Ace_The_Ielts

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Ace The IELTS
Essential tips for IELTS General Training Module
© September 2005 By Simone Braverman


All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any
means, or stored in a database or retrieval system without prior permission of the
author. Making copies of any part of this book for any purpose other than your own
personal use is a violation of International Copyright Laws.


Limits of Liability/ Disclaimer of Warranty

The author and publisher of this book and the accompanying materials have used their
best efforts in preparing this program. The author and publisher make no
representation or warranties with respect to accuracy, applicability, fitness or
completeness of this program. They discla im any warranties (expressed or implied),
merchantability or fitness for any particul ar purpose. The author and the publisher
shall in no event be held liable for any loss or other damages, including but not
limited to special, incidental, consequentia l or other damages. As always, advice of
competent professionals should be sought.

This manual contains material protected under International Copyright Laws and
Treaties. Any unauthorized reprint or use of this material is prohibited.



From Author

I am very grateful for all the help and support IPve received from all the members of
my team. I'd like to thank

Vladimir Levitin S for great research
Roman Itskovich and Zvi Braverman S most talented Internet gurus
Nataly Dehter-Vaksman - for excellent legal advice
Eduard and Dina Somin S for superb ideas

Together there is no mountain we canPt climb!

2 Page

Table of Contents

What this book is about ................................................................................................. 4
Attitude tips .................................................................................................................. .4
How to use this book .................................................................................................... 5
The IELTS Routine ..................................................................................................... 6
Listening at a glance ...................................................................................................... 6
Reading at a glance ........................................................................................................ 7
Writing at a glance ......................................................................................................... 7
Speaking at a glance ...................................................................................................... 8
Tips for the Listening Test .......................................................................................... 9
In general ..................................................................................................................... .. 9
Instructions will keep you safe .................................................................................... 10
Divide and concur! ...................................................................................................... 10
Distractions .................................................................................................................. 1 1
Listen for specifics....................................................................................................... 11
Answer as you listen .................................................................................................... 11
Keep moving forward .................................................................................................. 11
Know your clues .......................................................................................................... 12
Spelling tasks ............................................................................................................... 12
Typical Listening tasks ................................................................................................ 13
Eliminate ...................................................................................................................... 14
Gap-fill strategy ........................................................................................................... 14
Watch out for traps ...................................................................................................... 15
Check the grammar ...................................................................................................... 15
Use your time wisely ................................................................................................... 15
Copy answers smartly .................................................................................................. 16
Answering Sheet looks like this: ................................................................................. 17
Practice, practice, practice! .......................................................................................... 17
Tips for the Reading Test .......................................................................................... 18
Test structure ............................................................................................................... 18
Manage your own time ................................................................................................ 18
DonPt read S scan!........................................................................................................ 18
Make a map.................................................................................................................. 19
Learn the rules ............................................................................................................. 19
Types of tasks .............................................................................................................. 20
Go fishing! ................................................................................................................... 2 1
Choose your battles...................................................................................................... 21
Use passage layout....................................................................................................... 21
Find the keywords........................................................................................................ 21
Strategy for the Matching task..................................................................................... 22
Strategy for True/False/Not Given task ....................................................................... 22
Strategy for Multiple-choice task ................................................................................ 22
Strategy for the Gap fills.............................................................................................. 23
Assumptions are the mother of all mess-ups! .............................................................. 24
Practice, practice, practice! .......................................................................................... 24
Tips for the Writing test ............................................................................................ 25

3 Page

First, some general guidelines ..................................................................................... 25
Tips for Writing Task 1 - Letter ............................................................................... 26
Types of letters ............................................................................................................ 26
Complaint .................................................................................................................... 26
Useful phrases.............................................................................................................. 28
Example of Complaint ................................................................................................. 29
Request of information letter ....................................................................................... 30
Example of Request letter............................................................................................ 31
Job application letter .................................................................................................... 32
Example of Job Application ........................................................................................ 33
Personal Letter ............................................................................................................. 34
Example of Personal Letter ......................................................................................... 34
Formal Business letter ................................................................................................. 35
Example of Formal Business letter .............................................................................. 36
Do it right! ................................................................................................................... 37
Practice, practice, practice! .......................................................................................... 38
Complaint letters tasks................................................................................................. 38
Request of Information letter tasks .............................................................................. 39
Job Application letter task ........................................................................................... 40
Personal letters tasks .................................................................................................... 40
Business Letter tasks.................................................................................................... 41
Tips for Writing Task 2 - Essay................................................................................ 42
Structure of essay......................................................................................................... 42
Essay topics S 3 different kinds ................................................................................... 42
Essay of A(rgument) kind........................................................................................... 42
Essay of H(idden Argument ) kind .............................................................................. 43
Essay of S(ituation) kind ............................................................................................. 43
General suggestions ..................................................................................................... 44
Baby Steps through essay ............................................................................................ 44
40 minutes? Not enough! ............................................................................................. 47
Helpful phrases ............................................................................................................ 47
Practice, practice, practice! .......................................................................................... 49
Tips for the Speaking test.......................................................................................... 51
Keep it simple!............................................................................................................. 51
Interview ...................................................................................................................... 52
Possible questions and answers ................................................................................... 52
Speech ......................................................................................................................... .54
Practice, practice, practice ........................................................................................... 55
Discussion .................................................................................................................... 5 6
Have an opinion!.......................................................................................................... 57
What if g? .................................................................................................................. 60
Leave a good impression ............................................................................................. 60
Pocket tips................................................................................................................... 6 1
Essay: ......................................................................................................................... .. 62
Study Plan .................................................................................................................... 6 3

4 Page


What this book is about

This guide is here to teach you the IELTS test, not the English language. Why?
Because even if English is your main language S forget about getting a good score in
IELTS, unless you are prepared for it. Two main problems will get in your way: time,
tricks and logical traps .

When it comes to IELTS, time is your worst enemy . You need to do things fast. Of
course you would get all the answers right if you had the time. But the reality is that
there are a lot questions to be answered, a lot of writing to be done, and a very little
time to do it.

This guide teaches you HOW TO :

x Listen, hear the right answers and write them down FAST

x Scan through the text and deal w ith all kinds of questions FAST

x Get your essay written FAST

x Build a speech in your head on any topic FAST

x Know and avoid the traps when you see them

This book might not give you the perfect English, but it sure will help you to get in
shape and ACE the IELTS!

Attitude tips

In my opinion (which was validated by IELTS scores of the people I trained) you
don't need more than 4 weeks of daily training. Set aside 3 hours that you devote to
practice for IELTS S and it will get you the desired result.

I believe that if you can read and understand this e-book, your English is good
enough. Just stick to the guidelines of this book and they will help you get the best
IELTS score you can with your current level of English. You can even give yourself a
day off once a week, and still be able to ACE the IELTS!

5 Page


How to use this book

The way this manual is built makes it possible for you to read main chapters
(Listening, Reading, Writing or Speaking tips) in any order you like, there is no
dependency between them. You donPt have to follow the order in which the book is
written.

If you donPt have much time, I suggest reading this book and doing only the exercises
that are included in it, no extra work. This is not the ideal way, though.

In case you do have the time, I highly recommend that you read and pay attention to
all the tips in this manual and then try to use them in practice on real IELTS tests.
There are links to IELTS materials in the end of every main chapter and a detailed
study plan in the end of the book.

In the end of the book there are Pocket tips S short summary of most important hints
for all the chapters - Listening, Reading, Writing or Speaking. Read them every time
before you start practicing S they will refresh your memory and focus you on whatPs
really important.

Enjoy!

6 Page

The IELTS Routine

The IELTS test consists of four parts in the following order:

Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking.

Listening takes about 30 minutes - 20 minutes to listen to a tape and to answer
questions on what you hear, and 10 minutes to transfer your answers to Answer Sheet.

Reading takes 1 hour and your task is to read passages of text and answer questions
according to what you have read. There are also other types of assignments which I
will cover later on.

Writing takes also 1 hour and is divided into 2 sub-parts: 20 minutes to write a letter
and 40 minutes to write an essay.

Speaking takes up to 15 minutes and consists of 3 parts: Personal Interview, Little
Speech and a Discussion.

All the parts continue one after another, and only before Speaking you get a little
break.

Listening at a glance

Listening consists of 4 sections. There are a bout 38-40 questions in total. You need to
answer all the questions as you listen to the tape. Tape is not paused at any time and
you hear it only once. The questions get more difficult as you progress through the
test.

Are you scared yet? Don't be! There is a technique to get you through it. A huge relief
is that spelling is not important in Listening, except for the words they spell for you
on the tape. Just make sure that your answers are readable and understandable, when
you copy them to the Answering Sheet. You may write in pencil only .

7 Page


Reading at a glance

Reading consists of 4 text passages and about 40 questions in total. Your job is to read
the passages and either answer questions, label diagrams, complete sentences or fill
gaps. For every type of task there are instructions and example. Passages are taken
from books, newspapers, magazines and the topics are very diverse, from scuba
diving to space exploration. Pa ssages progress in difficulty, with first being the easiest
and fourth the hardest.

Good news is that you don't really have to read the whole passage, thanks to
technique I will refer to later. Not so good ne ws is that there is no additional time to
copy your answers to Answering Sheet and you need to squeeze it in the 60 minutes
that you have. Please, don't forget to do it S I witnessed someone who did, and it was
not a pretty sight. Poor guy was crying, he received score 0 for the whole Reading
test. Here too you may write in pencil only, no pens are allowed.


Writing at a glance

Writing has 2 sub-tasks. First one is to write a letter according to scenario you
receive, using about 150 words. The second task is to write an Essay on given topic,
present and justify opinion or give solution to a problem, using not less than 250
words.

Nothing to worry here! Once youPll start using a certain structure which IPll explain
later on for the letter and the essay in addition to your imagination, it is a piece of
cake. This task requires a bit of training, but after you write a few essays and letters
you will be well-prepared for it and you will feel confident .

