FAQ_ITTF_July_2020

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Теги: ITTF URC. Хитрые вопросы с ответами.
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Frequently Asked Questions /
Case Studies





This document presents a lot of questions which have been sent to ITTF URC /discussed
during IR conferences and concerns /issues which are not always exactly defined in
regulations and directives.
Therefore, ITTF URC presents recommendations , which will help us to have a
common standard in all events. Nevertheless, it is possible that some described
procedures have to be adapt ed to the circumstances at each specific event .





Date: 06 /20 20








Copyright © ITTF

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1. DEFINITIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ . 4
1.1. Match ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 4
2. RACKET CONTROL ................................ ................................ ......................... 4
2.1. Team Event ................................ ................................ ................................ . 4
2.2. Self -adhesive labels ................................ ................................ ..................... 5
2.3. Racket testing after the match ................................ ................................ ..... 5
2.3.1. Racket has been tested before the match in the Call Area ................................ ...... 5
2.3.2. Racket has not been tested before the match in the Call Area ................................ 5
2.3.3. No official racket control by ITTF but organiser insists on RC / conflict CM ............... 6
2.3.4. Player refuses to give t he racket to the umpire for an after -match test .................... 6
2.4. Change of racket after and during practice period ................................ ......... 6
2.5. Players in doubles changed rackets ................................ ............................... 7
2.6. Voluntary racket control ................................ ................................ ............... 7
2.7. Both players fail after match racket control in last team match ....................... 8
2.8. Use of a different sponge ................................ ................................ ............. 8
2.9. Examples of Rackets ................................ ................................ .................... 9
2.9.1. Lacquer ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 9
2.9.2. Any size or shape (2.4.1) ................................ ................................ ................... 10
2.9.3. Blade not continuous (2.4.5) ................................ ................................ .............. 10
2.9.4. Gripped by the fingers (2.4.4) ................................ ................................ ............ 11
2.9.5. Matt, bright red (2.4.5) ................................ ................................ ..................... 12
2.9.6. Slight deviations (2.4.7.1) ................................ ................................ .................. 13
3. PENALTY POINT SYSTEM (PPS), MISBEHAVIOUR OF PLAYERS ......................... 14
3.1. Time wasting ................................ ................................ .............................. 14
3.2. Misbehaviour of both players of a doubles pair ................................ ............. 14
3.3. Misbehaviour after the end of an individual match in a team event ................ 14
3.4. Player destroys his racket ................................ ................................ ............ 15
3.5. Player destroys the ball during the match ................................ ..................... 15
3.6. Spec ific cases ................................ ................................ ............................. 15
3.7. Celebrations after the match ................................ ................................ ....... 15
3.8. Very serious misbehaviour after the end of a match ................................ ...... 16
4. ADVICE ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 17
4.1. Use of an interpreter ................................ ................................ ................... 17
4.2. Advice ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 17
5. MATCH PROCEDURE ................................ ................................ ...................... 19
5.1. Nomination of teams/players ................................ ................................ ....... 19
5.1.1. Team not complete ................................ ................................ ........................... 19
5.1.2. Change the nomination for doubles ................................ ................................ .... 19
5.2. Service ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 19
5.2.1. Complaint about service ................................ ................................ .................... 19
5.2.2. Service with racket handle ................................ ................................ ................. 20
5.2.3. Warning after faulting a service ................................ ................................ ......... 20
5.3. Intervals ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 20
5.4. Time Out – 2nd Time Out after the 1 st one ................................ .................... 20
5.5. Arou nd the net ................................ ................................ ........................... 21

3

5.6. Ball breaks during a rally ................................ ................................ ............. 21
5.7. Both players want to change the ball during a match ................................ .... 21
5.8. Expedite System ................................ ................................ ......................... 22
5.8.1. Error in counting ................................ ................................ ............................... 22
5.9. Suspension of play due to Medical Break ................................ ...................... 22
5.10. Player changing a playing garment during an authorised interval: time
exceeds 1 minute ................................ ................................ ................................ 23
6. EQUIPMENT IN THE FIELD OF PLAY ................................ ............................... 23
6.1. Camera on the net ................................ ................................ ...................... 23
7. PLAYING CLOTHING ................................ ................................ ...................... 24
7.1. Clothing of doubles pair – short/skirt ................................ ........................... 24
7.1. Clothing of doubles pair – colour of shirts ................................ .................... 24
7.2. Name on the shirt and 3 letter association ................................ ................... 25
7.3. Playing without shoes ................................ ................................ ................. 25
7.4. Examples: ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 25
8. QUESTIONS WEBINAR 03.06.2020 “MISBEHAVIOUR FROM THE POINT OF VIEW
OF UMPIRES, REFEREES AND PLAYERS ................................ ................................ 26

4

1. Definitions
1.1. Match
Whenever the word “match” is used bLWVHOILWPHDQVLQGLYLGXDOPDWFh .
2.12 A match
2.12.1 A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games

If something covers a whole team match (e.g. advice, misbehaviour) then the words “t eam
match” are specificallVWDWHGDQGRIWHQWKHZRUGVLQGLYLGXDOPDWFKDUHDOVRXVHGLQWKH
same sentence to differentiate.

