IELTS Secrets

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Your Key to IELTS Success

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Copyright © 2002 by MO Media. You have been licensed one copy of this document for personal use only. Any
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From the desk of Tom Paulson, Director of Test-Taking Strategy at IELTS
Secrets, May 5, 2002-

Dear future IELTS Success Story:

Congratulations on your purchase of the most advanced test-taking manual
for the IELTS. Notice I did not say study guide- there are plenty of decent
study guides on the market, but that was not our objective in writing this
manual. Our goal is to seek and exploit specific weaknesses in the IELTS
assessment, and then share those secrets with our customers.

LetIs be perfectly honest here- youIve worked hard enough in the past, and if
you want to spend hours in a study guide to boost your score, thatIs a great
thing to do. In fact, we recommend at least a brief review of some of the
better study guides on the market. But thatIs simply not enough to do well in
the high-pressure high-stakes environment of the test day. How well you do
on this test will have a significant impact on your future- and we have the
research and practical advice to help you execute on test day.

The product youIre reading now is much more than a study guide- it is a
tactical weapon designed to exploit weaknesses in the test itself, and help
you avoid the most common errors students make when taking the IELTS.

How to use this manual

We donIt want to waste your time. This manual is fast-paced and fluff-free.
We suggest going through it a number of times, trying out its methods on a
number of official practice tests.

First, read through the manual completely to get a feel for the content and
organization. Read the general success strategies first, and then proceed to

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the individual test sections. Each tip has been carefully selected for its
effectiveness.

Second, read through the manual again, and take notes in the margins and
highlight those sections where you may have a particular weakness (we
strongly suggest printing the manual out on a high-quality printer).

Third, go through at least one official practice test with the manual at your
side and apply the strategies. We believe three practice tests to be the
ma xi mu m benefi t, the first ti me wi th all strategi es except ti me (take as much
time as you need), the second time with all strategies and time constraints,
and a third time without the benefit of the open manual to refer to during the
test. See the appendix for the exclusive list of practice test sources we
believe to be valuable. Quick tip- there is no greater waste of time than
studying practice tests written by anyone other than IELTS.

Finally, bring the manual with you on test day and study it before the exam
begins.
Your success is our success

We would be delighted to hear your IELTS Success Story. Drop us a line at
ieltssecrets@ieltssecrets.com and tell us your story. Thanks for your
business and we wish you continued success-

Sincerely,

The IELTS Secrets Team

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECRET KEY #1 + TIME IS YOUR GREATEST ENEMY. ............................................................... 1
SUC CE SS STRATEGY #1 ......................................................................................................................... 2
Pace Your self .................................................................................................................. ................ 2
Scanning ....................................................................................................................... .................. 3
SECRET KEY #2 + GUESSING IS NOT GUESSWORK..................................................................... 4
MONKEYS TAKE THE IELTS ................................................................................................................. 4
SUC CE SS STRATEGY #2 ......................................................................................................................... 5
SPECIFIC GUE SSING TECHNIQUES .......................................................................................................... 7
Slang.......................................................................................................................... ..................... 7
Extreme St atemen ts ............................................................................................................. ............ 7
Similar Answer Choices......................................................................................................... .......... 7
Hedging ........................................................................................................................ .................. 8
SUMMARY OF GUESSING TECHNIQUES ................................................................................................... 8
SECRET KEY #3 + PRACTICE SMARTER, NOT HARDER ............................................................ 9
SUC CE SS STRATEGY #3 ......................................................................................................................... 9
SECRET KEY #4 + PREPARE, DON=T PROCRASTINATE ............................................................ 11
THE LISTENING MODULE ........................................................................................................... ... 12
Main Ideas ..................................................................................................................... ............... 12
Voice Changes.................................................................................................................. ............. 12
Specifics ...................................................................................................................... .................. 13
Interpret ...................................................................................................................... .................. 13
Find the Hidden Meaning ........................................................................................................ ...... 13
Memory Enhancers............................................................................................................... ......... 14
THE READING MODULE............................................................................................................. ..... 16
SKI MMING ............................................................................................................................... ........... 16
PAR AGR APH FOCUS ............................................................................................................................ 18
ELIMINATE CHOICES ........................................................................................................................... 19
CONTEXTUAL CLUES .......................................................................................................................... 20
FACT /O PINION ............................................................................................................................... ..... 20
Opposites ............................................................................................................................... ....... 21
Make Pred ictions............................................................................................................... ............ 22
Answer the Question............................................................................................................ .......... 22

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Benchmark ...................................................................................................................... .............. 22
New Inform ation................................................................................................................ ............ 23
Key Words...................................................................................................................... ............... 23
Valid Info rmation .............................................................................................................. ............ 24
TIME MAN AG EMENT ........................................................................................................................... 24
FINAL WARNINGS ............................................................................................................................... 24
Hedge Phrases Revisi ted........................................................................................................ ........ 24
Word Usage Questions ........................................................................................................... ....... 25
Switchback Words ............................................................................................................... .......... 25
Avoid TFact TrapsV............................................................................................................. .......... 26
THE WRITING MODULE............................................................................................................. ..... 27
Brainstorm ..................................................................................................................... ............... 27
Strength through Diversity ............................................................................................................. 27
Pick a Ma in Idea ............................................................................................................... ............ 28
Weed the Garden................................................................................................................ ........... 28
Create a Lo gical Flow .......................................................................................................... ......... 29
Start Your Engines............................................................................................................. ............ 29
Don\t Panic.................................................................................................................... ............... 30
Check Your Work ................................................................................................................ .......... 31
Shortcut Keys ............................................................................................................................... . 32
FINAL NOTE ............................................................................................................................... ........ 32
THE SPEAKING MODULE............................................................................................................ .... 34
Part 1......................................................................................................................... ................... 34
Part 2......................................................................................................................... ................... 34
Part 3......................................................................................................................... ................... 34
Exhausting the Possibilities ................................................................................................... ........ 35
Tell a Story................................................................................................................... ................. 35
One Size F its Al l.............................................................................................................. .............. 36
Find the Bridges ............................................................................................................... ............. 37
Pregnant Pause ............................................................................................................................. 38
Taking the Final Step.......................................................................................................... ........... 38
Practice Make s Perfect ......................................................................................................... ......... 39
SPECIAL REPORT: HOW YOUR IELTS SCORE IS VIEWED, AND WHAT THIS MEANS FOR
YOU ............................................................................................................................ .......................... 40
SPECIAL REPORT: WHAT JOBS REQUIRE WHICH IELTS SCORES ....................................... 41

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SPECIAL REPORT: WHICH IELTS STUDY GUIDES AND PRACTICE TESTS ARE WORTH
YOUR TIME ...................................................................................................................... .................. 42
PRACTICE TESTS ............................................................................................................................... .. 42
STUDY GUID E ............................................................................................................................... ...... 42

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Secret Key #1 C Time is your greatest enemy.
To succeed on the IELTS, you must use your time wisely. Many students do not
finish at least one module. The table below shows the time challenge you are
faced with:

Module Total amount
of time allotted
Number of
questions
Time to answer
each question
Listening 30 min 40 .75 min
Reading 60 min 40 .67 min
Writing 60 min 2 30 min
Speaking 11-14 min N/A N/A


As you can see, the time constraints are brutal. To succeed, you must ration
your time properly. The reason that time is so critical is that every question
counts the same toward your final score. If you run out of time on any passage,
the questions that you do not answer will hurt your score far more than earlier
questions that you spent extra time on and feel certain are correct.

