ANGLIJSKIJ_YaZYK_pism_-_variant_2_dosrochnogo_EGE_2020_FIPI_-_ege100ballov

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Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки


Единый государственный экзамен
по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Инструкция по выполнению работы

Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх
разделов («Аудирование», «Чтение», «Грамматика и ле ксика», «Письмо»),
включающих в себя 40 заданий. На выполнение экзаменационной работы отводится 3 ча са (180 минут).
Ответы к заданиям 3–9, 12–18 и 32–38 записываются п о приведённому
ниже образцу
в виде одной цифры, которая соответствует номеру
правильного ответа. Эту цифру запишите в поле ответ а в тексте работы,
а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.

Ответ:
2


Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 10, 11 записываются по прив едённому ниже
образцу
в виде последовательности цифр. Эту последовательн ость цифр
запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем пер енесите в бланк
ответов № 1.

A B C D E F
Ответ:
5 2 4 1 7 3



Ответы к заданиям 19–31 записываются по приведённом у ниже образцу
в виде слова (нескольких слов). Ответ запишите в по ле ответа в тексте
работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.
Ответ:
DO NOT KNOW
.
Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из 2 заданий (39 и 40) и представляет собой
небольшую письменную работу (написание личного пись ма и письменного
высказывания с элементами рассуждения). В бланке от ветов № 2 укажите
номер задания и запишите ответ к нему.
Все бланки ЕГЭ заполняются яркими чёрными чернилами.
Допускается использование гелевой или капиллярной р учки.
При выполнении заданий можно пользоваться черновико м. Записи
в черновике, а также в тексте контрольных измерител ьных материалов
не учитываются при оценивании работы.
Баллы, полученные Вами за выполненные задания, сумми руются.
Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и н абрать наибольшее
количество баллов. После завершения работы проверьте, чтобы ответ на к аждое задание
в бланках ответов № 1 и № 2 был записан под правиль ным номером.
Желаем успеха!


КИМ

Бланк

КИМ

Бланк

КИМ

Бланк

Открытый вариант 2


Раздел 1. Аудирование Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1.
A time machine is a chance to see the future.



2.
We need to wait to be able to travel through time.



3.
Time travel has more pros than cons.



4.
A time machine can help us learn about our past.



5.
Time travel is probably impossible.



6. Time travel may be a chance to live in another epoc
h.


7.
Time travel might be very risky.


Говорящий
A
B
C
D
E

F

Утверждение


& % Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False ) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании те кста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа ( 3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблиц у. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A.
John and Sandra live in the UK.


B.
John is pessimistic about the weather for the next week.


C.
Sandra’s parents travel very often.


D.
It’s Sandra’s first visit to Thailand.


E.
The best time to visit the floating markets is the midday.


F.
Sandra’s mother didn’t buy anything in Bangkok.


G. John thinks it’s not worth going to Bangkok’s market s.



Утверждение
A
B
C
D
E

F
G

Соответствие диалогу


& %
1 2

Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. В ы услышите запись дважды. What do we learn about Peter Green at the beginning of the interview?


1)
His childhood years weren’t easy.



2)
He has no experience of working in Hollywood.



3)
His parents were quite rich people.


Ответ: & % How does Peter describe himself at the beginning of
his TV career?


1)
Discouraged.



2)
Inexperienced.



3)
Uneducated.


Ответ: & % What helped Peter to get his first TV job?


1)
Doing things his way.



2)
Meeting a TV boss.



3)
Writing 25 scripts.


Ответ: & % What did Peter feel while working on his first proj
ect?


1)
Enthusiasm.



2)
Confidence.



3)
Uncertainty.


Ответ: & %
3 4 5 6
Открытый вариант 2

How does Peter’s teaching experience help him be a
producer?


1)
He can be a strict mentor for his team now.



2)
He knows how to deal with different people.



3)
He learnt teambuilding techniques at school.


Ответ: & % Which of the following is TRUE about Peter at work?


1)
He has a low opinion of TV in general.



2)
He never invites any freelancers.



3)
He is ready to build up his team.