2. Racket Control
2.1. Team Event
If both teams deposit their players' rackets at the Call Area for check before t he start of the
team match, it means that the umpire will have to carry 6 rackets. This will NOT look nice
especially for televised matches.
Final stage matches/TV matches:
It is recommend that in staged matches/televised matches volunteers bring the rackets to
the table, either all 6 before the start of the first individual match, or 2 rackets at a time
before the start of each individual match.
Another alternative for final staged team matches is for a volunteer, sitting outside the box,
to give the rackets for each match to the umpire/assistant umpire in the box and take back
the rackets used by the players in the previous match. This volunteer should have the list of
matches (score sheet) and therefore should know which rackets to give to the umpire.
A third alterna tive, where there is sufficient time between matches, is for the assistant
umpire to place all the rackets under the assistant umpire’s table well before the march in
procedure begins.
Therefore the umpires are not marching in with any rackets.

Not final stage matches or TV matches
The umpire carries the 2 rackets of the first single, and the assistant -umpire the other 4
rackets. If it is a "normal" match rackets can be kept under th e assistant umpire ’s table in
en velopes with the name s of the player s.

5

2.2. Self -adhesive labels
Please use (white) self -adhesive labels (no t post -it) with the name. For the next match just
cover the previous one with another self -adhesive tag. When there is an after -match control,
the cov er/racket bag concerned may have an additional coloured post -it or small coloured
sticker .

2.3. Racket t esting after the match
2.3.1. Racket has been tested before the match in the Call Area
The r acke t of p layer A has been tested before the match in the Call Area and the umpire
brought the racket to the table and handed it over to the player at the table.
Can this racket also be tested after the match, if the racket has not been changed?
We should not test this racket a second tim e as the player trust s the officials that everything
has been controlled before the start of the match as he presented the racket on time in the
Call Area before the match. If the racket is test ed again in error the result s of the test should
be ignored.
2.3.2. Racket has not been tested before the match in the Call Area
After the match Racket Control Centre detects that the extension of the rubber above the
blade is more than the tolerance and forwards it to the referee on duty.
Any other irregularity has to be controlled before the match by the umpire (in this case in
the field of play) and player trusts the official that everything that is immediately visible
without any device has been controlled before the start.
Therefore no action from the referee – the ra cket is legal.

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2.3.3. No official racket control by ITTF but organiser insists on RC /
conflict CM

• Re feree’s decision that racket is illegal cannot be changed by CM
• If there is no official ITTF Racket control foreseen – Organiser has to be informed that no
Racket control room will be set up
• But you can organise racket testing in the call area
• Attention : only use in referee report : “ Log “ – not “racket control ”
2.3.4. Player refuses to give the racket to the umpire for an after -match
test
This will be treated as misbehaviour and will be reported to the referee.
Decision of the referee
a. Red card and disqualification for the match/event/tournament
b. = racket control failure and
a. If official racket control: entered in referee report: file “racket control” and
explanation under incident description: “Player refused racket control”
b. No official racket control: entered in referee report: file “Log” AND report to
association
2.4. Change of racket after and during practice period
A player, who presented the racket before the match in the Call Area, starts to practice at
the table with the official inspected racket and asks the umpire whether he/she can change
the racket and use anot her one?
It is allowed to change the racket during the practice period /before the start of the match
(2.4.8) but the player has to accept that th e “new racket” will be tested after the match.

7

2.5. Players in doubles changed rackets
In a doubles match AB vs YZ a fter the first game has ended, AB come back to the table for
the second game. A takes B's racket and B takes A's racket. The opponents complain that AB
have changed rackets. The umpire calls the referee.
Possible actions:
1 Require that players use their o wn rackets
2 Disqualify the players for changing rackets
3 Allow the players to continue as the rackets were both checked before the match
4 Other actions?
The referee needs to determine if the exchange was intentional or accidental
If it was accidental, the referee will require the players to use their own rackets.
If it was intentional, the referee will disqualify both players for changing rackets.

2.6. Voluntary racket control
A player wants to h ave a voluntary racket test done and asks the umpire in the Call Area to
inspect her/ his racket. Can a voluntary test be done in the Call Area?
A voluntary test shall always be done in the Racket Control Centre and NOT in the Call Area.
The umpire in the C all Area has to send the player to the Racket Control Centre .
If there is no Racket Control Centre , the umpires in the Call Area have to send the player to
the referee on duty and he/she will give an opinion , if there is enough time and sp ace for
such a test .

