ielts_vocabulary_5_tourism_travel_transport

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IELTS
Vocabulary
5 .
Tourism, Travel, Transport

• Words
• Collocations
• Articles









Jamshid Safarov 2019

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5
Tourism, Transport, Travel

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Tourism

Tourism Vocabulary in pictures .

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Nouns:
• tourists – visitors or sightseers from another country
• litter – waste or garbage dropped in public places
• green areas / natural spaces
• natural habitat – the place in nature that particular
species calls home.
• an influx – an arrival or entry of large numbers of people
or things.
“a massive influx of tourists”
• byproduct – an un intended but inevitable secondary
result.
“he saw poverty as the by -product of colonial prosperity”
Verbs:
• flood to – fill up, or take over completely
• pave over – cover with concrete, usually to build
something new
Collocations:
• in their wake – the path or course of anything that has
passed or preceded.
“The tornado left ruin in its wake.”
• respect the customs – pay attention and follow the rules
and social rituals of another nation

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Types of tourism


Travellers can be divided into categories based on the aim
of their trip or activities they participate in:
Business travel – A trip undertaken for work or business
purposes. Typically people on business trips are still
working and being paid for their time. Business travel
usually includes activities such as attending meetings,
conferences or exhibitions related to one's professional
field.

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Leisure travel – The opposite of business travel. It’s a trip
undertaken for pleasure and relaxation, a break from
everyday life.


Travel seasons
In the tourism industry, a year is divided into three main
seasons that depend on the destination and type of
vacation:
Peak season (High Season) – the most popular time of a
year to visit a particular destination, resort, or hotel. It
usua lly corresponds with school or public holidays, such as
Christmas or Easter, and with times when the weather is the
best for a particular type of holiday. E.g. for beach holidays
in Europe, peak season lasts from June to September, while
ski resorts are mo st crowded in December and January.

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Off -peak (Low Season) – the opposite of peak
season; time of a year when the tourist numbers and prices
are the lowest.
Shoulder Season – travel period between peak and off -
peak seasons, usually spring and fall.


Accom modation types

Accommodation is a place where travellers can sleep and
find other services. There are two types of accommodation:
Serviced accommodation – means that alongside an
overnight stay other amenities are provided, such as meals,
cleaning, spa, entertainment etc. A hotel is an example of
serviced accommodation.

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Non -serviced accommodation – also know as self -
catering , means that travellers are responsible for
preparing their own meals. This type of accommodation is
usually cheaper and more popular among young people.

Tourist Attraction
A tourist attraction is a place of interest popular with tourists.
Usually something becomes an attraction due to its
historical or cultural value, or it can be something
exceptionally beautiful or amusing. A tourist attraction can
be either natural or human built. For example, one of the
most popular tourist attractions in Europe are Eiffel Tower in
Paris, Buckingham Palace in London and the Colosseum in
Rome.

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Heritage
Heritage is something valuable and inherited, of special
cultural or natural significance. It can be a monument, a
building, a whole city, a national park, or a forest inhabited
with rare species. There are various organizations around
the world that striv e to preserve such places, for example
UNESCO Word Heritage Centre. Natural heritage is often
preserved in national parks, while cultural heritage is
conserved via traditions and practices passed from
generation to generation.

Package tour
A package tour is a fixed price holiday that includes different
elements and makes the whole journey easier for a
traveller. Usually a ‘package’ contains airplane tickets, hotel,
and a meal plan, but it can also include entertainment,
cultural activities and sightseeing . Package
tours are arranged and sold by companies called tour
operators.

Bed & Breakfast
This type of accommodation is offered by a hotel or a
private family home, and it consists of a room for the night
and breakfast the following morning.

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All -inclus ive resort
All -inclusive means that accommodation, entertainment,
three meals per day and beverages are included in the price
of your stay.

Booking
This is a reservation, usually for a room in a hotel, table in a
restaurant, or seat on a train, airplane , etc. It is important to
make your booking in advance during peak season .

Airport transfer
An airport transfer is a pre -arranged pick up and drop off
service to and from the airport, usually arranged by tour
operator or a hotel for an additional cost.

Sightseeing
Sightseeing means visiting interesting places that tourists
usually go to. It can be a sightseeing tour of the city,
covering the main tourist attractions.

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Many cities have hop -on, hop -off sightseeing buses that
will take you to all of the popular destinations

Mode of travel
Modes of travel are the types of transport used to reach
a destination. These includes aviation, ships, rail, cars, as
well as walking and cycling. You can use a number of
modes of travel to get to your final desti nation.

Currency
This is another word for the money used in a country. When
you just arrive to a new country, you will usually look for
a currency exchange – an office where you can change
your currency into the local one.

