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    Teks e uil yam gidroponika dlya vsekh vse o sadovodstve na d

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    rVIApOnOH VI Ka

    An51 scex
    ~ HydroScope )

    Copyright © Mama Editions (2013)

    All rights resetved for all countries
    Bee npasa 3all.ll-1ll.leHbl so scex crpaHax
    ISBN 978-2-84594-089-5

    HydroScope: designed and produced by Tigrane Hadengue
    HydroScope: AH3ai1H L-1 npOL-13BOACTBO - TL-1rpaH AAaHr
    Mama Editions, 7 rue Petion, 75011 Paris (France)

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    13

    BBEAEHlllE
    KpamKuii 3KCKypc e ucmopuio

    CucmeMa nnaaaio1t4eii nnamtjJopMbt/
    zny6oKOBOOHOR K}'nbmypa
    (DWC. Deep Water Cultivation). . . .

    ....... 15

    . ... 62

    fuaponOHUKQ 6yay1t4ei!O .
    . ................. 63
    Ha
    flpeuMy1t4ecmaa: nO&feM}' UMeHHO
    zuaponOHUKO? . ............................... 21
    Peryn111posaH111e noAnVITKVI ....... .
    . .... 22
    3KOHOMVIR BOAbl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
    . . 22
    3 KOHOMVIR n111TaTenbH blX Bell.leCTB .......... 22

    rnABA2
    rMAPOnOHHblE CY&CTPATbl

    6naroAapR yny4WeHHOMY 3AOP0Bbl0 VI
    ycKDpeHHOMY poCTy MeHbWe nOTpe6HOCTb
    8 neCTVll..IVIAaX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 22

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    rep61111..1111Ab1 He HY>KHb1 . .

    061t4ue xapaKmepucmuKu . ....... .

    . 69

    . .... 71

    M111HepanbHaR saTa, CTeKnosara ...

    . ....... 24

    ..... 71

    nasosb1e nopoAbl.

    PacreH111e, Vl3Ha4anbHO sb1palljeHHOe
    r1t1AponOHHblMlll MeTOAaMVI,
    >K1113Hecnoco6Ho . . . .
    . ............... 24

    .... 74

    neM3a ..

    . ..... 74
    . . 74

    nepnlllT ......... .

    Om111ManbHOe 11cnonb30BaH111e
    reHeTlll4eCKoro nOTeH1..1111ana paCTeHlllCi ...... 24
    Ysen1114111sa10TCR pa3Mepb1,
    nOBblWaeTCR Ka4eCTBO ...................... 24

    BepMlllKYfilllT

    .... 76

    rpae111C1 . . . . .

    . 76

    necoK ...................................... 78
    Bcny4eHHb1e rn111HRHb1e OKaTb1w111
    (KepaM31H) ................................. 78

    .Oocryn K KOpHRM ........................... 24
    npolll3BOACTBO OOfibWOro KOfiVl4eCTBa
    6lllOMaCCbl .................................. 25

    OpzaHu'lecKue cy6cmpambt . . . . . . . . . . ..... . 80
    Top¢mHOC1 MOX ........ .

    Bb1pall.l1t1BaH111e Kynbryp e 3KCTpeMafibHblX
    ycnOBVIRX ................................... 25

    80

    KoKocosaR KOCipa . . . . . . . . . .

    Pa1..11110HanbHee 111cnonb3yeTcR
    npocrpaHCTBO . . . . . . . . . ................... 26
    He HY>KHO nepeTaCKVIBaTb 3eMnlO....

    69

    On111nK111. ..

    npo'lue..

    . 26

    . ......... 81
    . ............... 82

    . . . . . . . . . ..

    . .82

    6ecn04BeHHble CMeCVI ...................... 82

    Peryn111posaH111e n111TaH1t1R ................... 27

    BoAa . . . . . . . .

    . ..................... 82

    6b1CTpb1C1 poCT MaT04HOrD paCTeHlllR ........ 27

    OzpaHu
    . ............. 27

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    naccuBHbte cucmeMbl . . . . . . . . .

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    33

    eoaa ........ .

    . .. 34

    89

    . .......... 89

    pH-cjJaKTOp ............................. .

    90

    CucmeMa nepuoou'lecKozo JamonneHUR ..... 36

    Ta6n1111..1a: WKana pH, np111Mepb1 ............. 91

    TexHuKa numamenbHOi!O cnoR
    (NH).. . . ..
    . .......................... 40
    TexHuKa zny6uHHOi!O nomoKa

    >KeCTKOCTb. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    (DH, Deep How Technique) . . . . . .

    LI..len04HOCTb . . . . . . . . . .
    ConeHOCTb. . . . . . . . . .

    . ..... 44

    . ...... 92

    Cl>unbmpa14uR u o'luCmKa .................... 96

    CucmeMbt KanenbHOi!O opoweHUR
    (Drip systems) ................................ 44

    06paTHbiC1 OCMOC (OC)...........

    A3po-zuaponoHuKO. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . .... 47

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    . ...... 48

    neco4Hb1C1 cjJ11111brp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    B03AYWHb1e HaCOCbl . . . . . . . . . . .
    80ARHOC1 HaCOC ........... .

    . .. 93

    . ............. 94

    . .. so

    ........ S2
    BDAOBOpOT (Vortex)
    A3ponoHuKa ................................. 56
    BepmuKanbHoe Bb1pa1t4ueaHue .............. 58

    . 97
    98
    98

    61t10cjJVlllbTp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    100

    Cl>i1111bTp 1113 aKTVIBlllposaHHOro yrnR.......

    100

    KepaMVl4eCKVle cjJ111nbTpb1 ................. 100

    numamenbHbte ee1t4ecmea . ................. 101
    Ta611111L1a: ponb Ka>KAoro 3neMeHra ......... 104

    8

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    179

    109

    TeMnepQmypQ ............................... 110

    KpeMHe3eM ...... ........................... 180

    pH-ljJQKmop ................................. 111

    fyMQmbt...........................
    . ..... 181
    PQcmumenbHbte :JKcmpQKmb1
    (cmuMynRmopbt).. . . . . . . . . . . . ............. 184
    ropMOHbl. . . . . . . . . . ......................... 185
    3KcmpQKmbt soiJopocneu ................... 186

    Ta6m11..ia nornollleHillfl . . . .

    . ............ 112

    3neKmponposoiJHOCmb ..................... 114
    Ta6ni11L1a npOBOAillMOCTlll (MC/cM) .......... 114

    CMeHQ pQcmsopQ ........................... 116
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    fpu6Ku U 6aKmepuu . ........................ 187
    3KcmpQKm sepMUKOMnocmQ. . . . . . . . . . . .. 188
    nepeKUCb soiJopOOQ (H,OJ ................. 190
    Ta6nemKu CO, ...... . . .................... 191
    3H3UMbl . .................................... 192
    MuKOpU3Q .................................. 192

    . .. 118

    123

    noces ...................................... 124
    MQmO'IHoe pQcmeHue . ...................... 126
    l/epeHKU .................................... 127

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    . 130
    1.JsemeHue u nnoiJoHoweHue ................ 131
    YpO)ICQU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................... 132
    BblpQUjusaHue HQ ceMeHQ . .................. 134

    nposoiJuMOCmb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
    YposeHb pH ................................. 201
    4'unbmpQ1.jUR ............................... 202

    fuiJponOHUKQ HQ omKpblmOM B03iJyxe . ...... 134

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    205

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    209

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    135

    noMeUjeHue. . . . . .
    . ..................... 135
    BnQ)ICHOCmb ................................ 139
    BeHmunRl.jUR . ............................... 140

    co, ........................................ 143
    OcseUjeHue ................................. 146
    MeTanno-ranOillAHbJe (MH) ill HaTpi11esb1e
    flaMnbJ BblCOKOrD AasneHillfl (HPS) ......... 149

    limo znQcum 30KOH? ......................... 223
    M1-1Hepanb1 ................................ 223

    CseTOAillOAbl (LED) ........................ 149
    nna3MeHHbl~

    CMec1-1 ML-!Hepanos ill opraHL-!KL-1 ............ 224

    CBeT ........................ 150

    OpraH1-11
    3Qnax ....................................... 152

    3K0-3T"1KeTK"1 .............................. 224

    UHljJopMQl.jUR iJnR nompe6umenR .

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    159
    ..
    .. ..
    . ..

    . ...... 224

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    0 4eM yMafl4i11BaeT 3H1KeTKa?. . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

    HroocmQmo&1HOCmb ........................ 159

    LITO Mbl HaXOAL-!M Ha 3TL-!KeTKax 8
    peaflbHO~ >Kill3H"1? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

    Ta6ni11L1a. noAB"1>KHb1e, nonynollBL-l>KHbJe
    ill HenOABL-l>KHble 3fleMeHTbl ................ 160

    B asyx cnosax . .............................. 227

    Ta6nw.ia HeAOCTaT04Hocre~ ill "136bJTKOB •.. 161

    BpeiJumenu npu pacmeHueso«mse s
    3QKpblmOM noMeUjeHUU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 164

    nPlilnO>KEHlllE 3
    nEPEBOAHA.A TA&nlilUA MEP Iii
    BE COB

    229

    nP111no>KEHlllE 4
    &lil&nlilOf PACl>lil.A

    231

    Ha nosepxHOCTill ........................... 166
    HL-!>Ke nosepxHocrn ........................ 171

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    13

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    14

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    LJ;Hny O,[\HHaKOBOro paJMepa H u;BeTa, l.ff06hI Te MOrJIH npOHTH B MaraJHHe qepeJ
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    HX TIHTaTeJibHOH u;eHHOCThlO HJIH BKyCOBhIMH Kal.J:eCTBaMH. BOJbMHTe JII06HMhIH
    KyCT TIOMH,[\Opa c rp.s!AKH, BhICa,[\HTe ero B rH.r1ponoHHYIO CHCTeMy' Ja,[laHTe Heo6XO,[\HMYIO no.r1nHTKy, H BhI 6y.z:1eTe npH.sITHO y.UHBJieHhI, nonyl.J:HB o6HJihHhIH
    ypo>Kali 6onee BKycHhIX noMHnopoB, npHl.J:eM. paHhIIIe, qeM B rpyHTe. 3a .r1onrHe
    ro.z:1b1 .s1 noH.sJJI, l.J:TO TO >Ke caMoe pacnpoCTpameTrn Ha n106oe .z:1pyroe pacTeHHe.
    L!TO HaJbIBaTh rH,[lpOilOHHKOH, a l.J:TO HeT? [paHb HHOr,[\a paJMhITa. l-lT06hI MeTO,[\
    HaJhIBaJirn rH.r1ponoHHKOH, Heo6xo.UHMhl nBe npe.z:1nOCbIJIKH: IlHTaTeJihHbie
    semeCTBa ,[\OJI>KHhl ,[\OCTaBJI.sJThC.sJ K KOpH.sIM nocpe.[ICTBOM opocHTeJihHOH BO,[\hl,
    a cy6CTpaT. ecJIH TaKOBOH HMeeTrn, ,[\OJI>KeH 6bITh HHepTHhlM H o6ecnel.J:HBaTb
    TOJihKO cpHJHl.J:ecKy10 onopy. CaMoe OOJihIIIee - cy6crpaT MO>KeT o6na.z:1aTh CBOHCTBOM
    OOMeHa Ka THOHOB (KaK HanpHMep. KOKOCOBOe BOJIOKHO). HO HH B KOeM rnyqae He
    .r1on>KeH .r1ocTaBJI.sJTh pacTeHHIO KaKHe-nH6o nHTaTeJihHhre BemeCTBa. ITpe.r1cTaBhTe, l.J:TO paCTeHH.sJ paCTyT B ropIIIKax Ha CTOJie, H Bbl noJIHBaeTe H IlO,[\IlHTbIBaeTe
    Ka>K,[\hIH ropIIIOK HJ OT,[\eJibHOH KaneJihHHLJ;hl. ECJIH ropIIIOK JanoJIHeH HHepTHhlM cy6CTpaTOM, TO 3TO fH,[lponOHHKa. ECJIH B ropIIIKe Ca,[\OBO,[\l.J:eCKa.sJ JeMJI.sJ,
    TO - HeT. BHeceHHe B nol.J:BY nHTaTeJihHhrx BemecTB B opocHTeJihHYIO BOAY qepeJ
    nHTa10mHe MarHcTpanH H HarHeTaTeJIH HaJhrnaeTrn cpepTHrau;HeH

    (ferti9ation),

    a He rH.z:1ponOHHKOH.

    KpamKuu 3KCKypc B ucmopul-0
    0KOJIO 2000 ro.n:a .no H. 3. - nepBoe IlHChMeHHOe ynoMHHaHHe 0 paCTeHHH B
    ropIIIKe. Co6hITHe 3TO npoHJOIIIJIO B ErHnTe. 0Ho He HMeno HHl.J:ero o6mero c
    rH.r1ponOHHKOH, HO MHe no cep.z:1u;y 3Ta ,[\aTa! B HeKOTOpOM CMhICJie, c 3TOro Hal.J:HHaeTrn HCTOpH.si: BnepBhle qeJIOBeK BhIKOilaJI paCTeHHe, noMeCTHJI B ropIIIOK
    c JeMJieH H npttHec AOMOH.
    600 ro.n: .no H. 3. - JHaMeHHThre BHC.sJl.J:He Ca.[lhl CeMHpaMHAhl B BaBHJioHeO; qacro
    roBop.sIT' l.J:TO 3TO nepBoe TIHChMeHHoe ynoMHHaHHe rH,[lponOHHKH.

    K CO>KaJieHHIO,

    ,[\OCTOCJiaBHhie HaCa>K,[leHH.sJ .z:1peBHOCTH He IlO,[\Ila,[\aIOT TIO,[\ onpe.r1eneHHe rH.r1poIlOHHKH: XOT.sJ paCTeHH.sJ H poCJIH B >KeJio6ax' B KOTOpbIX noCTO.sJHHhIH IlOTOK BO,[\hl
    OMbIBaJI HX KOpHH, caMH >Keno6a-To 6blJIH HanoJIHeHhl JeMJieH. TaK nonyl.J:HJIOCh,
    l.J:TO >Keno6a He coBceM y>K «BHcenw•. ,[{eno B HenpaBHJihHOM nepeBo.r1e rpeqecKoro
    CJIOBa, KOTOpoe OJHal.J:aJIO «HaBHCaHHe». KaK 6bl TO HH 6blJIO, 3TO caMoe .r1peBHee
    IlHChMeHHOe ynoMHHaHHe 0 npHMeHeHHH 6oJiblllOH opocHTeJihHOH CHCTeMhl,
    BCTpoeHHOH B J,[\aHHe.
    1100 ro.n: - HH,[lettcKHe nneMeHa lO>KHOH AMepHKH H MeKCHKH (au;TeKH H .z:1pyrHe)
    npHMeH.sJJIH nnoThr, HaJhrnaeMhre «l.J:HHaMna», ,[\Jl.sJ yBeJIHl.J:eHH.sJ nnoma.z:1e:H naXOTHOH JeMJIH. OHH HCilOJihJOBaJIH nepenneTeHHhie cre6nH 1<.aMhrIIIa, TPOCTHHKa
    H KYKYPY3hI ,[\Jl.sJ noCTpOHKH nnaByl.J:HX «oCTpOBKOB» Ha 03epax. Ha TaKoii KapKac
    OHH HaKJia.[lhIBaJIH 6oraTy10 nHTaTeJihHhIMH BemeCTBaMH rp.sI3h HJ BYJIKaHHl.J:eCKo:H 3eMJIH. 3TH nnaByl.J:He OCTpOBa JaTeM HCilOJlhJOBaJIHCh ,[\Jl.sJ BblpamHBaHH.sJ
    ceJihCKoxoJ.siilcTBeHHhIX KyJihTYP. PacreHH.sJ nonyqarrH nHTaHHe KaK HJ HJIHCTOH
    rp.s!3l1, TaK H H3 KOpHeii, npopOCIIIHX B BO.z:IY. 3TH 03epa 6bIJIH Ol.J:eHh 6oraThl pacTBOpeHHhIMH COJI.sJMH' BO,[\a 6brna npoxna,aHa H xopOIIIO HaChII.IJ,eHa KHCJIOPO.z:IOM.

    15

    8

    0

    IVl,lJ,POnOHVIKA ,LJ,flll BCEX

    3TOT MeTOn HCTIOJib30BaJICH H B npyrHx yroJIKax MHpa. B

    1275 rony

    MapKO Tiono

    BCTpeTHJI TIJiaByqHe Ca)J;bl B KHTae, H OHH, B03MO>KHO, TO>Ke 6bIJIH H306peTeHhl B
    npyrHx qacn1x rneTa. HHKTO He 3HaeT, rne H Korna nnaByqHe ca,n;hl 6bIJIH npw
    MeHeHhl BnepBbie, HO oqeBHnHo, llTO 3TO neiicTBHTeJibHO nepBaSJ rHnponoHHaSJ
    TeXHOJIOrHSJ, npHMeHeHHaSJ qeJIOBeKOM.

    1699 rotJ,-,/J,)KOH By.n;Bapn, HaTypaJIHCT, HCTOpHK, HHTepeCOBaBIIIHHCSJ 6oTaHHKOH,
    a TaIOKe qJieH KoponeBcKoro 06111;ecTBa AHrnHH, npoBeJI rrepBbIH 3KcnepHMeHT,
    noKa3bIBaI0111;HH, qTo pacTeHHSJ nonyqaIOT TIHTaHHe H3 noqBbl H nocpenCTBOM
    BOnhI. HaM HeH3BecTHO, qTO 3HaJIH 06 3TOM npenMeTe OCTaJibHble JIIOnH Ha 3eMJie,
    HO no 1699 rona 3aTia,IJ;HblH qeJioBeK TIOHSJTHSJ He HMeJI' KaK H noqeMy pacTyT pacTeHHSJ. B nepBOM 3KcnepHMeHTe no rH,n;ponoHHKe BynBapn nponeMoHcrpttpoBan,
    qTo paCTeHHSJ nyqIIIe paCTyT B peqHoH Bone' qeM B qHCTOH' ):J,HCTHJIJIHpoBaHHOH
    Bone: TO eCTb, pacTeHHSJ, noJI>KHO 6b1Tb, H3BJieKaIOT H3 BOnhI HeqTO TaKoe, qTo
    cnoco6crnyeT Hx poCTy. OH BhrpamHBaJI pacTeHHSJ B Bone, B Kornpy10 no6aBJISJJI
    pa3JIHqHoe KOJIHqecTBO noqBhl. OH nponeMoHcTpHpOBaJI, qTo qeM 6oJihIIIe B
    Heii noqBhI, TeM nyqIIIe pocT, rnenoBaTeJihHO, pacTeHHSJ nonyqa10T H3 noqBhI
    HeqTo none3HOe.
    Dorne 3Toro 3HaHHSJ o cpH3HOnorHH pacTeHHii pa3BHBaJIHCh MenneHHo. TioHano6Hnocb eme CTO JieT' qrn6bl npyroii 6pHTaHCKHH yqeHhIH ,[(>K03ecp TipHCTJIH
    nponeMOHCTpHpOBaJI, qTo paCTeHHSJ MeHSJIOT COCTaB B03nyxa BOI KHCJIOpon H noKa3aJI' qTo pacreHHSI nornomaIOT nByOKHCb
    yrnepona H Bb!neJISJIOT KHCJIOpOA. B

    1779

    rotJ,y 51H l1HreHxay3 OTKpblJI, qrn ,!J,JISJ

    cpoTOCHHTe3a Heo6xonHM CBeT. HTaK, TOJibKO Ha 3ape

    XIX

    BeKa HaM CTaJIH H3-

    BeCTHbl OCHOBHhie MexaHH3Mbl pocTa pacTeHHH, HO Mbl He 3HaJIH, KaKHe HMeHHO
    3JieMeHThI Heo6xonHMhI ,n;JISJ noro pocTa.

    1860 rO):J, - HeMel{KHH yqeHhIH IOJIHyc cpoH 3aKC ony6JIHKOBaJI cpopMyny TIHTaTeJihHOro paCTBOpa, KOTOpbIH MO>KeT 6b1Tb paCTBopeH B Bone H HCTIOJib30BaH ,IJ;JISJ
    BblpamHBaHHSJ paCTeHHH. BMecTe c arpoxHMHKOM KHOTIOM OH 3aJIO>KHJI OCH OB bl
    rHnponOHHKH. MHe He ynaJIOCb HaHTH TOqHyIO cpopMyny 3aKCa, HO yqHTbIBaSJ
    orpaHHqeHHOe KOJIHqeCTBO opraHHqecKHX coneii' KOTOphle HMeJIHCb B HX pacnopSI>KeHHH, cpopMyna nom1 OHM MOrJIH CJIHIIIKOM ,!J,OJiro BblpamHBaTh paCTeHHSJ no 3TOH cpopMyne. OnHa1<0 c
    3THx caMhIX nop, 6naro,n,apSI rH,n;ponoHHKe, MeTonoM npo6 H OIIIHOOK, ,!J,06aBJISJSJ H
    nonaBJISJSI 3JieMeHTbl B TIHTaTeJihHOM pacroope' yt-IeHhle CMOrJIH BbISJCHHTb, KaKHe
    3JieMeHTbl }l{H3HeHHO Ba)J(Hbl nJISJ pocTa pacTeHHH' a KaKHe HeT.

    1920-1930 rO,!J,bl - OCHOBaTeJieM COBpeMeHHOH rttnponoHHKH, oco6eHHO B aHrnocaKCOHCKOM MHpe, C'-IHTaeTrn AOI. repHK. Bero norny>KHOM cnHcKe
    nBe Ba)l{Hhie 3arnyrH. OH nepBbIM BhIBeJI BOnHyIO KyllbTypy H3 na6oparnpHH H
    noCTaBHJI Ha npoMhIIIIJieHHYIO ocHoBy. OH TaIOKe BBeJI TepMHH «rHnponoHw
    Ka». Ero pa6oTa npHBJieKJia MHOro BHHMaHHSI. B Te 6ypHhle BpeMeHa o6meCTBO
    nepe>KHBaJio H3MeHeHHSJ, 6naronapSI MHO>KeCTBY HayqHblX OTKpbITHH. HeKoTOpbre aBTOphl 3axo,!J,HJIH na:>Ke TaK naneKo, qTo o6DSJBJISJJIH naxoTHYIO 3eMJIIO
    nepe>KHTKOM npoIIIJIOro! TaKOe npe>K,lJ,eBpeMeHHOe BHHMaHHe He npHBeJio HH K
    qeMy xopoIIIeMy. TexHOJIOrHSJ ,!J,enana CBOH nepBbie ,lJ,eTCKHe IIIarH, H Hy>KeH 6hIJI
    yqeHhIH MaCIIITa6a fepHIKaH. 3TO TIOBJieKJIO
    3a co6oii MHO>I npe,!1,npHSITHSJ, KOTOpbre o6MaHyJIH HX O>KHnaHHSJ!

    17

    c ,!1,pyroii CTOpOHbI, TIOJib3a OT

    Yl!lflb51M TEKCbE

    o6ru;ecnieHHOro BHHMaHH.SJ 3aJ 11 qacrHbIX na6oparnp11ii:. KHHra rep11Ka «TioJIHbIH cnpaBoqHHK no 6ecnoqBeHHoMy Ca)J;OBO,ll;CTBY" no-npe>KHeMy )J;OCTynHa H noCJie,a;HHH pa3 nepeH3,ll;aBaJiaCb
    B2008 ro,ll;y.
    B Te >Ke rO,ll;bl, KOr,ll;a repHK COBeprneHCTBOBaJI «annapaTHble cpe,a;CTBa» CHCTeMbl, ,D.eHHc

    P.

    XornaHA pa6oTaJI Ha~ «nporpaMMHbIM o6ecneqeHHeM», TO ecTb

    nHTaTeJibHbIMH Beru;ecTBaMH. B

    1933 ro)J;y OH o6HapO,ll;OBaJI ¢opMyny CBOero pac-

    TBOpa, H3BeCTHOro KaK «pacrBop XorJiaH)J;a». 3Ta ¢opMyJia MaJIO H3MeHHJiaCb B
    nocJie)J;yIOru;He rO,ll;bl (B OCHOBHOM, 6naro,ll;ap.SI BHe,ll;peHHIO xeJiaTa >KeJie3a), HO
    ee OCHOBa OCTaJiaCb HeH3MeHHOH. ct>opMyJia no-npe>KHeMy OCTaeTC.SJ 3TaJIOHHOH
    )];JI.SJ MHOrHx HCCJie)J;OBaTeJibCKHX na6opaTOpHH no pacreHHeBO,ll;CTBy, KOTOpble
    nepHO,ll;HqecKH npHMeH.SJIOT ee B CBOHX 3KCnepHMeHTax. OTKpOBeHHO roBop.SI,
    HHor,ll;a .SJ yAHBJI.SJIOCb, 3aqeM 11cnoJib3YIOT TaKyIO ycrapeBrny10 cpopMyny. 0Ha
    BCe eru;e npHMeH.SJeTC.SJ npOMbllIIJieHHblMH nnaHTau;H.SJMH, KOTOpbIM He xoqeTC.SJ
    TpaTHTb ,ll;eHbrH Ha ynyqrneHHy10 ¢opMyny. Bo3MO>KHO, 11 BaM AOBOAHJIOCb noKynaTb paCTBOp XornaH)J;a. He)J;aBHO JIIO)J;H, yBepeHHble B TOM, qrn MO)l{HO pa36oraTeTb, npo,ll;aBa51 nHTaTeJibHble Beru;ecTBa, yqpe,zrHJIH MHO>KeCTBO KOMnaHHH.
    0HH 06b1qHo HCnOJib3YIOT cpopMyny XornaH,ll;a, IIOTOMy qrn ee JierKO HaHTH (,ll;oCTaTOqHo 3arJI.SJHYTb B HHTepHeT) H ,ll;elileBO npOH3BO)J;HTb.

    1940-1944 rO,ll,bI - nepBoe KpynHoMacrnTa6Hoe np11MeHeH11e rH,ll;ponoHHKH. K
    CO>KaJieHHIO, )J;JI.SJ 3Toro noTpe6oBaJIOCb, qTo6bl HaqaJiaCb BOHHa. Ha OCTpOBaX
    B THXOM OKeaHe apMH.SJ ClllA CTOJIKHyJiaCb c npo6JieMOH nHTaHH.SJ MHO>KecTBa
    COJI)J;aT. CHa6>KeHHe npO,ll;OBOJibCTBHeM, oco6eHHO CBe>KHM, 6blJIO conp.SI>KeHO c
    onacHOCT.SJMH npH TpaHcnopTHpoBKe 11 c TPYAHOCT.SJMH npH Bb1paru;11BaHHH Ha
    cKaJIHCTbIX ocrposax, r,ll;e noqBa 3aqacry10 Hacblru;eHa coJibIO, a BOAbI Mano. Tor,a;a
    np116ern11 K rH,ll;pOnOHHKe. BH,ll;HMO, HM 3TO noHpaBHJIOCb, TaK KaK rH,ll;pOnOHHKY
    npO,ll;OJI>KaJIH npaKTHKOBaTb H noCJie BOHHbl, BnJIOTb )J;O n.SJTH,ll;eC.SJTblX rO,ll;OB. OHH
    HCnOJib30BalIH no,a;yrnKY 113 rpaBH.SJ - CHCTeMy, H3o6peTeHHyIO Po6epTOM H AJIHCOH
    YHTpoy B yHHBepcHTeTe Tiap,a;bIO, TaK Ha3bIBaeMy10 «cHcTeMy HyTpHKYJibTYPbI".
    3Ta CHCTeMa Jie>KHT B OCHOBe Toro, qTo cei\:qac Ha3bIBaIOT CHCTeMOH nep110,a;11qecKoro 3aTonneHH.SJ HJIH npHJIHBHo-oTJIHBHOH CHCTeMOH. H, KOHeqHo, OHa
    He HMeeT H11qero o6ru;ero c coBpeMeHHbIM 6peHAOM «Nutriculture». 0Ha npeAcraBJI.SJJia co6oii: KpynHOMaCrnTa6HyIO CHCTeMy KIOBeT, 3anoJIHeHHbIX rpaBHeM H
    3aTonJI.SJeMbIX nHTaTeJibHblM pacTBOpOM HeCKOJibKO pa3 B ,ll;eHb, nocne qero OHH
    Me,ll;JleHHO npOCbIXaIOT.

    0

    Tiorne ::irnro HeKoTopoe BpeM.SJ HHqero oco6eHHoro He npo11cxo,a;11no. 3,a;ecb Cb1rpana
    pOJib ce6ecTOHMOCTb yqpe>I<)J;eHH.SJ TaKoro npe,ll;npH.SITH.SJ, HO eru;e H TeXHOJIOrH.SJ,
    KOTOpa.SI Hy>I<)J;aJiaCb B COBeprneHCTBOBaHHH. 0,a;HHM 113 npen.SJTCTBHH 6bIJIO TO,
    qrn rpaBHH HJIH necoK - caMbie JII06HMbie cy6cTpaTbl TOro BpeMeHH - CJIHlIIKOM
    T.SJ>KeJibl HJIH KOMnaKTHbl )J;JI.SJ 3THX u;eneii:. Tio-npe>KHeMy BCe eru;e He 6bIJI Haii,a;eH
    ,a;eii:crneHHbIH cnoco6 y,a;ep>KHBaHH.SJ >Kene3a B pacrBope. B 3TH ro,ll;bI 6bIJIO Haqarn
    MHO>KeCTBO npoeKTOB B nycTblHHblX paiioHax MHpa. EOJiblIIHHCTBO, ecJIH He Bee,
    OKOHqHJIHCb npoBaJIOM, npe,ll;onpe,a;eJIHB yna~OK 3TOH TeXHOJIOrHH Ha HeCKOJlbKO
    ,ll;eC.SJTHJieTHH.

    1960-1970 rO,ll,bl - npoH30lIIJIH Ba>KHbie co6bITH.SJ, B03BpaTHBlIIHe K>KH3HH rH,ll;ponoHHKy: MHHepanbHa.SJ BaTa, paHee npHMeH.SJBlila.SJC.SJ B KaqecTBe CTpOHTeJibHOH
    H30JI.Sll..\HH, CTaJia HCnOJib30BaTbC.SJ c He60JiblllHMH H3MeHeHH51MH KaK cy6crpaT

    18

    Yl!lflb51M TEKCbE

    ,ll/HI Bhlparu;1·rnamur pacTeHHH. I1pOH3BOA.sITCSI HCKyccTBeHHhie xeJiaThl, qTQ ,z:i:aeT
    B03MO>KHOCTh 3¢¢eKTHBHee y,z:i:ep>KHBaTb MHKpOTIHTaTeJihHhie Beru;ecTBa B pacrnope. Ha pbIHKe TIO.sIBHJIHCh CJIO>KHhie COJIH. Hanp11Mep. MOHOaMMOHHH-¢oc¢aT (B
    3apy6e>KHOH JIHTepaType - MAP), qTo BHerno pa3Hoo6pa311e B 11crnqH11K11 pacrnop11Moro ¢oc¢opa. 0,z:i:HoBpeMeHHO, nepe>IKeCTBO
    HOBhIX TOBapoB. TenJIHU:hI nocTeneHHO nepexo,z:i:.srT co CTer no1Keno6a, TIJiaCTMaCCOBbie JIOTKH, TIJiaCTMaCCOBhie TIJieHKH. MbI BcrynaeM
    B ,l]HBHhIH HOBhIH MHp!

    1970 rO,ll. -

    AOKTOp AJIJieH Kynep pa3pa6oTaJI TeXHHKY TIHTaTeJihHOro CJIO.sI (NIT).

    B 1979 ro,z:i:y OH ony6n111<0BaJI «A36y1KHIW, 1 KaK rrpOMhIIUJieHHhIH MeTO,I] Bhrparu;HBaHH.sI pacTeHHH c KOpOTI HarrpHMep, CaJiaTOB.

    1970-1990 rO,ll.bl -

    3a 3TH rD,l]hI B pa3HhIX yron1
    pa3JIJ1qHhie fHJJ:pOIIOHHhie TeXHOJIOfHH. 3THM crroco6oM Bhrparu;HBaeTC.sI BCe
    60Jihlllee KOJIHqecTBO rrpo,z:i:yr Ho OAHOBpeMeHHO B03HHKaeT HOBOe Be.sIHHe - Bhrparu;HBaHHe pacTeHHH B ,z:i:oMalllHHX ycJIOBH.sIX.
    B 1978 ro,l]y noypeHC Epy1KeHepan fHJJ:pOIIOHHKC». OH MOJlepHH3HpOBaJI 11 ycoBepllleHCTBOBaJI KpyrrHOMaCillTa6Hhle r11,z:i:porrOHHhie CHCTeMhI,
    ype3aB HX AO ra6apHTOB ropoACKOH opaH>Kepe11. OH CHa6,l]HJI CHCTeMy nyqlllHM
    AJI.sI rnoero BpeMeHH IIHTaTeJihHhIM Beru;ecTBOM. COCTaBJieHHhlM AOKTopoM K3JIOM
    repMaHOM 113 HayqHoro l]eHTpa HMeHH 3HMCa B HACA. 3Ta TeXHOJIOfH.sI 6bma
    BrrepBhie npe,z:i:no>KeHa MeJIKHM ropo,z:i:cKHM opaH>Kepeiiru;m1
    H

    6yM Haqanrn TOJihKO

    B 1980-x rD,l]aX, KOr,l]a }leCSITKH JIIOAeH IIOCB.sITHJIH ce6.sr 3TOMy 3aH.sITHIO.

    B 1986 ro,z:i:y ,l]OKTOp X11nnenh Co¢¢ep, pa6oTa.sr B yH11Bepc11TeTe Kan11¢opHIIII B
    ):(3BHCe, pa3pa60TaJI BO,l]OBopoT-BepTylllKY - Ha cero,l]H.sIIllHHH ,z:i:eHh caMyIO 3¢¢eKTHBHYIO rHJJ:pOilOHHYIO CHCTeMy. Ero HCCJie,ll;OBaHH.sI BIIepBhie yCTaHOBHJIII
    rrp.si:My10 Koppen.sru;IIIO Me>r<;:J;y ypoBHeM pacrsopeHHOro KIICJiopo,lla B IIHTaTeJihHOM
    pacrnope 11 pocrnM pacreHII.sr. KoppeKTHpOBKOH ypoBH.sr pacrsopeHHoro 1 OH CMOr H3MeHHTh CKOpOCTh pocTa

    ficus benjamina.

    Tar< 6bIJIH 3aJIO>KeHhl OCHOBhI

    a3po-rH,llpOIIOHHKH - Ba>KHOH 0Tparn11 COBpeMeHHOH fH,llpOIIOHHKH.
    I1p116n11311TeJihHO B 3TO >Ke BpeM.sr B ClllA 11 KaHa,l]e no.srBHJIOCh MHO)l(eCTBO ¢11pM,
    ,l]O c11x rrop rrp11cyTcrny10IUHX Ha pbIHKe. Ta1<11M o6pa3oM, c cepe,llHHhr 1980x rop:OB B r11,z:i:porrOHHKe HaMeTHJIHCh ABa npoTHBOIIOJIO>KHhIX HarrpaBJieHH.sr:
    KpyrrHOMaCillTa6Hoe rrpOMhllllJieHHOe 11 AOMalllHee. MHor11e CTaJIH JII06HTeJI.sIMII
    Tporr11qeo<11x, Jie1 TeM BpeMeHeM B EBporre He rrpoHCXOAIIJIO HHqero oco6eHHOro, 3a HCKJIIOqeHHeM ronnaH,l]HH. Bhrparu;11Ba.sr MHO>KeCTBO pa3HhIX KYJihTyp, rnaBHhIM o6pa3oM
    l]BeTOB, B orpoMHhlX TeilJIJ1qHhIX X03.sIHCTBax, roJIJiaH,l]l]hl npaKTHKOBaJIH CBOH
    co6CTBeHHhIH BapHaHT Bbiparu;HBaHH.sI pacTeHHH B 3aKpbIThlX IIOMeIUeHH.sIX.
    I1oMHMO rrpoqero HM B 3arnyry MO>KHO IIOCTaBHTh pa3pa6on
    20

    I V1,0POnOHV1KA ,[\Jlll BCEX

    3eJieHI:P> - Bhlparn;:m~aHHe MHO>KeCTBa MeJIKHX pacTeHHH BMeCTO MeHhIIIero 1<01u:qecTBa KPYITHhIX.

    1995 rOJJ. -

    H n:o ceron;HSIIIIHero .UHSI - Ha ¢poHTe ITpOMhIIIIJieHHOH ru:.upoITOHHKH

    :na OTpaCJih paCTeT BeChMa 6blCTpbIMH TeMITaMH, HO TaIOKe H3MeHSreTC.SI, ITpHCITOca6JIHBa.SICh K HOBhlM apeMeHaM. Eonee CJIO>KHhie, ru;a.u.srmu:e OKpy>Ka10ru;y10
    cpe,D,y CHCTeMhl craJIH ITpH6hIJihHhlMH' oco6eHHO B CJiyqae paCTeHHH c KOpOTKHM
    BereTal..\HOHHhIM ITepHO):\OM' HaITpHMep' caJiaT-JiaTyK H JieKapcrneHHbie pacreHH.SI.

    B c¢epe KOMHaTHOro paCTeHHeBO):\CTBa B 1995 ro):ly ¢HpMa «,[(>KeHepan rH.ApOIToHHKC» OTKpbllia ¢HJIHaJI B EapoITe. I1pH6JIH3HTellbHO B TO >Ke BpeMH ITpHCTyITHJia K
    eapoITeHCKOH ):\1iCTpH6yl..\HH 1i 6pHTaHCKa.SI cjmpMa «HyrpttKaJiqep». BcKope K HHM
    opHCOe):\HHHJIHCb MHOrHe KOMITaHHH B EapoITe HJIH 3KCITOpTHpy10rn;He MaTepu:a-lhl H3 CeaepHo:H AMepHKH. TexHonoru:.sr Me):lneHHO OTBOeBhrnana ITpocTpaHCTBO,
    CTpaHy 3a CTpaHOH, ITO Mepe OTKpblTH.SI Mara3HHOB paCTeHHeBO):\CTBa. CHaqana
    B ceaepHbIX CTpaHax. IIOTOM BO ct>pam~HH, 11cITaHHH, 11TaJIHH, ITopTyraJIHH, a
    TeITepb y>Ke B BOCTO'iHbIX CTpaHaX CTaJia pa3BHBaTbC.SI OTpaCJib pacTeHHeBO):\CTBa
    a 3aKpbIThrx IToMern;eHH.srx. B ocHOBHOM, c TOH >Ke l..\ellhIO - pa):IH y.AOBOJibCTBH.SI H
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    21

    Ylilnb51M TEKCbE

    Pery11111poeaH111e n0An1t1TK111
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    B TII06oii: MOMeHT BpeMeHH Bbl MO>KeTe KOHTpOTIHpoBaTb KaqeeTBO l1 KOTIH'ieCTBO
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    oco6eHHO B 06nacr11 n11TaH11S1 pacreH11ii:. Cerop;HSI r11.a;ponoH11Ka np11MeHS1eTrn
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    pocr, HMeIOII.\HH Mecro B r11.a;ponoH11Ke, no.a;pa3yMeBaeT noTpe6neH11e 6oTibIIIoro
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    cpaBHeH1110 e pacreHHSIMH, pacryll\HMH B noqBe, BeebMa BHYIIIHTeTibHaSI. Hep;aBHHe yeoBepIIIeHCTBOBaHHSI B opoIIIeHHH - nepexo.a; OT noTIHBa BCero nOTISI K
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    Bpep;HTerrer;r. Ha eaMOM p;erre, HX p;eHCTBHe He SIBTISieTrn l13611paTeTibHbIM, l1
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    3TO He 3Ha'il1T' 'iTO BaM y)[(e HHKOrp;a He noHa,n;06HTCSI 6opOTbCSI e Bpep;11TeTISIMH,
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    22

    YVlflb5lM TEKCbE

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    3TO O'ieBl1,ll;HO.

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    24

    [POnOHV1KA ,Qfl51 BCEX

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    y

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    .B

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    n pe>r<,L(e "l.eM Ha"l.HeTrn caMa KY JI&THBau11si. 0,n;HaKo B .z:i;aHHOM rnyqae .z:i;eno o6crolf T He TaK ocrpo, KaK c ¢PYKTaMH H OBOID;aMH, nocKOJibKY cyx11e KOpHH MO>KHO

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    25

    YV1nb51M TEKCbE

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    26

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    28

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    ro,n;b1 l1CIIOJib3YIOTC.sI B rr11ToMHl1Kax l1Jil1 u;BeroqHbIX Mara311Hax. Ha H11x 3aqacry10 KYJibTl1B11py10rrn ,n;oMalllHl1e pacreH11.S1., rnaBHbIM o6pa3oM noroMy. qro 3Tl1
    Cl1CTeMbl Moryr Ka1<0e-ro BpeM.sI rro,n;,n;ep>Kl1BaTb }Kl13Hb TOJibKO Jil1CTBeHHblX 3eneHblX ,n;e1<0par11BHbIX pacreH11ii:, Koropb1e pacryr oqeHb Me,n;neHHO, ecn11 Boo6ru;e
    pacryr. Kor,n;a TaKl1e c11creMbI rrp11MeH.s110rrn c ropllleqHoii: rroqBoii:, TO Bnary B
    Hell rro,n;,n;ep>Kl1BaeT cpl1Tl1Jlb l1Jll1 KaIIl1JIJI.sipHbIM MaT. B 3TOM rnyqae 3TO 3aMeqaTeJibHbJe c11creMbI, rroroMy t.ITO 0H11o6ecneq11Ba10T3<1> opollleH11e np11,n;ocraroqHo6oJiblllOM 3arrace BO,ll;bI, KOToporo XBaT11T Ha ,n;Be-rp11
    He,n;eJil1. COBCeM ,n;pyroe ,n;eJIO, KOr,n;a cpl1Tl1Jlb rrp11MeH.silOT c l1HepTHbIM cy6crpaTOM: M.sI a.n;eKBaTHoro yBna>KHeH11.si Bcero KopHeBoro BOMJIOI
    Cl1JI He,n;ocraroqHo. I10Ml1MO 3TOro ,ll;JI.sl IIO,ll;IIl1TKl1 pacTeHl1M B Bo,n;y np11xo,n;11Trn
    BHOCl1Tb Ml1HepanbHbie COJil1. 3Tl1 COJil1 6b1crpo OCa)J<)laIOTOI Ha cp11Tl1Jie l1Jil1 MaTe
    l1 BbICb1xa10r, 6norrnpy.si cp11r11JibHb1!1 3cpcpeKT. TIpaKr11qec1rn rrpeKpamaerrn l1 6e3
    Toro cna6a.si u;11pKyJI.siu;11.si BO,ll;bl. He IIbITaI1TeCb np11MeH.sITb TaKyIO Cl1CTeMy ,ll;Jl.sI
    Bb1paru;11BaH11.si HeHaCbITHbIX 6b1crpo pacrym11x pacreH11ii:! 3ra c11creMa cKopee
    113 06nacr11 x11rpoyMHbIX rrp11cnoco6neH11I1, qeM Mero,n;oB KYJibTl1Bau;1111. Bor KaK
    oHa (He) cpa6aTbrnaer, Kor,n;a rrp11MeH.sieTrn B rl1,ll;porroH11Ke: pacreH11e noMeru;eHo
    B ropllloK c l1HepTHbIM cy6crparoM. Ha ypoBHe np116n11311reJibHO ,n;Byx rpereii:
    rnoeI1 BbICOTbI ropllloK l1Meer rreperopo.n;Ky. HmKe neperopo,n;K11 Haxo,n;11rrn 3arrac BO,ll;bl. l1Tl1Jib, cocro.sim11I1113 XJIOIIl
    orrpe,n;eneH1110, cB11caer 113 orBepcr11.si B rreperopo,n;Ke. 3a CtieT Karr11nn.sipHb1x
    c11JI cpl1Tl1Jib cHafoKaer 1<0pH11 Bo,n;oI1. B 6onee 3cpcpeKTl1BHOM Bap11aHTe B,ll;OJib
    Bcel1 rreperopo,n;1rn c,n;enaHa rrpope3b. 113 rrpope311 B HmKHl1M pe3epByap c Bo,n;oI1
    rn11caeT KaIIl1JIJI.sipHbIM MaT. 0
    Cyru;ecrByer l1 ,n;pyra.si., ,n;ocrofma.si. ynoM11HaH11.si «nacc11BHa5I» c11creMa. B npor11BorroJio}l{HOCTb npe,n;b1,n;ymeI1, 3Ta c11creMa Bb1pam11BaeT oqeHb ,n;o6poTHbie pacreH115l,
    HO 3a cqer pacroq11TeJibHOro l1CIIOJib30BaHl1.sI BO,ll;bl l1 IIl1TaTeJibHblX Beru;ecrB. )J,ocraroqHo HaIIOJIHl1Tb o6bJqHble roplllKI1 l1HepTHblM cy6crpaTOM, IIOMeCTl1Tb l1X
    Ha pacca,n;HbIM CTOJI c ,n;peHa}l{HblM OTBepcr11eM l1Jll1 B JII06oe Mecro, r,n;e MO}l{HO
    ,n;peH11poBaTb l136hITOK BO,ll;bl. Opolllaii:re pacreH11.si rr11rareJibHbIM pacTBopoM.
    Mex<,n;y ceaHcaM11 opollleH11.si ,n;a11re cy6crpary rroqr11 rrpocoxHyTb. Ka>KeTrn. qro
    Bee npocro l1 ,n;ellleBo B l1CIIOJIHeH1111, a pacreH11.si nonyqa10rrn 6oJibllll1e. 3arno3,n;Ka
    B TOM, qro Me>I<.UY Ka>I<)lbIM opo1lleH11eM roplllKl1 rrpl1XO,ll;l1TC.sI rrporroJiaCKl1BaTb
    60Jibllll1M KOJI11qecTBOM BO,ll;bl. t.ITO rrpl1BO,ll;l1T K oqeHb He3KOHOMHOMY pacxo,n;y
    BO,ll;bl. Tio HOpMe roplllOK rpe6yerrn rrporroJiaCKl1BaTb o6neMOM BO,ll;bl. Ml1Hl1MYM
    B,n;Boe rrpeBbIIlla10ru;11M B n11rpax o6neM roplllI cy6crpary HY>KHO ,n;aTb rrpocoxHyTb, qro6b1 B Hero npoHl1K KI1CJiopo.n;! 3To TaJ()Ke
    pacroq11reJibHOe l1CIIOJib30BaHl1e IIl1TaTeJibHblX BemecTB - Bbl He TOJibKO Tep.siere
    COJil1. KOTOpble Bbl BblMbJBaere, HO H rrp11 IIO,ll;IIl1TKe pacreHl1M Bbl II03BOJI.sieTe
    opoc11reJibHOM oo,n;e BbIJil1BaTbrn, qro6br HaBepH.siKa cMoq11Tb Beeb l
    34

    Yl!lnb51M TEKCbl

    3TOT MeTO}l HaXO}ll-fTCR r}le-To Ha rpaHM fI1}lpOIIOHI1KI1 I1 He-rM}lpOIIOHI1KI1. HaITOJIHI1Te O}ll1H ropIIIOK MHepTHhIM cy6CTpaTOM, a Apyrofi - 3eMrrefi. ECJII1 I1X ccpoTorpacpHpoBaTh 601< 0 601<, TO OHM 6y}lyT BhirJI5!}leTh BITOJIHe O}lI1HaKOBO, HO O}ll1H
    I13 HI1X rrpI1Ha}lJle}KI1T fI1}lpDIIOHI1Ke. a Apyrofi - HeT. I10MI1MO TOro. qTo }laHHhIH
    MeTO}l He6rrarorrpMRTeH 31 HeJih35! aBTOMaTI13I1pOBaTh. BaIIIe rrpHcyTCTBMe o65!3aTeJibHO ITO MeHbllleH Mepe
    qepe3 }leHh }lJIR o6crry}KI1BaHI15!. l1 3aqacryro BaM rrpMXO}lMTrn TacKa Th Be}lpaMM
    BO}ly. qTo Bcer}la rrpo6rreMaTI1qHo B 3aMKHYTOM rrpocrpaHCTBe. TeM He MeHee,
    MOH APY3hR, HaM6orree CKJIOHHhre K Ma30XI13My, norrh3YIOTrn 3TOH cMcTeMofi I1
    MOJI5!TC5! Ha Hee. Y:TO rrpaBJJ;a, TO rrpaB}la - CI1CTeMa rrpaKTMqecKI1 3am11meHa OT
    Aypa1 EcrrM XOTI1Te HaCJia}lI1ThC5! BCeMM 6rraraMI1 fI1}lpOIIOHI1KI1, BaM ITOHa}l06I1TC5!
    ITMTaTeJihHhIH pacTBOp, neperoH5!eMhII1 HaCOCOM, KOTOphIH }lI1HaMI1qHo I1 rroCTo5!HHO IIO}l}lep}KI1BaeT ypoBeHh I HeI
    CucmeMa nepuoauYecK020
    3amonneHU71
    Tar< OHa Ha3h!BaJiaCh I13HatJ:aJihHO: flood and drain. HOB HaIIII1 }lHI1 3Ty TeXHOJIOrMIO
    3aqacryro Ha3hIBaIOT «rrpMrr11B-0TrrMB»

    (ebb and ~ow).

    3ByqMT 6orree no3TI1qHo, HO

    CMhICll TOT }Ke, I1 Ha3BaHMe o6n5!CH5!eT rrpI1H~I1IT }leHCTBI15! CI1CTeMhI. CHaqarra
    cy6crpaT 3aTorrrrReTrn nMTaTeIIhHhIM pacTBopoM, 3aTeM pacrBop CJIMBaeTrn. ErnM
    IIOMHMTe I1CTOpI1IO, rrepBa5! TaKa5! CI1CTeMa 6bIJia 3arrymeHa B rrpOMhlIIIJieHHhIX
    MaCIIITa6ax Po6epmM I1 ArrMcoi1 YMTpoy B YHMBeprnTeTe Ilap}lhIO. B Te BpeMeHa
    CI1CTeMa rrpocro COCT05!Jla I13 JIOTKOB c rpaBHeM c

    ~eMeHTHhIM

    }lHOM I1

    ~eMeHT­

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    KOTOpblX peqh ITOH}leT HMX rrpOMhIIIIJieHHhIX MaCIIITa6ax 3TO }lerraeTC5! I1Haqe; ecrb TaK}Ke HeCKOJlhKO MallhlX
    BeCbMa 3cpcpe1 MHe HpaBMTrn I1 Apyra5!, }leMCTBMTeJibHO rrpoCTeHbKa5! crapI1HHa5! CMCTeMa rrepI10}lI1qecr<0ro 3aTonrreHHR. OHa 6epeT Haqarro He I13 rrapHMKOBOH MHJlYCTPMM,
    a 6bma pa3pa60TaHa o6MTaTeJI5!MI1 KaJIMcpopHI1HCKOH rrry6MHKI1 B XI1}KI1Hax, He
    3HaBIIII1x 3rrer
    5I Mor far

    BKJIIOqI1Th ee B naCCI1BHhie CI1CTeMhI, HO OHa TaIOKe IIpI1Ha}lJie}KI1T K I1CTI1HHhlM
    cMcTeMaM nepMO}lMqecr<0ro 3aTorrrreHI15!.
    BOT KaK OHa pa6oTaeT:

    36

    -l!1.QPOnOH111KA .Qn51 BCEX

    :.lpe.n:CTaBbTe ce6e .n:sa se.n:pa (o,n:Ho 6orrbllle Apyroro), coe,D;1rneHHbIX rrnaCTHKOBbIM
    ill 1aHrOM.

    IilJiaHr IIO,ll;KJUO'ieH K HH>KHeH qacTH Ka>K,D;Oro Be,D;pa rrpoCTbIM coe,D;H-

    .'.:il:'HHeM. EoJiblllee no pa.3Mepy Be,D;po -pacca,n;HbIH roprnoK, MeHbrnee- pe3epByap.
    Pacca,D;HblH roplllOK HanomuieTOI HHepTHblM cy6CTpaTOM' B Hero BbICa>I paCTeHH.s!, 3aTeM OH yCTaHaBJIHBaeTrn Ha cpe,D;HIOIO BblCOTY. CKa>KeM, Ha rrapy
    KttpilH'ieH. Pe3epByap HMeeT ,n:Ba IIOJIO>KeHH.si: O,ll;HO Ha IIOBepxHOCTH 3eMJIH,
    .:rpyroe Ha rrorr1 3aTeM AOCTaTO'iHO ycraHOBHTb pe3epByap Ha IIOJIKY' H >KI1,ll;KOCTb HaIIOJIHHT pacCa.J.HbIH roprnoK. Kor,D;a Beeb pacrBop nepeTe'ieT B pacca,n;HbIH roprnoK, nocraBbTe
    pe3epByap Ha 3eMJIIO H pacrBop H3 pacca,n;Horo roprnI
    3ra CHCTeMa He Tpe6yeT oco6b1X 3a TPaT H xopolllo pa6oTaeT. Ho. KaK rrpH rrro6oi1:
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    Hallie BpeM.si, ,D;a>Ke rrpH TOM 'iTO OHa ,D;aeT 3aMe'iaTellbHbie pe3yJibTaTbl.

    B HaIIIH AHH JIIOJJ;.s!M IIO,D;aBaH HaCOCbl H Tai1:MepbI. TI03TOMY caMa.si pacnpocTPaHeHHa.si B rrpo,D;a>I 11aCTHKOBbIH pacca,n;HbIH JIOTOK, ycraHOBJieHHbH1 Ha rrrracTHKOBOM 6aKe HJIH
    :1pHIIO,ll;H.s!TbIM Ha,n: 3eMrrefl Ha 1
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    Bcer,D;a OTKpbIT AJI.s! Texo6CJiy>KHBaHH.si.o

    B 3TOH CHCTeMe IIHTaTeJibHblH pacrBop

    JaKa'iHBaeTrn HacocoM CHH3y, H3 6aKa no.n: JIOTKOM, qepe3 TPY6Hoe coe,n:HHeHHe.
    :<.or,D;a Hacoc BKJIIO'ieH, IlHTaTeJibHbIH paCTBOp MenrreHHO 3arrorrH.sieT JIOTOK. 3TO
    .:rBH>KeHHe BbITeCH.sieT B03Ayx. C03,D;aBa.si BOCXO,ll;.s!~HH IIOTOK, OCBe>Ka.si KOpHeByro
    30HY H BbI,D;aBJIHBa.si HaKOilHBIIrnern B HeH ra3bl. ,npyroe Tpy6Hoe coe,D;HHeHHe,
    :ipH6JIH3HTeJibHO Ha 15 CM Bbillle ,D;Ha JIOTKa ¢111KlfAKOlTH. 3TO e~e H Mepa rrpe,D;ocrop0>KHOCTH Ha rnyqafl:, ernH Hacoc 6y,D;eT pa6oTaTb
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    o6bI'iHbIM rraTpy6oK) B 6aK.

    0

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    r10cryrraeT B cy6cTPaT. 3TO B CO'ieTaHHH c BblCOKOH Blla>I
    npeBpa~aeT ero B HJJ;eaJibHYIO cpeny All.s! KOpHeH. HH>KHHH rraTpy6oK HaxO,D;HTOI
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    Ha 0

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    3aTOIIJieHHe rrpoHCXO,ll;HT c peryrr.sipHblMH HHTepBaJiaMH.

    c KaKOH qacTOTOH? 3TO

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    ry. 'iTO

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    10TOK MO)KHO HaIIOJIHHTb MHHeparrbHOH BaTOH, KOKOCOBbIM BOJIOKHOM, KepaM-

    37

    YV!Jlb51M TEKCbE

    3I1TOBbIMI1 OKaTbIIIIaMI1 I11II1 I1X CMeOIMI1. HMeIOTOI I1 OTKJIOHeHIDI OT OCHOBHOH
    cxeMbI. Bo-nepBbIX, MO)l{HO noMecnuh paCTeHHSI B ropIIIKaX Ha JIOTOK. 3To noMO)l{eT C3KOHOMI1Tb cy6CTpaT I1 o6rrer nepe,n;BuraTb paCTeHI1.sI ecnu noHa,n;o6uTC.sI, BO I136e>KaHue 3aTeHeHI1.sI O,ll;HI1X
    paCTeHuH ,n;pyruMu. 3ToT MeTo,n; Ha3bIBaeTrn cy6-uppuraQuei1. O PaCTeHI-rn
    MO)l{HO nOCa,D;I1Tb B Ky6I1KI1 I13 MI1HeparrbHOH BaThl. B 3TOM CJiy nrreHKe HY)l{HO npope3aTb ornepcTu.si:, qm6hr paCTeHu.si: npopocnu qepe3 HUX. B
    ,n;pyroM, 6orree y,n;o6HoM sapuaHTe JIOTOK oCTaeTc.si: nycTbIM. Ha Hero Ha,n;eBaeTrn
    >r oqeHb xopoIIIO ce6.si: 3apeK0MeHJlOBaJIO, HO, KaK I1 BC.sIKI1H MeTO,n; c ororreHHbIMI1
    KOpH.sIMH, OHO He ro,n;HTC.sI lllI.sI HOBHqKOB. BoT TaKOBbI OCHOBHbie pa3HOBH,ll;HOCTI1, HO ecrrH nol1CKaTb B l1HTepHeTe CI1CTeMhI nep110,n;uqecKoro 3aTonrreHH.sI,
    TO OKa>KeTC.sI, qTo JIIO,D;H npo.si:BHJIH TBopqecKHH no,n;xo,n; H H3o6perrH MHO>KeCTBO
    XI1TpoyMHbIX ,n;oMopomeHHhlX CI1CTeM. K CO}KaJieHI1IO, OHI1 qacTO 3a6bIBaIOT 0
    rrraBHOM - o npocroTe!
    B KOHeqHoM cqeTe cucTeMa nepuo,n;uqecKoro 3aTonrreHu.si: .si:Brr.si:eTc.si: 3aMeqaTeJibHOH TexHorroruefi' cnoco6HOH TBOpI1Tb qy,n;eca. CucreMa OTBeqaeT nepBOMY
    3aKOHy rH,n;ponOHHKI1 - o6oramai1 KI1Cllopo,n;oM KOpHeByIO 30HY. Me,n;rreHHO no,n;HUMa.si:-onycKa.si: ypoBeHh BO,D;bl, «npI11II1BHO-oTJII1BHa.sJ:» CHCTeMa o6ecnequBaeT
    OTJII1qHyIO OKCUreHaQUIO - rnaBHYIO npe,n;noChIJIK}' no6poTHOH CUCTeMbl. no,n;DeM
    Bo,n;bI BhITecH.si:eT OTPa6oTaHHbII1B03,n;yx113 KopHeBoii 30HhI, a noHU>KeHHe Bo,n;bI
    o6ecnequBaeT noCTynrreHue HOBoro CBe>r He,n;oCTaTKOM cuCTeMbI .si:Brr.si:eTc.si: ee orpaHuqeHue no ra6apuTaM. floTOK nrromaAhIO B 1 IKe MO>KeT OKa3aTbrn rpoM03,n;KI1M ,n;rr.si: nepe,n;BmKeHI1.sI
    no orpaHuqeHHOMY npocrpaHcrny opamr npa1 11n11 TPH JIOTKa Ha o,n;HOM 6aKe; TaKHM o6pa3oM MO>KHo 3anorryqHTh 2 KBa,n;paTHhIX MeTPa pacca,n;Hoii nnoma,n;u, y,n;o6Hofi B o6cny>KI1BaHuu. ,[(pyra.si: npo6rreMa
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    unu OT ocyIIIeHu.si:, nu6o npuBo,n;uT K poCTy HmKe onTI1MaJihHoro. ,[(rr.si: no,n;6opa
    Ha,n;rre>Kamero opoc11TenbHoro QHKna Tpe6yeTc.si: onbIT u BpeM.si:. CornacHo coBpeMeHHhIM uccrre,n;oBaHU.sIM qacThIH KpaTKOcpoqHhIM nOJII1B o6ecnequBaeT
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    BI MHHYT QHI KepaM3HT H co6rr10,n;a.si: 3TOT npocTOH rpacpHK opoIIIeHH.sI, Bbl CMO>KeTe ycneIIIHO
    3KcnnyaTupoBaTb cucreMy nepuo,n;uqec1
    38

    Yl!lnbJiM TEKCbE

    TexHuKa numamenbH020 cno71 (NFT)
    Cne,n;yroru;MM MeTO,ll;OM, KOTOpblM o6pen ITO,ll;llMHHYIO rronymrpHOCTb, RBmreTrn
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    Ha3BaHMR, IlMTaTellbHhIM paCTBOp IlOCTORHHO ~MPKYllE-IpyeT TOHKMM CJIOeM.
    Mern,n; pa3pa60TaH B AHrlIMM AllneHoM KyrrepoM B 1960-x ro,n;ax, Kor,n;a BrrepBb1e
    IlORBMllMCb nnaCTMKOBhie Illl€HKI1.
    T04KM 3peHMR OKCMreHaUMM :na CMCTeMa
    TO)Ke npeBOCXO,D;Ha. To o6CTORT€llbCTBO, 'ITO ITMTaTellhHb!M pacrBop nepeMeru;aeTrn
    B O'leHb TOHKOM cnoe (TOJILD;MHOU B rrapy MMllllMMerpoB), o6ecrre'IMBaeT TaKMM
    o6pa30M orpoMHYIO IlllOLD;a,D;h rroBepxHOCTM AllR corrpmKAY B03,n;yxoM M BO,ll;OM. KCTaTM, MM€HHO TaK nonyqaroT Imcnopo,n; pe1m - OHM rrpocro
    TeKyT. Ha rpaHM~e B03,n;yxa M BO,ll;bl KMClIOpOA E-13 B03,n;yxa pacrBOpReTrn B BO,D;e
    rrpocTo 3a C'leT TpeHMR, co3,n;aBaeMoro Te'leHE-IeM. 3To o,n;MH M3 BeJIM'laiiirrnx
    MeXaHM3MOB npE-IpO,D;b!, ,n;enaroru;Mfl B03MO)l(HOM )l(E-!3Hb B pe1 nmpo1<0 rrpMM€HR€TO! BO BCeM ME-Ipe. NIT - caMblM pacnpocrpaHeHHhIH MeTOA
    AllR Bhrparu;MBaHMR CKopocnenhrx KYllhTyp, HarrpMMep, canaToB M KYllMHapHoii
    3eneHM. CMcTeMa Hanma oco6o nmpor<0e pacrrpocrpaHeHMe B AHrllMM M ABcrpallMM, r,n;e canaT-naTyK rnaBHhIM o6pa30M Bhrparu;MBaeTrn 3TMM crroco6oM. MeTo,n;
    TaK>Ke BCTpeqaeTrn B ,n;pyrMX 'laCTRX CBeTa, B OCHOBHOM B CKaH,D;MHaBMM, EBporre
    M Ha BocT01
    c

    C6opKa CMCTeMbl NIT rrpocra. Ee O'l€Hb nerKO CMOHTMpoBaTh E-13 KOMITJieKTyromMx,
    KynneHHhlX B MeCTHOM X03RHCTBeHHOM Mara3MHe. OHa KperrMTCR Ha cnerKa
    HaI MMHyTy. TiepBOHa'laJibHaR KOHCYpY~MR CMCT€MhI AllneHa Kyrrepa rrpe,n;craBJIAAa
    co6oi1 rne,n;yroru;ee.
    Ha cnerKa Ha1rnoHHyro paMy y1rna,n;hrnaeTrn ,n;ocKa M Ha Hee 601< o 6or< CTeJIRTrn
    nmpOKMe ITOllOCbI rrllaCTMKOBOH rrneHKM. KopHE-1 MOllO,ll;hIX paCTeHMM yxo,n;RT B
    Ky6MKM E-13 MMHepanbHOM BaTbI MlIM aHanorM'IHYIO cpe,n;y. Ky6Mru pacCTaBJI€HbI
    Ha rrnacTMKOBhIX rronocax qepe3 paBHhre rrpoMe)l(yTKM. TinacTMKOBaR nonoca
    3arHyTa BOKpyr Ky6MKOB M CKpenlleHa co Bcex cropoH cre6JIR pacreHMR ,ll;llR o6pa3oBaHMR )K€JI06a, B KOTopoM 6y,n;eT ~MPKYllE-IpoBaTh IlMTaTellhHhIM pacrnop. B
    BepxHeH OKOH€4HOCTM )Keno6a HarHeTaTeJieM rro,n;aeTrn ITMTaTellbHhIM pacrBop;
    Ha HE-!)KHeH OKOH€'IHOCTM )1(€JI06a paCTBOp ynaBJIMBaeTrn BO,D;OCJIMBOM M B03Bparu;aeTrn B pe3epByap. ~
    3TO rrpMH~MITMaJibHa.sI cxeMa, KOTopaR c Te'leHMeM BpeMeHM B€CbMa pa3BMJiaCb.
    TIORBE-!lll'!Ch )!(€CTKMe IlllOCKO,ll;OHHbie )Keno6a, BeCbMa o6nerqaroru;Me c6opKy CMcreMbI NIT. 3TOT BapE-IaHT qaru;e Bcero BcrpeqaeTrn B KOMMepqecKOM 3KCnnyaTa~MM.
    B ,n;pyroM BapE-IaHTe )Keno6a MMeIOT KpbllllKM, B KOTopbre MO)l(HO JIE-160 BCTaBMTb
    Ky6MKl1 ME-!HepanbHOM BaTbI, JIE-160 noMeCTMTb pacreHMe B ceT Bee Ky6E-IKM MM€IOT 6op03,llKM Ha ,llHe ,lllIR nyqllleH ~MPKYlIR~MM BO,llbl. Ha pbIHKe
    KOMHaTHhIX pacTeHMM MO)l(HO ,n;a>Ke HaMTM lIOTKM Ha,D; pe3epByapoM. B 3TOM rnyqae AllR Ta1<0ro Manora ~mrna JIOTOK rrnoc1 M B03Bparu;aeTrn B 6a1< Ha ,n;pyroM KOH~e caMOTeKOM. 3aqacryro KaITMllllRpHblM
    MaT IlOMOraeT paBHOMepHee pacnpe,n;ellRTb paCTBOp M 6JIOKMpoBaTb CBeT, a 6enaR
    nnaCTMKOBaR rrneHKa IlOKpbIBaeT CMCTeMy M 3aru;Mru;aeT KOpHE-1. 3TOT TE-Irr CMCTeMbl orpaHM'leH B pa3Mepax M 3aqacryro 3aHMMaeT MeHbllle o,n;Horo KBa,n;paTHoro
    MeTpa.G

    40

    Yl!lnb51M TEKCbE

    CMcreMy

    NIT

    MO>KHo co6paTb caMocTO.siTeJibHO M3 ITOAPY'IHblX MaTepMarroB. B

    Kat.JeCTBe )l(eJIOOOB fO,[VITC.Sl KpOBeJibHble rocj:>pMpOBaHHble MaTepMaJibI. B Ka'leCTBe
    BOJJ;OCJIMBOB MO>KHO TaIOKe MCITOllb30BaTb nrracTMaCCOBble JIO>I - see, LJTO npeAcrasrr.sieT co6m.1 >Kerro6 MJIM MO>KHO npespaTMTb B >Kerro6. Boo6pa>KeHMe He 3HaeT rrpeAelIOB. ,D,rr.si CMCTeM MeHbllIMX pa3MepoB rryt.JIIIe KYCTMTb see
    roTOBOe' TaK KaK 3TO o6bl'IHO CTOMT OTHOCMTeJibHO AeIIIeBO.