8

2.7. Both players fail after match racket control in last team
match

It is important to determine a winner. As there is no spe cific regulation, following procedure
should be followed:
• Calculation of games and afterwards points.
• If it is still not possible the winner shall be decided by lot
Winner receives 2 points, loser 1 point in the group
But the final result is 2:2 (important for a possible group calculation at the end)

Referee should inform teams during the jury meeting about this procedure.
2.8. Use of a different sponge

No action as it is ALLOWED

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Can you change the sponge combined with an authorized racket covering,
replacing it with another sponge of different density and/or colo ur?
Yes, it is ALLOWED

2.9. Examples of Rackets
2.9.1. Lacquer

Other methods have to be used for controlling this racket (e.g. magnifying glass). There is
no rule, which forbids using lacquer on this part of the racket.
A racket that fails a thickness test using a loupe magnifier or magnifying glass will not have
the result recorded under “racket control” in the referee report but only in the “log ” even if
there is a RCC. This is in keeping with the decision by ITTF that only ITTF supplied
equipment can be documented for the purposes of accumulated failures, and the l oupe
magnifier or magnifying glass are not supplied by the ITTF

10

2.9.2. Any size or shape (2.4.1)

ALLOWED (provided that the ITTF logo, the ITTF number (when present), the supplier and
brand names are clearly visible near the handle )


2.9.3. Blade not continuous (2.4.5)

NOT ALLOWED

11


NOT ALLOWED

2.9.4. Gripped by the fingers (2.4.4)

ALLOWED

12


ALLOWED
2.9.5. Matt, bright red (2.4.5)

NOT ALLOWED

13

2.9.6. Slight deviations (2.4.7.1)

Allowed up to 1 cm from the edge
Not allowed in the middle of the rubber NOT ALLOWED (COLOUR)

14

3. Penalty Point System (PPS) , Misbehaviour of players
3.1. Time wasting
A player comes late fo r his match and the umpire shows a yellow card for time wasting . The
referee is called to the table . What should he /she do?
Referee i nstruct s the umpire that he cannot issue a yellow card for this offence as t he player
was not in the playing area and therefore not under the jurisdiction of the umpire.
The referee then has to decide regarding the degree of lateness and determine if the match
goes ahead or if the late player is defaulted .

3.2. Misbehaviour of both players of a doubles pair
Both players of a doubles pair (A and B) have misbehaved immediately following the loss of
a game ( one player threw the racket, the second one shouted bad words) .
Yellow card to player A and yellow/red to player B. It makes no difference whether it is in
the same moment or a little bit later. A warning or penalty incurred by either player of a
doubles p air shall apply to the pair (3.5.2.6). In the next individual match of this team match
each player starts with a yellow card.

3.3. Misbehaviour after the end of an individual match in a
team event

Double s will start with yellow/red 2 penalty points but the score is 0:0 as at the start of the
doubles match the pair shall be regarded as having incurred the higher of any warnings or
penalties incurred by either player in the same team match. (3.5.2.6)

15

3.4. Player destroys his racket
A player has damaged one side of his racket in a moment of anger and wants to continue to
play with this racket
PlaHULVQRWDOORZHGWRFKDQJHWKHUDFNHWEXWKHFDQSOD with his “non - damaged” side of
the racket, if for all other requirements the racket still complies with ITTF Handbook rule 2.4.
If the racket cannot be used anymore (is not legal), the player fo rfeits the match.
3.5. Player destroys the ball during the match
A player destroys the ball on purpose after he/she has lost a point.
Umpire has to show a YELLOW card for misbehaviour.

3.6. Specific cases
In a match the behaviour of a player is very volatile such that at one point he lifts his end of
the table and slams it down violently. The spectators are clearly very unhappy with his
behaviour . The umpire issues a yellow card.
a. If the umpire summons yo u as Referee what should you do?
b. If the umpire does not call for you but you see the event from your seat. What action
should you take ?
The umpire has made her/ his decision that it is a yellow card for misbehaviour
A. On arrival at cou rt, the r eferee will talk with the umpire alone about case and ask what
she/ he saw and afterwards should disqualify the player.
B. Referee should interv ene and ask the umpire what he saw and then disqualify the player.

3.7. Celebrations after the match
After winning the final match of an event a player took off his shirt and celebrates.
Depending on the region, where the tournament is held, (Arab countries, Asia) the referee
will have to judge the response of the spectators, and if necessary, intervene and inform the
player to stop this behaviour immediately but it is not counted as misbehaviour.

After winning the match the player jumps on the table
Depending on the point of time the um pire has to react.

16

If it is the only match being played or was the final match of an event, the behaviour can be
accepted as positive emotion and it is not disturbing any other ongoing match.
If it is during a tournament and other matches are still ongoin g, this behaviour shall be
stopped by the umpire and if necessary a yellow card for misbehaviour has to be shown.

3.8. Very s erious misbehaviour after the end of a match
After losing the match a player insults the umpire or referee, destroys equipment or seriously
misbehaves in any other manner.
In addition to including the incident in the Referee Report, in cases of serious misbehaviour
the referee has to;
a) Send a report to the offender’s Association (3.5.2.12)
b) Immediately send a separate report to the ITTF Competition Director with a copy to the ITTF
URC and the CM of the event. The ITTF will convene a Disciplinary Panel as necessary
(3.5.2.13).
There will be no disqualification (red card ) in this situation.

