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Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
O ver 4 50 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ox s e t)
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell - -
2

Text C opyrig ht © b y R ach el M it c h ell
All r ig hts r e se rv ed . N o p art o f th is g uid e m ay b e r e p ro duced i n a ny f o rm w ith o ut
perm is sio n i n w riti n g f r o m th e p ub lis h er e xcep t i n th e c ase o f b rie f q uo ta ti o ns
em bodie d i n c riti c al a rti c le s o r r e v ie w s.
Legal & D is c la im er
The i n fo rm ati o n c o nta in ed i n th is b ook a nd i ts c o nte nts i s n o t d esig ned to r e p la ce
or ta ke th e p la ce o f a ny f o rm o f m ed ic al o r p ro fe ssio nal a d vic e; a nd i s n o t m eant
to r e p la ce th e n eed f o r i n d ep end ent m ed ic al, f in ancia l, l e gal o r o th er p ro fe ssio nal
ad vic e o r s e rv ic es, a s m ay b e r e q uir e d . T he c o nte nt a nd i n fo rm ati o n i n th is b ook
hav e b een p ro vid ed f o r e d ucati o nal a nd e nte rta in m ent p urp ose s o nly .
The c o nte nt a nd i n fo rm ati o n c o nta in ed i n th is b ook h av e b een c o m pile d f r o m
so urc es d eem ed r e lia b le , a nd i t i s a ccura te to th e b est o f th e A uth o r's k no w le d ge,
in fo rm ati o n, a nd b elie f. H ow ev er, th e A uth o r c anno t g uara nte e i ts a ccura cy a nd
valid ity a nd c anno t b e h eld l ia b le f o r a ny e rro rs a nd /o r o m is sio ns. F urth er,
changes a re p erio dic ally m ad e to th is b ook a s a nd w hen n eed ed . W here
ap pro pria te a nd /o r n ecessa ry , y o u m ust c o nsu lt a p ro fe ssio nal ( in clu d in g b ut n o t
lim ite d to y o ur d octo r, a tto rn ey, f in ancia l a d vis o r o r s u ch o th er p ro fe ssio nal
ad vis o r) b efo re u sin g a ny o f th e s u ggeste d r e m ed ie s, te chniq ues, o r i n fo rm ati o n i n
th is b ook.
Upon u sin g th e c o nte nts a nd i n fo rm ati o n c o nta in ed i n th is b ook, y o u a gre e to h o ld
harm le ss th e A uth o r f r o m a nd a gain st a ny d am ages, c o sts , a nd e xp ense s, i n clu d in g
any l e gal f e es p ote nti a lly r e su lti n g f r o m th e a p plic ati o n o f a ny o f th e i n fo rm ati o n
pro vid ed b y th is b ook. T his d is c la im er a p plie s to a ny l o ss, d am ages o r i n ju ry
cause d b y th e u se a nd a p plic ati o n, w heth er d ir e ctl y o r i n d ir e ctl y , o f a ny a d vic e o r
in fo rm ati o n p re se nte d , w heth er f o r b re ach o f c o ntr a ct, to rt, n eglig ence, p ers o nal
in ju ry , c rim in al i n te nt, o r u nd er a ny o th er c ause o f a cti o n.
You a gre e to a ccep t a ll r is k s o f u sin g th e i n fo rm ati o n p re se nte d i n sid e th is b ook.
You a gre e th at b y c o nti n uin g to r e ad th is b ook, w here a p pro pria te a nd /o r
necessa ry , y o u s h all c o nsu lt a p ro fe ssio nal ( in clu d in g b ut n o t l im ite d to y o ur
docto r, a tto rn ey, o r f in ancia l a d vis o r o r s u ch o th er a d vis o r a s n eed ed ) b efo re
usin g a ny o f th e s u ggeste d r e m ed ie s, te chniq ues, o r i n fo rm ati o n i n th is b ook.
3

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
BO OK
1
BO OK
2
BO OK
3
BO OK
4
BO OK
5
BO OK
6
BO OK
7
BO OK
8
BO OK
9
BO OK
1 0
CO NCLU SIO N
CH EC K O UT O TH ER B O OKS

4

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 4 50 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ox s e t) .”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
450 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
5

Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
Over 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 1 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
6

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
7

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1
SA M PL E 4 2
SA M PL E 4 3
SA M PL E 4 4
SA M PL E 4 5
SA M PL E 4 6
SA M PL E 4 7
8

CO NCLU SIO N
CH EC K O UT O TH ER B O OKS

9

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 1 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
45 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
10

SA M PL E 1
Do y ou a gre e t h at t h e a dvanta ges c a rs b rin g o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges?
Usin g c ars h as b een b eco m in g i n cre asin gly c o m mon i n r e cent y ears . A lth o ugh I
th in k th at i t m ain ta in s s o m e o bvio us h arm fu l c o nse q uences, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at
th e a d vanta ges o f th e c ar c an o utw eig h i ts a d vanta ges.
On th e o ne h and , o w nin g c ars h as a s ig nific ant i n flu ence o n th e e nv ir o nm ent. T he
fir s t r e aso n i s th at th e g ro w th i n tr a v ellin g b y c ar c an l e ad to a r is e i n p ollu ti o n,
tr a ffic j a m s, a nd a ccid ents . M ore c ars a re l ik ely to r e su lt i n r o cketi n g r a te o f
pollu ti o n. S eco nd ly , o ur d ep end ence o n c ars c an l e ad to d ecre ase i n p ra cti c es,
su ch a s w alk in g a nd c yclin g. P eo ple m ay h av e a h ig her c hance o f c arry in g m ore
pote nti a l h ealth r is k s l ik e o besity a nd h eart a tta ck.
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re m any r e aso ns w hy p eo ple p re fe r to o w n c ars . F ir s tl y ,
it p ro vid es p eo ple w ith th e f r e ed om o f m ovem ent. T he e ase o f tr a nsp orta ti o n
whic h a c ar b rin gs i s s ig nific ant/ p ro m in ent th an a ny o th er f o rm o f v ehic le s. F or
exam ple , y o u c an g o f r o m a d esti n ati o n to a no th er d esti n ati o n a nd n o ti m e i s
waste d w aiti n g f o r th e b us o r tr a in . T here fo re , ti m e a nd d is ta nce a re n o t b arrie rs
anym ore . S eco nd ly , p ers o nal c ars c an g iv e c o m fo rt w hile tr a v ellin g c o m pare d to
th e p ub lic tr a nsp orts w hic h a re s o c ro w ded a nd d is g usti n g. F or i n sta nce, y o u c an
re ad b ooks, l is te n to y o ur f a v ourite s o ngs o r e v en p la y w ith k id s w hile y o u a re i n
yo ur o w n c ar b ut a ll s e em s to b e i m possib le o n a p ub lic tr a nsp ort. F in ally ,
fa m ilie s c an g o to geth er. T his b eco m es e sp ecia lly h elp fu l w hen th ere a re e ld erly ,
th e d is a b le d o r e v en s ic k m em bers i n th e f a m ilie s.
In c o nclu sio n, h av in g a c ar c an l e ad to a f e w o bvio us p ro ble m s, b ut I b elie v e th at
ow nin g a c ar i s th e b est c ho ic e a nd th e b enefits th at i t b rin gs a b out c an o uts h in e i ts
dra w backs.
289 w ord s
11

SA M PL E 2
When c h oosin g a j o b, t h e s a la ry is t h e m ost im porta nt c o nsid era tio n.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s tr u e th at s a la ry p la ys a n i n te gra l p art i n s e le cti n g c are er/c ho osin g a j o b.
While I a ccep t th at th is m ay s u ite to m any p eo ple , I b elie v e th at th ere a re m any
ones c ho osin g j o bs a cco rd in g to o th er c o nsid era ti o ns.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns / v ario us r e aso ns f o r c o nsid erin g
sa la ry a s th e m ost c ru cia l f a cto r. A h ig h i n co m e g uara nte es a h ig h s ta nd ard q uality
of l ife , i n w hic h th e p eo ple c an a ffo rd th eir i n cre asin g d em and o n n o t o nly h um an
basic n eed s b ut a ls o l u xurio us th in gs s u ch a s b ra nd n ew a ccesso rie s o r o vers e as
ho lid ays. B esid es/ I n a d diti o n, m any p eo ple s e t s a la ry a s a m easu re o f th eir
work in g c ap acity a s w ell a s th eir l e v el i n th e c o m pany. T he h ig her i n co m e th ey
re ceiv e, th e m ore v alu ab le th ey a re i n th eir p ro sp ecti v e e m plo ym ent; th ere fo re ,
no t o nly th e a m ount o f m oney i ts e lf b ut a ls o m ad e-u p r e p uta ti o n m akes th e s a la ry
th e m ost c o ncern ed m atte r i n j o b s e le cti o n.
On th e o th er h and , th ere i s a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f p eo ple c o nsid erin g o th er
co nd iti o ns to m ake a d ecis io n o n j o b m ovem ent. T he w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent i s
hig hlig hte d i n th e r e q uir e m ent o f m any j o b s e ekers , e sp ecia lly f o r p eo ple w ho
ad ore th e f r e ed om a nd o utd oor a cti v iti e s. I n f a ct, th ey c anno t s ta nd o n th e j o b
whic h r e q uir e s 8 h o urs o f s itti n g i n f r o nt o f th e c o m pute r e v ery d ay l ik e a b ank
offic er e v en th o ugh th is v acancy i s o ffe re d th e e xtr e m ely c o m peti ti v e s a la ry i n th e
jo b m ark et. I n a d diti o n, c o ntr ib uti o n to th e s o cie ty i s a ls o a n i n te re sti n g m atte r th at
a l o t o f p eo ple c ho ose . F or e xam ple , i n ste ad o f w ork in g f o r a b ig c o nsu lti n g f ir m
in th e c ity , m any f r ie nd s o f m in e g o to r u ra l a re as, a ssis ti n g a nd i m pro vin g th e
perfo rm ance o f l o cal e nte rp ris e s. T hey r e ceiv e a ti n y a m ount o f m oney, b ut th ey
are h ap py w ith th eir c ho ic es b ecause th ey h elp to i n cre ase th e a v era ge i n co m e o f
th e l o cal r e sid ents .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at th e s a la ry i s i m porta nt i n j o b s e le cti o n o f
many p eo ple , b ut th is i s b y n o m eans th e k ey c o nsid era ti o n f o r e v ery b ody i n
makin g a c are er d ecis io n.
330 w ord s
12

SA M PL E 3
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at u npaid c o m munit y s e rv ic e s h ould b e a c o m puls o ry
part o f h ig h s c h ool p ro gra m mes ( fo r e xam ple w ork in g f o r a c h arit y , im pro vin g
th e n eig hborh ood o r t e ach in g s p orts t o y ounger c h ild re n). T o w hat e xte nt d o
you a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Som e p eo ple th in k th at f r e e s o cia l a cti v iti e s s h o uld b e a m and ato ry p art o f h ig h
sc ho ol p ro gra m s. W hile s tu d ents w ho ta ke p art i n th ese a cti v iti e s m ay f a ce s o m e
unexp ecte d i s su es, I a gre e th at e d ucato rs s h o uld d esig n r e q uir e d c o m munity
se rv ic es f o r th eir h ig h s c ho ol s tu d ents w ith o ut a ny p aym ents .
On th e o ne h and , th e m ost c o nsid era b le tr o ub le a ffe cts s tu d ents w hen p arti c ip ati n g
in p ub lic a cti v iti e s i s th e s h o rta ge o f ti m e. P arti c ula rly , th ey m ay b e l e ss f o cuse d
on th eir c o re l e sso ns i n c la ss, e v en l a ck l e is u re ti m e b ecause o f s p end in g to o
much ti m e f o r c o m munity s e rv ic es. B esid es, th ere a re o blig ato ry s e rv ic es w hic h
do n o t s u it to e v ery o ne. F or e xam ple , w ork in g f o r a c harity a t m ounta in o us p la ces
or s u b urb an a re as r e q uir e s s tu d ents to h av e to g o f a r a w ay o r te achin g s p orts to
yo unger c hild re n a t o utd oor s ta d iu m d em and s a g o od h ealth . A ll o f th ese ty p es o f
work d o n o t f it to th e w eak g ir ls o r u nhealth y s tu d ents .
On th e o th er h and , a tte nd in g u np aid p ub lic s e rv ic es w ill b rin g g re at b enefits to
hig h s c ho ol s tu d ents . F ir s tl y , th ese p ro gra m s c re ate a p ositi v e e nv ir o nm ent f o r
stu d ents to b e r a is e d i n a h o lis ti c w ay, n o t o nly i m pro vin g th eir s o cia l k no w le d ge
but a ls o m oti v ate th eir p erc ep ti o n a b out th e o utd oor l ife . T his i s r e ally a n
ap pro pria te m eth o d to tr a in th em o n h o w to w ork f o r th e i n te re st o f c o m munity
in ste ad o f l iv in g o nly f o r th em se lv es. S eco nd ly , ta kin g p art i n p ub lic a cti v iti e s
su ch a s v olu nte er c am paig ns a nd c harity o rg aniz a ti o ns i s a h ig hlig hte d p oin t w hic h
makes th eir r e su m e b rillia nt. I f a n a p plic ant w ho h as th e s a m e q ualific ati o n, a s
well a s e xp erie nces w ith o th er c and id ate s, w ould l ik e to a p ply f o r a s c ho la rs h ip
or a c o m peti ti v e j o b, h is p ast a cti v iti e s f o r th e i n te re st o f c o m munity m ay m ake a n
outs ta nd in g c o ntr ib uti o n i n h elp in g h im d efe at th e o th ers .
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th ere a re s o m e d is a d vanta ges, i t s e em s to m e th at w e
sh o uld d esig n m ore u np aid o blig ato ry c o m munity p ro gra m s f o r h ig h s c ho ol
stu d ents .
313 w ord s
13

SA M PL E 4
People s h ould f o llo w t h e c u sto m s a nd t r a dit io ns w hen p eople s ta rt t o liv e in a
new c o untr y . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In th e m odern b usy l ife , th ere a re a l a rg e n um ber o f i m mig ra nts w ho h av e b een
willin g to h av e a c o m fo rta b le l ife i n o th er n ati o ns. M any a d vocate th at p eo ple
sh o uld c o nfo rm to th e l o cal c usto m s a nd tr a d iti o ns w hen th ey s e ttl e i n a n ew
co untr y . F ro m m y r e sp ecti v e, I s tr o ngly a gre e w ith th is i d ea b ecause o f s o m e
pro ble m s a nd b enefits th at p eo ple c an f a ce w ith th em .
There a re tw o i m porta nt r e aso ns w hy n ew co m ers s h o uld b le nd i n to th e l o cal
cultu re i n th e h o st c o untr y . F ir s tl y , th e r e fu sa l to a d ap t to h o st e nv ir o nm ent w ould
cre ate a c ultu ra l b arrie r f o r i m mig ra nts . T his l e ad s to s o cia l i s o la ti o n, w hic h h as
negati v e i n flu ences o n p eo ple ’s l iv es. S eco nd ly , i t i s l o gic al/tr u e th at l im ite d
kno w le d ge o f l o cal c usto m s m ay r e su lt i n s o m e i lle gal a cti o ns i n th e h o st c o untr y
and m ake l o cal/n ati v e p eo ple u np le ase d . F or i n sta nce, i n S in gap ore , o ne o f th e
cle anest c o untr ie s i n A sia , l o cal r e sid ents c o nsid er a nyo ne d ir ty a nd i ll- m annere d
if th ey l itte r th e s tr e et o r s p it g um i n th e p ub lic .
New co m ers c an g ain s o m e b enefits i f th ey a d opt th e c usto m s a nd tr a d iti o ns o f a
new c o untr y . O ne b enefit i s th at i f i m mig ra nts b ehav e i n a cco rd ance w ith th e l o cal
no rm s, th ey w ill b e a ccep te d e asily b y l o cal i n hab ita nts , a nd a s a r e su lt, th ey c an
re ceiv e/g ain r e sp ects a nd a ffe cti o ns a s w ell a s s o m e h elp f r o m th e l o cal. F or
exam ple , w hen th e e nte rp ris e s w ant to e xp and th eir p ro ducti o n i n a n ew c o untr y ,
th ey m ust b e a w are o f b usin ess p ra cti c es th ere , w hic h p ro vid es th em w ith u se fu l
in fo rm ati o n to m axim is e p ro fits . A no th er b enefit i s th at n ew co m ers m ig ht g ain th e
ric hness o f k no w le d ge b y v ir tu e o f th e l o cal c usto m s a nd tr a d iti o ns, w hic h e nab le s
th em to a cti v ely p arti c ip ate i n th e a cti v iti e s o f th e c o m munity . I n m any f e sti v als ,
peo ple a re a b le to p arti c ip ate /jo in f r e ely a nd f e el h arm onio us l ik e th eir o w n
co untr y .
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould a rg ue th at p eo ple w ho d w ell i n a n ew c o untr y s h o uld
fo llo w th e c usto m s a nd tr a d iti o ns w hic h l o cal p eo ple o bse rv e.
318 w ord s
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SA M PL E 5
There a re m any d if fe re nt t y pes o f m usic in t h e w orld t o day. W hy d o w e n eed
music ? I s t h e t r a dit io nal m usic o f a c o untr y m ore im porta nt t h an t h e
in te rn atio nal m usic t h at is h eard e very w here n ow adays?
It i s g enera lly k no w n th at m usic h o ld s a n i n d is p ensa b le p ositi o n f o r o ur m enta lity .
There i s a w id e r a nge o f e xp la nati o ns f o r th e n ecessity o f m usic . P ers o nally , I
ho ld th e p erc ep ti o n th at th e tr a d iti o nal m usic o f a c o untr y , c o m pare d w ith f o re ig n
music , i s d efin ite ly m ore i n v alu ab le .
It i s u nd oub te d th at m usic i s o f n ecessity f o r h um an’s l iv es. F ir s t o f a ll, m usic i s
co nsid ere d a s a n e ffic ie ntl y r e cre ati o nal a cti v ity f o r p eo ple a fte r a l o ng d ay o f
hard w ork . S tu d ents a nd o ffic ers n o w ad ays h av e to s u ffe r f r o m a n e no rm ous
am ount o f s tr e ss f r o m th eir s tu d y a nd w ork . A s a m atte r o f f a ct, m usic a llo w s th em
to r e fr e sh th eir o w n m oods a nd to b e f u ll o f b eans. S eco nd ly , m usic i s h ig hly
ap pre cia te d f o r i ts r e p re se nta ti o n o f c ultu re a nd c usto m o f a c o untr y . F or i n sta nce,
Vie tn am ese f o lk s o ngs v iv id ly c o nv ey h o w i n d ustr io us V ie tn am ese i s to i n tr o duce
to i n te rn ati o nal v is ito rs .
Fro m m y p ers p ecti v e, th e v alu e o f th e tr a d iti o nal m usic o verw eig hs th at o f th e
in te rn ati o nal o ne w hic h i s w id ely l is te ned to b y a v ast m ajo rity o f y o ung p eo ple ,
esp ecia lly te enagers a ll o ver th e w orld . D esp ite th e f a ct th at h it s o ngs a re
ev entf u l, c atc hy a nd b rin g u s e nth usia sm , th ey h av e n o v ir tu o us o r m eanin gfu l
messa ges. T he tr a d iti o nal m usic , m eanw hile , p asse s h is to ric al a nd tr a d iti o nal
valu es o n th e f e llo w g enera ti o ns, w hic h r e m in d s th em o f p atr io ti s m a nd n ati o nal
pro ud ness. M ore o ver, I n te rn ati o nal m usic h as r e centl y b een u se d f o r c o m merc ia l
purp ose s to g ain a r e p uta ti o n f o r e nte rta in m ent c o m panie s o r c ele b riti e s, i t h as n o
valu e a t a ll i n th e l o ng r u n.
In c o nclu sio n, m usic p la ys a v ita l p art i n l ife a nd I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at th e r o le o f
th e tr a d iti o nal m usic s h o uld b e r e co gniz e d th an th at o f th e i n te rn ati o nal m usic .
276 w ord s
15

SA M PL E 6
Many p eople c h oose t o w ork o r liv e a bro ad b eca use o f t h e h ig her s ta ndard s
of liv in g t h ey c a n f in d o uts id e t h eir h om e c o untr y . D o y ou t h in k t h is b rin gs
more a dvanta ges o r d is a dvanta ges t o t h e p eople w ho f o llo w t h is p ath ?
In r e cent d ecad es w itn esse d a n i n cre ase i n th e p ro porti o n o f f o re ig n s e ttl e m ent,
ra is in g m any q uesti o ns o f s a fe ty a nd i n te gra ti o n. A lth o ugh th e i d eas o f p ote nti a l
dra w backs a p pear to b e r e aso nab le , I th in k l iv in g a b ro ad w ill p ay d iv id end s.
On th e o ne h and , th ere i s a m yria d o f b enefits w hen i t c o m es to l iv in g a b ro ad .
Fir s t, R esid in g i n a no th er n ati o n i s c o nd uciv e to th e l ib erty f r o m th e r ig id l a w s
and s o cia l n o rm s. F or e xam ple , H om ose xual i n d iv id uals i n R ussia h av e a
pro pensity to m ove to o th er E uro pean c o untr ie s b ecause H om ose xual i n te rc o urs e
means c ap ita l p unis h m ent. S eco nd , th e F ore ig n r e sid ence i s i n v aria b ly a sso cia te d
with h ig her o pportu niti e s o f e xp erie ncin g a m ore p ro gre ssiv e a nd s ta nd ard iz e d
le arn in g e nv ir o nm ent. T his m eans w ould a ct a s a n i n centi v e f o r th eir a cq uis iti o n
of a cad em ic a nd e m pir ic al k no w le d ge, p ro m oti n g th eir c are er p ro sp ects w ith
bette r s o cia l s ta tu s.
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re s o m e p ote nti a l p ro ble m s p erta in in g to w ork in g o r
liv in g i n a f o re ig n e nv ir o nm ent. F ir s t, I n d iv id uals m ovin g a b ro ad th em se lv es
co uld b e h ig hly s e nsiti v e to h o m esic kness a nd n o sta lg ia . T his p sy cho lo gic al
dis o rd ers w ould d is c o ura ge th eir d esir e f o r i n te gra ti o n, i n cre asin g th e l ik elih o od
of i s o la ti o n f r o m th e l o cals o uts id e. I n a d diti o n, th e f o re ig n s e ttl e m ent c o uld
culm in ate i n th e i s su es o f c ultu ra l c la sh d ue to r e lig io us b elie fs . F or e xam ple ,
Som e I s la m ic r e fu gees a re s u sc ep ti b le to r a cia l d is c rim in ati o n a nd e v en p hysic al
batte ry d ue to th e p re ju d ic e th at I s la m is m i s th e c ause o f te rro ris m .
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite th e i d eas o f s a fe ty a nd a ssim ila ti o n d iffic ulti e s, th e f o re ig n
re sid ence w ould o ffe r a b ette r l iv in g s ta nd ard i n te rm s o f l ib erty a nd e d ucati o n
pro sp ects .
249 w ord s
16

SA M PL E 7
Som e p eople t h in k t h at it is b est t o liv e in a h oriz onta l c it y w hile o th ers t h in k
of a v ertic a l c it y . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
The i d ea th at, w heth er d w ellin g i n h o riz o nta l a re as o r i n v erti c al o nes i s m ore
benefic ia l, r e m ain s a s o urc e o f c o ntr o vers y. W hile s o m e i n d iv id uals s a y th at th ey
pre fe r l iv in g i n h o riz o nta l c entr a l, I w ould a rg ue th at i t w ould b e b ette r to r e sid e
in h ig h-ris e b uild in g a re as.
On th e o ne h and , a h o riz o nta l c ity h as i ts o w n n o ta b le m erits . F ir s tl y , th e s e rv ic e
exp end itu re i n th eir a cco m modati o n i s n o t a s c o stl y a s i n th e v erti c al c ity . O n
acco unt o f th e f a ct th at th e s e curity c harg e o r e le v ato r f e es w ill n o t b e i n clu d ed i f
th ey r e sid e i n m ere ly a d oub le -s to rie d b uild in g. S eco nd ly , i t i s w id ely
ackno w le d ged th at e ach p ers o n i s c ap ab le o f e xtr ic ati n g e asily f r o m e m erg ency
case s s u ch a s f ir e , c o nstr u cti o n c o lla p se a nd a v oid in g e le v ato r a ccid ents .
Furth erm ore , th e c o m fo rta b le a nd r o om y l iv in g s p ace i n v erti c al c entr a ls m akes a
majo r c o ntr ib uti o n to r e nd er a n e njo yab le l ife th at h elp s to r e le ase th eir s tr e ss a nd
str a in .
On th e o th er h and , I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at l iv in g i n v erti c al c iti e s i s m uch m ore
ad vanta geo us. T he f ir s t b enefit i s th at v erti c al a re as c an r e so lv e th e i s su e o f
acco m modati o n s h o rta ge d ue to th e p opula ti o n e xp lo sio n i n m etr o polita n c entr a ls .
As a m atte r o f f a ct, th ere a re m ore a nd m ore m ulti - s to ry a p artm ents w here
hund re d s o f c iv ilia ns c o uld e xp erie nce th e c o -h ab ita nt e nv ir o nm ent i n l ie u o f
so lo -d w ellin g i n s e p ara te ly p riv ate h o use s w hic h w ill a cco unt f o r a g re at d eal o f
th e r e sid enti a l a re a. A no th er b enefit i s th at a w id e r a nge o f g o ods a nd s e rv ic es
su ch a s r e nta l o ffic es, s h o ppin g m alls , c o ffe e s h o ps a re a sso cia te d to geth er i n
many s k ysc ra p ers i n a u b iq uito us w ay. F or i n sta nce, a c o nsid era b le n um ber o f
ap artm ents i n H o C hi M in h C ity a re u ti liz e d n o t o nly f o r r e sid enti a l p ro perty b ut
als o f o r c o m merc ia l p urp ose s a s s u p erm ark ets o r g ym nasiu m s, l is te d a s s o m e
exam ple s, w hic h w ill c re ate th e c o nv enie nce f o r d w elle rs a t th e m ax r a te .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at i t i s b ette r to l iv e i n a v erti c al c ity b ecause o f
so m e o uts ta nd in g p oin ts a lth o ugh o th er p eo ple i n sis t o n p re fe rrin g a h o riz o nta l
centr a l.
329 w ord s
17

SA M PL E 8
Now adays t h e w ay m any p eople in te ra ct w it h e ach o th er h as c h anged
beca use o f t e ch nolo gy. I n w hat w ays h as t e ch nolo gy a ffe cte d t h e t y pes o f
re la tio nsh ip s t h at p eople m ak e? H as t h is b een a p osit iv e o r n egativ e
develo pm ent?
In th e w orld n o w ad ays, th e b ehav io r o f p eo ple w ith th eir p artn ers h as a lte re d
sin ce th e l ig ht o f th e p ro life ra ti o n o f te chno lo gy. T here a re a v arie ty o f w ays th at
pers o nal r e la ti o nsh ip s h av e b een i n flu enced b y th e u se o f te chnic al d ev ic es a nd I
belie v e th at th e b enefits o f th is c hange o utw eig h th e d ra w backs.
The tw o m ain e ffe cts o n f r ie nd sh ip s w hic h c an b e o bvio usly s e en a re n o t o nly
ho w p eo ple s h o w th eir e m oti o ns b ut a ls o th e w ays th at th ey c o nta ct e ach o th er.
Fir s tl y , b y r e ad in g th e s ta tu se s w ritte n o n s o cia l n etw ork s, te enagers c an u p date
th e s itu ati o n o f th eir f r ie nd s e v ery d ay. L ots o f p eo ple a re c ho osin g to ta lk to th eir
partn ers b y th e a ssis ta nce o f v id eo c alls i n l ie u o f g o in g to r e sta ura nts o r c afé to
sa v e ti m e a nd m oney. S eco nd ly , s h o uld a p ers o n i n sta ll s o m e s o cia l n etw ork s s u ch
as F aceb ook, I n sta gra m , T w itte r a nd a p ps l ik e th at, h e c an i llu str a te h is f e elin g
whic h m ay b e u nre al o n th e s ta tu se s a nd p ic tu re s o f h is f r ie nd s. T his i s th e r e aso n
why c lo se r e la ti o nsh ip s h av e d eclin ed , b y c o ntr a st, l o sin g to uch w ith d is ta nt
fr ie nd s i s n o t n ecessa rily a n u nfa v ora b le i s su e.
The a d ju stm ent o f th e w ay th at p eo ple i n te ra ct i s b enefic ia l b ase d o n tw o k ey
re aso ns. F ir s t, th e u se o f h and held d ev ic es i n cre asin g s ig nific antl y i n r e cent y ears
assis ts th e u se rs i n g etti n g i n to uch m ore e asily a nd f a ste r w ith th eir c o m panio ns
th an i n a p pro xim ate ly th re e d ecad es a go . F or e xam ple , w hile i t to ok a b out a t l e ast
one w eek to d eliv er th e l e tte rs o f a te m per i n th e p ast, c urre nt r e sid ents c an
re ceiv e i m med ia te ly th e v ita l m essa ges i n a f e w s e co nd s. F urth erm ore , th e s o cia l
re la ti o ns o f e v ery i n d iv id ual a re e xp and in g d ay b y d ay. R esid ents n o w ad ays
esta b lis h e asily a r e la ti o nsh ip w ith a f o re ig ner w ho i s l iv in g i n a no th er c o untr y .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re s o m e c hanges i n r e la ti o nsh ip s to w ard s e sc hew in g
tr a d iti o nal c o m munic ati o n m eth o ds l ik e l e tte rs i n f a v or o f m odern g ad gets a nd I
am f ir m i n m y b elie f th at th is i m pro vem ent i s c o nv enie nt f o r p eo ple i n s o m e
asp ects .
325 w ord s
18

SA M PL E 9
In te rn atio nal t o uris m is n ow m ore c o m mon t h an e ver b efo re . S om e f e el t h at
th is is a p osit iv e t r e nd, w hile o th ers d o n ot.
What a re y our o pin io ns o n t h is ?
In l in e w ith th e s h ift i n ti m e, a r e cent p heno m eno n o n th e to uris m o f c iti z e ns
in d ic ate s s o m e c o ncern s i n te rm s o f p ro ble m s f r o m i n te rn ati o nal to uris ts . T his
essa y w ill e la b ora te o n s o m e p ro bab le c ause s a nd p ositi v e s o lu ti o ns w hic h c an
im pro ve th is s itu ati o n.
There a re s o m e w id esp re ad r e aso ns w hy l o cal p eo ple c o nsid er th at to uris ts w ho
are f r o m o th er c o untr ie s w ould h av e s o m e n egati v e i m pacts o n th eir s o cie ti e s.
Fir s tl y , th e c o nsc io usn ess o f to uris ts a b out s a v in g th e e nv ir o nm ent o f th e c o untr y
where th ey v is it i s s e en a s th e m ain r e aso n, f o r e xam ple , s o m e f o re ig n to uris ts
ofte n d ra w th eir m ark s o n th e w all i n h is to ric al p la ces l ik e te m ple o r m use um a s
well a s l itte r b eauti fu l l a nd sc ap es s u ch a s f a m ous b eaches. S eco nd ly , n o w ad ays
so m e to uris ts ta ke a d vanta ges f r o m v is iti n g a no th er c o untr y to s ta y i lle gally . F or
in sta nce, th ere a re a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple f r o m d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s tr a v el to
South K ore an n o w ad ays, a nd th eir p urp ose i s to r e sid e w ith o ut b ein g a ccep te d
im mig ra ti o n, s o i t w ould b e c o m plic ate d f o r th e g o vern m ent o f th e c o untr y to
manip ula te i lle gal i m mig ra nts .
There fo re /S ub se q uentl y /In ev ita b ly , s o m e m easu re s s h o uld b e i m ple m ente d to d eal
with th ese i s su es o f i n te rn ati o nal to uris m . I t i s n ecessa ry f o r th e h o st c o untr ie s to
be s tr ic t to to uris m a gencie s a b out e nsu rin g th at th ey w ould n o t l e t th eir c usto m ers
co m mit a ny u nfit b ehav io r w hic h i s m enti o ned a b ove b y g iv in g s o m e s tr ic t r u le s.
For e xam ple , th e f in ancia l a nd p ris o n p unis h m ents f o r to uris ts w ho l a ck
aw are ness s h o uld b e i m ple m ente d . A no th er r e m ed y i s th at l o cal p eo ple e sp ecia lly
yo ungste rs c an p arti c ip ate i n s o m e v olu nte er a cti v iti e s to i n tr o duce th e b eauty o f
th eir c ultu re a nd l a nd sc ap e to to uris ts s o th e v is ito rs h av e m ore r e sp ect f o r th e
co untr y th ey v is it.
In c o nclu sio n, b y c o nd ucti n g s o m e p ositi v e s o lu ti o ns to r e so lv e c o m mon n egati v e
belie f o f l o cal p eo ple , th is s itu ati o n w ould b e b ette r.
290 w ord s
19

SA M PL E 1 0
Som e p eople t h in k t h at p are nts s h ould t e ach c h ild re n h ow t o b e g ood
mem bers o f s o cie ty . O th ers, h ow ever, b elie ve t h at s c h ool is t h e p la ce t o le arn
th is .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out h o w w ell o ld er p eo ple e d ucate c hild re n to
beco m e v alu ab le c iti z e ns. W hile s o m e a rg ue th at i t w ould b e b ette r f o r c hild re n to
be d is c ip lin ed b y th eir p are nts , I b elie v e th at c hild re n s h o uld b e e d ucate d h o w to
beco m e r e sp ecta b le /d ecent c iti z e ns a t s c ho ol.
There a re v ario us r e aso ns w hy p eo ple b elie v e th at p are nts s h o uld te ach th eir
child re n to a d opt/ d ev elo p/b uild u p g o od m anners . F ir s tl y , c hild re n a re p ro ne to
lis te n to th eir p are nts w ho a re p ow erfu l i n f a m ilie s. F or e xam ple , c hild re n m ig ht
worry a b out w ro ng a cti o ns, w hic h l e ad s to th eir m akin g a d ecis io n a s to w heth er
th ey s h o uld c o m mit/ d is p la y s u ch b ehav io ur p atte rn i f th ey h av e e v er b een
punis h ed b y th eir p are nts b efo re . S eco nd ly , c hild re n h av e a c lo se r e la ti o nsh ip
with th eir p are nts w ho m th ey a lw ays c o unt o n w henev er th ey m eet to ughs i n th eir
life . C hild re n, th ere fo re , m ay p our th eir c o ncern e asily i n to p are nt’ s h eart s o
pare nts a re a b le to g iv e a d vic e ti m ely , w hic h i s o ne o f th e m ost i m porta nt f a cto rs
to d ete r c hild re n f r o m b eco m in g p erv ers e . F in ally , n o t o nly d o p are nts b rin g th eir
child re n r ig hts v erb ally , b ut a ls o th eir l ife b ehav io rs c an h av e p ro fo und i n flu ences
on th eir c hild re n b ecause c hild re n te nd to i m ita te a cti o ns o f o ld er p eo ple .
In s p ite o f th ese a rg um ents , I h o ld th e p erc ep ti o n th at/ I a m i n clin ed to a rg ue th at
sc ho olin g w ould p la y a n e sse nti a l r o le i n th e f o rm ati o n o f c hild re n’s c hara cte rs .
Excep t f o r h o m es, s c ho ol i s th e p la ce c hild re n s p end th e b ig gest a m ount o f ti m e.
Thus, te achers a re l ik ely to b e s e co nd p are nts to i n str u ct c hild re n i n b ein g a w are
of th e r ig hts a nd th e w ro ngs i n e v ery w alk o f l ife . A dm itte d ly , te achers c an b e
str ic te r w ith c hild re n th an p are nts g iv en th at p are nts u su ally s p oil th eir c hild re n
excessiv ely . U nd er th is c ir c um sta nce, e d ucati n g i n s c ho ol i s th e b est s o lu ti o n to
build a g o od p ers o nality o f c hild re n. M ore o ver, s c ho ol e nv ir o nm ent w ill e nab le
child re n to e ith er f in d o ut th eir a b iliti e s o r th eir d esir e s b y a tte nd in g s o m e
re cre ati o nal p hysic al a cti v iti e s o r s tu d yin g s p ecific s u b je cts ; th is i s b enefic ia l to
child re n i n b eco m in g w ell- ro und ed i n d iv id uals i n th e f u tu re .
In c o nclu sio n, a p art f r o m b ein g p rim arily r e sp onsib le f o r e d ucati n g c hild re n f r o m
pare nts , s c ho ols a ls o p re v ent c hild re n f r o m th e m is g uid ed f r a m e o f m in d to b e
20

pro ducti v e p eo ple i n s o cie ty .
330 w ord s
21

SA M PL E 1 1
Every one s h ould b eco m e v egeta ria n b eca use t h ey d o n ot n eed t o e at m eat t o
have a h ealt h y d ie t. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
With v eganis m tr e nd , m any p eo ple a re c o nv in cin g th em se lv es th at p la nt- b ase d
fo ods c an s u ffic e w hen i t c o m es to d aily n utr ie nt n eed s, s o th ey te nd to r e m ove a ll
tr a ces o f m eat f r o m th eir d ie ts . H ow ev er, I h av e to ( p olite ly ) d is a gre e w ith th e
anti - m eat a rg um ent.
There a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy p eo ple s h o uld h av e m eat- re la te d f o ods i n th eir
meals . F ir s t, m any i m porta nt n utr ie nts d eriv e f r o m a nim al s o urc es. F or e xam ple , i f
we a re m eant to s u b sis t o n v egeta b le s a lo ne, w e w ill e xp erie nce v ita m in
defic ie ncie s b ecause o f s o m e o f th e v ita m in s c an o nly b e o bta in ed f r o m m eat.
Ano th er r e aso n i s th at m eat h elp s k eep b lo od s u gar l e v els s ta b le d ue to i ts f a t a nd
hig h p ro te in c o nte nt. S te ad y b lo od s u gar l e v el i s c riti c al i n p re v enti n g d ia b ete s, a s
well a s o th er c hro nic d is e ase s. M ore o ver, w ith a m odera te l e v el o f b lo od s u gar,
peo ple a re l e ss l ik ely to d ro ol f o r f a tte nin g s n acks a nd s w eets w hic h a re u nhealth y
fo ods.
Apart f r o m th e p ra cti c al a d vanta ges e xp re sse d a b ove, m eat o ffe rs a h o st o f
criti c al h ealth b enefits . F ir s tl y , w hen p eo ple w ork th em se lv es to th e b one tr y in g to
gain m usc le , th ey h av e to n o uris h th eir b ody a p pro pria te ly . I n f a ct, th ey c an ta ke
pro te in s u p ple m ents , b ut th e b est s o urc e o f p ro te in i s f r e sh m eat. M eat c o nta in s
vita m in s a nd m in era ls l ik e z in c th at a id m usc le g ro w th , w hic h a ssis ts i n m usc le
re p air. S eco nd ly , m eat i s o ne o f th e b est s o urc es o f i r o n, w hic h b oosts e nerg y
le v els a nd c o m bats f a ti g ue. I r o n d efic its c an e asily p ut p eo ple a t r is k o f a nem ia
and l o w e nerg y, w hic h i s w hy a nem ia i s a c hro nic p ro ble m f o r v egeta ria ns.
In c o nclu sio n, w ith th e r e aso ns m enti o ned a b ove, I th in k th at p eo ple s h o uld n o t c ut
meat o ut o f th eir d ie ts b ecause i t h as to o m uch to o ffe r.
282 w ord s
22

SA M PL E 1 2
Severa l la nguages a re in d anger o f e xtin ctio n b eca use t h ey a re s p ok en b y a
very s m all n um ber o f p eople . S om e p eople s a y t h at g overn m ents s h ould s p end
public m oney o n s a vin g t h ese la nguages, w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at w ould b e a
waste o f m oney. D is c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n
Glo baliz a ti o n h as b een ta kin g p la ce s o f a st th at s o m e l a nguages s u ch a s E nglis h ,
Spanis h o r C hin ese h av e b eco m e v ir tu ally u niv ers a l l a nguages, w hic h e ffe cti v ely
help s to f o ste r c o m munic ati o ns a m ong v ario us n ati o ns w hile u np opula r l a nguages
sp oken b y e th nic m in o riti e s a re m ore l ik ely to g o e xti n ct. T here fo re , s o m e p eo ple
belie v e th at p ub lic i n v estm ents o n s a v in g th e h ig hly l ik ely -e xti n ct l a nguages a re
to ta lly w aste fu l a nd f u ti le ; H ow ev er, I b elie v e a ll l a nguages s h o uld b e p ro te cte d
and p re se rv ed .
On th e o ne h and , th e b ig gest d ra w back o f s a v in g m in o rity l a nguages i s th e
pro ble m i n e ffic ie ncy w hic h p eo ple a re c o nfr o nte d . F ir s tl y , th ere h av e b een
millio ns o f p eo ple i n n eed o f h elp to o verc o m e f a r m ore u rg ent i s su es s u ch a s
battl in g a gain st s e v ere s ta rv ati o n o r m ass d is e ase , a nd th en i t f o llo w ed th at
in v estm ent o n m in o rity l a nguage i s r e p orte d ly c o nsid ere d a n eed le ss w aste o f
money. S eco nd ly , th e w id er th e v arie ty o f l a nguages i s , th e l e ss e ffic ie nt th e
co nv ers a ti o ns a m ong p eo ple c o m in g f r o m d iffe re nt c o untr ie s a re . F or e xam ple , th e
fa ct th at p eo ple s p eakin g d iffe re nt l a nguages h av e to m ake m uch m ore e ffo rt a nd
ti m e a s w ell a s m is u nd ers ta nd e ach o th er w hen c o m munic ati n g m ake tr a nsa cti o n
co st i n cre ase .
Desp ite th e a b ove a rg um ent, I b elie v e th at g o vern m ents s h o uld i m med ia te ly
em bark u p on p ro te cti n g a nd p re se rv in g th e l a nguages th at a re l e ss s p oken. A
la nguage n o t o nly i s th e m eans o f c o m munic ati o n b ut a ls o r e fle cts d is ti n cti v e
cultu re s o f v ario us n ati o ns. I f a s ig nific ant n um ber o f l a nguages g o e xti n ct, th e
world w ill b e s ta nd ard iz e d a nd th ere w ill b e a d eclin e i n c ultu ra l d iv ers ity . A s a
re su lt, s o cie ti e s a re u nlik ely to p ro gre ss to h ig her s ta ges o f d ev elo pm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at th e s h o rt- te rm b enefits i n te rm o f c o st s a v in g, w hic h i s
deriv ed f r o m th e o bje cti o n a gain st s a v in g th e m in o r l a nguages s h o uld n o t o utw eig h
th e l o ng b enefits i n te rm o f h ig h d iv ers ity .
291
word s
23

SA M PL E 1 3
It is m ore im porta nt f o r s c h oolc h ild re n t o le arn a bout lo ca l h is to ry t h an w orld
his to ry . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s a n i n d is p uta b le f a ct th at h is to ry p la ys a n e sse nti a l r o le i n th e e d ucati o nal
sy ste m a ll o ver th e w orld . H ow ev er, c hild re n n o w ad ays a re g etti n g o verw helm ed
with a c o nsid era b le r a nge o f h is to ric al k no w le d ge; s o m e p eo ple , f o r th at r e aso n,
belie v e th at s tu d ents s h o uld o nly f o cus o n l o cal h is to ry . I n m y o pin io n, b oth l o cal
and w orld h is to ry o ught to b e ta ught o n a cco unt o f tr e m end ous b enefits th ey b rin g.
To b egin w ith , l o cal h is to ry i s c o m ple te ly a g re at i m porta nce, e sp ecia lly f o r
sc ho olc hild re n d ue to th e f a ct th at i t i s n o t m ere ly a p arti c ula r s u b je ct a t s c ho ol b ut
th e r e sp onsib ility o f e v ery s in gle s tu d ent f o r th eir o w n c o untr y . T o p ut i t a no th er
way, th ro ugh h is to ry , c hild re n a re a b le to e sta b lis h a n ati o nal i d enti ty w hic h i s
lik ely to e nhance a s e nse o f p atr io ti s m th at e nco ura ges th em to p re se rv e/u p ho ld
tr a d iti o nal v alu es.
Fro m a no th er a ngle , l e arn in g g lo bal h is to ry i s tr u ly n ecessa ry a s w ell. A s a m atte r
of f a ct, th e d efin iti o n o f g lo baliz a ti o n to day i s b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore p opula r,
stu d yin g w orld h is to ry , th ere fo re , k eep s y o ung l e arn ers u p to d ate a nd i n d eed
giv es th em m ore o pportu niti e s to g et e xp ose d to th e o uts id e w orld , w hic h th ey
defin ite ly c anno t l e arn th ro ugh d om esti c o ne. B esid es, w orld h is to ry a ls o
in cre ase s th e c hances o f b oosti n g/im pro vin g e m plo ym ent p ro sp ects i n f u tu re
care er. T ake J a p anese f ir m s f o r a ty p ic al e xam ple , o w in g to th e a p pre cia ti o n o f
Ja p anese c o m panie s to a d eep i n sig ht o f th eir c ultu re , i t i s to ta lly a d vanta geo us f o r
em plo yees w ho a cq uir e a w id e k no w le d ge o f J a p anese h is to ry .
In c o nclu sio n, b oth l o cal h is to ry a nd w orld h is to ry a re e xtr e m ely i m porta nt f o r
stu d ents b ecause o f th eir h uge p ro s. T here fo re th ey s h o uld b e ta ught w id ely i n th e
sc ho ol c urric ulu m .
269 w ord s
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SA M PL E 1 4
In t h e f u tu re , it s e em s it w ill b e m ore d if fic u lt t o liv e o n t h e E arth . S om e
people t h in k m ore m oney s h ould b e s p ent o n r e se arc h in g o th er p la nets t o liv e,
su ch a s M ars. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ent?
As h um ans a re b eco m in g to o v uln era b le o n E arth , s o m e p eo ple b elie v e
peo ple /g o vern m ents s h o uld p our m ore m oney i n to s p ace r e se arc h b ecause o f th e
quest f o r a n ew h o m ela nd . I to ta lly a gre e w ith th is v ie w .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at th e E arth i s n o l o nger a b le to s u sta in h um an
liv es. F ir s tl y , e nv ir o nm enta l d egra d ati o n i s h ap penin g a t a r a p id s p eed , l e ad in g to
natu ra l r e so urc es d ep le ti o n. O ne p ote nt e xam ple o f th is i s th e
la ck/s h o rta ge/s c arc ity o f c le an w ate r, p arti c ula rly i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s, i s
beco m in g m ore s e v ere a nd i n su rm ounta b le to d eal w ith . I n a d diti o n, f ig hti n g th e
gre enho use e ffe ct, w hic h h as r e su lte d i n n o t o nly c lim ate c hange b ut a ls o th e
destr u cti o n o f h ab ita t, i s b eco m in g m ore a rd uo us a nd e xp ensiv e th an e v er. T his i s
partl y b ecause o f th e r e lia nce o n f o ssil f u els : th e m ore h um ans u se th em , th e m ore
se rio us p ollu ti o ns th ey w ould c ause .
On th e o th er h and , s p ace e xp lo ra ti o n h as b een p la yin g a c ru cia l p art i n
re v olu ti o niz in g m ankin d c iv iliz a ti o n. O ne r e aso n i s th at i t i s d is c o verin g th e
myste rie s o f th e u niv ers e , w hic h i s a ls o o ffe rin g h um ans k no w le d ge a b out p la net
Earth . F or i n sta nce, th e i n fo rm ati o n c o lle cte d f r o m s p ace r o bes h elp ed p eo ple
exp la in th e o rig in o f th e E arth . A no th er r e aso n i s th at a v ast n um ber o f s ta te -o f-
th e-a rt te chno lo gie s s te m f r o m s p ace r e se arc h. S ate llite te chno lo gy, f r o m w hic h
sa te llite te le v is io n a nd G PS d ev ic es h av e b een i n v ente d , i s o ne o f th em .
Appare ntl y , r e se arc hin g i n to o th er p la nets h as p ro duced m any s p in -o ffs f o r
so lv in g p ro ble m s o n E arth .
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould r e sta te th at s p ace e xp lo ra ti o n i s e sse nti a l a nd w orth y to
dev elo p b ecause th is p la net i s b eco m in g to o d angero us f o r m ankin d to l iv e.
261 w ord s
25

SA M PL E 1 5
Consu m ers a re f a ce d w it h in cre asin g n um bers o f a dvertis e m ents f r o m
co m petin g c o m panie s. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou t h in k c o nsu m ers a re in flu ence d
by a dvertis e m ents ? W hat m easu re s c a n b e t a k en t o p ro te ct t h em ?
In r e cent y ears r a th er th an b ein g w ell- in fo rm ed a b out d eta ils o f n ew ly l a unched
pro ducts , p eo ple a re b om bard ed w ith a ll k in d s o f a d verti s e m ents . I b elie v e th e
excessiv e p opula rity o f a d verti s e m ents h as p ro fo und i n flu ences o n c usto m ers a nd
th ere a re s o m e m easu re s w hic h c an p ro te ct th em .
The i n cre asin g p re v ale nce o f a d verti s in g e xerts s e v era l d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n
co nsu m ers . F ir s t, c o m merc ia ls m ig ht s ti m ula te p eo ple to p urc hase p ro ducts th at
th ey d o n o t r e ally n eed . I n o rd er to a p pro ach p ro sp ecti v e c usto m ers a nd c re ate
bra nd a w are ness, m any e nte rp ris e s te nd to e xaggera te th e q uality o f th eir p ro ducts .
As a r e su lt, u nw ary c o nsu m ers w ho a re s w ayed b y g la m oro us a d verti s e m ents a re
easily te m pte d to i m puls iv ely b uy g o ods th at a re o f l ittl e u se to th em . S eco nd , th e
ris in g p opula rity o f a d verti s in g c an a ls o e nco ura ge p eo ple to f o rm b ad h ab its . F or
exam ple , a s y o ungste rs a re n o t m atu re e no ugh to d is ti n guis h r ig ht f r o m w ro ng o r
ju d ge w hat i s s u ita b le w ith in s o cie ty , th ey m ig ht b eco m e a d dic te d to p la yin g v id eo
gam es i f th ey a re e xp ose d to c o m merc ia ls p ro m oti n g th o se p ro ducts o n a f r e q uent
basis .
There a re s e v era l a p pro aches th at s h o uld b e ta ken i n to c o nsid era ti o n to p ro te ct
co nsu m ers f r o m th e a d vers e e ffe cts o f a d verti s in g. G overn m ents s h o uld i m pose a
str ic t r e gula ti o n o n th e a d verti s in g i n d ustr y . U nd er s tr in gent c o ntr o l, m ost
busin esse s w ould b e m ore r e sp onsib le a nd tr u th fu l i n p ro m oti n g th eir p ro ducts
wheth er th ro ugh o nlin e a d verti s e m ents o r c o m merc ia l a d verti s in g o n p rim e-ti m e
te le v is io n. T his w ould e nab le c o nsu m ers to c ho ose th e m ost s u ita b le a nd r e lia b le
pro ducts w ith g re ate r tr u st a nd c o nfid ence. A dditi o nally , c o nsu m ers s h o uld h av e a
th o ro ugh p la n o f w hat th ey a re g o in g to b uy b efo re th ey s h o p. B y d oin g th is ,
peo ple w ill h av e ti m e to p re p are a nd m ake a w is e d ecis io n a b out w hat p ro ducts
sh o uld b e b ought, w hic h e v entu ally s a v e a g re at d eal o f m oney s p ent o n
unnecessa ry a d verti s e d g o ods.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th e e xcessiv e p re v ale nce o f a d verti s in g b rin gs a l o t o f
dis a d vanta ges to c o nsu m ers , th ere a re s e v era l e ffe cti v e a p pro aches to p ro te ct
co nsu m ers f r o m n egati v e i n flu ences o f a d verti s in g.
316 w ord s
26

SA M PL E 1 6
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at it is w ro ng t o k eep a nim als in z oos, w hile o th ers
th in k t h at z oos a re b oth e nte rta in in g a nd e co lo gic a lly im porta nt. D is c u ss b oth
vie w s.
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e r ig ht o f a nim als . W hile th ere a re s o m e g o od
arg um ents a gain st k eep in g a nim als i n z o os, m any p eo ple b elie v e th at z o os c an b e
benefic ia l i n s o m e p ers p ecti v es.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e d ra w backs to w ard s th e tr e nd o f k eep in g a nim als
in z o os. T he m ain d ra w back o f th ese i s th at a nim als c an l o se th eir i n sti n ct f o r
hunti n g o r f ig hti n g, a nd th is m ay h av e n egati v e i m pacts o n th e a nim als w hen th ey
co m e b ack to w ild life . A no th er d is a d vanta ge o f z o os i s th at th ey c an g o w ro ng
with th e o rig in al p urp ose . I n f a ct, th ere a re s o m e o rg aniz a ti o ns w ho j u st f o cus o n
pro fit r a th er th an p ro te cti n g a nim als . F or e xam ple , th ey tr y to c atc h r a re a nim als
and p ut th em i n th e c age i n o rd er to a ttr a ct m ore p eo ple a nd i n cre ase th eir p ro fit.
Fin ally , a nim als a re j u st l ik e h um ans, th ey s h o uld h av e th e r ig ht to e njo y th eir
fr e ed om .
Desp ite th e n egati v es m enti o ned a b ove, z o os s ti ll h av e v ario us b enefits . F ir s tl y ,
th ey a re b uilt to p ro te ct e nd angere d s p ecie s s u ch a s p and a o r r h in o f r o m b oth
env ir o nm enta l h arm a nd h um an a cti v iti e s. T hey a ls o a llo w s c ie nti s ts to s tu d y
ab out a nim al c hara cte ris ti c a nd b ehav io ur i n a c o nv enie nt w ay w hic h c an s a v e a
lo t o f ti m e a nd m oney. S eco nd ly , z o os c an h elp to p ro m ote th e e co no m y o f th e
lo cal a re a b y p ro vid in g j o b o pportu nity a nd i n co m e f o r l o cal r e sid ents . L astl y ,
zo os a re i n te re sti n g a nd e d ucati o nal. F or e xam ple , f a m ilie s w ith c hild re n c an
enjo y th eir w eekend i n th e z o o a nd a ls o c an te ach th eir c hild re n a b out w ild life a nd
natu re .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s n o t w ro ng to k eep a nim als i n z o os b ut i t s h o uld b e c o nd ucte d i n
an a p pro pria te a nd s c ie nti fic al w ay to b rin g th e b est b enefits f o r b oth h um an a nd
anim als .
281 w ord s
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SA M PL E 1 7
Som e p eople t h in k t h at d evelo pin g c o untr ie s n eed f in ancia l h elp f r o m
in te rn atio nal o rg aniz atio ns t o c o ntin ue t h eir d evelo pm ent. S om e p eople a rg ue
th at p ra ctic a l a id o r a dvic e is m ore u se fu l. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our
ow n o pin io n.
Peo ple ‘s v ie w s d iffe r o ver w heth er d ev elo pin g n ati o ns s h o uld r e ceiv e f in ancia l
or p ra cti c al s u p port f r o m d ev elo ped c o untr ie s. I n m y b ook, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at
pra cti c al a ssis ta nce w ould s u b sta nti a lly c o ntr ib ute to th e l o ng-te rm g ro w th o f
th ese c o untr ie s.
On th e o ne h and , g etti n g m oneta ry s u p port/ a id p la ys a c ru cia l r o le i n a lle v ia ti n g
vario us e co no m ic p ro ble m s o f a c o untr y . T his a m ount o f m oney w ould p ro bab ly
make a h uge d iffe re nce i n v ario us a sp ects . I n te rm s o f tr a nsp orta ti o n, th e
go vern m ent c an d is tr ib ute th eir b ud get to th e c o nstr u cti o n o f r a ilw ays to w ard s
slo w in g d ow n tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. I n te rm s o f h ealth care , i t i s v ita l to p ro vid e
eth nic m in o rity a t th e l o cal te rrito ry w ith f r e e m ed ic al s e rv ic es o r r a is e p ub lic
aw are ness th ro ugh i m ple m enti n g n ati o nw id e c am paig ns. I n a d diti o n, f is c al h elp
would a ls o te m pora rily l ift i m poveris h ed p eo ple o ut o f h unger, a nd i s u se d f o r
co nstr u cti n g s o m e f a cto rie s c re ati n g j o bs f o r m illio ns o f r e sid ents . T his w ould
gre atl y c o ntr ib ute to m iti g ati n g u nem plo ym ent r a te .
On th e o th er h and , w hile g ra nts m ig ht b e m is u se d f o r w ro ng p urp ose s, i t i s e asie r
to ta ke c o ntr o l o f p ra cti c al s u p port. T his w ould p ro duce l o ng-te rm m easu re s to th e
pro ble m s o f d ev elo pin g n ati o ns. T he p ro sp ero us c o untr ie s c o uld s p end h ig h-
ed ucate d e xp erts to s u ch n ati o ns i n o rd er to c arry o ut a f e w tr a in in g p ro gra m s f o r
lo cal w ork ers . F or e xam ple , V ie tn am h as a n a gric ultu ra l e co no m y; h o w ev er, i t h as
sti ll s tr u ggle d w ith l o w p ro ducti v ity f o r s e v era l d ecad es d ue to th e l a ck o f
ad vanced te chno lo gy. I n th is c o nte xt, i t w ould b e v alu ab le to V ie tn am i f J a p anese
ad vis o rs tr a v elle d to V ie tn am s o a s to i n tr o duce c utti n g-e d ge te chno lo gy, f o r
in sta nce. T here fo re , p ra cti c al a ssis ta nce a p pare ntl y b rin gs a b out a w id er r a nge o f
benefits th an f is c al s u p port.
In c o nclu sio n, I a m i n f a v our o f th e o pin io n th at d ev elo pin g te rrito rie s s h o uld
prio riti z e p ra cti c al s u p port o ver m oneta ry h elp . S ho uld th ese n ati o ns w ant to g ain
a s tr o ng e co no m y, th ey m ust g et a p ra cti c al c o ntr ib uti o n f r o m i n te rn ati o nal
in sti tu ti o ns.
301 w ord s
28

SA M PL E 1 8
Wheth er o r n ot s o m eone a ch ie ves t h eir a im s is m ostly b y a q uestio n o f lu ck .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r n ot a gre e.
Many p eo ple a rg ue th at s o m eo ne’s s u ccess i s a ttr ib uta b le to l u ck i n ste ad o f th eir
ow n h ard w ork . H ow ev er, I to ta lly d is a gre e w ith th is o pin io n.
Fir s t, I d o b elie v e th at b ein g s u ccessfu l r e q uir e s d ete rm in ati o n a nd h uge e ffo rt.
For e xam ple , T ho m as E dis o n h ad c o nti n uo usly f a ile d h und re d s o f ti m es b efo re
in v enti n g a v arie ty o f c re ati o ns, i n w hic h th e l ig ht b ulb i s th e m ost p opula r
in v enti o n. W ith o ut h is i n fin ite p ati e nce a nd d ilig ent w ork , th e s c ie nti s t c o uld n o t
posse ss m any d iffe re nt p ate nts w hic h r e m ark ab ly i n flu ence o ur d aily l ife . A no th er
case o f s u ccess th ro ugh d ete rm in ati o n a nd p assio n i s S te v e J o b, w ho k ep t p urs u in g
his d re am d esp ite b ein g k ic ked o ut o f h is o w n c o m pany. P assio n a nd p ers is te nce
le d h im to s p end th o usa nd s o f h o urs c o din g a nd e xp erim enti n g to f in ally c re ate a
new o pera ti n g s y ste m w hic h s tr o ngly /s ig nific antl y c hanges th e w orld o f
te chno lo gy. T here fo re , p assio n, d ete rm in ati o n, a nd h ard w ork a re th e k ey tr a its to
su cceed , w hic h i llu str a te s a g re ate r i m porta nce th an l u ck.
Seco nd , l u ck o nly m akes a m odest c o ntr ib uti o n to s o m eo ne’s a chie v em ent. F or th e
stu d ent w ho p ra ys e v ery n ig ht to p ass th e e xam , th ere i s v ery l ittl e c hance f o r h im
to c o m ple te th e te st p erfe ctl y w ith o ut a ny s tu d y o r r e v ie w . A t l e ast, th e s tu d ent h as
to s tu d y h ard o n s o m e k ey i s su es a nd l u ck d oes th e l a st i f th e q uesti o n i n e xam
re la te s to w hat h e h as k no w n. H ow ev er, i n l o tte ry c ase , i t i s u nd enia b le to s a y th at
lu ck i s p ure ly th e r e aso n tu rn in g o ne p ers o n to a n o vern ig ht m illio nair e . H ow ev er/
Nev erth ele ss, th e n early z e ro p erc ent o f p ro bab ility to w in a l o tte ry c le arly p ro ves
th at l u ck o nly c o m es b y a s m all c hance a nd c anno t b e th e k ey p oin t a d ded to th e
su ccess o f e v ery o ne.
In c o nclu sio n, I c o m ple te ly d is a gre e w ith th e i d ea th at i t’ s a ll th e m atte r o f l u ck to
su cceed a s th ere a re o th er m ore i m porta nt f a cto rs i n clu d in g p assio n,
dete rm in ati o n, a nd h ard w ork .
304 w ord s
29

SA M PL E 1 9
Univ ersit y s tu dents a lw ays f o cu s o n o ne s p ecia lis t s u bje ct, b ut s o m e p eople
th in k u niv ersit ie s s h ould e nco ura ge t h eir s tu dents t o s tu dy a r a nge o f s u bje cts
in a ddit io n t o t h eir o w n s u bje ct. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s tr u e th at s tu d ents i n u niv ers ity a re n o w p la cin g m uch a tte nti o n o n th e s u b je cts
re la te d to th eir o w n f u tu re c are er. H ow ev er, s o m e c riti c s a rg ue th at u niv ers iti e s
sh o uld r e so rt to s o m e m easu re s to h av e th eir s tu d ents s tu d y m ore d iv ers e s u b je cts .
In m y v ie w , I a ccep t th at s tu d yin g m ore s u b je cts m akes s tu d ents b eco m e m ore
matu re to s o m e e xte nt, y et I b elie v e th at i t i s l e giti m ate f o r th em to m ere ly f o cus o n
th eir m ajo r s u b je cts .
On th e o ne h and , l e arn in g/m aste rin g m ore s u b je cts b rin g p eo ple m ore k no w le d ge
and a w ell- ro und ed p ers p ecti v e o f l ife . I t i s u nd enia b le th at m any s u b je cts i n th e
te rti a ry c urric ulu m a re v ery i m porta nt i n p ra cti c al te rm s. F or e xam ple , H is to ry
te aches y o ung g enera ti o ns a b out h o w th eir a ncesto rs f o ught a gain st o uts id e
in tr u d ers a nd m ad e s a crific es to p ro te ct th eir m oth erla nd a nd th e s o vere ig nty o f
th eir n ati o ns. T here fo re , th is s u b je ct f o ste rs a s e nse o f p atr io ti s m f o r th e s tu d ents .
How ev er, th e i n te nse s y lla b us o f u niv ers iti e s o fte n m akes s tu d ents f e el
overw helm ed w ith a g re at a m ount o f i n fo rm ati o n to c ra m i n .
On th e o th er h and , i n th e d ig ita l e ra , p eo ple n eed to b e s k illfu l i n th e m ajo r th ey
cho ose to p urs u e. I t a p pears i n d is p uta b le th at s tu d yin g m any s u b je cts w ould
dis tr a ct s tu d ents f r o m th eir s p ecia lty . M ore o ver, a lo ng w ith th e i n fo rm ati o n
exp lo sio n, p eo ple c an e asily m iti g ate th eir l a ck o f k no w le d ge a fte r g ra d uati n g
fr o m u niv ers iti e s. I n fo rm ati o n i s n o w w id ely a v aila b le o n th e I n te rn et w ith h ig h
accura cy. B esid es, e nco ura gin g s tu d ents to f o cus o n s o m e s u b je cts c an e ffe cti v ely
build u p a s tr o ng w ork fo rc e w hic h h as th e a b ility to f o ste r g enera l p ro sp erity o f a
nati o n.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh s o m e p eo ple a rg ue th at s tu d ents s h o uld s tu d y m ore
su b je cts , I w ould s id e w ith th o se w ho b elie v e i t i s i n d is p ensa b le f o r te rti a ry
stu d ents to e xcel i n o ne f ie ld o f e xp erti s e .
284 w ord s
30

SA M PL E 2 0
In te rn atio nal t r a vel h as m any a dvanta ges t o b oth t r a vele rs a nd t h e c o untr y
vis it e d. D o y ou t h in k a dvanta ges o utw eig h d is a dvanta ges?
It i s tr u e th at th e g ro w th o f th e i n te rn ati o nal to uris m h as e xerte d p ositi v e
in flu ences o n to uris ts a s w ell a s th e h o st c o untr y . W hile th ere a re s o m e d ra w backs
of i n te rn ati o nal tr a v el, I s ti ll b elie v e th at th ese c anno t o vers h ad ow th e b enefits .
On th e o ne h and , th e d ow nsid es o f i n te rn ati o nal tr a v el a re v arie d . I n te rm s o f th e
to uris ts th em se lv es, tr a v el e xp ense s to f a m ous to uris t d esti n ati o ns s u ch a s H a
Long B ay i n V ie tn am a re g ro ssly i n fla te d . T ra v ele rs m ay b e o verc harg ed f o r
ev ery th in g f r o m a ta xi, a cco m modati o n o r a m eal i n a r e sta ura nt. I n te rm s o f th e
ho st c o untr y , i n te rn ati o nal tr a v el c an a ls o p ose a th re at to th e e nv ir o nm ent. I f th e
am ount o f r u b bis h i lle gally d um ped i n to th e s u rro und in gs a nd th e c o nstr u cti o n o f
ho te ls a nd to uris t a ttr a cti o ns w ere u nre gula te d , i t w ould l e ad to a r is e i n th e l e v els
of p ollu ti o n a nd g re atl y d am age th e e nv ir o nm ent. F or e xam ple , m any b each r e so rts
in V ie tn am h av e b eco m e c o ncre te j u ngle s o f h ig h-ris e h o te ls a nd a p artm ents to
sa ti s fy th e i n cre asin g d em and f o r a cco m modati o n o f m ass to uris ts f r o m E uro pe.
On th e o th er h and , I s ti ll b elie v e th at th e a d vanta ges o f i n te rn ati o nal tr a v el
outw eig h th e d is a d vanta ges. F ir s t, a tr ip to a no th er c o untr y c an p ro vid e tr a v ele rs
with c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to g ain a l o t o f f a sc in ati n g e xp erie nces o f c uis in e a nd
cultu re . F or i n sta nce, w hen f o re ig n to uris ts c o m e to V ie tn am , th ey h av e a c hance to
use c ho psti c ks, e njo y tr a d iti o nal m eals a nd h av e a th o ro ugh i n sig ht i n to l o cal l ife .
Seco nd , th e i n flu x o f f o re ig n to uris ts c an a ls o c o ntr ib ute g re atl y to th e
dev elo pm ent o f th e h o st c o untr y th ro ugh th e p ro vis io n o f j o bs a nd s e rv ic es f o r th e
dev elo pin g h o te ls a nd c o nstr u cti o n i n d ustr ie s. T his p ositi v ely a ffe cts th e h o st
co untr y ’s e co no m ic e xp ansio n a nd a m elio ra te l o cal c iti z e ns’ s ta nd ard s o f l iv in g.
In c o nclu sio n, i t a p pears to m e th at th e d ra w backs o f i n te rn ati o nal tr a v el c anno t
eclip se th e b enefits .
295 w ord s
31

SA M PL E 2 1
Out o f a c o untr y ’s h ealt h b udget, a la rg e p ro portio n s h ould b e d iv erte d f r o m
tr e atm ent t o s p endin g o n h ealt h e duca tio n a nd p re venta tiv e m easu re s. T o
what e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h e a bove s ta te m ent?
In th is w orld , m any p eo ple a re d yin g f r o m v ario us ty p es o f h ealth -re la te d
pro ble m s d ue to th e l a ckin g o f a p pro pria te h ealth e d ucati o n a nd p re v enti v e
acti o ns. T hat i s w hy th e g o vern m ent e xp end s a h uge a m ount o f m oney f in d in g a n
ap pro pria te a p pro ach to th is m atte r. B y th is , I m ean th at m ore m oney n eed s to b e
sp ent o n p ro gra m mes to p re v ent m ajo r i lln esse s a nd e d ucate th e p ub lic o n th eir
dangers .
There i s a l o t o f i g no ra nce a b out m any c o m mon h ealth p ro ble m s, l ik e h eart
dis e ase f o r e xam ple . M any o f th ese c an b e p re d ic te d /a v oid ed , o r th eir
sy m pto m s/e ffe cts r a d ic ally r e d uced , i f m ore p eo ple a re m ad e a w are o f th em
th ro ugh p ub lic e d ucati o n p ro gra m mes. T his h as a lr e ad y b een p ro ven i n m any
co untr ie s. T he U K , f o r i n sta nce, h as s e en a r e m ark ab le d ecre ase i n th e n um ber o f
wom en d yin g f r o m b re ast c ancer b ecause s o cia l m ark eti n g c am paig ns p ro vid e
in fo rm ati o n o n p ote nti a l th re ats a nd p ro m ote r e gula r s e lf- e xam in ati o n to d is c o ver
th is c riti c al d is e ase . W ith p ub lic a w are ness a t i ts h ig hest l e v el e v er, c iti z e ns a re
more h ealth c o nsc io us a nd h av e th e te nd ency to p erfo rm p erio dic m ed ic al c heck-
up , w hic h i s b enefic ia l i n th e l o ng r u n.
Alth o ugh I a m s tr o ngly i n f a v our o f s p end in g m oney o n s u ch p ro gra m mes, I d o n o t
belie v e th at th e c urre nt h ealth b ud get s h o uld s u ffe r/ b e m axim iz e d f o r th is s o le
purp ose . T he d ay to d ay tr e atm ent w hic h p ati e nts a re c urre ntl y u nd erg o in g/
exp erie ncin g i s j u st a s i m porta nt. W e m ust f in d th e m oney f o r th is c ru cia l c ause
els e w here . A t th e m om ent o ur g o vern m ent s p end s b illio ns o f d olla rs o n w eap ons.
If th ey d iv erte d / r e allo cate d o nly a f r a cti o n o f th is i n to th e h ealth b ud get, m ed ic al
fa ciliti e s c o uld b e e xte nsiv ely i m pro ved a nd a id s a re g iv en to m ore
und erp riv ile ged p eo ple . U lti m ate ly th is w ould r e su lt i n a s ig nific ant r e d ucti o n i n
th e n um ber o f p ati e nts w ho se i lln esse s h av e n o t b een p re v ente d a nd i n n eed o f
urg ent m ed ic ati o n, w hic h, a lo ng w ith h ealth -p ro te cti n g a nd p re v enti v e p ro gra m s,
can i m pro ve th e h ealth o f th e n ati o n a s a w ho le .
In th e e nd , w hils t i t i s i m porta nt to i n v est i n a r a nge o f tr e atm ents a v aila b le to
peo ple c urre ntl y r e ceiv in g th em , I f ir m ly b elie v e th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld a ls o
pla ce a n i m porta nce o n d is b urs in g th e m oney to i m ple m ent p ro gra m mes w hic h
32

keep u s i n g o od h ealth .
330 w ord s
33

SA M PL E 2 2
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at s tu dyin g a t u niv ersit y o r c o lle ge is t h e b est r o ute t o
a s u cce ssfu l c a re er, w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is b ette r t o g et a j o b s tr a ig ht
afte r s c h ool. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s.
Now ad ays, th ere h as b een a g ro w in g d eb ate w heth er i t i s a b ette r w ay f o r y o ung
peo ple to c o nti n ue s tu d y a t h ig her e d ucati o n i n sti tu ti o ns s u ch a s c o lle ge a nd
univ ers ity o r to w ork a fte r g ra d uati n g f r o m s c ho ol i n o rd er to a chie v e e arly
su ccess. W hile th ere a re b enefits to w ork in g/ h av in g e arly e m plo ym ent a fte r h ig h
sc ho ol, th ere a re a ls o g o od r e aso ns w hy s tu d ents s h o uld p ro ceed th eir e d ucati o n
fu rth er.
On th e o ne h and , w ork in g s tr a ig ht a fte r s c ho ol i s a ttr a cti v e f o r s e v era l r e aso ns.
Fir s tl y , y o ung p eo ple c an s ta rt m akin g m oney e arlie r th at th o se w ho h av e to g o to
univ ers ity . T here fo re , th ey c an a ffo rd th eir o w n l iv in g e xp ense s, b eco m e m ore
in d ep end ent a nd m atu re . T his a d vanta ge a ls o h elp s th em to e ase th e f in ancia l
burd en f o r th eir f a m ily . S eco nd ly , th o se p eo ple / th ey a re m ore l ik ely to m ake a
fa ste r/ m ore a d vanced p ro gre ss/ f a st tr a ck to a s u ccessfu l c are er s in ce th ey d o n o t
hav e to s p end m any y ears i n u niv ers ity o r c o lle ge. I n ste ad , th is a m ount o f ti m e c an
be c o nv erte d to e arn in g w ork in g e xp erie nces i n s o m e s p ecific a re as. A s a r e su lt,
th ey c an b e m ore a ttr a cti v e/o uts ta nd in g to e m plo yers w ho l o ok f o r e m plo yees th at
hav e/ th o se h av in g p ra cti c al k no w le d ge a nd s k ills .
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re m any b enefits to h av in g h ig her e d ucati o n a fte r h ig h
sc ho ol g ra d uati o n. F ir s t, u niv ers iti e s o r c o lle ges p re p are / e q uip y o ung p eo ple
with h ig her-le v el q ualific ati o ns, w hic h i s w hat m ost e m plo yers r e q uir e m ent th ese
days/ a s a c erti fic ate f o r th eir a b iliti e s a nd k no w le d ge, w hic h m ost e m plo yers
want to e nsu re / e xp ect. I n a d diti o n, a s a c o nse q uent o f g lo baliz a ti o n, th e j o b/la b or
mark et i s b eco m in g i n cre asin gly d em and in g a nd c o m peti ti v e. T hus, i t i s o bvio us
th at c and id ate s w ith e lig ib le q ualific ati o ns c an o pen th e d oor/ c an e asily a nd
se cure ly g et a ccess to b ette r e m plo ym ent p ro sp ects . F urth erm ore , u niv ers ity
gra d uate s c an e xp ect a m uch h ig her s a la ry th an th o se w ith o ut e q uiv ale nt e d ucati o n.
For e xam ple , i n V ie tn am , j o b s e ekers w ho h o ld d egre es i n f in ance o r m ed ic ati o n
are o ffe re d i m pre ssiv e s a la ry r a nges a m ount a lo ng w ith o th er b enefits s u ch a s
paid h o lid ays, i n su ra nce a nd b onus. H ow ev er, a s a m atte r o f f a ct, th o se w ith o ut
degre es a re n o t tr u ste d f o r p ro fe ssio nal p ositi o ns; i n ste ad , th ey m ust s ta rt f r o m
basic a nd l o w -p aid ta sk s to a cq uir e s u ffic ie nt r e q uir e m ents f o r th e j o b, n o t to
menti o n i t m ay b e i m possib le to b eco m e a d octo r o r l a w yer w ith o ut h av in g th e
34

re le v ant d egre e.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s e v id ent th at w ork in g r ig ht a fte r s c ho ol a nd g etti n g h ig her
ed ucati o n/ j o in in g th e w ork fo rc e a nd c o nti n uin g th eir e d ucati o n b eyo nd h ig h
sc ho ol l e v el e ach h av e th eir o w n u niq ue a d vanta ges. P eo ple s h o uld c o nsid er th eir
care er o pti o n a nd i n d iv id ual p re fe re nce to m ake th e d ecis io n r e gard in g th is m atte r.
350 w ord s
35

SA M PL E 2 3
Sch ools s h ould n ot f o rc e c h ild re n t o le arn a f o re ig n la nguage. T o w hat e xte nt
do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In th e e d ucati o nal f ie ld , p eo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s o n th e q uesti o n o f w heth er
th e f o re ig n l a nguage s h o uld n o t b e c o m puls o ry f o r c hild re n. P ers o nally , w hile I
te nd to w ard s th is p oin t o f v ie w , I a ls o b elie v e th at i t s h o uld b e o f g re at n ecessity
fo r s tu d ents to a cq uir e a no th er l a nguage a p art f r o m th eir m oth er to ngue.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re v ario us c o m pellin g r e aso ns w hy s c ho ol c hild re n d o n o t
need to l e arn a s e co nd l a nguage. F ir s tl y , i t i s n o n-e sse nti a l f o r th o se w ho d o n o t
hav e th e n eed s o f f u lfillin g th e e xp ecta ti o ns o f s tu d yin g a b ro ad . A s a c o nse q uence,
it m ay l e ad to th e c o unte r-p ro ducti v ity i n th eir s tu d ie s w hen th ey a re g iv en a s e nse
of c o m puls io n. A no th er r e aso n i s th at c hild re n m ay b e r e lu cta nt i n l e arn in g
with o ut f u ll a w are ness o f th e r e le v ance o f o blig ato ry s c ho ol s u b je cts to th eir
pre se nts a nd f u tu re l iv es. T his s itu ati o n, th ere fo re , m ay tu rn i n to d ep re ssio n,
whic h h as a n a d vers e i m pact o n th eir p sy cho lo gic al h ealth .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at l e arn in g a n ew l a nguage p la ys a c ru cia l r o le i n
child re n’s l iv es. I n m y o pin io n, th o se w ho b egin to l e arn a f o re ig n l a nguage i n
prim ary s c ho ol a re u su ally a b le to h av e a g o od g ra sp o f th e n ew l a nguage q uic kly .
Conse q uentl y , th ey r a re ly f in d th em se lv es o ut o f th eir d ep th . F urth erm ore ,
bilin gual s tu d ents a re b elie v ed to h av e a n a d vanta ge o ver o th ers w ho o nly k no w
ho w to u se o ne l a nguage. S pecific ally , th ey m ay h av e g re ate r l e arn in g c ap ab ility
fo r o th er d is c ip lin es a s w ell.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile i t c an b e u nnecessa ry f o r c hild re n to l e arn a s e co nd l a nguage,
it s e em s to m e th at a cq uir in g a n ew l a nguage s h o uld b e g iv en a h ig h p rio rity a nd
be a d vis a b le f o r s tu d ents to m ake th e g ra d e i n th eir s tu d ie s.
279 w ord s
36

SA M PL E 2 4
Young p eople a re o fte n in flu ence d in t h eir b ehavio rs a nd s it u atio ns b y o th ers
in t h e s a m e a ge. T his is c a lle d “ peer p re ssu re ”. D o t h e d is a dvanta ges
outw eig h t h e a dvanta ges?
It i s u nd oub te d th at th ere a re a l o t o f a rg um ents a b out th e e ffe ct o f “ p eer p re ssu re ”
on y o ungste rs . F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, th is p heno m eno n c an l e ad to b oth b enefits
and d ra w backs.
On th e o ne h and , y o ung g enera ti o ns’ b ein g a ffe cte d b y o th ers c an b rin g o ut s o m e
obvio us a d vanta ges. F ir s t, “ p eer p re ssu re ” i s ( m ore ) l ik ely to h elp th e y o ungste rs
(to ) e ffo rtl e ssly b le nd i n to th e n ew c o m munity a nd a lle v ia te th e g ra v ity o f s o cia l
is o la ti o n d ue to /th anks to s o m e s im ila r c hara cte ris ti c s a nd h o bbie s. M ore o ver,
“p eer p re ssu re ” c an m ake a v alu ab le c o ntr ib uti o n to b oosti n g th e c o opera ti o n a nd
so lid arity a m ong s tu d ents i n th e l e arn in g p ro cess th ro ugh te am w ork a nd
dis c ussio ns. F in ally , th e y o ung tr y th eir b est to n o t o nly i m pro ve th em se lv es b ut
als o to a chie v e a n a m biti o n. I n th is w ays, th eir d ete rm in ati o n i s e m phasiz e d .
On th e o th er h and , “ p eer p re ssu re ” a ls o r e su lts i n s o m e a d vers e d em erits . T here i s
no d enyin g o f th at th e o m nip re se nce o f th is c ir c um sta nce w ould m ake th e y o ung
peo ple b eco m e m ore e nv io us a nd a llo cate th eir ti m e a nd m oney to k eep u p w ith
th eir f r ie nd s. S om e g ir l s tu d ents , f o r i n sta nce, s q uand er th eir tu iti o n o n b uyin g a
fir s t- c la ss h and bag l ik e th e o ne th eir f r ie nd s h av e. F urth erm ore , i t i s c erta in ly tr u e
th at y o ungste rs a re b ound to f in d i t h ard to e xp re ss th eir d is ti n cti o n a nd c re ati v ity
when th ey a re i n a g ro up i n w hic h e v ery o ne i s th e s a m e b ecause o f b ein g a fr a id o f
boyco tt a nd a b om in ati o n.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at p eer p re ssu re c an l e ad to s o m e s ig nific ant m erits
to th e y o ung b esid es ( s o m e) i n ev ita b le s e tb acks. A s a r e su lt, y o ung p eo ple s h o uld
kno w th e b est w ays to ta ke a d vanta ge o f th is p heno m eno n.
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SA M PL E 2 5
Many p eople s u pport t h e d evelo pm ent o f a gric u lt u re , s u ch a s f a cto ry f a rm in g
and c re atio n o f n ew f r u it s a nd v egeta ble s. O th ers o ppose t h is id ea. P re se nt
both v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
For m any y ears , f a rm in g te chniq ues h av e b een i m pro ved b y th e to uch o f s c ie nce
whic h r e su lts i n h ig h c ro p y ie ld s a nd n ew ty p es o f p ro duct. W hile s o m e p eo ple
th in k th is d ev elo pm ent m ay c o nta in s o m e p ote nti a l h arm s to h um an a nd th e
env ir o nm ent, I a m c o nv in ced b y th e i d ea th at i ts p ositi v e a sp ect i s m ore v alu ab le .
There a re s o m e c erta in d oub ts a b out th e n egati v e e ffe cts o f s c ie nce-re la te d
im pro vem ent i n a gric ultu re . F ir s tl y , m any p eo ple b elie v e th at g eneti c ally m odifie d
cro ps c o uld l e ad to h ealth -re la te d p ro ble m s o n h um ans. I n f a ct, s o m e r e se arc hers
hav e f o und th at g eneti c m odific ati o n i n f o ods p ose s ig nific ant a lle rg y r is k s to o ur
body w hic h c ause b y s o m e a d din g o r m ix in g i n gre d ie nts w hic h d id n o t e xis t o n th e
orig in al p la nts o r a nim als . S eco nd ly , g ro w in g c ro ps w ith p esti c id es/ I n se ct- k ille d
chem is tr y a lte rs th e w ay n atu re w ork s. T his m ean, w hen h arm fu l b ugs a re k ille d ,
oth er ty p es o f a nim al w hic h e at th em w ould b e o n th e v erg e o f e xti n cti o n d ue to
th e l a ck o f f o od. A s a c o nse q uence, th e e co sy ste m b ala nce i s d is tu rb ed th at c re ate
ir re v ocab le h arm to th e e nv ir o nm ent.
On th e o th er h and , a p ply in g s c ie nce a d vancem ents i n to f a rm in g b rin gs e no rm ous
ad vanta ges to o ur s o cie ty . A n i m porta nt th in g s h o uld b e m enti o ned i s th at i t
im pro ves th e q uality a nd ta ste o f p ro ducts a s w ell a s n utr ie nt. B y c ro ssin g
bio lo gic al b arrie rs , s c ie nti s ts c an c re ate c o rn s th at a re s w eete r o r e v en m ore
nutr iti o us b y e nhancin g th e v ita m in s i n o rd er to p ro vid e d elic io us a nd h ealth ie r
fo od f o r c o nsu m ers . O n to p o f th at, g eneti c m odific ati o n s e em s to b e th e m ost
effe cti v e s o lu ti o n to ta ckle w orld h unger p ro ble m . T his i s b ecause i t i n v ents
pro ducti v e s p ecie s a nd m akes c ro ps m ore e ffic ie nt w hic h s u p ply m ore f o od f o r
dev elo pin g c o untr ie s w here th eir c iti z e ns a re f a cin g w ith s ta rv ati o n.
In c o nclu sio n, I s u p port f o r th e r e v olu ti o n i n f a rm in g b ecause i t r e ally c o ntr ib ute s
to i m pro vin g th e l iv in g c o nd iti o n o f h um an w here as i ts o pposite s id e i s s ti ll
sk ep ti c al.
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SA M PL E 2 6
There a re a n um ber o f d if fe re nt f o rm s o f c o m munic a tio n a nd o ne s u ch f o rm is
body la nguage. I n w hat w ay is b ody la nguage a f o rm o f c o m munic a tio n? W hat
oth ers w ays d o p eople c o m munic a te w it h e ach o th er?
To m ost p eo ple , l a nguage s p eaks f o r i ts e lf a nd th e m eanin g o f l a nguage l ie s i n th e
word s a nd s o und s i ts e lf. H ow ev er, i n m y o pin io n, a l a nguage g o es b eyo nd i ts
lite ra l m eanin g a nd d eliv ers d iffe re nt m essa ges a s s itu ati o ns c hange/ E ffe cti v e
co m munic ati o n r e lie s n o t o nly o n w ord in g, p ro nuncia ti o n a nd s e nte nce
co nstr u cti o n b ut a ls o o n p hysic al g estu re a nd f a cia l e xp re ssio ns. I t i s u nd enia b le
th at b ody l a nguage i s a u se fu l f o rm o f c o m munic ati o n i n m any c ir c um sta nces/ T he
movem ents o f th e b ody a ls o h av e a b earin g o n th e f o rm in g o f a l a nguage. B esid es,
th ere a re o th er a p pro aches to c o m munic ate to w ith e ach o th er.
Physic al n o nv erb al c o m munic ati o n, o r b ody l a nguage, i n clu d es f a cia l e xp re ssio ns,
eye c o nta ct, b ody p ostu re , g estu re s s u ch a s a w av e, p oin te d f in ger a nd th e l ik e,
overa ll b ody m ovem ents , to ne o f v oic e, to uch, a nd o th ers . T here a re tw o c ase s i n
whic h p eo ple m ostl y u se b ody l a nguage. F ir s tl y , tw o p eo ple / r e sid ents / c iti z e ns
fr o m d iffe re nt c o untr ie s m ust e xp re ss th eir th o ughts b y m ovin g p arts o f th eir b ody
in c ase o f n o t s p eakin g a ny m utu al l a nguage. O bvio usly , m ovem ents o f b ody p la y
an i n te gra l p art i n tr a nsfe rrin g u nsp oken w ord s a nd th o ughts i n m in d to f o re ig n
partn ers w ith o ut s a yin g a ny w ord s s in ce th ese m oti o ns a re a s s im ple a nd
und ers ta nd ab le a s p ossib le . S eco nd ly , p eo ple w ith p hysic al d is a b iliti e s s u ch a s
th e d eaf o r m enta l d is o rd ers l ik e a uti s ti c c hild re n h av e to u se b ody l a nguage i n
daily c o m munic ati o n to c o nv ey m essa ges a nd i n fo rm ati o n th at c anno t b e
perfo rm ed v erb ally . I n s c ho ols f o r th e d is a b le d , a u niv ers a l s e t o f s ig n l a nguage i s
dev elo ped to h elp n o t o nly i n cap acita te d l e arn ers c o m munic ate to e ach o th er b ut
als o n o rm al p eo ple u nd ers ta nd th em . T hat s e t i s m ain ly e xerc is e d b y h and s a nd
re ally a h elp fu l to ol i n g iv in g o pin io ns, e xchangin g i n fo rm ati o n, a nd e v en
exp re ssin g f e elin gs w ith o ut a ny s o und s.
Besid es b ody l a nguage, v erb al a nd w ritte n c o m munic ati o ns a re u se d d aily . I t i s
th e f a ct th at o ra l c o m munic ati o n i s th e m ost c o m mon f o rm o f c o m munic ati o n b y
whic h o nly h um an b ein gs, a m ong o th er s p ecie s l iv in g o n E arth , c an e xchange
in fo rm ati o n w ith th eir c o unte rp arts . E ach n ati o n h as i ts o w n l a nguage b ut th ey m ay
le arn o th er f o re ig n l a nguages to c o m mune w hen m ovin g to o th er c o untr ie s. L ast
but n o t l e ast, c o rre sp ond ences s u ch a s l e tte rs , e m ails , tr a nsm itta ls , a nd f a csim ile s
are m akin g v alu ab le c o ntr ib uti o ns to c o m munic ati o n a t w ork a s w ell a s i n d aily
39

life . F or i n sta nce, c o m panie s b uild th eir o w n w ritte n c o m munic ati o n s y ste m to
ensu re th at i n fo rm ati o n i s f u lly c o nv eyed to a ll e m plo yees. T hey c an b e e xp re sse d
in v is u al th ro ugh v is u al a id s s u ch a s s ig ns, ty p ogra p hy, d ra w in g, g ra p hic d esig n,
illu str a ti o n, c o lo r a nd o th er e le ctr o nic r e so urc es. T echno lo gic al d ev elo pm ents
hav e m ad e e xp re ssin g v is u al c o m munic ati o ns m uch e asie r th an b efo re .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re a n um ber o f c ir c um sta nces i n w hic h p eo ple d eriv e
benefits f r o m u sin g b ody l a nguage i n te rm s o f c ultu ra l e xchange a nd l a nguage
ab ility . I n a d diti o ns, h um ans c an o pt f o r ( u sin g) o th er m eth o ds/m eans o f
co m munic ati o n, v erb ally a nd n o n-v erb ally .
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SA M PL E 2 7
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at t h e b est w ay t o im pro ve p ublic h ealt h is b y
in cre asin g t h e n um ber o f s p orts f a cilit ie s. O th ers t h in k t h at t h is h as lit tle
effe cts a nd o th er m easu re s a re r e quir e d. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our
opin io n.
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out h o w p eo ple c an m ain ta in a nd d ev elo p th eir
health . S om e p eo ple th in k th at h av in g a g re at n um ber o f m odern s p orts e q uip m ent
fo r th e p ub lic i s th e b est a nsw er, w hile o th ers b elie v e th at th ere a re s e v era l
weaknesse s o f th is w ay a nd th ey r e q uir e o th er m eans. I n m y o pin io n, I s tr o ngly
belie v e th at i f p eo ple r e aliz e b oth o f th em to geth er, th ey w ill r e ceiv e th e e ffic ie nt
re su lts .
There i s n o d enyin g th at r e gula r e xerc is e i s e sse nti a l i n m ain ta in in g a h ealth y
body.i n o th er w ord s, th anks to d oin g e xerc is e s, p eo ple a re a b le to b urn a l a rg e
num ber o f c alo rie s w hic h h elp s to b uild h ealth y b ones a nd m usc le s. I n a d diti o n,
afte r a h ard d ay a t s c ho ol o r o ffic es, e v ery o ne d em and s to r e le ase s tr e ss a nd g et
energ y f o r th e n ew w ork in g d ay. I t i s s u ggeste d th at th e b est w ay to a chie v e th is i s
doin g p hysic al p ra cti c es. F or e xam ple , i n th e a fte rn o ons, i n d iv id uals c an w alk
aro und th e p ark s a nd c an k eep f it b y u sin g th e p ub lic f a ciliti e s. A s a r e su lt, th e
go vern m ent s h o uld d is tr ib ute m ore th e f r e e m achin es f o r th eir c iti z e ns.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s a rg ued th at th ere a re v ario us o th er m eth o ds w hic h h av e
dir e ct e ffe cts o n p eo ple ’s b ody to i m pro ve th eir h ealth . H av in g a b ala nced d ie t i s
an i n sta nce. I t m eans th at p eo ple s h o uld c o nsu m e n utr iti o us f o od w hic h c o nsis ts o f
vegeta b le w ith o ut c hem ic als a nd f r e sh m eat a nd f is h es. E sp ecia lly , o ne o f th e
im pacts o f a n u nhealth y d ie t i s th at th e n um ber o f o besity i s i n cre asin g r a p id ly
re centl y b ecause o f e ati n g j u nk f o od w ith th e h ig h f a t. T here fo re , i f p eo ple h av e a
bala nced d ie t, i t c an h elp p eo ple r e d uce a v arie ty o f d is e ase s, s u ch a s d ia b ete s,
hig h b lo od p re ssu re , a nd h eart a tta cks.
All i n a ll, w hen p eo ple h av e a h ealth y d ie t a nd a p ositi v e l ife sty le th ey c an h av e a
lo ng s p an l ife .
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41

SA M PL E 2 8
Now adays u niv ersit y e duca tio n is v ery e xpensiv e. S om e p eople s a y t h at
univ ersit ie s s h ould r e duce t h eir f e es, e sp ecia lly f o r t h e le ss f o rtu nate s tu dents
or t h ose c o m in g f r o m r u ra l a re as. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e
wit h t h is s ta te m ent?
In tw o r e cent d ecad es, th e c o st o f tu iti o ns i n u niv ers iti e s h as i n cre ase d
sig nific antl y a nd p eo ple h av e c o ncern ed th at s tu d ents w ho a re l e ss p riv ile ged o r
fr o m r u ra l a re as, c anno t a ffo rd to p urs u e a u niv ers ity d egre e / to p arta ke i n
univ ers ity c o urs e s. I a m s tr o ngly i n f a v or o f th e o pin io n th at u niv ers iti e s s h o uld
decre ase th eir f e es.
Fris t a nd f o re m ost, e d ucati o n i s th e b asis /fo und ati o n o f a ny d ev elo pm ent o f
so cie ty . T here i s a d ir e ct c o rre la ti o n th at th e d ev elo ped c o untr ie s h av e h ig h
ed ucati o n q uality . E sp ecia lly th eir u niv ers iti e s c an c re ate m any d octo rs , s c ie nti s ts ,
exp erts i n n um ero us f ie ld s. F urth erm ore , th ese e xp erts a ssis t th eir c o untr ie s w ith
gre at r e se arc h, b oosti n g th e e co no m y, e d ucati o n, s c ie nce, m ed ic in e, e tc .
There fo re , e v ery n ati o n n eed s th e h ig hly e d ucate d a nd p ro ducti v e w ork fo rc e b ut
th e h ig h f e es a t u niv ers iti e s p re v ent th e o pportu niti e s f r o m r e achin g a ll c iti z e ns.
Besid es, s tu d ents a re u nd er g re at f in ancia l p re ssu re , h av in g th e l e ss s u ffic ie nt
le arn in g th an th ey a re p ossib le . A s w e k no w , th ere a re m any s tu d ents w ho w ork
part- ti m e to p ay f o r th e f in ancia l c harg es. S eco nd ly , th e g o vern m ents a re tr y in g to
re d uce th e d is p ariti e s a m ong s o cia l c la sse s, e nab lin g u s to e sc ap e f r o m th e p erio d
when o nly e lite c o uld s tu d y i n u niv ers iti e s. T here fo re , r e d ucin g u niv ers iti e s f r e es
co ntr ib ute s to r e achin g e q uality f o r h um anity .
On th e o th er h and , s o m e p eo ple s ta te /a gre e th at r e d ucin g f e es i n u niv ers iti e s
re se m ble r e d ucin g th e v alu e o f u niv ers iti e s. A s th e r e su lt, u niv ers iti e s, p erh ap s,
are b eco m in g l e ss c o m peti ti v e th an th ey u se d to a nd th e q uality o f u niv ers iti e s
does n o t e v olv e i n te nsiv ely . M ore o ver, u niv ers iti e s a re n o t a b le to g et a l o t o f
re v enue a nd th is d efin ite ly h as s o m e a d vers e e ffe ct/ in flu ence o n th eir o pera ti o ns
in p arti c ula r a nd e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent i n g enera l.
To s u m u p , th e m erits o f r e d ucin g f e es i n u niv ers iti e s o utw eig h k eep in g h ig h
tu iti o n f e es. T here fo re , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p our m uch m ore m oney i n to
ed ucati o n i n th e f o rm o f s c ho la rs h ip s f o r s tu d ents .
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42

SA M PL E 2 9
Som e p eople t h in k t h at s tu dyin g f r o m t h e p ast t e ach es u s n oth in g a bout
to day’s lif e . O th ers a rg ue t h at t h e h is to ry is a v alu ed s o urc e o f in fo rm atio n.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
There h av e b een d iffe re nt a rg um ents o ver th e p ossib le i m pacts o f h is to ry o n th e
modern s o cie ty . W hile m any p eo ple b elie v e th at i n fo rm ati o n f r o m th e p ast h as n o
effe ct o n to day's g enera ti o n, I w ould a rg ue th at i t i s r e aso nab le to c o nsid er h is to ry
as a v ita l s o urc e o f k no w le d ge i n th e p ro gre ssio n o f th e h um anity .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s th o ught th at s tu d yin g h is to ry i s f r u itl e ss a s i t i s m ere ly a s e t
of p ast e v ents . F ir s tl y , i n th e e v er-c hangin g w orld , h um an a cti v iti e s n o w h ap pen i n
an e nti r e ly d iffe re nt m anner c o m pare d to th e p ast. T here fo re , h is to ric al d ata a nd
exp erie nces a p pear to p la y n o r o le i n d ecis io n m akin g o r p re d ic ti n g th e f u tu re .
Seco nd ly , th ere i s n o f ir m e v id ence f o r th e a ccura cy o f th e h is to ric al i n fo rm ati o n
due to p eo ple 's b ia se d j u d gm ents a nd l a ck o f a d ata s to ra ge s y ste m . I f s o m e
in fo rm ati o n a b out th e h is to ric al e v ents w ere w ro ng, p eo ple w ould h av e a n
in co rre ct u nd ers ta nd in g o f th e p ast s o cie ty a nd c ultu re .
On th e o th er h and , I w ould s id e w ith th o se w ho th in k th at h is to ry p ro vid es p eo ple
with a n i n sig ht i n to th eir s u rro und in gs. I n f a ct, h is to ry i s a n o ngo in g p ro cess i n
whic h p eo ple a re a p pro achin g a b ette r w orld . F or th at r e aso n, v alu ab le
kno w le d ge f r o m th e h is to ry c o uld e nab le i n d iv id uals to b e a w are o f th eir
unlim ite d p ote nti a ls , r e su lti n g i n m ore e ffo rts to b e m ad e f o r th e s u sta in ab le
dev elo pm ent o f th e h um an c iv iliz a ti o n. B esid es, l e arn in g f r o m th e p ast c o uld h elp
peo ple to a v oid m akin g r e gre tf u l m is ta kes. F or e xam ple , i f th e U S m ilita ry h ad
th o ro ughly s tu d ie d th e V ie tn am 's h is to ry o f d efe nd in g a gain st f o re ig n i n v asio ns,
th ey w ould h av e c alle d o ff th e V ie tn am W ar, w hic h to ok th e l iv es o f m illio ns o f
in no cent p eo ple .
In c o nclu sio n, to s o m e e xte nt, a lth o ugh s o m e a rg um ents a ris e w hen g ain in g
kno w le d ge a b out h is to ry i s l ik ely to b rin g n o v alu e to th e s o cie ty , i t s e em s to m e
th at i ts u lti m ate b enefits a re s ig nific ant.
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SA M PL E 3 0
Som e p eople t h in k t h e g overn m ent s h ould p ay f o r h ealt h ca re a nd e duca tio n,
but o th er p eople c la im t h at it is t h e in div id ual’ s r e sp onsib ilit y .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n?
It i s tr u e th at th e d em and f o r h ealth care a nd e d ucati o nal s e rv ic es h as b een
sig nific antl y i n cre asin g i n th e w orld i n r e cent y ears . A lth o ugh th ere i s w id esp re ad
belie f th at p eo ple m ust b e r e sp onsib le f o r p ayin g f o r th eir o w n h ealth c are a nd
ed ucati o n, th e g o vern m ent w ould b e s ti ll a cco unta b le o n th is i s su e.
On th e o ne h and , s o m e p eo ple b elie v e th at h ealth a nd e d ucati o n a re p ers o nal
matte rs a s i t i s th e r e sp onsib ility o f e ach i n d iv id ual to m ain ta in th eir o w n h ealth
and e d ucati o n. T he f a ct th at, i n o ne n ati o n, th ere a re d iffe re nt d egre es o f l iv in g,
eith er e m plo yed c iti z e ns o r u nem plo yed o nes, c re ate s d iffe re nt/ v arie d l e v els o f
ta xes p aid to th e g o vern m ent. T here fo re , i t i s u nfa ir i f a ll c iti z e ns c an b e r e ceiv ed
th e s a m e a m ount f r o m g o vern m ent f u nd in g f o r th eir h ealth c are a nd e d ucati o nal
se rv ic es. F urth erm ore , b y p ayin g th eir o w n f e es, p eo ple w ould b e m ore s e rio us
ab out ta kin g c are o f th em se lv es.
On th e o th er h and , p eo ple th in k th at th e r e sp onsib ility o f p ayin g f o r h ealth c are a nd
ed ucati o nal e xp ense s b elo ngs to th e g o vern m ent. C iti z e ns h av e to p ay m any k in d s
of f e es f o r th eir g o vern m ent s u ch a s i n co m e ta xes, p ro perty ta xes a nd v alu e a d ded
ta xes, w hic h s tr o ngly s u p port th e g o vern m ent i n d ev elo pin g th eir a rm y a nd
te chno lo gy. T here fo re , g o vern m ent’ s b ud gets s h o uld b e a llo cate d to f u nd m ed ic al
acti v iti e s a nd e d ucati o nal p ro gra m s f o r th eir c iti z e ns to s a ti s fy p eo ple ’s p hysic al
need s, e sp ecia lly th e p oor p eo ple w ho a re n o t a b le to g et a g o od e d ucati o n a nd
decent h ealth c are . B y p ayin g th ese e xp ense s, g o vern m ents w ould b e g ain in g a
num ber o f a d vanta ges i n tr a in in g p ro ducti v e l a b ors w ho w ill m ake a c o ntr ib uti o n
to th e d ev elo pm ent o f th e e co no m y.
In c o nclu sio n, p ayin g f e es f o r h ealth c are a nd e d ucati o nal s e rv ic es i s th e
re sp onsib ility o f b oth i n d iv id uals a nd g o vern m ents . P eo ple m ust b e a cco unta b le
fo r th eir o w n e d ucati o n a nd h ealth care w hile g o vern m ents s h o uld ta ke th e
ap pro pria te c o urs e o f a cti o n to r e lie v e th e h eav y b urd en o f s p end in g o n m ed ic in e
and e d ucati o n.
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SA M PL E 3 1
Som e p eople a rg ue t h at in div id uals c a n d o n oth in g t o im pro ve t h e
envir o nm ent. T here fo re , o nly g overn m ents a nd la rg e c o m panie s c a n m ak e a
dif fe re nce . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
Hum ans a re c o nfr o nti n g e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s th at a re m ore ta xin g th an b efo re .
How ev er, th e d eb ate o ver w heth er i n d iv id uals o r g o vern m ent p la y th e k ey r o le i n
th e i m pro vem ent o f th e e nv ir o nm ent h as b een h eate d c o nsta ntl y . I n m y o pin io n, th at
th e g o vern m ent a nd l a rg e c o m panie s c an m ake a b ig d eal i n p ro te cti n g th e
env ir o nm ent d oes n o t m ean th at th e i n d iv id uals c anno t d o a nyth in g to m ake i t
bette r.
It i s u nd enia b le th at s ig nific ant d iffe re nce h as b een m ad e b y g o vern m ent’ s a cti o n.
Alm ost a ll to p-d ow n p olic ie s i m pose d /in tr o duced b y th e g o vern m ent a b out
env ir o nm ent p ro te cti o n h as p re v ente d m any f a cto rie s f r o m o ver-e xp lo iti n g a nd
destr o yin g th e e co sy ste m . T hese r e gula ti o ns a re /in clu d e th o se o n h ig her s ta nd ard
re q uir e m ents o f th e e m is sio n o f m anufa ctu re s s u ch a s h eav y m eta ls a nd to xic ,
hig her ta x o n p ro ducts u sin g d is p osa b le m ate ria ls , o r s tr o ng p unis h m ent o n
defo re sta ti o n. T hese p olic ie s h av e n o t o nly p re v ente d /d ete rre d c o m panie s f r o m
dev asta ti n g th e n atu ra l s u rro und in gs m ore b ut a ls o p ush p re ssu re o n th em to c re ate
th e i n no vati v e w ay to m ake th e e nv ir o nm ent b ette r. O bvio usly , m any k in d s o f
re new ab le e nerg y u sin g n atu ra l p ow er, a v arie ty o f r e usa b le m ate ria ls a nd
ad vanced w aste tr e atm ent s y ste m h as b een r e se arc hed , d ev elo ped g ra d ually a nd
ap plie d i n to r e al l ife i n r e cent y ears . T here fo re , i t i s q uite c le ar to s e e w hat
diffe re nce th e g o vern m ent a nd l a rg e g ro up s c an m ake to th e w ho le w orld .
How ev er, I n d iv id uals a re a ls o th e m ain d ete rm in ant to i m pro ve th e e nv ir o nm ent.
The m ore a w are ness p eo ple h av e, th e m ore a d vanta geo us i t i s f o r th e
env ir o nm ent. W ith l im ite d u se o f p riv ate v ehic le s / b y u sin g f e w er p riv ate
vehic le s, e ach p ers o n c an h elp /h elp s to r e d uce a l o t o f f u m es, l e ad in g to l e ss A ir
pollu ti o n. B y s e le cti n g th e e co -fr ie nd ly p ro ducts , th e c o nsu m ers e nab le th e
su p plie rs to r e d uce f o ssil m ate ria ls u se d i n m anufa ctu rin g, r e su lti n g i n l e ss
exp lo ita ti o n o f th e e arth ’s n atu ra l r e so urc es. A lth o ugh i n d iv id uals o nly m ake s m all
changes, m illio ns o f p eo ple u niti n g c an d efin ite ly c re ate s ig nific ant m ovem ent i n
th e i m pro vem ent o f th e g lo bal e nv ir o nm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I a ccep t th at th e g o vern m ent a nd b ig g ro up s p la y k ey r o le s i n
dealin g w ith e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s, m y b elie f i s th at i t n eed s c o ncerte d e ffo rts
45

of b oth th e g o vern m ent, l a rg e c o rp ora ti o ns, a nd i n d iv id uals to e nab le
im pro vem ent to o ur s u rro und in gs.
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SA M PL E 3 2
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at a c rim e is a r e su lt o f s o cia l p ro ble m s a nd p overty ,
oth ers t h in k t h at c rim e is a r e su lt o f b ad p erso n’s n atu re . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s
and g iv e y our o pin io n.
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s w ith r e gard to th e f a cto rs th at m ake p eo ple tu rn
to /c o m mit a c rim e. W hile I te nd to w ard s th e v ie w poin t th at th e b ad i n nate
chara cte ris ti c s a re r e sp onsib le f o r th is s itu ati o n, I a m m ore c o nv in ced th at i t i s
la rg ely a c o nse q uence o f s o cia l i s su es a nd p overty .
On th e o ne h and , th e b ad e sse nce o f i n d iv id uals i s a n i m porta nt f a cto r l e ad in g to a
ris in g c rim e r a te . F ir s tl y , i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at a p ers o n p osse ssin g b ad q ualiti e s
is m ore v io le nt a nd m ay s ta rt a c rim in al l ife m ore e asily th an a n o rm al o ne. F or
in sta nce, f r o m a n e d ucati o nal p ers p ecti v e, th o se w ho a re b ully in g s tu d ents th at
usu ally f r ig hte n th e w eaker a re m ore l ik ely to b e f o und g uilty o f b re akin g th e l a w s
in th e f u tu re . F urth erm ore , p eo ple w ho h av e a s e nse o f l a zin ess a nd g re ed in ess c an
easily e m bark o n th e l ife o f c rim e b y b ein g l a w bre akers to a cq uir e e asy m oney
in ste ad o f m akin g a n h o nest l iv in g. F or e xam ple , th ere h as b een a g ro w in g
te nd ency th at th e y o ung a d ults ta ke a n i lle gal a cti o n b y ta kin g a no th er p ers o n’s
pro perty .
On th e o th er h and , I c o ncur w ith th o se w ho a rg ue th at s o cia l p ro ble m s a nd p overty
are th e p rim ary r e aso ns a sso cia ti n g w ith th e s tr o ng p assio n o f p eo ple f o r
beco m in g o ffe nd ers . O n a s o cia l a sp ect, th ere a re m any i s su es r e su lti n g i n th e
in cre ase i n c rim e r a te . F or e xam ple , th e a d ole sc ent te nd s to b re ed f u tu re
wro ngd oers a s a r e su lt o f th e n egati v e i m pacts o f th e p ris o ners w ho m th ey k no w .
Ano th er k ey f a cto r i s th at p eo ple s u ffe rin g f r o m l o ts o f d iffic ulti e s b ecause o f
bein g i n p oor c o nd iti o n c an d ecid e to c o m mit s e rio us o ffe nse s. I f p eo ple d o n o t
hav e e no ugh m oney to m ake e nd s m eet, th ey w ill b e te m pte d to b eco m e i n v olv ed
in c rim in al l ife sty le s j u st to s a ti s fy th eir f a m ilie s’ f in ancia l n eed s.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile th ere a re s o m e v ario us c o nv in cin g c ause s w hy b ad i n nate
dis p ositi o ns c an l e ad to c rim in al tr e nd , m y o w n v ie w i s th at th e m ain r e aso ns a re
so cia l c o nd iti o ns a nd p ro ble m s.
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SA M PL E 3 3
In m any c o untr ie s, c h ild re n a re e ngaged in s o m e k in d o f p aid w ork . S om e
people r e gard t h is a s c o m ple te ly w ro ng, w hile o th ers c o nsid er it a s v alu able
work e xperie nce , im porta nt f o r le arn in g a nd t a k in g r e sp onsib ilit y .
What a re y our o pin io ns o n t h is is su e?
The i d ea o f b usin esse s h av in g c hild re n a s e m plo yees h as b een h ig hly c o nte nti o us
acro ss v ario us n ati o ns. W hile I a ccep t th at s u ch a n e arly i n v olv em ent i n w ork in g
acti v iti e s c an b e h arm fu l to c hild re n’s d ev elo pm ent i n c erta in w ays, I b elie v e th at
it c o uld b enefit th em a s l o ng a s th e w ork i s a d eq uate .
On th e o ne h and , u sin g c hild l a b our o bvio usly i m pose s a n i m min ent th re at to s o m e
exte nt. I n p arti c ula r, s o m e c hild re n n eed to c arry s o m e h aza rd ous a cti v iti e s a t
work s u ch a s w ork in g u nd er h ars h c o nd iti o ns, c arry in g o verly h eav y i te m s o r
bein g e xp ose d to d angero us c hem ic al m ate ria ls . U nd oub te d ly , th is p uts th em a t
ris k f o r s o m e s e rio us d is e ase s a nd i n ju rie s. F or e xam ple , i t w as a c o m mon s c ene
at ti le f a cto rie s th at a n um ber o f b oys w ere b ein g f o rc ed to w ork u nd er e xtr e m e
heat, a s w ell a s c o m e i n c o nta ct w ith p ois o no us s u b sta nces, w hic h c an d am age
th eir r e sp ir a to ry s y ste m s.
On th e o th er h and , I p ers o nally s u p port th o se b usin esse s, w hic h o ffe r th em w ith
valu ab le e xp erie nces to s ti m ula te th eir p ers o nal d ev elo pm ent. I n f a ct, i t e nab le s
th em to p ra cti c e a w id e r a nge o f n ecessa ry s k ills i n th eir tr a nsiti o n i n to a d ulth o od.
For i n sta nce, a c hild w ho w ork s a s a w aite r o r w aitr e ss i n M c D onald ’s i s l ik ely
to l e arn to b ear g re ate r r e sp onsib ility , w hic h c o ntr ib ute s e no rm ously to h is f u tu re
em plo ym ent. M ore o ver, w ork in g to e arn th eir o w n m oney e nco ura ges th em to b e
more e co no m ic al. I n o th er w ord s, th eir s k ill o f f in ancia l m anagem ent c an b e
enhanced .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile i n s o m e c ase s, c hild re n’s e ngagem ent i n w ork m ay h in d er
th eir p ers o nal d ev elo pm ent, I w ould a rg ue th at s o m e b usin esse s a re o ffe rin g th em
a v alu ab le c hance to g ain e sse nti a l s k ills a nd e arn p ocket m oney s im ulta neo usly .
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SA M PL E 3 4
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at t o uris m p ro m ote s t h e e co nom y w hile o th er a rg ue
th at t o uris m d estr o y t h e e nvir o nm ent. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s.
Durin g th e p ast f e w y ears , th e to uris m i n d ustr y h as b eco m e th e l e ad in g s e cto r o f
nati o nal d ev elo pm ent. H ow ev er, w hile s o m e p eo ple c la im th at th e e co no m y i s
booste d th anks to to uris m g ro w th , o th ers c riti c iz e i t f o r d oin g h arm to th e
env ir o nm ent. T his e ssa y w ill l o ok a t b oth v ie w s.
On th e o ne h and , to uris m s e cto r c o ntr ib ute s a h uge r e v enue to th e c o untr y th ro ugh
eco no m ic a cti v iti e s r u n b y s o cie ti e s a ro und to uris t a ttr a cti o ns. I t i s c le ar th at
to uris m i s n o w b eco m in g a n i n d ustr y th at c re ate s th o usa nd s o f j o bs f o r c iti z e ns i n
te rm s o f i ts m anagem ent, p ro te cti o n a s w ell a s p ro m oti o n. M ore o ver, i t h elp s
im pro ve th e i n co m e o f l o cal r e sid ents th ro ugh s e llin g s o uv enir s a nd p ro vid in g
to uris m s e rv ic es s u ch a s h o te ls a nd e nte rta in m ent. T here fo re , c iti z e n’s l iv in g
sta nd ard c o uld b e u p gra d ed a nd th e u nem plo ym ent r a te c o uld b e r e d uced . A ll o f
th ese e co no m ic a cti v iti e s c ru cia lly c o ntr ib ute to a chie v in g th e g o als o f
go vern m ent to p ro vid e j o b o pportu niti e s a nd to b rin g th e p ro sp erity o f s o cie ty .
On th e o th er h and , to uris m c an h av e a n egati v e i m pact o n th e e nv ir o nm ent.
Specific ally , e xcessiv e b uild in g l ik e r o ad s, a nd h o te ls th at d estr o ys n atu ra l
hab ita ts o f a nim als a nd s p oils th e l a nd sc ap e. A t th e s a m e ti m e, to uris m a ls o
cause s p ollu ti o n i n s o m e c ro w ded a re as. M ore o ver, i t p uts p re ssu re o n l o cal
re so urc es s u ch a s f o od, w ate r, a nd e nerg y. H ow ev er, I b elie v e th at e nv ir o nm enta l
pro te cti o n i s th e p arts o f to uris m d ev elo pm ent o n h o w g o vern m ent a llo cate s th e
bud get to to uris m s e cto r f o r c re ati n g a c le an e nv ir o nm ent o r p ro m oti n g e co to uris m
in w hic h e nv ir o nm ent a re th e b asis o f to uris m .
To s u m u p , I th in k th at a lth o ugh to uris m c an d riv e a b ette r e co no m ic g ro w th , w e
sh o uld n o t l o se o ur s ig ht th at to uris m a ls o c an h arm o ur l o cal e nv ir o nm ent.
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SA M PL E 3 5
Many b uild in gs a re p ro te cte d b y la w s b eca use t h ey a re p art o f n atio n’s
his to ry . H ow ever, s o m e p eople t h in k o ld b uild in gs s h ould b e k nock ed d ow n t o
mak e w ay f o r n ew o nes b eca use p eople n eed h ouse s a nd o ffic e s.
How im porta nt is it t o m ain ta in o ld b uild in gs? S hould h is to ry s ta nd in t h e w ay
of p ro gre ss?
Som e p eo ple b elie v e th at o ld b uild in gs s h o uld b e r e p la ced w ith a p artm ents a nd
new o ffic es b ecause h is to ry m ig ht i n te rfe re w ith th e p ro gre ss o f th e c o untr y .
How ev er, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at i t i s o f g re at i m porta nce to p re se rv e s u ch
build in gs a s th ey n o t o nly r e p re se nt th e n ati o nal i d enti ty b ut a ls o c arry a
sig nific ant i n tr in sic v alu e.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a n um ber o f c o m pellin g r e aso ns f o r p ro te cti n g o ld
build in gs. F ir s tl y , s u ch a nti q ue b uild in gs a re a tta ched w ith a g re at h is to ric v alu e
th at c o ntr ib ute s tr e m end ously to th e n ati o nal h is to ric p re se rv ati o n. S eco nd ly ,
with o ut th em , a ll th e c o untr ie s a ro und th e w orld w ould b eco m e i d enti c al, m eanin g
th at p eo ple w ould b e a ssim ila te d d ue to th e l o ss o f th eir n ati o nal i d enti ty a nd
co nnecti o n to th eir h o m ela nd . F in ally , s o m e o ld b uild in gs a ls o h av e v alu ab le
natu re i n te rm s o f h o w th ey a re c o nstr u cte d w hic h w orth m illio ns o f d olla rs . F or
exam ple , s o m e b uild in gs o f c erta in e ra s, n am ely p re -W orld W ar I I, w ere o fte n
built w ith e xtr e m ely h ig h-q uality m ate ria ls s u ch a s h ard w oods f r o m th e f o re sts
th at a re n o l o nger e xis t.
On th e o th er h and , c o ntr a d ic to ry to th e c o m mon b elie f th at h is to ry h in d ers th e
co untr y ’s d ev elo pm ent, p ro te cti n g i t c an a ctu ally s ti m ula te th e n ati o nal e co no m ic
gro w th . I n p arti c ula r, n um ero us a nti q ue b uild in gs u se d a s to uris t s ite s o fte n b rin g
an e no rm ous i n co m e to th e c o untr y . F or i n sta nce, th e C olo sse um i n I ta ly h as
attr a cte d a v ast n um ber o f i n te rn ati o nal to uris ts e v ery y ear, c o ntr ib uti n g g re atl y to
its n ati o n’s to uris m i n d ustr y . C onse q uentl y , h is to ry c an a ccele ra te th e n ati o nal
pro gre ss s ig nific antl y d ue to i ts e co no m ic b enefits .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c riti c al to p ro te cti n g o ld b uild in gs b ecause o f i ts ta ngib le a nd
in ta ngib le v alu e, a nd I b elie v e th at h is to ry i s n o t a d ete rre nt to th e c o untr y ’s
su ccess.
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SA M PL E 3 6
Som e p eople t h in k t h at in t h e m odern w orld w e a re m ore d ependent o n e ach
oth er, w hile o th ers t h in k t h at p eople h ave b eco m e m ore in dependent.
Dis c u ss a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
It i s w id ely a rg ued i n th e m odern s o cie ty w heth er p eo ple d ep end l e ss o r m ore o n
oth ers . I p ers o nally b elie v e th at w e l iv e m ore i n d ep end entl y th an e v er.
There a re tw o m ain r e aso ns w hy p eo ple th in k th at w e h av e a te nd ency to r e ly o n
each o th er. F ir s tl y , a s l ife i s c o m ple x a nd d iffic ult, i t i s h ard f o r i n d iv id uals to l iv e
in d ep end entl y . I n C hin a, m any y o ung c o up le s c ho ose to s ta y w ith th eir p are nts
afte r m arria ge b ecause th ey c anno t a ffo rd to b uy a h o use a s w ell a s th ey c an s a v e
money f o r a h o use r e nt to r a is e th eir o ffs p rin g. S eco nd ly , s in ce p eo ple s e em to b e
busie r a t w ork th ey n eed a l o t o f s u p port f r o m o th ers . F or i n sta nce, m y b ro th er a nd
sis te r i n l a w a lw ays h av e to w ork o verti m e; c o nse q uentl y /a s a r e su lt, th ey c anno t
pic k u p m y n ie ces o n ti m e a t 5 p m . T hus, m y f a th er h elp s th em to b rin g th eir k id s
ho m e e v ery d ay.
How ev er, i t s e em s to m e th at p eo ple n o w ad ays h av e b eco m e m ore i n d ep end ent.
Many p eo ple c ho ose to s e ttl e d ow n th eir l iv es f a r a w ay f r o m h o m e. T here fo re ,
th ey n eed to d eal w ith a ll p ro ble m s b y th eir o w n. I n A meric a, n o rm ally a fte r 1 8,
th e y o ung l e av e th eir b elo ved h o use a nd s ta rt th eir i n d ep end ent l ife . A s a r e su lt,
th ey a re f r e e to p urs u e th eir i n te re sts a nd e v en tr a v el a ro und th e w orld .
Furth erm ore , th anks to th e te chno lo gic al d ev elo pm ent, p eo ple n o w c an w ork a lo ne
and f r o m a ny p la ce o n E arth . W ith a l a p to p a ccesse d to th e I n te rn et, w e c an e asily
ho ld a c o nfe re nce o nlin e. T here w ould b e n o p arti c ula r/c o nsid era b le /c o m pellin g
need f o r a ny s e cre ta ry to s e t u p m eeti n g r o om o r p re p are a ny p ro je cto r o r
sta ti o nary th in gs.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile m any p eo ple th in k th at w e a re n o w r e ly in g m ore o n o th ers , I
pers o nally b elie v e th at w e a re n o w l iv in g m ore i n d ep end entl y a s a r e su lt o f
te chno lo gy a d vances a nd th e y o ung g enera ti o n’s n ew s ty le l ife .
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51

SA M PL E 3 7
Now adays m ore a nd m ore y oung p eople h old t h e im porta nt p osit io ns in t h e
govern m ent. S om e p eople t h in k t h at is a g ood t h in g w hile o th ers a rg ue t h at it
is n ot s u it a ble . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Now ad ays, y o ung p eo ple a re e m erg in g a s i m porta nt r e so urc es o f l e ad ers h ip f o r
th e g o vern m ent. W hile s o m e p eo ple th in k th ey m ig ht a re i n co m pati b le , I w ould
arg ue th at th is tr e nd c an b e a g o od/fr e sh i n iti a ti v e.
On th e o ne h and , th is tr e nd m ay b rin g a b out/ r e su lt i n / l e ad to s o m e n o ta b le
dra w backs. T he m ain i s su e i s th at i t i s r e ally h ard f o r y o ung l e ad ers to i n flu ence
th eir o ld er e m plo yees a s w ell a s r e p la ce i m porta nt p ositi o ns b y th o se y o ung
peo ple d ue to th e tr a d iti o n o f r e sp ecti n g f o r a n o ld g enera ti o n i n s o m e c o untr ie s.
Ano th er p ro ble m i s th at th ere i s a b ig /m ajo r g ap i n e xp erie nce b etw een y o ung a nd
old g enera ti o n/c and id ate s. W hile o ld l e ad ers h av e f a ced m any c halle nged a lo ng
th eir c are er, y o ung l e ad ers c an e asily m ake m is ta kes, s te m min g m ostl y f r o m th e
la ck o f p ra cti c al e xp erie nces a nd th e i n cap ab ility o f d ecis io n m akin g.
On th e o th er h and , a llo w in g y o ung p eo ple to h o ld i m porta nt v acancie s c an b e
ad vanta geo us f o r s o m e r e aso ns. F ir s tl y , y o ung l e ad ers o fte n h av e a n e no rm ous
passio n w hic h i s v ery c ru cia l f o r th e w ork . T heir d iffe re nt th in kin g a nd c re ati v ity
are a ls o e sse nti a l f o r c hangin g u nfa sh io nab le /c o nv enti o nal p ro cesse s th at a re o fte n
work in g u np ro ducti v ely i n th e p ast. S eco nd ly , y o ung l e ad ers h av e a l o ng ti m e
work in g a head w hic h c o ntr ib ute s to a g re at a d vanta ge c o m pare d to o ld er
co unte rp arts . F or e xam ple , o ld g enera ti o n m ig ht b e p ers is te nt u nd er s tr o ng
pre ssu re o r s u ffe r f r o m f e w er h ealth p ro ble m s th at p re v ent th em f r o m w ork in g
pro ducti v ely .
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th ere a re s tr o ng a rg um ents f o r b oth v ie w s, i t s e em s to m e
th at o n th e w ho le , i t i s b enefic ia l th at m ore y o ung p eo ple a re b ein g s e le cte d to
pla y s o m e k ey r o le s i n th e g o vern m ent.
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52

SA M PL E 3 8
Both g overn m ents a nd in div id uals a re s p endin g v ast a m ounts o f m oney
pro te ctin g a nim als a nd t h eir h abit a ts . T his m oney c o uld b e b ette r s p ent
dealin g w it h f u ndam enta l is su es in s o cie ty s u ch a s p overty a nd h ealt h ca re .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
The f ig hts to p ro te ct a nim als a nd th e f ig hts a gain st p overty a nd d is e ase s a re ta kin g
pla ce e v ery d ay o n e v ery c o rn er o f th e w orld . N ev erth ele ss, h o w th e g o vern m ents
and i n d iv id uals j o in i n th ese f ig hts d ep end s g re atl y o n th e c hara cte ris ti c s o f th e
are a th ey a re l iv in g. A s f a r a s I ’ m c o ncern ed , i n s o m e a re as, th e c o nse rv ati o n o f
anim als a nd th eir h o m e a re c o sti n g r e sid ents a nd th eir g o vern m ent's h uge a m ounts
of m oney a nd th ey s h o uld c o nti n ue ta kin g th at s te p . W hile w ith th e a uth o riti e s a nd
in d iv id uals i n o th er a re as, u rg ent i s su es i n s o cie ty h av e p rio rity o ver th e
pro te cti o n o f e nd angere d a nim als .
On th e o ne h and , d ev elo pin g a re as o r n ati o ns a re s tr u gglin g w ith c o m plic ate d
so cia l p ro ble m s s u ch a s p overty o r h ealth care a nd c o nse rv in g w ild a nim als a nd
th eir h ab ita ts a re n o t th e f ir s t p rio rity . F or e xam ple , s u ffe rin g f r o m p overty ,
sta rv ati o n, a nd d is e ase s to d eath i s e xtr e m ely c o m mon i n A fr ic a. I t i s w here
ra in fo re sts , th e h o m e o f m any a nim al s p ecie s, a re b ein g d estr o yed a re a t a n
ala rm in g r a te , w hic h i s p rim arily c ause d b y th e a cti v iti e s o f th e g enera l
popula ti o n. T hey r e ly h eav ily o n w ood a s th e m ajo r s o urc e o f e nerg y, c utti n g
dow n tr e es f o r h eati n g a nd c o okin g. R esid ents th ere a re n o t e v en m eet th eir o w n
basic h um an n eed s, th ere fo re c an h ard ly b oth er c o nse rv in g w ild a nim als o r th eir
hab ita ts . C le arly , th is f a ct r e q uir e s th e a uth o riti e s to s p end m oney s o lv in g p re ssin g
pro ble m s i n s o cie ty f ir s t i f th ey w ant to p ro te ct a nim als a nd th e e nv ir o nm ent th ey
liv e i n .
On th e o th er h and , h ig h i n co m e a nd d ev elo ped c o untr ie s, w here i s su es s u ch a s
poverty a nd h ealth care a re n o l o nger p ro ble m s to th eir s o cie ty , a re g iv in g a g re at
deal o f m oney to th e c o nse rv ati o n o f e nd angere d a nim als a nd th eir h ab ita ts . M any
pro je cts h av e b een c arrie d o ut, i n w hic h i n fr a str u ctu re a nd r e se arc h a re th e tw o
most e xp ensiv e. A n e xam ple o f th is i s th e s u ccessfu l c ap ti v e b re ed in g p ro gra m i n
zo os, w hic h c o st a v ast a m ount o f m oney, h as r e su lte d i n a n i n cre ase i n th e
world ’s p and a p opula ti o n. A s th e p ro ble m o f c o nse rv in g e nd angere d a nim als a nd
th eir h o m e i s g etti n g m ore u rg ent, i t i s w orth r e ceiv in g m ore m oney.
In c o nclu sio n, I a ccep t th at th e p ro te cti o n o f a nim als a nd th eir h ab ita ts i s r e ceiv in g
53

huge a m ounts o f m oney i n s o m e a re as a nd i t i s r e aso nab le to c o nti n ue to g iv e
money to i t. W hile i n o th er a re as, p re ssin g i s su es i n s o cie ty s u ch a s p overty a nd
health care a re th e f ir s t p rio riti e s.
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SA M PL E 3 9
Som e p eople t h in k t h at k illin g a nim als f o r f o od is c ru el, b ut o th ers c la im t h at
anim als a re a n ece ssa ry p art o f t h e d ie t. W hat is y our o pin io n?
In r e cent y ears , a nim al w elfa re a nd a nim al p ro te cti o n h av e b een g iv en h ig her
weig ht b y th e g enera l p ub lic . M any a d opt a v ie w th at m eat p la ys a n i n d is p ensa b le
ro le i n h um an d aily m eals . H ow ev er, to th e b est o f m y k no w le d ge, I d o b elie v e
th at b utc hery i s c ru el, i m mora l a nd p eo ple c an l iv e h ealth ily w ith o ut s la ughte rin g
and e ati n g a nim als .
Fir s tl y , i t i s i m porta nt th at s c ie nti fic v egeta ria n d ie t w hic h h as a d eq uate n utr ie nts
and s u b sta nces h as b een r e co gniz e d a nd f a v ore d b y a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple .
Now ad ays, s c ie nti s ts h av e p ro ven th at m any ty p es o f p la nts s u ch a s g ra in s,
mush ro om , a nd v egeta b le s c an p ro vid e i n te gra l, c ru cia l s u b sta nces f o r h ealth a nd
bodily g ro w th s im ila rly a s m eat d oes. I n f a ct, f o r i n sta nce, th ere a re m any
cele b riti e s a nd f a m ous p ers o ns h av e to c ho ose to b e v egeta ria ns i n o rd er to
im pro ve th eir h ealth a nd f ig ht a gain st th e c ap ita liz a ti o n o f a nim als w hic h l e ad s to
anim al p ain a nd e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s.
Seco nd ly , v egeta ria n d ie ts a re v ita l, b enefic ia l w hen i t c o m es to h um an h ealth a nd
well- b ein g. A necd ota l e v id ence s h o w s th at m eat- fr e e d ie ts c an h elp to i n hib it a nd
ev en c ure s o m e f a ta l d is e ase s s u ch a s c ancer. S cie nti fic e xp erim ents c la im th at
meat d is h es s u p ply n utr ie nts f o r c ancer c ells w hile p la nt m eals d o n o t.
Furth erm ore , a lb eit i n ta ngib le , s o m e p eo ple r e co gniz e th at v egeta ria n l ife sty le
enhances s p ir itu al l ife a nd h elp th em f e el b ette r, h ap pie r.
In c o nclu sio n, n o t o nly d o m eatl e ss d ie ts p ro vid e s u ffic ie ntl y n ecessa ry n utr ie nts
fo r p eo ple ’s h ealth , b ut i t a ls o i m pro ves h um an l ife i n a p ositi v e w ay. T here fo re ,
peo ple s h o uld r e d uce m eat g ra d ually a nd r e p la ce b y v egeta b le s b ecause o f i ts
benefits a nd a v oid in g c ause p ain to a nim als .
259 w ord s
55