Ответ: & % What does Peter dislike about his present job?


1)
Having too many colleagues.



2)
Having to work very quickly.



3)
Having to travel to and from work.


Ответ: По окончании выполнения заданий 1–9 не забудьте пере
нести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа о т номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов на задания 1 и 2 цифры записываются без проб елов, запятых

и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной
клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

& %
7 8 9

Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки


Раздел 2. Чтение Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую ц ифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний .

1.
The history of taming


5.

The evolution of bison



2.
Comparing the two species


6.

Born to be wild



3.
A beautiful place to be saved


7.

Safer than before, but not enough



4.
Reasons to domesticate cows


8.

Failed attempts to protect


A.
It i
s likely that the modern European bison arose from the steppe bison. Recent
research says it appeared as a result of an interbr eeding event between the steppe bison and the ancestor of modern cows around 120,000 years ago. At one point, some steppe bison c
rossbred with the ancestors of the modern yak.
After that, a population of steppe bison crossed the Bering Land Bridge to North America. Then the steppe bison spread through the northern parts of North America, where it lived until around 8,000 years ago.



B.
The Prioksko-
Terrasny Nature Reserve is one of the smallest in Rus sia. It
covers an
area of 4,960 hectares on the terraces of the Oka River valley. This is
a unique area with its natural diversity of pine and mixed forests, small rivers, streams and marshes. Here you can observe the life of animals and birds in their natural habitat. The
symbol of the reserve is a bison. This is a wild forest
bull, which was recently on the verge of extinction . Bison youngsters grown up to two years in the reserve are sent to replenish free-living populations.



C.
Though the American and European bisons are close r elatives, it is easy to spot clear differences in their behaviour and build. Ad
ult European bisons are
slimmer in build and have longer legs. European bisons tend to graze less and walk around more than their American relatives. Thi s difference in behaviour is reflected in their build. The American bison’s head hangs lower than the European’s does. American bisons are more easily tam ed than their European cousins are. They also breed with domestic cattle more readily.



D.
American bisons are known for living on the Great P lains. Bisons were hunted close to extinction during the 19th and 20th centur ies, but have since rebounded. The European bison owes its survival, in pa
rt, to the Chernobyl
disaster. Ironically, the Chernobyl Zone has become a kind of wildlife preserve, though poaching has become a threat in recent years. The American Plains bison is no longer listed as endangered, but this does not mean the species is safe. Their fragmented herds call for active conservation measures.


10
Открытый вариант 2

E.

In the middle of the 19
th century people started realising how important the
buffalo was. Reasons for that included not only anim al cruelty, but also ecological and future resources.
Someone needed to speak out, and over the
years they did, but never enough at one time to count.
The real extermination
of the buffalo was caused by the demands of trade, aided by hunters and Indians. However, the blame really lies with the government, which in all those years permitted a few ignorant Congressmen to block the laws protecting t
hese
animals.



F.
There have been several attempts to tame the buffal o, but there are a
few things
that stand in the way. The buffalo is very aggressive by nature; it can run up to 40 mph and can jump vertically in the air almost th eir entire height. Imagine trying to teach an angry, prancing sedan to stay still and respect you. All that said
, there have been instances of domestic buffalo. Th is is possible if they are
raised from calves to be only with humans. Even the n, they seem to be loyal and friendly with a small set of humans, not all humans.



G. At about the same time they domesticated plants, pe ople in Mesopotamia began to domesticate animals for meat, milk, and hides. Hi
des were used for
clothing, storing things and for building tent shelters. Goats were probably the first animals to be domesticated, followed closely by sheep. Later, people began domesticating larger animals, such as oxen or horses, for ploughing and tran
sportation. These are known as beasts of burden. Th e easiest animals to
domesticate are herbivores that graze on grass, because they are the easiest to feed.



A B C D E F G

Ответ: & %

Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя . Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части п редложений, в таблицу.