    NIT- OTJIM'IHa.Sl

    CMCTeMa c TO'IKM 3peHM.Sl OKCMreHauMM, HO y Hee eCTb M HeAo-

    craTKM. Bo-nepBblX, OHa He ,n;aeT orropbl pacreHM.Sl.M. Ecm1 Bbl MCCTOJlb3yeTe ee .llll.Sl
    Bblpaw;MBaHM.Sl pacreHMH c T5!)l(eJIOH sepxyIIIKOH, TO MM noHa,n;06MTC.Sl rro,n;,n;ep)l(Ka
    All.SI rrpoTMBOAeHCTBM.Sl CMJie T.SlroTeHM.Sl. TaKOH CTOAnOpKoii-rro,n;,n;ep>KKOH MO}KeT
    rny>I
    ZS-30

    CM Ha,D; CMCTeMOH 11JIM 3TO MoryT 6b!Tb

    XMTpoyMHble IIITyKOBMHbl, npMAyMaHHble All.SI uBeTO'IHOH rrpOMblIIIJieHHOCTM'
    TaK Ha3bIBaeMble «fw-lio», Ka>K,n;a.si M3 KOTOpblX rro,n;,n;ep>KMBaeT OAHO pacreHMe.
    ECJIM pacTeHUSI yxo,[VIT KOpH.SlMM B Ky6MK MJIM CeT'laTblH ropIIIOK, y HMX 6yAeT
    6oJibIIIe rro,n;,n;ep>KKM, HO 3TOro see >Ke HeAOCTaTO'IHO. 0TCYTCTBMe no,n;,n;ep>KKM
    c03,n;aeT ew;e 66JibIIIyro npo6rreMy. Kor,n;a pacreHM.Sl craHOBSITrn CJIMIIIKOM 6orrbIIIMMM, KOpHeBOH BOHJIOK OKI1MaeTrn. I10A BeCOM pacreHM.Sl c,n;aBJIMBalOTC.Sl KOpHM.

    EorrbIIIOH KOpHesoli soiirroK MO>KeT 3aMeAJIMTb MJIM Aa)!(e 3a6rroKMposaTb rrpMTOK ITMTaTeJibHOro pacrsopa. BOT rrrasHa.Sl npM'IMHa, ITO KOTOpoli

    NIT o6bl'IHO

    MCCTOJib3yeTrn AJISI pacreHMH c KOpOTKMM UMKJIOM. OT rrpo6rreMbl c,n;aBJIMBaHM.Sl
    KOpHeH MO>KHO M36aBMTbC.Sl B >Kerro6ax c KpblllIKOH M ceTLJaTblMM ropIIIKaMM. HO
    TOrp;a B03HMKaeT Apyrasr rrpo6rreMa - pacreHMSI npMAeTrn Bb1panurnaTb B Apyroii
    CMCTeMe AO Tex nop, ITOKa KOpHM YAJIMHSITC.Sl HaCTOllbKO, 'ITO AOCTaHyr AO AHa }Kerro6a, rAe liMPKYJIMpyeT BOAa, B rrpoTMBHOM rnyqae rrpMAeTrn AOBOJibCTBOBaTbC.SI
    O'leHb MeJIKMMM }Kerro6aMM.
    ,D,pyrMM cepbe3HblM HeAocraTKOM

    NIT srsrrsreTrn oTcyTCTBMe 3arraca BOAbl.

    ECJIM

    Hacoc OCTaHOBMTC.Sl M3-3a rrepe6oeB B 3JieKrpocHa6>KeHMM MJIM no .Ka.KOH-TO Apyroli
    npM'IMHe, pacreHMSI rrpO)l(MBYT Bcero HeCKOJlbKO qacoB. EcrrM c6oli rrpoM30HAeT
    8 HeCTOAXOA.Sllil;ee speM.Sl, HarrpMMep, B 3HOHHblH AeHb MJIM B Haqarre CBeTOBOro
    Ll,MKJia, TO speM.SI Bbl}KMBaHMSI 6yAeT ew;e KOpoqe.

    5I TaK>Ke C'IMTalO' 'ITO Aa>Ke All.SI

    KOpOTKMX }Kerro6oB OAHOii-e,n;MHCTBeHHOH TOLJKM srrycKa ITMTaTellbHOro pacrsopa
    B KOHu,e >Kerro6a HeAoCTaTO'IHO. Pacrsop Ha AHe )l(erro6a Heo.uHopoAeH, M BHYTPM
    KOpHesoro soiirroKa rrpoMCXOAMT 3acTOti MepTBOH BOAbI B na3yxax. B 3TMX na3yxax
    BOAa HeITOABM)l(Ha, M rrpoMCXOAMT 6b1crpoe o6eAHeHMe mrnopoAa. PacreHMSI
    pacryT. HO CKOpOCTb pocra HeyAOBJieTBOpMTellbHa.
    I1peMMyw;ecTBOM CMCTeM

    NIT SIBJI.SleTrn

    11X AeIIIeBM3Ha. ECJIM Bbl He }KerraeTe

    BKlla,D;bIBaTb 60JibIIIMe AeHbrM M BaM HY>KHa CMCTeMa MCKJIIO'IMTeJibHO All.SI KopoTI 6yAeTe BHMMaTellbHO 3a Heu CJieAMTb M o6ecne'IMBaTb pacreHM.SlM cj:>M3M'leCKYIO
    rro,n;,n;ep>KKy. I1pMMeH.si.SI B rroTKe MJIM B )l(erro6e

    NIT MMHeparrosaTHble

    Ky6MKM,

    TOpcj:> MJIM KOKOCOBble rpaHyJibl, Bbl MO}KeTe Aa>Ke Ha'laTb c qepeHKOB M AaTb MM
    rrycrMTb KOpHM; HO Bbl HM B KOeM rnyqae He CMO>KeTe MCITOJlb30BaTb TaKyro cMcreMy All.SI pa3BeAeHM.Sl MaTO'IHblX pacreHMH.

    42

    Y111!lb51M TEKCbE

    TexHuKa 2ny6uHH020 nomoKa
    (DFT, Deep Flow Technique)
    3To pa3HOBHAHOCTh NIT. ,[l,ocTaTo•rno npmKHeM
    KOHUe >Keno6a, qT06hI OH p;OXOAHJI AO ero cepep;HHbI no rny6HHe.
    >Keno6 rny6HHOH OKOJIO

    H

    BOT y Hae

    4 CM. B 3TOM cnyqae aKueHT p;enaeTOI He Ha TeXHHKY

    ITHTaTellhHOro CJIOSI, a Ha TeXHHKY nHTaTellbHOro noTOKa. llHPKYJISIL(HSI ocraeTOI
    TOH >Ke, Ho Her YKJIOHa, >Keno6a yno>KeHhI ropH30HTaJihHo. IlHTaTeJihHhIH pacrBop
    nocrynaeT CBepxy H TeqeT BHH3 K HH>KHeMy KOHI.W. Pa3HHua B TOM, qTo >KeJio6a
    SIBJISIIOTOI BOJJ;OCTOKaMH, H rJiy6HHa noTOKa BO)J;bl 4-5 CM. TeM caMbIM pelllaIOTCSI
    MHorne npo6JieMhI

    NIT.

    6oJibllIOH o6'beM BOAhI noBbIIllaeT 6yepHoe p;eHCTBHe,

    CTa6HJIH3Hpysi: nHTaTeJihHbIH paCTBOp c TQqKll 3peHHSI pH, TeMnepaTypbI H pacTBopeHHbIX HOHOB. PacreHHSI MeHhllle crpap;aIOT OT HeHcnpaBHOCTeH Hacoca.
    Pa3yMeeTOI, pacreHHSI noTpe6JISIIOT JIHillb qacrb BOJJ;bl H nHTaTeJibHbIX Be~eCTB,
    H CHCTeMa)J;OJI>KHa 3KCnJiyaTHpOBaTbCSI B 3aMKHyTOM pe>KHMe.
    3TO npeBOCXOJJ;HbIH npHMep Toro, qTo KpaCHBO BbirJISI)J;HT Ha 6yMare, HO nJIOXO
    pa6oTaeT B p;eHCTBHTeJihHOCTH.

    5l

    HCnbITbIBaJI 3TY CHCTeMy MHOro JieT Ha3ap; c

    nepeMeHHhIM ycneXOM H BCKOpe 3a6pocHJI ee. Bee MOH 3KCnepHMeHTbI C CHCTeMOH
    3TOro THna npHBeJIH Me HSI K TeM >Ke yp;pyqa10~HM pe3yJihTaTaM: TPYAHO, MO>KeT
    6bITb, p;a>Ke HeB03MO>KHO o6ecneqHTb ep;HHoo6pa3He pacreHHH, a 3TO OJlHH H3
    aKTopoB ycnexa. 3rn cnyqHTCSI, p;a>Ke ecnH >Keno6 1<0ponrnl1, H pacrnop nepe-

    Me~aeTCSI Ha MaJioe paCCTOSIHHe. Tar< KaK nHTaTeJihHbIH paCTBOp AOCTaBJISieTCSI
    B OAHY ToqKy' pacTeHHSI' OTCTOSI~He Aallhllle 3TOH ToqKH' He noJiyqaIOT CTOJibKO
    KHCJIOpO,ll,a, CKOJibKO pacTeHHH, HaXO,lJ,SIII!Hern B6JIH3H. DOMHM03TOI'O, HeKOTOpble

    6brcrpo norJio~aeMhie 3JieMeHThI, HarrpHMep, KaJIHH, CKOpo HCCSIKaIOT HJIH HX
    ypoBeHh rrap;aeT HH>Ke >KeJiaTeJihHoro.

    CucmeMbl Kanef7bH020
    opoweHUfl (Drip systems)
    B TOT >Ke nepHOJl,

    Korp;a CHCTeMa

    NIT pa3pa6aThIBaJiaCb B KaqecTBe npennoqTH-

    TeJihHoro rHnponoHHOro Mernp;a p;nsi: MaJihIX pacreHHH H KYJihTYP c KpaTKHM
    um
    (Drip systems). CD 3rn crano B03MO>KHhIM 6Jiarop;apsi:

    H3o6peTeHHIO HOBOro cy6crpaTa - MHHepaJibHOH BaThI. MHHepaJibHaSI BaTa - 3TO
    BYJIKaHHqecr BOJIOKHO. 3aTeM 3TO BOJIOKHO ¢opMyIOT B nJIHTbl HJIH r 3aTeM nJIHTbI HJIH 1 PaccMoTpHM 1 HHIO ITOMHAOpOB.
    ,UnHHHhre pSIJlbI rrnHT H3 MHHepanbHOH Banr yno>KeHhI Ha rrnaCTHK0By10 nneHKY.
    OHH rnerr
    K,LJ;oro pSIAa - OCHOBHOH JIHHHH - nOJIH3THJieHOBaSI rpy6a nop;aeT
    mnaTe"IhHbIH pacrBop. PacreHHSI BbICa>KeHhI B Ky6HKH MHHepaJibHOH BaTbI, H

    44

    Yl!lflb5lM TEKCbE

    KOr,D,a c HH>KHeH cropoHbl Ky6HKa fIOKa3bIBalOTCSI HX KOpHH, TO HX pacCTaBJISilOT
    qepe3 paBHhle npoMe>K}"TKH Ha nnHThI.
    l13 IlHTaIDme:H MarHCTpa!IH BTOpHliHbie TOHKHe nnaCTHKOBhie naTPy6KH-cnareTTH opomaIDT I
    K,n:oe paCTeHHe B OT,D,eJihHOCTH. Ha KOHUe naTpy6Ka ManeHhKHH
    nnacrMaCCOBhIM lllThipeK 3aKpennSieT naTpy6rrn BBepxy Ka>K,n:oro Ky6HKa H Me,D,neHHo BbIITYCKaeT KailJIH (OTCIO,D,a H Ha3BaHHe)' opomaH Ky611K. CKopOCTb BbIITYCKa
    Kaneni, perynHpyeTCSI. UHpKyJISIUHSI ynpaBJISieTCSI Ta:HMepoM H BKJIIDliaeTCSI B
    pa3HOe BpeMSI B TelieHHe ,lJ,HSI B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT noTpe6Hocre:H pacreHHSI' KOTOpbre
    B CBOID oqepe,D,h onpe,D,eJIHlOTCSI noro,D,HbIMH ycnoBHSIMH H npOliHMH cpaKTOpaMH.
    l13JIHlllKI1 IlHTaTeJihHOrO paCTBOpa, a 3TO 25-30% BCero o6neMa, He B03BpamaIDTCSI,
    a BbI6paCbIBalOTCSI B 0Kpy}!(aIDmy10 cpe,D,y' H npH O,D,HOM TOJibKO MbICJIH 06 3TOM
    MHe XOlieTCSI CKpe>KeTaTb 3y6aMH! TipHliHHOH Il0,D,06Horo paCTOliHTeJibCTBa SIBJISieTCSI TO, liTO Bbl ,D,OJI>KHbI BblMbIBaTb COJIH H3 IlJIHT H o6ecneliHBaTh, liT06bI nocne,D,HHe pacreHHSI B Ka>K.n;OM pSI,D,y nonyqanH ,D,OCTaTOliHO pacrBopa. TaK nolieMy
    >Ke He BepHyn pacrBop H He HCITOJih30Ban noBrnpHo? TiornMy liTO TaK,D,emeBne!
    B napHHKOBo:H npoMhilllJieHHOCTH npHHSITO CliHTaTb, liTO ecnH ITHTaTeJihHhIM
    pacrBop UHpKynHpyeT B 3aMKHYTOM KOHType, TO BMecre c HHM UHpKynHpyIDT H
    naToreHhI, KOTOphre CKopo ,D,06epYTCSI ,D,O BCero ypo>KaSI. 3To 3HaliHT' liTO ,D,JISI noBTOpHoro HCilOJib30BaHHSI HY>KHO KaKHM-TO o6pa30M crepHJIH30BaTb IlHTaTeJibHhlH
    pacrnop' liTO JIHliHO SI CliHTalO pocCI
    SI BbipamHBalO 60JibllIOe KOJIHlieCTBO

    paCTeHHH - COTHSIMH B 3aMKHYTbIX KOHTypax, He HCilbIThIBaSI npH 3TOM HHI npo6neM. HecKOJihKO pacreHHM Bcer.z:i:a rH6HeT, HO OHH pa36pocaHhI

    TYT H

    TaM.

    3To caMhie ma6i,1e pacreHHSI, H 3TO npoHCXO,D,HT c HHMH H B OTKpbITblX CHCTeMax.
    Eone3HH pa3HOCSITCSI HaceKOMhlMH H BeTPOM H BCer,D,a HaXO,D,SIT ce6e na3el1Ky. B
    KOHeliHOM ClieTe, eCJIH paCTeHHSI 3,D,OpOBbl, HX 3amHTHhie MexaHH3Mbl H HMMYHHaSI CHCTeMa OCTaHOBSIT 3TO BTOp>KeHHe - ,!J,HHaMHKa Ta >Ke, liTO Hy JIIO,D,eH
    11 BCero >KHBoro. Bee MhI >KHBeM B oKpY>KeHHH MHKpo6oB H y>1 ,I:Lpyro:H npHliHHOM OTKa3a OT IlOBTOpHoro HCilOJib30BaHHSI paCTBOpa SIBJISieTCSI TO
    o6CTOSITeJibCTBO, liTO He BCe COJIH nornomaIDTCSI c O,D,HHaKOBOM CKOpOCTblO. PacTBOp npHllIJIOCb 6br IlO,D,BeprHyTb aHaJIH3Y H c6anaHrnpoBaTb CO,D,ep>KaHHe HOHOB
    nepe,D, peuHpKynSiuHeii. TeM caMbIM noBrnpHoe HCITOJib30BaHHe rnro >Ke pacrBopa
    BJieTaeT B KoneeqKy, ,D,ellleBJie CJIHTb ero B 6nmKaHlllHH BO,D,OeM.
    0,D,HaKO cornacHO HOBOMY 3aKOHO,D,aTellbCTBY 0 nepepa6oTKe OTXO,D,OB OliHCTKa croKOB o6SI3aTeJihHa. Me,D,JieHHO H' SI 6i,1 CKa3aJI' He 6e3 npHHy>K.n;eHI1SI napHHKOBaSI
    npOMbIIIIJieHHOCTb HaliHHaeT co6JIIO,D,aTb npHJIHliHSI H o63aBO,D,HTCSI 3KOJIOrHlieCKOH C03HaTeJihHOCThID. Ta10Ke 6hmH BHe,D,peHhI HOBhie cy6crpanr: Bo-nepBbIX,
    CTeI H3 KOKOCOBbIX BOJIOKOH H, HaKOHeu, pa3JiaraeMblH cy6crpaT, OTKpbIBaIDmHM
    nepcneKTHBY 6onee ma.z:i:Simero c 3KOJIOffilieCKOM TOliKH 3peHHSI HCilOJib30BaHHSI
    KaileJihHOM TeXHOJIOffiH.
    KaK3TO HH nopa3HTeJibHO, ,D,aHHbIM THil CHCTeMhl IlOHBHJICSI B BapHaHTax. np:Hcnoco6neHHblX K BhrpamHBaHHID B 3aKphIThIX noMemeHHSIX. O.z:i:Ha H3 npHliHH
    - 3HaliHTeJibHaSI ,D,emeBH3Ha. O.z:i:HaKo To o6croSITeJibCTBO, liTO nocne Ka>K,n:oro
    umma BhipamHsaHHSI npHxo.z:i:HTCSI 3aMeHSITh cy6crpaT, ,D,enaeT ero 3KmnyaTaUHID
    .z:i:oporocroSime:H. HY>KHhI Bcero JIHlllh npSIMoyronhHbie nnacTMaccoBhie JIOTKH,
    B KOTOphre yKJia,lJ,hIBalOTCSI IlJIHTbI H3 MHHepanbHOH BaTbI (HJIH CTeKJIOBaTbI,
    KOKOCOBOro BOJIOKHa H T.,D,.), OlieHh MaJieHhKHM Hacoc, ,D,ellleBaSI IlHTaIDmaSI

    46

    rlll.QPOnOHl/lKA .Qn5l BCEX

    Man1crpanb co BTop11qHbIMH umaHraM11-cnareTTH. B pacno110>1 pe3epByap co611paeTrn H31111IlleK n11TaTe11bHoro pacrBopa, KornpbIH 3aqacry10
    npocro Bb16pacbrna10T. M11H11ManbHb1e pa3Mepb1 TaKoii c11creMhl: 30 CM x

    55 CM. G

    Kane11bHbie CHCTeMbI Hct,ae.>KHbl 11 npoCThl B 3KCn11yaTau1111. OHH xopolllO no,wmllSIT n11si Haq11Ha10m;11x. B HeKOTopo:fl creneHH cpe,D;a 3am;11m;aeT KOpHH OT pe3KHX
    nepena,D;OB TeMnepaTypbl 11 B11a>KHOCTH, a Boo6m;e-oT 01ll1160K oneparnpa. ,IJ,11si
    3Tl1X CHCTeM >KM3HeHHO Ba)J(eH Ul1KII oporneHHSI: Cfll1lIIKOM MHOro BO)J;bl - KOpHH
    3arHHBalOT OT KHcnopo,D;HOro ro110,D;aHHSI; Mano BO,D;hl - C01111 Kp11CTafl11H3YIDTCSI
    Ha Ky611Ke 11 MelllalOT BilHTbIBaHHlO KOpHeH.

    c Toqm 3peHHSI OKCHreHaUHH 3TO

    ,D;aneKo OT l1,D;ea11a, TaK KaK np11MeHsieMble cy6crpaTbl y,D;ep.>KHBaIDT 6011brnoe
    KOJI11qeCTBO BOLJ;bI. B XOJIO,D;HOM KJIHMaTe 3Ta BO,D;a He MO>KeT nor11om;aTbCSI ,D;ocrarnqHo 6blcrpo, qrn6bI ee Mecro 3aHSIJI CBe>KHH B03,D;yx.

    B pe3yJibTaTe 06pa3y-

    lOTCSI na3yx11 KOpHeBOM rHl111H, KOTOpbie qacro BCTpeqaIOTCSI np11 Kane11bHOM
    oporneHHH. l1HTepBa11 Me>I<,ZJ;y .ZJ:BYMSI opoCHTe11bHblMH UHl B 1<0pHeBOH 30He H,D;eanbHbl, BeCbMa KOpOTOK: B OCTaflbHOe BpeMSI cy6crpaT 111160
    nepeyB11a>KHeH, 111160 nepecyrneH.
    Ecn11 BaM B3.ZJ:yMaeTrn nmKcnep11MeHT11poBaTb c r11,D;ponoH111<0I1 6e3 TpaTb1 ,D;eHer, TO MO>KeTe HaqaTb c KaneJibHOro opollleHHSI, HO HY>KHO XOTSI 6bI HCilOJib30BaTb n1111Ty 113 KOKOCOBoro B0110KHa, a He 113 MHHepanbHOH BaTbI. l1 ecn11 Bbl
    He l1Cil011b3yeTe rrnTaTe11bHOe Bem;ecTBO IlOBTOpHO, TO XOTSI 6bl Il011HBaHTe HM
    ,D;OMalllHHe 111111 ,D;BOpOBble pacreHHSI.

    5l 3Hal0, qTo KOJIHqecTBa cy6crpaTa HJIH

    BO,D;bl, Il0,D;11e>Kam11e IlOBTOpHOMY l1Cil011b30BaHHlO, He3Haq11Te11bHbI. Ho Hy>KHo
    OT,D;aBaTb ce6e oTqeT, qTo Bbl He O,D;HH. Bb1pam;11BaH11e pacreHHH B IlOMem;eH11SIX - npouBeTaIDm;aSI HH,D;yCTpHSI, B KOTopyID BOB11eqeHhl 6yKBaJibHO MHJIJIHOHbl
    11ID,D;eH BO BCeM MHpe. np11qeM B CaMblX HeO>KH,D;aHHblX Mecrax. To' qTo ,D;e11aeTe
    Bbl, IlOBTOpSieTrn MHOroKpaTHO MHO>KeCTBOM IlO,D;06HhlX BaM 11IO,D;eH. ErnH co6paTb
    BCe OTXO,D;bl, TO nonyq11TCSI BHYllIHTeJibHaSI Macca, 11 TyT y>K 6y,D;eT He )J;O lllyTOK!
    Pa3yMeeTCSI, qeM 6011brne nnom;a,D;b pacca,n;bl, TeM 3Haq11Te11bHee Baille B03,D;eI1CTBHe. MHOrHe npOBOllSIT nepBble OilbITbl c rH,D;pOilOHHKOM, HCil011b3YSI Il11l1Tbl
    11 KaneJibHOe opollleHHe, IlOTOMY qTo 3TOT cy6crpaT 6JIH>Ke BCero CTOHT K noqBe
    11 Bbff11SI,D;l1T He TaK nyra10m;e, KaK oro11eHHble KOpHH. 0Hl1 06b1qHo no11yqa10T
    xoporn11e pe3y11bTaTbl, HO co BpeMeHeM, KOr,D;a OHH CTaHOBSITCSI yBepeHHee B ce6e,
    TO 3aqacry10 nepeXO)J;SIT Ha,D;pyroii MeTO,D;, on11caHHblH B 3TOH rnaBe.

    A3po-2uaponoHuKa
    3TOT MeTO)J; 6011ee COBpeMeHHblH. MHor11e orn116oqHo Ha3b!BalOT naHHblH MeTO)J;
    «a3ponOHHKOH»' HO OH He SIB11SieTCSI TaKOBblM. (HH.>Ke Mbl em;e 6y,D;eM roBopHTb
    06 «HCTHHHOH» a3ponoHHKe). Ha3BaHHe B ue110M OXBaTbrnaeT BCe CHCTeMbl,
    B KOTOpblX BO,D;a OKCHreH11pyeTCSI np11 npoxmK.n;eHHH qepe3 B03,D;yx. ,lJ,11SI 3TOro
    ecTb MHO>KecrBo cnoco6oB. MeTon pa3pa6aTbrnancsi napan11eJibHO B l13pa1111e 11 B
    KanmtiopH11MCKOM yH11Bepc11TeTe B ,lJ,3BHCe c KOHIJ;a 1970-x .ZJ:O cepe,D;HHbI 1980-x
    ro,D;OB. OH BblTecHSieT 6011ee Tpa,D;HIJ;HOHHble MeTO)J;bl, oco6eHHO B crpaHax, r,D;e
    KOMMepqeCKaSI rH,D;ponOHHI
    c11creMbl u11pKy11siu;1111, OH11 He HaHoCSIT ym;ep6a 01Ka10m;el1 cpe,D;e. Ha 1KaIDm;yID cpe,D;y' OHH np11-

    47

    YVIJlb5lM TEKCbE

    XOA51T Ha CMeHy pacnpocrpaHeHHOH ceroAH51 TeXHOJIOrJ1H' npH KOTopo:H H3JIHIJ1KH
    OTnpaBJI51IOTrn B OTXOAhI. TIOMHMO 3TOro' 6rraroAap51 AHHaMHLIHOH IJ,HPKYJI51IJ,HH
    BOAhI OHH noMoraIOT yAaJI51Th He>KeJiaTeJihHhie ra3bl H3 nHTaTeJihHOro paCTBOpa.
    MO>KHO COAep>KaTh pacreHHe MernIJ,aMH 6e3 TOKCHLJ:HhIX HaKOnJieHHH B KOpHeBOM
    30He. B a3pO-rHApOnOHHKe npHMeH51lOTGI JIH6o B03AYillHhie HaCOChI, BOA51Hhie
    HaCOChI JIH6o vortex (BOAOBopoT).

    803.0.YWHble HaCOCbl
    OHH o6b!L[H0 npHBOA51T B ABH>KeHHe Marrora6apHTHhie CHCTeMhl, H HX npoAaIOT B X0351HCTBeHHhIX Mara3HHaX. CymeCTByeT yf!Ma cnoco6oB noAaLIH BOllhI
    nocpeACTBOM B03Ayxa. B HaLJ:arre 1980-hIX rDAOB MOM Apyr nappH Epy1< H3o6perr
    npHcnoco6rreHHe, KOTOpoe MO>KHO npHJiaAHTh K JII06oMy THny KOHTeMHepa.G)
    XHTpoyMHa51 Y-o6pa3Ha51 neTaJih Il03BOJI51eT nonaBaTb B03AYX K HH>KHeM LJ:aCTH
    Tpy6bx. Korp;a HH>KH5151 LiaCTh Tpy6hI norpy>KeHa B BOAY, TO B03Ayx, noAaHHhIM
    HH>Ke ypoBH51 BOAhI, 06pa3y51 ny3hiphKH, BhITaJIKHBaeT BOAY H3 Tpy6h1 BBepx.

    11

    Torna BaM HY>I AHO KOToporo HanoMHHaeT AYPillJiar, HanorrHeHo KepaM3HTOBhIMH 01 rny>KamHMH ¢H3HLiecrwf! onopof! pacTeHH51M. BeAep1<0 noMemaeTrn B Apyroe
    6oJihIJ1ee BeApo-pe3epByap. MaJIOMOJ..UHhlM B03AYillHhIM Hacoc, Bpone TeX, L[TQ
    HCnOJih3YIOTGI B aI KOJIOHHy, KOTopy10 51 onHCaJI BhIIlle. C601 no3BOJI51eT BHAeTh ypoBeHh nHTaTeJihHOro paCTBopa. 0Ha noAKJIIOLieHa KO AHY
    cHcTeMhl Liepe3 npo1 3aTeM pacTBOp CaMOTeKOM CTeKaeT no KOpH51M B HH>I 0KCHreHaIJ,H51? .IJ:a, no MaKCHMyMy. TIOAHHMa51Ch no HanopHOH KOJIOHHe, BOAa
    cMeIIIHBaeTrn c ny3hiphKaMH B03Ayxa. Y:acTh KHCJiopona B ny3hiphKax paCTBop51eTrn B BOAe, a eme 6oJihIIIe pacTBOp51eTrn, KOrAa paCTBop na.n;aeT H3 KOJihIJ,a Ha
    cy6cTpaT.

    11 BCe >Ke 3TOro Marro no cpaBHeHHIO c TeM, L!TO 6yAeT AaJihIIIe; KOrAa

    nHTaTeJihHhIM pacrnop CaMoTeKOM B03BpamaeTrn B pe3epByap, OH Ll,HpKyrrHpyeT B
    BHAe nrreHKH. 3Ta nrreHKa ABH>KeTC51, o6BOJiaKHBa51 noBepXHOCTh KepaM3HTOBhIX
    OKaThlIIIeM' a He np51MO onycKaeTGI Ha AHO! 0Ha AOJI>KHa o6oi1:TH MHO}KeCTBO
    01I<.D:e LieM nona,aeT Ha AHO. TaI< 06pa3yeTrn orpoMHa51 nrroma,ah
    conpHKOCHOBeHH51 Me>KAY B03AYXOM H BOAOH, HecpaBHHMa51 HH c LieM ApyrHM. B
    pe3yJihTaTe paCTBOp OKCHreHHpyeTrn' 516bi Aa>Ke CI no Mepe norpy>KeHH51. TaxrnM o6pa30M BOAa B HH>KHeM ropIIII OKCHreHHpOBaHa. Korna pacreHHe pacTeT' H KOpHeBOH BOMJIOK npoxonHT CKB03h
    OTBepcTHe B nH11me BHyTpeHHero ropIIII
    I B HAearrhHOM cpeAe.G
    3TH ropIIIKH npeBOCXOllHhI llll51 OTneJihHO CT051mHX 60JihIIIHX pacTeHHH. B TaKOM
    CHCTeMe Bbl MO>KeTe BhipamHBaTb HX rDAaMH. 0HH MOryT BbipacTaTh AO BeChMa
    BHYIIIHTeJihHhIX pa3MepoB. EYAYLIH OAHHOLIHhIMH ropIIIKaMH, OHH HAearrhHO
    nOAXOA51T AJI5160JihHhIX HJIH npecTaperrhIX JIIOAeH, yxa>KHBaIOJ..UHX 3a CBOHMH JII06HMhlMH paCTeHH51MH. 3a HHMH rrerKO npHCMaTpHBaTb H HX MO>KHO npHnonH51Th
    Ha napy 6JIOKOB AJI51 o6rrerLJ:eHH51 AOCTyna. 3Ty CHCTeMy 51 o6bILJ:HO peKOMeHAYIO
    HHBaJIHAaM H no}l
    48

    Yl!1Jlb5lM TEKCbE

    KmoqeHbl KO BTOp11'iHOMY pe3epByapy' TO 3a Hl1Ml1 Hy>I norop,y KpynHoe pacTeH11e pacxo.uyeT Janae BOlJ.bl 3a 2- 3 p,mi:. 06Hap,e}l{11BaeT TO,
    'iTO ropIIIKl1 MO>KHO nerKO nop,KJIIO'il1Tb p,pyr K p,pyry' a noTOM K u,eHTpaJibHOMY
    pe3epByapy. Bbl MO>IKe u,11pKyn11poBaTb n11TaTenbHblH pacrnop Me>I<,n;y
    ropIIIKaMl111 o6paTHO B OCHOBHOH 6aK.~ 3TO o6ecne'il1BaeT O,UHOpO.UHOCTb n11TaTeJibHOro paCTBOpa BO BCex ropIIIKax c TO'iKl1 3peHmI pH 11 3JielII pacxop,yeTe Jll1IIIHIOIO 3Hepr11IO. B 3TOM Bap11aHTe Bbl np11Mem1eTe He6oJibIIIOH
    B03lJ.YIIIHblH KOMnpeccop, 06ecne'i11BaIOlll,l1H OKCl1reHaIJ,l1IO Ka>I<,n;Oro ropuma, a
    3aop,Ho 11 u,11pKym1u,1110 Me>KAY ropllIKaM11, 6narop,ap51 p,pyroMy x11TpoyMHOMY
    l1306peTeHl1IO napp11 EpyKa.
    3Ty Cl1CTeMy qacro Kp11Tl1KYIOT 3a TO, lffO B HeH HeT .uocryna K rmTaTeJibHOMY
    pacrnopy. Boo6ru,e-rn 3TO He npo6neMa. Moxrno l13Mep51Tb pH 11 3JieKTponpoBolJ.l1MOCTb B ypoBHeMepe. ,l],ocraTO'iHO CJierKa HaKJIOHl1Tb BepxyIIIKY 11 HanOJIHl1Tb
    CTaKaH'il1K. (IlepBblH CTaKaH nyqIIIe BbIJll1Tb o6paTHO B Cl1CTeMy' 'iT06bl TecT11poBaTb He BO.UY B HanopHOH KOJIOHHe, a BO.UY B 6aKe.) OTJieHTe eru,e CTaKaH'il1I<
    11 np0Tecr11pyl1Te ero cop,ep>ICHMoe. Ecn11 Bbl MO>KeTe ocrop0>I Cl1CTeMy, XOT51: 6bl Ha OP,l1H lCHpn11q, TO CMO>II Cl1CTeMy HaKJIOHOM ypoBHeMepa. CHoBa 3anpaBl1Tb Cl1CTeMy MO>I opoIIIa51: cy6crpaT KaK no'iBY.

    5l p,onro JIOMaJI ronoBy' 'iT06bl HaHTl1 KaKoI1-H116yp,b HaCT051:lll,l1H l13b51:H B 3Tl1X
    Cl1CTeMax, HO TaK 11 He CM or! Ha CaMOM p,ene' 0Hl1 noJib3YIOTC51 TaIIK TOJibKO B 3anap,HOH
    EBpone npeBblIIIaeT 1000 IIITyK. C Tex nop KaK «,l],>I cpopH1151:» BHep,p11na 3TY Cl1CTeMy B 1980 rop,y, ee CTOJibKO pa3 Kon11poBaJil1, 'iTO OHa
    Morna 6b1 no npaBy 3aH51:Tb Mecro B KH11re peKopp,oB f11HHeca! l1 cero.uH51: men MO.U11¢11u.11poBaHHa5!: op11r11HaJibHa5! MO,UeJib no-npe>KHeMy noJib3yeTrn cnpocoM.
    ITOBCIOAY MO>KHO HaHTl1 MHO>KeCTBO ee KOIT11H ... HJ111 nonpocry co6paTb ee caMoMy.

    BoP.S1HoVI Hacoc
    B a3po-r11p,ponOHl1'ieCKl1X Cl1CTeMaX 6oJibIIIero MaCllITa6a np11MeH5l:IOTC5! BOP,51:Hble HaCOCbl, u,11pKyn11py10ru,11e BO.UY no Cl1CTeMe. 3Tl1 MOAYJibHble Cl1CTeMbl,
    pa3MepaMl1 OT MeHee 1 l MeTpOB - no-MoeMy' npep,eJibHbie pa3Mepbl P,Jl51: MOHTa>Ka yp,o6HOH OP,l1HO'iHOH
    ycraHOBKl1. OH11 ycrpoeHbl npocTo: 6enb1e ('iTO Ba>KHO p,JI51: orpaxzeH115!: Tenna)
    nnaCTl1KOBble Tpy6bl l qaIIIeI<» l1JI11 ceT'iaTblX ropllIKOB. CeT'iaTble ropIIIKl1 HanoM11HaIOT no cpopMe
    KJiacc11qecK11e Ca,ll;OBble ropIIIlCH, l1X CTeHKl111 P,HO He cnJIOIIIHble, a COCT051:T 113
    nnaCTl1KOBblX nonoc, n03BOJ151:IOlll,l1X KOpH51:M rno6op,HO qepe3 Hl1X rrpopacTaTb.
    0Hl1 Tal<>I B 3Tl1X ropIIIKax ropcrb KepaM311TOBblX m ApeH11py10ru,ero cy6crpaTa o6ecneq11BaeT Tpy6a l1Jll1 pacca;:i:Ha51: KaMepa (Kopo6) CHafoKeHa KpblIIIKOH Ha Ka)J(,ll;OM KOHIJ,e.
    3TO repMeTl1'iHa51 KaMepa, B IKHO noMep>ICHBaTb onpep,eneHHblH
    ypoBeHb BOP.bl. B P,Hl1lll,e Ha OP,HOM KOHIJ,e l Tpy6a 113 ITBX, npoxolJ,51: qepe3 npoKJiaAKY, no3BOJI51:eT BaM peryn11pOBaTb ypoBeHh

    50

    YV1Jlb5lM TEKCbE

    pacrnopa B KaMepe. 06b1qHo pa3Mepb1 KaMepbI 12 xl2 cM; .z:vurna OT 111.0 4 MeTPoB
    B 3aBl1Cl1MOCTl1 OT c11CTeMbI. ~
    Me>I<.UY I n11TaTeJibHbIH pacrBop. Ecn11 Marl1CTPanbHa$l TPy6a Haxo11.11Trn BHe KaMepbI, TO
    BTOpwrnbie TPy6K11 no11.BOlJ.$lT pacrBop B KOpHeBy10 30HY no TOH >Ke KOHcrpyKD,1111,
    qTo 11 B KaneJibHOM oporneHl111. 011.HaI P.Ba MeT011.a coBeprneHHO HecpaBHl1Mhl. B a3po-r1111.ponoH11Ke Hacoc-HarHeTaTeJib
    B KOHI.{e BTop11qHoro TPY6onpoBOlJ.a 11.ocraBJI$leT He Kanmo, a MOLl.\HYIO CTPYIO BolJ.$lHOH nbm11. ,Upyroe np11Hu11n11anbHoe pa3n11q11e B TOM, qTo r
    K,D;oe pacreH11e
    He 11MeeT CBoero pacnbml1TeJI$l. Pacnbm11Ten11 pacnono>KeHbI BlJ.Ollb BCeH KaMepbI
    no OlJ.HOMY Ha Ka)l(,IJ,bie 3-4 pacreHl1$! lJ.ll$l o6ecneqeHl1$l CBe>Kero n11TaTeJibHoro
    pacTBopa rro BCeMy >Keno6y. Ponb 3Tl1X pacnbmHTeneH 3aKn10qaeTrn CKopee B
    OI CTaHOBl1TC$! CBepxoKc11reH11poBaHHbIM, Kor11.a npoXOlJ.11T CKB03b B03lJ.yx B pacnhIneHHOM B1111.e (0Tc1011.a 11 Ha3BaH11e - a3po-rn11.ponoH11Ka). KaMepbI rro11.Kn10qeHhl
    K B03BpaTHOH Mar11crpan11 (oqepe.nHoH TIBX-Tpy6e), 1<0TOpa$! HeceT pacrnop 06paTHO B 6aI<. Hacoc norpy>KeH B 6aK, me OH nporDH$IeT paCTBOp CKB03b q>HllbTP.
    B Terrnm.{e KaMepbr yno>KeHbI Ha 6noK11, a 6aK 3apb1T B 3eMn10. B noMemeH1111
    KaMepbI nOlJ,H$!Tbl Ha onopbl. a 6aK rroMemaeTrn ITOlJ. Hl1Ml1 lJ.ll$l 3KOHOMl111 MecTa.
    f.D Hacocbl pa6oTalOT BeCb lJ,eHb, HO MOryT 6bITb OTKJIIOqeHbI Ha HeKOTopoe BpeM$!
    Hoqbro lJ.ll$l 3KOHOM1111 3JieKTp11qecrBa. Ecn11 Bbl Haq11HaeTe pa6oTy, Karna pacreHl1$! 11MeIOT MaJieHbI ypoBHeMep, noKa He rroKpoeTe 2 CM Hall.He qaIJIKl1. Tio Mepe pocra KopHeBoro BoHJIOKa, nOHl1>KaHTe ypoBeHb BOP.bl, noKa OH He yrra,UeT ITOJIHOCTblO, 11Jil1 BOo6me
    y6ep11Te, ecn11 noro11.a >KapKa$!.
    3lJ,eCb $! on11CbIBaIO Tl1n11qHyro a3po-r1111.ponOHHYIO Cl1CTeMy. EcTh 1111.pyr11e.
    A3po-r1111.ponOHHI<.a MO>KeT ocymeCTBll$!TbC$l B OT}leJibHbIX roprnKaX, KOTOpbie
    Bee nonKJIIOqeHbI K 011.HoMy 11 TOMY >Ke pe3epByapy 06m11M11 n11Tarom11M1111 B03BparnhIMl1 Mar11crpan$IMl1. TioKa BOP.a pacnbIJI$leTC$! 113HarHeTaTeJI$l11 npOXOlJ,11T
    CKB03b B03lJ.yx c ueJiblO OKCHreHal.{Hl1 3TO a3po-rn11.porrOHl1Ka. B ITOMemeHHH 3TOT
    MeTOlJ. 3aqacryro 11cnoJib3yeTrn lJ.ll$I y1<0peHeHl1$l qepeHKOB. B 3TOM cnyqae nnacrMaCCOBbIH $IJ1.\l1K c OTBepcT11$lMl1 B KpbilIIKe BMemaeT ceTqaTbie qarnK11. BHyTPtt
    $IJ1.\l1Ka Harne 11 TOHKl1e Tpy6bI co MHO>KeCTBOM ¢opcyHoK-HarHeTaTeneH C03lJ,alOT
    paCITbIJieHHe. KOTopoe 3aTIOJIH$leT npocrpaHCTBO Me>K,Uy BOP.OH 11 KpbIIllKOH $lll.\11Ka.
    KoHeqHo >Ke, qepeHKH c yp;oBOJibcrn11eM nyCKaIOT KopH11 B TaK11x ycnoBl1$IX!~

    Bo.o.oeopoT (Vortex)
    3TO XHTPOYMHoe np11cnoco6neHHe, 113o6peTeHHoe X1mneneM CoepoM, $J:BJI$leTrn
    B cymHocr11 Bpamarom11Mrn KoHycoM co crreu11anbHbIMl1 6op03Jll KOHyca, TaK 11 CHapy>KH All$! pacrrpoCTPaHeHl1$l BO,Zl;bl c ITOMOLl.\blO BepTyillK11.G)
    Ero MO>KHO HaHTl111 ceHqac, HOK CO>KaneHl1lO, He c nepBoHaqanbHbIM MOTOpoM,
    KOTOpbIH 6bIJI CHafoKeH peocraTOM Jlll$l KoppeKT11pOBKI1 CKOpOCTl1 BpameHH$!, a B
    KOMMepqecKOM Bap11aHTe c rrp11MeHeHHeM Toro >Ke BOAOBopoTa c ,ZJ;BeHa,UI.{aT11BOJibTOBbIM MOTOpoM, noTpe6ll$ll011.\11M oqeHb Mano 3JieKTPl1qecrBa. Pa3pa6oTaHHbIH X11nneneM Co¢¢epoM B KaqecrBe na6opaTOpHoro o6opyp;OBaHH$!, OH Bee eme
    Ill11pOKO np11MeH$leTrn BO BCeM M11pe pacreH11eBop;qecKl1MH na6opaTOp11.S!Ml1.
    TOqKH 3peHl1$l OKCl1reHal..(1111 np116op npaKT11qecK11He11MeeT ce6e paBHbIX. Tipe.nen

    c

    52

    YV1Jlb51M TEKCbE

    ero npHMeHeHHSI - ero pa3Mepbl. ,naHHblH BO,D;OBOpOT MO:>I CHCTeMax ,D;HaMeTpOM OKOJIO

    75 CM,

    no3TOMY ero 'IaCTo npHMeHSIIOT TOJlbKO AflSI

    qepeHKOB. 0,D;HaKO ero MO)l{HO HCnOJib30BaTb H ,D;JISI UHKJia nOJIHOro poCTa - OT
    qepem
    ,n;o ypo)l{aSI. B 3TOM crryqae BaM noHa,n;o6HTrn 3amHTa - KO)l{YX Bor
    BepTyIIIKH BO H36e:>I A3po-rH,n;ponoHHKa - 3aMe'IaTeJibHaSI TexHonorHSI; oHa 6ecno,n;o6Ha, oco6eHHO B
    >I Me:>K,!ly nHTaTeJibHblM BemecrBOM H BepxHHM npoCTpaHCTBOM KaMepbl HanOJIHSieT
    BJla:>KHblH B03,n;yx, HaCbrmeHHblH BO,D;SIHbIMH napaMH. Kor,n;a B03AYX HarpeBaeTrn,
    HcnapeHHe nHTaTeJibHOro paCTBopa ycHJIHBaeT ,n;eHCTBHe pacnhIJIHTeJISI, npeBpamaSI 3TO 3aMr B TenJIOBOH BOJIHe. TI03TOMY 3Ta TeXHOJIOrHSI nOJib3YeTrn paCTymHM cnpocoM
    B A3HH, r.n;e MHOrHe napHHKH Haxo,D;SITCSI B X nOJIHOCTbIO o6'beKTHBeH, ,n;a H He co6HpaIOCb!

    5I

    5I

    He Mory 6bITb

    HCnOJib3YIO a3po-rH,n;ponOHHKY

    TpH,n;uaTb JieT H, KOHe'IHO, 3TH CHCTeMbl - MOH JII06HMbie. OHH o6ecne'IHBaIOT
    ypoBeHb HaCbrmeHHSI KHrnopo.na B KOpHeBOH 30He H COOTBeTCTBeHHO nO'ITH MarH'IeCKYIO CKOpOCTb poCTa. MHe TaK)l{e HMnOHHpyeT TO o6CTOSITeJibCTBO, 'ITO B
    rI xopoIIIaSI Mepa npe.noCTopmr H3 CTpOSI, TO B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT pa3Mepa HaCa:>K,!leHHH H TeMnepaTypbl B noMemeHHH, paCTeHHSI CMOrYT Bbl)l{HBaTb OT

    24 'IaCOB .no 2-3 cyTOK. 3Toro BpeMeHH

    BnOJIHe .nocraTO'IHO Jl:JISI npHHSITHSI Mep H ycrpaHeHHSI HeHcnpaBHOCTH. Tiorne
    nycr
    He H~HO H36aBJISITbCSI OT rpoM03Jl:KOfO cy6crpaTa. CHCTeMy OTHOCHTeJibHO nerr 'IHCTHTb HJIH .ne3HHqmuHpoBaTb Me:>r<.ny ypo)l{aSIMH. TIOHCTHHe 3Ta CHCTeMa Haxo.nr 6.n;HTeJibHblM, KaK 3a pyneM fOHO'IHOH MaIIIHHbI!
    He.noCTaTOK CHCTeMbl - ee .noporomnHa npH nor Tpe6yeT 6onee MOIUHOro Hacoca, 'IeM npo'IHe rH.nponoHHbre TexHonorHH Tex
    )Ke pa3MepOB. B napHHKOBOH npOMbIIIIJieHHOCTH OHH npHMeHSIIOTCSI rnaBHblM
    o6pa30M Jl:JISI BbrpamHBaHHSI KYJlhTYP c BblCOKOH .no6aBJieHHOH CTOHMOCTbIO HJIH
    6hrcTpopaCTymHx r ypo)l{aH KOTOpblX MO)l{eT 6bITb CHSIT HeCKOJlbKO pa3 B ro.n. CHCTeMa TaK)l{e HCnOJib3yeTrn ToproBuaMH pacreHHH, KOTOpbre cneuHaJIH3HpyroTrn Ha KOJIJieKUHOHHblX
    paCTeHHSIX Jl:llSI pacnpoCTpaHeHHSI; JIH6o ,ll;JISI no.n.uepX Toro, 'IT06br 3aCTaBHTb ynpSIMoe paCTeHHe 3auBeCTH. TipH Manhrx ra6apHTax .no

    10 KBa,n;paTHblX MeTpOB 3HepronoTpe6neHHe He Bbl3bIBaeT 3aTpy.nHeHHH, HO npo6neMbl Ha'IHHaIOTCSI npH npoMblIIIJieHHblX MaCIIITa6ax. Manbre CHCTeMbl .noporH
    eme 113-3a Tpy.uoeMKOH c6opr ECJIH BaM H~HO BbrpaIUHBaTb pacreHHSI Bcero Ha

    1 KBa.n;paTHOM MeTpe,

    pbIHOK

    MO)l{eT npe.n;nOXKeCTBO BapHaHTOB. ,nJISI TaKHX ra6apHTOB Bbl MO)l{eTe
    Haifrn NIT HJIH cHcreMy nepHOJ:IH'lecr1 KOHKyp11poBaTb no ueHe cpe.nH yCTaHOBOK c TaKOH noJie3HOH nnoma.UbIO. TipH
    60JibIIIHX ra6apHTax Bbr6op orpaHH'IeH. He Tep3aHTeCb COMHeHHSIMH npH nor
    54

    YV1Jlb5!M TEKCbE

    a3po-rn:.n:porroHHOH cHcTeMbI. [lorronHHTeJibHblH ypo>Kaii 6b1CTpo OKYIIHT aarrm
    pacxo,n:bl. Bbl TaIOKe MO>KeTe rroCTpOHTb CBOIO ycraHOBKY H3 ,n:eTaneii' KyrrneHHblX
    B Mara3HHax .n:m1 ca.n:oao,n:oa rro pa3yMHOH qeHe, H MO)l qepTe)l Toro, LIT06b1 Bbl MornH HX aocrrpoH3BecrH. I 3aTpaT rrpHXO.D:HTrn Ha Tpy.n:. QqeBH.D:HO, eCJIH Bbl Bee c,n:enaeTe caMH, TO 3,n:opoao
    C3KOHOMHTe ••• HO Ha 3TO yii,n:eT yiiMa aarnero BpeMeHH, rrpHLieM 6oJibllle, 'IeM Bbl
    co6HpanHCb IIOTpaTHTb. B KOHe'IHOM C'IeTe BbI6op Me>KJJ;y ,[\OMOPOIIIeHHOH HJIH
    IIOI
    A3ponoHuKa
    B HallleM TeCHOM MHpe Mara3HHOB pacreHHeBO,[\CTBa H orpaHH'IeHHblX 3HaHHH 0
    rH,n:pOIIOHHKe, OIIHCaHHblX Bblllle, a3po-rH,n:porroHHKy 3a qacryro Ha3bIBaIOT a3poIIOHHKOH. Ha caMOM .n:ene HCTHHHaH a3pOIIOHHKa rrpHHa,n:Jie)l .n:pyroii o6naCTH. B 3TOH CHCTeMe IIHTaTeJibHblH pacrnop rrpeo6pa3yeTrn B TyMaw
    a3pmonb rrocpe,n:cTBOM ynbTpa3BYKOBOH MeM6paHbl c qacTOTOH 1,6-2 MHJIJIHOHa
    Kone6aHHH B ceryH.n:y (2 Merarep~). TipH TaKOH qacrnTe ao.n:a pacrrbIJIHeTrn Ha
    MeJib'IaHrnHe LiaCTH~bl pa3MepoM MeHee 5 MHI COCTaBJIHeT 2,5 MHKpOHa, 'ITO II03BOJIHeT HM Herrocpe,n:CTBeHHO BIIHTbIBaTbCH
    I Mem 3KCrrepHMeHTbl 6bIJIH IIOCTaBJieHbl B HaLiane 1950-x ro,n:oB, H c Tex rrop MeTo,n: rrpHMeHHeTrn apeMH OT BpeMeHH. Ta )Ke TeXHOJIOfHH HCIIOJib3yeTrn B rrpOMblllIJieHHblX
    TeIIJIH~ax .D:JIH IIOBbIIlleHHH ypoBHH Blla>KHOCTH. Ee rrpeHMYIIIeCTBO B TOM' 'ITO Ha

    JIHCTbHX He oca>K,D;aeTCH «cao6on;HaH» so,n:a. 'ITO yMeHblliaeT pHCK HX 3apa>KeHHH
    rpH6I MHe H3BeCTHO, ,n:JIH rronyqeHHH ypo)KaH 3TOT MeTo,n: 6bIJI rrpHMeHeH JIHillb O,n:Ha}K,ll,bl
    B POCCHH B 1980-x ro.n:ax c HCIIOJib30BaHHeM ropHLieH BOJl:bl, OTBe,n:eHHOH OT A3C
    Jl:lIH OTOIIJieHHH TeIIJIH~. 3KcrrepHMeHT He y,n:anrn.
    [laHHaH TeXHOJIOfHH IIO.D:HHMaeT OKCHreHa~HIO Ha coaeprneHHO .n:pyroii ypoBeHb!
    PacreHHH rronyqaroT so.n:y H IIHTaTeJibHb1e BellleCTaa 6yr H Ha3BaHHe «a3porroHH1 IIHTaTeJibHOro pacrnopa B OKCHreHHpOBaHHYIO cpe.n:y. Kor,n:a B KOH~e 1980-x ro.n:os
    3TOT MeTo,n: Ha'IaJI 3aBOeBbIBaTb rrorrynHpHOCTb, H ,n:yMaJI, 'ITO a3po-rH,n:pOIIOHHKa,
    KOTopoii H Tor.n:a 3aHHManrn, c1<0po CTaHeT Jl:OCTOHHHeM HCTOpHH. 0,n:HaKo 3TOfO
    He rnyqHnocb. Ha caMoM n;ene 1<0pHH paCTeHHH TaK sonbroTHO ce6H qyacrayroT B
    3TOH cpe.n:e. 'ITO 6e3y,n:ep)l(HO paCTyT... 3a C'IeT Ha,n:3eMHOH qacTH pacreHHH. 3TO
    xoporno, I KpyrrHoe paCTeHHe, TO 3TO HeCKOJibKO pa3,n:pa)KaeT! ECTb H .n:pyroii He,n:oCTaTOI<:
    ynbTpa3ay1<0Bbie MeM6paHbI xoporno pacrrbIJIHIOT LIHCTyro so.n:y, HO Kor,n:a Bbl
    paCTBOpHeTe B HeH COJIH, TO OHH OCa>K,n:aIOTCH Ha MeM6paHe H 3aKyrropHBaIOT ee.
    Cero,n:HH MO)l{HO BCTpeTHTb a3pOIIOHHble CHCTeMbl, paccLIHTaHHble Ha opaH>KepeH. EOJibllIHHCTBO, eCJIH He ace OHH, rrpe,n:Ha3HaLieHbl .D:JIH y1<0peHeHHH qepeHKOB. Bbl H caMH 6e3 oco6blX ycHJIHH MO)l MaJIOMOIIWbIX TyMaHoo6pa30BaTeJIHX, KOTOpbie rrpo.n:aroTrn B nro6oM Mara3HHe

    56

    pacrem1eao,n:crna.e 0.n:HaKo y6e,n:1uecb, 'iTO no1KHbIH aaM npH6op.
    Ha pbIHKe BcrpeqaroTrn TyMaHoo6pa3oBaTenH, paCC'iHTaHHbie Ha nOBbIIIIeHHe
    ana>KHOCTH B >I .n:nsr aepHOCTH, nmKcnepHMeHTHpoaan OAHa.>K,n:bI c TaKOH ycTaHOBKOH - TaK OHa
    nory6Hna ace MOH qepeHKH 3a qac!
    A::iponoHHKa npoTHBonor qepeHKOB. ,[Vrsr oporneHHSI H no,n:KopMKH 6b!cTpopacryru;Hx pacTeHHH HY>KHO reHepHpoaaTh MHOro TyMaHa. DpHAeTrn npHCTaflbHO cne,n:HTb 3a CBOHM ypo>KaeM
    H o6opyn;oaaHHeM H 6bITb roTOBbIM K BMeillaTeflbCTBY npH nepBbIX >Ke npH3HaKaX
    AHCKOM Pa3pa60TKa a::iponoHHKH SIBHnacb pernaIOru;HM TeXHOnorHtJ:eCKHM npopbIBOM.
    Dpen;craBbTe Bbrparu;HBaHHe pacreHHH H3 o6naKOB - Aa.>Ke n03TbI 0 TaKOM He
    MetJ:TanH! Ho flH'iHO ,ZJ;flSI MeHSI a::iponoHHKa eru;e He H,n:ean. CnHillKOM MHoro TexHHtJ:eCKHX 3aTpy,n:HeHHH, CflHillKOM MHOro KOpHeH, a pacreHHe HH3Kopocnoe. TeM
    He MeHee a::iponoHHKa n01<0psreT B006pa>KeHHe - ecTb 'ITO-TO MarHtJ:eCI KaK KOpHH BbipacraroT H3 TyMaHa. EcnH XOTHTe nonpo6oaaTb, HatJ:HHTe c yKopeHeHHSI KJIOHOB 3THM cnoco6oM nepe.n: TeM, Kar< AOBOAHTb ypo>I 3Ta TexHonorHsr B o6ru;eM H u;enoM HctJ:e3na H3 napHHKOBOH HHAYCTPHH, H cero,n:Hsr 3THM TepMHHOM ace 6onhllle o603HatJ:aIOTOI CHCTeMbl, aHanorHtJ:Hbie
    a::ipo-rH,n:ponoHHKe. E,n:HHCTBeHHOe pa3flHtJ:He B TOM, 'ITO TyT HeT >I roprnKa: aecb KOpHeaoif aoifnoK no,n:aerneH B ao3,n:yxe H no.n:aepraeTrn Hanb!neHHIO TyMaHa (CM. HH>I
    BepmuKanbHOe Bblpaw,uaaHue
    C Tex nop KaK rH,D;ponoHHKa yTaep,n:Hnacb so aceM MHpe KaK npoMbIIllneHHbIH
    MeTon Bbiparu;HBaHHSI ypmI npoH3BOAHTenbHOCTb H npe}!{,ll;e acero npH6bmbHOCTb. 0,n:HOH H,n:eeif 3KOHOMHOro
    Hcnonb30BaHHSI MeCTa 6hm OTKa3 OT ropH30HTaflbHblX CHCTeM H npHMeHeHHe
    aeprnKanbHOro npocrpaHcraa TennHLI;br. 3TO .n:ocrHranocb MHO>KeCTBoM cnoco6oa.
    3rn Mo>I .n:nsr BbrpamHaaHHSI canarna. A-o6pa3Hyro opMy MO>I KOHLI;OM BHH3, 1r aHanorHtJ:HbIX TeM, 'ITO Hcnonb3YIOTCSI B ropH30HTaflbHbIX CHCTeMax, HO >I ycraHOBfleHbI Ha pa3HbIX ypoBHSIX, no,n:HHMaSICb no o6e cropoHbl OT u;eHTpa TaK,
    tJ:T06bI He 3aTeHSITb .n:pyr Apyra. 0 )J.pyme BepTHKaflbHbie CHCTeMbI COCTaBnsrIOTOI H3 6onblllHX, HanonHeHHbIX nepnHTOM MelllI TennHu;hr. MernKH no,n:nHThrnaroTrn rnepxy, H H3nHillKH pacraopa co6HparoTrn
    Ha nHe. 3TO o6bI'iHO OTKpbITbie CHCTeMbI, npHMeHSieMbie rnaBHbIM o6pa30M npH
    Bbrparu;HaaHHH 1 Bee 3TH CHCTeMbI OtJ:eBHAHO orpaHHtJ:eHbl Bbrparu;HBaHHeM MaflbIX pacreHHH;
    6onee 1
    58

    Yl!lflb51M TEKCbE

    MHe H3BeCTHO, nepsaH TaKaR CHCTeMa 6hrna cpa6oTaHa MOHM npHHTerreM, 6e3YMHblM pacrettHeso,n;oM c 3ana.n;ttoro no6epe>KbH KaHa.n;hI. B ero cHcTeMe rraMna
    pacnOJIO)KeHa ropH30HTaJibHO, B QeHTpe ropH30HTaJihHO Jie)Kam;ero QHJIHH,n;pa.
    PacreHHH Bblpam;HBaIOTrn B Ky6HKax H3 MHHeparrhHOH BaTbl H npHKpenJIHIOTrn
    no BCeH nosepxHOCTl1 QHJIHH11,pa, KOTOpblH Ot.J:eHh MenrreHHO spam;aeTrn. KaK
    TOJibKO Ot.Iepe,ll;HOH pHA pacTeHHH npH6rrmKaeTCS! KO .n;Hy. OH conpHKacaeTrn c
    nHTaTerrhHhlM pacrsopoM, H KY6HKH cMat.J:HBaIOTrn. IToKa Ky6HK,ll;erraeT norrHhlH
    o6opoT. HacrynaeT speMH npHHHMaTb Hosyro BaHHY. En Moil npHHTerrh rosopHrr
    MHe. 'ITO OH co6pan :.Hy CHCTeMy pa.n;H 3a6aBbl. O,D;HaKO MHe npe.n;crasrrReTrn, 'ITO
    oHa rryt.J:IIIe scero, c,1J;errattHoro nocne 3Toro. Ecrb Het.J:TO crpaHttoe B 3THX pacreHHHX, nepesepHyTblX BBepx TOpMaIIIKaMH HJIH noBepttyThlX noA BCeB03MO)l(HblMH
    yrrraMH. l1x norro)KettHe spo.n;e 6b1 Hx He ot.J:eHb BOrrHyeT. 0HH see .n;erraIOT TO >Ke
    caMoe - pacryT K CBeTy. 3Ty CHCTeMy B Hallie BpeMH HCnOJib3YIOT Het.J:acro, HOB
    npo11,a>Ke HMeeTrn ee sapHaHT Ha 80 pacreHHH.
    Cero.n;HH caMhlMH nonyrrHpHblMH CHCTeMaMH HBJIHIOTrn sepTHKaJibHble QHJIHtt,n;pbl
    c sepTHKaJibHO BHrnm;HM OCBem;eHHeM. l1MeeTrn HeCKOJibKO pa3HblX MO,n;erreH. B
    KOTOpblX npHMeHHIOTrn pa3JIHt.J:Hble CHCTeMhl .n;ocraBKH nHTaTeJibHOfO pacrsopa.
    HeKOTOpbie H3 HHX OCHam;eHhl KanerrbHblM ycrpOHCTBOM npH Ka)K,D;OM pacreHHH,
    npyrHe - sepTHKaJibHblMH nrrHTaMH MHHeparrbHOH BaTbl ,[\JIH MHHHMH3aQHH
    KOJIHt.J:ecrna HartteTaTerreif (3a ct.J:eT yTH)KerreHHH KOHCTPYKQHH!)f.:1 CaMaH 6orrbIIIaH ycraHOBKa «KorrH3eH» BMem;aeT
    300 pacreHHH npH norrHOH 3arpy3Ke Ha
    npocTpattcrne pa,n;HycoM 1,80 MeTpa npH BblCOTe 2,25 MeTpa. Otta Hcnorrb3yeT 4
    naMnbl no 600 saTT Ka>K.D;aH.(p :>Kerro6a Ha V-o6pa3HblX KapKacax, onHcaHHble
    Bblllle, TaK)Ke cym;eCTBYIOT B MaCIIITa6ax, npHcnoco6rreHHblX ,[\JIH pblHKa KOMHaTHblX ycTaHOBOK, HO B QeJIOM OHH He TaK nonyrrHpHbl, KaK sepTHKarrbHhle

    no

    UHJIHHApHt.IeCKHe.