SA M PL E 4 0
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at e duca tin g c h ild re n a lt o geth er w ill b enefit t h em .
Oth ers t h in k in te llig ent c h ild re n s h ould b e t a ught s e para te ly a nd g iv en s p ecia l
co urse s. D is c u ss t h ose t w o v ie w s.
In r e cent d ecad es, c hild re n e d ucati o n h as b een g iv en h ig her w eig ht b y th e g enera l
pub lic . S om e p eo ple b elie v e th at i t i s c ru cia l, b enefic ia l to g ath er ta le nte d
stu d ents a nd o ffe r th em s p ecia l c o urs e s. H ow ev er, a s e v ery c o in h as tw o s id es,
th e p ro s a nd c o ns o f th is e d ucati o nal p hilo so phy w ill b e d is c usse d i n th e
fo llo w in g e ssa y.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s n o t s u rp ris in g th at a rra ngin g g ifte d c hild re n w ith s p ecia l
cla sse s a nd g iv in g s p ecia l i n str u cti o n w ould b rin g tr e m end ous i n te re sts to
pro ducin g e lite s tu d ents . T he n utr ie nt e nv ir o nm ent w hic h p ro m ote s g eniu se s’
pro gre ss to w ard s u ccess c o uld b e p ro vid ed b y th is te achin g m eth o d. I n s ta rk
co ntr a st, w hen l e arn in g th ro ugh th e o rd in ary c urric ulu m , th e p ers o nal d ev elo pm ent
of p ro dig ie s a re u su ally h am pere d . I n th is e ffo rt, ta le nte d c hild re n c o uld f a cilita te
th eir l e arn in g p ro gre ss b y e xchangin g k no w le d ge a nd e xp erie nce w ith th eir s a m e
peers .
On th e o th er h and , th is te achin g m eth o d h as s o m e d ra w backs th at s h o uld b e ta ken
in to c o nsid era ti o n. I n p arti c ula r, i t w ould f o ste r d ep re ssio n, f r u str a ti o n a m ongst
slo w s tu d ents . T re ati n g d iffe re ntl y c an d riv e o rd in ary s tu d ents to f e el th e s e nse o f
elim in ati o n a nd w orth le ssn ess. A s a c o nse q uence, l o w -a chie v ers c o uld c ast d oub t
on th eir e ffo rt w hic h l e ad s to th e l o w er p erfo rm ance a nd th e l o w er r e co rd i n
sc ho ol. F urth erm ore , th is a rra ngem ent c an tw is t c hild re n’s p erc ep ti o n o f th eir
ab ility a nd p ote nti a lly c ause n egati v e e ffe cts o n th eir l ife a fte rw ard .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s a d ile m ma to e v alu ate th e a d vanta ges a nd d is a d vanta ges o f
te achin g s e p ara te ly , d iffe re ntl y i n te llig ent s tu d ents . A lth o ugh th is w ay c an b rin g a
nutr iti o us e nv ir o nm ent to th e p ers o nal d ev elo pm ent o f h ig h-a chie v ers , th e f e elin g
of d is c rim in ati o n a nd o th er d etr im enta l r e su lts s h o uld b e ta ken i n to a cco unt o f
ed ucato rs s e rio usly .
261 w ord s
56

SA M PL E 4 1
As w ell a s m ak in g m oney, b usin esse s a ls o h ave s o cia l r e sp onsib ilit ie s. D o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
In th e m odern b usy l ife , r e sp onsib ility to th e p ub lic / s o cie ty h as p la yed a n i n te gra l
ro le i n th e d ev elo pm ent f o r b oth i n d iv id uals a nd e nte rp ris e s. M any a d opt th at
busin esse s s h o uld o nly c o ntr ib ute to th eir e co no m ic b oom w ith o ut r e gard in g th e
so cia l c o ncern s. F or m y o w n p ers p ecti v e, g enera ti n g p ro fits a nd s o cia l d uti e s a re
eq ually i m porta nt.
On th e o ne h and , p eo ple r e co gniz e th at f ir m s n eed to m ake m oney to s u rv iv e i n
th is c o m peti ti v e w orld . F ir s tl y , i t i s l o gic al th at th e to p p rio rity o f a ny c o m pany
sh o uld b e to c o ver i ts r u nnin g c o sts , s u ch a s e m plo yee’s s a la ry a nd o ffic e r e nta l.
Only b y s a ti s fy in g th ese e xp end itu re s c an e ntr e p re neurs g enera te i n no vati o ns a nd
makes m ore i m pro vem ent i n th eir b usin esse s. S eco nd ly , th e e xp ansio n o f
busin esse s c an e ffe cti v ely h elp th e g o vern m ent to m iti g ate th e p ro ble m o f
unem plo ym ent. I n o th er w ord s, a g re at n um ber o f e m plo yees a re a lw ays n eed ed i n
th e p ro cess o f e xp and in g a ny c o m pany. F in ally , i f e nte rp ris e s g enera te m ore
money, th ey w ill p ay m ore ta xes to th e g o vern m ent. A s a c o nse q uence, th e
auth o rity c an u se th is c ap ita l to s p end o n k ey f ie ld s to e nhance th e q uality o f l ife o f
th e w ho le c o m munity .
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re s o m e s tr o ng r e aso ns w hy b usin esse s s h o uld a ccep t
th at m ake c o ntr ib uti o ns to th e s o cie ty . O ne r e aso n i s th at e nte rp ris e s m ust c o ncern
ab out e nv ir o nm enta l c o nta m in ati o n b ecause th eir p ro ducti o n h as d ir e ct n egati v e
im pacts o n th e s u rro und in g. A ty p ic al e xam ple i s th at i f m any f a cto rie s i n
in d ustr ia l z o nes i n sta lle d w aste w ate r s y ste m i n ste ad o f d is c harg in g c hem ic al
waste d ir e ctl y i n to l a kes a nd r iv ers , w ate r d egra d ati o n c o uld b e c o ntr o lle d .
Ano th er r e aso n i s th at th ere a re v ario us s im ple m easu re s th at f ir m s c an ta ke to
co ntr ib ute to th e s o cie ty . F or e xam ple , th ey c an c arry o ut s o m e c harita b le
acti v iti e s s u ch a s p ro vid in g s c ho la rs h ip s. A s a r e su lt, n o t o nly m ay th ey h elp th o se
who a re l e ss f o rtu nate b ut th ey a ls o e nhance th eir i m age.
In c o nclu sio n, e nte rp ris e s s h o uld p la ce a s m uch i m porta nce o n th eir s o cia l
oblig ati o ns a s th ey d o o n th eir f in ancia l g o als .
319 w ord s
57

MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
It i s tr u e th at b esid es g enera ti n g m oney, c o m panie s a ls o n eed to ta ke r e sp onsib ility
fo r s o cia l i s su es. I c o m ple te ly a gre e w ith th is i d ea.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy b usin esse s a re th e i m porta nce o f
makin g m oney. O ne r e aso n i s th at c o m pany w ith p ro sp erity c an b oost th e c o untr y ’s
dev elo pm ent. F or e xam ple , i f c o m panie s m ake/ e arn m ore m oney, th ey p ay m ore
ta xes; a s a r e su lt, th e g o vern m ent c an s p end th ese b ud get o n h o sp ita ls , s c ho ols ,
and o th er s e rv ic es. F urth erm ore , b usin esse s w hic h m ake a h uge a m ount o f m oney
can e xp and a nd p ro vid e m ore j o bs. F or i n sta nce, n o w ad ays th ere a re a l o t o f
yo ungste rs u nem plo yed , s o th anks to th e e xp ansio n, th ese b usin esse s c o uld g iv e
th em c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to h av e a j o b.
Apart f r o m th e p ra cti c al b enefits e xp re sse d a b ove, I b elie v e th at b usin esse s
sh o uld a ccep t th at th ey h av e s o cia l r e sp onsib iliti e s. F ir s tl y , a b usin ess m ust n o t
harm th e e nv ir o nm ent. W ith o ut c o ntr o ls , s o m e f a cto rie s d is c harg ed r a w w aste s,
gase s a nd p ois o n o nto th e l a nd , th e a ir a nd th e r iv er, w hic h r e su lt i n th e
env ir o nm enta l d egra d ati o n. S eco nd ly , b usin esse s w hic h m ake p ro fits s h o uld p ut
money b ack i n to th e c o m munity th ro ugh c harity a nd f in ancia l s c ho la rs h ip . A s a
re su lt, i n cre asin g n um ber o f h o m ele ss p eo ple c o uld h av e a n a d eq uate a m ount o f
fo od a nd s w eate r, p oor/ u nd erp riv ile ged s tu d ents c o uld h av e m uch m ore
moti v ati o n to k eep th eir s tu d y.
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at i t i s i m porta nt f o r f ir m s to m ake m oney to c o ver th eir
co st, b ut th ey m ust a ls o h av e r e sp onsib iliti e s i n s o cia l l ife .
240 w ord s
58

SA M PL E 4 2
Alt h ough m ore a nd m ore p eople r e ad n ew s o n t h e I n te rn et, n ew sp apers w ill
re m ain t h e m ost im porta nt s o urc e o f n ew s. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In r e cent y ear, o nlin e n ew s a nd c o nv enti o nal n ew sp ap ers h av e b een g iv en h ig her
weig ht b y th e g enera l p ub lic . M any a d opt a v ie w th at a ll n ew sp ap ers s h o uld b e
re p la ced b y th e o nlin e n ew s i n th e d ig ita l a ge. H ow ev er, to th e b est o f m y
kno w le d ge, tr a d iti o nal n ew sp ap ers r e m ain s th e s o urc e o f n ew s i n o ur l ife .
On o ne h and , p eo ple c an r e co gniz e th at th e g ro w th o f a ccessin g th e i n te rn et h as
le d th e p ro porti o n o f o nlin e n ew s i n cre asin g s ig nific antl y . A necd ota l e v id ence
sh o w s th at th e o nlin e i s a b le to p ro vid e u p to th e n ew s a s i t h ap pens, 2 4 h o urs a
day e v ery d ay s o y o u c an e asy to a ccess th is e v ery w here o n y o ur m obile p ho ne o r
la p to p w ith th e i n te rn et. A nd th en y o u c an s h are , e xp re ss y o ur c o m ments o n th e
so cia l m ed ia . A ty p ic al e xam ple i s a n e xp lo sio n i n th e u se o f p la tf o rm s a s
Faceb ook, Y ouT ub e, tw is te r w here p eo ple c an s h are th e v ie w s a nd m in d s f o r f r e e.
In a d diti o n, th e m ore c o lo ur p ic tu re s, c lip s a re a tta ched to th is n ew s th e m ore
deta ils a re a ccesse d .
On th e o th er h and , c o nv enti o nal n ew sp ap ers s ti ll p la y a c ru cia l r o le i n s p ir itu al
life . I n th e r u ra l a re a w here th e i n te rn et i s l im ite d o r th e e ld er c an’t a b le to a ccess
th e i n te rn et, i t r e m ain s th e tr a d iti o nal m eans o f c o m munic ati n g th e n ew s. B ecause
of th e f a rm in g l ife , p eo ple l ik e th e e xp erie nce o f h o ld in g a nd r e ad in g a n ew sp ap er
ra th er th an l o okin g a t a c o m pute r s c re en. I n a d diti o n, i t a ls o m akes th e p eo ple tr u st
as r e lia b le n ew s w hic h i s p ub lis h ed b y th e p ro fe ssio nal j o urn alis ts a nd e d ito rs .
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite th e i n te rn et a ge, th e n ew sp ap ers h av e c o ntr ib ute d to th e
kno w le d ge i s p ro vid ed f o r th e p eo ple . B ut w e a ls o e nco ura ge th e d ev elo pm ent o f
th e o nlin e n ew s to m eet th e d em and f o r i n fo rm ati o n.
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SA M PL E 4 3
Som e p eople t h in k t h at s c h ools s h ould r e w ard s tu dents w ho s h ow t h e b est
aca dem ic r e su lt s , w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is m ore im porta nt t o r e w ard
stu dents w ho s h ow im pro vem ents . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n
opin io n.
The i d ea th at, w heth er a cad em ic i n sti tu te s s h o uld a w ard p riz e s f o r s tu d ents o n th e
basis /o n th e g ro und o f th eir to p-e xcelle nt s c ho la sti c a chie v em ents o r
im pro vem ents , r e m ain s a s o urc e o f c o ntr o vers y. W hile s o m e i n d iv id uals s a y th at
sc ho ols a re b ette r o ff r e w ard in g h ig h s c o re -a tta in in g s tu d ents , I w ould a rg ue th at i t
would b e p re fe ra b le to g iv e p riz e s to o nes w ho m ake p ro gre ss th ro ugho ut
in te lle ctu al/e d ucati o nal a tta in m ent.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a n um ber o f n egati v e c o nse q uences i f s c ho ols r e w ard
le arn ers w ho o bta in th e b est a cad em ic p erfo rm ance. F ir s tl y , i d eo lo gy a b out
sc o rin g m ark s a s h ig h a s p ossib le c an o blig e l e arn ers to a ggre ssiv ely c o m pete
again st e ach o th er d ue to s c o re s i n l ie u o f th e k no w le d ge. F or i n sta nce, i n a
su b je cti v e c ir c um sta nce, m y p eers a t u niv ers ity e xcessiv ely a d here to th eir s tu d y
with th e p urp ose o f o bta in in g g o od m ark s w ith o ut a ny s c ru ti n y a b out w hat
kno w le d ge th ey s h o uld a cq uir e . S eco nd ly , th e m ost e xcelle nt s tu d ents a re l ik ely to
re ceiv e th e m ajo rity o f th e a tte nti o n a nd p rio riti e s f r o m th eir te achers . O n a cco unt
of th e c o m mon te nd ency to f o cus o n th e m ost o uts ta nd in g p up ils o f te achers ,
pote nti a ls o f o rd in ary s tu d ents a re o fte n i g no re d l e ad in g to i n eq uality o f
opportu nity i n e d ucati o n.
On th e o th er h and , I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at s c ho ols s h o uld a w ard a p riz e f o r
le arn ers w ho a tte m pt to i m pro ve e v ery d ay. T he f ir s t b enefit i s th at i t w ill
moti v ate th em to d o a m ore h ard -w ork in g j o b to m ake a p le nty o f p ro gre ss i n th eir
stu d y. T here fo re , i t i s l ik ely to g iv e a n e q uiv ale nt c hance f o r a ll s tu d ents f r o m th e
poor-p erfo rm ed g ro up to w ell- p erfo rm ed o nes to e xp re ss th eir o w n i n te lle ctu al
ab ility . A no th er m erit i s th at th e b urd enso m e p re ssu re o n l e arn ers w ill b e r e d uced
sig nific antl y , w hic h c an m ake a m ajo r c o ntr ib uti o n to e lim in ati n g n egati v e a sp ects
in e xam in ati o ns. N ow th at s c o re d oes n o t k eep h o ld in g a c ru cia l p art a s a d ecis iv e
fa cto r i d enti fy in g th eir a b ility a nd n o n-s to p e ffo rts .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at i t i s b ette r to r e w ard s tu d ents m akin g p ro gre ss
pro fo und ly b ecause o f s o m e o uts ta nd in g p oin ts a lth o ugh o th er p eo ple i n sis t o n th e
most e xcelle nt s tu d ents m ore d ese rv e.
60

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61

SA M PL E 4 4
Som e p eople t h in k t h at it is g ood f o r a c o untr y 's c u lt u re t o im port f o re ig n
movie s a nd T V p ro gra m mes. O th ers t h in k t h at it is b ette r t o p ro duce t h ese
lo ca lly . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple a rg ue th at i n te rn ati o nal m ovie s a nd T V p ro gra m s i m porte d b rin g
benefits to a c o untr y ’s c ultu re w hile m any p eo ple s u p pose th at m ovie s a nd T V
pro gra m mes o ught to b e m ad e d om esti c ally o nly . I w ould a rg ue th at i t i s b ette r to
im port i n te rn ati o nal T V p ro gra m s.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy n ati o nal f ilm s a nd s h o w s a re
benefic ia l f o r th eir o w n c ultu re s. T he f ir s t r e aso n w ould b e th at l o cal T V s h o w s
cre ate a h uge o pportu nity to e d ucate r e sid ents a b out th eir c ultu re a nd h is to ry . A s a
re su lt, p atr io ti s m a nd n ati o nal p rid e w ill b e p ro m ote d a nd e xp and ed f o r a ll l o cal
peo ple to k no w a nd th ey w ill a p pre cia te th eir tr a d iti o ns a nd th eir w ays o f l ife
more . F urth erm ore , s u ch e nte rta in m ent r e la te s to th e c ultu re a nd l a nguage o f th e
aud ie nce w hic h b rin gs th em s a ti s fa cti o n a nd e njo ym ent. F or e xam ple , i n C hin a, th e
ad ap ta ti o n o f th e s h o w c alle d T he V oic e, w hic h c o nsis ts o f C hin ese f a m ous a rti s ts
who a re th e c o aches f o r y o ung ta le nts , a lw ays b rin gs e njo ym ent to m illio ns o f
vie w ers th ro ugho ut th e c o untr y .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at th e i m porta ti o n o f T V e nte rta in m ent f r o m f o re ig n
co untr ie s i s a d vanta geo us to s o m e e xte nt. F ir s tl y , p eo ple c an b ro ad en th eir o w n
kno w le d ge a b out d iffe re nt c ultu re s th ro ugh w atc hin g s o m e k in d s o f T V s h o w s. F or
in sta nce, th e A meric an f ilm “ T ita nic ” i s n o t o nly a d is a ste r m ovie , b ut a ls o g iv es
an i d ea a b out th e h is to ry o f e m ig ra ti o n f r o m E uro pe to th e U SA . S eco nd ly , m any
fo re ig n p ro gra m s o ffe r c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s f o r r e sid ents to l e arn l a nguages
th ro ugh l is te n to f o re ig ners o r r e ad th e s c rip ts , s u ch a s th e U S T V s e rie s “ L ik e”.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh b oth i m porte d , a nd l o cal f ilm s a nd s h o w s a re g o od f o r a
co untr y ’s c ultu re , i t s e em s to m e th at b uyin g o th er c o untr ie s e nte rta in m ent
pro gra m s i s m uch b ette r.
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62

SA M PL E 4 5
Som e p eople b elie ve t h e g overn m ent s h ould s p end m oney o n b uild in g t r a in
and s u bw ay lin es t o r e duce t r a ffic c o ngestio n. O th ers t h in k t h at b uild in g m ore
and w id er r o ads is t h e b ette r w ay t o r e duce t r a ffic c o ngestio n.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
There a re s o m e a rg um ents a b out h o w to r e d uce tr a ffic j a m . S om e p eo ple p ro pose
th at n ew a nd w id er r o ad s s h o uld b e b uilt, o th ers b elie v e th at d ev elo pin g s y ste m s
of p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n s u ch a s tr a in o r s u b w ay l in es i s a m ore e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o n.
Pers o nally , I a m i n clin ed to th e l a tte r v ie w .
Adm itte d ly , b uild in g w id er r o ad s, to s o m e e xte nt, i s a g o od w ay to ta ckle r o ad
co ngesti o n. H ow ev er, i t s e em s to s im ply b e a s to p-g ap m eth o d. T he e ffe ct o f th is
so lu ti o n i s o nly te m pora ry b ecause a lo ng w ith th e g ro w th o f p opula ti o n a nd
eco no m y, th e n um ber o f p riv ate v ehic le s w ill c o nti n uo usly i n cre ase w hic h w ill
quic kly f ill u p th e r o ad s a gain . A s a c o nse q uence, tr a ffic j a m w ill e v entu ally
re cur. M ore o ver, e nla rg in g o r c o nstr u cti n g n ew r o ad s r e q uir e s n ew l a nd , w hic h i s
in here ntl y a l im ite d r e so urc e i n c ro w ded c iti e s.
On th e o th er h and , d ev elo pin g p ub lic tr a nsp ort s y ste m s a s tr a in o r s u b w ay l in es
ensu re s l o ng-te rm b enefits . I t h as b een p ro ven th at u sin g p ub lic tr a nsp ort b rin gs
ab out m any a d vanta ges f o r th e c o m muniti e s. F or i n sta nce, p ub lic tr a nsp ort
pro vid es a n a ffo rd ab le a nd ti m e-s a v in g a lte rn ati v e to d riv in g a nd h elp s to r e d uce
gaso lin e c o nsu m pti o n a s w ell a s c arb on e m is sio n. F or s u ch o uts ta nd in g b enefits ,
peo ple w ill c erta in ly b e w illin g to a d ap t to th is k in d o f tr a nsp orta ti o n p ro vid ed
th at g o vern m ents c an o ffe r a r e lia b le a nd e ffic ie nt s e rv ic e to m eet th eir d em and .
Additi o nally , o w in g to th e h uge c ap acity o f p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n, w hic h c an c arry
up to h und re d s o r e v en th o usa nd s o f p asse ngers , a tr a in o r a s u b w ay i n o pera ti o n
would m ean h und re d s o r th o usa nd s o f c ars b ein g ta ken o ff r o ad s. A s a r e su lt,
tr a ffic c o ngesti o n w ould b e s ig nific antl y r e d uced .
In c o nclu sio n, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at i n v esti n g i n p ub lic tr a nsp ort i s th e b est
meth o d to m iti g ate tr a ffic j a m s.
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SA M PL E 4 6
Now adays, m ore a nd m ore p eople t o h ave c h ild re n la te r in t h eir lif e . W hat
are t h e r e aso ns? D o a dvanta ges o f t h is o utw eig h d is a dvanta ges?
It i s tr u e th at a fte r m arry in g, m uch m ore c o up le s h av e a te nd ency o f d ela yin g
giv in g b ir th u nti l l a te r i n th eir l ife . T his tr e nd m ay b e th e r e su lt o f s o m e n o ta b le
re aso ns. I n a d diti o n, w hile I a ccep t th at th ere a re s e v era l d ra w backs, I th in k th ese
are o utw eig hed b y th e b enefits .
There a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy y o ung p eo ple w ant to d ela y/p ostp one c hild bir th .
Fir s tl y , h av in g b ab ie s l a te r g iv e th e y o ung c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to e njo y th eir
liv es. I t i s c le ar th at th ey c o uld h av e m ore ti m e to s te p o ut o f th eir c o m fo rt z o nes
to d is c o ver i n te re sti n g th in gs s u ch a s ta kin g u p s p orts , s w itc hin g b etw een d iffe re nt
jo bs to f in d th e o ne w hic h m ay b e r ig ht f o r th em . A s a r e su lt, th ey a re m ore l ik ely
to n o t o nly h av e d iv ers e e xp erie nces o f l ife b ut p ro gre ss r a p id ly i n th eir c are er.
Ano th er f a cto r th at c ause s p eo ple to b e u nw illin g to h av e b ab ie s i s th eir
em plo ym ent s ta tu s. I n f a ct, th e j o b m ark et i s b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore
co m peti ti v e, l e ad in g to th e h ig her u nem plo ym ent r a te . C onse q uentl y , th ey n eed to
co ncentr a te o n th eir w ork to m ain ta in th eir p ositi o n i n th e c o m pany, w hic h m eans
th e n egle ct o f p are nta l r o le .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e d ra w backs o f th is tr e nd . T he f ir s t d is a d vanta ge i s
th e r is k s o f s u ffe rin g f r o m p ote nti a l h ealth p ro ble m s o r e v en d eath , e sp ecia lly w ith
th o se w ho a re p re gnant a fte r 3 5 y ears o f a ge. F urth erm ore , h av in g b ab ie s l a te r h as
negati v e i m pacts o n th eir f u tu re o ffs p rin g, r e su lti n g i n A sp erg er o f b ab ie s. O n th e
oth er h and , I b elie v e th at th ere a re g re at a d vanta ges to b e g ain ed . T hey c o uld
av oid b ein g o verb urd ened w ith l o okin g a fte r th eir o ffs p rin g d urin g th e h ecti c
ti m e/s c hed ule to p re p are f o r th eir p ro fe ssio nal c are er. M ore o ver, th ey w ould h av e
th e c hance to e njo y th em se lv es w ith th eir p assio ns s u ch a s l e arn in g h o w to p la y
music al i n str u m ents o r d oin g w hate v er th ey w ant b efo re e m bark in g o n p are nth o od.
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy y o ung p eo ple w ant to d ela y
child bir th . I w ould a rg ue th at th e b enefits o f th is tr e nd h av e m ore th an
co m pensa te d f o r th e d ra w backs.
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64

SA M PL E 4 7
In cre asin g t h e p ric e o f p etr o l is t h e b est w ay t o s o lv e g ro w in g t r a ffic a nd
pollu tio n p ro ble m s. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e? W hat o th er
measu re s d o y ou t h in k m ig ht b e e ffe ctiv e?
It i s c o ntr o vers ia l w heth er a r is e i n p etr o l p ric e c an e ffic ie ntl y m iti g ate tr a ffic
co ngesti o n a nd p ollu ti o n. H ow ev er/P ers o nally , I to ta lly d is a gre e w ith th is
opin io n.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re m any p ossib le s o lu ti o ns th at th e a uth o riti e s c an ta ke to
re d uce th e tr a ffic j a m a nd p ollu ti o n. F ir s t, th ere a re m ore a nd m ore s u sta in ab le
energ y s o urc es s u ch a s s o la r p ow er, w in d p ow er, a nd h yd ro pow er th at c an b e
uti liz e d to r u n v ehic le s a nd f a cto ry , a nd a s a r e su lt, th e e m is sio n o f g re enho use
gase s o r o th er h arm fu l g ase s l ik e c arb on m ono xid e a nd C FC w ill b e r e d uced . F or
exam ple , th ere a re m any c o untr ie s u sin g s o la r p anels to r u n p ub lic v ehic le s o r to
pro duce e le ctr ic ity f o r h o use ho ld u sa ges. T his n o t o nly s a v es m oney o n th e
ele ctr ic ity b ill, b ut a ls o e nco ura ges p eo ple to tr a v el a ro und w ith e co -fr ie nd ly a nd
cheap v ehic le s s u ch a s tr a in o r b us.
On th e o th er h and , i n th e s h o rt te rm , r is in g p etr o l p ric e c an b rin g s o m e i m med ia te
benefits . B ecause o f th e i n cre ase i n th e c o st, c o nsu m ers w ill h av e to c urb th e
am ount o f g aso lin e th at th ey u se , r e su lti n g i n a d eclin e i n p riv ate v ehic le u sa ges.
But i n th e l o ng r u n, th is p olic y m ay b e i m pra cti c al. I n th is e ra , p etr o l i s s ti ll th e
most v alu ab le f u el th at i s u se d i n a l o t o f a sp ects . T here fo re , d esp ite th e r is e i n th e
co st, p etr o l r e m ain s i n d is p ensa b le , w hic h m akes p eo ple m ain ta in th eir
dep end ence o n th is f u el. I n V ie tn am , a lth o ugh th e a uth o riti e s h av e a p plie d th is
polic y f o r m any ti m es, th ere w as n o f a ll i n th e n um ber o f p eo ple w ho u se d p etr o l.
Due to th e f a ct th at I h av e m enti o ned a b ove, I c o m ple te ly d is a gre e w ith th e
opin io n th at i n cre asin g th e p ric e o f th e p etr o l i s th e b est w ay o f a ll.
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Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
Over 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 2 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
66

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
67

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1
SA M PL E 4 2
SA M PL E 4 3
SA M PL E 4 4
SA M PL E 4 5
SA M PL E 4 6
SA M PL E 4 7
68

SA M PL E 4 8

69

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 2 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
45 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
70

SA M PL E 1
Wild a nim als h ave n o p la ce in t h e 2 1st c e ntu ry , s o p ro te ctin g t h em is a w aste
of r e so urc e s. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
There i s a n o pin io n s a yin g th at p ro te cti n g w ild a nim als i s a w aste o f ti m e a nd
effo rts s in ce th ey a re n o t n ecessa ry a nym ore i n th e 2 1st c entu ry . P ers o nally , I
dis a gre e w ith th is s ta te m ent f o r r e aso ns o utl in ed b elo w .
It i s n o nse nse to s a y w ild a nim als h av e n o p art i n th e 2 1st c entu ry s in ce th ey
alw ays p la y a n i m porta nt r o le i n th e e nv ir o nm ent. W heth er i n th e S to ne A ge,
med ie v al a ge o r m odern a ge, a nim als , a nd p la nts h av e b een l iv in g to geth er a nd
fo rm in g a b ala nce i n l ife th at n o h um ans c an m ake. P la nts g iv e o ff o xygen a nd
fo ods, w hile a nim als h elp p la nts g ro w a nd m ulti p ly . I f w e d on’t p ro te ct w ild
anim als w ell, m ost o f th em w ill g o e xti n ct d ue to o verh unti n g, w hic h w ill b re ak
th e b ala nce o f n atu re a nd l e ad to m any a d vers e c o nse q uences o f d efo re sta ti o n,
hurric ane, a nd o th er te rrib le d is a ste rs .
It ta kes r e so urc es to p ro te ct w ild a nim als , b ut th eir e xis te nce w ill b rin g o th er
benefits to th e n ati o ns th at p re se rv e/c o nse rv e th em . W ild life , z o os a nd
pre se rv ati o n/c o nse rv ati o n a re as th at a llo w to uris ts to v is it w ould g enera te a l a rg e
am ount o f i n co m e e ach y ear to th e c o untr ie s i n c harg e w hile th ey c an e v en ta ke
prid e i n th em se lv es f o r h av in g s o m e o f th e r a re st w ild a nim als i n th e w orld , n o t to
menti o n th e e nv ir o nm ent p ro te cti o n a lo ng w ith i t. I n a d diti o n, m ost o f th e c o st f o r
pro te cti n g th e w ild a nim als i s c o vere d b y v ario us i n te rn ati o nal f u nd s a ll o ver th e
world , s o h av in g r a re s p ecie s i s m ore o f a b le ssin g th an a b urd en to a c o untr y .
In c o nclu sio n, w ild a nim als d ese rv e to l iv e f r e ely u nd er p ro te cti o n o f h um ans d ue
to th e s ig nific ance/im porta nce o f th eir e xis te nce a nd th e b enefits th ey a re b rin gin g.
We s h o uld d o e v ery th in g w e c an to p ro te ct th em f o r th e s a ke o f o urs e lv es a nd o ur
fu tu re g enera ti o ns.
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SA M PL E 2
Many p eople g o t o u niv ersit y f o r a ca dem ic s tu dy. M ore p eople s h ould b e
enco ura ged t o d o v oca tio nal t r a in in g b eca use t h ere is a la ck o f q ualif ie d
work ers s u ch a s e le ctr ic ia ns a nd p lu m bers. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e?
Now ad ays, a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple s tu d y a cad em ic s u b je cts a t u niv ers ity i n ste ad
of a tte nd in g/ta kin g p art i n /p arta kin g i n v ocati o nal tr a in in g c o urs e s. W hile I a ccep t
th at a u niv ers ity d egre e i s a ls o e sse nti a l a nd b enefic ia l, I to ta lly a gre e th at w e
sh o uld e nco ura ge p eo ple to b eco m e q ualifie d w ork ers s u ch a s e le ctr ic ia ns o r
plu m bers
There a re tw o i m porta nt r e aso ns w hy m ore v ocati o nally -tr a in ed w ork ers a re
re q uir e d . F ir s tl y , w hen b uild in gs a re c o nstr u cte d o r r e p air e d , a s o urc e o f
ele ctr ic ia ns, p lu m bers o r o th er tr a d es a re v ita l. F or e xam ple , m ate ria l f a ciliti e s i n
so m e k ey f ie ld s s u ch a s h o sp ita ls , s c ho ols , m use um s u su ally n eed to b e e xp and ed
or m ain ta in ed . H av in g tr a in ed w ork ers o pera te s u ch/th o se k in d s o f w ork c an n o t
only e nsu re th e s a fe ty o f th e b uild in gs b ut a ls o l e ad to a n i m pro vem ent i n th e
quality o f l ife o f th e w ho le c o m munity . S eco nd ly , th ere a re to o m any a cad em ic
gra d uate s i n th e s a m e m ajo r i n s o m e c o untr ie s e v ery y ear. C onse q uentl y , th e
pro porti o n o f g ra d uate u nem plo ym ent i s i n cre asin g s ig nific antl y e ach y ear a s w ell.
There fo re , th e a uth o riti e s i n th o se c o untr ie s n eed to e nsu re th at e xtr a v ocati o nal
tr a in in g i s p ro vid ed .
More p eo ple s h o uld b e e nco ura ged to a tte nd c are er-o rie nte d c o urs e s/o n-th e-jo b
tr a in in g to m eet s o cie ty ’s n eed s. T he s c ho ols s h o uld n o t j u st f o cus o n e xam -d riv en
curric ulu m w hic h i s f o und to b e q uite i m pra cti c al a nd d is h earte ns/d em oti v ate s
stu d ents w hen th ey h av e l o w g ra d es. S cho ols , th ere fo re , m ust m ake c hanges i n th e
curric ulu m a nd p ro vid e w ork sh o ps to te ach p ra cti c al s k ills . P are nts s h o uld a ls o
enco ura ge th eir c hild re n to f in d o ut th eir g ifts a nd e xp la in th e g o od j o b p ro sp ects
to i n sp ir e th em to c ho ose v ocati o nal c arrie rs .
In c o nclu sio n, I a gre e th at i t i s e sse nti a l th at w e e nco ura ge m ore p eo ple to a tte nd
vocati o nal tr a in in g d ue to th e f a ct th at th e m ore q ualifie d w ork ers m eet th e
so cie ty ’s n eed s, th e m ore o ur s o cie ty c an f u ncti o n e ffe cti v ely .
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SA M PL E 3
Should g overn m ent s p end m ore m oney o n im pro vin g r o ads a nd h ig hw ays, o r
sh ould t h e g overn m ent s p end m ore m oney o n im pro vin g p ublic
tr a nsp orta tio n?
There i s a n a rg um ent a b out w heth er th e g o vern m ent s h o uld i m pro ve tr a nsp orta ti o n
by s p end in g m ore m oney c o nstr u cti n g th e r o ad a nd h ig hw ay s y ste m o r m oney
sh o uld b e u se d to e nhance th e q uality o f p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n. F ro m m y
pers p ecti v e, a lth o ugh b oth ( o f th ese ) m eth o ds h av e m any p ositi v e i m pacts o n
tr a ffic , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p rio riti z e th e m ain te nance o f r o ad n etw ork .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at th e i n v estm ent i n p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n h as
many e co no m ic , e nv ir o nm enta l a nd s o cia l a d vanta ges. F ir s t o f a ll, tr a v ellin g b y
means o f p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n s u ch a s b us o r s u b w ay i s a w ay to s a v e m oney a nd
energ y b ecause o f th e e co no m ic al ti c ket p ric e a nd l e ss f u el e nerg y u se d .
More o ver, th e w id esp re ad u se o f p ub lic tr a nsit s e rv ic e h elp s a lle v ia te ( th e) tr a ffic
ja m a nd a ir p ollu ti o n d ue to th e d ecre ase i n p riv ate v ehic le s a nd g as e m is sio n.
Fin ally , a h ig h s ta nd ard o f p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n w ill e nco ura ge p eo ple to u se s u ch
kin d o f tr a nsp ort m ore o fte n. T his w ill l e ad to s o m e s o cia l b enefits s u ch a s th e
re d ucti o n o f tr a ffic c ra sh es o r th e c o nnecti o n o f c o m munity .
On th e o th er h and , i t i s p erh ap s m ore i m porta nt to u p gra d e th e e xis ti n g r o ad
co nd iti o ns. O ne o f th e m ain r e aso ns i s th at tr a ffic c o ngesti o n c o uld b e s o lv ed i f a
nati o n p osse sse d h ig h-q uality r o ad s a nd h ig hw ays b ecause th is m akes th e
movem ent o f v ehic le s m ore f lu entl y . A no th er r e aso n i s th at k eep in g r o ad s y ste m to
a g o od s ta nd ard a ls o m eans i m pro vin g r o ad s a fe ty b y b rin gin g th e n um ber o f
tr a ffic a ccid ents d ow n. L ast b ut n o t l e ast, a d ev elo ped tr a nsp ort i n fr a str u ctu re w ill
fa cilita te th e g ro w th o f o th er e co no m ic s e cto rs . T o b e s p ecific , th e tr a nsp ort o f
co m moditi e s b etw een r u ra l a nd u rb an a re as c an b eco m e m ore e ffic ie nt a nd
opti m al o w in g to th e i m pro ved r o ad n etw ork .
In c o nclu sio n, I c an u nd ers ta nd w hy p eo ple e nco ura ge th eir g o vern m ent to i n v est
heav ily i n p ub lic tr a nsit s y ste m , b ut i t s e em s to m e th at b uild in g n ati o nal r o ad
netw ork to a h ig h s ta nd ard s h o uld b e i n v este d h eav ily b ecause th is i s a k ey
in fr a str u ctu re i n flu encin g th e s u sta in ab le d ev elo pm ent o f a n ati o n.
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SA M PL E 4
As w ell a s m ak in g m oney, b usin esse s a ls o h ave s o cia l r e sp onsib ilit ie s. D o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e?
In th e a ge o f i n d ustr ia liz a ti o n, m akin g th e g re ate st p ossib le p ro fit i s s u p pose d to
be th e m ain p urp ose o f a ny b usin ess. W hile th is m ay b e tr u e to s o m e e xte nt, I
belie v e th e r e sp onsib iliti e s o f b usin esse s s h o uld i n clu d e m akin g m oney a nd
makin g c o ntr ib uti o ns to th e c o m munity . T his c an h elp n o t o nly th e b usin esse s to
gro w b ut a ls o th e w ho le c o untr y to d ev elo p.
It g o es w ith o ut s a yin g th at e arn in g p ro fits i s th e u lti m ate a im o f e v ery c o m pany.
The f ir s t r e aso n to b e m enti o ned i s b usin esse s p ay ta xes f o r th e g o vern m ent. W ith
th at m oney, th e g o vern m ent c an b uild i n fr a str u ctu re s s u ch a s h o sp ita ls , s c ho ols ,
and p ark s to ta ke c are o f c iti z e n’s m enta l a nd p hysic al w ellb ein g, w hic h c an
in cre ase th e s ta nd ard o f l iv in g o f a c erta in c o untr y . M ore o ver, a lo ngsid e th e
dev elo pm ent o f b usin esse s, m ore j o bs a re c re ate d . A p ro fita b le c o m pany w ill
co nsid er e xp and in g th eir b usin ess b y b uild in g u p o th er b ra nches o r i n v esti n g
overs e as. T he n ecessity f o r l a rg er n um bers o f e m plo yees i s p ro m in ent, w hic h c an
so lv e th e u nem plo ym ent p ro ble m .
On th e o th er h and , s o cia l r e sp onsib iliti e s s h o uld a ls o b e s e en a s a l o ng r u n
str a te gy o f b usin esse s. F ir s tl y , b usin esse s c anno t e arn p ro fits w ith o ut
co nsid era ti o n a b out th e i m pacts o f th eir o pera ti o ns o n th e p eo ple a nd th e n atu ra l
su rro und in gs. C om panie s h av e r e sp onsib iliti e s to p ro te ct m oth er n atu re w ho
pro vid es th em w ith v ario us m ate ria ls a s w ell a s th e u se rs w ho c o nsu m e a lm ost a ll
of th eir p ro ducts . S tr e ngth enin g th e m utu al b elie fs i s a w is e s tr a te gy. I n a d diti o n,
big s u ccessfu l c o rp ora ti o ns c an c o ntr ib ute to th e q uality o f l ife o f th e s o cie ty
th ro ugh c harity a nd f in ancia l s c ho la rs h ip s. T his i s a n i n v estm ent f o r th e f u tu re o f
th o se c o m panie s. F or e xam ple , U nile v er o fte n o rg aniz e s c o nte sts w ith a b ig a w ard
to s u p port p ro m is in g y o ung g enera ti o ns. B y d oin g s o , i t g ain s a l o t o f a tte nti o n
fr o m th e s o cie ty , e sp ecia lly th e u nv eile d ta le nte d a cto rs w ho c an b eco m e th eir
effic ie nt e m plo yees o ne d ay.
In c o nclu sio n, d ev elo pm ent o f i n d ustr y n o w ad ays g iv es b usin esse s v ario us
opportu niti e s to e arn h ig h p ro fit. T hese b usin esse s, h o w ev er, n eed to ta ke th ese
ad vanta ges n o t o nly to b ols te r th e o pera ti o ns b ut a ls o to i m pro ve th e q uality o f l ife
of th e c o m munity .
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SA M PL E 5
Som e p eople s a y t h at t h e b est w ay t o im pro ve p ublic h ealt h is b y in cre asin g
th e n um ber o f s p orts f a cilit ie s. O th ers, h ow ever, s a y t h at t h is w ould b e lit tle
effe cts o n p ublic h ealt h a nd t h at o th er m easu re s a re r e quir e d.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
While s o m e p eo ple b elie v e th at b uild in g m ore s p orts f a ciliti e s i s th e m ost
effe cti v e a p pro ach to i m pro ve r e sid ents ’ h ealth , o th ers a rg ue th at th is h as n o t m any
positi v e e ffe cts o n p ub lic h ealth a nd th ey r e q uir e o th er m easu re s. P ers o nally , i t
se em s to m e th at c iti z e ns c o uld g ain u nd enia b le a d vanta ges f r o m e xerc is in g a t
pub lic s p orts p la ces b ut o th er m easu re s a ls o p la y a n i n te gra l r o le i n p ub lic h ealth
im pro vem ent.
On th e o ne h and , b ecause p re v enti o n i s b ette r th an c ure , c o nstr u cti n g s p orts
fa ciliti e s a t p ub lic p la ces i s a u se fu l w ay to p re v ent c iti z e ns f r o m d is e ase s. T his
makes n o t o nly p hysic al b ut a ls o m enta l h ealth b ette r s in ce th o se p la ces a ttr a ct
many p eo ple c o m e a nd tr a in to geth er. S ports f a ciliti e s, e sp ecia lly l o cate d i n
pub lic s p aces w ill i n sp ir e r e sid ents , e v en c hild re n a nd th e e ld erly to e xerc is e .
Besid es e xerc is in g p hysic ally to geth er, c iti z e ns m ay s h are c o m mon th in gs i n th eir
life s u ch a s m utu al i n te re sts w hic h b rin g th em c lo se r a nd r e co ver th eir s p ir it a fte r
lo ng w ork in g d ays. F or e xam ple , a fte r w itn essin g a n u p w ard tr e nd i n th e n um ber
of p eo ple p arti c ip ati n g s p orts g am es a t p ub lic s p aces, T haila nd r e co rd ed a
sig nific ant r e d ucti o n i n th e n um ber o f p ati e nts i n h o sp ita ls to b e tr e ate d b y
psy cho lo gic al th era p y.
On th e o th er h and , h ealth care s y ste m a nd e d ucati o nal m eth o ds a re m akin g
outs ta nd in g c o ntr ib uti o ns to p ro te cti n g p ub lic h ealth . F ir s tl y , m odern h o sp ita l
fa ciliti e s w hic h g o vern m ent i s ta kin g i n to a cco unt e nsu re p ati e nts ’ p eace o f m in d
to b e c ure d i n c ase o f s u ffe rin g d is e ase s. I n a d diti o n, p erio dic h ealth c hecks
org aniz e d b y p ub lic h o sp ita ls h elp p eo ple d ia gno se p ote nti a l r is k s o f d is e ase s a nd
fin d h elp fu l tr e atm ents i n a n e arly m anner. L astl y , e d ucati o nal m eth o ds r a is e
re sid ent’ s a w are ness i n p ro cess o f d is e ase p re v enti o n a nd h ealth p ro m oti o n w hic h
enab le p eo ple to i n cre ase c o ntr o l o ver th eir h ealth . T here fo re , p ub lic h ealth i s
pro te cte d a cti v ely b y r e sid ents ’ m ed ic al k no w le d ge.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile s p orts f a ciliti e s c erta in ly i m pro ve p ub lic h ealth , I d o b elie v e
th at o th er m easu re s n eed to b e i n v este d i n o rd er to b rin g m ore m ed ic ally m enta l
and p hysic al b enefits to r e sid ents .
75

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76

SA M PL E 6
Many p eople c la im in g t h at h oppin g f r o m o ne w ork pla ce t o a noth er is m ore
benefic ia l t h an s ta yin g in o ne j o b f o r a v ery lo ng t im e. D o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e?
It i s tr u e th at p eo ple w ho f in d a j o b e arly i n th eir w ork in g a ge a nd k eep d oin g i t
co nsis te ntl y a re m ore l ik ely to h av e/a cq uir e /liv e i n a s u ccessfu l w ork in g l ife .
While I a ccep t th at th is m ay s u it m any p eo ple , I b elie v e th at s w itc hin g j o bs f r o m
one to a no th er e v entu ally w ill l e ad to a f u lfillin g l ife .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy j o b s e ekers s h o uld m ake th eir
cho ic e o f p ro fe ssio n e arly i n th eir l iv es. F ir s tl y , b y d oin g s o , th ey w ill n o t w aste
th eir ti m e o n c o nfu sin g w hat j o b s h o uld th ey ta ke o r s ta rt a ll o ver a gain i n a n ew
work in g e nv ir o nm ent. A s a r e su lt, th ey w ill l ik ely e nhance e m plo ym ent p ro sp ects
to b e p ro m ote d h ig her p ositi o ns i n th eir c are er l a d der w ith h ig her s a la ry
packages, c o m pare d w ith th eir c o lle agues w ho a re a t th e s a m e a ge b ut l a ck
co nsis te ncy i n th eir c ho ic e. S eco nd ly , i f y o u l u ckily s e cure a j o b th at g iv es y o u th e
se nse o f s a ti s fa cti o n r ig ht a t th e f ir s t tr y , th en i t i s r e aso nab le to s p end th e r e st o f
yo ur l ife to p urs u e th at c are er. F or e xam ple , m any d octo rs w ho u nd erto ok y ears o f
tr a in in g a nd g ain in g m any r e la te d q ualific ati o ns w hen th ey s tu d ie d a t u niv ers ity
ofte n g et a v ery h ig h s a la ry w ith g enero us p erk s a nd f e el s o r e w ard ed th at th ey
don’t w ant to l o se th eir j o bs.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s a ccep ta b le f o r s o m e p eo ple to c hange th eir d ecis io n o f
pro fe ssio n o ver ti m e. T o b e m ore s p ecific , n ew ly g ra d uate d s tu d ents w ho o fte n
fa ce p sy cho so cia l c ris is b ase d o n th eir p ers o nal i d enti ty a nd r o le c o nfu sio n h av e
to tr y m any j o bs b efo re f in ally h av e a d efin ed c are er p ath . T hat i s b ecause a s y o u
exp erie nce a r a nge o f j o bs, y o u w ill g ra d ually r e aliz e y o ur a d vanta ges a s w ell a s
yo ur p assio n o n w hic h b asis y o u w ill h av e a w is e c ho ic e f o r y o ur c are er.
Furth erm ore , th ere a re v ario us f a cto rs th at c an c hange p eo ple ’s d ecis io n a b out a
jo b, s u ch a s w ork in g c o nd iti o ns, th e a tm osp here i n a w ork p la ce o r e m plo ym ent
pro sp ects .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at h av in g a d efin ed c are er p ath e arly i n y o ur
life w ill l e ad to s u ccess, b ut th is i s b y n o m eans th at p eo ple s h o uld n o t c hange
th eir j o b i f th ey a re n o t s a ti s fie d w ith th e c o m pany o r th eir r o le o f th em se lv es.
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SA M PL E 7
The c o nsu m ptio n o f t h e w orld 's r e so urc e s ( o il, a nd w ate r e tc .) is in cre asin g a t
a d angero us r a te . W hat a re c a use s a nd s o lu tio ns?
Over th e p ast d ecad es, th e w orld h as s e en a n a la rm in g i n cre ase i n te rm s o f
co nsu m pti o n o f n atu ra l r e so urc es s u ch a s c o al, o il, a nd w ate r. T here a re a v arie ty
of f o rc es th at d riv e th is tr e nd a nd s e v era l s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e a d opte d to s o lv e th e
th o rn y i s su es w hic h h av e a ris e n.
Excessiv e c o nsu m pti o n o f n atu ra l r e so urc es m ay b e c ause d b y v ario us r e aso ns.
Fir s tl y , th ere i s a c le ar c o nnecti o n b etw een a n um ber o f g lo bal r e so urc es
co nsu m ed a nd th e g re at b oom o f i n d ustr y a ll a ro und th e w orld . I n f a ct, i n o rd er to
ensu re th e o pera ti o n o f m illio ns o f m achin e p la yin g a v ita l r o le i n m ost o f th e
in d ustr ia l s e cti o ns, i n d ustr ia l s ite s, a nd h uge r e so urc es s u ch a s w ate r, e le ctr ic ity ,
and o il a re r e q uir e d w hic h l e ad s to o vere xp lo ita ti o n i n th ese s o urc es. S eco nd ly ,
sin ce w e h av e b een l iv in g i n th e a ge o f te chno lo gy, w e te nd to b e r e lia nt o n m any
te chno lo gy g ad gets r e la te d to e nerg y i n a lm ost e v ery a sp ect o f l ife , i n clu d in g
work in g, l e arn in g a nd e nte rta in in g. B esid es, h um an b ein gs h av e b een w asti n g
natu ra l r e so urc es w hen w e u se th em o ver o ur d em and s o r f o r i n ad eq uate o nes
whic h l e ad to o ut o f th e r e so urc e i n th e f u tu re .
To ta ckle th is ta xin g i s su e, th ere a re v ario us e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o ns th at s h o uld b e
ta ken i n to a cco unt. F ir s t, b y c arry in g o ut s e le cti v e i n d ustr ia l d ev elo pm ent p la nts ,
th e g o vern m ents c an l im it th e n um ber o f f a cto rie s a nd i n d ustr ia l s ite s a t a
re aso nab le l e v el. T his m eans th at w e c an s a v e n o t o nly e nerg y b ut a ls o m oney a nd
hum an r e so urc es to r e se arc h a nd u se o th er r e so urc es s u ch a s e le ctr ic ity f r o m th e
win d , s o la r p ow er a nd r e new ab le e nerg y m ore w id ely . S eco nd , i n o rd er to r a is e
th e p ub lic a w are ness o n u sin g th ese r e so urc es, th e a uth o riti e s s h o uld c o nd uct a
varie ty o f m assiv e c am paig ns to o ffe r v alu ab le i n fo rm ati o n a b out th is i s su e. F or
exam ple , u sin g th e b ic ycle a s a m eans o f tr a nsp orta ti o n a llo w s c iti z e ns n o t o nly to
re d uce th eir r e lia nce o n f o ssil f u els b ut a ls o to s tr e ngth en th eir p hysic al h ealth a nd
menta l s ta te .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c le ar th at th ere a re v ario us r e aso ns f o r th is tr e nd , h o w ev er,
ste p s n eed to b e ta ken to ta ckle th is i s su e.
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SA M PL E 8
Advertis e m ents a re b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore c o m mon in e very day lif e .
Is it a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
In l ig ht o f f ie rc e c o m peti ti o ns b etw een a r is in g n um ber o f f ir m s, c o nsu m ers a re
no w b ein g b om bard ed w ith to ns o f a d verti s e m ents . I n th is e ssa y, I w ill
dem onstr a te th at a d verti s e m ents m ay tr ig ger i m puls e b uyin g b efo re s u ggesti n g
so m e v ia b le s o lu ti o ns th at g o vern m ents c an a d opt to a lle v ia te th e a d vers e i m pacts .
The f o re m ost w ay c o m panie s c ho ose to p ro m ote th eir p ro ducts i s a ttr a cti n g
peo ple 's a tte nti o n b y v is u al a rts . T he e xaggera ti o n o f a p ro duct's f e atu re s u sin g
eye-c atc hin g g ra p hic s i n c o m merc ia ls m ay s w ay p eo ple to p urc hase i te m s w hen
th ey h av e n o r e al n eed f o r i t. T his i s r e in fo rc ed b y th e a p peara nce o f c ele b rity
end ors e m ents , w hic h m ay g re atl y i n flu ence th eir f a ns w ho te nd to i m ita te th eir
id ols . O PPO , a m obile c o m pany, p erfe ctl y e xem plifie s th is s itu ati o n. M any
yo ungste rs i n J a p an b uy O PPO p ho nes b ecause th eir p ro m oti o n c am paig n f e atu re s
a p ro m in ent p op s in ger. A fte rw ard , th ey o fte n h av e to r e p la ce th eir p ho nes u p on
dis c o verin g th at th e p ro ducts d o n o t m eet th eir n eed s.
In o rd er to h elp c o nsu m ers m ake m ore i n fo rm ed p urc hasin g d ecis io ns, s ta te s c o uld
ta ke th e f o llo w in g m easu re s. F ir s t a nd f o re m ost, th ey m ust r e gula te th e c o nte nt o f
ad verti s e m ents . P rio r to th e p ub lis h in g o f a n a d verti s e m ent, a r ig o ro us c heck m ust
be c o nd ucte d to e nsu re i t r e fle cts th e a ctu al q uality o f th e p ro duct. T his m easu re
ought to b e i m ple m ente d i n ta nd em w ith e d ucati n g c o nsu m ers o n h o w to f ilte r th e
in fo rm ati o n th ey w atc h o n m ed ia m ass. T hey h av e to c o nsid er w heth er th e
co m merc ia l i s a ccura te o r n o t, th en m ake m ore s e nsib le /r e aso nab le d ecis io ns. T he
co m bin ati o n o f th ese tw o m eth o ds m ay s a fe guard c o nsu m ers a gain st th e
afo re m enti o ned d etr im enta l e ffe cts .
In c o nclu sio n, a d verti s e m ents m ay l u re c o nsu m ers i n to p urc hasin g u nnecessa ry
ite m s a nd th ere fo re g o vern m ents s h o uld ta ke i m med ia te s te p s to w eaken/m in im is e
th eir i m pacts .
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SA M PL E 9
Scie ntis ts s a y t h at in t h e f u tu re h um anit y w ill s p eak t h e s a m e la nguage.
Do y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e s o cia l d evelo pm ent?
Som e r e se arc hers a ssu m e th at h um ans w ill j o in tl y c o m munic ate b y s o le ly o ne
la nguage a ro und th e w orld i n th e f u tu re . W hile I a ckno w le d ge th at th is p ositi v ely
affe cts o n o ur s o cie ty , I w ould a rg ue th at th is a ls o b rin gs u s c o ns.
On th e o ne h and , r e gard in g b enefits , i t i s d om in ant f o r h um ans to s p eak o ffic ia l
te rm in o lo gy i n s e v era l d is c ip lin es s u ch a s te chno lo gy o r b usin esse s. F or e xam ple ,
Englis h i s a p re v ale nt l a nguage w hic h i s c o nsid ere d to b e th e s e co nd g lo bal
la nguage. T he c o -o pera ti o n a m ong h um ans a s w ell a s i n te rn ati o nal m eeti n gs a re
held i n E nglis h . T here fo re , p eo ple c an u nd ers ta nd w hat th e o th ers a re ta lk in g
ab out a nd q uic kly g ain a ccess to i n fo rm ati o n. F urth erm ore , u sin g a lik e m oth er-
la nd l a nguage e m pow ers u s to w id en o ur p ers p ecti v e o f l ife . F or i n sta nce, i n
re cent y ears , th ere a re a h and fu l o f b ooks a nd m agazin es w ritte n i n E nglis h . I f w e
kno w E nglis h , w e c an o bta in b ro ad er k no w le d ge a b out n o t o nly o th er c o untr ie s’
ed ucati o n b ut a ls o th eir tr a d iti o ns.
On th e o th er h and , I s ti ll b elie v e th at i t a ls o h as n egati v e i m pacts o n o ur s o cie ty . I t
is u nd enia b le th at s p eakin g th e s a m e l a nguage c an d efe nd o ur c o untr ie s f r o m
outs id e i n tr u d ers . H ow ev er, a lm ost a ll c o untr ie s v ir tu ally p osse ss o ur o w n
custo m s a s w ell a s d is ti n cti v e l a nguages b ecause l a nguages a re r e la te d to
his to ric al e v ents . I f p eo ple u se th e s a m e m oth er to ngue, th is c o uld l e ad to
elim in ati o n i n d iffe re nt c ultu re s a m ong n ati o ns a ll o ver th e w orld . F or e xam ple , i f
Chin ese p eo ple u se E nglis h a s a n o ffic ia l l a nguage, a m ajo rity o f h is to ric al
monum ents a re a sso cia te d w ith th e C hin ese l a nguage w ill g ra d ually d is a p pear
fr o m o ur m in d s a nd th e y o ung g enera ti o ns c anno t h av e th o ro ugh i n sig hts i n to n o t
only tr a d iti o nal v alu es a nd i d enti ty o f C hin a b ut a ls o C hin ese l a nguage.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I a gre e th at c o m munic ati n g th e s a m e l a nguage w ill h elp
hum ans e nhance k no w le d ge, b ut th is i s b y n o m eans th at w e c an c o nse rv e o ur
pre cio us h is to ry .
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SA M PL E 1 0
In t h e f u tu re , it s e em s it w ill b e m ore d if fic u lt t o liv e o n t h e e arth . S om e
people t h in k m ore m oney s h ould b e s p ent o n r e se arc h in g o th er p la nets t o liv e,
su ch a s M ars. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Alo ngsid e th e d ev elo pm ent o f i n d ustr ie s, c lim ate c hange m akes th e e arth b eco m e
le ss i d eal to l iv e o n. S om e p eo ple , th ere fo re , s u ggest i n v esti n g m ore i n th e f ie ld o f
astr o no m y to f in d a lte rn ati v e p la nets . T his m ay b e tr u e, b ut I b elie v e th is i s n o t th e
only w ay to s a v e o ur f u tu re .
On th e o ne h and , f in d in g o th er p la nets to l iv e i s a g o od i d ea. F ir s tl y , th ere a re
many l im ite d n atu ra l r e so urc es th at a re o ver-e xp lo ite d n o w ad ays. O nce th ese
re so urc es a re n o l o nger a v aila b le , w e w ill h av e b een l a ckin g i n f o ssil f u el, s u ch
as c harc o al o r p etr o le um . I n d ustr ia l a nd d aily a cti v iti e s a re c o nsid era b ly
dep end ent o n th em , s o i t i s n ecessa ry to s ta rt to f in d n ew p la nets th at h av e th ese
re so urc es to e xp lo it o r e v en l iv e i n . S eco nd ly , s e tti n g a g o al o f s e ttl in g d ow n o n a
new p la net c an f o rc e th e a str o no m y to g ro w f a ste r. B eco m in g l e arn ed i n th e f ie ld ,
th e s c ie nti s ts w ill f ig ure o ut n ew p la ces to l iv e a nd o th er i n no vati o ns, e xp lo it th e
energ y o f th e s ta rs a nd c o m munic ate w ith th e a lie ns to e xchange th e u niv ers a l
kno w le d ge, f o r e xam ple .
On th e o th er h and , th e d is c o very o f n ew p la nets s h o uld n o t b e th e o nly s o lu ti o n f o r
our f u tu re . T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at a lth o ugh w e a re f a cin g th e e nv ir o nm enta l
pro ble m s, d egra d ati o n i s a l o ng-te rm p ro cess. T here fo re , w e s ti ll h av e e no ugh
ti m e i f w e ta ke a cti o ns n o w to r e d uce th e p ollu ti o n o n th e e arth . M ore o ver, th e
co st f o r r e se arc hin g n ew p la nets i s m uch h ig her th an p ro te cti n g a nd r e genera ti n g
th e o ld o ne. S pace s h ifts , r e se arc hin g p ro je cts , a str o nauts tr a in in g f e e w ill
co nsu m e a g re at d eal o f r e v enue f r o m th e g o vern m ent.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s n ecessa ry to r e se arc h f o r n ew p la nets . H ow ev er, th e
re genera ti o n o f th e e arth e nv ir o nm ent i s a ls o a p ro m is in g a nsw er to th e f u tu re
liv in g p la ces q uesti o n.
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81

SA M PL E 1 1
More a nd m ore y oung p eople f r o m w ealt h y c o untr ie s a re s p endin g a s h ort
tim e d oin g u npaid w ork s u ch a s t e ach in g o r b uild in g h ouse s f o r c o m munit ie s in
poore r c o untr ie s.
Why y oung p eople c h oose t o d o s o ? W ho w ill b enefit m ore : y oung p eople o r
th e c o m munit ie s?
Volu nte erin g a t th ir d -w orld c o m muniti e s h as b een a tr e nd a m ong th e y o uth f r o m
th e d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s. T here a re s o m e u nd erly in g r e aso ns f o r th is a nd I b elie v e
th at th e l o cal c o m muniti e s g ain m ore b enefits th an th e v olu nte ers th em se lv es.
Perh ap s e xp erie nce i s th e m ain c o ntr ib uti o n to th is p heno m eno n. P eo ple w ho
volu nte er te nd to s e ek f o r th e v alu ab le s k ills a nd k no w le d ge. I n a d diti o n, th ey c an
get th e o pportu niti e s to f o rm s o m e i n te rp ers o nal r e la ti o nsh ip s, w hic h m ig ht b e a
huge a d vanta ge f o r th eir f u tu re c are er. F urth erm ore , a s a v olu nte er l e ad er, a y o ung
pers o n w ould g ain th e a d eq uacy to e xp re ss o ne’s i d ea a nd c o nnect w ith p eo ple
who h av e th e s a m e p ers p ecti v es to b rin g i t i n to r e ality . F in ally , y o ung v olu nte erin g
can b e a ttr ib uta b le to f u lfillm ent. V olu nte ers s e em to e njo y th e f e elin g th at th ey a re
to s o m e e xte nt m akin g th e c o ntr ib uti o n to h elp p oor p eo ple . B esid es, th e b ond in g
acti v iti e s b rin g a l o t o f f u n a nd c re ate a c o zy a tm osp here b etw een th e w ell-
in te nd ed p arti c ip ati o ns a nd l o cal p eo ple .
Turn in g to th e p ositi v e e ffe cts o n th e h o st c o m muniti e s. F ir s tl y , th e d ev elo pin g
co untr ie s r e ceiv e th e i n te nse a m ount o f h um an r e so urc e to s u p port th e l o cal
pro je cts . F or e xam ple , th ey c an b e d ep lo yed to c o nstr u cti n g h o use a nd s c ho ols f o r
th e p oor p eo ple o r i n r u ra l a re as. F urth erm ore , v olu nte erin g p la ys a p iv ota l r o le i n
th e r e co very e ffo rt i n th e r e sp onse to n atu ra l d is a ste rs s u ch a s ts u nam is , f lo ods,
and d ro ughts . F or i n sta nce, th e 2 004 I n d ia n ts u nam i a nd e arth q uake a ttr a ct a l a rg e
num ber o f v olu nte ers to s u p port th e h o st o rg aniz a ti o ns a nd g o vern m ent. F in ally ,
volu nta ry a cti v iti e s c an r e d uce s te re o ty p es, i n cre ase a p pre cia ti o n o f th e l o cal
cultu re a nd o n th e w orld w id e l e v el, th e e d ucati o n a cti v iti e s a ccele ra te th e
glo baliz a ti o n p ro cess.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th e g ro w in g n um ber o f y o ung v olu nte ers i s a ttr ib uta b le to
th e g re at a d vanta ges th ey w ould g ain f o r th eir l ife , I f ir m ly b elie v e th at th e h o st
co m muniti e s b enefit m ore f r o m th is p heno m eno n.
301 w ord s
82

SA M PL E 1 2
Som e p eople t h in k t h at s c h ools s h ould r e w ard s tu dents w ho s h ow t h e b est
aca dem ic r e su lt s , w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is m ore im porta nt t o r e w ard
stu dents w ho s h ow im pro vem ents . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n
opin io n.
It i s a w id esp re ad p ra cti c e th at p re sti g io us a w ard s s h o uld b e g iv en to b rillia nt
pup ils . W hile s o m e i n d iv id uals s a y th at s tu d ents w ith th e b est s c o re s h o uld
re ceiv e a w ard s, I w ould a rg ue th at i t w ould b e b ette r to e nco ura ge p up ils w ho a re
bette r d ay b y d ay.
On th e o ne h and , r e w ard in g o uts ta nd in g s tu d ents w ould b enefit n o t o nly i n th e
pre se nt b ut a ls o i n th e f u tu re . F ir s tl y , i n th e p re se nt, th is a cti o n w ould f o ste r th e
co m peti ti v e s p ir it o f a ll s tu d ents i n s c ho ol to w in th e a w ard . A fte r th is c utth ro at
co m peti ti o n, e xcelle nt p up ils c o uld m ake th e m ost o f th e a w ard s th ey r e ceiv ed to
purs u e te rti a ry e d ucati o n. M ore o ver, w ith th e ti n y n um ber o f th e b est s tu d ents ,
each s c ho ol c o uld a llo cate th eir r e so urc es to e xp end itu re o n p rio rity th in gs s u ch
as i n fr a str u ctu re o r i m pro ve th e q uality o f te achers . S eco nd ly , i n th e f u tu re , th ese
excelle nt s tu d ents c o uld a chie v e a h uge s u ccess i n th eir c are ers a nd b eco m e th e
sta rs i n th e w orld o f w ork . T hen p erh ap s th ey w ould r e tu rn to s u p port th eir o ld
sc ho ols th ro ugh p hila nth ro pic a cti o ns a s s c ho la rs h ip s f o r n ext g enera ti o ns.
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at i t i s m ore b enefic ia l to s p ur s tu d ents to b e b ette r
by a w ard s. F ir s tl y , i n s h o rt- te rm , a ll s tu d ents w ould e nd eav or to b e r e w ard ed a nd
nev er s it o n th eir l a ure ls , e v en w ith s tu d ents w ho a re h av in g th e b est s c o re i n
sc ho ol. I t w ould m ake a d ra m ati c c hange i n e d ucati o n i n w hic h i n ste ad o f “ th e
best” s tu d ents , th ere a re o nly “ b ette r” p up ils . S eco nd ly , i n l o ng-te rm , th is a cti o n
would e nhance th e g enera l q uality o f th e w ho le w ork fo rc e, w hic h l e ad s to n ati o n’s
su sta in ab le e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent.
This i s n o t n ecessa rily w ro ng b ut i t w ould s o und m ore n atu ra l to m e i f y o ur m ain
arg um ent w ere l o nger th an th e o th er o ne.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at r e w ard in g s tu d ents w ho r e v eal th eir
pro gre ssiv e/c ease le ss a d vancem ent w ould b e b ette r th an s o le ly g iv e a w ard s to
outs ta nd in g s tu d ents .
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SA M PL E 1 3
Consu m ers a re f a ce d w it h in cre asin g n um bers o f a dvertis e m ents f r o m
co m petin g c o m panie s. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou t h in k a re c o nsu m ers in flu ence d
by a dvertis e m ents . W hat m easu re s c a n b e t a k en t o p ro te ct t h em ?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
Now ad ays, w hile th e c o m merc ia l a d verti s in g h as p ro life ra te d i n a v arie ty o f
meth o ds, a s a r e su lt o f f ie rc e c o m peti ti o n i n th e m ark et. I w ould c o nte nt th at
peo ple a re i n und ate d w ith a m assiv e a m ount o f i n fo rm ati o n f r o m d iffe re nt
co m peti to rs . T o p re v ent th is f r o m h ap penin g, I b elie v e th at th e a uth o riti e s m ust
ta ke s o m e d efin ite a cti v iti e s.
The f ir s t p oin t to m ake i s th at c usto m ers a re f a llin g v ic ti m to c o m panie s'
ad verti s in g c am paig ns. T hey o fte n s p end m uch m oney o n p urc hase s w hic h th ey
hav e n o r e al n eed s f o r th em . T his i s p rim arily b ecause a n um ber o f c o m panie s
te nd to e xaggera te th e u se fu ln ess o f a f e w f e atu re s o f th eir p ro ducts . T he c ase o f
Apple ’s i P ho ne 7 P lu s s m artp ho ne, w hic h a ttr a cte d th e p eo ple a ll o ver th e
world ’s a tte nti o n m any d ays a go i s n early i d enti c al to i ts p re d ecesso r, e xcep t f o r
th e n ew d ual- c am era s y ste m a nd a s lig htl y f a ste r p ro cesso r. H ow ev er, to g ain th e
co m peti ti v e a d vanta ge o ver th eir r iv al S am su ng’s G ala xy S 7, A pple ’s a tte m pte d
to a d verti s e th at th e n ew f e atu re s o f th eir s m artp ho nes a re n ecessa ry . M any
custo m ers , a s a r e su lt, w ere p ers u ad ed to m ake th e p urc hase d ecis io n r e gard le ss
of th eir tr u e n eed s.
In o rd er to h elp c o nsu m ers m ake m ore i n fo rm ed p urc hasin g d ecis io ns,- th e
go vern m ents s h o uld a d opt s o m e f o llo w in g s o lu ti o ns. T he d esc rib ed p ro ble m c an
be s o lv ed b y e sta b lis h in g a n a uth o rity h av in g r e sp onsib ility f o r c enso rs h ip a ll n ew
ad verti s e m ents . T he b ow dle riz a ti o n p ro cess m ust b e s tr in gent e no ugh s o th at a ll
th e e xtr a cts th at c o nta in a ny f o rm o f e xaggera ti o n m ust b e ta ken o ut b efo re th ese
are p ub lis h ed . T his e xclu sio n w ould e ffe cti v ely s a fe guard c o nsu m ers a gain st th e
manip ula ti o n o f th e c o m panie s a nd h elp th em a v oid m akin g w aste fu l p urc hase s.
In b rie f, m any b usin esse s u se a d verti s in g to g ain th e e d ge o ver th eir c o m peti ti v e
fa cto rs r a th er th an to f u lfill th eir c usto m ers ' n eed s, w hic h l u ed -lu re s c o nsu m ers to
buy u nnecessa ry th in gs. I n m y m in d , e xerc is in g c enso rs h ip b efo re a ir in g th em
sh o uld b e c arrie d o ut to m iti g ate th is i n flu ence o f a d verti s in g.
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MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
Adverti s in g i s a n e ffe cti v e m easu re i n m odern m ark eti n g to h elp e nte rp ris e s
pro m ptl y c ap tu re | s a le s. H ow ev er, f r o m c o nsu m ers ’ v ie w , i t h as s o m e n egati v e
in flu ences th at r e q uir e m easu re s to p re v ent th o se b ad i m pacts .
Regard in g th e d ra w backs o f a d verti s in g p ro m oti o n, th e f ir s t to m enti o n i s th at
many a d verti s e m ents m ake p eo ple m is le d e asily . A dverti s e m ents a re m eant to
attr a ct e nte rp ris e ’s ta rg et c usto m ers s o th e f u ncti o n a nd q uality o f p ro ducts te nd to
be e xaggera te d . A s a r e su lt, b uyers f a ce th e h ig h p ossib ility o f b uyin g th e g o ods
th at a re n o t o f a ny r e al v alu e to th em . I n a d diti o n, a d verti s in g s o m eti m es
enco ura ges b ad h ab its w hic h a re d etr im enta l to p eo ple ’s h ealth . F or e xam ple , f a st-
fo od a gencie s a lw ays p ut e m phasis o n th e a d vanta geo us s id e o f th eir p ro ducts a nd
ig no re th e i n here nt p eril o f o besity . F urth erm ore , c o m panie s c o nti n uo usly p ush
new p ro ducts i n to th e m ark et to g enera te s a le s. V ia a d verti s in g c am paig ns, th ese
new p ro ducts w ould q uic kly r e p la ce th e o ld o nes a nd th e o ld o nes w ill b e
dis p ose d o f d esp ite th e f a ct th at th ey a re s ti ll i n g o od u se . T his i s a r e currin g c ycle
th at c ause s a w aste o f r e so urc es f o r c usto m ers .
To s a v e th is s itu ati o n, i t i s u rg ent th at g o vern m ents ta ke a cti o n to p ro te ct
co nsu m er’s r ig hts b y i n tr o ducin g c o m pre hensiv e l e gis la ti o n o n th e a d verti s in g
in d ustr y . T ougher s a ncti o ns s h o uld a ls o b e i m pose d o n a ny c o m pany th at v io la te s
th e l a w . T his w ould c erta in ly i n cre ase a gencie s’ a w are ness o f l a unchin g e th ic al
ad verti s e m ents . A dditi o nally , a sso cia ti o ns o f c o nsu m er’s r ig ht p ro te cti o n s h o uld
pla y m ore c ru cia l r o le s i n th is b attl e . T o s a y m ore , i t i s v ita l th at c o nsu m ers
pro te ct th em se lv es. T hey s h o uld l e arn to b eco m e w is e c o nsu m ers b y m akin g
re se arc h a nd a naly zin g th o ro ughly w hat th ey n eed b efo re g iv in g b uyin g d ecis io ns.
To s u m u p , i t i s c erta in th at b ad a d verti s e m ents w ill c o nti n uo usly f ill th e
te le v is io n s c re en, m agazin es, m ailb ox, a nd s o o n. S o, to p re v ent th eir n egati v e
im pacts , th ere i s a n eed f o r b oth g o vern m ent’ s i n te rfe re nce a nd c o nsu m ers ’
wis d om .
306 w ord s
85

SA M PL E 1 4
Som e p eople f e el t h at e nte rta in ers ( e .g . f ilm s s ta rs, p op m usic ia ns o r s p orts
sta rs) a re p aid t o o m uch m oney. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In r e cent y ears , e nte rta in m ent i s m ore s ig nific ant f o r l ife , a nd i t i s a rg ued th at
ente rta in ers s u ch a s f ilm s ta rs , p op m usic ia ns o r s p orts s ta rs a re p aid to o m uch
money. I n m y o pin io n, I a gre e a nd a ls o d is a gre e w ith /p artl y a gre e w ith th is
vie w poin t.
I d o n o t c o ncur w ith th is a ngle b ecause o f- s o m e r e aso ns b elo w . F ir s t o f a ll, f ilm
sta rs , p op m usic ia ns a nd s p orts s ta rs a re o ccup ati o ns, e nte rta in ers g enuin e s p end
th eir ti m e, m oney a nd h ealth to p ra cti c e a nd r a is e th eir a b ility to m ake m any g o ods
and s e rv ic es f o r p ub lic o r a ud ie nces. T here fo re , i t i s s u ita b le f o r th em to r e ceiv e a
lo t o f m oney. S eco nd ly , a rti s ti c ta le nt i s r e ally r a re a nd th ere i s a s m all n um ber o f
peo ple w ho c an c re ate s p ecia l a rt g o ods o r a rt s e rv ic es f o r a ud ie nces. I f y o u h av e
a s p ecia l g o od, y o u a b so lu te ly c an s e ll i t w ith a h ig h p ric e.
These a rg um ents g iv en a b ove c an b e s e en a s o pposite p ers p ecti v e i n e q ual
measu re . T o b egin w ith , s o m e e nte rta in ers w ho se g o ods o r s e rv ic es a re n o t r e ally
go od, b ut th eir s a la rie s w hic h th ey r e ceiv e f r o m th eir a ud ie nces a re v ery h ig h. F or
in sta nce, th ere a re s o m e s in gers w ho se v oic es a re b ad i n V ie tn am r e centl y , b ut
th ey h av e h ad s o m e s c and als a nd p ub lic a re i n te re ste d i n th em , s o th ey h av e p aid a
la rg e a m ount o f m oney to s e e a nd h ear th ese s in gers s in gin g. O n th e o th er h and ,
so m e j o bs s u ch a s - e ngin eers , r e se arc hers - n eed a b und ant ti m e, k no w le d ge a nd
vario us w ork e xp erie nces to d o th ese j o bs, b ut th ey h av e b een p aid m uch f a r l e ss
money th an e nte rta in ers .
In c o nclu sio n, I d o c o ncur a nd a ls o d o d is a gre e w ith th e p ers p ecti v e th at
ente rta in ers a re p aid to o m uch m oney.
274 w ord s
86

SA M PL E 1 5
Succe ss in f o rm al “ pen a nd p aper” e xam in atio ns is o fte n s e en t o b e a s ig n
in te llig ent. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e w it h t h e v ie w t h at f o rm al
exam in atio ns m easu re in te llig ence ?
There i s n o d oub t th at f o rm al e xam in ati o n i s a c o m mon m easu re m ent to e v alu ate
th e c ap acity o f s tu d ents . I n m y p ers p ecti v e, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at n o t o nly f o rm al
exam in ati o n c an m easu re i n te llig ence, b ut a ls o l e arn in g p ro cess i s a b le to a sse ss
accura te ly th e a b ility o f p up il.
At th e o uts e t, I c o ncur w ith th is b elie f th at “ p en a nd p ap er” te sti n g w ill f ig ure o ut
co m pete ncy. D urin g th e w ho le a cad em ic y ear, s tu d ents w ill p ro ve th eir
in te llig ence b y f ly in g c o lo rs i n th e e xam . T o r e ach g o od r e su lts , th ey h av e to l e arn
in d ustr io usly f r o m r e se arc hin g d ocum ents to d oin g s m all te sts w ith th e a im o f
re v ie w in g e v ery c o rn er o f k no w le d ge. T hanks to h ard w ork , th eir p ote nti a lity c an
be ta ken a cco unt p erfe ctl y .
To l o ok a t i t f r o m a d iffe re nt s id e, f o rm al e xam in ati o ns i s i n su ffic ie nt to m easu re
th e c le v ern ess. I t d ep end s o n a ll s tu d yin g p ro cess th at th ey d em onstr a te i n th e
enti r e y ear. I e xp ect to g iv e a s a lie nt i n sta nce; a s tu d ent a lw ays m akes e ffo rts to d o
ev ery te st i n th is ti m e b efo re e xam in ati o n h ap pens. A lm ost te achers a ssu m e th at h e
is p erfe ct a nd p erh ap s th e l a st te sti n g i s n o t a h uge w all f o r h im . H ow ev er,
because o f h ealth o r f a m ily p ro ble m s, h e c anno t o verc o m e th is e xam i n th e b est
way. A t th is ti m e, th ese te achers m ay n o t c riti c iz e th at h e i s a b ad s tu d ent.
There fo re , p ers o nally , to e v alu ate th e p ote nti a lity , l e t u s c o nsid er a ll a sp ects o f
stu d ents .
To p ut i t i n a n uts h ell, th e c o m pete ncy o f s tu d ents i s n o t s im ply b ase d o n th e
outs id e o f “ p en a nd p ap er” te sti n g, th e i n here nt c ap acity a ls o p la ys a n
in d is p ensa b le r o le i n th e e v alu ati o n p ro cess.
260 w ord s
87

SA M PL E 1 6
More h ouse s a re n eeded in m any c o untr ie s t o c o pe w it h in cre asin g
popula tio ns. W ould it b e b ette r t o b uild h ouse s in e xis tin g t o w ns a nd c it ie s, o r
to d evelo p n ew t o w ns in r u ra l a re as?
There i s a d eb ate w heth er w e s h o uld b uild h o use s i n e xis ti n g u rb an a re as o r
cre ate n ew to w ns i n r u ra l r e gio ns. W hile s o m e p eo ple m ay th in k m ore p la ces o f
re sid ence i n c iti e s h av e a f e w a d vanta ges, I b elie v e n ew to w ns i n r u ra l a re as
benefit a n ati o n a s a w ho le .
On th e o ne h and , m ore b uild in gs h av e s o m e n egati v e c o nse q uences o n c iti e s.
More a p artm ent u nits w ould r e d uce th e p ric e p er u nit a nd th e r e nti n g c o st, w hic h
will c erta in ly e nco ura ge g re ate r n um bers o f p eo ple to m ig ra te to c iti e s. I n th is
way, u rb an a re as h av e to c o pe w ith th e g re ate r l e v el o f o verc ro w din g, b oth
co ntr ib uti n g to i n cre asin gly s e rio us tr a ffic c o ngesti o n a nd o verb urd ened p ub lic
se rv ic es s u ch a s h ealth care , e d ucati o n. I n a d diti o n, c o nstr u cti n g n ew b uild in gs
re q uir e s s p ace w hic h i s l ik ely c le are d b y c utti n g d ow n tr e es. T his w ill l e sse n
num bers o f tr e es, w hic h a re v ita l i n a b so rb in g r a in w ate r th at f a lls o n th e g ro w n,
le ad in g to f lo odin g.
On th e o th er h and , th e n ew p ro gre ss i n r u ra l a re as i s p ositi v e. A s n ew to w ns
dev elo p, m ore c o m panie s a re o pened a nd th e i n fr a str u ctu re s a re c o nstr u cte d i n
ru ra l a re as. T his c re ate s g re ate r e m plo ym ent o pportu niti e s, w hic h r e d uces
num bers o f p eo ple m ig ra te to c iti e s f o r e co no m ic p urp ose , a nd e v entu ally l e sse ns
th e m ig ra ti o n b urd en o n u rb an a re as. A p ro per i n v estm ent, w hic h f o cuse s o n n ew
are as s u ch a s n ic he m anufa ctu re r, to uris m r a th er th an tr a d iti o nal a gric ultu re o r
re so urc e-b ase d b usin esse s, c o uld i m pro ve th e s o cio -e co no m y i n r u ra l r e gio ns.
This b enefits r u ra l c iti z e ns a nd a s w ell a s th e n ati o nal e co no m y.
For th e r e aso ns m enti o ned a b ove, i t s e em s to m e th at n ew to w ns c o nstr u cte d i n
ru ra l a re as b rin g g re ate r p ositi v e e ffe cts th an c re ati n g h o use s i n u rb an a re as.
266 w ord s
88

SA M PL E 1 7
Som e p eople t h in k t h at it is g ood f o r a c o untr y 's c u lt u re t o im port f o re ig n
movie s a nd T V p ro gra m s. O th ers t h in k t h at it is b ette r t o p ro duce t h ese
lo ca lly .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
There h av e b een d iffe re nt a rg um ents w heth er i n te rn ati o nal o r d om esti c f ilm s a nd
te le casts a re b ette r f o r a c ultu re . F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, b oth o f th ese c ate go rie s
are e q ually c ru cia l.
On th e o ne h and , I b elie v e th at f o re ig n m ovie s a nd T V p ro gra m s c o nsid era b ly
co ntr ib ute to th e c ultu ra l d iv ers ity o f th eir h o st n ati o n. F ir s tl y , th ey e nab le n ati v e
re sid ents to u nd ers ta nd v ario us c ultu ra l c usto m s f r o m o th er p arts o f th e w orld . I n
fa ct, p eo ple a re l ik ely to g ain k no w le d ge a b out o th er c ultu re s m ere ly b y w atc hin g
im porte d f ilm s a nd p ro gra m s. S eco nd ly , f o re ig n m ovie s a nd te le casts c o uld b e
ab le to r a is e p ub lic a w are ness o f a p arti c ula r c o m munity a b out g lo bal tr e nd s
whic h a re n o t p opula r i n i ts o w n c o untr y . F or e xam ple , th anks to th e H olly w ood
blo ckb uste r " T he d ay a fte r to m orro w ," V ie tn am ese p eo ple n o w r e aliz e o f th e
sig nific ance o f th e c lim ate c hange a nd h o w to d ev elo p a s u sta in ab le e co no m y i n
to day's w orld .
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at i n a n e ra o f g lo baliz a ti o n, d om esti c m ovie s
and te le v is io n c hannels a re v ita l f o r m ain ta in in g u niq ue c ultu ra l f e atu re s o f e ach
co untr y . T o b e m ore s p ecific , n ati o nal f ilm s a nd te le casts c o uld p ro vid e v ie w ers
with i n sig htf u l i n fo rm ati o n a b out l o cal tr a d iti o ns, w hic h c anno t b e f o und i n a ny
oth er i m porte d m ovie s o r T V p ro gra m s. E ven a s h o rt c arto on l ik e " T he s to ry
ab out G od G io ng" c o uld b e a b le to te ach c hild re n V ie tn am ese 's p atr io ti s m a nd
co ura ge. A dditi o nally , tr a d iti o nal c usto m s c o uld b e p asse d o n y o unger g enera ti o ns
th ro ugh l o cal f ilm s a nd te le casts . S uch v alu es c o uld h elp p eo ple to k no w m ore
ab out th e s o cia l a nd c ultu ra l p atte rn s o f th eir c o untr ie s.
In c o nclu sio n, i t a p pears to m e th at th e g o vern m ents s h o uld k eep a b ala nce
betw een l o cal a nd f o re ig n f ilm s a nd te le casts to m ain ta in th eir o rig in al tr a d iti o ns
as w ell a s to a b so rb g o od c ultu ra l p ra cti c es o f o th er n ati o ns.
286 w ord s
89

MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
It i s tr u e th at f o re ig n f ilm s h av e b eco m e m ore p opula r th an d om esti c ally p ro duced
film s. T here a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns f o r s u ch tr e nd a nd th us a uth o riti e s s h o uld p ay
more a tte nti o n to l o cal f ilm i n d ustr ie s.
There a re v ario us r e aso ns w hy p eo ple f in d f o re ig n m ovie s m ore e njo yab le .
Fir s tl y , a s h uge b ud gets a re i n v este d i n f ilm s i n m any c o untr ie s th ey s o on g ain
sig nific ant s u ccess w orld w id e. T hese f ilm s, th ere fo re , a ttr a ct m any l o cal a nd
in te rn ati o nal a ud ie nces b y th eir s p ecta cula r a cti o n s c enes, s p ecia l e ffe cts ,
beauti fu l s o und tr a cks a nd a m azin g s h o ots . “ T he B eauty a nd th e B east” p ro duced
by W alt D is n ey i s a c le ar e xam ple f o r th at. D is n ey s p ent 1 60 m illio n d olla rs o n
th at f ilm a nd i t e arn ed 4 00 m illio n d olla rs i n i ts o penin g w eeks. F urth erm ore ,
fa m ous a cto rs , a ctr e sse s o r d ir e cto rs a re i m porta nt f a cto rs m akin g m illio ns o f
vie w ers g o to th e c in em a e v ery d ay. T hey l o ve th e m ovie s b ecause o f H ugh
Ja ckm an o r B ra d P itt. A s a r e su lt, p oor q uality , l o w b ud get l o cal f ilm s a lw ays a re
ofte n i n fe rio r i n th eir v alu es c o m pare d to th o se f ilm s.
To i m pro ve th is s itu ati o n, g o vern m ents s h o uld g iv e m ore f in ancia l s u p port to l o cal
film i n d ustr ie s. A lth o ugh th ere a re m any ta le nte d p eo ple i n l o cal f ilm f ie ld th eir
sm all b ud get f ilm s d o n o t h av e a ny s ig nific ant a p peal to l o cal r e sid ents . F in ancia l
su p port f r o m g o vern m ents b rin gs o bvio us b enefits s u ch a s i n cre asin g f ilm s a le s
and i m pro vin g f ilm q uality a s w ell a s a ttr a cti n g m ore to uris ts to l o cal s ig hts e ein g.
For e xam ple , K ore an f ilm s h av e d ev elo ped a ro und th e w orld a nd th ro ugh f ilm s,
uniq ue c ultu re a nd b eauti fu l p la ces i n K ore an h av e b een k no w n w id ely b y p eo ple
aro und th e w orld . V is ito rs tr a v ellin g to K ore a i n cre ase a nnually th anks to th at.
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at g o vern m ents s h o uld s u p port l o cal f ilm s s o th at th ey
can c o m pete w ith th e f o re ig n p ro ducti o ns w hic h r e centl y d om in ate th e m ark et.
289 w ord s
90

SA M PL E 1 8
Som e p eople p re fe r t o p la n a ctiv it ie s f o r t h eir f r e e t im e v ery c a re fu lly .
Oth ers c h oose n ot t o m ak e a ny p la ns a t a ll f o r t h eir f r e e t im e. C om pare t h e
benefit s o f p la nnin g f r e e t im e a ctiv it ie s w it h t h e b enefit s o f n ot m ak in g p la ns.
Whic h d o y ou p re fe r-p la nnin g o r n ot p la nnin g f o r y our le is u re t im e? U se
sp ecif ic r e aso ns a nd e xam ple s t o e xpla in y our c h oic e .
In th e a ge th at th e p ace o f l ife i s h asty , th ere a re s o m any o pin io ns o n th e to pic o f
ho w to s p end l e is u re ti m e. W hile s o m eo ne w ould l ik e to p ut th eir h o lid ay i n th e
arra nged s c hed ule , s o m e o f th e o th ers l o ve to d o e v ery th in g d ep end in g o n th eir
mood. P ers o nally , I h av e th e s a m e v ie w a s p eo ple w ho a lw ays m ake a p la n f o r
th eir f r e e ti m e.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s a d m itte d th at c are fu lly p la nnin g b rin gs m any b enefits . F or
exam ple , i f y o u a re te nd in g to h av e a f a r tr ip , th e c are fu l p re p ara ti o n w ill m ake
yo ur j o urn ey b e m ore c o m fo rta b le . F ir s tl y , i t i s c erta in th at p la nnin g f o r r e la xati o n
help s y o u s a v e y o ur ti m e d ue to th e f a ct th at y o u d o n o t h av e to h urry u p to th in k
ab out th e d esti n ati o n, th e th in gs th at y o u s h o uld b rin g f o r th e tr ip , o r w here y o u
will s ta y d urin g th e o ccasio n. S eco nd ly , p re p arin g i n a d vance a ls o h elp s y o u i n
av oid in g a f e w u nexp ecte d p ro ble m s s u ch a s n o a v aila b le r o om i n th e h o te ls ,
bein g l o st o r l u ggage m is sin g. T here fo re , y o u c an r e st a ssu re d m ore to e njo y th e
vacati o n th anks to a d eta ile d p la n.
On th e o th er h and , s o m e p ers o ns b elie v e th at th eir f r e e ti m e s h o uld b e d iffe re nt
with th e d aily l ife . I t m eans th at th ey d o n o t n eed to f o llo w th e w ork ad ay r u le s,
ju st d o a nyth in g th at th ey w ant. A s a r e su lt, th is m akes th em f e el r e la xin g a nd
fr e ed om . F or i n sta nce, tr a v elin g to s o m ew here w ith o ut k no w in g o f th e d esti n ati o n
will g iv e y o u th e c hance to e njo y p le nty o f f u n a nd s u rp ris e .
In c o nclu sio n, b ecause I r e la ti v ely l o ve th e s ta b ility a nd s a fe ty , m akin g a s c hed ule
fo r l e is u re ti m e i s th e b est c ho ic e f o r m e th an a no th er o ne. H ow ev er, i t d ep end s o n
in d iv id uals ’ h o bby to e njo y a f r e e-m in d ed h o lid ay o r c are fu lly p la nned o ne.
295 w ord s
91

SA M PL E 1 9
Som e p eople t h in k t h at if a p olic e f o rc e c a rrie s g uns, it w ould c a use a h ig h
le vel o f v io le nce in t h at s o cie ty . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In r e cent y ears , th ere h av e b een a l o t o f c o ntr o vers ia l a rg um ents a b out th e q uesti o n
of w heth er p olic e f o rc e s h o uld b rin g g uns o r n o t. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I
who le hearte d ly a gre e th at th ey a re b ound to c arry w eap ons l ik e g uns d urin g th e
ti m e o f f u lfillin g th eir m is sio ns.
There a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns f o r th e a fo re m enti o ned p oin t o f v ie w . T o b egin
with , c arry in g g uns w ould m ere ly c o nsti tu te m ore p ow erfu l a nd p ro fe ssio nal
milita ry f o rc e w ho c an c o m pel c rim in als to b e f r ig hte ned . I n s o m e o ccasio ns, th ey
use w eap ons j u st f o r w arn in g, n o t to m ake o th ers g et i n ju re d . A s a r e su lt, i t c an
make v alu ab le c o ntr ib uti o n to r e d uce th e c rim e r a te s a nd k eep th e s o cie ty e v entf u l.
More o ver, i t i s i n co nse q uenti a l to a cco m plis h th eir m is sio ns w hen th ey a re f a cin g
with f ie nd is h o ffe nd ers w ith o ut w eap ons, l e t a lo ne th ey e ffo rtl e ssly p eris h .
On th e o th er h and , o ne o f th e m ost u nd enia b le d riv in g f o rc es i s th at th e p olic e a re
als o c are fu lly tr a in ed th e w ay to u se g uns a nd i n w hat e m erg ency s itu ati o ns
weap ons s h o uld b e u se d . I n a d diti o n, i t i s u nd oub te d th at i f m ilita ry f o rc es u se
th eir g uns f o r f a llin g o ut o f th e l a w s o r e v en p ers o nal p urp ose s, th ey w ill b e
punis h ed l ik e a w ro ng-d oer. I t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at n o n-w eap on p olic e f o rc e c an
alle v ia te th e l e v el o f v io le nce i n th e s o cie ty , h o w ev er, th e g ra v ity o f v io le nce w ill
get w ors e i f th ey a re n o t p ow erfu l e no ugh to o verp ow er c rim in als .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at g uns u se d b y p olic e f o rc e p la ys a c ru cia l r o le i n
dealin g w ith c rim es a nd i ts m erits o utw eig h d ra w backs, th ere fo re , i t i s i n fe asib le
to b an p olic e f o rc e f r o m c arry in g w eap ons.
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SA M PL E 2 0
It is b ette r f o r c o lle ge s tu dents t o liv e in s c h ools t h an liv e a t h om e w it h t h eir
pare nts . D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s c o m monly s e en th at u nd erg ra d uate s tu d ents s h o uld c ho ose to l iv e w ith th eir
fa m ilie s. W hile I a ccep t th is m ay s u it s o m e p eo ple , I b elie v e th at u niv ers ity
stu d ents s h o uld b e e nco ura ged to l iv e i n d ep end entl y i n th e s c ho ol c am pus.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l b enefits f o r p eo ple w ho d ecid e to l iv e w ith
th eir f a m ilie s w hile th ey a re s tu d yin g i n u niv ers ity . F ir s tl y , th eir e ati n g h ab its a nd
die ts a re m uch h ealth ie r a s th eir m oth ers a re th e o nes w ho p re p are e v ery m eal f o r
th e w ho le f a m ily . S tu d ents l iv in g a lo ne, h o w ev er, te nd to s h ift th eir f o cuse s a w ay
fr o m th eir d aily n utr iti o n a nd u su ally c o nsu m e a n e xcessiv e a m ount o f p re p are d
meals o r p ro cesse d f o ods w hic h l a te r o n c ause v ario us h ealth d is e ase s s u ch a s
obesity a nd d ia rrh ea. S eco nd ly , i t o bvio usly c o sts m uch l e ss m oney to l iv e w ith
yo ur p are nt a s y o u d on’t h av e to p ay f o r y o ur l iv in g c o st. I f y o u d ecid e to m ove
out a nd r e nt a n a p artm ent, f o r e xam ple , y o u w ill s o on f a ce m any f in ancia l
diffic ulti e s b ecause y o u h av e to s p end f o r c o untl e ss e sse nti a l th in gs i n y o ur d aily
ro ute w ith th e o nly l im ite d b ud get.
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy s tu d ents w ould m ove o ut a nd l iv e
on th eir o w n. T o b e m ore s p ecific , s tu d ents w ho l iv e i n d orm ito rie s w ith in th e
sc ho ol’s c am pus w ill h av e c hances to i n te ra ct w ith m any p eo ple s u ch a s th eir
ro om mate o r e v en o th er i n te rn ati o nal s tu d ents . T hus th ey w ill b e e xp ose d to
diffe re nt c ultu re s, c usto m a nd p oin ts o f v ie w w hic h a re r e ally u se fu l f o r th eir l iv es
afte r th ey g ro w u p . F urth erm ore , i n o rd er to e arn th eir l iv in g, m any s tu d ents h av e
to s e cure s e v era l p art- ti m e j o bs, th ese e xp erie nces w ill h elp th em b ro ad en th eir
kno w le d ge a nd g ain m any q ualific ati o ns a s w ell a s s o ft s k ills w hic h o pen th e d oor
to b ette r j o b o pportu niti e s a fte r th ey g ra d uate d .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at l iv in g w ith y o ur p are nt i s b enefic ia l i n s o m e
ways, b ut th is i s b y n o m eans p eo ple s h o uld n o t e njo y th eir s tu d ent l iv es i n s c ho ol
cam pus a s i t b rin gs m any a d vanta ges f o r y o ur l a te r c are er a nd l ife sty le .
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SA M PL E 2 1
Educa tio n is n ot a lu xury b ut a b asic h um an r ig ht a nd a s s u ch s h ould b e f r e e
fo r e very one ir re sp ectiv e o f p erso nal w ealt h .
It i s a rg ued th at e d ucati o n i s a b asic h um an r ig ht th ere fo re f r e e tu iti o n f e e i s v ery
necessa ry f o r w ho ev er l e arn ers a re . I n m y v ie w , I p artl y th in k th at th is b rin gs
many a d vanta ges; h o w ev er, f r e e e d ucati o n h as i ts o w n l im its a s th e e xte nt to
whic h th e m erits o f a f r e e e d ucati o n a re d eb ata b le i n c erta in s ta te s a nd
cir c um sta nces.
On th e o ne h and , f r e e e d ucati o n a ffe cts b oth s tu d ents a nd th e w ho le s o cie ty
gre atl y . F or p oor f a m ilie s o r o nes w ith m any c hild re n, n o tu iti o n f e e c arrie s a
sig nific ant i m plic ati o n b ecause th ey d o n o t n eed to f o rc e th eir k id s to w ork i n ste ad
of s tu d yin g a s w ell a s s a v in g a n a m ount o f m oney f o r o th er n eed s; th ere fo re a
who le s o cie ty m ay b eco m e m ore c iv iliz e d a nd w ell e d ucate d . I n a d diti o n, f r e e
ed ucati o n c an a ttr a ct a l o t o f f o re ig ners , e sp ecia lly ta le nte d p eo ple . T akin g
Germ any a s a n e xam ple , th is g o vern m ent f r e es a ny tu iti o n f e e f o r b oth l o cal a nd
fo re ig n s tu d ents , a s a r e su lt, to p b rillia nt p eo ple c o m e h ere a nd c o ntr ib ute to th is
co untr y 's d ev elo pm ent s ig nific antl y .
On th e o th er h and , th is l a w tr ig gers a l o t o f c o nsid era b le p ro ble m s f o r
go vern m ents a nd s tu d ents . P ayin g tu iti o n f e e m eans th at th e g o vern m ent m ust b e
und er a h uge e co no m ic b urd en e v ery y ear a nd th en th e d ev elo pm ent o f s e v era l
fie ld s m ay b e i n hib ite d . F or i n sta nce, i f V ie tn am f u lfills th e l a w o f f r e e e d ucati o n,
th e g o vern m ent m ust s p end th o usa nd s o f b illio n V N D a nnually ; w hile m any o th er
basic d em and s a re n o t r e sp ond ed y et. B esid es, f r e e e d ucati o n m ig ht m ake s tu d ents
le ss r e sp onsib le f o r s tu d yin g o r d oin g a cti v iti e s i n s c ho ol a nd r e su lt i n l o ng-te rm
dra w backs.
Fin ally , I b elie v e th at f r e e e d ucati o n i s e xtr e m ely s u ita b le f o r ty p ic al a re as o r
co untr ie s b ut i t m ay c re ate m any s e rio us i s su es f o r o th ers .
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SA M PL E 2 2
Fre sh w ate r
h as a lw ays b een a lim it e d r e so urc e in s o m e p arts o f t h e w orld .
Today, h ow ever, g ro w in g w orld w id e d em and h as m ade t h is a g lo bal p ro ble m .
What a re t h e c a use s o f t h e in cre ase d d em and a nd w hat m easu re c o uld
govern m ents a nd in div id uals t a k e t o r e sp ond t o t h is p ro ble m ?
Many c o untr ie s a nd r e gio ns a ro und th e w orld f r e q uentl y e xp erie nce a s h o rta ge o f
wate r r e so urc e, a nd th is h as b eco m e a n a la rm in g i s su e a s th e g lo bal w ate r d em and
ris e s. W hile th ere a re s e v era l c ause s o f th e i n cre asin g w ate r c o nsu m pti o n, n ati o ns
and c iti z e ns s h o uld ta ke c erta in s te p s to ta ckle th is i s su e.
The s u rg e o f w orld w id e w ate r c o nsu m pti o n c an b e e xp la in ed i n a n um ber o f
re aso ns. F ir s tl y , p opula ti o n e xp lo sio n i s th e m ajo r c o ntr ib uto r to th e g ro w in g
wate r u se . T his , i n p arti c ula r, i s s e v ere i n c o untr ie s w hic h c o uld n o t m anage th e
bir th r a te s u ch a s A fr ic a. S eco nd ly , a s th e g lo bal p opula ti o n r is e s, i n d ustr ie s a nd
fa cto rie s h av e e xp and ed th eir b usin ess to m eet th e c o nsu m pti o n d em and ,
dis c harg in g m ore s e w age to n atu ra l r e so urc es, a nd e v entu ally e nd angerin g w ate r
re v ers e s. F or e xam ple , i n m any d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s, s m all f a rm s s ti ll p um p
unp ro cesse d w aste w ate r d ir e ctl y i n to l a kes, r iv ers , o r o ceans, w hic h c o nta m in ate
wate r r e se rv oir s u se d f o r w ate r p ro ducti o n.
Nati o nal a uth o riti e s m ust ta ke a cti o ns to c o nse rv e w ate r r e so urc e. G overn m ents
would r a is e p ub lic a w are ness a b out th e i m porta nce o f w ate r r e so urc es, a nd
fu rth er g iv e c o urs e s to c iti z e ns o n h o w to o pti m iz e th eir w ate r u sa ge. I n a d diti o n,
nati o ns w ould d o th eir b est o n p ro te cti n g w ate r r e v ers e s b y b oth i n tr o ducin g s tr ic t
la w s o n r a w d is c harg es to th e e nv ir o nm ent a nd r a is in g th e h ig her s ta nd ard o f
in d ustr ia l s e w age d is p osa l. F in ally , g o vern m ents c o uld e nact i n fr a str u ctu re s
whic h p urify s e aw ate r i n to s a lin e f r e e w ate r. H olla nd , w hic h i s a l e ad in g c o untr y
in th e d esa lin ati o n, h as m anaged to g enera te a th ir d s o urc e o f n ati o nal w ate r
co nsu m pti o n f r o m s e a w ate r.
Citi z e ns a ls o h av e th e r e sp onsib ility f o r r e d ucin g th eir w ate r c o nsu m pti o n. P eo ple
sh o uld m in im iz e th eir w ate r u se i n d aily l iv in g a cti v iti e s b y r e -ro uti n g r u no ff f r o m
wash in g m achin es a nd u sin g th at w ate r f o r f lu sh in g th e to ile t, o r s im ply tu rn in g o ff
th e ta p w hile b ru sh in g te eth o r w ash in g h and .
In c o nclu sio n, g o vern m ents a nd i n d iv id uals s h o uld d o m ore ta ckle th e g ro w in g
wate r u se ; o th erw is e , w ate r s c arc ity w ill b eco m e s e v ere i n th e g lo bal.
95

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SA M PL E 2 3
How s h ould w e e nsu re t h at t e le vis io n is a p osit iv e in flu ence in t h e lif e o f
ch ild re n?
Now ad ays, te le v is io n p la ys a n u nchangeab le r o le i n th e d aily l ife o f p eo ple i n th e
modern a ge/w orld . H ow ev er, i t i s c o nte nd ed th at th is h ig h-te ch d ev ic e w ould
affe ct n egati v ely b ehav io ur a s w ell a s th e i d eo lo gy o f c hild re n. T his e ssa y w ill
su ggest s o m e m easu re s to e v ad e p itf a lls o f te le v is io n a nd e nhance/p ro m ote /u p ho ld
th e a d vanta ges o f i n fo rm ati v e p ro gra m mes o n T V.
Fir s tl y , a lo ng w ith th e b oom in g o f i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy r e centl y , m ore a nd m ore
TV p ro ducts g o v ir a l w ith a n a im a t e nte rta in in g e v ery g ro up o f p eo ple . F or
exam ple , th e e ld erly a nd th e m id dle -a ged a re i n f a v our o f p oliti c s, e co no m ic s o r
health p ro gra m mes w hile te enagers p re fe r m usic a nd T V s h o w s. A s a r e su lt, i t
will b e v ery d angero us f o r c hild re n w ho a re s o v uln era b le i f g etti n g e xp ose d to
in ap pro pria te i n fo rm ati o n o n T V i n th e e arly a ge. I n th at c ase , c enso rs h ip s h o uld
be h ig hly r e co m mend ed i n o rd er to s h ift s e nsiti v e i m agin es, v oic e, a nd
in fo rm ati o n o r e v en a b olis h th e w ho le T V p ro ducts w ith in th e a cti v e ti m e o f
child re n.
In a d diti o n to p ro vid in g m uch m ore k no w le d ge f o r c hild re n, p ro ducers c o uld o ffe r
so m e p arti c ula r p acts o f c hannels f o r c hild re n w hic h i n clu d e c arto on, b asic
sc ie nti fic i n fo rm ati o n, a nd s u ita b le m usic . I f s o , th ese s o lu ti o ns w ill h elp p are nts
to e asily m anage a v aila b le p ro gra m mes f o r c hild re n a nd p re v ent e nti r e ly c hild re n
fr o m w atc hin g b lo ody s c enes o r s e nsiti v e p lo t w hic h c o uld s h ap e th eir th in kin g
fr o m c hild ho od. A lth o ugh s o m e p eo ple a rg ue th at th is r e co m mend ati o n w ill
hand ic ap c hild re n’s f r e ed om o f e xp lo rin g th e w orld th ro ugh T V w hic h i s
co nsid ere d a s a v ery i n fo rm ati v e s o urc e, i t i s th e b est s o lu ti o n w e c an d o to
pro te ct c hild re n f r o m a l a rg e a m ount o f i r re le v ant i n fo rm ati o n p ub lis h ed e v ery
day.
In c o nclu sio n, th e p ro ducers s h o uld g uara nte e th at a ll th eir p ro gra m mes h av e b een
co m e th ro ugh c enso rs h ip a nd p ub lis h i n th e s u ita b le ti m e. F urth erm ore , a p act o f
channels f o r c hild re n s h o uld b e ta ken i n to a cco unt to h elp p are nts k eep
pro gra m mes u nd er s u p erv is io n.
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SA M PL E 2 4
In m any c o untr ie s, g overn m ents a re s p endin g a la rg e a m ount o f m oney o n
im pro vin g in te rn et a cce ss. W hy is it h appenin g a nd d o y ou t h in k it is t h e m ost
appro pria te u se o f g overn m ent m oney?
It i s tr u e th at a w id e a m ount o f p ub lic m oney i s g ro w in gly i n v este d i n d ev elo pin g
th e I n te rn et i n s o m e n ati o ns. T here a re d iffe re nt r e aso ns i d enti fie d f o r th is tr e nd
and I c o nsid er th at p ub lic f u nd in g s h o uld b e s p ent o n m ore u rg ent p rio riti e s.
The m ain r e aso n f o r th is tr e nd to w ard e xp and in g I n te rn et a ccess i n v ario us
co untr ie s i s th at c iti z e ns a re a b le to a ccess r e so urc es o f i n fo rm ati o n a v aila b le
effe cti v ely a t a ny ti m e, m eanin g th at th ey c an h av e a n o pportu nity to b ro ad en th eir
ho riz o ns th ro ugh r e ad in g n ew sp ap ers o nlin e o r s e arc hin g i n fo rm ati o n o n th e
In te rn et. I n a d diti o n, th e I n te rn et a lw ays o ffe rs o penin g a ccess to th o se p eo ple i s
willin g to l e arn r e gale s o f a ge, l o cati o n, a nd b ackgro und . A no th er r e aso n i s th at
th e I n te rn et h elp s to e nhance th e g ro w th o f th e e co no m y. O nlin e s a le b eco m es
more c o m mon th ese d ays, h ence, i m pro vin g I n te rn et a ccess h elp s to b oost th e
dom esti c a s w ell a s i n te rn ati o nal tr a d e. I n f a ct, th e I n te rn et e nab le s/a llo w s u s to
sa v e o ur ti m e a nd i s c o nv enie nt f o r u s d ue to w ritte n f o rm s o f c o m munic ati o n
because th e I n te rn et a llo w s p eo ple to d is c uss o nlin e th ro ugh E m ail, F aceb ook o r
oth er s o cia l m ed ia .
Alth o ugh th e I n te rn et b rin gs b enefits to u s, I b elie v e th at m ore p re ssin g i s su es n eed
to b e i n v este d w ith g o vern m ent f in ancia l a ssis ta nce. F ir s tl y , th e g o vern m ent
sh o uld s p end th e p ub lic b ud get o n th e e d ucati o n s y ste m a nd h ealth care s e rv ic e.
For e xam ple , s o m e s c ho ols i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s r e q uir e m ore s c ho ols w ith
cap ab le te achers a nd a d m in is te rs . S eco nd ly , th e n ati o nal s e curity i s a ls o a
re w ard in g c o ncern . M ore m oney i s u se d f o r p olic e a nd s e curity s e rv ic e to
in cre ase th e s a fe ty o f a ll c iti z e ns.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th ere a re s o und r e aso ns w hy p ub lic a uth o riti e s s h o uld
want to i n v est i n i m pro vin g i n te rn et a ccess, I c o nsid er th at th ere a re m ore
im porta nt p ro ble m s w hic h d em and g o vern m ent f u nd in g.
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SA M PL E 2 5
In m any p arts o f t h e w orld , t h ere is c o ntin uous c o vera ge o f s p ort o n
te le vis io n.
Som e p eople b elie ve t h is d is c o ura ges t h e y oung f r o m t a k in g p art in a ny s p ort
th em se lv es.
Dis c u ss t h is v ie w a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Due to th e a d vance o f i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy n o w ad ays, r o und -th e-c lo ck
tr a nsm is sio n o f s p orts e v ents i n cre asin gly g o es v ita l o n te le v is io n. H ow ev er, th is
pheno m eno n h as tr ig gere d a h eate d d eb ate a s to w heth er i t w ould h and ic ap
child re n’s i n te re st i n p arti c ip ati n g i n s p orts . T his e ssa y w ill a naly ze th e e ffe cts o f
sp orts b ro ad casti n g o n c hild re n f o llo w ed b y p ers o nal o pin io n th at n o t s p orts
co vera ge b ut T V p ro ducts g enera lly a ffe ct c hild re n’s e nth usia sm to w ard p hysic al
acti v iti e s.
By a nd l a rg e, s p orts p ro gra m mes, i n d eed , p la y a n i m porta nt r o le i n m oti v ati n g
te enagers to ta ke p art i n a th le ti c s. W hen a s p orti n g e v ent i s b ro ad caste d , te enagers
co uld s e e th eir r o le m odel p erfo rm in g e xtr a -o rd in ary s k ills o n a m atc h a nd
th ere fo re , i t i s u nd ers ta nd ab le th at th ey w ill b e u rg ent to e m ula te th ese te chniq ues
in a r e al g am e. I n a d diti o n, th anks to th e i n tr o ducti o n o f n ew d iv ers e k in d s o f s p ort
th ro ugh m ed ia , c hild re n c o uld f a m ilia ris e th em se lv es w ith m any e xo ti c o utd oor
acti v iti e s. F or e xam ple , f r e e-s ty le f o otb all f ir s t a p peare d i n w este rn c o untr ie s a nd
has b een i m porte d i n V ie tn am r e centl y . A s a r e su lt, a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple j u m p
on th is b and w ago n a nd th is s p ort h as a ttr a cte d a l a rg e n um ber o f te enagers .
How ev er, th e r e aso n w hy m any p eo ple h o ld f ir m ly th e b elie f o f th e d is a d vanta ge
of s p orts c o vera ge i s th at th ey d o n o t d is c rim in ate th e i n flu ence o f s p orts
pro gra m mes a nd T V p ro ducts i n g enera l. T oday, n o t o nly d o T V p ro ducers
pro vid e a ud ie nces w ith s p orts tr a nsm is sio n b ut th ey a ls o p ro duce m any s o rts o f
pro gra m mes s u ch a s m usic , f ilm s i n o rd er to s a ti s fy v ie w ers ’ n eed s. C onse q uentl y ,
many c hild re n w ill c ho ose i n p re fe re nce o f w atc hin g te le v is io n r a th er th an e ngage
in s p orts . T he d eclin e i n th e n um ber o f s p orts p arti c ip ants c o m e a s n o s u rp ris e
because n o t a ll te enagers a re p assio nate a b out s p orts .
In c o nclu sio n, i t a p pears to m e th at g enera lly , T V p ro ducts th em se lv es c urb
child re n’s i n te re st i n d oin g o utd oor a cti v iti e s w hile s p ort p ro m ote s s p orts s p ir it i n
th e y o ung g enera ti o n.
99

305 w ord s.
100

SA M PL E 2 6
In m odern s o cie ty , it h as b een o bse rv ed t h at t h e e ld erly a re n ot d uly
re sp ecte d in s o m e c o untr ie s. D is c u ss t h e r e aso ns w hy t h is h as o ccu rre d a nd
th e e ffe cts it m ig ht h ave o n o ur s o cie ty .
In th is d ay a nd a ge, i t s e em s th at th e y o ung d o n o t s h o w e no ugh r e sp ect f o r th e
eld erly i n m any n ati o ns. T his e ssa y w ill o utl in e th re e r e aso ns f o r th is i s su e a nd
tw o n egati v e e ffe cts o n o ur s o cie ty .
Fir s t, o ld p eo ple a re o fte n c o nse rv ati v e i n te rm s o f a d ap ti n g to th e m odern s o cie ty .
For e xam ple , th ey o fte n b elie v e th at s ta b le j o bs i n s ta te -o w ned c o m panie s a re a
bette r c ho ic e r a th er th an e nco ura gin g th e y o ung to b eco m e e ntr e p re neurs o r
in te rfe re i n th e s o cia l c ir c le o f y o unger g enera ti o ns. A s a r e su lt, y o ung p eo ple m ay
fin d th eir a tti tu d es r e la ti v ely /fa ir ly /d elib era te ly o ffe nsiv e. S eco nd , m any o ld
peo ple d o n o t h av e th eir p riv ate p ensio n a fte r r e ti r e m ent; c o nse q uentl y , th ey
beco m e th eir f a m ily ’s b urd en. T hir d , c hild re n a re n o t s o cia liz e d to u nd ers ta nd
fu lly w hy th ey s h o uld r e sp ect th eir s e nio rs , s o th ey o fte n p ic k a q uarre l w ith th e
eld ers , s u ch a s th eir g ra nd pare nts .
There fo re , tw o i m pacts o f th is p ro ble m o n o ur s o cie ty a re th e th re at o f d ecre asin g
so cia l v alu es a nd th e l a ck o f w ell- ro und ed l a b ors . F ir s tl y , a n um ber o f o ld p eo ple
hav e m ad e s ig nific ant c o ntr ib uti o ns to th e c o m munity ; f o r e xam ple , M rs . C uc, a n
80-y ear-o ld w om an, w ho i s th e o w ner o f B a N hat B am boo R atta n C oopera ti v e,
whic h i s a w orld -re no w ned h and ic ra ft c o m pany, h as c re ate d a th o usa nd j o bs f o r
many y o ung g enera ti o ns f o r o ver 3 7 y ears . I n th is w ay, i t i s u nfa ir to s a y th at th e
eld ers a re u se le ss, a nd th e p ub lic m ora lity s ta nd ard s w ould d eclin e. S eco nd ly ,
th ere a re q uite a f e w /a n um ber o f e m plo ym ent p ositi o ns/r o le s th at a re s p ecia lly
desig ned /s u ita b le f o r o ld p eo ple – j o bs th at c all m ore e xp erie nce th an p hysic al
pow er, h ence th e q ualifie d e ld ers c an c o ntr ib ute m ore to th e s o cie ty a t p re se nt
ti m e. T hus, i t i s a w aste o f th e v alu ab le h um an r e so urc es f o r th e s o cie ty i f w e l o ok
dow n o n th e s e nio rs .
In s u m mary , I b elie v e th at p eo ple , e sp ecia lly th e y o ung, s h o uld r e sp ect a nd l e arn
th e w is d om f r o m th e e ld ers . B y d oin g th is , w e c an a lto geth er b uild a b ette r a nd
hap pie r w orld .
318 w ord s
101

SA M PL E 2 7
Sch ools s h ould c o nce ntr a te o n t e ach in g s tu dents t h e a ca dem ic s u bje cts t h at
will b e u se fu l f o r t h eir f u tu re c a re ers. S ubje cts s u ch a s m usic a nd s p orts a re
not u se fu l. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s s o m eti m es a rg ued th at s c ho ols s h o uld r e m ove n o n-a cad em ic s u b je cts s u ch a s
music a nd s p orts f r o m ( th e e d ucati o nal/its ) s y lla b us s o th at s tu d ents w ill f o cus o n
acad em ic f ie ld s w hic h a re h elp fu l f o r th eir p ro fe ssio ns. W hile i t i s tr u e th at
in te lle ctu al s u b je cts a re i m porta nt, I d o n o t b elie v e th at f u lly c o ncentr a ti n g o n
te achin g a cad em ic s u b je cts a t s c ho ol i s a g o od i d ea.
Fir s tl y , f r o m th e h ealth p oin t o f v ie w , n o n-a cad em ic a cti v iti e s a re h elp fu l n o t o nly
fo r s tu d ents ’ p hysic al h ealth b ut a ls o th eir m enta l h ealth . F or i n sta nce, a fte r
stu d yin g a nd s itti n g i n c o m puls o ry c la sse s f o r th e w ho le m orn in g, i t i s b ette r f o r
stu d ents to d o s o m e o utd oor o r a rt a cti v iti e s s u ch a s d ancin g, p la yin g b ask etb all to
get r id o f s tr e ss. A s a r e su lt, th eir l e arn in g a b ility a nd c o ncentr a ti o n i n th e
afte rn o on w ill b e i m pro ved . F ocusin g o nly o n th e a cad em ic a re a i s n o t o nly
harm fu l to s tu d ent’ s h ealth b ut a ls o m akes th eir c ap ab ility d ecre ase .
Seco nd ly , n o t a ll o f s tu d ents n eed to b e e xcelle nt a t a cad em ic s u b je cts to a chie v e
su ccess i n th eir f u tu re c are er. F or e xam ple , th ere i s n o p oin t g etti n g A g ra d es
unnecessa rily i n s c ie nce-re la te d s u b je cts i f a p ers o n w ants to b eco m e a s in ger o r
a f o otb alle r. B y e nco ura gin g s tu d ents to e ngage i n e xtr a -c urric ula r a cti v iti e s,
sc ho ols c an b rin g o ut th eir h id den ta le nts i n o th er f ie ld s. T his w ill h elp n o t o nly
th e s tu d ents b ut a ls o th e s o cie ty s in ce th at c re ate s th e d iv ers ity o f o ccup ati o n a nd
enhances th e d iv is io n o f l a b our.
In c o nclu sio n, I d is a gre e th e a rg um ent th at f o cusin g o nly o n a cad em ic s u b je cts i s
more h elp fu l th an n o n-a cad em ic f ie ld s f o r s tu d ents i n d ev elo pin g th eir f u tu re
care ers .
259 w ord s
102

SA M PL E 2 8
Som e p eople d o n ot a llo w t h eir c h ild re n t o p artic ip ate in g am es, s p orts o r
co m petit io ns u nle ss e very one g ets a p riz e. O th ers t h in k t h at c h ild re n m ust
le arn t o d eal w it h w in nin g a nd lo sin g in o rd er t o b e f u lly p re pare d f o r lif e .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge a nd e xperie nce .
Som e te achers a nd p are nts o nly p erm it th eir k id s to p la y o r c o m pete w hen a ll
parti c ip ants a re r e w ard ed ; w hile o th ers a ccep t th at th e c o ncep t o f “ w in ner-lo se r”
belo ngs to a u se fu l e xp erie nce to b e l e arn ed . I f a v our th e s e co nd v ie w poin t.
When a ll k id s p la y a nd w in to geth er, th ey o fte n f e el h ap pie r a nd c an b uild b ette r a
se nse o f te am w ork . M ore o ver, th ey a re m ore w illin g to p arti c ip ate i n / ta ke p art i n
th e n ext e v ents . H ow ev er, th ey a re i n cap ab le o f a ccep ti n g f a ilu re a s a n i n ev ita b le
ste p to s u ccess f r o m th is f a ilu re .
On th e o th er h and , s o m e c hild re n w ho a re a llo w ed to e xp erie nce to b e a w in ner
and a l o se r c an f in d o ut h o w to h and le th e r e al- life s itu ati o n b ette r. C erta in ly ,
bein g l o st, th ey w ould b e u p se t a nd m ay r e fu se to p la y i n th e n ext r o und . H ow ev er,
su ch p ain fu l e xp erie nce i s n ecessa ry f o r th em to g ro w a nd l e arn to o verc o m e th e
negati v e e m oti o ns o f l o sin g.
In m y v ie w poin t, th e a d ults s h o uld f o llo w th e s e co nd o pti o n. I t i s e sse nti a l to
co ach to th eir c hild re n th e g am e s p ir it, w hic h i s “ to p la y, to e njo y, a nd to l e arn .”
The c hild re n s h o uld k no w h o w to a ccep t th eir f a ilu re a nd o verc o m e th is f e elin g.
Pers o nally , I o fte n p la y “ hid e a nd s e ek” w ith m y k id s, a nd o bse rv e th eir c hangin g
atti tu d es. I n th e b egin nin g, th ey w ere n o t h ap py w hen th ey l o st. A nd th en, th anks to
co achin g a nd d is c ussio n, th ey u nd ers ta nd m uch b ette r h o w to i m pro ve th eir s k ills
and s tr a te gie s, a nd th us l e t th e d ecep ti o n f e elin gs g o . A s a r e su lt, th ey g ro w w hile
pla yin g.
In b rie f, a lth o ugh th e a ll- th e-ti m e w in ner h as s o m e p ositi v e i m pacts , I a m
co nv in ced th at c hild re n s h o uld e xp erie nce th e l o se r’s f e elin g a nd l e arn f r o m i t.
275 w ord s
103

SA M PL E 2 9
Som e p eople lik e t o d o o nly w hat t h ey a lr e ady d o w ell. O th er p eople p re fe r t o
tr y n ew t h in gs a nd t a k e r is k s. W hic h d o y ou p re fe r? U se s p ecif ic r e aso ns a nd
exam ple s t o s u pport y our c h oic e .
Diffe re nt p eo ple h av e d iffe re nt p ers o naliti e s i n th at th ere a re th o se th at a llu re
tr y in g n ew f a cets a nd ta kin g r is k s w hile o th ers p re fe r s e curity o r s ta b ility i n th eir
life . P ers o nally , I s tr o ngly f a v our th e p re fe re nce o f th e f ir s t v ie w b ecause o f th e
fo llo w in g r e aso ns.
To b egin w ith , I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at th e o pti m al th in gs o f d is c o verin g n ew th in gs
and s e ekin g n ew c halle nges a re to f o rti fy e xp erie nce a s w ell a s r e so lv e s itu ati o n
sk ill i n y o ur w ork a nd l ife m ere ly . M y i n here nt c hara cte r i s to b e i n te re ste d i n
ad ventu re , i n o th er w ord s, I a lw ays e nd eav our to f in d o ut o r a d ap t to a ny n ew
env ir o nm ent b ecause i n d oin g s o , b y g o in g th ro ugh th e m ill i n th e e xp lo ra ti o n
pro cess, I c an p ra cti c e v alu ab le c hara cte rs s u ch a s p ati e nce, h ard w ork , o r th e
way to d eal w ith d iffic ult d ile m ma. F or e xam ple , i n th e f ir s t ti m e I h av e ta ken p art
in p art- ti m e j o bs, th ere a re a l o t o f j o b o pportu niti e s f o r m e a s a tu to r, w aitr e ss, o r
fr e ela ncer tr a nsla to r. P arti c ula rly , I g av e u p tu to r j o b w ith h ig h i n co m e, to r a is e
myse lf/m ount m yse lf th e c halle nge o f b ein g a w aitr e ss f o r th e p urp ose o f tr y in g
new f a cets a nd b ein g r e ad y to a ccep t r is k s. F ro m th is e xp erie nce, I g ra d ually
would b e m atu re , a lw ays b ra v ery to f a ce c o m plic ate d p ro ble m i n th e n ear f u tu re .
To l o ok a t i t f r o m a d iffe re nt p ers p ecti v e, p eo ple w ho h o ld a n o pposite v ie w
co nsid er th at “ w alk o n th e s p ot” o r “ sti c k u su al h ab it” a re th e b est w ays to
le arn /g ro w u p i n th eir l ife . T hey p oin t o ut th at i t i s ti m e-c o nsu m in g to c hange
so m eth in g o r i t i s v uln era b le to s u ffe r r is k f r o m c hanges. S ta b ility i s th e f ir s t
crite ria i n th eir w ork o r l iv es a s w ell. H ow ev er, th is b elie f h as th e d etr im enta l
sid e w hic h i s th at y o u c anno t m ake p ro gre ss w ith o ut c hangin g a nd ta kin g th e r is k .
Bein g w illin g to tr y n ew th in gs d oes n o t m ean to b e w illin g to ta ke/a ccep t f a ilu re s.
In s u m u p , w hile i t i s tr u e th at i t i s a g o od w ay to k eep u nusu al h ab its , I b elie v e
th at r is k w ould b e th e i m porta nt k ey f o r y o u to u nd erg o c halle nges a nd b eco m e
more m atu re i n y o ur l ife .
328 w ord s
104

SA M PL E 3 0
Som e p eople t h in k it is m ore im porta nt f o r t h e g overn m ent t o s p end p ublic
money o n p ro m otin g a h ealt h y lif e sty le in o rd er t o p re vent illn ess t h an t o
sp end it o n t h e t r e atm ent o f p eople w ho a re a lr e ady ill. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e?
Wheth er a l a rg e p ro porti o n o f a c o untr y ’s b ud get s h o uld b e d iv erte d f r o m
tr e atm ent to s p end in g o n h ealth e d ucati o n a nd p re v enti v e m easu re s h as b een a
gre at d eb ate . M y v ie w i s th at i t s h o uld b e th e b est o f b oth w orld s.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s a gre ed th at g o vern m ents h av e l im ite d h ealth b ud gets , s o ,
th ey m ust b e p rio riti z e d . A dm itte d ly , e d ucati n g p eo ple h o w to l iv e a l o ng a nd
health y l ife , w hic h i s i n h um an b ein gs’ a gend as, i s i m porta nt. I t i s o bvio us th at
so m e d is e ase s s u ch a s H IV /A ID S, m ala ria , c ard io vasc ula r d is e ase , o besity , e tc .,
are r e la te d to i n d iv id uals ’ d aily h ab its , i n clu d in g e ati n g j u nk f o od, s m okin g a nd
in v olv in g i n i n acti v e l ife sty le s; m ed ic al c o sts f o r th ese d is e ase s a re v ery
exp ensiv e.
On th e o th er h and , th e d ev elo pm ent o f m ed ic al te chno lo gie s a nd i n c urin g m eth o ds
als o p la ys a n i m porta nt r o le . I f th ere w ere n o i n v enti o ns i n m ed ic in e a nd m ed ic al
machin es, d octo rs w ould b e u nab le to tr e at th e d is e ase s a nd s a v e m illio ns o f
pati e nts e v ery y ear, s u ch a s p eo ple w ho g et c ancer, H IV /A ID S o r h eart d is e ase s.
How ev er, to i m pro ve a nd to i n no vate th e m ed ic al s y ste m s d em and a l a rg e a m ount
of m oney, s o , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld s h o uld er th is r e sp onsib ility . H ow ev er, th e
bud get o f th at i s n o t u nlim ite d , a nd th ere a re s im ply to o m any i s su es th at n eed to
be d ealt w ith a nd p aid f o r, s u ch a s n ati o nal d efe nse , i n fr a str u ctu re . T here fo re , a
certa in p orti o n/r a ti o o f th e e xp end itu re s h o uld b e f in anced /c o vere d b y q uality
priv ate c o m panie s.
In s u m mary , I b elie v e th at g o vern m ents s h o uld d ir e ct th eir c iti z e ns to a h ealth y
life sty le a nd e nco ura ge r e lia b le c o m panie s to e nte r th e m ed ic al m ark et. B y d oin g
th is , p eo ple c an e njo y th eir l ife a nd th e g o vern m ent c an r e d uce th eir f in ancia l
burd en.
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105

SA M PL E 3 1
Som e p eople t h in k t h at t h e m ain p urp ose o f s c h ools is t o t u rn t h e c h ild re n in to
good c it iz ens a nd w ork ers, r a th er t h an t o b enefit t h em a s in div id uals . T o w hat
exte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
Som e p eo ple r e cko n th at th e s c ho ols h av e r e sp onsib ility f o r tr a in in g c hild re n to
beco m e u se fu l c iti z e ns f o r th e s o cie ty i n ste ad o f i n d iv id uals th em se lv es. W hile I
accep t th at s c ho ol n eed s to f u lfill th eir d uty o f e d ucati n g g o od c iti z e ns, I b elie v e
th at th e h um an r ig hts s h o uld b e r e sp ecte d , l ik e th e r ig ht o f b ein g w ell- e q uip ped to
be w ho ev er th e c hild re n w ant to b e.
It i s u nd enia b le th at th e m ain p urp ose o f e d ucati o n i n s c ho ol i s tu rn in g n aïv e
child re n i n to r e sp onsib le a d ults w ho se b ehav io urs a nd c hara cte ris ti c s c o ntr ib ute
to th e p re se rv ati o n a nd d ev elo pm ent o f a c iv iliz e d c o untr y . H um an i s th e k ey a cto r
of s o cie ty , a nd th e m ore e d ucate d p eo ple a re , th e m ore c iv iliz e d a nd f lo uris h in g
th e c o m muniti e s a re . B esid es, i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s, th e l a b our f o rc e i s
desp era te ly l a ckin g s k ille d w ork ers w ho a re w ell- tr a in ed i n s c ho ols . T his b urd en
push es p re ssu re o n th e s c ho ol to p re p are f o r c hild re n n ecessa ry s k ills a nd
ad eq uate k no w le d ge to m eet j o b m ark et’ s d em and . M ore o ver, c hild re n s p end o ne-
th ir d o f th eir ti m e i n s c ho ols , th ere i s n o o th er o rg aniz a ti o n b ut s c ho ols h av e th e
ab ility to d o th is ta xin g ta sk o f th e s o cie ty .
How ev er, h um ans h av e th eir r ig ht to c ho ose w ho to b eco m e. A c hild w ho w ants to
be s in ger c anno t b e f o rc ed to b e a m anual w ork er e v en th o ugh th ere a re n o t e no ugh
work ers i n th e l a b our m ark et. S cho ols h elp to n urtu re g o od h um an b ein gs, n o t to
make m oney m achin es f o r th e g o vern m ent. T here fo re , s c ho ols s h o uld o nly p ro vid e
su ffic ie nt i n fo rm ati o n a b out th e r e al l ife , a nd l e t th e c hild re n d ecid e w hat th ey
want to b e. C erta in ly , s c ho ols h av e to s h o w th e r u le s a nd r e gula ti o n, th e l im it o f
eth ic s to e nsu re th at th e c hild re n w ill n o t g o i n th e w ro ng d ir e cti o n w hic h i s
unaccep ta b le i n th e s o cie ty . H ow ev er, f o r th e th in gs w hic h a re n o t p ro hib ite d , th e
sc ho ol n eed s to s u p port th em a s m uch a s p ossib le to l e t th em b e m ore m atu re a nd
well- p re p are d i n m akin g d ecis io ns f o r th eir l iv es.
In c o nclu sio n, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at s o cia l r e sp onsib ility o f s c ho ols i s n o t o nly
build in g g o od w ork er f o r s o cie ty b ut a ls o n urtu re h um an b ein gs a s i t s u p pose d to
be.
106

