• Название:

    Борьба с проблемой ребятам!

  • Размер: 2.08 Мб
  • Формат: PDF
  • или
  • Название: Draft of 09 September 2010
  • Автор: WinXP

1

FOREWORD ...................................................................................................................................... 3
SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................................ 4
‘SERVING THE PEOPLE OF CENTRAL ASIA’ .......................................................................................... 4
BACKGROUND AND APPROACH ........................................................................................................................ 4
EC IFAS: MISSION, VISION, STRATEGY.............................................................................................................. 5
1

INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 6
MAP OF ARAL SEA BASIN ................................................................................................................................ 6
MAPS OF ARAL SEA ....................................................................................................................................... 6
MAP OF WATER USE...................................................................................................................................... 6

2

IFAS AND ASBP: REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROGRAMS ....................................................... 6
2.1
HISTORY OF IFAS .............................................................................................................................. 6
2.2
HISTORY OF ASBP ............................................................................................................................. 7
ASBP 1 ................................................................................................................................................... 7
ASBP 2 ................................................................................................................................................... 7
2.3
LESSONS LEARNT FROM ASBPS............................................................................................................ 8

3

ARAL SEA BASIN PROGRAM-3 .................................................................................................... 8
3.1
DEVELOPMENT OF ASBP 3 ................................................................................................................. 8
3.2
CONTENT OF PROPOSED PROJECTS ....................................................................................................... 9
3.2.1 DIRECTION 1 Integrated Water Resources Management ........................................................ 9
3.2.2 DIRECTION 2 Environmental Protection ................................................................................. 10
3.2.3 DIRECTION 3 Socio-economic Development........................................................................... 10
3.2.4 DIRECTION 4 Improving the institutional and legal instruments ........................................... 10

4

IFAS AND EC IFAS ......................................................................................................................11
4.1
4.2

IFAS.............................................................................................................................................. 11
EC IFAS: MISSION, VISION, STRATEGY................................................................................................ 11

2

Foreword
The Aral Sea Basin Programme (ASBP) is the main long-term action program in the region in the field
of sustainable development, and especially in the management of water resources and
environmental protection. The Program includes national and regional projects aimed at sustainable
development with the main focus on using existing water resources more effectively and efficiently
in the Aral Sea basin.
The Aral Sea Basin Program-3 (ASBP-3) is a joint effort of the donor community, the governments of
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and the civil society. It is a vision for
the future, a blue print for development, peace and prosperity in the region.
The Executive Committee of IFAS (EC IFAS) has the primary responsibility of designing and setting up
ASBP and monitoring its implementation.
“Serving the People of Central Asia” is the motto of EC-IFAS.
It has been a privilege for me to work together with so many experts in the process of developing
this ambitious program. I would especially like to thank Volker Frobarth, Benjamin Mohr, Alexander
Nikolaenko and Vitaly Tkach (GTZ), Iulia Trombitcaia, Marton Krasznai and Bo Libert (UNECE),
Hanspeter Mag (SDC), Simon Croxton (World Bank), Nina Kavetskaya, Sergei Elkin and Michael
Trainer (USAID), Delphine Marie (EU), Vats Vilnitis, Andriy Demidenko, Michael Kalinin (Consultants
EU), Anatoly Krutov (Consultant) and Alfred DIebald (EC IFAS). Their support was instrumental for
finishing the program in time with such high quality.
I also thank the country representatives Marat Narbaev, Murat Bekniyazov, Manas Omorov,
Khayrullo Ibodzoda, Mavlon Kazakov, Kurbangeldy Ballyev, Normuhammad Sheraliyev and EC IFAS
staff, particularly Demessin Nurmaganbetov and Zhyldyz Zhurumbetova for their valuable inputs.
I am looking forward to the implementation of ASBP-3. It is in the interest of all people of Central
Asia to meet the challenges of dealing with a scarce water resource and I would like to express my
hope that this program will benefit all the people of the region.