8 Page


Speaking at a glance

This is the fun part of the test, for many reasons. You get to rest before it, you are a
little tired from previous 3 parts and therefore more relaxed. The examiners are
trained to smile no matter what, so you feel as if you were speaking to your best
friend.

First sub-part of Speaking test is an interview, which means that the examiner asks
you questions about yourself, your work, studi es, parents, brothers/sisters, pets, etc.
This is an easy task to prepare for.

In the second sub-part of Speaking test you receive a card with 3-4 questions. After
one minute, that you have to think about something to say, you should give a little
speech for one to two minutes, which answers those questions. In the end the
examiner might ask you a couple of additional questions.

In the third sub-part of the test you have a discussion with examiner. The topic is
somehow related to the one from section two, but it is about more abstract ideas. You
have to express and justify an opinion.
The examiner will record your session on tape. Don't worry about it; the tape is to test
the examiner and not you.

9 Page


Tips for the Listening Test

In general

The Listening Test is probably the one people get most scared of. To help yourself
overcome that fear, start watching TV programs in English. It is better than radio or
audio books, because you also see images that help you understand the words you
hear.

Listening N a skill, not a gift!

From my experience, in many cases Listening is the least developed skill. So if you
feel especially weak in that area - pay attention to the following tips, that will help
you improve your Listening ability. Remember S nobody is born with it, itPs just a
skill and you learn it. If you think your Listening needs no improvements S skip the
lTeach yourself the wordsm part, move forward to the next tips.

Teach yourself the words

The only way to improve your Listening ability is to train your learsm to separate and
understand the words you hear in the flow of sentence. Often what you hear is a
Blablablablablam, which you can't to break into words, and for that reason it makes no
sense to you. When training, take a recording of the news, lecture, television program
movie or an actual IELTS Listening test and work with it. I suggest using MP3 player.
You can easily record English from the radio or any other source to it. It is also easy
to repeat (re-play) sentences you didn't unde rstand. MP3 player is small and light, so
you can use it in any spare moment that you have S riding the bus or tram, walking
the dog, taking a walk yourself, etc.

First, listen, remember what you heard and stop the recording after each phrase. Even
if you didnPt understand the phrase, play it in your head a couple of times, like a
broken record S lTonight we have a spec ial guestm, lTonight we have a special
guestm, lTonight we have a special guestm.
Then say it out loud. If you understood that phrase at first, this exercise will improve
your pronunciation. If you didnPt understand the phrase for the first time, this
repetition will give you more time to hear it better, break it into words and make sense
out of them. And if it is still difficult, you can always rewind and hear the phrase
again.

There is a big difference between seeing a word printed on paper while reading and
hearing it. If you saw a word, it doesnPt mean you will recognize it when you hear it.
So every word you have seen, you must hear at list once .

10 Page

Instructions will keep you safe

Every task in IELTS Listening test has its instructions. It may sound stupid, but you
really need to read them carefully. Why? Because they will tell you exactly what to do
with the information: how many words you can use to answer, is there a table you
must fill, is there a list to chose words from, how many items you must name, etc.
And if the answer must be in 3 words S write EXACTLY 3 WORDS, because writing
four or two words will get you 0 score .

To make my point crystal clear, letPs take the following scenario for example:
The speaker on a tape says:
lWell, if you are dieting, try to avoid fruits with lots of fructose like watermelon,
mango, peaches or grapes.m

The question in the booklet is:
lName 2 fruits a person on a diet should not eatm.

The answer may be lwatermelon, mangom or lmango, peachesm or any combination of
two items, but never three or four !!! Anyone who writes ljust in casem S
watermelon, mango, peaches, grapes S receives 0 score for that question.

Note: when counting words S lam or lthem counts as a word.

Divide and concur!

The recording divides questions into groups, so every time you are instructed to
answer a group of 4-5 questions. There ar e 20-30 seconds of silence before each
group.

First thing you should do when the tape starts playing, is understand which group of
questions you need to answer.

For example the tape says: lLook at questions one to fourm. It means that you have
about 20 seconds to look at those questions. Go over questions, read them and
underline keywords . Keywords are words that contain the main idea of the question.
They will help you guess what you will hear S numbers, opening hours, names,
locations, etc.

Draw a line under question four, so you wonPt look further before itPs time.

Then you will hear a piece of passage and answer the questions one to four as you
listen. It means that you should be able to write one answer and listen to another.

11 Page

After that, the tape will say the numbers of questions in the next group. Repeat the
same process, including drawing the line. This dividing technique is very efficient
because every time you concentrate on limited number of questions, so it makes you
more focused and in control.
Distractions

Don't get confused by all the different voices you are going to hear. The recording
uses several different voices S of younger and older people, men and women. You
may also hear different accents - Australian, British, American, Japanese, etc. The
background noise is also varies. It can be of airport, cafe-shop, street, University
lecture hall, you name it. Be ready for it and don't let it distract you S because that is
exactly what they want. Ignore the noises and listen for the answers.
Listen for specifics

When you are listening, look for descriptions and details, such as dates, places,
telephone numbers, opening hours, years (1 995), transportation (car, bike, train)
If you hear them, but donPt know where to place them yet S write them on margins of
the Listening booklet. Later you will have some time to check your answers. Going
over the questions that you couldnPt answer during the Listening passage, you might
see that what youPve written on the margins fits.
Answer as you listen

The reason you have to lanswer as you listenm is that you immediately forget the
sentences after you have heard them S becau se of stress, foreign language, constant
flow of information, etc. After hearing the third sentence you wonPt be able to repeat
the first. It means that when any part of Listening is over S you wonot be able to
remember any of the answers. So write them as you hear them, leave nothing for later.

Keep moving forward

A worst case scenario is you lloosing the sequence of answersm S so you miss one
answer and then you miss another one and so on. To prevent that from happening,
always look one or two questions ahead. It sounds confusing, but after a little practice
becomes very natural and helps a lot. Even if you have missed the answer to a
question S admit it and move to the next one, otherwise you will loose it too.

12 Page

Know your clues

The answer is usually pronounced louder and clearer , it is easier to hear and
understand. If you canPt hear something clear (because the speaker swallows words or
whispers), then probably the answer is not there. With some practice you will be able
to tell the difference.

A good clue to answer is when you hear a repetition of a word, a word being spelled
out (G A R F U N K E L) or a number dictated .


Spelling tasks

As simple as it sounds, the spelling task is not so easy. You should practice a little to
be prepared for it. Just ask someone to spell the names of cities from the following list
for you. If you study alone, you could record yourself spell those names and numbers,
and then play it. The same goes for the list of telephone numbers I include here. It is a
good practice and will only add to your confidence. Note: in numbers "00" sometimes
is read as ldouble om instead of lzero-zerom.

Cities Numbers

Antananarivo 423-5207-0074
Brazzaville 628-2087-2311
Conakry 5167-832-0155
Gaborone 8746-221-0302
Johannesburg 5337-298-0132
Kinshasa 5900-231-7621
Libreville 4348-663-980
Lilongwe 11-267-55410
Mogadiscio 101-9020-7624
Ouagadougou 413-2567-9011
Windhoek 782-6721-0412
Islamabad 479-2001-6792
Rangoon 821-6283-1382
Ascension 492-5241-8921
Vancouver 941-2042-9142
Al Minuya 871-5466-0098
Qandahar 917-5422-3333
Jharkhand 244-1449-2100

13 Page

Typical Listening tasks

Remember my promise S no surprises in IELTS? The following table shows you
every type of task you may see in the Listening test booklet. Different task types come
with different instructions, so if you see and remember them now, it will save you
time later.
Of course, you won't get every type I show he re in your test and the table looks a bit
boring. Anyway, my advice is to get to know them now .
DonPt let them catch you off-guard!

Task Type What do you do Instructions in the
booklet

Picking pictures From 3-4 pictures choose a picture that
best describes what you hear on tape
Circle the appropriate letter
Multiple choice
questions
There is a question and a number of
answers (three, four or five), your job is to
pick the right one (sometimes more than
just one).

Circle the appropriate letter
/Circle the correct answer
Short-answer
question
Answer in 3 words, as the instructions say Complete the notes/table.
Use NO MORE THAN 3
WORDS for each answer
Sentence completion Complete a sentence according to what
you hear
Complete the notes/table.
Use NO MORE THAN 3
WORDS for each answer
Form completion

A form is given and you need to fill in
blank fields
Complete the form. Write
NO MORE THAN 3
WORDS for each answer
Chart/Table
completion

A table with some blank cells is given;
your job is to fill them according to the
passage you hear.

Complete the notes/table.
Use NO MORE THAN 3
WORDS for each answer
True/False/Not Given
task

A statement, which is either True, False or
Not Given in the passage, you need to
decide according to what you hear
Complete the notes/table.
Use NO MORE THAN 3
WORDS for each answer
Gap-fill


There are several sentences with missing
words, you should pick the correct word
and fill it in the gap. Choose from the list
(if there is one), or from what you have
heard.
Complete the notes below
by writing NO MORE
THAN 3 WORDS in the
spaces provided
Diagram labeling Write description in 1 to 3 words for
different parts of a drawing according to
what you hear
Complete/label the
diagram by writing NO
MORE THAN 3 WORDS
in the boxes/spaces
provided

14 Page


Eliminate

When you deal with multiple-choice questions, elimination is a good strategy.
Usually only one answer is correct, unless instructions say something else.
This task is similar to True/False /Not Given. You should decide for every choice of
answer - is it True, False or Not Given in the passage. After you have decided, choose
the one that is True S this is the correct answer. Any other choice, False or Not Given,
is incorrect.
Keep in mind that there are cases when all the choices are correct or none of them is
correct. Read the instruction carefully and you will know what to do in such cases.


Gap-fill strategy

Look at the words around the gap to understand whatPs missing, a noun (like boy, toy,
truck), an adjective (little, pretty, shiny) or a verb (stands, looks, moves).

