bach_ngoc_a_collection_of_100_ielts_speaking_topics

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Written by Ngoc Bach
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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 1 NGOC BACH. A COLLECTION OF 100 IELTS
SPEAKING TOPICS 1. Describe a foreign country you would like to go to. ................................ ................................ ... 5
2. Describe a gift tha t you recently gave to others ................................ ................................ ......... 7
3. Describe an interest ing song ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 8
4. Describe a creative inventor or musician ................................ ................................ ................. 10
5. An Interesting Animal ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 12
6. A Meal You Had With Your Friends ................................ ................................ ......................... 14
7. Describe a small business that you would like to open, (or, start or run or own or have) if you
had the chance. ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 16
8. Describe a time you needed to use imagination ................................ ................................ ......... 18
9. Describe what you think would be the perfect job for you. ................................ ....................... 20
10. Describe a magazine or newspaper that you like to (or, often) read. ................................ ......... 22
11. Describe a sport stadium that’s important in your city. ................................ ............................. 23
12. Describe an important holiday (or festival) that is celebrated in your country. ......................... 24
13. Describe a difficult decision that you made. ................................ ................................ ............. 26
14. Describe a place you have visited that has been affected by pollution. ................................ .... 27
15. Describe a produ ct you bought that you were (or, are) happy with. ................................ ......... 28
16. Describe a person (you know), much older than you, who you admire. ................................ ... 30
17. Describe a television program that you like to watch. ................................ .............................. 31
18. A Good Friend ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 32
19. Describe a good part of your personality or character. ................................ .............................. 34
20. Describe a happy family event from your childhood. ................................ ............................... 35
21. Describe a time when someone apologized to you. ................................ ................................ .. 38
22. Describe a story or novel you have (recently) read that you found particularly interesting. ... 39
23. Describe some local news that people in your locality interested in. ................................ ....... 40
24. Describe the first time you used a foreign language to communicate. ................................ ..... 42
25. Describe an occasion when you helped someone. ................................ ................................ .... 43

Written by Ngoc Bach
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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 2

26. Describe a useful app or computer program that you have used. ................................ ............ 45
27. Describe a garden you visited and like. ................................ ................................ .................... 46
28. Describe an area of subject that you are interested in (such as physics, mathematics) ........... 48
29. A Sport You Have Learned ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 50
30. Describe a wild animal ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 51
31. Describe a time when you were very busy. ................................ ................................ ............. 53
32. Describe a new skill you would like to learn. ................................ ................................ ........... 54
33. Describe a short holiday (vacation) that was special for you. ................................ ................... 56
34. Describe an activity you do for your health or fitness. ................................ ............................. 58
35. Describe an antique or some other old thing that your family has kept for a long time. .......... 60
36. Describe a time when you made a mistake. ................................ ................................ .............. 63
37. Describe a time when the weather caused you to change your plan. ................................ ........ 64
38, 39. Describe a situation (or time) when you received some useful advice./Describe an important
conversation that you had with someone. ................................ ................................ ............................. 66
40, 41. Describe a street that you like to visit./Describe what you would do if you had a day off, free
from work or study. ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................... 68
42, 43. Describe a person you were friendly to, although you did not really like them (him or
her)/Describe an experience you had as a member of a team. ................................ .............................. 70
44. Describe an outdoor activity you like to do ................................ ................................ ............ 72
45. Describe an advertisement you have seen. ................................ ................................ ................ 74
46. Describe a website that you like to visit. ................................ ................................ .................. 76
47. Describe a big company that you would like to work in. ................................ .......................... 77
48. Describe something that you have shared with others (or another person) .............................. 79
49. Describe a photograph in your home. ................................ ................................ ....................... 82
50, 51, 52. Describe a place where you read and write (not your home) /Describe a café restaurant that
you like (to go to)./Describe a place where you (usuall y / often) go to relax. (Not your home) .......... 84
53, 54. Describe an occasion when you got up very early./Describe a long car journey you went on . 88
55. Describe an indoor game that you liked to play when you were a child ................................ ... 91
56, 57. Describe a change that you think would improve your local area/Describe a law about
the environment that you would like to see. ................................ ................................ ......................... 92
58, 59. Describe an historic building that you have visited./Describe a long walk that you went on ... 95

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60, 61, 62. Describe a person you know who dresses well/ Describe a person you know who speaks a
second (or foreign) language well. /Describe a person (you kn ow) who travels a lot by plane. .......... 97
63. Describe the member of your family who you spend the most time with. ............................... 99
64. Describe a wedding that you have attended. ................................ ................................ ........... 101
65. Describe a time when you tried a new food for the first time. ................................ ................ 103
66. Describe an occasion when you were surprised to meet someone you know. ........................ 105
Describe an occasion when you unexpectedly met someone you know. ................................ ............ 105
67. Describe a time when you waited for (or, had to wait for) something (or someone). ............. 106
68. Describe someone or something that made a lot of noise. ................................ ...................... 108
69. Describe a bicycle/motorbike/car trip that is interesting ................................ ....................... 110
70. Describe a film you watched at home or in a cinema. ................................ ............................ 112
71. Describe a (recent) time when you looked at the sky (either day or night) ............................ 115
72. Describe a recent event (or something you did) that made you happy. ................................ .. 118
73. A Polluted Place ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 120
74. Describe a piece of good news that you received. ................................ ................................ .. 121
75 . Describe something special that you saved money to buy. ................................ ..................... 123
76. Describe a situation that made you a little angry. ................................ ................................ ... 124
77. Describe your favourite season or time of the year. ................................ ................................ 126
78. Describe someone you know who recently moved to new accommodation. .......................... 128
79. The First Time You Used a Foreign Language ................................ ................................ ....... 130
80. Describe a free -time activity that you like to do after you have finished your study or work. 131
81, 82, 83. Describe an educational TV program that you have seen./ Describe a new skill you would
like to learn /(Something that yo u cannot do now) /Describe an art or craft activity that you did at
school. ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. 134
84. Describe a famous person in your country ................................ ................................ ............. 136
85. Describe an article you read in a magazine or on the internet about healthy living. .............. 138
86. Describe a time you missed an important appointment for something ................................ ... 140
87. Describe a team project for study or entertainment ................................ ................................ 141
88. Describe a place in other countries where you would like to work ................................ ........ 142
89. Describe an interesting public place in your hometown, or where you are living now, that you
like to go to ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 143

Written by Ngoc Bach
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90. Describe an item that you received and made you happy ................................ ....................... 145
91. Describe an item of electronic equipment that you would like to have. ................................ . 147
92, 93. Describe a time when you forgot something important/Describe a time when you borrowed
something. ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 148
94. Describe a place with a lot of water (such as a river, a lake or the ocean) that you enjoyed
visiting. ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 150
95. Describe a family (not your own family) that you like. ................................ .......................... 152
96, 97. Describe a person you know whose job is important to society/Describe someone in the news
who you would like to meet. ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 153
98. A Childhood Toy ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 155
99. Describe a skill you learned when you were a child. ................................ .............................. 157
100. Describe a short trip that you frequently make (or, take) but dis like. ................................ ..... 158

Written by Ngoc Bach
Đ ể c ậ p nh ậ t các bài vi ế t m ớ i khi có - > truy c ậ p website ngocbach.com
Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 5 INTRODUCTION

Hi guV,
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There are 100 cue cards including samples of 8.0 ~ 9.0 band samples
written bPH UHYLHZHGE native examiners) for 100 different topics of
IELTS Speaking covering almost all contexts. You can use this document
to prepare answers to current questions. All of these examples come with
explanations and detailed examples of good vocabularLQWKHVFULSt
This document is also part of the free set of ‘FULL IELTS GUIDE 2017
BY NGOCBACH” .You can see the original link on the IELTS Ngoc
Bach group here:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/
permalink/1951695464901106/ Or on ngocbach.com website here
http://ngocbach.com/chuHQBPXFYLHZ1JRF%DFKV-
IELTS-Ebook.html New documents, if anZLOOEHXSGDWHGRQWKHVHWZROLQNV3OHDVHIROORZRU
share on facebook to follow along
Wish RXDOOJRRGVWXG !
-N
gọc Bách-

Written by Ngoc Bach
Đ ể c ậ p nh ậ t các bài vi ế t m ớ i khi có - > truy c ậ p website ngocbach.com
Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 6 1. Describe a foreign country you would like to go to. ( A country you have not been
to yet)
You should say:
what country it is (including where it is in the world)
what this country is like
what people can do in this country
and explain why you would like to go to this country.
There are so many countries that I have not had a chance to go to, but one of those that I
would like to visit in my upcoming trip is Myanmar.
It is located in Sou th East Asia. The country is like Thailand 25 years ago, before shopping
malls, and fastfood chains expanded in the country. Thus it remains rustic and traditional
compared to the modern world.
The people here are said to be friendly; they are willing to go out of their way to show you
around and they are very keen on practicing their English skills. Myanmar is famous for its
ancient city named Bagan, with more than 3,000 temples which date back to the 11 th
century.
I would particulary love to see the Shwedagon Pagoda. It is considered to be the greatest and
most sacred Buddhist temple in the country. The entire structure, which dates back 2,500
years, is covered with hundreds of gold plates.
Since the cou ntry has just been opened up to the outside world, it still keeps the originality of
its culture. That’s why I want to go there, to experience the country and the people before
globalization changes everything.
VOCABULARY
✓ fastfood chain : [noun] a network of restaurants like McDonald’s, which you can
find in many different places, serving food such as burgers and fries.
✓ rustic: [adjective] simple and typical of the countryside.
Example: The old church in the small village had a rustic appearance.
✓ go o ut of their way to: [verb phrase] to make a special effort to do something.

Written by Ngoc Bach
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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 7 Example: The teacher went out of her way to help the students, giving free classes before
the exams.
✓ show someone around: [verb phrase] to be a guide for somebody when they visit a
new place and to show them what is interesting.
Example: We were shown around the school by one of the students.
✓ sacred : [adjective] connected with a god , and considered to be holy.
Example: In Islam, Mecca is a sacred city.
✓ opened up: [phrasal verb] possible to be visited.
Example: The railways opened up many remote parts of the country.
✓ globalization: [noun] the process by which places become similar to each other all
over the world.
Example: You can now buy burgers in fastfood restaurants like McDonald’s all over the
world, as a result of globalization .
1. Describe a gift that you recently gave to others
You should say:
When it happened
Who you gave it to
What gift you gave to the person
And explain why you gave this gift to others
ANSWER (Trích từ đề “ Describe a gift RXJDYHWKDWWRRNDORQJWLPHWRFKRRVH)
Choosing a gift for someone is usually a very difficult task, because you want to make sure
that the person who receives it will like it. For that reason , I always spend a lot of time
picking gifts for my relatives and friends. Today, I am going to share with you the time when
I had to choose a gift for mOLWWOHVLVWHUVELUWKGDy .
It was her 5th birthday and I wanted to give her something memorable and s pecial. I
decided to go to a “Build - a - bear workshop” to buy her a stuffed bear . At this shop , you
actually spend time picking materials to build your furry friend, from the cotton inside to
the clothes outside . You also got to give this teddy bear a heart and a voice recorder , so
that when you squeezed it, it would say whatever you recorded before. After finishing

Written by Ngoc Bach
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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 8 building the stuffed toy, the store would give him or her a birth certificate with a name and
birthday.
My little sister was so happy when she re ceived the bear. Well, kids always love a furry
friend anyway. However, what was special was that as she grew up , she understood how
much love I had put in the bear when building it for her at the store, so she came to appreciate
the gift even more .
VOCAB ULARY
✓ pick : [verb] to choose something from a group of things.
Example: The man picked a blue tie from the collection in the shop.
✓ memorable: [adjective] something special, good or unusual and therefore easy to
remember.
Example: I will never forget th e memorable holiday that I had in Japan.
✓ workshop: [noun] a place where you can do a practical activity to create something.
Example: As a student, I attended drama workshops, because I had always loved acting.
✓ stuffed bear: [noun] a toy in the shape o f a bear, filled with cloth and made of some soft
material.
Example: When I was a child, I had a stuffed bear, which I used to keep in my bedroom.
✓ furry: [adjective] covered with fur – a soft thick mass of hair that grows on the body of
some animals.
Example: People love pandas because they are so furry, with thick black and white fur all
over their
body.
✓ get to (+ infinitive): [phrasal verb] to be allowed to do something.
Example: When we visited the football stadium, we got to meet some of the famo us players.
✓ teddy bear: [noun] this is just another name for a stuffed toy bear.
✓ squeeze: [verb] to press something firmly, especially with your fingers.
Example: Every time you clean your teeth, you squeeze the tube of toothpaste.
✓ appreciate: [verb] to recognise the good qualities in something or somebody.
Example: At school, I appreciated the help that I received from my teachers.
2. Describe an interesting song
You should say:
What kind of song it is

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 9 How you found it
What it is about
And explain why it is interesting to you
ANSWER (Trích từ đề “Describe a song that has special meaning for you”)
I love listening to music, so I like many songs. However, one of my favorite
songs that I want to talk about today is “Hall of Fame” by The Script and Will.i.am. This
song was written for the 2012 Olympic Games.
When it came out, it quickly became a hit on every single music chart throughout the world,
not just because of its catc hy melody , but also for its meaningful lyrics . The song talks
about how each of us can be a champion or anything we want to be as long as we dedicate
our time and efforts to doing what we are passionate about. The song is played at big
athletic events
to p ump up the crowd , but you can easily relate to the song at other times as well,
especially when you are about to give up.
I think this song has such a powerful message that whenever I was tired or had decided to
quit , it would lift me up right away. It ma de me think about why I had started in the first
place and that I needed to finish the job that I was currently doing.
VOCABULARY
✓ became a hit: when a song becomes a hit, it means that it is super popular and that people
are listening to it on the radio and buying it on iTunes or elsewhere.
Example: Taylor Swift’s song “Bad Blood” became a hit instantly.
✓ catchy melody: the melody is the part th at you sing along with and if it is catchy, it means
that it is easy to sing along with and people like it, you easily remember it and it sticks in
your mind.
Example: The song “Uptown Funk” has a catchy melody that people love to sing.
✓ meaningful lyric s: lyrics are the words in a song and if they are meaningful, it means that
they actually mean something or have some sort of importance or significance; they aren’t
just silly, meaningless words.
Example: His sister writes meaningful lyrics for her songs .
✓ champion: someone who wins, a winner.
Example: He didn‟t see himself as a champion until he had reached his goals.
✓ dedicate: to commit your time to doing something; to make a promise to yourself to do
something.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 10 Example: You were able to get a high score on the test because you dedicated 2 hours every
day to studying and preparing yourself.
✓ effort: the work that you put into doing something.
Example: The time and effort he spent improving his English paid off when he got a $10,000
raise.
✓ passio nate: if you are passionate about something it means you have a strong desire to do
something or a strong interest in something.
Example: Elite athletes are passionate about their sport and want to become the best.
✓ played at: to play a song at an event m eans to broadcast it over loudspeakers so everyone
can hear it.
Example: They always play the song “We Are the Champions” at basketball games.
✓ to pump up the crowd: to get the people excited about the game or event. Example: The
cheerleaders tried to pu mp up the crowd during the football game.
✓ relate to: to see yourself in something or to understand it in a personal way. Example: She
can relate to the lyrics of that song about love and loss.
✓ give up: to quit; to stop doing something.
Example: He dec ided to give up smoking after 10 years.
✓ quit: to stop doing something; to give up.
Example: She convinced her son not to quit the soccer team.
✓ lift me up or lift someone up: to make someone feel better.
Example: His brother is good at lifting others up when they are feeling down.
3. Describe a creative inventor or musician
You should say:
Who this person is
What this person does
how you knew this person
and explain why you think this person is creative
ANSWER
I am going to talk about a creative person who I really admire. That person is Albert Einstein
- one of the most well - known physics scientists in the world. He was born in 1879 in a Jewish
family in Germany.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 11 He was a theorical physicist and is now recognized as the father of modern physics. Above
all, he was the founder of the “Theory of Relativity ”, which became an important
contribution to the science of mankind. It was to be the biggest achievement of his life. In
1921, he was awarded the “Nobel Physics Prize”. He was a prolific writer an d published
about 300 scientific articles covering150 topics as well during his career.
I came across a new biography about him on the internet and there was a lot of interesting
information which really inspired me a lot. His childhood was not carefree a s I had thought.
He had a problem learning how to talk until he was about 8 years old. Besides, because of his
unconventional character, he tended to be bullied and teased a lot, however, he ignored all
these taunts and concentrated on doing experiments in the laboratory.
What I really admire him is how passionately he worked and what he contributed to physics
and our understanding of the world. He lived and worked with passion and the enthusiasm
all his life, and he is a shining example for me to follow.
VOCABULARY
✓ theoretical physicist: [noun] a person who studies some branch of physics, using
mathematical models to understand, explain and predict nature. This is in contrast to a
physicist who uses experiments to test ideas.
Example: People who study the world through building mathematical models are called
theoretical physicists .
✓ founder: [noun] a person who creates an organization, company or idea.
Example: Bill Gates is the founder of Microsoft.
✓ relativity: [noun] the word for how things only have importance in relation to other
things.
Example: Einstein’s Theory of Relativity says that the way that anything [except light]
moves through time and space depends on the position and movement of someone who is
watching.
✓ pr olific: [adjective] producing many written works.
Example: Picasso was a prolific artist who produced many paintings.
✓ came across: [phrasal verb] met or found something/someone by chance.
Example: While I was looking for my passport, I came across some old photos from my
schooldays.
✓ biography: [noun] the story of a person’s life written by another person.
Example: I have just read a new biography about the life of Shakespeare.

Written by Ngoc Bach
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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 12 ✓ inspired: [verb] gave me the confidence and enthusiasm to do something well.
Example: My father inspired me to follow his example and to study hard at school.
✓ carefree: [adjective] having no worries or problems.
Example: After she retired from work, she had a carefree life with no reponsibilies.
✓ unconventional: not following what is done or considered normal or acceptable by
most people.
Example: The normal solutions to traffic congestion have not been effective, so a more
unconventional approach is necessar y.
✓ bullied: [verb] frightened or hurt a weaker person.
Example: My son was bullied by the older boys at school.
✓ teased: [verb] laughed at somebody and made jokes about them – sometimes in an
unfriendly way.
Example: The boy was teased at school becau se he was fat.
✓ taunts: [noun] insulting remarks intended to make someone angry or upset.
Example: Racist taunts were often shouted at black football players in the past.
✓ shining example: [noun] excellent and inspiring example.
Example: President Obama is a shining example for young, black people in America who
want to have a successful career.
4. An Interesting Animal
Describe a time when you saw an interesting animal.
You should say:
what animal it was
where you saw it
what happened when you saw it
and explain why you thought it was interesting.
ANSWER:
I am raising an Alaska dog , which is a large breed of domestic dog. My dog has a double
coat: the undercoat is soft while the outer one is coarse and water - proof . Also, his coat has
two colors , black and white. In my opinion, his most attractive feature is the small upright
ears which are out of proportion to the head.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 13 Having had this dog for almost a year , I find him intriguing . He is very smart , so he learns
ev erything quickly. I once taught him how to fetch . Surprisingly enough , he successfully
chased and retrieved the object after I tossed it for the second time. He acted as if he had
intrinsically understood the game. He is also friendly to everyone, especially children .
Whenever someone visits my house, instead of barking , he welcomes them by licking their
feet.
For me , my dog is a friend I can play with after school. I often walk him around the park at
the weekends and he seems to like this , as t here are different dogs there. I also talk with him
regularly and I feel that he can understand what I say.
As a final point , I hope that my dog can live with me for a long time .
VOCABULARY:
✓ breed: [noun] an animal such as a dog, horse or cat that has been developed by
people in a controlled way.
Example: The airport police use a breed of dog which can smell hidden drugs in bags and
suitcases.
✓ coat: [noun] the fur or hair which covers the bod y of an animal.
Example: Some breeds of cows have a thick winter coat to protect against cold weather.
✓ coarse: [adjective] rough
Example: As a result of working on a construction site all his life, his hands were coarse .
✓ upright: [adjective] straight , not lying down or bent.
Example: My dog’s ears appear to be large, because they are upright and this helps him to
hear everything very well.
✓ intriguing: [adjective] interesting and unusual
Example: It is intriguing to see how my teacher explains things so clearly to the class.
✓ fetch: [verb] go to where something is and bring it back.

Written by Ngoc Bach
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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 14 Example: It started to rain, so I went back to the house to fetch the umbrella for me and my
wife.
✓ retrieved: [verb] to bring som ething back, especially from a place where it should
not be.
Example: The wind blew my hat into the road, so I quickly retrieved it before any cars
came.
✓ tossed it : threw it, but in no special direction.
Example: After he had read the newspaper, he toss ed it on to the ground.
✓ intrinsically : [adverb] in a way that was part of his real nature or character.
Example: I believed his story, because he is an intrinsically honest man.
✓ barking: [verb] the sound made by a dog.
Example: When the postman arriv ed, the dog started barking .
✓ licking: [verb] moving its tongue over someone or something.
Example: I saw the cat licking its whiskers after it had finished eating.
5. A Meal You Had With Your Friends
Describe a meal you had your friends (in someone's home or in a restaurant).
You should say:
who organized this meal
where you had it
what you talked about during the meal
what you ate and drank
and explain why you had this meal with your friends.
ANSWER:
Last month, I had a get - together with some of my high school friends whom I had not met
since we graduated. Then, we decided to have lunch at a well - known pizza restaurant in the
city centre.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 15 Arriving at the restaurant, we were quickly given the menu. What surprised me the most
was that there were various types of pizza and drinks; hence, it took me quite a long time to
choose the food. After that, we talked with each other while waiting for the dishes. Some of
my friends were studying at the same university, some had decided to get a jo b . And I was
especially impressed by the decision of one friend to take a gap year . She said that as she
had a strong passion for traveling, she would spend one year visiting lots of places .
Then , the dishes were served. The pizza was out - of - this - world and the drinks were tasty
although they were a bit pricey . We kept talking and enjoyed the meal and drinks for about
two hours. Actually , meeting them reminded me of the time when we studied at high school
and I realized that now we were all grown - up , we had our own plans to pursue. But we all
promised to meet up regularly.
VOCABULARY:
✓ get - together: [noun] an informal meeting or gathering of friends.
Example: We usually have a family get - together during the New Year celebrations.
✓ gap year: [noun] the year that a young person spends working and/or travelling after
leaving school and starting university.
Example: I’m planning to take a gap year before I start my university course, and I have
decided to go to see India and China.
✓ have a passion for : [expression] have a hobby or activity that you like very much.
Example: He has a passion for traditional music, and he is learning to play some traditional
musical instruments.
✓ out - of - this - world: [adjective] used to emphasize how good or beautiful so mething
is.
Example: The variety of Vietnamese food available during the Tet holiday is out - of - this -
world.
✓ t asty: [adjective] having a very delicious flavour.
Example: When I want something tasty to eat, I often buy some chocolates or ice - cream.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 16 ✓ a bit pricey: [adjective] a little expensive.
Example: Although my favourite restaurant serves food that is out - of - this - world, it is
unfortunately a bit pricey , so I can’t afford to eat there often.
✓ grown - up : [adjective] mentally and physically an adult.
Ex ample: She has a grown - up daughter who works in our local hospital.
✓ meet up: [phrasal verb] to meet someone, usually by arranging a time and place with
them first.
Example: After work, we all met up at the cinema to watch the new James Bond movie.
6. Describe a small business that you would like to open, (or, start or run or own
or have) if you had the chance.
You should say:
What this business would be
Where it would be located
What people you would hire as employees
And explain why you’d like to hav e this small business.
ANSWER :
Well, if I were to talk about my dream business, a small book café would definitely be the
first thing that springs to my mind right now. Actually, I’ve been thinking about it for a long
time as I always enjoy reading books and drinking coffee in a tranquil space. When I get
enough money together , I will start my own business for sure.
My desire is to create a place for people who are seeking serenity and trying to escape from
the hustle and bustle of city life, so I would look for a location in a quiet street, maybe
around the Old Quarter. My café would be decorated elaborately with lights and
houseplants, creating a calm, homely atmosphere for the customers. Bookshelves filled with
books of every kind would run along the walls and in the corners and everyone would be
welcome to choose a book from the shelves to enjoy while drinking their coffee.
Like many other coffee shops, I would hire students to work as part - time employees at my
book café, esp ecially ones who share the same passion for books as I do. They could earn
their living in a comfortable and friendly working environment, and I would aim to nurture
their love of books, so that their work would become a pleasure.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 17 Owning my own book café h as been my lifelong dream. To read books is to broaden one’s
horizons , and to drink coffee is to enjoy life. When I reach a certain point in my life where I
feel satisfied enough with my career, I will resign and run my small café. I believe that one
day I will make my dream come true.
VOCABULARY

cafe [n] a place where you can buy drinks and simple mealsExample: Every Saturday, we drink coffee and eat cakes in our local cafe.

spring to
mind [expression] to appear suddenlRULPPHGLDWHO in RXUWKRXJKWV Example:

The Harry Potter novels immediately spring to mind as an example of recent
best-selling books.
✓ tranquil [adj] quiet and peaceful Example: She led a tranqui l life in the countryside.
✓ get money together [expression] save money to buy something
Example: I want to buy a new car, as soon as I can get enough money together.

serenity [n] the quality of being calm and peaceful Example: The hotel offers a haven of peace and serenity away from the hustle and bustle of
the city.

hustle and bustle [expression] busy and noisy activity Example: He wanted a little cottage far away from the hustle and bustle of city life.

elaborately [adverb]
in a carefully prepared, detailed and organisedway
Example: The hotel lobby was elaborately decorated in preparation for the President’s visit.
✓ homely [adj] making you feel comfortable, as if you were in yo ur own home
Example: The restaurant was homely , with just a few tables and a relaxed atmosphere.
✓ run along [phrasal verb] be in line with
Example: An electric fence ran along the top of the wall to protect the building.

passion
[n] a very strong feeling of some emotion – love, hatred,anger, enthusiasm
Example: She spoke with great passion about the natural beauty of her homeland.

earn a living [expression] to
make money in order to support yourself financially

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 18 Example: The wages are so low in this city that I have to do three jobs just in order to earn a
living .

nurture [v] to help somebody/something to develop and be successfulExample: My father nurtured a love of art in me and nothing gives me more pleasur e than
visiting an art gallery.

horizon
[n] the limit of your desires, knowledge or interests Example: She wanted to travel and experience other cultures in order to broaden her
horizons.

resign
[v] to officially tell somebody that you are leaving your job, leaving an organisation
Example: He resigned as manager after 8 years, in order to spend more time with his family.
7. Describe a time you needed to use imagination
You should say :
what the situation was
why you needed to use imagination
What the difficulties were
and explain how you felt about it
ANSWER
Today I’m going to tell you about a time when I had to make use of my imagination. When I
was a sophomore in high school, one of my literature assignments was to recreate a short
play that is based on a real book. The class was divided into small teams, each had to choose
a book of different genres , ranging from comedy to romance to even horror. Since it was
going to be assessed , everyone was req uired to take an active part in the project.
This task was particularly demanding in using imagination as we had to set up as lively a
stage as possible to draw the attention of the audience . Enjoying a book can be easy but it’s
tough to actually act out a written scene, even for professional actors. Therefore, as the stage
director and one of cast members, I really needed to make the best of my creativity to
produce a perfect play.
Besides having to be inventive , we were also working against the clock s ince only 2 weeks
were given to prepare. It was tricky to come up with a complete plot and make time for
group rehearsals in such a short period - not to mention having to find the appropriate
costumes and stage props .