325 w ord s
MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
There i s n o d oub t th at e v ery c hild i n th is w orld s h o uld b e e d ucate d c are fu lly to
beco m e a g o od m em ber s o cie ty b ecause th ey a re th e f u tu re o f m ankin d . H ow ev er,
wheth er th e r e sp onsib iliti e s to te ach th em b elo ng to th eir p are nts o r s c ho ols i s s ti ll
arg ued . M any p eo ple a d vocate th at p are nts p la y th e m ain r o le i n e d ucati n g th eir
child re n w hile o th ers b la m e th at i t i s o nly th e r o le o f th e s c ho ols . T his e ssa y
offe rs a rg um ents th at p are nts s h o uld b e p rim arily r e sp onsib le f o r th e e d ucati o n o f
child re n.
Fir s t o f a ll, i t c anno t b e d enie d th at s c ho ols a re c re ate d to b e th e o ffic ia l p la ce f o r
ed ucati n g c hild re n a nd d ir e cti n g th em to th e g enera l s ta nd ard o f c o m munity .
Child re n o fte n s p end a t l e ast 4 h o urs a d ay a t s c ho ol a nd h av e m any a cti v iti e s i n
whic h th ey i n te ra ct w ith th eir f r ie nd s u nd er th eir te acher’s g uid ance to e nsu re th em
to o bey th e s c ho ol’s r u le s. T here fo re , s c ho ol i s th e i d eal p la ce f o r th em to l e arn
what i s r ig ht a nd w hat i s w ro ng i n th e m ost n atu ra l a nd f a ste st w ay. F or e xam ple ,
when a c hild re n s e e a ll th eir f r ie nd s g o to s le ep i n th e n o on, th ey te nd to f a ll
asle ep e asie r a nd m ore v olu nta rily th an w hen th ey a re a t h o m e.
How ev er, I b elie v e th at w hile s c ho ol p la ys a n i m porta nt r o le i n e d ucati n g c hild re n
to r e co gniz e th e r ig hts a nd w ro ngs, th e p are nts s h o uld a ls o ta ke th e m ain
re sp onsib iliti e s i n s h ap in g th eir p ers o naliti e s a nd te ach th em to b e a g o od c iti z e n.
Child re n a re b orn a nd g ro w n u p d ay b y d ay b esid es th eir p are nts , s o th eir p are nts ’
chara cte rs a nd b ehav io rs h av e s ig nific ant i m pacts o n th em . I n a d diti o n, p are nts a re
th e p eo ple w ho u nd ers ta nd th eir c hild re n th e m ost s o th ey w ill b e a b le to f in d th e
most e ffe cti v e m eth o ds to a d ju st th eir c hild re n’s m anners a nd b ehav io rs .
Meanw hile , th ere i s a lm ost n o o ccasio n w hen c hild re n s p end th eir a ll 2 4 h o urs a
day a t s c ho ol b ut th ere a re m any h o lid ays f o r c hild re n to s ta y w ith th eir f a m ilie s
all th eir ti m e. T hat i s th e o th er r e aso n w hy th ey w ill b e a ffe cte d b y th eir p are nts
more th an th eir te acher o r th eir f r ie nd s i n th e s c ho ol’s l ife .
In c o nclu sio n, th e r o le o f th e s c ho ol i n e d ucati n g c hild re n to m eet th e s ta nd ard o f
so cie ty c anno t b e d enie d b ut i t i s th e p are nts th at s h o uld ta ke th e m ain
re sp onsib iliti e s to te ach th em h o w to b eco m e a g o od m em ber o f s o cie ty .
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SA M PL E 3 2
The m ain p urp ose o f p ublic lib ra rie s is t o p ro vid e b ook s a nd t h ey d o n ot w aste
th eir lim it e d r e so urc e s a nd s p ace o n p ro vid in g e xpensiv e h i- te ch m edia s u ch
as c o m pute r s o ftw are , v id eos, a nd D VDs. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e w it h t h e s ta te m ent.
It i s a rg ued th at p ub lic l ib ra rie s a re th e o nly p la ces w ith a n a rra y o f b ooks, w hic h
sh o uld n o t b e e q uip ped w ith a d vanced f o rm s o f s to rin g m ed ia l ik e C D -R O M S,
vid eo o r c o m pute rs . P ers o nally , I c o m ple te ly d is a gre e w ith th is v ie w b ecause I
belie v e th at m odern m ed ia p la ys a n e sse nti a l p art i n r e ta in in g i n fo rm ati o n a s w ell
as b ooks.
In th e d ig ita l a ge, p eo ple h av e m ore e ffe cti v e m easu re s to s a v e i n fo rm ati o n th an i n
th e p ast. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at s to rin g r e so urc e o f i n fo rm ati o n b y m eans o f m ed ia
is c o nv enie nt f o r u se rs a s w ell a s l ib ra ria ns. B ecause o f th e i m mense s to ra ge
cap acity o f D VD s, p eo ple te nd to s a v e d ata o n a D VD r a th er th an o n a b ooksh elf.
There fo re , l ib ra ria ns c an s a v e m ore s p ace a nd ti m e i n m anagin g th e r e so urc e o f
in fo rm ati o n. I n a d diti o n to , th is i s a ls o f r ie nd ly f o r r e ad ers w hen b ooks a re
av aila b le o nlin e o r a re s to re d i n D VD s, m eanin g th at r e ad ers c an r e ad b ooks
onlin e a t th eir h o m e o r a nyw here th ey l ik e th ro ugh th e I n te rn et i n ste ad o f c o m in g to
pub lic l ib ra rie s.
Furth erm ore , d ig ita l m eans o f m ed ia c an r e ta in i n fo rm ati o n m uch l o nger th an
tr a d iti o nal f o rm s, b ecause th ey a re a b le to p ro te ct b ooks f r o m h um an a cti v iti e s,
fir e , a nd o th er f a cto rs . W hile b ooks i n tr a d iti o nal l ib ra rie s j u st s e rv e r e ad ers f o r
only a f e w h und re d y ears , d ig ita l f ile s e asily d up lic ate to b e r e sto re d f o r a l o ng
perio d o f ti m e. I n f a ct, a ccessin g i n fo rm ati o n th ro ugh m ulti p le m ed ia w ith th e
co m bin ati o n o f i m ages a nd v id eo s i s m uch m ore i n te re sti n g.
In c o nclu sio n, th ere h as b een th e a rg um ent th at m ulti m ed ia f a ciliti e s a re q uite
exp ensiv e. T his m ay b e tr u e to s o m e e xte nt. H ow ev er, th e i n v estm ent i n
modern iz in g l ib ra rie s i s r e w ard in g a nd s h o uld b e e nco ura ged .
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SA M PL E 3 3
The r e sto ra tio n o f o ld b uild in gs in m ajo r c it ie s in t h e w orld c o sts n um ero us
govern m ents ’ e xpendit u re s. T his m oney s h ould b e u se d in n ew h ousin g a nd
ro ad d evelo pm ent. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e a nd d is a gre e?
In r e cent y ears , g o vern m ents h av e s p ent a g re at c ap ita l o n s o lv in g h o usin g
pro ble m s a nd th e i m pro vem ent o f th e tr a nsp ort s y ste m . W hile I a gre e th at th ese
in v estm ents h av e b ro ught a h o st o f b enefits to c iti z e ns, I b elie v e th at c ity p la nners
sh o uld a llo cate a n a ccep ta b le p ro porti o n o f p ub lic e xp end itu re to r e hab ilita ti n g
aged b uild in gs.
There a re v ario us r e aso ns w hy a uth o riti e s s h o uld s p end m uch m oney o n
re str u ctu rin g o ld b uild in gs. F ir s tl y , i t i s i m porta nt to r e co gniz e th at m any
arc hite ctu ra l s ty le s h av e c hara cte riz e d c iti e s, c o untr ie s w here th ey a re l o cate d . I n
fa ct, i t i s c o m mon th at a v arie ty o f o ld b uild in gs w hic h h av e u niq ue a nd tr a d iti o nal
valu es i n a rc hite ctu ra l p atte rn s h av e b een i n te gra l p arts , i f n o t s y m bols o f c iti e s,
co untr ie s. I n o th er w ord s, m odern b uild in gs, w hic h o nly s e rv e th e f u nd am enta l
fu ncti o n o f p ro vid in g s h elte rs , c anno t h o ld a c and le to a ncie nt b uild in gs w ith
cultu ra l h erita ges i n th em g iv en th at th ey a re c re ate d b y ti m e. A s a no th er r e aso n,
th e e xis te nce o f o ld b uild in gs i s o f p ro fo und ly e d ucati o nal p urp ose . I n c erta in
co untr ie s/n ati o ns, s o m e o ld b uild in gs, w hic h a re n o t f a m ous f o r o uts ta nd in g d esig n
fe atu re s, a re w ell- k no w n f o r th eir a tta chm ent/ id enti ty c lo se ly a tta ched to e ith er
his to ric al e v ents o r r e lig io us f a cto rs , p la yin g a c riti c al r o le i n e d ucati o n. A s
witn esse s, a ged b uild in gs r e fle ct l a nd m ark s i n th e h is to ry o r r e lig io n, w hic h a re
ir re p la ceab le , s h o uld b e tr a nsm itte d th ro ugh th e g enera ti o ns.
On th e o th er h and , th ese d ays, th e m ig ra ti o n to m etr o polis e s h as g ain ed c urre ncy i n
many n ati o ns. T here fo re , n o t o nly d o g o vern m ents f a ce th e n eed f o r h o usin g b ut
als o d eal w ith tr a nsp ort i s su e. A s a r e su lt o f th e m enti o ned p ro ble m s, th e
dem oliti o n o f o ld b uild in gs i s r e aso nab le a nd u nd ers ta nd ab le . S in gap ore a nd
Hong K ong a re te llin g e xam ple s f o r th is . I n s u ch c o untr ie s, p ro vid in g a p pro pria te
ap artm ents a nd i m pro vin g tr a nsp ort q ualiti e s a re th e m ost e sse nti a l ta rg ets .
Besid es, o ld b uild in gs w hic h a re u nd er th e p oor c o nd iti o n, l o w q uality a nd
worth le ss s h o uld b e k no cked d ow n to g iv e s p aces to th e e m erg ence o f n ew o nes
with h ig her s a fe ty a nd g re ate r e co no m ic v alu es.
In c o nclu sio n, o nly w hen o ld c o nstr u cti o ns b ear s p ecia l v alu es i n te rm s o f c ultu re
or h is to ry , s h o uld g o vern m ents s u b sid iz e to m ain ta in th em . O th erw is e , th e u rg ent
109

is su es a s a cco m modati o n a nd tr a nsp ort d ev elo pm ent s h o uld b e ta ken i n p rio rity .
330 w ord s
11 0

SA M PL E 3 4
The s u bje cts a nd le sso n c o nte nts a re d ecid ed b y t h e a uth orit ie s s u ch a s t h e
govern m ent. S om e p eople a rg ue t h at t e ach ers s h ould m ak e t h e c h oic e . W hat
are t h e p ro s a nd c o ns o f e ach m eth od, g iv e s o m e s o lu tio ns?
It i s a rg ued th at i n ste ad o f th e g o vern m ent, te achers s h o uld m ake a d ecis io n o n
su b je cts a nd l e sso n c o nte nts . T here a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns b ehin d th is p oin t o f
vie w a nd s e v era l s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e p ro pose d to m ake th e b est c ho ic e f o r th is
cir c um sta nce.
Each w ay h as i ts o w n a d vanta ges a nd d is a d vanta ges. F ir s tl y , i f a uth o riti e s c ho ose
whic h c o nte nts s h o uld b e i n clu d ed , a ll s c ho ols w ill f o llo w th is r e gula ti o n a nd th e
curric ulu m w ill b e c o nsis te nt. H ow ev er, i t m ay b e i n effe cti v e a nd u nsu ita b le d ue
to l a cks o f c o ncern a b out s tu d ent’ s d em and . O n th e o th er h and , i t i s h ard f o r
ev ery o ne to a ccep t th e te acher’s d ecis io n b ecause o f th e d iffe re nce i n a p pro aches
and i n te rp re ta ti o ns e v en th o ugh te achers c o m munic ate w ith s tu d ents e v ery d ay a nd
are w ell a w are o f w hic h a re e sse nti a l a nd s h o uld b e i m pro ved .
How ev er, m easu re s m ust b e ta ken b y g o vern m ents a nd i n te rn ati o nal b odie s to
so lv e th is c o nflic t. T he f ir s t s o lu ti o n w ould b e c o nd ucti n g/c arry in g o ut o n te achers
and c o lle cti n g i n fo rm ati o n, s u ch a s s tu d ent’ s f a v orite c o nte nts , o r p arts w hic h a re
hard to u nd ers ta nd o r m eth o ds u se d to e nhance q uality . T hese d ata w ill b e
analy ze d a nd g iv en to g o vern m ent th en th ey w ill m ake a d ecis io n b ase d o n i ts
re su lt. F urth erm ore , s tu d ents c an e xp re ss th eir i d eas th ro ugh a p oll a t s c ho ol. T his
acti o n w ill h elp to l o bby/e xam in e v alid a nd a ccura te a cad em ic d em and s a nd
im pro ve th e s y lla b us th at c hild re n f in d i t h ard to u nd ers ta nd o r b orin g to l e arn a t
sc ho ol.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c le ar th at th ere a re v ario us r e aso ns f o r th e a rg um ent a b out
cho osin g l e sso n c o nte nts a nd s te p s n eed to b e ta ken to ta ckle th is p ro ble m .
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111

SA M PL E 3 5
To s o lv e t h e e ver-in cre asin g e nvir o nm enta l h azard s t h ro ughout t h e w orld , t h e
best w ay is t o in cre ase t h e p ric e o f f u el. W hat is y our o pin io n o n t h e a bove
assu m ptio n?
The g ro w th i n m eans o f tr a nsp orts n o w ad ays h as r e centl y b een a h eate d i s su e
because i t l e ad s to s e rio us e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s. S om e i n d iv id uals s ta te th at
th e e ffic ie nt w ay to a p pro ach th e r is k s i s to r a is e th e f u el p ric e. O n m y
pers p ecti v e, I s u p pose th at th ere a re o th er/a lte rn ati v e m eth o ds w hic h a ls o
ad dre sse s th e p ro ble m a d eq uate ly /s u ccessfu lly .
To b egin w ith , i t i s e v id ent th at th e i n flu ence o f f u el c o st o n th e n um ber o f
tr a nsp orts i s u nre m ark ab le . T his i s b ecause m ost p eo ple d ecid e w heth er to b uy a
new c ar o r n o t d ep end in g o n th eir n eed a s w ell a s th eir b ud get, n o t p arti c ula rly
fu el p ric e. O ne g o od e xam ple i s i n V ie tn am , a lth o ugh th e p ric e o f p etr o l i s d oub le
co m pare d w ith th at 1 0 y ears a go , th e f ig ure s o f m oto rb ik es a nd c ars a re
sig nific antl y r is in g e v ery y ear.
There fo re , w hat th e g o vern m ent s h o uld d o i s to i m pose l a w s to r e str ic t i m porte d
cars b y ta x i n o rd er to d eclin e v ehic le s w hic h p la y a n i n te gra l f a cto r i n c ausin g
tr a ffic c o ngesti o n a nd p ollu ti o n. I n th at c ase , th e c usto m ers c o uld ta ke i n to
co nsid era ti o n i f th e p ric e o f c ars i s to o h ig h to a ffo rd . A s a c o nse q uence, tr a ffic
ja m i s r e d uced e ffe cti v ely . F urth erm ore , p ub lic tr a nsp ort s h o uld b e i m pro ved to
attr a ct m ore p asse ngers . T his s o lu ti o n d oes n o t o nly c ut d ow n p riv ate v ehic le s b ut
als o r e d uce c arb on d io xid e e m is sio n th at c ause s g re enho use e ffe cts a nd c lim ate
change th ese d ays.
In c o nclu sio n, a s f a r a s I c o ncern ed , th ere a re m any e ffe cti v e w ays to ta ckle tr a ffic
and p ollu ti o n p ro ble m s b esid es th e r is e o f p etr o l p ric e. A bove a ll, w e s h o uld
co m bin e a b ove – m enti o ned s o lu ti o ns to c o pe w ith tr a ffic a nd e nv ir o nm ent i s su es.
261 w ord s
11 2

SA M PL E 3 6
Severa l la nguages a re in d anger o f e xtin ctio n b eca use t h ey a re s p ok en b y
very s m all n um bers o f p eople . S om e p eople s a y t h at g overn m ents s h ould
sp end p ublic m oney o n s a vin g t h ese la nguages, w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at
would b e a w aste o f m oney. D is c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Glo baliz a ti o n h as b een ta kin g p la ce s o f a st th at s o m e l a nguages s u ch a s E nglis h ,
Spanis h o r C hin ese h av e b eco m e v ir tu ally u niv ers a l l a nguages, w hic h e ffe cti v ely
help s to f o ste r c o m munic ati o ns a m ong v ario us n ati o ns w hile u np opula r l a nguages
sp oken b y e th nic m in o riti e s a re l ik ely to g o e xti n ct. S om e p eo ple b elie v e th at
pub lic i n v estm ents i n s a v in g th e h ig hly l ik ely -e xti n ct l a nguages a re to ta lly
waste fu l a nd f u ti le . H ow ev er, I b elie v e a ll l a nguage s h o uld b e p ro te cte d a nd
pre se rv ed .
On th e o ne h and , th e b ig gest d ra w back o f s a v in g m in o rity l a nguage i s th e p ro ble m
in e ffic ie ncy w ith w hic h p eo ple a re c o nfr o nte d . F ir s tl y , th ere h av e b een m illio ns
of p eo ple i n n eed o f h elp to o verc o m e f a r m ore u rg ent i s su es s u ch a s b attl in g
again st s e v ere s ta rv ati o n o r m ass d is e ase , i t f o llo w ed , th en i t f o llo w ed th at
in v estm ent o n m in o rity l a nguage i s r e p orte d ly c o nsid ere d a n eed le ss w aste o f
money. S eco nd ly , th e w id er th e v arie ty o f l a nguages i s , th e l e ss e ffic ie nt th e
co nv ers a ti o ns a m ong p eo ple c o m in g f r o m d iffe re nt c o untr ie s a re . F or e xam ple , th e
fa ct th at p eo ple s p eakin g d iffe re nt l a nguages h av e to m ake m uch m ore e ffo rt a nd
ti m e a s w ell a s m is u nd ers ta nd e ach o th er w hen c o m munic ati n g m ake tr a nsa cti o n
co st i n cre ase .
Desp ite th e a b ove a rg um ent, I b elie v e th at g o vern m ents s h o uld i m med ia te ly
em bark u p on p ro te cti n g a nd p re se rv in g th e l a nguages th at a re l e ss s p oken. A
la nguage n o t o nly i s th e m eans o f c o m munic ati o n b ut a ls o r e fle cts d is ti n cti v e
cultu re s o f v ario us n ati o ns. I f a s ig nific ant n um ber o f l a nguages g o e xti n ct, th e
world w ill b e s ta nd ard iz e d a nd th ere w ill b e a d eclin e i n c ultu ra l d iv ers ity . A s a
re su lt, s o cie ti e s a re u nlik ely to p ro gre ss to h ig her s ta ges o f d ev elo pm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at th e s h o rt- te rm b enefits i n te rm o f c o st s a v in g, w hic h i s
deriv ed f r o m th e o bje cti o n a gain st s a v in g th e m in o r l a nguages s h o uld n o t o utw eig h
th e l o ng b enefits i n te rm o f h ig h d iv ers ity .
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SA M PL E 3 7
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at s tu dyin g a t u niv ersit y o r c o lle ge is t h e b est r o ute t o
a s u cce ssfu l c a re er, w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is b ette r t o g et a j o b s tr a ig ht
afte r s c h ool.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple h av e a p ers p ecti v e th at a s u ccessfu lly d ev elo ped c are er ty p ic ally
re q uir e s f o rm al e d ucati o n f r o m a tte nd in g u niv ers ity o r c o lle ge, w hile th e
opponents o f th is v ie w b elie v e th at p up ils s h o uld a p ply f o r j o bs a fte r h ig h s c ho ol
gra d uati o n. I n m y c o nsid ere d p oin t o f v ie w , I th in k s tu d ents s h o uld b e e nco ura ged
to g et a j o b s tr a ig ht a fte r s c ho ol.
On th e o ne h and , th ere i s a v arie ty o f r e aso ns f a v orin g k eep in g s tu d yin g a t h ig her
ed ucati o n o ver g etti n g a j o b. F ir s tl y , s tu d ents w ould b e c o m pre hensiv ely e q uip ped
with f u nd am enta l k no w le d ge a s w ell a s a cad em ic ally tr a in ed to th in k c riti c ally
and l o gic ally i n o rd er th at th ey c o uld m anage to ta ke g rip s w ith c o m plic ate d
pro ble m s w hic h h eav ily r e q uir e th eo re ti c al b ase r a th er th an e xp erie nce. S eco nd ly ,
(th e) l e arn ers w ould b e k ep t u p date d w ith n ew k no w le d ge d eriv ed f r o m a cad em ic
re se arc h i n th eir f ie ld . I t i s f o llo w ed , th en l e aners w ould b eco m e s u ffic ie ntl y
qualifie d f o r h ig hly s k ille d j o bs w hic h u su ally o ffe r a g enero us s a la ry .
On th e o th er h and , I to ta lly b elie v e th at l o okin g f o r e m plo ym ent a ls o b rin gs m any
ad vanta ges to a p up il. B ill G ate s, f o r i n sta nce, h as b een i n th e f ir s t r a nk o f w orld
billio nair e s f o r f iv e s u ccessiv e y ears a lth o ugh h e w as a c o lle ge d ro pout. T hro ugh
work in g, a s tu d ent ( s in gula r) c an g ain m uch p ro fe ssio nal e xp erie nce, b eco m e
in cre asin gly c o m pete nt a t th e j o b a s w ell a s f in d o ut w heth er th e j o b i s s u ita b le f o r
him . F urth erm ore , h e c an th o ro ughly e xp lo re n o t o nly h is s tr e ngth s to ta ke
ad vanta ge o f, b ut a ls o w eaknesse s to o verc o m e w ith th e p urp ose o f i m pro vin g
perfo rm ance. T here fo re , h e c an f ig ure o ut f o r h im se lf th e b est d ir e cti o n, th en m ake
ap pro pria te i n v estm ents to g uara nte e a s u ccessfu l c are er.
In c o nclu sio n, p eo ple c an d ev elo p th eir c are ers b y p urs u in g h ig her e d ucati o n a s
well a s g ain in g e xp erie nce f r o m j o bs. H ow ev er, I b elie v e th at h av in g a j o b
str a ig ht a fte r s c ho ol p re se nts m ore o f a d vanta ges o ver s tu d yin g a t a u niv ers ity .
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11 4

SA M PL E 3 8
Tra ffic c o ngestio n is b eco m in g a h uge p ro ble m f o r m any m ajo r c it ie s. W hat
are t h e c a use s?
Suggest s o m e m easu re s t o r e duce t r a ffic in b ig c it ie s.
In r e cent y ears , tr a ffic c o ngesti o n h as b eco m e a n e no rm ous o bsta cle f o r m odern
citi z e ns. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, th ere c o uld b e s e v era l r e aso ns w hy th is i s a c ase
and a w id e r a nge o f r e m ed ie s c o uld b e u se d to ta ckle th e p ro ble m .
There a re tw o m ajo r c ause s th at l e ad th e c o ngesti o n to b e o n th e i n cre ase i n
metr o polita n a re as. A n u p su rg e i n p opula ti o n c o uld b e s e en a s th e f ir s t p re curs o r.
As a m atte r o f f a ct, a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple h av e r e centl y m ig ra te d to r e sid e i n
urb an a re as, B eijin g, N ew Y ork o r H o C hi M in h C ity , f o r i n sta nce, h ence a n
excessiv e n um ber o f c o m mute rs w ho tr a v el i n c iti e s e v ery d ay. A s a c o nse q uence,
str e ets a re o fte n o verc ro w ded ; th is , c o up le d w ith th e i n su ffic ie nt i n fr a str u ctu re o f
tr a nsp orta ti o n, c o uld r e su lt i n h eav y tr a ffic j a m s, e sp ecia lly i n p eak h o urs . T he
se co nd e xp la nati o n c o uld b e th at i n d iv id uals p re fe r u sin g p riv ate v ehic le s r a th er
th an p ub lic tr a nsp ort a s i t s ta nd s o ut f o r th e c o nv enie nce o f ti m e-s a v in g a nd
fle xib ility . T here fo re , th ere a re n um ero us m eans o f tr a nsp orta ti o n tr a v ellin g o n
str e ets , w hic h g re atl y c o ntr ib ute to tr a ffic c o ngesti o n.
How ev er, th is i s su e c o uld b e m iti g ate d b y a v arie ty o f m easu re s. T o b egin w ith ,
go vern m ents s h o uld s p end th eir b ud get o n i m pro vin g p ub lic tr a nsp ort a s w ell a s
th e i n fr a str u ctu re . W ith m ore n ati o nal f in ancia l r e so urc es a llo cate d to th e u p -
gra d ati o n o f th e tr a nsp ort s y ste m , i t w ould e nco ura ge r e sid ents to tr a v el b y b us,
tr a m o r s u b w ay i n ste ad o f p riv ate m eans. S in ce th e n um ber o f v ehic le s o n r o ad s
re d uces, i t e v entu ally a lle v ia te s th e s itu ati o n o f tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. A dditi o nally ,
re str ic ti n g th e e xcessiv e u sa ge o f i n d iv id ual tr a nsp ort b y i m posin g h ig her ta xes o r
charg in g c o ngesti o n f e e c o uld p artl y s o lv e th e i s su e. T akin g L ond on a s a g o od
exam ple , th ere i s a c o ngesti o n c harg e o f $ 11 .5 p er d ay f o r e v ery c ar g o in g to th e
city i n b usin ess h o urs . T his h elp s to d is c o ura ge p eo ple f r o m d riv in g p riv ate
tr a nsp ort i n to th e c entr e a nd r a is e m ore m oney f o r p ub lic tr a nsp ort.
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re tw o m ain c o ntr ib uto rs to tr a ffic c o ngesti o n a nd th e
afo re m enti o ned s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e ta ken to a d dre ss th is m odern -d ay p ro ble m .
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SA M PL E 3 9
Many p eople s a y t h at c o ok in g a nd e atin g a t h om e is b ette r f o r t h e in div id ual
and t h e f a m ily t h an e atin g o ut in r e sta ura nts o r c a nte ens.
Do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at h o m e f o od p re p ara ti o n a nd c o nsu m pti o n a re b enefic ia l f o r
an i n d iv id ual a nd a f a m ily r a th er th an e ati n g o uts id e. P ers o nally , I c o m ple te ly
agre e w ith th is p oin t o f v ie w f r o m e v ery p ers p ecti v e.
On a n i n d iv id ual l e v el, h o m e-c o oked m eal i s o f i n d is p ensa b le n ecessity to e nsu re
a h ealth y d ie t. A s a m atte r o f f a ct, m any r e sta ura nts te nd to g enera te g re ate r p ro fit
by d elib era te ly p ro ducin g f o od w ith l o w q uality o f n utr iti o n a nd h ygie ne, w hic h
cause s f o od p ois o nin g a nd l o ng-te rm h ealth i s su es, s u ch a s d ig esti v e d is e ase s o r a
varie ty o f c ancers f o r i n sta nce, w here as c o okin g m eal a t h o m e a llo w s i n d iv id uals
to s e le ct f r e sh i n gre d ie nts a nd p re p are i n th e c le anest w ay a s p ossib le .
Furth erm ore , h av in g m eals i n a r e sta ura nt o fte n c o sts a g re at d eal o f m oney w hic h
co uld b e s a v ed u p b y e ati n g a t h o m e, a nd s u ch m oney c o uld b e w is e ly s p ent o n
oth er i m porta nt th in gs s u ch a s th e p osse ssio n o f a h o use o r e d ucati o n p urp ose .
More i m porta ntl y , m any y o ung a d ults w ho l iv e f a r a w ay f r o m h o m e f a il to
main ta in a h ealth y l ife sty le a nd a s u ffic ie nt b ud get d ue to a h ab it o f h av in g m eals
outs id e.
Fro m a no th er a ngle , d in nin g a t h o m e a d vanta ges f a m ily b ond in g a nd y o ungste rs ’
dev elo pm ent. I n f a ct, a d ev elo ped w orld l e ad s to th e d ete rio ra ti o n o n f a m ily
in te ra cti o ns d ue to a h ecti c l ife sty le , e sp ecia lly i n m etr o polita n c iti e s. I n o th er
word s, m odern c iti z e ns b are ly h av e ti m e f o r th eir f a m ily m em bers o n d aily
co nv ers a ti o ns a nd e m oti o nal s u p ports . T here fo re , d in nin g ti m e s e rv es a s a n
effe cti v e w ay to f ill o ut th is g ap a nd e nric h f a m ily l iv es. A dditi o nally , h o m e -
co oked m eal a llo w s p are nts to te ach th eir o ffs p rin g a n e sse nti a l l ife s k ill o f
co okin g a nd a s e nse o f r e sp onsib ility to w ard s to th eir f a m ily a s w hen th ey g et
in v olv ed i n r e la te d c ho re s s u ch a s p re p arin g a nd c le anin g b efo re a nd a fte r m eals .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at a n i n d iv id ual a nd a f a m ily g re atl y b enefit f r o m
co nsu m in g h o m e-c o oked m eals a nd i t s h o uld b e e nco ura ged r a th er th an e ati n g
outs id e.
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11 6

SA M PL E 4 0
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at t o uris ts s h ould a cce pt s o cia l a nd e nvir o nm enta l
re sp onsib ilit y w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at t o uris ts s h ould n ot a cce pt a ny
re sp onsib ilit y a t a ll. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Many p eo ple a rg ue th at tr a v elle rs s h o uld ta ke s o cia l a nd e nv ir o nm enta l o n u s.
While s o m e p eo ple d o n o t a ccep t th is p oin t o f v ie w , I c o m ple te ly c o ncur th at
th is r e sp onsib ility b elo ngs to to uris ts .
The r e aso n w hy to uris ts h av e to b e r e sp onsib le f o r e nv ir o nm enta l i s su es i s th at
to uris m , a lo ng w ith i ts b oom in g d ev elo pm ent, h as b ro ught m any n egati v e i m pacts
on th e l o cal e nv ir o nm ent. F ir s tl y , m any f a m ous to uris t a ttr a cti o ns a re e nd angere d
no w ad ays b ecause o f to ns o f tr a sh a nd p ollu ti o n s p re ad | b y th e to uris ts . F or
exam ple , - M ald iv es, a f a m ous tr o pic al p ara d is e o n th e g lo be, h as b eco m e th e
world ’s b ig gest r u b bis h i s la nd o w in g to th e f a ct th at m ore th an 1 0,0 00 to uris ts
co m e h ere e v ery w eek a nd d is c harg e th eir w aste th ere . S eco nd ly , th e m ore th e
to uris t d esti n ati o ns a re b ein g l a unched , th e m ore q uic kly n atu re h ab ita ts o f
wild life a nim als d is a p pear. T here fo re , th is s itu ati o n c anno t b e h and le d b y th e
nati o nal g o vern m ent s o le ly , b ut m any v is ito rs c o uld g iv e th eir h and s to p ro te ct
th ese a ttr a cti o ns a nd th eir b io div ers iti e s.
Apart f r o m th e p ra cti c al d ra w backs e xp re sse d a b ove, I b elie v e th at th ere i s
ano th er p ro ble m r e la te d to s o cie ty . E very c o untr y h as i ts o w n c ultu re s v alu es a nd
re lig io us b elie v es th at tr a v elle rs n eed to r e sp ect a nd f o llo w . T here fo re , i f th ey
deny o beyin g th e r u le s s e t b y l o cal a uth o rity , th is c o uld r a is e | c o nflic ts b etw een
tr a v elle rs a nd i n d ig eno us- p eo ple . A no th er f a ct to n o te th at th e i n cre ase i n th e
num ber o f v is ito rs c o uld l e ad to th e o ver-c o nsu m pti o n o f r e so urc es, w hic h i s n o t
co m pati b le w ith th e s u sta in ab le d ev elo pm ent o f th e c o untr y .
In c o nclu sio n, I to ta lly a gre e w ith th e v ie w th at tr a v elle rs s h o uld g o h and i n h and
with l o cals i n o rd er to r e se rv e th e f a m ous d esti n ati o ns.
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11 7

SA M PL E 4 1
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at it is w ro ng t o k eep a nim als in z oos, w hile o th ers
th in k t h at z oos a re b oth e nte rta in in g a nd e co lo gic a lly im porta nt. D is c u ss b oth
vie w s.
There i s a d eb ate o ver w heth er z o os s h o uld b e m ain ta in ed o r n o t. W hile s o m e
peo ple a rg ue th at z o os a re b enefic ia l i n te rm s o f e nte rta in m ent a s w ell a s e co lo gy,
oth ers b elie v e th at k eep in g a nim als i n z o os v io la te s a nim al’s r ig ht.
On th e o ne h and , p eo ple w ho a re i n s u p port o f th e f ir s t v ie w a d vocate th at z o os
can f u ncti o n a s s a nctu arie s f o r e nd angere d s p ecie s w hic h h elp to m ain ta in th e
bala nce o f th e e co sy ste m . I t i s a f a ct th at m any r a re a nim als s u ch a s ti g ers ,
ele p hants h av e b een o n th e b rin k o f e xti n cti o n b ecause o f h ab ita t d estr u cti o n.
How ev er, o w in g to s u ccessfu l c ap ti v e b re ed in g p ro gra m s i n z o os th is h aza rd h as
been p re v ente d . M ore o ver, m odern z o os c an a ct a s e d ucati o nal c ente rs a t w hic h
many c la sse s o r d ay tr ip s a re c o nd ucte d to te ach p eo ple e sp ecia lly c hild re n
diffe re nt a sp ects o f z o olo gy. C hild re n h av e o pportu niti e s to s e e w ild a nim als
dir e ctl y r a th er th an th ro ugh th e b ooks. S cie nti s ts a ls o h av e c hances to s tu d y
anim als a nd th eir b ehav io rs . I n a d diti o n to th ese , z o os b rin g a b out e co no m ic
benefits to o. Z oos p ro vid e j o b o pportu niti e s f o r a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple a nd to
so m e e xte nt, m ake c o ntr ib uti o ns to th e r e v enue o f l o cal g o vern m ents . T he m oney
ra is e d c an b e u se d f o r c o nse rv ati o n p ro je cts .
On th e o th er h and , z o os h av e s o m e d ra w backs. F ir s tl y , z o o a nim als a re k ep t i n a n
arti fic ia l e nv ir o nm ent w ith l im ite d p la ce/s p ace w hic h c an m ake th em l o se th eir
in here ntl y n atu ra l i n sti n ct. F or i n sta nce, th ey c anno t h av e th e f r e ed om to h unt f o r
fo od, th ere fo re , w hen r e le ase d i n to th eir o rig in al h ab ita t, th ese a nim als m ay h av e
tr o ub le l iv in g i n th eir o w n l iv es. S eco nd ly , s o m e z o os o rg aniz e a nim al e xhib its
with th e a im o f m akin g m oney w hic h i s u neth ic al. A nim als h av e th eir a ll r ig hts a nd
it i s w ro ng f o r a h um an to u se a nim als f o r e nte rta in m ent a nd p ro fit.
To s u m u p , th e a rg um ents s ta te d o n b oth v ie w s m ake s e nse . S o i t i s h ard to d ra w a
defin ite c o nclu sio n.
308 w ord s
11 8

SA M PL E 4 2
Cyclin g is m ore e nvir o nm enta lly f r ie ndly t h an o th er f o rm s o f t r a nsp ort. W hy
is it n ot p opula r in m any p la ce s? A nd h ow t o in cre ase it s p opula rit y ?
In l ig ht o f g lo bal w arm in g a nd th e r is in g l e v el o f p ollu ti o n, u sin g e co -fr ie nd ly
means o f tr a nsp ort e sp ecia lly b ic ycle i s g re atl y e nco ura ged b y a uth o riti e s a s w ell
as c o nse rv ati o nis ts . H ow ev er, i t i s n o t f a v ore d b y m any p eo ple d ue to v ario us
re aso ns a nd th ere a re s o m e v ia b le s o lu ti o ns th at g o vern m ents c an a d opt to s u p port
cyclin g.
The u np opula rity o f b ic ycle s c an b e a ttr ib ute d to s e v era l u nd erly in g c ause s. T he
key r a ti o nale i s th at u sin g b ik es c o nsu m es a l a rg e a m ount o f ti m e to tr a v el f r o m a
pla ce to a no th er o n a d aily b asis , w hic h c an a ffe ct p eo ple ’s w ork a nd o th er
acti v iti e s. I n p arti c ula rly , l o ng-d is ta nce c o m mute rs w ho se o ffic es a re l o cate d i n
centr a l a re as m ay e nco unte r d iffic ulti e s w ith a rriv in g a t th eir o w n c o m panie s o n
ti m e. A no th er r e aso n i s th at n o w ad ays p eo ple a re l e ss l ik ely to p ay a tte nti o n to th e
harm s w hic h c an b e i n flic te d o n th eir s u rro und in gs. I n o th er w ord s, th ey g enera lly
do n o t f o re go th e p riv ile ge o f d riv in g th eir o w n c ar/m oto rb ik e a nd s w itc h to
cyclin g i n o rd er to p arti a lly p urify th e a tm osp here . T here fo re , i t i s u nd ers ta nd ab le
th at i n s o m e p la ces, b ic ycle s a re n o t p re fe rre d .
How ev er, g o vern m ents c an ta ke s e v era l s te p s to c ulti v ate th is g re en h ab it. F ir s t
and f o re m ost, e nv ir o nm enta l c am paig ns s h o uld b e p ro m ote d to r a is e p eo ple ’s
aw are ness o f th e p ositi v e c o ntr ib uti o n th at c yclin g c an m ake to th eir r e sid enti a l
are as. F or e xam ple , e nv ir o nm enta lis ts c an i n d ic ate th at d ete rio ra ti o n o f a ir q uality
cause d b y th e e m is sio ns f r o m p ers o nal c ars c an p ose a n i m min ent th re at to
peo ple ’s h ealth . M ore o ver, s ta te s c an i m pose /a d opt s tr in gent r e gula ti o ns
acco m panie d w ith h o ld in g c o m peti ti o ns to e nco ura ge p eo ple to c ycle to w ork a t
le ast o ne d ay p er w eek. D a N ang p erfe ctl y e xem plifie s th is s o lu ti o n. L ocal
auth o riti e s u su ally r e q uir e c iti z e ns to u se b ik es a t w eekend s, f o rm in g a g o od h ab it
and m akin g th em m ore r e sp onsib le f o r e nv ir o nm enta l p ro te cti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite th e a d vanta ges c yclin g c an b rin g to th e e nv ir o nm ent, i t i s
no t h ig hly a p pre cia te d . T here fo re , g o vern m ents s h o uld ta ke p ro pose d m easu re s to
urg e th eir c iti z e ns to u se b ik es m ore f r e q uentl y .
319 w ord s
11 9

SA M PL E 4 3
An o rd in ary m an c o pie s t h e f a m ous p eople t h at h e s e es o n T V a nd m agazin es.
Do y ou a gre e t h is is a g ood id ea? I s it g ood t o f o llo w f a m ous p eople o r n ot?
It i s tr u e th at p eo ple n o w ad ays, e sp ecia lly y o ung i n d iv id uals , h av e g re at
ad m ir a ti o n f o r c ele b riti e s a nd te nd to i m ita te th eir f a sh io n a nd l ife sty le s th ro ugh
vario us m eans o f c o m munic ati o n s u ch a s T V a nd m agazin es. P ers o nally , I
co nsid er i t to b e a d etr im enta l tr e nd .
Fro m o ne s ta nd poin t, e m ula ti n g f a m ous e nte rta in m ent s ta rs m ig ht r e su lt i n
changin g p atte rn s o f f a sh io n a nd b ehav io r a m ong y o ung a d ults w ho a re n o t m atu re
eno ugh to j u d ge w hat i s s u ita b le w ith in th eir s o cie ty . A s a m atte r o f f a ct, th ey
sh o w a p ro pensity f o r c o pyin g w hat th o se s ta rs s a y o r d o o n T V, e v en i f th eir
acti o ns a re i n ap pro pria te o r g o a gain st th e c ultu ra l v alu e o f s o m e l o caliti e s.
Regard in g f a sh io n, ta kin g D am V in h H ung w ho i s a r e no w ned V ie tn am ese s in ger
as a n e xam ple , th e w ay h e d re sse s s o m eti m es w ould b e r a th er
in ap pro pria te /u nsu ita b le tr e nd o f f a sh io n w ith e xp ose d s k in V ie tn am ese c ultu re .
Unfo rtu nate ly , th e y o ung h av e y et to u nd ers ta nd th e l o ng-te rm s h o rtc o m in gs o f s u ch
a m anner/te nd ency to th e tr a d iti o nal w ay o f d re ssin g w hic h v alu es th e b eauty a nd
ele gance o f c lo th es s u ch a s th e A o D ai.
Fro m a no th er a ngle , i n d iv id uals , p arti c ula rly th e y o ung w ho s p end a n e xcessiv e
am ount o f ti m e f o llo w in g a nd e m ula ti n g c ele b riti e s w ould i m pact a d vers e ly o n
th eir a cad em ic , m enta l a nd p hysic al d ev elo pm ent. I n f a ct, a d ole sc ents , e sp ecia lly
gir ls , d ev ote a lm ost a ll th eir ti m e to w in d ow s h o ppin g i n th e m alls , w atc hin g
fa sh io n s h o w s o n T V o r r e ad in g m ain str e am s f a sh io n m agazin es to c atc h u p w ith
new tr e nd s, h ence th e d ete rio ra ti o n i n o th er i m porta nt a cti v iti e s, s tu d yin g, s p orts
and s o cia l i n te ra cti o ns f o r i n sta nce. I n o th er w ord s, f o r p up ils , w ho o vers p end
ti m e i m ita ti n g th eir f a sh io n s ta rs , s c ho ol a tte nd ance a nd a cad em ic p erfo rm ance
ofte n s u ffe r. S uch a m ount o f ti m e c o uld b e w is e ly a llo cate d to e nhancin g
kno w le d ge a nd p hysic al h ealth .
In c o nclu sio n, th e p heno m eno n th at p eo ple m im ic th e m ed ia a nd s p orts c ele b riti e s
pre se nts a fo re m enti o ned d em erits , a nd i t s e em s a n egati v e te nd ency i n s o m e
asp ects to m e.
305 w ord s
120

SA M PL E 4 4
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at p eople h ave t h e r ig ht t o u niv ersit y e duca tio n, a nd
govern m ent s h ould m ak e it f r e e n o m atte r w hat t h eir f in ancia l b ack gro und.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e.
Not e v ery o ne i s b orn w ith th e g o od c o nd iti o n, h o w ev er, e v ery o ne h as th e r ig ht to
access to u niv ers ity e d ucati o n. T here fo re , s o m e p eo ple b elie v e th at g o vern m ent
has th e r e sp onsib ility i n o ffe rin g i ts c iti z e ns f r e e s tu d y p ro gra m . M eanw hile , th e
oth ers s u ggest th at u niv ers ity s h o uld n o t b e f r e e to a nyo ne.
On th e o ne h and , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p ro vid e s u p port to e v ery p ers o n w ho h as
a d esir e to th e u niv ers ity b y c arry in g o ut a n o -tu iti o n f e e p ro gra m . F ir s tl y , p eo ple
hav e e q ual r ig ht to r e ceiv e a n a d eq uate e d ucati o n e nv ir o nm ent. A s a r e su lt, p eo ple
fr o m a ll w alk s o f l ife c an s it i n th e s a m e c la ss a t th e u niv ers ity , w hic h n arro w s
dow n th e r ic h-p oor g ap . S eco nd ly , h um an r e so urc e i s a k ey f a cto r i n th e w ell-
bein g o f a c o untr y . T here fo re , th e n ati o nal b ud get s h o uld b e a llo cate d to m ake
univ ers ity f r e e s o th at u nv eile d ta le nts c an s tu d y a nd c o ntr ib ute to th e c o untr y i n
th e f u tu re .
On th e o th er h and , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld o nly p ro vid e f in ancia l u niv ers ity a id to
th e p oor p eo ple . T he f ir s t r e aso n to a p ply tu iti o n f e e o n a v aila b le p eo ple i s th at i t
is o ne o f th e m ost e ffe cti v e w ays to s ti m ula te p eo ple to d ete rm in e i n s tu d yin g.
With th e p re se nce o f a n a ffo rd ab le a m ount o f m oney f o r th e u niv ers ity , p eo ple w ill
be m ore s e rio us i n th eir s tu d yin g b ecause th ey n eed to h av e r e sp onsib ility f o r th eir
money. M ore o ver, tu iti o n f e e c an h elp th e u niv ers ity to p ay f o r i n fr a str u ctu re 's c o st
and e nhance te achin g q uality .
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh s tu d yin g i s a n e q ual r ig ht to e v ery o ne, th e g o vern m ent
sh o uld s u p port o nly s o m e p eo ple w ho a re p oor b ut s e rio us i n l e arn in g. O nly b y
doin g s o c an th e u niv ers ity tr u ly b eco m es e q ual to e v ery o ne.
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121

SA M PL E 4 5
Som e p eople t h in k t h at s tu dents s h ould g et in volv ed in m ak in g d ecis io ns o n
how t h eir s c h ool s h ould r u n. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e? G iv e r e aso ns w it h
re le vant e xam ple s.
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at p up ils s h o uld b e a llo w ed to p arti c ip ate i n d ecis io n-
makin g o n h o w th eir s c ho ol s h o uld b e m anaged . P ers o nally , I d is a gre e w ith th is
poin t o f v ie w b ecause , d esp ite s o m e i n d is p uta b le b enefits , th ere a re s o m e
detr im ents th at s h o uld b e ta ken i n to c o nsid era ti o n.
On th e o ne h and , l e arn ers a re e nti tl e d to s e v era l m erits o f m akin g th eir o w n
decis io ns i n s c ho ol m anagem ent. F ir s tl y , th ey a re a c hance to d esig n th e m ost
su ita b le p ro gra m f o r th eir n eed s. I n o th er w ord s, s tu d ents a re w ell a w are o f th eir
str e ngth s a nd w eaknesse s, th us, th ey c o uld c re ate o r i n clu d e u se fu l a cti v iti e s to
alle v ia te th eir w eaker p oin ts . S eco nd ly , y o ung i n d iv id uals a re l ik ely m ore a cti v e
in l e arn in g’s p ro cesse s s in ce th ey h av e a f r e ed om to r a is e th eir v oic e a t s c ho ol.
As a m atte r o f f a ct, s tu d ents a re o fte n r e lu cta nt to l e arn te d io us l e sso ns f r o m
te xtb ooks; th ere fo re th ey c o uld f in d th em se lv es a w ay to a b so rb k no w le d ge
effe cti v ely b y e ngagin g i n m akin g s tu d y p la ns a nd p ro gra m s, w hic h c o uld r e su lt i n
fa v ora b le o utc o m es.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s tr u e th at y o ungste rs a re n o t p ro fe ssio nal i n m anagem ent a s
th ey a re n o t w ell- tr a in ed s p ecia lis ts i n l e arn in g a nd e d ucati o n, th us, th eir
decis io ns m ig ht s h o w a d vers e i m pacts o r i n ad eq uate o rie nta ti o n o n th e o vera ll
dev elo pm ent. F or i n sta nce, s o m e s tu d ents m ig ht f a v or o nly p arti c ula r s u b je cts ;
hence th e n eglig ence o f o th ers , i n s u ch c ase s, s c ho olin g d is c ip lin es a nd d esig nate d
pro gra m s a re o f i n d is p ensa b le n ecessity to s tr ik e a b ala nce o n th eir l e arn in g.
Additi o nally , e d ucato rs h av e th o ro ugh i n sig hts i n to e v ery s ta ge o f h um an
dev elo pm ent a nd l e arn in g. T here fo re , th ey c o uld m ake b ette r d ecis io ns i n l e arn in g
path s f o r s c ho ol s tu d ents .
In c o nclu sio n, I p ers o nally p re fe r th e c urre nt s y ste m i n w hic h a uth o riti e s a nd
te achers ta ke a p rin cip al r e sp onsib ility i n m anagin g s c ho ols .
277 w ord s
122

SA M PL E 4 6
Scie ntis t a gre e t h at p eople a re d am agin g t h eir h ealt h b y e atin g t o o m uch j u nk
fo od. S om e p eople t h in k t h at t h e a nsw er t o t h is p ro ble m is t o e duca te p eople .
Oth ers t h in k e duca tio n w ill n ot w ork . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our
opin io n.
It i s tr u e th at j u nk f o od h as m any d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n h um an h ealth . W hile s o m e
peo ple c o nsid er th at e d ucati o n i s a n i n effe cti v e m easu re to s o lv e th e p ro ble m . I
would l ik e to c o nte nd th at th is p ra cti c e w ould s e rv e a s a d efin ite ly w ork ab le
so lu ti o n to ta ckle s u ch a n i s su e.
On th e o ne h and , th ere i s a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy e d ucati o nal p ro gra m s m ig ht n o t
be e ffe cti v e i n th e b attl e a gain st j u nk f o ods. F ir s tl y , th e i n d ustr ia l l ife sty le , i n
whic h p eo ple a re a ll i n a h urry d ue to w ork p re ssu re , i s th e r o of o f th is i s su e.
They a re a lw ays i n s h o rt o f ti m e to p re p are th eir m eals . A s a r e su lt, i n s p ite o f
pote nti a l h ealth r is k s, th ey c ho ose f a st f o od f o r th eir l u nch o r d in ner to s a v e ti m e.
Furth erm ore , h am burg er o r f r ie d c hic ken a re a d elic io us a nd a d dic ti v e d is h .
There fo re , th ey h av e b eco m e a ty p e o f p opula r f o od e sp ecia lly to c hild re n a nd
ad ole sc ents , w ho d id n o t p erc eiv e th e h ealth c o nse q uences o f th eir e ati n g h ab it.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at e d ucati o nal p ro gra m s c o uld p la y a k ey p art
in p re v enti n g p eo ple f r o m c o nsu m in g a n e xcessiv e a m ount o f j u nk f o od. F ir s tl y ,
th ro ugh th ese p ro gra m s, p eo ple m ig ht b e a b le to a w are o f v ario us h arm fu l i m pacts
of th is k in d o f f o od. F or i n sta nce, o nce p eo ple h av e g ain ed a d eq uate k no w le d ge
and a w are ness o f l ife -th re ati n g c ancer a nd o th er d is e ase s c ause d b y o vere ati n g
fa st f o od, th ey w ill c urb th e c o nsu m pti o n o f j u nk f o od th at m ig ht p ose s e rio us
th re ats to th eir h ealth . S eco nd ly , e d ucati o n a b out n utr iti o n d ie ts a t s c ho ol c an h elp
to f o rm h ealth y e ati n g h ab its f o r c hild re n a t th eir c hild ho od. T his c an p ro m ote
ackno w le d gm ent o f th e b enefits o f h ealth y d ie ts a nd w arn th em a gain st th e
pote nti a l r is k s o f f a st f o od.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th ere a re m any a rg um ents a gain st th e e d ucati o n m eth o d, I
fir m ly b elie v e th at e d ucati o nal m easu re p la ys a v ita l r o le to m iti g ate j u nk f o od
co nsu m pti o n a nd d ete r th e p ro ble m f r o m b ein g e xacerb ate d f u rth er.
315 w ord s
123

SA M PL E 4 7
Tele vis io n is d angero us b eca use it d estr o ys f a m ily lif e a nd a ny s e nse o f
co m munit y ; in ste ad o f v is it in g o r t a lk in g w it h o ur f a m ily w e j u st w atc h T V.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n.
It i s g enera lly b elie v ed b y m any p eo ple th at te le v is io n i s th e r o ot o f p eo ple ’s
se clu sio n f r o m th eir f a m ily a nd s o cie ty . P ers o nally , I c o m ple te ly d is a gre e w ith
th is p oin t o f v ie w f r o m e v ery p ers p ecti v e.
Fir s tl y , I w ould a rg ue th at T V c o uld a ct a s a p ow erfu l to ol to e nhance f a m ily
bond in g. A s a m atte r o f f a ct, a d ev elo ped w orld l e ad s m odern c iti z e ns to a h ecti c
life sty le , h ence th e d ete rio ra ti o n i n f a m ily i n te ra cti o ns, i n o th er w ord s,
in d iv id uals , e sp ecia lly i n m etr o polita n c iti e s, h ard ly h av e ti m e f o r th eir f a m ily
mem bers . T here fo re , f a m ily b ond in g ti m e, w atc hin g T V a fte r d in nin g, f o r i n sta nce,
sh o uld b e r e se rv ed to f ill th is g ap o ut a s w hen i ts m em bers g ath er d aily f o r a
desig nate d ti m e, c o m munic ati o ns a nd f a m ily r e la ti o nsh ip s w ill b e s tr e ngth ened .
Furth erm ore , w atc hin g T V to geth er a llo w s p are nts to i n te ra ct a nd e xchange i d eas
with th eir o ffs p rin g a b out s o cia l i s su es, w hic h i s a n e ffe cti v e w ay o f
co m munic ati o n to a lle v ia te g enera ti o n g ap .
Seco nd ly , I b elie v e th at T V h as e m pow ere d i n d iv id uals to a cq uir e m ore
kno w le d ge a b out th eir c o m munity th an e v er b efo re . I n f a ct, e v ery a sp ect o f l ife ,
la te st n ew s a b out s p ort, e d ucati o n o r c rim in als , f o r e xam ple , i s c o nsta ntl y u p date d
in m any T V c hannels w hic h f a cilita te s p eo ple a c lo se r l o ok a t h o w th eir s o cie ty
re ally i s . T his e asy a ccessib ility e q uip s p eo ple w ith s u ffic ie nt i n fo rm ati o n, th us,
th ey a re m ore a w are o f th e p ro ble m s l y in g w ith in th eir s o cie ty . T akin g s o uth -
centr a l V ie tn am a s a n e xam ple , m any s e rio us f lo ods h ap pen a ll y ear r o und ,
nati o nal T V p ro gra m s k eep v ie w ers i n fo rm ed o n a d aily b asis ; h ence th ey c an
le nd a h elp in g h and to w ard s th eir c o m munity .
In c o nclu sio n, a s th e tw o a naly ze d r e aso ns a b ove, I s tr o ngly d is a gre e w ith th e i d ea
th at T V v ie w ers a re d rifti n g a w ay f r o m th eir l iv es b ecause o f th e s e rv ic e i t o ffe rs .
281 w ord s
124

SA M PL E 4 8
In s o m e c o untr ie s, a f e w p eople e arn e xtr e m ely h ig h s a la rie s. S om e p eople
th in k t h at t h is is g ood f o r a c o untr y , w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at t h e g overn m ent
sh ould c o ntr o l s a la rie s a nd lim it t h e a m ount p eople c a n e arn
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple b elie v e th at r e sid ents h av in g e xtr e m ely w ell- p aid j o bs a re m akin g
th eir c o untr ie s b ette r, w here as o th ers th in k th at r e m unera ti o n s h o uld b e c o ntr o lle d
and l im ite d s tr ic tl y b y th e a uth o riti e s. I n m y o pin io n, I e nd ors e th e l im itl e ss
am ount p eo ple c an e arn .
On th e o ne h and , n ati o ns d eriv e g re at b enefits f r o m c iti z e ns w ho a re p aid a t h ig h
sa la ry l e v el. I t i s th e f a ct th at th e m ore p eo ple c an e arn th e m ore ta xati o n i s p aid .
Thus, G overn m ent i n co m es w hic h a re m akin g a n o uts ta nd in g c o ntr ib uti o n to
bud geti n g f o r p ub lic i n fr a str u ctu re c o nstr u cti o n, e d ucati o n s y ste m , h ealth care
sy ste m o r o th er s o cia l s e rv ic es w ill i n cre ase s ig nific antl y i f th ere i s a r e aso nab le
ris e i n th e n um ber o f e m plo yees e arn in g h ig h s a la rie s. T here fo re , r e sid ents ’ l ife
beco m es f a cilita te d s in ce p ub lic s e rv ic es a re m ore i n v este d b y th e a uth o riti e s.
How ev er, th ere i s a n o bvio us d ra w back o ccurrin g a s a c o nse q uence o f r a is in g
sa la rie s. P arti c ula rly , th e g ap b etw een th e p oor a nd th e r ic h g ro w s a nd s o cia l
eq uity i s n o t g uara nte ed .
On th e o th er h and , c o ntr o llin g a nd l im iti n g th e a m ount p eo ple c an e arn b rin g
co m munity a n u nd enia b le a d vanta ge w hic h i s th e e lim in ati o n o f w ealth g ap . T he
gap w ill b e n arro w ed i f c iti z e ns a re p aid a t s im ila rly d esig ned l e v els o f s a la ry . I t
re su lts i n e nsu rin g s o cia l e q uality . N ev erth ele ss, th is l e ad s to a r e d ucti o n o f
work in g p ro ducti v ity b ecause h ig h r e m unera ti o n i s o ne o f th e m ost c ru cia l f a cto rs
affe cti n g w ork ers ’ m oti v ati o n. T his n o t o nly h as a d etr im enta l e ffe ct o n w ork in g
enth usia sm b ut a ls o m ake e m plo yees d is sa ti s fie d w hen th ey th in k th at th ey m ay
dese rv e a h ig her l e v el o f s a la ry th an a l im ite d o ne.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th ere a re a d vanta ges a nd d is a d vanta ges u nd er b oth
afo re m enti o ned v ie w s, i t s e em s to m e th at th e p ub lic s e cto rs s h o uld n o t c o ntr o l
sa la rie s a nd a llo w r e sid ents e arn th e a m ount th ey d ese rv e.
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125

Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
Over 4 0 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 3 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
126

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
127

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1

128

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 4 0 H ig h Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 3 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
40 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
129

SA M PL E 1
Young p eople w ho c o m mit c rim es s h ould b e t r e ate d t h e s a m e a s a dult s w ho
co m mit c rim es. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s a rg ued th at s a m e p unis h m ents s h o uld b e a p plie d to b oth y o ung c rim in als a nd
ad ults w ho c o m mit o ffe nse s. I n m y o pin io n, I a gre e w ith th is p oin t o f v ie w o nly i f
th e c rim e i s s e rio us.
There a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy i t i s w ro ng to i m pose th e s a m e p unis h m ents o n
both a d ole sc ent a nd a d ult c rim in als . F ir s tl y , p erh ap s y o ung p eo ple c o uld o nly
co m mit m in o r c rim es, a nd th is c ause s v ery l ittl e d am age to s o cie ty . I t i s b ette r to
se nd th em b ack to f a m ily o r s c ho ol f o r r e hab ilita ti o n. S eco nd ly , th ey a re n o t
matu re e no ugh to u nd ers ta nd th at th eir m is b ehav io rs c o uld h av e n egati v e i m pacts
on th e s o cie ty , a nd th ese b ehav io rs o fte n c o m e f r o m p eer p re ssu re s. F or e xam ple ,
th o se w ho s u ffe r f r o m s c ho ol d is c ip lin e p ro ble m s, s u ch a s b ully , a re f o rc ed b y
th eir b ullie rs to p urs u e i lle galiti e s s u ch a s r o bbin g o r s te alin g w hic h c an e xert
se rio us e ffe cts to o th ers .
How ev er, I w ould a rg ue th at s tr ic t p unis h m ents l ik e p ris o n s e nte nces s h o uld b e
im pose d o n y o ung o ffe nd ers w ho c o m mit d angero us c rim es. T his i s b ecause o nly
su ch p unis h m ents c o uld d em onstr a te to th e a d ole sc ents th at h ein o us a cti o ns w ill
hav e c o nse q uences, a nd th is c an h elp to d is p el a ny i d eas o f c o m mitti n g c rim es o f
yo ung p eo ple i n c o m muniti e s. I n s o m e c o untr ie s, V ie tn am f o r e xam ple , y o ung
offe nd ers a ged b elo w e ig hte en w ill b e p ut o n p ro bati o n, e v en i f th ey c o m mit a
se rio us c rim e s u ch a s m urd er. A s a r e su lt, th e n um ber o f y o ung p eo ple w ho b re ak
th e l a w i n V ie tn am h as b een i n cre asin g r a p id ly . T here fo re , i t i s n ecessa ry f o r
go vern m ents to i m ple m ent a p olic y o f z e ro to le ra nce to d angero us c rim es
re gard le ss o f th e a ges.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at j u v enile o ffe nd ers w ho c o m mit d angero us
crim es s h o uld d ese rv e s a m e tr e atm ents a s a d ults .
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130

SA M PL E 2
In r e ce nt y ears, t h ere h as b een a c o nsid era ble r is e in c rim es c o m mit te d b y
young p eople in c it ie s. W hat h as c a use d t h is ? W hat s o lu tio ns c a n y ou
su ggest?
Recentl y , th e r is e o f c rim e a m ong y o ung p eo ple i s a n u rg ent p ro ble m i n u rb an
are as a ro und th e w orld . T here a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns b ehin d th is i s su e a nd
se v era l s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e p ro pose d to h and le th is p ro ble m .
There a re tw o p rim ary c ause s o f th e r is e i n c rim es c o m mitte d b y th e y o uth . O ne
re aso n i s th at d ru gs a nd a lc o ho l to day a re c o m monly s o le w ith l o w p ric es th at
enab le y o ung p eo ple to b uy a nd u se th em . I t i s u nd enia b le th at p eo ple c o uld e asily
lo se c o ntr o l b ecause o f o ver-u se d d ru gs a nd a lc o ho l. F or e xam ple , s tr e et f ig hts
are c o m monly w itn esse d o uts id e o f b ars a nd c lu b s i n V ie t N am . A no th er r e aso n i s
th at n o w ad ays c hild re n l e arn a cad em ic s u b je cts o nly r a th er th an h av e m ora l a nd
so cia l c la sse s. F or e xam ple , th e p re ssu re o f m ark s, w hic h u su ally c am e f r o m
pare nts , f o rc e c hild re n to s tu d y h ard er i n o rd er to a chie v e h ig h s c o re s. A s a r e su lt,
stu d ents w ill n o t h av e e no ugh ti m e to l e arn a b out n egati v e i m pacts o f d ru gs a nd
ho w to a v oid th em .
How ev er, m easu re s m ust b e ta ken b y g o vern m ents to h and le th is p ro ble m . F ir s tl y ,
we s h o uld c re ate a s tr ic te r s y ste m o f p enalti e s a nd p unis h m ents to d ete r y o ung
peo ple f r o m th e l ife o f c rim e. A r e cent r e se arc h c o nd ucte d b y D antr i, a w ell-
kno w n n ew sp ap er i n V ie tn am , s h o w s th at c o untr ie s th at h av e ti g hte r l a w s h av e
lo w er c rim es r a te th an th e o th ers . S eco nd ly , s c ho ols m ust p ro vid e c hild re n w ith
mora l v alu es s u ch a s to le ra nce a nd s h arin g. F or i n sta nce, w e c o uld r e d uce th e
am ount o f ti m e th at c hild re n s p ent o n s tu d yin g m ath o r c hem is tr y , a nd f ill i n w ith
so m e p ra cti c al c o urs e s. T his c o uld r a is e a w are ness a b out c rim es a m ong s tu d ents ,
as a r e su lt, c rim es r a te i s m ore l ik ely to b e r e d uced .
In c o nclu sio n, v ario us m easu re s c an b e ta ken to ta ckle th e i n cre ase i n y o uth c rim es
ra te .
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SA M PL E 3
Many s tu dents h ave t o s tu dy s u bje cts w hic h t h ey d o n ot lik e. S om e p eople
th in k t h is is a c o m ple te w aste o f t im e. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is
sta te m ent?
It i s tr u e th at i n s c ho ols o r u niv ers iti e s m ost o f th e s tu d ents a re o blig ate d to s tu d y
th e s u b je cts th at th ey d o n o t l o ve. W hile I a ccep t th at th is i s a c o m ple te w aste o f
ti m e f o r s o m e p eo ple , I b elie v e th at o th ers a re r e ad y to s p end th eir ti m e s tu d yin g
all th e s u b je cts r a th er th an o nly c o ncentr a ti n g o n th eir f a v orite s u b je cts .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy p eo ple s h o uld p urs u e o nly th e
su b je cts w hic h th ey a re k een o n. O ne r e aso n i s th at m any o pportu niti e s a re g iv en
to th o se w ho d ev ote th eir w ho le ti m e to s h arp enin g th e a sp ects w hic h th ey
co nsid er m ore i m porta nt. A s tu d ent w ho d oes n o t h av e o uts ta nd in g a chie v em ents
in l ite ra tu re m ay w in th e h o no r p riz e i n a n ati o nal o r e v en g lo bal p hysic al
co m peti ti o n. F urth erm ore , s p end in g ti m e p ra cti c in g w hate v er p eo ple l ik e i n
genera l a nd s tu d yin g f a v ourite s u b je cts , i n p arti c ula r, i s r e ally i n tr ig uin g a nd m ig ht
be c o m pare d w ith d oin g a h o bby. T his c o uld r e su lt i n m enta l s a ti s fa cti o n.
On th e o th er h and , s tu d ents h av e d iffe re nt r e aso ns w hen tr y in g to s tu d y a ll
co m puls o ry s u b je cts . F ir s tl y , e v ery s u b je ct c o nv eys d efin ite k no w le d ge. T he m ore
fie ld s p eo ple s tu d y, th e m ore g enera l c o m pete nce l ife th ey m ay g et. I n f a ct, th ere
hav e b een a g re at n um ber o f s tu d ents s tu d yin g a t a u niv ers ity w hic h h e o r s h e
cho ose s a t th e s a m e ti m e a no th er u niv ers ity w hic h h is o r h er f a m ily w ants th o ugh
he o r s h e d oes n o t l ik e a t a ll. S eco nd ly , s tu d yin g u nfa v ourite s u b je cts c o uld tr a in
stu d ents p ati e nce i n o rd er th at th ey m ig ht e asily o verc o m e u nav oid ab le o bsta cle s
in th eir p ro sp ecti v e a ges.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at s tu d yin g u nfa v ourite s u b je cts c an b e a to ta l
waste o f ti m e f o r a l a rg e n um ber o f s c ho ols o r u niv ers iti e s s tu d ents b ut th is i s b y
no m eans th e c o m ple te w asta ge o f ti m e f o r e v ery s tu d ent w ho a lw ays m akes g re at
effo rts to b eco m e p erfe ct p eo ple .
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SA M PL E 4
Som e p eople t h in k t h at p are nts s h ould t e ach c h ild re n h ow t o b e g ood
mem bers o f s o cie ty . O th ers, h ow ever, b elie ve t h at s c h ool is t h e p la ce t o le arn
th em .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e b est p la ce to te ach c hild re n to b e a g o od
pers o n, i n s c ho ol o r a t h o m e. W hile th ere a re s o m e b enefits to l e arn b ehav io rs a nd
atti tu d es a t s c ho ol, I b elie v e th at f a m ily p la ys th e m ain r o le i n c hild re n e d ucati o n.
On th e o ne h and , th e s c ho ol c an b e a g o od p la ce f o r c hild re n to l e arn b oth
acad em ic k no w le d ge a nd s o cia l s k ills , h elp in g th em d ev elo p f u lly i n te rm s o f
menta l a nd p hysic al a sp ects . I t i s u nd enia b le th at te achers p ro vid e f r o m b asic to
ad vanced k no w le d ge o f a ll s u b je cts . B y d oin g p ra cti c es a t s c ho ol, c hild re n m ig ht
esta b lis h a nd i m pro ve a w id e r a nge o f s k ills s u ch a s w ork in g i n d ep end entl y a nd
co lla b ora ti v ely , p re se nta ti o n s k ill, th e s k ill o f f in d in g a nd a naly zin g i n fo rm ati o n.
More o ver, th e s c ho ol i s a s m all e nv ir o nm ent o f a v ery l a rg e s o cie ty w here
child re n a re ta ught o n h o w to b ehav e w ith te achers a nd o th er s tu d ents i n s o cia lly
accep te d m anners . W hen th ey l e av e s c ho ol, th eir k no w le d ge a nd s k ills w ill h elp
th em i n d oin g a j o b w ell. I t c an, th ere fo re , b e a rg ued th at s c ho ol e d ucati o n s h o uld
gain m ore a tte nti o n f r o m th e g enera l p ub lic a s i t f u lly p re p are s c hild re n w ith
re le v ant s k ills u se fu l f o r th eir a d ult l ife , h elp in g th em b eco m e g o od c iti z e ns.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s e v en m ore i m porta nt to p re p are f o r c hild re n e sse nti a l
kno w le d ge i n m any a sp ects o f l ife w hic h c an o nly b e a cq uir e d a t h o m e. P are nts
are u su ally th e f ir s t te achers w ho g uid e th eir c hild re n f r o m th e b egin nin g s te p s.
Child re n l e arn f r o m th eir p are nts ’ b ehav io rs a nd a tti tu d es r ig ht a fte r th ey w ere
born s o th e f a m ily h as s ig nific ant i n flu ences o n f o rm in g th eir c hara cte ris ti c s. F or
exam ple , m y m oth er o fte n ta kes p art i n c harity a cti v iti e s b ecause s h e s u p pose s th at
sh e h as a h uge f o rtu ne to h av e a ll c urre nt d egre e o f s u ccess a nd h ap pin ess s h e
wants b ut th o usa nd s o f p eo ple o ut th ere a re l e ss l u cky. B y c o ntr a st, th ere a re
th o usa nd s o f p eo ple o ut th ere a re l e ss l u cky th an s h e i s , a nd th ey d o n o t h av e
su ffic ie nt f o od to e at a nd c lo th es to w ear. H er th o ughts i n sti ll i n to m y p sy che a nd
su p port m e to d o a s m any v olu nte ers w ork a s I c an. L ife a lw ays h as c halle nges
and r e w ard s, a nd p are nts s h o uld b e b esid e a nd te ach th eir c hild re n o n h o w to d eal
with d iffic ulti e s.
In c o nclu sio n, I u nd ers ta nd w hy p eo ple m ig ht c o nsid er s c ho ol i s th e p la ce to te ach
133

child re n to b e g o od i n d iv id uals o f s o cie ty , b ut i t s e em s to m e th at f a m ily i s a m uch
more i m porta nt e nv ir o nm ent to b uild k ey c hara cte ris ti c s f o r a n a d ult l ife .
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134

SA M PL E 5
Som e p eople t h in k t h at it is g ood f o r a c o untr y ’s c u lt u re t o im port f o re ig n
movie s a nd T V p ro gra m mes. O th ers t h in k t h at it is b ette r t o p ro duce t h ese
lo ca lly . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Now ad ays, p eo ple c an a ccess a l o t o f e nte rta in m ents s u ch a s f ilm s a nd T V
channels . W hile a c o untr y m ay b enefit f r o m m akin g i ts o w n p ro gra m mes, I w ould
arg ue/p ro ve th at i t i s a d vis a b le to i m port th o se m ed ia /g enre s f r o m a b ro ad .
There a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy p ro ducers s h o uld c re ate c ultu ra lly r e le v ant/ r e la te d
pro gra m mes. F ir s tl y , i t w ould b e a g o od w ay o f p re se rv in g a nd c o nv eyin g th e
nati o nal c hara cte r/h erita ge to th e p ub lic . S om e h is to ric al d ra m as s e em in gly
in tr o duce a w id e r a nge o f th e c o untr y ’s i m porta nt l a nd m ark s. W hen i n d iv id uals /
th e n ati o nals e njo y/s e e th o se f ilm s, th ey n o t o nly g ain u se fu l i n fo rm ati o n a b out
th eir n ati o n’s h is to ry b ut a ls o d eliv er th ese c ultu ra l v alu es to e v en f o re ig ners .
Seco nd ly , m akin g l o cal p ro ducti o n w ith th e a im o f m eeti n g p eo ple ’s d em and a ls o
brin gs a c o untr y ’s e nte rta in m ent i n d ustr y a n e co no m ic e ffic ie ncy. M ore
co nsu m pti o n i n a m use s l e ad s to a g re at/ tr e m end ous i n cre ase i n d om esti c
in co m e/th e n ati o nal p ro fit.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s a p pare ntl y m ore b enefic ia l to i m port f o re ig n p ro ducti o ns.
One p arti c ula r/s p ecific r e aso n i s th at i n te rn ati o nal p ro gra m mes a re c o nsid ere d a
means o f b ro ad enin g p eo ple ’s h o riz o n a b out s u rro und in g c o untr ie s. S om e c hannels
pre se nt E uro pean p are nta l te achin g a nd c arin g, w hic h h elp s c o up le s r a is e th eir
child re n p ro perly . T he o th er r e aso n i s th ese m ed ia a re th e p la ces/c hannels w here
re sid ents /n ati o nals /th e l o cals a re a b le to s tu d y f o re ig n l a nguages. S om e E nglis h
te achin g n etw ork s p ro vid e/ b rin g a b out a l o t o f p ra cti c al s k ills f o r/to l e arn ers a nd
as a r e su lt, th ere i s n o n eed f o r th em to g o a b ro ad to e xp lo re o th er n ati o n’s
la nguage a nd c ultu re .
For th e r e aso ns m enti o ned a b ove, i t s e em s to m e th at a n ati o n s h o uld tr a d e i n /le t
in te rn ati o nal p ro gra m mes i n to b rin g m ore b enefits /tr e m end ously b enefit [ to ] i ts
cultu re .
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135

SA M PL E 6
Som e r e ports h ave d is c o vere d t h e in cid ence o f v io le nce / c rim es c o m mit te d b y
young w om en is in cre asin g. G iv e p ossib le r e aso ns a nd r e co m mendatio ns t o
th e s it u atio n.
In r e cent y ears , i t i s a f a ct th at th e p ro porti o n o f y o ung w om en b re akin g l a w s a nd
hav in g v io le nt a cti o ns h as b een g ro w in g a t a n a la rm in g p ace. T here a re a d iv ers e
num ber o f r e aso ns w hic h c o uld e xp la in f o r th is p heno m eno n w ill b e p ut f o rw ard
befo re a f e w p ossib le s o lu ti o ns a re d ra w n.
The a fo re m enti o ned f a ct c o uld b e a sc rib ed to m any r e aso ns. A p rim ary r e aso n
co uld b e th e l o w q uality o f e d ucati o n. A t th eir y o ung a ges, th o se f e m ale s w ho
co m mitte d c rim es m ig ht n o t b e ta ught a b out m ora l a nd p olite b ehav io rs
ela b ora te ly . C onse q uentl y , y o ung w om en h av e a n i n clin ati o n o f b eco m in g
wro ngd oers . T here fo re , th e p erc enta ge o f j u v enile f e m ale d elin q uents w itn esse d a
sh arp i n cre ase . A no th er r e aso n e xp la in in g th is p heno m eno n c o uld b e th e e xis te nce
of g end er i n eq uality i n s o m e c o untr ie s. A n e xcelle nt e xam ple o f th is i s th at i n
Arg enti n a, a y o ung w om an s p ent m oney b uyin g a g un to s h o ot a g ro up o f m en
because o f p rio rity f o r m en i n th e c o m pany s h e w ork ed f o r. T his a cti o n r e su lts i n
many l o sse s o f l ife th at r e m in d p eo ple to i m ple m ent g end er e q uality .
Som e s o lu ti o ns c o uld b e a d opte d to ta ckle th e a fo re m enti o ned p ro ble m . A n
effe cti v e m easu re i s s e ekin g a w ay to e nhance th e q uality o f e d ucati o n f o r j u v enile
gir ls . W hat b oth f a m ilie s a nd s c ho ols s h o uld d o to s o lv e th is p heno m eno n i s
illu str a ti n g m ora l a nd b ehav io r l e sso ns f o r a d ole sc ent g ir ls . I n a d diti o n, g end er
eq uality l a w s s h o uld b e e nacte d . F or e xam ple , th e m anagers o f c o rp ora ti o ns
sh o uld g iv e p ro m oti o n o pportu niti e s f o r b oth m en a nd w om en. F ro m m y
pers p ecti v e, th is a cti o n c o uld m iti g ate th e n um ber o f y o ung w om en c o m mitti n g
crim e a nd v io le nce a cti o ns b ecause w om en m ay f e el th at th ey a re r e sp ecte d a nd
tr e ate d f a ir ly i n s o cie ty .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re m any c ause s w hic h c re ate th is p ro cliv ity . P ositi v e
measu re s, i n clu d in g i m pro vin g q uality o f e d ucati o n a nd i m ple m enti n g g end er
eq uality l a w s s h o uld b e a d opte d to a d dre ss th is s itu ati o n.
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136

SA M PL E 7
It is o bse rv ed t h at in m any c o untr ie s, n ot e nough s tu dents a re c h oosin g t o
stu dy s c ie nce s u bje ct.
What a re c a use s? A nd w hat w ill b e e ffe cts o n s o cie ty ?
Peo ple h o ld m yria d c o ncern s a b out th e i n su ffic ie nt n um ber o f s tu d ents , w ho a p ply
fo r s c ie nce s u b je cts i n s o m e c o untr ie s. T here a re s e v era l r e aso ns f o r th is tr e nd
and a n um ber o f d am agin g e ffe cts th at c o m e a lo ng w ith i t.
Perh ap s th e h ig h l e v el o f d iffic ulty o f th ese d is c ip lin es i s m ain ly g iv in g r is e to th is
pheno m eno n. S cie nce s u b je cts i n clu d e v ast a m ounts o f k no w le d ge, e lu siv e
co ncep ts , a nd th eo rie s, m any o f w hic h c o nfu se o r e v en f r ig hte n s tu d ents a t f ir s t
gla nce. S ub sta nti a lly , i t r e q uir e s b oth i n te llig ence a nd d ilig ence i n s tu d ents i n
ord er to f u lly c o m pre hend th ese c o nte nts . A no th er r a ti o nale i s s tu d yin g s c ie nce
dis c ip lin es i s a l o ng-te rm p ro cess th at d oes n o t o ffe r i m med ia te r e su lts . O th er
su b je cts , s u ch a s m usic o r a rts , h o w ev er, a re f o und to b e m ore a ttr a cti v e f o r
stu d ents . B esid es, th o se s u b je cts s e em to p ro vid e th em w ith m ore p ra cti c al
benefits , n am ely i n cre asin g th eir c o nfid ence, o r e xp and in g th eir s o cia l c ir c le s.
Turn in g to th e d ow nsid e o f th is g ro w in g tr e nd , th e s c arc ity o f h um an r e so urc es i n
th e f u tu re i s p erh ap s th e w ors t i m pact o n th e c o m munity . I f th is h ap pens, th o se
em plo yees w ith i n ad eq uate q ualific ati o ns w ill b e e ngaged i n h ig h d em and in g
work s. A s a c o nse q uence, i t w ill d etr im enta lly a ffe ct th e d ev elo pm ent o f s c ie nce
and te chno lo gy. F urth erm ore , th e s ta ff c ris is m ig ht r e su lt i n s y ste m c o rru p ti o n
am ong th e s o cie ty , a s p eo ple w ould s e ek f o r b rib in g w ith th e a im o f a cq uir in g a
hig h p ositi o n a nd e ffo rtl e ss j o b.
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th e r o ot c ause o f w hy th e m ajo rity o f s tu d ents d o n o t
pre fe r s c ie nce s u b je cts i s th eir s u p erfic ia l v is io n; A nd th e n egati v e i m pact o f th is
tr e nd w ould m ain ly b e th e l a ck o f q ualifie d e m plo yees th at m ig ht o ccur i n th e
fu tu re .
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137

SA M PL E 8
Crim e r a te , in m ost c o untr ie s, is o fte n h ig her in u rb an a re as t h an in r u ra l
are as.
Why d o y ou t h in k t h at is ?
What c a n b e d one t o r e duce t h e c rim e r a te ?
It i s tr u e th at th e c rim e r a te h as b een i n cre asin g i n a l o t o f a re as, w hic h r e q uir e s
diffe re nt a p pro aches i n d ealin g w ith th is p heno m eno n. G iv en th at th e c rim e l e v el
is h ig her i n m etr o polita n a re as th an i t i s i n r u ra l a re as. I d enti fy in g th e r e aso ns
behin d th is p atte rn i s th e k ey to f in d in g th e s o lu ti o ns.
There a re a n um ber o f f a cto rs f o r th e e xis te nce o f th is tr e nd . F ir s t, s in ce u rb an
dis tr ic ts a re m ore e th nic ally d iv ers e th an r u ra l o nes, th e l ik elih o od o f c o nflic ts
le ad in g to c rim e a m ong p eo ple w ith d iffe re nt v alu es a nd b elie f s y ste m i s h ig her.
For e xam ple , th e m ore s e v ere l a ck o f f a m ilia rity a nd m utu al u nd ers ta nd in g a m ong
in d iv id uals i n u rb an a re as c an g et p eo ple /th em i n to u nnecessa ry f ig hts , w hic h
pote nti a lly l e ad s to c rim e. S eco nd , i n m etr o polita n z o nes, p eo ple h av e to c o m pete
fo r l im ite d o pportu niti e s a nd s c arc e r e so urc es d ue to th e o verc ro w ded p opula ti o n.
To p ut i t s im ply , th o se w ho c anno t c o m pete w ith o th er f e w s u ccessfu l, e v en p etty
ones, w ould h av e a g re ate r te nd ency to c o m mit c rim es, j u st to m ake/e arn a l iv in g.
By u nd ers ta nd in g a fo re m enti o ned r e aso ns, g o vern m ents a nd a uth o riti e s c an ta ke
so m e s te p s to c o ntr o l th e c rim e r a te . T o d eal w ith th e e th nic ally d iv ers e p ro ble m ,
lo cal o ffic ia ls s h o uld o rg aniz e m ore s o cio cultu ra l a cti v iti e s a nd g ath erin gs to
im pro ve i n te rp ers o nal r e la ti o nsh ip s a s w ell a s r e so lv e a ny e xis te nt c o nflic ts . F or
exam ple , T oro nto i s th e m ost m ulti c ultu ra l c ity i n th e w orld w ith c rim e r a te a m ong
th e l o w est th anks to s u ch a cti v iti e s a nd c ultu ra l e v ents , w hic h e nhance c iti z e n’s
aw are ness. F urth erm ore , w hen i t c o m es to th e h ig h l e v el o f c rim e c o m mitm ent,
enfo rc in g s tr ic te r p unis h m ents , s u ch a s a n e xtr e m ely e xp ensiv e f e e f o r a c rim in al
case , w ould d is c o ura ge p eo ple f r o m c o m mitti n g a c rim e. F or i n sta nce, i f th e c o sts
of b re akin g th e l a w w ere m uch h ig her, e v ery p ote nti a l c rim in al w ould th in k tw ic e,
hence r e su lti n g i n c rim e d ed ucti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, c ultu ra l d iv ers ity a nd o verp opula ti o n c an e xp la in th e h ig her c rim e
ra te i n u rb an d is tr ic ts th an r u ra l o nes. B y f o cusin g o n th e d iffe re nces a m ong
peo ple a nd th e l a w , c rim e r a te s i n e ith er c iti e s o r c o untr ie s w ould d eclin e.
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139

SA M PL E 9
It is m ore im porta nt f o r s c h ool c h ild re n t o le arn a bout lo ca l h is to ry t h an w orld
his to ry . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
His to ry h as p la yed a n i n te gra l r o le i n th e c ultu ra l d ev elo pm ent o f m ost n ati o ns i n
th e w orld . M any a d vocate th at th e y o ung s h o uld s tu d y l o cal h is to ry b ecause i t i s
more b enefic ia l th an w orld h is to ry . F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I to ta lly d is a gre e w ith
th is i d ea s in ce b oth o f th e l o cal h is to ry a nd th e w orld h is to ry a re e q ually e sse nti a l.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy c hild re n n eed to l e arn a b out th e
lo cal h is to ry . O ne r e aso n i s th at b y v ir tu e o f c o m in g u p w ith th e n ati o nal h is to ry ,
yo ungste rs a re r e m in d ed a b out r e so und in g a nd g lo rio us h is to ry . F or e xam ple , i n
Vie tn am , th e p re v io us g enera ti o n h as e xp erie nced a v arie ty o f w ars a nd s a crific e
sig nific antl y to p ro te ct th e f r e ed om o f th is n ati o n. A no th er r e aso n i s th at b y n o
means c an y o ung p eo ple r e sp ect th e o rig in a nd c o re v alu es w hic h e xis te d
th o usa nd s o f y ears i n th eir n ati o n i f th ey d o n o t s e arc h f o r l o cal h is to ry . N ot o nly
mig ht th ey b ro ad en th eir o w n k no w le d ge b ut th ey a re a ls o i n sp ir e d to e nd eav or
th eir b est a nd l iv e u p to th e e xp ecta ti o n o f th e f o re fa th er.
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at w e s h o uld n o t l e sse n th e e m phasis o n th e w orld
his to ry . F ir s tl y , th e g lo baliz a ti o n tr e nd i s g ro w in g r e m ark ab ly s o i t i s l o gic al th at
th e y o ung m ust h av e th e r e m ark ab le u nd ers ta nd in g o f n um ero us e th nic g ro up s a nd
tr a d iti o ns a ll o ver th e w orld . B y d in t o f a rm in g w ith th e b ro ad er p ers p ecti v e,
peo ple c an f o rm th e m utu al k no w le d ge a b out th e o rig in s a nd th e p ast d ev elo pm ent
of o th er n ati o ns/c o untr ie s. F urth erm ore , m any ty p es o f r e se arc h a b out th e g lo bal
his to ry p ro vid e th e y o ung w ith a n o verv ie w o f th e r e la ti o nsh ip a m ong n ati o ns a nd
ho w i n te rn ati o nal h is to ric al e v ents h ap pened , s u ch a s th e l ib era ti o n o f s la v e a nd
th e e nd o f c o lo nia lis m .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s o bvio us th at b oth l o cal h is to ry a nd w orld h is to ry b rin g m any
benefits f o r s tu d yin g.
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SA M PL E 1 0
As m ost p eople s p end a m ajo r p art o f t h eir a dult lif e a t w ork , j o b s a tis fa ctio n
is a n im porta nt e le m ent o f in div id ual w ellb ein g.
What f a cto rs c o ntr ib ute t o j o b s a tis fa ctio n?
How r e alis tic is t h e e xpecta tio n o f j o b s a tis fa ctio n f o r a ll w ork ers?
In th e m odern w orld w here th e l iv in g s ta nd ard i s c o nsta ntl y i n cre asin g a nd w ork -
life b ala nce i s g etti n g h ard er to m ain ta in , p eo ple n eed e njo ym ent a t w ork to
beco m e a m enta lly h ealth y i n d iv id ual o f th e s o cie ty . I t i s tr u e to s a y th at i n co m e,
work in g e nv ir o nm ent a nd p assio n a re th e k ey d ete rm in ants o f j o b s a ti s fa cti o n. F or
diffe re nt p ro fe ssio ns, e xp ecta ti o ns i n th e l is te d f a cto rs a re v arie d , b ut I b elie v e
th at s a ti s fa cti o n i s o nly a n u nachie v ab le d re am f o r th e m ajo rity o f w ork ers .
Fir s t, i t i s a rg ued th at th e m ain r e aso n f o r p eo ple to g o to w ork e v ery d ay i s
re m unera ti o n. I n f a ct, e m plo yees d em and a n a p pro pria te s a la ry f r o m th e
org aniz a ti o ns a nd w ill c o nsid er c hangin g th eir c are er p ath o nce a b ette r-
co m pensa te d p ositi o n b eco m es a v aila b le . O bvio usly , a h ig her p aid w ork er w ill
be m ore s a ti s fie d th an s o m eo ne w ith l o w er p ay r a te . S eco nd ly , a p ositi v e w ork in g
atm osp here w ill r e d uce th e p re ssu re o n e m plo yees, w hic h r e su lts i n a h ap py a nd
str e ss-fr e e c o m munity . A w ork p la ce w here e v ery o ne i s f r ie nd ly w ill e nco ura ge
peo ple to e njo y th eir w ork in g b asis . F in ally , h um an’s p assio ns a nd d esir e s a ls o
pla y a v ita l r o le i n a d elig htf u l c are er. F or i n sta nce, a n a rti s ti c p ers o n w ill f in d
pain ti n g m ore e nth usia sti c th an b ein g a n I T p ro fe ssio nal, w hile a h is to ry l o ver
will l iv e h is d re am o f b eco m in g a n a rc haeo lo gis t.
On th e o th er h and , i t i s n early i m possib le f o r a nyo ne to b e c o m ple te ly s a ti s fie d
with h is o r h er o ccup ati o n. T he tr u th i s , w ith a h ig h r e m unera ti o n c o m es a n
eno rm ous a m ount o f s tr e ss. A w ork er w ho i s c o nsta ntl y u nd er p re ssu re w ill n o t b e
sa ti s fie d w ith th eir p ositi o n, w hile a f le xib le j o b th at f u lfills w ork ers ’ p assio n
ofte n h as l o w w ages. I t s e em s th at h um an n atu re i s th e m ain o bsta cle f o r
em plo yees to a chie v e w ork in g d elig ht.
In c o nclu sio n, p eo ple a re s e ekin g s a ti s fa cti o n a t th eir w ork p la ce a s a d aily
moti v ati o n to w ork . T hre e m ain c o ntr ib uto rs to a s a ti s fy in g j o b a re a p pro pria te
co m pensa ti o n, p ositi v e w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent, a nd e nth usia sm . O n th e w ho le , I
belie v e h um an n atu re w ill h in d er o ur d esir e o f w ork in g s a ti s fa cti o n.
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142

SA M PL E 1 1
Som e p eople s a y t h at s u bje cts lik e a rts , m usic , d ra m a a nd c re ativ e w rit in g
are m ore b enefic ia l t o c h ild re n a nd t h ere fo re t h ey n eed m ore o f t h ese
su bje cts t o b e in clu ded in t h e t im eta ble . D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
It i s a rg ued th at s tu d ents m ust b e ta ught m ore l e sso ns l ik e a rts , m usic , d ra m a a nd
cre ati v e w riti n g i n th eir o ffic ia l ti m eta b le . W hile I a ccep t th at th ese s u b je cts h av e
multi p le b enefits , I b elie v e th at o nly th e i n b orn ta le nts s h o uld s p end m ore ti m e o n
th em .
On th e o ne h and , c re ati v e s u b je cts a re v ery b enefic ia l to s tu d ents . O ne r e aso n i s
th at th ese l e sso ns n o t o nly n urtu re a l o ve o f a rt i n c hild re n b ut a ls o m ake th em
more e m oti o nal, w hic h i s b elie v ed to b rin g i n d iv id uals a b rig ht f u tu re . I n f a ct,
so m e s c ie nti s ts s a y th at p eo ple w ith h ig h e m oti o nal q uo ti e nt h av e a te nd ency to b e
more s u ccessfu l i n th eir c are er. F urth erm ore , m usic , p ain ti n g, d ra m a, e tc a re k in d s
of p le asin g r e cre ati o n. T hey e ffe cti v ely h elp l e arn ers to r e lie v e s tr e ss a nd
pre ssu re f r o m a cad em ic s u b je cts .
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy w e s h o uld n o t s e t a sid e m ore
ho urs to te ach a rts . F ir s tl y , s c hed ule d l e sso ns h av e a lr e ad y e nhanced b oth c re ati v e
ab ility a nd a cad em ic a b ility . T here fo re , th ere i s n o n eed to b re ak th e b ala nce b y
ad din g m ore a rts e d ucati o n. S eco nd ly , b ecause n o t a ll s tu d ents a re s u p pose d to b e
arti s ts , th ey m ust b e g iv en th e r ig ht to c ho ose w hat th ey a re i n te re ste d i n . F or
exam ple , i t i s a w aste o f ti m e to a sk th e d eaf- to ne to h av e m ore m usic l e sso ns i f
th ey a re k een o n b io lo gy a nd m ath s o a s to b eco m e a d octo r w hile p eo ple h av in g a
fla ir f o r a rt c an g et m ore p ro fe ssio nal tr a in in g f r o m d ed ic ate d i n sti tu ti o ns a fte r
sc ho ol.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at a rts e d ucati o n i s v ery b enefic ia l to a ll
stu d ents , b ut I b elie v e th at th ere i s n o n eed to c hange s c ho ol c urric ulu m b y a d din g
more c re ati v e s u b je cts .
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MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
In th e m odern e d ucati o n, th ere a re m any c re ati v e s u b je cts a d ded to a ti m eta b le f o r
child re n d ue to th eir c erta in b enefits . W hile s o m e p eo ple c o nsid er th at s u b je cts
143

lik e a rts , m usic , d ra m a a nd c re ati v e w riti n g s h o uld b e s p ent m ore ti m e i n c la sse s,
oth ers a d vocate th at th ese a re n o t n ecessa ry . F ro m m y p oin t o f v ie w , th ere i s n o
need to i n cre ase th e d ura ti o n o f c la sse s f o cusin g o n th o se c o -c urric ula r s u b je cts .
Fir s t o f a ll, w hile c re ati v e s u b je cts l ik e a rts , m usic , d ra m a h av e th eir o w n p ow er
su ch a s e nric hin g c hild re n’s m enta l l ife , s ti m ula ti n g th eir c re ati v eness a nd h elp in g
th em to e sc ap e f r o m s tr e sse s, a cad em ic s u b je cts a re b elie v ed to b e m ore
necessa ry f o r c hild re n b ecause th ey p ro vid e v ita l k no w le d ge r e la te d to p eo ple ’s
daily l ife . F or e xam ple , a cad em ic s u b je cts l ik e m ath em ati c s, p hysic s, l ite ra tu re ,
la nguages o r b io lo gy h elp s tu d ents to k no w h o w to c alc ula te , m ake th em
und ers ta nd th e n atu ra l p heno m eno ns th at o ccur d aily a nd a ffe ct h um an l ife , te ach
th em h o w to c o m munic ate e ffe cti v ely . O th erw is e , th e s o cie ty n eed s m ore d octo rs ,
engin eers , l a w yers a nd w ork ers th an s in gers , a cto rs o r c o m pose rs b ase d o n th e
fa ct th at d em and s o f m ate ria l l ife r e la ti n g to h ealth , a cco m modati o n, f o od, c lo th es
need to b e s a ti s fie d b efo re f u lfillin g d em and s o f m enta l l ife r e la ti n g to m usic ,
movie s, n o vels a nd s o o n.
Furth erm ore , i f c o -c urric ula r s u b je cts o ccup y m ore ti m e i n th e ti m eta b le o f
sc ho ols , c hild re n w ho a re n o t ta le nte d i n a rti s ti c f ie ld s w ould b e p ut u nd er
pre ssu re b ecause w ell – s tu d yin g i n s u ch th o se a sp ects r e ally n eed s i n b orn ta le nt.
While s tu d yin g m ore a b out m usic , a rts , d ra m a a nd c re ati v e w riti n g te nd s to b e j u st
a w aste o f ti m e f o r u nta le nte d c hild re n, i t s e em s n o t to b e e no ugh f o r g ifte d o nes to
dev elo p th eir f u tu re c are ers w ith o ut b ein g tr a in ed c are fu lly a nd p ro fe ssio nally i n
sp ecifie d i n sti tu te s. I n f a ct, p eo ple a re e asie r to b eco m e g o od d octo rs , a d vanced
engin eers a nd s k illfu l w ork ers th an to b eco m e a f a m ous a rti s t l ik e L eo nard o D e
Vin ci o r a w ell – k no w n c o m pose r l ik e B eeth o ven j u st b y l e arn in g s e rio usly a nd
work in g h ard .
For th e r e aso ns m enti o ned a b ove, I b elie v e th at s u ch c re ati v e s u b je cts a s m usic ,
dra m a, a rts s h o uld b e a d ded to e d ucati o n p ro gra m s f o r s ti m ula ti n g c hild re n to
dev elo p c o m pre hensiv ely b ut th ey s h o uld n o t b e c o nsid ere d a s th e c ru cia l s u b je cts
whic h o ccup y m uch m ore ti m e i n c la sse s.
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SA M PL E 1 2
Now adays a nim al e xperim ents a re w id ely u se d t o d evelo p n ew m edic in es a nd
to t e st t h e s a fe ty o f o th er p ro ducts . S om e p eople a rg ue t h at t h ese
experim ents s h ould b e b anned b eca use it is m ora lly w ro ng t o c a use a nim als t o
su ffe r, w hile o th ers a re in f a vour o f t h em b eca use o f t h eir b enefit s t o
hum anit y .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n?
It i s tr u e th at m ed ic in es a nd o th er p ro ducts a re r o uti n ely te ste d o n a nim als b efo re
th ey a re c le are d f o r h um an u se . T here a re m any a rg um ents f o r a nd a gain st th e i d ea
of a nim al te sti n g f o r n ew d ru gs o r d om esti c p ro ducts , c ausin g p ub lic c o ntr o vers y.
Alth o ugh s o m e s u ggest th at a nim al s h o uld b e u se d f o r n ew p ro ducts te sti n g
because i t b enefits h um an, I a m i n clin ed to th e v ie w th at th ese e xp erim ents s h o uld
be b anned a s th ey a re e th ic ally u naccep ta b le , e xcep t f o r th e m ed ic al p urp ose .
Pro ponents o f th e f o rm er s ta nd poin t c la im th at i f a nim als w ere u se d i n l a b ora to ry
te sts , e sp ecia lly i n m ed ic al o nes, h ard ly a nyo ne w ill d ie o f s m allp ox, p olio o r
ra b ie s a nym ore . T his m eans th at v accin es w ould h elp to w ip e th em o ut, a nd
with o ut a nim al te sti n g, w e w ould n o t h av e v accin es. T here fo re w e n eed a nim al
exp erim ents to f in d v accin es a nd l e t s c ie nti s ts tr y o ut n ew m ed ic al te chniq ues,
su ch a s h eart tr a nsp la nts . F urth erm ore , th ey m ay a w are th at b y d oin g th ese te sts ,
so m e a nim al w ill g et h urt, o r e v en d ie , h o w ev er, i t s a v es th o usa nd s o f h um an
liv es, s o i t i s r e ally i m porta nt. T hese p oin ts c anno t b e r e co vere d b y a ny s u p port
fr o m a nim al - r ig hts a cti v is ts .
In a nim al – r ig hts a d vocate s p ers p ecti v e, a nim al’s e xp erie nce i n th e e xp erim ent
sh o uld b e b anned d ue to a nim al s u ffe rin g. T hey s u p pose th at a nim als h av e
fe elin gs, j u st l ik e h um ans, a nim als g et h ungry a nd th ir s ty a nd th ey f e el f e ar a nd
pain , s o th e l iv es o f a nim als s h o uld b e r e sp ecte d . I n a d diti o n, m any a nim al
exp erim ents a re p erfo rm ed f o r n o n-m ed ic al p ro ducts , i n clu d in g d om esti c o nes,
whic h i s m ora lly w ro ng a nd u nfa ir to p ut a nim al’s l iv es a t r is k f o r h um an w hile
th ere a re a lte rn ati v e n o n-a nim als m eth o ds o f te sti n g. F or i n sta nce, c o m pute riz e d
hum an - p ati e nt s im ula to rs a nd I n v itr o te sti n g, w hic h i s d efin ed a s a r e se arc h
usin g h um an c ells a nd ti s su e, c an b e u se d i n ste ad o f u sin g a nim als .
In c o nclu sio n, a nim al te sti n g s h o uld b e l im ite d a nd o nly u se d f o r m ed ic al p urp ose .
Govern m ents a nd a uth o riti e s s h o uld f o cus m ore o n d ev elo pin g n o n-a nim al
meth o ds a nd e nsu rin g a nim al r ig hts a s w ell a s h um an.
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146

SA M PL E 1 3
The s o cie ty w ould b enefit f r o m a b an o n a ll f o rm s o f a dvertis in g b eca use it
se rv es n o u se fu l p urp ose , a nd c a n e ven b e d am agin g. D o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e?
Today, i t c o m es a s n o s u rp ris e th at a d verti s e m ents c an b e s e en e v ery w here , f r o m
banners b ein g h ung u p o n th e s tr e et to a d verti s in g v id eo o n th e I n te rn et. M ost o f
th em a re v ery i r rita ti n g a nd s o m eti m es d etr im enta l to o. H ow ev er, I s u p pose th at
we j u st n eed to p ro hib it a nd r e gula te m ore s tr ic tl y s o m e k in d s o f a d verti s in g b ut
no t a ll o f th em .
There i s n o d enyin g th e f a ct th at th ere a re m ore a nd m ore f id dlin g a d verti s e m ents
prin te d o uts ta nd in gly o n n ew sp ap er o r d is tr ib ute d b y h and . T he d ev elo pm ent o f
in fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy m akes th e a v aila b ility o f s u ch a d verti s e m ent v ir a l. S om e
of th em , e sp ecia lly th o se w ith v io le nt o r s e xy i m agery , c an b e h arm fu l to th e
gro w th o f c hild re n i n te rm s o f p hysic s a nd m enta lity . F urth erm ore , th e m ajo rity o f
ad verti s e m ents te nd to e xaggera te th e q uality o f p ro ducts a nd o verlo ok th eir
dra w backs. F or i n sta nce, a ttr a cti v e v id eo s a b out a k in d o f s p ic y s n ack o r f a st f o od
can e asily i n cre ase p eo ple ’s a p peti te a nd m ake th em s k ip th e m ain m eals w hic h
are f a r m ore h ealth y.
How ev er, o nly b y c re ati n g e nchanti n g f o rm s o f a d verti s in g c an w e e nco ura ge
co nsu m ers ‘ p urc hase , b oost c o m pany’s r e v enue a nd e v entu ally l e ad to e co no m ic
dev elo pm ent. M ore o ver, f o rm al a d verti s e m ents , p arti c ula rly f r o m p re sti g e l a b els ,
mig ht p artl y d ir e ct c usto m ers to w hic h p ro ducts th ey a re m ore a p pro pria te w ith .
Then, th ey c an m ake a g o od c ho ic e o n th eir o w n.
There fo re , c o m pete nt a uth o riti e s s h o uld ta ke i m med ia te m easu re s to c o ntr o l th e
num bers a s w ell a s th e c o nte nt o f e ach a d verti s e m ent to e nsu re th at th ey r e p re se nt
th e tr u e q uality l e v el o f p ro duct a nd c usto m ers a re n o t d eceiv ed .
To w ra p u p , I a m i n f a v our o f l im ita ti o n a nd e nacti n g s tr in gent r e gula ti o ns to
ad verti s e m ents i n ste ad o f b annin g a ll k in d o f th em .
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147

SA M PL E 1 4
Som e p eople t h in k t h at g ood h ealt h is v ery im porta nt t o e very p erso n, s o
medic a l s e rv ic e s h ould n ot b e r u n b y p ro fit -m ak in g c o m panie s. D o t h e
advanta ges o f p riv ate h ealt h ca re o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges.
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out w heth er p riv ate c ente rs s h o uld o pera te
se rv ic es r e la te d to h ealth care d ue to th eir g re at c o ncern o ver th eir h ealth /w ell-
bein g b ecause th ey c o nsid er th at th e g o od m ed ic ati o n i s v ery c ru cia l f o r th em .
Alth o ugh th ere a re s o m e s h o rtc o m in gs o f a ccep ti n g/r u nnin g th e p riv ate h ealth care
sy ste m i n s o cie ty , I b elie v e th at i t i s b ette r to f a cilita te i t f o r s o m e b enefic ia l
re aso ns.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e d is a d vanta ges th at e lim in ate th e i m plic ati o ns o f
pro fit- b ase d c o m panie s o n th e p ub lic -h ealth s y ste m . F ir s tl y , th is i s o w in g to th e
im porta nt r e q uir e m ent o f e q ual tr e atm ent f o r p eo ple /e v ery o ne a s a b asic h um an
rig ht. A ny h ealth care b ase d o n th e p urp ose o f e arn in g p ro fit f r o m tr e atm ent f e e c an
dete r p eo ple to a ccess th e q uality o f m ed ic ati o n w hic h th ey d ese rv e. A s r e gard to
cancer tr e atm ent f o r e xam ple , b ecause o f p ro hib iti v e e xp end itu re s f o r th e
chem ic al a nd r a d io acti v e p ro cess, m ost c ancer p ati e nts w ith f in ancia l c o nstr a in t
canno t h av e/s ta nd a c hance to b e c ure d i n p riv ate h o sp ita ls . W ith o ut m oney, n o
charity o r f r e e-c harg ed tr e atm ent c an b e p erp etu ate d i n th ese p la ces. S eco nd ly , th e
sy ste m o f h ealth c are a im in g to g enera te p ro fit c an w id en th e g ap b etw een th e r ic h
and p oor. T his i s a ttr ib ute d to th e r e aso n th at p eo ple w ho h av e th e ti g hte r f in ance
fo r th e b est h ealth care a re m ore v uln era b le to d ecease th an p ro sp ero us c la ss, a nd
th us th ey a re l ik ely p oore r a nd p oore r.
On th e o th er h and , r e gard le ss o f f in ancia l b ackgro und , p eo ple a re r e sp onsib le f o r
th eir o w n h ealth c o nd iti o ns a nd th ey a ls o h av e th e r ig ht to c ho ose w hic h c arin g
se rv ic e th ey d esir e to a p ply f o r. I n th is r e sp ect, p riv ate s e rv ic es o bvio usly
pro vid e b ette r s u p port f o r p ati e nts . F or e xam ple , th ey c an h av e b enefite d f r o m f a st
tr e atm ent, w hic h m eans th ey n o l o nger h av e to w ait to o l o ng f o r a p poin tm ents o r
opera ti o ns. F urth erm ore , th ese p riv ate c ente rs f o r h ealth care c an c o lla b ora te w ith
sta te h o sp ita l to h elp th e p oor h av e a n a ccess to m odern f a ciliti e s o f h ealth care s o
th ey c an s ti ll b e tr e ate d w ith a ffo rd ab le c o sts . H ence, i n m y o pin io n, i n ste ad o f
bannin g o r p ro hib iti n g th e p riv ate s e cto r o f h ealth s e rv ic es, th ere s h o uld b e a
co opera ti o n o f p ro fit- m akin g h o sp ita ls a nd p ub lic h ealth c ente rs to a ssu re th at a ll
148

peo ple c an b e l o oked a fte r a t th e b est c o nd iti o ns.
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite th e w eaknesse s o f p ro fit- m akin g c o m panie s, i t s e em s to m e
th at h ealth c are f o r e v ery p ers o n s h o uld b e j u d ged ta kin g b oth p riv ate a nd p ub lic
sy ste m s i n to a cco unt.
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MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
It i s tr u e th at g o od h ealth c are s e rv ic es a re a f u nd am enta l n eed th at e v ery c iti z e n
dem and s. W hile th ere a re s o m e d ra w backs o f p riv ate h o sp ita ls , I s ti ll b elie v e th at
th ese w ill b e e clip se d b y th e b enefits .
On th e o ne h and , th e d ow nsid es o f p riv ate h ealth c are c anno t b e o verlo oked . A s a
matte r o f f a ct, p ati e nts m ay s u ffe r f r o m th e e xp ensiv e f e es f o r d ia gno sis a nd
tr e atm ent a s th e c o sts f o r p riv ate h o sp ita ls to m ain ta in s ta te -o f- th e-a rt f a ciliti e s
and e m plo y w ell- tr a in ed d octo rs a re e xtr e m ely e xo rb ita nt, w hic h d is c o ura ges th e
und erp riv ile ged f r o m e njo yin g q uality h ealth c are s e rv ic es. A s a r e su lt, o nly th e
afflu ent a re a b le to h av e a ccess to g o od h ealth c are b ut th o se w ho a lw ays s tr u ggle
to m ake a l iv in g c anno t a ffo rd i t. T his p ra cti c e g o es a gain st th e c o m mon b elie f th at
ev ery o ne, r e gard le ss o f f in ancia l b ackgro und , i s e nti tl e d to m ed ic al s e rv ic e.
On th e o th er h and , I s ti ll b elie v e th at th e d is a d vanta ges o f p riv ate c lin ic s c anno t
overs h ad ow th e a d vanta ges. P riv ate h ealth care c ente rs c an s h are r e sp onsib iliti e s
with s ta te h o sp ita ls i n ta kin g c are o f p eo ple ’s h ealth . W ith th e r a p id g ro w th o f
popula ti o n, p ub lic m ed ic al s e rv ic es a re u nab le to s o le ly p ro vid e s u ffic ie nt h ealth
care f o r a l a rg e n um ber o f p ati e nts . T here fo re , th e w id esp re ad p re se nce o f p riv ate
health care i n sti tu ti o ns w ith f a ciliti e s g re atl y m odern iz e d a nd d octo rs c are fu lly
tr a in ed n o t o nly s u p plie s p eo ple w ith h ig h-q uality p ro fe ssio nal tr e atm ent b ut a ls o
so lv es th e p ro ble m s o f o verlo ad ed p ub lic h ealth care s y ste m s. F or i n sta nce, a s th e
pub lic ly f u nd ed h ealth care s y ste m i n V ie tn am i s b eco m in g o verlo ad ed , th e
ap peara nce o f p riv ate h o sp ita ls s u ch a s P hap V ie t a nd H oan M y c an s h are
re sp onsib iliti e s f o r e asin g th e p re ssu re s o f s ta te h o sp ita ls .
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at th e a d vanta ges o f th e p re v ale nce o f p riv ate c lin ic s
outw eig h th e d is a d vanta ges.
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149

SA M PL E 1 5
Now adays p eople n orm ally s tr e tc h t h eir w ork h ours a nd g et s tr e sse d t h an
befo re . W hat a re t h e r e aso ns f o r t h is ? W hat c a n e m plo yers d o t o m ak e
people ’s lif e e asie r?
It i s tr u e th at m ore a nd m ore p eo ple a re e xp and in g th eir w ork in g h o urs a nd ( a re )
putti n g th em se lv es u nd er to o m uch p re ssu re . T here a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns f o r
th is p heno m eno n a nd s e v era l s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e a d opte d to s o lv e th e p ro ble m .
There a re tw o p rim ary r e aso ns w hy w ork ers n o w ad ays te nd to w ork e xtr a h o urs
and w hy p eo ple ’s l iv es a re b eco m in g s tr e ssfu l. F ir s tl y , i t i s d ue to th e h eav y
pre ssu re g iv en b y th e e m plo yers to f in is h th e p ro je cts o n ti m e. I f o ne p ers o n
doesn ’t f in is h th e w ork o n ti m e, i t m ay a ffe ct th e w ho le te am a nd l o w er th e
pro ducti v ity o f th e f ir m . A no th er r e aso n i s th e c o m peti ti v eness i n th e l a b or m ark et.
As th e s u p ply o f l a b or i s h ig her th an th e d em and , i t m eans th at e m plo yers c o uld b e
se le cti v e i n h ir in g th eir p ote nti a l e m plo yees. T he w ork ers c an b e l a id o ff a nyti m e
if th ey c anno t w ork e ffic ie ntl y . A s a r e su lt, th ey n eed to s e cure th e j o b b y s h o w in g
th eir b ette r p erfo rm ance a t w ork , a nd w ork in g e xtr a h o urs i s th e s o lu ti o n c ho se n
by m any p eo ple .
There a re s e v era l th in gs th at e m plo yers a nd e m plo yees c o uld d o to d eal w ith th e
pro ble m . M any p eo ple b elie v e th at e xerc is e s c o uld r e d uce s tr e ss l e v el a nd h elp
peo ple i n cre ase p ro ducti v ity a t w ork . T here fo re , m any c o m panie s a re p ro vid in g
fitn ess c ente r i n th eir o ffic e s o th at th eir s ta ff m em bers c an r e la x a fte r w ork a nd
help th em s u sta in th eir h ealth c o nd iti o n. A no th er s o lu ti o n to th is i s su e i s th at
em plo yees s h o uld s e t th em se lv es a ti m eta b le , o rd er th e w ork b ase d o n th eir
prio rity , f o cus o n th eir w ork , a v oid a nyth in g th at c an d is tu rb th em a t w ork to
in cre ase th e p ro ducti v ity a nd f in is h th e ta sk o n ti m e.
In c o nclu sio n, w ork in g e xtr a h o urs a nd g etti n g s tr e sse d a t w ork i s a b ig p ro ble m
fo r m any c o m panie s, a nd s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e i m ple m ente d u rg entl y to ta ckle th is
is su e.
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150

SA M PL E 1 6
Som e p eople s a y t h at a dvertis in g e nco ura ges u s t o b uy t h in gs t h at w e r e ally
do n ot n eed. O th ers s a y t h at a dvertis e m ents t e ll u s a bout n ew p ro ducts t h at
may im pro ve o ur liv es.
Whic h v ie w poin t d o y ou a gre e w it h ?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
Pro m oti o n o f n ew p ro ducts , p arti c ula rly i n a d verti s in g c am paig ns, h as b een
gain ed i n p opula rity o ver p ast f e w y ears , th anks to s o cia l m ed ia d ev elo pm ent.
Alth o ugh s o m e m ay a rg ue th at a d verti s in g o ffe rs c usto m ers a p ro m oti o n to
purc hase a l o t o f k in d s o f p ro ducts th at th ey a re n o t r e ally o n d em and , I p ers o nally
su p pose th at a d verti s e m ents w ould b rin g b enefits to b uyers w hen i t c o m es to
enhancin g p eo ple ’s a w are ness a b out n ew p ro ducts i n tr o ducti o n.
When s o m e p eo ple c la im th at b usin ess c o m panie s d esig n v ario us a d verti s e m ents
to a ttr a ct th eir c usto m ers a nd l e t th em b uy m ore , e ith er n ecessa ry p ro ducts o r
unnecessa ry o nes, th ey m ay n o t th in k th at p urc hasin g g o ods i s c usto m er’s r ig ht a nd
pro m oti n g p ro ducts i s b usin ess’s r e sp onsib ility . I n o th er w ord s, a d verti s in g m ay
no t th e f a cto r th at e nco ura ges p eo ple to b uy th in gs th ey d o n o t n eed . F urth erm ore ,
if m any a d verti s e m ents w ere d esig ned to i n tr o ducin g n ew p ro ducts , p eo ple w ould
hav e m ore c hances to g et k no w le d ge a b out a ny n ew p ro duct i n a d vance n o t o nly
its q uality b ut a ls o th e p ric e, w hic h w ill e nhance c usto m er’s s h o ppin g
exp erim ents .
Thro ugh a d verti s e m ent, p eo ple c an l e arn a b out n ew p ro ducts . F or e xam ple , m any
gro cery s to re s w ith g o od q uality n o w s e ll p re p ackaged l u nches, w hic h a re
ab so lu te ly c o nv enie nt f o r b usy p are nts b ecause th ey c an j u st g iv e th ese l u nches to
th eir c hild re n to ta ke to s c ho ol i n ste ad o f l e tti n g th em o n s to re s th em se lv es.
Furth erm ore , w ith o ut a d verti s e m ents , b usy p are nts m ay w aste o f ti m e l o okin g a t
ev ery i te m o n th e s to re s h elf a nd th ey m ig ht n o t k no w a b out s u ch a c o nv enie nt n ew
pro duct. I n a d diti o n, a d verti s e m ents k eep u s i n fo rm ed a b out p ric es a nd s a le s. T his
means th at, th o ugh p ric es c hange a ll th e ti m e, e v ery o ne c an l o ok a t th e p ie ces o f
ad verti s e m ent i n a n ew sp ap er a nd s e e th e l a te st p ric es a nd th e d is c o unt o nes.
In c o nclu sio n, a d verti s e m ents i m pro ve p eo ple l iv es b y k eep in g th em i n fo rm ed
ab out th e l a te st p ro ducts d ev elo pm ents a nd th e b est p ric es.
151

299 w ord s
152

SA M PL E 1 7
It is im porta nt f o r c h ild re n t o le arn t h e d if fe re nce b etw een r ig ht a nd w ro ng a t
an e arly a ge. P unis h m ent is n ece ssa ry t o h elp t h em le arn t h is d is tin ctio n.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
What s o rt o f p unis h m ent s h ould p are nts a nd t e ach ers b e a llo w ed t o u se t o
te ach g ood b ehavio r o f c h ild re n?
Im posin g p unis h m ents to c hild re n a t th e e arly a ge i s i m pera ti v e to f a cilita te th eir
rig ht b ehav io r a nd to p re v ent w ro ngd oin g, w hic h i s a p plie d b y a m yria d o f p are nts
all a ro und th e w orld . A lth o ugh i t c anno t b e d enie d th at p unis h m ent p la ys a n
in d is p ensa b le r o le i n n urtu rin g a c hild , n o t o nly th e c o m bin ati o n o f p unis h m ent a nd
re w ard in g b ut a ls o th e r ig ht s o rt o f p unis h m ent s h o uld n o t b e ta ken l ig htl y .
To b egin w ith , P unis h m ent a nd r e w ard in g s h o uld b e s im ulta neo usly u se d to e nsu re
th e i n te rn aliz a ti o n o f d is ti n guis h in g w ro ng a nd r ig ht b ehav io rs . S in ce m ost
child re n a re i n f a v or o f r e w ard in g n o t o nly m ate ria lly b ut a ls o m enta lly , i t a cts a s
an i n centi v e f o r th em to b ehav e e v en b ette r. F or e xam ple , o nce b ein g g iv en a n
ap pla use f o r h av in g s c hed ule d m eal, c hild re n a w are th at g o od b ehav io rs l in k to
re w ard in g, c o nse q uentl y , th ey te nd to r e p eat i t a fte rw ard . O n th e o th er h and ,
punis h m ents a ls o a ct a s a d ete rre nt to s to p c hild re n f r o m m is b ehav io rs . B y b ein g
punis h ed , c hild re n i n te rn aliz e w hat th ey a re n o t a llo w ed to d o, w hic h w ill d ete r
th em f r o m r e p eati n g th e s a m e i n ap pro pria te b ehav io urs .
How ev er, a lth o ugh p unis h m ent i s v ita lly i m porta nt to p re v ent m is d eed s, o nly l ig ht
punis h m ent i s e nco ura ged to u se f o r e arly a ge c hild re n. C orp ore al p unis h m ent a nd
sp ir itu al a nguis h m ust b e e xclu d ed f r o m c hild re n’s e d ucati o n s in ce c hild re n a t a n
early a ge a re s u sc ep ti b le to s e v ere p unis h m ents , c ausin g e ith er m enta l o r p hysic al
ago ny i n th e l o ng r u n. I n a d diti o n, th o se p unis h m ents m ay e v en c ause p ro no unced
co unte ra cti o n a s th e c hild w ould b eco m e m ore s tu b born a nd e v en c o m mit c rim e a t
th eir a d ole sc ence. M ild p unis h m ents , o n th e o th er h and , a re c o nd uciv e f o r
child re n to r e aliz e th eir f a ult.
In c o nclu sio n, c hild re n’s a w are ness o f th e d is ti n cti o n b etw een r ig ht a nd
wro ngd oin g i s r e lia nt to th e c o m bin ati o n o f s lig ht p unis h m ents a nd r e w ard in g.
Hav in g s a id th at, p are nts a nd te achers s h o uld b e c are fu l i n i m posin g p unis h m ent i n
ord er to e nsu re th e w ell- b ein g o f c hild re n.
153

304 w ord s
154

SA M PL E 1 8
E-m ail is n ow t h e e asie st w ay t o c o m munic a te w it h f a m ilie s a nd f r ie nds a ll
over t h e w orld . S om e p eople s a y t h at it d oes n ot h ave t h e s in ce rit y o f
handw rit te n le tte rs. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Em ail i s b eco m in g m ore p opula r a ro und th e w orld a nd i s r e p la cin g th e m ajo rity o f
tr a d iti o nal l e tte rs . I t i s g enera lly c la im ed th at a p art f r o m th e n um bers o f i ts
ad vanta ges c o m pare d w ith th e o ld est o nes, i t i s l a ckin g i n s in cerity . P ers o nally , I
co m ple te ly a gre e w ith th is p oin t o f v ie w .
On th e o ne h and , I a ccep t th at th e s in cerity o f a l e tte r i s m easu re d i n th e ti m e s p ent
as w ell a s th e w rite r’s f e elin g i n th e p ro cess o f p re p arin g i t. T here i s n o d oub t th at
peo ple d o n o t s p end m uch ti m e w riti n g, c o rre cti n g a nd r e w riti n g to c o m ple te
ele ctr o nic l e tte rs , n o r d o th ey o fte n r e ad th em a gain b efo re s e nd in g b ecause o f
co m pute riz e d g ra m mar a nd s p ell c heckin g f a ciliti e s. A dditi o nally , i t i s n o m ore
co nv enie nt th an f in is h in g a n e m ail th anks to u sin g a n um ber o f te chno lo gie s s u ch
as c o pyin g a nd , e ith er s e nd in g a n e m ail f r o m a ny e m ail a d dre ss o r s e nd in g o ne to
a g ro up o f m ailb oxes. A s a r e su lt, h ard ly d o r e ceiv ers f e el th e tr u th fu ln ess’
se nd ers w hen th e o th ers a ls o r e ad th is e m ail.
I a ls o a gre e th at y o u c an s e e a n i n su ffic ie nt s in cerity r e ad in g a n e m ail. T his i s th e
re aso n w hy s o m e b usin esse s/c o m panie s a sk th eir a p plic ants to w rite a n
ap plic ati o n l e tte r to m easu re b oth th eir c ap ab ility i n c o m munic ati n g b y m eans o f
writi n g a nd th eir c o m mitm ent. E vid ence f o r th is i s p ro vid ed b y m ost p eo ple
cho ose th e tr a d iti o nal l e tte rs to c o ngra tu la te s o m eo ne, w rite to a g o vern m ent
offic e o r to w rite to a b elo ved p ers o n to s h o w th eir g o odw ill.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s tr u e th at m uch a s a n e m ail i s th e b est w ay to c o m munic ate i n
th e r e cent d ay, th e p ers o nal to uch, a ffe cti o n, a nd s in cerity , a h and w ritte n l e tte r c an
co nv ey c o uld n o t b e f o und i n th is f o rm .
278 w ord s
155

SA M PL E 1 9
Som e p eople s a y t h at w e d o n ot n eed p rin te d n ew sp apers a nym ore . T o w hat
exte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
In d ev elo pin g s o cie ti e s, i t w ould b e c erta in ly u nd enia b le th at p rin te d n ew sp ap ers
are n o w l o sin g p opula rity a nd a t g re at u nnecessity . W hile I te nd to w ard s th is p oin t
of v ie w , I b elie v e th at p rin te d p ap ers a re s ti ll u se fu l a nd s h o uld n o t b e f o rg o tte n.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re v ario us c o m pellin g r e aso ns a sso cia te d w ith th e
ir re le v ance o f p rin te d p ap ers to a c o nte m pora ry w orld . F ir s tl y , n ew sp ap ers a re
more l ik ely to b e a th in g o f th e p ast. I n f a ct, th ey a re u nab le to p ro vid e th e m ost
up -to -m in ute n ew s o r to c arry th e l a te st b re akin g n ew s s to rie s. A s a c o nse q uence,
prin te d n ew sp ap ers a re n o w b eco m in g o nly a s o urc e o f s ta le n ew s, w hic h i s a
majo r r e aso n w hy th ey h av e b eco m e l e ss c o m pati b le a nd p re v ale nt. A no th er
prim ary f a cto r i s th at p rin te d p ap ers a re o verw helm ed b y th e p ow er o f o nlin e
new s. F or i n sta nce, y o ung a d ults h av e a g ro w in g te nd ency to b e u p date d th ro ugh
ele ctr o nic m ed ia i n ste ad o f g etti n g a ccess to o utd ate d i n fo rm ati o n f r o m p rin te d
new sp ap ers .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at p rin te d m ed ia r e m ain a v ita l s o urc e o f
in fo rm ati o n a nd a re c erta in ly a p plic ab le i n th e m odern w orld . T he m ain r e aso n i s
th at n ew sp ap ers a re th e m ost tr a d iti o nal f o rm o f c o m munic ati o n w hic h [ o r th at]
has l e d p eo ple to h ap pie r [ o r m ore e njo yab le ] l iv es, e sp ecia lly f o r th e e ld erly .
The o ld g enera ti o ns, f o r e xam ple [ o r i n p arti c ula r], d o [ o r m ay] n o t h av e th e
opportu nity [ o r c ap acity ] to g et o nlin e, th us k eep b ein g o ld -fa sh io ned .
Furth erm ore , th e w ay o f d eliv erin g n ew c o vera ges o f e v ents a nd c arry in g m any
sto rie s i n n ew sp ap ers s ti ll m ain ta in th e r e lia b ility . F or i n sta nce, i t s e em s th at th e
sig nific ant e v ents i n th e p riv ate l iv es o f c ele b riti e s c o uld n ev er b e tr u ste d o nlin e
but o nly th ro ugh th e h ead lin es o f th e o ld -fa sh io ned n ew sp ap ers .
In c o nclu sio n, e v en th o ugh th e tr a d iti o nally p rin te d n ew s i s b eco m in g l e ss
co m mon i n th e m odern w orld , I w ould a rg ue th at th eir f u ncti o ns a re i r re p la ceab le .
304 w ord s
156

SA M PL E 2 0
Som e p eople t h in k t h at a s e nse o f c o m petit io n in c h ild re n s h ould b e
enco ura ged. O th ers b elie ve t h at c h ild re n w ho a re t a ught t o c o -o pera te r a th er
th an c o m pete b eco m e m ore u se fu l a dult s .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Educati o n f o r c hild re n a lw ays w ond ers th e q uesti o n w hat w e s h o uld te ach a c hild
to s tr e ngth en p ers o nality a nd s k ills f o r th e m atu re s ta ge i n l ife . P eo ple h av e
diffe re nt p oin ts o f v ie w s th at c hild re n s h o uld b e m ore c o m peti ti v e o r c o -
opera ti v e. W hile a m oti v ati o n o f c o m peti ti o n c an b uild g o od p re p ara ti o n f o r a d ult
life , I d o b elie v e th at w ork in g i n a g ro up i s m ore i m porta nt.
On th e o ne h and , f ir s tl y , c o m peti ti o n c an b e c o nsid ere d a s a w ay to r a is e u p th e
moti v ati o n f o r c hild re n. I n s o m e h ig h s c ho ols o r e v en p rim ary s c ho ols , th e
co m puls o ry r e q uir e m ent o f u p gra d in g a cad em ic l e v el i n h ig h-q uality c la sse s i s th e
hig hest m ark a nd e xcelle nt e v alu ati o n o n f in al te st e ach y ear w ith a c o m peti ti v e
ra te e q uiv ale nt to 5 % . C om peti n g to b e th e b est i n sp ir e s h ig h-fly ers to a cq uir e
bette r a nd u niq ue m eth o ds f o r a chie v in g a nd c o nq uerin g n ew r e co rd . M ore o ver, a
se nse o f c o m peti ti o n e nhances/b oosts /im pro ves th e a b ility to th in k i n d ep end entl y
to c o m e o ver h ard sh ip o r tr o ub le s f a ced i n r e al l ife . H ow ev er, s o m e s tr e ssfu l te sts
will l e ad c hild re n to d ep re ssin g e m oti o n w hen th ey c anno t a chie v e a b ette r r e su lt
with h ig h e xp ecta ti o n.
On th e o th er h and , s o m e p eo ple a sse rt th at i t i s b ette r f o r c hild re n to d ev elo p
th em se lv es, b y th e w ay, to c o opera te w ith o th ers . W hen th ey w ork i n a g ro up ,
kno w le d ge w ill b e s h are d a nd l o ts o f i n no vati v e i d eas w ill c o m e o ut/ w ill b e
co m e u p w ith . C hild re n c an l e arn f r o m e ach o th er to s tr e ngth en s tr o ng p oin ts a nd
ad dre ss w eakness p oin ts a ls o . I n r e ality , a d ult l ife r e q uir e s th e s k ills o f
co m munic ati o n a nd a b ility to c re ate a n etw ork w hic h r e gard s a s th e b asic
fo und ati o n f o r s o cia l d ev elo pm ent. C olla b ora ti n g w ith te am mate s a ls o s h arp ens
managem ent s k ills a nd r a is e s r e sp onsib ility f o r w ork in g a nd l iv in g i n th e
co m munity .
In c o nclu sio n, f o r b est p re p ara ti o n f o r a d ult l ife , th e m ore c o opera ti v e c hild re n
are , th e b ette r th ey a d vance th em se lv es.
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157

SA M PL E 2 1
Advertis e m ents a re b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore c o m mon in e very day lif e .
Is it a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
Politi c ia ns, l a rg e o rg aniz a ti o ns, a nd b usin ess p eo ple h av e b een s tr iv in g to
pro m ote th eir p ro ducts a nd th eir p urp ose s to th e s o cie ty i n r e cent y ears . T his
pheno m eno n a p pears to b e g lo bal a nd I b elie v e i t h as d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n th e
popula ti o n.
There a re i n num era b le d ra w backs o f a d verti s in g to th e c o m munity . F ir s tl y , i t
dis tr a cts th e o bse rv ers ’ c o ncentr a ti o n a nd a ffe cts th eir p ro ducti v ity w hile
work in g. F or e xam ple , a s tu d ent, w ho i s u sin g th e i n te rn et to c o lle ct r e le v ant
in fo rm ati o n, w ould c erta in ly b e d is tr a cte d b y s o m e f a sc in ati n g a d s, o r a nno yin g
pop-u p s w hic h a re d esig ned to d ra w th eir a tte nti o n. T his i s n o t to m enti o n th at
su ch l o ng c o m merc ia l a d verti s e m ents c an s w allo w u p a n i n te nse a m ount o f th eir
ti m e. S eco nd ly , th e a d verti s e r c an i n flu ence p eo ple ’s th in kin g th ro ugh th eir
pub lic ati o ns. T he p oliti c al p ro pagand as s e t a g o od e xam ple f o r th is ; th ese te nd to
pro vid e o nly s o m e p arts o f th e tr u th s, w ith th e a im to c o ntr o l th e p erc eiv er’s
fe elin gs a nd th eir o pin io ns a b out th e p arti c ula r i s su e, o r m ay b e s u b je cti v e. T hus
tr ig ger r a llie s a nd c ause s o cia l u nre st a m ong th e c o m munity . F in ally , th e n ew
meth o ds o f a d verti s in g a re c ausin g n egati v e i m pacts o n y o ung p eo ple , e sp ecia lly
ad ole sc ents a nd c hild re n. W ith th e s u p port o f te chno lo gy, a d verti s e rs c an n o w
pro m ote th eir p ro duct to th e e xact p eo ple w ho w ill b e i n te re ste d . T eenagers a nd
child re n, h o w ev er, a re th o se w ho s p end a l a rg e a m ount o f ti m e o n th ese w eb site s.
They a re s ti ll m enta lly w eak, a nd m ay n o t b e a b le to p re v ent th em se lv es f r o m
drifti n g to th ese a d s, w hic h m ig ht b e p orn o gra p hie s o r to xic i n fo rm ati o n.
I d o a p pre cia te th e f a ct th at m any a d verti s e m ents p re se nt g o od p ro ducts , d eliv er a
meanin gfu l m essa ge, o r p ro vid e p eo ple w ith r e le v ant k no w le d ge. B ut I b elie v e
th ese p ie ces o f i n fo rm ati o n c an b e f o und o n o th er p atte rn s, w hic h w ould n o t a ffe ct
th eir ti m e a nd c o ncentr a ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, I p ers o nally th in k th at th e r a p id d ev elo pm ent o f a d verti s in g,
alth o ugh b rin gs s o m e p arti c ula r b enefits to p eo ple , i s s ti ll a n egati v e tr e nd d ue to
th e n um ero us i m pacts i t h as o n th e p opula ti o n.
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158