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IDEAS ON TOURISM
The Advantages of Tourism
• Economic . It brings in money. This is probably the main advantage of
tourism and the reason why it has been promoted so much, especially
in developing countries. The income generated can make up a
significant proportion of both privat e, local, and national incomes.
• Opportunistic . It provides jobs. Hotels, bars, transport, activities,
shops, and restaurants all need staffing. Tourism can provide much -
needed employment for people.
• Infrastructural . It provides a means and an incentive for investment in
infrastructure such as roads, rail networks, and local medical and
education facilities.
• Environmental . It can provide economic incentives for a place to
preserve, maintain, and regenerate the environment in both urban and
rural settings.
• Cross -Cultural . It promotes international connections which can bring
more business and cultural collaborations in the long term. It also
promotes cross -cultural awareness for both locals and tourist and
builds bridges of understanding between cu ltures.
• Promotional . It "puts a place on the map": Tourism gives the locality a
chance to show itself off and raise its profile in the world.
The Disadvantages of Tourism
• Environmental . Tourism can often cause environmental damage with
risks like erosion, pollution, the loss of natural habitats, and forest fires.
Even if tourists behave responsibly, the sheer number of them can
cause damage. Ancient buildings, monuments, and temples often
struggle to cope with increased traffic and suffer inevitabl e wear -and -
tear. Reefs and other natural tourist attractions can suffer permanent
damage.
• Cultural . The commercialization of culture can undermine the soul of a
tourist destination. Local traditions that have a rich cultural heritage are
reduced to wearing costumes and putting on acts for the tourists in
return for money.
• Culture Clashes. Tourists often lack respect for local traditions and
culture, refuse to follow local dress standards, get drunk in public, or
behave rudely or inappropriately towards loca ls.

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• Service Economy. Although jobs are created by tourism, most are
relatively low -level such as bar work, hotel service, restaurant serving,
and so forth. These low -wage, low -skill workers have little prospect for
advancement or promotion.
• Seasonal Fluctu ations. Tourism jobs are quite commonly seasonal
and insecure, with no extra benefits such as pensions, sick pay, or
healthcare. Some areas can be inundated with visitors during busy
times, and then virtually deserted for many months.
• Imbalanced Funding. M oney can end up being directed to tourist
areas when it could be used more effectively elsewhere in a country.
The locals who don’t live in specific tourist areas miss out and suffer
relative decline.
• Foreign Poaching . Oftentimes, most of the tourism indus try in a
developing country is owned by big foreign companies. They make the
major profits, leaving local businesses with relatively little benefit.
• Tourism Dependence. Sometimes, tourism becomes so focal that
other forms of income -generation are neglected and an economic
dependence on tourism forms. This is fine in good times, but it can
leave the country vulnerable to economic ruin in the long run and can
contribute to political upheaval or natural disasters.




Economic Pros and Cons of
Tourism
Benefits Detriments
Tourism -generated
income can be hugely
beneficial both private
and public concerns.
Money can end up
being spent only on
touristed areas while
other places and
industries suffer.

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Benefits Detriments
It can provide
employment
opportunities for
people who can work
in tourism -related
industries.
Most tourism jobs are
relatively low -level and
low -skilled, and these
jobs may have drastic
seasonal fluctuations.
Tourism promotes
international
connections which can
increase business
opportunities.
Attracted by
opportunity, foreign
companies begin
poaching business
away from local
businesses.

The area may become
dependent on tourists'
dollars and risk loss
and damage as a
result.

Negative Environmental Impacts of
Tourism
Although tourist money might be put to good use in preserving
environments, tourism does put burdens on natural resources and often
promotes overconsumption and unfair allocations of resources in places
where resources are already limited. When tourism bec omes
unsustainable, it can permanently damage the environment. Tourism
impacts the wildlife, vegetation, air quality, the quality and supply of water,
and natural phenomena.
Pollution. When huge numbers of people visit, they invariably burden the
transport ation system and contribute to pollution — locally and globally.
Flying one mile in a plane produces about 53 pounds of carbon dioxide,
and tourists account for almost 60% of air travel. Some estimate that cruise
ships to the Caribbean create over 70,000 ton s of annual waste.