    Y>K 3TH-TO CHCTeMbl TOt.J:HO He ,[\JIH Hat.J:HHaIOm;Hx! OHH o6rra,n;aIOT O,ll;HHM 3aMet.J:aTerrbHblM npe11:Mym;ecTBoM: snepsbre seCb rneT H3rryt.J:aeTrn Ha pacreHHH.
    CseT 60JibIIIe He nanaeT Ha perreKTOp, He oTpa>KaeTrn OT CTeH. B 3TOM CMblCJie
    3TO 60JibIIIOe ,[\OCTH)KeHHe, HO Bbl Ot.J:eBH,[\HO orpaHHt.J:eHbl Ot.J:eHb MarreHbKHMH
    pacTeHHHMH, t.J:TO B HeKoTopoM cMb1cne - npeHMym;ecTBO, TaK KaK saM He HYX Bblpam;HBaTb 6ecnorre3HYIO pacTHTeJibHYIO Macey. Apyroif CTOpDHbl, BaM HY>KHO
    CTOJibKO pacreHHH, 'ITO Tpe6yeTrn o6ecnet.J:HTb BeCbMa o6IIIHpttoe npocrpaHCTBO
    ,[\JIS! MaTOt.J:HblX pacreHHH H KOptteBblX t.IepeHKOB. ,[(o6aBbTe K 3TOMY BpeMH, Heo6xo,n;HMOe ,[\JIH B3pam;HBaHHH MaTOt.J:HblX pacreHHH, 3a6opa qepeHKOB, Ha HX

    c

    yKopeHeHHe H ycTaHOBKY Ha Mecro, H Bbl noHMeTe, not.J:eMy MHOrHe BJia.n;eJibQbl
    sepTHKaJihHblX CHCTeM He H,D;YT ,[\aJibllle nepsoro ypmI QHKJia. BepTHKaJibHaH CHCTeMa He npom;aeT TaKHX onm6oK. 0,n;HaKO eCJIH Bbl
    onblTHbl Hy Bae eCTb BpeMH (H ,n;eHbrH - see 3TO He,n;eIIIeso!), TO Bbl CMO)KeTe norryt.J:aTb ypo)KaH, Tpy,D;HO ,[\OCTH)KHMble HHhlMH cnoco6aMH Ha cpaBHHMOH nrrom;a.n;H.

    60

    YV1Jlb51M TEKCbE

    CucmeMa nnaaaJ-O~eu nnamcfJopMbt/
    2ny60KOBOOHOfl J (DWC, Deep Water Cultivation)
    3To Ha3BaHHe ,n:aHo ao,n;HoI1 KYflbType - 1 ocraaHn ee Hanorne.n:oK, noToMy 'ITO OHa 3aMbII nnanpopMbI, 0 KOTOpbIX 51 roaopHn B eBOeM 3KeKypee B HCTOpHIO rH,n:ponOHHKH?
    3TO - coapeMeHHblH aapHaHT. HO y Hero IIpHHUHIIHaflbHO Ta >Ke TexHonorHS!, KOTopyro aoo6rn;e npHMeHS!IOT BO MHOrHX TeIInHuax; ee ,n:a>Ke Ha3bIBaIOT IlflOTOBbIM
    MeTO,ll;OM. OrpOMHbie npS!MoyronbHbie 6eTOHHbie 6aeeeHHbl HanonHeHbl MS!rKHM
    IIHTaTenbHbIM pacraopoM, a B HHX nnaaaroT npS!MoyronbHbre neHonnaeTOBbre
    IlflOTbI e paeea.n:oI1 eanaTa-naTyKa. Ka>I<.D;blH ,n:eHb Ha O,l!HOM KOHUe eHHMaIOT ypo>KaH e o,n:Horo p51.lia nnorna. OcranbHbie nnoTbI no,n:TanKHBaIOT, tJ:TOObr orno6o,n:HTb
    Mecro ,n:nS! Hoaoro pS!,n:a, .n:o6aaneHHOro e .n:pyroro Ko Hua. Yp0>r eHHMaeTrn 1pa3B30-35,n:HeH, OTero.n:a H 30-35 pS!,n:OB IlflOTOB. HH IIS!,ll;H npocrpaHeTaa He TepS!eTrn; HeT HHKaKHX npoxo.n:oa. ToT >Ke pacraop xpaHHTrn 6onhIIIyro
    qacrb ee3oHa, TOflbKo ,n;o6aanJ110Trn ao,n;a H conH ,n:nS! 6anaHea pacraopa.
    Hae >Ke HHTepecyeT Manora6apHTHbIH na6oparnpHbIH aapHaHT. Tipe.n:craBHM KOHTeHHep n106brx oqepTaHHH H pa3Mepos, OObitJ:HO ae,n;po Ha 5-10 nHTpoa. IloMeCTHTe
    Ha AHO ae.n:pa B03AYIIIHYIO 3aaeey HflH paeIIblflHTenb B03,n:yxa, no,n:KflIO'leHHbIH K
    He6onbIIIOMy B03AYIIIHOMY Harney ,n:nS! npHae,n:eHHS! B ,n:eHCTBHe. 3aneI1Te B Be,n;po
    IIHTaTeflbHbIH pacraop H IIOMeCTHTe Ha noaepxHOeTb BOLJ;bl nHeT neHonnacra. B
    neHonnacre HMeeTeS! 1 tITo MO>KeT 6brTb nporn;e H ,n:eIIIeane! 3Ta eHcreMa qarn;e aeero Henonh3yeTrn B
    HaytJ:Hhrx pacreHHeso,n:qeeKHX na6opaTopHS!x ,n:nS! onorTOB. MHe HpaBHTrn, 'ITO
    eaMbre nepe.n:osbre na6oparnpm1 Henonb3YIOT eaMyro n;peBHIOIO rH.n:ponoHHyro
    TexHonorHIO ,ll;flS! BbrpamHBaHHS! paeTeHHH. B 3TOM HeeOMHeHHO ecrb eaosi r B Mara3HHax pacreHHeao.n:craa B HaIIIH ,n:HH MO>I npHcnoco6neHmI. Te >Ke H,n:eS! KOHTeI1Hepa e ny3bipbKaMH ao3,n:yxa BHyTpH, HO
    KpbIIIIKa >KecrKaS! H npHKpenneHa K KOHTeiiHepy. a He nnaaaeT.
    3Ta npocraS! eHeTeMa He TOflbKO nerKO MOHTHpyeTrn, OHa ern;e H 3cp¢eKTHBHa.
    KaK HH crpaHHO, 6ypnsirn;He ny3bipbKH B ao.n:e - He nytJ:IIIHH enoco6 oKeHreHaUHH.
    O,n:Har<0 6onbIIIOe KOflHtJ:eeTao ny3bipbKOB, noeTOSIHHO n;ocraansieMbIX HacocoM,
    o6ernetJ:HBaeT 6onee tJ:eM n;ocraTOtJ:HO 1rn:cnopo,n;a .nnsi xopoIIIeI1 a3pauHH paeTBopa
    .n:a>Ke ,n:nS! KpynHoro pacreHHS!.
    3Ty eHcreMy ynpeKHyTb oco6eHHO He B tJ:eM, pa3ae 'ITO pacreHHSI otJ:eHh ysi:3BHMbI
    K oTKa3aM Hacoea HnH OTKnIOtJ:eHHIO 3neKTpHtiecraa. EenH IIOTOK ny3bipbKOB a03.n:yxa npeKpaTHTCS!. KHcnopo.n: 6brcrpo HernKHeT. BbI>KHBaHHe ypo)l yrnoaHI1 01KHBeT 6onhIIIe 24-30
    qacoB. PHeK HH3KHH. TaK KaK B03AYIIIHbie HaCOebI o6bI'lHO Ha,n:e>KHbI. O.n:HaKO He
    MeIIIaeT HMeTb no.n: py1<0I1 ern;e o,n:HH B pe3epae. Ha arnKHH cnyqal1.
    QqeBHAHO, 3TO MO>KeT 6bITb He e,n:HHCTBeHHaSI aaIIIa rH,n:pOIIOHHaSI eHCTeMa, HO
    OHa HMeeT AOBOflbHO MHOro npHMeHeHHH B BaIIIeM KOMHaTHOM npe.n:npHS!THH,

    62

    rVl,l\POnOHVlKA ,[\!151 BCEX

    M B03MO>KHO He MernaeT IIOCTpOMTh op;tty TarKHO MeIIOJib30BaTb
    )J;llil Bbipam1rnatt11.si O.lll1Hoqttoro pacreH11.sI, eeJI11 Bbl XOTMTe II03KCIIep11MeHTMpoBaTb c HOBbIM Bl1.ll0M. 6yp;h TO )J;JI.sI KapT11Hhl pocra' rnopocrM pocra 11JI11 Ka qecrBa
    Kotteqttoro rrponyrr
    luoponoHuKa 6yoyU{e20
    fMp;porrotttthIM TeXHOJiorM.siM cyx cqeT y MeH.sI HeT HMKaKMX COMHeHMH. 3necb tteyMeCTHO BeCTM ,z:i;e6aTbl Ha 3TY
    TeMy' HO qT06bI rrpoKopMMTh COHMbl roJIO]lalOIT(MX BO BCeM M11pe noTpe6yeTC.sI
    6oJibllle, qeM rrpocro rraxoTtta.si 3eMJI.sI 11 ,z:i;o6pa.si BOJI.si. Ey,neM ttap;e.siTbC.sI tta npopbIB B rMp;porrotttto:H Mttp;ycrpMM B cropotty 6oJiee map;.siIT(MX 3KOJior11qec1rnx
    TeXHOJIOrMi1 Bbipam11BaHM.sI OBOIT(eH, a TaioKe Ha C.llBMr B cropotty KaqecrBa, a
    He rrpoM3BO)J;MTeJibHOCTM.
    KaKoBo 6y.nymee 3TOH TexttoJiorMM - r11,z:i;porrottl1KM 3aBTparnttero ntt.si?

    B o6o-

    3pMMOM 6yp;yIT(eM, .sI p;yMalO, He rrpoM30H}leT 3aMeTHOro OTXO.lla OT MeTO,ll;OB,
    orrMcaHHhIX Bhillle.

    H cqMTalO.

    qTo pernaroIT(Me rrepeMetthI ttacryrr.siT He B o6JiaCTM

    arrnapaTHhIX cpencrB, a, TaK cKa3aTh, B 0611acrM «rrporpaMMHoro o6ecrreqeHM.si»
    - TOro, qeM Mbl 3arrpaBJ1.sieM HalllM Ill1TaTeJibHbie paernopbl. B 3TOH o6JiaCTM
    Bep;eTC.sI MHOro 11HTepeCHblX MCCJiep;oBaH11H, 11 1Ke Ma.siqaT
    tta ropM30HTe.

    H 06p11cy10

    tteKoTopbie B03MO>KHhie rryTM pa3Bl1Tl1.sI B rJiaBe, rro-

    rn.simetttto:i1 rr11TaTeJihHhIM pacrBopaM.
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    eyIT(eCTBylOIT(MX rrapHMKOBhIX eMCTeM. HarrpMMep, qTQ eeJIM paeeeqb KOpHeBOH
    BOHJIOK paCTeHM.sI IIOIIOJiaM M BbipaIT(MBaTb 1
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    100 JieT,

    ecrb

    eme MHOX lllKa¢ax, BO MHOro pa3 yBeJIMqMJIO q11eJIO JIIOp;e:i1, rrpMMeH.sIIOIT(l1X r11p;ponoHMKy. AttaJiorMqHblM o6pa30M B03poeJio 11 KOJI11qecrBO eBeTJibIX roJIOB, enoeo6HblX
    p;yMaTb 0 coBeprneHCTBOBaHMM Toro, qeM OHM 3aHMMalOTC.sI. EeJIM no6po,nHTb no
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    63

    YV1Jlb51M TEKCbE

    Ha

    YeM )f(e

    ocmaHOBUmb Bb16op?

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    ,a;enaTb c IIOMOll\blO CBOeM CHCTeMbl. 3a60THTbCSl 06 O,ll;HOM MaTOqHOM pacreHHH
    HJIH 0 MHO>KeCTBe MaTOqHblX paCTeHHH? 0 pa3JIHqHblX BH,a;ax HJIH O)l;HOM-e,a;Hw
    CTBeHHOM? l.J:TO 3TO 6y,a;eT - ca,z:i: ,ll;JISI rrpo,a;OBOJlbCTBHSI, ,a;ml KpacOTbl HJIH H TO, H
    ,a;pyroe? Co6ttpaeTeCb JIM Bbl pacrrpocrpaHSITb qepeHI H TeM 6,a;HTeJibHee Ha,11;0 6blTb. HeKOTOpble rH,a;porrOHHble CHCTeMbl He,a;erneBbl.
    l1x rrpoH3BOASIT qrnpMbI cpe,a;HeH pyKH, He HMeIOll\He cpe,a;crB rrpoH3Bo,a;cTBa
    60JibIIlHX KOMIIaHHH. 3Ta OTHOCHTeJibHO BblCOKaSI CTOHMOCTb He ,ll;OJl)KHa Bae
    o6ecKypa>rKeHHble ,a;eHbrH 6blcrpo OKYIISITCSI ypo>KaeM. l1 IIOCKOJlbKY
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    coe,a;HHeHHH. 1 Tar< qTO rrepBblH cpaKTOp Bb16opa - 610,a;>KeT. ErnH HeT ,a;eHer. IIOCTpOHTe caMH
    H3 ,a;erneBblX KOMIIJieKTYIOll\HX, KyrrneHHblX B X03SIHCTBeHHblX H opoCHTeJibHblX
    Mara3HHax JIH6o y rH,a;pOIIOHHblX KOMIIaHHH. EOJibIIlHHCTBO rrpoH3BO)l;HTeJieH
    rrpo,a;aIOT orrpe}leJieHHble }leTaJIH, KOTOpb1e 6011brne HHr,a;e He ,a;ocraTb.
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    rropa3HTe11bHOH pa3HHueH Me>r<,LJ;y pacreHHeM. BblpOCIIlHM B rpyHTe, H pacreHHeM.
    BblpOCIIlHM B KOHTeHHepe. SIBJISleTrn pa3Mep KOpHeBoro BOHJIOKa. ,lJ.JISI HeI pacreHHH c 60JibIIlOM KOpHeBOH CHCTeMOM, HaIIpHMep, IIOMH}lOpOB, rrpocrpaw
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    200

    JIHTpOB H

    +/-20 JIHTpOB).

    3TO HMeeT 60JibIIlHe

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    66

    ,DPOnOHVlKA ,D!l?I BCEX

    rnaaa2
    rM~pOnOHHble

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    peaKUl1lO cy6crpaT' Harrp11Mep' KepaM311TOBble OKaTblllll1. HeKOTOpbie rrpe,n;ITOG:l1TaIOT Bbipam11BaTb pacTeHl1SI B «G:HCTOH» BO,n;e. B rrapH11KOBOH 0TpaCJil1
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    He rrpe.n;crasnsrIOT 11HTepeca.

    06lL{ue xapaKmepucmuKu
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    rrop11CTOCTb Ha e,n;11H11uy o6neMa BbIIIIe, qeM B JII060H ITOG:Be. YBellttG:eH11e rrop11CTOro rrpocrpaHCTBa MO>KeT cocraBJISITb OT O,[\HOH TpeTl1 ,n;o ITOG:Tl1 Tpex pa3,
    B cpe,n;HeM Ha 35%. ,lLOITOJIHHTeJibHbie rropbl 3TO 3HaG:l1T 60Jibllle KttCJiopona B
    IKe KJIIOG:eBOH ¢aKTOp. 3TO B03JJ;eHCTByeT Ha pocr pacreHl1SI
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    B rpyHTe. 3Ta C3KOHOMJieHHasr 3Hepr11sr MO>KeT 6bITb 11CITOJib30BaHa B JII060M
    .n;pyroM Mecre pacreHl1SI. AHaJIOrl1G:HbIM o6pa30M BJiaroy,n;ep>r
    69

    YV1Jlb51M TEKCbE

    cy6crpaTe B 10-100 pa3 MeHbIIIe, qeM B rro•rne - a 3Ha'IHT ew;e o,n;HH 3Heproc6eperaiow;m1 cpaKTOp .zvrn: pacreHHH. ITopHcrhle cy6crpaThI BMecre co rno6o.n;HhIMH
    MHHepanaMH B Herrocpe,n;cTBeHHOM KOHTaKTe c KOpHeM H nen o6'bSICHJIIOT MarHqeCKHH poCT pacreHHH Ha rH,n;porroHHKe.
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    Bpe,n;HhIX .D;JISI pacreHHH, H, y>K KOHe'IHO, HHKaKHX 3lleMeHTOB, TOKCH'IHhIX ,n;JISI
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    XHMH'IeCKHe H 6HOJIOfH'IeCI rropHCTOCTb, pa3Mep qaCTHU, a TaI<>Ke o6MeHHBaeMbie HOHbl, pH, cpHTOTOKCHqHOCTh. CaMoe Baxrnoe .D;JISI Hae - Bnaroy,n;ep>KHBaiow;asr crroco6Hocrh H BnaroeMKOCTh. 3To ,n;Ba pa3HhIX rnoiicTBa, H HX He rne,n;yeT rryTaTh. BnaroeMKOCTh - 3TO
    KOJIHqeCTBO BO.D;bl, KOTOpoe .n;aHHhIH ofueM cy6crpaTa crroco6eH BIIHTaTh. Bnaroy,n;ep>KHBaIOw;asr crroco6HOCTh - 3TO cHna, y,n;ep>KHBaiow;asr Bo,n;y B cy6crpaTe.
    0Ha orrpe,n;ensreTCSI H3MepeHHeM o6paTHOH CHllbl - BCaCbIBaiow;eii CHllbl, KOTopyio
    KOpHH .D;OJI>KHbl rrpHllO>KHTb,n;JISI BIIHTbIBaHHSI BO.D;hl; o6bI'IHO OHa Bblpa>KaeTCSI B
    1KaHHe He ,n;omr CHllbHbIM. ECJIH CHJia, y,n;ep>KHBaiomaSI Bo,n;y Bcy6crpaTe, 60JibIIIe, qeM MOryT06ecrre'IHTb KOpHH, TO pacreHHe 3aBsrHeT. C,n;pyroii cropOHbl, eCJIH BJiaroy,n;ep>KaHHe
    cna6oe' cy6crpaT Bb!Cb!XaeT CJIHIIIKOM 6brcrpo. 0,n;HH H3 OCHOBHbIX 3anoroB ycrrexa
    B ni:,n;porroHHKe - 3TO rapMOHH3aUHSI opOCHTellbHOrO UHKJia c BJiaroeMKOCTblO
    H Bnaroy,n;ep>KaHHeM cy6crpaTa. 11,ll;eSI 3aKJIIO'IaeTrn B o6ecrreqeHHH BJia>KHOH
    cpe,n;hl .D;llSI pacreHHH, HO TaKOH, KOTOpasr 6y,n;eT qacro opoIIIaTbCSI .D;lISI C03,D;aHHSI
    rrpHTOKa B03,n;yxa H BO.D;bl B KOpHeByIO 30HY. 3TO Oqepe,n;Hoe 3a6ny>r<.n;eHHe. JIIO,n;H
    ,n;yMaIOT' 'ITO IIOKa cy6crpaT BJia>KHb!H' TO Bee B rropsr,n;Ke. 3TO COBepIIIeHHO He
    TaK! EcJIH 3Ta BJiara qacro He B0306HOBJISieTCSI, OHa BCKOpe JIHIIIHTCSI KHcnopo,n;a
    H CTaHeT 6ecrroJie3HOH ,n;JISI pacreHHH' OHH 3aBSIHyT ,n;a>Ke BO Blla>KHOM cy6crpaTe.
    EcnH IIHTaTellbHblH pacrBop Bee BpeMSI HaCbirn;aeT cy6crpaT' TO pe3yllhTaT 6y,n;eT
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    c

    TioHa'IaJiy rH.n;poIIOHHble TeXHOJIOrHH 3aHHTepecoBaJIH MeHSI qHCTO H3 coo6pa>KeHHH JieHH. 5I XOTeJI Bbiparn;HBaTb ,n;o6pOTHble pacreHHSI c MHHHMallbHbIMH
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    rrpeKpacHo pa6oTaIOT Ha MeHsr! ll,HKJI xopoIII, Kor,n;a ero rrpocro-Harrpocro HeT!
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    70

    ,DPOnOHl!lKA Df151 BCEX

    .lOJl}KeH rrpH3HaTb, tffO HeKOTOpb!e cy6crpaTb[' HarrpMMep' KOKOCOBb!e BOJIOKHa'

    u :\1.elOT orrpe,n;eneHH&Ie rrpettMyw;ecrBa M ttecrrpocra rron&3yIDTCSI rrorrymrpttOCTblO.
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    ~OTOpb!X cy6crpaTOB o6na,n:aeT 3JleKTpH onpe.n:eneHHble paCTBOpeHHble MOH bl. TeM caMbIM BMAOM3MeH5I5I IIMTaTeJibHblH
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    paCTeHMH.

    l1 HaIIpOTMB, .n:pyroi1 pacrrpocrpaHeHHblH MCTO'IHMK a30Ta, aMMMaK

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    Kor.n:a 3JieMeHTbI, pearMpyIDmMe ,n:pyr c ,n:pyroM M 06pa3y10mMe conM. rrnaBalOT B
    0,'.lHOM pacrnope. B qaCTHOCTH, KaJibUMH (Ca++) M MarHHH (Mg++) MOryT pearMpoBaTb c c]Jocc]JopoM MJIM cepoi1, 06pa3y51 c]Jocc]JaThI MJIM cynhc]JaThI.

    c reqeHMeM BpeMeH.11 OTJIO>KeHMSI MepTBOH opraHMKM M cyxMX COJieH ttapyrnaIOT
    o,n:Hopo,n:HOCTb MHOrHX cy6crpaTOB, C03,n:aBaSI B cpe,n;e rra3yXM. He6narorrpHSITHb!e
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    Cy6crpaThl 6&rna10T ,n:Byx TMIIOB - HeoprattM
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    (Grodan) II05IBHJICSI TOJlbKO B 1980-x ro,n:ax. MMHepaJI&Ha5I BaTa - CMeCb

    rpex MMHepaJIOB (6a3aJI&Ta, M3BeCTHSIKa M KOKCa), CIIJiaBJieHHb!X rrpM BbICOKOH
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    orrpe,n;eneHHblX ycnoBM5IX MOryT rrornomaTbCSl pacTeHM5IMM. 0,n:HaKO 3TO Bbi3hI-

    71

    Yl!lllb51M TEKCbE

    saeT tte6onbI1IOe noBblllleHHe pH. KaK HH CTpaHHO, npH pH 5 MHHepan&tta.si Ba Ta
    Ha CTe1010saTa npoH3BO,n;HTC.sI attanorH 'iTO OTpa)({aeTrn Ha ee Bnaroy,n;ep>KHBaIOll(eH cnoco6HOCTH.

    c

    1980-x ro,n;OB H .n:o CHX nop MHHepan&Ha.sI (CTeKJI.sIHHa.sI) BaTa - cy6CTpaT HOMep
    O,ll;HH B napHHKOBOH OTpacnH' npHMett.sieMblH .n;nsr Bbipall(HBaHH.sI QBeTOB H CBe}KY!X
    npo,n;yI 3pettH5l 3TO caMblH ,n;ellleBbIH, HO, O son.a ttepaBHOMeptto pacnpocrpatt.sieTrn no 1 opollleHHH HH>KHAA qaCTb (01 B03,n;yxa (4%), a sepxtt.si.si rpa.n;HeHT sna>Ir<.n:y opollleHHSIMH CKa Ha ,n;He ,n;o O HO B CKBepHOM Bnaroy,n;ep>KaHHH MHHepanbHOH BaTbl. HanpHMep. npH Cline
    BCaCblBaHH.sI 5 KHnonacKaneii: (BeCbMa HH3KOe .n:asneHHe) B MHHepanoBaTHOM
    cy6crpaTe son.a noKHBaeTrn.
    lfa-3a Toro 'ITO MHHepan&Ha.sI BaTa 6&1crpo BblCbIXaeT Ha nosepXHOCTH' Ha Hett
    6y,n;yT oca>K.n;aTbCSI conH, ecnH HX He CMbIBaTb CBe>KeH BO,ll;OH. l1TaK, nepe.n: HaMH
    npo6neMa: ecnH MbI xoTHM, rKeHH.sI coneii ee cne.n;yeT qacro opolllaT&, HO ecnH MbI TaK
    nocrynttM, TO B Hmr 3acroii: BO,ll;bl. 3Ha opollleHHe paCTBOpOM npH HH3KOH 3ne1KaHHe OTnO)({eHHSI coneii, HO co cnHBOM BO,ll;bl (nop.si.n;Ka 25% OT Bcero 06'beMa), KOTOpa.si yxo,n;HT
    B I 3TO, KOHe KOTOpbIH ,ll;HCKpe,n;HTHpyeT BCIO OTpacn&! H ell(e, no ttenoCTH>KHMblM ,n;n.si MeH.sI
    npwmttaM' MHHepaJibHa5l BaTa Bcer,n;a aCCOUHHpyeTCSI c OTKpblTbIMH CHCTeMaMH.
    MHttepanbHYIO BaTy MO>KHO Bnontte npHMeH.sITb B 3aMKHYThIX CHCTeMax c npw
    cnoco6neHHOH nn.si 3TOro opocHTenbHOH CHCTeMOH. EcnH napHHKOBaSI m-mycrpH5I
    ee He npHMeH.sieT, TO 3TO He 3Ha'!HT, 'ITO 3TO HeB03MO>KHO B ManbIX KOMHaTHbIX
    CHCTeMaX. EcnH Balli ,n;ypttOH BKyc Tpe6yeT npHMetteHH.sI MHHepanbHOH BaThi' TO
    nycrb 3TO npOHCXOLl,HT XOT5l 6hI B 3aMKHyTOH CHCTeMe!
    3enetthre BonopocnH H npoKaIOT npott3pacraTh tta
    MHHepanbHOH BaTe, Tai< 'ITO ee ny Men&qaii:111He qaCTHUbI, pa3,n;pa>KaIOll(He ,n;&1xaTen&Hble nyTH. IlpH pa6oTe c
    MHHepanbHOH BaTOH nonb3YHTeCb MaCKOH H nep Bbl3bIBaeT BocnaneHHe KO>KH). 3all(HTa He ,n;om1rna 6bITb cnHIIIKOM H30ll(peHHOH
    - XBaTHT H o6w-rnoro 111ap¢a.
    M1rnepan&HyIO Bary MOXKa.si, a HHOr.n:a ,n;a)({e .n;nsr TpeT&ero. Ecntt nepBbIH ypmKaii: He nocrpa.n;an OT naTorettoB, TOH
    tteT tteo6xo,n;HMOCTH ,n;enaTb crepttntt3aQHIO ttnH cattaQHIO. XopoI1Ia.s1,n;03a 3H3HMa

    72

    YV1nb51M TEKCbE

    c npoMbIBKOH -11 BCe MO>KHO TIOBTOp11Tb. Earn B nepBOM ypo>Kae 6hIJil1 KOpHeBbie
    rraTOreHhI, To ,z:i:a>Ke He nhITaI1Tech ee cTepmrn3oBaTh, a npoCTo Bhr6pachrnal1Te 11
    Ha•mHaI1Te co CBe>KeI1 napT11eI1! TioCJie Tpex ypo>KaeB nn11TbI TepsuoT cp113wieCK11e CBOHCTBa 11 He TO 'iT06bI CTaHOBJITCJl Henp11ro,z:i:Hb!Ml1 AJIJI Bbipa~11BaHl1Jl,
    a npocTO BbJAhIXaroTrn.

    naBOBble nopOAbl
    naBa 6bJBaeT pa3HaJI. B 3aBl1Cl1MOCTl1 OT BaIIIero MeCTOHaXO>K,ll;eHl1Jl, JiaBa MO}l(eT
    o6na..o:aTh pa3JIWiHhIMl1 CBOHCTBaM11. Knacc11cp11Kau;11JI naBbI 3aB11c11T OT co,z:i:ep>KaH11JI Cl1J111KaTOB. naBa O'ieHb nerKaJI ( +/- lr/CM3 ) 11 o6na..o:aeT BbICOKOH nop11CToCTblO (,no 80%). KaK npaB11Jio, 113 naBbI nonyqaeTrn xoporn11I1 cy6CTpaT, HO ecTb y
    Hee 11 He,noCTaTKl1. B 3aBl1Cl1MOCTl1 OT T11na JiaBa MO>KeT 6hITb 6onee 111111 MeHee
    rro,z:i:Bep>KeHa pa3'be,z:i:aro~eMy Bo3,z:i:efrcTBl1IO n11TaTeJibHoro pacrnopa, oco6eHHO
    np11 pH Hl1}1(e 6. naBa MO>KeT co,z:i:ep>KaTb 3Ha'il1TeJibHOe KOJ111'ieCTBO aJIIOMl1Hl1Jl,
    KOTOpbIH cnoco6eH BbI~eJia'i11BaTbrn B Til1TaTeJibHblH paCTBOp 11 nona,.o:aTb B pacTeHl1Jl. Brn 113pa11JibCKaJI napH11KoBaJI npoMbIIIIJieHHOCTb 11cnonb3yeT naBOBhIH
    cy6CTpaT, Ha3hIBaeMblH «rycpoM».

    neM3a
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    KOJI11qecTBO c,z:i:aBJieHHhIX ra3oB BhICBo6o>K)];aeTrn np11 BYJIKaH11'ieCKOM B3pbIBe.
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    06pa3yeTrn cTeKJIOBI1,ll;Hoe, o'ieHb nop11CToe 11 nerKoe se~eCTBO (B cpe,z:i:HeM 0,5
    r/cM'). I1eM3a BCTpeqaeTrn BO MHor11x yronKax M11pa, HO He Bee MecTOpo>K..o:eH11JI
    o6na..o:aroT OA11HaKOBOH 'il1CTOTOH. 0,z:i:Ho 113 JIY'iIIIl1X Haxo,z:i:11Trn B l1CJiaH,z:i:1111.
    l13MeJib'ieHHaJI AO pa3Hb!X pa3MepoB neM3a Haxo,z:i:11T MHO}l(eCTBO np11MeHeHl1H
    B CTpo11TeJibCTBe 11 BO MHor11x OTpacJIJIX npoMbIIIIJieHHOCTl1. B Ka'ieCTBe cy6CTpaTa neM3a o6na,.o:aeT TeM11 >Ke CBOHCTBaM11, 'iTO naBa. 0Ha JIBJIJieTrn 11HepTHhIM
    cy6CTpaTOM 6e3 6ycpepHbIX CBOHCTB. I1eM3a o6na,.o:aeT Hl13KOH BJiaroy,z:i:ep>Kl1Baro~eI1 cnoco6HoCThID. nyqrne Bcero ee np11MeHJITh B cMernx. 0Ha rnop11T qy,z:i:eca,
    npeBpa~aJI cy6CTpaT 113 KoKocoBoro BOJIOKHa B 6onee a3p11poBaHHYID 11 nernyro
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    npe,z:i:ornpaTl1T 3aCTOH BOAhI.El)

    nepn"1T
    I1epn11T TO>Ke JIBJIJieTrn cy6CTpaToM BYJIKaH11'ieCKoro npo11cxo>K)];eH11JI. OH npe,z:i:CTaBJIJieT co6o11 BYJIKaH11'ieCKoe cTeKno c BhICOKl1M co,z:i:ep>KaH11eM BOAhl. I1epn11T
    113MeJib'iaroT 11 Knacc11cp11u;11pyroT, nocne qero HarpesaroT ,no l000°C. Tio,z:i: ,z:i:aBneH11eM BOAJIHoro napa nepn11T Bcnyq11BaeTrn, yBeJil1'i11BaJI cBoi1 nepBoHa'iaJihHbIH
    ofueM OT 4 ,n;o 20 pa3. TionyqaeTrn cepo-6eJibIH, 11CKJIIO'i11TeJibHO nop11cTbIH, 3epHl1CThIH MaTep11an. '4aCT11l..J;bl B CMernx 6hIBaIOT pa3Jil1'iHbIX pa3MepoB. CaMbIH
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    3To nerIKHBaTb B 'ieTb1pe
    pa3a 6oJibIIIe BOAbl, 'ieM co6CTBeHHbIH Bee B OCHOBHOM BO BHyTpeHHHX nopax;
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    74

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    YV1nb71M TEKCbE

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    BemeeTBa H3 paeTBopa.
    3a HeKmoqeHHeM MeIUOqHOH KynbTHBaUHH (B 6onbIUHX MeIUKaX, no.n;BeIUeHHblX
    K BepxHeMy KapKaey TennHUbI), nepnHT pe,n:KO Henonb3yeTrn 8 LJ:HeTOM BH,n:e.
    I1po6neMa B TOM, LJ:TO npH Henonb30BaHHH Ha nOTKe nepnHT BCnnbrnaeT BO
    BpeM.si opoeHTenbHoro UHKna. B noMemeHHH KaK ey6npaT OH 6eenone3eH, HO
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    nepeea,nHTb qepeHOK B eHeTeMy e o6Ha>KeHHblMH KOpH.sIMH, TO TYT 3TO eBOHeTBO
    nepnHTa roBOpHT Bero nonb3Y. ,ll,n.sI pa3MHO)KeHH.sI nepnHT 3aLJ:aCTyID eMeIUHBaIOT
    e BepMHKynHTOM B nponopuHH 2/3 nepnHTa Ha 1/3 BepMHKynHTa. TiepnHT TaroKe
    BXO,!J;HT B 6ecqHcneHHble noqBeHHhle H 6ecnoqBeHHbie eMeeH. KaK H B cnyqae
    MHHepanbHOH BaTbl, ernH HeT naToreHOB, TO JJ:OCTaTOqHO npononoeKaTb nepnHT, BHeCTH JJ:03Y 3H3HMOB H MO>KHO noBTOpHO ero Henonb30BaTb. Tioene napbl
    ypmKaeB, nepnHTTep.sieT eBOID npyKTYPY' Hero y)J(e He rnen;yeT Henonb30BaTb. K
    rnMy )J(e, Bo.n;opocnH o6o)J(aIDT nepnHT H o6pa3yIDT Ha HeM npoTHBHbIH 3eneHbIH
    cnoH. Cne.n;oBaTenbHO, npH ero Henonb30BaHHH B qHCTOM BH,n:e.n;n.si pa3MHO)J(eHH.sI
    nyqIUe Beero HaKpbITb noTOK nnaeTHKOBOH nneHKOH.

    BepM111Ky11111T
    BepMHI Ero H3MenbqaIDT H HarpeBaIDT .no l000°C. Bo.n;a npeBpamaeTC.sI B nap H cpopMHpyeT
    xnonb.sI HnH 3epHa oqeHb nerKoro MaTepHana. Pa3Mepbr LJ:aernu .n;oeTHraIOT 2-8 MM,
    B 3aBHeHMOeTH OT KnaeeHcpHKaUHH. TinOTHOeTb o6pa30BaHHOro HMH ey6npaTa
    Beero 0' lr/eM3 • [nHHHeTbIH MaTep Han HMeeT BeebMa HeHTpanbHblH pH (7- 7' 5)'
    HO HeeeT OTpHUaTenbHblH 3apH.n; H BeTynaeT BO B3aHMo,n:eHeTBHe e KaTHOHaMH
    paeTBopa. Mmr 6onbIUOe KOnHqeerno BOJJ:bl (B 3-4 pa3a 6onbIUe CBoero Beea). BepMHKynHT OTHoeHTenbHO nerKO pa3naraeTe5l:. Cne.n;oBaTenbHO, Henonb30BaTb ero B qHeTOM BH,n:e
    MO)J(HO TOnbKOJJ:n5i npopacraHH5i HnH yKopeHeHH5i qepeHKOB. C.n;pyroH cropOHbl,
    OH none3eH B eMeeHx. En

    rpae111!71
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    Ha Hero TpaTHnrn; Tor.na MO)J(HO npoern Boenonb30Banrn no,nHO)KHbIM rpaBHeM
    HnH r rpaBHH ro,n:HTrn. Hy)J(eH rpaBHH pa3MepoM 4-10 MM, KOTOpbIH He ,neHernyeT Ha
    pH H He BbICB06o.>K.n;aeT MHHepanbI B paCTBOp. OH ,D;On>KeH 6bITb OKpyrnbIM, qrnfar
    He noBpe,D;HTb He)J(Hble I Tpe6oBaHH5l:M, TO H3 Hero nonyqHTrn HOpManbHblH ey6npaT. y Hero BOo6me He
    6y,neT Bnaroy.n;ep}l 3TOH >Ke npHqHHe ero cne,nyeT npHMeHHTb TOnbKO B eHeTeMax nepHO,D;HLJ:ee1<0ro
    3aTonneHH5i, r.n;e Beeb I eCTb CBOH JJ:OCTOHHCTBa npH npOH3BOJJ:eTBe. E.n;HHCTBeHHbIM cepbe3HblM He,noCTaTKOM HBnHeTrn Bee TaKoro cy6crpaTa. Ofo,eMHaH nnOTHOeTb ero OKono 1,5 r/CM 3 , H

    76

    YV1flb71M TEKCbE

    rrepeTaournaTb ero c MeCTa Ha MeCTO TIDI ero OTHOCHTeJibHO nen
    necoK
    Bee 3HaIOT, qTo Tar
    2 MM. B OCHOBHOM

    rrecoK COCTOHT H3

    KBapQa, CTa6HJihHOro MHHepana, KOTOpbIH Bhlnep)l(HBaeT HCIThlTaHHe BpeMeHeM
    H arpecCHIO MHHepanoB, pacrBopeHHhIX B ITHTaTeJibHOM pacrBope. Ilecor< 6bIJI
    onHHM H3 rrepBblX cy6crpaTOB Ha 3ape rHnporroHHKH. B Hallie BpeMJI rrecoK MaJIO
    HCITOJih3yeTC5l, TaK KaK cy6crpaT H3 Hero rronyqaeTCJI HeBa)KHhlH. 06neMHa5l
    ITJIOTHOCTh rrec1
    1%. HHqero rrpHBJieKaTeJihHoro. KpyrrHo3epHHCThIH rreco1< (0,2 -

    2 MM) HeMHoro

    nyqIIIe. OnHaKO onHo H3 rrpeHMyll\eCTB rreCKa - 3HaqHTeJibHaJI XHMHqeCKaJI HeilTpaJibHOCTh. OH MO)KeT OKa3aThC5I ITOJie3eH B CMeCH' 1 BJiaroeMKOCTh cy6CTpaTa, HO 3TO He oqeHh rrpoCTo, TaK KaK rrecoK BhmanaeT Ha
    ,[\HO KOHTeHHepa.

    BcnyL1eHHb1e rn111HS1Hble 0KaTb1w111 (KepaM3VIT)
    ,[\JIJI rrpHroTOBJieHHJI 3TOro cy6CTpaTa rJIHHY cpopMyIOT B OI B rreqH rrpH BhlCOKOH TeMrrepaType (1200°C); ra3hl paCIIIHp5IIOTCSI H o6pa3yIOT B
    rJIHHe rropbI. Pa3Mepbl OKaThIIIIeH nnJI cy6CTpaTa 4-8, 8-16 MM HJIH CMeCb Toro
    H npyroro. fJIHHhl He 6brnaIOT onHHaKOBhIMH. I1JIOTHOCTh MO)l OT 0,5 no 6onee

    1 r/CM3 •

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    pH

    7H

    He o6nanaIOT 6ycpepHOH crroco6HOCThIO. OHH 6brnaIOT OKpyrnoHQA HJIH

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    pe)r HHorna KOpHqHeBhie TaioKe MoryT pacTH Ha cy6CTpaTe. 0HH 6ynyT COCTJI3aThCSI
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    06o)J()l pH IlHTaTeJihHOro paCTBOpa. 3To He TaK y)l( cepbe3HO nnJI CHCTeM c 60JihlllHM

    78

    YV1nb51M TEKCbE

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    He,zi:oCTaTOK KepaM3HTa B TOM, t.ITO OH He JlBJIJleTrn 611aronpmlTHOH cpe,zi:oH ,zi:ml
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    BOJIOKHa ( +/-10%).

    Op2aHul1ecKue cy6cmpambt
    TopcpflHOill MOX
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    14 ThIOlt.I JieT Ha3a,zi:.

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    noJIOChI TOJIIIJ;HHOH

    10-20

    CM, KOTOphre 3aTeM cyIIIaT. TopcpSIHhie MXH pa3JIHt.IHhI

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    CMernx, 3at.raCTyro B COt.IeTaHHH c neCKOM H cyrnHHKaMH, c BHeCeHHeM opraHHKH
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    nHTaTeJihHhix seIIJ;ecrn.G EMKOCTh KaTHOHHoro o6MeHa (CEC) noKa3hIBaeT KoJIHt.recrso KaTHOHOB, KOTOpbre ,zi:aHHhIH cy6CTpaT MO)!(eT y,zi:ep)KHBaTb H o6MeHHBaTh. 3TO no,zi:cKa3bIBaeT HaM, HaCKOJlhKO cy6CTpaT 6y,zi:eT B3aHMO,neHCTBOBaTb c
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    ,zi:Hana30He B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT CTa.UHH pa3JIO)l(eHHJl. l.JeM 6oJibIIIe pa3JIO)!(eHHe
    rnpcpa, TeM 6oJihIIIe HOH006MeH H XHMHt.reCKOe B3aHMO,neHCTBHe c nHTaTeJibHhIM
    pacrnopoM. Bee BHAhI rnpcpa 0611a,zi:aroT 6oJihllIOH BJiaroeMKOCThlO H OKHMaIOTOl
    npH opoIIIeHHH. TI03TOMY. a TaK)l(e 611aro,zi:apSI CBOeH KHCJIOTHOCTH HX HeJib3Jl
    HCnOJih30BaTb B t.IHCTOM BH,zi:e B ropIIIKax, a TOJlhKO B MaJihIX KOJIHt.recrsax AJIJI
    yKopeHeHHJl t.repeHKOB H npopaIIJ;HBaHHJl ceMJIH.
    Mox ccparnyM (He nyTaTb c rnpcpSIHhIM MXOM) - 3TO )KHBhie pacreHHJI, npOH3pacTaIOIIJ;He Ha 60110Tax, KOTOphre npesparnTrn B rnpcp norne HaKon11eHHJI H pa3JIO)!(eHHJI. CcparHyM npe,zi:CTas11eH MHO)!(eCTBOM BHLJ:OB. B cyxoM npeccosaHHOM
    BH.[\e OH npe,zi:craBJIJieT L\eHHOCTh B CMernx, oco6eHHO eCJIH pH HMeeT TeH,zi:eHL\HlO
    K poCTy. 113 Hero TaIOKe no11yt.raeTrn OTMeHHhIH cy6crpaT AJIJI paCTHTeJibHhIX
    CTeHOK HJIH KapKaCOB.

    80

    .QPOnOHV1KA .Qn71 BCEX

    KoKocoea~

    Kolllpa

    3TOT cy6CTpaT rDTOBS!T H3 KOKOCOBOH CKOpnynhI. OH S!BJIS!eTrn no60l.J:HbIM npo.:lYKTOM nocne OT,ll;eJieHHS! H c6opa BOJIOKOH .ll:lIS! H3rDTOBJieHHS! MHO>KeCTBa TOsapoB - sepesoK, noJIOBHKOB, seHHKOB H T.n. OTXO.ll:hl npe.nCTaBJISIIOT co6ofr cop,
    KOpOTKHe BOJIOKHa H «MJ!KOTb» CKOPJIYilbI, TaK Ha3bIBaeMyIO «cep.n11eBHHY"· Ha
    KOTOpyro npHXO,ll;HTC.S! OKOJIO 25% CKOPlIYilhI. 3TH ocraTKH BhICynmBaIOT H cnpecCOBblBaIOT B 6pHKeThI, IlJIHTbI HJIH rpaHyJihI. OtTheM pacnmpeHHS! OKOJIO

    6.

    1 Kr

    cnpeccoBaHHOro MaTepHana.naeT oKono 14JIHipOB cy6crpaTa.~ He rne.nyeT nyTaTb
    3TOT cy6CTpaT c .npyrHM npo.nyKTOM KOKOCOBoro npoHCXO>K):(eHHS!: B 3TOM rnyqae
    cKopnyny, BOJioKHa H Ko:Hpy Hape3aroT KpynHbIMH KYCKaMH H nony4aeTCS1 snonHe
    CHOCHaSI MyJibl.J:a, HO, y:>r< I I1po6JieMbI c KOKOCOM B03HHIr BbIMal.J:HBaIOT B COJieHOH BO,ll;e ,ll;JISI npH,ll;aHH.S! eH 60JibIIIeH M.SlrKOCTH, l.J:T06hI ee
    nerqe 6brJio nepepa6aTbrnaTh. EoJihIIIaSI 4aCTh KOKOCa npoH3pacraeT Ha 6eperax
    OKeaHOB B Ol.J:eHh COJieHOH cpe.ne. I13-3a BbICOKOrD COJiep:>KaHHS! COJIH IrKeHH.Sl
    COJieH. Ho KOKOC IlOMaeTrn 06pa60TrKHO o6MeHS!Tb HOH HaTpHS! Ha HOH
    KaJibl\HSI nocpeJJ;CTBOM npo11ecca, aHaJIOrHl.J:HOrD (Ho npoTHBOilOJIO:>KHOro) npo1.(eccy. npOHCXOJI.SHI~eMy B 6bITOBOM CMS!r4HTeJie BO,ll;bl. TaKOH nepepa6oTaHHbIH
    KOKOC MO:>KHO BbffO,ll;HO HCilOJib30BaTb B 3aMKHYTOH CHCTeMe. ECJIH co.nep:>r COJIH B KOKOCe HeH3BeCTHO, MO:>KHO nposecTH nepepa6oTr ace Ol.J:eHb npoCTO. ,ll,oCTaTOl.J:HO paCTBOpHTb npHropIIIHIO HHTpaTa KaJihl\HSI (H3
    Mara3HHa .ll:ll.Sl ca;::i;OBO,ll;OB) B se.npe BO,ll;bI H norpy3HTb ry.na KO KOC. BbI,ll;ep:>r HeKOTopoe speMSI, nepeMeIIIHBa.sr HHor.n;a, 3aTeM xoporneHbKO npoMbITh. I1 see!
    KOKOC rDTOB K HCilOJib30BaHHIO H He npH'IHHHT BaM Hey.no6CTB.
    KOKOCOBblH cy6CTpaT

    (cocopeat) o6na;::i;aeT TaKHM nmpOKHM ,ll;Hana30HOM pH H

    3JieKTponpoBO,ll;HOCTH, l.J:TO yrKHo 3aMOl.J:HTb ropCTb KOKOCa B CTar H3MepHTb pH H npoBO,ll;HMOCTb BO,ll;bI. OT.na:HTe npe.nnol.J:TeHHe MaKCHMaJibHO
    HeHTpaJibHOMY KOKOCy c MHHHMaJibHOH npoBO,ll;HMOCTbIO.
    )J,a)Ke norne o6pa60TKH KOKO( 6y.neT B3aHMO,ll;eHCTBOBaTb c IlHTaTellhHbIM semeCTBOM, y.nep:>r
    Mg),

    Tar< 'ITO BbI6Hpa:HTe COCTaB

    IlHTaTeJibHOro paCTBOpa c yqeTOM 3TOro.

    113 KOKoca no11y4aeT01.l{o6poTHbIH cy6crpaT.

    Ero opraHHl.J:ec1<0e npoHcxo>K):(eHHe

    0611erqaeT HHTIJO.ll:YKI.\HIO noJie3HbIX MHKpoopraHH3MOB. Hx B03,ll;eHCTBHe, HecoMHeHHO, 6naronpH.SlTHO. B TenJIHl\aX BCero MHpa KOKO( HCilhIThIBaeTC.S! Ha pMe
    KYJihTyp, osome:H H .n;eKopaTHBHhrx paCTeHHH. OH 3aqacry10 oCTaBJISieT nman11
    .n;pyrHe cy6CTpaTbI. O.nHaKo, Ha MOH B3rl1Jl.ll:, OH y.nep:>r BJiarH.

    5I npe.nnol.J:HTaIO npHMeHS!Th ero B CMernx c KepaM3HTOBhIMH OKaTbIIIIaMH

    HJIH .npyrHMH 6onee cyxHMH cy6CTpaTaMH.

    81

    Yl!lnb51M TEKCbE

    OnvinKvi
    OnHJIKH B HeKOTopml creneHH onpaB,ll;hIBaIDT ce6SI B CMernx 11 peX BH,n;e. 3TO AOJI.>KeH 6hITh KOMIIOCT l13 OilHJIOK TBep,ll;hlX nopo.n; .n;peBeCHHhl BO H36e}KaHHe qmTOTOKCI1L[HOCTl1. 3TO JierKaSI cpe.n;a c Hl13KOH IlJIOTHOCThID (OKOJIO
    150 r/JI) c BhlCOKHM COOTHOllieH11eM B03AYllIHOH nopHCTOCTH, HO oqeHh Hl13KOH
    BJiaroeMKOCThID l1 Tpe6yeT qacroro oporneHHSI, oco6eHHO B }KapKOM KJIHMaTe.
    OnHJIKH HMeIOT pH, npH6JIH)KaIDll.\HHCSI K HeHTpanhHOMY' l1 oqeHh Hl13KYID
    npoBO,ll;HMOCTh.

    ,/Jjrn OIIHJIOK Tpe6yeTCSI 6oraThlH a30TOM Il11TaTeJihHhlH paCTBOp,

    TaK KaK OHH CKJIOHHhl ynaBJIHBaTh 3TOT 3JieMeHT. ECJI11 Bbl npmK11BaeTe B MeCTHOCTH, r.n;e MO)l(HO AOCTaTh KOMilOCT OilHJIOK, TO OHH 6yii:yT IIOJie3Hhl B CMeCH c
    6orree BJia>KHhlM cy6crpaTOM.

    y OIIHJIOK l1 y

    KOI
    qTO OHH opraHHqec1<0ro npOHCXO}J<,ZJ:eHHSI H, rne,n;oBaTeJihHO, 6rraronpHSITHhl MSI
    MI1KpoopraHH3MOB.

    npo4ue
    5ecnOLIBeHHble CMeCVI
    EecnoqBeHHhle CMeCH 6bIBaIOT pa3HhlX THIIOB. B Hanm AHH HX B npo.n;a)JKe
    OHH BCTpeqaIOTCSI B CMeCH MHHepanoB l1 opraH11Kl1. KaK npaBHJIO, B HX COCTaB
    BXO,ll;l1T 6orree ABYX KOMIIOHeHTOB. Bee BhillienepeL£HCJieHHhle MaTep11aJihl MoryT 11
    HCIIOJih3YIDTCSI B 6ecIIOL£BeHHhlX cMernx. Bbl MO>KeTe COCTaBHTh CBOID co6CTBeHHYID
    CMeCh l1 .n;o6HThCSI OT 3TOro cy6crpaTa Hy>KHhlX BaM CBOHCTB. 1IHL£HO SI npe.n;noL[l1TaIO CMech c onpe.n;erreHHhlM co.n;ep>1 6naronpHSITeH AJISI rrp01.-1BeTaHHS1 6a1KHBaIOT MHOro BO,ll;hl; ecrrH Bbl no.n;aeTe CJIHIIIKOM MHOro
    80,ll;hl' TO CMeCh nepeHaChlTHTCSI eIO. l1 Bbl He CMO)KeTe IIOJil1BaTh ee c Heo6xo.n;HMOH
    peryrrSipHOCThID. I10::1rnMy no.n;6epHTe CMech, l co.n;ep>KHT .n;ocraTOqHo opraHHKH. BOT HeCKOJihKO npHMepoB:

    7

    70 - 75% KepaM3l1TOBhlX OKaTb1IIIeH, 8-16 H 25-30% KOKOCOBhlX BOJIOI
    7

    80% neM3hl, 10% Topct>a, 10% KOKOCOBhlX BOJIOKOH;

    7

    60% JiaBOBhlX nopo.n;, 10% KpyIIH03epHI1CTOro necKa, 10% KOMIIOCTa OITHJIOK,
    20% KOKOCOBhlX BOJIOI
    (MeCh ,ll;OJI)J AO 4-5 pa3 3a CBeTOBOH I.\HKJI.

    BoAa
    Kor.n;a cy6crpaTa HeT, Bo,n;a rny>1<11T o,n;HoBpeMeHHO H n11TaTeJihHhlM pacrBopoM, H
    CBoeo6pa3HhlM cy6crpaTOM. I1JIOTHOCTh npeCHOH BO,ll;hl paBHa e,n;HHl1I.\e (1JIHTP=1
    Kr). 3TO OTHOCHTeJihHO TSl)KeJihlH cy6crpaT' qTo MO)KeT BhI3BaTh 3aTpy,n;HeHHSI Ha
    60Jihilll1X ycraHOBKax, r.n;e Tpe6yeTCSI MHOro BOAhI. 3TO .>KHAKOCTh, qepe3 KOTopyID

    82

    YV1Jlb5!M TEKCbE

    KOpHH rrpopaeTaIOT 6e3 Tpy.n;a, 3KOHOMSI 3HeprHIO .n;n.sr poeTa. Ot.J:eBH,D;HO, BO,n;a He
    o6na.z:i;aeT rropaMH, HO co,n;ep>KHT 3Hat.J:HTenhHhrii: rrpou;eHT paCTBopeHHoro KHenopo.n;a. C rroBhrIIIeHHeM TeMrrepaTypbr co,n;ep>r 9,1 Mr/n rrpH 20°C. 3TO ycno:>I TeMrrepaTypbl !}lH3HOnornqeeKa.sr .n;e.srTenhHOCTb paCTeHHH pe3KO aKTHBH3HpyeTrn,
    H COOTBeTCTBeHHO B03paCTaeT HX IIOTpe6HOCTb B KHrnopo.n;e. Bee rrpoeTO: KOpHSIM
    BO,n;a, HaebIIl\eHHaH rucnopo,n;oM, rrpe,n;CTaBn.sieTCSI nerKOH, xopOIIIO a3pHpOBaHHOH
    IIOt.J:BOH; Bo,n;a 6e3 KHrnopo,n;a ,n;eii:eTByeT KaK yTpaM60BaHHbIH. 3a6onot.J:eHHbIH
    rpyHT, eMepTenbHhIH ,n;n.sr KopHeii:. I1p11 TeMrrepaTypax BhIIIIe 30°C rrpo.n;omr HOpManbHO tPYHKIJ;HOHHpoBaTb TOnbKO .llHHaMHt.J:Ha.sI eHeTeMa.

    c TOt.J:KH 3peHHSI XHMHH BO,n;a TO:>Ke HeTHIIHt.J:HbIH ey6eTpaT - rron.srpHoe Bell\eCTBO.
    3To 03Hat.J:aeT, t.J:TO Bo,n;a paCTBop.sreT qaeTHIJ;hI e 3neKTpHt.IeeKHMH 3ap.sr,n;aM11. Enaro.n;ap.sr 3TOMY rnoii:eTBY BO.llhI Ha 3eMne eeTb>KH3Hh. EonbIIIa.sr qaeTb, ecn11 He Bee
    611onor11t.J:eeK11e pear BO,llbI paCToop.srTb MHHepanbHhle con11 Ha rrepBHt.J:Hhre 3neMeHThr pacreHHSI erroco6HhI HX rrornOil\aTb. KaK TOnbKO eonH paCTBopeHbI, Bo.z:i;y MO>KHO et.J:HTaTb BIIOnHe
    Heii:TpanbHbIM ey6crpaTOM - B TOM eMbICne, '-ITO OHa He eBSI3bIBaeT O,D;HH 3neMeHT
    eHnbHee, t.J:eM .n;pyro:H. 0,n;Har BhIIIa.z:i;aTb 113 paCTBopa farCTpee ,n;pyrHX. Bo,n;a erroco6Ha 6y!}lep11poBaTb Terrno; ee
    TeMrrepaTypa MeH.sreTrn Me,n;neHHee, t.J:eM TeMrrepaTypa B03,n;yxa. 0,n;Har KaKoe-rn BpeM.sr TeMrrepaTypa BO.llbl 11 B03.n;yxa BbrpaBHHBaeTrn. B cne.n;yroru;eii:
    rnaBe, Kor.n;a MbI 6yn;eM roBopHTb 0 BO,n;e KaK 0 HOeHTene IIHTaTenbHbIX Bell\eeTB,
    SI IIO.llp06Hee OCTaHOBnIOeb Ha ee CBOHeTBaX.

    84

    DPOnOHl!lKA Dfl5!

    BCEX

    rnaaa3
    nMTaTenbHblM paCTBOp
    - ao"a, nMTaTenbHble
    ae~ecTaaM

    cl>MnbTpa .... MJI

    Tenepb nepexo,D,11M K O"KHOH rnaBe. Do aHanor1111 c M11poM KOMilhIOTepoB, ecntt r11,D,pOilOHHa.sI Cl1CTeMa 11 cy6CTpaT - 3TO annapaTHbie cpe,ACTBa, TO
    CTHTaTenhHbIH paCTBOp - nporpaMMHOe 06ecnet.reH11e. HaM 113BeCTHO. t.rTO He Bee
    KOMilblOTepHbie nporpaMMbI ¢yHK~l10H11py10T paBHO~eHHO, 11 OLJ;Hl1 pa60TaIOT
    :1yt.rrne ,upyr11x. K TOMY >Ke pa3nl1t.rHhre 3a,D,a t.r11 Tpe6yroT pa3n11t.rHhIX nporpaMM.
    Bo,D,a - xoporn11H: HOCl1Tenh Ill1TaTenhHhIX Bew:ecTB ,D,ml paCTeHl1H' HO, KaK Mbl
    YBl1.D.11M, n11TaTenhHhIH paCTBop co,D,ep:>KttT ropa3,D,O 6onhrne, t.reM Bo,D,a 11 ,D,o6aBKl1
    Ml1HepanhHhIX coneH:. Ho cnepBa MhI nor0Bop11M o BO,D,e.