SA M PL E 2 2
It is g enera lly b elie ved t h at s o m e p eople a re b orn w it h c e rta in t a le nts , f o r
in sta nce f o r s p ort o r m usic , a nd o th ers a re n ot. H ow ever, it is s o m etim es
cla im ed t h at a ny c h ild c a n b e t a ught t o b eco m e a g ood s p orts p erso n o r
music ia n.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
The q uesti o n o f w heth er o r n o t th e a b ility i n s p ort o r m usic i s m ostl y i n nate r is e s
heate d d eb ate s. F ro m m y p oin t o f v ie w , a lth o ugh ta le nts p la y a n e sse nti a l r o le ,
child re n c o uld b eco m e a s u ccessfu l a th le te o r m usic ia n th ro ugh a d eq uate tr a in in g
and p ra cti c e.
Fir s t o f a ll, ta le nts h av e a s ig nific ant c o ntr ib uti o n to p eo ple i n th e f ie ld s o f m usic
and s p ort. T he m ost s tr ik in g r e aso n i s th at c hild re n a re b orn w ith s p ecia l a b iliti e s
to o w n a s tr o nger s ta rti n g p oin t i n c o m paris o n w ith o th ers to d ev elo p th eir
cap acity . S pecific ally , th ey c an l e arn n ew k no w le d ge f a ste r a s w ell a s m ake
im pre ssiv e p erfo rm ances a t a y o ung a ge, w hic h a llo w s th em to c lim b f a ste r o n
th eir c are er l a d der. T he s e co nd r e aso n c o m es f r o m a n u nd enia b le f a ct th at s p ort o r
music r e q uir e s s e v era l d is ti n cti v e a b iliti e s to s u cceed . F or i n sta nce, a g o od
music ia n d esir e s f o r s e nsiti v e e ars to f e el th e r h yth m , w hile o nly p eo ple w ho h av e
go od h ealth o r s tr o ng e nd ura nce c o uld b eco m e c o m peti ti v e a th le te s. W ith o ut th ese
sig nific ant a b iliti e s, p eo ple m ay n o t r e ach th eir h ig hest p ote nti a l e v en w hen th ey
sp end m uch e ffo rt to p ra cti c e h ard .
Desp ite a ll th e a d vanta ges/b enefits o f i n b orn ta le nts , p ra cti c in g a nd tr a in in g c an
sti ll c o ntr ib ute to o ne’s s u ccess a s a th le te s o r m usic ia ns. F ir s tl y , a ta le nte d p ers o n
will l o se th eir a d vanta ges w ith o ut p ra cti c in g, th us w ill l a g b ehin d c o m pare d to
oth er h ard -w ork in g p eo ple . T ale nts c an p ro vid e a g o od b ase b ut n o t th e
co nfir m ati o n o f a b rig ht f u tu re , e sp ecia lly i n th e f ie ld o f a rt o r s p ort. S eco nd ly ,
desp ite th e o bsta cle s o f l a ckin g ta le nts , p eo ple c o uld l e arn a nd p ra cti c e
in te nsiv ely i n a l o gic al s c hed ule to b eco m e a m aste r i n a ny c ate go rie s. O ne o f th e
best e xam ple s o f th e a d vanta ges o f w ork in g h ard i s C ris ti a no R onald o, a w orld -
cla ss f o otb alle r, w ho g ain ed a v arie ty o f tr o phie s i n s o ccer l e agues. H e i s k no w n
as th e o ne w ho p ra cti c es m ore f r e q uentl y th an a ny o th er s o ccer p la yers , w hic h
allo w s h im to h av e th e s tr e ngth a s w ell a s th e u niq ue s k ills to a chie v e th e v ic to ry .
159

Overa ll, th o ugh i n nate ta le nts a re s ig nific ant, tr a in in g a nd p ra cti c in g a ls o m ake th e
diffe re nces a nd c re ate th e s u ccess o f o uts ta nd in g m usic ia ns a nd s p orts p eo ple .
333 w ord s
160

SA M PL E 2 3
Som e p eople s a y t h at w hat c h ild re n w atc h in flu ence s t h eir b ehavio r. O th ers
belie ve t h e a m ount o f t im e t h ey s p end o n t e le vis io n in flu ence s t h eir b ehavio r
most.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple th in k th at c hild re n’s b ehav io r i s a ffe cte d b y th e th in gs th ey s e e o n T V
while th e o pponents o f th is i d ea a rg ue th at/ a re c o nv in ced th at h o w m uch ti m e th ey
sp end o n T V a ffe cts /h as a n i m pact o n th e w ay c hild re n a ct d aily . I m yse lf b elie v e
th at b oth o f th ese f a cto rs i n flu ent d iffe re ntl y o n th e w ays c hild re n b ehav e.
On th e f ir s t h and , th e th in gs y o ung p eo ple s e e m ig ht g iv e th em th e f ir s t i d eas a b out
what th ey s h o uld d o i n l ife . T here a re tw o r e aso ns f o r s u p porti n g th is
sta te m ent/ a rg um ent. F ir s tl y , c hild re n d o n o t h av e e no ugh k no w le d ge a b out l ife s o
th ey n o rm ally te nd to m im ic u nco nd iti o nally th e a cti o ns o f a d ults , w hic h th ey h av e
enco unte re d b efo re , w ith o ut a ny a d ju stm ent. F or e xam ple , a r e ality s h o w s u ch a s
“D ad , w here w e a re g o in g?” m ay i n flu ence c hild re n i n te rm s o f th e w ay th ey
co m munic ate w ith p eers a nd e ld er p eo ple a s w ell. S eco nd ly , w ork in g p are nts a re
so b usy e arn in g m oney th at th ey h av e l ittl e ti m e to ta lk a nd g uid e th eir b oys a nd
gir ls . I n ste ad o f g uid in g c hild re n a b out s o cia l s k ills , p are nts o fte n l e t th em l e arn
th o se b y th em se lv es th ro ugh w atc hin g T V.
On th e o th er h and , th e m ore c hild re n s ti c k th eir e yes o n T V, th e m ore th eir
co m munic ati o n a nd a cti o ns a re a ffe cte d . T he f ir s t i m pre ssio n o f a ny p ro gra m m ay
no t g et th e d eep i m pre ssio n f r o m a ud ie nces b ut i f th at c o nte nt r e m ain s f o r a l o ng
ti m e, c hild re n te nd to th in k th at th ese a cti o ns a re th e w ay p eo ple c o m munic ate
with o th ers . T here fo re , i t m ig ht i n flu ence th e w ay th ey a ct i n s o cia l l ife . F or
in sta nce, w atc hin g a h uge n um ber o f f ig hti n g g am es m ig ht c ause c hild re n to a ct
vio le ntl y .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile th ere a re s o m any a rg um ents a b out th e i m pacts o f w atc hin g
TV o n y o ung p eo ple ’s a cti o ns, i t s e em s to m e th at b oth th e c o nte nt o f p ro gra m s a nd
th e ti m e b ud get f o r w atc hin g h av e th eir e ffe cts to a c erta in e xte nt.
306 w ord s
161

SA M PL E 2 4
Som e p eople t h in k t h at t h e g overn m ent s h ould s p end m ore m oney o n p ublic
se rv ic e s r a th er t h an w aste m oney o n a rts [ i.e m usic a nd p ain tin g]. T o w hat
exte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e.
It i s tr u e th at g o vern m ent e xp end itu re o n p ub lic s e rv ic es s h o uld b e h ig h o n i ts
agend a r a th er th an s p end in g m oney o n a rt. W hile I a ccep t th at th is o pin io n m ay s u it
many p eo ple , I w ould a rg ue th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld a ls o a llo cate b ud get o n
dev elo pin g a rts s u ch a s m usic a nd p ain ti n g.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy th e g o vern m ent s h o uld f o cus
on p ub lic s e rv ic es. F ir s tl y , th o ugh p ub lic tr a nsp ort s y ste m s p la y a c ru cia l r o le i n
our d aily l ife , i t h as r e ceiv ed i n ad eq uate i n v estm ent f r o m l o cal a nd n ati o nal
auth o riti e s. A s a r e su lt, tr a ffic c o ngesti o n h as b eco m e o ne o f th e m ost p re ssin g
pro ble m s i n b ig c iti e s i n th e w orld , w hic h c ause s e nv ir o nm enta l d ete rio ra ti o n a nd
num ero us h ealth d is e ase s f o r c iti z e ns. S eco nd ly , h ealth c are s e rv ic es s h o uld a ls o
be a p rio rity o f g o vern m ent s p end in g. F or e xam ple , H osp ita ls a cro ss V ie tn am
hav e r e centl y h av e e xp erie nced h ig h i n fa nt m orta lity r a te d ue to th e l a ck o f
vaccin e. W ith o ut p ro per i n v estm ent f r o m g o vern m ent, th is p ro ble m c o uld b rin g
cata str o phic c o nse q uence o n o ur d em ogra p hy/d em ogra p hic p atte rn s a nd i n tu rn
our e co no m y.
On th e o th er h and , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld a ls o p ay a tte nti o n to a rts a s i t d oes f o r
pub lic s e rv ic es. O ne r e aso n i s th at a rts a re m eans o f r e cre ati o n f o r a ll p eo ple i n
th e s o cie ty . M usic c an b rin g u s a s e nse o f r e la xati o n a fte r h o urs o f s tr e ssfu l
work in g a nd m ake o ur l ife m ore c o lo urfu l a nd m eanin gfu l. F urth erm ore , a rts c an
genera te i n co m e f o r m any p eo ple w hic h b eco m e g o vern m ent r e v enues th ro ugh
in d iv id ual ta xes. M usic i n d ustr ie s n o w ad ays a re d ev elo pin g f a ste r th an a ny o th er
se cto r a nd a rti s ts , m any o f w ho m a re b illio nair e s, p ay a f a ir a m ount o f ta xes to th e
nati o nal b ud get.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p ay a tte nti o n to p ub lic
se rv ic es. B ut th is i s b y n o m eans s y no nym ous w ith i m posin g s p end in g c ut o n a rt a s
it p la ys a n i m porta nt p art i n o ur l ife .
303 w ord s
162

SA M PL E 2 5
Now adays t h e w ay p eople in te ra ct w it h e ach o th er h as c h anged b eca use o f
te ch nolo gy.
In w hat w ays h as t e ch nolo gy a ffe cte d t h e t y pes o f r e la tio nsh ip s p eople m ak e?
Has t h is b eco m e a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
As g lo baliz a ti o n o ccurs i n m any a sp ects o f p eo ple ’s l iv es, te chno lo gy i s b eco m in g
more a nd m ore c ru cia l i n th e n ew a ge. I t i s a rg ued th at te chno lo gy h as n egati v e
effe cts o n th e w ay p eo ple tr e at o ne a no th er. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I b elie v e th at i t
changes o ur i n te ra cti o ns b oth p ositi v ely a nd n egati v ely .
On th e o ne h and , te chno lo gy m ay p la y a n egati v e r o le o n y o ung p eo ple , e sp ecia lly
kid s a nd te enagers . I n r e cent y ears , i t i s n o t d iffic ult to o bse rv e th em b ein g
atta ched to a m odern e q uip m ent s u ch a s s m artp ho nes, ta b le ts , o r e v en l a rg er
dev ic es l ik e c o m pute rs . T o s o m e e xte nt, i t i s g o od s in ce th ey c an l e arn v alu ab le
kno w le d ge f r o m th e I n te rn et, e v en ( if) w hile th ey a re p la yin g g am es. H ow ev er,
th is h ab it m ay l e sse n th e l e v el o f th eir p arti c ip ati o n i n f a m ily a nd s o cia l
re la ti o nsh ip s, p ro vid ed th at th ey c o ncentr a te to o m uch o n th ese te chnic al to ols .
On th e o th er h and , th e d ev elo pm ent o f te chno lo gy d oes h av e
enco ura gin g/s u p porti v e i m pacts o n r e la ti o nsh ip s a t w ork . N ow ad ays te chno lo gy
acts a s a n e sse nti a l i n str u m ent i n a ny j o bs, g iv en ( th e f a ct) th at p eo ple r a re ly s e e
any j o b w ith o ut th e h elp o f te chnic al e q uip m ent. S in ce te chno lo gy a ffe cts th e w ays
of w ork in g, i t a ls o c hanges th e i n te ra cti o ns a m ong c o lle agues. M ore o ver, w ith th e
pre se nce o f s o cia l n etw ork s, e v ery o ne c an ta ke i t e asy to c o m munic ate w ith
oth ers , a nd c o lle agues a re a b le to d is c uss m atte rs a t w ork th ro ugh th is c hannel. I n
so m e c ase s, th is c o uld b re ak th e b arrie r b etw een a n i n d iv id ual a nd a no th er a t a
hig her s ta tu s. C onse q uentl y , th e f r ie nd ly w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent i s p ossib ly i n r e ach.
In c o nclu sio n, te chno lo gy h as i ts o w n g o od p oin ts a nd d ra w backs. I f b ein g u se d
pro perly , th e te chno lo gy c o uld b e a n e ffe cti v e m eth o d o f c o nnecti n g/ to c o nnect
peo ple .
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163

SA M PL E 2 6
Som e u niv ersit ie s o ffe r o nlin e c o urse s a s a n a lt e rn ativ e t o c la sse s d eliv ere d
on c a m pus. D o y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
It i s tr u e th at d is ta nce e d ucati o n i s n o w o ffe re d f o r s tu d ents a t s o m e u niv ers iti e s a s
a r e p la cem ent f o r c la ssro om l e arn in g. A lth o ugh th ere e xis t s o m e d is a d vanta ges i n
th is f o rm o f s tu d yin g a nd te achin g, I b elie v e i t i s a r e v olu ti o nary l e arn in g m eth o d.
On th e o ne h and , s tu d ents a t o nlin e c la sse s u su ally l a ck r e gula r f a ce-to -fa ce
co nta ct w ith te achers a nd o th er p eers . T hey h av e to w ork o n th eir o w n a nd b are ly
hav e a c hance to m ake f r ie nd s. M ore o ver, th ey c anno t c o m pete w ith e ach o th er,
whic h i s a b enefit o f c la ssro om l e arn in g th at u se d to m oti v ate s tu d ents .
Conse q uentl y , th ey m ay u nd ere sti m ate th e i m porta nce o f r iv alr y a nd c o m peti ti o n i n
co ntr ib uti n g to a cad em ic a chie v em ent. I n a d diti o n to th at, s tu d ents u sin g e -le arn in g
te nd to b e p ro cra sti n ate d a nd h av e p oor ti m e m anagem ent d ue to th e l a ck o f d ir e ct
in str u cti o n a nd i n sp ecti o n f r o m te achers . T his f o rm o f e d ucati o n a ls o r e q uir e s a
gre at d eal o f s e lf- d is c ip lin e a nd s e lf- m oti v ati o n to b ala nce th eir s c hed ule s.
On th e o th er h and , s tu d yin g o n th e I n te rn et p ro ves to b e a n e ffe cti v e w ay to
acq uir e k no w le d ge w ith o ut g o in g d ir e ctl y to c am pus. F ir s t a nd f o re m ost, i t
re d uces th e a m ount o f ti m e s p ent o n c o m muti n g f o r s tu d ents a s w ell a s p ro vid in g
th em w ith a v arie ty o f s u b je cts w ith l o w er c o sts c o m pare d to tu iti o n f e e i n th e
cla ssro om . T his k in d o f e d ucati o n i s o f g re at i m porta nce to th o se w ho a re w ork in g
in o ffic es b ut s ti ll n eed a d ip lo m a. F or e xam ple , A meric an C ente r u su ally
co opera te s w ith p re sti g io us u niv ers iti e s to o ffe r o nlin e c o urs e s f o r V ie tn am ese
stu d ents . F urth erm ore , th e q uality o f o nlin e c o urs e s i s i n cre asin gly e nhanced b y
univ ers iti e s i n o rd er to e nsu re th at s tu d ents c an o bta in e no ugh k no w le d ge a nd
sk ills .
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite s e v era l d em erits w hic h o nlin e e d ucati o n m ay b rin g to
le arn ers , I b elie v e th at th is f o rm c o uld b e s e en a s a n e sse nti a l s te p f o rw ard a nd i ts
merits a re i r re fu ta b le .
296 w ord s
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SA M PL E 2 7
The o ld er g enera tio ns t e nd t o h ave v ery t r a dit io nal id eas a bout h ow p eople
sh ould liv e, t h in k a nd b ehave. H ow ever, s o m e p eople b elie ve t h at t h ese id eas
are n ot h elp fu l in p re parin g y ounger g enera tio ns f o r m odern lif e .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is v ie w ?
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at w heth er tr a d iti o nal i d eas a re s ti ll v alu ab le f o r y o ung
peo ple . W hile I a gre e th at s o m e tr a d iti o nal i d eas a re o utd ate d , I b elie v e th at
oth ers a re s ti ll u se fu l a nd s h o uld n o t b e f o rg o tte n.
On th e o ne h and , m any i d eas th at e ld er p eo ple h av e a b out l ife h as b eco m e l e ss
re le v ant to y o ung g enera ti o ns. I n th e p ast, p eo ple w ere w ell a d vis e d to p urs u e a
pro fe ssio nal a nd s e cure c are er, b ut to day j o b s e ekers e xp ect m uch m ore a b out th e
varie ty a nd d iv ers ity o f th eir c are ers . A no th er o ld f a sh io n i s th e a tti tu d es to w ard s
gend er r o le s. T he i d ea th at m en w ork o uts id es a nd w om en s ta y a t h o m e a nd ta ke
care o f f a m ily i s n o l o nger s u p porte d . T he i n cre asin g o f f e m ale l e ad ers i s a c le ar
ev id ence f o r th at c hange w hic h c an b e n am ed a s T here sa M ay – T he U K p rim e
min is te r o r A ngela M erk el – G erm an p rim e m in is te r.
On th e o th er h and , s o m e tr a d iti o nal v ie w s a nd v alu es a re c erta in ly a p plic ab le to
th e m odern w orld . O ld er g enera ti o ns b elie v e th at w ork in g h ard a nd ta kin g p rid e i n
jo bs g uara nte e a s u ccessfu l c are er, a nd y o ung p eo ple w ho a p ply th ese b ehav io rs
to day c an d efin ite ly c o m pete w ith o th ers i n th e j o b m ark et. F urth erm ore ,
polite ness a nd g o od m anners a re o th er tr a d iti o nal v alu e th at o bvio usly a lw ays
use fu l i n l ife . S in ce th e y o uth l e arn f r o m th e o ld er th at th ey s h o uld tr e at p eo ple
with r e sp ect, th ey c an b uild u p th eir s o cia l r e la ti o nsh ip s a nd a ls o g ain o th ers
belie f.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at a lth o ugh th ere a re s o m e tr a d iti o nal v ie w s a re n o
lo nger s u ita b le to m odern l ife , o th er i d eas a re s ti ll v alu ab le a nd s h o uld b e w id ely
exp and ed .
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165

SA M PL E 2 8
Many s tu dents f in d it d if fic u lt t o c o nce ntr a te o r p ay a tte ntio n a t s c h ool. W hat
are t h e r e aso ns? W hat c o uld b e d one?
It i s tr u e th at m any s tu d ents a re n o t a b le to f o cus o n th eir l e sso ns a t s c ho ols ( th ese
days). I n th is e ssa y, I w ill d is c uss s o m e c ause s o f th e i s su e a nd w hat m easu re s
sh o uld b e i m ple m ente d .
There a re tw o u nd erly in g r e aso ns f o r th is p heno m eno n. F ir s tl y , s o m e
und erg ra d uate s h av e a p ro pensity to d ev elo p p hysic ally , w hic h a llo w s th em to
dis p la y a d vanced p erfo rm ance i n s p orts r a th er th an th eo re ti c al l e sso ns. F or
exam ple , C ris ti a no R onald o w ho i s c o nsid ere d a s o ne o f th e b est p la yers a ro und
th e w orld i n th is c entu ry h as n o t g ra d uate d f r o m h ig h s c ho ol. A s a r e su lt, th ere i s
an i n cre asin g n um ber o f p hysic al a cad em ie s w hic h d ev elo p c urric ulu m s
in te nsiv ely e m phasiz in g o n s p orts a nd p hysic al tr a in in g. S eco nd ly , s o m e s tu d ents
who h av e s c ho la sti c a b iliti e s o f g eniu se s o fte n f in d th e s y lla b use s o f s c ho ols s o
te d io us. F or i n sta nce, B ill G ate s w ho e sta b lis h ed M ic ro so ft- o ne o f th e m ost
popula r c o rp ora ti o ns a cro ss th e g lo be a ls o h as n o t f in is h ed h is s e co nd ary s tu d y.
As l o ng a s e d ucati o n s y ste m s c an u nd ers ta nd th e r e aso ns c o ntr ib uti n g to th is
pheno m eno n, th ey c an f u lfill s tu d ents ' w ants a nd n eed s to m iti g ate th is p ro ble m .
Fir s tl y , p ro vid in g G ym nasti c s p erio ds i n to e v ery s c ho ol c an b e a n e ffe cti v e
measu re to s a ti s fy th o se p hysic ally d ev elo pin g s tu d ents . F or e xam ple , I n V ie tn am ,
th is i d ea h as b een i m ple m ente d f o r m any y ears a nd th at g ro up o f s tu d ents a lw ays
has e xciti n g m oods i n th ese p erio ds. S eco nd ly , e d ucati o nal e xp erts s h o uld a d d
so m e e xtr a p arts i n to th e c urric ulu m s f o r r e m ark ab ly s m art s tu d ents , w hic h i s a t a
hig her l e v el o f d iffic ulty . T his c o uld e xert w illin g a tti tu d e to s tu d y f o r th o se
stu d ents .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s u nd enia b le th at m any s tu d ents a re f a cin g th e p ro ble m o f
co ncentr a ti n g i n p erio ds d ue to tw o a fo re m enti o ned r e aso ns a nd s o m e m easu re s
sh o uld b e ta ken i n o rd er to b uild a s tr o nger w ork fo rc e i n th e f u tu re .
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166

SA M PL E 2 9
Som e p eople t h in k t h at m en a nd w om en h ave d if fe re nt q ualit ie s. T here fo re ,
so m e c e rta in j o bs a re s u it a ble f o r m en a nd s o m e j o bs a re s u it a ble f o r w om en.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
While th ere a re a rg um ents th at m en a nd w om en a re s u ita b le f o r s o m e d iffe re nt
ty p es o f a j o b d ue to th eir d is ti n cti v e a b iliti e s, I p ers o nally b elie v e th at g end er
sh o uld n o t a d ete rre nt to o ne’s d ecis io n to p urs u e a p arti c ula r c are er.
Fir s tl y , I w ould a rg ue th at f e m ale s a re s ti ll a b le to e arn a l iv in g b y d oin g
masc ulin e j o bs a nd v ic e v ers a . F or i n sta nce, th ere a re p le nty o f w om en w ho a re
doin g b lu e-c o lla r j o bs w ith a h eav y w ork lo ad i n f a cto rie s w hile th e n um ber o f
men c ho osin g to b e p in k-c o lla r w ork ers , s u ch a s te le p ho ne c o nsu lta nts , i s r a p id ly
in cre asin g. M ore o ver, th ey a re n o t o nly a b le to w ork i n b ut a ls o s u ccessfu l i n
fie ld s te nd in g to b e s te re o ty p ic ally s u ita b le f o r th e o th er g end er. O ne p ote nt
exam ple i s H illa ry C lin to n, a p ow erfu l w om an w ho h as r e ached th e to p o f h er
care er w ith s tr o ng c are er a m biti o ns … i n p oliti c s a lth o ugh th is f ie ld i s s u p pose d
to b e d om in ate d b y m en f o r a l o ng ti m e.
Seco nd ly , i t i s u nd enia b le th at d iffe re nt c hara cte ris ti c s b etw een m ale s a nd f e m ale s
cre ate v arie ty /d iv ers ity i n w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent, w hic h w ill e nhance l a b our
pro ducti v ity . T o b e m ore p re cis e , w om en a nd m en c o uld p la y c o m ple m enta ry
ro le s b y m akin g th e m ost o f th eir o w n c ap ab ility to b e s u p porti v e c o -w ork ers .
Take d riv ers , f o r e xam ple , f e m ale d riv ers s e em to b e m ore c are fu l, th us th ey m ig ht
be b ette r a t tr a nsp orti n g f r a gile p ro ducts . M eanw hile , m ale d riv ers a re l ik ely to b e
str o nger, s o th ey c o uld b e m ore a p pro pria te f o r l o ng j o urn eys. A ppare ntl y , i f f ir m s
are a b le to p ro vid e b oth w om en a nd m en o pportu niti e s to m ove u p th e c are er
la d der r e gard le ss o f th eir g end er, th eir p ro fits w ould b e d ra m ati c ally m axim iz e d .
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould r e sta te th at e ith er m ale s o r f e m ale s s h o uld h av e e q ual
chances to p ut th eir k no w le d ge a nd s k ills i n to p ra cti c e i n a ny i n d ustr y th ey w ant to
work i n .
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167

SA M PL E 3 0
Som e p eople t h in k t h at p eople w ho c h oose a j o b e arly a nd k eep d oin g it a re
more lik ely t o g et a s a tis fy in g c a re er lif e t h an t h ose w ho f r e quently c h ange
jo bs. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
Many p eo ple a rg ued th at d ecid in g th eir c are er p ath a t a n e arly a ged a nd s ta y
pers is te nt i n p urs u in g i t to g ain s a ti s fa cti o n j o b r a th er th an b ein g f r e q uent j o b
ho ppers . W hile n o body c an d eny th e b enefits o f s ta yin g l o nger a t th e s a m e
co m pany, I b elie v e th at j o b h o ppin g a nd te m pora ry j o bs g iv e a n e q ually r e w ard in g
exp erie nce.
On th e o ne h and , p eo ple w ho a re a w are o f th eir p ers o nal i n te re sts i n a c are er p ath
whic h l e ad to a s a ti s fy in g w ork in g l ife i s b enefic ia l i n s o m e w ays. F ir s tl y , f r o m
early c hild ho od, m any p eo ple h ad a n o vera ll p ic tu re o f th eir w ork f ie ld w hat th ey
will p urs u e i n th e f u tu re a nd th is w ill i n sti ll i n th em e no rm ous m oti v ati o n a nd
pers is te nce to g ain th eir g o als . F or e xam ple , m any c hild re n d re am o f b eco m in g
sc ie nti s ts , th ey h av e to n urtu re th eir a m biti o n a nd d ev ote e ffo rts to g ain in g th e
re le v ant q ualific ati o ns a nd u nd erta ke y ears o f tr a in in g. B esid es, p eo ple w ho a re
lo yal to a c o m pany w ill h av e v ario us o pportu niti e s f o r c are er a d vancem ent. T hey
will b e h ig hly v alu ed a nd b e p ro m ote d to a h ig her p ositi o n b y th e m anager. T his
brin gs th em a s a ti s fa cti o n i n th eir c are er l ife .
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy p eo ple te nd to c hange th eir
jo b a fte r a p erio d w ork in g a t th e s a m e c o m pany. F ir s tl y , s w itc hin g j o bs a llo w s
work ers to e sc ap e d ead -e nd j o bs a nd c o nti n ue to l e arn a nd g ro w d iffe re nt s k ills i n
th eir p ro fe ssio n. T hey w ill b e e xp ose d to n ew c o lle agues a nd w ork in g
env ir o nm ent th at s h o w s th em h o w to d o th in gs d iffe re ntl y . T his m ig ht h elp m any
jo b-s e ekers s a ti s fy to th e d esir e f o r a d ventu re . S eco nd ly , m any p eo ple h av e a
te nd ency to tr y o n d iv ers e j o bs b efo re th ey f ig ure o ut th e j o bs w hat th ey a re
passio nate a b out. W hen th ey l o ve th eir w ork , th ey w ill w ork h ard a nd m ain ta in
th eir e nth usia sm i n th eir n ew r o le .
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh w ork in g l o nger i n o ne o rg aniz a ti o n i s m ore b enefic ia l f o r
peo ple ’ c are er l ife , I b elie v e th at j o b s w itc hin g h elp s p eo ple l e arn n ew s k ills a nd
th ere fo re w ork i n a l o t.
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168

MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
It i s tr u e th at f r o m a n e arly a ge m any p eo ple a re a b le to d ecid e w hat c are er th ey
want to p urs u e, w hic h r e m ain a s th eir p ro fe ssio n f o r th e r e st o f th eir l iv es. W hile
th ere a re s e v era l b enefits o f th e l o yalty to o ne j o b, I w ould a rg ue th at r e gula rly
sw itc hin g j o bs w ill l e ad to a m ore s a ti s fy in g w ork in g l ife .
On th e o ne h and , s ta yin g i n th e s a m e j o b e xerts m any p ositi v e i n flu ences o n
work ers . F ir s tl y , b ein g f a m ilia r w ith th eir j o b a llo w s w ork ers to e ffe cti v ely
main ta in th e b ala nce b etw een w ork a nd l ife . B y h av in g a th o ro ugh i n sig ht i n to
th eir w ork r o uti n e, w ork ers c an e asily s p are ti m e to e njo y th eir p ers o nal l iv es,
whic h r e d uces th eir l e v el o f s tr e ss. S eco nd ly , p eo ple w ho s ta y i n th e s a m e
pro fe ssio n f o r a l o ng ti m e c an a ls o b enefit f r o m b ette r j o b p ro sp ects . I n o th er
word s, a s e xp erie nce a nd c o m mitm ent a re b oth ta ken i n to c o nsid era ti o n w hen
decid in g o ne’s p ositi o n, th o se w ho w ork f o r a n o rg aniz a ti o n l o nger w ill h av e
co untl e ss o pportu niti e s to m ove u p th e l a d der a nd e arn a m ore l u cra ti v e l iv in g.
On th e o th er h and , I s ti ll b elie v e th at j o b h o ppin g w ill r e su lt i n a m ore s a ti s fy in g
pro fe ssio nal l ife . A s a m atte r o f f a ct, d is c o verin g th e i d eal c are er i s a c o nti n uo us
pro cess o f tr ia l a nd e rro r. F or e xam ple , m any g ra d uate s h av e to c hange j o bs
se v era l ti m es to f ig ure o ut th eir i d eal/p re fe ct/ d re am j o b w hic h c an e nab le th em to
main ta in th eir e nth usia sm a nd k eep th e c ycle o f e xcite m ent a nd p erfo rm ance
ongo in g. A dditi o nally , j o b h o ppin g a ls o h elp s i n d iv id uals to g ain v alu ab le
kno w le d ge a nd n ew s k ills . B ein g e xp erie nced w ith v ario us j o bs, p eo ple w ould
posse ss a g o ld en s e llin g p oin t to i n te gra te i n to th e g lo bal w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent,
whic h i s e sse nti a l i n th e a ge o f g lo baliz a ti o n w here d iffe re nt c ultu re s c ro ss.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile s ta yin g i n th e s a m e p ro fe ssio n o ffe rs s e v era l p ra cti c al v alu es
fo r w ork ers , I s ti ll b elie v e th at c hangin g j o bs r e gula rly w ill p ro vid e p eo ple w ith a
gre ate r s e nse o f f u lfillm ent.
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169

SA M PL E 3 1
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at s tu dyin g a t u niv ersit y o r c o lle ge is t h e b est r o ute t o
a s u cce ssfu l c a re er, w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is b ette r t o g et a j o b s tr a ig ht
afte r s c h ool. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
Upon g ra d uati n g f r o m h ig h s c ho ol, y o ung p eo ple a lw ays c o nsid er th at w heth er
th ey s h o uld c o nti n ue to a tte nd u niv ers ity o r n o t. S om e p eo ple th in k th at a tte nd in g
univ ers ity o r c o lle ge i s th e b est w ay to p urs u e b rillia nt c are er p ro sp ects w hile
oth ers b elie v e th at w ork in g r ig ht a fte r s c ho ol i s a b ette r o pti o n. F ro m m y
pers p ecti v e, b oth o f v ie w s b rin g e q ual b enefits /b enefits e q ually .
Fir s t o f a ll, th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy s tu d yin g f u rth er s tr a ig ht a fte r s c ho ol i s
benefic ia l. O ne r e aso n i s th at b y d in t o f p urs u in g h ig her e d ucati o n, y o ungste rs c an
bro ad en th eir o w n k no w le d ge, w hic h h elp s th em to m eet h ig her-le v el
qualific ati o ns th at m ost e m plo yers e xp ect n o w . A fte r g ra d uati n g f r o m u niv ers ity ,
th e y o ung o fte n g ain c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s a nd g ets a h ig her s a la ry th an th o se
who d o n o t s tu d y a t u niv ers ity . A no th er r e aso n i s th at i n a c urre ntl y c o m peti ti v e
jo b m ark et, w ith a v ie w to g etti n g a w ell- p aid j o b, p eo ple s h o uld e arn a d egre e to
enhance th eir r e su m e. F or e xam ple , s tu d ents w ho g ra d uate w ith a n e co no m ic s
degre e u su ally s e ek e asily a h ig h s a la ry j o b.
On th e o th er h and , g etti n g a j o b s tr a ig ht a fte r s c ho ol h as m any a d vanta ges. F ir s tl y ,
by v ir tu e o f w ork in g, y o ung p eo ple c an e arn a l iv in g, w hic h h elp s th em to b e
matu re e no ugh to l iv e i n d ep end entl y o n th eir o w n i n co m e. I t i s u nd enia b le th at
hav in g a j o b r e su lts i n m ore m atu rity . S eco nd ly , i t i s tr u e th at a l a rg e n um ber o f
peo ple w ho w ork f o r a l o ng ti m e h av e a v arie ty o f c hances to c lim b th e c are er
la d der. T hanks to o bta in in g a g re at d eal o f r e al e xp erie nce, th ey a re l ik ely to
pro gre ss r a p id ly i n th eir c are er.
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at b oth w ork in g r ig ht a fte r s c ho ol a nd a tte nd in g h ig her
ed ucati o n h av e u niq ue a d vanta ges.
277 w ord s
MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
As g ra d uati n g f r o m s c ho ols , p eo ple u su ally w ond er w heth er s e ekin g a j o b
im med ia te ly o r k eep s tu d yin g to p urs u e a h ig h l e v el o f s tu d y s ta tu s i s m uch b ette r.
170

While m any y o ungste rs b elie v e th at c o nti n uo us s tu d y i s th e b est w ay f o r th eir
fu rth er c are er, o th ers th in k th at e m bark in g o n w ork s o on i s a b ette r o pti o n.
On th e o ne h and , w ork in g s tr a ig ht a fte r g ra d uati o n i s b enefic ia l i n s o m e w ays.
Fir s tl y , b y e nte rin g th e l a b or w ork fo rc e, th e y o ung c an e arn m oney f o r a l iv in g a s
so on a s p ossib le to d o w hate v er th in gs. W ith i n d ep end ent f in ancia l a b ility , th ey
no t o nly c an l iv e s e p ara te ly w ith o ut h av in g a m onth ly a llo w ance f r o m f a m ilie s,
but a ls o p urc hase n ew h o use s a nd m odern c ars i f th ey a re p aid o ff b y th eir h ard
work in g a nd p ro fe ssio ns. S eco nd ly , l o ng-te rm w ork in g ti m e c an b rin g to p eo ple
work in g s k ills , a nd m ore c hances to m ove u p th eir c are er l a d der. T he m ore
em plo yees a re w ell- s k ille d s p ecific ally i n c o m panie s, th e m ore c hances th ey
mig ht b e tr u ste d b y th e l e ad ers , s o th ey c an p ro gre ss r a p id ly i n th eir c are er p ath .
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy s o m e p eo ple p ro ne to c ho ose
to g o o n to f u rth er e d ucati o n. F ir s t, s o m e p arti c ula r j o bs r e q uir e a cad em ic
qualific ati o ns, s u ch a s r e se arc hers a nd d octo rs w ho n eed a p ro lo nged p erio d o f
ti m e s tu d yin g b efo re w ork in g i n p arti c ula r w ork in g f ie ld a s s p ecia lis ts .
Furth erm ore , i n th e c o nte xt th at th e j o b m ark ets h av e b een c hangin g d ay b y d ay,
peo ple w ith a h ig h d ip lo m a c an o bta in a f u lfillin g j o b w ith a h ig her s a la ry a nd
more a d vanced o pportu niti e s to b e a t th e p eak o f o nes’ c are er. F or e xam ple , i n
Vie tn am , p eo ple w ith h ig h q ualific ati o ns f r o m u niv ers iti e s c an b e r e sp ecte d m ore
in th e e yes o f s o cie ty d ue to th e h ig h s o cia l s ta nd in g th ey m ig ht g et.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s e v id ent th at e ith er o bta in in g a d egre e i n a u niv ers ity o r
work in g s tr a ig ht a fte r s c ho ols h as i ts o w n u niq ue a d vanta ges.
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171

SA M PL E 3 2
Team a ctiv it ie s c a n t e ach m ore s k ills f o r lif e t h an t h ose a ctiv it ie s w hic h a re
pla yed a lo ne. E xpla in t h e b enefit s o f e ach a nd g iv e y our o w n v ie w ?
There a re m any a cti v iti e s w hic h d ev elo p b asic s k ills f o r l ife . W hile m any p eo ple
belie v e th at te am w ork i s th e b est w ay to g ain m any s k ills , o th ers s u p port p la yin g
alo ne a s th is a p pro ach a ls o b rin gs a l o t o f b enefits f o r l ife . I a d m it th at g ro up
acti v iti e s tr a in p eo ple w ell / p ro vid e p eo ple w ith d ecent tr a in in g, b ut I a ls o
und ers ta nd th at b ein g a lo ne h as i ts u niq ue a d vanta ges.
Team w ork i s w ell- k no w n f o r g iv in g p eo ple th e c hance to p ra cti c e l e ad ers h ip s k ill
whic h i s e sse nti a l f o r s u ccess. A lm ost a ll th e m illio nair e s i n th e w orld a re th e
ta le nte d l e ad ers w ho m anage a nd a re r e sp onsib le f o r h und re d s o f p eo ple . B esid es,
te am a cti v iti e s s im ula te r e al s o cia l l ife i n w hic h c lo se i n te ra cti o ns a m ong te am
mem bers a re th e k ey p oin ts l e ad in g to f a ir c o m pro m is e a nd g o od r e su lts . T eam
mem bers l e arn to p ro pose th eir s u ggesti o ns, p ra cti c e n ego ti a ti o n a nd tr y to
pers u ad e th e w ho le te am to c o m e to th e c o m mon i d eas. T here fo re , l o ts o f s o cia l
sk ills a re a cq uir e d a fte r j o in in g te am a cti v iti e s.
On th e o th er h and , p eo ple w ho p la y o n th eir o w n p osse ss o th er p re cio us s k ills .
Fir s t, th ey h av e th e a b ility to p ay a tte nti o n to o nly o ne f ie ld o f i n te re st a nd f ig ure
out th e d iffic ulti e s e asily . O ne ( s m all) e xam ple s u p porti n g th is v ie w i s th at a c hild
pla yin g a p uzzle a lo ne c an f ix i t f a ste r th an a te am . G enera lly , w hen i t c o m es to
so lv in g p ro ble m s, th ese k in d o f p eo ple a re m ore d ecis iv e a nd i n d ep end ent,
th ere b y d ev is in g s o lu ti o ns r a p id ly w here as a te am n eed s ti m e to d is c uss a nd v ote
fo r a d ecis io n. S eco nd , w ork in g a lo ne e nab le s p eo ple to a cq uir e g o od s e lf-
dis c ip lin e a nd e ffe cti v e ti m e m anagem ent w hic h a re n ecessa ry s k ills o f
pro fe ssio nal p ers o ns. I n th e m odern l ife w here p ro ble m -s o lv in g s k ills a re h ig hly
re q uir e d , p eo ple w ho c an w ork i n d ep end entl y a re h ig hly a p pre cia te d a nd g et p lu s
poin t.
In c o nclu sio n, b oth k in d s o f a cti v iti e s h av e th eir o w n m erits . I a m o f th e o pin io n
th at w heth er p eo ple j o in te am a cti v iti e s o r w ork a nd r e se arc h a lo ne w ill b e o f
benefit to th eir s e lf- g ro w th to a c erta in e xte nt/ in s o m e a sp ects .
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172

SA M PL E 3 3
In m odern s o cie ty , it h as b een o bse rv ed t h at t h e e ld erly a re n ot d uly
re sp ecte d in s o m e c o untr ie s. D is c u ss t h e r e aso ns w hy t h is h as o ccu rre d a nd
th e e ffe cts it m ig ht h ave o n o ur s o cie ty .
In r e cent y ears , i t i s tr u e th at e ld erly p eo ple e nco unte r i n ad eq uate r e sp ect f r o m
yo unger g enera ti o ns. T here c o uld b e s e v era l r e aso ns w hy th is i s th e c ase a nd I
would a rg ue th at i t l e ad s to d etr im enta l i m pacts o n s o cie ty .
There a re a v arie ty o f e xp la nati o ns w hy y o ung i n d iv id uals s h o w l e ss r e sp ect f o r
th e e ld erly . T he d ete rio ra ti o n i n f a m ily a nd s o cia l i n te ra cti o ns i s th e f ir s t
pre curs o r o f th e p heno m eno n. A s a m atte r o f f a ct, a d ev elo ped w orld s w ays
peo ple to a d opt a h ecti c l ife sty le , e sp ecia lly i n m etr o polita n a re as, h ence th e
neglig ence o n o ld er f a m ily a nd c o m munity m em bers . S in ce f a m ily e ld erly
mem bers a re o fte n c o nsid ere d i r re le v ant to y o unger p eo ple ’s l iv es, th ey te nd to
und ere sti m ate m ora l v alu es a nd e xp re ss a l a ck o f r e sp ect a nd a tte nti o n to th e
eld erly . A no th er r e aso n w hy s e nio r c iti z e ns a re o fte n s h o w n l ittl e r e sp ect i s d ue to
a g enera ti o n g ap . I n f a ct, m any y o ung p eo ple b elie v e th at th e p erc ep ti o ns a nd
id eas o f o ld er p eo ple a re o utd ate d a nd i n co m pati b le w ith a m odern l ife ; th ey,
th ere fo re , s u p pose th at/ ju sti fy th at th ey c o uld b ehav e i n a s a rc asti c w ay w ith
eld erly p eo ple .
This tr e nd i s c ausin g s e v ere c o nse q uences o n e ach i n d iv id ual, a nd a s o cie ty a s a
who le . F ir s tl y , i t c o uld l e ad to p sy cho lo gic al i n flu ences a nd m enta l i lln esse s o n
old p eo ple , a s e nse o f d ep re ssio n o r i s o la ti o n f o r i n sta nce, a s th eir p re se nce i s n o t
ap pre cia te d b y y o unger p eo ple , p arti c ula rly th eir f a m ily m em bers . M ore
im porta ntl y , th is te nd ency/s o cia l s w in g w ould c ause th e m ora l d egra d ati o n o f th e
yo uth . S in ce y o ung p eo ple f in d i t u nnecessa ry to r e sp ect s e nio rs , th ey w ill s o on
sh o w n o r e sp ect to o th er h um an b ein gs. A dditi o nally , th ey w ill s u b se q uentl y f a il
to tr a nsm it th e p rim ary v alu es o f m utu al r e sp ect a nd a s e nse o f f a m ily /d om esti c
custo m s.
In c o nclu sio n, i m pro per r e sp ect to th e e ld erly i s c ause d b y s e v era l f a cto rs a nd th e
negati v e i n flu ences o f th is p ro ble m s h o uld b e ta ken i n to c o nsid era ti o n.
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173

SA M PL E 3 4
Som e p eople s a y t h at t o o m uch a tte ntio n a nd t o o m any r e so urc e s a re g iv en in
th e p ro te ctio n o f w ild a nim als a nd b ir d s. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s a rg ued th at to day p eo ple p ut a h uge a m ount o f a tte nti o n a nd a g re at n um ber o f
re so urc es to th e p ro te cti o n o f w ild s p ecie s. I c o m ple te ly d is a gre e w ith th is p oin t
of v ie w .
In m y o pin io n, th is i s a b su rd to a rg ue th at p eo ple /g o vern m ents a re p utti n g e no ugh
atte nti o n to th e p ro te cti o n o f w ild a nim als a nd b ir d s. I n f a ct, h um ans a re m ore
lik ely to d estr o y th e w ild life th an p ro te cti n g th em . N atu ra l h ab ita ts a re g ra d ually
vanis h ed d ue to th e n egati v e e ffe cts o f h um an a cti v iti e s o n w ild life . F urth erm ore ,
hum ans a re r e sp onsib le f o r c lim ate c hange, s te m min g f r o m th e d ev elo pm ent o f
in d ustr ia l r e v olu ti o n; th ere fo re , w ild s p ecie s c an h ard ly a d ap t to th e d ra m ati c
change o f c lim ate . A cti o ns n eed to b e ta ken i n o rd er to p ro te ct w ild a nim als a nd
bir d s i m med ia te ly . F or e xam ple , I n te rn ati o nal c o nfe re nce o n w ild life p ro te cti o n i s
necessa ry f o r c o untr ie s to c o lla b ora te o n s e arc hin g a n o pti m al w ay to p ro te cti n g
anim als a s w ell a s m akin g p eo ple m ore a w are o f th e i m porta nce o f w ild life
co nse rv ati o n.
I a ls o d is a gre e w ith th e i d ea th at th ere a re to o m any r e so urc es a re g iv en i n th e
pro te cti o n o f w ild a nim als a nd b ir d s. B uild in g n ew w ild life s a nctu arie s i s a n
esse nti a l w ay to p ro te ct w ild s p ecie s. I f th ere w as n o s a fe p la ce f o r a nim als , th ey
would b e e asily v uln era b le to th e n egati v e e ffe cts o f c lim ate c hange a nd h um an
acti v iti e s. F urth erm ore , h ir in g m ore f o re st g uard s c an e nsu re th e s u rv iv al o f
anim als f r o m i lle gal w ild life tr a d e. T ho se r e so urc es g iv en to th e p ro te cti o n o f
anim als a re n ecessa ry i n o rd er to k eep th e n atu ra l b ala nce o f a ll l iv es o n e arth .
In c o nclu sio n, a tte nti o n a nd r e so urc es a re n eed ed f o r th e s u rv iv al o f w ild s p ecie s,
and I b elie v e th at e v ery e ffe cti v e m eth o d m ust b e ta ken/c o nd ucte d to p ro te ct th em .
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174

SA M PL E 3 5
Today m ore a nd m ore p eople a re u sin g m obile p hones a nd c o m pute rs. T hus,
people a re lo sin g t h e a bilit y t o c o m munic a te f a ce t o f a ce . T o w hat e xte nt d o
you a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s a rg ued th at a lth o ugh m obile p ho nes a nd c o m pute rs p la y a n i m porta nt r o le i n
th e m odern s o cie ty to day, th ey p re v ent p eo ple f r o m th e f a ce-to -fa ce i n te ra cti o n. I
co m ple te ly a gre e w ith th is i d ea.
There a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy p eo ple h av e a te nd ency to u se h ig h-te ch
dev ic es i n th eir d aily l ife . F ir s tl y , m obile p ho nes a nd c o m pute rs a llo w p eo ple to
keep i n to uch e asily w ith e ach o th er. P eo ple a ro und th e w orld , e sp ecia lly w ho
liv e f a r a w ay f r o m th eir h o m es, c an c o nta ct q uic kly a nd c o nv enie ntl y w ith o ut
bein g c harg ed a g re at s u m o f m oney o n th e m obile l in e a s th e
in te ra cti o n/c o nta ct/ c o m munic ati o n i s p erfo rm ed b y a p plic ati o ns s u ch a s F aceb ook
or Z alo . S eco nd ly , m odern te chno lo gic al d ev ic es h elp s c ho ol l e av ers o r
unem plo yed p eo ple h av e a h ig her c hance to f in d a j o b. I n a h ig h-te ch e ra , m ost
em plo yers h av e u p lo ad ed th e r e cru itm ent a nd a re m ore l ik ely to r e ceiv e
ap plic ati o ns o n w eb site s, s o u sin g e le ctr o nic d ev ic es g iv es th em m ore
opportu niti e s to a p pro ach/g et a ccess to j o b i n fo rm ati o n/d esc rip ti o n a nd m ake a n
in sta nt a p plic ati o n.
At th e s a m e ti m e, h ig h-te ch d ev ic es m ig ht k eep u se rs f r o m m in im iz in g th eir f a ce-
to -fa ce c o nv ers a ti o n i n r e al l ife . I n f a ct, a l a rg e n um ber o f p eo ple s e em to
dis re gard to b uild a r e la ti o nsh ip w ith th eir f a m ilie s a nd tr u e f r ie nd s s in ce th ey
sp end m uch ti m e o n k eep in g th eir e yes g lu ed to s c re ens. T hey a re b usy w ith
sm artp ho nes to ta ke p ho to s, c heck i n o r c o m ment o n F aceb ook a nd i g no re
su rro und in g a cti v iti e s. T hey m ay p re fe r s h arin g th eir f e elin gs w ith v ir tu al f r ie nd s
to th eir f a m ily m em bers o r tr u e p eers . I n a d diti o n, i f u se rs u su ally i n te ra ct v ia
mobile p ho nes o r c o m pute rs , th ey a re l ik ely to d ecre ase s o m e c o m munic ati o n
sk ills s u ch a s e ye c o nta cts o r b ody l a nguage e xp re ssio ns.
In c o nclu sio n, I th in k i n s p ite o f a n i n d is p ensa b le r o le i n th e m odern l ife , m obile
pho nes, a s w ell a s c o m pute rs , a ls o h av e n egati v e i m pacts o n d ir e ct i n te ra cti o n.
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175

SA M PL E 3 6
It is m ore im porta nt f o r t h e g overn m ent t o s p end p ublic f u nds o n p ro m otin g a
healt h y lif e sty le t h an t r e atm ent.
Do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
One s c ho ol o f th o ught i s th at i n ste ad o f b ud geti n g to c ure i lln esse s, th e g o vern m ent
sh o uld f o cus f in ancia l r e so urc es o n s h ap in g a h ealth y l ife sty le a m ong c iti z e ns to
pre v ent h ealth i s su es. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I o bje ct to th is i d ea b ecause b oth
tr e atm ent a nd p re v enti o n a re e q ually i m porta nt.
On th e o ne h and , f u rth er i n v estm ent i n s im ula te p hysic al a cti v iti e s a nd e ra d ic ati n g
alc o ho l a d dic ti o n i s c ru cia l to r e d uce th e p ote nti a l th re at o f s e rio us a ilm ents . F ir s t
and f o re m ost, th e w orld h as b een w itn essin g a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f c ase s o f
obesity a nd h eart d is e ase s w hic h a re a lle ged ly u nd er th e i n flu ence o f s e d enta ry
life sty le . T here fo re , i t i s n ecessa ry f o r a uth o riti e s to c o nstr u ct m ore c o m munal
fa ciliti e s s u ch a s p ub lic p la ygro und s a nd g ard ens w ith th e a im to e nco ura ge
peo ple to a tte nd o utd oor a cti v iti e s. F urth erm ore , i t g o es w ith o ut s a yin g th at th e
popula r h ab it o f d rin kin g b eer o r w in e, i n V ie tn am f o r e xam ple , i s th e c ulp rit o f a
myria d o f tr a ffic a ccid ents a nd c ancers . T he V ie tn am ese g o vern m ent, h ence, h as to
gra nt e xtr a f u nd in gs to e d ucati o n c am paig ns to c hange p eo ple ’s p erc ep ti o n o f
drin kin g c ultu re a nd ti g hte nin g m anagem ent o f c o nsu m pti o n o f a lc o ho lic l iq uo r.
On th e o th er h and , a n e q ual c o ncentr a ti o n o f m oney i s e sse nti a lly r e q uir e d to b uild
extr a m ed ic al i n fr a str u ctu re a nd r e se arc h f o r m ore a d vanced m ed ic ati o n. T o
co m mence w ith , a p art f r o m d is e ase s a sso cia te d w ith th e u nhealth y s ty le o f l iv in g,
hum an b ein gs a re a fflic te d w ith i n nate d is o rd ers , n atu ra l e p id em ic s l ik e H 5N 1 o r
Ebola , a nd a ccid enta l i n ju rie s. T o b e e q ually i m porta nt, th o usa nd s o f p eo ple h av e
been d ia gno se d w ith n o t o nly th e c entu ry i lln ess n am ely A ID S b ut a ls o m any k in d s
of c ancers w hic h h av e n o o r l ittl e e ffe cti v e r e m ed ie s. B y v ir tu e o f th at, o nly w ith a
sig nific ant a m ount o f m oney s p ent o n i m pro vin g h ealth care s e rv ic e; e sta b lis h in g
ho sp ita ls a nd c lin ic s; a nd d is c o verin g n ew c ure s c an th e g o vern m ent p ro vid e
more m ed ic al a ccess to p ati e nts a nd g uara nte e th e w ell- b ein g o f h um an s o cie ty .
By w ay o f c o nclu sio n, o w in g to th e a fo re m enti o ned a rg um ents , I a m o f th e o pin io n
th at g o vern m ent s h o uld a llo cate e q ual m oney to b oth c ure s a nd e nco ura ge a
health y l ife sty le .
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176

SA M PL E 3 7
Som e p eople s p end m ore t im e r e adin g b ook s, w hile o th ers p re fe r t o w atc h
TV. T he f o rm er g ro up a re m ore lik ely t o d evelo p c re ativ e im agin atio ns a nd
have a m uch b ette r g ra sp o f la nguages s k ills . D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In to day’s w orld , th ere i s a s c ho ol o f th o ught th at r e ad in g e xerts m ore p ositi v e
im pacts o n i m agin ati o n a nd k no w le d ge o f l a nguages th an w atc hin g T V. I a m
co nv in ced b y th is o pin io n a lth o ugh I c o nced e th at w atc hin g T V a ls o c o uld c re ate
many b enefits .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u se fu l f o r p eo ple to w atc h T V b ecause o f th e f o llo w in g
re aso n. I f p eo ple p ay a tte nti o n to th e a ud ito ry a nd v is u al e ffe cts o f th e T V w hic h
books c o uld n o t c re ate , th ey c o uld h av e a n e xcelle nt h eati n g s y ste m . H av in g a
se nsiti v e/s im ula ti n g a ud ito ry , p eo ple c o uld i m pro ve th eir l is te nin g s k ills . T his
co nd iti o n i s a n a d vanta ge f o r p eo ple to l e arn a f o re ig n l a nguage. F or i n sta nce,
when s tu d ents s tu d y th e E nglis h l a nguage, th ey a re e nco ura ged to w atc h T V w ith
Englis h s u b ti tl e s to l is te n to E nglis h r e fle xiv ely . T his f a ct e xp la in s th at w atc hin g
TV m ig ht h elp p eo ple i m pro ve th eir l is te nin g s k ill o f f o re ig n l a nguages.
On th e o th er h and , m any b enefits w ould b e g ain ed i f p eo ple w ould r a th er r e ad
books th an w atc h T V. A p rim ary r e aso n c o uld b e th at b ooks d o n o t h av e m oti o n
pic tu re s l ik e T V. T here fo re , r e ad in g b ooks f o rc es p eo ple to b ra in sto rm to
und ers ta nd th e s to rie s i n b ooks i n d eta il. T hro ugh th is p ro cessin g b ra in o f
acti v ity , th e i m agin ati o n o f p eo ple m ay d ev elo p. T his h o bby/g o od h ab it c an a ls o
boost th e l a nguage p ro sp ect o f o ne, a cco unti n g f o r e q ual i m porta nce a s i ts
watc hin g T V c o unte rp art. W hen p eo ple r e ad b ooks, th ey w ould h av e th e
om nip re se nt a ccess to b oth w ord s a nd w riti n g s ty le s i n a b ook. C onse q uentl y , th ey
no t o nly h av e a n a b und ant v ocab ula ry , b ut a ls o a ccele ra te e nhancin g w riti n g s k ill
pro cess.
In c o nclu sio n, I a m a n a d vocate o f th e i d eas th at r e ad in g b ook c o uld e xert m ore
positi v e e ffe cts o n i m agin ati o n a nd k no w le d ge o f l a nguages th an th e a ct o f m ere ly
watc hin g T V.
285 w ord s
177

SA M PL E 3 8
Sm ok in g is a m ajo r c a use o f s e rio us illn esse s d eath t h ro ughout t h e w orld
to day. I n t h e in te re st o f t h e p ublic h ealt h , g overn m ents s h ould b an c ig are tte s
and o th er t o bacco p ro ducts . D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
The p ast 5 0 y ears h av e s e en a d ra m ati c i n cre ase o f d eath d ue to s m okin g. M any
peo ple a d opt a v ie w th at a uth o riti e s n eed to p ro hib it s e llin g a nd u sin g c ig are tte s
and o th er to bacco p ro ducts to ta ckle th is p ro ble m . I s tr o ngly a gre e w ith th is v ie w .
Fir s t o f a ll, i t i s c o m mon to r e co gniz e th at s m okin g i s o ne o f th e m ost p rim ary
cause s o f d eath . S cie nti s ts h av e i n te nse ly v erifie d th at s m okin g f o r m any y ears i s
re sp onsib le f o r l u ng c ancer a nd r e sp ir a to ry -re la te d c o nd iti o ns. A s w ell a s th is ,
sta ti s ti c s h av e s ig nific antl y p ro ved th at s m okin g d etr im enta lly a ffe cts n o t j u st th e
sm okers b ut a ls o th e n o n-s m okers . I n f a ct, w hen a m an s m okes i n a p ub lic p la ce,
ev ery o ne a ro und h im w ill i n hale th e to xic e m is sio n r e le ase d f r o m h is c ig are tte .
There fo re , i t i s u nd enia b le th at s m okin g th re ate ns th e h ealth o f th e s m okers a nd
ev en p eo ple l iv in g w ith h im o r h er p arti c ula rly h is o r h er b elo ved o nes.
Seco nd ly , s m okin g i s a ls o a f in ancia l b urd en o f c iti z e ns i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s.
In f a ct, th e to ugh l ife i n d uces p eo ple to f in d i t v ery d iffic ult to m ake e nd s m eet,
re su lti n g i n s u ffe rin g f r o m d ep re ssio n a nd s tr e ss. A s a r e su lt, th ey c o nsu m e
cig are tte s a s th e m ost e ffic ie nt w ay to r e la x a nd e sc ap e f r o m th e s a d ness.
Gra d ually , th at b eco m es a n i n d is p ensa b le h ab it i n th eir d aily l ife . T here fo re ,
sm okin g f r e q uentl y d ra in s th e s ig nific ant p art o f th eir f a m ily b ud gets w hic h m akes
th eir l iv es b eco m e h ard er a nd h ard er.
In c o nclu sio n, w ith th e e v id ence I h av e m enti o ned a b ove, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at
go vern m ents s h o uld p ro hib it s e llin g a nd a d verti s in g to bacco p ro ducts to p ro vid e a
health ie r q uality o f l ife to th e p ub lic .
259 w ord s
178

SA M PL E 3 9
Tobacco is a k in d o f d ru g. P eople h ave b een f r e e t o u se it . S om e p eople t h in k
th at it w ould b e ille gal t o u se it c o m pare d w it h o th er d ru gs. T o w hat e xte nt d o
you a gre e o r d is a gre e? W hat is y our o pin io n?
Every y ear, th o usa nd s o f p eo ple d ie f r o m s m okin g to bacco a ll o ver th e w orld .
Som e h o ld th e v ie w th at to bacco s h o uld b e p ro hib ite d to u se . I d o n o t to ta lly a gre e
with th is v ie w . I n th is e ssa y, I s h all g iv e r e aso ns to s u p port m y a rg um ent a nd f o rm
my o pin io n.
To b egin w ith , to bacco e sp ecia lly c ig are tte s h av e m any d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n
peo ple ’s h ealth . D ru g a b use i s a k ey f a cto r w hic h c ause s th e l u ng c ancer a nd a
gre at p ossib ility o f h eart a tta ck o r d enta l p ro ble m s. M ore o ver, u sin g to bacco
giv es s m okers a h ig h c hance o f a n e arly g ra v e a nd i t h o ld s tr u e f o r th o se w ho a re
aro und s m okers d ue to s e co nd -h and s m oke. W om en w ho a re p re gnant w ill b e
se rio usly a ffe cte d b y th e a cti v e s m okers , th us i t c an d ev elo p c o ngenita l d efe cts f o r
th e b ab y l a te r. T here fo re , a to bacco p ro hib iti o n s e em s to b e a m ust.
How ev er, th ere a re m any d ra w backs o f to bacco b annin g. F ir s tl y , s o m e s m okers
who o ppose th is r e gula ti o n c an f o rm a n o rg aniz e d c rim e s o th at th ey c an b e f r e e to
use to bacco . A s a r e su lt, th ere i s a n i n cre ase i n v io le nce b ecause th ese
org aniz a ti o ns a re a gain st th e p olic e’s a cti o ns. T his c an m ake th e s o cie ty b eco m es
more c o m plic ate d th an e v er. H ence, th is p olic y c anno t w ork w ell a s i t i s b elie v ed .
Seco nd ly , m anufa ctu rin g o f d ru g c an g enera te a l o t o f b enefits th at p ro sp er a
co untr y a s a w ho le . T his i n co m e c o m es f r o m th e ta x w hic h c o m panie s, a s w ell a s
co nsu m ers , h av e to p ay. A dditi o nal, d ru g f a cto rie s a llo w ed to o pera te w ill c re ate
more e m plo ym ent c hances f o r j o b s e ekers . T his c an l e ad to a g ro w th o f s ta nd ard s
of l iv in g f o r r e sid ents .
Thus, i n m y o pin io n, th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p ut c o ntr o ls o n- th e m anufa ctu rin g a nd
co nsu m pti o n o f to bacco i n ste ad o f e nfo rc in g a p ro hib ite d r e gula ti o n. T he r e aso n
fo r th is i s th at g o vern m ent m ay h av e a h uge l o ss o f i n co m e a nd d eal w ith th e
unsta b le s o cia l i s su es.
To p ut i t i n to th e n uts h ell, I p en d ow n w ith m y v ie w th at to bacco s h o uld n o t b e
banned b ut i t s h o uld b e p ut i n to th e l im its to e nsu re th e s o cie ty ’s h ealth a s w ell a s
eco no m y.
330 w ord s
179

SA M PL E 4 0
The c o nsu m ptio n o f t h e w orld ’s r e so urc e s ( o il, a nd w ate r, e tc .) is in cre asin g a t
a d angero us r a te . W hat a re t h e c a use s a nd s o lu tio ns?
It i s tr u e th at r e so urc es s u ch a s w ate r a nd o il a re d ecre asin g r a p id ly a s th e r e su lt
of o vere xp lo ita ti o n. T here i s a n um ber o f r e aso ns b ehin d th is p heno m eno n a nd
so lu ti o ns m ust b e a p plie d to r e so lv e th e p ro ble m .
There a re s e v era l m ain r e aso ns w hy th e c o nsu m pti o n o f th e w orld ’s r e so urc es i s
ris in g a t a d angero us r a te . F ir s tl y , w orld ’s p opula ti o n i s b allo onin g s ig nific antl y ,
esp ecia lly i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s. A s a r e su lt o f th is tr e nd , m ore a nd m ore
re so urc es a re n eed ed to s e rv e a g re at d em and o f o ver 7 b illio n p eo ple o n E arth .
Seco nd ly , th e r is in g i n th e s ta nd ard o f l iv in g a ls o c o ntr ib ute s a n i m porta nt f a cto r
to th is tr e nd . F or e xam ple , m illio ns o f o il’s b arre ls a re b ein g e xp lo ite d to f ill u p a
la rg e n um ber o f v ehic le s s u ch a s c ars a nd m oto rb ik es. F in ally , th e d ev elo pm ent o f
petr o le um a nd c o al i n d ustr ie s a ls o p la ys a s ig nific ant r o le i n th e tr e nd o f
overe xp lo ita ti o n. W ith th e u nd oub te d e co no m ic p ro fits w hic h o fte n c o ntr ib ute th e
main r e v enues to s o m e c o untr ie s, i t i s r e ally d iffic ult to e nco ura ge g o vern m ents to
re d uce th o se e xp lo ite d a cti v iti e s.
Measu re s m ust b e ta ken b y g o vern m ents , s c ie nti s ts , a nd e nerg y i n v esto rs to
re so lv e th e p ro ble m . G overn m ents s h o uld e nco ura ge p eo ple to s a v e w ate r a nd
energ y th ro ugh s o cia l e v ents s u ch a s “ E arth H our” . T ho se e v ents a re th e e ffic ie nt
way to m ake p eo ple m ore a w are a b out th e o verc o nsu m pti o n o f r e so urc es w hic h
has a n egati v e i m pact o n th e e nv ir o nm ent. A no th er m easu re i s th at s c ie nti s ts
sh o uld c o lla b ora te w ith e nerg y i n v esto rs to r e se arc h a nd e xp and th e u se o f
re new ab le e nerg y. F or e xam ple , s o la r a nd w in d e nerg y a re e xp ecte d to r e p la ce
fo ssil f u els s u ch a s c o al a nd o il i n th e f u tu re . B y a d opti n g th o se n ew r e new ab le
re so urc es, p eo ple w ill s o on n o l o nger d am age th e e nv ir o nm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, s o m e r e aso ns w hy th e c o nsu m pti o n o f w orld ’s r e so urc es i s c re asin g
sig nific antl y c an b e i d enti fie d , a nd s o m e s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e a d opte d to h and le
th at p ro ble m .
303 w ord s
180

SA M PL E 4 1
In r e ce nt y ears, t h e s tr u ctu re o f a f a m ily a nd t h e r o le o f it s m em bers a re
gra dually c h angin g.
What k in ds o f c h anges c a n o ccu r?
Do y ou t h in k t h ese c h anges a re p osit iv e o r n egativ e?
Over th e p ast d ecad es, th e p atte rn s o f f a m ily l ife h av e b een g re atl y d iv ers ifie d .
There a re s o m e c hanges r e gard in g i ts s tr u ctu re a nd m em bers ’ r o le ; a nd th ese
changes, i n m y p ers p ecti v e, c an b e s e en a s a p ro gre ss.
There a re tw o m ain d iffe re nces i n f a m ilie s a t p re se nt c o m pare d to th e p ast. F ir s t
of a ll, th e s tr u ctu re o f n ucle ar f a m ily n o w c an h av e m ore th an o ne b re ad w in ner,
who i s n o rm ally th e f a th er. I t i s d ue to th e f a ct th at i n a d ev elo ped w orld , o nly a
fe w j o bs c o uld g uara nte e th e f in ancia l s ta b ility o f a f a m ily , w hic h f o rc es b oth
partn ers to b e th e s u p porte rs . S eco nd ly , th e tr e nd th at p are nts e xchange th eir r o le s
has b eco m e m ore c o m mon. A s a m atte r o f f a ct, m oth ers n o w a re o f e q ual
opportu niti e s f o r e d ucati o n a nd w ork , w hic h a llo w s th em to p urs u e th eir c are er.
As a r e su lt, s ta y-a t- h o m e d ad s, w ho ta ke a r e sp onsib ility to ta ke c are o f th e
child re n a nd h o use ho ld c ho re s, h av e g ain ed p opula rity a m ong m odern f a m ilie s.
In m y o pin io n, th ese c hanges i n th e f a m ily ’s s tr u ctu re a nd p are nta l r o le s a re
positi v e f o r s e v era l r e aso ns. T o b egin w ith , th at b oth p are nts c an b eco m e
bre ad w in ners w ould s ta b iliz e th e f in ance o f a f a m ily , w hic h n o t o nly d ir e ctl y
ease s th e b urd en th at th e f a th er h as to b ear i n o rd er to s u p port th e f a m ily b ut a ls o
enab le s th e m oth er to c hase a fte r h er d re am j o b. A dditi o nally , i t i s a n u p w ard s te p
th at p eo ple a re a t th e l ib erty to d o w hat th ey l ik e o r w hat th ey a re g o od a t. I n o th er
word s, w om en n o w c o uld f o llo w th eir d re am a nd a t th e s a m e ti m e s e cure h er
fa m ily f in ancia l s ta tu s.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at th e c hanges to w ard s th e h ie ra rc hy a nd m em bers ’
re sp onsib iliti e s o f a f a m ily a re a p ositi v e s te p to a b ette r w orld .
288 w ord s
181

Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
Over 5 0 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 4 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
182

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
183

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1
SA M PL E 4 2
SA M PL E 4 3
SA M PL E 4 4
SA M PL E 4 5
SA M PL E 4 6
SA M PL E 4 7
184

SA M PL E 4 8
SA M PL E 4 9
SA M PL E 5 0
SA M PL E 5 1

185

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 5 0 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 4 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
50 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
186

SA M PL E 1
In te rn atio nal t o uris m h as b ro ught e norm ous b enefit s t o m any p la ce s. A t t h e
sa m e t im e, t h ere is c o nce rn a bout it s im pacts o n lo ca l in habit a nts a nd t h e
envir o nm ent. D o t h e d is a dvanta ges o f in te rn atio nal t o uris m o utw eig h t h e
advanta ges?
In te rn ati o nal to uris m b eco m es i n cre asin gly p opula r a ll o ver th e w orld . W hile I
accep t th at th is tr e nd c an s o m eti m es h av e h arm fu l i m pacts o n l o cal i n hab ita nts a nd
th e e nv ir o nm ent, I b elie v e th at i t i s m ore l ik ely to h av e p ositi v e e ffe cts .
On th e o ne h and , i n te rn ati o nal to uris m c an b e s tr e ssfu l f o r a n um ber o f r e aso ns.
Fir s tl y , l o cal r e sid ents w ould b e i n v olv ed i n u nav oid ab le e ffe cts . S om e f o re ig ners
who d o n o t u nd ers ta nd l o cal d is ti n cti v e c o nv enti o ns a re w illin g to b ehav e i n a
bad w ay w ith p eo ple l iv in g th ere . C onse q uentl y , d om esti c r e sid ents n o l o nger
hav e a s y m path eti c v ie w w ith f o re ig n to uris ts . S eco nd ly , i n te rn ati o nal tr a v el c an
cause d etr im enta l p ro ble m s f o r th e e nv ir o nm ent. S om e i m polite tr a v elle rs n o t o nly
sp eak l o ud ly i n ste ad o f k eep in g to uris t d esti n ati o ns p eacefu l a s r e gula ti o n b ut a ls o
th ro w a l o t o f r u b bis h i n to th o se p la ces. A s a r e su lt, th e i m age o f th e h o st c o untr y
will d ecre ase d ra m ati c ally .
How ev er, I w ould a rg ue th at th ese d ra w backs a re o utw eig hed b y th e b enefits . T he
fir s t r e aso n i s th at th anks to th is to uris m d ev elo pm ent, th e h o st c o untr y e asily
enhance i ts a ttr a cti v e i m age to th e w orld . F or e xam ple , s o m e d is ti n cti v e c usto m s
are b ro ad caste d w id ely to d ra w to uris t’ s a tte nti o n to c o m e to v is it a nd l e arn m ore
ab out th e c o untr y . L ast b ut n o t l e ast, th is e nhancem ent a ls o b rin gs a n e co no m ic
effic ie ncy to th e d om esti c c o untr y b ecause to uris m i s c o nsid ere d o ne o f th e m ost
ad vanta geo us i n d ustr ie s a t p re se nt. T here w ill b e m ore to uris ts s p end in g th eir
tr a v ellin g b ud get o n c o m fo rta b le s e rv ic es p ro vid ed b y th e l o cal c o m panie s. T hat
re su lts i n a s ig nific ant r e v enue f r o m th is to uris m a nd s e rv ic e i n d ustr y .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at th e p ositi v e b enefits o f i n te rn ati o nal to uris m a re
more c o nsid era b le th an th e p ote nti a l i m ped im ents .
305 w ord s
187

SA M PL E 2
Hum an a ctiv it ie s h ave n egativ e e ffe cts o n p la nts a nd a nim als s p ecie s. S om e
people t h in k t h at it is t o o la te t o d o a nyth in g a bout t h is p ro ble m . O th er
people b elie ve t h at e ffe ctiv e m easu re s c a n b e t a k en t o im pro ve t h e s it u atio n.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
It i s tr u e th at h um an d ev elo pm ent h as b een d etr im enta l to o th er s p ecie s o n o ur
pla net. W hile s o m e p eo ple th in k th at th ere a re v ery f e w m easu re s th at c an b e ta ken
to s a v e th e l ife o f p la nts a nd a nim als , I b elie v e th at th ere a re s ti ll m any
opportu niti e s f o r h um ans to c o rre ct w hat th ey h av e d one a nd p ro te cte d w ild life
fr o m d ev asta ti o n.
On th e o ne h and , to m eet th e i n cre ase i n p opula ti o n a nd o th er h um an d em and s, a n
in cre asin g i n th e n um ber o f f o re st a re as h av e b een c ut d ow n to m ake l a nd
av aila b le f o r f a rm in g, o r th e l iv es o f m arin e a nim als a re b ein g e nd angere d d ue to
in d ustr ia l w aste . T hese a cti v iti e s d am age th e n atu ra l h ab ita ts o f a nim als a nd
pla nts , a nd l e d to th e e xti n cti o n o f s o m e s p ecie s. I t i s to ugh to a d m it th at e v en w ith
th e m ost m odern te chno lo gie s, p eo ple c anno t b rin g b ack th e l ife o f s p ecie s th at
were k ille d .
How ev er, I b elie v e th at h um ans a re n o w a w are o f th e a d vanta ges o f th e d iv ers ity
of th e e co sy ste m , a nd g o vern m ents to geth er w ith s c ie nti s ts a re d oin g th eir b est to
sa v e e nd angere d p la nts a nd a nim als . F or i n sta nce, n o n-g o vern m enta l o rg aniz a ti o ns
la unch v ario us c am paig ns to r a is e th e a w are ness o f p eo ple o n th e i m porta nce o f
pro te cti n g w ild -a nim als . R ecentl y , m any c ele b riti e s th ro ugho ut th e w orld h av e
ad vocate d f o r b oyco tti n g p ro ducts m ad e f r o m th re ate ned s p ecie s. M ore o ver, i n
our d aily l ife , w e a re e d ucate d to r e cycle a nd b uy s u sta in ab le p ro ducts f r o m
bam boo o r w ood to p ro te ct s p ecie s l iv es i n f o re sts . B esid es th at, th e s im ple
acti o n l ik e p la cin g d ecals o n th e w in d ow s i n o rd er to k eep b ir d s f r o m c o llid in g
with th em i s th e s im ple th in g w e c an d o to s a v e o ur p la net.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh i t i s to o l a te to d o a nyth in g f o r e xti n ct s p ecie s, I s tr o ngly
belie v e th at th ere a re m any th in gs w e c an d o to c re ate s a fe r h ab ita ts f o r e xis ti n g.
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SA M PL E 3
Pris o n is t h e c o m mon w ay in m ost c o untr ie s t o s o lv e t h e p ro ble m o f c rim e.
How ever, a m ore e ffe ctiv e s o lu tio n is t o p ro vid e p eople w it h a b ette r
educa tio n. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e m ost e ffe cti v e w ay to m in im iz e c rim es.
While I a gre e th at p ris o n c an b e a g o od s o lu ti o n to s o lv e c rim es, I w ould a ls o
arg ue th at i t i s b ette r i f th e g o vern m ent e d ucate s c iti z e ns to r e d uce th e p ro ble m o f
crim e.
On th e o ne h and , I a gre e th at p ris o n i s a n ecessa ry m easu re to h elp th e g o vern m ent
deal w ith c rim e. F ir s tl y , th is i s a n e ffe cti v e m eth o d to p unis h p eo ple w ho c o m mit
crim es. F or e xam ple , th o se w ho c o m mit m urd er i n m any n ati o ns c an f a ce a l ife
se nte nce. A s a r e su lt, e v ery o ne c an b e a fr a id o f s o m e p unis h m ents w ho a re l e ss
lik ely to c o m mit a c rim e. S eco nd ly , w hen o ffe nd ers a re k ep t i n j a ils , th ey w ill n o t
get o ut a nd i n te ra ct w ith o th er p eo ple i n s o cie ty . T his c o ntr ib ute s to m akin g s u re
ev ery o ne i s s a fe . I f s e rio us o ffe nd ers a re n o t s e nt to p ris o ns, th is c an b e a g re at
th re at to o th ers .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at e d ucati n g c iti z e ns i s a b ette r w ay to r e d uce th e
pro ble m o f c rim es. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at th ere a re m any c rim es th at o ccur f r o m
th e l a ck o f a w are ness. F or i n sta nce, m any p eo ple d o n o t k no w th at h av in g
in te rc o urs e w ith a n u nd era ge i s i lle gal. T here fo re , i t i s n ecessa ry to e d ucate
in d iv id uals a b out th e l a w a nd th is c an h elp th em a v oid m akin g m is ta kes. B esid es,
when p eo ple a re p ro perly e d ucate d , th ey c an h av e s u ffic ie nt k no w le d ge a nd
esse nti a l a b iliti e s to g et a j o b to s u p port th em se lv es. T his c an c o ntr ib ute to th e
re d ucti o n o f s o m e ty p es o f c rim es s u ch a s r o bbery a nd b urg la ry .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile p ris o n i s a n e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o n to p unis h c rim in als , I w ould
agre e th at e d ucati o n i s a b ette r w ay to r e d uce s o cia l e v ils .
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189

SA M PL E 4
Som e p eople t h in k t h at t h ere s h ould b e s o m e s tr ic t c o ntr o ls a bout n ois e .
Oth ers t h in k t h at t h ey c o uld j u st m ak e a s m uch n ois e a s t h ey w ant. D is c u ss
both v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
While m any p eo ple a rg ue th at n o is e s h o uld b e l im ite d to a n a p pro pria te l e v el,
oth ers b elie v e th at i t i s th eir f r e ed om to p ro duce a s m uch n o is e a s th ey w ant. I
pers o nally a rg ue i t w ould b e b ette r to r e d uce n o is e .
On th e o ne h and , n o is e p la ys v ario us r o le s i n d aily l ife a s p eo ple m ake u se o f i t
fo r p le nty o f p urp ose s. M ore o ver, i n s o m e c ase s, i t w ould b e m ore e ffe cti v e i f
lo ud er n o is e s a re ta ken a d vanta ge o f. I n th e f ie ld o f e nte rta in m ent, i f th e n o is e w as
str ic tl y c o ntr o lle d , s o m e a ud ie nces m ig ht f in d i t d iffic ult to l is te n c le arly to m usic
and s in ger’s v oic e b ecause th o se s h o w s a re u su ally h eld i n a w id e-o pen s p ace
su ch a s s ta d iu m s. I n th e f ie ld o f m ark eti n g, l o ud n o is e s c o uld c o ntr ib ute to
dra w in g th e a tte nti o n o f c o nsu m ers b y p la cin g s p eakers i n f r o nt o f s to re s to p la y
ear-c atc hin g m usic . T o s u m u p , i t i s e v id ent th at p eo ple h av e th e r ig ht to e xp lo it
no is e f o r th eir o w n a im s.
On
th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th e g o vern m ent s h o uld i m pose to ugh l a w s to k eep
no is e u nd er c o ntr o l. T his i s m ain ly b ecause n o is e s, p arti c ula rly th o se a re o f
exceed ed v olu m e, h av e d etr im enta l i m pacts o n h um ans. F ir s tl y , th ey c o uld tr ig ger
se v era l p hysic al d is o rd ers s u ch a s h earin g l o ss, w hic h w ould e v entu ally r e su lt i n
bein g p erm anentl y d eaf. S eco nd ly , m odern iz a ti o n p ro cess c re ate s s o m any
in tr u siv e s o und s th at c o uld l e ad to m any s e rio us m enta l h ealth p ro ble m s f o r u rb an
citi z e ns. F or i n sta nce, r e sid ents l iv in g n ear a re as o f c o nstr u cti n g a re l ik ely to
su ffe r f r o m i n so m nia c ause d b y th o se i r rita ti n g n o is e s.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s u nd enia b le th at a lth o ugh p eo ple c o uld g enera te n o is e i n th eir
ow n w ay, th ey s h o uld c o nsid er f o r o th ers b y c o ntr o llin g th e a m ount o f n o is e th ey
pro duce.
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SA M PL E 5
A g ro w in g n um ber o f p eople f e el t h at a nim als s h ould n ot b e e xplo it e d b y
people a nd t h at t h ey s h ould h ave t h e s a m e r ig hts a s a h um an, w hile o th ers
arg ue t h at h um ans m ust e m plo y a nim als t o s a tis fy t h eir v ario us n eeds,
in clu din g u se f o r f o ods a nd r e se arc h .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
It i s a rg ued th at a nim als s h o uld h av e e q ual r ig hts a s a h um an b ein g o r s h o uld b e
use d f o r h um an’s p urp ose s. W hile s o m e i n d iv id uals s u ggest th at a nim als s h o uld b e
pro te cte d b y l a w s o f a nim al r ig hts , I w ould a rg ue th at i t w ould b e b ette r to e m plo y
anim als a p pro pria te ly a nd e ffe cti v ely to i m pro ve o ur q uality o f l ife .
On th e o ne h and , s o m e p eo ple th in k th at a nim als s h o uld b e p ro te cte d b y l a w s
because th ey h av e e q ual r ig hts a s h um an l iv in g to geth er o n th e e arth . F ir s tl y , i f
th ey d on’t d o a nyth in g d am agin g o r h arm fu l to h um ans’ l iv es, w e s h o uld r e sp ect
th em a nd d o n o t d o a nyth in g th at m ig ht th re ate n th eir e xis te nces. I t i s o bvio us th at
anim als h elp to b ala nce o ur e co -s y ste m a nd m ake o ur n atu re b eco m es m ore
div ers e . S eco nd ly , s o m e a nim als a re o ur g o od f r ie nd s f r o m a l o ng ti m e a go . F or
exam ple , d ogs a nd c ats c an l iv e w ith p eo ple a s th eir f r ie nd s a nd m ake u s h ap py
and s a fe . E ventu ally , d ogs c an h elp p eo ple h unti n g a nd p la y a s g uard s to p ro te ct
poultr ie s i n f a rm s.
On th e o th er h and , i t w ould b e m ore u se fu l i f w e c an e m plo y a nim als
ap pro pria te ly f o r s p ecific p urp ose s s u ch a s f o od s o urc e a nd r e se arc h. F ir s tl y ,
anim als s h o uld b e u se d e ffe cti v ely to p ro vid e s u ffic ie nt n utr iti o n f o r o ur d aily
die t. W e c anno t h av e e no ugh e nerg y a nd m usc le s w ith o ut e ati n g f is h a nd m eat.
Seco nd ly , a nim als s h o uld b e u se d e ffe cti v ely i n s o m e e xp erim ents th at c o uld n’t b e
carrie d o ut o n h um ans. F or e xam ple , r a ts a nd r a b bits a re u se d q uite o fte n i n
vaccin ati o n l a b ora to rie s to h elp h um an f in d o ut th e a p pro pria te v accin e to a gain st
se rio us d is e ase s s u ch a s m ala ria , H IV , a nd f lu . T hir d ly , i f h um ans d on’t i n te rv ene
th e a nim als ’ d ev elo pm ent, th ey m ig ht i n cre ase v ery f a st a nd w ill h av e n egati v e
effe cts o n h um an. O ne g o od e xam ple o f th is i s th e a ct o f c o ntr o llin g th e n um ber o f
kangaro os i n A ustr a lia i n o rd er to k eep th eir p opula ti o n g ro w s a t a s a fe l e v el f o r
hum an b ein g a nd e co sy ste m .
To s u m u p , a nim als s h o uld b e p ro te cte d b y a nim al r ig hts a s w ell a s u se d
ap pro pria te ly i n o rd er to m ain ta in a b ala nce o f th e e co -s y ste m a nd u se fu lly s e rv ed
so m e s p ecific h um an’s p urp ose s.
191

330 w ord s
192

SA M PL E 6
As w ell a s m ak in g m oney, b usin esse s a ls o h ave s o cia l r e sp onsib ilit ie s. T o w hat
exte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Busin esse s u se d to m ere ly f o cus o n m akin g p ro fits . H ow ev er, c o rp ora te s o cia l
re sp onsib iliti e s a re b eco m in g i n cre asin gly e sse nti a l i n to day's c o m merc ia l w orld .
I a b so lu te ly c o ncur w ith th e i d ea th at e ntr e p re neurs s h o uld m ake c o ntr ib uti o ns to
so cie ty a p art f r o m f o cusin g o n p ro fit- m akin g.
On th e o ne h and , I a d m it b usin esse s m ust m ake m oney. A cco rd in g to M ilto n
Frie d m an, th ere i s o ne a nd o nly o ne s o cia l r e sp onsib ility o f b usin ess - to u se i ts
re so urc es a nd e ngage i n a cti v iti e s d esig ned to i n cre ase i ts p ro fits ( C ap ita lis m a nd
Fre ed om ). C onglo m era te s n eed to s e rv e th e b est i n te re sts o f s h are ho ld ers ,
em plo yees, a nd c usto m ers . S im ulta neo usly , th ey h av e to i n v est i n b uild in gs,
uti liti e s, a nd i n no vati o ns i n o rd er to r e m ain s u ccessfu l. I f a c o m pany l a cks th e
cap acity f o r p ayin g i ts b ills a nd tr a nches, a ll e ffo rts to w ard s c o rp ora te s o cia l
re sp onsib iliti e s w ill b eco m e i n sig nific ant. I n o th er w ord s, o nly w hen a f ir m h as
fin ancia l s ta b ility , c an i t c o ntr ib ute p ositi v ely to s o cie ty .
On th e o th er h and , c o m panie s s h o uld n o t b e o pera te d w ith th e o nly d esir e o f
maxim iz in g p ro fits . T hey n eed to a chie v e s o m e s o cia l m is sio ns s o th at th ey c an d o
busin ess e th ic ally a nd m in im iz e n egati v e e nv ir o nm enta l i m pacts . I a ls o s u p port th e
id eas th at b usin esse s r a is e f u nd s o r d onati o ns, p arti c ip ate i n c harita b le a cti v iti e s,
and i n cre ase a h ig h s e nse o f e m plo yees’ j o b s a ti s fa cti o n. A s f a r a s I h av e k no w n,
many c o nglo m era te s h av e e sta b lis h ed v ario us p ro gra m s a nd s tr a te gie s to a chie v e
a b ala nce b etw een th e p ro fita b ility a nd r e sp onsib ility . T akin g A pple a nd
Mic ro so ft a s ty p ic al e xam ple s, tw o w ell- k no w n m ulti n ati o nal c o m panie s i n
in fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy i n d ustr y a re s u b sta nti a l d em onstr a ti o ns o f th ese a cti o ns.
To i n clu d e, I th in k i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at b usin esse s h av e p ro fit- m akin g
am enab ility , b ut th is i s b y n o m eans s o le m is sio n i n th e l o ng-te rm v ia b ility o f
ev ery c o nglo m era te i n c utth ro at c o m peti ti o n n o w ad ays.
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193

SA M PL E 7
Som e p eople s a y t h at t o s o lv e t o day’s g lo bal p ro gra m e very n atio n s h ould
have a g ood r e la tio nsh ip w it h o th er n atio ns. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ent? W hat d o y ou t h in k a bout c o opera tio n a nd
co m munic a tio n b etw een c o untr ie s?
The w orld to day i s c o nfr o nti n g m any i s su es, a nd to r e so lv e th ese r e q uir e s a ll
nati o ns to k eep a g o od c o nnecti o n a lto geth er. I to ta lly a gre e w ith th is n o ti o n a nd
asse rt th at th e u nific ati o n w hen a c o untr y a tte m pts to c o opera te a nd c o m munic ate
to o th ers i s v ita l to f o ste r h ealth y d ev elo pm ent o f g lo bal e co no m y a nd s o cie ty .
It i s u nd enia b le th at s in ce a ll h um ans s ta rte d to l iv e o n th e s a m e l a nd , th e E arth ,
ev ery i n d iv id ual n ati o n a p pare ntl y s h o uld g et i n to uch w ell w ith o th er c o untr ie s to
asc erta in th at e v ery i s su e r e la te d to ( tr o ub le so m e) p ro ble m s i n e co no m ic al- s o cia l
te rm s c an b e e ffe cti v ely s o lv ed . F or e xam ple , g lo bal i s su es l ik e c lim ate c hange
canno t b e d ecease d c o m ple te ly u nle ss e v ery n ati o n c o m mits to c utti n g d ow n f u m e
em is sio n n o t o nly f r o m g re en c am paig ns f o r f u el ta x b ut a ls o f r o m
env ir o nm enta lly -fr ie nd ly f a cto rie s e nco ura gem ent. F urth erm ore , g o od r e la ti o nsh ip
over th e w orld m eans n o w ar o n th e g lo be, w hic h s y m bolis e s p eace a nd
fr ie nd sh ip , w hic h i s i n d is p ensa b le to r e lie v e th e i n te rn ati o nal c o nflic ts .
Notw ith sta nd in g, n eig hb our n ati o ns c anno t a v oid s o m e d is a gre em ent, s u ch a s
politi c s, o r i n v asio ns b eyo nd b ord ers o f l a nd o r o cean, th e s e ein g-e ye-to -e ye
re la ti o nsh ip c an h elp th em m ed ia te th em se lv es a nd s o lv e g lo bal i s su es m uch
easie r th an th e c ase w ith i n te rv enin g o f n ego ti a to rs .
Base d o n w hat i s m enti o ned , ( th e) c o opera ti o n a nd c o m munic ati o n a re v ita l f o r
th e b ala nce a nd h ealth o f e co no m y a nd s o cie ty o f a ll c o untr ie s. W hile c o opera ti o n
help s to s o lv e th e g lo bal i s su es i n te rm s o f e co no m ic c hao s l ik e r e gre ssio n, th e
te am w ork b etw een n ati o ns i n d ic ate s th at e v ery c o untr y c an h av e a c hance to h elp
th eir f r ie nd c o untr ie s b ette r. F or i n sta nce, r e fu gees f lo odin g to s m elti n g s p ots ,
fo rc in g th e c o untr ie s i n d iffe re nt w orld s h av e r ig ht a nd e ffic ie nt a cti o ns to ta ckle
th is p ro ble m th ro ugh s h akin g h and a nd f in d in g th e s o lu ti o n f r o m g lo bal a id s to
enhance th e s ta nd ard s o f l iv in g i n a ny p la ce o n a ny c o nti n ent. M eanw hile , b y
co m munic ati o n, e v ery c o untr y c an s h are i ts s u ccess a nd d is c uss i ts p ro ble m s, f r o m
whic h i t c an p erfe ct i ts e co no m y, b oost th e d ev elo pm ent a nd r e se arc h
in te rn ati o nally . F urth erm ore , c o m munic ati o n a ssis ts to e ase th e c o nflic ts o n l a nd
or o cean, e sp ecia lly i n c o untr ie s/r e gio ns w ith p ote nti a l e co no m ic b enefits s u ch a s
oil r e so urc es o r f is h in g d iv ers ity .
194

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195

SA M PL E 8
Som e p eople t h in k t h at s c h ools s h ould r e w ard s tu dents w ho s h ow t h e b est
aca dem ic r e su lt s , w hic h o th ers b elie ve t h at it is m ore im porta nt t o r e w ard
stu dents w ho s h ow im pro vem ents .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
It i s u niv ers a lly b elie v ed th at r e w ard s s h o uld b e p re se nte d to s tu d ents w ho e xcel
in th eir s tu d y. W hile th is i s v alid to a c erta in e xte nt, I c o nte nd th at r e w ard in g
stu d ents w ho m ake i m pre ssiv e p ro gre ss i s a s u p erio r o pti o n.
It i s u nd ers ta nd ab le w hy s o m e p eo ple a d vocate r e w ard in g th e e lite s tu d ent o nly .
The k ey r a ti o nale i s th at th ey h av e a p plie d th em se lv es i n o rd er to a chie v e th e b est
perfo rm ance, s o i t m akes s e nse th at th eir e ffo rts e arn th em th e p ra is e s a nd
priv ile ges o ver th o se w ith l e sse r a chie v em ents . H ow ev er, th is th in kin g i s f la w ed ,
as i t m ay h av e a n a d vers e e ffe ct o n th e r e st o f th e s tu d ents . T hey w ould f e el
overw helm ed b y th e f a ct th at th ey c an n ev er c o m pete , th en g ra d ually b eco m e
dis h earte ned . A s a r e su lt, th ey m ay b e r e lu cta nt to s tu d y h ard er, l e ad in g to l a g
behin d th eir p eers a nd th e s c ho ol’s o vera ll p erfo rm ance m ay b e d ete rio ra te d .
In ste ad o f th e a fo re m enti o ned a p pro ach, I a m o f th e o pin io n th at n o t o nly
outs ta nd in g s tu d ents b ut a ls o th o se w ho a sp ir e to g et b ette r p erfo rm ance s h o uld b e
re w ard ed . T his w ould i n centi v iz e a ll to b e d ilig ent i n th eir s tu d y a nd p ro m ote
health y c o m peti ti o n, w hic h w ould i m mense ly p la ce a p ositi v e e ffe ct to th e
sc ho ol’s p ro gre ss. M y u niv ers ity c la ss i s p erfe ctl y e xem plifie d . E very ti m e a
stu d ent g ets a h ig her g ra d e th an i n th e p re v io us e xam s, th ey w ill b e p ra is e d i n
fr o nt o f th e w ho le c la ss. T his c re ate s a s e nse o f e nco ura gem ent f o r e v ery b ody a nd
th ey w ill e nd eav or to s tu d y h ard er.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile th ere s ti ll e xis t a p pro pria te r e aso ns to s u p port th e a ct o f
re w ard in g o nly th e b est s tu d ent, I b elie v e th o se w ho s h o w s ig ns o f i m pro vem ent
sh o uld b e e nco ura ged to o.
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SA M PL E 9
Univ ersit ie s a nd c o lle ges a re n ow o ffe rin g q ualif ic a tio ns t h ro ugh d is ta nce
le arn in g f r o m t h e I n te rn et r a th er t h an t h e t e ach ers in t h e c la ssro om . D o y ou
th in k t h e a dvanta ges o f t h is d evelo pm ent o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges?
The d ig ita l d ev elo pm ent n o w ad ays h as s o m e i m pacts o n e d ucati o n i n m any
co untr ie s. O ne o f th ese e ffe cts i s th e a p pro ach/p ath w ay p eo ple a d opt/ ta ke/a re
offe re d to w ard s h ig her/fu rth er e d ucati o n a t th e u lti m ate a cad em ic i n sti tu ti o ns o f
univ ers iti e s a nd c o lle ges. T hese d ays, s o m e u niv ers iti e s h av e s ta rte d to o pen
co urs e s o nlin e s o th at s tu d ents c an s tu d y f r o m th eir h o m e. I n m y o pin io n, th is i s a n
in no vati o n o f th e e d ucati o n; h o w ev er, w e a ls o n eed to c o nsid er th eir d ra w backs to
th e u niv ers ity s y ste m .
Nobody c an d eny th e c o nv enie nce o f o nlin e c o urs e s o f th e u niv ers ity . T he f ir s t
re aso n to b e d is c usse d i s th at ta kin g o nlin e c o urs e s i s ti m e-s a v in g. T ra v ellin g to
sc ho ol d oes n o t s e em to b e a n i s su e to s tu d ents l iv in g n earb y b ut i t i s a h uge
dete rre nt to th o se w ho h av e to s p end h o urs c o m muti n g to s c ho ol. B y a p ply in g f o r
onlin e c o urs e s, s tu d ents a re e nco ura ged to l e arn th e s u ita b le c o urs e w ith o ut
worry in g a b out th e d is ta nce f r o m th eir h o use to u niv ers ity . S eco nd ly , o nlin e
co urs e s p ro vid e l e arn ers w ith m ore f le xib le ti m e to s tu d y. S tu d ents c an a rra nge
th eir s c hed ule to m ake f u ll u se o f th eir ti m e a nd o bta in /a cq uir e e xte nsiv e
kno w le d ge i n th eir s p ecia liz e d f ie ld w hile th ey s ti ll h av e ti m e to r e la x a fte r
stu d yin g.
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re n egati v e s id es o f o nlin e c o urs e s th at a ls o n eed to b e
co nsid ere d . F ir s tl y , th is k in d o f c o urs e s l im its th e d ir e ctl y i n te ra ct b etw een th e
stu d ents a nd th e c la ssm ate s. T here a re o th er th in gs b esid es th e k no w le d ge th at th e
le arn ers w ill ta ke a fte r th e c o urs e , s u ch a s c o m munic ati o n s k ill o r te am -w ork in g
sk ill. T hese s o ft s k ills c an o nly b e p ra cti c ed w hen p eo ple a ctu ally ta lk to e ach
oth er i n p ers o n. S eco nd ly , e v ery o ne i s n o t s u p pose d to h av e th e s a m e a b ility o f
se lf- s tu d y, w hic h m akes th e r e su lts c an d iffe r a m ong th e s tu d ents . O nlin e c o urs e s
are a c o nsid era b ly a lte rn ati v e f o r a w ell- o rg aniz e d p ers o n w hile i t c an c ause
fa ilu re f o r l a zy s tu d ents .
In c o nclu sio n, o nlin e c o urs e i s a h uge s te p i n th e d ev elo pm ent o f e d ucati o n, w hic h
can ta ke a ll a d vanta ges o f s tu d ents . H ow ev er, th o se w ho h av e n o m oti v ati o n to
le arn b y th em se lv es h ad b ette r a p ply f o r c o urs e s a t th e c am pus b ecause th ey c an
re ceiv e th e e nco ura gem ent f r o m f r ie nd s a nd l e ctu re rs th ere .
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SA M PL E 1 0
If c o untr ie s a re s e rio us a bout s o lv in g t r a ffic p ro ble m s, t h ey s h ould t a x p riv ate
ca rs v ery h eavily a nd u se t h e m oney t o p ro vid e f r e e o r v ery c h eap r a il t r a vel.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e w it h t h e a bove?
It i s tr u e th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld i m pose h eav y ta xes o n p riv ate c ars i n a nd
sp end o n r a il tr a v el i n o rd er to s o lv e th e tr a ffic i s su es. W hile I a ccep t th is m ay
su it m any p eo ple , I b elie v e th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld i n ste ad i n v est th eir m oney
in r o ad e xte nsio n.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy th e g o vern m ent s h o uld ta x
priv ate c ars h ars h ly a nd u se th e b ud get to p ro vid e c heap r a il tr a v el f o r th e
citi z e ns. O ne r e aso n i s th at th e m ore p eo ple u se r a ilw ay tr a nsp orta ti o n th e l e ss
in te nse th e tr a ffic s y ste m s w ill b e. E sp ecia lly i n th e l a rg e c iti e s, th e n um ber o f
opera te d r a ilw ay s y ste m s i n e ach d ay a re l e ss th an th e n um ber o f p riv ate
tr a nsp orta ti o ns th at a re u se d b y e ach h o use ho ld , w hic h u su ally r e su lts i n a tr a ffic
ja m i n r u sh h o urs . A no th er r e aso n i s th at th e n um ber o f c ar a ccid ents w ill b e
re d uced d ra m ati c ally w hen m any c iti z e ns u se r a ilw ay s y ste m s i n ste ad o f p riv ate
cars . O bvio usly , th anks to ta xes, p eo ple w ill p re v ent f r o m u sin g c ars a nd th ere fo re
tr a v el b y tr a in s, w hic h m ig ht s a v e th em f r o m c are le ss o r d ru nk d riv ers o n th e
ro ad s a nd a ny u nfo re se en c asu alty .
On th e o th er h and , I s u p pose th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld c o ntr ib ute p arts o f th eir
re v enue to th e e xp ansio n o f i n fr a str u ctu re s i n o rd er to m in im iz e th e tr a ffic i s su es
in l a rg e c iti e s. F ir s tl y , i f th e c ity h as m ore r o ad s y ste m s, th e p ossib iliti e s th at
tr a ffic j a m o ccurs a re q uite s m all. S in ce th ere a re v ario us r o ute s to r e ach c erta in
desti n ati o ns w hen m ore r o ad s a re b uilt, p asse ngers w ill h av e m ore o pti o ns to
decid e th e p la nnin g j o urn ey b ase d o n th e c urre nt c o nd iti o ns o f e ach h ig hw ay. A s a
re su lt, th ere w ill b e l e ss r o ad blo ck i n r u sh h o urs a s w ell a s u nfo rtu nate a ccid ents .
Seco nd ly , e ach i n d iv id ual i s a b le to m anage th eir o w n d esir e d s c hem es f o r th e
tr a v el w hen th ey h av e a p riv ate c ar. S in ce th e p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n s c hed ule s a re
esta b lis h ed b ase d o n n um ero us f a cto rs s u ch a s e co no m ic b enefits a nd th e n um ber
of p eo ple i n e ach a re a, m any p eo ple f in d i t h ard to b oth v is it m any p la ces a nd
re ach th e p ub lic s ta ti o ns i n ti m e. M eanw hile , p riv ate c ars h elp v is ito rs th in k o f
more f le xib le p la ns f o r th eir j o urn ey to a w id e r a nge o f d esti n ati o ns w ith o ut a ny
ra il tr a v el ti m e i n te rfe re nce.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s u nd enia b le th at h eav y ta xes o n p riv ate tr a nsp orta ti o n w ill
199

re so lv e th e tr a ffic p ro ble m s a nd p ro vid e f r e e o r v ery c heap r a il tr a v el. H ow ev er,
it i s a ls o b enefic ia l to s u ggest o th er r e so lu ti o ns th at a re n o t r e la te d to ta xes s u ch a s
in fr a str u ctu re s c o nstr u cti o n.
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SA M PL E 1 1
More a nd m ore p eople a re r e ly in g o n t h e p riv ate c a r a s t h eir m ajo r m eans o f
tr a nsp orta tio n. D esc rib e s o m e o f t h e p ro ble m s o ver-r e lia nce o n c a rs c a n
ca use , a nd s u ggest a t le ast o ne p ossib le s o lu tio n.
The r a p id i n cre ase i n th e n um ber o f p riv ate c ars tr a v ellin g o n s tr e et i s a m ajo r
to pic o f c o ncern i n m odern s o cie ty . T his a la rm in g tr e nd p ose s m any th re ats a nd
must b e a d dre sse d b y a n um ber o f d efin ite a cti o ns.
As p riv ate c ars a re b eco m in g i n cre asin gly p re v ale nt, s e v era l r e la te d p ro ble m s
can b e a nti c ip ate d . F ir s tl y , th e o veru se o f c ars m ig ht l e ad to th e e m is sio n o f to ns
of h arm fu l g ase s, e sp ecia lly g re enho use g ase s w hic h a cts a s o ne o f th e m ain
culp rits o f th e o zo ne l a yer d ep le ti o n. M ore o ver, o zo ne l a yer d ep le ti o n a s a
co nse q uence o f p ollu ti o n c an c ause s k in p ro ble m s. F or e xam ple , i n A ustr a lia , a n
in cre ase i n c ar u se rs h as a ttr ib ute d to a ccele ra te d d ep le ti o n o f o zo ne l a yer
pro te cti n g p eo ple ’s s k in f r o m u ltr a v io le t r a ys. C onse q uentl y , th is c ause s a g re at
num ber o f r e sp ir a to ry d is e ase s s u ch a s a sth m a, b ro nchiti s o r s k in c ancer.
Seco nd ly , th e tr e nd to w ard a b usin g p riv ate c ars c o uld b e a sc rib ed to tr a ffic
co ngesti o n. W hen a h uge n um ber o f c ars tr a v el o n s tr e et d urin g r u sh h o urs , th ey
would ta ke u p a v ast s p ace f o r o th er v ehic le s, w hic h c ause s tr a ffic to b eco m e
overlo ad . I f i n d iv id uals u se s o m e ty p es o f l ig ht v ehic le s s u ch a s b ic ycle s o r
moto rb ik es, th ey w ould n o t h av e to g ra p ple w ith th e n ig htm are o f th e tr a ffic j a m .
How ev er, m easu re s m ust b e ta ken b y g o vern m ents a nd e nv ir o nm enta l a cti v is ts to
alle v ia te /c o pe w ith th e n egati v e i m pacts o f o ver-re lia nce o n c ars . O n th e o ne
hand , th e a uth o riti e s s h o uld i m pose a h ig her ta x o n c ar i m porte rs i n o rd er th at th e
pric e o f c ars w ould b e i n cre ase d s ig nific antl y , w hic h d is su ad es i n d iv id uals f r o m
ow nin g c ars . A dditi o nally , i t i s n ecessa ry f o r th e g o vern m ent to i n v est m oney i n
up gra d in g th e p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n s y ste m a s w ell a s s te p u p c am paig ns to
enco ura ge c iti z e ns to tr a v el o n th ese p ub lic v ehic le s. O n th e o th er h and , th e
am ount o f a ir p ollu ti o n c ause d /r e le ase d b y c ars c an b e r e d uced b y i n sta llin g a ir
filte r s y ste m i n h ig h-d ensity u rb an a re as. F or i n sta nce, D utc h d esig ners h av e g iv en
a b ir th to a d ev ic e n am ed “ sm og f r e e to w er” th at c an r e m ove a lm ost a ll th e c arb on
parti c le s f r o m th e a ir.
In c o nclu sio n, th e i n cre ase i n c ar o w ners m ay r e su lt i n b oth e nv ir o nm enta l
pro ble m s a nd tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. T hus i t i s v ita l f o r p olic y m akers to a d opt
effe cti v e m easu re s to ta ckle th e p ro ble m .
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SA M PL E 1 2
Mult in atio nal c o m panie s a re b eco m in g in cre asin gly c o m mon in d evelo pin g
co untr ie s. W hat a re t h e a dvanta ges a nd d is a dvanta ges o f t h is ?
Multi n ati o nal e nte rp ris e s h av e b een i n cre asin gly p opula r i n to day’s b usin ess
world . I t i s c la im ed th at th ese e nte rp ris e s p ro vid e p le nty o f o pportu niti e s f o r h o st
co untr ie s; s im ulta neo usly , th ey a re a ls o p re gnant w ith c erta in d ra w backs f o r l o cal
busin esse s a nd th e e nv ir o nm ent.
The a cti v iti e s o f tr a nsiti o nal c o rp ora ti o ns c an c re ate a s ig nific ant e co no m ic b oost
fo r l e ss d ev elo ped n ati o ns. F ir s tl y , th anks to p ro je cts c o ncern in g th e c o nstr u cti o n
of f a cto rie s a nd i n fr a str u ctu re , m ore j o bs a nd tr a in in gs f o r l o cal p eo ple a re
cre ate d . S eco nd ly , d ue to th eir a cti v iti e s, th ese c o rp ora ti o ns h elp o th er n ati o ns
im pro ve e co no m ic g o vern ance a s w ell a s b ro ad en e xp ort a nd i m port, w hic h
enab le s th em to g ain f u rth er i n te gra ti o n i n to g lo bal e co no m y. F ro m th e
in te rn ati o nal p ers p ecti v e, th e a cti v iti e s o f tr a nsn ati o nal c o m panie s a ls o c o ntr ib ute
to h unger e ra d ic ati o n a nd p overty a lle v ia ti o n i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s.
Additi o nally , th e l o cal i n d ustr y c an g et a ccess to h ig her te chno lo gy f r o m f o re ig n
co untr ie s th ro ugh tr a nsiti o nal c o m panie s, w hic h h elp s i m pro ve i ts te chno lo gic al
para m ete r.
On th e o th er h and , m ulti n ati o nal e nte rp ris e s o bvio usly h av e n egati v e i m pacts o n
th e l o cal c o m munity . F ir s t, th e j o bs th at th ey c re ate a re n o t p erm anent b ecause
th ese e nte rp ris e s c o uld r e lo cate to a no th er c o untr y , w hic h i s c ause d b y
managem ent b arrie rs i n th e h o st n ati o n. S eco nd , i n d ev elo pin g e co no m ie s, l a rg e
multi n ati o nal c o m panie s c an h av e g re ate r c o m peti ti v e a d vanta ges th an l o cal f ir m s
whic h m ay l e ad to th e l a tte r b eco m in g b ro ke. L ast b ut n o t l e ast, i n o rd er to
maxim iz e p ro fits , tr a nsiti o nal c o rp ora ti o ns o fte n c o ntr ib ute to p ollu ti o n i n th e
lo cal a re as, w hic h p uts th e e nv ir o nm ent u nd er th re at.
To s u m mariz e , d esp ite th e i n ev ita b le n egati v e i m pacts w hen s e tti n g u p b usin ess i n
oth er n ati o ns, tr a nsiti o nal e nte rp ris e s a re e v id entl y a p pealin g to a nd a re
welc o m ed b y th e n ati o ns p ro vid ed th at th eir p ra cti c es a ls o r e sp ond to th eir s o cia l
re sp onsib iliti e s a p art f r o m m akin g m oney.
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SA M PL E 1 3
The g overn m ent s h ould in vest m ore m oney in t e ach in g s c ie nce t h an in o th er
su bje cts f o r a c o untr y d evelo pm ent a nd p ro gre ss.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
The i m porta nce o f s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy i n n ati o nal p ro gre ss h as l o ng b een
re co gniz e d , s o i t i s s a id th at g o vern m ent f u nd in g f o r e d ucati o n s h o uld g iv e
pre fe re nce to s c ie nce-b ase d s u b je cts o ver o th ers . P ers o nally , I d is a gre e w ith th is
opin io n b ecause o f n o n-s c ie nce s u b je cts ’ d is ti n ct i m pacts .
Advances i n s c ie nce h av e b een f u nd am enta lly a lte rin g th e w ay p eo ple l iv e, w ork
and c o m munic ate , w hic h b rin g a b out s o m e p ro fo und e ffe cts o n e co no m ic g ro w th .
The a d vent o f c o m pute rs a nd th e I n te rn et, f o r e xam ple , h as e m pow ere d
in d iv id uals a nd b usin esse s to a ccess k no w le d ge a nd m ark ets , to c o m munic ate a nd
tr a nsa ct r e gard le ss o f g eo gra p hic d is ta nce. I n a d diti o n, r o boti c s a nd m achin e
le arn in g c an n o w s e rv e a s s u b sti tu te s i n l o ts o f a cti v iti e s w ith g re ate r e ffic ie ncy
and h ig her p ro ducti v ity . A no th er b enefit th at m odern s c ie nce h as p ro vid ed i s th e
dev elo pm ent o f r e new ab le e nerg y. S ourc es o f r e new ab le /a lte rn ati v e e nerg y s u ch
as s o la r a nd n ucle ar p ow er b egin to h elp e ase n ati o n’s r e lia nce o n o il a nd f o ssil
fu els .
How ev er, th e p ro cess o f a c o untr y ’s d ev elo pm ent i s n o t o nly b ase d o n s c ie nce
ed ucati o n a nd a d vancem ent s in ce th e p ro sp erity o f a c o untr y c alls f o r ta le nts f r o m
a w id e r a nge o f f ie ld s. I t i s k no w n th at i n p ara lle l w ith th e o pera ti o n o f a p ply in g
sc ie nce a nd te chno lo gy i n s o cio -e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent, m any p ro ble m s s u ch a s
pollu ti o n, c rim e, a nd d is e ase s h av e s u rg ed . T here fo re , a c o untr y n eed s s c ie nti fic
exp erts a s w ell a s th o se i n m any o th er f ie ld s to m ake i ts p ro gre ssin g p ath
sm ooth er a nd s a fe r. F or e xam ple , s c ie nti s ts p la y a n i n te gra l p art i n c o m bati n g
clim ate c hange a s th ey a re c o unte d f o r f in d in g o ut c ause s a nd c o rre sp ond in g
effe cts o f th is i s su e. H ow ev er, i n o rd er to s o lv e th is p ro ble m , a uth o rs a nd a cti v is ts
are r e q uir e d to i m pro ve s o cia l a w are ness a t th e s a m e ti m e.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh a n ati o n w ith o ut s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy i s d efin ite ly a
backw ard o ne, s c ie nce o nly /a lo ne c anno t b rin g g ro w th a nd w ell- b ein g f o r a
co untr y . I n ste ad , I d o b elie v e a n ati o n’s s u sta in ab le d ev elo pm ent w ould r e q uir e a
well- ro und ed e d ucati o n w ith a n e m phasis o n a ll d is c ip lin es.
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SA M PL E 1 4
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at u npaid c o m munit y s e rv ic e s s h ould b e a c o m puls o ry
part o f h ig h s c h ool p ro gra m mers ( fo r e xam ple w ork in g f o r a c h arit y ,
im pro vin g t h e n eig hbourh ood o r t e ach in g s p orts t o y ounger c h ild re n).
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
It i s a gre ed th at s tu d ents s h o uld p arta ke i n u np aid c o m munity s e rv ic e a s a
mand ato ry p art o f th eir c urric ulu m i n h ig h s c ho ols . I b elie v e th is o pin io n i s
re aso nab le b ase d o n m any f a cto rs .
Fir s tl y , th ro ugh s e rv in g th e c o m munity f r e ely , te enagers c an b e g ro w n u p b eyo nd
our i m agin ati o n. W hen w ork in g v olu nta rily , s tu d ents l e arn h o w to s o lv e a n
unexp ecte d p ro ble m w ith o ut th e i n str u cti o ns f r o m th eir te achers o r p are nts . A s a
re su lt, th ey a re a b le to b e m ore i n d ep end ent r a th er th an th e p erio d th ey l e arn
acad em ic k no w le d ge a t s c ho ol. M ore o ver, te enagers i n v olv in g i n c o m munity
se rv ic e v olu nte er to c o m ple te th e r e q uir e d ta sk s. B ecause th ey th in k th at th ey a re
co ntr ib uti n g to d ev elo p th eir o w n s o cie ty a nd th eir a cti o ns h av e i m pacts o n
oth er’s l iv es, th ey a re m oti v ate d to f in is h a ll th e w ork lo ad . T here fo re , th ey
beco m e m ore r e sp onsib le f o r a ll th e w ork s th ey w ill a tte nd i n th e f u tu re .
Seco nd ly , p arta kin g i n u np aid c o m munity s e rv ic e b oasts a m yria d o f p ers o nal
benefits . I f s tu d ents s e rv e th e c o m munity w ith o ut p aym ent, e sp ecia lly w ork in g f o r
a c harity , th ey w ill h av e a c hance to m eet d iffe re nt p eo ple , m any o f w ho m a re
orp hans, d is a b le d c hild re n o r th e e ld erly i n n urs in g h o m es. T here fo re , th ey a re
more e m path eti c f o r o th er’s d esti n y. B esid es, th e v alu e o f l a b or i s p erc eiv ed b y
stu d ents w hen th ey p erfo rm th e w ork w ith o ut p aym ent, th ey f e el d eep er g ra ti tu d e
to th e l a b or r e su lt. F or e xam ple , m any te enagers b orn i n a f u ll m ate ria lis ti c
co nd iti o n te nd to w aste th eir ti m e a nd m oney o n u se le ss th in gs. I f s c ho ols r e q uir e
th em to e ngage i n u np aid c o m munity s e rv ic e, th ey w ill k no w h o w h ard i s i t to
co m ple te th e w ork a nd w hat th e m eanin gfu l l ife i s , w hic h l e ad s to th e f a ct th at th ey
can s tu d y m ore d ilig entl y .
In c o nclu sio n, I a m s tr o ng o f th e v ie w th at d oin g u np aid w ork c an b e a d vanta geo us
fo r s tu d ents a nd th e h ig h s c ho ol s h o uld c o nsid er p utti n g i t i n th e c urric ulu m a s a
co m puls o ry p art.
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SA M PL E 1 5
Som e p eople t h in k t h at p are nt s h ould t e ach c h ild re n h ow t o b e g ood m em bers
of s o cie ty . O th ers, h ow ever, b elie ve t h at s c h ool is t h e p la ce t o le arn t h is .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
It i s s o m eti m es a rg ued th at c hild re n s h o uld l e arn h o w to b e g o od c iti z e ns i n s c ho ol
in ste ad o f l e arn in g f r o m th eir p are nts . I n m y o pin io n, f a m ilie s w ould p ro vid e a
more s u ita b le e nv ir o nm ent f o r c hild re n to a cq uir e th e a p pro pria te b ehav io rs .
On th e o ne h and , s c ho ols m ay h av e s ig nific ant a d vanta ges i n e d ucati o n. F ir s tl y ,
te achers i n s c ho ols g o th ro ugh a d eq uate tr a in in g to b e q ualifie d to te ach.
More o ver, th ey c an a ls o g ain b ette r a ccess to a cad em ic r e so urc es o n th e s o cie ty ’s
prin cip le s, r u le s a nd v alu es th an p are nts i n o rd er to g uid e s tu d ents i n b eco m in g
well – b ehav ed i n d iv id uals . S eco nd ly , p are nts n eed to s p end a l o t o f d aily h o urs
on th eir w ork , h o use ho ld c ho re s, a nd o th er r e sp onsib iliti e s, r e su lti n g i n th e l a ck o f
ti m e w ith th eir c hild re n. M eanw hile , te achers ’ s o le r e sp onsib ility i s to f o cus a nd
dev elo pin g th e r ig ht a tti tu d e a nd a cti o ns i n s tu d ents , s o th ey a re m ore c ap ab le o f
fu lfillin g th is r o le . F in ally , e d ucati o nal i n sti tu ti o ns f r e q uentl y r e ceiv e f o rm al
su p port f r o m g o vern m ents , n o np ro fit o rg aniz a ti o ns, e d ucato rs a nd r e se arc hers to
te ach c hild re n l ife v alu es. T hese r e so urc es a re v alu ab le to h elp c hild re n to h av e
th e w ante d d ir e cti o n o f d ev elo pm ent.
On th e o th er h and , i t w ould b e e xtr e m ely b enefic ia l f o r th e c hild re n i f th ey a re
ta ught h o w to b e g o od m em bers o f s o cie ty f r o m th eir p are nts . O ne o f th e k ey
poin ts i s th at c hild re n u su ally s p end ti m e a nd i n te ra ct w ith th eir p are nts s in ce th eir
bir th s, h ence th eir c hara cte ris ti c s a re b est k no w n b y th eir p are nts . F ath ers a nd
moth ers w ould b e th e o ne w ho c an c o m e u p w ith th e m ost s u ita b le a p pro ach o n
ho w to tr a in th eir c hild re n a nd w hat q ualiti e s o f g o od c iti z e ns th at th e c hild re n a re
in n eed . F urth erm ore , th e s tr o ng c o nnecti o n a nd a ffe cti o n w ith th e c hild re n w ould
als o a ssis t p are nts i n th is l ife lo ng c ause . F or e xam ple , I ’ v e s e en m any p are nts
aro und m e a cti v ely /c o nsta ntl y e q uip th em se lv es w ith m ate ria ls , s k ills , a nd
kno w le d ge to e d ucate c hild re n. L ast b ut n o t l e ast, te achers i n s c ho ol o fte n h av e
oth er s tu d ents to ta ke c are o f, th ere fo re th ey c anno t i n d iv id ualiz e th e l e arn in g
meth o d a s w ell a s p are nts .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I u nd ers ta nd th at th ere a re s o m e b enefits to th is a lte rn ati v e, I
str o ngly b elie v e th at p are nts s h o uld ta ke th e m ajo r r o le i n te achin g c hild re n h o w
to b eco m e r e sp onsib le i n d iv id uals i n th e s o cie ty .
207

325 w ord s
208

SA M PL E 1 6
There is a g enera l in cre ase in a nti- s o cia l b ehavio urs a nd la ck o f r e sp ect f o r
oth ers. W hat a re t h e c a use s a nd s o lu tio ns?
Anti - s o cia l b ehav io urs a nd d is re sp ect to w ard s o th ers h av e b een a h eate d to pic o f
deb ate i n to day’s w orld . S om e e xp la nati o ns w ill b e p ut f o rw ard b efo re o pti m al
so lu ti o ns c an b e d ra w n to ta ckle th is p ro ble m .
There a re s e v era l r e aso ns a s to w hy h o sti le b ehav io ur a nd d is re sp ect a re
in cre asin gly b eco m in g p opula r i n s o cie ty . F ir s tl y , l a ck o f e d ucati o n f o r c hild re n i n
th eir e arly l ife c o uld b e a ttr ib ute d to a nti - s o cia l b ehav io ur. T his i s b ecause , i n th e
co nte m pora ry l ife , p are nts a re to o b usy w ith th eir w ork to ta ke c are o f th eir
offs p rin gs. T hus, c hild re n m ay b e d is o rie nte d a nd c o uld n o t d is ti n guis h b etw een
th e r ig ht a nd th e w ro ng b ehav io urs i n s o cie ty . A s a r e su lt, i t i s th e p re curs o r to
gra d ual s p re ad o f a ggre ssiv e b ehav io urs i n th e c o m munity . S eco nd ly , f r e q uent
exp osu re o f p eo ple to v io le nce i n s u rro und in g e nv ir o nm ent i s a ls o th e m ain c ulp rit
of a nti - s o cia l a nd d is re sp ectf u l b ehav io rs . T here fo re , m odern m eans o f
co m munic ati o n h as b eco m e s u ch a n i n te gra l p art o f p eo ple ’s l ife . P eo ple , m ostl y
th e y o ung a ged , c an tr y to e m ula te s u ch a cts o f v io le nce, b ein g u nab le to
diffe re nti a te b etw een g o od a nd b ad . A s a r e su lt, c hild re n, i n p arti c ula r, w ould
hav e i ll- m annere d e v ery o ne.
Div ers ifie d m easu re s c an b e i m ple m ente d to a d dre ss a nti - s o cia l b ehav io urs a nd
dis re sp ect. A n o bvio us s o lu ti o n i s to e m phasiz e th e i m porta nce o f p are nta l
guid ance. B y p ayin g m ore a tte nti o n to th e b ehav io ur a nd e m oti o nal c hild re n,
pare nts c an p ro vid e c hild re n w ith th e h ealth y e d ucati o nal e nv ir o nm ent, w hic h h elp
th em d ev elo p p ro per m anners a nd b ehav io urs . F or e xam ple , w hen c hild re n h av e
acco m plis h ed h ig h a chie v em ents , p are nts o ught to g iv e th em a f u ll c re d it a nd
enco ura ge m uch m ore . A no th er c ru cia l s o lu ti o n i s th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld
heav ily c enso r v io le nt c o nte nts th at c o uld a d vers e ly a ffe ct c hild re n’s c o gniti v e
ab ility . T his w ill d is c o ura ge p eo ple , e sp ecia lly th e y o ung, f r o m e m ula ti n g
aggre ssiv e b ehav io urs .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns f o r th e i n cre ase o f h o sti le b ehav io urs
and d is re sp ect i n s o cie ty . T his u rg es b oth th e g o vern m ent a nd f a m ily to ta ke
im med ia te a cti o ns to ta ckle th is c ir c um sta nce.
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209

SA M PL E 1 7
Som e p eople t h in k t h at c h ild re n s h ould o bey t h e r u le s o r d o w hat t h eir
pare nts a nd t e ach ers w ant t h em t o d o. S om e p eople t h in k t h at c h ild re n
co ntr o lle d v ery m uch c a nnot d eal w it h p ro ble m s t h em se lv es.
There a re m any d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out h o w p are nts a nd te achers s h o uld e d ucate
child re n to b eco m e p ro ducti v e c iti z e ns i n th e f u tu re . W hile s o m e p eo ple a d opt a
vie w th at c hild re n s h o uld a b id e b y r e gula ti o ns f r o m th eir p are nts a nd te achers , I
belie v e th at ti g ht c o ntr o l w ould b rin g n egati v e e ffe cts o n c hild re n.
On th e o ne h and , th e o bed ie nce o f c hild re n i s n ecessa ry to g ain a w ealth y g ro w th .
Child re n a re n aïv e a nd p ure s o th ey a re s u sc ep ti b le / v uln era b le to a d vers e
im pacts f r o m th e l iv in g e nv ir o nm ent. P are nts a nd te achers ; th ere fo re , p la y a n
im porta nt r o le i n k eep in g th eir c hild re n a w ay f r o m u naccep ta b le b ehav io r b y th e
str ic t r u le s. I n o th er w ord s, th e i n su ffic ie nt a w are ness o f th e r ig hts a nd th e w ro ngs
would l e ad to m is g uid ed b elie fs a m ong c hild re n; i n th is c ase , c hild re n s h o uld
obey th e tr u e s p ir its o f e ld ers ’ r u le s to g et p ro per h ab its .
On th e o th er h and , I a gre e w ith th o se w ho b elie v e th at c hild re n r e str a in ed
narro w ly c o uld n o t c o pe w ith th e p ro ble m s th em se lv es. I n f a ct, i t i s c o m mon th at
child re n w ho a re i m pose d th e s tr ic t r u le s a nd r e gula ti o ns b y th eir p are nts a nd
te achers a re m ore l ik ely to b eco m e s e nsiti v e a nd v uln era b le / i n tr o verte d p eo ple .
This i s th e m ain tr ig ger w hic h l e ad s to th e p ote nti a l l a ckin g o f p ro ble m -s o lv in g
sk ills a nd m akes i n ad eq uate d ecis io ns g iv en th at w hen th ey b eco m e a d ults , th ey
must c o nfr o nt w ith a ll a ffa ir s b y th em se lv es w ith o ut th eir p are nts o r i n str u cto rs .
For th is r e aso n, p are nts a nd te achers s h o uld e nco ura ge th eir c hild re n to s e e a nd
to uch h ars h r e aliti e s a t e arly a ges, i n ste ad o f a cti n g i n a cco rd ance w ith th e r u le s.
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite b enefits f r o m c o m ply in g w ith th e r u le s a nd r e gula ti o ns, th e
eld ers l ik e p are nts a nd te achers s h o uld b re ak th e to ugh r u le s, w hic h m ig ht p re v ent
child re n f r o m to b e m ore c o nfid ent a nd d ete rm in ab le i n m odern s o cie ti e s.
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SA M PL E 1 8
Som e p eople t h in k t h at a ll u niv ersit y s tu dents s h ould s tu dy w hate ver t h ey
lik e. O th ers b elie ve t h at t h ey s h ould o nly b e a llo w ed t o s tu dy s u bje cts t h at
will b e u se fu l in t h e f u tu re , s u ch a s t h ose r e la te d t o s c ie nce a nd t e ch nolo gy.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
There a re d iffe re nt o pin io ns a b out h o w m uch c ho ic es s tu d ents s h o uld b e g iv en i n
se le cti n g u niv ers ity s u b je cts . W hile s o m e p eo ple th in k th at th e u niv ers iti e s s h o uld
only o ffe r r e q uir e d c o urs e s f o cusin g o n s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy, w hic h a re
benefic ia l f o r th e s tu d ents ’ f u tu re , I b elie v e th at a d ult l e arn ers s h o uld b e a b le to
cho ose s u b je cts f o llo w in g th eir o w n i n te re sts .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e c erta in a d vanta ges o f a cq uir in g k no w le d ge i n
sc ie nce a nd te chno lo gy c o urs e s i n te rm s o f b oth s tu d ents ' l ife i n p arti c ula r a nd th e
so cia l a s w ell a s e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent i n g enera l. F ir s tl y , i t i s w id ely th o ught
th at u niv ers ity c o urs e s l ik e m ed ic in e, e ngin eerin g a nd i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy
pro vid e m ore j o b o pportu niti e s, b ette r s a la rie s, a nd e v en h ig her s o cia l s ta tu s; a nd
th ere fo re b rin g b rig hte r f u tu re f o r l e arn ers w ho ta ke th em . S eco nd ly , te chno lo gy
su ch a s th e I n te rn et a nd d ig ita l d ev ic es i s a p plie d i n a lm ost e v ery a sp ect o f
modern s o cie ty , s o f o rc in g s tu d ents i n to p arti c ula r te chnic al c o urs e s e nsu re s a ny
te chno lo gic al g ap s w ould b e h and le d . F in ally , f o cusin g o n s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy
stu d ie s w ill a ccele ra te i n no vati o ns th at s ti m ula ti n g th e e co no m ic g ro w th i n th e
lo ng-ru n.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a gre e w ith th e i d ea l e tti n g c o lle ge s tu d ents c ho ose th eir
ow n c o urs e s. I t i s u nd enia b le th at l e arn ers w ill a chie v e g o od a cad em ic
perfo rm ance w hen th ey a re p assio nate a b out w hat th ey a re l e arn in g. I n a d diti o n,
art ta le nts l ik e M oza rt a nd P ic asso w ould n o t h av e e m erg ed i f y o ung p eo ple a re
fo rc ed to s tu d y s c ie nce-b ase d s u b je cts . B esid es, e ngagem ent i n n o n-s c ie nce
cla sse s s u ch a s a rts , m usic , a nd d ra m a b rin gs a b out s p ir itu al v alu es f o r s tu d ents i n
te rm s o f s tr e ss r e lie f a nd o vera ll m enta l h ealth . L ast b ut n o t l e ast, l e arn in g a w id e
ra nge o f s u b je cts i n u niv ers iti e s h av e b enefits f o r a ny c o untr y i n d ealin g w ith
glo bal i s su es s u ch a s g lo bal w arm in g th at i s c o unte d o n n o t o nly s c ie nti s ts to f in d
out i ts c ause s a nd e ffe cts b ut a ls o a cti v is ts , a rti s ts , a nd l a w yers to i m pro ve s o cia l
aw are ness.
211