On the Reading Module, the test is separated into passages. The reason that
time is so critical is that 1) every question counts the same toward your final
score, and 2) the passages are not in order of difficulty. If you have to rush
during the last passage, then you will miss out on answering easier questions
correctly. It is natural to want to pause and figure out the hardest questions, but
you must resist the temptation and move quickly.

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Success Strategy #1

Pace Yourself
Wear a watch to the IELTS Test. At the beginning of the test, check the time (or
start a chronometer on your watch to count the minutes), and check the time
after each passage or every few questions to make sure you are `on schedule.a

Remember that on the Listening and Reading Modules you have a little over half
a minute for each question. If you can work quickly, you can pace yourself at half
a minute per question, which makes it easy to keep track of your time.

If you find that you are falling behind time during the test, you must speed up.
Even though a rushed answer is more likely to be incorrect, it is better to miss a
couple of questions by being rushed, than to completely miss later questions by
not having enough time. It is better to end with more time than you need than to
run out of time.

If you are forced to speed up, do it efficiently. Usually one or more answer
choices can be eliminated without too much difficulty. Above all, donIt panic.
DonIt speed up and just begin guessing at random choices. By pacing yourself,
and continually monitoring your progress against the clock or your watch, you will
always know exactly how far ahead or behind you are with your available time. If
you find that you are a few minutes behind on a module, donIt skip questions
without spending any time on it, just to catch back up. Spend perhaps a little less
than half a minute per question and after a few questions, you will have caught
back up more gradually. Once you catch back up, you can continue working each
problem at your normal pace. If you have time at the end, go back then and finish
the questions that you left behind.

Furthermore, donIt dwell on the problems that you were rushed on. If a problem
was taking up too much time and you made a hurried guess, it must have been

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difficult. The difficult questions are the ones you are most likely to miss anyway,
so it isnIt a big loss. If you have time left over, as you review the skipped
questions, start at the earliest skipped question, spend at most another half a
mi nute, and then move on to the next ski pped questi on.

Lastly, sometimes it is beneficial to slow down if you are constantly getting ahead
of time. You are always more likely to catch a careless mistake by working more
slowly than quickly, and among very high-scoring test takers (those who are
likely to have lots of time left over), careless errors affect the score more than
mastery of materi al .

Scanning
For Reading passages, donIt waste time reading, enjoying, and completely
understanding the passage. Simply scan the passage to get a rough idea of
what it is about. You will return to the passage for each question, so there is no
need to memorize it. Only spend as much time scanning as is necessary to get a
vague impression of its overall subject content.

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Secret Key #2 C Guessing is not guesswork.
You probably know that guessing is a good idea on the IELTS- unlike other
standardized tests, there is no penalty for getting a wrong answer. Even if you
have no idea about a question, you still have a 20-25% chance of getting it right.

Most students do not understand the impact that proper guessing can have on
their score. Unless you score extremely high, guessing will significantly
contribute to your final score.

Monkeys Take the IELTS
What most students donIt realize is that to insure that 20-25% chance, you have
to guess randomly. If you put 20 monkeys in a room to take the IELTS,
assuming they answered once per question and behaved themselves, on
average they would get 20-25% of the questions correct on a five choice multiple
choice problem. Put 20 students in the room, and the average will be much
lower among guessed questions. Why?

1. IELTS intentionally writes deceptive answer choices that `looka right. A
student has no idea about a question, so picks the `best lookinga answer,
which is often wrong. The monkey has no idea what looks good and what
doesnIt, so will consistently be lucky about 20-25% of the time.
2. Students will eliminate answer choices from the guessing pool based on a
hunch or intuition. Simple but correct answers often get excluded, leaving a
0% chance of being correct. The monkey has no clue, and often gets lucky
with the best choice.

This is why the process of elimination endorsed by most test courses is flawed
and detrimental to your performance- students donIt guess, they make an
ignorant stab in the dark that is usually worse than random.

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Success Strategy #2
Let me introduce one of the most valuable ideas of this course- the $5 challenge:

You only mark your Cbest guessE if you are willing to bet $5 on it.
You only eliminate choices from guessing if you are willing to bet $5 on it.

Why $5? Five dollars is an amount of money that is small yet not insignificant,
and can really add up fast (20 questions could cost you $100). Likewise, each
answer choice on one question of the IELTS will have a small impact on your
overall score, but it can really add up to a lot of points in the end.

The process of elimination IS valuable. The following shows your chance of
guessing it right:
If you eliminate this many choices on a
3 choice multiple choice problem:
0 1 2
Chance of getting it correct 33% 50% 100%

However, if you accidentally eliminate the right answer or go on a hunch for an
incorrect answer, your chances drop dramatically: to 0%. By guessing among all
the answer choices, you are GUARANTEED to have a shot at the right answer.

ThatIs why the $5 test is so valuable- if you give up the advantage and safety of
a pure guess, it had better be worth the risk.

What we still havenIt covered is how to be sure that whatever guess you make is
truly random. HereIs the easiest way:

Always pick the first answer choice among those remaining.

Such a technique means that you have decided, before you see a single test
question , exactly how you are going to guess- and since the order of choices

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tells you nothing about which one is correct, this guessing technique is perfectly
random.

LetIs try an example-

A student encounters the following problem on the Listening Module in a
conversation about the chemical term `amine,a a derivative of ammonia:

In the reaction, the amine will be?
A. neutralized
B. protonated
C. deprotonated

The student has a small idea about this question- he is pretty sure that the amine
will be deprotonated, but he wouldnIt bet $5 on it. He knows that the amine is
either protonated or deprotoned, so he is willing to bet $5 on choice A not being
correct. Now he is down to B and C. At this point, he guesses B, since B is the
first choice remaining.