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Environmental Damage. Many tourist activities have negative ecological
impacts. Snorkeling, hiking, and fishing all affect and deplete the local
scenery. There's a trail in the Himalayas that's nicknamed the "toilet paper
trail.” A tropi cal golf course requires the amount of water that would feed
60,000 locals... plus over 3,000 pounds of chemical pesticides, fertilizers,
and herbicides per annum.
"Ecotourism." Oftentimes, even environmentally savvy travelers have a
negative impact. By tr aveling to witness remote natural sites like rainforests
and other dwindling and at -risk spots, tourist often damage the things they
came to see.
Invasive Organisms . Tourism can spread non -native species. The
increased human presence from many diverse geog raphical regions has a
detrimental affect on native plants and introduces non -native species in
these areas.
Negative Effects of Human Interaction With Wildlife. Increased human
presence can severely damage the delicate balance of the food webs,
ecological communities, and keystone species of an area.
Depletion of Natural Resources. Tourism can put pressure on natural
resources and encourages over -consumption. This is particularly damaging
in spots where resources like food and water are already scarce.
Environmental Pros and Cons of
Tourism
Benefits Detriments
If managed properly, it
can provide economic
incentives for a place
to preserve, maintain,
and regenerate the
local history,
infrastructure, and
environment.
Tourism often causes
environmental damage
to both the local
infrastructure and the
flora, fauna, and
historical sites in a
location.
Ecotourism might
promote environmental
Tourism depletes
natural resources,
which can be

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Benefits Detriments
awareness and
activism.
dangerous in areas
where resources are
scarce.
*
Tourism contributes to
pollution.
Cultural Benefits of Traveling
The Opportunity to Challenge Stereotypes
When you visit another culture, you have the opportunity to be exposed to
unfamiliar traditions and perspectives and to gain a broader, more
informed, and kinder view of both the people and places you meet and of
humanity and the world as a whole. Preconce ptions and stereotypes might
be replaced by complexity, empathy, and first -hand knowledge.
On the other hand, those that travel with a group and don't interact with
locals or merely visit tourist sites and never wander off the beaten path may
not enjoy thi s benefit at all. Merely visiting a place is not enough to expose
a person to culture. Learning about people takes effort.
Gaining Cultural Sensitivity
An important part of understanding a culture is getting to know its unique
social manners and etiquette. Things that you think are normal or benign
might be interpreted as offensive, and vice versa. Wearing shoes indoors,
showing skin, pointing with your i ndex finger, and making certain sounds
might be considered rude in some places, so it's wise to do your research
on the local customs and morays ahead of time.
An Authentic Experience of Culture
Experiencing a community's traditions, rituals, festivals, ce lebrations, and
rites can be a wonderful way to gain insight into a culture. When the local
people get together to observe a tradition that has been performed for
many generations, it is a great opportunity to understand that culture more
deeply.
However i n many touristed places, you'll find traditional dance, music, and
other rites performed merely for entertainment and profit. For example
when staged for tourists, the Hawaiian luau, Spanish flamenco dances, and
Balinese ceremonies may lose their original meaning, energy, and purpose
and become merely spectacle.

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Cultural Pros and Cons of Tourism
Benefits Detriments
It promotes cross -cultural
connections,
appreciation, and
understanding.
When tourists don't
understand or respect
local culture and
traditions, culture clashes
result.
*
The commercialization of
a culture can undermine
its meaning and detract
from tradition.

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Transportation

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VOCABULARY

Welcome to our second post on expanding your IELTS vocabulary! In the first post of this series, we
talked about the benefits of learning new words and phrases through common IELTS the mes and
explored vocabulary related to education . Today, we’ll be looking at expanding your vocabulary on
the topic of transportation .

Vocabulary sets related to transportation

Talking about transportation is a frequent occurrence in everyday life, and the IELTS
Speaking test is no exception. The theme of transportation is likely to arise in any of
the three parts of the Speaking test. You may be asked to discuss your experience
with public transport and daily travel, talk about a specific type of transp ort (e.g.

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boats), describe a journey you’ve made, or speculate about transportation in the
future. In addition, transportation is also a common theme for Writing Task 2. Here
you’re likely to be asked to analyze a specific problem related to transportation and,
in some cases, identify possible solutions. So let’s take a look at five relevant sub -
topics that we recommend you use to get your vocabulary sets started:
1. Means of transportation
word/phrase part
of
speech
meaning common
collocations
example pronunciation
tram noun an electric
vehicle
similar to a
bus but goes
along metal
tracks on the
road
catch/go on/take
the tram, get
on/off the tram,
miss the tram,
tram
service/system,
tram stop, (travel)
by tram
In my
opinion,
the tram
system is
not as
efficient
as other
means of
public
transport.
/træm /
coach* noun a bus used to
take groups of
people on
long journeys

private/air -
conditioned/luxury
coach, go/travel
by coach, coach
journey/trip/tour
I’d like to
tour the
country by
coach.
/koWU/
yacht noun a boat used
for travelling
around for
pleasure or
racing
luxury/private
yacht, cruise
on/sail a yacht,
yacht club/marina,
on/on board a
yacht
We spent
our
holiday on
a private
yacht in
the
Caribbean.
/ jɑt/