For instance, if you see Noun before the blank (lThe boy is___m), it means that itPs
Adjective (lThe boy is small m) or itPs Verb (lThe boy is smiling m) is missing.
Once you have picked a word, write it above the gap and then read the whole sentence
to be sure that it makes sense.


"Chameleon" questions

They might use different words with the same meaning to confuse you. It could be
expressions or synonyms.

For example, the tape says lAll the candidates have to fill an application formm and
the question says lThe candidates must fill an applicationm S is it True, False or Not
Given? The correct answer is True because "have to" means "must".

15 Page

Watch out for traps

Trap Number One S unexpected turn

You might hear speaker starting to say one thing and then, suddenly, continuing to
something completely different. This is a trap, so make sure you donPt fall for it. The
rule here is lLast word countsm. For example, if the speaker says lI want to visit that
gallery on Monday. No, wait, IPve just remembered that it is closed on Monday, so I
will go on Wednesday.m, and the question is lwhenm S the correct answer here is
Wednesday, and Monday is a trap.


Trap Number Two S generalizations

You might hear speaker first gives a list of things and then says them all in one word .
For example: lWell, I like to swim, hike, and camp S to be involved in outdoor
activities.m If the question is lWhat kind of activitiesgm the correct answer is
loutdoorm and not lswimmingm, lhikingm or lcampingm.


Trap Number Three S explicit answer choices

Explicit answers choices can be (and mostly will be) traps. The following example
demonstrates what I mean:
The tape says: lThis course is a must for all first year students, excluding foreign
studentsm.
The Question is l All the first year students have to take this coursem,
The Answer should be F(alse), because there is an exception S foreign students.
All the explicit answers that mean lno exceptionsm are suspicious to us and call for
more attention.

Check the grammar

If the answer you give is grammatically incorrect S it can not be the right one.
Checking the grammar of your answers will give you an idea whether your answer
correct or not, especially in tasks like:
x Gap-fill
x Sentence completion

Use your time wisely

During the test, you have a little time between passages. Use it to check and complete
your answers

16 Page


Copy answers smartly

After 20 minutes of Listening test, there are 10 additional minutes. During the test you
have written all of the answers in the Listening test booklet. These 10 minutes are
given you to copy your answers to the Answering sheet, and you should use them
smartly .

The Answer Sheet has 2 sides, one for Reading test and one for Listening test, so
make sure you are writing on the Listening side. I include here an example of
Answering Sheet so you could get familiar with it and use it for practicing.
First, copy all the answers from the booklet to the Answering Sheet, and pay attention
to the following guidelines (as simple as they sound S they are BIG time savers):

x For multiple-choice questions and picking pictures - just copy the letter of
correct answer, don't circle it.

x For sentence completion S just copy your answer, not the whole sentence.

x For True/False/Not given question S just copy T, F or NG, whatever your
choice is.

x For gap-fills S just copy the word you have chosen for the gap.

x For answers written in short (like prof. advise) S write the full version
(professional advise).

x Check that all the answers ar e clear and understandable.

Now, if you missed some questions S it is a good time to guess.

17 Page

Answering Sheet looks like this:


For those of you who wonder why all the answers have to consist of maximum 3
words S here is the answer: there is not enough space on the Answer Sheet for
anything longer than that!

Practice, practice, practice!

I strongly recommend that you use all the ti ps while practicing. In order to practice
you are going to need samples of Listening test, which can be found on the following
internet sites (good quality, free of charge):

http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/IELTS/ - take it online, or print the booklet
http://www.esl-lab.com/ - for this one you will need Real Audio Player
http://www.international.holmesglen.vic.edu.au - download the sample, print booklet
http://esl.about.com/cs/toefl/a/a_ielts_2.htm

Play the Listening samples and start using the tips while searching for answers. This
is the only way to really understand how these tips work. You may have to play the
same Listening file more than once, to practice in different techniques.

1 22
2 23
3 24
4 25
5 26
6 27
7 28
8 29
9 30
10 31
11 32
12 33
13 34
14 35
15 36
16 37
17 38
18 39
19 40
20 41
21 42

18 Page

Tips for the Reading Test
Test structure

The structure of Academic and General Trai ning Reading tests is different. Academic
Reading on most cases consists of 3 large texts from newspapers or magazines. In
General Training there are several smaller passages that are taken from
advertisements, official documents, booklets, manuals and 2 or 3 larger texts taken
from books, magazines or newspapers.

Like in the Listening test, questions in the Reading test are given in groups.
Instructions will tell you which group of questions belongs to which paragraph or
portion of text. You may see the questions before or after the passage they belong to.

Manage your own time

As I said before, time is your greatest enemy. In the Listening test it was managed
for you , but not in the Reading test. So manage it very carefully yourself.
When you receive the Reading booklet, first of all count how many passages are
there. LetPs say there are 4 passages in the booklet. It means that you have 15 minutes
for each passage. Write the time when you should start and when you should end
working on each passage and stick to it. Use 13 minutes to actually answer the
questions (write the answers on the booklet pa ges) and 2 to copy your answers to the
Answer Sheet. If you didnPt finish a passage on time, move to the next one anyway.
And whatever you do, please do not forget about the Answering Sheet (remember the
guy with the ZERO score?)

If you have some time left in the end of Reading test, make sure that you didnPt forget
to answer any question, check and double check your answers. It can add you a few
leasym points if you find mistakes before the examiner does -.
Don]t read N scan!

It sounds absurd that you donPt need to read on a Reading test, right?
Anyway, itPs true. The biggest mistake you could make is to start the test by reading
the whole passage.
The best thing is to scan quickly through the text. Don't try to understand every word!
Just go over it and get the idea of what each paragraph is about. Usually you don't
need to read the whole paragraph S a couple of first sentences are enough.

19 Page

Make a map

The text before you is like a new strange territory, it is easy to get lost inside all these
words. What you need is a map that will help you to orientate. Every paragraph in the
passage has its own main idea, different from all other paragraphs. Write on the
margins near the paragraph what is its topic, main idea. If writing takes too much
time, underline the words in the paragraph that explain its main idea. Congratulations!
You have just created a map that later will guide you through the search for answers.
Learn the rules

First, read instruction and example. They show you exactly how your answer should
look like S is it a number or a name, how many words you must write, etc. The
following points are important because they may affect your score.

1. Style
When filling the answers, copy example]s style . For demonstration look at the
following table:

USA Canada Sweden
Divorces rate Example 1 : 55%
Marriage Example 2 : first

Example 1
If the example says l55%m, give your answer in this exact form, a number and %.
Any other form or style (like l55m or l55 percentm or lfifty five percentm) may
harm your score!

Example 2
If the example says lfirstm, answering in any other form or style (like l1stm, l1m or
lfirst marriagem) may harm your score.

2. Words Limit
Usually if there is a word limit for answer, it is no more than 3 words.
Prepositions (in, of, to, at, etc) and arti cles (a, an, the) do count for a word. The
reason behind this 3 word limit is small space on the Answer Sheet.

3. One question N one answer
DonPt give more than one answer to one question, even if you see more than one
option. It will result in ZERO score. For example, if you see in a passage names of
3 countries that qualify as an answer a nd the question asks to name just one S
donPt even think of giving 2 or 3 names, the only correct answer is to name
exactly one. Only if they ask for two names, you should name two, etc.

20 Page

Types of tasks

The kinds of tasks you may have to deal with are in the table below. Tasks of different
types come with different instructions. It is important for you to see them all now, so
nothing will surprise you during your IELTS test . It will also save your time, if you
will know in advance what you need to do in every type of task. This way during the
test you will only read the instructions to confirm what you already know.

Task Type What do you do Instructions in the booklet

Matching There is a list of headings, your job is to
choose most suitable heading for every
paragraph of the text.
Choose the most suitable heading
for each paragraph from the list of
headings below.
Multiple choice
question
There is a question and a number of
answers (three, four or five), your job is to
pick the right one (sometimes more than
just one).

Choose the appropriate letter.
Short-answer question Answer in 3 words, as the instructions say Using NO MORE THAN THREE
WORDS answer the following
questions.
Sentence completion Complete a sentence according to what
you hear
Complete the sentences below
with words taken from the reading
passage. Use NO MORE THAN
THREE WORDS for each answer.
Chart/Table completion A table with some blank cells is given;
your job is to fill them according to the
passage you hear.

Complete the table/chart below
using information from the
Reading Passage.
Use NO MORE THAN THREE
WORDS for each answer.
True/False/Not Given
task

There is a statement, which can be True,
False or Not Given in the passage; you
need to decide according to what you
read.
Read the passage and look at the
statements below. Write TRUE if
the statement is true, FALSE if the
statement is false and Not Given if
the information is not given in the
passage.
Gap-fill There are several sentences with missing
words, you should pick the correct word
and fill it in the gap. Choose from the list
(if there is one), or from the text.
Complete the summary below.
(Chose your answers from the box
at the bottom of the page)
Diagram labeling

Write description in 1 to 3 words for
different parts of a drawing according to
what you read.
Label the diagram below. Choose
Use NO MORE THAN THREE
WORDS from passage for each
answer.

21 Page

Go fishing!

Now it is time to start lfishingm for answers. Read question one-by-one, for every
question see what its theme is. Then find it (or some thing close to it) on your map -
that is the paragraph to search for the answer.
Choose your battles

If any question takes you too much time S give up, move to the next one. Don't forget
to mark it with some sign (like "?"), so you could identify and come back to it later.
There are a lot of questions and you might miss the easy ones if the hard ones take all
of your time. Another reason to leave hard questions for last is that after you do all the
easy ones, you know more about the text, so then solving the tricky questions might
become easier.

Use passage layout

Every text and every paragraph in it has a certain structure, meaning it is written
according to some rules.

Usually first paragraph contains the main idea of the passage and the authorPs opinion.
Last paragraph often summarizes the main points of the passage.

