IELTS_Visuals

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Course Material and
Supplements

For Academic Candidates
Ebrahim Tahasoni
Cert TESOL, Academic IELTS 9.0
www.tahasoni.com

 Version 2.7.4 (18 .20 -6.10 .13)
 Downloaded from www.tahasoni.com or www.myLA.ir
 For more resources, visit www.tahasoni.com/resources or www.tahasoni.com/ttc

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 1 www.tahasoni.com

Understanding the Rubric


WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below give information about world spending and population.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features,
and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.



The Task

Tasks involve reporting the data in a visual item or a collection of data such as a table.

The task is to write a report:

 Summarise the information in the visual or set of data:
o Select the main features
o Report the main features
 Make comparisons were relevant
 Spend about 20 minutes on the task
 Minimum 150 words  165 -170 words

Note: Fin ish task one during the first 20 minutes of your writing test and then move on to task 2. Do not swap!


The Answer Sheet

The first two pages of the IELTS writing answer sheet are dedicated to task one and have 30 lines. Although you
may ask for extra she ets to write your answer in, it is not likely to become necessary since the space you are
already provided with is way more than sufficient.

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 2 www.tahasoni.com

You may be given a single visual or a combination of 2 or 3 different task types.

A. Line graphs





1. Single -variable line graph 2. Multiple -variable line graph



B. Charts





1. Single -variable bar chart 2. Multiple -variable bar chart








0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
1960 1980 2000 2020
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
1960 1980 2000 2020
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
1960 1980 2000 2020
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
1960 1980 2000 2020

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 3 www.tahasoni.com






3. Comparison bar chart 4. Pie chart



C. Tables



D. Process, Flowchart or Cycle Diagrams


0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
Germany
Maldives
Peru
1st Qtr
2nd Qtr
3rd Qtr
4th Qtr

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 4 www.tahasoni.com
E. Maps




1. Comparison map 2. Development map

F. Multiple Task Types

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 5 www.tahasoni.com

Every report is read four times by an examiner and each time, it will be marked on one of the following criteria:
 Task Achievement (TA)
 Coherence and Cohesion (CC)
 Lexical Resource (LR)
 Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)

Task Achievement (TA)
This criterion assesses how appropriately, accurately and relevantly the response fulfils the requirements set out
in the task, using the minimum of 150 words.
Academic Writing Task 1 is a writing task which has a defined input and a largely predictable output. It is basically
an information -transfer task which relates narrowly to the factual content of the input data or diagram and NOT
to speculated explanations that lie outside the provided diagram or data.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Have you summarised the information appropriately by selecting and properly reporting the main
features ?
2. Have you made comparisons properly and sufficiently?
3. Have you provided overviews of the main trends/comparisons/stages?
4. Have you written a clear overview or summary for the report?
Coherence and Cohesion (CC)
This criterion is concerned with the overall clarity and fluency of the message: how the response organises and
links information, ideas and language. Coherence refers to the linking of ideas through logical sequencing.
Cohesion refers to the varied and appropriate use of cohesive devices (for exampl e, logical connectors,
pronouns and conjunctions) to assist in making the conceptual and referential relationships between and within
sentences clear.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Have you orga nised your information logically?
2. Is there an overall flow or progression in your report?
3. Have you used linkers correctly, properly and sufficiently?
4. Have pronouns been used correctly and do they have clear references?
5. Have you organised the text in paragr aphs logically and sufficiently?

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 6 www.tahasoni.com

Lexical Resource (LR)
This criterion refers to the range of vocabulary the candidate has used and the accuracy and appropriacy of that
use in terms of the specific task.
The examiner takes the following points into account when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Words
a. Range and flexibility
b. Level
c. Precision
d. Style
e. Collocation
2. Vocabulary mistakes
a. Spelling
b. Word choice
c. Word formation
Note: when evaluating mistakes, the effect each has on the reader and the intelligibility of your report is taken into
account.
Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)
This criterion refers to the range and accurate use of the candidate’s grammatical resource as m anifested in the
candidate’s writing at the sentence level.
The examiner has the following questions in mind when assessing this aspect of your report:
1. Have you used a variety of sentence structures?
2. How often have you used compound structures?
3. Mistakes
a. Gr ammar
b. Punctuation
Note: when evaluating mistakes, the effect each has on the reader and the intelligibility of your report is taken into
account.

