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Master
IELTS
Essays
Course
Materials &
Supplements

For Academic and
General Training
Candidates
Ebrahim Tahas soni
Cert TESOL, Academic IELTS 9.0
Certified IELTS Trainer
www.tahas soni.com

Master IELTS Essays
By Ebrahim Tahas soni
Cambridge CELTA (Pass B ), Sussex Do w ns CertTESOL (Merit ), IELTS Academic 9.0
Trained by IDP Australia & Sussex Downs College










Version 5.9 – September 201 7
Downloaded from www.tahassoni.com

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 1
Introduction
Understanding the Rubric

WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people believe that television programmes are of no real value for children.
How far do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examp les from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words .

The Task
Task 2 involves writing an essay on the given topic. You have to
• answer the question(s) clearly and completely;
• give reasons for your answer;
• include relevant example
▪ from your knowledge
▪ from your experience
• spend about 40 minutes on the task
• write at least 250 words  26 0-265 words

Note: Finish task 2 first before addressing task 1. Task 2 has twice as many marks as task 1 and is
less flexible, so if you do not get around to finishing it, you may lose more marks than when you
leave task 1 unfinished.

The Answer Sheet
The last two pages of the IELTS writing answer sheet are dedicated to task two and together
have over 40 lines. Although you may ask for extra sheets to write your answer in, this is not likely
to become necessary since the space you are already provided with is way more than
sufficient. You must not write in the blank space at the bottom of the first page or in the scoring
section at the bottom of pag e two.

Focus on Academic Register
• Use longer sentences (about 20 -30 words)
• Use subordinate clauses
• Use academic words (see “The Academic Words List” at www.tahasoni.com/resources)
• Avoid contractions like doesn’t , can’t or they’ll
• Avoid “get” phrases where possible
• Avoid a personal tone except when giving personal opinions or talking of personal experiences
• Avoid phrasal verbs where possible
• Avoid over -generalisation by avoiding absolute statements and Introducing probability/pos sibility

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 2
Task Types

Opinion -led
a. New parents should attend parenting classes to learn how to bring up their children well.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with th is statement?

b. Some people think that every individual is responsible for their own he althy lifestyle .
Others believe that governments should take care of it.
What are your views on this?

c. Many parents now let their young children use tablet computers to see pictures and
photographs, watch videos or play games.
Is this a positive or negative development?

Argument Discussion
a. Some people believe that children should listen to and obey their parents. Others
believe that children should think and do things on their own.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

b. Some people be lieve that modern designs for schools and offices with more open
spaces are necessary.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of such spaces?

c. While some people prefer to live in apartments, others do not think an apartment is a
suitable form of accommodation.
Do you think the advantages of living in an apartment outweigh the disadvantages?

Issue Discussion
a. Housing and accommodation has become a major problem in many countries around
the world.
What are some of the main factors that have contribu ted to this problem?
What can be done to help reduce the number of homeless people?

b. While mobile phones have many advantages, a number of problems have also resulted
from them or the ways in which they are used.
What are some of these problems?
What solu tions can you suggest for solving these problems?

c. Nowadays most people choose to throw away broken things instead of repairing them,
and replace them with new ones.
Why is this happening?
What problems may it lead to?

Mixed (Two -Part) Questions
In some countries people prefer to buy used things rather than new ones .
Why is this the case ?
Is it a positive or negative trend?

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 3
Assessment Criteria
Every essay is assessed by a trained examiner according to four assessment criteria:
 Task Response (TR)
 Coherence and Cohesion (CC)
 Lexical Resource (LR)
 Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)

Task Response (TR)
This criterion focuses on the degree to which the task has been answered properly.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing t his aspect of your essay :
1. Is there a clear and relevant position throughout the response?
2. Are there relevant and well -developed (presented, extended and supported) main
ideas? Are any of the points underdeveloped or unclear?
3. Is there a tendency to overgeneralise?
4. Do any supporting ideas (e.g. examples) lack focus?
5. How have the different parts of the task been addressed:
a. addresses some parts only
b. unevenly addresses all parts
c. addresses all parts
d. sufficiently addresses all parts
e. fully addresses all par ts
Coherence and Cohesion (CC)
This criterion is concerned with the overall clarity and fluency of the message: how the response
organises and links information, ideas and language. Coherence refers to the linking of ideas
through logical sequencing. Cohes ion refers to the varied and appropriate use of cohesive
devices (for example, logical connectors, pronouns and conjunctions) to assist in making the
conceptual and referential relationships between and within sentences clear.
The examiner has the followin g questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your essay :
6. Have you organised your information logically?
7. Is there an overall flow or progression in your essay ?
8. Have you used linkers correctly, properly and sufficiently without over - or under -us ing
them ?
9. Have pronouns been used correctly and do they have clear references?
10 . Have you organised the text in paragraphs logically and sufficiently?

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 4
Lexical Resource (LR)
This criterion refers to the range of vocabulary the candidate has used and the accuracy an d
appropriacy of that use in terms of the specific task.
The examiner takes the following points into account when assessing this aspect of your essay :
1. Words
a. Range and flexibility
b. Level
c. Precision
d. Style
e. Collocation
2. Vocabulary mistakes
a. Spelling
b. Word choice
c. Word formation
Note: when evaluating vocabulary errors , the effect each has on the reader and the
intelligibility of your essay is taken into account.
Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)
This criterion refers to the range and accurate use of the candidate ’s grammatical resource as
manifested in the candidate’s writing at the sentence level.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your essay :
1. Have you used a wide variety of sentence structures naturally and appropriate ly?
2. How often have you used complex structures?
3. Errors
a. Grammar
b. Punctuation
Note: when evaluating grammatical errors , the effect each has on the reader and the
intelligibility of your essay is taken into account.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 5
IELTS Task 2 Writing B and D escriptors (Public Version)
Band Task Response Coherence and
Cohesion
Lexical Resource Grammatical Range
and Accuracy
9  fully addresses all parts
of the task
 presents a fully
developed position in
answer to the question
with relevant, fully
extended and well
supported ideas
 uses cohesion in
such a way that it
attracts no
attention
 skilfully manages
paragraphing
 uses a wide range of
vocabulary with
very natural and
sophisticated
control of lexical
features; rare minor
errors occur only as
‘slips’
 uses a wide ra nge of
structures with full
flexibility and
accuracy; rare
minor errors occur
only as ‘slips’
8  sufficiently addresses all
parts of the task
 presents a well -
developed response to
the question with
relevant, extended
and supported ideas
 sequences
informati on and
ideas logically
 manages all
aspects of
cohesion well
 uses paragraphing
sufficiently and
appropriately
 uses a wide range of
vocabulary fluently
and flexibly to
convey precise
meanings
 skilfully uses
uncommon lexical
items but there may
be occasional
inaccuracies in word
choice and
collocation
 produces rare errors
in spelling and/or
word formation
 uses a wide range of
structures
 the majority of
sentences are error -
free
 makes only very
occasional errors or
inappropriacies
7  addresses all parts of
the task
 presents a clear
position throughout the
response
 presents, extends and
supports main ideas,
but there may be a
tendency to over -
generalise and/or
supporting ideas may
lack focus
 logically organises
information and
ideas; there is clear
progressio n
throughout
 uses a range of
cohesive devices
appropriately
although there
may be some
under -/over -use
 presents a clear
central topic within
each paragraph
 uses a sufficient
range of vocabulary
to allow some
flexibility and
precision
 uses less common
lexic al items with
some awareness of
style and
collocation
 may produce
occasional errors in
word choice,
spelling and/or word
formation
 uses a variety of
complex structures
 produces frequent
error -free sentences
 has good control of
grammar and
punctuation but
may make a few
errors
6  addresses all parts of
the task although some
parts may be more fully
covered than others
 presents a relevant
position although the
conclusions may
become unclear or
repetitive
 pres ents relevant main
ideas but some may be
inadequately
developed/unclear
 arranges
information and
ideas coherently
and there is a clear
overall progression
 uses cohesive
devices effectively,
but cohesion within
and/or between
sentences may be
faulty or
mech anical
 may not always use
referencing clearly
or appropriately
 uses paragraphing,
but not always
logically
 uses an adequate
range of vocabulary
for the task
 attempts to use less
common
vocabulary but with
some inaccuracy
 makes some errors in
spelling and/o r word
formation, but they
do not impede
communication
 uses a mix of simple
and complex
sentence forms
 makes some errors in
grammar and
punctuation but
they rarely reduce
communication

