тетрадь для практических работ по биологии 5 класс

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BcTaBJreHHafl B [JIaCTMaCCOBbIfi gepmate.rs) CuuuI'ITe MaJIeHg )I(I{IIbI I,1 froJIOE(LrTe el,o B KafIJ'IIO HpacIITeJifl Ha [peAMeTHOe cTeH'TO' ctex'no
IIp,IroToBbTe SapaHee. ono AoJI]ItHo 6rrtr coBepIxeHHO rIpICTbIivl' Epatr CTeKJIO
pyKaMI,I Hylr('Ho aa 6oxosrre cropoHbl, uto6st He ocraBJlffTb Ha uiiryr ngten'
Kau.nro KpacflTeJlfl HaHocflT Ha [peAMerHoe creKJIo nuuerxofi'
Icycouex Kolrcrlrlbr pacnpaBbTe flpeflaposaIsHOft vtr'nofi" c npenapoBaJlbHblMl',I
r.ruIaMI4 cne.4yer pa6otatr ocropo)rcuo' He pasMaxr{Bafite rauu!
flpenapar narpofire rroKpoBHbIM cTeI(JIOrvr. Bpatr elo B pyKI{ Hy}ItHo ocTo-
polnHo: oHO xpyflKoe r,1 qacTo TpecHaerca. fIoxpoBHE'Ie cttixla TaK]I(e Aep]IcaT
aa 6oxosrle rpanrr, Har( fIoKaBaHo Ha plrcyHr(e'
H arcpuLaattue npenapama noKpooHbLJW cmeKJLotL
fotosrrfi flpenapar fioJlox(rrre Ha flpeAMetnsrfi croJIlIH'
flocruorpraTe B or(yJrflp Lr fIoBepHIlTe sepKaJIO taft, uto6bl 6sI'n BIIAeH spKo
ocneuqiinnsrfi xPYr.
floxpytnre BrrHT, OnycTr,lTe o6.rexrras raK, Uro6bl OH HaXoAI4"ICfl Ha paccToff-
,,L.,. B Hec*oJrb*o MrrJrJrr4MerpoB or floxpoBuoro creKJIa flpeflapara' ouycxatr
o6rexrr.re cJreAyeT OCTOpOlIcHo, uto6rt He pasAaBI4Tb I4M [OHpoBHOe cremlo!
floc.rre ETOro, MSAJTSHHO Bpall{afl BIIHT' no4rrauaitre o6'rexu{B' IIOKa He yBI',I-
Ar,ITe B orcyJlflp utitnyto Kaprrauxy'

ffi flog rvrzrcpocrcorloM BbI yBr4xr4Te KJrerKr4 Kolxrrrrbr Jryxa. Paccuorpr4Te rax.
OQtopu ne ruue pe JA ilbmamol
& Saprcyfite KJIerKrr, I{oropbre Bbr pacclro.rpeJrr{ roA Mr{Kpoc6oloM.
t--
I
I
I
t
I
_)
& O6oaHa'mre rra pLIcyHKe re rracrr{ rrJrerrn, Koropbre Bbr yBr4Aeara ("rgpo, qu-
ron;raanta).
C,qenafire BrrBoAbr.
B nrrnoge o6patzre BHI{MaHrre Ha BoaMo}rcHocrr,r Mr{Kpocrcofla 11pr{ }r3ydregr{t4
HJICTOK.
fleffi&p&Y&pffi&ffi peffi&Y& $*e s
Cocrae KneroK pacreHuil
L{enu pa6otol: onpegeflrrb HaIImtrNe B KnerKax pacreHuft opraHilqecKnx v HeopraHilqecK}rx
Beu_lecTB.
o6opygoaaHle u Marep[arbr: ceMeHa no4conHeqHilKa, nmcr Kanycrur, 6yrraara, rny6enu
xaprorfenn, nrnerKa, pacrBop fioga, cKaflKa.
Bo3slvlfite x,'rySeur xapto$e;ra lr paapexcr,Te ero. Ha cpeS HalHr4Te Ka[Jrro
itoaa.
Xog pa6orul