Saghit Ibatullin
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea

3

SUMMARY
‘Serving the people of Central Asia’
Background and Approach
Since the early 1990s the issue of water in the Aral Sea Basin has been seen in the context of
regional security and stability. Water is valuable and it is scarce. There are enough water resources
in the Region but they are not used effectively and, as a result, the use of transboundary water
resources in Central Asia (CA) is a source of potential conflict.
The Heads of the Central Asia states recognise this and set up the International Fund for Saving the
Aral Sea (IFAS). The member states of IFAS are: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
and Uzbekistan.
The objectives of IFAS and its organizations are to work towards integration and cooperation in
order to use existing water resources more effectively and efficiently, to ensure sustainable
development and to adapt to climate change in the region. However, it is widely recognized that the
present structure of IFAS needs to be improved and the legal base to be adapted to fit the needs of
today.
Guided by the decision of the Heads of States of April 28, 2009, the Executive Committee of IFAS (EC
IFAS) drafted ASBP-3. The project preparation process involved extensive consultations among
national and international experts to develop program priorities and project proposals. EC IFAS was
in continual dialogue with the donor community (in particular with the World Bank, European Union,
USAIDS, GTZ, and SDC) in order to get their comments and ideas.
Thus, ASBP is a joint effort and an on-going process, which involves all national governments of the
Region, civil society and the international donor community.
ASBP-3 works in four directions:
Integrated Water Resources Management
Environmental protection
Socio-economic development
Improving institutional and legal instruments
The ASBP-3 program period is 2011 to 2015 and reflects the priorities of the member states. It aims
to familiarize all parties concerned with the challenges facing the Aral Sea Basin, including decision
makers, representatives of international financial institutions, international development agencies,
specialists, and the public at large. The ASBP-3 program includes future regional projects to be
mainly financed by international donors; on-going national projects supported by national
governments; and on-going regional and national projects funded by international donors.
The ultimate objective of ASBP-3 is to improve the living conditions of the people in the region.
In other words: It is to improve the socio-economic and environmental situation by applying the
principles of integrated water resources management to develop a mutually acceptable
mechanism for a multi-purpose use of water resources and to protect the environment in Central
Asia taking into account the interests of all the states in the region.
EC-IFAS is the umbrella organization which will develop these programs and projects, coordinate and
inform the donor community on priority interventions with regard to the four directions of ASBP-3,
and, when appropriate, implement projects.
4

In addition, EC-IFAS will monitor the implementation of ASBP-3.
EC IFAS: Mission, Vision, Strategy
The mission of EC IFAS is to coordinate cooperation at national and international levels in order to
use existing water resources more effectively, and to improve the environmental and socioeconomic
situation in the Aral Sea Basin. EC IFAS serves as a platform for a dialogue among the countries of
Central Asia, as well as the international community.
The overall mission of EC IFAS is to serve the people of the Aral Sea Basin. Its vision is “Improved
living conditions for the people of Central Asia”.
The overall strategy of EC IFAS is to work more effectively to fulfill this mission. However, in order to
successfully implement the ASBP-3 projects, the capacities of IFAS bodies and EC IFAS need to be
strengthened.

5

1

Introduction

Located in the heart of Central Asia, the Aral Sea Basin consists of the drainage area of the two
major rivers, Amu Darya and Syr Darya. The rivers descend from the slopes of the Tien Shan
Mountains and the Pamirs. They run through Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan,
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
The Amu Darya is in the south of the basin and has a mean annual flow of about 70-80 km3/year.
The river is 2,540 km long, with a basin area of more than 300,000 km2. Most of the Amu Darya flow
(74%) is formed on the territory of Tajikistan, 13.9% in Afghanistan and 8.5% in Uzbekistan.
The Syr Darya runs in the north of the basin. Its annual flow is half of the Amu Darya. It is the longest
river in Central Asia and ranks second with regard to water flow. It is 2,790 km long, with a basin
area of almost 300,000 km2. Most of the Syr Darya flow (75.2%) is formed within Kyrgyzstan,
Uzbekistan contributing 15.2%, Kazakhstan 6.9%, and Tajikistan 2.7%. Both rivers flow into the Aral
Sea.
The delta of the Amu Darya River is located in the northwestern part of Uzbekistan, while the delta
of the Syr Darya River is in the mid-western part of Kazakhstan.
Map of Aral Sea Basin
Until 1960, the Aral Sea area was about 67,000 square km in size. This made the Aral Sea the world's
fourth largest inland water body. Now, the Aral Sea is not a single water body any more. Its
northern part is separated by a dam and is sustained by the Syr Darya River. The remaining part is a
residual water body with saline water. It comprises a shallow central part and a deeper narrow part
stretching along the meridian of the Ustyurt Plateau escarpment.
Maps of Aral Sea
For Central Asia, water is the key for development. Land has been irrigated for many centuries, with
the local people enjoying a centuries-old tradition of cultivating agricultural crops in the harsh dry
climate. The Soviet Union doubled the area under irrigation, from around 4 million hectares to 8
million hectares, with irrigated land becoming a major water consumer. Diversion of water for
irrigation purposes accounts for more than 90% of the total intake from all water sources.
Map of Water Use
According to SIC ICWC, in 1960 the total water diversion in the Aral Sea Basin was 60.6 cubic km,
while by 1994 it had grown to 116.3 cubic km. From 1960 to 2008, the basin population more than
doubled to an estimated figure of almost 60 million today. Increased population and increased
irrigated land, as well as deteriorating water infrastructures, have led to what is known worldwide as
‘the Aral Sea catastrophe’. This includes health problems, high rates of child mortality, desiccation of
the Aral Sea, biodiversity degradation, salt-dust transport from the dry bed of the Sea, and a loss of
pastures, fisheries and wetlands.
Under the current conditions the Aral Sea cannot be restored to its former level. However, there is
no doubt that greater efficiency in the use and management of water could significantly improve the
situation and the trend towards a complete dry-out of the Aral Sea could be reversed.
2