Every paragraph has its structure that is simi lar to the structure of whole text. It has
introduction, body and conclusion. The main idea is usually can be found in the
introduction. It means that if you want to understand quickly what paragraph is about,
it is enough to read only its introduction.
Find the keywords

Keywords are the main words in the question; they contain the most important
information. For instance, in a question like lEmployers are likely to employ
graduates, whogm there are 3 keywords : employers, employ and graduates.

Identify keywords in each question and look for them in the text S the answer will be
near. DonPt stop after finding just one, conti nue to scan through the text S there might
be more .

22 Page

Strategy for the Matching task

First, read instructions and example. If instructions say that a heading can not be used
more than once S cross the heading used in example out of the list. This way you
wonPt try to use it again by mistake (and believe me, it's a very common mistake!).

Second, return to the map you prepared. Go over the text, look on your map what it
says about the idea of first paragraph. Go to the list of headings and choose heading
that has the most similar meaning to idea on your map, write its number on the
margins of the first paragraph. Now continue and do the same for the second
paragraph, and so on.

If some paragraphs are hard to match S leave them alone, keep moving forward.
Come back to them later.

When finished matching - check your answers carefully, because they can influence
each other. Don't forget to copy answers to the Answer Sheet.

Strategy for True/False/Not Given task

To simplify it for you, if the statement clearly appears in text - it is True. If the text
clearly says the opposite of statement S it is False, if you didn't find statement to be
either TRUE or FALSE S it is Not Given.
The best advice here is not to over think it. Otherwise what happen is that you start
building logical sequences that take you to the wrong direction.

Strategy for Multiple-choice task

Here too True/False/Not Given technique is a big help. The difference is that you
need to use it on each answer choice. For every possible answer you need to decide, if
it is True, False or Not Given in the text. Finally, answers you have marked as False
or Not Given are incorrect, and the ones you marked as True are correct.
Remember: it is True only when passage says exactly the same thing, it is False when
passage says exactly the opposite and it is Not Given in any other case.
Keep in mind that there are cases when all the choices are correct or none of them is
correct. Read the instruction carefully and you will know what to do in such cases.

23 Page

Strategy for the Gap fills

First of all try to understand what the main idea of the first sentence is. Then find it on
your map S this should take you to the paragraph that "hides" the answer.

Now, when you know where to look, you need to know what to look for. Look
around the gap to understand whatPs missing, a noun (like boy, toy, truck), an
adjective (little, pretty, shiny) or a verb (stands, looks, moves).

For example, what is missing here: lShe ____ around and saw him in the cornerm?

You have 4 choices: happy, man, looked, smiled. It is clear that you need a verb here,
but which one, llookedm or lsmiledm? Now it is time to start reading the text.
Find where example answer is and start ther e. Remember to read only first, second
and last sentence. Of course, llookedm is the right word!

Sometimes there are words near gap that will give you a clue what kind of word is
missing. For example, lMain physical activities in the summer camp are fishing,
________ and swimming. Naturally, you will look for words that end with lingm to
fill for the gap S like lhikingm.

There are 2 types of gap-fills:

1) There is a list of words for you to choose from
2) There is no list , you need to choose words from text

When you choose a word from the list and the instructions say that every word is to
be used once only, write it above the gap and cross it out from the list. If there is more
than one possible answer S write them all and then decide which one is better.

If they donPt give you a list, try to pick a word from text. It is better then "inventing"
it, because it saves time and your chances of being right are higher.

After you have decided about the word that goes into gap, read the whole sentence
again. It must make sense according to the text, and it must be grammatically correct.

When you move forward to the second gap, keep in mind that usually there are no
more than 2 gaps per paragraph. It means that if you have found answer to the first
gap in paragraph 1, the answer to the second gap will be in the paragraph 2 and so on.

24 Page

Assumptions are the mother of all mess-ups!

DonPt assume you know the answer, search for it in the passage. When answering the
questions, you must stick to the facts as they are written in the paragraph. Forget all
about your personal knowledge and experience! Relying on your own knowledge is
the most natural thing for you, so sometimes they use it in IELTS to trick you into
making a choice of answer according to what you know or believe and not according
to the passage.

Practice, practice, practice!

Reading the text in the way I described in this chapter must become your second
nature. The only way to make it happen is to practice in using my tips while doing the
Reading test.

When practicing, finish the reading test and then check your answers according to
answer key. Pay attention to those you've got wrong , not those you've got right S
understand why didn't you do them right and try to remember, so that mistake won't
come back.

Practice with a clock and copy your answers to the Answer Sheet. You may use the
one from the chapter on Listening test; it is similar to Reading test Answer Sheet.

In order to practice, use not only the General Training module tests, but also
Academic module reading. This advice has 2 main reasons behind it S there are more
Academic texts available to practice on than General Training, and it is a proven
strategy to get your score higher, because while hoping for the best you are preparing
for the worst. Academic reading is much more difficult than General training, and if
you are ready for Academic S General will be a piece of cake for you.

Generally, you need to buy texts to practice on, but I have managed to find a few
sources of free tests and recommend them to you.

http://www.gday.ru/ielts/reading/generalreading/
http://www.gday.ru/ielts/reading/academicreading/
http://www.ielts.org/_lib/pdf/1969_IELTSappForm05.pdf
http://www.onestopenglish.com/Exams/pdfs/uffizi_reading.pdf
http://www.selfaccess.com/www/sa/sa/htm/sa_samples.php
http://education.kulichki .net/lang/ieread.html
http://international.holmesglen.vic.edu.au/ie_read.htm
http://www.ieltshelpnow.com/sample_tutorials.html
http://www.examenglish.com/IELTS_reading.htm

http://9ielts.topcities.com ,
http://www.aippg.net/forum/ ,

25 Page

Tips for the Writing test

As you remember, in Writing test of Ge neral Training Module there are 2 tasks:

Writing Task 1 - to write a letter.
Writing Task 2 - to write an essay.

Writing a letter must not take you more than 20 minutes, so there will be 40 minutes
left for the essay. Usually, not all of us are good in writing letters, not to say essays,
forget in English! Well, SURPRISE S there is a technique to it, making writing so
simple, a monkey could do it. So letPs get down to business.
First, some general guidelines

You will receive two Answering Sheets to write on S one for the Writing Task 1,
meaning letter, and one for Writing Task 2, meaning essay. Keep your writing neat,
clean and nice-looking. Leave blank line between paragraphs and donPt write on
margins of the Answering Sheet. DonPt make a mess even if you have made a mistake
S just cross it out once.

If there are instructions that say that you need to write about a number of things (letPs
say A, B, C) S do it, write about every one of them. It is important for your score. You
need to show the examiner that you read and understood the instructions; otherwise he
might think that you didn't.
Here is an example of such instructions:
x Describe the situation
x Explain your problem
x Suggest solution

One of the most typical mistakes is to copy task instructions. It is absolutely
forbidden, wastes precious time and people lose points for it. You can use what is
written in task instructions only if you write the same in other words.

Length is very important. So if you can not reach the words limit (150 for letter, 250
for essay), try to be closer to it.

These simple rules apply to both letter and essay. Stick to them, and your work will
leave good impression on the examiner.

26 Page

Tips for Writing Task 1 - Letter

Types of letters

Test may ask you to write only one of 4 types of letters:

x Complaint / Request (of information) letter

x Job application letter

x Personal letter

x Formal business letter

There are rules how to write a letter of each type. When a letter is graded by IELTS
examiners, its structure, vocabulary and fluency of language are equally important. So
I will show here a model for every one of the letter types together with phrases and
forms of speech, and the only thing you need to do is to insert your specific topic
information in it. I also supply you with examples to demonstrate what your letter
should look like.

Complaint

This is a letter you write to complain about something. It could be something you
have purchased or a bad service that you have received, or an accident that happened
to you. You must describe it and demand appropriate actions from relevant people.

There are 4 paragraphs in this type of letter. They should look like this:

1. Start with lDear Sir/Madam,l (or write personPs name if it was given in task
instructions )
Explain shortly (in one or two sentences) what you are complaining about.
lI am writing to express my dissatisfaction with the tape recorder that I
purchased in your store.m

2. Explain in more details

a) What happened, what the problem is.
lI purchased a tape recorder in your store on 12/3/2005, just 3 days
ago. After a few times that I used it, the lPlaym button broke offm.

27 Page


b) What are you unhappy about.
lI was very surprised to see the new improved model with 2 years of
warranty breaking so soon and for no reason at all.m

c) What did you do to resolve the situation.
lI contacted your store immediately in order to return the tape recorder
and spoke to the shift manager. He refused to replace the tape recorder
and suggested that I had it repaired.m

d) How do you feel about the problem.
lYou can imagine how receiving this offer upset me.m

This paragraph should be the longest in the whole letter. You can even
divide it into several parts.

3. Write what you would like them to do, and what will you do if they donPt give
you what you want.
lI insist that you replace the damaged tape recorder and send me a new one.
Otherwise I will be forced to stop my payments to your storem.

4. Write formal ending for the letter, your name and sign.
lI look forward to hearing from you.m
If you know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours sincerely ,
Mr. Smithm
If you don]t know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours faithfully ,
Mr. Smithm

28 Page


Useful phrases

The following phrases will make your letter look good. In case it is hard for you to
remember all of them, choose just one for each paragraph, memorize it and use for all
the letters of this type.

For Paragraph 1

x lI am writing to complain aboutgm
x lI am writing in regard togm
x lThe reason I am writing to you is (a problem withg)m
x lI am writing to express my concern about/dissatisfaction withgm
x lI would like to bring the matter of g to your attention.m
x lI would like to draw your attention to gm

For paragraph 2

x lI was supposed to receive g Unfortunately, that never happened.m
x lYou can imagine how unhappy I was to discover gm
x lI regret to inform you that your service was below my expectations.m
x lWhen I tried to contact you by phone, no one could offer me any sensible
answer.m
x lI contacted your representative in g. Unfortunately, he denied me the service
that I requested.m


For paragraph 3

x lThe ideal solution would be g l
x lI hope you can settle this matter by g(doing something)m
x lI insist on getting a refund of gm
x lPlease look into this matter as soon as possible.m
x lI believe this matter deserv es your urgent attention.m

29 Page

Example of Complaint

This example demonstrates what a good letter of complaint should look like. There
are notes on the margins, which indicate paragraphs numbers as explained on pages
26-27. You donPt need to write them in your own letter. It is enough to just leave
blank line between the paragraphs


Dear Sir/Madam,

The reason I am writing to you is poor quality of a food processor, which I bought in
your store two weeks ago. After only two times it was in use, problems started to
appear.

