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Jamshid Safarov
People, Character,
Communication, Family

• Words
• Collocations
• Articles


People, Character, Psychology, Communication,


Words & Collocations
ೲ People
attractive, good -looking, beautiful, handsome, lovely, pretty, cute, nice;
pretty; beautiful; handsome; good -looking;
plain, homely (=not good -looking; AmE), unattractive, ugly; an ugly fellow;
a pretty (beautiful, ugly, intelligent, round, oval) face; regular features;
delicate features;
well -dressed; nicely dressed; casually dressed; poorly dressed; elegant;
neat, clean, tidy; untidy, dirty, filthy; a neat person;
tall, very tall, quite tall; six feet tall; not very tall; short;
average height; medium height; middle height;
Weight and Build
thin, quite thin, slim, slender; skinny, underweight;
plump, chubby, s tout, overweight, obese, fat;
medium -build ; heavily built; thickset; broad -shouldered;
delicate; delicate constitution;
strong, muscular, athletic; weak, feeble.
dark, black, brown, chestnut, red, auburn; blond, light, fair; white, gray
a brunette, a brunet; a redhead; a blonde, a blond; a dark -haired; corn -


long, short; medium -length; shoulder -length; long dark -blond;
straight, curl y, wavy; thick, thinning, bald; curly; bald;
shiny, smooth, neatly combed; soft, silken; lank; dull; oily; greasy;
tousled; disheveled; plaits, ponytail; beard, mustache (moustache).
blue, gray (grey), green, brown, dark;
light -blue; dark -gray; grayish -blue;
big eyes; large eyes; bright eyes; expressive eyes; sharp eyes;
eyebrows, eyelashes; thick eyebrows; green eyes with dark lashes;
nearsighted, shortsighted (near -sighted, short -sighted); blind;
eyeglasses, glasses, spectacles, sunglasses; a pair of glasses
young, middle -aged, elderly, old; grown -up, adult;
he is twenty years old; she is in h er thirties; he is about forty;
a child; a kid; a little boy; a little girl; a five -year -old girl; she is five years
a teenager; a teenage boy; a teenage girl; a young boy; a young girl;
Character , personality , nature
good (excellent, fine, strong, firm, weak, bad, terrible, evil) character;
traits of character; qualities; he has a terrible character; his character is
very good;
a woman of great character; a man of character; he has no character at all;
pleasant (friendly, strong, weak, interesting, charismatic) personality;
she is soft -hearted by nature; it is not in his nature to be rude.


Other qualities
pretentious, self -important, vain, pompous; domineering, oppressive;
capricious, wayward, whi msical; mischievous; argumentative, irritable,
critical, exacting, fault -finding; pedantic; docile, dutiful, obedient;
talkative; glib; noisy; reserved, reticent; laconic; taciturn; silent; secretive;
economical, thrifty, frugal, tight, stingy, miserly, greedy; wasteful, prodigal,
strange, odd, weird, eccentric, crazy; normal, ordinary, regular.
intelligent, wise, clever, smart; sharp, keen, bright, quick, agile;
broad -minded; open -minded; narrow -minded; small -minded; absent -
a sharp mind; a quick mind;
foolish, silly, stupid, dumb; dull, slow; crazy, insane, mad;
Other related words
Note: Some of the words below are informal or slang words; some of them
may be perceived as offensiv e.
a bookworm; a history buff; a sports fan; a music fan; a movie fan; a TV
a computer whiz kid; a computer freak; a number -cruncher;
a fashion plate; a dandy; a fashionmonger; a warmonger; a newsmonger; a
a junk collector; a pack rat; a miser; a squanderer; a spendthrift; a
a homebody; a couch potato; lazybones; a workaholic; a Jack of all trades;
an adventurer; a thrill seeker; an oddball; a weirdo; a chatterbox; a
scatterbrain; a teaser;


a prude; a hypocrite; a chronic liar; a gambler; a smooth operator; a city
slicker; a simpleton;
a superachiever; an underachiever; a winner; a loser; a tough guy; a softy;
a woman -chaser; a womanizer; a ladies' man (a lady's man);
a black sheep; a scapegoat; a scarecrow; a white crow; a night owl.
1 pound (lb.) = 0.4536 kilograms (kg)
He weighs 170 pounds. (Read as "one hundred and seventy pounds" or "one
hundred seventy pounds".)
1 inch (in.) = 2.54 centimeters (cm)
1 foot (ft.) = 12 in. = 30.48 cm = 0.3048 m
He is six feet tall. He is 183 centimeters tall. (one hundred eighty -three
She is 160 centimeters tall. (one hundred sixty centimeters)
Her 12 -year -old son is about 5 feet tall and w eighs about 88 pounds.
(eighty -eight pounds)
Character / Personality Traits
1. active
characterized by energetic
2. adventurous
willing to undertake new and
daring enterprises
3. affable
diffusing warmth and friendliness
4. affected
5. affectionate
having or displaying warmth or
6. afraid
filled with fear or apprehension
7. ambitious
having a strong desire for success
or achievement
8. amiable
diffusing warmt h and friendliness