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 7 www.tahasoni.com
IELTS Task 1 Writing band descriptors (public version)
Band Task Achievement Coherence and
Cohesion
Lexical Resource Grammatical Range and
Accuracy
9  fully satisfies all the
requirements of the
task
 clearly presents a fully
developed response
 uses cohesion in such
a way that it attracts
no attention
 skilfully manages
paragraphing
 uses a wide range of
vocabulary with very
natural and
sophisticated control
of lexical features; rare
minor errors occur only
as ‘slips’
 uses a wide range of
structures with full
flexibility and accuracy;
rare minor errors occur
only as ‘slips’
8  covers all
requirements of the
task sufficiently
 presents, highlights
and illustrates key
features/ bullet points
clearly and
appropriately
 sequences
information and ideas
logically
 manages all aspects
of cohesion well
 uses paragraphing
sufficiently and
appropriately
 uses a wide range of
vocabulary fluently and
flexibly to convey
precise meanings
 skilfully uses
uncommon lexical
items but there may be
occasional inaccuracies
in word choice and
collocation
 produces rare errors in
spelling and/or word
formation
 uses a wide range of
structures
 the majority of
sentences are error -
free
 makes only very
occasional errors or
inappropriacies
7  covers the
requirements of the
task
 (Academic) presents a
clear overview of main
trends, differences or
stages
 (General Training)
presents a clear
purpose , with the tone
consistent and
appropriate
 clearly presents and
highlights key
features/bullet points
but could be more
fully extended
 logically organises
information and ideas;
there is clear
progression
throughout
 uses a range of
cohesive devices
appropriately
although there may
be some under -/over -
use
 uses a sufficient range
of vocabulary to allow
some flexibility and
precision
 uses less common
lexical items with some
awareness of style and
collocation
 may produce
occasional errors in
word choice, spelling
and/or word formation
 uses a variety of
complex structures
 produces frequent
error -free sentences
 has good control of
grammar and
punctuation but may
make a few errors
6  addresses the
requirements of the
task
 (Academic) presents
an overview with
information
appropriately selected
 (General Training)
presents a purpose
that is generally clear ;
there may be
inconsistencies in tone
 presents and
adequately highlights
key features/ bullet
points but details may
be irrelevant,
inappropriate or
inac curate
 arranges information
and ideas coherently
and there is a clear
overall progression
 uses cohesive devices
effectively , but
cohesion within
and/or between
sentences may be
faulty or mechanical
 may not always use
referencing clearly or
appropriately
 uses an adequate
range of vocabulary
for the task
 attempts to use less
common vocabulary
but with some
inaccuracy
 makes some errors in
spelling and/or word
formation, but they do
not impede
communication
 uses a mix of simple
and complex sentence
forms
 make s some errors in
grammar and
punctuation but they
rarely reduce
communication

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 8 www.tahasoni.com

5
 generally addresses the
task; the format may be
inappropriate in places
 (Academic) recounts
detail mechanically with
no clear overview ; there
may be no data to
support the de scription
 (General Training) may
present a purpose for the
letter that is unclear at
times ; the tone may be
variable and sometimes
inappropriate
 presents, but
inadequately covers , key
features/ bullet points;
there may be a tendency
to focus on details
 pre sents information
with some
organisation but there
may be a lack of
overall progression
 makes inadequate ,
inaccurate or over -use
of cohesive devices
 may be repetitive
because of lack of
referencing and
substitution
 uses a limited range of
vocabulary, but this is
minimally adequate
for the task
 may make noticeable
errors in spelling
and/or word
formation that may
cause some difficulty
for the reader
 uses only a limited
range of structures
 attempts complex
sentences but these
tend to be less
accurate than si mple
sentences
 may make frequent
grammatical errors
and punctuation may
be faulty; errors can
cause some difficulty
for the reader
4  attempts to address the
task but does not cover
all key features/bullet
points; the format may be
inappropriate
 (General Training) fails to
clearly explain the
purpose of the letter; the
tone may be
inappropriate
 may confuse key
features/bullet points
with detail; parts may be
unclear, irrelevant,
repetitive or inaccurate
 presents information
and ideas but these
are not arra nged
coherently and there is
no clear progression in
the response
 uses some basic
cohesive devices but
these may be
inaccurate or
repetitive
 uses only basic
vocabulary which may
be used repetitively or
which may be
inappropriate for the
task
 has limited co ntrol of
word formation
and/or spelling; errors
may cause strain for
the reader
 uses only a very
limited range of
structures with only
rare use of
subordinate clauses
 some structures are
accurate but errors
predominate, and
punctuation is often
faulty
3  fails to address the task,
which may have been
completely
misunderstood
 presents limited ideas
which may be largely
irrelevant/repetitive
 does not organise
ideas logically
 may use a very limited
range of cohesive
devices, and those
used may not indicate
a logical relationship
between ideas
 uses only a very
limited range of words
and expressions with
very limited control of
word formation
and/or spelling
 errors may severely
distort the message
 attempts sentence
forms but errors in
grammar and
punctuation
pre dominate and
distort the meaning
2  answer is barely related
to the task
 has very little control
of organisational
features
 uses an extremely
limited range of
vocabulary; essentially
no control of word
formation and/or
spelling
 cannot use sentence
forms ex cept in
memorised phrases
1  answer is completely
unrelated to the task
 fails to communicate
any message
 can only use a few
isolated words
 cannot use sentence
forms at all
0  does not attend
 does not attempt the task in any way
 writes a totally memorised response
 does not attempt the task in any way
 writes a totally memorised response

