other vocabulary:
1. To be all the rage (idiom): rất phổ biến
Example: In China , Mercedes -Benz cars are all the rage among the moneyed elite .
Ở Trung Quốc, xe Mercedes -Benz rất phổ biến ở giới thượng lưu nhiều tiền.
2. To stumble across/on (phrase): vô tình thấy cái gì đó.
Example: Look at what I stumbled across/on at the flea market !
:ãy nhìn coi mình thấy cá i gì ở ngoài chợ trời nè!
3. Coincidence (n): sự trùng hợp
Example: You chose exactly the same wallpaper as us - what a coincidence !
Bạn có cái tấm dán tường y chang chúng tôi – thực sự là một sự trùng hợp!
4. Double -edged (adj): hai mặt
Example: The government's programme to grow cash crops for export is a
doubleedged sword because it has created a local food shortage .
Chương trình chính phủ trồng các sản phẩm nông nghiệp để xuất khẩu là một con
dao hai lưỡi/hai mặt vì nó tạo ra sự thiếu hụt thực phẩm trnog nước.
5. To set aside (phrasal verb): dành
Example: He sets aside some time every day to read to his children .
Anh ấy dành một số thời gian mỗi ngày để đọc sách cho con. Part
3
1. What can governments do to improve people's health?
=t is common knowledge that governments play an integral role in people’s health,
because they can formulate essential policies that a re beneficial for the well -being

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of their citizens. For example, food should be subject to scrutiny so as to ensure
safety for consumption. Also, heavy fines should be imposed on companies that
dump chemical waste into water bodies.
2. What activities can s chool organize for children to keep fit?
There are a wide range of activities school can organise. For example, Singapore’s
education system requires every student to participate in at least one sport as a
requirement for graduation. Also, on a smaller s cale, classes can organise
teambuilding activities so as to improve the physical health of their members.
3. How can you tell whether a website is reliable or not?
The reliability of websites has sparked many boisterous debates for years. To the
best of my experience, a website is reliable if it is recognised by the government,
such as Dân Trí, Tuổi Trẻ, CNN or the Straits Times. Also, a simpler way to check the
reliability of a website is its ability to use a language, in terms of grammar,
coherence and coh esion, lexical resource.
4. Do you think people are healthier now than in the past?
I believe people are healthier now in the past in the sense that life expectancy of
people is longer than ever. Also, this can be attributed to the advances and
breakthrou ghs witnessed in the medical field.
Vocabulary:
1. To formulate a policy (phrase): tạo ra một chính sách
Example: The Administration said it was formulating a new
policy for the Middle East .
Chính quyền cho biết họ đang xây dựng một chính sách mới cho Trung Đông.
2. Scrutiny (n): sự xem xét/kiểm tra kĩ lưỡng
Example: The government's record will be subjected to/come under

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(close ) scrutiny in the weeks before the election .
:ồ sơ chính phủ sẽ phải chịu sự kiểm tra chặt chẽ trong vài tuần trước cuộc bầu cử.
3. To du mp (v): trút/đổ xuống
Example: He came in with four shopping bags and dumped them on the table .
Anh ta vào nhà với bốn túi mua sắm và trút xuống trên cái bàn.
4. Boisterous (adj): ồn ào/không kiểm soát Example: The audience burst into
boisterous laughter .
Khán giả bật cười một cách ồn ào/không kiểm soát.
5. in a sense that …: ở khía cạnh là …
Example: It's voluntary in the sense that the government will not require anyone to
take the test
Đây là một bài kiểm tra tùy ý, ở khía cạnh là chính phủ không bắt buộc ai phải làm
nó.
6. To be attributed to something (phrase): được gây ra bởi cái gì Example: :er
success can be attributed to three main factors .
Sự thành công của cô ấy được gây ra bởi ba yếu tố chính.
21. Describe a piece of important news you got through a text message
You should say:
• What it was
• When you got it
• Who you got it from
• And how you felt about it

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(What it was) I believe that everyone must have received news via a text message
at some point in their life, =’m not an exception. Several months ago, = applied to
become a part -time essay corrector at an English centre. The application process
was comprised of up to 4 steps. After all the previous steps, the result was displayed
via email. However, the final result from recruitment was informed via text
message, which came as a great surprise to me.
(When you got it) This text message was received some months ago as =’ve said. =t
was on a Friday late afternoon, after I had hopped on a bus departing for my own
hometown from Ho Chi Minh city.
(Who you got it from) Until now, I have no clue exactly who was the person that
sent the text message to me as there was no na me stated in the message. However,
I can guess that it was the TA supervisor that sent the message to me.
(And how you felt about it) Upon receiving the message, I felt over the moon since
I was desperate for money. My trip to Korea cost me an arm and a leg while I also
had to pay tuition fees and cover different living expenditures. Thus, no words could
describe how happy I was when receiving the information that I had been selected
for the job.
Vocabulary:
1. To be comprised of something (phrase): được c ấu thành bởi
Example: The class is comprised mainly of Italian and French students .
Lớp học này được cấ u thành bởi đa số học sinh Ý và Pháp.
2. To come as a surprise to someone (phrase): đến một cách bất ngờ
với ai đó Example: The decision came as a great surprise to us all.
Quyết định này đến một cách bất ngờ với tất cả chúng tôi.

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3. To hop on (phrasal verb): trèo lên / lên xe Example: I hopped on my
bike and took off for the park.
Tôi leo lên xe và chạy đến công viên.
4. To depart for (phrase): khởi hành tới đâu đó Example: When does
your plane depart for San Francisco?
Khi nào thì máy bay c ủa bạn khởi thành đến San Francisco?
5. To have no clue/don’t have a clue (phrase): không biết
Example: Who invented algebra ?" "I don't have a clue ."
“Ai là người đã sáng lập ra số học?” “Tôi không biết”
6. To be/feel over the moon (idiom): rất vui sướng
Example: I've been over the moon ever since I got engaged —
I just can't stop looking at my ring!
Tôi cảm thấy rất vui sướng thì khi đính hôn – Tôi chẳng thể ngừng nhìn vào chiếc
nhẫn.
7. Desperate (adj): khao khát Example: They are
desperate for help .
:ọ khao khát sự giúp đỡ.
8. To cost (someone) an arm and a leg (idiom): tốn rất
nhiều tiền Example: The rep air work cost an arm and a leg .
Công việc sửa chữa tốn rất nhiều tiền.
Part 3
1. Do you think traditional letters are a good way to send messages?

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They remain important in some formal cases. For example, it is essential that a
nationally important announcement has a hard copy other than a soft copy.
However, I do not think that traditional letters are an efficient way to carry out daily
communication as it takes a very long amount of time for snail mails to be delivered.
2. Why do people make phone calls instead of sending messages when there is
something important?
Personally, this question sometimes leaves me scratching my head . But to the best
of my experience, I can say that phone calls give one a chance to offer infor mation
to receivers, so that information can be understood easily. Meanwhile, people
usually get confused when they have to text many messages.
3. Are phone calls more polite than text messages?
I do not think so. They are equally polite. The difference is that they are used in
different circumstances, depending on the amount of information that needs to be
delivered. For example, short bursts of information can be sent via text messages,
but large amounts of information need delivering by phone calls.
4. Does technological development have a negative impact on communication among
people?
It depends. If people are able to make proper use of technology without abusing it,
it will be beneficial for people’s communication. By contrast, an over -reliance on
te chnology may be detrimental to people’s face to face communication skills.
Vocabulary:
1. Carry out (phrasal verb): thực hiện
Example: Our soldiers carried out a successful attack last night .
Quân đội của chúng đôi đã thực hiện một cuộc tấn công thành công tối qua.
2. Snail mail (n): thư gửi tay qua bưu điện

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Example: We agreed the deal online , but we'll have to wait for snail mail to get the
paperwork .
Chúng tôi đã thỏa thuận được online, nhưng phải chờ thư gửi qua bưu điện để có
giấy tờ.
3. To scratch someone’s head (phrase): suy nghĩ rất nhiều
Example: A lot of people must be scratching their heads about which way to vote .
Rất nhiều người phải suy nghĩ rất nhiều về cách bỏ phiếu.
4. To make use of something (phrase): sử dụng cái gì đó
Example: We might as well make use of the hotel's facilities .
Chúng tôi cũng có thể sử dụng các tiện nghi của khách sạn.
5. Over -reliance on sth (phrase): sự quá phụ thuộc vào cái gì đó Example: The
region's over -reliance on tourism is unwise .
Sự phụ thuộc quá nhiều vào du lịch của vùng này là không khôn ngoan.
6. Detrimental to something (phrase): có hại với cái gì đó
Example: Their decision could be detrimental to the future of the company .
Quyết định của họ có thể gây bất lợi cho tương lai của công ty.

22. Describe a time when you helped someone
You should say:
• Where you helped him or her
• Why you helped
• How you helped
• And how you felt about it

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(Where you helped him or her) Ignoring someone who is in need of help is
considered as the height of bad manners , I believe. Therefore, I try to give others a
hand whenever I can. Helping my classmate to improve his English proficiency has
been one of the most successful and meaningfu l achievements =’ve ever had in my
life. My classmate, John, struggled with every single English test due to his low level
of language command . =t can be said that Hohn’s exposure to English was too little
for him to have the chance to practice his skills, the reason for which was probably
his financial background. I was assigned to take the responsibility of tutoring him
by the teacher. I usually helped John in cafés. However, sometimes we also went to
the parks where there were foreigners for him to pract ice with.
(Why you helped them) = love helping others. That’s the first reason. Another
reason is that English has been of great significance to me, so I believe that if John
can develop a strong command of English, he will open up a new chapter in his l ife.
(How you helped them) John and I went to a café each weekend in order to review
all the knowledge acquired during the whole week. John offered to treat me but as
I could recognise his suffering from hardship, we reached a consensus on this and
agree d that we would take turns to treat each other. During week days, we would
go to the park in which an immense number of foreigners jogged so that John could
have the chance to practice his listening and speaking skills, as well as expand his
vocabulary . At weekends, as aforementioned, we would review the phrases he had
learned throughout the whole week so that they would be imprinted on his
memory clearly and always be ready for use.
(And explain how you felt about it) And finally, my belief has turned ou t to be true,
at least in the case of John. He emerged as one of the best performers in class. Also,
he was able to get a job in this field, which ensured his quality of life and improved
his living standards as he was able to feed himself at the age of 17 . Hohn’s

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considerable success made me feel more than just happy and proud. This is indeed
one of the few things in which I take pride.
Vocabulary from education :
1. Command (n): một lượng kiến thức về môn học/ngôn ngữ Example: She has an
impressive command of the English language .
2. Expand sb’s vocabulary (phrase): mở rộng vốn từ.
Example: Reading books plays a pivotal role in expanding your vocabulary .
Đọc sách đóng vai trò quan trọng trong việc mở rộng vốn từ.
Vocabulary:
3. The height of something (phrase): đỉnh cao của cái gì đó.
Example: She was at the height of her career when they met .
Cô ấy đang trên đỉnh cao c ủa sự nghiệp khi họ gặp nhau.
Cô ấy có lượng kiến thức Anh ngữ tuyệt vời.
4. Assign (v): ra nhiệm vụ
Example: UN troops were assigned the task of rebuilding the hospital .
Quân đội của Liên :ợp Quốc được ra nhiệm vụ là xây lại bệnh viện.
5. Reach a consensus on sth (phrase): thỏa thuận được về cái gì đó.
Example: Could we reach a consensus o n this matter ? Let's take a vote .
Liệu chúng ta có thể thỏa thuận chung được về vấn đề này không? :ãy bầu chọn đi.
6. Take turns (phrase): theo lượt
Example: The mothers in our group take turns driving the children to school .
Những người mẹ trong nhóm chúng tôi theo lượt chở tụi nhỏ đ ến trường.

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7. Imprint (phrase): ghi vào.
Example: That look of grief would be imprinted on her mind forev er .
Cái nhìn đầy giận giữ đó sẽ bị ghi vào trí nhớ của cô ấy mãi mãi.
8. Turn out (phrase): thành ra
Example: The truth tu rned out to be stranger than we had expected .
Sự thật thành ra lạ hơn so với những gì chúng tôi dự đoán.
9. Feed oneself (phrase) : nuôi sống ai đó
Example: Earning 10.000 dollars per month, he is able to feed himself and his whole
family.
Với 10.000 kiếm được mỗi tháng, anh ấy có khả năng nuôi sống chính mình và cả
gia đình.
Part 3
1. Should parents help their kids in their homework?
It is essential that parents help their children with homework that is within their
capabilities instead of sending them to tuition classes. This can act as an incentive
for children to study independently instead of relying too much on their teachers,
thus sharpening their self -studying skills.
2. What kind of advice should parents give their children?
Parents should give their children advice on how to learn things by heart effectively
and tell them to not to skip class so as not to fall behind with their studies.
Moreover, if possible, parents should help their children answer questions that are
beyond their children’s capabilities.
3. Should parents give children advice? Why?

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Definitely yes, parents s hould give their children advice without losing their temper .
= believe that parents’ advice, if given in a correct way, will be instrumental in
transforming them into useful members of society and keep social evils off.
4. Can kids provide any help to parents?
Yes of course. They can share household chores with their parents. Also, children
can assist their parents with groceries when their parents are too busy with their
work.
Vocabulary from education :
1. To learn by he art (phrase): học thuộc lòng
Example: My father can still recite the poems he learned by heart at school .
Bố tô i vẫn có thể đọc lại các bài thơ mà ông ấy học thuộc lòng ở trường
2. Skip class (phrase): cúp tiết
Example: I skipped class and went to the park instead .
Tôi cúp tiết và thay vào đó đi đến công viên.
3. Fall behind with studies (phrase): học tuột dốc
Example: He was ill for six weeks and fell behind with his studies .
Anh ấy bị ốm 6 tuần và học bị thụt lại với tiến độ trên trường.
Other vocabulary:
1. Keep something off (phrase): tránh cái gì đó
Example: Wear a hat to keep the sun off
Đội mũ để tránh ánh nắng.
2. Household chores (phrase): chia sẻ việc nhà
Example: By the time he’d finished all the household chores it was mid -afternoon.
Vào lúc anh ấy xong hết việc nhà, trời đã giữa trưa.

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3. Lose temper (phrase): mất bình tĩnh
Example: The children behaved so badly that I lost my temper .
Những đứa trẻ quá quậy đến nỗi tôi mất bình tĩnh.
23. Describe someone in your family who you like
You should s ay:
• How this person is related to you
• What this person looks like
• What kind of person he/she is
• And explain why you like this person
(How this person is related to you) Now I would like to describe a family member to
whom =’m closest. She’s my younger sister. Albeit 10 years younger than me, she is the
one that gets along with me best.
(What this person looks like) My family members all have a diminutive frame . My
youn ger sister is not an exception. She’s only around 1m4 although she has turned 10
years old. She has a lovely complexion and she’s always well -turned out whenever she
goes to church or school. She bears a striking resemblance to my mother, who is pretty
min dful of appearance.
(What kind of person he/she is) From my description of her appearance and how she
cares about her appearance, you can already guess she is good company, like me, as she
tries to socialise with her peers at school and church a lot. The number of friends she
invited to her birthday party came as a huge surprise to me. She is definitely not a kind
of person that would hide her light under a bushel , neither is everyone else in my family.
She’s a bit too confident with her academic achievements to be honest. But = believe that
those aforementioned personal traits of hers really suit mine. That’s probably the reason
why I get along quite well with her.

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(And explain why you like this person ) I somehow really enjoy talking to my sister
because she knows what = like and vice versa. Also, she’s willing to be all ears listening to
my complaints about schoolwork and life. I really owe her a great gratitude for listening
to me whenever =’m down in the dumps and always being there for me to count on .
Vocabulary from physical appearance :
1. Diminutive frame (phrase): dang người nhỏ nhắn
Example: Although Jackie has a diminutive frame , he defeated the World No 1 in his
latest boxing battle.
Mặc dù Hackie có dáng người nhỏ nhắn, anh ấy đã hạ gục tay đấm số 1 thế giới trong trận
đấu gần nhất.
2. To be well -turned out (phrase): trông thông minh
Example: She’s always well -turned out .
Cô ấy trông khá thông minh.
3. To bear a striking resemblance to someone (phrase): trông rất giống ai đó
Example: She bears a striking resemblance to her mother.
Cô ta trông rất giống mẹ mình.
Vocabulary from personality :
1. To hide your light under a bushel (phrase): giấu tài năng
Example: Don't be tempted to hide your light under a bushel for fear of upsetting other
people.
Đừng cố giấu tài năng của bạn chỉ vì sợ nó sẽ làm người khác buồn.
2. Get along with someone (phrasal verb): hòa hợp được với ai đó = don't
really get along with my sister's husband .

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Tôi thực s ự không thể hòa hợp được với anh rể của mình.
Other vocabulary
1. Be all ears (adj): tập trung lắng nghe
Example: I'm all ears - tell us what they had to say.
Tôi đang rất tập trung lắng nghe – kể cho chúng tôi nghe những gì họ phải nói đi.
2. To count on sb (phrasal verb): dựa vào/tin tưởng vào ai đó Example: You
can always count on Michael in a crisis .
Bạn luôn có thể tin tưởng vào Michael trong một cuộc khủng hoảng
24. Describe a team where you were a m ember
You should say:
• What it was like
• Why you joined it
• What you did in it
• And how you felt about it
(What it was like ) Today, I would like to talk about a team in which I found a lot of
happiness. Several months ago, I had a chance to participate in a project called
TOOP, which stood for Temasek Overseas Outreach Programme. The team included
more than 30 students from Te masek Junior College, along with their teachers and
4 other Vietnamese volunteers including me. We were divided into 4 groups and
took different responsibilities in rotation .
(Why you joined it) I made a snap decision just minutes before the application
deadline. I was reluctant to apply to volunteer because I heard that from my friend
that his team had been bouncing off the walls waiting for the first day of work.
However, as the programme intensified, some students showed signs of exhaustion.

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Neverthele ss, my friend also said they were pretty much responsible as albeit
exhausted, they never swerved an inch from their duty . So, after being called for
an interview and offered the voluntary position, I decided to participate in the
programme to enrich my ex perience, learn from Singaporean students and expand
my social circle.
(What you did in it) During the programme, I delivered lessons for the first time as
well as worked with my hands on a construction site. I was chosen as one of the
Vietnamese volunteers in charge of interpreting as well as helping the Singaporean
students prepare their lessons prior to class. The programme lasted from 25 th
November to 5 th December.
(And explain how you felt about it) This was the first time I had j oined in such an
outreach activity. What turned out was far beyond what I expected. Everyone in my
team was so outgoing and hardworking, especially my teammates. I also had so
much job satisfaction from the manual work , although the working conditions
were not so favourable. Until now, I have been in touch with those students and
had quite a few reunions with them when I go to Singapore or when they go to
Vietnam.
Vocabulary from work :
1. To be called for an interview (phrase): được mời phỏng vấn
Example : She was very highly qualified , thus that she was called for an interview
came as no surprise for everyone.
Cô ấy rất xuất sắc, vì thế, việc cô ấy được mời phỏng vấn không phải là một điều bất
ngờ cho mọi người.
2. To work with your hands (phrase): làm việc chân tay
Example: Are you ready to find a job that pays you to work with your hands ?