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4. Advice
4.1. Use of an interpreter
An adviser in an individual match takes with him an interpreter to talk to player.
In an individual event a player or pair may only receive advice from one person. It is not
allowed to also have an interpreter (3.5.1.2) . The interpreter may only be used in case of an
appeal to communicate with the referee.

4.2. Advice
3.5.1.3 Players may rec eive advice at any time except during rallies provided that continuity
of play is not affected (3.4.4.1); if any authorised person gives advice illegally the umpire
shall hold up a yellow card to warn him or her that any further such offence will result in his
or her dismissal from the playing area.

Scenarios
A Advice between end of practice and
start of a match
Is allowed as long as it does not
delay the start of the match. If it
delays the start of the match, the
umpire has to call the players to
the table. If they refuse the
umpire has to call the referee.
Legal
Advice
Illegal
Advice
Misbehaviour
(time wasting)
1 Advice during a rally Coach
2 Advice during suspension of play and
between games X
3 Advice between rallies, no interruption
of continuity X
4
Player obviously make a detour to go
to coach (for advice) when going to
pick the ball
Player

18

Legal
Advice
Illegal
Advice Misbehaviour (time wasting)
5
Player moves very slowly to pick up
ball/return to table while coach is
giving advice
Player
6
A goes to Coach for advice when X
retrieving ball
Ready to play when X returns to court
X
7
A goes to Coach for advice when X
retrieving ball from outside court
Do not go back to table immediately
when X returns to court
Player
8
After retrieving ball from outside court,
player goes to coach for advice instead
of going straight to table to start play
Player
9 Advice when player is ready to serve
(ball on palm) X
Coach (if it is obvious that
coach wants to disturb
opponent)
10 Advice before service (player bouncing
ball on table) X
11 Advice during toweling X
12 Player looks to Coach before serving X
13 Player moves slightly to coach side for
advice between rallies X
14 Player goes to coach for advice
between rallies Player

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5. Match Procedure
5.1. Nomination of teams/players
5.1.1. Team not complete

In a team match one of the players is injured before the match and the team captain asks
you to allow the team to play with only tw o players.
According to the regulations for World, Olympic and Paralympic Title Competitions the
referee may allow a team to play with one player absent, where he or she is satisfied that
the absence is due to accident, illness, injury or circumstances outside the control of the
play er or the association concerned (4.1.10.2) . Whilst it is not specified for other events it
shall be used in the same way.

5.1.2. Change the nomination for doubl es

A team match is being played under the former Corbillon system of 4 singles and a doubles
(A v X, B v Y, doubles, A v Y, B v X). At the start of the match, the captain of team A/B/C
nominates B/C as the doubles pair. After the 2nd singles the captain wishes to change his
nomination to A/C.
It is allowed to change the nomination as the pairs for a doubles match need not to be
nominated until the end of the immediately preceding singles match (3.7.7.4).
But it is necessary to inform the captain of the opposing team about the fact that Team
A/B/C will change the ir nomination.

5.2. Service
5.2.1. Complaint about service
Player A serves. Player X, makes a correct return, but shouts "Wrong service!" as he makes
the return. Player A catches the ball and ask s the umpi re "What? Why is he shouting?"
Player X explains to the umpire that A's service was wrong.
The ball was still in play when A caught it. Following options :
Option 1. (preferred) LET: and give a warning to X for misbehaviour OR
Option 2. Point to X, because A didn’t make a good return .

20


5.2.2. Service with racket handle
Player X serves with his racket handle. Is this allowed?
Yes. A player can strike the ball with any part of the racket held in the hand, or with the
playing hand below the wrist (2.5.7), except that the player may not strike the ball with a
side of the racket blade whose surface does not comply with the requirements of 2.4.3, 2.4.4
and 2.4.5. (2.10.01.7)

5.2.3. Warning after faulting a service
If the umpire or assistant umpire decides that the service is incorrect, can he or she still
have doubts about the legality of any subsequent service by that player or his or her doubles
partner and call a warning ?
Yes , a warning is still possible in case of the first doubtful service, no matter if a service has
been faulted before.
According to law 2.6.6.1 the server may be warned by the umpire or assistant
umpire in case of doubtful legality of a service on the 1st occasion in a match -
independent from the fact whether a service of this player or pair was considered
incorrect earlier in this match or not.

5.3. Intervals
During intervals between games, p layer X leaves the playing area and wants to sit on the
bench. The b ench is close to playing area (next to surrounds). Is this allowed?
Play ers are allo wed to sit down between games so long as they are within 3 metres of the
playing area, under the supervision of the umpire (3.4.4.7).

5.4. Time Out – 2nd Time Out after the 1 st one
A vs X
A asks for a Time Out and after 45 seconds comes back.
At this moment X asks for a Time Out.
Allowed or not?
2nd Time Out is still between the rallies and allowed (3.4.4.2.3).