w
ffi Sanraurrate, rrro Bbr na6;rrogaete' O6'rgcuu're rrpfi r{rruy na6nro4aeMoro ff BJIeHI{fl '
Ilo;rorxrare na 6yma1.y ceMeHa roACOJrHeqH[IHa' Haxpofire cBepxy etqii o4nru
Jrr4cTOM vI paSAABrTTe cel/leHa'
.Iro ocra.nocb Ha 6yuare? Saurlurure, r{TO ssr Ha6IIOAaeTe' 06T sclrrate [pI4-
quHy na6.nro4aeMoro aBJlerrl4fl '
floaoxcrare ,a 6yrvrary Jrr4c,r Kafiycrbr. Harpofire cBepxy erqii ogruM JIr4c'roM
r4 [poBeAI4Te rlo HeMY craarcoft'
rlro octanocb rra 6yrvrale? Sanraurrate, rITO Ssr ua6IIOAaeTe' o6T scnrare IIpu-
rrl4uy na6.ruro4aeMoro fl BJIeHITfi '
O Qop uaeruus Pe 3A Jlbm{rtnco
Sauo.r.nrate ta6nraqY.
CAenaftre BhrEoA o cocraBe KJreroK Pactennfi'
Cocran KJreron Pacreuufi
Opra xuuecKue Beule(TBa Heopran uqe(Kue BeqecrBa

II
I
,!A6$r&T0p*{&$l pA60TA },!s 6
Crpoexue KnerKlt rtncra lfloAeyl
[enu pa6orur: paccMorperb crpoeHre KnerKtl nvcra snoAet/.
O6opygoealrne u Mareptaanbt: ruKonbrurir uNrpocKon, npeAMerHble r noKpoBuule ct6xna,
npenapoBafl bHHe ilrnbl, pacTeHile fnoAefl'
Xog pa6orut
BoarNrrare Jrr,rcrorrerc aJIoAer4, [oJro]KI4Te ero Ha lrpeAMeruoe creKJIo B Ka[JIro
BoAbr, nartpofir:e [oKpoBHbrM crexJ'roM. flo;roxure npeflapar Ha npegvletnrrrl
CTOJII4IT.
PaccvrorpraTe KJrerKyr. Jrrrcra cHaqara [pI4 MaJIoIvI, a BareM npu 6onruroM yBe-
Iru7ry61vrv. O6parrare BHr4MaHrre Ha or{pacxy [JIacrIaA. Karcne 9To rJlacrnl:";,?
Saprcyfite I4 [oAn]I[rL4Te yBaAeHHbIe BaMrr qacru KJrerorc.
---]
I
SanoaHzte ra6.nraqy
opraHol,I,4bl, KOTOpbIe
<,Ctpoenrte KJIeTHpI aJIoAeI4 D, o6osnaur4B SHaKoM <'*> Te
Bbr yBr,rAeJrlr B HJIerHe 9JIOAeLI.
Crpoenue KJrerKH eJroAerr
o[rr-*orgo, p".t*
renuxofi KnerKll
Kaxne opraHovtf,bt ecrb B KflerKe rnoAe[
fApo
Knero.{HaR o6onoqra
Irronna:ua
Xnoponnacrut
o

CAenafire BBTBoA o crpoeHul{ KJreroK oJroAeI{.
fiAS{}PET$PH&S PASSTA Nq 7
Crpoexue x(lrBorHofr KrlerKll
{enu pa6orut: paccMorperb Ha prrcyHKax r nop Mr4KpocKoiloM Ha npenaparax crpoeHLle
n pocretTt u ux xt4 BorH btx.
O6opy4oaaH[e u Marepuanbt: ruKonbHurrl rrnrxpocKon, npeflMerHbte m noKpoBHute cr€iKfia,
nrnerKfi, npo6rpxa c Kynbrypora rH$y:oprt7t, 3arneu mnr ala65.
O6u9ue caeleu,u* tlo rnetw,e pa6omac
flpocreftrufie - ero MeJrbrraituue x(rrBorrrble, TeJIo r{oropblx cocro}IT vtl o[,'
norl rc.rrerxra. Eo.nurrrncrBo npocreftrrrplx E(IaBorHbIx )rtl4Biir e roge rIJrI4 Bo
nnarxnoft [orrBe, ecrb rd [apaa?rrvrrecxl{e @oprvrrr. O"qnorc.netoqgoe re.]ro rrpo-
creftruero )KnBorHoro coc'roraT r4B qr{TofrJrasMbl I,I oArroro I{JII4 HecxoJlbrcux
,fAep.
Krerxa, o6paayroqaff Teno npocreftrrero fitlaBorHoro. flBJlaercr{ caMocroff-
TeJrbHbrM oprarr4sMoM, KoropoMy rrpracylqrr Bce cnoftctna ]rcl4Boro. ,(na rsr-
rroJrgeHflfl paoubrx Oyuxquft B rIraTolJ'IaBMe rlpocrefturero E(I,IBorlIoro I,IMeror-
cs oco6ue yqacrxu - opraueJrJrbr. Hanpuuep, vMeK)TCff opraHeJIJrbI rrI{Ta-
IIIIS, ABI4}KCHTLfi , BbIACJIEHfifl , AbIXAH}Ifl .
O4nox.ner:orrHble )rcl4Boruble orrenb paauoo6pasnrr.
Arrn66a _'1',*1___i
Xog pa6orur
Crpoenue ux@yaopuu-ry$e;rrrcu
Paccwrorpzte ranQyaopr.rro-Tytpe;rrxy Ha plrcyHxe. flo4uraruI,ITe re qacrr4 KJIer-
rtr4, KOTOpbre BbI y3'IlAJrn.
tzlH$y:opmn