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 19 Despite the pressure I had to deal wi th, I felt a great sense of achievement because our play
was well - received by the teacher and other classmates. I guess I can regard this as a
challenge for not only my imagination but also for my team - working skills. In the future, I
hope I will get the c hance to be involved in other exciting projects like this one.
VOCABULARY
1. To make use of sth [expression]: to use something
Eg: The students should make use of the books they are given.
2. Sophomore [n]: a student in the second year of high school or coll ege
Eg: She's a sophomore in high school.
3. Assignment [n]: a speci fied task or amount of work gi ven
Eg: The students were given a hom ework assi gnm ent.
4. Genre [n]: a particul ar t ype or categor y of lit erature or art
Eg: This book is a classic of the m yster y genre .
5. To be assessed [expression]: to be judged, rated or scored
Eg: Students will be assessed based on their attendance and scores.
6. Demanding [adj]: requi ring much time, att enti on, or effort
Eg: I have heard it is one of the most demanding courses at t he uni versit y.
7. To draw attention [expression]: to make people notice
Eg: A good presenter must be able to draw listeners’ attention.
8. To act out sth [expression]: to present som ethi ng in action
Eg: Children act out what the y read , which makes t he l esson more fun.
9. To make the best of sth [expression]: to try to think and act in a positive way
when you have to accept a bad situation
Eg: The room they've given us is too small really, but we'll just have to
make the best of it.
10. Inventive [adj]: creative or imaginative
Eg: The y have given their new compan y an inventive name, whi ch customers are
sure to remember.
11. To work against the clock [expression]: to work very fast because
you know you only have a limited period of time to do something
Eg: Scientists were workingagainst the clock to collect specimens before the
volcano erupted again.
12. To make time for sth [expression]: to allow time for something

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 20 Eg: I try to make time for my family at weekends.
13. Prop [n]: something used in creating or enhancing a desi red effect, especiall y
in the theat re or in fil ms
Eg: There was a team responsible for building stage props to make the background more real.
14. A sense of achievement [expression]: a proud feeling of having done something
diffi cult and worthwhi le
Eg: He felt a sense of achievement having won the competition.
15. Well - received [adj]: getting a good reaction from people
Eg: ‘Gone with the Wind’ was one of the most well - received movies of all time.
8. Describe what you think would be the perfect job for you.
You should say:
what job it would be
what you would do in this job
and explain why you think this would be the perfect job for you.
Answer
For me, the ideal job that I would like to have is to be an air hostess .
This job involves taking care of customers on planes, serving food and drinks, and making
sure that they have a safe flight. In Vietnam , to apply for this position, an applicant has to
meet various requirements, including being at least 20 years old , having good
communication and problem - solving skills , having a good command of language, and so
on. One special thing is this career is open to both men and women , although women are
preferred.
There are many reasons why I think this job would suit me. Firstly , I have a passion for
traveling. Taking this job , I could travel to many countries on a regula r basis . Occasionally,
when I have free time between flights, I would be able to go sightseeing and enjoy a variety
of local food. Secondly , I have quite a good command of English and French, which are
spoken by the majority of people around the world. The refore, this would help me a lot if I
could get this job. Lastly , I am really interested in talking with others. So, I believe that this
job is perfect for me since I would meet hundreds of people every day. As a final point , I
hope that I can follow my dream career in the future.

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✓ taking care of: [phrasal verb] providing customers with everything that they need
for their comfort and protection.
Example: My mother is taking care of my children while I am away on business.
✓ applicant: [noun] a person who makes a formal request for something, such as a job
or a place at university.
Example: I don’t think that I will get the job, because there were hundreds of applicants.
✓ having a good command of: [expression] having a good knowledge, especially of a
language, and the ability to speak it well.
Example: Having a good command of at least one foreign language is necessary for most
people working in the tourist industry.
✓ open to: [adjective] available to, because both men and women can enter this
profession.
Example: This job is open to people of all ages, but applicants must have a university
qualification.
✓ on a regular basis: [ expression] regularly.
Example: The fire equipment is checked on a regular basis , usually at the end of ea ch
month.
✓ go sightseeing: [verb] visit interesting places as a tourist.
Example: I would like to go sightseeing in Hanoi and visit the Old City and the Temple of
Literature.
✓ dream career: [noun] the profession that I would really love to have.
Example: For a lot of boys, their dream career is to be a football player.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 22 9. Describe a magazine or newspaper that you like to (or, often) read.
Y ou should say:
what magazine or newspaper it is
what the magazine or newspaper is about
how often you read it
what kinds of people generally read this magazine or newspaper
and explain why you like to read it.
ANSWER:
To be honest , I don’t read magazines much these days, but I still read the one called
Vietraveler , which is a tourism magazine.
The magazine contain s all that we need to know in terms of traveling, such as reviews of
numerous famous destinations, tips to save money when traveling or what we need to
prepare for a trip. Besides, at the back of the magazine, there are a few discount coupons
for some part icular domestic tours which are run by tourist companies.
Always, when a new issue is published , I get it delivered to my house by post. Actually , I
have been a subscriber to this magazine for almost 5 years and I fully intend to carry on
reading it. As all the information in it is arranged logically , therefore, I find it quite easy to
locate every article that interests me. In addition , I highly appreciate the quality of the
magazine’s contents. The attractiveness of the glossy photos an d the high standard of
journalism are just two of its outstanding features.
As a final point , I would emphasize that I usually depend on this magazine to plan a good
trip or suggest one to my friends.
VOCABULARY
✓ discount coupons: [ noun] small pieces of printed paper that gives you the right to
buy something at a cheaper price than normal.
Example: I cut the discount coupons out of the newspaper and used them to buy an Iphone
at a reduced price.
✓ run: [verb] provided and made available to people.

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 23 Example: The school runs special courses for teenagers during the summer.
✓ issue: [noun] one of a regular series of a magazine.
Example: In the last issue of the magazine, there is an article about restaurants in Hanoi.
✓ subscriber : [noun] a person who pays money – usually once a year – to receive
regular copies of a magazine or newspaper.
Example: The number of subscribers to the magazine has now reached 10,000.
✓ fully intend to : [adverb+verb] to have a definite plan about something which you
will do .
Example: If I don’t go on holiday this month, then I fully intend to take a holiday next
month.
✓ carry on: [phrasal verb] continue.
Example: Even if I pass the exam, I fully intend to carry on studying English to an advanced
level.
✓ glossy: [adjective ] smooth and shiny, so as to look real and attractive.
Example: The shiny paper used in glossy magazines is very expensive, so the magazines too
are always expensive.
✓ outstanding : [adjective] extremely good and very important.
Example: The outstanding tourist attraction in New York is the Statue of Liberty.
10. Describe a sport stadium that’s important in your cit.
You should say:
where it is
how often you go there
what people do there
and explain why you think it is important
ANSWER

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Group IELTS Ngoc Bach: https://www.facebook.com/groups/ieltsngocbach/ Page 24 I would like to talk about My Dinh National Stadium which hosts various important national
and international level events. This multi – purpose stadium is located in My Dinh suburban
commune, Tu Liem district, Hanoi capital. This stadium has a seating capacity of 50,000 .
Also it was officially opened in 2003.
This stadium is not far from my house, actually just about 300m to the north. I often go there
whenever there are activities which interest me. People usually visit / attend there to
encourage and support sporting events, especially Vietnam teams as well a s enjoy
entertaining activities.
My Dinh stadium is very important to not only Hanoi but also the whole country due to its
irreplaceable functions. It is one of the biggest and most well - equipped stadiums in Vietnam
utilized as a showcase to stage a large number of important events namely the 2003
Southeast Asia Games, and the 2008 AFC Champions League.
Moreover, this stadium plays a critical role since many foreigners might get to know/come to
know about Vietnam through the activities held there. Therefo re, it is essential to promote a
good image of it in order to impress foreigners positively.
VOCABULARY

Multi-purpose (adjective): having many different usesExample: This room is multi - purpose – we use it for meetings I interviews , and
taking breaks K
✓ Capacity (noun) : (s ứ c ch ứ a) the total amount that can be contained or produced , or
( especially of a person or organization ) the ability to do a particular thing
Example: The stadium has a seating capacity of 50,000.
✓ Interest (verb): (làm ai h ứ ng thú) to at tract your attention and make you feel
interested; to make yourself give your attention to something.
Example: She has always interested herself in charity work.
✓ Irreplaceable: (adjective) (không th ể thay th ế đư ợ c) too valuable or special to be
replaced.
Example: Most of the porcelain you see in the display cabinets is irreplaceable .
✓ Utilize: (verb) (s ử d ụ ng ) to use something, especially for a practical purpose
Example: The Romans were the first to utilize concrete as a building material
11. Describe an important holiday (or festival) that is celebrated in your country.
You should say:

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when this celebration takes place
what people do during this celebration
what you especially like and dislike about this celebration
and explain why it is important.

ANSWER:
Today, I am going to talk about an important holiday (or festival) that is celebrated in my
country called Lunar New Yea r. Besides the Western calendar’s New Year , the Vietnamese
people also celebrate Lunar New Year according to the lunar calendar.
The Lunar New Year, or Tet usually takes place around the end of January or the beginning
of February, depending on when the lunar calendar ends. Tet provides the opportunity for
reunions for Vietnamese families, as people tend to return to their hometowns at this time of
the year.
Like the Christmas tree in Western countries, in Vietnam, we buy a kumquat tree, an apricot
blosso m tree or some branches to decorate our houses. People also buy new clothes and clean
their houses to welcome in the New Year. Some families make “Chung cake”, a traditional
cake for this special occasion. Chung cake is made of rice, mung beans and fat por k, wrapped
in a banana leaf in the shape of a square. It is then boiled overnight until it is cooked.
During the Tet holiday, Vietnamese visit their relatives to wish them all a happy new year.
They also go to the pagodas frequently to wish for a better ye ar to come for their families.
Adults give lucky money to children. I think this is the only time of year when people can
forget about all the worries of their daily lives, when they can relax, enjoy, indulge
themselves, and get ready for another new year.
VOCABULARY:
✓ Western calendar: also known as the Gregorian calendar, this calendar is used in
Western countries and the New Year begins with the first day of January.
Example: International companies usually follow the Western calendar, though their count ry
may also follow a different calendar.
✓ according to: as stated or indicated by; following; based on.
Example: According to the Center for Disease Control, all travelers should be up -to-date with
their vaccines.

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✓ takes place around: to occur during a cert ain time period, around is used in this
instance to give you a general idea of when something happens, rather than a very specific
date.
Example: The festival takes place around the beginning of May each year, though we won’t
know the exact start date unti l March 15th.
✓ depending on: to be contingent on, something will not happen unless something else
happens first.
Example: Depending on the score you get on your exam, you may qualify for a scholarship.
✓ reunion: a time when people gather together again afte r not having seen each other
for a while; you can have family reunions, class reunions, work reunions, etc.
Example: The graduating class of 1985 had a class reunion this past summer and it was
fantastic to see all my old classmates again.

12. Describe a difficult decision that you made.
You should say:
what decision it was
what difficulties you faced
how you made the decision
and explain why it was a difficult decision.

ANSWER:
It was when I prepared the application form for the university entrance exam that I had to
make an important but difficult decision. At that time, I was at a crossroads , where I had to
decide which university to apply for. Actually, my interest was in economics , which was
taught in two separate universities, one of which speciali zed in international trade while the
other focused more on the national economy.
Fortunately, my sister , who graduated from an economics college , gave me some sound
advice . Having weighed up the pros and cons of each school , she encouraged me to choose
the university specializing in international trade . Finally, I applied for this school after
thinking carefully about all the options.
At present, I feel so satisfied with the learning environment of this university that I am
always thankful for my decision as well as my sister’s advice. Without her guidance , I
probably wouldn’t be as content with my university life as I am.

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VOCABULARY
✓ at a crossroads : [expression] at an important point in someone’s life or development.
Example: His life was at a crossroads – whether to join the army or to continue studying at
university.
✓ sound advice: [adjective and noun combination] sensible and reliable advice.
Example: My parents gave me sound advice about my choice of career.
✓ weighed up the pros and cons: [expression] considered carefully the advantages
and disadvantages of something.
Example: Having weighed up the pros and cons, I decided that it would be more useful for
me to learn English rather than French.
✓ learning environment: [noun phrase] the conditions that affect the behaviour and
development of people who are learning a subject.
Example: The school had the latest technology, the buildings were modern and the teachers
were very helpful – it was the perfect learning environment.

13. Describe a place you have visited that has been affected by pollution.
You should say:
what place it was
why you went there
how it was affected by pollution
and explain how you felt about this situation.

ANSWER:
It is regrettable that Hanoi , where I’m living, is negatively affected by pollution and the
major environmental problems it is facing are water pollution, air pollution and noise
pollution.
There are various reasons why this city is badly polluted. Firstly , due to modernization ,
more and more vehicles such as cars and motorbikes are used. This leads to an increase in
exhaust emissions which contaminate the atmosphere, not to mention the risin g level of noise
pollution. Secondly , factories and industrial zones in the city have discharged a huge
amount of untreated waste into rivers, causing death to many fish and other aquatic
animals.
In fact , pollution makes people here less healthy, and some even suffer from life -
threatening diseases such as lung cancer, skin cancer, and so on. Therefore, the government

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must deal with this problem right away . Cutting down on vehicle use is the best way to
reduce air pollution and noise pollution. We can do th is by encouraging people to use public
transportation. Besides, those who litter should pay a heavy fine. Finally, I think the best
solution is to raise awareness and educate people to protect the environment.
VOCABULARY
✓ regrettable: [adjective] something that you are sorry about and wish that it had not
happened.
Example: It is regrettable that only a minority of people are concerned about the
environment.
✓ exhaust emissions: [noun phrase] waste gases that come out of a car or other
vehicle.
Example: The exhaust emissions from big trucks cause serious air pollution in my city.
✓ contaminate: [verb] make a place or thing dirty, by adding a substance that is
dangerous or polluting.
Example: Every day, more and more vehicles enter the city centre and contaminate the
atmosphere with their exhaust emissions.
✓ discharge: [verb] when somebody discharges a gas or liquid, they release it and it
goes into the water or the air.
Example: The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.
✓ aquatic: [adjective] living in water
Example: Rivers which are clean have a lot of aquatic life, such as fish and frogs.
✓ life -threatening: [adjective] likely to kill someone.
Example: Aid workers in poor countries often have to deal with difficult, life -threatening
situations.
✓ cutting down on: [phrasal verb] reducing the size, amount or number of something.
Example: You will improve your health by cutting down on cigarettes.
✓ awareness: [noun] knowing that something exists and is important.
Example: In schools, campaigns about awareness of road safety are essential for young
children.

14. Describe a product you bought that you were (or, are) happy with.
You should say:
what you bought
ho w you bought it

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why you bought it
and explain why you were (or are) happy with it.

ANSWER
Last summer , I bought a Nokia smart phone that I was really satisfied with.
My cell phone was the latest product from Nokia, so there were various useful applications
such as video calling, emails, games, music players , and so on. I intended to use this smart
phone to listen to music, make phone calls, send messages and check emails. I must sa y that
this portable device helps me a lot no matter where I am.
There were numerous reasons why I took an interest in this product. Firstly, I wanted to use
it for entertainment purposes. I could refresh myself after a hard day’s work by enjoying
music or watching reality shows on the Internet. Moreover, thanks to this smart phone , I
was able to keep in touch with my old friends whom I could not meet in person regularly.
Besides, this mobile phone helped me to handle my workload effectively. For example , I
could check emails when waiting for the bus, which saved a lot of time.
As a final point, I would emphasize that I chose the mobile phone myself . That was the
main reason why I felt so happy with this product.

VOCABULARY
✓ portable device : [noun] an object that is easy to carry or to move.
Example: A lot of people on my flight were using portable devices, such as their laptops,
during the journey.
✓ took an interest in: [expression] wanted to know more about the product.
Example: My parents took an interest in my grades at school, because they wanted me to go
to university.
✓ entertainment: [noun] for interest and amusement.
Example: The local newspaper gives news about entertainment , with information on all the
latest films, music, shows and events in our city.
✓ refresh myself: [verb] make myself feel less tired and stressed.
Example: After work, I usually refresh myself with a shower and a hot drink.
✓ reality shows: [noun] shows that use real people [not actors] in real situations, in
order to provide entertainment.
Example: Reality shows like ‘Big Brother’ are very cheap to make, because there are no
actors to pay.

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✓ handle my workload: [expression] manage the amount of work that I have to do.
Example: The company has paid me for some extra ho urs to handle my increased
workload .

15. Describe a person (you know), much older than you, who you admire.
You should say:
who this person is
how you know this person
how this person has influenced you
and explain why you admire this person.

ANSWER:
I would like to describe one of my teachers who taught me at high school . She had a great
influence on me and was a role model whom I look up to.
Her name is Yen and she taught me Math for 3 years of high school. She was in her 50s , and
so she had a lot of teaching experience. Actually , we met each other almost everyday as she
was also my form teacher. She cared about us as if we had been her sons and daughters. For
example, she always brought some kinds of medicines so that wheneve r her students got a
cold , coughed or something like that , she would give them the medicines immediately.
Above all , I was most influenced by the way she taught us in class. Her thoroughness in
teaching inspired me to study Math, even though I had not bee n interested in the subject
before . Thanks to her effective teaching method , I was able to pass the university entrance
exam with a high Math grade . Besides, I was also influenced by her lifestyle , which was so
simple and worthy of respect that I really wa nted to copy her. As she is a warm -hearted
person, she always gave us advice about any problems we faced. At times , I felt that she
was like my friend who I could share everything with.
Although we have now all graduated from high school , my friends and I often visit her at the
weekends to tell her about our daily life at university.
VOCABULARY
✓ role model : [noun phrase] a person that you admire and try to copy.
Example: Parents are usually the most important role models for a child. \
✓ in her 50s: [expression] between the ages of 50 and 59.
Example: My mother retired from her job as a teacher when she was in her 50s.
✓ cared about: [phrasal verb] felt that we were important and worth worrying about.

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Example: Everybody had a good opinion of the hospital – the doctors and nurses really
cared about the health of the patients.
✓ thoroughness: [noun] the quality of doing things very carefully and with great
attention to detail.
Example: The report was perfectly organised and included every importan t detail, and I had
to admire his thoroughness.
✓ lifestyle: [noun] the way in which a person or group of people live and work.
Example: When I moved to the countryside from Hanoi, I had to change my lifestyle
completely.
✓ warm -hearted: [adjective] kind and generous
Example: He often gave money and chatted in the street to poor people that he knew – he
was a very warm -hearted person.

16. Describe a television program that you like to watch.
You should say:
what program it is
what the program is about
how often you watch it
and explain why you like watching this program.
Describe a television program that makes you laugh.
You should say:
what program it is
how often you watch it
what it is about
and explain why you laugh at this program (= explain what is funny in this program).

ANSWER:
A TV program that I found really funny was an American show called “How I met RXr
mother” which was broadcast every Sunday last summer.
It was a sitcom with 9 series , each of which included about 24 episodes . I watched all of the
episodes and found them absolutely hilarious . The series followed the main character ,
Ted, who recounted to his son and daughter the time when he met and got married to their
mother. The special thing was this - all the events Ted had experienc ed with his best friends
before meeting his wife were illustrated in a highly amusing way. For example , in one

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episode, Ted described his dates with a girlfriend whose name he had forgotten , so Ted and
the other characters had to refer to her as “Blah -blah ” all the time.
Because of the characters’ eccentric humor and natural acting, this show made me laugh a
lot. So, at present, whenever I feel stressed, I replay this series so that I can just put my feet
up and have a good laugh.
VOCABULARY
✓ sitcom: [noun] a regular TV program that shows the same characters in different
funny situations.
Example: In a good sitcom , all the characters who appear regularly make us laugh.
✓ episodes: [noun] parts of a story on TV or the radio which is broadcast in several
parts.
Example: The sitcom finally ended after 200 episodes .
✓ absolutely hilarious: [adverb+adjective] extremely funny.
Example: At the party, he told me an absolutely hilarious story, and I couldn’t stop
laughing.
✓ recounted: [verb] told someone about something that you experienced.
Example: My father sometimes recounted to me stories of his time as a student.
✓ dates: [noun] aromantic meetings with a boy or girl.
Example: Although they had several dates , they decided to remain just good friend s.
✓ eccentric : [adjective] considered by other people to be strange or unusual.
Example: A person who wears a suit to go to the beach would certainly be considered as
eccentric.
✓ put my feet up: [expression] relax and do nothing
Example: After a hard day at work, I like to come home and put my feet up for an hour or
two.

17. A Good Friend
Describe a good friend.
You should say:
• When and how you met
• What kind of personality he/she has
• What makes you like him/her

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ANSWER:
I would like to describe my best friend , Huong, whom I have known for roughly 10 years . I
first met her at primary school when she was my classmate. At first , she was quite shy and
did not want to talk with anyone, which made me feel that she was a bit proud . However ,
when we became clos e friends , she was more sociable and amiable .
We have done a lot of things together. Studying at the same schools , we have various
mutual friends . So, we usually throw parties at the weekends or have a picnic together.
Besides , whenever I get into troubl e, I turn to her for help. For example, I remember when I
got bad marks in the mock university entrance exam, she consoled me and then we studied
together until the official exam took place. Finally , we had the opportunity to study at our
favorite college.
At present , despite the fact that we have different plans and goals to pursue, I believe that
we will be best friends for good and we will try our best to maintain this relationship.

VOCABULAR Y
✓ roughly: [adverb] approximately, but not exactly.
Example: In the exam, I wrote roughly 300 words for my essay.
✓ close friends: [expression] friends who know each other very well and like each
other a lot.
Example: Close friends usually share the same interests and have no secrets from each
other.
✓ amiable: [adjective] pleasant and easy to like
Example: Our form teacher is very amiable and we all enjoy the relaxed atmosphere in her
classes.
✓ mutual friends: [expression] friends which are shared by two or more people.
Example: Although we had not met before, when we started chatting, we discovered that we
had some mutual friends.
✓ throw parties: [expression] give parties.

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Example: Some Hollywood film stars throw parties which hundreds of people attend.
✓ consoled: [verb] gave sympathy to someone who is unhappy.
Example: After the team lost the match, the coach consoled the players and told them that
they had played well.
✓ for good: [expression] permanently
Example: I decided to leave New York for good and move to Europe.
✓ try our best : do as much as possible to achieve something
Example: Although we tried our best , we failed the exam.
18. Describe a good part of your personality or character.
You should say:
what it is
what this part of your perso nality or character is like
how it affects your life or work
and explain why you think it is good.

ANSWER
Well, I’m going to talk about a good aspect of my character. I’m kind of an ambitious person,
even though I’m not sure if this personal trait is really beneficial for me in every situation. I
think it helps me pretty well, not only in my studies but also in my own life, though.
Personally, I suppose it is quite good for young people to have this kind of personal trait,
because it allows them to live and work more positively. I normally tend to set high goals and
show strong determination to achieve them by all means, no matter what difficult situations
I’m in. I mean, I do not like playing it safe . Instead, I like being challenged in general.
Ho wever, when you have too high expectations of something and you are not able to live up
to them, you may feel under pressure and lose confidence in yourself. So you should be
careful and be sure that your goals are realistic for you to pursue .
Up to now, I have found that my ambition has had more of a positive influence on me than a
negative one. Because of my ambitious nature, I force myself to set clear targets, to be
committed and to try my best to attain my goals, and all these things motiva te me a lot to
follow my plans with drive and energy. It’s an amazing feeling of achievement on those
occasions when my efforts are successful.

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VOCABULARY
✓ aspect: [noun] a particular part or feature of something.
Example: Her impatience is one aspect of her character that I don’t like.
✓ trait: [noun] a particular quality in your personality.
Example: The most notable trait of British people is their politeness.
✓ beneficial: [adjective] having a helpful or useful effect or result.
Example: A good diet and regular exercise are beneficial for your health.
✓ playing it safe: [expression] being careful and avoiding risks.
Example: When meeting strangers, I advise playing it safe – do not tell them too many
details about your life.
✓ challenge: [verb] test someone’s ability or skill, especially in an interesting way.
Example: In the IELTS exam, students are being challenged to show their English language
skills.
✓ expectations: [noun] hopes that something good will happen.
Example: She went to college with great expectations .
✓ live up to: [phrasal verb] to do as well as you expect or hope.
Example: I did not enjoy the film – it did not live up to all the great reviews that I had read.
✓ under pressure : [expression] anxiou s about something which you have to do.
Example: The team is under pressure to win an important match tomorrow.
✓ pursue: [verb] do something or try to achieve something over a period of time.
Example: My brother wants to pursue his ambition to become an actor.
✓ attain: [verb] succeed in getting something, usually after a lot of effort.
Example: After many hours of climbing, they attained their goal of reaching the top of the
mountain.
✓ motivate: [verb] make somebody want to do something, usually somet hing which
requires a lot of hard work or effort.
Example: The teacher motivates all her students to work hard and pass their exams.
✓ drive: [noun] energy and determination to achieve things.
Example: No sportsperson will succeed without a strong drive to be the best.

19. Describe a happy family event from your childhood.
You should say:
what the event was

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where it happened

A happy family event that I still remember clearly from my childhood was making chung
cake for Tet holiday at my grandparents’ house.

what you saw and did : When I was small, our family would get together to make chung
cake for Tet holiday. My grandparents had six children; therefore, I had many cousins. And
the great thing was that my cousins and I were around the same age . At that time, we were
too small to do anything, so basically, we played with each other while we watched the
adults prepare the ingredients for the cake. Sometimes, we got to eat the leftover food after
all the cakes were finished. Tet holiday was the only time of the year that we were allowed to
stay up late , one reason why it is so memorable . Although the winter was cold, we all felt
cozy inside; we had so much fun together.

and explain why you remember this event so well : Since my grandfather passed away a
couple of years ago, we stopped our family tradition. In addition, some of my cousins had
already gotten married and had their own families, and some had gone to study abroad .
Consequently , it was very difficult for us to get together like old times. Missing this special
family tradition makes it so unforgettable for me and I hope we can start doing it again in
the future.

VOCABULARY
✓ remember clearly - to see something in your mind with detail from before, to
remember something very well. “I remember very clearly where I was when J.F.K. was
shot.”

✓ to be around the same age - to describe when a group of people have similar ages -
they are around the same age. In this context, the person and his cousins were young, so
maybe they were between 4 and 7 years old. “All my classmates who went to the concert
were around the same age.”

✓ basically - used to indicate that a statement summarizes the most important aspects,
or gives a roug hly accurate account, of a more complex situation. “So basically, I am one of
the best students in the class.”

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✓ leftover food - the food that remains after you have created something with certain
ingredients and don’t need any more of those ingredients or it is the food that is left over after
everybody has already eaten what they wanted. “They said they’d eat the leftover food for
lunch tomorrow.”

✓ to stay up late - to stay awake past your normal bed time. In this context, the child
was young and so staying up until later in the evening was special. “My son wants to stay up
late every night during the summer.”

✓ memorable - when something is easy to remember or when you actually remember it
well. “Her wedding was a memorable event for all.”

✓ felt cozy - to feel nice and warm and good inside. “It felt cozy to snuggle up to my
lover in bed.”

✓ passed away - to die. “My friend’s husband passed away this evening. He had
cancer.”

✓ to study abroad - to go to a foreign country to study. “Many Chinese students are
studying abroad these days.”

✓ Consequently - as a consequence of, as a result of something. “My airplane arrived
late last night. Consequently, I didn’t make it to the meeting on time.”

✓ like old times - used to describe when something happens like it used to, in the past.
“They danced and danced, just like old times.”

✓ missing (this event) - to miss something means that you wish it were happening still,
but it isn’t. In this context, he misses getting together with his family to make the special
cakes. “I was missing our family dinners, now that all the kids were away at college.”

✓ unforgettable - something that you can’t forget. “The Taylor Swift concert was
unforgettable.”

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20. Describe a time when someone apologized to you.
You should say:
who apologised to you
why they apologised
where it happened
and explain how you felt (or what you said) after this person apologised.

ANSWER:
On Tuesday last week, I was riding my motorbike to school. Actually , I was in a hurry;
otherwise , I would have been late for the class. Unfortunately , there was heavy traffic
congestion. In front of me there was just a long stream of cars and bikes. Therefore, I had no
choice but to slow down and join the queue of vehicles.
Suddenly , a scooter hit me from behind, which made me panic and fall off my bike. I
suffered a few bruises and a minor elbow injury. A few seconds later , the rider on the
scooter got off , came up to me and apologized for his carelessness. He also offered to take
me to hospita l for a checkup, but it was unnecessary as I was okay.
To be honest , at first, I was very angry with him for crashing into my motorbike, but his
sincere concern calmed me down and I decided to accept his apology. Then, I continued on
my way to school.
I realize that we can all make mistakes sometimes, but if we make an apology , almost
everyone will forgive us. So, it is best to own up and accept responsibility for your
mistakes.
VOCABULARY
✓ heavy traffic congestion: [expression] the state of being crowded and full of
traffic.
Example: In an attempt to reduce heavy traffic congestion in the centre of London,
motorists now have to pay to enter the city centre.
✓ a long stream of: [expression] a continuous flow of ca rs and bikes.
Example: A long stream of vehicles was waiting to cross the bridge, but they were moving
slowly because of the traffic congestion.
✓ slow down: [phrasal verb] go at a slower speed.
Example: Near schools and hospitals, motorists should slow down in order to reduce the
chances of an accident.
✓ suffer: [verb] experience something unpleasant, like an injury.

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Example: During the meal, he suffered a heart attack and an ambulance took him to hospital.
✓ bruises: [noun] blue or brown marks that appear on your body after you have
fallen or been hit.
Example: After the accident, he suffered some cuts and bruises as a result of falling on to
the ground.
✓ came up to me: [phrasal verb] approached me.
Example: After the match, a journalist came up to me and asked my opinion about the
result.
✓ calmed me down : [phrasal verb] made me less angry.
Example: I was angry with the boy and I wanted to hit him, but the teacher calmed me down
by telling the boy to apologise for what he had done.
✓ on my way: [expression] going.
Example: I am on my way to the park – do you want to come?
✓ own up: [phrasal verb] admit that you are responsible for something bad or wrong.
Example: When the teacher collected our homework, I had to own up and explain that I had
no t finished it.