21

5.5. Around the net
PlaHU$PDNHVDEDFNVSLQVKRWDQGWKHEDOOWUDYHOVRYHUWKHQHWDQGODQGVRQWKHRSSRQHQWV
(X) side and then returns back over the net. X runs to the side of the table and, while he is
on A’s side of the table, strikes the ball while it is still in the a ir. The ball hits A’s side and A is
unable to return the ball. What decision should the umpire make?
Point to X as he made a good return which won the point

5.6. Ball breaks during a rally
Umpire has to call LET (2.9.2.4) - regardless of direction of ball's tr ajectory
If a ball is obviously cracked or completely broken during a rally then the umpire will always
call „let “(2.9.2.4 because the conditions of play are disturbed in a way which could affect the
outcome of the rally). The trajectory of the ball is irrelevant and it doesn`t matter where the
ball is when it is struck.
E.g. If a player hits the ball with the edge of the racket and the ball breaks into two halves
or the broken ball goes into a direction away from the table, the umpire has to call a LET.
But after the rally a player cannot claim that the ba ll was broken in the previous rally.

5.7. Both players want to change the ball during a match
(e.g. after the 3 rd game)
Umpire takes a new ball, which has been chosen before the match.

22

5.8. Expedite System
5.8.1. Error in counting

A. Let
B. No action as i t is a decision of fact by the stroke counter and can not be changed.

5.9. Suspension of play due to Medical Break

Not allowed according to 3.4.4.5 as it is a disability which was present already at the
beginning of the match.
BUT using common sense it is allowed in the same way as re -tying the shoelace is not a
problem.

23

5.10. Player changing a playing garment during an
authorised interval: time exceeds 1 minute
If a player needs to change a playing garment, he or she may be allowed to leave the
playing area to do so during any authorised interval in play, accompanied by an official. The
referee may give permission on each occasion or as a general dispensatio n to umpires
before play begins (extract HMO 8.6.1) .
In a lot of tour naments the 1 m inute interval will be exceeded (e.g. a long way to the
changing room or washroom). It is recommended to prepare a specific place for changing
clothes close to the playing area .

6. Equipment in the field of play
6.1. Camera on the net

Referee has to inform players and coaches during the jury meeting whether it is part of the
net or not. If it is small technical equipment it has to be considered as part of the net
(3.2.3.9)
In the e xample above the camera is not part of the net.

24


It is not part of the net assembly but undercarriage of the table

7. Playing clothing
7.1. Clothing of doubles pair – short/skirt
Women’s doubles pair: one plaHULVZHDULQJVKRUWVDQGWKHRWKHURQHDVNLUW$SDUWIURP
that colour and design are identical .
Allowed: Players are dressed uniformly (3.2.2.7) – players can choose w hether they play
short or skirt (see also mixed doubles) .

7.1. Clothing of doubles pair – colour of shirts
Player A wears yellow and B wears blue. Player X and Y wear both blue shirts.
Do we need to toss and ask one pair to change?
Allowed: No problem is allowed as you can distinguish both pairs easily and this is also the
intention of the rule (3.2.2.8)

Player A wears yellow and B wears blue, and X wears yellow and Y wears blue.
Not allowed: Toss and one of the players of the "losing" team has to change (3.2.2.9)

25

7.2. Name on the shirt and 3 letter association
T-shirts having the association code on the top and the name underneath are allowed.
7.3. Playing without shoes
A plaHUZDQWVWRSOD without shoes, because during the day his legs swell and it’s ver
painful and impossible for him to use shoes.
The referee has the power to allow the player to play without shoes. (3.3.1.2.10)

7.4. Examples:
Headscarf

Allowed


Allowed

26

8. Q uestions Webina r 03.06.20 20 “Misbehaviour from
the point of vie w of Umpires, R eferees and Players

1. What would the referee do if the umpire gives a red card to a player/ pair for the first act
of misbehaviour?
An umpire has no power to show a red card. In this case the referee must step in,
analyse the situation, and correct the decision.
For example, i f the situation is serious, it could warrant a possible disqualification.
If the misbehaviour was not serious, the referee could direct the umpire to show the
player a yellow card.

2. How can you distinguish between bad behaviour and emotions ?
Positive emotions are an important part of the sport and shall not be avoided.
However, behaviour, which unfairly affects an opponent, offends spectators, or brings
the sport into disrepute is not allowed. (3.5.2.1)

3. When is the correct time for showing up as a referee if the umpire on duty cannot control
the match?
As soon as the referee realises that there might be problems with a match (behaviour
of plaHUVGLVFXVVLRQV KHVKHVKRXOGDSSURDFKWKHILHOGRISOD - not immediately
step in but stay close to the court (show presence). If he/she has the feeling that the
umpire cannot control the match anymore, he/she must intervene .

4. While misbehaviour can be difficult to define, do we (or should we) treat such behaviour
differently after a player wins a match or loses a match. For example, if a player throws
his or h er racket at the surround after winning or losing a match with or without damaging
the surround.
Positive emotions are an important part of the sport and shall not be avoided.
However, behaviour, which unfairly affects an opponent, offends spectators, or brings
the sport into disrepute is not allowed. (3.5.2.1)
Throwing racket : decision depends on the specific situation.
Throwing into the surroundings is not accepta ble and is treated as misbehaviour.