9. angry
feeling or showing extreme
displeasure or hostility
10. animated
having life or vigor or spirit
11. annoyed
troubled persistently
12. anxious
causing or fraught with or showing
13. argumentative
given to or characterized by a
tendency to dispute
14. arrogant
having or showing feelings of
unwarranted importance
15. astonished
filled with the emotional impact of
overwhelming surprise
16. attentive
taking heed
17. babyish
characteristic of a baby
18. bewildered
perplexed by many conflicting
situations or statements
19. blase
nonchalantly unconcerned
20. boorish
ill-mannered and coarse in
behavior or appearance
21. bored
uninterested because of frequent
exposure or indulgence
22. bossy
offensively self -assured or
exercising unwarranted power
23. brave
possessing or displaying courage
24. brilliant
full of light; shining intensely
25. busy
actively or fully engaged or
26. calm
not agitated; without losing self -
27. candid
openly straightforward and direct
without secretiveness
28. capable
having ability
29. careful


exercising caution or showing
30. caustic
capable of destroying or eating
away by chemical action
31. cautious
showing careful forethought
32. charismatic
possessing an extraordinary ability
to attract
33. charming
pleasing or delighting
34. cheerful
being full of or promoting cheer
35. childish
indicating a lack of maturity
36. clever
mentally quick and resourceful
37. clumsy
lacking grace in movement or
38. coarse
rough to the touch
39. coldhearted
lacking in sympathy or feeling
40. compassionate
showing or having sympathy for
another's suffering
41. complacent
contented to a fault with oneself or
one's action s
42. conceited
having an exaggerated sense of
self -importance
43. concerned
feeling or showing worry or
44. confident
having or marked by assurance
45. confused
unable to think with clarity or act
46. conscientious
characterized by extreme care and
great effort
47. considerate
showing concern for the rights and
feelings of others
48. cooperative
involving the joint activity of two or
49. courageous
able to face and deal with danger
or fear without flinching


50. cowardly
lacking courage; ignobly timid and
faint -hearted
51. crafty
marked by s kill in deception
52. critical
of a serious examination and
judgment of something
53. cross
a marking that consists of lines
that intersect e ach other
54. cruel
able or disposed to inflict pain or
55. cultured
marked by refinement in taste and
56. curious
eager to investigate and learn or
learn more
57. dangerous
involving or causing risk; liab le to
hurt or harm
58. daring
a challenge to do something
dangerous or foolhardy
59. dauntless
invulnerable to fear or intimidation
60. decisive
characterized by resoluteness and
61. dependable
consistent in performance or
62. determined
having been learned or found
especially by investigation
63. diligent
quietly and steadily persevering in
detail or exactne ss
64. discouraged
lacking in resolution
65. discreet
marked by prudence or modesty
and wise self -restraint
66. dishonest
deceptive or fraudulent
67. dismayed
struck with fear, dread, or
68. dispa raging
expressive of low opinion
69. disrespectful
exhibiting lack of regard; rude and


70. dissatisfied
in a state of sulky dissatisfaction
71. distressed
feeling general unhappiness
72. domineering
tending to rule in a cruel manner
73. doubtful
fraught with uncertainty
74. dutiful
willingly obedient out of a sense of
75. eager
having or showing keen interest or
intense desire
76. easygoing
relaxed and informal in attitude or
77. effervescent
giving off bubbles
78. efficient
being effective without wasting
time, effort, or expense
79. eloquent
expressing yourself readily,
clearly, effectively
80. embarrassed
feeling or caused to feel uneasy
and self -conscious
81. encouraging
giving courage or confidence or
82. energetic
possessing or displaying forceful
83. enthusiastic
having or showing great
excitement and interest
84. exacting
severe and unremitting in making
85. excited
in an aroused state
86. expert
a person with special knowledge
who performs skillfully
87. exuberant
joyously unrestrained
88. facetious
cleverly amusing in tone
89. fair
free from favoritism, bias, or
90. faithful


loyal and reliable
91. fanciful
indulging in or influenced by the
92. fearless
calm or oblivious in the face of
93. fidgety
nervous and unable to relax
94. fierce
marked by extreme and violent
95. finicky
fussy, especially about details
96. foolish
lacking good sense or judgment
97. formal
in accord with established
conventions and requirements
98. fortunate
having unexpected good luck
99. frank
characterized by directness in
manner or speech
100. friendly
characteristic of or befitting an ally
101. frustrated
disappointingly unsuccessful
102. funny
an account of an amusing incident
103. garrulous
full of tr ivial conversation
104. generous
willing to give and share
105. gentle
soft and mild; not harsh or stern or
106. giddy
lacking seriousness; given to
107. giving
the act of giving
108. glamorous
having an air of allure, romance
and excitement
109. gloomy
depressingly dark
110. glum
moody and melancholic
111. grateful
feeling or showing thankfulness