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Bạn có sẵn sàng làm một việc trả tiền bạn để làm việc chân tay?
3. Manual work (noun): việc chân tay
Example: He had no qualifications and ended up doin g various types of
manual work .
Anh ấy không có bằng cấp và cuối cùng đã làm nhiều loại công việc thủ công khác
nhau.
4. Job satisfaction (n): sự hài lòng với công việc
Example: For me, job satisfaction is more important than the money .
Đối với tôi, sự hài long với công việc quan trọng hơn tiền bạc.
5. Working conditions (n): điều kiện làm việc Example: Working conditions here
are primitive .
Điều kiện làm việc ở đây còn sơ sài.
Other vocabulary:
1. Deliver a lesson (phrase): giảng bài
You should pay attention to the teacher when she delivers the lesson .
Bạn cần phải tập trung mỗi khi cô giảng bài.
2. In rotation (phrase): theo lượt
There are ten employees and they do the various jobs in rotation .
Có mười nhân viên, và họ sẽ làm các công việc các nhau theo lượt.
3. Bounce off the walls (idiom): rất hăng hái
Danny can't wait to start his new job. He's bouncing off the walls.
Danny không thể chờ đợi được nữa. Anh ấy thực sự rất hăng hái bắt đầu c ông việc
mới.

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4. Swerve an inch from sb’s duty (phrase): bỏ qua nhiệm vụ
They work really hard and seem not to swerve an inch from their duty.
:ọ làm việc rất chăm chỉ và dường như không bao giờ bỏ qua nhiệm vụ của mình.
Part 3
1. Which one do you think is more important: individual development or team goals?
I believe that individual development is the more important factor here. A team
could not reach its goals without excellent individuals who have valued
characteristics and ski lls such as leadership and cooperation. It is individuals that
make contributions towards a goal. Thus, individual development is a prerequisite
for team goals.
2. Do you think it is a good thing to have disagreements within a team?
It depends. Disagreemen ts may lead people to nowhere if they are unable to reach
a consensus on the matter. However, disagreements happen as a result of the
difference in people’s different perspectives. Thus, each party, after viewing
disagreements carefully, can learn from eac h other so as to improve their own
opinions and ideas, which helps to minimise such risks in their projects or ideas.
3. Do you think it is good for kids to join a team?
Kids should not be allowed to join a team with adults because of the apparent gap
in their understanding and adults’. :owever, participating in a team with their peers
to carry out a project may be highly beneficial for kids.
4. How to become a good member of a team in the workplace?
The answer is pretty much easier than what people think. =t’s cooperation. Without
cooperation, even if individuals are outstanding and have a profound knowledge, a
team can hardly succeed. A good member is someone who is able to cooperate with

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others to carry out work efficiently, bend over backwards to help t hem with mutual
work and put the team’s goals first .
Vocabulary from work :
1. Cooperate (v): hợp tác
Example: The two companies have cooperated in joint ventures for the p ast several
years .
Hai công ty đã hợp tác trong liên doanh trong 2 năm qua.
2. Bend over backwards (phrase): cố gắng giúp đỡ người khác
Example: I've been bending over backwards trying to help you, and this is all the
thanks I get!
Tôi đã cố gắng giúp đỡ bạn rất nhiều, và đây là tất cả những gì bạn có thể đền đáp
tôi sao.
3. Put sth first (phrase): đặt cái gì đó trên hết
Example: She all too often puts others first and never stops to think of herself.
Cô ấy luôn đặt người khác trên hết và không bao giờ dừng lại để nghĩ về bản thân
mình.
Other vocabulary:
1. To make a contribution towards sth (phrase): đóng góp
Example: He made a substantial contribution to the building fund .
Ông ta đã đóng góp đáng kể cho quỹ xây dựng.
2. Prerequisite (n): điều kiện tiên quyế t
Example: Public support is a prerequisite for/to the success of this project .

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Sự ủng hộ của công chúng là một điều kiện tiên quyết cho sự thành công của dự án
này.
4. To reach a consensus on something (phrase): đạt sự đồng thuận.
Example: Could we reach a consensus on this matter ? Let's take a vote .
Liệu chúng ta có thể đạt một sự thỏa thuận về vấn đề này không? :ãy bỏ phiếu đi.
25. Describe a new skill you learned that you think is important

You should say:
What it is
Whether it is difficult or not
How you learned it
And explain why you think it is important
(What it is)
=’d like to talk about some useful skills, one of which is critical thinking, = acquired
when learning Maths at school. As you know, cri tical thinking skills play a pivotal
role in life and fortunately, I had the chance to acquire such a skill. Except for critical
thinking skills, I believe that my calculation speed also improved lot.
(Whether it is difficult or not)
Honestly speaking, it was not difficult in the sense that my critical thinking abilities
developed in the most natural way tpeople can imagine. I did not notice any change
from within but my teachers, who monitored my progress , told me that my critical
thinking skills had be en sharpened significantly along the way from grade 10 to
grade 12.
(How you learned it)
It is common knowledge that Maths problems require students to find the right, but
also the shortest way to solve them. During such a process, the ability to think

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logically was developed. Apart from solving problems, I also had to work with lots
of number s as well as equations. Gradually, the ability to calculate of mine became
better and now, I can make a simple calculation in the blink of an eye.
(Why you think it is important)
I consider these skills vitally important because in studies, work and ev en daily life,
critical thinking helps me to think logically and solve problems effectively. Also, with
quick calculating skills, I am able to work well with numbers and gin up work
productivity. In conclusion, these skills are not only applicable to the a cademic
world but also everyday tasks such as communicating with others and solving
problems.
1. critical thinking (n): tư duy phản biện
Example: Biased thinking can emerge from a lack of critical thinking .
Tư duy một chiều có thể nổi lên khi chúng ta thi ếu tư duy phản biện.
2. to play a pivotal / vitally important role (phrase): đóng vai trò quan trọng
Example: The government plays a pivotal / vitally important role in the
development of the country.
Chính phủ đóng vai trò rất quan trọng trong việc phát triển đất nước.
3. to acquire/pick up such a skill (phrase): học được một kĩ năng
Example: He picked up a critical thinking skill during his participation in researches.
Anh ấy học được kĩ năng phản biện khi tham gia vào cuộc nghiên cứu.
4. make a calculation (phrase): đếm
Example: I am learning to make quick calculations .
Tôi đang học đếm nhanh
5. to monitor progress (phrase): theo dõi tiến độ

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Different measurements sh ould be deployed to monitor economic progress .
6. along the way (phrase): theo thời gian (nghĩa bóng)
Example:I've been in this job for 30 years, and I've picked up a good deal of expertise
along the way .
Tôi làm công việc này 30 năm rồi, và tôi đã có một lượng chuyên môn kha khá theo
thời gian.
7. to gin up (phrase): tăng
Example: The firm is making great efforts to gin up their work productivity.
Công ty sẽ làm bất cứ điều gì để tăng năng suất lao động.
8. applicable to (phrase): có thể áp dụng
Example: English is the only subject which is directly applicable to real life.
Tiếng Anh là môn học duy nhất có thể áp dụng trực tiếp vào đời sống thường ngày.
Part 3
1. What skills are important for the success of business?
Having tried my hands at different fields , I believe that critical thinking and
creativity are of the gre atest significance to the success of any business in any field.
Without people that have critical thinking and creativity skills, businesses can be
easily left behind by their rivals in an increasingly competitive market. 2. What is
the difference between required skills in the past and those at present?
There are some clear differences between skills that were needed in the past and
those at the present in the sense that skills needed in present days are more
technology -related since the world is usheri ng in the 4.0 industrial revolution while
skills needed in the past were related to the ability to memorise information and
solve basic maths.

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1. What kinds of skills should successful people have?
Successful people should master their financial management skills while not ceasing
to work on their IT skills. No one in this technology -driven world will become, or
remain, prevailing if they do not have the ability to operate technologies.
2. Do you think teamwork and communicative skills are important? Why?
Teamwork skills apparently play one of the most integral roles in bringing success
to a company apart from creativity as well as critical thinking. However, to increase
teamwork productivity, communication skills are needed to create a harmonious
atmosphe re in a group when it comes to discussion.
1, to try your hand at something (phrase): thử tay với cái gì đó Example:
=’ve always wanted to try my hand at writing a novel .
Tôi luôn muốn thử tay với việc viết một cuốn tiểu thuyết
2, to be of significance for/to something (phrase): có ý nghĩa rất quan trọng với cái
gì đó
Example: The discovery of the new drug is of great significanc e for/to people
suffering from heart problems .
Việc tìm ra được loại thuốc mới có ý nghĩa rất quan trọng với những người đang
mắc phải bệnh tim.
3, in a sense that …: ở khía cạnh là …
Example: It's voluntary in the sense that the government will not require anyone to
take the test
Đây là một bài kiểm tra tùy ý, ở khía cạnh là chính phủ không bắt buộc ai phải làm nó.
4, to usher sth in (phrasal verb): bắt đầu
Example: These changes could usher in a period of dramatic economic growth .

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Những thay đổi này có thể bắt đầu một kì phát triển kinh tế mạnh.
5, to cease (v): dừng lại
Example: The company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year .
Công ty này đã quyết định sẽ dừng lại việc hoạt động ở UK sau năm nay
6, harmonious (adj): hòa thuận
Example: harmonious relations between the country's ethnic groups
Mối quan hệ hòa thuận giữa các dân tộc trong quốc gia.

26. Desc ribe a uniform (in school or company) you wear
You should say:
• When you usually wear it
• Who bought it for you
• What it is like
• And how you feel about it
(When you usually wear it) Majoring in tourism, I have to always keep in mind that
I should appear debonair in chic yet formal outfits whenever I go to school. My
faculty requires us to wear uniform on Monday sessions. Like most young people, I
am a bit of a slave to fashion and =’d always have to buy that must -have uniform.
(who bought it for you) As it was the clas s uniform, one representative from the
class – the monitor - was in charge of contacting the company to place an order . As
it was a uniform -oriented company, the clothes there were off the peg . So, the fact
that our clothes reached us only after one week o f registration came as no surprise
at all.

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(what it is like) The uniform requires students to wear a white ironed shirt along
with black trousers as well as black or brown leather shoes. Anyone who failed to
comply with the dress code would be denied adm ission to Monday lectures.
(and how you feel about it) Albeit awkward, the uniform makes me look a lot more
mature. Since = had the uniform, =’ve decided to revamp my image, first by wearing
formal clothes to school more often, next by avoiding wearing s horts to school. The
change has come as a surprise to a great number of people, especially to those who
have not seen me for ages. Because of this, I owe my faculty a debt of gratitude for
giving me the incentive to look better and to be more professional.
Vocabulary from clothes/fashion :
1. Chic (adj): hợp thời trang.
Example: I like your haircut - it's very chic .
Tôi rất thích kiểu tóc của bạn, nó rất hợp thời trang.
2. To put on (phrase): mặc quần áo.
Example: He put on his jacket .
Anh ấy mặc cái áo khoác.
3. Dress code (n): quy định về trang phục
Example: Most evenings there's a party and the dress code is strict - black tie only.
:ầu hết các buổi tối đều có một bữa t iệc, và quy định về trang phục rất nghiêm ngặt
– chỉ được mang cà vạt đen.
4. Off the peg (phrase): đồ may sẵn
Example: You can find really stylish clothes off the peg , if you look hard enough.
Bạn sẽ tìm được đồ may sẵn rất stylish nếu bạn chịu khó tìm một xíu.
5. A slave to fashion (phrase): nô lệ của thời trang

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Example:
Jeremy is a total slave to fashion . He can't leave the house without making sure ev
ery part of his outfit matches perfectly.
Heremy thực sự là một nô lệ của thời trang. Anh ấy không thể rời nhà mà không chắc
chắn rằng mọi thứ trên trang phục của anh khớp với nhau.
Other vocabulary:
1. To keep something in mind (phrase): luôn luôn nhớ rằng.
Of course , repair work is expensive and you have to keep that in mind .
Đương nhiên, việc sửa chữa rất tốn kém và bạn luôn luôn phải biết điều đó.
2. Debonair (adj): sang trọng, quý phái. a debonair young m an một người đàn
ông trẻ và sang trọng.
3. To place an order (phrase): đặt hàng
Example:
We placed an order nearly an hour ago, but we still haven't gotten anything to eat.
Chúng tôi đã đặt hàng từ gần một tiếng rồi mà chưa có gì ăn hết.
4. To comply (v): tuân theo.
There are serious penalties for failure to comply with the regulations .
Sẽ có hình phạt nghiêm khắc cho những trường hợp không tuân theo quy định.
5. To reva mp (v): thay đổi (vì cái tốt hơn)
We revamped the management system , but the business is doing no better than it
was befor e.
Chúng tôi đã thay đổi hệ thống quản lý, nhưng công việc dường như cũng không
tiến triển tốt hơn trước.

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6. To come as a/no surprise (idiom): gây bất ngờ/không gây bớt ngờ.
If you didn't study for that test at all, your failing grade should come as no su rprise
.
Nếu bạn không học bài, thì việc thi rớt sẽ không bất ngờ xíu nào.
7. To owe someone a debt of gratitude (idiom): nợ một ân huệ.
We owe you a debt of gratitude for all you have done for us.
Chúng tôi nợ bạn một ân huệ vì những gì bạn đã làm cho chúng tôi. Part
3
1. Why should students wear school uniforms?
To be honest, there are many reasons why students should wear uniforms. Firstly,
this is a way to blur the disparity between children from well -off families and those
from underprivileged ones, promoting equality in education. Also, school uniforms
instill pride, unity and school vanity . Uniforms give a sense of belonging, and a code
of conduct is imposed on the students.
2. On what occasion should people wear uniforms?
People should wear uniforms at school and work. However, I believe that on some
special occasions, such as a marathon, participants should be required to wear the
organizer’s running t -shirt.
3. Should companies ask for employees' opinions about the design of uniforms? Yes,
definitely. It is the employees that wear the uniform. Thus, it is a wise decision to ask
for their opinions about the design of the uniform. This makes sure that they’re
always well -dressed and take pride in their contributions towards the design of the
uniform. Also, some employees may have an eye for fashion and come up with an
eye -catching design.
4. Can people tell a person's personality by his/her clothes?

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Yes, one can tell a person’s personality by their clothes. For example, if that person
wears hand -me -downs most of the time, he will be probably someone who is
tigh tfisted . Meanwhile, a person who finds it more important to “wear to live” than
to “live to wear” may be mindful of their expenditure.
Vocabulary from clothes/fashion:
1. Well -dressed (adj): mặc đồ đẹp
Example: Caricaturists and satirists appealed to their patrons, mocking the stylish
servant, the well -dressed sailor, the respectable shopkeeper.
Những người làm tranh biếm họa và những người châm biếm đã lôi cuốn khách
quen của họ, chế giễu người hầu sàn h điệu, thủy thủ ăn mặc bảnh bao, người bán
hàng đáng kính.
2. To have an eye for sth (phrase): giỏi thấy cái gì đó Example: She has an
eye for detail .
Cô ấy rất giỏi thấy những tiểu tiết.
3. Eye -catching (adj): bắt mắt Example: an eye -catching poster
Một cái poster rất bắt mắt.
4. Tight -fisted (adj): keo
Example: Don't wait for Gillian to buy you a drink - she's too tight -fisted .
Đừng bao giờ đợi Gillian mua cho bạn một ly nước – cô ta keo lắm
27. Describe an experience when you travelled by public transport

You should say:
• Where you went
• What means of transportation you took

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• Who you were with
• And explain how you felt about the trip
(where you went) I am going to talk about the time that I commuted by public
transportation in Singapore for the first time, which took place 2 years ago. It is
common knowledge that Singapore is famous for its wide coverage of public
transportation including bus and rail way systems which help both tlocal and foreign
visitors travel around the city -state with ease .
(What means of transport you took) Apart from that, as a result of the
government’s policy which imposes a limit on the number of vehicles on the road,
a taxi did not seem affordable for those travelling on a budget like me. I was left
with no choice but to board an MRT train to get to the city centre, which was the
fastest and most convenient way, albeit not the most economical .
(Who you were with) I commut ed with my father, who went to Singapore for a
regular checkup at Raffles Hospital, which is one of the most famous healthcare
hospitals in the whole of Asia. He was also quite excited about his first time using
the metro.
(And explain how you felt about the trip) I was not a frequent public transport
commuter at that time, therefore, I thought that the MRT would travel at a snail’s
pace and it would take ages to arrive in downtown. Also, as it was the first time that
I had used the metro, I dreaded to th ink that I would board the wrong train and get
lost. But the fact that I only had to change the train once and that it only took 30
minutes to get to downtown really came as a surprise . Instructions were so clear
that I did not even rely on anybody to help me.
1. With ease (phrase): một cách dễ dàng.
Example: She defeated her opponent with ease .
Cô ấy đánh bại đối thủ một cách dễ dàng.

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2. On a budget (phrase): không có nhiều tiền
Example: Mortgage advisers urge anyone on a tight budget to choose a fixed
rate so they know they can afford the repayments .
Những người cho vay thế chấp thúc giục bất cứ ai không có nhiều tiền chọn một lãi
suất nhất định để họ biết là họ có thể trả lại số nhiều đã vay và lãi.
3. Economical (adj): t iết kiệm.
Example: There's increasing demand for cars that are more economical on fuel .
Nhu cầu cho xe hơi tiết kiệm nhiên liệu ngày càng tăng.
4. At a snail’s pace (idiom): rất chậm.
Example: The roads were full of traffic and we were travelling at a snail's pace for
two hours .
Những con đường bị kẹt cứng và chúng tôi phải di chuyển rất chậm trong vòng 2
giờ.
5. To dread (v): sợ hãi.
Example: I dread to think what would happen if he was left to cope on his own.
Tôi rất sợ hãi phải nghĩ chuyện gì sẽ xảy ra nếu anh ấy phải giải quyết 1 mình.
6. To come as a/no surprise (phrase): đến 1 cách (không) bất ngờ.
Example:
If you didn't study for that test at all, your failing grade should come as no surprise
.
Nếu bạn không học hành đàng hoàng thì việc nhận điểm kém là không bất ngờ xíu
nào.
Part 3
1. Why more and more people prefer to travel by plane?