IFAS and ASBP: Regional Institutions and Programs

2.1

History of IFAS
6

After the collapse of the Soviet Union the Central Asia states established a new framework for
sharing and distributing water. On 12 September 1992, the Ministers of Water Resources of the
newly independent states issued a Statement in which they declared that joint management of
water resources would be carried out in accordance with the principles of equality and mutual
benefit.
An Interstate Coordination Water Commission (ICWC) was established following the Interstate
Agreement of 18 February 1992. The task of ICWC was to agree on water allocation and water
reservoir operations in the basins of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers. Under this Agreement, the
decisions of ICWC must be unanimous. Responsibility for the implementation of the decisions lies
with Basin Water Organizations in Tashkent and Urgensch.
The support of donors in 1992-1994 made it possible to establish the interstate organizations:
International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS) with its headquarters in Almaty, and the Interstate
Commission for the Aral Sea (ICAS) with the Executive Committee under the chairmanship of the
Turkmenistan Minister of Water Management, with headquarters in Tashkent. The role of IFAS was,
primarily, to generate funds, while EC ICAS was in charge of the Aral Sea Basin Program (ASBP). A
third body, the Interstate Commission for Sustainable Development (ICSD) was established in 1993.
Based in Ashgabat, its major objective was to protect the environment in the region.
In February 1997, a meeting of the heads of the Central States made a fundamental decision to
restructure and merge IFAS and ICAS. Decisions were also made concerning the chairmanship of the
new Executive Committee, including rotations, location of the Executive Committee and the supply
of fees to the Fund. Since IFAS was established in 1997, the Executive Committee has been located in
Almaty (1993-1997), Tashkent (1997-1999), Ashgabat (1999-2002), and Dushanbe (2003-2009). Since
2009, it has been based in Almaty.
2.2

History of ASBP

ASBP 1
The first ASBP was initiated in 1993 and in January 1994, the Program was approved by the Heads of
Central Asian States.
In June 1994, Paris hosted a meeting of donors to discuss the draft, which was called a “Program of
Actions”. At this meeting, donors made commitments of more than USD$400 million to finance this
Program.
The main goals of the Program included:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

stabilizing the environment in the Aral Sea basin
restoring the disaster zone around the Sea
improving management of transboundary waters in the basin
developing the capacity of the regional organizations to plan and implement the Program

The Program was to provide assistance to the Basin countries to develop cooperation and establish
sustainable regional relations to overcome the crisis. The Program was also to develop proposals to
improve the living conditions of the people in Central Asia.
ASBP 2
ASBP-2 was developed in accordance with the Decision of the Heads of States in Dushanbe on
October 6, 2002. This Program set up projects covering a wide range of environmental,
socioeconomic, water management, and institutional problems for the period 2003-2010.
7

According to information provided to EC IFAS, from 2002 to 2007, the total contribution from the
IFAS country members to the implementation of activities was over 1 billion US Dollars. The Program
implementation was also financed by donors, including UNDP, World Bank, Asian Development
Bank, USAID, as well as the governments of Switzerland, Japan, Finland, Norway and others.
2.3