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 6

5
 addresses the task
only partially; the
format may be
inappropriate in
places
 expresses a position
but the development
is not always clear
and there may be no
conclusions drawn
 presents some main
ideas but these are
limited and not
sufficiently
developed; there
may be irrelevant
detail
 presents information
with some
organisation but there
may be a lack of
overall progression
 makes inadequate,
inaccurate or over -
use of cohesive
devices
 may be repetitive
because of lack of
referencing and
substitution
 may not write in
paragraphs, or
paragraphing may be
inadequat e
 uses a limited range
of vocabulary, but
this is minimally
adequate for the task
 may make
noticeable errors in
spelling and/or word
formation that may
cause some difficulty
for the reader
 uses only a limited
range of structures
 attempts complex
sentences but these
tend to be less
accurate than simple
sentences
 may make frequent
grammatical errors
and punctuation may
be faulty; errors can
cause some difficulty
for the reader
4  responds to the task
only in a minimal way
or the answer is
tangential; the format
may be
inappropriate
 presents a position
but this is unclear
 presents some main
ideas but these are
difficult to identify
and may be
repetitive, irrelevant
or not well supported
 presents information
and ideas but these
are not arranged
coherently an d there
is no clear progression
in the response
 uses some basic
cohesive devices but
these may be
inaccurate or
repetitive
 may not write in
paragraphs or their
use may be confusing
 uses only basic
vocabulary which
may be used
repetitively or which
may be
inappropriate for the
task
 has limited control of
word formation
and/or spelling; errors
may cause strain for
the reader
 uses only a very
limited range of
structures with only
rare use of
subordinate clauses
 some structures are
accurate but errors
predomina te, and
punctuation is often
faulty
3  does not adequately
address any part of
the task
 does not express a
clear position
 presents few ideas,
which are largely
undeveloped or
irrelevant
 does not organise
ideas logically
 may use a very limited
range of cohesive
devices, and those
used may not
indicate a logical
relationship between
ideas
 uses only a very
limited range of
words and
expressions with very
limited control of
word formation
and/or spelling
 errors may severely
distort the message
 attempts sent ence
forms but errors in
grammar and
punctuation
predominate and
distort the meaning
2  barely responds to
the task
 does not express a
position
 may attempt to
present one or two
ideas but there is no
development
 has very little control
of organisational
features
 uses an extremely
limited range of
vocabulary;
essentially no control
of word formation
and/or spelling
 cannot use sentence
forms except in
memorised phrases
1  answer is completely
unrelated to the task
 fails to communicate
any message
 can only use a few
isolated words
 cannot use sentence
forms at all
0  does not attend
 does not attempt the task in any way
 writes a totally memorised response

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 7

 Section 1
Sample Task 2
Topics & Model
Answers

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 8
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people say that computer skills should be added to primary subjects in elementary school
such as reading, writing and math.
How far d o you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 9
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
In some countries, it is illegal for companies to reject job applicants for their age.
Is this a positive or negative development?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 10
Some people argue that it is not wise for an industry to replace its experienced but old workers
with new and young yet inexperienced individuals.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Model Answer (Strong View):
INTRODUCTION :
Nowadays, almo st every company tends to retire its employees once they have reached a certain
age. I completely agree with this practice and believe elderly staff need to be replaced with
young er workers despite the difference in their work experience. (40 words)
OR
In the past people often worked in their businesses until they died or were no longer able to
continue, whereas today most industries have set a definite retirement age for their employees. I
think replacing elderly staff with young recruits is a wise prac tice . (44 words)
Body:
First and foremost, a large majority of workers lose their strength as they become older. This is
mainly because the human body has limits , and working for a long time, say, 30 or 35 years, can
affect it negatively. For example, youn g industrial workers tend to work for five to six hours before
they take breaks while older ones usually need to rest every one or two hours. This means that
productivity levels would certainly decline. (76 words)
Furthermore, new employment opportunities for young people are very limited. Most companies do
not offer more than a few new jobs every year and try not to increase their staff members
dramatically to keep expenses low. Consequently, they should definitely lay off some of the older
personnel to m ake room for younger ones , especially those around 20 to 30 years old who are
about to form families and support them. (70 words)
Finally, the experience and skills of old workers is usually out of date. They might have a lot of
experience with old techno logy and machines, but their employers constantly need to upgrade their
equipment and methods. Therefore , it is less likely that old worker’s abilities are necessary in the
long run , and younger workers who know how to operate modern machines such as compu ters and
lasers can replace them . (69 words)
Conclusion
In conclusion, I think companies need to force their elderly workforce to retire and employ
younger workers to replace them to improve productivity, have up -to -date workers and provide
jobs for young people. (32 words)

