Best Practice Book for IELTS Writing. 230 IELTS Writing Samples. Dr.Md Munan Shaik (2013)

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Best Practice Book for
IELTS Writing

T a b le o f C o ntents
IELT S W riti ng 1
IELT S W riti ng 9
IELT S W riti ng -O verview 9
IELT S Aca demi c W riti ng 10
IELT S ACAD EM IC W RITING 10
IELT S G eneralW riti ng 11
IELT S W riti ng Task G eneral(Task 1) 12
Sam ple 1 12
Sam ple 2 12
Sam ple 3 13
Sam ple 4 14
Sam ple 5 15
Sam ple 6 16
Sam ple 7 16
Sam ple 8 17
Sam ple 9 18

Sam ple 10 19
Sam ple 11 20
Sam ple 12 21
Sam ple 13 22
Sam ple 14 22
Sam ple 15 23
Sam ple 16 24
Sam ple 17 24
Sam ple 18 25
Sam ple 18 25
Sam ple 19 26
Sam ple 20 27
Sam ple 21 27
Sam ple 22 29
Sam ple 23 29
Sam ple 24 30
Sam ple 25 30
Sam ple 26 31
Sam ple 27 31

Sam ple 28 32
Sam ple 29 32
Sam ple 30 33
Sam ple 31 34
Sam ple 32 34
Sam ple 33 35
Sam ple 34 36
Sam ple 35 36
Sam ple 36 37
Sam ple 37 38
Sam ple 38 38
Sam ple 39 39
Sam ple 40 39
Sam ple 41 40
Sam ple 42 41
Sam ple 43 41
Sam ple 44 42
Sam ple 45 42
Sam ple 46 43

Sam ple 47 43
Sam ple 48 44
Sam ple 49 44
Sam ple 50 45
Sam ple 51 46
Sam ple 52 46
Sam ple 53 47
Sam ple 54 47
Sam ple 55 48
Sam ple 56 49
Sam ple 57 49
Sam ple 58 50
Sam ple 59 50
Sam ple 60 51
G eneralIELT S W riti ng Task 2 51
Sam ple 1 52
Sam ple 2 52
Sam ple 4 54
Sam ple 5 55

Sam ple 6 56
Sam ple 7 58
Sam ple 8 59
Sam ple 9 60
Sam ple 10 61
Sam ple 11 62
Sam ple 12 63
Sam ple 14 64
Sam ple 15 65
Sam ple 16 65
Sam ple 17 66
Sam ple 18 67
Sam ple 19 67
Sam ple 20 68
Sam ple 21 69
Sam ple 22 69
Sam ple 23 70
Sam ple 24 71
Sam ple 25 71

Sam ple 26 72
Sam ple 27 73
Sam ple 28 73
Sam ple 29 74
Sam ple 30 75
Sam ple 31 75
Sam ple 32 76
Sam ple 33 77
Sam ple 34 77
Sam ple 35 78
Sam ple 36 79
Sam ple 37 79
Sam ple 38 80
Sam ple 39 81
Sam ple 40 82
Sam ple 41 82
Sam ple 42 83
Sam ple 43 84
Sam ple 44 84

Sam ple 45 85
Sam ple 46 86
Sam ple 47 87
Sam ple 48 87
Sam ple 49 88
Sam ple 50 89
Sam ple 51 89
Sam ple 52 90
Sam ple 53 91
Sam ple 54 92
Sam ple 55 92
Sam ple 56 93
Sam ple 57 94
Sam ple 58 94
Sam ple 59 95
Sam ple 60 96
Sam ple 61 96
Sam ple 62 97
Sam ple 63 98

Sam ple 64 98
Sam ple 65 99
Sam ple 66 99
Sam ple 67 100
Sam ple 68 101
Sam ple 69 101
Sam ple 70 102
Sam ple 71 103
Sam ple 72 103
Sam ple 73 104
Sam ple 74 105
Sam ple 75 106
Sam ple 76 106
Sam ple 77 107
Sam ple 78 108
Sam ple 79 108
Sam ple 80 109
Sam ple 81 110
Sam ple 82 110

Sam ple 83 111
Sam ple 84 111
Sam ple 85 112
Sam ple 86 113
Sam ple 87 113
Sam ple 88 114
Sam ple 89 114
Sam ple 90 115
Sam ple 91 116
Sam ple 92 116
Sam ple 93 117
Sam ple 94 118
Sam ple 95 118
Sam ple 96 119
Sam ple 97 119
Sam ple 98 120
Sam ple 99 121
Sam ple 100 121
Sam ple 101 122

Sam ple 102 122
Sam ple 103 123
Sam ple 104 124
Sam ple 105 124
Sam ple 106 125
Sam ple 107 125
Sam ple 108 126
Sam ple 109 126
Sam ple 110 127
Sam ple 111 128
Sam ple 112 128
Sam ple 113 129
Sam ple 114 129
Sam ple 115 130
Sam ple 116 131
Sam ple 117 131
Sam ple 118 132
Sam ple 119 133
Sam ple 120 133

Sam ple 121 134
Sam ple 122 135
Sam ple 123 135
Sam ple 125 136
Sam ple 126 137
Sam ple 127 138
Sam ple 128 138
Sam ple 129 139
Sam ple 130 140
Sam ple 131 140
Sam ple 132 141
Sam ple 133 141
Sam ple 134 142
Sam ple 135 143
Sam ple 136 143
Sam ple 137 144
Sam ple 138 144
Sam ple 139 145
Sam ple 140 146

Sam ple 141 146
Sam ple 142 147
Sam ple 143 148
Sam ple 144 148
Sam ple 145 149
Sam ple 146 150
Sam ple 147 150
Sam ple 148 151
Sam ple 149 151
Sam ple 150 152
Sam ple 151 152
Sam ple 152 153
Sam ple 153 154
Sam ple 154 154
Sam ple 155 155
Sam ple 156 155
Sam ple 157 156
Sam ple 158 157
Sam ple 159 157

Sam ple 160 158
Sam ple 161 158
Sam ple 162 159
Sam ple 163 160
Sam ple 164 160
Sam ple 165 161
Sam ple 166 162
Sam ple 167 162
Sam ple 168 163
Sam ple 169 164
Sam ple 170 164
IELT S Letter165
M ostComm on LetterTop ics -(Form al)165
Sam ple Letter– Form al
(Com plaining to a Hotel)-Task 1 167
Sam ple Letter1 167
Sam ple Letter2 168
Sam ple Letter3 168
IELT S LetterTop ics -Semi -Form al169

Sam ple Letter– Semi -Form al
(Com plaining to a Hotel)-Task 1 171
Sam ple Letter1 171
Sam ple Letter2 172
Sam ple Letter3 173
IELT S LetterTop ics -Inform al174
Sam ple Letter– Inform al
(Com plaining to a Hotel)-Task 1 176
Sam ple Letter1 176
Sam ple Letter2 177
Sam ple Letter3 177

IELT S W riting
IELTS is a m ulti -level exam .
You g eta score betwee n 1 and 9 for eac h sec tion. Half scores
such as 6.5 are po ss ible.Universiti es often d em and an IELTS score
of6 o r7. They m ay also d em and a mi nim um score in eac h o fthe 4
sec tion s.
1. IELTS W riti ng m arking schem es
The two writi ng qu estion s are m arked out of9 acc ording to the following
criteria:
Task Achievem ent
Coh erence and Coh esion
Lexica lResou rce
G ramm atica lRang e and Acc urac y
2. IELTS Spea king m arking schem es
The spea king test is also m arked ou t of 9 acc ording to the following criteria:
Fluency and coh erence
Lexica lresou rce
G ramm atica lrang e and acc urac yPronun ciation
18. IELTS W riting -O ver view
The IELTS Aca demi c and G eneralW riti ng M odu les are simil arin som e ways
and d ifferentin o thers.W hichevertestyou do, you have on e hou r to com plete two
tasks.It is the nature of the tasks that m akes them different.You ca n see this
clea rly in the chartbelow:

G eneral
Task 1 :M inim um 150 words:W riti ng a letterin respon se to a
situation – inform al,semi -form al, o rform al
Task 2 :M inim um 250 words:W riti ng a m ore person aless ay – po ss ible inform al
style
Aca demi c
Task 1 :M inim um 150 words:Interpreting, d escribing, o rcom paring
inform ation p resented in g raph ic form -a diagram , b archart,line graph, p ie
chartortable
Task 2 :M inim um 250 words:W riti ng an ess ay on a general aca demi c
top ic – form alstyle.
In bo th ca ses, you rscore is based on three fund am entalcriteria:
Content: How well do you r present you rargu m ents,idea s and evidence ?
Q uality: How effec tively are you able to comm un ica te you ridea s and though ts?
Tec hn icalAspec ts:How corr ec tis you rgramm ar? How rich is your v o c a b u l
ary? How varied are your sentence s?
To com plete an organize d, coh erent piec e o f writi ng, yo u nee d to take
2-5 m inu tes to plan. During this tim e, you ca n con siderwhat
po siti on you will adop t, how you 're go ing to exp and on the top ic and in what
order you will present you r idea s.You shou ld skip the plann ing ac tivity
on ly ifyou h ave very littl e tim e left.In such a ca se, you ca n work direc tly
on the task itself.
O fcou rse, g ramm arand vo ca bu lary willalso b e ass ess ed. M ake sure
you chec k you r writi ng forver b tense ag ree m ent,pre positions,w ord
order,sentence patt er ns, sentence structure , and range o f
vo cabu lary. Avo id using the sam e v erbs, noun s, or adjec tives
m ore than o nce.Do not use slang at all. In the aca demi c sec tion
ofthe IELTS,avo id con trac tion s,which are a clea rsym bo lof inform al
writi ng.

1. IELTS A cadem ic W riting
IELT S ACAD EM IC W RITING
T he IELTS Academ ic W riting m odu le m ea sures you rabilit y to
write in clea r,form al Eng lish, as is generally dem and ed in an
aca demi c con text.You are ass ess ed acc ording to the following
criteria:
Task Respon se - ho w acc urately to add ress the task
C oherence and Coh esion - how o rganize d you rwriti ng is
Lexical Resou rce - the rang e of your vo ca bu lary
G ram m at ica lRang e and Acc urac y -the corr ec tness ofyou rgramm ar
You have an hou rto com plete two writi ng tasks.You m ustcom plete bo th tasks to
geta score.You nee d to organize you ridea s,write acc urately, and use rich
vo ca bu lary.Itis rec omm end ed thatyou d ivide your tim e in this way:
Task 1 – 150 words – 20 mi nu tes
Task 2 – 250 words – 40 mi nu tes
1.
2. IELTS ACAD EM IC W RITING -TASK 1
In the firsttask, you m ustwrite a repo rt b ased on p ictorialinform ation. This
m ea ns you m ay n ee d to d escribe a graph, chart, or d iagram .Itm ay b e a bar
chart, p ie chart,line graph, o rsom e othergraph ic representation. You mi gh t
also be asked to describe the proce ss ill ustrated by the d iagram .This
invo lves describing the data acc urately, po inting ou t trend s and relevant
inform ation, and u sing app rop riate vo ca bu lary.
To und erstand ho w best to answer this typ e oftask, rea d through the
m od elanswers prov ided in IELTS gu idebook s.Exami ners will score you r
answer based on you rabilit y to g roup relevant inform ation, link idea s in
com plex sentence s,and u se app rop riate vo ca bu lary to describe trend s. This
is no t as difficultas it sound s.By rea ding through severalsam ple answers,
you ca n extrac tthe vo ca bu lary you n ee d and also lea rn a v ariety of sentence

structures, to present you rinform ation in a form al,aca demi c m ann er.Forthe
high estm arks,also p ay close attention to you rspelli ng and copy g iven words
and ph rases corr ec tly.
3. IELTS ACAD EM IC W RITING -TASK 2
In this task, you n ee d to write an aca demi c style ess ay on the sing le top ic
given. You h ave no cho ice s here – you m ust write on ly abou tthe on e
top ic – so p repare you rselfwith strategies to write a well-organize d ess ay
on a variety o fsub jec tarea s.You m ay nee d to offer a solution to a
prob lem ,exp ress an op inion o rcomm ent on idea s orargu m ents presented.
You ress ay shou ld b e abou tfou rorfive p aragraph s in leng th, with an
introdu ction,
body and con clusion. Itshou ld no tbe a list o fbu lletpo ints, bu ta prop erly
organize d ess ay, writt en in full sentence s.You nee d to state you rthesis,
prov ide evidence or rea son s to suppo rt you r argu m ent and write a strong
con clusion. Use top ic sentence s to clea rly identify the m ain them e in eac h
paragraph. You cou ld use the gu ide below to structure you ress ay:
Paragraph 1 :Introdu ction :Restate the top ic,ind ica te you rpo siti on
Paragraph 2 :Body :M ain idea ,suppo rting idea ,exam ples
Paragraph 3: Body : M ain idea ,suppo rting idea ,exam ples
Paragraph 4 : Con clusion : Summ arize idea s,restate po siti on

2. IELTS G ener alW riting
T h e IELTS G ener al W riting sec tion m ea sures you rabilit y to
comm un ica te abou t comm on, p rac tica l iss ues and exp and on top ics of
person alinterest.You m ay b e asked to p rov ide fac tualinform ation, m ake
sugg estion s,exp ress likes and d islikes, o rpresentcom plaints, op inion s, o r
views.This sec tion lasts for1 hou rand includ es 2 tasks.Task 2 ca rries m ore
m arks than Task 1. Therefore, you m ay wish to d ivide you rtim e as
follows:Task 1 – 150 words – 20 mi nu tes
Task 2 – 250 words – 40 mi nu tes
Acc ording to the m akers ofthe IELTS exam , ass ess m ent of G eneral W riti ng
tasks is based on the following criteria:
Task Achievem ent - ho w tho rough ly you do whatis asked
C oherence and Coh esion - how o rganize d you rletteris
LexicalResou rce - the rang e of vo ca bu lary you u se
G ram m at ica lRang e and Acc urac y -ho w correc tyou rgramm aris
1. IELTS G ENERAL W RITING -TASK 1
You are asked to write a letterto a friend, gov ernm entagency o rinterestgroup. The
levelofform alit y d epend s on who you are writi ng to and ho w well you kno w them ,so
the style m ay b e form al,semi -form alor inform al.You are given a briefdescription o fa
prob lem orsituation, followed by bu lleted instruction s on whatto includ e in you r letter.
M ake sure you write about eac h and every on e of the po ints m ention ed. Also
use app rop riate gramm ar,ca pitaliza tion, and pun ctuation.
Itwill also h elp to rea d through severalsam ple tests in o rderto bo th famili arize you rself
with the typ e ofsituations p resented, and to lea rn ho w to write these
typ es of letter answers ea sily, correc tly,and qu ickly. Sam ple Task 1 tasks includ e:
w riting to a college admi nistration o ffice rabou tprob lem s with your do rmit ory
w riting to a land lord to resolve p rob lem s with the hea ting system
w ri t i ng to a friend to inv ite him/ herto a surprise party

2. IELTS G ENERAL W RITING -TASK 2
You h ave to write a mi nim um 250 -word ess ay on a top ic ofgeneralinterest.You mi gh t
have to solve a prob lem , present
you rop inion, o rcom pare differing v iewpo ints on a given top ic.
The usual rules of good ess ay writi ng app ly.Plan b efore you write, u se varied
sentence structure, u tili ze link ing words to conn ec tidea s, u se dyn ami c and rich
vo ca bu lary to pu tyou rthough ts ac ross , be ca reful of you r spelli ng, ca pitaliza tion, and
pun ctuation, and o rganize you ress ay into abou t4-5 paragraph s.A sam ple structure is
sho wn b elow:
Paragraph 1 :Introdu ction :Restate the top ic,ind ica te you rpo siti on
Paragraph 2 :Body :M ain idea ,suppo rting idea ,exam ples
Paragraph 3: Body : M ain idea ,suppo rting
idea ,exam ples
Paragraph 4: Con clusion : Summ arize idea s,restate po siti on
Sam ple Task 2 tasks includ e:
w hetherit is po ss ible to take a v aca tion from you rprob lem s
w hetherfamili es tod ay are closerthan they u sed to b e.
whethersm ok ing in pub lic shou ld be b ann ed
w hetherold p eop le shou ld go to nu rsing ho m es
W rite as m any practice ess ay s as poss ible,within the 40 -mi nu te tim e limit ,
so you ca n do so with ea se and con fidence on the day o fyou rexam .
IELTS W riting Task
G ener al(Ta sk 1)
Sam ple 1
1. You shou ld spend abou t20 m inu tes on this task.

You are du e to m ov e into a re nted a partm entnextm onth bu tyo u w ill not be able to
bec ause yo u hav e som e problem s. W rite a lett er to the land lord.In yo urlett er :
explain yo ursituation
descr ibe yo urproblem s
tell him /her w hen yo u think yo u can m ov e in
W rite at lea st 150 words. You do NO T
nee d to write any add ress es.
m od elan swer:
Dea r M iss Berr y, As you kno w, I have rented 41 G eorge Roche Road from you
for six m on ths from 15 th Augu st.However,Iam afraid Iwill no long erbe able to
m ov e in on thatdate,as m y p lans h ave had to chang e beca use ofill ness .During the
summ er vaca tion, I was working in a com pany as a Projec tM anager.Towards the
end o fm y shift, I slipp ed and fell on a wet floo r and broke
m y wrist.Luckily,it was a clea n b rea k and d idn 'trequ ire surgery.However,it is m y righ t
wrist,and so Iam un able to write for the tim e being. Atpresent,Iam atho m e in Kuala
Lum pu r un til the plaster ca n be taken o ff – Ithink this shou ld b e in the lastwee k of
Septem ber. I will then return to m y cou rse in Canterbu ry and take up residence at41
G eorge Roche Road. Ihope this will no tca use you any d ifficulti es.You rs since rely,
Rac helYu
(164 words)
Sam ple 2
The sam ple lett er contains 14 ga ps.Com plete it by pu tt ing a pre position in each
space .
Dea r M r.Peter,Thank you for you r letter o f 20 Septem ber. I was very sadd ened
.......... you racc oun tofwhathapp ened in ou rho tellastm on th, and Iam writi ng to
exp ress m y apo log ies .......... this. I ca n und erstand that you were sho cked ..........
the way the rece ption ist behaved. There ca n be no excuse .......... such b ehaviour
and Ifully und erstand why you felt you n ee ded to com plain .......... the situation. Ica n
prov ide no exp lanation .......... the way the em ploy ee spok e to you. As a m em ber o f
Darius Hotels G roup, we have a r ep u tation .......... being perfec t..........
look ing afterou rcustom ers,and Iam very sorr y that you r exp erience .......... our
service did no t con firm this. I intend to d eal.......... staff m em ber app rop riately
and I will ensure that he do es no t repea tthis behaviou r.......... send ing him on a
retraining cou rse next wee k. I wou ld like to ass ure you thatthe behaviou ryou
encoun tered is no ttyp ica l.......... ou rstaff.As the gu estservice m anager,Iam
respon sible .......... all ofou r em ploy ee s so p lea se acce ptm y apo log ies again and this
vou cherworth $100 to spend in any .......... ou rho tels.You rs since rely,John Norm an
G uestService M anager

Dea rM r.Peter,
Thank you foryou rletterof20 Septem ber.I was very sadd ened by you r acc oun t of
whathapp ened in ou rho tellastm on th, and I am writi ng to exp ress m y apo log ies for
this. I ca n und erstand that you were s hocked by the way the rece ption ist
behaved. There ca n be no excuse for such
behaviou rand Ifully und erstand why you felt you nee ded to com plain about the
situation. Ica n p rov ide no exp lanation for/ofthe way the em ploy ee spok e to you.
As a m em berofDarius Hotels G roup, we h ave a repu tation for being perfec tat
look ing afterou rcustom ers,and Iam very sorr y that you r exp erience of ou r service
did no tcon firm this.Iintend to dea lw ith staffm em berapp rop riately and Iwillensure
thathe do es no trepea tthis behaviou rby send ing him on a retraining cou rse next
wee k. Iwou ld like to ass ure you thatthe behaviou ryou encoun tered is no ttyp ica lofou r
staff.
As the gu est service m anager, Iam respon sible for all of ou r em ploy ee s so
plea se acce ptm y apo log ies again and this vou cherworth $100 to spend in any ofour
ho tels.
You rs since rely, John Norm an
G uestService M anager
Sam ple 3
M arina has juststarted a new cours e at college and hertutorhas asked herto
w rite him a lett ertelli ng him som ething abo uthers elf.
Sh e has m ad e ten mi stak es in ve rb tenses in herlett er.Find a nd corr ec tthem .
Dea rTutor,
Iam comi ng to Brigh ton College from Sing apo re,where Iwas a stud entforten y ea rs.I
did alrea dy take exami nation s in Sing apo re in Eng lish, Biolog y,Com pu terand M aths.M y
high estscore is for Com pu ter:Igo tgrade A.
W hen Iwas a stud entin Sing apo re Ialso h ave a part-tim e job in a shop. M y un cle o wns
a sup erm arketand so Ihelped h im in the evening s.Iused to worked there four n igh ts a
wee k and Ithink this was very good exp erience form e.

At the wee kend s, I usually played vo lleyb all with friend s or,ifthe wea ther's
bad, we have bee n to the thea tre,which is v ery popu larin Sing apo re.Beca use ofm y
part-tim e job, Ialso d id spend a lotoftim e study ing atthe wee kend.
I didn ’t go to m any other place s. M y fathertook m e to Thailand on ce .Three wee ks
after we had returned he also went to M alaysia and took the who le famil y.
This is a briefdescription o fm y b ac kg round.
Bestwishes,M arina
DearTutor,
Ihave com e to Brigh ton College from S ingapo re,where Iwas a stud entforten ye ars . I
have alread y tak en ex am ina tions in S ingapo re in Eng lish, Biolog y,Com pu ter and
M aths. M y high est score w as forCom pu ter:Igo tgrad e A.
W hen Iwas a stud entin S ingapo re Ialso had a pa rt-tim e job in a shop. M y un cle o wns a
sup erm arke tand so Ihelped h im in the eve ning s. Iw orked / used to w ork there
fou r nigh ts a week and I think this was ve ry good ex perience form e.
At the weeke nd s, I usua lly playe d volley ba ll with friend s or,if the weatherw as bad,
we w ent / used to go to the theatre, which is ve ry popu lar in S ingapo re.
Bec au se of m y pa rt-tim e job, I
also spent a lot of tim e stud ying a t the weeke nd.
Ihave n't bee n to m an y otherplace s.M y fathertoo k m e to Tha iland on ce .Three week s
after we returned he also went to M alaysia and too k the who le fam ily.
This is a brief description of m y ba ck ground.
Bestwishes,
M arina
Sam ple 4
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You are a stud ent at an English languag e schoo lin Brighton and are living
in priva te acc omm odation w ith o ther flatm ates.You hav e nothad hot w ater or
heating forsom e tim e.The land lord’s w orkm en hav e tried to fix the problem bu t
w ithoutsucce ss .

W rite a lett er to the land lord.In yo urlett er :
state yo urre ason forw riting
descr ibe the problem s and explain how yo u fee l
propose a solution and risk the land lord to take action
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.
m od elan swer:
Dea rM r.Jon es,
Iam on e ofthe tenants atyou rprop erty in Upp erLewes Road, and am writi ng to
com plain abou t the fac t that we do not h ave any ho twaterorhea ting in ou rhou se.
As you kno w,we have bee n living in this hou se since Septem berand h ave always p aid
ou rrenton tim e.However,we have h ad no ho t water for last two wee ks.This is
m aking ou rlives very d ifficult,espec ially as it is no w the mi dd le of winter.Lastwee k
you said you wou ld send
a workm an to ou rhou se within 3 d ays, but no on e ca m e. After ca lli ng m any tim es,
the workm an eventually arr ived atthe hou se 5 d ays later.Unfortun ately, h e said h e
cou ld no tfix the prob lem beca use the bo ilerwas too o ld!W e are no w extrem ely unh appy
abou tthis solution.
W e are prepared to con tinu e to rentyour hou se bu tplea se arrang e forem ergency
repairs to b e m ade.W e also requ esta 40% d iscoun ton ou rrentforthe period we have
bee n withou tany ho twaterorhea ting.
We look forward to h ea ring from you. Shannon Brown
(188 words)
Sam ple 5
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You are go ing o n a shortcourse to a training college abroa d.Itis a college thatyo u
hav e notbee n to before .
W rite a lett er to the acc omm odation o fficer .In yo urlett er

give details ofyo ur course and yo ur a rr iva l/departure date
explain yo uracc omm odation nee ds
ask forinform ation aboutgett ing to a nd from the college
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dear................. ,m od elan swer:Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iam writi ng to inform you thatIwill be attend ing the Adv ance d Life Insurance cou rse,
being h eld from Tuesday 24 th April un til 27 rd April,atthe University of Hartford.
Iwill be arr iving on the afternoon of M ond ay 23 th and will be lea ving on the m orning of
Saturday the 28 th ofApril,so I
will requ ire a sing le roo m forthis tim e. I wou ld p referm y o wn b athroo m ,ifthis is
po ss ible, bu tdo no tmi nd sharing ifIhave to;ho wever,as Iam whee lchairbound, the
roo m will have to b e disabilit y friend ly.Cou ld you p lea se tell m e ho w m uch this will cost
and ho w Ishou ld m ake a p aym ent? Do you acce ptVISA?
As Ido no tkno w the area ,Iwou ld also be g ratefulifyou cou ld p rov ide som e inform ation
abou tgetti ng to and from the University.W ill Inee d to take pub lic transpo rtfrom the
station o ris there a University bu s service? Any inform ation on what to see and do
in the area wou ld also b e grea tly app rec iated.
Thank you foryou rass istance .
Alex Jon es (184 words)Sam ple 6
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
You are loo king fora part-tim e job. W rite a lett er to an em ploy m entag ency.
In yo urletter
introdu ce yo urself
explain w hat sort of job yo u w ould like
and say w hat exper ience and skill s
yo u have
W rite atlea st150 words.

You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dear................. ,m od elan swer:Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iam a G erm an n ation alfrom Heidelberg and atpresentIam study ing fora M aster’s
degree in Comm ercialLaw here,atthe University o fBielefeld, where Ihave bee n forthe
lasttwo m on ths.
I am look ing for a part-tim e job and I
wond er if you ca n help m e. Prob ably, I
wou ld like an o ffice job, p erhaps working as a sec retary, o ffice admi nistrator or typ ist.
Ica n on ly work du ring the afternoon s and atwee kend s as m y un iversity stud ies occ upy
m ostofthe day.Iwou ld b e rea dy to startimm ediately.
I am a com petent typ ist and I am com pu ter-lit erate.In add iti on, Ispea k Polish
and G erm an fluently and I have b ee n lea rning Eng lish forthe pastthree y ea rs.W hile
Istud ied form y d egree , I worked as a part-tim e office m anager for an im po rt-expo rt
firm in Heidelberg. In rece ntyea rs,Ihave also h ad tem po rary summ erjob s as a ho tel
rece ption istin M annh eim ,G erm any.
Iam look ing forward to h ea ring from you, You rs faithfully,
Heinrich Buko wski (170 words)Sam ple 7
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
W rite a letter to the acc omm odation o fficer atthe college.In yo urlett er :
explain yo ursituation.
describe the acc omm odation you re qu ire .
say w hen yo u w ill nee d it.
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
DearM s Rose,
Com plete the sam ple lett er
Dea rMs Rose,
Iam a 26 -yea r-old farm er and agrono mi st
.................... Pakistan, and Ihave bee n acce pted to .................... a on e-m on th
training cou rse at G ree nm ount AgriculturalCollege starting n extJanu ary. Iwou ld b e

grateful.................... You cou ld eitherfind m e acc omm od ation forthe m on th or give
m e a list of add ress es
.................... Icou ld write to. Iwou ld like,if po ss ible, to .................... a roo m in a
famil y hou se beca use I wou ld like the
.................... to p rac tice m y Eng lish atthe sam e tim e.Iwill nee d a roo m with a bed and
a table .................... that I ca n study there also. If .................... ,Iwou ld prefera roo m
nea r the college since I will
.................... be in G ree nm oun tfora sho rttim e and Iwill no thave tim e to lea rn m y way
around.
I will nee d the acc omm od ation
.................... five wee ks from 28 th Dece m berto the 3rd February as Iwou ld like to arr ive
a few days before the cou rse b egins.
Cou ld you also .................... tell m e how m uch acc omm od ation o f this kind will
cost and whether the price .................... m ea ls.
Ilook forward to .................... from you.
You rs since rely, M uh amm ad Sam ple 8
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
An English-speaking friend w ants to spend a tw o-w ee k holiday in yo urre gion a nd
has w ritt en asking forinform ation a nd advice .
W rite a letter to yo ur friend . In yo urlett er :
off er to find som ew here to stay
give advice aboutw hatto do
give inform ation aboutw hatclothes to bring
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dear................. ,
Com plete the sam ple lett er
The sam ple lettercon tains eleven g aps.Com plete it by pu tti ng a word o rph rase from
the box b elow in eac h space .
although and as beca use but if sinceso
so that thatwhenwhere which who

Dea rAlbert,
I’m deligh ted .................... you are comi ng to Sing apo re nextm on th. Ithink it wou ld b e
grea t.................... you cou ld stay with m e and m y famil y,.................... send you their
bestwishes.O therwise,ifyou prefer,Ica n ea sily book you a chea p but com fortable
ho tel nea r the beac h
.................... you ca n b e m ore ind epend ent.There are lots ofthing s to do in m y city.IfI
were you, I’d spend som e days on the b eac h relaxing .................... on e or two d ays
sigh tsee ing in the city.There are several interesting m useum s and tem ples
.................... I’m sure you will enjoy.O ne
place you rea lly shou ld v isit is an exce llent them e park ca lled Sentosa,
.................... you ’ll want to spend the who le day.Also, you ough tto go to our
exce llent nigh t safari,.................... is abou tan hou raway by bu s.
You don ’t nee d to bring a lot of clothes
.................... the wea theris no rm ally warm and sunn y,and o fcou rse,rainy.However,in
the evening it’s a bit coo ler,
.................... you m ay n ee d a jersey and a jac ket.
Plea se let m e kno w exac tly .................... you 're comi ng .................... Ica n m ee tyou
at the airpo rt. It’ll be grea t to see you again so we ca n g etup -to-date with all our
news!
Love
M on ica
Dea rAlbert,
I’m deligh ted that you are comi ng to Sing apo re nextm on th. Ithink it wou ld be gr
e a tif you cou ld stay with m e and m y fam i l y,w ho send you their best wishes.
O therwise,ifyou p refer,Ica n ea sily book you a chea p bu tcom fortable ho telnea rthe
be a c h so/so that/w here you ca n be m ore ind epend ent.
There are lots ofthing s to do in m y city.IfIwere you, I’d spend som e days on the b eac h
relaxing and /before on e ortwo d ays sigh tsee ing in the city.There are several
interesting m useum s and tem ples w hich/thatI’m sure you will enjoy.O ne p lace you
rea lly shou ld v isit is an exce llent them e park ca lled Sentosa,
w here you ’ll wantto spend the who le day.Also, you ough t to go to ou r exce llent
nigh t safari,w hich is abou t an hou r away by bu s.
You don ’t nee d to bring a lot of clothes as/bec ause/since the wea ther is no rm ally
warm and sunn y, and of cou rse, rainy.However, in the evening it’s a bit coo ler,
so you m ay n ee d a jersey and a jac ket.Plea se let m e kno w exac tly w hen you 're
com i ng so/so that I ca n m ee t you at the airpo rt. It’ll be grea t to see you again
so we ca n g etup -to-date with all ou rnews!
Love
M on ica

Sam ple 9
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You eatatyo urcollege cafeter ia ever y lun chtim e.H ow ever, yo u think itnee ds
som e im prov em ents.
W rite a lett er to the college m aga zine.In yo u letter
explain w hat yo u like about the cafeter ia
say w hatis w rong w ith it
sugg esthow itcould be im prov ed
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dear................. ,
Com plete the sam ple lett er
The sam ple lettercon tains eigh tgaps.Com plete it by pu tti ng a word o rph rase from the
box b elow in eac h space .
annoy ing pu tright cou ld shou ld
enough un fortun ately
good
idea too hot
Dea rSir/M adam ,
I no rm ally ea t lun ch at the college ca feteria beca use it is rea son able price d,
conv enientand it has a friend ly atm osph ere.
There are, ho wever, a nu m ber of
deficiencies which I think shou ld be
.................... Firstly,although the stafftry to kee p the tables clea n, there are not
.................... workers atpea k tim es to clea rtheirtables them selves then they h ave
finished ea ting.
.................... , som e stud ents do no t bo therto do this. Also, there are a nu m ber of
stud ents who do no t wait in the qu eue to b e served, which is very .................... for
the m ajority o fus.Finally,Ithink the ca feteria cou ld h ave betterventil ation as it g e ts
.................... , espec ially in the summ er.

I think it wou ld be a .................... if m ore sign s were pu taround the ca feteria asking
stud ents to pu t their dirty p lates and cutlery on the trolleys prov ided and to
throw away theirleftov ers and rubb ish. Also, I think we .................... tell stud ents when
they are being anti-socialand jum ping the qu eue. Finally,.................... we plea se have
a few windo ws op en when thing s gettoo ho t?
You rs faithfully
Dea rSir/M adam ,
I no rm ally ea t lun ch at the college ca feteria beca use it is rea son able price d,
conv enientand it has a friend ly atm osph ere.
There are, ho wever, a nu m ber of
deficiencies which I think shou ld be pu trightFirstly,although the stafftry to kee p
the tables clea n, there are no tenough workers atpea k tim es to clea rtheirtables
them selves then they h ave finished ea ting.
Unfortun ately,som e stud ents do not bo therto do this.Also, there are a nu m ber o f
stud ents who do no twait in the qu eue to b e served, which is very ann oy ing for the
m ajority o f us. Finally, I think the ca feteria cou ld h ave betterventil ation as it g ets
too hot,espec ially in the summ er.
I think it wou ld be a goo d idea if m ore sign s were pu taround the ca feteria asking
stud ents to pu t their dirty p lates and cutlery on the trolleys prov ided and to throw
away theirleftov ers and rubb ish. Also, Ithink we should tell stud ents when
they are being anti-socialand jum ping the qu eue.Finally, could we plea se have a few
windo ws op en when thing s gettoo ho t?
You rs faithfully
Sam ple 10
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You hav e a full tim e job and are also doing a parttim e evening course.You now
find thatyo u can notcontinu e the course.
W rite a lett er to yo urtutor.In yo urlett er
descr ibe the situation

explain w hy yo u cann ot continu e at this tim e
say w hat action yo u w ould like to take
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dear................. ,
m od elan swer:
Dea rSirorM adam ,
M y nam e is M uh am ad Abdu l.Iam taking a part-tim e evening cou rse.Iam having a
hard tim e kee ping up with this cou rse. I
am afraid Ica nno tcon tinu e the cou rse.
M y p rob lem is, I have a full-tim e job, from 9am – 5p m . Som etim es,I am asked to
stay extra hou rs,to finish up the restof the work. Thatis beca use the ho lidays are
comi ng up soon. Also Ihave to do som e work p reparation s forthe nextday.
Atnigh twhen Igetho m e,Iam too tired to even prepare a dinn erform yself.Also I h ave
no tim e to study forthis cou rse.
Iwou ld like drop this cou rse this qu arter.Then take it again the nextqu arter.So, p lea se
acce ptm y situation.
Thank you foryou rcoop eration
Since rely
M .Abdul
(135 words)
This is an answerwritt en by a ca nd idate who ac hieved a Band 5 score.Here is the
exami ner's comm ent:
The rea son forwriti ng is very clea rin this letterbu tit is no tclea rwho the letteris to. The
writergives inform ation to cov erallthree bu lletpo ints, bu ton ly on e is wellextend ed,
and the who le respon se is und erlengh t at 135 words, so it loses m arks forthis.
The inform ation is organised and it is ea sy to follow the m ess age.A rang e of link ers is
used ac ross the answerand they are g enerally acc urate, bu tin som e place s,espec ially
the first paragraph, sentence s are no twell-link ed.
The rang e of vo ca bu lary is sufficient for the task and there are som e qu ite prec ise
exp ress ion s.There are no errors in word form , bu tsom e very b asic spelli ng err ors
occ ur.In term s ofgramm ar,the rang e is ratherlimit ed with m any v ery sho rtsentence s

and few com plex structures.G ramm aris generally well-con trolled, ho wever,with on ly a
few mi no rerr ors and o cca sion alinapp rop riate pun ctuation.
Sam ple 11
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
Your heighb ours hav e rece ntly w ritten to yo u to com plain aboutthe noise from
yo urhouselflat.
W rite a lett er to yo ur neighb ours. In
yo urletter
explain the re asons forthe noise
apolog ise
descr ibe w hataction yo u w ill take
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress es.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dear................. ,m od elan swer:Dea rJam es,
I was very sho cked to get you r letter
saying that the no ise from m y flat has b ee n spo ili ng you revening s and ca using you
som e distress .Iam rea lly,rea lly sorry abou tthat.Ihad no idea thatyou wou ld be able
to hea rso m uch, so Ihop e you willacce ptm y apo log ies.
As you m ay h ave gu ess ed, Iam trying to refit m y k itchen in the evening s when Iget
ho m e from work. Unfortun ately it is all g etti ng long er than exp ec ted and I have b ee n
having prob lem s with getti ng things to fit prop erly.This has m ea ntto a lotof b ang ing
and h amm ering.
As the kitchen is still no tfinished, Ihave d ec ided to ca ll in a profess ion albu ilderwho will
finish the work in the nextday or two. He’ll work on ly du ring d aytim e hou rs, so
you won ’t be disturbed in the
evening s again, Ipromi s.
Sorr y to h ave ca used these prob lem s,Bill .
(157 words)
Sam ple 12

You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You w ill m ov e to a new city for w ork.You kn ow som e people w ho live there .
A s k them for help find ing a cc omm odation
Tellthem w here yo u w ould like to live
Tellthem the type of place yo u are loo king for
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,m od elan swer:Dea rSir,
Iwanted to letyou kno w thatIam comi ng to live in (city)and Iwou ld like to ask if you
ca n h elp m e with a few thing s before Iarr ive and startm y n ew job.
Do you think you cou ld give m e a hand
find ing som ewhere to live? Idea lly I wou ld like to live close to where I am
go ing to b e working, o rin the do wntown d istrict.If po ss ible Iwou ld like to b e nea rsom e
shop s,like a sup erm arketand a DV D rental place . As I rea lly lov e spo rts itwou ld
be grea tto b e nea ra park too.
I’m no ttoo worr ied abou tthe place itself.O bv iou sly I will be look ing for a flat,rather
than a hou se,as it is justgo ing to be m e and Iwon ’tbe able to afford too m uch. So, a
place with on e bedroo m is fine, bu tIwou ld like to h ave a private bathroo m (not shared),
a kitchen and som e kind o fliving roo m .Itdo esn’tm atterifthe kitchen is sm all, bu tit
wou ld n ice to h ave on e. I wou ld p referto live som ewhere new,so any thing in a m od ern
apartm entblock wou ld b e grea t.
Thank s foryou rhelp
(206 words)
Sam ple 13
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
Yourcaris hire d from a com pany a nd w hile yo u are driving o n holiday, you hav e a
sm all acc ident.You w ill hav e to w rite a re portto the com pany to explain it.
You nee d to explain the follow ing:
1. W hen and w here yo u hire d it?

2. D e s c rib e how the acc identhapp ened?
3. W hatkind of action did yo u take a fter the acc ident?
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,m od elan swer:Dea rSir,
Iam a rece ntcustom erofyou rrentalcom pany h aving Irented a ca rfrom your
do wntown ou tletin Detroit.The ca rhired was an ec ono m y m od elvehicle which I rented
from M arch 21 stto the present.Iwou ld like to comm end you r com pany on
theirprofess ion alism and the service o ffered, and as such Iam sure you will h and le m y
incidentwith these qu aliti es.
Unfortun ately,Ihad an un avo idable acc identinvo lving the aforem ention ed v ehicle and
ano ther party. The acc ident was ca used by the otherca rfaili ng to stop atthe red ligh t
ofthe intersec tion Iwas p ass ing through, and as such the sec ond p arty colli ded into the
driver's side ofm y autom ob ile.The po lice were inform ed in situ, whereupon they
rec orded inform ation regarding the acc identand the other d river’s insurance details.
The po lice established the otherdriver's respon sibilit y forthe acc ident,and the sec ond
party's insurance com pany h as b ee n inform ed. Iwou ld like to requ est t hat
a replace m entvehicle be offered while m y currentvehicle is inca pac itated. O nce again, I
wou ld like to comm end your com pany 's profess ion alattit ud e.
You rs since rely (184 words)Sam ple 14
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
You cann otgo to a com pany w here you go tan off er. W rite a lett er to the H R
sup er visorto
Explain the re ason w hy yo u dec line the o ffer
1. Expre ss yo u gratitud e
2. Explain yo u like yo ur curre nt job v er y m uch.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,m od elan swer:Dea rSir,

Iwas a po tentialem ploy ee to who m you m ade a job offer. I wou ld like to extend m y
thank s forsuch an o ffer,espec ially atsuch a com pany as you rs.Itis, ho wever,with
dee pest regret that I m ust dec line you rgenerou s inv itation and apo log ize for
any inconv enience Im ay h ave ca used.
Iapp rec iate imm ensely the interview o rganize d by you rcom pany and the extensive
effortm ade by all the staffinvo lved. Their attit ud e was im press ive and high ly
comm end able.As such Im ust p ass m y since restapo log ies forany d ifficulti es related to
the extra work thatm usthave bee n invo lved, and the tim e wasted on you rbehalf.
Although the offerwas sub stantial,it wasn’tenough to encou rage m e to severthe bond s
with m y curr entem ploy er.During m y tim e atm y p resentcom pany m y sup eriors
suppo rted m e and fostered m y ca ree r.In sho rt,they m ade m e the em ploy ee Iam tod ay.
Iwou ld like to k ee p the lines of comm un ica tion op en b etwee n ou r two
parties, and look forward to furthercorrespond ence .
You rs since rely (174 words)Sam ple 15
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
You had a goo d m eal in a local re staurantw ith yo urfam ily. W rite a letter to
the new spaper to tell them a boutit,descr ibe the m ealyo u had, a nd w hy yo u
think the re staurantis w orth v isiting.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,m od elan swer:To the Editor,
Iam a long stand ing m em berofou rloca lcomm un ity and Iam writi ng a
rec omm end ation to other citi ze ns for one o fou rfine neighbou rhood d ining
establishm ents;The Lon e StarCafé.
There were m any im press ive attribu tes which struck m e upon m y entrance , such as
the déc orand am bience .Iparticularly enjoy ed the laidb ac k attit ud e ofthe place .Butfor
m y mi nd it was the service along with the size and qu alit y of the po rtions
thatwas m ostm em orable.
The service was profess ion alyetintim ate,and along with the shee rqu antit y o fthe
dishes served, m otivated m e to p ass on m y rec omm end ation. Ienjoy ed a stea k of
m amm oth p ropo rtion s and a giantfresh, crisp salad acc om panied by a selec tion of
app rop riately selec ted sea son alvegetables.The piece de resistance , ho wever,was the
rich Blac k Forestgatea u served as dess ert
–and all fora rea son able price .
Ihop e afterrea ding this, po tentialcustom ers will frequ entthis diner– Bon app etit e.
You rs truly

(161 words)
Sam ple 16
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite a lett er to com plain abouta situation in w hich som e adolesce nts lettheir
dog s run w ildly causing danger ous.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,m od elan swer:Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iam writi ng to d raw you rattention to a situation thathas bee n d evelop ing in m y
neighbou rhood.
Rece ntly,Ihave witness ed m any dog s on the loo se in the neighbou rhood.
The dog s,which are fierce look ing and not m uzz led, are given lice nse to run around the
neighbou rhood. They are intimi dating, espec ially to children and the elderly.Iam afraid
thatit’s justa m atteroftim e before som eon e gets seriou sly injured.
The owners ofthese dog s,a bun ch of ado lesce nts,see m to b e un aware ofthe d ang ers
ofletti ng theirpets offthe lea sh and h ave adop ted a non chalant attit ud e.The
tee nagers have bee n asked by nu m erou s loca ls to k ee p the dog s und ercon trolbu tall
requ ests have bee n igno red and the situation h as no tim prov ed. I therefore believe that
imm ediate ac tion m ust be taken and I ask that you inv estigate the m atterand
take app rop riate
ac tion as soon as po ss ible to preventthe o cc urr ence ofinjury and seriou s bod ily h arm .
(162 words)
Sam ple 17
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You ordere d a new chequ e boo k from yo urbank tw o w ee ks ago bu tyo u have
rece ived nothing.
W rite a lett er to the m anag ercom plaining a boutthe bad ser vice .Say w hen and
how yo u ordere d the chequ e boo k. Ask how m uch longer yo u w illhav e to w ait
and ask the m anag er w hat a ction he w ill take ov er this m att er .
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:

DearSir,m od elan swer:Dea rSir,
Iam writi ng to com plain abou tthe service thatIhave rece ived atyou rbank. Two wee ks
ago Iordered a chequ e book by filli ng ou tthe app rop riate form when I v isited the bank
bu tsince then Ihave not rece ived the chequ e book and Ihave rece ived no o ther
correspond ence from the b ank. Itis qu ite urgentform e as Ihave qu ite a few bill s thatI
nee d to pay thatca n
on ly b e paid by chequ e.
Plea se write to m e as soon as po ss ible and letm e kno w ho w m uch long erIwill have to
wait form y chequ e book and p lea se exp lain why Ihave had to wait so long. Iwou ld also
like to kno w what ac tion you are go ing to take regarding this bad service .
Ihave bee n a custom erofyou rbank now forfiftee n y ea rs and this is the firsttim e I h ave
had to com plain. Itis very d isappo inting.
Ilook forward to h ea ring from you soon. You rs since rely,
G raham Swann
(172 words)
Sam ple 18
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You w ould like to bu y som e elec trical goo ds ata shop in a nearby tow n.
W rite a lett er to the shop and ask ifthey hav e the things yo u w ant or w hether
they w ill be able to order them . Ask w hatthe price s are and how long they w ill
be able to hold the goo ds foryo u.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,m od elan swer:Dea rSir,
Iam writi ng to enqu ire ifyou h ave various elec trica lgood s thatIwantto bu y.Ihave tried
shop s in m y o wn town bu tthey don ‛t h ave exac tly whatIwant.
Iwantthe new Sony DVD player, a Tec hn ics turntable and a radio with long wave
ca pabilit y.Do you have these item s in stock o r,ifno t,will you b e able to o rderthem
soon ? Ialso n ee d to kno w whatprice you charge forthese item s.If you do h ave these
thing s,wou ld you b e able to ho ld them form e and forho w long ? Iam free this wee kend
and, ifyou have them ,Ica n
com e ov er on Saturday m orning to pay you and p ick them up.

Plea se write bac k to m e as soon as po ss ible atthe abov e add ress orca ll m e on
m y m ob ile nu m ber (07364 957 143 ). I look forward to h ea ring from you soon.
You rs since rely, PeterJervis
(159 words)
Sam ple 18
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You hav e bee n invited to attend an
inter view for a place stud ying a course in a college.Unfortun ately bec ause ofa
pre vious app ointm entyo u cann otcom e a tthe tim e they w ish.
W rite a lett er to the adm iss ions tutor a nd explain yo urposition.Apolog ise and
off er to com e on another day o rlater the sam e day.Ask also how long the
inter view w ill be and w hether there w illbe any tests du ring it.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir,
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Thank you very m uch foryou rletterdated
15 th M ay inv iti ng m e foran interview at you r college on W edn esday 2nd Jun e at
10 am . I am extrem ely sorr y bu t I am un able to com e to an interview atthattim e
beca use I have a m aths exam thatm orning. Itrea lly ca nno tImi ss this exam bu t
ofcou rse Irea lly wish to attend the interview with you. Is it po ss ible thatIcou ld com e to
the interview the sam e day bu tin the afternoon ? Faili ng that,Iwou ld b e able to com e
the nextday o rany d ay after.
Iwou ld also like to ask som e thing s about the interview.Iwou ld like to kno w how long it
will lastand also whetherIwill be requ ired to do any tests du ring it.
O nce again I apo log ise for no t being able to attend the interview atthe tim e thatyou
wanted and Ihop e Iwill be able to m ee twith you atano thertim e.
Ilook forward to h ea ring from you soon. You rs since rely,
Jam es Wa lker(179 words)Sam ple 19
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this

task.
A friend of yo urs is go ing on holiday soo n and has asked yo u to rec omm end
a
destination.
W rite a lett er to yo urfriend and rec omm end a goo d place fora holiday thatyo u
hav e visited before .Say w her e yo u w ent, w here yo u stay ed, w hat you can do
there and w hatthe foo d w as like.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSarah,m od elan swer:Dea rSarah,
Thank s for you r letter. I‛m glad you and the famil y are well.So, you ‛re think ing of
go ing on ho liday in the UK .W ell Ica n ce rtainly rec omm end on e destination for you. I
wenton e yea rto a place ca lled Lochinv erin the no rth westofScotland. It‛s qu ite a
long trip to get there as it‛s on ly abou t thirty mil es from the no rth coastbu tit‛s
worth it.
There are on ly a few place s to stay.There are two ho tels,the Kirkaig and the Ass ynt in
the ce ntre oftown, and a ca m psite just ou tside town. W e stayed atthe Kirkaig Hotelbu tI
kno w you and you rfamil y are k ee n ca m pers so you mi gh tpreferthe ca m ping op tion.
There is a lotto do bu tit‛s a bit depend ent on the wea ther.There‛s a bea utifulbeac h, a
go lfcou rse,the fishing is exce llentand there are fantastic hill s nea rby forwalking
in am az ing sce nery.If it‛s wetthere‛s a sm all cinem a in town bu tthat‛s abou tall.Take
som e bo ard g am es!
The food is typ ica lBriti sh in the ho tels but som e ofthe Scotti sh spec ialiti es are
fantastic.If you ‛re ca m ping though, food will be up to you!
Any way, I‛ve go t to go ou t no w and pick up the kids.W rite again ifyou n ee d any m ore
inform ation.
Regards,M ary
(222 words)
Sam ple 20
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.

You hav e justspenta w ee kend ata friend ’s house. W hen yo u re turned hom e,
yo u discov ere d yo u hav e left a coa tcontaining som e belongings in his house.
W rite a lett er to yo urfriend telli ng him thatyo u left the coa t.Tell him w hatthe coa t
loo ks like,w here yo u think yo u leftitand w hatw as inside it.M ake som e
sugg estions abouthow to g etitback.
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearJo hn ,
m od elan swer:
Dea rJohn,
I‛m bac k atho m e no w afterthatgrea twee kend atyou rhou se.Thank s very m uch for
pu tti ng m e up. Ihop e you ‛ll be able to com e and stay with m e som e tim e soon as well.
Unfortun ately Ileftm y n ew coatatyour hou se.Do you rem em berthe dark b rown on e
thatIwore when we wentwalking on Saturday afternoon ? Itis a New Look coatthatgo es
do wn to mi d-thigh level.Ithas a b lac k collar, d ark b rown bu tton s and large po ckets on
bo th sides. I think I left it on the hook s behind you rfron tdoo r.Do you rem em ber we
hung up ou r coats there when we go tbac k from ou rwalk?
It‛s qu ite im po rtantform e as Ihave m y walletin the inside brea stpo cketand m y d iary
in the righ tou tside po cket.Ihave a friend who is driving through you r town on
Thu rsday and h e will be qu ite nea ryour o ffice .Cou ld h e plea se collec tit from there? I
have given h im you roffice phone nu m berand h e will ca ll you on Thu rsday m orning. G ive
m e a ca ll ifthis is not po ss ible.
Any way,thank s again fora grea twee kend and Ihop e to see you soon.
Regards,Philli p
(208 words)
Sam ple 21
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You live in a roo m in college w hich you share w ith another stud ent.You find it v er y
difficult to w ork there bec ause he o rshe alw ay s has friend s visiting. They hav e
parties in the roo m and som etim es borr ow yo urthings w ithoutasking yo u.
W rite a lett er to the Acc omm odation O fficer atthe college and ask fora new roo m
nextter m .You w ould pre fer a single roo m .Explain yo urre asons.

You shou ld write atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write you r own
add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
DearSir/M adam ,m od elan swer1: Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iam writi ng to exp ress m y d iss atisfac tion with m y roo m -m ate.As you rkno w we share
on e roo m , I ca n no t study in the roo m atall any m ore ifIstill stay there.
She always has friend v isiti ng and h as p arties in the roo m . They m ake lots of no ise
and switch on the radio very loud ly,form e this env iron m entis very d ifficult to study and
Inee d a qu ietroo m .Even bo rr ows m y thing s withou tasking, it is v ery im po lit e.
Irequ estyou ca n g ive m e a new roo m next term beca use Ihave bee n asked herhas
parties in o therplace m any tim es they stil l h ave parties in the roo m . I rea lly ca n not
stay in the sam e roo m with h er.
Iwou ld b e gratefulifyou cou ld chang e m e a sing le roo m .
EXA MI NER CO MM ENT:(Band 5)
The answeris below the word limit and there is som e repetiti on o fthe task rub ric.
(Leng th is a comm on p rob lem in G eneralTraining scripts).Answers thatare sho rtlose
m arks beca use there is insufficient m aterialin the answerforthe exami nerto g ive
credit for acc urac y and coh erence .
Despite these prob lem s, the introdu ction to the letteris app rop riate and the pu rpo se
ofthe writeris clea r.The po ints are not always link ed tog etherwell and pun ctuation is
som etim es faulty.The sentence s are keptqu ite sim ple and mi stakes occ uras soon as
m ore com plex structures are attem pted.
m od elan swer2:
Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iam writi ng you to exp ress m y d iss atisfac tion with m y roo mm ate and requ estfor
ano theracc omm od ation n ext term .
M y m ain p rob lem is thatIca nno tstudy in m y roo m beca use m y roo mm ate always
has friend s visiti ng. He also h as parties which u sually end ea rly in the m orning, several
tim es a wee k. Furtherm ore, he o ften bo rr ows m y thing s withou tasking m e.

Ica nno tacce ptthis situation any long er.Espec ially b eca use Ihave very im po rtant
exam s nextterm and Irea lly m uststudy h ard. This is why Iwou ld be very grateful ifI
cou ld h ave ano therroo m nextterm .Itwou ld b e m ostconv enientform e not h aving to
share m y roo m with som eone else.
Iam look ing forward to hea ring from you soon.
You rfaithfully,
Ivan Sido rov
EXA MI NER CO MM ENT:(Band 7)
The answer is also sho rt. Although idea s are often p rov ided in the task rub ric,
ca nd idates are at liberty to includ e som e o ftheirown idea s in theiranswers.In this
ca se,the ca nd idate has attem pted to incorpo rate som e originalm aterial.The answer
rea ds qu ite fluently,is well o rganised and there is good u se of con jun ction s to link
po ints. There are som e gramm atica lerr ors bu tthese do not affec tthe rea dergrea tly
and there is evidence ofsom e m ore com plex sentence structures
Sam ple 22
You hav e just spent a w ee kend stay ing a tthe Lilo H otelin Adelaide.W hen you
gethom e yo u find thatyo u hav e left a bag a tthe hotel.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rM r.Sim pson,
Istayed in you rho telon the 23 rd and 24 th o fO ctob er.Iwas in Roo m 603. W hen I
arr ived ho m e, I discov ered that I had left
on e ofm y b ags atthe ho tel.Cou ld you p lea se chec k you rLostand Found Departm ent
and see ifm y b ag is there?
The bag is a sm all blac k lea ther, do cum ent ca se with a narr ow strap. Inside the bag, you
will find severalbu siness ca rds, a foun tain p en, a sm all add ress book, three cop ies ofa
bu siness propo saland a silver po cket ca lculator. These thing s are not v ery v aluable
in m on ey term s, bu tthey h ave a lotofperson alvalue.

Iwou ld app rec iate it ifyou cou ld con tac tm e as soon as po ss ible, p articularly since I
nee d the propo sals fora presentation this wee k. If you cou ld send the bag to m e by
cou rierservice ,Iwou ld b e m ostgrateful. I h ave arr ang ed to p ay forthe service .
Thank you foryou rhelp. You rs since rely,
M ichae lJohn son
Sam ple 23
You are w riting yo urfirstletter to a pen pal.Descr ibe yo urpre vious stud ies and
w ork exper ience ,yo urcurre ntactivities,hobb ies and intere sts.
Tell yo ur pen pal that yo u w ill be v isiting him /her .
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rM on ica ,
Hi! M y n am e is Jane Zhang, and I ob tained you rnam e and add ress from Pen
Pals Internation al.Iam very g lad to h ave this chance to write to you and bec om e
pen p als.
Let m e first introdu ce m yself. I’m curr ently working as a com pu ter p rog ramm erin
a large m ulti -nation alcom pany.Igradu ated from Tsinghua University with a Bac helor’s
degree in com pu terscience in July 1996. W hile Ienjoy m y curr entjob, I’m interested in
pu rsuing a M aster’s degree ,and hop e to b egin g radu ate stud ies next Septem ber.M y
hobb ies includ e listening to pop m usic
(espec ially U2), p laying the piano and erhu (a Chinese instrum ent),and p laying
tenn is.I’m also v ery interested in travelli ng, and h ave visited every p rov ince in Chinese
atlea ston ce .
This summ er,Iwill be travelli ng with m y m otherto California.She will be attend ing a
history con ference atthe University of California-Berkeley,and Ihave justrece ived
permi ss ion to go with h er. W e will stay in California for a total of 2 wee ks – from
Augu st2nd to 16 th, 1999. If you are free , I wou ld b e very h appy to m ee tyou in
person. Perhaps we cou ld spend a day o rtwo tog ether.
W ell,letm e finish h ere.Iam alrea dy ea gerly awaiti ng you rreply to this firstletter.
Plea se tell m e all abou tyou rselfand
you r interests.I hop e that we ca n bec om e good friend s.
You rs truly, M ichae lSam ple 24
O ne ofyo ur friend s w ants to app ly for a

job invo lving w orking w ith fore ign tee nag er s.
W rite a lett er of rec omm end ation for him /her .
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rSirorM adam ,
Ihave lea rned from you rnewspaperadv ertisem ent that you r ce nter is o rganizing an
internation alsumm erca m p for ov ersea s tee nagers, and you are look ing fora
bili ngu alass istanttutorto work with the children. I am writi ng to you to rec omm end
on e ofm y bestfriend s,Helen Wa ng, forthis po st.
Helen u sed to b e m y class m ate atBeiji ng Norm alUniversity,where she was alrea dy a
very ac tive organize rand p articipantin extrac urricularac tiviti es.W ith h er ou tstand ing
lea dership skill s and chee rful p erson alit y,she was elec ted chairperson of the Stud ent
Union severaltim es.
Busy as she was, she pass ed the College
Eng lish TestBand Six and com pleted h erm ajor– tee nage psycho logy – with an
exce llentschoo lrec ord. Upon g radu ation she was ass ign ed to b e a teac herin an
internation alhigh schoo lin Beiji ng, where she has bee n teac hing b ili ngu alless on s for
five yea rs.W hat’s m ore,she lov es herjob and enjoy s working with children. This has
won h ergrea tpopu larity am ong h erstud ents.
Therefore,Ido no thesitate to rec omm end h eras an idea lca nd idate forthe po styou
adv ertised. Iam sure you will m ake a wise d ec ision in h iring h er.
Since rely you rs,VictorLi
Sam ple 25
You w antto a pp ly forthe follow ing job. W rite a letter to M r.M oo re descr ibing yo ur
pre vious exper ience and explaining w hy yo u w ould be suitable forthe job.
W aiter /w aitre ss re qu ire d forevening w ork.Som e exper ience nece ss ary.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rM r.M oo re,
Re:Wa itress po siti on

Iam writi ng to exp ress m y interestin your rece ntly adv ertised po siti on fora waitress .
Enclosed with this letteris m y resum e,which further details of m y previous
exp erience and qu alifica tion s.
Noton ly do m y qu alifica tion s and work exp erience m ake m e a perfec t ca nd idate for
the job, m y person alit y is well suited to working as a waitress .Iam a very friend ly
person who ca n qu ickly establish rappo rtwith p eop le ofall ages.In m y lastwaitress job,
Ihad ov era do ze n repea tcustom ers eac h day.And, the fast-pace d env iron m entof
waiti ng on tables suits m e well, b eca use Ithrive on working und er p ress ure.In fac t,m y
form erbo ss was surprised at bo th m y incredible stami na and efficiency in dea ling
with custom ers’
orders.
Iwou ld like to m ee twith you atyour ea rliestconv enience ,to d iscuss the po ss ibilit y o f
working atyou rrestaurant. I ca n b e reac hed at 463 -9234 du ring the d ays and 924 -
6868 after6 p m .
Thank you foryou rcon sideration o fm y app lica tion. Ilook forward to m ee ting you in the
nea rfuture.
You rs since rely, M artha ScottSam ple 26
You hav e a friend w ho is about to enter
un iver sity, a nd he w ants yo u to a dvise him on w hich sub jec t to spec ialize in –
history, in w hich he is ver y intere sted, o rcom pu ter science ,w hich off er s bett er
job prospec ts.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rJohn,
You h ave asked m e form y adv ice con ce rning whetheryou shou ld study h istory o r
com pu terscience atun iversity,and Iwill try to m ake som e useful sugg estion s.
You m ust kee p in mi nd that, abov e all,
you r un iversity training is a preparation for you r future ca ree r. Therefore, your first
con sideration shou ld b e to study a sub jec twhich will bestequ ip you to ea rn a living.
There is no doub tthatthe field of com pu ters offers far wider job
oppo rtun iti es than h istory.
Besides,we are no w in the age ofthe high -tec hno logy revo lution. Forthe foreseea ble
future, no ton ly will it be nece ss ary for everyon e to b e com pu ter-lit erate,it willalso b e
nece ss ary forthem to be equ ipp ed with com pu terskill s m erely to ea rn a living !History,
I’m afraid, ho weverfascinating it m ay b e, o ffers few ca ree r p rospec ts.

O f cou rse, you don ’t have to devo te all you rtim e atun iversity to study ing
com pu ters and no thing else. O n the
con trary, I wou ld rec omm end that you k ee p you rrea ding o fhistory in you rspare tim e.
Thatway, you will find thatyour leisure hou rs are enriched while you p repare you rselffor
a worthwhile ca ree rin com pu ters.
You rs since rely, Jam es
Sam ple 27
Aft er being invo lved in an acc ident, you w ere loo ked aft er by a nother per son. W rite
a spec iallett er to expre ss yo urthank s.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rJohn,
Iam writi ng to exp ress m y h ea rtfelt g ratit ud e. I am referr ing to that un fortun ate
acc identthe otherday,when I was kno cked off m y bike by a taxi. If it h ad no tbee n
foryou rtim ely ass istance in g iving m e firstaid and taking m e to a n ea rby ho spital,Ifea r
thatthe con sequ ence s mi gh thave bee n m uch m ore seriou s.
The do ctorsays thatm y brok en leg is h ea ling well,and the bruises and cuts Isuffered
will soon b e com pletely b etter.In add iti on, the taxi com pany has agree d to
pay m y ho spital bill s. Everyon e agree s thatit was you rqu ick-witt ed respon se in that
em ergency that has lea d to this satisfac tory ou tcom e.
Although no wadays m any p eop le talk abou tthe nee d to b e un selfish and to h elp
others,we see very few peop le prac ticing whatthey p reac h. Butyou sho wed by your
selfless ac tion thatyou are an exce ption. Ifthere were m ore peop le like you, this
world wou ld b e a m uch n ice rplace .
You rs since rely, Ted
Sam ple 28
O ne ofyo urpen pals w ill shortly be v isiting yo urcity.Forsom e re asons, you can
not m anag e to m ee t him at the
airporton tim e.
W rite a lett er asking him to w aitforyou a tthe airportand tell him how to identify
yo u.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.