Gorky Park
Gorky Park in Moscow is one of the best recreationa l places. Moscow’s
main city escape is not a conventional expanse of n ature preserved inside the urban
jungle. It is not a fun fair either, A_______________________. Its official name
says it all – Gorky’s Central Park of Culture and Le isure. That is exactly what it
provides: culture and leisure in all shapes and for ms. It especially attracts those
B _______________________. However, people who prefer peaceful places can
sail boats or catamaran or take a walk to Neskuchny Garden, located nearby. Here
one can always find a quiet place. The first recreational park of Russia was opened on the 12
th of August 1928.
It was designed by avant-garde architect Konstantin Melnikov. There were
exhibition pavilions, tennis courts, a decorative p ool and attractions for kids. There
was not such a place C_______________________. The park was given the nam e
of famous Soviet writer Maxim Gorky in 1932. Since then it has been called Gorky
Park. Nowadays, Gorky Park is the central park of Moscow
D _______________________ 20 thousand people on weekdays and more than
100 thousand on weekends and holidays. Since 2011 G orky Park has become the
first world-class amusement park in Russia with spac e for rest, sport, dancing and
games outside. The park offers free entrance, wi-fi coverage, as well
E _______________________. It is a perfect place for an active holiday, with
many things to do. Gorky Park now serves F_______________________, a point
of attraction for youth and families.
1.
as newly designed recreational zones



2.
though the park used to be one



3.
who enjoys cultural events and shows



4.
as a true centre of city life



5.
as this park in the world at the time



6.
and is attended by more than



7.
who like fun and entertainment



A B C D E F
Ответ:
11

Открытый вариант 2

& % Прочитайте текст и выполните задания
12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
British food
Foreigners often laugh at the British. They say, “In Britain you get hot chips
with everything !” But even the British don’t eat chips with their me als. To prove
that, we decided to let you read an extract from a letter written by Pete Phrase, the
chief cook at Daphne’s in London, to his foreign fr iends.
“…I am always both amused and annoyed when I hear f oreign people
criticise British food. “It’s unimaginative,” they s ay. “It’s boring, it’s tasteless with
totally overcooked vegetables.” I have a theory abo ut British cooking, and I was
interested to read that several famous cookery writ ers agree with me. My theory is
this. Our basic ingredients, when fresh, are so ful l of flavour that we haven’t had to
invent sauces and complex recipes to disguise their natural taste. What can
compare with fresh peas or new potatoes just boiled (not overboiled) and served
with butter? Why drown spring lamb in wine or cream or yoghurt and spices, when
with just one or two herbs it is absolutely delicio us?
If you ask foreigners to name some typically Englis h dishes, they will
probably say “fish and chips” and then stop. It is disappointing, but true, that there
is no tradition in Britain of eating in restaurants, because our food doesn’t lend
itself to such preparation. British cooking is found in the home, where it is possible
to time the dishes to perfection. So it is difficul t to find a good English restaurant
with reasonable prices. It is for these reasons that we haven’t exported ou r dishes, but we have
imported a surprising variety of cuisines from all over the world. In most cities in
Britain you’ll also find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. In London
you’ll also find Indonesian, Lebanese, German, Span ish, Mexican, Greek… Cynics
will say that this is because we have no “cuisine” ourselves, but, we ll, you know
what I think!” Traditional British food is usually described as pla in, conservative and
unvaried. There are many popular jokes about it. “T he British Empire was created
as a by-product of generations of desperate English men roaming the world in
search of a decent meal,” remarks American journali st Bill Marsano.
Indeed, classic British dishes are not too dainty, b ut they are nourishing,
natural and tasty, a lot of attention here is paid to the food quality. Residents of
Great Britain prefer local food to imported product s, so nearly all fish, milk and
meat products are produced within the country and v egetables are grown by local
farmers. Meals during a day in Britain traditionally include breakfast, lunch, dinner
and supper. Dinner is always the most substantial meal during the day. For dinner
the British often have soup and then the main course , such as meat, poultry or fish

Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки

with vegetables or mashed potatoes. It is followed by a dessert, for example, the
most ubiquitous apple pie. Meat dishes are presente d in British cuisine in a large
variety. Probably, the most delicious of them is su cculent roast beef, which is
grilled and served with vegetables, roast potatoes or Yorkshire pudding. Apart
from beef, the British cook steaks of pork, lamb an d sometimes turkey or chicken.
Supper in Britain is the last meal of the day, and u sually it consists of
something light, for example, a bowl of cream soup, naturally, often skipped.
As for drinks, it’s impossible to imagine British cu isine without tea.
Contrary to popular belief, tea is not always served with milk. The British drink tea
with and without sugar, with lemon, cinnamon, honey and so on. But tea and milk
is a classic combination, not a favourite of mine, though.”


It often seems to foreigners that British food …


1)
hasn’t been cooked long enough.



2)
often tastes too hot and spicy.



3)
doesn’t include raw vegetables.



4)
is lacking in variety of dishes.


Ответ: & % According to Pete Phrase, the British haven’t invent
ed complex recipes because
they …


1)
appreciate the original taste of the products.



2)
use a variety of sauces and spices for flavour.



3)
prefer to use mainly basic ingredients.



4)
always choose only fresh components.


Ответ: & % Which statement is NOT true according to Pete Phras
e?


1)
The English are good at cooking.



2)
The English prefer home cooked dishes.



3)
Foreigners know few English dishes.



4)
Prices in English restaurants are low.


Ответ: & %
12 13 14
Открытый вариант 2
The word
this in Paragraph 4 (“... this is because we have no “c uisine” ourselves
...”) refers to the fact that …


1)
the British share their dishes with the world.



2)
all the best food in Britain is foreign.



3)
various foreign food is available in London.



4)
there are a lot of immigrants in Britain.


Ответ: & % American journalist Bill Marsano implies that …


1)
while travelling the British suffered from hunger.



2)
the life of the British at home used to be very hard .



3)
the British initially conquered lands to get better food.



4)
the creation of the British empire was a long proces s.


Ответ: & % The word
substantial (“Dinner is always the most substantial meal ...”) in
Paragraph 7 is synonymous to … 1) nourishing.


2) delicious.


3) balanced.


4) fattening.

Ответ: & % The main aim of the text is to …


1)
give food for thought.



2)
advertise British food.



3)
criticise foreign cuisines.



4)
disprove stereotypes.


Ответ:
По окончании выполнения заданий 10–18 не забудьте пе
ренести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа о т номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов на задания 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых

и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной
клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

& %
15 16 17 18

Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

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Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, есл и необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными сл овами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.
Languages in the USA


The most commonly used language in the United State s is
English, which is the de facto national language. N onetheless,
many other languages
__________________
in the United
States.

SPEAK
& % __________________
include indigenous languages,
languages brought to the country by colonists, ensl aved people
and immigrants from Europe, Africa and Asia.
THIS
& % Spanish, of course, is the
__________________
most
commonly spoken language in the United States. Howe ver, few
people realise that after English and Spanish Chine se is spoken
regularly in more American homes than any other lan guage.
TWO
& %
The Brownings

On January 10, 1845, Robert Browning, a little-known
poet
and playwright, sent a letter to Elizabeth Barrett, an
internationally renowned poet, an invalid, after re ading her
volume of poetry. Over the course of the next 20 mo nths, they __________________
each other close to 600 letters.

WRITE
& % It is one of the
__________________
literary correspondences
of all time.
GREAT
& % The couple’s last letter was exchanged on September
18, 1846,
the night before the two
__________________
for a trip to
Italy and two weeks after their secret marriage.

LEAVE
& % __________________
romance, which Elizabeth credited with
saving her life, lasted for 15 years and spawned so me of the
world’s most beautiful poetry.
THEY
& %
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Открытый вариант 2

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов
, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31 , однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лек сически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.