()
i,# Yq
Ha6epure ntrnerxofi Ha[Jrro BoAbr raa npo6rapn]r c znQyaopwsvrra. Hanecl4Te
eti na flpeAMeruoe creKJIo u uaxpofiTe noHpoBHLIM cre]iJloM.
Paccuorpr.{Te Ml4tpo[pefiapar Lr Haplrcyfire 'ro, r{To yBI4AerIa.
Paccuorpure arrti6y
ysHaJrrr.
Crpoenue au66rr
Ha pr{cyHxe. flo4nraurrrre re rracrl{ I(JIeTICI{, KOTOpLIe BbI
Ha6epure urauerxoft r(arrJrro BoAbr raa npo6zpxu c awrti6anara. Hanecl{Te eti xa
rrpeAMerHoe creKJIo u naxpoitTe [oKpoBHbIM cre]cJloM.

PaccutltPllTe MI4RPonPe[aPar lr Hapl4cyfire to,
CrPoeuue aBrJrerrbr aeu6rroft
Paccuotpr{Te crpoeufle sBrJlenrr seriiuoft na pl4cyu]ce'
KJrerKr4, KOTOpbIe BbI ySHaJII4'
rrro yBl4Aeflu.
i
I
I
flo4nrurure re rrac'rl4
Hauecrare eti
Ha6eprre rranetxofi KaTIJIIo BoAbI raa upo6uprr4 c SBTJIeHaNII/I'
Ha rrpeAMeruoe crer(Jlo u narpofiTe fioitpoBr{blM creHJIoM'
PacclroTpr4Te Mlanporrpelapar r4 HaprIcyftte to' rrro yBr4'4erl4'
ffi
s

CAerarite BbrBoAbr o6 oco6exHocrflx crpoeHus oAuorcJrerotrrrbrx rcrrBornbrx.
J!&msp&T&prxAa pA6&T& Ns I
(rpoenue noxpoBHoi n Qoroc{Hre3upyloqefr rxaxefr paffeHrfr
[enu pa6orur: n3yqtArb noKpoBHy[o r SorocrHTe3hpyror{yn rKaHil pacreHNrI.
O6opygoaaHue u Marep[arbr: cBel'oBorl ruurpocKon, nocronHHHe npenaparbr noxpoeHori
r (rorocrHTe3hpylolqeti rxauerZ pacrenrft, npeAMerHbte fi noKpoaxue crexfla, nilner-
Kn, nncrbfl TpaRecKaHLlt/14.
* Xo[ pa6orut
$
&
flo4roroebre Mrarpocror x pa6ore.
flpr rvraaoM yBerrqervrfi Mr4rcpocxona naft4rare
xpounoft TKaHr{ Jrr4cra. Sateu pitccMorp}rre ary
qerrr4r{ MraKpocKoIIa.
Bapucyftre yBr{AeHHoe.
Ha flpeflapaTax I(J'IeTIckI [ro-
TKaHb npu 6oxruroM yBeJrrr-
j