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An increasing number of people, especially those in countries without an efficient
railway network, are swit ching to plane because it is much faster and more
affordable. Many budget airlines have been born, giving more people opportunities
to fly. Some travel agents may even have their own charter -flights nowadays.
2. Which means of transport are available in you r country?
My country has long been notorious for its chaotic streets packed with motorbikes.
Also, car ownership is increasing pretty fast. Meanwhile, public transportation has
not witnessed much progress as the whole country is still relying on our 60 -yearold
railw ay network and struggling to finish its first metro systems in Hanoi and Ho Chi
Minh city.
3. How expensive is transportation in your country?
= would say it’s pretty affordable compared to our neighbours. Car tariffs have been
reduced to 0%, which acts as an incentive for people to buy cars. In terms of public
transportation, one bus journey, irrespective of distance, only costs 7.000 VND.
4. What may be the difficulties in using public transportation in your country?
I would say that the quality of facilities remains low in the whole of the public
transportation system. Also, the quality of service is also low. For example, public
transportation does not support disabled individuals and bus drivers are, most of
the time, quite rude and condescending to passengers.
Vocabulary from transportation :
1. Budget airline (n): hãng bay giá rẻ Example: Vietjet Air is a budget airline .
Vietjet Air là một hãng hàng không giá rẻ.
2. Travel agent : đại lý du lịch
Example: We asked the travel agent if any discount fares were still available .
Chúng tôi hỏi đại lý liệu là có còn vé khuyến mãi không.

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3. Charter flight : chuyến bay thuê
Example: A charter flight a flight by an aircraft chartered for a specific trip, not part
of an airline's regular schedule.
Chuyến bay thuê là một chuyến bay của một chiếc máy bay được thuê cho một
chuyến đi cụ thể, không phải là một phần của lịch trình thường xuyên của một hãng
hàng không.
4. Railway network : mạng lưới đường sắt
Example:
The government has announced an ambitious programme to modernize the railway
network .
Chính phủ đã công bố một chương trình đầy tham vọng để hiện đại hóa mạng lưới
đường sắt
5. Metro system : hệ thống đường sắt đô thị
Example: Singapore has the most advanced metro system in Southeast Asia.
Singapore có hệ thống đường sắt đô thị tiên tiến n hất trong Đông Nam Á.
Other vocabulary:
1. Condescending (adj): coi thường
Example: I hate the way he's so condescending to his staff !
Tôi ghét cái cách mà anh ấy coi thường nhân viên mình!
28. Descri be a film/movie you would like to share with your friends
You should say:
What it is
Where you watched it

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Who you watched it with
And why you want to share it with your friend

(What it is)
The film that I would love to share with my friend is Parasite, a 2019 South Korean black
comedy thriller film directed by Bong Joon -ho. The film stars Song Kang -ho, Lee Sunkyun,
Cho Yeo -jeong, Choi Woo -shik and Park So -dam. It received widespread critical acclaim
and won the Palme d'Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival, becoming the first Korean film
to receive the award. It was selected as the South Korean entry for the Best International
Feature Film at the 92nd Academy Awards.
(Where you watched it)
I watched this movie in the cinema right on the day it was premiered , because I was totally
enthralled by the mysterious trailer and the unique name of the movie. The experience
at the cinema was also rewarding, with a huge screen, the super sound -system, the
darkened atmosphere, and diverse audience reaction.
(Who you watched it with)
Well, it was my sister who introduced me to this movie, so I enjoyed it with her. We both
share an immense love for movies with exotic themes and twisting plots, as these excite
our curiosity. As expected, the film left an unforgettable impression on us, and we also
recommended it to other friends.
(And why you want to share it with your friend)
Well, this movie is just beyond your wildest expect ations. Parasite inveigles its way into
our consciousness. We laughed, at first, at its skewing of reality and the sheer temerity of
its main characters. But laughter soon gave way to fright and then to despair , so I want
my friend to experience these very special feelings. Parasite is generally gripping and
finely crafted, standing up well as Bong’s most mature state -of-the -nation statement
since Memories of Murder in 2003. I certainly won't give away any spoilers here, but

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suffice it to say that you won't guess any of the secrets, and once the story goes down
the rabbit hole, it stays very dark till the end.

Vocabulary:
231. acclaim [n]: public approval and praise: sự nán dương Eg: Despite the critical
acclaim, the novel did not sell well.
232. premiere [v]: if a show, film, etc. premieres or if it is premiered, the first public
performance or showing takes place: trình chiếu lần đầu Eg: The play was premiered
in New York.
233. enthrall [v]: to keep someone completely interested: gây ấn tượng
Eg: was always enthralled by the rotary engine, and thought it was a neat idea.
234. rewarding [adj]: giving a reward, especially by making you feel satisfied that you have
done something important or useful, or done something well: xứng đáng Eg:
Textbook writ ing can be an intellectually and financially rewarding activity.
235. immense [adj]: extremely large in size or degree: to lớn
Eg: They spent an immense amount of time getting the engine into perfect condition. 236.
inveigle [v]: to persuade someone to do so mething in a clever and dishonest way, when
they do not want to do it: dụ dỗ
Eg: Her son tried to inveigle her into giving him the money for a car.
237. temerity [n]: a willingness to do or say something that shocks or upsets other people:
can đảm
Eg: He h ad the temerity to call me a liar.
238. despair [n]: the feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve
a difficult or worrying situation: sự tuyệt vọng
Eg: To her teacher's despair, Nicole never does the work that she's told to do. 23 9.
gripping [adj]: something that is gripping is so interesting or exciting that it holds your
attention completely: thú vị
Eg: I found the book so gripping that I couldn't put it down.
240. suffice it to say [expression]: it is enough to say: có thể nói rằng

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Eg: Suffice (it) to say, Mike won't be going to Tina's birthday party after what he said about
her to her boss.


29. Describe a time you looked at the sky

Where it is
Who you would like to see it with
What you would like to see
Explain why you would like to see it

(Where it is) I guess that sky -gazing is something that I might do every day without
actually having any awareness of doing it. However, I am going to te ll you about a sky I
would love to see from a roof -top bar located near Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
(Who you would like to see it with) Well, I think it is best to watch the sky with my friends
since we both love to enjoy moments when planes take o ff and land on the ground. ( What
you would like to see) For me, the suitable time to watch is the afternoon in summer. The
sky would be clear , deep blue with only a few light clouds, but in the distance I could see
planes waiting in line before rushing to take off the ground, carrying their passengers to
different destinations. And then, the sunset time would be awesome and witnessing the
sky by eye might be something unforgettable when there are only a few rays of sun
flickering .
(Explain why you would li ke to see it ) I just simply think that watching the sky during the
afternoon time and contemplating the sunset always brings me excitement and relaxation
after a hard -working day. In addition, becoming a flight attendant is also my dream job,
therefore; pl anes really fascinate me and give me a motivation to turn my dream into
reality.

1. Gaze (verb): Nhìn chằm chằm
Annette gazed admiringly at Warren as he spoke.
2. Awareness (noun): Sự nhận thức, hiểu biết

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The leaflet has been produced with the aim of increasing public awareness of the disease.
3. Clear (adjective): Trong, trong trẻo.
The water in the lake is so clear that you can see the bottom.
4. =n the distance: Từ 1 khoảng cách nhất định From a distance he looks a bit like Johnny
Depp.
5. Flickering (verb): Le lói.
There were a few flickering signs of optimism.

30. Describe a photograph you like in your room
You should say
• What the photo is about
• Who took that photo
• Where you put it at home
And explain how you feel about it
(What the photo is about) Everyone at least takes a picture once in their lives, and
of course, I am not an exception. However, there is one picture which imprinted on
my memory is a group photo in Malaysia with the Petronas Twin Towers in the
background. My cousins and I went on a trip to Malaysia last year and we paid a
visit to Malaysia’s biggest pride – the Petronas Towers. The towers used to notch
up as the world’s tallest building before wit nessing the strong rise of other
skyscrapers. Kuala Lumpur’s top tourist attraction and most photographed
landmark is located in the heart of the capital city, surrounded by a cluster of
smaller, but by no means small, skyscrapers. People say that you have n’t been to
Kuala Lumpur if you haven’t got a picture with the towers. =’ve printed this photo
and hung it on the wall in my room.
(Who took that photo) We all wanted to be in the photo. Therefore, we had to get
other tourists to take photos for us. I tol d my cousin who could not speak English at

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all to get other tourists to take a photo for us. And what turned out was that she
came across a Vietnamese one.
(Where you put it at home) Before I printed the photo, I had posted it on social
media and to my s urprise, it went viral within just some minutes. I backed up all the
photos on the trip as soon as the trip came to an end so that I can access photos
whenever going online and prevent them from getting lost in case my phone is
stolen. The photo was so spe cial that I decided to print it out and put it right on the
wall in my bedroom.
(And explain how you felt about it) This photo was more than just an ordinary
photo. It was a bridge between my cousin and her husband. The Vietnamese tourist
I mentioned was immediately impressed and asked my cousin for her contact
details.
They got married afterwards. This is what made that photo so special.
Vocabulary from technology :
1. To back up (phrasal verb): sao lưu
Example: Backing up is to make a copy of information in a computer that is stored
separately .
Sao lưu (back up) là việc làm một bản copy thông tin trong một máy tính mà nó có
thể được lưu cách riêng biệt.
2. To go online (phrase): kết nối mạng
Example: I went online to look for a cheap flight .
Tôi kết nối mạng để tìm một chuyến bay giá rẻ.
Other vocabulary:
1. imprint (phrase): ghi và o.
That look of grief would be im printed on her mind forever .

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Cái nhìn đầy giận giữ đó sẽ bị ghi vào trí nhớ của cô ấy mãi mãi.
2. Pay a visi t to someone/something (phrase): ghé qua I think I'll pay a visit to the
library while I'm in town .
Có thể là tôi sẽ ghé qua thư viện khi vào trung tâm thành phố.
3. To notch up (phrase): đạt được cái gì đó
The company notched up over £10 million in profits last year .
Công ty đạt được lợi nhuận hơn 10 triệu Bảng Anh vào năm vừa rồi.
4. Cluster (n): cụm
There was a cluster of fans around him, asking for autographs .
Có nguyên một cụm fan bao quanh anh ấy, đang xin chữ ký.
Part 3
• Does your house hav e a lot of pictures?
My parents have hung quite a few photos around the walls actually. Most photos
are of my young sister and some wedding photos are of my brothers.
• What are some disadvantages of taking pictures by mobile phones?
= can’t call myself a techie or a photography buff but to the best of my knowledge,
pictures taken on mobile phones are apparently unparalleled by those taken by
digital cameras. Also, smartphone cameras have limited manual control options.
Unlike regular cameras, you can’t c ontrol the aperture , depth of field, lighting
amongst other features. Smartphones only allow you to zoom in or out and maybe
regulate the shutter speed.
• What are some disadvantages of taking selfies?
Taking selfies too often may lead to addiction and harm one’s self -confidence.
Additionally, the desire to take novel selfies in order to draw people’s attention can

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actually lead to dangerous behaviors and may even cause death. Recently, some
tourists att empting to take a selfie with a bison in the background were so
distracted by the process that they were attacked by the bison!
• Do primary students need to study art?
It is essential that primary students study art as it is instrumental in boosting their
imagination as well as creativity. Such activities can encourage patience and build a
strong foundation for children’s future careers.
• Why should children learn painting for relaxation?
I believe that painting is one of the most effective ways to relieve stress and
temporarily get away from schoolwork. While many others keep their eyes glued to
screen for relaxation, which may pose a threat to their health, those who relax by
painting not only let off steam after a hard working week at school but also avoid
wearing spectacles.
Vocabulary from technology :
1. Techie (n): một người biết nhiều về máy tính
Example: To run a successful IT team , you need to be more than just a techie .
Để điều hành một nhóm công nghệ thông tin, bạn cần nhiều hơn chỉ là một kĩ thuật
viên.
2. Buff (phrase): fan
Example: a computer /opera /film buff
Một fan của máy tính/opera/phim
3. Aperture (n): khẩu độ
Example: Computer -controlled motors help in individually moving the cameras,
changing the focus, zoom, aperture , or tilting the stereo pair.

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Động cơ điều khiển bằng máy tính giúp di chuyển từng camera, tha y đổi tiêu cự, thu
phóng, khẩu độ hoặc nghiêng cặp âm thanh nổi.
Other vocabulary:
1. Let off steam (phrase): xả stress
Example: She jogs after work to let off steam .
Cô ấy đi bộ sau khi tan làm để xả stress.
2. Draw people’s attention (phrase): thu hút sự c hú ý
Example: They're organizing a campaign to draw people's attention to the
environmentally harmful effects of using their cars .
:ọ đang tổ chức một chiến dịch để thu hút sự chú ý của mọi người về tác hại của
môi trường khi sử dụng ô tô.


31. Describe a popular product (e.g. food, handicraft -) made in your regi on
You should say:
• what it is
• what it is used for how it is made/produced and explain
why your country produces this thing.
(What it is) Today, I would like to share with you some information about a popular
food made in my country. It is bún, Vietnamese for the rice noodle which bears a
striking resemblance to Singapore’s bee hoon. :owever, bún is much bigger than
bee hoon and it’s also m ore tender.
(What it is used for) Bún is a main ingredient in many Vietnamese dishes, from Bún
Bò :uế (:ue beef rice noodles) to spring rolls. =t would be a huge mistake if

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someone went to Vietnam without trying at least one dish that had bún inside. It
makes my mouth water just to think about the savory Bún Bò H uế that = had right
in the city of :uế, which is the origin of this dish.
(How it is made/produced) Normally bún is mass produced because it is comprised
of many different stages which require a heavy amount of force. Firstly, rice will be
put in a massi ve bucket of water and it chills there for two days. When it is tender
enough, it will be ground into powder. In the following step, the powder will be put
in a machine as it produces the noodles that we know. During this stage, the noodles
are heated insi de the machine so that they are safe for consumption. As soon as
they are taken out of the machine, they will be soaked in cool water. At this stage,
the noodles are ready for consumption.
(And explain why your country produces this thing) Vietnam produ ces this special
food because it was simple to make in the past and the ingredients could be easily
found. Bún is made of only one ingredient – it is rice.
Vocabulary from food :
1. Ingredient (n): nguyên liệu
Example: The list of ingredients included 250 g of almonds .
Danh sách nguyên liệu có bao gồm 250 g hạnh nhân.
2. Make sb’s mouth water (phrase): làm bạn thèm chảy nước.
Example: The smell of that bacon cooking is making my mouth water .
Mùi thịt xông khói đó làm tôi thèm chảy nước.
3. Savory (adj): ngon
Example: a savoury dish
Một món ăn ngon
4. Soak (v): nhúng vào

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Example: Soak the fruit in brandy for a few hours before you add it to the mixture .
Nhúng trái cây vào rượu trong vài giờ trước khi thêm nó vào hỗn hợp đó.
Other vocabular y:
1. To bear a striking resemblance to someone (phrase): trông rất giống ai đó
Example: She bears a striking resemblance to her mother.
Cô ta trông rất giống mẹ mình.
Part 3:
Food Production:
Q. What are some of the main food products ("foods") that your country produces?
As our economy is mostly driven by agriculture and our culture is heavily linked with
rice, most foods from Vietnam are made of rice. Phở, which is known as one of the
best dishes worldwide, and hủ tiếu, spring rolls are all made of rice. Apart from rice -
based foods, we also make pretty good candied coconut, which is a traditional food
on Lunar New Year.
Q. What are some food products that come from different parts of your country?
The North is famous for Bún Riêu, which is rice noodles with crab soup, while Central
Vietnam is well -known for Bún Bò :uế aforementioned. Meanwhile, Bún
Nước Lèo, once fascinated Gordon Ramsay, is a delicacy in which the floating
villages in the Mekong D elta, Southern Vietnam take pride.
Q. What widely consumed food products are mainly imported into your country?
Previously, dairy products such as cheese and other milk -based products could not
be made in Vietnam because of the climate conditions, thus all dairy products were
imported directly from Soviet Union. However, as food manufacturing technology

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has witnessed some significant progress, we can curb our reliance on other
countries for such products.
Q. Do you think it's important that a country i s self -sufficient in food?
It is very important for a country to become self -sufficient in food. If a war happens
to break out , or relationships between countries turn bad , all trading activities will
be halted . Thus, maintaining an amount of food suffic ient enough for a country to
use for up to 5 years is of great importance in such cases.
Other Products /International Trade:
Q. Besides food and the product you mentioned earlier, what else is made in your
country?
My country is also well -known for h igh -quality dried fruit such as mango, banana
and jack fruit. Da Lat is a hub of dried fruit as many food manufacturers set up their
businesses in this temperate. This city is also located in a province which has the
largest amount of tea and coffee produc ed in the whole of Vietnam.
Q. Do you think the globalisation of industry and commerce is a good thing?
The globalisation of industry and commerce is, without a doubt, a positive
development. Thanks to such a trend, countries can exchange goods with ea ch
other, thus giving each other the things that it does not have. Also, this is an
effective way to boost the bilateral and multilateral relationships between
countries.
Q. Do you think every country should make everything it needs or should it import
some things?
There is no point in putting too much effort and money into producing food that
can hardly be produced because of the local natural conditions. Importing such
kinds of food from foreign countries is more cost -effective .
Q. What are the disadvantages of a country producing everything it needs?

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The efforts put into producing everything a country needs may end up going to
waste . For example, it is impossible to grow kiwis in a tropical climate like
Vietnam’s. Thus, however hard governments try to draw scientists’ attention, the
likelihood of succe ss of such expensive projects remains low. Not only may such an
idea lead to a waste of time, it is also costly and leads to nowhere.
Vocabulary from food:
1. Delicacy (n): đồ ăn ngon
Example: a dinner of Vietnamese delicacies
Một bữa tối với đồ ăn Việt Nam ngon
2. Dairy (adj): sản phẩm từ sữa
Example: I'm trying to cut down on dairy products , which is difficult because I adore
cheese .
Tôi đang cố gắng cắt giảm các sản phẩm từ sữa, tuy nhiên nó khá khó vì tôi rất thích
phô mai.
Other vocabulary:
1. Break out (phrasal verb): nổ ra Exam ple: World War 1 broke out in 1914.
Thế chiến thứ nhất nổ ra vào năm 1914.
2. Turn bad (phrase): chuyển xấu
Example: His conditions turned bad as he could not give up his smoking habit.
Tình hình của ông ấy chuyển xấu vì ông ta không thể ngừng hút thuốc lá.
3. Halt (v): chặn lại
Example: Security forces halted the demonstrators by blocking the road .
Lực lượng an ninh đã chặn đứng những người b iểu tình bằng cách chặn đường.