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 9 www.tahasoni.com








Line Graphs

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 10 www.tahasoni.com


A) Verbs and nouns for describing trends and changes:

Trend Verbs Nouns

 rise (rose -risen) [to/by]
 increase [to/by]
 go (went -gone) up [to/by]
 climb [to/by]
 grow (grew -grown) [to/by]
 double
 treble/triple
 boom
 surge
 soar
 rocket [to/by]

 a rise [of]
 an increase [of]
 a growth [of]
 an upward trend
 a doubling in + n.
 a trebling in + n.
 a boom
 a surge

 fall (fell -fallen) [to/by]
 decline [to/by]
 decrease [to/by]
 dip (dipped) [to/by]
 drop (dropped) [to/by]
 go (went -gone) down [to/by]
 plummet [to/by]
 plunge [to/by]
 dive [to/by]
 deteriorate
 slump [to/by]

 a fall [of]
 a decline [of]
 a decrease [of]
 a drop [of]
 a reduction
 a slump
 a plunge
 do (did) not change
 remain/stay + stable/steady/static/unchanged [at]
 maintain the same level

 no change
Position
 stood at/was
 level (levelled) off [at]
 plateau (plateaued) [at]
 level (levelled) out [at]
 stabilise [at]
 peaked [at]
 reached

 a levelling off [at]
 a plateau [at]
 reached a high/peak of
 reached a low of
Constant
Change  fluctuated [around]

 a fluctuation

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 11 www.tahasoni.com

B) Adjectives and adverbs for degree of change:

Degree Adjective Adverb

Very extensive change
dramatic dramatically
huge n/a
enormous enormously
tremendous tremendously

Extensive change
substantial substantially
considerable considerably
significant significantly
remarkable remarkably

Average change
noticeable noticeably
marked markedly
moderate moderately

Small change
slight slightly
small n/a
minimal minimally

C) Adjectives and adverbs for speed of change:

Speed Adjective Adverb
Quick change
rapid rapidly
quick quickly
sharp sharply
swift swiftly
steep steeply

Slow change
steady steadily
gradual gradually
slow slowly

Unexpected change
sudden suddenly
unexpected unexpectedly
abrupt abruptly

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 12 www.tahasoni.com

1. Past:

Simple past (to report actions happening after each other)

2. Present:
a) If the task represents changes or actions which happen regularly (such as a process or
a chart displaying general average values):

 Simple present (for graphs, charts and tables)
 Simple present and present perfect (for processes and cycles)

b) If the trend starts in the past, reaches now and has a break point at the present time:

Present perfect for the trend that begins in the past

Simple present for reporting its present value

Example:



It stood at 20 in 1983 and doubled over the next 10 years to level off at 40, after which it remained
constant until 200 3. Since then, there has been a considerable increase and it now stands at 50.
However, there will probably be a rapid fall in the last 10 years and it is expected to reach 30.
1983 1993 2003 2013 2023

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 13 www.tahasoni.com

c) If the trend start in the past, passes now into the future and has a breakpoint sometime
in the future

Present perfect for the trend that begins in the past

Future structures (look at number 3 below) to report the value it will reach in
the first future breakpoint


Example:



In 1985 it stood at 20 and doubled over the next 10 years to level off at 40 and remained constant
until 2005. Since then, it has experienced a considerable increase and is expected to reach 50 in
20 20 (or: …and predictions show that it will reach 50 in 20 20 ). However, there will be a rapid fall in
the last 10 years and it will reach 30.