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 11
Countries are becoming more and more similar because people are able to buy the same products
anywhere in the world.
Do you think this is positive or negative development?
Model Answer (Strong View):
I think it is beneficial that goods like food, cars, furniture and clothes that are produced
in a certain part of the world are now available almost everywhere, which means the
similarities betwee n various countries are growing . (37 words)
A reason is that people in different regions now have access to products they could not use
before. There are numerous goods that are produced only in certain parts of the world,
which means that people living in other places could not normally take advantage of them
in the past. For example, bananas and pineapples are grown in tropical countries and so,
did not use to be available to consumers in colder countries like Russia and Canada.
Nevertheless, most people in such countries are now able to buy and eat these beneficial
fruits. (93 words)
Furthermore, people today can migrate to different countries with less fear of becoming
homesick since the products they are used to are now available in shops almost wherever
they go. For instance, Iranian immigrants could not cook their national dish, Ghormesabzi,
in other parts of the globe because the specific vegetables required were not farmed and
grown in most other countries. However, as they can access all these ingredients in shops
and supermarkets around the world today, they can work and live more productively
because they do not miss a significant part of their cultural heritage anymore. (97 words)
In conclusion, I believe the growing similarit y between countries around the world, which
have resulted from the availability of goods produced elsewhere, is a desirable
development . People can now take advantage of beneficial goods from other countries,
and immigrants can be less stressful and more pr oductive. (46 words)
Total: 2 73 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 12
Every year several languages die out. Some people think that this is not important because life will
be easier if there are fewer languages in the world.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Model Answer (Middle View):
As the global trend toward globalism and the use of a lingua franca grows, local languages
continue to perish. I think although a smaller number of languages can make life easier, it
is important to try and preserve all languages . (40 words)
On the one hand, when fewer languages are in use, communication tends to become easier
in most cases . It will be really convenient if one can talk with others from various parts of
the world without the need for a live translator or special software for assistance. This
means that different nations around the globe are likely to be able to cooperate more
closely if fewer languages ar e in use. For instance, a conference at the United Nations will
be more convenient and productive for politicians if they all can communicate using a
limited set of languages, or perhaps even one, instead of having to wait for translations to
come through . Consequently, better results are likely to be achieved more quickly, and
many issues could be resolved as a result of better mutual understanding. (134 words)
On the other hand, every language represents the culture within which it has developed. It
reflects the lifestyle and traditions of the people who use it to communicate within the
context of their daily lives, and it is the foundation of their folklore and literature.
Although some might argue that these could be translated into more common languages
like English or Chinese, it is quite unlikely that the exact meaning of each phrase,
expression, idiom, proverb or poem can be translated. This means that once a nations’
language has died out, a significant portion of its culture and history is lost with it, leaving
them with a weaker cultural and national identity. (112 words)
In conclusion, I believe even though the fall in the number of languages in use allo ws people
to communicate more conveniently , mak ing their lives less complicated, it is still
important for every language to be saved from extinction so that the culture, history and
literature of all nations are protected . (50 words)
Total: 33 6 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 13
Some people think governments should spend less money on arts and invest more in education.
How far do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Model Answer ( Middle View):
Many governments today allocate significant portions of their national budgets to the
development and protection of arts. I think this is necessary and governments should not
curb art budgets, although it is vital that more money is spent on education, as well .
(42 words)
Decreasing public financial support for art would definitely leave normal people with little
or no access to original fine art pieces. High art is immensely sought and supported by the
private sector in most parts of the world , with art galleries and agents investing heavily in
famous professional artists so that th ey can sell their works to wealthy private collectors.
Therefore, if the government stops investing in this secto r, there will practically be no
paintings, sculptures or other forms of art available for ordinary citizens to enjoy, which
can not only dimini sh their pursuit of beauty and perfection, but also leave them more
depressed and passive, even vulgar . (108 words)
However, e ducation plays a crucial role in the development of a country. More educated
and skillful citizens can contribute greatly to a cou ntry’s progress since its industries,
healthcare system and defense capabilities rely mostly on its progress in different fields of
science and technology, which in turn requires skillful teachers, advanced computers and
better -equipped laboratories. This means that the more money is spent on educational
facilities and equipment and the more budget is allocated to supporting students and
educators, the more likely it is for a country to develop. (87 words)
In conclusion, I think governments ought to m aintain their financial support for arts while
increas ing education budgets , ensuring both continued access to fine arts for their citizens
and sustained development for their countries. (33 words)
Total: 2 70 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 14
Some people believe that professional workers such as doctors and teachers should be paid more
than sports a nd entertainment personalities.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Model Answer ( Middle View):
Salary is an issue that many people have strong opinions about, and the pay gap between
top entertainers and sports stars on the one hand, and professionals in vital service
sectors such as medicine and education on the other, has been quite controversial for
some time now. However, I personally think that, except in certain cases, the latter
group do not necessarily dese rve higher pays than the former . (68 words)
One reason is that the cash flow of service sectors is significantly lower than that of sports
and entertainment industries. People willingly spend trillions of dollars every year buying
tickets to sports matches, concerts and movies, while the revenue in service sectors like
education or medicine originates mainly from households in need of their services. And
even then, those services have to be provided at a discount to guarantee proper access for
all citizens regardless of their financial status. This means that the funds available to
service providers like doctors or teachers is a fraction of w hat is available to sports stars,
actors and singers. (104 words)
Additionally, unlike in sports and entertainment where people with certain talents are
chosen or may accidentally be discovered and hurled into stardom, people in service
professions tend to make informed choices regarding their careers. In other words, one
usually chooses to become a teacher or doctor, knowing how much one can hope to earn
and what the chances of living a life of luxury are for someone in their business. (70 words)
That bein g said, there are certain professionals that truly deserve to receive salaries
higher than, or at least as high as, those paid to celebrity players or entertainers. This
includes doctors who make breakthrough medical discoveries, invent novel methods to
cu re diseases or make other substantial contributions to medical sciences. Likewise,
contributions such as developing more effective teaching approaches should warrant
celebrity -level wages for educators who make them. (68 words)
In conclusion, I do not believe that doctors or educators should receive higher wages than
celebrity singers, sports players or actors unless they have made significant contributions
to their fields. (30 words)
Total: 341 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 15
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people think secondary school students should study international news as one of their subjects.
Other people say this is a waste of valuable school time.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 16
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Developing countries require international organization’s help. Some people prefer financial aid while
others think practical aid and advice are better.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for you r answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 17
Many people think that every individual is responsible for their own healthy lifestyle. Others
believe that governments should take care of it.
Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Model Answer ( Strong View):
There is little doubt about how vital it is for people to adopt a healthy lif estyle, but there
are conflicting views as to who should be responsible for its promotion and enforcement.
Although some believe that the government should shoulder this responsibility, others,
myself included, think it should be every individual’s duty.
People themselves benefit primarily in their personal lives from eating healthily and taking
more exercise. It allows them to remain healthy, avoid different illnesses like heart disease
and arthritis, and enjoy increased longevity. Living healthily also al lows them to be more
active in the society and at work because they are more likely to feel energised and
refreshed throughout the day. Consequently, they can focus more on their social and
professional efforts, which could significantly increase their soc ial and work status.
Therefore, it seems logical to hold every individual responsible for adopting a healthy
lifestyle.
Some argue that governments should enforce a healthy lifestyle because they have the
means to raise awareness through the educational sy stem and introduce relevant
regulations obliging their citizens to make the necessary changes in their way of life.
However, most adults tend to change and adjust their lifestyle according to their
experiences and desires after leaving school, forgetting m ost, if not all, of what they have
been taught. Furthermore, it would be unwise for authorities to meddle in people’s private
lives and have them conform to any regulation that affect their personal lives.
In conclusion, I believe that individuals ought to bear the responsibility of following and
promoting a healthy way of life since they can enjoy the benefits in their personal, social
and work lives.
Total: 273 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 18
Some people think universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every
subject. Others believe that this is an unacceptable policy.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Model Answer ( Strong View):
INTRODUCTION :
The issue of keeping a balance between the numbers of female and male students in universities
has been discussed by many, and although some say such a policy should be implemented in all
subjects, others, including myself, believe that it is not beneficial. (43 words)
OR
Gender equality is a major issue in education today and some believe keeping a balance between
the numbers of female and male students in all university subjects to be a good means of achieving
it. However, I, like many others, think that it is not beneficial. (46 words)
Body:
Admitting a similar number of students from each gender in some courses will probably render
many of them unable to find a job later. For example, most areas of agriculture are too
burdensome for almost any woman in that they involve heavy physical activit ies and their working
environment is affected significantly by the elements. Therefore, it is unlikely for a woman to be
able to find a farming job once she has graduated in, say, agricultural engineering. Besides, such a
policy would definitely bar many t alented and enthusiastic applicants from studying their favourite
courses merely because there may not be enough students from the opposite sex to join the course.
(110 words)
Some people think that accepting similar numbers of male and female students in all subjects
promotes gender equality, as well as breaking the social taboos attached to studying courses that
are usually prescribed to a specific gender. However, forcing stu dents to study something they may
not like, or stopping others from studying what they like in order to keep a balance does not seem
fair at all. Social taboos are not broken in the short term either, and it is more probable that the
students who study in fields that are taboo for their gender are rejected and sidelined in the
process. (102 words)
Conclusion
In conclusion, I personally disagree with accepting an equal number of boys and girls in any subject
at university since it can complicate finding job s later and promote gender bias, stopping
enthusiastic applicants from entering the courses they like because of their sex. (43 words)