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4. Bilateral (adj): song phương
Example: France and Germany have signed a bilateral agreement to
help prevent drug smuggling .
Pháp và Đức đã ký một thỏa thuận song phương để giúp ngăn chặn buôn lậu ma
túy .
5. Multilateral (adj): đa phương
Example: Seven countries are taking part in the multilateral talks .
Bảy quốc gia đang tham gia các cuộc đàm phán đa phương.
• Cost -effective (adj): đáng đồng tiền
Example: It wouldn't be cost -effective to buy an expensive new computer when all
you wan t to do is store your photos .
Sẽ không đáng tiền nếu mua một máy tính mới đắt tiền khi tất cả những gì bạn muốn
làm là lưu trữ ảnh của bạn.
• Go to waste (phrase): lãng phí.
Example: You can even make stock from the bones , so that nothing goes to waste .
Bạn thậm chí có thể tạo ra cổ phiếu từ xương, để không có gì để lãng phí.

32. Describe a toy you like in your childhood
You should say:
• what it is
• what it is used for how it is made/produced and explain
why your country produces this thing.

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(What it is) Today, I would like to share with you some information about a popular
food made in my country. It is bún, Vietnamese for the rice noodle which bears a
striking resemblance to Singapore’s bee hoon. :owever, bún is much bigger than
bee hoon and it’s also m ore tender.
(What it is used for) Bún is a main ingredient in many Vietnamese dishes, from Bún
Bò :uế (:ue beef rice noodles) to spring rolls. =t would be a huge mistake if
someone went to Vietnam without trying at least one dish that had bún inside. It
makes my mouth water just to think about the savory Bún Bò :uế that = had right
in the city of :uế, which is the origin of this dish.
(How it is made/produced) Normally bún is mass produced because it is comprised
of many different stages which require a heavy amount of force. Firstly, rice will be
put in a massive bucket of water and it chills there for two days. When it is tender
enough, it will be ground into powder. In the following step, the powder will be put
in a machine as it produces the noodles that we know. During this stage, the noodles
are heated inside the machine so that they are safe for consumption. As soon as
they are taken out of the machine, t hey will be soaked in cool water. At this stage,
the noodles are ready for consumption.
(And explain why your country produces this thing) Vietnam produces this special
food because it was simple to make in the past and the ingredients could be easily
found. Bún is made of only one ingredient – it is rice.
Vocabulary from food :
1. Ingredient (n): nguyên liệu
Example: The list of ingredients included 250 g of almonds .
Danh sách nguyên liệu có bao gồm 250 g hạnh nhân.
2. Make sb’s mouth water (phrase): làm bạn thèm chảy nước.
Example: The smell of that bacon cooking is ma king my mouth water .

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Mùi thịt xông khói đó làm tôi thèm chảy nước.
3. Savory (adj): ngon
Example: a savoury dish
Một món ăn ngon
4. Soak (v): nhúng vào
Example: Soak the fruit in brandy for a few hours before you add it to the mixture .
Nhúng trái cây vào rượu trong vài giờ trước khi thêm nó vào hỗn hợp đó.
Other vocabulary:
3. To bear a striking resemblance to someone (phrase): trông rất giống ai đó
Example: She bears a striking resemblance to her mother.
Cô ta trông rất giống mẹ mình.
Part 3:
Food Production:
Q. What are some of the main food products ("foods") that your country produces?
As our economy is mostly driven by agriculture and our culture is heavily linked with
rice, most foods from Vietnam are made of rice. Phở, which is known as one of the
best dishes worldwide, and hủ tiếu, spring rolls are all made of rice. Apart from rice -
based foods, we also make pretty good candied coconut, which is a traditional food
on Lunar New Year.
Q. What are some food products that come from different parts of your country?
The North is famous for Bún Riêu, which is rice noodles with crab soup, while Central
Vietnam is well -known for Bún Bò :uế aforementioned. Meanwhile, Bún
Nước Lèo, once fascinated Gordon Ramsay, is a delicacy in which the floating
villages in the Mekong Delta, Southern Vietnam take pride.

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Q. What widely consumed food produc ts are mainly imported into your country?
Previously, dairy products such as cheese and other milk -based products could not
be made in Vietnam because of the climate conditions, thus all dairy products were
imported directly from Soviet Union. However, as food manufacturing technology
has witnessed some significant progress, we can curb our reliance on other
countries for such products.
Q. Do you think it's important that a country is self -sufficient in food?
It is very important for a country to become self -sufficient in food. If a war happens
to break out , or relationships between countries turn bad , all trading activities will
be hal ted . Thus, maintaining an amount of food sufficient enough for a country to
use for up to 5 years is of great importance in such cases.
Other Products /International Trade:
Q. Besides food and the product you mentioned earlier, what else is made in your
country?
My country is also well -known for high -quality dried fruit such as mango, banana
and jack fruit. Da Lat is a hub of dried fruit as many food manufacturers set up their
businesses in this temperate. This city is also located in a province which has the
largest amount of tea and coffee produced in the whole of Vietnam.
Q. Do you think the globalisation of industry and commerce is a good thing?
The globalisation of industry and commerce is, without a doubt, a positive
development. Thanks to such a trend, countries can exchange goods with each
other, thus giving each other the things that it does not have. Also, this is an
effective way to boost t he bilateral and multilateral relationships between
countries.
Q. Do you think every country should make everything it needs or should it import
some things?

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There is no point in putting too much effort and money into producing food that
can hardly be produced because of the local natural conditions. Importing such
kinds of food from foreign countries is more cost -effective .
Q. What are the disadvantages of a country producing everything it needs?
The efforts put into producing everything a country needs may end up going to
waste . For example, it is impossible to grow kiwis in a tropical climate like
Vietnam’s. Thus, however hard governments try to draw scientists’ attention, the
likelihood of success of such expensive projects remains low. Not only may such an
idea lead to a waste of time, it is also costly and leads to nowhere.
Vocabulary from food:
1. Delicacy (n): đồ ăn ngon
Example: a dinner of Vietnamese delicacies
Một bữa tối với đồ ăn Việt Nam ngon
4. Dairy (adj): sản phẩm từ sữa
Example: I'm trying to cut down on dairy products , which is difficult because I adore
cheese .
Tôi đang cố gắng cắt giảm các sản phẩm từ sữa, tuy nhiên nó khá khó vì tôi rất thích
phô mai.
Other vocabulary:
1. Break out (phrasal verb): nổ ra Example: World War 1 broke out in 1914.
Thế chiến thứ nhất nổ ra vào năm 1914.
2. Turn bad (phrase): chuyển xấu
Examp le: His conditions turned bad as he could not give up his smoking habit.
Tình hình của ông ấy chuyển xấu vì ông ta không thể ngừng hút thuốc lá.

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3. Halt (v): chặn lại
Example: Security forces halted the demonstrators by blocking the road .
Lực lượng an ninh đã chặn đứng những người biểu tình bằng cách chặn đường.
4. Bilateral (adj): song phương
Example: France and Germany have signed a bilateral agreement to
help prevent drug smuggl ing .
Pháp và Đức đã ký một thỏa thuận song phương để giúp ngăn chặn buôn lậu ma
túy.
5. Multilateral (adj): đa phương
Example: Seven countries are taking part in t he multilateral talks .
Bảy quốc gia đang tham gia các cuộc đàm phán đa phương.
• Cost -effective (adj): đáng đồng tiền
Example: It wouldn't be cost -effective to buy an expensive new computer when all
you want to do is store your photos .
Sẽ không đáng tiền nếu mua một máy tính mới đắt tiền khi tất cả những gì bạn muốn
làm là lưu trữ ảnh của bạn.
• Go to waste (phrase): lãng phí.
Example: You can even make stock from the bones , so that nothing goes to waste .
• Bạn thậm chí có thể tạo ra cổ phiếu từ xương, để không có gì để lãng phí

33. Describe an unusual experience of travelling/vacation/holiday
You should say
• Where you went
• Who you went with

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• What was unusual
And explain how you feel about it
(Where you went) I would like to talk about one of the worst journeys of mine. I
went on this journey a while ago, one year to be precise, during my trip to Bali,
Indonesia. Due to the fact that tourist attractions in Bali were located quiite far
away from each other, we had to rely on car rental services offered there. One
service lasted 8 hours, any extra hour would cost an additional 20 dollars.
(Who you were with) I was travelling with other 6 cousins, which eased the burden
placed on me. They were also relatively s urprised that the traffic in Bali was that
horrible.
(What was unusual) When working on the itinerary, I did factor traffic jams in , for
which Bali is notorious. Yet, my trip from Denpasar to Ubud lasted up to 10 hours
because of traffic jam, although I had decided to drop some sites. I nearly died in
the car because my bladder was full but the car did not seem to be moving.
(And explain how you feel about it) In general, I still dread to think of commuting
around Bali by car. Although I went out of se ason in the monsoon season, there
were still hordes of tourists , which was the reason for the congestion on routes
between attractions. I thought it would be the holiday of a lifetime, but Bali turned
out so disappointing because of the congestion as well as low -quality services.
Vocabulary from holidays :
1. Tourist attraction : điểm hút khách du lịch
Example: Florida has numerous tourist attractions .
Florida có rất nhiều điểm hút khách du lịch.
2. Rental (n): sự thuê mướn
Property rental is quite expensive here.

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3. Out of season (phrase): ngoài mùa cao điểm/trái mùa Example: Tomatoes are
out of season now.
Tomatoes đang trong lúc trái mùa.
4. Hordes of tourists (phrase): đám đông khách du lịch
Example: Hordes of tourists are taking the buffet food as if there was no tomorrow.
Đám đông khách du lịch đang lấy đồ ăn buffet như thể là không có ngày mai.
3. Factor something in (phrase): tính cái gì (vào cái gì đó)
Example: People are earning more, but when inflation is factored in , they are no
better off.
Con người đang làm ra nhiều tiền hơn, nhưng khi tính lạm phát vào, thì cũng chả tốt
hơn gì.
4. Work on (phrase): làm/luyện tập cái gì đó
Example: His dancing technique is good, but he needs to work on his stamina .
Kĩ thuật nhảy của anh ấy khá ổn, nhưng cần phải luyện tập thêm sức chịu đựng.
5. Drop (v): bỏ
I'm going to drop yoga and do aerobics instead .
Tôi sẽ bỏ tập yoga và tập aerobics thay vì yoga.
Bonus question: Would you choose to have an unusual holiday li ke such again?
I personally do not think that I will have an unusual holiday like this again. I will try
to avoid cities or regions that are notorious for congestion because it is such a waste
of time and money. We should spend money to enjoy breathtaking scenery rather
than be stuck in traffic.
Part 3

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• Do Vietnamese people have a lot of holidays?
No. Vietnamese people only have a handful of holidays in a year, pretty little
compared to their neighbours. The number of public holidays in Vietnam is only 11
days, compared to 50 days in Malaysia.
• Where do Vietnamese people often go for holidays?
Pub lic holidays in Vietnam are relatively short, normally ranging from one to two
days only, apart from the Lunar New Year holiday, which grants people 5 days off.
Therefore, Vietnamese people only make use of those short holidays to go to
weekend destination s such as Vũng Tàu, which is an ideal coastal destination for
those who like the beach. Đà Lạt is also another popular choice for people from :o
Chi Minh city.
• How does tourism help a country?
At its most basic level, tourism brings much needed foreign money into a country.
International visitors and their hefty wallets are the perfect solution for developing
countries’ desperate in need for foreign money. The presence of these tourists in
areas with limited resources can also help improve local conditions such as roads,
transportation and access to modern conveniences.
• Talking about eco -tourism, does it have more benefits or drawbacks?
Eco -touris m definitely brings more benefits to the economy, the environment and
society as a whole. As a major in tourism, I learn that eco -tourism activities have to
involve educating tourists about the ecosystem, thus increasing their awareness of
the responsibili ty for preserving the ecosystem. Meanwhile, ordinary tourist
activities are merely visiting places and taking photos.
Vocabulary from holidays :
1. Public holiday : ngày lễ quốc gia
Example: New Year's Day is a public holiday in many countries .

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Ngày năm mới là ngày nghỉ lễ tại rất nhiều quốc gia.
2. Weekend destination : điểm đến cuối tuần
Example: Vung Tau has long been an ideal weekend destination for people in Ho
Chi Minh city.
Vũng Tàu từ đâu đã là điểm đến cuối tuần lý tưởng cho những người ở thành phố
:ồ Chí Minh.
3. Hefty (adj): lớn
Example: Her salary will go up by a hefty 13 percent .
Lương của cô ta sẽ tăng một lượng lớn, khoảng 13%.
34. Describe something important that you lost
You should say: what is it why it is important how
did you lose it how did you do after lost it
Answer:
(what is it)
The most important and valuable thing I have ever lost is probably my motorcycle.
(why it is important)
This item was particularly important to me because it was my main means of
transportation, and my university is quite far away from my home. It was also especially
meaningful to me because it was the result of so much hard work and savings from my
parents.
(how did you lose it)
This may sound crazy, but I was a victim of a burglary. Apparently, a thief broke into our
parking room and took my motor cycle away. (how did you do after lost it)
After I lost my motorbike, I freaked out because I had to be extremely punctual for school.
This meant that I had to wake up very early in the morning and take a bus during off -peak
travel hours before traffic ground to a halt. Going to school by bus, I really broke with

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precedent as I had never done this before. Although I was sadden ed by the loss of my
motorbike, this experience was not all bad; as a matter of fact, I even grew fond of taking
the bus. While I normally struggled with the weather, the pollution, and the irritation of
traffic congestion, on the bus I could appreciate a work of literature and read until I arrived
at school. Plus, the government was raising the price of petrol , so I saved greatly!
I guess every cloud has a silver lining, and you just have to make the most of it !

1. to be punctual
Meaning: to arrive at th e correct time
Nghĩa: đến đúng giờ
Example: In order to attract more people to use public transport, it is essential that it is
clean, reliable, safe and punctual.

2. off -peak travel
Meaning: travel at times when fewer people are using public transport
Nghĩa: di chuyển vào thời gian khi có ít người tham gia giao thông hơn. Example:
Cheap fares should be introduced for off -peak travel.

3. to grind to a halt
Meaning: to go slower and then stop completely
Nghĩa: đi chậm lại rồi dừng lại hoàn toàn
Example: In my city, Paris, traffi c regularly grinds to a halt during the rush hour.

4. to raise petrol prices
Meaning: to increase the price which people pay for petrol
Nghĩa: tăng giá nhiên liệu
Example: Raising petrol prices would not be an effective method of reducing the amount
of traffic on the roads.

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Từ vựng chủ đề Business

1. To make the most of something
Meaning: to make something appear as good as possible; to exploit something; to get as
much out of something as is possible.
Nghĩa: tạo ra cái gì một cách tốt nhất cái gì hoặc khai thác cái gì một cách triệt để.
Example: They designed the advertisement s to make the most of the product's features.
Chủ đề Reading
2. to break with precedent
Meaning: to do something in a different way
Nghĩa: làm cái gì đó theo cách khác
Example: I believe that universities should break with precedent and admit more women
to engineering and science courses.

3. to read on
Meaning: to continue reading
Nghĩa: tiếp tục việc đọc
Example: In the busy lives which many people lead today, we ha ve become accustomed to
glance quickly at news stories and we fail to read on and discover the facts behind the
headlines.

Chủ đề Arts

1. a work of art/a work of music/a work of literature
Meaning: a painting, sculpture, book, play, piece of music etc
Nghĩa: một bức họa, tác phẩm điêu khắc, cuốn sách, vở kịch, đoạn nhạc…
Example: Shakespeare’s plays are considered as one of the greatest works of literature in
the English language.

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Từ v ựng khác:
every cloud has a silver lining (idm): Every negative situation has the potential to result in
or produce something positive or beneficial.
Nghĩa: mọi tình huống tiêu cực đều có khả năng sẽ có kết quả là một thứ tích cực hoặc hữu
ích.
Examp le: I know you're upset about not getting the lead in the school play, but just keep
in mind that every cloud has a silver lining — you'll get lots of experience as the understudy!
35. Describe an occasion that make you happy
When
Who
What
Explain why
(When) I would like to talk about a special day when I received an amount of money from
my university, which is possibly one of the happiest events in my entire life. It was only 2
months ago and I still remember that day rather clearly.
(Who ) It was the principal of my university who awarded the money to me. To be honest,
= didn’t expect him to give us a lot of money since my school was on a tight budget to help
unprivileged students. The moment I got announcement from my head teacher, I was
over the moon .
(What) After completing an English Test competition with flying colors , I was rewarded
an amount of 2 million VND. I consider myself a competitive person; therefore, I always
try my best in every single English competition. I still remembe r the moment of the
principal walking into my class and giving me a handshake. Then, he gave me a small
envelope and a certificate. While returning home, I found myself flying in joy .
(Why) To be honest, I have never received such a huge amount of money i n my entire life,
and what happened that day just really made it a once -in-a-life -time experience.
1. On a tight budget (expression): Thắt chặt chi tiêu, tiết kiệm. Example: =t is important that
we travel on a tight budget.

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2. Over the moon (idiom): :ạnh phúc.
Example: She was over the moon when her boyfriend proposed marriage to her.
3. Flying colors (expression): Điểm số cao.
Example: He made his parents proud by passing the test with flying colors.
4. Flying in joy (expression): Ngập tràn trong niềm vui.
Example: They found themselves flying in joy when their son got admitted to FTU.
5. Once -in-a-life -time (adjective): Có 1 lần duy nhất trên đời.
Example: We have a once -in-a-lifetime test, the number pl ate test, and it is not even a very
good one.


36. Describe an experience you played an indoor game with others
What the indoor game was
Who you played it
How you felt about it
(What the indoor game was) For this cue card, I would like to tell you about a Vietnamese
traditional fork game, which is bamboo jacks . It is not as popular as it used to be in the
past; however, it always reminds me of my childhood .
(Who you played it with) This game includes ten thin, well -sharpened, round bamboo
sticks an d a ball, which traditionally is a fig. These days, tennis balls are becoming more
popular as a substitute . The player tosses the ball into the air. While the ball is in the air,
she must quickly pick up the sticks and then catch the ball. In the first rou nd, the player
picks up the slicks one by one. Next, she gathers two sticks at a time, and so forth up to
ten. In these stages she plays with only one hand. Meanwhile, her face reddens and her
eyes become intense as she performs in front of her friends.
(How you felt about it) I think the main reason why I feel content and absorbed with this
game is that it teaches you how to be patient and focus on what you are doing. With this
game, I can let off some steams after studying at school.
1. Bamboo jacks (noun): Banh đũa
Bamboo jacks is one of my favorite Vietnamese folk games.