1990 2000 2010 2020 2030

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 14 www.tahasoni.com

3. Future:


“Will” future and other academic structures for predicting the future


Generally, use “will” future for future events. Structures like “should”, “be likely to” , “seem
likely to/that” and the following can also be used:

Structure set 1:

Predictions
Expectations
Anticipations
Forecasts
Estimates
Evaluations
Calculations
show
reveal
indicate
[that] it will drop dramatically.

Structure set 2:

It is
predicted
expected
anticipated
forecast
estimated
evaluated
calculated
that gold prices will drop dramatically.

Structure set 3:

Gold prices are
predicted
expected
anticipated
forecast
estimated
evaluated
calculated
to drop dramatically.

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 15 www.tahasoni.com

Notice how the verbs in the following paragraphs have been changed from past forms into
future forms:

In 1999, the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA was about 20%.
The figures for Canada and Mexico were lower, at about 10% and 5%
respectively. In 2005, Internet usage in both the USA and Canada rose to
around 70% of the population, while the figure for Mexico reached just over
25%.

In 2015, the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA is expected to
be about 20%. The figures for Canada and Mexico are likely to be lower, at
about 10% and 5% respectively. In 2025, it is predicted that Internet usage in
both the USA and Canada will rise to around 70% of the population, while the
figure for Mexico should reach just over 25%.

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 16 www.tahasoni.com

1. First event:
At/In the beginning,
At first,

In the first year,
In the first month,

In 1999,
In January,

In the first year, 1999,
In the first year (1999),

2. Middle events:
…and…
…but…
However, Nevertheless,

Then,
Next,
After this/that,
Following this/that,
Afterwards,

This is followed by +

…following which…
…after which…

…which is followed by… +

…until…after which…
…until…following which…
…until…when…

…before… +
during/ over the next…years
…years later,

3. Final event:
Finally,
Ultimately,

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 17 www.tahasoni.com

1. x  y
2. x ± Δ
3. Proportional changes
4. R ounding
– For Trends:
relatively
rather
almost

– For Values:
Roughly
Almost
About
Approximately
Around
Just about
Well/just below
Well/just above
A little/slightly more than
A little/slightly less than

5. Referencing

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 18 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below gives information about Dubai gold sales in 2002.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Sample answer by E. Tahasoni:

The diagram illustrates how gold sales in Dubai changed over a period of 12 months.

It is observed that in the first month of 2002, gold sales stood at 200 million dirhams and rose slightly
to reach about 225 million in February. This was followed by anot her increase, although much steeper,
in March when sales were almost 125 million dirhams higher than February. However, this upward
trend was suddenly broken and sales plummeted dramatically over the next 4 months to reach a little
over 100 million dirhams in July. August sales saw a significant rise back to January levels as figures
nearly doubled, but this was not to last since they dropped again in September to the same level as
they were in July. October came with a small increase of about 100 million d irhams in sales, after which
sales figures levelled off and remained relatively static over the last two months of 2002.

Overall, gold sales in Dubai remained relatively unchanged in 2002. Besides, they were at their highest
in March while the weakest sal es figures could be observed in July and September.

(184 words)

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 19 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below gives information about the number of cases of diarrhea in Mashhad between
1983 and 1992.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 20 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below gives information about the number of parcels delivered by two major mail
services companies from 1920 to 2000.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Parcels delivered by Federal Express and TNT Mail Services




0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
FedEx
TNT

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 21 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below gives information about the number of books rented in a British local library in
2009.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.

Malton Town Library: Books Rented 2009

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 22 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below gives information about birth and death rates in Switzerland from 1970 to 2020
according to United Nations statistics.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Switzerland birth and death rates 1970 -2020

millions





0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Births
Deaths

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 23 www.tahasoni.com







Comparison Bar
Charts

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 24 www.tahasoni.com

A. Introducing Differences
Generally, there is
a significant difference between a and b.
a wide disparity in + n.
B. Comparative Structures
1 In contrast (to B),
In comparison (with B), A is larger/smaller by a narrow margin.
by x.

2 A is [just]+[under/over]
[approximately] x larger/smaller than B.

3 A is [under/over] twice
two/three times as large/great/high as B.

4 A produces/consumes/… more/less + uncountable n.
more/fewer + countable n. than B.

5 A is considerably/substantially
marginally/slightly greater/higher/smaller than B.

6 A is [almost/roughly /…] As large/high as B.
C. Superlative Structures
1 A is the [second/third] largest/smallest/ most significant/ most productive/ … + n.