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 19
Some people think secondary school students should study international news as one of their
subjects. Other people say this is a waste of valuable school time.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Model Answer ( Middle View):
Today, learning about the news from different parts of the world is essential to many
people . I t has been suggested that the review of such news should become a high school
subject although some think this would waste school time . I think this is a great idea
provided that inappropriate news are filtered out and there is enough time for other
important subjects . (63 words)
On the one hand, reviewing global news can help high school students improve their
general knowledge in areas like geography and cultures . This is because the news come
from around the world and often present significant details about different regions and
their features, which means students would possibly gain a better understanding of the
world. It also seems that studying the news can develop the students’ ability to analyse
sophisticated situations because when they follow a story, say, about a politic al rift
between two countries, they can observe how it develops or escalates, how the parties
involved act and what its consequences are. (103 words)
On the other hand , there are some issues with studying global news in high schools. T he
violence portraye d in many of today’s news stories could affect students’ conduct. For
instance, almost every newspaper and news website these days is filled with images and
stories of the ISIS executions in Iraq and Syria, which are likely to make youngsters feel
insecure or make unreasonable judgements about any Arab friends they might have.
Furthermore, reading and analysing the news would probably be a time -consuming
activity, leaving insufficient time for more important subjects and activities like sciences,
math or ph ysical education. (98 words)
In conclusion, I believe it is wise for secondary school students to study global news at
school as it may develop their general knowledge and ability to understand the world .
However, they should avoid violent news stories, and there should be enough time left for
more important subjects . (53 words)