112. greedy
immoderately desirous of
acquiring something
113. gregarious
temperamentally seeking and
enjoying the company of others
114. grouchy
annoyed and irritable
115. grumpy
annoyed and irritable
116. gullible
naive and easily deceived or
117. happy
marked by good fortune
118. hardy
having rugged physical strength
119. harried
troubled persistently, especially
with petty annoyances
120. harsh
disagreeable to the senses
121. hateful
evoking or deserving hatred
122. haughty
having or showing arrogant
123. helpful
providing assistance or serving a
useful function
124. honest
marked by truth
125. hopeful
having or manifesting optimism
126. hopeless
witho ut hope because there
seems to be no possibility of
comfort or success
127. hospitable
disposed to treat guests and
strangers with generosity
128. humble
marked by meekness or modesty;
not arrogant or prideful
129. humorous
characterized by the power to
evoke laughter
130. ignorant
uneducated in general; lacking
knowledge or sophistication
131. ill-bred
(of persons) lacking in refinement
or grace


132. imaginative
marked by independence and
creativity in thought or action
133. immaculate
completely neat and clean
134. immature
not yet fully developed
135. impartial
free from undue bias or
preconceived opinions
136. impatient
restless or short -tempered under
delay or opposition
137. impolite
not showing regard for others in
manners, speech, or conduc t
138. impudent
improperly forward or bold
139. impulsive
without forethought
140. inactive
not engaged physically or mentally
141. independent
free from external control and
142. industrious
characterized by hard work and
143. amenable
disposed or willing to comply
144. innocent
free from sin
145. insipid
lacking interest or significance or
146. insistent
demanding attention
147. insolent
marked by casual disrespect
148. intelligent
having the capacity for thought
and reason to a high degree
149. intrepid
invulnerable to fear or intimidation
150. jealous
suspicious or fearful of being
displaced by a rival
151. jovial
full of or showing high -spirited
152. joyous
full of or characterized by


153. keen
intense or sharp
154. lackadaisical
idle or indolent especially in a
dreamy way
155. languid
lacking spirit or liveliness
156. lazy
disinclined to work or exertion
157. lively
full of life and energy
158. logical
based on known statements or
events or conditions
159. lonely
lacking companions or
160. loquacious
full of trivial conversation
161. loving
feeling or showing love and
162. loyal
steadfast in allegiance or duty
163. lucky
having or bringing good fortune
164. malicious
having the nature of threatening
165. mature
having reached full natural growth
or development
166. mean
denote or connote
167. meticulous
marked by precise accordance
with details
168. mischievous
naughtily or annoyingly playful
169. moody
subject to sharply varying moods
170. mysterious
beyond ordinary understanding
171. naive
marked by or showing unaffected
172. negligent
characterized by undue lack of
attention or concern
173. nervous
of or relating to a system of
sensory apparatus
174. noisy


full of or characterized by loud and
nonmusical sounds
175. obedient
dutifully complying with the
commands of those in authority
176. obliging
showing a cheerful willingness to
do favors for others
177. obnoxious
causing disapproval or protest
178. obsequious
attempting to win favor fro m
influential people by flattery
179. observant
quick to notice; showing quick and
keen perception
180. obstinate
marked by tenacious
unwillingness to yield
181. opinionated
obstinate in your opinions
182. optimistic
hopeful that the best will happen in
the future
183. pandemonium
a state of extreme confusion and
184. peaceful
not disturbed by strife or turmoil or
185. pensive
deeply or seriously thoughtful
186. deserving
worthy of being treated in a
particular way
187. persistent
stubbornly unyielding
188. pessimistic
expecting the worst possible
189. petulant
easily irritated or annoyed
190. picky
exacting especially about details
191. pleasant
being in harmony with your taste
or likings
192. polite
showing regard for others in
manners, speech, behavior, etc.
193. pompous
puffed up with vanity
194. popular
regarded with great favor or
approval by the general public


195. positive
characterized by or displaying
affirmation or acceptance
196. precise
sharply exact or accurate or
197. proud
feeling self -respect, self -esteem,
or self -importance
198. punctual
acting or arriving exactly at the
time appointed
199. punctilious
marked by precise accordance
with details
200. puzzled
filled with bewilderment
201. quarrelsome
given to arguing
202. quick
moving rapidly and lightly
203. quiet
characterized by an absence of
agitation or activity
204. quixotic
not sensible about practical
205. rambunctious
noisy and lacking in restraint or
206. rash
imprudently incurring risk
207. rationa l
consistent with or based on or
using reason
208. refined
cultivated and genteel
209. reliable
worthy of trust
210. relieved
made easier to bear
211. religious
having or showing belief in and
reverence for a deity
212. respectful
exhibiting an attitude of admiration
or esteem
213. responsible
worthy of or requiring trust; held
214. responsive
reacting to a stimulus
215. restless