The student is correct by choosing B, since the amine will be protonated. He
only eliminated those choices he was willing to bet money on, AND he did not let
his stale memories (often things not known definitely will get mixed up in the
exact opposite arrangement in oneIs head) about protonation and deprotonation
influence his guess. He blindly chose the first remaining choice, and was
rewarded with the fruits of a random guess.

This section is not meant to scare you away from making educated guesses or
eliminating choices- you just need to define when a choice is worth eliminating.
The $5 test, along with a pre-defined random guessing strategy, is the best way
to make sure you reap all of the benefits of guessing.

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Specific Guessing Techniques
Slang
Scientific sounding answers are better than slang ones. In the answer choices
below, choice B is much less scientific and is incorrect, while choice A is a
scientific analytical choice and is correct.

Example:
A.) To compare the outcomes of the two different kinds of treatment.
B.) Because some subjects insisted on getti ng one or the other of the treatments.

Extreme Statements
Avoid wild answers that throw out highly controversial ideas that are proclaimed
as established fact. Choice A is a radical idea and is incorrect. Choice B is a
calm rational statement. Notice that Choice B does not make a definitive,
uncompromising stance, using a hedge word `ifa to provide wiggle room.

Example:
A.) Bypass surgery should be discontinued completely.
B.) Medication should be used instead of surgery for patients who have not had a
heart attack if they suffer from mild chest pain and mild coronary artery blockage.

Similar Answer Choices
When you have two answer choices that are direct opposites, one of them is
usually the correct answer.
Example:

A.) described the authorIs reasoning about the influence of his childhood on his
adult life.
B.) described the authorIs reasoning about the influence of his parents on his
adult life.

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These two answer choices are very similar and fall into the same family of
answer choices. A family of answer choices is when two or three answer choices
are very similar. Often two will be opposites and one may show an equality.
Example:
A.) Plan I or Plan II can be conducted at equal cost
B.) Plan I would be less expensive than Plan II
C.) Plan II would be less expensive than Plan I
D.) Neither Plan I nor Plan II would be effective

Note how the first three choices are all related. They all ask about a cost
comparison. Beware of immediately recognizing choices B and C as opposites
and choosing one of those two. Choice A is in the same family of questions and
should be considered as well. However, choice D is not in the same family of
questions. It has nothing to do with cost and can be discounted in most cases.

Hedging
When asked for a conclusion that may be drawn, look for critical `hedgea
phrases, such as likely, may, can, will often, sometimes, etc, often, almost,
mostly, usually, generally, rarely, sometimes. Question writers insert these
hedge phrases to cover every possibility. Often an answer will be wrong simply
because it leaves no room for excepti on. Avoid answer choices that have
definitive words like `exactly,a and `alwaysa.

Summary of Guessing Techniques
1. Eliminate as many choices as you can by using the $5 test. Use the common
guessing strategies to help in the elimination process, but only eliminate
choices that pass the $5 test.
2. Among the remaining choices, only pick your `best guessa if it passes the $5
test.
3. Otherwise, guess randomly by picking the first remaining choice.

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Secret Key #3 C Practice Smarter, Not Harder
Many students delay the test preparation process because they dread the awful
amounts of practice time they think necessary to succeed on the test. We have
refined an effective method that will take you only a fraction of the time.

There are a number of `obstaclesa in y our way on the IELTS. Among these are
answering questions, finishing in time, and mastering test-taking strategies. All
must be e xecuted on the day of the test at peak performance, or your score will
suffer. The IELTS is a mental marathon that has a large impact on your future.

Just like a marathon runner, it is important to work your way up to the full
challenge. So first you just worry about questions, and then time, and finally
strategy:
Success Strategy #3
1. Find a good source for IELTS practice tests. These must be OFFICIAL
IELTS tests, or they will be of little use. The best source for these is
official practice tests from IELTS. A link to a source of official practice
tests is included in the appendix.
2. If you are willing to make a larger time investment (or if you want to really
`learna the material, a time consuming but ultimately valuable endeavor),
consider buying one of the better study guides on the market. Again, do
NOT use their practice tests, just the study guide.
3. Take a practice test with no time constraints, with all study helps `open
book.a Take your time with questions and focus on applying the
strategies.
4. Take another test, this time with time constraints, with all study helps
`open book.a
5. Take a final practice test with no open material and time limits.

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If you have time to take more practice tests, just repeat step 5. By gradually
exposing yourself to the full rigors of the test environment, you will condition
your mind to the stress of test day and maximize your success.

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Secret Key #4 C Prepare, DonQt Procrastinate
Let me state an obvious fact: if you take the IELTS three times, you will get three
different scores. This is due to the way you feel on test day, the level of
preparedness you have, and, despite IELTSIs claims to the contrary, some tests
WILL be easier for you than others.

Since so much depends on your score, you should maximize your chances of
success. In order to maximize the likelihood of success, youIve got to prepare in
advance. This means taking official practice tests and spending time learning the
information and test taking strategies you will need to succeed.

You can always retake the test more than once, but remember that you will have
to wait a minimum of three months before retaking the test. DonIt get into a
situation where you need a higher score and canIt afford to wait, so donIt take the
IELTS as a `practicea test. Feel free to take sample tests on your own, but when
you go to take the IELTS, be prepared, be focused, and do your best the first
time!

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The Listening Module
The Listening module of the IELTS consists of a total of 40 questions.

There are four sections:
1. Social Needs l Conversation between two speakers
2. Social Needs l Speech by one speaker
3. Educational or Training l Conversation between up to four speakers
4. Educational or Training l Speech by one speaker

Main Ideas
Important words and main ideas in conversation are ones that will come up again
and again. Listen carefully for any word or words that come up repeatedly. What
words come up in nearly every statement made? These words with high
frequency are likely to be in the main idea of the conversation. For example, in a
conversation about class size in the business department of a college, the term
`class sizea is likely to appear in nearly every statement made by either speaker
in the discussion.

Voice Changes
IELTS expects you to be able to recognize and interpret nuances of speech. Be
on the alert for any changes in voice, which might register surprise, excitement,
or another emotion. If a speaker is talking in a normal monotone voice and
suddenly raises their voice to a high pitch, that is a huge clue that something
critical is being stated. Listen for a speaker to change their voice and understand
the meaning of what they are saying.
Example:
Man: LetIs go to Wal-mart.
Woman: ThereKs a Wal-mart in this small town?

If the womanIs statement was higher pitched, indicating surprise and shock, then
she probably did not expect there to be a Wal-mart in that town.

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Specifics
Listen carefully for specific pieces of information. Adjectives are commonly
asked about in IELTS questions. Try to remember any main adjectives that are
mentioned. Pick out adjectives such as numbers, colors, or sizes.
Example:
Man: LetIs go to the store and get some apples to make the pie.
Woman: How many do we need?
Man: WeIll need five apples to make the pie.