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2. Childhood (noun): Tuổi thơ She had an unhappy childhood.
3. Substitute (noun): Vật thay thế
You can substitute oil for butter in this recipe.
4. =ntense (adjective): Mạn h, căng thẳng :e suddenly felt an intense
pain in his back.
5. Patient (adjective): Kiên nhẫn
Dinner will be ready in half an hour - just be patient!
6. Let off steam (verb): Gỉai tỏa căng thẳng. She jogs after work to let
off steam.
37. Describe a place you remember well that full of color
You should say
• Where it is
• What it is like
• What it is used for
And explain why you remember it well
(Where it is): During my trip to Singapore last year, I had an opportunity to visit the
Singapore Botanic Gardens, which impressed me with tons of different colors. The
gardens are located quite far away from tourist traps , but very accessible by bus.
(What it is like): Being the biggest botanic garden in Singapore, covering more than
74.000 square meters, it showcases Singapore’s biggest collection of flowers
comprising hundreds of species with a wide variety of colors, such as red, yellow,
orange, pink, or even blue, and their shades. The national flower of Singapore,
which is the orchid, can be found easily in this garden. Moreover, the park’s
entrance is also naturally decorated with colorful flowers.
(What it is used for): Besides bringing a green environment to th e city, which is
always humid around the year, the Botanic garden is also an ideal spot for not only
foreign visitors but also Singapore citizens to immerse themselves in natural beauty
and get away from it all after hard -working days. You can easily see hordes of

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tourists going sightseeing or leisure activities being taken place at this place,
especially on the weekends.
And explain why you remember it well
Well, I think the primary reason why the memories about this place are still vivid in
my mind is b ecause it was the first time I have ever witnessed such a wide variety
of colorful flowers in my life, although I have travelled to different countries. The
moment I entered the garden, I was completely blown away by its beauty. To be
honest, it was a once in a life time experience. I hope that I will have opportunities
to visit this garden again.
Part 3 questions:
Is color important for clothing?
Yes, I do think that colors play a vital role in clothes since it shows how the clothes
make us look and appear to other people. Sometimes the colors of your outfits even
express your feelings. For example, when =’m not in a good mood, = will choose a
blac k outfit. It will be dull if a person wears the same colors on a daily basis.
Should course books be colorful?
Absolutely. I believe that course books should be lively in order to help the
transmission of knowledge to readers be more effective. Using illustrations helps to
aid in learning and may be more effective than just describing something. For
example, kids are usually in favor of books with colorful pictures rath er than those
with only words. If course books include colorful contents, they will be more likely
to be sold faster than other ones.
VOCABULARY FROM HOLIDAY:
• Tourist trap
Meaning: somewhere where too many tourists go
Example: There are a lot of peopl e visiting Hoi An Ancient Town these days, which
makes this town become a tourist trap .
• Accessible

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Meaning: possible to approach, enter, or use
Example: The island is accessible only by ferry.
• To get away from it all
Meaning: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful lifestyle
Example: Why don’t you get away from it all and have a weekend in the mountains?
• Hordes of tourist
Meaning: crowds of tourists
Example: During summer, we can see hordes of tourists in t hese islands.
• To go sightseeing
Meaning: to look around the tourist sites
Example: Last year we went to London, and we spent most of the trip going
sightseeing , there was so much to see!
OTHER VOCABULARY:
• To showcase
Meaning: to show the best qualities or parts of something
Example: The main aim of the exhibition is to showcase British design.
• Immerse oneself in something
Meaning: to become completely involved in something
Example: She got some books out of the lib rary and immersed herself in Jewish
history and culture.
• Vivid
Meaning: brightly colored or (of descriptions or memories) producing clear,
powerful, and detailed images in the mind
Example: He gave a very vivid and often shocking account/description of his time in
prison.
• To be blown away
Meaning: To be surprised so much
Example: Winning first prize and a full scholarship blew her away .

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• Once -in -a-lifetime
Meaning: An once -in-a-lifetime experience or opportunity is very special because
you will probably only have it once
Example: A tour of Australia is a once -in -a-lifetime experience.
• Dull
Meaning: not interesting or exciting in any way
Example: I find h is art rather dull and conventional.
• Lively
Meaning: full of energy and enthusiasm; interesting and exciting Example:
There was some lively discussion at the meeting.

38. Describe something useful you borrow from others
You should describe
- What you borrowed
- Who you borrowed it from
- What you borrowed it for
- And explain why it was useful to you
Answer:
To be honest, I can recall many occasions when I had to borrow important things from
someone else. =’ll talk about when my father lent me 2 million VND (what you borrowed) .
First, I asked my mother for the loan, but she was on a tight budget. Therefore, I ended
up borrowing from my father, who gave me the money as if money was no object (who
you borrowed it from) . After finishing the National Exams, myself and another friend
planned to run a business, which was to sell milk tea. I remember that, last year, I
convinced by my friend wh o came up with the idea of making milk tea to save money for
our trip to Singapore. We were struggling with the stall in the beginning. Each day, the
store continued on track , and we gradually earned a profit. Within a month, I was able to
return the money that I borrowed from my father. The moment he received the money
from me, he seemed a bit surprised. I explained to him how we earned it. He told me that

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he was quite astonished that our little stall eventually saw the light of success. (what you
borrowed it for).
I was over the moon to tell him how we worked together to make it a success. I also
showed my gratitude and mentioned that, if not for his money, I could not have had the
chance to fulfill my dream, which was traveling to Singapore. Numerous oth er times, I
borrowed books, laptops, music players, money, CDs, and so on from my friends and
relatives. But the 2 million VND that I borrowed from my father was quite memorable,
and I am lucky that I decided to borrow it from my father for a good reason. (and explain
why it was useful to you)
VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
1. Recall (verb): Gợi nhớ.
Example: Do you recall the old days that were together?
2. On a tight budget (expression): Tiết kiệm, thắt chặt chi tiêu.
Example: :e is on a tight budget, don’t ask him to hang out with us.
3. Money was no object (=diom): Tiền bạc không là vấn đề.
Example: She goes shopping every week as if money is no object.
4. Run a business (phrase): Khởi nghiệp, bắt đầu kinh doanh.
Example: They started to run a small business 2 months ago.
5. Struggle with something (phrase): Gặp trục trặc, khó khăn với cái gì đó.
Example: :e’s struggling with his homework.
6. On track (expression): Ổn định.
Example: Everything was on track until we c ame into a conflict.
7. Gain profit (expression): Có lợi nhuận.
Example: The company started to gain profit after many failures.
8. See the light of success (expression): Thành công
Example: Having failed for several times, he finally saw the light of succes s.

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9. Over the moon (idiom): :ạnh phúc.
Example: I was over the moon when I heard your news.
10. Memorable (adjective): Đáng nhớ.
Example: The exchange trip was such a memorial experience in my life.
PART 3:
1. What will you do if people do not return the money they borrow from you?
If the amount of money is not too big and the person is underprivileged , I will not ask for
a return anyway. However, I will definitely keep asking for the return and bothering him
if the amount of money is large. If that person does not seem to want to return the money,
I will have to confide in the police.
2. Why are people embarrassed when they borrow m oney from others?
People feel embarrassed when borrowing money due to some reasons. First, they feel
that their financial situation is not as good as others, as a result, the thought of being at a
lower level arises . Second, it can be hard for them to e nsure when they can return the
money, which is another reason why borrowing money may make them feel not
comfortable.
3. What do you think of the sharing economy?
I believe that although the sharing economy seems to be working now in the age of
technology . :owever, it is expected that “the gig economy” is going to overtake sharing
economy as it is believed to be more sufficient and effective in meeting the demands of
customers and raising living standards.
4. Why do some people like to borrow things instead of buying them?
People prefer to borrowing to buying as they believe that the things that they would like
to borrow will not be necessary all the time and it is a waste of money to buy them. For
example, i f one only needs to use a laptop once or twice a month, it is not worth spending
a small fortune buying a laptop.
1. Underprivileged (adj): kém may mắn (về mặt tài chính)
Example: Children from an

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underprivileged family background are statistically more likely to become involved in
crime .
Trẻ con trong những gia đình kém may mắn, theo thống kê, thường dễ rơi vào con đường
tội phạm hơn.
2. To confide in (phrasal verb): tin tưởng.
Example: She's nice, but I don't feel I can confide in her.
Cô ấy tốt thật, nhưng tôi không nghĩ mình nên tin tưởng cô ấy.
3. To arise (verb): nổi lên.
Example: When a thought arises in the mind, it is not easy to get rid of it.
Khi một suy nghĩ rôi lên trong đầu, nó không dễ để bị gạt bỏ.
4. Sufficient (adj): đủ
Example: This recipe should be suffic ient for five people .
Công thức nấu ăn này sẽ đủ phần 5 người.
5. To spend a small fortune (idiom): trả nhiều tiền.
Example: You'll have to spend a small fortune in legal fees if you decide to sue
for compensation .
Bạn phải trả nhiều tiền c ho lệ phí nếu bạn quyết định đòi tiền bồi thường.


39. Describe an advice you receive on your subject or work
You should say:
- What it was and who you received it from
- What you did after receiving it
- And how you felt about it

(What it was and who you received it from)

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Today, I would like to talk about some advice on my studies that I received from my sister.
It was when I completed my university graduation and I had to decide what I wanted to
do in my life. Back then, I was at a crossroads , where I had to choose between embarking
on further studies abroad or starting working full -time with my bachelor’s degree. =
wanted an option which would provide me a promising future and at the same time
should be interesting as well. Understandably, higher academic qualifications no wadays
are virtually a prerequisite for employment, especially in grey -matter fields where rivalry
is cutthroat for graduates. I searched a lot on the internet about courses and also sought
advice from friends and relatives, yet still felt unassured. So, I decided to consult my elder
sister who was living in America and working in an advertising company.
(What you did after receiving it)
On receiving my question, she talked to me a lot and also pondered on it. Having weighed
up the pros and cons of each scenario, she advised me to continue to study for a Master’s
degree instead of working early. She believed that a master's degree can open many
career doors for young people, including certain career fields, advancement
opportunities, and higher salaries. As the workforce evolves , a graduate degree shows a
person is dedicated to enhancing his industry expertise and credibility . I trusted her and
followed her advice.
Without her, I could not make one of the most crucial decisions of my life.

(And how you felt about it)
Needless to say , I felt extremely grateful for my sister’s advice and emotional support.
She told me that no matter what road I choose, I nee d to stick to it until the end and make
it become the most meaningful one. This is the reason why I always want to see her
perspective before making any vital moves, as she is so experienced and insightful.

Vocabulary:
at a crossroads [expression]: t o be at a stage in your life when you have to make a very
important decision: đến bước ngoặc, đến bước quyết định Eg: After earning my degree,

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I'm at a crossroads. prerequisite [n]: something that must exist or happen before
something else can exist or hap pens: điều kiện tiên quyết
Eg: Passing a written test is a prerequisite for taking the advanced course.
rivalry [n]: a situation in which people, businesses, etc. compete with each other for the
same thing: sự cạnh tranh
Eg: There's such rivalry among/between my three sons. cut -throat [adj]: competing in a
strong and unfair way, without considering any harm caus ed to others: quyết liệt
Eg: Scrapping of price fixing legislation led to a cut -throat battle for supermarket
customers.
consult [v]: to discuss something with someone before you make a decision: tham khảo ý
kiến
Eg: This afternoon the president was con sulting with his advisers.
advancement [n]: the development or improvement of something: sự thăng tiến Eg:
All she was interested in was the advancement of her own career.
evolve [v]: to develop gradually, or to cause something or someone to develop gr adually:
phát triển, tiến hóa
Eg: The company has evolved over the years into a multi -million -dollar organization.
credibility [n]: the fact that someone can be believed or trusted: sự tín nhiệm
Eg: His arrest for lewd behaviour seriously damaged his credibility as a religious leader.
needless to say [expression]: of course: dĩ nhiên, tất nhiên Eg: Needless to say, he'll be
off work for a while.
grateful [adj]: feeling or showing an appreciation of kindness; thankful: biết ơn Eg: ='m very
grateful t o you for all your help.

40. Describe a gift that you took a lot of time to choose
What it was
Who you gave it to
How you prepare
Explain why you spent a lot of time preparing it

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(What it was )Today, I would like to tell you the time I bought an Iphone for my sister when
she turned 18, which took me almost 2 months to prepare.
(Who you gave it to ) My sister was heavily fascinated about this wonderful cutting -edge
device and dreamed about owni ng one someday. Besides, it is also a useful tool which
can help her studies be more efficient and keep in touch with foreign friends by making
longdistance video calls.
(How you prepare ) One day, I did a part -time job, which is tutoring English for children
and started saving money from there. After one month I found that I had saved a very
small amount to purchase the IPhone! Then, I actually had to spend time working at a
restaurant a t the same time. When I finally saved enough money, I went to a mobile
phone store when they were having special deals and purchased an Iphone 7+ as hardly
could I have another chance to buy this item at such a good bargain price.
(Explain why you spent a lot of time preparing it )Well, you know that cutting -edge
devices, especially Apple products might cost an arm and a leg . I was on a tight budget
that moment to make my sister’s dream turn into reality. :owever, what was special was
that as she grew up, she understood how much love I had put in the phone when buying
it for her.

VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
1. Cutting -edge device (noun): Những thiết bị điện tử hiện đại.
Example: Communication through cutting -edge devices is the primary culprit for the loss
of direct communication these days.
2. Keep in touch with sb (expression): Giữ liên lạc với ai đó.
Example: We still keep in touch with each other after graduation.
3. Bar gain (noun): Gía rẻ
Example: This shirt was half -price - a real bargain.
4. Cost one’s an arm and a leg (idiom): Đắt đỏ.
I'd love to buy a Porsche, but they cost an arm and a leg.
5. On a tight budget (expression): Thắt chặt chi tiêu, tiết kiệm.
Example: He decided to stay at a hostel since he was on a tight budget.

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41. Describe an experience that you got bored when you were with others
You should say:
⁃ When it was
⁃ Who you were with
⁃ What you did
⁃ And explain why you were bored.
(When it was) Right now, =’d like to share with you one of my biggest problems whenever
I go on a date with someone - boredom. Some time ago, during the Lunar New Year to be
exact, I tried seeing a guy who I found the mos t boring individual on Earth.
(Who you were with) I matched this guy on Tinder, which was my maiden Tinder
experience. Having read his profile, I could know this guy is definitely not a catfish but
rather a well -educated boy who seemed to be a person I c ould talk to. However, he was
just too shy to initiate a conversation and I had to continuously ask questions until I ran
out of ideas.
(What you did) All of our dates were movie sessions rather than face -to -face time. After
movies, we would just head out for dinner and drinks at which both of us hardly cast a
glance at each other while we spent most of our time keeping eyes glued to our screens ,
literal ly without knowing what to say to each other.
(And explain why you were bored) I would say that the lack of connection between us
was the cause of the boredom. Also, there was no chemistry between us. I expected him
to be a lot more active as he had seem ed to talk a lot in chat, but the way he turned out
left me quite disappointed.
1. To go on a date (phrase): đi hẹn hò
He asked her out on a date.
Anh ấy mời cô ấy đi hẹn hò.

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2. To see (v): tìm hiểu
I think Jane wants to date Jack after spending three months seeing him.
Tôi nghĩ Hane muốn hẹn hò với Hack sau ba tháng tìm hiểu.
3. Catfish (n): lừa đảo (sử dụng hình người khác trên ứng dụng hẹn hò)
Falling for a catfish has nothing to do with intelligence or rational thinking – it’s all about
hope .
Lỡ yêu một người lừa đảo thì không có gì liên quan với thông minh hay suy nghĩ lý trí – nó
hoàn toàn là hy vọng.
4. To initiate (v): bắt đầu
We shall initiate urgent discussions with our European partners .
Chúng tôi sẽ bắt đầu những cuộc thảo luận gấp với đối tác Châu Âu.
5. To cast a glance at sb/sth (phrase): liếc nhìn ai đó/cái gì đó.
She cast a glance at her watch.
Cô ấy liếc mắt nhìn đồng hồ.
6. To keep eyes glued to screen (phrase): dán mắt vào màn hình
You can see many train commuters in S.Korea keep their eyes glued to their phone screens
on board.
Bạn có thể thấy rất nhiều người đi tàu ở :àn Quốc dán mắt vào màn hình điện thoại.
7. Chemistry (n): hợp
Finding out that there was chemistry between them, they decided to break up.
Nhận thấy rằng không hợp nhau, họ quyết định chia t ay.

42. Describe a person who is good at his/her job
Who
What his/ her job is

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How he/ she likes the job
Explain why
(Who) For this cue card, I would to tell you about my English teacher, Jason, for whom I
have a huge amount of admiration for his work. I got to know him when I registered on
an online IELTS class to study in the US.
(What his/ her job is) Well, he told me he has been an English teacher since he graduated
from university, which is almost 7 years until now.
(How he/ she likes the jobs) Jason is a really amazing teacher. He always tailors his
teaching styles to help the transmission of knowledge to students be m ore efficient and
lively. Hardly ever did I see a moment when he lost his temper during studying. I have to
admit that Hason really loves his job, and he said he’d be an English teacher even if when
he is retired. To be honest, I was quite taken aback by t his comment. I always get a feeling
somewhere between admiration and sympathy for teachers who dedicate almost every
aspect of their life to their work.
(Explain why) I believe that Jason loves to socialize with different people, which is why he
is passio nate about his job. Moreover, his work and his life are intimately linked, and if
Jason wants to lead a good life, this is almost synonymous with him being a good teacher.
1. Admiration (noun): Sự mến mộ
Example: My admiration for that woman grows daily.
2. Teaching styles (noun): Phương pháp giảng dạy
Example: You should have different teaching styles based on the students.
3. Transmission of knowledge: Truyền đạt kiến thức.
Example: Teachers these days can use the Internet to help the transmission of knowled ge
be more efficient.
4. Lose one’s temper (verb): Tức giận
Example: He lost his temper and shouted at me.
5. To be taken aback (phrasal verb): Ngạc nhiên
Example: I was a little taken aback at the directness of the question.
6. Passionate (adjective): Đam mê Hoe is passionate about baseball.