21. Describe a story or novel you have (recently) read that you found to be
particularly interesting.
You should say:
what the plot of the story or novel was
who wrote it
why you read it
how much time it took to read it
and explain why you thought it was interesting.

ANSWER:
I would like to talk about my favorite classic novel called The Godfather , which is written
by a well -known Italian author, Mario Puzo . I came across this novel when I was trying to
find a dictionary at a bookstore. It was published in hard -cover version and there was a
colourful illustration on the front which caught my eye .
At first , although I was not much impressed by the novel’s preview , I still bought it and
started to read the story right after getting home. Surprisingly, the more I read “The
Godfather”, the more it appealed to me. This novel told the story of an Italian imaginary

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character named Vito Corleone , who was a mafia boss in America after World War I.
What attracted me in this story was the way the author described Vito’s tricks to survive in
a chaotic society. Thanks to this novel, I learned a lot about the course of American history
in that lawless period.
After finishing this book, I read some more novels by Mario Puzo and they were all
fascinating . I realize that reading books is a good way to gain knowledge ; therefore,
everyone should get into the habit of reading.
VOCABULARY
✓ classic: [adjective] accepted as being one of the best or most important of its type.
Example: The story of Romeo and Juliet is a classic tale of love and revenge.
✓ come across: [phrasal verb] to meet or find somebody or something by chance.
Example: Yesterday, I came across some old photographs in a drawer.
✓ hard -cover: [adjective] with a stiff cover which does not bend.
Example: The hard -cover version of the book is expensive, so I am waiting for the
paperback version to be published.
✓ caught my eye: [expression] attracted my attention.
Example: As I looked at the shop window, a dark blue jacket caught my eye .
✓ right after: [adverb] immediately after.
Example: Yesterday, I spoke to the teacher right after the class.
✓ appeal to: [phrasal verb] attrac t or interest someone.
Example: The company’s new website is designed to appeal to people of all ages.
✓ chaotic: [adjective] confused and without any order.
Example: At busy times, the traffic situation is chaotic in New York.
✓ lawless: [adjective] whe re laws do not exist or are not obeyed.
Example: Chicago was known as a lawless city, controlled by gangsters and the mafia.
✓ fascinating: [adjective] very interesting.
Example: She has written a fascinating book about the history of crime in America.
✓ get into the habit of: [expression] do something regularly, so that you do it almost
without thinking.
Example: My sister has got into the habit of turning on the TV when she arrives home.

22. Describe some local news that people in your locality interested in.
You should say:
what the news

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how you know about this news
who involved in this news
and explain why it interesting to people.

ANSWER:
I came across this intriguing article in a newspaper I read at my school’s library . It involved
how positive attitudes have greatly affected people’s success, based on the story of how a
local woman had never given up her dream and had now become a world -famous novelis t.
According to the news story, optimistic people are more likely to be successful. Si nce they
look at the bright side , their lives are always full of enjoyment . Therefore, when running
into problems, optimists try their best to work out solutions . This leads them to great
achievements. In contrast , pessimistic people tend to act negatively , which not only puts
them under a lot of strain , but also has a bad impact on their performance and people
around them.
Since I read this news , I have tried to maintain positive attitudes about everything.
Whenever I fail to do something , I will not blam e myself but work harder to overcome such
failure. I hope that , like this woman, everybody can learn to be optimistic about whatever
situation they face.
VOCABULARY
✓ intriguing: [adjective] very interesting, because the news was unusual.
Example: He told me an intriguing story about how a shark had once attacked him while he
was swimming in the sea.
✓ had never given up : [phrasal verb] had never abandoned: she had always continued
to believe in her dream.
Example: The police announced that – after 10 days – they had finally given up looking for
survivors of the air crash.
✓ world -famous : [adjective] known all over the world
Example: McDonald’s is a world -famous chain of fast -food restaurants.
✓ novelist: [noun] a person who writes novels – fictional stories.
Example: The author of the ‘Harry Potter’ books used to teach English, but now she is a
world -famous novelist.
✓ optimistic: [adjective] expecting good things to happen or to be successful.
Example: He was optimistic about his chance s of passing the exam, because he had studied
hard.

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✓ look at/on the bright side: [expression] to be cheerful about a bad situation, by
thinking of the advantages – not the disadvantages.
Example: Although you have lost your keys, look on the bright side – your brother has a
copy of all of them.
✓ work out (solutions): [phrasal verb] think of (solutions).
Example: Engineers work out solutions to many technical problems when they design new
buildings.
✓ pessimistic: [adjective] expecting bad things to happ en or expecting things to fail.
Example: The patient was very ill, and the doctors were pessimistic about his chances of
recovering.
✓ puts them under a lot of strain: [expression] puts a lot of pressure on them,
because they are worried about being able to solve a difficulty.
Example: The team have lost every match, so this puts them under a lot of strain when
they have to face new opponents.
✓ whatever: any or every (situation)
Example: Whatever the situation about your travel visa, we will work out a solution
together.

23. Describe the first time you used a foreign language to communicate.
You should say:
who you communicated with
what the situation was *
what you said (or wrote)
and explain how you felt during this experience.

ANSWER:
I have been learning English for a long time , but I haven’t had many chances to practice
speaking English with native speakers . To the best of my recollection , the first time I used
it was on Christmas Eve three years ago.
At that time, I was hanging out with my friends. Suddenly, a foreigner came up to me and
asked for directions to a supermarket. Honestly, he spoke too quickly for me to catch
everything . But after he repeated his words, I finally understood and showed him the way to
the nearest supermark et. I used body language a lot to explain the directions to him, since I

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didn’t speak English well then. After that , he said “ Thank RX” to me and headed for the
supermarket.
I realize that English plays an important role in our life, despite the fact that we don’t live in
English -speaking countries. It is spoken globally and it’s becoming the dominant language.
Therefore, I have been trying to practice speaking English daily so that I can have a good
command of this language, and I can talk confidently wit h foreigners, whatever the topic of
conversation.
VOCABULARY
✓ to the best of my recollection: [expression] if I remember correctly.
Example: I was not present at that meeting, to the best of my recollection .
✓ hanging out: [phrasal verb] spending a lot of time in a particular place, but doing no
special activity.
Example: My friends and I enjoy hanging out at our local coffee shop, just chatting and
enjoying a coffee.
✓ came up to: [phrasal verb] approached.
Example: The manager came up to me and shook my hand.
✓ catch everything: [expression] hear or understand everything that he said.
Example: At the train station it was too noisy to hear all the information clearly, and I was
unable to catch everything.
✓ body language: [noun] the way that you show what you feel or think by moving
your body.
Example: Sometimes, our teacher uses body language , not words, to help to communicate
an idea.
✓ headed for: [phrasal verb] moved in a particular direction.
Example: After the show finished, everyone headed for the exits.
✓ have a good command of: [expression] have a good knowledge of something.
Example: People who apply for this job must have a good command of English, in order to
communicate with our American customers.

24. Describe an occasion when you helped someone .
You should say:
who you helped
how you helped them
where it happened

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why you helped them
and explain how this person reacted to your help
or
and explain how you felt after helping this person.

ANSWER:
Yesterday , when walking to school, I came across a pregnant woman . She was holding a
baby and carrying a lot of plastic bags containing fruit and vegetables. Those bags seemed to
be heavy , which made it difficult for her to hold her child. So , I quickly walked up to her
and offered to help her by carrying all of the bags.
At first , she was quite suspicious about my sudden appearance. Well, it is understandable
to be cautious with strangers. If I were her , I would do the same. But then, she recognized
the school uniform I was wearing. Therefore, s he thanked me in advance and gave me all of
her plastic bags , and I carried them to her house. When we arrived , she offered me a cup of
tea and even invited me to stay for lunch, but I politely declined as I had to go back to
school. Otherwise , I would hav e been late for classes.
To my mind, doing a good deed makes me feel more comfortable and optimistic about
everything, so I hope that everyone will help each other regularly for the sake of our mutual
well -being .
VOCABULARY
✓ came across : [phrasal verb] met her by accident.
Example: Last week, I came across an old school friend in the supermarket.
✓ walked up to: [phrasal verb] walked towards her, in a confident way.
Example: In the shop, I walked up to the manager and demanded my money back.
✓ suspicious : [adjective] she was unwilling to trust me, because I had appeared
suddenly and she did not know me.
Example: Parents teach children to be suspicious of strangers who approach them in the
street.
✓ understandable: [adjective] seeming normal and reasona ble in a particular
situation.
Example: Being nervous before an exam is perfectly understandable.
✓ politely declined: [adverb+verb] I refused in a polite way to accept her offer.
Example: I offered to give them a lift in my car, but they politely declin ed.
✓ doing a good deed: [expression] doing an action that is good.

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Example: I enjoy doing a good deed , such as going to the shops, for my elderly neighbour.
✓ our mutual well -being : [expression] actions that benefit two or more people
equally.
Example: We should always try to be honest and generous with others, for the sake of our
mutual well -being.

25. Describe a useful app or computer program for a smart phone, computer or
tablet that you have used.
You should say:
what the app is
how long/how often you have used it (or, been using it)
what you use it for
and explain why you think it is useful.

ANSWER
Well, developments in technology have been providing a lot of smart applications for
users, which allows them to access entertainment and also to work mor e effectively . One
of those apps that youngsters have been using more and more in their tablets and mobile
phones is definitely Camera 360 . And I am no exception. This application is all about
taking pictures and editing photos .
I have been a big fan of this application since I started using my Iphone 5 years ago . Like
many other apps, the designer has kept working on it to incorporate more impressive effects
so that it can compete with any other photo application.
My hobby is taking photos with my friends no matter what mood I’ m in, so I tend to use
this particular app as my favourite tool to make changes to the pictures to make them look
more lively and interesting . This is where Camera 360 comes in handy .
What I really appreciate is that Camera 360 is full of fun features bringing many options
with special filters, effects, themes and frames. I love how easily it can help my photos
appear more professional than my original ones, although I’ m not really a photoshop
expert . Thanks to this app, I am likely to be taking pictures more frequently now that I feel
extremely confident about posting them on social networking sites.

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VOCABULARY
✓ edit: [verb] make changes to text, data or images on a screen.
Example: Editing photos can make them appear much more professional by removing
unwanted parts of the image.
✓ fan: [noun] a person who admires or enjoys watching or listening to
someone/something.
Example: My son is a big football fan of Barcelona, and he watches all their games on TV.
✓ work on: [phrasa l verb] try hard to improve something, or how something functions.
Example: She works on her yoga skills by practising the exercises every day.
✓ incorporate: [verb] include something, so that it then forms part of something.
Example: Many of your ideas have been incorporated into the project.
✓ impressive: [adjective] people or things that make you feel admiration, for some
good quality that they have.
Example: The examiners agreed that she was very impressive during the speaking test.
✓ compete with: [phrasal verb] try to be better or more successful than someone who is
trying to do the same thing as you.
Example: In the race, I had to compete with 5 other athletes to win the gold medal.
✓ mood: [noun] the way that you are feeling at a particular time .
Example: I’m not really in the mood to go to the party tonight.
✓ come in handy: [expression] be useful.
Example: Don’t throw your revision notes away – they may come in handy for next year’s
course.
✓ fun features: [noun] entertaining characteristics or things about a particular object.
Example: My latest iphone comes with lots of fun features which keep me amused for
hours.
✓ post: [verb] put information or pictures on a website.
Example: Her brother has just posted some photos on their holiday on Facebook.
26. Describe a garden you visited and like.
You should say:
Where the garden is.
How you felt about it.
Explain why you like it

ANSWER

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I would like to share with you my impressions of a garden that I visited last summer, which
was full of colour and interest: Claude Monet’s house and garden in Giverny, France.
As a big fan of Monet’s paintings, especially the famous „Water Lilies‟, I had always
dreamed of seeing the scene in real li fe. So, when some friends suggested a visit last year, I
jumped at the chance. After a journey of about an hour by train from our hotel, we arrived
at Giverny. The garden was exactly as he had painted it – it was a riot of colour , from the
peaceful white o f the water lilies to the striking reds and oranges which filled some of the
flowerbeds .
The two parts of the garden complemented each other perfectly. We first admired the array
of bright flowers and fruit trees in the Clos Normand, but my favourite part was the water
garden, and we enjoyed a leisurely stroll , taking in all the colours , perfumes and bird
songs. Monet avidly collected
prints of Japanese gardens, and these inspired the Japanese bridges covered with wisterias ,
the water lilies in the pond , a nd the bamboo and weeping willows which he planted.
For me, it was like a wonderland of colours and a dream come true after so many years.

VOCABULARY
✓ impression: feeling or feelings (in the plural) about the garden (impressions) “His
impression of the meeting was that it didn‟t go very well.”
✓ fan: although the word is often used in the context of football nowadays, here it means a
person who admires [ Monet‟s paintings].
“She is a huge fan of Maroon 5.”
✓ jumped at the chance : I enthusiastically acce pted the opportunity to visit the garden.
“He jumped at the chance to go to Las Vegas with his boss.”
✓ a riot of colour: a collection of many different colours.
“Sandra‟s rose garden is a riot of colour.”
✓ striking: very attractive and unusual.
“The w oman he was with was wearing a striking outfit last night.”
✓ flowerbeds: a piece of a garden or park in which flowers are grown.
“He loves digging in his flowerbeds.”
✓ complemented each other: each part of the garden added something different to the other
part, so that the garden as a whole became more attractive.
“The wine and the fish complemented each other to form a perfect meal.”
✓ the array of bright flowers : the large and impressive coll ection of flowers. “The array of

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bright flowers in her garden surprised everybody. They didn‟t realize she had planted so
many varieties.”
✓ a leisurely stroll: a slow, relaxing walk.
“We went for a leisurely stroll along the beach this morning.”
✓ taking in all the colours: our eyes noticed all the colours and features of the garden.
“We were taking in all the colours of his garden, when all of a sudden we heard a large crash
outside the garden gate. Two cars had just bumped into each other.”
✓ avidly: Monet collected prints of Japanese gardens enthusiastically.
“He studied English avidly, from morning until late in the evening.”
✓ prints: copies of original drawings or paintings.
“The artist offered her prints for $100 each.”
✓ wisterias: white or pur ple flowers which cover walls, bridges or trees.
“The wisterias in the garden were in full bloom.”
✓ pond: a small area of still water, usually in a garden.
“There are many beautiful fish in the pond.”
✓ bamboo: tall tropical plants which have hollow ste ms‟ [the long, thin part of the plant]
used for building or furniture.
“Pandas love to eat bamboo.”
✓ weeping willows: trees which grow near water and have „branches‟ which hang
downwards.
“There are two weeping willows on the property, but we should cut one down.”
✓ wonderland: an imaginary place in children’s stories.
“The amusement park was a wonderland for both children and adults.

27. Describe an area of subject that you are interested in (such as physics,
mathematics)
You should say:
What it is
When you started to become interested in it
What you have learned from it
And explain why you have interest in it

ANSWER

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I’d like to describe a subject that I was particularly keen on when I was at school. It was
History.
I have to admit that I didn’t like History at first, as there were so many numbers, events and
dates to remember that it used to take me hours to learn all of them by heart to be well -
prepared for the exam. However, Mrs. Huong, my history teacher when i was at grade 10,
breathed new life in to this subject and it started to grow on me.
I‘ve learned a lot from the subject. Apart from historical events which help me know what the
world was like and how it worked, learning history has also brought me closer to the culture
of my country. Above all, I think, History has taught me to appreciate the present while
drawing lessons from the past.
Nevertheless, I wouldn’t have been so much in love with this subject without my teacher,
Mrs Huong. The way she delivered the lessons was so enthusiastic and passionate that it
inspired me to catch her every word / absorb all information given by her, and somehow, I
fell in love with History. Now, even though History is neither my majo r nor even taught at
University, I still have the habit of reading historical books whenever having free time.
VOBULARY
✓ learn by heart (học thu ộc lòng) [idiom]
to learn something so well that it can be written or recited without thinking
Example: There were well known definitions which we had to learn by heart and two of
them have remained in my memory for nearly 60 years
✓ well -prepared (chu ẩn bị tốt) [adj] suitably prepared in advance
Example: 17 -18 year old school leavers should be well -prepared for work.
✓ breathe new life into ( mang lại ngu ồn năng lượng mới, cu ộc sống mới ) [idiom]
bring ideas and energy (to something)
Example: Changes in the performance have breathed new life into a show that seemed
ready to close.
✓ grow on sb ( dần đư ợc ai đó yêu thích, ch ấp nh ận) [v] become increasingly liked or
appreciated
Example: At first the show seemed kind of weird, but it grew on us
✓ draw the lesson (from something) (rút ra bài học từ cái gì)[idiom] learn something
from past mistakes

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Example: After the loss in the previous game, the team draw the lesson .
✓ deliver( truy ền đạt, truy ền tải) [v] to express in word
Example: Whether students are captivated from the beginning or not depends much on the
the way the lecture is delivered .
✓ passionate (đam mê, say mê) [adj] arising from passion
Example: She is a teacher who is passionate about her subject
✓ have the habit of ( có thói quen làm gì) [idiom] do something usually or often
Example: I don’t have the habit of getting involved in other people’s arguments
28. A Sport You Have Learned
Describe a sport that you have learned.
You should say:
what sport it is
when you learned it
what you learned to do
and explain how you feel about this sport.
ANSWER:
Basketball is the sport which I have been interested in for a long time. Therefore, I have
taken up this sport recently.
Basketball is played by two teams of five members on a rectangular court, where the players
of each team try to shoot the ball through the rival’s hoop . As far as I know , basketball is
one of the most popular sports in the world. This is because of basketball’s great be nefits to
our health , such as muscular development , height growth, and so on. Of course, it’s also
fast -moving and exciting .
Considering its huge advantages , I decided to take up this sport. Actually , I have been
learning it for three months at a sport center. Here, I am taking the beginner course which
provides me with basic skills to play basketball such as dribbling , jumping and shooting.
Also, I have many opportunities to practise these skills with experienced basketball players,
which h elps to improve my game a lot.

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As a final point, I would emphasize that in the near future, I hope that I will be able to play
basketball skillfully to improve my physical condition and really enjoy the sport to the full .

VOCABULARY
✓ take up: [phrasal ve rb] learn or start to do something.
Example: I decided to take up a new hobby – jogging.
✓ rival: [noun] a person, team or company which competes with another in sport or
business.
Example: Nike and Adidas are rivals in the sportswear business.
✓ hoop: [noun] the ring through which players throw the ball in basketball to score
points.
Example: The best basketball players consistently shoot the ball through the hoop .
✓ muscular development: [expression] the process by which your muscles become
stronger.
Example: He uses the equipment at the gym every day in order to increase his muscular
development.
✓ dribbling: [gerund] a way of moving the ball with several short bounces on the
basketball court.
Example: I practice running and bouncing the ball in ord er to improve my dribbling for
basketball.
✓ to the full: [adverb] to the greatest possible degree.
Example: Staying fit and healthy helps us to enjoy life to the full.
29. Describe a wild animal
You should say:
What it looks like
Where you can see it

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Wha t it likes to eat or do
Why you like it

ANSWER
I would like to tell you about an opportunity that I met a white tiger which is one of the star
attractions in Singapore Zoo during my last summer vacation.
I was recommended to see white tiger first due to its rarity and uncommon beauty. Its habitat
is landscaped to resemble a dense jungle. I was truly attracted and felt excited at the first
sight by its gorgeous appearance. This giant cat has blue eyes, pink nose, and creamy white
fur covered with brown stripes.
In the wild, this animal’s diet consists of monkeys, birds and other animals as it is a
carnivore . It also prefers killing young, weak or old animals because they cannot run as fast
and are often lef t alone by their herd. In the zoo, it is fed by animal’s meat even including
imported meat namely Kangaroo’s meat.
At the beginning I felt scared a little bit because tigers are well - known for a dangerous
species as well as the King of animals. However a fter encountering this white tiger, I changed
my mind since it was very cute and friendly to human.
As tigers in general and white tigers in particular are endangered species , I suggest that
people should make a great effort to preserve them.

VOCABULARY
✓ Star attraction : famous attraction
Ex: white tiger is one of the star attractions in Singapore Zoo
✓ Landscape : to change the appearance of an area of land , especially next to a
building or road so that it looks more like natural countryside
Ex: Its habitat is landscaped to resemble a dense jungle
✓ Resemble : to look like or be like someone or something
Ex : After the earthquake , the city resembled a battlefield
✓ Gorgeous: very beautiful and attractive; giving pleasure and enjoyment
Ex: you look gorgeous!
✓ Carnivore : any animal that eats meat
Ex: lions and tigers are carnivores
✓ Endangered species : a type of animal or plant that might stop existing because
there are only a few of that type alive

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Ex: white tiger is an endangered species
✓ Make a great effort : the physical or mental energy that you need to do something;
something that takes a lot of energy
Ex: You should make a great effort to complete this assignment.

30. Describe a time when you were very busy.
You should say:
When it was
What you had to do during that time
How you managed it
And explain how you felt about being busy.

ANSWER
Today I’m going to talk about a time when I was extremely busy. Well, that was when my
husband went on a business trip to India, so he was absent from home for about a fortnight .
I found myself totally overloaded with work then because I had to do a lot of things on my
own during that time. For instance, I had to take the kids to school and pick them up to take
them home in the evening, prepare the meals and do the washi ng -up . What’s more, I still
had to work for 8 hours as an accountant and could not leave the office until 5p.m. These
things seemed to be impossible tasks for me.
So, I decided to seek help from my family and friends. I asked my mother to pick up the kids
and look after them until I came back. Luckily it didn’t matter to my mother. She always
gave me unconditional love and help, and the kids were also happy to be with their
grandmother. My friends introduced me to a part -time home help who was really nice and
trustworthy to do the housework in the evening.
Thanks to that, in spite of being busy when my husband was away, I was not exhausted and
everything went well. As the saying goes: “A friend in need is a friend indeed”, experiencing
that hectic time ma de me realise that, besides my family, there are so many friends around
who are willing to help me, so I am not alone.

VOCABULARY
✓ Extremely : (adv) an intensifier, like very, highly, to a high degree or extent
Example : She behaved extremely badly.
✓ Absent from (adj):not in the place, not present

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Example : I was absent from work yesterday, because I had to see my doctor.
✓ A fortnight (noun) two weeks.
Example : We will spend a fortnight in Thailand next month.
✓ Overloaded with work : having an excessive amount of work, the amount of work to
be done is too heavy
Example : He complained that he was overloaded with work because his boss had given him
a lot of extra jobs to do.
✓ On my own : alone, by myself, without any help or support
Example : She lives alone, so she always has to do many things on her own .
✓ Pick them up (home): take somebody home after work or school
Example : Can you pick me up at 6? Because I leave work at 6 and have no motorbike.
✓ Do the washing -up: to wash, clean the dishes, saucepans, knives, or an ything related
to the meal preparation.
Example : After a very delicious dinner, she helped her mother to do the washing -up .
✓ Look after: to keep an eye on something/somebody, pay attention to
somebody/something with care
Example : She asked her husband to look after the kids in the garden.
✓ Unconditional (adj)/: without condition, not limited by condition. Unconditional love
means that you will love someone no matter what he does, or no matter what happens, your
love will continue.
Example : The mother’s love for her child is unconditional .
✓ Home help (noun) a person whose job it is to help with housework.
Example : When I started to work full -time, I employed a home help to keep the house clean
and tidy.
✓ Trustworthy (adj): reliable, honest. A trustworthy person is someone you can trust ,
and who never tells lies.
Example : My assistant is a trustworthy person and so he looks after my business when I am
away.
✓ Exhausted (adj) extremely tired, having no energy or strength to do something
Example : Because he ha d worked without a break for 12 hours, he was finally exhausted .
31. Describe a new skill you would like to learn.
You should say:
what skill (= what you would like to learn to do)
where you would learn it (or, where you think would be the best place to learn it)

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how difficult you think it would be
and explain why you would like to learn this skill.


ANSWER:
I’ d like to talk about a new skill that I want to learn. I’ m the kind of adventurous person
who enjoys the challenge of learning new things, whether it is a new sport or a skill that
would be useful to me.
I would like to have the skills to set up my own website. Probably the best place to learn to
do this would be online, using a distance -learning course run by a univ ersity, which I could
take free of charge. I wouldn ’ t need to travel and I could complete the course at my own
pace in my spare time.
Although there would be a lot to learn, I already use computers all the time, so I think that I
could pick up the basics quite quickly. With practice, I would become more creative and able
to incorporate new features on my website.
Of course, I imagine that I would find the course interesting, but I have a practical reason for
wanting to master this skill. I have recently started my own company, selling sports goods,
so it would be a really cost -effective and attractive way to advertise my products.
VOCABULARY
✓ adventurous: [adjective] willing to take risks and try new ideas.
Example: My friend is very adventurous and she loves to try the local cuisine when we
travel to other countries.
✓ challenge: [noun] a new or difficult task that tests someone’s ability or skill.
Example: It will be a big challenge to pass my final exams.
✓ set up: [phrasal verb] create or start something.
Example: The government has set up a new clinic in the city centre.
✓ distance learning: [noun] a system of education where people study at home with the
help of special Internet sites, and e-mail work to their teachers.
Example: Although he lives in the countryside, he is able to take a distance learning course
to qualify as an engineer.
✓ at my own pace: [expression] at the speed which is best for me.
Example: She prefers to study alone, so that she can work at her own pace.

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✓ pick up: [phrasal verb] get information or a skill quite easily, without too much
work.
Example: I picked up a lot of English during my visit to New York.

✓ creative: [adjective] able to use skill and imagination to produce something new.
Example: The advertising company employs a creative team to think of new ideas and
designs.
✓ incorporate: [verb] to include something, so that it then forms part of something else.
Example: The teacher incorporates music into his English lessons, to make them more
enjoyable.
✓ master: [verb] learn or understanding something completely.
Example: I was never able to master the French language when I was at school.
✓ cost -effective: [adjective] giving the best possible results for the money and time
spent on something.
Example: Using more security cameras in public places is a cost -effective way to reduce
crime.
✓ attractive: [adjective] having features or qualities that make something seem
interesting or pleasant.
Example: My flat is opposite some attractive gardens, which are full of trees and flowers.

32. Describe a short holiday (vacation) that was special for you.
You should say:
where you went
who you spent time with
what you did
and explain why it was special for you.

ANSWER:
I would like to talk a bout my recent holiday in Thailand with my best friend last summer,
which was really memorable for us. Although this trip only lasted for 4 days , it involved a
lot of planning ahead.
To be honest, travelling to Thailand can be quite costly and, due to financial constraints , we
started saving up for our holiday. We booked the plane tickets a month ahead to get a

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couple of cheaper ones. Because we definitely did not want to use a travel agent or book a
package tour , we had to search for a lot of informati on online to organize our own journey.
Throughout the trip, there were a lot of interesting things that we had a chance to
experience together. We visited some well -known tourist attractions in Thailand, which
allowed us to discover a new culture and tradi tional customs there. What we really enjoyed
was Thai cuisine . Despite the fact that we did not like food that is too spicy , the variety of
Thai street dishes tempted us to try them. We also stopped by open markets at night to buy
clothing and souvenirs fo r our families back home .
I think travelling is really the best way to practice relaxation. It dawned on me that we had
been very caught up in study during the year, and so this trip helped us to get away from it
all , leave our worries behind and enjoy ou rselves.






VOCABULARY
✓ memorable: [adjective] something special, good or unusual that we will remember
for a long time.
Example: My first visit to New York was the most memorable trip of my life.
✓ costly: [adjective] expensive
Example: A new car would be too costly for me, so I decided to look for a used car.
✓ financial constraints : [noun] a lack of money that restricts your freedom to buy or do
something.
Example: The economic crisis will impose serious financial constraints on the spending on
schools this year.
✓ save up: [phrasal verb] to keep money, not spend it, to buy a particular thing.
Example: I’m saving up for a new TV.
✓ book: [verb] to buy or reserve something in advance.
Example: She has booked her IELTS exam in October.
✓ travel agent: [noun] a person or business that makes holiday or travel arrangements
for people, like booking a flight or hotel room.