Total: 312 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 20
Some people support modern developments in agriculture such as factory farming and creation of
new types of fruits and vegetables. However, other people oppose this view.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Model Answer ( Strong View):
Recently, there have been extensive developments and improvements in various aspects of
agriculture, including genetically modif ying plants to create new types, as well as factory
farming . While some oppose these advances, others, including me, find them beneficial and
necessary . (39 words)
M odern agricultural developments can help provide more food for the growing
populations, especially in the developing world . M any new types of plants that are
developed through genetic engineering, like some species of wheat or certain fruit trees,
can produce heavier fruits or more seeds. Furthermore, novel methods like factory farming
would certainly render many demanding agricultural tasks like milking cows and feeding
various farm animals easier since they rely on automatic machines for performing such
tasks . (76 words)
Some people argue that some modern farming techniques such as modifyin g the genetic
structure of plants can be unsafe , and many animal rights activists find factory farming
cruel to animals . However, it should be noted that extensive laboratory tests are conducted
on any genetically modified organism before governments allow it to be produced on a
commercial scale . Breeding animals only to be slaughtered might sound cruel , but the fate
that would await them if they lived in their natural habitats is almost as grim . T here are
various wild beasts that feed on the domestic anima ls bred by humans, and the way they
tear the flesh of their prey apart is far more violent than the painless death inflicted by
automatic slaughtering systems . (122 words)
In conclusion , I think modern farming techniques and agricultural methods are necessary
to meet the urgent need for more food worldwide , as well as being vital to the efficiency
and practicality of performing farming tasks. (35 words)
Total: 2 72 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 21
Some people think that strict punishments for driving offences are the key to r educing traffic
accidents. Others, however, believe that other measures would be more effective in improving
road safety.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Model Answer ( Middle View):
Road accidents take the lives of many drivers and pedestrians every year . Some argue that
the best way to reduce them is to have severe penalties for offend ing traffic regulations ,
while others think other solutions may work better . I think , although such punishments
are helpful, other measures should be taken alongside them . (52 words)
On the one hand, careless drivers who ignore traffic laws play a major role in many road
accidents . For example, some use their mobile phones while driving and do not focus on
the road, meaning they would definitely not be able to control their cars in time to avoid
accident s. If such drivers know they risk being imprison ed or heav ily fine d, they will
probably be motivate d to observe driving regulations more closely . Furthermore, penalising
drivi ng offences is the quickest solution since it can be applied immediately and drivers will
see the consequences of their faults right away . (97 words)
On the other hand, there are various other means of decreasing the number of traffic
accidents. First of a ll, driving license candidates could be required to sit courses aim ed at
educating them on the virtues of heeding the law while on the road. This would allow
them to realise how driving carefully could benefit both themselves and the people around
them. Moreover, new cars could be built in such a way that they restrict the drivers’
ability to commit traffic offences like illegal speeding or turns. For instance, the car’s
computer could automatically decrease its maximum speed in residential areas or near
intersections. (10 3 words)
In conclusion, I think any idea that could increase road safety is worth trying, so while
driving offences should be heavily punished , solutions like saf ety classes for new drivers and
technolog ies that prevents offences are also necessary. (37 words)
Total: 2 89 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 22
Some people prefer to live in a house, while others feel that there are more advantages to living in an
apartment.
Are there more advantages than disad vantages of living in a house compared with living in an
apartment?
Model Answer ( Strong View):
The growth in urban populations means more and more people tend to live in
apartments, but there are many who still prefer to live in houses. I think when compared
with apartments, there are more benefits than drawbacks to living in houses.
Houses usually have yards where children can play and small gardens can be maintained.
This makes them very suitable for larger families. In addition, people living in houses often
enjoy better privacy and less noise because there are far fewer neighbours. Nevertheless,
the costs of maintaining a house, from utility bills to air conditioning to security, almost
always exceed those of living in an apartment. This is w hy even fans of living in houses
tend to have second thoughts when deciding on where to live.
Apartments, on the other hand, are usually safer as most apartment buildings have
guards and CCTV security systems, besides the fact that the many neighbours kee p an eye
on each other’s residences. That said, most apartments have few or no south -facing
windows, resulting in less light penetrating the interior and rendering their residents
prone to depression and vitamin D deficiencies. It is also difficult to cust omise a house to
the needs of a family since any structural changes can potentially affect the whole
building.
I personally value privacy and silence above all other factors when choosing
accommodation . Therefore, I believe a house is a much better place to live, especially for
families with children and the elderly who need more peace and quiet. I also believe most
citizens nowadays, especially the middle class, earn enough to be able to afford the costs of
life in houses.
Total: 2 73 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 23
Some parents buy their children a large number of toys to play with.
What are the advantages and disadvantages for the child of having a large number of toys?
Model Answer ( Strong View):
Nowadays, a lot of toys , rang ing from simple dolls to complicated electronic gadgets like
video games , are provided for some children by their parents . I think this is not a problem
provided children are sufficiently active and care for their toys. (41 words)
One of the important advantages of children having lots of toys is that there are different
games for them to play. They can choose one of their to ys according to their mood and
taste, and are less likely to become bored. Besides , they would certainly be able to learn a
wider variety of skills like problem solving or organization. Different toys can teach them
different things, which means that the m ore toys they have, the more they are likely to
learn. (83 words)
However , having a lot of different toys could possibly lead to children becoming overweight
since many modern toys like video games and L EGO s, which are very common these days ,
are usually p layed indoors. Therefore, they would definitely reduce children’s physical
activity , leading them to gain extra weight. Furthermore, when kids have too many toys,
it is likely that they will take less care of them. In other words, they will probably not
learn to value them if there is always a replacement ready to play with. Consequently,
they would not learn to appreciate their belongings. (95 words)
In conclusion , I believe that children benefit from an abundance of toys which offer them
variety, as wel l as teaching them more varied skills. However, it is important that they
keep an active lifestyle and are taught to value every toy . (41 words)
Total: 2 60 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 24
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Housing and accommodation has become a major problem in many countries around the world.
What are some of the main factors that have contributed to this problem? What can be done to help
reduce the number of homeless people?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 25
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
While mobile phones have many advantages, a number of problems have also resulted from them or
the ways in which they are used.
What are some of these problems? What solutions can you sugges t for solving these problems?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examp les from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 26
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
In many countries today insufficient respect is shown to older people.
What do you think may be the reasons for this?
What problems might this cause in society?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 27
In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are
decreasing.
What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures could be taken to solve them ?
Model Answer:
INTRODUCTION :
Nowadays, the levels of heal thiness and fitness are declining in some societies due to the increase in
the average weight of people. I think this is mainly because of their sedentary lifestyles and the
popularity of fast food, but there are some solutions . (43 words)
OR
In the past most citizens in different parts of the world were in shape and quite slim , whereas
today it is quite common for people to be overweight or obese . Consequently, diseases like diabetes
and high blood pressure are widespread and many individuals are unfit . I think this is mainly
because of their sedentary lifestyles and the popularity of fast food, but there are some solutions .
(66 words)
Body:
A reason why people have generally grown overweight an d unhealthy is that almost everyone either
drive s or take s public transport to work or school. As a result, there has been a serious decline in
most people’s levels of physical activity , leading them to burn fewer calories and gain weight.
Another reason could be the overconsumption of fast food. A cheeseburger has many high -calorie
ingredients such as Mozzarella cheese , sauce and bread. This means that eating many cheeseburgers
would definitely have negative effects on blood fat levels and increase one’s weight. (90 words)
A possible solution to improve public health and fitness is for people to increase their daily physical
activity, for example through walking to work if they live close to their workplaces, jogging in the
morning or evening and taking regular exercise at the gym. In addition, what governments can do
is to launch publicity campaigns against obesity so that people are informed of the dangers of a
high -calorie diet. For example, posters could be designed that illustrate how back pain results from
obesity and mounted in public area s and vehicles . This would definitely encourage many to control
their calorie intake. (100 words)
Conclusion
In conclusion, the decline in health and fitness and increase in the weight of many people in
various countries owe mainly to a lack of physical ac tivity and the high consumption of fast food.
However, these problems can be dealt with if people increase their daily physical activity and are
informed of the dangers of eating too much. (58 words)

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 28
Nowadays, we are producing more and more rubbish.
Why do you think this is happening?
What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?
Model Answer:
Today, many cities around the world face an increasing amount of garbage produced by
citizens. I think the main reasons for this are consumerism and overpackaged goods, and it
certainly needs to be dealt with. (35 words)
One reason why the amount of rubbish produced is rising is the consumerist lifestyle of
many people today which has led them to bu y and consume more products such as food,
clothes and home appliances. As a result, they often have to throw away their old
belongings to make room for the new ones. Furthermore, most products today have
packag es and boxes that need to be thrown away. For instance, mo st dishes are wrapped
in nylon covers, bubble wraps and cardboard boxes, which together can fill a large rubbish
bag. (90 words)
To decrease the amount of garbage, g overnments can legislate laws to limit the garbage
produced by households to a certain level, say, a kilogram every day. As a result, people
would definitely try to buy only the things they need to avoid throwing away too much.
Another possible solution would be to encourage producers to improve their packaging
techniques and use les s packaging material like paper and plastic. For instance, if
governments ask dish producers to use printed and colourful bubble wraps, they can act as
protective covers as well as eye -catching packages, which means that buyers will only have
to throw away one wrapper. (105 words)
In conclusion, the reasons behind the rise in waste production include consumerism and
product packages, and possible solutions are laws to restrict household garbage as well as
encouraging industries to use improved packaging . (33 words)
Total: 2 63 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 29
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Universities should provide students with the skills they will require in order to succeed at their future
jobs.
How far do you agree or disagree with the above opinion?
What are some of the job skills that employers look for in new employees?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.