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43. Describe an interesting conversation with a stranger
Who this person was
What the conversation was about
Why you had this conversation
How you felt about it

(Who this person was) Well, =’m going to tell you a moment when = had a chat with a
woman selling beverages during my very first trip to Bangkok, Thailand. It just happened
2 months ago I can still remember it quite well.
(What the conversation was about) I was just an 18 -yea r-old boy back then, and I was
unable to find my way to the Bus Station where I was about to hop on a bus and go to
Pattaya. :owever, Google Maps wasn’t as popular as it is nowadays, so the only way =
could figure out the way was by asking a local . Luckily , there was a lady who was selling
beverages at a food cart near where I was standing. I resorted to asking the lady if she
would be so kind as to tell me the way to the Bus Station and she kindly replied by pointing
to a building across the road and sayin g ’it’s over there’. Without her help, = could not
possibly have completed my trip in Thailand.
(Why you had this conversation) I was talking to my friend in Vietnamese that moment,
and suddenly she replied to me in Vietnamese. It turned out that she was also from
Vietnam. And then, I decided to sit down and order a drink from the old lady and have a
chat with her. So we ended up chatting for ages about our lives and about how and why
we had come to Bangkok.
(How you felt about it) Well, I just simply fou nd the conversation so enjoyable and
inspiring since the lady was such a gentle women. Despite having quite a tough life, she
still had such a nice personality to overcome her struggles .

1. Find one’s way: Tìm đường.
Example: He was an expert at finding h is way, even in strange surroundings.
2. Local (adjective): Người bản địa.
Example: You should talk to the locals to make new friends.

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3. Resort to (verb): Làm 1 điều gì đó mà mình không muốn vì không còn cách nào khác.
Example: I had to resort to violence/th reats to get my money.
4. Gentle (adjective): Tử tế
Example: He's very gentle with his kids.
5. Tough (adjective): Khó khăn
Example: You have to be tough to be successful in politics.
6. Struggle (noun): Khó khăn
Example: It was a terrible struggle for him to accept her death.

44. Describe a place not your home where you read and write
You should say
• Where it is
• How often you go there
• Who you go there with
And explain how you feel about this place (Where):
I would like to tell you about my favorite coffee shop where I usually visit to engross
myself in reading and writing, which is called Cong Caphe. It is one of the most well -
known coffee shops in town with many stores around the city, but I really love the
one located at Ly Tu Trong Street, which offers a great view of the Notre -Dame
Cathedral Basilica of Saigon.
(How often you go there):
I would have to say that I go to the coff ee shop on a daily basis not only because of
their tasty and affordable coconut -milk coffee but also their cozy atmosphere.
During the time I have to study for my exams, this coffee shop is like my second
home since I usually have to put up with noise poll ution in my neighborhood where
I am living. (Who you go there with):
I have a friend who lives near the coffee shop; therefore, he is usually my companion
whenever I visit this place. Similarly, my friends are also in favor of the coffee shop

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and its choi ce of drinks, so it is always our top priority place to hang out. I even have
a membership of the coffee shop, which offers many special drinks and promotions .
And explain how you feel about this place
Well, I have to say that this coffee shop is definit ely one of my favorite places to go
in town. When I first entered the coffee shop, I was truly blown away with its design
and atmosphere. I would highly recommend this place for those who need a
tranquil environment to study and work.

Part 3 questions:
Which is more important, reading or writing?
Well, I believe that both reading and writing play an important role in academic
work and study. While reading gives you ideas and widens your horizons , writing is
when you jot down what you have acquired from reading. For example, after
reading a book, I usually write down what I have read and remembered, which acts
as a recap , so I can have a better understanding of the book. If a person lacks either
of the two, they may find it difficult to speak their minds .
Who needs to have good writing skills?
Personally, I believe that some professions such as content creator or writers
should have competent writing skills. They are people who mainly represent the
image of themselves or their organizations, and having g ood writing skills could
bring numerous benefits to them. For example, if a writer has an attractive writing
style, his books are more likely to be sold out faster than those of other writers.
Where can people get more information, words or pictures?
For me, I can acquire more information from pictures. People usually say that a
picture is worth a thousand words and I believe it is true. For example, if a kid sees
a lively picture, he or she can easily convey the information in that picture, which
also boosts their creativity compared to dull books full of words. When reading a
book, some people can find it hard to digest.

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VOCABULARY FROM BOOKS AND FILMS
• To engross in
Meaning: to completely focus on one thing
Example: What is it about Harry Potte r that so engrosses children?
OTHER VOCABULARY:
• Well -known
Meaning: known or recognized by many people
Example: The restaurant is well known for its friendly atmosphere and excellent
service.
• To put up with
Meaning: to accept or continue to accept an unpleasant situation or experience, or
someone who behaves unpleasantly
Example: I can put up with the house being messy, but I hate it if it's not clean.
• Neighborhood
Meaning: the area of a town that surround s someone's home, or the people who
live in this area
Example: There were lots of kids in my neighborhood when I was growing up.
• Promotion
Meaning: activities to advertise something
Example: There was a promotion in the supermarket and they were giving away
free glasses of wine.
• To be blown away
Meaning: To be surprised so much
Example: Winning first prize and a full scholarship blew her away .
• Tranquil
Meaning: calm and peaceful and without noise, violence, worry, etc.
Example: The hotel is in a tranquil rural setting.
• Widen one’s horizons

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Meaning: to increase the range of things that someone knows about or has
experienced
Example: Travelling certainly widens your horizons .
• Recap
Meaning: a brief description of the main poin ts of something that has been
discussed that someone gives at the end of a meeting or talk
Example: Here's a recap of the week's most hotly debated news items.
• Speak one’s minds
Meaning: to say what you think about something very directly Example:
He's certainly not afraid to speak his mind .
• Competent
Meaning: Having the skills or knowledge to do something well enough to meet a
basic standard
Example: All we want is someone competent to manage the staff.
• A picture is worth a thousand words
Meaning: used to say that it is often easier to show something in a picture than to
describe it with words
Example: The manager asked the team to add more graphics for the presentation
because a picture is worth a thousand words .
• Lively
Meaning: full of energy and enthusiasm; interesting and exciting
Example: There was some lively discussion at the meet ing.
• Dull
Meaning: not interesting or exciting in any way
Example: I find his art rather dull and conventional.

45. Describe a time you do not tell your friend the truth

You should say

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• What happened
• Why you did not tell the truth
• Who you did no t tell the truth to
And explain how you feel about it (What
happened):
Well, = have to say that = am not used to telling lies, =’m not perfect and certainly no
one is. During my high school time, sitting exams were really nerve -racking which
drove me crazy sometimes. However, there was a time I fell behind with my studies
whe n I got a D in a Chemistry test. Therefore, I was left with no choice but to make
up a story to make my parents believe me.
(Why you did not tell the truth):
I have always been a little boy to my parents, especially my mom, who spoils me a
lot. In order to live up to my parent’s expectations , I have to study under a lot of
pressure to make them proud. I still remember sitting the Chemistry exam and I felt
that I was going to fail this test. The moment I received the test result from my
teacher, I was real ly anxious. Therefore, I had to tell a lie to my parents so that I
could avoid being punished and letting my parents down .
(Who you did not tell the truth to):
It was my parents to whom I lied. Having known the result, I came home with a
nervous look on my face. I informed my parents of my test results immediately.
Surprisingly, they believed me without any suspicion . However, my school texted
my mother the resul ts and they knew that they had been fooled by me. As a result,
I got detention for 1 week and of course, = wasn’t allowed to use my mobile phone.
And explain how you feel about it
My parents were obviously pissed off when I lied to them. Seeing how the y reacted
to my testing result, I just wished that I had not told them a falsehood .
Part 3 questions:
Do people in your country judge people when they lie?

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Yes, I do think that people will face judgement when they lie to someone.
Vietnamese people usually say “Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice,
shame on me” and I believe it is true. For example, if a company fails to make their
promises to their counterparts, they are less likely to be chosen for the following
projects.
:ow should we tell if it’s a white lie or not?
Well, there are some ways to find out if a person is telling a white lie. Actually, we
can focus on their facial expressions. For example, if a person is telling a white lie,
their eyes will dart back and forth , which indicates that they are feeling
uncomfortable.
Is it acceptable to tell white lies?
➔ I think there are times when it is suitable to tell white lies to other people. It is
the time when they are asking about something that they really lik e, like their
haircut or maybe their new skincare – they think that they are glowing with new
skin care or they are proud of their achievements, but if we are not necessarily
impressed by that, we can tell a white lie in that situation, we don’t have to be
honest with them, = think that’s a suitable time to tell a white lie. When do people
often lie?
➔ There are various reasons why people often lie. However, I think the key reason
why they may tell a falsehood regularly is because they don’t want to disapp oint
other people. For example, I told lie to my friend about her haircut, which was not
great because I was worried that the truth might worsen our relationship.
Why do some people keep telling lies?
Maybe because some people consider telling lies an inconsequential issue;
therefore, it gradually becomes a habit and they just cannot give up on it. For
example, my friend had to lie to her parents about her test results, and day by day,
she was accustomed to lying to other people.
VOCABULARY FROM ED UCATION

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• Sitting exams
Meaning: To take an exam
Example: If my teacher hadn't convinced me to sit for the SAT, I never would have
gotten into college.
• Fall behind with your studies
Meaning: to progress less quickly than others
Example: He was ill for six weeks and fell behind with his schoolwork.
OTHER VOCABULARY
• Nerve -racking
Meaning: difficult to do and causes a lot of worry for the person involved in it
Example: My wedding was the most nerve -racking thing I've ever experienced.
• Left someone with no choice
Meaning: to make someone feel that they must do something Example:
I was left with no choice but to report him.
• To make up something
Meaning: To invent an excuse, a story, etc., often in order to deceive Example:
I was trying to make up a good excuse for being late.
• Spoil
Meaning: To treat someone very or too well, esp ecially by being extremely generous
Example: When I'm feeling miserable I go shopping and spoil myself - a couple of
new dresses always make me feel better.
• Live up to something
Meaning: To be as good as something
Example: The concert was brilliant - it lived up to all our expectations .
• Punish
Meaning: to cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime
to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc.
Example: He punished the class by giving them extra work.

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• Let someone down
Meaning: Fail to support or help someone as they had hoped or expected.
Example: = promised Sophie = would meet her and = can’t let her down .
• Suspicion
Meaning: doubt or lack of trust
Exa mple: Since they discovered the truth about his background, his colleagues have
regarded him with suspicion .
• Detention
Meaning: a form of punishment in which children are made to stay at school for a
short time after classes have ended
Example: She's ha d four detentions this term.
• To be pissed off about something
Meaning: annoyed
Example: She seemed a bit pissed off that she hadn't been invited.
• Falsehood
Meaning: Lying
Example: She doesn't seem to understand the difference between truth and
falsehood .
• “Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me”
Meaning: After being tricked once, one should learn from one's mistakes and avoid
being tricked in the same way again.
• Back and forth
Meaning: Moving first in one direction and then in the opposite one Example:
She swayed gently back and forth to the mus ic.
• Inconsequential
Meaning: Not important
Example: Most of what she said was pretty inconsequential.
• To be accustomed to

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Meaning: Familiar with something
Example: I'm not accustomed to being treated like this


46. Describe a friend or a person who encouraged you to achieve a goal
You should say:
- Who this person was
- What encouragement she/he gave you to achieve your goal
-And explain how you felt about her/him
(Who this person was)
Without doubt, good frie nds are especially important during times of crisis and turbulence.
Today, =’m going to describe a lovely friend, Phuong Chau, who encouraged me to
overcome difficulties to achieve my long -held goal. We have known each other since high
school and maintained this special bond till now. Chau is an energetic, carefree, humble
girl, whose most special traits are a cheerful disposition and unflinching resilience.
(What encouragement she/he gave you to achieve your goal)
I remember ever since high school, I have always dreamed of achieving a prize in the
National Contest for gifted students, yet this is by no means an easy task. Falling short of
my expectation to join the school team for the National Contest, I was elimina ted in the
last round and had to wait for the next year. At that time, Chau was always beside me,
she said things would become brighter and I was strong enough to confront such a
challenge. Therefore, instead of being disappointed and demotivated , I displa yed a firm
commitment to change and try harder. = followed Chau’s advice, seeking assistance for
my essays and language skills. As a result, in grade 12, I improved vastly and won a place
in the school team for the National Contest.
(And explain how you felt about her/him)

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I felt really indebted to her, because when I found myself going through a hard time, my
closest friend never failed to cheer me up and sailed me through both emotional and
academic setbacks. Her sustained belief in my inner strength partly helped me overcome
obstacles, make progress, and seek out opportunities to succeed. Thus, the experience of
achieving that honorable prize was all the more rewarding and meaningful to me, because
I could share it with my beloved friend.

Vocabula ry:

241. turbulence [n]: a state of confusion without any order: sự xáo trộn Eg: The era was
characterized by political and cultural turbulence.
242. disposition [n]: the particular type of character that a person naturally has: tính khí
Eg: She is of a nervou s/cheerful/sunny disposition.
243. unflinching [adj]: not frightened of or not trying to avoid something dangerous or
unpleasant: không chùn bước
Eg: It is a brave and unflinching account of prison life.
244. by no means [expression]: not at all: không hề
Eg: It is by no means certain that we'll finish the project by June.
245. falling short of [expression]: to be less than the amount or standard that is n eeded or
that you want: không đạt tới
Eg: He would sack any of his staff who fell short of his high standards.
246. demotivate [v]: to make someone less enthusiastic about sth: làm nhụt chí Eg: She
was very demotivated by being told she had little chance of being promoted.
247. vastly [adv]: very much: rất nhiều
Eg: Assessing the larger numbers of women suffering severe maternal morbidity would
vastly increase their workload.
248. indebted to [adj]: grateful because of help given: biết ơn Eg: We're deeply indebted
to you for your help.
249. setback [n]: something that happens that delays or prevents a process from
developing: sự trở ngại

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Eg: There has been a slight/temporary setback in our plans.
250. honorable [adj]: bringing or worthy of honor: danh dự
Eg: Military service was considered an honorable career choice.

47. Describe a special day that made you happy
When
Who
What
Explain why
(When) I would like to talk about a special day when I received an amount of money from
my university, which is possibly one of the happiest events in my entire life. It was only 2
months ago and I still remember that day rather clearly.
(Who) It was the princi pal of my university who awarded the money to me. To be honest,
= didn’t expect him to give us a lot of money since my school was on a tight budget to help
unprivileged students. The moment I got announcement from my head teacher, I was
over the moon .
(W hat) After completing an English Test competition with flying colors , I was rewarded an
amount of 2 million VND. I consider myself a competitive person; therefore, I always try
my best in every single English competition. I still remember the moment of the principal
walking into my class and giving me a handshake. Then, he gave me a small envelope and
a certificate. While returning home, I found myself flying in joy .
(Why) To be honest, I have never received such a huge amount of money in my entire life,
and what happened that day just really made it a once -in-a-life -time experience.
1. On a tight budget (expression): Thắt chặt chi tiêu, tiết kiệm. Example: =t is important that
we travel on a tight budget.
2. Over the moon (idiom): :ạnh phúc.
Example: She was over the moon when her boyfriend proposed marriage to her.
3. Flying colors (expres sion): Điểm số cao.
Example: He made his parents proud by passing the test with flying colors.
4. Flying in joy (expression): Ngập tràn trong niềm vui.

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Example: They found themselves flying in joy when their son got admitted to FTU.
5. Once -in-a-life -time (a djective): Có 1 lần duy nhất trên đời.
Example: We have a once -in-a-lifetime test, the number plate test, and it is not even a very
good one.

48. Describe a person who often travels by plane
Who he/ she is
Where he or she goes
Why he or she travels by plane
And how he/ she feels about it
(Who he/ she is) I think this person would probably be my brother, who works as an
engineer for a multinational corporation. Due to his work, he has to travel by air on a
regular basis.
(Where he or she goes) His company has some important clients around Southeast Asia,
namely Singapore, Cambodia,… or even in Europe. :e is usually on a business trip to meet
clients, attend meetings and tackle some pressing problems.
(Why he or she travels by plane ) Well, I think the main reason why he opts for travelling
by plane so often is that it helps him save time and he is able to finish his work with a high
level of efficiency, compared to trains or night buses which might bring him a sense of
discomfort . H e even told me sometimes he got the chance to fly on a 5 -star airline with
such a good bargain .
(And how he/ she feels about it) He obviously really enjoys the service on the plane
compared to other means of transportation. Every flight is always accompa nied with an
in-flight meal and water. He told me that the hospitality of flight attendants always brings
him a sense of comfort and relaxation when travelling between countries. However,
sometimes he also suffers from jet lag on long -haul flights and turb ulence when the plane
is flying through bad weather areas.
1. Business trip (noun): Chuyến công tác
I will have a business trip to the UK for 2 weeks.
2. Opt for something (verb): Lựa chọn Mike opted for early retirement.

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3. Discomfort (noun): Không thoải má i, sự bất tiện.
You may feel a little discomfort for a few days after the operation.
4. Bargain (noun): Gía rẻ.
This shirt was half -price - a real bargain.
5. To be accompanied with something (verb): Đi kèm với cái gì đó. The course books are
accompanied by four CDs.
6. :ospitality (noun): Lòng mến khách
The local people showed me great hospitality.
7. Het lag (noun): Sự mệt mỏi bởi 1 chuyến bay dài do sự lệch múi giờ.
When traveling on business, schedule in some time to allow yourself to get over the effects
of jet lag.
8. Turbulence (noun): Nhiễu loạn không khí
There were 4 people who got injured because of heavy turbulence on the flight last night
to Osaka.

49. Desc ribe a leisure activity you do with your family
You should say
• What it is
• When you do it
• Where you do it
And explain how you feel about it (What
it is):
My family is really fancy at cooking since we always think it is better to have
homecooked food , and we usually have big feasts on the weekends. However, I
would like to talk about the time when my family gathered to make Chung cake for
the Tet holiday. (When you do it)
The Lunar New Year, or Tet, is a very special traditional holiday in my country. It was
probably my most favorite holiday when I was a small boy as my family did a lot of
activities to celebrate this occasion. Among them, making Chung cake made me

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excited the most. Traditionally, we always make Chung Cake 2 days prior to Lunar
New Year.
(Where you do it)
We have a big yard behind our house, and it is where Chung Cake is made, from
preparing ingredients, to shaping the cake to cook it. I still remember helping my
parents prepare the ingredients for the cake while my older brother was in charge
of shaping the cake. And then, my father lit a small fire to boil the cake overnight. It
was perhaps the only time of the year when I was allowed to stay up late.
(And explai n how you feel about it)
In recent years, my family has not had enough time for making Chung cake on our
own. However, to me, a ready – made Chung cake that we buy from a local market
cannot bring the same special feelings and replace the taste of a Chung cake from
my childhood. I hope that my family can continue our tradition in the coming years.
Part 3 questions:
Do men and women enjoy the same leisure activities?
= don’t think so. = believe that men and women are born with distinct
characterist ics and personalities; therefore, their choices of leisure activities might
also differ from each other. For example, while men have a tendency to be involved
in sporty activities, women prefer shopping or eating with their friends to playing
sports.
What types of leisure activities are popular in your country?
Well, there is certainly a wide variety of hobbies in my country. Though I think the
most popular would be traveling. And the explanation for this could be that people
can take it easy after a long hard working week. For example, a getaway from the
hustle and bustle of city life to coastal cities on weekends can help people relieve
stress.
Why is it important for people to have time for leisure activities?

