consonantal_variant

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05/03/2019
A consonantal variant attributed to Ibn Mas‘ūd and Ibn ‘Abbās found in a huge mu ṣḥ af,
kept originally in Fus ṭāṭ, and dating from early 2 nd century Hijra.


1/5. We know 86ff of this mu ṣḥ af, dispersed between St Petersburg, Paris, Leiden, Chicago and
Philadelphia. Its dimensions are impressive: 1 sheep for 2 folios! The parchment used is of high
quality (white, with sparse defaults). The skilled scribe drawn the script on inclined desk.

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2/5. A radiocarbon an alysis, performed on one of the fragments kept in Leiden (for Coranica’s
project) gave a result between 652 and 763 (σ2). Palaeograph agrees with this result (of
course!), and dates this mu ṣḥ af around the beginning of the 2 nd century Hijra.
3/5. The mss keep approx. 30% of the Qur’an. There are orthographic features tSLFDORIHDUO\
ma ṣāḥif, mostly concerning the long vowels. We notice also erasures, as in f.47v: a wāw has
been erased. Aside from these, this mss reflects t he ‘U ṯmānic rasm, except in one instance .
4/5. Hassan Chahdi noticed this case on f.1v, Q.2:137. Here, the original rasm gives امب اوٮما ناڡ
متنما , instead of مُ
تن
َ ما
َ ء آ
َ م
ِ لۡ
ث
ِ م
ِ ب ۟
اوُ
ن
َ ما
َ ء ۡ
ن
ِإَ
ف . It has been corrected afterwards, by addition of لثمب . This
original reading is known as qirā’a of Ibn Mas‘ūd and Ibn ‘Abbās.

5/5. As stated by F. Déroche in his last book, this example illustrates a possible case of
contamination from another textual tradition within a “canonical” mu ṣḥ af, a phenomenon still
existent in the beginning of the 2 nd century Hijra.