You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rM ary,
Iam very m uch look ing forward to your v isit to m y city.Justthink :afterall these y ea rs to
writi ng to eac h o ther,we willfinally have the chance to m ee t!However,I regret to
inform you that I will no t be
able to m ee tyou atthe airpo rtas soon as you arrive.
The rea son is thatyou rfligh twill arrive ea rly in the m orning, and the qu ickesttim e I ca n
get to the airpo rt will be abou t an hou rafteryou land. Plea se wait form e in the
arr ivalloung e.You shou ld be able to h ave brea kfastthere while you wait.
By the way,as we have neverm etIm usttell you ho w to rec ogn ize m e:Iam of m edium
heigh t and h ave a sm allm ustac he.In add iti on, Iwill be ca rr ying a copy o fthe m orning
newspapertucked und erm y leftarm .
Look ing forward to ou rfirstm ee ting. You rs since rely,
Harr y
Sam ple 29
Yourfind thatyo urstud y loa d is too heav y. W rite a letter to yo urcollege teacher
explaining w hy yo u nee d to w ithd raw from tw o courses.Ask ifitis poss ible to
obtain a re fund .
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rProf.Jam es,
Iam writi ng to form ally requ estto withd raw from two cou rses: Introdu ction to
Elem entary Edu ca tion (EDU 602 )and Teac hing M ethod s (EDU 619)
The m ain rea son forredu cing m y cou rse load is thatIam find ing it extrem ely d ifficult to
m anage six cou rses.In the b eginn ing o f the term , I was perhaps ov erly op timi stic
abou tjugg ling bo th m y full tim e stud ies and m y p arttim e job (20 hou rs/wee k).Beca use I
rea lly m ustwork p arttim e,Ihave no o thercho ice bu tto d ec rea se m y cou rse load. Iam
plann ing on taking the two cou rses du ring the summ ersem ester, if they are available,

so that Iwill be able to com plete all the cou rses for the degree prog ram by the
following y ea r.
I wou ld also like to requ est a tuiti on
refund, and hop e I am no t too late to rece ive the full reim bu rsem ent.Iam sorr y
for any inconv enience s I have ca used by this chang e in plans.This dec ision was not
taken ligh tly,and Ido app rec iate the kind con sideration you h ave sho wn to m e.Thank
you for you r attention to these requ ests.If you have any qu estion s,plea se fee l
free to con tac tm e at277 -9144. Ilook forward to h ea ring from you soon.
Since rely you rs,Jane CarterSam ple 30
As part of a stud ent social survey
projec t, yo u are orga nizing a group to v isit a historical exhibition in a sm all
tow n. W rite a letter asking for inform ation re ga rding such things as the contents
ofthe exhibition, a nd the dates ofits opening a nd closing, a nd ifthere are any
discoun ts ava ilable.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Iam organizing a group ofstud ents to pay a visit to the historica lexh ibiti on in your
town. This visit will be part of our schoo l’s ac tiviti es to encou rage the
stud ents to take partin socialsurveys.Therefore,Iwou ld b e gratefulifyou cou ld supp ly
m e with the following inform ation.
Firstofall,whatare the dates betwee n which the exh ibiti on will be held, and what
the daily op ening hou rs? Sec ond ly,what is the size of the exh ibiti on, what is its them e
and whatob jec ts are on d isplay? Thirdly, are there any o ther ac tiviti es b eing h eld in
conn ec tion with the exh ibiti on?
Im ustpo intou tthatIhop e to b ring ov erstud ents to the exh ibiti on. So Iwou ld like to
inqu ire ifthere is any d iscoun tavailable on entrance tickets forstud ents.If so, how
m uch is the discoun tand whatis the mi nim um nu m berofstud ents nece ss ary to qu alit y
forit?
Ilook forward to you rreply. You rs since rely,
G eorge M oo re
Sam ple 31

You live in a roo m in a college w her e yo u share w ith another stud ent. You
find itver y diff icultto w ork ther e bec ause yo urroo mm ate alw ay s has friend s
visiting. H e/Sh e has parties in the roo m and som etim es borr ow s yo urthings
w ithoutasking yo u.
W rite a lett er to the Acc omm odation O fficer atthe college and ask fora new roo m
nextter m .You w ould pre fer a single roo m .
Explain yo urre asons.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rSirorM adam ,
Iam writi ng to inform you thatIwish to m ov e into a new roo m nextterm .Iwou ld p refera
sing le roo m ,as Ifind the present sharing arr ang em entinconv enient.
Im ustexp lain thatthe rea son form y d iss atisfac tion is m y roo mm ate’s incon siderate
behavior.Foron e thing, h is friend s are con stantly visiti ng him , for
ano ther, he regu larly ho lds no isy parties.In add iti on, h e som etim es bo rr ows m y
thing s withou tasking m e.In these circum stance s,Ifind it difficult to con ce ntrate on m y
stud ies, and I am falli ng b ehind in m y ass ign m ents.
Iam sure you will agree thatthe on ly solution is form e to m ov e into a roo m of m y o wn,
where Iwill be free from such d istrac tion s.Therefore,Iwou ld b e grateful ifyou cou ld
find a sing le roo m form e, p referably no tin the sam e bu ilding bu tas n ea rto the college
ca m pu s as po ss ible.
You rs since rely, Janice Kenn edy
Sam ple 32
You w entto the localhospital’s Em er gency Departm ent w ith yo ur yo un g child
w ho had severe stom ach pains.You had to w aitfor alm ostfourhours before yo ur
daughter w as tre ated by a doctorand ,w hile yo u w ere w aiting, yo u w ere
constantly ignore d by the o ther staff.
W rite a lett er to the Registrar,com plaining a boutthe ser vice you rece ived.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 20 m inu tes for this task.

You do not nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
B egin yo ur letter as follow s: Dear
SirorM adam . . . ,
m od elan swer:
Dea rSirorM adam
Iam writi ng to com plain abou tthe trea tm ent m y d augh ter and I rece ived when we
visited the ca sualty departm ent in you rho spitallastwee kend.
During the afternoon, m y d augh ter d evelop ed severe pains in the stom ac h. Beca use it
was Sund ay,m y no rm aldo ctor was no tin h is surgery,so we wentto the ho spital
ca sualty d epartm ent.W hen we reac hed the Enqu iry coun ter, it was obv iou s that
m y daugh ter was un well as she was screa mi ng with pain. However,
the Rece ption ist just told us to sit do wn and wait.
O ver the next fou r hou rs, I con stantly asked ho w long it wou ld take for a do ctor to
see m y d augh ter, bu tthe Rece ption istwas qu ite rud e and d idn ’t see m to ca re v ery
m uch. Eventually, we did see a do ctor and m y littl e girl had to und ergo tests to see if
she had app end iciti s.However,Iwas rea lly ang ry b eca use the do ctorsaid h e had no t
see n anyon e forov eran hou r,so the Rece ption ist wasn’t do ing her job
prop erly.
I wou ld b e grateful if you cou ld inv estigate this terr ible service to m ake sure it
do esn’thapp en again.
You rs faithfully
Comm ent:
This letterwas writt en by a native Eng lish spea ker,and it is occa sion ally good for
stud ents to see whata native spea kerca n ac hieve in the given writi ng tim e.
Sam ple 33
You hav e bee n offere d a job, a sking you to start next w ee k. You w ant the job
ver y m uch bu t,bec ause ofa pre vious comm itm ent, yo u w antto delay the startfor
another tw o w ee ks.
W rite to the M anag er , a cce pting the job,bu texplaining yo ursituation and asking
forthe change to yo urstartdate.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 20 m inu tes for this
task.
You do not nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .

B egin yo ur letter as follow s: Dear
SirorM adam . . . ,
m od elan swer
Dea rSirorM adam
Iam writi ng to requ estpu tti ng o ffthe job which you h ave offered. Irea lly wantthe job bu t
Ihave a im po rtantprevious commitm ent.So, Ica nno tstartto work n extwee k.
Iwas offered the job y esterday,which wanted m e to start next wee k. Thank you so
m uch foroffering the job. Irea lly want
to work atyou rcom pany.However, I ca nno tstartnextwee k b eca use Ihave a p reviou s
commitm entwhich is m y sister's wedd ing. Itis nextwee kend, b esides.She lives in
Korea and she wantm e to p repare h erwedd ing with m y p arents.So Ihave to go to
Korea nextM ond ay.Afterthe wedd ing Iwill travela few days with m y p arents who
wanted m e to travelbeca use I h ave lived for4 y ea rs farfrom ho m e.Thatis why Ica nno t
startthe work n extwee k. I will com e bac k to Sydn ey two wee ks later.Iwou ld like to
delay the startforano thertwo wee ks.Cou ld you d elay the startdate form e?
O nce again, thank you v ery m uch for o ffering it.Ilook forward to h ea ring from you as
soon as po ss ible.
You rs faithfully
Comm ent:
This lettersho ws fluency, and includ es som e variety in vocabu lary and ex press ion s.
Howeve r,there is also som e repetiti on and som e errors in g ramm ar,such a s the
following:
1. Cho ice ofthe typ e ofarticle when the following word b egins with a vo welsound
(line 1)
2. Verb tense (line 2)
3. Incorrectlink age (r eplace relative clause)(line 3)
4. Incorrec tuse ofvo ca bu lary (line 5)
5. M iss ing p repo siti on (line 7)
6. W ord o rder(line 7)
7. Incorrec tvo ca bu lary (line 8)
8. Incorrec ttim e exp ress ion s (line 8)

9. Agree m ent:link ing of ‘it’to related singu larnoun (line 1)
Sam ple 34
A friend yo u m etlastyearhas invited yo u to v isitthem in theircoun try.
You hav e never bee n there before and nee d som e inform ation before yo u leav e.
W rite a lett er to yo urfriend .In yo urlett er
requestadvice about a gift for his/her fam ily
ask aboutactivities and clothing
find outaboutthe food
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rRob ert,
Hithere,Ihop e you 're enjoy ing your college yea r.Thank s very m uch forasking m e to
com e and visit you in Sing apo re.As you kno w, I haven't travelled to Asia
before,so Ithough I'd write and ask you a few qu estion s.
Iwantto bring a presentwith m e and Iwond ered whatwou ld b e app rop riate.Perhaps
you cou ld letm e kno w whatyour m um 's hobb ies are and then Icou ld com e up with an
idea based on on e ofthem .
Also, whatsortofclothes shou ld Ibring ? I kno w it's pretty warm where you live but do
Inee d jum pers ora coat? whatsortof ac tiviti es are we likely to do while I'm there
and shou ld Ibring thing s like swimmi ng gea rortrainers.
Lastly, Ihate to b e nu isance bu tIhop e you rem em berthatI'm vegetarian. Ido ea tfish
and egg s bu tIdon 'tea tred m ea tand chicken at all. Is that go ing to be a
prob lem ?
Look forward to h ea ring from you. Barnaby
Sam ple 35

You hav e rece ived a lett er from yo urbank , a sking yo u to a ckn ow ledge rece ipt o fa
new bank card.H ow ever,the card w as m iss ing from the envelope.
W rite a letter to the bank 's head off ice .In yo urletter
explain w hy yo u are w riting
expr e ss concer n about the m iss ing card
ask them w hatthey intend to do
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Iam writi ng to inform you thatIrece ived a letterfrom m y b ank tod ay,which was
suppo sed to con tain m y n ew bank ca rd. Unfortun ately there was no b ank ca rd enclosed
in the env elop e when Iop ened it.
Itelephon ed the bank to exp lain the p rob lem , bu tIcou ld no tgetthrough to the righ t
departm ent,even though Iwaited on the line forov erhalfan hou r,which was extrem ely
annoy ing.
In the letter, you asked m e to ac kno wledge the rece iptofthe ca rd, bu tobv iou sely I
ca nno tdo this as Ihave no trece ived it.Iam no w very worr ied b eca use it is a po ss ibilit y
that m y ca rd h as gon e to ano thercustom erorgo tlost.W hatwill h app en if
som ebody h as alrea dy u sed the ca rd and and spentm y m on ey? W ill the b ank repay
m e?
Is it po ss ible forthe bank to ca nce lthis ca rd so nobody else ca n u se it? Cou ld you also
send m e a new ca rd by sec ure m ea ns?
Ihop e to h ea rfrom you soon.
Sam ple 36
You borr ow ed an im portant textbook from a class m ate lastter m .
You now re alise yo urclass m ate has re turned hom e ov er seas and yo u stillhav e the
boo k.
W rite a lett er to him /her .In yo urletter

apolog ise fro the m istake
find out how im portant the boo k is to him /her
say w hatyo u w ill do
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rYuk i,
I hop e you had a safe jou rney bac k to
Japan, and thatyou rfamil y are all well.
Iam writi ng to say thatI'm sorr y fornot g iving you b ac k the book 'Eng lish G ramm arin
Use'which Ibo rr owed from you lastterm .You lentit to m e justbefore the exam s to
help m e prepare for them ,and y esterday Ifound it und erm y b ed.
Plea se letm e kno w straigh taway ifyou n ee d this book foryou rstud ies righ tno w, o r
whetheryou ca n m anage withou tit.
If you rea lly nee d it,Ica n po st it for you by airm ail imm ediately. If no t, do you
mi nd if I send it by ordinary m ail as it qu ite hea vy ? O r,ifyou p refer,Ica n send
sem e m on ey insea d. Plea se letm e know whatyou wantm e to do.
Ihop e you enjoy the ho liday.
Sam ple 37
You hav e see n an adver tisem ent for part-tim e w ork in a hotelfor three m onths
ov er the summ er .
W rite a lett er to the M anag er .
In yo urletter
say w hatexper ience yo u have
ask w hatthe w ork invo lves

enqu ire aboutcond itions
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Iam writi ng to enqu ire abou tthe part-tim e po siti on as a waiteradv ertised in 'The
Evening Echo 'on 24 th Jun e.
I am look ing for work in the m on ths of July and Augu stbeca use m y un iversity
vaca tion is then. Ihave qu ite a lotof exp erience in the ho telbu siness ,as Iwas working
in a gu esthou se lastyea r.The job invo lved d ea ling with g eusts,and Ivery m uch
enjoy ed it. I ca n supp ly reference s o fm y p reviou s em ploy erifyou requ ire them .
Cou ld you p lea se letm e kno w whatthis po siti on invo lves? Atthe gu esthou se,Iworked
as a po rterand also Idid som e work as a waiterin the restaurant,so I wou ld b e
interested in eitherofthese job s.Cou ld you give m e an idea ofthe working
hou rs? Iam available atthe wee kend s as well as du ring the wee k, and I ca n work
any hou rs. However, I wou ld p refer d aytim e to shifts,ifpo ss ible.Cou ld you also
tell m e abou tacc omm od ation for em ploy ee s and ho w m uch you p ay.
Iwou ld app rec iate hea ring from you. You rs faithfully
Sam ple 38
You hav e rece ntly bee n to stay w ith an o ld friend for a few day s. You hadn 't
see n each other fora long tim e.
say how yo u feltaboutthe visit
referto som ething enjoya ble that
yo u did w hile stay ing w ith him /her
invite yo urfriend to v isityou
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.

yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rXX ,
I'm writi ng to thank you fora rea lly enjoy able visit. It was good to see you afterso
long, and to b e able to spend som e tim e with you, talking abou t old
schoo lfriend s and teac hers.
Now thatI'm bac k ho m e,Ikee p think ing abou tho w good it was to b e som ewhere qu iet
and peace ful.Iparticularly enjoy ed ou rtrip to the wildlife sanctuary and app rec iated the
oppo rtun ity to see so m any rare birds and anim als.It's m ade m e think thatIshou ld try
and do m ore to p rotec tthem ,so I'm having a look on the internetto see whatsortof
organisation there are.
Perhaps nexttim e we gettog etheryou cou ld com e and v isit m e.There are plenty o f
place s we ca n go and m y b rotherwou ld rea lly like to see you. Letm e kno w when you
mi gh tbe free to com e here and we ca n fix som ething up.
Look forward to h ea ring from you soon.
Sam ple 39
Forthe pastyearyo u hav e bee n a m em ber ofa localclub .Now yo u w antto
discontinu e yo urm em ber ship.
W rite a lett er to the club secre tary.
In yo urletter
state w hat type of m em ber ship you hav e and how yo u hav e paid forthis
g iv e details of how yo u have benefited from the club
explain w hy yo u w antto leave
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this
task.
yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:

Dea rSir,
In Septem ber2003, Ijoined you rSpo rts and Socialclub as a full-tim e stud ent m em ber.
Since then Ihave paid the m on thly m em bership fee s by d irec tdebitfrom m y b ank :
Nation wide in Sand erson Avenu e,Kingh ill .
Ihave tho rough ly enjoy ed m y club m em bership as it has prov ided m e with u seful
oppo rtun iti es to m ee tup with o ther young peop le and to participate in a
nu m ber of social ac tiviti es. I have also b ee n fortun ate enough to p lay in som e of the
inter-club tenn is tou rnam ents and h ave taken adv antage ofthe variou s class es available
such as Yog a and T'aichi.
However, m y stud ies are no w comi ng to an end and as Iwill sho rtly b e returning to
m y ho m e coun try, po ss ibly forgood, I regretthatIno long erwish to con tinu e m y
m em bership.
Iwou ld b e grateful,therefore,ifyou cou ld con firm in writi ng that the m on thly fee will
no long erbe dedu cted from m y b ank acc oun t.
Sam ple 40
You rece ntly stay ed in a hotelin a large city. The w eather w as ver y unu sual for
the tim e ofyearand the heating/coo ling system in the hotel w as qu ite
inadequ ate.
W rite a lett er to the m anag er ofthe hotel.
In yo urletter
give details ofw hatw as w rong
explain w hat yo u had to do to ov erc om e the problem atthe tim e
say w hat action yo u w ould like the m anag er to take
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,

Ihave justreturned ho m e afterspend ing three nigh ts atyou rho telin Padd ing ton. The
staffwere very friend ly and the loca tion was extrem ely conv enient.However,Ifee lI
m ustexp ress m y d isappo intm entabou tthe roo m .
As we all kno w,London is exp eriencing a v ery warm summ erthis yea r,with
tem peratures around 30 ° C last wee k, which is qu ite unu sual.As a result,it was v ery
ho tin m y roo m on the sixth floo r.
Beca use ofthe extrem e hea tin the roo m , I h ad to lea ve the windo ws op en all night
and so it was very no isy,as the ho telis on a m ain road and the traffic neverstop s in
London. Con sequ ently,Igo tvery littl e slee p ov erthe three nigh ts.
Ithink it wou ld b e a good idea to install an aircond iti on ing system in the ho tel.This cou ld
also b e used as a hea ting system in the winterand wou ld ce rtainly m ake the roo m s
m ore com fortable.Perhaps you wou ld con sidergiving m e a discoun tifIcom e to you r
ho telagain.
Ilook forward to h ea ring from you. You rs faithfully
Sam ple 41
You hav e rece ntly heard thata friend of yo urs has had som e problem s as a re sult
ofsom e unu sualw eather. W rite a lett erto yo urfriend .
In yo urletter
expr e ss concer n (i.e. say yo u are sorr y to hearw hathas happ ened)
tell them abouta sim ilarexper ience thatyo u once had
give som e advice oroffer help
You should w rite atleast80 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rAnn a and Leo,
W e were sho cked to h ea rfrom Lara about the storm that hit you r city rece ntly and
the dam age don e to you r hou se. How awfulto com e ho m e from you rho liday to find
the roo fblown o ff the hou se!
Iund erstand ho w you m ustfee l,as we had a simil arexp erience a few yea rs ago when
there was a sudd en elec trica lstorm here in Sydn ey.Ica m e ho m e from work to find that

a tree had fallen on top o fthe hou se and all the windo ws were brok en. Fortun ately the
insurance cov ered the cost o fthe repairs, bu tit was still very up setti ng.
Isuppo se you h ave to think po siti vely in situation s like this and look at the
oppo rtun ity you h ave to im prov e your hou se -give it a new look. If we ca n do any thing
foryou in the ho lidays,we'd be h appy to h elp.
Drop u s a line and letus kno w.Bestwishes
Sam ple 42
You rece ntly v isited a place thathad a strong im pacton yo u.
W rite a lett er to a friend about the place .In yo urlett er
explain w here the place w as and how yo u go tther e
descr ibe w hatyo u saw
off er to take yo urfriend ther e
m od elan swer:
Dea rSam ,
I have just returned from m y ho lidays in France and while we were there we
clim bed a m oun tain ca lled 'Parlem an' in the French Alps. W e were able to drive
halfway up the m oun tain bu tthen the road stopp ed. So we parked, pu ton ou rwalking
boo ts and b egan the long uph ill strugg le.Despite ofthe road atthe begining, it stil l
took us a while to com plete the clim b but it was well worth the effort.W hen we got to
the top of the m oun tain, the view was incredible. I cou ld see righ t ac ross the
town and the lake to on e side,and on the o therside were the sno w-cov ered pea ks of
M on tBlanc.Itwas sim ply b rea thtaking.
As you kno w,we often go to France on our ho lidays and n exttim e we plan a trip, I'd
rea lly like to take you there.I'm sure you wou ld lov e the sce nery and as you enjoy
exercise, you wou ld b e able to take adv antage ofall the m oun tain walks.
Ihop e to h ea rfrom you soon.
Sam ple 43
You rece ntly too k a part-tim e job w orking for a local com pany. Aft er a few
w ee ks, yo u re alised there w ere som e problem s w ith the job.
W rite a lett er to the m anag er ofthe com pany. In yo urletter

explain w hy yo u too k the job
describe the problem s that you exper ience d
sugg estw hat could be done aboutthem
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
I have bee n a part-tim e fitness instructor in you r gy m for fou r m on ths. I was
plea sed to b e offered the job, no ton ly b eca use I nee d to ea rn som e extra m on ey to
cov erm y living exp enses bu talso b eca use Inee d som e exp eriense in fitness training.
Ithas bee n obv iou s to m e thatpeop le often
nee d h elp in u sing the gym equ ipm ent.However, it see m s that the o thertrainers
have no tbee n encou rage to o ffer ass istance to club m em bers. I offeras m uch as I
ca n, bu tthis m ea ns thatIam con stantly in d em and and therefore,working h arderthan
anyon e else in the gy m .This situation see m s ratherun fair.
W hile I rea lise that m em bers rece ive initi algy m instruction, Ifee lthatthey also n ee d
ongo ing h elp with the equ ipm ent.Cou ld Isugg estthata letteris sentto trainers
prom oting this? Afterall,person alattention o fthis kind m akes peop le fee l v alued and
m ay result in increa sed m em bership.
You rs faithfully
Sam ple 44
A friend has asked yo u to babysiton Saturday a nd w ants to kn ow how m uch yo u
charge per hourforthis.Unfortun ately, yo u alre ady hav e a comm itm entthis
w ee kend and cann ot help.H ow ever, yo u free the follow ing w ee kend .
W rite a lett er to yo urfriend exlaining thatyo u are notable to help this tim e,bu t
could help later.Explain also w hat yo urfee forthe ser vice is.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
You do not nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rXX (nam e ofcollea gu e)

Thank you for asking m e to baby sit for you. As you kno w Ienjoy look ing after
Anthony and wou ld b e happy to help you ou t.However,this wee kend Ihave a
commitm entwhich Ica nno tbrea k.
M y p arents are comi ng to v isit and Iam go ing to take them do wn to the coastas I h ave
always promi sed to do. They are g etti ng o lderso Ilike to spend as m uch tim e with them
as po ss ible.Also, it is m y father's birthd ay and Iwantto ce lebrate with them .Iam
rea lly sorr y thatIam not
able to h elp this tim e, bu tIam free next wee kend and Iwou ld b e glad to b aby sit for you
then, if you shou ld choo se to go out forthe evening.
M y charge is fiftee n do llars perhou run tilmi dn igh tand twenty do llars perhou rafterthat.
You wou ld nee d to give m e any spec ialinstruction s you mi gh thave and, of cou rse,
lea ve a phon e nu m berin ca se of em ergency.
You rs since rely
Sam ple 45
You hav e justre nted an un furnished flat a nd a friend has told yo u thatthe
O pp ortun ity Sh op in the shoping ce ntre has cheap sec ond -hand furniture .
W rite to the shop ow ner descr ibing w hat yo u nee d and asking w hether they have
these item s and w hatthey cost.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
You do not nee d to w rite yo ur ow n a dd re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir/M adam
Ihave justarr ived from ov ersea s and n ee d to h ave som e furniture form y un furnished
flat.A friend has told m e thatyou have som e chea p sec ond -hand furniture forsale.
Perhaps you ca n h elp m e.Iwou ld like a k itchen table, som e chairs, a doub le bed, as
well as a sing le bed fora visitor, a cupbo ard for ou r clothes,and a book ca se.If you
sell ho m e app liance s,Iwou ld like a mi crowave ov en, a fridg e, TV set and a CD
playertoo. These m ustall be clea n and the elec trica litem s m ustbe in good working
cond iti on with a gu arantee ofatlea stthree m on ths.
Iwou ld b e gratefulifyou cou ld g ive m e som e price s forthese item s.If you do not supp ly
elec trica lgood s,ca n you rec omm end ano ther shop which do es? Also, cou ld you let
m e kno w whatyou wou ld charge to d elivergood s to High Stree t.

Thank you foryou rhelp. Ilook forward to h ea ring from you.
You rs faithfully
Sam ple 46
You are an inter nationalstud entand hav e borr ow ed a boo k from the local pub lic
library.
You left the boo k on a bu s and w hen you contacted the bu s com pany,they could
notfind it.
W rite a lett er to the librarian explaining the situation and asking w hat you
should do.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes
on this task.
m od elan swer:
Lastwee k Ibo rrowed an Eng lish g ramm ar book, "Eng lish G ramm arExercises"from you r
library to h elp m e im prov e m y kno wledg e ofEng lish. Itwas extrem ely u seful,so when I
wentto visit a friend Itook the book with m e to sho w herhow good it was.
Unfortun ately, when I was on the bus go ing ho m e,Ifell aslee p and mi ss ed m y bu s
stop. Iwok e up atthe nextstop and rushed forward to the driverto ask h im to stop bu t
forgo t to b ring the book. As a result,the book was lefton the bu s.W hen Irang the
bu s com pany the nextday,they
cou ld no tfind it and sugg ested thatsom ebody m usthave picked it up.
Cou ld you p lea se letm e kno w whatIhave to do no w? As I am an internation al
stud ent I do no t have very m uch m on ey, bu tofcou rse Iwill pay fora new copy of the
book ifthis is nece ss ary.
You rs faithfully
Sam ple 47
You ce lebrated yo urbirthd ay w ith som e friend s last w ee k in a re staurant.It w as a
gre atsucce ss and yo u and yo urfriend s enjoy ed the evening v er y m uch.
W rite a lett er to the re staurantto thank them .Me ntion the foo d,ser vice and the
atm osph ere . Also sugg est any im prov em ents to m ake things better .
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.

You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Lastwee k on Saturday n igh tsom e friends and Ihad d inn erin you rrestaurantto
ce lebrate m y b irthd ay.Iam writi ng to thank you for the grea t evening that we h ad.
All m y friend s rem arked afterwards on the stand ard o fthe food and service thatwe
rece ived. All the food was very tasty and well presented. O urwaiter,who se nam e was
Jam es,was fastand friend ly and put with well with ou rbad jok es!The restaurant itself
was warm and friend ly and the atm osph ere sho wed thatall the d iners there were
enjoy ing theirevening.
Iwou ld like though to sugg estone im prov em ent.O ne ofm y friend s is a v egetarian and
he felt thatthe cho ice for v egetarians was littl e sm all.If you cou ld d evelop that,it wou ld
be a grea tadv antage to you rrestaurant.
O nce again Iwou ld like to thank you for m y h igh ly enjoy able birthd ay d inn er.
You rs faithfully,
Rebecca Ahlind er
Sam ple 48
You are go ing to stud y in a college in the UK next year.You w ould like to stay in a
college H all ofResidence .
W rite a lett er to the college giving yo ur a cc omm odation re qu ire m ents.You should
outline w hatyo urroo m and food nee ds are and also a sk w hatalter natives a re
ava ilable if they cann ot prov ide w hatyo u w ant.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur
ow n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Respec ted Sir,
I have just rece ntly bee n awarded a plac e atyou restee m ed college and Ino w write
with respec tto m y acc omm od ation requ irem ents form y firstiniti alyea r.

As Iwill no tkno w anyon e atthe College,Iwou ld like to spend m y firstyea rin a Hall o f
Residence so thatIca n m ee tpeop le in this place .Iwou ld preferthe Hall to be a sing le
sex fem ale on ly h all and with full bo ard so thatIwon 'thave to worr y about cook ing for
m yself.In add iti on Ialso requ ire a vegetarian cho ice as Iam v egetarian. If there are
no halls offering
the abov e then I wou ld be satisfied in a h all with k itchens so I ca n cook. In
add iti on Iwou ld no tlike to share m y room and Iwou ld p referen suite fac iliti es ifyou
have halls offering this.
Thank ing you foryou rass istance in adv ance ,Ilook forward to h ea ring from you soon.
You rs since rely, Ann a da Silva Sam ple 49
Last w ee k yo u w ere on a flight to
Lond on. Unfortun ately, w hen yo u leftthe plane,yo u left a bag. You did not
re m em ber aboutthe bag un til yo u go tto
yo urhotel.
W rite a lett er to the airline. Explain w hat has happ ened, descr ibe the bag a nd
its contents and say w hatyo u w ould like them to do a boutit.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Iam writi ng in conn ec tion with a bag that
Ilefton on e ofyou r planes.Lastwee k on
Tuesday 4 th M ay Ica m e to London on fligh tABC from New York. M y sea t nu m berwas
R5. The plane arrived late at n igh t and I was tired. As a result when I go tho m e,I
rem em bered thatIhad leftm y b ag on the plane und erthe sea tin fron tof m e.
M y b ag is sm all and m ade ofblac k lea therwith a zip op ening the top. Inside the bag
there is a pen, a paperbac k Iwas rea ding, som e ca rkeys and m y d iary.
Therefore wou ld you rlostprop erty d epartm entplea se chec k and see ifthey h ave m y
bag and con tac tm e as soon as po ss ible to letm e kno w whetherthey have found it or
no t?
You ca n con tac t m e on m y m ob ile
telephon e nu m ber which is: 01753 853

736.
Thank ing you in adv ance for you r help, I
look forward to h ea ring from you soon. You rs since rely,
John Smit h
Sam ple 50
You hav e just re turned hom e aft erliving w ith a fam ily in an English-speaking
coun try forsix m onths.
You now re alise thatyo u left a sm all bag o fper sonalposs ess ions in yo urroo m .
W rite to the fam ily descr ibing the things yo u left behind .Ask them to send
som e ar all of them to yo u. O ffer to
cov er the costs.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rM r.and M rs.Hoop er,
Ihop e you are all well.The fligh tho m e see m ed very long bu t m y famil y all ca m e to
m ee tm e atthe airpo int,which was fantastic. Thank you so m uch for having m e -I
enjoy m y tim e with you v ery m uch.
Ihave a favou rto ask. W hen Igo tho m e, I rea lised thatIhad lefta sm all blac k h andb ag
in m y bedroo m .You m ay reca llthatIbough tm yselfa new bag while Iwas in Sydn ey
and I'm pretty sure Ipu tthe old on e und erthe bed.
Idon 'trea lly n ee d the bag bu tsom e ofthe thing s inside are ofsentim entalvalue and I
wou ld b e very g ratefulifyou cou ld send them to m e.There is a red add ress book, a
sm all lea ther walletwith som e pho tos and a silvernec klace .Non e ofthe otherthings
are im po rtantso p lea se don 'tworr y about them .Cou ld you p lea se letm e kno w how
m uch the po stage is and I will send you the m on ey to cov erthe cost.
Look ing forward to h ea ring from you soon. Thank you on ce again foryou rhelp.
Lov e to all the famil y. M aria
Sam ple 51

You are unh app y a bouta plan to m ake yo ur local airport bigg er and incre ase
the nu m ber offlights.You live near the a irport.
W rite a letter to yo ur local new spaper.In yo urlett er :
•explain w here yo u live
•descr ibe the problem
•give re asons w hy yo u do not w ant this developm ent.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iam writi ng with regard to the article in you rnewspaperdated 7 th Septem ber.M y hou se
is situated within 20 mi nu tes walk o fthe airpo rt.Plea se allow m e to po intout the
prob lem s which h ave ca used serious d am age on the residentialarea .Iam fully sure
thatthe prob lem s m ustbe agg ravated
ifthe plan is ca rried ou tto exp and the airpo rtand Increa se the nu m beroffligh ts.
Firstofall,the low-flying ae rop lanes are u tterly d istrac tive.They m ake such a big no ise
thatIca nno tcon ce ntrate on hou sework atall.W hatis worse,Iam wok en up by the late
hou rfligh ts atmi dn igh t; Iwas diagno sed as Insom nia the o therday.Ishou ld ca ll this
situation no ise po llution.
Sec ond ly, Iam afraid thatthe exp ansion of the airpo rtm ay redu ce the plotofland for
the playg round which is und ercon struction n ea r the airpo rt at the m om ent.To
sum up, Istrong ly d isagree with the plan. Iwou ld app rec iate ifyou cou ld po ss ibly write
the article abou tthe p rob lem s and disagree m ent as I said
abov e.
You rs faithfully
Sam ple 52
You are du e to starta new job nextw ee k bu tyo u w ill notbe able to bec ause you
hav e som e problem s.
W rite a lett er to yo ur new em ploy er.In yo urletter :

•explain yo ursituation
•descr ibe yo urproblem s
• tell him /her w hen yo u think yo u can start.
Y o u should w rite at least 150
w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rMs Barnes,
Iam writi ng con ce rning the po siti on of Ass istantO ffice M anagerthatIam du e to b egin
nextM ond ay.However,a prob lem h as arisen.
As you kno w,Icurrently work form y un cle’s food -pac king bu siness , and you will
rem em berfrom m y interview thatI h ave gained v aluable exp erience there.
Unfortun ately, h e has had to go into ho spitalforan op eration, lea ving m y aunt in charge
ofbo th the ho m e and the bu siness .She has asked m e,as this is a p articularly
bu sy tim e ofyea r,to stay on and h elp h erwith the runn ing o fthe office .
Irea lise this will be inconv enientto you, bu tvery m uch hop e that, g iven the
circum stance s, you wou ld b e prepared to allow m e to take up m y po siti on with you two
wee ks laterthan p lann ed.
Iwou ld like to em ph asise thatIrem ain v ery k ee n to work with you, and thatIwill b e
gaining further useful exp erience du ring this tim e.
Ilook forward to h ea ring from you. You rs since rely,
John Forbes
Sam ple 53
You trav elled by plane last w ee k and yo ursuitcase w as lost.
You hav e still heard nothing from the a irline com pany.

claim nu m b er and add ress are w ritt en
b elow .
F li gh t N o : NH 101
L ugg ag e C laim N o : 00026
A dd ress : 6 H S il v er S tree t
L ondon. N W I6 5 A L
W rite to the airline and explain w hat happ ened. Descr ibe yo ur suitcase and tell
them w hatw as in it.Find outw hat they a re go ing to do a boutit.
Y o u should w rite at least 150
w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSirs,
Iwas on e ofthe pass eng ers who took the fligh tfrom Narita (Tokyo )to Hea throw
(London )on 5 Augu st.Unfortun ately,m y suitca se did no tcom e ou tafterthe fligh t.
Although Ihave exp lained this M r.M cDon ald who was in charge atthe Lugg age Claim
O ffice Ihave no thea rd from him as ofno w.
M y suit ca se is grey Sam son ite who se size is 10 x 95 cm .There are 3 stec kers on one
side and 1 h ea rt shaped stec ker on the o therside.M y initi als "AR"are also writt en
on bo th sides.
There are a few book s and a copy ofm y thesis in thatsuitca se which Inee d forthe
con ference on 19 Augu st.
So I wou ld d ee ply app rec iate it if you cou ld g ive m e a prom ptreply atyou rm ost
conv enient. M y fligh t nu m ber, lugg age
You rs Faithfully.
Sam ple 54
You borr ow ed som e boo ks from yo urschoo lorcollege library.Unfortun ately yo u
hav e to go a w ay to v isita sick re lative and cann otre turn the boo ks in tim e.
W rite a lett er to the library.Explain w hathas happ ened and tell them w hat yo u
w antto do a boutit.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur
ow n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSirorM adam ,

Iam writi ng this letterto exp lain why I h ave bee n un able to return the three books h ave
ou ton three -day loan, which are now ov erdu e.
Aftertaking the book s ou ton 16 th M arch, Ihad an u rgentphon e ca ll from m y elderly
aun t's neighbou rto say thatm y aun thad h ad a fall and h ad b ee n taken into ho spital.I
am heron ly surviving relative in this coun try,so Ifelt Ihad to go and see her
imm ediately. I travelled do wn to Surr ey the following m orning, think ing Iwou ld stay
foron ly two o rthree days.
Unfortun ately, m y aun t's cond iti on h as on ly im prov ed very slowly,so I have had to
stay h ere long er than exp ec ted. However,the ho spitalsays thatifall go es well,she
shou ld b e able to go ho m e in two o rthree days'tim e,in which ca se Iwill be b ac k atthe
beginn ing o fnextwee k.
Dea ling in mi nd the circum stance s Itrust you will kind ly waive any fines thatm ay h ave
acc um ulated.
You rs since rely
Sam ple 55
You hav e had a bank acc oun tfora few y ears.Rece ntly yo u rece ived a lett erfrom
the hank stating thatyo uracc oun tis $240 ov er draw n and that
yo u w ill he charged $70 w hich w ill he
taken direc tly from yo ur acc oun t.You kn ow thatthis inform ation is incorrec t.
W rite a lett er to the bank .Explain w hat has happ ened and say w hatyo u w ould like
them to do a boutit.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir,
Iam writi ng in reply to a letter Irece ived
from you a few days ago. In you r letter you state that I am $240 ov erdrawn and
thatyou will be charging m e $70.
Iwou ld like to po intou tthatthe rea son Iam ov erdrawn is beca use of a mi stake
m ade by you rbank. If you look through you rrec ords you will see thatIwrote several
wee ks ago exp laining the situation. Forthe lasttwelve m on ths,Ihave bee n p aying $300
a m on th for a ca r I bought lastsumm er.The m on thly p aym ents were taken d irec tly
from m y b ank acc oun t.However, two m on ths ago I sold the ca rand Iwrote to you

instructing you to stop p aying the m on thly instalm ents.Irece ived a letterfrom you
ac kno wledg ing m y requ est, bu t,forsom e rea son, no thing was don e abou tit.Ano ther
$300 instalm enthas b ee n paid this m on th and this is the rea son
why Iam ov erdrawn.
Iwou ld like you to con tac tthe garage where Ibough tthe ca rexp laining your err or.I
wou ld also like you to ask them to return the m on ey.
You rs faithfully, P Stoft
Sam ple 56
You hav e a friend w ho lives in a city a broa d. You hav e dec ided that you w ould
like to a pp ly to do a course atone o fthe colleges in this city.
W rite to yo ur friend explaining w hat yo u w ould like to do. Tell him /her w hat
type ofw ork orstud ies yo u hav e bee n doing forthe pastfew years and ask for
ass istance in contacting a n app ropriate institution.
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
Dea rAnita
Sorr y Ihaven'twritt en forages.I've bee n so bu sy ov erthe lastyea rand Ineversee m to
have a mi nu te to m yself.
I'd like to study elec trica leng inee ring atun iversity in Australia next yea r and I hop e
you ca n give m e som e adv ice .Ithink Iwou ld prefer M elbou rne beca use Iknow a few
peop le from m y v isit lastyea r.
This yea rI'm do ing m aths and phy sics atschoo land Ihop e to do well in m y exam s.
However,Irea lly don 'tkno w which un iversity to app ly to, so cou ld you send m e som e
inform ation abou tdifferent colleges? Also ca n you find ou twhat qu alifica tion s Inee d?
Forintance ,as an ov ersea se stud ent, do Ihave to take an Eng lish test?
Ihop e you don 'tmi nd do ing this form e.Itis m uch b etterto g etthis inform ation from
som eon e who lives in the coun try, so I hop e to h ea rfrom you soon.
M any thank s,Rosanna Sam ple 57
You rece ntly bought an item of clothing

from a shop.You discov ere d that it had a faultand re turned itto the shop for
re place m entorre fund .H ow ever,the a ss istanttold yo u thatthis w as aga instthe
store 's policy.
W rite a lett er to the store m anag er,explaining the problem s yo u hav e had.Ask for
a re fund orexchange on the item .
Y o u should w rite at least 150 w ords.
You should spend about20 m inu tes o n this task.
Yo u do NO T nee d to w rite yo ur o w n add re ss .
m od elan swer:
10 th Janu ary, 2004
Dea rSirorM adam
Re:faulty jum perand refund refusal
O n W edn esday 2nd Janu ary,Ibough ta g ree n long -slee ved jum per from your store.
The jum perwas m edium -size d and m ade fom cotton. Itcost$59.95 and it was no ton
spec ial.
W hen Igo tho m e,Idiscov ered thatthere was a sm all ho le in the leftslee ve.Itlooks like
a rip of som e kind and the stit ching h as un ravelled. Ireturned to you rshop the n ext
day to ask for an identica lreplace m entjum per.Unfortun ately there were non e in
stock. Therefore Iasked fora refund. However, the shop ass intant refused to g ive
m e a refund b eca use it was no tthe po licy o fthe store.
Iam writi ng to d em and a refund o r,atthe v ery lea st,a replace m entjum per.The jum per
is un wea rable as it is and Ido not wantto buy any thing else.Ihop e thatyou ca n ass ist
m e in this m atter.If Ido no tgetsatisfac tion, Iwill be force d to see k legaladv ice .
You rs since rely
Susan M ilne.
Sam ple 58
You are orga nising a trip to the Sn ow y M oun tains in New South W ales fora g roup
of stud ents from Per th in W ester n Australia.
W rite to the m anag er ofStud entH ostelSer vice s and explain w hen yo u w antto
visit the Sn ow y M oun tains, how long yo u w ill stay,how m any stud ents are in
yo ur party, a nd w hat acc omm odation yo u w ill re uire .

m od elan swer:
Dea rM anagerofStud entHostelService s,
Iam writi ng to see k acc omm od ation in the Sno wy M oun tains fora group o fstud ents
from Perth.
W e exp ec tto b e in the Sno wy M oun tains b etwee n Jun e 1 and Jun e 12. There are
fou rtee n p eop le in ou rgroup, five m en, seven wom en and a m arried coup le.The five
m en will acce ptdo rmit ory acc omm od ation, and the wom en are happy to share roo m s,
bu tthe m arried coup le wou ld like a doub le roo m . W e hop e to k ee p ou rexp enses as
low as po ss ible.
Plea se tell m e abou t rec rea tion alservice s in the area .The group will bring theirown
boo ts for bu shwalking, bu t we are hop ing to h ire equ ipm entforotherspo rts,like
skiing. Som e of ou r group will want to h ire geolog ica lpicks and otherequ ipm ent,
ifpo ss ible.W e also n ee d to kno w about acce ss to ca ves and o therinteresting g eolog ica l
fea tures in the area .
Iam look ing forward to rece iving inform ation abou tthe Stud entHostelService s and
otherfac iliti es.
You rs since rely Am and a Chan Sam ple 59
You hav e a friend w ho lives in a city
abroa d.
You hav e dec ided thatyo u w ould like to a pp ly to do a course at one of the
colleges in this city.
W rite to yo ur friend explaining w hat
yo u w ould like to do. Tell him /her w hat type ofw ork orstud ies yo u hav e bee n doing
forthe pastfew years and ask for a ss istance in contacting a n app ropriate
institution.
m od elan swer:
Dea rAnita,
Sorr y Ihaven'twritt en forages.I've bee n so bu sy ov erthe lastyea rand Ineversee m to
have a mi nu te to m yself.
I'd like to study elec trica leng inee ring at un iversity in Australia next yea r and I hop e
you ca n give m e som e adv ice .Ithink Iwou ld prefer M elbou rne beca use Iknow a few
peop le from m y v isit lastyea r.
This yea rI'm do ing m aths and phy sics atschoo land Ihop e to do well in m y exam s.
However,Irea lly don 'tkno w which un iversity to app ly to, so cou ld you send m e som e

inform ation abou tdifferent colleges? Also ca n you find ou twhat qu alifica tion s Inee d?
Forinstance ,as an ov ersea s stud ent, do Ihave to take an Eng lish test?
Ihop e you don 'tmi nd do ing this form e.Itis m uch b etterto g etthis inform ation from
som eon e who lives in the coun try, so I hop e to h ea rfrom you soon.
M any thank s,Rosanna
Sam ple 60
W rite a lett er to the Inform ation O fficer atthe TAPE Inform ation O ffice a sking
forinform ation aboutthe Ter tiary Pre paration Cer tificate.
Descr ibe yo uredu cationalbackgroun d a nd yo urre asons forw anting to do the
course.
You should w rite atleast80 w ords.
A l l ow yo urself 15 m inu tes for this task.
m od elan swer:
Dea rSir/M adam ,
Iwou ld like som e inform ation abou tthe Tertiary Preparation Certifica te. If po ss ible I
wou ld like to enroll in this
cou rse as a part-tim e stud entin 1992.
Ileftschoo leigh tyea rs ago aftercom pleting the 1ISC.Since then Ihave worked as a
sales ass istantin bo th G rac e Bros and David Jon es.From the beginn ing o fthis yea rI
have bee n in charge ofthe Children's W ea r Departm ent in G rac e Bros,Lily field.
However, in order to adv ance any furtherin m y ca ree rinto a m anagerialpo siti on, I will
nee d to do som e furtherstud y,such as a M arketing o rBusiness Cou rse.Beca use I h ave
no tstud ied form any y ea rs,Ibelieve thatIshou ld com plete the TPC before enrolli ng in a
Business cou rse.
Cou ld you p lea se send m e the inform ation as soon as po ss ible,and tell m e the dates for
enrolli ng in the Tertiary Preparation
Certifica te.You rs faithfully.
19. G ener al IELTS W riting Ta sk 2
Sam ple 1
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.

are also gran ted equ al righ ts in th is
p arti cu lar arena.
(254 w ords)
S a m p le 2
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Som e people think w om en should be a llow ed to join the arm y, the navy and the
airforce justlike m en.
To w hat extent do yo u ag ree or disag ree ?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswer.W rite atlea st250 words.m od elan swer:
W hether wom en shou ld b e allowed to serve in the milit ary h as trigg ered spirited
debate.Som e ass ertthatthe status quo shou ld b e chang ed and wom en shou ld be
entitl ed to join the arm ed force s.Person ally, I fund am entally agree with their
ass ertion -forthree rea son s.
History h as sho wn thatwom en are fully ca pable ofperformi ng well in the milit ary.
Historica lly,there were a ho stofvaliant wom en soldiers who se ac hievem ents rea lly
pu t their m ale coun terparts to sham e. O ne nee d on ly look at the class ic
exam ples ofJoan ofArc and M ulan to see ho w exce ption ally wom en cou ld perform
on the battl efield. In m y ob servation, their d etermi nation, cou rage and d ign ity,to this
day,are still being admi red by m ale soldiers and civili ans alike throughou tthe world.
M oreov er,from an enligh tened standpo int,fem ale patriots shou ld b e granted the right to
go to the fron tline when theirm otherland is invo lved in a war.Admitt edly, g end er
inequ alit y was a h igh ly con trov ersialiss ue in the twentieth ce ntury.However, no w
twelve yea rs into the new mill enn ium ,wom en ca n lea rn and teac h, work and sup ervise,
vo te and vo ted in m ostcoun tries justlike m en. In ligh tof this swee ping p rog ress in
gend erequ alit y,there is no sense in deny ing them the right
to d efend theirho m e coun try when a war b rea ks ou t.
In sum , k ee ping milit ary service s ou tof bound s ofwom en in the inform ation age is
un warr anted. Ihave bee n conv ince d thatitis in the bestinterestofa nation ifwom en
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
M achine translation (M T) is slow er and
less acc urate than hu m an translation a nd there is no imm ediate or
pre dictable likelihoo d of m achines taking ov er this role from hu m ans.

Do you agree ordisagree ? W rite atlea st250 words.
Rea d the following sam ple answer.
Com plete the answer by filli ng the gaps with a word o rph rase from the box b elow.
o n the for
con trary instance
espec ially bec a
f o rthese
rea sons
in o rdertoit is true ofc
simil arly ho wever itsee m s tofor
m e exam
Itis true thatthere have bee n grea tadv ance s in tec hno logy ov er the lastforty y ears.
.................... the use of m ob ile phon es and e-m ail comm un ica tion are comm on
these days..................... ,m ac hines thattranslate from on e langu age to ano therare
still in theirea rly stages.
.................... thata m ac hine cou ld n everdo as good a job as a hu m an, ....................
when it com es to interpreting whatpeop le are saying. .................... , m ac hines ca n
translate statem ents such as “W here is the b ank ?” bu teven sim ple statem ents are not
always straigh tforward .................... the m ea ning depend s on m ore than justwords.
.................... the word “bank ” has a
nu m berofdifferentm ea ning s in Eng lish. How do es a translating m ac hine know which
m ea ning to take?
.................... und erstand whatpeop le are saying, you n ee d to take into acc oun tthe
relation ship b etwee n the spea kers and theirsituation. A m ac hine ca nno ttell the
difference betwee n the Eng lish exp ress ion “Look ou t!”m ea ning “Be ca reful!”and “Look
ou t!” m ea ning “Put you r hea d out o f the windo w”.You nee d a hu m an being to
interpretthe situation.
.................... with writt en langu age,it is d ifficult fora m ac hine to kno w ho w to translate
acc urately .................... we rarely translate every word. .................... , we try to take
into con sideration ho w the idea wou ld b e exp ress ed in the otherlangu age.This is
hard to do .................... every
langu age has its own way o fdo ing and saying thing s.
.................... Ifee lthatit is m ostun likely that m ac hines will take the place of
hu m ans in the field o ftranslating and interpreting. If m ac hines everlea rn to think,
perhaps then they will be in a po siti on to take on this role.
M od elAnswer:

Itis true thatthere have bee n grea tadv ance s in tec hno logy ov erthe lastforty yea rs.For
exa m ple /Forinstance the use o fm ob ile phon es and e-m ailcomm un ica tion are
comm on these days.H ow ever , m ac hines that translate from on e langu age to ano ther
are still in theirea rly stages.
Itsee m s to m e thata m ac hine cou ld never
do as good a job as a hu m an, espec ially when it com es to interpreting whatpeop le
are saying. O f course, m ac hines ca n translate statem ents such as “W here is the
bank ?” bu teven sim ple statem ents are not always straigh tforward bec ause the
m ea ning d epend s on m ore than justwords.Forinstance /Forexa m ple the word “bank ”
has a nu m ber of different m ea ning s in Eng lish. How do es a translating m ac hine kno w
which m ea ning to take?
In order to und erstand what peop le are saying, you n ee d to take into acc oun tthe
relation ship b etwee n the spea kers and theirsituation. A m ac hine ca nno ttell the
difference betwee n the Eng lish exp ress ion “Look ou t!”m ea ning “Be ca reful!”and “Look
ou t!” m ea ning “Put you r hea d out o f the windo w”.You nee d a hu m an being
to interpretthe situation.
Sim ilarly with writt en langu age,it is d ifficult fora m ac hine to kno w ho w to translate
acc urately bec ause we rarely translate every word. O n the contrary,we try to take
into con sideration ho w the idea wou ld b e exp ress ed in the otherlangu age.This is hard
to do bec ause every langu age h as its own way o f do ing and saying thing s.
Forthese re asons Ifee lthatit is m ost un likely thatm ac hines will take the plac e o f
hu m ans in the field o ftranslating and interpreting. If m ac hines everlea rn to think,
perhaps then they will be in a po siti on to take on this role
Sam ple 3
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
M any new spaper s and m aga zines feature stories aboutthe priva te lives of
fam ous people.W e kn ow w hatthey eat,w here they bu y theirclothes and w ho they
lov e.W e also oft en see picture s of them in priva te situations.
Is itapp ropriate fora m aga zine or new spaper to g ive this kind ofpriva te
inform ation aboutpeople?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswer.W rite atlea st250 words.m od elan swer:
G enerally, p eop le rea d n ewspapers to find ou tabou tworld curr entaffairs and they rea d
m agaz ines to b e entertained. Therefore, on e wou ld exp ec t to find articles that
fea ture the private lives of fam ou s peop le in m agaz ines ratherthan n ewspapers.
However, no wadays, m ore and m ore newspapers includ e stories like these which are
neitherinform ative nor u seful.

ca n fea tu re so m e arti cles on p eop le's
p riv ate li v es.
(268 w ords)
S a m p le 4
In m y op inion, this typ e ofgo ss ip about p eop le's private lives shou ld no tbe in
newspapers forseveralrea son s.Firstly, for exam ple,the fac tthatPrince ss Diana is
go ing ou t with a spo rtsm an is not im po rtantnews.Sec ond ly,ifnewspapers want
to pub lish articles abou tfam ous p eop le they shou ld focus on theirpub lic events and
ac hievem ents. In other words,
if there is an article abou t Prince ss Diana it shou ld b e abou therworks ofcharity,
which will increa se pub lic awareness of im po rtant prob lem s. In add iti on, jou rnalists
shou ld m ake sure that they write abou t the fac ts on ly, no t rum ou rs.O ne shou ld
be able to rely on n ewspapers forthe ac tualtruth.
M agaz ines, on the otherhand, focus on social news. But I fee l it is m ore
acce ptable forthem to con tain som e fea tures abou tfam ou s person aliti es.In add iti on to
being popu larrea ding, these stories often benefit the stars by g iving free pub licity
to them , thereby h elping theirca ree rs.However,Ialso b elieve thatm agaz ine stories
shou ld no t m ention thing s thatare too em barr ass ing o run true justto attrac tpeop le
to buy the m agaz ine.
Sensation al stories, such as these, ca use g rea tunh app iness to the peop le
con ce rned.
In con clusion, I think newspapers shou ld con ce ntrate on rea l news bu t m agaz ines
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Som e people fee lthatcer tain w orker s like nu rses,doctors and teacher s are
und er va lued and should be paid m ore ,
espec ially w hen other people like film a ctors orcom pany boss es are paid hu ge
sum s of m oney that are out of proportion to the im portance of the w ork that
they do.
-H ow fardo yo u ag ree ?
-W hatcr iter ia should be used to dec ide how m uch people are paid?
You shou ld u se you r own idea s, kno wledg e and exp erience and suppo rt you r
argu m ents with exam ples and relevantevidence .

W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elan swer:
Nobody ca n d eny thatthere are ce rtain p rofess ion als like nu rses, do ctors and teac hers
who are ess entialto the fabric of society,and who shou ld therefore be rewarded
acc ording ly.However,this is seldo m the ca se.W hen we look atthe salaries and fee s
comm and ed by ce rtain film stars and ac tress es and peop le who run large
com panies,this do es no tsee m fair.
Firstofall, no tall film stars ea rn huge sum s ofm on ey.In fac t,atany on e tim e in the
UK , for exam ple, rough ly 80 per ce nt o fac tors are ou tofwork and on top o fthatthe
nu m ber who are paid so-ca lled
‘telephon e nu m berfee s’is even sm aller.O ne m ustalso rem em berthatthe ca ree rof
m any ac tors is very sho rt and thattherefore the m on ey they ea rn has to be
sprea d ov erm any y ea rs.The sam e app lies to com pany bo ss es.
Stating a setofcriteria as to ho w m uch p eop le shou ld b e paid is no tea sy.The idea o f
perform ance -related pay is very m uch in vogu e atthe m om ent.Rewarding p eop le
acc ording to qu alifica tion s has long b ee n u sed as a yardstick for paying peop le,but it
is no ta con sistently good m ea sure.Ano ther is yea rs of relevant exp erience , bu t
there are m any ca ses where a young er p erson ca n p erform a task b etterthan som eon e
with lots ofexp erience .
W hatevercriteria are used to ass ess salaries,an on -go ing cycle will develop. This will
crea te press ure in o therarea s.This con sidered, g enerally Ifee lthatce rtain key
profess ion als shou ld have their
salaries ass ess ed by ind epend entreview bod ies on an on -go ing b asis so thatthey do
no tfall behind.
(269 words)
Sam ple 5
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Som e people consider com pu ter s to be m ore ofa hind rance than a help.O ther s
believe thatthey hav e gre atly incre ased hu m an potential.
H ow could com pu ter s be considere d a hind rance ?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
exp erience .

W rite atlea st250 words.
Loo k atthe w ords orph rases in capitals.Correc tyo urver sion w here nece ss ary.
Itis ea sy to und erstand why som e peop le THINK com pu ters are m ore ofa hind rance
than a help. THING S LIKE G ETT ING M Y M ON EY BACK FRO M BANK or chang ing a
ticketARE EASY W ITHOU T USING CO M PUTE R, y eton ce on e is invo lved, the proce ss
ca n b ec om e tim e-con sumi ng, com plex and pron e to err ors.IN ALL THE O FF ICES
I'VE SEE N,it ca n som etim es see m thatforevery hou rsaved by com pu ters, at lea st
set of prob lem s
ca used by THE CO M PUTE RS BR EAK ING DO W N.THIS W ASTE S A LO T O F TIM E.
ALSO , ov er-enthu siastic use ofcom pu ters in the ho m e has the po tential to d ivert
large am oun ts offree tim e away from THING S LIKE socialising, tasking exercise or
having d inn er with your famil y.Spend ing a lotofleisure tim e look ing ata com pu ter
m on itorscree n HIND ERS ac hieving o thergo als in life,LIKE being h ea lthy and socially
integrated.
However,it wou ld b e sim plistic to SAY thatcom pu ters ARE BAD .THEY HAVE CAU SED
ENO RM OU S IM PROV EM ENTS in comm un ica tion s,m edicine,design, edu ca tion and
LO TS O F
O THER THING S. THESE DAYS, v irtually EVERYTHING W E KNO W is as faraway as
the nea restinternetpo int.Com pu ters have brough tabou ta profound chang e in the way
m ostpeop le in RICH COUN TRIES live.(Although it shou ld not b e forgo tten thatthe
m ajority o fthe inh abitants of this planet have neverEVEN USED A CO M PUTE R
ON CE.)
THERE ARE DEFINITEL Y M O RE GOO D THING S THAN BAD THING S ABOU T
CO M PUTE RS.The qu estion is no tDO com pu ters help o rhind er, bu tDO W E always use
THEM in a sensible and respon sible way?
M od elAnswer:
It is ea sy to und erstand why som e peop le
believe thatcom pu ters are m ore of a h ind rance than a help. O peration s such
as ob taining a refund or chang ing a tickettend to be fairly straigh tforward without
the aid o fa com pu ter, y eton ce on e is invo lved, the proce ss ca n b ec om e tim e-
con sumi ng, com plex and pron e to err ors.In an o ffice env iron m ent,it ca n som etim es
see m thatforevery hou rsaved by com pu ters,atlea stsetofprob lem s ca used by a
system m alfun ction.
Ano thercon sideration is that,ov er-enthu siastic use ofcom pu ters in the ho m e h as the
po tentialto divertlarge am oun ts of free tim e away from ac tiviti es such as
socialising, tasking exercise orhaving d inn erwith you rfamil y.Spend ing a lotof leisure
tim e look ing ata com pu term on itor scree n cou ld p erhaps ac hieving othergo als in life,
such as being hea lthy and socially
integrated.

However, it wou ld be sim plistic to ass ertthat com pu ters have a generally negative
im pac t. There have bee n eno rm ous adv ence s in comm un ica tion s, m edicine,
design, edu ca tion and nu m erou s fields of hu m an end ea vou r.Nowadays,virtually the
entire sum of hu m an kno wledg e is as faraway as the nea rest internet
po int.Com pu ters have brough tabou ta profound chang e in the way m ost peop le
in the d evelop ed world live.(Although it shou ld no t be forgo tten that the m ajority of
the inh abitants of this planet have neverso m uch as tou ched a com pu terkeybo ard.)
The benefits of com pu ters undoub tedly ou tweigh the disadv entages. The qu estion
is no twhether com pu ters help or hind er,b u twhether peop le always use their huge
po tential in a sensible and respon sible
way?
Sam ple 6
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
M oder n lifestyles m ean thatm any pare nts hav e little tim e fortheirchildre n.M any
childre n suff er bec ause they do notgetas m uch attention from theirpare nts as
childre n did in the past.
Do you agree ordisagree ? W rite atlea st250 words.
1)Look atthe words orph rases in ca pitals.
Choo se the word o rph rase which sounds m ore form al.
2)Rewrite the finalparagraph in a m ore form alstyle.
Peop le who SAY/ARGU E thatno wadays p arents give less attention to theirchildren than
in the past are FREQU ENTLY/O FTE N look ing b ac k to a SHO RT/BR IEF period o ftim e in
the twentieth ce ntury when M O THERS/M UM S in mi dd le-class famili es
REM AINED/STAY ED atho m e to look after their children. W hat these p eop le are
SUGG ESTING /SAYING is thatwom en no wadays shou ld no tgo ou tto work.
THE FACT O F THE M ATTE R IS THAT/ACTUA LLY in M O ST/THE
M AJO RITY O F famili es in the pastbo th p arents worked M UCH LONG ER HOU RS/M O RE
than they do no wadays.W hathas chang ed is thatno w in m ostcoun tries theirchildren
ATTE ND /GO TO schoo l rather than also working them selves.In thatsense they m ay
SEE LE SS O F/HAVE LE SS CON TACT W ITH theirparents.
Nowadays,as a result ofACQU IRING AN EDU CATION /GO ING TO SCHOO L,children
com e into con tac twith teac hers who NATURALLY/O F COU RSE have to exp lain why
som e oftheirstud ents are faili ng. W hatteac hers com e up with are LO TS
O F/FREQU ENT stories ofparents who are SIM PLY/JUST too bu sy fortheir
CHILDREN/KIDS.And IF CHILDREN ARE NO T SUPERVISED BY THEIR PARENTS/IF
PARENTS DON ’T KEE P

AN EYE ON THEIR CHILDREN, they will often DO BAD LY/UND ERPERFO RM at
schoo l.However,FAILURE AT SCHOO L/ACAD EM IC FAILURE is no thing n ew even
when on e or bo th p arents are atho m e.If children ARE NEG LE CTE D/DON ’T HAVE
ATTE NTION G IVEN TO THEM by their p arents,they will suffer.
Igu ess children p rob ably h ad m ore p rob lem s in the pastwhen they and their p arents
had to work non -stop just to get b y. These days, the law look s afterchildren
and they ca n go to schoo l,so children h ave lots m ore chance s than they everhad
before.
1. Look at the words or ph rases in ca pitals.Choo se the word o rph rase which
sound s m ore form al.
2. Rewrite the finalparagraph in a m ore form alstyle.
Peop le who AR G UE that no wadays p arents give less attention to theirchildren
than in the past are FREQ UENTL Y look ing bac k to a BRIEF period oftim e in the
twentieth ce ntury when M O TH ERS in mi dd le-class famili es REM AINED at ho m e to
look aftertheirchildren. W hatthese peop le are SUGG ESTING is thatwom en
no wadays shou ld no tgo ou tto work.
TH E FAC T O F TH E M ATTE R IS TH AT in TH E M AJO RITY O F famili es in the
past bo th parents worked M UC H LO NG ER HO UR S than they do no wadays. W hat
has chang ed is that now in m ost coun tries their children ATTE ND
schoo l rather than also working them selves.In thatsense they m ay H AV E LE SS
CO NTAC T W ITH theirparents.
Nowadays, as a result ofAC Q UIRING AN EDUC ATIO N ,children com e into con tac t
with teac hers who NA TURA LL Y have to exp lain why som e oftheirstud ents are faili ng.
W hat teac hers com e up with a re FREQ UENT stories of parents who a r e
SIM PLY too bu sy for theirCH ILDR EN. And IF CH ILDR EN AR E NO T
SUPERV ISED BY TH EIR PAR ENTS,they will often UND ERPERFO RM atschoo l.
However,ACAD EM IC FAILUR E is no thing new even when on e or bo th parents are
at ho m e. If children AR E NEG LE CTE D by theirparents,they will suffer.
Igu ess children p rob ably h ad m ore p rob lem s in the pastwhen they and their p arents
had to work non -stop just to get b y. These days, the law look s afterchildren
and they ca n go to schoo l,so children h ave lots m ore chance s than they everhad
before.
In m y op inion, children p rob ably suffered m ore in the past when the who le famil y
was ob liged to work long hou rs justto survive.Nowadays children are protec ted by the
law.M oreov eracce ss to edu ca tion m ea ns thatthey h ave grea teroppo rtun iti es than ever
before.
Sam ple 7
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.