A typical question might be about how many apples were needed.

Interpret
As you are listening to the conversation, put yourself in the personIs shoes.
Think about why someone would make a statement. YouIll need to do more than
just regurgitate the spoken words but also interpret them.
Example:
Woman: I think IIm sick with the flu.
Man: Why donIt you go see the campus doctor?

Sample Question: Why did the man mention the campus doctor?
Answer: The campus doctor would be able to determine if the woman had the flu.

Find the Hidden Meaning
Look for the meaning behind a statement. When a speaker answers a question
with a statement that doesnIt immediately seem to answer the question, the
response probably contained a hidden meaning that you will need to recognize
and explain.
Man: Are you going to be ready for your presentation?
Woman: IIve only got half of it finished and itIs taken me five hours just to do this
much. ThereIs only an hour left before the presentation is due.

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At first, the woman did not seem to answer the question the man presented. She
responded with a statement that only seemed loosely related. Once you look
deeper, then you can find the true meaning of what she said. If it took the
woman five hours to do the first half of the presentation, then it would logically
take her another five hours to do the second half. Since she only has one hour
until her presentation is due, she would probably NOT be able to be ready for the
presentation. So, while an answer was not immediately visible to the manIs
question, when you applied some logic to her response, you could find the
hidden meaning beneath.


Memory Enhancers
You have scratch paper provided to you while taking the test. This can be a
huge help. While you listen, you are free to make notes. If different people are
talking, use short hand to describe the main characteristics of each speaker. As
you hear main adjectives that you think might be hard to remember, jot them
down quickly in order that you can refer to them later during the question stage.
Use your notes to help you remember those hard to remember facts. DonIt end
your test without making use of your scratch paper ally.
Example:
Speaker 1: IIm Bob Thomas, and IIm majoring in business development.
Speaker 2: IIm Matt Smith, and IIm majoring in chemical engineering.
Speaker 3: IIm John Douglass, and IIm majoring in speech therapy.

Your short hand might read:
Bob l Bus.
Matt l Chem. E
John l Sp. Th.

On subsequent questions about the characte rs, youIll be able to remember these
basic facts and answer more accurately. However, donIt spend so much time

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maki ng notes that you mi ss somethi ng on the tape. You wonIt be able to rewi nd
it and catch what you miss. The idea is that the notes should only supplement
your memory, not replace it.

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The Reading Module
The Reading module of the IELTS consists of a total of 40 questions.

There are three passages, with a total of 2,000 to 2,750 words.

Skimming
Your first task when you begin reading is to answer the question `What is the
topic of the selection?a This can best be answered by quickly skimming the
passage for the general idea, stopping to read only the first sentence of each
paragraph. A paragraphIs first sentence is usually the main topic sentence, and it
gives you a summary of the content of the paragraph.

Once youIve skimmed the passage, stopping to read only the first sentences, you
will have a general idea about what it is about, as well as what is the expected
topic in each paragraph.

Each question will contain clues as to where to find the answer in the passage.
Do not just randomly search through the passage for the correct answer to each
question. Search scientifically. Find key word(s) or ideas in the question that are
going to either contain or be near the correct answer. These are typically nouns,
verbs, numbers, or phrases in the question that will probably be duplicated in the
passage. Once you have identified those key word(s) or idea, skim the passage
quickly to find where those key word(s) or idea appears. The correct answer
choice will be nearby.

Example: What caused Martin to suddenly return to Paris?

The key word is Paris. Skim the passage quickly to find where this word
appears. The answer will be close by that word.

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However, sometimes key words in the question are not repeated in the passage.
In those cases, search for the general idea of the question.

Example: Which of the following was the psychological impact of the authorIs
childhood upon the remainder of his life?

Key words are `childhooda or `psychologya. While searching for those words, be
alert for other words or phrases that have similar meaning, such as `emotional
effecta or `mentallya which could be used in the passage, rather than the exact
word `psychologya.

Numbers or years can be particularly good key words to skim for, as they stand
out from the rest of the text.

Example: Which of the following best describes the influence of MonetIs work in
the 20th century?

20th contains numbers and will easily stand out from the rest of the text. Use
20th as the key word to skim for in the passage.

Once youIve quickly found the correct section of the passage to find the answer,
focus upon the answer choices. Sometimes a choice will repeat word for word a
portion of the passage near the answer. However, beware of such duplication l
it may be a trap! More than likely, the correct choice will paraphrase or
summarize the related portion of the passage, rather than being exactly the same
wording.

For the answers that you think are correct, read them carefully and make sure
that they answer the question. An answer can be factually correct, but it MUST
answer the question asked. Additionall y, two answers can both be seemingly

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correct, so be sure to read all of the answer choices, and make sure that you get
the one that BEST answers the question.

Some questions will not have a key word.

Example: Which of the following would the author of this passage likely agree
with?

In these cases, look for key words in the answer choices. Then skim the
passage to find where the answer choice occurs. By skimming to find where to
look, you can minimize the time required.

Sometimes it may be difficult to identify a good key word in the question to skim
for in the passage. In those cases, look for a key word in one of the answer
choices to skim for. Often the answer choices can all be found in the same
paragraph, which can quickly narrow your search.

Paragraph Focus
Focus upon the first sentence of each paragraph, which is the most important.
The main topic of the paragraph is usually there.

Once youIve read the first sentence in the paragraph, you have a general idea
about what each paragraph will be about. As you read the questions, try to
determine which paragraph will have the answer. Paragraphs have a concise
topic. The answer should either obviously be there or obviously not. It will save
time if you can jump straight to the paragraph, so try to remember what you
learned from the first sentences.
Example: The first paragraph is about poets; the second is about poetry. If a
question asks about poetry, where will the answer be? The second paragraph.

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The main idea of a passage is typically spread across all or most of its
paragraphs. Whereas the main idea of a paragraph may be completely different
than the main idea of the very next paragraph, a main idea for a passage affects
all of the paragraphs in one form or another.
Example: What is the main idea of the passage?

For each answer choice, try to see how many paragraphs are related. It can help
to count how many sentences are affected by each choice, but it is best to see
how many paragraphs are affected by the choice. Typically the answer choices
will include incorrect choices that are main ideas of individual paragraphs, but not
the entire passage. That is why it is crucial to choose ideas that are supported
by the most paragraphs possible.

Eliminate Choices
Some choices can quickly be eliminated. `Andy Warhol lived there.a Is Andy
Warhol even mentioned in the article? If not, quickly eliminate it.

When trying to answer a question such as `the passage indicates all of the
following EXCEPTa quickly skim the paragraph searching for references to each
choice. If the reference exists, scratch it off as a choice. Similar choices may be
crossed off simultaneously if they are close enough.