In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite th e a fo re m enti o ned a d vanta ges o f f o rc in g l e arn ers i n to
stu d yin g s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy, th e s tu d ents ’ l ife a nd s o cie ty , f r o m m y
pers p ecti v e, w ould g ain m ore b enefits f r o m a llo w in g y o ung p eo ple to s e le ct w hat
th ey w ant to l e arn .
325
word s
MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
Now ad ays, u niv ers iti e s w ond er i f th ey s h o uld f o rc e th eir s tu d ents to l e arn c erta in
key s u b je cts o r n o t. W hile th is c o uld b e b enefic ia l f o r s tu d ents , I b elie v e th at i t
will b e u se fu l i f s tu d ents o nly s tu d y s u b je cts th at th ey l ik e i n u niv ers ity .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy u niv ers ity s tu d ents s h o uld o nly
stu d y s u b je cts th at w ill b e u se fu l i n th e f u tu re . T he b ig gest r e aso n i s th at th is w ill
giv e s tu d ents c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to s e ek a j o b w ith a h ig h s a la ry a fte r
gra d uati n g f r o m c o lle ge. F or e xam ple , i n V ie tn am , s tu d ents c o uld g et a h ig her
sa la ry i f th ey w ork a s a p ro gra m mers o r s c ie nti s ts a fte r s c ho ol. F urth erm ore ,
parti c ula r u niv ers ity s u b je cts s u ch a s i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy a nd p hysic s c an
pro vid e s tu d ents w ith a w ealth o f k no w le d ge, w hic h th ey c an a p ply th at i n
cre ati n g o r s tu d yin g s o m eth in g th at i s u se fu l f o r m ankin d i n th e f u tu re .
On th e o th er h and , i t s e em s to m e th at u niv ers iti e s s h o uld c re ate m ore s p aces f o r
stu d ents to s tu d y w hate v er s u b je ct th ey l ik e. F ir s tl y , s tu d ents w ho o nly s tu d y th eir
fa v ourite s u b je cts c an s a v e a g re at d eal o f m oney. C onse q uentl y , th ey s p end i t
buyin g b ooks o n th eir s u b je cts i n o rd er to m aste r th eir s k ills . T ake m y s is te r a s a n
exam ple , i n ste ad o f ta kin g p art i n a ll o f th e c la sse s i n h er u niv ers ity , s h e j u st to ok
a l e ad ers h ip c o urs e a nd b ought a l o t o f b ooks a b out th is s u b je cts to r e ad a nd n o w
sh e i s w ork in g a s L in ked in C EO . S eco nd ly , a u niv ers ity th at a llo w s s tu d ents to
fr e ely c ho ose th eir s u b je cts w ill h elp d ev elo p th eir s tr e ngth s i f th ey a re n o t g o od
at l o gic r e la te d s u b je cts s o th at th ey c an d ra w i n sp ir a ti o n f r o m th eir f a v ourite
su b je cts .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile f o rc in g s tu d ents to s tu d y s u b je cts th at w ill b e u se fu l i n th e
fu tu re d oes h av e b enefits , I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at u niv ers ity s h o uld l e t th eir
stu d ents h av e th e r ig ht to l e arn th eir o w n f a v ourite s u b je cts .
310 w ord s
212

SA M PL E 1 9
Overp opula tio n o f u rb an a re as h as le d t o n um ero us p ro ble m s. I d entif y o ne o r
tw o s e rio us o nes a nd s u ggest w ays t h at g overn m ents a nd in div id uals c a n
ta ck le t h ese p ro ble m s.
It i s tr u e th at p opula ti o n e xp lo sio n i n u rb an a re as h as c ause d n egati v e i m pacts to
peo ple ’s l iv es a nd s o cie ty . I n th is e ssa y, I i n te nd to p ro pose s o m e p ossib le
so lu ti o ns to d eal w ith i t.
The H uge
p opula ti o n i n b ig c iti e s h as l e d to e no rm ous tr o ub le s. F ir s t o f a ll,
in fr a str u ctu re h as b een s e rio usly o verlo ad c ausin g c o ngesti o n o f th e tr a ffic d urin g
peak h o urs . A s a r e su lt, tr a nsp orta ti o n s y ste m w hic h i s th e b ackb one o f th e
eco no m y h as b een i m pacte d s ig nific antl y . S eco nd ly , p ub lic s e rv ic es, e sp ecia lly
health care , h av e b een a lw ays o verc ro w ded . T ho usa nd s o f p ati e nts c anno t r e ceiv e
su ffic ie nt tr e atm ent, m any o f th em h av e to w ait f o r h o urs to b e s e rv ed a nd s le ep i n
th e c o rrid ors o f h o sp ita ls .
How ev er, I c o nte nd s u ch p ro ble m s c o uld b e ta ckle d b y th e e ffo rt o f b oth
go vern m ents a nd i n d iv id uals . T he p rim ary m easu re w ould b e a uth o rity ’s
in v estm ent i n tr a nsp orta ti o n a nd s e rv ic es. F ir s tl y , c o nstr u cti o n o f n ew r o ad s a nd
brid ges a s w ell a s m etr o l in es m ust b e a ccele ra te d to b e o pera te d . A t th e s a m e
ti m e, th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p ub lis h s tr ic t l a w to l im it p riv ate v ehic le s a nd
pro m ote c iti z e ns u sin g p ub lic tr a nsp ort. S eco nd ly , n ew h o sp ita ls s h o uld b e b uilt
up a lo ng w ith th e d ep lo ym ent o f q ualifie d m ed ic al s ta ffs i n o rd er to s e rv e a l a rg e
num ber o f p ati e nts .
The o th er ta cti c s a re to r a is e i n d iv id uals ’ a w are ness a b out tr a ffic p ro ble m s, th ey
sh o uld m in im iz e th e u se o f p ers o nal v ehic le s a nd i n clin e to tr a v el b y p ub lic
tr a nsp ort s im ulta neo usly . M ore o ver, p eo ple m ig ht c o nsid er l iv in g i n s u b urb a re as
in ste ad o f c ity c ente r to d eal w ith c o ngeste d s p ace
In c o nclu sio n, th e p ro ble m s c ause d b y o verp opula ti o n a re e xtr e m ely s e rio us.
How ev er, th e a b ove-in te gra te d s o lu ti o ns c o uld b e o ffe re d to o verc o m e i t.
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SA M PL E 2 0
Buyin g t h in gs o n t h e I n te rn et, s u ch a s b ook s, a ir t ic k ets , a nd g ro ce rie s, is
beco m in g m ore a nd m ore p opula r.
Do t h e a dvanta ges o f s h oppin g in t h is w ay o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
Onlin e s h o ppin g h as b eco m e a c o m mon to ol w hen w e i n cre asin gly s e arc h f o r
go ods a nd p la ce o ur o rd er i n sta ntl y o n th e i n te rn et. A ll k in d s o f g o ods a nd
se rv ic es a re a v aila b le o nlin e a nd w ith in o ur r e ach w ith j u st o ne c lic k. W hile
purc hasin g th in gs o nlin e e xp ose s u s to th e r is k o f b uyin g l o w -q uality p ro ducts , th e
co nv enie nce a nd ti m e s a v in g f r o m o nlin e s h o ppin g f a r o utw eig h i ts d ra w back.
The p rim ary c o ncern w ith o nlin e s h o ppin g i s th e r is k o f b uyin g i n fe rio r p ro ducts .
That i s to s a y, c o nsu m ers m ake th eir d ecis io n a cco rd in g to th e a p peara nce a nd th e
attr a cti v e a d verti s e m ent w ith o ut p ers o nally c heckin g th e i te m . C onse q uentl y , th is
re su lts i n c o m pla in ts o r d is a p poin tm ents l a te r u p on d eliv ery o f th e p ro duct. F or
in sta nce, I g o t a n a w fu l e xp erie nce w ith o nlin e s h o ppin g, th e c hair I b ought o nlin e
was b ro ken a fte r a w eek. H ow ev er, m any w eb site s o f h ig h r e p uta ti o n h av e a
re tu rn p olic y w ith in a s e t p erio d o f ti m e, w hic h e nab le s c usto m ers to r e tu rn th e
pro duct i f th ey a re n o t s a ti s fie d w ith th eir p urc hase .
Nev erth ele ss, i t i s i r re fu ta b le th at o nlin e s h o ppin g b rin gs i m mense c o nv enie nce. I n
oth er w ord s, th ere a re th o usa nd s o f p ro ducts o nlin e w hic h w e c an s e arc h f o r
with in a f e w s e co nd s. W e a re a ls o a b le to c o m pare th e p ric es, f e atu re s, c o m ments
fr o m o th er b uyers a nd a p ply f o r p erio dic d is c o unts . T his f e atu re w ould n ev er b e
dup lic ate d w ith tr a d iti o nal/c o nv enti o nal s h o ppin g i n w hic h w e w ould s p end a
gre at d eal o f e ffo rt o ngo in g a ro und , l o okin g f o r th e p ro duct a nd c o m parin g th e
pric es. W e d efin ite ly s a v e o ur p re cio us ti m e f o r d oin g s o m eth in g e ls e w hic h i s
much m ore m eanin gfu l. F or e xam ple , a r e cent s u rv ey c o nd ucte d b y T he C onsu m er
Behav io ur A sso cia ti o n i n th e U nite d S ta te s h as s h o w n th at c o nv enie nce r e m ain s
th e g re ate st f e atu re w hic h e nco ura ges/m akes c usto m ers o pt f o r o nlin e s h o ppin g.
To c o nclu d e, o nlin e s h o ppin g s a v es u s a l o t o f ti m e a nd o ffe rs th e g re at
co nv enie nce a nd th ese f e atu re s f a r o utw eig h a ny d ra w back o f l o w -q uality
pro ducts w hen p urc hasin g o nlin e. W e, th ere fo re , s h o uld a ccess/a p pro ach tr u ste d
web site s f o r o nlin e s h o ppin g to m in im iz e a ny d is sa ti s fa cti o n.
214

322 w ord s
215

SA M PL E 2 1
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at t e ach in g c h ild re n a t h om e is b est f o r a c h ild ’s
develo pm ent w hile o th ers t h in k t h at it is im porta nt f o r c h ild re n t o g o t o
sc h ool.
Dis c u ss t h e a dvanta ges o f b oth m eth ods a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple b elie v e th at h o m e-s c ho olin g i s th e m ost c riti c al m eth o d f o r c hild
dev elo pm ent o f a ll a sp ects i n clu d in g p hysic al, i n te lle ctu al, s o cia l, a nd e m oti o nal
changes. W hile th ere a re s tr o ng a rg um ents to s u p port th is p oin t o f v ie w , I w ould
arg ue th at th ere a re m ore a d vanta ges f o r a c hild to a tte nd s c ho ols .
On th e o ne h and , I u nd ers ta nd w hy p eo ple o fte n th in k th at c hild re n s h o uld b e a t
ho m e a nd ta ught b y th eir p are nts o r p riv ate tu to rs . F ir s tl y , c hild re n/y o ung c hild re n
do n o t n eed to f a ce th e p re ssu re o f f o rm al e xam in ati o ns o r e xcessiv e e xerc is e s b ut
pro gre ss f a ste r. T his i s b ecause th o se w ho s tu d y a t h o m e c o uld l e arn a t th eir o w n
pace a s th eir p are nts o fte n p re p are l e sso ns th at a re m ore a p pro pria te to th eir
child re n’s l e v el. S eco nd ly , th e p ro ble m o f s c ho ol d is c ip lin e m ay b e a v oid ed , a s
yo ung c hild re n c o uld e njo y th eir c hild ho od w ith o ut n egati v e i n flu ences a ro und
th em . C onse q uentl y , th eir p ers o nality w ould n o t b e n egati v ely s h ap ed b ecause o f
th ese e ffe cts .
On th e o th er h and , I w ould s id e w ith th o se w ho b elie v e th at s c ho ols w ill e q uip
child re n w ith s u ffic ie nt k no w le d ge a s w ell a s u se fu l s o cia l s k ills . T o b egin w ith ,
pup ils w ould a cad em ic ally a nd p ositi v ely c o m pete w ith th eir p eers b ecause th ey
ofte n w ant to b eco m e th e h ig hest a chie v er i n c la ss. A s a r e su lt, th is a tti tu d e w ill
fo ste r th eir c o m peti ti v e s p ir it w hic h i s a g o ld en s e llin g p oin t to h av e b ette r
em plo ym ent p ro sp ects i n th e f u tu re . F urth erm ore , s c ho ols , b ein g a s m all
co m munity o f a s o cie ty , r e se m ble th e r e al w orld o uts id e m ore th an a s in gle f a m ily .
Stu d ents a re m ore l ik ely to l e arn h o w to o verc o m e o bsta cle s s u ch a s e xam f a ilu re
or b ully in g, w hic h e v entu ally h elp s th em to g ain m ore c o nfid ence to d eal w ith
pro ble m s i n th eir l ife .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at g o in g to s c ho ols w ould h av e m ore p ositi v e
im pacts o n c hild re n’s d ev elo pm ent c o m pare w ith s tu d yin g a t h o m e.
297 w ord s
216

SA M PL E 2 2
Som e s u ggest t h at y oung p eople s h ould t a k e a j o b f o r a f e w y ears b etw een
sc h ool a nd u niv ersit y . D is c u ss w hat t h e a dvanta ges a nd d is a dvanta ges m ig ht
be f o r p eople w ho d o t h is .
Hav in g f in is h ed h ig h s c ho ol, a m ajo rity o f y o ungste rs te nd to d ir e ctl y e nro ll i n a
re co gniz e d u niv ers ity to p urs u e th eir f u tu re o ccup ati o n d re am . H ow ev er, th e
num ber o f th o se ta kin g a g ap y ear to b e e m plo yed f o r a p erio d o f ti m e i s
re m ark ab ly i n cre ase d n o w ad ays. T his p heno m eno n p ro vokes a f ie rc e c o ntr o vers y
over th e i s su e o f w heth er a d ole sc ents s h o uld ta ke a b re ak f o r a w hile b efo re
co nti n uin g th eir te rti a ry e d ucati o n.
The f ir s t a d vanta ge o f g etti n g a j o b d urin g th is ti m e i s to h av e a n a d eq uate ti m e
fr a m e to c o nsid er s a ti s fa cto ry f u tu re m ajo r a t u niv ers ity . S tu d ents w ith n o w ork in g
exp erie nce a re th o ro ughly c o nfu se d a b out th e s e le cti o n o f th eir u p co m in g
occup ati o ns. A no th er i s th at y o ung a d ults a re a b le to a chie v e r e al- life s k ill s e t a nd
jo b e xp erie nce e sse nti a l f o r th eir l a te r c are ers d urin g th is w ork in g p erio d o f ti m e.
Tacklin g f in ancia l i s su es i s th e l a st b enefit i n v esti g ate d i n th is e ssa y. N ot a ll
stu d ents a re a b le to a ffo rd th e u niv ers ity f e e f o r th e w ho le f o ur a cad em ic y ears ;
th ere fo re ; w ork in g i n th e g ap y ear m ay a ssis t th em i n d ealin g w ith f is c al p ro ble m s.
Nev erth ele ss, g etti n g a j o b f o r a p erio d o f ti m e b efo re o ffic ia lly r e gis te rin g to a
univ ers ity m ay a ls o b rin g s o m e u nd esir a b le i n flu ence o n a d ole sc ents . F ir s tl y , i t
mig ht b e m ore d iffic ult f o r th em to r e call p re v io us f u nd am enta l k no w le d ge
esse nti a l f o r th eir e ntr a nce e xam . S eco nd ly , w ork in g w ith o ut f o rm al q ualific ati o ns
le ad s to l o w s a la ry , u nsa ti s fie d w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent a nd b ein g p ut u nd er
pre ssu re . L ast b ut n o t l e ast, th ey m ay l a te r l o se th eir i n te re st i n p urs u in g te rti a ry
ed ucati o n l e ad in g to th e s c arc e i n te lle ctu al w ork fo rc e.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s n o t a lw ays a g o od i d ea to b e r e cru ite d a fte r g ra d uati n g f r o m
hig h s c ho ol; b ut i t i s o ne o f th e m ost e ffe cti v e a rra ngem ents f o r y o ungste rs to
co nsid er d ep end in g o n th eir a uth enti c f in ancia l a nd s tu d y c o nd iti o ns.
289 w ord s
217

SA M PL E 2 3
Countr ie s a re b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore s im ila r b eca use p eople a re a ble t o
buy t h e s a m e p ro ducts a nyw here in t h e w orld .
Do y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
Now ad ays, d ue to th e g lo baliz a ti o n a s w ell a s th e d ev elo pm ent o f i m port a nd
exp ort, m any c o untr ie s h av e r e se m ble d to e ach o th er b ecause th eir c iti z e ns h av e
opportu niti e s to a ccess to th e c o m moditi e s o f m any r e gio ns i n th e w orld .
How ev er, r e centl y , th is p heno m eno n h as tr ig gere d a h eate d d eb ate - a s to w heth er
th is tr e nd w ould b e b enefic ia l to c o untr ie s th em se lv es. I n m y o pin io n, I b elie v e
th at th is d ev elo pm ent i s a d vanta geo us - b ecause i t w ould b oost e co no m y d esp ite
slig ht d am age to th e d om esti c m ark et.
On th e o ne h and , i f m any c o m moditi e s f r o m a ll o ver th e w orld a re i m porte d i n to a
co untr y , i ts r e sid ents a re a b le to a p pro ach a nd p urc hase h ig h-q uality p ro ducts
world w id e. T o i llu str a te , i t i s s o m e p arts o f th e w orld s u ch a s th e U SA , J a p an
whic h e xcel a t m ic ro -te chno lo gy, G M O f o ods a nd th us, a lo ng w ith th e b oom o f
tr a nsp orta ti o n, th ese g o ods c o uld b e g iv en to c usto m ers i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s.
In a d diti o n, th e u niv ers a l a ccess to i n te rn ati o nal p ro ducts i s l ik ely to o pti m iz e th e
co st- e ffe cti v e u se o f e xp ensiv e p ro ducts . M ore s p ecific ally , m any p ro ducts a re
bought f r o m f o re ig n c o untr ie s b ut th eir c o m ponents a re f r o m m any p arts o f th e
world . A s a r e su lt, i f th e m ark et r e se m ble s d ue to s im ila r g o ods, c usto m ers a re
cap ab le o f f ix in g a nd r e p la cin g th e b ro ken e le m ents i n ste ad o f b uyin g n ew w ho le
pro ducts .
On th e o th er h and , th is tr e nd c o uld i n flu ence a d vers e ly to th e d om esti c m ark et. A s
lo ng a s c usto m ers c o uld a p pro ach c utti n g-e d ge p ro ducts f r o m d ev elo ped
co untr ie s, th ey h av e a te nd ency to i g no re h o m egro w n p ro ducts b ecause th ey
usu ally p ale i n c o m paris o n w ith f o re ig n c o m moditi e s. H ow ev er, th is n egati v e
effe cts c o uld b e c urb ed p ro vid ed th at d om esti c c o m panie s a nd m anufa ctu re rs a re
offe re d i n sig hts i n to m odern te chno lo gy w ith th e h elp f r o m th e g o vern m ent a nd
th ey a re w illin g to a d ap t to th e i n te rn ati o nal d ev elo pm ent. I n c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s
to m e th at g lo bal c o m bin ati o n c o uld b rin g th e b est s e rv ic es f o r c usto m ers a nd
pro m ote th e e co no m y.
306 w ord s
218

SA M PL E 2 4
Many p eople a rg ue t h at in o rd er t o im pro ve e duca tio nal q ualit y , h ig h s c h ool
stu dents a re e nco ura ged t o m ak e c o m ments o r e ven c rit ic is m o n t h eir
te ach ers. O th ers t h in k it w ill le ad t o lo ss o f r e sp ect a nd d is c ip lin e in t h e
cla ssro om . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
It i s tr u e th at f in d in g w ays to i m pro ve th e e d ucati o n s y ste m i s o ne o f th e to p
prio riti e s o f e v ery n ati o n/c o untr y . I n s o m e c ultu re s, w hile s o m e p eo ple b elie v e
th at s tu d ents s h o uld b e e nco ura ged to g iv e o pin io n a b out th eir te achers , I w ould
arg ue th at th is c an g iv e r is e to l a ck o f r e sp ect a nd d is c ip lin e i n th e c la ssro om
On th e o ne h and , th e o pti o n to m ake c o m ments a b out th eir te achers i s a ttr a cti v e
due to s e v era l r e aso ns. F ir s tl y , i t w ill h elp i m pro ve th e q uality o f e d ucati o n. F or
exam ple , i f th e c la ss i s s lo w , i t w ill b e i n effe cti v e f o r te achers to te ach s o f a st th at
most s tu d ents f a il to r e ta in th e i n fo rm ati o n. W ith o ut th e c o m ments o f s tu d ents ,
te achers w ill f in d i t d iffic ult to k no w w heth er th e s p eed o f th e l e sso n i s
ap pro pria te f o r th e c la ss, w hic h h as a g re at i m pact o n th e q uality o f th e l e sso n.
More o ver, s o m e p ro fe sso rs h av e s a id th at c o urs e e v alu ati o ns h elp th em
tr e m end ously i m pro ve th e c o urs e .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at th ere a re s e v era l d ra w backs o f a llo w in g s tu d ents
to g iv e f e ed back o r c riti c is m o n th eir te achers . T he m ain d em erit i s th at s o m e
stu d ents d o n o t k no w th e l im it a nd r e sp ect to th eir te achers i n s o m e s itu ati o ns. A s
a r e su lt, i t m ay l e ad to th e o ccurre nce o f b ad -b ehav io r s u ch a s o ffe nd in g o r e v en
in su lti n g th eir te achers . A dditi o nally , th e c la ssro om m ay b e i n c hao s d ue to
massiv e n um bers o f c o m ments . O pin io ns v ary f r o m s tu d ents to s tu d ents , a nd i t m ay
be i m pra cti c al f o r te achers to w ork o ut a w ay o f te achin g th at s a ti s fie s a ll s tu d ents
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th e i d ea o f a d vanta geo us i n s o m e a sp ect/ to s o m e e xte nt, i t
se em s to m e th at i t i s b ette r to d is c o ura ge s tu d ents to d o i t.
279 w ord s
219

SA M PL E 2 5
Em plo yers s o m etim es a sk p eople a pply in g f o r j o bs f o r p erso nal in fo rm atio n,
su ch a s t h eir h obbie s a nd in te re st, a nd w heth er t h ey a re m arrie d o r s in gle .
Som e p eople s a y t h at t h is in fo rm atio n m ay b e r e le vant a nd u se fu l. O th ers
dis a gre e.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y o ur a nsw er a nd i n clu d e a ny r e le v ant e xam ple s f r o m y o ur o w n
kno w le d ge o r e xp erie nce.
It i s tr u e th at th e q uesti o n o f w heth er to p ro vid e p ers o nal i n fo rm ati o n o r n o t w hen
ap ply in g f o r a j o b i s r a th er d eb ata b le . S om e a re o f th e v ie w th at i t i s n ecessa ry to
do i t, y et o th ers d o n o t a gre e. I w ill e xam in e b oth v ie w s i n th is w riti n g b efo re
se tti n g o ut m y p ers o nal o pin io n o n th e m atte r.
There a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy r e cru ite rs te nd to a sk f o r p ers o nal i n fo rm ati o n
fr o m j o b a p plic ants . F ir s tl y , th ey d efin ite ly w ant to r e co gniz e th e s tr e ngth s a nd
weaknesse s o f s u ch c and id ate s. B y th is w ay, i t w ill b e e asy to c ho ose s u ita b le
em plo yees f o r th e v acancy. F or e xam ple , r a th er th an c ho osin g th o se w ho a re
marrie d , s in gle p eo ple a re o bvio usly m ore a p pro pria te f o r th e p ositi o ns w hic h
re q uir e m any b usin ess tr ip s. S eco nd ly , th e s ta ff a re l ik ely to b enefit i n s o m e c ase s
when th e c o m panie s h elp th em d ev elo p th eir c are er p ath b ase d o n th eir s tr e ngth s.
In ste ad o f s tr u gglin g to m eet/ fu lfill s a le s ta rg et, i n tr o verte d s ta ff w ill b e
enco ura ged to d o i n th e b ack o ffic e, w hic h m ig ht l e ad to c are er s u ccess i n th e
fu tu re .
On th e o th er h and , I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at th e p riv acy c anno t b e i n v ad ed . T he f ir s t
re aso n f o r th is i s th at i t i s a h um an r ig ht to h av e th eir i n fo rm ati o n k ep t
co nfid enti a lly . I t i s n o t c o m puls o ry to e xp ose o ne’s p riv acy to e v ery o ne. I n s o m e
multi n ati o nals , a p plic ati o n f o rm s e v en d o n o t r e q uir e to p ro vid e th e p riv ate
in fo rm ati o n s u ch a s th eir g end er, a ge, m arita l s ta tu s a nd s o f o rth . F urth erm ore , th e
re su lt m ay b e d ev asta ti n g i f th e p ers o nal i n fo rm ati o n i s s to le n o r h acked . T here i s
no e v id ence th at th e c o m panie s c an a b so lu te ly g uara nte e th e e m plo yee’s
in fo rm ati o n s a fe ty e v en th o ugh th ey h av e s p ent a g re at d eal o f m oney o n d ata
se curity .
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th e m ore i n fo rm ati o n th e a p plic ants p ro vid e, th e m ore
benefic ia l i t i s f o r b oth e m plo yers a nd e m plo yees, i t s e em s to m e th at th e p riv acy
220

is v ita lly i m porta nt a nd i t c anno t b e i n v ad ed b y a ny r e aso ns.
330 w ord s
221

SA M PL E 2 6
Overp opula tio n in m any m ajo r u rb an c e nte rs a ro und t h e w orld is a m ajo r
pro ble m . W hat a re t h e c a use s o f t h is ? H ow c a n t h is p ro ble m b e s o lv ed?
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at th e i n cre d ib le r is e i n p opula ti o n h as n egati v e i m pacts o n
th e m odern s o cie ty . T here a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns b ehin d th is p oin t o f v ie w a nd
se v era l s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e p ro pose d to c hange th is d iffic ult s itu ati o n.
There a re tw o p rim ary r e aso ns w hy m ore a nd m ore p eo ple s ta rt to m ove to b ig
and p opula r c iti e s. O ne r e aso n i s th at u rb an e nv ir o nm ent o ffe rs a w id e r a nge o f
huge j o b o pportu niti e s w hic h h elp s h um an e arn a b ette r l iv in g. I n d eed , th e h ig her
purs u it o f p ro fe ssio ns c an h ard ly b e f o llo w ed i n s u ch r u ra l a re as d ue to th e
sh o rta ge o f c o nd iti o ns a nd i n fr a str u ctu re s. T his m ay l e ad to th e u nfu lfilm ent o f l ife
quality w hic h c o nsta ntl y d riv es f a rm ers a nd w ork ers to i m mig ra te to b ig to w ns.
Ano th er r e aso n i s th e d esir e f o r e njo yin g b ette r f a ciliti e s a nd w elfa re s w hic h a re
only a v aila b le i n u rb an c ente rs . F or e xam ple , a ll c hild re n a re e xp ecte d to a tte nd
qualifie d s c ho ols o r e v ery c iti z e n l o ngs f o r b ein g ta ken c are i n a d vanced a nd
pro fe ssio nal h o sp ita ls .
How ev er, m easu re s m ust b e ta ken b y th e g o vern m ent a nd i n te rn ati o nal b odie s to
so lv e th is i n tr ic ate p ro ble m a nd r e cre ate a b ette r s o cie ty . F ir s tl y , i t s h o uld b e o ne
of th e d em and in g j o bs o f a uth o rity to e xte nd th e a re a o f c iti e s a nd m ake e ffo rts to
dev elo p a nd c o nstr u ct m ore b uild in gs, h o sp ita ls a s w ell a s s c ho ols i n th e
co untr y sid es. T his n o t o nly e nco ura ges p eo ple to m ove to o th er p la ces to p ro sp er
but a ls o d ecre ase th e c hances o f o verp opula ti o n i n to w ns. S eco nd ly , s ta te s o ught
to i m pose a s tr ic t l im ita ti o n o n th e n um ber o f r e sid ents b y d is c o ura gin g e ach
fa m ily to g iv e b ir th m ore th an tw o i n u rb an a re as. T here b y, th e p opula ti o n w ill b e
ti g htl y s u p erv is e d a nd r e d uced s ig nific antl y .
All i n a ll, o nly b y r e str ic ti n g th e p opula ti o n o f u rb an c ente rs w ill th e p ro ble m b e
re so lv ed a nd th e s o cie ty b eco m es m ore o rd erly .
294 w ord s
222

SA M PL E 2 7
The m ovem ent o f p eople f r o m a gric u lt u ra l a re as t o c it ie s t o w ork c a n c a use
se rio us p ro ble m s in b oth p la ce s. W hat a re t h e s e rio us p ro ble m s a nd w hat
measu re s c a n b e t a k en t o s o lv e t h is p ro ble m ?
In r e cent y ears , p eo ple te nd to m ove f r o m a gric ultu ra l r e gio ns to c o sm opolita ns to
lo ok f o r j o b o pportu niti e s. S ev era l p ro ble m s h av e r e su lte d f r o m th is te nd ency a nd
th ey s h o uld b e ta ckle d b y a n um ber o f s o lu ti o ns.
There a re tw o m ajo r i s su es c an b e a nti c ip ate d . F ir s tl y , to o m any p eo ple l iv in g i n
citi e s c an c ause o verc ro w din g a nd o verp opula ti o n w hic h c o uld p ut i n fr a str u ctu re
of b ig c iti e s s u ch a s h o sp ita ls , s c ho ols o r p ub lic tr a nsp ort v ehic le u nd er h ig h
pre ssu re a nd m ay l e ad to o verlo ad ed s ta tu s. A s a r e su lt, a ccess to th o se r e so urc es
co uld b e l im ite d , m eanin g th at th e q uality o f l ife o f c iti z e ns w ill n o t b e g uara nte ed .
Besid es, a n i n cre ase i n c ity p opula ti o n w ill r e su lt i n th e i n cre ase d n um ber o f
vehic le s w hic h c an m ake th e c ity b eco m e m ore p ollu te d . S eco nd ly , c ity m ig ra ti o n
co uld c o ntr ib ute to th e d ep le ti o n o f f a rm in g d ue to th e l a ck o f a gric ultu ra l l a b or
fo rc e. A s a r e su lt, a gric ultu ra l l a nd c an b e u nin hib ite d a nd th is w ill l e ad to th e
fo od s h o rta ge.
Sin ce u rb aniz a ti o n i s a p art o f e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent, i t s e em s i m possib le to s to p
th is te nd ency a nd m easu re s s h o uld b e ta ken i n o rd er to c o ntr o l th o se p ro ble m s.
Fir s t, g o vern m ents s h o uld e nco ura ge e nte rp ris e s to i n v est i n a gric ultu ra l a re as a nd
use th e l o cal w ork fo rc es. T his w ill n o t o nly h elp to d ecre ase th e m ig ra ti o n o f
peo ple b ut a ls o a ttr a ct w ork ers f r o m b ig c iti e s. B esid es, i m pro vin g e sse nti a l
in fr a str u ctu re a nd p ro vid in g b ette r h ealth c are s e rv ic es to p eo ple i n r u ra l a re as
are a ls o h elp fu l i n c o ntr o llin g u rb aniz a ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, m ig ra ti o n o f p eo ple f r o m a gric ultu ra l a re as to u rb an a re as i s a
se rio us p ro ble m a nd s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e i m ple m ente d u rg entl y to o verc o m e th is
is su e.
261 w ord s
223

SA M PL E 2 8
Som e c h ild re n t h in k t h at s u bje cts s u ch a s m ath em atic s a nd p hilo so phy a re t o o
dif fic u lt f o r t h em t o s tu dy a t s c h ool, s o t h ey s h ould b e m ade o ptio nal r a th er
th an c o m puls o ry . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Now ad ays, a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f s tu d ents f in d i t d iffic ult i n s tu d yin g
math em ati c s a nd p hilo so phy. S om e p eo ple c la im th at th ese s u b je cts w ould r a th er
beco m e o pti o nal s u b je cts th an th e c o m puls o ry o nes. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I
su ggest th at e ith er m ath em ati c s o r p hilo so phy s h o uld r e m ain m and ato ry f o r a ll
stu d ents .
Math em ati c s a nd p hilo so phy a re th e s ta nd in g p oin t to m ajo rity s u b je cts i n s c ho ol
or e v en a lm ost m ajo r i n th e e co no m y. F or i n sta nce, p hysic s r e q uir e s s o m e u se fu l
to ol o f m ath s w hic h i s v ecto rs , i n te gra ls , d eriv ate s i n o rd er to a naly ze th e
dir e cti o ns o f f o rc es o r i n te rp re t th e a ccele ra ti o n a nd s p eed . I n a d diti o n, m any
peo ple m ay a rg ue th at m ath em ati c s a nd p hilo so phy a re o nly f o r p eo ple w ho d o
sc ie nce. T hese s u b je cts a re n o t o nly f o r s tu d ents w ho l o ve s tu d yin g s c ie nce b ut
als o f o r th e o nes w ho l e arn th e a rt. T hanks to th e a ssis t o f p hilo so phy, p eo ple w ill
hav e th e p ow er o f r e aso nin g a cco rd in g to th e th esis .
More o ver, b oth o f tw o s u b je cts w ill s tr e ngth en th e c o nnecti o n b etw een th eo ry a nd
re al- life e xp erie nce. M any p eo ple w ill c ap ab le o f l in kin g l o gic ally th e n ew
co ncep ts w ith th eir e xp erie nce. T hus, th eir j o b w ill b e d one m ore e ffic ie ntl y
whic h c an l e ad to a s u ccessfu l c are er i n p arti c ula r a nd a w ho le n ew f u tu re i n
genera l. A no th er b enefic ia l s id e o f m ath a nd p hilo so phy i s th at th ey h elp p eo ple
enhance l o gic al th in kin g a nd th ey h av e a v arie ty o f a p plic ati o ns i n th e s tu d ents ’
fu tu re .
223 w ord s
224

SA M PL E 2 9
More a nd m ore s tu dents a re c h oosin g t o s tu dy a t c o lle ges a nd u niv ersit ie s in
a f o re ig n c o untr y . D o t h e b enefit s o f s tu dyin g a bro ad o utw eig h t h e
dra w back s?
It i s tr u e th at th e n um ber o f s tu d ents w ho c ho ose to s tu d y o vers e as h as i n cre ase d
ra p id ly i n th e p ast f e w y ears . W hile th ere a re b enefits a nd d ra w backs o f s tu d yin g
in a f o re ig n c o untr y , I w ould a rg ue th at i t h as m ore b enefits f o r th e s tu d ents
th em se lv es.
On th e o ne h and , s o m e p eo ple b elie v e th at th e c ho ic e o f s tu d yin g a b ro ad h av e
so m e d is a d vanta ges. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at s tu d yin g o vers e as w ill c o st m ore th an
stu d yin g i n th e h o m e c o untr y . I t i s n ecessa ry f o r p are nts to s p end m ore m oney o n
air p la ne ti c kets , a cco m modati o ns, f o ods a nd c lo th es, b esid es tu iti o n f e es a nd
in su ra nces. A no th er r e aso n i s th at s tu d ents m ig ht b e u nfa m ilia r a nd u nco m fo rta b le
with th e c ultu re , e nv ir o nm ent, a nd l a nguage o f th e n ew c o untr y . A s a c o nse q uence,
it m ig ht h av e a n egati v e e ffe ct o n th eir m enta l c o nd iti o n a nd p hysic al h ealth . F or
exam ple , m ost s tu d ents h av e p ro ble m s a d ju sti n g to c ultu re s h o ck. T his c an l e ad to
sy m pto m s s u ch a s n ause a, f r u str a ti o n, e xtr e m e ti r e d ness, c o nfu sio n, a nd
ho m esic kness.
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at s tu d yin g i n a no th er c o untr y b rin gs s o m any
positi v e a sp ects f o r th e s tu d ents th em se lv es. F ir s tl y , i f s tu d ents s tu d y i n a n ew
co untr y , th ey w ill h av e a c hance to l e arn n ew l a nguages a nd n ew c ultu re s.
Seco nd ly , s tu d ents w ill l e arn a b out h o w to l iv e i n d ep end entl y , s u ch a s c le anin g
th eir o w n r o om s o r d oin g th e l a und ry b y th em se lv es. T hir d ly , th ey c o uld m ake
new f r ie nd s w ith p eo ple f r o m o th er c o untr ie s a nd g et f a m ilia r w ith m ulti c ultu ra l
env ir o nm ents . L astl y , i t i s a f a ct th at i n c erta in c o untr ie s, i n te rn ati o nal g ra d uate
certi fic ate g iv es a d diti o nal v alu es w hen th e s tu d ents s e arc h f o r j o bs.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s u nd enia b le th at th e p re fe re nce o f s tu d yin g i n a f o re ig n c o untr y
has i ts o w n b enefits a nd d ra w backs. I t s e em s to m e th at i t h as m ore a d vanta ges f o r
th e s tu d ents th em se lv es.
290 w ord s
225

SA M PL E 3 0
In s c h ools a nd u niv ersit ie s, g ir ls t e nd t o c h oose a rts w hile b oys lik e s c ie nce .
What a re t h e r e aso ns f o r t h is t r e nd a nd d o y ou t h in k t h is t e ndency s h ould b e
ch anged?
Now ad ays, th ere a re m ore a nd m ore f e m ale s tu d ents e nro llin g a rt c la sse s w hile
male s te nd to o pt f o r s c ie nce s u b je cts . T here e xis t s e v era l o bvio us r e aso ns b ehin d
th is te nd ency a nd I b elie v e th at i t s h o uld b e a lte re d i n s o m e c ir c um sta nces.
Fir s t o f a ll, s tu d ents ’ p re fe re nces i n d iffe re nt c la sse s c an b e a ttr ib ute d to th e
re q uir e m ents i n e ach f ie ld . G enera lly , f e m ale s w ith v iv id i m agin ati o n a re m ore
lik ely to ta ke p art i n a rt c o urs e s, w hile s c ie nce s u b je cts s u ch a s p hysic s o r
math em ati c s n eed c o nsid era b le a naly ti c al a b iliti e s a nd l o gic al th in kin g w hic h a re
am ong th e s tr e ngth s o f m ale s tu d ents . M ore o ver, s c ie nce-re la te d f ie ld s r e q uir e
more p hysic al a b iliti e s, c o ncentr a ti o n th an o th ers . F or e xam ple , to s u ccessfu lly
obta in a d ip lo m a i n a m ed ic al c o urs e , a p ers o n n eed s to p ass m any e xam s
in clu d in g to ns o f e xp erim ents a nd d is se rta ti o ns to h and i n a nd h e o r s h e i s a ls o
overw helm ed w ith a l o t o f a ssig nm ents w ith in a s h o rt a m ount o f ti m e.
How ev er, I a m o f th e o pin io n th at th is tr e nd s h o uld b e s lig htl y c hanged . F ir s t a nd
fo re m ost, s o m e s c ie nce s u b je cts a re m ore s u ita b le f o r g ir ls th an th e o pposite s e x,
whic h a re c la sse s r e q uir in g p ati e nce a nd m eti c ulo us p re p ara ti o n. N urs e ry
perfe ctl y e xem plifie s th is r e aso n. W hen a p ers o n w ants to l e arn to b eco m e a
nurs e , e sp ecia lly w hen h e o r s h e h as to c are f o r th e e ld erly , th is p ers o n h as to b e
co nsid era te a nd ta ke h eed o f e v en m in o r th in gs. F urth erm ore , s tu d ents s h o uld h av e
fr e e c ho ic es to c ho ose th eir f u tu re p ath s. I t i s e v id ent th at n o w ad ays s o m e a re
le arn in g p arti c ula r s u b je cts i n s c ho ols o r c o lle ges j u st b ecause o f th eir p are nts ’
wis h es. T his m ay c ause r e se ntm ent a nd d is c o ura ge th e s tu d ents ’ p erfo rm ances.
In c o nclu sio n, th e u p su rg e i n th e n um ber o f m ale s e nte rin g s c ie nce c la sse s a lo ng
with f e m ale s’ p arti c ip ati o n i n a rt f ie ld s c an b e u nd ers ta nd ab le d ue to th e
afo re m enti o ned r e aso ns a nd s o m e a lte rn ati o n s h o uld b e m ad e to th is te nd ency.
298 w ord s
226

SA M PL E 3 1
Som e p eople t h in k t h at p eople m ovin g t o a n ew c o untr y s h ould a cce pt n ew
cu lt u re in t h e f o re ig n c o untr y . O th ers t h in k t h at t h ey s h ould liv e a s a
se para te m in orit y g ro up w it h a d if fe re nt lif e sty le .
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
The i s su e o f w heth er p eo ple s e ttl in g i n a n ew c o untr y s h o uld a d opt n ew c ultu re o r
no t i s o pened to d eb ate . W hile th ere a re b enefits to m ain ta in th eir l ife sty le , I
would a gre e th at i m mig ra nts s h o uld b ehav e a s p eo ple o f th e h o st c o untr y .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy p eo ple i n sis t o n k eep in g th eir
tr a d iti o ns. F ir s tl y , c ultu ra l c o nse rv ati o n a llo w s th em to e xp re ss th eir l o ve f o r
fa m ily a nd n ati o n. F or e xam ple , b egin nin g o f F eb ru ary , m ore E ast A sia s tu d ents
cele b ra te a p arty f o r a n ew y ear a s f o llo w in g o ld ty p e. S eco nd ly , i f a p ers o n i s
fr o m a c o untr y w ith s tr o ng a nd o ld c usto m s, i t w ill b e d iffic ult f o r h im to a d opt
new o nes. H e c anno t b re ak th e o ld c usto m s s u ch a s f o od h ab its a nd w ear c erta in
ty p es o f c lo th es.
On th e o th er h and , i t s e em s to m e th at c o pyin g th e n ew tr a d iti o nal l ife sty le s i s th e
best c ho ic e. E xp lo rin g a nd u nd ers ta nd in g n ew c ultu re p ro vid es a p le nty o f
opportu niti e s to s u ccess s u cceed /m ove f o rw ard i n th e l ife . I t s u p ports th em to g et
on w ell w ith c o m muniti e s r a p id ly o r b uild a s tr o ng r e la ti o nsh ip w ith o th ers
because l o cals f e el r e sp ecte d w hen th eir c usto m s a re u nd ers to od a nd i m ita te d .
More o ver, i t d ecre ase s c hances o f m is u nd ers ta nd in g a nd e m barra ssm ent. F or
exam ple , w hen y o u m ove b y p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n i n J a p an, y o u w ill n o t c erta in ly
giv e u p th e c hair f o r o ld er p eo ple , th is i s c o nsid ere d b ein g i m polite a cti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile h o ld in g o n o w n c ultu re d oes h av e s o m e b enefits , i t s e em s to
me th at c hangin g th e tr a d iti o n o f h o st n ati o n h as p ositi v e e ffe cts o n th eir l iv es.
256 w ord s
227

SA M PL E 3 2
Dis c u ss t h e a dvanta ges a nd d is a dvanta ges o f s tu dyin g a bro ad.
When th e to pic o f o vers e as e d ucati o n c o m es i n to v ie w , th ere e xis ts c o ntr o vers y.
Som e a sse rt th at s tu d yin g a b ro ad i s b enefic ia l, w here as o pponents o f th is i d ea
pre fe r to p urs u e h ig her e d ucati o n i n th eir o w n c o untr ie s. P ers o nally , I f in d th e
ad vanta ges o f s tu d yin g i n a f o re ig n c o untr y o utw eig h th e d is a d vanta ges b ase d o n
vario us r e aso ns.
Stu d yin g a b ro ad o ffe rs m any b enefits . O ne o f th em i s th e m ulti - c ultu ra l
env ir o nm ent th at s tu d ents e xp erie nce. T hey a re a b le to e xp and th eir k no w le d ge o n
div ers ity , w hic h m akes i t e asie r to w ork i n i n te rn ati o nal c o m panie s i n th e f u tu re .
Furth erm ore , o vers e as e d ucati o n n o t o nly c ulti v ate s a n i n te rc o nti n enta l
re la ti o nsh ip , b ut a ls o s tr e ngth en u nd ers ta nd in g a nd r e sp ect b etw een d iffe re nt
backgro und s. A no th er n o ta b le a d vanta ge i s th e p ra cti c e o f i n d ep end ence f o r
overs e as s tu d ents . M ost s tu d ents tr a v el a lo ne to p urs u e h ig her e d ucati o n,
th ere fo re , th ey o ught to h av e s e lf- re lia nce a nd r e sp onsib ility f o r th em se lv es to
main ta in a h ealth y l ife sty le . O n to p o f w hic h, th ey n eed to b e d ilig ent w ith th eir
stu d ie s a s w ell, w hic h i s b ound to s ti m ula te s e lf- im pro vem ent.
On th e o th er h and , o vers e as s tu d yin g e xp erie nce c o uld h av e s o m e s h o rt- c o m in gs.
Bein g u nfa m ilia r w ith th e e d ucati o n f o rm at i s a h uge d ra w back f o r i n te rn ati o nal
stu d ents . I t r e q uir e s a c erta in a m ount o f ti m e f o r th em to g et u se d to th e n ew ly
in tr o duced l e arn in g m eth o d, w hic h c o uld p ut a s tr a in o n th eir r e su lts . T his c o uld
be r a th er d is c o ura gin g a nd s tr e ssfu l to s o m e s tu d ents w ho f a il to k eep u p , a ffe cti n g
th eir m enta l h ealth . M ore o ver, h av in g to m anage e v ery th in g o n o ne’s o w n r e q uir e s
gre at e ffo rts . A s p re v io usly m enti o ned , o vers e as l e arn ers a re e xp ecte d to b oth
meet a cad em ic r e q uir e m ents a nd l iv in g a rra ngem ent. F or y o ung a d ults , c arry in g
out ta sk s, s u ch a s c o okin g, d oin g th e l a und ry , w ith o ut a ny h elp f r o m th eir f a m ilie s
co uld b e q uite c halle ngin g. T ho se w ho a re n o t c ap ab le o f b ala ncin g th eir
ed ucati o n a nd l ife sty le a re l ik ely to s u ffe r f r o m a nxie ty a nd d ep re ssio n.
On th e w ho le , th e e ssa y c le arly c o m munic ate s th at th ere a re b oth a d vanta ges a nd
dis a d vanta ges to s tu d yin g a b ro ad . H ow ev er, i n m y h um ble o pin io n, o vers e as
stu d ents c o uld g re atl y b enefit f r o m a f o re ig n s tu d yin g e nv ir o nm ent i f th ey a re
dete rm in ed to o verc o m e th e c halle nges i t b rin gs.
329 w ord s
228

SA M PL E 3 3
The c rim e
r a te in t e enagers h as in cre ase d d ra m atic a lly in m any c o untr ie s in
re ce nt y ears. W hat a re t h e c a use s, a nd w hat a re t h e s o lu tio ns?
The p ro porti o n o f c rim e i n te enagers s a w a d ra m ati c i n cre ase i n o th er n ati o ns i n
re cent y ears . T here a re s e v era l c ause s o f i n cre asin g c rim e r a ti o i n te enagers , a nd
se v era l a cti o ns n eed to b e ta ken to s o lv e th is p ro ble m .
The g ro w th o f c rim e r a te i n te enagers i s c ause d b y s e v era l f a cto rs . F ir s tl y , th e
in te rn et a nd m ed ia a re o ne o f th e f a cto rs , w hic h l e ad to th e w ro ngd oin g o f
child re n. B ecause n o w ad ays th e i n te rn et a nd m ed ia te nd to d ev elo p r a p id ly , y o ung
peo ple h av e a ccess to m ore v io le nt m ate ria ls s u ch a s v id eo g am es o r f ilm s. A s a
re su lt, th ey i m ita te v io le nt a cti o n i n f ilm s o r g am es w hic h r e su lt i n A BC.
Seco nd ly , s in ce p are nts a re b usy to m ake m oney, th ey d o n o t h av e e no ugh ti m e to
ta ke c are o f th eir c hild re n. T here fo re , c hild re n c an d o w hate v er th ey w ant a nd
mig ht h av e i n ap pro pria te b ehav io r s u ch a s d ru gs o r s te alin g.
Effe cti v e s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e p ro pose d to d eal w ith th e p ro ble m s d esc rib ed
ab ove. F ir s t o f a ll, th e g o vern m ent s h o uld l im it c hild re n’s a ccess to v io le nt
mate ria ls . F or e xam ple , v io le nt f ilm s c an b e b anned o n T V. A s e co nd m easu re i s
th at p are nts n eed to p ay m ore a tte nti o n to th eir o ffs p rin g. F or i n sta nce, p are nts
sh o uld e nco ura ge th eir c hild re n to p arti c ip ate i n u se fu l a cti v iti e s s u ch a s s p orts o r
music al i n str u m ents a s w ell a s a p ply h eav ie r p unis h m ents to te enage c rim in als to
make th em b e a fr a id a nd a v oid c o m mitti n g c rim es.
In c o nclu sio n, a n um ber o f r e aso ns f o r d ra m ati c i n cre asin g a d ole sc ent c rim es c an
be a d dre sse d , a nd v ario us m easu re s n eed to b e ta ken to ta ckle th is p ro ble m .
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SA M PL E 3 4
Som e p eople s a y t h at y oung p eople le arn u se fu l s k ills b y p la yin g e le ctr o nic
and c o m pute r g am es. O th ers s a y t h at y oung p eople w ho p la y e le ctr o nic a nd
co m pute r g am es a re w astin g t h eir t im e.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
These d ays
, a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f p eo ple a re p la yin g e le ctr o nic a nd c o m pute r
gam es. W hile s o m e p eo ple a re o f th e o pin io n th at y o ung p eo ple c an l e arn u se fu l
sk ills b y p la yin g s u ch e nte rta in m ent g am es, o th ers s a y th at th ey a re w asti n g th eir
ti m e.
It i s c erta in ly tr u e th at p eo ple w ho p la y e le ctr o nic a nd c o m pute r g am es c an g et
so m e b enefits f r o m i t. G enera lly , p eo ple p la y c o m pute r g am es i n th eir f r e e ti m e
because th ey w ant to r e lie v e s tr e ss. F urth er, v id eo g am es c an h elp p la yers
im pro ve c erta in s k ills . A s p la yers h av e to h and le s itu ati o ns th at r e q uir e a ccura cy
and a gility b ecause o f th e i n te ra cti o n b etw een th em a nd th e g am es, th ey m ust h av e
th e g o od e ye-h and c o ord in ati o n to p la y w ell. M ore o ver, e le ctr o nic g am es a lw ays
offe r c halle nges to p la yers , s o i t d em and s th em to r e act w ith a v ery r e sp onsiv e
bra in a nd c o m e u p w ith q uic k e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o ns. T his a llo w s th em to i m pro ve
th eir th in kin g s k ills a nd p la n th e r ig ht s tr a te gie s th at c o ntr ib ute to th e s u ccess o f
th eir w ork .
How ev er, th ere a re m any p eo ple w ho f e el th at y o ung p eo ple w ho p la y e le ctr o nic
and c o m pute r g am es a re s p end in g th eir ti m e o n a f r iv olo us th in g. P la yin g v id eo
gam es h ab itu ally i s a sso cia te d w ith a n i n cre ase i n a d vers e e ffe cts o n h ealth s u ch
as h ig h b lo od p re ssu re , e ye-re la te d d is e ase s, d ry s k in , a nd w rin kle s. I n a d diti o n,
th ere i s a c le ar c o nnecti o n b etw een a b usin g g am es a nd s tu d ents ’ f a ilu re i n
le arn in g. S tu d ents w ho s p end e xcessiv e ti m e o n p la yin g g am es w ill n egle ct th eir
sc ho ol w ork . P la yin g v id eo g am es a ls o g iv es r is e to a h ig h l e v el o f tr u ancy. A s a
re su lt, th eir s c ho ol p erfo rm ances a re a d vers e ly a ffe cte d .
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at a lth o ugh y o ung p eo ple c an l e arn s o m e u se fu l s k ills b y
pla yin g e nte rta in m ent g am es, i t i s c le ar th at p la yin g g am es to o m uch h as m ore
ad vers e e ffe cts th an b enefits . T here fo re , y o ung p eo ple s h o uld n o t s p end e xcessiv e
ti m e p la yin g c o m pute r g am es to g et th e p ositi v e a d vanta ges o f g am es a nd to a v oid
th e n egati v e e ffe cts o f g am e a d dic ti o n.
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SA M PL E 3 5
In m any W este rn c o untr ie s, t h ere is a n in cre asin g n um ber o f c o uple s c h oosin g
to h ave n o c h ild re n.
What a re t h e a dvanta ges a nd d is a dvanta ges t o c o uple s h avin g n o c h ild re n?
Weste rn c o up le s th ese d ays h av e i n cre asin gly c hanged th eir m in d s a b out h av in g
child re n. I t i s a f a ct th at p are nti n g o r n o t- p are nti n g b rin gs b oth b enefits a nd
dra w backs i n m any f ie ld s o f l ife .
On th e o ne h and , r a is in g/b rin gin g u p a c hild i s i m mense ly e xp ensiv e. A l o t o f
belie fs a re h eld th at s u p porti n g a c hild ’s l ife f r o m b ir th to e ig hte en y ears o ld i s
beyo nd th eir f in ancia l a b ility . S om e p eo ple i n iti a lly r e fu se to g iv e b ir th b ecause
th ey w ant to s a v e m oney f o r th eir l e is u re a cti v iti e s a nd e ld er l ife . M ore o ver, i t i s
re la ti v ely e asie r f o r n o t- p are nti n g to p urs u e h ig her i n th eir c ho se n p ro fe ssio ns.
Als o , b ein g a c hild le ss c o up le c an l e t th em s p end m ore ti m e to geth er w ith th eir
partn er.
On th e o th er h and , th o se w ho h av e c hild re n p ro ve to g ain a v arie ty o f a d vanta ges.
Adult c hild re n a re n o rm ally b elie v ed to ta ke g o od c are o f th eir p are nts w hen th ey
beco m e o ld . F or e xam ple , a n e ld erly a lo ne c anno t d riv e to th e s u p erm ark et a nd
co ok f o r h im se lf. I n a d diti o n, h av in g n o c hild c an m ake p eo ple f e el s o rt o f m is fits
fr o m th eir f e llo w s w ho h av e o ne. S om eti m es c hild re n a re th e o nes w ho c an
co nnect th eir p are nts to geth er, m ain ta in in g w ell th e r e la ti o nsh ip o f c o up le s. I n f a ct,
many b ro ken m arria ges/m any m arria ges b ein g o n th e b rin k o f d iv orc e a re s a v ed
th anks to th e b ond o f th eir k id s.
All i n a ll, a lth o ugh b ein g p are nts c an e xp erie nce th e s e nse o f r e sp onsib ility ,
child le ss l ife h elp p eo ple to l iv e m ore i n d ep end ent b y s a v in g a c erta in a m ount o f
ti m e a nd m oney. I t c an b e c o nclu d ed th at e ach c ho ic e b rin gs u niq ue a d vanta ges
and d is a d vanta ges.
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SA M PL E 3 6
Cyclin g is m ore e nvir o nm enta lly f r ie ndly t h an o th er f o rm s o f t r a nsp ort. W hy
is it n ot p opula r in m any p la ce s? A nd h ow t o in cre ase it s p opula rit y ?
Alth o ugh r id in g a b ic ycle c an b rin g n um ero us b enefits to o ur e nv ir o nm ent i n ste ad
of u sin g o th er s o rts o f v ehic le s, i t i s tr u e th at th ere i s a l im ite d n um ber o f p eo ple
are m ore l ik ely to u se i t b ecause o f s e v era l r e aso ns. T o r e d uce th is u np opula rity ,
so m e s o lu ti o ns c o uld b e p ro pose d a t th e l e v el o f i n d iv id uals , a s w ell a s th e
so cie ty .
To b egin w ith , th ere i s a r a nge o f r e aso ns w hy f e w p eo ple u se b ic ycle s to tr a v el
on a r e gula r b asis . F ir s tl y , l iv in g i n a f a st- p aced l ife , p eo ple s e em to b eco m e
much b usie r w ith a h eav y w ork lo ad th an i n th e p ast, a nd i n d iv id uals w ant to
re d uce th e ti m e s p end in g o n tr a nsp ort a s m uch a s p ossib le . T o b e m ore p re cis e ,
no w ad ays, n o t o nly d o p eo ple w ork a t th eir w ork p la ce, b ut a ls o ta ke ti m e to f in is h
th eir ta sk s a t h o m e, s o th e i n cre ase i n h o urs o f w ork r e q uir e d th em to m in im iz e th e
ti m e f o r tr a nsp ort. A s a r e su lt, th ey c o uld n o t u ti liz e b ic ycle s – a l o w -s p eed
vehic le b ut te nd to p rio riti z e th e u sa ge o f m oto rb ik es o r c ars w hic h w ould ta ke
le ss ti m e. S eco nd ly , c yclin g r e q uir e s a g re ate r s tr e ngth a nd s ta m in a th an r id in g a
moto rb ik e o r d riv in g a c ar. T his p artl y d is c o ura ges p eo ple f r o m c ho osin g th is
means o f tr a nsp ort, e sp ecia lly i n th e u nco m fo rta b le w eath er o r w hen th ey h av e to
tr a v el a l o ng d is ta nce.
Regard in g s o lu ti o ns, s e v era l s te p s c an b e ta ken to r a is e th e p opula rity o f b ic ycle s.
The f ir s t s o lu ti o n s h o uld c o m e f r o m th e g o vern m enta l a cti o ns to d is su ad e c iti z e ns
fr o m o w nin g a nd u ti liz in g p riv ate m oto rb ik es o r c ars s u ch a s i n cre asin g th e p ric e
of p etr o l o r r a is in g th e ta x o n th ese v ehic le s. A s a c o nse q uence, m ore p eo ple
would o pt b ic ycle a s th eir p rim ary m eans o f tr a nsp ort. A dditi o nally , a t th e s a m e
ti m e, c entr a l a uth o riti e s s h o uld a ls o b uild m ore l a nes s e rv in g o nly c yclis ts , w hic h
would m ake i t m uch f a ste r a nd s a fe r to tr a v el b y b ic ycle s. I n th e l e v el o f
in d iv id uals , th e f in al s o lu ti o n i s to l a unch c am paig ns to r a is e c iti z e ns’ a w are ness
of th e e nv ir o nm enta l d egra d ati o n w hic h i s p artl y c ause d b y h arm fu l e ffe cts o f
moto rb ik es a nd c ars , a nd th is c o uld l e ad p eo ple to c ycle m ore o fte n.
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy b ic ycle s b eco m e l e ss c o m mon i n
to day’s w orld , a nd m easu re s s h o uld b e ta ken to p ro m ote th is m eans o f tr a nsp ort to
achie v e s u sta in ab le d ev elo pm ent e arly .
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SA M PL E 3 7
The in te rn et h as t r a nsfo rm ed t h e w ay in fo rm atio n is s h are d a nd c o nsu m ed,
but it h as a ls o c re ate d p ro ble m s t h at d id n ot e xis t b efo re . W hat a re t h e m ost
se rio us p ro ble m s a sso cia te d w it h t h e in te rn et a nd w hat s o lu tio ns c a n y ou
su ggest?
It i s tr u e th at i n te rn et h as c ause d e no rm ous p ro ble m s to u se rs b esid es i ts p ositi v e
effe cts . I n th is e ssa y, I i n te nd to i d enti fy th e m ost s e rio us i m pacts a sso cia te d w ith
th is n etw ork a nd p ro pose s o m e p ossib le s o lu ti o ns to d eal w ith i t.
There a re n um ero us n egati v e i m pacts i n v olv ed i n th e i n te rn et. F ir s t o f a ll, i t i s
und enia b le th at s o m e i n fo rm ati o n o n th is n etw ork i s e xtr e m ely h arm fu l, r a ngin g
fr o m p orn o gra p hy, v io le nce to i n str u cti o n o n h o w to m ake a n e xp lo siv e b om b.
Such c o nte nts w ould s ti m ula te th e j u v enile s w ho c o uld n o t d is ti n guis h r ig ht f r o m
wro ng to f o rm w ro ng b ehav io r o r e v en c o m mit c rim es. S eco nd ly , th ere i s a
pote nti a l r is k o f s o cia l i s o la ti o n, a p ro ble m i s o ccasio nally s e en i n p eo ple w ho
pre fe r s p end in g s ig nific ant ti m e o n te rm in als to e ngagin g i n th e r e al w orld .
How ev er, I c o nte nd s u ch p ro ble m s c an b e r e so lv ed b y th e e ffo rt o f b oth th e
go vern m ent a nd th e s o cie ty . T he p rim ary m easu re w ould b e c enso rs h ip o f th e
auth o rity to c o ntr o l th e i n fo rm ati o n th at i s e xp ose d to th e p ub lic . T his p ro ced ure
can e lim in ate h arm fu l c o nte nts , w hic h c o uld a p pro ach i n te rn et u se rs f r o m th e
web site s. S im ulta neo usly , s c ho ols a nd o rg aniz a ti o ns i m ple m ent e d ucati o n
cam paig ns to r a is e p eo ple ’s a w are ness a b out d ra w backs o f b ein g a d dic te d to
so cia l n etw ork s w hic h h av e b een i n cre asin gly p opula r w ith th e y o uth s. T he o th er
ta cti c i s p are nts ’ o bse rv ati o n to th eir c hild re n. T hey s h o uld s e t r u le s o n th eir
child re n’ ti m e c o nsu m in g to th e i n te rn et, a s w ell a s c o ntr o l th e c o nte nt th e k id s
watc h.
In c o nclu sio n, th e n egati v e i m pacts o f th e i n te rn et a re i n cre d ib ly tr e m end ous.
How ev er, th e p ro pose d i n te gra te d s o lu ti o ns c o uld b e o ffe re d to ta ckle th is
pro ble m e ffe cti v ely .
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SA M PL E 3 8
The m oney s p ent b y g overn m ents o n s p ace p ro gra m mes w ould b e b ette r
sp ent o n v it a l p ublic s e rv ic e s s u ch a s s c h ools a nd h osp it a ls .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s o fte n a rg ued th at i t w ould b e a w aste o f r e so urc es w hen th e g o vern m ent i n
so m e c o untr ie s s p end s l a rg e a m ounts o f m oney o n s p ace e xp lo ra ti o n p ro gra m s,
in ste ad , th e b ud get s h o uld b e i n v este d i n p ub lic s e rv ic es s u ch a s e d ucati o n a nd
health care . W hile I a gre e th at th is i s tr u e i n p ra cti c al te rm s, I b elie v e th at
allo cati n g to s p ace p ro gra m s i s a ctu ally a n i m porta nt th in g i n th e d ev elo pm ent
pro gre ss o f o ur p la net.
On th e o ne h and , th e a uth o riti e s s h o uld s p end m oney o n v ita l p ub lic s e rv ic es
because o f th eir p ositi v e i m pact o n s o cie ty a s a w ho le . C om pare d to th e
exp end itu re s o n s p ace e xp lo ra ti o n p ro je cts , i t i s m uch c heap er to tr a in
pro fe ssio nals w ork in g i n p ub lic s e cto rs s u ch a s d octo rs , te achers o r p olic e
offic ers w ho a re to ta lly b enefic ia l f o r i m pro vin g s o cia l w elfa re . F urth erm ore ,
ev ery m em ber o f th e s o cie ty c an b enefit f r o m s c ho ols , h o sp ita ls , a nd r o ad s, a nd
we a ll n eed th e s e curity th at th e p olic e p ro vid e. I f th e c entr a l g o vern m ents
re allo cate d th e m oney s p ent o n s p ace tr a v el a nd r e se arc h to d ev elo p c o m munity
se rv ic es, th o usa nd s o f p eo ple c o uld b e l ifte d o ut o f p overty o r g iv en a f a ir e r a nd
bette r q uality o f l ife .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at s p ace p ro gra m s s h o uld b e e nco ura ged i n th e
te chno lo gic al s o cie ty d esp ite th e f a ct th at s p ace f a ciliti e s a nd e q uip m ent c o m e a t a
huge c o st to th e g o vern m ent. I t i s u nd oub te d th at th is f ie ld c an b e c o nsid ere d a s a n
in no vati v e a chie v em ent o f th e w orld a s i t h as c o ntr ib ute d to th e s p ecia lis t s o urc e
of k no w le d ge o f th e u niv ers e , w hic h i s b eyo nd th e l im its o f o ur p la net. F or
exam ple , th ere i s a p ro fo und i n cre ase i n th e a cco m plis h m ents o f o ute r s p ace
exp lo ra ti o n s u ch a s l a unchin g s p ace r o ckets , s p ace p ro bes a nd s p ace s h uttl e s i n
re cent d ecad es. A s a r e su lt, th ese i n sig hts h av e b eco m e v alu ab le a nd r e lia b le f o r
th e e d ucati o n o f y o unger g enera ti o n, a nd w hic h c an s ti m ula te th eir c re ati v ity ,
esp ecia lly o n n atu re s c ie nti fic r e se arc h, w hic h w ould b e a ctu ally a l o ng-te rm p la n
to b uild a m ore m odern s o cie ty .
In c o nclu sio n, m y v ie w i s th at b esid es s p end in g m oney o n v ita l p ub lic s e rv ic es
th at b enefit a ll m em bers o f th e s o cie ty , g o vern m ents s h o uld c o nti n uo usly i n v est i n
sp ace e xp lo ra ti o n p ro je cts to b uild a p ro gre ssiv e a nd c iv iliz e d s o cie ty .
234

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235

SA M PL E 3 9
Fossil f u els s u ch a s c o al o r o il a re m ain s o urc e s o f e nerg y in m any c o untr ie s.
How ever, in s o m e c o untr ie s, t h e u se o f r e new able s o urc e o f e nerg y s u ch a s
so la r a nd w in d e nerg y a re e nco ura ged. I s it p osit iv e o r n egativ e?
In r e cent y ears th ere h as b een a g ro w in g te nd ency f o r c o untr ie s to u se a lte rn ati v e
so urc es o f e nerg y r a th er th an f o ssil f u els . I b elie v e th at th is s h o uld b e g iv en a to p
prio rity b ecause o f l o ts o f i ts a d vanta ges b ro ught to p eo ple ’s l iv es.
On th e o ne h and , s o cie ti e s w ould h av e to f a ce s o m e n egati v e c o nse q uences o f
usin g f o ssil f u els a s th e m ain s o urc es o f e nerg y. F ir s tl y , a n a m ount o f f o ssil f u el i s
lim ite d . I f p eo ple d o n o t ta ke a d vanta ge o f r e new ab le s o urc es o f e nerg y, th ey h av e
to s u ffe r a s e rio us s h o rta ge o f e nerg y s u p plie s i n a f o re se eab le f u tu re . S eco nd ly ,
usin g f o ssil f u els w ould n o t b e e nv ir o nm enta lly f r ie nd ly . T he b urn in g o f f o ssil
fu els c o ntr ib ute s to th e i n cre ase i n th e a m ount o f C O 2 e m is sio n, w hic h i s th e
le ad in g c ause o f th e g lo bal w arm in g. A s a r e su lt, th is w ould h av e a d etr im enta l
effe ct o n a ll l ife o n th e E arth .
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re m any b enefits f o r c o untr ie s th at u se a lte rn ati v e
so urc es o f e nerg y. G re en p ow er s o urc es a re e co -fr ie nd ly a nd d o n o t c o ntr ib ute to
air p ollu ti o n. A s th ere a re n o c arb on e m is sio ns, p ro ble m s o f c lim ate c hange a nd
poor a ir q uality c an b e ta ckle d b y i n cre asin g th e d ep end ence o n a lte rn ati v e
energ y. A dditi o nally , w in d a nd s o la r p ow er a re b oth r e new ab le s o urc es o f e nerg y.
In ste ad o f u sin g e xhausti n g f o ssil f u els w hic h a re b eco m in g e xhauste d , th e u se o f
re new ab le e nerg y w ill g uara nte e a b ound le ss s u p ply o f e nerg y f o r th e f u tu re
genera ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould a rg ue th at g o vern m ents s h o uld p la ce a c o nsid era b le
im porta nce o n d ev elo pin g a nd u sin g a lte rn ati v e s o urc es o f e nerg y f o r th e r e aso ns
menti o ned a b ove.
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SA M PL E 4 0
Som e p eople s a y t h at h ealt h c a re a nd e duca tio n s h ould b e t h e r e sp onsib ilit y
of t h e g overn m ent b ut o th ers t h in k t h at it is t h e r e sp onsib ilit y o f t h e
in div id uals t h em se lv es.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple b elie v e th at p aym ent o f tw o a sp ects : h ealth c are a nd e d ucati o n
sh o uld b e a ffo rd ed b y g o vern m ent, w here as th e o pponents o f th is i d ea c la im th at
th e r e sp onsib iliti e s to p ay f o r th ese a sp ects s h o uld b elo ng to th e i n d iv id uals .
While th ere a re r a ti o nal r e aso ns f o r i n d iv id uals to b e r e sp onsib le f o r th eir o w n
health y a nd e d ucati o nal p aym ent, I w ould a rg ue th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p la y
th e m ain r o le i n a ffo rd in g f o r th ese d em and s o f th eir c iti z e ns.
On th e o ne h and , s o m e p eo ple s u p port th e i d ea o f i n d iv id uals p ayin g f o r h ealth
care a nd e d ucati o n b ecause th ese a re p ers o nal m atte rs . I t i s b elie v ed th at i f p eo ple
hav e to p ay th eir m ed ic al b ills a nd s c ho olin g f e es b y th em se lv es, th ey w ill h av e
more m oti v ati o n to b e m ore c are fu l i n m ain ta in in g th eir h ealth a s w ell a s s tu d yin g
more s e rio usly . I n a d diti o n, i t m ay b e u nfa ir w hen a p art o f c iti z e ns w ho w ork
hard er a nd p ay m ore ta x n o t o nly p ay f o r th eir h ealth care a nd e d ucati o nal d em and s
but a ls o p ay f o r th e o nes w ho a re j o ble ss o r i n d ole nt.
On th e o th er h and , m any p eo ple c la im th at i t’ s g o vern m ent w ho m ust b e i n c harg e
of p ayin g f o r th eir c iti z e ns’ h ealth c are a nd e d ucati o n. T his i s b ase d o n th e f a ct
th at p eo ple a ll h av e to p ay m any k in d s o f ta x s u ch a s i n co m e ta x, p ro perty ta x, a nd
valu e-a d ded ta x s o th e f u nd s s h o uld b enefit th em a s w ell. F urth erm ore , s p end in g
bud get o n i m pro vin g h ealth c are a nd e d ucati o n’s q uality i s a n e ffe cti v e w ay to
enhance th e g o vern m ent’ s i n te rn ati o nal r e p uta ti o n. M ore o ver, l e anin g o n
go vern m ent’ s b ud get i s a n o pportu nity f o r th e p oor to a p pro ach to a ccep ta b le
co nd iti o ns to d ev elo p th em se lv es s o th at th ey c an e sc ap e f r o m p overty a nd
diffic ulti e s.
In s u m mary , a lth o ugh i t i s r e aso nab le th at m ed ic al a nd e d ucati o nal f e es s h o uld b e
paid b y i n d iv id uals , I w ould a rg ue th at i t i s g o vern m ent’ s ta sk to p ro vid e th eir
citi z e ns w ith f r e e b asic n eed s i n e d ucati o n a nd h ealth care .
310 w ord s
237

SA M PL E 4 1
In t h e p ast, s h oppin g w as a r o utin e d om estic t a sk . M any p eople n ow adays
re gard it a s a h obby.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e t r e nd?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
It i s e v id ent th at s h o ppin g n o w ad ays i s c o nsid ere d to b e a h o bby r a th er th an a
re sp onsib ility a s i t w as i n th e p ast. W hile I a ccep t th at th is m ay s u it m any p eo ple ,
I b elie v e th at s h o ppin g s h o uld b e a r e q uir e d w eekly ta sk th at w ill r e ta in o ur l iv es.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy s h o ppin g i s c o nsid ere d to b e a
ho bby r a th er th an d aily w ork . F ir s tl y , s h o ppin g h elp s p eo ple r e w in d a fte r a l o ng
week o f d ilig ent s tu d yin g a nd w ork in g. A ppare ntl y , w hile g o in g s h o ppin g, p eo ple
are l ik ely to e xp erie nce a l iv ely a tm osp here o f th e c ro w d r a th er th an a n i n te nsiv e
lo nely a tm osp here i n th e r o om a nd b ein g u nd er th e p re ssu re o f a n e xcessiv e
num ber a ssig nm ents . S eco nd ly , g o in g s h o ppin g i s c o nsid ere d to b e a p asti m e
acti v ity a s p eo ple c an p ay a v is it to v ario us s h o ps th at a re i n te re sti n g to th em . F or
exam ple , i n te rm s o f f a sh io n, w om en a nd g ir l te enagers c o m monly s p end h o urs a t
se v era l b outi q ues i n th e d ep artm ent s to re s. M eanw hile , b oys a re m ore l ik ely to
ente r g am in g a nd te chno lo gy s h o ps i n o rd er to tr y u p -to -d ate p ro ducts .
On th e o th er h and , i t i s e v id ent to r e gard s h o ppin g a s a r o uti n e d om esti c ta sk
base d o n tw o p rim ary r e aso ns. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at g o in g s h o ppin g w eekly w ill
help s u p ply f o od s o urc es a nd n ecessa ry e q uip m ent. W hile g o in g to th e
su p erm ark et, i t i s e co no m ic al to s p end m oney o n g ro cery p ro ducts th at a re n eed ed
su ch a s f o od i te m s a nd h o use ho ld a p plia nces a s c usto m ers h av e to k eep
th em se lv es s u sta in ab le i n th e n ext f e w d ays. A no th er r e aso n i s th at s e ein g
sh o ppin g a s a h o bby a nd b uyin g/p urc hasin g u nnecessa ry i te m s m ig ht l e ad to th e
sh o rta ge i n th e h o use ho ld b ud get, w hic h i s s u p pose d to b e s p ent o n o th er e sse nti a l
co m moditi e s. F or e xam ple , i f c usto m ers s p end l o ts o f ti m e a nd m oney i n th e
su p erm ark et i n o rd er to b uy n ew f a sh io nab le c lo th es, th ey w ill s o on r u n o ut o f
money f o r f o od s u p ply a nd o th er e q uip m ent. T here fo re , i t i s i m porta nt to ta ke
sh o ppin g i n to c o nsid era ti o n a s w ell a s r e gard in g th is a s a r o uti n e ta sk r a th er th an
mere ly a l e is u re a cti v ity .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c o m mon s e nse th at p eo ple c an v ie w s h o ppin g a s a n a cti v ity
238

th at i s a b le to c ate r f o r b oth th eir r e la xati o n a nd th eir l e is u re p urs u it.
Nev erth ele ss, i t i s m ore r e aso nab le to ta ke s h o ppin g i n to a cco unt a nd b uy
necessa ry p ro ducts th at w ill s u sta in o ur d aily l iv es.
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239

SA M PL E 4 2
In d evelo pin g c o untr ie s, c h ild re n in r u ra l c o m munit ie s h ave le ss a cce ss t o
educa tio n. S om e p eople b elie ve t h at t h e p ro ble m c a n b e s o lv ed b y p ro vid in g
more s c h ools a nd t e ach ers, w hile o th ers t h in k t h at t h e p ro ble m c a n b e s o lv ed
by p ro vid in g c o m pute rs a nd I n te rn et a cce ss. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our
ow n o pin io n.

There i s n o d enyin g th at c hild re n w ho l iv e i n r e m ote a re as o f d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s
hav e l im ite d a ccess to e d ucati o n. W hile s o m e p eo ple s u ggest th at th e o bsta cle c an
be r e so lv ed b y p ro vid in g c o m pute rs a nd i n te rn et a ccess, I d o p ers o nally b elie v e
th at s u p ple m enti n g s c ho ols a nd te achers i s th e b est s o lu ti o n to d eal w ith i t.
On th e o ne h and , p ro vid in g c o m pute rs a nd i n te rn et a ccess i s b ro ught g re at c hances
fo r c hild re n i n th e r u ra l a re a to a ccess e d ucati o n. T hese i n str u m ents h av e
fa cilita te d s tu d ents to c o nnect w ith th e w orld a nd th ere fo re b ro ad en th eir h o riz o ns.
In a d diti o n, w ith th e a ssis ta nce o f th e i n te rn et, th ey c an p arti c ip ate i n o nlin e
cla sse s r e gard le ss o f th eir g eo gra p hic l o cati o ns. T hese c o urs e s a ct a s v ir tu al
le sso ns to p ro vid e th em w ith k no w le d ge o f v ario us s u b je cts . M ore o ver, w henev er
th ey e nco unte r d iffic ulti e s i n s e arc hin g i n fo rm ati o n, th e i n te rn et w ould b e a u se fu l
to ol to h elp th em .
On th e o th er h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at a cad em ic i n sti tu ti o ns a nd te achers p la y a n
extr e m ely i m porta nt r o le i n e d ucati o n. F ir s tl y , s tu d ents a re l ik ely to b e e nco ura ged
to p arti c ip ate i n s u ch p hysic al c la sse s w hic h w ere c o nd ucte d b y w ell- tr a in ed
mento rs . T hese e xp erie nced te achers i n str u ct l e sso ns f a ce to f a ce a nd th ere fo re
child re n c an a b so rb k no w le d ge c o m pre hensiv ely . S eco nd ly , s c ho ols w hic h h av e
been e q uip ped w ith s u ffic ie nt f a ciliti e s w ill f a cilita te k id s to u nd ers ta nd th e
le sso ns p erfe ctl y . F or i n sta nce, s c ie nce th at i s a n a b str a ct s u b je ct f o r m ost p up ils
can b e u nd ers ta nd ab le b y e xp erim ent p erio ds i n th e s c ho ol l a b ora to ry . L astl y , b y
atte nd in g a cad em ic c la sse s, s tu d ents c an i n te ra ct w ith tu to rs w ho d ir e ctl y e xp la in
th em d iffic ult p oin ts i n th e l e sso ns. M ore o ver, th o se c la sse s s ti m ula te c hild re n to
fu lfill th eir h o m e a ssig nm ents a nd l e ad th em to c o m pre hend th e s u b je cts f u lly .
Hav in g ta ken th e i s su e i n to c o nsid era ti o n, I o nce a gain a ffir m th at p ro vid in g
co m pute rs a nd i n te rn et c an b enefit s c ho ol c hild re n i n r u ra l a re as. H ow ev er,
su p ply in g a cad em ic c la sse s a nd te achers i s a c ru cia l s o lu ti o n to h elp th em a ccess
to e d ucati o n.
306 w ord s
240

SA M PL E 4 3
Many p eople s a y t h at w e h ave d evelo ped in to a “ th ro w -a w ay” c u lt u re
beca use w e a re f illin g u p o ur e nvir o nm ent w it h s o m any p la stic b ags a nd
ru bbis h t h at w e c a nnot f u lly d is p ose o f. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e w it h t h is
opin io n a nd w hat m easu re s c a n y ou r e co m mend r e ducin g t h is p ro ble m ?
It i s b elie v ed th at m any p eo ple h av e th e h ab it o f d is p osin g p la sti c b ags a nd
ru b bis h w ith o ut c o nsid erin g e nv ir o nm enta l i s su es i t m ay c ause /r e su lt i n /le ad to . I n
my o pin io n, I d o to ta lly a gre e w ith th is i d ea a nd i n te nd to p ro pose s o m e p ossib le
so lu ti o ns to d eal w ith th e p ro ble m .
There a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns w hy th e e nv ir o nm ent h as b eco m e i n cre asin gly
pollu te d /c o nta m in ate d w ith a n e xcessiv e a m ount o f w aste . F ir s t o f a ll, a s th e
exp lo sio n o f p opula ti o n, n eed s f o r d aily l ife h av e d em and ed a h uge a m ount o f
go ods, th ere fo re th e e no rm ous q uanti ty o f g arb age h as e m erg ed s u b se q uentl y .
Furth erm ore , p eo ple te nd to s e nd “ unw ante d ” th in gs to s e co nd -h and s h o ps o r j u st
sim ply th ro w th em i n to tr a sh c ans w henev er th ey p urc hase n ew p ro ducts . T his
la rg ely c o ntr ib ute s a s ig nific ant v olu m e o f r u b bis h to th e e nv ir o nm ent. L ast b ut n o t
le ast, f o od p ro cessin g c o m panie s h av e d elib era te ly p ackaged g o ods b y s in gle -
use -o nly c o nta in ers w hic h c o uld n o t b e r e cycle d ; a cco rd in gly , th ese b ags h av e
re m ain ed i n ta ct i n p ile s o f w aste .
How ev er, I c o nte nd s u ch p ro ble m s c an b e s o lv ed b y th e e ffo rt o f b oth i n d iv id uals
and th e g o vern m ent. T he p rim ary m easu re w ould b e m ain ta in in g p eo ple ’s h ab it o f
se gre gati n g o rg anic w aste m ate ria l a nd u n-b io degra d ab le o nes. S im ulta neo usly ,
manufa ctu re rs tr y to r e cycle r e usa b le m ate ria ls s u ch a s g la ss, w aste m eta l, p la sti c
and s o f o rth to u ti liz e th em i n o th er i n d ustr ie s. S uch p ro ced ure s a re l ik ely to
re d uce th e w aste l o ad to th e e nv ir o nm ent s ig nific antl y . T he o th er ta cti c s w ould b e
go vern m ent’ s i m ple m enta ti o n p la ns to e nco ura ge p eo ple i n p ro te cti n g th e
env ir o nm ent b y c o nsid erin g th e w ay to r e use a nd r e p air th eir o ld i te m s i n ste ad o f
th ro w in g th em a w ay a nd p urc hasin g n ew o nes.
Hav in g ta ken th e i s su e i n to a cco unt, I o nce a gain a ffir m th at w e h av e b een
pro ducin g w aste m ate ria ls m ore th an e v er b efo re . H ow ev er, th e p ro pose d
in te gra te d s o lu ti o ns c o uld b e o ffe re d to ta ckle th e p ro ble m .
292 w ord s
241

SA M PL E 4 4
In s o m e c o untr ie s, t h e g overn m ents e nco ura ge in dustr ie s a nd b usin esse s t o
move o ut f r o m la rg e c it ie s t o r e gio nal a re as. D o y ou t h in k t h at t h e
advanta ges o utw eig h d is a dvanta ges?
Decentr a liz a ti o n o f i n d ustr ie s a nd b usin esse s o ut o f c ity c ente rs h as b een
enco ura ged b y th e g o vern m ent i n s o m e c o untr ie s. D esp ite r a is in g c o ncern o n l o w
dev elo pm ent i n i n fr a str u ctu re i n s u b urb an a re as, th e b enefits o f u ti liz in g l o w l a nd
co st a nd r e d ucin g a ir p ollu ti o n f a r o utw eig h a ny d ra w backs.
Main c o ncern s o f r e lo cati o n to s u b urb an a re th e l o w d ev elo pm ent i n i n fr a str u ctu re
and th e i n cre ase i n tr a nsp orta ti o n a nd c o m munic ati o n c o st. F ir s tl y , i n fr a str u ctu re
su ch a s s e w age, w ate r, a nd e le ctr ic ity s y ste m i s n o t a s d ev elo ped o r s ta b le a s
th o se i n th e c ity c ente r, c re ati n g r e gula r p ow er c ut- o ff, c o m munic ati o n b re akd ow n,
whic h w ould , i n tu rn , i n cre ase th e p ro ducti o n c o st. S eco nd ly , i f o th er s u p plie rs
and b usin ess-re la te d p artn ers a re s ti ll l o cate d i n th e c ity c ente r, th e tr a nsp orta ti o n
co st o ught to b e i n cre ase d d ue to th e l o ng d is ta nce o f tr a v el a nd l im ita ti o n o n
hig hw ays a nd r o ad s. F or i n sta nce, a r e p ort c o nd ucte d b y B eijin g g o vern m ent i n
2010 s h o w s th at l o w d ev elo pm ent i n i n fr a str u ctu re f o r m anufa ctu rin g h ad
in cre ase d th e c o st o f p ro ducti o n b y 2 0% . K no w in g th e i m pact o f th ese p ro ble m s,
th e g o vern m ent o ught to g iv e ta x r e d em pti o n a nd m ajo r s u b sid ie s to e nco ura ge th e
re lo cati o n.
The p rim ary b enefit o f r e lo cati o n i s ta kin g th e p re ssu re o ff h ig h p ollu ti o n ( le v el)
fr o m th e c ity c ente r. I n o th er w ord s, th e p re se nce o f f a cto rie s i n th e c ity c ente r
co ntr ib ute s s ig nific antl y to th e a ir p ollu ti o n th ro ugh i t c arb on d io xid e a nd w aste
em is sio n, th re ate nin g th e h ealth o f c iti z e ns. I n 2 005, G enera l H ealth I n sti tu ti o n i n
Beijin g c o nd ucte d a s tu d y a nd i t r e v eals th at m ore th an 3 00,0 00 o f p eo ple d ie
each y ear f r o m a ir p ollu ti o n a lo ne. I t c o m es f r o m th e f a ct th at m any m ass-
pro duced f a cto rie s o f c ellp ho nes a nd e le ctr o nic s h ad i n cre ase d th e n um ber o f
meta ls i n th e e nv ir o nm ent, c ausin g to xic to l iv in g i n s o il, a nim als , a nd h um ans.
Carb on d io xid e, p arti c le s, a nd h eav ie r m eta ls a re r e le ase d i n to th e e nv ir o nm ent
and th ey a re v ery d etr im enta l to th e h ealth o f c iti z e ns. T here fo re , th e r e lo cati o n
ought to b e c arrie d o ut i n o rd er to a lle v ia te th ese p ro ble m s.
In c o nclu sio n, I a m o f th e o pin io n th at th e b enefits o f r e lo cati n g i n d ustr ia l
co m panie s i n r e d ucin g a ir p ollu ti o n o utw eig h i ts d is a d vanta ges.
328 w ord s
242

SA M PL E 4 5
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at t o p ro te ct lo ca l c u lt u re , t o uris m s h ould b e b anned in
so m e a re as w here as o th ers t h in k t h at t h e c h ange is in evit a ble a nd b annin g
to uris m w ill h ave n o b enefit .
Dis c u ss b oth s id es a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n
.
Som e w ould a rg ue th at to uris m i s th re ate nin g th e s u rv iv al o f l o cal c ultu re , s o i t
sh o uld b e r e str ic te d i n s o m e p la ces, w hile o th ers b elie v e w e s h o uld n o t b la m e
to uris m f o r th e c hanges th at a lw ays h ap pen i n ev ita b ly . W hile b annin g to uris m i s a
quic k a nd e asy s o lu ti o n to p ro te ct l o cal c ultu re , I b elie v e th at p ro perly m anagin g
and c o ntr o llin g to uris m i n d ustr y w ould h elp to p ro m ote a nd e nric h th e l o cal
cultu re .
On th e o ne h and , to uris m b rin gs a b out n egati v e e nv ir o nm enta l a nd s o cia l i m pacts
on th e h o st c o m munity . F ir s tl y , f o re ig ners ’ b ehav io rs c an h av e d etr im enta l e ffe cts
on th e c ultu ra l v alu es o f l o cals . F or e xam ple , a cti v iti e s w hic h a re r e la te d to d ru g
ad dic ti o n, a lc o ho l p ro ble m , p ro sti tu ti o n, a nd c rim e o fte n o ccur i n th e h o st
co m munity w hen i n te ra cti n g w ith to uris ts , i n fr in gin g a nd e ra sin g c ultu ra l v alu es o f
th e l o cal c o m munity . S eco nd ly , to uris m p ose s h ig h th re ats to c ultu ra l r e so urc es
when m ass c o nstr u cti o n o f h o te ls a nd r e so rts i s c arrie d o n n earb y th e te m ple s,
his to ric al o r h erita ge s ite s, d estr o yin g l o cal h ab ita ts . H ow ev er, I b elie v e th ese
pro ble m s c an b e s o lv ed i f th e g o vern m ent i m pose s p ro per l a w s a nd c o ntr o l o n
to uris m .
On th e o th er h and , s o m e p eo ple a re a gain st th e i d ea o f b la m in g to uris m a lo ne f o r
th e d etr im enta l f a cto r to l o cal c ultu re . T heir v ie w i s th at th e w ay o f l ife i s a lw ays
changin g r e gard le ss o f th e p re se nce o f to uris ts . P eo ple a lw ays u rg e to l e arn n ew
th in gs, to s h are a nd to i n te gra te to th e r e st o f th e w orld . I f th ey a re o bse sse d w ith
th e n ew w orld a nd h ig hly d is re gard th eir l o cal c ultu re , th ey w ill, w ith o ut a ny
doub t, l o se th eir i d enti ty a nd th eir o w n c ultu re d urin g th e i n te ra cti o n o f th e w orld .
I b elie v e to uris m m ay h elp i n th is s itu ati o n b y p ro m oti n g a nd e nric hin g l o cal
cultu re . T ouris m e nco ura ges th e p re se rv ati o n o f tr a d iti o nal c usto m s, f e sti v als th at
mig ht o th erw is e h av e b een f o rg o tte n. W hile i n te ra cti n g w ith to uris ts , l o cals a re
more a w are o f th eir r ic h c ultu re s a nd c re ate a b ette r u nd ers ta nd in g o f th eir o rig in
and i d enti ty .
To c o nclu d e, a llo w in g to uris m to p ro m ote l o cal c ultu re i s p re fe rre d a s i t h elp s to
pre se rv e c ultu ra l v alu es o f th e h o st c o m munity . H ow ev er/n ev erth ele ss, to uris m
243

sh o uld b e c o ntr o lle d s o th at i t w ill n o t i m pose th re ats to th e l o cal c ultu re .
329 w ord s
244

SA M PL E 4 6
Happin ess is c o nsid ere d v ery im porta nt in lif e . W hy is it d if fic u lt t o d efin e?
What f a cto rs a re im porta nt in a ch ie vin g h appin ess?
It i s tr u e th at h ap pin ess p la ys a n i m porta nt r o le i n o ur l iv es a nd i t i s d iffe re nt f r o m
one to a no th er. I n m y o pin io n, th ere i s a w id e r a nge o f r e aso ns a b out th is c o m ple x
defin iti o n a nd th ere i s a p le nty o f e le m ents to h elp h um ans o bta in h ap pin ess.
The m ost e ffe cti v e l in e o f r e aso nin g a b out th is d efin iti o n i s th at h ap pin ess i s a n
ab str a ct c o ncep t. T here fo re , e ach p ers o n h as h is o w n d iffe re nt h ap pin ess i n e ach
perio d o f l ife . S in ce p eo ple l iv e i n d iffe re nt s itu ati o ns, th ey a re a ffe cte d b y
diffe re nt f a cto rs , n am ely l iv in g e nv ir o nm ent, f a m ily , f r ie nd , r e la ti o nsh ip a nd e v en
kno w le d ge, s o e ach o f u s h as a d iffe re nt a w are ness o f w hat h ap pin ess i s . F or
exam ple , w ith p ati e nts , th eir h ap pin ess m eans th at th ey c an s o on r e co ver f r o m th e
dis e ase s, c o m e b ack to th eir h o m es w ith h ealth y b odie s. W ith s tu d ents , th eir
hap pin ess c o uld b e s c ho la rs h ip , a s th ey w ant to r e ceiv e th e a w ard s o f s c ho ol i n
ord er f o r th eir f a m ilie s to b e p ro ud o f th em , a nd th eir f r ie nd s w ill a d m ir e th eir
achie v em ents .
At th e s a m e ti m e, th ere i s a v arie ty o f f a cto rs to g et h ap pin ess. F ir s tl y , i t i s
pers e v era nce. T hat m eans p eo ple n eed to k eep th eir b elie fs i n o rd er to g o to th e
end o f th e r o ad . A s i n o rd er to o bta in th e a chie v em ent, p eo ple m ust s u ffe r l o ts o f
challe nges s o w hen o verc o m in g th e d iffic ulti e s, th ey u nd ers ta nd th e v alu e o f
hap pin ess. S eco nd ly , p eo ple n eed to l e arn h o w to g iv e d efe re nce to o th ers ,
esp ecia lly i n th e f a m ily r e la ti o nsh ip . F or e xam ple , h usb and a nd w ife s h o uld k no w
ho w to l is te n a nd s h are th e d iffic ult p ro ble m s a t w ork ; h ence, w hen th ey r e le ase
th e s tr e ss, th ey w ill f e el c o m fo rta b le a nd h ap py.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at h ap pin ess i s a n i n d is p ensa b le e le m ent i n
hum ans’ l iv es. T here fo re , i n o rd er to g et h ap pin ess, p eo ple n eed to b eco m e
opti m is ti c i n a ll s itu ati o n.
297 w ord s
245

SA M PL E 4 7
Few er a nd f e w er p eople w alk o n a d aily b asis . W hat a re t h e r e aso ns a nd h ow
to e nco ura ge t h em t o s p end t h eir t im e w alk in g?
Now ad ays, i t i s a rg ued b y s o m e p eo ple th at th ere a re d ecre asin gly e ffe cti v e
moti v ati o ns f o r p eo ple to f o rm a h ab it o f w alk in g r e gula rly . T here a re v ario us
co ntr ib uti n g f a cto rs m akin g th is k in d /s o rt/ ty p e o f e xerc is e l e ss p re v ale nt,
ho w ev er, e sse nti a l m easu re s c an b e i m ple m ente d to h av e a s ti m ula ti n g e ffe ct o n
th e r e lu cta nce o f th e p ub lic to w alk .
There a re a n um ber o f c o m pellin g r e aso ns w hy p eo ple f a il to f o llo w a te nd ency o f
walk in g o n a r e gula r b asis . W hen ta kin g u p w alk in g, p eo ple h av e to f a ce u p to a
challe nge i n te rm s o f ti m e l e ngth , w hic h a cts a s a d ete rre nt, e sp ecia lly w hen th ey
are i n a h urry . F or i n sta nce, a s a p art o f th e c o nte m pora ry w orld , m any p are nts
hav e b eco m e o ver-re lia nt o n c ars to p ic k u p th eir c hild re n a t s c ho ols i n ste ad o f
walk in g. F urth erm ore , th is s itu ati o n i s m ostl y a ttr ib uta b le to th e l a zin ess o f th o se
who a re o ut o f c o nd iti o n a nd h av e a s e d enta ry l ife sty le . I n fr a str u ctu re s s u ch a s
lifts a nd e sc ala to rs i n b uild in g o r s h o ppin g o ffic es, f o r e xam ple , a re u b iq uito us
and th us p eo ple i n cre ase th e d ep end ence o n s u ch te chno lo gie s, r a th er th an w alk in g
to k eep i n s h ap e.
Nev erth ele ss, i n cre asin g th e p opula rity o f w alk in g o n a d aily b asis i s th e
re sp onsib ility o f b oth n ati o nal a nd l o cal a uth o riti e s. F ir s tl y , th e a p pro pria te
so lu ti o n th at s h o uld b e a f o cus o n th e a gend a o f i n te rn ati o nal b odie s w ould b e to
im pose r e str ic ti o ns o n th e u se o f e sc ala to rs , i n p arti c ula r, i n th e l o w -ris e
build in gs. A s a r e su lt, th e u se o f s ta ir s s h o uld b e o blig ato ry , w ith l ift o nly f o r
dis a b le d p eo ple . S eco nd ly , i m pro vin g a nd i n tr o ducin g th e c o nstr u cti o n o f
in fr a str u ctu re s s u ch a s p av em ents a nd p ed estr ia n a re as m ust b e th e a lte rn ati v e
go vern m ent p rio rity . I n d eed , m ore w alk w ays a nd tr e es c o uld p ro vid e r e lie f f r o m
ra in a nd s u n s o a s to g ain a n i m pro ved q uality o f l ife .
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh m any p eo ple d ow np la y th e i m porta nce o f w alk in g, w ith
pla nnin g a nd i n iti a ti v es i t w ould b e i m possib le to u nd ere sti m ate th is f o rm o f
exerc is e .
311 w ord s
246

SA M PL E 4 8
Leaders a nd d ir e cto rs in a n o rg aniz atio n a re n orm ally o ld er p eople . S om e
people t h in k y ounger le aders w ould b e b ette r. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out w heth er y o ung p eo ple o r th e e ld erly i s m ore
su ita b le f o r th e i m porta nt p ositi o n i n o rg aniz a ti o ns. W hile I a gre e th at th e e ld erly
hav e a ccum ula te d s ig nific antl y v ita l q ualiti e s, I w ould a gre e th at y o ungste rs a re
more l ik ely to b eco m e b ette r l e ad ers .
On th e o ne h and , th e e ld erly c an b e a g o od l e ad er f o r s o m e r e aso ns. F ir s tl y ,
because th e e ld er p eo ple h av e w ork ed f o r m any y ears , th ey h av e g ath ere d m ore
exp erie nce th an y o ung w ork ers . T his a llo w s th em to m ake a w is e r d ecis io n a nd
brin g s u ccess f o r th e c o m pany w here th ey w ork . S eco nd ly , th e o ld p eo ple u su ally
be m ore r e sp ecte d b y o th er p eo ple . T here fo re , th ey c an h av e a m ore p ow erfu l
voic e i n th e c o m pany, a nd th e o th ers a re m ore l ik ely to l is te n to th em .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at i t i s b ette r f o r y o ung i n d iv id uals to ta ke u p c ru cia l
positi o n. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at y o ung p eo ple a re p hysic ally s tr o nger, s o th ey c an
hand le b ig r e sp onsib iliti e s a nd i n v olv e m any w ork s. B eco m in g a l e ad er r e q uir e s
ev ery o ne w ork w ith m uch p re ssu re , a nd th e e ld erly a re l e ss l ik ely to d o i t.
Furth erm ore , y o ungste rs a re m ore c re ati v e, th ey a re m ore l ik e to f in d th e n ew er
and b ette r i m pro vem ent th at b enefits th e e nti r e o rg aniz a ti o n. F or e xam ple , a y o ung
manager c an c o m e u p w ith a n a d verti s in g s tr a te gy f o r a p ro duct l in e, a nd th is
co ntr ib ute s to i n cre asin g th e s a le o f a c o m pany.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I a gre e th at th e e ld er p eo ple c an b e a g o od l e ad er o f a n
org aniz a ti o n, I w ould b elie v e th at v ita l p ositi o ns s h o uld b e g iv en to y o ungste rs .
255 w ord s
247

SA M PL E 4 9
People t r y n ew d angero us s p orts s u ch a s s k y-d iv in g o r r o ck c lim bin g. S hould
su ch s p orts b e b anned?
When i t c o m es to p la yin g s p orts , m any p eo ple o pt f o r/ p eo ple c ho ose to p la y
extr e m e s p orts s u ch a s s k y-d iv in g o r r o ck c lim bin g. A s th ese a cti v iti e s c o nta in
gre at r is k s, th ere i s a r a is in g q uesti o n o f w heth er th ey s h o uld b e p ro hib ite d . I n m y
opin io n, e xtr e m e s p orts a th le te s s h o uld b e a b le to d ecid e f o r th em se lv es w ith o ut
th e i n te rfe re nce o f a uth o rita ti v e f ig ure s.
Peo ple a re d ra w n to ta kin g u p d angero us s p orts b ase d o n tw o m ain r e aso ns. O ne
of th em i s th e f e elin g o f o verc o m in g th eir f e ar a nd th e p le asu re s th at e xtr e m e
sp orts b rin g. F or e xam ple , i f o ne i s a fr a id o f h eig ht, s k y-d iv in g c o uld b e a g re at
opportu nity f o r o ne to c halle nge o nese lf a nd c o nq uer h is f e ar, w hile e njo yin g th e
pic tu re sq ue l a nd sc ap e f r o m a b ove. A dditi o nally , th ere a re c erta in p eo ple w ho
parti c ip ate i n r is k y s p orts , s o a s to f e el th e a d re nalin e r u sh in g i n th eir b odie s,
esta b lis h in g a s e nse o f s e lf- fu lfillm ent. F urth erm ore , th ese s p orts h av e b eco m e
in cre asin gly p opula r, a s th ey a re n o t o nly p hysic ally d em and in g a nd b ound to p ut
peo ple i n g o od s h ap e, b ut a ls o e nab le p eo ple to a p pro ach a v ig o ro us l ife sty le i n a
more e xciti n g m anner. T ho se w ho a im to g et f it w ith o ut th e d re ad o f w ork in g o ut
so le ly i n a b orin g g ym c ho ose e xtr e m e s p orts to e nhance th eir tr a in in g e xp erie nce.
For i n sta nce, r o ck c lim bin g a llo w s o ne to s tr e ngth en h is u p per-b ody s tr e ngth a nd
enjo y th e b eauty o f n atu re a t th e s a m e ti m e, h itti n g tw o b ir d s w ith o ne s to ne.
On th e o th er h and , s u ch s p orts h o ld m any r is k s f o r th o se w ho ta ke th em u p , r a is in g
co ncern f r o m s o cie ty . T hese a th le te s c o uld i n ju re th em se lv es b ecause o f n o t
str ic tl y f o llo w in g th e r u le s o f th e s p ort o r m ere ly b y a ccid ent. R egard le ss o f th e
re aso ns, I r e cko n th ey a re f u lly a w are o f th e p ossib iliti e s o f h urti n g th em se lv es
befo re d ecid in g to p ra cti c e e xtr e m e s p orts a nd s h o uld b e r e sp onsib le f o r th eir
ow n c ho ic e.
On th e w ho le , I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at p re v enti n g p eo ple f r o m e njo yin g th e b enefits
of d angero us s p orts d ue to th e r is k s o f g etti n g i n ju re d i s u nju sti fia b le . P eo ple
ought to b e f r e e to c ho ose w heth er th ey s h o uld g et i n v olv ed i n e xtr e m e s p orts .
339 w ord s
248

SA M PL E 5 0
The o nly w ay t o im pro ve t h e s a fe ty o n y our o w n r o ad is t o h ave s tr ic te r
punis h m ent f o r d riv in g o ffe nders. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s a rg ued th at s tr ic te r p unis h m ent f o r l o sin g c o ntr o l o n r o ad i s th e o nly m eth o d to
keep s a fe . W hile I a ccep t th at th is m ay s u it s o m e s itu ati o ns, I b elie v e th at
ed ucati o n h as l o ng-te rm e ffe ct/ e ffe cts o n a l o ng p erio d.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s tr u e th at h av in g a s tr ic te r p unis h m ent a nd i n cre asin g th e
penalti e s f o r i r re sp onsib le d riv ers w ould r e d uce tr a ffic a ccid ents a nd i m pro ve
ro ad s a fe ty . O ne r e aso n i s th at a r u le p la ys a n i m porta nt p art i n g uara nte ein g to
dete r d riv ers f r o m u nla w fu l b ehav io ur. B ein g o ffe re d a s e nte nce a llo w s th em to
fo cus o n o w ned l in e, r e d uce d angero us s itu ati o ns a nd a v oid c ausin g a tr a ffic j a m .
Furth erm ore , b ein g d ep riv ed d riv er’s l ic ense i s o ne o f th e w ors t th in gs f o r
in hab ita nts , b ecause p riv ate v ehic le s a re to p-p rio rity to k eep th eir w ork s o n ti m e.
If th is th in g h ap pens, i t w ill c ut d ow n th e l e v el o f j o b p erfo rm ance.
On th e o th er h and , e d ucati o n h as m ore p arti c ula r b enefits to b uild a s a fe
env ir o nm ent o n r o ad . F ir s tl y , th ro ugh te achin g, v alu ab le l e sso ns c o ntr ib ute to a
bette r s o cia l a w are ness w hen p eo ple m ove o n th e s tr e et. I t s h o w s th at te rrib le
co nse q uences h av e n egati v e e ffe cts o n th e l ife . F or e xam ple , g etti n g a d ru nk
befo re d riv in g c ars , f a st s p eed w ill l e ad to i n ju rie s f o r p ed estr ia ns. S eco nd ly ,
wro ng a tti tu d e a nd r o uti n e d riv in g o n r o ad a re h ard to c hange a lth o ugh th e
go vern m ent p ro pose s s o m e s tr ic te r p unis h m ents , s o s c ho ols o ught to p ro vid e
ed ucati o n a b out tr a ffic f o r a ll p eo ple . F urth erm ore , r ic h n ati o ns s h o uld a ls o c re ate
a r e al a ccid ent m odels to a ttr a ct p eo ple ’s a tte nti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s tr u e th at l a w c an b e i m porta nt to r e d uce c are le ss d riv ers ; I
belie v e th at e d ucati o n i s th e m ain k ey to s o lv e th is p ro ble m .
271 w ord s
249

SA M PL E 5 1
It is g enera lly b elie ved t h at s o m e p eople a re b orn w it h c e rta in t a le nts , f o r
in sta nce f o r s p ort o r m usic , a nd o th ers a re n ot. H ow ever, it is s o m etim es
cla im ed t h at a ny c h ild c a n b e t a ught t o b eco m e a g ood s p orts p erso n o r
music ia n.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Now ad ays, th ere a re m any d is p ute s a b out a b iliti e s o f p eo ple . S om e p eo ple th in k
th at c hild re n h av e c erta in c ap aciti e s w hen th ey a re b orn w hile o th ers s a y a c hild
can b e g o od a t s o m eth in g i f th ey a re ta ught. P ers o nally , I b elie v e th at w heth er
peo ple a lr e ad y h av e ta le nts o r n o t, h ard p ra cti c in g c an m ake th em p ro fe ssio nal.
It i s u nq uesti o nab le th at s o m e p eo ple a re b orn w ith c erta in ta le nts , w hic h a re
ad vanta ges f o r th em to d ev elo p b ette r th an o th ers . I n f a ct, m usic al p ro dig ie s
natu ra lly h av e a b iliti e s to f e el m elo dy th at th ey c an s in g a s o ng e xactl y a fte r th e
fir s t ti m e l is te nin g. F or e xam ple , a s e v en-y ear-o ld k id c an p la y f lu entl y o ne
diffic ult p ie ce o f m usic w hile h e d oes n o t h av e a ny k no w le d ge a b out m usic
pre v io usly . M ore o ver, p eo ple h av in g ta le nts i n s p ort a re o fte n b orn w ith f a st
physic al r e sp onse , s u b sta nti a l b ody a nd e nd ura nce. F or i n sta nce, b ask etb all
ath le te s a re u su ally ta ll s o th at th ey c an p la y e asie r th an th e s h o rt o nes.
On th e o th er h and , c hild re n c an b e ta ught to b eco m e a g o od s p orts p ers o n o r
music ia n b ecause i t i s g enera lly b elie v ed th at p ra cti c e m akes p erfe ct. O bvio usly ,
no rm al p eo ple w ill b eco m e a g o od m usic ia n i f th ey l e arn a nd p ra cti c e h ard . F or
exam ple , a k id c an s in g b eauti fu lly w hen h e s in gs h und re d ti m es. I n a d diti o n,
child re n m ay a ls o b e g o od a t s p ort i f th ey r e ceiv e s u ffic ie nt k no w le d ge s u ch a s th e
sp ecia l te chniq ues a s w ell a s s k ills . T ake f o otb all, f o r e xam ple , l e arn in g h o w to
co ntr o l th e b all w ith c o nfid ence m ay h elp k id s to b e g o od p la yers .
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s l u cky f o r p eo ple w ho a re b orn w ith c erta in ta le nt a s th ey h av e
benefic ia l b asic to d ev elo p. H ow ev er, e ffo rt a nd p ra cti c e a re a ls o b rillia nt w ays
to b e p ro fe ssio ns.
276 w ord s
250

Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
Over 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 5 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
251

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
252

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1
SA M PL E 4 2
SA M PL E 4 3
SA M PL E 4 4
SA M PL E 4 5
SA M PL E 4 6
SA M PL E 4 7
253

SA M PL E 4 8

254

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 5 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
45 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
255

SA M PL E 1
In r e ce nt y ears, m ore a nd m ore p eople a re c h oosin g t o r e ad e -b ook s r a th er
th an p aper b ook s.
Do t h e a dvanta ges o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges o f t h is t r e nd?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
It i s tr u e th at n o w ad ays m any p eo ple p re fe r r e ad in g b ooks o nlin e to b uyin g
tr a d iti o nal o nes. W hile I a ccep t th at e -b ooks m ay h av e s o m e d ra w backs, I b elie v e
th at th ey a re m ore l ik ely to h av e p ositi v e i n flu ences.
On th e o ne h and , i t h as b een s c ie nti fic ally p ro ven th at th is ty p e o f r e ad in g
exp erie nce m ay b rin g a b out a n um ber o f h ealth c o ncern s. S ta rin g a t d ig ita l s c re ens
fo r a p ro lo nged p erio d o f ti m e w ould c erta in ly c ause e yestr a in s, h ead aches, a nd
blu rry v is io n a nd i ts l o ng-te rm e ffe cts c o uld b e e v en w ors e . F urth erm ore , b ooks
can b e e asily s h are d i n d ig ita l f o rm s c o m pare d to p ap er o nes. T his c o uld d ir e ctl y
affe ct th e r ig hts o f th e a uth o rs a nd p ub lis h ers , l e ad in g to d ecre ase i n th e s a le o f
books.
How ev er, I w ould a rg ue th at th ese d ra w backs a re o utw eig hed b y th eir b enefits .
Fir s tl y , r e ad in g a nd b uyin g b ooks o nlin e c an b e ti m e-s a v in g a nd c o nv enie nt. N ow ,
th ere i s n o n eed to w and er f r o m o ne s to re to a no th er i n s e arc h o f a b ook w hen w e
can s im ply f in d a nd p ay f o r th em th ro ugh v ir tu al b anks a nd e njo y r e ad in g
im med ia te ly . S eco nd ly , o nlin e b ooks o ffe r m uch l o w er p ric es c o m pare d to p ap er
books, m eanin g th at r e ad ers c an b uy b ooks th ey l o ve a nd s ti ll h av e m ore m oney
fo r o th er th in gs. D ig ita l b ooks a ls o h av e p ositi v e i m pacts o n th e e nv ir o nm ent. T he
more d ig ita l b ooks p eo ple r e ad , th e f e w er p ap er b ooks a re p ro duced , w hic h
means m any tr e es w ould b e s a v ed f r o m b ein g c ut d ow n.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at th e a d vanta ges o f e -b ooks a re m ore s ig nific ant
th an th e p ossib le d ra w backs.
249 w ord s
MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
It i s c o m monly b elie v ed th at ta kin g a j o b i n a n i n te rn ati o nal c o m pany i s th e m ost
effe cti v e w ay to l e arn n ati o n’s w ays o f l ife . W hile I a gre e w ith th is p ers p ecti v e,
256

my v ie w i s th at th ere a re n um ero us c ho ic es to c o m pre hend v ario us f o re ig n
life sty le s.
To b egin w ith , b ein g a n e m plo yee i n g lo bal c o rp ora ti o ns d oes h elp h im /h er
perc eiv e d is ti n cti v e c ultu re s. O ne c le ar r e aso n f o r th is i s th e i n te ra cti o n w ith
peo ple f r o m d iffe re nt b ackgro und s a s w ell a s l e arn in g h o w to b ehav e p ro perly
with o th ers . F or i n sta nce, n o t o nly d oes a m em ber h av e to k no w h o w to p erfo rm i n
an a p pro pria te m anner to w ard s th e o th ers f r o m d iv ers e o vers e as c o untr ie s, h e/s h e
als o g ets th e o pportu nity to e nco unte r v ario us l ife sty le s o w in g to r e gula r
co m munic ati o n a nd r e la ti o n w ith o th ers .
In s p ite o f th e a fo re m enti o ned p oin ts , th ere a re a ls o s e v era l g o od a p pro aches to
co m pre hend th e c ultu ra l b eauty o f o th er n ati o ns. F ir s t a nd f o re m ost, l iv in g w ith
lo cal p eo ple i s e sp ecia lly b enefic ia l w hen s o m eo ne w ants to l e arn a b out o th er
life sty le s. W hile th is m ay ta ke a l o t o f ti m e a nd c o stl y i n s o m e c ase s, p eo ple w ill
ev entu ally h av e a th o ro ugh u nd ers ta nd in g o f f o re ig n m ora l v alu es. S eco nd ly ,
Enro llin g i n s o cia l a cti v iti e s i s a ls o a p ossib le w ay f o r o ne to a tte m pt. F or
in sta nce, p arti c ip ati n g i n J a p anese h o lid ays w ill h elp f o re ig n p eo ple p erc eiv e
Ja p anese tr a d iti o n a s w ell a s c ultu ra l s ig nific ance. E ven th o ugh th ese a cti v iti e s d o
no t o ccur r e gula rly th ro ugho ut a y ear, p eo ple f r o m o vers e as c o untr ie s w ill h av e
id eal c hances to o bse rv e a nd u nd ers ta nd l o cal p eo ple ’s w ay o f l ife .
To c o nclu d e, i t i s c erta in ly tr u e th at th e a p pre hensio n o f th e f o re ig n w ays o f l ife
can b e o bta in ed b y w ork in g i n w orld w id e c o rp ora ti o ns, b ut th is i s b y n o m eans
th e o pti m al w ays to u nd ers ta nd o th er c ultu re s.
279 w ord s
257

SA M PL E 2
Now adays, m ore a nd m ore p eople d ecid e t o h ave c h ild re n la te r in t h eir lif e .
What a re t h e r e aso ns? D o t h e a dvanta ges o f t h is o utw eig h t h e
dis a dvanta ges?
In r e cent y ears , th e d ecis io n o f y o ung p are nts to s ta rt a f a m ily l a te r i n l ife h as b een
beco m in g i n cre asin gly p opula r. T here a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns b ehin d th is p oin t o f
vie w a nd th is te nd ency r e su lts i n s e v era l n egati v e i m pacts o n b oth f a m ily l ife a nd
so cie ty a s a w ho le .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re tw o m ain f a cto rs l e ad in g to th is tr e nd . F ir s t o f a ll,
ra th er th an e m bark in g th eir p are nth o od e arly , m ost o f th e y o ung p eo ple c o nsid er
build in g th eir o w n s u ccessfu l c are ers a s th eir to p p rio riti e s. T hey d o n o t n eed to
sp lit th eir l im ite d ti m e b etw een w ork in g a nd b rin gin g u p th eir o ffs p rin g.
There fo re , th eir p erfo rm ance a t w ork a nd p ro m oti o n p ro sp ect w ill n o t b e
negati v ely a ffe cte d . S eco nd ly , d ela yin g g iv in g c hild bir th a llo w s p eo ple to e njo y
th eir ti m e w ith p ers o nal c ho ic es a nd f r e ed om . I t m ay g iv e th em c o untl e ss
opportu niti e s to h av e r ic her s o cia b le l iv es o r e v en tr a v el a ro und th e w orld .
On th e o th er h and , d ecid in g to s ta rt a f a m ily a t th e l a te r s ta ge i n l ife h as s e v era l
sig nific ant c o nse q uences i n te rm o f b oth i n d iv id ual f a m ilie s a nd c o m munity . A n
im porta nt c o ncern f o r f a m ily l ife h av in g to r a is e a c hild /fo r f a m ily l ife w ith
child re n i s l ik ely to b e a h uge c halle nge f o r o ld er p are nts . I t s e em s n o t to b e e asy
fo r th e p are nt to c o m munic ate , b e r e la te d to th eir c hild d ue to a g enera ti o n g ap
ev en th o ugh th ey m ay h av e s ta b le s o cio eco no m ic s ta tu s o r g re at e xp erie nces a nd
kno w le d ge. B esid es, g etti n g p re gnant a fte r 3 5 y ears o f a ge m ay c arry a c erta in
num ber o f h ealth r is k s f o r b oth m oth ers a nd b ab ie s. S pecific ally , o ld er m oth ers g et
th e h ig her d anger o f m is c arria ge o r s ti llb ir th a nd b ab ie s m ig ht b e a t g re ate r r is k o f
hav in g D ow n’s s y nd ro m e. C onse q uentl y , th e q uality o f th e f u tu re w ork fo rc e i s
bein g s e rio usly i m pacte d .
In c o nclu sio n, th e i n cre asin gly p opula r tr e nd o f g iv in g b ir th l a te r i n l ife r e su lts
fr o m s e v era l f a cto rs . E ventu ally /S ub se q uentl y , th ere c o uld h av e s ig nific ant
in flu ences o n b oth f a m ily l ife a nd s o cie ty a t l a rg e.
316 w ord s
258

SA M PL E 3
New t e ch nolo gie s h ave c h anged t h e w ay c h ild re n s p end t h eir f r e e t im e. D o
th e a dvanta ges o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges?
The te chno lo gy r e v olu ti o n h as m assiv ely i n flu enced th e w ay c hild re n s p end th eir
le is u re ti m e. W hile s o m e p eo ple b elie v e th is i s a n egati v e tr e nd , I w ould a gre e
with th o se w ho a rg ue th is b rin gs m ore b enefits th an d ra w backs.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at a d vanced te chno lo gie s h av e s o m e c erta in
negati v e i m pacts o n p up ils . F ir s tl y , m odern te chno lo gie s m ig ht c o ntr ib ute to
makin g c hild re n s o a d dic te d to th em th at s u ch i m porta nt d uti e s s u ch a s l e arn in g a re
no t p rio riti z e d . F or i n sta nce, s e v era l s c ho olb oys i n V ie tn am s k ip c la sse s to p la y
onlin e g am es. S eco nd ly , s p end in g h o urs o n s itti n g i n f r o nt o f a nd k eep in g e yes
glu ed to th e s c re ens w ill r e su lt i n s e d enta ry l ife sty le , w hic h w ill g iv e r is e to th e
lik elih o od o f s u ffe rin g f r o m d is e ase s s u ch a s o besity , e yes-re la ti n g d is e ase s.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at th anks to m odern te chno lo gie s, c hild re n h av e
more o pportu niti e s to b ro ad en th eir k no w le d ge a s w ell a s k eep i n c o nta ct w ith
th eir p eers . O ne r e aso n i s th at th ere a re a v arie ty o f T V p ro gra m mes o r g am es
whic h h av e n o t o nly s e rv ed f o r e nte rta in m ent p urp ose s b ut a ls o p ro vid ed a w orld
of k no w le d ge a nd i n fo rm ati o n. T hus, d is c ern in g p are nts w ould c ho ose c hannels
lik e D is c o very o r g am es l ik e M ath g am es s o th at th eir c hild re n c o uld l e arn a b out
wild life o r e nhance th eir M ath s k ills . A no th er r e aso n i s th at i n no vati v e
te chno lo gie s s u ch a s s o cia l n etw ork in g s ite s, m essa ge s e rv ic es h av e
re v olu ti o niz e d c o m munic ati o n, h elp in g c hild re n k eep i n to uch w ith th eir f r ie nd s
more c o nv enie ntl y . I f s tu d ents w ant to d is c uss w ith th eir c la ssm ate s a b out l e sso ns
in s c ho ol, th ey j u st n eed a p ps l ik e S kyp e to s e nd i n sta nt m essa ges o r v id eo c alls .
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould r e sta te th at a lth o ugh th ere s ti ll r e m ain p ro ble m s w ith s ta te -
in -th e-a rt te chno lo gie s, th ey a re m akin g c hild re n’s f r e e ti m e m ore e njo yab le a nd
benefic ia l, p ro vid ed th at th ey a re u se d p ro perly .
288 w ord s
259

SA M PL E 4
In s o m e c o untr ie s, m ore p are nts a re e duca tin g t h eir c h ild re n a t h om e in ste ad
of s e ndin g t h em t o s c h ool. D o y ou t h in k t h e a dvanta ges o utw eig h t h e
dis a dvanta ges?
It i s tr u e th at h o m e-s c ho olin g h as g ain ed e no rm ous p opula rity a m ong p are nts .
Alth o ugh s e v era l b enefits o f th is te nd ency c o uld b e s e en, I w ould a rg ue th at th ese
ad vanta ges a re e clip se d b y c o nsid era b le d ra w backs.
On th e o ne h and , h o m e s tu d y p re se nts i n ev ita b le m erits f o r c hild re n. F ir s t o f a ll,
th ey a re e nti tl e d to a f u ll p are nta l s u p port i n te rm s o f m enta l a nd p hysic al
dev elo pm ent. I t i s d ue to th e f a ct th at y o ung i n d iv id uals , w ho s ta y a t h o m e w ith
th eir p are nts , a re o f th e h ealth y l iv in g e nv ir o nm ent w hic h c o uld b e s e en a s a n
excelle nt s e tti n g f o r th e f o rm ati o n o f th eir c hara cte ris ti c s a nd k no w le d ge a t th eir
early a ges. S eco nd ly , h o m e i s a s a fe r p la ce to a v oid u np re d ic ta b le i n cid ents , c ar
accid ents w hile tr a v ellin g b ack a nd f o rth e v ery d ay o r s c ho ol b ully in g f o r
in sta nce. A s a m atte r o f f a ct, s c ho ol b ully in g i s a s e rio us p ro ble m i n m any
co untr ie s w ho se v ic ti m s m ig ht ( h av e to ) s u ffe r f r o m m enta l i lln esse s s u ch a s
co nsta nt d ep re ssio n o r e v en a uti s m .
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at th e a fo re m enti o ned p ositi v e i n flu ences c o uld b e
outw eig hed b y th e f o llo w in g d em erits . T o s ta rt w ith , s in ce c hild re n o nly s ta y a t
ho m e w ith th eir p are nts , th e l a ck o f c hances to c o m munic ate w ith f r ie nd s a nd
te achers e v entu ally l e ad s to th e d ete rio ra ti o n i n s o cia l i n te ra cti o n. A s a r e su lt, i t
hig hly l im its n o t o nly th eir s o cia l l ife b ut a ls o th eir c o m munic ati o n a nd
in te rp ers o nal s k ills w hic h c o uld h in d er th eir f u tu re c are er p ath s. M ore
im porta ntl y , p are nts a re n o t w ell- tr a in ed s p ecia lis ts i n e d ucati n g c hild re n
co m pare d to te achers a nd o th er s ta ff w ho h av e th o ro ugh i n sig hts i n to e v ery s ta ge
of h um an l e arn in g. T his i s to s a y th at th ey c o uld g iv e i n ad eq uate o rie nta ti o ns a nd
guid elin es f o r th eir o ffs p rin g, w hic h a d vers e ly a ffe cts o n c hild re n o vera ll
dev elo pm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, e v en th o ugh i t i s b enefic ia l to e d ucate c hild re n a t h o m e to s o m e
exte nt, i t s e em s to m e th at th e m enti o ned d ow nsid es a re o f m ore /g re ate r
sig nific ance a nd s h o uld b e ta ken i n to a cco unt.
310 w ord s
260

SA M PL E 5
Som e p eople t h in k t h at g ood h ealt h is a b asic h um an n eed a nd t h e m edic a l
se rv ic e s h ould n ot b e r u n b y p ro fit -m ak in g c o m panie s. D o d is a dvanta ges
outw eig h a dvanta ges? G iv e y our o pin io n.
It i s tr u e th at n o w ad ays th ere i s a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f p riv ate ly -o pera te d
health care s e rv ic es b esid es p ub lic a gencie s. W hile th ere e xis t s e v era l d ra w backs
to th e s e rv ic es o f th ese p riv ate -o w ned f ir m s, I b elie v e th ey a re e clip se d b y th e
su b sta nti a l b enefits .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd ers ta nd ab le w hy p eo ple d is a p pro ve o f m ed ic al tr e atm ent
pro vid ed b y p ro fit- m akers . T he k ey r a ti o nale i s a ttr ib ute d to th e e xp ensiv e
eq uip m ent u se d i n th ese h o sp ita ls o r c lin ic s a lo ng w ith th e e xo rb ita nt p ric es th at
pati e nts h av e to c o ver. A dditi o nally , d ue to th e m ajo r a im o f m axim iz in g p ro fits ,
th ese f ir m s m ay r a is e th e c o sts o f th eir s e rv ic es s u ch a s p re sc rip ti o n f e es o r
su rg ery p ric es. T his m ay a ct a s a c o ntr ib uto r to th e i n accessib ility to m ed ic al c are
of p eo ple w ho l iv e u nd er th e p overty l in e, w hic h p re v ents th em f r o m r e ceiv in g th e
most e ffe cti v e c ure . F or e xam ple , th e U SA i s a ty p ic al e xam ple o f a n e xcessiv ely
unfa ir a nd i n accessib le h ealth care d ue to th e p riv ati z a ti o n o f s u ch f a cto r.
Meanw hile , th e U K o ffe rs a N ati o nal H ealth S erv ic e th at d eliv ers u niv ers a l
health care .
On th e o th er h and , n o tw ith sta nd in g th e a fo re m enti o ned d is a d vanta ges, I w ould
arg ue th at p riv ate h ealth care i s s ti ll a n o pti m al c ho ic e f o r p eo ple . T he f o re m ost
re aso n i s a l a rg e n um ber o f e xp erie nced p ra cti ti o ners w ork in g i n th ese c o m panie s.
In o rd er to g ain p ro fits , th ese h o sp ita ls a ls o n eed to b oost th eir s e rv ic e q uality to
attr a ct m ore c usto m ers . T hey s p end a f lo od o f f u nd in g o n ta kin g o n v ete ra n d octo rs
and s u rg eo ns a im in g to p ro ve p ati e nts w ith e xcelle nt s e rv ic es. F urth erm ore , th e
cle anlin ess o f m ed ic al s e rv ic es a nd th e g enero us c ap acity o f th ese c o m panie s a re
th e r e aso ns w hy th ey a re q uite p opula r a m ong p eo ple d esp ite th e h ig h c o sts . H ong
Ngo c h o sp ita l i n H ano i p erfe ctl y e xem plifie s th is c ho ic e o f p ati e nts . C om pare d to
so m e p ub lic h o sp ita ls w ith th e o verlo ad in g a nd th e p oor s a nita ti o n, th is h o sp ita l
offe rs a w id e r a nge o f s ic kro om s w hic h a re s te riliz e d d aily a nd a n um ber o f
co nsid era te s ta ffs , w hic h i s e q uiv ale nt to th e c o sts .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile th e d em erits a tta ched to p riv ate m ed ic al s e rv ic es a re
defin ite , I b elie v e w ith th e n um ber o f s e aso ned d octo rs a nd th e a d eq uate
cle anlin ess, th ese h o sp ita ls s ti ll h av e m ore m erits th an th e n egati v e o nes.
261

328 w ord s
262

SA M PL E 6
In s o m e c u lt u re s, t h e o ld a ge is m ore v alu ed, w hile in s o m e c u lt u re s y outh is
more v alu ed.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e v alu es e m bra ced /u p held b y th e o ld
genera ti o n’s c ultu re a nd y o uth c ultu re . S om e c o nsid er th at th e e ld erly p la ys a n
im porta nt r o le i n th e s o cie ty a nd v ic e v ers a . I n m y o pin io n, d esp ite th e
diffe re nti a ti o n o f a ge, b oth g enera ti o ns m ake a n e sse nti a l c o ntr ib uti o n to h um an
civ iliz a ti o n.
Fir s t o f a ll, th e o ld p opula ti o n h as a n i n te gra l p art to p la y i n th e b uild -u p o f a
well- ro und ed s o cie ty . I t i s u nd enia b le th at o ld p eo ple h av e a w ealth o f r e al- life
exp erie nces a nd d eep w is d om a s th ey h av e l iv ed th ro ugh s itu ati o ns o th ers c anno t
im agin e. A ls o , s u ch p re cio us e xp erti s e e nab le s th em to g iv e c are fu l c o nsid era ti o n
and a v oid a v arie ty o f m is ta kes. T here fo re , th ey o fte n p erfo rm a s c o nsu lta nts a nd
le ad ers i n o rg aniz a ti o ns o r d ecis io n-m akers i n th eir f a m ilie s. F urth erm ore , i n s p ite
of th e l im ita ti o n o f p hysic al h ealth , th ey a lw ays d esir e to s u p port b oth th eir
fa m ilie s a nd th e s o cie ty a s a w ho le . T o b e p re cis e , o ld i n d iv id uals f r e q uentl y ta ke
care o f th eir g ra nd child re n a t h o m e a nd p arti c ip ate i n m any/a w id e r a nge o f
charity a cti v iti e s a s v olu nte ers o r d ono rs .
On th e o th er h and , y o ung a d ults a re e sse nti a l p arts o f o ur w orld a s th ey a re
re gard ed a s th e f u tu re b ackb one o f s o cia l d ev elo pm ent. F ir s tl y , th ey a re th e
prim ary l a b or f o rc es th at c re ate th e m ajo rity o f m ate ria l a nd s p ir itu al p ro ducts
because o f th eir e xcelle nt p hysic al a nd m enta l h ealth c o nd iti o n. M ore o ver, th is
gro up o f a ge i s r ic h i n c re ati o n, c urio sity , a nd m oti v ati o n th at p ro m ote n o vel
dis c o verie s a nd i n no vati o ns b oth f o ste rin g e co no m ic a nd s o cia l a d vancem ent.
Last b ut n o t l e ast, th e y o ung g enera ti o n i s a ls o th e m ain r e p ro ducti o n f o rc e th at
assu re s th e s u sta in ab le d ev elo pm ent o f h um an b ein gs.
With th e r e aso nin g m enti o ned a b ove, I w ould l ik e to c o nclu d e th at a ll p eo ple w ho
liv e i n o ur s o cie ty h av e th eir o w n v alu e w hate v er g enera ti o n th ey b elo ng
to /r e gard le ss o f th e g enera ti o n th ey b elo ng to /a re i d enti fie d w ith .
299 w ord s
263