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Obviously, spending time on leisure activities plays an important role in shaping
people’s state of health. =t helps us recharge our energy after a nerve -racking day,
avoid being overloaded . For example, reading books when you have free time helps
you become a well -rounded person and let off some steam after working under a
lot of pressure.
Why are some activities more popular than others?
It is quite natural that people would prefer some sorts of leisure activities than
others. I believe that the history and socio -cultural background of a nation influence
the type of leisure activities people do. For example, teenagers in some Asian
countries often make kites and fly them while this is not the case in many western
countries.
Are there types of leisure activities that are a s popular today as those that were
popular when your parents were young?
No, as time has gone on, the popularities of different leisure activities have also
changed. For example, when our parents were young, activities like watching
TV/movies, visiting some popular cafés/restaurants and visiting families/relatives
were more popular. But, today, activities like visiting a gym nearby, shopping, and
playing video games have grown equally popular because of technological
advancements as well as increasing he alth and fashion awareness.
VOCABULARY FROM FOOD
• Home -cooked food
Meaning: Food cooked at home from individual ingredients
Example: The menu offers a range of home -cooked meals, from hearty soups to
stacked sandwiches to sizzling steaks.OTHER VOCABULARY
• Fancy
Meaning: Like
Example: I didn't fancy swimming in that water.
• Feast

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Meaning: A special meal with very good food or a large meal for many people
Example: We had a feast of fresh seafood.
• Prior to
Meaning: Existing or happening before something else, or before a particular time
Example: They had to refuse the dinner invitation because of a prior engagement.
• Stay up
Meaning: To go to bed later than usual
Example: We stayed up (late) to watch a film.
• Ready -made
Meaning: Bought or found in a finished form and available to use immediately
Example: = didn’t sew the curtains – they came ready -made .
• Distinct
Meaning: Clearly separate and different (from something else)
Example: The two concepts are quite distinct (from each other).
• Take it easy
Meaning: Rest, relax, or be calm
Example: You’d better take it easy until you feel better.
• A getaway
Meaning: A vacation
Example: Let’s make a getaway to an island.
• Hustle and bustle
Meaning: Busy and frenetic activity or excitement.
Example: I love living among the hustle and bustle of the city.
• Relieve
Meaning: To improve an unpleasant situation
Example: New toll roads could help relieve congestion on other routes.
• Nerve -racking
Meaning: difficult to do and causes a lot of worry for the person involved in it
Example: My wedding was the most nerve -racking thing I've ever experienced.

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• Overloaded
Meaning: To give someone more work or problems than they can deal with
Example: Try not to overload yourself with work.
• Well -rounded
Meaning: Involving or having experience in a wide range of ideas or activities
Example: The article is well rounded and is fair to both sides of the dispute.
• Let off steam
Meaning: To do or say something that helps you to get rid of strong feeling s or
energy Example: She jogs after work to let off steam .
• Socio -cultural
Meaning: Related to the different groups of people in society and their habits,
traditions, and beliefs
Example: A good doctor has the ability to relate to the sociocultural backg round of
his or her patients.

50. Describe a situation when you celebrate your achievement
You should say:
What you did
When and where you celebrated it
Who you celebrated it with
And how you felt about it

(What you did)
=’m going to describe an occasion on which = celebrated my small achievement. = worked
so diligently for an international organization for a duration of 2 months and received a
substantial amount of salary. At that time, I was just 16, so receiving this wa s really
rewarding and I wanted to share it with my beloved ones.

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(When and where you celebrated it)
The celebration was in a small, cozy Italian restaurant, which creates a pleasurable
atmosphere for its customers. That day was in mid -October, so the weather was quite
chilly, yet suitable for such an intimate gathering. Well, the restaurant that I had carefully
chosen is particularly renown ed for quality pizza, flavorful pasta and unique beverages
and more importantly, its view overlooks the sea. Actually, I had to reserve the table for
1 week in advance, as the tables in this special place are always full.
(Who you celebrated it with)
I decided to treat my whole family to a dinner at a famous restaurant with my very first
salary. The dinner included my grandparents, parents and what made me happy the most
about it was the very presence of my sister, who had just come back from a one -year
exchange study program in Portugal. She tried her best to arrange time to fly back to join
in my celebration, so I felt extremely grateful.
(And how you felt about it)
This small celebration means a lot to me, as it not only marked my little accomplish ment,
but it was also a family reunion . We had a whale of time at the restaurant with
extraordinary dishes and professional service, which pleased every member. I realize that
family bonds, after all, are such an irreplaceable treasure for each person. Esp ecially in
this day and age, when technology seems to overwhelm our interaction and attention to
others, quality time with your own flesh and blood to celebrate something is all the more
important.

Vocabulary:

1. diligently [adv]: in a way that is careful and uses a lot of effort: một cách tận tụy
2. Eg: He worked diligently to prepare himself for this three -week tournament.

3. substantial [adj]: large in size, value, or importance: đáng kể

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4. Eg: The findings show a substa ntial difference between the opinions of men and
women.
5. cozy [adj]: warm, comfortable and safe, especially because of being small or confined:
ấm cúng
6. Eg: We sit in this cozy little room every Christmas.
7. (be) renowned for sth [expression]: be famous for sth: nổi tiếng về
8. Eg: Lan is renowned for her English proficiency.
9. reserve [v]: to ask for a seat, table, room, etc. to be available for you or somebody else
at a future time: đặt trước
10. Eg: I'd like to reserve a table for t hree for eight o'clock.
11. grateful [adj]: feeling or showing thanks because somebody has done something kind
for you or has done as you asked: biết ơn
12. Eg: I am extremely grateful to all the teachers for their help.
13. family reunion [expression]: the act o f family members coming together after they
have been apart for some time: sự hội ngộ gia đình
14. Eg: Family reunions are quite a common sight at the airport.
15. have a whale of a time [expression]: to enjoy yourself very much: cảm thấy vui vẻ
16. Eg: We had a whale of time at the meeting yesterday.
17. irreplaceable [adj]: too valuable or special to be replaced: không thể thay thế
18. Eg: These pictures are irreplaceable to Jessie.
19. all the more [expression]: even more than before: càng
20. Eg: Several publishers rejected her book, but that just made her all the more
determined.

51. Describe a time when you first met someone
- Who that person was
- Where you met him/her
- What you talked about

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- How you felt about it
(Who this person is) To day, I would like to share with you about a time I first met one of
my best Singaporean friends - Wenxin. She’s a 17 -year old Singaporean student who
studies 3 core subjects: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. However, an abiding
passion for environmental science gave her the incentive to take Geography along with
the aforementioned 3 subjects in preparation for her entrance exam for the School of
Design and Environment of the National University of Singapore.
(Where you met him/her) We were on the same trip called Temasek Overseas Outreach
Programme in order to teach English to the children and helped concrete a school yard in
Ben Tre province, Vietnam. Wenxin and I were in the same group, which meant that we
joined hands to prepare and deliver the less ons.
(What you talked about) Our first talk took place when we stopped over at a rest stop en
route to Ben Tre from Ho Chi Minh city. We talked a lot about school stuff since we were
both students. Hardly would I expect an Asian student to study Geography as it is not
deemed a promising subject like Maths or Science, therefore it really did come as a
surprise to me that she turned out to be a Geography student.
(How you felt about it) Never will I forget that first meeting of mine with Wenxin because
I found out I had a lot more things in common than expected. Also, she was one of the
most outgoing and friendly people =’d ever met.
1. Abiding (adj): vĩnh cửu
My abiding memory is of him in the garden .
Kỷ niệm vĩnh cửu của tôi l à hình ảnh anh ấy trong khu vườn.
2. Join hands (phrase): cùng chung làm việc gì đó
This folk dance begins with everyone joining hands to form a circle .
3. En route to (phrase): trên đường tới

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He stopped in Turkey en rout e to Geneva.
Anh ấy dừng lại ở Thổ Nhĩ Kì trên đường tới Geneva.
4. To come as a/no surprise (phrase): (không) gây bất ngờ The news will come as no
surprise to his colleagues.
Cái tin này sẽ không gây bất ngờ với đồng nghiệp anh ấy.
5. To have things in co mmon (phrase): có chung cái gì đó We don't really have much in
common .
Chúng tôi không có nhiều điểm chung

52. Describe a new public building in your place
You should say: where the place is how you get there
what it looks like and explain why you like this place
and often go there.
(Where):
=’m going to tell you about a new skyscraper located at the heart of Ho Chi Minh
City, which is called Landmark 81, and it’s currently the highest building in Southeast
Asia, with 81 floors. I actually got to know this building when I moved to Ho Chi
Minh City for my university life.
(How you get there):
It is very accessible to get to the building since public trans port is always available.
I usually take bus, which drops me off directly at the building.
(What it looks like)

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The bottom half of the tower is filled with shopping malls and advanced types of
entertainment and the top half is offices for lease. The off ices are really high -priced
due to the location and views, which make them very desirable. Not only is it one
of the highest skyscrapers in the city but it also possesses an eye -catching
architectural design, which is likely to absorb any one’s attention. The original
design of this tower is inspired by bamboo trees, which symbolizes the solidarity
and strength of the Vietnamese people.
(and explain why you like this place and often go there)
I have definitely fallen for the design of this tower since it absolutely stands out.
Recently, it has become a famous landmark in the city. Moreover, meeting friends
is just a piece of cake thanks to its exotic appearance. Especially, there are lively
bars, restaurants on the 77th f loor, which will give you a magnificent view as there
are no walls, so you can enjoy the city in any direction. I would highly recommend
anyone who visits this tower to go there and give it a try.
VOCABULARY FROM TOWN AND CITY
• Public transport
Meaning: public vehicles such as buses and trains that operate at regular times on
fixed routes
Example: Greater investment in public transport would keep more cars off the
roads.
• Shopping malls
Meaning: large indoor shopping centres
Example: A shopping mall is no longer just a place to go to buy something, it’s a
community and entertainment center.

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• Lively bars, restaurants
Meaning: Bars or restaurants with a good atmosphere
Example: Bui Vien Street has many lively bars, restaurants .
VOCABULARY FROM RELATIONSHIP
• To fall for
OTHER VOCABULARY:
• Skyscraper
Meaning: a very tall modern building, usually in a city
Example: Building a skyscraper can take years to complete.
• High -priced
Meaning: expensive
Example: Apartments in District 2 are really high -priced , which is why there are
many wealthy people living there.
• Eye -catching
Meaning: Very attractive or noticeable
Example: The design of this dress is very eye -catching .
• Landmark
Meaning: a building or place that is easily recognized, especially one that you can
use to judge where you are
Example: The Statue of Liberty in New York is a famous landmark .
• Magnificent

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Meaning: very good, beautiful, or deserving to be admired
Exampl e: The view from the top of the building is magnificent .

53. Describe a time you were sleepy but had to stay awake
You should say
• When it was
• Why you had to stay awake
• How you kept yourself awake
And explain how you felt about it (When):
I consider myself a night owl ; therefore, having a white night is not a rare
experience for me. Today, I would like to talk about a night I had to stay awake all
night to cook home -cooked food, specifically Chung Cake for Lunar New Year.
(Why you had to stay awake) :
You probably know that Tet or Lunar New Year is o ne of the biggest festivals in
Vietnam. There are a lot of activities taking place before the Lunar New Year, and
making Chung Cake is one of them, which excites me the most. However, the
process of making Chung cake is time -consuming and requires the cont ribution of
several people. It takes up to 12 hours for the cake to be cooked. Therefore, I and
my cousins had to spend the whole night watching the cake.
(How you kept yourself awake) :
In order not to fall asleep while waiting for the Chung Cake to be c ooked, I actually
drank a cup of Vietnamese black -iced coffee, which was a savior to keep me being
conscious for the whole night. Moreover, my cousins also spent a white night with
me, and we kept talking until dawn.
And explain how you felt about it
Aft er the cake had been cooked, I became immediately worn out and just wanted
to hit the bed as quick as possible. I had to say that I slept like a rock after having a

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white night. However, it was a memorable experience for me to recall the
traditional activi ties of Tet and have an opportunity to bond with family members.
Part 3 questions:
What are some advantages of getting enough sleep?
Obviously, getting enough sleep plays an important role in shaping people’s
health. It helps us recharge our energy after a nerve -racking day, avoid being
overloaded . For example, an 8 hour sleep is believed to help people work efficiently
and boost their productivity. =f people don’t get enough sleep, they can find it
difficult to concentrate on their tasks.
How people in your country keep track of their sleep?
I believe that in this day and age, people in my country can take advantage of
cutting -edge devices to be aware of their sleep. Such applications have been
invented to analyze their sleep patterns and even give them some
recommendations such as listening t o the ocean waves or rain drops which helps
them sleep better. If it were not for those applications, they might not know what
problems they are facing.
How do you avoid falling asleep when you are at a meeting?
I think that the key factor which ke eps people awake at a meeting is that they
should go to bed earlier than usual, or the tiredness because of insufficient sleep
will drain their energy the next day. Moreover, caffeine may also be another option
to help people avoid nodding off at the meeti ng. For example, I usually drink a cup
of coffee before going to work, which keeps me conscious all day.
VOCABULARY FROM FOOD
• home -cooked food
Meaning: Food cooked at home from individual ingredients
Example: The menu offers a range of home -cooked meal s, from hearty soups to
stacked sandwiches to sizzling steaks.
OTHER VOCABULARY

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• A night owl
Meaning: A person who prefers to be awake and active at night
Example: My wife's a night owl , but I like to be in bed by 10 o'clock.
• A white night
Meaning: A sleepless night.
Example: I had a white night because of stomachache
• Time -consuming
Meaning: Takes a lot of time to do
Example: Producing a dictionary is a very time -consuming job.
• To fall asleep
Meaning: To begin sleeping
Example: I'd be tter get out before I fall asleep.
• Conscious
Meaning: Awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you Example:
He's still conscious but he's very badly injured.
• Worn out
Meaning: Extremely tired
Example: They were worn out after their long w alk.
• Sleep like a rock
Meaning: To experience a very deep and restful sleep; to sleep soundly.
Example: I have to set numerous alarms for the morning because I sleep like a rock
every night!
• Nerve -racking
Meaning: difficult to do and causes a lot of w orry for the person involved in it
Example: My wedding was the most nerve -racking thing I've ever experienced.
• Overload
Meaning: To give someone more work or problems than they can deal with
Example: Try not to overload yourself with work.
• Analyze

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Meaning: To examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors,
possible results
Example: In the article, several experienced diplomats analyzed the president’s
foreign policy.
• Drain (someone or something) of (something)
Meaning: To cause someone or something to lose some ability or quality, often
energy.
Example: Eleanor has such a pessimistic attitude tha t being around her just drains
me of energy.
• Nod off
Meaning: To begin sleeping, especially not intentionally
Example: After our busy day, we both sat and nodded off in front of the TV.

54. Describe clothes you wear on special occasions
You should say:
- What they are
- Where you buy them
- Why you wear them
- And what people think about them
(What they are)
Most of the time, I prefer to dress in clothes which are comfortable, and in which I f eel at
ease . For the majority of special occasions, therefore, I like to wear smart but casual
trousers, white blouses and sometimes a jacket. From time to time , when the social event
I attend requires a higher level of formality, suits and formal shoes w ould be indispensable
items for my overall appearance.
(Where you buy them)

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Well, most of my casual clothes, even the smart ones, come from markets and common
fashion brands , like Zara or H&M, because they are relatively affordable . However, I do
set higher standards for my formal clothes, especially in terms of the materials. The refore,
I occasionally buy some quality white blouses from a first -class fashion brand . I have
sometimes bought clothes online for special occasions, but I prefer to try them on and also
to see the quality for myself. I have to admit that I also like the wide range of choice in the
shops.
(Why you wear them)
Actually, I prefer the combination of a blouse and formal trousers to wearing a dress or
trying to keep up with the latest fashions , for a number of reasons, one of which is
probably my character. De spite being a girl, I am more into comfortable clothes and find
wearing dresses or skirts fairly uncomfortable. Besides, a white blouse is suitable for
people of any age or gender and almost all occasions. Normally, formal clothes would make
you look more mature, but a combination of a white blouse with trousers still gives you a
smart yet youthful look.
(And what people think about them)
All of my family members really like to see me wearing formal clothes, as the outfit helps
to add a few years to my ch ildlike features. For others, I think this look is perfectly suitable,
because it shows my politeness and respect for the events I am involved in. However, I
think that my friends prefer me in elegant, feminine dresses, as a girl in a white blouse may
not really impress others. I prefer to dismiss these traditional ideas . Provided that I dress
smartly for special occasions, I like to choose clothes to please myself, rather than wear
the clothes that others would choose if they were me.

Vocabulary:

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Cá c từ thuộc chủ đề Traditional vs Modern:
1. to dismiss traditional ideas
Meaning: to decide that traditional ideas are not important and not worth considering
anymore.
Example: We should not dismiss traditional ideas without considering them carefully.
Vocabulary:
• at ease [expression]: relaxed and comfortable
Eg: From the moment that I entered the friendly atmosphere of the classroom, I felt
completely at ease.
• from time to time [expression]: sometimes, but not regularly: thỉnh thoảng Eg: :uy
still thinks of his ex -girlfr iend from time to time .
• indispensable [adjective]: something or someone that is indispensable is so good or
important that you could not manage without it, him, or her: không thể thiếu được
Eg: This book is an indispensable resource for researchers.
• bran d [noun]: the name of a product produced or sold by a particular company: nhãn
hàng, thương hiệu
Eg: It was to become the leading brand of specialty coffee in North America.
• affordable [adjective]: not expensive: rẻ, giá cả hợp lý
Eg: The shop in town a lways sells nice clothes at affordable prices.
• set (high/low) standards for sth [expression]: set a level of quality that people expect
and generally accept as normal: đặt tiêu chuẩn cao/ thấp cho cái gì

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Eg: Banks in Hong Kong and China are setting higher standards for customer service in call
centres.
• keep up with the latest fashions [expression]: dress in the latest fashion: bắt kịp xu
hướng thời trang
Eg: Jessica always keeps up with the latest fashio ns , which never disappoints her fans.
• suitable [adjective]: appropriate and fitting the occasion
Eg: This hotel has a large play area, so it is suitable for families with young children.
• youthful [adjective]: having the qualities that are typical of you ng people: tươi trẻ, trẻ
trung
Eg: At the time I admired his youthful enthusiasm.
• childlike [adjective]: showing the good qualities that children have, such as trusting
people, being honest and enthusiastic: giống trẻ con (tích cực)
Eg: She has a somewhat childlike innocence surrounding her.
PART 3:
1. What factors do you think affect the clothes we choose to wear?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Well, I think our choices of clothes are largely
decided by circumstances and personal preferences . (Explain your reason or reasons ) On
the one hand, yo ur dress code will be either formal or casual style, depending on the event
you attend. Yet, at the same time, one’s fashion sense or character also play a huge role
in outfit choices. ( Give an example - often a personal example )) For example, on occasions
that require formality, I prefer white shirts and trousers to elegant dresses, as this style is
smart and suits me the most.
2. Is it possible to look good without spending lots of money on clothes?