The first malfunction that I noticed was safety lock that demanded applying of great
force. My wife had to ask me for help, because she wasnPt strong enough to push the
safety lock through. We discovered another problem when tried to use the blender. I
put some ice-cream and milk in the blender and pushed the lStartm button. It started
working but suddenly got stuck and we were unable to use it since. I was very
surprised to discover that much problems in a quite expensive model.

Naturally, I returned the blender to you to be replaced with a new one. Your assistant
said that I would have to wait only a week. After two weeks the food processor had
still not arrived. Finally, four weeks later, I was contacted by your representative.
Imagine my feelings when I learned from him that I can not receive the same model
of food processor as I bought. As a solution he offered that I upgrade my model to a
better one and this too will take two weeks.

I am very disappointed with both the equipment and the service have I received.
Therefore I expect a full refund of 180$ as soon as possible.

Yours faithfully,
Mr. Smith.


2a
1
2b
2c
2d
3
4

30 Page


Request of information letter

This is a letter you write to ask a person for information. For example, you may need
to receive the trainsP timetable, or list of books on certain topic from a library or an
itinerary for a trip you have booked to Africa.

There are 3 paragraphs in this type of letter. They should look like this:

1. Start with lDear Sir/Madam,l (or write personPs name if it was given in task
instructions)
Explain shortly (in one or two sentences) what kind of information you are
interested in.
lI am writing to ask for information about membership in the Shape sports
club.m

2. Explain in more details who you are, exactly what information you need, why,
when and in what form do you need it S a letter, a fax, an e-mail, a phone-call,
etc. This should be the biggest paragraph of the whole letter.

3. Write formal ending for the letter, your name and sign.
lI look forward to hearing from you.m
If you know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours sincerely ,
Mr. Smithm
If you don]t know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours faithfully ,
Mr. Smithm

31 Page


Example of Request letter

This example demonstrates what a good letter of request for information should look
like. There are notes on the margins, which indicate paragraphs numbers as explained
on pages 30. You donPt need to write them in your own letter. It is enough to just
leave blank line between the paragraphs



Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to ask for complete itinerary of a trip to Africa that I booked with
your company.

The trip I refer to starts on August 12, 2005. I am supposed to leave with a group
of 16 people. The information I would like to obtain should include the following:
1) Names and phone numbers of other people in my group
2) Airline names, flight numbers, departure and arrival times.
3) Names and locations of hotels that you have booked for me, and on what
bases, bed and breakfast, half board or full board.
4) A list of optional day trips that are available and their prices.
5) A list of local doctors I can contact in case of emergency.
6) A contact number for your company representative in Africa.
7) A receipt for the payment I have made on July 28, 2005.

You could send the above-mentioned information to my e-mail or a fax. I would
like to receive it as soon as possible but not later then a week before my flight.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully,
Mr. Smith

1
2
3

32 Page


Job application letter

This is a letter you write to apply for a certain position that is vacant. In the real life
you would attach your resume to it. Of course, you donPt have to do it for IELTS,
writing the letter is enough.

There are 4 paragraphs in this type of letter. They should look like this:

1. Start with lDear Sir/Madam,l (or write personPs name if it was given in task
instructions)
Write what position are you applying to, and where it was advertised.
lI would like to apply for the position of secretary advertised in oHerald
TribuneP of April 15 th 2005.m

2. Write about your skills, diplomas and experience.
lI am a Software Engineer with more then ten years of experience in gm
lI graduated in Some Study Course from Famous University, 1996m
lAt present I am employed as a g by company gm
lI am familiar withgm
lMy skills include working with g, performing g, managinggm
lIn course of my present job I have been responsible for the planning and
organization of gm
lI am used to working at a fast pace to meet deadlinesm.
As in previous types of letters, this paragraph should be the lfattestm in the
whole letter.

3. Explain, why you are interested in this job, express your motivation to
contribute. Ask to schedule an interview as soon as possible.
lI would like to apply my skills in your company.m
lI believe the position you offer will give me opportunity to...m
lIf you find my skills and experience su itable, please cont act me to schedule
an interview.m
lI am looking forward to discussing my credentials with you personally.m

4. Thank the person.
lThank you for your time and consideration.m
If you know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours sincerely,
Mr. Smithm
If you donPt know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours faithfully,
Mr. Smithm

33 Page


Example of Job Application


Dear Sir/Madam,

I would like to apply for the position of flight attendant, advertised in lThe Wingsm
issue of October 2005.

As you can see from my CV, I am a flight attendant with 5 years of experience.
I had a one-year apprenticeship with United Airways, and the following 3 years I
worked for Sky-High Airlines. The last year I was working for Ai rComfort Airlines,
providing customer service to first class passengers.
I have a pleasant personality and good communication skills. I am familiar with
service and emergency instructions, and used to working unsupervised. My
experience includes administering first aid to ill passengers and dealing with unusual
incidents. I am available to work weekends, holydays and overtime.

If you find my skills and experience suitable, please contact me to schedule an
interview. I am looking forward to discussing my credentials with you personally.

Thanks you for your time and consideration.

Yours faithfully,
S. Holts




1
2
3
4

34 Page


Personal Letter

Personal letter is usually written to a friend or a relative. It doesnPt have many strict
rules. I have a couple of suggestions that will make your life easier:

1. Start with something like lDear Linda,m or lMy dearest Charlie,m
Then apologize that you forgot to write.
lI am sorry I havenPt written for so long.m
Next, write the purpose of your letter
lI am writing to thank/tell/ask/apologize/wishgm

2. Start writing on a topic from paragraph 1. Once again, this paragraph must be
the biggest one. If possible, try to write 2 paragraphs (2a and 2b).

3. Sign : lWith best wishes, Kathym
lYours, Lousem
lWith love and many thanks from me, Dianam


Example of Personal Letter


Dear Sarah,

I am sorry I havenPt written for so long. My work keeps me so busy, that I never
have a minute to myself. I am writing to invite you to my wedding.

Since you have never met my future husband, you must have a million questions
running through your mind right now. I hope I can tell you enough to put your
mind at ease until we meet. Five months ago I decided to take a cruise to
Bahamas, to get away for a little while. And on that cruise Faith arraigned for me
to meet my future husband Alan. He is the most wonderful, loving person you
could ever imagine and we are very happy together.

The wedding will take place at my parentsP mansion. The date is October 17, at 7
oPclock. I am so looking forward to introducing you to Alan, and he canPt wait to
meet you too. I told him all about you and our friendship.

With love,
Amy.

1
2a
2b
3

35 Page

Formal Business letter

Any letter other than Complaint, Request, Job application, or Personal is a Business
letter. It could be an explanation you write to a library about the books that were
never returned, or a letter to Car Rental Company, describing the road accident you
were involved in.

There are 4 paragraphs in this type of letter. They should look like this:

1. Start with lDear Sir/Madam,l (or write personPs name if it was given in task
instructions)
Explain shortly (in one or two sentences) who you are and/or what are you
writing about.
lI am writing in regard to books I borrowed from the library on March 15,
2005 and never returnedm.

2. Explain in more details the purpose of your letter. Consider the idea that task
instructions give you, write according to it. Make up interesting details in
addition to the original idea. This should be the biggest paragraph of the whole
letter.

3. Say what kind of answer you expect or what suggestions do you have for the
situation. It is also a good place to apologize, if applicable.

4. Write formal ending for the letter, your name and sign.
lI look forward to hearing from you.m
If you know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours sincerely ,
Mr. Smithm
If you don]t know the name of person you are writing to, sign
lYours faithfully ,
Mr. Smithm

36 Page


Example of Formal Business letter



Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to apologize about keeping books that I borrowed from the college
library 3 days ago longer than it is acceptable.

I have found myself in this unpleasant situation for a reason. My close relative
was very sick and I had to go visit him at the hospital. I intended to return the
books immediately after I get back to the college, but unfortunately I left the
books on a train on my way from the hospital to the library. It will take me about
two days to get tem back from lLost and Foundm department at the train station.

I understand that other students may need those books and deeply apologize for
the inconvenience. I will try to return the books as soon as possible. Please donPt
revoke my library privileges, I promise that it will never happen again.

Faithfully yours,
John Smith.


1
2
3
4

37 Page

Do it right!

Now, when you know what a letter should look like, itPs time you learn the technique
how to write it fast . It works for absolutely any kind of letter. After writing a couple
of letters you will realize, that writing down a 150 words alone takes you 15 minutes,
plus you have to think of a story to tell in your letter, to make it interesting.

So this is how you do it:

1. When you get the writing assignment, first look and understand what kind of
letter do you need to write: complaint/ request, business, job application or
personal.

2. Read the assignment and write down on the draft paper 3 first things that come
to your mind. Those ideas must refer to the topic directly. If there are a
number of things you need to write about, refer to every one of them. Make
things up, be creative, it doesnPt have to be the absolute truth. Stop right there,
no more thinking!

3. Start writing. First paragraph requires no thinking S write 1-2 sentences that
explain the topic of your letter.

4. Remember the 3 things you made up? Use them while you are writing
paragraph two. Make it the largest paragraph because it is your only chance to
get 150 words in the letter.

5. When paragraph two is done, paragraph three and four (if applicable) are a
piece of cake, because they generally are based on paragraph two.

6. After you have finished writing, read the letter once again and check for
spelling and punctuation errors.

38 Page

Practice, practice, practice!

I believe that practicing in writing is a must. Use the following topics to practice in
writing letters as much as you can. They wi ll also help you understand better how to
classify the letter tasks S to know what kind of letter you need to write.