2 A has the [second/third] greatest/widest/ most significant/most productive/ … + n.

3 A
uses
produces
consumes
the largest/highest/smallest/lowest
proportion of + n.
quantity of + n.
amount of + uncountable n.
number of + countable n.

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 25 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below give information about travel to and from the UK, and about the most popular
countries for UK residents to visit.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comp arisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Answer by E. Tahasoni:

The first diagram compares changes in the number of British tourists who travelled abroad with that of
foreign visitors to the United Kingdom over the last 20 years of the previous century. According to the
graph, the former initially stood at more than 12 million and grew six -fold at the end of the survey. In
comparison, the latter number was slightly less than that of the British tourists at the beginning of this
period an d experienced similar yet less intensive trends, reaching approximately half as high by the end of
the century.

The bar chart reveals the top 5 countries visited by the British in the last year of the above survey . It can be
observed that while France and Spain absorbed the largest numbers of British tourists with about 11 and 9
million visits respectively, Turkey was the least popular among the five, visited by only about 30% as many
British as France.

Overall , tourism from and to the United Kingdom boom ed in the 1980s and 90s. Moreover, most of the trips
made by the British abroad were to 5 countries only.

(185 words)

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 26 www.tahasoni.com

Sample answer by E. Tahasoni:
The diagram compares the spending habits of shoppers in five European countries on six consumer
products, namely personal stereos, tennis racquets, colognes, compact disks, toys and photographic film.

It can be observed that in Britain, the highest amount of money was spent on photographic film (more than
170 million pounds), while similar amounts were spent on personal stereos and tennis racquets. The
French spent the second highest amount of money on the first three products while they stood last in the
latter three. It is also revealed that Italians spent more money on toys than on any other product (a bit less
than £160 million), but they also paid a lot for photographic film. Finally, Germans spent the least overall,
having similar spending figures for all 6 products compared in the chart.

Overall , more money was spent on toys and photographic film than on any other product. Also, the British
were the biggest spenders in all six categories among the nations compared in the bar chart while the
lowest sp ending levels were attributed to the residents of Germany.

(17 8 words)

Master IELTS Visuals IELTS Academic Writing Task One
Ebrahim Tahasoni Page 27 www.tahasoni.com

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the different levels of post -school qualifications in Australia and the
proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Post -school qualifications in Australia according to gender 1999

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Pie Charts

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The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.
(Cambridge IELTS 4, page 54)




Fill the gaps below using words from the following list.

appliances remaining account proportion for largest household

In an average English home, the ______ ______ of electricity, 52.5%, is used for heating rooms
and water.

Three kitchen ______, namely ovens, kettles and washing machines, ______ ______ 17.5% of
______ electricity use.

The ______ 30% of electricity is used for lighting, televisions and radios (15%), and vacuum
cleaners, food mixers and electric tools (15%).


Heating rooms,
heating water
52%
Ovens, kettles,
washing machines
18%
Lighting, TV, radio
15%
Vaccum cleaners, food
mixers, electric tools
15%
What the electricity is used for

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below give information about world spending and population.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words.





Sample answer by E. Tahasoni (166 -182 words):
The first pie chart compares the shares of four major items in global expenditure. It is observed that the most
significant amounts are paid for food (almost a quarter of global expenditure) and transport (almost 20%), while
housing also accounts for a con siderable proportion. The least among the four is spent on clothing (merely 6
percent) and the remaining 40% is spent on a variety of other items.
The second diagram illustrates how global population is distributed. According to this chart, there is a sign ificant
difference between the population of Asia and that of other continents since 3 out of every 5 human beings live
in Asia. Europe and the Americas share similar proportions and together are host to roughly one -third of the
world’s population, while t he inhabitants of Africa form a mere one -tenth.
To sum up, four items are responsible for three -fifths of the overall spending around the world, the most
prominent share being that of food. Moreover, the largest group of humans populates Asia , the populati on of
which outnumbers that of the rest of the world by 3 to 2 .
Please note: The words in gray background have been added for a higher TA score; yet without them, the writing
would probably still score around 8.5 -9.
Food 24%
Clothing
6%
Housing
12% Transport
18%
Other 40%
World Spending
Europe
14%
Americas
14%
Africa
10%
Asia
57%
Other
5%
World Population

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(Source: Cambridge IELTS 8, Test 2, Writing Task 1)


Sample Answer by E. Tahasoni:

The charts compare changes in the shares of five different items which comprised the yearly expenses of a
British school between 1981 and 2001.