lacking physical or mental ease
216. retiring
of a person who has held and
relinquished a position
217. risk taker
someone who risks loss or injury
in the hope of gain or excitement
218. rowdy
disturbing the public peace; loud
and rough
219. rude
belonging to an early stage of
technical development
220. safe
free from danger or the risk of
221. sarcastic
expressing or expressive of
ridicule that wounds
222. satisfied
filled with contentment
223. saucy
improperly forward or bold
224. scar ed
made afraid
225. scornful
expressing extreme contempt
226. secretive
reluctant to divulge information
227. secure
free from danger or risk
228. sedate
characterized by dignity and
229. self -centered
limited to or caring only about
yourself and your own needs
230. selfish
concerned chiefly with your own
231. self -reliant
(of persons) free from external
control and constraint in e.g.
action and judgment
232. sensitive
responsive to physical stimuli
233. shrewd
marked by practical hardheaded
234. silly
ludicrous, foolish
235. sincere
open and genuine; not deceitful
236. skillful


having or showing knowledge,
ability, or aptitude
237. slovenly
negligent of neatness especially in
dress and person
238. sly
marked by skill in deception
239. smart
characte rized by quickness and
ease in learning
240. sneaky
marked by quiet and caution and
241. snobbish
characteristic of those who incline
to social exclusiveness
242. sociable
inclined to or conducive to
companionship with others
243. steady
securely in position; not shaky
244. stingy
unwilling to spend
245. stolid
having or revealing little emotion
or sensibility
246. strange
unusual or out of the ordinary
247. strict
rigidly accurate; allowing no
deviation from a standard
248. stubborn
tenaciously unwilling to yield
249. studious
characterized by diligent learning
and fondness for reading
250. stupid
lacking or marked by lack of
intellectual acuity
251. suave
having a sophisticated charm
252. sullen
showing a brooding ill humor
253. superc ilious
having or showing arrogant
disdain or haughtiness
254. superstitious
showing faith in magic and
ignorance of the laws of nature
255. surly
unfriendly and inclined toward
anger or irritation
256. suspicious


openly distrustful and unwilling to
257. sweet
having or denoting the
characteristic taste of sugar
258. taciturn
habitually reserved and
unc ommunicative
259. tactful
having a sense of what is
considerate in dealing with others
260. talented
endowed with talent or talents
261. talkative
friendly and open and willing to
262. tasteful
in keeping with what is considered
appropriate and stylish
263. tenacious
stubbornly unyielding
264. tense
taut or rigid; stretched tight
265. terrified
thrown into a state of intense fear
or desperation
266. thankful
feeling or showing gratitude
267. thoughtful
exhibiting or characterized by
careful consideration
268. thoughtless
showing lack of careful thought
269. thrifty
mindful of the future in spending
270. timid
showing fear and lack of courage
271. tolerant
showing or characterized by
broad -mindedness
272. touchy
difficult to handle; requiring great
273. trusting
inclined to believe or confide
274. trustworthy
worthy of trust or belief
275. uncon trolled
not being under control; out of
276. uncouth


lacking refinement or cultivation or
277. unfriendly
not friendly
278. unruly
unable to be governed or
279. unscrupulous
without principles
280. unselfish
disregarding your own advantages
and welfare over those of others
281. upset
cause to lose one's composure
282. useful
having a helpful function
283. valiant
having or showing heroism or
284. versatile
having great diversity or variety
285. vivacious
vigorous and animated
286. vulgar
of or associated with the great
masses of people
287. warm
having or producing a comfortable
and agreeable degree of heat or
imparting or maintaining heat
288. warmhearted
marked by warmth of feeling like
kindness and sympathy and
289. weak
wanting in physical strength
290. whimsical
determined by chance or impulse
rather than by necessity
291. wise
having intelligence and
292. witty
combining clever conception and
facetious expression
293. worried
afflicted with or marked by anxious
uneasiness or trouble
294. xenophobic
having a bnormal fear or hatred of
the strange or foreign
295. yearning
prolonged unfulfilled desire or
296. zany


ludicrous or foolish
297. zippy
quick and energetic
298. zealous
marked by active interest and
299. bold
fearless and daring
300. carefree
without trouble or worry
301. caring
feeling and exhibiting concern and
empathy for others
302. creative
having the ability or power to
invent or make something
303. dainty
something considered choice to
304. demanding
requiring more than usually
expected or thought due
305. disagreeable
not being in accord with your
tastes or expectations
306. dreamer
someone who is dreaming
307. fighter
someone who fights (or is fighting)
308. handsome
pleasing in appearance
309. hardworking
characterized by hard work and
310. inventive
marked by independence and
creativity in thought or action
311. joyful
full of or producing great
312. leader
a person who rules or guides or
inspires others
313. lovable
having characteristics that attract
love or affection
314. mannerly
socially correct in behavior
315. messy
dirty and disorderly
316. neat
clean or organized
317. patriotic