Model last body paragraph :
There are various abilities that new employees today are required to have. Firstly, they
need to have good communicative skills like letter writing so that they can communicate
their ideas while un derstanding what their colleagues or clients think. Secondly, employees
should be able to manage their time efficiently because they have to finish various tasks
before their respective deadlines. Finally, many companies seek workers who can use
computers effectively to handle office and business tasks. For instance, almost all modern
construction companies require new engineers to know how to design buildings or manage
projects using software like AutoCAD or Microsoft Project. (101 words)

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 30
In some parts of the world it is becoming popular to research the history of one's own family .
Why might people want to do this?
Is it a positive or negative development?
Model Answer:
INTRODUCTION :
Genealogy is not a new field and people, especially the noble class, have always been keen on
knowing more about the history of their families and ancestors. However, it has recently enjoyed
more popularity with many ordinary people, especially in the west ern world, trying to fill in the
gaps in their family trees. I think this is mainly because they want to have fun or learn about how
their families have changed through time, but I personally disapprove of this practice. (81 words)
OR
It is becoming more and more common for people to seek information about their ancestors and
family history . I think this is mainly because they want to have fun or learn about how their
families have changed through time, but I personally disapprove of th is practice. (46 words)
Body:
One reason why many people are curious about their family history these days is that it is often fun
to trace back one’s bloodline and find out if one is related to any famous people. I remember a
recent story about how a comm on supermarket clerk in Nevada was discovered to be a descendant
of a British king. Many such descendants live completely ordinary lives, to which a discovery like
that can bring many thrills. Additionally, it would definitely help people to realise how th eir
families have changed through the years and therefore, learn a thing or two about the causes of
failure and prosperity in different generations. (108 words)
However, many individuals who find themselves related to the nobility tend to consider tiny shares
of noble blood as birthright to more respect. They, for instance, often demand seats in public
transport when there are more deserving people like pregnant w omen or the elderly aboard. Apart
from that, some of them might overgeneralise the role of factors which have contributed to a
former generation’s condition, be it inherited wealth or even bad luck, to their own and disregard
the value of their own ideas, efforts and current status. (88 words)
Conclusion
In conclusion, I think the growing trend towards researching family histories owes mainly to
people’s need for fun, as well as information regarding how their families have developed, but I
believe it should be discouraged. (35 words)

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 31
Some people think it would be a good idea for schools to teach every young person how to be a good
parent.
Do you agree o r disagree with this opinion? Describe the skills a person needs to be a good parent.
Model Answer:
Nowadays, parenting is considered a very important role in almost every society. I think that school
students should definitely receive parenting training, and also believe that effective communication
and teaching are two of the most important skills a good parent should have.
One reason why parenting should be a school subject is that children spend a lot of time in their
schools. For instance, in my countr y, Iran, they usually spend at least seven hours a day studying at
school, which means they are likely to have enough time to learn and practice good parenting.
Furthermore, they usually listen to and follow the instructions provided by their teachers much
more effectively compared to what their parents or other people tell them because they have to
pass courses and receive good scores in exams. Therefore, they can learn about good parenting skills
from them more effectively.
I believe that every good paren t should be able to communicate with his or her children so that
they can be friends with each other and there is no secret between them. So, parents can guide
their children better and protect them from the dangers of society. Apart from this, parents oug ht
to be able to teach different thing such as the difference between good and bad, social skills and
scientific knowledge to their children to help them become better people and have better
personalities. This allows their children to do a better job in f uture as adults.
In conclusion, I agree that students should be taught about the skills and knowledge that lead them
to become good parents in future. I also think every good parent ought to be able to communicate
well and teach effectively.
Total: 2 82 words

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 32



 Section 2
Course Handouts

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 33
Types of Argument Discussion Questions

Apple and Apple: Some people think that more money should be spent to promote the use of
bicycles in cities. Others, however, believe that bicycle is not an appropriate means of transport
for urban environments.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Apple and Orange : Some people think that more money should be spent to promote the use of
bicycles in cities. Others, however, believe that cities should focus on in vesting in public
transport systems.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Apple and Apple +Orange : Some people think that more money should be spent to promote
the use of bicycles in cities. Others, however, believe that bicycle is not an appropriate means
of transport for urban environments, and cities should focus on investing in public transport
sys tems instead.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 34
How to express an opinion: a few examples

A. Giving an opinion
I believe/think that…
In my view...
I feel strongly that...
I would argue that...
B. Agreeing with an idea
I am convinced that…
I am certain that…
I partially/to some extent support…
I generally agree that…
C. Disagreeing with an idea:
I totally disagree that…
There is no justification for...
I am completely against...
I do not agree with the idea that...
I do not think/bel ieve…
D. Describing other people’s opinions
Many consider/argue/claim that…
It is widely believed that…
It is often said/claimed that…
Some people hold/believe/think/insist/argue/claim that…

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 35
How to avoid absolute statements

Making predictions
The use of modern technology would probably/certainly/definitely lead to the development
of better products.
Children who watch a lot of television in their spare time are more/highly likely/unlikely to
score low on the school exams.
A university degree co uld/may/might possibly help him find a job at a better company.
It is highly/very /quite likely /possible/unlikely that this can improve the situation.
Avoiding “all”: waVRIVD\LQJVRPH”
many/a lot of/lots of/a large number of products
the majority of /most students
some people
certain groups in the society
a minority of employers
a few /a small number of cities
Avoiding “no” and “none”: waVRIVD\LQJRQO\DYHU\LQVLJQLILFDQWQXPEHU:
few people
only an insignificant number of products
almost no evidence
Avoiding “always”
Governments almost always/usually/normally /mostly/generally support local businesses.
People sometimes/occasionally/often try to hide their feelings.
People try to hide their feelings at certain times .
Avoiding “never”
Touri sts seldom/almost never/rarely realise how important local cultures are.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 36
A Quick Guide to Punctuation

Basically, the two punctuation marks you will need to use in IELTS reports, letters and essays are the
full stop and comma. Exclamation (!) and question marks (?) might also be used in General Training
letters, while parentheses could be used in Academic reports as well as in letters.
You are advised to avoid using the colon (:), semi -colon (;) and dashes ( –) if you do not know where
they need to be used, since they are unnecessary.
Full Stop (.)
Full stops are generally used to mark the end of a sentence:
There has been a dramatic increase in the population of urban regions.
Comma (,)
Commas are used in longer sentences to separate information into readable units. They also often
separate clauses in a sentence and sometimes come before a coordinator (e.g . “and”, “but”, etc.)
- A single comma ensures correct reading of a sentence which starts with a long introductory
element:
Following efforts by pioneering scientists in the field of ecology, it has now been generally
accepted that the world is gradually becoming warmer.
- A single comma is used after many starting linkers like “however”, moreover”, “basically” and
such:
In con trast, water levels in Africa and Australia declined to reach an all -time low.
- Pairs of commas help in the middle of a sentence to set off any string of words which is either
a parenthesis, or in contrast, to whatever went before:
A student, whether at s chool or university, needs to receive guidance and instructions on how to
use resources effectively and efficiently.
- Sets of comma act as a means of separating items in a list:
Workplaces like business offices, banks and schools would certainly require a more formal dress
code.
- Use a comma at the end of a subordinate clause that precedes its main clause :
Although the government has invested heavily in preparing students for higher education, many
university graduates still lack some basic academic skills.
- Non -restrictive relative clauses (relative clause s which provide information that can be left out
without affecting the meaning or structure of the sentence ) should be separated from the rest
of the sentence by a comma or commas:
A list of contents would have made it easier to steer through the book, which also lacks a
map.
Note: do not add a comma after “that” at the beginning of a clause:
It has been known for some time that many flaws in children’s behavior have roots in their genes.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 37
Punctuation in compound and complex sentences: a short note