According to the diagrams, wages paid to the teaching staff accounted for the most significant proportion of
expenditure in 1981 (40%) and went up by a quarter before declining slightly. In comparison, the share of
furniture and equipment was initially as high as that of educational resources (15%), but while the f ormer
dropped by 2/3 before rising fivefold, the latter experienced a marked rise after which it halved, reaching
just below 10%.

The salaries of non -academic employees were responsible for less than a third of all expenses in 1981 but
their share dipped substantially by 13% over the course of these 20 years. Lastly, the contribution of
insurance remained constant at an insignificant level (2%) until 2001 when it climbed fourfold.

Overall, while the shares of three items experienced rises, there were declines in the remaining two.
Moreover, academic staff salaries contributed the largest proportion of expenditure throughout the survey,
whereas insurance had the smallest share.


(180 words)

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Tables

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows social and economic indicators for four countries in 1994, according to
United Nations statistics.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words.



Indicators Canada Japan Peru Angola
Annual income per person (in
$US) 11100 15760 160 130
Life expectancy at birth 76 78 51 47
Daily calorie supply per person 3326 2846 1927 1749
Adult literacy rate (%) 99 99 68 34

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Process and
Cycle Diagrams

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Process:


Cycle:



…and the process/procedure/cycle starts over again.


A. Tenses:

Generally, the present simple tense is used to report actions which regularly happen in a process .
Sometimes, the present perfect may also be used to signify the completion of a stage
B. Passive vs. Active form
I. Natural events
For events which happen autonomously in nature, such as rain, formation of clouds or erosion o
f mountains, generally use the active form unless you need to shift focus from the subject to the
object of the stage.

II. Artificial events
In artificial stages, the human subjects are usu ally ignored so use the passive to focus on what is
being done. If the subject has also been mentioned in the diagram, add it as an "agent".

A B C
A
B C

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When you need to report the means or tool used to perform a stage, avoid using "by":

 For tools: It is done using/through the use of a...

 For methods: It is done through/via...

… is used to
The role of … is to
The … prevents/stops/protects/avoids … from < +ing/ n>
The … allows … to





A. The first stage

First,
Firstly,
First off,
First of all,
In the first stage,
At/In the beginning,

The first stage is when
The process begins/starts/commences when
The process begins with +

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B. Middle stages:

Next,
Then
After this/that ,
Following this/that ,
Afterwards,

In the following stage,
In the stage after/following this,
In the stage that follows,
Over the course of/During the next/following/second/third stage,

This is followed by +

When/After/Once ,
. When/Once this stage is complete,
before

Before ,

after/following which
which is followed by

C. Last stage:

Finally,
Ultimately,
Eventually,

The last/final stage is when
The process ends when
The process ends with

before finally

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Model Answer by E. Tahasoni:
The first diagram illustrates the process through which cement is produced. The process begins when the initial
raw materials, namely limestone and clay, are crushed using two rotating drums to make a fine powder which is
then mixed in a cylindrical mixer. The next stage involves a tu be -like rotating heater with a blowtorch mounted
at its bottom opening. The mixed powder is fed from the top and simultaneously heated and blended, after
which it is transferred to a grinder using a conveyor belt. There, it is milled to yield the final cem ent product
which is eventually packed in bags.
This cement is used as raw material in the production of concrete in a second, rather simpler process illustrated
in the second picture. An initial mixture comprising 15% cement, 10% water, one -quarter sand a nd half gravel is
fed into a rotating concrete mixer where they are stirred until the concrete mix is ready for construction
purposes.
To sum up, there are 5 stages in the production of cement. Moreover, cement and a few other simple
ingredients are used t o produce concrete through a single -stage procedure.
(184 words)

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows the process of using water to produce electricity.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer by E. Tahasoni:
The picture explains the process through which water is used to produ ce electrical power .
The process begins when seawater is heated by the sun and evaporates to form small clouds in the sky. Next,
they merge into a storm could, which then rains over the mountain. This rainwater is gathered in the reservoir
behind a dam. To following steps invo lve a pipe which connects the reservoir to a turbine as well as a pump, and
is controlled using a valve. Once this valve is opened, water flows into the turbine and rotates it to produce
electrical current, following which it is pumped back into the reserv oir. After this, the electricity produced by the
turbine is transferred to the transformer station though high voltage cables. The last stage is when the electrical
power being delivered to domestic and industrial consumers as well as educational and medic al facilities.
Overall, hydroelectric power is generated using water from the sea through a relatively sophisticated procedure
which comprises over ten stages .
(169 words)

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows the life cycle of the honey bee.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words.