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Example: A travel agent can often give good advice when you explain the type of holiday
that you want.
✓ package tour: [noun] a holiday in which everything is organized by the travel
company at a fixed price and includes flights, hotels and any extras, such as hiring a car.
Example: Package tours are popular with people who don’t have much time to organize
their holiday themselves.
✓ cuisine: [noun] a style of cooking.
Example: Tourists who visit Italy usually enjoy the Italian cuisine.
✓ spicy: [adjective] having a hot, strong taste because spices have been used to make
it.
Example: I like Indian cuisine, but I prefer the dishes that are not too spicy.
✓ tempt: [verb] attract somebody to have or to do something.
Example: The delicious smell of Thai meals tempted him to try some dishes.
✓ back home: [expression] in the town or country that you came from.
Example: She often thinks of her friends back home in Vietnam.
✓ dawn on: [phrasal verb] if something dawns on you, you realize it for the first time.
Example: It dawned on me that I had not replied to his e-mail.
✓ caught up: [phrasal verb] to become involved in something.
Example: We were very caught up in our studies last year, often studying until late at night.
✓ get away from it all: [expression] to have a holiday in a place where you can relax.
Example: I like to go camping in the countryside, to get away from it all and enjoy being
alone.
✓ worries: [noun] things that cause you to worry or to be stressed.
Example: After he had passed the exam, all his worries disappeared.
33. Describe an activity you do for your health or fitness.
You should say:
what you do
how often you do it
where you do it
and explain how you think this activity helps you stay healthy or fit.

ANSWER

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Staying in good shape is everyone’s concern and I am no exception. To b e honest, I have
been so caught up in my study since I entered university that I have a problem in
organizing my daily routine . However, I have been participating in a yoga class for about 2
years , which takes me only 1 hour a day, to try to lead a healthy lifestyle .
Unlike dancing or running, yoga definitely involves stretching actions . You might look at
yoga and think that it is light and easy but it is more demanding than it appears. Yoga allows
me to work on all the parts of my body . It can burn a lot of calories in just one hour of
training. Also, it enhances my flexibility and suppleness in every single movement.
What I enjoy the most about yoga is meditation . It is all about regulating your breathing
and helping you take things off your mind easily. Another thing is that doing yoga is
supposed to be good for curing headaches and digestion -related problems, so it benefits not
only physical well -being but also mental health .
By maintaining a schedule of taking part in the yoga class on a daily basis, I feel extremely
relaxed and full of energy after the class. It helps me to keep fit and refresh my mind after
a long stressful day. And of course , I don’t see myself stopping practicing this activity any
time soon .
VOCABULARY
✓ in good shape: [expression] the good physical condition of someone.
Example: For a man of his age, he is in good shape.
✓ caught up: [phrasal verb] completely involved in something.
Example: He was so caught up in the TV program, that he forgot to do his homework.
✓ stretching actions: [noun] actions which make your muscles stronger by exercises in
which you extend your arms and legs.
Example: When I get up in the morning, I do some stretching actions to exercise the
muscles in my arms.
✓ demanding: [adjective] need ing a lot of effort.
Example: The work of a farmer is physically very demanding.
✓ work on: [phrasal verb] try hard to improve something, or how something functions.
Example: She works on her yoga skills by practising the exercises every day.
✓ burn a lot of calories: [expression] use up a lot of energy [that comes from the food
we eat].
Example: One reason why people do exercise is to burn a lot of calories and lose weight.
✓ flexibility: [noun] the ability to move and bend your body easily.

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Example: Regular exercise helps older people to maintain their flexibility , especially by
stretching their muscles.
✓ suppleness: [noun] the ability to move and bend your body into different positions –
it is a synonym for flexibility.
Example: Different yoga movem ents develop suppleness in different muscles.
✓ meditation: [noun] thinking deeply in silence, to make you feel calm.
Example: To help you to relax, try meditation after a stressful day at work.
✓ regulating your breathing: [expression] controlling the way in which you breathe in
and out.
Example: An important part of learning how to swim is regulating your breathing.
✓ take things off your mind: [expression] forget things which are causing you anxiety
or stress.
Example: After an exam, I usually have a short holiday, to take things off my mind and
enjoy myself.
✓ cure: [verb] make an illness go away.
Example: The website advertises a new drug for curing AIDS.
✓ digestion: [noun] the process of changing the food you eat into substances that the
body can use.
Example: Unlike cows or horses, the digestion of grass is impossible for humans.
✓ well -being: [noun] general health and happiness.
Example: The company tries to ensure the well -being of its employees by providing good
working conditions.
✓ schedule: [noun] a plan that lists all the things that you have to do and when you
must do them.
Example: For the next few days, I have a busy schedule , which includes my yoga class each
morning.
✓ I don’t see myself stopping: [ex pression] I don’t think that I will stop.
Example: I don’t see myself stopping working in the next 10 years because I have to
support my family.
✓ any time soon: [expression] in the near future, soon.
Example: I should receive the exam results any time soon – perhaps tomorrow.

34. Describe an antique or some other old thing that your family has kept for a long
time.

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You should say:
what it is
how (or when) your family first got this thing
how long your family has kept it
and explain why this thing is important to your family.

ANSWER:
Today, I am going to share with you an old possession that my family has kept for a long
time. It is an antique terra -cotta dish, which is displayed in an honoured position in the living
room.
This old dish originated fr om feudal times in Vietnam, although I am not sure of the year
exactly. It might have belonged to the Nguyen Dynasty . It is made from pottery material with
some small artificial fissures , and it was my grandfather’s favourite thing when he was still
alive. There is a village picture painted in blue in the centre of the dish.
When I was a child, my grandfather used to tell me the story of this dish. His close friend
gave it to him to celebrate his house -warming in the past. They had been companions in arms
for a long time, so that was the reason why he really treasured their ties and that gift as a
reminder of their friendship.
There is a lot of other modern furniture arranged in my house nowadays, however, this
antique object is still a treasured possessio n for each member of my family. We have kept
this antique dish for over 30 years, even when my grandpa passed away and left it for my
family. Whenever I look at this dish, it always reminds me of my grandfather as a fond
memento .
Vocabulary:
possession: [noun] something that you own.
Example: When leaving the plane, please make sure that you have all your possessions with
you.

antique: [adjective] old and often valuable
Example: I have an antique table in my living room which is about 200 years old .

terracotta: [noun] material of a red -brown colour, used to make pots.
Example: My mother still cooks using traditional terracotta pots.
honoured: [adjective] very respected, showing respect for something.

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Example: The President was an honoured guest at the ceremony.

feudal: [adjective] describing a time in the past when given land and protection by a rich
person, and had to work and fight for him in return.
Example: Life in feudal times in Vietnam was very hard for poor people who worked on the
land.

dynasty: [noun] a series of rulers of a country who all belong to the same family.
Example: Pottery from the time of the Ming Dynasty in China is very valuable.

pottery: [noun] pots or dishes, usually made by hand from a type of earth call ed clay and
made hard by baking in an oven.
Example: I learned to make traditional dishes by hand by going to a pottery class.

fissures: [noun] long cracks in something.
Example: The rocks had many fissures , some of which were very deep.

house -warmin g: [noun] a party given by someone who has moved into a new house.
Example: My new neighbours invited our family to their house -warming party.

companions -in-arms: [noun] people who have been soldiers, fighting together.
Example: My two uncles were companions -in -arms during World War 2.

treasure: [verb] to have or keep something that you love and is very valuable to you.
Example: Thank you for your gift. I will always treasure it.

ties: [noun] strong connections between people, especially frie ndships or family
relationships.
Example: She continues to have close ties with her old school friends, and she often visits or
calls them.

fond: [adjective] kind, happy and loving [when used before a noun].
Example: I have fond memories of my years in London.

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memento: [noun] a thing that you have which reminds you of a person or place.
Example: We returned home with some mementos of our holiday in China.

35. Describe a time when you made a mistake.
You should say:
where you were
what you were doing
what mistake you made
and explain what was the result of your mistake.

ANSWER
Today, I am going to share with you a time when I made a mistake. This situation happened
last year when I had to attend a final exa m for my business management qualification.

The test required candidates to use a calculator because the exam involved doing a lot of
calculations. I was sure that putting the calculator into my bag was the first thing I had done
in the morning. As it tur ned out , I had not. I realized that I would definitely not pass if I was
not be able to borrow a calculator immediately.

I really did not want to put myself at risk of delaying my graduation plan, because I had
devoted a lot of valuable time to this su bject, and had even paid money for the upcoming
semester. In panic, I figured out that I had to ask for help. I decided to make a call to one of
my classmates living in the dormitory to borrow her calculator.

Unfortunately, she was not in Hanoi at that t ime. As a result, I had to manage without a
calculator to deal with this difficult situation. Although I scraped by in the exam, I failed to
get a high mark. It was an extremely valuable lesson for me. I learnt the hard way that I need
to be more careful a nd well -prepared for the important things in my life.

Vocabulary:
calculator: [noun] a small electronic device for dealing with numbers.
Example: As my course is based on mathematics, I always carry a pocket calculator with
me.

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turn out: [phrasal verb] to be discovered [for example, in a particular situation].
Example: The hotel room, as it turned out , was facing a busy road.

devote to: [phrasal verb] give an amount of time or attention to something.
Example: I devote two hours eve ry evening to doing my homework.

upcoming: [adjective] going to happen soon.
Example: Who do you think will win the upcoming US Presidential election?

figure out: [phrasal verb] think about something until you understand it.
Example: I couldn’t fig ure out how to install the software, so I asked my best friend for
advice.

dormitory: [noun] a room for several people to sleep, especially in a school, college or other
institution.
Example: He shares a dormitory with 4 other students, but he would pr efer to have his own
private room.

manage: [verb] succeed in doing something difficult.
Example: Despite all the traffic on the roads, we managed to arrive at the airport on time.

scrape by: [phrasal verb] to succeed in doing something, but with dif ficulty.
Example: He is happy that he scraped by in the exam, because he did not do any revision.

learn the hard way: [expression] learn something by experience – usually in an unpleasant
way.
Example: Since I fell off my motorbike last year and hurt my head, I have learnt the hard
way that I should always wear a helmet.

36. Describe a time when the weather caused you to change your plan.
You should say:
when it happened
what happened

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how you changed your plan
ANSWER:
Last month, I was going to have a picnic with my friends at a camping site on the outskirts
of the city. Unfortunately , due to bad weather, we had to cancel our plan .
In fact , we planned to have a picnic to refresh ourselves and to relax after the final term
examination. Everything needed such as food, drinks and even a change of clothes was well -
prepared. I was so excited about this trip that I couldn’t sleep, and ended up chatting with
my friends all night. However , on the next day, it was raining heavily, despite the fact that
the weather was forecast to be nice and warm. As a result, we made a decision to put off our
plans.
Instead , we threw a party at my friend’s house. We made some favorite dishes together, and
then play ed cards . The ones who lost had to buy snacks for all of us. Surprisingly , we soon
forgot all about our misfortune over the picnic. By the way, we enjoyed this party a lot, it
helped us to chill out and get ready for the new term .

VOCABULARY
✓ a change of clothes: [expression] an extra set of clothes.
Example: In case it rained, we took a change of clothes so that we would have some dry
things to wear.
✓ ended up: [phrasal verb] found myself in a situation that I had not expected to be in.
Example: Afte r I was hit by a car, I ended up in hospital for three months.
✓ put off: [phrasal verb] cancel a meeting or arrangement.
Example: Plans to open the new supermarket have been put off until next month.
✓ threw a party : [expression] organized a party.
Example: We threw a party when my sister came to visit us from Australia.
✓ forgot all about: [expression] forgot completely.

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Example: He enjoyed the concert so much that he forgot all about his problems at work.
✓ chill out: [phrasal verb] spend time relaxing and forgetting your worries.
Example: On holiday, I like to chill out on the beach and enjoy the fresh air.
38, 39. Describe a situation (or time) when you received some useful advice./Describe an
important conversation that you had with someone.
Describe a situation (or time) when you received some useful advice
You should say:
what the situation was
who gave you the advice
what the advice was
and explain how this advice was useful to you.

Describe an important conversation that you had with someone.
You should say:
when you had this conversation
who you had the conversation with
what the conversation was about
and explain how this conversation influenced you.

ANSWER:
- It was 5 years ago when I was in my junior year of college, I was struggling to find
out what career would I follow in the future. As juniors, we had to choose courses related to
our business concentration such as marketing, finance, human resources or man agement. At
that moment, I was confused since I did not specifically like any of them.
- As the deadline closely approached , I had to quickly make my decision. I decided to
talk with my father, a wise man, about my problem. Different from many other parents who
always make decisions for their children; my father guides me to the answer and lets me
choose what I want.

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- He asked me what I would like my life to be like when I graduated, then analyzed my
personality , discussed my strengths and weaknesses. He also showed me some career paths I
could follow if I chose certain options.
- After an hour of talking to him, everything had be come clearer and I finally made my
decision to follow a career in finance. Thanks to the conversation that day, I understood more
about myself. Five years have passed, I am now a financial analyst for an entertainment
company and I have never regretted my decision.
-
VOCABULARY:
✓ career: your profession, the type of employment you will likely have for a long
period of your life or perhaps your entire life; “She was happy to have chosen a career that
suited her personality perfectly.”
✓ related to: having to do with, having an association with; in this context the student
needs to take courses that are related to business; “She is tired of taking courses related to her
major; now she just wants to take classes for fun.”
✓ deadline: a time when something is due, whe n it has to be done; “I am hoping that we
will finish this project by our deadline.”
✓ closely approach: to get closer and closer to a certain point or destination in a short
amount of time; when something is closely approaching it means you are very near to that
time; “The baby’s due date is closely approaching and we still aren’t prepared.”
✓ guides me: to guide is to help someone by showing them a way or by giving specific
information or assistance without actually doing the task for them; “The teacher guide s us in
how to learn proper study techniques.”
✓ analyzed my personality : to examine, assess or evaluate your personality from
different points of view; you can take a personality test like the Meyers -Briggs to help see
your patterns and propensities; “My mother is a psychologist and she loves to analyze
people’s personalities to see what makes them tick.”
✓ regret: to feel sad, repentant, or disappointed over (something that has happened or
been done, especially a loss or missed opportunity). “He regretted not having attended
college sooner.”

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40, 41. Describe a street that you like to visit. /Describe what you would do if you had a
day off, free from work or study.
Describe a street that you like to visit
You should say:
where is it
how often you go there
what you usually do there
and explain why you like to go there

Describe what you would do if you had a day off, free from work or study.
You should say:
where you would go
what you would do there
who you would go with
and explain how you think you would feel at the end of this day.

As a full time employee/student, I don’t have much free time. As a result, whenever I have a
day off, I visit my favorite street in the city. The name of the street is Hoang Dieu. It is
located near Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and it is the place where I would always choose to go.

I usually go there in the morning, park my moped in the nearby parking lot and walk along
the street by myself. Although I am quite a sociable person, I like my own space from time
to time. Living in a metropo litan area with a fast -paced life doesn’t allow me to have time
for myself that often. This is probably the only time I can escape from my normal routine,
completely free and just breathe, without worrying about my job/my studies.

This street is perfect f or my purpose because there are only government offices around here,
hence it is always quiet. Moreover, both side of the streets are planted with many big trees,
their shade covers the whole street. On a sunny day, you can see the sun’s rays shining
throu gh the leaves.

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Every time I come here I feel fresh and less stressed, especially after my busy days at work/
preparing for exams. At the end of the day, I can refresh my mind and be ready for a new
day.

VOCABULARY
✓ moped: [noun] a motorcycle with a small engine and also pedals.
Example: I sometimes use the engine on my moped , but more often I use the pedals, like a
bicycle.
✓ sociable: [adjective] a sociable person is someone who enjoys spending time with
other people.
Example: she’s a sociable child who will talk to anyone.
✓ my own space : my freedom and time to think and do what I want.
Example: he was tired of being with other people, so he went to his room to get some space.
✓ metropolitan: [adjective] connected with a large city.
Example: my brother lives in the New York metropolitan area.
✓ fast -paced: [adjective] very busy
Example: my university course is very fast -paced , so it is difficult to complete all my
assignments on time.
✓ shade: [noun] an area that is dark and cool under or behind something [like a tree],
where the light of the sun does not reach it.
Example: We sat down in the shade of the wall.
✓ rays: [noun] narrow lines of light.
Example: The rays of the sun entered my window when the sun rose early in the morning.
✓ refresh: [verb] to refresh somebody is to make them less tired or less hot.
Example: A cool shower refreshed me after running in the park.

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42, 43. Describe a person you were friendly to, although you did not really like them
(him or her)/Describe an experience you had as a member of a team.
Describe a person you were friendly to, although you did not really like them (him or
her)
You should say:
who this person was -> I'm going to talk about .....
when and where it happened
what the situation was
why you didn't like this person -> there are some reasons why.... Firstly, ...secondly, ...
and explain why you were (or had to be) friendly to this person
and explain what the results we re after you were friendly to this person

Describe an experience you had as a member of a team.
You should say:
where it was
who were the members of the team
what you did together in this team
and explain why you became a member of this team or explain what the purpose of the team
was

ANSWER
I would like to describe a person who I had to be friendly to, although I did not really like
her. I think this situation is quite common in our lives, especially when we have to act as part
of a team.
A couple of months ago, I was assigned to a team at my workplace in order to tackle a big
project. As part of the team, I had to cooperate closely with this person. However, we had
never really liked each other for several reasons. Firstly, she is much older than I am, so she
always thinks she is right and disregards the opinions of others. I would describe her as both
bossy and officious , although she did not have a more senior position than I did in the
company. Secondly, I considered her irresponsible because she did not appear to me to pay
serious attention to the project. So, although it was supposedly a group project, I ended up
working all on my own as much as possible in order to see the task through .

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As the work was vital for our company, we had to be successful. I therefore had no choice
except to collaborate with her in order to finish the job. I would rather have done all the work
alone, but if I had refused to work with her as part of the team, then the evaluation of my job
performance would have been affected at the end of the year. So, knowing her personality as
I did, I swallowed my pride and tried to be patient.
Despite our many arguments, we completed the task on time. I learned that sometimes people
can work together, even though they don’t get on with each other. It just needs a little bit of
time and patience to work things out , and each person has to compromise to achieve a
common goal.

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VOCABULARY
✓ disregard = to pay no attentio n to something or someone.
✓ bossy = a bossy person is someone who is always telling other people what to do.
✓ officious = an officious person is someone who uses their authority or position to give
orders to others - another word would be domineering .
✓ irresponsible = an irresponsible person has no feeling of responsibility for
something.
✓ supposedly = according to what most people think.
✓ end up = to find yourself in a situation that you did not expect to be in.
✓ on my own = alone.
✓ see.....through = if we see something through, we do not give up until it is finished.
✓ collaborate = to work together with others to achieve something.
✓ swallowed my pride = to hide my feelings, even though I wanted to express what I
was thinking.
✓ get on with = to get on with someone is to have a friendly relationship with them.
✓ work things out = to find a solution.
✓ compromise = to give up some of your ideas in order to come to an agreement with
someone.
44. Describe an outdoor activity you like to do
You should say:
What it is
Where you like to do it
How you do it
And explain why you like to do it

ANSWER

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My favorite outdoor activity is jogging. It’s a kind of running at a slow or leisurely pace that
helps to build up your physical fitness .
I much prefer to go jogging in open spaces like parks or lakesides. There, you can enjoy fresh
air and watch people doing various types of physical activity such as running, aerobic
exercises, playing badminton, and so on.
I normally go jogging in the morning with my close friend either at weekends, or in the
afternoon, after a tiring schoolday. We often chat together while we’re jogging, sharing with
each other stories about school or sometimes discussing stuff that is going viral on the
Internet.
I love jogging because it’s beneficial to our health, that goes without saying , and it does not
require as much stamina as fast running . Moreover, unlike other forms of exercise, jogging
is quite easy to do and it allows me to watch people and things as I pass by. I think it’s really
relaxing and inspiring to see the world around us, watching everyone keeping active doing
their own thing and feeling part of it all when I’m out jogging.

VOCABULARY
✓ at a slow /leisurely pace (với nh ịp độ ch ậm rãi) [expression] at a slow speed/
unhurriedly
Example: You can even read at a leisurely pace , as these books have no due dates and can
be returned at any time.
✓ build up [phrasal verb] make somebody stronger and fitter
Example: I am training to build up my fitness for the race.
✓ physical fitness (th ể chât) [n] general state of health and well -being
Example: Researchers have suggested that physical fitness may play a key role in improving
the brain health and academic performance of youngsters.
✓ various (nhi ều)[a] many/ several different
Example: She sp oke to various members of the club.
✓ stuff [n] items or products in general – informal – without specifying what they are
Example: The shop sells i-pads, laptops and stuff like that.
✓ go viral (lan truy ền ) [idiom] spread quickly and widely among Internet users
Example: “Gangnam Style” is a video that went viral several years ago, even though most of
us don’t understand a word of it.
✓ beneficial(có lợi)[a] helpful, useful

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Example: The improvement in sales figure had a beneficial influence on the company as a
whole.
✓ goes without saying( không cần ph ải nói ) [idiom] be generally accepted or
understood
Example: It goes without saying that you will improve your skills with practice.
✓ require (yêu cầu)[v] need (something)
Example: Skiing at 80 miles per hour requir es total concentration.
✓ stamina [n] physical or mental strength that enables you to do something difficult for
a long period of time
Example: You need a lot of stamina to run a marathon.
✓ doing their own thing [expression] following their own interests, without worrying
about what other people think
Example: When young people leave home to live abroad, they enjoy doing their own thing ,
because they have more freedom to follow their interests.

45. Describe an advertisement you have seen.
You should say:
What the advertisement is
What it is for
And explain how you think about it.

ANSWER :
Well, I’d like to talk about a mooncake commercial that I saw yesterday during dinner. It
made me feel quite homesick.
As you may know, the Mid -Autumn Festival is coming an d this time is my favourite time of
the year. One interesting thing I found is that most of the ads for this traditional festival are so
touching and meaningful. Of course, the ad I mentioned is no exception. It starts with the
image of a little girl missi ng her dad, who’s in the army now and has been far from home for
a long time. On the Mid -Autumn day, while all of her family members, except her father, are
gathering around the five -fruit tray, celebrating the festival, she looks so sad hugging the
Teddy Bear he gave her last year. Suddenly, the door opens and her dad comes in with a
mooncake box, she bursts into tears , then he holds her tightly in his arms. At the end of the
ad, the whole family is enjoying mooncakes happily together.

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The meaning of the M id-Autumn festival is for family members to gather , encouraging
affection for children and expressing gratitude to the older generation, so for me, this
advertisement successfully conveyed the message of family reunion . As I now live far from
my family, it made me want to come back home right away and enjoy the taste of my
favourite mooncakes with my parents. Actually when I saw the ad, my eyes filled with tears
too, just like the little girl. Normally, I don’t really like watching ads on TV, but if all the
commercials can be that meaningful, maybe I’ll change my habit.

VOCABULARY
✓ commercial (Qu ảng cáo) [n] an advertisement on the radio or TV
Example: They’re looking for actors for a phone commercial .
✓ homesick [n] sad because you are away from your home and family
Example: After spending a month in the USA, I felt homesick for Vietnam.
✓ touching (C ảm động) [adj] making you feel sympathy or pity
Example: It was a touching story, which moved many of us to tears.
✓ miss [v] feel sad because you can no longer see somebody
Example: When I first went to university, I missed my sisters a lot.
✓ hug [v] put your arms around somebody and hold them tightly
Example: Before I got on the train, I said goodbye to my parents and I hugged them for a
few moments.
✓ bu rst into tears (Òa khóc) [expression] begin to cry suddenly
Example: The children burst into tears on hearing about the death of their dog.
✓ affection (Tình cảm, cảm xúc) [n] the feeling of liking/loving somebody very much
and caring about them
Example: Children need lots of love and affection .
✓ gratitude (S ự biết ơn) [n] the feeling of being grateful and wanting to express your
thanks
Example: The boss expressed his gratitude to all the staff for their hard work during the
year.
✓ convey (Truy ền) [v] to make ideas or feelings known to somebody
Example: I will be late for the appointment, so please convey my apologies to the customer.
✓ reunion (Đoàn tụ, sum họp) [n] the act of people coming together, after they have
been apart for some time

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Example: Chr istmas is a time of reunion, when family and friends have the chance to see
each other again.

46. Describe a website that you like to visit.
You should say:
What the website is
What it is used for
When you used it
And explain why you think it was interesting.

ANSWER
Today, I am going to tell you about one website which I’m really interested in. It’s name is
m.ebay.com.
It is an e-commerce website used for online shopping purposes. This website advertises
various items classified by categories suc h as fashion, electronics, and motors. It allows
people to order products, and make transactions online.
I always give priority to shopping online whenever I have spare time instead of going to
stores or supermarkets. So, this website is very handy for me as I can take advantage of my
mobile phone or computer with an Internet connection to access it and purchase what I need.
I find this website very appealing due to its good layout and attractive images of products.
There is a box for me to enter what item s I’m looking for so I can avoid browsing items
unnecessarily, as I’m able to find quickly the things I need. After that the items I have bought
will be delivered right to my door so I can save a lot of time.
Not only that, there is always the chance to get a good deal and discounts as there are various
promotion programs.
This website has important advantages for me, such as convenience and the benefits of saving
time and money. Now it plays a useful role in my daily life. In the future I will continue t o
visit the site and of course recommend it to my friends.

VOCABULARY
✓ E-commerce: the business of buying and selling goods and services on the internet
Example : Ebay is an e-commerce website used for online shopping purposes.
✓ Transaction: a piece of business that is done between people, especially an act of
buying or selling

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Example : You can call your bank and carry out a transaction using a Touch -Tone phone .
✓ Give priority to: so mething that you think is more important than other things and
should be dealt with first
Example : The hospital gives priority to those patients who require urgent medical attention.
✓ Handy: convenient
Example : My flat is very handy for the shops and the park.
✓ Appealing: attractive or interesting
Example : Brightly colored packaging made the pens especially appealing to children.
✓ Layout: the structure of a website rather than its styling
Example : This page uses a 2 – column layout with one sidebar to the l eft of the main content
area.
✓ Browse: the act of looking through a number of things in a book, a store or online
Example : I have only browsed through the new book on dinosaurs, but I intend to read it
fully this weekend.
✓ Get a good deal: make a good agr eement to buy or sell something
Example : I got a good deal on my new car – I bought it for half the price that the man was
asking for it.

47. Describe a big company that you would like to work in.
You should say:
the name of this company
what this company does
where this company is
and explain why you would like to work in this company.

ANSWER:
Today, I would like to talk about a big company that I would like to work in. Last year, I had
a chance to do an internship in Vincom for 3 mont hs, and it is my dream workplace where I
want to apply for a job when I graduate.

The Vingroup, as you know, is one of the biggest corporations involved in many different
key fields, not only in Vietnam but also in other countries all over the world. Vin com, the real
estate company, is supposed to be the most important sector contributing to the success of

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the Vingroup. They have taken over a lot of well -known resorts , luxury villas and apartment
buildings around Vietnam, incorporating a huge range of ad ditional facilities .

My major involves the property business, so I decided to do my internship there. It is an
extremely big company with dynamic and loyal staff, and a highly professional working style
as well. They formulate their business strategy clea rly and try to reach the targets which they
have set. Their staff receive excellent compensation and benefits packages .

It was a valuable chance for me to broaden my own knowledge not only in my major but also
in many other fields. It enhanced my soft ski lls and allowed me to enlarge my social network.
Therefore, I will try my best to become an employee in Vincom in the near future.

Vocabulary:
internship: [noun] a period of time in which a student or new graduate gets experience in a
job, for example during vacations.
Example: My cousin is doing an internship with a company of lawyers after graduating in
law last month.


dream workplace: [noun] the ideal place where you would like to work.
Example: If you love chocolates, a chocolate factory would be your dream workplace .

real estate: [noun] property in the form of land or buildings.
Example: My aunt works in a real estate company, selling and renting houses to customers.

take over: [phrasal verb] gain control of.
Example: His small electronics company was taken over by Samsung.

resorts: [noun] a place where a lot of people go on holiday/vacation.
Example: Many British touri sts go to beach resorts in Thailand.

luxury villas: [noun] expensive houses where people stay on holiday/vacation.
Example: The luxury villas in Spain have private swimming pools and expensive furniture.

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facilities: [noun] services or equipment that are provided for a particular purpose.
Example: The hotel has many facilities , such as satellite TVs in every room and free wi -fi
internet connection.

dynamic: [adjective] having a lot of energy and strong personality.
Example: We have to say that Ba tman and Superman are dynamic characters.

loyal: [adjective] always supporting someone or something.
Example: The minister has always been a loyal friend to the President.

formulate: [verb] to create or prepare something carefully and in detail.
Example: The owners of the company formulated a plan to take over a rival firm.

compensation: [noun] something, especially money, which you receive if you have been
hurt, injured or if you have suffered in some way.
Example: When my father lost his jo b, the company paid him compensation of a full salary
for 1 year.

benefits package: [noun] a number of things which an employer provides in addition to
paying your salary.
Example: The job offers a good benefits package , which includes free health insu rance and
the use of a company car.



soft skills: [noun] personal qualities that enable you to deal successfully with other people.
Example: Candidates for the job should have soft skills , such as working well in a team and
an ability to listen to and respect the opinions of work colleagues.