    Boo a
    Bo,D,a - nro6onhITHoe Bew;eCTBo, o6na,ll;arow:ee Tar
    y .D.pyr11x

    Bew:ecTB. Hanp11Mep, BO,D,a - O,ll,HO 113 HeMHOr11x Bew;eCTB, KOTopoe

    3aHl1MaeT 6onhrne MeCTa np11 3aMep3aHl111, t.reM B :>Kl1,D,KOM COCTOSIHl111 (BO,D,a 3a xBaTbIBaeT ny3hiphKl1 B03,D,yxa). Enaro,D,apsi: 3ToMy ne,D, nnaBaeT B Bon;e, co3,D,aBasi:
    ne,D,OBhIH IlOKpOB, 3aW:11Il\aIOw;11H: OCTanhHYIO BO.D.Y OT 3aMep3aHl1SI. Ecn116hI

    ne,D,

    ToHyn, TO o3epa npeBpaw:an11ch 6hr B Macey cnnornHoro nh,D,a .D.O caMoro ,D,Ha. Ee3
    >KilllKOH BO,ll,bl HeT >Kl13HH! Bee Xl1Ml1t.reCKl1e pearn1111, KOTOpbie Mbl Ha3bIBaeM
    :>Kl13Hhl0, npoHCXO,D,SIT B BO,D,e. KTO He 3HaeT Xl1MI1t.recr
    H20! To

    f.D MoneKynbl BO,ll,bl HaXO,ll,SITCSI

    B IlOCTOSIHHOM ,D,BH:>KeHl1H' 11 aTOMbl BO,D,opo,D,a CBSI3aHbI c Kttcnopo,D,OM Henpo Il03TOMY MOner
    nerKo 06MeH11BaIOTCSI CBOl1M BO,ll;OpO,ll;OM Me)!(Jly co6o:ii:

    11n11 c Apyr11MH Bew;ecrnaM11. TaK:>Ke 113-3a 6onhrnoH: pa3Hl1~hI s pa3Mepax Me>K.Liy
    arnMaM11BO,D;opo,D;a11 K11cnopo,D;a o6pa3yeTCSI

    89

    yron Me>K,IJ;y arnMaM11 BO,D;opo,D,a,

    YV1Jlb5!M TEKCbE

    H MOJ1€KYl1bl BOAhl rrorryt.raIOT 3Jl€KTpHt.reeKHH 3apSIA. ErraroAapSI 3TOMy, BOAa
    BCTynaeT B peaKUHH co MHOrHMH BeW:eCTBaMH •
    .[(llSI Hae Ba>KHbl TaKHe xapaKTepHeTHKl1 BOAbl, KaK pH, ll.1;€110t.IHOCTb, >K€CTKOeTb
    11 eOl1€HOCTh.

    pH-cpaKTop
    B Ka)!(,[lblH MOM€HT BpeMeHM H€3Hat.Il1T€11bHO€ KOJ1Ht.I€CTBO MOl1€KYl1 B0Ahl (2Ha10
    MHJil111apAOB!) paeIIaAaIOTCSI Ha AB€ 3apSI>K€HHbl€ t.IaCTMJ_\bl ff. Off (np11Met.IaH11e
    MSI peBHHT€Jl€H t.IHCTOH HayKH: SI 3HaIO, t.ITO B AeHCTBHT€11hHOCTl1 AeJio o6CTOHT
    HeeKOl1bKO CllO>I BHAe). A66peBMaTypa pH 03Hat.raeT potential hydro9en (noTeHQHaJihHhlH BOAOPOA)
    HJIH nrna BOAOPOAa (oTeIOAa H rrpon11eHaS1 «p» l1 3arnasHaSI «H»). pH l13MepsreT
    OTHOel1T€11bHYIO KOHU€HTpaUHIO l10HOB H. l1 OH- B BOA€. lleM 60J1blll€ H·, T€M
    Kl1Cl10THee BOAa; t.reM 6orrhllle OH (MeH1>Ille H•), TeM BOAa 6011ee w;enot.rHasr. lllKarra
    pH eOCTOHT 113 14 €AHHHU (OT 0 AO 14). rne 0 COOTBeTernyeT MaKeHMallhHOH Kl1cJIOTHOCTl1, 7- HeiiTpa1IhHOCTl1, a 14- MaKeHMallhHOH w:e110t.IHOCTH.
    0t.I€Bl1AHO, t.ITO B t.Il1CTOH BOA€ KOlll1t.IeeTBO HOHOB H+ l1 0H-ypaBHOB€Ill€HO; 3TO
    H€HTpa1IhHblH pH l111H pH 7. Tip11 yseJil1t.I€Hl111 H+ IIOBhIIlla€TCSI Kl1eJIOTHOeTb,
    rrpH yseJIHt.I€Hl1l1 oH- IIOBbllllaeTCSI W:€JIOt.IHOCTb. KHC110Ta - 3TO eO€Al1H€Hl1€,
    KOTopoe BhlA€JlSI€T HOHbl H· np11 pacrsopeHl1l1. lll,eJIOt.Ih B paCTBOpe BblA€11Sl€T
    l10Hhl Off. rrpoeTbl€ rrp11Mepb1:

    7

    COl1SIHaSI Kl1el10Ta, HCl, pacna,o:aeTeSI Ha H. l1 cl-(XJIOPl1A);

    7

    Kaycrnt.reeKaSI eoAa, NaOH, pacna,o:aeTCSI Ha Na• (HaTp11ii) l1 Off
    (rl1APOKel111hHaSI rpyrrna).

    pH7= 0,001 YaCTeill Ha MlllflnlllOH

    (H')

    H+
    K111cn0Ta

    HempanbHoCTb

    ~eno~b

    KaycrnK

    Pa3be.Qa10ll.lee

    ,qelilcrn111e:
    pacrnop5!eT

    MblflO
    He 3MYllbCllllll

    Merannbl

    Ern11 B3fJISIH}'Th Ha npHB€A€HHYIO Bblllle Ta61111uy. TO CTaHeT IIOHSITHO, not.reMy
    lllKalla l1M€€T 14 A€Jl€HHH OT 0 AO 14. B t.Il1CTOH BOA€, npH Heiirpa11hHOM pH,
    KOHJ_\€HTpau11sr H. COCTaBl1Sl€T 1x10-1 Ha 11111Tp. Terrepb IIOHSITHO OTKyAa B3SIrraeb eeMepKa? aKTl1t.IeeKl1 t.Il1eJIO pH yKa3blBa€T Ha KOHJ_\€HTpaumo l10HOB H+ B
    pacrsope. Tip11 pH 6, 1 x 10-E H' l1 T .A. EepeTCSI 3KenoHeHTa, oT6pae1>rnaeTCSI 3HaK
    MHHye, l1 Bbl nonyqaeTe B€11l1t.IHHY pH. 0.UHOH Ba>I llIKallbl, KOTopasr l1M€€T Al1Sl Hae npaKTHt.IeeKOe 3Hat.I€Hl1e, SIBl1Sl€TCSI TO, t.ITO OHa
    rrpe,o:craBJISieT co6oii norap11cpM11t.reeKy10 lllKany. A e t.reM ee €ASIT? Bee npoern - Ha
    KaJKAOH cryneHl1 IllKaJia B03pacraeT 111111 y6hrBaeT Ha OAl1H nopsr.o:oK. HanpHMep,
    npH pH 6 HOHOB H. B 10 pa3 00Jlblll€. t.IeM rrpH pH 7. rrp11 pH 5 HOHOB H. B 100 pa3

    90

    -111.[lPOnOHlllKA .[lfl51 BCEX

    6onbrne, tJ:eM npH pH 7 H T •.n;. 11, HanpoTHB, npH pH 8 HOHOB Off 6y.n;eT B 10 pa3
    6onbrne, tJ:eM npH pH 7. IlpH pH 9 HOHOB Off 6y.aeT B 100 6onbrne, tJ:eM npH pH 7
    11B10 pa3 6onbrne, tJ:eM np11pH8).

    Ta611l'1'-'a: WKana pH, npl4Mepb1

    I

    H+

    PH

    OH-

    l XlQO

    0

    l x 10-··

    l x10-•

    nPl-1MEP
    I

    aKKYMYll.RTOpHa.R KlllC/lOTa

    l

    l x 10-B

    l x 10-2

    2

    l x 10-12

    Jlll1MOHHblii1 COK, yKcyC

    l x10-•

    3

    l x]0-11

    ane/lbClllHOBbliil COK, KpaCHOe BlllHO

    l x 10-4

    4

    l x 10-10

    TOMaTHbliil COK

    l x 10-•

    s

    l x 10-9

    KOe, 6aHaH

    l x 10-•

    6

    l x 10-•

    · MOJlOKO, MOYa

    l x 10-7

    7

    l x 10-7

    npecHa.R BOAa

    l x 10-•

    cepHa.R KlllC!loTa

    MopcKa.R BOAa

    l x 10-•

    8
    g

    ix lo-•

    I

    l x 10-•

    n111Lljesa.R COAa

    I

    l x 10-

    3MYllbCll1.R MarHe3111111, paCTBOp

    10

    l x 10-•

    l xl0- 11

    11

    l x 10-•

    pacrnop aM Miiia Ka

    l x 10-12

    12

    MblllbHa.R BOAa

    l xl0-13

    13

    l x 10-2
    l x10-•

    or6e11111sare11b (pacrnop NaCIO)

    i

    l x 10-··

    14

    l x 10°

    ~K111ii1 LllelloK (pacrnop NaOH)

    I

    10

    I

    I
    I

    BEJ1l-1~l-1HA

    PH

    0

    --

    --

    KOHl.lEHTPAl.ll-1SI

    W OTHOCl-1TEJlbHO

    nPl-1MEP

    HElilTPAJlbHOlil BOAbl

    aKKYMYll.RTOpHa.R KlllCJlOTa

    10000000

    l

    1000000

    cepHa.R K111Cll0Ta

    2

    100 000

    JllllMOHHbliil COK, YKCYC

    3

    10000

    4

    1000

    aneJlbClllHOBbliil COK, COAa
    TOMaTHblii1 COK, K111CflOTHblii1 AO>K,D,b

    5

    100

    YepHbiiil KOe. 6aHaHbl

    6

    10

    MOYa, MOJlOKO

    7

    l

    n perna.R BOAa

    8
    g

    O,l

    MOPCKa.R BOAa . .Riilua

    O,Ol

    n111Lljesa.R COAa

    lO

    0,001

    5011bwoe coneHoe mepo, 3MYllbCll1.R
    . Marne3111111

    ll

    0,0001

    j

    12

    0,000 Ol

    pacrnop aMMlllaKa
    MblllbHa.R BOAa

    91

    YV1Jlb5!M TEKCbE

    JU143..

    :.=
    ·- .

    ~

    0,000 001

    ·------=-1

    I 0.0000001

    ___ _

    I

    m6enV1BaTe11b, OYVICTV1TenV1 .Qyxoso1<

    I >1
    B IlOBCe,n;HeBHOH }KM3HH BaM. B03MO}l(H0' 3TO }'X
    4 e.n;HHHIJ;:

    npH TaKOM pH y Bae B 1 MHTITIHOH

    pa3 6oTibl!le HOHOB H', t.IeM HOHOB OH-. Ot.IeBH,[\HO, nptt.n;eTeSI .n;o6aBHTb MHoro
    meTIO'-IH, npe>K,D;e t.IeM pH Hat.IHeT IlOBbilllaTbCSI. Ho KOr.n;a pH .n;oii.n;eT ,[\O

    6 e,n;H-

    HHIJ;, TO HOHOB H+ 6y.n;eT Bcero B 100 pa3 60Tibllle' HO Manora KOTIHt.IeCTBa menot.IH
    xBaTHT Ha.n;onro! I103TOMY 3at.IaCTyIO npH KoppeKTHpOBKe pH Hat.IHHaIOmHe
    nepexo.n;SIT HeKOMYIO qepTy. l!eM 6TIH>Ke IlO,[\XO,[\Hlllb K

    7' TeM MeHbl!le KHCTIOTbl

    HTIH menot.IH H}'X t.IT06bI B03bIMeTb .n;eiieTBHe. TI pH pH 5 H}'X ,[\TISI H3MeHeHHSI pH. 3TO O,[\Ha H3 npHt.IHH (noMHMO MHOrHX, 0 KOTOpbIX pet.Ib
    noii.n;eT HH)((e) IlO'-leMy pH B IIHTaTeTibHOM paCTBOpe Hy)((HO IlOMep>KHBaTb Ha
    IlOHH)l{eHHOM ypoBHe.

    L..UenOLf HOCTb
    Bo.n;a, KOTopasr Ha l!lKaTie pH HaXO,[\HTCSI B 30He oeHOB, Ha3bIBaeTrn menot.IHOH.
    113 ·3a exmKeeTH Ha3BaHHH MHOrHe He,[\OilOHHMaIOT pa3HHIJ;y Me>K,D;y BO,[\OH e
    OCHOBHbIM pH H menot.IHOeTbID.
    MO}((eT CTIO}((HTbCSI MHeHHe, '-ITO Bee BO,[\bl O,[\HHaKOBbIM o6pa30M pearttpy10T Ha
    npoeTbie 3aKOHbl pH, HO 3TO He TaK. Boo6me meTIO'-IHOeTb IlOKa3bIBaeT COBepllleHHO HHOe eBOHCTBO BO.L\bl, pH BO,[\bl. Jl(eTIO'-IHOCTb H3MepSieTrn KOTIHt.IeCTBOM KHCTIOTbl, Heo6xo.n;HMOH

    MS!

    ,[\OBe.n;eHHSI pH BO,L\bl ,[\O HeHTPaTibHOro. lilKana HMeeT .n;eneHHSI OT 0 (t.IHCTaSI Bo.n;a)
    ,[\O 5: HH3KaSI

    (0,5),

    HH3Ko-epe.n;HSISI (0,5- 2), epe.n;He-BbICOKaSI

    (2- 5),

    BbICOKaSI

    (> 5).

    E.n;HHHu;a H3MepeHHSI MHTITIH3KBHBaneHT/TIHTp (M3KB/TI). H ,[(a)Ke He IlbITaHTeeb
    B 3TOM pa36Hpanrn! TipH aHaTIH3e BO,[\bl 3TY BeTIH'-IHHY qacro Bbipa)KalOT KaK 3KBHBaneHTHOe eo.n;ep>KaHHe Kap6oHaTa KaTibl.l;HSI. B rH.n;porroHHKe MHHHMaTibHblH
    ypoBeHb aKTHBHOro 6ycpepHoro 3cpcpeKTa cocraBTISleT OKOTIO

    20

    Mr/n Kap6oHaTa

    KaTibIJ;HSI. 3.n;ecb B03HHKaeT Ba)KHOe ,[\TISI Hae IlOHSITHe: 6ycpep H 6ycpepHoe CBOH.
    eTBO. Eycpep- :no coe.n;HHeHHe, KOTOpoe IlOMep}((HBaeT eTa6HTibHOCTb pH, Kor.n;a
    Bbl .n;o6aBTISieTe B pacrBop KHCTIOTY HTIH oeHOBY. l1HbIMH CTIOBaMH, BaM noHa.n;o6HTCSI ropa3,[\0 60Tibl!le KHeTIOTbl ,[\TISI eHH}((eHHSI pH. ernH B BO,[\e MHOrO 6ycpepoB.
    Pa3yMeeTrn. eCTb npe.n;en. l136bITOK KHCTIOTbl npeBbICHT 6ycpepHyIO crroco6HOCTb
    paeTBopa, HO 6e3 6ycpepoB pH Bal!lero nHTaTeTibHoro paeTBopa 6y.n;eT HeynpaBnsreMblM. lIT06bI IlOHSITb, KaK pa6oTaeT 6ycpep, HaM npH.n;eTrn nepeHTH Ha SI3bIK
    HayKH. EOTiblllHHCTBO 6ycpepHbIX eBOHCTB B ecreCTBeHHbIX BO.n;ax B03HHKaIOT,
    6naro.n;apsr paeTBOpeHHbIM 3TieMeHTaM, KOTOpbie Ha3bIBaIOTCSI «Kap6oHaTaMH».
    OHH .n;eiieTByIOT no npaBHTiaM XHMHH HeopraHHt.IeCKoro yrnepo.n;a (yrnepo.n;a,
    He CBSI3aHHOrO e opraHHt.IecKOH MOTieKynoii). OHM o6pa3yIOTCSI, Kor.n;a BemecTBO,
    co.n;ep>Kamee yrnepo.n;, paeTBopsreTrn B Bop;e. 3To MO}((eT 6bITb rrpocro yrneKHCTibIH
    ra3 HTIH Kap60HH3HpoBaHHh!H MHHepan, qaern Kap6oHaT Kanbu;HSI, HOH Kap6oHaT
    MarHHSI, Kap6oHaT KaJIHSI, Kap6oHaT HaTpHSI HT.,[\.
    Bo3hMeM npoCTeHlllHH npHMep:
    Kor.n;a yrneKHCTibIH ra3 paeTBopsreTrn B Bo.n;e, o6pa3yeTrn yroJibHaH KHCTIOTa:

    92

    fVl,[\POnOHVlKA ,[\Jlll BCEX

    co,+ H20 = H2CO, (Kap6oHaT)
    YrrreKHCITblH ra3 + eo.na = yrorri.Haff KHCITOTa (Kap6oHaT)
    ..'.l;Ba BO,o:opo,o:a B HzC01 .SlBm!IOTrn pe3epBOM MOH OB H·.

    B 3aBMCMMOCTM OT pH yronb-

    HaR KHCJIOTa 6y,o:eT cra6IrnhHOM HJUI JIHlllHTCR O,O:HOro H3 BO,o:opo,o:oB:

    H.co. = H. + HCO.Yrorri.Haff KHCITOTa = HOH BOAOPOJla + HOH 6HKap6oHaTa
    PeaKu;1rn MO>KeT H rrpo,o:oJI>KaThrn:

    HCO,- = H• + COl"
    3TH peaKI.J;HH rrpoHeX0,0:5!T B 3aBHeHMOCTH OT pH H B o6oHx HarrpaBJieHH5!X (TO
    ecrh, OT

    co,-z K HiC01). Kor,o:a BhieBo6o>K,ZJ;aIOTrn 110Hhl H., OHH corrpOTHBJI5!IOTOI

    rrpeBpameHHIO pacrBopa B OCHOBaHHe; Kor,o:a 3TH HOHhl eHoBa 3axBaThrna10Trn,
    OHH corrpoTHBJIRIOTrn IIO,O:K!1cneHHIO. Ot.reBH,o:HO, TeM eaMhlM cra6HJIH3HpyeTrn
    pH.

    K CO>KaJieHHIO,

    Kap6oHaThl 6y¢>epttpyIOT pH Ha ypoBHe 7, t.{TO CJIHlllKOM Bbr-

    COKO ]])15! r11)J.ponOHl1Kl1. KaK COCTaBHTen11 n11TaTenbHblX BemecrB. Mbl )J.OIT:>KHhl
    )J.OOaBITSlTb npot.r11e 6y¢epbl, t.i:T06bl eABHraTb '3TOT 6ana.HC B CTOpOHY pH Ei.
    Mhr paccMaTpHBanH rrpHMep yrneKHcnoro ra3a, HO rrpot.i:He Kap6oHaThr pearupyIOT
    aHaJiorttt.i:HhIM o6pa3oM.
    ,/].JIR rrpocrOTbl 5! paecMaTpHBaJI 3,o:eci. TOJihKO Kap6oHH3HpoBaHHYIO meJIOt.fHOCTh.
    Ey¢>epHhIM 3¢>¢>eKTOM 06Jia;:i;a10T H HeKOTopbre ,o:pyrue coe,o:HHeHHH. ,/].JIH Hae aKTyaJibHhI ¢>oe¢>aTbl. CHJIHKaThl, HHTpaThr H pacroopeHHhIM aMMHaK. 06cy>K,ZJ;eHHe
    Hx xHMHt.reeKHX rno:i1:eTB 3aBe,o:eT Hae CJIHlllKOM ,o:aJieKo; rrpocro HY>KHO 3HaTh,
    t.fTO OHM HrpaIOT poJih, aHaJiorHt.i:HYIO Kap6oHaTaM.

    >KeCTKOCTb
    )KeCTKOCTh yKa3bIBaeT Ha KOJIHt.reeTBO paCTBOpeHHhIX B BO,O:e HOHOB KaJihU:H.Sl H
    MarnHR. Koma B Bo,o:e IIOBhillleHHOe co,o:ep>KaH11e KaJihU:H5! H MarHH5!' TaKYIO Bo,o:y
    Ha3hIBaIOT «>KeeTKOH BO,O:OH". TaKaR BO,o:a 06pa3yeT 6eJibIH HaJieT Ha KaeTpIOJie, B
    KOTopoii: KHIIRTRT Bo,o:y. TaKaR BO,O:a cylllHT KO>KY H Bpe,o:HT eii:, B Ta.KOH Bo,o:e He
    BerreHHBaeTrn MhIJIO HT .,0:. Bo MHO>KeeTBe cnyt.raeB co,o:ep>KaHHe MarHH5! COCTaBJIReT HHt.fTO>KHYIO ,O:OJIIO Bcex paCTBopeHHhIX MHHepaJIOB, H 113 rrpaKTHt.reCKHX
    eoo6pa)l(eHHi1 HM MO>KHO rrpeHe6pet.rb. Cpe,o:H MHOrHX paeTeHHeBO,O:OB 6hITyeT
    3a6Jiy>K,ZJ;eHHe, 6y,o:rn BhICOKHH ypoBeHb pH eCTb BepHblH rrpH3HaK>KeCTKOH BO,O:hl.
    ,/].d)lKeCTKHX BOA rrpueyTcrByeT
    IIOBhillleHHhIH pH, rrpRMOH 3aBHCHMOCTH Me.>K;J;y pH H >KeCTKOCTblO HeT. EoJiee
    Toro, 6oJihllIHHeTBO roponeKHX BOA HMeIOT pH, KOTOpbIH HeKyceTBeHHO IIOBhilllaIOT, t.i:T06bl 3amHTHTh Tpyfihl OT Koppo3HH. KaK rrpaBHJIO, HeJih3R IIOJiaraTbC5! Ha pH
    KaK Ha IIOKa3aTeJih >KeCTKOCTl1 BO,O:hl. MO>KHO o6paTHTbC.Sl B KOMIIaHHIO, KOTopa.sr
    OTBet.raeT 3a BaIIIe BO,O:OeHa6>KeHHe, t.i:T06bI OHH c,o:eJiaJIH aHaJIH3 co,o:ep>KaHHR
    MHHepaJIOB B BallleH BO,o:e HJIH orrpe,o:eJIHJIH CTerreHb >KeCTKOCTH. >KeCTKOCTh Bhrpa>KaeTrn BO MHOI'HX pa3HbIX e,D:HHHU:ax H3MepeHHR; ):\JI.SI Hanrnx ueJieii: ro,o:HTOl
    Mr/JI, HOB Jia6opaTopHhIX aHaJIH3ax t.racro BCTpet.raeTrn H .n;pyraR e,o:HHHua.
    TiepeH,o:HTe ITO eebIJIKe Ha B36eaHT, r,o:e MO>KHO HaHTH Y.ZJ:06HbIH rrpeo6pa30BaTeJih
    e.ZJ:HHHU H3MepeH11R: http://www.cactus2000.de/fr/unit/rnasswas.shtml. C ero
    IIOMOlll;hlO Bbl eMO>KeTe rrepeBeeTH JI106y10 e,o:HHHUy B MHJIJIHrpaMMbl Ha JIHTp.

    93

    Yl!lflb51M TEKCbE

    KaIThUHH scrpet.IaeTrn HaM s ropa3,no 6oITblllHX KOITHt.J:ecrsax, t.J:eM mo6oI1 ,npyroI1 3ITeMeHT, pacrsopeHHblH B so,ne. PaCTeHHH Hy>K,!l;aIOTCH B seebMa 6oITblllOM
    KOITHt.J:eCTBe 3TOro 3ITeMeHTa, TaK 4TO rrpo6ITeMhl B03HHKaIOT TOITbKO 1<0r,na ero
    co,nep>Katt11e t.Ipe3Meptto yseIT11t.J:11saeTrn. KaIThUHH 060>KaIOT 6h1crpopacryrn.11e
    O,[\HOITeTHHe paCTeHHH, KOTOpbIM ,[\ITH IIOITHOfO et.J:aeThH Hy>KHO 160-180 Mr/IT
    KaIThl.J;HH. B rrpo,na>Ke MO>KHO HaHTH IIHTaTeITbHOe sern.eCTBO t paeet.J:HTaHHOe ,nnH
    80,[\bl e BbICOKHM eo,nep>KaHHeM KaITbI.J;HH - «IIHTaTeIThHOe sern.eCTBO ,[\ITH }l BO,[\hl". Y6e.n11Teeb rrp11 rroKyrrKe B TOM' 4TO rrpo,nyKT eOOTBeTCTsyeT co,nep>KaHHIO
    KaIThl.J;HH B BallleH so,ne. HH B 1<0eM eITyqae HeITh3H IIOJib30BaTbeH eMHrt.J:HTeITeM
    80,[\hI; rrocne,nHHH 3aMeHHT KaITbl.J;HH Ha HaTpHH I1 6yneT ern.e xy>Ke! BMeeTO
    KITaee11t.J:ee1<0ro xnopH,na HaTpHH B eMHft.J:HTeITe BOD:bl MO>KHO rrpHMeHHTb xnop11n
    KaITHH. B 3TOM cnyqae Bbl o6MeHHBaeTe KaITbl.J;HH Ha KaITHH, pHeKyH Terrepb y>Ke
    nepe6oprn.HTb e KanHeM. Kottet.J:HO, t.J:eTI >KeCTKOH BO,[\OH HeT. l.JepTa npoxo,nHT r,ne-TO OKOITO 70 Mr/IT. ErnH, ,norryCTHM,
    eonep>Katt11e KaIThI.J;HH s so,ne KoITe6ITeTrn s npe,neITax OT 60 ,no 90 Mr/IT, TO MO>KHO
    HeIIOITb30BaTb IlHTaTeIThHOe sern.eCTBO, rrpe,nHa3Ha4eHHOe MH >KeCTKOH 80,[\bl.
    ErnH Bbillle 140 Mr/IT, TO 6y,neT 3aTpy,nHHTeITbHO IIOITb30BaTbCH 3aMKHYTOH e11creMOH, He rrp116eraH K qmITbTpau;1111.
    CTOHHTHH pH' rn.eIT04HOCTb I1 >KeCTKOCTb Ot.J:eBH,nHO eonpH>KeHbl .npyr e npyroM. 3ITeMeHTbl, OTBet.J:a10rn.11e 3a>KeCTKOCTb, KaITbl.J;HH I1 MarHHH, 3a4acry10 pacrsopeHhl
    B BH,ne Kap6ottaTOB. Bo,na, rrpoeat.J:HBaHeb eKB03b Il04BY' pacrsopHeT Kap6ottaTbl
    KaITbl.J;HH HITH MarHHH (rrocne,nttHH 6oITee IIO)lBep>KeH pacrsopeHHIO' t.J:eM rrepBbIH).
    TaKHM o6pa30M, so,na e IIOBblllleHHOH )KeCTKOCTbIO Tal(}l(e 3at.J:acryro co,nep}l(HT
    6oIThllle Kap6ottaTOB I1 HMeeT BbICOKHH pH. HeeMOTpH Ha TaKyIO B3aHMOCBH3b,
    see >Ke He rne.nyeT 3a6ITy>K,!l;aTbCH - 3TI1 HBITeHHH OTHOCHTeH K pa3HbIM CBOHCTBaM.
    Harrp11Mep, MO}KHO ,no6aBHTb B so,ny KHCITOTbl. TeM eaMbIM I13MeHHTCH ee pH, HO
    He rn.eITot.J:HOCTh. (Kap6ottaThI seero ITHlllh np11MyT ,npyryro ¢opMy.) Kap6ottaThI
    MoryT rrpo11cxo,n11Tb 113 Kap6ottaTOB HaTpHH HITH KaITHH. 3TO 6y¢ep11pyeT so,ny
    (rrp116aBHT rn.eIT04HOCTI1)' HO He rrp116aBHT }l(eCTKOCTH.

    ConeHOCTb
    CoITeHOCTh HMeeT Mano o6rn.ero e eoITeHbIM npHBKYCOM so PTY. CoITettoCTb rroI B t.J:aCTHX Ha MHITITHOH HITH 3ITeKTporrpoBO,[\HMOCTbIO. Boo6rn.e e,nHHCTBeHHbIH
    T04HbIH enoeo6 I13MepeHHH KOITHt.J:eCTBa COITeH B pacrsope - 3TO BbIIIapHBaHHe
    rrpo6b1 80,[\bl I1 B3BelllHBaHHe eyxoro OCTaTKa. 3TO ,neHCTBHe rroeTOHHHO BbIIIOnHHeTrn s ITa6opaTopHHX, HO B peanbHOH >KH3HH 3aHHMaThrn 3THM CKYt.J:HOBaTo.
    l.J11craH so,na He rrposo,n11T 3ITeKTpHt.Iecrso. Otta o6ITanaeT not.ITH 6eCI<0Het.J:HOH
    3ITeKTpHt.IeeKOH conpoTHBITHeMoCTbIO. Korna B so,ne pacrsopetthI COITH, 06pa3y10rn.11e HOHbl, B ,ne:MCTBHe scryrraeT 3ITeKTPHt.J:eCI MO}l IlOTOK3ITeKTpH4eCTBa. TaKHM o6pa30M Mbl MO>KeM IlOITY4HTb BIIOITHe Hettoe npeneTasITeHHe 0 eosoKyilHOM KOITHt.J:eCTBe pacrsopeHHbIX eoITeH' I13MepHH HaeKOITbKO
    ITerKo 3ITe1 ,lla. AH HeT! MbI tte noITyt.J:aeM t.J:eTKoro OTBeTa, rroToMy t.J:TO He see pacrsopeHHhie
    coITH rrposo,nHT 3ITe1 eKa>KeM - He see HOHbl paBHbl Me>K,!l;y co6oI1. HeKOTopble eOITH ,na>Ke B pacrsopeHHOM BH,ne HeIIhITbIBaIOT npHTH>KeHHe ,npyr K .npyry' Tai( 4TO 60IThlllaH t.J:aeTb

    94

    -

    ~I

    ll p 0 n 0 H VI K A ll n 51 B c E x

    r1X 3ITeKTpWieCKOro 3apHn;a TpaTHTCH Ha 3TY CB5!3b, H H3MepHTeITbHbie np116opbl
    :->e per11crp11py10T BhICOKOH nposo,n:HMOCTH. B pe3ynhTaTe np11 TecT11posaHHH
    ,aCTsopos ,[\Jrn rweTOBO,[\CTBa HITH nno,n:OBO,[\CTBa noKa3aHH5l KOH.O:YKTOMeTpOB
    :Ka3bIBaIOTCH HH>Ke peanbHOfO co,n:ep>KaHHH coneii. Pa3HHua MO>KeT COCTaBITHTb
    .::0 20%. Ilposo,n:HMOCTb sereTaTHBHOro pacrsopa 6onbIIIe cooTseTcrsyeT peanh-IOMY co,n:ep>KaHHIO coneii. Bb1 Ta10Ke nonyqaeTe npe,n:crasneHHe o TOM, MHOro
    rum Mano coneii B pacrsope, HO He KaIKaITb, noTOMY 'ITO He
    . scex HOHOB cy,n:b6a c1 -: ornorn.a10Trn oqeHb 6b1crpo. a saM ... H BaIIIHM paCTeHHHM np11,n:eTrn C3THM CMHpHTbrn. Bee, 'ITO BaM I13BeCTHO
    : pacrsopeHHbIX COITHX - 3TO opHeHTHpOBO'lHbie ,n:aHHbie. I103TOMY npH nor BdM cne,n:yeT Tlll,aTenbHO no,n:611paTb nHTaTenbttoe sern.ecrso 11 y.n:ocrosepHTbCH, 'ITO
    ·Ho xopoIIIo np11cnoco6neHo ,n:nH r11,n:ponoHHKH. l1Ha'le, Hec6anaHcHposaHHoe
    TIHTaTeITbHOe sern.ecrso Bbl30BeT OTITO>KeHHe cone:H. B pacrsope H He,n:oCTaTO'lHOCTH. ITpOBO,[\HMOCTb TaIOKe CHITbHO 0Tpa3HTC5l Ha nornorn.eHHH BO,[\bl pacreHHf!~m. 06 3TOM pe'lb no:H.,n:eT HH>Ke, HOB uenoM: 'leM BbIIIIe npoBO,[\HMOCTb, TeM
    BbIIIIe KOHUeHTpauHH coneii, H TeM TpynHee pacreHHHM BnHTb!BaTb so,n:y. ITpH
    HeKOTOpbIX KOHUeHTpauHHX BO,[\a Te'leT 113 pacreHHH B nHTaTeITbHbIH pacrsop.
    HeTpy,n:HO npe,n:CTaBHTb, CKOITbKO npo,n:ep>KaTrn 3TH pacreHHH, npe>K,!l;e 'leM 3aBHHYT OKOH'laTenhHO 11 6ecnosopoTHO!

    I1pOBO,[\HMOCTb H3MepHeTrn KOH.O:YKTOMeTpOM. 3TH np116opbl scrpeqa10Trn B
    rrrnpoKOM ueHOBOM ,[\Hana30He - OT ,n:ocrynHbIX KapMaHHbIX .no ,n:oporoCTOHill,HX
    1a6opaTOpHbIX HHCTpyMeHTOB. He3aBHCHMO OT ueHhl OHH xpym xopoIIIero yxo,n:a. BHHMaTenbHO 03HaKOMhTech c HHCTPYKUHHMH, oco6eHHO no
    Y:aCTH o6cny>KHBaHHH. Aa>Ke np116op, KOTOpblH co,n:ep>KaT s xopoIIIeM COCTOHHHH,
    Tpe6yeT perynHpHoH Kan116poBKH. Il03a6oTbTeCb, qrn6b1 y sac no.n: py1<0H scer,n:a
    HMenHcb tty>KHbie Kan116poso'!Hb1e pacrsopbI.
    TIOHHTHH pH- TeopHH, HO pa36HpaTbrn B HHX Heo6xo,n:HMO, 'lT06bI snan;eTb CHTyauHeH. 3TH
    TIOHHTHH noMoryT BaM CaMOCTOHTeITbHO 'lHTaTb pe3ynbTaTbl aHaITH3a BO,[\bl H noHHMaTb, see ITH B HOpMe ,UITH Bbipalll,HBaHHH HITH HY>KHa HnbTpamrn. 3HaHHe B
    CO'leTaHHH c HHTy11u11e:H. c,n:enaeT sac xopoIIIHM pacreH11eso,n:oM.
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    snonHe sepoHTHO, BO,[\a np11ronHa ,UITH BaIIIHX uene:H.. EbIBaIOT H 3aMeTHble 11cKJlIO'leHHH, HanpHMep caMb1e pacnpocrpaHeHHbie 113 HHX, Kor.n:a so,n:a co,n:ep>KHT
    HaTpHH H B MeHbIIIeH CTeneHH 6op.
    ~

    HaTpHH B He3Ha'lHTeITbHbIX KOITH'leCTsax Heo6xonHM pacreHHHM, HO no
    Mepe Ha1<0nneHH5l OH CTaHOBHTrn CMepTeITbHbIM 5!,[\0M. Ta1<0e xpynKoe
    pacreHHe Kar< canaT-naTyr< cnoco6Ho nepeHOCHTb 30 Mr/n HaTpHH. Eonee
    BblHOCITHBOe, 6b1crpo pacryrn.ee paCTeHHe Bhl,n:ep>KHT OKOITO 200 Mr/n, HO
    npH TaKOM yposHe Bbl He CMO>KeTe 3KcnnyaTHposaTb CHCTeMy 3aMKHYTOH
    u11p1 KOITH'leCTBaX, no3TOMY OH cr Ha'laITbHaH KOHUeHTpauHH ,n:nH 3aMKHYTbIX CHCTeM He ,[\OIT>KHa npeBbIIIIaTb
    30 Mr/n.

    95

    YVlflbllM TEKCbE

    7 liop TaIOKe RBmleTrn IlHlll,eH pacreHl1H

    B ManbIX KOJIH'Iecrsax (:no O,ll;HO

    113 Ml1Kpon11TaTeJihHhIX Belll,eCTB), HO BhUlle onpe,a;eJieHHOfO ypoBHR OH
    Bhl3bIBaeT B pacreHl1RX TOI 3JieMeHT, KOTOpbIH MO>KeT HaI CTOMl1MO 3TOro, BhICOIKaH11e 6opa MO>KeT CJIO)KHhlM o6pa30M
    noBJil1RTh Ha norJiolll,eH11e ,a;pyr11x 3JieMeHTOB. C11JihHOe o,a;HoJieTHee
    pacreH11e enoeo6HO yrnol1Th ,a;o

    2,0 Mr/JI,

    HO BO l136e>KaHl1e HaKanJil1BaHl1R

    6opa B e11creMe peu11pKyJIRI.(l1H' eo,a;ep>KaHl1e 6opa B BO,IJ;e He ,ll;On>I npeshu11aTh

    0,30 Mr/JI.

    (])uf7bmpa[1U71 u 04ucmKa
    Pe'lh He 0 MeXaHl1'leeKOH q>HJibTpaul1H. KOTopaR 3alll,l1lll,aeT Haeoe OT oeTaTKOB
    pacreHl1H, a paenhinl1TeJI11 BO,ll;hl - OT 3acopeHl1R. Pe'lb 06 y,a;aJieHl1l1 113 BO,IJ;hl
    He>KeJiaTeJihHhIX pacrsopeHHhIX 3JieMeHTOB, 'ITO ropa3,a;o 6oJiee cno>KHaR 3a,a;aqa!
    KoHe'lHO, MexaH11qee1 Hacoea Hy>KeH MexaH11qeeKHH ¢11JihTp. 06bI'lHO 3TO npocro el1HTeTl1'lecKaR ry6Ka.
    BaM ,a;aJKe MO>KeT n0Ha,a;o611Thrn eeT'laThIH ¢11JihTp Ha n11TaIOlll,eH Mar11crpan11
    BallleH e11creMhl. Ecn11 y Bae MYHl1Ul1IlanbHOe BO,IJ;OeHafoKeH11e. TO, KaK npaBHJIO.
    ¢1111bTpau11R He HY>KHa. l1eKJIIO'leH11e cocraBJIRIOT so,a;hI e Bh1coK11M co,a;ep>KaH11eM paeeMOTpeHHhlX BhIIlle 3JieMeHTOB. l1JibTpau11R qalll,e 6hrnaeT Hy>I BO,a;a no,a;aeTrn 113 KOJio,a;ua l1Jil1 JII06oro .n;pyroro np11po,a;HOro l1CTO'lHl1Ka. B 3TOM
    crryqae np11,a;eTrn orpa)l{)l;aTh ee6R OT naToreHoB l1 x11M11qee1<11x 3arpR3Hl1TeJieI1.
    npe>1<.n;e qeM Bbl eMO>KeTe l1eilOJih30BaTh 3TY BOAY ,IJ;JIR Bbipalll,l1BaHl1R pacreHl1H,
    cne,a;yeT OTnpaBl1Th npo6y BO,IJ;hl Ha IlOJIHh!H aHaJil13. nposephTe Ml1HepanbHhlH
    cocraB. a TaIOKe y6e,a;11Teeh B OTeyTCTBl1l1 naToreHOB l1Jll1 3arpR3HRIOlll,l1X Belll,eCTB
    (necr11u11.n;os H rep611u1111os, ocraTO'lHhIX yrJieso,a;opo,a;oB, noMl1MO seero npoqero). ,UernesJie seero o6palll,aThCR B eeJihCKOX03RHCTBeHHhie Jia6opaTop1111, KOTOph1e
    eylll,eCTBYIOT noseeMeCTHO.
    I1pe>1<.n;e qeM np11MeHRTh I Hy>KHa Jil1 OHa BaM B006lll,e! MHe qaeTo BCTpeqaroTeR JIIO,ll;l1, KOTOpb1e oT¢1111bTpOBh!BaIOT 113 BO,IJ;hl KaJihUl1H •..• a IlOTOM BHOCSIT ero o6paTHO e Ill1TaTeJihHh!MH
    Belll,eCTBaMl1 !
    EeJI11 saM see >Ke HY>KHO ¢11JihTposaH11e, B 3aKphIThIX noMelll,eHl1RX Bh16op sap11aHTOB HeBeJil1K l1 Hl1O,IJ;l1H113 Hl1X He Jil1IlleH He,a;ocraTKOB. PacrsopeHHhie l10Hhl
    3acrpesaIOT Me)J<.n;y MOJieKyJiaMl1 BO,ll;hl, 6y,a;yqH IlOJIHOCThIO l1Ml1 OKpy)l{eHhl, H
    He MOryT Bh!CB060,a;11ThCSI.

    B erryqae He6oJiblllOH KOMHaTHOH ycraHOBKl1 TOJihKO

    O,IJ;l1H ¢l1JibTp y,a;aJil1T 113 BO,ll;hl see pacrBopeHHhie Belll,eCTBa - ¢l1JibTp o6paTHOro
    OeMoea. tI11eTOTa noJiy'leHHOH BO,ll;hl KOJie6JieTCSI OT 90% ,IJ;O 99% B eaMhIX 3¢¢eKTl1BHhIX e11creMax.

    96

    nOHl!1KA ,LJ,Jl51 BCEX

    :J6paTHblilt OCMOC

    (QC)

    _..::h 6y;:i,er yMeCTHO BBeCTl1 TaKoe cyIIJ,ecrseHHOe nOH.SITl1e KaK OCMOC,

    KOTOpbIH
    ,...=.er )f(l13HeHHO Ba>KHYIO ponb B nornoIIJ,eHl1l1 n11TaTeITbHhIX BeIIJ,eCTB pac.i.SIMl1 l1 eIIJ,e 6onhllIYIO - s r11,n;pon0Hm - nCTOHCKl1M yH11sepc11TeToM:

    -=

    •.we npe,n;crasn.sreT co6oi1 ,n;mpcpy311IO MoneKyn CKB03h nonynpoHm.\aeMyIO
    \I ~paHy 113 Mecra c 6onee BhICOKOH KOHl.jeHTpau1111 B Mecro c 6onee Hl13KOH
    .:::.JeHTpauHeH ,Zl;O Tex nop, noKa KOHueHrpau1111 no o6e cropOHhI MeM6paHbI
    -;:: CTaHyTpaBHhIMW>.
    ---"'- :iepBbIH B3rIT.Sl,ll; ,Zl;aHHOe onpe,n;eneHHe MO>KeT nOKa3aThC.Sl HeCKOIThKO My,n;peHbIM!
    =-=;;:.::b no,n; KOHueHTpau11ei1 no,n;pa3yMesaeTrn KOHueHTpau11.sr BO,Zl;hI. 01ieBl1,Zl;HO,
    :::-- ecn11 no o.n;Hy cropoHy MeM6paHhI 6onhllle pacrsopeHHhrx sern.ecrs, To sonh1
    C'Hbllle (pacrsopeHHbie Belll,eCTBa 3aHl1MaIOT ee Mecro), 3Ha'il1T, BO,Zl;a noTe- - 1 B 3TY cropoHy - OT BhICOKOH KOHueHTpau1111 BO,Zl;hl K Hl13KOH KOHueHrpau1111
    - '.lhl - ,Zl;O Tex nop, noKa He ycTaHOBl1TC.Sl paBHOBec11e, l1 KOHueHTpau11.sr BO,ll;hl
    ~aHeT O,Zl;l1HaKOBOH no o6e CTOpOHhI. ,ll,n.sr Harn.SI,Zl;HOCTl1 MO>KHO B3rIT.SIHYTh Ha
    "':-0 5IBITeH11e l1Haqe: BO,Zl;a noTe'ieT B cropoHy MeM6paHbI c 6onee BhICOKOH KOW
    :....ettTpau11ei1 pacrsopeHHhIX sern.ecrs ,n;o ycraHosneHl1.SI pasHosec11.sr. ~ C11rra,
    'IKaIOru;a.sr so.n;y CKB03h MeM6paHy. Ha3brnaeTrn OCMOTl11ieCKl1M ,n;asneHl1eM.
    ,::_-:en;yeT ycsol1Th, 'ITO HaXO,Zl;.S!Cb no o6e cropOHhl nonynpOHl1uaeMOH MeM6paHhl,
    30.Ja scerna crpeM11Trn K ,ll;OCTl1>KeHl1IO o,n;HoI1 l1 TOH >Ke KOHueHTpau1111. TaKa.sr
    \!eM6paHa nponycKaeT pacrnop11Tenh (s HallieM cnyqae so,n;y), HO 3a,n;ep>K11saeT
    ~3.CTBOpeHHhie B HeM 3ITeMeHThI. CTeHKH KneTOK pacreHl1H Hnl1 >Kl1BOTHhIX - .srpI -:p11Mep nonynpOHHuaeMOH MeM6paHhI. OCMOC - 0,Zl;HO 113 cpe,n;crs TpaHcnopTa
    BO;:J,hI l1 n11TaTeIThHhIX sern.ecrs BHyTpl1 pacreHl1H l1ITl1 .nepesbeB. 3Tl1M cnoco6oM
    J...,1en
    06paTHhIH OCMOC pa6oTaeT c TO'iHOCThIO ,ll;O Hao6opoT: BO,Zl;a np11Hy,n;11TeIThHO
    HarHeTaeTrn qepe3 MeM6paHy no,n; BhlCOKl1M ,n;asneHl1eM. OCTaBIT.Sl.Sl see n03a,D;l1.
    B 3TOM cnyqae BO,Zl;a nporoH.SieTrn CKB03h MeM6paHy He3aBl1Cl1MO OT OCMOTl11ieCKOro np11Hul1na, paCCMOTpeHHOro Bhlllle. 3<1><1>eKTHBHOCTh Cl1CTeMhl 3aBl1Cl1T OT
    Ka'iecrsa MeM6paHhI l1 nasneH11.sr - qeM 6onhllle, TeM nyqllle. BoT, npe,n;cras11M
    .lIT.Sl Harn.Sl,Zl;HOCTl1: 6bITOBa.SI Cl1CTeMa o6paTHOro OCMOCa no,n; paKOBl1HOH ,Zl;OIT>KHa
    pa6oTaTh no,n;,n;asneHHeM 4-S 6ap. ,ll,n.sr O'il1CTKl1 BO,Zl;hI, co,n;ep>rKHO
    OKOITO 13 6ap. ,Un.SI O'il1CTKl1 MOpCIKHO ropa3,Zl;O 6onbllle - OKOITO SS 6ap.
    Ka3anocb 6b1, OTMeHHhIH cnoco6 nonyqeHl1.Sl 1il1CTOH BO,Zl;hI, HO np11 nonyqeHl1l1
    1rr11rpa1il1CTOH BO,Zl;hl Tep.SIIOTC.Sl 2-4 ITHTpa BO,Zl;hl (B 3aBHCl1MOCTl1 OT ,n;asneHl1.SI).
    KoHe'iHo, 3Ty so,n;y MO>KHO l1cnonb30BaTh AA.SI xo3.SIHCTBeHHhrx HY)f(,Zl; so ,n;sope •••
    ecn11 OH y sac ecrh. K To My >Ke MeM6paHhI xpynK11: OHl1 He Bh1,n;ep>Kl1BaIOT TaK11e
    «rpy6b1e» 3ITeMeHThl r OTBe'iaIOIIJ,l1e 3a >KeCTKOCTh, KaIThUl1H l1 MarHl1H, CKann11saIOTC.Sl Ha MeM6paHe
    l1 3aCOp.SIIOT ee. Cl1CTeMa <1>l1ITbTpaul1l1 o6paTHOro OCMOCa 3a'iaCTyIO OCHaIIJ,eHa
    cpHnhTpoM rpy6oi1 oq11crr<11 ,n;n.sr ynasn11saHl1.SI KpynHhIX qacr11u, yronhHhIM
    cp11nhTpoM AA.SI xrropa l1 l1Hor,n;a ,n;a)l{e cM.srrq11TeneM BO,Zl;hI AA.SI npe,n;sapHTenhttoi1
    oq11cTKl1, ern11 co,n;ep>r 6brnaroT cnyqa11, Kor,n;a OC-cp11nhTpau11.sr - e.n;11HcrseHHhIH sh1xo,n; 113 nono>1
    97

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

    ecnM XO'ielllb nony'iMTb HOpMaITbHYIO Bony ,[\IT5l rHnponOHHOH CMCTeMbI. Ey,L\bTe
    6nMTenbHb1: onHa TOITbKo OC-sona He ronMTrn M5I rM,nponoHMKtt. qMCTa5l sona
    He o6nanaeT 6y¢epHbIMH csoI1cTBaMM. IlpM ManeI1llleI1 no6asKe coneI1 pH nocKa'ieT BBepx-BHM3. 11 BO,[\a TaIOKe CTaHeT BCTyDaTb B peaKuMIO co BCeM, c qeM
    OHa 6y,neT conpMKaCaTbC5l. 3TO O'ieHb OTpMuaTenbHO CKa>KeTrn Ha KOpH5IX. CaMbIH
    pacnpocrpaHeHHbIH MCTO'iHMK Hey,naq - 3To npHMeHeHMe OC-¢MnbTpauMM.
    no noH5ITHbIM rrpM1iMHaM nepsoe, 'iTO npMxonMT s ronosy pacreHMesony, 3TO
    TO, 'iTO 1iMCTa5l BO,[\a - nyqrne Bcero, HO - sonpeKM MHTYMUMM - 3TO He Tai o6peTeHM5l CTa6MITbHOCTM I1 rronyqeHM5l KBa3M-l1,L\eanbHOH BO,[\bl MO)J{HO npMMelllaTb OKOITO

    20% BO,[\OilpOBOllHOH BO,[\bl

    B 3aBMCMMOCTM OT ee COCTaBa. 11ITM >Ke

    MO}KHO KOH.L\MuMOHMpOBaTb Bony, OT¢MITbTposaHHYIO c IlOMOill,bIO

    oc, no6aBMB

    roMeorraTM'ieCI KMCITOTbl, >KenaTeITbHO ¢oc¢opHOH c 6y¢epHbIM CBOHCTBOM. BHeCMTe CTOITbKO
    KllCITOTbl, CKOITbKO HY>KHO no noseneHM5l pH no

    6,0.

    11 BOT Bbl - C'iaCTITMBblH

    o6nanaTeITb «H,[\eaITbHOH» BO,[\bl ,[\IT5l BalllHX paCTeHMH. 0CTaeTrn 3anpaBMTb ee
    IlMTaTeITbHbIMM seruecrsaMM, HO 06 3TOM pe1ib noH,neT HM}Ke.
    ECTb M npyrMe TMilbl ¢MITbTpauMM, HO HM O,[\MH M3 HMX He M36aBMT sac OT pacrsopeHHblX MMHepanOB. 0,nHaKO HOHM o6na,naIOT Koe-KaI Kor,na rrpo6neMa He B MMHepanM3auMM, a Bbl XOTMTe M36aBMTbC5l OT scex He>1 B HalllM ,[\HM - xnopa, xnopaMMHOB, OCTaTO'iHblX neCTMuM.L\OB, aHTM6MOTMKOB M
    T.n.

    51. OCBelll,y 3TY TeMy BKpaTue.

    Y11bTpacp111011eTOBb1!71

    (Y) cp11111bTp

    PaCTBOp IlMTaTeITbHOro Belll,eCTBa rrpoXO,[\MT CKB03b KaMepy' B KOTopoii OH nonsepraeTrn Y-M3nyqeHMIO. 3ToT ¢MnbTp M3Ha'ianbHO npenHa3Ha'ianrn nn5l YHM'iTO>KeHM5l naTOreHOB B aKBapMyMax. )laHHb!H ¢MITbTp He y,nan5leT 3arp5!3H5IIOI11,l1e
    Belll,eCTBa; OH B03,[\eHCTByeT TOITbKO Ha )KMBble opraHM3MbI. OH rO,[\MTrn TOITbKO
    M5I KOHTpOn5l Ha,[\ naToreHaMM.

    y

    Hero ,[\Ba rnaBHblX He,L\OCTaTKa c TO'iKll 3peHM5l

    rM,nporroHMKM. ,ll,n5I Toro, 1iT06b1 Y-¢MnbTp OI CKOpOCTb Te'ieHM5l pacrsopa nomKHa 6bITb Me,nneHHee TOH CKOpOCTH' KOTOpa5I
    onTMMaITbHa nn5l oKcMreHauMM; a eru,e ynbTpa¢MoneT pa3naraeT xenaTbI, 6onbll1Me opraHM'iecKMe MoneKynbl, y,nep>KHBaIOill,Me B pacrsope )l{ene3o (B no6poTHbIX
    rHLi;ponOHHblX IlMTaTeITbHblX Belll,eCTBax - eI11,e M .npyrMe MMKp03ITeMeHTbl). 11
    KoHe'iHO )l{e, Henb35l Mcrronb30BaTb ynbTpa¢MoneT, ecnM Ha sac pa6oTaIOT none3Hb1e MMKpoopraHM3MbI. Y--M3ny'ieHMe y6MBaeT M npy3eH' M sparoB 6e3 pa36opy.

    necoL1Hb1!71 cp11111bTp
    ECTb OTITM'iHbie ¢MITbTPbI, 3a,nep>KMBaIOru,Me cop M na>Ke rraToreHbI. OHM MoryT
    co3,nasaTb 6naronpM5ITHYIO cpeny ,nn5l npouseTaHM5l none3HblX MMKpoopraH113MOB. OHM pa3naraIOT opraHMKy H 6opIOTrn c naToreHHblMM rpM6KaMM.

    K CO>Ka-

    neHMIO, OHM 3aMe,[\IT5IIOT IIOTOK IlMTaTeITbHOro paCTBopa no TaKOH creneHH, 'iTO
    MX npHMeHeHMe CTaHOBMTrn Heuenecoo6pa3HbIM B ,[\MHaMM'iHOH rMnponOHHOH
    CMCTeMe. E,L\HHCTBeHHbIH crroco6 MCIIOITb30BaHM5l Ta1<0ro ¢11nbTpa - B Bbl,[\eneHHOM
    KOHType' OTnenbHO OT UMPKYIT5IUMM IlMTaTeITbHOro pacrsopa c npHnaHHblM HacoCOM, KOTOpbIH neperoH5leT IlMTaTeITbHbIH pacrsop M3 6aKa Ha ¢MITbTP M o6paTHO
    B 6a1
    98

    Yl!lflb51M TEKCbE

    6111ocplllllbTp
    E11oqmnbTp npe,1J,Ha3Ha'leH rnasHbIM o6pa30M ,IJ,JISI o6ecne'leHHSI cpe,IJ,bI, B KOTopol1 Ml1KpoopraHl13MbI MoryT paCTH B 6oJiblllOM KOJIH'leCTBe, no,1J,,1J,ep>KHBaTb
    3,IJ,OpOBbe nHTaTeJibHOro pacrsopa, npHBHOCHTb 60Jibllle CTHTaTeJibHbIX semecrB,
    pa3narasr MepTBYIO opraHHKY l1 Bhmycr aMHHOKHCJIOT. rrone3HbIX HTOropMOHOB l1 Sl,IJ,OB }J.JISI 6oph6bI c naToreHHbIMH
    rpH6KaMl1. 3TOT HJihTP Taia BHe OCHOBHOH Ul1pKyJISIUl1l1. DHOHJibTpbr CHafoKeHhl CHHTeTH'leCKOH ry6r YHKUl10HHpy10meI1 IHJibTp, 3aXBaTbIBaIOIIJ;l1H cop,
    KOTOpbIH MHKp06bI Ha Mecre CTO,IJ,BeprHyT pa3JIO>KeHHIO. 3aTeM, B HJibTpe eCTb
    npocrpaHCTBO, HanonHeHHOe cy6crpaTOM, KOTOpoe yHI o6InaHl1Sl l1 pa3MHO)KeHHSI ,IJ,JISI KOJIOHHH 6arHJibTPa
    norre3eH }J.JISI pa3JIO)KeHHSI MepTBOH pacTHTeJibHOH MaCCbl' ,IJ,JISI BHeCeHHSI MHKpoopraHl13MOB B CTHTaTeJibHbIH pacrsop l1,1J,1ISI 611onOHl1Kl1.

    11111bTp 1113 aKT111B111poeaHHoro yr11.s1
    YrOJib aKTHBHpyeTrn ,IJ,JISI C03,IJ,aHWI Bero crpyrr HanpHMep ,1J,pesecl1Hbl, yrnsr l1 T.}J.., HO HCXO,IJ,HbIM MaTepHaJIOM qacro cny>KaT
    cr ,1J,enaeTrn TaK >Ke, r
    B pe3ynhTaTe nonyqa-

    eTrn l1CKJIIO'll1TeJibHO nopHCTbIH MaTepHaJI c 6oJiblllOH nnoma}J.bIO rrosepXHOCTH
    (or Hero npOXO]IHT BO,IJ,a, TO MHOrHe rrpHMeCH 3acrpeBaIOT B 3Tl1X CBS13Kax. 0Hl1 He
    rrpocro H3H'leCKH 3a}J.ep>KHBaIOTCSI, a CBSl3bIBaIOTCSI c yrnepO}J.OM r XHMH'leCKHMH CBSI3SIMH (a6cop611py10Trn, rosopsr Hay'lHhIM SI3hIKOM). YronbHbre HJibTpbl xoporno ynaBJIHBaIOT «opraHHKy>>' B crpyr yrnepo}J.. He see aKTHBHpOBaHHhie yrrrH O}J.HHaKOBbl; 3TO 3aBl1Cl1T OT HCXO,IJ,HOro
    MaTep11ana H TexHonor11qec1<0ro rrpouecca. OHH MOryT HMeTb opMy rroporn1 HJIH rpaHyrr; Bbr611pal1Te rpattynh1. 3TH HJibTpbr rnaBHhIM o6pa3oM rrone3HhI B
    CBSl3Ke c ApyrHM THIIOM HJibTpaUHH. HarrpHMep, l1X rrpHMeHSIIOT B CHCTeMax
    o6paTHOrO OCMOCa KaK rrpe,1J,sap11TeJibHbie cpl11IbTpbI, 'leM CTOBbIIllaIOT cpoK 3KcnrryaTauHH MeM6paH.

    YI,

    KOHe'lHO, OHH npHMeHSIIOTCSI B Kaqecrse B03,IJ,YlllHbIX

    cpl11IbTpOB. Yrnepo}J.Hhie cpl11IbTpbr HMeIOT cpoK 3KcrrnyaTauHH, KOTOpbn1 3aBHCl1T
    OT 3arpsr3HSIIOIIl;l1X rrp11Mecel1 B BO,IJ,e, HO paHO l11Il1 Il03,IJ,HO yrOJibHbU1 KapTpH.n>K
    nepeHachITHTrn, 11 ero rrp11,1J,eTrn MeHSITh. Yronh Mo>KeT 6bITh peaKTHBHposaH,
    HO 3TOT rrpouecc B noMaIDHHX ycnos11srx tte,1J,ocryrreH.



    KepaM111 L1ecK111e cp11111 bTpb1
    0HH HcnempeHbI MeJib'laHilll1Ml1 rropaMH. ECJIH nopbI,IJ,OCTHraIOT 0,45 MHKpotta,
    TO BO}J,a, rrpoXO]ISlru;asr CKB03b HHX, 6yneT crepl11IbHa, a ecnH MeHbllle 1 MHKpoHa,
    TO Otta 6y,1J,eT 611orror11'leCKl1 6e3onacHa ,IJ,JISI l1CCTOJib30BaHHSI. 3TOT THCT HIIbTPa
    y}J.aJISieT JII06b1e opMbl Ml1Kpo6oB, Ha'lHHaSI caMHMH Ml1Kpo6aMH l1 KOH'laSI HX
    srI1uaM11, a Ta1{)Ke HeBH,IJ,HMhre qacr11uh1 rpsr311 so B3Bernx. Ha napy c yrnepo,IJ,HhIM
    cpl11IbTpOM OHH rrpocro 6ecrro,1J,06Hbl. 0Hl13a611pa10T113 BO,IJ,bI see He>KeJiaTeJibHOe.

    100

    rvi.aPonOHl/lKA .Qfl5l BCEX

    OCTaBJHUJ: TOIThKO MHHepanhJ, KOTOphIMH 6y.n:eT IlHTaThOl pacreHHe. Xoporueii
    MapKOH srnn.sreTe.sl «Doulton». E.n:HHCTBeHHa.sr npo6neMa e HHMH - 3TO HH3Ka.sr
    eKopOCTh IlOTOKa. OHH Me.UITHTeIThHhl, Il03TOMY npHXO.l{HTCSl nnaHHposaTh 3apaHee, ecn11 co6HpaeTeeh HanonH.HTh 6aK, H HY>KHO speM.sr .n:n.sr npoxo>K.n:eHH.sr
    BO.Uhl qepe3 ¢HnhTph1.
    ECTh H .n:pyrHe enoeo6hI cpHIThTposaHH.sl HITH O'iHCTKH BO.Uhl' HO HH O.l{HH' KpOMe
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    101

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    102

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    104

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    105

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    106

    fli1,[\POnOHl!1KA .Qn51 BCEX

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    H3 HHX OKYIIHT IIOHeceHHbie 3aTPaTDI. BOT Bbl CTOHTe B Mara3HHe H CMOTpHTe
    Ha pa3nH'IHbie MapKH H He 3HaeTe, KaKyIO BbI6paTb. BaM IIOMO>I TOBape' XOTSI B HaWeM ;:i;ene HeKOTOpbre 3THKeTKH BbffflH,ll;SIT BecbMa 3aMhlCnoBaTO! B TipHnO>I
    2 SI pa3oSICHIO,

    KaKyIO HH¢0pMa[4HIO MO>KHO rroqepIIHfTb 113

    3THKeTKH, Ha 'ITO rne;:i;yeT o6pall(aTb BHHMaHHe H qero ocreperaTbCSI.