ffi
s Bogsura. e Jlllcr TpaAecxaurlr{rl'
poHbr JIucTa, [oJIOE(rrTe ero Ha
CTEKJIOM.
Paccuotpl,lTellpeflapaTCHaqa!'IanpI,IMaJIoM'afIoToMnpu6o;rruloMyBeJII{-
qeHr{I4 Ml4KpocI(oIIa'
pucyfite Yl
a
\
\
Cpannrar:e yBl'l,qeuHoe c KJIerKaMrr floxposuoil THaHr{
^^-.-,,-, rnpTrerARJIeHIIbIX Ha pI4CyHKax'
oTAeJIIATe KycoaleK
[peAMeTHoe cTeKJro
Kolr(llqbl c uurrurefi cTo-
u naxPoftTe TIoKPoBHrIM
IrtilCTA pasII4qHbIX pac-
renllft, [PeAcraBJIeH
B r
6 a
KaemrcuenukepnuLJlucmapa3Jluqllblxpacmeruuil:a-xJlopopufiLalw;
6 - nntout, o6urrcttoaettt*t{t: a - zepaab hyuucmaa; ? - urcJllcoauu/a 6enaa;
7-rcnemrcuenuVeplvtat;2-,o*o,noo,4ueKnenutuacmbull;3-ycmaull$aflwe"Ilb
llpurvrarroMyBeJII4IIeullytMl4l(pocKonalaigvtTeHafipeflapaTaxICJIeTI(I4soto.
cI4IlTe3I,IpyrcIIIeft '*u",
JII4cTa. PaccwrotpuTe 9Ty THaIIb npra 6olturoM yBeJII,l.
qeHrl4 Mr4r(pocHorla'
yBr{AeHHOe.

Sapzcyfi 're yBrrAeHHoe.
-]
C4eraftr'e BbrBoAbr.
,{eaaa BbltsoAbr, o6patrzte BHfiMaHr4e }ra cBflBb crpoeHr{.fi rroxpoBrrofi z Soro- cr4HTeatrpyrcrqeft rranert c nx eynxr{r{flMrr.
N&TOPAT&PHAfi PA6OT& Hg 9
I
)
Crpoenne (oeAHH[TerIbHofi TKaHH )tc,tBorHbtx
{eno paSorur: vr3yr-rt,rrb crpoeHile coeAilHilTenuHorz TKaHn xmBorHux.
o6opygoeaHue il Marep[anbt: cBeroeorl ruNxpocKon, nocroffHHbre npenaparbr coerqhHyr-
renunorZ rKaHfi xt4BorHbtx.
O6ryue cee|eru,ua tuo fiLeMe paflomac
Coe4uHNteJrblrafl THaHb orreub paanoo6pasHa rro cBoeMy crpoeuraro, uo n ueft
BcerAa Nrrroro Me)fircJlerorrroro BerrlecrBa. OcnoeHrrrvrz Qynxqvrt{v.yr coeAxHlt-
teEnofi TKaHI4 ffBJIflIorcf,I rpo@zvecxar (urarare.nrnaa) fi olopuaa. It coegra-
HI4TeJIbrroft txairz orrrocl4Tcff lcpoBb, .rriavrQa, xpffrrleBaff, rtocrHaff r{ }Kr,rpoBafl
TKAH14.

'ffiffi
ftro4rotoabre Mllrcpocxofl K
P asrrure au)ut coeluruutteauruo[t mldaH'u'
Xo4 pa6oru
pa6ote. ffi
,Iw PaccmotprrTe flpefiapaT coeAr4Hr{TeJIbHOft txanra X(IIBOTHbIX CHalIaJIa IIpII Ma-
JrOM, a IOToM upr4 6o.nuu9M yBeJlvlr.qle1utr MI4KpOCKOUa' O6patI{Te BHI4MaHI{e
Ha $OpUy KJISTOK, BBaI4MOpaCilOJ'IO)fieHIae KJISTOK 14 MS)fiKJISTOIIHOTO BeIIIe-
CTBA.
Sapzcyfite yBIaAeHHoe.
Cpanru're c ApyruMla Br{Aa.MIr coeAllHl{Tearnoft TrtaH}I,
pr4cyHKe.
Br,rnogrr:
lpeAcraBJIeHHbIMI{ Ha
,(e.naa RbItsoAbI, o6patrate BHrlMaHI4e Ha cBtrab crpoexl{ff
HrrreJlbHbrx rxanefi )KI4BorHbIx.
u Qynnqrfi coe4u-