Nymph: immature form of an insect
Moult: shed or lose old feathers, hair or skin
to allow for new growth
Model Answer by E. Tahasoni:
The chart illustrates the stages in the life of honey bees. All in all, th is life cycle is comprised of six stages from
egg to full maturity, and takes approximately five weeks (34 to 36 days to be exact) to complete.
The first stage is when the female bee lay s up to a couple of oval eggs once every 72 hours. These eggs hatch
between nine and ten days later, an d immature bees, called nymphs , emerge which lack the typical bee stripes.
Over the next 3 weeks nymphs experience three moulting stages , that is, they shed their skins to allow further
growth to occur: The first moulting happening 5 days after the eggs ha tch , a week after which the second one
takes place. Nine days later nymphs moult for a third time and young adult honey bees emerge , identified by
their horizontally striped backs. These take four more days to mature into larger adult bees whose backs are
marked with bolder and darker stripes, and the cycle starts over again.
(170 words)

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows the process of producing construction broicks.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer by A. Tootoonchi (TA: 9 | CC: 8 | LR: 7 | GRA: 8 | Overall: 8)
The picture illustrates how bricks are produced.
The process begins when clay is dug out through the use of a digger, which is followed by clay passing through a
metal grid. Fine clay is then carried by a roller after which sand and water are added to it. In the next stage,
either this mixture is pressed through a frame an d cut into bricks using a wire cutter, or it is put into moulds and
formed into bricks. Following that, the bricks are dried in a drying oven for one to two days. The next three
stages involve two kilns connected to a cooling chamber. The dried bricks are first heated from 200 to 980
degrees centigrade, before being exposed to high temperature (870 to 1300 degrees). They are then cooled
within 48 to 72 hours. Eventually, they are packed and delivered to customers by trucks.
Overall, the procedure of produci ng bricks is comprised of ten stages which are rather simple.
(161 words)

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows the process of producing construction broicks.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Model Answer by E. Tahasoni (Band 9):
The chart illustrates the procedure through which bricks are produced for construction work.
It commences when raw clay is dug using a digger machine following which it is sifted through a metal grid into
finer fragments which then fall onto a conveyor belt. In the next stage, water and sand are added and the
resulting mixture is either pushed through a frame and cut into s imple bricks, or is moulded into specially -formed
bricks. These are then placed in a special oven for two to three days in order to minimise their moisture content.
The following three stages involve the use of a couple of kilns and a cooling chamber: bric ks are first heated
moderately in the first kiln to reach a temperature of between 200 and 980 degrees centigrade before being
subjected to higher temperatures (870 to 1300 degrees) in the second one. Next, they are allowed to cool down
for two to three da ys in the cooling chamber. The process ends with the bricks being packed on palettes and
delivered to end users on trucks.
Overall, the process of producing bricks is comprised of ten relatively simple stages during which clay , sand and
water is used to pr oduce baked bricks.
(201 words)

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Maps

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at the top /bottom
on the right/left side
in the right/left hand corner
in the middle
Along
Across [from]
Opposite
Close to
Adjacent to
Next to
Beside
10 miles from
10 miles to the right of
10 miles north of
… is situated/ located /sited/ positioned + around/above/below/inside/next to …
… is situated/ located/ sited /positioned + to the right of/to the north of
… is covered with …
… is connected to … via/through/by means of …

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Residential area: an area that has lots of houses and some schools.
Industrial area: an area that has lots of factories
Commercial area: an area that has lots of stores

Hospital: a health facility where patients receive treatment
Zoo: a place where people can go and see many kinds of animals
Post office: a place where you can send mail ( letters and packages)
Fire station: a station housing fire apparatus and firemen
Airport: an airfield equipped with control tower and hangers as well as accommodations for passengers and
cargo
Park: a recreational area where people can play football and ha ve picnics
Skyscraper: very tall buildings

Warehouse: a building where things are kept until they are sold.
Parking lot: an area where people can park cars
Museum: a place that displays things of scientific or historical or artistic value
Supermarket: a large store that sells mostly food but sometimes other items such as clothes and furniture.
Factory: an industrial plant, a production facility,

Woodland: an area with lots of trees
River: a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)
Street: the place where cars drive
Intersection: the point where several streets meet.