Lessons Learnt from ASBPs

The main lesson learnt was that the international donor community has to be involved in every stage
of the preparation of the ASBPs.
Until now the main focus of ASBPs has been on technical issues, with little attention being paid to
social, political and institutional issues. There has also been a lack of cooperation among all Central
Asian country ministries involved, and local authorities and civil society have not always been part of
the decision making process or project implementation. In addition, there were no successful public
awareness programs, which should have accompanied the Programs.
Nevertheless, the Programs have made a substantial contribution to establishing relations between
the countries of Central Asia and the international donor community. They have also strengthened
the capacity of the countries to devise strategies and set priorities for the development of the
economy, the social sector and the management of natural resources.
3

Aral Sea Basin Program-3

Since the early 1990’s, the issue of water in the Aral Sea Basin has been seen in the context of
regional security and stability. It is recognized that water is valuable and is scarce. There are enough
water resources in the Region but they are not used effectively. As a result the use of transboundary
water resources in Central Asia is a major source of potential conflict.
On April 28, 2009, the Heads of the Central Asia states made a joint statement, highlighting the
important role of IFAS in coordinating and addressing the fundamental aspects of cooperation
between the countries in Central Asia and between the donor community, including international
financial institutions.
The Heads of States also expressed their commitment to change the organizational structure and
contractual and legal framework of IFAS to help improve its performance and to increase its ability
to cooperate with financial institutions and donors to implement the Aral Sea related projects and
programs. They also confirmed their intention to help expand the operation of the Fund and to
develop cooperation between international organizations. In addition, they confirmed a state
commitment to the principles of the integrated management of water resources (IMWR).
The statement confirmed that the countries in Central Asia were interested in the development of
mutually acceptable mechanisms for the multi-purpose use of water resources and protection of the
environment in Central Asia taking into account the interests of all the states of the Region.
It was also decided that EC IFAS in Almaty has to develop the next Aral Sea Basin Program.
3.1

Development of ASBP 3

The ultimate objective of ASBP-3 is to improve the living conditions of the people in the region.
In other words: It is to improve the socio-economic and environmental situation by applying the
principles of the integrated water resources management to develop a mutually acceptable
8

mechanism for a multi-purpose use of water resources and to protect the environment in Central
Asia taking into account the interests of all the states in the region.
The project preparation process involved extensive consultations among national and international
experts to develop program priorities and project proposals. It was agreed for ASBP-3 to work in four
directions:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Integrated Water Resources Management
Environmental protection
Socio-economic development
Improving the institutional and legal instruments

In addition, EC IFAS was in a continual dialogue with the donor community, in particular with the
World Bank, European Union, USAIDS, GTZ, and SDC in order to get their comments and ideas on
how to make ASBP-3 a joint effort of the member countries, the donors and the civil society.
This resulted in an agreed list of criteria for project proposals to be included into the Program:
National projects to be implemented within one state and primarily financed from the national
budget
Regional projects to be implemented in the territory of two or more states
Meeting the ASBP goals and objectives
Meeting one of the directions of ASBP
Linking with the corresponding national and regional policy goals and programs
After that, EC IFAS asked member countries to prepare project proposals in accordance with the
above criteria. In response, EC IFAS received a total of 335 project proposals including 149 proposals
for Direction 1, 100 for Direction 2, 71 for Direction 3, and 15 for Direction 4.
The proposals were clustered and 44 of the most relevant and appropriate projects were identified.
These projects are ready for financing and ASBP-3 is looking to raise the required resources for these
proposed projects.
3.2

Content of Proposed Projects

3.2.1

DIRECTION 1

Integrated Water Resources Management

The first direction – Integrated Water Resources Management – includes projects aimed at
addressing the problems associated with transboundary water resources management, establishing
monitoring systems, modeling and establishing databases, developing basin plans, and ensuring the
safety of water facilities.
Expected outputs are:
An improved and strengthened system for the management of transboundary water resources
Assistance provided to the countries to address challenges regarding climate change adaptation
Improved quality of hydrometeorological services
Monitoring systems improved, including collection, transfer, processing, storage and distribution
of hydrological and meteorological information
Databases and computer models for the management of transboundary water resources
established
Efficiency of water use increased, burdens to the national budget decreased;
Indicators for irrigated lands monitoring harmonized;
9

Assistance to reduce risks of natural hazards, including strengthening of regional cooperation
and emergency preparedness.