W rite abou tthe following top ic:
In m ost coun tries m ultinational
com panies and their produ cts are
bec om ing m ore and m ore im portant.
This tre nd is ser iously dam ag ing ourqu ality o flife.
Do you agree ordisagree ? W rite atlea st250 words.
The w riter has tried to avo id re peating the sam e w ords too o ft en in the answ er .
Read the sam ple aga in and find synonym s or ph rases later in the answ er
w ith sim ilar m eanings to the und er lined w ords.
m od elan swer:
M ulti nation alcom panies no wadays find itea sy bo th to m arkettheirprodu cts all ov er
the world and set up fac tories whereverthey find it conv enient.In m y op inion this
has had a harm fuleffec ton ou r qu alit y of life in three m ain area s.
The firstarea is theirprodu cts.Suppo rters o fglob aliza tion wou ld argu e that
m ulti nation alcom panies m ake high -qu alit y good s available to m ore peop le.W hile this
m ay b e true to som e extent,italso m ea ns thatwe have less cho ice of p rodu cts to
buy . W hen po werful m ulti nation alcom panies inv ade loca lm arkets with their
good s,they often force loca l com panies with fewer resou rce s to go ou tofbu siness .
In con sequ ence ,we are ob liged to buy m ulti nation alprodu cts whetherwe like them or
no t.
This bring s m e to m y sec ond po int.Itis som etim es said thatm ulti nation alcom panies
and g lob alisation are m aking societies m ore op en. This m ay b e true.However,Iwou ld
argu e thatas a result the hu m an race is losing its culturaldiversity.If we
con sum ed different produ cts,societies all ov erthe world wou ld be m ore v aried. This
ca n b e see n by the fac tthatwe all shop in simil ar m ulti nation alsup erm arkets
and buy identica lprodu cts whereverwe live.
Thirdly, d efend ers ofm ulti nation alcom panies often po int ou t that they p rovide
em ploy m ent. Although this is undoub tedly true,it also m ea ns thatwe h ave bec om e
m ore depend ent on them ,which in turn m akes us m ore vu lnerable to their dec ision s.
W hen, for exam ple, a
m ulti nation aldec ides to m ov e its p rodu ction fac iliti es to ano ther coun try,this has an
adv erse effec ton its workers who lose theirjob s.
All in all,Ibelieve thatifwe as vo ters p ress ured ou rgov ernm ents to m ake m ulti nation al
com panies m ore respon sible and to p rotec t loca l produ ce rs from ou tside
com petiti on, we cou ld h ave the b enefits ofglob alisation withou tits d isadv antages.
m od elan swer:

M ulti nation alcom panies no wadays find itconvenient bo th to m arket theirgoo ds all
ov er the world and set up produ ction facili ties whereverthey find it conv enient.
In m y op inion this has had an adver se effec t on ou r qu alit y of life in three m ain
area s.
The firstarea is theirprodu cts.Suppo rters o fglob aliza tion wou ld argu e that
m ulti nation alcom panies m ake high -qu alit y good s available to m ore peop le.W hile this
m ay b e true to som e extent,italso m ea ns thatwe have less cho ice of p rodu cts to
consum e. W hen po werful m ulti nation alcom panies inv ade loca lm arkets with their
good s, they often are o bliged loca lcom panies with fewerresou rce s to go ou tof
bu siness .In con sequ ence ,we are ob liged to buy m ulti nation alprodu cts whetherwe like
them orno t.
This bring s m e to m y sec ond po int.Itis som etim es said thatm ulti nation alcom panies
and glob alisation are m aking
societies m ore op en. This m ay b e true.However, I wou ld point out that as a result
the hu m an race is losing its cultural d iversity. If we con sum ed va ried produ cts,
societies w here ver w e live wou ld b e m ore varied. This ca n b e see n by the fac t
that we all shop in identical m ulti nation alsup erm arkets and buy identica lprodu cts
whereverwe live.
Thirdly, d efend ers ofm ulti nation alcom panies often po int ou t that they p rov ide
jobs.Although this is undoub tedly true, it also m ea ns that we have bec om e m ore
va lnu rable on them , which in turn m akes us m ore vu lnerable to their d ec ision s.
W hen, forexam ple, a m ulti nation aldec ides to m ov e its p rodu ction fac iliti es to ano ther
coun try,this has an adv erse effec t on its workers
who lose theirjob s.
All in all,Ibelieve thatifwe as vo ters p ress ured ou rgov ernm ents to m ake m ulti nation al
com panies m ore respon sible and to p rotec t loca l produ ce rs from ou tside
com petiti on, we cou ld h ave the b enefits ofglob alisation withou tits d isadv antages.
Sam ple 8
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
M ore and m ore qu alified people are m ov ing from poo r to rich coun tries to fill
va cancies in spec ialist are as like
engineer ing, com pu ting a nd m edicine.
Som e people believe thatby encourag ing the m ov em entofsuch people,rich
coun tries are stealing from poor coun tries.O ther s fee lthatthis is only part of
the natural m ov em ent of w orker s around the w orld.

Do you agree ordisagree ? W rite atlea st250 words.m od el
an swer:
The so-ca lled ‘brain d rain’from poo rto rich coun tries is no w robb ing poo rercoun tries of
ess entialpersonn ellike do ctors, nu rses,eng inee rs,and the trend is setto con tinu e,if
no tto g etworse.
Som e peop le say this m ov em entofpeop le around the world is no t a new
ph eno m enon. M igrant workers have always bee n attrac ted by the widercho ice o f
em ploy m entand g rea teroppo rtun ity in m ajorciti es in theirown coun tries and abroad.
Rece ntly,as the tec hno log ica lage h as adv ance d and as richercoun tries find
them selves with no t enough workers to fee d theirdevelop m ent,they h ave had to run
to otherparts ofthe world to find the n ece ss ary m anpo wer.M any richerEurop ea n
coun tries,forexam ple,are now trying to attrac t skill ed IT workers from m y ho m e
coun try Ind ia by o ffering h igh ersalaries than they cou ld hop e to ea rn at ho m e.W ith the
glob alisation o fthe world ec ono m y, m any p eop le fee l that the p roce ss ca nno tbe
stopp ed.
O thers,m yselfinclud ed, are ofthe op inion thatm ea sures shou ld b e taken to add ress
the prob lem , by com pensating poo rercoun tries financially forthe loss of inv estm entin
the peop le they h ave trained, like do ctors and nu rses.Admitt edly,this m ay b e
cum bersom e to admi nister, bu tan attem ptcou ld b e m ade to g etit offthe g round.
Ano ther step, which in p art has alrea dy b egun to h app en, is to use the force s of
glob aliza tion itself.W estern coun tries cou ld encou rage peop le to stay in theirown
coun tries by d irec tinv estm ent in p rojec ts like com pu terfac tories orby send ing p atients
abroad fortrea tm ent,as is alrea dy h app ening.
Itis obv iou sly d ifficult to restrictthe m ov em entofpeop le around the world and it is
prob ably foo lish to try to stop it,but
attem pts shou ld be m ade to redress the im balance .
(291 words)
Sam ple 9
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Com pu ter s and m odem s hav e m ade itposs ible for office w orker s to do m uch o f
theirw ork from hom e instead of w orking in office s ever y day.W orking from hom e
should be encourag ed as itis goo d forw orker s and em ploy er s.
Do you agree ordisagree ?
W rite atlea st250 words.

Rea d the following sam ple answer.Com plete the answerby filli ng the gaps
with a word o rph rase from the box b elow.
Also beca use
T h e first isFor
that
Sec ond ly Finally
In
con clusion
Exam ple
since
such as while O n the otherhand
A further po int is that
In rece nt yea rs the vast exp ansion of inform ation and comm un ica tions
tec hno logy h as m ade teleworking m uch m ore prac tica l. Although in m any ca ses
office workers cou ld b e m ade geog raph ica lly ind epend entby u sing m od em s,faxes and
ce ll phon es,few com panies orem ploy ee s take fulladv antage ofthis po ss ibilit y.
There are a nu m berofstrong argu m ents in favo rofallowing workers to work from ho m e.
Firstly costs for em ploy ers wou ld b e redu ce d .................... bu siness es wou ld requ ire
less office space ,which is often situated in the ce nter of large citi es.
.................... ,worker's lives wou ld be im prov ed in a variety of ways.
.................... ,they wou ld no tnee d to travelto g etto work, which wou ld g ive them m ore
free tim e.
.................... , they cou ld com bine their
work with theirfamil y life,which is a m ajoradv antage ifthey are parents of young
children o rthey h ave old p eop le to look after..................... , traveling to a
ce ntralize d workp lace also has a nu m ber o f po ints in its favo r..................... m any
em ploy ee s wou ld mi ss the socialaspec tof w ork .................... see ing collea gu es and
m ee ting custom ers..................... em ploy ers wou ld n ee d to b e able to trust
their workers to work at a high stand ard and finish theirwork on tim e,....................
sup ervising teleworkers is even m ore com plica ted than sup ervising workers in the
sam e office .
.................... ,working from ho m e mi ght inh ibit tea m work and crea tive work and so
perhaps so on ly rea lly suitable forpeop le do ing rou tine office work.
.................... , I believe that.................... m any workers welcom e the oppo rtun ity to
go ou tto work, o thers wou ld find the chance to work from ho m e very conv enient.
W here po ss ible,Ithink workers shou ld b e offered the cho ice , but no tforce d to work from
ho m e un less they wish to.
In rece ntyea rs the vastexp ansion of inform ation and comm un ica tions tec hno logy h as
m ade teleworking m uch m ore prac tica l. Although in m any ca ses o ffice workers cou ld

be m ade g eog raph ica lly ind epend entby u sing m od em s,faxes and ce ll phon es,few
com panies orem ploy ee s take fulladv antage ofthis po ss ibilit y.
There are a nu m berofstrong argu m ents in
favo rofallowing workers to work from ho m e. Firstly costs for em ploy ers wou ld b e
redu ce d bec ause bu siness es wou ld requ ire less office space ,which is often situated
in the ce nteroflarge citi es.Sec ond ly,worker's lives wou ld be im prov ed in a
variety of ways.For exa m ple,they wou ld no tnee d to travelto getto work, which
wou ld give them m ore free tim e.
Also,they cou ld com bine theirwork with theirfamil y life,which is a m ajor adv antage if
they are parents ofyoung children o rthey h ave old p eop le to look after.O n the other
hand , traveling to a ce ntralize d workp lace also has a nu m ber o f po ints in its
favo r.The first is that m any em ploy ee s wou ld mi ss the socialaspec t of work such
as see ing collea gu es and m ee ting custom ers.A further pointis
thatem ploy ers wou ld n ee d to b e able to trusttheirworkers to work ata high stand ard
and finish theirwork on tim e,since sup ervising teleworkers is even m ore
com plica ted than sup ervising workers in the sam e office .
Finally,working from ho m e mi gh tinh ibittea m work and crea tive work and so
perhaps so on ly rea lly suitable forpeop le do ing rou tine office work.
In conclusion, I believe thatw hile m any workers welcom e the oppo rtun ity to go out
to work, o thers wou ld find the chance to work from ho m e very conv enient.W here
po ss ible,Ithink workers shou ld b e offered the cho ice , bu tno tforce d to work from ho m e
un less they wish to.
Sam ple 10
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Now aday s m any stud ents hav e the o pp ortun ity to stud y forpartorall of their
courses in fore ign coun tries.
W hile stud ying a broa d brings m any benefits to ind ividu al stud ents, it also has a
nu m ber ofdisadva ntag es.
Do you agree ordisagree ? W rite atlea st250 words.
W hich of these thing s shou ld you include in you ranswerto this qu estion?
W ri te YES,NO O R M AY BE nextto eac h qu estion.
1 W hatprob lem s stud ents m ay h ave study ing abroad and whatis good abou tit.
....................
2 W hat coun tries gain and lose from p eop le go ing abroad to study. ....................
3 W hether gov ernm ents shou ld sub sidise stud ents’stud ies abroad. ....................
4 You rperson alexp erience ofstudy ing abroad, o rthe exp erience ofpeop le you kno w.
....................

5 W hat is wrong with you r coun try’s edu ca tion system . ....................
Sam ple 11
Rea d the following sam ple answer.
Com plete the answerby filli ng the gaps with a word o rph rase from the box b elow.
although beca use finally firstly
i n m y
op inion
such as
for
exam ple
m oreove
sec ond ly furtherm ore
w h a tis
therefor m ore
in con trast du e to on the otherhand
In rece ntyea rs there has bee n a vastincrea se in the nu m ber of stud ents choo sing
to study abroad. This is partly
.................... peop le are m ore affluentand partly .................... the variety of grants
and scho larships which are available for ov ersea s stud ents no wadays.....................
foreign study is no t som ething which every stud entwou ld choo se,it is an attrac tive
op tion form any p eop le.
Study ing ov ersea s has a nu m ber of a d v antages..................... , it m ay give
stud ents acce ss to kno wledg e and fac iliti es
.................... labo ratories and libraries which are no tavailable in theirho m e coun try.
.................... , by look ing abroad stud ents m ay find a widerrang e ofcou rses than tho se
offered in theircoun try’s un iversiti es, and .................... on e which fits m ore closely
to their particularrequ irem ents.
.................... , study ing abroad h as a nu m berofdrawbac ks.These m ay be d ivided
into person al and profess ion al.
.................... stud ents have to lea ve theirfamil y and friend s for a long period.
.................... study ing abroad is alm ost
always m ore exp ensive thatstudy ing in on e’s loca l un iversity..................... ,
stud ents often h ave to study in a foreign langu age,which m ay limit their p erform ance
and m ea n they do no tattain theirtrue level.
.................... , ho wever, the disadv antages o f study ing abroad are usually tem po rary
in n ature.Stud ents who study abroad g enerally b ec om e proficient in the langu age
qu ite soon and they are on ly away from theirfamil y and friend s fora y ea r or two.
.................... , m any of the b enefits laststud ents all theirlives and m ake them high ly
desirable to p rospec tive em ploy ers.

Answer
In rece ntyea rs there has bee n a vastincrea se in the nu m ber of stud ents choo sing
to study abroad. This is partly bec ause peop le are m ore affluent and partly du e to
the variety of grants and scho larships which are available for ov ersea s stud ents
no wadays.Although foreign study is no t som ething which every stud entwou ld
choo se,it is an attrac tive op tion form any p eop le.
Study ing ov ersea s has a nu m berof adv antages.Firstly/For exa m ple, it m ay g ive
stud ents acce ss to kno wledg e and fac iliti es such as labo ratories and libraries which are
no tavailable in theirho m e coun try. Further m ore /M ore ov er /W hatis m ore /Sec ond ly,
by look ing abroad stud ents m ay find a widerrang e ofcou rses than tho se offered in
their coun try’s
un iversiti es, and there fore on e which fits m ore closely to theirparticularrequ irem ents.
on the other hand ,study ing abroad has a nu m berofdrawbac ks.These m ay be d ivided
into p erson aland p rofess ion al.Firstly stud ents have to lea ve theirfamil y and friend s for
a long p eriod. Further m ore /M ore ov er /W hatis m ore /Sec ond ly study ing abroad is
alm ostalways m ore exp ensive thatstudy ing in on e’s loca lun iversity.
Finally/Further m ore /M ore ov er /W hatis m ore ,stud ents often h ave to study in a foreign
langu age,which m ay limit their p erform ance and m ea n they do no tattain theirtrue
level.
In m y opinion/O n the other hand ,
ho wever,the disadv antages ofstudy ing abroad are usually tem po rary in n ature.
Stud ents who study abroad g enerally b ec om e proficientin the langu age qu ite soon and
they are on ly away from theirfamil y and friend s fora yea rortwo. Further m ore /W hatis
m ore ,m any ofthe b enefits laststud ents all theirlives and m ake them high ly d esirable
to p rospec tive em ploy ers.
Sam ple 12
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
As m ass comm un ication and transportcontinu e to g row,societies are bec om ing
m ore and m ore alike leading to a ph enom enon kn ow n as globalization.Som e
people fearthatglobalization w illinevitably lead to the totalloss of cultural
identity.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this statem ent?

G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elan swer:
G lob aliza tion m ea ns thatin som e ways p eop le around the world are bec omi ng
m ore and m ore simil ar.We often ea tthe sam e food, watch the sam e TV p rog ramm es,
listen to the sam e m usic and we wea rthe sam e clothes.Som e ofthis atlea stca n b e
blam ed on the sprea d of m ulti nation albrand s available all ov erthe world.
O n the surface ,it m ay app ea ras ifthe g lob aldiversity o fculturalidentiti es is b eing lost.
If,the argu m entgo es, p eop le in Tokyo and London look and d ress the sam e,then that
m ustm ea n thatcultural d ifference s are disapp ea ring. However, I wou ld argu e thatthis
is a very n arr ow d efiniti on o fculture and thatin fac tculturaldifference s are as present
as ever.CulturalIdentit y is bu ilt on farm ore than justthe film s we watch o rthe jea ns we
wea r.The found ation o fculturalidentit y is shared v alues.W hen you look in d etail at
differentcultures, you rea lize thatthe thing s thatare im po rtantto on e culture ca n
be very d ifferentfrom the things v alued by ano therculture.
Take m y o wn culture,Ind ia,as an exam ple and com pare it to a very d ifferentculture,
Japan. Although Ihave nevervisited Japan p erson ally, Ibelieve thatit is a culture which
place s a lotofvalue on h ard work and thatpeop le often work v ery long
hou rs.The Ind ian p eop le,in con trast, g rea tly v alue theirleisure tim e and strive to spend
as m uch lim e with theirfamil y as they po ss ibly ca n. Even ifwe con sum e the sam e
produ cts,Iwou ld argu e thatthere
are still som e very d ee p-roo ted d ifference s.
To summ arize ,Ido no tacce ptthatthattotalloss ofculturalidentit y is inevitable,
despite the influence oflarge com panies
and theirprodu cts around the glob e.
Sam ple 13
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
In som e coun tries yo un g people have little leisure tim e and are und er a lotof
pre ss ure to w ork hard in theirstud ies.
W hat do yo u think are the causes of this?
W hatsolutions can yo u sugg est?
G ive rea son s for you r answer and include

any relevantexam ples from you rown kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
Som e young p eop le find them selves with v ery littl e leisure tim e.Ibelieve there are two
m ain ca uses ofthis situation. The firstis parentalpress ure and the sec ond is
com petiti on forun iversity p lace s.
Every p arentwants to see his orherchild do well in schoo land go on to h ave a
succe ss fulca ree r.This m ea ns thatthey exertpress ure on theirchildren to spend hou rs
eac h d ay study ing atho m e.Som e even arr ang e extra tuiti on for theirchildren. In
m y own coun try, it is not
un comm on foryoung p eop le to spend ano ther three hou rs at sm all private schoo ls
aftertheirusualday atstale school is ov er. As a con sequ ence , their leisure tim e is
extrem ely limit ed and the press ure on them is con siderable.
The sec ond ca use is related to the high eredu ca tion system .Eac h y ea r,there are m any
tim es m ore app lica nts to un iversity than there are un iversity p lace s.The result o fthis is
thaton ly tho se stud ents with v ery h igh g rades m anage to ob tain a place .This
con tribu tes to the press ure on tee nagers since they m ustwork long hou rs to h ave any
chance ofsucce ss .
O ne solution to the prob lem is forparents to b e m ade aware ofthe effec ts ofthe
press ure they pu t on their children.
Schoo ls shou ld inform parents thattoo m uch p ress ure ca n lea d to anx iety,stress and
depress ion. They shou ld b e sho wn ways in which they ca n h elp theirchildren lea d
m ore balance d lives with a rea son able am oun tofleisure tim e.
Ano ther effec tive m ea sure wou ld b e for the gov ernm entto inv estin the crea tion of
m ore un iversity p lace s.This cou ld b e done by exp and ing existing un iversiti es orby
bu ilding n ew on es.This wou ld h ave the effec tofea sing com petiti on forplace s g iving
tee nagers som e of their prec ious free lim e bac k.
(296 words)
Sam ple 14
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Scientists and the new s m edia a re pre senting ever m ore evidence of clim ate
change.G ov er nm nets cann otbe expec ted to solve this problem .Itis the
re sponsibili ty o find ividu als to change their lifestyle to pre vent furtherdam ag e.
W hatare yo urview s?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.

G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Rece ntly scientists worr ied abou tclim ate chang e have urged gov ernm ents to introdu ce
m ea sures to redu ce the g ree nhou se gas emi ss ion s thatare see n as its m ain ca use.
Sim ou ltaneou slty, po liti cians and env iron m entalists have u rged ind ividu als to m ake
chang es to theirlifestyle. I shall argu e that gov ernm ents and ind ividu als shou ld take
join respon sibilit y forthis prob lem .
Firstly,indu stry acc oun ts fora large p ropo rtion o f the gree nhou se gas emi ss ion s,and
this ca n on ly b e con trolled by gov ernm entac tion. M ea sures cou ld be taken to
discou rage po llution, such as limiti ng o rtaxing the use offoss il fuels.Alternatively,
sub sidies cou ld be offered
to indu stries to clea n up theirprodu ction p roce ss es.If these idea s were adop ted, I
believe thatbu siness es wou ld regard po llution as a financialiss ue.
Sec ond ly, on ly d iscuss ion b etwee n gov ernm ents ca n ensure thatsolution s are
succe ss ful.The Kyo to agree m ent,for exam ple, tried to reac h glob al agree m ent on
ho w to add ress the prob lem .W ithout such co-op erating, it see m s to m e thatefforts to
redu ce fuelcon sum ption are un likely to b e effec tive.
However, n ation aland internation al po licies will on ly seccee d ifind ividu als also chang e
theirlifestyle.Forexam ple, p eop le cou ld think m ore ca refully about ho w they u se energy
in theirho m es.By u sing less elec tricity,installi ng energy -efficient ligh t bu lbs and
elec trica l
app liance s, o rinv esting in solarpanels,ind ividu als ca n m ake a rea ldifference .
In add iti on, Ithink ind ividu alattit ud es to transpo rt nee d to chang e. Instea d of
m aking sho rttips by ca r, p eop le cou ld choo se to walk, cycle,ortake a bu s.Since ca rs
are a m ajorsou rce ofthe prob lem ,chang ing ou rbehaviou rin this area wou ld h ave a
m ajorim pac t.
In con clusion, Iwou ld m aintain thaton ly a com bination o finternation alagree m ent,
nation al po licies, and chang es in ind ividu albehaviou rwill succee d in p reventing
furtherdam age to the env iron m ent.
(291 words)
Sam ple 15
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:

Som e people say thatadver tising encourag es us to bu y things thatw e re ally
do notnee d.O ther s say that a dver tisem ents tell us aboutnew produ cts that
m ay im prov e ourlives.
W hich view pointdo yo u ag ree w ith?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
The pu rpo se ofadv ertising is to tell the con sum er abou t any n ew produ ct or
service orany n ew prom otion on the existing p rodu ctand service .We nee d it so we ca n
m ake good dec ision s when we go shopp ing. Adv ertising tells us when new and
im prov ed p rodu cts bec om e available and lets us kno w which on es have the best p rice .
Through adv ertising we lea rn abou tnew p rodu cts. For exam ple, m any g roce ry
stores no w sell prepac kaged lun ches.These are very conv enient for bu sy
parents. They ca n give these lun ches to
theirchildren to take to schoo l.Busy p arents don ’thave tim e to look atevery item on the
store shelf,so without adv ertising they mi gh t no t kno w about such a conv enientnew
produ ct.
Even p rodu cts we are famili arwith m ay be im prov ed, and adv ertising lets us know abou t
this. M ost peop le use ce ll phon es, bu t new typ es of ce ll phon e service
bec om e available all the tim e.There are d ifferentplans thatgive you m ore hou rs to talk
on the phon e, you ca n send text m ess ages and pho tos,and n extwee k p rob ably som e
even n ewertyp e ofservice will be available.By watching adv ertisem ents on TV it is ea sy
to find out abou tnew im prov em ents to all kind s of p rodu cts.
Adv ertisem ents kee p u s inform ed about p rice s.Price s chang e all the tim e, but everyon e
ca n look atthe ads in the n ewspaperand see whatthe latestprice s are.Adv ertisem ents
also inform us about sales.In fac t,som e peop le buy the n ewspaper on ly in o rder to
chec k the p rice s and p lan theirwee kly shopp ing.
Adv ertisem ents im prov e ou rlives by k ee ping u s inform ed abou tthe latest p rodu cts
develop m ents and the bestprice s.Adv ertisem ents serve a usefulpu rpo se.
(281 words)
Sam ple 16
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Su cce ss fulsports profess ionals can earn a g re atdealm ore m oney than people in
other im portantprofess ions.

Som e people think this is fully justified w hile other s think itis un fair.
Discuss both these view s and give yo ur o w n opinion.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
As a result ofcon stantm edia attention, spo rts profess ion als in m y coun try h ave b ec om e
stars and ce lebriti es,and tho se atthe top are paid hug e salaries.Justlike m ov ie stars,
they live extravagant lifestyles with hug e hou ses and ca rs.
M any p eop le find theirrewards un fair,espec ially when com paring these sup ersalaries
with tho se oftop surgeon s or resea rch scientists, o reven lea ding po liti cians who h ave
the respon sibilit y of gov erning the coun try.However,spo rts salaries are no tdetermi ned
by con sidering the con tribu tion to society a person m akes, o rthe levelofrespon sibilit y
he orshe ho lds.Instea d, they reflec tthe pub lic popu larity o fspo rtin g eneraland the
level o fpub lic suppo rtthatsucce ss fulstars ca n g enerate.So the no tion of‘fairness ’is
not
the iss ue.
Tho se who fee l that spo rts stars’salaries are justified mi gh t argu e that the nu m ber
ofprofess ion als with rea ltalentare very few,and the m on ey is a rec ogn iti on o fthe skill s
and d edica tion a person n ee ds to be succe ss ful.Com petiti on is con stantand a p layeris
tested every tim e they perform in theirrelatively sho rtca ree r.The press ure from the
m edia is intense and there is littl e p rivac y ou tofthe spo tli gh t.So all ofthese fac tors
m ay justify the hug e ea rning s.
Person ally,Ithink thatthe am oun tof m on ey such spo rts stars m ake is m ore justified
than the hug e ea rning s ofm ov ie stars, bu tatthe sam e tim e,it ind ica tes that ou r society
place s m ore value on spo rtthan on m ore ess ential profess ion s and
ac hievem ents.(251 words)Sam ple 17
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Schoo lchildre n are bec om ing fartoo depend enton com pu ter s.This is hav ing a n
alarm ing effec ton re ading a nd w riting skill s.Teacher s nee d to avo id using
com pu ter s in the class roo m atallcosts and go back to teaching basic stud y
skill s.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?

G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
Nowadays m od ern tec hno logy h as totally chang ed ou rapp roac h to stud y.In m any
coun tries stud ents no long erhave to copy no tes by h and from the blac kbo ard;
instea d the teac her gives them a pho tocop y.Ratherthan m ess y ink and p en,
stud ents presenta typ ed-up copy o ftheirass ign m ents.Theircom pu tereven chec ks
theirspelli ng as they go. In fac t,som e p eop le believe that m od ern tec hno logy do es a
lotofou rthink ing forus and, as a result, we are go ing to lose ou r abilit y to
think forou rselves.
In m y op inion, spelli ng skill s have d efinitely d eteriorated in rece ntyea rs.So m any young
peop le use m ob ile phon es to send textm ess ages where spee d and con ciseness are
m ore im po rtantthan spelli ng o rgramm ar.Som e teac hers com plain thatthese stud ents
take the sam e attit ud e toward theirass ign m ents.
O n the otherhand, typ ed ass ign m ents are m uch ea sierto rea d and are m uch nea ter.
Frank ly,Ifind som e no tes ortexts which are hand writt en alm ostim po ss ible to rea d.
Doctors, for exam ple, h ave a repu tation forill egible hand writi ng, which cou ld lea d to
disastrou s m edica lmi stakes.Perhaps itis tim e we focused no ton h and writi ng but on
presenting inform ation as acc urately as
po ss ible.
O ne adv antage ofcom pu ters is thatacce ss to the Internethas op ened up a new world o f
lea rning forus.W e no long erhave to wait fora book thathas alrea dy b ee n bo rr owed
from the library before we do ou rresea rch. In fac t,the Internetca n clea rly b e used
to resea rch inform ation in the sam e way as a library bu tm ore conv eniently.
O n the who le,ratherthan ho lding stud ents b ac k, Ibelieve m od ern tec hno logy h as
ac tually im prov ed stand ards ofedu ca tion con siderably.
(276 words)
Sam ple 18
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
G ov er nm ents should m ake m ore effortto prom ote alter native source s of ener gy.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .

W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
Ithas bee n kno wn forsom e tim e no w that
a m ov e towards sou rce s ofenergy which are no t ca rbon -based is urgently requ ired to
stop the effec ts of glob al warmi ng. In m y v iew,there are too few gov ernm ents who
see m to b e prom oting the use ofothertyp es ofenergy such as wind, wave,solarand
nu clea rsou rce s ofenergy.
G ov ernm ents atpresentare too relianton coil,oil and gas.Although som e
gov ernm ents are do ing resea rch into the u se of alternative energy sou rce s, m any
are no t.Energy from the wind, the sea and the sun do es no tpo llute the env iron m ent and
is an everlasting sou rce ofpo wer.Nuclea rpo weris clea n, and although it is no t totally
unp rob lem atic, it wou ld p rov ide a large am oun tofenergy and d ram atica lly im prov e the
env iron m ent.Coun tries such as France have m ade good
use ofnu clea rpo wer.
M y fee ling is thatm ore use cou ld b e m ade o f wind po wer. In som e coun tries, there
has bee n a reluctance to use wind turbines,even in area s which are no tdensely
popu lated, as som e peop le believe they are eyesores.Person ally,Ibelieve they are not
on ly u seful, bu tbea utifulas well.G ov ernm ents shou ld spend m ore tim e and effort
prom oting the benefits of this sou rce ofenergy and trying to m ake the pub lic
und erstand the rea son forchang e.
In con clusion, Ibelieve that,if gov ernm ents force d everyon e to h ave a wind turbine and
solarpanels on the bu ilding they live in, m ade m ore use of wave po werand bu ilt m ore
nu clea rpo werstation s,then they wou ld m anage to avert
the dang ers that are seriou sly threa tening the Earth.
(268 words)
Sam ple 19
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Coun ties such as China, Ind ia a nd Ja pan hav e un sustainable popu lation grow ths.
In factm any exper ts are ofthe opinion thatthe popu lation ‘explosion’w hich is
now a v er y w orr ying concer n,is the
m ostser ious thre atto life on this planet.
Gi ve som e sugg estions to a dd re ss this
problem .

W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
Itis true thatthe popu lation ‘exp losion’ which h as taken p lace ov er the last
ce ntury,is a very seriou s prob lem .O ne of the m ain rea son s forthis un acce ptable
popu lation g rowth is a lac k of und erstand ing abou tthe env iron m ent.O ver-popu lation is
the m ajorrea son for water, soil and air po llution. It is also o ften the ca use of
starvation and even wars.Exp erts have pu tforward m any sugg estion s to add ress this
prob lem .The following are justa few ofthese.
The m ost im po rtant wea pon we have to
figh tpopu lation g rowth is edu ca tion. This shou ld startata very ea rly age i.e. b efore
children even go to schoo l. TV ca rtoons and children’s prog ram s ca n b e used to
edu ca te the very young. At high school level,stud ents ca n b e taugh tabou tthe
prob lem m ore direc tly. Atun iversity level,scho larships shou ld b e m ade available to
stud ents who wish to study furtherin this field. Internation alexchang e group s m ay also
help to increa se awareness .
Ano therim po rtantm ea ns ofcon trolli ng popu lation g rowth is to d isadv antage p eop le who
have m ore than on e ortwo children. This ca n b e don e, as it is in China,by m ea ns
ofa high ertax. Although it is con trov ersial, p erson s who com e forward to b e sterili ze d
cou ld b e given a sum of m on ey.It m ay also be po ss ible to
m ake it adv antageou s forpeop le to h ave on ly on e child by g iving such coup les a spec ial
tax d edu ction.
Itshou ld also b e po ss ible to m ake con trace ption d evice s free to the pub lic and ea sily
ob tainable.
This prob lem is a very d ifficult on e to add ress bu twe shou ld m ake every effortto do so.
There are m any o therprob lem s which are related to ov er-popu lation such as increa sing
crim e,illit erac y and po llution. So by add ress ing on e prob lem we wou ld b e add ress ing
the others as well.
(298 words)
Sam ple 20
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
In a rece ntsurvey condu cted in this coun try, itw as found thatup to 20% of
tw elve year-olds in som e schoo ls w er e show ing early signs ofnicotine
add iction.
In the eightee n to tw enty y earage bracketthe perce ntag e w as as high as
70%. A large contribu ting factorto this high levelofadd iction is attribu ted to the
un ce nsore d TV adver tising of ciga re tt es.

Forthis re ason all ciga re tt e adver tising should be bann ed.
Discuss .
W rite atlea st250 words.m od elanswer:
The iss ue ofcigarette adv ertising is an im po rtanton e,espec ially in this coun try where
so m any young ado lesce nts sm ok e.O ne ofthe m ain ca uses ofthis prob lem is p ee r
press ure.Ano therca use is adv ertising, espec ially TV adv ertising. Sm ok ing, as we all
kno w,lea ds to a nu m berofhea lth p rob lem s such as ca nce rand h ea rtdisea se.M any
peop le think thatcigarette adv ertising shou ld no tbe bann ed since this wou ld limit ou r
free cho ice in this m atter.Howeverthere is growing evidence thatthis seriou s prob lem
is g etti ng ou tofcon trol.Letus exami ne the fac ts m ore closely.
The m ostim po rtantrea son why cigarette adv ertising shou ld b e bann ed is thatcigarette
is bad forou rhea lth. Sm ok ing ca uses lung ca nce rand h ea rtdisea se.M any p eop le also
sufferfrom slow and p ainfuldea th from a disea se ca lled em phy sem a.
Ano therim po rtantrea son why cigarette adv ertising shou ld b e bann ed is thatitcosts the
tax p ayerm on ey. Peop le who b ec om e sick from sm ok ing h ave to be ca red forin
exp ensive ho spitals.In add iti on theirdea ths often results in financialprob lem fortheir
famili es.Finally cigarette sm ok ing m ay lea d to ano therprob lem nam ely d rug add iction.
Although there is no tcon clusive evidence thatthis often h app ens,m any exp erts in this
area fee lthatthere is a conn ec tion b etwee n the two.
Perhaps a solution to this prob lem is the edu ca tion o fyoung children con ce rning the
dang ers oftaking up this habit.Also a h ea vy tax cou ld b e place d on cigarettes so
thatyoung sters wou ld no tbe able to afford them .In any ca se,it see m s beyond any
rea son able doub tthatcigarette adv ertising shou ld b e bann ed.
(267 words)
Sam ple 21
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Illi ter acy has traditionally bee n view ed a s largely a third w orld problem .H ow ever
itis bec om ing a pp are ntthatin
coun tries such as the USA and
Australia, illi ter acy is on the incre ase.
Discuss po ss ible ca uses forthis and its effec ton society.
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:

Itis true thatillit erac y is bec omi ng a seriou s prob lem in indu strialised n ation s.This is
surprising as m ostpeop le think thatthis is a prob lem on ly in und er-develop ed n ation s
such as in p arts of Africa and Ind ia.Illit erac y is related to m any o therprob lem s such as
pov erty, ov er-popu lation and gov ernm entalcorrup tion. Letus take a m ore detailed
look atthe ca uses ofthis growing p rob lem in m any We stern n ation s.
O ne ofthe m ostobv iou s rea son s forthe increa se in illit erac y is the adv entof television.
Children no long erhave to rea d to ob tain inform ation. Neitherdo they
have to rea d to relax. Tod ay children g et ho m e from schoo land go straigh tto “the
box ”to watch theirfavo rite prog ram .Wa tching television is m uch ea sierand m ore
exciti ng than rea ding.
Ano therrea son forthe increa se in illit erac y is the fac tthatso m any wom en work. This
m ea ns thatchildren are often alon e atho m e and so they are un sup ervised. W hen
parents getho m e they are often too tired to spend qu alit y tim e whit theirchildren.
Itis also true thatm any p eop le blam e schoo ls forthe dec line in illit erac y. In
m any coun tries there has bee n a m ove away from teac hing b asic skill s such as rea ding
and writi ng.
There are m any effec ts ofthis growing illit erac y rate.The m ostobv iou s is
un em ploy m ent.This m ay in turn lea d to alcoho land d rug abu se.Ultim ately the ec ono m y
ofthe coun try b egins to sufferand there is a drop in living stand ards.To add ress this
prob lem , p arents nee d to b ec om e m ore aware oftheirrespon sibiliti es and schoo ls nee d
to con sidera chang e in theirteac hing m ethod s.If this worsening trend is not reversed,
the prob lem ofillit erac y will b ec om e very seriou s.
(286 words)
Sam ple 22
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Using a com pu ter ever y day can have m ore nega tive than positive effec ts on
yo urchildre n.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Itend to agree thatyoung children ca n be n egatively affec ted by too m uch tim e
spenton the com pu terevery d ay. This is p artly b eca use sitti ng in fron tofa scree n for
too long ca n b e dam aging to bo th the eyes and the phy sica lpo sture ofa young child,
regardless ofwhatthey are using the com pu terfor.

However,the m ain con ce rn is abou tthe typ e ofcom pu terac tiviti es thatattrac tchildren.
These are often elec tron ic gam es thattend to b e very intense and rather v iolent.The
playeris usually the ‘hero’of the gam e and too m uch expo sure ca n encou rage children
to b e self-ce ntred and insensiti ve to o thers.
Even when children u se a com pu terfor o therpu rpo ses,such as getti ng inform ation
orem aili ng friend s,it is no
sub stit ute forhu m an interac tion. Spend ing tim e with o therchildren and sharing
nonv irtualexp erience s is an im po rtantpart
ofa child's develop m entthatca nno tbe p rov ided by a com pu ter.
In spite ofthis,the obv iou s benefits of com pu terskill s foryoung children ca nnot b e
denied. Theiradu lt world will be chang ing con stantly in term s of tec hno logy and the
Internetis the key to all the kno wledg e and inform ation available in the world tod ay.
Therefore itis im po rtantthatchildren lea rn atan ea rly age to u se the equ ipm ent
enthu siastica lly and with con fidence as they will nee d these skill s throughou ttheir
stud ies and working lives.
Ithink the m ain po intis to m ake sure that young children do no tov eruse com pu ters.
Parents m ustensure thattheirchildren lea rn to enjoy o therkind s ofac tivity and no t
sim ply sit atho m e,lea rning to live in a virtualworld.
(273 words)
Sam ple 23
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
In today 's com petitive w orld,m any fam ili es find itnece ss ary forboth pare nts to
go o utto w ork. W hile som e say the childre n in these fam ili es benefitfrom the
add itionalincom e, o ther s fee lthey lack supp ortbec ause oftheirpare nts'
absence .
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
In the pasta typ ica lfamil y con sisted o fa fatherwho wentou tto work and a m otherwho
stayed atho m e and look ed afterthe children. Nowadays,it is the no rm forbo th p arents
to work. This situation ca n affec tchildren bo th po siti vely and n egatively. Som e peop le
think thatthe children of working p arents are in an adv antageous po siti on where their
parents are able to afford m ere luxu ries such as new clothes, v ideo g am es orm ob ile
phon es.Propon ents o fthis view argu e thatchildren are able to enjoy and exp erience
m ore from life due

to theirparents'extra wea lth, forexam ple,
by go ing on foreign ho lidays.
O n the otherhand, ho wever,there are tho se who claim thatwhen bo th p arents work,
theirchildren do no tgetenough suppo rtand attention, m ea ning thatthe children mi gh t
no tdo as well atschool b eca use there is no on e athou se to p rov ide suppo rtwith such
thing s as ho m ework or exam revision. The absence ofa parentat ho m e cou ld m ake it
ea sierforchildren to g etinvo lved in such thing s as drug s or und ertake drink ing.
W hen Iwas growing up, bo th m y p arents worked and Iwas always well prov ided for.
O n the otherhand, Ithink thatitwou ld som etim es have bee n b etterifIcou ld h ave
see n m ore ofm y p arents.
In con clusion, Ibelieve thatwe ca nnot chang e the fac tthatbo th p arents have to work
no wadays.Itis no tan idea lsituation,
bu tifparents m ake tim e fortheirchildren in the evening s and atthe wee kend s,then the
children will no tsufferin any way. Itm ustbe stated thatthe extra incom e g enerated by
bo th parents working, m akes fora m uch h igh erstand ard o fliving which b enefits the
who le famil y.
(295 words)
Sam ple 24
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Ifyo u could change one im portantthing a boutyo urhom etow n,w hatw ould you
change?
Use re asons and spec ific exa m ples to
supp ortyo uransw er .
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
If Icou ld chang e on e thing abou tm y ho m etown, Ithink it wou ld b e the fac tthatthere’s
no sense ofcomm un ity h ere.
Peop le don ’tfee lconn ec ted, they don ’tlook ou tforeac h o ther,and they don ’tgetto
kno w theirneighbo rs.
Peop le com e and go a lothere.They chang e job s frequ ently and m ov e on. This m ea ns
thatthey don ’tpu tdo wn roo ts in
the comm un ity. They don ’tjoin comm un ity o rganiza tion s and they’re not willi ng to g et
invo lved in trying to

im prov e the qu alit y o flife.If som eon e has a petiti on to pu tin a new stree tligh t,she h as
a very h ard tim e getti ng a lotofpeop le to sign. They don ’tfee lit has any thing to do with
them .They don ’tgetinvo lved in im prov ing the schoo ls beca use they don ’tthink the
qu alit y o fedu ca tion is im po rtant to theirlives.They don ’tsee the
conn ec tion b etwee n them selves and the restoftheircomm un ity.
Peop le don ’ttry to suppo rtothers around them .They don ’tkee p a friend ly eye on their
children, o rchec k in on olderfolks ifthey don ’tsee them fora few days.
They’re no taware when p eop le around them m ay b e go ing through a hard tim e.For
exam ple,they m ay no tkno w ifa
neighbo rloses a lov ed on e.There’s no ta lotofcomm un ity suppo rtforind ividu als.
Neighbo rs don ’tgetto kno w eac h o ther.Again, this is beca use peop le com e and go
within a few yea rs.So when n eighbo rs go on v aca tion, no on e is kee ping an eye on their
hou se.No on e is m aking sure no thing suspiciou s is go ing on there,like ligh ts in the
mi dd le ofthe nigh t.W hen n eighbo rs’children are cutti ng ac ross som eon e’s
lawn on theirbikes,there’s no friend ly way o fca sually m ention ing the prob lem .
Peop le imm ediately ac tas ifit’s a m ajor p rop erty d isagree m ent.
M y ho m etown is a nice place to live in m any ways, bu tit wou ld b e m uch n ice ifwe
had thatsense ofcomm un ity.
(331 words)
Sam ple 25
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
A com pany has ann oun ce d thatitw ishes to bu ild a large factory nearyo ur
comm un ity.
Discuss the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofthis new influence on yo ur
comm un ity. Do yo u supp ortor o pp ose the factory? Explain yo urposition.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
New fac tories often b ring m any good thing s to a comm un ity, such as job s and
increa sed p rosperity. However,in m y op inion, the benefits ofhaving a fac tory are
ou tweigh ed by the risks.Thatis why I oppo se the plan to bu ild a fac tory n ea rm y
comm un ity.
Ibelieve thatthis city wou ld b e harm ed by a large fac tory. In p articular,a fac tory wou ld
destroy the qu alit y o fthe airand waterin town. Fac tories bring sm og and po llution. In
the long run, the env iron m ent will be hu rtand p eop le’s hea lth will be affec ted. Having a
fac tory is no tworth thatrise.
O fcou rse,m ore job s will be crea ted by the
fac tory. O urpopu lation will grow.To acc omm od ate m ore workers,m ore ho m es and
stores will be nee ded. Do we rea lly wantthis m uch g rowth, so fast? If our town is go ing

in g rowth, Iwou ld p referslow growth with good p lann ing. Idon ’twantto see rows of
chea ply con structed townhou ses.O urqu alit y o flife m ustbe con sidered.
Ibelieve thatthis growth will chang e our city too m uch. Ilov e m y ho m etown b eca use it
is a safe,sm all town. Itis also ea sy to travelhere.If we m ustexp and to ho ld n ew
citi ze ns,the sm all-town fee lwill b e gon e.Im ou ld mi ss thatgrea tly.
A fac tory wou ld b e helpfulin som e ways.However,Ifee lthatthe dang ers are g rea ter
than the benefits.Ica nno tsuppo rta plan to bu ild a fac tory h ere,and hope thatothers
fee lthe sam e way.
(251 words)
Sam ple 26
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Ithas bee n said, “ Notever y thing thatis learned is contained in boo ks.”
Com pare and contrastkn ow ledge ga ined from exper ience w ith kn ow ledge ga ined
from boo ks.In yo uropinion,w hich source is m ore im portant? W hy?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
“Exp erience is the bestteac her”is an o ld cliché, bu tIagree with it.The m ost
im po rtant,and som etim es the hardest,less on s we lea rn in life com e from our
participation in situation s.You ca n’lea rn everything from a book.
O fcou rse,lea rning from book s in a form aledu ca tion alsetti ng is also v aluable.It’s in
schoo ls thatwe lea rn the inform ation we n ee d to fun ction in ou rsociety. We lea rn ho w to
spea k and write and und erstand m athem atica lequ ation s.This is allinform ation thatwe
nee d to live in our comm un iti es and ea rn a living. Nevertheless ,Ithink thatthe m ost
im po rtantless on s ca n’tbe taugh t; they
have to b e exp erience d. No on e ca n teac h u s ho w to g etalong with o thers orho w to
have self-respec t.As we grow from children into tee nagers, no on e ca n teac h u s ho w
to d ea lwith p ee rpress ure.As we lea ve ado lesce nce behind and enteradu lt
life, no on e ca n teac h u s ho w to fall in love and g etm arried.
This shou ldn ’tstop u s from look ing for gu idelines along the way. Teac hers and p arents
are valuable sou rce s ofadv ice when we’re young. As we enterinto n ew stages in ou r
lives,the adv ice we rece ive from them is very h elpfulbeca use they h ave alrea dy b ad
simil arexp erience s.But exp eriencing ou rown trium ph s and d isasters is rea lly the on ly
way to lea rn ho w to d ea lwith life.
(232 words)
Sam ple 27

You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Now aday s,foo d has bec om e easier to pre pare .H as this change im prov ed the
w ay people live?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
The twentieth ce ntury h as brough twith itm any adv ance s.W ith tho se adv ance s, hu m an
lives have chang ed d ram atica lly. In som e ways life is worse, bu tm ostly it is b etter.
Chang es in food p reparation m ethod s,forexam ple, h ave im prov ed our lives grea tly.
The conv enience ofpreparing food tod ay is am az ing. Even stov es have go tten too slow
forus.M icrowave cook ing is m uch ea sier.We ca n p ress a few bu tton s and a m ea lis
com pletely cook ed in justa sho rttim e.Peop le used to spend hou rs preparing an ov en-
cook ed m ea l,and no w they ca n
use thattim e forother, b etterthing s.Plus,there are all kind s ofpo rtable, p repac kaged
food s we ca n buy. Hea tthem
in the office mi crowave,and lun ch atwork is qu ick and ea sy.
Food p reparation tod ay allows form ore
variety. W ith refrigerators and freeze rs,we ca n p reserve a lotofdifferentfood s in ou r
ho m es.Since tec hno logy m akes cook ing so m uch faster, p eop le are willi ng to m ake
severaldishes foreven a sm allm ea l.Parents are m ore likely to letchildren b e picky,
no w thatthey ca n ea sily h ea tthem up som e prepac kaged m aca roni and chee se on the
side.Nee dless to say, adu lts living in the sam e hou se m ay h ave v ery d ifferentea ting
habits as well.If they don ’twantto cook a lotofdifferent
dishes,it’s comm on no w to ea tou tatrestaurants severaltim es a wee k. Hea lthful
ea ting is also ea sierthan ever no w.W hen p eop le cook, they u se new fatsub stit utes
and cook ing sprays to cutfat
and ca lories.This redu ce s the risk o fhea rt d isea se and h igh cho lesterol.Add iti on ally,
we ca n buy fruits and v egetable fresh, froze n o rca nn ed. They are ea sy to p repare,so
m any o fus ea tm ore oftho se nu triti ous item s daily. A hund red y ea rs ago, you cou ldn ’t
im agine the proce ss oftaking som e froze n fruit and ice from the freeze r,add ing som e
low-fatyogu rtfrom a plastic cup and som e juice from a ca n in the refrigerator,and
whipp ing up a low-fatsm oo thie in the blend er!
O urlifestyle is fast, bu tpeop le still like good food. W hatnew food p reparation
tec hno logy h as given u s is m ore cho ice s.Tod ay, we ca n p repare food thatis m ore
conv enient, h ea lthier,and o fgrea ter v ariety than everbefore in h istory.
(376 words)

Sam ple 28
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent? Pare nts are the best
teacher s.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Throughou tm y life,Ihave bee n lucky
enough to h ave a very good relation ship with m y p arents.They h ave suppo rted m e,
given m e nece ss ary criti cism ,and taught m e a grea tdea labou tho w to live m y life.
Parents ca n b e very im po rtantteac hers in ou rlives;ho wever,they are no talways the
bestteac hers.
Parents m ay b e too close to theirchildren em otion ally. Som etim es they ca n on ly see
theirchildren though the eyes ofa p rotec tor.Forexam ple,they m ay limit a child’s
free do m in the nam e ofsafety. A teac hermi gh tsee a trip to a big city as a v aluable new
exp erience .However,itmi gh tsee m too d ang erou s to a parent.Ano therprob lem is that
parents m ay exp ec ttheirchildren’s interests to be simil arto theirown. They ca n’tsee m
to separate from theirchildren in theirmi nd. If they lov e science ,they m ay try to force
theirchild to lov e science too. Butwhatiftheirchild’s true lov e is art, o rwriti ng, or ca r
repair?
Parents are usually ea gerto p ass on their v alue to theirchildren. Butshou ld children
always believe whattheirparents do? M ayb e differentgeneration s nee d d ifferent ways
ofthink ing. W hen children are
young, they b elieve thattheirparents are always righ ts.Butwhen they g etolder,they
rea lize there are otherviews.Som etim es parents,espec ially o lderon es,ca n’tkee p up
with rapid socialor tec hno logy chang es.A stud entwho h as friend s ofall differentrace s
and b ac kg round s atschoo lm ay find thather p arents don ’trea lly und erstand o rvalue
the digitalrevo lution. Som etim es kids h ave to find theirown ways to whatthey b elieve
in.
The m ostim po rtantthing to rea lize is thatwe all have m any teac hers in ou rlives.
O urparents teac h u s, ou rteac hers teac h u s,and ou rpee rs teac h u s.Book s and
newspapers and television also teac h u s.All ofthem are valuable.
(316 words)
Sam ple 29

You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
People attend college orun iver sity for m any diff ere ntre asons (f orexa m ple,
new exper ience s,career pre paration,incre ased kn ow ledge).
W hy do yo u think people attend college
orun iver sity? Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Peop le attend colleges orun iversiti es fora lotofdifferentrea son s.Ibelieve thatthe
three m ostcomm on rea son s are to p repare fora ca ree r,to h ave new exp erience s,and
to increa se theirkno wledg e ofthem selves and the world around them .
Caree rpreparation is bec omi ng m ore and m ore im po rtantto young p eop le.For
m any, this is the prim ary rea son to go to college.They kno w thatthe job m arketis
com petiti ve.Atcollege,they ca n lea rn n ew skill forca ree rs with a lotof oppo rtun iti es.
This m ea ns ca ree rs,such as inform ation tec hno logy, thatare exp ec ted to n ee d a large
workforce in the comi ng y ea rs.
Also, stud ents go to colleges and un iversiti es to h ave new exp erience s.This o ften
m ea ns having the oppo rtun ity to m ee tpeop le differentfrom tho se in their ho m etowns.
Form oststud ents, go ing to college is the firsttim e they’ve bee n away from ho m e by
them selves.In add iti on s,this is the firsttim e they’ve had to m ake d ec ision s on their
own. M aking these d ec ision s increa ses theirkno wledg e of them selves.
Besides look ing forself-kno wledg e,
peop le also attend a un iversity o rcollege
to exp and theirkno wledg e in sub jec ts they find interesting. Form any, this will be their
lastchance fora long tim e to lea rn abou tsom ething thatdo esn’trelate to
theirca ree r.
Iwou ld rec omm end thatpeop le no tbe so focused on a ca ree r.They shou ld go to
college to h ave new exp erience s and lea rn abou tthem selves and the world they live in.
(243 words)
Sam ple 30
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:

In m any coun tries today, the eating habits and lifestyle ofchildre n are
diff ere ntfrom those ofpre vious g ener ations.Som e people say this has had a
nega tive effec ton theirhealth.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ithas rece ntly b ee n sugg ested thatthe way children ea tand live no wadays has led to a
deterioration in theirhea lth. Ientirely
agree with this view,and b elieve thatthis alarmi ng situation h as com e abou tfor
severalrea son s.
To b egin with, there is the worr ying increa se in the am oun tofproce ss ed food that
children are ea ting atho m e,with littl e o rnon e ofthe fresh fruit and v egetables that
ea rliergeneration s ate every d ay. Sec ond ly, m ore and m ore young p eop le
are choo sing to ea tin fast-food restaurants,which m ay b e harml ess o cca sion ally, bu t
no tevery d ay. W hatthey ea tthere is extrem ely h igh in fat,salt and sug ar,all ofwhich
ca n b e dam aging to theirhea lth.
There is also a disturbing d ec line in the am oun tofexercise they g et.Schoo ls have
bec om e ob sess ed with exam s,with the sho cking result thatsom e pup ils no w do no
spo rts atall.To m ake m atters worse,
few even g etany exercise on the way to and from schoo l,as m ostofthem go in their
parents’ca rs ratherthan walk or cycle.Finally, children are spend ing farm ore tim e at
ho m e, p laying com pu ter g am es,watching TV orsurfing the Internet.They no long er
play ou tside with friend s ortake partin challeng ing ou tdoor ac tiviti es.
To sum up, although non e ofthese chang es cou ld, on its own, h ave ca used widesprea d
harm to children’s hea lth, there ca n be
littl e doub tthatall ofthem tog etherhave h ad a devastating effec t.This,in m y op inion,
ca n on ly b e reversed by encou raging children to return to m ove traditi on always of
ea ting and living.
(267 words)
Sam ple 31
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
The nu m ber ofov er w eightchildre n in developed coun tries is incre asing. Som e
people think this is du e to problem s

such as the grow ing nu m ber offastfood o utlets.O ther s believe thatpare nts are
to blam e fornotloo king a ft er theirchildre n's health.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree w ith these v iew s?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
There is plenty o fevidence to sugg estthatchildren are ov erweigh tand the situation
is getti ng worse,acc ording to the m edica lexp erts.Ifee lthere are a nu m berof rea son s
forthis.
Som e peop le blam e the fac tthatwe are surround ed by shop s selli ng unh ea lthy, fatty
food s such as chips and fried chicken, atlow price s.This has crea ted a
who le generation o fadu lts who h ave nevercook ed a m ea lforthem selves.If there
were fewerofthese restaurants,then children wou ld no tbe tem pted to buy take-away
food.
There is ano therargu m entthatblam es the p arents forallowing theirchildren to
bec om e ov erweigh t.Itend to agree with this view, b eca use good ea ting h abits b egin
ea rly in life,long b efore children startto v isit fastfood ou tlets.If children are given
chips and cho colate ratherthan nou rishing food, o rare always allowed to choo se what
they ea t,they will go forthe swee tand salty food s every tim e,and this will ca rr y on
throughou ttheirlives.
There is a third fac tor, ho wever,which con tribu tes to the situation. Children these d ays
take very littl e exercise.They do not walk to schoo l.W hen they g etho m e,they sit in
fron tofthe television o rtheircom pu ters and p lay v ideo g am es.Noton ly is this an
unh ea lthy p astim e,it also g ives them tim e to ea tm ore junk food. W hatthey n ee d is to
go ou tside and p lay ac tive g am es orspo rt.
The two v iews discuss ed p lay an equ al
role in con tribu ting to the prob lem , bu tIthink we have to encou rage young p eop le to b e
m ore ac tive,as well as stee ring them away from fastfood ou tlets and b ad ea ting h abits.
We nee d to have a balance d app roac h.
Position:W riterrefers to a nu m berof rea son s in the introdu ction, and to the nee d fora
balance d v iew in the con clusion. M ain ideas:Firstsentence ofthe sec ond p aragraph ;
firstand sec ond sentence s of
the third p aragraph ;sec ond sentence ofthe fou rth p aragraph.
Link er s:and, acc ording to, som e peop le,such as,if,then, there is ano therargu m ent,
beca use, o r,there is a third fac tor,
ho wever, no ton ly, also, the two v iews
discuss ed, bu t,as well as Refere nce w ords:the,this,who, them selves,these,this
view,they, their,them

Topic vo cabu lary:m edica lexp erts,shop s, unh ea lthy, fatty food s,chips,cook ed,
take-away food, cho colate,swee tand salty, exercise,walk, television, com pu ters,
video gam es, unh ea lthy p astim e,junk food, ac tive gam es,spo rt,fastfood ou tlets
Sentence types:A wide rang e ofcom plex structures and sentence s is used.
Length:286 words
Sam ple 32
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Now aday s w e are produ cing m ore and m ore rubb ish.
W hy do yo u think this is happ ening? W hatcan gov er nm ents do to help re du ce
the am oun tofrubb ish produ ce d?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ithink it is true thatin alm ostevery
coun try tod ay eac h hou seho ld and famil y p rodu ce s a large am oun tofwaste every wee k.
M ostofthis rubb ish com es from the p ac kaging from the thing s we buy, such as
proce ss ed food. Buteven ifwe buy fresh food withou tpac kaging, we still produ ce
rubb ish from the plastic bags used everywhere to ca rr y shopp ing ho m e.
The rea son why we have so m uch p ac kaging is thatwe con sum e so m uch m ore on a
daily b asis than famili es did in the past.Conv enience is also v ery im po rtantin m od ern
life,so we buy p ac kaging o rca nn ed food thatca n be transpo rted from long d istance s
and stored un till we nee d it,firstin the sup erm arket,and then atho m e.
However,Ithink the am oun tofwaste p rodu ce is also a result ofou rtend ency to u se
som ething on ce and throw it away. W e
forgetthateven the chea pestplastic bag h as used up v aluable resou rce s and energy to
produ ce .We also forgetthatit is a sou rce ofpo llution and d ifficult to d ispo se o f.
Ithink, therefore,thatgov ernm ents nee d to raise this awareness in the general pub lic.
Children ca n b e edu ca ted about env iron m entaliss ues atschoo l,bu tadu lts n ee d to
take ac tion. G ov ernm ents ca n encou rage such ac tion by pu tti ng taxes on p ac kaging,
such as plastic bags, by p rov iding rec ycling service s and by thing hou seho lds and
shop s thatdo no tattem pt to rec ycle theirwaste.

W ith the po liti ca lwill ,such m ea sures cou ld rea lly redu ce the am oun tofrubb ish we
produ ce .Certainly nobody wants to see ou rresou rce s used up and ou rplanet po ison ed
by waste.
(270 words)
Sam ple 33
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Rece ntfigure s show an incre ase in v iolentcr im e am ong yo un gster s und erthe
ag e of18. Som e psycholog ists claim thatthe basic re ason forthis is that
childre n these day s are notgetting the socialand em otionallearning they nee d
from pare nts and teacher s.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include
any relevantexam ples from you rown kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Itdo es see m to b e true thatparents find teac hers have lostthe autho rity they u sed to
have,espec ially in the eyes of tee nagers.They are no long ersee n as
m od els forbehavior:hard work, po lit eness and o therpo siti ve qu aliti es are see n as old
fashion ed. M any young p eop le have no respec tforthese qu aliti es orthe peop le who
representthem .In fac t,Ithink when young p eop le tod ay are so rebelli ou s thatit's
po ss ible thatbo th p arents and teac hers are afraid to exercise theirautho rity.
However,Ido no tagree thatthis is the b asic rea son forthe increa se in tee nage
violence .
W hile Ibelieve it is true thata lac k of socialand em otion allea rning con tribu tes to the
prob lem .O therfac tors are surely invo lved:ec ono mi c fac tors,forexam ple.If a child
com es from a poo rfamil y and they live in low-qu alit y hou sing in all und esirable area ,
this is sure to affec tthe child, ho weverlov ing the parents are.There is also the qu estion
ofwho your friend s are.Ibelieve thatwhen you are in you rtee ns you rfriend s have m ore
influence on you than you rparents or teac hers.Atthatage, you wantto b e part o fa
group, o reven a gang, and this mi ght lea d to b rea king the law in a nu m berof ways.
In con clusion, while Iagree thatlac k of
socialand em otion allea rning from parents and teac hers is a fac torin the growth of
tee nage violence ,Ido no tbelieve thatit is the on ly o rm ain ca use.
(255 words)

Sam ple 34
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Presenta writt en argu m entorca se to an edu ca ted rea derwith no spec ialist
kno wledg e ofthe following top ic:
Acc ording to those in the trav elbu siness ,the nature ofthe av er age
'holiday 'is changing. Rather than see king a re lax ing bre ak in a far-aw ay place ,
people now w antexitem enton
theirholiday s and are kee n to participate in unu sualand challenging a ctivities.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.Use you rown idea s, kno wledg e and exp erience
and suppo rtyou rargu m ents with exam ples and with relevantevidence .
m od elanswer:
Holidays are im po rtantbeca use they p rov ide a brea k from ou rno rm aldaily rou tine and
from the world o fwork. Traditi on ally, ho lidays have bee n see n as a tim e forrelaxation
and as an oppo rtun ity
to v isit ano thercoun try in o rderto find out
abou tits geog raphy and custom s.Nowadays, ho wever,it see m s thatothertyp es of
ho liday are bec omi ng popu lar.Som e peop le wanttheirho liday to b e a k ind o fadv enture,
and find this m ore exciti ng than go ing to the beac h o rvisiti ng m useum s.O n an
adv enture ho liday, you m ay stay in qu ite basic acc omm od ation, ratherthan a luxu riou s
ho tel.Activiti es m ay invo lve thing s such as bu sh walking
orcycling, o rm ay form partofan aid p rojec tdesign ed to h elp comm un iti es in rem ote
area s.Holidays such as these are popu larwith p eop le ofall ages and ca n o ften h elp
to p rom ote tou rism in ruralenv iron m ents.
The increa sing popu larity o fdang erous spo rts has also boo sted the nu m berof
adv enture ho lidays;forexam ple,waterspo rts,m oun tain clim bing o rparagliding.
These ho lidays are m ore popu larwith the young ergeneration, as they ca n b e bo th
phy sica lly and m entally d em and ing. Participants are often see king the sortof thrill s that
they ca nno tgetin o rdinary life.There is no w grea terawareness ofthe d am aging effec ts
ofm ass tou rism and this m ay b e on e rea son forthe chang ing n ature o fho lidays.This
ca n on ly b e a good thing. Butperhaps peop le are also d iscov ering thatit is justas
refreshing to take an ac tive ho liday, as it is to lie on a beac h -though thatis still a
qu estion o fperson al p reference .
(266 words)
Sam ple 35

You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
Presenta writt en argu m entorca se to an edu ca ted rea derwith no spec ialist
kno wledg e ofthe following top ic:
In som e coun tries,m arr iag es are a rr anged by the pare nts bu tin othercases,
people choo se theirow n m arr iage partner .
Discuss both system s.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.Use you rown idea s, kno wledg e and exp erience and
suppo rtyou rargu m ents with exam ples and with relevantevidence .
m od elanswer:
The idea thata m arr iage shou ld be arrang ed by the parents ofthe coup le, or by o ther
m em bers-ofthe famil y, is qu ite acce ptable to som e societies, y etcom pletely ou tof
the qu estion forothers.Itall depend s on you rculturalexp ec tation s.
In so-ca lled western societies,it is very unu sualform arriages to b e arrang ed.
M ostyoung p eop le wou ld no twelcom e the idea thattheirparents have the righ tto
choo se theirpartnerforlife.They fee lthatarr ang ed m arriages deny them their
fund am entalrigh tto choo se,even ifthey m ake a bad d ec ision.
However,ifwe are hon estabou tit,we mi gh tac kno wledg e thatsom e parents o rganise
theirchildren's lives in such a way thatthey are likely to m ee tand m arr y
partners the parents app rov e o£ Itcou ld be
said thatthis is,to som e extent,simil arto an arrang ed m arr iage.Itis always better
when famili es suppo rtthe relation ship and welcom e the grand children.
Peop le forwho m arr ang ed m arriages are the culturalno rm often argu e thatthe
likelihood o fthe m arr iage lasting is g rea terwhen it is setup in this m ann er.Parents
ca n b e ass ured thattheirchildren are joining a famil y o fsimil arstand ing and cultural
bac kg round, and this,in the long run, m akes fora m ore stable society ifyou rparents'
m arr iage was arrang ed,
and h as worked well,then why shou ld you qu estion the custom ?
The im po rtantthing to ensure is that p eop le are neverforce d into a m arriage which will
m ake them unh appy o rlea d to an un equ alrelation ship where on e partner
is exp loited by the other.This app lies in all societies and situation s.
(269 words)
Sam ple 36
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Presenta writt en argu m entorca se to an edu ca ted rea derwith no spec ialist
kno wledg e ofthe following top ic:

People w ho hav e originalideas are of m uch gre ater va lue to society than those
w ho a re sim ply a ble to copy the ideas of o ther s w ell.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this statem ent?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.Use you rown idea s, kno wledg e and exp erience and
suppo rtyou rargu m ents with exam ples and with relevantevidence .
m od elanswer:
Ice rtainly agree thatpeop le who com e up with n ew idea s;in o therwords tho se who
'inv ent'or'discov er'thing s are terr ibly im po rtantto society as a who le.However,Ialso
think there is a role in society for good imit ators.
No on e wou ld d eny thatkey ind ividu als m ustbe thank ed forprov iding u s with ce rtain
fac iliti es thatwe use every d ay. W here,wou ld we be,forexam ple,without b asic item s
such as the washing m ac hine,
the television and, m ore rece ntly, the com pu ter? These item s are no w used so
regu larly thatwe tend to take them for g ranted.
In fac t,the society we live in tod ay h as b ec om e increa sing ly con sum er-oriented, and
while it m ay b e po ss ible to con stantly upd ate and im prov e con sum ergood s, not
everyon e where Ilive ca n afford the price s o fthese innov ation s.Furtherm ore not
everyon e lives in an area thathas acce ss ibilit y to the latestm od els on the m arket.For
this rea son, there is a value to b e place d on b eing able to p rov ide good cop ies of
exp ensive item s.
Having said that,ce rtain innov ation s have a m ore seriou s im pac ton ou rlives than
con sum ergood s and ca nno tea sily be replica ted. Vitalm edicines like penicilli n and
vacc ines againstdang erou s disea ses
also existbeca use peop le m ade con tinu alefforts to d evelop them .Scientific idea s
such as these enable us to live long erand esca pe ill ness .
(225 words)
Sam ple 37
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Presenta writt en argu m entorca se to an edu ca ted rea derwith no spec ialist
kno wledg e ofthe following top ic:
Som e people believe thatcom pu ter s are m ore a hind rance than a help in today 's
w orld.O ther s fee lthatthey a re such ind ispensable too ls thatthey w ould not be
able to live orw ork w ithoutthem .
In whatways are com pu ters a h ind rance ?
W hatis you rop inion?