SA M PL E 7
Teach ers u se d t o c o nvey in fo rm atio n, b ut n ow w it h w id e r e so urc e s o f
in fo rm atio n, s o m e p eople t h in k t h at t h ere is n o r o le f o r t e ach ers t o p la y in
modern e duca tio n, o th ers d is a gre e. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple b elie v e th at w ith a w id e v arie ty o f i n fo rm ati o n r e so urc es a v aila b le ,
te achers ’ r o le i s e lim in ate d i n m odern e d ucati o n. W hile I u nd ers ta nd th at s tu d ents
no w ad ays c an r e so rt to a d iv ers e r a nge o f l e arn in g m eth o ds, I b elie v e th at
te achers s ti ll p la y a n i m porta nt p art i n s tu d ents ’ r o ad to k no w le d ge.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns to a rg ue/c la im th at te achers ’ r o le i s
curre ntl y m iti g ate d i n s tu d ents ’ l e arn in g p ro cess. O ne o f th e p rim ary c ause s i s th at
th e e xp lo sio n o f i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy h as o ffe re d l e arn ers n ew w ays o f
ed ucati o n. B y l e arn in g f r o m d iffe re nt e d ucati o nal w eb site s, a p plic ati o ns, a nd
onlin e c o urs e s, s tu d ents a re i n cre asin gly r e d ucin g th eir r e lia nce o n te achers a nd
tr a d iti o nal c la ssro om s. F urth erm ore , i n te rm s o f tr a d iti o nal e d ucati o n, w ith a
co nsid era b le n um ber o f p ap er b ooks h av in g b een p ub lis h ed i n r e cent y ears , th ere
is a n a b und ance o f l e arn in g m ate ria ls f o r s tu d ents . T his r e su lts i n a l o t o f
in d iv id uals o pti n g f o r s e lf – l e arn in g a s w ell a s o th er tr e nd y e d ucati o nal m eth o ds
su ch a s h o m esc ho olin g a nd n o n-a cad em ic p ath w ays/v ocati o nal c o urs e s.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at te achers s ti ll ta ke th e l e ad i n s tu d ents ’
ed ucati o nal p urs u it i n v ario us w ays. F ir s tl y , i n th e m atr ix o f i n fo rm ati o n b ein g
pro duced , i t i s l ik ely th at s tu d ents w ho a re n o t e q uip ped w ith i n fo rm ati o n
se arc hin g a nd s e le cti o n s k ills w ill b e c o nfu se d . I n s u ch c ase s, th e te acher w ould
pla y th e r o le o f a n i n str u cto r a nd g uid e to h elp s tu d ents i n a cq uir in g r e le v ant
kno w le d ge. S eco nd ly , w ith n um ero us m eth o ds o f l e arn in g, te achers c an u ti liz e
div ers e o nlin e to ols to tr a nsfe r th eir k no w le d ge a nd s k ills to th eir ta rg ete d
le arn ers . A g o od e xam ple i s m assiv e o pen o nlin e c o urs e s, i n w hic h te achers
dig ita liz e th eir s y lla b use s a nd p ub lis h th em o n th e i n te rn et i n o rd er to p ro vid e
dis ta nce l e arn in g f o r s tu d ents o f a ll a ges a nd c la sse s. F in ally , e nco ura gem ent a nd
guid ance f r o m e d ucato rs a re a lw ays c ru cia l i n l e arn ers ’ s tu d yin g p ro cess.
There fo re , i n ste ad o f m ere ly c o nv eyin g i n fo rm ati o n to s tu d ents , te achers i n th e
modern w orld a re h elp in g to i m pro ve s tu d ents ’ a cad em ic a chie v em ents m ore
cre ati v ely .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile i t i s tr u e th at s tu d ents n o l o nger d ep end o n th eir te achers a s
befo re , th is i s b y n o m eans th e te rm in ati o n o f te achers ’ r e sp onsib ility i n m odern
264

ed ucati o n.
328 w ord s
265

SA M PL E 8
There a re m any d if fe re nt t y pes o f m usic in t h e w orld t o day. W hy d o w e n eed
music ? I s t h e t r a dit io nal m usic o f a c o untr y m ore im porta nt t h an t h e
in te rn atio nal m usic t h at is h eard e very w here n ow adays?
Vario us ty p es o f m usic h av e b een m ad e i n cre asin gly w orld w id e a nd a ccessib le i n
re cent y ears . I t i s a n u nd enia b le f a ct th at m usic i s v ir tu ally i n d is p ensa b le to o ur
liv es f o r a n um ber o f r e aso ns. H ow ev er, w heth er i t i s tr a d iti o nal o r i n te rn ati o nal,
both m usic g enre s/k in d s a re s tr o ngly b elie v ed to p la y c erta in i n te gra l p arts i n
to day s o cie ty .
The r o le o f m usic i n h um an l iv es i s c o m para ti v ely d ir e ct a nd p iv ota l. F ir s tl y , i t i s
co m ple te ly c le ar th at m usic p re v ents n egati v e a nd u nw ante d f e elin gs i n m any
asp ects o f l ife . F or e xam ple , th o se w ho o fte n g et s tr a in ed o r tr o ub le d a t w ork
mig ht u su ally u se m usic to h elp th em e ase th eir m in d s. S eco nd ly , m usic p la ys a
vita l a nd h uge p art i n te rm s o f f e sti v als , e v ents , a nd p erfo rm ances. W ith o ut m usic ,
a s h o w c o uld b e c o nsid ere d e xtr e m ely u nfu lfille d a nd d rie d d ue to th e l a ck o f
so und s a nd s y m pho nie s. T here fo re , m usic c an b e c o nclu d ed to h av e g ia nt i m pacts
on th e g enera l p ub lic . F or e xam ple , m usic h as c o nnecte d p eo ple a ll a ro und th e
world a s a s ig n o f u nity . T he O ne L ove M ancheste r c o ncert b y A ria na G ra nd e i n
co lla b ora ti o n w ith a n um ber o f A -lis t s ta rs h as s h o w n a n u np re ced ente d p ow er o f
music i n h ealin g a nd e m pow erin g p eo ple to s ta nd s tr o ng a fte r th e tr a gic te rro ris t
atta ck i n M ancheste r.
Nev erth ele ss, tr a d iti o nal a nd i n te rn ati o nal m usic h av e r e centl y b een c o m pare d
and j u d ged a s to w hic h m ore v alu ab le /e ffe ctu al/im porta nt. A lth o ugh b oth m usic
ty p es a re p re fe rre d a nd l is te ned to th e s a m e e xte nt, e ach o ne s h are s d iffe re nt
chara cte rs a nd s ty le s. T he c o untr y ty p e i s c o nsid ere d to b e m ore c o nv enti o nal a nd
usu ally p la yed i n tr a d iti o nal o r l o cal s h o w s a nd e v ents . Y et, a b so rb in g
in te rn ati o nal m usic c an h elp p eo ple i n te gra te a nd b eco m e m ore u p date d to f r ie nd s
liv in g i n o th er p arts o f th e g lo be.
All i n a ll, th e f a ct th at m usic i s g ro w in g m ore a nd m ore f a v oure d i s , b y a ll m eans,
a p ositi v e d ev elo pm ent b ecause o f i ts p ra cti c al b enefits . A ls o , i t i s c o nv in ced th at
tr a d iti o nal a nd i n te rn ati o nal m usic to s o m e e xte nt c o m ple te s e ach o th er.
318 w ord s
266

SA M PL E 9
Rece nt r e se arc h h as s h ow n t h at w it h in t h e E uro pean U nio n t h e la rg est
dif fe re nce b etw een t h e e arn in gs o f m en a nd w om en e xis ts in t h e U K. M any
equal r ig hts c a m paig ners b elie ve t h at im media te a ctio n s h ould b e t a k en t o
clo se t h e g ender p ay g ap.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is v ie w ?
Rese arc hers h av e r e centl y r e v eale d th at w ith in th e E uro pean U nio n, th e U K h as
th e g re ate st g end er p ay g ap . S up porte rs o f th e e q ual r ig hts m ovem ent u rg e p eo ple
to ta ke a cti o n to e lim in ate th is d iffe re nce i n i n co m e b etw een m ale s a nd f e m ale s,
where as o th ers o bje ct th is s u d den c hange. T his e ssa y d is c usse s b oth s id es o f th e
deb ate , f o llo w ed b y m y p ers o nal o pin io n.
Advocate s o f e q ual e arn in gs o f m en a nd w om en b ase th eir a rg um ents o n tw o m ain
re aso ns. T o c o m mence, th e c lo sin g o f th e g end er p ay g ap w ill e nco ura ge f e m ale
la b or a nd b enefit th e e co no m y a s a w ho le . A s w om en f e el l ik e th eir w ork i s
valu ed , th ey a re b ound to i n cre ase th eir p ro ducti v ity a nd d ed ic ati o n, r e su lti n g i n
bette r q uality h um an r e so urc es f o r c o rp ora ti o ns a nd u lti m ate ly s ti m ula ti n g th e
gro w th o f th e e co no m y. M ore o ver, th e i n cre ase i n th e n um ber o f f in ancia lly
in d ep end ent w om en a ls o r e d uces p overty , m in im iz in g th e b urd en o n th e b ud get o f
th e n ati o n. F urth erm ore , b y ta kin g a cti o ns to n arro w th e g end er p ay g ap , o ne i s
pro m oti n g s o cia l j u sti c e, w hic h i s e sse nti a l f o r th e d ev elo pm ent o f th e c o m munity .
For i n sta nce, a f e m ale h as a p assio n f o r a str o no m y, a m ale d om in ant f ie ld c an n o w
fe el w elc o m ed to j o in a nd c o ntr ib ute h er ta le nt to o ur w orld . A lth o ugh f e w p eo ple
are a w are , th e p ers o n w ho w ro te th e c o din g f o r s p acesh ip s th at to ok h um ans to th e
moon w as a w om an, p ro vid in g/o ffe rin g/e sta b lis h a c o m pellin g e v id ence f o r w hy
so cia l j u sti c e i s c ru cia l f o r th e p ro gre ss o f m ankin d .
How ev er, o pponents o f p ayin g w om en e q ual w age i n sis t th at i t i s c halle ngin g to
im med ia te ly c lo se th e g end er p ay g ap . F ir s tl y , s u ch s u d den c hange i n e co no m ic
in fr a str u ctu re c o uld p ut a s tr a in o n th e c o untr y ’s r e so urc es, l e ad in g to /c ausin g th e
re d ucti o n i n w ork fo rc e. T his c o uld c ause p ro te sts a nd u nw ante d c o ntr o vers ie s.
Additi o nally , r e w ard in g m ale s a nd f e m ale s e q ually c o uld l e ad to th e n egle ct o f
child re n. S in ce w om en a re m ore m oti v ate d to p urs u e th eir c are er, th eir c hild re n
would r e ceiv e m uch l e ss a tte nti o n, w hic h i s d is a d vanta geo us to th eir u p brin gin g.
In c o nclu sio n, I a gre e w ith th e a d vocate s f o r c lo sin g th e g end er p ay g ap , a s b y
doin g s o , n o t o nly f e m ale s, b ut o ur e nti r e s o cie ty b enefits o n v ario us a sp ects .
267

How ev er, th e p ro cess o f p ayin g w om en a nd m en e q ually s h o uld b e c arrie d o ut
modera te ly to a v oid u nnecessa ry d iffic ulti e s.
329 w ord s
268

SA M PL E 1 0
It is r ig ht t h at t o p s p orts p eople s h ould b e p aid a lo t o f m oney. T o w hat e xte nt
do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
The q uesti o n w heth er ( o r n o t) i n v esto rs s h o uld p ay h ig h s a la rie s f o r to p a th le te s
has r e centl y d ra w n m uch p ub lic a tte nti o n. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I s u p port th at i t i s
le giti m ate to p ay l e ss m oney f o r th ese p eo ple .
Such te le p ho ne f ig ure s a la rie s e arn ed b y s p orts s ta rs c o uld b e a w ond erfu l
re so urc e o f f in ance f o r s a ti s fy in g h um an b asic n eed s. F ir s tl y , s u ch e xp end itu re i s
more r e aso nab le to b e s p ent o n s o cia l w elfa re s c hem es to h elp p eo ple f r o m
dis a d vanta ged b ackgro und s. F or e xam ple , I n C hin a, f o otb alle rs a re p aid w ith a
huge a m ount o f m oney. I f th is a m ount i s s u b sid iz e d to e ra d ic ate h unger a nd
alle v ia te p overty , i t c an e lim in ate d om esti c f a m in e a nd c o nta gio n f r o m i ts r o ot.
Seco nd ly , i f i n v esto rs u se th is e xp end itu re o n s c ie nti fic r e se arc hes, i t c o uld
genera te h uge b enefits f o r th e s u rv iv al o f h um ans.
Advocate s o f th e i d ea th at s p orts s ta rs p la y a n i n te gra l r o le i n o ur s o cie ty m ay
belie v e s o m e c ele b riti e s i n s p orts s e cto r e xert s tr o ng p ositi v e i n flu ences o n th e
behav io ura l p atte rn s o f y o ung g enera ti o ns. H ow ev er, th e r e v ere nce f o r c ele b riti e s
may tr ig ger/p ro voke a rg um ents a m ong f a ns, w hic h c ause s s o m e a rg um ents , w hic h
cause s i r rita ti o n f o r th e l o cals a nd c halle nges f o r a uth o riti e s to m ain ta in s o cia l
se curity . F or a p rim e e xam ple , th e a rg um ents b etw een th e f a ns o f M essi a nd
Ronald o, tw o o f th e m ost n o to rio us f o otb alle rs o f a ll ti m e, i n w hic h th ey o fte n u se
sw ear w ord s c an e v en b e th e c ulp rit o f s o m e h ein o us c rim es.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile s o m e p eo ple b elie v e s p orts s ta rs d ese rv e to g et h ig h s a la rie s
due to th eir p iv ota l r o le to th e y o ung g enera ti o ns i n th is e ra , I s tr o ngly o ppose th is
id ea b ecause o f th e a fo re m enti o ned r e aso ns.
260 w ord s
269

SA M PL E 1 1
It is im porta nt f o r a ll t o w ns a nd c it ie s t o h ave la rg e p ublic s p ace s s u ch a s
sq uare s a nd p ark s. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ent?
It i s a rg ued th at p ub lic s p aces s u ch a s s q uare s a nd p ark s a re n ecessa ry
in fr a str u ctu re f o r a ll c iti e s. F ro m m y p ers o nal p ers p ecti v e, i t i s c ru cia l to e nsu re
su ch f a ciliti e s a v aila b le to th e p ub lic i n a ny r e gio n.
Fir s tl y , u rb an c iti z e ns h av e to d eal w ith b usy a nd s tr e ssfu l l iv es n o w ad ays.
More o ver, n o is e p ollu ti o n i n c iti e s i s a s e rio us p ro ble m , w hic h w ill d efin ite ly
le ad to d ete rio ra ti o n i n p eo ple ’s m enta l a nd p hysic al h ealth . B y h av in g l a rg e
pub lic s p aces, p eo ple c an i m pro ve th eir p hysic al f itn ess, b egin nin g w ith j o ggin g
and c yclin g e v ery m orn in g. B esid es, a c o m bin ati o n o f a m om ent o f q uie tn ess a nd a
pla ce o f f r e sh a ir i s u se fu l f o r r e la xati o n, w hic h i s a p erfe ct e sc ap e f r o m th e
hustl in g a nd b ustl in g p art o f c ity l ife .
In a d diti o n, s u ch p ub lic s p aces a ls o h elp p eo ple b uild s tr o ng r e la ti o nsh ip s w ith
th eir f r ie nd s o r f a m ilie s. F or e xam ple , a fte r a l o ng a nd h ard -w ork in g w eek,
peo ple u su ally s p end ti m e a t p ark s c hatti n g a nd c am pin g w ith th eir l o ved o nes.
Furth erm ore , p ark s a re p la ces w hic h m any g ath erin gs a nd c ele b ra ti o ns ta ke p la ce.
As a r e su lt, p eo ple w ill h av e c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to ta ke p art i n d iv ers ifie d
co nv ers a ti o ns a nd g ro up p hysic al a cti v iti e s. I f th is h ap pens, p eo ple w ill b e
offe re d /p ro vid ed w ith to f o rm n ew r e la ti o nsh ip s w ith p eo ple . B ecause o f a
sim ila r i n te re st, i d eas c an b e e asily s p re ad a nd b ond s c an b e s m ooth ly f o rm ed
am ong th em . F in ally , o utd oor p ub lic s p aces m ake a c ity o r to w n h ap pie r a nd m ore
liv eab le . A s a m atte r o f f a ct, a ll c iti e s n o w ad ays a re i n th e l a ck o f s u ch p ub lic
pla ces. G overn m ents f r e q uentl y f o rc e th e p ub lic to u se th e l a nd f o r
co m merc ia liz a ti o n. T hey a re n o t a w are th at/ a re n o t c o nsc io us o f th e f a ct th at i t i s
pub lic s p ace th at c em ents e v ery c o m munity a nd e v entu ally m old s th e w ho le c ity
in to a h ealth y a nd s tr o ng o rg anis m .
To c o nclu d e, I d o b elie v e th at g o vern m ents s h o uld m ake g re ate r i n v estm ents i n
la rg e p ub lic s p aces.
302 w ord s
270

SA M PL E 1 2
Now adays a nim al e xperim ents a re w id ely u se d t o d evelo p n ew m edic in es a nd
to t e st t h e s a fe ty o f o th er p ro ducts . S om e p eople a rg ue t h at t h ese
experim ents s h ould b e b anned b eca use it is m ora lly w ro ng t o c a use a nim als t o
su ffe r, w hile o th ers a re in f a vour o f t h em b eca use o f t h eir b enefit s t o
hum anit y . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Durin g th e d ev elo pm ent o f m ed ic in es a nd o th er p ro ducts , m any te st o n a nim als
were c arrie d o ut. S om e p eo ple th in k th at th ese e xp erim ents m ake th e a nim als
su ffe r a nd s h o uld b e p ro hib ite d , w hile o th ers s u p port th em b ecause o f th e b enefits
th ey b ro ught. I n m y o pin io n, r e d ucin g th ese te sts to th e l o w est p ossib le a m ount i s
th e b est s o lu ti o n.
Med ic in es o r a ny p ro ducts th at a ffe ct h um an’s h ealth m ust b e te ste d c lin ic ally
befo re p ub lis h in g th em to th e m ark et o r h o sp ita l. S in ce th eo re ti c al r e se arc hes a re
diffe re nt f r o m th e p ra cti c al o nes a nd th eir r e su lts a re a ls o n o t e no ugh to e nsu re th e
sa fe ty o f th e d ru g w hen i t i s a p plie d to h um an; th ere fo re , te sti n g o n a nim als i s
re q uir e d . D ue to th e m atc hin g o f b ody s tr u ctu re a nd r e acti o n, w e m ay d ete ct a ny
dangers th at th eo re ti c al r e se arc hs h av e m is se d a nd h av e p ro per m odifie s o n th e
pro duct. A fte r a ll, th e h ig hest p rio rity s h o uld b e th e h ealth o f th e p eo ple w ho u se
th e p ro ducts .
Tho ugh s a crific es a re r e q uir e d , th ere a re p eo ple th at c anno t b ear s e ein g a h uge
am ount o f a nim als s u ffe rin g a nd d yin g i n th o se e xp erim ents . I t i s u nd ers ta nd ab le ,
fo r th em , th ese c re atu re s d ese rv e th e r ig ht to l iv e a nd d ie n atu ra lly , w ith o ut b ein g
to rtu re d b y s o m e c hem ic al s u b sta nces th at h um an c re ate . T here a re a f e w th in gs
th e s c ie nti s t c an d o to r e lie v e th is c o ncern : l im iti n g th e n um ber o f e xp erim ents ,
giv in g a nesth eti c s, tr a nq uiliz e rs to r e d uce th e p ain fu l m om ent a nd s h o w in g r e sp ect
to th e s a crific es o f th o se a nim als f o r s c ie nce, o r i n o th er w ord s, f o r th e s a ke o f
hum anity .
Peo ple s h o uld u nd ers ta nd th at te sti n g o n a nim als i s a n ecessa ry p hase f o r a
pro duct to b e u se d b y h um ans th at c anno t b e b anned , m eanw hile , th e s c ie nti s t a ls o
hav e to f in d th e m ost s u ita b le r e se arc h to m in im iz e th e n um ber o f a nim al
exp erim ents .
285 w ord s
271

SA M PL E 1 3
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at it is g ood t o s h are a s m uch in fo rm atio n a s p ossib le
in s c ie ntif ic r e se arc h , b usin ess a nd t h e a ca dem ic w orld . O th ers b elie ve t h at
so m e in fo rm atio n is t o o im porta nt o r t o o v alu able t o b e s h are d f r e ely .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
One o f th e m ost c o ntr o vers ia l q uesti o ns to day i s w heth er th e c o nte nts o f
docum ents a b out s c ie nce, b usin ess o r a cad em y s h o uld b e g ra nte d o r i t s h o uld b e
lim ite d b ecause o f th eir p re cio usn ess. I n th is e ssa y, I a m g o in g to e xam in e th is
questi o n f r o m b oth p oin ts o f v ie w a nd th en g iv e m y o w n o pin io n o n th e i s su e.
On o ne s id e o f th e a rg um ent, th ere a re p eo ple w ho a rg ue th at th e b enefits o f
sh arin g th at k in d o f i n fo rm ati o n c o nsid era b ly o utw eig h i ts d is a d vanta ges. T he
main r e aso n f o r b elie v in g th is i s th at b ein g w ell k no w n b y th e g enera l p ub lic w ho
mig ht a p ply th em to d iffe re nt f ie ld s m akes th o se r e se arc hes m ore p ra cti c al. I t i s
als o p ossib le to s a y th at s h arin g th em c an c o ntr ib ute to th e d ev elo pm ent o f s o cie ty
because o th ers a re l ik ely to c re ate a n ew i n v enti o n o r s tr a te gy b ase d o n
kno w le d ge o f th o se w ork s. O ne g o od i llu str a ti o n o f th is i s u niv ers ity s e nio rs w ho
write a th esis i n th eir f o urth y ear. T hey n o rm ally r e ad i n fo rm ati o n f r o m p re sti g io us
re se arc hes to f in d i d eas f o r th eir o w n th esis .
On th e o th er h and , i t i s a ls o p ossib le to m ake th e o pposin g c ase . I t i s o fte n a rg ued
th at i n f a ct, s o m e i n fo rm ati o n i s s o p ric ele ss th at i ts s h arin g h as to b e c o ntr o lle d .
Peo ple o fte n h av e th is o pin io n b ecause i t i s a g o od w ay to s h o w r e sp ect to th e
ow ners , a nyo ne w ho w ants to a p ply th eir w ork s h as to a sk f o r p erm is sio n. A
se co nd p oin t i s th at s e cre ts a re a cute ly i m porta nt i n s o m e c ase s. A p arti c ula rly
go od e xam ple h ere i s i n b usin ess. I f th e c o m panie s r e v eal th eir s tr a te gy, i t w ill
hav e a d etr im enta l i m pact o n th em s u ch a s i n cre asin g c o m peti ti o n w ith th eir
opponents .
In m y o pin io n, b oth p ro positi o ns/a sse rti o ns h av e th eir m erits . O n b ala nce,
ho w ev er, I te nd to b elie v e th at s h arin g i s b ette r. T here fo re , o th er p eo ple c an g iv e
co m ments o r c o ntr ib ute to m akin g th e o rig in s m ore p erfe ct.
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SA M PL E 1 4
Many s tu dents h ave t o s tu dy s u bje cts w hic h t h ey d o n ot lik e. S om e p eople
th in k t h is is a c o m ple te w aste o f t im e. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ent?
It i s s o m eti m es a rg ued th at e d ucati o nal i n sti tu ti o ns a re w asti n g ti m e w hen te achin g
stu d ents c o m puls o ry a cad em ic s u b je cts i n w hic h th ey h av e l ittl e o r n o i n te re st.
While I u nd ers ta nd th at m and ato ry d is c ip lin es m ay b e a sso cia te d w ith s e v era l
dis a d vanta ges, I p ers o nally b elie v e th at th ey a re u su ally m ore b enefic ia l i n
vario us w ays.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns w hy p eo ple a rg ue a gain st f o rc in g
stu d ents to s tu d y u nd esir a b le s u b je cts . O ne e xp la nati o n f o r th at i s i f a s tu d ent
exp re sse s n o e nth usia sm o r ta le nt i n a n a cad em ic s u b je ct, h e/s h e i s u nlik ely to
pro gre ss i n th is f ie ld o f s tu d ie s. I n ste ad o f s p end in g a c o nsid era b le a m ount o f ti m e
to i m pro ve h is /h er s c o re i n h is u nfa v ora b le s u b je cts , th at s tu d ent c o uld f o cus o n
acq uir in g r e le v ant k no w le d ge i n th e a re as th at h e i s g enuin ely f a sc in ate d b y. I n
ad diti o n, s o m e a cad em ic s u b je cts a re p ro ven to h av e l ittl e p ra cti c al u se i n l a te r
sta ges o f l ife . F or e xam ple , a d vanced p hysic s o r c hem is tr y w hic h a re c o m puls o ry
module s i n a n um ber o f h ig h s c ho ol s y lla b use s a re r a re ly a p plie d i n a n a d ult’ s l ife
unle ss h is p ro fe ssio n r e la te s to th ese s u b je cts .
On th e o th er h and , m y v ie w i s th at s tu d ents c o uld b enefit f r o m s tu d yin g th e
su b je cts th at th ey i n iti a lly a re n o t i n f a v our o f. F ir s tl y , a s u b je ct w hic h s e em s to b e
unp le asa nt to h and le i s p ossib ly u se fu l f o r a s tu d ent’ s f u tu re l ife . F or e xam ple , i t i s
unq uesti o nab le th at c o m mon k no w le d ge i n m ath em ati c s g enera lly p la ys a
necessa ry r o le i n p eo ple ’s d aily r o uti n e, d esp ite th e f a ct th at a s ig nific ant n um ber
of s tu d ents s tr u ggle d urin g m ath c la sse s. S eco nd ly , i n th is c o nsta ntl y c hangin g
modern w orld , h av in g p ro fo und k no w le d ge a nd s k ills i n v ario us f ie ld s w ill
re in fo rc e o ne’s a d vanta ges i n th e j o b m ark et a nd s e cure b ette r e m plo ym ent
afte rw ard . T here fo re , a s tu d ent i s a d vis e d to n o t o nly s tu d y i n d ep th b ut a ls o
bro ad en h is k no w le d ge i n a w id e r a nge o f s u b je cts to b eco m e a w ell – r o und ed
pers o n a nd p re p are h im se lf f o r th e s e v ere ly c o m peti ti v e w orld .
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at a lth o ugh s tu d ents m ay f in d d iffic ulti e s i n s tu d yin g
su b je cts th ey d o n o t l ik e, i t i s n ecessa ry to i n clu d e c o m mon k no w le d ge o f v ario us
dis c ip lin es i n to th e e d ucati o nal c urric ulu m .
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SA M PL E 1 5
Anim al r ig hts ’ p ro te ste rs s tr o ngly b elie ve t h at a ny f o rm o f a nim al
experim enta tio n is n ot o nly c ru el a nd in hum ane b ut a ls o im mora l. S cie ntis ts ,
how ever, b elie ve t h at it is j u stif ie d w hen u se d t o d evelo p n ew m edic in es,
whic h b enefit t h e liv es o f h um ans.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Advocate s o f a nim al r ig hts a rg ue a gain st e xp erim enti n g o n a nim als , a s i t i s
heartl e ss a nd b ru ta l, w here as s c ie nti s ts a sse rt th at a nim al e xp erim enta ti o n i s
ju sti fia b le i f u se d to p ro duce m ed ic in es th at i m pro ve th e h ealth care i n d ustr y . T his
essa y w ill d is c uss b oth v ie w s, f o llo w ed b y m y h um ble o pin io n.
Pro te ste rs o f th e a nti - a nim al te sti n g m ovem ent b ase th eir a rg um ent o n m ora l
re aso ns. T o c o m mence, i t i s c ru el to k eep w ild a nim als i n c ap ti v ity a nd d ep riv e
th em o f c o nta ct w ith th eir p eers . C om mon e xp erim enta l c re atu re s s u ch a s r a b bits ,
monkeys, a nd r a ts a re c o nd iti o ned to th e l a b ora to ry e nv ir o nm ent. T hey l iv e a lo ne
in s m all c ages w ith l ittl e s p ace to m ove a ro und a nd a re n o t e xp ose d to n atu ra l
su nlig ht a nd l e ft i n h unger, a ll to s e rv e th e p urp ose o f e xp erim enta ti o n.
Furth erm ore , i t i s a b so lu te ly i n hum ane to p erfo rm d angero us te sti n g o n th ese
cre atu re s. F or o ne s u ccessfu l m ed ic in e, th ere a re o ver a h und re d l iv es o f r o dents
affe cte d . T hese l a b ora to ry m ic e a re e ith er d ead , s u ffe r f r o m s e v ere d efo rm ati o n,
or a re r e le ase d b ack i n to th eir n atu ra l h ab ita ts . H ow ev er, o nly a f e w r e le ase d
mic e l iv ed , a s th ey l a ck s u rv iv al s k ills d ue to a l o ng p erio d o f ti m e i n c ap ti v ity .
On th e o th er h and , s c ie nti s ts i n sis t th at i t i s r e aso nab le to s a crific e th ese a nim als ’
liv es to d ev elo p n ew a nti d ote s f o r h um ans. F ir s tl y , s u p porte rs o f a nim al
exp erim enta ti o n c la im th at r o dents a re u nd er th e r is k s o f o verp opula ti o n.
There fo re , i t i s a ccep ta b le to u se s o m e o f th em to p erfo rm te sti n g o n. R ese arc hers
hav e s h o w n th at th ere i s a n a b und ant n um ber o f m ic e a nd r a b bits , a nd th ere fo re , b y
in je cti n g th em w ith n ew d ru gs, th ey a re a ctu ally h elp in g to m ain ta in th e b ala nce i n
th e e co sy ste m . S eco nd ly , a s p ro ponents o f a nim al te sti n g c o nsid er m en’s l iv es
su p erio r to o th er b ein gs, th ey f in d i t f a ir to ta ke a d vanta ge o f l e ss i n te llig ent
cre atu re s f o r s c ie nti fic p urp ose s. B ecause o f m ankin d ’s h ig h p ositi o n i n th e f o od
chain , th ey m ain ta in th at i t i s q uite n atu ra l to u se th ese a nim als f o r th eir o w n
benefits . M ore o ver, a s e xp erim enta ti o n o n a nim als h elp s tr e m end ously w ith th e
med ic al i n d ustr y a nd e nsu re s s a fe ty a nd b ette r h ealth f o r h um an, i t i s s im ply
lo gic al to s a crific e th ese c re atu re s.
274

In c o nclu sio n, I a gre e th at te sti n g o n a nim als i s i n ad vis a b le b ecause o f i ts c ru elty .
How ev er, i n c ase o f a b so lu te n ecessity , r e se arc hers s h o uld b e a llo w ed to s e le ct
so m e c re atu re s th at a re a lr e ad y i n b ad s h ap e to a ssis t th em w ith th e d ev elo pm ent
of a n ew c ure .
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SA M PL E 1 6
Many c o untr ie s u se f o ssil f u els s u ch a s c o al o r o il a s t h e m ain s o urc e s o f
energ y. H ow ever, in s o m e c o untr ie s, t h e u se o f a lt e rn ativ e s o urc e s o f e nerg y
is e nco ura ged. D o y ou t h in k a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
In r e cent d ecad es, s o m e c o untr ie s h av e b een a tte m pti n g to p ro m ote a lte rn ati v e
energ y s o urc es i n o rd er to r e d uce th e d ep end ence o n f o ssil f u els . A lth o ugh I
accep t th at th ere a re s o m e d angers o f th is tr e nd , I w ould a rg ue th at th e u ti liz a ti o n
of th ese s o urc es i s a n e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o n f o r d ealin g w ith th e e nerg y c ris is .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy e nv ir o nm enta l s c ie nti s ts a nd
acti v is ts b elie v e th at b ein g m ore r e lia nce o n a lte rn ati v e e nerg y r e so urc es c o uld
make s o m e s e rio us tr o ub le s. F ir s t, s in ce m any c o untr ie s h av e b een p ro ducin g
nucle ar p ow er, p eo ple n o w h av e to f a ce th e i s su es o f s a fe ty a nd p ollu ti o n. F or
exam ple , th e e xp lo sio n a t F ukush im a D aiic hi i n J a p an n ucle ar p la nt g enera te d a
lo t o f p ois o no us a nd r a d io acti v e e m is sio ns w hic h n o t o nly k ille d m any p eo ple b ut
als o l e ft a l e gacy o f c ancers d eath s f o r th e f u tu re . S eco nd , a no th er e nerg y
re so urc es, l ik e w in d p ow er, h av e n egati v e i m pacts o n m any d iffe re nt a sp ects o f
life . F or i n sta nce, m any l o cal r e sid ents s tr o ngly d is a gre e w ith th e c o nstr u cti o n o f
wild f a rm s a s th ey c o m e a t th e e xp ense o f th e l a nd sc ap e a nd th e l e v el o f n o is e .
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at i t i s m ore b enefic ia l f o r e nv ir o nm enta l
pro te cti o n to u se r e new ab le e nerg y s o urc es i n ste ad o f th e b urn in g o f f o ssil f u els
su ch a s c o al a nd o il o r g as. F ir s t, s in ce g re en p ow er s o urc es a re e co -fr ie nd ly ,
th ere a re n o c arb on d io xid e e m is sio ns c o nta m in ati n g th e a tm osp here . T hese a cts
as i n centi v es f o r c o ntr o llin g p ro ble m s o f c lim ate c hange a nd p oor a ir q uality .
Seco nd , th e f o ssil f u els a re g enera lly c o nsid ere d to b e n o n-re new ab le r e so urc es
whic h h av e l im its o n s u p ply . A s a r e su lt, th e u se o f r e new ab le e nerg y s u ch a s
win d a nd s o la r p ow er w ill g uara nte e a b ound le ss s u p ply o f e nerg y f o r a f u tu re
genera ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh th ere a re s a fe ty c o ncern s a nd o th er i m pacts a b out
alte rn ati n g tr a d iti o nal e nerg y s o urc es, i t s e em s to m e th at g o vern m ents a nd th e
pub lic s h o uld s u p port th e u se o f th em .
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SA M PL E 1 7
It is im possib le t o a ll h elp p eople in t h e w orld , s o g overn m ents s h ould o nly
fo cu s o n p eople in t h eir o w n c o untr ie s. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
There i s a w id esp re ad b elie f th at g o vern m ents s h o uld ta ke c are o f c iti z e ns w ho
liv e i n th eir o w n c o untr y r a th er th an th e n eed y p eo ple i n o th er c o untr ie s s in ce i t i s
im possib le to h elp a ll p eo ple a ro und th e w orld . I c o m ple te ly d is a gre e w ith th is
opin io n.
Fir s tl y , th anks to a d vances i n te chno lo gy, e v ery c o untr y c o uld p ro vid e
in te rn ati o nal a id s e asily a nd q uic kly . I t i s tr u e th at th e m odern m eans o f
tr a nsp orta ti o n n o w ad ays c o uld d eliv er g lo bal a ssis ta nce to e v en th e m ost r e m ote
are as i n th e w orld . T here fo re , th e p ro vis io n o f a ssis ta nce f o r r e sid ents o f a ll
co untr ie s i s n o t a n i m possib le ta sk a nym ore . F or e xam ple , th e i m med ia te
assis ta nce o f m any n ati o ns s a v ed th o usa nd s o f T hai p eo ple f r o m h o m ele ssn ess a nd
sta rv ati o n a s a r e su lt o f th e d ev asta ti n g ts u nam i i n 2 008.
Seco nd ly , th e g o vern m ents o f n ati o ns s h o uld g iv e p rio rity to a llo cati n g m ore
re so urc es to s u p port th e g lo bal c o m munity a s s e rio us p ro ble m s h ap pen. T his i s
due to th e f a ct th at a ssis ti n g c iti z e ns l iv in g i n o th er c o untr ie s i s s y no nym ous w ith
sa v in g p eo ple i n th e h o m e c o untr y . A g o od c ase i n th is p oin t i s i n 2 014, th e U S
and th e U K s e nt h und re d s o f d octo rs a nd n urs e s to A fr ic an c o untr ie s to c o pe w ith
th e o utb re ak o f E bola . A s a r e su lt, th is c harita b le a cti o n n o t o nly s a v ed m any
Afr ic an c iti z e ns f r o m a d re ad fu l p la gue b ut a ls o p re v ente d th e f u rth er s p re ad in g o f
Ebola to o th er n ati o ns.
In c o nclu sio n, w ith w hat I h av e m enti o ned a b ove, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at b esid es
fo cusin g o n th e w ell- b ein g o f th eir p eo ple , g o vern m ents n eed to h av e g lo bal
re sp onsib iliti e s s in ce h elp in g o th er n ati o ns a ls o m eans h elp in g th e r e sid ents l iv in g
in th eir o w n c o untr ie s.
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SA M PL E 1 8
Som e p eople a rg ue t h at t o o m uch a tte ntio n a nd t o o m any r e so urc e s a re g iv en
to t h e p ro te ctio n o f w ild a nim als a nd b ir d s. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e?
It i s a rg ued th at th e c o nse rv ati o n o f w ild a nim als a nd b ir d s h as a ttr a cte d m uch
atte nti o n a nd r e so urc es f r o m th e p ub lic . I s tr o ngly d is a gre e w ith th is o pin io n.
Fir s tl y , th e a tte nti o n th at th e c o m munity h as p aid to w ild life h ab ita ts s e em s to b e
in su ffic ie nt. I t i s u nd enia b le th at th e p ub lic n o w ad ays te nd to b e i n te re ste d i n n ew s
ab out c ele b riti e s a nd m ovie s r a th er th an w ild life p re se rv ati o n. T hus, i n o rd er to
meet th e d em and a nd e xp ecta ti o n o f th e m ajo rity , th e m ass m ed ia g iv es p rio rity to
bro ad casti n g T V p ro gra m mes l ik e r o m anti c f ilm s a nd g am e s h o w s w hic h h av e th e
atte nd ance o f f a m ous p eo ple a nd to i g no re w ild life n ew s. F urth erm ore , th e l a w s
ab out a nim al r ig hts , w hic h h av e b een l o ose ly e nfo rc ed d ue to th e l a ck o f
go vern m ents ’ a tte nti o n, i s a ls o a c o ntr ib uti n g f a cto r to th e e xti n cti o n o f w ild
anim als a nd b ir d s.
Seco nd ly , I b elie v e th at a llo cati n g m ore r e so urc es to p ro te ct w ild h ab ita t i s n o t a
waste o f m oney. O ne r e aso n f o r th is i s th at th e p re se nce o f w ild a nim als a nd b ir d s
make a s ig nific ant c o ntr ib uti o n to a b ala nced e co sy ste m a nd th e b eauty o f n atu ra l
env ir o nm ent. I n f a ct, th ere a re m any to uris ts a ttr a cte d b y e nd angere d s p ecie s a nd
th is c o uld h elp th e c iti z e ns l iv in g n earb y th e w ild life e nv ir o nm ent to e arn m oney
fo r r a is in g th eir f a m ilie s. A no th er r e aso n i s th at p eo ple a re u sin g v ario us
med ic in es w hic h a re u se d to c ure s o m e s e rio us d is e ase s s te m min g f r o m
su b sta nces p ro duced b y w ild a nim als . T here fo re , i f th e a nim als a re g o ne, th ere i s
no c hance f o r h um ans to s tu d y a nd p ro duce v alu ab le m ed ic in es f r o m u s.
In c o nclu sio n, w ith w hat I h av e m enti o ned a b ove, I c o m ple te ly b elie v e th at th e
pub lic s h o uld p ay m ore a tte nti o n a nd a llo cate m ore b ud get to p ro te ct w ild a nim als
due to b enefits th ey b rin g to h um ans’ l iv es.
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SA M PL E 1 9
Alt h ough m ore a nd m ore p eople r e ad n ew s o n t h e in te rn et, n ew sp apers w ill
re m ain t h e m ost im porta nt s o urc e o f n ew s. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s a rg ued th at n ew sp ap ers a re s ti ll th e m ajo r s o urc e o f n ew s a lth o ugh m ore a nd
more p eo ple n o w ad ays p re fe r s u rfin g th e I n te rn et f o r r e ad in g n ew s. I s tr o ngly
dis a gre e w ith th is o pin io n.
It i s tr u e th at n ew sp ap er h as s o m e d ra w backs w hic h c o uld a ffe ct i ts p opula rity .
Fir s tl y , th e p ro cess o f e d iti n g, p rin ti n g a nd d is tr ib uti n g p rin te d e d iti o ns i s ti m e-
co nsu m in g, r e su lti n g i n th e f a ct th at b re akin g n ew s i n th e n ew sp ap ers h as b een o n
th e I n te rn et f o r a w hile . I n f a ct, f o llo w in g o nlin e n ew s c o uld p ro vid e p eo ple w ith
up -to -th e-m in ute n ew s a s i t h ap pens. A s a r e su lt, r e ad ers n o w ad ays te nd to r e ly o n
th e I n te rn et a s th e m ain s o urc e o f n ew s. S eco nd ly , th e c o st i s a ls o a c o ntr ib uti n g
fa cto r to th e f a llin g c ir c ula ti o n o f n ew sp ap ers . T his i s d ue to th e f a ct th at i n th e
eco no m ic d ow ntu rn w ith th e i n cre ase d u nem plo ym ent, p eo ple p re fe r r e ad in g th e
fr e ely a v aila b le n ew sp ap er i n ste ad o f b uyin g p rin te d v ers io n to s a v e th eir m oney.
In m odern ti m es, th anks to th e i n v enti o n o f h i- te ch d ev ic es s u ch a s s m artp ho nes
and ta b le ts , p eo ple c o uld a ccess th e I n te rn et i n o rd er to k eep u p to d ate w ith th e
la te st n ew s a ro und th e w orld i n a f e w s e co nd s. M ore o ver, th e p re se nce o f s o cia l
med ia l ik e F aceb ook a nd I n sta gra m m ig ht h elp u se rs to i n te ra ct w ith th e s o cia l
new s w hile c hatti n g w ith th eir b elo ved o nes. I t i s c o m mon th at m any o nlin e
pub lis h ers th ese d ays ta ke f u ll a d vanta ges o f s o cia l p ages to e nhance th eir p ub lic
im age b y s h arin g o nlin e a rti c le s s te m min g f r o m th eir w eb site s.
In c o nclu sio n, w ith w hat I h av e m enti o ned a b ove, I c o m ple te ly b elie v e th at th e
In te rn et’ s a d vanta ges c o uld s u rp ass th e n ew sp ap er to b eco m e th e m ajo r s o urc e o f
new s.
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SA M PL E 2 0
Bein g a c e le brit y – s u ch a s a f a m ous f ilm s ta r o r s p orts p erso nalit y – b rin g
pro ble m s a s w ell a s b enefit s . D o y ou t h in k t h at b ein g a c e le brit y b rin gs m ore
benefit s o r m ore p ro ble m s?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
In r e cent y ears , th ere h as b een a g ro w in g te nd ency f o r p eo ple to l o ok f o r b ein g
well- k no w n. I n m y o pin io n, th is tr e nd c o uld h av e p ositi v e a nd n egati v e
co nse q uences i n e q ual m easu re .
Bein g a f a m ous p ers o n c an b e s e en a s p ositi v e f o r b oth p ers o nal a nd b ro ad er
so cia l r e aso ns. O n th e i n d iv id ual l e v el, th e a cti v iti e s o n s h o w biz c an b rin g th em a
re p uta ti o n a s w ell a s w ealth . T heir c o vera ge i n th e m ovie s, T V c hannels o r
magazin es h elp s th em e arn a g re at d eal o f m oney. T hese p ers o ns/p eo ple u su ally
te nd to r e ceiv e a h ig her p aym ent th an th o se w ho h av e y et to b e f a m ous. F ro m th e
so cia l p ers p ecti v e, i t i s tr u e th at m ost c ele b riti e s h av e m any g o od q ualiti e s. N o
su ccessfu l p ers o n m akes i t to th e to p w ith o ut y ears o f w ork in g h ard a nd a h ealth y
life sty le . T here fo re , th ey w ill d efin ite ly b e a r o le m odel f o r th o usa nd s o f
yo ungste rs .
How ev er, th e a fo re m enti o ned p ers o nal a nd s o cia l a rg um ents ( g iv en a b ove) c an b e
co nsid ere d f r o m th e o pposite a ngle . F ir s tl y , i n o rd er to s ta y i n p ub lic ’s e ye, m any
cele b riti e s a re w illin g to p ay f o r l u xurio us th in gs th at c o st a n a rm a nd a l e g, s u ch
as c lo th es, c ars a nd s o f o rth . E ven th ere a re s o m e p eo ple w ho g o b ankru p t j u st
because th ey d o n o t c o ntr o l th eir s p end in g, S iu B la ck s in ger a s a n e xam ple .
Seco nd ly , f a m ous p eo ple ’s p riv acy i s v ery /h ig hly v uln era b le . T hey a re a lw ays
fo llo w ed b y p ap ara zzi. T heir s c and als s u ch a s m arita l m arria ge o r r e v ealin g
clo th es w ill i n sta ntl y s p re ad i n th e ta b lo id n ew sp ap ers w hen th ey h av e j u st
hap pened . T his m ig ht a d vers e ly /n egati v ely a ffe ct y o unger g enera ti o ns w hen th ey
usu ally c o nsid er th eir i d ols a s a s o urc e o f i n sp ir a ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, b ein g f a m ous w ill h av e b oth b enefic ia l a nd d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n
in d iv id uals a nd o n th e s o cie ty . T hus, th is i s , i n m y v ie w , s im ulta neo usly
ad vanta geo us a nd d etr im enta l.
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SA M PL E 2 1
Str e ss n ow is a m ajo r p ro ble m in m any c o untr ie s a ro und t h e w orld . W hat a re
so m e o f t h e f a cto rs in m odern s o cie ty t h at c a use t h is s tr e ss, a nd h ow w e c a n
re duce it ?
Str e ss i s b eco m in g a n i n cre asin gly c o m mon p heno m eno n i n o ur m odern s o cie ty .
Peo ple f a ce u p th e p ro ble m s w hic h w e d id n o t c o pe w ith i n th e p ast. T here a re
so m e m ain f a cto rs w hic h l e ad to s tr e ss a nd s o m e p ro pose d s o lu ti o ns w hic h c an
help .
Fir s tl y , th e i s su e o f te rro ris m th at w e a re c o nsta ntl y c o nfr o nte d w ith i n th e m ed ia
is o ne th e m ain f a cto r c ausin g s tr e ss. W heth er i t i s r e al o r n o t, w e a re l e d to
belie v e o ur l iv es a re c o nsta ntl y d anger, w hen w e a re b e f ly in g o n th e p la n o r
tr a v ellin g o n th e p ub lic tr a nsp ort. C lim ate c hange i s a no th er w orry th at e v ery o ne
has to f a ce. T he r is e i n te m pera tu re c o uld r e su lt i n n o t g o od i m pacts o n o ur w ay’s
life a nd o ur c hild re n to o. T here a re a ls o h ealth i s su es to b e c o ncern ed i n th e p ast,
with th e r is e i n A lz h eim er, d ia b ete s, a nd s tr o ke to n arro w b ut f e w . A ll o f th ese
co ncern s c an r e su lt i n s tr e ss.
Tacklin g th is p ro ble m w ill n o t b e e asy b ut th ere a re m easu re s th at c an b e ta ken.
Govern m ent a nd m ed ia c an p la y th eir p art b y e nsu rin g th at i n ste ad o f p ers is te ntl y
bom bard in g w ith n egati v e i m age a nd i n fo rm ati o n a b out th e w orld i n w hic h w e
liv e, w e a re g iv en p ositi v e s to ry to o. D oin g e xerc is e s r e gula rly i s a no th er s o lu ti o n
whic h c an r e le ase s tr e ss f r o m th e e xhauste d c o nd iti o n. B y p ra cti c in g p hysic al
exerc is e , i t c an h elp to b rin g m ore o xygen to y o ur b ra in a nd l u ng; r e la xin g y o ur
min d a nd th e s tr e ss w ill b e r e m oved b y th is w ay.
In c o nclu sio n, s tr e ss i s c o nsid ere d a s a c o m mon p ro ble m i n o ur m odern s o cie ty
cause d b y m any r e aso ns s u ch a s te rro ris m , c lim ate c hange, a nd s tr a nge d is e ase s.
Addre ssin g th e p ro ble m s c o nse q uentl y n eed th e c o ntr ib uti o n f r o m g o vern m ent,
med ia a nd e ach i n d iv id ual f o r p hysic al e xerc is e .
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281

SA M PL E 2 2
Som e u niv ersit ie s n ow o ffe r o nlin e c o urse s o n t h e in te rn et s o t h at p eople c a n
stu dy o nlin e. I s t h is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
Onlin e p ro gra m mes arra nged b y univ ers iti e s are b eco m in g p opula r in m odern
so cie ty . In m y v ie w , I b elie v e th at th is tr e nd is co nsid ere d b enefic ia l to th e
ed ucati o nal s y ste m i n s e v era l a sp ects .
The m ain r e aso ns w hy s tu d yin g o nlin e o n s o m e u niv ers iti e s’ w eb site s i s a p ositi v e
tr e nd is th at s tu d ents a re a b le to o rg aniz e th eir o w n ti m eta b le s w hic h a re m ore
fle xib le th an th at o f tr a d iti o nal c o urs e s. F or i n sta nce, s tu d ents c an w ork p art- ti m e,
engage in s o cia l a cti v iti e s a t d ay a nd s tu d y a t n ig ht. T here fo re , th ey fin is h th eir
bachelo r d egre es w ith o ut m is sin g any re al- life exp erie nce. In ad diti o n, o nlin e
co urs e s f r o m s c ho ols e m pow er p eo ple f r o m th e th ir d w orld c o untr ie s to a p pro ach
modern e d ucati o n. W ith d is ta nce l e arn in g o n th e i n te rn et, p eo ple a ro und th e w orld
will hav e m ore opportu niti e s to culti v ate kno w le d ge fr o m m any pre sti g io us
univ ers iti e s i n th e i n d ustr ia liz e d n ati o ns.
On th e o th er hand , tr a d iti o nal p ro gra m s m ig ht b e o utd ate d in th e age o f fa st-
gro w in g d ev elo pm ent o f te chno lo gy. T he f ir s t d is a d vanta ge i s th at s tu d ents c anno t
re v ie w th e l e ctu re s a nd i t i s i n co nv enie nt a nd u nco m fo rta b le to b e d ep end ent o n a
fix ed ti m eta b le e v ery d ay. S eco nd ly , th e tr a d iti o nal m eth o d is in effic ie nt in te rm s
of fin ance. F or e xam ple , sc ho ols h av e to p ay a c o nsid era b le a m ount o f m oney
le cto rs in c la ss in ste ad o f m akin g v id eo s o nlin e. A no th er d ra w back is th at s o m e
pro fe sso rs h av e to s p end m uch ti m e o n le ctu rin g in c la ss in ste ad o f re se arc hin g
and d oin g p ra cti c al w ork to u p date th eir c o urs e s o n th e w eb site . C onse q uentl y ,
onlin e p ro gra m s a re i n d is p ensa b le m eth o ds i n e d ucati o n.
In c o nclu sio n, th e p ro gre ss o f s tu d yin g u niv ers ity c o urs e s o nlin e i s c o nsid ere d th e
positi v e p heno m eno n a nd it w ill p la y a c ru cia l ro le in th e p ro sp erity o f m odern
ed ucati o nal s y ste m .
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282

SA M PL E 2 3
Child re n w ho gro w up in fa m ilie s w hic h are sh ort of m oney are bette r
pre pare d w it h t h e p ro ble m s o f a dult lif e t h an c h ild re n w ho a re b ro ught u p b y
wealt h y p are nts . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s o n w heth er c hild re n f r o m w ealth y ( fa m ilie s) o r l o w –
in co m e f a m ilie s w ould c o pe b ette r w ith l ife c halle nges. W hile I u nd ers ta nd th at a
mate ria lly ab und ant life m ay o ffe r so m e ad vanta ges, I w ould arg ue th at b ein g
bro ught up in p overty -s tr ic ken fa m ilie s is usu ally m ore b enefic ia l. V ery w ell-
writte n!
On th e one hand , th ere are a varie ty of re aso ns w hy so m e peo ple ad vocate
nurtu rin g c hild re n in c o m fo rta b le e nv ir o nm ents . O ne o f th e e sse nti a l e le m ents is
th at child re n in w ealth y fa m ilie s are und oub te d ly p ro vid ed w ith b ette r liv in g
co nd iti o ns and le arn in g m ate ria ls . W ith th e w id ely av aila b le (re )s o urc es of
in fo rm ati o n, th ese c hild re n a re lik ely to a chie v e b ette r a cad em ic a chie v em ents
th an th eir p oore r p eers . In a d diti o n, c hild re n w ho h av e p ro sp ero us p are nts o fte n
obta in go od-q uality child m in d in g and afte r-s c ho ol child care ; hence, th ey are
allo w ed to fo cus c o m ple te ly o n th eir stu d ie s a nd e njo y o th er e xtr a -c urric ulu m
acti v iti e s.
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at b ein g b ro ught u p in fa m ilie s w hic h a re la ck o f
fin ancia l re so urc es w ould b ette r p re p are c hild re n fo r th eir fu tu re . F ir s tl y , ju nio r
mem bers i n i m poveris h ed f a m ilie s a re u su ally e d ucate d a b out th e v alu e o f m oney
in th eir fo rm ati v e years , as w ell as le arn in g ho w to su p port th eir p are nts in
earn in g m oney. T here fo re , th ey c o uld e ngage i n d iv ers e a cti v iti e s a nd b e e q uip ped
with v ario us life /s o ft s k ills th at m ay b e e xtr e m ely u se fu l in th eir a d ult liv es, s u ch
as co m munic ati o n (s k ills ) o r p ro ble m -s o lv in g sk ills . S eco nd ly , if child re n are
giv en th e c hance to in te ra ct w ith th e re ality fr o m th eir e arly s ta ges in life , th ey
co uld d ev elo p s tr o ng p ers o naliti e s to o verc o m e a d vers ity in th eir a d ulth o od, a nd
th us/th ere b y c o pin g b ette r w ith th e c o m peti ti v e w orld . F or e xam ple , a c hild th at
gre w u p i n a w ork in g-c la ss f a m ily a nd s in ce m y c hild ho od I h av e b een c ulti v ati n g/
culti v ate d v alu ab le v ir tu es o f life lik e re sp onsib ility , e nd ura nce, a nd d ilig ence,
whic h h elp s m e a g re at d eal i n l e ad in g m y a d ult l ife .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile i t i s tr u e th at c hild re n g ro w in g u p i n w ealth y f a m ilie s b enefit
in so m e w ays, th is is b y n o m eans th at th ey c an b e b ette r p re p are d fo r life ’s
challe nges th an c hild re n w ho se c hild ho od s u ffe rs f r o m p overty .
283

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284

SA M PL E 2 4
The s o cie ty w ould b enefit fr o m a b an o n a ll fo rm s o f a dvertis in g b eca use it
se rv es n o u se fu l p urp ose , a nd c a n e ven b e d am agin g. H ow ever, o th ers a rg ue
th at t h ere a re s till s o m e a dvanta ges o f a dverts . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e
your o pin io n?
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at e v ery ty p e o f p ro m oti o n s h o uld b e p ro hib ite d o w in g to i ts
im pra cti c al in te nti o n a nd e v en d etr im enta l e ffe ct o n s o cie ty a s o ppose d to o th ers
who b elie v e th at m ark eti n g s ti ll b rin gs in s o m e g o od o utc o m es. In th e fo llo w in g
para gra p hs, I w ill d is c uss b oth p ositi o ns b efo re d ecla rin g a p ers o nal s ta nce.
To b egin w ith , it is u nq uesti o nab le th at s o m e k in d s o f c o m merc ia l m ig ht n o t b e
benefic ia l and p ro bab ly p ro voke unnecessa ry lo sse s to th e co m munity . T hese
ad verts te nd to c ause c o ntr o vers ie s a m ong m em bers o f th e so cie ty a s w ell a s
unw ante d v io le nce in so m e case s. F or in sta nce, th ere are a num ber o f se xis t
ad verts w hic h e nco ura ge s o m e m ale m em bers to tr e at w om en w ith d is re sp ect a nd
co nte m pt. N ot only do th ese ad verts ra is e sc o rc hin g is su es ab out fe m ale
dis c rim in ati o n, th ey a ls o l e ad to th e i n cre ase i n d om esti c a ggre ssio n.
Desp ite th e a fo re m enti o ned p oin ts , m y p ers o nal p ers p ecti v e is th at so cie ty c an
achie v e m any gain s fr o m m ark eti n g p ro vid ed th at th e co nte nts are th o ro ughly
co nsid ere d b efo re p ub lic iz in g. F ir s t a nd fo re m ost, th ere a re a d verts w hic h s e nd
pro fo und and m eanin gfu l m essa ges to so cie ty su ch as Briti s h ’s Chris tm as
mark eti n g. In sp ite of th e m ain purp ose of th ese ad verts bein g to pro m ote
Chris tm as p ro ducts , th ey a ls o c o nv ey sig nific ant id eas w hic h a re sh arin g lo ve
to w ard s o th ers . S eco nd ly , c o nse rv ati v e o rg aniz a ti o ns o fte n a p pear o n p ub lic ity .
Their f o cus i s r a is in g a w are ness o f p eo ple a b out e nd angere d s p ecie s a nd w arn in g
of n atu ra l h ab ita t d estr u cti o n le ad in g to d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n th e e nv ir o nm ent.
This re su lts in le ss harm fu l su b sta nces em itte d to th e env ir o nm ent cause d b y
in d ustr y c o m panie s d ue to p ro te sts m ad e b y m em bers o f s o cie ty w ith th e a im to
pro te ct a nim als a nd th eir l iv in g h ab ita t.
To c o nclu d e, m y v ie w i s m any k in d s o f m ark eti n g c an b e c o m ple te ly p ro fita b le f o r
so cie ty if only th e co nte nt of th ese ad verts is care fu lly delib era te d befo re
pub lic iz in g.
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285

SA M PL E 2 5
Som e p eople t h at it is b est t o liv e in t h e h oriz onta l c it y w hile o th ers t h in k o f a
vertic a l c it y . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
In te rm s o f a cco m modati o n, m any p eo ple p re fe r to s e ttl e i n a h o riz o nta l c ity w hile
oth ers o pt fo r a v erti c al o ne. A lth o ugh th ere is e v id ence o n th e b enefits o f c iti e s
with lo w b uild in gs, I b elie v e liv in g in o nes w ith h ig h c o nstr u cti o ns is a b ette r
cho ic e.
On th e one hand , th e re aso ns w hy a ho riz o nta l city is vie w ed as a su ita b le
arra ngem ent a re v arie d . F ir s tl y , l o w b uild in gs p ro vid e a cco m modati o n f o r p eo ple
with lo w in co m e. S in ce r e sid ents d o n o t h av e to p ay m uch fo r b uild in g s e rv ic es
su ch a s m ain ta in in g o r re p air in g, th e e xp ense s o f liv in g in se p ara te h o use s a re
more affo rd ab le th an in co rp ora te d ap artm ents . Seco nd ly , liv in g in lo w
co nstr u cti o ns is c o nsid ere d a s a fe o pti o n. W hen e m erg encie s o ccur, th e s u rv iv al
ra te in lo w b uild in gs is a lw ays h ig her a nd th ere is a ls o le ss d am age th an in h ig h
co nstr u cti o ns s in ce it is e asie r to e sc ap e a s w ell a s to b e re sc ued w hen liv in g
clo se to th e g ro und .
On th e o th er h and , i t s e em s to m e th at d w ellin g i n th e c ity w ith s k ysc ra p ers i s th e
best c ho ic e. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at h ig h b uild in gs a lw ays b rin g a b out b ette r l iv in g
co nd iti o ns. They are w ell- d eco ra te d , more modern , more co nv enie nt and
lu xurio us s e rv ic es a re a ls o o ffe re d . F urth erm ore , th ere is a m ulti tu d e o f d iffe re nt
fo rm s o f e nte rta in m ent p ro vid ed in ta ll c o nstr u cti o ns in clu d in g s h o ppin g c ente r,
gam e c ente r, c in em a o r g ym . A no th er a d vanta ge o f s k ysc ra p ers is th at th ere w ill
be m ore sp ace fo r pub lic usa ge ow in g to th e re d ucti o n of la nd s use d fo r
re sid enti a l are as, w hic h re su lts in th e av aila b ility of oth er fa ciliti e s su ch as
ho sp ita ls o r s c ho ols .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile liv in g in a h o riz o nta l c ity a re u nd enia b ly b enefic ia l in s o m e
exte nt, I w ould a rg ue th at th e a d vanta ges o f a v erti c al c ity a re e v en g re ate r, w hic h
makes i t a b ette r p la ce to l iv e.
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SA M PL E 2 6
In te rn atio nal t o uris m is n ow m ore c o m mon t h an e ver b efo re . S om e f e el t h at
th is is a p osit iv e t r e nd, w hile o th ers d o n ot.
What a re y our o pin io ns o n t h is ?
It is tr u e th at no w ad ays tr a nsn ati o nal tr a v el is beco m in g pro gre ssiv ely m ore
affo rd ab le , w hic h h as d riv en th e g ro w th o f to uris m in d ustr y . W hile th ere e xis t
se v era l dra w backs fr o m th e up su rg e in glo bal tr a v els , I belie v e th ey are
outw eig hed b y th e s u b sta nti a l b enefits .
The pote nti a l im pacts of th is tr e nd on in d iv id ual co untr ie s are defin ite . T he
fo re m ost r e p erc ussio n is th at th e e nv ir o nm ent w ould b e e xacerb ate d . T ouris ts a re
more lik ely to litte r in s o m e r e so rts , w hic h m ay c o ntr ib ute to a ir p ollu ti o n, w ate r
co nta m in ati o n a nd la nd d egra d ati o n. T he c o nstr u cti o n o f to uris t a m eniti e s s u ch a s
ho te ls a nd r e sta ura nts a ls o d ep riv e w ild a nim als o f n atu ra l h ab ita ts , w hic h p la ces
th em a t r is k . M ore o ver, d iffe re nces in s o cia l b ackgro und a nd c ultu ra l v alu es m ay
make th e d is c re p ancy o f f o re ig ners a nd l o cals o n s o m e i s su es m ore i n d elib le . F or
exam ple , A ra b ia ns o fte n c o nsid er w este rn ers th eir f o es a nd th eir d iv erg ence s e em
to be in here nt; th ere fo re , th ey m ay sh o w ho sti lity again st vis ito rs fr o m th ese
co untr ie s.
How ev er, th e benefits /v ir tu es/a sse ts fr o m a gro w in g num ber of in te rn ati o nal
to uris ts fa r o utw eig h th e a fo re m enti o ned d em erits /w eak a sp ects . F ir s t o f a ll, b oth
th e lo cals and th e sta te w here glo bal to uris m is popula r are eco no m ic ally
moti v ate d . It opens up opportu niti e s fo r busin ess dev elo pm ent th ro ugho ut th e
world e sp ecia lly to uris m c o m panie s. A lo t o f jo bs w ould b e g enera te d , w hic h
would h elp im pro ve th e liv in g s ta nd ard s o f th e c iti z e ns. T his is m ostl y b enefic ia l
fo r u nd erd ev elo ped c o untr ie s w here p eo ple a re s tr u gglin g to e arn a liv in g. F or
exam ple , T haila nd , a p re v io usly im poveris h ed c o untr y , h as m anaged to a lle v ia te
its p overty b y f o cusin g o n to uris m .
In co nclu sio n, th e co ntr a cti o n in in te rn ati o nal tr a v el has bro ught a w ealth of
sig nific ant benefits to th e nati v es, ra th er th an so m e dra w backs in clu d in g
env ir o nm enta l e ffe cts a nd h o sti le a tti tu d es to w ard s v is ito rs f r o m l o cals .
275 w ord s
287

SA M PL E 2 7
The p erc e nta ge o f o verw eig ht c h ild re n in w este rn s o cie ty h as in cre ase d b y
alm ost 2 0% in t h e la st t e n y ears.
Dis c u ss t h e c a use s a nd e ffe cts o f t h is d is tu rb in g t r e nd.
There is a n a la rm in g in cre ase in o verw eig ht c hild re n in w este rn c o untr ie s in th e
la st te n w ith a h ig h r a te o f 2 0% . T his e ssa y w ill d is c uss th at u nhealth y e ati n g h ab it
is th e m ain c ause o f th e p ro ble m a nd th at le ad s to o ur c hild re n su ffe rin g fr o m
obesity a nd o th er h ealth -re la te d p ro ble m s.
Poor d ie t is th e p rim ary c ause o f o verw eig ht in c hild re n. In th e w este rn w orld
where p are nts a re liv in g a h ecti c life , p re p arin g h ealth y m eals fo r th eir c hild re n
se em s im pra cti c al a s it ta kes m ore ti m e to c o ok a nd it re ally c o sts m ore . T hat
re su lts in th e popula rity of fa st fo od and ju nk fo od in th e so cie ty su ch as
McD onald , K FC a nd P iz za H ut w hic h lo cate a lm ost e v ery c o rn er o f th e s tr e et,
se llin g fo od w ith a h ig h le v el o f tr a ns fa ts a nd s o ft d rin k w ith a g re at a m ount o f
su gar. A cco rd in g to a s tu nnin g r e p ort o f th e C hild ho od O verw eig ht A sso cia ti o n i n
th e U .S , A meric an c hild re n o nly c o nsu m e a b out 1 0% o f th e c alo rie s fr o m fa st
fo od, th e re m ain in g 9 0% o f c alo rie s re m ain in th eir b odie s. G ood b ut th e ta sk
re q uir e s to s h o w c ause s, n o t c ause
Overw eig ht c hild re n o fte n le ad to o besity . C hild re n w ith o besity a re fa cin g a n
ele v ate d ris k o f a b ro ad ra nge o f d is e ase s fr o m b lo od p re ssu re to h eart- re la te d
dis e ase s and ev en m enta l pro ble m s. A cco rd in g to a re p ort pub lis h ed by th e
Nati o nal A cad em y o f H ealth s h o w ed th at o verw eig ht a nd o bese c hild re n a re fo ur
ti m es m ore lik ely to h av e h eart d is e ase th an th eir n o rm al- w eig ht c o unte rp arts .
Furth erm ore , th ey a re o fte n b ullie d b y fr ie nd s a nd s u ffe rin g fr o m s o cia l is o la ti o n
whic h r e su lts i n h ig her l e v els o f s tr e ss h o rm ones, o f s e lf- e ste em a nd o f d ep re ssio n
in th eir c hild ho od. O k, c o ncis e a nd f u lly a cq uir e th e ta sk
To co nclu d e, w este rn co untr ie s exp erie nced th e fa st gro w th in th e num ber o f
overw eig ht c hild re n. P oor d ie t w ith p re d om in ant fa st fo od is th e m ain c ause o f
th is w orry in g tr e nd and it im mense ly im pacts child re n’s physic al and m enta l
health .
313 w ord s
288

SA M PL E 2 8
Som e p eople th in k th at a ll u niv ersit y stu dents sh ould stu dy w hate ver th ey
lik e. O th ers b elie ve th at th ey s h ould o nly b e a llo w ed to s tu dy s u bje cts th at
will b e u se fu l in t h e f u tu re , s u ch a s t h ose r e la te d t o s c ie nce a nd t e ch nolo gy.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Som e p eo ple a rg ue th at s tu d ents s h o uld c ho ose k in d s o f s u b je cts a s th ey p re fe r;
ho w ev er, o th ers b elie v e th at th ey s h o uld s tu d y s u b je cts s u ita b le f o r th eir f u tu re
purp ose . I p ers o nally a gre e w ith th e i d ea o f c ho osin g u se fu l s u b je cts to s u p port
th eir f u tu re .
On th e o ne h and , s tu d ents s h o uld b e a llo w ed to s tu d y w hate v er th ey a re i n te re ste d
in /k een o n f r o m a r a nge o f a cad em ic d is c ip lin es. F ir s tl y , e v ery s in gle s tu d ent h as
diffe re nt s tr o ng p oin ts s o th ey c an s tu d y s u b je cts w hic h a re s u ita b le w ith th eir
chara cte ris ti c s a nd h o bbie s. S om e s tu d ents , f o r e xam ple , a re e asily s e nsiti v e w ith
music a nd s o und o f i n str u m ents s o th at th ey m ay b e g o od a t m usic al p ers p ecti v e.
Additi o nally , i f u niv ers iti e s s e t a f r a m e o f d is c ip lin es, s tu d ents m ay n o t e xp ose a ll
of th eir a b iliti e s a s w ell a s ta le nts . S eco nd ly , th e tu iti o n f e e i s p aid b y s tu d ents s o
th ey s h o uld h av e th e a uth o riti e s to d ecid e w hat th ey w ill s tu d y.
On th e o th er h and , i t s e em s to m e th at c ho osin g u se fu l s u b je cts w ill s u p port y o ung
genera ti o ns m ore . S tu d ents c an r e ach th eir f u tu re ta rg et a s f a st a s p ossib le i f th ey
only s tu d y u se fu l s u b je cts f o r th eir f u tu re . F or i n sta nce, i f s tu d ents w ant to b e a
re se arc her, s o m e s u b je cts r e la te d to s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy s h o uld s u p port th eir
care er. F ro m a p ers o nal p oin t o f v ie w , s tu d yin g a n um ber o f u se fu l s u b je cts w ill
co ver th e g ap o f k no w le d ge a nd o ccup ati o n’s s k ills ; a s a r e su lt, s tu d ents w ith h ig h
qualific ati o n a re m ore l ik ely to f in d a j o b w ith a n e xtr e m ely h ig h s a la ry .
More o ver, c o m panie s o r o rg aniz a ti o ns a lw ays f a v or s o m eo ne w ho i n -d ep th
kno w le d ge i n h is /h er h as c ho se n f ie ld s o th at g ra d uate s tu d ents s h o uld f o cus o n
use fu l s u b je cts to c re ate th eir p rio rity .
In c o nclu sio n, to a c erta in p oin t, I w ould a gre e th at s tu d ents s h o uld s tu d y u se fu l
su b je cts to c o ntr ib ute to th eir s u ccess i n th e f u tu re .
292
word s
289

SA M PL E 2 9
The unlim it e d use of ca rs m ay ca use m any pro ble m s. W hat are th ose
pro ble m s? In o rd er to r e duce th e p ro ble m s, s h ould w e d is c o ura ge p eople to
use c a rs?
Giv e r e aso ns fo r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s fr o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
Cars , no w ad ays, can be co nsid ere d as one of th e m ost co m mon m eans of
tr a nsp orta ti o n in o ur m odern so cie ty th anks to th eir c o nv enie nce, c o m fo rt, a nd
fle xib ility . T he in cre ase in th e u se o f c ars , h o w ev er, m ay le ad to m any s e rio us
pro ble m s f o r o ur l iv in g e nv ir o nm ent a nd h um an h ealth . T he f o llo w in g c o nte nt w ill
go i n to d eta ils a nd p ro pose s o m e p ossib le s o lu ti o ns to th ese p ro ble m s.
The u se o f to o m any c ars c an l e ad to s e rio us tr a ffic c o ngesti o n p ro ble m . T his m ay
re su lt in w asti n g a lo t o f ti m e sp end in g o n c ars a nd e v en lo se e nerg y w ith o ut
cre ati n g any valu e. The dir e co nse q uence is m any oth er acti v iti e s can be
postp oned b y p ro perly o rg aniz in g ti m e. A no th er p ro ble m th at s h o uld b e c o unte d i s
th e e ffe ct o n h um an h ealth . T he e m is sio n a nd fu m e e xhaust fr o m u sin g c ar m ake
our liv in g env ir o nm ent p ollu te d w ith carb on d io xid e gas and o th er p ollu ta nts
whic h c an b e c o nsid ere d a s th e m ost c o m mon fa cto rs c ausin g h ealth p ro ble m s
su ch a s a c o ugh, a s o re th ro at, a nd o ur r e sp ir a ti o n s y ste m .
Dis c o ura gin g p eo ple to u se c ars i s o ne o f th e e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o ns f o r th is i s su e. T he
go vern m ent c an a p ply s o m e r e gula ti o ns w hic h h elp to r e d uce th e n um ber o f c ars
use d b y ap ply hig h ta x and fe e to usin g and re le v ant se rv ic es fo r cars . T he
go vern m ent can enco ura ge peo ple to use pub lic tr a nsp orta ti o ns by doin g
in v estm ent in th e m odern a nd c o m fo rta b le fa cility a nd th en a p ply s u p porte d p ric e
to re sid ents . This w ould help peo ple enjo y tr a v ellin g aro und by pub lic
tr a nsp orta ti o n i n ste ad o f u sin g c ars .
In c o nclu sio n, th e u nlim ite d u sin g c ars c an l e ad to s e rio us p ro ble m s s u ch a s tr a ffic
co ngesti o n and our health . Tacklin g th ese pro ble m s need s th e su p port fr o m
go vern m ent to a p ply a h ig h ta x o f o w in g c ar re gula ti o n a nd in v esti n g in p ub lic
tr a nsp orta ti o n w ith a n a ffo rd ab le p ric e s o th at e nco ura ge p eo ple u sin g th em .
292 w ord s
290

SA M PL E 3 0
Advertis e m ents a re b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore c o m mon in e very day lif e .
Is it a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
In th e co m peti ti o n o f b usin esse s, th e fig ure o f ad verti s e m ents has b een ris in g
co nti n uo usly to e nco ura ge c o nsu m ers to u se th eir p ro ducts a nd se rv ic es. In m y
poin t of vie w , ad verti s in g m anip ula te s custo m er’s cho ic es sig nific antl y in a
dis h o nest w ay. T o s a fe guard b uyers , g o vern m ents s h o uld ta ke r e sp onsib iliti e s fo r
perfo rm in g a d verti s e m ent l a w a s w ell a s r a is in g a w are ness f o r p urc hase rs .
With re gard to ad verti s in g m anip ula ti o n, ad verti s e rs in te nti o nally m ake th eir
ad verts be im peccab le w ith th eir im agin ati o n and fu ncti o ns. Fir s tl y , m any
co m panie s g enera lly m ake th eir c o m merc ia ls lo ok in fr e q uentl y s im ila r to th e r e al
pro ducts b ought b y p urc hase rs . S eco nd ly , a d verti s e rs a tte m pt to h id e h o w b ad
th eir p ro ducts a nd s e rv ic es a re f o r c lie nts . F or i n sta nce, m any n o odle b ra nd s m ake
th eir a d verts b e a ttr a cti v e w ith v ario us s p ic es o r n utr iti o us fo ods s u ch a s s h rim p,
chic ken, a nd e gg. A dvers e ly , th ere is th e o nly n o odle w ith a littl e s p ic e in th eir
pro ducts . M ore o ver, th ey delib era te ly sh o w up th e best asp ects so vie w ers
pro bab ly p ay n o a tte nti o n to th e h arm o f th eir n o odle .
In te rm s o f m easu re s, g o vern m ent p erfo rm s a n e sse nti a l s e rv ic e to p ro te ct c lie nts
fr o m bein g negati v ely in flu enced by ad verti s e m ents . There fo re , th ey sh o uld
in iti a te b y e nfo rc in g a s ta tu te w hic h r e gula te s a d verti s in g a cti v iti e s. S ub se q uentl y ,
th ey h av e to e nsu re a d verti s e rs c o m plia nce w ith th e l a w a s w ell a s g iv e a d eq uate
punis h m ent to vio la ti o n party . Additi o nally , auth o riti e s sh o uld ad m in is te r
necessa ry m easu re s to e nhance k no w le d ge fo r c iti z e ns to b e a w is e c o nsu m er. If
auth o riti e s d o th eir l ia b iliti e s w ell, th e c usto m ers w ill b e p ro te cte d e ffe cti v ely .
Overa ll, i t i s u nd enia b le th at a d verti s e m ents m anip ula te c usto m ers f o r th e s a ke o f
th eir s a le n um bers /a t th e e xp ense o f th eir d is h o nesty . I n o rd er to d ete r c lie nts f r o m
bein g in flu enced b y th em , th e g o vern m ent n eed s to p ay m ore a tte nti o n to e xecute
la w s a nd b ro ad en c iti z e n’s h o riz o n i n th is a re a.
281 w ord s
291

SA M PL E 3 1
It is g enera lly b elie ved th at s o m e p eople a re b orn w it h c e rta in ta le nts , fo r
in sta nce fo r sp ort o r m usic , a nd o th ers a re n ot. H ow ever, it is so m etim es
cla im ed th at a ny ch ild ca n b e ta ught to b eco m e a g ood sp orts p erso n o r
music ia n. D is c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
It is w id ely arg ued th at th ere are in nate ly gifte d m usic ia ns or sp orts m en as
oppose d to o th ers w ho c an n ev er e xcel in s p orts a nd m usic e v en if b ein g tr a in ed
fr o m th e early sta ge of th eir liv es. W hile each vie w has its ow n re aso ns, I
pers o nally b elie v e th at e xcelle nce in s p orts o r m usic r e q uir e s b oth in b orn ta le nts
and s e rio us tr a in in g.
To b egin w ith , th ere a re a c erta in n um ber o f in d iv id uals w ho p osse ss sp ecia l
ta le nts s in ce th ey a re b orn . T hese p eo ple a re e nd ow ed w ith in cre d ib le a b iliti e s
whic h b rin g a b out s ig nific ant a d vanta ges in s p orts a nd a rts . W hile a la ym an m ay
desp era te ly s tr u ggle to c o m pose a s im ple s o ng o r to le arn h o w to s w im , g ifte d
peo ple a re a b le to l e arn to p erfo rm a p arti c ula r s k ill i n a n e xtr e m ely s h o rt a m ount
of ti m e. C onse q uentl y , th ey c o uld p ro duce o uts ta nd in g re su lts in th ese a re as a nd
th e r o ad to v ic to ry w ould b e m ore w id ely o pened to th em th an to n o rm al p eo ple .
How ev er, it is u nq uesti o nab le th at a ny c hild c an b e ta ught to p ra cti c e a rts a nd
sp orts to a c erta in e xte nt. T hat is p erh ap s o ne o f th e r e aso ns w hy a la rg e n um ber
of c o untr ie s m ake th ese d is c ip lin es c o m puls o ry in th eir te achin g c urric ula . W ith
in te nse tr a in in g a nd p ra cti c e, c hild re n w ould b e a llo w ed to d ev elo p th eir a rti s ti c
or s p orts s k ills l a te r i n l ife .
Apart f r o m th e a fo re m enti o ned p oin ts , I w ould a rg ue th at n o g eniu s c an l a st/ c an b e
re ta in ed w ith o ut p ra cti c e. O n th e o ne h and , so m e p eo ple m ay p osse ss sp ecia l
ta le nts s in ce th ey a re b orn . N oneth ele ss, w ith o ut a s u ita b le e nv ir o nm ent o r p ro per
tr a in in g, i t i s l ik ely th at th eir ta le nts w ill r e m ain h id den f o r th e r e st o f th eir l iv es.
On th e o th er h and , p eo ple w ith o ut ta le nts c an o nly le arn to b e p ro fic ie nt b ut n o t
excelle nt, h ence th ey c anno t b e ta ught to b eco m e o uts ta nd in g a rti s ts o r s p orts m en
desp ite p ro fe ssio nal tr a in in g o r r e stl e ss e ffo rt.
In c o nclu sio n, m y v ie w is th at n o t e v ery c hild c an b e tr a in ed to b eco m e e xcelle nt
arti s ts or sp orts m en, but gifte d peo ple als o need tr a in in g and pra cti c e to be
su ccessfu l i n th eir a re as.
328 w ord s
292

SA M PL E 3 2
In a n um ber o f c o untr ie s, s o m e p eople th in k th at it is n ece ssa ry to s p end a
la rg e su m o f m oney o n c o nstr u ctin g n ew ra ilw ay lin es fo r v ery fa st tr a in s
betw een th e c it ie s. O th ers b elie ve th e m oney s h ould b e s p ent o n im pro vin g
exis tin g p ublic t r a nsp ort.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
In m any co untr ie s, peo ple arg ue ab out ho w go vern m ents sh o uld uti liz e th eir
bud gets o n tr a nsp orta ti o n a re as. S om e p eo ple th in k th at g o vern m ents s h o uld i n v est
a h uge a m ount o f m oney fo r c o nstr u cti o n o f n ew r a ilw ay lin es fo r e xp re ss tr a in s
betw een th e c iti e s, w hile o th ers b elie v e th at i m pro vin g e xis ti n g p ub lic tr a nsp ort i s
more im porta nt. In m y o pin io n, g o vern m ents s h o uld p ro porti o nally a llo cate th eir
bud gets f o r b oth p ro je cts a s b oth o f th em a re e q ually i m porta nt to th e d ev elo pm ent
and a d vancem ent o f th e c o untr ie s’ e co no m y a nd p eo ple ’s l iv es.
On th e o ne h and , it is u nd ers ta nd ab le if so m e p eo ple th in k th at p eo ple sh o uld
exp and e xp re ss r a ilw ays b etw een th e c iti e s r a th er th an e xis ti n g p ub lic tr a nsp ort.
Fir s tl y , it is obvio us th at w hen a co untr y has exte nsiv e fa st tr a in netw ork s
co nnecti n g i ts c iti e s, i t w ill p ositi v ely a ffe ct l o gis ti c c o sts a s w ell a s d ra m ati c ally
re d uce d eliv ery ti m es a nd a s a r e su lt, th e p ric e o f m any p ro ducts w ould b e m uch
cheap er. S eco nd ly , th e num ber of passe ngers tr a v el nati o nw id e w ill in cre ase
sig nific antl y d ue to th e c o nv enie nce o f th ese fa st a nd s a fe tr a nsp orta ti o n s y ste m s.
These fa cto rs w ill h elp to b oost th e d ev elo pm ent o f th e n ati o ns, in te rm o f b oth
eco no m y a nd to uris m . F in ally , th e d ev elo pm ent g ap s b etw een th e c iti e s w ill a ls o
be n arro w ed a s m any m anufa ctu re rs m ay r e lo cate th eir f a cto rie s to s a te llite c iti e s
in o rd er to u ti liz e c heap la b our a nd la nd c o sts . H ence, e xp re ss r a ilw ays w ill b e
th e fu tu re of tr a nsp orta ti o n and in v estm ent in it is th e bette r cho ic e of any
go vern m ent.
On th e oth er hand , oth er peo ple belie v e th at it is im porta nt to im pro ve and
main ta in th e e xis ti n g p ub lic tr a nsp ort. W ith th e g o vern m ents ’ in v estm ent in to th e
mass tr a nsp orta ti o n fa ciliti e s, m any outs ta nd in g is su es co uld be su ccessfu lly
so lv ed . F or e xam ple , tr a ffic ja m s w ill b e r e d uced , r e su lti n g in p eo ple s p end le ss
ti m e a nd c o st fo r tr a nsp orta ti o n. In a d diti o n, a s th e p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n s y ste m
beco m es m ore c o nv enie nt a nd s a fe r, it w ill e nco ura ge m ore p eo ple to u se th ese
means o f tr a nsp orta ti o n a nd w ill g ra d ually r e d uce th e n um ber o f p riv ate c ars . A s a
co nse q uence, i t w ill r e d uce tr a ffic c o ngesti o n a nd a ir p ollu ti o n a s w ell.
293

In c o nclu sio n, I p ers o nally b elie v e th at th e g o vern m ents ’ s p end in g o n h ig h-s p eed
ra ilw ay netw ork s and exis ti n g pub lic tr a nsp ort are both esse nti a l to th e
dev elo pm ent o f th e n ati o ns a nd th e e nhancem ent o f p eo ple ’s liv es. W ith o ut o ne
ano th er, th ese d ev elo pm ent a nd e nhancem ent w ill b e i n co m ple te .
330 w ord s
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SA M PL E 3 3
Carin g f o r c h ild re n is im porta nt in a ny s o cie ty . S om e p eople b elie ve t h at a ll
pare nts sh ould b e re quir e d to ta k e c h ild ca re c o urse s, w hile o th ers b elie ve
th at th ere a re o th er w ays fo r p are nts to le arn h ow to ta k e c a re o f th eir
ch ild re n. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
How to lo ok a fte r c hild re n h as b een a h eate d to pic o f c o ncern in m odern s o cie ty .
While s o m e th in k p are nts s h o uld g o to a tte nd p are nti n g c la sse s, I a m fir m o f th e
opin io n th at p are nts a re a b le to le arn h o w to p ro perly ra is e th eir o w n c hild in
se v era l o th er w ays.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re so m e c erta in b enefits fo r p are nts to ta ke c hild care
co urs e s. F ir s tl y , sin ce p are nts a re ta ught b y w ell- tr a in ed e xp erts , th ey a re fu lly
eq uip ped w ith v alu ab le k no w le d ge a nd in fo rm ati o n. B esid es, th ey a ls o h av e th e
opportu niti e s to pra cti c e esse nti a l carin g sk ills su ch as changin g dia p ers or
calm in g th eir b ab ie s d ow n. If p are nts d o n o t ta ke p art in c hild care c o urs e s, th ey
mig ht f in d i t d iffic ult to f a ce th ese s itu ati o ns. S eco nd ly , w hen ta kin g p art i n c o urs e ,
pare nts a ls o h av e a c hance to m eet o th er p are nts . T his c o uld h elp th em e xchange
re alis ti c i n fo rm ati o n a nd g iv e u se fu l a d vic e to e ach o th er.
On th e o th er h and , I str o ngly b elie v e p are nts c an le arn h o w to b rin g u p th eir
child re n fr o m o th er s o urc es. T he fir s t v alu ab le s o urc e is fr o m g ra nd pare nts w ho
alr e ad y h av e m uch p ra cti c al e xp erie nce. It w ould b e e asie r a nd m ore c o nv enie nt
to le arn fr o m th eir lo ved o nes a nyti m e d urin g th e d ay. A dditi o nally , s in ce a no th er
use fu l so urc e is th e In te rn et, p are nts co uld le arn kno w le d ge fr o m w eb site s o r
onlin e books. F or in sta nce, V ie tn am ese pare nts co uld su rf w eb site s su ch as
la m cham e.c o m th at co nta in a re se rv oir of kno w le d ge ab out ra is in g child re n.
Conse q uentl y , pare nts are ab le to hav e access to vario us in fo rm ati o n fr o m
diffe re nt a uth o rs , w hic h h elp s th em c o m pare a nd s e le ct th e m ost s u ita b le m eth o d
fo r th eir c hild re n.
To c o nclu d e, a lth o ugh e nro llin g i n p are nti n g c la ss i s b enefic ia l f o r p are nts to s o m e
exte nt, I w ould a rg ue th at it is a b ette r o pti o n to le arn h o w to ta ke c are o f th eir
child re n f r o m o th er s o urc es.
293 w ord s
295

SA M PL E 3 4
People w ho liv e in f o re ig n c o untr ie s s h ould f o llo w t h e t r a dit io ns a nd c u sto m s.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e.
When e nte rin g o th er c o untr ie s, e xp atr ia te s h av e to th in k th o ro ughly w heth er th ey
sh o uld sti c k to th eir m oth erla nd ’s cultu re o r tr y th eir utm ost to le ad th e sa m e
life sty le s a s th e lo cals . W hile th e a d ju stm ent to n ew c usto m s is o f p ara m ount
im porta nce to th o se p eo ple , I s ti ll b elie v e th eir tr a d iti o nal v alu es s h o uld a ls o b e
main ta in ed .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd ers ta nd ab le w hy s o m e p eo ple s u b sc rib e to th e v ie w th at
im mig ra nts sh o uld c o nfo rm to c ultu ra l n o rm s o f th e c o untr ie s th ey re lo cate in .
Such a d ap ta ti o n w ould h elp th em e asily in te gra te in to n ew so cie ty a s w ell a s
getti n g o n w ell w ith o th er p eo ple i n th e n eig hb orh o od. F or e xam ple , a p ers o n w ho
co m plie s w ith tr a d iti o nal co ncep ts of ano th er co untr y w ould su ccessfu lly
assim ila te in to th e c o m munity , m akin g g o od im pre ssio ns o n h is o r h er n eig hb ors .
By c o ntr a st, i f h e o r s h e d oes n o t f o llo w b asic l o cal r u le s, i t i s m ore l ik ely th at th e
pers o n w ill r e ceiv e n eglig ence f r o m th e o th ers o r f e els a s e nse o f i s o la ti o n.
On th e o th er h and , e xp atr ia te s s h o uld a ls o p re se rv e th eir c ultu ra l p ra cti c es w hic h
are im prin te d p ro fo und ly in th eir m in d . T hese s e ts o f b elie fs a nd b ehav io rs a re
ta ught to th em fo r a n e xte nd ed p erio d o f ti m e sin ce th eir b ir th ; th ere fo re , it is
diffic ult fo r th o se to change so m e certa in atti tu d es. For in sta nce, w hen a
Vie tn am ese fa m ily m oves to th e U S, th ey w ill fin d s e x d is c ussio n in th e p ub lic
in ap pro pria te a nd e m barra ssin g b ecause s u ch to pic s s h o uld b e s h are d p riv ate ly .
More o ver, s e v era l c o nv enti o nal v alu es c an d is a p pear i f i ts n ati v es a re e xp ose d to
fo re ig n c ultu re s o n d aily b asis . T his c an p ote nti a lly le ad to th e lo ss o f c ultu ra l
id enti ty a m ong c erta in g ro up s.
In co nclu sio n, w hile it is hig hly b enefic ia l fo r p eo ple to liv e in harm onio us
allia nce w ith th e lo cals , th ey sh o uld als o fo llo w th eir ow n lo ng-s ta nd in g
co nv enti o ns.
289 w ord s
296

SA M PL E 3 5
Advance s in te ch nolo gy a nd a uto m atio n h ave re duce d th e n eed fo r m anual
la bour. ( o pin io n) T here fo re , w ork in g h ours s h ould b e r e duce d.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
The outs ta nd in g dev elo pm ent in te chno lo gy and auto m ati o n hav e cre ate d a
sig nific ant so cia l re v olu ti o n, m oved so m e in d ustr ie s a w ay fr o m la b or-in te nsiv e
sta tu s. H ence, th e d em and f o r m anual l a b or i s d ecre asin g, l e ad in g to th e c utb ack o f
work in g h o urs . W hile I a ccep t th at r e d ucin g w ork in g h o urs is q uite r e aso nab le , I
belie v e th at th is m ay l e ad to s o m e m atte rs o f e m plo ym ent.
On th e one hand , th e te chno lo gic al ad vances and co m pute riz a ti o n enab le
em plo yees to d o m ore w ork s/ a cco m plis h m ore ta sk s a nd e nhance p ro ducti v ity .
As a re su lt, th ey c re ate m ore v alu e p er h o ur c o m pare d to th e p ast a nd p erfo rm
work e ffic ie ntl y . F or e xam ple , in th e p ast, w ork ers h ad to w ork m anually in 1 6
ho urs p er d ay to m ain ta in p ro ducti o n e ffic ie ncy. H ow ev er, n o w ad ays, th is is n o
lo nger th e c ase th anks to th e m achin ery a d vances. R ed ucin g w ork in g h o urs s e em s
lo gic al to m e b ecause it h elp s e m plo yees to h av e m ore fr e e ti m e to s p end w ith
th eir f a m ily to e sta b lis h a h ealth y p ro fe ssio nal a nd p ers o nal l ife b ala nce.
On th e o th er h and , s h o rte r w ork in g ti m e m ay h av e lo ng-te rm c o ncern ed im pacts .
Few er w ork in g ti m e w ould p re su m ab ly m ean le ss in co m e w hic h m ay re su lt in
fe elin gs o f a nxie ty o r fr u str a ti o n a nd h av e s id e-e ffe ct fo r s o cie ty a s a w ho le . F or
in sta nce, a lo ng w ith th e d ev elo pm ent o f a uto m ati o n te chno lo gy, th e c le anin g s ta ff
is lik ely to b e th en r e p la ced b y a n a uto m ati c c le anin g s y ste m a nd th is m ay c ause
th ese p eo ple to b e u nem plo yed .
In c o nclu sio n, it is c erta in ly tr u e th at th e c utb ack o f w ork in g h o urs sh o uld b e
im ple m ente d d ue to ad vances in m echaniz a ti o n b ut th is m ay im pact o n so m e
em plo yees i n th e l o ng-te rm e m plo ym ent m ark et.
257 w ord s
297

SA M PL E 3 6
In s o m e c o untr ie s, a n in cre asin g n um ber o f p eople a re s u ffe rin g f r o m h ealt h
pro ble m s a s a r e su lt o f e atin g t o o m uch f a st f o od. I t is , t h ere fo re , n ece ssa ry
fo r g overn m ents t o im pose a h ig her t a x o n t h is k in d o f f o od. T o w hat e xte nt
do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
Peo ple te nd to s p end m uch ti m e a t w ork a nd h av e littl e ti m e to c o m e h o m e fo r a
pro per m eal w ith th eir f a m ilie s. F ast f o ods a p pear i d eal f o r th em to m ain ta in th eir
energ y to k eep o n w ork in g th ro ugh th ese a re n o t tr u ly h ealth y f o ods. S om e p eo ple
belie v e th at g o vern m ent s h o uld re gula te th is fo od in d ustr y b y im posin g a h ig her
ta x o n th e b usin ess o n th is ty p e o f fo od in o rd er to re str ic t its p ote nti a l h arm .
How ev er, I a b so lu te ly d is a gre e w ith th is o pin io n.
To s ta rt w ith , fa st fo od c o uld n o t c o m ple te ly b e c o nsid ere d a s d ru g o r to bacco .
The r e aso n f o r th is i s b ecause th e l a tte r i s u se d f o r l e is u re a nd th ey th em se lv es a re
th e p ro ducts th at can m ake th e use rs end up b eco m in g ad dic ti v e. M eanw hile ,
peo ple h av e f a st f o ods b ecause th ey d o n o t h av e e no ugh ti m e to p re p are a l u nch o r
din ner i n th eir o w n k itc hens. T hey a re a ll l ik ely to h av e o th er c ho ic es o f w hat a nd
where to e at p ro vid ed th at th ey c o uld h elp th em to s a v e ti m e.
Seco nd , fa st fo od o r ju nk fo ods are co nsid ere d unhealth y d ue to th e w ays to
pro cess th em . In ste ad of im posin g a hig her ta x on th e outl e t ow ners , th e
go vern m ent s h o uld h av e p ro gra m mes th at e nco ura ge p ro ducers a nd c o oks to a lte r
th eir m eth o ds o f c o okin g. F or e xam ple , th e fr y in g p ro cess c o uld b e re p la ced b y
ste am in g. M ore v egeta b le o r fr u its c o uld b e a d ded to th e fo od ite m s s o th at th ey
beco m e m ore n utr iti o us. T his s o lu ti o n m ig ht ta ke m uch ti m e to b e i m ple m ente d b ut
it i s n o t q uite i m possib le .
The f in al w ay f o r th e g o vern m ent to ta ckle th e i s su e c o uld b e th at th ey s h o uld h av e
more c am paig n to b oost c iti z e ns to e xerc is e . C ard io vasc ula r, o bese o r d ia b ete s
co uld b e o f g eneti c o r a ge o r o th er r e aso ns a p art fr o m m ere ly h av in g ju nk fo ods.
Only w hen p eo ple w ork o ut re gula rly a re th ey a b le to p re v ent e v ita b le h ealth
pro ble m s. M y c o usin w ho e ats h am burg ers , s p aghetti a nd p iz za s v ir tu ally e v ery
oth er d ay is n o t o nly fin e in h eath b ut a ls o in b ody s h ap e ju st b ecause h e p la ys
bad m in to n th re e ti m es a w eek.
In c o nclu sio n, a c erta in le gal a cti o n is ta ken b y th e g o vern m ent to m iti g ate p ub lic
opin io n o n fa st fo ods is d ese rv ed ly ap pla ud ed . I th in k, ho w ev er, im posin g a
hig her ta x on fa st- fo od pro ducers and outl e t ow ners co uld no t be th e m ost
298

re aso nab le w ay to b e e ngaged .
328 w ord s
299

SA M PL E 3 7
Pris o n is th e c o m mon w ay in m ost c o untr ie s to s o lv e th e p ro ble m o f c rim e.
How ever, a m ore e ffe ctiv e s o lu tio n is to p ro vid e p eople a b ette r e duca tio n.
Do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It is o bvio us th at th e p opula rity o f p ris o n s e nte nces a cts a s a n im porta nt w ay to
co ntr o l i lle gal a cti o ns, w hile th e i m pro vem ents i n e d ucati o n h av e b een c o nsid ere d
as a m eans to e lim in ate th e c rim e p ro ble m s f r o m i ts r o ot. I n m y o pin io n, I s tr o ngly
belie v e th at b oth a p pro aches a re n ecessa ry to ta ckle th e i s su e o f o ffe nce.
On th e one hand , th ere are se v era l re aso ns w hy im pris o nm ent polic y is of
in d is p ensa b le n ecessity fo r c iti z e ns’ s a fe ty . F ir s tl y , p ris o ns a re th e p la ce to k eep
peo ple w ho h av e b ro ken th e la w , w hic h e nsu re s so cia l se curity . E sp ecia lly , in
te rm s o f o rg aniz e d a nd p re m ed ita te d c rim es, c o ld -b lo oded m urd ere rs a nd s e ria l
ra p is ts hav e to be im pris o ned fo r th eir hein o us acti o ns. F urth erm ore , se v ere
pris o n s e nte nces c an a ct a s a d ete rre nt a gain st o ffe nces. U nd ers ta nd in g d eep ly o f
co nse q uences o f c o m mitti n g c rim es s u ch a s g etti n g c aught o r c o nd em ned to ja il,
whic h a ls o m eans lo sin g fr e ed om a nd liv in g a m is e ra b le life in a c ell, o nes w ho
are h av in g th e in te nti o n o f o ffe nd in g ille galiti e s w ould r e co nsid er w hat is r e ally
worth y to d o.
On th e oth er hand , ed ucati o n se rv es as a re m ed y fo r th e orig in of crim es.
Educati o n c o ntr ib ute s g re atl y to r a is e p eo ple ’s b oth a w are ness a nd i n te lle ct a nd to
fo rm a c iv iliz e d s o cie ty . W ith fu ll a ccess to a b ette r e d ucati o nal s y ste m , c iti z e ns
would b e w ell- in fo rm ed ab out th e d am ages th at crim es w ould cause to th eir
co m munity a nd th em se lv es, w hic h e v entu ally le ad s to th e d ecre ase in c rim e r a te .
Additi o nally , p eo ple a rm ed w ith p ro fe ssio nal o r v ocati o nal q ualific ati o ns th ro ugh
fu nd am enta l e d ucati o n c o uld s e cure th eir l iv es b ecause i t m ig ht b e m uch e asie r f o r
th em to f in d a j o b w ith a s ta b le s a la ry . A s a r e su lt, th is w ould d is p el a ny i d eas o f
bre akin g th e l a w .
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at th ere is n o a b so lu te s o lu ti o n to th e q uesti o n w heth er
pris o n se nte nces or w ell- ro und ed ed ucati o n w ould ta ke th e dom in ant ro le in
dealin g w ith c rim es a s th ey b oth ta ckle th e p ro ble m i n d iffe re nt w ays.
309 w ord s
300

SA M PL E 3 8
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at s tu dyin g a t a u niv ersit y o r c o lle ge is t h e b est r o ute
to a su cce ssfu l ca re er, w hile o th ers b elie ve th at it is b ette r to g et a jo b
str a ig ht a fte r s c h ool.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s.
Afte r g ra d uati n g f r o m h ig h s c ho ol, s tu d ents h av e to c ho ose b etw een s e ekin g a j o b
and p urs u in g h ig her e d ucati o n. S om e p eo ple th in k th at c o nti n uin g to stu d y a t a
univ ers ity o r c o lle ge is th e b est w ay to d ev elo p th e c are er p ath , w here as th e
opponents s u p pose th at g etti n g s tr a ig ht to w ork i s m ore b enefic ia l.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l b enefits to s ta rt w ork in g e arly . F ir s tl y , if th e
yo ung h av e a jo b im med ia te ly a fte r le av in g h ig h s c ho ol, th ey w ill b e a b le to e arn
money and fin ancia lly su p port th em se lv es. S ub se q uentl y , th ey beco m e m atu re
eno ugh to liv e in d ep end entl y a nd d o w hat th ey w ant w ith o ut b ein g in flu enced b y
th eir pare nts or oth ers . Seco nd ly , work in g env ir o nm ent pro vid es gre at
opportu niti e s fo r th e stu d ents to gain valu ab le exp erie nce and sk ills , w hic h
co nsid era b ly co ntr ib ute to th eir fu tu re su ccess. F in ally , gra d ually ta kin g early
ste p s i n p ro fe ssio nal d ev elo pm ent m ay l e ad y o ung p eo ple to th eir s ta b le l iv es. F or
exam ple , s c ho ol l e av ers w ho w ork h ard to g et p ro m oti o ns a nd w ork th eir w ay u p
to th e c are er l a d der a re m ore l ik ely to a ffo rd a h o use , s e ttl e d ow n a nd b uild th eir
ow n f a m ily v ery s o on.
On th e oth er hand , it is im porta nt to ap pro ach hig her-le v el ed ucati o n afte r
fin is h in g h ig h s c ho ol p ro gra m me. F ir s t, th ere is a w id e d iv ers ity o f jo bs in th e
modern life and m any o f th em re q uir e acad em ic q ualific ati o ns, w hic h can b e
obta in ed in th e sc ho la sti c env ir o nm ent only . In ad diti o n, th e jo b m ark et has
beco m e m ore a nd m ore c o m peti ti v e a nd b ig e m plo yers te nd to s e arc h fo r h ig hly
qualifie d cand id ate s fo r jo b p ositi o ns in th eir co m panie s. A s a re su lt, p eo ple
gra d uate d fr o m u niv ers ity o r c o lle ge w ill h av e g re ate r c hances to b e s e le cte d b y
hig h-ra nkin g r e cru ite rs . S uch a d vanta ge e nab le s th em to w ork f o r b ig c o rp ora ti o ns
whic h o ffe r h ig her s a la ry l e v el a s w ell a s e xtr e m ely s a ti s fy in g p erk s.
In c o nclu sio n, it se em s e v id ent th at b oth c ho osin g to w ork a fte r fin is h in g h ig h
sc ho ol a nd s e ekin g f u rth er s tu d y e ach h av e th eir o w n u niq ue a d vanta ges.
313 w ord s
301

SA M PL E 3 9
Som e p eople b elie ve th e g overn m ent sh ould sp end m oney o n b uild in g tr a in
and s u bw ay lin es t o r e duce t r a ffic c o ngestio n. O th ers t h in k t h at b uild in g m ore
and w id er r o ads is t h e b ette r w ay t o r e duce t r a ffic c o ngestio n. D is c u ss b oth
vie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
To ease tr a ffic co ngesti o n, w heth er th e exp end itu re sh o uld be sp ent on
co nstr u cti n g ra ilw ay and su b w ay netw ork s to enhance th e effic ie ncy of ro ad
sy ste m s r e m ain s a s o urc e o f c o ntr o vers y. H ow ev er, I w ould p ers o nally s ta nd w ith
th is s o lu ti o n i n ste ad o f e xp and in g th e e xis ti n g r o ad s.
On th e o ne h and , th e a uth o rity s h o uld i m pro ve r o ad s y ste m s b y b uild in g m ore a nd
bro ad er r o ad s i n o rd er to d eal w ith tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. F ir s tl y , s in ce c ars a re l ik ely
to b e th e m ost v ia b le m ean o f d aily tr a nsp ort, ro ad s s h o uld b e a b le to b ear th e
in cre asin g num ber of cars . The m ore cars are use d , th e w ors e co ngesti o n
pro ble m s a re . B ecause o f th is , th ere i s n o d oub t th at i m pro vin g th e r o ad s y ste m i s
an o bvio us w ay to s o lv e th e is su e. In a d diti o n, it w ould b e m ore c o nv enie nt fo r
co m mute rs to tr a v el b y r o ad s b ecause th ey a re d ir e ctl y c o nnecte d to d esti n ati o ns
with o ut s to ppin g a t a ny s ta ti o n.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at b uild in g tr a in a nd s u b w ay s y ste m s a re th e
bette r m eth o ds to c o pe w ith tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. F ir s tl y , th e fa ct th at c o m mute rs
usin g p ers o nal c ars o fte n tr a v el a lo ne le ad s to in effic ie nt u se o f c ar a nd ro ad
sp ace, where as ju st one tr a in is ab le to carry hund re d s of passe ngers
sim ulta neo usly . A ppare ntl y , tr a in a nd s u b w ay n etw ork s w ould c o ntr ib ute to s a v in g
more tr a ffic s p ace th us re d ucin g tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. M ore o ver, th ere is n o d oub t
th at tr a v ellin g b y p ub lic tr a nsp ort s y ste m s u ch a s tr a in a nd s u b w ay lin es w ould
help p ro te ct th e e nv ir o nm ent s in ce th o se m eans o f tr a nsp ort e m it m uch l e ss c arb on
dio xid e th an c ars .
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould re sta te th at if g o vern m ent p rio riti z e s b uild in g tr a in a nd
su b w ay lin es in ste ad o f c o nstr u cti n g m ore a nd w id er ro ad s, tr a ffic c o ngesti o n
would b e r e d uced m ore e ffic ie ntl y .
277 w ord s
302

SA M PL E 4 0
Nucle ar energ y is bette r th an oth er energ y re so urc e s in m eetin g ever-
in cre asin g n eeds o f t h e g lo be. T o w hat e xte nd t o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e r o le o f n ucle ar p ow er s ta ti o ns i n s u p ply in g
th e energ y fo r th e gro w in g d em and s o f th e w ho le w orld . W hile I am to ta lly
co nv in ced ab out th e im porta nce of nucle ar energ y, I am again st th e
vie w poin t/ a d vocate th at th is s o urc e o f e nerg y is fa r a d vanta ges th an o th er e nerg y
re so urc es.
On th e o ne h and , I u nd ers ta nd w hy m any p eo ple p re fe r b uild in g m ore a nd m ore
nucle ar p ow er s ta ti o ns to s u p ply th e h um an e nerg y n eed s. It is c le ar th at n ucle ar
pow er is a su sta in ab le energ y re so urc e. It can b e use d to p ro duce ele ctr ic ity
with o ut w asti n g n atu ra l r e so urc es s u ch a s c o al, o il o r g as. M ore o ver, th ese n atu ra l
re so urc es a re r u nnin g o ut d ue to th e h ig her d em and s o f h um ans. A s a r e su lt, m any
peo ple co nsid er nucle ar pow er bein g a fu tu re energ y fo r th e ad vanced
dev elo pm ents of hum ans. A no th er re aso n is th at nucle ar pow er sta ti o ns are
cle aner th an fo ssil fu el p ow er sta ti o ns. B y u sin g th e n ucle ar re so urc e, w e c an
re d uce c arb on e m is sio ns th at c ause g lo bal w arm in g.
On th e o th er h an d , n ucle ar p ow er h as i ts d is a d vanta ges, w hic h m ake i t i m possib le
to r e p la ce to ta lly o th er e nerg y r e so urc es. T he m ost o bvio us c o ncern is th e s a fe ty
of build in g nucle ar pow er sta ti o ns. O pera ti n g nucle ar m anufa cto rie s re q uir e s
eno rm ous ad vanced te chno lo gie s and str ic t pro ced ure s to ensu re no le akin g
ra d io acti v e m ate ria l. If a s m all in cid ent h ap pened , it w ould c ause a tr e m end ous
tr a ged y. F or in sta nce, se v era l years ago , th ere w as a p ro ble m o ccurrin g in a
nucle ar p la nt in J a p an. T his in cid ent d am aged th e liv es o f th o usa nd p eo ple a nd
su rro und in g a re as. T his p ro ble m m akes p eo ple c o ncern o f liv in g n earb y n ucle ar
pow er s ta ti o ns a nd q uesti o n a b out th e s a fe ty o f n ucle ar re so urc e in c o m paris o n
with s o la r, w in d o r w ate r p ow er.
In co nclu sio n, alth o ugh nucle ar pow er pla ys a sig nific ant ro le , th is re so urc e
sh o uld be use d alo ng w ith oth er fo rm s of energ y to pro vid e su sta in ab le
dev elo pm ents f o r h um ans.
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SA M PL E 4 1
The w id esp re ad u se o f th e In te rn et g iv es p eople m ore fr e edom a t h om e
in ste ad o f g oin g t o w ork o r c o lle ge. D o y ou t h in k it s a dvanta ges o utw eig h t h e
dis a dvanta ges?
The r e cent c o m pute r d ev elo pm ent h as r e su lte d i n th e b urg eo nin g n um ber o f p eo ple
work in g at ho m e and stu d ents le arn in g th ro ugh th e In te rn et. T his is d efin ite ly
positi v e i n s o m e p arti c ula r a sp ects .
The e nhancem ent o f te chno lo gy c an b e c o nsid ere d a s a n e ffe cti v e m easu re to d eal
with th e la ck o f e m plo ym ent. It is a d riv in g fo rc e fo r p eo ple to o pera te th eir o w n
busin esse s o nlin e w hic h c an g enera te a la rg er in co m e. F or e xam ple , V ie tn am ese
peo ple a re w itn essin g a d ra m ati c ally g ro w in g n um ber o f o nlin e s a le s p ages s u ch
as T ik i o r L aza d a w hic h e arn te le p ho ne f ig ure p ro fits p er y ear. T his i m pro vem ent
le ad s us to a dis ti n cti v ely new era of eco no m ic s/m ark et in w hic h hig hly
unem plo ym ent i n cid ence i s n o l o nger a to ugh a nd u rg ent p ro ble m f o r g o vern m ents .
There fo re , th e d ev elo pm ent o f co m pute r te chno lo gy is fo r su re necessa ry and
benefic ia l f r o m th is p oin t o f v ie w .
This afo re m enti o ned d ev elo pm ent als o fo ste rs th e se lf- le arn in g co m pete nce o f
und erg ra d uate s. F ir s tl y , peo ple no w are gra nte d access to a huge sto ra ge of
re w ard in g k no w le d ge w hic h is e sp ecia lly h elp fu l a nd r e le v ant to th eir s tu d ie s a t
sc ho ol. W ik ip ed ia , fo r a p rim e e xam ple , is u se d fo r re se arc hin g in fo rm ati o n in
su ch te rm s o f h is to ry , g eo gra p hy o r c hem is tr y b y a v ast n um ber o f s tu d ents a ro und
th e w orld . S eco nd ly , s o cia l n etw ork s s u ch a s F aceb ook a nd In sta gra m w hic h a re
an a d vance o f te chno lo gy i n r e cent y ears h av e e m pow ere d s tu d en ts to c o nta ct w ith
each o th er a nd to geth er c o pe w ith h ard e xerc is e s re gard le ss o f th e g eo gra p hic
ad vers iti e s. In th is w ay o f le arn in g, s tu d ents h av e g o ld en o pportu niti e s to b oost
th eir p ers o nal te am w ork c ap acity . T here fo re , th e l a ck o f te achers i s n o l o nger a n
im porta nt i s su e.
In co nclu sio n, fr o m av aila b le ju sti fic ati o ns, th is essa y fu rth er re in fo rc es th e
auth o r’s p ers o nal a d vocate fo r th e in cre asin g/r is in g m erit o f te chno lo gy to b oth
ed ucati o n a nd th e w ork in g e nv ir o nm ent in re cent y ears . H ow ev er, it h as to b e
co nced ed th at th e l im ite d a sp ects o f th e w id e a p plic ati o n o f te chno lo gy s h o uld b e
ta ken i n to c are fu l a cco unt to p re v ent a ny p ossib le u nd esir a b le c o nse q uence.
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SA M PL E 4 2
The s u bje cts a nd le sso n c o nte nts a re d ecid ed b y th e a uth orit ie s s u ch a s th e
govern m ent. S om e p eople a rg ue t h at t e ach ers s h ould m ak e t h e c h oic e . W hat
are t h e p ro s a nd c o ns o f e ach m eth od, g iv e s o m e s o lu tio ns?
It is w id ely a rg ued th at te achers s h o uld ta ke th e le ad in d ecid in g th e d is c ip lin es
and l e sso n c o nte nt i n l ie u o f th e g o vern m ent. E ach o pti o n h as v ario us b enefits a nd
dra w backs, a nd s te p s c an b e ta ken to ta ckle th e p ro ble m .
There a re s e v era l r e aso ns f o r th e a uth o rita ti v e b odie s to ta ke c o ntr o l o f th e s c ho ol
curric ulu m . F ir s tl y , th e e d ucati o n s y ste m o f th e w ho le r e gio n o r c o untr y c o uld b e
sta nd ard iz e d co nsis te ntl y . W hen th e go vern m ent desig ns sy lla b us/c o urs e of
stu d ie s, th ey c an m onito r a nd a ud it th e n ati o n’s te achin g q uality u nco m plic ate d ly .
Seco nd ly , b y c entr a liz in g th e te xtb ook c o m pila ti o n p ro cess, th e g o vern m ent c an
su p port to re lie v e th is b urd en fr o m s c ho ols a nd te achers . In th is c ase , te achers
will b e e nab le d to p rim arily fo cus o n d eliv erin g le sso ns/a cad em ic k no w le d ge o f
best q uality . H ow ev er, it m ay b e m ore b enefic ia l fo r stu d ents if te achers are
allo w ed to c ho ose w hat to te ach. O ne re aso n is th at te achers a re th e o nes w ho
und ers ta nd th eir s tu d ents ’ n eed s a nd i n te re sts , h ence th ey w ould c o m e u p w ith th e
most su ita b le te achin g a p pro aches. A no th er re aso n is th at stu d ents in d iffe re nt
so cia l gro up s, eth nic s or re gio ns would und oub te d ly posse ss vario us
chara cte ris ti c s. T here fo re , it w ould b e in effe cti v e to a p ply o ne s in gle c urric ulu m
to a ll s tu d ents n ati o nw id e a s a w ho le .
How ev er, se v era l m easu re s c o uld b e ta ken b y th e g o vern m ent a nd e d ucati o nal
in sti tu ti o ns to ta ckle th is i s su e. O ne s im ple s o lu ti o n w ould b e a c o m bin ed te achin g
pro gra m w ith th e c o m puls o ry s u b je cts d esig ned b y th e g o vern m ent in a cco m pany
with se v era l o pti o nal d is c ip lin es d ecid ed b y te achers . In a d diti o n, in o rd er to
hav e/o ffe r fle xib le curric ulu m s th at are ap plic ab le to stu d ents fr o m diffe re nt
backgro und s a nd g eo gra p hic a re as, te achers s h o uld b e e nco ura ged to re v is e a nd
co m ple m ent th e le sso n c o nte nt to a c erta in e xte nt. T his d oes n o t o nly g enera te
more in te re sts to in th e s tu d ents b ut c an a ls o h elp to k eep th e c urric ulu m u p to
date .
In co nclu sio n, it is cle ar th at each m eth o d has a num ber of ad vanta ges and
dis a d vanta ges, a nd s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e m ad e to p ro pose a n a p pro pria te d ecis io n.
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SA M PL E 4 3
It is s u ggeste d t h at e very one w ants t o h ave a c a r, a t e le vis io n a nd a f r id ge.
Do th e dis a dvanta ges of th is develo pm ent fo r so cie ty outw eig h th e
advanta ges?
Now ad ays, m ost p eo ple w ould l ik e to h av e a c ar, a te le v is io n a nd a f r id ge. W hile
so m e p eo ple b elie v e th is i s a p ositi v e d ev elo pm ent, I w ould a gre e w ith th o se w ho
th in k th is tr e nd b rin gs m ore d is a d vanta ges th an a d vanta ges.
On th e o ne h and , it is u nd enia b le th at th o se p ie ces o f e q uip m ent a re b enefic ia l in
certa in w ays. Fir s tl y , th ey m ake hum ans’ life m ore co nv enie nt. To be m ore
pre cis e , w hile fr id ges pro vid e a fa v oura b le env ir o nm ent to keep fo od fr e sh
lo nger, te le v is io ns e nte rta in p eo ple th ro ugh v ario us p ro gra m mes su ch a s film s,
varie ty sh o w s, and cars w hic h are arm ed w ith vario us fa ciliti e s su ch as
co m fo rta b le s e ats , C D p la yers c o ntr ib ute to e nhancin g tr a v el e xp erie nce o f th eir
use rs . Seco nd ly , peo ple m ig ht be m oti v ate d to w ork hard er to affo rd th o se
ad vanced te chno lo gie s s o th at th e p ro ducti v ity w ill b e b ooste d ; th us, th e e co no m y
will a ls o b e i m pro ved .
On th e o ne h and , I w ould a rg ue th at th e d ra w backs o f th is tr e nd o utw eig h th e
benefits . T he m ain re aso n is th at th is m ig ht le ad to a s e d enta ry life sty le , w here
peo ple g ra d ually tu rn in to c o uch p ota to es, sp end in g m ost o f th eir le is u re ti m e
ly in g in fr o nt o f T V ’s s c re en w hile e ati n g s n acks fr o m th e fr id ge. A lth o ugh th o se
hab its m ig ht r e lie v e a d ults s tr e ss, p eo ple h av in g th is u nhealth y w ay o f l iv in g a re a t
hig h ris k o f su ffe rin g fr o m su ch d angero us d is e ase s as heart atta ck, d ia b ete s.
More o ver, i f h um ans r e ly o n c ars to o m uch, th e c arb on f o otp rin t p ro duced b y c ars
will s o ar. A ppare ntl y , th e m ore c ars a re u se d , th e m ore s e v ere a ir p ollu ti o n i s . T o
su m u p , th e d ep end ence o n c ars , fr id ges, a nd te le v is io ns m ig ht b e d etr im enta l fo r
no t o nly h um ans’ h ealth b ut a ls o th e e nv ir o nm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould r e sta te th at a lth o ugh th o se p ie ces o f e q uip m ent h av e s o m e
benefits , i t w ould n o t b e d is c ern in g to th e d esir e f o r th em .
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SA M PL E 4 4
Many em plo yees m ay w ork at hom e w it h th e m odern te ch nolo gy. S om e
people c la im th at it c a n b enefit o nly th e w ork ers, n ot th e e m plo yers. Is it a
negativ e o r p osit iv e d evelo pm ent?
In th e m odern w orld , w ith th e help of te chno lo gy ad vancem ent, th ere is an
in cre asin g n um ber o f e m plo yees w ho a re a llo w ed to w ork f r o m h o m e. W hile th ere
are s e v era l d ra w backs to o rg aniz a ti o ns w hic h o ffe r re m ote jo bs, I w ould a rg ue
th at th is p re v ale nt m ovem ent u su ally o ffe rs m ore a d vanta ges.
On th e o ne h and , w ork in g fr o m h o m e is u nattr a cti v e to s o m e b usin ess b odie s a nd
in d iv id uals f o r s e v era l r e aso ns. O ne o f th e p rim ary c o ncern s i s th at th is tr e nd m ay
cause s o m e d iffic ulti e s in e v alu ati n g e m plo yee’s p ro ducti v ity . In s o m e p arti c ula r
ty p es o f b usin ess, it is re m ark ab ly challe ngin g fo r m anagers to m easu re th eir
mem bers ’ p erfo rm ance if th ey a re n o t a b le to d ir e ctl y s u p erv is e s ta ff ’s a cti v iti e s.
Furth erm ore , re m ote w ork ers genera lly do no t engage in m any fa ce-to -fa ce
in te ra cti o ns and gro up acti v iti e s, le ad in g to th e la ck o f te am w ork sp ir it, and
re d ucin g th e s e nse o f c o nnecti o n w ith th eir c o lle agues a nd c o m panie s.
On th e oth er hand , th ere are a varie ty of re aso ns w hy w ork in g at ho m e is
extr e m ely p erv asiv e n o w ad ays. F ir s tl y , it c o uld h elp e m plo yees to s a v e a g re at
deal o f ti m e a nd e xp ense s in v olv in g c o m muti n g to w ork . W ith fle xib le w ork in g
ho urs , th ey w ould obta in bette r w ork /life bala nce and fe el m ore fu lfille d
pro fe ssio nally . S eco nd ly , w ork in g f r o m h o m e g enera te s a s u ita b le e nv ir o nm ent f o r
bette r c o ncentr a ti o n, re su lti n g in h ig her le v els o f o utc o m e a nd se rv ic e. F in ally ,
org aniz a ti o ns w ho o ffe r r e m ote j o bs a ls o h av e m in im al o ffic e a re as a nd d ecre ase d
opera ti o n c o sts , w hic h i n tu rn b enefit th e b usin esse s th em se lv es.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s e v id ent th at w ork in g f r o m h o m e i s a p ositi v e d ev elo pm ent
fo r b oth e m plo yers a nd e m plo yees w ho a d opt th is i n no vati v e c hange.
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SA M PL E 4 5
Som e p eople s a y th at y oung p eople le arn u se fu l s k ills b y p la yin g e le ctr o nic
and c o m pute r g am es. O th ers s a y t h at y oung p eople w ho p la y e le ctr o nic a nd
co m pute r g am es a re w astin g th eir tim e. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our
opin io n.
It is tr u e th at th e q uesti o n o f w heth er a d ole sc ents c an le arn so ft sk ills th ro ugh
pla yin g e le ctr o nic a nd c o m pute r g am es o r th is is ju st a w aste o f ti m e re m ain s a
so urc e o f c o ntr o vers y. W hile m any p eo ple b elie v e th at p la yin g g am es h av e s o m e
benefits , I w ould a rg ue th at th is b rin gs m ore d ra w backs th an a d vanta ges.
On th e o ne h and , p la yin g v id eo g am es is a d vanta geo us to s o m e e xte nt. T he fir s t
benefit i s th at s u ch g am es c an h elp y o ungste rs e nhance th eir h and -e ye c o ord in ati o n
and s p ati a l a w are ness. F or e xam ple , in a v id eo g am e, p la yers in v aria b ly m ove
aro und to a v oid e nem ie s a nd o bsta cle s. B y d oin g th is , a d ole sc ents c an d ev elo p
th eir ab ility to quic kly use hand and eyes as w ell as th eir str a te gic sk ills .
More o ver, v id eo g am es a ls o p la y a n in te gra l p art in e d ucati o n. F or e xam ple , in
math c la sse s, in ste ad o f u sin g sc ho ol te xtb ooks a lo ne to illu str a te m ath le sso n,
child re n c an le arn th ro ugh p la yin g s o m e g am es s u ch a s q uiz , w hic h r a is e in te re st
in s tu d yin g m ath .
On th e o th er hand , I b elie v e th at th ere are se v era l p ro ble m s asso cia te d w ith
pla yin g v id eo g am es. F ir s tl y , if y o ung p eo ple c o ncentr a te to o m uch o n p la yin g,
th ey a re l ik ely to n egle ct th eir s tu d ie s a nd h o use ho ld c ho re s. M ore o ver, th is c o uld
le ad to p hysic al h ealth p ro ble m s, e sp ecia lly e ye d is e ase s. W hen p eo ple k eep th eir
eyes g lu ed to c o m pute r s c re ens f o r s e v era l h o urs , w av es f r o m c o m pute rs a nd w ifi
dev ic es m ay c ause h ead aches. In a d diti o n, th ese y o ungste rs a re m ore a nd m ore
pro ne to obesity as th ey sp end ho urs sitti n g in fr o nt of sc re ens in ste ad of
parti c ip ati n g in outd oor acti v iti e s. F in ally , sin ce so m e gam es co nta in se x or
vio le nce, p la yers w ho p la y th ese k in d s o f g am es h av e m ore te nd ency to d ev elo p
vio le nt b ehav io r th an th o se w ho d o n o t p la y. A s a re su lt, th ey m ay b ully th eir
cla ssm ate s o r c o lle agues.
To c o nclu d e, a lth o ugh p la yin g v id eo g am es c an h av e s o m e p ositi v e in flu ences o n
child re n / y o ung g enera ti o n, i t s e em s to m e i t i s b ette r to s e t l im its o n p la yin g th ese
gam es.
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SA M PL E 4 6
Som e o rg aniz atio ns b elie ve t h at t h eir e m plo yees s h ould d re ss s m artly . O th ers
valu e t h e q ualit y o f w ork a bove a ppeara nce .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Dre ssin g at w ork has se rio usly been ta ken in to co nsid era ti o n by se v era l
org aniz a ti o ns. M any p eo ple b elie v e th at p ure p hysic al ap peara nce sh o uld b e
giv en m ore p rio rity , w here as o th ers a rg ue th at c lo th es h av e n o th in g to d o w ith th e
pers o nality o f o ne p ers o n. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I a m in fa v our o f th e fo rm er
sta te m ent f o r a n um ber o f r e aso ns.
On th e one hand , w earin g fr e ely is belie v ed to do no harm to th e w ork in g
env ir o nm ent. A s a m atte r o f f a ct, i t i s a f a ct th at p utti n g o n a s tr ik in g o r a ttr a cti v e
dre ss d oes n o t c hange th e p ers o nal v alu es o f a n e m plo yee. M ore o ver, p eo ple w ho
su p port th is i d ea a ls o c la im th at d re ssin g w hate v er th ey l ik e e v en c re ate s p ositi v e
atti tu d es w hic h enco ura ge th em to w ork bette r and m ore pro ducti v ely . For
exam ple , lo ose clo th es co uld help w eare rs fe el co m para ti v ely co ol and
co m fo rta b le i n th e s u m merti m e.
On th e o th er hand , m any p eo ple th in k d re ssin g in fo rm ally m ig ht unexp ecte d ly
brin g a b out a ra nge o f d ra w backs. F ir s tl y , c lo th es a re c o nsta ntl y s ta te d to c ause
dis tr a cti o n a nd a ffe ct o th ers ’ c o ncentr a ti o n a t w ork . In d eed , w earin g s e xily c an
unin te nti o nally c atc h a l o t o f o th ers ’ e yes w hic h c o uld l e ad to j u d gm ents a nd h ard
fe elin gs to w ard s o ne a no th er. S eco nd ly , s p end in g to o m uch ti m e a nd e ffo rt o n th e
ap peara nce m ig ht so m eho w p ro fo und ly d ecre ase p eo ple ’s in te re st in w ork in g.
This is co nsid ere d to be an ala rm ed tr e nd /te nd ency because th e pers o n can
pro bab ly r u n th e r is k o f l o sin g h is j o b.
All i n a ll, i t i s o ur d ecis io n to c ho ose w hat w e w ant to w ear w hen g o in g to w ork .
How ev er, I b elie v e th at d re ssin g n eatl y a nd p olite ly w ill h elp e m plo yees e arn th e
ap pre cia ti o n o f o th ers .
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SA M PL E 4 7
In m odern s o cie ty , it is p ossib le t o g o s h oppin g, w ork a nd c o m munic a te v ia t h e
In te rn et w it h out fa ce -to -fa ce c o nta ct w it h o ne a noth er. T o w hat e xte nt d o
you t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
There is a gro w in g tr e nd to w ard s in te gra ti n g cutti n g-e d ge te chno lo gy in to a
num ber o f d aily a cti v iti e s, a nd i n te rp ers o nal c o m munic ati o n h as b een i n cre asin gly
re p la cin g. W hile th is d ev elo pm ent h as b een fr a ught w ith p itf a lls , I b elie v e th e
ad vanta ges w ould o utw eig h th ese d ra w backs.
There e xis t s o m e p ote nti a l d is a d vanta ges w hen w e a re e xp ose d to c o m pute rs o n a
re gula r b asis . In fa ct, n o w ad ays, p eo ple h av e a te nd ency to b e o ver-re lia nt o n
te chno lo gy and in -p ers o n in te ra cti o n se em s to dis a p pear. There fo re , th e
enhancem ent o f c o m munic ati o n s k ills w ould b e m arg in al, w hic h h as a m yria d o f
ad vers e im pacts no t only on ad ole sc ents at sc ho ol but als o ad ults at th eir
work p la ce. In ad diti o n, th e lik elih o od of bein g ad dic te d to te chno lo gy co uld
esc ala te /a sc end d ue to th e e xcessiv e e xp osu re to a c o m pute r m onito r. A s a r e su lt,
peo ple w ould b e p ro ne to h av e a s e d enta ry l ife sty le , w hic h l e ad s th em to c o nd uct
many d angero us d is e ase s, e sp ecia lly o besity o r h eart o nes.
How ev er, su p ers e d in g re al in te ra cti o n b y te chno lo gy w ould b rin g ab out m ore
merits . F ir s t, s in ce th e a ccessib ility to th e I n te rn et h as b een w id esp re ad a ro und th e
world , peo ple co uld ta ke ad vanta ge of use fu l ap plic ati o ns se rv in g a lo t of
purp ose s to s a v e th eir ti m e. F or e xam ple , in ste ad o f s p end in g a g re at a m ount o f
ti m e o n g o in g to d ep artm ent s to re s, p eo ple n o w h av e th e a b ility to o pt f o r s e rv ic es
and g o ods a t h o m e th anks to th e p re se nce o f fr e e sh o ppin g a p ps. S eco nd , th e
re p la cem ent m ay a ct a s a c o ntr ib uto r to th e a lle v ia ti o n o f tr a ffic c o ngesti o n in a
wid e/s ig nific ant n um ber o f u rb an a re as b ecause o f th e lo w er r a te o f p arti c ip ati n g
in tr a nsp orta ti o n. T he i m plic ati o n o f th is i s th at i n d iv id uals c o uld a ls o e co no m iz e
on f u el e xp ense s a nd tr a v el c o sts a nd m ake u se o f s u ch m oney to b oost th eir w ell-
bein g.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile so m e c o nsid er a p ply in g te chno lo gy in to o ur so cia l life a
negati v e d ev elo pm ent, i t i s m y b elie f th at te chno lo gy h as p la yed a n i n d is p ensa b le
ro le i n o ur l iv es a nd o ffe re d r e m ark ab le a d vanta ges/v ir tu es.
308 w ord s
310

SA M PL E 4 8
The b est w ay fo r g overn m ents to s o lv e th e p ro ble m o f tr a ffic c o ngestio n is
pro vid in g f r e e p ublic t r a nsp ort f o r 2 4 h ours p er d ay, a nd s e ven d ays a w eek .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It is arg ued th at th e m ost ap pro pria te ap pro ach w hic h go vern m ents sh o uld
co nsid er to m in im iz e tr a ffic ja m is g iv in g z e ro -fe e tr a nsp orta ti o n to re sid ents . I
ab so lu te ly d is a gre e w ith th is s o lu ti o n a s I th in k s u ch m easu re c o uld n o t s o lv e th e
afo re m enti o ned p ro ble m .
Fir s tl y , th ere a re m any r e aso ns c ausin g th e o bsta cle s o f c o ngeste d r o ad s. O ne o f
whic h is th at th e d ev elo pm ent o f in fr a str u ctu re m ay n o t m eet th e p ace o f tr a ffic
flo w . T o c o pe w ith th is is su e, fu nd in g sh o uld b e sp ent/ a llo cate d o n e xp and in g
ro ad s a nd b uild in g m ore o verp asse s. O ffe rin g/P ro vid in g fr e e tr a nsp ort ti c kets to
peo ple w ith o ut im pro vin g th e ro ad w ays w ill no t help to ease tr a ffic ja m . In
ad diti o n, in o rd er to a v oid b lo cked la nes d urin g ru sh h o urs , th e a w are ness o f
driv ers sh o uld b e ra is e d and enhanced /im pro ved . If ev ery o ne keep s calm and
queues w hen th e r o ad s a re c ro w ded , tr a ffic f lo w w ill b e e ase d a nd j o urn ey ti m es
will u nd oub te d ly s p eed u p .
Seco nd ly , p ub lic tr a nsp ort c o m panie s r e q uir e m oney to d ev elo p to f a ce i n cre asin g
tr a ffic p ro ble m s. If n o fe e is c harg ed fo r p asse ngers , tr a nsp orta ti o n o w ners w ill
be in s h o rta ge o f c ap ita l fo r e xp and in g th e b usin ess. T here fo re , th ey m ay o ffe r a
lo w q uality o f c o m muti n g s e rv ic e. F re e ti c kets b ut p oor s e rv ic e c anno t e nco ura ge
more p eo ple to u se p ub lic tr a nsp ort th an b y u p gra d in g th e v ehic le s. P ayin g m oney
when u sin g a s e rv ic e is fa ir a nd r e aso nab le . T he p ro ble m is h o w to e nhance th e
quality o f p ub lic tr a nsp ort to b enefit m ore p asse ngers . F or e xam ple , to p ers u ad e
more p eo ple to u se b use s, th e H ano i tr a nsp orta ti o n c o m pany s h o uld in v est m oney
in b uyin g n ew b use s a nd o pera ti n g m any d iffe re nt r o ute s to m eet th e n eed o f m ore
re sid ents .
In co nclu sio n, I belie v e th at th e head ache of tr a ffic co ngesti o n sh o uld be
ad dre sse d in m any a sp ects . S ub sid iz in g th e c o st o f fa re s is n o t a g o od s o lu ti o n to
re d uce v ehic le s o n th e r o ad s.
292 w ord s
311

Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
Over 5 0 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and
Sco re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 6 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
312

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
313

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1
SA M PL E 4 2
SA M PL E 4 3
SA M PL E 4 4
SA M PL E 4 5
SA M PL E 4 6
SA M PL E 4 7
314

SA M PL E 4 8
SA M PL E 4 9
SA M PL E 5 0
SA M PL E 5 1
SA M PL E 5 2
SA M PL E 5 3

315

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: O ver 5 0 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a
Hig h B and S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 6 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u o ver
50 h ig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S
Writi n g T ask 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o
walk y o u th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers
fo r th e T ask 2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
316