The major results expected are the prevention of conflicts and mitigation of ecological
problems, increased efficiency of water use and crop production, decreased of water losses,
modernized early warning systems.
3.2.2

DIRECTION 2

Environmental Protection

The second group of proposals addresses the problems associated with the environmental
protection and improvement of the environment, including biodiversity conservation, and natural
disasters risks reduction.
Expected outputs are:
Mountain environments improved
The environment and productivity of pastures improved
The environment in the deltas of the Syr Darya and Amu Darya improved
A regional information system on the environment established
3.2.3

DIRECTION 3

Socio-economic Development

The third group of project proposals addresses socioeconomic issues, including a focus on improving
living conditions, ensuring sustainable development, increasing employment, and improving water
and power supply systems, education and public health.
Expected outputs are:
For the rural population: establishment and/or development of private small enterprises,
creation of new jobs, and increased labor efficiency
An improvement in the quality of medical services
An improvement in the effectiveness and quality of education in schools and pre-school facilities
in rural areas
3.2.4

DIRECTION 4

Improving the institutional and legal instruments

This direction includes project proposals aimed at addressing the issues associated with institutional
development, improving regulatory frameworks and institutional structures, strengthening regional
cooperation, developing the policy and strategy for sustainable development, training and capacity
building, and increasing public awareness.
Expected outputs are:
Conditions for a transparent and mutually beneficial regional dialogue and cooperation,
including setting up a sectorial dialogue between governments established
Conditions for a free exchange of opinions on vital issues, including on strengthening ties
between stakeholders, ministries and agencies, academic and cultural communities, and the
public at large, established
Institutional mechanisms and contractual and legal frameworks of regional cooperation in water
resource management improved
A regional mutually beneficial economic model for the multi-purpose use of surface and
underground water resources agreed
10

A greater understanding of the causes of the problem of regional cooperation, and
mutually acceptable ways to resolve these problems identified
Proposals to improve national legislative acts and to draft legislative and regulatory documents
in order to improve the efficiency of activities aimed at adapting to and mitigating the
consequences of climate change in the context of the UN Framework Conventions on Climate
Change developed
A National regulatory framework for the safety of water facilities in the countries of Central Asia
established
The capacity of EC IFAS strengthened
A Prototype of the single information system for the water sector established
A Communication Strategy for stakeholders and the public established
Training systems for the water sector and the hydrometeorological services in Central Asia
improved
It should be noted that the above Directions complement each other in such a way that the whole is
greater than the sum of the parts, and that by implementing proposed projects across these
different directions, an overall synergy is achieved.
4

IFAS and EC IFAS

It is recognized that regional cooperation is the only way to deal with present and future challenges.
These challenges are the effective use and management of water; adaptation to climate change;
growing populations and the resulting increase in the demand for water, energy and food, and
environmental degradation. It has to be stressed that regional cooperation is the key to
development as has been seen in many parts of the world. National governments working alone will
not be able to face up to the challenges.
4.1

IFAS

The existing mechanism of regional cooperation under IFAS, and the other three interstate
organizations (Interstate Commission for Water Coordination, Interstate Commission for Sustainable
Development, EC IFAS) needs to be improved. The establishment of a basin organization could be
the answer for IFAS in the future. Possible role models could be the Mekong River Commission
(under the umbrella of the United Nations) or organisations like the Danube Commission (managed
by member states).
Discussions are currently under way regarding possible changes to the organizational structure of
IFAS. EC IFAS, with the assistance of UNECE and the German Government, has established a working
group on this subject. The Heads of the Central Asian States also recognized the need for better
cooperation within IFAS in their statement of 28 April 2009.
4.2

EC IFAS: Mission, Vision, Strategy

The overall mission of EC IFAS is to serve the people of the Aral Sea Basin. Its vision is “Improved
living conditions for the people of Central Asia”.
EC IFAS is the executive body of IFAS. Its role is to coordinate cooperation at national and
international levels in order to use existing water resources more effectively, and to improve the
environmental and socioeconomic situation in the Aral Sea Basin. EC IFAS serves as a platform for
dialogue among the countries of Central Asia, as well as the international community.