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5. What is the rule regarding shouting?
Shouting is not specifically mentioned but 3.5.2.1 is valid:
Behaviour, which unfairly affects an opponent, offends spectators, or brings the sport
into disrepute are not allowed. (3.5.2.1) .

6. What can the umpire or referee do about misbehaviour after a match ?
3.3.2.8 Players shall be under the jurisdiction of the umpire from the time at which
they arrive at the playing area until they leave it.
3.3.1.6 Players shall be under the jurisdiction of the referee from the time at which
they arrive at the playing venue until they leave it.
The umpire must act according to 3.5.2. Therefore, a yellow card may also be shown
after the end of the match a nd will be recorded in the database.
The referee must act according to 3.5.2.8. – see FAQ 3.8
In addition to including the incident in the Referee Report, in cases of se rious
misb ehaviour , the referee must :
• Send a report to the offender’s Association (3.5.2.12)
• Immediately send a separate report to the ITTF Competition Director with a copy to the
ITTF URC and the CM of the event. The ITTF will convene a Disciplinary Panel as
necessary (3.5.2.13).
There will be no disqualification (red card) in this situation.

7. If a player , in a team match , receives a red card in the first match what score should be
shown on the scoreboard in the player’s second match
Depending on the severity of the misbehaviour, the referee may decide to disqualify
the player for the whole team match. In that case the plaHUVVHFRQGPDWFKZRXOGEH
recorded as a walkover to the opponent

8. How should the referee handle misbehavio ur by a player arising from wrong decisions by
the umpire ?
The referee must analyse the scenario and it is important to calm down the situation ,
taking into account this specific situation. Nevertheless, a wrong decision does not
justify misbehaviour and necessary measures might be necessary (3.5.2.1) but also a
further observati on of this match is necessary.

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9. In a team match, a member of the bench receives a yellow card and then a red card for
illegal advice. In my umpiring career I have faced two different interpretations on the
meaning of the red card:
1. A player can continue to receive advice at any time as provided by the Regulations.
2. A player may not receive further advice even during authorised mome nts.
(Applied before the rule modification which now allowed advice to be received
between successive rallies).
3.5.1.4 After a warning has been given, if in the same team match or the same match
of an individual event anyone again gives advice illegally, the umpire shall hold up a
red card and send him or her away from the playing area, whether or not he or she
was the person warned
The remaining team members on the team bench can still give advice to the player.

10. Can the Referee disqualify a player who has received several yellow cards during a
tournament in different matches? Can the referee only warn him/her? If so, how does he
do it? In a formal or informal way? What happens if the player receives another YC after
that warning?
A player, who receives several yellow cards during a tournament should be informed
by the referee that continuous mis behaviour might lead to a disqualification. It is
important to record all yellow cards in the referee log.

11. A pl ayer asked for time -out, but after the t ime -out was over the player did not come back .
The AU loudly announced TIME, the u mpire 3 time called p layer country and name,
because the coach was talking to the player. When the player is back at the table, should
the yellow card be show n to player or coach? in 2 different championship same thing
happen and each one those different option applied.
Depen ding on the situation the yellow card should be given either to the player or
coach. If the coach does not stop talking to the player, the yellow card might be given
to coach (3.5.2.1 unfairly affects opponent, who is ready). Otherwise the yellow card
must be given to the player.

12. According to 17.1.7 of HMO, the assistant umpire can interrupt play, because of
misbehavio ur. Can the umpire take no action?
The umpire has the final decision (3.3.2.3.10).

13. What action should an umpire take when he is pushed off his chair and fell onto the floor
by the losing player after a match had ended?
The umpire must call the referee .

29

14. How do you manage consistency amongst umpires and referees regarding their reaction to
player misconduct ?
Consistency can only be possible if match officials are trained and ITTF URC has
published different documents: e.g. newsletter, FAQ, Guidelines
https://www.itt f.com/committees/umpires -referees/documents/

15. How do you deal with rowdy elements in the spectator stands?
The referee must contact the organiser. It is the responsibility of the organiser to
ensure a fair and correct tournament. Spectators, disturbing the event, should be
removed from the venue. If a fair event cannot be ensured the tournament cannot
continue.

16. If someone i s coaching a player from the tribune can I as the umpire show them a red card
and send them away or must I send for the referee?
The umpire must inform the referee, who will contact the organiser (see question
above) .

17. How to act when a player "cleans" his hand on the table just after the net post? Is this a
form of misbehaviour?
The ITTF COVID -19 Guidelines are new, and players have to adapt to this situation.
Therefore, players should be informed (without warning) that this behaviour is not
acceptable , but if he/she continues this should be treated as misbehaviour and the
umpire must warn the player.