48. Describe something that you have shared with others (or another person)
You should say:
what you shared
who you shared it with.
why you shared it

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and explain how you felt about sharing it

ANSWER:

Well, I’m kind of an introverted person so I do not tend to share my stories with others. The
only person I fully trust to confide in is my best friend from secondary school, because we
have been close for over 10 years.
At my first year in university, I was a little bored with the major that I had been studying,
because it was not exactly what I had signed up for at first. I meant to apply for the
commercial English department, but unfortunately I did not have a high enough score and,
therefore, business management was my second choice. A lot of thoughts crossed my mind at
that time, like this major was not really my thing , I would not be able to make it and similar
negative feelings.
I was really depressed and eventually turned to her to ask for help. We had a conversation
and she helped me analyze my interests, personality, strengths and weaknesses, which
allowed me to reach a decision by myself. As a result, I kept studying my major and made
time for learning English besides. As we enjoyed such a clos e relationship, I felt really
reassured when I received her useful advice.
Now, I’m a final -year student at university, I am pleased with my decision, thanks to her. She
really is my best friend, always stays by my side and never turns her back on me, and I
treasure our friendship a lot.

Vocabulary:
introverted: [adjective] more interested in your own thoughts and feelings than in spending
time with other people.
Example: As John never interacted with others in class, his teachers considered him to be a n
introverted student.

confide in: [phrasal verb] tell someone personal secrets or information because you believe
that you can trust them.
Example: Whenever she had a problem, she confided in her mother.

close: [adjective] knowing someone very well and liking them very much.
Example: I have always been close to my grandfather, and I visit him regularly.

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sign up: [phrasal verb] arrange to do a course of study by adding your name to the list of
people doing it.
Example: I decided to sign up for extra English classes to help me with my business course.

crossed my mind: [expression] came into my mind.
Example: This morning, it crossed my mind that I need to see my tutor tomorrow.

not my thing: [expression] not something that I like to do.
Ex ample: I don’t want to go to the concert, because listening to rock music is not really my
thing.

be able to make it: [expression] be able to succeed in something.
Example: I was surprised to win the competition – I never thought I’d be able to make it.

depressed: [adjective] feeling sad and without hope.
Example: He felt depressed when he failed the exam, but now he is determined to succeed
next time.

reach a decision: [expression] decide something after some difficulty.
Example: I was not su re whether to visit Thailand or Singapore, but finally I reached a
decision – I would go to Singapore.

reassured: [adjective] feel less frightened or anxious.
Example: The doctor told him that the medical tests were OK, so he felt very reassured.

turn s her back on: [expression] rejects someone that she is close to.
Example: She never turns her back on the people in her family – she is always ready to
support them.

treasure: [verb] have or keep something that is very valuable to you.
Example: Alt hough he is no longer living, I will always treasure my memories of my
grandfather.

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49. Describe a photograph in your home.
You should say:
what is in the photo
where this photo is in your home
how this picture was taken
and explain what this photo means to you.

ANSWER:
Like many other Vietnamese families, I have a big photograph of my family which is hung
on the wall of my living room. It is the first thing that you notice when you walk in the room.

This photo was taken a year ago on the occasion of my cousin’s wedding. It was the first time
for ages that my whole family had gathered together . Even my relatives who are living
further away came home to attend the wedding. It was possibly the first pic ture of my
extended family with my grandmother, all of my grandmother’s children and the in -laws ,
and I have lost count of how many grandchildren are in it. It’s a brilliant photo, with
everyone smiling and laughing, taken by a professional photographer who put everyone at
their ease.

As a typical traditional Vietnamese, I treasure my family. Our ties are worth more than gold.
No matter what happens, I strongly believe that my parents, my siblings and relatives will
always be on my side supporting me. Ev ery time I look at the photograph of my loving
family, I feel blessed and proud.


VOCABULARY

✓ for ages: [expression] a very long time.
Example: I waited for ages , because the flight had been delayed for several hours.

✓ gathered together: [verb] it was the first time for many years that my family had all
come together in the same place, at the same time.
Example: the children were all gathered together in the garden.

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✓ extended family : [noun] a family group that includes not only parents and children,
but also aunts, uncles, cousins, grandparents and in-laws.
Example: she grew up surrounded by a large extended family .
✓ the in -laws: [noun] your relatives by marriage, especially the parents of your
husband or wife.
Example: I am visiting my in -laws on Sunday [the parents of my wife and also her two
sisters].

✓ lose count of: [verb] to forget how many there are of something [because there are a
lot of them].
Example: I have lost count of how many times I have told the students to do their
homework.

✓ put everyone at their ease: [verb] the photographer made everyone feel relaxed.
Example: in the exam, the examiner put the students at their ease by being friendly and
informal.

✓ treasure: [verb] to have something that you love and is very valuable to you.
Example: I treasure his friendship, because it is very important to me to have him as my
friend.


✓ ties: [noun] strong connections between people
Example: the ties of friendship and family ties are the most important connections in our
lives.

✓ sibli ngs: [noun] brothers or sisters
Example: the younger children were badly treated by their older siblings.

✓ blessed: [adjective] fortunate, in a way that brings a feeling of peace.
Example: he was blessed with many good friends and a loving family.

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50, 51, 52. Describe a place where you read and write (not your home) /Describe
a café restaurant that you like (to go to)./Describe a place where you (usually / often) go
to relax. (Not your home)

Describe a place where you read and write (not your home )
You should say:
where it is
how often you go there *
what you read and write there / who else goes there **
and explain why you read and write at this place.
Describe a café restaurant that you like (to go to).
You should say:
where it is
how often you go there
what types of food it has
and explain why you like it.
Describe a place where you (usually / often) go to relax. (Not your home)
You should say:
where this place is
when you go there
what you do there
who is usually there with you
and expl ain why you choose to go to this place to relax.

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Answers:
- Today, I’m going to share with you a place where I usually/often go to relax/read
and write/ hang out with my friends , which is a small café/restaurant near my company/my
house named “ABC”
- As a full -time employee/student, I have to go to work/ school 5 days a week;
therefore , the only time that I can visit this place is on weekends. I always try to make time
for my little trip to “ABC” café every Saturday or Sunday.
- The coffee house is locat ed on a quiet street with a lot of trees planted on both sides.
Additionally , it has a patio with hanging gardens which I like very much; it makes me feel
like I’m sitting in a garden of my own.
- Separated from the hustle and bustle of the city life in Hano i, this place allows me to
sit quietly and reflect , relaxing after a week of hard work. I can concentrate on a personal
project such as reading or writing in my journal without being interrupted by other people.
- It serves great coffee, tea, and cakes, thus , the place always smells very nice. In
addition, the employees are also friendly and helpful.
- Sometimes, I go there with my friends. Over a nice cup of coffee/tea, we share our
stories and smell the beautiful scent of the flowers. At that moment, we can escape from
reality for a little while and enjoy ourselves even more.

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VOCABULARY

✓ to share with you: in this context, to share with someone means to tell someone
about something, you are going to share some information or a story with another person; in
another context you could share an actual thing with someone, like share a meal with another
person or share something that you have, like some fireworks, with another; “I’d like to share
a story with you about my grandmother when she was a young girl.” “He doesn’t want to
share the fish he caught with us.”
✓ hang out with my friends: to spend time with friends, talking, relaxing, visiting; “He
likes to hang out with his friends at the pizza place after school.”
✓ therefore: used when you want to give more inf ormation or explain the reason for
something; consequently; for that reason; “I am going to be in New York next week;
therefore, I’d like to visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art.”
✓ on weekend s: use the preposition on when talking about things you do on Satu rday
and Sunday, the weekend; in this case we use the plural because you are talking about
weekends in general, rather than a specific weekend; “He likes to play golf on weekends.”
British English prefers to say at the weekend or at weekends.
✓ to make time for: to prioritize things so that you have time to do a certain thing that
you want; you have to make time for something in order to ensure that you do it, if you don’t
make time for something, you won’t do it; “He wants his father to make more time for him
on weekends.”
✓ located on a quiet street : when we are talking about the location of something we
use the preposition on, something is located on the corner, on the right or left side, on a hill,
on a mountain; you can also use in for things located in another area, like the office is located
in the building on the left side of the street or the video store is located in the mall, as in
inside the mall; “Our new restaurant is located on one of the busiest streets in San Francisco.”
✓ Additionally: used to give more information; “Additionally, the scientists found that
there were two more species in the area that had never been discovered.”

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✓ hanging gardens: plants and flowers that are hanging in pots from the ceiling; “The
hanging gardens in the train statio n made the place feel very warm and welcoming, unlike
most train stations.”
✓ Separated from: apart from, away from; in a different part of a place; “The
children’s play area is separated from the main part of the building; it is a great place where
families can take their children to play outside.”
✓ hustle and bustle: describes the noise and high level of activity; “My grandfather
hates the hustle and bustle of the city; he prefers the calm and quiet of the countryside.”
✓ city life in: used to describe the act ivity, noise, movement of people and traffic in a
city; use the preposition in or of; “The city life in New York is famous for the variety of
things you can do while there: Broadway shows, concerts, restaurants, bars, museums and so
much more.”
✓ to reflect: to think deeply about something; “After the meeting, he needed time to
reflect on his options before making a final decision.”
✓ concentrate on: to think about something in a focused way, without distractions; “He
found it hard to concentrate on his homewor k while his friends were playing video games in
his room.”
✓ writing in my journal: you use the preposition in when talking about writing in a
journal or notebook; “I like to write in my journal right before I go to bed.”
✓ serves: in this context it is referring to what is offered at the café; it’s what a food
establishment offers to their customers; “They don’t serve meat at this restaurant because it is
a vegetarian restaurant.”
✓ the employees: the people who work at the café or restaurant; “The employe es were
upset with their boss and didn’t want to go to work.”
✓ Over a nice cup of coffee/tea: in this context, using the word over means that you are
doing something, like visiting, while you drink a cup of tea; “We finalized our joint business
venture over dinner last night.” (This means that we finished talking about our joint business
venture while we ate dinner together.)
✓ escape from reality: to leave the reality of something, like your life or a specific
situation; you want to escape from reality especi ally if reality is something that is difficult for

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you to handle, like a difficult job, having lots of work to do, etc. “Many people drink alcohol
to escape from reality, though this strategy has its own problems.”
✓ enjoy ourselves: to have fun, to have a pleasant time; “We enjoyed ourselves last
weekend at our friend’s beach house.”
53, 54. Describe an occasion when you got up very early./Describe a long car journey
you went on
Describe an occasion when you got up very early.
You should say:
when it happene d
why you got up early
who you were with
and explain how you felt about getting up early.

Describe a long car journey you went on
You should say:
where you went
why you went there
who you travelled with
what you saw on the trip (on the way).
and explain why you went by car.

ANSWER
- Like many other young people, I don’t have the habit of waking up early every day,
only for special occasions. Last weekend , I and a group of my friends decided to go on a trip
to the mountainous area of Vietnam ca lled Mu Cang Chai . We had to leave very early in the
morning so that we did not get stuck in the traffic. In addition, we would have more time to
spend there.
- It wasn’t easy to get up early in the morning, because I had been so excited about the
trip that I had barely slept that night. I had never been to Mu Cang Chai before. It is located
in the northern part of Vietnam, so I knew that we faced a long drive ahead . We had
decided to go by car since, that way, all 5 of us could travel together . Moreover, everyone
reckoned that it would be safer than going by motorbike. / Waking up early did not feel that

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bad at all, even though it was the first time I had done so for many months. To begin with , I
felt a bit sleepy, but then the pure morning air freshened me completely.
- After 5 hours driving, we arrived at our destination. We were amazed to see a vast
land filled with the yellow color of terraced rice fields , ready to be harvested . Under the
sunlight, these rice fields sparkled like gold .
- We stayed for one night with a local host and helped the family with their regular
tasks before setting out for home the next day. It was such an amazing trip, and it helped us
to learn more about the countryside and the way of life of those who live there. I’d love to
mak e more trips like that in the future.

VOCABULARY:

✓ get stuck: [verb phrase] to be in an unpleasant situation that you can’t escape from.
Example: I left work early, because I didn’t want to get stuck in traffic on my way home.

✓ barely: [adverb] something that can be achieved, but only with difficulty.
Example: We barely had time to catch the train, so we ran all the way to the station.

✓ faced a long drive ahead: [verb phrase] a long car journey.
Example: My advice is to sleep well if you face a long drive ahead the next day.

✓ reckon: [verb] to think or have an opinion about something.
Example: If I want to lose weight, I reckon that I will have to eat less bread.

✓ freshen: [verb] to make something cooler and more pleasant.
Exa mple: The rain freshened the air.

✓ vast: [adjective] very big.
Example: The Amazon is a vast rainforest.

✓ harvest: [verb] to cut and collect a crop, such as rice.
Example: Every year, bananas are harvested from the trees on my uncle’s farm.

✓ sparkle : [verb] to shine brightly.

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Example: The sky sparkled with thousands of stars.

✓ setting out: [phrasal verb] leaving a place and beginning a journey.
Example: I finished my breakfast and set out for the train station.

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55. Describe an indoor game that you liked to play when you were a child
Describe an indoor game that you played when you were a child
You should say:
what the game was
who you played it with
how you played it
where you played it
and explain why you liked playing that game.

ANSWER:
- An indoor game that I liked to play when I was a child was badminton . It started
when I was in 6th grade. At that time , I was living near my uncle’s house. Every morning, he
would wake me and my cousins up early and drive us to the sport center near our ho use.

- It was actually a badminton class , so we had teachers and other students too. We
practiced badminton here for an hour . During the summer holiday , we even stayed there
for another half an hour. Just like tennis , you can play badminton as a singles mat ch or
doubles match. The rules are pretty much the same as tennis . The only difference is that the
badminton shuttlecock is lighter than the tennis ball, thus, it requires less strength .

- Due to my short -sightedness , I was not very good at playing this game but I enjoyed
it anyway. Firstly , it helped keep me fit. In addition, I could train my eyes to look further
and faster, and it quickened my reflexes . Last but not least, it helped me a lot in improving
my teamwork skills .

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VOCABULARY:
✓ badminton : [noun] an indoor game. Players hit a small light ball, with feathers
round it, across a high net, using a racket, like tennis.
Example: A net in badminton is much higher than in tennis , and the ball and rackets are
smaller and not as heavy .
✓ singles match: [noun] a game in which one player plays against one opponent.
✓ doubles match: [noun] a game in which two players play against two opponents.
Example: She won the women’s singles gold medal in tennis in the Olympi c Games. Then,
playing with her friend , they won the women’s doubles gold medal by defeating two
American opponents.
✓ shuttlecock : [noun] badminton uses a shuttlecock, not a tennis ball. It is very light
and it has feathers round the edge.
Example: Players hit the shuttlecock across the net in badminton.
✓ short -sightedness: [noun] a person who can only see things if they are very close, is
short -sighted.
Example: I need glasses for reading, because of my short -sightedness .
✓ train my eyes : [verb phrase] I developed my ability to see things quickly and
accurately.
Example: The detective trained his eyes to look for small but important details at the scene
of the crime.
✓ quickened my reflexes: playing badminton improved my ability to move and think
quickly when I played the game.
Example: Many people say that video games quicken your reflexes and you become more
expert.
56, 57. Describe a change that you think would improve your local area/Describe a
law about the environment tha t you would like to see.

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Describe a change that you think would improve your local area
You should say:
what local area
what change
how the change could be made
and explain how this change would be an improvement to your local area.
or
Describe a law abo ut the environment that you would like to see.
You should say:
what the law would be about
how the law would work *
what effects this law would have (= what changes would result from this law)
and explain why you would like to see this law in existence or why you think this
law is needed.

ANSWER:
I was born and raised in Hanoi and have been here for 27 years. I have watched the city
develop from a small town and grow into a modern metropolitan area in the new era.
With the skyrocketing population of recent years, the city’s environment has become
significantly polluted. As a result, I think environmental laws should be enacted immediately
to solve this problem.
First of all, Hanoi’s mayor should consider putting more tras h bins out in the streets so that
people won’t throw rubbish anywhere anytime. In addition, the city police should
heavily fine those who are caught littering the streets. By doing so, not only could
we save a lot of money on cleaning costs but we could also improve the surrounding
public scenery.
Secondly, the city should run a campaign to educate people on how to classify and
separate garbage before throwing it out. This is necessary because unsorte d garbage
contributes to the pollution of underground water and the earth.
In my opinion, although these above actions are minor, they would contribute to diminishing
the impacts of pollution in our local area if they were done on a collective level.
VOCABULARY

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born and raised in: to describe that you were born in a certain place and that you grew up
there with your parents; “He was born and raised in New York but moved to
California when he was 35.”
skyrocketing: increasing, to describe when something goes up rapidly by a lot;
“The skyrocketing airline prices have hurt the tourist towns, as fewer people are traveling.”
significantly: in a sufficiently great or important way as to be worthy of attention,
“Our profit was significantly less this month than we had predicted.”
enacted: to put a law into place; “New laws have been enacted to keep people
safe from gun violence.”
rubbish: trash, garbage waste; “There is too much rubbish in this yard. Let’s clean it up!”
heavily fine: to fine someone heavily means to charge them a lot of money
because they have violated a law or regulation; “The companies were heavily fined
for polluting the river.”
littering: throwing trash on the ground rather than putting it in the bin; “Littering is
against the law and you can be fined $1000.”
scenery: what you see in the natural environment; a beautiful scenery usually
includes beautiful nature scenes, but ugly scenery would have trash and pollution; “The
scenery in the Turkish countryside is beautiful.”
run a campaign: to organize and work on a program to reach a goal, such as a
campaign to educate people about pollution or tee nage pregnancy or alcohol abuse; “He is in
charge of running the campaign to save dogs in our rural areas.”
to classify and separate: in the context of recycling, to classify means to figure
out what bin each item belongs in, such as glass, plastic, paper and then to put them
into the appropriate bins; “He is lazy and doesn’t like to classify and separate his garbage.”
to throw something out: to get rid of something; to put it in the trash; “My
mother threw out all my boyfriend’s old letters.”
unsorted: not separated; “The shirts were unsorted, so all the colors were mixed together
and it made it hard to find all the red ones.”
minor: small or insignificant; “We had a minor accident in our car today .”

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diminishing: going down, lessening; “The pain has been diminishing since I took
the aspirin.”
impacts of: the effects of something on something else; “The impact of the storm
has yet to be fully understood.”
collective level: a collective is a group of people, so in this context if you are working at a
collective level, it means that people are working together to solve a problem; “This
problem will only be solved if we work at it on a collective level, not an individual level.”

58, 59 . Describe an historic building that you have visited./Describe a long walk that you
went on
Describe an historic building that you have visited.
You should say:
what it was
where it was
and explain what features of the building you found interesting.
Describe an educational trip you went on.
You should say:
where the place was
what you did at this place
who you went there with
and explain what you learned on that trip.

ANSWER:
- Today, I am going to share with you one of my favorite historic buildings that I
have visited, that is The Temple of Literature or “Văn Miếu – Quốc Tử Giám” in
Vietnamese.
- Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam - located to the south of the Imperial Citadel of Thang
Long – is now part of Hanoi City. This was the first university in Vietnam, which was built
in 1070 in King Ly Thanh Tong’s reign . The Temple was dedicated to Confucius and it was
built to educate Vietnam’s bureaucrats , nobles, royalty and other members of the elite.

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- Like many other temples, The Temple of Literature was built in a vast area with
many pavilions , halls, statues, yards…. However, one of the best features that I liked most is
the Turtle Steles with the names of those successful at the royal exams . I remembered when
I was a senior in high school, I would come here to pray for luck for my university entrance
exam. This tradition is very popular among Hanoian students and pupils. In addition, during
the Tet holiday , we can come here to ask for a pair of “Hán” wishes from calligraphists to
bring home as a lucky charm or gift.

VOCABULARY
✓ citadel: [noun] a castle on high ground in or near a city, where people could go
when the city was attacked.
Example: The enemy attacked the city, but all the people were safe inside the citadel .
✓ reign: [noun] the period during which an emperor, queen or king is the ruler of a
country.
Example: The reign of the emperor Ly Thanh Tong lasted for 18 years.
✓ dedic ate: [verb] to hold a ceremony to say that a building is special to the memory
of a particular person or people.
Example: A statue was dedicated to those who died in the war.
✓ bureaucrats: [noun] officials working in an organization or government depar tment.
Example: Some people think that their lives are regulated too strictly by bureaucrats.
✓ the elite: [noun] a small group of people who are powerful in a society and have a
lot of influence.
Example: In some countries, only the elite can afford to send their children to university.
✓ pavilions: [noun] buildings to hold events, designed to be beautiful.
Example: In the park, there is a beautiful pavilion , in which concerts and exhibitions are
held.
✓ pray: [verb] to speak to God, espe cially to give thanks or to ask for help.
Example: We prayed that she would recover from her illness.
✓ calligraphists: [noun] people who are skilled at writing beautifully, using a special
pen or brush.
Example: In the past, many calligraphists were mon ks, who copied texts using beautiful
handwriting.
✓ charm: [noun] a small object worn on a chain or as a bracelet, to bring good luck.

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Example: In British tradition, a charm of a rabbit’s foot was worn on a chain around the
neck of a person to bring good luck.
60, 61, 62 . Describe a person you know who dresses well/ Describe a person you know
who speaks a second (or foreign) language well. /Describe a person (you know) who
travels a lot by plane.
Describe a person you know who dresses well
You should say:
who this person is
what kind of clothes this person likes to wear (or, wears)
how you know this person
and explain why you think this person dresses well.
Describe a person you know who speaks a second (or foreign) language well.
You should say:
who this person is
how you know this person
what language this person speaks
how often they speak it
and explain why you say they speak it "well".
Describe a person (you know) who travels a lot by plane.
You should say:
who this person is
how you know this person
where this person travels to
and explain why they (= he or she) choose to travel by plane
ANSWER:
Today, I am going to share with you a person I know/ who dresses well/speaks a second
(foreign) language well/ travels a lot by plane/. That person i s my friend/boss/.....

As a typical saleswoman for a multinational company, my friend/my boss has to meet many
people from all over the world. That’s why she speaks English as fluently as Vietnamese. In
addition, she also dresses well because appearance is very important in the sales market.

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She is tall and thin, thus she always chooses to wear blouses with pencil skirts or midi
dresses because such smart clothes not only complement her figure , but also give her a
formal look suitable for business meetings. Every time she appears in public, she draws
everRQHV attention ; people look at her with admiration. I think that’s one of the reasons
why she is such an effective salesperson.

Due to the characteristics of her job, she h as to travel to Ho Chi Minh City/uses English quite
often because our company has a large customer base in the south/ internationally. As a
result, travelling by plane is the only choice. There are months when she has to go there once
a week to prepare for a client meeting or provide training to new employees/ Being
competent in English helps her a lot in closing the deal with international clients, since
nowadays English is considered to be the most common language in the business world. She
speaks English so well that one of our clients complimented her on sounding exactly like a
native speaker.

VOCABULARY
✓ typical: [adjective] having all the usual qualities or features that we expect. A
woman whose job is to sell products will usually have to meet a lot of people, and sometimes
these may be international customers. My friend/my boss is no different – she is a typ ical
saleswoman.
Example: A typical street in the centre of London has crowds of shoppers, and the roads are
full of cars, taxis and buses.
✓ dresses well: [verb+adverb] she wears a particular style or type of clothes and these
give her a good appearance.
Example: In England, people dress formally when they go for a job interview.
✓ appearance: [noun] the way that somebody looks. If you are selling products, your
appearance must be tidy and professional.
Example: Photographers always follow famous people, so those people pay a lot of attention
to their appearance – they want to look good !
✓ skirt: [noun] a piece of clothing for a girl or woman which goes from the waist and
covers part of the legs.
✓ pencil skirts : [adjective+noun] a skirt which is narrow and straight.
Example: Pencil skirts are often worn by professional women, such as secretaries or
executives.

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✓ midi dresses: [noun] dresses which cover the legs to below the knees.
✓ smart : [adjective] looking clean, new and attractive.
Example: I have to be smart for work.
✓ complement: [verb] to add something in a way that makes it look more attractive or
improves it.
Example: His smart tie complemented his formal suit.
✓ figure: [noun] the shape of the body.
✓ look: [noun] this is another word for appear ance – the way that somebody looks.
Example: My friend has a very professional look when she is at work.
✓ draw attention: [verb+noun] my boss/my friend attracts the interest of everyone.
Example: In the world of men’s fashion, David Beckham draws the att ention of the world
media.
✓ customer base: [noun combination] all the people who buy or use a particular
product or service.
Example: We need to appeal to a wider customer base.
✓ closing the deal: [verb+noun] making an agreement with a customer or suppl ier.
Example: As a professional saleswoman, my friend usually closes the deal and makes a sale
to her clients.
✓ compliment: [verb] to say something which expresses praise or admiration for a
person.
Example: My boss complimented me on the work which I completed last week
63. Describe the member of your family who you spend the most time with.
You should say:
who it is
when you are usually together
what you do together
and explain why you spend the most time with this member of your family

ANSWER:
Today, I am going to share with you a family member who I spend most of my time with.
That is my /father/mother/older sister/brother/cousin…

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My father/mother/older sister/brother/cousin… is a very considerate and thoughtful person.
When I was small, he/she usually took good care of me; taught me good lessons and never
let me out of his/her sight . Even now, whenever I have a bad day, he/she has always been
there for me , and helps me get through it.

As I have got older, my father/mother/older sister/brother/cousin… has become my best
friend. I can share my interests, my career plans or even things about my love life with them
– in fact, anything at all. Especially when I am down, he/she gives me the encouragement
that I need to move on. To me, he/she is a role model whom I always look up to/admire/and
follow in his/her footsteps.

He/she constantly reminds me that I have to try my best in everything I choose to pursue so
that I can achieve my goal in this life. Thanks to his/her advice, I have made significant
progress in my personal life in general.

Although, of course, I love all my family, because he/she is so special to me, I think that we
will always keep in touch , just as we do now almost every day.

VOCABULARY
✓ considerate: [adjective] always thinking of the wishes and feelings of other people.
Example: My mother is very considerate when guests come to visit our house and she
always offers some food or something to drink.
✓ thoughtful: [adjective] showing that you think about other people and care about
them.
Example: A good teacher should be kind and thoughtful .
✓ take care of: [verb] to provide the things which you need for your protection and
health.
Example: A lot of patience is necessary when you take care of very young or very old
people.
✓ let me out of his sight : [expression] he/she always kept me where they could see me
– they protected me all the time.
Example: She ne ver lets her daughter out of her sight.
✓ be there for: [expression] to be available if somebody wants to talk to you or needs
your help.

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Example: If I was in trouble, my parents were always there for me .
✓ get through: [expression] to successfully deal wi th a problem or overcome a
difficulty.
Example: I would find it hard to get through the day if I had no friends to talk to.
✓ down: [adjective] sad, unhappy.
✓ move on: [verb] to make progress by starting something new.
Example: After I pass the exam, I want to move on to the next step in my career.
✓ role model: [noun] a person that you admire and try to copy.
Example: Parents are a child’s most important role models .
✓ follow in the footsteps of: to do the same job or to have the same style of life.
Example: She works as a journalist, following in her father’s footsteps .
✓ try my best: [expression] to do as much as possible to achieve something.
Example: I will try my best to achieve my goal.
✓ Thanks to: [expression] As a result of/with the help of their advice, I made progress
in my studies and my career.
✓ keep in touch: [expression] to maintain contact with somebody so that I know what
is happening.

64. Describe a wedding that you have attended.
You sh ould say:
whose wedding it was
who was there
what happened
and explain how you felt.

ANSWER (Bài này hơi dài. Các bạn có thể lấy ý để chỉnh sửa dùng cho bài của chính các
bạn)
Today, I’m gonna share with you a wedding of my friend that I attended. Last month, I
received a wedding invitation from my old friend from primary school. The wedding was
held at the beginning of April. We have been close to each other for over 15 years, therefore,
I definitely wanted to attend at all costs , due to the fact that we hadn’t had a chance to get
together for ages .
Her wedding ceremony took place at The Sum Villa, located near West Lake. It was
decorated impressively with a lot of lights, candl es and flowers around the room. There were

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three glamorous wedding photo albums , showing tables right at the centre of the official gate.
The principal colours were likely to be white and violet, so all the guests were requested to
wear clothes with one or both of these colours. Personally, I wore a white dress with small
accessories .
It was meant to be a casual wedding, which I had never attended before. It turned out to be
refreshingly informal. One of the best moments that really touched me was when th e
bridegroom sang a song for the bride and all the guests sang along with him. Also, he made a
photo clip by himself marking their 4 -year romance , to show to everyone in the room. It was
no surprise that everyone clapped their hands and cheered them. Of course, I was no
exception.
It was also a good chance to catch up with my old friends and we all had a great time. We
definitely made the most of the occasion and took a lot of pictures with the bride and the
bridegroom. I gave my friend a gift t o celebrate her wedding day. I had given much thought
to my wedding present when I was choosing it, and I wished her lots of happiness for the
future.
VOCABULARY
✓ hold: [verb] have a meeting/conversation/party/wedding/event.
Example: The next Olympic Ga mes will be held in Brazil.
✓ close to: [expression] knowing someone well and liking them very much.
Example: She has always been close to her grandparents and often visits them.
✓ at all costs: [expression] whatever is needed to achieve something.
Exampl e: I knew that, at all costs , I had to catch the last train home.
✓ for ages: [expression] for a long time.
Example: I waited for ages to speak to the doctor.
✓ decorate: [verb] make something more attractive.
Example: Her living room is always decorated with flowers.
✓ glamorous: [adjective] especially attractive and exciting.
Example: When my sister was young, she wanted to have a glamorous job, like a model or a
film actress.
✓ albums: [noun] a book in which you keep photographs.
Example: All of my parent’s photographs are still in the family photo albums in my drawer.
✓ accessories: [noun] things like belts or bags, which you carry to match your clothes.
Example: The shop sells only fashion accessories , and my friend buys all he r bracelets there.
✓ bridegroom: [noun] a man on his wedding day.