In choices that ask you to choose `which answer choice does NOT describe?a or
`all of the following answer choices are identifiable characteristics, EXCEPT
which?a look for answers that are similarly worded. Since only one answer can
be correct, if there are two answers that appear to mean the same thing, they
must BOTH be incorrect, and can be eli mi nated.
Example:
A.) changing values and attitudes
B.) a large population of mobile or uprooted people

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These answer choices are similar; they both describe a fluid culture. Because of
their similarity, they can be linked together. Since the answer can have only one
choice, they can also be eliminated together.


Contextual Clues
Look for contextual clues. An answer can be right but not correct. The
contextual clues will help you find the answer that is most right and is correct.
Understand the context in which a phrase is stated.

When asked for the implied meaning of a statement made in the passage,
immediately go find the statement and read the context it was made in. Also,
look for an answer choice that has a similar phrase to the statement in question.
Example: In the passage, what is implied by the phrase `Churches have become
more or l ess part of the furni turea?

Find an answer choice that is similar or describes the phrase `part of the
furniturea as that is the key phrase in the question. `Part of the furniturea is a
saying that means something is fixed, immovable, or set in their ways. Those
are all similar ways of saying `part of the furniture.a As such, the correct answer
choice will probably include a similar rewording of the expression.
Example: Why was John described as `morally desperatea.

The answer will probably have some sort of definition of morals in it. `Moralsa
refers to a code of right and wrong behavior, so the correct answer choice will
likely have words that mean something like that.

Fact/Opinion
When asked about which statement is a fact or opinion, remember that answer
choices that are facts will typically have no ambiguous words. For example, how
long is a long time? What defines an ordinary person? These ambiguous words

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of `longa and `ordinarya should not be in a factual statement. However, if all of
the choices have ambiguous words, go to the context of the passage. Often a
factual statement may be set out as a research finding.
Example: `The scientist found that the eye reacts quickly to change in light.a

Opinions may be set out in the context of words like thought, believed,
understood, or wished.
Example: `He thought the Yankees should win the World Series.a

Opposites
Answer choices that are direct opposites are usually correct. The paragraph will
often contain established relationships (w hen this goes up, that goes down). The
question may ask you to draw conclusions for this and will give two similar
answer choices that are opposites.
Example:
A.) if other factors are held constant, then increasing the interest rate will lead to
a decrease in housing starts
B.) if other factors are held constant, then increasing the interest rate will lead to
an increase in housing starts

Often these opposites will not be so clearly recognized. DonIt be thrown off by
different wording, look for the meaning beneath. Notice how these two answer
choices are really opposites, with just a slight change in the wording shown
above. Once you realize these are opposit es, you should examine them closely.
One of these two is likely to be the correct answer.
Example:
A.) if other factors are held constant, then increasing the interest rate will lead to
a decrease in housing starts
B.) when there is an increase in housing starts, and other things remaining equal,
it is often the result of an increase in interest rates

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Make Predictions
As you read and understand the passage and then the question, try to guess
what the answer will be. Remember that most of the answer choices are wrong,
and once you being reading them, your mind will immediately become cluttered
with answer choices designed to throw you off. Your mind is typically the most
focused immediately after you have read the passage and question and digested
its contents. If you can, try to predict what the correct answer will be. You may
be surprised at what you can predict.

Quickly scan the choices and see if your prediction is in the listed answer
choices. If it is, then you can be quite confident that you have the right answer.
It still wonIt hurt to check the other answer choices, but most of the time, youIve
got it!

Answer the Question
It may seem obvious to only pick answer choices that answer the question, but
IELTS can create some excellent answer choices that are wrong. DonIt pick an
answer just because it sounds right, or you believe it to be true. It MUST answer
the question. Once youIve made your selection, always go back and check it
against the question and make sure that you didnIt misread the question, and the
answer choice does answer the question posed.

Benchmark
After you read the first answer choice, decide if you think it sounds correct or not.
If it doesnIt, move on to the next answer choice. If it does, make a mental note
about that choice. This doesnIt mean that youIve definitely selected it as your
answer choice, it just means that itIs the best youIve seen thus far. Go ahead
and read the next choice. If the next choice is worse than the one youIve already
selected, keep going to the next answer choice. If the next choice is better than
the choice youIve already selected, then make a mental note about that answer
choice.

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As you read through the list, you are mentally noting the choice you think is right.
That is your new standard. Every other answer choice must be benchmarked
against that standard. That choice is correct until proven otherwise by another
answer choice beating it out. Once youIve decided that no other answer choice
seems as good, do one final check to ensure that it answers the question posed.

New Information
Correct answers will usually contain the information listed in the paragraph and
question. Rarely will completely new information be inserted into a correct
answer choice. Occasionally the new information may be related in a manner
than IELTS is asking for you to interpret, but seldom.
Example:
The argument above is dependent upon which of the following assumptions?
A.) Scientists have used CharlesIs Law to interpret the relationship.

If CharlesIs Law is not mentioned at all in the referenced paragraph and
argument, then it is unlikely that this choice is correct. All of the information
needed to answer the question is provided for you, and so you should not have
to make guesses that are unsupported or choose answer choices that have
unknown information that cannot be reasoned.

Key Words
Look for answer choices that have the same key words in them as the question.
Example:
Which of the following, if true, would best explain the reluctance of politicians
since 1980 to support this funding?

Look for the key words `since 1980a to be referenced in the correct answer
choice. Most valid answer choices would probably include a phrase such as
`since 1980, politicians have...a

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Valid Information
DonIt discount any of the information provided in the passage, particularly shorter
ones. Every piece of information may be necessary to determine the correct
answer. None of the information in the passage is there to throw you off (while
the answer choices will certainly have information to throw you off). If two
seemingly unrelated topics are discussed, donIt ignore either. You can be
confident there is a relationship, or it wouldnIt be included in the passage, and
you are probably going to have to determine what is that relationship for the
answer.

Time Management
In technical passages, do not get lost on the technical terms. Skip them and
move on. You want a general understanding of what is going on, not a mastery
of the passage.

When you encounter material in the selection that seems difficult to understand,
it often may not be necessary and can be skipped. Only spend time trying to
understand it if it is going to be relevant for a question. Understand difficult
phrases only as a last resort.

Identify each question by type. Usually the wording of a question will tell you
whether you can find the answer by referring directly to the passage or by using
your reasoning powers. You alone k now which question types you customarily
handle with ease and which give you trouble and will require more time.

Final Warnings
Hedge Phrases Revisited
Once again, watch out for critical `hedgea phrases, such as likely, may, can, will
often, sometimes, etc, often, almost, mostly, usually, generally, rarely,
sometimes. Question writers insert these hedge phrases, to cover every

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possibility. Often an answer will be wrong si mply because it leaves no room for
exception.
Example: Animals live longer in cold places than animals in warm places.