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* In the topic of transportation, coach can also be used to talk about the cheapest
type of seats on a plane or train.
2. Roads & traffic
word/phrase part
of
speech
meaning common
collocations
example pronunciation
overpass noun a bridge that
carries one
road over
another road
freeway/highway
overpass
Traffic in
the area
significantly
improved
thanks to
the new
overpass.
/ˈoY%USs /
service road noun a small road
next to a
busier, faster
road, that you
use to drive to
homes and
shops
on a/the service
road
In my city,
truck traffic
is not
allowed on
service
roads.
/ ˈsɝː.vɪs
ˌroG/
traffic jam noun a large
number of
vehicles on a
road moving
very slowly or
not at all
long/severe
traffic jam,
be/get
caught/stuck in a
traffic jam,
traffic jam on the
(road)
I was stuck
in a traffic
jam on my
way here.
/ ˈtræf·ɪk
ˌdʒæm/

3. Transportation & the environment

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word/phrase part
of
speec
h
meaning common
collocations
example pronunciatio
n
emissions noun the amount of gas,
heat, light that is sent
out
vehicle
emissions,
greenhouse
gas/carbon
dioxide
emissions,
cut/reduce/co
ntrol
emissions,
emissions
from (traffic)
In my
opinion,
governments
are not
doing
enough to
reduce
greenhouse
gas
emissions
from traffic.
/iˈmɪʃ.ən/
noise
pollution
noun noise, such as that
from traffic, that is
considered unhealthy
for people
to
tackle/ease/re
duce noise
pollution,
noise
pollution
from (type of
transport)
Noise
pollution
from trains
passing
through
residential
areas is a
major
concern in
my country.
/ ˈnɔɪ z
pəˌluː.ʃən/
environment
ally -friendly
adjec
tive
not harmful to the
environment
environment
ally - friendly
vehicles/
transportatio
n/ fuel/
alternative
Electric cars
are a more
environment
ally -friendly
alternative.
/ɪn.vaɪr.ənˌme
n. t
̬əl.i
ˈfrend.li/

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4. Travel
word/phrase part of
speech
meaning common
collocations
example pronunciation
abroad adjective in a foreign
country
travel/go
abroad, to be
abroad, to
move abroad
It’s much
easier to
travel
abroad
now than
in the
past.
/ əˈbrɔd/
business trip noun a journey taken
for business
purposes
take/make a
business trip,
on a business
trip
I went to
New York
on a
business
trip.
/ˈbɪz·nəs trɪp/
commute verb
(or noun )
to travel
regularly
between work
and home
daily/every
day commute,
to commute
from/to
(place)
I
commute
to the city
by bus
every day.
/ kəˈmjut/

5. The future of transportation
word/phrase part
of
speech
meaning common collocations example pronunciation
space travel noun travel
through
outer
space
human/commercial
space travel, the
future of space travel,
There’s a
lot of
interest in
/ spās ˈtravəl/

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achieve space travel,
to space travel
space travel
these days.
autonomous
vehicle (also
known
as driverless
car or self -
driving car )
noun a car
capable
of
driving
itself
be driven by an
autonomous vehicle
I don’t
believe
autonomous
vehicles
can keep us
safe.
/ɑːˈtɑː.nə.məsˈvi·ɪ·kəl/
high -speed
rail
noun a high -
speed
passenger
train
by high -speed rail,
high -speed rail
network/route/service,
high -speed rail
accident/crash/disaster
In the
future,
high -speed
rail
networks
will take
over
traditional
rail
systems.
/ˈhɑɪˈspid reɪl/
Idioms related to transportation
When learning idioms related to transportation for your IELTS, keep in mind that
many idioms in English include words related to transportation, but are not
necessarily used to talk about transport (for example, the idiom to throw someone
under the bus means to put the blame on anoth er person). Here we’ll look at some
idioms that you can use to talk about transportation on your IELTS test:
idiom meaning example
bumper to bumper with very little space between two
cars in a line of cars
The traffic’s usually bumper
to bumper all the way to
work.
backseat driver a passenger in a car who gives
unwanted advice to the driver
MZLIHVYHU\PXFKD
backseat driver - she always

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tells me to speed up or slow
down.
hit the road to begin a trip I like to hit the road early
when going on long
journeys.
hitch a lift/ride to get a free ride in someone
else’s vehicle
After the festival, we
hitched a lift back to the
city.
beat the traffic to leave early to avoid traveling
when the roads are crowded
I always try to leave early in
the morning so I can beat
the traffic on my way to
school.
1. motorbike
small motorcycle with a low frame
and small wheels and elevated
handlebars
2. bus
a vehicle carrying many passengers
3. train
public transport provided by a line of
railway cars
4. tram
a vehicle that runs on rails and is
propelled by electricity
5. taxi
a car that is hired to take passengers
where they want to go
6. cab
a car whose driver is paid to take
you to a particular place
7. plane
a fixed -wing aircraft that is powered
by propellers or jets