You shou ld write atlea st250 words.Use you rown idea s, kno wledg e and exp erience and
suppo rtyou rargu m ents with exam ples and with relevantevidence .
m od elanswer:
The adv ance d `M ind m ac hines'so ca lled
`the Com pu ters'are no doub tthe best p rodu cts oflatesttec hno logy. O ne ca nnot
im agine the adv ance m entoflife and Science s withou tthese m ac hines.
Butlike otherac hievem ents;they h ave
theirown good and b ad effec ts as see n with exp erience and p ass age oftim e.In m y
op inion they are good ifused for edu ca tion aland b eneficialuses forhea lth and living
etc.
Basica lly twentieth ce ntury h ad b ee n fam ou s forits latestCom pu tertec hn iqu es and
theirapp lica tion on ou rlives.Datas sho wn on Com pu ters help u s to ass ess how m uch
edu ca tion is condu cted through this m edia.The ass ess m entways as well as
exami nation s are im prov ed. M oreov er p erson alskill s ofrea ding and writi ng are farm ore
im prov ed through Com pu ters.M oreov erScience and tec hno logy p rog ress ed imm ensely
with com pu ters.Resea rchers like clon ing and transplants
are on ly po ss ible with m od ern com pu terize d skill s.
G ood qu estion com es to on es mi nd ...
where will this Com pu terwou ld take us n ext?? Certainly no on e kno ws!We mi ght
exp lore new plann ers.M ay b e we will buy hou ses on M oon, M ars orJup itor.O rwe mi gh t
loo se ou rown identit y. O ne ca nnot forgetthe end o f2000 mill enn ium when everybody
was in chaos to think whatwill h app en ifthe com pu ters crash? The ae rop lanes were
go ing to crash and the trains wou ld colloid. ThatSho w we are force d to think thaton e
shou ld no tbe d epend enton these m ac hine afterall we are hu m ans.We are here to
comm and com pu ters no tthem to o rderus.
(249 words)
This is an an swerwritt en b y a cand ida te
who a chieve d a Band 5 score.Here is the ex am iner's comm ent:
The ca nd idate has attem pted to o rganize som e good argu m ents with v alid exam ples
and com plex idea s.There is som e relevant vo ca bu lary (clon ing )and synony m s avo id
repetiti on (bad effec ts v h ind rance , good effec ts v h elp).However,the argu m ents in
paragraph 3 are no tclea rand the 'against'argu m ents are con tained in the final
paragraph, with no separate con clusion. There are frequ entgramm atica linacc urac ies
(science and tec hno logy p rog ress ed, Resea rchers like clon ing, where will this com pu ter
wou ld take us,thatsho w we).This answerhas also lostm arks beca use it is too sho rt
(190 words).

You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
Sam ple 38
Discuss the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofhav ing a car.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Nowadays,as roads are bec omi ng m ore and m ore crowded, p eop le are con sidering
bo th the adv antages and d isadv antages of h aving a ca rbefore they buy on e.
The m ain adv antage ofthe ca ris thatit g ives the free do m to travelwhen and where you
want,withou tbeing limit ed to fixed rou tes and tim etables.W hatis m ore, you ca n ca rr y
severalpass eng ers and as m uch lugg age as you like,atno extra cost.In add iti on to
this, you ca n travelin com fortin a ca r,with a sea tto you rself
and the po ss ibilit y o fcom forts such as a m usic system and aircond iti on ing.
O n the otherhand, o wning a ca ris very exp ensive.As well as the price ofthe ca r,the
costoftax, insurance , p etroland repairs m ustalso b e con sidered b efore buy ing.
M oreov er,the increa se in traffic m ea ns thatdrivers are spend ing m ore and m ore tim e
stuck in traffic jam s.Perhaps the m ajordisadv antage ofca rs in g eneral
is the hug e dam age thatthey do to hu m an life and to the env iron m ent,and all
m otorists m uch acce ptthatthey are m aking a sm all con tribu tion to this.
To sum up, p rov ided you h ave acce ss to an efficientpub lic transpo rtsystem ,then
buy ing and runn ing you rown ca rcou ld be con sidered an exp ensive luxu ry.
(213 words)
Sam ple 39
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Com pare the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofthree ofthe follow ing a s m edia
forcomm un icating
inform ation.State w hich yo u consider to
be the m osteff ec tive.

comi cs
books
radio
television
film
thea tre
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
In ou rdaily life,we always comm un ica te inform ation through the m edia,such as
television, radio, film ,These m edia have d ifferentadv antages and d isadv antages for u s.
Now,Iam go ing to com pare the adv antages and d isadv antages ofbook s,television and
film .
Book s bring u s differentkno wledg e.It b ases on whatBook we rea d. A fam ous Chinese
traditi on alverse which d escribed book s is a trea sure.We ca n find a go lden hou se in
there.M oreov er,when we wantto rea d it,we ca n find it ea sily, such as book store,
library. We ca n also lea rn a lot o fwords from book s.And it ca n im prove ou rrea ding and
writi ng skill s.
However, book s always are no tattrac tive forchildren o ryoung ster.Itis beca use
book s are qu ite bo ring. A lotofwords and less pictures inside the book s,com pare to
television, television h as pictures and sound, we don 'thave to rea d a lotofwords in
television. Butsom e artistin television p rog ramm e orfilm , b ring a bad im age to u s.
Then som e children o ryoung ers willimit ate theirbehaviou r.Som e film also b ring a
wrong m ess age to u s,Forexam ple,they are always sm ok ing in film s.Itsee m s that
sm ok ing is good and sm art.Itca used m any young ers imit ate them sm ok ing.
In con clusion, bookd s,television and film h ave m any adv antages and d isadv antages.I
ca nno twrite all in h ere.And we have choo se the m edia ca refully.
(231 words)
This is an an swerwritt en b y a cand ida te who a chieve d a Band 4 score.Here is the
ex am iner's comm ent:
This answerdescribes som e relevant adv antages and d isadv antages ofbook s,TV and
film s,although these are som etim es un clea rorno tsufficiently d evelop ed. The script

loses m arks, ho wever, b eca use it do esn'tanswerthe qu estion abou t`which m edium is
m osteffec tive'and also b eca use it is und erthe mi nim um leng th (on ly 230 words).
The writerhas tried to o rganise idea s and u ses paragraph ing to structure the respon se.
However,the m ess age is con fused attim es and the answeris incom plete.Som e idea s
are link ed app rop riately, bu tthere is a lotof repetiti on ac ross sentence s.
The writeruses a limit ed rang e of langu age qu ite repetiti vely and there are on ly sim ple
sentence s.However,these are o ften qu ite acc urate,although there are m any exam ples
ofbasic err ors in g ramm arand pun ctuation.
Sam ple 40
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Itis bec om ing m ore and m ore difficultto escape the influence ofthe m edia on
ourlives.
Discuss the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofliving in a m edia rich society.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
The m edia is abou tcomm un ica tion and I suppo se m ostofus wou ld agree that,as
hu m an b eing s we nee d to comm un ica te.We nee d to kno w whatis go ing on in the world
generally;we wantto b e entertained and to k ee p in tou ch with p eop le.O lderm edia,
such as newspapers,radio and TV h elp u s do this, bu tthe newerm edia, p articularly the
internetand m ob ile
phon es go further.We have m ore cho ice in term s ofwhatwe watch o rwho we talk to.
Ihave an I-Phon e which allows m e -just by u sing on e device -to m ake phon e ca lls, u se
the internet,listen to m usic, p lay g am es and watch v ideos.And it's all
imm ediate,and po rtable.Itm akes you fee lin con trol, bu tthere arc disadv antages too.
Peop le are always texting and em aili ng eac h o therand ifthey don 'thave their phon e or
laptop around, they fee lcutoff.Also, h ave you see n a group o ftee nagers
in a ca fe where they're no ttalking to eac h o ther, bu tusing theirphon es? It's a very
comm on sigh tthese days,which m any p eop le fee lis worr ying, as we see m to p refer
using tec hno logy to face -to-fac e comm un ica tion.
We are also spo ilt forcho ice -perhaps too m uch cho ice .There are so m any TV
chann els, bu tso m any o fthe prog ramm es are poo rqu alit y. There's also so m uch
adv ertising all around u s,trying to p ersuade us to buy thing s we don 'trea lly n ee d. To
survive in such a society, you h ave to b e very aware ofthe po werthe m edia ca n h ave
ov eryou, you rac tion s and you rop inion s,and try no tto letit con trol you rlife.

To m y mi nd, there's no doub twe live in a m edia-rich society, and there's no thing we ca n
do abou tthat.W hatwe ca n do is use the m edia respon sibly and no tletit use us.
(327 words)
Sam ple 41
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Childre n should never be edu cated at
hom e by theirpare nts.Do yo u ag ree or disag ree ?
Discuss the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es foryo un g people w ho dec ide to
do this.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Nobody ca n say with con fidence thatchildren shou ld b e taugh tatho m e orat
any children's instit ution s.There are m any d ifferentchildren and every on e dem and
ofedu ca tion suitable on ly forhim .
Butform ostofchildren the bestway of lea rning the life is being in the children's
instit ution s.Nobody wou ld argu e that
con tac ts betwee n children o fthe sam e age are very im po rtantforbring ing you rchild up.
Such a con tac tis very im po rtantfor p laying, entertaining and lea rning living with o ther
peop le.The harm on iou s living with o therpeop le,to m y mi nd, is the firsttask forany
m an. Lac k o fthis harm ony sets prob lem s and troub les.
The children n ee d space to run and m ake no ise,to jum p and cry. Do you o ryour
neighbou rs allow these ac tion s foryour child? If you live in town, it is difficult to find a
safe place to p lay. Kind ergartens g ive such a po ss ibilit y. They g ive space , a lotoftoy s
and con struction s forphy sica lexercises.So, ifyou h ave bad living cond iti on s,the
kind ergarten is the bestway foryou. Butifyou h ave a large famil y with m any children
and enough space , you m ay k ee p you rchild atho m e.
You shou ld b e sure thatthe child fee ls, d ress ed and com fortable.His brothers and
sisters give him nece ss ary con tac ts.It's no tice d long ago thatchildren in b ig famili es
are m uch m ore ea sy-tem pered and ca lm .They are loca ted in m ore h arm on ic world
than o thers.
Som etim es difference s in age pu ttroub les in con tac ts betwee n children in large
famili es.Then it is betterforchild to be sentto the kind ergarten (schoo l).Butif qu arr els
don 'tlastfora long tim e,everything is all righ t.In g eneral, qu arr els d evelop abilit y to
coop erate with p eop le.They d evelop a person aliniti ative and
force setti ng the balance .In such a way the child g ets less on s oflife.Add ly, the qu arrels
often take place in k ind ergartens and schoo ls and we shou ldn 'tfea rit.

Side by side with qu arr els parents often
are afraid o fcolds which h app en in k ind ergartens m ore frequ ently. Parents p refer
kee ping the child atho m e.Butfora h ea lthy child odd cold (ifill ness occ urs,it go es its
no rm alcou rse)ca n'tm ake big h arm to the child. And ifthe child is adaptable to the
cond iti on s ofpub lic
place s ea rlierit wou ld b e betterforhim in future.
In g eneral,Iam a followerofthe theory of k ee ping children in adapted p lace s such as
good k ind ergartens.Butkee ping children in such a place ca n'treplace famil y and ho m e.
O nly tog etherthey m ake harm on ic and b ea utifulun ion.
(431 words)
Sam ple 42
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Researc h ind icates thatthe character istics w e are born w ith have m uch m ore
influence on ourper sonality a nd developm entthan any exper ience s w e m ay hav e
in ourlife.
W hich do yo u consider to be the m ajor influence ?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Tod ay the way we con siderhu m an p sycho logy and m entaldevelop m entis h ea vily
influence d by the genetic science s.We no w und erstand the im po rtance of inh erited
charac teristics m ore than ever b efore.Yetwe are still un able to d ec ide whetheran
ind ividu al’s person alit y and d evelop m entare m ore influence d by g enetic fac tors
(nature)orby the env iron m ent(nu rture).
Resea rch, relating to identica ltwins, h as h igh ligh ted ho w sign ifica ntinh erited
charac teristics ca n b e foran ind ividu al's life.Butwhetherthese charac teristics are
able to d evelop within the person alit y of an ind ividu alsurely d epend s on whetherthe
circum stance s allow such a
develop m ent.Itsee m s thatthe exp erience s we have in life are so unp redictable and so
po werful,thatthey ca n boo storov er-ride
otherinfluence s,and there see m s to be p lenty o fresea rch find ing s to con firm this.M y
own v iew is thatthere is no on e m ajor influence in a person 's life.Instea d, the traits we
inh erit from ou rparents and the situation and exp erience s thatwe
encoun terin life are con stantly interac ting. Itis the interac tion o fthe two thatshapes a
person 's person alit y and d ictates ho w thatperson alit y d evelop s.Ifthis were no ttrue,we
wou ld b e able to p redictthe behaviorand charac terofa p erson from the m om entthey
were bo rn. In con clusion, Ido no tthink thateither n ature ornu rture is the m ajor
influence on a person, bu tthatbo th h ave po werful effec ts.How these fac tors interac tis
stil l unkno wn tod ay and they rem ain largely unp redictable in a person ’s life.

(249 words)
Sam ple 43
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
M any people say thatthe only w ay to g uarantee getting a goo d job is to com plete
a course ofun iver sity edu cation.O ther s claim thatitis betterto startw ork after
schoo land ga in exper ience in the w orld ofw ork.
H ow fardo yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the abov e view s?
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Itis prob ably true to say thatm ostpeop le b elieve thata un iversity degree is the on ly
way to g eta good job. Ithink this is true in ce rtain area s,while in o therarea s, a
degree is no tas useful.
To b egin with, m any p eop le have am biti on s to b ec om e a qu alified p rofess ion aland there
is no doub tthat b ec omi ng a do ctorora lawyer,for exam ple,is on ly po ss ible with a
degree .Ano theradv antage ofgradu ating from un iversity is thatit gives you m ore
cho ice s when it com es to choo sing a job. M ostem ploy ers will be m ore im press ed by a
ca nd idate who h as a degree than they wou ld b e by on e who on ly h as high school
qu alifica tion s beca use it sho ws a ce rtain levelofintelli gence and edu ca tion, as wellas
the commitm entand self-discipline thatis nee ded In o rderto study a degree cou rse for
three orfou ryea rs.
O n the otherhand, there mi gh tbe som e b enefit to starting you rca ree rea rly, espec ially
ifyou rcho sen field is one which do es no ttyp ica lly requ ire a un iversity edu ca tion. This
wou ld app ly to som ebody who wants to b e a ca rm ec hanic, o ra fashion d esign er,for
instance ,who wou ld no tnece ss arily g ain any thing from go ing to un iversity. The h and s-
on exp erience you g ain in you rjob while others are study ing fora degree ca n g ive you
a distinctadv antage.Ion ce rea d
abou ta m an who leftschoo latsixtee n and
wenton to b ec om e a wea lthy and succe ss fulinv estm entbrok er.He claim ed thathe had
lea rned all he nee ded to know by working in h is cho sen field and thathe cou ld no thave
don e any b etterby g etti ng a d egree .
So, to con clud e,it is po ss ible to g eta good job withou tgo ing to un iversity. Having said
that,som e profess ion s,such as the law,requ ire you to h ave a degree and as stated
abov e a University d egree cou ld po tentially op en m ore doo rs when look ing fora job.

(327 words)
Sam ple 44
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
By pun ishing m urderer s w ith the death penalty, society is also g uiltof comm itting
m urder .There fore ,life in prison is a bett er pun ishm entfor m urderer s.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this statem ent?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elan swer:(Disag ree )
Istrong ly suppo rtthe dea th p enalty for m urderers.In tod ay's society, life is very
violent.There are m any m entally-ill
peop le committi ng crim es and alm ost no thing will stop them .We have interviewed
ca ptured crimi nals who say, "Iwas go ing to k ill him ,bu tIkn ew thatIcou ld g etthe dea th
penalty ifIdid. So I justlefthim there."O bv iou sly, h aving the d ea th p enalty saves lives
and thatm akes a po siti ve difference to society.
If a crimi naldo es m urdersom eon e,and then g ets the dea th p enalty, thatisn'tsociety's
fault.Everyon e kno ws abou tthe d ea th p enalty as a pun ishm entform urder.So, the
person who m urders is rea lly k illi ng h im selfatthe sam e tim e he is k illi ng h is victim .
The m urdererhas m ade the cho ice to d ie.
Itis im po rtantto rem em berthatthe dea th p enalty is used on ly forpeop le who h ave
committ ed v ery seriou s crim es.For exam ple,a wom an sho ta po lice office r
when she was trying to esca pe from jail.She was alrea dy a conv icted crimi nalwhen
she committ ed m urder,and she d eserves the dea th p enalty.
Peop le nee d to acce ptrespon sibilit y for theirac tion s.Pun ishing m urderers with the
dea th p enalty is on e way thatsociety ca n h elp p eop le to rea lize /rea lise the
con sequ ence s oftheirdec ision s.
(209 words)
Sam ple 45
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
By pun ishing m urderer s w ith the death penalty, society is also g uiltof
comm itting m urder .There fore ,life in
prison is a better pun ishm entfor m urderer s.

To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this statem ent?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elan swer:(Agree )
"Do as Isay, no tas Ido. "This is whatsociety tells us when it pun ishes m urderers with
the dea th p enalty. Society tells us thatm urderis wrong, and in ou rlegalsystem ,m urder
is againstthe law.Yetwe still see ou rsociety k ill m urderers,and thu s we are
committi ng m urderou rselves.Forthis rea son, the dea th p enalty shou ld end, and
instea d m urderers shou ld b e pun ished with life in p rison.
Society n ee ds to sho w a po siti ve m od elof ho w ou rlives shou ld b e and ho w peop le
shou ld ac t.We shou ld always strive to im prov e ou rsituation, to b e atpeace and in
harm ony with o thers.However,when we kill m urderers,we are no tworking to im prov e
ou rsociety. Instea d, we are stoop ing to the crimi nals'level.
Itm akes m e think abou tthe reveng e thatca m e when p laying g am es with m y b rothers.
W hen we were kids/children, m y b rotherwou ld take m y toy s,so Iwou ld h it h im and take
m y toy s bac k. Then h e wou ld h it m e harderand take the toy s again. Think ing o fthe
dea th p enalty, Iim agine a m urdererkill s som eon e.Society takes
reveng e by k illi ng the m urderer.This lea ves behind the m urderer's famil y and friend s,
who h ave trem endou s ang erinside o fthem ,which they m ay relea se on to society. The
cycle ofkilli ng go es on and on.
Society shou ld no tcond em n p eop le who are taking the sam e ac tion thatsociety is
taking. Society tells us no tto k ill ,and y etsociety k ill s when it exercises the dea th
penalty. Beca use ofthis con tradiction, we shou ld end the dea th p enalty and instea d
pun ish m urderers by sentencing them to life in p rison.
(273 words)
Sam ple 46
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
Som e people think thata sense of com petition in childre n should be
encourag ed.O ther s believe that childre n w ho a re taugh to co-oper ate rather
than com pete bec om e m ore usefuladu lts.
Discuss both these view s and give yo ur o w n opinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.

G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Nowadays, pu rpo se ofedu ca tion b eing chang ed in Korea .There are som e Peop le who
think thatcom petiti on in children shou ld b e m ade,also o thers believe thatchildren who
are taugh tto co-op erate as well as bec om e m ore usefwladu lts.There are adv antages
and d isadv antages forbo th o fthe argu m ents.
To b egin with, whatis good ifa sense of com petiti on m children is m ade? They cou ld
develop e them selves m ore and m ore as they lea rn and study a lotto win from the
com petit bn. To p rov e this,in Korea ,itis popu lar-even comm on no w -to h ave a tutor
who com e to stud ent's hou se to teac h extra piece s ofstudy with p aying a lotof m on ey.
They lea rn fasterthan whatthey lea rn atschoo l.Furtherm ore, du ring the v aca tion s,
stud ents study abroad to lea rn Eng lish fora m on th instea d o frevise
schoo lwork. If they h ave exp erim ents such as study abroad, it is on e ofthe g rea test
plus po intto go to the fam ous well-kno wn h igh -schoo l.M oreov er,there are fou rbig
schoo lexam and two n ation alexami nation s to teststud ents'levelof stud ies.
G enerally, on ly the high est40%
ca n go to the good qu atrty h igh schoo ls and colleges.Children lea rn as m uch as they
ca n, to wim the com petiti on to ob tain good qu alit y schoo ls.
O n the otherhand, as they are bu sy to enterthe schoo ls and study ind ividu ally with
theirown tutors,there are prob lem s.They b ec om e selfish. They b ec om e ca reless and
don 'thelp o thers alotifit is abou tstud ies.There will be no co-op eration s forthem .
Then, why are there com panies form any p eop le to work in?
Eac h o fthem are clever, ho wever,there are wea k p arts and strong p arts foreac h
person. To co-op erate is to im prov e this p art.Peop le talk and listen to whatothers
thm king o fand lea rn. Thatcou ld also b e a g rea toppo rtun ity to lea rn instea d of lea rning
alon e with on e teac her.
In con clusion, Istrong ly agree with thatchildren shou ld b e taugh tto co-op erate rather
than com pete.Nobody is perfec t.Peop le lea rn tog ether,work tog etherto d evelop
eac h o ther.Therefore,Iwant p arents and teac hers to edu ca te children con ce ntrating
on co-op eration, not com pete and rank ing them .
(365 words)
This is an an swerwritt en b y a cand ida te who achieve d a Band 6 score.Here is the
ex am iner's comm ent:
Although the answercon siders the m ain iss ues in the qu estion, it dea ls m uch m ore with
the aspec tof'com petiti on 'than it do es with 'co-op eration '.Som e ofthe suppo rting
exam ples are ov erdevelop ed and d ivertthe rea deraway from the argu m ent.However,
the m ain po ints are relevantand the writer's po intofview is g enerally clea r.
The argu m enthas a log ica lprog ress ion and there is som e good u se oflink ing
exp ress ion s,though the use ofrhetorica l qu estion s to sign altop ic chang es is not v ery
skilful.There are also exam ples of ov erusing m arkers,and o ferr ors in referencing.

The ca nd idate tries to u se a rang e of langu age, bu tthere are regu larerr ors in word
cho ice and word form ,and this o cca sion ally ca uses prob lem s forthe rea der.
Simil arly, a rang e ofstructures is attem pted, bu tno talways with good con trolof
pun ctuation o rgramm ar.However,the m ea ning is generally clea r.
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Sam ple 47
Fam ili es w ho do notsend theirchildre n to gov er nm ent-finance d schoo ls should
notbe re qu ire d to pay tax es that supp ortun iver saledu cation.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elan swer:(Disag ree )
Famili es who do no tsend theirchildren to pub lic schoo lshou ld b e requ ired to p ay taxes
thatsuppo rtpub lic edu ca tion.
Every child in m y coun try is requ ired to attend schoo land every child is welcom e to
enroll athis/herloca lpub lic schoo l.Som e famili es choo se to send theirchildren to
otherschoo ls,and it is their p rerog ative to do so. However,the pub lic schoo ls are used
by the m ajority o four children and m ustrem ain op en for
everyon e.Forexam ple,m y un cle senthis two children to a private aca dem y for p rim ary
schoo l.Then h e losta huge am oun tofm on ey through som e poor inv estm ents and he
cou ld no long erafford the private schoo l's tuiti on. The children ea sily transferred to
theirloca lpub lic schoo land liked it even m ore than theiraca dem y. The pub lic schoo ls
suppo rted theirfamil y when they h ad no m on ey to edu ca te theirchildren.
Beca use the pub lic schoo ls edu ca te so m any citi ze ns,everyon e in m y coun try-
whethera parentorno t-shou ld p ay taxes to suppo rtou redu ca tion alsystem .We all
benefit from the edu ca tion thatstud ents rece ive in pub lic schoo l.O urfuture do ctors,
fire figh ters,and teac herspeop le
who m we rely on everyd ay-are edu ca ted in loca lpub lic schoo ls.W hen a person is in
troub le,it's rea ss uring to kno w thattho se who will help you -such as fire figh ters-kno w
whatthey're do ing b eca use they rece ived good training in schoo land later.Prov iding an
exce llentedu ca tion in the pub lic schoo lsystem is vitalto the streng th o fou rcomm un ity
and our coun try.
O urgov ernm entm ustofferthe bestedu ca tion available, bu tit ca n on ly do so with the
financialass istance ofall its citi ze ns.Therefore,everyon e-includ ing famili es who do no t
send theirchildren to pub lic schoo l-shou ld suppo rtpub lic edu ca tion by p aying taxes.

(290 words)
Sam ple 48
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Fam ili es w ho do notsend theirchildre n to gov er nm ent-finance d schoo ls should
notbe re qu ire d to pay tax es that supp ortun iver saledu cation.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elan swer:(Agree )
Famili es who do no tsend theirchildren to gov ernm ent-finance d schoo lshou ld no tbe
requ ired to p ay taxes thatsuppo rt
un iversaledu ca tion.
W hen famili es send theirchildren to non -pub lic (thatis, p arochialand p rivate)schoo ls,
they m ustpay tuiti on and o therschoo lexp enses.Spend ing add iti on alm on ey to p ay
taxes crea tes an even g rea terfinancialhardship forthese famili es.They m ustm ake
sac rifice s,trying to h ave enough m on ey to p ay forschoo lin
add iti on to o therbill s.Forexam ple,m y friend Am alia is a sing le m otherwith an eigh t-
yea r-old son, And rew.Beca use they survive solely on h erincom e,m on ey is tigh t.
Am alia works atlea st10 hou rs of ov ertim e eac h wee k to cov erAnd rew's schoo l
exp enses.This gives Am alia and And rew less tim e to spend tog ether,and she is
always so tired thatshe is im patient with h im when they do h ave famil y tim e.Clea rly,
this extra exp ense is an un fair
bu rden forhard-working p arents like
Am alia.
W hile som e peop le m ay con sider p arochialorprivate schoo lto b e a luxu ry, form any
famili es it is ess entialbeca use theircomm un ity's pub lic schoo ls fail to m ee ttheir
children's nee ds.Unfortun ately, du e to shrink ing budg ets,m any schoo ls lac k well-
qu alified, exp erience d edu ca tors.Children m ay b e taugh tby som eon e who
is no ta ce rtified teac herorwho kno ws littl e abou tthe sub jec tm atter.Som e p rob lem s
are even m ore seriou s.For exam ple,the pub lic high schoo lin m y o ld
neighbo rhood /neighbou rhood h ad serious safety p rob lem s, du e to stud ents bring ing
gun s, d rug s,and alcoho lto schoo l.Aftera g ang -related shoo ting o cc urred atthe high
schoo l,m y p arents felt thatthey h ad no cho ice bu tto enroll m e in a parochial
schoo lthatwas kno wn forbeing v ery safe.Unfortun ately, even when famili es prefer
pub lic schoo ls,som etim es they ca n'tsend theirchildren to on e.These famili es are
bu rdened no ton ly forpaying exp enses atano therschoo l, bu talso by b eing force d to
pay taxes to suppo rta pub lic schoo lthatthey do no tuse.

(323 words)
Sam ple 49
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
As the w orld bec om es tec hn olog ically a dva nce d,com pu ter s are re placing
m ore and m ore jobs.
Descr ibe som e job positions thatm ay be
lostbec ause ofcom pu ter s, a nd discuss a tleastone problem thatm ay re sult.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
W hen com pu ters firstm ade theirway into the bu siness sec tor,everyon e believed that
they wou ld m ake peop le's job s ea sier.
W hatwas no texp ec ted was thatcom pu ters wou ld elimi nate job s.Besides con tribu ting
to un em ploy m ent,these autom ated
workers often exh ibit inadequ ate job p erform ance .
A nu m berofjob s have bee n lostas a d irec tresult ofnew com pu tertec hno logy. Ticket
agents in v ariou s transpo rtation fac iliti es,from sub way/und erground station s to airpo rts
are virtually non existentthese days.Bank tellers have b ee n g rea tly redu ce d du e to
autom ated b ank m ac hines.In add iti on, m any ca llce nters/ce ntres thathave help lines
are alm ostentirely com pu terize d/com pu terised. A few yea rs ago Iworked as a helperin
ou rloca llibrary. Tod ay this po siti on do es no texist, b eca use six n ew com pu ters have
bee n installed. The nu m berofpo siti on s lostto com pu ters grows expon entially, and
un em ploy m entcon tinu es to g etworse.W hile a com pu term ay ea sily ac hieve the m ain
tasks ofthese job s,m ostcom pu ters fall sho rtwhen custom ers have a un ique
requ estorprob lem .A pre-paid ticket boo th do es no thave insigh tabou tthe
entertainm entdistrictand ca nno tofferfriend ly d irec tion s to a tou rist.Simil arly, an
autom ated b ank m ac hine ca nnot p rov ide ass istance and rea ss urance to a custom erwho
has justhad h is credit ca rd stolen. And, m ore often than no t,autom ated telephon e
op erators ca nnot answerthe on e qu estion thatwe have,and we end up waiti ng on the
line to spea k with som eon e any way. Every tim e Igo into the library where Iworked I
no tice elderly p eop le who don 'tkno w ho w to u se the com pu ters and ca n'tfind anyon e to
help.
In the future,Ibelieve a new bu siness trend will evo lve.As com pu ters elimi nate job s,
new po siti on s will have to be inv ented. M ore and m ore peop le will go

into bu siness forthem selves,and hop efully pu tthe person altou ch b ac k into bu siness .I
believe thatthe hu m an workforce will dem on strate thatit is m ore v aluable than
com pu ters.
(315 words)
Sam ple 50
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Traffic and housing problem s in m ajor cities could be solved by m ov ing large
com panies and factories and theirem ploy ee s to the coun tryside.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
These days with increa sing u rban popu lation s,there are m ajorprob lem s
with cong estion and no ton ly the price , but also availabilit y o facc omm od ation in
large citi es ofthe world. Itsee m s thatone po ss ible solution cou ld b e to reloca te large
com panies and fac tories as well as theirrespec tive em ploy ee s ou tofthese urban area s
and into m ore ruralon es.In m y op inion, Istrong ly agree thatthis wou ld h ave a desired
effec tin m aking citi es
m ore livable.
To b egin with, the traffic prob lem in citi es do esn’ton ly existfrom comm uting em ploy ee s,
bu talso the generalpub lic travelli ng around the city. W hile this m ay b e a fac t,ifthe
nu m berofworker’s v ehicles is redu ce d on city stree ts,a large p erce ntage oftraffic will
obv iou sly
dec line in rush hou rs.Forexam ple, p ea k hou rtraffic is undoub tedly m ade up largely
ofstaff from com panies go ing to and from ho m e.
Sec ond ly, in regards to hou sing p rob lem s, popu lation s will always con tinu e to g row in
citi es and therefore inadv ertently d ec rea se the nu m berofchea p and available
apartm ents.This is ce rtainly obv iou s, ho wever,a large propo rtion of these apartm ents
are occ up ied by em ploy ee s from large firm s and their
famili es.If this workforce is reloca ted to hou sing estates in the coun try, city
apartm entblocks will fall in p rice and ce rtainly increa se in availabilit y.
In con clusion, by reloca ting workers to ruralarea s to work and reside, h ea vy traffic
cond iti on s and lac k o fadequ ate acc omm od ation in city ce ntres will obv iou sly chang e
forthe better.As faras I’m con ce rned, Iagree thatthe gov ernm entshou ld enforce
such a law in o rderto increa se ou rstand ard o fliving in ou rhec tic city life.

(272 words)
Sam ple 51
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Com panies should encourag e em ploy ee s w ho w ork in a high position to leav e at
the ag e of55 in order to g ive o pp ortun ities to the new gener ation.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Itotally d isagree with the idea ofhigh -levelem ploy ee s lea ving atthe age of55 to m ake
roo m forthe up comi ng g eneration. W hile it is true thatthe energy leveland
fresh idea s ofyou th ca n rejuv enate a com pany, the stea dy h and o fexp erience ca n
still bestgu ide a com pany in m ostca ses.
In Eng lish there is a saying, “You ca n’tteac h an o ld dog n ew tricks.”In the fast-pace d
world o fbu siness , bo lstered by even fasterhi-tec h innov ation s,a young erm ore p liant
mi nd wou ld see m to b e able to adapt with g rea terflexibilit y, while such an env iron m ent
mi gh tbogg le an o lderm ore set-in-its-ways mi nd. Take,forexam ple,M icrosoft’s Bill
G ates,who se energy and b rilli antinsigh ts as a you th h elped h im to p ion ee rnew terr itory
in the com pu tersoftware world and establish a digitalem pire.Now as a m ore m ature
CEO ,this k ing o fthe “c om pu ter”m oun tain is con stantly on the verge ofbeing kno cked
do wn by up comi ng d igeratti entrepreneurs.
However,it is no w the exp erience he has acc um ulated as an o lderm an which k ee ps h im
on top. So, com bining the vigou rand innov ation o fyoung erworkers with the exp erience
ofolderworkers wou ld see m to b e the winn ing h and in the world of bu siness .
The ass ertion is to g ive oppo rtun iti es to
the young ergeneration. If everyon e retires at55, there will be sm allerpoo lof
exp erience atthe com pany. So, who willsho w them the rop es ofthe trade? Itwou ld b e
as ifwe lopp ed o ff the lastfew chapters o fa textbook. O n this po intthe argu m ent wou ld
see m to b e bu ilt on false p resum ption s.
And think o fall the otherprob lem s retirem entat55 wou ld crea te.W ith life
exp ec tancy in m any adv ance d n ation s at
70 -plus yea rs, ho w wou ld the state along
with p rivate enterprises be able to suppo rttheirretirem entpension s? The ec ono mi c
repercuss ion s ofsuch an idea cou ld be g rea t.
Besides,the We stern form ofca pitalism is bu ilt on com petiti on and m erit and not
seniority acc ording to age,and d em ocrac y is bu ilt on equ alit y forall regardless of on e’s
age,so the argu m entclea rly go es againstthese two p ill ars ofWe stern society.

G ranted, m y coun ter-argu m ents are p erhaps as sim plistic as the originalass ertion
itself, bu twithou tqu alifying the ass ertion with g rea tersuppo rting evidence o r
bac kg round inform ation, bo th sides ca n b e argu ed. Nevertheless ,even aftertho rough ly
con sidering the argu m ent, I b elieve Iwou ld still adh ere to m y
viewpo intthatthe ass ertion lac ks m erit for the aforem ention ed rea son s.Besides,when I
am 55 Ido no tfancy the idea ofbeing
pu tou tto p asture.Ithink Iwill still be full o fvitalit y and h ave a desire to work, so I hop e
m y workp lace will view m e as a trea sure hou se ofvaluable exp erience to p ass along to
the nextgeneration and k ee p m e on un til Iam atlea st65 ifno tolder.
(478 words)
Sam ple 52
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people say the gov er nm entshould notpu tm oney into bu ilding theatre s
and sports stadium s;they should spend
m ore m oney o n m edicalcare and edu cation.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
W hatwou ld the world b e like without Shakespea re orthe O lym pics? W hile m edica lca re
and edu ca tion are perhaps the h igh estca uses to which m on ey ca n be con tribu ted, the
arts and athletics are in som e ways justas valuable.So, to ask the
gov ernm entto no textend suppo rtto these two area s cou ld b e justas detrim entalto the
welfare ofsociety as the lac k of sufficienthea lth ca re and edu ca tion.
The Rom ans believed in “m ens sana in corpo re sano ”.In sho rt,thatthere is ind ee d
a correlation b etwee n a hea lthy body and h ea lthy mi nd. W hen we are h ea lthy, we
fee lbetterand so are m ore
likely to b e produ ctive aca demi ca lly. Plus,the prac tice ofspo rts ca n also teac h u s the
very sam e discipline we nee d forour stud ies.W hy even a brisk walk or
watching an exciti ng athletic m atch ca n refresh the mi nd forgrea terwork. M oreov er,
spo rts ca n serve to crea te h ea lthierbod ies,which in turn wou ld serve as a form of
“preventive m edicine”thereby cutti ng do wn on m edica lcosts.In the sam e vein, the arts
are kno wn to
indu ce a sense ofwell-being in p erform ers and aud ience alike,redu cing m ental
prob lem s and theirass ociated phy sica lm anifestation s and again, m edica lcosts.As

such, bu ilding thea tres and stadium s,which spu rinterestin the arts and spo rts
respec tively, ac tually wou ld b e prac tica lly identica lto spend ing m on ey on m edica lca re
and edu ca tion!
Now Irea lize the qu estion spec ifica lly add ress es the bu ilding o fthea tres and
spo rts stadium s by gov ernm ent.Som e peop le wou ld con tend athletics and the arts
ca n still be enjoy ed and p rac tice d
withou tsuch con struction s.Iwou ld h aza rd thatthese bu ilding s stand as the altars to the
spo rts and arts worlds,inspiring
wou ld-be athletes and p erform ers.W ithout such v enu es where wou ld spo rts spec tators
and m usic aficion ado s be able to enjoy
these events? Now som e otherpeop le wou ld also say bu siness cou ld suppo rttheir
con struction, bu twe kno w the avarice ofbu siness cou ld v ery likely jeop ardize the lofty
spirit ofathletics and the arts justas well.Therefore,allowing gov ernm entto retain
som e say in the m atteron b ehalfofthe peop le wou ld, I b elieve, b e in the bestinterest
ofthe p eop le.
In sho rt,as long as the gov ernm entdo es no go ov erbo ard in its exp end itures for these
bu ilding s and u ses such v enu es for the benefit ofall,then, as m ention ed abov e, p eop le
will benefit in term s ofbo th
m edica lca re and edu ca tion as well.This is no tto say the gov ernm entshou ld n eglec t
m edica lca re and edu ca tion, bu tratherto think o fthis no tas an either-orcho ice but
as a win-win situation forall.(434 words)
Sam ple 53
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people think thatitis im portantto hav e a single languag e as an
inter nationalofficiallanguag e.O ther s think thatitw ill m ake itdifficultto
identify coun tries and cause a loss of culture .
W hatare yo uropinions on this?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
W ith the adv entofglob aliza tion, a comm on langu age to fac ilit ate trade and
comm un ica tion see m s inevitable.Som e oppo se the develop m entofa sing le
langu age on the ground s thatit m ay lea d to culturalerosion and a loss ofloca l
lingu istic kno wledg e.Yet,Iam ofthe
op inion thatit is po ss ible to u se an o fficialinternation allangu age and still retain

on e’s own langu age and culture.Firstly, m any coun tries alrea dy u se an o fficiallangu age
orlangu ages.For exam ple,in Ind ia there are two o fficiallangu ages:Hind iand Eng lish.
In a coun try
such as Ind ia where there are innu m erable langu ages spok en, there is a nee d for o fficial
langu ages to ensure comm un ica tion b etwee n d ifferentsec tions o fthe popu lation and
the differentstates.In China,where differentdialec ts are spok en, M and arin, the official
langu age,enables peop le from differentprov ince s to com prehend eac h other.
Sec ond ly, in an age ofram pant g lob aliza tion there is no doub tthatan internation al
langu age is inevitabilit y. How is an Africa n bu siness m an go ing to condu ctbu siness in
China when there are such d ifference s betwee n langu ages? In this sense, no ton ly is
an internation allangu age inevitable, bu talso a nece ss ity fortrade,comm erce and
ec ono mi c exp ansion in the 21 stce ntury.
The criti cs oppo sing the adop tion o fan
internation alofficiallangu age argu e thatitwou ld lea d to a loss ofculturalidentit y.
However,the use ofan internation al o fficiallangu age do esn’tm ea n thatloca llangu ages
will die ou t.Forexam ple,Eng lish alrea dy fun ction s as a kind of uno fficialinternation al
langu age bu tthis do esn’tm ea n thatpeop le solely conv erse
in Eng lish o rthey n eglec ttheirown langu age.Eng lish is used in spec ific con texts
(trade, bu siness ,etc)and n ative langu ages are used foreveryd ay instruction.
In b rief,as the world b ec om es sm allerthe n ee d foran o fficialinternation allangu age
see m s un avo idable.Eng lish h as alrea dy ass um ed this role although its status is
uno fficial.In m y v iew,the use ofeitheran o fficialoruno fficialinternation al
langu age is nece ss ary to fac ilit ate
comm un ica tion in a tim e ofrapid g lob aliza tion.
(330 words)
Sam ple 54
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Fashion tre nd s are difficultto follow these day s and it’s w idely believed that they
prim arily existjustto sell clothes.Som e people believe thatw e shouldn ’tfollow
them and thatw e should dre ss in w hatw e like and fee lcomf ortable in.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:

It’s widely b elieved in tod ay’s m aterialistic world thatthe latestinnov ative fashion trend s
ho ld g rea tsign ifica nce .O n the otherhand, such trend s are believed to b e seton ly in the
pu rsuit ofprofits forlarge design ercom panies.Itsee m s thatin rece nttim es, p eop le are
no w chang ing theirmi nd s in regards to wea ring clothes forcom fortand as a person al
cho ice .Person ally Iagree thatwe shou ld pay m ore attention to ind ividu alit y and com fort
in the way we
dress .
Firstly, fashion d esign s existas a form of crea tive artistic exp ress ion o fthe design er.
Although this m ay b e true, undoub tedly such d esign s take away ind ividu alit y on ce
a trend is setin p lace .By this Im ea n thatthere is no thing un iqu e abou twea ring what
everybody else do es.M ore spec ifica lly, ifeveryon e spo rts the latest
colou rand d esign in summ erskirts, do we no tlook the sam e?
Sec ond ly, Itis po ss ible thatfashion trends ca n look extrem ely stylish to the general
pub lic.However,it ca n b e argu ed thatthe m ain pu rpo se ofwea ring clothes is for m ore
fun ction alrea son s.This is prim arily du e to the fac tthatclothes were traditi on ally worn
to p rotec tpeop le from clim atic cond iti on s.Forinstance ,clothes are still worn b asica lly
to k ee p p eop le
warm and d ry in winterand coo lin summ er.
Finally, fashion ce rtainly g ives us a sense o fcon fidence and p ride in ou rapp ea rance .
W hile this is ce rtainly a good po int,it also m ea ns thatfollowing such chang ea ble trend s
prov es to b e exp ensive.For exam ple, pu rchasing every latestsea son ’s fashion item will
ofcou rse blow the
budg etofm any young p eop le.
In con clusion, there are variou s argu m ents to suppo rtthe dismi ss aloffashion trend s,
con sisting o fno tcon formi ng, com fortand p rice ,which Istrong ly agree with.
(290 words)
Sam ple 55
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
Now aday s,edu cation ov er seas has bec om e m ore acce ss ible and grow ing
nu m ber s ofpeople send theiroff spring to stud y in other coun tries.H ow ever ,this
tre nd has its detractors.
Istrongly believe thatthe pros far o utw eigh the cons, a nd w ill exa m ine both
below .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .

m od elanswer:
O ne ofthe grea testadv antages is thatthe children lea rn to b e ind epend ent.Having
to cook, clea n, and p ay b ill s instill s this in them .O ften they h ave to work p art-tim e to
m ake end s m ee t,and this im press es upon them the im po rtance ofwork and m on ey
m anagem ent.
Ano therim po rtantfac toris thatthese children will be expo sed to d ifferent cultures
and ways ofthink ing. They will b ec om e m ore op en-mi nd ed and tolerant and are likely
to b ec om e m ore adaptable ind ividu als.
O ne ofthe m ain m otives forsend ing young p eop le abroad to study is thatitenh ance s
theirem ploy m entprospec ts.In m y exp erience ofliving in foreign coun tries and
spea king to v ariou s you ths,it see m s thata foreign edu ca tion is regarded as
som ething d esirable and
helpfulin g etti ng a dece ntjob. A degree from Britain, forexam ple,is see n as being o fa
high erstand ard than on e from a d evelop ing coun try. Furtherm ore,living in a foreign
coun try m ay lea d to fluency in a sec ond langu age,which is ano therselli ng po intfor
prospec tive em ploy ers.In add iti on, m any com panies are kee n to rec ruit peop le with a
glob alou tlook.
There are a few drawbac ks ho wever.For instance ,withou tparentalsup ervision, the n ew
found free do m children exp erience m ay lea d to h arm fulprac tice s such as
drug -taking and d rink ing. Reluctance or inabilit y to reintegrate into theirm other
coun try is ano ther.To sum up, it ca n be see n thatthe adv antages ofstudy ing abroad
forchildren are m ore nu m erous than the disadv antages.O fcou rse a lot
depend s on the age ofthe child, bu tI b elieve thatform osttee nagers it wou ld be a
po siti ve exp erience .
(266 words)
Sam ple 56
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Now aday s,inter nationaltourism is the bigg estindu stry in the w orld.
Unfortun ately, inter nationaltourism cre ates tension rather than und er stand ing
betw ee n people from differe ntculture s.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:

The growth o ftou rism and the nu m bers of p eop le travelli ng to o thercoun tries for their
vaca tion s has led to d ebate as to whetherthis is beneficial.Ibelieve thatthere are
m any p rob lem s which arise out o fthe tou ristindu stry, and will exami ne these in d etail.
M any p eop le argu e thattravelbroadens the mi nd. However,this statem entdo es no t
fully ho ld water.Iwou ld argu e that
spend ing a few wee ks in ano thercoun try is
no tlong enough to g ain a prop er und erstand ing o fan alien culture. A foreign ervisiti ng
Britain mi gh tbe m etwith the traditi on alBriti sh reserve,and mi stakenly con clud e that
the Briti sh are un friend ly. Furtherm ore,som e peop le are un willi ng to op en theirmi nd s.
A We stern travellerto an Arab coun try is un likely to con siderthatthe veili ng o fwom en
is acce ptable.
Being a tou ristin a foreign coun try b rings with it prob lem s thatca n lea d to d islike of the
native peop le.Firstly, a foreign eris vu lnerable,and is often ripp ed o ff by loca ls.
Sec ond ly, the langu age barrierca n lea d to mi sund erstand ing s.Thirdly, tou rists are often
hass led to buy good s,which ca n ruin a ho liday. W hen Iwentto Bali, p eop le tried to sell
m e som ething every five mi nu tes,and this totally spo ilt
m y sunb athing.
Loca lpeop le also o ften end up d isliking foreign ers.Visitors m ay mi stakenly ac t
con trary to loca lno rm s, o rthey m ay just b e plain o ffensive,as m any d runk en Briti sh
ho lidaym akers m ustsee m to the Spanish. G lob altou rism ca n lea d to ho stilit y from the
native peop le,who m ay fee ltheirtraditi on alway o flife is und erthrea t.Add iti on ally, the
relative wea lth of the foreign v isitors ca n ca use envy and resentm ent.
In con clusion, Iwou ld say thatIlargely agree with the argu m entthatglob altou rism
crea tes mi sund erstand ing b etwee n
peop le from differentcultures,and thatthe d ifference s are often a ca use forcon flict
ratherthan ce lebration.
(308 words)
Sam ple 57
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
People hav e differe ntjob expec tations forjobs.Som e people pre fer to do the
sam e job forthe sam e com pany, w here as other s pre fer to change jobs
fre qu ently.
W rite aboutthe adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofeach view point?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
In the m od ern workp lace there is no long erthe attit ud e that‘a job is forlife’.Nowadays,
m any p eop le take the op tion to chang e job s,while others preferno tto. In m y ess ay, I
will exp lore the good and b ad po ints ofthe abov e attit ud es.

O ne ofthe m ain b enefits ofstaying in one job is sec urity. Chang ing em ploy eroften
m ea ns a period o finstabilit y, where one m ay h ave to think abou tm ov ing hou se, or
tem po rarily losing a stea dy sou rce of incom e.Staying in on e job m ea ns these
prob lem s are avo ided.
Ano therbenefit ofno tchang ing o cc up ation is thaton e is able to g ain a lot o f
exp erience and exp ertise in h is spec ific p rofess ion, thu s enh ancing job sec urity. O ne’s
com pany m ay rec ogn ize their
loy alty and reward theirservice .O n the o therhand, tho se who o ften chang e jobs
m ay b e see n as un reliable,lac king in exp erience and em ploy ers mi gh tbe reluctant
to h ire and inv esttraining in them .
However,there are argu m ents in favou rof chang ing job frequ ently. O ne is thata worker
im prov es his em ploy abilit y. W orking in severaldifferentjob s often m ea ns thatthe
ind ividu alhas m ore skill s.Such p eop le are see n as m ore dyn ami c and v ersatil e.
Ano therbenefit ofchang ing jobs frequ ently is thaton e nevergets stuck in a rut.From
m y o wn exp erience ,Igo tbo red when Ispenttoo long in a job. Following this,the qu alit y
ofm y work wou ld suffer.
Ialso b elieve thatem ploy ers generally don ’ttend to g rea tly reward loy alty or
commitm ent.Increa sed wages and p rom otion are often ea sierto attain by
chang ing job s.
O verall,it ca n b e said thatthe d isadv antages ofchang ing job s are the adv antages of
staying pu t,and v ice versa... In m y op inion, Ifee lthatchang ing jobs every on ce in a
while is ofm ore benefit.
(299 words)
Sam ple 58
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Itis w idely believed thatchildre n of differe ntlevels ofintelli gence should be
taughttog ether ,w hile other s think that m ore intelli gentchildre n should be
taughtseparately.
Discuss and pre sentyo urow n opinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
In p astedu ca tion alinstit ution s,children h ave bee n taugh ttog etherbased on age
regardless ofintellec tualabilit y d isplayed atschoo l.Alternatively, a large propo rtion o f
the popu lation b elieves there shou ld be

a strong m ov e towards the separation of children o fdifferentintellec tualca pabiliti es
in currentedu ca tion al
instit ution s.From m y o wn edu ca tion al p erspec tive,Ihon estly b elieve that young er
stud ents po ss ess ing h igh erintelli gence levels than theirpee rs ought to b e separated
into alternative levels b ased on theirgift,fora nu m berof rea son s.
Admitt edly, although young lea rners have the chance to lea rn a lotfrom ass ociating with
class m ates theirown age,it is widely b elieved thatsuch a proce ss isn’tcon sidered to b e
vitalfora hea lthy edu ca tion alupb ring ing. The argu m entfor intellec tualseparation ho lds
som e strong adv antages.Firstly, by alloca ting stud ents to class es based on levels of
intelli gence , h igh ac hievers have the oppo rtun ity to exce lin a way thatthey cou ldn ’tin a
no rm alclass .Ow ing to the fac tthatthey ca n b e place d into an un restricted
edu ca tion alenv iron m ent,stud ents ca n exce lwith intellec tualfree do m .Sec ond ly,
there is a strong argu m entin
regards to inh ibiti ng a child’s intellec tual g rowth by restricting them from m ov ing abov e
theirpee rs iftheirm entalca pabilit y p ermit s.W hy shou ld we limit the intelli gence ofou r
future generation ? For instance ,m any o ftod ay’s high ly
succe ss fulartists and entrepreneurs in the world h ave com e from an un restricted
edu ca tion albac kg round and h ave bee n allowed to exp lore theirmi nd and ca ree rs to
the fullestextent.
In con clusion, although Ibelieve an edu ca tion alenv iron m entforyoung lea rners shou ld
prom ote equ al oppo rtun ity, Ihon estly think thatcrea ting a m ore liberalenv iron m ent
which enh ance s the lea rning ca pabiliti es of
intellec tually-gifted children will no ton ly b enefit ind ividu al’s ca ree rs bu tfuture society
as a who le.
(288 words)
Sam ple 59
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people think thatun iver sities should notprov ide so m uch theore tical
kn ow ledge bu tgive m ore practical training throughouttheircourses.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include
any relevantexam ples from you rown kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
In the past,a m ajority o faca demi cs have h eld the op inion thatun iversiti es shou ld on ly
offera theoretica lly-based app roac h to teac hing throughou ttheircou rses,as oppo sed to

the m ore rece nttrend towards em pirica lac qu isiti on o fkno wledge invo lving m ore “hand s
on ”exp erience .Is this the m osteffec tive way forstud ents to lea rn v italaca demi c
inform ation while und ertaking theirdegree s? Undoub tedly, adv antages and
disadv antages ofbo th aca demi c lea rning styles have to be evaluated.
Firstly, on the on e hand, d espite being the m ore traditi on aledu ca tion alapp roac h,
lea rning from theory in relevantaca demi c d iscou rses to identify established kno wledg e
allows us to g ain a profess ion alinsigh t.Forexam ple,stud ents ca n ea sily identify fac ts
and op inion s from past d iscou rses.In add iti on, stud ents ac qu ire kno wledg e m ore ea sily
when g iven
relative theoretica lexam ples to bu ild upon. Forinstance ,in sub jec ts such as h istory
orsociology, study ing textbook exam ples allows stud ents to un ravelcom plex
aca demi c theories which they cou ld exp and on. Alternatively, there are som e
disadv antages forstud ents.
O n the otherhand, there is no doub tthatstud ents cou ld find them selves rea ding
tediou s and m ono tonou s aca demi c papers.Forinstance , un iversity d egree s invo lving
the evaluation o fnu m erou s ‘long -wind ed’ aca demi c discou rses prov ide littl e inspiration
forstud ents, d iscou raging enthu siasm .O bv iou sly, interestca n be stim ulated through
em pirica lresea rch in class .By this Im ea n that‘the hu m an b rain lea rns bestby do ing ’.
Although tim e-con sumi ng, there is no sub stit ute for lea rning from m aking mi stakes.
In con clusion, while bo th app roac hes have b enefits and d rawbac ks in ou rever-
chang ing aca demi c world, Ihon estly b elieve thata m ore prac tica lapp roac h p rom otes a
strong erac qu isiti on of aca demi c kno wledg e.In spite ofthe com prehensive nature
which theoretica lteac hing ca n po ss ibly p rov ide, p rac tica llea rning equ als m ore po siti ve
lea rning for future generation s.
(280 words)
Sam ple 60
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
The costs ofm edicalhealth care are incre asing a ll the tim e.G ov er nm ents a re
find ing itdifficultto balance the health care bud get.
Sh ould citize ns be totally re sponsible for theirow n health costs and take out
priva te health insurance , o ris itbetter
to hav e a com pre hensive health care system w hich prov ides free health
ser vice s forall? Discuss .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include
any relevantexam ples from you rown kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:

A m uch d ebated iss ue these days is whetherciti ze ns shou ld take ou tprivate h ea lth
insurance orno t.The costof p rov iding free m edica lca re forbo th the wea lthy and the
poo ris fartoo g rea tfor any gov ernm ent,and m ostpeop le agree thatifyou ca n p ay for
insurance , you shou ld. In this ess ay, Iwill argu e thatallwho ca n afford it shou ld b e
insured, but free m edica lca re m ustbe m ade available fortho se too poo rto do so.
The m ostim po rtantrea son for encou raging p eop le to take ou tprivate
hea lth insurance is the costto the gov ernm entofhea lth ca re.Free hea lth cov erfor
peop le who are able to p ay foritis a waste ofpub lic m on ey. O fcou rse, p eop le will on ly
pay h ea lth insurance p remi um s ifthey kno w thatthey are g etti ng good v alue fortheir
m on ey. If they g etsick, they shou ld p ay v ery littl e or no thing atall.In add iti on, the
privately insured are entitl ed to spec ialbenefits
such as having the cho ice oftheirown do ctors,and b eing able to avo id long
waiti ng lists forho spitalbeds.
O n the otherhand, tho se who rea lly ca nnot afford to p ay p rivate insurance premi um s,
which are often v ery h igh, are still entitl ed as citi ze ns to the bestm edica lca re available
– they ca nno tbe exp ec ted to p ay theirown m edica lbill s.However,ifthey are working,
they shou ld still pay a
perce ntage oftheirwage (say 1 to 2 %) as a tax which p ays towards the costof p rov iding
"free "m edica lservice s.
In con clusion, m ostpeop le shou ld p rivately insure theirhea lth, bu tit is un rea son able to
suppo se thatall citi ze ns ca n afford it.Therefore,a safety n etin the form ofa basic free
hea lth ca re system m ustexistforthe very poo rand the un em ploy ed.
(300 words)
Sam ple 61
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people believe thata college or un iver sity edu cation should be ava ilable
to a ll stud ents.
O ther s believe thathigher edu cation should be ava ilable only to good
stud ents.
Discuss these view s. W hich view do you ag ree w ith? Explain w hy.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Peop le lea rn through theirentire lives.They con stantly im prov e theirkno wledge and
develop. Ithink thata college or un iversity edu ca tion shou ld b e available to

all stud ents beca use every p erson h as the righ tto choo se the way to self-perfec tion.
Bellow Iwill give som e ofm y rea son s to suppo rtm y po siti on.
Firstofall,every p erson shou ld h ave the chance to g eta high erdegree , g ain n ew
kno wledg e and exp erience .However,
som e peop le believe thathigh eredu ca tion shou ld b e available on ly to good stud ents.I
think it is sill y. Itis like to m ake
un available traveling foron e who do es not h ave IQ high enough.
Sec ond o fall,som e young p eop le do not do well atschoo lbu tthey h ave grea t
person alit y and abilit y to lea rn. They are self-con fident, p ersistentand p atient.W ith
these qu aliti es they ca n g ethigh ergrades then theirclass m ates who are talented but
laz y. Im agine forexam ple situation when
a tee nagergets high g rades beca use his or
herparents con stantly m ake him orherstudy and h elp to do m ostofthe ho m ework. In
this ca se a child do es very well atschoo lbu tIthink a college ca n sho w the oppo site
results.
Finally, it is a discrimi nation againststud ents to m ake available high eredu ca tion
on ly forgood on es.
So, ifa stud entdo es poo rand g ets low g rades he/she shou ld b e sentdo wn. Butifa
person was nevergiven a chance to try h im self/herselfatcollege,whatto do in this
ca se?
To sum up, Ithink thatall young p eop le shou ld h ave the chance to g eta high er
edu ca tion. To take orno tthis chance m ust b e up to them .
(277 words)
Sam ple 62
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people pre fer to eatatfoo d stand s o rre staurants.
O ther people pre fer to pre pare and eat foo d athom e.
W hich do yo u pre fer ? Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo ur
answ er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
M an, through the ages, h as und ergon e any chang es from the tim e when h e had to h aun t
forfood to these days when h e has to buy it.Som e peop le preferto buy fresh
vegetables,m ea tand fruits and p repare food atho m e.However, o therpeop le p referto
skip thatstep with cook ing and h ave dinn erata restaurant.Ithink that bo th o fthese
cho ice s have som e adv antages and d isadv antages.Bellow Iwill give som e rea son s to
suppo rtm y answer.

Person ally, Ido no tlike fastfood. So, m y cho ice is always betwee n a restaurantand m y
ho m e.Firstofall,Iwou ld like to say thatcook ing is a grea ttraditi on. Ithelps p eop le to
relax, reflec ton som e plea sant m om ents while pee ling o rcutti ng the
vegetables.Itis a m ea ns ofelimi nating on e's stress and tension. Sec ond o fall,
som etim es Ido no twantto h ave som ething too com plica ted form y d inn er.Ijustwant
to h ave ligh tfood like a salad and a glass ofmil k. So, on e ofthe rea sons why Ilike to
ea tatho m e is beca use Ica n h ave whatIwantatthis m om ent.O ne
grea terthing abou tea ting atho m e is thatIca n sit in fron tofthe TV and watch an
interesting p rog ram ora m ov ie.Finally, h aving d inn eratho m e allows a famil y
comm un ica tes with eac h o ther, b e closerand share som e good and b ad m om ents
thathapp ened ea rlierthatday. Besides,ea ting atho m e is a grea tway to save som e
m on ey.
As forrestaurants,Isee som e po siti ve aspec ts abou tea ting there too. Firstofall,I
som etim es gettired from pee ling,
cutti ng, washing, frying, etc.Itdo es not m ea n Ido it a lot.Som etim es Ijustuse the
mi crowave and a preproce ss ed food thatI bough tea rlier.Iwantto h ave som ething m ore
deliciou s than Ihave in m y refrigerator,som ething thatis tim e-con sumi ng to p repare at
ho m e.So, form e it is a good rea son to go to a restaurant.There on e m ay m ee told
friend s orjusthas a grea ttim e listening to m usic and tasting som e deliciou s m ea ts.
Also, restaurants are a good p lace to ce lebrate som ething. O ne do es no thave to
prepare food forall friend s who are comi ng, wash d ish, pu tin o rderall thatm ess after
the party, etc.
In con clusion, Ithink thatit do es not im po rtantwhere on e has on e's dinn er.W hat
im po rtantis thatit m ustbe full and nu triti ou s.
(415 words)
Sam ple 63
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W hatdiscov er y in the last100 y ears has bee n m ostbeneficialforpeople in yo ur
coun try?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo urchoice .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Iam from Russ ia.From m y op inion the m ostbeneficialdiscov ery forpeop le in ou r
coun try h as bee n the discov ery o fthe
ou terspace .Russ ia is the firstcoun try thatlaun ched a spacec raftwith a m an on the
bo ard into the space .This eventwas a big step towards the new discov eries and b rough t
m any b enefits no ton ly forpeop le in m y coun try. Bellow Iwill give m y rea son s to suppo rt
m y answer.