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(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, possibly ( Exp lain your reason or reasons )
Actually, it is not extravagant items but rather a person’s taste of fashion and other factors
that make himself or herself truly attractive. ( Give an example - often a personal
example )) From my own experience, I have a lot of peers who know how to mix and match
different items of clothing that go well together. Surprisingly, many of their clothes are
even secondhand or real bargains from cheap markets. ( Explain the opposite or
alternative ) However, quality clothes do help im prove one’s overall appearance, so they
are certainly worth the money.
3. Do the fashion shows have an impact on what we are wearing?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Yes, to certain individuals, especially to dedicated
followers of fashion. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) Fashion shows never fail to
introduce and promote the latest fashion trends, from which people can learn, and which
they can adopt themselves, to look more trendy. ( Give an example - often a personal
example )) For myself, although I enjoy watching the latest fashion shows with fabulous
models, clothes from these shows are not really my everyday basic style, and of course
they are more often than not too costly.
4. Do you think have fashion trends are changing constantly?
(Give a direc t answer to the question ) Yes, undoubtedly. ( Explain your reason or reasons )
The fashion industry is an ever -changing industry because of a few external factors,
including seasonal change and the influence of trendsetters , such as fashion designers and
celebrities. Practically, a trend, by definition, doesn’t last. ( Give an example - often a
personal example )) If you fol low this industry minutely, you will understand it’s not only
changing, sometimes old fashion trends also make a comeback, e.g. crop top, boot -cut
jeans, white eye liner. ( Explain the opposite or alternative ) However, some kinds of
clothes are always favor ed, such as jeans or T -shirts. These classics are elegant staples and
styles that rarely change and look good no matter what other “trends” are going on.
5. Do you think people behave differently in different kinds of clothes?

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(Give a direct answer to the q uestion ) Certainly. I once read a quote by Caitlin Moran that
helps express this perfectly, which is: "When a woman says 'I have nothing to wear!' What
she really means is, 'there's nothing here for who I'm supposed to be today.' " ( Explain
your reason or reasons ) We use clothes in connection to the roles we're going to play that
day, the situations and settings we're going to be in, and to express our mood. Therefore,
the clothes we wear do affect not only how we act, but how others act around us. ( Give
an example - often a personal example )) For instance, someone who dressed
immaculately is more likely to attract interest and attention, which in return would make
that person feel more confident.
6. Are people’s ideas about fashion today the same as people’s ideas at previous times?
(Give a direct answer to the question ) Probably no. ( Explain your reason or reasons ) In
comparison , fashion is regarded these days more highly than it once was, and the
definition of trends has also changed considerably. ( Give an example - often a personal
example )). Just simply ask your mother and your grandmother, their concept of fashion
will almost certainly contrast with each other and that of your own, which shows that ideas
about fashion vary from gen eration to generation.
Vocabulary:
• preference [noun]: the fact that you like something or someone more than another
thing or person: sự yêu thích, ưu tiên
Eg: Her preference is for comfortable rather than stylish clothes.
• fashion sense [noun]: the char acteristic of having good judgment of fashion: khiếu
thời trang
Eg: Kath’s fashion sense is always highly regarded.
• extravagant [adjective ]: extreme and unreasonable: đắt đỏ, xa xỉ
Eg: The product does not live up to the extravagant claims of the advert isers.

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• to mix and match [expression]: to combine in a harmonious or interesting way, as
articles of clothing in an ensemble: phối đồ
Eg: Gary likes to mix and match clothes for different events.
• bargain [noun]: something on sale at a lower price than its true value: món hời Eg:
This coat was half -price - a real bargain .
• to promote [verb]: to encourage people to like, buy, use, do, or support something:
khuyến khích, quảng bá
Eg: Advertising companies a re always having to think up new ways to promote products.
• more often than not [expression]: most of the time: thường xuyên
Eg: More often than not , a student will come up with the right answer.
• ever -changing [adjective]: constantly changing or developi ng: luôn luôn thay đổi Eg:
The key to success is adapting to the ever -changing conditions.
• trendsetter [noun]: a person, organization, etc. that starts new fashions, especially in
clothes: người tạo nên xu hướng
Eg: They are not only the biggest fast foo d chain, but also the industry's trendsetter .
• staple [noun]: a company or industry that manufactures and sells important products
and services that people eat or use regularly: mặt hàng thứ yếu
Eg: So -called safe areas in the stock market continue to be consumer staples and drug
companies.
• immaculately [adverb]: extremely neatly and tidily; perfectly:
Eg: The new manager arrived, dressed immaculately in a smart, new suit.

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• in return [expression]: in exchange: đổi lại, đáp trả lại
Eg: Some tenants get rent reductions in return for help managing the building.
• in comparison [expression]: when compared with sth: khi được so sánh với nhau
Eg: I thought I was badly treated but my experi ences pale in comparison with yours.

55. Describe a practical skill you learned

- What the skill was
- Where you learnt it
- How you learnt it
- And explain how useful it was
(what it is) More than 11 years ago, whenever I came across a street pianist, it took me
quite long to take my eyes off him. I was passionate about music, especially the piano.
Luckily, I had the chance to learn the piano from a classically trained pianist who was
wil ling to train me for free as there was a shortage of pianists for the church choir. Without
hesitation, I made up my mind to follow him.
(where you learnt it) As I mentioned previously, I was trained to play the piano for the
choir in my church’s service s. Also, because I did not have the instrument at that time, I
had to learn the piano at the church. Albeit learning at a church, which is supposed to be
a quiet and solemn place, all the sessions were full of laughter because there were also
other fellows trying to play the piano with me.
(how you learnt it) Filled with effervescence , I was eager to play the first notes of my life.
However, things did not go as expected as I started to realise that the piano was a lot
harder than I had thought. Keeping i n mind that the more I played, the better I would
become, however, classical songs again posed a great challenge even when I felt that my
ability to play the instrument was already competent. The thought of giving up sprang to

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my mind but luckily, the trai ner was making lots of effort to keep the fire burning inside
me and I quickly got rid of that negative thought before being back on track.
(and explain how useful it was) I have been learning the piano for more than 10 years.
Yet, I never stop learning new challenging classical songs apart from playing simple songs
for the services so that I can ensure that my skills will not worsen. Indeed, it only took me
around 1 year to play for the services quite confidently and smoothly.
1. To come across sth/someon e: vô tình gặp ai đó/thứ gì đó.
Example: I came across him in the library after work, and we got into a great
conversation about Hemingway.
Tôi vô tình gặp anh ấy trong thư viện sau khi làm và chúng tôi đã có một cuộc nói chuyện
về :emingway.
2. To take someone’s eyes off sth/someone (phrase): đưa mắt ra khỏi ai đó/gì đó.
Example: Ken couldn't take his eyes off Judy.
Ken không thể đưa mắt khỏi Hudy.
3. To make up someone’s mind (idiom): quyết định.
Example: I'm not sure what flavor I want — I'm still making my mind up .
Tôi vẫn chưa chắc là mình muốn vị nào, tôi vẫn đang quyết định.
4. Solemn (adj): trang nghiêm
Example: a solemn procession
Một cuộc diễu hành trang nghiêm
5. Effervescence (n): khí thế, năng lượng. Example: he was filled with such effervescence
Anh ấy tràn đầy năng lượng.

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6. To be competent at something : có khả năng làm việc gì đó tốt.
Example: I wouldn't say he was brilliant but he is competent at his job .
Tôi sẽ không nói là anh ấy quá xuất sắc nhưng anh ấy thự c sự có khả năng làm việc tốt.
7. To spring to someone’s mind (idiom): đập vào đầu ai đó.
Example: Say the word "Australia" and a vis ion of beaches and blue seas
immediately springs to mind .
Mỗi khi ai đó nói về Australia là hình ảnh của biển và đại dương xanh lại đập vô đầu tôi.
8. Keep the fire burning (idiom): giữ cháy ngọn lửa (đam mê).
Example: when I was about to give up on my dream, my parents immediately took actions
to keep the fire burning .
Khi tôi chuẩn bị bỏ cuộc với ước mơ của mình, bố mẹ tôi liền can thiệp và nuôi dưỡng ngọn
lửa đam mê của tôi.
PART 3
1. What is the most practical skill in this modern world?
I would say that the most practical skill in this modern world is technology literacy . It is
pressing that everyone should acquire a good grasp of technology so as not to fall behind
the times and st ay relevant to the whole world’s trends.
2. What kinds of skills are difficult to learn?
Computer skills are probably the hardest to learn. They require a sophisticated brain that
is capable of analysing numbers and digits as well as an ability to remember a process well.
3. What kinds of professions require practical skills?
Technology and arts -related professions usually require practical skills. For example, a
singer needs to train his vocal skills while a programmer needs special computer skills.

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1. Technology literacy (ph rase): khả năng sử dụng công nghệ
Technology literacy is now one of the most important criteria for many jobs.
Khả năng sử dụng công nghệ là một trong những điều kiện rất quan trọng cho nhiều công
việc.
2. To acquire a good grasp of something (phrase): nắm chắc cái gì đó.
He has a good grasp of the issues .
Anh ấy nắm chắc được vấn đề.
3. Fall behind (phrase): thụt lùi
Companies that failed to modernize fell behind quite dramatically .
Những công ty không chịu đổi mới đã thụt lùi khá nhiều.


56. Describe something special you took home from a tourist attraction

You should say:
what it was when and where you went on this
holiday what you did with it after you brought it
home and explain why you think it was something
special.
(What it was)
Let me tell you about the time I visited Nami Island, a place of interest in Seoul,
Korea and took something really important home.
(When and where you went on this holiday)
= visited Seoul for seven days during last year’s autumn with my friends. Alth ough
we tried a lot of delicious food and went sightseeing around the city, I was looking

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forward to the Nami trip the most in order to accomplish a secret mission. I was
lucky to visit the island during its peak of autumn, and there were a lot of maple
leaves on the island. To be honest, it was the first time I have ever seen maple
leaves.
Therefore, I decided to pick some up and brought them home.

(What you did with it after you brought it home)
So, I gave my friends the maple leaves I brought from the Korea trip as a gift, and I
could tell by their faces that they were completely blown away when seeing the
maple leaves despite the fact that their color was faded . Some of my friends even
kept the leaves in their books as a bookmark. (and explain why you think it was
something special)
Visiting Korea in autumn and witnessing maple leaves were a once -in -a-lifetime
experience for me, especially when I am living a tropical country, which means that
seeing real maple leaves in person is almost impossible. That’s all.
VOCABULARY FROM HOLIDAY
• A place of interest
Meaning: Sites of interest to tourists
Example: Cu Chi Tunnel is one of sites of interests in Ho Chi Minh City.
• To go sightseeing
Meaning: To look around the tourist sites
Example: Last year we went to London, and we spent most of the trip going
sightseeing , there was so much to see!
OTHER VOCABULARY:
• Accomplish
Meaning: To finish something successfully or to achieve something
Example: The students accomplished the task in less than ten minutes.
• Peak

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Meaning: Peak levels or rates are when they are at their highest
Example: Traffic congestion is really bad at peak periods
• To be blown away
Meaning: To be surprised so much
Example: Winning first prize and a full scholarship blew her away .
• Fade
Meaning: To (cause to) lose colour, brightness, or strength gradually
Example: If you hang your clothes out in the bright sun, they will fade.
• Once -in -a-lifetime
Meaning: An once -in-a-lifetime experience or opportunity is very special because
you will probably only have it once
Example: A tour of Australia is a once -in -a-lifetime experience.

57. Describe a time when you heard a person talking on the phone in the public places

You should say:
Some people like talking on phones on public transport, what do you think about
this situation?
➔ Well, I do not see any problems with that at all since every now and again we
may receive some urgent calls which need to be answered at once . For example, a
person cannot decline a call from his boss while he is on a bus. I believe that as long
as you have the right attitude towards answering calls in public, then calling or
talking to someone on the phone is not an issue at all.
What are the bad effects of ta lking over the phone in public?
➔ There are some obvious negative sides of talking over the phone in public.
Firstly, some people may talk loudly on the phone, which disturbs other people and
therefore is construed as rude. Secondly, their private informati on might be
revealed because of some eavesdroppers . Thus, I believe everyone should be aware

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of courtesy , which means, everyone needs to consider the people around them
when answering calls.
Why do people always break the rules?
I suppose that peopl e break the rules to fix what is broken inside them which is
known as retaliation or revenge. They don’t even mind breaking the most binding
laws to appease what is broken inside them. For example, some murders have
sustained many forms of excruciating pai ns ranging from emotional to physical.
Therefore, it is only revenge that will fix their pains.
VOCABULARY HIGHLIGHTS:
• Urgent
Meaning: Very important and needing attention immediately
Example: Many people are in urgent need of food and water.
• At once
Meaning: Immediately
Example: You have to call him at once .
• Eavesdroppers
Meaning: A person who listens to someone's private conversation without them
knowing
Example: The country's cellular networks are vulnerable to eavesdroppers .
• Courtesy
Meaning: Polite behaviour, or a polite action or remark
Example: They should teach d rivers to show pedestrians some courtesy .
• Retaliation
Meaning: The act of hurting someone or doing something harmful to someone
because they have done or said something harmful to you
Example: She suffered severe retaliation for writing articles for the newspapers.

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58. Describe a school you went in your childhood
You should say:
Where the school was
When you went there
What the school and the teachers were like
And explain whether you enjoyed your time there
(Where) I went to Chau Thanh high school in my childhood and studied there from
grade 10 to grade 12. I was around 16 years old when I first went to this school and
was there till I turned 18 years old.
(Wh at it was like) The school was a 4 -story building in a U -shape with over 1000
students and more than 40 awesome teachers. In addition, we even have a big hall
room where we used to gather together and gossip with friends. The canteen was
our favorite place where school provided us with snacks and drinks, which were
delicious. There was a large green field where we often played and ran there. I still
remember doing physical exercise every day on that field, which made me sick of
it. (What you learned there) I was really impressed with the way our teachers
treated us and how they expanded our horizons through interesting lessons.
Besides Natural Science and Social Science subjects, we were also provided
extracurricular activities such as art classes or volunte er works. Our teachers
always tailored their teaching styles in order to help the transmission of
knowledge be more efficient and lively.
(How you felt about it) Well, I have to say I really enjoyed the time I spent in the
school. I had many good friends and I liked the environment and teachers there.
Part 3
Q. How are education priorities today different from those in the past?
In a fast -changing world we are in today, education priorities have transformed as
well. In our current society, education opens more opportunities to gain a wider

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skill set that were not offered in the past. For example, colleges and universities
have mo re specific majors or courses as compared before. Education now involves
the use of the modern technology such as computers and other gadgets that were
not present in the past.
Q. What is your opinion on the way languages are taught in schools?
Personally, I think that there should be some adjustments on how students
approach language courses at school. Obviously, at some schools, students and
teachers sole rely on theoretical lessons without focusing on other skills such as
writing or speaking. For example, during my high school years, speaking was not
highly stressed on my school curriculum; as a result, I was a fish out of water in
English conversations with foreign friends.
Q. How can the type of school you go to affect career success?
We ll, I am currently pursuing my bachelor’s degree at a state school , and I think
there are certain aspects which can affect career success. In a state university, there
are fewer chances for students to connect with alumni compared to private school .
If a s chool has enthusiastic alumni, they can help students find internships or even
jobs.
Q. What changes do you think will happen in the classroom in the near future? I
believe that there will be some significant changes in the classroom related to
technolo gy. Teachers may not need to travel back and forth to impart knowledge
to their students. For example, in this day and age, students can attend classes
regardless of distance to widen their horizons, which are more accessible than
traditional classes.
Q. What important lessons can we learn from schools?
Obviously, besides helping students become well -rounded people, schools also
shape their personalities. At schools, they are taught how to solve problems by
themselves, or to work efficiently as a group. For example, thanks to my time at

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university, I have become mature and financially independent. If it were not for
schools, I would not have the chance to expand my horizons.
VOCABULARY FROM EDUCATION
• Bachelor degree
Meaning: An undergraduate course w hich usually lasts 3 -4 years
Example: He is studying for his bachelor degree at a prestigious university.
• State school
Meaning: A school paid for by public funds and available to the general public
Example: You should go to state school because it is be more affordable than
private one.
• Private school
Meaning: Exclusive independent schools in the UK
Example: Almost all of the rich, able students attend the elite private school .
• Attend classes
Meaning: To go to classes
Example: You should attend classes every day to keep up with your studies

OTHER VOCABULARY
• To be sick of something
Meaning: To have experienced too much of someone or something with the result
that you are annoyed
Example: =’m sick of him whining about money.
• Expand someone’s horizons (expression): Mở mang tầm nhìn, hiểu biết của ai đó.
Meaning: Meaning: to increase the range of things that someone knows about or
has experienced
Example: Travelling certainly expands your horizons .

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• Extra -curricular activity
Meaning: An extracurricular activity or subject is not part of the usual school or
college course.
Example: Popular extracurricular activities include pottery, chess, choir, tennis, and
swimming.
• Teaching styles
Meaning: The way teachers impart knowledg e to students.
Example: You should have different teaching styles based on students.
• Efficient
Meaning: Working or operating quickly and effectively in an organized way
Example: Modern -day engines are so much more efficient .
• Lively
Meaning: Full of energy and enthusiasm; interesting and exciting
Example: It's hard work teaching a class of lively children.
• A fish out of water
Meaning: Someone who is uncomfortable in a specific situation
Example: I felt like a fish out of water at my new school.
• Alumni
Meaning: A graduate or former student, especially a male one, of a particular
school, college, or university.
Example: He in vited all the alumni of the library staff to the party.

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• Internship
Meaning: A period of time during which a student works for a company or
organization in order to get experience of a particular type of work
Example: The business students often do an in ternship during their long vacation in
e-commerce companies.
• Back and forth
Meaning: Moving first in one direction and then in the opposite one Example:
She swayed gently back and forth to the music.
• Well -rounded
Meaning: Involving or having experience in a wide range of ideas or activities
Example: The article is well rounded and is fair to both sides of the dispute.
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