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8. car
a motor vehicle with four wheels
9. ship
a vessel that carries passengers or
freight
10. scoote r
a wheeled vehicle with small wheels
and a low -powered gasoline engine
geared to the rear wheel
11. ferry
a boat transporting people or
vehicles over a body of water
12. bicycle
a vehicle that has two wheels and is
moved by foot pedals
13. und erground
an electric railway operating below
the surface of the ground (usually in
a city)
14. subway
a rail system operating below the
surface of the ground
15. wait
stay in one place and anticipate or
expect something
16. passenger
a traveler riding in a vehicle but not
operating it
17. rush hour
the times at the beginning and end of
the working day when many people
are traveling to or from work
18. pedestrian
a per son who travels by foot
19. crowded
overfilled or compacted or
concentrated
20. fast
acting or moving or capable of
acting or moving quickly
21. slowly
without speed

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22. traffic
vehicles or pedestrians traveling in a
particular locality
23. traffic jam
a number of vehicles blocking one
another until they can scarcely move
24. left
being or located on or directed
toward the side of the body to the
west when facing nor th
25. right
free from error; especially
conforming to fact or truth
26. drive
operate or control a vehicle
27. ride
sit and travel on the back of animal,
usually while controlling its motions
28. get off
leave a vehicle, aircraft, etc.
29. get on
get on board of (trains, buses, ships,
aircraft, etc.)
30. journey
the act of traveling from one place to
another
31. take
get into one's hands
32. queue
a line of people or vehicles waiting
for something
33. transit
a journey
34. check in
announce one's arrival, e.g. at hotels
or airports
35. pay cash
pay (for something) with cash
36. credit card

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a card (usually plastic) that assures a
seller that the person using it has a
satisfactory credit rating and that the
issuer will see to it that the seller
receives payment for the
merchandise delivered
37. walk
use one's feet to advance; advance
by steps
38. departure
the act of leaving
39. arrival
the act of coming to a certain place
40. arrive
reach a destination
41. single
existing alone or consisting of one
entity or part or aspect or individual
42. return
go or come back to place, condition,
or activit y where one has been
before
43. ticket
a commercial document showing
that the holder is entitled to
something (as to ride on public
transportation or to enter a public
entertainment)
44. luggage
cases used to carry belongings when
traveling
45. baggage
cases used to carry belongings when
traveling
46. passport
a document allowing a citizen to
travel abroad
47. security
the state of being free from danger
or injury
48. flight
an instance of traveling by air
49. gate
a movable barrier in a fence or wall

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50. boarding pass
a pass that allows you to board a
ship or plane
51. boarding
the act of passengers and crew
getting aboard a ship o r aircraft
52. delayed
not as far along as normal in
development
53. aisle
a long narrow passage (as in a cave
or woods)
54. departure
lounge
lounge where passengers can await
departure
55. airport
an airfield equipped with control
tower and hangars as well as
accommodat ions for passengers and
cargo
56. station
a facility equipped with special
equipment and personnel
57. railway station
terminal wh ere trains load or unload
passengers or goods
58. bus stop
a place on a bus route where buses
stop to discharge and take on
passengers

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Travel

Vocabulary
• accommodation: a room or building in which you stay during
holidays or live. While I'm travelling, my favourite types of
accommodation are hotels.
• all holiday : a time after you lost your job. He lost his job
yesterday. Now it’s all holiday for him.
• all -inclusive : a hotel deal where the price includes
accommodation, meals and drinks at any time. I've never thought
tha t hotels with all -incusive service are so comfortable! You can
grab a piece of cake at 6 a.m. or get a cocktail at midnight.
• half -board : if you request 'half -board' at a hotel, breakfast and
dinner would be included in the hotel price (as part of the
packa ge). John and Lily liked their tour with half -board service.

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They spent breakfasts and dinners in the hotel and bought
lunches in the nearby cafes.
• full -board : if you request 'full -board' at a hotel, that would include
all three meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) in the price of your
accommodation.
• self -catering : a holiday deal where meals are not provided. Mary
thinks that self -catering is neither pleasant nor efficient.
• to book (something) : to arrange and confirm a place on a flight,
a room in a hotel or a ticket for an event in the future. If you book
your plane tickets in advance, they will be much cheaper.
• breathtaking view : an amazing view. I’ve seen many breathtaking
views during my journey to Paris.
• busman's holiday : when you spend your free time similarly to
the time when you work. This expression comes from the idea
that a bus driver would spend his holiday traveling somewhere on
a bus. Unfortunately, many people spend a busman’s holiday
nowadays.
• charter flight : a cheap regular flight. Due to our modest budget,
we had to take a charter -flight.
• check -in desk : the place at the airport where you register for
your flight and deposit your luggage.