Firstofall,all hu m ank ind m ade a huge step towards the m ystery o fou rcrea tion.
Scientists had the oppo rtun ity to do the n ew resea rch and exp erim ents.M any n ew
discov eries were m ade on the bo ards of the spacec rafts in the ou terspace .Peop le
from all ov erthe world watched these events.M any book s with rea lcolorful
pho tos were writt en abou tthe beginn ing of the space exp loration. Nowadays we have
a big station ca lled "M ir"in the ou terspace crea ted on the base ofcollabo ration USA
and Russ ia.M any p eop le work there do ing am az ing exp erim ents.
Sec ond o fall,the world b eca m e "sm aller".Peop le lea rntho w to exchang e inform ation
very qu ickly by u se ofsatellit es.
Television is broad-ca sted all ov erthe world by u se ofsatellit es.Here in Hou ston Ica n
watch Russ ian p rog ram s.Peop le got the oppo rtun ity to exchang e news very qu ickly.
To sum up, Ibelieve thatspac e
exp loration will bring m uch m ore benefits in the future and som eday we will lea rn what
is beyond ou rcurrentgalaxy.
(240 words)
Sam ple 64
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
A per son should never m ake an im portantdec ision alone.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
From m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation Ica n claim thatdiscuss ion of an
im po rtantdec ision with o therpeop le b ring m any b enefits.In the following p aragraph s I
will give m y rea son s to d efend this statem ent.
Firstofall, d ifferentpeop le have different op inion s.In o rderto m ake the righ tcho ice
peop le shou ld d iscuss every po ss ible d ec ision and its con sequ ence s.M aking an
im po rtantdec ision alon e ca n b ring m any n egative aspec ts.Forinstance ,a person
ca n revea lhis selfishn ess orim patience and the con sequ ence s ofthatdec ision ca n
affec tm any p eop le in the future.Ithink thata good and wise dec ision ca n b e bo rn on ly
in d iscuss ion b eca use peop le ca n share theirkno wledg e and exp erience s a look atthe
prob lem from differentsides and aspec ts.
Sec ond o fall,Ithink thatm aking d ec ision alon e is un acce ptable espec ially fora
com pany. Im agine thata chiefm akes the d ec ision abou tincrea sing a produ ction line
withou tdiscuss ing it with h is em ploy ee s.
In this ca se a partofcom pany 's profit will b e spend ing on extend ed pu rchase ofraw
m aterials.So, share ho lders will be leftwithou tdividend s.This dec ision m ay lea d to

getti ng rid o fcom pany 's shares and as a result ofthis dec lining the value ofa com pany
as a who le.
To sum up, Ithink thata person shou ld always con sult his relatives orcolleges
when m aking an im po rtantdec ision to avo id po ss ible mi stakes.
(230 words)
Sam ple 65
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Descr ibe a custom from yo urcoun try thatyo u w ould like people from other
coun tries to a dopt.
Explain yo urchoice ,using spec ific re asons and exa m ples.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
In ou rm od ern stress fulworld we often forgetabou tou rcustom s and traditi on s.
However,Ithink thatpeop le shou ld k ee p theirtraditi on s beca use they h elp to
rem em berou rforefathers and v alue the b ea utifulm om ents we have in ou rlives.In m y
coun try we have a grea tcustom ca lled "M aslenica ".Itis a ho liday, which is ce lebrated
atthe end o fthe winter.M any p eop le gatheron the bigg estsqu are
ofthe city and see ofthe winter.They say to the wintergood -by e and ask the spring to
chang e the winter.They ce lebrate the b eginn ing o fthe life when everything starts to
grow.
Peop le atthis ho liday b ake panca kes and trea teac h o therwith them .Also, m any p eop le
gathered on the squ are play d ifferentgam es.Forexam ple,the m ostwell-kno wn g am e
"pu lli ng a rop e"sub sists in thattwo tea m s pu ll a rop e.The winn er
is the tea m ,witch h as a long errop e.O ther
peop le draw on the icy po le.Peop le have fun atthis ho liday even ifthey just ob serve
tho se gam es and do not p articipate.
In con clusion, Iam sure that"M aslenica "wou ld b enefit m any coun tries all ov erthe
world. Peop le have the oppo rtun ity to relax, lea ve theirtroub les and worr ies b ehind and
have fun. Also, this ho liday h elps peop le to find ou tm ore abou teac h o ther,
comm un ica te and m ee tnew peop le.In add iti on to tho se prac tica lbenefits,"M aslenica "
helps peop le to slow do wn theirlife pace and enjoy the present m om ents thatare
irr eplacea ble and b ea utiful.
(248 words)

Sam ple 66
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W hen people m ov e to a nother coun try, som e ofthem dec ide to follow the
custom s ofthe new coun try.
O ther s pre fer to kee p theirow n custom s.Com pare these tw o choice s.W hich one
do yo u pre fer ? Supp ortyo ur a nsw er w ith spec ific details.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Peop le m ay choo se to k ee p theirold traditi on s from theirnative coun try o rto acce pt
new on es.Kee ping the old custom s will help on e to ov ercom e the culturalsho ck and the
chang e ofthe env iron m ent.From the otherside,acce pting the new traditi on s will help
on e to adaptand m ake n ew friend s with residents.In this ess ay I will give different
rea son s why p eop le d ec ide to follow the custom s ofthe new coun try o rto k ee p theirown
custom s.
If on e is from the coun try with strong and o ld traditi on s,Ithink it will be rather d ifficult for
him to adaptto the new custom s and m oreov erto rejec this own. Thatis why som e
peop le from the sam e coun try try to live tog etherand to crea te theirown comm un ity
where the old traditi on s are kept.They ca n no tbrea k the custom s thatwere crea ted by
their
ance stors.Forexam ple,som e nation s are restricted in ce rtain k ind s offood by their
traditi on s.So, they do no tgo to the restaurants un less theirtraditi on alfood is served
there.Som e nation s acc ording to theircustom s have to wea rce rtain typ es of cloth
beca use theirreligion tells them to
do so.
From the otherside,ifon e is from the coun try with traditi on s simil arto on es of the new
coun try it will be ea sy forhim to adop tand to follow the custom s ofthe new p lace .He
will no tfee lm uch d ifference .Prob ably, the m ostdifficult partofhis reloca tion will be to
acc ustom to the new clim ate.
Ithink thatpeop le ofthe new coun try are friend lierwhen they see thatforeign er
follows theircustom s.Ibeliefthat
traditi on s ofevery coun try d eserve respec t,espec ially, when on e lives there.
In summ ary, Ithink thatevery coun try h as its own b ea uty and ifon e wants to find out
m ore abou tit he will lov e it.
(313 words)
Sam ple 67

You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
M oder n tec hn ology is cre ating a single w orld culture .
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
M an, through the ages, h as und ergone m any chang es from the tim e when he d epicted a
herd o fm amm oths on the walls o fthe ca ve to these days when h e ca n chartwith
som eon e on the otherside ofthe g lob e.M od ern tec hno logy is rapidly chang ing the
world's living stand ards thatresults in crea ting a sing le world culture.New tec hno log ies
includ ing Internet,television, elec tron ic m edia,m ea ns of transpo rtation, etc has a grea t
im pac ton
crea ting a simil arculture all around the g lob e.Bellow Iwill listm y rea son s to
suppo rtm y op inion.
Firstofall,Internetand e-m ail have chang ed the way p eop le comm un ica te to eac h
other.Internetbrough tm any b enefits.Itis a new m ea ns of comm un ica tion, a fast
acce ss to inform ation and n ews.Peop le comm un ica te with eac h o ther,share their
idea s, h app iness and d ifficulti es.We have a grea toppo rtun ity to find ou tm ore about
coun tries and theirhistory.
Sec ond o fall,the m od ern m ea ns of transpo rtation allows peop le to m ov e from on e
place to ano thervery qu ickly. A few ce nturies ago it was im po ss ible to im agine waking
up in on e coun try and falli ng
aslee p in ano ther.
Finally, as a result ofall m ention ed above
the bound aries betwee n coun tries,theirtraditi on s and custom s are erased. M any
peop le mi grate du ring theirlives.Som e of them are look ing fora betterplace to live,
others wantto g etnew exp erience and kno wledg e orjustplea sure.So, m any famili es
are crea ted b etwee n p eop le from d ifferentcoun tries.Traditi on s fuse and evo lve into
otheron es orjustvanish.
To sup up, m od ern tec hno logy h as a grea tim pac ton the way p eop le live no w.Itis
crea ting a new sing le world culture where traditi on s and d istance s are no long erof that
im po rtance .
(286 words)
Sam ple 68
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this

task.
A fore ign visitorhas only o ne day to spend in yo urcoun try.
W here should this visitorgo o n that day? W hy?
Use spec ific re asons and details to supp ortyo urchoice .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Traveling is a good way to find ou tm ore abou tdifferentcoun tries with d ifferent
traditi on s and custom s.Som e travelers p referto spend in on e coun try justa few d ays or
on e day and then lea ve forano thercoun try. This way o ftraveling allows p eop le to v isit
m ore coun tries in fewer d ays.Unfortun ately, in this ca se such travelers have to hu rr y in
orderto v isitm ore place s.
Iam from Saint-Petersbu rg, Russ ia.So, ifa foreign v isitorhas on ly on e day to spend in
m y coun try Ithink Iwou ld adv ice him to v isit the "Hermit age"-the m ostwell kno wn and
am az ing m useum in Russ ia.The "Hermit age"has 3 floo rs and m ore then 100 h alls.Itis
rea lly am az ing to v isitthatplace .M any p eop le from all ov erthe world every d ay enterits
walls.Som e of the roo m s devo ted to the history o fothercoun tries.O thers devo ted to
the artofa fam ou s painterand the history o fhis life.
However,m ostofthe halls con clud e m any thing s such as painting s,roy albelong ing s,
sculptures from Russ ian h istory.
Som e peop le say thatit is im po ss ible to fee ldee ply and see all these am az ing
historica lvalues foron e visit.Ihave to com pletely agree with this statem ent.W hen I
firstvisited the "Hermit age"Iwas
14 y ea rs old. Itim press ed m e so m uch thatIwas bac k n extday to see whatIhad not
bee n able to see the day b efore.
The "Hermit age"is an im press ive and b ea utifulm useum .Ithink it is worth to spend
there a who le day and Ibelieve thatafterthata foreign v isitorca n claim with a p roud
thathe orshe saw Russ ia.
(280 words)
Sam ple 69
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
You hav e the opp ortun ity to v isita fore ign coun try fortw o w ee ks.
W hich coun try w ould yo u like to v isit? Use spec ific re asons and details to
explain yo urchoice .

You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Iam a person who likes to travel.Ithink traveling is a grea toppo rtun ity to m ee t
new peop le, g ain m ore kno wledg e and exp erience ,and lea rn n ew custom s and
traditi on s.Idid no ttravela lotyet, bu tIam sure Iwill have a chance to do it.So, ifIhad
the oppo rtun ity to v isit a foreign coun try Iwou ld v isit Egyp t.Ithink it is a g rea tand v ery
interesting coun try with m arvellou s history. In the following p aragraph s Iwill give som e
rea son s to suppo rtm y cho ice .
Firstofall,Ialways drea m ed to v isitEgyp tpy rami ds.M y aun tvisited Egyp ta few yea rs
ago. She was very excited afterthattrip and said thatshe wou ld return there on e m ore
tim e atany cost.She said thatEgyp thad im press ed h ervery m uch with its gloriou s
py rami ds and ancient bu ilding s.Sec ond o fall,Ithink thatin thatcoun try on e ca n tou ch
history, fee lthe
hard b rea th o fworkers bu ilding a py rami d
und erthe parching sun, and see the chain o fca m els walking in the desertwith the
hug e trunk s full ofpresents forCleop atra on theirhu m ps.Finally, Iwantto see a rea l
dess ertand ride the ca m el.All m y
friend s who rod e the ca m elsay thatit is an un forgettable exp erience .
Ibelieve thatIwill have a chance to visitthis bea utifulcoun try som eday. Unfortun ately,
no w Ihave plenty o fplans and thing s to do, so, Iam afraid thatIwill no tbe able to travel
forthe nexttwo y ea rs.Iwantto finish m y edu ca tion and then
find a job, and these thing s have high er p riority then traveling. M y hu sband wants to
visit this coun try too and we m ade an agree m entto m ake ou rtrip to Egyp ton ou rfive
yea rs ann iversary which is in two y ea rs.
In con clusion, Iwantto add thatafterm y trip to Egyp tIwill definitely v isitAustralia.
This coun try is the sec ond one on m y listthe m ostwanted to see .
(339 words)
Sam ple 70
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Itis gener ally ag ree d thatsociety benefits from the w ork ofits m em ber s.
Com pare the contribu tions ofartists to society w ith the contribu tions of
scientists to society.
W hich type ofcontribu tion do yo u think is va lued m ore by yo ursociety? Gi ve
spec ific re asons to supp ortyo uransw er .

You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
From m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation Ithink thatartists as well as scientists
bring m any b enefits to society. Itis a con trov ersialqu estion wea therthe con tribu tion s
ofartists are m ore orless then the con tribu tion s ofscientists to the society. For
severalrea son s,which Iwill
m ention b ellow,Ithink thatbo th typ es are v aluable, p rice less and irreplacea ble for every
society.
The con tribu tion s ofartists to the society
are very ess ential.Artca n form person ’s spiritualsense,theirviews and p erson aliti es.
Peop le lea rn h istory, the traditi on s oftheircoun try trough the art.We also watch m ov ies
thatentertain and atthe sam e tim e extend ou rrang e of
interests.Ano therim po rtantaspec tofthis is thatartis an ancientm ea ns of
comm un ica tion. In o ld tim es peop le d epicted the herds ofm amm oths on the walls of
theirca ves.They perform ed d ifferentrituals around the fireplac e asking theirgod s for
hea lth, good h arvestand wea ther.O urlangu age is a result of p eop le's nee d to
comm un ica te.
From the otherside,the con tribu tion of scientists is cou ld no tbe exagg erated. All
hu m ank ind is ind ebted to the scientists b eca use oftheirwork and ac hievem ents.
Scientists m ake ou rlife ea sier.We have
ca rs and airplanes to m ov e fastfrom one p lace to ano ther.We have mi crowaves and a
bun ch o fpreproce ss ed food to m ake the cook ing m uch ea sier.We have different
device s thatsim plify all we do. Finally, scientists are m aking g rea tac hievem ents
in m edicine thatm ake ou rlife long erand h app ier.Nowadays peop le have a grea t
oppo rtun ity to do m any thing s fasterby u se ofcom pu ters.
To sup up, Ibelieve thatartists nou rish our sou ls when scientists and tec hno logy fee d
ou rmi nd s.So, we ca n no telimi nate or und erestim ate on e ofthem .
(289 words)
Sam ple 71
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people say thatcom pu ter s have m ade life easier and m ore convenient.
O ther people say thatcom pu ter s have m ade life m ore com plex a nd stre ss ful.
W hatis yo uropinion? Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo ur
answ er .

You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Som e peop le say thatthe inv ention of com pu ters is on e ofthe grea test hu m ank ind 's
inv ention s.However, o ther p eop le think thatcom pu ters m ake theirlife m ore stress ful.
Iagree with tho se p eop le who think thatcom pu ters brought m any b enefits and p lay a
very im po rtant role in ou rm od ern life.
Firstofall,every com pany no wadays uses a com pu terto store its data and m ake
differentkind s ofop eration s.Itis very d ifficult to im agine life without com pu ters.A
com pany wou ld h ave to
store milli on s ofpapers and do cum ents.M oreov er,a custom erwou ld h ave to wait hou rs
to chec k h is balance orgeta piece of inform ation abou this transac tion s athis b ank,
while an em ploy ee was look ing trough tho se papers.Ano therim po rtant aspec tofthis is
thatpeop le are able to
typ e all theirinform ation, m ake corr ec tion s,printorsend do cum ents using com pu ters.It
m akes life m uch ea sier.O ne ca n spend the restofthe tim e watching TV with h is famil y
orworking on som ething n ew.
We use com pu ters every d ay som etim es even no tkno wing it.W hen we go to a store
and u se ou rcredit ca rds m any com pu ters proce ss ou rinform ation and
perform transac tion s.W hen we nee d to g etsom e ca sh we use m on ey acce ss m ac hines
thatare com pu terize d too.
Sec ond o fall,com pu ters prov ided a grea tm ea ns ofcomm un ica tion -the Internet. I
think it is the ea siestand chea pestway to g etin tou ch with relatives,friend s, bu siness
collea gu es,etc.Nowadays the world b ec om es sm allerand sm aller.W hen
Iwas a littl e girl,Icou ld no tim agine thatit wou ld b e po ss ible to comm un ica te with
peop le from all around the world in so ea sy way. A person ca n g etlatestnews, b ec om e
friend s with som eon e from ano thercoun try, find h is old friend s,ask fora piece of
adv ice ,etc.
Finally, in add iti on to these prac tica l b enefits peop le ca n shop withou tlea ving their
hou se.They justuse an Internetacce ss ,a com pu terand theirca rds to m ake a paym ent.
Itis kind o fdifficult to
im agine thata few yea rs ago p eop le had to spend theirtim e in lines buy ing tickets.Now,
a person ca n choo se a destination, com pany, d ate and tim e and g ettickets d elivered to
his doo r.Ithink it is am az ing. To sum up, Ibelieve thatcom pu ters m ade ou rlives
ea sier.They chang e ou rattit ude towards life.Ithink with the inv ention of
com pu ters peop le beca m e closerand friend lier.
(404 words)
Sam ple 72

You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W hen people nee d to com plain abouta produ ctorpoo rser vice ,som e pre fer to
com plain in w riting a nd other s pre fer to com plain in per son.
W hich w ay do yo u pre fer ?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include
any relevantexam ples from you rown kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Itis ratherdifficult form e to answerthe qu estion ho w Ipreferto com plain:in writi ng o r
in p erson b eca use som etim es Ijustdo no thave a cho ice .Forexam ple,ifI o rdera
produ ctusing the Internetfrom ano therstate oreven coun try, Iwill m ore likely h ave the
oppo rtun ity to spea k to a representative ofa com pany in p erson. So, in som e ca ses I
choo se to spea k in p erson and in o thers Ipreferto com plain in writi ng. However,I
believe thatevery op tion h as its adv antages.
From the on e side,com plaining in writi ng
bring s m any b enefits.Firstofall, on e do es no thave to spend h is prec iou s tim e
driving, waiti ng forhis turn and talking with a representative.He ca n justsend m ail or
e-m ail and g etall exp lanation he n ee ds.Sec ond o fall,Ithink it is the bestway to
avo id an unp lea santconv ersation.
Person ally, Ido no tlike to com plain about any thing espec ially, in p erson. Finally,
som etim es it is im po ss ible to h ave a face -to-face conv ersation b eca use a com pany
which p rov ided a poo rprodu ctorservice
is too faraway.
From the otherside,com plaining in p erson h as som e benefits too. First,this typ e of
com plaining p rov ides an imm ediate fee db ac k. So, ifIhave som e
com plains abou tcom pany 's produ cts Iwillrece ive all inform ation and exp lanation righ t
away. However,send ing a com pany a
letterand g etti ng a fee db ac k ca n take m ore then a m on th. Sec ond, face -to-fac e
conv ersation is often m ore effec tive.Peop le talk to eac h other,see eac h o therfac ial
gestures and body m ov em ents,
which ca n tell a lotabou ta person. In add iti on to these prac tica lbenefits,in the ca se if
on e ca n no trece ive creditable exp lanation from on e representative he always ca n
requ ire to talk to ano ther p erson. Forinstance ,m y hu sband rece ntly h ad som e extra
withd raws from his acc oun tby h is bank and h e was no taware o fit.So, h e wentto the
bank and
exp lained to the bank 's representative the situation and they tog etherfound the solution
and thatm on ey was given b ac k to m y hu sband 's acc oun t.Ithink, in this ca se face -to-
face conv ersation is the best
way to com plain and g etfee db ac k fast.

In con clusion, Ithink thatifIhave to com plain abou ta produ ctorpoo rservice Iwill do it
in p erson. However,ifface -to-face conv ersation is im po ss ible Ithink I h ave no thing left
bu tto send a letteror write an e-m ail there.
(409 words)
Sam ple 73
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people pre fer to w ork fora large com pany.
O ther s pre fer to w ork fora sm allcom pany. W hich w ould yo u pre fer ? Use
spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo urchoice .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
The iss ue whetherworking fora large com pany is betterthan working fora sm all
com pany is a con trov ersialon e.From m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation I think
thatevery op tion h as its adv antages and d isadv antages.Ibase m y op inion on the
following po ints.
From the on e side working fora large com pany b ring s m any b enefits.Firstof all,
on e has betterm edica linsurance ,
high ersalary. O ften em ploy ee s ofa large com pany h ave less respon sibilit y. M oreov er,
they fee lm ore sec ure beca use theircom pany h as m ore clients and this m ea ns better
chance to survive on the m od ern m arket.However, on e working for a large com pany h as
less chance to be p rom oted b eca use on e's m anagerdo es not wantto lose his orherjob
un less she orhe is prom oted too. Also, from m y ob servation, m anagers ofa large
com pany do no tpay m uch attention to on e's solution s and sugg estion s.
From the otherside working fora sm allcom pany h as m any adv antages too. Firstly,
on e has betterchance to be p rom oted. Sec ond ly, on e ca n talk to the o wnerofthe
com pany abou tany
im prov em ents thatca n b e don e in o rderto g etm ore profit.Ano therim po rtantaspec t
ofworking fora sm all com pany is the oppo rtun iti es to find ou tm ore abou thow com pany
works.As a result ofthis on e ca n g ain m ore exp erience and g etbetter
rec omm end ation s.However,this also h as som e disadv antages.Forinstance , on e ca n
getless salary, worse m edica lbenefits,
etc.

To sum up, Ithink thatevery p erson choo ses forhim selfwhathe orshe wants.If on e
wants betterca ree rand m ore respon sibiliti es then a sm all com pany is b ettercho ice .
O therwise,working fora large com pany m ay b e a good op tion too.
(286 words)
Sam ple 74
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
You hav e dec ided to g ive sever alhours o fyo urtim e each m onth to im prov e the
comm un ity w here yo u live.
W hatis one thing yo u w ill do to im prove yo urcomm un ity? W hy?
Use spec ific re asons and details to explain yo urchoice .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
Ithink the qu estion whatwou ld Ido ifI
had a chance to im prov e m y comm un ity is d ifficult.Ihave in m y mi nd m any thing s,the
im prov em entofwhich will m ake our comm un ity b etterplace to live bu tthey allrequ ire
the participation o fm any p eop le and, m oreov er,they requ ire inv estm ents,which Ica n
no tprov ide.Forexam ple,m y comm un ity is qu ite no isy. We have the hug e m all justin
fron tofou rcomm un ity, so traffic jam s are very comm on forthis p lace .Ithink thatthe
con struction o fa few p ass -by roads will benefit all peop le who live here as well as
peop le who d rive by every d ay.
Unfortun ately, the qu estion is whatIca n do form y comm un ity g iving a few hou rs o fm y
tim e every m on th. Ithink Ica n not do m uch, bu tIstill ca n h elp som eon e in m y
comm un ity. Forexam ple,Ica n b aby -sit.Ikno w a coup le offamili es with littl e
children, who ca n no tafford to spend m uch m on ey on the baby -sitt er.O ne of these
famili es is a sing le m om with a littl e g irl.Julia,this is hernam e,is a waitress in a
restaurant.She is a grea tperson and we b eca m e close friend s.So, som etim es I o ffer
herhelp with h erchild when she has to work in the evening s.Ano therfamil y h as two
funny littl e twins.O ne tim e their p arents asked m e to b aby sit theirchildren b eca use they
had to attend an un exp ec ted p resentation.
Ithink this kind o fhelp b ring s m any b enefits to m y comm un ity. Firstofall, p eop le
bec om e friend lier.Forexam ple,tho se famili es,which Im ention ed abov e, b eca m e

friend s afterIintrodu ce d them to eac h o ther.Sec ond o fall, p eop le getto kno w eac h
otherand fee lm ore sec ure in
theirhou ses and apartm ents.Finally, Iam rea dy to h elp tho se peop le beca use Iam sure
thatthey will help m e too. O ne tim e Ilostthe keys from m y ca rand Julia offered m e her
ca rfora while.
To sum up, Ibelieve thatbaby -sitti ng is a g rea tway to h elp m y comm un ity in m any
aspec ts.
(353 words)
Sam ple 75
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Television has destroy ed comm un ication a m ong friend s and fam ily.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
m od elanswer:
The inv ention o ftelevision is undoub tedly on e ofhu m ank ind 's grea testinv ention s.Itis a
way o fcomm un ica tion am ong p eop le o fon e coun try and d ifferentcoun tries and n ation s.
Peop le watch TV to find ou tabout the latestnews,wea ther,spo rts,etc.Itis a g rea tway
to lea rn n ew and extend on e's
rang e ofinterests.Scientists say thatchildren spend the sam e am oun tofhou rs in fron t
ofTV as they do in schoo l.Ithink thatthis ca n b e said abou tm any g rown p eop le too.
Also, television is a grea tm ea ns ofelimi nating stress and tension. O ne ca n relax and
lea ve on e's troub les b ehind lying on on e's favo rite sofa and watching a com edy.
However,som e
peop le believe thattelevision h as d estroy ed comm un ica tion am ong friends and famil y.
Person ally, Ido no tagree with this statem ent.A coup le ce nturies ago p eop le spent
theirtim e gam bling, rea ding, go ss iping o rplaying chess .Ido no tthink thattelevision is
a ca use ofdestroy ed comm un ica tion am ong famil y m em bers and friend s.Firstofall,if
m em bers ofa famil y h ave comm on interests and they
wantto m ake eac h o therhappy they willalways find m any ways to spend theirtim e
tog etherand b e close.O therwise,ifpeop le avo id eac h o therand they do no thave
any thing to share with eac h o therthey willfind television a grea tway to esca pe from this
mi serable existence .Ibelieve thatm any p eop le cho se famil y and their

friend s ov ersom e soap op eras ora m ov ie.Sec ond o fall,Ithink thattelevision ca n be a
grea tresou rce ofsub jec ts to d iscuss .M any p eop le watch d ifferentedu ca tion al
prog ram s to find ou tm ore abou ttheirenv iron m ent, n ature,wild life anim als,ec ono mi c
situation s,etc.So, when they g atherwith theirfriend s they d iscuss im po rtantiss ues and
arqu e with eac h o therin look ing forthe truth.
M y hu sband and Ioften watch the news chann elto k ee p abrea stofthe latestnews.
Afterthatwe always discuss som e iss ues we con ce rned abou t.Also, we like to watch a
TV sho w "the funn iestanim als".We like this prog ram beca use it m akes us laugh. Ica n
no tim agine ho w these p rog ram s ca n p reventou rcomm un ica tion and b e harm fulto ou r
relation s.
To summ arize ,Iwou ld like to add thatif p eop le wantto comm un ica te with eac h o ther
they will find a way to do it.O therwise,iftelevision were no texistent, p eop le wou ld find
otheresca pes and rea son s no tto b e with eac h o thersuch as drug s, g am bling, etc.
(413 words)
Sam ple 76
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
W e all w ork orw ill w ork in ourjobs w ith m any diff ere ntkind s ofpeople.In
yo uropinion,w hatare som e
im portantcharacter istics ofa co-w orker
(som eone yo u w ork closely w ith)? Use re asons and spec ific exa m ples to
explain w hy these character istics are im portant.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
A large nu m berofpeop le spend m ostof theirtim e atwork. O urlife is divided into three
equ alparts:8 hou rs -slee p, 8 hou rs -
work, 8 hou rs -famil y tim e.So, in the m ostca ses, on e's co-workerplays an im po rtant
role in on e's life.From m y op inion, the ess entialcharac teristics ofa co-workerare the
following.
Firstofall,a person who works closely with m e m ustlike his job. Ithink it is very
im po rtantfora person to fee lsatisfac tion with h is job. M y hu sband is a software
develop er.He is fond o fhis job and p eop le enjoy working with h im beca use they see
ho w m any energy h e pu ts into h is job. Sec ond o fall,m y co-workerm ustbe p ersistent
and n evergive up. Ilike when p eop le who ca m e ac ross a prob lem try to solve it,find a
good d ec ision instea d of look ing forano therperson to h and it ov er.Ano therim po rtant

aspec tofthis is thata good workershou ld always ask h im self"W hatca n b e im prov ed?"
and sugg ests
new solution s.
In add iti on, h e m ustbe a good tea m p layer.In the m od ern world good comm un ica tion
skill s and the abilit y to work in a tea m are am ong the comm on po siti on requ irem ents.
Person ally, Ithink it is grea tto h elp eac h o ther,share new idea s, d evelop n ew
solution s,etc.Ithelps to crea te a tea m spirit and im prov e labor p rodu ctivity.
Finally, m y co-workerm ustbe pun ctual.He orshe shou ld finish the job on tim e Ithink
thatItis un acce ptable to m ake the restofa tea m wait while a person finishes h is orher
job. Also, m y "idea lco-worker"shou ld always be rea dy to o fferhis orher h elp and b e
suppo rtive.
To summ arize ,Ithink ifa co-worker po ss ess es all ofthese qu aliti es m ention ed abov e
he ca n m ake work with h im rea lly
enjoy able and p rodu ctive.(314 words)
Sam ple 77
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Class m ates are a m ore im portantinfluence than pare nts on a child’s
succe ss in schoo l.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ica n no tcom pletely agree with the statem entthatclass m ates are a m ore im po rtant
influence than p arents on a child's succe ss in schoo l.In this ess ay I will firstfocus on
the rea son s why Iagree with this statem entand then lista few po ints why from m y
op inion in som e ca ses is no ttrue.
From the on e side,class m ates have a sign ifica ntinfluence on child's behavior and h is
orhersucce ss in schoo l.Firstof all,children spend m uch tim e atschoo l.Class m ates
have m any thing s in comm on such as age,interests, ho m ework and class es afterall.
So, they d iscuss theirim press ion s abou ta new teac her,solve p rob lem s tog ether,
lea rn theirho m ework, g ain n ew kno wledg e and exp erience and
even m ake theirown d iscov eries.Sharing all these m akes them closer.Som e ofthem
bec om e friend s and they spend after-schoo ltim e tog ether.In add iti on friends tend to
copy eac h o ther's habits and m ann ers.Forinstance ,m y littl e sister b eca m e friend s with
the girlwho d id not h ave good g rades atschoo latthattim e.It do es no tm ea n she cou ld
no thave better g rades;she justhad m any friend s who d id no tca re abou ttheirgrades.
So, when they started to spend theirtim e tog etherand share theirinterests, g irl's
grades
im prov ed. They d id theirho m ework tog ether,shared theirdrea m s and exciti ng
m om ents.From this po intIm ustagree
thatclass m ates ca n chang e child’s attit ude towards schoo l.

From the otherside, p arents have a grea tinfluence on children'succe ss in school
too. Forexam ple ifparents sho w an interestin theirchild's prog ress and talk to h im or
herabou tthe im po rtance of
lea rning Ithink theirchild will listen to them and do h is orherbest.
Person ally, Ibelieve thatrelation ships b etwee n p arents and a child p lay an ess ential
role in child's succe ss in schoo l.If these relation ships are close and
who lehea rted Iam sure thatparents shou ld no tbe afraid o fbad influence from the
ou tside.
(328 words)
Sam ple 78
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Itis bett er forchildre n to g row up in the coun tryside than in a big city.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to develop yo uress ay.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Som e peop le believe thatit is betterfor children to g row up in the coun tryside than in a
big city. However, o therpeop le think thata big city g ives m ore oppo rtun iti es
and it is good forthe long run. Person ally, forseveralrea son s Ithink thatit is betterfor
children's hea lth to g row up in the coun try.
Firstofall,it is very im po rtantfora child to g row up in a hea lthy env iron m ent.Children
nee d fresh air, no tpo lluted by the hug e am oun tofca rs and fac tories ofthe m od ern city.
In the coun try they ca n spend m ore tim e exercising and walking with theirfriend s.
Scientists say thatnow children spend the sam e am oun toftim e watching TV as they do
atschoo l.
Prob ably, the po ss ibilit y to join theirfriend s fora play will chang e this p ropo rtion.
Ano therim po rtantaspec tof this is thatparents will have m ore tim e to spend with their
children as a result of elimi nating traffic jam s and d ec rea sing d riving tim e as a who le.
From the otherside,children h ave som e adv antages living in a big city. For exam ple,
they h ave m ore oppo rtun iti es to choo se from whatthey wantto do. They
ca n choo se to attend b alletschoo l,school o fart, gy m nastics,etc.Forthe long run, itis
good forthem .They will be better p repared fora live in a "rea lworld"and they will have
m ore chance s to m ake a good ca ree rand succee d. M oreov er,a big city u sually h as
m any entertaining ce nters with m ov ie thea tres and p lay station s.W hen Iwas a child I
liked to go to the m ov ie thea tre with m y p arents to watch a p remi ere.
O ne m ore rea son to choo se a big city fora child is thata city p rov ides betterlive
cond iti on s and service s such as m edica l, d ental,etc.M y friend lived in the coun try fora

while and on e tim e he and h is famil y h ad to d rive a coup le ofhou rs to the n ea rest
m edica lce nterwhen h is child got
a hea vy cough.
To summ arize ,Iagree with tho se peop le
who wantto raise theirchildren in a city. The plenty o foppo rtun iti es offered by a city
helps children to find whatthey rea lly like and b e the bestatit.M oreov er,
despite the airpo llution, children g eta b etterm edica lservice thatis good for their
hea lth.
(394 words)
Sam ple 79
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
A per son yo u kn ow is plann ing to m ove to yo urtow n orcity. W hatdo yo u think
this per son w ould like and dislike aboutliving in yo urtow n orcity?
W hy? Use spec ific re asons and details to
develop yo uress ay.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Iam from Saint-Petersbu rg, Russ ia.Itis a v ery b ea utifulcity thatattrac ts m any p eop le
every y ea r.M y close friend is go ing to m ov e here afterhergradu ation. She alrea dy
found a job and she asked m e to h elp h erwith an apartm ent.Kno wing h ervery well I
think Ica n enu m erate the
m ajority o fthing s she will like and d islike abou tm y city.
Firstofall,Ibelieve she will like a huge am oun tofm useum s,thea tres,m ov ie
thea tres,etc.M y friend is from a sm all
town, so, she ca n no tenjoy all these b enefits athernative town. Sec ond o fall,it see m s
to m e thatshe will like the way p eop le live here.The pace oflife is m uch fasterhere
then in a sm all town. Peop le are always in a hu rr y, they try to ca tch a bu s,and then
they run to the nea restsub way station, go to an o ffice ,m ee tnew p eop le,etc.Also, I
think m y friend willlike peop le here.They are very friend ly and rea dy to o ffera help to
tho se in n ee d. Unfortun ately, m y friend will no tsurely like som e thing s.As a result ofa
huge am oun tofca rs and fac tories the airis po lluted h ere.O ne m ore thing she will
definitely no tlike is the wea ther.Itis qu ite hu mi d h ere.
However,Ithink she will also like the pub lic transpo rthere.The bu s service s are run by
the G ov ernm entand it is qu ite
regu lar.If on e in a hu rr y h e ca n take a
taxi,which also is qu ite chea p and p rov ide a good transpo rt.

In con clusion, Ibelieve thatin spite ofallm ention ed abov e disadv antages she willlike
this city.
(283 words)
Sam ple 80
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people think thatchildre n should begin theirform aledu cation ata v er y
early ag e and should spend m ostoftheirtim e on schoo lstud ies.
O ther s believe thatyo un g childre n
should spend m ostoftheirtim e play ing. Com pare these tw o v iew s. W hich view
do yo u ag ree w ith? W hy?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Peop le lea rn through theirentire lives.Curiosity was always the basic charac teristic ofa
hu m an b eing. W e always wantto b rea k limit s and lea rn m ore.Atthis po intsom e peop le
think thatchildren shou ld b egin theirform aledu ca tion ata very ea rly age and spend
m ostoftheirtim e on schoo lstud ies.This will help them to succee d in the future.
However,forseveralrea son s,which Iwill
exp lain b ellow,Ithink thatchildren shou ld no tstudy ata very ea rly age.
O fca use,children who b egin to study ata v ery ea rly age have m ore chance s to succee d
in the future.They g ain m ore kno wledg e and exp erience which are p rice less and
valuable.In add iti on, study ing m ore no w they will give them the oppo rtun ity to p erfec t
theirkno wledg e in the future and b ec om e better
profess ion als.
However,Ithink thatevery child m ust h ave his orherchildhood. Children shou ld lea rn
through p laying and comm un ica tion with theirfriend s and p arents.Ithink thatsuch
basic qu aliti es as kindn ess ,self-con fidence and justa good sense ofhu m or ca n no tbe
gained from study ing. Children shou ld m ore tim e spend with theirfamil y, p laying and
lea rning with theirparents.
Im agine thata child instea d o fplaying with h is friend s do es his ho m ework and fee l
exh austed and tired. Ano therim po rtantaspec tofthis is thatchildren attheirea rly ages
nee d m ore exercise b eca use atthis age the develop m entof theirbody is a very
ess entialaspec t.Children firstofall m ustbe hea lthy.
To sum up, Ithink thatchildren shou ld h ave theirca reless childhood with no
respon sibiliti es.M oreov er,Iam sure that p laying h elps them develop no ton ly their

bon es and m uscles bu ttheirabilit y to m ake dec ision s,analyze thing s,m ake
con clusion s,which is very good fortheirfuture.
(296 words)
Sam ple 81
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Wa tching television is bad forchildre n.Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to
supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Som e parents believe thatwatching television is bad fortheirchildren. So, they try
to restricttheirchildren from watching TV.However, o therparents
think thatthere is no thing b ad in watching
TV.Person ally, Ithink thatwatching TV b ring s children on ly b enefits un less they spend
in fron tofTV setless then a coup le o fhou rs daily. Forthe following rea son s,which Iwill
m ention b ellow,Ibelieve thattelevision p lays an ess entialrole in child's d evelop m ent.
Firstofall,television h elps a child to extenthis orherrang e ofinterests.Children ca n
find ou tm any n ew thing s and m ake m any exiti ng d iscov eries for them selves.In add iti on
to these prac tica l b enefits television im prov es children's vo ca bu lary, theirm em ory and
gives them the oppo rtun ity to g ain m ore kno wledg e. I think it is very ess entialfora child.
O fca use,som eon e ca n say thatthere are p lenty o fdifferentrec ou rses of
inform ation such as book s and teac hers.But,Ithink, in ou rm od ern world children
m ustlea rn fasterand u se all con tem po rary tec hno logy in o rderto succee d.
Sec ond o fall,watching cogn iti ve p rog ram s helps children to lea rn m ore abou twild life,
ou renv iron m entand about the im po rtance ofpreserving ou rforest
and wild anim als thatlive there.
Scientists say thata child shou ld no twatch
TV m ore then 40 mi nu tes succe ss ively. Forexam ple,m y m otheralways m ade us h ave
a brea k afterwatching TV m ore then h alfan hou rand letou reyes restfor several
mi nu tes before turning on the TV again. Ithink it is the bestsolution.
To sum up, Ibelieve thattelevision g ives children and all peop le the oppo rtun ity to lea rn
whatca n no tbe lea rn from book s.Television and m ov ies in p articularallow p eop le to
fee lthe rea lit y and see whatthey will m ostlikely no tbe able to see in their
lives.Person ally, when Iwas a child I liked to watch cogn iti ve prog ram s about wild
anim als.Unfortun ately, m y famil y h ad on ly on e TV, bu tthese prog ram s were the on ly
on es we all wanted to watch. So, we gathered in ou rliving roo m and watched them in
com plete silence and I always rem em bertho se m om ents with a smil e on m y face .

(367 words)
Sam ple 82
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Childre n should begin learning a fore ign
languag e as soo n as they startschoo l.Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to
supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Langu age is the bestm ea ns of comm un ica tion. In the m od ern g lob aliza tion era it is
no tenough to be able to spea k on e langu age to comm un ica te with the ou tside world. I
strong ly suppo rtthe idea thatchildren shou ld b egin lea rning a foreign langu age as
soon as they startschoo l.They faster b ec om e famili arwith a strang e langu age,
im prov e theirhea ring abilit y to und erstand
new words as tim e go es by and lea rn n ew words.In the following p aragraph s Iwilllist
som e rea son s to suppo rtm y po siti on. Firstofall,ifon e wants to see ou tcom e soon, on e
m uststartsoon er.So, the ea rly children begin to lea rn n ew langu age the b etterwill be
the result.Scientists say thata child do es no tcon fuse two d ifferent langu ages bu tlea rns
them m ore effec tively.
Sec ond o fall,adu lts are often afraid to m ake mi stakes when they are spea king in a
new langu age.This fea ris on e ofthe b igg estbarr iers fora person in h is efforts
to spea k free ly. O therwise,children do not afraid o fm aking g ramm atica lmi stakes
beca use basica lly they justrepea twords and sentence s in the way they h ea rthem .Also,
children h ave a betterchance to g etrid o fan acce nt.They fastergetused to
the righ tpronun ciation and b etterfee lthe m elody o fa langu age.
To sum up, Ithink thatit is very ess entialforchildren to b egin lea rning a foreign
langu age in theirea rly ages.Itis brings m any b enefits such as grea tpronun ciation.
Also, it helps a child d evelop and g ain m ore kno wledg e which is good fora long run.
(264 words)
Sam ple 83
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?

Pare nts orother adu ltre latives should
m ake im portantdec isions fortheir(15 to 18 y ear-old)tee nag e childre n.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Parents are in m ostca ses ou rfirstteac hers and friend s.From m y everyd ay exp erience I
have to agree with the statem entthatim po rtantdec ision s shou ld b e m ade by our
parents oradu lt relatives.In the following p aragraph s Iwill give m y rea son s to suppo rt
this statem ent.
Firstofall,tee nage children h ave the tend ency to live in theirown fantasies.
They do no tclea rly und erstand the rules of a rea llife.W hen Iwas 18 y ea rs old I though t
thatthe world was perfec tand everything see m ed to b e sim ple.
Tee nagers are basica lly inexp erience d; they aspire forind epend ence and try to m ake
theirfirststeps towards free do m . I think thatit is like starting to walk when a b aby
nee ds its parents forsuppo rt.An ind epend entlife is a big and sign ifica nt p artin a
person 's life.So, m y po intis that
it is very im po rtantto m ake this step righ t.Sec ond o fall,Ithink thatparents have righ t
to interfere in theirchildren's lives.They n ee d to kno w whatkind o ffriends
theirchildren h ave and ho w children spend theirspare tim e.Forexam ple Ihad an
eigh tee n y ea rs old friend who go trea lly ang ry with h is parents when they
proh ibited h im to b e friend s with a young
m an. Som eho w his parents found ou tthatthatyoung m an was occa sion ally taking
drug s.Thatm an was dea d in a yea r b eca use ofdrug abu se.Afterthatacc ident m y
friend thank ed h is parents forthatinterference .
Finally, Ithink tee nage children shou ld be m ore op en-mi nd ed with theirparents.Itwill
help them to m ake the righ tcho ice and avo id m any mi stakes.
To sum up, Ibelieve thatyoung p eop le shou ld trusttheirparents beca use they
wish theirchildren on ly the best.
(291 words)
Sam ple 84
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Itis bett er forchildre n to g row up in the coun tryside than in a big city.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to develop yo uress ay.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.

m od elanswer:
Som e peop le believe thatit is betterfor children to g row up in the coun tryside than in a
big city. However, o therpeop le think thata big city g ives m ore oppo rtun iti es
and it is good forthe long run. Person ally, forseveralrea son s Ithink thatit is betterfor
children's hea lth to g row up in the coun try.
Firstofall,it is very im po rtantfora child to g row up in a hea lthy env iron m ent.Children
nee d fresh air, no tpo lluted by the hug e am oun tofca rs and fac tories ofthe m od ern city.
In the coun try they ca n spend m ore tim e exercising and walking with theirfriend s.
Scientists say thatnow children spend the sam e am oun toftim e watching TV as they do
atschoo l.
Prob ably, the po ss ibilit y to join theirfriend s fora play will chang e this p ropo rtion.
Ano therim po rtantaspec tof this is thatparents will have m ore tim e to spend with their
children as a result of elimi nating traffic jam s and d ec rea sing d riving tim e as a who le.
From the otherside,children h ave som e adv antages living in a big city. For exam ple,
they h ave m ore oppo rtun iti es to choo se from whatthey wantto do. They
ca n choo se to attend b alletschoo l,school o fart, gy m nastics,etc.Forthe long run, itis
good forthem .They will be better p repared fora live in a "rea lworld"and they will have
m ore chance s to m ake a good ca ree rand succee d. M oreov er,a big city u sually h as
m any entertaining ce nters with m ov ie thea tres and p lay station s.W hen Iwas a child I
liked to go to the m ov ie thea tre with m y p arents to watch a p remi ere.
O ne m ore rea son to choo se a big city fora child is thata city p rov ides betterlive
cond iti on s and service s such as m edica l, d ental,etc.M y friend lived in the coun try fora
while and on e tim e he and h is famil y h ad to d rive a coup le ofhou rs to the n ea rest
m edica lce nterwhen h is child got
a hea vy cough.
To summ arize ,Iagree with tho se peop le
who wantto raise theirchildren in a city. The plenty o foppo rtun iti es offered by a city
helps children to find whatthey rea lly like and b e the bestatit.M oreov er,
despite the airpo llution, children g eta b etterm edica lservice thatis good for their
hea lth.
(394 words)
Sam ple 85
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Childre n should be re qu ire d to help
w ith household tasks as soo n as they a re a ble to do so.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.

m od elanswer:
The iss ue abou twhetherchildren shou ld h elp with hou seho ld tasks as soon as they are
able to do so is op en fordebate.Som e p eop le say thatchildren shou ld d evo te m ore
tim e forplaying with theirfriend s,watching TV and study ing. However, o ther p eop le
believe thatchildren shou ld h elp theirparents with hou seho ld tasks.Person ally, for
severalrea son s,which I
will exp lain b ellow,Iadh ere to the latter po intofview.
Firstofall,Ithink thatevery child shou ld h ave his orherown respon sibiliti es.W hen I
was a child m y p arents taugh tm e ho w to m ake brea kfastin the m orning. So, Iwoke up,
wentto the kitchen and p repared a coup le oftoasts forbrea kfast.Itwas ea sy and I
enjoy ed do ing it beca use Iliked the way m y p arents thank ed m e and Ifelt thatthey were
proud o fm e.Also, m y m om always wanted m e to kno w ho w to cook, clea n and iron m y
cloth. Thank s to the lea rning, no wadays,when m y m aid ca n
no tcom e to m y hou se Ihand le all hou seho ld tasks m yself.
Sec ond o fall, p erformi ng hou seho ld tasks teac hes children to v alue the job o fpeop le
who d id it.W hen Iwas a child Idid not im agine thatclea ning hou se cou ld b e so tim e
and energy con sumi ng. So, when I b egan to do som e ofthe hou seho ld tasks
by m yselfIbegan to respec tthe job of o thers and tryed to collec tall m y toys after
m y p laying with them .
Finally, do ing hou seho ld tasks teac hes children to arrang e theirtim e.In add iti on to
tho se prac tica lbenefits, h elp from children allows parents to h ave m ore spare tim e for
theirperson allives and forthe children. A famil y ca n h ave m ore tim e to spend with eac h
othertalking, watching m ov ies orjustenjoy ing the bea utiful m om ents.
To sum up, Ithink thatchildren shou ld h elp theirparents with hou seho ld tasks.Doing
hou seho ld tasks helps them to g row into ind epend ent,self-con fident,and attentive
person s who respec ttheir
parents.
(334 words)
Sam ple 86
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W hatare som e im portantqu alities ofa goo d sup er visor(boss )?
Use spec ific details and exa m ples to explain w hy these qu alities are
im portant.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.

m od elanswer:
M any p eop le have to work und ersom ebody 's sup ervision. In m ostca ses an em ploy ee
do es no tchoo se his orherbo ss ,
un less a sup ervisoris elec ted. In the following p aragraph s Iwill listthe m ostim po rtant
qu aliti es ofm y "idea lbo ss ".Firstofall, h e m ustbe im partial.Ibelieve thatit is very
im po rtantto m ake a
tec hn ica ldec ision, think abou tsom ebody 's p rom otion, etc.im partially. Forinstance ,m y
friend is a sup ervisoron a dairy mill .
Itis his famil y's bu siness so a lotofhis relatives work there.Buthe never
prom otes som eon e beca use he orshe is his famil y. Ithink it is a good qu alit y fora bo ss .
Sec ond o fall,m y "idea lbo ss "m ustbe hon est, p atientand attentive.He shou ld p ay
attention to p eop le's fee ling s,encou rage them by increa sing theirsalary,
listen to theirsugg estion s abou tim prov ing labo rcond iti on s and p rodu ctivity. For
instance ,ifhe do es no tsatisfied with the
result he shou ld und erstand the origin of the prob lem and exp lain p eop le ho w to fix it.In
add iti on, h e m ustkno w ho w to solve con flicts thatca n arise betwee n em ploy ee s.
Ano therim po rtantqu alit y o fa bo ss is the abilit y to choo se the righ tdec ision s and to
lea rn on som ebody 's mi stakes.
Finally, Ithink a good bo ss m ustvalue his o rherem ploy ee s beca use the profit d irec tly
depend s on the peop le who work there.
In con clusion, Ithink a good bo ss shou ld b e able to m ake his peop le enjoy the work they
are do ing and encou rage their d ili gence .
(252 words)
Sam ple 87
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people enjoy change, a nd they loo k forw ard to new exper ience s.O ther s
like theirlives to stay the sam e, a nd they do notchange theirusual habits.
Com pare these tw o a pp roa ches to life. W hich app roa ch do yo u pre fer ? Explain
w hy.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Som e peop le like to live in the sam e hou se, h ave the sam e job and h abits all
theirlives.However, o thers aspire to chang es and n ew exp erience .Person ally, forthe
severalrea son s,which Iwillexp lain b ellow,Ipreferthe firstapp roac h to life.
Firstofall,chang es in on e's life bring m any b enefits.O ne tries new thing s, g ains n ew
kno wledg e and exp erience .Ithink it

is grea tbeca use withou tchang es life b ec om es bo ring. Ialways try to m ake chang es in
m y life.M oreov er,when Ifee lthatm y life is bo ring Ido no tfee lwellabou tit.Ifee llike I
spenttho se days for no thing. Idid no tdo any thing exiti ng, I lea rntno thing interesting
and Ijustwaisted m y tim e.
Sec ond o fall, p eop le nee d chang es.Furtherm ore,we nee d ob stac les to ov ercom e
and reac h ou rgo als.Ibelieve thatchang es m ake us strong er,m ore
persistent,m ore self-con fident,and m ore p atient.Also, Ifee lthatall peop le who
succee ded in life like chang es and n ew exp erience beca use it is im po ss ible to be the
bestatsom e field withou tperfec ting the presentkno wledg e and g ain n ew exp erience .
Peop le ca tch every
oppo rtun ity to lea rn m ore and chang e theirlife forthe best.
From the otherside, p eop le who like theirlives to stay the sam e are very p erm anent.
They h ave the sam e job all theirlife,the sam e habits,the sam e wee k-end s and even
the sam e yea rs in y ea rs ou t.Ithink it is bo ring. W hatwill they tell theirchildren abou t
theirlives? W hatkind of con tribu tion will they m ake forthe society? Ithink such p eop le
are justafraid o fchang es.
Ithink curiosity and aspiration to the new
exp erience are two o fthe m ain rea son s of hu m an evo lution. Peop le always wanted to
brea k limit s and g ain m ore kno wledg e and exp erience .So, p eop le who enjoy change
are the eng ine ofhu m an d evelop m ent.
(314 words)
Sam ple 88
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Business es should do a nything they can to m ake a profit.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo urposition.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ido no tagree with the statem entthat bu siness es shou ld do any thing they ca n to m ake
a profit.Istate m y op inion on the following po ints.
Firstofall,every com pany m usthave its m oralcod e.Itm ea ns thata com pany shou ld
trea tits clients prop erly and respec ttheirrigh ts.O fca use a com pany
m ay lose a partofits profit bu tsec urity of its clients m ustbe on the firstplace .
O therwise,clients will switch to ano thercom pany and n everbe bac k. Forinstance ,a few
yea rs ago "Jon son &Jon son" p rodu ce d a new typ e ofpaink ill ers.
Unfortun ately, this produ ctwas no ttested p rop erly. As a result ofthis m any p eop le d ied
and rece ived injures.The presidentof the com pany m ade a crucialdec ision to ca ll bac k

all paink ill ers from all d istribu tors and p ay to all injured custom ers fortheirtrea tm ent.It
costa lot o fm on ey forthe com pany bu tit saved its im age and clients.Itwas a very
difficult d ec ision, bu tthe presidentofthe com pany und erstood thatit wou ld costhim
even
m ore in the future beca use he wou ld no tbe able to return clients'respec t.Loo sing
custom ers m ea ns fora com pany loo sing
its profit.
Sec ond o fall,in o rderto succee d in the m od ern world com panies have to com pete with
eac h o ther.M any com panies lose theirprofit dec rea sing p rice s on their p rodu cts.They
do no taspire forextra
profit bu tforclients'satisfac tion. Com panies do it beca use they wanttheir p rodu cts
sold and theircustom ers satisfied. They o fferdiscoun ts,free
delivery, free service ,free Internetacce ss , good return service ,etc.All these are done
to m ake theirold custom ers happy and attrac tnew clients.
To sum up, Ithink a com pany, which the on ly go alis profit will no tsuccee d no wadays.
O therwise,com panies thatrespec ttheirclients and wantto see them satisfied will
m ake a fortun e.
(311 words)
Sam ple 89
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Business es should hire em ploy ee s for theirentire lives.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Iwou ld h ave to com pletely d isagree with the statem entabov e.In the following
paragraph s Iwill ou tli ne the basic con ce pts ofm y po siti on.
Firstofall,Iwill lea stthe m ajor d isadv antages forem ploy ers.O n the tod ay's m arketa
com pany m ustbe very flexible in o rderto com pete with o ther
firm s.So, im agine the situation when a com pany ca n no tfire its em ploy ee s to stay on
the m arket.Itwill lea d to loo sing not on ly a profit, bu tthe clients,m arketshare and
com petiti ve abilit y. Now,im agine the situation when a com pany is growing fast,
everything is good and the nextfew yea rs are go ing to b e exce llent.So, em ploy ers n ee d
m ore peop le to extend the
produ ction. However, nobody ca n tell whatwill happ en in a few yea rs.In this ca se,
em ploy ers will be afraid to h ire new

peop le and extend theirbu siness beca use they will no tbe able to fire them if
som ething go es wrong. Ano therim po rtant aspec tofthis is thata com pany ca n not h ave
the bestem ploy ee s.Itca n no thire
the betteron e withou tdismi ss ing ano therem ploy ee .
W hatkind o fdisadv antages will have an
em ploy ee in exchang e forthis kind o fjob sec urity? Firstofall,it will be very d ifficult to
find a job ifon e is no tthe best, b eca use an em ploy erdo es no twantto spend m on ey on
on e's edu ca tion. Besides,em ploy erwill no thave a chance to fire
on e ifhe do es no tdo h is job well.Sec ond o fall,em ploy ee s with this kind o fsec urity
tend no tto p erfec tthem selves beca use
afterthey are hired they ca n no tlose theirjob.
In con clusion, Iwou ld like to add thatthis statem enthas som e po siti ve aspec ts too
such as con stancy, a strong spirit ofthe com pany, etc.This system takes place in
Japan and som e com panies succee ded in
it.ButIthink thatthe rea son o fit sub sists in the Japanese traditi on s,the particular
culturalfea tures, h abits and custom s.However, on tod ay's m arkethere in the
United States a com pany ca n no tafford to h ire em ploy ee s fortheirentire life.
(349 words)
Sam ple 90
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Sh ould a city try to pre ser ve its old,historic bu ildings ordestroy them and
re place them w ith m oder n bu ildings? Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to
supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Som e peop le think thatold, h istoric bu ilding s are no n ee d forthe city and they shou ld
be destroy ed and replace d with m od ern on es.However, o therpeop le b elieve that
historic bu ilding s m ustbe p reserved in o rderto kno w and rem em ber ou rpast.For
severalrea son s thatIwillm ention b ellow Iagree with tho se peop le who wantto
preserve old, h istorica l bu ilding s.
Firstofall, by p reserving h istorica l bu ilding s we pass ou rhistory to ou rfuture
generation s.Ithink thatou tchildren shou ld kno w theirhistory, lea rn from itand respec t
it.Peop le nee d to kno w their
traditi on s and custom s,which are price less and irr eplacea ble.O urhistory is our
kno wledg e and po wer.From m y op inion
we nee d to p reserve and restore historica l bu ilding s.By d estroy ing them we show ou r
disrespec tto ou rforefathers and theirtraditi on s.
Sec ond o fall, by p reserving h istorica l bu ilding s a city ca n attrac tm any travelers.
We lcomi ng tou rists a city ca n g etm any b enefits includ ing m on ey, which ca n be spenton
preserving h istorica lbu ilding s as well as on im prov ing roads and fac iliti es.Also, m any

tou rists m ea n a lotofnew bu siness oppo rtun iti es.Ano therim po rtant aspec tofthis is
thatbu siness m en will be willi ng to bu ild n ew rec rea tion alce nters, ho tels,m ov ie
thea ters,shopp ing ce nters to m ake a city m ore attrac tive fortravelers.
In add iti on to tho se prac tica lbenefits,m any p eop le will have the oppo rtun ity to g eta
job. All this is good forthe ec ono m y o fthe city.
To sum up, Ibelieve thatpreserving o ld, historica lbu ilding s ca n b ring on ly b enefits to a
city and all hu m ank ind.
(259 words)
Sam ple 91
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
The gov er nm enthas ann oun ce d thatitplans to bu ild a new un iver sity.
Som e people think thatyo urcomm un ity w ould be a goo d place to locate the
un iver sity.
Com pare the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofestablishing a new
un iver sity in yo urcomm un ity.
Use spec ific details in yo urdiscuss ion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ithink it is a grea tidea to bu ild a new un iversity in m y comm un ity. However, I think it is
a con trov ersialqu estion whetherthe bu ilding o fa new un iversity will bring on ly b enefits
to ou rcomm un ity. In this ess ay Iwill analyze adv antages and d isadv antages ofthis
iss ue and p resentm y v iew in favo rofestablishing a new un iversity in m y comm un ity.
From the on e side,establishing a new un iversity in m y comm un ity b ring s m any b enefits.
Firstofall,a new con struction m ea ns m ore job oppo rtun iti es.Ithink itwou ld b e good for
m y comm un ity b eca use
m any p eop le have to spend m uch tim e d riving to theirwork d ay in and d ay out b eca use
they cou ld no tfind a job in our n eighbo rhood. Sec ond o fall,a new un iversity is a good
chance to m ee tnew p eop le and Ilike this oppo rtun ity. M any stud ents will live in ou r
comm un ity. Finally, ifa new un iversity is bu ilt in m y comm un ity there is a big chance
thatIwill b e willi ng to enroll in it.Ithink it is grea t b eca use it is no tfarfrom m y p lace
and I
do no thave to m ov e to ano therpartofthe city. Ano therim po rtantaspec tofthis is that
peop le from m y comm un ity will have a chance to u se new libraries and fac iliti es o fa
new un iversity. Forexam ple som e p eop le ca n take cou rses and class es there.From the
otherside, bu ilding a new un iversity ca n b ring som e disadv antages.A new con struction
m ea ns no ise,traffic

jam s and d ifferentkind s ofpo llution. In add iti on to these disadv antages,m any young
peop le in ou rcomm un ity ca n ca use m ore no ise espec ially in the evening s.
To sum up, Ithink thatIwou ld suppo rtthe d ec ision o fthe gov ernm entofestablishing a
new un iversity in m y comm un ity d espite a few disadv antages thatcou ld follow this
con struction. Ibelieve thata new un iversity will increa se a chance ofm any young
peop le to g eta high eredu ca tion, g ain m ore kno wledg e and exp erience ,which will help
them to succee d in tod ay’s world.
(341 words)
Sam ple 92
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
A com pany has ann oun ce d thatitw ishes to bu ild a large factory nearyo ur
comm un ity.
Discuss the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofthis new influence on yo ur
comm un ity.
Do yo u supp ortoropp ose the factory? Explain yo urposition.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Iam from Saint-Petersbu rg, Russ ia. I b elieve thatbu ilding a large fac tory n ea rm y
comm un ity h as adv antages as well as
disadv antages.In the following p aragraphs
Iwill listbasic benefits and loss es thatwill be brough tby a new fac tory.
Forseveralrea son s,Ithink thata new fac tory will no tbe a good add iti on to m y
neighbo rhood. Firstofall,fac tories often b ring po llution. They are pron e to
con tami nating the loca lairand water.Sec ond o fall,fac tories m ake no ise.Ano ther
im po rtantaspec tofbu ilding a
new fac tory n ea rby is thatit will m ake the loca ltraffic hea vy. As a result ofthis,the
am oun toftraffic cong estion s will
increa se,as well as con tami nation o fthe air.So, all these obv iou sly will no tm ake
on e's life happ ierand h ea lthierin m y comm un ity.
From the otherside,Ibelieve thata new fac tory will bring som e adv antages to m y
comm un ity. Firstofall,it will bring n ew
job oppo rtun iti es.M any spec ialists will be requ ired to work there.Sec ond o fall, I think
m any loca lcomm un ity fac iliti es will h ave to b e renov ated to ob tain reliable supp ly o f
waterand elec tricity. So, som e o ld p ipes m ay b e chang ed. Ano therim po rtantbenefit of
this is thatthe loca lroads in o rderto m anage the increa sing traffic will be rebu ilt and

widened. However,Ido no tthink thatlisted above b enefits are worth all these troub les
includ ing watercon tami nation and the con stantpo llution o fair.From m y po intof v iew all
fac tories m ustbe bu ilt farfrom
the peop le comm un iti es beca use they ca n b e rea lly h arm fulforpeop le's hea lth.
(266 words)
Sam ple 93
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Ithas rece ntly bee n ann oun ce d thata new m ov ie theater m ay be bu iltin yo ur
neighb orhoo d.
Do yo u supp ortoropp ose this plan? W hy?
Use spec ific re asons and details to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ilive in a sm all comm un ity. From m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation Ica n say
thatthe idea abou tbu ilding a new
thea tre in m y n eighbo rhood h as som e adv antages as well as disadv antages.In this
ess ay Iwill firstfocus on the rea sons why Isuppo rtthis idea and then m ov e on to
analyzing why Ioppo se it.
Firstofall,Ilike m ov ies and m y hu sband and Isom etim es go to the m ov ie thea tre to
watch p remi eres.Unfortun ately, it is tim e-con sumi ng forus.We have to d rive about
50 mi nu tes to the nea restm ov ies thea tre.So, the idea ofhaving a m ov ie thea tre in ou r
neighbo rhood see m s very attrac tive.Itwou ld save us an hou rjustto g etthere and
ano therhou rto g etbac k ho m e.Ano therim po rtantaspec tofit is thatin this ca se
we will be able to g etto the m ov ie thea tre by foo t.Im ustto con fess thatwe always
have parking troub les in the parking spac e n ea rthe m ov ie thea tre.
Sec ond o fall, n ew m ov ie thea tre is a very
good p lace forstud ents who wantto ea rn som e m on ey. M y hu sband and Ilive nea ra
stud entcomm un ity, so Ithink it wou ld be
a grea tnews forthem .In add iti on to this p rac tica lbenefit stud ents will be able to watch
all m ov ies free ofcharge.Isuppo se it is a grea tway to save som e m on ey. Finally, there
are usually m any restaurants and entertaining ce nters around a m ov ie thea tre.There
peop le ca n h ave dinn eror p lay g am e m ac hines.
In con trast,Ithink thatthe bu ilding o fa n ew m ov ie thea tre will destroy the silence and
bea uty o fou tcomm un ity. Such entertaining ce nters are often no isy. M oreov er,traffic
jam s will prob ably be the result ofit.
In con clusion, Ithink thatifthe qu estion was abou tbu ilding a new m ov ie thea tre in the
nextneighbo rhood Iwou ld com pletely
agree .