Compound sentences
Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction that connects two independent clauses:
- There are many problems with this approach, and many of its supporters have already voice d
their concern.
Note that the comma is not used when both clauses share the same subject:
- Many people are trying to move to larger cities and look for better prospects.
Use a period or semicolon before a transition that connects two independent clauses:
- The problem has become more pressing over the years. However, the government seems to
be ignoring it for the moment.
- Companies need younger workforce to replace retiring staff members; nevertheless, some
believe that old experienced workforce should b e kept in their jobs for as long as they can
work.

Complex sentences
Use a comma after an introductory subordinate clause to separate it from the main:
- Although education seems to play a more important role in the development of a country,
the role of art should not be overlooked.
Note that the comma is not used when the main clause precedes the subordinate clause unless
the clause expresses contrast or excep tion (although, while, whereas) :
-Mobile phones are very useful because they provide their users with a variety of entertainment
and communication options.
-Many people think this is the right thing to do, whereas others completely reject it.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 38
Connectors: Usage and Meaning
To Add another Idea
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
and Furthermore
Moreover
Besides
also
in addition
To Restate, Explain or Emphasize an Idea
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
that is
in other words
in fact
actually
namely

To Give an Example
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
for example
for instance
to illustrate
To Show a Choice
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
or
nor


To Show a Difference
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
but While
whereas
though
in contrast
on the contrary
on the other hand
instead
however
still
otherwise

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 39
To Show the Opposite of What You Might Expect
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
yet although
though
even
though
nevertheless
admittedly
even so
nonetheless

To Show a Similarity
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
just as
as
similarly
likewise in
the same
way

To Show a Cause or Reason
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
for because
since as
now
that as
long as


To Show a Result or Effect
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
so so + adjective +
that such + …noun
+ that
as a result
consequently
as a
consequence
therefore thus
hence
accordingly

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 40
To Show a Time Relationship
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
before after
when
whenever
while as soon
as until as
since
the moment
that once
previously
subsequently
finally
afterward
meanwhile
first, second,
etc.
after that next
since then
then,
at first,

To Show a Condition
Coordinators Subordinators Transitions
or if
even if unless
when
whenever

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 41
Synonyms for Good and Bad
positive and negative
welcome and unwelcome
favourable and unfavourable
desirable and undesirable
beneficial and detrimental
Synonyms for Advantages and Disadvantages
advantages and disadvantages
benefits and drawbacks
upsides and downsides
pros and cons
streng ths and weaknesses/shortcomings
Synonyms for Causes
the factors/issues responsible for …
the reasons behind/for …
the factors/issues which have contributed to …
the causes of …
the issues which have resulted in/led to …
Synonyms for Effects
a. Real consequences
consequences/effects/impacts
the issues it has resulted in /which have resulted from …
the problems which follow /have followed …

b. Possible consequences
the problems/issues that … could/may/might/is likely to result in/lead to
the problems/issues which could/may/might/are likely to result from/follow/ensue …
…’s possible/potential/probable/prospective consequences/effects/impacts
Synonyms for Solutions
So lutions for …
means/ways to solve …
means/ways to resolve/deal with/tackle/improve …

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 42
Discussing Causes



Approach A:
Presentation: Cause 1  Issue
Extension: Cause 1  Cause 2  Cause 3
Approach B:
Presentation: Cause 3  Issue
Extension: Cause 3  Cause 2  Cause 1
Note:  = consequence linker  = cause linker

e.g. Book 8, page 102
Technological progress  machines and tools have replaced people  less physical activity 
burning fewer calories 
One reason for this unfortunate development is that most individuals burn far fewer calories
every day because they have a lot less activity now than they used to. The reason for this is that
machines and tools have replaced people in most cases, like in transportation, thanks to the
technological progress which has taken place over the past decades.
OR
One reason for this unfortunate development is the technological progress which has taken
place over the past decades, as a result of which machines and tools have replaced people in
most cases, like in transportation. Therefore, most individuals have a lot less activity today than
they used to and burn f ar fewer calories every day, which results in their obesity.

Cause 3 Cause 2 Cause 1 Issue

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 43
Discussing Effects

Approach A (Short):


Issue  Effect 2 because Effect 1

Approach B (long):


Issue  Effect 3 because issue  effect 1  effect 2 [  effect 3]
Note:  = consequence linker

Example:
Overpopulation  more demand for food  food shortages  widespread hunger
Overpopulation can lead to widespread hunger in many parts of the world, particularly in
countries like India and China which have very large populations. This is because when there are
more people in an area, the demand for food is highly likely to rise as a result of which there may
not be enough food available for everyone.

Issue Effect 1 Effect 2
Issue Effect 1 Effect 2 Effect 3

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 44
Discussing Solutions
Development
Include:
• Mechanism
• Advantages over other solutions
• Any possible disadvantages
How to introduce advantage and disadvantage for a solution:
Approach A:
Although
Even though -------- disadvantage (sentence) -------- , -------- advantage (sentence) -------- .

-------- advantage (sentence) -------- Although
even though -------- disadvantage (sentence) -------- .

Approach B:
Despite
In spite of -------- disadvantage (n./n.p.) -------- , -------- advantage (sentence) -------- .

-------- advantage (sentence) -------- Despite
in spite of -------- disadvantage (n./n.p.) -------- .