Complaint letters tasks


Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You have bought a mobile phone in a tax-free shop just a few days ago,
and it doesnPt work properly.
Task: Write a letter to the manager to complain about it and ask him to
solve the problem.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,


Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You rented a car from Car Rental Company. The air conditioner has
stopped working. You phoned the compan y a week ago but it has still not
been repaired.
Write a letter to the company. In your letter
x introduce yourself
x explain the situation
x say what action you would li ke the company to take

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

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Request of Information letter tasks


Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You are a student who wants to a pply to Green Pines College. You are
experiencing financial pr oblems at the moment.
Task: Write a letter to the Principa l of the College, explaining your
situation and ask for information on scholarships or other means of
financial help available.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,


Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You would like to participate in a work-related seminar in another
country.
Task: Write a letter to the person in charge of the seminar and ask for
detailed information regarding the dates, program, accommodations and
cost.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

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Job Application letter task

Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You want to apply for the following jo b. Write a letter to Mrs. Keller
describing your previous experience and explaining why you would be
suitable for the job.

Advertisement: Housekeepe r required for private home. Experience is
necessary. Contact Mrs. D. Keller.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Personal letters tasks

Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You stayed at your friendsP house wh en you participated in a business
seminar in Australia. You left a file with important doc uments in your
room.
Task: Write a letter to your friend, de scribing the file a nd ask him/her to
return it to you by post.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You migrated to another country.
Task: Write a letter to your friend to describe your present life and tell
him/her why you choose this country.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

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Business Letter tasks

Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You successfully passed a job intervi ew. You are expected to start on
November 15, but you will not be available on that date.
Task: Write a letter to your new bos s, explaining your situation,
expressing your concern and suggesting solution.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,


Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You are a gift shop keeper.
Task: Write a letter to your supplier, to let him know that you wonPt need
the merchandise you have ordered. Explain your situation and suggest
solution.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,


Topic 3

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You are a secretary, pla nning a corporate event.
Task: Write a letter to Entertainment Company explaining what kind of
party you would like it to be, indicate date and time of event and your
special requests.

You do not need to write your address.
Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

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Tips for Writing Task 2 - Essay

You donPt have to be a writer to write a good essay. This task may look even harder
than the letter, but it is only a first impression. Just follow the rules, keep the right
structure, use some lsmartm words and practice a little. This way you can easily reach
a level, where no matter what topic they give you, after 40 minutes you turn a
beautiful 2 pages long essay and walk out of the room with a huge smile on your face.

Structure of essay

Every essay should have this exact structure: introduction , body and conclusion .
It is very important because your grade is affected by it. Introduction usually takes
one paragraph, body S two or three paragr aphs and conclusion S one paragraph.

Essay topics N 3 different kinds

There are only 3 kinds of essay topics in IELTS, letPs call them A, H, S .

Topics l Ae present an Argument and you need to explore pros and cons, reasons for
and against, while you support only one side.

Topics l He present a Hidden argument . These topics usually ask lTo what extent
g?m, lIn what wayg?m, lHow has something changeg?m.

Topics l Se present a Situation and you need to explore reasons why it is what it is,
assume what will happen in the future and suggest solutions to problems, if required.

The following examples demonstrate the difference betwee n topics of A, H or S kind:

A: lModern society benefits greatly from computer technology. However, becoming
more dependent on computer has its disadv antages. Discuss threats of computers.m
Here the 2 sides of argument are the adva ntages and disadvantages of computers.

H: lTo what extent should television par ticipate in our childrenPs education?m
What they really ask here is whether the television should educate the children or not.

S: lDue to change of womenPs role in modern society, men are now the ones suffering
from sexual discrimination. Do you agree?m
Here you can see the description of situation and you have to write what you think
about it.
Essay of A(rgument) kind

1. Introduction paragraph must clearly state the argument, both sides of it.

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Do not simply copy the topic from instruction, write it in other words.
DonPt give your opinion, save it for later.

2. Body paragraphs (at least 2) must refer to each side of the argument. Write
first paragraph about the side you disagree with. The side you do agree with
should be in the last body paragraph, because this way it naturally leads to
conclusion.

3. Conclusion paragraph should contain summary of the points you were
making. Never mind if the paragraph turns out to be short, the important thing
is that you kept the structure of the essay.

Essay of H(idden Argument ) kind

1. Introduction paragraph must define the question. You need to reveal the
hidden argument. Rewrite the topic, so it will say what it really means:
from lto what extent something affectsg?m to lDoes something affectg?m
from lin what way something contributes?m to ldoes something contribute?m
from lhow does something influenceg?m to mdoes something influence g?
Now it became an argument with two sides, and you write essay of kind l Ae .

Essay of S(ituation) kind

1. Introduction paragraph must state the situation and explain it. DonPt give
your opinion here.

2. Body paragraphs (at least 2) should describe reasons that lead to the situation,
making it like it is now. Each paragraph should talk about one reason.

3. Conclusion paragraph should summarize the points of the essay. If the task
requires suggesting solution to problems, recommendations, advice - this is the
place for it. If your opinion is required S you should also give it in conclusion
paragraph.

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General suggestions

x Write on given topic directly, donPt slide to another theme.

x Write in general, not about your personal experiences, but what is going on
in the world.

x Read task instructions and write about every little thing that is requested.
If the task requires suggesting solution S do it.
DonPt forget to give recommendations or advice, if requested.

Baby Steps through essay

After you have read all that, you still have no idea how to start writing.
So letPs do it together:

First

Read and classify the question. You need to decide what kind of topic you have got,
an A, H or S. It will affect the way you plan an essay.

Example:

CHome schooling belongs to the past and is unacceptable in the modern society.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Use your own knowledge and experience and support your arguments with
examples and relevant evidenceK

We can clearly see a hidden argument here. By revealing the real meaning of the
topic we get lIs home schooling acceptable in modern society?m. This way it
becomes an lAm topic, an argument with 2 sides S for and against home education.

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Second

Here you need to come up with ideas, thoughts and opinions on the given topic. The
best way to do it is to think of some main ideas and then to write everything you can
think of regarding those ideas. In case you are working on essay of lAm or lHm kind,
these ideas are opposite sides of the argume nt .If you are working on essay of kind
lSm S it is the reasons for the situation to be what it is.

Example:

LetPs say that after some thinking you came up with the following ideas, and your
opinion is against the education at home.

For: Against :

parents know their children no scientific approach (like associative learning)

learning is more enjoyable not every parent is capable

children feel safe parents forgot the material

Now you should think what goes where in your essay. On the same draft paper you
have written the ideas, group them and decide which paragraph will describe which
idea. If the topic is an argument (type A), remember to put side you donPt agree with
first and the side you do agree with second. Think how you move from one paragraph
to another. There should be a connective logical sentence that drives you towards next
paragraphPs topic.


Example:

Parents know their children -1 st body paragraph S side you donPt agree with
Learning is more enjoyable -1 st body paragraph
Children feel safe -1 st body paragraph


no scientific approach -2 nd body paragraph S side you do agree with
associative learning -2 nd body paragraph
not every parent is capable -3 rd body paragraph
parents forgot the material -3 rd body paragraph

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Third

It is time to write the answer. According to the plan you have made, start writing the
essay. First sentence of introduction gives ma in idea of the essay, either presenting
sides of the argument or describing a s ituation. The last sentence of introduction
should naturally lead into first paragraph of the body. Remember to keep the
paragraph structure and to connect paragraphs so one will lead to another.
Important! Try to start body paragraphs with a linking word (like However,
Therefore, Moreover, Nevertheless, etc.). It raises your score.

Example:

This is an essay written according to the ideas you came up with. The ideas are in
bold font for easier understanding.

Everything has two sides and home schooling is not an exception. In the past it
seemed like the most natural way of educating the children, but today many
people criticize it.

We must acknowledge that parents know their children best . That gives them a
good chance of knowing how to make child understand certain concepts. Using
childPs interests, parents can make a process of learning more enjoyabl e and
effective. In addition, being at home makes child feel safe , which contributes to
his ability to concentrate on studying.

Nevertheless, many people believe that teaching should be done by professionals.
There are many proven scientific approaches that produce good results and
without those techniques parents who teach their kids at home have no chance of
success. Associative learning is a good example of such a technique. Showing the
child images while learning the alphabet ( apple for CaK, boy for CbK) makes him
or her remember the letters faster and easier.

Also not every parent is capable of teaching his or her child at home because the
blind can not lead the blind . Parents can not teach the children something they
donPt know themselves, and letPs face it W not all of us have profound knowledge of
history or geography even on a school textbook level. Eventually, even those
mums and dads who had succeeded at school could forget the material as the time
went by.

In conclusion, I have more trust in abi lities and experience of professional
teachers then I do in my own.



And finally - read the essay carefully from the beginning and check it for errors.

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40 minutes? Not enough!

Almost no one can get their first essays done on time. So donPt be disappointed if it
takes you an hour or even longer. First try to get used to the Baby Steps process that I
explained earlier. After a little bit of prac tice, you will start writing essays faster and
faster, and finally you will reach your goal S essay in 40 minutes. You should work
with a clock all the time S this is the only way for you to monitor you progress.

Helpful phrases

Usually people who donPt read and write in English every day have trouble expressing
themselves in essay. So I enclose here a list of phrases to help you write more elegant
sentences.

Phrases to show two sides of argument

x lSome people prefer g. Those who disagree point out thatgm
x lWe must acknowledge g Nevertheless, gm
x lNo one can deny g However, gm
x lMany people hold the opiniong Others, however, disagreegm
x lAlthough it is hard to compete with g, some people still prefer gm

Phrases to add

x lNot onlyg, butgm
x lAlso
x lFurthermore,m
x lIn addition,m
x lMoreover,m

Phrases to deny what was said before

x lAlthoughgm
x lHowever,m
x lNevertheless,m
x lEven ifgm
x lIn spite ofm
x lOn the other handm

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Phrases for examples

x lFor example,m
x lFor instance,m
x lIn particular,m
x lg, such asm
x lTo illustrate gm


Phrases for results

x lAs a resultm
x lThereforem
x lThusm
x lSom
x lEventuallym


Phrases for conclusion

x lLastly,m
x lFinally,m
x lTo conclude with,m
x lIn short,m
x lIn conclusion,m

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Practice, practice, practice!