18. What should an umpire do when a player jumps onto the table to celebrate winning at the
end of an individual match? Would the reaction be different if it occurr ed at the end of a
tournament’s Final match?
See FAQ 3.7.
After winning the final match of an event a player took off his shirt and celebrates.
Depending on the region, where the tournament is held, (Arab countries, Asia) the
referee will have to judge the response of the spectators, and if necessary, intervene
and inform the player to stop this behaviour immediately but it is not counted as
misbehaviour.

After winning the match the player jumps on the table
Depending on the point of time the umpire must react.

30

If it is the only match being played or was the final match of a tournament , the
behaviour can be accepted as positive emotion and it is not disturbing any other
ongoing match.
If it is during a tournament and other matches are still ongoing, this behaviou r shall be
stopped by the umpire and , if necessary , a yellow card for misbehaviour must be
shown.

19. If a player is sweating heavily during the match, umpires can obviously see the sweat
droplets on the floor. The player request to have towelling when it is not the allowed
period , which is every 6 points . Can the umpire allow the player to do so?
It is the task of the umpire to ensure fair conditions and in case of sweat it can be
necessary to relax the 6 -points regulation.
HMO 13.3.2 refers to players wearing spectacles
HMO 13.3.3 The purpose of the restriction on towelling is to prevent it being used as a
delaLQJWDFWLFHLWKHUWRJDLQH[WUDUHVWWLPHRUWRGLVWXUEWKHUK\WKPRIDQRSSRQHQWV
game. There is no reason why play ers may not towel at times which do not further
interrupt the continuity of play, such as when the ball is being retrieved from outside
the playing area, but care must be taken that players do not deliberately cause such
breaks.

20. How do you deal with misbehaviour during the match and during the tournament when a
player is not playing? Also m isbehaviour by non -players during the to urnament?
Players:
3.3.1.6 Players shall be under the jurisdiction of the referee from the time at which
they arrive at the playing venue until they le ave it.
The referee must act according to 3.5.2.8.

Non -Players
The referee must contact the organiser. It is the responsibility of the organiser to
ensure a fair and correct tournament. Spectators, disturbing the event, should be
removed from the venue. If a fair event cannot be ensured the tournament cannot be
continued.

31


21. Dealing with players shouting out in a language you or your assistant umpire do not
understand. Would this be different if you or your assistant understands the language? If
so, is this fair on players who speak a common language like English, French, Germ an or
Spanish? .
The umpire must act as soon as abusive language is used. If the language used is not
known to the umpire, the umpire can only act taking into account the body
language/emotions and if he/she is sure that the behaviour is not acceptable, t he
player must be warned.

22. What is the guidance about a player throwing a racket on the table at the end of a game?
The umpire must analys e whether the racket has been thrown from far away and hit
the table in a loud way, which may destroy the table or bring the sp ort into disrepute
(3.5.2 misbehaviour).

23. Coaching is allowed after each point, so players are always looking at the coach which
serve to serve. that delays the match, players rol l the ball with their feet towards their
coach. Not good for the sport. thes e are delayed tactics. , should something be done?
See FAQ 4.2 Advice
Yellow card to player

24. What is classed as a serious offence (3.5.2.2 ITTF Handbook)
Serious offences are offences, which are more serious than under 3.5.2.1. There is no
exhaustive list, but examples might be “threatening the opponent, officials, destroLQJ
the equipment, which will not allow to continue the match (e.g. destroying the tab le) .

25. If a player accidently moves the playing surface then according to HMO 12.1.2 the player
will not be penalised. Does "shaking" and "moving" have the same meaning here?
Only lifting, permanent shifting or di splacement, or intentional shaking the tabletop
should result in the awarding of a point.

26. If a player , after losing a point, loses his/her temper and stops the ball very hard with the
racket against the table to the point of almost breaking the ball, should this action be a
sanction with a yellow card?
The umpire must analyse the situation and depending on the way the player stops the
ball, he/she must decide whether it is misbehaviour. There is no general rule for this
situation.

32


27. What happens to a player who was given a report of misbehavio ur by the referee after a
tournament? Does it affect his participation in future tournaments?
3.5.2.13 A Disciplinary Panel appointed by the Executive Committee, consisting of 4
members and a chair, shall decide on appropriate sanctions for offences reported by
the referee of an event within 14 days of the end of the event. The Disciplinary Panel
shall decide according to directives given by the Executive Committee .

28. What happens if a player, due to some inconvenience during the game due to not
agreeing with a n umpire 's decision, does not want to continue playing? After talking with
the referee, he decides to continue, but he makes a bad show.
The player brings the sport into disrepute (3.5.2.1), whi ch is treated as misbehaviour .
The umpire must warn the player (Penalty Point System) and, if necessary, the referee
has to act accordingly (disqualification). Additionally, 3.5.3. ”Good presentation” will
lead to a report to the Disciplinary Panel.

29. Can referees show a yellow card to a player if happens something outside the playing
area ?
A referee cannot show a yellow card, but will warn the player , without showing a
yellow card , if he/she continues to misbehave he/she might be disqualified .
3.3.1. 6 Players shall be under the jurisdiction of the referee from the time at which
they
arrive at the playing venue until they leave it.