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Example: The bridegroom was very nervous during the wedding ceremony.
✓ bride: [noun] a woman on her wedding day.
Example: The bride wore a very beautiful white dress.
✓ romance: [noun] a relationship between two people who are in love.
Example: Romeo and Juliet is a play about the romance of two young lovers.
✓ clapped their hands: [expression] hit their open hands together, to show that they
liked or enjoyed something.
Example: At the end of the fantastic show, all the audience clapped their hands .
✓ cheer: [verb] to shout loudly, to show support or to encourage someone.
Example: The crowd cheered when Barcelona scored the winning goal.

65. Describe a time when you tried a new food for the first time.
You should say:
what food it was
where you ate it
what it tasted like
and explain whether or not you liked this food

ANSWER
Well, I’m a great fan of barbecues and I would like to talk about the first time I tried some
typical barbecue food. This happened when I was 10 years old .
My familiy went out to have dinner to celebrate my younger sister’s birthday. After putting
so much thought into some new savoury food to have for our meal, we decided to go to a
BBQ restautant on Ba Trieu street.
We ordered four dishes with three different tastes . One of them which really interested me
was grilled -Australian beef , flavoured with something spicy , rich and aromatic . It not only
tasted delicious, but also looked appealing. Also, it went well with two kinds of dipping
sauces and was served with baguettes . There was also a salad , which gave it a mild taste to
contrast with the spicy flavours.
The idea of a barbecue originated in America , and for us it was a novel and sophisticated
meal.
What I really enjoyed was that we could watch as it was cooked in front of us . I loved how
juicy it was and the aroma it had. Just mentioning it makes my mouth water . I mean, the

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BBQ was out of this world . That was the first time I had tried it, and I would have liked to
have kept on coming back for more , but I was just too full .
VOCABULARY
✓ barbecues: [noun] a meal, usually eaten outdoors, which is cooked over an open fire.
Example: Every summer, my friends and I have barbecues on the beach and we each bring
some beef or other meat to grill.
✓ put thought into: [expression] considered seriously and carefully.
Example: I put so much thought into my school project that I received a very high score.
✓ savoury: [adjective] having a delicious taste, usually containing salt.
Example: We ate some tasty savoury biscuits with cheese to finish our meal.
✓ dish: [noun] food prepared in a particular way as part of a meal.
Example: Our meal arrived at the table – two dishes of meat, with rice and salad.
✓ flavour: [verb] add to food to give it a special taste.
Example: The fish was flavoured with spices and it tasted delicious.
✓ aromatic: [adjective] having a pleasant smell or aroma.
Example: She grows a number of aromatic plants in her garden.
✓ dipping sauces: [noun] different types of sauces in which you can put your food
quickly, take the food out again and eat it.
Example: The chef flavours his dipping sauces with different spices – some sweet spices
and some hot ones .
✓ baguettes: [noun] white bread in the shape of long sticks.
Example: The cheese baguettes which we ordered were hard on the outside and soft on the
inside.
✓ mild: [adjective] not strong or severe.
Example: I prefer cheese that is mild rather than che ese with a strong flavour.
✓ originate: [verb] happen or appear for the first time in a particular place or situation.
Example: Tobacco originated in America and was later brought to Europe.
✓ novel: [adjective] new, and different from anything known befo re.
Example: Drive -in restaurants are a novel idea which originated in America.
✓ sophisticated: [adjective] typical of rich or socially important people.
Example: They like to dress in very sophisticated clothes, although they don’t have a lot of
money.
✓ juicy: [adjective] having a lot of juice, so that it is good to eat.
Example: He bought some delicious juicy oranges at the market.

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✓ makes my mouth water: [expression] makes me feel hungry.
Example: Thinking about Thai cuisine makes my mouth water.
✓ out of this world: [expression] wonderful and exciting.
Example: The new James Bond film is out of this world .
✓ full: [adjective] having had enough to eat.
Example: Although I was full after lunch, I still ate an ice -cream in the afternoon.

66. Describe an occasion when you were surprised to meet someone you know.
Describe an occasion when you unexpectedly met someone you know.
You should say:
who it was
where you met this person
what you did when you met
and explain why you were surprised to meet this person.

ANSWER:
- Well, it doesn’t happen a lot when you unexpectedly meet someone you know. But a
couple of days ago when I was out for lunch, I bumped into a high school classmate whom I
haven’t seen since we graduated.

- I was walking along the street when I saw him standing in front of a restaurant. He
hasn’t changed a bit , so I recognized him right away . I approached him and said hi ;
however, it took him a while to realize that I was his high school classmate. At that moment,
I felt very awkwar d. Luckily, it didn’t last long and we started to give each other a quick
update about our lives recently, such as where we are working currently, our families and,
of course, we swapped phone numbers and promised to keep in touch in future.

- Since we were both in a hurry , we didn’t spend much time chatting to each other.
However, it always feels good when you unexpectedly meet a long -lost friend . If we had had
more time, we’d probably have reminisced about our high school memories with all the
crazy things that we did back then .

VOCABULARY:

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✓ bump into: [phrasal verb] to meet unexpectedly by accident.
Example: To my surprise, I bumped into my English teacher in the supermarket.
✓ he hasn’t changed a bit : [verb phrase] he looks or acts exactly the same.
Example: My uncle looks the same as in the photos of him 20 years ago. It’s amazing, he
hasn’t changed a bit.
✓ right away: [adverb] immediately
Example: This message is very urgent, so please send it right away .
✓ awkward: [adjective] making you feel embarrassed.
Example: At the restaurant, my friend had to pay for our meal. It was an awkward situation,
because I had forgotten to bring any money !
✓ update: [noun] a report containing the most recent information.
Example: I planned to go to the beach, so I checked on the Internet for an update on the
weather forecast.
✓ swap: [verb] to give something to somebody and receive something in exchange.
Example: I swapped places with a man on the bus, so that I could sit near the front.
✓ keep in touch: [ver b phrase] to communicate with somebody, especially by writing
or telephoning.
Example: Most young people nowadays keep in touch by e-mailing or texting their friends.
✓ chat: [verb] to talk in a friendly, informal way to somebody
Example: I decided to invite my friend for a coffee, so we could chat about our recent
holidays
✓ a long -lost friend: [noun] a friend that you have not seen for a long time.
Example: At the bus station, I bumped into a long -lost friend that I had not seen since my
school days.
✓ reminisce: [verb] to think, talk or write about a happy time in your past.
Example: My father often reminisces about his years at university.
✓ back then: [adverb] at a particular time in the past.
Example: I remember when I visited Thailand many years ago. Back then, there were very
few tourists.
67. Describe a time when you waited for (or, had to wait for) something (or
someone).
You should say:
who or what you waited for
where you waited

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why you waited (or, had to wait)
and explain how you felt while you were waiting
ANSWER
- Having to wait for somebody is a common situation in our daily lives. There was this
one time I had to wait for my friends, which was so special I’d like to share the story with
you today.
- It was my birthday and I had invited a group of friends to a coffee house to celebrate
it. We were scheduled to meet there at 8 that evening. I was so eager that I came early .
Certainly, none of them were there, but it was easy to understand because I was early .
However , I waited for half an hour, but nobody showed up , and then I started to feel
uncomfortable and worried. As I was losing my patience , I began to call each of them to
ask why they had not come yet. To my surprise, none of them picked up the phone. I was
really fed up , as you can imagine, because it was my birthday and my friends had treated
me like that.

- I waited for a couple more minutes until I couldn’t stand it anymore, and decided to
leave. As soon as I called the waiter for the bill , I heard the “Happy bir thday ” song start up
in the coffee house. Out of nowhere , all of my friends suddenly appeared with a birthday
cake. They hugged me and wished me happy birthday. It was such a surprise . My anger
quickly gave way to laughter and we had an unforgettable nigh t chatting until the early
hours, drinking coffee and, of course , eating cake.


VOCABULARY

✓ show up: [phrasal verb] to arrive where you had arranged to meet somebody
Example: It was getting late when she finally showed up.

✓ lose my patience: [verb phrase] to become annoyed or angry as a result of a delay.

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Example: The train is now 1 hour late, and I am losing my patience .

✓ fed up: [adjective] bored and unhappy, especially with a situation that has continued
for a long time.
Example: The traffic congestion in our city never seems to get better, so people are really fed
up with the time it takes to get to work.
✓ stand [something]: [verb] to dislike – used especially in negative sentences.
Example: I like John, but I can’t stand his siste r, she is very rude.

✓ out of nowhere: [expression] appearing or happening suddenly and unexpectedly
Example: The woman cried for help and, out of nowhere , a policeman arrived.

✓ hug: [verb] to put your arms around someone and hold them tightly, to show that
you like or love them.
Example: The child ran out of the school and he hugged his mother, who was waiting at the
school gate.
✓ the early hours: [expression] early in the morning, for example about 2, 3 or 4 am.

68. Describe someone or something that made a lot of noise.
You should say:
who or what made the noise
what the noise was like
and explain what you did when you heard this noise
ANSWER:
- If you live in Vietnam long enough , you will totally agree with me that those who are
driving make a lot of noise , especially during peak traffic hours .

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- Vietnamese roads have never been free of the honking noises of all kinds of vehicles
from vans and cars, to mopeds. It is, in my opinion, the most annoying sound you could
imagine. Whenever I heard people ho nking like angry geese , I felt very annoyed and
frustrated . Vietnamese people should learn when to use the horn properly . It seems to me
that they push the horn all the time because they want to be able to drive fast, while
everyone else gets out of their way .

- Despite the fact that I hate it so much, I cannot give up driving here. So I learned to
ignore it, and use my horn sparingly or just in case of emergency . However, I still think that
the city should have a campaign on educating people to use the horn in a proper way so
that the city is not polluted by noise.

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VOCABULARY
✓ peak traffic hours: [noun phrase] the times when there is most traffic on the roads,
usually when people are travelling to or from work.
Example: Because of all the traffic, it is difficult to cross the road during peak traffic hours.
✓ honk: [verb] if you honk the horn of a car or other vehicle, it makes a loud noise like
a warning sound.
Example: She knew that the taxi had arrived, beca use she heard the horn honking outside
the door.
✓ geese: [plural noun] this is the plural form of ‘goose’ – a large bird with a long
neck. It makes a loud honking noise.
Example: The geese were on the lake, with some smaller birds nearby, which were probably
ducks.
✓ horn: [noun] a device in a vehicle for making a loud noise as a warning.
Example: In the traffic jam, some of the drivers were honking the horns of their cars because
they were frustrated with the delay.
✓ get out of the way: [verb phrase] move out of the route which someone else is
taking.
Example: All of the drivers got out of the way , to allow the ambulance to pass.
✓ sparingly: [adverb] in a way that is careful, so that we only use a little.
Example: He spent his money sparingly , because he only had enough for a simple meal.
69. Describe a bicycle/motorbike/car trip that is interesting
You should say:
where you would like to go;
how you would like to go there;
who you would like to go with;
and explain why you would li ke to go there by car, motorbike or bike.

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I’d like to describe a travelling idea that I think would make an awesome experience. It’s a
motorbike trip to Tam Dao, a town of Vinh Phu province, which has become an attractive
place for Hanoi residents to visi t at weekends and during holidays.
Tam Dao, also known as Da Lat of the North due to its cool weather around the year, is not
far from Hanoi. It’s just 70 kilometers away from our capital city , so I think it’d be sensible
to travel there by motorbike.
I think it’d be an ideal trip if we had a small group of 4 or 5 members, who all knew each
other well, as travelling companions . We would need to share a lot of common interests as
well as characteristics, you know, so the experience would be more laid -back , fun and
memorable, in my opinion.
There are several reasons why I prefer travelling by motorbike rather than by car, but most of
all, I wouldn’t want to miss the breathtaking scenery along the way. Moreover, my
travelling timeline would be more flexible if I went there by motorbike, as I wouldn’t have to
worry about being stuck in traffic jams . Last but not least, I think it would be a way to
make the trip somehow more challenging and interesting, so we would have more things to
recall afterwar ds.

VOCABULARY
✓ captital city (th ủ đô) [n]
a city which physically includes the offices and meeting places of the seat of
government and is usually fixed as the capital by law or by the constitution
Example: Hanoi is the capital city of Vietnam and the country’s second largest city.
✓ sensible ( hợp lí) [adj] reasonable and practical.
Example: It’s sensible to keep a note of your passport number
✓ Travelling companion ( bạn đồng hành trong chuy ến du lịch) [expression] someone
you spend a lot of time with during your trip, who accompanies you.
Example: We should also agree about money when choosing a travelling companion ; it can
be pretty uncomfortable when you reach your first destination and find your companion
wants to spend on a meal way beyond your budget.
✓ common interests (sở thích chung) [expression] similar interests
Example: Studies show that shared common interests between people boost the chances of a
lasting relationship, and also bring about a 2% increase in life satisfaction .
✓ laid -back [adj] relaxed, without any worries

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Example: I prefer a laid -back holiday, just sunbathing on the beach and listening to the
sound of the sea.
✓ breathtaking (h ấp dẫn, ngo ạn mục)[adj] very impressive, exciting or surprising
Example: The view from my bedroom window was absolutely breathtaking.
70. Describe a film you watched at home or in a cinema.
You should say:
what film it was
what it was about
why you chose to watch that film
who you watched it with
and explain if you learned anything important from the film

ANSWER
As a frequent moviegoer, I watch a lot of films. One of the movies that I enjoyed the most
recently was The Martian.

The movie was based on a novel of the same title by Andy Weir. Just l ike many other sci -fi
films, it was about man travelling in space, however, this time, our main character was stuck
on Mars due to a dust storm which nearly killed him. All of the crewmates thought that he
was dead, so they went back to Earth without him. But fortunately he was still alive, thus two
and a half hours of the movie told the story of how he fought for his life in the brutal
environment of Mars, until NASA devised a plan to rescue him.
My best friend is a big fan of astronomy , so she had read [2 ] the novel before. That’s why
she insisted on me going to see the movie with her. After watching the trailer and reading the
plot , I was hooked . It was maybe the best two and a half hours of my week so far.
After watching the movie, I was amazed at how ingenious and strong humans can be when it
comes to a life and death situation. Mark Watney, the hero of the movie, was a perfect
portrayal of a young, humorous, brilliant and skillful engineer cum botanist . Although the
hostile e nvironment of Mars threatened his existence many times, he relentlessly refused to
quit. Instead, he overcame one problem at a time until he was successfully rescued. The
message that I learned from the film is never to give up, however hopeless things seem to be.

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VOCABUL ARY:
✓ moviegoer : [noun] a person who goes to the cinema.
✓ sci -fi: [noun] science fiction; based on imagined scientific discoveries of the future,
such as space travel or life on other planets.
Example: Sci -fi movies have become more popular since space travel has become possible.
✓ stuck on Mars : the man was unable to escape from the planet.
Example: we were stuck in traffic and so we arrived late for work.
✓ dust storm: [noun] a storm that carries clouds of dust in the wind over a wide area.
Example: a lot of plants die after a dust storm passes through an area.
✓ crewmates: [noun] all the people working on a ship or, in this case, a spacecraft.
✓ fought for his life: [verb phrase] he made a great effort to stay alive.
Example: The man was badly injured in the accident, but he fought for his life and he
recovered later in hospital.
✓ brutal: [adjective] if an environment is described as brutal this means that it is very
dangerous and it is difficult for a person to survive.
✓ devised: [verb] NASA invented som ething new to rescue the man.
Example: a new system has been devised to control traffic in the city.
✓ astronomy: [noun] the scientific study of the sun, moon, stars and planets.
✓ trailer: [noun] a series of short scenes from a film or programme, shown in advance
to advertise it.
Example: after watching an exciting trailer, I decided to go to see the film.
✓ plot: [noun] the events which form the story of a book, play or film.
Example: the book has a plot about a prisoner who escaped.
✓ hooked: [adjective] enjoying something so much that you want to see or do it.
✓ ingenious: [adjective] very clever at inventing new ideas.

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Example: many ingenious researchers are working on ways to combat cancer.
✓ portrayal: [noun] the act of describing or sho wing something or somebody in a
book, play or film.
Example: the actor gave a fantastic portrayal of a clever detective in the film.
✓ botanist: [noun] a person who studies plants.
✓ hostile: [adjective] a hostile environment is unsafe for humans, because there are
many dangers.
Example: in the hostile environment of the desert, you must take a lot of water with you.
✓ threatened his existence: the many dangers and difficult conditions on Mars were a
danger to his life.
✓ relentlessly: [adverb] in a way that continues strongly, without giving up.
Example: the soldiers relentlessly pursued their enemies after the battle.
✓ hopeless: [adjective] without hope
Example: after searching for the lost plane for many days, the situation seemed hopeless and
it seem ed that the rescuers would never find it.

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71. Describe a (recent) time when you looked at the sky (either day or night)
You should say:
what you were doing when you looked at the sky
who you were with
what you saw
and explain how you felt when you looked at the sky.

ANSWER:
- Last week, my friends and I decided to go camping on the outskirts for the weekend.
- Living in a big city doesn’t offer me much of a chance to enjoy the sky at night
because of the pollution, the lights , and the skyscrapers . That’s the reason why I liked this
short trip so much because I could enjoy looking up at the clear sky , searching for stars and
observing the moon.
- Luckily for me, there was a full moon that night. We made a small campfire and sat
around the fire, grilled potatoes and marshmallows , happily chatting with each other.
- When the moon had risen high up in the sky, we all looked up, and started counting
stars. I had never seen so many stars in the sky as I did that night. They twinkled while the
moon shone brightly. At that moment, I felt at peace . My mind was blank ; I wasn’t thinking
of anything else, all my sadness and disappointments disappeared. All I thought of was that
I was content in that moment.
VOCABULARY:
✓ outskirts: the part of town that is far away from the center.
Example: We lived on the outskirts of town for about 10 years and then finally moved closer
to the center last year.
✓ offer : in this context to offer you something means to make it available to you.
Example: Living in the city offers ma ny exciting activities like going to the theater, attending
concerts and lots of different types of restaurants.
✓ pollution: harmful substances in the air or water.
Example: The air pollution in the city is getting worse every year.

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✓ skyscrapers: tall build ings that can be used for offices or residential units.
Example: New York City has many tall skyscrapers.
✓ clear sky: a sky that is clear of any pollution or other things (like clouds) that make it
hard to see the stars and the moon.
Example: Tonight, when I looked up at the clear sky, I saw millions of stars.
✓ observing: watching, looking at, seeing.
Example: The scientist will be observing the monkeys this afternoon.
✓ full moon: The phase of the moon at which the moon, as viewed from Earth, appears
to be fully illuminated by the sun. The full phase marks the half -way point of a single
revolution of the moon around the earth.
Example: Did you see the full moon last night?
✓ campfire: a fire that is made while camping and around which you sit to cook food,
roast marshmallows and talk.
Example: My son is always in charge of making the campfire.
✓ grilled/to grill: a way of cooking something on a grill over a fire.
Example: We grilled some hamburgers and hot dogs last night for dinner.
✓ marshmallow: A light, spongy, very sweet confection made of corn syrup, gelatin,
sugar, and often vanilla.
Example: Kids love to roast marshmallows while camping.
✓ chatting : talking.
Example: They have been chatting for over two hours already.
✓ to twinkle: to shine and sparkle, flicker, glimmer - what stars do. Stars twinkle.
Example: The stars twinkled in the clear night sky.
✓ to feel at peace: to be peaceful or feel peaceful, without any worries or concerns.
Example: He felt at peace when he was meditating.

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✓ mind was blank: to have nothing in your mind, to not be thinking about anything at
all.
Example: After staying up all night studying, my mind was blank during class.
✓ disappointment : frustration, somethin g that you feel disappointed or dissatisfied
about.
Example: His grandmother has suffered many disappointments throughout her lifetime, but
now she is living the good life

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72. Describe a recent event (or something you did) that made you happy.
You should say:
what you did
where you were
who you were with
and explain why it made you happy.

ANSWER:
- Today, I am going to share with you a recent event that made me happy. A month
ago, my friend and I attended a hip -hop and contemporary dance performance sponsored
by the Japan Foundation Center, Goethe Institute, and L’Espace Center called “Europe Meets
Asia”.
- The tickets were free so we did not see any reason for not going; we both like dancing
a lot. The performance was given by artists from Japan and Israel. It was a combination of
hip -hop and contemporary dance.
- With their talents , they created such an amazing performance. We were surprised to
see how flexible they were while performing. The dance also delivered a message which
could be interpreted differently by different people. To me, it was about young people in the
modern world, bored with the daily routine of life and trying to escape from this boredom in
order to do something spectacular or at least pursue their passions .
- After a 40 -hour workweek, this event was like a fresh breeze in my life. It was a new
experience that I had rarely had before, because in Hanoi, we don’t get to see art
performances by foreign artists that often.

VOCABULARY
- hip -hop : a style of music usual ly based on rap and often including elements of other
styles such as funk or rhythm and blues.
Example: My best friend is an awesome hip -hop artist who performs all around the world.
- contemporary: current, modern, nowadays.
Example : As an art collector, he focuses on contemporary artists from Asia and Europe.

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- sponsored by: an individual or organization that puts something on, that supports an
event financially.
Example: This evening’s event was sponsored by Apple, Microsoft and Dell computers.
- given by: in this context the artists give a performance or perform and so we say it
was given by them.
Example: The keynote presentation was given by Mark Zuckerberg, speaking Chinese.
- combination of: when two or more things are combined to create something new.
Exam ple: The combination of science and art classes helps students learn in a creative way.
- talent: a special skill that one has.
Example: He has a talent for making movies and will likely become a director some day.
- flexible: to be able to bend your body in all sorts of ways.
Example: Ballet dancers and yoga instructors are very flexible.
- interpret: to understand something in a certain way.
Example: The two people interpreted the performance in two completely different ways.
- daily routine: that which you do every day, like get up, eat breakfast, go to work,
come home, clean up, watch TV, go to bed.
Example: His daily routine starts at 5 a.m. and ends at 10 p.m.
- spectacular: amazing, fantastic, super special.
Example: His new book is spectacular. Have you read it yet?
- pursue their passions: to follow your interests and desires.
Example: He wants to pursue his passion for chemistry by getting a PhD.
- fresh breeze: used in this context to describe something that is new and refreshing.
Example: Spending a day out in the woods was like a fresh breeze, compared to my usual
boring daily routine.
- rarely: not very often.

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Example: I rarely go downtown due to the traffic.
73. A Polluted Place
Describe a polluted place.
You should say:
• What the place is
• What type of pollu tion it is/ are
• Cause and effect of pollution
and explain how can this pollution be controlled.

ANSWER:
It is regrettable that Hanoi , where I’m living, is negatively affected by pollution and the
major environmental problems it is facing are water pollution, air pollution and noise
pollution.
There are various reasons why this city is badly polluted. Firstly , due to modernization ,
more and more vehicles such as cars and motorbikes are used . This leads to an increase in
exhaust emissions which contaminate the atmosphere, not to mention the rising level of noise
pollution. Secondly , factories and industrial zones in the city have discharged a huge
amount of untreated waste into rivers, causin g death to many fish and other aquatic
animals.
In fact , pollution makes people here less healthy, and some even suffer from life -
threatening diseases such as lung cancer, skin cancer, and so on. Therefore, the government
must deal with this problem right away . Cutting down on vehicle use is the best way to
reduce air pollution and noise pollution. We can do this by encouraging people to use public
transportation. Besides, those who litter should pay a heavy fine. Finally, I think the best
solution is to ra ise awareness and educate people to protect the environment.
VOCABULARY
✓ regrettable: [adjective] something that you are sorry about and wish that it had not
happened.
Example: It is regrettable that only a minority of people are concerned about the
environment.

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✓ exhaust emissions: [noun phrase] waste gases that come out of a car or other
vehicle.
Example: The exhaust emissions from big trucks cause serious air pollution in my city.
✓ contaminate : [verb] make a place or thing dirty, by adding a substance that is
dangerous or polluting.
Example: Every day, more and more vehicles enter the city centre and contaminate the
atmosphere with their exhaust emissions.

✓ discharge: [verb] when somebody discharges a gas or liquid, they release it and it
goes into the water or the air.
Example: The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.
✓ aquatic: [adjective] living in water
Example: Rivers which are clean have a lot of aquatic life, such as fish and frogs.
✓ life -threatening: [adjective] likely to kill someone.
Example: Aid workers in poor countries often have to deal with difficult, life -threatening
situations.
✓ cutting down on: [phrasal verb] reducing the size, amount or number of something.
Example: You will improve your health by cutting down on cigarettes.
✓ awareness: [noun] knowing that something exists and is important.
Example: In schools, campaigns about awareness of road safety are essential for young
children.
74. Describe a piece of good news that you received.
You should say
what the news was
where you were when you received this news [Or: What you were doing when you received
this news]
who gave you this news

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and explain why you felt this was good news.

ANSWER
I’m goin g to talk about the time when I received the official notification of my scholarship to
study in Japan over a year ago.
It’s been a long time but I can still remember that day so well. At the time I got the news, I
was taking a quick nap , then the alert so und from my phone woke me up. A new email had
arrived.
It was an email from the International Affairs Office of a university in Japan informing me
that I had been chosen to receive a scholarship during my exchange semester there. Several
months before tha t day, I had applied for an academic exchange program in this university,
they had accepted my application and nominated me to the Scholarship Committee .
So, when I received this email, it took my brain a few seconds for this news to sink in, and
then my heart suddenly jumped . I leapt out of my bed and screamed out loud, because I
was extremely excited. I had been waiting for this email for two months since I gained the
admission . If I hadn’t won the scholarship, my living expenses would have become a heavy
financial burden for my parents, but thanks to the monthly grants that I received from the
university, I could really enjoy my time in Japan without worrying about financial pr oblems.
Even now, I still keep this lucky email in my mailbox to remind me of that day.

VOCABULARY
✓ Take a nap : take a short sleep, especially during the day.
Example: I usually take a nap after lunch.
✓ Nominate : to formally suggest that somebody should be chosen for an important role,
prize, position, etc.
Example: He was nominated as the best actor.
✓ Scholarship Committee : the committee in charge of reviewing and selecting
recipients for university’s scholarship.
Example: The Scholarship Committee has annou nced the list of scholarship recipients this
semester.
✓ Sink in: be fully understood or realized .
Example: I was so surprised by the news of the disaster that it took a few moments to sink in.
✓ Jump : to make a sudden movement because of surprise, fear or excitement.
Example: Her heart jumped when she heard the news.

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✓ Leap : to move or do something suddenly and quickly.
Example: She leapt out of bed.
✓ Scream out loud : to give a loud, high cry, because you are hurt, frightened, excited,
etc. (in this situation: excited).
Example: I screamed out loud when I saw my old friend.
✓ Admission : the act of accepting somebody into an institution, organization, etc.; the
right to enter a place or to join an institution or organization.
Example: She failed to gain admission to the university of her choice.
✓ Burden : a duty, responsibility, etc. that causes worry, difficulty or hard work.
Example: His illness placed a heavy financial burden on his family.
✓ Grant: a sum of money to be used for a particular purpose – in this case, given by
the university to pay for my education during that semester.
Example: The University awarded me a grant, which enabled me to undertake a new piece of
research.

75. Describe something special that you saved money to buy.
You should say:
What was it
Why you bought is
How long you saved money to buy it
and explain why it was important to you to buy it.