    107

    ,QPOnOHl!lKA ,Qn51

    BCEX

    rnaaa4
    KaK ynpaanATbCA
    c nMTaTenbHblM
    paCTBOpOM

    flI1TaTenbHhle paCTBOphl .SIBn.SIIOTOI ropa3Jl0 6onee cnO>KHOH cpenoH, qeM MHOHie
    .n;yMaIOT. «CTp11po1J:a He TepnHT nycron,1» - l13BeCTHOe BhICKa3hIBaHHe Ap11cr0Ten.S1,
    AOIIIemuee AO Hae eKB03b BeKa. 3Bon10u;11.S1 n11TaTenbHoro pacrBopa Harmr.n;Hoe
    TOMY eBH,ll;eTenbCTBo!
    ,lln.H Haqana: n11TaTenbHhIH pacrBop -3TO npocra.H cpeAa: Bona, HeMHOro Kap6oHaTOB. pacrBopeHHbie eon11, qTO OTHOeHTenbHO nerKO nonnaeTe.SI IlOHHMaHHIO
    11 KOHTPon10. TaKa.H e11Tyau;11.S1 JVIHTe.SI He.n;onro. Be3.n;e, r.n;e eCTb Bo.n;a, K11enopo.n;
    11 n11TaTenbHOe Bell.{ecrBo, >Kl13Hb BCTYnaeT B eB011 npaBa. KaK TOnbKO B e11creMe
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    109

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

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    ¢opMy a30Ta' 2J.
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    npH6JIIDKeHHH, TO KOpHH MO>KHO npe.ucraBHTb ce6e KaK norpy>r Tpy6hr c oTBepCTH.sIMH B creHKax. Tenepb npe.n;craBbTe ce6e CBo6o.n;Ho nJiaBa10Ill;He
    B BO,D;e TIHTaTeJibHble Bem;ecrBa. CJia61>1e TeqeHH.sl 3aTaJIKHBalOT HeKOTOpble H3 HHX
    B Tpy6y • .n;pyrne >Ke H3 Hee BblTIJiblBaIOT. HeKOTOpbie H3 HHX pacreHHe 3acoceT.
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    KapTHHa - HeKOTOpbIM 3JieMeHTaM Hy>r 3axBaT 3THX HOHOB H. H eCTb TOT MeXaHH3M, KOTOpblll TIOBbllllaeT pH pacrBopa.

    TeMnepamypa
    TeMnepaTypa B KOpHeBOH 30He HrpaeT HaHBa>KHeHUIYIO poJib. 3,Uecb .n;eHCTBYIOT
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    0

    e

    lleM BbIUie TeMneparypa, TeM MeHhllle pacrBopeHHOro KHrnopo.n;a B
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    2. ECJIH Hy>I 110

    1111,LJPOnOHl!lKA ,LJn51 BCEX

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    pH-cpaKmop
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    3Tl1X napaMeTpOB.
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    111

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

    Ta6n1111.~a nornoll.\eH111.R
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    nornoI.IJ;anHeh 6h1 11neanhHO@. TiornoI.IJ;eHHe Ca,

    5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5

    p' Fe, Zn H Mn CHJihHO 3aBHCI1T OT pH. TipHHRTblH
    HHTepBan. t.IaI.IJ;e BCero BCTpet.IaIOI.IJ;HHrn B JIHTepaType, OT 5,5 no 6,5. He1<0TOpb1e JIIOnH ¢aHaTHt.IHO
    npenaHhl pH-¢aKTopy. 0HH ycraHaBJIHBaIOT pH
    Ha OTMeTKe 6 Ha eepenHHe HHTepBaJia H HH 3a '-ITO
    Ha CBeTe He TI03BOJIRIOT eMy OTKJIOHRTheR HH BneBO, HH BnpaBO.

    SI He pa3neJIRIO 3TOfO MHeHHR . 5I

    et.IHTaIO, '-ITO nyt.IIIIe TI03BOJIHTh pH-¢aKTOPY KOJie6aThCR B nonycrHMhlX npenenax. TaKHM o6pa3oM,
    Ha MOH B3rJIRn, HH onHOMY 3JieMeHTy He OTnaeTrn
    npennot.ITeHHe nepen npyr11M11, nocKOJihKY no

    --------- ---- --------

    Ot.Iepe,ll;H OXBaThlBaeTrn OTITHMaJibHhIH HHTepBan
    MR Ka)I<.noro 113 3THX 3JieMeHTOB. TaIOKe CJIHIIIKOM
    crporoe co6mo.a:eHHe pH BhIHy>K,D.aeT Hae BHOCHTb B
    paeTBOp OOJihIIIoe KOJIHt.IecTBO XHMHKaTOB c ueJiblO
    KoppeKTHpoBKH nocnenHero, npHt.IeM no TaKOH
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    TIOBbIIIIaIOT pH; HO TaIOKe eCJIH Bbl Kopper pH B Benpe o6bit.IHOH BOnhI H ocraBJIReTe ee OTCTORThrn Ha HOt.Ih, TO K YTPY pH
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    J13-3a TeHneHUHH pH-¢aKTOpa K TIOBhIIIIeHHIO R Hat.IHHaIO c MaJIOH BeJIHt.IHHhl,
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    5,5;

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    5,8-6,2.

    PacreHHR He n106RT pe3KHX

    nepeMeH B KOpHeBOH 30He; B npHpone OHH K 3TOMY He npHBhlKJIH. ECJIM nonycrHTh
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    6,5;

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    6

    H T.n. To X
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    cra6HJihHee, t.IeM nanhIIIe OT

    112

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    311eKm pan pOBOOHOCm b
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    pacnopIDKeHHH p;m1. B3aHMop;eii:CTBHH c BaUIHMH rrop;orre'iHhIMH paCTeHHHMH. Ee
    ypoBeHb BJIHHeT Ha Mop¢011orHIO pacTeHHH, a TaIOKe Ha KOJIH'ieCTBO H Ka'ieCTBO
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    0.2-0.4
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    ~

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    114

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    118

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    127

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    128

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    130

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    131

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    132

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    134

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    135

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    136

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    138

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    139

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    BJia>KHOCTb pe3KO nan;aeT.

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    140

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    143

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    3TOM HeT Heo6xo,a;11MoeTl1. TaKllM o6pa30M, ee1111 OHll xopoIIIO o6eeneqeHhl

    co,,

    TO OHll npe6bIBaIOT B pe>Kl1Me «noeTO.SIHHOro pocra».
    HopMaJibHa.51 KOHI.{eHTpau11.si: .LlBYOKllell yrnepona B aTMOeepe eocraBJI.SieT 390
    qacreH: Ha Ml1J1Jll10H (ep.: 315 qaeTeH Ha Ml1J1Jll10H B Il.SITll.D;ee.SIThIX ro.a;ax

    xx

    BeKa!). B 6oJihIIIl1HeTBe ropo,a;oB .a;a>Ke BhIIIIe - B epe,a;HeM 450 qacreH: Ha MHJIJillOH
    l1 HeHa,a;onro noti:eKaKllBaeT BhIIIIe 500!
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    AHll. 3Tl1M, HaBepHoe, 061>.SieH.SieTe.SI, noqeMy MexaHl13M nornom;eHll.SI eTOJlh
    HeeoBepIIIeHeH.

    Ii BOT noqeMy em;e pacreHll.SIM noJie3Hhl .a;onOJIHllTeJlhHhie A03hl

    C02: llX MeTa60JIH3M paeeq11TaH Ha 6onee BhieOKlle KOHI.{eHTpal.{1111. 0,a;HaKO eCTh
    npe,a;eJI, noene KOToporo pocr He TOJlbKO He yBeJI11q11Te.SI, HO l1 yMeHhlllllTOI. 3TOT
    npeti:eJI HacrynaeT np11eOOTHOIIIeHllll1000 qacreH: Ha MllJIJlllOH. C02 He TOJlhI IlOMOraeT pacreHll.SIM BhIAep:>KllBaTh HeeKOJlbI qeM 06b1qHo, HO l1 l13BJieKaTh BhffOAY 113 o6oram;eHH.SI ABYOKllehIO yrnepo.a;a, eCJill
    TeMneparypa BhIIIIe

    25°C.

    144

    11!1,DPOnOHll1KA .Qfl51 BCEX

    EcnH B03.UYX B opaH>II onTHMaJihHOro. KoMHaTa .uom1rna xopourn npoBeTpHBaThC.H. 3,n;ech Tpy,n;Ho nepecrapaThC.H! EcJIH noro.ua Ha yJIHQe Il03BOJI.HeT, TO IlOCTO.HHHa.si: BeHTHJI.HQH.H
    IlOMell\eHH.H ycrpaHHT H3JIHIIIKH BJia)KHOCTH l1 o6ecnetIHT pacreHH.H CTOJih Heo6xo,D;HMhIM raJoM. 3rn ¢aKTHtieCKH npocreliIIIHli cnoco6 peIIIeHH.H npo6neMhI.
    EcnH BaM 3TO y.uacTC.H, TO MO>KHO BOo6ll\e o6ottTHCh 6e3 o6opy,n;oBaHH.H .Ull.H
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    co,,

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    opaH>Kepee! B03MO>KHO, 3TO npo3BY'II1T rnyno, HO JIIO.UH B.n;hIXa.IOT KOHQeHTPaQHIO
    C02 OT 30.000 .uo 40.000 qacreli Ha MHJIJIHOH (26,6 r/qac). 3TO 3HatIHTeJihHOe
    KOJIHtieCTBO C02! He 3HaIO, H3BeCTHo JIH BaM o HOBhIX 3KcnepHMeHTax no 113yqeHHIO 3¢¢eKTa OT pa3f0Bopa c paCTeHH.HMH? Pe3yJihTaThl CBH,n;eTeJihCTBYIOT 0 TOM,
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    co,.

    paCCMOTpeHHe 3Toro Bonpoca BhlXO.UHT 3a paMKH 3TOll KHHrl1. B QeJIOM MO)l{HO
    o6oliTHCh no.upy
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    npocToli cnoco6: B nnacrHKOBYIO 6yThllIJK)J(eH H BCTp.HXHHTe ee. TIO,D;IlHThIBa.HCh caxapOM, .UpO}K)Klf
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    145

    YV1JlbllM TEKCbE

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    'ITO y naMn O'leHb orpaH11'leHHb1e npe,n;eJihI 3¢¢eKTl1BHocT11. 0Hl1 yTpaq11Ba10T
    MOil\HOCTb o6paTHO npoITop~l10HaJibHO KBa.n;paTy paCCTOHHl1H. 3TO 03Ha'laeT,
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    -60 CM.

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    Ha paCCTOHHl1l1

    30 CM, 600 Barr - 45 CM, 1000 Barr

    Pa3yMeeTrn, 3Tl1 BeJIH'll1HbI ITp116JI11311TeJibHbr. Han11q11e I
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    - ¢0TOCl1HTeT11qecr<0e

    arKe 3TO He TaI<-TO ITPOCTO, TaK KaK Bee l13Jiy'leHl1H He
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    146

    YVlflbllM TEKCbE

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    11 nonyt.Ia:EOT B np11po.z:i;e, TIOCKOllbKY JieTHl1H CBeT 6onee Cl1Hl1H, t.IeM oceHHl1H.
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    llOl1,!l;HbIMl1

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    ~11Klla

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    B BereTaTl1BHOH CTaAl111, nyt.IIIIe np11MeHHHTe MeTallJio-raJIOl1AHbie llaMTibI.
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    11x BHe opamKepe11.
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    148

    11!1,IJ,POnOHl!1KA ,IJ,!171 BCEX

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    10

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    TpttnCbl - 3TO KpoIIIe':IHbie npo,ZJ;onroBaTbie HaCeKOMbie OKOno

    1 MM,

    OKpacKa OT

    ceporo JJ;O CBeTno KOpH':IHeBoro, TaK>Ke tta,ZJ;erreHbI npttcnoco6neHHeM ( «xo6oTKOM")
    JlJISI BbICaCbIBaHHSI COKOB. (!)

    y

    HHX ecrb KpbIJibSI' HO OHH nnoxo rreTalOT. l1x K HaM

    B noMem;eHHe 3aHOCHT BeTPOM. 0HH pe,D;KO Bbl3bIBaIOT npo6neMbI, TaK KaK HX
    KOJIOHHH pa3MHO>KaIOTOI He TaK 6bICTpo' KaK y ,ll;pyrHX Bpe,D;HTene:H.

    Ee110Kpb111Ku
    Hy>KHO 6bITb y>K o':leHb 6ecne'iHbIM, ':IT06b1 no3BOJIHTb 6onbIIIoii nonynsruHH
    6erroKpbIJIOK pa3paCTHCb B noMern;eHHH, HO OHH SIBJISIIOTOI BeKTOpaMH MS! MHO>KeCTBa BHpycoB. H ,ZJ;a>Ke Marrasr HX nonyrrsrUHSI MO>KeT npHBeCTH K KaTacrpocpe.
    OnSITb-TaKH OT XHIIJ;HHKOB TYT HHKa1<0ro TOnKy. 3aTO MbIJIO SIBJISieTCSI caMblM
    ,ZJ;eiicrBeHHbIM cpe,o;crBOM MS! HX no,ZJ;aBrreHHsr.
    EenoKpbinKH, KaK H Tnsr, B Ka'ieCTBe npo,ZJ;yKTa >KH3He,D;esrTenbHOCTH Bbl,ZJ;enSIIOT
    Me,n:BsrHy10 pocy. 3To cna,ZJ;KOBaToe Bern;ecrBo o6BonaKHBaeT nHCTbsr H cnoco6crByeT
    pocry nneceHH - cpyMarHHa, qepHoro rptt6Ka, no1 HaJIH'iHeM rptt6Ka. CD Me,o;BSIHOH pocoil: nHTaIOTrn MypaBbH, H OHH MOrYT npHrOHSlTb Ha BaIIIH pacreHHSl TJIIO, 'iT06bI «JJ;OHTb» ee, TaK ':!TO He,ZJ;aBaHTe MypaBbSIM
    nOSIBJISITbCSI B opaH>Kepee.

    n11eceH b. /pu6KU.
    Cyrn;ecrByeT nnHHHbIH cnttcoK pa3HOBHJlHOCTeI1 nrreceHH, 1<0Topasr MO>KeT Ha6pocHTbCSI Ha ocna6rreHHOe pacreHHe npH 6rraronpHS!THblX ycrrOBHSIX; 3TO Bbrco-

    169

    ,

    11!1,QPOnOHl!lKA .Qfl51 BCEX

    Kasr BJia)KHOCTh, nrroxasr u11pKyrrsru;i1sr sm,n;yxa, ropsrt:.i11i1:, BJia>KHhIH, cnepTbIH
    so3,n;yx. TirreceHh pa3MHO)KaeTrn cnopaM11.~ CnophI se3necym11. 0HH HornTrn
    B sm,n;yxe 11 nona.1:1a10T s noMern;eH11e t:.iepe3 seHTHAAUmo. Xoporno eme, t:.iTo OHH
    pe,n;KO pa3SHSaIOTrn, ecrrH pacreHHSI 3,ll;OpOSbI H Ha JIHCTbSIX HeT «na3yx» c SO,ll;OH.
    HeKOTOpble SH,ll;bl nrreceHH nopa)KaIOT s OCHOSHOM JIHCTbSI, KaK, Hanp11Mep,
    MHJI,l:\bIO (KaK JIO>KHaS! Myt:.iHHCTM:I poca, TaK H Hacrosrmasr Myt:.iHHCTaSI poca), a
    TaK)Ke p)KaBt:.iHHa, O}l(Or. HeKOTOpb1e nopa>KaIOT 6yToHbI, HanpttMep, cepaS! nrreceHb (6oTPHTHC), HO MOryT nopa)KaTb H cre6rr11. BbmpesaHHe (t:.iepHaSI. HO)!(Ka)
    nopa)l(aeT (11 y611saeT) ca)KeHUhI 11rr11 t:.iepeHKH, 11H¢>11u11pysr cre6rr11 Ha yposHe
    cy6crpaTa. Tpy,n;Ho 1136as11ThCSI OT 3THX opraHH3MOB, HK TOMY speMeHH, Kor,n;a
    saM 3TO y,n;acrrn, yrn;ep6 y)Ke 6y,n;eT HaHeceH. OnSITb-TaKH Hf}l(Ha npo¢>11rraKT11Ka.
    ,[l,JJ.SI no,n;asrreHHSI HH¢>eKUHH H npecet:.ieHHS! ee pacnpocrpaHeHHSI MO}l(HO np11MeHSITb «6op,z:i;ocKyro }l(H!J;KOCTb» (cMeCb cyrrh¢aTa Me,D;H H rH,z:i;pOKCH,D;a KaJibUHSI)
    HJIH CHJIHKaTHYIO rJIHHY.
    B noseprneHHe cnHCKa HanaCTeH, KOTOphle MOrYT crryt:.iHThCSI c Han3eMHOH qaCTbIO pacreHHSI, HeCKOJlbKO CJIOS 0 s11pycax. KaK SI f}l(e rosopHJI Shlllie, npOTHS
    HHX cpe,z:i;crsa HeT. MO}f(HO 3aMe,D;JIHTb HX HacrynrreHHe, onpbICKHSaS! pacreHHSI
    caJIHUHJIOSOH KHCJIOTOH s ,n;me O,ll;Ha nernTaSI rpaMMa Ha JIHTP, rr1160 onpbICI 3KCTpaKTOM so,z:i;opocrrei1: (ascophyllum nodosum). 3To no3SOJIHT saM 3aseprn11Tb
    UHKJI H norryt:.iHTb XOTb I sCTPet:.iaroTcSI B noMemeHHSIX. Hx nepeHornT HaceKOMhie rr1160 11H¢>11u11posaHH1>1e
    pacreHHSI. ECJIH y sac TaKoe crryt:.i11Trn, CO)KrHTe seCh paCTHTeJibHbIH MaTep11arr,
    3aMeHHTe cy6crpaT, TIIJ;aTeJibHO npo,n;e311H¢>11u11pyi1Te noMern;eH11e 11 see 060py,z:i;osaH11e •.• H MOJIHTeCb, l:.J:T06hI 3TOro xsaTHJIO ,D;JISI perneHHS! npo6rreMbI!

    Hvi>t Tiepet:.ieHh no,z:i;3eMHhIX onaCHocrei1:, no,z:i;crepera10m11x pacreHHSI, TO)Ke secbMa
    npocrpaHHhIH.

    KopHeBa51 mn51
    3TOT spe,z:i;11Tellh oco6eHHO Henp11srTeH. 3Ta TJIS! np11Ha.1:1rrex<11T K TOMY )Ke ceMei1:crsy. l:.J:TO H npot:.i11e TJIH, Sbirlljl,ll;HT TaK>IKe, 3a
    HCKJIIOt:.ieHHeM Toro, l:.J:TO OHa KOJIOHH3HpyeT I nose3JIO' H OHH KOJIOHH30saJIH KOpHH sarn11x pacreHHH, TO TYT y>K IlOl:.J:TH HHt:.iero
    He no,z:i;erraernh. KopHesasr 30Ha crr11rnI O,ll;HH 113 KJiacc11t:.ieCKHX XHmHhIX IKeT >KHTb no,z:i; 3eMJiei1.

    HeMamoobt
    c

    0HH HanOMHHaIOT Kpornet:.iHbIX yrpei1:, IlHTaIOTCS! KOpHSIMH. (l) HHMH MO>KHO
    6opOThCSI c nOMOIIJ;bIO ,z:i;pyr11x, norre3HbIX HeMaTO,ll;. OHH pe,z:i;KO scrpet:.iaIOTrn s
    r11,z:i;ponoH11Ke, 11 11x He 61>rnaeT np11 KYJibTHs11posaH1111 Ha t:.iHCTOH so,z:i;e.

    171

    fV1.QPOnOHV1KA .[\!151 BCEX

    fpu6Hbte KOMOpUKU
    Ilo onpe.n;eneHHIO 3TO O'ieHb MeJIKHe MYIIIKH H >KHBYT KOJIOHHSIMH. rreTaSI BOKpyr
    paCTeHHH. Bbl MO>KeTe B03pa3HTh, 'iTO 3TO npoHCXOAHT He no.n; 3eMrre:H.~ CornaceH. HO HaCTOSlll\He Bpe,ll;HTenH. HaHOCSlll\He Bech ymep6. 3TO JlH'iHHKH. 0HH
    noxo>KH Ha qepBSI'iKOB, np03pa HX MO>KHO pacn03HaTb TOllbKO no rJia3KaM - KpOIIIe'iHbIM qepHbIM TO'iKaM. OHH
    nHTaIOTrn pacreHHSIMH. AhipSIBSIT HX H ycrpaHBaIOTrn BHYTPH. EcrrH 3apa:>KeHHe
    npo.n;orr>KaeTCSI, OHH na>Ke MOryT BCKapa6KaTbrn Ha cre6errh no KCHJieMHbIM
    KaHaJiaM. I1pH3HaKOM 3apa:>KeHHSI SIBJISllOTCSI IlOHHKIIIHe, o6BHCJibie JIHCTbSI,
    BCITY'iHBaHHe B OCHOBaHHH KOpHSI c Ipell\HHaMH Ha BHeIIIHeM crroe. ECJIH .n;erro
    AOIIIJIO AO 3TOro, TO

    y>Ke CJIHIIIKOM n03AHO 'iTO-rrH6o cnacaTb.

    c rpH6HbIMH KOMapHKaMH MO>KHO 3
    nOMOll\blO oco6o:H

    nopOAhI bacillus thurengesis (no,n;BHA israeliensis, IIITaMM AM

    65-52).

    OH HMe-

    eTrn B npo,n;a>Ke no.n; Ha3BaHHeM «Cnatrol» B CeBepHo:H AMepHKe H «Vectobac» B
    EBpone • .ll:JISI HX nonaBJieHHSI MO>KHO TaIOI OHH napa3HTHpyIOT Ha JIH'iHHKaX H MOryT ocrra6HTb 3apa:>KeHHe, HO npoQecc
    ,ll;JIHTrn Me,ZJ;JieHHO.

    nneCeHb. fpu6KU.
    l..J:ame Bcero nopa:>KaIOT KOpHH ,n;Ba BH,n;a - pythium H fusarium. Cnopbr Bcer.n;a TYT
    KaK TYT. H HH'iero c HHMH He no.n;enaelllb. 3apa:>KeHHe pa3BHBaeTCSI TOJlbKO Tor.n;a, Kor.n;a pacreHHe ocrra6rreHo, rrH6o Kor.n;a B nHTaTenbHOM pacrBope HexBaTKa
    KHcrropo.n;a. MexaHH3M npocr. KHcrroponHaSI He.n;ocraTO'iHOCTb yrHeTaeT KOpHH.
    OHH pearHpYIOT Ha 3TO Bbl,ll;eneHHeM ra3a, a HMeHHO 3THJieHa. 3TOT ra3 .n;e:HcrnyeT
    KaK CHfHaJI, npHMaHHBaIOll\Hll naToreHbI. Pythium noHaqarry BbirJISl,ll;HT KaK
    KpOIIIe'iHaSI qepHaSI TO'iKa Ha KOH'iHKe KOpHSI. Fusarium nopa)KaeT KopeHb Ha
    ApyrHX yqacrKax, H OH noxo>K Ha OCKJIH3JIYIO KOpH He npe.n;npHHHMaTb, TO pacreHHe 6hICipO norH6HeT.

    MepbI npoTHeo,11;eiicrem1. KaK 06b1'iHO, rrraBHoe - npo nopa:>KeHHe KOpHeli TPYAHO H3Jie'iHBaeTrn. 3To B03MO>KHO, HO HHKor.n;a He o6xoAHTrn 6e3 ymep6a. PaCTeHHSI JIHIIIaIOTrn CHJI, 11 Cipa,n;aeT ypo:>Kali. Ilo,n;yMaliTe,
    no'ieMy 3TO npoH30IIIJIO; BbISICHHTe npH
    CTYIO npH B03MO>KHO. 'iTO pacreHHSI 6hIJIH ocrra611eHbl HeynoBJieTBOpHTeJibHbIM IlHTaHHeM
    JIH6o He6rraronpm!THbIM KllHMaTOM. Ba:>KHO OC03HaBaTb, 'iTO rpH6KOBbie 3a6oJieBaHHSI He 6epyTrn HHOTKy,n;a. PacreHHSI, KaK H Mbl, Ha,n;erreHbl 3K,n;e6HbIM
    nocSiraTenbCTBaM oKp~IOI.IJ;eli cpeAbl. MexaHH3MbI He cnpaBJISIIOTCSI co rnoeli
    3a,n;aqeii, TOJibKO KOrAa pacreHHSI ocrra6rreHbI.
    He TepSIHTe BpeMeHH Ha BbISICHeHHe TO'iHOro HaHMeHOBaHHSI rpH6Ka, nopa3HBIIIero KOpHH. OHH o6bI'iHO npOXOASIT ITOA 0611\HM HaHMeHOBaHHeM «KopHeBaSI
    rHHJib». fleqeHHe scer.n;a TO >Ke caMoe - rrro6arrhHa.SI CTpaTerHSI, oqeHh HanoMHHaIOI.IJ;aSI onHcaHHe cpeACTBa OT He,ll;OCTaTO'iHOCTH. CnepBa IlOITbITaiiTeCb
    yHH'iTO>KHTb naToreH. KrraccH'ieCKHe X03SIHCTBe, TOKCH'iHbl, H He MoryT npHMeHSITbCSI B nopy C03peBaHHSI, IT03TOMY

    173

    Ylt1Jlb51M TEKCbE

    HX erre,nyeT CTOJIHOCTb!O HeKJI!O'!HTb. JIH'!HO SI npe,nnO'!HTaro eHJIHKaTHY!O r1111Hy, KOTopasi S!BJIS!eTrn 6e3Bpe,!:1HblM HaTypaJibHblM Bern;eeTBOM. 0Ha He peIIIHT
    Beex npo6rreM, HO 3Ha'!HTeJibHO yMeHbllIHT KOJIH'leCTBO naToreHOB, y611BaS1 HX
    enopbl. Ee3 KOJie6aHHH HenOJib3yHTe 6oJibIIIOe KOJIH'leCTBO eHJIHKaTHOH rJIHHbl
    -TOKeH'!HOH ,[(03bl y Hee HeT. 3aTeM H36aBbTeeb OT nHTaTeJibHOrD paCTBOpa l1 3aMeH11Te ero CBe:>KeH BO,[(OH e no,nKoppeKTHpoBaHHblM pH. ECJIH y Bae een,nocryn
    K KOpHS!M, nonbITaHTeeb y,n;arrHTb KaK MO>KHO 6oJibIIIe OTMepIIIHX KOpHeH. Ee1111
    crrerKa CTOT51HYTb 3a KOpHeBOH BOHJIOK, TO rrro6oi1, ocrarorn;HHOI y Bae B pyKe nyqoK
    6y,n;eT MepTBblM. 3apa>KeHHbie KOpHH He BOeCTaHaBJIHBa!OTOI, no3TOMY ,n;o6aBbTe
    eTHMYJIS!TOp pocra KOpHeH. '!T06bI nOMO'lb pacreHH!O OipaeTHTb HOBble KOpHH.
    OHH KOJIOHH3Y!OT KOpHeBOH BOHJIOK l1 CTOMOrYT BaM B 6opb6e e Bpe,!:IHTeJIS!MH.
    Bo BpeMsi Beero npoueeea erre,nyeT ,naBaTb pacreHHS!M HeKopHeBoe nHTaHHe BO
    H36e>KaHHe H€,ll;OCTaTO'!HOCTH l1 o6eene'IHBaTb 3JieMeHTaMH MOJIO,ll;ble KOpHH. TIO
    Mepe CTOS!BJieHHS! KOpHeH. Ha'!HHaHTe noBbIIIIaTb npOBO,[(HMOCTb nHTaTerrbHOro
    pacrBopa. TipO,!:IOJI}J(aHTe HeKOpHeBoe n11TaH11e TeM .>Ke yMepeHHblM paCTBOpoM
    (npOBO,ll;HMOCTb 0. 5 - 0. 7 MC) AO Tex nop, noKa MOJIOAbie KOpHH He B03bMYT Ha ee6si
    nHTaHHe pacreHHS!. l..J:T06bI yeKOpHTb BbI3,ll;OpOBJieHHe, 3TO y,no6HbIH MOMeHT AJIS!
    np11MeHeHHS! BeeB03MO>KHblX A06aBOK: ryMHHOBblX KHCJIOT HJIH cpyrrbBOKHeJIOT,
    S1BJIS1rorn;11xrn rryKHO ,n;o6aBHTb 3KcrpaKT BepMHKOMnocra. 3KcrpaKT MopeKHX
    BO,n;opoerreH l1 Bee, 'ITO pa6oTaeT Ha 03,ll;OpOBJieHHe pacreHHH.
    l..J:ero He crre,n;yeT ,nerraTb:

    -7

    Ee1111 Bbl npocro BH€,ll;pHJIH norre3Hble MHKpoopraHH3Mbl, TO He
    Boo6pa)KaHTe, 6y,n;To OHH peIIIaT npo6rreMy. OHH npeBoeXO,ll;Hbl AJIS!
    npocp11rraKTHKH, HO He AJIS! rre
    -7

    He ITOJib3YHTeeb nepBblM nonaBIIIHMOI epe,n;CTBOM, eoKparn;arorn;HM
    nonyrrsiu11ro naToreHOB, HOB TO :>Ke BpeMsi oerra611sirorn;11M pacreH11S1,
    Hanp11Mep, nepeKHeb!O Bo,n;opo,n;a. 3TO y>KaeHO BpeAHO.

    -7

    He npttMeHS!HTe eHJIHKaTHY!O rJIHHY noerre BHe,n;peHHS! norre3HbIX
    opraHH3MOB. CHJIHKaT He OTJIH y611BaeT 11 Tex, 11 .D;pyr11x.

    -7

    He OTKJia,ll;bIBai1Te np11HS1T11e Mep pear11poBaHHS1 Ha noToM. KaK TOJibKO
    Bbl 3aMeTHJIH, 'ITO JIHeTbS! 06B11e1111 - e11MnTOMbl, BH3yarrbHO CTOXO:>KHe Ha
    HexBaTKY BO,[(bl -TOT'!ae :>Ke oeMOipHTe KOpHH.

    174

    IVl,QPOnOHVIKA ,Qfl51 BCEX

    rnaaa8
    Ao6aaKM. >KM3Hb
    B03Bpa114aeTCR B
    rM"ponOHMKY

    ,D.orrnie ro,n;hI H Bh1parn;Hsarr pacreHm1 Ha OJJ:HOH Bo,n;e H nHTaTerrhHhIX Bern;ecrnax.
    Pe3yJibTaTbl 6bIJIH BeJIHKonenHhie, pacreHHH 3)J;OpOBbie, ypo>KaH o6HJibHbie H BbICOKOKaqecrBeHHbie, H H He 3aJJ:YMbIBaJICH 0 B03MO:>KHOCTH ern;e 'ITO-TO ycoBeprneHCTBOBaTh. KaK :>Ke H 3a6rry>K,1J;arrrn! HecMOTpH Ha TO, 'ITO npaBHJihHO CMernaHHbie
    BhlCOKOI pacreHHe BCeM Heo6xo,n;HMhIM AJIH npouBeTaHHH, pacreHHHM Hy:>KHo He'ITO 6orrbrnee, qeM TOJihKO npe,n;MeThl nepBOH Heo6xo,n;HMOCTH. PacreHHe He BhDKHBeT 6e3
    IlHTaTeJibHhIX Bern;eCTB, HO HX He,lJ;OCTaTO'lHO JJ:lIH Toro, 'lT06bI pacreHHe CilOJIHa
    pearrH30Barro rno:H noTeHuHarr.

    XoTH ,zi;o6aBKH MoryT H He co,zi;ep:>KaTh 6orrhrnoro

    KOJIH'lecrsa nonnHTKH nrrH pacreHH5!, OHH see :>Ke yrryqrna10T KYJihTYPY, BhmorrH5!H rne,n;y10rn;He
    7

    BHeCeHHe >KH3HeHHO Ba:>KHbIX opraHH'leCKHX COe,lJ;HHeHHH B KOpHeBy:EO 30HY
    H ee 3aIUHTa;

    -7

    yc1
    -7

    CTHMYJIHUHH uBeTeHHH H nrro,n;oHorneHHH;

    7

    a1
    -7

    ycHJieHHe crpyKTYPhl pacreHHH;

    -7

    y,zi;arreHHe H3JIHIIIKOB HeycBOeHHOro IlHTaTeJihHOro Bern;ecrBa.

    TioBbirneHHe npOH3BO)J;HTeJibHOCTH Haca.)l()J;eHHH B03MO:>KHO nocpe.n;crBOM 6orrbrnoro KOJIH'leCTBa ,zi;o6aso1<, HMeIOrn;Hxrn cero,z:i;HH B npo,n;a:>Ke.
    l13 6ece,zi; c pa3HhIMH JIIOnhMH Ha TeMy ,zi;o6aBOK CTaHOBHTrn HCHO, 'ITO MHOrHe,
    ,n;a:>Ke HCI Hy>K)J;aeTrn B nepeMeHHhIX KOJIH'leCTBax MHHepanhHhIX corre:H AJIH co6crBeHHOro
    IlHTaHHH. J1106o:H npo,n;yKT' KOTOpbIH o6ecne'lHBaeT HCTO'IHHK MHHepanhHhIX

    179

    YV1nb51M TEKCbE

    conefi, 6y,a;b TO rrepB11'1HblX, BT0p11'1HblX 11Jll1 M11KpmneMeHTOB, .HBJI.HeTOl IIl1Il{eH
    .[(Jl.H paCTeHl1H. 3Tl1 IIl1TaTeJibHble Bell{eCTBa Heo6xo,a;11Mbl L\ll.H IIOMep>KaHl1.H pacTeHl1.H 11 B r11AporroH11Ke .HBn.s110Trn e,n11HCTBeHHblM 11CTO'IHl1KOM rr11TaH11.si.

    Eorn

    Bbl rrp11MeH.sieTe 11cqeprrbrna10Il{y10 r11ApOIIOHHy10 cpopMyny. TO OHa He TOllbKO
    Heo6xO,lll1Ma, HO 11 AOCTaTO'IHa: OHa 06ecrre'l11BaeT paCTeH11e BCeM, 'ITO Hy>KHO
    ,lln.H MeTa60Jil13Ma. KaK B Teop1111, TaK 11, 'ITO Ba>KHO' Ha rrpaKT11Ke' Bbl rronyq11Te
    O'leHb 3.[(0pOBble paCTeHl1.H 116oraTblH ypo>Kali rrp11 rrp11MeHeH1111 IIOJIHOH CMeCl1
    y.a;o6peH11fi.
    ,[(06aBK11 BbIIIOnH.HlOT cpyHKu;1110, Kornpa.si OTn11qaeTrn OT Ill1TaH11.H pacreHl1H. 0Hl1
    TaIOKe 3aqaCTy10 co.a;ep>KaT Ill1TaTellbHble :meMeHTbl, HO rnaBHblM o6pa30M He B
    Tex KOJil1'1eCTBax, 'ITO B IIl1TaTenbHOM pacrnope. BMeCTO :noro OHl1 cr11Myn11py10T
    11 ycKop.s110T poCT, yKperrn.si.si np11 :noM o6Il{ee 3.a;opoBbe paCTeH11.si, a TaK>Ke ero
    pe311CTeHTHOCTb K HaCeKOMblM 11 rraTOreHHblM 3a6oneBaHl1.HM. Jio6aBKl1 pa60Ta10T
    11Ha'le. 0Hl1 o6ecne'll1BalOT paCTeHl1.H rOTOBblMl1 MOJieKynaM11, 3KOHOM.H Ta1<11M
    o6pa30M 3Hepr1110, KOTOpa.si MO>KeT 6bITb 3aTpa'leHa Ha 'ITO-n1160 .a;pyroe. 0Hl1
    TaK>Ke MoryT IIOCbIJiaTb Cl1rHaJibl paCTeHl110' Bbl3bIBa.H B OTBeT yc11neH11e MeTa6oJll13Ma. AHanorl1'1HblM o6pa30M rrp11CYTCTBl1e Ha pacreH111160JibIIIOro KOJil1'1eCTBa
    rp116KOB 11n116aKTep1111, .a;a>Ke rrone3HblX, aKTl1Bl1311pyeT .a;e.siTenbHOCTb 11MMYHHOH
    Cl1CTeMbl. TaKHe npo.a;yKTbl 061,e.a;11H.HIOTC.H no.a; 0611{11M Ha3BaH11eM «3nl1Cl1TOpbP>'
    TO eCTb Bell{ecrna, l1H,a;yu;11py10Il{ee ycTOH'll1BOCTb pacreHl1H. 0Hl1 He BblIIOJIH.HlOT
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    XOT.H 3Tl1 coe.a;11HeHl1.H 11 11X CBOHCTBa OTKpb!Tbl .a;aBHO, IIOH.HTl1e 3Jll1Cl1TopOB (y
    JllO,lleH eMy COOTBeTCTBYIOT a.n;aIITOreHbl) H 11X rrp11MeHeH11e yKopeH.HlOTC.H Me,a;neHHO. HaIIIa KYllbTypa CKnoHHa npeHe6peraTb npocp11na1 3.[(0pOBb.H 'leJIOBeKa, TaK 11 B ceJibCKOM X03.HHCTBe. l1CIIOJib30BaHl1e 3Jll1CHTOpOB
    - :no u;eJIOCTHblH, BCeCTOpOHHl1H no.a;xo.a; I< 3AOp0BblO paCTeHl1H.
    Cyll{ecrnyeT PM .a;o6aBOK, Ka>K.[(a.si 113 KOTOpb1x MHorocpyHKIJ;l10HaJibHa. PaccMoTp11M caMble pacrrpoCTpaHeHHble 113 Hl1X, 11Me10Il{Hern B rrpo.a;a>Ke Ha cero.a;H.siIIIHHH AeHb.

    KpeMHe3eM
    OH HaX0.[(11TC.H Ha rpaH11 Me>KAy Il11TaTeJibHblM Bell{eCTBOM 11 .a;o6aBKOH.

    ,lln.si Toro

    'IT06bl 3JleMeHT C'111TaJIC.H He3aMeH11MbIM .[(Jl.H paCTeHl1H, He06XOAl1Mbl AOKa3aTeJibCTBa He.[(OCTaTO'IHOCTl1, Bbl3BaHHOH OTCyTCTBl1eM AaHHOrO 3JieMeHTa. (OBpeMeHHall: rH,a;pOIIOHl1Ka crroco6Ha C03,llaBaTb He.[(OCTaTO'IHOCTb B Ill1TaHl111 pacreH11H
    rryTeM IIO,llaBJieHl1.H Toro 11Jll1 11HOrO 3JleMeHTa. TaKl1M o6pa30M COCTaBn.HeTrn
    rrepe'leHb Ml1HepanbHbIX conefr, >Kl13HeHHO He06X0.[(11MbIX .[(Jl.H paCTeHl1.H. 3TOT
    3Kcrrep11MeHT Hl1 pa3y He CTaB11nc.si c KpeMHe3eMOM rnaBHbIM o6pa30M rroTOMY,
    'ITO OH 11MeeTrn B TaKOM H30611n1111, 'ITO TPYAHO C03AaTb cpe.a;y, B 1<0Topol16b1 ero
    He OKa3aJIOCb. 0.a;HaKO 11MelOTC.H y6e.a;11TeJibHbie OCHOBaHH.H C'IHTaTb KpeMHe3eM
    >Kl13HeHHO Ba>KHbIM 3JieMeHTOM.
    B n1060M cnyqae, ecn11 .a;o6aBI1Tb B n11TaTenbHbIH paCTBOp c11n11KaTHOH rnHHbI,
    TO OHa 6y.a;eT HCIIOJIH.HTb AJI.H paCTeHHH PM cpyHKIJ;l1H. Ilocne pacrnopeHl1.H OHa
    rrornoll{aeTrn B BH,a;e KpeMHHeBOH KHcnOTbI, rrpOHHKaeT B 1 HX crpoeH11e. 3TO 03HaqaeT, 'ITO OHH CTaHOB.HTC.H 6onee pe3I1CTeHTHblMI1 K B03-

    180

    1111,[\POnOHl/IKA ,[\Jl51 BCEX

    ,z:i;efiCTBHIO HaceKoMbIX, K0Topb1M Tenepb 6y,z:i;eT TPYAHee pa3pbIBaTb creHKH KJiernK.
    OHH ro,D;HTOI AJIH paCTeHHH, KOTOpb!e 6011ee YH3BHMbl K TaKHM Hana.LJ;eHMHM.
    Hoy KpeMHe3eMa eCTb H Apyr11e npe11My~eCTBa: B IlHTaTeJibHOM paCTBope OH
    cnoco6CTByeT CTa61111113au;1111 pH. OH TaIOKe 3a~HI.l\aeT KopHH OT nnoreHHblX
    rp116KOB, y611BaH HX cnopbl np11 conpHKOCHOBeHHH.
    KpeMHe3eM MO:>KHO HaHTH B npo,z:i;a)l{e B )!{11,ll;KOH wm nopolllK006pa3HOH cpopMe. B
    nepBOM Clly cpe,z:i;CTBa 06ecneqeH11H KpeMHe3eMoM; o,z:i;Ha1<0 oH orpaH11'-leH CBoeii nnoxoii pacTBop11MoCTbIO Ha Tex ypoBHHX pH, KOTOpble np11MeHHIOTCH B IlHTaTeJibHblX pacTBOpax. Bo BTopoM cnyqae KpeMHe3eM npHHHMaeT cpopMy CHJIHKaTHOH rlIHHbl,
    KoTopaH oqeHb 6oraTa c11n11KaTaM11 11 co,z:i;ep)l{HT PM none3HbIX MI1Kp03neMeHTOB. 3Ty rmrny MO>KHO np11MeHHTb Hapy>KHO B Bl1,1l;e nopolllKa ,ll;JIH HaHeCeHHH
    Ha JIHCTBY H BOKpyr CTe6nH BO l136e>KaHI1e rp116KOBbIX nopa)l{eH11i1. 0Ha TaIOKe
    ro,D;HTCH AJIH BHyTpeHHero npHMeHeHHH B IlHTaTeJibHOM paCTBope AJIH nor110l.l\eHHH paCTeHHeM.
    ,[(06aBJieH11e KpeMHe3eMa He ,z:i;aeT >KHBOilHCHbIX pe3ynbTaTOB IlOTOMY '-ITO' npe>K.D:e
    Bcero. OH HBJIHeTCH npeBeHTHBHblM Be~eCTBOM. 0,z:i;HaKO CBe,z:i;y~HH pacTeHHeBOA
    6bICTpo 3aMeTHT' '-ITO ero paCTeHHH CTaJIH 3,D;opoBee, qeM o6bI'IHO, '-ITO HallleCTBHH HaceKoMblX oCTaJIHCb B npolllJioM H '-ITO pH cra11 6011ee ycroii'IHBblM. He
    ,z:i;o6aBJIHHTe KpeMHe3eM B pacTBop, ern11 Bbl l1HTpo,z:i;yu11pyeTe no11e3Hble rp116K11
    111111 6aKTep1111. OH He 0611a.LJ;aeT H3611paTeJibHblMH CBOHCTBaMH 11 y611BaeT KaK
    BparoB, TaK H ,z:i;py3efi.
    ,Upyr11M HCTO'IHHKOM KpeMHe3eMa, Ha 3TOT pa3 opraHM'leCKoro HBJIHeTCH KpaIlHBHblH HaCTOH. 3To o6bI'IHbIH HaCToH, KOTOpbIH no11yqa10T BblMa'll1BaH11eM
    Kpanl1Bbl B BO,D;e (10 lII1TpOB Ha 1 Kr Hape3aHHOH Kpanl1Bbl) AO Haqana cpepMeHTaUHH. Tipouecc ,ll;JIHTCH 1-2 He,D;eJIH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT TeMnepnypbl. Bbl 3aMeTI1Te
    o6pa30BaH11e ny3bipbKOB, BepHblH npH3HaK 6po)!(eHirn. Kor,z:i;a Hacrni1 6y,z:i;eT
    rOTOB, 0Tcpl1llbTpyi1Te ero H pa3nei1Te B 6yTbIJIKH. BCH XHTpOCTb 3aKJIIO'laeTCH B
    TOM, 'IT06b1 npOI13BeCTH p03JIHB BOBpeMH!
    KpanMBHb!H HaCTOH xpaHHT HeCKOJibKO He,D;eJib np11 KOMHaTHOH TeMnepaType. no
    YTPaM OH HCTO'laeT HenOBTOpI1MbIH apoMaT KOHIDillHH! OH naxHeT KaK KOHCKHH
    HaB03, 3aTo none3eH AJIH Balll11x pacTeH11i1! OH np11BHOCHT opraH11'1eCKHH I
    BblTeKaIO~HMH

    npe11Myl.l\eCTBaMI1, a TaIOKe HBJIHeTCH HCTO'IHHKOM

    ,ll;OilOJIHHTeJibHOro opraHH'leCKOrO a30Ta; OH HBJIHeTCH 3aMe'laTeJibHblM npo,z:i;yKTOM ,ll;JIH npocp11naKTHKH OT HaCeKOMbIX, oco6eHHO TJIH H y>KaCHbIX Kllel.l\HKOB
    na YTHHHbix. Hcnonb3YHTe HaCTofi AJIH onpbICKMBaHMH np11 ,z:i;ernT11npou;eHTHOM
    pa36aBJieHHH

    (100 MJI/n). OH o6na.LJ;aeT HHCeKTHUH,ll;HblMH CBOHCTBaMH ,z:i;a>Ke B
    (SO Mn/n). OH MO)!(eT pa6oTaTb H B 6onee rna6oM

    nHT11npoueHTHOM pacTBope
    paCTBOpe

    (20 MJI/n).

    lyMambJ
    fyMaTbr - 6onblllOe CeMeHCTBO MOJieKyn c IlOXO)KHMH xapaKTepHCTHKaMH' KOTOpble
    onpe,z:i;eJIHIOTCH CKOpee cnoco6oM HX 3KCTpaKUHH, a He XHMH'leCKHM CTpoeHHeM.
    fyMaTbI - npo,z:i;yKT pa3JIO>KeHHH opraHHKH. Pa3yMeeTCH, OHH HaXO,ll;HTCH B rpyH-

    181

    Yl!1nb51M TEKCbE

    Te. OHM rrpe,z:i;CTaBmnoT co6o:H BCero lIMWb He60libIIIYID qaCTb pa3110>KMBIIIerorn
    Belll;eCTBa; OCTaJibHOe COCTOMT M3 MHHepaJIOB, KOTOpblMH IIMTaeTrn paCTeHMe.
    KaqeCTBO rroqBbl, ITOMMMO rrpoqMx rrapaMeTpOB, 3aBMCMT OT co.a:ep>KaHHH B He:H
    ryMaTOB. CeMeHCTBO COCTOMT M3 Tpex cppaKu;MH B COOTBeTCTBI1M c M011eKy11HpHblM BeCOM: ryMMHOBOH KI1CJI0Tbl c CaMbIM BblCOKMM Mo11er y11hMMHOBOH KHClIOThI (HerrpMro.a:Ho:H M.H HaWMx u;e11e:H) 11 cpy11bBOKMCJIOTbI c
    MOlierKeCTBO aKTMBHblX
    u;eHTpoB M 6011b1IIa.H pacrnop11MOCTb. XMMM.H ryMaTOB CJIO>KHa.

    K 3TOH KaTeropMM

    rrpMqMCJieHbl 6011ee MHlilIMOHa pa311MqHbIX MOlieKylI. TeM He MeHee, y HMX eCTb
    o6WHOCTb c TOqKM 3peHMH coCTaBa M CTPYKTYPhl. ~
    fyMaTbl HBlI.SllOTCH aKTMBHbIM 311eMeHTOM rroqBbl. ,ll,o6aB11HH MX B rroqBy MlIM B
    ITMTaTelibHblH paCTBOp, Bbl TaKMM o6pa30M ITOBbIIIIaeTe aKTMBHOCTb pacTeHMH. B
    CBeTe BbIWeCKa3aHHOrO 11erKO ITOHHTb, qTO BCe rrpo.a:yKTbl Ha OCHOBe ryMMHOBOH
    KMCJIOTbl MlIM cpylibBOKMClIOTbl, MMelOlll;Mern B rrpo.a:a>Ke, pa3Hbie. 3TO 3HaqMT,
    qTo KOHIJ;eHTpau;MH aKTMBHOrO Belll;eCTBa HaM He ITOMO>KeT' ITOTOMY qTO aKTMBHOCTb 3aBMCI1T He OT KOHIJ;eHTpau;MM, a OT MCTOqHMKa rrpo.a:yr aKTMBHblX u;eHTpOB! l1x .a:o6bIBalOT 113 MHHepana ITO,ll; Ha3BaHHeM 11e0Hap,ll;MT' HO
    He BCe MeCTopo>I<;:(eHMH 11eoHap,ll;MTa O,ll;MHaKOBbl. Hy>KHO ITOCTaBMTb MHO>KeCTBO
    OITblTOB, qT06bI HattTM CaMbIH 3cpcpeKTMBHbIH rrpo.a:yKT.
    ,ll,ettCTBHH ryMaTOB HeBepOHTHO pa3H006pa3Hbl.
    Bo-rrepBblX, ryMaTbI ITOBbIWalOT Bo.a:oy.a:ep>KMBaIOlll;YIO crroco6HOCTb rroqBbl, y11yqIIIa10T ee BeHTMlIHIJ;MIO, YCMlIMBalOT cpaKTypy, He ,ll;alOT ef1 BblCbIXaTb BO BpeMH
    3acyxM, .a:e11a10T rroqBy 6011ee 11erKof1 11 crroco6crny10T rrpe.a:oTBparueHMIO 3p03MM.
    Ha XMMMqeCKOM ypoBHe ryMaTbI y.a:ep>KMBaIDT HepacrnopMMble 311eMeHTbl B KopHeBOH 30He. OHM co.a:ettCTBYIDT rrpeo6pa3oBaHMIO HeKOTOpbIX M3 3TMX 311eMeHTOB
    B cpopMy, 11errI<.n:aIOT» MX,
    qT06bI pacTeHMe MOrJIO MX ITOrJIOTMTb. OHM 0611a}:la10T CMlibHblMH MOH006MeHHbIMM CBOHCTBaMM I 6ycpepHblH 3cpcpeKT B rroqBe, a TaK>Ke B IIMTaTeJibHOM pacrnope. OHM yBeJIMq11BaIOT
    KOJrnqeCTBO ,ll;OCTYITHOrO HMTpaTa. HaKOHeu;, OHM 6oraTbr opraHHKOH M MMHepaJibHblMH BerueCTBaMM, He3aMeHMMblMM ,ll;lIH poCTa pacTeHMH.
    Ha 611011orMqeCKOM ypOBHe OHM CTHMYlIMPYIDT MeTa60lIM3M, ycKopHH .a:e11eHMe
    KJieTOK M aKTMBM3MpyH poCT B KOpHeBOH 3oHe. OHM yCKopHIDT rrpopaCTaHMe ceMHH, crroco6cTBYIOT yrnoeHMIO ITMTaTelibHblX Belll;eCTB, CTMMYlIMPYIDT MMKpo6HYIO >KM3Hb B KOpHeBOH 30He, rroMoraIOT cpoTOCMHTe3y, yBe11MqMBa10T ,ll;bixaHMe
    KOpHett M CTMMY11Mpy10T 3H3MMHYID aKTMBHOCTb.
    ,ll,aHHhIH BHYIIIMTeJibHhIH rrepeqeHb B03,ll;ef1crnM:H crroco6crnyeT ITOBbIWeHMID
    rrorrynHpHOCTM ryMaTOB cpe.a:11 ca,r:i;OBO,ll;OB. fyMaTbI .a:o6aBJIHIOT rrpM ITOJIMBe rroqBbl MJIM paCTBOpHIOT B ITMTaTeJibHOM paCTBOpe. OHH TaK>Ke 3cpcpeKTHBHbl, r 11CIT011b3YIDTCH ,ll;lIH orrpbICKHBaHHH lIHCTBbI.
    C TOqK11 3peHHH rrpo.a:yKu;1111 BbICIIIero Kaqecrna ryMaTbr 11 oco6eHHO cpy11bBoKHCJIOTa - caMaH aKTHBHaH cppaKIJ;HH. OHH no-npe>KHeMy MOH caMhie 11106HMbie
    cpe,z:i;CTBa 03,ll;OpOBlieHHH pacreHHH' ITOBbIIIIeHHH Ka qeCTBa M KOlIHqeCTBa ypo>KaH.
    HH O,ll;HH .a:pyroi1 npo.a:yKT He 0611a.r:i;aeT TaKHM IIIHpOKMM H pa3HOo6pa3HbIM ,ll;Ha rra30HOM .a:eHCTBMH. Eo11ee TOro' 3TO HaTypanbHblH rrpo.a:yKT' O,ll;HH M3 >KM3HeHHO

    182



    •••

    YV1flb5!M TEKCbE

    Ba>KHhlX 3JieMeHTOB IIO'iBbl, KOTOpbIH MO}l{eT l1CIIOJib30BaTbCH l1 B opraHl1'ieCKOM
    paCTeHl1eBO,D;CTBe.

    Pacmume11bHb1e 3KcmpaKmbJ
    (cmuMy1151mopb1)
    Kai< rne.o;yeT 113 Ha3BaHl1H, 3TO COe,D;l1HeHml, aKTl1B11py10~11e MeTa6oJil13M pacTeHl1H. oOJibllll1HCTBO rrpO'il1X, OIIl1CaHHblX Bblllle rrpo.o;yKTOB TO>Ke MO>KHO Ha3BaTb CTl1MYJIHTopaM11, HOH rrp11MeHHIO 3TO Ha3BaH11e TOJibKO K rrpo.o;yKTaM,
    l1CIIOJib3YIO~l1M

    HaTypanbHbie paCTl1TeJibHbie 3KCTpaKTbl B Ka'leCTBe aKTl1BHbIX

    IIpl1HIJ;l1IIOB.
    PaCTl1TeJihHbre 3KCTpaKTbI rrpe.o;CTaBJIHIOT co6o:H 6oJibllloe ceMei1cTBO rrpo.o;yKTOB
    l1 6brnaIOT sceB03MO>KHbix pa3HOBl1AHOCTei1 - CTl1MYJIHTopaM11 KopHei1, poCTa,
    u;BeTeHl1H l1 T. II. 0Hl1 COCTaBJIHIOT CeMeHCTBO, 6onee scero 3aCJiy>Kl1BaIO~ee
    3BaHl1H «3Jil1Cl1TOpOB». MHO>KeCTBO paCTeHl1H Cl1HTe311pyeT MOJieKyJibI, KOTOpble
    HaIIpHMYIO He CBH3aHbl c l1X MeTa60Jil13MOM. HeKOTOpbie MOJieKyJihl IIOJie3Hbl MH
    BbDKl1BaHl1H pacTeHl1H. Harrp11Mep, 0Hl1 MoryT rrp11.o;aBaTb paCTeHl1HM rOpbKl1H
    BKyc, .o;enaH l1X Manorrpl1BJieIKl1BOTHblX, n1160 0Hl1
    IIOMoraIOT paCTeHl1HM BbI,D;ep>Kl1BaTb >Kapy l1Jll1 XOJIO,D;. 0Hl1 TaK}l{e HBJIHIOTCH
    Xl1Ml1'ieCKl1M opy>Kl1eM. rrpl1MeHHeMblM paCTeHl1HMl1 B HeCKOH'laeMOH 6opb6e
    3a rrpoCTpaHCTBO, CBeT l1 IIl1TaHl1e. B HeKOTOpbIX cnyqaHx Bbrron:a D:JIH paCTeHl1H
    O'ieBl1,D;Ha. HO BO MHOrl1X rnyqaHx .o;aneKO He CTOJib O'leBl1D:HO. IIO'leMy paCTeHl1H
    TpaTHT 3Heprl1IO Ha l1X rrpol13BO,D;CTBO. Bee 3Tl1 MOJieI TepMl1HOM "BT0pl1'1Hble MeTa60Jil1Tbl". C10.o;a OTHOCHTCH He3aMeHl1Mble Macna,
    TaHl1Hbl, anKaJIOl1,D;bl, JiaTeKC, rJil1K03l1,D;bl, TeprreHbl l1 MHoroe .o;pyroe. 3Tl1 >Ke
    BTOpl1'iHhie MeTa60Jil1TbI 06ecrreq11sa10T Hae pHAOM ne1 Macen. CM OJI. TaHl1HOB D:JIH BbI,D;eJIKl1 KO>Kl1, rrp11po,D;HblMl1 l1HCeKTl1IJ;l1,D;aMl1,
    Kyn11HapHbIMl1 crreu;11HM11, rrp11rrpasaM1111 MHor11M .o;pyr11M. I1p11pon:a cHafoKaeT
    Hae TbICH'laMl1 TaKl1X COe,D;l1HeHl1H. l1 O,D;l1H Bl1,D; paCTeHl1H cnoco6eH rrpOl13BeCTl1
    l1X B 60JibllIOM accopTl1MeHTe.
    Cpen:11 BTOpl1'IHblX MeTa60Jil1TOB Mbl l1 HaXO,D;l1M CTpOl1TeJibHblH MaTep11arr MH
    CTl1MYJIHTOpOB. 0Hl1 3I OilbITa, IKeT IIOCTaBl1Tb CaMOCTOHTeJibHO.
    11sa rrnaKy'laH

    (Salix) co.o;ep>KHT MoJieKyJihl, secbMa rr0Mora10~11e qepeHI
    pa3Bl1BaTb KOpHH. Hape>KbTe l1BOBbIX rrpyTbeB ,D;Jll1HOH

    10 CM

    l1 HeCKOJibKO ,D;He:H

    BbIMa'il1Bai1Te l1X B BO,D;e. 3aTeM Mo>KeTe l1CIIOJib30BaTb 3TY Bo.o;y B Ka'leCTBe CTl1MYJIHTOpa poCTa KOpHei1, rron11BaH e10 qepeHI B 3TOH BO,D;e rrepe.o; BbICa.LlKOH. Bbl 6y.o;eTe nopa>KeHbl, HaCKOJibKO 3¢¢eKTl1BHblM
    MO)KeT OKa3aTbCH BbIMa'l11BaH11e.
    B 3aBl1Cl1MOCTl10TpacreHl1H, Bbr6paHHoron:nH 3KCTpaIKe OT npou;ecca
    MO>KHO ,D;OCTl1'ib 6oJibllIOro pa3HOo6pa3l1H 3¢¢eKTOB. B u;enoM CTl1MYJIHTOpbr He
    TOJlbKO IIOBbilllaIOT norJIOTl1TeJibHYIO crroco6HOCTb Ill1TaTeJibHblX 3JieMeHTOB, HO
    l1 cnoco6cTBy10T l1x nepe.o;sm1
    184

    11!1,0POnOHl!1KA ,0!151 BCEX

    poCTy Cl1JlbHOH KOpHeBOH Cl1CTeMbl. B pe3yJihTaTe y11y1unaeTCH o6ru;ee COCTOHHl1e
    3JJ:OpOBbH paCTeHl1H, a TaIOKe ero cnoco6HOCTb rrpOTl1BOJJ:eHCTBOBaTb rp1161 naToreHaM.
    B JJ:OilOJIHeHl1e K 3TOMY «BHyTpeHHeMy» 3¢¢eKTY CTl1MYJIHTOpbl eru;e l1rpalOT pOJib
    BO BHernHefi cpeJJ:e paCTeHl1H. 0Hl1 611aronp11HTCTBY10T pa3Bl1Tl1l0 APY>KecrBeHHhIX
    Ml1KpoopraHl13MOB B KOpHeBOH 30He, 06ecneq11BaH OilTl1MaJibHOe HaCa>r<.neHl1e
    paCTeHl1H B CBOeM 01KeHl1l1.
    CTl1MYJIHTOpbl HBJIHIOTCH H0Bl1HKOH B CeJibCKOM X03HHCTBe. I10Haqa11y 0Hl1 l1ffiOJib30BaJil1Cb TOJibKO BJia,ne11bu;aMl1 napHl1KOB, Ill1TOMHl1KOB l1 KOJIJieI paCTeHl1H. B u;eJIOM 0Hl1 rrp11MeHHJil1Cb AJIH paCTeHl1H, ,nalOIUl1X 6oJihillYIO no6aBJieHHYIO CTOl1MOCTb. Ma110-rr0Ma11y 0Hl1 CTaJil1 BHe,ll;pHTbCH B noJieBOe CeJibCKOe
    X03HHCTBO • .Ua>Ke ec1111 u;eHa Ha Hl1X BblCOKa, BO MH0fl1X rnyqaHX 3KOHOMl1qecKa.sI
    BbirOJJ:a 3Haq11TeJibHO nepeKpbIBaeT l1X CTOl1MOCTb. Hx np11MeHeH11e T0pM03l1T
    He CTOJibKO u;eHa, CKOJibKO perJiaMeHTau;11.si, KOTOpa.si He nocneBaeT 3a HayqHbIM
    nporpeCCOM. B TO >Ke BpeMR 1106611CTbl 113 60Jibilll1X Xl1Ml1qeCKl1X rpynrr He >KeJiaIOT, qTo6bI HaTypaJibHbie npOAYKTbl nona,ll;aJil1 Ha pbIHOK l1 BbITeCHHJil1 l1X
    co6crneHHYIO npon:yKIJ;l1lO.