My advice would be to practice on essays as much as you can. Your goal is to be able
to write essay of 250 words in 40 minutes on any given topic. Topic doesnPt matter,
the important thing is that you know and implement the technique youPve learned.
So for those of you, who donPt take chances, follows list of topics similar to those you
will get in IELTS. Practice with a clock and count words. Enjoy!


Topic 1

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Even though globalization affects the worldPs economics in a very
positive way, its negative side s hould not be forgotten. Discuss.

You should write at least 250 words.


Topic 2

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Some people say that education system is the only critical factor to
development of a country. To what extent do you agree or disagree
with this statement?

You should write at least 250 words.


Topic 3

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Dieting can change a personPs life fo r the better or ru in onePs health
completely. What is your opinion?

You should write at least 250 words.

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Topic 4

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Financial education should be manda tory component of the school
program. To what extent do you agre e or disagree with this statement?

You should write at least 250 words.


Topic 5

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

The best way to reduce the number of traffic accidents is to raise age
limit for the younger drivers and lower age limit for the aged ones. Do
you agree?

You should write at least 250 words.


Topic 6

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Ecological balance is impossible to archiv e when technological
progress constantly ruins our e nvironment. Do you agree?

You should write at least 250 words.

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Tips for the Speaking test

Finally, we have reached the fun part of IE LTS. Many people agree that the secret of
success in the Speaking test is being confident and creative person. Does it mean that
others will fail? Not at all! This test is PREDICTABLE . Use the following tips to
prepare yourself to whatPs coming and the confidence will come.

What are they looking for?

If you know what is important to IELTS examiners, it improves your chances of
success. These guidelines refer to every part of the Speaking test. Stick to them and
you will satisfy your examiner.

x Speak without long pauses (when you are trying to think of something to say)

x Understand what the examiner asks you and confirm that by answering
accordingly.

x Demonstrate how many "smart" words you know.

x Use all the tenses when you speak - past, present, future S and use them
correctly .

x Pronounce the words correctly. For example the word lculturem should sound
like lkolcherm, not lkulturm.

x Important! Accent has nothing to do with pronunciation, so it will not affect
your score.


Keep it simple!

This tip refers to the whole Speaking test. DonPt start long and complicated sentences
if you donPt know how to finish them! Keep your sentences simple, and words -
understandable. If you make grammatical error S itPs ok to correct yourself, but donPt
overdo it, you must sound fluent.

When you hear a question, your mind automatically draws an image with the answer.
You can describe this image in your own language, but when you start to describe it
in English, suddenly you donPt have enough words in your vocabulary. So try to think
of what part of that image you can describe, do it and stop there. DonPt let yourself
show what words you donPt know by saying incomplete sentences.

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Interview

The first part of the Speaking test is the Interview. You enter the room, see the
examiner, say lGood morning!m and smile. He or she asks to see your passport and to
sit down. If he/she offers to shake your hand S do it, otherwise S donPt.
Your body language is important here, it must show that you are relaxed and
confident. When you are talking, try to make eye contact with the examiner as much
as you can.

During the interview the examiner asks you questions about yourself, your work,
studies, parents, brothers/sisters, pets, etc. Your answer to each question should
consist of one or two sentences; try not to answer with just lYesm or lNom. After all
itPs your English they want to hear.

This is an easy task to prepare for. Read carefully the following questions and
answers, and you will get a very clear picture of what will happen.

Possible questions and answers

1. Where do you come from?
I live in Smallvile. It is a big city /small town located in the south of
NeverNeverLand.

2. What is your home like?
I rent an apartment. We have two bedrooms, one living room, one kitchen
and of course one restroom. The apartment is not very big, about 70 square
meters.

3. What the advantages and disadvantages your home has?
The advantage is that my accommodation has lots of sunlight from the
windows. And the disadvantage is that it is noisy because the centre of the
city is near by.

4. Tell me about your family.
I have a mother, a father and a brother. My mother is a social worker, my
father is a civil engineer and my brother is a student.

5. Tell me about your job.
Well, I work for a big firm /small company named BananaSoft. It is
located in Smallvile. My job title is Software Designer.

6. Is there anything you dislike about your job?
Normally, I enjoy my job very much. But sometimes my boss gives me
boring assignments, which I donPt like at all.

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7. What are your plans for the future?
I would like to improve my English first and then to find another job with
better salary.

8. What type of transport do you use most?
There are 2 types of transport that I use: I either drive my car or take the
bus.

9. Do you like reading?
Yes I do. I enjoy reading very much. Usually, I read every other day of the
week.

10. What do you like reading the best?
I enjoy reading news papers, magazine s and of course my favorite fantasy
books.

11. What kind of television programs do you watch?
Well, my favorite channel is Some TV Channel. I find it very interesting
and educational.

12. Tell me about a film you have seen recently
I saw lSome New Moviem a week ago. It is a comedy and I like comedies.
This one has some silly jokes but other than that I enjoyed it.

13. Do you have a pet?
Yes I do. I have a dog named Richy. He is 4 years old.

14. What kind of food do you like?
I prefer Asian cooking, mostly Chinese. My favorite dish is noodles with
vegetables.

15. How often do you go shopping?
Well, I donPt like shopping, so I do it only when I have to.

16. What is your favorit e festival and why?
I like October Fest. ItPs a German festiv al that starts in late September and
ends in October. People drink lots of beer at October Fest and that is why I
like it.

17. How do people celebrate this festival?
Well, they build pavilions and stands th at sell beer and all kinds of food, a
lot of bands are playing there. People from all around Europe come to
celebrate the October Fest dressed in German Traditional clothes.

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Speech

After you have finished the Interview, the examiner will hand you a card with 3 or 4
questions on. Usually the card asks you to describe a place, an event or a situation
from your experience. You have 1 minute to prepare a little speech that answers all of
the questions on a card. You also receive a paper sheet and a pen to write your notes.

The speech should take from one to two minutes. In the end the examiner might ask
you a couple of additional questions.
The tricky part here is to know when 2 minutes have passed. You need to get a feeling
what is it like to talk for 2 minutes. My sugge stion is to practice at home with a clock,
recording yourself while you are speaking on a particular topic. You can use MP3
players that can record. This way you can evaluate your own speech without any help
from other people.

Example
LetPs take the following topic card and see what kind of speech you should give:


Describe a journey you went on. You should include in your answer :

x Where you went on your journey
x Why you went to this particular place
x What did you do and with whom
x Why you enjoyed your journey or not


Possible answer:

iI would like to tell you about a journey I went on a year ago. My wife and I took
a trip to Holland.

Both of us wanted to visit Amsterdam very much because we saw pictures and
heard stories of friends about how beauti ful and wonderful it is. So finally we
bought plane tickets, booked a hotel, pack ed our bags and our trip began.

We spent a lot of time before our holiday in research of all the interesting places
to visit and all the sights to see. So we went to Amstell Beer museum, took a
romantic sunset cruise in the water cha nnels, drove to Volendam, a small prettiest
fisherman village, visited a cheese farm. Every evening we took long walks along
the channels, resting in small gardens, which Amsterdam has a lot of. Street artists
were performing everywhere and a lot of people came to watch their show.

We enjoyed very much everything we did and especially being together in such a
beautiful country. Having my wife by my side on this trip made it even more fun.m

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Practice, practice, practice

I have included here a selection of cards fo r you to practice on. Choose a card, prepare
for 1 minute, writing down the points you will speak about. When you start speaking,
try not to get in trouble S donPt use words unless you know what they mean, donPt use
long complicated sentences where you get lost in words. Try to speak simply and
make it sound interesting.


Describe a book that has had a major influence on you.
You should include in your answer:
x What is the name of that book and who is the author
x How you first heard of it
x What is that book about
x Why it played such an important role in your life



Describe your favorite restaurant.
You should include in your answer:
x Where it is located in city
x What does it look like inside and outside
x What kind of food is served there
x What makes this restaurant so special to you and others


Describe a museum you visited. You should say:
x Where this museum is situated?
x Why people visit the museum?
x What did it look like?
x Why you liked this museum?



Describe a conflict at work you once had
You should mention:
x The nature of the conflict
x Why the conflict occurred
x What you felt at the time of the conflict
x What you had to do to resolve it

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Discussion

In the third sub-part of the test you have a discussion with examiner. The topic is
somehow related to the one from section two, but it is about more abstract ideas. Your
job is to express and justify an opinion. It is called a discussion, but in reality you are
the one who does most of the talking .

To give you an idea what it will be like, here is a card you might get in part 2 of
Speaking test:



Describe a good friend of yours. You should say
x Where and when did you meet
x What did you do together
x What do you like about him/her
x Why is he/she a good friend of yours



Then in third sub-part of the Speaking test the examiner may ask you these kinds of
questions:

x Who can not be a good friend of yours? Tell the properties of such a person
x What do you value and not value in people?
x Can people, opposite in personality, be good friends?
x What do the children think about friendship? What about the adults? Compare
them.
x What do you think of friendship through internet? What good and bad sides
does it have?

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Have an opinion!

Now, when you get the idea, how do you prepare for this kind of test?
Well, you need to have an opinion on wide range of different topics.

I include here a list of most common topics for you to think about.
Just go over them, think of what do you have to say on those issues, think of which
words you will use. Then record yourself saying a couple of sentences on each of
those topics and listen to what comes out. Think of what you could have done better.
This should get you ready for the Discussion part.