inspired by love for your country
318. sad
exper iencing or showing sorrow or
319. self -confident
showing poise and assurance in
your own worth
320. serious
of great conseq uence
321. shy
timid and lacking self -confidence
322. successful
having succeeded or being
marked by a favorable outcome
323. wild
in a natural state; not tamed or
domesticated or cultivated
324. adaptable
capable of fitting a particular
situation or use
325. available
obtainable or accessible and
ready for use or service
326. consistent
the same throughout in structure
or composition
327. deference
courteous regard for people's
328. forgiving
inclined or able to forgive and
show mercy
329. kind
having a tender and considerate
and helpful nature
330. meek
humble in spirit or manner
331. prudent
marked by sound judgment
332. resour ceful
adroit or imaginative
333. submissive
inclined or willing to give in to
orders or wishes of others
334. thorough
painstakingly caref ul and accurate
335. appreciative
having or showing a favorable
critical judgment or opinion
336. committed
bound or obligated, as under a
pledge to a cause or action
337. contented


satisfied or showing satisfaction
with things as they are
338. creative
having the ability or power to
invent or make something
339. discerning
having or revealing keen insight
and good judgment
340. equitable
fair to all parties as dictated by
reason and conscience
341. integrity
an undivided or unbroken
completeness with nothing
wan ting
342. lovable
having characteristics that attract
love or affection
343. merciful
showing or giving forgiveness
344. patient
enduring trying circumstances with
even temper
345. self -control
the act of denying yourself
346. truthful
expressing or given to expressing
the truth
347. flexible
able to bend easily
348. peaceful
not disturbed by strife or turmoil or
349. persuasive
intended or having the power to
induce action or belief
350. purposeful
serving as or indicating the existence of
a goal
351. sincere
open and genuine; not deceitful
352. temperate
not extreme
353. virtuous
morally excellent


Family Members
Different Generations
Masculine Feminine
Great -great grandfather Great -great grandmother
Great grandfather Great grandmother
Grandfather Grandmother
Father Mother
Son Daughter
Grandson Granddaughter
Great grandson Great granddaughter
Great -great grandson Great -great granddaughter
Relatives and Extended Family
grandparents: the parents of your parents
grandfather: the father of your father/mother
grandmother: the mother of your father/mother
grandchildren: the children of your children
grandson: the son of one of your children
granddaughter: the daughter of one of your children
great grandfather: the father of your grandfather/grandmother
great grandmother: the mother of your grandfather/grandmother
uncle: the brother (or brother -in -law) of your mother/father
aunt: the sister (or sister -in -law)of your mother/father
cousin: the child of your aunt/uncle


nephew: the male child of your brother/sister
niece: the female child of your brother/sister
The In -Laws
The in -laws are the members of the family of your spouse (the person you
are married to) or via a marriage in your family:
father -in -law: the father of your spouse
mother -in -law: the mother of your spouse
son -in -law: the husband of your daughter
daughter -in -law: the wife of your son
brother -in -law: the husband of your sister
sister -in -law: the wife of your brother
Note: To refer to more than one brother -in -law or sister -in -law etc. we has
an S to the brother/sister part.
e.g. My brother s-in -law are fun. My sister s-in -laws are crazy.
The Family Mix
Nowadays in many countries a person can get married more than once.
These are the terms used to describe the "new" members of the family
when someone gets remarried.
"Step -" means that you are related as a result of one parent marrying again

stepfather: the (new) husband of your mother but not your biological
stepmother: the (new) wife of your father but not your biological mother
stepson: the son of your (new) husband / wife (he is not your biological
stepdaughter: the daughter of your (new) husband / wife (she is not your
biological daughter)
stepsister: the daughter of your stepmother or stepfather
stepbrother: the son of your stepmother or stepfather
Sometimes one of your parents gets married again and they have more
children. There


half -brother: the brot her you have only one parent in common with .
half -sister: the sister you only have one parent in common with.
Even if your parent didn't get married (and had the child outside of
marriage), they are still your half -brother or half -sister.
However, note that it is common to still call your half -brother or half -sister
just your brother or sister (without adding the half - part).

Communicati on
1. nonverbal
not using spoken or written language to communicate
Identify effective and ineffective verbal
and nonverbal communication skills.
2. job candidate
an applicant who is being considered for a job
What impression do you get of this job candidate based on the
way she communicates in her phone message?
3. computerize
provide with computers
For example, in the next few months a
new computerized cashiering system could be installed in the
store at which you work.
4. facial expression
a gesture executed with the facial muscles


Could you tell that person was angry just by looking at his or
her facial expression ?
5. sender
someone who transmits a message
barrier anything that interferes with a message being sent or
communication an exchange of information
nonverbal not involving words an d language
receiver the person who receives a message
sender the person who creates
6. oral communication
(language) communication by word of mouth
A manager may not be inclined to h ire an employee with
poor oral communication skills.
7. eye contact
contact that occurs when two people look directly at each other
In the workplace, your posture and eye contact can send co -
workers a message.
8. workplace
a place where work is done
What are some workplace barriers that affect communication?
9. communication
the activity of conveying information
Communication Skills