This answer choice is wrong, because there are exceptions in which certain
warm climate animals live longer. This answer choice leaves no possibility of
exception. It states that every animal species in cold places live longer than
animal species in warm places. Correct answer choices will typically have a key
hedge word to leave room for exceptions.
Example: In severe cold, a polar bear cub is likely to survive longer than an adult
polar bear.

This answer choice is correct, because not only does the passage imply that
younger animals survive better in the cold, it also allows for exceptions to exist.
The use of the word `likelya leaves room for cases in which a polar bear cub
might not survive longer than the adult polar bear.

Word Usage Questions
When asked how a word is used in the passage, donIt use your existing
knowledge of the word. The question is being asked precisely because there is
some strange or unusual usage of the word in the passage. Go to the passage
and use contextual clues to determine the answer. DonIt simply use the popular
definition you already know.

Switchback Words
Stay alert for `switchbacksa. These are the words and phrases frequently used to
alert you to shifts in thought. The most common switchback word is `buta.
Others include although, however, nevertheless, on the other hand, even though,
while, in spite of, despite, regardless of.

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Avoid [Fact Traps\
Once you know which paragraph the answer will be in, focus on that paragraph.
However, donIt get distracted by a choice that is factually true about the
paragraph. Your search is for the answer that answers the question, which may
be about a tiny aspect in the paragraph. Stay focused and donIt fall for an
answer that describes the larger picture of the paragraph. Always go back to the
question and make sure youIre choosing an answer that actually answers the
question and is not just a true statement.

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The Writing Module

The Writing module of the IELTS consists of a 60 minute module with two tasks.

Task 1: A diagram or table will be presented to you and you must write out
approximately a 150 word discussion on it within approximately 20 minutes. You
must eval uate the di agram or tabl e, organi ze your i deas, and devel op them i nto a
cohesive and coherent explanation.

Task 2: A topic will be presented to you and you must write out approximately a
250 word discussion on it within approximately 40 minutes. There is not a
`correcta answer to the topic. You must evaluate the topic, organize your ideas,
and develop them into a cohesive and coherent response.

You will be scored on how well you are able to utilize standard written English,
organize and explain your thoughts, and support those thoughts with reasons
and examples.

Brainstorm
Spend the first three to five minutes brainstorming out ideas. Write down any
ideas you might have on the topic or table. The purpose is to extract from the
recesses of your memory any relevant information. In this stage, anything goes
down. Write down any idea, regardless of how good it may initially seem. You
can use either the scratch paper provided or the word processor to quickly jot
down your thoughts and ideas. The word processor is highly recommended
though, particularly if you are a fast typist.

Strength through Diversity
The best papers will contain diversity of examples and reasoning. As you
brainstorm consider different perspectives. Not only are there two sides to every
issue, but there are also countless perspectives that can be considered. On any

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issue, different groups are impacted, with many reaching the same conclusion or
position, but through vastly different paths. Try to `seea the issue through as
many di fferent eyes as you can. Look at it from every angle and from every
vantage point. The more diverse the reasoning used, the more balanced the
paper will become and the better the score.
Example:
The issue of free trade is not just two sided. It impacts politicians, domestic (US)
manufacturers, foreign manufacturers, the US economy, the world economy,
strategic alliances, retailers, wholesalers, consumers, unions, workers, and the
exchange of more than just goods, but also of ideas, beliefs, and cultures. The
more of these angles that you can approach the issue from, the more solid your
reasoning and the stronger your position.

Furthermore, donIt just use information as to how the issue impacts other people.
Draw liberally from your own experience and your own observations. Explain a
personal experience that you have had and your own emotions from that
mo ment. Anythi ng that youIve seen i n your communi ty or observed in soci ety
can be expanded upon to further round out your position on the issue.

Pick a Main Idea
Once you have finished with your creative flow, stop and review it. Which idea
were you able to come up with the most supporting information? ItIs extremely
important that you pick an angle that will allow you to have a thorough and
comprehensive coverage of the topic or table. This is not about your personal
convictions, but about writing a concise rational discussion of an idea.

Weed the Garden
Every garden of ideas gets weeds in it. The ideas that you brainstormed over
are going to be random pieces of information of mixed value. Go through it
methodi call y and pi ck out the ones that are the best. The best i deas are strong
points that it will be easy to write a few sentences or a paragraph about.

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Create a Logical Flow
Now that you know which ideas you are going to use and focus upon, organize
them. Put your writing points in a logical order. You have your main ideas that
you will focus on, and must align them in a sequence that will flow in a smooth,
sensible path from point to point, so that the reader will go smoothly from one
idea to the next in a logical path. Readers must have a sense of continuity as
they read your paper. You donIt want to have a paper that rambles back and
forth.

Start Your Engines
You have a logical flow of main ideas with which to start writing. Begin
expanding on the issues in the sequence that you have set for yourself. Pace
yourself. DonIt spend too much time on any one of the ideas that you are
expanding upon. You want to have time for all of them. Make sure you watch
your time. If you have twenty minutes left to write out your ideas and you have
ten ideas, then you can only use two minutes per idea. It can be a daunting task
to cram a lot of information down in words in a short amount of time, but if you
pace yourself, you can get through it all. If you find that you are falling behind,
speed up. Move through each idea more quickly, spending less time to expand
upon the idea in order to catch back up.

Once you finish expanding on each idea, go back to your brainstorming session
up above, where you wrote out your id eas. Go ahead and erase the ideas as
you write about them. This will let you see what you need to write about next,
and also allow you to pace yourself and see what you have left to cover.

First Paragraph
Your first paragraph should have several easily identifiable features.
First, it should have a quick description or paraphrasing of the topic or table. Use
your own words to briefly explain what the topic or table is about.

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Second, you should explain your opinion of the topic or table and give an
explanation of why you feel that way. What is your decision or conclusion on the
topic or table?
Third, you should list your `writing pointsa. What are the main ideas that you
came up with earlier? This is your opportunity to outline the rest of your paper.
Have a sentence explaining each idea that you will go intend further depth in
additional paragraphs. If someone was to only read this paragraph, they should
be able to get an `executive summarya of the entire paper.

Body Paragraph
Each of your successive paragraphs should expand upon one of the points listed
in the main paragraph. Use your personal experience and knowledge to support
each of your points. Examples should back up everything.

Conclusion Paragraph
Once you have finished expanding upon each of your main points, wrap it up.
Summarize what you have said and covered in a conclusion paragraph. Explain
once more your opinion of the topic or table and quickly review why you feel that
way. At this stage, you have already backed up your statements, so there is no
need to do that again. All you are doing is refreshing in the mind of the reader
the main points that you have made.