    /opMOHbl
    ropMOH - 3TO Xl1Ml1qeCKl1H BeCTHl1K, KOTOpbIH JlOCTaBJIReT coo6rueHl1e OT O]lHOH
    KJieTirn (111111 rpynnhI I a1 paCTeHl1RMl1 B OKpy>KalOIUYIO cpeJJ:y, B KOpHeByIO 30HY 111160 B aTMOC¢epy (KaK
    Harrp11Mep, 3THJieH). B np11MeHeH1111 K pacTeHl1RM ropMOHhI CJieJJ:yeT Ha3bIBaTb
    ¢l1TOrOpMOHaMl1. B OTJI11q11e OT Ml1pa Il03BOHOqHbIX, y paCTeHl1H HeT oco6brx
    opraHoB JlJIH Cl1HTe3a co6CTBeHHhIX ropMoHoB. B 6011hrul1HCTBe rnyqaeB OHl1 npoAyu;11py10TCH TaM, f,ll;e B Hl1X eCTb nOTpe6HOCTh. ropMOHbl >Kl13HeHHO Ba>KHhl AJIR
    paCTl1TeJibHOro Ml1pa. 0Hl1 pery1111py10T Bech >Kl13HeHHbIH IJ;l1KJI paCTeHl1H. 0Hl1
    B03,ll;eHCTBYIOT Ha poCT l1 Mop¢0JIOfl1lO; 0Hl1 TaIOKe KOHTp01111py10T BCe CTa)J;l1l1
    )l(l13Hl1 paCTeHHR OT npopaCTaHl1R CeMeHl1 (BKJIIOql1TeJibHO). 0Hl1 3anyc1 rrpou;ecc u;BeTeH11.si, a TaIOKe OTBeqalOT 3a non u;BeTKa. 0Hl1 pery1111py10T npoJJ:OJI>Kl1TeJibHOCTh >Kl13Hl1 Jll1CTbeB l1 IlJIOJJ:OB, C03peBaHl1e' CTapeHl1e IIOBepxHOCTl1
    l1 na>Ke r116e11b paCTeHl1H.
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    185

    Yl!1flb5lM TEKCbE

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    186

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    187

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    (100

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    188

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    190

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    r11,n:ponoH11Ke») no epaBHeHl1IO e M011M HOBbIM opraH11qeeKl1M Ill1TaTeJibHbIM
    BemeeTBOM. nonyq11n11eb seebMa JII06onbITHbre pe3yJihTaTbI. KaK y>Ke roBop11noeb
    Bbl Ille, ypoBeHb ,n:ocrynHoro a30Ta .SIBJI.SieTC.SI OAHOH 113 oeHOBHblX xapaKTep11cr11K,
    OTJI11qaIOm11x opraH11qeeKoe n11TaTeJibHOe semeeTBO OT Ml1HepaJibHOro.

    B oeHOBe

    611onoH11K11 ne>Kl1T H,n:e.SI yeTo:fiq11soro eenbeKoro X03.SIHeTBa. Uenb -,n:aBaTh paeTeH11IO MeHbllle a30Ta 11e,n:B11raTb6anaHe B IlOJib3Y eTa.n:1111UBeTeHl1.Sl11 rIJIOAOHOllleHl1.Sl. a He BereTaTl1BHOro pocra, KOTOpblH MO>KeT 6b1Tb H306l1JibHbIM, HO l1HOH
    pa3 COBepllleHHO HeHy>KHbIM. l1HTepeeHOH oco6eHHOeTblO 611onOHl1Kl1 .SIBJI.SieTC.SI
    OTHOllleH11e 6110MaeebI K BblXOAY none3HOH npo,n:yKUl111. Hanp11Mep. ):(JI.SI Toro
    >Ke ypo>Ka.SI, eKa:>KeM, 10 Kr IlOMl1,n:opoB, KOJil1qeCTBO BeTOK 11 Jil1eTbeB npH 6110IlOHl1Ke 6y):leT HaMHoro MeHbllle, qeM np11 e6ope Tex >Ke 10 Kr, BbrpameHHblX Ha
    MHHepanbHOM paernope. 3To oqeHb 3KOHOMHbIH enoco6 KYJibTHBau1111, noeKOJihKY
    noTpe6neH11e BOAhl H Ill1TaTeJibHblX BemeeTB cocraBJI.SieT Manyro AOJIIO OT Toro,
    qTo Heo6xoi::i;11Mo 3aTPaTHTh np11 .n:pyr11x MeTo,n:ax pacreHHeBOACTBa.

    B 611onoH11Ke

    coqeTaIOTC.SI npe11MymeeTBa r11,n:ponoH11K11 11 opratt11qeeKoro 3eMne,n:en11.SI.
    fOBOp.SI 0 BlKH,n:an 60JiblllOH pa3Hl1l.{bl' 1160 Ha Ml1HepaJibHbIX n11TaTeJibHblX BemecrBax BblCOKoro KaqeeTBa .SI Bb1pam11BaIO Bryette:Hllll1e npoi::i;yKTbI, 3aqaeTyIO npe.n:noq11TaeMble llle¢-noBapaM11 nyqlllHX pecmpattos
    M11pa. K MOeMy y.n:11sneHHIO, ye11n11nrn apoMaT 11 n0Bb1e11naeb eaxap11croeTb seex
    Bl1AOB paCTeHl1H, e KOTOpb1Ml1 .SI 31 HenblTaJI 3TO 611on11TaTeJibHOe BemecTBO B rpyHTe' 11 OHO TBOp111IO qy.n:eea. On.SITbTaKl1 Bee, qTo xopolllo 3apeKOMeH,n:oBano ee6.SI B r11,n:ponoH11Ke, TaK >Ke xopolllo
    epa6oTaeT 11 B rpyHTe.

    199

    YV1nb51M TEKCbE

    He see ni:,n;ponoHHbie e11creMbI np11enoco6JieHbI I< 611onoHH1 IKHSOe. L!TO eCTh s Balll11X eHeTeMax, 6y,n;eT
    norJIOU\aTh KHeJiopo,n;! rp116I<11, 6a1 eJienosaTeJibHO, noTpe6JI.HIOT 1rnrnopo,n;. IloTpe6JieHHe KHCJIOpo,n;a s llHTaTenbHOM
    pacrsope 3HaLIHTeJibHO B03paeTeT no epasHeHHIO e nHTaTeJibHbIM Sell\eCTSOM Ha
    MHHepaJibHOH oeHOBe, .n;a>Ke eCJIH Bbl HenOJib3yeTe MHKpoopraHH3Mbl B MHHepaJihHOM paernope. B HOHHOH epe,n;e pa3Mephr MH1 MeHbllle. Bbl He MO>KeTe 11enOJib30BaTb KaneJihHbie eHeTeMbl; Bbl ,ll;OJI>KHhl npHMeH.HTh onph1e1<11BaTeJIH, a He KanJIH, ,n;a6hl o6eeneLIHTh noeTO.HHHOe Haehlll\eH11e
    1rnrnopo,n;oM BO Beeii: KOpHeBOM 30He. B03.ll;YlllHbie HacoebI romnrn, HO TOJihKO B
    eaMbIX MaJibIX eHeTeMax.
    0.n;Ho H3 eepbe3HeHlllHX npeHMyll\eeTB 611onoHHKH, KOTOpoe .H o6Hapyxarn s
    xone 3KenepHMeHTOB, 3aI eTaHOBHTrn sHylllHTeJibHbIM npen.HTeTBHeMnJI.H naToreHOB. KopH113cpcpe1 3all\Hll\eHhl orpoMHOH apMHeii noJie3HblX opraHH3MOS, H HHKaKHe naToreHbl
    He MoryT TYT npmKHTbC.H. ErnH Bbl o6eeneLIHTe HM xopolllyro 01 IKeHHH!
    06pall\eHHe e rHnponoHHo:H eHeTeMoif, npeBpall\eHHOH B opraH11qee1 60Jibllle BHHMaHl1.H, qeM Tpa,n;111.1;110HHhie r11,n;ponoHHble MeTO,ll;bl Ha MHHepaJihHOH
    oeHOBe. Hee TOL!KH 3peHH.H 3aTpaT speMeHH, a B eMbieJie "BH3yaJihHOro Ha6JI10,n;eHH.H H BHHMaHH.H». IlpH o6pall\eHHH e 6HonOHHKOH rJia3 He MeHee Ba>KeH,
    qeM pH H npOBO,ll;HMOeTb. Ilorne,n;HHe ,D;Ba napaMeTPa HrpaIOT MeHblilYIO pollh B
    6HOllOHHI
    npoaoauMOCmb
    3TO eaMa.H eJIO>KHa.H qaeTh 6HOllOHHOrO npo1.1;eeea. IloeKOJihKY llHTaTeJibHbie Bell\eeTBa HaXO,ll;.!ITe.!l s KOMnJieKee e opraHHqeeKHMH MOJieKyJiaMH. OHH He HeeyT
    3JieKTpHqeeKoro 3ap.!l,ll;a. (Jie,D;OBaTeJibHO, OHH He eqHThIBaIOTC.!l KOH,n;yKTOMeTpOM. Kor,n;a Bbl paeTBOp.!IeTe nHTaTeJibHoe Sell\eeTBO B so,n;e, TOJibKO Malla.II ero
    ,ll;OJI.!l TOTqae paeTBOp.HeTC.!l 11 npeo6pa3yeTC.!l B 110Hhl, Bbl3b1Ba.H OLieHh H113I nposo,n;HMOeTb. OeTaJibHoe Haxo,n;HTC.H BO B3BellleHHOM eoeTORHHH. HeeMOTP.!l
    Ha H113KHe noKa3aHHR np116opa, Tenepb y>Ke s nHTaTeJibHOM pacrBope HMeeTrn
    3anae nHTaTeJibHblX Bell\eern. BoT TyT-TO H B03H111I KOTopoe 3TH nHTaTeJibHbie Bell\eeTBa 6yn;yT paernopeHhl, 3aBHeHT OT HeeKOJihKHX
    napaMeTpos, H TyT 6brna10T 3HaLIHTeJibHble 1<0Jie6aHH.!l. KJI10qesoi1 cpa11 B 3aBHeHMOeTH OT KOJie6aHHH TeMneparyphl B IlHTaTeJibHOM paernope. Ern11 B
    pacrsope nepe1136bITOK opraH11Kl1, TO nOShillleHHe TeMnepaTypbl MO>KeT IlOBbleHTb
    npoBO,ll;HMOeTh ,n;o y6m1eTBeHHOro ypoBH.!l ,ll;JI.!l SalllHX pacreHHM. H 3TO MO>I npmnoi1T11ocero3a 12 qaeoB! Bo,n;a,n;omKHa eo,n;ep>KaTh «Ha,n;Jie>Kall\ee KOJIHLiecTso»
    pe3epBHbIX llHTaTeJibHbIX Bell\eeTB, L!TO 6bI 3TO HH 3HaLIHJIO! Ho H3MepHTb 3TO
    Ha,n;Jie>Kall\ee KOJIHLieeTBO HHKaK HeB03MO>KHO. IlpaSHJibHhlM 6aJiaHe He Beer,n;a
    JierKo Haii:TH. BoT TyT-TO H np11ro,n;HTC.H rna3oMep pacreH11eBo,n;a! Hy>KHO Ha1<0nHTb OllbIT o6pall\eHH.!l e eHCTeMOM B Ballleii: KOHKpeTHOM OKpy>KaIOU\eM epe,n;e H

    200

    1111,llPOnOHl!lKA ,ll!l51 BCEX

    yMeTb HaHTH. 3TO caMoe «Ha,z:vie)! He COBeeM Y>K BCJierry10: Ha IIOMO~b BaM rrpH.AeT rrpoBOAH.MOCTb.
    Hal.J.HH.Te e IIOKa3aTeJI.SI rrpoBOAH.MOeTH. OKOJIO 0,65 MC (0,6 AO 0,7 MC). ,IJ,JUI Ha1.J.aJia BIIOJIHe AOCTaTOl.J.HO H. 3TOH HH.3KOH rrpoBOAH.MOCTH.. IlOBbllllaHTe ee rrocrerreHHO B Tel.J.eHH.e He,a;eJIH. AO OTMeTKH.

    l MC. IloKa OAHH. IIH.TaTeJibHble 3JieMeHTbl

    BblCB060>KAaIOTCH, Apyr11.e rrorno~aIOTCH pacreHmIMH., H. rrpoBO,llH.MOeTb 6y.o;eT
    ocraBaTbCH B paBHOBeCH.H. Ha TOH >r Ka>IKHO
    rrpe.o;BH..D;eTb 3TO IIOHIDI opraHH.KH. ,IJ.o6aBJIHHTe rr11.TaTeJibHb1e Be~ecrBa TOJibKO TorAa, KOrAa rrpoBoAHMOCTb orryeKaeTrn HH.>Ke 0,8, HO He IIOAHH.MaHTe Bblllle 1. IlpoAOJI:>KaHTe, He
    MeHHH IIH.TaTeJibHOro pacrBopa, IIOMep:>l Bbl y>Ke C03AaJIH. AJIH KOpHeH.
    ,IJ.pyroe Ba>KIIOe o6eTOHTeJibeTBO - 3TO 3AOpOBbe H. pa3Mepbl MH.Kpo6HOH rrorrynHUH.H.. Ern11. BaM yAacrrn Haea.o;H.Tb 11. 06yeTpo11.Tb 6oJibIIIYIO 3Aop0By10 M11.Kpo6Hy10
    rrorrynHu11.10, TO Bbl 06ecrre1.J.11.Te ce6e ycrreIIIHbIH ypo)l(aH. 3Ta rrorrynHUHH He
    AOJI:>I HH.MaJibHblM). Hal.J.HH.Te e OAHOro IIITaMMa rp11.6Ka (H rrpeAIIOl.J.H.TaIO triehoderma
    harzianum, IIITaMM ru). Ilpouecc Hal.J.HeTCH, a OCTaJibHble MH.Kp06bl co6epyTCH
    Ha IIH.pIIIeeTBO H. yeKOpHT pa3JIO)KeHH.e. IloKa paeTBop xopoIIIo OKe11.reH11.pyeTrn,
    BpeAHble 6a1aep11.11. B HeM He rrpH.)IrnByTrn. He)! - aHa3po6Hble 6aKTep11.11..

    YpoaeHb pH
    B rrpoueeee KYJibTHBau11.11. pH TPYAHee rro,llAaeTrn cra6HJIH.3aUH.H, 1.J.eM B MH.HepanbHOH r11..o;porroHH.Ke, rroToMy 1.J.TO pernaMeHTbl opraH11.1.J.eCKOro pacreH11.eBOACTBa
    HeCKOJibKO CBOeBOJibHO 3arrpe~aIOT rrpH.MeHeHH.e HeKOTOpblX H.CKJIIOl.J.H.TeJibHO
    3¢¢eKTH.BHblX 6y¢epoB! 3TO 03Ha1.J.aeT. 1.J.TO pH 6yAeT IIOAHH.MaTbCH, KaK 3TO eMy
    rno11eTBeHHO, ern11. He Aep)I Ho pH He TaK Ba)l(eH B 611.orroHH.Ke. MO)l(HO 6e3 rrpo6neM paCTHHyTb TpaJ:IHUH.OHHblH rrpeAeJI OT «6,5» AO «7,5». Bblllle7,5 pH rne.o;yeT Me.a;neHHO IIOHH.)I HO rrocne,a;oBaTeJibHO, 3a CTepH.OA OT 5 AO 6 AHef1. IloHmKaf1Te pH rroeTerreHHO,
    Mano-rroMany 11. Ka>K,llblH pa3 xopoIIIeHbKO pa36aBnHI1Te. 3an11.Bal1Te B 6aK rroAaJibIIIe OT Haeoea (H.JIH. e BblKJIIOl.J.eHHblM HacoeoM). 3TO IIOMO)I H36e)! MH.KpoopraHH.3Mbl OT pe3KH.X H.3MeHeHH.i1; IIOTOK KOHUeHTpH.poBaHHOH KH.CJIOTbl
    erroeo6eH y6H.Tb Bee )I ECJIH Bbl H.eTH.HHblH 6opeu 3a H.AeH opraHH.1.J.eeKoro paCTeHH.eBOAeTBa, TO Bb16op
    cpeACTB AJIH IIOHH.)I AeTrn BbDKaTb KY'l.Y JIH.MOHoB! JIH.MOHHaH KHCJioTa. IIO)I HO OHa He 01.J.eHb eH.JibHa. EyAbTe OCTOpO)I MHOro. 0TKpoBeHHO roBOpH' eCJIH. H.CIIOJib30BaTb HeMHOro ¢oc¢opHOH KH.GlOTbl.

    201

    YV1!lb51M TEKCbE

    oeo6eHHO BO BpeM51. QBeTeHIUl H IlJIOJJ;OHOllleHHSl, TO SI yBepeH' Bbl He 3aMeTHTe
    HHKaKOH pa3HHQbl B KOHel.J.HOM npop;y1cre' H 1.J.YTOl.J.KY cpoecpopa TO:>Ke He IlOMelllaeT!
    l.Jero cnep;yeT H36eran mo6oi1 ueHoH.:

    -7 Con.RHOH KHCnOTbl,

    TaK KaK OHa BbieBo6o,D;HT enHlllKOM MHOrO xnopa B

    IlHTaTeJlbHblH paeTBOp, ,D;OBe,D;Sl ero AO TOKeHl.J.HOeTH.

    -7 YKCfCHOH KHCnOTbl (yKcyca H T.n.):

    3TO 3aMe1.J.aTenhHblH 6ycpep H xopolllaJJ

    KHCJIOTa, HO TOKeHl.J.HaSl MSI. paCTeHHH.
    BaM HHKOr,D;a He Il0Ha,D;06HTCSI. IlOBbilllaTb pH. 3Ha1.J.HTellbHOe Ila,D;eHHe pH - aHoMaJIHSl. 3To eHrHan rpeBOrH, yKa3b1Bal011.t;HH Ha r116e11b 6oJlblllOrO KOJIHl.J.eeTBa
    MHKpoopraHH3MOB. B 3TOM cnyqae BCUKHO HaHTH npHl.J.HHy, HenpaBHTb ee H BoeIlOJIHHTb coeTaB MHKpoopraHH3MOB. 3a1.J.aCTyIO TaKHMH npHl.J.HHaMH SlBJISleTrn
    HeXBaTKa KHenopop;a HJIH pe3KHH eKal.J.OK pH.

    OpraHHl.J.eCIKeeTBO B3BellleHHblX qaeTHU; HeKOTOpb1e 113 HHX BeebMa BeJIHKH, Il03TOMY BO H36e:>KaHHe 3aeopeHHSl
    3MHrrepa Ol.J.eHb Ba)! H IlHTaTeJlbHbIX Be11.t;eeTB. OHH Moryr 3a.D;YlllHTb paCTeHHSl, oeo6eHHO B }l{apKyIO
    norop;y. B KOpHeBOH 30He Beer,D;a 11Y1.J.llle HMeTb TOJlbKO nerKO aeeHMH11HpyeMbie
    HOHbl. Jiyl.J.lllHH cflHJlbTp, KOHel.J.HO :>Ke, Balll 611ocp1111bTp. OpraHHKa, KOTopaSI Ha
    HeM HaKailJIHBaeTrn' eKopo pa3JIO:>KHTCSI. H CTaHeT IlH11.t;eH. ,D;JISI. MHKpoopraHH3MOB.
    Op;HaKo BaM e11.t;e n0Hap;o611Trn BHyrp11Mar11CTpa11bHb1H. ¢1111bTp TOHKOH oq11eTKH
    Me:>KAY HaeocoM H 3MHTTepaMH HJIH O,D;HH Ha BXO,D;e Haeoea. IlJIOTHOCTb 1.J.aCTHU He
    TaKoBa, 1.J.To6br nerKo 3acopHTb cp1111brp, HO ero HY)! He npononaeKHBai1Te ero, ern11 HeT onaeHoeTH 3aeopeH11S1.. OH 6yp;eT BeKope
    KOJIOHH30BaH MHKpoopraHH3MaMH H CTaHeT ,D;OilOJIHHTeJlbHbIM 6HOcfJHJlbTpDM.
    AB ocranbHOM Bee TaK :>Ke, KaK np11111060H. KYJ1bTHBau1111: TeMneparypa, Bna:>KHOeTb, UHKJI KYJ1bTHBau1111, npocp1111aKTHKa 11 6oph6a e Bpep;11re11S1.MH, KoHel.J.HO,
    ,D;OJl)! IlpHMeHeHHe opraHHl.J.eeKHX IlHTaTellbHblX Be11.t;eCTB B r11p;ponOHHKe Mep;neHHO
    3aBoeBblBaeT npH3HaHHe, noeKOJlbKY 3TO IlOl.J.TH 1.J.TO HOBaSl 0611aeTb 3HaHHH,
    KOTopyro paCTeHHeBo,D;aM e11.t;e npep;eTOHT OCBOHTb. MHe rrpep;eTaBJISleTeSl, 1.J.TO
    lll11po1 eenbeKoro X03Sl.HeTBa o6o>KaIOT KOilaTbCSl B 3eMJle, a CTOpOHHHKH rH,D;ponOHHKH
    npep;nol.J.HTaIOT 6b1CTpoTy 11 BblCOKHe ypo:>1 enoeo6 KYJ1bTHBau1111. OT rH,D;ponOHHKH BaM p;oeTaeTrn 6b1erpei1lllHH poeT paeTeHHSI, KOHTp011b Hap; ero IlHTaHHeM, ero 11yqlllaS1. eonpoTHBJISleMOeTb K naroreHaM, ,D;OilOJIHHTeJlbHblH KHC11opop; B KOpHeBOH 30He H KOHel.J.Hbie npop;yKTbl
    6yp;yT HeOTJIHl.J.HMbI OT Bb1pa11.t;eHHblX B rpyHTe Ha nyl.J.lllHX opraHHl.J.eeKHX IlHTaTeJlbHblX Be11.t;eeTBax. Bbl TaK:>Ke e3KOHOMHTe MHOro BO,D;bl no epaBHeHHIO e TeM
    >Ke paCTeHHeM B rpyHTe, p;a)!{e 6011bllle, qeM Bbl rpanne Ha r11p;ponoH11Ke e MW
    HepanbHbIMH eOJISl.MH. 3To Bee 3a el.J.eT He60JlblllOro eoKpa11.t;eHHSl ypO)l
    202

    11!1,QPOnOHl!lKA ,0!151 BCEX

    CKOJihKO KOHKpeTHO COCTaBmieT 3TO COKpalll;eH11e, CKa3aTh Tpy,D;HO. 3To 3aBI1CI1T
    rnaBHbIM o6pa30M OT BH,D;a. Hy>KHO IIOCTaBHTb 6oJibllie OIIbITOB I1 B oco6eHHOCTI1
    rrpoBecT11 cpaBH11TeJihHhie 3r cpaBHeHHSI ypo}!
    5l

    ,D;paTHbIH MeTp IIO,ll; JiaMIIOH

    IIOJih3YIOCb IIOKa3aTeJieM «ypo}!
    600

    Barr Ha rrponoKeHI1I1

    1 ro,D;a». 5l

    1 KBa-

    C'iHTaIO, 'ITO

    3TO o6oCHOBaHHOe cpaBHeH11e, TaK KaK B ypaBHeH11e BBO,ll;I1TCSI IIOHSITI1e ,ll;JII1TeJibHOCTI1.

    B rI1,1J;porroH11Ke c TOH }!
    ro,D;. I1p11 o6ocHoBaHHOM cpaBHeH1111 c rpyHTOM 3TOT cpaKTOp rne,D;yeT Y'lHThIBaTh.
    CKa}!(eM, B 611orroH111 B rI1,D;pOIIOHI1Ke. Dorne CHSITI1Sl ypo}! paCTBopa, KOTOpbIH CTaJI MOill;HbIM I1CTO'iHI1KOM IIOJie3HhIX opraHI13MOB, aM11HOKI1CJIOT. cp11ToropMOHOB I1 III1TaH11SI; ern11 HM IIOJIHBaTh paCTeHHSI B rpyHTe,
    TO Bbl 6y,D;eTe B 6oJihllIOM Bhmrpbillie.

    203

    IVl,QPOnOHVIKA ,Qflll BCEX

    c IIOMOll\blO nmporrOHl1Kl1 MO>KHO Bbipall\l1BaTb pacTeHH.Sl B 'Iy>I BAaJil1 OT pOAHOrO KJil1MaTa, OCBell\eHl1H l1 ,[\OJirOTbI AHH. I1oMl1MO crreQl1aJil1311pOBaHHbIX opaH>Kepeii, 3TO e,[\l1HCTBeHHbIH cnoco6 I 3I<3eMIIJIHpoB MHor11x Tporr11qecK11x pacTett11i1. MbI c cynpyroii y>Irpall\l1BaeM pa3Hoo6pa3Hbie Bl1,[(bI KpaCl1BbIX pacTeHl1H co Bcero M11pa, 611aro.a;apH HeCKOJibKl1M IIJiaCTMaCCOBbIM Be.a;paM. Te >Ke pacreHl1H B IIO'!Be c Tpy,zroM
    BhI>KHBaIOT, a 0 TOM, 'IT06bI pacTl1, H pe'IH HeT!
    I10M11Mo o'IeB11.a;tt1:irx npo.a;oB0111:>cTBeHH1:>rx l1 .a;eKopaT11BH1:>rx KYJihTyp, nr.a;ponoH11Ka cnoco6Ha Bnrpall\l1BaTb MHor11e Bl1,ll;bI JieKapCTBeHHbIX pacTeHl1H. r11.a;ponOHl1Ka yBeJil1'Il1BaeT Kar< Macey pacTeHl1H, TaK l1 aKTl1BHbie npl1HI..\l1IIbI.
    B rny'Iae 3eJieHOH MaCCbI yBeJil1'IeH11e COCTaBJIHeT OKOJIO 30% B 3aBl1Cl1MOCTl1 OT
    B11.a;a. B c11yqae ner KOHQeHTpaI..\l1H MOJieKyJI IIOJI€3Ha BO MHor11x c11-ryaI..1l1HX. Harrp11Mep, BhICOKoe
    co.a;ep>KaH11e 0611er'IaeT 3KCTpaKI..111IO. MHor11e ner 113 pacTeHl1H l1 rrp11MeHHIOT 111160 B HaTypa11bHOH cpopMe, 111160 B Mo.a;11cp11KaQl1l1
    MOJier
    l1 T}'T

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    no.a;pe3aIOT; IIOTOM eMy CHOBa .a;aIOT OTpaCTl1. Tpe6yIOTCH HOBI>re 3KCrrep11MeHTbI
    c TaKl1Ml1 pacTeHl1HMl1, KaK apH11Ka ropHaH
    CHCTaH

    (Hierasum pilosella) l1

    (Amica montana),

    HCTpe6l1HKa BOJio-

    MHOrl1Ml1 .a;pyrl1Ml1.

    Pery1111poBaH11e n11TaH11H HeoQeH11Mo AJIH cr11MyJIHI..1l1l1 n1:>rllittoro pocra l1 061111hHoro yp0>KaH. OHO TaIOKe oco6eHHO noJie3HO B rnyqae pacreHl1H, co.a;ep>I anr co.a;ep>I Teno; HeKOTOpnre 113 Hl1X HBJIHIOTCH JieKapcTBaMl1, .a;pyr11e - H,D;aMl1 (B006ll\e-To,
    rpaHh Me.>K,[(y Hl1Ml1 O'IeHb TOHKaH; BCe .a;eno B ,ll;0311pOBKe). B 06011x rny'IaHX 0Hl1
    o6nI'IHO O'IeHb Cl1JibHbI' l1MHOrl1e113 Hl1X np11MeHHIOTCH cero,D;HH Bpa 'IaMl1. 0Hl1
    COCTaBJIHIOT BHYllil1TeJihHbIH CIIl1COK l1 3aH11MaIOT 6oJihllIYIO 'IaCTb cpapMaKone11
    'IeJioBeKa. Cyll\eCTByeT 06llI11pHaH 1111TepaTypa o TOM, 'ITO .a;oBe.[(eH11e a3oTa B
    pacTBope .a;o ypoBHH, 3Ha'Il1TeJibHO npeBblllld.IOll\ero noTpe6HOCTl1 pacTeHl1H,
    CT11My1111pyeT ypoBeHh aJIKaJIOl1,ll;OB. 3a napy He,[\eJih AO c6opa ypo>KaH ypoBeHb
    a3oTa noBI>rlliaeTrn np1161111311TeJihHO B.a;Boe rrpoT11B o6bI'IHoro, .a;o 350 PPM (qacTeii Ha Ml1JIJil10H). 3Tl1 OIIbITbI npOBO,ll;l1Jil1Cb B rpyHTe. B rH,D;pOIIOHl1Ke, KOr.a;a
    BhI y>I
    205

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

    BaM y,n;acTOI y,n;BOI1Tb HX KOJIH'!eCTBO, HO 3TOT MeTo,n; ,n;aeT BaM 3Ha'IHTeJibHOe
    ,ll;OITOJIHHTeJibHOe

    ITpe11My~eCTBO.

    flmIIb HeCKOJibKHM BH,ll;aM He ITO HyTpy KYJibTHBaQH.H c oroneHHblMI1 KOpH.HMI1;
    061>1'!HO 3TO pacremrn, Tpy,n;Ho IT0.n:,n;a10~11ern ITepeca,n;Ke. OHH ,n;omKHbI 61>IT1>
    BbICe.HHbl Ha MeCTe, 'ITO Ha r11,n;poITOHHbIX ycraHOBKaX HHOr,n;a 61>rnaeT CJIO:>KHO
    c,n;enaTb. He1<0Top1>1e paCTeHH.H c O'IeHb TOHI ITOBbIIIIeHH.H TeMITepaTyp1>1. 0HI1 xopOIIIO pacryT ,n;o Tex ITOp, ITOKa TeMITeparypa
    ,n;ep)lmTc.H oKono 25°C. He1<0Top1>1e (pe,n;Koe 11cKJIIO'!eH11e) He ,n;a10T ny'IIIIHX, '!eM
    B rpyHTe pe3yJibTaTOB. ECJIH OHH HaXO,ll;.HTC.H B 6naroITpI1.HTHblX KJIHMaTH'!eCKHX
    yrnoBH.HX l1 HM HpaBHTC.H ITO'!Ba, TO OHI1 ,uaIOT TaKHe xopOIIIHe pe3yJihTaTbl, 'ITO
    Ha rH,n;pOITOHHKe pa3Hl1Qbl He BI1,UHO.
    ,L:Vrn 6onbIIIHHCTBa pacreHHH 3To ITepeMeHa pa311Ten1>Ha.H, tra)I1x BH,ll;OB KaKTYCOB (H O'!eBH,UHO B rnyqae 6oJibIIIHHCTBa cyKKyneHTOB). He
    Bee 11 TaK ce6.H ITPO.HBJI.HIOT, 11 OIT.HT1>-Ta1<11 HY)l BI1,UOB, KOTOpbre JIY'IIIIe Bcero a,n;aITT11py10TC.H •

    .SI Mory TOJibKO ITO,ll;TBep,UI1Tb, 'ITO

    Ha rH,n;poIToH1111crpo pacreT trichocereus spies •

    .SI B1>1pa~11Ba10 pacreHH.H Ha r11,n;poIToH1111 .H Bcer,n;a
    ITbITaJIC.H C03naTb TaKOH THIT KYJihTHBaQHH, KOTOpbIH 6bIJI 61>1 ITO B03MO)l 6JIH)lre Tpy61>1 11 Be,upa TaK ,n;a-

    .SI HHKOr,n;a He ITPHMeH.HIO ITeCTHQH,ll;bl
    .SI 6opIOCb c Bpe,n;11TeJI.HMI1 c ITOMO~blO ITOJie3HbIX
    Hace1<0M1>1x 11 ITpO'IHX )l
    ne1<11 OT ITpHpO,Ubl, 'ITO ,n;aJibIIIe HeKY.n:a •
    (11, KOHe'!HO, rep6HQI1,ll;bl) •

    MeHee. KaK Bbl y)Ke ,n;ora,n;an11Cb, .H He B Bocropre OT opraHH'!eCKOH KYJibTHBaQHH •

    .SI ,ll;a)l(e He cornaceH c HeKOTOpbIMH ITpaBHJiaMH opraHH'!eCKOro paCTeHHeBO,ll;CTBa
    ITO cepT11cp111
    l1 .H

    oITpe,ueneHHo ITpoTHB cp11nococp1111 peryn11pOBaHH.H op-

    raH11'IeCI<0ro pacTeHHeBO,UCTBa: "ITPHMeH.HTb ITHTaTeJibHbie

    Be~ecTBa

    TOJibKO B

    cnyqae I13BeCTHOH He,ll;OCTaTO'IHOCTH>>; .H )l(e C'IHTaIO, 'ITO MO.H o6.H3aHHOCTb KaK
    pacreHHeBo,n;a ITpe,n;oTBpa~aTb He,ll;OCTaTO'IHOCTb. TIOCKOJihKY SI - pa3pa6oT'!HK
    6110ITOHHKH, TO .H 'IaCTO ee HCITOJib3yIO.

    Y MeH.H

    B TeITJIHQe eCTb ,ll;a)!(e 6oJibIIIa.H

    CHCTeMa, BbI,n;eneHHaSI TOJibKO ITO,ll; opraHHKY' l1 H30611ny10~asi pa3Hoo6pa3HblMH
    pacreHH.HMH. 0,uHaKO .H ITo-ITpe)l paCTBOpbl, ITOCKOJihKY 60JibIIIe ITOJIOBHHbl MOHX paCTeHHH ITPOH3pacraeT Ha
    r11,n;poITOHHKe. Boo6~e .H ,n;yMaIO, 'ITO nyqIIIe ITPHMeH.HTb 11 To, 11 ,n;pyroe o,n;HoBpeMeHHo - opraHH'IeCKHe l1 MHHepanbHbie CMeCH ITHTaTeJibHbIX Be~eCTB. Ha,n;
    3TI1MH 3KCITep11MeHTaMH .H ceH:qac H pa60Ta10: CKOJibKO MHHepanbHbIX,U06aBOK.H
    Mory 3a,ll;aTb CBOHM pacreHH.HM, 'IT06bI ITOJIY'II1Tb ITbIIIIHbIH pocr MHHepanbHOH
    1T11Ba14111111 ,uoIToJIHHTeJI1>H1>1e B11e Ka'!eCTBa opraHH'!ecKoH.? 3To, HaBepHoe, rH,n;pOITOHHKa 6y,n;y~ero.
    M1>1,uoc1<0Han1>Ho113yq11n11 B3aHMo,n;eH.cTBHe, ITpo11cxo,u.H~ee B I I1 B 3TOH o6JiaCTI1 Mbl ITpH6JII13HJIHCb K coBepIIIeHCTBy: Mbl TO'IHO Bbl'IHCJI.HeM
    ITI1TaH11e paCTeHHH, Mbl 3a,n;aeM HM ITpe1 Mone11 M.H cr11Myn.H141111 MeTa6oJIH3Ma 11 HMMYHHoH. c11cTeM1>1, Mhr ,n;a)!(e
    BHe,n;p.HeM B HHX )Kl13Hb, CITOCOOCTBY.H pa3BHTHIO KOJIOHHH ITOJie3HbIX opraHH3MOB.
    M1>1 BOCITpOH3BO.D:HM yrnoB11.H KaK B ,n;o6poTHOH rro'!Be, HO 6e3 coITyTcrBy10~11x
    ITPH 3TOM He,uocraTKOB! B 6y,uy~eM .H ITpe,uBH)l Ha,n; ITOBepXHOCTblO 3eMJIH: ITPHMeHeHHe MI1KpoopraHI13MOB Ha JIHCTb.HX, peBo-

    206

    11!1,llPOnOHl!lKA ,[1!151 BCEX

    1llOJ4HOHHbie opraHW:IeCKHe pacrrbIJIHTenH. KOT0pb1e pernaT rrpo6neMy HaCeKOMbIX
    6e3 3arp.sr3HeHmI cpe,n;br. BoT 1.J.ero M0>1 (03,D;aHHe B HCKYCCTBeHHOll cpe,n;e 61:1onor1:11.J.eCII CKa3aTb, 3TO Hrpbl B 6oroB B ManbIX MaCIIITa6ax! Ho CKOpee BCero 3TO CMHpeHHa.R
    IlOIIbITKa 3aCTaBHTb rrp1:1po,n;y IIOMeCTHTbC.R B Kopo6Ke 1:13-rro,n; 06yB1:1! 3TOro nerKO
    ,n;ocTH'lJ.b, ecnH Bbl ocMorp1:1TenbHbI, He cyeTHTecb, ecnH yxo,n; 3a HacCl)J(,lleHH.RMH y,n;oBOflbCTBHe, a He o6y3a ••• H ernH Barne BMeIIIaTenbCTBO rneneHo K MHHHMyMy!
    KaKyIO 6bI TeXHonorHIO Bbl He rrpe,n;rrol.J.nH, ,D;a)J(e ecnH BaM He XO'lJ.eTC.R OTKa3bIBaThC.R OT COMHHTenbHOro y,n;oBonbCTBH.R KOrraTbC.R B rp.R3H, opaH>I
    207

    1 1!1 .QPO n O Hl!l KA ,LJ,!1 51 BCE X

    npMnO>KeHMe 1

    Cl>oToanb60M

    209

    npoMbtWneHHOe
    BbtpOutUBOHUe p03 B
    mennu4e Ha KanenbHOM
    opoweHuu.

    '.:me6 w uaemKa opxuoeu
    Cymbid ium.

    Cmaon Alocasia brasilensis.

    Monoob1e no6ew Alocasia
    macrorrhiza, UJBecmHble KOK
    «CflOHOBbe yxo».

    Trichocereus peruvianus B
    KeOOM3UmOBOM cy6cmpame
    (euo ceepxy).

    EuonoHHOJI pacmumenbH05<
    cmeHKO.

    -

    He6onbWGJI nnaHma4uJ1
    canama Ha a:Jpo-woponoHuKe.





    Cmeon Thumbergia grandiflora
    B KepOM3UmOBOM cy6cmpame.

    rV1,LJ,POnOHV1KA ,LJ,Jl51 BCEX

    npMnO>KeHMe 2
    3aKOH M 3TMKeTK8

    noore Toro, KaK Bbl pe1mue, KaKoH nm runaTeJibHoro Beru;ecrBa 3a,n;aTb Baun1M
    pacTemrn:M, BaM eru;e rrpe.[(CTOHT H36paTb To Beru;ecrBo, KOTopoe YAOBJieTBopHT
    Baum rrorpe6HoCTH H o6ecrrel.JHT oKyrraeMOCTb Baumx HHBecrm.i;m1. 3To peUiaeTrn
    B Mara3HHe: rrepe.n; BaMH HeCKOJihKO ToproBblX MapoK••• H Bbl 3a,n;aeTeCb BorrpocoM,
    KaKyIO H3 HHX rrpe.[(IIOl.JeCTb. Tyr BaM Ha IIOMOill;h rrpH.n;eT 3THKeTKa Ha yrraKOBKe.
    3THKeTKa Ha 6yTbIJIKe c IIHTaTeJibHblM Beru;eCTBOM cny>KHT .L\BYM u;eJIS!M. BorrepBblX, OHa oCBe,[(oMm!eT H 3aru;Hru;aeT Bae; Bo-BTOpblX, oHa Bhl3bIBaeT y Bae
    >KeJiaHHe KYIIHTb TOBap. DepBoe - Tpe6oBaHHe 3aKOHa, Ky.[(a BXO,[(HT THII perHcrpaUHH, NPK (ecJIH HY>KHo), MHHHMaJihHhlH rapaHTHpoBaHHhlH aHamB HT . .L\.
    BTopoe 3aBHCHT OT MapKeTHHroBoro TBOplieCTBa rrpOH3BO,[(HTeJISL

    L/mo 2nacum 30KOH?
    Bo-rrepBhlX, Ha 3THr JIO He B O,[(HHaKOBOH crerreHH rrpHMeHS!eTrn KO BCeM rrpO.L\YKTaM. DHTaTeJihHOe
    BeUJ;eCTBO ,[(OJI}KHO rrpHHa,n;Jie>KaTb K O,[(HOH H3 rpex KaTeropHli: MHHepanbHOe,
    CMeCbMHHepanoB H opraHHKH. opraHH'ieCKOe (6HoJiorH'ieCKOe).

    M111Hepa11b1
    100% MHHepanhHhle IIHTaTeJihHhle Beru;ecrBa He o6s!3aTeJihHO perHcrpHpoBaTh,
    eCJIH OHH IIO.[(IIa,n;aIOT IIO,[( O.L\HY H3 KaTeropHH, orrpe.[(eJieHHblX EsporreHCKHM
    Coo6ui;eCTBOM. Do3TOMY Ha 3THKeTKe MHHepanhHoro IIHTaTeJihHoro Beui;ecrBa
    ,[(OJI>KHO 6bITh yKa3aHO:
    "EC nutrient" («DHTaTeJihHOe Beru;eCTBO EC»), IIOCJie qero yKa3aHa KaTeropm!, K
    KOTopoli OHO rrpHHa,n;Jie>KHT.
    HarrpHMep: «HaHMeHoBaHHe rrpo.llyKTa, "EC nutrient", pacrBop NPK».
    HJIH: «HaHMeHOBaHHe rrpo.L\yKTa, "EC nutrient". MHKpOIIHTaTeJibHOe Beru;eCTBO
    c rrepBHl.JHhlMH H BTOpH'iHhlMH 3JieMeHTaMH».
    3TH rrpo.L\yKThl He TeCTHpyroTrn rocy.[(apcrneHHOH na6oparnpHeH rrepeA rrocryrrneHHeM B rrpo.[(a>Ky. HO rrpO.L\YKT MO>KeT 6hITb TeCTHpOBaH B JII06oe BpeMSI B

    223

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

    6ropo no 6oph6e c ¢aJihCH Tpe6oBaHHRM JJ.JIR TOH KaTeropHH, K KOTopoH: OH, cornacHo co6CTBeHHOMY 3aRBJieHHIO, rrpHHaJJ,Jie}J{HT.

    CMec111 M111Hepanoe 111 opraH111K111
    Bee IIHTaTeJihHhie Bern;ecrsa, KOTOpble He RBJIRIOTCR l.JHCTO MHHepanhHhIMH, rronJie)l IIOJJ. KOTopyro OHH IIOJJ,IIaJJ,aIOT, rrorne qero HJJ.eT perHcrpauHOHHhlH HoMep. 3Ta
    KaTeropHR IIOJJ.lie}l{HT rrpensapHTeJihHOMY TeCTHpOBaHHIO B He3aBHCHMOH na6opaTOpHH l1 JJ.OJiroH 6ropoKpaTHt.IeCKOH perHcrpauHH.
    ECJIH IIHTaTeJihHOe Bern;eCTBO conep}l{HT l.JTO-TO eme IIOMHMO MHHepanbHhlX COJieH.
    TO Ha 6yTbIJIKe JlOJI}J{eH 6b!Th yKa3aH perHcrpauHOHHhIH HOMep.

    OpraH111Ka
    OpraHHl.JeCKHe IIHTaTeJihHhie Belil;eCTBa Hecyr Ha ce6e JJ,Ba B03MO)KHh!X yKa3aHHR.
    nepsoe: «TIHTaTeJibHoe Belil;eCTBO MO}J{eT rrpHMeHRThCR B opraHHt.IeCKOM cenhCKOM X03RHCTBe cornacHo PernaMeHTY EC N° 834/2007»; BTOpoe: «TIHTaTeJihHOe
    Belil;eCTBO cepTH¢HuHpoBaHo TeM-TO H TeM-TO ••• » 3a cepTH¢HKauHIO OTBet.IaIOT
    HeCKOJihKO aBTOpHTeTHhIX opraHH3auHH. TipaBHJia cepTH¢HKaUHH JJ.JIR BCeH
    EsporrbIOJJ.HHaKoBhl.
    Korna Ha 3THKeTKe rosopHTrn: «Mo}J{eT rrpHMeHRThCR B opraHHt.IeCKOM ceJihCKOM
    X03RHCTBe». 3TO 3Hal.JHT. l.JTO rrpeJJ,BapHTeJihHhIH KOHTpOJih He rrpoBOJJ.HTCR.
    OpraHHl.IeCKHe IIHTaTeJihHhie Belil;eCTBa He IIOJJ,Jie}J{aT per11crpau11H, IIOCKOJihKY
    OHM OTBet.IaIOT HOpMaM 3aKoHa. 3TO 3aRBJleHHe rrpoH3BOJJ.HTeJIR, KaK H B cnyqae
    «EC nutrient». OHO MO}J{eT IIOJJ.Jie>KaTh KOHTPOJIIO B nro6oe BpeMR H JJ.OJI}J{HO coOTBeTCTBoBaTb ToMy, l.JTO B HeM CKa3aHo. CepTH¢HuHpoBaHHhie IIHTaTeJihHhie
    Belil;eCTBa KOHTPOIIHpyeT He3aBHCHMhIH opraH, HO HaJJ,30p He BCerna Ha,n:e}J{eH.
    EeperHTeCb TaIOKe JJ.OMopom;eHHhIX noroTHIIOB, B KOTOpbIX MaJIO HJIH BOBCe HeT
    CMhICJia!

    3K0-3Tlll KeTKlll
    Per11crpau11ro non «3Ko-3THKeTKoH» ropa3,n:o TpyJJ.Hee rronyqHTh, rrocKoJihKY aHaJIH3HpyeTrn He TOJihKO CaM rrpo.n:yKT' HOH Bech rrpouecc rrpoH3BOJ1.CTBa, BKJIIOl.JaR
    HCTOl.JHHKH HHrpeJJ,HeHTOB. HaCKOJihKO MHe H3BeCTHO, Malloy Koro H3 rrpOH3BOJ1.HTeneH: eCTh TaKaR MapKHpOBKa (a MO}J{eT, ee HeT HH

    y I
    VlHcjJopMa4ufl onfl nompe6umenfl
    TioMHMO per11crpau1111, 3THKeTKaJJ,OJI}J{Ha yKa3hIBaTh, t.ITO coJJ.ep)l{HTrn B 6yThIJIKe.
    Ha 3THKeTI
    -7

    NPK (eCJIH eCTh), MHHHMaJihHhlH rapaHTHpoBaHHhlH aHaJIH3, HCTOl.JHHK
    HHrpe,n:HeHTOB.

    224

    ll!l,l]POnOHl!IKA ,l]fl51

    BCEX

    7 B cnyqae MHKpo::meMeHTOB - cpopMa, B KOTOpofI OHH np11cyrcrsy10T (xenaTbl
    11n11 cynb¢aTb1), I1J1.eHTHcpHKau;m1 xenaTa, ecn11 oH eCTb.

    7 Tiepe MHHHManbHa5! rapaHTH5! M5! Ka>K,D;oro yKa3aHHoro 3neMeHTa.

    7 Ha11MeH0BaH11e npoH3BO)lHTenSI.
    7 KoHKpeTHaSI .z:10311posr
    7 06oeM B cnyqae >KHAKOCTH 11n11 Macca - AnSI TBep.z:1oro sern;ecrsa.
    PaccMoTpHM see Bb1rnecKa3aHHoe no.z:1po6Hee.

    LfTO roeop111T HaM 3TlllKeTKa?
    NPK 03Ha roBopHTC5! 0 npou;eHTHOM co.z:1ep>KaHHI1 Ka>K,D;oro 113 3Tl1X 3neMeHTOB B 6yTbrnKe
    (no secy oT o6rn;ero seca).
    qT06b1 ycn0>KHI1Tb HaM >Kl13Hb, HHTpaT o6o3Ha Xl1Ml1Kl1 He yMenH TO'fHO l13MepSITb OT)lenbHble 3neMeHTbl, D03TOMY l13MepS!nI1
    HX OKCH,[\bl. Cero,[\HSI B 3TOM y>r 3aKOHOAaTenbCTBe Ka.I< nepe>KHTOK npornnoro.

    JJ.m1 nonr1euu11 p (cJ>occf>opa) HpKHO IlOMHO>KHTb BeJIH'IHHf PzOs Ha 0,436.

    }1,n11. nonyqeuu11 K Hf>KHO noMHO>KHTh senuquuy KzO ua 0,830.
    NPK no.z:1cKa3bIBaeT, ro,n:HTrn nH y.z:106peHHe AnSI sereTaU:HH c BbICOKHM co.z:1ep>KaHHeM a3oTa, HnH >Ke .z:1n5.1 U:BeTeHHSI H rrno,n:oHorneHHSI c BbICOKHM P H K. NPK
    TaIOKe yKa3bIBaeT Ha COOTH01I1eH11e Me>I NPK 20-20-20 HMeeT cooTH01I1eH11e 1-1-1. A NPK 14-7-21 HMeeT cooTHorneHHe 2-1-3.
    06biKH,l(KHe DHTaTenbHble Bern;ecrsa H nonHble cpopMynbI HMeIOT HH3KHH
    NPK.
    BTopH 6yrbrnKe co.z:1ep>I cepa)' TO OHH ,[\On}l(Hbl 6bITb nepe H a30T ,[\On>KeH ,[\aBaTbCSI B pa36HBKe Ha HHTpaT' aMMHaK H HHorna MO'feBHHY.
    MHIKHO
    6b1Tb yKa3aHo: «npoH3BO,[\HaSI cynbcpaTa ... ». HanpHMep, «0,01% U:HHKa - npoH3Bo,n:HaSI cynb¢aTa U:HHKa».
    EcnH oHH npoHCXO.z:ISIT H3 xenaTa, ,n:onxmo 6bITb yKa3aHo npoHcxo)l(.z:leHHe xenaTa.
    HanpHMep, «1,5% >Kene3o, xenaTHposaHo EDTA».
    3aTeM Ha 3THKeTKe .n:on>KHbI 6bITb «PeKOMeH,[\aIJ;HH M5! nonb30BaTeJI5[» HnH «,l:(HarpaMMa npHMeHeHHSI", xapar KOHKpeTHbIX He,[\OCTaTO'fHOCTefI), H y1
    225

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

    rrpHMeH.SITb. Bbl TalOKe HaHAeTe peK0MeHAau;1111 no 6e3oIIaCHOCTI1, HarrpHMep,
    «6epet.Ib OT AeTeH:».

    0

    y CJIOBH.Sl xpaHeHH.Sl He BXOA.SIT B o6maTeJibHhle yrroMHHaHH.Sl.

    4eM yMaJ141'1BaeT 3Tl'1KeTKa?

    BbIUleCKa3aHHOe BIIOJIHe IIOAbITOxKHO HaHTH Ha 3THKeTKe.
    Ka>KeTC.Sl, HH¢opMau;1111 MHOro, HO .••
    Bo-rrepBblX, NPK. 3To rapaHTHpoBaHHblH MHHHMyM; 3TO 03Ha 6YThlJIKa MO)!KaTb I1 6oJibLUe 3TOro (HHor.a:a ropa3.l(O 6oJibLUe). ITpoI13BOAHTeJib MO>KeT 3a.SIBI1Tb MeHbLUee KOJIH 6onee c6anaHc11poBaHHOH, HJIH no KaKofr-H116yAbApyroH: np11 3TO o6bll.J:Ha.SI npaKTHKa - 3a.SIBJI.SlTb MeHbLUee KOJIHl.J:eCTBO, ypoBH.Sl HJIH Ha ypoBHe 3a.SIBJieHHOro Ha rnyqaH: rrpoBepKH.
    qTO KacaeTC.Sl BTOpH'-IHblX IIHTaTeJibHblX sem;ecrB, B 6YThlJIKe .ZJ;OJI>KeH COAepX M11H11ManbHb1e COAep>KaHH.SI 6bIJIH ycraHOBJieHbl ,a:n.si noneBoro np11MeHeHH.SI 11
    AA.SI r11AporroHHoro n11TaTeJibHOro BemecrBa OHH TPYAHo.n;ocTH>KHMbI. ITo3ToMy
    3JieMeHT MO)J{eT Haxo.n;HTbC.Sl B 6YTblJIKe' HO He 6yAeT yr TaIOKe 3THKeTKa MO>KeT 6hlTb COBepweHHO .a:pyroH:' B 3aBHCHMOCTI1 OT KaTeropHH.
    B KOTopoH: Bbl .n;er rrepeKHT AaHHoe BemeCTBO. HarrpHMep' B rnyqae IIOJIHOro >KI1.ZJ;Koro IIHTaTeJibHOro
    BemecrBa c MHKpo3JieMeHTaMH Bbl .n;oJI>KHbl 3a.n;eKnap11poBaTb ero Kar<:

    O

    «rr11TaTeJibHoe BemecrBo NPK c MHKpo3neMeHTaM11», B 3TOM cnyqae Bbl
    yrKaHHe All.SI NPK.

    f)

    e

    < rnyqae Bbl yKa3bIBaeTe BeJIHl.J:HHY TOJibKO All.SI MI1Kp03JieMeHTOB.
    «BTOpH MI1Kp03JieMeHTaMH>>. B 3TOM rnyqae Bbl .n;eKnap11pyeTe TOJibKO BTopH'-IHble
    3JieMeHTbl.

    Kar< BHAHM, rronHa.SI ¢op Myna Mo>KeT npo,a:aBaTbC.Sl no.n; TPeM.si pa3HblMH 3THKeTKaMH (TpeTHH np11Mep MaJIOBepo.SITeH).

    LfTO Mbl HaXO.Q1'1M Ha 3Tl'1KeTKax B peallbHOill >Kl'13Hl'1?
    Bee CKa3aHHoe BblLUe - 3TO TeopH.Sl I1 COOTBeTCTByeT eBponeHCKHM pernaMeHTaM
    All.SI pacnpocrpaHeHH.Sl IIHTaTeJibHblX Bell{eCTB B EBporreHCKOM Coo6w;ecrBe.
    C¢epa KYJibTHBau;1111B3aKpblTblX noMemeHH.Six He TaKCTPOro peryn11pyeTrn, KaK
    Tpa,u11u;110HHa.SI ca.n;oBo.n;qecr TOBapax B Mara3HHax pacreHHeBOACTBa roBop.SIT oKe,
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    MepMaecoa
    ----- - - - - - - - - --- --- --- --- - - - -

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    1 M1t1nn111rpaMM (Mr)= 0,0154 rpaHa
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    ' croyH = 14 cjlyHTOB = 6,3503 Kr
    I TOH Ha (r) = 1000 Kr= 0,9842 aHrn111"1cK0"1 TOHHbl
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    I

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    = 2,54

    ~

    -

    -

    1cpyr=12 AKli1MOB = 0,3048 M
    1flPA=3 cjlyra = 0,9144 M
    1 Mll1nfl = 1760 flPAOB = 1,6093 KM

    I

    ~

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    ---------'--------~
    _

    _j

    - - - - ---

    I'

    nllOLLIA.Qb

    1 KB. CM

    (cM~) = l~O MM

    2

    = 0,1550 AKli1Ma 2

    --1-KB.

    --

    1 KB. M (M') = 10.000 CM'= 1,1960 flpAa 2
    1 reKrap (ra) = 10.000 M' = 2,4711 aKpoB
    1 KB. KM (KM')= 100 ra = 0,3861 M1t1n111 2

    Al-0"1~ = 6,~516 CM-

    2-

    1 KB. cpyr = 144 Al-0"1Ma 2 = 0,0929 M2
    1 KB. flPA = 9 KB. cjlyroB = 0,8361 M'
    1aKp=4840 flPAOB 2 = 4046,9 M2
    1 KB. Mll1nfl = 640 aKpOB = 2,59 KM'
    j____ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

    -- ----- ------

    - - - - -I

    06bEM
    - - --------,------ - - - - - - - -

    1 Ky6. CM (CM')= 0,0610 AKli1M'
    1 Ky6. Ae411Merp (AM')= 1000 CM'= 0,0353 cpyra'
    1 Ky6. MeTp (M') = lOOO AM'= l,3080 flpAa'
    1 n111Tp (n) = 1AM'=1,76 ni-iHTbl
    1 reKTOn111rp (rn) = 100 n = 21,997 rannoHa
    1 Ky6. AKli1M (A1-0i1M') = 16,387 CM 3
    lK 6."' T ("'VT')= l728 1-0lttMoB' = 0 0283 M'
    Y 't'Y 't'J ·
    A


    - - - - - - - - - - --- -

    1·.

    -·~

    1 >K111AKaf! YH4111fl = 28,413 Mn
    1 ni-iHTa = 20 >K111AK111X yH4111i1 = 0,5683 n
    1 rannoH = 8 n1t1HT = 4,5461 n
    1 aMep1t1KaHCKaf! >K11AKaf! YH411fl = 1,0408

    I

    aHrn111"1cK0"1 >K111AK0"1yH411111=29,574 Mn
    1 aMep111KaHCKafl n111HTa (16 >K1t1AK1t1X yH4111iil) =
    0,8327 aHrn111"1c~oiil n111HTb1 = 0,4731 n
    _
    1 aMep11KaHCK111111 rannoH = 0,8327 aHrn111111cKoro

    TEMnE~A:~::Ha = 3,7854 ~

    -- - -

    ----j

    - - --1° no Uenbrnl-0 ( 0 C) = 33,8° no 1° Kenbe1t1Hy (K) = -272,15° no Uenbrnl-0 (°C) = -457,87° no ---- -- -- -- -- -- --------- 0

    229

    --j-

    1111,QPOnOHl!lKA ,Qfl5l BCEX

    npMnO>KeHMe 4
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    BERTRANDB.

    Les Secrets de l'ortie
    Auto-edite, 1998.
    BRADLEY

    P.,

    MARULANDA

    C.

    Home Hydroponic Gardens
    Global hydroponic network, 2000.
    CALIFORNIA FERTILIZER ASSOCIATION

    Western Fertilizer Handbook
    Interstate Publisher, 1990.
    CERVANTES

    J.

    Culture en interieur
    Mama Editions, 2005, 2013.
    CLARKE G., Toocoon A.

    The Complete Book ofPlant Propagation
    Ward Lock Limited, 1992.
    CooPERA.

    The ABC ofNFI
    Casper Publications, 1996.
    GERICKE W.F.

    The Complete Guide to Soilless Gardening
    Kessinger Publishing, 2010.
    HANSON B.,

    PhD

    Understanding Medicinal Plants
    1he Haworth Herbal Press, 2005.

    231

    YV1flb51M TEKCbE

    LESAINT

    c., Core Y.

    Cultures hydroponiques
    Flammarion, la maison rustique, 1983.
    LIETH H., RAVIV M.

    Soilless Culture
    Theory and Practice Elsevier, 2008.
    LOWEN FELS J., LEWIS W.

    Collaborer avec les bacteries et autres micro-organismes
    Edition du Rouergue, 2008.
    MARSHNERH.

    Mineral Nutrition ofHigher Plants
    Academic Press. Harcourt brace

    J company, 1995.

    c.c., STROUN M.

    MATHON

    Lumiere et ~oraison
    Presses Universitaires de France, 1960.
    MoRoT-GAUDRY J.F.

    Assimilation de l' azote chez les plantes
    !NRA Editions, 1997.
    OLIVAUX

    Y.

    La Nature de l'eau
    Marco Pietter, 2007.
    OLKOWSKIW., DAARS., OLKOWSKIH.

    Common-Sense Pest Control
    Taunton Press, 1991.
    PETIOT

    E.

    Soigner les plantes par les huiles essentielles et les huiles vegetales
    et minerales
    Edition du Terran, 2011.
    POSTGATEJ.

    Microbes and Man
    Cambridge University Press, 2000.
    POSTGATEJ.

    Nitrogen Fixation
    Cambridge University Press, 1998.

    232

    IV1,lJ,POnOHV1KA ,LJ,!151 BCEX

    POSTGATE}.

    Ifie Outer Reaches of life

    Cambridge University Press. 1994.
    RESH H. M., PH.D.

    Hydroponic Food Production
    Woodbridge Press Publishing, 1985.
    RESH HOWARD M., PH.D

    Hydroponics Home Food Garden
    Woodbridge Press Publishing, 1990.
    ROMANOM.

    Cultivez sans sol ni terre
    Edition Francex, 1959.
    ROSES.

    Ifie Chemistry ofIife
    Penguin Books, 1991.
    SALISBURY F.B., Ross C. W.

    Plant Physiology
    Wadsworth publishing, 1992.
    VAN PATTEN C.

    Le Jardinage d'interieur
    Brite-Lite, 1996.
    WINKM.

    Biochemistry ofPlant Secondary Metabolism

    Sheffield Academic Press, 1999.