11

EC IFAS/ASBP-3 and its regulations will not attempt to supersede or otherwise interfere with
agreements between donors or implementing agencies and partners in Central Asia irrespective of
whether their projects are listed in the ASBP 3 or not.
However, EC-IFAS needs help to work more effectively to ensure it delivers on its vision and
mandate/mission. A strategy has been formulated which includes strengthening the capacity of IFAS
bodies and EC IFAS in particular. This will help to ensure the successful implementation of projects as
they are spelled out in the ASBP-3. There will also be public outreach programs, which will serve to
familiarize politicians, decision makers, journalists, scientists, and the interested public about major
issues regarding the Aral Sea basin.
The four ‘directions’ this mission will take are: integrated water resources management,
environmental protection, socio-economic development, and global and regional conventions.

12

Aral Sea Basin Program
Project Proposed
Direction 1

Directions

Clusters

1. Integrated water 1.1. Information system
improvement, including
resources
hydromet
management
modernization, database
development,
development of united
methodology for water
demand forecast

Reference
Number

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3

1.2. Application of IWRM
principles,
including
development of national
and regional visions of
water use, basin plans,
water
quality
conservation
and
protection, manuals and
strategies for efficient
water use

1.3. Dam (water works)
safety
1.4 Natural disaster risk
management

Project Proposals
Water
and
Development:
Management

Economic
Demand

Improvement of database and
simulation
models
for
transboundary water resources
management
Capacity building for improved
management of transboundary
water resources

1.1.4

Improvement
infrastructure
system

1.1.5

Hydromets modernization

1.1.6

Rehabilitation of Monitoring
System for Irrigated Lands

1.2.1

1.2.2

of

irrigation
monitoring

Development of National and
Regional Concept of Water
Resources Use
Integrated management of
surface and ground water
resources to meet the needs of
water users

1.2.3

Transfer
of
irrigation
infrastructure to water users

1.2.4

Irrigation Rehabilitation

1.3.1

Water Works Safety

1.4.1

Strengthening regional capacity
for disaster risk reduction in
Central Asia

13

Aral Sea Basin Program
Project Proposed
Direction 2

Directions

Clusters

2.
Environmental

2.1.
Environment
protection,
including
assistance
in
implementation of Kyoto
Protocol and climate
change
adaptation
measures

Reference
Number
2.1.1

Reforestation in Aral Sea Basin

2.1.2

Sustainable development and
management of wetlands to reduce
desertification
and
restore
biodiversity

2.1.3

2.1.4

2.1.5
2.1.6

2.2.
Biodiversity
management

Project Proposals

Regional Program for biological
resources protection in mountain
areas of Central Asia
Integrated
management
of
Syrdarya and Amu Darya the deltas.
Biodiversity conservation
Development
of
regional
environmental
indicators
and
environmental information systems
Reduction
emission

of

greenhouse

gas

2.1.7

Evaluation
of
snowpack,
distribution of the solar radiation
and radiation balance in the
mountain area of the Central Asia

2.1.8

Natural disaster risks management

2.1.9

Man-made disaster risks reduction
in mountain areas

2.2.1

Establishment
of
biological diversity
system

2.2.2.

Conservation of flora endangered
species and publication the Red
Book of the Aral Sea basin

2.2.3

Preservation of fauna endangered
species and publication the Red
Book of Wild Fauna of the Aral Sea
basin

Regional
monitoring

14

Aral Sea Basin Program
Project Proposed
Direction 3

Directions

Clusters

3.
Socio- 3.1.
Sustainable
economic
development

3.2.
Water
supply,
sanitation, and health

3.3. Assistance in the
improvement
of
education system

Reference
Number

Project Proposals

3.1.1

Increasing employment in rural
areas

3.1.2

Improvement of grazing lands in the
Aral Sea vicinity

3.1.3

Use of renewable energy in rural
areas

3.2.1

Improving access to drinking water
for rural population

3.2.2

Improving quality of medical
healthcare of rural population

3.3.1

Improvement of education in rural
areas

15

Aral Sea Basin Program
Project Proposed
Direction 4
Reference
Number

Directions

Clusters

4. Improvement
of
institutional
and
legal
mechanisms

4.1.
Institutional
development, including
improvement
and
development of legal
base and institutional
structures

Project Proposals

4.1.1

National and regional dialogues
on Water Convention and Water
Resources Management

4.1.2

Analysis of the economic impact
of the optimized use of water
and energy resources in Central
Asia