(316 words)
Sam ple 94
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent? People should re ad o nly
those boo ks thatare aboutre al events,re alpeople, a nd established
facts.
Use spec ific re asons and details to supp ortyo uropinion.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Som e peop le think thatfiction book s have no u se atall.They claim thatpeop le shou ld
rea d abou trea levents thattook p lace ,rea lpeop le,and established fac ts. I h ave to
totally d isagree with this statem ent.From m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation I
ca n stand thatfiction, mi rac les and fairy tails are requ ired in our life.Forseveral
rea son s,which Iwill
m ention b elow,Ibelieve thatfiction books p lay an ess entialrole in ou rlife.
Firstofall,it is kind o fdifficult to im agine a six y ea rold child rea ding about po liti cs or
history with the rea lfac ts thatare no talways plea sant.Ithink thatchildren n ee d
mi rac les and Santa Claus b eca use the rea lworld is too com plica ted forthem .They are
too inno ce ntand
inexp erience d to kno w the rea lfac ts and und erstand whata rea llife is abou t.In
add iti on, Iam sure thatm aking a child rea d on ly non -fiction book s ca n result in
sho ck.
Sec ond o fall,following this statem ent abou trefusing from rea ding book s about fiction
events we also shou ld refuse from festivals, p arades,and ce lebration such ho lidays as
Hallowee n b eca use m ostofthe charac ters there are fiction al.M oreov er,comi c book s
will disapp ea ras well as anim ated film s and fiction m ov ies.The d isadv antage ofnon -
fiction lies in the
fac ts thatno thing h app ens to excite the mi nd and spirit.From the otherside,fiction
prov ides a grea tslop e fora mi nd to think crea tively.
In con clusion, Ithink thatpeop le nee d mi rac les.We ca n no tbe satisfied with
on ly n aked truth. Hum an k ind m ust b elieve in som ething and this beliefhelps p eop le
brea k limit s and m ake new inv ention s.
(273 words)
Sam ple 95
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.

Ithas bee n said, “ Notever ything thatis learned is contained in boo ks.” Com pare
and contrastkn ow ledge ga ined from exper ience w ith kn ow ledge ga ined from
boo ks.
In yo uropinion,w hich source is m ore im portant? W hy?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Peop le are lea rning and p rac ticing through theirentire life.Ibelieve thatlife exp erience
and p rac tice are the basic rea son s ofthe hu m ank ind 's evo lution. However,in m y
op inion, kno wledge
gained from book s plays a very im po rtant role in the m od ern life.
The m ostobv iou sly im po rtantadv antage o fbook s is thatthey ho ld all kno wledge g ained
by p reviou s generation s.Peop le write book s abou ttheirdiscov eries and inv ention s,
which are gained through p rac tice and exp erience .This kno wledg e is acc um ulated in
book s thatare pass ed from
generation to g eneration. So, b asica lly, p eop le getall kno wledg e abou tthe p reviou s
ac hievem ents from book s,analyze it and than, acc ording to theirexp erience and n ew
data,write new book s.In this ca se, book s are the ho lders of hu m ank ind 's exp erience .
Forexam ple,atold tim es peop le thought thatthe Earth was flat.Itwas con clud ed from
ob servation s and studdy ing. However,the nextgeneration s, u sing the exp erience of
theirance stors, p rov ed thatthe Earth was round.
Person ally, Ithink thatbook s are very im po rtantbeca use they are able to g ive p eop le
the basic and fund am ental kno wledg e.Book s store history, the im po rtantevents and
discov eries.W ithout them it is difficult and som etim es im po ss ible to m ov e forward,
m ake new
discov eries and inv ention s.
To summ arize ,Ithink a person shou ld take basic kno wledg e from book s beca use it will
help h im to m ake his own inv ention s,con clusion s and d iscov eries.O nly u sing bo th
book s and on e’s exp erience on e ca n m ov e forward.
(237 words)
Sam ple 96
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
M any parts ofthe w orld are losing im portantnaturalre source s,such as
fore sts, a nim als, o rclean w ater .Choo se one re source thatis
disapp earing a nd explain w hy itnee ds to
be sav ed.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uropinion.

You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
As hu m an's popu lation is dram atica lly rising every y ea r, p eop le's requ irem ents are
increa sing too. We nee d m ore food,
m ore fresh water,m ore place s to live.As a result ofthis m any p arts ofthe world are
losing ess entialand som etim es irreplacea ble resou rce s,such as forest,anim als, o r
fresh water.In this ess ay Iwillfocus on the threa tofdisapp ea ring m any wild anim als.
The rea son why Ithink thatanim als shou ld b e preserved is thatall living crea tures on
this planetare conn ec ted with eac h o ther.So, the disapp ea rance ofon ly on e spec ies
ca n ca use dram atic chang es in the planetand even d ea th o fm any o therliving
crea tures.Forexam ple,the d isapp ea rance ofbats will ca use the huge increa sing o f
insec tpopu lation and this will reflec ton all anim als and p lants.Ano therexam ple is that
ifthe popu lation o fbats increa ses,the popu lation o finsec ts will dec rea se sign ifica ntly,
and this willca use the disapp ea rance ofm any p lants b eca use insec ts are the m ain
po lli nators.So, Ithink it is very im po rtantto p reserve all spec ies on ou rplanetand live
in h arm ony with ou renv iron m ent.
Ano therim po rtantrea son why Ithink thatanim als shou ld b e saved is thatI,
person ally, do no twantm y child to lea rn abou tdifferentanim als from book s and no t
be able to see them alive.Ithink it is sham efulforhu m ank ind to exp lain our children
thatwe are the rea son why tho se anim als disapp ea red.
In con clusion, Iwou ld like to say thatthe iss ue abou tlosing im po rtantnaturalresou rce s
is top ica land op en fordebate no wadays.Ibelieve thattog etherpeop le ca n m ake a
difference .From m y po intof v iew,the firstprob lem we shou ld find a solution foris
hu m an's ov erpopu lation. As Im ention ed abov e peop le's dem and s are g rowing and this
m ea ns we con sum e m ore and m ore naturalresou rce s.The sec ond qu estion, which is on
the listofm ostim po rtantiss ues,is po llution includ ing the airpo llution, waterpo llution,
etc.
(325 words)
Sam ple 97
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people think thathu m an nee ds for farm land ,housing, a nd indu stry a re m ore
im portantthan sav ing land for end angere d anim als.Do yo u ag ree or disag ree w ith
this pointofview ? W hy or w hy not?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:

As hu m an popu lation is sign ifica ntly rising every y ea r, p eop le's requ irem ents are
increa sing too. We nee d m ore food, m ore m ac hines,m ore place to live.As a result of
this peop le nee d m ore land to satisfy theirrequ irem ents.We culti vate and irrigate m ore
and m ore land to p lant v egetables,bu ild n ew bu ilding s,airpo rts,roads,etc.Ithink
som etim es we forgetthatwe are no talon e on this planet.Ihave to d isagree with tho se
peop le who think thathu m an n ee ds are m ore im po rtantthan
saving land forend ang ered anim als.Ibase m y op inion on the following po ints.
Firstofall,as Ialrea dy m ention ed, we are no talon e on this planet.A few ce nturies ago
we were the partofwild n ature. I
think we nee d to rem em berthis fac tand
respec tall crea tures around u s.
Sec ond o fall,Ibelieve thatwe all nee d to think o fthe prob lem ofov erpopu lation. The
hu m an popu lation is dram atica lly increa sing and we have to do som ething abou tit.
From m y op inion, every famil y shou ld h ave no m ore than two children. Itwill help to
stop the growth o fpopu lation, d ec rea se hu m an n ee ds forfarml and, hou sing and
indu stry.
In con clusion, Ithink it is a very top ica l qu estion no wadays.M y po intis thatall
peop le shou ld answerthis qu estion and find the solution.
(218 words)
Sam ple 98
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.
Som e people believe thatthe bestw ay of learning a boutlife is by listening to the
advice offam ily a nd friend s.O therpeople believe thatthe bestw ay of learning
aboutlife is through per sonal exper ience .Com pare the adva ntag es of these tw o
diff ere ntw ay s oflearning a boutlife. W hich do yo u think is pre fer able?
Use spec ific exa m ples to supp ortyo urpre fere nce .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
From m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation Ica n stand thatthe bestway o f
lea rning abou tlife is through p erson alexp erience .However,som e peop le think thatit
is wiserto lea rn abou tlife through listening to the adv ice offamil y and
friend s.Itdo es no tm ea n Itotally d isagree with this way o flea rning. M oreov er, I think
thatit is wise fora person to take an interm ediate po siti on b eca use eac h of
these ways has its own adv antages.Bellow Iwill give m y rea son s to suppo rtm y po int o f
view.

From the on e side,lea rning through on e's p erson alexp erience bring s m any b enefits.
Firstofall,scientists say thatperson alexp erience has grea terim pac ton a person. I
have to agree with this.Take forexam ple children. They will no tbelieve their
parents thatsom ething ca n hu rtthem un til
they try it and m ake sure in it.Furtherm ore,m ostlikely they willrem em berthis
exp erience long er.Sec ond o fall, p eop le lea rn ho w to analyze theirmi stakes,m ake
con clusion s and n exttim e try to avo id them .So, Ithink it is a grea texp erience that
m akes peop le strong er,m ore self-con fidentand p ersistent.They g ain m ore kno wledg e
and exp erience thatwill be very h elpfuland v aluable in the future.
From the otherside,listening to the adv ice o ffamil y and friend s bring s m any b enefits
too. Parents with g rea tpatience pass do wn theirkno wledg e and exp erience to their
children. They teac h them all they know and they wanttheirchildren do no tm ake the
sam e mi stakes.In add iti on to tho se p rac tica lbenefits,lea rning from
som eon e's adv ice is painless .Forexam ple, p arents no wadays very o ften talk to their
children abou tdrug s.Ithink it is a grea texam ple when on e shou ld no ttry d rug s in o rder
to g ain n ew exp erience .Ithink it is a ca se when children m usttrusttheir
parents.
To sum up, Ithink it is wise to com bine bo th o fthese ways to lea rn and try to analyze
person almi stakes as well as not p erson al.Ithink tog etherthey ca n g rea tly sim plify
on e's life and m ake the way to succe ss sho rter.
(350 words)
Sam ple 99
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people like to do o nly w hatthey a lre ady do w ell.
O ther people pre fer to try new things a nd take risks. W hich do yo u pre fer ? Use
spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo urchoice .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Form m y everyd ay exp erience and ob servation Ithink thatall peop le who succee ded in
life had to work h ard and g ain m ore kno wledg e and exp erience in o rderto reac h their
go als.From the other h and, p eop le who all theirlife do things they alrea dy do well and
do no tim prove
theirkno wledg e do no tm ov e forward. I b ase m y statem enton the following po ints.First
ofall, p eop le who wantto succee d m ustcon stantly im prov e theirkno wledge and g ain
m ore exp erience .M oreov er,they m ustbe the bestattheirprofess ion. So, they n ee d to
try n ew thing s,take risks som etim es and work h ard.

Sec ond o fall,it is im po ss ible to live withou ttrying n ew thing s.Im agine one wants to
lea rn ho w to d rive.He will never b e able to do it withou tlea rning n ew thing s such as
driving rules.
Person ally, Ithink thatit is very interesting to lea rn n ew,to g ain m ore exp erience ,to
m ake new go als and reac h them .Life is too sho rtto stay on one p lace .Peop le nee d
chang es beca use they
m ake ou rlives m ore bea utifuland exiti ng. We find ou tnew thing s,lea rn n ew things
and d rea m to kno w otherthing s.Peop le n ee d challeng es beca use while ov ercomi ng
ob stac les we m ake new discov eries, b ec om e strong er, p erfec tou rselves and m ov e
forward.
To sum up, Ibelieve thatpeop le's aspiration forlea rning n ew thing s is the m ain
rea son the way we live no w.Peop le m ake m any d iscov eries and inv entions thatm ake
ou rlives ea sier, h app ierand long er.
(249 words)
Sam ple 10 0
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people say thatadver tising
encourag es us to bu y things w e re ally do notnee d.O ther s say that
adver tisem ents tell us aboutnew produ cts thatm ay im prov e ourlives. W hich
view pointdo yo u ag ree w ith? Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ort
yo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Ithink thateveryon e ca n d ivide alladv ertising p rodu cts and service s into u seless on es
and u sefulon es.Itis like look ing through an inform ation d esk when you p ay attention to
tho se m ess ages thatinterestyou. Take m e forexam ple.
Ido no tlike jewelry. Itdo es no tm ea n Ido no thave it atall,Ihave a coup le of
inexp ensive ring s as gifts from m y
parents.Ijustthink, p eop le pay too m uch attention to this stuff.Ibelieve it is the result
ofm ass adv ertising. Every d ay when Iam watching TV,listening to the radio or rea ding
the paperIno tice m any ads about g etti ng an exp ensive ring, chain, n ec klac e o rea r-
ring s.From m y po intofview these k ind s ofadv ertising con tami nate peop le's mi nd s.In
this ca se you are encou raged to buy thing s you do no trea lly n ee d. They m ake you
believe you n ee d such p rodu cts in o rderto succee d o rbe happy.

From the otherside,Ithink thatadv ertisem ents ofthe new detergents with up -to-date
form ulas to h elp you m aintain you rcloth in p erfec tcond iti on s,the new ca rs with som e
extra futures thatm ake
you rtraveling m ore com fortable and spo rts good s thatm ake you rlife hea lthierm ay h elp
you to im prov e you rlife.Rece ntly m y hu sband and Isaw an ad on the Internetabou ta
very interesting and inexp ensive vo ca tion to Japan fora wee k. Is no tit awesom e? We
like traveling. So no w we are plann ing to find ou tm ore abou tit and, m ay b e,m ake
reservation s. I b elieve thatwithou tadv ertisem ents we wou ld b e un aware abou tplenty of
oppo tun iti es thatm ay m ake you rlife h app ier,ea sierand less stress ful.
M y po intis thatevery p erson h as his own sca le ofvalues.So ifhe is vegetarian he will
con sideran ad abou tm ea tprodu cts u seless forhim .
(305 words)
Sam ple 10 1
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Adver tising can tell yo u a lotabouta coun try.
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Every coun try h as its own culture and traditi on s.There is no doub tthatan
adv ertising ca m paign condu cted in Russ ia will no thave the sam e affec there in the
United States.Letus take forexam ple adv ertisem entoffood and restaurants.
A hug e am oun toffastfood stand s sugg esttheirservice s forbrea kfast,lun ch, d inn er
and supp erhere in Hou ston. The com petiti on is very strong. Every wee k you g etin you r
m ail-box an env elop e with d ifferenttyp es ofdiscoun ts in exchange forvisiti ng them or
ordering p izza .Wa tching TV you are also from tim e to tim e inv ited to v isit a restaurant
in o rder
to taste som e deliciou s food. Itis not b eca use it is ea sy to m ake m on ey cook ing bu t
beca use the dem and forsuch service is h igh. Firstofall, p eop le like to go out
som etim es to h ave dinn erwith friend s.Sec ond o fall,it is often im po ss ible to d rive
ho m e forlun ch. Itca n b e tim e
con sumi ng.
As forRuss ia,it is a grea ttraditi on to h ave d inn eratho m e with the famil y and go to the
restaurantforbig ho lidays.
Add iti on ally fastfood is no tpopu larin Russ ia.So you will see adv ertisem ents of
yogu rts,coffee , d airy p rodu cts and juice instea d o frestaurants and fastfood stand s.In
con clusion Iwou ld like to add thatin o rderto succee d in adv ertising ca m paign

espec ially on the internation alm arketcom pany m ustkno w traditi on s,langu age and
history o fthe coun try.
(239 words)
Sam ple 10 2
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people pre fer to plan activities for theirfree tim e ver y care fully. O ther s
choo se notto m ake any plans atall for theirfree tim e.Com pare the benefits of
plann ing free -tim e activities w ith the benefits ofnotm aking plans.
W hich do yo u pre fer -plann ing o rnot plann ing foryo urleisure tim e?
Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to explain yo urchoice .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Nowadays peop le have so m any thing s to do thatthey alm ostalways do no thave
enough tim e forit.W hen we go to b ed we
ca refully think and p lan ou rnextday and it con tinu es day in and d ay ou t.We wake up,
rec ollec tou rchec klistwith thing s to do and in a few mi nu tes we are alrea dy in a ca ron
ou rway to the office .O ften p eop le do no thave tim e forthem selves.So, when p eop le
have som e spare tim e they wantto u se it wisely. Som e peop le p referto p lan ac tiviti es
fortheirfree tim e v ery ca refully. However, o thers prefernot to m ake any p lans.In this
ess ay Iwill
analyze bo th ca ses and p resentm y v iew in favo rofplann ing free -tim e ac tiviti es.From
the on e side, no tm aking any p lans and justletti ng the tim e pass by forsom e tim e have
som e benefits.Firstofall, a p erson ca n justrelax, enjoy the bea utiful m om ents,spend
his orhertim e with lov ed on es,watch a m ov ie,listen to relaxing m usic, ob serve the
flowers in b loo m from
the windo w,con tem plate abou this orherlife and justslow do wn the pace oflife. I
think it is a very good way to elimi nate on e's stress and tension and justlea ve all
troub les and worr ies behind.
From the otherside,ca refulplann ing ca n b ring m any b enefits too. Firstofall, one ca n
travel.However,traveling requ ires som e plann ing to b e m ade.Forexam ple, on e m ost
likely will nee d a ho telroo m .So, the reservation shou ld b e m ade
beforehand. Also, it is wise to chec k on e's ca rto avo id b rea kdo wns and h ave an
un interr up ted worr y-free trip. Sec ond of all, p lann ing on e's ac tiviti es allows to spend
on e's free tim e the way h e/she likes.Forinstance ,ifIwantto p lay tenn is on incomi ng
wee k-end Iwill ce rtainly m ake a reservation fora cou rtbeca use in this ca se Iwill no tbe
disappo inted with the waste

ofm y tim e.Person ally, Ipreferto m ake p lans form y free tim e beca use it allows m e to
spend m y v aca tion o rwee k-end s the way Iwantit.
To sum up, Ithink ca refulplann ing allows p eop le to d erive m axim um benefits from their
free tim e.However,Im ustcon fess som etim es Iallow m y selfjustto stay at ho m e with
m y friend s and famil y and not m ake any p lans.
(394 words)
Sam ple 10 3
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
The 21 stce ntury has begun . W hat changes do yo u think this new ce ntury
w ill bring?
Use exa m ples and details in yo ur a nsw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
M an, through the ages, h as und ergone m any chang es from the tim e when he d epicted a
herd o fm amm oths on the walls o fhis ca ve to these days when h e ca n crea te bea utiful
pictures and even m ake coffee by u se ofcom pu tertec hno log ies withou tlea ving h is
favo rite chair.The
20 th ce ntury m ade hug e steps in d evelop ing com pu tertec hno log ies and reac hed
m any go als thatm ade ou rlife
m uch ea sier.W hatshou ld we exp ec tin the
21 stce ntury?
Firstofall,Ithink thatthe pace ofou rlife will spee d up :we will m ov e fasterfrom on e
place to ano ther,from on e con tinentto ano therusing h igh spee d jetairplanes.Sec ond
ofall,Ibelieve thatwe will be
able to do m any thing s thattake m uch tim e no w withou tlea ving ou rhou se.Com pu ters
will be everywhere includ ing ou tclothes.M any p eop le will have chips and mi ni
com pu ters inserted in theirhea ds to ho ld hug e am oun tofinform ation and h ave a qu ick
acce ss to it.
Butwhatwill be the m ostam az ing thing in the 21 stce ntury is the fligh ts to the
ou terspace and M ars thatwill be available to all peop le.Scientists say thatM ars has
m any thing s simil arto the Earth's.M oreov er,they say thatwith the help of
m od ern tec hno logy p eop le ca n artificially crea te cond iti on s thatwill allow peop le to live
there on the con stantbasis.
To sum up, Iam sure thatm any am az ing chang es will be brough tby the 21 stce ntury.
Furtherm ore,Ithink thatwith the h elp o fthe con tem po rary tec hno log ies p eop le ca n do
m any thing s thatwere even difficult to im agine a ce ntury ago. So, no wadays it is rather

difficult and even im po ss ible to im agine all chang es thatwill h app en in the next
deca des.
(290 words)
Sam ple 10 4
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
All edu cation,prim ary, sec ond ary a nd further edu cation,should be free to a ll
people and paid forby the gov er nm ent.Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith this
statem ent?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Differentcoun tries have different edu ca tion system s.Idon ‛tkno w all the edu ca tion
system s in the world bu tall the on es Ido kno w abou thave free school edu ca tion at
prim ary and sec ond ary level.Ice rtainly agree with the statem entthatthis shou ld b e the
ca se.Ibelieve un iversity edu ca tion is different.
No m atterwhatstand ard o fincom e som eon e has orwhatsociety som eone com es
from ,everyon e shou ld h ave the oppo rtun ity to h ave a good stand ard of edu ca tion. This
is no talways what h app ens bu tit is whatshou ld h app en. Private schoo ls ca n b e
available fortho se who wantand ca n afford it bu tthe free schoo ls shou ld always be
there.This is ce rtainly on e ofthe bestattribu tes of western d em ocrac y and all coun tries
itsee m s strive to attain situation although som e have prob lem s du e to the ec ono mi c
and po liti ca lsituation s in theircoun tries.G ov ernm ents shou ld m ake sure thatalltheir
citi ze ns have acce ss to a good stand ard o ffree edu ca tion atprim ary and sec ond ary
level.
Furtheredu ca tion is different.In an idea lworld this shou ld b e free bu tgov ernm ents
have a lotofdem and s on theirm on ey. I think thatstud ents shou ld h ave to p ay, m ayb e
no tall, bu tatlea sta con tribu tion towards theirtuiti on fee s.They will be able to ea rn it
bac k on ce they h ave g radu ated. The UK has this system wherea s in the US stud ents
have to p ay alltheirhigh tuiti on fee s which ca n run into the tens ofthou sand s ofdo llars
ov era fullcou rse.Iam no tsure ifIagree with this bu tit ce rtainly wou ld m ake sure that
stud ents m ake the bestofefforts to p ass or all theirm on ey wou ld b e wasted.
Therefore Icon clud e thatprim ary and sec ond ary edu ca tion shou ld b e free ly available
forall ifpo ss ible bu tthatfurtheredu ca tion shou ld no tnece ss arily b e who lly free .
(309 words)
Sam ple 10 5
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.

Trade and trav elw ould be a loteasierw ith a single, g lobalcurre ncy thatw e all
use.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith this statem ent? Wo uld a single curre ncy
cause any problem s?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Itis clea rto m e thatthe idea ofa sing le g lob alcurr ency is an exce llentidea lto
work towards.There ca n b e no doub tthattrade and travelwou ld b e vastly ea sier.O n the
otherhand Ibelieve thatit wou ld ca use p rob lem s tod ay.
The benefits ofa sing le curr ency ca n be see n with the use in Europ e ofthe Euro.
W heneveryou are travelli ng b etwee n coun tries using the Euro, the prob lem s of
currency chang ing and exchang e rates are h istory. Simil arly bu siness betwee n
coun tries using the Euros is so m uch ea sier;no m ore worr ying abou texchange rate
risk and p ricing. Everyon e‛s m on ey is the sam e.The sam e thing is true with the US
do llar.M ostcoun tries do no tuse the US do llarbu tit is acce pted in m any
place s.There are m any coun tries thatyou ca n travelto and justtake US do llars to
use.
Atpresentthough a glob alcurr ency wou ld
be im po ss ible.Firstly m ostcoun tries wou ld no tacce ptthe idea .Sec ond ly allcoun tries
are in d ifferentec ono mi c states.Som e are ec ono mi ca lly v ery strong and som e are in a
state ofcollapse with inflation ruining the ec ono m y. Such coun tries cou ld no tbe brough t
into a world curr ency as it wou ld ca use m ass ive financialinstabilit y worldwide.So it is
clea rthata glob alcurrency wou ld ind ee d ca use som e seriou s prob lem s.
So, in con clusion Isee a glob alcurrency as a future idea lbu tit will no thapp en in m y
lifetim e.Itwou ld m ake trade and travelm uch ea sierbu tthe prob lem s itwou ld ca use
no wadays wou ld be insurm oun table.
(259 words)
Sam ple 10 6
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
The w ealth ga p betw ee n 1stw orld coun tries and 3rd w orld coun tries see m s to be
incre asing. H ow can w e re du ce this ga p? Do yo u think thatdeveloped coun tries
hav e a du ty to a ss istdeveloping coun tries in ever y w ay?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.

m od elanswer:
Every d ay the rich coun tries in the world
getricherand the poo rcoun tries get poo rer.Can we redu ce this gap? O fcou rse we ca n.
The qu estion is whetherthe peop le in po werwantto do it?
Redu cing the wea lth g ap ca n b e ac hieved by ca nce lli ng third world d ebt,ca nce lli ng
trade and farmi ng sub sidies so thatthird world coun tries ca n com pete, g etti ng rid o f
third world corrup tion and inv esting
and bu ilding in third world coun tries using loca lpeop le and skill s and allowing them
ownership o fbu siness es.There are otherthing s as well.Unfortun ately there is no p rofit
in bu siness forfirstworld coun tries to do these thing s.Som e will do them but m ostwill
no t.The ordinary m an on the stree twants thing s to b e betterforpoo rercoun tries and
the po liti cians say thatthey will help bu tthe po liti cians will in the end do whatbu siness
tells them to do.
Politi cians also righ tly fee lthey h ave a du ty to p rotec ttheirown coun tries and k ee ping
ec ono mi ca lly do mi nantis partof this du ty. Crea ting effec tive com petiti on fortheirown
coun try‛s bu siness es is not p artofwhatthey are exp ec ted to do.
This then lea ds on to whetherIbelieve thatdevelop ed coun tries have a du ty to h elp the
develop ing coun tries.Yes,Ido. As an ind ividu alIbelieve thatwe have a du ty to ass ist
the poo rercoun tries with theirdevelop m entin all aspec ts.We ca n p rov ide teac hers
and edu ca tion and do ctors on the sm all sca le and on the largersca le the thing s thatI
have talked abou tin the previou s paragraph. Can we do this? Yes.W ill we do this? See
the p reviou s paragraph again.
In con clusion you ca n see thatIbelieve thatthere is a split betwee n whatwou ld
happ en in a perfec tworld and whatac tually h app ens.We have a du ty to redu ce the
wea lth g ap b etwee n d evelop ed
and d evelop ing coun tries and we ca n do it, bu tit is un likely thatthis will happ en qu ickly.
(329 words)
Sam ple 10 7
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Ever y day traff ic see m s to g etw orse on o urroa ds.H ow can w e re du ce the
nu m ber ofcars on ourroa ds today? W hatalter natives can w e offer car driver s?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:

The m ore peop le thatthere are in the world, the m ore ca rs there are on the road. Peop le
are richertoo and o ften famili es h ave m ore than on e ca r.Ithas bee n p rov ed that
bu ilding m ore roads do es no twork;itjustencou rafes m ore traffic.
So, whatca n we do ? Peop le like theirca rs and the free do m and ind epend ence that
ca rs give them .O ne po ss ibilit y wou ld be to raise ca rtaxes and fueltaxes so that
peop le do no twantto spend the extra m on ey. Taxes on n ew ca rsales as wellcou ld b e
increa sed in o rderto d iscou rage p eop le from buy ing. Perhaps a used ca r
sales tax cou ld b e introdu ce d too. In the sam e way m otorways cou ld h ave tolls
charged forusing them although this m ay justincrea se cong estion on sm allerroads as
peop le try and avo id the m otorways.
The gov ernm entthatintrodu ce s such idea s will no tbe popu larthough and wou ld
prob ably lose po wer.G ov ernm ents wou ld therefore be un likely to setup such n ew
m ea sures.
Ithink it wou ld b e betterto try and change p eop le‛s attit ud es and o fferthem
alternatives.Edu ca te them m ore abou tthe po llution and waste thatthey are ca using.
Persuade them to ca rshare, u se pub lic transpo rtoreven cycle ifthe distance s are no t
too long. Coun tries such as Holland
and Denm ark are well kno wn forho w theirciti ze ns are pass ion ate abou tgree n iss ues
and ho w they u se bicycles when they ca n.
Redu cing traffic is a difficult task. Idon ‛tthink it is po ss ible rea listica lly to redu ce ca r
nu m bers bu tIdo think thatwe ca n chang e peop le‛s attit ud es and g etthem to u se
differentways oftravelli ng.
(275 words)
Sam ple 10 8
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
A lotofpeople believe thatthe am oun t o fviolence show n on TV and in the
cinem a a ffec ts the actions ofouryo un g people and there fore incre ases the
am oun tofviolence in oursociety today.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith this
statem ent? W hatcan be done to re du ce v iolence in oursociety today?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
The qu estion o fwhetherthe am oun tof v iolence on TV and cinem a has affec ted young
peop le in ou rsociety is som ething which ca nno tbe qu antified o rprov ed. M y op inion is
though thatthe answeris “yes,it has”.

TV and cinem a tod ay do sho w a large am oun tofviolence and, although we try and
shield ou ryoung p eop le from see ing too m uch, they still getto watch it.Atthe age of
eigh tee n in m y coun try they ca n see
everything any way. Violence on the stree ts h as increa sed. Thathas bee n p rov ed. The
conn ec tion b etwee n TV‛s and the cinem a‛s ob sess ion with v iolence and tod ay‛s stree t
violence ca nno tbe prov ed bu tit is log ica lthatthe two are conn ec ted. Young p eop le
imit ate whatthey see and it is log ica lthatthey see glam ou rin whatthey do when
they commit violence .
How ca n we less en v iolence? Redu cing the am oun tofviolence on TV and in the cinem a
wou ld ce rtainly b e a good start.Being m ore vigilantabou twhatage children are when
they see violence in these m edia,and raising the age limit s wou ld also h elp. Ano ther
good idea wou ld b e to chann elthe violence ofyoung
peop le.Idon ‛tthink thatnation alservice shou ld b e re-established in this coun try bu t,
ifpeop le are conv icted o fviolence
and sentto p rison, then why no tgive them the op tion o fserving in the arm y. Their
violence will be con trolled and they will
be sub jec ted to d iscipline so thatthey will b e betterable to con trolthem selves when
they lea ve.
Thu s Iagree with the statem entthatcinem a and TV violence affec ts the young p eop le
in ou rsociety. There are som e thing s thatca n b e don e to b etterthe situation bu tIdoub t
whetherany thing will b e don e.
(294 words)
Sam ple 10 9
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W ith the pre ss ure s on today ’s yo un g people to succee d academ ically, som e
people believe thatnon-academ ic sub jec ts atschoo l(eg:ph ysical edu cation
and coo ker y)should be re m ov ed from the syllabu s so that childre n can
conce ntrate w holly on a cadem ic sub jec ts.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree or disag ree ?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
W hatyoung p eop le shou ld study atschool h as long b ee n the sub jec tofintense debate
and this is a qu estion thatce rtainly do es
no thave on e corr ec tanswer.
We nee d to p rov ide young p eop le the best po ss ible chance ofdo ing well atschoo l.In
traditi on alcurr iculum there is a wide v ariety o fsub jec ts with a mi x o faca demi c and non -
aca demi c sub jec ts.In this way a young p erson is form ed with a round ed edu ca tion. Non -

aca demi c sub jec ts wou ld includ e spo rts,cook ing, wood work and m etalwork. Ibelieve
this is the bestform o fedu ca tion. A young p erson shou ld lea rn thing s otherthan
aca demi c sub jec ts.Spo rtis particularly im po rtant.Young p eop le h ave to lea rn to lov e
spo rtso thatthey ca n b e fit and h ea lthy laterin life.If no twe will be raising an ob ese
and un fit g eneration.
Itotally und erstand the po intofview thatedu ca tion is so im po rtantthatstud ents m ust
be pu shed as hard as po ss ible to
ac hieve theirbest.Itsound s a good idea to on ly expo se the stud ents to aca demi c
sub jec ts as then they ca n spend all oftheirschoo lhou rs on study ing area s thatwill
getthem into un iversity and good jobs laterin life.Ijustfee la m ore round ed edu ca tion
wou ld p rodu ce a betterind ividu al.We m ustrem em bertoo thata lotofpeop le,m ayb e
even m ostpeop le,aren‛taca demi ca lly mi nd ed and wou ld b enefit m ore from a m ore
vo ca tion ally b ased edu ca tion. Forcing aca demi c stud ies on to them wou ld lea d to failure
and the stud entlea ving schoo ltoo ea rly.
Therefore Iagree thatalthough a who lly aca demi c curr iculum wou ld suit and b enefit
som e young p eop le,Ibelieve thatform oststud ents non -aca demi c sub jec ts are
im po rtantinclusion s still in tod ay‛s syllabu ses.
(283 words)
Sam ple 11 0
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Childre n's lives these day s are qu ite differe ntfrom ourgener ation's.
Descr ibe w hatare the bigg estchanges in yo un ger gener ation and explain som e
factors ofthis ph enom enon.
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
O verthe pastfew deca des,the world h as sign ifica ntly chang ed. Nowadays,m any h ave
begun to wond erwhatthe rea sons b ehind [=for] these chang es are.Two m ajorfac tors
con tribu ting to this ph eno m enon are adv ance s in m edia and chang e famil y dyn ami cs
[=organiza tion ].First,adv ance s in m edia,such as the Internetand TV, h ave m ea ntthat
children spend a large po rtion o ftheirleisure tim e
in fron tofa scree n. Con sequ ently, they are no tgetti ng p rop eram oun ts ofexercise,
which results in an increa se in the nu m ber o fchildren who are ov erweigh tand ob ese.In
add iti on, fastfood restaurants have b ec om e increa sing ly popu lar,which h as also
con tribu ted to children's hea lth p rob lem s
M oreov er,ano therlea ding force ofthis trend is chang es in the famil y un it.
Com pared with a halfce ntury ago, nu clea rfamili es have bec om e way m ore comm on in
m od ern society. Peop le tend to h ave on ly on e child, which h as ca used p erson alit y
disorders such as depress ion, lon eliness ,and selfishn ess .This is m ainly b eca use
parents with on e child h ave tend ency to pu tall theirfocus and m on ey into theiron ly son

ordaugh ter.Stud ies h ave ind ica ted thatov er65 % ofchildren who are brough tup
withou tsibling s show self-ce ntered b ehaviorfind it difficultcoop erating with theirpee rs.
In summ ary, there are m any fac tors that h ave ca used children to live very d ifferently
from the generation b efore them .There are high hop es thatparents exercise(s)
wisdo m in trea ting theirchildren.
(270 words)
Sam ple 11 1
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
In m any coun tries,sports and exerc ise class es are re place d w ith the academ ic
sub jec ts.Discuss the eff ec ts ofthis tre nd .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
O verthe pastfew deca des,aca demi c sub jec ts have bec om e increa sing ly
im po rtantin this fast-chang ing inform ation -based society. Nowadays,there has bee n a
growing d ebate as to whetherit wou ld b e m ore effec tive to replace phy sica ledu ca tion
class es with aca demi c sub jec ts.Despite the im po rtance o fspo rts,Ihigh ly b elieve thatit
is inevitable and m ore efficientto focus
m ore on aca demi c sub jec ts forseveralrea son s.
Tho se who argu e thatspo rts and exercise class es are nee ded in schoo lbase their
ca se on the following argu m ents.Firstof all,spo rts are a good way to bu ild
charac terand d evelop p erson alit y. Thatis,there are nece ss ary forlea rning about
com petiti on, coop eration, and good spo rtsm anship. In add iti on, as a m ajority o fchildren
these days are add icted to the Internet,they find it hard to lea ve their
com pu ter.Con sequ ently, a growing nu m berofchildren are bec omi ng ov erweigh tor
ob ese du e to a lac k of exercise.So, ifschoo ls fosteran env iron m entthatdeprives
stud ents of g etti ng a prop erphy sica ledu ca tion, it will h ave a long -term negative effec t
on children bo th m entally and phy sica lly. Nevertheless , p eop le shou ld no tigno re the fac t
thatdevo ting m ore tim e and energy to aca demi c sub jec ts will benefit stud ents m ore in
the long run. The tim e devo ted to phy sica ledu ca tion no w wou ld b e betterspentteac hing
stud ents Eng lish. This is b eca use spea king fluentEng lish will give young p eop le an
adv antage ov erothercollege app lica nts and job see kers in the n ea rfuture.Besides,
science will undoub tedly b enefit you th m ore than phy sica ledu ca tion as well.The
principles
lea rned in science will prov ide the n ece ss ary found ation forsolving and d ifficult
prob lem s thatare sure to arise in stud ents'futures.
In summ ary, there are high hop es thatedu ca tors and p arents exercise wisdo m in
teac hing young g eneration s.

(300 words)
Sam ple 11 2
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
Som e people insistthatseniorw orker s
65 o rov er should re tire bu tother s believe thatthey should continu e
w orking. W hatis yo u opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
O verthe pastfew deca des [In the past],there have bee n m any adv ance s in m edica l
tec hno logy. Beca use ofthis,senior
citi ze ns are hea lthierand m ore ac tive than b efore and m ay choo se to work b eyond the
age of65. Nowadays, ho wever,there has b ee n a growing d ebate as to whetherornot
these peop le shou ld retire in o rderto
crea te job s forthe young ergeneration. Despite the adv antages ofea rly retirem ent,I
strong ly b elieve thatit is betterfor
seniorworkers to con tinu e working as long as they are phy sica lly and m entally
ca pable.
Tho se who b elieve thatseniorworkers n ee d to retire foryoung ergeneration b ase
theirca se on the following argu m ents.First,the un em ploy m entrate,espec ially for
college gradu ates, h as neverbee n so h igh so it is tod ay. This is largely du e to the slow
ec ono m y. Therefore,firing som e elderly workers who are well-paid wou ld allow tho se
un em ploy ed young p eop le to h ave good oppo rtun iti es to g eta job. In add iti on, replac ing
olderworkers with young p eop le wou ld b ring g rea terbenefits to com panies
[=em ploy ers].This is b eca use young sters are betteratadapting them selves to fast
chang ing inform ation b ased society. They are generally b etteratcom pu ters and
spea king foreign langu ages than theiroldercoun terparts.
Nevertheless , p eop le shou ld no tigno re the fac tthatseniorciti ze ns have bee n p laying
vitalroles bo th atho m e and atwork for theirentire lives.To b egin with, a young
person 's nee d fora job is no m ore im po rtantthan an o lderperson 's.Both h ave a
respon sibilit y to suppo rttheirfamili es.Sadly, few seniors ca n afford ea rly retirem ent.
Besides,seniorworkers p rov ide the wisdo m and exp erience that young em ploy ee s
ca nno toffer.There is strong [=ac ute]po ss ibilit y o fsituations arising thatrequ ire the
kno wledg e of skill ed seniorem ploy ee s.
In summ ary, the adv antages ofkee ping sea son ed workers farou tweigh its
disadv antages.There are high hop es thatem ploy ers exercise wisdo m [=ca ution ]in
dea ling with this iss ue.
(310 words)
Sam ple 11 3
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.

Som e people think high school g radu ates should trav elorw ork fora per iod of
tim e instead ofgo ing direc tly to stud y a tun iver sity. Discuss the a dva ntag es and
disadva ntag es ofboth a pp roa ches.
Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er and includ e any re leva ntexa m ples from yo ur
ow n kn ow ledge orexper ience .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
High schoo lstud ents face m any d ec isions
as they p repare to g radu ate,includ ing whatthey are go ing to do aftergradu ation.
Som e high schoo lstud ents go d irec tly to college orun iversity aftergradu ation.
O thers preferto travelorwork forsom e tim e before go ing to un iversity.
Fortho se who choo se to go college or un iversity aftergradu ation, there are adv antages
and d isadv antages.O ne ofthe b ig adv antages ofgo ing d irec tly from high schoo lto
college is thatyou are still in the h abit ofstudy ing. By go ing to college after g radu ation,
you do no tlose the study skill s thatyou d evelop ed du ring h igh schoo l.
The big d isadv antages, ho wever,is that you m ay no tbe rea dy forcollege.You m ay
no tkno w exac tly whatyou wantto study, o ryou m ay b e m ore interested in free do m
and p arties than in you rcou rses.
Atthatage,it is often d ifficult forstud ents
to take on the respon sibiliti es ofcollege.There are also adv antages and d isadv antages
to working o rtraveling b eforstarting college.W orking or traveling allows you a better
idea ofwhat you wantto do with you rlife.You g ain p rac tica lexp erience thathelps you
define whatyou wantto study. You also are well p repared forthe respon sibiliti es of
college o run iversity stud ies.O n the otherhand,
by the tim e you startcollege, you will p rob ably h ave ob ligation s,like a job or spou se,
which k ee p you from focusing on stud ies.In add iti on, travelli ng o rworking b efore
college m ay ca use you to spend enough tim e ou tofschoo lthatyou forget ho w to study.
The desicion o fwhatto do afterhich schoo lgradu ation ca n b e a difficult on e.
Dec iding whetherto go straigh tinto
college orun iversity o rtake tim e to work o rtravelis som ething thatface s every h igh
schoo lstud ent.Afterthink ing about the adv antages and d isadv antages ofbo th
op tion s,the dec ision shou ld b e based on whatis bestforyou.
Sam ple 11 4
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:

Childre n w ho a re broughtup in the fam ily thatdo nothav e a lotofm oney a re
bett er pre pare d to dealw ith problem s w hen they bec om e adu lts than childre n w ho
are broughtup by w ealthy pare nt.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith this
statem ent?
G ives rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .W rite atlea st
250 words.
m od elanswer:
O verthe pastfew deca des,along with g rowing interestin child edu ca tion, p eop le's
attention to the famil y env iron m entwhere a child is brough tup h as also sign ifica ntly
increa sed. Som e p eop le have begun to fee lthata child who h as grown up in a poo r
famil y tend to be b etterprepared to d ea lwith p rob lem s.In m y op inion, ho wever,famil y
env iron m ent
alon e do es no tm uch influence a child's abilit y to solve prob lem s.
A child who was bo rn into a poo rfamil y wou ld h ave had m ore situation s where they
had to solve a prob lem orm ake a d ec ision on theirown. This is beca use in m ost
un fortun ate famili es, bo th p arents are usually working and children are put into
situation s where they h ave to take ca re ofthem selves.By con trast, du e to theirwea lth,
rich children ca n exp erience and lea rn thing s thatun fortun ate children ca nno t.For
exam ple,they u sually go to the bestschoo ls and rece ive a high eredu ca tion there,
which p repares them b etterforsolving p rob lem s in theirlife.
However,few wou ld d isagree with the fac tthateac h ind ividu alis different.Thatis,
prob lem solving skill s com e m ore from
life exp erience .Thatis,the m ore a person
exp erience s in life,the m ore they ca n u se these exp erience s to adjust,to adaptand to
solve prob lem s they encoun ter.
Person alit y also ca n b e a fac torin d ea ling with p rob lem s.A person who is op timi stic,
ou tgo ing, con fidentand op en-mi nd ed ca n look atand solve prob lem s m ore effec tively.
As discuss ed abov e, n ature and nu rture h ave an equ alinfluence on a child's abilit y to
face challeng es.Parents shou ld spare no effortto figu re ou tho w they ca n h elp their
children to b e ind epend ent.Ihop e thatin the future the nextgeneration will grow up as
m ature citi ze ns.
(291 words)
Sam ple 11 5
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:

The earth is being fill ed w ith w aste m ater ialsuch as plastic bag s and other
rubb ish.Is this re ally happ ening? W hat a re som e solutions to this problem ?
G ives rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .W rite atlea st
250 words.
m od elanswer:
O verthe pastfew deca des,the increa sing am oun tofindu strialwastes and hou seho ld
garbage has bec om e a m ajorprob lem in m any coun tries.Peop le have qu estion ed what
ca used this prob lem and whatca n be don e to im prov e the situation. In m y op inion, two
ofthe m ostcriti ca lca uses of this waste m aterialprob lem are the increa sed
con sum ption and a sho rtage of space forland fill .
To b egin with, m od ern lifestyle has con tribu ted g rea tly to the increa sing am oun tof
waste and g arbage we produ ce everyd ay. In o therwords,we have turned into a
m aterialistic and m ass -con sum ption society where we use m ore and throw
away m ore than everbefore.M oreov er,coun tries are runn ing ou tofspace to store
garbage and waste m aterial.In fac t,sec uring land forwaste dispo salraises
con trov ersies in m any coun tries.
To solve this intrac table prob lem ,every
citi ze n n ee ds to p articipate in p rodu cing less garbage.Forexam ple,we ca n b ring ou r
own p erson alshopp ing b ags instea d of u sing p lastic bags prov ided by stores and shop s.
Besides,the gov ernm entca n enforce stricterlaws on com panies to u se b iod egradable
pac kaging o ruse rec ycled m aterial.Ind ee d, this alon e ca n elimi nate m uch o fthe waste
which is sentto atland fill s.Com panies ca n also con tribu te by d evelop ing n ew raw
m aterialwhich is rec yclable and will ultim ately lea d to less g arbage.O ne good exam ple
ofthis is thattire com panies develop n ew tires forca rs which are no tm ade ofrubb erbu t
ofnew b iod egradable m aterial.
As discuss ed abov e,ind ividu als, bu siness and the gov ernm entca n share the
respon sibilit y to redu ce the am oun tof waste m aterialand to save the ea rth. I
hop e thatin the future ou roffspring will b e betteroff with the well-preserved
env iron m ent.
(282 words)
Sam ple 11 6
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:

In Britain,w hen som eone gets old they o ft en go to live in a hom e w ith other old
peoplesw here sthere are nu rses to look a ft er them .Som etim es the gov er nm ent
has to pay forthis care .
W ho should be re sponsible forourold people?
G ives rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .W rite atlea st
250 words.
m od elanswer:
M any o ld p eop le in Britain, aftera lifetim e ofhard work and the toil of b ring ing up
children, are pu tinto ho m es forthe elderly by theirfamili es.There,they are look ed after
by p rofess ion al nu rses,and this is som etim es atthe exp ense ofthe gov ernm ent.
However,this situation h as raised con trov ersy about whetherwe extend to ou relders
the ca re and respec tthey d eserve.
The criti cs ofthis system say thatit is the
du ty o fthe famil y to look afterits senior m em bers in the yea rs when they are no long er
able to work. They po intou tthatin retirem entho m es old p eop le tend to fee l u seless and
un wanted by theirfamil y m em bers,who seldo m com e to see them .In add iti on, there is
evidence thatyoung er p eop le benefit from the exp erience and wisdo m ofolderpeop le
who live with them on a daily b asis.
O n the otherhad, tho se who suppo rtthe system say thatretired p arents ca n b e a
bu rden to young famili es.Noton ly is itexp ensive to suppo rtold p eop le who h ave littl e
orno incom e, bu tthe fac tthatold p eop le are often ill and n ee d a grea tdea l o flook ing
afterca n b e too m uch fortheir bu sy children.
In m y op inion, n eitherside is com pletely righ t.O ld p eop le in good h ea lth and with
enough finance s to suppo rtthem selves ca n b e a grea thelp to theirchildren. For
instance ,they ca n look aftertheir g rand children while children are ou tatwork. O n the
otherhad, sick and p enn iless
Sam ple 11 7
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Action m ov ies w ith spec tacularcar chases are ver y popu larw ith yo un g people.it
is oft en said thatthese sorts of m ov ies lead to a n incre ase in car a cc idents
am ong yo un g driver s as they try to copy w hatthey hav e see n in the film s.
Do yo u ag ree thatsuch m ov ies incre ase
the am oun tofbad driving? W hatcan be done to encourag e yo un g people to drive
m ore safely?

G ives rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .W rite atlea st
250 words.
m od elanswer:
M ov ies tend to h ave a very large influence on young p eop le who are influence d bo th by
whatthey see and h ea r.Beca use this is the ca se,it is true thatca rchases in ac tion
m ov ies tend to lea d to an increa se in the nu m berofca racc idents am ong young d rivers
beca use they try to copy whatthey
have see n in the film s.They d rive too fastand take unn ece ss ary risks and the d ifficulty
is thatm ostyoung p eop le lac k the skill s and exp erience to do this.
There are a variety o fways in which young p eop le ca n b e encou raged to p rac tise safer
driving h abits.Firstly, the G ov ernm entshou ld laun ch a safe driving ca m paign to conv ey
the fac tthatdriving safely is no tun coo l.In effec t,it shou ld be coo lto stay alive and
hea lthy !Sec ond ly, every m ov ie shou ld m ake it clea rthat d ang erou s ca rchases are
und ertaken on ly in strictsafety cond iti on s with
exp erience d d rivers,and o ften spec ialm ov ie-m aking tricks are used to enh ance the
ac tion. Thirdly, young p eop le shou ld b e force d to take safe driving cou rses every y ea r
forthe firstfive yea rs thatthey h ave theirdriver's lice nce .In this way,
they are force d to p erfec ttheirdriving skill s ortheirlice nce will be taken away. Finally,
as partofthis cou rse, young d rivers shou ld go to ho spitals and witness the effec ts of
poo rordang erou s driving on o therpeop le.W hen they see ho spitalised p eop le who se
lives have bee n d estroy ed du e to stup id risk-taking, they will surely chang e theirmi nd s
abou twhetherit is
coo lto copy ac tion h eroes and d rive fast.
264 words
Sam ple 11 8
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W rite abou tthe following top ic:
Sh ould anim als be used in testing new
drugs and proce du re s?
G ives rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .W rite atlea st
250 words.

m od elanswer:
Every y ea r,milli on s ofanim als und ergo p ainfulsuffering o rdea th as a result of
scientific resea rch into the effec ts of d rug s,food add iti ves,cosm etics and o ther
chemi ca lprodu cts.W hile m ostpeop le think anim altesting is nece ss ary, o thers are
up setby whatthey see as nee dless suffering. This ess ay look s atsom e ofthe po siti ve
and n egative aspec ts ofanim al
testing.
M any m edica ltrea tm ents and p roce du res h ave bee n d evelop ed from exp erim ents on
anim als.Since anim als share m any fea tures with hu m ans,scientists use
anim als to testthe safety and effec tiveness o fnewly d evelop ed d rug s before pilot
testing on sm all group s ofpatients.M edica ltea m s prac tice new op erating tec hn iqu es
such as transplants on anim als.W ithou tanim altesting, m any p roce du res o rnew drug s
wou ld b e extrem ely un safe.However,m any p eop le are con ce rned thatanim als are
suffering unn ece ss arily and cruelly. They do no tbelieve thatevery
new drug n ee ds to b e tested on anim als,espec ially with the hug e database of
kno wledg e and m od ern com pu term od els.They also are worr ied thatm any anim al
tests are ineffec tive, po inting ou tthatany
drug s have had to b e withd rawn from the m arketdespite extensive testing. They
particularly fee lthatanim altesting shou ld no tbe used fornon -ess entialprodu cts
such as cosm etics,sham poo s,soaps,and clea ning p rodu cts.Furtherm ore,som e
ca m paign ers wou ld like to see ce rtain tests replace d and m ore hu m ane m ethod s used.
We nee d to m ake sure thatthe milli on s of anim als who are used fortesting n ew
produ cts are trea ted with the mi nim um of suffering. Although som e anim altesting m ay
be un avo idable atpresent,trea ting
ou rfellow crea tures as m ercifully as po ss ible will dem on strate ou rhu m anity.
267 words
Sam ple 11 9
In the past,bu ildings oft en re flec ted the culture ofa society bu ttoday a ll m oder n
bu ildings loo k alike and cities throughoutthe w orld are bec om ing
m ore and m ore sim ilar.
W hatdo yo u think is the re ason forthis, a nd is ita goo d think ora bad think ?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
You should use yo urow n ideas,kn ow ledge and exper ience and
supp ortyo urargum ents w ith exa m ples.
m od elanswer:
city h as its architec turalcharac ter, bu tthe simil ariti es betwee n citi es are m ore obv iou s
these days than in the past.In m y op inion, on e rea son forthis is the high p rice ofland.

In m ostlarge citi es,land is sca rce and con sequ ently it is very v aluable.This has led to
the con struction o ftall bu ildings which o cc upy on ly a sm all area ofland while prov iding
lots offloo rspace where p eop le ca n live orwork. Building s ofthis typ e are m ade of
con crete and stee land ca n b e bu ilt com paratively qu ickly u sing p refabrica ted
m aterials.They do no tuse loca lm aterials,such as ston e,tim beror b rick, which u sed
to g ive citi es their
ind ividu alcharac ter.In con sequ ence m any citi es. no w look v ery m uch the sam e and
you mi gh tno tkno w whetheryou were in Brisbane,Bangkok o rBerlin when you are on
the stree t.
W hile Irea lise thatwe ca nno tstand in the way o fprog ress ,Ibelieve thatciti es shou ld
try to k ee p som e ind ividu alit y. For exam ple,in Paris it is proh ibited to bu ild
very tall bu ilding s in the ce ntre ofthe city, as this wou ld spo il the ov erall app ea rance o f
the sky line.
O therciti es have cho sen to d esign un ique bu ilding s to ensure they look d ifferent.The
twin towers in Kuala Lum pu rorthe O pera Hou se in Sydn ey are exam ples of
this app roac h, and Iagree with this kind of initi ative.
All in all,although it is regrettable thatm od ern citi es look simil ar,Itend to fee lthat
this is un avo idable.However,it ca n b e argu ed that,even ifthe bu ilding s are
simil ar,citi es will m aintain theirown charac teras a result ofculturaldiversity, the
terrain and the clim ate,which u ltim ately d etermi ne ho w peop le live.
Sam ple 12 0
In m any m ajorcities ofthe w orld, you w ill find large pub lic bu ildings,both new
and old.
Discuss the adva ntag es and disadva ntag es ofsuch bu ildings.H ow im portant
is itfora coun try to
constructim pre ss ive pub lic bu ildings w hen houses are w antis re ally re qu ire d?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis
task.
You should use yo urow n ideas,kn ow ledge and exper ience and supp ort
yo urargum ents w ith exa m ples.
m od elanswer:
(Introdu ction :m ention tha tpub lic bu ilding s ex istin a ll citi es and towns,large and
sm all,e.g. po stoffi ce ,cou rt pau se, p lace s ofwors hip, theatre)
A pub lic bu ilding is a bu ilding that b elong s in som e way o the state.The nu m berof
pub lic bu ilding s in any town or v ill age will depend on the size ofthat

comm un ity and its nee ds.Forexam ple, you will usually find a town h all ofsom e sort,a
schoo land a place ofworship athe lea st.In ang ercomm un iti es there will be a po lice
station, law cou rts,a library and m ayb e a thea tre fund ed by h e state.
(Pros:city pride, b eau tif ulto loo k at, u seful/nece ss ary bu ilding s,create a city ce ntre.)
The desire to bu ild im press ive bu ilding s is no tnew.The ancientciti es ofthe M idd le East
and Sou th Am erica were design ed with large pub lic bu ilding s to im press v isitors and
enemi es and g ive a sense of p ride.In m od ern tim es, ou tstand ing pub lic bu ilding s still .
crea te a grea tsense ofloca land n ation alpride.They are whatgives a city its charac ter
and they form asocialce ntre,a place where peop le like to m ee t.(Con s:waste ofpub lic
m on ey ,
intim ida ting, na tiona listic.G ive op inion on whetherthey stop u s from bu ilding hou ses
orwhetherthey can be com pa tible.)
However,som e peop le argu e that gov ernm ents have con structed unn ece ss ary, and
som etim es ug ly, bu ilding s sim ply to m ake them selves fee lim po rtant.Itend to fee lthat
such bu ilding s m ay b e a waste ofpub lic m on ey bu tIam no tsure we ca n claim thatthey
preventhou ses from being bu ilt , b eca use
these gov ernm ents have often ensured thatadequ ate hou sing was also available.
Hou ses and pub lic bu ilding s ca n existside by side.
(Con clusion -sum up the two pa rts to the an swer.Leave the read erthinking.)
The answerlies in find ing ape right b alance .We wanto fee lpride in ou rtown,
bu twe also wantou rciti ze ns to h ave com fortable ho m es.Itis hard to p lea se
everyon e.
Sam ple 12 1
Learning a fore ign languag e off er s an insightinto how people from other
culture s think and see the w orld.
The teaching o fa fore ign language should be com pu lsory a tall prim ary
schoo ls.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this view ?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
You should use yo urow n ideas,kn ow ledge and exper ience and supp ort
yo urargum ents w ith exa m ples.
m od elanswer:
(Clearstatem entfollowed b y a qu estion ba sed on the prem ise.)
Langu age is link ed to the identit y o fa n ation, and spea kers ofa comm on langu age
share m any thing s, bu tdo es this g ive gov ernm ents the righ tto restrictthe way a
langu age is used o rtaugh t? (Con ce ss ion m od e to the "For"case, but followed b y the

Aga inst'po intofview.An ex am ple is give n which comm ents on the like ly effec tive ness
ofsuch a po licy .)
Itca n b e argu ed thata nation m aintains its culture through its langu age,and so there is
a nee d to restrictthe use offoreign words and chang es in p ronun ciation. However,in
rea lit y this app roac h is fruitl ess , b eca use langu age is a living
thing and it is im po ss ible to stop it from chang ing. This po licy h as bee n tried in som e
coun tries, bu tit neverworks.Peop le,espec ially young p eop le,will use the langu age that
they h ea raround them ,and which separates them from others;
stopp ing the use ofce rtain words will on ly m ake them app ea rm ore attrac tive.
(Puts the case Aga inst'go ve rnm ents p reve nting spelli ng reform , bu tcon ce des itm ay be
useful.)
As forspelli ng, we all kno w thatthe Eng lish system is irregu larand, Ibelieve,it wou ld
benefit from sim plifica tion so
thatchildren and o therlea rners do not waste tim e lea rning to rea d and write.O n the
otherhand, som e peop le m ay fee l, p erhaps righ tly, thatit is im po rtantto k ee p the
originalspelli ng o fwords as a link
with the pastand this view is also held by spea kers oflangu ages which do no tuse the
Rom an alph abet.
(Puts bo th sides ofthe argu m entabout which languag e to u se in schoo ls.)
W hile it is im po rtantforpeop le who spea k a mi no rity langu age to b e able to lea rn and
use thatlangu age,it is prac tica lfor edu ca tion to b e in a comm on langu age.This crea tes
nation alpride and links
peop le within the society. Rea listica lly, schoo ls are the bestplace forthis to start.
(End s with a clearstatem ent.)
Ultim ately, there is a role forgov ernm ents to p lay in the area oflangu age plann ing,
particularly in edu ca tion, bu tatno tim e shou ld gov ernm ents im po se regu lations which
restrictpeop le's lingu istic free do m .
Sam ple 12 2
W ith the incre asing popu larity of com pu ter s and calculators,stud ent
liter acy is decre asing dram atically. W hatare the positive and nega tive
eff ec ts the prog re ss ofscience and tec hn ology has broughtabout?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Ithas bee n widely no ted that,with the g rowing u se ofcom pu ters and ca lculators bo th in
the class roo m and in the ho m e,the leveloflit erac y and m athem atica labilit y o fstud ents
is dropp ing. This raises serious doub ts abou tthe value ofthe prog ress of science and
tec hno logy. Here Iwill
discuss the pros and con s ofthis qu estion. Firstofall,adv ance s in science and
tec hno logy h ave ce rtainly b rough tabout m any b enefits form ank ind. They h ave m ade
ou rlives m ore com fortable and h ea lthier.In add iti on, they h ave ea sed the bu rden o f

work form ostpeop le and p rov ided them with m ore leisure oppo rtun iti es,while atthe
sam e tim e increa sing p rodu ctivity d ram atica lly. Nevertheless ,it ca nno tbe denied that
tec hno logy h as som e negative side-effec ts.As m ention ed abov e,with com pu ters
which chec k spelli ng, g ramm arand ca lculation forthem ,stud ents have littl e
ince ntive to lea rn ho w to do these things forthem selves.Also, the availabilit y of TV
prog ram s and v ideos encou rages an unh ea lthy, sedentary lifestyle.
Ano theraspec tofthis iss ue is thattec hno logy m ay b e good o rbad, d epend ing on ho w
we use it.Forinstance , dyn amit e m ay b e used to m ake road con struction ea sier, o rit
m ay b e used to k ill peop le.Again, nu clea rreac tors ca n supp ly huge am oun ts ofchea p
elec tricity, bu tifthey
are ca reless ly h and led they ca n ca use d evastating po llution.
We ca n con clud e thatthe prog ress of science and tec hno logy h as bo th po siti ve and
negative effec ts.W hatwe m ustdo is
to m ake sure thatthe po siti ve on es are encou raged and the negative on es are
elimi nated as faras po ss ible.Am ong o therthing s,this m ea ns thatstud ents are warned
no tto letcom pu ters and ca lculators do alltheirwork forthem .
Sam ple 12 3
Itis oft en said thatthe sub jec ts taughtin schoo ls are too a cadem ic in
orientation and thatitw ould be m ore usefulforchildre n to learn aboutpractical
m att er s such as hom e m anag em ent,w ork and inter per sonal skill s.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree or disag ree ?
You should w rite atleast250
w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
A criti cism often h ea rd these days is thatthe sub jec ts taugh tin schoo ls tend to be too
aca demi c,and con tribu te littl e to p reparing a young p erson forthe rea l-life tasks he or
she will have to p erform after g radu ation. They say thataca demi c sub jec ts are roo ted in
the past,and are not u sefulforsolving m od ern p rob lem s. I d isagree with this po intof
view forthree rea son s.
M y firstrea son is thatit is the du ty of
parents, no tteac hers,to p repare theirchildren to d ea lwith the prac tica laffairs
oflife.The ho m e, no tthe class roo m ,is the idea lplace to lea rn abou tho m e
m anagem entand interperson alskill s.As forwork abiliti es and attit ud es,they are b est
lea rned “on the job ”and und erthe sup ervision o fan exp erience d o lder
worker.