    233

    Gardens

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    CA - V1 L 6L6 Nelson, BC
    Tel. : + 1 250 825 2722
    Fax : + 1 250 825 2723
    info@canfilters.com
    www.canfilters.com

    I

    Ecosystem 2 / Jardin du futur
    1391 chemin du premier rang
    CA - JOT 2JO Sainte Lucie des
    Laurentides - QC
    Tel.:+ 1 866 527 3469
    Fax:+ 1 819 3221546
    rejean@ecosystemonline.com
    www.ecosystemonline.com

    Federation des Societes
    d'Horticulture et d'Ecologie
    du Quebec
    4545 avenue Pierre de Coubertin
    CP 1000, succursale M
    CA - H1V 3R2 Montreal
    Tel.:+ 1 514 252 3010
    Fax: +1514251 8038
    fsheq@fsheq.com
    www.fsheq.com

    Gi-Grow
    230 uberte
    CA - JSR 6X1 Candiac, QC
    Tel.:+ 1 877 843 7257
    Tel.: + 1 450 619 6901
    Fax:+ 1 450 619 6945
    info@gigrow.com
    www.gigrow.com
    www.midnightsunreflector.com

    Greenstar Plant Products

    CA - N1 H 5H8 Guelph, ON
    hort_therapy@hotmail.com
    www.chta.ca

    9850 - 210 St street
    CA - V1 M 4A3 Langley
    Tel.:+1 6048817699
    Fax: + 1 604 882 7659
    info@getgreenstar.com
    www.getgreenstar.com

    Cinagro

    Grotek Manufacturing

    canadian Horticultural
    Therapy Association

    1320 rue Gay Lussac, Local 106
    CA - J4B 7G4 Boucherville
    Quebec
    Tel.: + 1 450 449 0052
    Fax: + 1 450 449 0055
    info@cinagro.ca
    www.cinagro.ca

    198 St street
    CA - V1 M 3C8 Langley
    Tel.:+ 1 604 882 7686
    Fax: + 1 604 882 7659
    info@grotek.net
    www.grotek.net

    Dutch Master

    sales.canada@grozonecontrol.com
    www.grozonecontrol.com

    Tel.: + 1 604 444 0096
    Fax: + 1 604 444 0097
    www.dutchmaster.com.au

    GroZone Control

    Hanna Instruments
    3156 bd. lndustriel
    Laval
    CA - H7L 4P7 Quebec
    Tel.:+ 1 450 6291444
    Fax: + 1 450 629 3335
    info@hannacan.com
    www.hannacan.com

    240

    Hydro System
    I 480 rue Hebert
    . CA - J6S 2B4 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield
    Tel. : + 1 450 371 7000
    Fax: + 1 450 371 7002
    infos@hydrosystem.ca
    www.hydrosystem.ca

    Hydromax
    9300 Lajeunesse
    Montreal
    CA - H2M 1S4 Quebec
    Tel.: + 1 514 381 0111
    Fax:+15143810119
    info@hydromax.ca
    www.hydromax.ca

    Hydromax
    3522 Notre-Dame
    Montreal
    CA - H4A 1v1 Quebec
    Tel.:+ 1 514 481 3939
    Fax:+ 1 514 481 2426
    info@hydromax.ca
    www.hydromax.ca

    Hydromax
    295 Cure Labelle, Laval
    CA - H7L 2Z9 Quebec
    Tel. : + 1 450 628 8380
    Fax : + 1 450 628 3763
    info@hydromax.ca
    www.hydromax.ca

    Hydromax
    3-1695 Atmec (porte 6)
    Gatineau
    CA - J8P 7G7 Quebec
    Tel.:+ 1819663 7470
    Fax:+18196633679
    info@hydromax.ca
    www.hydromax.ca

    Hydromax
    1674 chemin Gascon
    Terrebonne
    CA - J6X 4H9 Quebec
    Tel./Fax: + 1 450 492 7447
    info@hydromax.ca
    www.hydromax.ca

    Hydromax
    388 rue Hebert
    Mont-Laurier
    CA - J9L 2X2 Quebec
    Tel.:+ 1819623 6623
    Fax:+ 1819623 0990
    info@hydromax.ca
    www.hydromax.ca

    Hydro Scope
    ot'fdromax

    PPM Hydroponique

    Agro-Business-Europe

    ~

    504 du Pare, St Eustache
    CA - J7R 5B2 Quebec
    Tel.:+ 1 450 491 2444
    Fax:+ 1450491 2918
    info@ppmhydroponique.ca
    www.ppmhydroponique.ca

    37 rue Ettore Bugatti
    72650 La Chapelle St-Aubin
    Tel: 02 43 57 01 61
    Fax: 02 43 88 50 49
    commercial@abeurope.fr
    Vfflw.abeurope.fr

    s7 rue Corbeil
    -- s Rivieres o.
    :A - G8Z 4P8 Quebec
    -,,1.: + 1 819 372 0500
    =ax:+15143810119
    ...fo@hydromax.ca
    . Ni.hydromax.ca

    Hydrotek
    -2300 rue de l'Avenir
    i.1irabel Saint-Janvier
    :A - J7J 2K4 Quebec
    -ei.: + 1450433 3336
    ::ax: + 1 450 433 6494
    11 fo@hydrotek.ca
    ii\1·.c: .. hydrotek. ca

    NorUtem Lights Hydroponics
    1185 Tecumseh Road
    CA - N8w1 B5 Windsor (Ontario)
    Tel.:+ 1 519 254 4015
    support@northemlightswindsor.com
    http://northernlightswindsor.com

    Nutri Plus
    Tel.: + 1 877 384 9376
    l/fflw.nutri-plus.ca

    Mega Watt Hydroculture

    Rotogro

    Agrolite I Florateck

    Tel. : + 1 905 880 2226
    Fax: + 1 905 880 4373
    info@rotogro.com
    www.rotogro.com

    ZAE de Beaubaton
    71 rue des Entrepreneurs
    86550 Mignaloux-Beauvoir
    Tel.: 05 49 4119 45
    Fax: 05 49 615291
    info@florateck.fr
    VfflW. florateck. fr

    Semences Solana
    17 place Leger, Repentigny
    CA - J6A 5N7 Quebec
    solana@aei.ca
    http://solanaseeds.netfirms.com

    Sylvania
    2001 Drew Road, Mississauga
    CA - L5S 1S4 Ontario
    Tel.: + 1 905 673 6171
    Fax: + 1 905 671 5584
    communications@sylvania.com
    l!fflw.sylvania.com

    Croatia
    Bastijanova 1A
    1O000 Zagreb
    Hrvatska
    Tel.: +01/3839714
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Omega Garden

    Czech Republic

    Optimum Hydroponix
    940 Bergar, Laval
    CA - H7L 4Z8 Quebec
    Tel.: + 1 450 669 3803
    Fax: + 1 450 669 8854
    contact@optimum-hydropon1x.com
    www.optimum-hydroponix.com

    Quebecvert.com
    www.quebecvertcom

    Quick Grow

    Zone industrielle de Keriven
    15 rue Edouard Branly
    29600 Saint Martin des Champs
    Tel.: 02 56 36 03 11
    Vfflw.agro-shop.fr

    Akrohydro
    14 rue du Lavoir
    91640 Vaugrigneuse
    VfflW.akrohydro.fr

    Art Tech Plantes

    Culture Indoor (Zagreb)

    636 route 364, Morin Heights
    CA - JOR 1HO Quebec
    Tel.:+ 1450226 2515
    Fax: + 1 450 226 7843
    info@megawatthydro.com
    VfflW. megawatthydro.com
    Tel.: + 1 604 322 5111
    Fax: + 1 604 325 0558
    info@omegagarden.com
    l!fflw.omegagarden.com

    Agro-Shop

    Prima Klima Trading
    Radnice 594
    CZ - 33828 Radnice u Rokycan
    Tel.: + 420 371 795 340
    Fax: + 420 371 795 343
    info@primaklima.biz
    Vfflw.primaklima.biz

    France
    Advanta France
    ZI route de Lavardac I BP 58
    47600 Nerac
    Tel. : 05 53 97 60 00
    Fax: 05 53 65 27 60
    l/fflW.advanta.fr

    541 Howe Street Suite 300
    CA - BC V6C 2C2 Vancouver
    Tel.:+ 1144 1244 579 166
    info@quickgrow.ca
    Vfflw.quickgrow.ca
    241

    74 rue de Nantes
    35300 Fougeres
    Tel./Fax: 02 23 51 04 24
    Tel: 06 6212 53 66
    larttechplantes@orange.fr
    http://arttechplants.free.fr

    Annuaire de l'Agence Bio
    6 rue Lavoisier
    93100 Montreuil-sous-bois
    Tel.: 01 48 70 48 30
    Fax: 01 48 70 48 45
    contact@agencebio.org
    http://annuaire.agencebio.org/

    Association Parisienne
    des Amateurs d'Orchidees
    22 avenue de Laumiere
    75019 Paris
    http://orchidee.75.free.fr

    Association des joumalistes
    du jardin et de !'horticulture
    32 rue des Cailles, 91540 Mennecy
    VfflW.alih.org

    Hydro Scope
    Association des Pepinieristes
    Collectionneurs
    Lannenec,
    56270 Ploemeur
    Tel.: 02 97 85 26 94
    Fax: 02 97 86 3816
    aspeco@wanadoo.fr
    www.aspeco.net

    Astredhor
    44 rue d'Alesia
    75682 Paris cedex 14
    Tel.: 0153914500
    Fax: 014538 56 72
    info@astredhor.asso.fr
    www.astredhor.fr/

    Au Buisson Fleuri (Growshop)
    20 rue d'Aubuisson
    31000 Toulouse
    Tel.I Fax : 05 61 63 48 78
    magasin@aubuissonfleun.com
    www.aubuissonfleuri.com

    Au Buisson Fleuri (Showroom)
    12 rue Sainte-Ursule
    31000 Toulouse
    Tel.I Fax: 05 61 21 23 41
    contact@aubuissonfleuri.com
    www.aubuissonfleuri.com

    Au Jardin de Willemse
    300 rue des Trois Pierres
    59200 Tourcoing
    Tel.: 08 92 700 205
    Fax: 03 20 25 63 43
    www.willemsefrance.fr

    Bakker France
    13 rue Trieu du Quesnoy
    59390 Toufflers
    Tel.: 08 92 46 34 63
    Fax: 03 20 6612 99
    www.bakker.fr

    Bio-Hydro-CUitures
    98 rue de Fauge
    ZI Les paluds
    13400 Aubagne
    Tel.:0442704983
    Tel.: 06 32 47 64 14
    bhcclient@gmail.com
    www.biohydrocultures.fr

    Bioplants
    4 avenue Georges Clemenceau
    83190 Ollioulles
    Tel. : 09 73 82 40 90
    bioplants@hotmail.fr

    Biosensation
    51 rue Pornichet
    44600 Saint-Nazaire
    Tel./ Fax: 02 40 70 51 58

    Bois Valor
    Site industriel St Antoine - Bat. 19
    4 rue Jean le Rond d'Alembert
    81000Albi
    Tel.: 05 63 45 00 20
    Fax: 05 63 77 55 93
    info@shbhydro.com
    www.boisvalor.fr

    ca pousse

    Conservatoire des Collections
    Vegetales Specialisees
    84 rue de Grenelle, 75007 Paris
    Tel.: 014439 78 84
    Fax: 01 44 39 78 85

    Coulon Dimev
    1786 Chemin des Astourets
    83130 La Garde
    Tel.: 04 94 21 20 70
    Fax: 04 94 75 87 93
    infos@coulon-dimev.com
    www.coulon-dimev.com

    Culture Garden

    1Obis avenue Marius Ghirardelli
    13830 Roquefort la Bedoule
    Tel.: 0618 68 25 11
    boutiquecapousse@free.fr

    carliflore
    35 boulevard Maignan Lariviere
    BP 0921, 80009 Amiens cedex 1
    Tel. : 03 22 72 77 00
    Fax: 03 22 91 70 89
    carli@pony.fr
    http://pagesperso-orange.fr/carliflore/

    CIS Products
    32 - 34 rue de la Regalle
    ZAE La Regalle
    77181 Courtry
    Tel.: 01 64 212000
    Fax: 01 60 20 28 34
    wholesales@cultureindoor.com
    www.cisproducts.fr

    City Plantes (Avignon)
    150 boulevard Pierre Semard
    84000 Avignon
    Tel.: 04 90 8718 90
    www.cityplantes.com

    City Plantes (Niort)
    348 bis avenue de Paris
    79000 Niort
    Tel.: 05 49 2418 86
    www.cityplantes.com

    Comptoir des Jardiniers
    40 route d'Aulnoy I BP 559
    59308 Valenciennes cedex
    Tel.: 03 27 46 37 50
    Fax: 03 27 29 0812
    contacts@jardiniersdefrance.com
    www.jardiniersdefrance.com

    242

    4 rue Colbert
    56100 Lorient
    Tel./Fax: 02 97 84 09 38

    CUiture Indoor (01)
    ZI du Technoparc
    165 rue Clement Ader
    01630 Saint-Genis-Pouilly
    Tel.: 04 50 42 77 51
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (02)
    5 Grande rue
    02240 Regny
    Tel.: 03 23 63 77 20
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (02)
    6 rue Saint Quentin
    02200 Soissons
    Tel.: 03 23 55 92 62
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (06)
    5 avenue de Nice
    06800 Cagnes sur Mer
    Tel.: 04 93 08 77 57
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (06)
    49 Boulevard Franr,;ois Grosso
    06000 Nice
    Tel.: 04 93 7213 10
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (09)
    31 rue Victor Hugo
    09100 Pamiers
    Tel.: 05 616944 37
    www.cultureindoor.com

    QBeTeM B IIOJIHYIO CMJIY !

    arollelweg 1, 4209 AA Sch
    ox: 0031-10)183-624114.

    eh, The NetJ1erlanO
    info@bio-g-power.n~

    Tel: 0031 · (0)183-64800
    www .bio-g-power.n

    HydroScope
    Culture Indoor (1 O)

    Culture Indoor (17)

    Culture Indoor (31)

    B7 rue Kleber
    10000 Troyes
    Tel.: 03 25 79B515
    www.cultureindoor.com

    2E Residence Etoile Marine
    avenue Amerigo vespucci
    17000 La Rochelle
    Tel.: 05 46 56 74 13
    www.cultureindoor.com

    5 Grande rue Saint-Michel
    31400 Toulouse
    Tel.: 05 61 25 36 84
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (11)
    2B rue de la Republique
    11000 Carcassonne
    Tel.: 04 30 34 45 5B
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (11)
    32 avenue du General Leclerc
    11100 Narbonne
    rn. :01 64 21 20 oo
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (13)
    10/12 rue de l'Opera
    13100 Aix en Provence
    Tel.: 04 BB 413215
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (13)

    Culture Indoor (21)
    Brue de l'Arquebuse
    21000 Dijon
    Tel.: 09 51 30 B5 B6
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (22)
    19 place Baratoux
    22000 Saint-Brieuc
    Tel. : 02 96 33 92 02
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (33)
    59 rue du Mirail
    33000 Bordeaux
    Tel.: 05 56 313290
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (33)
    75 cours de la Republique
    33470 Gujan Mestras
    Tel.: 05 56 661912
    www.cultureindoor.com

    32 rue de Dole
    25000 Besancon
    Tel.: 03 B1 21 2415
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (33)
    ZI du Phare
    27 rue Fran~ois Arago
    33700 Merignac
    Tel.: 05 56 47 79 B5
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (25)

    32 rue Nicolas COpemic
    ZI Nord
    13200Arles
    rn.:04BB413215
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (25)

    CUiture Indoor (34)

    26 avenue du General de Gaulle
    25460 Etupes
    Tel.: 03 B1 318332
    www.cultureindoor.com

    4 bis rue Chaptal
    34000 Montpellier
    Tel.: 04 67 58 24 87
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (13)

    Culture Indoor (26)

    Culture indoor (35)

    64 rue Sainte
    13001 Marseille
    Tel.: 04 90 54 78 71
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Zone artisanale de Fontgrave
    26740 Montboucher-sur-Jabron
    Tel.: 09 82 23 86 83
    www.cultureindoor.com

    30 rue des Landelles
    35135 Chantepie (Rennes)
    Tel.: 02 99 32 17 5B
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (13)

    Culturelndoor(26)

    Culture Indoor (37)

    11 avenue JF Kennedy
    13500 Marligues
    Tel.: 04 42 43 54 71
    www.cultureindoor.com

    135 avenue de Romans
    26000 Valence
    Tel.: 04 26 421919
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (14)

    Culture Indoor (28)

    18 rue Nicolas Appert
    37300 Joue les Tours
    Tel.: 09 50 73 90 48
    Tel.: 02 47 518831
    www.culture1ndoor.com

    7 rue de la misericorde
    14000 Caen
    Tel.: 02 31 50 26 12
    www.cultureindoor.com

    3-5 rue Rene cassin
    28000 Chartres
    Tel.: 02 37 90 32 75
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (17)

    Culture Indoor (29)

    4 ZAC de la Bobinerie
    17810 Saint-George des COteaux
    Tel.: 05 46 93 35 57
    www.cultureindoor.com

    3 rue de Pont Aven
    29300 Ouimperle
    Tel.:0164212000
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (30)
    6 avenue Carnot
    30000 Nimes
    Tel.: 04 66 21 39 58
    www.cultureindoor.com
    244

    Culture Indoor (38)
    18 route de Lyon
    38000 Grenoble
    Tel.: 04 76 94 07 35
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (38)
    2248 route departementale 1085
    38300 Nivolas Vermelle
    Tel.: 09 63 215760
    www.cultureindoor.com

    HydroScope
    ~

    Indoor (40)

    _, d Alsace Lorraine
    Mont de Marsan
    :5 58 719735
    cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (57)

    Culture Indoor (66)

    39 rue du General Franiatte
    57950 Montigny Ies Metz
    Tel. : 03 87 50 67 94
    www.cultureindoor.com

    70 avenue Louis Torcatis
    66000 Perpignan
    Tel.: 04 68 51 76 65
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Cultw'e Indoor (59)

    CUiture Indoor (67)

    route de Rivas
    .:__30 Cuzieu
    - - 04.27.64.22.54
    cultureindoor.com

    9680 rue Achille Perres
    59640 Dunkerque
    rn.: 03 28 63 81 48
    www.cultureindoor.com

    29A rue de !'Esperance
    67400 lllkirch Graffenstaden
    Tel.: 09 81 63 63 65
    www.cultureindoor.com

    ::Ulture Indoor (42)

    Abare Indoor (42)
    ~"

    Culture Indoor (59)

    Culture Indoor (69)

    rue des Allies
    Ost Etienne
    : 09 51 63 91 04
    '11.cultureindoor.com

    97 rue des Postes
    59000 Lille
    rn. :03 20 55 25 21
    www.cultureindoor.com

    116 rue Garibaldi
    69006 Lyon
    Tel.: 09.81.10.75.15
    www.cultureindoor.com

    r.utture Indoor (44)

    Cultw'e Indoor (60)

    CUiture Indoor (69)

    = LJe d' Alsace Lorraine
    --!400 Reze
    ~ : 02 40 05 82 94
    .cultureindoor.com

    -

    1120 avenue du Tremblay
    60100 Creil
    Tel.: 03 60 02 44 32
    www.cultureindoor.com

    14 rue crepet
    69007 Lyon
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (45)

    CUiture Indoor (62)

    -05 route Nationale 20
    !5520 Cercottes
    -21.: 02 38 75 91 91
    _r1w..cultureindoor.com

    4 rue de la Liberation
    6271 oCourrieres
    rn.: 03 61 oo 21 20
    lensindoor@gmail.com
    www.cultureindoor.com

    167 rue Jean Vatout
    69400 Villefranche Sur Soane
    Tel.: 04 74 60 87 58
    culture-indoor@orange.fr
    www.cultureindoor.com

    ~

    --

    -~

    Culturelndoor(47}
    6 rue Emile Sentini
    47000Agen
    Tel.: 05 53 96 35 83
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culturelndoor(50)
    43 rue Hippolyte de Tocqueville
    50100 Cherbourg-Octeville
    Tel.: 02 33 93 92 14
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUlturelndoor(51)
    28ter rue de l'Hopital Auban Moet
    51200 Epemay
    rn.: 03 26 54 73 04
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (51)
    33F rue Ernest Renan
    51100 Reims
    Tel. : 03 26 83 95 69
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (54)

    CUiture Indoor (63)
    39 bis avenue Franklin Roosevelt
    63000 Clermont-Ferrand
    Tel.: 04 73 37 11 53
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (69)

    Culturelndoor(70)
    Zone de la Motte
    rue du Petit Montmarin
    70000 Vesoul
    Tel.: 01 64 21 20 00
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (64)

    Culture Indoor (72)

    3 rue Denis Etcheverry
    64100 Bayonne
    Tel.: 05 59 42 41 76
    www.cultureindoor.com

    73 rue de Gambetta
    72000 Le Mans
    Tel.: 01 64 21 20 00
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (64)

    Culture Indoor (73)

    ZI lnduspal
    30 avenue des treres Lumieres
    64140 Lons
    rn. :05 59 06 24 28
    www.cultureindoor.com

    68 rue des Ecoles
    73230 Saint-Alban-Leysse
    Tel.: 04 79 25 44 31
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (65)

    4 rue de Sansy
    Z.I de Vovray
    74600 Seynod
    Tel.: 04 50 60 47 59
    www.cultureindoor.com

    2 rue Andre Fourcade
    65000 Tarbes
    Tel.: 05 62 37 70 21
    www.cultureindoor.com

    150 avenue du General Leclerc
    54000 Nancy
    Tel. : 03 83 56 77 30
    www.cultureindoor.com

    245

    Culturelndoor(74)

    HydroScope
    Culture Indoor (74)

    ] Culture Indoor (78)

    25 rue de la Republique
    74100 Ville La Grand
    Tel. : 04 50 04 66 26
    www.cultureindoor.com

    62 ter avenue du General Leclerc
    78230 Le Pecq
    Tel.:0130617768
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (75)

    Culture Indoor (80)

    9 rue Pache
    75011 Paris
    Tel.: 01 40 0912 77
    www.cultureindoor.com

    1 rue des deux ponts
    80480 Bacouel-sur-Selle
    Tel.: 09 67 07 28 78
    [ www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (75)

    ' Culture Indoor (82)

    57 boulevard Brune
    75014 Paris
    Tel.: 014543 35 98
    www.cultureindocr.com

    141 rue Faubourg Lacapelle
    82000 Montauban
    Tel.: 05 63 66 59 64
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (75)

    I

    1

    Culture Indoor (91)

    8 rue de Chilly
    91160 Longjumeau
    I Tel.: 01 69 09 69 12
    ] www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (92)
    I
    I

    81 rue Billancourt
    92100 Boulogne
    Tel. : 09 53 66 56 26
    www.cultureindoor.com

    I

    17 rue Gaulaincourt
    75018 Paris
    Tel.: 01 42 62 37 91
    www.cultureindoor.com

    I

    Culturelndoor(83)
    ZA Saint-Pons

    Culture Indoor (76)
    121 route de Dieppe
    76150 Maromme
    Tel.: 02 32 82 86 62
    www.cultureindocr.com

    83600 Frejus
    Tel. : 04 98 12 93 42
    www.culturerndoor.com

    Culture Indoor (Siege)

    I

    32-34 rue de la Regalle
    lPf. La Regalle
    77181 Courtry
    Tel.: 01 64 21 20 00
    Fax : 01 60 20 28 34
    contact@cultureindoor.com
    www.cultureindoor.com

    I

    Culture Indoor (77)
    23 avenue Clemenceau
    77100 Meaux
    Tel./Fax: 01600911 85
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (77)
    7 rue de la Rochette
    77000 Melun
    Tel.: 01 64 39 72 06
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (78)
    40 - 42 rue des Broderies
    7831 o COigneres
    Tel.: 01 30 49 96 27
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (83)
    29 bd Saint Exupery
    83300 Draguignan
    Tel.: 04 94 47 o5 02
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor (83)

    21 impasse Francois Cruciani
    Ouartier Saint Jean du Var I Brunet
    183100 Toulon
    Tel.: 04 94 316624
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (84)
    380 rue Paul Eluard
    84000 Avignon
    I Tel.: 04 90 800411
    , www.cultureindoor.com
    I

    Culture Indoor (86)

    11 bis Georges Leclanche
    86000 Poitiers
    Tel.:0549418636
    www.cultureindoor.com
    I

    I

    I

    Culture Indoor (87)

    43 rue Cruveilhier
    87000 Limoges
    Tel. : 09 81 48 44 00
    [ www.cultureindoor.com
    246

    2 rue de la source
    92000 Nanterre
    Tel.: 01469510 24
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (93)
    170 Grande rue
    93250 Villemomble
    Tel.I Fax: 014894 74 95
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (94)
    118 - 120 boulevard de Creteil
    194100 Saint-Maur-des-Fosses
    Tel.: 01 42 83 54 93
    Fax: 014885 08 63
    I www.cultureindoor.com
    I

    Culture Indoor (95)

    •. 39 boulevard de la Gare
    I 9521 OSaint-Gratien
    Tel.I Fax : 01 34 05 04 94
    I www.cultureindoor.com

    I Culture Indoor (Guadeloupe)

    I
    I

    Culture Indoor (85)

    47 rue de la grande sauzaie
    85470 Bretignolles sur Mer
    I mi.: 02 51239710
    www.cultureindoor.com
    1

    Culture Indoor (92)
    I

    I

    Zone industrielle JARRY
    Impasse Andre Ampere
    97122 Baie-Mahault
    re1.: 05 90-81 87 98
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Culture Indoor (La Reunion)

    103 rue Generale De Gaulle
    97400 Saint Denis
    I Tei.: 02 62 30 61 77
    , www.cultureindoor.com
    I

    I

    Culture Indoor (La Reunion)
    69 rue Marius et Ary Leblond
    9741 OSaint-Pierre, La Reunion
    Tel./Fax: 02 62 25 56 01
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Hydro Scope
    Fe1111e de Sainte Marthe

    CuHureKaya

    Etablissements Devulder

    :. rue de Molesme
    -0000 Troyes
    -el./Fax: 03 25 43 13 90
    lturekaya@hotmail.fr
    :. :•.culture-kayacom

    69 rue de la Vallee
    95450 Sagy
    Tel.: 013466 33 32
    Fax: 01 34 66 33 27
    ets.devulder@wanadoo.fr

    Del bard

    Etablissements Heron

    16 quai Megisserie, 75001 Paris
    Tel.: 01 44 88 80 10
    Fax: 01 40 26 36 25
    contact@delbard.com
    www.delbard.com

    1Obis rue de Paris
    78520 Limay
    Tel.: 01 34 77 58 69
    Fax: 01 30 92 32 53

    4 rue Monseigneur Thouvenin
    54000 Nancy
    Tel.: 03 83 47 83 98
    Fax: 03 6710 00 05
    contact@floraled.fr
    www.floraled.fr

    Etablissements Lacombe Nonat

    Roralia

    Earl de l'Ormoy Roosen

    46 route des Bordes
    9 boulevard des Ursulines
    91220 Le Plessis Pates
    Tel. : 01 60 84 05 13
    Tel. : 01 34 67 04 30
    Fax: 01 69 88 96 95
    Fax: 01 34 67 3519
    jean-luc.lacombe5@wanadoo.fr
    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/lacombe.nonat/ Florateck
    ZAE de Beaubaton
    71 rue des Entrepreneurs
    Etablissements Masanell
    86550 Mignaloux-Beauvoir
    4 route de Grignon
    Tel.: 05 49 41 77 48
    78810 Davron
    Fax: 05 49 61 52 91
    Tel.: 01 30 54 98 84
    info@florateck.fr
    Fax: 013459 07 02
    www.florateck.fr

    '2.\ me de \'GtffiO'J
    77720 Aubeplerre
    Tel.: 01 64 06 92 52
    Fax: 01 64 06 56 69

    Earl Turpin
    Les Reurs de la Ruche
    71 rue Division Leclerc
    91360 Epinay-sur-Orge
    Tel.: 01 69 09 16 94
    Fax: 01 69 34 29 81
    turpin.earl@wanadoo.fr

    Eco6tm
    38 bis rue Grande Vallee
    50100 Cherbourg
    Tel.: 02 33 10 22 49
    eco6tm@wanadoo.fr

    Etablissements Merlin

    357 route de Conflans
    95220 Herblay
    Tel.: 01 39 97 64 29
    Fax: 01 39 78 51 25
    alain.merlin@netcourrier.com

    Etablissements Bedeau Jardins

    Etablissements Vion

    route de Chalo Saint-Mars
    91150 Etampes
    Tel.: 01 69 78 00 99
    Fax: 01 60 80 00 36

    route de l'Obelisque
    77515 Faremoutiers
    Tel.: 01 64 04 21 20
    Fax: 01 64 03 92 51
    vion.horticulture@wanadoo.fr

    Etablissements Bourgoin
    Chemin du Petit Saclay, 91400 Orsay
    Tel.: 01 69 41 13 66
    Fax:0169419096
    ets.bourgoin@wanadoo.fr

    Etablissements Coudene
    15 rue Fran~ois Villon
    95430 Auvers-sur-Olse
    Tel.: 01 30 36 70 36
    Fax:0130361189
    contact@parisnordplantes.fr.st
    http://parisnordplantes.fr.st

    Eternel printemps indoor
    28 rue SaintAmbroise
    75011 Paris
    Tel.: 018396 08 54
    nag@etemelprintempsindoor.com
    www.eternelprintempsindoor.com

    Fabre Graines
    577 48 Metz cedex 9
    Tel.: 03 87 74 07 65
    www.fabre-graines.com

    Etablissements Dekker

    Federation Nationale
    des Metiers de la Jardinerie

    52 chemin de Vaillon Bernay Vilbert
    77540 Rosay-en-Brie
    Tel.: 01 64 25 65 75
    Fax: 01 64 42 92 03
    philippe.dekker@wanadoo.fr

    22 rue Esquirel, 75013 Paris
    Tel.: 01 44 24 96 97
    Fax: 01 44 24 01 24
    fnmj@wanadoo.fr

    247

    BP 1O, 41700 COur Cheverny

    Tel.: 08 91 70 08 99
    www.termedesaintemarthe.com

    FloraLED

    Florimond Desprez
    3 rue Florimond Desprez I BP 41
    59242 cappelle en Pevele
    Tel.: 03 20 84 94 90
    Fax: 03 20 59 66 01
    contact@florimond-desprez.fr
    www.florimond-desprez.fr

    France Qualite Stamens
    22 domaine de Rosebrie
    94520 Mandres les Roses
    Tel.: 01 45 98 91 14
    Fax: 014598 77 34
    info@stamens.fr
    www.stamens.fr

    Gaec Feron Freres
    1 rue Serret
    95270 St Martin du Tertre
    Tel.: 01 30 35 71 25
    Fax: 01 30 35 75 09
    feronfleurs@yahoo.fr

    Galerie Verte Jardins de Babylone
    6 rue des JeOneurs
    75002 Paris
    Tel.: 0140419040
    contact@jardinsdebabylone.fr
    www.jardinsdebabylone.fr

    HydroScope
    Hydrogeneration (Auch)

    Hydrozone (12)

    I Hydrozone (36)

    131 bis chemin de Lescat
    32000Auch
    contact@hydrogeneration.fr
    www.hydrogeneration.fr

    47 rue de Bonalde
    12000 Rodez
    Tel.: 05 65 71 90 35
    www.hydrozone.fr

    . 50 rue Grande
    36500 Buzam,;ais
    Tel.: 02 540216 39
    chateauroux@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrogeneration (Toulouse)

    Hydrozone (13)

    ZI en Jacca
    6 allee de Sisteron
    31770 Colomiers
    Tel.I Fax: 05 34 39 90 46
    contact@hydrogeneration.fr
    www.hydrogeneration.fr

    15 avenue de la gare maritime
    13200Arles
    Tel.: 04 90 97 82 02
    arles@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    www.hydroparadise.com

    4 A rue Thales
    ZAC. de Belle Aire Sud
    17440 La Rochelle - Aytre
    Tel.: 05 46 51 71 12
    larochelle@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    9 rue des Pommiers
    13520 Maussane
    Tel.: 09 75 75 62 53
    Fax: 04 90 9313 26
    info@hydroparadise.com
    www.hydroparadise.com

    Hydropassion
    BP 19, 29490 Guipavas
    Tel./Fax: 08 20 30 20 60
    infos@hydropassion.eu
    www.hydropassion.eu

    Hydroponia
    39 rue d'Herimoncourt
    2531 OAutechaux Roide
    Tel.: 03 819697 57

    Hydrophile - SOC
    CA Richard Bloch, D 42
    69700 Chassagny
    rn.: 04 78 48 92 35
    hydrophile.s.d.c@orange.fr
    www.hydrophile-sdc.com

    Hydroponie et Bio Culture
    (Nantes)
    18 rue Saint-Leonard
    44000 Nantes
    rn.: 02 40 48 49 73

    Hydroponie et Bio Culture
    (Rennes)
    3 rue Emile Souvestre
    35000 Rennes
    Tel./Fax: 02 234015 26

    Hydropouss
    7 rue des Cordeliers
    07200 Aubenas
    Tel.: 04 75 35 36 77
    Tel.: 06 37 75 50 35
    hydropouss@orange.fr
    www.hydropouss.fr

    Hydrozone (17)

    Hydrozone (37}
    Zone Commerciale Notre Dame d'Oe
    2 rue Robert Schumann
    37390 Notre Dame d'Oe, Tours Nord
    Tel.: 02 47 51 72 05
    tours@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (40)
    Centre commercial 2002 - RN10
    40220Tamos
    Tel.: 09 BO 79 56 92
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (30)

    Hydrozone (42)

    16 rue Ballore
    30100A1es
    Tel.: 04 66 85 49 81
    larochelle@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    140 rue Antoine Durafour
    42000 Saint-Etienne
    Tel.: 04 77 20 23 46
    stetienne@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (31)
    44 rue Michel Ange
    I 31200Toulouse
    rn. :05 34 30 67 96
    toulouse@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (33)
    22 bis avenue Gustave Eiffel
    Zone artisanale
    3351 OAndemos Jes bains
    Tel.: 05 5717 69 61
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (34)
    5 rue du Sergent Bobillot
    34500 Beziers
    Tel.: 04 67 01 25 48
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (34)
    183 rue de l'industrie
    34000 Montpellier
    Tel.: 04 67 54 65 81
    montpellier@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    252

    Hydrozone (44)
    ZI Nantes - carquefou
    4 impasse du Tertre
    44477 carquefou Cedex
    Tel.: 02 51 71 21 24
    nantes@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (56)
    30 bis rue Victor Basch
    56000 Vannes
    Tel.: 09 54 35 40 33
    vannes@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (63)
    27 avenue de la Republique
    63100 Clermont-Ferrand
    Tel.: 05 49 32 67 70
    clermontferrand@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydrozone (67}
    rue Emile Mathis
    67201 Eckbolshelm
    Tel.: 09 83 00 32 82
    mulhouse@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Hydro Scope
    Hydrozone (68)
    106 rue des Bains
    68390 Saushelm
    Tel.: 09 81 91 81 73
    mulhouse@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.tr

    Hydrozone (77)
    18 rue de la Gare
    77360 Vaires sur Mame
    rn.:01 602001 50
    vaires@hydrozone.tr
    www.hydrozone.tr

    Indoor Gardens (05)
    4 bd du General Charles De Gaulle
    05000 Gap
    Tel.: 09 66 016435
    gap@indoorgardens.tr
    www.indoorgardens.tr

    Indoor Gardens (16)
    5 avenue Claude Boucher
    La croix Landolle
    16100 Chateaubemard
    rn.: 05 45 32 46 91
    www.indoorgardens.tr

    Indoor Gardens (06)
    14 avenue des Tuilleres
    06800 Cagnes sur Mer
    rn.: 04 92 02 15 67
    cagnes@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (17)
    56 rue Denfert Rochereau
    17300 Rochefort
    Tel.: 05 46 99 40 21

    Hydrozone (79)
    29 rue des Charmes
    79000 Niort I Bessines
    Tel.: 05 49 32 67 70
    niort@hydrozone.fr
    www.hydrozone.tr

    Indoor Gardens (07)
    17 rue de Bernardy
    07200 Aubenas
    Tel.: 09 82 42 39 90

    Hydrozone (84)
    150 boulevard Pierre Semard
    84000 Avignon
    rn.: 04 90 87 18 90

    Indoor Gardens (08)
    12 rue Ferdinand Buisson
    08000 Villers-Semeuse
    Tel.: 03 24 32 01 29

    www.hydrozone.tr

    Hydrozone (85)
    6 rue de la Chapelle
    85280 La Roche Sur Yon I La Ferriere
    Tel.: 02 51 09 44 99
    larochesuryon@hydrozone.tr
    www.hydrozone.tr

    Hydrozone (86)
    5 allee des Jardinieres
    86000 Poitiers
    Tel.: 05 49 613556
    Fax: 05 49 61 52 91
    poitiers@hydrozone.tr
    www.hydrozone.tr
    Hydrozone (87)
    12 rue Francois Chenieux
    87000 Limoges
    Tel.: 05 55 77 74 35
    limoges@hydrozone.tr
    www.hydrozone.fr

    Indoor Gardens (01)
    975 ZAC de Noirefontaine
    01250 Montagnat
    Tel.: 04 74 24 66 94
    bourgenbresse@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.tr

    cagnes@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    charteville@indoorgardens.tr
    www.indoorgardens.tr

    Indoor Gardens (11)
    rue Jean Augustin Fresnel
    ZA de l'Amouzette
    11000 Carcassonne
    Tel.: 04 68 47 60 56
    carcassonne@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (13)
    161 rue Saint-Pierre
    13005 Marseille
    Tel.: 04 91 42 13 91
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (13)
    120, avenue George Borel
    13300 Salon de provence
    Tel.: 04 90 53 19 16
    Fax: 04 90 5318 79

    rochefort@indoorgardens.tr
    www.indoorgardens.tr

    Indoor Gardens (19)
    28 avenue Ribot
    1901 0 Brive-la-Gaillarde
    Tel.: 05 55 22 4716
    www.indoorgardens.tr
    Indoor Gardens (25)
    4 rue du lavoir
    25480 Pirey
    Tel.: 03 81 25 49 00
    www.indoorgardens.tr
    Indoor Gardens (26)
    333 avenue Victor Hugo - Centre Vamet
    26000 Valence
    rn.: 04 75 82 96 51
    www.indoorgardens.fr
    Indoor Gardens (27)
    10, rue Saint Pierre 27000 Evreux
    Tel.: 02 32 30 29 30
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (28)
    60, rue du General Georges Patton
    28000 Chartres
    Tel.: 02 36 67 50 11
    www.indoorgardens.tr

    Indoor Gardens (30)
    12 rue Saint-Anne
    30900 Nimes
    Tel.: 04 66 36 76 71

    www.indoorgardens.tr

    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (14)
    2 avenue d'Harcourt
    14123 Reury-sur-Ome
    Tel.: 02 31725615

    Indoor Gardens (31)
    38 avenue Leon Blum
    31500 Toulouse
    Tel. : 05 34 25 11 63
    toulouse@indoorgardens.tr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    www.indoorgardens.fr

    253

    Hydro Scope
    Indoor Gardens (33)

    Indoor Gardens (38)

    Indoor Gardens (52)

    39 cours Pasteur
    33000 Bordeaux
    Tel.: 05 56 319508
    bordeaux@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    960 chemin de la Croix Verte
    38330 Montbonnot St Martin
    Tel.: 09 81 01 04 94
    grenoble@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    2 rue des Jardins
    52000 Villiers le Sec
    Tel.: 03 25 016666
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (33)

    Indoor Gardens (38)

    451 route de Toulouse
    33140 Villenave d'ornon
    Tel.: 05 56 39 01 69
    bordeaux@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    7 Square des fusilles
    ZAC Bouchayet-Viallet
    38000 Grenoble
    Tel.: 09 82 47 24 43
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    I 54500 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy
    Tel.: 03 5412 30 34

    Indoor Gardens (33)

    Indoor Gardens (42)

    1

    6 rue du President Carnot
    33500 Liboume
    Tel.: 05 57 514823
    liboume@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    5 chemin de la Goutte
    42390Villars
    Tel.: 04 77 35 97 55
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (34)
    8, rue Roque Segui
    34420 Villeneuve les Beziers
    Tel.: 06 03 55 94 41
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    19, rue de la Mainguais
    44470 Carquefou
    Tel.: 09 51 83 52 70
    nantes@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (34)

    Indoor Gardens (44)

    80 rue du Faubourg de Flguerolles
    34070 Montpellier
    Tel.: 09 62 52 06 51
    montpellier@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    22 rue Paul Bellamy, 44000 Nantes
    Tel.: 09 51 83 67 12
    nantes@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (35)

    62 bis rue Jean Jaures
    44600 Saint Nazaire
    Tel.: 02 44 07 59 52
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    12 rue de Roberdlere
    ZA de Rennes Quest
    Tel.: 02 99 14 39 48
    rennes@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (35)
    1Orue du Clos Vert
    35400 Saint Malo
    Tel.: 02 23 18 21 04
    rennes@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (37)
    12 rue Jules Charpentier
    Quartier les Hailes
    37000Tours
    Tel.: 02 47 20 49 31
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (44)

    Indoor Gardens (54)
    111 avenue du General Leclerc

    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (57)
    1 rue du Chemin de Fer

    Indoor Gardens (59)
    1 rue Fontaine del Saulx
    59000 Lille
    • Tel. : 03 28 04 86 97
    www.indoorgardens.fr
    1

    Indoor Gardens (59)
    rue d'Hurtebises
    59125 Trith ST Leger
    Tel. : 03 27 26 43 11
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (60)

    Indoor Gardens (44)
    I

    Indoor Gardens (49)
    centre commercial du Bois du Roy
    54 avenue de la Boissiere
    49240 Avrille (Angers)
    Tel.: 02 41 60 56 93
    angers@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (51)
    22 Grande rue
    51430 Tinqueux
    Tel.: 09 81 87 41 87
    reims@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr
    254

    29 rue du 27 Juin
    60000 Beauvais
    Tel.: 03 44 45 36 43
    beauvais@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (60)

    Indoor Gardens (45)
    175 rue de la Barriere Saint-Marc
    45400 Fleury les Aubrais (Orleans)
    Tel./Fax: 02 38 54 07 36
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    57155 Marly
    Tel.: 03 87 57 50 63
    metz@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    2 ter rue de Noyon
    60200 compiegne
    Tel. : 03 44 90 93 72
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    : Indoor Gardens (62)
    I

    33 rue Hyppolite Darre
    62200 Boulogne sur mer
    Tel.:0321104941
    boulognesurmer@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (63)
    35 rue des Ribes
    63170 Aublere
    Tel.: 04 73 14 89 86
    clermontferrand@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

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    HydroScope
    Indoor Gardens (64)

    Indoor Gardens (74)

    75 rue Castetnau
    64000 Pau
    Tel.: 09 50 91 01 52
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    ZAE Pont de Tasset
    15 avenue du Pont de Tasset
    74960 Meytet
    Tel.: 09 81 0717 63
    annecy@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (67)
    5 avenue de l'Energie
    ZI de Bischheim I Hoenheim
    67800 Bischheim
    Tel.:0388811492
    strasbourg@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (68)
    22, rue de la Fecht
    68000 Colmar
    Tel.: 03 89 29 07 48
    www.indoorgardens.fr
    Indoor Gardens (69)
    104 rue d'Anvers
    69007 Lyon
    Tel.: 09 65 313755
    lyon@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (69)
    4, rue Edouard Aynard - Pare Tolsto"i
    691 00 Villeurbanne
    Tel.: 09 53 72 50 80
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (71)
    51 route Nationale 6
    71240 Saint-Loup-de-Varennes
    Tel.: 03 85 96 25 79
    chalonsursaone@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (71)
    145 rue Chatillon
    71000 Macon
    Tel. : 03 85 39 84 48
    mac011@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (73)
    369 rue Aristide Berges
    73000 Chambery
    Tel.: 09 810278 53
    chambery@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (83)
    26 rue du Commerce
    ZA Camp Ferrat I
    83120 Sainte Maxime
    Tel.I Fax: 04 94 53 86 59
    cogolin@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Ganlens (75)

    Indoor Ganlens (83)

    96 boulevard des Batignolles
    75017 Paris
    Tel.: 014522 7719
    paris17@indoorgardens.fr
    www.lndoorgardens.fr

    89 rue Jean Philippe Rameau
    83000 Toulon
    Tel.: 04 94 61 24 95
    toulon@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (76)

    Indoor Gardens (84)

    70 quai Lamblardie
    76600 Le Havre
    Tel.: 02 35 45 67 60
    lehavre@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    28, avenue Charles de Gaulle
    84130 Le Pontet
    Tel.:0981804914
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (76)

    23 avenue Jacques Cceur
    86000 Poitiers
    Tel.: 05 49 43 75 63
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    33 place de la Basse Vieille Tour
    76000 Rouen
    Tel. : 02 35 71 80 72
    rouen@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (76)
    33 place de la Basse Vieille Tour
    76000 Rouen
    Tel.: 02 35 71 80 72
    rouen@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (78)
    179 rue Paul Doumer
    7851 OTriel sur mer
    Tel.: 09 62 60 81 05
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (80)
    69 rue du Bel air
    80000 Amiens
    Tel.: 09 81 04 16 52
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (82)
    70 chemin des Ormeaux
    82000 Montauban
    Tel.: 05 63 9313 87
    montauban@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (86)

    Indoor Ganlens (88)
    85, rue d' Alsace
    88000 Epinal
    Tel.: 03 29 6482 66
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (90)
    24 bis rue Denfert-Rochereau
    90000 Belfort
    Tel. : 03 84 21 39 62
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (91)
    15 rue Pasteur
    91170 Viry-Chatillon
    Tel.: 01 69 05 55 78
    Fax: 01 69 05 35 01
    viry@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (93)
    108 avenue du 8 mai 1945
    93150 Le Blanc-Mesnil
    Tel.: 014867 79 62
    info@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Indoor Gardens (94)
    1 quai Henri Pourchasse
    94200 lvry-sur-Seine
    rn.:0153145379
    ivrysurseine@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    256

    Hydro Scope
    Indoor Gardens (95)

    Jardiniers de Paris

    Jardins suspendus (21)

    17 rue de la Croix
    95650 Genicourt
    Tel.: 01 34 42 31 53
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    avenue Saint-Remi
    91540 Fontenay le Vicomte
    Tel. : 01 64 57 04 19
    Fax: 016457 24 43
    jardiniersparis@wanadoo.fr

    81 avenue du Marechal Lyautey
    21 ooo Dijon
    Tel./ Fax: 03 80 74 22 50

    Indoor Growing
    26 rue du Faubourg Bonnefoy
    31500 Toulouse
    Tel.: 09 54 46 67 20
    1ndoorgrowing@live.fr
    www.indoorgrowing.fr

    Indoor Gardens (Siege)
    45 boulevard de la Muette
    95140 Garges Les Gonesse
    Tel.SAV: 01 39 93 00 46
    sav@indoorgardens.fr
    Support technique: 01 39 86 63 94
    info@indoorgardens.fr
    www.indoorgardens.fr

    Iris en Provence
    route de l'Appie
    Chemin des Maures
    83402 Hyeres cedex
    Tel.: 04 94 65 98 30
    iris@iris-en-provence.com
    www.ins-en-provence.com

    Jardiland
    26 rue de la Maison Rouge
    77437 Lognes
    Marne-la-Vallee cedex
    Tel. : 01 64 80 84 00
    Fax: 01 64 80 84 01
    info@jardiland.fr
    www.jardiland.fr

    Jardin d'Eden
    8 rue Jubin, 691 oo Villeurbanne

    Tel.I Fax : 04 78 68 09 44
    eden.jardin@wanadoo.fr
    www.jardin-eden.org

    Jardin d'lnteneur
    1 rue de Brechimbault
    03000 Moulins
    Tel.: 04 70 47 43 21
    www.jardindinterieur.fr

    Jardin du Maraicher
    La Croix Saint-Andre
    9181 OVert-le-Grand
    Tel.I Fax: 01 64 56 25 38

    Jardin de Poche (Guingamp)
    2 rue de Callac
    22200 Graces I Guingamp
    Tel.: 02 96 40 04 41
    guimgamp@lejardindepoche.com
    www.jardindepoche.org

    Jardin de Poche (Rennes)

    Jardins suspendus (30)
    24 rue de l'Agau
    30000 Nlmes
    Tel.I Fax: 04 66 26 93 75

    Jardins suspendus (34)
    21 rue de Verdun
    34000 Montpellier
    Tel.: 04 67 5B 04 47

    4 rue Barthelemy Paquet
    35000 Rennes
    Tel.: 02 99 33 71 54
    rennes@lejardindepoche.com
    www.jardindepoche.org

    Jardins suspendus (35)

    Jardinage-bio.com

    17 rue Emile Nonnandin
    17 ooo La Rochelle
    Tel./Fax: 05 46 45 47 32
    contact@lesjardinsurbains.com
    www.lesjardinsurbains.com

    B.P. 204
    14209 Herouville-Saint-Clair cedex
    Tel.: 02 31471590
    contact@jardinage-bio.com
    www.jardinage-bio.com

    Jardin de Campagne
    13 rue de Butel
    95810 Grisy les Platres
    Tel. : 01 34 66 62 87

    Jardins de Sologne
    794 rue des Epinettes
    41210 La Ferte Beauhamais
    Tel.: 02 54 83 66 65

    Jardins en Cascades
    3 rue Jean Mermoz
    81160 Saint-Juery
    Tel.: 05 63 45 95 64
    Fax: 05 63 53 98 72
    lesjardinsencascade@wanadoo.fr
    www.lesjardinsencascade.com

    Jardins suspendus (13)
    19 rue des Trois Rois
    13006 Marseille
    Tel.: 04 9612 6311

    Jardins suspendus (18)
    26 rue des Arenes
    18000 Bourges
    Tel. : 02 48 70 02 38
    ljsbourges@yahoo.fr

    257

    2 rue Jules Saffray
    35400 Saint-Malo
    Tel.: 02 2318 21 04

    Jardins Urbains

    Jardishop
    route d'Orgeval CD 45
    78580 Les Alluets le Roi
    Tel.: 01 39 75 55 60
    Fax: 01 39 75 4718
    info@jardishop.com
    www.jardishop.com

    Jawad Exotiques
    Batiment C1 Fleurs 521
    18 allee des Anemones
    94639 Rungls cedex
    Tel.: 014686 78 26
    Fax: 014686 48 66
    contact@jawad.fr
    www.jawad.fr

    Jungle Passion
    15 rue Saint Gervais
    50300 Avranches
    Tel. : 02 33 58 54 86

    Karukera Orchidees
    BP17 I 97139 Gourbeyre, Guadeloupe
    karukera@orchidees.fr
    www.orchidees.fr

    Le Bretonnic Daniel
    101 rue des Rabats
    92160 Antony
    Tel.: 014237 58 79
    Fax: 014237 61 50
    daniel.le-bretonnic@wanacloo.fr

    Hydro Scope
    Meilland Richardier

    : Nouveaux Jardlns (34)

    Oxyboost I Hydropassion

    50 rue du Professeur Duperet
    69150 Tassin la Demi-Lune cedex
    Tel.: 04 78 34 23 13
    vpc@meillandrichardier.com
    www.meillandrichardier.com

    32 bis rue du Faubourg Boutonnet
    34000 Montpellier
    Tel.: 04 99 06 42 34
    1montpellier@lesnouveauxjardins.com
    : www.lesnouveauxjardins.com

    BP 51 - 48002 Mende cedex
    Tel.: 09 71 34 47 70
    infos@oxyboost.fr
    www.oxyboost.fr

    Moisan-Aviculture
    Les Forrieres
    22640 Plestan
    Tel.: 02 96 3411 27
    http://moisanaviculture.com

    Natural Grow

    1

    1

    23 rue Pierre Semard
    84000 Avignon
    •Tel.: 04 90 8514 04
    I avignon@lesnouveauxjardins.com
    www.lesnouveauxjardins.com

    I

    I

    i

    Natur'Wall
    I

    Office National
    lnterprofessionnel
    des Fruits, des Legumes
    et de l'Horticulture
    164 rue de Javel
    75015 Paris
    Tel.: 01 44 25 36 36
    fax: 01 45 54 31 69
    contact@oniflhor.fr
    www.oniflhor.fr

    Oh! legumes oublies
    I Chateau de Belloc, 33670 Sadirac
    Tel.: 05 56 30 61 00
    Fax: 05 56 30 60 30

    Paradis d'interieur
    1 bis bd. Cotte
    95880 Enghien les Bains

    Tel.: 09 51 84 05 90
    contact@paradisdinterieur.fr
    www.paradisdinterieur.com
    I

    . Pepinieres de Bagatelle
    1

    Or Vert (75)
    I

    . 17 rue Bertholet, 75005 Paris
    Tel./Fax: 01 45 35 27 24
    1orvert@hotmail.fr
    www.lorvert-paris.com
    'I

    Or Vert (93)
    81 rue des Sorins
    93100 Montreuil
    Tel.: 014851 3917
    lorvert@hotmail.fr
    I www.lorvert-paris.com

    1

    258

    4551 oVannes I Cosson
    Tel./ Fax: 02 38 58 01 70

    www.pepiniere-bagatelle.fr

    I Pepinieres cavatore
    83230 Bormes-les-Mimosas
    Tel.: 04 94 00 40 23
    www.pepinierescavatore.com
    1

    Pepinieres Delbard
    03600 Malicorne
    Tel.: 04 70 64 33 34
    www. de Ibard.com

    I

    Pepinleres Grangier Freres
    Ouartier Moulin d'eau
    83420 La Croix Valmer
    Tel.: 04 94 56 41 51
    www.sphaigne-du-chili.com

    Pepinieres d'lris
    Lanthelme Christian

    Orchidees Vacherot
    83520 Roquebrune-sur-Argens
    Tel.: 04 94 45 48 59
    info@orchidees-vacherot.com
    www.orchidees-vacherot.com

    Nouveaux Jardins (24)

    Nouveaux Jardins (26)
    90 rue des Alpes
    26000 Valence
    Tel.: 06 79 77 55 27
    valence@lesnouveauxjardins.com
    www.lesnouveauxjardins.com

    I

    contact@ohlegumesoublies.com
    www.ohlegumesoublies.com

    26 rue des Arenes
    18000 Bourges
    Tel.: 02 48 70 02 38
    bourges@lesnouveauxjardins.com
    www.lesnouveauxiardins.com
    4 avenue du General de Gaulle
    24660 Coulounieix-Chamiers
    Tel.: 05 53 35 47 23
    perigueux@lesnouveauxjardins.com
    www.lesnouveauxjardins.com

    16 rue d'ltalie
    13006 Marseille
    Tel.: 04 919259 42
    www.pacifickaos.com

    Nouveaux Jardins (92)

    Natural Mystic

    Nouveaux Jardins (18)

    Pacific Kaos

    1

    91 rue Thiers
    92100 Boulogne-Billancourt
    Tel./Fax: 014604 51 34
    [ boulogne@lesnouveauxjardins.com
    www.lesnouveauxjardins.com

    8 boulevard Gabriel Lippman
    29860 Brest
    nil.: 02 98 841111
    Fax: 02 97 36 28 28
    contact@naturwall.fr
    www.naturwall.fr

    I

    Nouveaux Jardins (84)

    Centre Oronos
    45 avenue de Bayonne
    64600 Anglet
    Tel.: 05 59 4214 90
    Fax: 05 58 72 41 27
    naturalseed@wanadoo.fr

    27 rue Augustin Dumas
    83000 Toulon
    Tel./ Fax: 04 94 24 55 49
    reggaeshop@hotmail.com
    www.natural-mystic.fr

    I

    I

    26160 Saint-Gervais-sur-Roubion
    Tel. : 04 75 53 96 35
    Fax: 04 75 53 96 36

    I

    cl@irislanthelme.com
    www.irislanthelme.com

    I

    Pepinleres Lafitte
    '164240 Mendionde
    Tel.: 05 59 29 62 54
    Fax: 05 59 2910 89
    info@lafitte.net
    www.lafitte.net

    Peplnleres de l'lle de France
    Centre Commercial de l'Osera1,;
    95520 Osny
    I Tel.: 013030 04 57
    I Fax:0134241864

    HydroScope
    Pepinieres Raffanl

    Petit Hydroculteur (69)

    PoccH.oco

    Boutique de la Rose
    406 chemin des Gousseaux
    45270 Quiers-sur-Bezonde
    Tel.: 02 389013 00
    Fax: 02 38 90 25 31
    info@boutique-de-la-rose.com
    www.pepinieres-raffard.com

    157 cours Tolstcii
    69100 Villeurbanne
    Tel./ Fax: 04 78 68 32 39
    renseignements@culturehydroponique.com
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    130 avenue de la Republique
    07500 Guilherand-Granges
    Tel.I Fax: 04 75 40 55 02
    growshop.pocoloco@aliceadsl.fr
    www.growshop-drome-ardeche.com

    Petit Hydroculteur (83)

    P8pinieres le Sciellour
    Le Guemol
    56920 Saint-Gonnery
    Tel.: 02 97 38 49 06
    Fax: 02 97 38 44 38
    www.pepinieres-le-sciellour.fr

    90 rue Robert Schuman
    83130 La Garde
    Tel./ Fax: 04 83 571519
    renseignements@culturehydroponique.com
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    173 route des Pontets
    74320 Sevrier
    Tel.: 04 50 23 63 00
    info@rosagallica.org
    fdemellier@mac.com

    Petite boutique dans la jungle

    Petit Hydroculteur (84)

    59 rue du Mirail
    33000 Bordeaux
    Tel.: 05 56 313290
    danslajungle@aliceadsl.fr
    www.danslajungle.fr

    162 chemin du Panisset
    84100 Le Pontet
    Tel./ Fax: 04 90 32 64 43
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    Petit Hydroculteur (13)

    43 rue Lemercier
    75017 Paris
    Tel.: 015331 04 75
    Fax: 01 53 31 04 76
    contact@phytoconseil.com
    www.phytoconseil.com

    ZI Les Milles
    50 rue Henri Bessemer
    13854 Aix en Provence
    Tel.I Fax: 04 42 24 01 44
    renseignements@culturehydroponique.com
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    Phytoconseil

    Phytosem
    La Plaine de Lachaup, 05000 Gap

    Petit Hydroculteur (13)

    rn.: 04 92 53 94 37

    189 boulevard de la Valbarelle
    13011 Marseille
    Tel./ Fax: 04 91 89 57 98
    renseignements@culturehydroponique.com
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    Fax: 04 92 53 33 93
    info@phytosem.com
    www.phytosem.com

    Petit Hydroculteur (30)
    539 avenue Jean Prouve, Ville Active
    30900 Nlmes
    Tel.I Fax: 04 66 27 10 32
    renseignements@culturehydroponique.com
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    Petit Hydroculteur (34)
    909 avenue des Platanes
    34970 Lattes
    Tel.I Fax: 04 67 73 65 01
    renseignements@culturehydroponique.com
    www.culture-hydroponique.com

    Plantasud Hydroculture
    Pare d'activite Alienor
    avenue Tourville
    33300 Bordeaux
    Tel.: 05 56 4317 95
    Fax: 05 56 50 46 90
    plantasud@orange.fr
    www.plantasud.fr

    Plantes et Janlins
    18 rue du Faubourg du Temple
    75011 Paris
    rn.: 08 9216 40 50
    Fax: 01 47 00 1514
    info@plantes-et-jardms.com
    www.plantes-et-jardins.com

    Plantes et merveilles
    Le Chanelet, rue de la Fontaine,
    39190 Gizia (Lyon)
    Tel.: 03 84 85 33 46
    plantesetmerveilles@orange.fr
    259

    Point de Rosee

    Produits Minute
    46 rue Louis Coullet
    33700 Merignac
    Tel./ Fax: 05 56 97 96 46
    michelminute@aol.com

    Proflor
    14 avenue Latecoere
    31700 Comebarrieu
    Tel./Fax: 05 61 85 92 36
    info@proflor.fr
    www.proflor.fr

    Promshop
    273 chemin de Chiprela Cardamone
    34725 Saint Felix de Lodez
    Tel.: 09 61347730
    promshop@orange.fr
    www.promshop.fr

    Puteaux
    20 rue Jacques Duclos I BP 83
    78344 Les Clayes-sous-Bois cedex
    Tel.: 01 30 07 79 20
    Fax: 01 30 07 79 21
    puteaux.sa@wanadoo.fr
    www.puteaux-sa.fr

    Rainbow-Growshop.com
    info@rainbow-growshop.com
    www.rainbow-growshop.com

    Rainbow-Growshop (64)
    46 bd Champetier de Ribes
    64000 Pau
    Tel.: 05 59 68 91 55
    pau@rainbow-growshop.com
    www.rainbow-growshop.com

    Rainbow-Growshop (65)
    52 rue Georges Lassalle
    65000 Tarbes
    Tel.: 06 82 48 59 22
    tarbes@rainbow-growshop.com
    www.rainbow-growshop.com

    HydroScope
    Robes Vertes

    Serres de Menot

    Terra Acquatica

    Palais de Justice
    4 boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris

    5 rue Jean Jaures
    10403 Nogent-sur-Seine cedex
    Tel.: 03 25 39 8316

    ZI - route de Lectoure
    32500 Fleurance
    Tel.: 05 62 64 27 86
    Fax: 05 62 06 64 04
    info@terra-acquatica.com
    www.terra-acquatica.com

    Rosa Gallica
    Roseraie de la Cour de Commerce
    Conservatoire de varietes
    horticoles rares
    53470 Commer
    rn.: 02 43 04 13 62
    www.rosagallica.org

    Ruee Verte (Coignieres)
    40 rue de la Pommeraie
    7831 oCoignieres
    Tel.: 09 50 03 92 08
    Fax: 09 55 03 92 08
    coignieres@larueeverte.com
    www.larueeverte.com

    Serres Montlu~onnaises
    21 rue des Metallurgistes
    03100 MontlU\:On
    Tel.: 04 70 03 86 86
    www.les-serres-montluconnaises.com

    Societe Botanique de France
    20 avenue de Longchamp
    9221 OSaint-Cloud
    gana@bium.univ-paris5.fr
    www.bium.univ-paris5.fr/sbf/

    Societe Fran~ise
    d'Orchidophilie (SFO)
    17 quai de la Seine, 75019 Paris

    Ruee Verte (Mantes-la-Ville)

    Tel.: 01403736 46

    111 route de Houdan
    78200 Mantes-la-Ville
    Tel.I Fax: 01 34 77 17 26
    mantes@larueeverte.com
    www.larueeverte.com

    Fax: 01 42 09 23 22
    sfo@sfo-asso.com
    www.sfo-asso.com

    Ruee Verte (Viroflay)
    52 rue Rieussec
    78220 Viroflay
    Tel./ Fax: 01 30 24 40 64
    viroflay@larueeverte.com
    www.larueeverte.com

    Saunier Jean-Louis
    Chemin des Meunlers - Verville
    91640 Fontenay les Bris
    Tel.: 016083 89 32
    Fax: 016083 3219

    Scea Hemon
    Chemin des Beurriers
    95240 Cormeilles-en-Parisis
    Tel.: 01 39 78 14 00
    Fax: 01393114 05
    scea.hemon@terre-net.fr

    Serres de Ballain
    route de la Grange aux cercles
    91160 Ballainvilliers
    Tel. : 01 69 34 22 01
    Fax: 01 64 54 97 50

    Serres de Maubuisson
    5 rue Alexandre Prachay
    9531 oSaint-Ouen L'Aumone
    Tel.:0134641430
    Fax:0134488916

    Thompson &Morgan
    BP 10
    77401 Lagny-sur-Marne cedex
    Tel.: 016007 9148
    tmfr@thompson-morgan.com
    www.thompson-morgan.com

    Toukipouss SARL (Angouleme)
    141 route de St Jean d' Angely
    16710 StYrieix sur Charente
    Tel./ Fax: 05 45 39 30 22
    toukipouss@wanadoo.fr
    www.toukipouss.fr

    Truffaut

    85 quai de la Gare
    75013 Paris
    Societe Nationale d'Horticulture Tel.: 01 53 60 84 50
    de France (SNHF)
    Fax: 01 53 60 84 51
    www.truffaut.com
    84 rue de Grenelle
    75007 Paris
    Truffaut
    Tel.: 014439 78 78
    avenue des pares
    Fax: 01 45 44 96 57
    CP
    8015 Lisses, 91008 Evry cedex
    info@snhf.org
    Tel.: 01 69 91 54 54
    www.snhf.org
    Fax: 016991 54 50
    www.truffaut.com
    Spirituel Garden
    1 rue des Mesanges
    Vacherot &Lecoufle
    85440 Talmont-Saint-Hilaire
    29 rue de Valenton
    Tel.: 09 61626312
    La Tuileries I BP 8
    spirituelgarden@orange.fr
    94471 Boissy-Saint-Leger
    www.spirituelgarden.fr
    Tel.: 01 45 69 10 42
    Systemair
    Fax: 01 45 98 30 14
    lecoufle@aol.com
    53 avenue Carnot
    69250 Neuville sur Sa6ne
    VGBox
    Tel.: 04 72 42 94 42
    1145 route de Grenade
    Fax: 04 72 42 94 49
    31530 St Paul sur Save
    info@systemair.fr
    Tel./ Fax: 05 34 52 23 26
    www.systemair.fr
    contact@vgbox.fr
    www.vgbox.fr
    Tela Botanica
    lnstitut de Botanique
    Vilmorin
    163 rue Auguste Broussonnet
    route du Manoir, 49250 La Menitre
    34090 Montpellier
    Tel.:
    02 41 79 41 79
    Tel./ Fax: 04 67 52 41 22
    www.vilmorin.com
    accueil@tela-botanica.org
    www.tela-botanica.org

    260

    HydroScope
    Whale France SAS

    Ventilution

    Agro Trading

    29 bis rue docteur Leonce Basset
    93400 Saint-Ouen
    Tel.: 09 53 75 04 53
    multiflow@whalefr
    www.multiflow.fr

    Flottenstr. 24c
    D - 13407 Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 41 70 62 40
    Fax: +49 30 417062 42
    ptd33@ptd-gmbh.com
    www.ventilution.de

    Gooiland 1
    NL - 1948 RC Beverwijk
    Tel.: +31 251 21 72 50
    Fax:+ 31 251 21 50 72
    info@agrotrading.eu
    www.agrotrading.eu

    Ireland

    Aptus / lbeco BV

    Willemse France
    300 rue des Trois Pierres
    59984 Tourcoing
    Tel.: 08 92 700 205
    www.willemsefrance.fr

    Germany
    GIB Lighting
    Kaiserin Augusta Alie 29
    D - 10553 Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 34 436 42
    Fax : + 49 30 34 436 52
    info@gib-lighting.de
    www.gib-lighting.de

    Grow in (AG)
    Flottenstr. 24c
    D - 13407 Berlin
    Tel. : + 49 30 34 99 80 70
    Fax: +49 30 34 99 80 73
    info@grow-in-europe.de
    www.grow-in-berlin.de

    HomeBox I EastSide-lmpex
    Chambres de culture en interieur
    pretes /'emp/Oi.
    Prenzlauer Promenade 190
    D -13189 Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 956 015 32
    Fax: +49 30 956 015 36
    office@homebox.net
    www.homebox.net
    www.hbmodular.net

    a

    Osram
    Hellabrunner Strasse 1
    D - 81543 Miinchen
    Tel.: +49 89 6213 0
    Fax: + 49 89 62 13 20 20
    webmaster@osram.info
    www.osram.com

    PlantaCult
    Frick GbR
    D - 88480 Achstetten
    Tel.: +49 73 92 9112 95
    Fax: +49 73 92 9112 96
    info@plantacult.com
    www.plantacult.de

    60A South William Street
    Dublin 2
    Tel. : + 00353 1670 6404
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Daelderweg 25B
    NL - 6361 HK Nuth
    Tel.: +31455778 305
    Fax: + 31 455 778 306
    info@aptus-holland.com
    www.aptus-holland.com

    Culture Indoor

    Atami

    CUiture indoor

    4 Slainey Court
    Glasnevin Industrial Estate
    Dublin 11
    www.cultureindoor.com

    CUiture Indoor
    37 Eyre Street
    Newbride Co Kildare
    Tel.: + 00353 4543 7639
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Grow Ireland
    Skerries Road
    Lusk, Co.
    Dublin
    Tel.:+ 353 1 843 7616
    Fax: + 353 1 843 0577
    info@growireland.com
    www.growireland.com

    Netherlands
    Advanced Hydroponics
    of Holland
    Oosteinderweg 303 - B
    NL - 1432 AW Aalsmeer
    Tel.: + 31 297 363 404
    Fax:+31297363401
    info@advancedhydro.com

    Advanced Nutrients Europe
    Pilotenstraat 18
    NL - 1059 CJ Amsterdam
    Tel.: +31206150007
    Fax: + 31 207 780 453
    info@advancednutrients.eu
    www.advancednutrients.eu

    262

    Huisbergenweg 7-9
    NL - 5249 JR Rosmalen
    Tel.: +31735223 256
    Fax: +31735213 259
    info@atami.com
    www.atami.com

    B.A.C.
    (Biologic Activation System)
    Edisonstraat 16 N
    NL - 2809 PB Gouda
    Tel.: +31182 68 75 30
    Fax: +31182 68 66 78
    info@baconline.ni
    www.baconline.ni

    BiolboBV
    Parallelweg 1
    NL - 4209 AA Schelluinen
    Tel.: +31183 648 000
    Fax: +31183 624114
    info@bioibo.ni
    www.bioibo.nl

    BioBizz Worldwide NV
    Koldingweg 7
    NL - 9723 HL Groningen
    Tel.:+31505414650
    Fax: +31 505 425 223
    info@biobizz.com
    www.biobizz.com

    Biogreen
    Postbus 1278
    NL - 3600 BG Maarsen
    Tel.:+ 31 455 332 004
    Fax: + 31 455 332 006
    info@biogreen.ni
    www.biogreen.ni

    HydroScope
    Bio Nova

    Gold Label I Special Mix BV

    :: zenweg 13
    ·• _- 5144 MB Waalwijk
    -el.: +31 416 650 082
    =ax:+31416651147
    bionova.nl
    .bionova.nl

    J.P. Poelstraat 2
    NL - 1483 GC De Rijp
    Tel.: +31 299 675 711
    Fax: + 31 299 671 393
    info@specialmix.nl
    www.specialmix.nl

    BioTabs.eu

    Grodan

    Hollanderstraat 22-1
    NL - 2517HK Den Haag
    Tel.: +31 702128 938
    nfo@biotabs.eu
    www.biotabs.eu

    Po Box 1160
    NL - 6040 KD Roermond
    Tel.:+ 31 475 353 020
    Fax: +31 475 353 716
    info@grodan.nl
    www.grodan.com

    Cell max

    Grow Safe

    Po Box 1196
    NL - 9701 BD Groningen
    rn.:+31503049211
    Fax: +31 503 136 409
    mfo@cellmax.nl
    www.cellmax.nl

    Postbus 831
    NL - 1200AV Hilversum
    Tel.: +31 645157 918
    info@grow-safe.com
    www.grow-safe.com

    Ecollzer

    Hesi

    De Heining 11A
    NL - 1161 AC Zwanenburg
    Tel.: +31 204 975 733
    Fax:+31204971407
    info@ecolizer.com
    www.ecolizer.com

    Edisonstraat 11-17
    NL - 6372 AK Landgraaf
    Tel.:+ 31 455 690 420
    Fax: +31455690 421
    hesi@online.nl
    www.hesi.nl

    Eutech Instruments

    • House &Garden de Zwaan

    Wallerstraat 125K
    NL - 3862 CN Nijkerk
    Tel.: + 31 332 463887
    Fax: + 31 332 460832
    info@eutech.nl
    www.eutech.nl

    Zwengrasstraat 11
    NL- 1313 LCAlmere
    Tel. France : 06 83 74 14 19
    Tel .I Fax France : 02 97 36 28 28
    contact@house-garden.nl
    www.house-garden.nl

    G-Tools

    Hy-Pro

    Nijverheidslaan 1E
    NL - 1382 LE Weesp
    Tel. : + 31 294-458 202
    Fax: +31 294 458 203
    info@g-tools.nl
    www.g-tools.nl

    Fabrieksweg 3-G
    NL- 5531 pp Bladel
    Tel.:+ 31 497 380 480
    Fax: + 31 497 381 840
    info@hy-pro.nl
    www.hy-pro.nl

    Gavita Holland BV

    Igrow-Box

    Oosteinderweg 127
    NL - 1432 AH Aalsmeer
    Tel.: +31297380 450
    Fax: + 31 297 380 451
    info@gavita-holland.com
    www.gavita-holland.com

    De Rijn 7b
    NL - 5684 PJ Best
    Tel.:+ 31 499 496 090
    Fax: + 31 499 496 091
    info@igrow.nl
    www.igrow.nl

    263

    1

    Indoor Garden Trading
    Rietbaan 11
    NL - 2908 LP Capelle ND ljssel
    Tel.: +31102 099 665
    Fax: +31102 097 309

    Metrop
    Po Box 169
    NL - 3400 AD IJsselstein
    Tel.: +31 30 6877 274
    Fax: + 31 30 6877 423
    info@metrop.nl
    www.metrop.nl

    Pi-Technics
    Po Box 576
    NL - 6000 AN Weert
    , info@pi-technics.com
    www.pi-technics.com

    Plagron
    Po Box 10188
    NL - 6000 GD Weert
    Tel. : + 31 495 631 559
    I Fax: + 31 495 626 834
    info@plagron.nl
    www.plagron.nl

    SMSCOM International BV
    Nijverheidsweg 5J
    NL - 4879 AP Etten-Leur
    Tel.: +31 76 50417 55
    Fax: +317650417 56
    info@smscombv.nl
    www.smscombv.nl

    Top Grow
    Schaapmanstraat 51
    NL - 6000 GB Weert
    Tel.:+ 31 495 542 630
    info@topgrow.com
    www.topgrow.com

    Vaalserberg Garden
    Singel 540
    NL - 1017 AZ Amsterdam
    Tel.: +31 20 8941376
    Fax: +31208941333
    www.vaalserberg-garden.com

    New Zealand
    Bluelab Corporation Limited
    43 Burrows Street
    NZ - 3104 Tauranga
    Tel.:+ 6 475 780 849
    Fax: +6 475 780 847
    support@getbluelab.com
    www.getbluelab.com

    HydroScope
    Portugal

    Greenmarkt

    CeeTMCaA

    MocKea, 111024, M.