SA M PL E 1
Som e people th in k th at ro bots are very im porta nt to hum an’s fu tu re
develo pm ent. O th ers t h in k t h at t h ey a re d angero us a nd h ave n egativ e e ffe cts
on s o cie ty .
Dis c u ss b oth o pin io ns a nd g iv e y our p erso nal v ie w .
There is a n a rg um ent a b out th e im pacts o f ro bots o n h um an life . M any p eo ple
valu e th e i m porta nce o f r o bots w hils t o th ers c o nsid er r o bots a s a p ote nti a l d anger
to h um an c iv iliz a ti o n. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, d esp ite s o m e n egati v e a sp ects , th e
ro le o f r o bots i s e xtr e m ely i m porta nt to th e d ev elo pm ent o f h um an‘s f u tu re .
On th e o ne hand , it is und enia b le th at th e em erg ence o f ro bots b rin gs hum an
so cie ty s e v era l d ra w backs. T hese d ays, m any c o m panie s h av e u ti liz e d /h av e b een
uti liz in g r o bots a s a n e ffe cti v e a lte rn ati v e l a b or s o urc e d ue to th eir a b ility to w ork
with o ut re sti n g a nd sa la ry . T his le ad s to a c o nsid era b le in cre ase in th e ra te o f
unem plo ym ent, e sp ecia lly f o r l o w -s k ille d w ork ers . M ore o ver, ta kin g a d vanta ge o f
ro bots e xcessiv ely c ause s p eo ple b eco m e m ore d ep end ent a nd la zie r, w hic h c an
re su lt i n th e r is k s o f s o m e d is e ase s s u ch a s o besity o r d ia b ete s. L ast b ut n o t l e ast,
ro bots are als o re gard ed as dangero us w eap ons because of th e pote nti a l of
in te llig ence a nd u nlim ite d f ig hti n g.
On th e oth er hand , th e co ntr ib uti o n of ro boti c te chno lo gy to th e
ad vances/a d vancem ent of hum an civ iliz a ti o n is in d is p ensa b le . Because of
work in g w ith h ig h a ccura cy a nd e ffic ie ncy, u sin g r o bots i n m anufa ctu re h elp s r a is e
th e p ro ducti v ity r a te , r e d uce th e p ric e o f p ro ducts a nd e nhance th e q uality o f life .
There fo re , it is o bvio us th at ro bots a re s a v in g h um ans fr o m a fu tu re o f in fla ti o n
and l o w l iv in g s ta nd ard . I n a d diti o n to th is , w ith th e s u p port o f r o bots i n d aily l ife ,
peo ple w ill h av e m ore ti m e re la xin g a nd sp end in g w ith th eir fa m ilie s. F in ally ,
ro bots p la y a n e sse nti a l r o le in r e se arc h a nd d is c o very o n th e a cco unt o f th e fa ct
th at th ey c an p erfo rm h ars h ta sk s in in accessib le e nv ir o nm ent th at p eo ple c anno t
ap pro ach.
With a ll r e aso ns m enti o ned a b ove, I w ould l ik e to c o nclu d e th at th e a d vanta ges o f
ro bots und oub te d ly outw eig h th eir dis a d vanta ges because of th eir im porta nt
co ntr ib uti o n to th e d ev elo pm ent o f h um an b ein gs i n th e f u tu re .
302 w ord s

317

SA M PL E 2
More a nd m ore p eople t h in k t h ere is n o n eed f o r p rin te d p aper n ew sp apers.
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s tr u e th at th e u se o f p rin te d n ew sp ap ers h as b een i n cre asin gly d eclin ed . W hile
so m e p eo ple b elie v e th at p rin te d n ew sp ap ers a re n o l o nger n eed ed , I to ta lly a gre e
with th is p oin t o f v ie w .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e c erta in a d vanta ges o f u sin g p rin te d n ew sp ap ers .
Fir s tl y , tr a d iti o nal n ew sp ap ers s e em to b e a m ore r e lia b le s o urc e w hen c o m pare d
with o nlin e new s. O nlin e fa ke new s o fte n m akes re ad ers co nfu se d and cause
ad vers e i m pacts o n s o cie ty . S eco nd ly , s o m e n ew s w eb site s c o nta in v ir u se s w hic h
are h arm fu l to u se r’s d ev ic es w hen th ey c o nnect to th o se p ois o n lin ks. F in ally ,
re ad in g prin te d new sp ap ers enco ura ges peo ple to beco m e le ss dep end ent on
ad vanced d ev ic es w hic h c o ntr ib ute to s o m e s e rio us h ealth p ro ble m s f o r u se rs . F or
exam ple , k eep in g th eir e yes g lu ed to th e c o m pute r s c re en f o r a l o ng ti m e i s l in ked
dir e ctl y to s o m e d is o rd ers s u ch a s e yes s tr a in a nd h ead ache.
On th e o th er h and , it w ould b e m uch m ore c o nv enie nt fo r p eo ple re ad in g o nlin e
arti c le s. W ith th e d ev elo pm ent o f te chno lo gy, a lm ost e v ery b ody o w ns a d vanced
dev ic es su ch as sm artp ho nes o r la p to ps. F urth erm ore , th e In te rn et is gro w in g
ra p id ly all o ver th e w orld , w hic h enab le s an in cre asin g num ber o f p eo ple to
access e asily to th e In te rn et e v ery w here fr o m th eir p riv ate h o use s to th e p ub lic
pla ces. T hus, p eo ple d o n o t n eed to g o to a n ew ssta nd to g et a p rin te d o ne. In
ad diti o n to th at, th e o nlin e n ew s u su ally c o nta in s v id eo s w hic h a re m uch m ore
attr a cti v e to re ad ers th an tr a d iti o nal n ew sp ap ers . B esid es, re ad ers c an e xp re ss
th eir th o ughts a nd d is c uss th eir id eas b y p osti n g th eir c o m ments o n e v ery a rti c le .
There fo re , o nlin e p ub lis h ers w ould und ers ta nd m ore ab out th e exp ecta ti o ns o f
re ad ers . F in ally , b y r e ad in g n ew s o n th e I n te rn et, p eo ple a re h elp in g to p ro te ct th e
env ir o nm ent. B illio ns o f tr e es a re b ein g c ut d ow n e ach y ear fo r th e p ro ducti o n o f
th e p rin te d n ew sp ap er. H ence, th e m ore p eo ple r e ad d ig ita l n ew sp ap ers , th e le ss
th ey d am age to th e e nv ir o nm ent.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile p rin te d n ew sp ap ers a re sti ll w orth w hile to so m e e xte nt, I
would a rg ue th at p eo ple w ill s o on n o l o nger n eed to u se th em .
330 w ord s
318

SA M PL E 3
Over th e past fe w deca des, te ch nolo gic a l applia nce s have in cre asin gly
beco m e c o m mon f e atu re s in c la ss c o nte xt, m any p eople w orry t h at t h is m ay
le ad t o t h e d is a ppeara nce o f t r a dit io nal e duca to rs.
Over th e p ast fe w d ecad es, te chno lo gic al a p plia nces h av e in cre asin gly b eco m e
co m mon fe atu re s in c la ss c o nte xt, m any p eo ple w orry th at th is m ay le ad to th e
dis a p peara nce o f tr a d iti o nal e d ucato rs . In m y o pin io n, I to ta lly d is a gre e w ith th is
asse rti o n.
Now ad ays, u sin g d ig ita l d ev ic es is in v ogue. T echno lo gy a llo w s s tu d ents to b e
more in d ep end ent in th eir le arn in g. S tu d ents c an d ow nlo ad th e le ctu re s th at a re
poste d o n th eir s c ho ol’s w eb site s o th at th ey c an r e ad w henev er th ey w ant w ith a
co m fo rta b le fe elin g and hav e a fle xib le ti m eta b le . Furth erm ore , in fo rm ati o n
te chno lo gy in e d ucati o n g iv es le arn ers m ore c hances to stu d y in g ro up s a nd to
co nstr u ct a w id e c o m munic ati o n.
How ev er, it is und enia b le th at th e ro le o f te achers is sti ll esse nti a l in cla ss
because th ere are num ero us ta sk s th at machin es canno t co nd uct su ch as
exp lic ati n g, s u p erv is in g a nd e nco ura gin g s tu d ents . W hen s o m e s tu d ents g et b ore d
of le arn in g new th in gs o r w hen th ey hav e a m is le ad in g in w hat th ey le arn ed ,
te achers w ill p la y a r o le a s a f a cilita to r h elp in g s tu d ents to a cq uir e u nd ers ta nd in g
to w ard s a c erta in is su e a nd h and le th e q uesti o ns g iv en b y th e te achers . B esid es,
stu d ents c an a ls o le arn s o m e s o cia l s k ills a nd o th er u se fu l le sso ns fr o m te achers
who hav e ab und ant life exp erie nce and hig h ped ago gic al sk ills . Ano th er
ad vanta ge o f u sin g e d ucato rs is th at s tu d ents w ill b e p ut u nd er s u p erv is io n w hen
th eir re su lts h av e sig ns o f g o in g d ow n o r w hen, m ore te rrib ly , th ey a re g etti n g
bogged d ow n i n to s o cie ty ’s v ic es.
In co nclu sio n, peo ple do no t deny co m ple te ly th e ro le of te chno lo gy and
ed ucato rs . H ow ev er, it is c le ar th at p eo ple w ill c erta in ly n eed e d ucato rs in c la ss
and w e s h o uld c o m bin e th ese tw o a sp ects i n a r e aso nab le w ay.
268 w ord s
319

SA M PL E 4
Som e people arg ue th at te ach in g ch ild re n of dif fe re nt abilit ie s to geth er
benefit s a ll o f t h em . O th ers b elie ve t h at in te llig ent c h ild re n s h ould b e t a ught
se para te ly a nd g iv en s p ecia l t r e atm ent.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n?
There are o pposite id eas ab out th e is su e o f w heth er child re n w ith th eir o w n
co m pete nce s h o uld s tu d y i n th e s a m e c la ss f o r th e s a ke o f s u p porti n g e ach o th er o r
be s e p ara te d to j u st f o cus o n th eir s tr o ng p oin t. I n m y o pin io n, I a m m ore i n clin ed
to th e l a te r o ne o w in g to th e o uts ta nd in g b enefits i t b rin gs to .
On th e o ne h and , o ne fu nd am enta l a d vanta ge o f te achin g c hild re n o f d is sim ila r
cap aciti e s to geth er is help in g th em to gain eno rm ous kno w le d ge of se v era l
dom ain s b ecause c hild re n a re o nly ta ught s o m eth in g r e gard in g th eir m ain s u b je cts
and th ey s e em to i g no re o th er th in gs, w hic h r e su lts i n s o m e f o re se eab le d iffic ulti e s
fo r th eir liv es a fte rw ard . F or e xam ple , m y c o usin stu d ie s w ell a ll su b je cts a t
sc ho ol, esp ecia lly m ath em ati c s. H ow ev er, afte r b ein g se nt to th e cla ss w hic h
majo rs in natu ra l sc ie nce su b je cts , his und ers ta nd in g of his to ry or lite ra tu re
beco m es in cre asin gly lim ite d and he m eets m any challe nges/o bsta cle s in th e
exam s o f s o cia l s u b je cts . B esid es, th ere a re d iffe re nt le arn in g le v el s tu d ents in a
cla ss, c hild re n w ho s tu d y b ette r w ill h elp o th er littl e in te llig ent o nes m ake m ore
pro gre ss i n s tu d y.
On th e o th er h and , a d vocate s o f th e v ie w o f s e p ara ti n g c hild re n b ase d o n th eir
ab ility to te ach hav e th eir ow n ju sti fic ati o n. Child re n would fin d it
moti v ati o nal/m oti v ati n g to stu d y fa v orite su b je cts , w hic h brin gs effic ie ncy in
ed ucati o n and gre atl y co ntr ib ute s to th e culti v ati o n and d ev elo pm ent o f actu al
ta le nte d in d iv id uals fo r th e c o untr ie s in th e fu tu re . F or in sta nce, c hild re n w ill
beco m e a ta le nte d s in ger if th ey a re tr a in ed c are fu lly w hen th eir c o m pete nce is
dis c o vere d durin g child ho od. M ore o ver, it w ould be fla w ed to opin e th at
in te llig ent s tu d ents o nly p ay a tte nti o n to th eir f ie ld b ecause o f th e f a ct th at th ey a re
curio us l e arn ers a nd k no w th e w ay o f a rra ngin g a n a p pro pria te ti m e to s tu d y o th er
th in gs.
In c o nclu sio n, in sp ite o f th e a p pare nt v ir tu es o f a c la ss m ix ed w ith d iffe re nt
co m pete ncie s, I a m s ti ll m ore c o nv in ced th at c hild re n's ta le nt s h o uld b e a im ed a t
in ste ad o f w asti n g to o m uch ti m e le arn in g tr iv ia l th in gs b ecause th is m ig ht e nsu re
child re n's a b ility to g ro w c o m pre hensiv ely .
320

329 w ord s
321

SA M PL E 5
Som e p eople th in k th at y oung p eople s h ould fo llo w th e tr a dit io nal v alu es o f
th eir so cie tie s. O th ers th in k th at young people sh ould be fr e e to act as
in div id uals . D is c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n?
There is a s c ho ol o f th o ught th at n ati o nal c usto m s s h o uld b e im ple m ente d b y th e
yo uth . H ow ev er, I a m s tr o ng o f th e o pin io n th at p ers o nal a cti o ns a re m ore s u ita b le
fo r j u v enile a nd te enagers i n m odern c o m muniti e s.
On th e o ne h and , a d ole sc ents s h o uld b e e nco ura ged to b e in fa v our o f s u p porti n g
tr a d iti o nal custo m s. A n exp la nati o n o f th is fa ct co uld b e th at it is a w ay fo r
co untr ie s to pre se rv e and pro m ote th eir co untr ie s. F or exam ple , in V ie tn am ,
wearin g n ati o nal c lo th es in tr a d iti o nal fe sti v als is e nco ura ged fo r th e ju v enile s.
By th is w ay, V ie tn am ese g enera ti o ns d esir e f o r s p re ad in g th e c ultu re o f c lo th es to
neig hb orin g n ati o ns/r e gio ns. A no th er r e aso n fo r th e im porta nce o f th e tr a d iti o nal
acti v iti e s fo r th e y o uth c o uld b e th at th ey p la ce c erta in r e str ic ti o ns o n th e c o nflic t
betw een th e o ld a nd y o ung p eo ple in c o m muniti e s. B ecause o f h av in g th e s a m e
life sty le fo llo w in g n ati o nal c usto m s, b oth p re v io us g enera ti o ns a nd p ro geny in a
fa m ily w ould h av e h arm ony w ith e ach o th er. T his a d vanta ge c o uld c ata ly ze th e
bala nce i n a f a m ily i n p arti c ula r a nd i n c o m muniti e s i n g enera l.
On th e o th er h and , I a m fir m ly c o nv in ced th at a d ole sc ents s h o uld b e a llo w ed to
dev elo p th eir p ers o nal v alu es. T his is b ecause th is tr e nd is su ita b le fo r y o ung
genera ti o ns to s u p port in m odern c o m muniti e s. In te chno lo gic al d ecad es, n o t o nly
sh o uld a d ole sc ence h av e o m nip re se nt a ccess to a d vanced e q uip m ent b ut th ey a ls o
sh o uld re se arc h o n a nd a cq uir e /o bta in s c ie nti fic a chie v em ents /in v enti o ns. T hese
re sp onsib iliti e s re q uir e a p le nty o f cre ati v ity and acti v eness o f yo ung p eo ple .
There fo re , if a d ole sc ents y earn fo r c o ntr o llin g s c ie nti fic a nd te chno lo gic al fie ld s,
th ey w ould s e ek a w ay to im pro ve th eir p ers o nal v alu es. In a d diti o n, th ere a re
so m e tr a d iti o nal c usto m s th at a re n o t su ita b le fo r m odern life w hile in d iv id ual
valu es p la y a n i m porta nt r o le i n m odern c o m muniti e s. F or i n sta n ce, th e c usto m o f
burn in g fa ke m oney to m em oriz e ancesto rs and sh o w re sp ect to pre v io us
genera ti o ns in n ati o nal fe sti v als in V ie tn am h as fa d ed . T his is b ecause th is a cti o n
is o ne o f th e c ulp rits o f a ir p ollu ti o n. I n ste ad , y o ung p eo ple i n V ie tn am te nd to ta ke
pho to gra p hs in a ncesto rs ’ m em oria l d ays b ecause it h elp s th em n o t o nly to h av e
pro fe ssio nal pho to gra p hy sk ills but als o to sh o w th eir id io sy ncra sie s th ro ugh
vario us p ho to s.
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Last b ut n o t l e ast, I a m a n a d vocate o f th at f r e e a cti o ns c o uld p la y a n i n te gra l r o le
as a p re curs o r to d ev elo pm ent m ore th an tr a d iti o nal a cti v iti e s.
330 w ord s
323

SA M PL E 6
Som e p eople t h in k t h at in o rd er t o p re vent illn ess a nd d is e ase , g overn m ents
sh ould mak e effo rts in re ducin g envir o nm enta l pollu tio n and housin g
pro ble m s. W hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ents ?
It i s tr u e th at g o vern m ents s h o uld s u p port c iti z e ns to d im in is h r is k s f r o m a ilm ents .
Fro m m y p ers p ecti v e, I co m ple te ly agre e th at th e b est so lu ti o ns w ould b e to
re d uce e nv ir o nm enta l c o nta m in ati o n a nd h o usin g i s su es.
On th e o ne h and /T o b egin w ith , th ere a re tw o p rim ary r e aso ns w hy g o vern m ents
ought to p ro te ct th e e nv ir o nm ent to p re v ent illn ess a nd d is e ase . F ir s tl y , th e c le an
atm osp here r e su lts i n h ealth y c o nd iti o ns f o r r e sid ents to l iv e i n . T he b acte ria w ill
fin d it h ard to su rv iv e, if p eo ple liv e in a fr e sh e nv ir o nm ent. S eco nd ly , liq uid
waste w hic h is d is c harg ed in to riv ers m ay a ffe ct p eo ple ’s h ealth th ro ugh e ati n g
and d rin kin g. A s a r e su lt, r e sid ents m ig ht h av e s e v ere d is e ase s, o f w hic h c ancer i s
a ty p ic al e xam ple .
Besid es, go vern m ents sh o uld ta ke ho usin g is su es in to co nsid era ti o n to re sis t
illn ess. T o b e s p ecific , s u b sid iz in g s o cia l h o use s f o r h o m ele ss p eo ple c an p re v ent
dis e ase s fr o m s p re ad in g in c o m muniti e s. T his is b ecause p eo ple w ho h av e th eir
ow n h o use s m ay/w ill n o t h av e in fe cti o us d is e ase s in p ub lic p la ces s u ch a s p ark s
and pav em ents . F urth erm ore , th e posse ssio n of ho use s w ould ra is e citi z e ns’
aw are ness a b out g arb age. F or in sta nce, p eo ple c o uld u nd ers ta nd h o w to c la ssify
ru b bis h and p ut it in th e rig ht b in s to p ro te ct th e cle an env ir o nm ent in th eir
re sid enti a l a re as.
In c o nclu sio n, I r e affir m m y a d vocate th at g o vern m ents h av e to im ple m ent u rg ent
so lu ti o ns to f ig ht a gain st i lln ess b y l e sse nin g e nv ir o nm enta l p ollu ti o n a nd h o usin g
is su es.
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324

SA M PL E 7
Som e p eople s a y t h at w hat c h ild re n w atc h in flu ence s t h eir b ehavio ur. O th ers
belie ve t h e a m ount o f t im e t h ey s p end o n t e le vis io n in flu ence s t h eir b ehavio ur
most. D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Watc hin g te le v is io n pla ys an in te gra l part in th e dev elo pm ent of child re n’s
und ers ta nd in g a s w ell a s th eir b ehav io ur. M any p eo ple th in k th at th e c o nte nt o f
pro gra m mes d eliv ere d b y c hannels o n T V h as n egati v e im pacts o n y o ungste r’s
acti o n w hile o th ers b elie v e th at th e m ost i n flu enti a l f a cto r/e ffe ct to th e y o ung i s th e
am ount o f ti m e th at th ey in v est in te le v is io n. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, b oth th ese
ele m ents hav e und esir a b le in flu ences on child re n but I w ould arg ue th at th e
su b je ct matte r/s u b je ct/ th em e/m essa ge of pro gra m s on te le v is io n has more
dis a d vanta ges.
Fir s t o f a ll, th e a m ount o f ti m e th at c hild re n s p end o n te le v is io n d oes m ore h arm
th an g o od f o r th eir b ehav io ur. F ir s tl y , b y d in t o f i n v esti n g a l o t o f ti m e o n w atc hin g
te le v is io n, th e y o ung w ould w aste m uch ti m e w hile th ey c an u se th is ti m e to f o cus
on b ro ad enin g th eir o w n k no w le d ge a nd m aste rin g th eir v ita l s o ft s k ills . In d eed ,
by n o m eans c an y o ungste rs e nhance th eir le v el o f e d ucati o n p erfo rm ance if th ey
only sta y at ho m e to sti c k th eir eyes to th e te le v is io n. S eco nd ly , w hen yo ung
peo ple a re a d dic te d to w atc hin g te le v is io n, th ey m ig ht p ut th eir h ealth in d anger.
For exam ple , th ere are a la rg e num ber o f child re n w ho sp end m uch ti m e o n
te le v is io n fa cin g w ith se v era l se rio us m enta l and physic al dis e ase s su ch as
obesity a nd p oor e yesig ht.
On th e o th er h and , I re cko n th at c hild re n a re n egati v ely a ffe cte d b y w hat th ey
watc h o n te le v is io n. I n f a ct, th e g o vern m ent c anno t f ilte r a ll i n fo rm ati o n th ro ugh a
varie ty o f s o cia l c hannels s o y o ung p eo ple m ay b e im pacte d b y th e b ulk o f s e x-
pro vocati v e im ages a nd v io le nt v id eo s. F or e xam ple , b y a ccessin g th e te le v is io n
pro gra m s, a s tu d ent w ho c o m es fr o m A meric a h as b eco m e a m urd ere r b y k illin g
hund re d s of peo ple in a to w n. M ore o ver, th e co nte nt of m any ad verti s e m ent
pro gra m s on te le v is io n m ig ht end anger child re n’s atte nti o n. U nd oub te d ly , no
so oner d o y o ung p eo ple w atc h te le v is io n th an th ey w ant to o w n m any p ro ducts ,
and h ence, th eir p are nts w ould m eet th eir d em and .
In co nclu sio n, I re affir m m y sta nd poin t th at b oth th ese p ro ble m s hav e se v era l
dra w backs fo r yo ungste r’s b ehav io ur b ut th e co nte nt th at th ey w atc h is m ore
harm fu l.
325

330 w ord s
326

SA M PL E 8
Som e people sa y th at fr ie nds are m ore im porta nt th an fa m ily in to day’s
world ; o th ers s a y t h at f a m ily is a lw ays m ore im porta nt.
Writ e in s u pport o f o ne t h ese v ie w s.
Giv e r e aso ns fo r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s fr o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
The q uesti o n o f w hic h h um an r e la ti o nsh ip s a re m ore i m porta nt th an o ne a no th er i s
ra th er d eb ata b le . W hile s o m e a re o f th e v ie w th at f r ie nd s a re o f m ore i m porta nce
th an f a m ily , I to ta lly d is a gre e w ith th is p oin t o f v ie w .
To b egin w ith , it is u nd enia b le th at fr ie nd sh ip p la ys a v ita lly in te gra l p art in o ur
modern liv es. F ir s tl y , p eo ple w ould b e in tr o ub le if th ey d id n o t h av e a ny fr ie nd s
in life . In o th er w ord s, fr ie nd sh ip s a re h elp fu l fo r th em to s ti m ula te th eir s tu d y o r
care er dev elo pm ent. B y w ay of illu str a ti o n, stu d ents w ho fin d it diffic ult to
und ers ta nd th e le ctu re c o uld a sk fo r h elp /s u p port fr o m th eir p eers a nd th ey w ill
usu ally r e ceiv e a q uic k r e sp onse i f th ey h av e a g o od r e la ti o nsh ip w ith th at p ers o n.
Seco nd ly , it is e v id ent th at p eo ple m ig ht c o m fo rta b ly s h are th eir e m oti o ns w ith
fr ie nd s r a th er th an fa m ily m em bers in s o m e c ase s, e sp ecia lly , fo r te enagers . T his
is b ecause a t th at a ge th ey te nd to e sc ap e f r o m th eir p are nts ’ i n flu ences.
Desp ite th e a fo re m enti o ned a d vanta ges th at fr ie nd sh ip b rin gs, I s tr o ngly b elie v e
th at f a m ily a lw ays i s m ore c ru cia l f o r v ario us r e aso ns. I n iti a lly , f r ie nd s c an c o m e
and g o b ut f a m ily a lw ays s ta ys w ith y o u, e v en i n th e m ost d iffic ult s itu ati o ns. F or
exam ple , o ne o f m y f r ie nd s, M in h, w ent b ankru p t d ue to th e e co no m ic r e cessio n i n
1997. S om e o f h is fr ie nd s le ft h im a fte r th at. F ortu nate ly , th anks to h is fa m ily
su p port, h e n o w g ets o ver th at h ard sh ip . M ore im porta ntl y , it is tr u e th at m ost
pare nts d ev ote th eir o w n l iv es to m ake th eir o ffs p rin g a s e nse o f f u lfillm ent, e v en
when th ey a re m atu re e no ugh a nd m ove o ut. T here fo re , th ere a re n o r e aso ns to s a y
th at f a m ily b ond s a re n o t m ore v ita l.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh s o m e p eo ple a rg ue th at fr ie nd s p la y a n im porta nt ro le in
th eir l iv es, i t s e em s to m e th at f a m ily b ond i s m ore c ru cia l th an f r ie nd sh ip i s .
302 w ord s
327

SA M PL E 9
Scie ntis ts p re dic t in th e n ear fu tu re c a rs w ill b e d riv en b y c o m pute rs, n ot
people . W hy? D o y ou t h in k it is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
Recent d ecad es h av e w itn esse d a n in cre ase in th e n um ber o f v ehic le s w ith th e
se lf- d riv in g fe atu re , h av in g b een a ssis ti n g h um an b ein gs in a w id e r a nge o f jo bs.
Lik ew is e , m any re se arc hers anti c ip ate th at co m pute rs w ill sh o rtl y re p la ce
mankin d to c o ntr o l c ars i n th e f u tu re . T his d ev elo pm ent p atte rn c o uld b e a ttr ib ute d
to m any r e aso ns a nd I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at th is r e p la cem ent w ill d efin ite ly b rin g a
num ber o f b enefits to th e h um an r a ce.
There a re s e v era l re aso ns w hy fu tu re c ars w ill b e o pera te d b y c o m pute rs . T he
main re aso n is th at re p eti ti v e w ork lik e d riv in g a c ar sh o uld b e c o ntr o lle d b y
machin es. W ith o ut c o ntr o llin g c ars , p eo ple w ill h av e m ore ti m e i n th eir c ars to d o
many o th er th in gs, s u ch a s re ad in g o r c hatti n g. W ith o ut c o ntr o llin g c ars , p eo ple
will h av e m ore ti m e in th eir c ars to d o m any o th er th in gs, su ch a s re ad in g o r
chatti n g, w hic h i s a v alid /r e aso nab le p oin t. F urth erm ore , w ith th e d ev elo pm ent o f
co m pute r sc ie nce a nd te chno lo gy, in fa ct, w e h av e c re ate d m any ty p es o f se lf-
driv in g vehic le s, and th is in v enti o n can be easily ap plie d to m anufa ctu re
auto no m ous c ars d riv en b y c o m pute rs .
Fro m m y p oin t o f v ie w , th is ad vancem ent in tr a nsp orta ti o n m eth o ds has m ore
ad vanta ges. F ir s t o f a ll, it is q uite e co no m ic al fo r p eo ple to u se c ars d riv en b y
co m pute rs r a th er th an h um an d riv ers . T he c o st to m ain ta in a c o m pute r i s l ik ely f a r
lo w er th an to h ir e a d riv er i n m odern ti m es w hen th e s a la ry f o r a p ers o n i n cre ase s
ev ery y ear th at i s n o t r e q uir e d o n a c o m pute r. S eco nd ly , u nlik e h um ans, c o m pute rs
can d riv e c ars c o nti n uo usly fo r a lo ng ti m e. A s a r e su lt, c alc ula ti o ns in d ic ate th at
th e exp end itu re fo r m ovin g is le ss th an exp ecte d . M ore o ver, co m pute rs can
manage c ars a ccura te ly , s m ooth ly , r e d ucin g s ig nific antl y th e n um ber o f a ccid ents
on th e s tr e ets . L ast b ut n o t l e ast, n o w a ir p ollu ti o n o n s tr e ets h as s tr ik in g e ffe cts o n
hum an h ealth ; n ev erth ele ss, th is p ro ble m c an b e m iti g ate d b y u sin g s e lf- d riv in g
cars to r e d uce ti m e o n th e r o ad s.
In c o nclu sio n, th is c o m muti n g p atte rn c o uld c o m e f r o m m any f a cto rs i n te rm s o f n o
physic al effo rt and ad vanced te chno lo gy, and it se em s to me th at th is
tr a nsfo rm ati o n w ill b e e xtr e m ely v alu ab le f o r h um anity .
330 w ord s
328

SA M PL E 1 0
More a nd m ore w ild a nim als a re o n t h e v erg e o f e xtin ctio n a nd o th ers a re o n
th e e ndangere d lis t. W hat a re t h e r e aso ns f o r t h is ? W hat c a n b e d one t o s o lv e
th is p ro ble m ?
In re cent ti m es, th e in cre asin g num ber o f end angere d anim als has b een in th e
lim elig ht a nd h as a ro use d w id e c o ncern f o r th e p ern ic io us e ffe cts a sso cia te d w ith
th em . T his a la rm in g tr e nd e m erg es a s a r e su lt o f s e v era l f a cto rs a nd a lth o ugh s o m e
peo ple m ay arg ue th at th ere is no w ay b ack, w ork ab le so lu ti o ns th at can b e
ap plie d b y b oth i n d iv id uals a nd g o vern m ents a re a v aila b le /p ossib le /lik ely .
The r is in g f ig ure o f e nd angere d c re atu re s c o uld b e a sc rib ed to n um ero us r e aso ns.
An o bvio us e xp la nati o n lie s in th e la ck o f k no w le d ge in th e g enera l p opula ti o n.
In d eed , a m yria d o f e le p hants in A fr ic a d ie e v ery y ear o n th e a cco unt o f s o m e
belie fs th at iv ory c o uld a lle v ia te o r c ure m any k in d s o f c hro nic d is e ase s s u ch a s
te nd in o path y, arth riti s . T his m is u nd ers ta nd in g le ad s to th e in cre ase of iv ory 's
su p ply s o th at h und re d s o f e le p hants h av e b een s la ughte re d b y h unte rs . B esid es,
th e in effic ie ncy of curre nt pro te cti v e meth o ds by pub lic bodie s gre atl y
exacerb ate s th e situ ati o n. In ste ad of in v esti n g th eir bud get in to pre se rv in g
end angere d a nim als , th e a uth o riti e s h av e b een a llo cati n g m ost o f th e b ud get to
extr a v agant p ro je cts n am ely s p ace e xp lo ra ti o n o r n ucle ar w eap ons' e xp erim ents .
Thus, m any c o untr ie s d o n o t h av e th e f a ciliti e s a nd a m eniti e s n ecessa ry to p ro te ct
wild a nim als .
In th e f a ce o f th e e sc ala ti n g p erils f r o m th e e xti n cti o n o f e nd angere d a nim als , s o m e
measu re s c an b e ta ken to m iti g ate th e p ro ble m . T he fir s t p ra cti c al s o lu ti o n a t th e
mom ent is to am end th e ed ucati v e curric ulu m , w hic h can b e achie v ed b y th e
Dep artm ents of Educati o n. They sh o uld im pro ve curre nt te achin g pro gra m s
co ncern in g c o nse rv in g w ild a nim als . N ot o nly w ill th ey b e a b le to e d ucate th e
yo ungste rs , but th ey w ill als o co nv ey th e id ea of anim al pro te cti o n m ore
effe cti v ely . A t th e sa m e ti m e, th e m ore effe cti v e polic ie s to be execute d by
go vern m ents act as a su sta in ab le answ er to th e is su e. G overn m ent auth o riti e s
sh o uld s p end m ore m oney c o nse rv in g/s a v in g e nd angere d a nim als . M ore o ver, th ey
sh o uld l e gis la te l a w m ore s tr ic tl y a nd p unis h th e o ffe nd ers m ore s e rio usly . I f s u ch
pre v enti v e a cti o ns a re i m ple m ente d , th e v erg e o f w ild a nim als ' e xti n cti o n w ill d ip
while p eo ple c an s ti ll b ask i n th e g lo ry o f th e m odern l iv in g s ta nd ard .
All exis ti n g data pro vid e a co ncre te fo und ati o n th at th e ed ge of end angere d
329

cre atu re s’ e xti n cti o n d eriv es fr o m th e la ck o f k no w le d ge o f g enera l c iti z e ns a nd
th e in effic ie nt in v estm ent b y a uth o riti e s. In o rd er to ta ckle th e p ro ble m , s o lu ti o ns
su ch a s i m pro vin g th e e d ucati o n s y ste m s o r s p end in g m ore m oney o n w ild a nim als
sh o uld b e c arrie d o ut.
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330

SA M PL E 1 1
Many p eople lik e to w ear fa sh io nable c lo th es. W hy d o y ou th in k th is is th e
ca se ?
Is t h is a g ood t h in g o r a b ad t h in g?
The m ajo rity o f p eo ple are keen o n cho osin g cla ssy atti r e s. T here are so m e
re aso ns fo r th is tr e nd w hic h, in m y o pin io n, w ill b rin g m any b enefits to b oth
in d iv id uals a nd th e e co no m y.
The te nd ency to w ear sty lis h clo th es can b e exp la in ed b y tw o m ain re aso ns.
Fir s tl y , p eo ple a re a p t to s u it u p to f it th e c urre nt tr e nd . O th erw is e , th ey m ay h av e
th e fe elin g o f b ein g is o la te d fr o m th e c o m munity . F or e xam ple , w hen jo in in g a
party w here e v ery b ody w ears p ro m d re sse s o r su its b ut y o u w ear T -s h ir t a nd
je ans, y o u w ill lo ok v ery rid ic u lo us a nd u nco m fo rta b le . S eco nd ly , tr e nd y o utf its
are e sse nti a l f o r p eo ple to a ffir m th eir s o cia l p ositi o ns. W hat y o u w ear w ould te ll
what k in d o f p ers o n y o u a re a nd s o m eti m es y o ur f a sh io n p la ys a v ita l r o le i n y o ur
daily w ork a nd l ife .
I b elie v e th at th e h ab it o f w earin g fa sh io nab le c lo th es w ill b e p ositi v e to b oth
each in d iv id ual a nd th e e co no m y a s w ell. F ir s t o f a ll, c la ssy o utf its w ill m ake
peo ple w ho w ear th em l o ok b ette r a nd b e m ore c o nfid ent i n s o cia l a cti v iti e s. T his
may b e a n a d diti o nal e le m ent f o r a p ers o n’s s u ccess. F or i n sta nce, a w ell- d re sse d
sa le s p ers o n w ho s e lls c re d it c ard s to c lie nts m ay w in m ore d eals th an h is o ld -
fa sh io ned c o lle ague. In a d diti o n, th e m ore tr e nd y c lo th es p eo ple a re b uyin g, th e
more p ro fits fa sh io n c o m panie s c an m ake. E ach y ear, b ig fa sh io n b ra nd s s u ch a s
Zara , H & M , a nd U niq lo c an e arn b illio ns o f d olla rs f r o m th eir c hain s o f s to re s a ll
over th e w orld . T his w ill b e a n im mense fa cto r c o ntr ib uti n g to th e g ro w th o f th e
eco no m y.
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re a n um ber o f re aso ns w hy m any p eo ple a re b ig fa ns o f
sty lis h c lo th in g. A s a r e su lt, i t c o uld b e a g o od th in g to e ach p ers o n a nd th e s o cie ty
as a w ho le .
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SA M PL E 1 2
Som e people arg ue th at in div id uals ca n do noth in g to im pro ve th e
envir o nm ent. T here fo re , o nly g overn m ents a nd la rg e c o m panie s c a n m ak e a
dif fe re nce . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
It is w id ely arg ued th at env ir o nm enta l pro ble m s sh o uld be ad dre sse d by
go vern m ents and in d ep end ent org aniz a ti o ns but no t in d iv id uals can m ake no
diffe re nce in th is asp ect. W hile it is tr u e th at go vern m ents and co m panie s
genera lly ta ke th e l e ad i n e nv ir o nm enta l i s su es, I b elie v e th at e ach i n d iv id ual s ti ll
pla ys a v ita l r o le i n i m pro vin g th e e nv ir o nm ent.
On th e o ne h and , o ur b io sp here i s f a cin g a c erta in n um ber o f p ro ble m s th at c anno t
be s o lv ed b y a ny s e p ara te p ers o n. S om e o f th e c o ncern ed to pic s a re o zo ne la yer
dep le ti o n, fig hti n g c lim ate c hange o r p ro te cti n g a nim als ’ h ab ita t, w hic h re q uir e s
th e c o lla b ora ti v e a cti o ns o f g o vern m ents a nd o th er in v olv in g e nte rp ris e s a ll o ver
th e w orld . In a d diti o n, in c o m paris o n w ith e ach in d iv id ual, th e g o vern m ents a nd
la rg e c o m panie s u nd oub te d ly a ffo rd to p ro vid e b ette r fin ancia l r e so urc es a s w ell
as n ecessa ry to ols in ta cklin g e nv ir o nm enta l c halle nges. F or e xam ple , if a c ity ’s
auth o riti e s i m pose a p olic y to b an th e u sa ge o f m oto rb ik e w ith in i ts d ow nto w n, o r
an env ir o nm enta l o rg aniz a ti o n d ev elo ps and in tr o duces a re new ab le so urc e o f
energ y to th e p ub lic , i t w ould c re ate a tr e m end ous e ffe ct to r e d uce a ir p ollu ti o n.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at e ach i n d iv id ual c an ta ke a v arie ty o f a cti o ns
at g ra ss r o ot le v el to h elp to a lle v ia te e nv ir o nm enta l is su es. F ir s tl y , a p ers o n c an
delib era te ly r e d uce th e u se o f p la sti c i n th eir d aily l ife , o r o pt f o r u nle ad ed p etr o l
or p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n in lie u o f p riv ate v ehic le s to re d uce carb on d io xid e
em is sio n. S eco nd ly , th ey c an a cti v ely e ngage i n e nv ir o nm enta l p ro je cts to e d ucate
oth er p eo ple a ro und th em a b out v ario us m eth o ds to p ro te ct th e e nv ir o nm ent, fo r
in sta nce u sin g b io degra d ab le p ackagin g p ro ducts , o r th e a p pro pria te c la ssific ati o n
and d um pin g o f w aste s. W ith ra is in g th e aw are ness and co ntr ib uti o n o f each
pers o n to so lv e e nv ir o nm enta l th re ats , th e b urd en p la cin g th e g o vern m ents a nd
busin esse s c an b e s ig nific antl y lig hte ned a nd th e e nv ir o nm ent w ill b e m ore lik ely
to b e i m pro ved .
In co nclu sio n, I str o ngly b elie v e th at go vern m ents , la rg e co m panie s, and each
in d iv id ual sh o uld ta ke (e q ual) re sp onsib iliti e s fo r so lv in g env ir o nm enta l
pro ble m s a s p la net E arth i s th e c o m mon h o m e o f u s a ll.
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SA M PL E 1 3
Glo baliz atio n h as m any p osit iv e e ffe cts o n w orld ’s e co nom y b ut t h e n egativ e
effe cts o f it c a nnot b e f o rg otte n.
Do y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e c o nnecti o n b etw een g lo baliz a ti o n a nd th e
eco no m y of ev ery co untr y of th e w orld . W hile I accep t th at th is tr e nd of
world w id e in te gra ti o n c an s o m eti m es h av e a h arm fu l im pact o n th e in te rn ati o nal
eco no m y, I b elie v e th at i t i s m ore l ik ely to e xert/ c re ate p ositi v e e ffe cts .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re v ario us r e aso ns w hy p eo ple b elie v e th at th e p ote nti a l
ris k s e nta ile d b y g lo baliz a ti o n u p on th e e co no m y s h o uld n o t b e u nd erv alu ed . F ir s t
of all, th e w id esp re ad of glo bal tr a d e is no t alw ays benefic ia l to ev ery o ne,
esp ecia lly to d ev elo ped c o untr ie s. C om panie s c an m ove fr o m th ese n ati o ns to
oth er a re as w here la b or is c o nsid era b ly c heap er to e xp lo it e m plo yees, a nd th is
may c re ate r e d und ancie s o r j o b l o sse s. F urth erm ore , i n u nd erd ev elo ped c o untr ie s,
dom esti c b usin esse s h av e to e nco unte r a n um ber o f d iffic ulti e s w hen th ey c o m pete
with se v era l m ulti n ati o nal co m panie s. The w ork fo rc e w ill be attr a cte d to
in te rn ati o nal fir m s/c o rp ora ti o ns b ecause th ey m ay b uild new sto re s and o ffic e
build in gs, th us pro vid in g em plo yees w ith m odern su rro und in gs th at nati o nal
busin esse s m ay n o t b e a b le to o ffe r.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at th ese d ra w backs a re o utw eig hed b y th e
benefits . Fir s tl y , und er pre ssu re fr o m glo baliz a ti o n, tr a d e has beco m e m ore
co m peti ti v e w hic h c an l e ad to th e p ro ducti o n o f h ig her q uality p ro ducts to c ap tu re
th e a tte nti o n o f c o nsu m ers . W hen th e o ld m eth o ds a re o utd ate d , c o m panie s h av e to
up gra d e so th at th ey can enhance th eir ow n effic ie ncy to co m pete w ith th e
multi n ati o nals . In a d diti o n, g lo baliz a ti o n c an a ls o c re ate th e im pro vin g w ork in g
env ir o nm ent. F or in sta nce, m any c o m panie s in th e w orld m ark et b re eze th ro ugh
th e e co no m ic c o m peti ti o n w ith s o m e p ositi v e c hanges a nd n ew p olic ie s th at f a v or
em plo yees, su ch as pro vid in g daycare , ho ld in g co m pany so cia l ev ents and
offe rin g f le xib le s c hed ulin g.
In c o nclu sio n, it s e em s to m e th at th e b enefic ia l im pacts o f g lo bal tr a d e a re m ore
sig nific ant th an th eir d ra w backs.
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SA M PL E 1 4
There is a g enera l in cre ase in a nti- s o cia l b ehavio rs a nd la ck o f r e sp ect fo r
oth ers. W hat a re t h e c a use s a nd s o lu tio ns?
It i s tr u e th ere i s a r is e i n a nti - s o cia l b ehav io rs a nd d is re sp ectf u l a tti tu d es to w ard s
oth ers . T here a re m any r e aso ns f o r th is p heno m eno n a nd s te p s n eed to b e ta ken to
im pro ve th e s itu ati o n.
Fir s tl y , th e m ain r e aso n i s th e l a ck o f p are nta l e d ucati o n. N ow ad ays, m any p are nts
are overb urd ened w ith th eir w ork , th ey hav e a te nd ency to be in d iffe re nt to
child re n e d ucati o n. C onse q uentl y , w ith o ut p are nts ’ a d vic e, th e y o ungste rs c anno t
dis ti n guis h b etw een th e r ig ht a nd th e w ro ng, i ll- m annere d a tti tu d es m ay b e f o rm ed
in th e co gniti v e dev elo pm ent of yo ung peo ple w ith o ut bein g co ntr o lle d .
Furth erm ore , as peo ple hav e to liv e in a so cie ty where vio le nce and
dis c rim in ati o n are th e no rm s, th ey are lik ely to sh o w anti - s o cia l atti tu d es o r
dis re sp ect to o th ers . F or e xam ple , if b oys liv e in s e xis t fa m ilie s in ru ra l a re as,
th ey w ill s h o w th e w orry in g te nd ency o f d is re sp ecti n g w om en w hen th ey g ro w u p .
Fortu nate ly , se v era l m easu re s c o uld b e ta ken to ta ckle /s o lv e th is p ro ble m . T he
fir s t s o lu ti o n i s th at g o vern m ents s h o uld r a is e p ub lic a w are ness i n o rd er to r e d uce
vio le nce a nd d is c rim in ati o n. M ore o ver, th ey sh o uld a ls o im pose str ic t la w s o n
pro hib iti n g v io le nt a nd d is c rim in ato ry a cts to d ete r th em f r o m c o m mitti n g a c rim e.
In a d diti o n, in te rm s o f p are nta l o blig ati o n/r e sp onsib ility , p are nts s h o uld e q ually
sp end th eir ti m e eq ually betw een w ork in g and brin gin g up / nurtu rin g th eir
offs p rin g. I f c hild re n h av e a ny s ig ns o f a n a nti - s o cia l a nd i n so le nt m anner, p are nts
will hav e to ta lk to th em im med ia te ly and p ro vid e th em co gniti v e o rie nta ti o n
pro perly / d ecentl y fo r th eir c hild re n. F in ally , p are nts s h o uld a ls o d ev elo p a p ro -
so cia l s e nse in th eir c hild re n, w hic h w ill r e su lt in p ositi v e in flu ences w hen th ey
are m atu re .
To c o nclu d e, th ere a re m any r e aso ns fo r th is is su e a nd a p pro pria te s te p s n eed to
be ta ken to ta ckle th is c o m plic ati o n.
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SA M PL E 1 5
Mult i- c u lt u ra l s o cie tie s, in w hic h t h ere is a m ix tu re o f d if fe re nt e th nic p eople ,
brin g m ore b enefit s th an d ra w back s to a co untr y . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
Today, im mig ra ti o n h as b eco m e o ne o f th e m ost p ro m in ent is su es a ll o ver th e
world . T his tr e nd h as le d to th e d ev elo pm ent o f v ario us m ix ed c ultu ra l s o cie ti e s
su ch a s th e U S, th e U K , C anad a a nd A ustr a lia . S om e p eo ple b elie v e th is tr e nd
exerts m ore m erits th an s h o rtc o m in gs to a ny n ati o n. P ers o nally , I to ta lly s u p port
th is v ie w poin t a s I d is c uss b elo w .
To b egin w ith , th e in flo w s o f im mig ra nts a re p ro bab ly b enefic ia l to a ny s o cie ty .
Fir s tl y , th ere w ould b e m ore in v estm ents , n ew s o urc es o f th e s k illfu l la b or fo rc e
and n ew w ays o f th in kin g b ro ught to h o st c o untr ie s. T hese fa cto rs a re c ru cia l to
in cre asin g th e co m peti ti v eness, effe cti v eness, and p ro ducti v ity o f any co untr y .
Seco nd ly , im mig ra nts w ork clo se ly w ith lo cal re sid ents in all asp ects o f life ,
cre ati n g m ore o pportu niti e s to s h arp en m utu al u nd ers ta nd in g a m ong in d iv id uals .
Als o , th e le v el o f to le ra nce w ould b e in cre ase d d ra sti c ally as o ne in d iv id ual
would b e m ore s y m path eti c a b out th e m atte rs o f o th er p eo ple .
How ev er, th is tr e nd d oes c o m e w ith v ario us n egati v e fe atu re s. A t ti m es, c erta in
co nflic ts m ig ht a ris e , e sp ecia lly w hen im mig ra nts tr y to m ain ta in th e c ultu re s a nd
custo m s o f th eir h o m e c o untr ie s, w hic h m ig ht n o t b e w id ely a ccep te d in a h o st
co untr y . T his w ould exp ose th em to num ero us o bsta cle s and d ete r th em fr o m
assim ila ti n g n ew life sty le . S uch m atte r, n ev erth ele ss, so oner o r la te r w ould b e
dealt w ith su ccessfu lly as div ers ity and eq uality are key co ntr ib uto rs to th e
dev elo pm ent o f c ultu re -ric h s o cie ti e s.
In c o nclu sio n, a m ix tu re o f c ultu re s a nd c usto m s re su lts in b oth a d vanta ges a nd
dis a d vanta ges to a ny n ati o n th o ugh th e la tte r is b elie v ed to b e tr iv ia l a nd c an b e
co m ple te ly r e so lv ed i n m ulti - c ultu ra l s o cie ti e s.
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SA M PL E 1 6
Now adays, y oung p eople a dm ir e s p orts s ta rs a lt h ough t h ey o fte n d o n ot s e t a
good e xam ple . D o y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
The p ast fe w y ears h av e s e en a d ra m ati c in cre ase in y o ungste rs w ho lo ok u p to
sp orts s ta rs a s ro le -m odels a lth o ugh n o t m any fa m ous a th le te s c o uld h av e g o od
pers o nal q ualiti e s. I n m y o pin io n, th is tr e nd c o uld b rin g/r e su lt i n b oth n egati v e a nd
positi v e s id es.
On th e o ne h and , y o ung p eo ple ’s a d m ir a ti o n h as tw o m ain b enefits . F ir s tl y , th e
le sso ns o f o verc o m in g d iffic ulti e s a nd o bsta cle s b ehin d th e s u ccess o f r e no w ned
sp orts p eo ple co uld in sp ir e ad ole sc ents to hav e a se nse o f achie v em ent. It is
co m mon th at in o rd er to b eco m e su ccessfu l, an ath le te has und erg o ne v ario us
in te nsiv e tr a in in g pro gra m s as w ell as co nq uer th e fe elin g of fa ilu re . T hus,
yo ungste rs w ould h av e m ore m oti v ati o n to p urs u e th eir d re am w hen th ey i d oliz e a
dete rm in ed a nd h ard -w ork in g s p orts s ta r. S eco nd ly , lo vin g a s p orts p ers o n c o uld
enco ura ge s tu d ents to m ake u se o f th eir fr e e ti m e to d o e xerc is e o r p la y s p orts ,
whic h i s b enefic ia l f o r th eir p hysic al w ell- b ein g.
On th e o th er h an d , th e a d ora ti o n o f y o ungste rs to w ard s s p orts p la yers m ig ht b rin g
so m e a d vers e im pacts . In fa ct, m ost a d ole sc ents a re e xtr e m ely im puls iv e s o th ey
co uld fo llo w b ad b ehav io urs o f th eir id ols w ith o ut c o nsid erin g w heth er th ey a re
rig ht o r w ro ng. F or i n sta nce, b ig f a ns a nd d esc end ants o f L ance A rm str o ng, w ho i s
a w ell- k no w n cyclin g ath le te , m ay m im ic his acti o n of ta kin g perfo rm ance-
enhancin g d ru gs w hile p arti c ip ati n g i n c o m peti ti o ns to w in a t a ll c o sts . I n a d diti o n
to th is , s p orts s ta rs o fte n e arn a h uge a m ount o f/a g re at d eal o f m oney s o th ey te nd
to im mers e th em se lv es in m ate ria lis ti c life sty le w ith p arti e s a nd n ig htc lu b s r a th er
th an a tte nd in g c harita b le a cti v iti e s, w hic h c o uld c re ate th e d etr im enta l in flu ence
on th e p ers o nality o f th eir a d m ir e rs w ho a re a t a ge o f p ub erty . T hus, in o rd er to
fo rm y o ungste rs ’ g o od p ers o naliti e s, th e p are nts sh o uld e d ucate th em to fo llo w
only th e g o od v ir tu es o f th eir i d ols .
In c o nclu sio n, id oliz in g fa m ous a th le te s c o uld b rin g b oth p ositi v e a nd n egati v e
in flu ences o n y o ung p eo ple . T here fo re , th e a d ole sc ents n eed to b e ta ught a b out
what th ey s h o uld a nd s h o uld n o t l e arn f r o m th eir i d ols .
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SA M PL E 1 7
Glo bal envir o nm enta l is su es are th e re sp onsib ilit y of ric h natio ns not of
poore r n atio ns.
Do y ou a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
Som e p eo ple a rg ue th at th e re sp onsib ility re sts w ith w ealth y n ati o ns ra th er th an
th eir le ss w ell- o ff co unte rp arts w hen th e w orld co nfr o nts w ith env ir o nm enta l
pro ble m s. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, th is o pin io n i s tr u e.
The fir s t re aso n to ju sti fy m y b elie f is th at ric h c o untr ie s b ear m ore b la m e o n
dam agin g th e e arth ’s e co sy ste m th an d ev elo pin g a nd u nd erd ev elo ped o nes. A s
th eir in d ustr ie s im pro ve, th ese c o untr ie s h av e p ollu te d th e n atu re b y d is c harg in g
to xic w aste in to it. A n o bvio us e xam ple o f th is is c arb on d io xid e e m is sio ns fr o m
th e b urn in g o f fo ssil fu el w hic h le ad s to o zo ne la yer d ep le ti o n. C onse q uentl y ,
re gard le ss o f i n co m e l e v el, a ll c o untr ie s a re f a cin g e ffe cts o f g lo bal w arm in g s u ch
as e xtr e m e w eath er a nd r is in g s e a le v els . O n th e o th er h and , lo w -in co m e n ati o ns
hav e n o t h ad s u ch s u ffic ie nt fin ance to b urn fo ssil fu el in la rg e q uanti ti e s s o th ey
canno t b e h eld r e sp onsib iliti e s f o r th is .
More o ver, w ealth y n ati o ns h av e th e c ap acity to p ay fo r th e d am ages th ey h av e
cause d to th e e arth . W hile p oor c o untr ie s a re s tr u gglin g w ith p ro ble m ati c i s su es i n
th eir so cie ty su ch as poverty and unem plo ym ent, th ese is su es are no lo nger
pro ble m s to w ealth y o nes. In ste ad o f th at, fin ancia l r e so urc es a cco m panie d w ith
ad vancem ents in s c ie nce a nd te chno lo gy w ould e nab le th em to u nd erta ke la rg e-
sc ale i n te rn ati o nal p ro je cts f o r th e p ro te cti o n o f n atu re . A n e xam ple o f th is i s h o w
dev elo ped c o untr ie s h av e su cceed ed in lo ts o f fu nd -ra is in g p ro je cts to su p port
th ir d w orld c o untr ie s w hic h a re s u ffe rin g f r o m th e e ffe cts o f g lo bal w arm in g.
In c o nclu sio n, I to ta lly a gre e th at it is ric h a nd d ev elo ped c o untr ie s, a nd n o t th e
poor o nes, a re a cco unta b le f o r th e c urre nt c o nd iti o n o f o ur e co sy ste m .
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SA M PL E 1 8
Som e p eople th in k th at th e te enage y ears a re th e h appie st tim es o f m ost
people ’s liv es. O th ers t h in k t h at a dult lif e b rin gs m ore h appin ess, in s p it e o f
gre ate r r e sp onsib ilit ie s.
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Peo ple te nd to f a v or a p arti c ula r d ura ti o n o f th eir l iv es. W hile s o m e p eo ple e njo y
th eir te enage ti m es d ue to th e f r e ed om a nd y o uth fu l l ife sty le , I w ould p re fe r to b e a
fin ancia lly i n d ep end ent a nd f r e ely a d ult.
On th e o ne h and , b ein g a n a d ole sc ent c an b e fa sc in ati n g a nd e xciti n g. T eenagers
do no t need to w orry ab out earn in g fo r th eir liv in gs as th eir pare nts are
re sp onsib le fo r th at. They are pro vid ed w ith fo od and necessiti e s w ith o ut
worry in g a b out g etti n g p aid in th e n ext m onth o r b ein g fir e d fr o m th eir jo bs. A s a
re su lt, th ey c an e njo y l ife m uch b ette r c o m pare d to a d ults . M ore o ver, a s te enagers
are s ti ll in th e a ge fo r s c ho ol, th ey a re e xp ose d to d iffe re nt in te re sti n g a cti v iti e s.
Unlik e g ro w n-u p w ho s p end m ost o f th eir ti m es a t th e w ork p la ce, s tu d ents c an n o t
only s tu d y b ut a ls o a tte nd liv ely a cti v iti e s s u ch a s s c o uti n g, c am pin g o r jo in in g
vario us c o m peti ti o ns.
On th e o th er h and , a n a d ult h as m ore o pportu niti e s a nd fr e ed om to e ngage in a ny
acti v ity th ey w ant. T his is b ecause th ey c an e arn fo r th eir o w n liv in gs a nd a re
more fin ancia lly in d ep end ent; h ence, th ey c an d o th eir o w n ju d gm ents o n h o w to
use th e m oney. In a d diti o n, a s a n a d ult, th ey d o n o t n ecessa rily n eed p erm is sio ns
fr o m th e p are nts fo r a nyth in g. If th ey w ant to v entu re a b usin ess, it is u p to th eir
ow n a b ility to d o s o w ith o ut c o nstr a in s f r o m a nyb ody. O k g o od
To su m u p , b ein g a te enager o r a n a d ult h as its o w n e xcite m ents . H ow ev er, I
would b elie v e a d ults c an a chie v e m uch m ore o f th eir d esir e s d ue to th eir f in ancia l
ab ility a nd f r e ed om .
262 w ord s
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SA M PL E 1 9
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at m ain p urp ose o f s c h ools is t o t u rn c h ild re n in to g ood
cit iz ens a nd w ork ers in ste ad o f t o b enefit t h em in div id ually .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Many p eo ple b elie v e th at th e ro le o f s c ho ols s h o uld b e to p ro vid e c hild re n th e
way to b e p ro ducti v e m em bers . W hile th is is tr u e to s o m e e xte nt, I a ls o th in k th e
obje cti v es o f e d ucati o n s h o uld b e to h elp c hild re n g ro w a s i n d iv id uals .
On th e o ne h and , sc ho ols in sti ll th e c ultu ra l v alu es th at a re sh are d b y so cie ty .
Child re n can le arn w hat is go od, rig ht, fa ir and w ro ng th ro ugh le sso ns or
extr a curric ula r a cti v iti e s. F or in sta nce, c iv ic s c ase s tu d y w hic h b ase d o n th e r e al
situ ati o ns h elp s tu d ents a p pro ach a nd s o lv e th e p ro ble m s in c o m ple x s y ste m s o f
th e so cia l o rg aniz a ti o n th en o ffe r th em a lo t o f in sig hts in to h um an b ehav io rs .
Furth erm ore , s k ills th at e nab le c hild re n to s u cceed in th e jo b m ark et c an fir s t b e
le arn ed in sc ho ol. Acco m plis h in g diffe re nt ta sk s am ong diffe re nt su b je cts
im pro ves s tu d ent's s k ill s u ch a s ti m e m anagem ent, te am w ork in g o r p erfo rm ance
sk ill. C hild re n w ho d o n o t h av e a c hance g o to s c ho ol w ill n o t p ro bab ly p erfo rm
well.
On th e o th er h and , o ne s ig nific ant p urp ose o f s c ho ols i s to h elp c hild re n d is c o ver
th eir p ote nti a l. S cho ol is a n id eal e nv ir o nm ent w ith a n um ber o f su b je cts a nd
acti v iti e s, o f c o urs e , m ost o f th em a re se le cte d a nd p re p are d b y p ro fe sso rs . In
ad diti o n, te achers w ho s o m eti m es h av e m any c hances to o bvers e c hild re n e v ery
day, th ey a re tr a in ed to h elp c hild re n u nd ers ta nd th eir s tr e ngth s a nd im pro ve th eir
weaknesse s. T he te acher can als o easily sp ot stu d ents ' ta le nts , help child re n
pra cti c e a nd a llo w th em to d o s o m eth in g th ey a re g o od a t o r a b le to c ho ose th e
su b je cts th at b est s u it th em . S o th at c hild re n c an d ev elo p c o nfid ence a s a p ers o n.
In c o nclu sio n, sc ho ols sh o uld p ro vid e a b ala nced e d ucati o n p ro gra m , n o t o nly
help c hild re n b eco m e a g o od m em ber o f s o cie ty b ut a ls o m ake th em s tr o nger a nd
co m peti ti v e i n a ll d ynam ic o f l ife .
291 w ord s
339

SA M PL E 2 0
An A m eric a n a cto r o nce s a id , “ T om orro w is im porta nt a nd p re cio us” . S om e
people th in k in div id uals s h ould p ay m ore a tte ntio n to th e fu tu re th an to th e
pre se nt. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
The q uesti o n w heth er to m orro w is m ore im porta nt a nd p re cio us th an to day h as
dra w n m uch a tte nti o n fr o m th e p ub lic . P ers o nally , I a d here to th e o pin io n th at th e
tw o c o nsid era ti o ns a re b asic ally i n te rd ep end ent a nd i n d is p ensa b le .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at th e p re se nt p la ys a c entr a l r o le i n th e f u tu re .
In iti a lly , to day i s th e f o und ati o n o f to m orro w . T here fo re , a t th e m om ent w e s h o uld
make a n e ffo rt to l a y a s o lid f o und ati o n f o r th e w ay w e l iv e, s tu d y, w ork , a nd p la y.
More o ver, if w e ju st d re am o f a b rig ht fu tu re a nd ig no re w hat w e a ctu ally s h o uld
do r ig ht n o w , w e w ill s u re ly f a il to a chie v e o ur p urp ose i n th e f u tu re . I n a d diti o n,
what gro und is to th e build in g is w hat to day is to to m orro w . F or exam ple ,
sc ie nti s ts w ill in v ent m ore a d vanced te chno lo gie s w hic h d ep end o n th e p re se nt
co nd iti o ns o f m odern te chno lo gie s.
On th e o th er h and , th e f u tu re e xerts a p ro fo und i n flu ence o n th e s o cie ty . F ir s tl y , th e
fu tu re i s th e g uid ance o f o ur l iv in g s ta nd ard s a nd s o cia l d ev elo pm ent. B ecause o f
th e a d vent o f a n ew e ra , in d iv id uals w ill b e s o on to fin d th em se lv es liv in g in a n
alte re d w orld w hic h calls fo r new ju d gm ent, new id eas, and new hab its .
Seco nd ly , th e m ore atte nti o n w e p ay to th e fu tu re , th e m ore energ y w e get to
re so lv e v ario us h ard sh ip s in o ur life . W ith th e r ig ht a tti tu d e o f th e fu tu re , p eo ple
will g o a str a y a nd a v oid a b and onin g th em se lv es o n th e fa ilu re h ap pened a t th e
pre se nt o r e v en m ore i n th e p ast.
To ro und o ff, h av in g c o nsid ere d b oth v ie w s, I b elie v e th at th e p re se nt a nd th e
fu tu re p la y a n e q ually v ita l r o le i n o ur l iv es. W e n o t o nly s h o uld tr y o ur b est a t th e
mom ent, b ut a ls o h av e a l o ng s ig ht o f th e f u tu re .
287 w ord s
340

SA M PL E 2 1
People s h ould f o llo w t h e c u sto m s a nd t r a dit io ns w hen p eople s ta rt t o liv e in a
new c o untr y . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e a nd d is a gre e?
These d ays, th ere h as b een a g ro w in g tr e nd o f m ig ra ti n g to o th er c o untr ie s to
work , s tu d y o r tr a v el, c ausin g s o m e p ub lic c o ntr o vers ie s. It h as b een a rg ued th at
lo cal p eo ple sh o uld a ccep t fo re ig ners ’ c ultu ra l d iffe re nces, I a gre e th at p eo ple
sh o uld a d ap t to th e l o cal
On th e one han d , th ere are se v era l re aso ns w hy new co m ers w ill get in to
diffic ulti e s if th ey d o n o t fo llo w th e c ultu re o f th e h o st c o untr y . F ir s t, s in ce s o m e
new co m ers s h o w a la ck o f re sp ect fo r th e b ehav io rs a nd re gula ti o ns o f lo cals ,
th ey w ill beco m e im polite and m ake th e lo cal citi z e ns angry . F or exam ple ,
fo re ig ners c o uld b e n o t o nly c o nsid ere d to b e d ir ty b ut a ls o fin ed h eav ily fo r
litte rin g th e str e et with garb age and gum . Seco nd , if th e entr e p re neurs
und ere sti m ate h o w d iffe re nt b usin ess p ra cti c es w hen th ey s ta rt u p a b usin ess in a
new co untr y , th eir co m panie s w ill be ab le to w in and keep th e custo m ers ,
esp ecia lly in fa st- m ovin g co nsu m er go ods se cto r. T his m eans th at th ey canno t
co m pete m ore e ffe cti v ely w ith r iv als a nd f a il s o oner o r l a te r i n th e f o re ig n m ark et.
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at i t i s m ore b enefic ia l f o r f o re ig ners to a d ap t to th e
no rm s o f so cia l b ehav io r in th e n ew c o untr y . F ir s t, b y sh o w in g re sp ect fo r th e
lo cal l ife sty le , th e n ew co m ers w ill b e w elc o m ed b y th e l o cal p eo ple . A s a r e su lt,
th ey can b uild th e clo se re la ti o nsh ip s and m utu al und ers ta nd in g w ith th e ho st
co m munity w hic h l e ad to g re ate r i n te gra ti o n. S eco nd , f o re ig ners w ould g ain m ore
in te re sti n g exp erie nce fr o m enjo yin g asp ects of lo cal custo m s and tr a d iti o ns,
whic h a llo w s th em to b le nd in to th e c o m munity life a nd a v oid s o cia l is o la ti o n.
For i n sta nce,
Vie tn am ese p eo ple in th e U SA n o t o nly c ele b ra te L unar N ew Y ear, b ut a ls o o fte n
parti c ip ate i n th e l o cal N ew Y ear c ele b ra ti o ns a nd f ir e w ork s i n s o m e m ajo r c iti e s
whic h m ake th em f e el th at th ey b elo ng to th eir n ew c o untr ie s.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh e v ery o ne h as th eir o w n c ultu re , it s e em s m e th at p eo ple
sh o uld i n te gra te f u lly i n to s o cie ty i n th e h o st c o untr ie s.
325 w ord s
341

SA M PL E 2 2
Som e people th in k it is nece ssa ry to use anim als fo r te stin g m edic in es
in te nded f o r h um an u se . O th ers, h ow ever, t h in k it is c ru el t o d o t h at.
Dis c u ss b oth o f t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
The pra cti c e of exam in in g m ed ic in es befo re use pla ys an im porta nt ro le in
ensu rin g use rs ' sa fe ty . H ow ev er, th ere are opposite vie w s ab out w heth er
exp erim enta ti o n o n a nim als fo r m ed ic al p urp ose s a re in hum an o r n o t. W hile I a m
in f a v or o f th e v ie w th at a nim al te sti n g i s m ora lly w ro ng, I w ould h av e to s u p port
it f o r th e d ev elo pm ent o f m ed ic in es.
On th e o ne h and , te sti n g a nim als fo r th e u sa b ility o f m ed ic in es is u neth ic al a s it
cause s physic al pain s fo r in no cent anim als . W e co uld no t und ers ta nd th e
tr e m end ous p ain a nd s c are f e elin g a nim als h av e to s u ffe r f r o m b ecause f e w p eo ple
kno w th at a nim als a re n o t g iv en a nesth eti c s w hen te sts a re c o nd ucte d . M ore o ver,
ho w p eo ple h av e b ehav ed to w ard s a nim als is g ra d ually m akin g h um ans b eco m e
in cre asin gly in se nsiti v e. F or e xam ple , w hen p eo ple a re re ally to o fa m ilia r w ith
new s r e gard in g e xp erim ents o n a nim als , th ey w ould c o nsid er s u ch a cti v iti e s to b e
no rm al. H ence, m en's s y m path y f o r a nim als i s r a p id ly f a d in g.
On th e o th er h and , s u p porte rs o f th e u se o f a nim als i n m ed ic al r e se arc h h av e th eir
ow n ju sti fic ati o ns. E xp erim ents o n anim als hav e gre atl y co ntr ib ute d to sa v in g
peo ple f r o m f a ta l d is e ase s s u ch a s E bola f e v er o r m ala ria b ecause th ey w ill a ssis t
med ic al r e se arc hers to fin d o ut d iffe re nt ty p es o f m ed ic in es o r r e m ed ie s fo r s u ch
dis e ase s a nd a ssu re th e s a fe ty o f th o se m ed ic in es f o r c o nsu m ers . T here fo re , th o se
who a re a gain st te sti n g a nim als m ig ht th in k d iffe re ntl y w hen th eir b elo ved p ers o ns
need a tr e atm ent th at has been dev elo ped th ro ugh th e use of anim al
exp erim enta ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh I d is a gre e w ith a nim al te sti n g b ecause th is a cti o n i s c ru el,
it w ould b e m ore b ru ta l if th e a nnual n um bers o f d eath s r o se s tr o ngly d ue to th e
la ck o f d ru gs w hic h n eed to b e e xam in ed o n a nim als ' b odie s. T here fo re , u nti l
eq ually effe cti v e alte rn ati v es are dev elo ped , I th in k th is pra cti c e is sti ll
co m pre hensib le .
294 w ord s
342

SA M PL E 2 3
Many g overn m ents t h in k t h at e co nom ic p ro gre ss is t h eir m ost im porta nt g oal.
Som e people , how ever, th in k th at oth er ty pes of pro gre ss are equally
im porta nt f o r a c o untr y .
Dis c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
The d ev elo pm ent o f a c o untr y d ep end s o n th e c o ntr ib uti o n o f m any i n d ic ato rs .
While s o m e g o vern m ents b elie v e th at e co no m ic p ro gre ss i s a n i m porta nt f a cto r to
measu re th e n ati o n’s s u ccess, o th ers a sse rt th at, a p art f r o m e co no m ic , th ere a re
se v era l f a cto rs th at s h o uld b e a d vanced a nd c o nsid ere d s u ch a s e d ucati o n a nd
health care .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy g o vern m ents th in k e co no m ic s i s
th e m ost c o nsid era b le a sp ect a s th e m ost c ru cia l g o al. I n f a ct, w ith th e s tr a te gy
fo cusin g o n g enera ti n g p ro fits , s o m e c o m panie s w ill tr y to r e d uce u nnecessa ry
ste p s i n th e m anufa ctu rin g p ro cess o r i n cre ase e m plo yee’s p erfo rm ance i n o rd er to
maxim iz e th e e arn ed r e v enue. A s a r e su lt, e m plo yees a re l ik ely to e arn h ig her
sa la rie s w hic h c o ntr ib ute to th e b ette r l iv in g s ta nd ard . M ore o ver, th e p ro sp ero us
eco no m y a ls o h elp s to a ttr a ct m ore p ote nti a l f o re ig n i n v esto rs w ith a h uge b ud get.
Thanks to th e i n v estm ent s o urc es f r o m d ev elo ped c o untr ie s, m any s ta rt- u p s
pro je cts c an r u n s m ooth ly w ith h ig h p ossib ility o f s u ccess. T here fo re , m any j o b
vacancie s w ill b e c re ate d a nd th e r a te o f u nem plo ym ent w ill b e r e d uced .
On th e o th er h and , th e s ta nd ard s o f e d ucati o n, h ealth , a nd h um an r ig hts s h o uld
eq ually b e c o nsid ere d w hen s e tti n g a n ati o n’s ta rg et o f d ev elo pm ent. F ir s tl y , th e
go vern m ent s h o uld c o ncentr a te o n h ealth c are s e rv ic es r a th er th an th e p re ssu re o f
moneta ry . A ppare ntl y , i n th e p erio d o f i n d ustr ia liz a ti o n, th e e nv ir o nm ent i s b ein g
harm ed b y a ir p ollu ti o n a nd w aste w hic h r e su lt i n g as e m is sio n f r o m f a cto rie s.
Conse q uentl y , p eo ple a re l ik ely to b e s u ffe rin g f r o m s o m e f a ta l a ilm ents s u ch a s
cancer. S eco nd ly , th e g o vern m ent a ls o n eed to f o cus o n E ducati o n b ecause w ell-
ed ucate d w ork fo rc e a llo w s a v arie ty c o m panie s a nd i n d ustr ie s to f lo uris h , l e ad in g
to tr a d e w ith o th er c o untr ie s a nd i n cre ase d w ealth .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re m any f a cto rs c o ntr ib ute to th e c o m mon d ev elo pm ent o f th e
nati o n a nd I w ould a rg ue th at g o vern m ent s h o uld c are th o se l is te d i n d ic ato rs
eq ually .
300 w ord s
343

SA M PL E 2 4
In m any c o untr ie s, t h e q ualit y o f lif e in la rg e c it ie s is b eco m in g w orse . W hat
are t h e c a use s f o r t h is p ro ble m ? W hat m easu re s d o y ou t h in k s h ould b e t a k en
to t a ck le t h is p ro ble m ?
Liv in g s ta nd ard p la ys a n i n te gra l r o le i n th e d ev elo pm ent o f m ost c o untr ie s a s
well a s h um an l ife . T he q uality o f l ife i n a n um ber o f l a rg e c iti e s i s n egati v ely
affe cte d b y m any p ro ble m s. F ro m m y p ers p ecti v e, th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns
behin d th is p heno m eno n s u ch a s p ollu ti o n a nd o verp opula ti o n, a nd th us, s o m e
so lu ti o ns s h o uld b e a d opte d to ta ckle th is i s su e.
Fir s t o f a ll, th e g re at p opula ti o n h as a n egati v e i m pact o n th e q uality o f l ife .
In d eed , th e b ulk o f c iti e s s e em s to b e o ver-p opula te d , w hic h r e su lts i n th e l a ck o f
la nd to b uild m ore a nd m ore b uild in gs. T here fo re , th e g o vern m enta l b ody m ust
in cre ase s ig nific antl y th e c o st o f a n a p artm ent a cco m modati o n a nd a s th e r e su lt,
peo ple h av e n um ero us c halle nges i n f in d in g th eir h o use s. M ore o ver,
env ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s a re c o nsid ere d a s a c ause o f d ecre asin g l ife ’s q uality .
For e xam ple , th ere a re a v arie ty o f f a cto rie s l o cate d i n th e c entr e o f a c ity , w hic h
dis c harg e c hem ic al w aste i n to m ost r iv ers a nd l a kes a s w ell a s l e ad in g to a ir
co nta m in ati o n, a nd a s a r e su lt, th is p uts p eo ple ’s h ealth i n d anger.
Furth erm ore , th e n ati o nal b odie s s h o uld h av e s e v era l m easu re s to s o lv e th e i s su es.
Fir s tl y , th e a uth o rity s h o uld e nco ura ge i n hab ita nt’ s m ig ra ti o n to s o m e p art o f r iv al
are as. O bvio usly , b y d in t o f a p ply in g th is s o lu ti o n, th e c iti z e ns m ig ht h av e m ore
sp aces to c o nstr u ct th eir h o use s i n ste ad o f r e nti n g a n a p artm ent i n th e c ity .
Seco nd ly , th e g o vern m ent c an i n cre ase th e l e v el o f p unis h m ent to m ost f a cto rie s i f
th ey c ause e nv ir o nm enta l i s su es. T o i llu str a te , b y d in t o f a ssu m in g th eir m easu re , a
varie ty o f i n d ustr ia l a re as m ust i n sta ll s o m e w ate r f ilte rin g s y ste m a s w ell a s
cutti n g d ow n e m is sio ns to th e a tm osp here .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re s o m e u nd esir a b le m atte rs to th e q uality o f l ife i n a n um ber
of l a rg e c iti e s, b ut, th ey c an b e ta ckle d b y m any e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o ns.
296 w ord s
344

SA M PL E 2 5
It is m ore im porta nt f o r a b uild in g t o s e rv e a p urp ose t h an t o lo ok b eautif u l.
Arc h it e cts s h ould n’t w orry a bout p ro ducin g b uild in g a s a w ork o f a rt. D o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e?
Recent d ecad es h av e w itn esse d th e b urg eo nin g p opula ti o n a nd th e s c arc ity o f
la nd , r a is in g m any q uesti o ns a b out th e o utw ard a p peara nce a nd th e f u ncti o n.
Alth o ugh th e o pin io n th at a g o od b uild in g s h o uld b e u se fu l a p pears to b e
re aso nab le , I th in k th at to day‘s a rc hite ct h as th e e xp erti s e a nd th e r e so urc es to
desig n b uild in gs w hic h a re b oth b eauti fu l a nd u ti lita ria n.
It i s tr u e th at a esth eti c ally a p pealin g a p peara nce c o ntr ib ute s to b ro ad -b ase d
benefits f o r c iti z e ns. F ir s t, m agnific ent o ute r s p ace c o uld b rin g a b out m any
pre sti g io us c o m merc ia l v alu es. F or e xam ple , i t i s th e o utw ard a p peara nce th at
attr a cts c usto m er’s a tte nti o n i f th ey a re s h o ppin g c ente rs o r s k ysc ra p ers w hic h a re
arc hite ctu ra l m arv els i n te rm s o f b eauty . S eco nd , th ere a re s o m e b uild in gs
sy m boliz in g th e h is to ry o f th e c ity th ey l o cate , th ere fo re , th ese b uild in gs n eed to b e
arti s ti c f r o m th e o uts id e. F or i n sta nce, H ano i O pera H ouse h as l o ng b een
co nsid ere d a V ie tn am ese c ultu re s ite , th us, m ain ta in in g i ts a ttr a cti v e e xte rio r i s
und oub te d ly a n e sse nti a l ta sk .
On th e o th er h and , th e f u ncti o n h as p la yed a n i m porta nt r o le i n a b uild in g. F ir s t,
ev ery b uild in g’s c o nstr u cti o n n eed s to b e s a fe a nd c o m fo rta b le . F or e xam ple , a
sh o ppin g m all h as to p osse ss a w id e w alk s ite , a g o od l ig ht s y ste m a nd a d eq uate
em erg ency e xis ts . S eco nd , e ach b uild in g h as i ts o w n p ra cti c al u se s, s o a rc hite cts
hav e to d esig n i t w ith a v ie w to s a ti s fy in g th e r e q uir e m ents o f th e b uild in g’s u se rs .
As a r e su lt, i t w ould d elig ht a nd r a is e th e p eo ple ’s s p ir its .
In c o nclu sio n, d esp ite th e v ie w th at a b uild in g n eed s th e u se fu l f u ncti o n a nd
aesth eti c s, I b elie v e th at a g o od b uild in g i s u ti lita ria n a nd b eauti fu l b oth .
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SA M PL E 2 6
Som e p eople t h in k t h at w hen a p erso n t r a vels in to a d if fe re nt c u lt u re t h ey
sh ould a dapt t o t h e lo ca l p ra ctic e s a nd c u sto m s. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e?
In r e cent y ears , th ere h as b een a g ro w in g tr e nd o f tr a v ellin g to f o re ig n c o untr ie s
aro und th e w orld , th anks to g lo baliz a ti o n. A lth o ugh m any p eo ple a rg ue th at
to uris ts s h o uld n o t b e r e q uir e d to c o nfo rm to th e l o cal c usto m s a nd tr a d iti o ns
when th ey m ake a j o urn ey a b oard , p le nty o f e v id ence s u ggests th at th e o pposite i s
necessa ry .
There a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns w hy f o llo w in g th e c o m munity /n ati v e c ultu re i s
benefic ia l to / b rin gs v ario us b enefits to th em se lv es. F ir s t, p eo ple w ho v is it
ano th er n ati o n w ould b e m ore w elc o m ed b y i n hab ita nts i n th e h o st c o untr y , i f th ey
are w illin g to a d ap t to th e l o cal p ra cti c es a nd c o nv enti o ns. A s a r e su lt, f o re ig ners
will m ake f r ie nd s m ore e asily a nd th ey w ill b e r e ceiv ed h elp f r o m th e r e sid ents ,
whic h m in im iz e s th e d iffic ulti e s o f g etti n g u se d to c usto m s o f o th er c o untr ie s.
Seco nd , th e tr a v ellin g e xp erie nce th at v is ito rs w ill g ain f r o m b ein g a p arti c ip ant
in th e n o rm s o f s o cia l b ehav io r i s p ric ele ss i n th eir l ife . T here fo re , th ey c an a v oid
any i s su es e sp ecia lly g etti n g i n to tr o ub le w ith th e p olic e o ccurrin g f r o m v io la ti n g
th e r u le s o f d esti n ati o n c o untr ie s. F or e xam ple , m y y o unger s is te r, a tw elfth g ra d es
stu d ent, o nce to ld m e th at s h e n o t o nly w as f in ed 2 00 d olla rs d urin g h er h o lid ay i n
Sin gap ore b ut a ls o w as a rre ste d to th e p olic e s ta ti o n a ll d ay b ecause s h e th re w
aw ay r u b bis h b y a ccid ent i n th e s tr e et.
It s h o uld b e a ckno w le d ged th at th e l o cal p eo ple w ould h av e a v arie ty o f
ad vanta ges f r o m to uris ts ’ c o m plia nce w ith th eir c ultu re . O ne o f th ese
ad vanta ges/b enefits i s th at th e c iti z e ns d o n o t h av e to a d ju st th eir w ay o f l ife , s o
th ey c an p re se rv e th eir c ultu ra l a nd h is to ric al m onum ents . I t i s a n e xtr e m ely
im porta nt i s su e to c o ntr ib ute to th e e nd urin g d ev elo pm ent o f h um an s o cie ti e s, i n
eith er e co no m y o r p oliti c s. I n a d diti o n, b y m ain ta in in g u niq ue c ultu re s a nd a ncie nt
tr a d iti o ns, th e g o vern m ent w ill b e a b le to a ttr a ct m ore a nd m ore h o lid aym akers to
vis it th e c o untr y , w hic h b rin gs a d vanta ges to n o t o nly th o se w ho r u n b usin ess i n
to uris t i n d ustr y b ut a ls o th e s o cie ty a s a w ho le a s th ere w ill b e m ore e m plo ym ent
and m oney to e nco ura ge th e p ro gre ss o f th e r e gio n.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s e sse nti a l to o bey th e d iffe re nt c ultu re w hen g o in g to a f o re ig n
one a s th is b enefits n o t o nly th e to uris ts th em se lv es b ut a ls o th e l o cal r e sid ents i n
th e h o st c o untr y .
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SA M PL E 2 7
In m odern s o cie ty , it is p ossib le t o g o s h oppin g, w ork a nd c o m munic a te v ia t h e
In te rn et w it h out f a ce -to -fa ce c o nta ct w it h o ne a noth er. T o w hat e xte nt d o
you t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
There i s a g ro w in g tr e nd to w ard s i n te gra ti n g c utti n g-e d ge te chno lo gy i n to a
num ber o f d aily a cti v iti e s, a nd i n te rp ers o nal c o m munic ati o n h as b een i n cre asin gly
re p la cin g. W hile th is d ev elo pm ent h as b een f r a ught w ith p itf a lls , I b elie v e th e
ad vanta ges w ould o utw eig h th ese d ra w backs.
There e xis t s o m e p ote nti a l d is a d vanta ges w hen w e a re e xp ose d to c o m pute rs o n a
re gula r b asis . I n f a ct, n o w ad ays, p eo ple h av e a te nd ency to b e o ver-re lia nt o n
te chno lo gy a nd i n -p ers o n i n te ra cti o n s e em s to d is a p pear. T here fo re , th e
enhancem ent o f c o m munic ati v e s k ills w ould b e m arg in al, w hic h h as a m yria d o f
ad vers e i m pacts n o t o nly o n a d ole sc ents a t s c ho ol b ut a ls o a d ults a t th eir
work p la ce. I n a d diti o n, th e l ik elih o od o f b ein g a d dic te d to te chno lo gy c o uld
esc ala te /a sc end d ue to th e e xcessiv e e xp osu re to a c o m pute r m onito r. A s a r e su lt,
peo ple w ould b e p ro ne to h av e a s e d enta ry l ife sty le , w hic h l e ad s th em to c o nd uct
many d angero us d is e ase s, e sp ecia lly o besity o r h eart- re la te d p hysic al i s su es.
How ev er, s u p ers e d in g r e al i n te ra cti o n b y te chno lo gy w ould b rin g a b out m ore
merits . F ir s t, s in ce th e a ccessib ility to th e I n te rn et h as b een w id esp re ad a ro und th e
world , p eo ple c o uld ta ke a d vanta ge o f u se fu l a p plic ati o ns s e rv in g a l o t o f
purp ose s to s a v e th eir ti m e. F or e xam ple , i n ste ad o f s p end in g a g re at a m ount o f
ti m e o n g o in g to d ep artm ent s to re s, p eo ple n o w h av e th e a b ility to o pt f o r s e rv ic es
and g o ods a t h o m e th anks to th e p re se nce o f f r e e s h o ppin g a p ps. S eco nd , th e
re p la cem ent m ay a ct a s a c o ntr ib uto r to th e a lle v ia ti o n o f tr a ffic c o ngesti o n i n a
wid e/s ig nific ant n um ber o f u rb an a re as b ecause o f th e l o w er r a te o f p arti c ip ati n g
in tr a nsp orta ti o n. T he i m plic ati o n o f th is i s th at i n d iv id uals c o uld a ls o e co no m iz e
on f u el e xp ense s a nd tr a v el c o sts a nd m ake u se o f s u ch m oney to b oost th eir w ell-
bein g.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile s o m e c o nsid er a p ply in g te chno lo gy i n to o ur s o cia l l ife a
negati v e d ev elo pm ent, i t i s m y b elie f th at te chno lo gy h as p la yed a n i n d is p ensa b le
ro le i n o ur l iv es a nd o ffe re d r e m ark ab le a d vanta ges/v ir tu es.
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SA M PL E 2 8
Som e p eople b elie ve t h at s tu dyin g a t u niv ersit y o r c o lle ge is t h e b est r o ute t o
a s u cce ssfu l c a re er, w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is b ette r t o g et a j o b s tr a ig ht
afte r s c h ool.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io ns.
MODEL A NSW ER 1 :
The q uesti o n o f w hat p ath w ay l e ad s to a s u ccessfu l c are er s ti ll r e m ain s a to pic o f
deb ate a m ongst y o ungste rs . W hile s o m e p eo ple s u p pose th at te rti a ry e d ucati o n i s
th e m ost o pti m um s e le cti o n, o th ers a rg ue j o b o pportu niti e s p ro vid e th em w ith
bette r p ro sp ects i n th eir f u tu re c are er.
On th e o ne h and , i t c an b e u nd enia b le th at u niv ers ity i s a n o ffic ia l e nv ir o nm ent
where s tu d ents c an a cq uir e f o rm al k no w le d ge. W ith a te am o f w ell- e d ucate d
te achers a nd a s y ste m o f s ta nd ard iz e d c urric ulu m , i t c an m ake s u re th at s tu d ents
can b e tr a in ed to b eco m e e ffic ie nt l a b our f o rc e f o r s o cie ty . F urth erm ore , th e
dis c ip lin es a t a cad em ic i n sti tu ti o ns h elp y o ung p eo ple r a is e th eir a w are ness o f
ev ery a sp ect o f th eir l iv es. A s a r e su lt, th ey w ould b e m ore m atu re a nd r e ad y to
co nfr o nt c halle nges i n th e f u tu re .
How ev er, i t i s a ls o p la usib le to s a y th at e nte rin g u niv ers ity i s n o t th e s o le
opportu nity i n th e m odern d ays. T he n um ber o f s tu d ents s e curin g a j o b a fte r h ig h
sc ho ol g ra d uati o n h as b een i n cre ase d c o nsid era b ly r e centl y b ecause o f i ts m erits .
Fir s t, i t w ould b e a p ro bati o n p erio d f o r th em to te st w heth er th eir e xp ecte d
occup ati o ns a re s u ita b le f o r th em o r n o t. I n c ase th ey f in d th em u nsa ti s fie d , th ere
are a lw ays c hance to r e m ake o th er d ecis io ns. S eco nd , th e f a ct s h o w s th at th ere a re
num ero us p eo ple w ho h av e n o i n te re st i n s tu d yin g, h o w ev er, th ey h av e a k nack f o r
oth er c erta in a re as. F or e xam ple , B ill G ate s, w ho i s o ne o f th e m ost w ell- k no w n
billio nair e s i n th e w orld , d id n o t g ra d uate f r o m a ny w ell- re p ute d u niv ers ity , b ut h e
has b een e xtr e m ely s u ccessfu l i n h is b usin ess to d ev elo p M ic ro so ft o pera ti o n
sy ste m .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere w ould b e n o a ccura te a nsw ers f o r th e q uesti o n o f w heth er
univ ers iti e s o r p ro fe ssio ns a fte r s c ho ol i s b enefic ia l f o r s tu d ents . H ow ev er, i n m y
opin io n, i f a p ers o n w as n o t b orn w ith a c erta in ta le nt, th e u niv ers ity w ould b e a n
easie r r o ute f o r th e f u tu re p re p ara ti o n.
349

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word s
MODEL A NSW ER 2 :
Upon g ra d uati n g f r o m s c ho ol, th e y o unger g enera ti o n h as f a ced th e d ile m ma o f
wheth er th ey s h o uld k eep o n s tu d yin g o r n o t. W hile s o m e p eo ple s u p pose th at
getti n g a j o b r ig ht a fte r s c ho ol i s th e b est c ho ic e to o bta in w ell- p aid j o bs, I w ould
arg ue th at i t i s b ette r to p urs u e h ig her e d ucati o n.
Work in g s tr a ig ht a fte r s c ho ol a ctu ally a p peals to te enagers f o r s e v era l r e aso ns.
Fir s tl y , th ey w ill h av e a c hance to e arn m oney a s s o on a s p ossib le w hic h i s a
fu nd am enta l c o nd iti o n to l iv e i n d ep end entl y . T hey n o t o nly a re a b le to ta ke c are o f
th em se lv es b ut a ls o s u p port th eir f a m ily . S eco nd ly , th ey w ill g ain r e al e xp erie nce
and l e arn p ra cti c al s k ills r e la te d to th eir c ho se n p ro fe ssio n. A s a r e su lt, p eo ple
who d ecid e to f in d a j o b m ay p ro gre ss m ore q uic kly th an th o se c ho osin g to
co nti n ue th eir s tu d ie s.
On th e o th er h and , i f e m plo yees g ra d uate u niv ers ity , th ey w ill h av e m ore
ad vanta ges. I n te rm s o f c are er, a c o lle ge e d ucati o n h elp s s tu d ents to m eet h ig her-
le v el q ualific ati o ns s u ch a s d octo r, te acher, l a w yer w hic h i s i m possib le f o r
peo ple w ith o ut a r e le v ant d egre e. I n a d diti o n, th e j o b m ark et h as b eco m e m ore
and m ore h ig hly c o m peti ti v e a nd th us, to p j o bs w hic h a re h ig hly p aid a re u su ally
chase d b y h und re d s o f a p plic ants a nd th e e m plo yers te nd to c ho ose p eo ple o w nin g
acad em ic q ualific ati o ns. I n f a ct, i n V ie tn am , s tu d ents w ho g ra d uate u niv ers ity a s
engin eer o r b achelo r o fte n h av e a n e asy ti m e g etti n g a g o od j o b.
In c o nclu sio n, b oth f in d in g a w ork r ig ht a fte r s c ho ol a nd s tu d yin g a t th e u niv ers ity
hav e th eir o w n u niq ue a d vanta ge; h o w ev er, I b elie v e th at p eo ple w ho c ho ose to
co nti n ue h ig her-le v el s tu d ie s a re g uara nte ed a m ore s u ccessfu l c are er.
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SA M PL E 2 9
Many p eople b elie ve t h at in te rn atio nal t o uris m is a b ad t h in g f o r t h eir
co untr y . W hat a re t h e r e aso ns? S olu tio ns t o c h ange n egativ e a ttit u des.
Tra v el d esti n ati o ns a ll o ver th e w orld w elc o m e a g ro w in g i n flu x o f f o re ig n
vis ito rs e v ery y ear. R esid ents l iv in g i n th ese p la ces a re , h o w ev er, f in d in g th is
dev elo pm ent d is p le asin g. T here a re m any r e aso ns f o r th is p heno m eno n a nd s te p s
need to b e ta ken to i m pro ve th e s itu ati o n.
There a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns f o r th is h o sti lity . T he m ain r e aso n i s th at th e a rriv al
of f o re ig n to uris ts i n v aria b ly j s a cco m panie d b y a n i n cre asin g l e v el o f p ollu ti o n.
Many to uris ts d is p ose o f g arb age a t th eir o w n c o nv enie nce, w ith c o m ple te
dis re gard f o r s u rro und in g e nv ir o nm ent. S pecific ally , N ew Z eala nd ’s g o vern m ent
has o rd ere d f o r th e c astl e th at w as b uilt f o r th e f ilm in g o f ‘ L ord O f T he R in gs’ to
be i m med ia te ly d em olis h ed u p on c o m ple ti o n o f th e m ovie , f o r f e ar th at, s h o uld i ts
exis te nce b e r e su m ed , tr a v el e nth usia sts w ould f lo ck to th e c astl e a nd l itte r a ll
over th e p la ce. M ore o ver, i n te rn ati o nal to uris m a ls o tr ig gers th e p ossib ility o f a
dis e ase o utb re ak. F or i n sta nce, i n V ie tn am , m any p eo ple d ie d a fte r a v is ito r f r o m
Hong K ong c arrie d th e H 5N 1 v ir u s to th e c o untr y i n 2 003.
Fortu nate ly , s e v era l m easu re s c o uld b e ta ken to s o lv e th is p ro ble m . F ir s tl y ,
go vern m ents s h o uld e nco ura ge to uris ts to p ut w aste i n to th e r ig ht p la ce a nd to b e
min d fu l o f th eir s u rro und in gs th ro ugh s o m e c am paig ns o r i n str u cti o ns.
Additi o nally , g o vern m ents s h o uld c o nti n ue to c o nd uct th o ro ugh h ealth i n sp ecti o n
at i n te rn ati o nal a ir p orts . H ealth y tr a v ele rs s h o uld b e e d ucate d o n th e s y m pto m s o f
vir u se s w hile th o se w ho e xhib it th ese s y m pto m s m ust i m med ia te ly b e q uara nti n ed .
To c o nclu d e, th ere a re v ario us r e aso ns f o r th is r e se ntm ent a nd s te p s n eed to b e
ta ken to ta ckle th is c o m plic ati o n.
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SA M PL E 3 0
Genetic e ngin eerin g is a n im porta nt is su e in m odern s o cie ty . S om e p eople
th in k t h at it w ill im pro ve p eople 's liv es in m any w ays w hile o th ers s a y it is
negativ e.
Do y ou t h in k t h is is a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out th e p ra cti c e o f m anip ula ti n g th e g enes o f
org anis m s. W hile I a ccep t th at g eneti c m odific ati o n c an s o m eti m es e xert p ositi v e
effe cts i n a m yria d o f w ays, I b elie v e th at i t i s m ore l ik ely to c re ate h arm fu l
im pacts .
On th e o ne h and , th e p ra cti c e o f g eneti c e ngin eerin g c an b e b enefic ia l f r o m th e
sc ie nti fic p ers p ecti v e. F ir s tl y , s c ie nti s ts m ay u se i ts a chie v em ents to d eal w ith
many m ed ic al p ro ble m s l ik e i n cura b le d is e ase s s o th at h um ans c an c o nse q uentl y
liv e l o nger a nd h ealth ie r. F or i n sta nce, s c ie nti s ts h av e r e centl y r e se arc hed th e
benefits o f g eneti c m odific ati o n i n e lim in ati n g c ancer c ells . S eco nd ly , th is c o uld
be v alu ab le f o r f a rm p ro ducti o n i n a gric ultu ra l c o untr ie s. B y u sin g th ese
te chno lo gie s, c ro ps w ill g ro w m ore q uic kly a nd a re m ore r e sis ta nt to i n se cts a nd
dis e ase s, w hic h m akes m ore p ro fit to f a rm ers .
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at th ese b enefits a re o utw eig hed b y a l o ad o f
dra w backs. T he f ir s t O ne i s th at th ere a re m assiv e m atte rs o f e th ic al c o ncern s
ab out h um an’s g eneti c e ngin eerin g. T his w ould a gain st th e n atu re o rd er a nd , a s a
re su lt, b e u naccep ta b le i n m any r e lig io ns a nd th en l e ad to th e e re cti o n o f a n
im passa b le b arrie r b etw een c o nsu m ers a nd tr a nsg enic p ro ducts . F urth erm ore ,
th ere i s a p ote nti a l f o r f u tu re h ealth p ro ble m s w hen w e c o nsu m e g eneti c ally
modifie d f o od. I n r e ality , s u ch f o od i s b ein g q uesti o ned i n m any c o untr ie s a s th ere
are to o f e w f u nd am enta l r e se arc hes o n th eir s id e-e ffe cts s o th at th ey c an p ro duce
su b tl e a nd l o ng-te rm e ffe cts w hic h h av en’t b een i d enti fie d .
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at th e tr o ub le s s u rro und in g th e p ro cess o f
modify in g g eno m es a re m ore s ig nific ant th an th e p ossib le b enefits .
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SA M PL E 3 1
Many s tu dents f in d it d if fic u lt t o c o nce ntr a te o r p ay a tte ntio n a t s c h ool. W hat
are t h e r e aso ns? W hat c o uld b e d one?
It i s c halle ngin g f o r m any l e arn ers to s ta y f o cus i n c la ss. T his p ro ble m c an b e
exp la in ed b y s o m e r e aso ns a nd s e v era l s o lu ti o ns a re p ro pose d to a ttr a ct th e
atte nti o n o f s tu d ents a t s c ho ol.
There a re tw o m ain r e aso ns w hy s tu d ents l o se c o ncentr a ti o n w hile a tte nd in g
le ctu re s. O ne r e aso n i s th at th e l e ctu re ta lk i s n o t c o m pre hensiv e a nd i n te re sti n g
eno ugh to e ngro ss th e l is te ners . I n a no th er w ord , th e q uality o f s p eeches p la ys a
vita l r o le i n d ete rm in in g th e s u ccess o f a cad em ic s e cti o ns. F or e xam ple , i f
pro fe sso rs o nly d eliv er l e sso ns i n a th eo re ti c al w ay w ith o ut g iv in g e xam ple s o r
engagin g s tu d ents to a cti v ely g iv e i d eas, s tu d ents w ill f in d th e l e ctu re s te d io us. A s
a r e su lt, i t w ill b e u nd oub te d ly d iffic ult to e ngage a ll l e arn ers to p arti c ip ate i n
cla ss. A no th er r e aso n i s th at s o m e d is o bed ie nt s tu d ents a ffe ct th e q uality o f th e
le ctu re s b y d is tr a cti n g o th ers ’ a tte nti o n w ith i n ap pro pria te b ehav io urs s u ch a s
makin g n o is e o r te llin g j o kes d urin g c la ss.
Giv en th e a b ove r e aso ns, m easu re s s h o uld b e ta ken to i m pro ve l e arn ers ’ f o cus a t
sc ho ol. F ir s tl y , p ro fe sso rs s h o uld s p end ti m e a nd e ffo rt to e nhance th e q uality o f
le ctu re s s o th at th ey w ill a p peal to l e arn ers . B y g iv in g m ore u p -to -d ate p ra cti c al
kno w le d ge a nd p ro vid in g m ore i n te ra cti o n i n c la ss, th e te achers w ill o bvio usly
dra w th e a tte nti o n o f a ll p arti c ip ants to a cti v ely j o in th eir s e ssio ns. F or i n sta nce,
in d ev elo ped c o untr ie s s u ch a s A meric a o r A ustr a lia w here e d ucati o n m eets th e
hig h s ta nd ard , th e c o ncentr a ti o n o f l e arn ers i s n o t a b ig i s su e c o m pare d to A sia n
co untr ie s a s a ll l e ctu re s a re c o nd ucte d i n a n e xhila ra ti n g w ay w ith b oth th eo rie s
and p ra cti c al e xam ple s. S eco nd ly , te achers s h o uld i m pose d is c ip lin es o n
dis o beyed s tu d ents . L aid -b ack p ro fe sso rs e asily m ake l e arn ers d is tr a cte d f r o m
cla ss. B y p utti n g e no ugh p re ssu re o n p up ils , th e r a ti n g o f f o cus w ill u nd enia b ly
im pro ve a cro ss a ll s e cti o ns.
In c o nclu sio n, th e p ro ble m o f s tu d ents l o sin g c o ncentr a ti o n a t s c ho ol c an b e
ta ckle d b y a d dre ssin g th e r o ot c ause s w ith p ro per s o lu ti o ns.
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SA M PL E 3 2
It is s u ggeste d t h at e very one s h ould h ave a c a r, a t e le vis io n a nd a f r id ge. D o
dis a dvanta ges o f t h is d evelo pm ent f o r s o cie ty o utw eig h a dvanta ges?
It i s tr u e th at T V, c ars , a nd f r id ges a re a m ong th e m ost p opula r c o nsu m er g o ods
th at p eo ple c o nsid er e sse nti a l to e njo y a c o m fo rta b le l ife sty le . W hile I a ccep t th at
th ere a re s o m e d ra w backs, I th in k th at th ese a re o utw eig hed b y th e b enefits o f th is
tr e nd .
On th e o ne h and , s o m e p ro ble m s a re a sso cia te d w ith u sin g th ese c o m moditi e s.
Fir s tl y , c ars d is c o ura ge p eo ple f r o m ta kin g e xerc is e s s u ch a s w alk in g o r c yclin g
sh o rt d is ta nces, a nd th ey a ls o c o ntr ib ute to th e h ig h l e v el o f g re enho use g ase s
em is sio ns w hic h m ostl y s te m f r o m a n i n cre asin g a m ount o f c arb on d io xid e
re le ase d b y v ehic le s. M ore o ver, b ecause o f th e a p peara nce o f T V, p eo ple
no w ad ays s p end h o urs s itti n g i n f r o nt o f s c re ens i n ste ad o f p arti c ip ati n g i n
outd oor a cti v iti e s. C onse q uentl y , th is l e ad s to a s e d enta ry l ife sty le , w hic h tu rn s
vie w ers i n to ‘ c o uch p ota to es’. B esid es, e v en r e fr ig era to rs p ro m ote u nhealth y
eati n g h ab its , a nd y o ungste rs a re l ik ely to b eco m e a ccusto m ed to o penin g th e
fr id ge to s n ack o n s o m e f a tte nin g tr e ats . O f c o urs e , w hen a ll th ese p ro ducts r e ach
th e e nd o f th eir u se fu l l ife , th e p ro ble m o f h o w to d is p ose o f th em b eco m es a
se rio us e nv ir o nm enta l i s su e.
On th e o th er h and , I b elie v e th at th ere a re s o m e g re at a d vanta ges to b e g ain ed . T he
fir s t d is a d vanta ge i s th at c ars e nab le p eo ple to h av e f r e ed om o f m ovem ent to v is it
peo ple a nd p la ces i n a ny p art o f th e c iti e s th at th ey l iv e i n . I n a d diti o n, T V g iv es
peo ple c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to b ro ad en th eir o w n k no w le d ge b y w atc hin g
in te re sti n g c hannels l ik e D is c o very to w atc h n ew s a nd d is c ussio n p ro gra m mes o n
se rio us c o nte m pora ry i s su es. F in ally , th anks to th e c o nv enie nce o f r e fr ig era to rs ,
peo ple c an s to re f o od f o r l o ng p erio ds, r e d ucin g f o od w aste . C onse q uentl y , v is its
to th e s u p erm ark et c an b e m ad e o n a w eekly o r m onth ly b asis , s a v in g ti m e a nd
effo rt.
To c o nclu d e, th e a d vanta ges o f c o nsu m in g th ese g o ods h as m ore th an c o m pensa te d
fo r th e d ra w backs, a s l o ng a s w e u se i t w is e ly .
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SA M PL E 3 3
The s p re ad o f m ult in atio nal c o m panie s a nd r e su lt in g in cre ase o f g lo baliz atio n
pro duce s p osit iv e e ffe cts f o r e very one. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e?
It i s c le ar th at g lo bal c o m panie s h av e m ad e g re at i n ro ad s i n to s e v era l l o cal
mark ets i n o th er c o untr ie s a nd s ig nific antl y f a cilita te th e g lo baliz a ti o n p ro cess.
While s o m e p eo ple a re i n clin ed to b e a gain st th is tr e nd , I b elie v e th at i t i s
benefic ia l to e ach i n d iv id ual.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e e xp la nati o ns f o r o ppositi o nal o pin io ns. T he
opponents s u p pose th at th e o pera ti o n o f m ulti n ati o nal e m pir e s c an d im in is h th e
div ers ity o f p ro ducts ( o n m ark et) . T here a re f e w er c ho ic es f o r s h o ppers to
co m pare a nd m ake f in al d ecis io ns, a s th e s u p erm ark et's s h elv es s e em to b e f ille d
with th e s a m e k in d s o f ( a r a nge o f) g o ods l ik e f o od, c o sm eti c s, o r e v en c lo th es
and c iv il p ro ducts f r o m a h and fu l o f l e ad in g c o rp ora ti o ns c o m pare d to th e s p ars e
pre se nce o f l o cal o nes. A dditi o nally , th is a ls o a d vers e ly a ffe cts s m all
nati o nal/d om esti c c o m panie s w hic h a re m uch m ore i n fe rio r d ue to th eir l im ite d
fin ancia l s o urc es a nd r e p uta ti o n, l e ad in g s o m e to th e b rin k o f b ankru p tc y.
On th e o th er h and , I a m c o nv in ced th at th ese c o sm opolita n g ro up s i n c o m bin ati o n
with th e d ev elo pm ent o f g lo baliz a ti o n e xert p ositi v e i n flu ences o n th e h o st
co untr y . F ir s tl y , th ese c o m panie s c an b e h ig hly c o nsid ere d a s i m porta nt j o b
cre ato rs w hic h m ake a c o ntr ib uti o n to s o lv in g th e b urd en o f u nem plo ym ent to th e
lo cal a re as. F or e xam ple , U nile v er g ro up s i n V ie tn am , w hic h h as th e m ain
head quarte r i n L ond on, h as a nnually g enera te d a l a rg e n um ber o f j o bs a v aila b le
and p ro vid ed th e s ta b le i n co m e f o r m any V ie tn am ese p eo ple . S eco nd ly ,
glo baliz a ti o n a ls o a llo w s p eo ple i n d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s to p urc hase th e h ig h-
quality g o ods a t c o m peti ti v e p ric es i n c o m paris o n w ith th e i m porte d o nes b ecause
multi n ati o nal c o m panie s c an m ake u se o f th e c heap l a b our i n p oore r c o untr ie s i n
ord er to l o w er o verh ead s a nd r e nd er p ric e ta gs a ffo rd ab le f o r th e l o cals .
In c o nclu sio n, I a m i n f a v or o f th e e xp ansio n o f M ulti n ati o nal C orp ora ti o n a nd th e
enhancem ent o f g lo baliz a ti o n b ecause o f th eir a d vanta ges th ey b rin g a b out.
303 w ord s
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SA M PL E 3 4
There a re m any p eople w ho t h in k p ris o ns a re j u st f o r c rim in als ' p unis h m ent
while o th er p eople t h in k t h ey c a n b e u se d f o r o th er p urp ose s. D is c u ss b oth
poin ts o f v ie w a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Now ad ays, p ris o n s e nte nces a re s e en a s o ne o f th e m ost e ffe cti v e p unis h m ents to
dete r c rim e. S om e p eo ple b elie v e th at p enaliz in g c rim in als i s th e o nly p urp ose o f
pris o n, w hile o th ers th in k th e p urp ose s o f p ris o n s h o uld n o t b e l im ite d to
punis h m ent. P ers o nally , I a m i n f a v our o f th e l a tte r o pin io n.
On th e o ne h and , o ffe nd ers d ese rv e to b e i m pris o ned i n o rd er to p ay f o r th e
dam ages c ause d b y th eir c rim es. T hey s u ffe r f r o m r e str ic te d f r e ed om a nd a re
und er s tr ic t s u rv eilla nce, w hic h m eans th ey c anno t d o w hat th ey w ant o r g o w here
th ey w ant l ik e b efo re . C orp ora l p unis h m ents l ik e b eati n g o r e le ctr o nic s h o ck c an
be u se d to g et i n fo rm ati o n f r o m s e rio us c o nv ic ts , w hic h c an l e ad th eir m enta l a nd
physic al h ealth to b e d am aged . C rim in als a re m ad e to w ork h ard f r o m th e m orn in g
to th e e v enin g d esp ite th e e xtr e m e w eath er i n th e s u m mer o r w in te r. F or e xam ple ,
in m y c o untr y , c rim in als h av e to c le an u p th e s tr e ets u nd er th e h eat o f 3 7 d egre es
with o ut c o m pla in in g. T here fo re , k no w in g th e c o nse q uences o f o ffe nd in g th e l a w ,
co nv ic ts w ill n o t l ik ely to b re ak i t a gain .
On th e o th er h and , p ris o n p ro bab ly c an m ake p ris o ners b ette r. I t p ro vid es
re hab ilita ti o n, p ro pro va s e nse o f a d ult i n d ep end ence f o r c rim in als ’. F or e xam ple ,
by p arti c ip ati n g i n h ars h tr a in in g p ro gra m s a nd b ein g e q uip ped w ith e m plo ym ent
sk ills , th ey c an l e arn to ta ke r e sp onsib ility a nd r e sp ect th e l a b or. T hese
behav io urs w ill h elp th em to tr y e arn in g a l iv in g a fte r b ein g r e le ase d w ith o ut
over-re lia nt o n a nyo ne e ls e . F urth erm ore , p ris o n b rin gs s e curity to th e s o cie ty . A s
bein g l o cked i n th e j a il, c o nv ic ts c an n o l o nger h arm i n no cent p eo ple a nym ore ,
ensu rin g th e s ta b ility a nd s a fe ty o f th e s o cie ty .
In c o nclu sio n, p ris o n s h o uld n o t o nly b e th e p la ce to p enaliz e l a w bre akers , b ut
als o w here to n urtu re a nd g uid e c rim in als to a b ette r d ir e cti o n. W hate v er th e
purp ose s, th ey a re th ere to e nsu re th e s e curity o f th e s o cie ty .
306 w ord s
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SA M PL E 3 5
In fo rm atio n t e ch nolo gy is c h angin g m any a sp ects o f o ur liv es a nd n ow
dom in ate s o ur h om e, le is u re a nd w ork a ctiv it ie s.
To w hat e xte nt d o t h e b enefit s o f in fo rm atio n t e ch nolo gy o utw eig h t h e
dis a dvanta ges?
In r e cent y ears , th e p ro fo und i m pacts o f I n fo rm ati o n T echno lo gy a re b elie v ed to
cause th e d om in ati o n i n h o m e a nd d aily a cti v iti e s. M any f e el th at th is d ev elo pm ent
has b ro ught a b out s ig nific ant c o nv enie nce a nd b enefits , w here as o th ers c la im th at
in fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy i s w ith o ut i ts g re at n um ber o f d ra w backs. F ro m m y
pers p ecti v e, I a m i n f a v our o f th e f o rm er f o r s o m e r e aso ns.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s a n u nd enia b le f a ct th at s in ce th e i n tr o ducti o n o f i n fo rm ati o n
te chno lo gy, h um ans h av e s ta rte d to b eco m e i n cre asin gly r e lia b le a nd l a zy. F or
exam ple , m ore a nd m ore c hild re n c ho ose to s ta y i n d oors a nd w atc h T V r a th er th an
go in g o ut a nd e xp lo rin g n ew th in gs. F urth erm ore , p are nts b egin to a b and on th e
hab it o f r e ad in g n ew sp ap er a nd a rti c le s d ue to a v arie ty o f I n te rn et n ew s w eb site s.
As a r e su lt, th is r e lia b ility i n l o ng te rm m ig ht c ause s e rio us e ye d is e ase s a nd e v en
in cre ase th e r is k o f o besity .
On th e o th er h and , th ere i s n o d oub t th at th e a d vanta ges o f te chno lo gy h av e m ad e
life f a r b eyo nd e asy. F ir s t, a g re at d eal o f ti m e a nd m oney i s s a v ed d ue to th e
co nv enie nce o f i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy. F or e xam ple , i t i s tr u ly c le ar th at o ne a
co m pute r c an r e p la ce to ns o f p ap ers o r w ith o nly o ne c lic k w e c an f in d e xactl y
what w e w ant w ith o ut tr a v ers in g a nyw here . S eco nd ly , c ir c ula ti o n h as b een m ad e
co m para ti v ely q uic ker th anks to th is i n fo rm ati o n e v olu ti o n. T here fo re , i n c ase o f
an e m erg ency l ik e u nexp ecte d d is a ste rs , a nno uncem ents c o uld b e m ad e i n ti m e f o r
ev ery f a m ily to p re p are f o r.
All i n a ll, b esid es a s m all n um ber o f i ts d is a d vanta ges, i n fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy h as
pro ved to b eco m e a s u ccess s in ce i ts b ir th . A bove a ll, p eo ple s h o uld b e s m art to
use th is w ond erfu l i n v enti o n i n o rd er to a v oid u nw ante d a b use s.
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SA M PL E 3 6
Som e p eople t h in k t h at s c h ools s h ould r e w ard s tu dents w ho s h ow t h e b est
aca dem ic r e su lt s , w hile o th ers b elie ve t h at it is m ore im porta nt t o r e w ard
stu dents w ho s h ow im pro vem ents . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n
opin io n.
In m any c o untr ie s, r e w ard in g s tu d ents p la ys a n e sse nti a l r o le i n th e e d ucati o nal
sy ste m . S om e p eo ple a rg ue th at s c ho ols j u st n eed to g iv e e nco ura gem ents to th o se
who c o uld g ain th e h ig hest s c o re s, b ut I b elie v e th at p ra is in g s tu d ents w ho s h o w
im pro vem ents i s m uch m ore l o gic al.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e r e aso ns w hy m ost o f th e s c ho ols n o w ad ays p re fe r
giv in g a w ard s to w ard s p up ils h av in g e xcelle nt a cad em ic p erfo rm ances. F ir s tl y ,
th is a p pro ach w ould m ake s tu d ents w ho h av e a v era ge a nd b ad s tu d y r e su lts
co nsid er th e h ig hest a chie v ers a s r o le m odels to e m ula te . A s a r e su lt, th e s tu d yin g
env ir o nm ent a t s c ho ols c o uld b eco m e h ig hly c o m peti ti v e a nd th e s c ho ole rs w ould
be s ti m ula te d to p ut m ore e ffo rts i n to s tu d yin g i n o rd er to a chie v e h ig h s c o re s.
Seco nd ly , th e o uts ta nd in g s tu d ents th at a re a t s o m e s p ecific s u b je cts c o uld b e
dis c o vere d a nd th eir te achers w ill g iv e th em m ore o pportu niti e s to n urtu re th eir
ap ti tu d es. F or e xam ple , i n V ie tn am , m any s c ho ols o fte n s e le ct e xtr a o rd in ary
stu d ents i n to e xtr a c la sse s to p ro vid e th em w ith m ore a cad em ic a nd p ro fo und
kno w le d ge, w hic h e nab le th em to g ain h ig h r a nkin g i n n ati o nal c o m peti ti o ns.
On th e o th er h and , r e w ard in g p up ils w ho m ake p ro gre ss i n s tu d yin g w ould b rin g
so m e a d vanta ges. T he f ir s t b enefit i s th at a d opti n g th is m eth o d c o uld k eep n o rm al
stu d ents f r o m s tr e ss a nd d ep re ssio n w hen th e e xam in ati o n i s c o m in g. I t i s tr u e th at
child re n n o w ad ays a re u nd er a l o t o f p re ssu re f r o m s tu d yin g a nd b ein g c o m pare d
with th eir to p c la ssm ate s. A no th er a d vanta ge i s th at th e n um ber o f s tu d ents w ho
in te nd to d ro p o ut o f s c ho ols w ill b e r e d uced s ig nific antl y . I n f a ct, f a llin g b ehin d
with th eir s tu d y m akes m any p up ils f e el b ore d a nd th en, th ey d ecid e to l e av e
sc ho ol to e arn m oney. T hus, g iv in g a w ard s w hen th ey m ake a s tr id e i n s tu d yin g i s
th e b est w ay to i n sp ir e a nd m oti v ate th em to s tu d y h ard er.
In c o nclu sio n, g iv in g r e w ard s to to p a chie v ers i s r e aso nab le , b ut I b elie v e th at i t
is m uch b ette r to g iv e e nco ura gem ents to th o se w ho p ut th eir ti m e a nd e ffo rts i n to
stu d yin g i n o rd er to g ain h ig her s c o re s.
330 w ord s
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SA M PL E 3 7
Som e p eople t h in k t h at t h ere s h ould b e s o m e s tr ic t c o ntr o ls a bout n ois e .
Oth ers t h in k t h at t h ey c o uld j u st m ak e a s m uch n ois e a s t h ey w ant. D is c u ss
both o f v ie w a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
The p ast d ecad e h as s e en a d ra m ati c i n cre ase i n n o is e , e sp ecia lly i n b ig c iti e s.
While s o m e p eo ple a rg ue th at i t i s e sse nti a l to c o ntr o l n o is e s tr ic tl y , o th ers th in k
th at th ey c o uld m ake n o is e w henev er th ey w ant. I b elie v e th at h um an l ife w ould b e
bette r i f n o is e c o uld b e r e d uced .
On th e o ne h and , s o m e p eo ple b elie v e th at th ey h av e th e f r e ed om to m ake n o is e
due to v ario us r e aso ns. F ir s tl y , n o is e i s a n i n te gra l p art o f m odern l ife . I t i s
co m mon th at p eo ple n o w ad ays a re u nd er a l o t o f p re ssu re s in ce th ey h av e to
str u ggle w ith th e c o m mitm ents o f w ork a nd s tu d yin g. T here fo re , th ey p re fe r
dancin g a t s o m e p arti e s o r j u st tu rn in g th e m usic o ut l o ud a t h o m e to r e lie v e th eir
str e ss, a lth o ugh i t m ay d is tu rb th eir n ext- d oor n eig hb ors . S eco nd ly , p eo ple o fte n
co nsid er n o is e a s a n u nav oid ab le e le m ent o f th e i n d ustr ia liz a ti o n a nd
modern iz a ti o n p ro cess. I n f a ct, th e tr a ffic n o is e a nd e ngin e n o is e s e em s to b e
extr e m ely f a m ilia r to u rb an d w elle rs . T hus, th ey th in k th at th ere a re n o r e aso ns f o r
co ntr o llin g n o is e .
On th e o th er h and , n o is e h as b ro ught s o m e d ra w backs to th e s o cie ty . T he f ir s t
dis a d vanta ge i s th at u np le asa nt n o is e c o uld c ause h arm fu l i m pacts o n h um an
health . I t i s tr u e th at p eo ple c o uld s u ffe r f r o m c ard io vasc ula r p ro ble m s, s e rio us
str e ss a nd s le ep d is tu rb ance w hen th ey a re e xp ose d to l o ud n o is e i n a l o ng ti m e.
Ano th er d ra w back i s th at p ro ducti v ity o f w ork a nd s tu d y m ay b e r e d uced a s a
re su lt o f n o is e . F or e xam ple , th ere a re m any w hite c o lla r w ork ers a nd p up ils w ho
co uld n o t c o ncentr a te o n th eir ta sk s a nd h o m ew ork b ecause o f th e c o nsta nt n o is e
fr o m th e s tr e et.
In c o nclu sio n, w ith w hat I h av e m enti o ned a b ove, I b elie v e th at p eo ple ’s l iv es
would b e b ette r i f n o is e c o uld b e l im ite d a lth o ugh s o m e p eo ple th in k th at m akin g
no is e f r e ely i s th eir o w n r ig ht.
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SA M PL E 3 8
Do y ou t h in k t h e a dvanta ges o f t r a vellin g b y c a r o utw eig h t h e d is a dvanta ges?
Over th e l a st tw o d ecad es, c ars h av e b eco m e m ore a nd m ore c o m monly -u se d a s
th e m ain tr a nsp orta ti o n f o r m ost f a m ilie s. T he i s su e o f w heth er e m plo yin g c ars
genera te s m ore b enefits o r d ra w backs h as c o nse q uentl y b een a to pic o f m uch
co ncern . F ro m m y p oin t o f v ie w , th is tr e nd i s c o nsid era b ly m ore a d vanta geo us
th an i t i s h arm fu l.
Fir s t a nd f o re m ost, i t i s u nd enia b le th at a l a rg e n um ber o f c ars c urre ntl y u ti liz e d
partl y c ause s a n e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m . T he e xhaust f u m es e je cte d f r o m c ars ’
engin es a re o ne o f th e w aste p ro ducts a ffe cti n g th e e nv ir o nm ent i n c erta in a sp ects .
How ev er, i n d ustr ia l a nd d om esti c w aste s p ose a m uch l a rg er th re at i n th is
dep artm ent. W here as i t i s d iffic ult to f in d a p erfe ct s o lu ti o n, th ere a re s e v era l
ways to e ase th e s itu ati o n l ik e d ev elo pin g a nd u sin g f u el- e ffic ie nt c ars o r r e d ucin g
th e n um ber o f n o n-e sse nti a l tr ip s. I n s h o rt, d esp ite th e s e rio usn ess, th is i s su e c an
be c o ntr o lle d b y r a is in g p eo ple ’s a w are ness.
How ev er, th e f o llo w in g m erits c o uld o utw eig h th e d is a d vanta ges. A t f ir s t, i t d oes
no t ta ke p eo ple m uch ti m e to g et to th e d esti n ati o n th ey n eed , w hile w aiti n g f o r th e
pub lic tr a nsp orts w ould b e a s h eer w aste o f ti m e. F urth erm ore , i t w ould b e m uch
easie r to s c hed ule p la ns f le xib ly . T o b e m ore s p ecific , u np la nned a p poin tm ents
would b e e asily s e ttl e d a s l o ng a s th e tr a nsp orta ti o n i s u nd er c o ntr o l. U lti m ate ly ,
cars a re th e s a fe st v ehic le s o n th e r o ad s in ce th e d ev elo pers f o cus o n th e
custo m ers ’ s a fe ty to c o m pete w ith e ach o th er. B y a nd l a rg e, a s l o ng a s b ein g u se d
effe cti v ely , c ars a re u nd oub te d ly b enefic ia l, e sp ecia lly i n te rm s o f s a fe ty a nd
co nv enie nce.
In c o nclu sio n, th e a d vanta ges f a r s u rp ass th e s h o rtc o m in gs. W ith th e d ev elo pm ent
of te chno lo gy, c ars w ill p ro bab ly b rin g a b out m ore a d vancem ents a nd b enefits f o r
peo ple .
279 w ord s
360

SA M PL E 3 9
What p ro ble m s h ave m ass m edia c re ate d n ow adays? C an y ou c o m e u p w it h
th e s o lu tio ns f o r t h ese p ro ble m s?
With th e a d vances i n te chno lo gy, e sp ecia lly th e a d vent a nd r a p id g ro w th o f th e
In te rn et, i t c anno t b e e asie r f o r p eo ple to r e ach th e l a te st i n fo rm ati o n f ir s t- h and .
How ev er, th e m ore a ccessib le th e m ed ia b eco m e, th e m ore tr o ub le s w ill b e
tr ig gere d . I n th is e ssa y, th e p ro ble m s r e su lti n g f r o m m ass m ed ia a re i d enti fie d , a nd
via b le s o lu ti o ns to a lle v ia te th em a re s u ggeste d a s w ell.
Fir s t a nd f o re m ost, c erta in s ig nific ant a nno yances h av e a ris e n c o ncern in g h o w
mass m ed ia a ffe ct p eo ple . T he m ain i s su e i s th e i n v asio n o f p riv acy. S pecific ally ,
pap ara zzi a re a lw ays d ete rm in ed to g et a s to ry o f c ele b riti e s a t a ny c o st. E ven a n
ord in ary p ers o n i n v olv ed i n th e c urre nt a ffa ir s c o uld b e th e ta rg et o f th e m ed ia d ue
to th e p ub lic ’s i n sa ti a b le a p peti te . F urth erm ore , th e n ew s m ed ia o fte n e xaggera te
th e tr u th i n p urs u it o f h ig h a ud ie nce r a ti n gs. S ev era l j o urn alis ts p ro bab ly d is to rt
th e f a cts a nd m is le ad th e p ub lic i n o rd er to a id a nd a b et p eo ple o r o rg aniz a ti o ns
charg ed w ith c rim es. I n s h o rt, a s a c o nse q uence o f th e a b ove r e aso ns, th e m ass
med ia h av e b eco m e l e ss tr u stw orth y.
Nev erth ele ss, th ere a re c erta in a cti o ns th at c o uld b e ta ken to m iti g ate th e
afo re m enti o ned p ro ble m s. V ie w ers h av e a r e sp onsib ility to c ho ose th e r e lia b le
so urc es o f i n fo rm ati o n to k eep th em se lv es u p to d ate w ith th e l a te st n ew s.
More o ver, g o vern m ents m ay r a is e c iti z e ns’ a w are ness to a v oid u ntr u stw orth y
channels th ro ugh tr a d iti o nal o nes. T hey a re a ls o r e sp onsib le f o r f in in g th e m ed ia
exaggera ti n g th e m agnitu d e o f th e r e al tr o ub le s s o th at p eo ple c o uld g ain a ccess to
th e h ig h-q uality c o vera ge o f n ew s e asily . B y a nd l a rg e, i t i s q uite d iffic ult to g et
rid o f th e m enti o ned i s su es b ut a ud ie nces c an d ecid e to e xp ose to a w ealth o f
in fo rm ati o n f r o m d ep end ab le s o urc es.
In c o nclu sio n, m ass m ed ia h av e g iv en r is e to a v arie ty o f p re ssin g i s su es. I t i s
hig hly a d vis a b le th at g o vern m ents a nd c iti z e ns ta ke a p pro pria te m easu re s to
co m bat th e s itu ati o n. F easib le s o lu ti o ns i n clu d e r a is in g p eo ple ’s a w are ness a b out
th e p ro ble m s a nd r e str ic ti n g e rro neo us m ed ia .
315 w ord s
361

SA M PL E 4 0
The s o cie ty w ould b enefit f r o m a b an o n a ll f o rm s o f a dvertis in g b eca use it
se rv es n o u se fu l p urp ose , a nd c a n e ven b e d am agin g. H ow ever, o th ers a rg ue
th at t h ere a re s till s o m e a dvanta ges o f a dverts . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e
your o pin io n?
The w orld i n w hic h w e a re l iv in g to day i s i n cre asin gly d om in ate d b y th e
overw helm in g p ow er o f a d verti s in g. S om e p eo ple b elie v e th at c o m merc ia ls d o
no t s e rv e a ny b enefic ia l p urp ose s a nd e v en s p oil th e s o cie ty . H ow ev er, I to ta lly
dis a gre e w ith th e i d ea th at i m posin g a b an o n a ll a d verti s in g f o rm s c an b enefit th e
so cie ty .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s o m e s o rts o f h arm fu l a d verti s in g w hic h s h o uld b e
pro hib ite d . N ow ad ays, u nd er th e p re ssu re o f c o m peti ti v eness i n th e m ark et,
co m panie s m ay h av e to e xp end g re at e ffo rts to p ro m ote th eir p ro ducts o r s e rv ic es
via i m pre ssiv e a d verti s e m ents to a ttr a ct th e a tte nti o n o f c o nsu m ers a nd b eco m e
su p erio r to th eir r iv als . T here fo re , a n um ber o f f ir m s te nd to m ake u se o f
ad verti s e m ents w hic h c o nta in s e nsiti v e c o nte nt th at i s n o t c ultu ra lly a p pro pria te ,
in v olv e v io le nt o r s e xual i s su es. I f th ese ty p es o f a d verti s e m ents b eco m e
ub iq uito us, i t m ay e xert/ h av e n egati v e i m pacts o n th e g enera l p ub lic . F or i n sta nce,
a v io le nce-re la te d c o m merc ia l s h o w n o n T V m ig ht e nco ura ge te enagers to b ehav e
in th e s a m e w ay w hic h th en l e ad s to a n i n cre ase i n j u v enile d elin q uency. T hus, I
belie v e th at i t i s c ru cia l to b an/p re v ent a d verti s e m ents w hic h m ay e xert
ad vers e /u nd esir a b le e ffe cts o n s o cie ty .
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at i m posin g a b an o n e v ery f o rm o f
ad verti s e m ent w ould n o t b enefit th e s o cie ty . T his i s d ue to th e f a ct th at a d verti s in g
offe rs n o t o nly p ro ducers b ut a ls o c o nsu m ers a v arie ty o f b enefits . F ir s tl y ,
ad verti s in g i s a n e ffe cti v e m eth o d o f p ro m oti o n w hic h h elp s p ro ducers a ttr a ct a
la rg e n um ber o f p ote nti a l c usto m ers a nd i n cre ase b oth th eir s a le s a nd th eir
env ia b le r e p uta ti o n v ia i n te re sti n g c o m merc ia ls . S eco nd ly , a d verti s in g s u p plie s
co nsu m ers w ith a w ealth o f i n fo rm ati o n w hic h e nab le s th em to c o m pare th e p ric e
and q uality o f v ario us p ro ducts f r o m d iffe re nt p ro ducers b efo re m akin g d ecis io ns.
There fo re , i f a ll f o rm s o f a d verti s in g a re p ro hib ite d , a ll th o se b enefits m ay b e
era d ic ate d . F urth erm ore , i t w ould c re ate v ario us n egati v e i m pacts s u ch a s a n
asy m metr y o f i n fo rm ati o n, a d ecre ase i n th e n um ber o f c ho ic es i n te rm s o f
co nsu m ers a nd a r e d ucti o n i n r e v enue r e gard in g p ro ducers /m anufa ctu re s a nd th e
lo w d ev elo pm ent o f th e e co no m y.
362

In c o nclu sio n, I h o ld th e p oin t o f v ie w /p erc ep ti o n th at p ro hib iti n g a ll f o rm s o f
ad verti s in g w ill c ause m ore s e rio us d am ages to th e s o cie ty th an b enefit th em .
Thus, th e G overn m ent s h o uld i m pose a b an o n h arm fu l ty p es o f a d verti s e m ents
in ste ad o f e v ery f o rm .
330 w ord s
363

SA M PL E 4 1
Som e p eople s p end m ore t im e r e adin g b ook s, w hile o th ers p re fe r t o w atc h
TV. T he f o rm er g ro up a re m ore lik ely t o d evelo p c re ativ e im agin atio ns a nd
have a m uch b ette r g ra sp o f la nguages s k ills . D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In th is m odern l ife w hen te chno lo gy i s o n th e tr e nd o f n o nsto p d ev elo pm ent, th e
is su e o f w heth er r e ad in g b ooks o r w atc hin g T V i s m ore e ffe cti v e i n
enhancin g/im pro vin g/s ti m ula ti n g o ne’s i m agin ati v e c ap acity a nd l a nguage s k ills
re m ain s c o ntr o vers ia l. W hile o th er p eo ple m ay s u ggest u sin g T V to m aste r
im agin ati o n a nd l a nguage s k ills , i t s e em s to m e th at r e ad in g b ooks i s m ore
effic ie nt th an w atc hin g T V.
In te rm s o f i m agin ati o n, b ooks c an d ev elo p th e a b ility to i m agin e m ore th an T V
(c an). T his i s b ecause th o se a uth o rs u se w ord s to c o m munic ate w ith th eir r e ad ers
in b ooks. E very c hara cte r, m elo dy, a nd p ic tu re i s d esc rib ed i n w ord s. T ho se
word s c an e nco ura ge d iffe re nt r e ad ers to b uild u p v ario us p ic tu re s a b out o ne
sa m e w ritte n s to ry i n th eir m in d s. M eanw hile , a ud ie nces w ho w atc h a m ovie o r a
TV s h o w m ay n o t n eed to i m agin e a s m uch a s r e ad ers b ecause e v ery s c ene
ap pears c le arly i n f r o nt o f th em i n e xactl y th e s a m e c o lo rs , s h ap es a nd p ositi o ns
fo r e v ery a ud ie nce. I n o th er w ord s, r e ad ers a re f r e e to u se th eir a b ility to i m agin e
and c re ate o w n v ers io n i n th eir m in d b ase d o n th e w ord s i n b ooks w hile a ll
aud ie nce/v ie w ers m ay h av e to l o ok a t o ne s a m e s c ene w hic h p ro ducers h av e b uilt
up f r o m th eir p oin t o f v ie w .
More o ver, r e ad in g b ooks a ls o h elp s p eo ple e nhance th eir l a nguage s k ills b ette r
th an w atc hin g T V d oes. I n b ooks, w rite rs s e em to p ay m ore a tte nti o n to c o nv eyin g
th eir i d eas th ro ugh w ritte n l a nguage w ith p re cis e g ra m mar a nd v ocab ula ry , w hic h
are o fte n s im plifie d i n s p oken l a nguage i n T V s h o w s o r m ovie s. T his i s th e r e aso n
why b ooks a re m ore e ffic ie nt to l a nguage l e arn ers , e sp ecia lly c hild re n a nd
fo re ig ners i n e nric hin g v ocab ula ry , c o rre cti n g g ra m mar, e nhancin g w riti n g a nd
re ad in g s k ills .
In c o nclu sio n, r e ad in g b ooks o r w atc h T V i s b oth a u se fu l a p pro ach to a d vance
im agin ati v e a b ility a nd l a nguage s k ills . H ow ev er, f o r th e r e aso ns m enti o ned
ab ove, I to ta lly b elie v e th at r e ad in g h as m ore p ositi v e e ffe cts o n h um an c re ati v e
th in kin g a nd l a nguage s k ills .
317 w ord s
364