• far -off destination : a distant place. Australia is a far -off
destination, n onetheless I want to visit it.
• getting away from it all : escaping in order to rest from a daily
routine. After I passed my exams, I wanted to get away from it all
for at least a couple of days.
• go off the beaten track : to visit an uncommon place. Unlike my
brother, I prefer to go off the beaten track.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 38

• guided tour : a tour in which a group of people is guided by an
expert. Guided tours are a great way to learn about different
places of interest.
• head for : go in a direction for. I’m heading for France for my next
holidays.
• holiday brochure : a publication with details of holiday. Our guide
gave us a great brochure about our hotel.
• holiday destination : where you go for a holiday. We chose New
York as our holiday destination for the next summer.
• holiday of a lifetime : a very special holiday, once in a
lifetime. Last year me and my family had a holiday of a lifetime in
Italy.
• holiday resort (tourist resort) : a place where lots of people go
for a holiday. Last year my family went on a journey to London.
We lived in a great tourist resort.
• hordes of tourists : crowds of tourists. Hordes of tourist can be
seen during summer near the city park.
• in the middle of nowhere : in a place that is far away from where
most people live. My grand -mother lives in the middle of nowhere,
but she loves her old little village.
• local crafts : thighs made in the region. My sister bought some
amazing local crafts on her trip to India.
• out of season : not within the main holiday period. I decided to go
on a journey with my friends out of season.
• passport control : a place where you get your passport checked. I
spent a few hours waiting in line on a passport control.
• package tour : a holiday at a fix ed price in which the travel
company arranges your travel, hotels, and sometimes meals for
you: We bought a cheap package tour to Italy and stayed in a big
hotel by the sea.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 39

• picturesque village : a nice, beautiful village. My grandparents
live in a picturesqu e village.
• places of interest : memorable and honorable places. My native
city has a variety of places of interest.
• short break : a little holiday. My father had a short break this year,
I hope he’ll be able to relax some more.
• stunning landscape : a beautiful countryside. Stunning
landscapes are only one of many reasons why I want to visit
Africa.
• to go sightseeing : to go visiting sights of interest. Today we went
sightseeing with my friends.
• to travel on foot / horse When I'm in a small town I prefer to
travel on foot.
• to travel by bus / plane / car / bicycle / motorcycle Although I
usually travel by car, when I decided to visit Paris I had to travel
by plane.
• tourist attractions : places which tourists tend to visit. Despite not
being a tourist attraction, new fountain is very popular among the
locals.
• tourist trap : place with many tourists. We've visited many tourists
traps lately.
• travel agency : a shop that specializes in booking holidays. I've
bought tickets for my trip thro ugh a travel agency.
• wildlife safari : an observational holiday, mainly in Africa. I’d love
to go on a wildlife safari sometime.
• youth hostel : a cheap hotel. During our trip we stayed in a hostel,
because we didn’t have enough money for a hotel.
• Affordable de stinations – Places within a reasonable price
range
• Affordable travel – Travel which is within your price range

JAMSHID SAFAROV 40

• Around the world – In all corners of the globe
• Arts and culture – The art, music and other cultural aspects of
an area
• Craft markets – Stalls where goods made by the local people
are sold
• Do as the locals do – Enjoy the activities as the local people
do
• Efficient public transport – A functioning transport system
intended for the use of residents and visitors
• Exotic destinations – Unusual or strange holiday destinations
• Get around – Get from place to place
• Guided tours – Walking, hiking or driving visits led by a guide
who knows the area
• Holiday brochures – Pamphlets advertising holiday
destinations
• Holiday destinatio n – Place to which you leave on holiday
• Long haul flights – Long distance flights
• Lush rainforests – Luxuriant equatorial forests
• Magnificent landscapes – Impressive scenery
• Make advance reservations – Booking ahead of time
• Memorable experiences – Activiti es that you will remember
for years
• Off the beaten track – A place that is not on the main
thoroughfare
• Out of season – Outside the most popular holiday period

JAMSHID SAFAROV 41

• Packaged deals – Travel deals that are put together by an
agency and sold as a package
• Quaint vi llages – Old fashioned or charming small towns
• Scenic views – Lovely scenes
• Self -catering accommodation – A Place to stay where you
see to your own food
• Spectacular beaches – Impressive sandy shorelines
• Stunning architecture – Magnificent buildings
• Swarming with tourists – Full of holidaymakers
• Time on their hands – Available time to do as you choose
• To get away from it all – To get away from everyday routines
• To go sightseeing – Take a trip around an area to see what it
has to offer
• Trave l abroad – Travel to overseas destinations
• Travelling light – Travelling with little luggage
• Value for money – A good return on investment
• Visa regulations – Laws that relate to entry into a country
• Wildlife safari – A guided tour through a game park