The Vancouver Aquarium

The Vancouver Aquarium is a public aquarium. It is
__________________ located in Stanley Park, a popul ar area.
CONVENIENT
& % In addition to being a major __________________ for
Vancouver, the aquarium is a centre for marine rese arch and
conservation. ATTRACT & % It was one of the first facilities to invite ______
____________
into the galleries to interpret animal behaviour. SCIENCE & % So a visit to the aquarium is not only pleasant, bu
t also
__________________.
EDUCATION & % The aquarium remains a nonprofit organisation. Its
__________________ is the City of Vancouver.
OWN & % The aquarium has been rented for $40,000 a year sin ce 1991.
This money and the entrance fees paid by
__________________ support the aquarium financially .
TOUR & %
26 27 28 29 30 31

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© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа ц ифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

The man on the trail
It was a cold grey day when the man walked into the main Yukon trail. He
climbed the snow-covered river bank where a trail w ent through the pine forest. It
was a high bank, and the man paused to breathe at t he top and 32 _______ at the
sky. It was nine o’clock in the morning. There was no sun or even the promise of
sunshine, 33 _______ there was not a cloud in the sky. It was a clear day, but the sun was absent from the sky. This fact did not worr y the man because he could
hardly 34 _______ a day when he had seen the sun.
The man had come a long way alone, and he was reall y proud 35 _______
himself. The old man from the village warned him ho w cold it sometimes got in
this country. He said that no man should travel alo ne in this season. Despite all the
problems on the way, the man 36 _______ to save himself.
The Yukon River was hidden under three feet of ice with as many feet of
snow on top. It was all pure white. North and south , as far as the eye could see, it
was white. There was only a thin dark line that cur ved to the south. This dark line
was the trail – the main trail. It led south 500 mi les to the Chilcoot Pass. It led
north 75 miles to Dawson and still farther on to th e north a thousand miles more.
However, all this – the distant trail, no sun in th e sky, and the great cold – had no
37 _______ on the man. It was not because he was long 38 _______ with it. On
the contrary, he was a newcomer in the land, and th is was his first winter.


1)
observed


2)
noticed


3)
watched



4)
looked


Ответ: & % 1)
therefore


2)
otherwise


3)
although


4)
however


Ответ: & % 1)
review


2)
remember


3)
revise


4)
remind


Ответ: & %
32 33 34
Открытый вариант 2

1)
of

2)
on


3)
at

4)
by


Ответ: & % 1)
succeeded


2)
achieved


3)
managed


4)
completed


Ответ: & % 1)
result


2)
effect


3)
change


4)
mark


Ответ: & % 1)
certain


2)
familiar


3)
common


4)
general


Ответ: По окончании выполнения заданий 19–38 не забудьте пе
ренести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа о т номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов на задания 19–31 буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых

и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую букву или цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.


Проверьте, чтобы каждый ответ был записан рядом с ном ером
соответствующего задания. & %
35 36 37 38

Открытый вариант 2 АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

8 / 8

© 2020 Федеральная служба по надзору в сфере образования и науки


Раздел 4. Письмо Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оценив аться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие запи си черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание так же на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39 , 40 ), а затем ответ на него.

You have received a letter from your English-speaki ng pen-friend Jasper who
writes:
… My friends have just come back from a trip to Afr ica. It’s been my dream for years! What is your dream trip, where would you like to go and why? Whom would you like to take with you? What is the most difficult thing for you when you travel? My sister is getting married …
Write a letter to Jasper.
In your letter:
− answer his questions;
− ask 3 questions about his sister.
Write 100–140 words .
Remember the rules of letter writing. & %
39
Открытый вариант 2


Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказывани й (40.1 или 40.2), укажите его номер в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2 и выразите своё мнение по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.

Comment on one of the following statements.

Studying online is more interesting than studying a t school.

Summer holidays in the countryside are best for tee nagers.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statem ent?

Write 200–250 words .

Use the following plan:
– make an introduction (state the problem paraphras ing the given
statement);
– express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reason s for your opinion;
– express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing
opinion;
– explain why you do not agree with the opposing op inion;
– make a conclusion restating your position.


Проверьте, чтобы каждый ответ был записан рядом с ном ером
соответствующего задания. & % 40.1 40.2