Imagine that you have been applying for jobs all over town, and
you finally get called for an interview.
10. co -worker
an associate that one is employed with
In the workplace, your posture and eye contac t can send co -
workers a message.
11. send a message
give or constitute a signal, not necessarily verbally
When you communicate, you may send a message , or you may
receive a message.
12. ineffective
not producing an intended consequence
Identify effective and ineffective verbal and nonverbal
communication skills.
13. body language
communication via the movements or attitudes of the body
Nonverbal communication includes: gestures, facial expressions,
and body language .
14. phone message
a message transmitted by telephone
What impression do you get of this job candidate based on the
way she communicates in her phone message ?
15. facia l
of or concerning the front of the head


Could you tell that person was angry just by looking at his or
her facial expression?
16. barrier
a structure or object that impedes free movement
You will accomplish the following during this lesson:

Identify barriers to communication.
17. message
a communication that is written or spoken or signaled
barrier anything that interferes with a message being sent or
communication an exchange of information
nonverbal not involving words and language
receiver the person who receives a message
sender the person who creates
18. receiver
a person who receives something
barrier anything that interferes with a message being sent or
communication an exchange of information
nonverbal not invo lving words and language
receiver the person who receives a message
sender the person who creates
19. verbal
of or relating to or formed from words in general


Identify effective and ineffective verbal and nonverbal
communication skills.
20. effective
producing or capable of producing an intended result
This lesson will focus on effective communication skills.
21. teamwork
cooperative labor done by a group
Effective communication can increase trust, promote teamwork ,
increase respect, and boost efficiency in the workplace.
22. spoken word
a word that is spoken aloud
It can also sometimes be harder to understand spoken
words over a telephone.
23. face -to -face
directly facing each other
Verbal and Nonverbal Communication

When words are exchanged, for example in a phone
conversation, a face -to -face conversation, a letter, or an e -mail,
the communication is considered verbal.
24. two -way
involving two parts or elements
Barriers to Communication

Having a clear, two -way exchange of information isn't always as
easy as it sounds.


25. activated
rendered acti ve
If clear communication does not occur before this new system
is activated , this change could bring business to a halt when it
becomes clear that the employees are unprepared to use it.
26. confus e
mistake one thing for another
Some barriers might be caused by the sender, such as content that
is conflicting or confusing , a choice words or language that may
be difficult to understand, or an accent or unfamiliar dialect.
27. communicate
transfer to another
When you communicate , you may send a message, or you may
receive a message.
28. distract
draw someone 's attention away from something
Other barriers may be caused by the receiver, such as
being distracted or inattentive.
29. inattentive
showing a lack of awareness, concentration, or care
Other barriers may be caused by the receiver, such as being
distracted or inattentive .
30. verbally
by means of language


This means that more information is communicated nonverbally
than verbally .
31. organize
arrange by systematic planning and united effort
Beginning with a clear message that is logical, organized , and easy
to understand is a good first step.
32. interfere
get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action
barrier anything that interferes with a message being sent or
communication an exchange of information
nonverbal not involving words and language
receiver the person who receives a message
sender the person who creates
33. make sense
be reasonable or logical or comprehensible
The receiver may not have the knowledge or information to make
sense of the message.
34. involve
contain as a part
barrier anything that interferes with a message being sent or
communication an exchange of information
nonverbal not involving words and language
receiver the person who receives a message
sender the person who creates


35. highlight
an area of l ightness in a picture
Employees must be told when the new system will be in place and
what the highlights of the new system are.
36. install
set up for use
For example, in the next few months a new c omputerized cashiering
system could be installed in the store at which you work.
37. interactive
capable of influencing each other
If the receiver then replies with a new message, this communica tion
has become interactive .
38. compose
form the substance of
barrier anything that interferes with a message being sent or
communication an exchange of information
nonverbal not involving words and language
receiver the person who receives a message
sender the person who creates or
39. interview
the questioning of a person ; often conducted by journalists
Communication Skills

Imagine that you have been applying for jobs all over town, and
you finally get called for an interview .


40. posture
the arrangement of the body and its limbs
In the workplace, your posture and eye contact can send co -
workers a message.