So think about:

General topics

o Main industry in your country now, how it will develop in the future
o Pollution affecting ecology
o Popular transportation in your country
o How to have better public transport
o How your country has been improved
o City you are living in, it's advantages and disadvantages
o Your country's weather, main season
o Your country's animals, in what ways are they used.
o Piece of equipment that you consider very omportant, why, how did
you start to use it
o Computers - their advantages and disadvantages, whether people of
different sexes and ages use them more or less
o Food in restaurants, why and when we eat there, what are pros and
cons of eating in a restaurant
o Celebrities in your country
o Idols - who chooses them, why copy them, etc.
o Favorite holiday in your country


Household

o Who does the shopping
o Where do you like to shop and when
o What do you shop for
o Who does house works, which work in the most important, why

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About yourself

o How do you like spending your time
o Favorite movies(films), do you watch them on TV or in cinema
Would you like to act in movies? Why not?
o Where you like to spend your vacation
o Study or work, where, what do you like most about your job, what do
you dislike about your job
o Your future plans
o Your hobbies
o Do you think free time is important and why
o What did you study at university
o Which subject is your favorite
o Which subject you don't like
o What do you want to do in the future
o Your favorite food
o Greatest success in your life
o Design of your apartment, like, dislike, why
o What room do you like most, what you do there most, what it looks
like
o Your favorite sportsmen
o Favorite TV program
o Most interesting time in your life


Things that were important in your life

o Song
o Book - what about, how did it influence you
o Doll or some other toy, who gave it to you, on what occasion, what did
you do with it

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Friends

o Who is your best friend
o Where and when did you meet
o What do you like the best about him/her
o What have you done together? Explain the reasons of your good
friendship
o What do the children think about friendship? What about the adults?
Compare them
o Who can not be a good friend of yours? Tell the properties of such a
person
o Can people, opposite in personality, be good friends?
o What do you value and not value in people
o Friendship through internet, good and bad sides

Traveling

o How can a visitor travel in my country
o How did my grandparents travel in the past
o Will the travel method change in the future
o Traveling in group compared single traveling
o What kinds of holidays exist
o Where people prefer to go on vacation
o Applications that have positive effect on growth of tourism

Toys

o Why boys and girls chose different toys
o Why toys are good for kids
o Negative influence of toys, educational side of toys

Music

o What kind of music do you like,
o Why we should teach music to our kids

60 Page


What if j?

It can happen that the examiner asks you a question and you donPt have a clue what is
he/she talking about. DonPt panic! Just say:

x I am not sure what you mean, could you be more specific?
x Could you repeat the question, please?

If you donPt have a ready answer and you are trying to borrow some time, say:

x Well, I never thought about that, but if I do, I would say thatg
x Well, it is not a simple question.

If they ask for your opinion, you can start by saying:

x In my opiniong
x I think thatg
x Well, if you ask me, g
x When it comes to me, I g

You will probably have to speak in present, past and future tenses. When asked to
speak about future, say:

x I am sure that (something will/wonPt happen)
x It is likely/unlikely that (some event will / wonPt occur)


Leave a good impression

FINALLY!!! When leaving the room after the interview, look the examiner in the
eyes, smile and simply say: lThank you for your time. Good byem.
IsnPt life great? -

61 Page

Pocket tips

Listening

x Read instructions.
x Guess what is missing: is it a word, a place, a name, a number, how many?
x Divide questions into groups.
x Listen for details.
x Loud and clear S answer, whisper S not.
x Repetition and dictation S answer.
x Multiple choices S use T/F/NG method to eliminate all choices but one.
x Gap fills S look around the gaps for clues (Bad grammar = wrong answer).
x Traps: Change of mind, generalization, explicit answers.
x Copy answers: just the letter, not the circle,
just your answer, not the whole sentence.

Reading

x Read instructions
x Manage your time.
x Make a map.
x Easy questions first S complicated second.
x Look for keywords.
x Matching headings S use the map.
x T/F/NG: Clearly said = True
Opposite to what is said = False
Now what is said = Not Given
x Multiple Choices S use T/F/NG method to eliminate all choices but one.
x Gap fills S use the map to find where the answer is hiding.
x DonPt make assumptions!
x Have time left S check your answers.

Speaking

Interview : Be confident and relaxed
Eye contact with the examiner
Answer every question with in at least 2 sentences
Speech : Write down main points
Speak simply - no big words if you arenPt sure how to use them
Make it sound interesting
Discussion : Have an opinion on everything
Any opinion is acceptable (no lgoodm or lbadm opinions)
In the end thank the examiner and shake hands

62 Page

Writing

Letters:














Essay:

3 types of topics: Argument, Hidden argument, Situation


Complaint

1. What are you complaining about?
2. a) What is the problem?
b) Why is that a problem?
c) What did you do to resolve the
situation?
d) What was the result?
3. What do you want to be done?
4. Faithfully Yours,
Smith
Request of information

1. What info do you need in general?
2. a) Who are you?
b) What exactly do you need to know?
3. How do you want to get this info:
phone call, e-mail, fax, letter?
4. Faithfully Yours,
Smith

Business

1. What is the general purpose of this letter?
2. a) Who you are?
b) Why do you write this letter (details)?

3. What kind of answer do you expect?
Suggestions, solutions, etc.
4. Faithfully Yours,
Smith
Job application

1. What position are you applying for?
2. What are your skills, diplomas,
experience?
3. a) Why do you want this job?
b) You want to get an interview.
4. Thanks for consideration,
Faithfully Yours,
Smith
Plan for Argument and Hidden Argument
topic type (5 paragraphs)

1. Introduction S 2 sides of the argument
2. Write about side you donPt agree with
3. Write about side you do agree with
4. Write more about side you agree with
5. Conclusion S sum up, suggestions,
solutions.

Plan for Situation topic type (5 paragraphs)


1. Introduction S define the situation
2. Write about reason # 1 for the situation
3. Write about reason # 2 for the situation
4. Write about reason # 3 for the situation
5. Conclusion S sum up, suggestions,
solutions.

63 Page

Study Plan

All the tips I shared with you until now are priceless, but they will be worth even
more if you use them while practicing. As I said before, there are those who study and
donPt pass, and there are those who donPt study and pass. And then there are people
like us S we study a little, and then ACE the IELTS!

My advice is: if you decided to take IELTS, give yourself a month of studying
according to this plan and go ACE the IELTS right away! DonPt wait, donPt take long
breaks between studying, give it your all S and the success will follow.

Follows suggested study plan for 21 days that should help you get the best IELTS
score you can with your current level of English. All of IELTS tasks appear in equal
proportion. You can change that by doing more of tasks you feel weak at and
removing some (not all!) of tasks you feel strong at. Remember, it is important to
practice in all the tasks and not concentrate just on the ones you fear most.

In this e-book I have included Writing 1 (letter) and Writing 2 (essay) tasks, interview
questions, topic cards and themes for the Speaking test . Additional material for
studying (audio files for the Listening test, texts for the Reading test, etc) can be
found on the following very helpful internet sites:

For the Listening test
http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/IELTS/ - take it online, or print the booklet
http://www.esl-lab.com/ - for this one you will need Real Audio Player
http://www.international.holmesglen.vic.edu.au - download the sample, print booklet
http://esl.about.com/cs/toefl/a/a_ielts_2.htm
http://www.aapress.com.au/ielts/english/dload.html - great downloadable material

For the Reading test
http://www.gday.ru/ielts/reading/generalreading/
http://www.gday.ru/ielts/reading/academicreading/
http://www.ielts.org/_lib/pdf/1969_IELTSappForm05.pdf
http://www.onestopenglish.com/Exams/pdfs/uffizi_reading.pdf
http://www.selfaccess.com/www/sa/sa/htm/sa_samples.php
http://education.kulichki .net/lang/ieread.html
http://international.holmesglen.vic.edu.au/ie_read.htm
http://www.ieltshelpnow.com/sample_tutorials.html
http://www.examenglish.com/IELTS_reading.htm
http://www.aapress.com.au/ielts/english/dload.html - great downloadable material

And of course there are many others, just look up words lIELTSm and lforumm in any
search engine. The internet moves so quickly, by the time you are reading this book
there might be many new forums I never heard of. If you find them or my links are
not good any more S please let me know, I will update them and you will receive a
FREE up-to-date copy of this book.

64 Page



Day Tasks Time Remarks
1 Speaking
Listening
Writing 2 (type A)
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
2 Writing 1 (Complaint)
Listening
Reading
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
3 Speaking
Listening
Writing 2 (type S)
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
4 Writing 1 (Request)
Listening
Reading
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
5 Speaking
Writing 2 (type A)
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
6 Writing 1 (Business)
Listening
Reading
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
7 Speaking
Writing 2 (type S)
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
8 Writing 1 (Job application)
Listening
Reading
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
9 Speaking
Listening
Writing 2 (type A)
30 minutes
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
10 Writing 1 (Personal)
Reading
Listening
30 minutes
60 minutes
30 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
11 Speaking
Writing 2 (type S)
Reading
30 minutes
40 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
12 Writing 1 (Complaint)
Reading
Listening
30 minutes
60 minutes
30 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
13 Speaking
Listening
Writing 2 (type A)
30 minutes
30 minutes
40 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
14 Writing 1 (Business)
Reading
30 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks

65 Page


15 Full IELTS test :
Listening
Reading
Writing 1
Writing 2
Speaking

40 minutes
60 minutes
20 minutes
40 minutes
15 minutes

DonPt take breaks,
continue through the
whole test
16 Listening
Writing 2
30 minutes
40 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
17 Speaking
Writing 2 (type S)
30 minutes
40 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
18 Writing 1 (Personal)
Reading
Speaking
20 minutes
60 minutes
30 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
19 Speaking
Writing 1 (Business)
Listening
30 minutes
20 minutes
30 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
20 Writing 2 (type A)
Reading
40 minutes
60 minutes
Take 5-10 minutes break
between tasks
21 Full IELTS test :
Listening
Reading
Writing 1
Writing 2
Speaking

40 minutes
60 minutes
20 minutes
40 minutes
15 minutes

DonPt take breaks,
continue through the
whole test
X