4.1.3

Development of Regional Water
Convention for the Aral Sea
basin

4.1.4

Adaptation of irrigation and
drainage
infrastructure
to
climate change

4.1.5

Support to improvement of the
organizational structure, legal
framework and capacity building
for
water
resources
management

4.1.6

Improvement of legal and
regulatory base due to the need
for climate change adaptation

4.2.1

Assistance to strengthening
cooperation in Central Asia:
Draft Agreement on Safety of
Hydraulic Structures

4.2.2

Legal and institutional support
for establishment of Information
System (network) and databases
for Aral Sea basin

4.2.3

Capacity
Strengthening
of
Executive
Committee
of
International Fund for Saving the
Aral Sea

4.3.
Policies
and
strategies for sustainable
development

4.3.1

Strengthening of cooperation in
Central Asia: Establishment of
Basin Water Councils for
Amudarya and Syrdarya

4.4.

4.4.1

Improvement
of
Regional
Training System for staff

4.2. Strengthening of
regional cooperation

Training

and

16

capacity building

responsible for safety
hydraulic structures

4.4.2

4.5Public awareness

of

Improvement of the Regional
Training System for National
Hydrometeorological Services

4.4.3

Improvement of the Regional
Training System for water sector
staff

4.4.4

Save water

4.5.1

Awareness rising

17

IFAS Project Proposals
DIRECTION 1
1.1.1

WATER AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: DEMAND MANAGEMENT

19

1.1.2 A WEB-BASED TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
21
1.1.3

TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES – MONITORING EQUIPMENT 23

1.1.4

IRRIGATION INFRASTRUCTURE MONITORING SYSTEM 25

1.1.5

HYDROMET MODERNIZATION 27

1.1.6

REHABILITATION OF MONITORING SYSTEMS FOR IRRIGATED LANDS 29

1.2.1

A NATIONAL AND REGIONAL APPROACH TO USING WATER

1.2.2

INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF SURFACE AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES 33

1.2.3

TRANSFER OF IRRIGATION INFRASTRUCTURE TO WATER USERS

1.2.4

IRRIGATION REHABILITATION 37

1.3.1

DAM SAFETY – RISK REDUCTION

1.4.1

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT IN CENTRAL ASIA 41

31

35

39

18

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.1.1

Water and Economic Development: Demand Management

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
This proposal is aimed at strengthening the capacity for the management and the exchange of data
among different stakeholders to help them plan effectively, and make well-informed decisions with
respect to water resources management.
BACKGROUND
Comprehensive, detailed, coherent and reliable information on the availability of water resources is
the key to the successful implementation of the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).
Unfortunately, this kind of information is limited and relatively inaccessible.
A feasibility study for Information System for Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins was developed
under ASBP-1 and ASBP-2 within the IWRM theme and the effectiveness of the proposed approach
was demonstrated through pilot projects funded from various sources.
The continuation of these activities would improve both the management of water and allow for a
more efficient use of water.
On-going or Previous Projects
Water Environmental Management Project (World Bank), Natural Resource Management Project
(USAID), Water Management Improvement Project (World Bank), Improvement of
Hydrometeorological Services (SECO)
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

To be determined

BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: BVO Amudarya, SIC ICWC, Scientific Research Institute KyrgNIIIrrigation,
Scientific Research Institute TajNIIGIM, ICWC, National Agrarian University (Kazakhstan)
OUTCOMES
Water resource management improved
A united methodology for forecasting water supply and demand developed
Hydromet systems modernized
Access to information improved
OUTPUTS
Water distribution in the region more sustainable, equitable and fair
The supply and flow of water in the region more uniform and stable
Nonproductive discharges of water from the systems eliminated
Irrigation systems’ original technical design parameters on velocity, water levels etc. maintained
Water and land resources more efficiently used
Communication and information systems improved and developed

19

ACTIVITIES
Updating the list of information necessary for water management and decision-making at
various levels (local, national, regional)
Undertaking a preliminary survey and selection of pilots
Establishing Water Basin Councils
Developing a terms of reference to design Water Management Systems
Designing Water Management Systems
Procuring, installing and commissioning equipment
Training Operational staff
Sharing information and experience with stakeholders and relevant organizations
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Deviations in water discharge will not exceed 2-3%
The rate of reduction in water resources will decrease by 5-7%
Crop yields will increase by 15%
Operational staff at the selected facilities will be trained to use the installed machinery and
equipment
Information and training materials will be developed and distributed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET
To be determined