1. Money Magnifies
Who You Already Are

By Merja Sumiloff
2016 -10 -20


Many people spend their lives thinking of all the things they could do, or how much
better their lives would be if only they had more money. They allow this sense of a lack
of money to dictate the reason they never strive for what they really want in life, and it is
common among the modern human population to cite a lack of money as one of their
main reason s for not being happy. Societal pressures, such as the media, have
conditioned us to believe that money is the best way to solve most of our problems.
Have you ever heard a person say ‘just throw some money at the issue’? We genuinely
think that money solv es our problems, but what we don’t realise is that money is just
another form of resource: it doesn’t define or change you, instead it magnifies who you
already are.
Money in and of itself does not make anyone truly good or bad. Instead it works like an
am plifier of your current character. So, with money, selfish people become more selfish,
and generous people become more giving. People who are kind become kinder, and
people who are cruel become even more so. The happy become even happier and the
sad people become more miserable. Money is a resource of life, an amplifying energy
that expands you as you already are.
When people say that money is the root of all evil, the more accurate conclusion is that
the evil already exists and that money will feed the evi l. The same is true for time. If you
have an unhealthy relationship with time, suddenly having more of it won’t allow you to
achieve what you say you want to achieve. Instead, it will fuel whatever is already
present. If you use your time and money wisely, they can help you live a better life. If
you are careless with them, they can destroy your life and who you are as a person. As
the saying goes: money can be a good servant or a sadistic master, the choice is
ultimately yours.
In this sense, the evil we a re referring to is the character trait that we wish to adjust,
such as a fear of intimacy, neediness or lack of confidence. These are all issues that
can be remedied and transformed with appropriate self -parenting. If you refuse to self -
parent, and you ref use to take responsibility for your own feelings or your personal
growth, your financial situation will readily reflect this back to you in the form of
emotional spending or an inability to make more money than you spend.
For example, if you are a self con fessed ‘shopaholic’ then it doesn’t matter how much
money you have, you will always find a way to spend it. If you are a compulsive gambler


then you will just keep raising your bids higher and higher in relation to that amount of
money that you have. So in a way it doesn’t really matter how much money you make
because if you do not have healthy boundaries with your inner child, then you’re always
going to live above your means.
Money will never solve your personal issues; personal growth will. Money will ne ver
repair a poor character; self responsibility and accountability will. Money will not buy you
good manners, loyal friends, a loving family, romantic love, patience, confidence,
security, peace of mind, or wisdom; it is your decision to master your life and shed light
on your dark spaces that will do it. Money will not solve your insecurities, anger,
impatience, lack of self confidence or bad attitude; self parenting solves these
So, where to start? Here are a few practical tips in relation to money:
1. Save 1% of all your income. Put it aside immediately when it comes in, and use this
commitment to saving money to learn, restore and confirm your self respect. Everyone
can afford 1% – if you can’t then you need to rebudget and cut down on your
unnecessary purchases, or “wants”. Once you solidify yourself at the 1% increase it to
2, 3, 5 etc. By looking at the number in the account you are witnessing your change in
real time.
2. Have patience with yourself : this is not a one -off event. Commit to this exercise for
3 months, and then organise some small reward for yourself (within your budget, of
3. If you fail, it does not mean that you as a person are a failure , but that you failed
at this particular exercise. Separa te the behaviour from the person and recommit to
another 3 months.
4. At the end of the 3 months, review your situation and make another commitment,
maybe with an increased percentage or increased amount of time.
Similarly for time:
Again, put aside 1% of your day to focus on the activities that will help you achieve your
goals. That works out as only 15 minutes in a day. Find that time, whether it means
getting out of bed 15 minutes earlier, dedicating a section of your lunch break, giving up
a TV show or some social media time. Find that time in your day and book it in your
diary! Mark it down like


you would a medical appointment! As with money, commit to this exercise for 3 months,
and repeat.
After all, you are your own biggest asset when it comes to tim e, health, wealth and
happiness. Make sure that you make your precious life on this earth matter FOR YOU.
Invest in the development of your character. Make the most of your time here.
What will you be remembered for?


2. A Feeler’s Dilemma
Accepting Feelings

By Charis Branson
2016 -09 -08

A little less than two years ago I found out I was a Feeler. For years I prided myself on
the fact that I was a pragmatic Thinker that didn’t have time for all that emotional
mumbo -jumbo. When in the company of women who randomly burst into tears, I would
study them like a bug under a microscope. I viewed emotions as a weakness and a
waste of valuable time.


The Thinker Advantage
I believe that society, in general, gives greater honor and respect to Thinkers over
Feelers. Many of us get the message that Feelers can’t be trusted to fulfill their
obligations because they may become a blubbering pile of goo at any moment. Once
the blu bbering begins, all productivity is awash.
Just to demonstrate this theory, I looked up Feeler in the Urban Dictionary:
Noun; Someone who feels that he or she is very important when, in fact, he or she is
“Person 1: OMG! Did you see how Kate acted at Matt’s party?!
Person 2: I KNOW! She’s such a feeler.”
A schoolyard word children use when name calling one another in that immature growth
period of around 7-10 years:
‘You are such a feeler.’
‘Get away from me you feeler.’
‘Amanda Owens is such a feeler! ’
Yes, I know it’s the Urban Dictionary, but it nicely demonstrates my point that there is a
belief out there that Feelers can’t be trusted to be consistently rational.
I swallowed that view hook, line, and sinker. When I found out I was an INFJ, I was not
pleased to be just another female Feeler. “Does that mean I have to hang out with
gaggles of women and weep into my wine glass every time my husband forgets to buy
me flowers?” This thought literally passed through my head.
Feelings Buried Alive Never Die
As you see, finding out I was a Feeler traumatized me a bit – yet it didn’t. It explained so
much of who I am and why I struggled to deny feelings that kept resurfacing. I started to
give myself permission to be as overwrought as I needed (or wanted) to be. I could get
pissed off if my husband forgot Valentine’s Day, even if it was only a ruse to get a
bigger box of chocolates. And I had the ability to empathize with others without worrying
about my pragmatic facade.