M y sec ond rea son is thataca demi c sub jec ts have withstood the testoftim e.They
representthe acc um ulated wisdo m of ou rance stors do wn through the ages,and, far
from being im prac tica l,they equ ip us with the kno wledg e and con fidence to
m ake sound judg em ents abou tany p rob lem s which m ay crop up. In add iti on, aca demi c
sub jec ts are good fortraining us in m entaldiscipline,while prac tica lsub jec ts are wea k
in this regard.
M y third rea son is based on the saying “M an do es no tlive by b rea d alon e.”
Schoo ldays devo ted solely to instruction in do wn-to-ea rth p rac tica lm atters wou ld b e
du ll ind ee d!Less on s in the bestlit erature ofthe world, and the epo ch-m aking
scientific and g eog raph ica l
discov eries ofthe pastenrich ou rlives and m ake us fee lthatwe are partofthe grea t
famil y o fm ank ind.
All in all,the teac hing o faca demi c sub jec ts in schoo ls is entirely app rop riate.Itis m y
firml y h eld v iew thatprac tica lsub jec ts have no p lace in the class roo m .O n the con trary,
the curriculum shou ld be m ore aca demi c!
Sam ple 124
M any people think thatnow adays people are being sub jec ted to m ore and m ore
pre ss ure in theirw ork, a nd thu s a re hav ing less and less tim e to re lax. W hatis
yo uropinion?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
In m od ern society, espec ially in b ig citi es, undoub tedly h ard work h as bec om e a very
im po rtantfea ture ofordinary p eop le’s everyd ay life.Itsee m s thatm any p eop le
are und erthe im press ion thattheirwork is b ec omi ng m ore press ing and u rgent,and
thu s they sac rifice m ore and m ore leisure tim e.
In the firstplace ,with the rapid d evelop m entofscience and tec hno logy, work tod ay
is m ore dem and ing than it
used to b e.Forexam ple,college gradu ates no wadays have to m asterEng lish, com pu ter
science and d riving skill s before they ca n find d ece ntjob s.Peop le have to spend m ore
tim e ac qu iring n ew tec hn iqu es and skill s.And theirspare tim e tend s to be fully
occ up ied, no twith leisure pu rsuit,
bu twith work-related pu rsuits.
In the sec ond p lace ,com petiti on is b ec omi ng m ore intense.M any p eop le fee lanx iou s
thatthey m ay b e “laid-off”ifthey ca n’twork as hard as others.And they also fee lata
disadv antage before new

gradu ates.Therefore,it is und erstand able thatpeop le kee p them selves invo lved in
intensely h ard work in o rderto p reserve theirpo siti on s.
In m y op inion, the worstaspec tofthis ph eno m enon is thatthe hug e press ure of work
will gradu ally affec tpeop le’s m ental h ea lth. Exce ss ively h ard work m ea ns that p eop le
ca n n evergetrid o fthe fatigu e of theirwork, even in theirleisure tim e.This m ea ns that
they ca n no tenjoy a no rm allife.
In a word, in m od ern society ov erwork is stea ling ou rleisure tim e. ho wever, I b elieve
this prob lem will be settl ed eventually with the develop m entof science and
tec hno logy.
Sam ple 12 5
Itis gener ally a ckn ow ledged that fam ili es are now notas close as they used
to be.
Gi ve poss ible re asons and yo urrec omm end ations.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
There is m uch d iscuss ion no wadays as to whetherorno tthe relation -ship b etwee n
famil y m em bers is as close as before.Diverse con tribu ting fac tors ca n be
identified. In the following, Iwou ld like to p resentm y po intofview.
G rea tchang es have taken p lace in famil y life along with the develop m entofsociety.
O ne ofthem is thatthe on ce -extend ed famil y tend s to b ec om e sm allerand sm aller.
M any children h ave to lea ve their p arents atan ea rly age to study o rwork elsewhere.As
tim e pass es,children
bec om e em otion ally estrang ed from their p arents.
Com pared with the past,socialcom petiti on is bec omi ng increa sing ly fierce .Peop le
are urged to con ce ntrate theirefforts upon work, so thatthey ca n ac hieve succe ss , o r
atlea sta good stand ard o fliving. As a result,they ca n’tafford to spend theirleisure
hou rs with
theirfamili es.The im po rtance ofbond s of k inship is gradu ally fading from their
mi nd s.
In add iti on, the availabilit y o fvarious k ind s ofrec rea tion alfac iliti es also d iverts p eop le
from enjoy ing chats with the m em bers oftheirfamili es.Theirfree tim e is m ostly
occ up ied by watching TV,surfing the Internetorplaying v ideo g am es.They com e to
lose interestin comm un ica ting with the otherm em bers of theirfamili es.
In v iew ofsuch alienation within famili es, u rgentsteps m ustbe taken, in m y op inion. For
m em bers offamili es who live away from on e ano ther,regu larcon tac ton the phon e ca n
bring them the ca re thatthey n ee d. Famil y reun ion s on ho lidays orotherim po rtant
occa sion s ca n m ake a difference as well.Fortho se living tog ether,it is a good idea to
take som e tim e off work or rec rea tion p eriod s to spend m ore tim e with

eac h o ther.In the finalanalysis,a close famil y relation ship ca n surely be
m aintained as long as we rea lize the sign ifica ntrole it plays in ou rlives and attac h
im po rtance to it.
Sam ple 12 6
Ithas bee n m ore than 30 y ears since m an firstland ed on the m oo n.
Som e people think thatspace re searc h is a w aste ofm oney.
Discuss .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Forov erfifty y ea rs,a nu m berofnations h ave bee n invo lved in the exp loration of
ou terspace .This resea rch h as bee n v ery costly, o fcou rse.Has this m on ey b ee n
well-spentorwasted?
Som e peop le believe thatall orm ostspac e resea rch shou ld b e elimi nated b eca use of
its incredible exp ense, no ton ly in term s of m on ey, bu talso in term s ofscientific and
hu m an resou rce s.These peop le po intout the fac tthatit costbilli on s ofdo llars to send
astron auts to the m oon, bu tall they b rough tbac k were som e worthless rocks.These
peop le say thatthe m on ey and effort no w being wasted in ou terspace cou ld be spentfor
ho m eless peop le,im prov ing the
edu ca tion system ,saving the env iron m ent,and find ing cures fordisea ses.
However, o therpeop le believe thatspac e resea rch h as prov ided m any b enefits to
m ank ind. They po intou tthathund reds of u sefulprodu cts,from person alcom pu ters to
hea rtpace m akers to freeze -dried food s,are the direc torind irec tresults ofspac e
resea rch. They say thatwea therand comm un ica tion satellit es,which are also p rodu cts
ofspace prog ram s, h ave b enefited p eop le all ov erthe glob e.In add iti on to these
prac tica lbenefits,suppo rters ofthe space prog ram po intto the scientific kno wledg e
thathas bee n ac qu ired abou tthe sun, the m oon, the p lanets and even ou rown ea rth as
a result o fspace resea rch.
Iagree with tho se peop le who suppo rtspace resea rch and wantit to con tinu e.
Space resea rch, as sho wn, h as alrea dy b rough tm any b enefits to hu m anity. Perhaps it
will bring even m ore benefits in the future, on es thatwe ca n no teven im agine no w.
M oreov er,justas ind ividu al p eop le nee d challeng es to m ake theirlives m ore interesting,
Ibelieve the hu m an rac e itselfnee ds a challeng e,and Ithink that
the peace fulexp loration o fou terspac e p rov ides justsuch a challeng e.
Sam ple 12 7
Som e people believe thatchildre ns leisure activities m ustbe edu cational,
other w ise they a re a com plete w aste of tim e.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?

Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er and
includ e any re leva ntexa m ples from yo urexper ience .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Tod ay, edu ca tion h as bec om e a priority for m any p arents see king to sec ure a good
future fortheirchildren in this rapidly chang ing world. They b elieve thatiftheirchildren
app ly them selves and work h ard
atschoo l,then they will increa se their oppo rtun iti es forgo ing to h igh eredu ca tion
and eventually g etti ng a good job. O fcou rse they are righ t,and as acce ss to the b est
edu ca tion and b estjob s is bec omi ng m ore com petiti ve,then it is true thatchildren
have to m ake the bestoftheirstudy tim e when they are young. However,the parents
who do no tallow theirchildren sufficientfree tim e for
leisure ac tiviti es ou tside schoo lhou rs,are mi sgu ided. Such ac tiviti es are farfrom b eing
a waste oftim e forthe children sim ply b eca use they are no taca demi c.Itis im po rtantto
rem em berthatchildren n ee d to d evelop skill s otherthan intellec tual on es,and the best
way to do this is through ac tiviti es such as spo rts, g am es and
playing with o therkids.If they ca nnot p lay m ake-believe gam es, ho w ca n they d evelop
theirim agination ? How ca n they lea rn phy sica lco-ordination o rlea rn
im po rtantsocialless on s abou twinn ing and losing ifthey do no tprac tise any spo rts?
M any children form strong, p erson alrelation ships with the friends they p lay with, and
withou tthe oppo rtun ity to do this,they cou ld g row up em otion ally imm ature or
un form ed. Finally, Ithink it is also im po rtantto rem em berthatchildren n ee d to relax as
well as work. If everything they do m ust h ave som e edu ca tion aloraca demi c relevance ,
then they will soon g ettired of
study ing altog ether,which is the lastthing p arents wou ld want.
Sam ple 12 8
New s editors dec ide w hatto broa dcast o n television and w hatto printin
new spaper s.
W hatfactors do yo u think influence these dec isions?
Do w e bec om e used to bad new s? Wo uld ithe better ifm ore goo d new s w as
re ported?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.

m od elanswer:
Ithas often b ee n said that.G ood n ews is b ad n ews. b eca use it do es no tsell
newspapers.A radio station thaton ce
dec ided to p resenton ly good n ews soon found thatit had gon e ou tofbu siness for lac k
oflisteners.Bad n ews on the other h and is so comm on thatin o rderto cope with it,we
often sim ply igno re it.We have b ec om e imm un e to b ad n ews and the n ewspapers and
radio station s are aware of this.
W hile newspapers and TV station s m ay aim to repo rtworld events acc urately, be they
naturalorhu m an d isasters, po liti ca levents orthe ho rr ors ofwar,it is also true that
theirm ain ob jec tive is to sell n ewspapers and attrac tlisteners and v iewers to their
station s.Forthis rea son TV and radio station s attem ptto reflec tthe flavou roftheir
station by p rov iding n ews broadca sts tailor-m ade to suit theirlisteners. p reference s.
Prog ramm es spec ialising in pop m usic orTV soap
op eras focus m ore on loca lnews, ho m e iss ues and up -to-date traffic repo rts.The m ore
seriou s station s and n ewspapers like to p rov ide .so ca lled. ob jec tive news repo rts with
editorialcomm entaim ed atanalysing the situation.
If it is true,then, thatnewspapers and TV station s are tailoring theirnews to their
rea ders.and v iewers.requ irem ents, how ca n they po ss ibly b e repo rting rea lworld
events in an hon estand ob jec tive ligh t? M any radio and TV station s do, in fac t,repo rt
item s ofgood n ews bu tthey no long erca ll this news.They referto these as hu m an
intereststories and p ac kage them in p rog ramm es spec ialising, for instance ,in
con sum eraffairs orloca liss ues.G ood n ews no w com es to u s in the form of
do cum entaries the figh tagainstchildren. s ca nce rorAIDS, o rthe latest
develop m ents in the figh tto save the p lanetfrom env iron m entalpo llution.
Sam ple 12 9
M any people believe thattelevision prog ram s are ofno va lue forchildre n.Do yo u
ag ree ? W hy o rw hy not? Prov ide re asons and exa m ples to supp ortyo urre sponse.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
m od elanswer:
Televisualm edia has bec om e a pervasive force in the lives offamili es around the world
tod ay. Yet,a ce ntralqu estion rem ains regarding whetherwatching television is harm ful
orbeneficialfor children. An analysis ofthis qu estion revea ls thattelevision p rog ram s
present three m ajorcon ce rns in the ca se of children, includ ing d epiction s ofviolence ,
the use ofprofane langu age,and the representation o fpoo rm oralrole m od els.

Television p rog ram s thatpo rtray v iolence are a param oun tcon ce rn forparents
no wadays.Rece ntresea rch h as sho wn thatchildren m ay commit ac ts ofviolence
beca use they wish to em ulate the behavior thatthey see on television. This is espec ially
true when v iolentac ts are committ ed by well-kno wn ac tion “heroes.” In add iti on,
television p rog ram s show
ca rtoon figu res,as well as ac tors,committi ng v iolentac ts.Using comi c situation s to
depictviolentthem es ca uses furtherprob lem s with the way in which young p eop le view
violence .
Television p rog ram s thatcon tain p rofane o rdisrespec tfullangu age also worry p arents
with young children. Beca use ce nsorship laws have relaxed ov erthe pastfew deca des,
it has bec om e very comm on fortelevision p rog ram s ofeac h and every k ind to sho w
charac ters exp ress ing im po lit e,rud e,and insulti ng u tterance s to on e ano ther.Bea ring
resem blance to the ca se ofpo rtrayals ofviolence ,children un fortun ately o ften try to
imit ate these ac tion s they watch on theirtelevision scree ns.
Finally, som e parents are up setabou tthe
m oralbehaviordepicted on television. As they strugg le to teac h theirchildren m oral
and ethica lvalues, p arents mi gh tdespairabou tthe lac k o fm orals and ethics
represented in som e ofthe so-ca lled role m od els on television. Forinstance ,ce rtain
charac ters no ton ly h ave no rem orse for theirimm oralac tion s, bu talso frequ ently go
unpun ished by largersociety.
Beca use ofthese fac tors,m any p arents b elieve thattelevision p rog ram s send their
you th the wrong k ind s ofm ess ages.The em ulation o fthis poo rbehaviorby their
children is som ething they wish to avo id atall costs,and they h ave acc ording ly
dec ided to b an television in their hou seho lds forthese rea son s.
Sam ple 13 0
Television has had a significantinfluence on the culture ofm any societies.To
w hatextentw ould yo u say thattelevision has positively or nega tively a ff ec ted the
cultural developm entofyo ursociety?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
m od elanswer:
Ithas bee n around forty y ea rs since television was firstintrodu ce d into Australian
hou seho lds and p eop le tod ay
still have mi xed v iews on whetherit has a po siti ve ora negative influence on the society.
M any p eop le believe thattelevision d am ages culture.Itprom otes the strong ercultures
ofcoun tries such as Britain and North Am erica and wea kens the cultures o fless wea lthy
coun tries.This is beca use the strong er,wea lthiercoun tries are able to ass erttheirown
culture by p rodu cing m ore prog ram s thatare sho wn widely around the world. These

prog ram s then influence peop le, p articularly young p eop le,in the coun tries where they
are sho wn.
Also, b eca use television n etworks nee d to attrac tlarge aud ience s to sec ure their
financialsurvival,they m ustprodu ce p rog ram s which are interesting to a broad rang e of
peop le.In Australia this rang e is
very b road b eca use we are a m ulti culturalsociety and p eop le ofall ages like to watch
television. To interestall these different p eop le,m osttelevision p rog ram s are sho rtin
leng th, full ofac tion and excitem ent, do no trequ ire m uch intelli gence or
kno wledg e to und erstand, and follow un iversalthem es comm on to all cultures,such as
lov e and crim e.Television p rog ram s which con ce ntrate on o rdevelop them es pertinent
to on e particularculture are no tso succe ss fulbeca use they interesta sm aller
aud ience .
Nevertheless we m uch ac kno wledg e thattelevision do es have som e po siti ve effec ts on
the cultures within a society as well.Peop le who do no tlive within theirown culture
ca n, in a limit ed way, acce ss itthrough the m ulti culturalstation on the television. For
exam ple,Abo riginal
children who h ave grown up in white famili es, o rmi grants and internation alstud ents
living in Australia,ca n watch p rog ram s from theirown culture on the television.
In con clusion, Iho ld the view thattelevision p rom otes and streng thens tho se cultures
thatare wea lthy and influentialwhile it wea kens the cultures thatare alrea dy in a
wea kened po siti on
Sam ple 13 1
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
W ithoutcapitalpun ishm ent(t he death penalty)ourlives are less sec ure and
cr im es ofviolence incre ase.Capital pun ishm entin ess entialto control
violence in society.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Before talking abou tthe ess entialrole of d ea th p enalty, you h ave to think abou tthe
m ea ning, and the pu rpo se, o fany k ind of pun ishm ent.If you con siderthatthe pu rpo se is
to p reventthe gu ilt y from being n asty again, you ca n b e sedu ce d by an argu m entation in
favou rofthe supp ress ion o fca pitalpun ishm ent.Butyou h ave to think abou tano ther
aspec tofthe prob lem :a pun ishm entis also u sefulto im press
peop le,to m ake them fea rthe law.In fac t,let's take the exam ple ofa young mi sfit,
which h as grown in a violentatm osph ere,influence d by o lderdelinqu ents,etc ... He lives
in the stree ts, h e's go tno aim bu tto survive.This is the kind o fperson who cou ld

po ss ibly k ill som eon e form on ey, or even forfun ... W hy wou ld h e fea rprison? Life wou ld
be ea sierforhim there.In add iti on, in m any ca ses,when you b ehave no rm ally, you ca n
benefit from penalty redu ction s.This young mi sfit nee ds to be im press ed, h e nee ds to
kno w thatthe law
is a fron tier.W hen you cross it, you ca n lose you rlife.Thatis why ca pital pun ishm ent
helps kee ping a distance b etwee n robb ery and m urder.If you abo lish it, you supp ress
the difference b etwee n these two typ es ofcrim e,which are com pletely d ifferent.
Butthere is also a limit to d efine:even if d ea th p enalty is un avo idable,it wou ld b e a
crim e to app ly it to inadequ ate ca ses.Ifthere is no p rem editation o rpastfac ts which
ca n justify such a pun ishm ent,it is fartoo strictto app ly d ea th p enalty. That
is why the lawm akers have to establish p rec isely the con textin which ca pital
pun ishm entca rbe pronoun ce d. Thatis the p rice to p ay to limit violence without
using exce ss ive violence .
Comm ent:
This is an answerwritt en by a ca nd idate who ac hieved a Band 8 score.Here is the
exami ner's comm ent:
This respon se is very fluentand wellexp ress ed in an app rop riate register. A rang e
ofrelevantiss ues is skilfully
presented and d iscuss ed. The argu m entis log ica lly d evelop ed and well organised. A
wide rang e ofstructures and vo ca bu lary are used app rop riately and acc urately with on ly
mi no rflaws.
Sam ple 13 2
"Father hoo d oughtto be em ph asised as m uch as m other hoo d.The idea that
w om en are solely re sponsible for dec iding w hether ornotto hav e babies leads on
to the idea thatthey a re also re sponsible forbringing the childre n up ."
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree or disag ree ?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
m od elanswer:
Ibelieve thatchild-rea ring shou ld b e the respon sibilit y o fbo th p arents and that,whilst
the roles within thatpartnership m ay b e different,they are nevertheless equ alin
im po rtance .In som e societies,it h as bee n m ade ea sierov erthe yea rs for sing le parents
to raise children on their o wn. However,this do es no tm ea n thatthe traditi on alfamil y,
with bo th p arents p rov iding em otion alsuppo rtand role-m od els fortheirchildren, is no t
the m ostsatisfac tory way o fbring ing up children. O fcrucialim po rtance ,in m y op inion, is

ho w we define 'respon sible forbring ing the children up '.Atits sim plest,it cou ld m ea n
giving the financialsuppo rt n ece ss ary to p rov ide a ho m e,food and clothes and
m aking sure the child is safe and rece ives an adequ ate edu ca tion. This wou ld b e the
basic definiti on.
There is, ho wever,ano therpo ss ible way of d efining thatpartofthe quo tation. Thatwou ld
say it is no tjustthe fathers respon sibilit y to p rov ide the basics forhis children, while his
wife invo lves herselfin the everyd ay ac tivity o fbring ing them up. Rather, h e shou ld
share tho se daily du ties,spend as m uch tim e as his job allows with h is children, p lay
with them ,rea d to them , h elp d irec tly with theiredu ca tion, p articipate very fully in their
lives and encou rage them to share his.
Itis this sec ond, fuller,con ce ptof
'fatherhood 'thatIam in favou rof,
although Ialso rea lise ho w difficult it is to ac hieve som etim es.The ec ono mi c and
em ploy m entsituation in m any coun tries m ea ns thatjob s are getti ng m ore, no tless ,
stress ful,requ iring long hou rs and p erhaps long jou rneys to work as well.Therefore it
m ay rem ain form any a desirable idea lratherthan an ac hievable rea lit y.
Sam ple 13 3
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
M illi ons ofpeople ever y y earm ov e to English-speaking coun tries such as
Australia, Britain orAm er ica, in orderto stud y a tschoo l,college orun iver sity.
W hy do so m any people w antto stud y in
English?
W hy is English such an im portantinter nationallanguag e?
Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er ..
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
Iam no tsurprise when Irea d in the n ewspapers thatm any p eop le m ov e to Eng lish
spea king coun tries.Iam an eng inee rin a proce ss con trolsince ten y ea rs and I
und erstand the nece ss ity of Eng lish langu age.Forexam ple,when I rea d tec hn ica l
Eng lish spec ifica tion s,when Im ee tJapanese Indu strials to bu ild tog ethersom e
elec tron ic m aterials or
when Igo on ho lidays in Italy where the b estway (form e)to comm un ica te is to spea k
Eng lish. Therefore,tod ay, it's n ece ss ary to lea rn Eng lish and the bestway is to study
in Eng lish as soon as po ss ible when we are atschoo lbu talso when we have a job. It's
so Im po rtantto comm un ica te with foreign ers, b eca use of
work. Forexam ple:to sea food s in USA,to bu ild elec tron ic ca rds with the Japanese,to
ob tain a ce rtifica tion with FDA (Am erica n o rganiza tion )in o rderto sell som e

ph arm ace utica lprodu cts.In fac t,jt's Im po rtantforeverybody, the workers,the v isitors,
the scientists,etc ...
These are the m ain rea son which exp lain why so m any p eop le go to Eng lish spea king
coun tries (the bestway to lea rn) and why Eng lish is such an Im po rtant Internation al
langu age (the
comm un ica tion b etwee n m any the peop le ov erthe world).
Comm ent:
This is an answerwritt en by a ca nd idate who ac hieved a Band 6 score.Here is the
exami ner's comm ent:
This respon se is und erleng th and is m arked do wn b eca use ofthis.O nly a few relevant
idea s are presented and these are u sed ratherrepetiti vely and are insufficiently
develop ed o rsuppo rted. However,the writi ng comm un ica tes fluently and a satisfac tory
rang e of structures and vo ca bu lary are used.
Sam ple 13 4
Som e gov er nm ents say how m any
childre n a fam ily can hare in theircoun try. They m ay controlthe nu m ber o f
childre n som eone has through tax es.
Itis som etim es nece ss ary a nd rightfora gov er nm entto controlthe popu lation in
this w ay.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ? Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
m od elanswer:
Itis ce rtainly v ery und erstand able that
som e gov ernm ents shou ld startlook ing atways oflimiti ng theirpopu lation s to a
sustainable figu re.In the past, popu lations were partly regu lated by frequ entwarand
widesprea d d isea se, bu tin rece ntyea rs the effec ts oftho se fac tors have bee n
dimi nished. Coun tries ca n b e face d with a popu lation thatis growing m uch fasterthan
she nation 's food resou rce s or em ploy m entoppo rtun iti es and who se m em bers ca n b e
cond em ned to pov erty by the nee d to fee d extra m ou ths.They identify popu lation con trol
as a'm ea ns to raising living stand ards.
Butho w shou ld it be ac hieved? Clea rly, this who le area is a very d elica te person aland
culturaliss ue.M any p eop le fee lthatthis is no ta m atterforthe state.They fee lthis is
on e area oflife where they h ave the righ tto m ake dec ision s forthem selves.

Forthatrea son, it wou ld see m thatthe b est.app roac h wou ld b e to work by p ersuasion
ratherthan com pu lsion This cou ld b e don e by a proce ss ofedu ca tion thatpo ints ou t
the way a sm allerfamil y ca n m ea n an im prov ed qu alit y o flife for the famil y m em bers,
as well as less strain on the coun try's perhaps very limit ed, resou rce s.
This is the preferr ed way. O fcou rse ifthis do cs no tsuccee d within a rea son able tim e
sca le,it m ay b e nece ss ary to con sider
otherm ea sures.such as tax ince ntives or child-benefit paym ents forsm all famili es
on ly. These are mi dway b etwee n p ersuasion and com pu lsion.
So. y es.it is som etim es nece ss ary, but gov ernm ents shou ld try v ery h ard to p ersuade
first.They shou ld also rem em berthatthis is a very d elica te area ind ee d, and
thatsocialeng inee ring ca n crea te as m any p rob lem s as it solves?
Sam ple 13 5
The m ass m edia, includ ing television,radio a nd new spaper s,hav e gre at
influence in shaping people's ideas.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this statem ent?
Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
The m ass m edia have a po werfulinfluence in shaping ou rlives.We have com e to
depend on them forinform ation and entertainm ent,and in do ing so we letthem affec t
im po rtantaspec ts ofou rlives.
The und eniable usefulness ofthe m edia in alm ostinstantly p rov iding inform ation abou t
events around the world is largely taken forgranted. Butin ou rdepend ence on the
m edia we have allowed them to m ou ld ou rno tion s and op inion s ofevents, p lace s and
peop le.Though few ofus p rob ably think abou tit,ou rcon ce ptions o f,say, ou relec ted
officials spring from television im ages and n ewspaperstories.M ostofus will never
m ee tprim e mi nisters orpresidents, bu tanyon e who is regu larly expo sed to the m edia
will have
an op inion o fthem .W hen it is tim e to ca st ou rvo te,we will m ake ou rdec ision b ased on
ho w the m edia po rtray the ca nd idates.We are simil arly swayed by cov erage of wars.
The m edia,representing the values
oftheirowners,societies and gov ernm ents,tend to repo rtwars with a b ias;which is
the 'good 'side and which
the 'bad'is determi ned forus by repo rters,editors and comm entators,and sure enough
the pub lic begins to form op inions
thatreflec tthe cov erage they see , h ea rand rea d in the m ajorm edia.
The m edia are also influentialin the way they fac ilit ate the sprea d o fculture and
lifestyle.The so-ca lled 'glob alyou th culture',in which on e find s young p eop le around
the world d isplaying a comm on interestin m usic,clothing styles and film s,is an
exam ple ofthe m edia's

eno rm ou s sway in this regard. A popu larfigu re such as M ichae lJac kson wou ld n everbe
so well kno wn were it no tforthe m edia's extensive reac h into every society on the
glob e.
Thu s Iwou ld argu e thatthe m ass m edia's influence is ce rtainly g rea t.Ind ee d, with
tec hno log ica ladv ance m ents such as the Internetbring ing even m ore form s of
elec tron ic m edia to ou rho m es and workp lace s,it is likely the m edia's influence will
grow even strong er.
Sam ple 13 6
The rising levels ofcongestion and airpollution found in m ostofthe w orld's
cities can be attribu ted direc tly to the rapidly incre asing nu m ber ofpriva te
cars in use.In order to re ver se this dec line in the qu ality o flife in cities,
att em pts m ustbe m ade to encourage people to use theircars less and pub lic
transportm ore .
Discuss poss ible w ay s to encourag e the use ofpub lic transport.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Anyon e who lives in a city is aware ofthe increa sing nu m berofca rs on the road and
the kind s ofprob lem s this crea tes:traffic jam s,airpo llution and long ercomm uting
period s.As ec ono mi es grow and acce ss to ca rs sprea ds to increa sing nu m bers of
peop le,this trend is likely to worsen. The solution, it wou ld see m ,is for gov ernrnm ent
to encou rage the use of pub lic transpo rtin u rban area s,thus d ec rea sing d epend ence
on the ca r.
O ne way to stim ulate pub lic transpo rtuse is to m ake private ca ruse m ore exp ensive
and inconv enient.The introdu ction o ftolls along u rban m otorways has bee n succe ss fully
em ploy ed in m any citi es.O thersuch m ea sures are high -price d p ermit s forparking in
urban area s and the restriction o fparking to a limit ed nu m ber o fca rs.Face d with h igh
costs orno p lac e to p ark, comm uters wou ld p erhaps be
m ore willi ng to abandon theirca rs in
favou rofbu ses ortrains.
There are also less pun ishing ways of spu rring pub lic transpo rtuse.The con struction o f
free ca rparks atsubu rban train station s has prov en succe ss fulin qu ite a nu m berof
coun tries.This allows comm uters to d rive partofthe way, but take pub lic transpo rtinto
the ce ntral,m ostcong ested, u rban area s.
Ind ee d, m aking pub lic transpo rtm ore com fortable and conv enientshou ld work to
attrac tm ore comm uters and d ec rea se traffic cong estion. Pub lic transpo rtthatis
conv enientand com fortable retains its p ass eng ers,m uch like any bu siness that

satisfies its custom ers.The m ore comm uters committ ed to taking pub lic transpo rt,the
less cong estion on city stree ts.
Sam ple 13 7
'Telec omm uting're fer s to w orker s doing theirjobs from hom e forpartof each
w ee k and comm un icating w ith theiroffice using com pu ter tec hn ology.
Telec omm uting is grow ing in m any coun tries and is expec ted to be comm on for
m ostoffice w orker s in the com ing dec ades.
H ow do yo u think society w ill be a ffec ted by the grow th of
telec omm uting?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
Allow yo urself40 m inu tes forthis task.
m od elanswer:
The sprea d o ftelec omm uting is sure to h ave far-reac hing effec ts on society. By itself,
telec omm uting refers to o ffiice workers spend ing m uch o ftheirtim e working from ho m e
and u sing elec tron ic tec hno log ies to comm un ica te with theirem ploy ers.The broader
im plica tion s of telec omm uting, ho wever,m ay invo lve chang es to corpo rate structure,
workers'lifestyles and even u rban p lann ing.
The m ostobv iou s chang es m ay be app arentin the `no rm al'office s of com panies,
gov ernm ents and o ther o rganisation s.If even h alfthe working wee k is spent
telec omm uting from ho m e,then we wou ld initi ally exp ec tm any
em pty d esks in the offiice .As office s grow sm aller,workers comi ng in forthe day wou ld
be exp ec ted to share desks with
theirabsentcollea gu es.This,in turn, m ay affec tthe socialatm osph ere ofan
organisation, ho wever,as less socialcon tac twith on e's collea gu es cou ld h arm m orale
and loy alty.
Forthe ind ividu aloffice worker,telec omm uting wou ld m ea n spend ing m ore tim e at
ho m e.Fora parentwith young children, this m ay b e a bless ing. M oreov er,m any
telec omm uters wou ld be
able to work the hou rs they wished:having a nap in the afternrnoon, forexam ple, but
working som e hou rs in the evening. O ne sub stantialbenefit forall telec omm uting
workers is thatthere will be no n ee d to travelto work, allowing m ore free tim e.The
structure ofurban life is also likely to
be affec ted by telec omm uting. We wou ld exp ec tto see fewerca rs on the road du ring
pea k hou rs and, eventually, a sm allercon ce ntration o foffiice s in citi es'ce ntral bu siness
districts.In sho rt, p eop le will h ave less rea son to travelto city ce ntres from ou tlying
area s.As m ore peop le work and live in the sam e loca tion, shop s and culturalevents will
likely reloca te them selves ou tofthe city ce ntre.
In sum ,telec omm uting will serve no ton ly to chang e the way we work bu talso the way
we live.
Sam ple 13 8

M any people believe thatw om en m ake bett er pare nts than m en and thatthis is
w hy they hav e the gre ater role in raising
childre n in m ostsocieties.O ther s claim thatm en are justas goo d as w om en at
pare nting.
W rite an ess ay expre sing yo urpointof v iew .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
The view thatwom en are betterparents than m en h as sho wn itselfto b e true
throughou thistory. This is no tto say thatm en are no tofim po rtance in child-
rea ring ind ee d, they are m ostnece ss ary ifchildren are to app rec iate fully the roles of
bo th sexes.Butwom en h ave prov en them selves sup eriorparents as a result of their
cond iti on ing, theirless agg ress ive n atures and theirgenerally b ettercomm un ica tion
skill s.
From the tim e they are littl e girls,fem ales lea rn abou tnu rturing. Firstwith do lls and
laterperhaps with young erbrothers and sisters, g irls are given the role ofca rer.G irls
see theirm others in the sam e roles and so it is naturalthatthey identify this
as a fem ale ac tivity. Boy s,in con trast,lea rn com petiti ve roles farrem ov ed from whatit
m ea ns to nu rture.W hile boy s m ay d rea m ofadv entures, g irls'cond iti on ing m ea ns they
tend to see the future in term s o fraising famili es.
G irls also app ea rto b e less agg ress ive than
boy s.In adu lthood, it is m en, no twom en, who p rov e to b e the agg ress ors in crim e and
in war.O bv iou sly, in raising children,
a m ore patient, g entle m ann eris preferable to a m ore agg ress ive on e.Although there
ce rtainly existgentle m en and agg ress ive wom en, by and large,fem ales are less likely
to resortto v iolence in attem pting to solve prob lem s.
Finally, wom en tend to b e bettercomm un ica tors than m en. This is sho wn is intelli gence
tests,where fem ales, on average, do b etterin v erbal
comm un ica tion than m ales.O fcou rse,comm un ica tion is ofutm ostim po rtance in
rea ring children, as children tend to lea rn from and adop tthe comm un ica tion styles o f
theirparents.
Thu s,while it is all very well to sugg esta g rea terrole form en in raising children, let
us no tforgetthatwom en are generally b ettersuited to the parenting role.
Sam ple 13 9
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.

In som e coun tries the av er ag e w orker is o bliged to re tire atthe ag e of50, w hile in
other s people can w ork un til they a re
65 o r70. Me anw hile,w e see som e politicians enjoy ing pow er w ell into their
eighties.Clearly, there is little
ag ree m enton an app ropriate re tire m ent ag e.
Until w hatag e do yo u think people should be encourag ed to re m ain in paid
em ploy m ent?
Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
M and atory retirem entage varies from society to society, p erhaps a reflec tion of
ec ono mi cs, popu lation p ress ures orsim ply v alue system s.Ind ee d, retirem entat50
ca n p rob ably b e as ea sily justified as thatat70. Itis m y b elief, ho wever,thatthe
long eran able person is allowed to work, the betterforbo th the ind ividu alworkerand
the em ploy er.
Chrono log ica lage is no talways a true ind ica torofabilit y. W hile som e 65 ¬ yea r-olds
m ay no tperform as well as they d id
in theirpast,m any workers atthis age do justas well orbetterthan they u sed to.
Peop le's suitabilit y fora po siti on shou ld b e a reflec tion o ftheirperform ance in the job,
ratherthan the nu m berofwrink les or g rey h airs they h ave.Em ploy ers con ce rned abou t
the increa sing age oftheir
em ploy ee s nee d on ly ob serve theirwork rec ords.Tho se do ing poo rly m ay b e asked to
retire, bu ttho se as yetun affec ted by age shou ld stay on. Ind ee d, it wou ld app ea r
ec ono mi ca lforan o rganisation to retain
its olderem ploy ee s when po ss ible ratherthan spend tim e and m on ey on training n ew
workers.
Rem aining in on e's job foras long as one is able m akes sense as life exp ec tancies
increa se around the world. As peop le live long er,they are long erable to con tribu te
to society in the form ofm ea ning fulwork. Butthey are also in n ee d o fincom e fora
long erperiod, so a m and atory retirem ent
age of55 forsom eon e who is statistica lly likely to live to 77 b ec om es increa sing ly
difficult to justify. Ata tim e when popu lation s are ageing, gov ernm ents are less able to
prov ide fortheirsenior citi ze ns,so by k ee ping able workers in p aid em ploy m entforas
long as is p rac tica ble, pub lic exp end itures are less strained.
Thu s,workers who ca n still dem on strate theirca pac ity to ca rry ou ttheirwork shou ld no t
be asked to retire sim ply b eca use they h ave reac hed a ce rtain age.Societies thatinsist
on ea rly retirem ent m ay do well to look again attheirpo licies.
Sam ple 14 0
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this
task.

G oing ov er seas forun iver sity stud y is a n exciting prospec tform any people.But
w hile itm ay o ff er som e adva ntag es,itis probably bett er to stay hom e bec ause of
the difficulties a stud entinevitably encoun ter s living a nd stud ying in a diff ere nt
culture .
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this statem ent?
Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er .
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
There is no doub tthatgo ing to study in a
foreign coun try, with its different langu age and culture,ca n b e a frustrating and
som etim es painfulexp erience .But while ov ersea s study h as its drawbac ks,the
difficulti es are farou tweigh ed by the adv antages.Ind ee d, p eop le who go abroad for
study op en them selves up to exp erience s thattho se who stay atho m e will neverhave.
The m ostobv iou s adv antage to ov ersea s un iversity study is rea l-life use ofa d ifferent
langu age.W hile a person ca n study a foreign langu age in h is orherown coun try, it
ca nno tcom pare with con stant u se ofthe langu age in aca demi c and everyd ay life.There
is no b etter oppo rtun ity to im prov e sec ond -langu age skill s than living in the coun try in
which itis spok en. M oreov er, h aving u sed the langu age du ring on e's stud ies offers a
distinctadv antage when on e is app lying forjob s bac k ho m e thatrequ ire the
langu age.
O n a un iversity ca m pu s,the foreign stud entis no talon e in h aving com e from faraway.
He orshe will likely encoun term any o thers from ov ersea s and it is po ss ible to m ake
friend s from all around the world. This is no ton ly exciti ng on a sociallevel, bu tcou ld
lea d to im po rtant ov ersea s con tac ts in laterprofess ion allife.Finally, living and study ing
abroad o ffers on e a new and d ifferentperspec tive ofthe world and, p erhaps m ost
im po rtant, of on e's own coun try. O nce beyond the initi alsho ck o fbeing in a new culture,
the
stud entslowly b egins to g eta m ea ning ful und erstand ing o fthe ho stsociety. O n
returning ho m e, on e inevitably see s on e's o wn coun try in a new, o ften m ore
app rec iative,ligh t.
In con clusion, while any anx iety about go ing ov ersea s forun iversity study is ce rtainly
und erstand able,it is im po rtantto rem em berthatthe benefits offered by the exp erience
m ake it well worthwhile.
(301 words)
Sam ple 14 1

In the past,bu ildings oft en re flec ted the culture ofa society bu ttoday a ll m oder n
bu ildings loo k alike and cities throughoutthe w orld are bec om ing
m ore and m ore sim ilar.
W hatdo yo u think is the re ason forthis, a nd is ita goo d thing o ra bad thing?
You should w rite atleast250
w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should use yo urow n ideas,kn ow ledge and exper ience and supp ort
yo urargum ents w ith exa m ples and re leva ntevidence .
m od elanswer:
Every city h as its architec turalcharac ter, bu tthe simil ariti es betwee n citi es are m ore
obv iou s these days than in the past.In m y op inion, on e rea son forthis is the h igh p rice
ofland.
In m ostlarge citi es,land is sca rce and
con sequ ently it is very v aluable.This has led to the con struction o ftall bu ildings which
occ upy on ly a sm all area ofland while prov iding lots offloo rspace where p eop le ca n
live orwork. Building s ofthis typ e are m ade ofcon crete and stee land ca n b e bu ilt
com paratively qu ickly u sing p refabrica ted m aterials.They do no tuse loca lm aterials,
such as ston e,tim beror b rick, which u sed to g ive citi es their
ind ividu alcharac ter.In con sequ ence m any citi es. no w look v ery m uch the sam e and you
mi gh tno tkno w whetheryou were in Brisbane,Bangkok o rBerlin when you are on the
stree t.
W hile Irea lise thatwe ca nno tstand in the way o fprog ress ,Ibelieve thatciti es shou ld
try to k ee p som e ind ividu alit y. For exam ple,in Paris it is proh ibited to bu ild
very tall bu ilding s in the ce ntre ofthe city,
as this wou ld spo il the ov erall app ea rance o fthe sky line.O therciti es have cho sen to
design un iqu e bu ilding s to ensure they look d ifferent.The twin towers in Kuala Lum pu r
orthe O pera Hou se in Sydn ey are exam ples ofthis app roac h, and Iagree with this kind
ofiniti ative.
All in all,although it is regrettable thatm od em citi es look simil ar,Itend to fee lthatthis
is un avo idable.However,it ca n b e argu ed that,even ifthe bu ilding s are simil ar,citi es
will m aintain theirown charac teras a result ofculturaldiversity, the terrain and the
clim ate,which u ltim ately d etermi ne ho w peop le live.
Sam ple 14 2
Popu larevents like the foo tball Wo rld

Cup and other inter nationalsporting o cc asions are ess entialin easing
inter nationaltensions and re leasing patriotic em otions in a safe w ay.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .
m od elanswer:
Every fou ryea rs,the who le world stop s to watch internation alspo rting events such as
the O lym pics and the Foo tball W orld Cup in which athletes sho w theirbest
perform ance to m ake theircoun try p roud o fthem .These spo rting o cca sion s have
prov ed to b e helpfulin ea sing internation altension s in d ifficult tim es when po werful
lea ders were trying to con trolthe world's ec ono m y and o ther gov ernm ents were
figh ting ov erland.
The O lym pic G am es are on e ofthe bestexam ples which p rov e ho w spo rting events ca n
bring n ation s tog ether,atlea sttem po rarily. From ancientHistory, when G ree ks and
Rom ans wou ld interr upt
battl es to p articipate in the gam es,to the m ore rece ntinternation aldispu tes,when
athletes from Palestine and Israe lwou ld forgettheirdifference s,com pete p ac ifica lly
and even em brace eac h o therafteran event.M oreov er,these popu lar
events have ca lled the world's attention to the terrible con sequ ence s ofwars;thus
som e lea ders have tried to acce pt agree m ents to end theirdispu te and live p eace fully.
Simil arly, internation alspo rting events sho w benefits in som e develop ing coun tries
which live in a daily internalcivil war.Forexam ple,Braz il has a high rate of
un em ploy m ent,lac k o fedu ca tion, hung er,crim e, pov erty and corrup tion
which lea ds to an imm ense em barrass m ent o fbeing Braz ili an and a low self-estee m .
However,when the Foo tball W orld Cup starts,the Braz ili an squ ad, which is con sidered
the besttea m in the world, p rovok es an am az ing fee ling ofpride in theircoun try. M ost
peop le see m to forgetall theirprob lem s and even the crimi nal
ac tivity d ec rea ses.They p aintroads with the nation alcolors, u se wea rthe Braz ili an
tea m shirtand buy n ation alflags.M oreov er,the com petiti on b ring s famili es and
neighbo rs tog etherand even rival g ang s watch the gam es and ce lebrate p eace fully.
In con clusion, popu larspo rting events p lay an im po rtantrole in d ec rea sing
internation altension s and liberating p atriotic fee ling s as History h as sho wn.
Sam ple 14 3
As com pu ter s are being used m ore and m ore in edu cation,there w ill be soo n no
role forteacher s in the class roo m .

You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .
m od elanswer:
There have bee n imm ense adv ance s in tec hno logy in m ostaspec ts ofpeop le's lives,
espec ially in the field o fedu ca tion. Nowadays,an increa sing nu m berof stud ents rely on
com pu ters to resea rch for inform ation and to p rodu ce a perfec tpaperforschoo l
pu rpo ses.O thers have dec ided
to lea ve the originalway o flea rning to g et kno wledg e through on line schoo ls.These
chang es in the lea rning p roce ss have b rough ta spec ialcon ce rn regarding the
po ss ible dec rea se ofim po rtance of teac hers in the class roo m .
Som e peop le believe the role ofteac hers started to fade beca use com pu ters have b ee n
helping som e stud ents to p rog ress in theirstud ies qu ickerthan when com pared with an
originalclass roo m .Forexam ple,in the sam e class roo m ,stud ents have d ifferent
intellec tualca pac iti es,thu s som e wou ld b e tied to a slow adv ance in theirstud ies
beca use ofothers’inca pac ity of und erstand ing. In this way, pup ils cou ld p rog ress in
theirac qu isiti on o fkno wledge attheirown p ace using com pu ters instea d o flea rning
from teac hers.
However,the presence ofa teac heris ess entialforstud ents beca use the hu m an
con tac tinfluence s them in po siti ve ways.
Firstly, stud ents rea lize thatthey are not d ea ling with a m ac hine bu twith a hu m an b eing
who d eserves attention and respec t.They also lea rn the im po rtance ofstudy ing in g roup
and respec totherstud ents,which h elps them to im prov e theirsocialskill s.M oreov er,
teac hers are requ ired in the lea rning p roce ss beca use they
ac kno wledg e som e stud ent's deficiencies and h elp them to solve theirprob lem s by
repea ting the sam e exp lanation, g iving extra exercises oreven sugg esting a p rivate
tutor.Hence ,stud ents ca n h ave a b igg erchance no tto fail in a sub jec t.
In con clusion, the role forteac hers in the lea rning p roce ss is still very im po rtantand it
will con tinu e to b e in the future beca use no m ac hine ca n replace the hu m an interac tion
and its con sequ ence s.
Sam ple 14 4
Ithas bee n said,"Notever ything thatis learned is contained in boo ks." Com pare
and contrastkn ow ledge ga ined from exper ience w ith kn ow ledge ga ined from
boo ks.
In yo uropinion,w hich source is m ore im portant? W hy?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.

You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience
m od elanswer:
"Exp erience is the bestteac her"is an o ld cliché, bu tIagree with it.We ca n lea rn a lotof
im po rtantthing s from book s, bu tthe m ostim po rtantless on s in life com e from ou rown
exp erience s.Throughou tthe d ifferentstages oflife,from prim ary schoo lto un iversity to
adu lthood, exp erience teac hes us m any skill s we nee d forlife.
As children in p rim ary schoo l,we lea rn fac ts and inform ation from book s, bu tthatis no t
all we lea rn in schoo l.O n the p layg round we lea rn ho w to m ake friend s.In ou rclass
work, we lea rn ho w it fee ls to succee d and whatwe do when we fail.W e startto lea rn
abou tthe thing s we like to do
and the thing s we don 't.We don 'tlea rn these thing s from book s, bu tfrom our
exp erience s with ou rfriend s and class m ates.
In ou run iversity class es,we lea rn a lotof inform ation and skill s we will nee d forour
future ca ree rs, bu twe also lea rn a lotthat
is no tin ou rtextbook s.In ou rdaily lives bo th in class and ou tofclass ,we lea rn to m ake
dec ision s forou rselves.We lea rn to take on respon sibiliti es.We lea rn to g etalong with
ou rclass m ates, ou rroo mm ates,and ou rworkm ates.O ursucce ss es and failures help u s
develop skill s we will
nee d in ou radu lt lives.They are skill s that no book ca n teac h u s.
Throughou tou radu lthood, exp erience rem ains a con stantteac her.We m ay con tinu e
to rea d o rtake class es for p rofess ion aldevelop m ent.However, our
exp erience s atwork, atho m e,and with our friend s teac h u s m ore.The trium ph s and
disasters ofou rlives teac h u s ho w to im prov e ou rca ree rs and also ho w to im prov e ou r
relation ships and ho w to be the person eac h on e ofus wants to b e.Book s teac h u s a lot,
bu tthere is a limit to whatthey teac h. They ca n g ive us inform ation o rsho w us ano ther
person 's exp erience s.These are valuable thing s, but the less on s we lea rn from ou rown
exp erience s,from childhood through adu lthood, are the m ostim po rtanton es we lea rn.
Sam ple 14 5
Now aday s foo d has bec om e easier to pre pare .H as this change im prov ed the
w ay people live?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .

m od elanswer:
Food is a basic partoflife,so it follows thatim prov ed m ethod s offood p reparation h ave
m ade ou rlives better.Nowadays we ca n p repare m ea ls m uch fasterthan we cou ld in
the past.We ca n also enjoy a
grea tervariety o ffood and ea tm ore h ea lthfully, all beca use ofm od ern m ethod s
offood p reparation.
M icrowave ov ens have m ade it po ss ible to p repare deliciou s food qu ickly. Peop le these
days rarely h ave tim e to shop and p repare m ea ls the old-fashion ed way. W e live very
fastlives.We are bu sy working, ca ring forou rfamili es travelli ng, p laying spo rts,and
m any o therthing s.Beca use of mi crowave ov ens,we have tim e to enjoy a good m ea l
with ou rfamil y and then p lay socce r, go to a m ov ie,study, o rdo any thing else we want
to afterwards.M od ern m ethod s ofpreserving food h ave m ade it po ss ible to enjoy a wide
variety of food. Beca use ofrefrigerators,freeze rs,ca nn ing, and freeze -drying, we ca n
ea tfruits and v egetables thatcom e from faraway p lace s.We ca n p repare a m ea lone
day and save the leftov ers in the refrigeratororfreeze rto ea tatano thertim e.We ca n
kee p d ifferentkind s offood in the refrigeratororon the shelf.Its ea sy to always have
food available and to be able to ea tcom pletely d ifferentm ea ls every d ay.
Hea lthfulea ting is ea sierno w than it everwas.Beca use ofm od ern transpo rtation
m ethod s,fresh fruits and v egetables are available all yea rround. M od ern k itchen
app liance s m ake it ea sy to p repare fruits and v egetables fro cook ing. Brea d m ac hines
m ake it po ss ible to enjoy h ea lthful, ho m e-baked b rea d wheneverwe like.We ca n ea t
fresh and h ea lthfulfood everyd ay b eca use m od ern m ethod s have m ade preparation
ea sy.
O urlifestyle is fast, bu tpeop le still like
good food. New food p reparation m ethods h ave given u s is m ore cho ice s.Tod ay we ca n
prepare food thatis m ore conv enient h ea lthier,and o fgrea tervariety than ever b efore
in h istory.
Sam ple 14 6
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith the follow ing statem ent?
Pare nts are the bestteacher s.Use spec ific re asons and exa m ples to
supp ortyo uransw er .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur
answ er using yo urow n ideas and exper ience .
m od elanswer:

Parents shape theirchildren from the b eginn ing o ftheirchildren's lives.They teac h
theirchildren v alues.They share theirinterests with them .They d evelop close
em otion alties with them .Parents ca n b e very im po rtantteac hers in theirchildren's
lives;ho wever,they are not always the bestteac hers.
Parents m ay b e too close to theirchildren em otion ally. Forexam ple,they m ay limi ta
child's free do m in the nam e ofsafety. A teac herm ay o rganize an edu ca tion altrip
to a big city, bu ta parentm ay think this trip is too d ang erou s.A schoo lm ay want to
take the children ca m ping, bu ta parent m ay b e afraid o fthe child g etti ng hu rt.Ano ther
prob lem is thatparents
som etim es exp ec ttheirchildren's interests to b e simil arto theirown. If the parents lov e
science ,they m ay try to force theirchild to lov e science too. Butwhatifthe child p refers
art? If the parents enjoy spo rts,they m ay exp ec ttheirchild to p articipate on d ifferent
tea m s.Butwhatifthe child p refers to rea d?
Parents wantto p ass on theirvalues to theirchildren. However,thing s chang e.The
children o ftod ay are growing up in a world d ifferentfrom theirparents'world.
Som etim es parents,espec ially o lderon es,ca n'tkee p up with rapid socialor
tec hno log ica lchang es.A stud entwho h as
friend s ofdifferentrace s atschoo lm ay find thathis parents have narr owerviews.A
stud entwho lov es com pu ters m ay find thatherparents don 'tund erstand o rvalue the
digitalrevo lution.
Parents are im po rtantteac hers in ou rlives, bu tthey aren'talways the bestteac hers.
Fortun ately, we have m any teac hers in our lives.O urparents teac h u s, ou rteac hers
teac h u s,and we lea rn from ou rpee rs.Book s and n ewspapers also teac h u s.All
ofthem are valuable.
Sam ple 14 7
People attend college orun iver sity for m any deff ere ntre asons (f orexa m ple,
new exper ience s,career pre paration,incre ased kn ow ledge).
W hy do yo u think people attend college o run iver sity?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .
m od elanswer:
Peop le attend college fora lotofdifferent rea son s.Ibelieve thatthe three m ost
comm on rea son s are to p repare fora ca ree r,to h ave new exp erience s,and to

increa se theirkno wledg e ofthem selves and o fthe world around them .
Caree rpreparation is prob ably the prim ary rea son thatpeop le attend college.These
days,the job m arketis very com petiti ve.Caree rs such as inform ation tec hno logy will
nee d m any n ew workers in the nea rfuture.Atcollege,stud ents ca n lea rn n ew skill s for
these ca ree rs and increa se their oppo rtun iti es forthe future.
Stud ents also go to college to h ave new exp erience s.Form any, it is theirfirsttim e
away from ho m e.Atcollege,they ca n
m ee tnew peop le from m any d ifferent p lace s.They ca n see whatlife is like in a d ifferent
city. They ca n lea rn to live on theirown and take ca re ofthem selves withou thaving their
famil y always nea rby. Atcollege,stud ents have the oppo rtun ity
to increa se theirkno wledg e.As they
dec ide whatthey wantto study, pu rsue theirstud ies,and interac twith theirclass m ates,
they lea rn a lotabout them selves.They also, o fcou rse, h ave the oppo rtun ity to lea rn
abou tm any sub jec ts in theirclass es.In add iti on to the skill s and kno wledg e related to
theirca ree r,college stud ents also h ave the chance to take class es in o therarea s.For
m any, this will be theirlastchance to study d ifferent sub jec ts.
Colleges offerm uch m ore than ca ree r p reparation. They o fferthe oppo rtun ity to h ave
new exp erience s and to lea rn m any k ind s ofthing s.Ithink all ofthese are rea son s why
peop le attend college.
Sam ple 14 8
The position ofw om en in society has changed m arkedly in the lasttw enty y ears.
M any o fthe problem s yo un g people now exper ience ,such as juvenile delinqu ency,
arise from the factthat m any m arr ied w om en now w ork and are notathom e to care
fortheirchildre n.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e w ith this opinion?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .
m od elanswer:
Itis ce rtainly true thatthe po siti on of wom en in society h as und ergon e a d ram atic
chang e in the pasttwenty y ea rs bu tIdo no tfee lthatthis is a direc tca use o fthe
ind ispu table increa se in juv enile-related p rob lem s du ring this period.
Itis no w acce pted thatyoung wom en shou ld find work on lea ving schoo l;ind ee d to rely
totally on theirparents'financialsuppo rtis no long eran op tion in m any famili es.
Likewise, on ce they g etm arried, the m ajority o fwom en con tinue working since the
financialpress ures of setti ng up a hou se and establishing a
rea son able stand ard o fliving o ften requ ire two incom es.
Twenty y ea rs ago it was comm on for wom en to g ive up work on ce they h ad children
and d evo te theirtim e to ca ring fortheirchildren. This is no long erthe g eneralrule
and the prov ision of

profess ion ally-run child ca re fac iliti es and d ay nu rseries have rem ov ed m uch o fthe
respon sibilit y forchild rea ring thatused to fall to m others.However,these fac iliti es
com e ata costand o ften requ ire two salaries comi ng into a famil y to be afforded.
Ido no tbelieve thatthe increa se in the nu m berofworking m others has resulted in
children b eing b rough tup less well than p reviou sly. Ind ee d it cou ld b e argu ed that by
giving m others the oppo rtun ity to work and ea rn extra m on ey children ca n be
betterprov ided forthan p reviou sly. There is m ore m on ey forluxu ries and ho lidays
and a m ore sec ure famil y life is po ss ible.O fcou rse there are limit s as to the am ount o f
tim e thatidea lly shou ld b e spentaway from ho m e and the idea lsce nario wou ld
be foron e ofthe parents (often the wife)to h ave a part-tim e job and thu s be
available fortheirchildren b efore and afterschoo l.Itis im po rtantto establish the
correc tbalance betwee n famil y life and working life.
Sam ple 14 9
You shou ld spend abou t40 mi nu tes on this task.
"Pre vention is better than cure ."
O utofa coun try's health bud get, a large proportion should be diver ted from
tre atm entto spend ing o n health
edu cation and pre ventative m easure s.To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree ordisag re e
w ith this statem ent?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
m od elanswer:
O fcou rse it go es withou tsaying that p revention is betterthan cure.Thatis why, in
rece ntyea rs,there has bee n a growing body o fop inion in favou rofpu tti ng m ore
resou rce s into h ea lth edu ca tion and p reventive m ea sures.The argu m entis that
igno rance of,forexam ple, b asic hyg iene
orthe dang ers ofan unh ea lthy d ietor lifestyle nee ds to be com batted by spec ial
nation wide pub licity ca m paign s,as well as
long er-term hea lth edu ca tion. O bv iou sly, there is a strong hu m an argu m entforca tching
any m edica lcond iti on as ea rly as po ss ible.There is also an ec ono mi c argu m entfor
do ing so. Statistics dem on strate the cost-effec tiveness oftrea ting a cond iti on in the
ea rly stages,ratherthan d elaying un tilm ore exp ensive and p rolong ed trea tm ent
is nece ss ary. Then there are socialor ec ono mi c costs, p erhaps in term s ofloss o f
ea rning s forthe famil y con ce rned or un em ploy ed b enefit paid by the state.
So farso good, bu tthe difficulti es startwhen we try to d efine whatthe 'propo rtion' o fthe
budg etshou ld b e, p articularly ifthe fund s will be 'diverted from trea tm ent'.Dec ision s on
exac tly ho w m uch o fthe
totalhea lth budg etshou ld b e spentin this way are no ta m atterforthe non -spec ialist,

bu tshou ld b e m ade on the basis ofan acce pted h ea lth service m od el.
This is the po intatwhich rea lprob lem s o cc ur-the form ulation o fthe m od el.How do we
acc urately m ea sure which h ea lth edu ca tion ca m paign s are effec tive in bo th m edica l
and financialterm s? How do we agree abou tthe m edica lefficac y of
variou s scree ning p rog ramm es,for exam ple,when the m edica lestablishm ent itself
do es no tagree? A very rigo rous p roce ss ofevaluation is ca lled for,so thatwe ca n
m ake inform ed d ec ision s.
Sam ple 15 0
M ostw riter s offiction do notearn enough m oney to live from theirw riting. Do yo u
think the gov er nm entshould
give them financialass istance to help encourag e goo d liter ature ?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .
m od elanswer:
There are som e cond iti on s und erwhich a nov elistcou ld rea son ably exp ec tsom e
gov ernm entsupo rt.In g eneralterm s,ifthe writerhas alrea dy p rov ed thathe orshe
ca n write well,and ifthe stories produ ce d are stim ulating and interesting, then I
con siderthatsom e financialhelp mi gh tbe g iven.
Langu age qu alit y is difficult to d efine, but ifthe writi ng sho ws,forexam ple, good
gramm ar,a wide vo ca bu lary, and elegance and im agination, then Ica n see a valid
rea son forass isting an autho rto spend som e tim e free from m on ey p rob lem s.Such a
writi ng n ee ds to b e encou raged. the entertainm entvalue ofa book wou ld be also a
fac torin d ec iding whetherto
prov ide ass istance to an autho r.Furthercon sideration wou ld includ e socialand
edu ca tion alvalues exp ress ed in the autho r's work.
However,ifthe idea s were socially
irr espon sible, o rifthe stories con tain unn ece ss ary v iolence orpo rnog raphy for its own
sake,then Iwou ld no twantto see
the autho rspon sored to write stories which do no tbenefit society. O therexce ptions
are the m any writers ofgood book s who
do no trequ ire financialhelp. Book s which p rov ed to b e extrem ely popu lar,such as

the Harr y Potterstories,clea rly n ee d no sub sidy atall beca use the autho rs have
bec om e rich through theirwriti ng.
Views on whatgood qu alit y writi ng m ea ns will vary widely, and so ifany autho ris to b e
given m on ey forwriti ng, then the d ec ision wou ld h ave to b e m ade by a committ ee or
panelofjudg e.An
ind ividu alop inion wou ld ce rtainly ca use d isagree m entam ong the rea ding pub lic.
Sam ple 15 1
Inter nationalenter tainer s,includ ing sports per sonalities, o ft en get
paid m illi ons ofdollars in one year.
In yo urview ,w ith w idespre ad pver ty in the w orld, a re these hu ge earnings
justified?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
You should give re asons foryo ur a nsw er using yo urow n ideas and
exper ience .
m od elanswer:
The salaries ofm any sing ers, d ance rs and spo rts peop le have increa sed ou tofall
propo rtion in rece ntyea rs,while in p lace s like Sud an p eop le are starving to d ea th. I do
no tbeleive thatanyon e shou ld b e able to ea rn such eno rm ou s salaries whan so m any
peop le in the world are living in pov erty.
O ne afthe fac tors which shou ld affec twhata person ca n ea rn ough tto b e the
benefit ofperson 's work to society. Itis un rea son able fora fam ou s sing erto be able
to ea rn farm ore from an evening 's
entertainm entthan, forinstance ,a m edica lscientistwho d evelop s a new drug which
produ ce s a trea tm entfora comm on d isea se.The pop starce rtainly h as a value
in society, bu tthe value in no way
excee ds, o reven m atches,the value gained from a succe ss fulm edica tion.
Sec ond ly. work don e shou ld b e paid acc ording to the am oun tofeffortand skillthatgo es
into it.Nobody wou ld d eny thata fam ou s person works hard and is skill ful, y etsuch
peop le do no twork any h arderthan thou sand o fotherworkers who h ave no claim to
fam e.Yetm arketforce are
such thatthese sup erstarts ca n ob tain milli on s ofdo lorwhile otherunkno wn p eop le
som etim es ea rn less than they n ee d to survive.
Finally, it shou ld b e po ss ible for gov ernm ents to work tog etherto ensure thatthe
am oun tofm on ey in circulation shou ld b e m ore m ore equ ally and fairly
distribu ted. This see m s on ly fairgiven thatthere are so m any suffering.

To con clud e,it is clea rthatworld pov erty is a seriou s prob lem and y etthe prob lem
cou ld b e ea sed ifgov ernm ents and com penies gave m ore though tto p aying salaries
on a m ore equ itable basis and ifthey started to con tribu te m ore m on ey to tho se in
nee d.
Sam ple 15 2
Sm oker s can cause them selves ser ious health problem s.The choice to sm oke is
m ade free ly a nd w ith kn ow ledge of danger s.
Sm oker s should there fore expec tto pay m ore form edicaltre atm entthan non-
sm oker s.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree w ith this statem ent?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Everyon e has the cho ice ofbeing a sm ok er o rno t.The peop le who choo se to sm oke
do so kno wing there is a risk o fca using h arm fuldam age to them selves.However, I do
no tentirely agree thatthese peop le shou ld h ave to p ay m ore to rece ive all the m edica l
trea tm entthey n ee d.
Ithink there are m any situation s in which a m edica lprob lem has no thing to do with
whethera person sm ok es orno t.In these ca ses,where an ill ness has no relation to
sm ok ing, then Ibelieve thatsm ok ers shou ld no tbe requ ired to p ay m ore than o ther
peop le fortheirm edica ltrea tm ent.M ostca racc idents,forexam ple, h ave no
conn ec tion with sm ok ing, and the peop le who are injured ough tto h ave the sam e
m edica lhelp, regardless ofthe cost.And whatabou tthe comm on flu -it do es not
see m justifiable to m e thata sm ok ershou ld h ave to p ay m ore to see a do ctor foran
ill ness we ca n all con trac t.
O n the otherhand, Iagree thata sm ok ershou ld p ay m ore than a non -sm ok erforthe
nece ss ary trea tm entofany cond iti on
which h as bee n ca used by sm ok ing. The
principle thatpeop le shou ld take respon sibilit y fortheirown ac tion s is a good on e.
Con sequ ently, ifa person choo ses to sm ok e kno wing thatthis habitca n ca use seriou s
hea lth p rob lem s,then there is no rea son why the comm un ity or an insurance com pany
shou ld h ave to p ay form edica ltrea tm entforan ill ness which cou ld h ave bee n avo ided.
In m any coun tries,cigarette pac kets have a clea rwarning thatsm ok ing ca n ca use
hea lth p rob lem s and so no sm ok erca n claim no tto kno w the dang er.Lung ca nce ris
som etim es a fataldisea se and the trea tm entis bo th leng thy and exp ensive,and it is
un fairforthe sm ok erto exp ec t

the ho spitalorthe comm un ity to ca rr y the cost.In fac t,it cou ld also b e argu ed that
tho se who sm ok e in pub lic shou ld be
asked to p ay extra beca use ofthe ill ness
ca used to p ass ive sm ok ers.
In con clusion, Ifee lthatsm ok ers shou ld p ay m ore in ca ses related to sm ok ing, but for
any o therill ness they shou ld p ay the sam e as anyon e else.
Sam ple 15 3
W e are bec om ing incre asingly depend enton com pu ter s.They a re used in
bu siness es,hospitals,cr im e detec tion a nd even to fly planes.
W hatthings w ill they be used forin the future ? Is this depend ence on com pu ter s a
goo d thing o rshould w e he m ore a uspicious oftheirbenefits?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Com pu ters are a relatively n ew inv ention. The firstcom pu ters were bu ilt fifty y ea rs ago
and it is on ly in the lastthirty o rso y ea rs thattheirinfluence has affec ted our everyd ay
life.Person alcom pu ters were introdu ce d as rece ntly as the ea rly
eigh ties.In this sho rttim e they h ave m ade a trem endou s im pac ton ou rlives.We are
no w so d epend enton com pu ters thatit is h ard to im agine whatthing s wou ld b e like
tod ay withou tthem .You h ave on ly go tto go into a bank when theirm ain com pu ter
is brok en to app rec iate the chaos that
wou ld o cc urifcom pu ters were sudd enly rem ov ed world-wide.
In the future com pu ters will be used to crea te bigg erand even m ore soph istica ted
com pu ters.The prospec ts forthis are qu ite alarmi ng. They will be so com plex thatno
ind ividu alcou ld hop e to und erstand how they work. They will bring a lotofbenefits bu t
they will also increa se the po tentialfor un im aginable chaos.They will ,for exam ple, b e
able to fly p lanes and they
will be able to co o rdinate the m ov em ents o fseveralplanes in the vicinity o fan airpo rt.
Prov iding all the com pu ters are working corr ec tly no thing ca n go wrong. If on e sm all
prog ram fails disaster.
There is a ce rtain inevitabilit y thattec hno logy will prog ress and b ec om e
increa sing ly com plex. We shou ld, ho wever,ensure thatwe are still in a
po siti on where we are able to con trol tec hno logy. Itwill be all too ea sy to sudd enly
discov erthattec hno logy is con trolli ng u s.By then it mi gh tbe too late Ibelieve thatit is
very im po rtantto be suspiciou s ofthe benefits thatcom pu ters will bring and to m ake
sure thatwe never b ec om e totally d epend enton a com pletely tec hno log ica lworld.