ANSWER
I’m going to talk about the mobile phone that I’m currently using. Prior to this one, I had
used 2 or 3 phones, but they were all bought with my parents’ money, so for me this phone
has a special meaning.
About a year ago, my old phone started to deteriorate , especially its battery, sometimes it
suddenly turned itself off and its apps ran frustratingly slowly. So I decided to buy a new
one using my own money, as I thought I couldn’t keep asking my parents to buy me all the
things I want anymore.
I visited some websites to check for smartphone types, brands and prices, and finally found
the phone that I thought would meet all my needs . However, at that time, it was quite
expensive for me to afford , and I had to start saving up . I did some part -time jobs such as
working as a private tutor and interpreter to earn some extra income, and tried to reduce the

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budget I spent on shopping to economize as mu ch as possible. During that time, I rarely
bought new clothes or ate out with friends. Finally, after nearly three months, I had enough
money to buy my dream phone. At the moment I first held it in my hands, I was extremely
happy. It was not only the feeli ng of owning a new technology gadget , but also the happiness
of completing a task in my to-do -list. I have kept using this phone until now and I hope it will
work well for a long time to come.

VOCABULARY
✓ Deteriorate: to become worse.
Example: Her health deteriorated rapidly.
✓ Frustratingly : in a way that causes you to feel annoyed and impatient because you
cannot do or achieve what you want.
Example: Progress was frustratingly slow.
✓ Meet one’s needs: satisfy what is needed
Example: The new online course meets my needs – it is exactly what I want.
✓ Afford : to have enough money or time to be able to buy or to do something.
Example: We can't afford to go abroad this summer.
✓ Save up: to save money for something.
Example: I’m saving (up) for a new bike.
✓ Budget : the money that is available to a person or an organization and a plan of how
it will be spent over a period of time.
Example: We decorated the house on a tight budget.
✓ Economize: use less money than you normally use.
Example: I plan to economize on holidays this year by camping instead of booking a hotel.
✓ Technology gadget : a small technological object (such as a device or an appliance)
that has a particular function.
Example: He is interested in technology gadgets.

76. Describe a situation that made you a little angry.
You should say:
where you were when this happened
what you were doing at the time
who you were with
and explain how you handled this situation or

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and explain why you felt angry.

Today, I would like to shar e with you a situation that made me a little angry. Two months ago
when I did some online shopping for a jacket on the internet, I had the worst online shopping
experience ever, which made me so annoyed.
I was surfing the internet to browse the options, lo oking for a warm casual jacket to get me
through the colder weather that will soon be upon us. I stumbled upon one that was exactly
what I wanted, so I left a comment to catch the seller’s attention. I decided to order and pay
for it and asked for it to b e delivered to my house as soon as possible. She promised me that it
would arrive within 2 days.
However, after 2 days I had received nothing. I found myself being cheated and it really
made my blood boil . I tried my best to reach her to ask about the jacket which I had paid for,
but there was never any answer at all when I tried to contact her. That’s when it dawned on
me that she had lied to me and the whole thing was a scam . My anger grew and I felt
frustrated and confused at that time, because I could not do anything about it.
So, I learned the hard way that it was so risky to buy products online. I should not have done
it. In future, if I come across something on the internet that I would really lik e, I will head
for a store to check it out carefully before making a purchase decision.

VOCABULARY:
surf: [verb] use [the internet].
Example: I am surfing the internet for information about the new James Bond film.
browse: [verb] look at a lot of things, hoping to find something that you like.
Example: I sometimes go to my local bookstore to browse through the fiction section.
casual: [adjective] comfortable and informal clothes.
Example: In my spare time, when I don’ t have to go to work, I prefer to wear casual clothes.
get me through: [expression] help me to cope with a situation successfully.
Example: When I can’t sleep, I sometimes watch TV to help get me through the night.
stumble upon: [phrasal verb] discove r something/someone unexpectedly.
Example: While I was browsing through some websites, I stumbled upon the information
that I needed for my essay.
cheat: [verb] trick someone or make them believe something which is not true.
Example: Many people felt cheated when the government failed to build more schools, as it
had promised to do.

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made my blood boil: [expression] cause someone to be angry.
Example: When my laptop was stolen, it made my blood boil and I needed a few minutes to
calm down.
dawn on: [phrasal verb] realize something for the first time.
Example: When I entered the airport, it dawned on me that I had forgotten my passport.
scam: [noun] a clever and dishonest plan for making money.
Example: The offer of a free holiday was false. It w as simply a scam to encourage people to
buy tickets from the airline.
learned the hard way: [expression] learn from a bad experience, rather than being taught.
Example: After I had an accident on my bike, I learned the hard way that I should always
wear a protective helmet.
risky: [adjective] involving the possibility of something bad happening.
Example: Working on a construction site is a risky job – you always have to be careful.
head for: [phrasal verb] go towards, go to find something.
Example: While my wife went looking for a new coat to buy, I headed for the nearest coffee
shop!

77. Describe your favourite season or time of the year .
You should say:
what season (or time of the year) it is
what the weather is like at this time
what people usually do at this time
and explain why you enjoy that season or time of the year or
and explain why you enjoy that season or time of the year more than other seasons or times of
the year.

Well, I’m living in Hanoi and you know, the weather patterns are quite different between the
North and the South of Vietnam. There are four distinct seasons in Hanoi and the one that I
like the most is autumn.
Autumn in Hanoi usually lasts for about 3 months, starting in September and ending in
November. It seems to be the most comfortable season in the whole year. The weather during
the fall is normally cool with some sunny spells . The temperature tends to fluctuate from 20
to 25 degree celsius. Occasionally, there are light rains in the evening but they ar e often just
short showers.

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With the cool breezes , it is ideal for people to get together outside and hang out with their
friends. Anothing thing is that everyone wants to have picnics in the urban areas near Hanoi
and take some pictures with their family . Also, this time of the year marks the beginning of a
new school year for students around Vietnam.
In contrast, the summer is boiling, so it is torturing to have to go out in the streets under the
hot sun. Likewise, the winter is freezing and in a typica l spring there are usually heavy rains.
So, these are really unattractive features of the other seasons. However, the fresh weather
during the autumn really makes me feel relaxed and energizes me to do a lot of things. That is
the major reason why I prefer the fall and why it has always been my favourite time of the
year.

Vocabulary:
weather patterns: [noun] the regular way in which the weather changes throughout the year.
Example: Due to climate change, the familiar weather patterns are becoming less
predictable.
distinct: [adjective] clearly different or of a different type.
Example: Traditional Vietnamese dishes are very distinct from Thai cuisine.
fall: [noun] North American English uses ‘fall’ and British English uses ‘autum n’.
Example: In the fall , many people are already buying warm winter clothes ready for the
really cold weather.
spells: [noun] short periods of time.
Example: It will rain for most of the day, but there will be some dry spells.
light: [adjective] not great in amount.
Example: The weather forecast is for light showers only, so don’t worry if you forget to take
your umbrella.
showers: [noun] short periods of rain.
Example: Today, there will be some showers , but there will also be m any sunny spells.
breezes: [noun] winds that are not strong.
Example: The gentle breezes moved the curtains in my window just a little.
hang out: [phrasal verb] spend a lot of time in a place.
Example: During the school holidays, I hang out in the pa rk with my friends.
marks: [verb] indicates the time of an event or when something regularly happens.
Example: When the leaves of the trees turn to red, this marks the beginning of autumn/the
fall.

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boiling: [adjective] extremely hot.
Example: In the summer weather, I was boiling in my overcoat!
torturing: [verb] causing severe discomfort or unhappiness.
Example: It was torturing for me to see him slowly becoming more and more ill.
freezing: [adjective] extremely cold.
Example: Don’t forget to wear your winter coat and hat – it’s freezing outside.
energize: [verb] give someone more energy or strength.
Example: The words of the football manager during the interval really energized the players.

78. Describe someone you know who recently moved to new accommodation.
You sh ould sat:
who he or she is
what kind of accommodation they moved to
and explain why they moved.

I’m going to share with you a story about one of my friends who recently moved to new
accommodation. We had a chance to meet 5 years ago when I travelled to Ho Chi Minh city,
and we hit it off pretty well. We have kept in touch with each other regularly si nce then. And
she has now left there for Hanoi because of her upcoming job.
Before moving here, she gave me a call to ask me to help her to find a small apartment in the
centre of Hanoi. Fortunately, I knew a person who had one to rent near Hoan Kiem lake. It
seemed to fit her needs , I guess, so I sent her some photos of this apartment. Although I still
could not be sure if she would like it, it turned out that she was really interested in it.
It is kind of a serviced fully furnished aparment including air conditioner, washing machine,
hair dryer – just about everything you can think of. It is about 50 metres square with only one
bedroom and modern interior decor . What she really loved was the small balcony with a view
of Hoan Kiem lake. She finds it wonder ful and relaxing when sitting there and enjoying a cup
of coffee after a long stressful day at work. Also she can get to work in almost no time , just
about 5 minutes.
My friend and I threw a house warming party for her. At weekends, the three of us tend to
get together just to hang out and take it easy . Because she lives away from her family, I have
tried my best to help her deal with unfamiliar situations in her new accommodation as much
as possible. She is really grateful to me and she treated me to a dinner as a way of thank you.

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Vocabulary:
hit it off: [expression] have a good friendly relationship with someone.
Example: I met some new work colleagues at the office today, and we hit it off straight
away.
kept in touch: [expression] maintained contact with someone, by calling or writing to them.
Example: Have you kept in touch with your old friends from university?
upcoming: [adjective] something that will happen soon.
Example: It is not certain who will win the upcoming presidential election.
fit her needs: [expression] be suitable for her.
Example: The course was perfect to fit her needs, because the qualification at the end
would enable her to become a teacher.
turned out: [phrasal verb] happened or ended in a particular way.
Example: I was not allowed to enter the country, because it turned out that my visa had
expired.
serviced apartment: [noun] services like housekeeping, regular cleaning, parking, security
are usually provided.
Example: A serviced a partment provides many of the comforts and conveniences of a hotel
room.
just about: [adverb] almost.
Example: Although I only started the course last week, I know just about all of my fellow
students.
decor: [noun] the style in which the inside of a building is decorated.
Example: The restaurant has an elegant new decor , including lighter colours and large
paintings.
in almost no time: [expression] very rapidly.
Example: If you take the fast train, you should arrive there in almost no time .
house warming party: [noun] a party given by someone who has just moved into a new
house.
Example: At my house warming party , I invited all my new neighbours.
hang out: [phrasal verb] spend time in a place, without any special purpose.
Example: I sometimes hang out at my local coffee shop, in case any of my friends call in for
a coffee.
take it easy: [expression] relax.
Example: My doctor told me to take it easy and not to do any heavy physical work.

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79. The First Time You Used a Foreign Language
Describe t he first time you used a foreign language to communicate.
You should say:
what the situation was
where you were
who you communicated with
and explain why you used a foreign language to communicate on this occasion.
ANSWER:
I have been learning English for a long time , but I haven’t had many chances to practice
speaking English with native speakers . To the best of my recollection , the first time I used
it was on Christmas Eve three years ago.
At that time, I was hanging out with my friends. Suddenly, a foreigner came up to me and
asked for directions to a supermarket. Honestly, he spoke too quickly for me to catch
everything . But after he repeated his words, I finally understood and showed him the way to
the nearest supermar ket. I used body language a lot to explain the directions to him, since I
didn’t speak English well then. After that , he said “ Thank RX” to me and headed for the
supermarket.
I realize that English plays an important role in our life, despite the fact tha t we don’t live in
English -speaking countries. It is spoken globally and it’s becoming the dominant language.
Therefore, I have been trying to practice speaking English daily so that I can have a good
command of this language, and I can talk confidently wi th foreigners, whatever the topic of
conversation.

VOCABULARY
✓ to the best of my recollection: [expression] if I remember correctly.
Example: I was not present at that meeting, to the best of my recollection .

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✓ hanging out: [phrasal verb] spending a lot of time in a particular place, but doing no
special activity.
Example: My friends and I enjoy hanging out at our local coffee shop, just chatting and
enjoying a coffee.
✓ came up to: [phrasal verb] approached.
Example: The manager came up to me and shook my hand.
✓ catch everything: [expression] hear or understand everything that he said.
Example: At the train station it was too noisy to hear all the information clearly, and I was
unable to catch everything.
✓ body language: [noun] the way that you show what you feel or think by moving
your body.
Example: Sometimes, our teacher uses body language , not words, to help to communicate
an idea.
✓ headed for: [phrasal verb] moved in a particular direction.
Example: After the sh ow finished, everyone headed for the exits.
✓ have a good command of: [expression] have a good knowledge of something.
Example: People who apply for this job must have a good command of English, in order to
communicate with our American customers.
80. Describ e a free -time activity that you like to do after you have finished your
study or work.
You should say:
what you do
where you do it
when you do it
who you do it with
and explain why you like to do this activity.

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Well, I am kind of a workaholic . I am so caught up in my work on a daily basis that I do not
have too much time to relax after a long working day. Listening to music is the only thing
that I really want to do to relax at home.
There are a few things that I normally try to do to wind down , but lis tening to music is how I
usually like to spend my free time. Because my work takes almost all the time during the day,
I want to make the most of my evening by creating a cozy atmosphere for myself and just put
my feet up . When I stay home, I like to dim the lights, turn on some soft music and enjoy
myself for the rest of the evening. Soft light and sounds help me to chill out pretty well.
I also enjoy grabbing a favourite book and relaxing in a big comfy chair with a blanket and
my pet cat on my lap, whil e listening to music in the background. It works wonders . I find it
therapeutic and relaxing when I take a little time for myself to play an inspirational song to
unwind . You see, you don’t have to waste a lot of time and money in order to have a restful
evening.
If I take some days off, I will go for a short holiday to get away from all the pressures.
However, for the rest of the days when I have finished my work already, listening to music is
my preferred choice. That is wonderful for me, and so I do not see myself changing my habit
any time soon .

Vocabulary:
workaholic: [noun] a person who works very hard and finds it difficult to stop working and
do other things.
Example: My sister is a workaholic – she never takes a day off to relax and have fun.

caught up in: [phrasal verb] very involved in an activity, so that you do not notice other
things.
Example: I was so caught up in my revision that I forgot to feed the dog.

wind down: [phrasal verb] rest or relax after a period of activity.
Example: After teaching all day, it’s nice to go and have a coffee to wind down.

make the most of: [expression] use to the best advantage.
Example: I intend to make the most of the holidays by finishing my assignment.

cozy: [adjective] warm and comfortable , because you are in a small space.

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Example: I feel cozy sitting in front of the fire in my small house.

put my feet up: [expression] sit down, lie back and rest.
Example: I like to sit in my favourite armchair with a cup of coffee and just put my fee t up
after I come home.

dim: [verb] make a light less bright.
Example: In the theatre, the play was about to begin. The lights were dimmed and the
audience fell silent.

chill out: [phrasal verb] spend time relaxing.
Example: I like to go out with my friends and chill out – just chatting and having a coffee.

grabbing: [verb] having or taking something quickly.
Example: You should have a good lunch – grabbing a sandwich is a bad habit.

comfy: [adjective] comfortable.
Example: My new bed is really comfy and I fall asleep straight away.

works wonders: [expression] has a very good effect on someone or something.
Example: A good night’s sleep works wonders for your mind and body.

therapeut ic: [adjective] helping you to relax.
Example: My dentist plays soft music while her patients are waiting, because she says that it
is therapeutic.

inspirational: [adjective] something that motivates you and makes you have exciting ideas.
Example: T he President gave an inspirational speech to his supporters.

unwind: [verb] SEE: wind down.

any time soon: [expression] in the near future.
Example: After our big argument, I am not expecting her to call me any time soon .

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81, 82, 83 . Describe an ed ucational TV program that you have seen./ Describe a new skill
you would like to learn /(Something that you cannot do now) /Describe an art or craft
activity that you did at school.
Describe an educational TV program that you have seen
You should say:
what this program was (or, is) about
how often you have watched it
what types of people watch this program
and explain why you think it was (is) educational or explain what you liked or disliked about
this program.
Describe a new skill you would like to lear n.
You should say:
what skill (= what you would like to learn to do)
how you would learn it
how difficult you think it would be
and explain why you would like to learn this skill.
Describe an art or craft activity that you did at school.
You should say:
what activity it was
how you did it *
who you did it with
and explain how you felt about this activity.

ANSWER:
Since I am very interested in handwork activities, I would like to learn how to make a 3D
card. I love watching TV programs that teach you ho w to do crafts .
Nowadays, there are so many TV channels that focus on Do -It-Yourself activities but the
one that I find the most interesting and doable is “Art Attack” on Disney Channel. The show
airs for 30 minutes once a week.
- For topic Describe an educational TV program that you have seen
This show is made especially for young children and tweens , however, I think it is also
suitable for the parents and adults.

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Each episode shows you how to make different arts and craft products, from a handmade
cra ft to a picture frame, or how to decorate your room, how to make a flower vase from old
newspaper, etc.
By watching these kinds of programs, children are encouraged to develop their imagination.
In addition, it also helps bring parents and kids closer to each other, creating a strong bond
among family members.
- For topics Describe a new skill you would like to learn/(Something that you
cannot do now) /Describe an art or craft activity that you did at school.
The host of the show showed us step -by -step how to fold a paper to create a heart shape and
how we could glue the heart shape onto the blank card so that when we opened it, the hear t
popped up.
It was very interesting to see the product after it was done. Nowadays, it is easy to buy
preprinted cards, but none of them are 3D. Being handmade makes the card more unique and
most importantly is that it was made by me. Imagine if someone g ave you a present and said
that it was made by him or her, how special you would feel!
Vocabulary
✓ handwork activities: when you create something with your own hands; “My
daughter loved to do handwork activities when she was younger.”
✓ crafts: projects that people like to do that involve creating something that is artsy, but
is not considered fine art. Examples are things that you make to decorate your home, quilting,
sewing, woodworking, etc. “I love to make crafts and give them to people as presents.”
✓ Do -It-Yourself: also known as DIY, a popular term to talk about the things that
people can do themselves, like minor house repairs and maintenance, building things and
working in their yards; “My husband loves Do -It-Yourself house projects.”
✓ doable: something is doable if it can be done, if you can do it; “Her son didn’t think
his homework was doable, but he was just complaining and being lazy.”
✓ airs: to air means to run a program on TV or radio; “My favorite TV show airs every
night at 5:00 p.m.”

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✓ tweens: describes kids between the ages of 10 and 12; they are in the tens, but they
aren’t yet considered teenagers because they haven’t hit the numbers that say teen, like
thirteen; “I have a class full of crazy tweens!”
✓ suitable for: appropriate for, it’s okay for; “This show is not suitable for children and
that is why it is rated TV14.”
✓ episode: an episode is one installment of a series of shows; a season may have 8 to 10
episodes or more; “Did you see the new episode of Game of Thrones?”
✓ decorate : to put thin gs in a room to add color and artwork; “My bedroom is so
boring; I need to decorate it!”
✓ these kinds of programs: use these kinds of to talk about something in the plural; use
this kind of to talk about something singular; “I like these kinds of bananas.” or “I like this
kind of banana.”
✓ to create a strong bond: to make a strong connection with another person: “I created
a strong bond with the members of my soccer team over the last two years.”
✓ to fold a paper: to move the different parts of a piece of paper over other parts;
“Origami is the art of folding paper into intricate shapes.”
✓ imagine if: to think about a possibility, “Imagine if you were rich. What would you
buy?”
84. Describe a famous person in your country
You should say:
Who this person is
How you know this person
What this person is famous for
And explain why you like this person

ANSWER
Today I am going to talk about a famous person in my country who I have admired since I
was young. He is Professor Ngo Bao Chau.
I first heard about Ng o Bao Chau on the news 6 years ago when he received the Fields
Medal, which is often described as the mathematician’s Nobel Prize. However, earlier in

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2005, he was granted the title of professor in Vietnam, becoming the country’s youngest
professor ever.
Professor Ngo Bao Chau has been awarded the highest academic honor due to his great
mathematical research. He is best known for proving the Fundamental Lemma. His work has
achieved such a distinction that it has been listed as one of the top ten scientifi c discoveries of
2009 by Time magazine.
The story of Ngo Bao Chau has inspired me considerably. I remember in an interview after
receiving the Medal, Ngo Bao Chau said that he had been studying maths out of /due to /
because of/ owing to his passion but no t out of /due to / because of/ owing to a desire to
achieve. This statement impressed me a lot. Besides, another characteristic I like regarding
this professor is his persistence. During the time studying the Fundamental Lemma, became
stuck and almost fail ed to solve this complex problem. Despite the difficulties, he did not
choose to give up so finally he got through them. His personality has been an inspiration for
me working harder towards my dream.

VOCABULARY:
✓ Describe as (miêu tả là) [verb] to portrait a person or a thing as something in a more
particular state.
Example: My friend described our new teacher as a middle -aged woman wearing a thick pair
of glasses.
✓ Mathematician (nhà toán học) [noun] an expert in Maths.
Example: Isaac Newton is not only a famous physicist but also a great mathematician whose
book called Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy became the catalyst to
understanding mechanics.
✓ Best known for (n ổi tiếng về) [adjective] famous for.
Example: Nha Trang is one of interesting tourist attractions which is best known for
stunning beaches and fresh seafood.
✓ Get over (vư ợt qua) [phrasal verb] to find a way to solve or deal with a difficult
problem .
Example: You will get over the illness more quickly if you relax and follow the doctor’s
instruction.
✓ Despite (dù cho) [preposition] has a similar meaning to although or even though and
expresses a contrast between two things. It is always followed by a noun or a noun phrase.
Example: You must keep moving forward to make a success despite despondency.

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✓ Persistence (sự kiên trì) [noun] firm or obstinate continuance in a course of action in
spite of difficulty or opposition.
Example: Her persistence and enthusiasm have helped the group to achieve its international
success.
85. Describe an article you read in a magazine or on the internet about healthy
living.
You should say:
what the article was about
where you read it (which magazine or website)
and explain what you learned/thought from the article
ANSWER:
- Recently I came across an interesting article on the internet about the benefits of
drinking warm water with lemon in the morning . The website name is
bodyandsoul.com.au .
- You would normally think that lemon water is just one kind of drink that helps
keep your body hydrated, however, it brings you many other benefits that you can’t
imagine.
- The article says that if you build up a habit of kicking off your day with a glass of
warm water with the juice of half a lemon , you will do your body and mind a great favor.
- Firstly , lemon juice is a great source of Vitamin C, thus it helps boost your immune
system in fighting off colds and flu. Moreover, lemons are great for combating skin ageing
because they are rich in antioxidant properties. Lemon also helps clean our urinary tract and
detoxify our livers. The list of benefits doesn’t end there. The high level of potassium in
lemons can help brain and nerve functioning and control blood pressure. Lemon water can
also ward off stress and depression , which have been linked to low levels of potassium. As a
result, the article suggests if you continue drinking warm water with lemon first thing in the
morning for at least 21 consecutive days, you will notice the difference in your skin and
general health immediately.

VOCABULARY
✓ hydrated: [adjective] capable of absorbing or taking in water.

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Example: In hot weather, keep your body hydrated by drinking lots of water.
✓ build up: [phrasal verb] to develop.
Example: In business, it is important to build up a good relati onship with customers.
✓ kicking off your day : [verb phrase] starting your day [like starting a football match
by kicking the ball]
Example: Kick off your day with a good breakfast, before you go to school.
✓ boost your immune system: [verb phrase] to mak e your body stronger to help it
fight against illness.
Example: A healthy diet of fruit and vegetables, combined with exercise and sleep, will
boost your immune system by making your body strong.
✓ fight off: [phrasal verb] to resist – in this case, illne ss.
Example: The soldiers fought off the enemy attack.
✓ ageing: [noun] the process of becoming old.
Example: There are some skin care products which claim to stop the ageing process.
✓ antioxidant: [adjective] removing harmful substances from the body.
Example: Vitamin C has antioxidant properties, so it is good to have it in your diet to prevent
illness.
✓ urinary tract: [noun] the part of the body through which waste liquid passes.
Example: If you have pain when you go to the toilet , it may be a sym ptom of an infection of
your urinary tract.
✓ detoxify: [verb] to remove harmful or poisonous substances, in this case from your
liver.
Example: As harmful substances can build up during the night, you can clean your liver and
detoxify it by drinking lemo n water in the morning.
ward off: [phrasal verb] to protect or defend yourself against illness or danger.
✓ Example: She put up her hands to ward off her attacker.

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86. Describe a time you missed an important appointment for something
You should say:
• when and where it happened
• what the appointment was for
• what happened when you missed it
• and explain how you felt about the appointment.

ANSWER
I’m going to describe the time I was late for my first job interview . It happened in the fall of 2012, as
I recall , which is when I was a sophomore . I had always dreamed of becoming a marketer , so I’d
already joined a marketing course and after that, I was ready to apply for an internship in this field.
The company I applied to was a start -up in education techno logy . Specifically, they offered online
English courses to those who wanted to brush up on their English speaking skills. They were looking
for a marketing intern, and as I was interested in both English and marketing, I applied for this
position .
I sent them my CV and was accepted, so we made an appointment for an interview . However, when
the day came , I was late for the interview because I was lost. I can still recollect the panic that I felt,
and I finally managed to get to the interview, but 30 minutes late. “I am so doomed ,” I thought, and
the next thing I knew , the interviewer just told me I was late for the interview without prior notice so
regrettably I was rejected .
That was a painful experience for me, and since then I’ve tried my best not to be late for any
appointments ever again.

VOCABULARY
✓ Sophomore [n] a student in the second year of a couse of study at a college or university:
e.g. Most universities provide internship opportunities for their third -year students, or even
sophomores.
✓ Marketer [n] a person whose job it is to promote and sell the products of a company in the
best possible way:
e.g. As a marketer and developer of software, I earn a lot of money these days.
✓ Start -up [n] a company that is just beginning to operate:
e.g. His company was a successful start -up in the field of bio -engineering.
✓ Education technology [expression] education using technology to deliver knowledge, e.g.
using computers and projectors in class:
e.g. Education technology has become really popular these days.
✓ To brush up on smt [phrasal verb] to quickly improve a skill, especially when you have not
used it for a long time:

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e.g. I must brush up on my Spanish before I go to Spain.
✓ To recollect [v] to remember something, especially when you make an effort to remember it:
e.g. I recollect all the details of my flat in Paris.
✓ Panic [n] a feeling of fear or anxiety that prevents you from thinking clearly:
e.g. Office workers fled in panic as the fire started to spread.
✓ Doomed [adj] certain to fail, die, or be destroyed:
e.g. This is a doomed city – the volcano will erupt very soon.
✓ Prior [adj] happening or existing before something else or before a particular time:
e.g. Please give us prior noti ce if you need an evening meal.
✓ To reject [v] to refuse to accept, use, or believe something or someone:
e.g. The prime minister rejected the suggestion that it was time for him to resign.

87. Describe a team project for study or entertainment
You should say:
• When you did it
• Where you did it
• Who you did it with
• How you did it
• Why you liked it or disliked it

ANSWER
Well, when it comes to teamwork, I can only think of a bad memory. I remember when I was a first
year student, my teacher asked me and some other students in my class to set up a team project. A girl
was assigned to be the leader and we had to prepare a presentation about our u niversity. My teacher
thought it would make a great contribution to our friendship, and the whole thing done with the best
of intentions. But it turned out to be the worst team project ever.
All of us were freshmen , so my team was essentially a bunch of strangers who I happened to be
teamed up with. I didn’t know anything about the others, and they knew nothing about me. Moreover,
it was obvious that the leader didn’t have any leadership skill. She didn’t know how to allocate work
to individual team memb ers. She always sat on the fence , I mean, she let every member raise their
voice but she didn’t know which one would be the best. As a result, she wasn’t able to make any
decisions. No one in our team showed any respect for her. They only did what they wa nted to do.
And I was no exception. I was too busy doing my own thing . In the end, no one did any work and
nothing was done. Several weeks later, I was still kicking myself for taking part in such a team
project.

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VOCABULARY
✓ When it comes to: [expression] as for something; speaking about a particular topic
Example: When it comes to trouble, little boys know how to cause it.
✓ assign: [verb] to give a particular job or piece of work to someone
Example: The case has been assigned to our most senior officer.
✓ freshmen: [noun] first -year university or college students
Example: The dean of the university gave a speech of welcome to all the freshmen who had arrived
there to study.
✓ A bunch of: [ex pression] a large group
Example: She gave me a bunch of flowers.
✓ allocate: [verb] to give something to someone as their share of a total amount, to use in a
particular way
Example: The government is allocating £10 million for health education.
✓ Sit on the fence: [idiom] not to take sides in a dispute; not to make a clear choice between
two possibilities in a dispute .
Example: My tutor told me to support one side of the argument or the other, and not to sit on the
fence.
✓ Do one’s own thing: [expression] following one’s own interests and ideas, without
considering other people
Example: On Sundays, I just enjoy doing my own thing without any regular commitments.
✓ To kick oneself for: [idiom] regret doing something
Example: I’m kicking mysel f for not buying that T-shirt.


88. Describe a place in other countries where you would like to work
You should say:
Where you would like to go
What kind of work/ job you would like to have
When you would like to go
And explain why you want to work in that place.