JIEECIPATOPHAfl PANOTA Ng 10
(rpoerue MHueqHbrx rxaxefr r xepenofr TKaHlr )r(l,rBorHbrx
[enu pa6orul: tt3yqtlTb crpoeHile MbrueqHbrx rxaxerl r uepanofi TKaHr xrBorHbrx.
o6opy4oeaHne !t Marepualbr: cBeroaorl rurrpocKon, nocronHHbre npenaparbr MbrueqHbrx
rxaHerZ r HepsHorZ rKaHr xilBorHbtx.
O6tgue caeleruun no rnetwe pa1omu
Mrrrue'rHas rI(aHb ocyqecrBJrfler ABr..IrareJrbHbre [poqeccbr B opragr{BMe
,rtl{BorHblx I4 ileJloBexa. Ona o6pasoaara MbrrrreqnbrMrr BoJroKHaMr,I, B rlr4To-
[JIaBMe Koropbrx l4Melorcff ronqafiurre :xurrpr, cuocoSnsre K cogparrleHr4ro.
PaaJllr'rarcT uIaAKyIo (neucvepvennyro) Mbrrrrequyro TKaHb, [o[epeqHo-rroJro-
carylo cKeJIerHyIo (ucvepvenHylo) u cepAer{Hyro [oreperrno-rroJrocaryro (uc- qeprreuHyrc) urrurerrrbre rxaHr4.
f.na4xaa Mblrrrerluaff Txarrb BxoArrr B cocraB creHon BHyrpeHHLtx opragoB,
a I43 fionepeqHo-[o.nocatoli MblrrrerrHofi rxann cocroflT cxeJrerHbre Mbrrrrrlbl
r{ Mbrrrrqa. cepArla.
Pasruwe au1at x.utruevruo{t nlrcaHu
Hepnnaa rxarb cocrolar vB HepBHbIx KJrerox - nefipoHoB, r.rMero[trrax reJro
rur paSrvqnoft 4nr,rHEI OTpOCTKr,r.
OcnonHrrwr csofictsoNl nefipona flBJrffercfl cnoco6rocrs noe6yxcAarbcfl r{ [po- 80414T6 ero nos6ylr(rqeH[e rro HepBHbrM BoJroKHaM.
Hepanaa mnaHb
Xog pa6orut
flo4rotonbre Mr4xpocmor x pa6ore.
Paccuorpl4Te [pe[apar Mbl[re.*rofi THaHIa cHarraJra npr4 MaJroM, a rroroM rrp]r 6o"rrHuowr yBerfiqeHlarl Mlaxpocrorra. O6parure BHrrMaHr4e na eopuy KJreroK.
o
&

Saprcyfite yBr{AeHHoe, yxa)firaTe rrrrl MbrrrreqHofi txanra.
CparrrutecApyll{MI4BIaAaMI4MbIIIIeIIHofttxauN,[peAcTaBJIeHHbIMI4Hapfi.
cyHrce.
paccwrotpr{Te ripeflapaT HepBnoft txaru4 cHarlaIa IIpu MaJIOM' a floToM [pI4
6o.nrurowr yBeJII4qeHI{I4 MIIKpocKo[a. O6patrte BHI'IMaHIae na Sopvty HneToK'
Sapucyfite YBuAeHHoe.
Btrnogrr:
,[e.naa BbIBoAbI,
ttoit. pr nePnnoft
o6patrate BHIaMaHI{e
traneft Et?lBorgbrx.
Ha cBffab crpoeHr{fl ra @ynnqraft wrrrure'r-

(s&rPX{AH H r
flpanra"rra rexur{Hr4 6esouacHocrr4 rrpu [poBeAeuzrr
na6oparopnrrx pa6or s xa6uHere 6zo;rotvfir.,
Jla6oparopuas pa6ora Ni 1
Pasnoo6paar4e orAeJroB pacre:ruilr . ...... 3
Jla6oparopnafl pa6ora Nb 2
Sxo.norra.recKr{e rpyrrrrbr HaBeMHbrx pactenrafi rro oruorrreHr{ro K BoAe. ......,,,,4
Jla6oparopHan pa6ora Jir 3
VcrpoftcrBo yBer[qr{TeJrbubrx npr6opoe .....0
Jla6oparopuafl pa6ora N! 4
flpraroroureHr{e MfiHporrpenapara Ko]n[rIbr rreruyv ,ryxa ......9
Jla6oparopHas pa6ora Ni 5
Cocras KJreroK pactenrzfi ..... 11
Jla6oparopuas pa6ora N 6
CrpoeHr.re KJrerKr{ Jrucra oJroAerr ......... 18
Jla6oparopHarr pa6ora Nb 7
Crpoerve xczeorHofi lcJrerrr.r. ......L4
Jla6oparopnas pa6ora Ni 8
Crpoenue rroxpoBHofi r Sorocr4uTeorapyroulefi rxanefi pacrenzfi ,....... t7
Jla6oparopuas pa6ora N 9
Ctpoenue coe.qr4Hr4 Tearnoft Tr(,aHr{ Etr{Borubrx .....
Jla6oparopnan pa6ora Nb 10
Crpoenr,re MbrrrrerrHbrx rnairefi z uepnnoft TKaHra )r(rrBorubrx .... ,,,....2l
2
19