Some possib le advantages and disadvantages
Advantage Disadvantage
• Effective
• Efficient
• Cost -effective, economical, reasonable Does
not rely on/require many financial resources
• Time -efficient
• Popular
• Does not rely on/require many resources
• Easy to implement
• Might not be very reasonable
• Could be time -consuming/ Might not be
very time -efficient
• Might not be very popular /Might not be
favoured by the public
• May rely on/require significant resources
• Could be difficult to implement /
M ight not be very easy to implement

Example:
Solution: Increase tax on fast food and decrease tax on fruits and vegetables
Mechanism: unhealthy food become more expensive and less popular, while healthy food
cheaper and more popular  people eat healthier
Advantage: Efficient and quick
Disadvantage: unpopular

One waWRVROYHWKHSUREOHPRIREHVLW and improve people’s health and fitness would probablEHWR
increase tax on fast food, while decreasing tax on fruits and vegetables. This would certainly make
unhealthy food more expensive and less popular, and help healthy food become cheaper and increase
its popularity. As a result, people are likely to eat healthier food. Although this might not be very popular,
especially for restau rant owners and youths, it would definitely be a quite efficient and quick solution.
Furthermore, people need to increase their daily physical activity, for example by walking to work if they
live close to their workplaces. This would certainly increase th e amount of energy they consume and, as
a result, decrease their weight, as well as helping them to be more fit and healthy.

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 45
The Academic Word List

Sublist 1
analyze • approach • area • assess • assume • authority • available • benefit • concept • cons ist •
constitute • context • contract • create • data • define • derive • distribute • economy • environment
• establish • estimate • evident • export • factor • finance • formula • function • identify • income •
indicate • individual • interpret • involve • issue • labor • legal • legislate • major • method • occur •
percent • period • policy • principle • proceed • process • require • research • respond • role • section
• sector • significant • similar • source • specific • structure • theory • vary
Subl ist 2
achieve • acquire • administrate • affect • appropriate • aspect • assist • category • chapter •
commission • community • complex • compute • conclude • conduct • consequent • construct •
consume • credit • culture • design • distinct • element • eq uate • evaluate • feature • final • focus •
impact • injure • institute • invest • item • journal • maintain • normal • obtain • participate • perceive
• positive • potential • previous • primary • purchase • range • region • regulate • relevant • reside •
resource • restrict • secure • seek • select • site • strategy • survey • text • tradition • transfer
Sublist 3
alternative • circumstance • comment • compensate • component • consent • considerable • constant •
constrain • contribute • convene • coordi nate • core • corporate • correspond • criteria • deduce •
demonstrate • document • dominate • emphasis • ensure • exclude • framework • fund • illustrate •
immigrate • imply • initial • instance • interact • justify • layer • link • locate • maximize • mi nor •
negate • outcome • partner • philosophy • physical • proportion • publish • react • register • rely •
remove • scheme
• sequence • sex • shift • specify • sufficient • task • technique • technology • valid • volume
Sublist 4
access • adequate • annual • apparent • approximate • attitude • attribute • civil • code • commit •
communicate • concentrate • confer • contrast • cycle • debate • despite • dimension • domestic •
emerge • error • ethnic • goal • grant • hence • hypothes is • implement • implicate • impose •
integrate • internal • investigate • job • label • mechanism • obvious • occupy • option • output •
overall • parallel • parameter • phase • predict • principal • prior • professional • project • promote •
regime • res olve • retain • series • statistic • status • stress • subsequent • sum • summary •
undertake
Sublist 5
academy • adjust • alter • amend • aware • capacity • challenge • clause • compound • conflict •
consult • contact • decline • discrete • draft • enable • energy • enforce • entity • equivalent • evolve
• expand • expose • external • facilitate • fundament al • generate • generation • image • liberal •
license • logic • margin • medical • mental • modify • monitor • network • notion • objective • orient •
perspective • precise • prime • psychology • pursue • ratio • reject • revenue • stable • style •
substi tute • sustain • symbol • target • transit • trend • version • welfare • whereas

Master IELTS Essays | Ebrahim Tahassoni

w w w . t a h a s s o n i . c o m P a g e 46
Sublist 6
abstract • accurate • acknowledge • aggregate • allocate • assign • attach • author • bond • brief •
capable • cite • cooperate • discriminate • display • di verse • domain • edit • enhance • estate •
exceed • expert • explicit • federal • fee • flexible • furthermore • gender • ignorant • incentive •
incidence • incorporate • index • inhibit • initiate • input • instruct • intelligence • interval • lecture •
migrate • minimum • ministry • motive • neutral • nevertheless • overseas • precede • presume •
rational • recover • reveal • scope • subsidy • tape • trace • transform • transport • underlie • utilize
Sublist 7
adapt • adult • advocate • aid • channel • chemical • classic • comprehensive • comprise • confirm •
contrary • convert • couple • decade • definite • deny • differentiate • dispose • dynamic • eliminate •
empirical • equip • extract • file • finite • foundation • globe • grade • guarantee • hierar chy •
identical • ideology • infer • innovate • insert • intervene • isolate • media • mode • paradigm •
phenomenon • priority • prohibit • publication • quote • release • reverse • simulate • sole •
somewhat • submit • successor • survive • thesis • topic • transmit • ultimate • unique • visible •
voluntary
Sublist 8
abandon • accompany • accumulate • ambiguous • append • appreciate • arbitrary • automate • bias •
chart • clarify • commodity • complement • conform • contemporary • contradict • crucial • currency •
denote • detect • deviate • displace • drama • eventual • exhibit • exploit • fluctuate • guideline •
highlight • implicit • induce • inevitable • infrastructure • inspect • intense • manipulate • minimize •
nuclear • offset • paragraph • plus • practitioner • predominant • prospect • radical • random •
reinforce • restore • revise • schedule • tense • terminate • theme • thereby • uniform • vehicle • via
• virtual • visual • widespread
Sublist 9
accommodate • analogy • anticipate • assure • attain • behalf • bulk • cease • coherent • coincide •
commence • compatible • concurrent • confine • controversy • converse • device • devote • diminish •
distort • duration • erode • ethic • format • founded • inherent • insight • integral • intermediate •
manual • mature • mediate • medium • military • minimal • mutual • norm • overlap • passive •
portion • preliminary • protocol • qualitative • refine • relax • restrain • revolution • rigid • route •
scenario • sphere • subordinate • supplement • suspen d • team • temporary • trigger • unify • violate
• vision
Sublist 10
adjacent • albeit • assemble • collapse • colleague • compile • conceive • convince • depress •
encounter • enormous • forthcoming • incline • integrity • intrinsic • invoke • levy • li kewise •
nonetheless • notwithstanding • odd • ongoing • panel • persist • pose • reluctance • so -called •
straightforward • undergo • whereby

Reference : http://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/resources/academicwordlist/

IELTS W riting Answer Sheet – T ASK 2
*0181938742*
Do not write below this line
100895/2
TASK 2
Candidate Name
Centre Number
Test date
Module (shade one box)
:Academic General
Training
Candidate Number
D
D MM YYYY

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OFFICIAL USE ONL Y
Candidate Number:
Candidate Number: Examiner 2 Number:
Examiner 1 Number: TR CC LRGRA
TRCC LRGRA
Underlength No. of words Penalty
UnderlengthNo. of words Penalty
Off-topicMemorised Illegible
Off-topicMemorised Illegible
X