JAMSHID SAFAROV 42

USEFUL WORDS AND PHRASES


To get away: To escape, to go somewhere that is not your home.
You can also use the noun “a getaway.”
Example: Last week, I had a great chance to get away from the
hustle and bustle of the city to visit an ancient village in the
countryside.
A thirst for adventure : strong desire for travelling/adventure
Get itchy feet: have a strong desire to travel
Example: I’ve always had a thirst for adventure and often get itchy
feet so I decided to set out to a journey from the North to the South
of Australia next month.
To find a gem: When you find a place where only locals go and
other tourists don’t visit.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 43

Example: Try to find a local guide when you visit a foreign country
to successfully find a gem during your trip.
Arduous journey: difficult & tiring journey
Break the journey: stop for a short time during journey
Example: I had a arduous journey to the South of Vietnam la st year.
I thought I would break the journey somewhere but I finally did it all
in one go.
Adventurous explorer: a traveler who is willing to do or try new
and daring things
Have a stopover: Have a brief overnight stay in a place when on a
long journey to somewhere else, usually by air
Example: I had a stopover in China on the way to Thailand, had a
bit of a rest, and did the sights there before travelling on.
Low -cost airline: discount or budget airline
Put somebody on standby: make me wait to see if a sea t become
available
Example: Last week I got a flight on a low -cost airline to Paris. I
then tried to get a flight to the UK but they were all full, so they put
me on standby.
To take a red eye: To take a late night airline flight
Example: I had to take a red eye and now I’m exhausted.
Intrepid explorer: brave, with no fear of dangerous situations

JAMSHID SAFAROV 44

Off the beaten track: An unusual route or destination
Example: My best friend is a intrepid traveler who has a real sense
of adventure. H e always love to set out on a journey off the beaten
track
Unexplored wilderness
Example: I’m thirsty for a journey into unexplored wilderness and
getting right off the beaten track.
To take the road less traveled: To do things differently and to
think outside of the box.
Example: Adventurous travelers like to take the road less
traveled when visi ting a new country.
A real sense of adventure: the urge to explore beyond your daily
surroundings and open yourself up to the adventure
To have wanderlust: To want to move around and see a lot of
things around the world. To not want to stay in one place.
E xample: I had a incurable case of wanderlust.
The first leg of the journey: the first segment of
a journey; the first flight of a multi -flighttrip.
Example: The first leg of the journey got me to the UK but it just
gave me very little indication of what la y ahead.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 45



travel (noun)
Collocation Example
travel documents Once I forgot my travel documents and I missed my flight.
air/rail/space travel Air travel today is easier and more affordable than ever before.
overseas/international/foreign
travel
International travel allows us to see the world and learn about
different cultures.
leisure/holiday travel In my experience, holiday travel with small children is often
stressful.
travel arrangements/plans Making travel arrangements requires thorough planning:
choosing travel dates, making reservations and planning
activities.
travel agency/agent I have used travel agencies to help me plan trips in the past,
but I prefer to do it myself.

travel (verb)
Collocation Example
travel abroad Travelling abroad has made me better appreciate my home country.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 46

travel on business As a sales representative, I have to travel on business from time to
time.
travel to (somewhere) I’ve always wanted to travel to Australia.
travel
around/across/through
(somewhere)
We travelled through Portugal and into Spain.
travel by air/train/car/on
foot
We decided to travel by train since none of us wanted to drive
travel light I always try to travel light.
travel the world I wish I could travel the world.

holiday (noun)
Collocation Example
go on/have/take a
holiday
I haven’t taken a holidaVLQFH,VWDUWHGP own business.
holiday destination In my opinion, tropical islands make for the best holiday destinations.
holiday
arrangements/plans
I believe that proper holiday arrangements are essential to making
sure
that everything goes smoothly on your holiday.
holiday photos/pictures People are often more concerned about taking
the perfect holiday photo than enjoying the moment
summer holiday Summer holidays are usually enjoyable and fun -filled.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 47

camping/skiing holiday I learned to ski on my first skiing holiday in Canada.

holiday (verb)
Collocation Example
holiday in (somewhere) We are holidaying in Mexico this year.

Vocabulary sets related to travel & holidays
Now that we have looked at using the words ‘travel’ and ‘holiday’
in a variety of contexts, it’s time to explore two relevant sub -topics
that can also help you to talk or write about travel and holidays on
your IELTS. Keep in mind that this common theme may come up
in any of the three parts of the Speaking module of the test: from
talking about your travel ex periences, to describing your dream
holiday, to discussing international travel in more depth. In
addition, you may have to write about travel and holidays for
Writing Task 2.
1. Tourism & holidays
word/phrase part of
speech
meaning common collocations example
campground ( or
campsite )
noun a place
where
people can
camp
when on
holiday
forest/beach/lake/
mountain/river
campground, family
campground
What I like the most
about spending the
summers in BC is
its many beautiful
family
campgrounds.