In the last two years, I learned that the reason I struggled with personal growth was due
to my inability to process the emotions that kept coming up. Feelings buried alive never
die; they just keep festering. A festering wound puts a burden on the whole system.


I view life as a video game wit h multiple levels. You can’t level up in a video game until
you successfully conquer all the challenges in the preceding level. By burying every bit
of trauma and grief that I had ever experienced, I prevented myself from leveling up.
Basically, I kept shooting myself in the foot. I thought it made people respect me more
when I kept myself under tight control. In reality though, I was a limping, festering,
anxiety -ridden pile of goo with a mask of Spock -like indifference. Did I at least have the
respect of others for my cold indifference? Not really. One friend called me a neurotic
mess. And another said I clearly needed to get laid.
After settling into the reality of being a Feeler, the floodgates opened and all the stuff I
had kept buried resurfaced. M y thoughts on a daily basis were, “I don’t know what’s
wrong with me! I’m freaking out!” I think my INTJ husband may have developed a facial
twitch during this time.
Then I decided to take a more proactive approach to my feelings. Instead of just riding
th e waves of emotion and rolling over like a rudderless boat, I took control of the sails
and navigated the rough waters with intention. (See my video here for specifics a s to
how I did this.)
Once I started working through the emotions as they came up, I began to heal. No
longer did I feel one step away from total annihilation. The desire to go out into an
empty field and shriek until I could shriek no more went away. I co uld deal with the
emotions of others in a healthy way because I knew how to address my own with grace.
The mask fell away, and the real me started to show through.
So, what have feelings done for me:
1. They have helped me heal.
2. They have helped me grow.
3. They have helped me deal with the emotions of others with empathy.
4. Developing emotional intelligence helps me navigate the world of emotions without fear
and dread. I have gained the knowledge that whatever comes my way will be handled,
which helps me gain confidence in my coping abilities.
Some Ideas For Working Through
So, now that I have regaled you with the horrors of my emotional awakening have I only
managed to reinforce the belief that Feelers are unstable?


If so, you aren’t seeing the whole picture. All the hangups I have battled over the last
few decades were a direct result of not acknowledging my emotional needs and
processing them efficiently. I firmly bought into the belief that Feelers were second class
citizens, so I denied myself the emotional expression I needed. Unprocessed and
misunderstood emotion got locked inside me and prevented me from actually becoming
a stable, mature, confident adult.
So, when a Feeler is having a meltdown or can’t make a decision because of a
withering lac k of self -confidence, the worst thing you can do is tell them to “Get a hold of
themselves,” thereby giving them the indication that their feelings are a messy waste of
Thinkers and Feelers alike need to acknowledge the importance of emotions when they
arise and get them out into the light of day. Analyze the feeling. Journal about it. Ask
yourself why you are feeling it. Study it from every angle. Dissect it like an insect in
Biology class.
Does that sound too technical for someone who is in the grip ? Trust me, it works. It
allows you to immerse yourself in the emotion and explore it thoroughly. Often, this
action alone will help process long held pain points. It’s also beneficial to step outside
the emotion and see it objectively. Is this an emotion carried over from childhood? Is it
simply part of my ego and is it necessary? Or can I let this one go? Is this an emotion I
have picked up somewhere? Is it really mine and is it serving me well?
Sometimes I will imagine myself holding the emotion in my hand like an orb. All the stuff
attached to the

emotion is trapped inside the orb. I study it with interest, then when I decide it is time to
let it go I picture myself blowing on it. Does it pop? Or simply float away? That’s up to
you. Choose your own a dventure.


The world needs Feelers. Imagine how barren our world would be without the nurturing
capacity of Feelers. Think of the people in your life who have cried with you, held your
hand when you were experiencing a terrible time or talked you through a major crisis.
I’m not saying Thinkers can’t or won’t do those things. I’m just saying that it is usually
the Feelers of the world who are on the lookout for someone in emotional need. And
when they find them, they provide the necessary service to guarantee our society
maintains a measure of empathy and compassion.
Feelers can, and have, brought amazing things to this world. If you are a Feeler, give
yourself permission to work through your emotions instead of bottling them up. If you
are a Thinker, give the Feelers in your life the space and time they need to process
emotions when they come up.
A Feeler on their A-Game, unburdened by the festering wounds of buried emotion, can
get to a place where Feelings become a superpower. They know the importance of
them, but they also can recognize when someone is using them poorly. They will
support you all day if you are working through something, and they will tell you what you
need to do if you are spending too much time wallowing or playing the victim. The
emotionally mature Feeler is a rock. Completely stable and totally reliable. A place to
rest into when the world dissolves into chaos.


Used Sources:

P.s. Make sure you learn and utilize words and
collocations in these articles.