30. What is the c orrect procedure of a referee if it is reported by the umpire that the athlete
who lost at the end of the match threw the racket against the surrounds or refuses to
greet the team of umpires and leaves the field of play.
The referee , and also the umpires , should acknowledge that a player, who lost a
match ma y be disappointed and frustrated and sometimes refuses to shake hands with
the umpires (not in COVID 19 situation). This behaviour should not be recorded as
misbehaviour.
BUT throwing the racket against the surroundings is regarded as misbehaviour.

33


31. After the match, the player who lost claimed that the umpire asked him before the match
whether he can get the towel of the player , which the player denied. From the point of
view of the player he lost because the umpire judged his service in a very unfair manner.
What can the umpire do against the imputation of the player?
The umpire must report to the referee, who will analyse the situation , and also have a
meeting with the player. In any case an umpire shall never ask for the towel of a
player (Code of Ethics)

32. Penalties - team match
See
3.5.2.6 A warning or penalty incurred by either player of a doubles pair shall apply to
the pair, but not to the non -offending player in a subsequent individual match of the
same team match; at the start of a doubles match the pair shall be regarded as having
incurred the higher of any warnings or penalties incurred by either player in the same
team match.
and HMO:
Warnings apply in a team event, the remainder of the team match, and subsequent
offences will incur penalty points.
and
FAQ 3.2. and 3.3.

33. According to ITTF COVID -19 Guidelines released 22nd May 2020, no touching and cleaning
of table with the hands during matches. If the umpire once warned for the player' s that
kind of behavio ur but he or she would not stop but continued to do it, should the umpire
show a yellow card, applying PPS?
The ITTF COVID -19 Guidelines are new , and players have to adapt to this situation.
Therefore, players should be informed (without warning) that this behaviour is no t
acceptable and if he/she continues this should be treated as misbehaviour and the
umpire must warn the player.

34. In a round robin group of 4, there is an altercation between player A and B , resulting in a
physical fight. As a referee do you disqualify bo th and only have one group match or do
you punish the first offender ?
The referee must analyse the whole situation. A close cooperation with the
Competition Manager and the organiser is necessary. Depending on the result of the
analysis the referee might disqualify one or both players.

34


35. How should the excess of screams be sanctioned, and when is it recommended?
Screaming should not unfairly affect the opponent or any other players in the venue.
The decision whether it must be sanctioned depends on the circumstances ( loudness
level in the venue, spectators, etc.

36. During the interval between games, a player was talking somewhat loudly with his friend,
a spectator in the stand, about the opponent, the previous game and his (the player)
mistakes. There was no adviser and the spectator's stand was very near.
It is not forbidden to talk with spectators but if it un fairly affects the opponent or any
other player, the umpire must inform the player that this behaviour is not acceptable.

37. Can the assistant umpire give a warning concerning misbehaviour
No
HMO
17.1.7 The assistant umpire may often be in a better position than the umpire to see
misbehaviour. If this occurs, the assistant umpire should immediately draw this to the umpire’s
attention, interrupting play if necessary, by calling “stop” and raising his or her hand. The umpire
should then take any appropr iate action.

38. An umpire shows a red card to a coach to leave the benc h. The coach goes to the stan ds
and his player begins to insult the coach for misbehaving towards the umpire. His voice
was so loud that the umpire and other spectators heard him. Because he was on the side
of the umpire, is it appropriate for the umpire to penalise the player for misbehaving
towards his coach?
The umpire still must inform the player that this behaviour brings the sport into
disrepute and must be stopped and is con sidered as misbehaviour.

39. Player kick s a ball to ball person when multiball system was in use . I did not use a card to
player while feeling strange. What do you think this action?
No action by the umpire.
This is action might even be necessary to allow t he player to continue the match.

40. What is the d ifference in misbehaviour between deliberately damag ing racket to change it ,
and damag ing it “only” because of nerves?
See also FAQ 3.4
A player has damaged one side of his racket in a moment of anger and wants to
continue to play with this racket
PlaHULVQRWDOORZHGWRFKDQJHWKHUDFNHWEXWKHFDQSOD with his “non - damaged”
side of the racket, if for all other requirements the racket still complies with ITTF

35

Handbook rule 2.4. If the racket cannot be used anymore (is not legal), the player
forfeits the match.
If the racket has been damaged unintentional ly, the player is allowed to change the
racket.

41. One player makes an obscene movement intended to opponent ’s coach, but the umpire
does not see it. The offended coach asks the umpire to penali ze the player for bad
behaviour . What action should the umpire take ?
The umpire can only judge the situation, which he/she could see. The coach still has
the possibility to make an appeal to the referee, who will analyse the situation.

42. When should the referee be called to a match where there is a dispute ?
Either one of the coaches might call the referee if he/she does not agree with the
decision of the umpire.
But also, the umpire can call the referee, if it is obvious that the players are not
accepting his/her decision and are not continuing to play.

43. If during the time out the co ach hit the athlete, scolding him about the game, should the
umpire I ntervene in this situation?
The umpire should immediately inform the referee.