ANSWER
Today, I would like to talk about a place in foreign countries where I would like to work. It is
Melbourne, the second largest city in Australia which has become home for millions of people from
various countries around the world.
n Melbourn e, I would like to work for an environmental NGO, as my specialty at/in university is
Environmental Resources. So, right after I finish my studies in Vietnam, I will go to Melbourne to
apply for a job there.

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Well, the reasons why I would like to work in Me lbourne are quite simple. First, I have a lot of friends
and relatives who live and work in Melbourne. They can help me whenever I need. They also tell me
that the community of Vietnamese overseas is very large in Melbourne. So, the multi -cultural
challeng e won’t be a big problem for me. And what's more, like Sydney, Tokyo or some other cities
in the world, Melbourne is a 'liveable city' due to / because of its high ranking in education, research
and healthy lifestyle/ way of life. So I think that to live, study or work there will be an interesting
experience.

VOCABULARY
✓ Various (khác nhau, nhiều loại): [adjective] different, a variety of, many types of.
Example: My students come from various countries in the world, such as India, Laos, Thailand, etc.
✓ Specialty (chuyên môn, chuyên ngành):[noun] focus, special field of study
Example: Marie Cury was a well -known scientist with her specialty in radiation
✓ Apply for a job/position(nộp đơn xin, đăng ký xin việc):[verb] to enroll in, to write a letter
asking f or a job
Example: She submited a letter to apply for that post/ position
✓ Relatives (họ hàng, người nhà)
Someone who is close in the family branch, such as aunt, uncle, cousin, and so on.
Example: Tet holiday is an occasion for us to visit our relatives' ho uses and to give them best wishes
✓ Vietnamese overseas (Việt kiều)[noun]
Vietnamese people who live in foreign countries
Example: Each year, the Vietnamese overseas contribute a large amount of money to the country's
development.
✓ Multi -cultural challenge( t hử thách, khó khăn về đa văn hóa) [adj+n] difficulties caused by
the clash between so many cultures
Example:Australia is an example of multi - cultural country
✓ Liveable (đáng sống, sống được) [adjective] + city: a city with favorable conditions for living
Example: This city is a liveable place for the poor
✓ Ranking (xếp hạng, thứ bậc, chất lượng)[noun] level, qualification
Example:
The ranking of education of Vietnam is still fairly low in the region
✓ Healthy ( lành mạnh, khỏe mạnh) [adjective] good for health , good for operation
Example: Investors require a healthy environment for their business activities in Vietnam

89. Describe an interesting public place in your hometown, or where you are living
now, that you like to go to
You should say:

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where it is
how often you go there
what you do there
and explain why you think it is interesting.

ANSWER
Today, Im going to share with you an interesting public place where I really enjoy going to to
hang out with my close friends in my spare t ime, which is a lovely café named The Hanoi
Social Club.
It is situated at Hoi Vu alley – a small quiet lane near Hang Bong street in the centre of
Hanoi. The coffee house is decorated in an old, traditional French style, with a lot of
paintings on the wal l, and it attracts a lot of foreign customers. As a full -time student, I have
been so caught up in my studies, therefore, I just take a day off to go there on weekends after
a long stressful week.
There are many live music events taking place there perfor med by acoustic guitarists, so I
often check them out on the internet and come with my friends. Because this type of music is
my kind of thing, I am in my element just humming the tune of the songs and relaxing in a
comfy chair to enjoy myself.
The fast fo od tastes quite savoury and especially the coffee in The Hanoi Social Club is
always irresistibly delicious. That might be the reason why it was ranked among the top 5
best coffee shops in Hanoi in 2015. What I really love is how cozy the atmosphere is,
so mething which I have not found in any other coffee shop yet.
Whenever things go wrong, I often go there as a hideaway to escape from all the pressures
and order a cup of coffee to relieve my stress. It always works wonders . I find it extremely
therapeutic and soothing . Therefore, it’s more than likely that I will still keep coming back to
it as my favourite place in the near future.
VOCABULARY
✓ hang out: [phrasal verb] spend time in a particular place.
Example: I sometimes hang out at the shopping mall on Sundays and meet up with my
friends.
✓ lane: [noun] a narrow street in a city, with buildings on both sides.
Example: The lane behind the museum will take you directly to the train station.
✓ decorate: [verb] make something more attractive.
Example: Her living room is always decorated with flowers.

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✓ caught up: [phrasal verb] involved in a concentrated way, so that you forget other
things around you.
Example: I was so caught up in the film that I forgot to feed the cat.
✓ acoustic: [adjective] designed to make natural sound, not sound produced by
electrical equipment.
Example: Artists who play traditional music usually use acoustic instruments, copying the
way in which the music was originally played.
✓ in my element: [expression] doing what I enjoy.
Example: I am really in my element at parties, because I love dancing and mixing with
friends.
✓ hum: [verb] sing a tune with your lips closed.
Example: He began humming along to the music.
✓ comfy: [adjective] comfortable.
Example: This new jacket isn’t as comfy as my old one.
✓ irresistibly: [adverb] in a way that is so strong that it cannot be stopped.
Example: Romeo and Juliet in Shakespeare’s play were two young lovers who were
irresistibly attracted to each other.
✓ cozy: [adjective] warm and comfortable and safe, often used to refer to something
small.
Example: I felt cozy and relaxed sitting by the fire.
✓ hideaway: [noun] a place where you can go to be alone.
Example: He escapes to his hideaway in the country at wee kends.
✓ relieve: [verb] remove or reduce an unpleasant feeling or pain.
Example: To relieve his feeling of guilt, he decided to tell the truth to the police.
✓ work wonders: [expression] have a very good effect on someone or something.
Example: If you have a bad cold, a hot lemon drink at night works wonders.
✓ therapeutic: [adjective] helping you to relax.
Example: I find that yoga is very therapeutic , and I always feel better after my yoga class.
✓ soothing: [adjective] that makes someone who is anxio us or stressed, feel better.
Example: The doctor has such a soothing voice that his patients feel relaxed immediately.

90. Describe an item that you received and made you happy
You should say
When you received it
What the item was

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Who gave you it
And explain why you felt happy

ANSWER (Trích từ đề “Describe an item of clothing that was bought for RX)
I would like to describe a coat my parents gave me as a present on my 18 th birthday . I must say that
it is really smart and exactly to my liking.
The coat is made of cotton only and by a Vietnamese clothes brand . It is a knee -length black coat ,
which was in fashion at that time. What I like the most is that there are two deep side pockets , so in
winter , I always put my hands into those pockets to av oid the cold. Besides, I can button the coat
from top to bottom and it’s also got a decorative waist belt .
I am so fond of this coat that I usually wear it every winter. It fits me perfectly and makes me feel
comfortable and warm , no matter how cold the w eather is. I keep myself warm by wearing the coat
with jeans and boots , which match it well.
In fact , I have never thought whether it will be out of fashion. As this coat is a gift from my parents ,
I treasure it a lot and – for sure - I will keep w earing this coat in the future.
VOCABULARY:
✓ really smart: [adjective] very clean, neat and attractive.
Example: If you want to look good on special social occasions, or even at work, it is important to
dress in really smart clothes.
✓ to my liking: [expression] suitable, and how somebody likes something.
Example: The smart way in which she has decorated my house is exactly to my liking.
✓ button the coat: [verbal phrase] fasten the coat with buttons.
Example: Stepping outside my warm house, I quickly buttoned the coat which I was wearing to try
and keep warm.
✓ decorative: [adjective] intended to look attractive, because of the way in which it is
decorated.
Example: Many tourists visit the Temple of Literature because of the many decorative sculptures
which they can see there.
✓ fond of: [expression] finding something pleasant or enjoyable, especially something that
you have liked or enjoyed for a long time.
Example: My uncle is an excellent musician , and he is very fond of his hobby.
✓ match: [verb] if things match each other, they have the same colour or style and therefore
look attractive together.
Example: None of these shoes match my jeans – they are all very different and they are too formal.
✓ treasure: [verb] have or keep something that you love and that is very valuable to you.
Example: Thank you for e-mailing the photos. They are superb and I will always treasure them and
the memories that they bring.

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91. Describe an item of electronic equipm ent that you would like to have.
You should say:
what it is
where you would get (buy) it from
what features it would have (or, special features you would like it to have)
and explain why you would like to have it.

ANSWER:
- Since I was very small , I have had a special interest in cooking . So, it is no surprise
that, now that I have grown up , I dream of having an oven with rings for cooking on top ,
which is in very popular use overseas .
In Vietnam, this kind of oven is only sold at big electronic and appliance centers.
- Different from the normal oven , this one provides more stable and exact
temperatures, which is one of the critical factors in baking . Besides, it has four oven top
elements , which is highly convenient because it allows you to cook and bake at the same
time. It also saves a lot of space in your kitchen because it is free -standing . Another feature
that I would like the oven to have is a self -cleaning system . If you cook frequently , you will
definitely appreciate this facility . It is inev itable that when you cook , your oven/cooker will
get dirty. As a result, with the self -cleaning feature , it is much easier for us to clean.

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VOCABULARY:
✓ grow up: [phrasal verb] to develop into an adult.
Example: The children have all grown up and left home now.
✓ appliances : [noun] a machine which is designed to do a particular job in the home,
such as cleaning or preparing food.
Example: The store sells a range of household appliances , including microwave ovens and
washing machines.
✓ baking: [noun] the process of cooking something in the oven using dry heat.
Example: My mother loves baking – she makes bread and cakes every week in her oven.
✓ free -standing : [adjective] not a part of or attached to something else.
Example: The cupboard was free -standing , so it was easy to move it away from the wall.
✓ self -cleaning : [adjective] able to be cleaned without a person having to clean it.
Example: Her new oven was self -cleaning ; when it was dirty it cleaned itself automatically.
✓ facility: [noun ] a special feature of a machine that enables it to do something extra.
Example: My computer has a facility for checking spelling.
92, 93 . Describe a time when you forgot something important /Describe a time when you
borrowed something.
Describe a time when you forgot something important.
You should say:
when it happened
what you forgot
who you were with
what was the result of your forgetting
and explain why it was important.

Describe a time when you borrowed something.
You should say:
what you borrowed
who you borrowed it from
what you used it for (how it was useful to you)

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and explain why you borrowed it. *

ANSWER
Today I am going to share with you the time when I forgot something important/ I (once)
borrowed something useful. It happened a few months ago when I had to attend an important
exam for my accounting qualification.

The test strictly required candidates to use black ball point pen to write the paper. I was sure
that morning when I left for the exam that I had put two pens in my backp ack. However, I
was not sure of their ink colors. So by the time I reached the examination hall, I quickly
opened my backpack to check. To my surprise, they were both blue pens.

This could have resulted in my answer booklet being disqualified and I would have had to
re-take the exam. Since the exam was held twice a year only, this mistake would not only
have cost me valuable time but also a lot of money for the upcoming exams.

In panic, I looked around to see any familiar face to ask for help; however, I did not see
anyone but the examiner. I took a deep breath and decided to ask him if he had a spare black
pen that I could borrow.

Luckily, he did. He was willing to lend me one and did not forget to remind me about the
regulation. I was relieved and ready to sit my exam, thanks to a kind examiner.

VOCABULARY
✓ disqualified: [verb] prevent somebody from doing something, because they have
broken the regulations.
Example: The police stop ped the man in his car. He had been drinking and driving and he
was disqualified from driving for 3 years.
✓ upcoming : [adjective] something which is upcoming is going to happen soon.
Example: Brazil is preparing for the upcoming Olympic Games in 2016.
✓ pa nic: [noun] a sudden feeling of fear.
Example: As the fire spread through the school, the students ran out in panic .
✓ breath: [noun] an amount of air which enters your lungs at one time.

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Example: He can count from 1 to 20 in one breath.

94. Describe a place with a lot of water (such as a river, a lake or the ocean) that you
enjoyed visiting.
You should say:
where this place was
what people were doing at this place (Or, what you did there)
why you went there
who you went there with *
and explain why you liked this place.

ANSWER:
Last summer, my family went on a vacation to Cat Ba island , which is located in Hai
Phong city and I was really impressed with the beach there.
To arrive at this destination, we had to take a ferry from the mainland , a journey which
lasted roughly one hour. Fortunately , I was not seasick . When we reached there, to be
honest, the scenery appealed to me a lot , especially the beach. The beach itself was
absolutely breathtaking and the crystal clear water seemed to stret ch endlessly to the
horizon . In addition, from a distance, huge waves were crashing onto the shore, which
sounded like a melody . I was so excited that I just wanted to jump into the sea right away .
On the beach , many people were enjoying the scenery, an d some were swimming while their
children were making sandcastles . My family quickly checked into the hotel , we changed
our clothes and joined the people there.
Actually, this vacation gave me the chance to relax and all my worries seemed to fall away .
Th erefore, I hope that we will be able to enjoy more holidays like this every year.
VOCABULARY
✓ impressed : [adjective] admiring something because it is good or beautiful.
Example: He never quit until he passed the exam, and we were impressed with his
determination.
✓ ferry: [noun] a boat that carries people, vehicles or goods across a river or a short
journey by sea.

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Example: Some people take the ferry every day to cross Hong Kong harbour and arrive at
work.
✓ the mainland: [noun] the main area of land of a country – not including any islands
near it.
Example: The island is a short journey from the mainland by ferry.
✓ roughly: [adverb] approximately, but not exactly.
Example: I didn’t count them, but there were roughly 50 students in the exam hall.
✓ seasick: [adjective] feeling ill and wanting to vomit when you travel on a boat or
ship.
Example: During the storm, most of the passengers on the boat felt seasick and they did not
recover until they reached the mainland.
✓ scenery: [noun] the natural features of an area, such as mountains, forests, rivers,
when you are thinking about them as being attractive to look at.
Example: Many tourists go to Thailand to enjoy the magnificent scenery , especially on the
coast.
✓ breathtaking: [adjective] very exciting or impressive.
Example: My hotel has a breathtaking view of the city – I can see all the famous buildings
from the window of my room.
✓ crystal clear: [adjective] completely clear and bright.
Example: The sea is not polluted on Cat Ba isla nd – it is crystal clear and you can see lots
of beautiful fish.
✓ stretch: [verb] spread over an area of land or sea.
Example: The desert stretches for thousands of kilometres until you reach the sea.
✓ endlessly: [adverb] in a way that seems to have no end.
Example: The road appeared to continue endlessly into the distance.
✓ the horizon: [noun] the furthest point that you can see, where the sky and the land or
sea appear to meet.
Example: When the ship appeared on the horizon, we knew that it had crossed the ocean
safely.
✓ crashing: [verb] hitting something hard while moving and making a lot of noise as a
result.
Example: The sea was crashing onto the rocks and it was much too dangerous to swim
there.
✓ the shore: [noun] the land along the edge of a sea or ocean.

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Example: In some areas of the beach, the shore was littered with rubbish left by tourists.
✓ melody : [noun] a piece of music with a simple, clear tune.
Example: The sound of the birds singing in the morning is so beautiful that it is like a
melody.
✓ right away : [adverb] immediately.
Example: I would like you to go right away , because the shops will close very soon
✓ sandcastle: [noun] a pile of sand made to look like a castle [children make these on
the beach].
Example: The children made two big sandcastles and put a flag on top of each one.
✓ checked into: [phrasal verb] arrived and registered at a hotel.
Example: We checked into our hotel and the receptionist gave us the keys to our room.
✓ fall awa y: [phrasal verb] gradually become smaller or fewer until they disappear.
Example: When I relax with my friends, my worries fall away and I can just enjoy myself.

95. Describe a family (not your own family) that you like.
You should say:
where this family lives
who the members of the family are
how you know them
what each person in this family does in life (student/work/retired etc.)
and explain why you like this family.

ANSWER:
I would like to talk about a family that I am very close to , it’s my uncle’s family.
His family has 2 daughters who are around the same age as me; therefore, I usually drop in
to his house to chat with them. At times, we bake some cakes and take them to our
grandparents’ house; then we have an overnight sleep ther e. Besides, we often hang out
together, especially at the weekends just to take it easy and enjoy ourselves so as to get ready
for a new week.
Their parents , I mean my uncle and aunt, are very warm -hearted , and they both work as
college teachers. So , whene ver I run into difficulties with my homework , I usually turn to
them for help. I remember when I was small , I used to live in my uncle’s house and they

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looked after me as if I had been their daughter. Hence, our relationships are out -of -this -
world , althoug h we don’t have much time together like before. But on special occasions
such as the Tet holiday, we will gather at my grandparents’ house to make Chung cake ,
enjoy a firework performance as well as wish New year’s greetings to each other.
As a final point , I hope that we can maintain this close relationship for ever.
VOCABULARY
✓ close to: [adjective] knowing someone very well and liking them a lot.
Example: I am still very close to my best friend, and we meet up regularly.
✓ drop in: [phrasal verb] pay an informal visit to someone.
Example: I was passing your house, so I decided to drop in and have a chat.
✓ overnight: [adjective] for one night.
Example: All the hotels were full and I could not find any overnight accommodation.
✓ ha ng out: [phrasal verb] spend a lot of time in a place.
Example: During the school holidays, a lot of kids hang out at the shopping mall.
✓ take it easy: [expression] relax and avoid working too hard or doing too much.
Example: The doctor told me to take it easy for a few days until I felt better.
✓ warm -hearted: [adjective] kind and generous.
Example: My parents were very warm -hearted and they always helped other people with
their problems.
✓ run into difficulties: [expression] experience difficulties.
Example: As I did not understand much French, I soon ran into difficulties when I visited
Paris.
✓ looked after : [phrasal verb] were responsible for and took care of me.
Example: My aunt looked after us while our mother was in hospital.
✓ out -of-this -world : [expression] used to emphasize how good something is.
Example: Visitors to Vietnam think that the traditional food is out -of -this -world.

96, 97 . Describe a person you know whose job is important to society/Describe someone
in the news who you would like to meet.

Describe a person you know whose job is important to society
You should say:
who this person is
how you know this person

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what job they do (= he or she does)
and explain why you think their job is important or why you think their work contributes to
society.

Describe someone in the news who you would like to meet.
You should say:
who this person is
why they are in the news
and explain why you would like to meet this person.

ANSWER:
Today , I am going to talk about a person whose job is important to society/ in the news
whom I would like to meet. It is Kenny G, the saxophonist .
I first listened to his music when I was very small, starting with the well -known piece
“Forever in Love ”. It was so melodious and relaxing that every time I listened to it, I felt
like I was on cloud 9.
Recently , Kenny G decided to hold a concert in Vietnam and it quickly became a major
news story, covered in all of our media from newspapers to TV , and most radio channels.
For people like me , who have been used to listening to his saxophone recordings since we
were young , this was a once in a lifetime chance to meet him in person and listen to his
music at a live concert , not on a music CD or online playlist .
Maybe to many people , being a musician doesn’t contribute much to our society. However, I
think that any career that we choose to pursue plays an important role in our lives. If a
business person is important, so is a musician . Imagine a world without mu sic, it would
definitely be so dull and boring . In addition, music also helps us soothe our soul and relax
our brain after hard days at work. Although we cannot quantify its benefit, the positive
effects that music brings to our lives are undeniably worth valuing.

VOCABULARY
✓ saxophonist: [noun] a person who plays the saxophone.
Example: At the music concert, I thought that the saxophonist and the pianist were
particularly good.

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✓ piece: [noun] here we use ‘piece’ to mean a ‘piece of music’. We usually use it to
refer to classical music or jazz –not modern or rock music.
Example: At the concert, Kenny G played two pieces which he had written himself.
✓ melodious: [adjective] music whi ch is pleasant to listen to is ‘melodious’.
Example: The piece was so melodious that I remember it whenever I am feeling relaxed and
comfortable.
✓ on cloud 9: [expression] extremely happy.
Example: When I read that I had passed the exam, I was on cloud 9.
✓ hold a concert: [verb phrase] to have a concert – we also use ‘hold a meeting/hold a
competition’ in the same way.
Example: The organisers decided to hold the concert in New York.
✓ once in a lifetime : [expression] used to describe something special that is not likely
to happen to you again.
Example: When my friend invited me to Brazil, I knew that this was a once in a lifetime
chance to visit the Amazon rainforest.
✓ live concert: [noun] a concert when people are watching and listening when the
event is actually taking place.
Example: One thousand people attended the live concert to hear the musicians perform in
person.
✓ soothe our soul: [verb phrase] to make us feel relaxed an d peaceful.
Example: Rock music is loud, but to feel relaxed I prefer to listen to classical music to
soothe my soul.
✓ quantify: [verb] to express something as an amount or number.
Example: The pleasure that we feel when we see or hear something beautiful is impossible to
quantify .

98. A Childhood Toy
Describe a special toy you had in your childhood.
You should say:
what it was
who gave it to you
how often you played with it (or, h ow you played with it) *
and explain why it was special for you.

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ANSWER:
I remember that when I was young , I was keen on watching the cartoon called “The
many adventures of Winnie the Pooh ”, so much that I kept pestering my father for the
stuffed bear Winnie the Pooh. Finally , my father gave me one as a present for my 6 th
birthday. When I got this toy, I jumped for joy and even paid no attention to my other
presents.
This stuffed bear was, incredibly, identical to the cha racter in the cartoon I had watched. He
also had a short red shirt and was holding a jar of honey which was his favorite food.
Therefore, I felt as if he had come from the movie.
Since then, I considered him my closest friend and I couldn’t go anywhere wi thout him,
even when I went to sleep. Every day, I talked with the bear and told him about my daily
routine. Unfortunately , I lost the bear at an amusement center, which made me cry for
almost a week. At that time , I felt like I had lost a good friend who I could share everything
with.
At present, whenever I watch this cartoon or see any photos of Winnie the Pooh, all the
wonderful memories about him are brought back. Thanks to the bear , I experienced a happy
childhood.

VOCABULARY :
✓ was keen on: [phrasal verb] was eager to/was enthusiastic about
Example: He was keen on fishing when he was a boy, and he still loves to go fishing at
weekends.
✓ pestering: [verb] annoying someone by asking them many times.
Example: In the shop, some children we re pestering their mother to buy ice -cream.
✓ stuffed bear: [noun] a toy in the shape of a bear, made of cloth and filled with soft
material.
Example: Stuffed bears have always been popular as toys for young children.
✓ identical to: [adjective] exactly the same as someone or something else.

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Example: His sports bag is identical to mine, and as a result one day I took his bag by
mistake.
✓ amusement center: [noun] a center which has a lot of things which you can play on
and many different activities to enj oy.
Example: Our city has a huge shopping mall, and it has a fantastic amusement center for
children to play while their parents are shopping.

99. Describe a skill you learned when you were a child.
You should say:
what skill it was
who taught you this skill
how you learned it
and explain why you learned this skill.

ANSWER
Today, I would like to share with you a skill I learned when I was a child. Music is really my kind of
thing , especially the sound of musical instruments. One of tho se that I enjoyed immensely was piano.
I had always been attracted to this sound, therefore, I signed up for a piano course when I was in
grade 5.
My piano teacher was on the wrong side of 30 , but she looked quite young for her age. To be honest, I
didn’t pick up playing the piano very easily, so I had a problem in learning this skill at first.
Fortunately , she was a very experienced and enthusiastic teacher, and she helped to familiarize me
with every single lesson. I definitely found it soothing and inspiring when she taught me how to play
the piano effectively.
Besides taking piano lessons, I also tried my best to learn on my own through the internet, spending a
lot of time searching for online lessons to work on . I did pretty well, and as a result, I had a chance to
join a piano contest that took place at The Opera House in Hanoi. I was really proud of that.
I have discovered that music plays an integral part in my life, getting me through tough situations,
even the hardest days. Sometimes, I think everybody needs to take a little time to wind down and
enjoy ourselves. Playing piano is actually how I usually spend my free time because it is really a good
way for me to relax and refresh my mind.

VOCABULARY
✓ my kind of thing (expression): something that you like or that you are into
Example: Hip hop music is my kind of thing, but I can’t stand country music.
✓ immensely (adv): greatly, especially
Example: She loves Taylor Swift immensely. I think she is her biggest fan.

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✓ to be attracted to (expression) : to really like someone or something
Example: She has been attracted to fashion since she was only two or three years old. She loves to
shop for clothing.
✓ on the wrong side of 30 (expression): to be on the downhill side of a decade, so after 35,
going toward 40, in this case.
Example: My professor must be on the wrong side of 50, but his girlfriend doesn’t care.
✓ pick up (phrasal verb): to learn something
Example: When I was living in France, I picked up French very easily after only a few months.
✓ Fortuna tely (adv): used to say that something good or lucky has happened
Example: Fortunately for him, his mother paid for his plane ticket to New York.
✓ enthusiastic (adj): excited, having a positive and upbeat attitude
Example: He is an enthusiastic swimmer; he swims every day for 2 hours.
✓ familiarize me with (expression): to learn about something new
Example: I need to familiarize myself with this new cell phone that I just purchased yesterday.
✓ definitely (adv): for sure
Example: I definitely do not want to eat pizza again this evening. I have eaten it every night this week.
✓ soothing (adj): relaxing, usually something soft and quiet
Example: She put on some soothing music and took a bath.
✓ inspiring (adj): that which motivates you to do something
Example: The speech that the president gave turned out to be so inspiring that the workers decided to
stop their strike.
✓ to work on (phrasal verb): to do, to practice
Example: I have to work on my English if I want to pass the IELTS exam.
✓ to play an integral part in (something) (expression): to be an important part of something
Example: My husband plays an integral part in running the day -to-day operations of our family
business.
✓ wind down (phrasal verb): to relax, usually after doing something hard
Example: After coming home from work, she had a glass of wine and a bath to wind down.
✓ refresh (verb): to make (someone) have more energy and feel less tired or less hot
Example: When he finishes his workout, he takes a shower to refresh himself before go ing to work.

100. Describe a short trip that you frequently make (or, take) but dislike.
You should say:
where you travel from and to
how often you make this trip
why you make this trip
and explain why you dislike this trip.

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ANSWER
I would like to talk about a short trip that I frequently take but dislike. My family and I have been
living in Hanoi, however, we always make time for visiting my grandparents every other weekend in
our hometown. It is situated in Ninh Binh province, whic h lies about 90 kms from Hanoi.
It normally takes us around 1 hour and a half to get there by car. To be honest, I usually get carsick , so
I do not really enjoy travelling by car on trips outside the city. I mean, it makes me feel very tired and
I have a h eadache throughout the journey, therefore I tend to fall asleep instead of staying awake to
talk.
Despite the fact that carsickness makes it difficult for me to put up with even this short trip, I still try
my best to take time to visit my grandparents with my small family. You know, because we are living
in a big city, we are so caught up in work and study as well, that our lifestyle does not allow us to
have much time to get together too often.
We always make the most of the family get -together, sharing the cooking, having meals and swapping
a lot of stories with each other. What I really enjoy are the beautiful views of the countryside that my
hometown offers . Once you ha ve seen it, I guess, you would keep coming back for more. Although it
is so tough to stop my carsickness, our family ties and the beauty of my small hometown will keep
drawing me back there.

VOCABULARY
✓ every other: [adjective] each alternate, every seco nd.
Example: We have to pay the electricity bill every other month – in January, March, May and so on.
✓ carsick: [adjective] a feeling in your stomach that makes you want to be sick/vomit because
of the movement of a car.
Example: Whenever I try to read a book or newspaper in a car, I start to feel carsick.
✓ staying awake: [expression] not going to sleep.
Example: After studying all night, I found it difficult staying awake during the exam.
✓ carsickness: [noun] the feeling that you are going to be sick when you travel in a car.
Example: We had to stop the car several times during the journey, because I was suffering from
carsickness . I felt better after a short break and a walk for a couple of minutes.
✓ put up with: [phrasal verb] accept someone or something which is annoying or unpleasant,
without complaining.
Example: Although our hotel room was small and uncomfortable, we decided to put up with it for
one night.
✓ caught up in: [phrasal verb] very involved in an activity, so that you do not notice other
things.
Example: I was so caught up in my revision that I forgot to feed the dog.

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✓ get together: [expression] if two or more people get together, they meet each other, having
arranged the meeting before.
Example: Shall we get together for a coffee and a chat on Friday?
✓ make the most of: [expression] use to the best advantage.
Example: I will make the most of my year in Spain to improve my Spanish.
✓ swapping: [verb] giving something and receiving something in exchange.
Example: Swapping e-mails after the holiday, we arranged to keep in contact in future.
✓ offers: [verb] provides the opportunity for something.
Example: The hotel offers excellent facilities for families.
✓ tough: [adjective] difficult.
Example: I will have to study hard, because the exam is really tough.
✓ family ties: [noun] strong connections between members of a family.
Example: Now that my sister has moved to Australia, it is difficult to maintain our old family ties.
✓ drawing me back: [phrasal verb] attracting or encouraging me to return.
Example: My memories of Paris keep drawing me back to visit the city.
X