Sam ple 15 4
Sh ould pare nts be obliged to imm un ise theirchildre n aga instcomm on Band 9
answ er childh oo d diseases?
O rdo ind ividu als hav e the rightto choo se notto imm un ise theirchildre n?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
The iss ue ofwhetherwe shou ld force p arents to imm un ise theirchildren against
comm on d isea ses is,in m y op inion, a socialratherthan a m edica lqu estion. Since we
are free to choo se whatwe expo se ou rbod ies to in the way o ffood, d rink, o rreligion for
thatm atter,why shou ld the qu estion o fm edica l'trea tm ent' b e any d ifferent?
M edica lresea rchers and gov ernm ents are p rim arily interested in ov erall statistics and
trend s and in m on ey-saving schem es
which fail to take into con sideration the ind ividu al's con ce rns and righ ts.W hile
imm un isation againstdisea ses such as tetanu s and whoop ing cough m ay be
effec tive,littl e inform ation is relea sed abou tthe harm fuleffec ts ofvacc inations which
ca n som etim es result in stun ted g rowth o reven d ea th.
The body is design ed to resistdisea se and to crea te its own n aturalimm un ity through
con tac twith thatdisea se.So when
children are given artificialimm un ity, we crea te a vu lnerable society which is entirely
depend enton imm un isation. In the eventthatm ass imm un isation
prog ramm es were to cea se,the society as a who le wou ld b e m ore atrisk than ever
before.
In add iti on there is the iss ue ofthe righ ts o fthe ind ividu al.As m em bers ofa
society, why shou ld we be ob liged to sub jec tou rchildren to this po tentially h arm ful
prac tice? Som e peop le m ay also b e againstimm un isation on religious g round s and
theirnee ds m ustalso be con sidered.
Forthese rea son s Ifee lstrong ly thatimm un isation p rog ramm es shou ld no tbe
ob ligatory and thatthe ind ividu alshou ld h ave the righ tto choo se whetherorno tto
participate.
Sam ple 15 5
Sh ould pare nts be obliged to imm un ise theirchildre n aga instchildh ood
diseases?
O rdo ind ividu als hav e the rightto choo se notto imm un ise theirchildre n?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.

You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Som e peop le argu e thatthe state do es not h ave the righ tto m ake parents imm un ise
theirchildren. However,Ifee lthe qu estion is no twhetherthey shou ld imm un ise but
whether,as m em bers ofsociety, they h ave the righ tno tto.
Preventative m edicine has prov ed to b e the m osteffec tive way o fredu cing the incidence
offatalchildhood d isea ses.As a result ofthe widesprea d p rac tice of
imm un ising young children in ou rsociety, m any lives have bee n saved and the d isea ses
have bee n redu ce d to alm ostze ro. In p reviou s ce nturies children d ied from o rdinary
ill ness es such as influenza and tub erculosis and b eca use few peop le had imm un ity, the
disea ses sprea d ea sily. Disea ses such as dy sentery were the result o fpoo rhyg iene bu t
these have long b ee n eradica ted since the arrivalofgood sanitation and clea n water.
Nobody wou ld sugg estthatwe shou ld reverse this good p rac tice no w beca use dy sentery
has bee n wiped ou t.
Seriou s disea ses such as po lio and sm allpox h ave also b ee n eradica ted through
nation alimm un isation p rog ramm es.In con sequ ence ,children not imm un ised are far
less atrisk in this d isea se-free society than they wou ld
otherwise be.Parents choo sing no tto imm un ise are relying on the fac tthatthe
disea ses have alrea dy b ee n eradica ted. Ifthe nu m berofparents choo sing no tto
imm un ise increa sed, there wou ld b e a simil arincrea se in the risk o fthe disea ses
returning.
Imm un isation is no tan iss ue like sea tbelts which affec ts on ly the ind ividu al. A d ec ision
no tto imm un ise will have widesprea d repercuss ion s forthe who le of society and forthis
rea son, Ido not
believe thatind ividu als have the righ tto stand aside.In m y op inion imm un isation
shou ld b e ob ligatory.
Sam ple 15 6
Disrup tive schoo lstud ents hav e a
nega tive influence on other s.
Stud ents w ho a re noisy a nd disobedientshould be group ed tog ether and taught
separately.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ? Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.

m od elanswer:
There is no doub tthatsom e stud ents in schoo ls behave badly and theirbehaviour
ca uses difficulty forothers eitherbeca use
it has a negative effec ton the group or b eca use ordinary stud ents find it difficultto
study with them .
O ne solution is to take these stud ents away and teac h them on theirown. However,ifwe
sim ply h ave them rem ov ed afteron e or two warning s,we are limiti ng theiredu ca tion al
oppo rtun iti es beca use it see m s to m e thata schoo lwhich ca ters for d ifficult stud ents is
a sortof"prison" whatevernam e you g ive it and the peop le who go there m ay n ever
rec ov erfrom the exp erience .This ca n then ca use prob lem s forthe widersociety.
Perhaps we nee d to look atwhy the d isrup tive stud ents behave badly b efore
we separate them .Disrup tive stud ents m ay b e very intelli gentand find the class es
bo ring b eca use the work is too ea sy. Perhaps these stud ents nee d extra less ons
ratherthan separate less on s.O rperhaps the teac hers are un inspiring and this
results in b ehaviou ralprob lem s so we n ee d b etterteac hers.O n the otherhand,
m oststud ents pu tup with this situation
ratherthan ca use troub le,and som e peop le argu e thatwe have to lea rn to sufferbad
teac hers and bo ring situation s and thatstud ents who ca n'tlea rn this less on n ee d to b e
taugh tseparately.
So b efore we cond em n the stud ents to a spec ialschoo l,we shou ld look atfac tors
such as the teac hing, b eca use on ce the children h ave bee n separated, it is very
un likely thatthey will be brough tbac k.
Sam ple 15 7
"Although abu se ofthe system are
inevitable,socialw elfare pay m ents are ess entialto protec tthe rights citize ns
hav e to a g uarantee d m inim um incom e in a dem ocr atic society"
Discuss .
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Socialwelfare is an ess entialelem entof an adv ance d society. G ood system s are
always abu sed, bu tthatdo es no tm ea n they are faulty. In m y op inion, the two
m ain rea son s why welfare paym ents are n ece ss ary are as follows:
Firstofall,criti cs forgetthatthere are m any form s ofwelfare besides paym ents to the
un em ploy ed. Theirnegative op inion s harm tho se who are no tca pable o fea rning a
wage,such as sing le-parent m others,the disabled, and the sick. M oreov er,the

un em ploy ed h ave the right to an incom e,too. They are no talways atfault forno thaving
a job, and in m ostca ses the tax they h ave paid in the pastentitl es them to ass istance .
The sec ond rea son is thatcrim e increa ses when p eop le have no m ea ns ofsuppo rt.The
desperately poo rinevitably turn to crim e,which is no ton ly d ang erou s but costly.
Policing the stree ts is m ore exp ensive than p rov iding welfare. A po lice m an's wage is
fou rorfive tim es
high erthan a "do le"paym ent.
Certain m em bers ofsociety b elieve that p eop le shou ld look afterthem selves.They
po intou tthatwelfare increa ses d epend ency on o thers and d estroys
dign ity. This m ay b e true, bu tin the ca se
ofthe un em ploy ed, the reliefpaym ents are u sually tem po rary. Itis surely the fault of the
gov ernm entifthere are long -term un em ploy ed. We lfare criti cs also b elieve thatit is the
respon sibilit y o fa victim 's famil y to p rov ide financialass istance .However,it is too
exp ensive to p rov ide com plete help fora severely d isabled p erson.
To con clud e,it is vitalto und erstand the n ee d forwelfare in a m od ern d em ocratic
society. W ithou twelfare paym ents the poo rare destined to b ec om e poo rer.The first
du ty o fa gov ernm entis to p rov ide a
financialsafety n etforall disadv antaged p erson s,and thatinclud es tho se without
work.
Sam ple 15 8
Stud ying the English languag e in an English-speaking coun try is the bestbu tnot
the only w ay to learn languag e.
Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree w ith this statem ent?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
Study ing a langu age in a coun try where itis widely spok en h as m any adv antages.Itis,
therefore,a good idea to study Eng lish in a coun try such as Britain. However, I b elieve
it is no tthe on ly way to lea rn the langu age.
In the firstplace ,m oststud ents in non -Eng lish-spea king coun tries lea rn Eng lish at
sec ond ary schoo l,and som etim es at un iversity no wadays.Although theirspok en
Eng lish is no tusually o fa very h igh stand ard, theirkno wledg e of g ramm aris often
qu ite adv ance d. This is ce rtainly u sefulwhen stud ents com e to an Eng lish-spea king
coun try to p erfec tthe langu age.
Sec ond ly, study ing the basics ofEng lish atsec ond ary schoo lis less stress fulthan
lea rning the langu age while ov ersea s.This is beca use stud ents living atho m e do not
have to worr y abou tprob lem s such as find ing acc omm od ation, p aying fortheirstudy
and living costs,and trying to survive in a foreign coun try where day to d ay living
ca uses m uch stress .
However,there are obv iou s adv antages of lea rning Eng lish in Britain. Every d ay

there are oppo rtun iti es to p rac tise listening to and spea king with Briti sh p eop le.Also,
stud ents ca n exp erience the culture firsthand, which is a grea thelp when
trying to und erstand the langu age.This is espec ially true ifthey choo se to live with a
Briti sh famil y, as exchang e stud ents for exam ple.Furtherm ore,ifstud ents attend a
langu age schoo lfull-tim e,the teac hers
will be native spea kers.In this ca se, not on ly will stud ents'spea king and listening
skill s im prov e, bu tattention ca n b e given to d evelop ing rea ding and writi ng skill s as
well.
In g eneral,even though it is preferable to study Eng lish in an Eng lish-spea king
coun try, a rea son able levelofEng lish ca n b e ac hieved in on e's own coun try, ifa
stud entis gifted and d edica ted to study.
Sam ple 15 9
The w orld is exper iencing a dram atic incre ase in popu lation,This is causing
problem s notonly forpoo r,und eveloped coun tries,bu talso forindu strialised and
developing nations.
Descr ibe som e ofthe problem s that ov er popu lation causes, a nd sugg estat
leastone poss ible solution.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
In m ostcoun tries ofthe world the popu lation is increa sing alarmi ng ly. This is
espec ially true in poo r, und evelop ed coun tries.O verpopu lation ca uses a con siderable
nu m berofprob lem s.
In poo rcoun tries it is difficult to p rov ide enough food to fee d even the present nu m ber
ofpeop le.In add iti on, edu ca tion to limit the nu m berofchildren p erfamil y is no talways
succe ss ful.Poo rercoun tries
usually h ave a lotofun em ploy m enttoo, and an increa se in popu lation sim ply m akes
the situation worse.The env iron m entalso suffers when there are too m any p eop le
living on the land.
In rich, indu strialised and d evelop ing coun tries it is very d ifficult for gov ernm ents to
prov ide effec tive pub lic service s in ov ercrowded citi es.M oreov er,there is usually a
grea tdea lm ore crim e,which is often du e to h igh rates of un em ploy m ent.Furtherlarge
increa ses in popu lation on ly ca use m ore ov ercrowding, un em ploy m entand crim e.
There are two m ain solution s to the ov erpopu lation p rob lem .Firstly, every wom an who
is pregn ant, bu twho do es not wantto g ive birth, shou ld b e allowed by law to h ave an
abo rtion. Sec ond ly, gov ernm ents m ustedu ca te peop le to limi t
the size ofthe famil y. In China,coup les
are penalised financially ifthey h ave m ore than on e child. This m ay see m cruel, but the
"on e-child po licy"is beginn ing to h ave an effec tin the world's m ostpopu lous n ation.

Eventually, simil arpo licies mi ght also b e nece ss ary in o thercrowded n ations such as
Ind ia,forexam ple.
To sum up, ifthe popu lation exp losion con tinu es,m any m ore peop le will die of
starvation in poo rcoun tries,and life in the citi es,even in affluentnation s,will b ec om e
increa sing ly d ifficult.
Sam ple 16 0
People in all m oder n societies use drugs,bu ttoday 's yo uth are exper tim enting
w ith both lega land ill ega ldrugs, a nd at
an incre asingly early ag e.Som e sociolog ists claim thatpare nts and other
m em ber s ofsociety o ft en seta bad exa m ple.
Discuss the causes and som e effec ts of w idespre ad drug use by yo un g people in
m oder n day society. M ake any rec omm end ations yo u fee lare nece ss ary to help
fightyo uth drug a bu se.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
You th d rug abu se is a seriou s prob lem no wadays in m any cultures.Noton ly is ill egal
drug u se on the rise, bu tchildren as young as 10 y ea rs old are exp erim enting with
alcoho land tob acc o. The rea son s for this behaviou rare un clea r, bu tce rtain sociolog ists
blam e the exam ples setby theirelders.
Parents who d rink and sm ok e to exce ss are,in effec t,telli ng theirchildren thatitis
acce ptable to abu se theirbod ies with d rug s.Con sequ ently, children m ay h ave a simil ar
view towards ill egaldrug s,even iftheirparents are againsttheiruse.In
add iti on, d rug u se sho wn on television and in film s ca n on ly con fuse children who are
also taugh tatschoo lthatdrug abu se is wrong.
The press ure on young p eop le to p erform well atschoo lin o rderto com pete forjobs
is a po ss ible ca use ofthe prob lem .M any b elieve they ca nno tlive up to their p arents'
exp ec tation s,and fee la sense of hop eless ness .Also, the widesprea d availabilit y o f
drug s m ea ns tee nagers are face d with the tem ptation to exp erim ent.Drug s are used
as a m ea ns ofexp ress ing
diss atisfac tion with the press ures they fac e in society.
The effec ts ofdrug abu se are well kno wn. M any young p eop le's talents are wasted, and
add iction to h ard d rug s ca n costa user h is orherlife.Furtherm ore,tho se who d rink and
drive m ay b e invo lved in fatalroad acc idents.The costto society is grea t,and eno rm ou s
am oun ts ofm on ey are spent on conv icting d rug d ea lers and on edu ca tion p rog ramm es.
To con clud e,Irec omm end thatthe on ly
sensible way to solve this prob lem is to edu ca te young p eop le abou tthe dang ers of d rug
use,and to take steps to redu ce the p ress ure ofcom petiti on p lace d upon them .

Sam ple 16 1
W e hav e bee n living in the nu elearage now forov er halfa ce ntury. Since the first
atom ic bom bs w ere developed,nu cleartec hn ology has prov ided gov er nm ents w ith
the abili ty to totally destroy the planet.Yetthe tec hn ology has bee n pu tto positive
use as an ener gy source and in cer tain are as ofm edicine.To w hatextentis
nu cleartec hn ology a danger to life on Earth? W hatare the benefits and risks
ass ociated w ith its use?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes o n this task.
m od elanswer:
These days,m any p eop le are afraid of nu clea rtec hno logy b eca use ofthe dang ers
ass ociated with its use.In m y op inion, although it is true thatnu clea rwea pons po se the
grea testthrea tto life,the use of nu clea rtec hno logy forpeace fulpu rpo ses also ca rries
som e seriou s risks.
Nuclea rpo werstation s prov ide an im po rtantsou rce ofchea p po werform any
indu strialised n ation s and som e
develop ing coun tries.However,there is always the dang erofradiation lea king
from these plants.Even though safety p reca ution s are taken, there have bee n
nu m erou s disasters such as the exp losion o fa nu clea rplantin Russ ia no tlong ago.
Nuclea rtec hno logy is even u sed to h elp cure som e disea ses such as ca nce r.
Radiation ca n b e app lied to the body to bu rn away ca nce rou s ce lls.This is, ho wever,a
dang erou s proce du re,and the app lica tion o fradiation is alm ostalways p ainfuland no t
always succe ss ful.
The m ostworr ying aspec tofnu clea rtec hno logy, though, is its use formilit ary pu rpo ses.
Enough atomi c bo m bs have alrea dy b ee n bu ilt to com pletely d estroy the planet,and the
rea ldang eris thatone d ay som e coun try will starta warwith these wea pon s.Too m any
coun tries now h ave the tec hno logy requ ired to m ake such bo m bs,and there is curr ently
m uch d ebate
abou tho w to con trolthe situation. In con clusion, nu clea rtec hno logy ce rtainly
has po siti ve uses, bu tis,
non etheless , d ang erou s.However,it wou ld h ave bee n b etterifit had n everbee n u sed to
crea te nu clea rwea pon s.If life on Earth is to con tinu e.
Sam ple 16 2
Som e people think thatitis im portantto use leisure tim e foractivities that
im prov e the m ind ,such as re ading a nd doing w ord pu zz les.
O ther people fee lthatitis im portantto re stthe m ind du ring leisure tim e.
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
You should spend about40 m inu tes

on this task.
m od elanswer:
Itis generally acce pted thatwe all nee d leisure tim e to rec ov erfrom the stress es of
work and everyd ay life.
Person ally, Ipreferto b e ac tive du ring this tim e,as Ithink this suits m e better.However,
whatwe do with ou rleisure tim e is up to u s and no on e ca n say thatany p articular
ac tivity is the best.
Som e peop le relax by watching m ov ies,rea ding o rsurfing the internet.Peop le who
have phy sica lly d em and ing job s m ay choo se these typ es ofac tiviti es.If you are
a nu rse orbu ilder, you m ay fee lthatyou don 'twantto do a five-kilom etre run after
work, b eca use you are alrea dy phy sica lly tired.
O therpeop le do v ery sedentary job s.Com pu teranalysts,forexam ple,m ay spend all
day sitti ng in fron tofa com pu ter
scree n. Atthe end o fthe working d ay, they m ay b e kee n to stretch theirlim bs and
im prov e theirhea lth by swimmi ng or
go ing to the gy m .
Ano therfac torthatinfluence s ou rcho ice o fleisure pu rsuit is where we work. Peop le
who work indoo rs often p refer ou tdoo rhobb ies,wherea s forpeop le who work
ou tdoo rs,the reverse m ay b e true. I
am a stud entm yselfand this invo lves a lot o fsitti ng in lec tures,so Inee d to g etout
into the fresh airafterwards.
In any situation, the im po rtantthing is that p eop le nee d to stay h ea lthy by choo sing what
is bestforthem .The on ly wrong way to spend free tim e,in m y v iew,is to h ave a
sedentary job and then go ho m e and watch television.
Sam ple 16 3
Using a com pu ter ever y day can have m ore nega tive than positive effec ts on
childre n.Do yo u ag ree ordisag ree ?
Gi ve re asons foryo uransw er and includ e any re leva ntexa m ples from yo ur
ow n kn ow ledge orexper ience
In tod ay's m od ern world, com pu ters are an
ess entialpartofeveryd ay life.Around the g lob e,children o ften u se com pu ters from a
very young age.Although it is im po rtant forchildren to p articipate in v ariou s well-
balance d ac tiviti es,in m y op inion,

children who u se the com pu terdaily are ac tually d evelop ing a criti ca lskill for future
succe ss .The bases form y v iews are p erson al,aca demi c,and p rofess ion al.
From a person alpo intofview,com pu ters are an inv aluable resou rce to h elp young
peop le exp lore the world around them .For exam ple,children who u se Internetto satisfy
theircuriosity abou tdiverse top ics are alrea dy b ec omi ng ind epend ent
lea rners.No child with a com pu teris ever bo red!By starting ea rly in theirlives,
children fee ltotally atea se around com pu ters;they are also able to take
adv antage ofthe wide rang e ofservice s com pu ters prov ide.
From an aca demi c viewpo int,children h ave no cho ice bu tto m asterthis tec hno log ica l
inv ention. Forinstance ,when Iwas in un iversity, stud ents brought theirlaptop s to class
to take no tes, do resea rch and exchang e inform ation. They wrote ass ign m ents,crea ted
presentations and d evelop ed d atabases.Children who bu ild ea rly con fidence and
exp erience in these abiliti es are ata distinctadv antage ov ertho se who h ave no t.
From a profess ion alperspec tive,the com pu terhas found a perm anentplace in the
workp lace .Tod ay, em ploy ers still pay to p rov ide com pu tertraining to theirem ploy ee s.
Tom orr ow,corpo ration s will
exp ec tprospec tive job app lica nts to alrea dy po ss ess these criti ca ljob skill s.
Con sequ ently, p arents who encou rage theirchild to u se the com pu terfora rea son able
period o ftim e daily are in fac tinv esting in the child's future ca ree r.
In con clusion, there is no doub tthatthe com pu teras a tec hno log ica ltoo lis here to
stay. The soon erchildren b ec om e com pu ter-lit erate,the betterform any aspec ts of
theirfuture lives.
(299 words)
Sam ple 16 4
Su cce ss fulsports profess ionals can earn a g re atdealm ore m oney than people in
other im portantprofess ions.Som e
people think this is fully justified w hile o ther s think itis un fair.Discuss both
these view s and give yo uropinion.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
The world o fspo rts is a m ultimilli on do llarindu stry. Around the glob e, p eop le flock to
spo rting events orwatch theirfavou rite tea m s faithfully eac h wee k on television. As a
result, p rofess ion alspo rts athletes rece ive hug e salaries – wellabov e,forexam ple,

tho se ofdo ctors,lawyers,teac hers orsocialworkers.There is som e debate abou t
whethersuch ou trageou sly h igh salaries are justified.
O n the on e hand, spo rtis viewed as a p rofess ion alca ree r,in which the top p layers
shou ld righ tly ea rn h igh salaries.Athletes train rigo rou sly from an ea rly age to b ec om e
pea k p erform ers in theirfield. They face trem endou s press ure in eac h and every g am e,
m atch o rcom petiti on. Their p erson allives are com promi sed and they lose all privac y. At
the sam e tim e,theirstrong ac hievem ents bring honou rand attention, no ton ly to
them selves, bu talso to theirtea m s,schoo ls,citi es orcoun tries.
O n the otherhand, v ariou s profess ions con tribu te to m aking ou rworld run sm oo thly.
Doctors pu tin atlea stten y ea rs o fgrueling study and internship;theirwork saves lives.
Teac hers edu ca te and inspire young p eop le to b e respon sible citi ze ns:theirefforts
produ ce the citi ze ns
oftom orr ow.Socialworkers rescue ind ividu als fac ing phy sica l,m entaland
psycho log ica lchalleng es:theirintervention crea tes safersocieties.
Yet, p rofess ion als in the fields above u sually strugg le to g etby, d espite theirm ea ning ful
and criti ca lcon tribu tion to the world.
In m y v iew, p aying eno rm ou s salaries to spo rtspeop le is unn ece ss ary. We nee d to
rec on siderou rsocialprioriti es and elimi nate the grea tdisparity in incom e rece ived by
diverse profess ion als.By do ing so, we ca n bu ild societies in which eac h on e fee ls
valued, app rec iated and app rop riately com pensated fortheirown vo ca tion o r
spec ializa tion.
(273 words)
Sam ple 16 5
In som e coun tries, yo un g people are encourag ed to w ork ortrav elfora y ear
betw ee n finishing high schoo land starting un iver sity stud ies.Discuss the
adva ntag es and disadva ntag es foryo un g people w ho dec ide to do this.
G ive rea son s foryou ranswerand include any relevantexam ples from you rown
kno wledg e orexp erience .
W rite atlea st250 words.
Taking a “gap y ea r”off betwee n h igh schoo land un iversity h as bec om e a
popu larop tion am ong m any young p eop le.
This tim e off prov ides a brea k afterm any y ea rs ofform alstudy. Som e stud ents use this
tim e to travelaround the world, o thers vo lun tee rand still others begin working. The idea
behind eac h o fthese ac tiviti es is to do som ething h and s-on and refreshing, which
enables young p eop le to lea rn m ore abou tthem selves and theirplace in the world
around them .

The benefits oftaking a yea roff are p lentiful.O n a person allevel,stud ents who travel
away from ho m e develop theirind epend ence and self-con fidence .O n a
culturallevel,they lea rn abou tviewpo ints,traditi on s and p erspec tives differentfrom
theirown. Profess ion ally, stud ents geta taste ofdiverse workp lace s,which mi ght inspire
a po ss ible ca ree rinterest.Intellec tually, they exami ne theirown
beliefs and idea s in relation to tho se of o thers in a new env iron m ent.All these
adv antages com bine to m ake a strong ca se fortaking the on e-yea rbrea k.
Nevertheless ,there are also d ang ers invo lved in taking such a long b rea k.
Aca demi ca lly, the m ain d rawbac k is thatstud ents ca n g etsidetrac ked from theirstud ies.
A yea ris a long tim e and stud ents cou ld lose the good study h abits and sense o f
discipline they h ad when they were in a form alaca demi c structure.If they b egin
working, they cou ld also b e delud ed into think ing thatthey’re m aking a lotof m on ey.
They cou ld lose the benefit of college orun iversity edu ca tion and the chance to ea rn a
high erincom e all theirlives.
In con clusion, whetherto take a yea r-long b rea k o rno tis an ind ividu aldec ision. Eac h
young p erson shou ld con siderhis or h erm otivation s ca refully and d ec ide on what’s
m ostdesirable.Tim e is a prec ious resou rce and p eop le ofall ages,includ ing young
peop le,shou ld trea tit with respec t.
(305 words)
Sam ple 16 6
Univer sities should acce ptequ al nu m ber s ofm en and w om en in ever y sub jec t.
To whatextentdo you agree with this statem ent?
You shou ld write atlea st250 words.
G end eriss ues have bee n increa sing in im po rtance through the ce nturies.In alm ost
every sph ere ofhu m an ac tivity, there has bee n a m ov em enttowards g rea terequ alit y
betwee n m en and wom en. Although Iagree thatun iversiti es shou ld op en theirdoo rs to
all stud ents alike,in
m y v iew,they n ee d no tseta fixed limit on the nu m berofm en and wom en they acce pt in
eac h sub jec t.The bases form y v iews
are psycho log ica land p erson al.
Psycho log ica lly-spea king, m en and wom en are sim ply d ifferent,though they h ave the
sam e po tentialforgrea tness .For exam ple,wom en tend to b e m ore intuiti ve,sensiti ve to
others and ca ring. This m ea ns they m ay fee ldrawn, on the basis oftheir p erson aliti es,
to ce rtain k ind s of p rofess ion s such as teac hing, nu rsing, or
psycho logy, even ifall fields are op en to them .In such a con text,it is bestfor
un iversiti es to choo se the bestapp lica nts,regardless ofgend er.
Person ally, stud ents nee d to d iscov ertheirtrue ca lli ng. This is an ind ividu alm atterand
is no tinfluence d by the un iversiti es reserving sea ts form en o rwom en. For exam ple,if

the m ajority o fwom en shy away from m ath o reng inee ring, p erhaps it h as to do with
theirupb ring ing, which h as influence d theirinterests.The un iversiti es will no tbe able to
reverse this trend, though they shou ld always look ou tforthe m ostqu alified ca nd idates.
In con clusion, equ alit y ca nno tbe force d upon p eop le – no tin the area ofedu ca tion,
em ploy m entorfamil y life.Equ alit y is
abou thaving cho ice s and tho se who p rove them selves ca pable will qu alify for
un iversity, regardless ofgend er.Itis on ly righ tthatun iversiti es reflec tand respec t
these free and n aturalcho ice s being exercised by theirstud ents.
(277 words)
Sam ple 16 7
The rising levels ofcongestion and airpollution found in m ostofthe w orld cities
can be attribu ted direc tly to the rapidly incre asing nu m ber ofpriva te cars in use.In
order to re ver se this dec line in the qu ality o flife in cities, a ttem pts m ustbe m ade
to encourage people to use theircars less and pub lic transportm ore .Discuss
poss ible w ay s to
encourag e the use ofpub lic transport.
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree w ith this statem ent?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
In a world o fincrea sing env iron m entalawareness im prov ed pub lic transpo rtrepresents
the way o fthe future.Although p eop le do enjoy the conv enience and p rivac y o ftraveling
in theirown p rivate v ehicles,in m y op inion they m ay choo se pub lic transpo rtifit fulfill s
ce rtain cond iti on s.These cond iti on s fall into three b road ca tego ries:attit ud inal,financial
and log istica l.
From an attit ud inalperspec tive, p eop le m ustfirstbe conv ince d o fthe benefits of
pub lic transpo rtation. An edu ca tion alor pub lic relation s ca m paign m ustbe laun ched
to sensiti ze tho se who mi ght h ave disregarded this po ss ibilit y b efore.Peop le shou ld
be famili arize d with the env iron m ental,socialand p erson al
benefits forpresentand future generation s.This is on e step.
From a financialperspec tive, pub lic transpo rtation m ustbe a clea rand v iable b enefit
to con sum ers.In o therwords,itm ustbe m ore affordable than d riving to work every
day. Forexam ple,ifpeop le kno w thatby u sing bu s and sub way, they ca n save enough
m on ey to take a free ho liday eac h y ea r,m any m ore ind ividu als wou ld b e persuaded to
travelin this way. This is ano thercriti ca lstep.
From a log istica lperspec tive, pub lic transpo rtation shou ld b e conv enientfor comm uters.
City p lann ers and transpo rt o fficials m ustensure thatfrequ entand reliable pub lic
transpo rtation is available foreac h citi ze n. Forpeop le to m ake the h abit oftraveling by

bu s orsub way, they m ustkno w thatthey will be able to g etto v ariou s place s on tim e.
Transpo rtvehicles m ustbe well m aintained, sub way and bus d rivers shou ld b e
custom er-oriented and service m ustbe pun ctualand efficient.This is an add iti on al
im po rtantstep.
In con clusion, through a m ulti -prong ed app roac h, it is po ss ible to increa se the use o f
pub lic transpo rtation. City o fficials and po liti cians ca n lea d the way by u tili zing these
form s oftranspo rtthem selves and b ring ing abou tchang e through p erson al
exam ple.Then, m ore citi ze ns will follow suit and we m ay all hop e to live in a clea ner,
less po lluted env iron m ent.
(316 words)
Sam ple 16 8
M any people believe thatw om en m ake bett er pare nts than m en and thatthis is
w hy they hav e a g re ater role in raising childre n in m ostsocieties.O ther s claim
thatm en are justas goo d as w om en at pare nting. W rite an ess ay expre ss ing yo ur
pointofview .Gi ve re asons for yo uransw er .
To w hatextentdo yo u ag ree w ith this statem ent?
You should w rite atleast250 w ords.
A child is bo rn to two p arents – a m an and a wom an. Both sexes play a crucialrole in
raising the child. Although fathers ca n m ake exce llentparents,in m y op inion, m others
are in rea lit y b etterparents based on theirnaturalintuiti on and com pass ion ate
tend encies.
Firstly, fora wide variety o fsocio-culturalrea son s,wom en tend to h ave m ore intuiti ve
intelli gence than m en. Itis this intuiti on thatenables the m otherto know when h erchild
nee ds her.In add iti on, wom en o ften kno w ho w to rea d non -verbalsign als in hu m an
behavior,which ca n alertthem to iss ues and p rob lem s in the child’s life.All ofthese
“perce ptive skill s”play a m ajorrole in
m aking the m othera close,respon sible and respon sive parent.
Sec ond ly, m ostm others share a inimit able bond with theirchildren. Perhaps this bond
arises du ring the nine m on ths of
pregn ancy;perhaps it is reinforce d
through the ac tofbrea stfee ding. W hateverthe ca use,there often app ea rs to b e a
lifelong silvercho rd o rpsychic conn ec tion b etwee n m otherand child. As a result,the
m otheris able to evaluate the child’s ac tion s from the viewpo intofhis/herintention s,
and no tjustresults.This em pathy is price less and ca nno tea sily be replica ted. Although
fathers m ay form
dee p lov ing bond s with theirchildren, they m ay no tbe able to m atch the depth of
closeness shared by m otherand child.

In con clusion, although bo th p arents are ce rtainly ca pable ofca ring forthe child, the
m otheroften m akes a betterparent.Anyon e who h as exp erience d the un cond iti on al
acce ptance ofa m other’s lov e ca n b ea rwitness to this rea lit y.
(260 words)
Sam ple 16 9
W hatfactors are re lated to a cadem ic succe ss in high schoo lstud ents?
W rite atleast250 w ords.
High schoo lis a criti ca ltim e in the life of young p eop le.O n the on e hand, tee nagers are
ea gerto enjoy theirfree do m and ind epend ence .O n the otherhand, they
m ustbe disciplined enough to k ee p their p rioriti es straigh t.In m y op inion, three social
instit ution s im pac thigh school stud ents the m ostatthis vu lnerable tim e – the famil y,
pee rgroup and schoo l.
First,the famil y p lays the ce ntralrole by p rov iding the bac kd rop in a young p erson ’s
life.A po siti ve famil y env iron m entprov ides lov e,suppo rtand encou ragem entforthe
stud entto do h is/herbest.Sim ultaneou sly, the famil y aim s to instill discipline and
am biti on in the child. The influence and exp ec tations o ffamil y m em bers rem ain
param oun tatthis tim e and throughou ta young p erson 's life.
Sec ond, as a child turns into a tee nager,the pee rgroup b egins to p lay an
increa sing ly im po rtantrole in h is/herlife.The friend ships on e develop s atthis high ly
sensiti ve stage ca n affec ton es attit ud e to stud ies,autho rity, society and the world.
In the righ tcom pany, young p eop le ca n g etinvo lved in po siti ve ac tiviti es thatsuppo rt
theiraca demi c perform ance .W ith the wrong crowd, tee nagers cou ld d evelop a ho stof
unh ea lthy and d ang erou s habits which im pac tno ton ly theirgrades bu tallaspec ts of
theirlives.
Lastly, the schoo litselfis a dec iding
fac torin the stud ent's aca demi c succe ss . A v ariety o felem ents determi ne ho w the
stud ents fee labou tschoo l: the teac hers,
the staff,the fac iliti es,the sub jec ts,the textbook s,the m ethod o finstruction and
m ore.All ofthese have a sign ifica nt im pac ton the young p erson ’s m otivation
to exce l.
In con clusion, h igh schoo lsucce ss is the p rodu ctofvariou s influence s.We are all
fortun ate that,aside from a few un fortun ate exce ption s,the m ajority of stud ents
worldwide aspire to do well and g row up to b ec om e ac tive and h ea lthy p articipants in
the world around them .
(309 words)

Sam ple 17 0
Fore ign languag e instruction should begin in kind er ga rten.Discuss .
W rite atlea st250 words.
Acc ording to a fam ou s saying, “The limit s
ofm y langu age are the limit s ofm y world. ”Ind ee d, the abilit y to spea k several
langu ages is con sidered on e ofthe h allm arks ofa cultured p erson. From this
perspec tive,foreign langu age instruction shou ld b egin as ea rly as po ss ible in o rder
to ac hieve nea r-native fluency. The rea son s behind this app roac h are
intellec tual,socialand p rofess ion al.
Intellec tually, lea rning a foreign langu age ata young age enables children to d evelop
theirbrain. Atthis age,children’s mi nds are like spong es and theirca pac iti es are
limitl ess .They h ave less inh ibiti on or b iases againstlea rning d ifferentsub jec ts.They
ca n lea rn on e,two o rthree langu ages withou tcon fusion ;it wou ld on ly serve to exp and
theirmi nd s.Therefore,it is idea l
to startteac hing a foreign langu age in
kind ergarten.
Socially, lea rning a foreign langu age enables the young child to entera widercultural
world. By lea rning to spea k, think and und erstand a differentlangu age,the child
develop s grea tercross -culturalawareness .This criti ca labilit y enables the child to
m ake friend s with, identify with and em pathize with o thers who spea k the add iti on al
langu age.
Profess ion ally, by lea rning a foreign langu age in k ind ergarten, the child exp and s
his/herfuture ca ree rho rizon s.In tod ay’s increa sing ly g lob alize d world, b ili ngu aland
m ultili ngu alind ividu als are in h igh d em and. The child who ac hieves
this fluency n aturally and ea sily ata young age alrea dy h as an edg e ov erothers in the
job m arket.
In summ ary, nu m erou s benefits flow from teac hing a foreign langu age from
kind ergarten. The child will m ostlikely g row up to thank tho se who m ade such a
lea rning exp erience po ss ible.
IELT S Letter
M ostC omm on Lett er Topics -(Form al)

1. Asking forInform ation
You live in an Eng lish spea king coun try and you wantto do som e vo lun tary, unp aid work
in a develop ing coun try. W rite a
letterto a com pany ca lled CulturalExp editi on s,which o rganize s such trips.In you r
letter:
Exp lain why you wantto do the vo lun tary work.
State whatyou rskill s and exp erience are.
Ind ica te where you wou ld like to vo lun tee rand forho w long.
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/M adam
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
2. App lying fora Job
You h ave dec ided to app ly fora job as a Spanish instructorthatwas adv ertised in the
April editi on o fthe m agaz ine Teac hing Profess ion al.This ad was po sted by M rJohn
Sulli van, d irec torofthe Spanish d epartm entatThe Langu age Instit ute of G rea tBritain in
London, Eng land. In your letterto M rSulli van:
exp lain why you are writi ng
describe you rqu alifica tion s and exp erience
exp lain ho w they ca n con tac tyou
W rite atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
3. M aking Su gg estions
You ea tatyou rcollege ca feteria every lun chtim e.However, you think it nee ds som e
im prov em ents.W rite a letterto the college m agaz ine.In you rletter:
exp lain whatyou like bou tthe ca feteria
say whatis wrong
sugg estho w it cou ld b e im prov ed
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/M adam
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
4. App lying fora Job

You are look ing fora part-tim e job. W rite a letterto an em ploy m entagency. In your
letter:
introdu ce you rself
exp lain whatsortofjob you wou ld like
say whatexp erience and skill s you h ave
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/M adam
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
5. Com plaining to a Bank
You h ave rece ived a letterfrom you rbank, asking you to ac kno wledg e rece iptofa
new bank ca rd. However,the ca rd was mi ss ing from the env elop e.W rite a letterto the
bank 's hea d o ffice .In you rletter:
exp lain why you are writi ng
exp ress con ce rn abou tthe mi ss ing ca rd
ask them whatthey intend to do
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
,
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
6. Inform ing a n Airline
LastTuesday you flew from New York to Paris.W hen you arrived ho m e, you d iscov ered
thatyou h ad leftyou rca bin b ag on the plane.W rite a letterto the airline.In you rletter,
you shou ld exp lain:
where and when you lostyou rbag
whatyou rbag look s like
whatits con tents were
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/M adam
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
7. App lying fora Job

You h ave see n an adv ertisem entforpart-tim e work in a ho telforthree m on ths ov erthe
summ er.W rite a letterto the m anager.In you rletter:
say whatexp erience you h ave
ask whatthe work invo lves
enqu ire abou tcond iti ons
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/M adam
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
8. M aking Rec omm end ations
You no rm ally go shopp ing in the area where you live.However, you think som e o fthe
fac iliti es forshopp ers cou ld be im prov ed. W rite a letterto you rloca l n ewspaper.In you r
letter:
say in g eneralwhatyou like about shopp ing in you rarea
say whatis wrong with the fac iliti es
sugg estho w they ca n b e im prov ed
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/M adam
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
9. App lying fora Job
You wou ld like a tem po rary job working
in the summ erca m p which run s spo rts and ou tdoo rac tiviti es forchildren and young
peop le nextsumm er.W rite a letterto the o rganize rs ofthe summ erca m p. In your letter:
exp lain whatsortofjob you wou ld like to do
describe you rperson alit y
say whatexp erience and skill s you h ave
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rSir/
M adam

You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
10. Com plaining abouta Produ ct
You live in a sm all un iversity town. Lastwee k, you d rov e to a big city abou ttwo hou rs
away to buy a new laptop ata good p rice .You worked on the laptop all wee k and
finished writi ng a long ass ign m ent thatis du e sho rtly. However,this wee k,
the laptop do esn'teven switch on. W rite to the store.In you rletter:
tell the store where you live & what h app ened
exp lain the prob lem with the laptop
state whatac tion you wou ld like the store to take
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task
Sam ple Lett er – Form al(Com plaining to a H otel)-Task 1
Sam ple Lett er 1
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You rece ntly stayed in a ho telin a large city. The wea therwas very unu sualforthe
tim e ofyea rand the hea ting /coo ling system in the ho telwas qu ite inadequ ate.
W rite a letterto the m anagerofthe ho tel.In you rletter:
give details ofwhatwentwrong
exp lain whatyou h ad to do to ov ercom e the prob lem atthe tim e
say whatac tion you wou ld like the m anagerto take
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You do NO T nee d to write you rown
add ress .
Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r

Dea rSir/M adam
Iam writi ng in conn ec tion with m y rece nt stay atthe Fou rSea son s in London, Eng land.
Unfortun ately, du e to a m alfun ction ing h ea terin m y roo m ,Ispent three mi serable nigh ts
atyou rho telfrom April 26 – 29, 2010.
W hen Iarr ived in London, there was an un exp ec ted sno wstorm .Iund erstand it do es no t
usually sno w inApril; ho wever,when Igo tto m y roo m ,there was no h ea t.After
com plaining, a tec hn ician was sent up, who inform ed m e they h ad to install a n ew
hea ting un it.W hen Iasked to be m ov ed to ano therroo m ,Iwas told the ho telwas
com pletely book ed.
Unfortun ately, eac h n igh tafterwork I returned to d iscov erthe prob lem had not b ee n
rec tified. Eventually, Ispentthree ho rribly un com fortable nigh ts,wea ring m y coatto
bed, wea ring socks around the roo m and end ing up with a bad cold from the unh ea ted
roo m .Ihad no tim e to com plain as Ihad to ca tch a fligh tho m e righ tafterm y
con ference .
Iam sho cked by this terrible service .This is no twhatanyon e exp ec ts for$400 a n igh t!
To com pensate m e forthis trem endou s inconv enience ,Iask thatyou refund m y m on ey
righ taway and o fferm e a free ,m ore com fortable stay in on e of you rfinersuites in the
future.If no t,Iam p repared to take m y com plaintto a high erautho rity.
Ilook forward to h ea ring from you atthe ea rliest,
You rs faithfully, M rJohn M cFee (236 words)
Sam ple Lett er 2
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You h ave rece ived a letterfrom you rbank, asking you to ac kno wledg e rece iptofa
new bank ca rd. However,the ca rd was mi ss ing from the env elop e.
W rite a letterto the bank 's hea d o ffice .In
you rletter:
exp lain why you are writi ng
exp ress con ce rn abou tthe mi ss ing ca rd
ask them whatthey intend to do
W rite atlea st150 words.

You do NO T nee d to write any add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r
Dea rSir/M adam
Iam writi ng in conn ec tion with a mi ss ing o rstolen d ebit ca rd from you rbank. This
is an u rgentm atteras the bank ca rd cou ld p rov e dang erou s in the hand s ofthe wrong
person.
Justyesterday, Irece ived a letterfrom you rbank 's hea d o ffice .Itstated thatm y n ew
bank ca rd was enclosed and asked m e to ac kno wledg e rece ipt.However,when
the env elop e arrived in m y m ailbox, it was in a tattered state.M ore im po rtantly, the d ebit
ca rd which was suppo sed to be includ ed, was mi ss ing. Ichec ked and rec hec ked around
the m ailbox, bu tfound no thing. Iam con ce rned thatsom eon e has gon e through m y m ail
and po ss ibly stolen the ca rd.
Forthis rea son Irequ estthatyou ca nce lthe existing d ebit ca rd imm ediately. The
debit ca rd in qu estion is related to m y
acc oun tnu m ber64729401 atyou rBay and Bloo rbranch. Afterit has bee n ca nce lled,
plea se arrang e to send m e a new on e,as I n ee d to travelov ersea s nextwee k and will
nee d to ca rr y the new bank ca rd with m e.
Thank you k ind ly in adv ance ,You rs faithfully,
Ms Brend a Holster
(172 words)
Sam ple Lett er 3
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You ea tatyou rcollege ca feteria atlun ch
tim e every d ay.. However, you think it n ee ds som e im prov em ents.W rite a letterto the
college m agaz ine.In you rletter:
exp lain whatyou like abou tthe ca feteria
say whatis wrong with it
sugg estho w it cou ld b e im prov ed

W rite atlea st150 words.Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
Dea rSir/M adam
Iam writi ng in conn ec tion with our college ca feteria.Since alm ostevery
stud entspend s som e tim e here every d ay, I b elieve it is in everyon e's bestinterestto
find ways to im prov e the qu alit y o fthis ce ntralea tery.
The ca feteria itselfis m od ern, spac ious and attrac tive.The newly p ainted m urals o fthe
sea side give the sea ting area an op en, airy, ou tdoo rfee ling which m akes it v ery
plea santto ea tm ea ls there.This is furtherenh ance d by the large gree n p lants and
flowing waterfoun tains.
The m ain p rob lem with the ca feteria is in the food served!Firstofall,there is a very
limit ed selec tion available.Eac h d ay
offers up on ly stand ard North Am erica n fare ofham bu rgers, ho tdog s,chicken nugg ets
and french fries.Noton ly is this selec tion unh ea lthy, bu talso un interesting
day in and d ay ou t.We have so m any internation alstud ents on ca m pu s,it wou ld b e
wond erfulto h ave som e curries, bu rr itos and falafeladd ed to the m enu. Sec ond ly, since
this is a stud entca feteria, p rice s nee d to stay low.We have un fortun ately see n two
price hikes in the lasttwo y ea rs.
Iam sure ifwe offera widerrang e of food s,atbetterprice s,the ca feteria willcon tinu e to
run profitably as m ore stud ents choo se to ea tthere.
You rs faithfully, DanielBernard
IELT S Lett er Topics -Sem i-Form al
1. Arr anging Acc omm odation
You are being senton a on e m on th work ass ign m entin San Francisco, California.You
nee d a place to stay while you are there.W rite a letterto the M aury Sam son Rea lEstate
Agency. In you rletter:
exp lain the situation
describe the kind o facc omm od ation you wou ld like
prov ide the dates you will nee d it
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r
Sam son,
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.

2. Asking forPer m iss ion
You are study ing ov ersea s.You n ee d to return to you rcoun try b efore the end of the
sem esterfora famil y event.W rite a letterto you rsup ervisor.In you rletter:
Requ esttim e off
Exp lain why you n ee d to lea ve ea rly
Rea ss ure him /herthatyou rstud ies will no tsuffer
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r/M s
3. Com plaining to a Land lord
You h ave bee n living in a rentalapartm ent forthe pastyea r.Rece ntly a new
neighbou rm ov ed in who h as loud p arties severaltim es a wee k. W rite a letter
com plaining abou tthis to the land lord. In you rletter:
exp lain the situation
describe why it bo thers you
sugg esta solution
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r/M s
,
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
4. M aking a Su gg estion
You exercise regu larly and h ave bee n a m em berofm any d ifferentgy m s.Rece ntly,
you m ov ed into a new n eighbo rhood and joined a new gy m .You
have no tice d thatpeop le atthis gy m do not bo therto wipe do wn the m ac hines after
use and o ften lea ve dirty towels on the b enches in the chang e roo m s.W rite to M rKoto,
the m anager.In you rletter:
exp lain who you are
describe the prob lem exac tly
m ake sugg estion s to im prov e the gym
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r

Koto,
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
5. Boo king Acc omm odation
You are go ing to take a sho rtho liday in Sing apo re and you wantto renta ho liday
apartm entwhile you are there.W rite to the tou ristinform ation o ffice .In your letter:
exp lain whatyou n ee d
say when you p lan to b e there
ask forinform ation abou tprice s
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r/M s
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
6. Explaining to a Neighb our
You are having a gradu ation p arty n ext
Saturday n igh t.You h ave inv ited 50
peop le to ce lebrate atan ou tdoo rbarbec ue evening, which m ay con tinu e into late into
the nigh t.W rite a letterto you relderly n eighbou r.In you rletter:
exp lain whatwill be happ ening
offeryou rapo log ies in adv ance
inv ite herto join the ce lebration
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r/M s
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
7. Asking forper m iss ion
You are suppo sed to h and in a mi d-term p rojec tforyou rpsycho logy class by Nov em ber
1st.However, you rbrotheris g etti ng m arr ied in Hawaii atthe sam e tim e and the entire
famil y is traveling there for the occa sion. You wou ld like an extension on the du e date
forsub mitti ng the projec t.W rite to you rprofess or.In you rletter:
exp lain the situation
remi nd the profess orofyou rfine aca demi c rec ord to d ate
ask foran extension o fthe du e date

Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
8. M aking a Su gg estion
You live in a high -rise bu ilding, which h as a comm un allaund ry roo m .There are
m any washers and d ryers there, bu teven m ore residents.Som etim es peop le don 't
com e in tim e to em pty the m ac hines and o therresidents have to wait fora washer o r
dryer.You think the bu ilding m anagem entshou ld pu rchase 10 extra laund ry b askets
and m ake them available forsuch tim es,so the m ac hines ca n be free d up. W rite to
the Prop erty M anager,M rs W illi am s.In you rletter:
exp lain ho w long you h ave bee n a resident
describe the prob lem
propo se you rsolution
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM rs
W illi am s
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
9. Asking forPer m iss ion
You h ave rece ived a job o fferfora po siti on you h ave wanted fora long tim e.You are
exp ec ted to starton July 1 st.However, you ca n on ly starta wee k later du e to p erson al
rea son s.W rite a letterto
M rJac kson, you rnew bo ss .In you rletter:
sho w you renthu siasm forthe job o ffer
exp lain the prob lem
sugg estwhatyou ca n do
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rM r
Jac kson,
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
Sam ple Lett er – Sem i-Form al
(Com plaining to a H otel)-Task 1

Sam ple Lett er 1
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You are app lying fora job and n ee d a letterofreference from som eon e who kn ew
you when you were atschoo l.
W rite a letterto on e ofyou rold teac hers asking fora reference .In you rletter:
say whatjob you h ave app lied for
exp lain why you wantthis job
sugg estwhatinform ation the teac hershou ld include
W rite atlea st150 words.Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r
Dea rM rs Swee ney
How are you ? Ihop e everything is fine atthe schoo land thatyou h ave bee n well. I still
rem em berthe dyn ami c way in which you taugh tgramm arto m e and all ofthe teac her
trainee s in you rEng lish class .Thank s again fortho se im po rtantless on s.
Iam writi ng in conn ec tion with a letterof reference thatInee d fora job thatIhave
app lied forrece ntly. As Iam du e to g radu ate nextm on th, Ihave app lied fora po siti on as
an ESL teac herata private langu age schoo lin Tokyo, Japan. You mi gh trem em berm y
telli ng you ho w very m uch Ilook ed forward to teac hing and traveling around the world.
Now Ihave the
chance .Iam con fidentthatIca n m ake a d ifference in the lives ofstud ents who n ee d
to lea rn Eng lish.
In the letterofreference ,Iwou ld app rec iate it ifyou cou ld include inform ation related to
m y trustworthiness ,m y enthu siasm and m y cross -culturalawareness while in teac her
training college.As the job is in Japan, they do not h ave the chance to interview m e and
will
base theirdec ision largely on m y letters of reference .Iwou ld n ee d to h ave the letter
in two wee ks, by July 1 st.Thank you k ind ly in adv ance ,You rs since rely,
G race Smit h
Sam ple Lett er 2
You are go ing on a sho rttraining cou rse ata college in Sydn ey, Australia.You n ee d
som ewhere to live while you are there.

W rite a letterto the acc omm od ation o ffice ratthe college.In you rletter:
W rite a letterto the acc omm od ation o ffice ratthe college.In you rletter:
exp lain you rsituation
describe the acc omm od ation you requ ire
say when you will nee d it
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r
Dea rM rs Wa lker
Iam writi ng in conn ec tion with m y up comi ng training cou rse atyou rcollege in Sydn ey,
Australia.Iwill be there to attend the Brain-Based Lea rning p rog ram atVictoria College
fora period o fthree wee ks from July 2 stto July 22 st, 2010. I am hop ing thatyou will be
able to ass istm e with m y acc omm od ation arrang em ents.
As Iam sligh tly o lderthan m ostofthe o therparticipants,Iwou ld app rec iate it if
you cou ld find a private stud io apartm ent form e,close to the college.Itwou ld be idea l
ifIcou ld walk to schoo leac h d ay, bu tifno t,Iwou ld n ee d acce ss to pub lic
transpo rtation. Iund erstand som e ofthe events on ca m pu s finish qu ite late so I wou ld
preferno tto walk in an un famili ar n eighbou rhood afterdark. In term s ofthe
apartm ent,all Irequ ire is a bed, a desk, a
TV,an Internetconn ec tion, a kitchen and a b athroo m .M y budg etis around US $1000 for
3 wee ks.
As Iwill be arriving on July 1 st,Iwou ld n ee d the apartm entto b e available from that
nigh tun til the day o fm y d eparture,which is July 23 rd. M y lastnigh tin the apartm ent
wou ld b e July 22nd.
Plea se letm e kno w ifyou are able to find
such an apartm entand ifno t, p lea se
sugg estothersuitable arr ang em ents.Ilook forward to h ea ring from you,
You rs since rely, Jane G ood win (236 words)
Sam ple Lett er 3

You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You h ave bee n living in a rentalapartm ent forthe pastyea r.Rece ntly a new
neighbou rm ov ed in and h as bee n m aking a lotofno ise,which d isturbs you.
W rite a letterto the land lord. In your letter:
exp lain the situation
describe why it bo thers you
sugg esta solution
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r
Dea rM rShah
Ihop e you and you rfamil y are all well. I
am writi ng in conn ec tion with a prob lem I
have with the new tenant,Jac k, who h as m ov ed in do wnstairs.Unfortun ately, h is
habits and n ee ds app ea rto b e qu ite d ifferentfrom m y o wn.
The iss ue is thatJac k is a profess ion alm usician who p lays his elec tric gu itarlate into
the nigh t.Iund erstand h e is in a band and n ee ds to p rac tice ;ho wever,Ithink he ca nno t
do so in a residentialbu ilding such as ou rs.As Im ention ed to you when I sign ed the
lea se to the apartm ent,Iam a full-tim e writerwho works from ho m e.Form e,it is
ess entialto h ave silence so I ca n con ce ntrate on m y work. W ith Jac k p laying atall
hou rs,Ihave bee n un able to g etany o fm y writi ng don e,exce ptwhen h e is ou t.In som e
ca ses,Ihave even b ee n force d to lea ve the apartm entand work at
a nea rby coffee shop o rlibrary as the
gu itarplaying was ca using such a d isturbance .
Iwou ld app rec iate it ifyou cou ld spea k to Jac k and ask h im to turn do wn the vo lum e on
his gu itarorelse to u se hea dphon es. I h ave spok en to h im abou tit, bu tto no avail.Iwill
letyou kno w as soon as the situation im prov es.
Thank you k ind ly in adv ance and p lea se g ive m y b estregards to you rfamil y,
You rs since rely, M eg Snyd er
(234 words)

IELT S Lett er Topics -Inform al
1. Inviting a friend
You are study ing Eng lish ata private langu age schoo lattend ed by m any internation al
stud ents.You are plann ing a surprise birthd ay p arty fora friend who h as bee n fee ling
particularly sad and ho m esick. W rite to ano therclass m ate and
inv ite him /herto the party. In you rletter:
exp lain the rea son forthe party
give the date and tim e ofthe party
sugg estwhatthe class m ate cou ld b ring to the party
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
2. Advising a friend abouta holiday
An Eng lish-spea king friend wants to spend a two-wee k ho liday in you rregion and h as
writt en asking forinform ation and adv ice .W rite a letterto you rfriend. In you rletter:
offerto find som ewhere to stay
give adv ice abou twhatto do
give inform ation abou twhatclothes to b ring
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You
shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
3. Apolog izing to a friend
You bo rr owed an im po rtanttextbook from a class m ate lastterm .You no w rea lize you r
class m ate had returned ho m e
ov ersea s and you still have the book. W rite a letterto to h im /her.In your letter:
apo log ize forthe mi stake

find ou tho w im po rtantthe book is to h im /her
say whatyou will do
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
4. Thank ing a friend fora holiday
You h ave rece ntly b ee n to stay with an o ld friend fora few days.You h adn 'tsee n eac h
otherfora long tim e.W rite a letterto the friend. In you rletter:
say ho w you felt abou tthe visit
referto som ething enjoy able thatyou d id while staying with h im /her
inv ite you rfriend to v isit you
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
5. Advising a friend aboutw ork
An Eng lish-spea king friend is comi ng to study in you rtown n extyea rand h as writt en
asking forinform ation and adv ice .W rite a letterto you rfriend. In you rletter:
O fferto find a place forhim /herto live
G ive adv ice abou tho w to find a part-
tim e job
G ive inform ation on where he /she ca n lea rn you rlangu age
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r

You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
6. Forgetting som ething a ta friend 's You stayed atyou rfriend 's hou se when you
participated in a con ference in Australia.You lefta briefca se with im po rtantdo cum ents
in you rroo m .W rite a letterto you rfriend. In the letter:
thank you rfriend forthe stay
describe the briefca se
ask h im/ herto return it to you by po st
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
7. Rem ind ing a Friend
A yea rago, you lentyou rfavo rite book to a friend who you though twou ld enjoy it.
Unfortun ately, you rfriend h as forgo tten to return it.The book h as sentim entalvalue
to you as it had b ee n p resented by your g rand m other.W rite a letterto you rfriend.
In the letter:
ask ho w he orshe is do ing
remi nd h im /herabou tthe book
exp lain why you n ee d it bac k
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
8. Congratulating a Friend
You rbestfriend justhad h erfirstbaby. You are currently ov ersea s bu twill be
returning to you rho m etown in a wee k. W rite to you rfriend. In you rletter:
cong ratulate you rfriend

tell herwhen you will be returning ho m e
ask when you cou ld d rop in to m ee t h erand the baby
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea r
You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
9. Requ esting H elp
You rparents will be ce lebrating their40 th ann iversary n extm on th. You are plann ing a
big ce lebration, bu tyou are no tsure how to m ake the occa sion rea lly m em orable.
W rite to you rbestfriend, Joan, who is a p rofess ion aleventplann er.In you rletter:
exp lain why the occa sion is spec ial
ask forherass istance
setup a tim e to m ee tatyou rfriend 's conv enience to d iscuss you rplans
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rJoan, You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You
shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this
task.
10. Adm itting a M istake
You attend ed an o ld friend 's wedd ing in ano thercity, abou t3 hou rs away, a wee k ago. It
was an ou tdoo rwedd ing h eld on a rainy d ay and you h ad taken along a rather
exp ensive,elegantum brella.W hen you returned, you were tired and wentstraight to
bed. You h ad a very bu sy wee k. This wee kend, when it started to rain, you rea lize d you
had the wrong u m brella.You m usthave taken som eon e else's um brella,which was very
simil arto you rown, when lea ving the wedd ing rece ption. W rite to you rfriend who go t
m arr ied. In your
letter:
cong ratulate him /heron the b ea utifulwedd ing
exp lain the situation
ask ho w you ca n return this um brella and loca te you rown
Begin you rletteras follows:Dea rJoan

You shou ld write atlea st150 words.You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
Sam ple Lett er – Inform al(Com plaining to a H otel)-Task 1
Sam ple Lett er 1
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
Lastm on th you h ad a ho liday ov ersea s where you stayed with som e friend s.They h ave
justsentyou som e pho tos ofyour
ho liday.
W rite a letterto you rfriend s.In your letter:
thank them forthe pho tos and forthe ho liday
exp lain why you d idn 'twrite ea rlier
inv ite them to com e and stay with you
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r
Dea rAjay and Sun ita,
Thank s so m uch foryou rkind letterand the lov ely pho tos ofm y ho liday in M um bai.
Sorr y forthe delay in ac kno wledg ing you rm ail, bu tyour p ac kage arr ived justas I
was abou tto lea ve town on a bu siness trip. I've justreturned to Toron to tod ay.
Look ing atthe pho tos bring s bac k so m any h appy m em ories ofthe tim es we spent
tog etherand the wond erfulho spitalit y you extend ed to m e.Ifelt com pletely
pam pered by bo th o fyou !You surr ound ed m e with warm friend s, good food, am az ing
sigh ts, g rea tshopp ing, un forgettable culturalevents and laugh ter-fill ed evening s.I
wou ld h ave bee n lostwithout you. Ica n'tthank you enough.
These good m em ories gave m e an idea . I kno w you 've always wanted to v isitCanada.
W hy don 'tyou p lan a ho liday and stay with m e this summ er? The wea theris g rea tat
thattim e ofyea r,all tou ristsites are op en and Icou ld take two wee ks offfrom work.

Aside from see ing Toron to, we cou ld d rive to Niagara Falls,Thou sand Island s,M on trea l,
O ttawa and Q uebec
City. Iwou ld b e thrill ed ifyou cou ld m ake it.
Thank you bo th again forthe bea utiful ho liday and the pho tos which are alrea dy up on
m y wall.Now,I'm look ing forward to h ea ring from you.
Wa rm wishes,Carol
(216 words)
Sam ple Lett er 2
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
You h ave rece ntly started work in a new com pany.
W rite a letterto an Eng lish-spea king friend. In you rletter,
exp lain why you chang ed jobs
describe you rnew job
tell him /heryou rothernews
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r ,Dea rEva,
How are you ? Ihop e you 've bee n well.Sorr y forhaving b ee n ou toftou ch fora sho rt
while.There have bee n som e chang es in m y life and Iwanted to letyou kno w the latest
from m y side.
The big n ews is thatIhave finally chang ed m y job !Do you rem em berwhen you were
here on ho liday, Ialways talked abou thow Ihated m y bo ring b ank job ? We ll,it was clea r
Inee ded a chang e.So, finally, Itook
a part-tim e TE SL cou rse and trained to be
an ESL teac her.Now I'm working full-tim e in a private langu age schoo l.Iteac h G eneral
Eng lish, Business Eng lish and IELT S.Eac h d ay, Ilook forward to go ing to work. M y
stud ents com e from all ov erthe world and Ilov e teac hing them as wellas lea rning from
them .

Aside from that,Ialso m ov ed to a new apartm entnea rthe schoo lwhere Iwork. It's
sm all, bu tdo wntown, so Iam righ tin the hea rtofthe city, instea d o fway ou tin the
subu rbs.Sudd enly, there's so m any fun thing s to do, in the evening s too. Iam a m uch
happ ierperson tod ay b eca use of these rece ntchang es.
So, ho w abou tyou ? Ihop e you 'll have a chance to v isit Canada again soon. In the
m ea ntim e, p lea se write and letm e know
what's new with you. Wa rm wishes
Kim
(226 words)
Sam ple Lett er 3
You shou ld spend abou t20 mi nu tes on this task.
An Eng lish-spea king friend wants to spend a two-wee k ho liday in you rregion and h as
writt en asking forinform ation and adv ice .W rite a letterto you rfriend. In you rletter,
offerto find som ewhere to stay
give adv ice abou twhatto do
give inform ation abou twhatclothes to b ring
W rite atlea st150 words.
You do NO T nee d to write any add ress .Begin you rletteras follows:
Dea r ,Dea rJulie
Thank s so m uch foryou rlatestletter.I'm rea lly excited to h ea rthatyou 're plann ing to
visit Toron to. Itwill give m e a chance to take you around, as you d id so k ind ly
form e when Iwas in Am sterdam lastyea r.
Regarding you rvisit,Iwou ld b e happy to
help in any way po ss ible.First, un less you rea lly like freez ing wea ther,Isugg estyou
com e in the summ erm on ths ofJuly or Augu st.Though m ostho tels are exp ensive at
thattim e,we have som e wond erful
gu estsuites available in ou rhigh -rise bu ilding, foron ly abou t$50 p ernigh t.They are
fully furnished stud io apartm ents,with a kitchen, so you ca n h ave the op tion o f
ea ting in. Justletm e kno w you rdates and Ica n m ake a reservation foryou.
Summ eris also the tim e when all the tou ristsites are op en. We ca n v isit Centre Island,
Canada's W ond erland, Niagara Falls,the CN Tower,the Roy alO ntario M useum ,the

Science Centre and Thou sand Island s.The wea thershou ld be warm and com fortable,
around 25 – 30
degree s Celsius,so b ring you rinform alsumm erclothes,a swinsuit and an um brella too.
We do g etsumm ersho wers qu ite often.
Ica n'twait foryou to com e!W rite soon with m ore details,
Wa rm wishes
Irene
(207 words)
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