DonQt Panic
Panicking will not put down any more words on paper for you. Therefore, it isnIt
helpful. When you first see the topic or table, if your mind goes as blank as the
page on which you have to write your paper, take a deep breath. Force yourself
to mechanically go through the steps listed above.

Secondly, donIt get clock fever. ItIs easy to be overwhelmed when youIre looking
at a page that doesnIt seem to have much text, there is a lot of blank space
further down, your mind is full of random thoughts and feeling confused, and the
clock is ticking down faster than you would like. You brainstormed first so that

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you donIt have to keep coming up with ideas. If youIre running out of time and
you have a lot of ideas that you havenIt expanded upon, donIt be afraid to make
some cuts. Start picking the best ideas that you have left and expand on those
few. DonIt feel like you have to write down and expand all of your ideas.

Check Your Work
It is more important to have a shorter paper that is well written and well
organized, than a longer paper that is poorly written and poorly organized.
Remember though that you will be penalized for answers shorter than the
required minimum limit. DonIt keep writing about a subject just to add words and
sentences, and certainly donIt start repeating yourself. Expand on the ideas that
you identified in the brainstorming session and make sure that you save yourself
a few minutes at the end to go back and check your work.

Leave time at the end, at least three minutes, to go back and check over your
work. Reread and make sure that everything youIve written makes sense and
flows. Clean up any spelling or grammar mistakes that you might have made. If
you see anything that needs to be moved around, such as a paragraph that
would fit in better somewhere else, cut and paste it to that new location. Also, go
ahead and erase any brainstorming ideas that you werenIt able to expand upon
and clean up any other extraneous information that you might have written that
doesnIt fit into your paper.

As you proofread, make sure there arenI t any fragments or run-ons. Check for
sentences that are too short or too long. If the sentence is too short, look to see
if you have an identifiable subject and verb. If it is too long, break it up into two
separate sentences. Watch out for any `biga words you may have used. ItIs
good to use difficult vocabulary words, but only if you are positive that you are
using them correctly. Your paper has to be correct, it doesnIt have to be fancy.
YouIre not trying to impress anyone with your vocabulary, just your ability to
develop and express ideas.

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Shortcut Keys
If youIre taking the IELTS on the computer, spend some time on your keyboard
getting familiar with the shortcut keys to cut, copy, and paste. It will help you to
quickly move text around on your paper. First highlight the text you wish to move
or copy and then type:
Ctrl+C = copy
Ctrl+X = cut
Ctrl+V = paste
You must hold down the ctrl key and then tap the `ca, `xa, or `va key to perform
the desired function.

Final Note
Depending on your test taking preferences and personality, the essay writing will
probably be your hardest or your easiest section. You are required to go through
the entire process of writing a paper very quickly, which can be quite a challenge.

Focus upon each of the steps listed above. Go through the process of creative
flow first, generating ideas and thoughts about the topic or table. Then organize
those ideas into a smooth logical flow. Pick out the ones that are best from the
list you have created. Decide which main idea or angle of the topic or table you
will discuss.

Create a recognizable structure in your paper, with an introductory paragraph
explaining what you have decided upon, and what your main points will be. Use
the body paragraphs to expand on those main points and have a conclusion that
wraps up the topic or table.

Save a few moments to go back and review what you have written. Clean up
any minor mistakes that you might have had and give it those last few critical

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touches that can make a huge difference. Finally, be proud and confident of
what you have written!

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The Speaking Module

The Speaking Module of the IELTS consists of a 60 minute module with three
parts.

Part 1
You will need to answer general questions about yourself, your homes/families,
your jobs/studies, your interests, and a range of familiar topic areas in four to five
mi nutes.

Part 2
You will be given a verbal prompt on a card and asked to speak about a
particular topic (listed on the card). You will have one minute to prepare before
speaking at length, and will need to speak between one and two minutes. Then
the examiner will ask you one or two follow up questions.

Part 3
You and the examiner will engage in a discussion of more abstract concepts and
issues which will be linked to the topic you discussed in Part 2. The discussion
will last between four and five minutes.

You will be scored on how well you are able to communicate effectively in
English.

Of all the test modules on IELTS, this is the easiest to prepare for. This is the
test module that you can practice anywhere, in your car, in your room, on the
phone, by yourself or with someone else. After you successfully pass IELTS,
you will be speaking English a lot, so you might as well prepare by speaking it at
every opportunity beforehand.

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Exhausting the Possibilities
Part 1 will ask basic questions. There are only so many possible basic questions
that can be asked about someone. You can easily be prepared for every
possibility. Go through and write down all the possibilities and a good answer for
each. When youIre asked about your family, donIt have to struggle to come up
with descriptions for your family members. Practice ahead of time and know
what youIre going to say. Right now as youIre reading this, stop and take a
mi nute to answer each of these fol lowi ng questi ons. If you were asked these i n
an interview, what would you say?
1. Please describe yourself.
2. Please describe your family.
3. Please describe your home.
4. Please describe some of your interests.
5. Please describe your job.
6. Please describe your studies

This is important practice. Make sure that you can spend a minute or so
answering each of these questions without having to take time to think of a good
response. These are basic questions a nd you should have your basic answers
ready.

Tell a Story
Movie making is a multi-billion dollar industry. Why? ItIs because everyone likes
to hear a good story, and the best movies contain great stories. The Speaking
Module interview can be a big aggravation for both sides. Usually, it is tense,
uncomfortable, and boring for both the interviewer and the test taker.

Think about your favorite relatives. In many cases, they are your favorite
because they are such raconteurs, or goo d storytellers. These are your aunts
and uncles that can turn a simple trip to the grocery store into high adventure and
will keep you captivated and entertained. Even if youIre not a natural storyteller,

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with a little thought and practice, even you can turn your dull past experiences
into exciting exploits.

Stories are your strongest weapon for captivating the interviewer and
demonstrating your mastery of speaking English. The questions in Part 2 of the
Speaking Module literally beg for stories to be told. These need to be compelling
stories, real time drama, and youIre the hero. You want the interviewer begging
for more, asking follow-up questions, eager to hear how it ends. Once you begin
a quick exciting story, you set the tone of the interview, and you will determine
what will be the follow-up questions.

The easiest way to prepare for these Part 2 questions is to scour your memory
for any exciting instance in your past. Perhaps where you played a leadership
role or accomplished a goal. These can be from any part of your past, during
your education, at home with your family, projects at work, or anything that you
mi ght have had a part in. Identi fy the mai n characteri sti cs of the story, you want
to have things straight. Make sure you know the basics of what happened, who
was involved, why it occurred, and how the events unfolded sequentially. You
certainly donIt want to stumble over the facts and repeat yourself during the
interview.