SA M PL E 4 2
Som e p eople f e el t h at e nte rta in ers ( e .g . f ilm s s ta rs, p op m usic ia ns o r s p orts
sta rs) a re p aid t o o m uch m oney.
Do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
Recent d ecad es h av e w itn esse d th e w ealth o f m any c ele b riti e s i n th e s h o w biz
world . T here fo re , w hile s o m e p eo ple c o nsid er th at th ey h av e b een to o h ig hly
paid , I to ta lly d is a gre e w ith th is p oin t o f v ie w .
To b egin w ith , o n th e i n d iv id ual l e v el, i t i s o bvio us th at n o s ta r c an m ake i t to th e
to p w ith o ut y ears o f d ed ic ati o n to w ork in g h ard . I n d eed , i n o rd er to m ove u p th e
la d der o f s u ccess, th ey m ust p ut th eir e ffo rts i n to d aily tr a in in g, e v en i f th ey c o uld
su ffe r f r o m i n ju rie s th at p ro bab ly c ause th em s o m e h ealth d ete rio ra ti o n. F or
exam ple , s o -c alle d s p ecta cula rs w hic h w e s a w i n th e f ilm a re tr u ly a r e su lt o f
many c o nsis te nt h ard -w ork in g y ears o f th e a cto rs a nd a ctr e sse s. I n a d diti o n to th e
age e le m ent, th e c o m peti ti o n i n th e e nte rta in m ent i n d ustr y n o w ad ays i s g etti n g
more s e v ere . S o/T here fo re , i t i s h ard f o r th e e nte rta in ers to m ain ta in th eir
perfo rm ance d urin g a l o ng p erio d o f ti m e. A s a r e su lt, a cq uir in g a h ig h p ay c o uld
be c o nsid ere d a n a ccep ta b le c o m pensa ti o n f o r th em .
Fro m th e s o cia l p ers p ecti v e, th e s ta rs d ese rv e h ig h i n co m e d ue to th eir n o ta b le
ro le i n f o rm in g s tu d ents ’ c hara cte ris ti c s. S pecific ally , i t i s u nd enia b le th at m ost
yo ungste rs u su ally l o ok u p to th eir f a v orite c ele b riti e s a s a r o le m odel. T here fo re ,
th ey d efin ite ly s e ek a nd i m ita te th e g o od q uality o f th ese i d ols . G ra d ually , th ey
co uld g et i n to th e g o od h ab it/ w ay o f l iv in g. F urth erm ore , th e s ta rs c an i n sp ir e th eir
fa ns w ith v alu ab le m ora l l e sso ns. T hat m ig ht ( p artl y ) c o ntr ib ute to a b ette r s o cie ty .
For e xam ple , M y T am - a m usic s ta r i n V ie tn am ese e nte rta in m ent i n d ustr y , u su ally
sp end s h er ti m e o n a sk in g h er f a ns to h elp th e p oor o r th e u nd erp riv ile ged p eo ple .
In c o nclu sio n, f o r th e r e aso ns I m enti o ned a b ove, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at r e no w ned
ente rta in ers a re d ese rv ed to r e ceiv e a g o od i n co m e f o r th eir c o ntr ib uti o n.
293 w ord s
365

SA M PL E 4 3
Som e p eople t h in k t h at e very one h as t h e r ig ht t o h ave a cce ss t o u niv ersit y
educa tio n, a nd t h at g overn m ent s h ould m ak e it f r e e f o r a ll s tu dents n o m atte r
what f in ancia l b ack gro und t h ey h ave. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r
dis a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n.
It i s c o m monly /w id ely b elie v ed th at to e nhance th e e q uity o f s tu d ent, f r e e a ccess
to u niv ers ity s h o uld b e g iv en to a ll, n o tw ith sta nd in g th eir c ir c um sta nces. W hile
th is w ay m ay b e v alid to a c erta in e xte nt, I c o nte nd th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld
co nfe r th is o pportu nity f o r q ualifie d p eo ple .
It i s u nd ers ta nd ab le w hy s o m e p eo ple a d vocate a b olis h in g th e c o lle ge tu iti o n f e e.
The m ain r a ti o nale i s th at th ey c o nsid er e v ery o ne i s e q uita b le , a nd a ll s tu d ents
dese rv e i t/ d ese rv e a c hance to e xp erie nce h ig her/fu rth er e d ucati o n. M ore o ver, n o t
only th e s o cio -e q uity b ut a ls o th e l iv in g s ta nd ard w ould b e a d vanced w hen
ev ery o ne i s a g ra d uate . H ow ev er, th is th in kin g i s f la w ed , a s i t m ay h av e a n
ad vers e e ffe ct o n th e r e st o f th e s tu d ents . W hen e d ucati o n i s f r e e, th ey c o uld n ev er
co m pete , a nd g ra d ually b eco m e i r re sp onsib le i n th eir s tu d y. A s a r e su lt, th ey m ay
be r e lu cta nt to s tu d y h ard er, a nd e d ucati o nal a tta in m ent/ o vera ll a cad em ic
perfo rm ance m ay d ete rio ra te .
In ste ad o f th e a fo re m enti o ned a p pro ach, I a m o f th e o pin io n th at th e n o n-fe e
perm is sio n to u niv ers ity s h o uld b e a w ard ed a s s c ho la rs h ip s f o r p eo ple w ho a p ply
th em se lv es i n o rd er to g et o pti m al p erfo rm ance. T his w ould i n centi v iz e a ll to b e
dilig ent i n th eir s tu d y a nd p ro m ote h ealth y c o m peti ti o n, w hic h w ould b rin g th e
elite s f o r th e c o lle ge. T hey h av e w ork ed h ard to a chie v e th e b est r e su lt, s o i t
makes s e nse th at th eir e ffo rts e arn th em th e p riv ile ge. U S e d ucati o n s y ste m
perfe ctl y e xem plifie s th is s itu ati o n. S tu d ents w ho a chie v e/a cq uir e /o bta in q ualifie d
re su lts /r e q uir e m ents i n s tu d y a nd e xtr a curric ula r a cti v iti e s w ould b e c o nfe rre d
worth s c ho la rs h ip f r o m th e u niv ers ity . T his c re ate s a s e nse o f f a ir n ess a nd
acco m plis h m ent f o r e v ery b ody, a nd th ey w ill e nd eav our to e xcel i n th eir s tu d y.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile th ere a re r e aso ns to s u p port m akin g c o lle ge e d ucati o n f r e e, I
co nte nd th at o nly c ap ab le s tu d ents s h o uld b e g iv en th is p riv ile ge.
287 w ord s
366

SA M PL E 4 4
Sch ools s h ould c o nce ntr a te o n t e ach in g s tu dents t h e a ca dem ic s u bje cts t h at
will b e u se fu l f o r t h eir f u tu re c a re ers. S ubje cts s u ch a s m usic a nd s p orts a re
not u se fu l. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
In r e cent d ecad es, i t i s b elie v ed th at s c ho ols h ad b ette r p ay l e ss a tte nti o n to
arti s ti c a nd s p orts s u b je cts a nd p ut m ore e m phasis o n a cad em ic s u b je cts b ecause
of th eir u se fu ln ess. W hile th is th in kin g i s v alid to a c erta in e xte nt, I w ould a rg ue
su b je cts r e la ti n g to m usic a nd s p ort c o uld a ls o b rin g a b out a n um ber o f m erits .
It i s u nd ers ta nd ab le w hy s o m e a d vocate th e i d ea o f e nco ura gin g te achers a nd
stu d ents to f o cus o n a cad em ic s u b je cts . T o b egin w ith , b y s p end in g a g re at a m ount
of ti m e o n l e arn in g s u ch k no w le d ge i n th ese s u b je cts , l e arn ers w ould b ro ad en
th eir h o riz o ns a nd a chie v e g o od p erfo rm ance o n c am pus. T his w ould a ct a s a
pre curs o r to th e a cq uis iti o n o f m any a d vanced q ualific ati o ns, a nd th us th ese
und erg ra d uate s w ould s e cure a r e w ard in g j o b w ith h ig her p ro m oti o n o pportu nity
afte r th eir g ra d uati o n. I n a d diti o n, i f i n te nsiv e l e arn in g i n th ese s u b je cts i s
pro cesse d , th o se w ho a re g o in g to c la sse s o n a d aily b asis m ay b e e q uip ped w ith
a l o t o f v ita l s k ills , w hic h a re e asie r f o r th em to p erfo rm th eir ta sk s m ore
effe cti v ely a t th e w ork p la ce. A s a r e su lt, w hen th ese i n d iv id uals a re c o nfr o nte d
with a m yria d o f p ro ble m s, th ey h av e a te nd ency to o verc o m e d iffic ulti e s
effo rtl e ssly w ith th eir s k ills th ey l e arn ed a t s c ho ols .
As w ell a s th e a cad em ic s u b je cts , s u b je cts l ik e m usic a nd s p orts a ls o o ffe r a
ra nge o f c o nsid era b le a d vanta ges to th e o ccup ati o nal f u tu re . I n f a ct, a l o t o f
stu d ie s s u ggest th at m usic c la sse s w ould b e a c o nd ucti v e e nv ir o nm ent to th e
enhancem ent o f s tu d ents ’ i n no vati o n c ap ab ility . I t i s v ita lly i m porta nt f o r th e
le arn ers to g ain th is s p ecia l s k ill b ecause th ey w ould b e m ore l ik ely to g enera te a
wealth o f c re ati v e m eth o ds o r s o lu ti o ns w hic h h elp th em to s o lv e m any d iffic ult
situ ati o ns a t w ork . I n a d diti o n to th e i m pro vem ent o f th e m enta l p ro cess, th e b oost
in p up ils ’ w ell- b ein g m ay b e g re ate r w hen th ey e ngage i n s p orts c la sse s. T he
im plic ati o n o f th is i s th at th ey w ould h av e th e a b ility to b e m ore i n d ustr io us a nd
sh o w th e p ositi v e m anner to w ard s th eir w ork lo ad .
In c o nclu sio n, a rt a nd p hysic al s u b je cts , a s w ell a s a cad em ic s u b je cts b oth , h av e
positi v e i n flu ences o n f u tu re c are ers , th us s tu d ents s h o uld h o ld th e b ala nce
betw een th ese tw o s u b je cts f o r th e o pti m um b enefits .
330 w ord s
367

SA M PL E 4 5
It is o bse rv ed t h at in m any c o untr ie s n ot e nough s tu dents a re c h oosin g t o
stu dy s c ie nce s u bje ct. W hat a re c a use s? A nd w hat w ill b e e ffe cts o n s o cie ty ?
Recentl y , th ere i s a l a ck o f l e arn ers w ho c ho ose s c ie nce a s th eir m ajo r. T his
hap pens d ue to s e v era l r e aso ns a lo ng w ith n egati v e i m pacts o n th e c o m munity a s a
who le .
There a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns w hy f e w er s tu d ents s e le ct s c ie nce s u b je cts to
purs u e. T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at th o se s u b je cts a re to o d iffic ult a nd d em and in g,
whic h r e q uir e s tu d ents to p ut m any e ffo rts i n to th eir s tu d ie s. F or e xam ple , m y
fr ie nd w ho i s a tte nd in g a b io lo gic c o urs e s a ys th at h e h as to c arry o ut to o m any
exp erim ents a nd c o m ple te m any p ro je cts , w hic h p re v ents h im f r o m h av in g s p are
ti m e f o r h im se lf/ r e la xati o n. A s a r e su lt, s c ie nce s u b je cts a re l e ss a ttr a cti v e
univ ers ity s tu d ents th an s u b je ct r e la te d to e co no m ic s. T he s e co nd r e aso n i s th at
because th ere a re a f e w j o b o pportu niti e s a v aila b le f o r s tu d ents w ho g ra d uate i n
sc ie nti fic f ile d , l e arn ers a re l e ss m ore l ik ely to c ho ose th o se s u b je cts a s th eir
majo r. C onse q uentl y , th ey te nd to c ho ose th o se s u b je cts th at a llo w th em to f in d /
se ek a j o b m ore e asily .
A s h o rta ge o f s tu d ents i n s c ie nce f ie ld s m ay l e ad to s e v era l n egati v e i m pacts .
Fir s tl y , a s th ere a re f e w er l e arn ers w ho d ecid e to f o llo w s c ie nce c are ers , th ere
will b e a s h o rta ge o f w ork fo rc e i n th ese f ie ld s. T his c o uld r e su lt i n a s m alle r
num ber o f a cco m plis h m ents i n s c ie nce a nd a ls o a v oid th e e nhancem ent o f l iv in g
sta nd ard . F or i n sta nce, th ere w ould b e d iffic ult f o r p eo ple to p ro duce n ew er
sm artp ho nes w ith m ore f u ncti o ns. S eco nd ly , w hile th ere i s a n i n cre asin g n um ber
of c o lle ague s tu d ents w ho s tu d y e co no m ic s, th e v acancie s i n th o se f ie ld s a re
re str ic te d . T here fo re , a h uge n um ber o f g ra d uate s w ould b e u nem plo yed , w hic h
in cre ase s b urd ens f o r s o cie ty .
In c o nclu sio n, th e s h o rta ge o f s tu d ents s e le cti n g s c ie nce s u b je cts i s s te m med f r o m
se v era l f a cto rs , a nd th is i s su e m ig ht b rin g a b out s e rio us d ra w backs.
288 w ord s
368

SA M PL E 4 6
Mem oriz atio n o f in fo rm atio n b y f r e quent r e petit io n ( r o te le arn in g) p la ys a
ro le in m ost e duca tio n s y ste m s.
Dis c u ss t h e u se fu ln ess o f t h is m eth od o f le arn in g a nd it s d em erit s , a nd g iv e
your o w n o pin io n.
In r e cent y ears , i t i s b elie v ed th at r o te l e arn in g h as b een c o nsid ere d o ne o f th e
most u lti m ate m eth o ds o f a b so rb in g k no w le d ge a ro und th e w orld . T his
mem oriz a ti o n te chniq ue h as i ts o w n b enefits a nd d ra w backs; h o w ev er, I s tr o ngly
belie v e th at th is l e arn in g m eth o d c an/c anno t h elp l e arn ers m ake p ro gre ss i n th eir
stu d y.
There a re a n um ber o f a d vanta ges th e m eth o d c an o ffe r th e p eo ple w ho f o llo w i t.
Fir s t, r o te l e arn in g a id s l e arn ers to ta ke i n a w ealth o f k no w le d ge i n a s h o rt
perio d. M any u nd erg ra d uate s, f o r e xam ple , h av e to u ti liz e th is m eth o d i n o rd er to
pass th e e xam i n u niv ers ity d ue to d ue to a n e xcessiv e a m ount o f i n fo rm ati o n i n
each l e sso n, w hic h i s ti m e-c o nsu m in g to a cq uir e a th o ro ugh u nd ers ta nd in g.
Seco nd , b y r e p eati n g f r e q uentl y , c hild re n c an m em oriz e s o m e b asic k no w le d ge
and f a cts f a ste r w ith o ut c riti c al th in kin g o r d eep a naly sis , w hic h a ssis t th em to
th eir l e arn in g p ro cess a nd d ev elo pin g e xam in ati o n p erfo rm ance i n th e f u tu re . I n
fa ct, f o rm ula m em oriz a ti o n i s c o nd uciv e to s tu d ents ’ f le xib ility i n ta cklin g a ny
math em ati c s e xerc is e s a s th ey c an r e call f o rm ula e i n a q uic k w ay.
Nev erth ele ss, th e b enefit i s o fte n e clip se d b y th e p ote nti a l d ra w backs. F ir s t, i f
le arn ers c ra m th eir l e sso n b y f o llo w in g th is p ra cti c e, th ey w ould n o t g ain a
co m pre hensiv e u nd ers ta nd in g o f th e to pic th ey h av e l e arn ed . T he i m plic ati o n o f
th is i s th at th e a p plic ati o n o f s u ch k no w le d ge i n to s tu d ents ’ r e al l ife i s n o t l ik ely to
hap pen. I n a d diti o n, th is p ra cti c e a cts a s a d ete rre nt f o r c ulti v ati n g s tu d ents ’ s o cia l
sk ills s u ch a s c o m munic ati o n a nd d eb ati n g s k ills . T his h as a d ev asta ti n g i m pact o n
no t o nly th e s u ccess i n th e c am pus i n th e p re se nt b ut a ls o p ro fe ssio nal s u ccess i n
th e f u tu re .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile th is m eth o d m ay b e e ffe cti v e i n s o m e c ir c um sta nces, m ost o f
th e ti m e, i t d oes n o t tr ig ger a n i m pro vem ent i n e d ucati o nal q uality . L earn ers
sh o uld a ls o c o nsid er th eir o w n n eed s a nd p urp ose s o f s tu d y to m ake th e b est
decis io n o ver m em oriz a ti o n o r o th er s tu d yin g m eth o ds.
314 w ord s
369

SA M PL E 4 7
Som e p eople p re fe r t o liv e in a h ouse , w hile o th ers f e el t h at t h ere a re m ore
advanta ges t o liv in g in a n a partm ent.
Are t h ere m ore a dvanta ges t h an d is a dvanta ges o f liv in g in a h ouse c o m pare d
wit h liv in g in a n a partm ent?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
In r e cent y ears , m any p eo ple c ho ose to l iv e i n a p riv ate h o use . A lth o ugh th ere a re
so m e o bvio us a d vanta ges o f th is tr e nd , I w ould a rg ue th at l iv in g i n a f la t i s f a r
more b enefic ia l.
To b egin w ith , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy m any p eo ple te nd to l iv e i n a
priv ate h o use . F ir s tl y , i t i s o bvio us th at p riv acy i s th e m ost p ro m in ent e le m ent,
whic h r e su lts i n o ne’s c ho ic e f o r th e h o use . I n o th er w ord s, r e sid ents a re a b le to
do w hate v er th ey l ik e s u ch a s r e b uild in g th e h o use o r s im ply p la nti n g m ore tr e es
in th e g ard en i n th eir o w n h o use w ith o ut a ffe cti n g/d is tu rb in g th e n eig hb ors .
Seco nd ly , th o se w ho l iv e i n a h o use h av e n o t to p ay f o r b uild in g s e rv ic es s o th ey
may s a v e a g re at d eal o f m oney. M y f a m ily , f o r e xam ple , h as b oth a h o use a nd a n
ap artm ent i n th e c ity . W e h av e to m ake a m onth ly p aym ent f o r th e a p artm ent
se rv ic e, w here as n o f e es a re a p plie d to th e h o use .
Desp ite th e u p sid es th at h o use b rin gs, I s tr o ngly b elie v e th at l iv in g i n a n a p artm ent
is th e b est o pti o n. I n iti a lly , i n hab ita nts w ho l iv e i n a n a p artm ent i n th e c o m ple x
build in g a re o ffe re d w ith a w id e r a nge o f g o ods a nd s e rv ic es, th anks to th e
av aila b ility o f s h o ppin g m alls a nd s e rv ic e c ente rs i n th e g ro und f lo or.
Furth erm ore , i t i s s a fe r to l iv e a p artm ents . I t i s d ue to th e f a ct th at s u rv eilla nce
cam era s a re i n sta lle d e v ery w here i n th e b uild in g to m ake s u re /m ain ta in th e
se curity f o r th e r e sid ents , e sp ecia lly th o se w ho o fte n tr a v el f o r w ork .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I r e co gniz e th e p ossib le a d vanta ges o f l iv in g i n a h o use , i t
se em s to m e th at l iv in g i n a n a p artm ent i s m ore b enefic ia l o vera ll.
275 w ord s
370

SA M PL E 4 8
Som e p eople b elie ve t h e g overn m ent s h ould s p end m oney o n b uild in g t r a in
and s u bw ay lin es t o r e duce t r a ffic c o ngestio n. O th ers t h in k t h at b uild in g m ore
and w id er r o ads is t h e b ette r w ay t o r e duce t r a ffic c o ngestio n.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
While s o m e p eo ple th in k th at g o vern m ent s h o uld i n v est m ore c ap ita l i n i m pro vin g
metr o s a nd u nd erg ro und i n fr a str u ctu re s to m in im iz e tr a ffic j a m , o th ers w ould
belie v e th at e xp and in g r o ad w ays i s th e b est w ay to ta ckle th e a fo re m enti o ned
is su e. O vera ll, i t i s m y p ers o nal v ie w th at b oth m easu re s p la y v ita l r o le s i n e asin g
tr a ffic f lo w s.
On th e o ne h and , e nhancin g p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n i s c riti c al f o r th e g o vern m ent to
co pe w ith th e u b iq uito us p ro ble m o f i n cre asin g c o m mute rs . T here fo re , b uild in g
tr a in a nd s u b w ay l in es i s a n i n d is p uta b le r e so lu ti o n w hic h s h o uld b e ta ken i n to
acco unt. B y m akin g c o m muti n g s e rv ic e m ore s ta te -o f- th e-a rt, p eo ple w ill f in d
pub lic v ehic le s a s a n i n d is p ensa b le m eans o f tr a nsp ort a nd w ill b e e nco ura ged to
use th em m ore f r e q uentl y . A s a r e su lt, th e a m ount o f p riv ate tr a nsp ort w ill b e
re d uced , w hic h w ill d efin ite ly d ecre ase th e p re ssu re o n th e r o ad s. F or e xam ple ,
tr a ffic j a m i s n o t a b ig p ro ble m f o r c o untr ie s w hic h h av e d ev elo ped u nd erg ro und
sy ste m s s u ch a s F ra nce o r S in gap ore .
On th e o th er h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at e nla rg in g r o ad s w ill h elp to s te m th e r o ot
cause s o f tr a ffic c o ngesti o n. P riv ate v ehic le s c o ntr ib ute to a m ajo r p art o f d aily
tr a nsp orta ti o n b ecause th ey a re i m porta nt to r e sid ents i n c ase o f e m erg ency a nd
esse nce. T hus, th e g o vern m ent s h o uld n o t f o cus o nly o n i m pro vin g p ub lic
tr a nsp orta ti o n b ut i g no re th e m easu re to u p gra d e n arro w l a nes a nd o bso le te
hig hw ays. I n d eed , B uild in g m ore a nd w id er r o ad s w ill u nd oub te d ly s o lv e th e
is su e o f b lo cked s tr e ets d urin g r u sh h o urs . E very g o vern m ent r e co gniz e s th e
im porta nce o f e xp and in g r o ad w ays s o th at v ast a m ounts o f d olla rs f r o m n ati o nal
bud gets a re a llo cate d to r o ad w id enin g p ro je cts e ach y ear.
In c o nclu sio n, I o nce a gain r e affir m th at b uild in g m ore r o ute s o f tr a in a nd s u b w ay
as w ell a s i m pro vin g th e i n fr a str u ctu re o f c urre nt r o ad s a re e sse nti a l s o lu ti o ns to
fa ce th e g ro w th o f tr a ffic f lo w s.
294 w ord s
371

SA M PL E 4 9
In o rd er t o s o lv e t r a ffic p ro ble m s, g overn m ents s h ould t a x p riv ate c a r o w ners
heavily a nd u se t h e m oney t o im pro ve p ublic t r a nsp orta tio n. W hat a re t h e
advanta ges a nd d is a dvanta ges o f s u ch a s o lu tio n?
Many n ati o ns i m pose a h ig h ta x r a te o n p riv ate c ars to i m pro ve tr a ffic c o ngesti o n
and to p ro m ote p ub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n. E ven th o ugh th e h ig her ta x o n c ars w ill h elp
dis c o ura ge c ar o w ners h ip a nd c o ntr ib ute to th e n ati o nal b ud get f o r p ub lic
tr a nsp orta ti o n, i t d efin ite ly c re ate s a b urd en f o r b uyers w hic h m ay l e ad to p ub lic
te nsio n.
In d eed , th e ta x w ill r a is e th e r e ta il p ric e o f c ars , th us s lo w in g d ow n th e d em and
fo r th em . W hen th e n um ber o f c ars o n r o ad i s r e d uced , tr a ffic c o ngesti o n i s
le sse ned . F or i n sta nce, M ala ysia i s a ty p ic al e xam ple a s th is c o untr y i m pose s a
very h ig h ta x r a te o n p riv ate c ars . T he p ric e o f a c ar i n M ala ysia i s e sc ala te d b y
more th an 1 00% a fte r a s a le s ta x a nd a d uty ta x. A cco rd in g to a r e p ort p ub lis h ed
by th e R oad T ra nsp orta ti o n D ep artm ent i n 2 005, i n tr o ducin g ta xes o n p riv ate c ars
had h elp ed th e g o vern m ent to i m pro ve th e tr a ffic c o ngesti o n i n K uala L um pur b y
re d ucin g th e a v era ge tr a ffic -ja m h o urs f r o m 2 .5 h o urs to 1 .2 h o urs i n th e c ity .
Furth erm ore , th e g o vern m ent c an u se th e ta x r e v enue to d ev elo p a nd to p ro m ote
pub lic tr a nsp orta ti o n s y ste m . A ls o i n th e c ase o f M ala ysia , th is c o untr y h as b uilt,
with th e f u nd in g f r o m ta x r e v enue o n p riv ate c ars , th e m ain r a p id s k y-tr a in a nd
und erg ro und m etr o s y ste m s, h elp in g th o usa nd s o f p eo ple c o m mute to w ork o n a
daily b asis .
Nev erth ele ss, v ehic le s ta x i s b la m ed f o r c re ati n g a n u nfa ir tr e atm ent i n th e s o cie ty
as i t i m pacts th e p oor m ore th an i t d oes to th e r ic h. I n o th er w ord s, w hen p ub lic
tr a nsp orta ti o n i s n o t a n i d eal o r o pti m al s o lu ti o n, p eo ple s ti ll n eed to b uy a c ar.
Hig h ta xati o n w ill c re ate a b urd en f o r c o nsu m ers , e sp ecia lly th o se w ith a l im ite d
bud get. F or e xam ple , th e h ig h ta x r a te i n M ala ysia c ause s a c ar to c o st a lm ost tw o
ti m es th e o rig in al p ric e. A cco rd in g to a s u rv ey c o nd ucte d b y th e M ala ysia
Auto m obile I n sti tu te , th e f ir s t c ar b uyers w ho a re m ostl y f r e sh g ra d uate d s tu d ents ,
hav e to m ake a l o an w hen b uyin g c ars a nd i t o fte n ta kes th em m ore th an f iv e y ears
on a v era ge to p ay i t o ff. T here fo re p eo ple a re h o ld in g p ro te sts to c all f o r a d ro p i n
car ta x r a te i n M ala ysia .
To c o nclu d e, ta x o n p riv ate c ars b rin gs b oth m erits a nd d ra w backs. I t h elp s to c ut
dow n th e d em and f o r c ars , w hic h i n tu rn , h elp s to c ease tr a ffic c o ngesti o n.
372

How ev er, i t c re ate s a b urd en to th e p ub lic w hen th ey d o n o t h av e a n a lte rn ati v e
opti o n to o w nin g a c ar.
330 w ord s
373

SA M PL E 5 0
Rese arc h s u ggests t h at m ajo rit y o f c rim in als w ho a re s e nt t o a p ris o n w ould
co m mit c rim es w hen s e ttin g f r e e, w hat d o y ou t h in k o f t h is c a se ? W hat c a n b e
done t o s o lv e t h is p ro ble m ?

Many r e se arc hers a rg ued th at a lm ost p ris o ners r e -o ffe nd a fte r b ein g r e le ase d f r o m
th e p ris o ns. W hile I a ccep t th at th is m ay s u it s o m e p eo ple , I b elie v e th at th ere i s a
varie ty o f c ause s to th is i s su e a nd s e v era l m easu re s to ta ckle i t.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re d iffe re nt r e aso ns w hy p ris o ners w ould c o m mit c rim es
again . T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th at c rim in als s ta rt g angs i n p ris o n. T hey m ake f r ie nd s
with o th er o ffe nd ers a nd th ey r e -o ffe nd e asily w hen th ey a re r e le ase d . T he s e co nd
re aso n i s th at a c rim in al r e co rd m akes f in d in g a j o b m ore d iffic ult. M ost
em plo yers r e v ie w C V o f c and id ate s a nd j u st i n te rv ie w th e p eo ple w ith n o p ris o n
re co rd . I t i s e xtr e m ely s u ita b le f o r a c o m pany o r o rg aniz a ti o ns to s ig n a c o ntr a ct
with a g o od w ork er b ecause o f th eir s a fe ty . T he th ir d r e aso n i s th at e x-c rim in als
are s h am efu l to c o m munic ate w ith th e c o m munity to p arti c ip ate i n a te am to w ork .
There fo re , th ey w ould c o m mit c rim es to s u rv iv e.
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re q uite a n um ber o f s o lu ti o ns w hic h th e c o m munity a nd
go vern m ent s h o uld d o to a d dre ss th is m atte r. F ir s tl y , p ris o ners s h o uld r e ceiv e
vocati o nal tr a in in g d urin g th e d ete nti o n p erio d. T here fo re , w hen th ey a re s e t f r e e,
th ey b eco m e m ore b enefic ia l f o r th e s o cie ty a nd c o m munity . O ne o f th e e xam ple s
would b e b y p ro vid in g s o m e te chnic al c o urs e s s u ch a s p lu m bin g o r m echanic al
co urs e s. S eco nd ly , th e g o vern m ent a nd c o m munity s h o uld c o opera te b y r e cru iti n g
ex-c rim in als . F or i n sta nce, th e g o vern m ent s h o uld e sta b lis h s o m e s ta te w ork sh o ps
or s a lo ns to c re ate m ore j o bs f o r e x-c rim in als .
In c o nclu sio n, b ase d o n th e r e se arc h, i t i s f o und th at m any c rim in als , w ho h av e
been r e le ase d f r o m j a ils , a re m ostl y d oin g c rim in al a cti v iti e s a gain . A nd to c o pe
with th e i s su e, g o vern m ents a nd s o cie ti e s s h o uld c o opera te i n p ro vid in g s o m e
esse nti a l s k ills a nd w ork p la ces f o r th ese e x-c rim in als .
291 w ord s
374

SA M PL E 5 1
The b est w ay t o s o lv e t h e w orld ’s e nvir o nm enta l p ro ble m is t o in cre ase t h e
pric e o f f u el. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ent?
It i s c o m monly b elie v ed th at a n i n cre ase i n f u el c o st i s th e m ost o pti m al w ay to
so lv e th e w orld ’s g re en i s su es. W hile th is p ers p ecti v e m ay s u it m any p eo ple , m y
vie w i s th at th ere a re o th er e ffe cti v e w ays to ta ckle th is i s su e.
To b egin w ith , r a is in g th e p ric e o f f u el m ig ht a lle v ia te e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s.
The m ain r e aso n f o r th at i s th e r e d ucti o n o f f u el c o nsu m pti o n, o w in g to a d eclin e
in th e n um ber o f p eo ple w illin g to p ay f o r f u el f e es. C onse q uentl y , n o t o nly w ill
th e a m ount o f r e le ase d p ollu ta nts to th e a tm osp here d ecre ase b ut th e r a te o f
in d ustr ia l w aste s w ill a ls o d eclin e. E ven th o ugh th is m ig ht h av e d etr im enta l
im pacts o n f u el c o m panie s, s o m e e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m s w ill b e a lle v ia te d s u ch
as g lo bal w arm in g d ue to a f a ll i n th e a m ount o f c arb on d io xid e e m is sio n f r o m
vehic le s.
In s p ite o f th e a fo re m enti o ned p oin ts , th ere a re s e v era l e ffe cti v e w ays to d eal w ith
gre en i s su es. T he m ost i d eal s o lu ti o n i s th at th e g o vern m ent s h o uld p ut th eir
prio rity o n r e p la cin g f u el w ith o th er ty p es o f e nerg y w hic h a re n o t h arm fu l to th e
env ir o nm ent. F or i n sta nce, s c ie nti s ts i n d ev elo ped c o untr ie s h av e b een u sin g
ele ctr ic ity to p ow er a c ar i n ste ad o f g as. A lth o ugh th is d ev elo pm ent m ig ht ta ke a
lo t o f ti m e i n d ev elo pin g n ati o ns, p eo ple c an u se o th er s o urc es o f e nerg y, w hic h i s
fr ie nd ly to th e e nv ir o nm ent, to o pera te th eir c ar, h ence g re en i s su es s u ch a s g lo bal
warm in g c an b e s o lv ed r a d ic ally i n l o ng-te rm .
To c o nclu d e, i t i s tr u e th at r a is in g f u el c o st i s a g o od a p pro ach to s o lv e th e
world ’s e nv ir o nm enta l p ro ble m , b ut th is i s b y n o m eans th e m ost i d eal s o lu ti o n to
ta ckle th is i s su e.
269 w ord s

375

SA M PL E 5 2
Som e p eople c la im t h at p ublic m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s w ill n ot b e n eeded
beca use p eople c a n s e e h is to ric a l o bje cts a nd w ork s o f a rt b y u sin g a
co m pute r. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
It i s c o m monly b elie v ed th at a rt e xhib iti o ns a nd m use um s w ill n o t b e n ecessa ry a s
his to ric al i te m s a nd p ain ti n gs c an b e s e en b y p eo ple th ro ugh th e u se o f c o m pute rs .
While th is p ers p ecti v e m ay s u it m any p eo ple , i t i s m y v ie w th at m use um s a nd a rt
galle rie s s ti ll o ffe r r e w ard in g e xp erie nces to v is ito rs .
To b egin w ith , s o m e p eo ple m ig ht p re fe r to s e e d is p la ys o f p ain ti n gs a nd
his to ric al i te m s b y u sin g a c o m pute r. T he m ain r e aso n f o r th is i s th at c o m pute rs
hav e p ro vid ed c o nv enie nt a ccessib ility f o r th e s o cie ty . F or i n sta nce, m any p eo ple
can a p pre cia te a nd a d m ir e w ell- k no w n m aste rp ie ces o f f a m ous p ain te rs s u ch a s
Pic asso o w in g to th e u se o f th e i n te rn et. N ot o nly d oes th e i n te rn et p ro vid e i m ages
and p ic tu re s o f r e no w ned a rtw ork s a nd h is to ric al o bje cts b ut i t a ls o o ffe rs
im med ia te i n fo rm ati o n to v ie w ers . C onse q uentl y , p eo ple a re m ore l ik ely to u se th e
co m pute rs to f in d i n fo rm ati o n a b out a rtw ork s a nd i te m s r a th er th an g o in g to th e
muse um o r a rt g alle rie s.
In s p ite o f th e a fo re m enti o ned p oin ts , m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s a re s ti ll p opula r
in m odern s o cie ti e s. T his i s b ecause p eo ple m ay g ain a m ore r e w ard in g
exp erie nce w hen v is iti n g a m use um o r a rt g alle ry . F or e xam ple , a d m ir in g th e
dis p la y o f f a m ous a rtw ork s i n a g alle ry m ig ht g iv e p eo ple a s e nse o f tr a nq uility
and p eace. E ven th o ugh i t m ig ht b e i n co nv enie nt f o r s o m e to v is it a g alle ry o r a
muse um d ue to tr a nsp ort f e e, th ey c an h av e m ore r e alis ti c e xp erie nce th at a
co m pute r c anno t o ffe r. H ence i t i s m ore e njo yab le to o bse rv e a nd p erc eiv e th e
sig nific ance o f a rtw ork s a nd a rti fa cts i n r e al l ife r a th er th an p ic tu re s o n th e
in te rn et.
To c o nclu d e, i t i s tr u e th at a c o m pute r c an a ssis t p eo ple c o nv enie ntl y s e ein g
artw ork s a nd h is to ric al i te m s, b ut th is i s b y n o m eans a r e p la cem ent o f m use um s
and a rt g alle rie s.
292 w ord s
376

SA M PL E 5 3
Overp opula tio n o f u rb an a re as h as le d t o n um ero us p ro ble m s. I d entif y o ne o r
tw o s e rio us o nes a nd s u ggest w ays t h at g overn m ents a nd in div id uals c a n
ta ck le t h ese p ro ble m s.
The e xp lo sio n o f p opula ti o n i n l a rg e c iti e s h as b eco m e a to pic o f p ub lic i n te re st i n
many p arts o f th e w orld . T he c o nse q uences o f th is p heno m eno n a re v arie d , a nd i t
is u rg ent th at s o m e m easu re s s h o uld b e ta ken to o verc o m e th ese p ro ble m s.
To b egin w ith , th ere a re tw o m ain a d vers e i m pacts c ause d b y a r a p id i n cre ase i n
th e n um ber o f m etr o polita n c iti z e ns. T he f ir s t n egati v e i n flu ence i s r e la te d to th e
ris e i n c rim es i n c iti e s. A s th e n um ber o f n ew j o bs c re ate d y early c anno t m atc h to
th at o f j o b s e ekers , th e u nem plo ym ent r a te i n ev ita b ly e sc ala te s; f o rc in g m any
yo ungste rs i n to c rim in al l ife to m ake a l iv in g. I n a d diti o n, i t a ls o c an i n te nsify th e
hig h c o st o f l iv in g i n u rb an a re as. T he o verw helm in g p opula ti o n i n a c erta in a re a
is l ik ely to p ut a m ajo r s tr a in o n s u p ply in g a cco m modati o ns i n clu d in g f o od,
sh elte r, a nd h ealth care . T his m eans th at p eo ple m ust p ay m uch m ore m oney f o r
th ese b asic a m eniti e s c o m pare d to th e p ast.
How ev er, w e to ta lly c an f in d e ffe cti v e w ays to a lle v ia te th ese r e p erc ussio ns.
Fir s tl y , a ccele ra ti n g m odern iz a ti o n i n r u ra l r e gio ns s h o uld b e g iv en p rio rity b y th e
go vern m ent. B y m ovin g a s w ell a s e re cti n g m ore f a cto rie s to th e c o untr y sid e,
more j o b o pportu niti e s c an b e a v aila b le f o r th e l o cals , d is c o ura gin g th em f r o m
le av in g th eir h o m eto w n f o r c iti e s. S eco nd ly , i t i s n ecessa ry f o r a uth o riti e s to
org aniz e e d ucati o nal p ro gra m s o n m eth o ds o f f a m ily p la nnin g l ik e u sin g p ro per
co ntr a cep ti v es a nd s e x i s su es a s w ell, w hic h w ill g iv e a s ig nific ant c o ntr ib uti o n
in c o ntr o llin g th e n um ber o f f a m ily m em bers .
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at p ro life ra ti o n o f u rb an p opula ti o n c an g enera te g ra v e
so cia l p ro ble m s a nd a c o opera ti o n b etw een e ach i n d iv id ual a nd th e g o vern m ent’ s
effo rts a re r e q uis ite f o r s o lv in g th em .
275 w ord s
377

Ie lt s
W rit in g T ask 2 S am ple s
45 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h B and S co re
8.0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 7 )
-- B y R ach el M it c h ell –
378

Table o f C onte nts
IN TR O DUCTIO N
SA M PL E 1
SA M PL E 2
SA M PL E 3
SA M PL E 4
SA M PL E 5
SA M PL E 6
SA M PL E 7
SA M PL E 8
SA M PL E 9
SA M PL E 1 0
SA M PL E 1 1
SA M PL E 1 2
SA M PL E 1 3
SA M PL E 1 4
SA M PL E 1 5
SA M PL E 1 6
SA M PL E 1 7
SA M PL E 1 8
SA M PL E 1 9
SA M PL E 2 0
SA M PL E 2 1
SA M PL E 2 2
379

SA M PL E 2 3
SA M PL E 2 4
SA M PL E 2 5
SA M PL E 2 6
SA M PL E 2 7
SA M PL E 2 8
SA M PL E 2 9
SA M PL E 3 0
SA M PL E 3 1
SA M PL E 3 2
SA M PL E 3 3
SA M PL E 3 4
SA M PL E 3 5
SA M PL E 3 6
SA M PL E 3 7
SA M PL E 3 8
SA M PL E 3 9
SA M PL E 4 0
SA M PL E 4 1
SA M PL E 4 2
SA M PL E 4 3
SA M PL E 4 4
SA M PL E 4 5

380

IN TR O DUCTIO N
Thank y o u a nd c o ngra tu la te y o u f o r d ow nlo ad in g th e b ook
“IE LTS W ritin g T a sk 2
Sam ple s: 4 5 H ig h-Q uality M odel E ssa ys f o r Y o ur R efe re n ce t o G ain a H ig h
Band S co re 8 .0 + I n 1 W eek ( B ook 7 ).”
This b ook i s w ell d esig ned a nd w ritte n b y a n e xp erie nced n ati v e te acher f r o m th e
USA w ho h as b een te achin g I E LT S f o r o ver 1 0 y ears . S he r e ally i s th e e xp ert i n
tr a in in g I E LT S f o r s tu d ents a t e ach l e v el. I n th is b ook, s h e w ill p ro vid e y o u 4 5
hig h-q uality m odel e ssa ys to h elp y o u e asily a chie v e a n 8 .0 + i n th e I E LT S W riti n g
Task 2 , e v en i f y o ur E nglis h i s n o t e xcelle nt. T hese s a m ple s w ill a ls o w alk y o u
th ro ugh s te p -b y-s te p o n h o w to d ev elo p y o ur w ell- o rg aniz e d a nsw ers f o r th e T ask
2 W riti n g.
As th e a uth o r o f th is b ook, I b elie v e th at th is b ook w ill b e a n i n d is p ensa b le
re fe re nce a nd tr u ste d g uid e f o r y o u w ho m ay w ant to m axim iz e y o ur b and s c o re i n
IE LT S ta sk 2 w riti n g. O nce y o u r e ad th is b ook, I g uara nte e y o u th at y o u w ill h av e
le arn ed a n e xtr a o rd in arily w id e r a nge o f u se fu l, a nd p ra cti c al I E LT S W RIT IN G
TA SK 2 m odel e ssa ys th at w ill h elp y o u b eco m e a s u ccessfu l I E LT S ta ker a s w ell
as y o u w ill e v en b eco m e a s u ccessfu l E nglis h w rite r i n w ork a nd i n l ife w ith in a
sh o rt p erio d o f ti m e o nly .
Take a cti o n to day a nd s ta rt g etti n g b ette r s c o re s to m orro w !
Thank y o u a gain f o r p urc hasin g th is b ook, a nd I h o pe y o u e njo y i t.
381

SA M PL E 1
Few er a nd f e w er p eople w alk o n a d aily b asis . W hat a re t h e r e aso ns a nd h ow
to e nco ura ge t h em t o s p end t h eir t im e w alk in g?
It i s tr u e th at n o w ad ays th e n um ber o f p eo ple w alk o n a d aily b asis i s d ecre asin g
dra m ati c ally . T here a re v ario us r e aso ns g iv en to e xp la in th is te nd ency a nd s e v era l
effe cti v e s o lu ti o ns m ust b e a p plie d to a d dre ss th is p ro ble m .
There a re tw o m ain r e aso ns w hy f e w er p eo ple w alk r e gula rly n o w . T he f ir s t
re aso n i s th at th e d ev elo pm ent o f te chno lo gy h as d is c o ura ged s o m e p eo ple f r o m
walk in g. I n m ost b uild in gs, e sc ala to rs a nd e le v ato rs h av e a p peare d , e sp ecia lly i n
th e s h o ppin g c ente r a nd b uild in g o ffic es. T hey a re c o nv enie nt a nd ti m e-s a v in g b ut
it c ause d l a zin ess f o r o ld er p eo ple . S eco nd ly , th e n um ber o f v ehic le s l ik e c ars o r
moto rb ik es a re u se d i n cre asin gly h ig her, e sp ecia lly i n c ar-jo urn ey. F or e xam ple ,
pare nts n o w o fte n d ro p o ff th eir c hild re n g o to s c ho ol b y c ar o r m oto rb ik e, e v en
th o ugh s c ho ol i s n ’t f a r f r o m th eir p riv ate h o use .
There a re m easu re s w hic h n eed to b e a p plie d to e nco ura ge e v ery b ody w alk m ore
re gula rly . I n l o w - r is e b uild in gs, th e u se o f s ta ir s s h o uld b e o blig ato ry , j u st h av e
only o ne l ift f o r d is a b le d p eo ple . S eco nd ly , th e g o vern m ent s h o uld b uild s o m e
park s n ear th e to w n b lo ck a nd th e r e sid enti a l a re as to c re ate a p la ce f o r p eo ple to
re m ain th eir w alk in g h ab it. M ore o ver, th e b enefits o f w alk in g s h o uld b e w id e
pro m ote d th ro ugh th e o ffic ia l m ed ia i n o rd er th at e v ery o ne c o uld u nd ers ta nd a nd
pra cti c e d aily .
In c o nclu sio n, w e c an g iv e s o m e r e aso ns w hic h e xp la in to f e w er p eo ple w ho w ant
to w alk e v ery d ay a nd s o m e s im ple m easu re s s h o uld b e ta ken b y b oth th e
go vern m ent a nd i n d iv id uals .
255 w ord s
382

SA M PL E 2
Wheth er o r n ot s o m eone a ch ie ves t h eir a im s is m ostly b y a q uestio n o f lu ck .
To w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Peo ple ’s o pin io ns d iffe r a s to w heth er o r n o t l u ck i s th e m ain r e aso n w hy p eo ple
achie v e s u ccesse s, n o t b y th eir e ffo rts . I n m y o pin io n, w hile I b elie v e th at l u ck i s
im porta nt i n s o m e c ase s, I w ould a rg ue th at d ilig ence i s th e m ost i m porta nt f a cto r
le ad in g to s u ccess.
On th e o ne h and , l u ck o ccasio nally h elp s p eo ple s u rm ount d iffic ulti e s o r e v en
achie v e s u ccess. P eo ple b orn i n w ealth y f a m ilie s c an h av e m ore o pportu niti e s to
access b ette r e d ucati o n o r h av e m oney to f u lfill th eir d re am . A s a r e su lt, th ey
effo rtl e ssly g et a head i n th eir l ife . F urth erm ore , th ere a re s o m e n atu ra l c ap aciti e s
th at m ake p eo ple b eco m e m ore s p ecia l th an th o se w ho a re n o t s u ch l u cky. F or
exam ple , R onald in ho , a B ra zilia n p ro fe ssio nal f o otb alle r, w as k no w n f o r h is
te chniq ues a nd c re ati v iti e s s in ce h e w as v ery y o ung.
How ev er, I b elie v e th at th e m ost c ru cia l e le m ent o f s u ccess i s h ard -w ork in g.
Fir s tl y , p eo ple w ill n o t r e ach th eir ta rg et i f th ey d o n o t p ut d ete rm in ati o n a s th e
str ic tl y e sse nti a l f a cto r. D ete rm in ati o n d oes n o t o nly s tr e ngth en m oti v ati o n, b ut
als o f o und er m ore p ra cti c al i n iti a ti v e. S eco nd ly , th e m ore tr a in in g p eo ple
und erg o , th e m ore p ro fe ssio nal i n th is m ajo r th ey c an g et. J a ck M a, a C hin ese
busin ess m agnate , w ho l a cks n atu ra l ta le nt b ut s ti ll c re ate d h is o w n o pportu niti e s
th ro ugh p ra cti c in g E nglis h a nd r e le ntl e ssly p urs u in g h is d re am ; n o w , h e i s o ne o f
th e w orld ’s m ost i n flu enti a l b usin essm en a s th e e xecuti v e c hair m an o f A lib ab a
Gro up .
In c o nclu sio n, I s ti ll a ccep t th at l u ck i s a m yste rio us e le m ent th at s o m eti m es b rin gs
su ccess to p eo ple , b ut h ard -w ork in g l e ad in g to s u ccess i s th e a b so lu te l a w o f o ur
who le l ife .
257 w ord s
383

SA M PL E 3
Many e m plo yees m ay w ork a t h om e w it h t h e m odern t e ch nolo gy. S om e
people c la im t h at it c a n b enefit o nly t h e w ork ers, n ot t h e e m plo yers. I s it a
negativ e o r p osit iv e d evelo pm ent?
In th e m odern w orld , w ith th e h elp o f te chno lo gy a d vancem ent, th ere i s a n
in cre asin g n um ber o f e m plo yees w ho a re a llo w ed to w ork f r o m h o m e. W hile th ere
are s e v era l d ra w backs to o rg aniz a ti o ns w hic h o ffe r r e m ote j o bs, I w ould a rg ue
th at th is p re v ale nt m ovem ent u su ally o ffe rs m ore a d vanta ges.
On th e o ne h and , w ork in g f r o m h o m e i s u nattr a cti v e to s o m e b usin ess b odie s a nd
in d iv id uals f o r s e v era l r e aso ns. O ne o f th e p rim ary c o ncern s i s th at th is tr e nd m ay
cause s o m e d iffic ulti e s i n e v alu ati n g e m plo yee’s p ro ducti v ity . I n s o m e p arti c ula r
ty p es o f b usin ess, i t i s r e m ark ab ly c halle ngin g f o r m anagers to m easu re th eir
mem bers ’ p erfo rm ance i f th ey a re n o t a b le to d ir e ctl y s u p erv is e s ta ff ’s a cti v iti e s.
Furth erm ore , r e m ote w ork ers g enera lly d o n o t e ngage i n m any f a ce-to -fa ce
in te ra cti o ns a nd g ro up a cti v iti e s, l e ad in g to th e l a ck o f te am w ork s p ir it, a nd
re d ucin g th e s e nse o f c o nnecti o n w ith th eir c o lle agues a nd c o m panie s.
On th e o th er h and , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy w ork in g a t h o m e i s
extr e m ely p erv asiv e n o w ad ays. F ir s tl y , i t c o uld h elp e m plo yees to s a v e a g re at
deal o f ti m e a nd e xp ense s i n v olv in g c o m muti n g to w ork . W ith f le xib le w ork in g
ho urs , th ey w ould o bta in b ette r w ork /life b ala nce a nd f e el m ore f u lfille d
pro fe ssio nally . S eco nd ly , w ork in g f r o m h o m e g enera te s a s u ita b le e nv ir o nm ent f o r
bette r c o ncentr a ti o n, r e su lti n g i n h ig her l e v els o f o utc o m e a nd s e rv ic e. F in ally ,
org aniz a ti o ns w ho o ffe r r e m ote j o bs a ls o h av e m in im al o ffic e a re as a nd d ecre ase
opera ti o n c o sts , w hic h i n tu rn b enefit th e b usin esse s th em se lv es.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s e v id ent th at w ork in g f r o m h o m e i s a p ositi v e d ev elo pm ent
fo r b oth e m plo yers a nd e m plo yees w ho a d opt th is i n no vati v e c hange.
255 w ord s
384

SA M PL E 4
The c o nsu m ptio n o f t h e w orld ’s r e so urc e s ( o il, a nd w ate r, e tc .) is in cre asin g a t
a d angero us r a te . W hat a re t h e c a use s a nd s o lu tio ns?
It i s tr u e th at n atu ra l r e so urc es d ep le ti o n i s s e v ere ly d etr im enta l to th e s o cio -
eco no m ic d ev elo pm ent o f a n ati o n d ue to u nco ntr o lle d o verc o nsu m pti o n
pro porti o n o f n o n-re new ab le s o urc es o f e nerg y. T here a re a n um ber o f
ju sti fic ati o ns b ehin d th is p oin t o f v ie w a nd s e v era l s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e p ro pose d
acco rd in gly to a lle v ia te th e h arm fu l e ffe cts o f th is p heno m eno n.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re tw o p rim ary r e aso ns w hy th ese r e so urc es a re b ein g
uti liz e d e xcessiv ely . T he f ir s t o ne i s th at th e w orld r e so urc es a re g re atl y
benefic ia l to th e s o cio -e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent o f a c o untr y . F or e xam ple , p olic ie s
re la te d to th e i n v enti o ns o f e le ctr ic c ars a nd u nm anned a ir p la nes u sin g
env ir o nm enta lly -fr ie nd ly e nerg y a re a d opte d , th o ugh, th ere i s n o s o und s u b sti tu te
fo r g aso lin e a nd d ie se l a s a m ajo r s u p ply o f f u els f o r m odes o f tr a nsp orta ti o n. I n
ad diti o n, o il a nd c o al a re s ti ll i r re p la ceab le m ate ria ls i n o rd er to f u lfill th e
re q uir e m ents o f c o m plic ate d p ro ced ure s i n f a cto rie s. A no th er r e aso n i s th at
se ekin g f o r r e p la ceab le s u b sta nces r e q uir e s m ore e xp ense s f r o m n ati o nal a nd
lo cal a uth o riti e s. A lte rn ati v e s o urc es o f e nerg y s u ch a s s o la r a nd w in d p ow er a re
str o ngly ta ken i n to c o nsid era ti o n a s th e p ote nti a l r e p la cem ent f o r f o ssil f u els ,
ho w ev er, d ue to th eir p ro per c hara cte ris ti c s, i t i s g iv in g m ore f u nd s th at s e rv e f o r
pro ducin g u se fu l e q uip m ent to c o nv ert s o la r a nd w in d p ow er i n to e nerg y.
On th e o th er h and , m easu re s s h o uld b e ta ken b y n o t o nly g o vern m ents a nd b ut a ls o
in te rn ati o nal b odie s to d ecele ra te c o nsu m pti o n o f th e w orld ’s r e so urc es. F ir s tl y ,
re str ic ti o ns s h o uld b e i n tr o duced a t a l a rg er s c ale s o a s n o t to w aste r e so urc es.
For i n sta nce, c iti z e ns w ill n o t b e a llo w ed to l e av e w ate r r u nnin g i n th eir o w n
ho use s i f th ey g o o uts id e. B esid es, p eo ple ’s a w are ness o f u ti liz in g e le ctr ic ity
effe cti v ely s h o uld b e r a is e d , e sp ecia lly d urin g r u sh h o urs . S eco nd ly , m ulti n ati o nal
co rp ora ti o ns s h o uld c o opera te w ith e ach o th er f o r th e p urp ose o f m iti g ati n g
natu ra l r e so urc es d ep le ti o n. I t i s i m pera ti v e th at th ey s e t u p i n te rn ati o nal b odie s
and f u nd ra is e f o r th ese o rg aniz a ti o ns to p rio riti z e e xp end itu re o n s o m e c erta in
pro je cts r e la te d to a lte rn ati v e e nerg y s o urc es. T his c o ntr ib ute s a r e d ucti o n i n th e
ra te o f c o nsu m pti o n o f n o n-re new ab le r e so urc es.
In c o nclu sio n, i t i s c le ar th at th ere a re v ario us j u sti fic ati o ns f o r p eo ple ’s i n cre ase d
pro porti o n o f u sin g th e w orld ’s r e so urc es a nd s te p s s h o uld b e ta ken to ta ckle th is
385

pro ble m .
330 w ord s
386

SA M PL E 5
Som e p eople t h in k t h at t h e n ew s m edia n ow adays h ave in flu ence d p eople ’s
liv es in n egativ e w ays. O th ers d is a gre e a nd s a y t h at it is a ls o p osit iv e. D is c u ss
both v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
It i s tr u e th at o ur l iv es h av e c hanged s ig nific antl y d ue to th e p opula rity o f n ew s
med ia . W hile n ew b ro ad caste rs o ffe r s o m e b enefits to th eir a ud ie nce o r r e ad ers , I
would a rg ue th at n ew s c o vera ge g enera lly c re ate s a d vers e c o nse q uences i n
vario us w ays.
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at n ew s m ed ia b rin g a b out a n um ber o f
ad vanta ges to th eir a ud ie nce. F ir s tl y , th ey p ro vid e u s w ith v alu ab le i n fo rm ati o n
and e nte rta in m ent w hic h c an b e r e m ark ab ly h elp fu l i n o ur l iv es. F or e xam ple , b y
fo llo w in g b re akin g n ew s o n te le v is io n o r o n th e i n te rn et, p eo ple c an s ta y
in fo rm ed / p eo ple c an u p date a b out s o cia l o r e co no m ic p olic ie s th at m ay d ir e ctl y
in flu ence th eir d aily w ork s a nd l iv es. S eco nd ly , w ith u p – to – th e – m in ute n ew s
ab out th e c urre nt a ffa ir s n ati o nw id e a s w ell a s w hat i s h ap penin g a ro und th e
world , n ew s m ed ia i s a g re at m eans to e nla rg e o ur k no w le d ge, k eep in g u s
up dati n g a b out g lo bal i s su es a nd p re p arin g u s f o r c o pin g b ette r w ith p ote nti a l
th re ats o r c halle nges.
On th e o th er h and , th ere i s a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy I b elie v e th at n ew s m ed ia i s
pro ducin g m ore d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n p eo ple ’s l iv es/ w hy n ew s m ed ia i s
dis a d vanta geo us to s o m e e xte nt. O ne o f th e p rim ary c o ncern s i s th at th e m ajo rity
of n ew s b ein g b ro ad caste d n o w ad ays i s n egati v e, e xacerb ate d b y s e nsa ti o nal
jo urn alis m , r e su lti n g i n s e rio us s tr e ss a nd a nxie ty o n r e ad ers ’ m enta l c o nd iti o n.
The a b und ance o f n ew s b ein g p re se nte d c an a ls o c ause i n fo rm ati o n o verlo ad a nd
make th e a ud ie nce f e el o verw helm ed . I n a d diti o n, w hile p eo ple r e so rt to n ew s
med ia i n h o pe o f r e ceiv in g a ccura te a nd u p – to – d ate i n fo rm ati o n, th ere i s a l o t
of m is le ad in g tr u th s o r b ia se d o pin io ns f r o m j o urn alis ts a nd r e p orte rs . I t i s
challe ngin g f o r th em to r e m ain i m parti a l a s th ey a re o blig ate d to a d here to th e
ed ito ria l p olic y o r p erh ap s th e p oliti c al v ie w o f a m ed ia ty co on w ho o w ns th eir
new s c hannel.
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I u nd ers ta nd th at th ere a re s o m e a d vanta ges c re ate d b y th e
new s m ed ia , i t u su ally d oes m ore h arm th an g o od.
322 w ord s
387

SA M PL E 6
Fossil f u els ( c o al, o il, n atu ra l g as) a re t h e m ain s o urc e s in m any c o untr ie s, b ut
in s o m e c o untr ie s, t h e u se o f a lt e rn ativ e s o urc e s o f e nerg y ( w in d e nerg y a nd
so la r e nerg y) a re e nco ura ged. T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou t h in k it is a p osit iv e o r
negativ e d evelo pm ent?
Alth o ugh m any p arts o f th e w orld s ti ll c o nsid er f o ssil f u els to b e th eir p rim ary
so urc e o f e nerg y, th ere i s a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f c o untr ie s r e so rti n g to
alte rn ati v e s o urc es to s e rv e th eir e nerg y d em and s. W hile u sin g s o la r o r w in d
energ y c o uld c re ate s o m e d ra w backs, I w ould a rg ue th at th is i s g enera lly m ore
benefic ia l i n v ario us w ays.
On th e o ne h and , r e centl y - d is c o vere d s o urc es o f e nerg y s e em to b e u nap pealin g
to s o m e p eo ple f o r a n um ber o f r e aso ns. O ne e xp la nati o n i s th at i t i s r e m ark ab ly
exp ensiv e a nd ti m e-c o nsu m in g to u ti liz e th ese ty p es o f e nerg y. W in d o r s o la r
energ y ta kes u se rs a g re at a m ount o f ti m e, k no w le d ge a nd v ario us e q uip m ent to
use . F urth erm ore , a lte rn ati v e s o urc es o f e nerg y a re u nsta b le a s th ey m ain ly d ep end
on w eath er c o nd iti o ns, w hic h m ake th em i n accessib le i n a n um ber o f r e gio ns
durin g s e v era l m onth s o f th e y ear. T here fo re , n ew s o urc es o f e nerg y a re c urre ntl y
no t a v ia b le s o lu ti o n f o r th e m ajo rity o f w orld p opula ti o n a nd u nlik ely to r e p la ce
fo ssil f u els i n th e n ear f u tu re .
On th e o th er h and , a lte rn ati v e e nerg y s o urc es o ffe r a v arie ty o f b enefits . F ir s tl y ,
while th e b urn in g o f f o ssil f u els g enera te s g re enho use g ase s a nd e m is sio ns w hic h
cause n um ero us d etr im enta l e ffe cts o n th e e nv ir o nm ent s u ch a s a cid r a in , a ir
pollu ti o n, w ate r c o nta m in ati o n, o r g lo bal w arm in g, g re en ty p es o f e nerg y f r o m th e
natu re c o uld m iti g ate th ese e xacerb ate d c o nse q uences. S eco nd ly , f o ssil f u els a re
no t u nlim ite d a nd w ith th e o vere xp lo ita ti o n a nd w orry in g w aste o f o il o r g as,
th ese s o urc es o f e nerg y w ill s o on b e u se d u p . A s a c o nse q uence, th ere i s a n u rg ent
need f o r th e r e se arc h a nd d ev elo pm ent o f e nv ir o nm enta lly f r ie nd ly a nd l o ng-
la sti n g s o urc es l ik e w in d o r s o la r e nerg y.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s e v id ent th at th e b enefits o f r e ly in g o n a lte rn ati v e e nerg y
so urc es o utw eig h i ts d ra w backs, a nd th is i s n o t o nly a p ositi v e b ut a ls o a n
in ev ita b le d ev elo pm ent.
300 w ord s
388

SA M PL E 7
Many p eople b elie ve t h at in te rn atio nal t o uris m is a b ad t h in g f o r t h eir
co untr y . W hat a re t h e r e aso ns? S olu tio ns t o c h ange n egativ e a ttit u des?
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o w n o pin io n.
Many l o cal r e sid ents b elie v e w orld w id e tr a v ellin g a d vers e ly a ffe cts th eir c o untr y .
Alth o ugh th e r e aso ns f o r th is a tti tu d e a re v arie d , s e v era l s o lu ti o ns c an b e a d opte d
to h and le th is p ro ble m .
It i s to ta lly c o m pre hensib le w hy m any p eo ple h ab our u nw elc o m in g a tti tu d es
to w ard s i n te rn ati o nal to uris ts . T he f ir s t r e aso n i s th e c o ntr ib uti o n o f tr a v elle rs to
th e c o untr y ’s e nv ir o nm enta l d egra d ati o n d ue to th eir i r re sp onsib ility . A l o t o f
to uris ts th ro w r u b bis h i n to th e s u rro und in gs w ith o ut a s e co nd th o ught w hic h
co ntr ib ute s g re atl y to th e a ir, m arin e a nd s o il c o nta m in ati o n. M any p la ces o f
in te re st a re l e ft i n th e s e rio usly p ollu te d s ta tu s. F or e xam ple , b eaches i n V ung T au
City f a m ous f o r th eir s tu nnin g b eauty a re n o w c o m para b le to g arb age d um p
desp ite a ll th e a tte m pts i n r e d ucin g w aste b y th e l o cal c o m munity . F urth erm ore ,
in te rn ati o nal to uris m i n cre ase s th e o dds o f s p re ad in g i n fe cti o us d is e ase s. O nly
one i n fe cte d i n d iv id ual c an b e a g re at th re at to th e w ho le c o m munity . F or e xam ple ,
in 2 003, v ir u s H 5N 1 s p re ad to V ie t N am c ause d a m ulti tu d e o f f a ta liti e s.
Fortu nate ly , a c o urs e o f a cti o ns c an b e ta ken to ta ckle th e p ro ble m . T he
go vern m ent s h o uld e nfo rc e s tr ic t r e gula ti o ns a s w ell a s h eav y p unis h m ent o n
guilty c ase s i n o rd er to r a is e th e a w are ness o f i n te rn ati o nal to uris ts . T ra v elle rs
sh o uld b e e nco ura ged to p ut w aste i n to th e r ig ht p la ce o r to u se p ub lic tr a nsp ort i f
possib le to r e d uce th e p ollu ti o n. A no th er r e m ed y i s th at th ere s h o uld b e m ed ic al
checks a t a ir p orts a nd b ord ers . T his w ill h alt i n fe cti o us d is e ase s f r o m s p re ad in g
to th e l o cal r e sid ents .
In c o nclu sio n, o nly b y a d dre ssin g th e l o cal r e sid ents ’ c o ncern s w ill th is n egati v e
atti tu d e b e c hanged .
254 w ord s
389

SA M PL E 8
People s h ould f o llo w t h e c u sto m s a nd t r a dit io ns w hen p eople s ta rt t o liv e in a
new c o untr y . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Peo ple ’s o pin io n d iffe rin g a s to w heth er o r n o t th e a d ap ta ti o n f o r l o cal c usto m s
and tr a d iti o ns i s a c ru cia l e le m ent f o r p eo ple w ho a rriv e to l iv e i n a n ew c o untr y .
I c o m ple te ly a gre e th at b le nd in g i n to th e l o cal c o m munity i s to ta lly n ecessa ry .
New co m ers w ill f a ce a p le nty o f d iffic ulti e s i f th ey tr y to p re se rv e n ati o nal
id enti ty w hen y o u c o m e to r e sid e a b ro ad . F or e xam ple , th e to p p rio riti e s f o r a n
entr e p re neur w ho s ta rts u p a b usin ess a re th e h o st c o untr y ’s l a w a nd th e n eed o f
re gio nal i n hab ita nts . I t i s v ery e asy f o r a n ew b usin ess to b e c lo se to th e th re at o f
bankru p tc y i f th ey n egle ct th is a fo re m enti o ned f a cto rs . B esid es, i f r e cent m ig ra te s
do n o t r e sp ect l o cal c usto m s, th ey w ill h av e s o m e s e rio us p ro ble m s th at th ey h av e
nev er th o ught b efo re . I n I n d ia , f o r i n sta nce, c o w s a re h o no re d a s a p art o f H in d u i n
parti c ula r a nd I n d ia n i n g enera l s o th e a b so lu te p ro hib iti o n o f k illin g c o w s o r
eati n g b eef s e em s to b e a n I n d ia n c o m mon l a w .
There a re m any b enefits f o r i m mig ra te s w ho a re l ik ely to a d opt l o cal c usto m s a nd
tr a d iti o ns. F ir s tl y , s o cia l r e la ti o nsh ip s w ill b e s tr e ngth ened th anks to c o ntr o llin g
sta nd ard s o f b ehav io r a nd a tti tu d e r e aso nab ly . A s a r e su lt, th e b ette r th e
re la ti o nsh ip i s , th e m ore e njo yab le l ife th ey c an h av e. S eco nd ly , n ew c iti z e ns
getti n g o n w ell w ith th eir n eig hb ors v ia f r ie nd ly a tti tu d es w ill r e ceiv e th e m ore
enth usia sti c h elp th an th o se w ho k eep i s o la te d f r o m p eo ple a ro und . F or e xam ple ,
neig hb ors w ill p ro vid e a ccura te a nd r e le v ant i n fo rm ati o n w hen n ew r e sid ents
need to k no w a b out th eir n ew l iv in g a re a s u ch a s th e p ositi o n o f a h o sp ita l o r
cheap a cco m modati o n.
In c o nclu sio n, I w ould a rg ue th at i t i s s tr ic tl y e sse nti a l f o r n ew i n hab ita nts to
tr a nsfo rm i n to th e h o st c o m munity ’s c usto m s i n o rd er to e njo y f u lly th eir l ife .
291 w ord s
390

SA M PL E 9
Som e p eople t h in k t h at t h e b est w ay t o r e duce c rim e is t o g iv e lo nger p ris o n
se nte nce s. O th ers, h ow ever, b elie ve t h ere a re b ette r a lt e rn ativ e w ays o f
re ducin g c rim e.
Dis c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
Arg um ents o ver h o w b est to s to p th e i n cre ase o f c rim e r a te h av e b een g o in g o n,
esp ecia lly i n th e r e cent d ecad es. S om e i n sis t g iv in g p ris o ners l o nger p ris o n
se nte nces w ould b e th e b est w ay. A lth o ugh th ere i s s o m e tr u th to th at s ta te m ent, I
sti ll th in k th at th ere a re b ette r a lte rn ati v es to ta ckle th is m atte r.
There a re m any b enefits o f s e nte ncin g o ffe nd ers l o nger p ris o n p erio d. F ir s tl y ,
sp end in g a l o ng ti m e i n j a il p ro vid es a n o pportu nity to g et th em m ore r e hab ilita te d
th ro ugh m any s e rv ic es a v aila b le i n sid e. F or i n sta nce, th ey c o uld h av e m ore ti m e
to r e fle ct th eir o w n b ehav io ur a nd r e -e d ucate d th em se lv es th e w ay n o t to r e -
offe nd o nce th ey a re r e le ase d . N ot m enti o nin g, h av in g a l e ngth y p erio d i n p ris o n
als o m eans h av in g m ore c are fu l v ocati o nal tr a in in g, w hic h w ould w ork a s a b ette r
pre p ara ti o n f o r a p ositi v e b ack to s o cie ty w ith l e sse r c hanges to r e -o ffe nd . I n
ad diti o n to th is , w ith a l o nger p erio d o f th e p ris o n s e nte nce, i t w ould b e a m ore
effe cti v e d ete rre nt f o r s o m eo ne w ho i s th in kin g o f c o m mit a c rim e. I n f a ct, th e
lo nger th e c rim in als w ho c o m mitte d m ore s e rio us d am age to o th ers s u ch a s
murd ers o r a ssa ults a re s e p ara te d f r o m s o cie ty , th e s tr ic te r th e p unis h m ent s h o w s.
On th e o th er h and , s o m e p eo ple a rg ue th at i t i s n o t s im ple s o b ecause l e av in g
peo ple i n p ris o n f o r a l o ng ti m e a ls o l e ad s to s o m e n egati v e i n flu ence w hile th ere
are s o m e a lte rn ati v e m eth o ds to l o w th e r is in g l e v els o f c rim e. I n s o m eho w , th e
pris o n s y ste m c an m ake th e s itu ati o n w ors e w hen g iv in g o ffe nd ers c hanges to m ix
with o th er c rim in als a nd g ang u p a p ote nti a l g ro up f o r f u tu re c rim in als w hen th ey
are r e le ase d th en. W hile o ne o th er w ay to d efo rm o ffe nd ers i s c o m munity
se rv ic es, o f c o urs e u nd er h eav y s u p erv is io ns i n o rd er to k eep s a fe f o r i n no cent
civ ilia ns, w hic h w ould h elp th eir c hara cte r ( to b e) i m pro ved w hen i t i s n o t o nly a
way f o r th em to p ay th e p ric e f o r th eir s in s, b ut a ls o m akes th em f e el s ti ll
co ntr ib uti n g/ h elp fu l to th eir l o cal c o m muniti e s. I f s o , w hen b ein g r e le ase d th ey
sti ll k eep a s e nse o f b elo ngin g to th eir c o m muniti e s a nd f e el m uch e asie r to
re in te gra te b ack i n to s o cie ty . O n to p o f th at, th e g o vern m ent c o uld f o cus i ts
re so urc es o n th e c ause s o f c rim e, w hic h w ould l e ad to l e ss c rim e i n th e f u tu re i n
so cie ty d egre es. F or e xam ple , m ain ta in in g th e q uanti ty o f p olic e o n th e s tr e et i s
391

re ally n ecessa ry b ecause i f th ere a re l e ss p olic e, i t i s m ore l ik ely f o r p eo ple to
co m mit c rim es b ecause o f g re ed .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re c le ar g ro und s b oth f o r a nd a gain st l o ng i m pris o nm ent i n
in d iv id ual l e v els a s w ell a s s o cie ty o ne, h o w ev er, I l a y m y th o ughts a lo ngsid e th e
alte rn ati v e w ays.
330 w ord s
392

SA M PL E 1 0
In s o m e c o untr ie s, t h e r a te o f c rim e c o m mit te d b y t e enagers is in cre asin g.
What a re t h e r e aso ns a nd w hat c a n b e d one t o r e lie ve t h e p ro ble m ?
There a re a g ro w in g n um ber o f te enagers c o m mitti n g o ffe nces i n s o m e n ati o ns.
There a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns b ehin d th is s c o rc hin g i s su e a nd s e v era l s o lu ti o ns
sh o uld b e p ro pose d to r e d uce th is r a te .
To b egin w ith , th ere a re s o m e f a cto rs c o ntr ib uti n g to th is i n cre asin g n um ber. T w o
prim ary r e aso ns a re th at m any te enagers d o n o t r e ceiv e e no ugh a tte nti o n f r o m th eir
pare nts a s w ell a s i n su ffic ie nt a w are ness o f s e v ere c o nse q uences o f c o m mitti n g a
crim e. F or i n sta nce, s o m e p are nts a re to o o ccup ie d w ith th eir w ork s a nd d o n o t
pay e no ugh a tte nti o n to th eir c hild re n, w hic h m ig ht l e av e th eir c hild re n to e xp ose
to th e d ow nsid es o f s o cie ty . C onse q uentl y , th ey a re m ore l ik ely to d o p ro hib ite d
behav io rs w ith o ut p erc eiv in g th eir c o nse q uences. E ven th o ugh th ey m ig ht c o m mit
sm all c rim es a t f ir s t s u ch a s s h o plifti n g, th ese v io la ti o ns te nd to b e m ore s e rio us
gra d ually h ence, m urd ers a nd m ansla ughte rs a re i n ev ita b le . S o g o od, y o ur
exp re ssio n i s s o g o od, l o gic a nd v ery c o here nt
In s p ite o f th e a fo re m enti o ned c ause s, th ere a re s e v era l a p pro aches to a lle v ia te
th is p ro ble m . F ir s t a nd f o re m ost, p are nts a nd s c ho ols s h o uld c o -o pera te a nd p ut
effo rts o n e d ucati n g c hild re n p ro perly . A lth o ugh s o m e p are nts m ig ht b e b usy w ith
th eir j o b, th ey s h o uld a tte m pt to a sso cia te w ith s c ho ols to g uid e th eir c hild re n to
be g o od m em bers o f s o cie ty . S eco nd ly , v ario us s o cia l m ed ia s h o uld p la y a p art i n
ra is in g y o ung p eo ple ’s a w are ness o f n egati v e o utc o m es f o r c o m mitti n g a c rim e.
For e xam ple , p ro gra m s a b out c rim in als a nd l e gis la ti o n s h o uld b e i n tr o duced to
yo ung p eo ple i n s o cie ty i n o rd er to e d ucate y o ung p eo ple a b out p ro hib ite d a cti o ns
and s e v ere c o nse q uences o f c rim es s u ch a s m urd ers .
To c o nclu d e, th ese m easu re s s h o uld b e p ut i n to th o ro ugh c o nsid era ti o ns b y v ario us
parts o f s o cie ty i n o rd er to d ecre ase th e n um ber o f y o ung p eo ple c o m mitti n g
ille gal a cti o ns.
286 w ord s
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SA M PL E 1 1
It is in evit a ble t h at t r a dit io nal c u lt u re s w ill b e lo st a s t e ch nolo gy d evelo ps.
Tech nolo gy a nd t r a dit io nal c u lt u re s a re in co m patib le . T o w hat e xte nt d o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is v ie w ?
Peo ple h av e d iffe re nt v ie w s a b out w hat th e m ain f a cto r f o r th e l o ss o f i n herite d
cultu re s i s . W hile s o m e b elie v e th at th e d ev elo pm ent o f te chno lo gy i s th e p rim ary
re aso n c ausin g th e d is a p peara nce o f tr a d iti o nal c ultu re s, I s tr o ngly a rg ue a gain st
th e o pin io n a b ove/ th e a fo re m enti o ned o pin io n.
Techno lo gy c an h elp to p re se rv e tr a d iti o nal c ultu re s r a th er th an d estr o y th em . I n
fa ct, w ith th e r e v olu ti o n o f te chno lo gy, p eo ple c an s a v e u nco unta b le h is to ric al
patte rn s w hic h c an b e th e m ain s o urc es to r e co ver o r r e co nstr u ct o ur h is to ric al
valu es. F or e xam ple , i n C hin a, d urin g th e S eco nd W orld W ar, a l a rg e n um ber o f
his to ric al s ite s w ere r u in ed i n clu d in g c astl e s a nd p ris ti n e o utf its . T hanks to th e
in v enti o n o f c am era s, n um ero us p ic tu re s w ere ta ken d urin g th at ti m e h av e b een
co ntr ib uti n g to th e r e co nstr u cti o n o f s e v era l o ld c astl e s a nd r e co very o f
pre v io usly e m pir ic al o utf its .
Not o nly d oes te chno lo gy s a v e th e w orld a ncestr a l c ultu re s, b ut i t c an a ls o
pro m ote th em to th eir f u tu re g enera ti o ns. T he d ev elo pm ent o f te chno lo gy
enco ura ges p eo ple to d is c o ver h um an h is to ry , i n clu d in g tr a d iti o nal w ays o f l ife i n
fa r m ore a ttr a cti v e w ays. W ith th e a p peara nce o f v ir tu al r e ality g o ggle s, p eo ple
can e njo y a m use um to ur a t th eir h o use s i n ste ad o f q ueuin g f o r h o urs to g et i n sid e
th e m use um s. A s a r e su lt, a ll i n herite d v alu es a re p re se rv ed i n th e b est c o nd iti o n
with o ut a ny d ep re cia ti o n f o r n ext g enera ti o ns.
Lastl y , i t i s a rg uab le th at c hanges i n s o cie ty l e ad to th e d is a p peara nce o f
tr a d iti o nal c ultu ra l v alu es, i n ste ad o f te chno lo gy. O bvio usly , a l a rg e n um ber o f
tr a d iti o nal w ays o f l ife a re n o t s u ita b le f o r th e m odern l ife sty le a nd m ust b e
elim in ate d . A c le ar e xam ple i s th e s a crific e o f a liv e h um an to g o ds th at i s n o
lo nger e xis te nce i n o ur c urre nt g enera ti o n.
In c o nclu sio n, te chno lo gy d oes n o t c ause th e l o ss o f a ny tr a d iti o nal c ultu re s;
in ste ad , i t h elp s to s a v e a nd p ro m ote h um an h is to ry f o r f u tu re g enera ti o ns.
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394

SA M PL E 1 2
In m any c o untr ie s, a vera ge lif e e xpecta ncy h as b een in cre asin g. W hat
pro ble m s w ill t h is c a use f o r in div id uals a nd f o r s o cie ty a s a w hole ? S uggest
so m e s o lu tio n.
It i s tr u e th at th e q uality o f l ife h as b een i m pro ved i n th e E ra o f E le ctr ic ity , w hic h
re su lts i n th e i n cre ase o f l ife e xp ecta ncy. H ow ev er, th ere a re v ario us p ro ble m s
behin d th is tr e nd a nd s h o uld b e a d dre sse d b y g o vern m ents i n s o m e p ra cti c al w ays.
The i n cre ase i n a v era ge l ife e xp ecta ncy c ause s e no rm ous i s su es n o t o nly f o r
in d iv id uals b ut a ls o f o r th e s o cie ty . F ro m a n i n d iv id ual p ers p ecti v e, y o ung p eo ple
are o verb urd ened w ith w ork to e arn n o t o nly th eir o w n l iv in g b ut a ls o th eir
gra nd pare nts a nd p are nts ’. I n a d diti o n, y o ungste rs m ust p ay m uch h ig her ta xes
whic h w ill b e u ti liz e d to s u b sid iz e f o r m ore d ep end ent p eo ple . O n a s o cie ta l
le v el, m ed ic al c are f o r th e e ld erly c an b eco m e e xhauste d s in ce th e i n cre asin g
num ber o f o ld c iti z e ns w ho h av e p le nty o f c hro nic d is e ase s m ay o verlo ad th e
lim ite d r e so urc e.
The g o vern m ent s h o uld ta ke s o m e m easu re s to ta ckle th is i s su e e ffe cti v ely . O ne
pra cti c al m easu re i s th at g o vern m ents s h o uld i m pose l a w s w hic h r a is e th e
re ti r e m ent a ge. T o b e s p ecific , th e a v era ge r e ti r e m ent a ge i n m any n ati o ns i s
ro ughly 6 0-y ear o ld . T here fo re , p olic y m akers s h o uld e nhance th e r e ti r e m ent a ge
to 6 5 f o r b oth m en a nd w om en. A no th er e sse nti a l m easu re i s to e nco ura ge th e
eld erly to l e ad h ealth y l ife sty le s. T his c an d im in is h a l a rg e n um ber o f o ld c iti z e ns
hav in g s e v ere d is e ase s a nd h av in g to g o to th e h o sp ita l r e gula rly . A s a r e su lt, a
part o f n ati o nal b ud get’ s s p end in g f o r m ed ic al c are m ig ht l e sse n a nd b e u ti liz e d
fo r e co no m ic g ro w th p urp ose s.
In c o nclu sio n, th e g ro w th o f m ean l ife e xp ecta ncy i s a m assiv e p ro ble m f o r
num ero us c o untr ie s a nd s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e i m ple m ente d u rg entl y to ta ckle th is
is su e.
263 w ord s
395

SA M PL E 1 3
Scie ntis ts p re dic t t h at in t h e f u tu re c a rs w ill b e d riv en b y c o m pute rs.
What a re t h e r e aso ns b ehin d t h is ?
Is it a p osit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
In th e s h o rtc o m in g y ears , e xp erts b elie v e th at v ehic le s w ill b e d riv en
auto no m ously b y c o m pute rs . T he c hie f r e aso n f o r th e a b ove th eo ry i s th e
dev elo pm ent o f a rti fic ia l i n te llig ence i n c o m pute rs w hic h s p ecia liz e s i n s e lf- d riv e
cars . T his s h o uld b e s e en a s a p ositi v e d ev elo pm ent b ecause i t w ill p re v ent
accid ents a nd s a v e l iv es.
In th e p ast f e w y ears , th e s c ie nti s ts h av e c o nd ucte d a n um ber o f r e se arc hes i n
whic h c ars a re d riv en b y c o m pute rs s y ste m . T here i s a s tr o ng e v id ence to s u p port
th e i d ea th at c o m pute r-d riv in g c ars c an b e s u ccessfu l. D ue to s e lf- d riv in g
co m pute rs , th e m ore th ey d riv e, th e b ette r th ey b eco m e a nd th is w ill b e q uite
no rm al f o r c ars to b e d riv en b y c o m pute rs . F or e xam ple , A pple , T oyo ta , a nd A ud i
anno uncin g th at a ll o f i ts v ehic le s w ill b e s e lf- d riv in g w ith in f iv e y ears . I n o th er
word s, a uto m obile m anufa ctu rin g i n d ustr y w ould r is e to a n ew l e v el o f
auto m ati o n.
Desp ite s o m e i n iti a l s a fe ty c o ncern s, th e r e v olu ti o nary i n no vati o n o f c ar
manufa ctu rin g i n d ustr y w ould e v entu ally s a v e l iv es. I t i s c la im ed th at m ost o f th e
co llis io ns a re d ue to h um an e rro r a nd o nce c o m pute rs s y ste m g ets b ette r a nd
bette r, i t w ill c o m ple te ly e lim in ate th e h um an i n v olv em ent. I n o th er w ord s,
accid ents s u ch a s d rin k d riv in g, f a llin g a sle ep a t th e w heel a nd s p eed in g b eco m e a
th in g o f th e p ast. F or i n sta nce, e ngin eers f r o m S am su ng C orp ora ti o n h as j u st
anno unced th at i ts “ A uto P ilo t” s y ste m h as l o gged o ver te n m illio n m ile s w ith o nly
one a ccid ent. S im ila r d is ta nces w ith p eo ple d riv in g w ould h av e r e su lte d i n f a r
more r o ad tr a ffic a ccid ents .
In c o nclu sio n, th e e m erg ence o f c o m pute r-c o ntr o lle d tr a nsp orta ti o n w ill i n ev ita b ly
beco m e th e n ew s ta nd ard o f d riv in g a s c o m pute rs l e arn m ore a nd s h o uld b e
vie w ed p ositi v ely a s i t w ill i m pro ve s a fe ty s ta nd ard s.
276 w ord s
396

SA M PL E 1 4
Som e p eople t h in k it w ould b e a g ood id ea f o r s c h ools t o t e ach e very y oung
perso n h ow t o b e a g ood p are nt.
Do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n? D esc rib e t h e s k ills a p erso n n eeds
to b e a g ood p are nt.
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
Many p eo ple a rg ued th at y o ungste rs w ill g et th e b enefits i f th ey a re ta ught h o w to
beco m e a d esir e d f a th er o r m oth er a t s c ho ols . I a gre e w ith th is v ie w f o r v ario us
re aso ns a nd s u ggest s o m e c hara cte rs th at g o od p are nts s h o uld h av e.
To b egin w ith , th ere a re a v arie ty o f r e aso ns w hy I b elie v e y o ung p eo ple s h o uld
atte nd p are nti n g c la sse s a t s c ho ols . F ir s tl y , i t i s s c ie nti fic ally p ro ven th at p are nts
pla y a v ita lly i m porta nt p art i n s h ap in g th eir o ffs p rin g’ c hara cte rs l a te r. I n o th er
word s, g o od p are nts w ill u su ally b uild g o od c hild re n. A s a r e su lt, i t w ill b e
extr e m ely u se fu l w hen th ey e nte r i n to th e m arita l l ife . S eco nd ly , th ro ugh th ese
cla sse s, c hild re n b egin to u nd ers ta nd d eep ly h o w p are nts h av e s a crific ed f o r th em .
There fo re , th ey w ill d efin ite ly s tr e ngth en th eir p are nta l b ond a nd b eco m e m ore
re sp onsib le i n th e f a m ily .
In o rd er to b eco m e c o m pete nt p are nts , s o m e f o llo w in g c hara cte rs s h o uld b e
co nsid ere d to l e arn . L ove a nd a ffe cti o n m ay b e th e m ost i m porta nt q uality f o r th e
pare nts . L ovin g p are nts a lw ays c ho ose to r e sp ect, e nco ura ge a nd n urtu re th eir
child re n r a th er th an j u d ge a nd b la m e th em . T hey c o nsta ntl y s h o w th eir l o ve a nd
affe cti o n, b oth v erb ally a nd th ro ugh th eir b ehav io rs . F or e xam ple , w hen th eir
child re n m ake a n a chie v em ent th ey w ill q uic kly o ffe r a p ra is e . F urth erm ore , b ein g
a p ositi v e r o le m odel f o r a p pro pria te b ehav io r i s m ore e ffe cti v e th an b ein g
sp ecific d is c ip lin ary m easu re s i n r a is in g th eir c hild re n. C hild re n te nd to l e arn
th ro ugh o bse rv ati o n a nd o fte n i m ita te th e b ehav io rs o f th eir p are nts . T here fo re ,
id eal p are nts s h o uld d ev elo p s o m e tr a its s u ch a s k in d ness, c o m passio n, h o nesty ,
to le ra nce, p ati e nce.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at y o ungste rs s h o uld l e arn p are nti n g l e sso ns a t
sc ho ols . A nd s o m e v alu ab le c hara cte rs i n th e p are nts n eed to h av e.
276 w ord s
397

SA M PL E 1 5
Usin g a c o m pute r e very d ay c a n h ave m ore n egativ e t h an p osit iv e e ffe cts o n
young c h ild re n.
Do y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
Giv e r e aso ns f o r y our a nsw er a nd in clu de a ny r e le vant e xam ple s f r o m y our
ow n k now le dge o r e xperie nce .
It i s a n u nd enia b le f a ct th at n o w ad ays th ere a re a n um ber o f y o ungste rs w ho u se
co m pute rs o n a d aily b asis . A lth o ugh I a gre e th at th ere a re s o m e d ra w backs to th is
tr e nd , I b elie v e th at th ere a re f a r m ore b enefits .
To b egin w ith , th e m ain d ow nsid e o f th e tr e nd to w ard s c o m pute r u se i s th at th ere
are s o m e h ealth -re la te d p ro ble m s f o r y o ung p eo ple . O bvio usly , b ein g c o nsis te ntl y
glu ed to th e s c re en w ill c ause c o m pute r u se rs e yestr a in . I t i s s c ie nti fic ally p ro ven
th at i t w ill a ls o m ake th ese c hild re n b eco m e m ore d is tr a cte d i n th eir d aily w ork i f
th is s itu ati o n h ap pens c o nsta ntl y /p ers is ts o ver a l o ng-te rm p erio d. F urth erm ore , i t
is a w aste o f ( p re cio us) ti m e w hen s p end in g a g re at d eal o f th eir ti m e o nly ( o n)
pla yin g th e c o m pute r i n ste ad o f e ngagin g i n p hysic al a cti v iti e s. T his w ill s o on
re su lt i n th e s e d enta ry l ife sty le . T here fo re , m any p are nts u su ally a rg ue th at u sin g a
co m pute r h av e n egati v e e ffe cts o n th eir o ffs p rin g.
Desp ite th e a fo re m enti o ned n egati v es, I w ould a rg ue th at e xp erie ncin g th e
co m pute r i s a p ositi v e d ev elo pm ent f o r v ario us r e aso ns. F ir s tl y , c utti n g-e d ge
te chno lo gie s e nco ura ge c hild re n to u se th eir f r e e ti m e to b ro ad en th eir h o riz o ns
th ro ugh i n te ra cti v e s o ftw are . G ra d ually , th ey c o uld g et i n to th e h ab it o f s e lf-
le arn in g. M any c hild re n h av e s h o w n to m ake a p ositi v e p ro gre ss to w ard s
la nguage l e arn in g b y u ti liz in g I n te rn et r e so urc es s u ch a s Y ouT ub e i n th eir l e is u re
ti m e. S eco nd ly , th e I n te rn et g iv es c hild re n c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to c re ate a
netw ork o f v ir tu al f r ie nd s w ho h av e s o m eth in g i n c o m mon. T hro ugh s o cia l m ed ia
lik e F aceb ook, y o ungste rs n o w ad ays m ake f r ie nd s m ore e asily th an ( e v er) b efo re .
In c o nclu sio n, w hile I r e co gniz e th e p ossib le d is a d vanta ges o f u sin g th e c o m pute r,
I c o nsid er i t to b e a p ositi v e a sp ect o vera ll.
271 w ord s
398

SA M PL E 1 6
Som e p eople c la im t h at p ublic m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s w ill n ot b e n eeded
beca use p eople c a n s e e h is to ric a l o bje cts a nd w ork o f a rts b y u sin g a
co m pute r. D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is o pin io n?
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
In fo rm ati o n te chno lo gy h as d ra sti c ally c hanged th e w ay w e e njo y h is to ric al s ite s
and a rtw ork s. S om e i n d iv id uals , th us, b elie v e th at i t i s u nnecessa ry to k eep th em
in th e f u tu re a s th ey c an p ro bab ly b e s e en th ro ugh a ny h ig h-te ch d ev ic es.
Pers o nally , I s tr o ngly d is a gre e w ith th is s ta te m ent.
To b egin w ith , p ub lic m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s a re d oub tl e ssly b enefic ia l to o ur
so cie ty . T hey c an r e m in d u s o f w hat h ap pened i n th e p ast a s w ell a s th e
dev elo pm ent p ro gre ss o f a rt o ver ti m e. I s ti ll r e m em ber h o w e m oti o nal I w as
when I v is ite d th e M ilita ry W ar M use um o f V ie tn am f o r th e f ir s t ti m e a nd th ro ugh
th is v is it, w hat w as i m mense ly i n sti lle d i n m y m in d i s h o w b ra v e o ur p re v io us
genera ti o ns w ere . I n a d diti o n, th ese s ite s n o rm ally a ttr a ct a l a rg e n um ber o f
to uris ts g iv en th eir h is to ric al a nd a rt v alu es. A s s u ch, i f p eo ple l e t th em d is a p pear,
th ere w ould b e v ario us d ra m ati c i m pacts o n th e l o cal c o m munity , e sp ecia lly f o r
th e p ro fit o f th e to uris m i n d ustr y a nd th e p re se rv ati o n o f l o cal h is to ry a nd c ultu re .
It i s u nd enia b le th at p eo ple to day c an p ossib ly s e e th ese s ite s a nd o bta in r e la te d
in fo rm ati o n j u st w ith a c lic k o f m ouse . N um ero us p eo ple h av e c ho se n o nsc re en
vie w in g o f th ese p la ces g iv en th eir l im ite d b ud get f o r to uris m . H ow ev er, th e
su b se q uent f e elin gs g ain ed c o uld n o t u nsu rp ris in gly b e c o m pare d w ith th o se w hen
vis iti n g s u ch p la ces i n p ers o n. F or i n sta nce, i n d iv id uals w ould g et a s e nse o f
re ality a nd m ore i n sig hts o n th ese s ite s w hic h a re u nlik ely to b e a chie v ed w ith o ut
se ein g th em i n r e al l ife .
In c o nclu sio n, p ub lic m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s p erta in v ario us h is to ric al, c ultu ra l
and e co no m ic v alu es, a nd th ere fo re , s h o uld b e p re se rv ed f o r th e s u sta in ab le
dev elo pm ent a nd d iv ers ity o f o ur m odern s o cie ty .
276 w ord s
MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at th ere i s n o r o le f o r p ub lic m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s i n th e
21st c entu ry a s p eo ple c an s e e e xhib its a nd a rtw ork s o n th e I n te rn et. W hile i t i s
399

tr u e th at c o untl e ss p eo ple a re u sin g c o m pute rs to a ccess h is to ric al o bje cts a nd
work s o f a rt, I b elie v e th at th e a rti s ti c b odie s l ik e m use um s s ti ll p la y a n
in d is p ensa b le p art i n th e m odern w orld .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns f o r p eo ple to a sse rt th at th e r o le o f
muse um s a nd g alle rie s w ill g ra d ually b e e lim in ate d . F ir s tl y , w ith n um ero us
te chno lo gic al a d vancem ents , i n d iv id uals n o w ad ays a re a llo w ed to v is it a nd
exp lo re a rt s p aces w ith o ut s te p pin g o ut o f th eir h o use s. A g o od e xam ple o f th is i s
th e i n v enti o n o f g o ogle e arth o r v ir tu al r e ality g la sse s, w hic h e nab le p eo ple to
enjo y d iffe re nt s c enes a nd p re cio us h is to ric al o bje cts v iv id ly i n th re e d im ensio ns.
Seco nd ly , a n i n cre asin g n um ber o f g alle rie s a nd a rti s ts a re p osti n g th eir w ork s o n
onlin e p la tf o rm s s u ch a s F aceb ook, I n sta gra m w ith th e h o pe to r e ach a w id er
ra nge o f a ud ie nce, l e ad in g to th e d eclin e i n d em and o f v is iti n g m use um s o r
galle rie s f o r s e ein g a rtw ork s.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at a rti s ti c o rg aniz a ti o ns a re s ti ll b enefic ia l i n
vario us w ays. O ne e xp la nati o n i s th at th ey p ro vid e p eo ple w ith a esth eti c
exp erie nces th at a re v ir tu ally i m possib le to b e r e p la ced m ere ly b y s itti n g i n f r o nt
of th e s c re en. T he p ro m in ent a nd d eft d is p la ys o f o bje cts i n e xhib iti o ns
asso cia ti n g w ith th e c hances to i n te ra ct w ith a rti s ts i n p ers o n c re ate u niq ue
em oti o ns a nd l o ng-la sti n g f e elin gs f o r v is ito rs . I n a d diti o n, c ultu ra l s p aces l ik e
pub lic m use um s s ti ll ta ke th e l e ad i n e d ucati n g p eo ple a b out th e i m porta nce o f a rt,
as w ell a s p re se rv in g h is to ric al i te m s i n o rd er to h and o ver th ese h erita ges to
fu tu re g enera ti o ns.
In c o nclu sio n, i t s e em s to m e th at p ub lic m use um s a nd a rt g alle rie s s ti ll r e su lt i n a
wid e v arie ty o f b enefits f o r p eo ple a nd th ey w ill b y n o m eans b e te rm in ate d i n
co nte m pora ry s o cie ty .
317 w ord s
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SA M PL E 1 7
Overp opula tio n o f u rb an a re as h as le d t o n um ero us p ro ble m s. I d entif y o ne o r
tw o s e rio us o nes a nd s u ggest t h e w ay t h at g overn m ents a nd in div id uals c a n
ta ck le t h ese p ro ble m s.
It i s tr u e th at th e p ro ble m o f o verp opula ti o n i n s o m e m etr o polis e s h as b een g etti n g
wors e i n r e cent y ears . T here a re a v arie ty o f d etr im enta l tr o ub le s, b ut s te p s c an b e
ta ken to ta ckle th o se d iffic ulti e s.
In m y o pin io n, th ere a re tw o m ain p ro ble m s h as a ffe cte d h um an l ife i n u rb an a re as
because o f th e i n cre ase i n p opula ti o n d ensity . F ir s tl y , o verc ro w ded c o uld m ake
th e r a te o f u nem plo ym ent r a te i n cre ase s h arp ly . I n f a ct, m any g ra d uate s tu d ents
ev en g ra d uate d w ith e xcelle nt d egre es, c anno t b e e m plo yed b ecause o f th e h ig hly
co m peti ti v e a d vanta ges a nd th e s u ffic ie ncy i n q ualify in g a p plic ants . S eco nd ly ,
overp opula ti o n a ls o h as d ir e ctl y i n fe rio r e ffe cts o n th e s ta nd ard o f l iv in g i n s o m e
co nsid era b le a sp ects s u ch a s h ealth c are , e d ucati o n, a nd p ensio n s c hem es. F or
exam ple , i n s c ho ol, i t i s h ard f o r te achers to m onito r th e c la ss a nd g iv e m eti c ulo us
in str u cti o n to a ll p up ils i f th e n um ber o f s tu d ents i s o ver th e a ccep te d l e v el.
Feasib le s o lu ti o ns s h o uld b e p ro duced b y g o vern m ents a nd i n d iv id uals to ta ckle
th ese a fo re m enti o ned p ro ble m s s o th at th e s o cie ty w ould b e b ette r. T he f ir s t
measu re w ould b e to b uild u p a nd d ev elo p n ew i n d ustr ia l z o nes a nd c o m panie s i n
re m ote a re as. A s a r e su lt, j o b v acancie s w ill b e c re ate d i n th e c o untr y sid e, s o i t
can l im it th e i s su es o f e m ig ra ti o n to b ig c iti e s f o r p urs u in g j o bs. A dditi o nally ,
go vern m ents s h o uld c o ncentr a te o n e re cti n g i n fr a str u ctu re s u ch a s r o ad s o r
ra ilw ays f o r p ro vid in g c o nv enie nt tr a nsp orta ti o n a nd r e in fo rc in g th e tr a d e
betw een s o m e r e gio ns. M ore o ver, to e nhance th e q uality o f l ife i n r u ra l a re as, th e
go vern m ent s h o uld i n v est m oney i n a d vancin g h ealth c are a nd e d ucati o nal
se rv ic es b y c o nstr u cti n g s c ho ols , h o sp ita ls w ith a w ell- e d ucate d w ork fo rc e.
Teachers , d octo rs o r v olu nta ry i n d iv id uals c an a ls o s u p port th is i m pro vem ent b y
dev oti n g th eir e ffo rts i n s o m e u nd erp riv ile ged to w ns.
In c o nclu sio n, v ario us m easu re s c an b e ta ken to ta ckle th e p ro ble m s th at a re
certa in to a ris e a s th e o verp opula ti o n.
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SA M PL E 1 8
Many p eople a rg ue t h at in o rd er t o im pro ve e duca tio nal q ualit y c o ntin uously ,
stu dents a re e nco ura ged t o m ak e c o m ments o r e ven c rit ic is m o n t e ach ers.
Oth er t h in k t h e r e sp ect a nd d is c ip lin e in t h e c la ssro om w ill d is a ppear.
Whic h o pin io n d o y ou p re fe r?
In to day’s w orld , th e o bsc ure i n s c ho ols i s i m pro ved . T here fo re , s o m e p eo ple a re
th e a d vocate s o f th at f e ed backs a nd c riti c is m s o n te achers s h o uld b e g iv en b y
stu d ents , w here as th ere i s a s c ho ol o f th o ught th at th is a cti o n c o uld b re ad th e l a ck
of r e sp ect a nd r e gula ti o n i n e d ucati o n. F ro m m y p oin t o f v ie w , I a m
to ta lly /a b so lu te ly c o nv in ced ( b y w ho le a h eart) b y th e f o rm er g ro up b ecause o f
fo llo w in g r e aso ns.
In te rm s o f te achers , th ere w ould b e a p le nty o f b enefits f o r th em i f s tu d ents g iv e
fe ed backs. A p rim ary a d vanta ge c o uld b e th at te achers m ay r e co gniz e th e
sh o rtc o m in gs o f th eir l e ctu re s. C onse q uentl y , th ey w ould s e ek a s u ita b le w ay to
enhance th e q uality o f th eir p ed ago gic al s k ills . B ecause o f th is , th e q uality o f
curric ulu m a nd p erfo rm ance o f l e ctu re rs c o uld b e i m pro ved . I n a d diti o n, v ia th e
criti c is m s o f l e arn ers , te achers h av e th e a b ility to e xert a n a ttr a cti o n o f th eir
le ctu re s. A nd th e i n te ra cti o n b etw een l e ctu re rs a nd l e arn ers c o uld f a cilita te th e
excite m ent. I n o th er w ord s, s tu d ents m ay p ay m ore a tte nti o n to l e sso ns i f th ey h av e
a c hance to p re se nt th eir i n d iv id ual o pin io ns. A s a r e su lt, th e q uality o f l e ctu re s i s
pro m ote d e ffe cti v ely .
Fro m s tu d ent’ s p ers p ecti v e, i t i s u se fu l a nd m eanin gfu l f o r s tu d ents to m ake
asse ssm ents o f te achin g m eth o ds a nd a tti tu d es o f te achers . A n e xp la nati o n o f th is
is th at s tu d ents h av e o pportu niti e s to a ssim ila te k no w le d ge e asily . T hro ugh
dis c ussio ns a b out te achin g m eth o ds w ith th eir te achers , s tu d ents m ay b e e xp la in ed
by a m eth o d b ein g s u ita b le f o r th eir a cq uis iti o n l e v el. A s a c o nse q uence, th ey m ay
sp end a s h o rt ti m e o n a cq uir in g k no w le d ge b ecause o f a fo re m enti o ned a d vanta ge.
Besid es, m akin g a sse ssm ents o f te achers c an a ssis t i n b oosti n g th e c re ati v ity o f
stu d ents . B ecause o f b ein g a llo w ed to g iv e f e ed backs, s tu d ents w ould h av e a f a ce
to f a ce c o nv ers a ti o ns w ith th eir te achers . T hro ugh th ese c o nv ers a ti o ns, th e a rg uin g
ab ility o f s tu d ents to p ro te ct th eir p ers o nal s c ho ols o f th o ught i s i m pro ved .
In c o nclu sio n, I a m s tr o ng o f o pin io n th at i t i s w orth f o r s tu d ents g iv in g
asse ssm ents f o r th eir te achers b ecause th is i s a p ositi v e i n clin ati o n i n m odern
so cie ti e s.
402

330 w ord s
403

SA M PL E 1 9
In t h e f u tu re , it s e em s it w ill b e m ore d if fic u lt t o liv e o n t h e E arth . S om e
people t h in k m oney s h ould b e s p ent o n r e se arc h in g o th er p la nets t o liv e. T o
what e xte nt d o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e w it h t h is s ta te m ent?
It i s p ro je cte d b y s c ie nti s ts th at h um an l ife o n th e E arth h as b eco m e i n cre asin gly
unsu sta in ab le . W hile p rio riti z in g m ore e xp end itu re o n s e ekin g a n ew l ife i n th e
co sm os i s b elie v ed to b e u rg ent b y s o m e c iti z e ns, I a gre e th at m oney s h o uld b e
in v este d a cco rd in gly to a lle v ia te s o m e i m min ent p ro ble m s o n th e E arth .
On th e o ne h and , th ere h av e b een m ore p re ssin g i s su es w ho se i m pacts a re
th re ate nin g h um an l ife . F ir s tl y , e nv ir o nm enta l d egra d ati o n c o uld b e d etr im enta l to
th e s o cio -e co no m ic d ev elo pm ent o f a c o untr y . O verc o nsu m pti o n o f f o ssil f u els
su ch a s c o al o r o il i s k no w n a s n o n-re new ab le s o urc es o f e nerg y w ill b e c ausin g
cata str o phic c o nse q uences o f n atu ra l r e so urc es d ep le ti o n i n th e f o re se eab le f u tu re .
In a d diti o n, a n a b und ance o f p ollu ti o n ty p es i s m ore p ro ne to tr ig ger s e rio us
physic al a nd m enta l h ealth p ro ble m s. S eco nd ly , l iv in g c o nd iti o ns o f p eo ple
in v este d w ith l e ss m oney m ean th at th eir b asic s ta nd ard o f l iv in g c o uld n o t f u lfill,
genera te m ore e no rm ous g ap s b etw een th e i m poveris h ed a nd w ealth y. A s a r e su lt,
th e r is k o f i n se curity w ill b e i n cre ase d b y c rim e f o r th e c rim in al p urp ose s o f
fin d in g a s te ad y l ife .
On th e o th er h and , m ore e xp end itu re o n i n v ad in g s p ace c o uld l e ad to a v arie ty o f
pote nti a l r is k s. F ir s t o f a ll, th e c o nq uest o f s p ace i s a c halle nge th at c o sts u s a
gre at d eal o f m oney, m eanw hile , th e s u ccess c o uld n o t b e g uara nte ed . T he s p ace
ra ce i n N orth K ore a, th o ugh, m ark s a n i m porta nt m ile sto ne i n th e d ev elo pm ent o f
sp ace e xp lo ra ti o n, l e av es th e f a ct th at e co no m y i s b eco m in g i n cre asin gly
backw ard i ts e lf. A no th er r is k i s th at w hen a str o nauts a re i n w eig htl e ss c o nd iti o ns,
health s a fe ty c anno t b e a ssu re d c o m ple te ly . T hey w ill h av e to e nd ure d is c o m fo rts
and h ard sh ip s i n th e u niv ers e a nd d o m ore tr a in in g c o urs e s to f lo at th ro ugh s p ace
if th ey d o n o t w ant to d ie s u d denly .
In s u m , I w ould a rg ue th at m ankin d i s d estr o yin g th e b asis o f l ife o n th e E arth a nd
go vern m ents s h o uld ta ke m akin g u se o f b ud gets d elib era te ly i n to a cco unt i n o rd er
no t to p ro duce d ev asta ti n g e ffe cts o n p eo ple ’s l ife .
326 w ord s
404

SA M PL E 2 0
As w ell a s m ak in g m oney, b usin esse s a ls o h ave s o cia l r e sp onsib ilit ie s. D o y ou
agre e o r d is a gre e?
In r e cent y ears , th e a cti v iti e s o f b usin esse s h av e h ad b oth p ositi v e a nd n egati v e
im pacts o n s o cie ty , c ausin g s o m e p ub lic c o ntr o vers ie s. A lth o ugh I a ccep t th at th e
to p p rio rity o f c o m panie s i s to g enera te p ro fits , I w ould a rg ue th at th ey s h o uld
ap pre cia te th e i m porta nce o f s o cia l r e sp onsib iliti e s.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy th e e ffo rt o f c o rp ora ti o ns to e arn
money m ay b e o ne o f th e e ffe cti v e w ays to c o ntr ib ute to s o cie ty . F ir s t, s in ce th e
ente rp ris e s h av e to p ay ta xes o n th eir i n co m e, th e h ig her p ro fits th ey p ro duce th e
more ta xes th ey p ay f o r th e g o vern m ent. T his a cts a s a n i n centi v e f o r th e
auth o riti e s to h av e f u nd s to i n v est i n i m porta nt f ie ld s s u ch a s e d ucati o n a nd
health care , w hic h l e ad to th e i m pro vem ents i n th e q uality o f l ife o f th e c o m munity .
Seco nd , b y r a is in g a l o t o f p ro fits , th e c o rp ora ti o ns w ould b e a b le to e xp and th eir
busin esse s a nd c re ate m ore j o b o pportu niti e s. A s a r e su lt, th e c o nse q uences o f
unem plo ym ent i n clu d in g th e i n cre ase o f c rim e r a te , v io le nce, a nd l o w
co nsu m pti o n c an b e r e d uced i n m any c o untr ie s.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at a p art f r o m m akin g m oney, th e c o m panie s
als o n eed to c o nd uct s o cia l r e sp onsib iliti e s. F ir s t, s in ce th e b usin ess a cti v iti e s
co ntr ib ute to h arm fu l e ffe cts o n th e e nv ir o nm ent s u ch a s g lo bal w arm in g s te m min g
fr o m f a cto ry e m is sio n o r th e p ro ble m s o f i n d ustr ia l w aste d is p osa l, th e c o m panie s
sh o uld b e r e sp onsib le to h elp to p ro te ct th e n atu ra l e nv ir o nm ent. F or e xam ple ,
many f a cto rie s a nd i n d ustr ia l z o nes c o uld ta ke s te p s to i n sta ll m odern w aste
tr e atm ent s y ste m s to d is p ose w aste m ate ria ls i n ste ad o f d is c harg in g th em i n to th e
riv ers o r th e a tm osp here . S eco nd , i f th e e nte rp ris e s c an s u p port p eo ple w ho a re
le ss f o rtu ne l ik e o rp hans, h o m ele ss a nd d is a b le d c iti z e ns; th is w ill b e c o nd uciv e
to th e b ette r s o cie ty a nd w ill e nhance th e p ub lic i m age o f th e c o m pany o r th e
bra nd . F or i n sta nce, s o m e b ig c o m panie s l ik e V in am ilk , P N G o rg aniz e a nnual
ev ents s u ch a s p ro vid in g s c ho la rs h ip s a nd g iv in g c harita b le d onati o ns to h elp th e
co m munity a s w ell a s to e nhance th e p ub lic i m age o f th e c o m pany.
In c o nclu sio n, a lth o ugh m akin g p ro fits i s a v ita l f u ncti o n o f b usin ess, i t s e em s to
me th at th e c o m panie s s h o uld a ls o h av e r e sp onsib iliti e s.
320 w ord s
405

SA M PL E 2 1
Som e p eople t h in k g overn m ents s h ould p ro te ct lo ca l c o m panie s w hen t h ey
co m pete w it h in te rn atio nal c o m panie s. D o t h e a dvanta ges o utw eig h t h e
dis a dvanta ges?
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at th ere a re m ore a d vanta ges f o r d om esti c e nte rp ris e s th at
are p ro te cte d b y th eir o w n g o vern m ent w hen th ey c o m pete w ith g lo bal c o m panie s.
In m y o pin io n, th is i s m ore d ra w backs th an b enefits .
On th e o ne h and , i t i s u nd enia b le th at p ro te cti n g l o cal c o m panie s i s b enefic ia l i n
so m e c ase s. T o b e s p ecific , c o m panie s th at a re s u p porte d b y g o vern m ents e nab le
manufa ctu rin g p ro ducts to s u p ply n o t o nly d om esti c m ark ets b ut a ls o f o re ig n
mark ets . T his r e su lts i n h ig her p ro fits w hic h m ay b e g enera te d b y l o cal
co m panie s. A s a r e su lt, th ey p ay m ore ta xes f o r n ati o nal b ud gets . F urth erm ore ,
pro te cti n g d om esti c c o m panie s i s a w is e s tr a te gy to p re v ent m ulti n ati o nal
co m panie s f r o m b uild in g th eir f a cto rie s i n u nd erd ev elo ped c o untr ie s. T his i s
because m ulti n ati o nal c o m panie s c an ta ke a d vanta ges o f l o cal r e so urc es f o r
pro ducin g w ith e xtr e m ely l o w c o sts . T his l e ad s to th e e nv ir o nm enta l d egra d ati o n
fo r a l o ng ti m e.
On th e o th er h and , I c o ncur w ith th o se w ho a rg ue th at th is te nd ency b rin gs m ore
dow nsid es f o r d om esti c c iti z e ns. F ir s tl y , l o cal c o nsu m ers s u ffe r f r o m u nfa ir
co m peti ti o n b etw een e nte rp ris e s i n sid e a nd o uts id e th eir c o untr y . T hey h av e to
pay h ig her p ric es o r r e ceiv e l o w er q ualiti e s f o r th e p ro ducts f o r th e p ro ducts th at
are p ro duced b y l o cal c o m panie s. F or i n sta nce, th e p ric e o f c ars th at a re
manufa ctu re d b y V ie tn am ese c o m panie s i s e xtr e m ely e xp ensiv e w hic h i s n early
th e s a m e p ric e w ith a p riv ate h o use i n V ie tn am a nd i s o ut o f r e ach f o r p eo ple o n
th e a v era ge s a la ry . S eco nd ly , i n te rn ati o nal c o m panie s h elp u nem plo ym ent r a te i n
lo cal a re as to d ro p s ig nific antl y . I f th eir f a cto rie s o pera te , th e d em and f o r l o cal
la b or w ill i n cre ase s u b sta nti a lly .
In c o nclu sio n, I b elie v e th at th ere a re m ore d ra w backs th an b enefits f o r p ro te cti n g
lo cal c o m panie s i n g lo baliz a ti o n c o nte xt.
275 w ord s
406

SA M PL E 2 2
Som e p eople t h in k t h at it is g ood f o r a c o untr y 's c u lt u re t o im port f o re ig n
movie s a nd T V p ro gra m s. O th ers t h in k t h at it is b ette r t o p ro duce t h ese
lo ca lly . D is c u ss b oth v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
It i s tr u e th at th e q uesti o n o f w heth er to i m port m ovie s o r T V p ro gra m s f r o m
overs e as o r p ro duce th em w ith in th eir o w n c o untr y r e m ain s a s o urc e o f
co ntr o vers y. W hile m any p eo ple b elie v e th at i t i s b ette r to w atc h m ovie s th at a re
pro duced l o cally , I w ould a rg ue th at i t i s n ecessa ry to p ro m ote l o cal e nte rta in m ent
in d ustr y .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re m any r e aso ns w hy f o re ig n f ilm s o r p ro gra m s p la y a n
in te gra l p art i n p eo ple ’s s p ir itu al l ife . F ir s tl y , p eo ple a re l ik ely to l e arn c ultu re s o f
oth er c o untr ie s, w hic h th ey m ay c o nsid er a s a n a d ventu re o r e nte rta in m ent. F or
in sta nce, T ita nic i s n o t o nly a d is a ste r m ovie b ut a ls o a g re at c hance to l e arn a b out
em ig ra ti o n f r o m E uro pe to th e U SA . I n a d diti o n, th ese m ovie s a ls o h elp m any
peo ple i m pro ve th eir l a nguage s k ills , c o m bin in g l e arn in g a nd e njo ym ent. F or
exam ple , m any V ie tn am ese s tu d ents h av e b enefite d f r o m w atc hin g T V s e rie s l ik e
Frie nd s.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at l o cal m ovie s o r T V p ro gra m s b enefit y o ung
genera ti o ns. T he m ain r e aso n i s th at th anks to th ese f ilm s o r p ro gra m s, p eo ple
hav e c o untl e ss o pportu niti e s to u nd ers ta nd a b out th eir c ultu re s, h is to ry , a nd
manners . F or e xam ple , i n ste ad o f u sin g s c ho ol te xtb ooks a lo ne to i llu str a te h is to ry
le sso ns, s tu d ents to day c an w atc h l o cally -m ad e d ocum enta rie s o r m ovie s. B y
doin g th is , s tu d ents a re n o l o nger a fr a id o f s tu d yin g h is to ry a nd th is c o uld r a is e a n
in te re st i n l e arn in g th is s u b je ct. M ore o ver, l o cal T V s h o w s a nd f ilm s a re r e le v ant
to e v ery d ay e xp erie nces a nd a f a m ilia r w ay o f l ife . E ven w hen c o pyrig ht i d eas
fr o m o th er c o untr ie s a re u se d , p ro ducers a re s ti ll a b le to a d ap t th ese to m ake
sh o w s s u ch a s V ie tn am ese v ers io n o f T he V oic e.
To c o nclu d e, a lth o ugh b oth l o cal f ilm s a nd f o re ig n m ovie s c o ntr ib ute to th e
dev elo pm ent o f th e e nte rta in m ent o f th e n ati o n, i t s e em s to m e i t i s b ette r to
su p port l o cal f ilm s a nd p ro gra m s d ue to th eir r o le s a s e d ucati o n a nd
ente rta in m ent.
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SA M PL E 2 3
Advertis e m ents a re b eco m in g m ore a nd m ore c o m mon in e very day lif e . I s it a
posit iv e o r n egativ e d evelo pm ent?
It i s tr u e th at a d verti s e m ents n o w ad ays p la y a v ita l r o le i n p eo ple ’s d aily l ife . I n
my p ers o nal p ers p ecti v e, a lth o ugh s o m e p arti c ula r a d verti s e m ents m ay h av e
negati v e e ffe cts o n c o nsu m ers ’ h ealth o r c ho ic es, I b elie v e th at th e m ajo rity h av e a
positi v e i n flu ence o n th em .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re m any r e aso ns w hy a d verti s e m ents a re c o nsid ere d
harm fu l to p eo ple , e sp ecia lly c hild re n. T he m ain r e aso n i s th at a d verti s in g to day
in v aria b ly p ro m ote f a st f o od a nd s o ft d rin k. T here fo re , th is m ay n o t o nly
negati v ely i n flu ence c hild re n, b ut a ls o e nco ura ge p are nts to ta ke th em f o r m eals
and r e in fo rc e th e i d ea th at th is i s a n o rm al a nd d esir a b le b ehav io r. A s a r e su lt,
more a nd m ore c hild re n a re p ro ne to o besity . M ore o ver, a s a d verti s in g p la ys a n
in te gra l p art i n b uyers ’ d ecis io n-m akin g p ro gre ss, th o se p eo ple w ith l im ite d
aw are ness a re l ik ely to p urc hase p ro ducts w ho se c o m merc ia ls a re c o lo rfu l. F or
exam ple , m any p eo ple w ould l ik e to b uy c and ie s d ue to i ts v ario us c o lo rs a nd
fla v ors . C onse q uentl y , i f th ey e at a h uge a m ount o f th em , th ey w ill h av e to s u ffe r
fr o m d ia b ete s a nd to oth d ecay.
On th e o th er h and , I w ould a rg ue th at p eo ple a re c erta in ly b enefite d f r o m
ad verti s e m ents . I n te rm s o f e d ucati o n, a d verti s e m ents c an h elp c hild re n d ra w
in sp ir a ti o n a nd e asily a ccess a w orld o f k no w le d ge. F or e xam ple , a s h o rt
ad verti s e m ent r e p re se nts a p ro cess o f a tr e e r e achin g m atu rity f r o m a s e ed i s
cle are r a nd s im ple r to u nd ers ta nd th an s c ho ol te xtb ooks a lo ne to i llu str a te b io lo gy
le sso n. M ore o ver, i n te rm s o f c o nsu m pti o n, a d verti s e m ents p ro vid e p eo ple a w id e
ra nge o f g o ods i n o rd er to h elp th em h av e th e b est p ro ducts . F or e xam ple , w hen
peo ple c o nsid er i n sta llin g a ir -c o nd iti o ners i n th eir h o m es, th ey w ill h av e to f in d
out s u ita b le o nes. I t i s a d verti s e m ents th at p ro vid e th em s u ffic ie nt i n fo rm ati o n to
purc hase th e r ig ht p ro duct.
To c o nclu d e, a d verti s e m ents o f v ario us ty p es h av e b eco m e p re v ale nt i n m odern
so cie ty , a nd i n m y v ie w , th e d ra w backs o f th is tr e nd a re o utw eig hed b y th e
benefits o f th is tr e nd .
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SA M PL E 2 4
Many g overn m ents t h in k t h at e co nom ic p ro gre ss is t h eir m ost im porta nt g oal.
Som e p eople , h ow ever, t h in k t h at o th er t y pes o f p ro gre ss a re e qually
im porta nt f o r a c o untr y . D is c u ss b oth t h ese v ie w s a nd g iv e y our o pin io n.
MODEL E SSA Y 1 :
While w ealth h as b eco m e th e f ir s t p ro prie ty o f m any n ati o ns, a l o t o f p eo ple a rg ue
th at th ere a re s e v era l f a cto rs a ls o c o ntr ib ute to a n ati o n’s p rim e a s m uch a s
eco no m ic s. I n m y o pin io n, I b elie v e th at b oth e co no m ic a d vanta ges a nd o th er n o n-
pro fit v alu es a re e sse nti a l a nd s ta te ’s p olic ie s s h o uld b e a b le to b ala nce th em .
There a re a g re at n um ber o f b enefits o f b ein g a r ic h c o untr y . T he w ealth o f a
nati o n i s p re se nte d i n tw o f a cto rs : th e s ta te b ud get a nd th e c iti z e ns’ p ers o nal
in co m e, s o l e t l o okin g a t th ese tw o. F ir s tl y , th e g ro w th o f th e g o vern m ent b ud get
re v enue c o uld b rin g a b out a b ette r s o cia l w elfa re , b ecause m ore m oney w ould b e
allo cate d to p ub lic s e rv ic es. F or i n sta nce, tr a ffic i n fr a str u ctu re w ould b e u p date d
so th at p eo ple c o uld m ove m ore e asily a nd s a fe ly . S eco nd ly , i f o ne’s f in ancia l
situ ati o n g ets p ro gre sse s, h e w ill s p end m ore m oney o n c o nsu m in g i n o rd er to
meet h is n eed s a nd f e el h ap pie r. V ie tn am , f o r e xam ple , a s l o ng a s i ts e co no m ic
dev elo pm ent, h as tu rn ed f r o m a c o untr y f u ll o f h ungers to th e to p te n h ap pie st
nati o n i n th e w orld .
How ev er, e co no m ic s i s n o t th e o nly th in g e sse nti a l f o r a s o cie ty . S om e s c ie nti s ts
cla im ed th at a lth o ugh ‘ m oney c an b uy h ap pin ess’ i s tr u e, i t i s o nly tr u e to s o m e
exte nt. S pecify in g, th ere i s a p oin t th at e v en i f a p ers o n g ets m ore m oney th an th at,
he/s h e w ill n o t f e el b ette r, m ayb e e v en g et s tr e ss o r a nxie ty . W here as, th ere i s n o
lim it f o r o th er d elig hti n g f a cto rs , s u ch a s r e la xin g e nv ir o nm ent o r r e la ti o nsh ip ’s
harm ony. I n f a ct, th ey p la y i n te gra l p arts c o ntr ib uti n g p eo ple ’s h ealth , b oth
menta lly a nd p hysic ally , s o m eti m es c o uld b e m ore p re cio us th an m oney. B uhta n
and K ore a a re g o od i llu str a ti o ns. T he K in g o f B huta n d ecid ed to ta ke e co no m ic s’
pro prie ty b ehin d p re se rv in g th e e nv ir o nm ent, e d ucati o n, a nd h ealth s e rv ic e, a nd to
measu re th e a m ount o f d elig htf u ln ess i n ste ad o f G DP. T he r e su lt i s h is c iv ilia ns
beco m e th e h ap pie st p eo ple . K ore a, i n c o ntr a st, h ad e xp erie nced p heno m enal
gro w th a nd n o w i s o ne o f ‘ fo ur A sia n T ig ers ’, b ut f o r s o m e r e aso ns, i t a ls o h as a
gre at p ro porti o n o f p eo ple c o m mitti n g s u ic id e.
330 w ord s
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MODEL E SSA Y 2 :
The d ev elo pm ent o f a c o untr y d ep end s o n th e c o ntr ib uti o n o f m any i n d ic ato rs .
While g o vern m ents b elie v e th at e co no m ic p ro gre ss i s a n/th e m ost i m porta nt f a cto r
to m easu re th e n ati o n’s s u ccess, o th ers a sse rt th at, a p art f r o m th e e co no m y, th ere
are s e v era l f a cto rs th at s h o uld b e a d vanced a nd c o nsid ere d s u ch a s e d ucati o n a nd
health care .
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re s e v era l r e aso ns w hy g o vern m ents th in k th e e co no m y i s
th e m ost c o nsid era b le a sp ect a s w ell a s th e m ost c ru cia l g o al. I n f a ct, w ith th e
str a te gy f o cusin g o n g enera ti n g p ro fits , s o m e c o m panie s w ill tr y to r e d uce
unnecessa ry s te p s i n th e m anufa ctu rin g p ro cess o r i n cre ase e m plo yee’s
perfo rm ance i n o rd er to m axim iz e th e e arn ed r e v enue. A s a r e su lt, e m plo yees a re
lik ely to e arn a h ig her s a la ry w hic h c o ntr ib ute s to b ette r l iv in g s ta nd ard .
More o ver, th e p ro sp ero us e co no m y a ls o h elp s to a ttr a ct m ore p ote nti a l f o re ig n
in v esto rs w ith a h uge b ud get. T hanks to th e i n v estm ent s o urc es f r o m d ev elo ped
co untr ie s, m any s ta rt- u p s p ro je cts c an r u n s m ooth ly w ith h ig h p ossib ility o f
su ccess. T here fo re , m any j o b v acancie s w ill b e c re ate d a nd th e r a te o f
unem plo ym ent w ill b e r e d uced .
On th e o th er h and , th e s ta nd ard s o f e d ucati o n, h ealth , a nd h um an r ig hts s h o uld
eq ually b e c o nsid ere d w hen s e tti n g a n ati o n’s ta rg et o f d ev elo pm ent. F ir s tl y ,
go vern m ents s h o uld p rio riti z e th eir p la n/ti m e/e ffo rt o n th e p ro gre ss o f h ealth care
se rv ic es r a th er th an th e p re ssu re o f m oneta ry . A ppare ntl y , i n th e p erio d/e ra o f
in d ustr ia liz a ti o n, th e e nv ir o nm ent h as b een h arm ed /d am aged b y a ir p ollu ti o n a nd
waste w hic h r e su lt f r o m g as e m is sio n f r o m f a cto rie s. C onse q uentl y , p eo ple a re
lik ely to b e s u ffe rin g f r o m s o m e f a ta l a ilm ents s u ch a s c ancer. S eco nd ly ,
go vern m ents a ls o n eed to f o cus o n E ducati o n b ecause w ell- e d ucate d w ork fo rc e
allo w s a v arie ty o f c o m panie s a nd i n d ustr ie s to f lo uris h , l e ad in g to tr a d e w ith
oth er c o untr ie s a nd i n cre ase d w ealth .
In c o nclu sio n, th ere a re m any f a cto rs w hic h c o ntr ib ute to th e c o m mon
dev elo pm ent/ p ro gre ss/b lo sso m in g o f a n ati o n a nd I w ould a rg ue th at g o vern m ents
sh o uld c are a b out th o se l is te d i n d ic ato rs e q ually .
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SA M PL E 2 5
People t o day d o n ot f e el s a fe e it h er a t h om e o r w hen t h ey a re o ut. W hat a re
th e c a use s? W hat a re t h e s o lu tio ns?
Now ad ays, p eo ple n eith er f e el s a fe i n th eir o w n h o use s n o r w hen th ey a re i n th e
str e et o r o th er p ub lic s p aces. S om e c ause s n eed to b e a sc erta in ed , b ut I b elie v e
th ere a re a ls o a l o t o f m easu re s to s o lv e th is p ro ble m /is su e/d ile m ma/o bsta cle .
There a re s e v era l e xp la nati o ns w hy i n d iv id uals f e el u nsa fe r e gard le ss o f w here
th ey a re . F ir s tl y , r e sid ents h av e a s e rio us a nxie ty w hen i t c o m es to s o cia l i s su es.
Recentl y , b urg la rie s a nd r o bberie s h av e b een s ig nific antl y i n cre asin g/h av e
beco m e i n cre asin gly s ig nific ant. A f e w y ears a go , a nd th e r o bbery o f a j e w elr y
sto re , c arrie d o ut b y a 1 7-y ear-o ld L e V an L uyen, c ause d d eath s o f 3 p eo ple ,
in clu d in g a n 1 8-y ear-o ld c hild . S eco nd ly , p eo ple a re a w are o f th e d angers w hen
th ey u se th e r o ad s d ue to th e i n cre asin g r a te o f tr a ffic a ccid ents . T his s te m s f r o m
th e b ad b ehav io rs o f p eo ple w hen a tte nd in g tr a ffic , s u ch a s d rin kin g a lc o ho ls o r
driv in g o ver s p eed .
How ev er/N ev erth ele ss, s o m e s im ple m easu re s s h o uld b e i m ple m ente d to d eal
with th o se r o ot c ause s o f i n se curity . I t i s n ecessa ry to i m pro ve th e s e curity
sy ste m s o f h o use ho ld s. F or e xam ple , s u rv eilla nce c am era s s h o uld b e i n sta lle d to
help f a m ilie s m onito r th e a cti v iti e s h ap penin g i n th eir o w n h o use , p re v enti n g
ro bbers f r o m s te alin g th eir a sse ts . I n te rm s o f g re ate r s e curity o n th e r o ad ,
auth o riti e s s h o uld e nact s tr ic t tr a ffic l a w s to f in d th o se w ho c aught e xceed in g th e
sp eed l im it. T he p ub lic w ould b e s a fe r s in ce p eo ple a re a w are o f b ein g c harg ed a
la rg e a m ount o f m oney.
In c o nclu sio n, th e f e ar o f r o bbery o r b urg la ry a nd th e p ro ble m o f r o ad s a fe ty c an
be ta ckle d b y e ffe cti v e s o lu ti o ns, g iv in g p eo ple a g re ate r s e nse o f s e curity .
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SA M PL E 2 6
Ric h c o untr ie s s h ould n ot e m plo y s k ille d la bor f r o m p oor c o untr ie s, a s p oor
co untr ie s n eed t h e w ork ers m ore . D o y ou a gre e o r d is a gre e?
It i s w id ely a rg ued th at s k ille d w ork ers i n u nd erd ev elo ped n ati o ns s h o uld
co ntr ib ute to th eir h o m e c o untr ie s i n ste ad o f b ein g h ir e d to w ork f o r d ev elo ped
co untr ie s. W hile d ev elo pin g c o untr ie s c erta in ly d em and a g re at a m ount o f
manp ow er, I b elie v e th at th e m ovem ent o f th e l a b our f o rc e f r o m th ese c o untr ie s to
dev elo ped o nes o ffe rs v ario us a d vanta ges.
On th e o ne h and , th ere a re a n um ber o f r e aso ns w hy s o m e p eo ple o ppose to
movin g s k ille d w ork ers to p ro sp ero us c o untr ie s. O ne o f th e p rim ary c ause s i s th at
a c o nsid era b le n um ber o f c halle nges h av e b een e m erg in g i n T hir d W orld c o untr ie s
th at r e q uir e th e c o ntr ib uti o n o f th eir