    MOCKBa,12934?,y11.Eropa
    A6aryMoea (n11arcj:>opMa nocb)
    Ten.:+ 7 4955 097 708
    Skype: svetisad.ru

    CUiture Indoor (Braga)

    «ABlllaMOTOpHa~»

    29A rua Nova de Santa Cruz
    471 O- 409 Braga
    Tel.: +351 938 512 739

    y11. 2-iil Ka6e11bHblPA npoeJg A- 1
    Crpoii14eHTp "nE 2 3Ta>K, nae11111bOH 220
    Ten.: +7 4956 283 392
    Te11.: +7 4956 286149
    Skype: greenmarket

    www.cultureindoor.com

    Russia

    info@greenmarkt.ru
    http://greenmarkt.ru

    CaHKT-nerep6ypr

    Higrow.ru
    CaHKr-nerep6ypr, 190020
    Ha6.06eogHoro KaHa11a 136
    Te11.: +7 9046 412 934

    http://higrow.ru
    CaHKT-nerep6ypr, 191024
    y11. XepcoHCKa~ g.23, Kopn
    Te11.: +7 9817 273 193

    i.

    http://gorshkoff.ru

    Rastok
    CaHKT-nerep6ypr, 195269
    Y4111Te11bCKa~ g.14, Kopn. 2, 2 3T.
    Te11.: +7 906 241 9353,
    982 1487, 945 0868

    Moc Kea
    Te11.: +7 9161178 590
    Skype: mel25011

    http://rastok.net

    Luther burbank
    CaHKT-nerep6ypr, 198207
    Aa4Hb1iil, 9, Kopnyc 1.
    Ten.: +7 8123 760 715
    Te11.: +7 9313 203 055

    burbankgrow@yandex.ru
    http://burbankgrow.blogspot.com

    Vesimetri
    CaHKT-nerep6ypr
    Te11.: +7 9522 292 929

    rpoyM11tp

    MoCKBa, 127560, y11. n11eL1.1eeea
    A 6, Bil. 8
    Te11.: +7 4955 041 237

    order@grow-tent.ru
    http://grow-tent.ru

    Mara311'1H Mama rpoy
    MocKea, 127015, y11.
    g.5A

    CTpOeH111e4.
    Te11.: +7 4955 806 301

    info@greenmarkt.ru
    www.greenmarkt.ru

    Gorshkoff MCK

    rpoy

    www.gorshkoff.ru

    M. «KpacHoce11bCKa~»

    y11.KpacHonpyAHa~.A.24,K.2.

    Te11.: +7 4992 640 738
    Ten.: +7 9035 999 229

    Hydromarkt

    Growlight

    CaHKT-nerep6ypr
    Te11.: +7 8129 246 099

    MOCKBa, 117437, y11.
    npocj:>COIOJHa~ 16/10
    Te11.: +7 9165 485 460

    Gorshkoff McK
    MocKea, M. «KY3He1..1K111iil MOCT>>
    y11. Po>KgecreeHKa A 5/7 crp.1.
    UoKOllbHb1iil
    3Ta>K
    Te11.: +8 9057 023 355

    www.gorshkoff.ru

    growlight@growlight.ru
    http://growlight.ru

    MocKsa

    MocKea, 127018, M.
    Caee11oecKa~. Y11.
    CK11aA04Ha~. 1Ocj:>111cHb1iil 4eHTp
    "AC" IV nogbeJg, ocj:>111c 1
    Te11.: +7 9265 650 928

    Greenmrkt
    MocKea, M. «BllaAblKlllHO»
    C111rHa11bHbliil
    npOeJA, A.16, K.1, TBU "PeMAeKop"
    nae11111bOH 206
    Te11.: +7 4956 418 675

    MocKea, 107140

    info@growmama.ru
    www.growmama.ru

    grow-moscow@mail.ru
    http://grow-moscow.ru

    Gorshkoff McK

    sales@growmir.ru
    www.growmir.ru

    MocKea, M. «Amycj:>beeo»
    87KMMKAA
    TK "l-lac n111K" 3iil 3Ta>K
    Te11.: +8 9654 207 555

    http://vesimetri.ru

    order@vesimetri.ru
    http://hydromarkt.ru

    MOC Kea
    Te11.: +7 9031986996

    MocKea, y11. EiepeJoea~ a1111e~ A·5
    Te11.: +7 9645 007 350
    Te11.: +7 4957 625 257

    rpoy TeHTbl 11'1 rpoy 6oKCbl

    HoeogM111rpoecKa~.

    Plantgrower
    contact@plantgrower.ru
    http://plantgrower.ru

    Bubagrow

    info@bubagrow.com
    www.bubagrow.com

    Gorshkoff Cn6

    info@svetisad.ru
    http://svetisad.ru

    High growing
    MocKea, 125499
    Te11.: +7 9163 094 020
    Skype: highgrowing.ru

    highgrowing@gmail.com
    http://highgrowing.ru

    http://gorshkoff.ru

    264

    r11tAponoHll'ICT
    MocKea, 14KM MKAA
    TUCagoeog
    naelllllbOH CagOBblPA 4eHTp
    23Ta>K
    Te11.: +8 9269 460 944

    gidroponist@gmail.com
    http://gidroponist.ru

    HydroScope
    ::KarepV1H6ypr
    Ypann11,qponoH111Ka

    3eneHblM AOM

    I nepMb, 614000, yn. Mana~

    I

    ,QoMawH1111 r111,qponoH111Ka

    .s!MCKa~,9

    :: '.:a>Kosa
    )a, 0¢111c 203.
    -en.: +7 3433 504 669
    <::.cype: ekb.gidra
    ::zaggi.eburg@gmail.com
    '"ip://dzaggi.ru

    Ten.: +7 3422 433 736
    greenhome@inbox.ru
    http://greenhome.perm.ru

    npoMrlll,qponOHlllKa
    :KaTep111H6ypr, 620027
    yn.MaM111HaC1116111p~Ka 10 , o¢111c 11 , 3-3Ta>K
    Ten.: +7 3432 077 005
    Skype: PromGidroponica
    promgidroponica@yandex.ru
    http://promgidroponica.ru

    I

    I

    · T1-0MeHb
    rpoyC111T111
    TIOMeHb, 62500
    BonoAapcKoro 50
    BXOA CO .QBOpa
    Te11.: +7 9612 125 596

    Dzagigrow
    nepMb
    Te11.: +7 9638 848 881
    Skype: alexxgrow
    https://dzagigrow.ru

    neH3a

    VIP CMOH ''r1116111CKYC"

    Ka3aHb

    Cb1KTb1eKap, 167000
    A.62
    Ten.: +18212391 505
    Ten.: +1 9128 665 037
    info@komihydro.ru
    http://komihydro.ru
    yn.nepeoMaliicKa~

    rl/IAponOHlllCT
    nepMb, 614000, CoeeTCKa~ 62
    Ten.: +7 3422 043 120
    gidroponist@gmail.com
    http://gidroponist.ru

    CblKTblBKap

    4Gardens

    nepMb, 614030, Kap6b1weea 6
    Ten.: +7 3422 848 447
    Skype: alexxkaa
    http://flower-perm.ru

    CaMapa

    neH3a
    Ten.: +7 9023 482 241
    KoHCTaHTlllH
    zakaz@4gardens.ru
    http://4gardens.ru

    CB6-arpo

    Pb16V1HCK

    Ka3aHb
    Ten.: +8 9625 594 980
    Skype: shakobos
    info@gidroponik.com
    http://gidroponik.com

    CaMapa, 443042, y11.
    EienopyccKa~ 107a
    (Cyxa~ CaMapKa, ocr. «WKona»)
    Te11.: +7 9277 522 188
    Skype: SVB-Agro
    mfo@svb-agro.ru
    http://svb-agro.ru

    Pbl 6lllHCK
    Skype: ponies.biz
    info@ponics.biz
    http://ponics.biz

    HV1>KHV1il1 HosropOA

    GrowsvetCaMapa

    AepopaArpo
    Ka3aHb, 420111, yn. r. TyKa~. 91
    Ten.: +7 8432 783182
    Skype: avroragro
    info@avroragro.ru
    http://avroragro.ru

    rp111H Mar111Ka

    Bee ,qn11 pocra
    H111>KH1111i1HosropoA,603159,
    MocKOBCKoe wocce 85, 0¢.202
    Ten.: +7 9200 470 483
    Skype: aleksey_grachev
    gidroponika.market@gmail.com
    http://gidroponika-market.ru
    H111>t Ten.: +7 920 0234 105
    help@growhobby.ru
    http://growhobby.ru

    nepMb
    Growtrade.ru
    6869, nepMb, 614068
    Ten.: +7 3422 594 700
    sales@growtrade.ru
    http://growtrade.ru

    6epe3H V1 KV1
    I

    Eepor111,qponoH111Ka

    CaMapa, yn. Kopocre11eeb1><, AOM 3
    Ten.: +8 8462 707 035
    Skype: Andrey_darsun
    darsun@mail.ru
    http://growsvet.ru

    Eiepe3H111K111, 618400, CoeeTCK111li1
    npocneKT 3, Tpernlii 3Ta>K
    Ten.: +19026 488 844

    Caparns

    Cypryrrpoy

    ,QoM ca,qoeo,qa

    CypryT, 628414
    Ten.: +7 3462 999 771
    surgutgrow@yandex.ru

    CapaTOB, 410000, Llanaeea 129
    Ten.: +7 8452 275 122
    http://hydro-dom.ru

    rpoyX066111

    Ponies

    Cypryr

    Ynbf!HOBCK
    Floraagro

    CMoneHcK

    Ynb~HOBCK,432046

    Gidrabox
    CMoneHCK, 214019
    Xne603aeoAcK111li1
    nep., 13
    Ten.: +7 4812 405135
    Ten.: +7 9043 656 571
    http://gidrabox.ru
    , http://freegrower.com
    I

    265

    Ten.: +1 9648 594 753
    http://floraagro.ru

    HydraScope
    MypMaHcK

    Tenm1t'-'a51
    MypMaHcK
    Ten.: +7 911 312 2233
    Skype: teplica51
    http://teplica51.ru

    tllowKap-Ona

    Xgrow
    illowKap-Ona, 424000
    Ten.: +7 9371130 722
    Skype: xgrow2010
    xgrow201 O@yandex.ru
    http://xgrow.ru

    3narnyn
    ,D,oMaWHIUI rMApOnOHMl 3naTOyCT, 456228, npocneKT
    rarap"1Ha yn. TaraHaC1CKa$1194a
    Ocp"1C
    Eva tech
    Ten.: +7 9090 840 450
    http://zlatgrowingshop.ru
    Tonb~Tn1

    Rgp Russian Green Project
    Tonb$1TT"1,445039,CsepAnosa,5
    Ten.: +7 9179 663 067
    gidrodiscount@yandex.ru
    http:/I gidro-discount. ru

    Growsvet TonbllTTM
    Tonb$1TT"1, yn.,03ep>1<1-1HcKoro, 16A
    TW "Kapycenb", ceKL.1"1$1111
    Ten.: +8 4824 330 07
    darsun@mail.ru
    http://growsvet.ru

    Tsepb

    TvErgidro
    Tsepb
    Ten.: +7 9607 083 357
    http://tvergidro ru

    TOMCK
    C1116111pc1aJeHAa
    TOMCK, yn. KOTOBCKOro 19
    Ten.: +7 3822 329 ooo
    Ten.: +7 3822 258 258
    info@sibfazenda.ru
    www.sibfazenda.ru

    HOBOKY3H€4K
    ,D,oMaWHMiil CaA
    HoBOKY3Hel.IK, yn. Tyn1-1K 3 KM
    crpoeH1-1e14
    Ten.: +8 9235 330 111
    Skype: dom-sad
    WWW.AOMaWH"1i1-CaA.p¢

    Hosorn6111pCK

    Sibgidroponika
    Hosoc1-161-1pcK
    Ten.: +8 9137 373 699
    sibgidroponika@mail.ru
    http://sibgidroponika.ru

    r111ApoCaA
    Hosoc1-161-1pcK, yn. pyH3e A· 8
    Ten.: +8 3833 807 965
    gidrosad@yandex.ru
    http://gidro-sad.ru

    Hortiline
    calle Castello 117, p430
    ES - 28006 Madrid
    Tel.: +34 660 46 95 63
    info@hortiline.com
    www.hortiline.com

    Jardin Botanique
    plaza de Murillo, 2
    ES - 28014 Madrid
    Tel.:+ 34 914 203 017
    inforjb@ma-rjb.csic.es
    www.rjb.csic.es

    Luxilurna
    Pol Industrial Albalat de la Ribera
    CL Jaume I n° 20
    ES - 46687 Albalat de la Ribera
    Tel./Fax: +34 96 249 0448
    info@luxiluma.com
    www.luxiluma.com

    Mundi Rosal

    KpaCHo~pcK

    Sibgigrost
    KpacHo$1pcK, 660131, yn.
    5iCTblHCKa$1 2>1<
    Ten.: +7 9639 593 434
    www.sibgidrost.ru

    carretera N-111
    Km 337 - Apdo 20
    ES - 46370 Chiva
    Tel.: +34 961 804147
    Fax : + 34 961 804 353

    Ozotres

    Slovakia
    CuHure Indoor (Bratislava)
    Hodoninska 1
    84103 Bratislava
    Tel.: + 00421 917 070 291
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Slovenia
    CuHure Indoor (Ljubljana)

    Tel.: +34 689 777102
    infO@ozotres.com
    www.ozotres.com

    Salvia de Canarias
    ctra. a Urb. Lomo Salas 10
    ES - 35200 Telde - Gran Canaria
    Tel.: + 34 928 681 392

    Sernillas Silvestre

    Cesta v Smartno 41a 1000
    Ljubljana
    Tel.:+38640341589
    www.cultureindoor.com

    Finca La Loma
    ctra. Sta. Maria de Trassierra, Km 3.5
    ES - 14012 Cordoba
    Tel.: + 34 957 400 525
    Fax: + 34 975 400 525

    Spain

    U-Gro

    Agrolite
    info@agrolite.com
    www.agrolite.com
    C~Boost

    Po Box 75
    ES - 46680 Algemesi (Valence)
    Tel.: + 34 962 42 13 70
    Fax: + 34 962 42 63 71
    info@co2boosteuro.com
    www.co2boosteuro.com

    266

    camino de les Rafoles, apt. 174
    ES - 08830 Sant Boi de Uobregat
    Tel.: + 34 93 640 04 06
    Fax: + 34 93 640 17 02
    info@u-gro.info
    www.u-gro.info

    HydraScape
    Switzerland
    Bioplants
    route de Preverenges 1
    CH - 1027 Lonay
    Tel.:+41218016229
    Fax: +41 218024 633
    contact@bioplants.ch
    www.bioplants.ch

    Biosem
    Case postale 4
    CH - 2019 Chambrelien
    web@biosem.ch
    http://fr.biosem.ch

    CarbonActive Future FiHers
    Eye-Catching GmbH
    Konizstrasse 260
    CH - 3097 Liebefeld
    Tel.: +41 319 721 713
    contact@carbonactive.ch
    www.carbonactive.ch

    Dumaine du Paradis
    route du Mandement 275
    CH - 1242 Satigny
    Tel./Fax: +41 22 75 31 855
    info@domaine-du-paradis.ch
    www.domaine-du-paradisch

    Etablissements Horisberger
    Versvey
    CH - 1852 Roche
    Tel.:+41244665111
    Fax: +412446 65115
    horisbergeryvorne@bluewin.ch
    www.horisberger.net

    Ethnic Culture
    84 rue de Geneve
    CH - 1225 Chene-Bourg
    Tel.: +412234814 90
    info@ethnic.ch
    www.ethnic.ch

    Ethnic World
    18 bd. du Pont d'Arve
    CH - 1205 Geneve
    Tel./ Fax: +41 22 782 2213
    info@ethnic.ch
    www.ethnic.ch

    Ethnic World
    avenue de Morges 44
    CH - 1004 Lausanne
    Tel.:+ 41 22 341 69 00
    info@ethnic.ch
    www.ethnic.ch

    Ethnic World SA (Direction)

    Jungle-Boost

    Via Monnet 6
    CH -1214 Vernier
    Tel.: +41 22 341 69 00
    info@ethnic.ch
    www.ethnic.ch

    Fbg. du Jura 17
    CH - 2502 Biel I Bienne
    Tel.: + 41 32 322 91 54
    Fax: +4132322 91 55
    info@jungleboost.ch
    www.jungleboost.ch

    Aowertower I Palm Paradise
    Junggrustr. 21
    CH - 8907 Weetswill A.A.
    verkauf@flowertower.ch
    www.flowertower.ch

    Grow Box
    Altelsweg 9
    CH - 3661 Uetendorf
    Tel.: +413343 80 750
    Fax: +413343 80 754
    info@growbox.ch
    www.growbox.ch

    Grow System
    St. Gallerstrasse 71
    CH - 9500 Wil SG
    Tel.: +41 719232 707
    Fax:+ 41 71 92 32 735
    info@growsystem.ch
    www.growsystem.ch

    Hydrogrow.ch
    Tel.: +417744 61 310
    www.hydrogrow.ch

    La Feuille d'Or SARL
    15 rue de la Corsaz
    CH - 1820 Montreux
    Tel.: +41 2196335 25
    Tel.: +41 2196335 50
    info@lafeuilledor.ch
    www.lateuilledor.ch

    Luwasa Hydroculture
    rue de Lausanne 65
    CH - 1950 Sion
    Tel.: +417940 92 441
    Fax: +412732 33 552
    interhydro@luwasa.ch
    www.luwasa.ch

    Riluma
    Esslingerstrasse 32
    CH - 8617 Monchaltorf
    Tel.: +4119973 260
    Fax: +4119973 264
    riluma@access.ch
    www.riluma.com

    United Kingdom

    lnterhydro
    Vordermiirchligenweg 3
    CH - 3112 Allmendingen b. Bern
    Tel.: +41 319585 454
    Fax:+41319585455
    info@interhydro.ch
    www.interhydro.ch

    Jardin des Senteurs
    Chable 1
    CH - 2000 Neuchatel
    Tel.: +413275 32 810
    Fax: + 41 32 72 13 635
    info@jardin-des-senteurs.ch
    www.jardin-des-senteurs.ch

    Jardins Suspendus
    rue du Simplon 7
    CH -1006 Lausanne
    Tel.: +41 21 601 8310
    Tel.:+ 41 76 440 92 36
    romano.f@vtx.ch

    267

    Aquaculture
    Tel.: +44114 262 60 77
    Fax: + 44 114 262 60 79
    sales@aquacult.com
    www.aquaculture-hydroponics.co.uk

    Easy Grow
    16 Orwell Street
    UK - DN HB, North East Lincolnshire
    Tel.: +441472 346 900
    Fax: +44 1472 242 288
    simon@easy-grow.co.uk
    www.easy-grow.co.uk

    Ecotechnics
    Unit 2 K, Old Dalby Business Park
    Station Road
    Old Dalby
    Leicestershire
    UK- LE143NE
    Tel.: +441664 822 281
    info@ecotechnics.co.uk
    www.ecotechnics.co.uk

    Hydra Scape
    Envirolite

    ' Nutriculture

    Shore Road
    UK - PH2 8BH, Perth
    Tel.: + 44 1738 630 731
    Fax:+ 44 1738 637150

    3-5 Paddock road
    WestPimbo
    ' Skelmersdale
    UK - WN8 9PL Lancashire
    I Tel. : + 44 1695 554 080
    • Fax: +441695 554 081
    I sales@nutriculture.com
    I www.nutriculture.com
    1

    Erith Horticulture Ltd.
    PO Box 55
    Belvedere, London
    UK- DA 9AG
    Tel.: +44 208 311 6111
    Fax:+ 44 208 311 2300
    info@ikonlondon.com

    Global Hydro
    11 OA King Edwards Drive
    UK - HG1 4HW Harrogate
    North Yorkshire
    Tel./Fax: +441423 50 666 9
    sales@global-hydro.net
    www.global-hydro.net

    Growth Technology
    Unit 66, Taunton Trading Estate
    Norton Fitzwarren, Taunton
    UK - SomersetTA2 6RX
    Tel.: +441823 325 291
    Fax : + 44 1823 325 487
    info@growthtechnology.com
    www.growthtechnology.com

    Henry Doubleday
    Research Association
    Ryton Organic Gardens
    Coventry
    UK - CV8 3LG Warwickshire
    Tel.: +44 2476 303 517
    Fax: + 44 2476 639 229
    enquiry@hdra.org.uk
    www.hdra.org.uk
    Binley Industrial Estate
    Unit2
    Progress Way
    UK - CV3 2NT Coventry
    Tel.: +44 2476 6080 72
    Fax: +44 2476 6510 60
    info@hydrogarden.co.uk
    www.hydrogarden.co.uk

    General Hydroponics

    I

    Humboldt Nutrients

    I 6 Fifth Street
    Plant Magic Plus Ltd
    CA - 95501 Eureka,
    Unit 12, Liberty Industrial Park South
    Tel. : + 1 888 420 7770
    www.humboldtnutrients.com
    Liberty Lane
    UK - Bristol BS3 2SU
    I Ughtrail
    I Tel.: +441179 782 499
    2535 Copper Ridge Dr.
    info@plant-magic.co.uk
    Po Box 77 4288
    www.plantmagicplus.co.uk
    I CO - 80477 Steamboat Springs
    Tel.: + 1 303 861 1266
    Secret Seeds
    . Tel.: + 44 20 3239 6490
    Cove
    I sales@lightrail3.com
    I Tiverton
    www.lightrail3.com
    UK - EX16 7RU Devon
    Tel./ Fax: +441398 331 946
    Pyraponic Industries
    infO@secretseeds.com
    13435 St. Main Street
    www.secretseeds.com
    I CA - 90061 Los Angeles
    i Synergy Ltd
    Tel. : + 1 800 651 2837
    I Suite 125 Vlglen House
    I Fax: + 1 310 352 4370
    , sales@phototron.com
    Alperton Lane
    I
    I UK - London HA01 HD
    www.phototron.com
    Tel.: +44 2086 017130
    : Smart Pot I High Caliper
    I www.synergyukltd.com
    I

    I

    I

    I

    I

    Hydrogarden

    I

    ] Po Box 1576
    CA - 95473 Sebastopol
    , Tel.:+ 1 101 824 9376
    Fax: + 1 707 824 9377
    j info@genhydro.com
    . www.generalhydroponics.com

    Thompson & Morgan
    Poplar Lane
    Ipswich
    UK - IP8 3BU Suffolk
    Tel.: +441473695 200
    Fax:+ 441473680199
    ccare@thompson-morgan.com
    www.thompson-morgan.com

    Growing - Root Control, Inc.

    7000 North Robinson
    Oklahoma City
    CA - 73116 Oakland
    I Tel.: + 1 405 842 7700
    info@smartpots.com
    I www.smartpots.com
    I
    I

    '1

    Supercloset

    7 Del Vale
    CA - 94127 San Francisco
    Tel.:+ 1 877 402 4639
    I American Horticultural Society
    I Fax:+14154622993
    7931 East Boulevard Drive
    , info@superdoset.com
    i VA - 22308 Alexandria
    i www.supercloset.com
    Tel.: + 1 703 768 8700
    I
    webmaster@ahs.org
    I Sylvania
    I www.ahs.org
    I 100 Endicott Street
    MA - 01923 Danvers
    American Society
    Tel.:+ 1 978 7771900
    for Horticultural Science
    Fax:+ 1978750 2152
    113 South West Street, Suite 200
    communications@sytvania.com
    VA- 22314-2851 Alexandria
    www.sytvania.com
    I Tel.: + 1 703 836 4606
    Fax: + 1 703 836 2024
    I
    webmaster@ashs.org
    [ www.ashs.org
    I

    United States

    1

    268

    I

    Hydra Scape

    KMEHAAPb
    Argentina
    Salon Agriflor: juin
    www.agriflor.com
    TED, Buenos Aires
    HPP WorldWide
    info@hpp.nl

    Belarus
    Salon Rowers, Seeds, Garden:
    avril
    www.greenexpo.by
    MinskExpo
    14 Masherov Avenue, 220035 Minsk
    Tel.: +37517 226 91 93
    Fax: +37517 226 91 92
    minskexpo@brm.minsk.by
    MinskExpo
    GreenExpo, Box 242 Minsk
    220015 Belarus
    Tel.: +37517 210 21 34
    Fax: +37517 2 515429
    info@greenexpo.by

    Belgium
    Exposition des arrangements
    floraux: octobre
    (tous les deux ans)
    www.br.fgov.be
    Jardin Botanique National
    de Belgique - Domaine de Bouchout
    Nieuwelaan 38
    B - 1860 Meise
    Tel.:+ 32 02 260 09 70
    info@br.fgov.be
    Belgian Rower Arrangement Society
    Tel.: +32 09 222 77 07

    Salons de la Decoration
    d'interieur, du Jardin
    et de I'Art floral, Rorex Decoforce - Europacado:
    revrier (salon semestriel)

    Alcantara Machado, Rua sao Paulo
    252 Alphaville
    Tel.: + 55 11 3826 9111
    Fax: + 55 11 3667 3626
    info@alcantara.com.br

    www.europacado.be
    www.florex.be
    www.decoforce.be
    Brussells Exhibition Centre
    Tel.: +32 02 474 82 63
    Brussels Fairs and Exhibitions
    FLorex-Europacado-Decoforce
    Place de Belgique, B - 1020 Bruxelles
    Tel.: +32 2 474 85 36
    Fax:+ 32 2 474 83 99
    decofleur@bfe.be

    Bulgaria

    Salon Green Expo: septembre
    www.greenexpo.fr
    Kortrijk Xpo
    Doomiksesteenweg 216
    B - 8500 Kortrijk
    Tel.: + 32 56 24 11 11
    Fax: +32 56 21 79 30
    Mo Productions
    Hoornstraat 16B, B - 8780 Beemem
    Tel.: +32 50 25 01 70
    Fax: +32 50 25 01 71
    Fedagrim
    Tel.: +32 22 62 06 00

    Brazil
    Salon Agriflor: septernbre
    www.agriflor.com
    Caera Convention Center
    Fortaleza, Caera
    HPP Worldwide
    info@hpp.nl

    Salon Fiaflora: octobre
    www.fiaflora.com.br
    Centro de Exposi111ies lmigrantes
    Rod. dos lmigrantes, km.1,5
    04329-900 Sao Paulo/SP
    Tel.: + 55 11 5073 7799
    Fax: + 55 11 5058 9400
    270

    Salon Rora Spring: mars
    www.bulgarreklama.com
    Bulgarreklama International Exhibition
    Centre
    147 Tsarigradsko Shaussee
    1784 Sofia
    Tel.: + 359 2 9655286
    Fax:+ 359 2 9655231
    iec@bulgarreklama.com
    Bulgarreklama Agency

    France
    Fete des plantes vivaces: avril
    www.domsaintjeanbeauregard.com
    Domaine Saint-Jean-de-Beauregard
    91940 Saint-Jean-de-Beauregard
    Tel.: 016012 00 01
    Fax: 016012 56 31
    info@domsaintjeanbeauregard.com

    Salon Hortiflor: mars
    www.hortiflor-expo.com
    Pare des Expositions
    Paris Nord - Villepinte I BP 68004
    95970 Roissy cedex
    Tel.: 014863 30 30
    Fax: 01 48 63 33 70
    info-salons@etai.fr
    Id expo
    48-50 rue Benoit Malon
    94250 Gentilly
    Tel.: 01 419840 00
    Fax: 01 41 98 40 01
    info@idexpo.com

    Salon Nature et Jardlns:
    septembre
    Pare de Bois Preau
    avenue de l'lmperatrice Josephine

    HydraScape
    ~.::500 Rueil-Malmaison
    -.:. .: 01 47 32 36 62
    V;mie de Rueil-Malmaison
    - 3 boulevard Marechal Foch
    :-.::soo Rueil-Malmaison

    Semaine du jardinage
    pour les ecoles
    (operation d'animation
    al'echelle nationale):
    tous les ans au printemps
    www.gnis.fr
    Groupement National
    lnterprofessionnel des Semences
    et Plants
    44 rue du Louvre, 75001 Paris
    Tel.: 01 42 33 51 12
    Fax: 01 40 284016
    gniscontact@gnis.fr
    www.gnis.fr
    Office National lnterprofessionnel
    des Fruits, des Legumes
    et de !'Horticulture
    164 rue de Javel
    75739 Paris cedex 15
    Tel.: 01 44 25 36 36
    Fax: 01 45 54 31 69
    www.oniflhor.fr
    Federation Nationale des Metiers
    de la Jardinerie
    22 rue Esquirol, 75013 Paris
    Tel.: 01 44 24 96 97
    Fax: 01 44 24 01 24
    fnmj@wanadoo.fr

    Versailles COte jardin:
    septembre
    Cour du Potager du Roi
    1 rue Marechal Joffre
    78000 Versailles
    Tel. : 01 39 50 35 34
    Fax:Ol 30216930
    Medevco
    14 rue Richaud, 78000 Versailles
    Tel.: 01 39 51 46 62
    Fax: 01 39 50 97 04
    contact@medevco.fr

    Effeuillage, Festival de l'ecrit
    de Jardin: mars
    www.mairie-cahors.fr
    Cloitre de la cathlidrale
    30 rue Chantrerie
    46000 Cahors
    Tel.: 05 65 35 27 80
    Service espaces verts Les Giganties

    Germany

    46090 Pradines

    Tei.: 05 65 22 0915
    Fax: 05 65 35 65 98

    Salon AoraSax: septembre
    www.gartenbau-sachsen.de
    Exhibition Centre Leipzig
    D - 04007 Leipzig
    Tel.: + 49 341 678 8180
    Fax: +49 3416788182
    Leipziger Messe
    Messe-Allee 1
    Postfach 10 07 20
    D - 04007 Leipzig
    Tel.:+493416780
    Fax:+ 49 341 678 87 62
    info@leipziger-messe.de
    www.leipziger-messe.de

    Salon Rorissimo:
    (tous les cinq ans)
    www.florissimo.fr
    Dijon Congrexpo
    Pare des Expositions et Congres de
    Dijon - Centre Clemenceau
    3 boulevard de Champagne
    BP 67827, 21078 Dijon cedex
    Tel.: 03 80 77 39 00
    Fax: 03 80 77 39 39

    Salon Habitat et Jardin: avril
    www.habitat-jardin.com
    Pare des Expositions
    1725 avenue Grand Arietaz
    73000 Chambery
    Tel.: 04 79 62 22 80
    Fax: 04 79 693011
    Savoiexpo

    Salon Roriga: fevrier
    Exhibition Centre Leipzig

    Tel.: +49 3416788180
    Leipziger Messe
    Tel.:+493416780

    Salon Floristica: juillet

    Salon Jardin Passion: avril

    www.messe-dresden.de
    Messe Dresden
    Dresdner Ausstellungsgesellschaft
    mbH, Messering 6
    D - 01067 Dresden
    Tel.:+ 49 351 4458 0

    www.parcexpo-larochelle.net
    Pare des Expositions
    avenue Jean-Paul Sartre
    17043 La Rochelle cedex 1
    Tel.: 05 46 30 08 50
    Fax: 05 46 30 08 54
    contact@parcexpo-larochelle net
    Pare des Expositions
    17043 La Rochelle cedex 1
    Tel. : 05 46 30 08 50
    Fax : 05 46 30 08 54

    Salon Gala: septembre

    Salon Sival: janvier
    www.sival-angers.com
    Angers Pare Expo
    Pare des Expositions
    49480 Saint-Sylvain d'Anjou
    Tel. : 02 41 93 40 40
    Fax: 02 419340 50

    Salon du Vegetal: fevrier
    www.salon-du-vegetal.com
    route de Paris
    49044 Angers cedex 01
    Tel.: 02 419340 40
    Fax: 02 419340 50
    Bureau Horticole Regional (BHR)
    avenue Amira! Chauvin
    49130 Les-Ponts-de-Ce
    Tel.: 02 41791417
    Fax: 02 414529 05
    salon@bhr-vegetal.com

    1

    www.gafa-koeln.de
    Kiiln Messe Gmbh Messeplatz 1
    www.koelnmesse.de
    Gata - Kiilnmesse
    Delegation fran~ise
    12 rue Chernovlz, 75016 Paris
    Tel.: 01 45 25 82 11
    Fax: 014525 63 96
    koelnmesse@wanadoo.fr

    Salon Garten Miinchen: mars
    www.garten-muenchen.de
    New Munich Trade Fair Centre
    Messegelande, D - 81823 Miinchen
    Tel.: +49 89 9 492 30 23
    Fax: +49 89 9 492 30 29
    info@icm-muenchen.de
    Messe Munchen
    Messegelande, D - 81823 Miinchen
    Tel.:+ 49 89 51 07 219
    infO@messe-muenchen.de

    Salon de l'Horticulture
    (plantes et techniques)
    et de la Aeuristerie (IPM):
    Janvier
    www.ipm-essen.de

    271

    HydroScape

    Salon Flormart - Miflor: fevrier
    www.flormart.it
    Padova Fiere
    Via Tommaseo 59
    35131 Padova
    Tel.: +39 049840111
    Fax: + 39 049 840 570
    florrnart@padovafiere.it
    Padova Fiere
    Fiera Milano International Spa
    Piazzale Giulio Cesare
    20145 Milano
    Tel. : + 39 02 49971
    Fax: + 39 02 49977963

    Salon lflo: septembre
    www.iflo-messe.de
    Messe Essen
    info@messe-essen.de

    Hungary
    Salon HorbJs Hungaricus:
    septembre
    www.hortushungaricus.info.hu
    Flora Hungaria Market
    Szigetszentmiklos, Budapest
    Flora Hungaria - Ex Horto, Po Box 14
    HU - 231 OSzigetszentmiklos
    Tel.: + 36 24 445 445
    Fax: + 36 24 443 323
    exhorto@invitel.hu

    Ireland
    Salon Spring House &Garden
    Show: mars
    Royal Dublin Society Main Hall
    Complex, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4
    Tel.:+ 353 1 668 0866
    Fax:+ 3531 660 4014
    Expo Exhibitions Ltd
    Expo House
    8/9 Sandyford Office Park
    Sandyford, Dublin 18
    Tel.: +353 1 295 8181
    Fax: +353 1 295 8187

    Israel
    Salon Hortec-Agriflor: mars

    Salon lfex Japan: octobre

    Italy

    Messe Essen GmbH
    Messehaus Ost Norbertstrasse
    Postfach 1O01 65, D - 45001 Essen
    Tel.: + 49 201 72 44 245
    Fax: + 49 201 72 44 248
    info@messe-essen.de

    Salon Macfrut: octobre

    1

    www.macfrut.com
    Cesena Trade Fair distric
    Via Dismano, 3845
    47020 Pievesestina di Cesena (FC)
    Agri Cesena Spa
    Tel.: +39 547 317435
    Fax: +39 547 318431

    www.ifex.jp/
    Tokyo International Exhibition Center
    (Tokyo Big Sight)
    3-21-1 Ariake, Koto-ku
    Tokyo 135-0063
    Tel.: +81355301111
    Fax: +81 355301222
    Reed Exhibitions Japan Ltd
    18F Shinjuku-Nomura
    1-26-2 Nishishinjuku
    , Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-0570
    Shinagawa-Ku, Tokyo 141
    I
    Tel.:+ 81 3 3349 8501
    Fax: + 81 3 3349 4900
    I Reed Exhibitions Companies
    ' 2nd Floor, Oriel House
    26 The Quadrant, Richmond
    UK - TW9 1DL Surrey
    Royaume-Uni
    Tel.: +441819107910
    Fax: + 44 181 940 2171
    ifex@reedexpo.co.jp

    Kenya

    Salon Ortogiardino: mars
    www.fierapordenone.it
    Padova Fiere
    Tel.: +39 049840111
    infofiere@fierapordenone.it
    Pordenone Fiere
    Viale Treviso 1
    33170 Pordenone
    Tel.:+ 39 0434 23 2111
    Fax: +39 0434 57 0415

    Salon TecnoHortus: decembre
    www.tecnohortus.it
    Padova Fiere
    Tel.:+39 049840111
    estero@padovafiere.it

    Salon Hortec-Agriflor: mars
    www.agriflor.com
    Kenyatta International Conference
    Center, Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel.: + 254 2 332 383
    Fax : + 254 2 252 779
    HPP Worldwide
    I Po Box 625, NL - 1000 Amsterdam
    Pays-Bas
    Tel.: + 31 20 662 2482
    I Fax: + 31 20 675 2326
    , info@hpp.nl
    ECO
    (Event &Conference Organisers Ltd.)
    97 James Gichuru Road
    Po Box 47768, Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel.: + 254 2 494 824
    Fax: + 254 2 48 062
    info@eventsafrica.com

    www.agriflor.com
    Israel Trade Fairs & Convention center Japan
    Rokach Blvd. Po Box 21075
    Salon East Asia
    The Exhibition Gardens
    Horticultural Fair: juin
    61210 Tel-Aviv
    Latvia
    www.jma.or.jp
    Tel.: + 972 3 6404402
    · Nippon Convention center
    Salon Darzs un flora:
    Fax: + 972 3 6404494
    Makuhari Messe
    i avril
    HPP Worldwide
    JMA (Japa~ Manager:ient Association) www.bt1.Iv
    Po Box 625, NL - 1000 Amsterdam
    Pays-Bas
    3-1-22 Shibakoen, Mmato-ku
    Riga International Exhibition Centre
    Tel.:+ 31 20 662 2482
    T~kyo 105
    8 Kipsalas St, Riga
    Fax: + 31 20 675 2326
    Tel.: + 81 3 3434 0093
    International Exhibition Company BT ·
    Israel Export Institute
    Fax: + 81 3 3434 8076
    s·merla iela 3, 338 Riga, LV
    I convention@jma.or.jp
    i 1006 Latvija
    29 Hamered St., 68125 Tel-Aviv
    Tel.: + 972 3 514 2868
    Fax: +972 3 514 2881
    1

    272

    HydroScape

    Tel. : +371 7542585
    Fax : + 371 7540316
    info@bt1 .Iv

    Lebanon
    Salon The Garden Show: mai
    www.hospitalitynewsmag.com
    Hippodrome de Beyrouth
    Li ban
    garden@hospitalityservices.com.lb
    Hospitality Services
    Po Box 90155
    Jdeidet-el-Metn, 1202 2020
    Tel. : + 961 1 502 983
    Fax: + 961 1 482 876
    info@hospitalityservices.com.lb

    Luxembourg
    Salon Jardireve: mars
    Pare des Expositions
    de LuxExpo
    10 circuit de Foire Internationale
    L - 1347 Luxembourg-Kirchberg

    Mexico
    Salon Agrihortec: avril
    www.agriflor.com
    Cemeexpo, Toluca
    HPP WorfdWide
    info@hpp.nl

    Netherlands
    Salon Agriflor: novembre
    www.agriflor.com
    RAI International Exhibition and
    Congress centre
    NL - 1070 MS Amsterdam
    Tel.: + 31 20 5491212
    Fax: + 31 20 549 1889
    mail@rai.nl
    HPP Worldwide
    Saxen Weimarlaan 54-hs
    NL - 1075 CE Amsterdam
    Tel.: + 3120 662 2482
    Fax : + 31 20 675 2326

    CNB - Midwinterflora: janvier
    www.cnb.nl/midwinterflora/
    Marche floral CNB-Hallen
    NL - 2160 Lisse
    info@miclwinterfloranl

    m

    CNB Grachtweg 75A
    Postbus 31
    NL - 2160 Lisse
    Tel.: + 31 252 431 316
    Fax: + 31 252 431 320
    info@cnb.nl

    RoraHoUand Trade Fair: mars
    www.floraholland.nl
    Middel Broekweg 29
    Postbus 220
    NL - 2670 AE Naaldwijk
    Tel. : +31174 63 3333
    Fax: + 31174 63 2222
    info@floraholland.nl
    FloraHolland

    salon International Horti Fair:
    novernbre
    www.hortifair.nl/opmaak/buitenframe_
    uk.htm
    RAI International Exhibition and
    Congress Centre
    info@hortifair.nl
    Amsterdam RAI
    Po Box 77777
    NL - 1070 MS Amsterdam
    Tel. : + 31 20 549 1212
    Fax: + 31 20 549 1889

    HydraScope
    incheba@incheba.sk
    Kulla, Trnavska cesta 100
    83104 Bratislava
    Tel.: +42124341 3329
    Fax: + 421 2 4341 3855
    kulla@nextra.sk

    Portes ouvertes chez
    les producteurs neerlandais
    de boutures: juin
    Moerheim New Plant
    Weteringweg 3a
    NL - 2155 Leimuiderbrug, Pays-Bas
    Tel.: + 31 172 50 67 00
    Fax: +31172 50 66 75
    moerheim@moerheim.com
    www.moerheim.com

    www.rai.co.za
    The Coca Cola Dome Northgate
    Po Box 540, North Riding
    2162 Gauteng
    Tel.: + 27 11 794 5800
    Fax: +27117945808
    Thebe Exhibitions, Ground Floor
    24 Peter Place, Lyme Park, Sandton
    Afrique du Sud
    Tel.: + 27 11 549 8300
    Fax: + 27 11 549 8500
    info@thebeexhibitions.co.za
    Amsterdam RAI, Po Box 77777
    NL -1070 MS Amsterdam, Pays-Bas
    Tel.:+31205491212
    Fax:+ 31 20 549 1889

    Salon Expo Flowers: novembre

    1
    ·

    Salon Sibflower: aoiit
    www.sibfair.ru
    World Trade Center Novosibirsk
    '2.'2.0-"\ O\\msn~ Prns\)ect
    630049 Novosibirsk
    Tel.: + 7 383 226 9802
    Fax: + 7 383 225 9845
    welcome@sibfai[nsk.su
    Siberian Fair
    Novosibirsk, Krasny prospekt 220-1 O
    Tel.:+ 7 3832106 290
    Fax: + 7 3832 259 845

    www.kulla.biz
    Bratislava Exhibition Ground
    lncheba, JSC, Viedenska cesta c. 7
    852 51 Bratislava 5
    Tel.: + 421 2 6727 1111
    Fax: + 421 2 6727 2055

    Salon Kiev Agrihort: fevner
    www.pe.corn.ua/
    Kiev International Exhibition Center
    15, Brovarsky Ave., UA - 02660 Kiev
    Tel.I Fax: +380 44 2011156
    inki@\)e.cQm.ua

    United Kingdom

    Salon Goyang Korea World
    Flower Show (WFEK): avril-mai

    Salon Chelsea Flower Show:
    mai

    www.cha-hort.com
    Goyang Flower Exhibition Center
    World Flower Exhibition Goyang
    906 Janghang-dong, llsan-gu
    KR Goyang City - Gyeonggi-Do
    Tel.: +82 3190877 58
    Fax: +82 3190877 60
    sjkim430@naver.com

    Salon Saudi Gardentech:
    septembre

    Salon Flora: avril - mai

    Ukraine

    South Korea

    Saudi Arabia

    Slovakia

    Salon Rowers Show: mars
    www.flowershow.com.tr
    Izmir Culture-Park exhibition
    flair Efiref Boulevard, No:50
    Kulturpark
    35230 Montrii I Yzmyr
    Tel. : + 90 232 445 39 94
    Fax: + 90 232 484 90 55
    Forza Fair Organization Inc.
    Mesrutiyet Cad. No : 29-14
    06420 Kizilay-Ankara, Turquie
    Tel.: +90 312 41919 32
    Fax: +90 312 41919 37
    info@cyffuar.com.tr

    Salon Gardenex and Growtech:
    mars

    www.indagra.ro
    Rom expo
    65/67 Marasti Blvd., 71331 Bucarest
    Tel.: +40 2122431 60
    Fax: + 40 21 224 04 00
    romexpo@romexpo.org
    www.romexpo.org

    www.recexpo.com
    Riyadh Exhibition Centre
    Po Box 56010, Riyadh 11554
    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh
    Tel.: +9661 4541448
    Fax: + 966 1 454 4846
    esales@recexpo.com
    (Riyadh Exhibitions Co. Ltd)

    Turkey

    South Africa

    Romania

    Russia

    . Tel.: +4158200 20 20
    Fax: +4158206 21 71
    info@giardina.ch

    www.rhs.org.uk/events/
    Royal Hospital Chelsea
    UK - SW3 4SR Londres
    Tel.:+ 44 20 7881 5200
    info@chelsea-pensioners.org.uk
    Royal Horticultural Society
    80 Vincent Square
    UK - SW1 P 2PE Londres
    Tel. : + 44 20 7834 4333
    info@rhs.org.uk

    Spain
    Salon lberflora: octobre
    1

    http://iberflora.feriavalencia.com
    Feria Valencia
    Avenida de las ferias
    E - 46035 Valencia
    Tel.: +34 963 861100
    Fax: +34 963 636111

    : Salon Glee: septembre

    I

    Switzerland
    Salon Giardina: mars
    www.giardina.ch
    Zurich-Oerlikon
    MCH Foire de Bale SA, Giardina Zurich
    CH - 4005 Bale

    274

    I

    www.gleebirmingham.com
    National Exhibition Centre
    WMidlands
    UK - 840 1NT Birmingham
    Tel.: +441217804141
    Fax:+ 44121 780 2517
    Emap Business Europe & Trade
    Promotion Services Ltd
    19th Floor Leon House
    233 High Street
    UK - CRO 9XT Croydon

    HydraScope
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    Fax: + 44 20 8277 5887
    glee@emap.com

    Salon Hampton Court Palace
    Flower Show: juillet
    Hampton Court Palace
    UK - KT8 9AU Surrey
    Tel.: + 44 870 752 7777
    Royal Horticultural Society
    Tel. : + 44 20 7834 4333

    Salon RHS Flower Show
    Tatton Part<.: juillet
    www.rhs.org.uk/events/
    Tatton Park, Knutsford
    UK-WA16 6QN Cheshire
    tatton@cheshire.gov.uk
    Royal Horticultural Society
    Tel.: + 44 20 7834 4333

    United States
    Congres mondial

    et exposition d'orchidees:
    fevrier - mars
    (tous les trois ans)
    www.southfloridaorchidsociety.org
    Convention Center
    Miami Beach, Florida
    orchidexhibition@19woc.com
    The Fort Lauderdale Orchid Society

    Po Box 4677
    FL - 33338 Ft. Lauderdale
    The South Florida Orchid Society
    1550NE12th St.
    FL - 33033 Homestead
    Tel.:+ 1 786 385 2616
    orchidmom@juno.com

    Salon Northwest Flower
    and Garden Show: fevrier
    www.gardenshow.com
    Washington State Convention & Trade
    Center, 800 Convention Place
    US - WA 98101-2350 Seattle
    Tel.: + 1 206 694 5000
    Fax : + 1 206 694 5399
    nwHowershowsf@gardenshow.com
    Western Exhibitors, LLC
    2181 Greenwich Street
    US - CA 94123-3493 San Francisco
    Tel.:+ 1 800 3461212
    Fax:+14153464965

    Salon San Francisco Flower
    and Garden Show: mars
    www.gardenshow.com
    Cow Palace
    Geneva avenue and Santos Street
    Po Box 34206
    US - CA 94134-0206 San Francisco
    Tel.:+14154044111
    Fax:+14154696111

    275

    Western Exhibitors, LLC
    rn.:+18003461212

    Salon Tropical Plant Industry
    Exhibition (TPIE) : janvier
    www.tpie.org
    Broward County Convention Center
    Fort Lauderdale, Roride
    TPIE
    US - 1533 Park Center Drive
    Linda Adams, FL - 32835 Orlando
    Tel.: + 1 407 295 79 94
    Fax: + 1 407 295 16 19
    info@fnga.org

    World Floral Expo: mars
    www.agriflor.com
    Sheraton Mart and Convention Center
    711 Northwest 72nd. Avenue
    US - 33126 Miami
    Tel.:+ 1 305 261 3800
    Fax: + 1 305 261 7665
    HPP Worldwide
    Po Box 625, NL - 1000 Amsterdam
    Pays-Bas
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    Fax: + 31 20 675 2326
    info@hpp.nl

    HydroScope

    nY6n 111 KA~111111
    Australia
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    AU - NSW 2101
    Tel.: +61 9905 9933
    Fax: +61 9905 9030
    info@hydroponics.com.au
    http://hydroponics.com.au

    France
    1oo ideas jardin
    35 000 plantes

    Acta Botanica Gallica
    Faculte de Pharmacie

    i Departement de Botanique
    • 3 rue du Professeur Laguesse
    BP 83
    59006 Lille Cedex

    Fax: 04 76 34 84 02
    infos@terrevivante.org
    www.terrevivante.org

    Fleursdubien.fr
    www.fleursdubien.fr

    Fleurs et saisons
    Gazette des Jardins,
    les jardiniers parlent
    aux jardiniers
    www.gazettedesjardins.com

    Belgium

    Ami des jardins et de la maison

    Valeriane

    Annuaire des materiels,
    foumitures et services
    Editions Lien Horticole

    legrowinde@live.fr
    www.grow-mag.com

    Annuaire des vegetaux
    horticoles et des pepinieres
    Editions Lien Horticole

    www.growmaps.com

    Canada
    Bibliotheque de l'Universite
    de Montreal
    www.irbv.umontreal.ca

    Canadian Gardening
    letters@canadiangardening.com
    www.canadiangardening.com

    Fleurs, plantes et jardins

    Le Jardinier d'interieur
    case postale 52046
    Laval (Quebec) H7P 581
    Tel.: +1 450 628 5325
    Fax:+ 1 450 628 7758
    www.tigmag.com

    Les Beaux jardins
    www.lesbeauxjardins.com

    Maximum Yield
    info@maximumyield.com
    www.maximumyield.com

    The Indoor Gardener
    case postale 52046
    CA - Laval (Quebec) H7P 581
    Tel.: +1 450 628 5325
    Fax: + 1 450 628 7758
    www.tigmag.com

    Annuaire vert
    Editions Ocep
    Aujardin
    Bibliotheque du Museum
    d'Histoire Naturelle
    38 rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
    75005 Paris
    Tel.: 01 40 79 36 27
    bcmweb@mnhn.fr
    www.mnhn.fr

    Gahiers de potager
    Commentcapousse.com
    www.commentcapousse.com

    Couleurs jardin
    Detente jardin
    Editions Terre Vivante
    Domaine de Raud
    38710 Mens
    Tel.: 04 76 34 80 80

    276

    Grow Mag

    Growmaps.com
    Hommes et Plantes, revue
    trimestrielle du Conservatolre
    Fran1tais des Collections
    Vegetales Specialisees (CFCVS)
    Hortilien l'annuaire
    Editions Lien Horticole
    Jardin magazine
    Jardins passion decoration
    Jardin pratique
    Journal de Botanique
    Centre d'Etudes et de Conservation
    des Ressources Vegetales (CECRV)
    Citadelle 2
    1 allee Feuillerat
    64100 Bayonne
    cecrv.bayonne@wanadoo.fr

    Librairie ancienne
    Art des Jardins
    34 galerie de Montpensier
    Jardin du Palais-Royal
    75001 Paris
    Tel./Fax: 014260 40 76

    HydroScope
    Ubrairie Bedi Thomas
    28 rue des Fosses-Saint-Bernard
    75005 Paris
    Tel.: 014700 62 63
    Fax: 014700 04 69
    www.bedilib.com

    Ubrairie Cart-Tanneur

    Tel.: 017732 54 36
    Tel.: 017732 57 89
    info@mamaeditions.net
    www.mamaeditions.net

    Mon jardin &ma maison
    PHM, revue horticole

    10 rue des Sceurs
    89580 Mige
    Tel.: 03 86 41 78 45
    Fax: 03 86 417099
    carttanneurd@wanadoo.fr

    Plaisir du potager

    Librairie La Maison Rustique

    Quatre Saisons du Jardinage

    26 rue Jacob
    75006 Paris
    Tel.: 01 42 34 96 60
    Fax: 014234 96 62
    contact@lamaisonrustique-librairie.com
    www.librairie-maisonrustique.com

    librairie Verte
    36 avenue Louis Pasteur
    cs 40 001
    34473 Perols cedex
    Tel.: 04 67 50 42 67
    Fax: 04 67 50 65 89
    contact@librairieverte.com
    www.librairieverte.com

    Librairie La Vie ala Campagne

    Plaisirs du jardinage
    Pour nos jardins

    Rustica
    service-lecteurs@rustica.fr
    www.rustica.fr

    84 rue de Grenelle
    75007 Paris
    Tel.: 01 44 39 78 78
    Fax: 01 45 44 96 57
    info@snhf.asso.fr
    www.snhf.asso.fr

    Touslesgrowshops.com
    contact@touslesgrowshops.com
    www.touslesgrowshops.com

    Lien Horticole

    Univers magazine

    Mama Editions
    Edition de /ivres sur le jardinage en
    inteneur. /es ptantes ritue/les
    et la spiruline.
    7 rue Petion
    75011 Paris

    United Kingdom
    Gardens IHustrated
    European Botanical
    and Horticultural Libraries
    Library & Archives
    Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Richmond
    UK - TW9 3AE Surrey
    Tel.: +44 20 8332 5412
    Fax: + 44 20 8332 5430
    info@kew.org
    www.kew.org

    United States

    Touslesgrowshops.fr

    Maison et jardin passion

    Jardin Roman

    Societe Nationale d'Horticulture
    de France (SNHF}
    Botany.com

    La Lande-Saint-Leger
    27210 Beuzeville
    Tel. : 02 32 57 89 57
    www.hortilien.com

    Switzerland

    info@touslesgrowshops.fr
    www.touslesgrowshops.fr

    www.botany.com

    Council on Botanical and
    Horticultural Libraries
    Hunt Institute for Botanical
    Documentation
    Carnegie Mellon University
    US - PA 15213-3890 Pittsburgh
    Tel.:+ 1412268 7301
    Fax:+ 1412268 5677
    carseneault@ville.montreal.qc.ca
    www.cbhl.net

    Plants.usda
    plants@plants.usda.gov
    www.plants.usda.gov

    Netherlands

    Van Patten Publishing

    Garden Culture Publishers

    www.gardeningindoors.com

    http://gardenculture.net

    Russia
    HydroponEast
    www.hydroponeastcom

    277

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