Remove: remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, taking off, etc.
Develop: to make
Change: modify
Construct: to build
Demolish: to destroy a building or other struct ure completely
Replace: to take the place of or substitute for somebody or something
Expand: to become or make something become larger

Recreation: an activity that is exciting, stimulating or relaxing. For example, bike riding and playing football are
rec reational activities.
Proximity: closeness

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The map below is of the town of Garlsdon and shows two possible sites for a new supermarket.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.

Model Answer by an Examiner (from Cambridge IELTS book 5) :
The first potential location (S1) is outside the town itself, and is sited just off the main road to the town
of Hindon, lying 12 kilometres to the north -west. This site is in the countryside and so woul d be able to
accommodate a lot of car parking. This would make it accessible to shoppers from both Hindon and
Garlsdon who could travel by car. Since it is also close to the railway line linking the two towns to
Cransdon (25 km to the south -east), a potent ially large number of shoppers would also be able to
travel by train.
In contrast, the suggested location, S2, is right in the town centre, which would be good for local
residents. Theoretically the store could be accessed by road or rail from the surround ing towns,
including Bransdon, but as the central area is a no -traffic zone, cars would be unable to park and access
would be difficult.
Overall, neither site is appropriate for all the towns, but for customers in Cransdon, Hindon and
Garlsdon, the out -of -town site (S1) would probably offer more advantages.
(179 words)

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
Chorleywood is a village near London whose population has increased steadily since the middle of the
nineteenth century. The map below shows the development of the village.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer by E. Tahasoni (173 -206 words):
The map shows how a village called Chorleywood developed over a period of 126 years.
From 1868 to 1883 there were only two main roads in the region with Chorleywood covering a small area along one of them.
Over the next 40 years, the village grew southward alongside th e road and a railway was built in 1909 passing through this
part. Chorleywood station is also located in this area of the village.
Over the period between 1922 and 1970, the railway was the line along which Chorleywood expanded, both towards the
east and w est. However, a motorway was constructed in 1970 parallel to one of the main roads and further development of
the village occurred around its intersections with the other main road and the railway between 1970 and 1994. Furthermore,
Chorleywood Park and Go lf course is now located in an area enclosed by the two main roads, the railway and this
motorway.
Overall, the village saw considerable growth in the development of new inhabited areas during this period which increased
in volume as well as speed towards the end of the 20th century . Furthermore, the developments , both in the establishment
of new populated areas and transportation routes, occurred over four phases.

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Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagrams below show th e site of a school in 2004 and the plan for changes to the school site in 2024.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer ( 211 w ords):
The maps illustrate how a school site is planned to be developed over a 20 -year period.
In 2004, there was only one car park to the west of the site where the main entrance to the school was located. There were
also two school buildings, accommodating 600 students altogether, separated by a path running from the main entrance to
the sports field in the east. The school was surrounded by woodland in the north, south and east.
There are plans to increase the number of students served by the school is by 400 in 2024. A s a result, a new school building
will replace the old sports field, and the two original buildings are going to be joined together. The old path will then
connect these to the new building number 3, no longer running to the main entrance. Furthermore, a p art of the woodland
in the east is planned to be deforested and replaced by a new car park as well as a new, smaller sports field. Finally, a new
road will be paved passing south of the school building, which will connect the two car parks.
Overall, there will be extensive developments with regards to construction of buildings, facilities and roads in the school
site during these 20 years.

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Writing Task 1
Answer Sheet

WRITING ANSWER BOOKLET
Candidate Name: ........................................................... Candidate Number: ..................................................Centre Number: ................................................................. Date: ........................................................................
Module: ACADEMIC
GENERAL TRAINING (Tick as appropriate)
TASK 1
EXAMINER’S USE ONLY
EXAMINER 2 NUMBER: ..........................................
CANDIDATE NUMBER: ............................................. EXAMINER 1 NUMBER: ..........................................
INTERNATIONAL ENGLISH LANGUAGE TESTING SYSTEM

EXAMINER 2
TASK 1
EXAMINER 1
TASK 1– 2 –
EXAMINER’S USE ONLY TA CC LR GRA
TA CC LR GRA
UNDERLENGTH NO OF
WORDS PENALTY
OFF-TOPIC
MEMORISED ILLEGIBLE
UNDERLENGTH NO OF
WORDS PENALTY
OFF-TOPIC
MEMORISED ILLEGIBLE
X