One Size Fits All
These basic stories are building blocks. Just as a piece of lumber can be cut into
many different shapes and have many completely unique uses, each of your
stories does not only answer one unique question. Your stories are one size fits
all. With practice you will find that you can use the same story to answer two
seemingly unrelated questions.

For example, a question about teamwork and working under pressure can both
be answered by a story about your experience playing intramural basketball.
The story could describe how you had to work as a team in order to get into the

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playoffs, spending time practicing together, coordinating plays, whatever was
necessary for the team to advance. Alternatively, the story could focus upon the
clutch shots that you made that season in order to win the game in the last few
seconds of play under enormous pressure. The basic story is the same: your
experiences playing basketball.

The questions were different, but you customized the story to fit the question.
With practice you should be able to answer almost any question with just a few
stock stories that can be customized.

Find the Bridges
Some questions will lend themselves more readily to a story than others. You
must have a set of basic stories ready that can be modified to fit the occasion.
You must `find the bridgesa in the questions offered to make sure your stories get
told.

In WWII, the US Army used Bailey bridges. Bailey bridges were bridges made of
prefabricated steel sections that were carried around and could be thrown
together at a momentIs notice, allowing the army to move quickly across any
obstacle and get to where they wanted to go.

You need to find bridges, i.e. opportunities to tell your stories. Look for any
chance to turn a standard question about anything, into a bridge to begin telling
your story. For example, `What is your job title?a

On the surface that might not seem like the ideal bridge, but with a little insight
your response might become:

`My job title is Product Line Manager. I was responsible for everything from the
development of new products, to the obsole scence of old products. Marketing,
sales, engineering, and production of the entire product line fell under my

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other reproduction or redistribution is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved .

responsibility. One of the products was even my own idea based on feedback I
received from my interactions with our customers. In the first year, it alone had
achieved a sales level of overra

The key to remember is that just because a question is asked as a closed ended
question (yes/no, or one word answers), doesnIt mean that you have to answer it
as a closed ended question. Answer the question asked, but then find a way to
develop your answer and a bridge to a good story of yours. With an open mind,
the most closed ended of questions can become a launch pad into a story.

Pregnant Pause
A good story can usually wind its way down a long path. There is always a
danger that you will begin to bore the interviewer, who may wonder if an end is in
sight. Some interviewers may get worried that they wonIt be able to get through
the fifteen questions on their list during the allotted time. Therefore, find natural
breaks in your story and pause for a second. If the interviewer maintains eye
contact or asks continuation questions, then keep going. But this will give them a
chance to stop the story and ask a different question if they are getting bored and
want to move on.

Taking the Final Step
By trying to answer each of your Part 2 questions with a basic story, you will be
able to transition nicely into the final step, Part 3. Part 3 questions are based
upon your answers to Part 2 questions and will be asked at the interviewerIs
discretion. By using the story techniques listed above, you will have already
determined the path that the interviewer will take with his follow-up Part 3
questions. The interviewer will naturally ask questions that tie into your story and
you will already be prepared for those questi ons and will ace Part 3 as easily as
the others.

39
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other reproduction or redistribution is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved .

Practice Makes Perfect
DonIt try to answer every question by shooting from the hip. YouIll spend most of
your time trying to think of what happened and repeating yourself. Think of the
classic stories that you could tell and then practice going over them with your
friends, explaining how you successfully achieved the goal, or took charge and
gave leadership to your group project. You donIt want to have the story
me mori zed, because i t will become stale i n the tel li ng, but you want it to be
smooth. This story must be live and in living color, where the interviewer can see
himself taking part on the sidelines and watching the situation take place. Have
your friends and family members quiz you by asking you random questions and
see how well you can adapt to the question and give a lucid response.

40
Copyright © 2002 by MO Media. You have been licensed one copy of this document for personal use only. Any
other reproduction or redistribution is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved .

Special Report: How Your IELTS Score is Viewed, and
What This Means for You

For your IELTS score, you will be grouped in one of nine bands.


If you are on the upper edge of one of these bands, it is definitely profitable to
work your way into the next one by studying and practicing.

Band Description Meaning
9Expert UserFluent with complete understanding
8Very Good UserFull operational command, occasional inaccuracies
7Good UserOperational command, occasional inaccuracies
6Competent UserEffective command, inaccuracies
5Modest UserPartial command, many mistakes
4Limited UserLimited command, frequent problems
3Extremely Limited UserOnly general understanding
2Intermittent UserOnly basic understanding with difficulty
1Non UserNo language ab ility
0Did Not Take TestN/A

41
Copyright © 2002 by MO Media. You have been licensed one copy of this document for personal use only. Any
other reproduction or redistribution is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved .

Special Report: What Jobs Require Which IELTS Scores

Below is a list of different jobs and what each IELTS score band means to that
occupation. If you have a lower IELTS score, you might want to consider either
studying more and trying to increase your score, or a less linguistically
demanding position.
Linguistically
demanding
academic courses
Linguistically less
demanding academic
courses
Linguistically
demanding training
courses
Linguistically less
demanding training
courses
Band
(Medicine, Law,
Linguistics,
Journalism, Library
Studies)
(Agriculture, Pure
Mathematics,
Technology,
Computer-based
work,
Telecommunications)
(Air Traffic Control,
Engineering, Pure
Applied Sciences,
Industrial Safety)
(Animal Husbandry,
Catering, Fire
Services)
9.0-7.5 Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable
7.0
Probably
Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable
6.5
English Study
Needed Probably Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable
6.0
English Study
Needed
English Study
Needed
Probably
Acceptable Acceptable
5.5
English Study
Needed
English Study
Needed
English Study
Needed
Probably
Acceptable

42
Copyright © 2002 by MO Media. You have been licensed one copy of this document for personal use only. Any
other reproduction or redistribution is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved .

Special Report: Which IELTS Study Guides and Practice
Tests Are Worth Your Time
We believe the following guides present uncommon value to our customers who
wish to `really studya for the IELTS. W hile our manual teaches some valuable
tricks and tips that no one else covers, learning the basic coursework tested on
the IELTS is also helpful, though more time consuming.

Practice Tests

IELTS Practice Tests
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0521497671/actsecrets-20
(Click above to order)
This is the ONLY source for REAL IELTS tests. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED only
for the practice tests- disregard their advice.

Study Guide

Cambridge IELTS 3
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0521013364/actsecrets-20
Cabridge IELTS 3 is THE best comprehensive coursework guide to the IELTS. If
you want to spend a couple months in preparation to squeeze every last drop out
of your score, buy this book!
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