JAMSHID SAFAROV 48

touristy adjective a place
where a lot
of tourists
go and it
has many
things for
them to
buy and do
(often seen
as
something
negative)
touristy
area/place/town
My hometown used
to be a pretty little
town, but now it’s
become very
touristy.
ecotourism noun going on
holiday to
places of
natural
beauty in a
way that
causes less
damage to
the
environme
nt
ecotourism industry,
ecotourism
destination,
encourage
ecotourism,
The ecotourism
industry keeps
growing as more
and more people
become aware of
how damaging
tourism can be to
the environment.

2. Holiday arrangements
word/phrase part of
speech
meaning common
collocations
example pronunciation
book verb to arrange
to have a
seat, room,
etc. at
a specific
book a
flight/tickets/s
eats/a room,
book early/in
advance, book
in/into
We wanted to
stay at a
hotel
downtown bu
t they were
fully booked.
/bN/

JAMSHID SAFAROV 49

time in the
future
(somewhere),
be booked
up/be fully
booked
in season
(antonym: out
of season )
noun at the time
of year
when
people want
to travel or
take a
holiday
other
collocations
with ‘season’:
holiday/summ
er/tourist
season, high
season, low
season, off -
season
Naturally,
hotel rooms
are much
more
expensive in
season.
/ˈsiː.zən/
rental noun an
arrangement
to rent
something
such as a
house, car
or bike
house/propert
y rental,
car/bike/boat
rental, rental
company
When
planning a
holiday, I
always look
for house
rentals near
the city.
/ˈren. t
̬əl/

JAMSHID SAFAROV 50





Words With Translations
AIRPORT VOCABULARY
English Russian English Russian
Aisle seat Место у прохода Landing Посадка,
приземление
Baggage reclaim Выдача багажа Last call Последний
звонок
Blanket Шерстяное
одеяло
Luggage trolley Багажная
тележка
Boarding Посадка Overhead
compartment
Багажная полка
Boarding pass Посадочный
талон
Row Ряд
Check -in Регистрация Seat belt Ремень
безопасности

JAMSHID SAFAROV 51

Departure lounge Зал ожидания Security check Про_jdZ
безопасности
Emergency exit АZjbcguc
uoh^f
Sick(ness) bag Мешок при
ha^mrghc
болезни
Gate Выход (на
самолет)
Takeoff Взлёт
Hand luggage Ручная кладь Window seat Место у окна


HOTEL VOCABULARY
English Russian English Russian
Accommodation
(hotel)
Номер в
гостинице
Reservation БронироZgb_
Check -in/out Заезд / u_a^ Resort Курорт
Currency
exchange
Обмен валюты Room number
6
Шестой номер
Double room Номер на дhbo Room
price/rate
Стоимость номера

JAMSHID SAFAROV 52

En -suite
bathroom
Смежная ZggZy Room service ОбслужиZgb_
номеров
Extra charge Дополнительная
оплата
Self -catering СамообслужиZgb_
(только еда)
Family room Семейный
номер
Single room одноместный
номер
Fill in a form Заполнить бланк Twin beds д_ односпальные
кроZlb
Full board Полный пансион Vacancy Ch[h^gucghf_j
Reception Рецепция Wake -up call Зhghd -
напоминание
RESTAURANT VOCABULARY
English Russian English Russian
Bill Счёт Napkin Салфетка
Bread basket Корзина с хлебом Plate Тарелка
Chef’s specials Фирменные
блюда от шеф -
поZjw
Service charge Доплата за
обслужиZgb_

JAMSHID SAFAROV 53

Cutlery Столовые
приборы
Starter Перh_[ex^h
Delicious Очень вкусный Table cloth Скатерть
Dessert Десерт Table for two Столик на дhbo
Expensive Дорогой Tasty Вкусный
Fully booked Полностью
забронироZgguc
Tip Чаеu_
Glass of wine Бокал bgw To be
overcharged (for)
Слишком много
заплатить за
что -л.
Main course Основное блюдо Waiter/waitress Официант ( -ка)
BEACH VOCABULARY
English Russian English Russian
Beach mat Коjbd^ey
пляжа
Snorkel Трубка (для
подh^gh]h
плаZgby)
Beach towel Полотенце для
пляжа
Sun lounger Лежак

JAMSHID SAFAROV 54

Danger! Опасно! Sunburn Солнечный ожог
Flip flops Сланцы Sunglasses Солнцезащитные
очки
Flippers Ласты Suntan lotion Лосьон для
загара
Mask Маска Swimming
costume
Купальный
костюм
Parasol Зонтик (от
солнца)
Swimming trunks Плаdb
Sand castle Замок из песка Tide Прилиbhleby
Seagull Чайка To sunbathe Загорать
Shade Тень Wave Волна
X