20

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.1.2

A Web-based Transboundary Water Resource Information Management System

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at solving technical issues related to the management of transboundary water
resources.
BACKGROUND
The issue of transboundary water resources management in the former Soviet Union used to be
solved through application of administrative measures at the level of the Ministry of Water
Resources. Since the collapse of the USSR, this issue has become much more complex and is now an
interstate affair.
The improvement of sustainable and fair transboundary water resources management is a major
task which should be undertaken by the Central Asian states to eliminate poverty and facilitate
sustainable economic grows. However, water management is a complex issue associated with the
use, reproduction and conservation of water and it needs modern techniques and technologies.
One of the project priority tasks would be to establish of a multilevel interstate, inter-sectorial
information system on water and land resources in the Aral Sea basin. This would facilitate the
sustainable management and control of water resources and serve as the base for a decision
support system. It would also improve the productivity of economic activities based on modern
hardware, software, and telecommunication facilities.
This single unified information system would include data on water resources, including
development and forecasting, assessment of various aspects of water use.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

USD 1,550,000

BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: BVO Amudarya, SIC ICWC, Scientific Research Institute KyrgNIIIrrigation,
Scientific Research Institute TajNIIGIM, ICWC, Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI, Tajik Hydromet,
Ministries of Environment Protection, Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources, Regional
Hydrological Centre, Metrological Centre ICWC.
OUTCOMES
Water resource management improved
A united methodology for forecasting water supply and demand developed
Hydromet systems modernized
Access to information improved
OUTPUTS
Simulation models for planning the distribution of water resources at river basins level, taking
into account the existing agreements on water allocation, the forecasts of water availability and
water demand improved
The management of transboundary water resources improved
21

Decision makers provided with a reliable tool enabling real-time access to, and use of, scenarios
and options for water sector development
Hydrological and irrigation infrastructure databases improved
CA Water-Info portal (http://www.cawater-info.net) expanded to facilitate the dissemination of
data and analytical reports
Volume of nonproductive (inefficient) discharges from the systems reduced
Communication and information systems on the use of water resources improved and
developed
ACTIVITIES
Improving the water sector data exchange system by harmonizing the databases of various
organizations based on the Central Asia Regional Water Information Base Project (CAREWIB)
Improving computer models and user interfaces to solve managerial problems involving those
related to assessment of water resources availability
Developing a GIS based Regional Information System
Harmonizing the Regional Information System with the Central Asia Regional Mountain Centre
database
Continuing to develop the CAWater-Info portal (http://www.cawater-info.net) to disseminate
the data and analytical information
Training Operational staff to use software developed by the project
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Deviations from the agreed water discharge schedules do not exceed 10%
Deviations from the technological parameters of facilities and channels’ operation are within the
limits
Nonproductive (inefficient) water discharges from the systems are eliminated
Professionals and decision-makers trained to operate the software developed under the project
The developed and improved models for water planning for river basins demonstrate
satisfactory concurrency with the indicators actually observed and are used by the agencies
responsible for water resources management
Information related to status of transboundary water resources is available to professionals and
the general public
Databases are managed in accordance with the agreed Protocol
Forecasted parameters are reliable and accurate
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$1,550,000 – including:
$1,250,000 to improve and harmonize the databases, and to design and/or improve and install
software
$300,000 for seminars, conferences, training and dissemination of information materials

22

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.1.3

Transboundary water Resources – Monitoring Equipment

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving and strengthening the management and hardware capacity of
transboundary water resources.
BACKGROUND
Since the collapse of the USSR, water resources of some river basins are now considered
transboundary because they flow through different sovereign states.
Good neighborly relations among the Central Asia states and improving the living conditions of local
populations is dependent upon a reasonable and fair use of transboundary water resources taking
into consideration the interest of downstream countries.
Studies of information exchange related to water use undertaken by the Water Environmental
Management Project (World Bank) and the Natural Resources Management Project (USAID) have
demonstrated that there is an urgent need to strengthen regional cooperation by improving the
monitoring of water resources, information exchange and the harmonization of measurement
methods.
The main technical obstacles that prevent effective management of transboundary water resources
are:
lack of equipment required, including certified ones for water metering
an outdated communication system, which does not allow adequate facility management in
accordance with the applicable regulations
lack of up-to-date software
untrained personnel
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: BVO Amudarya, SIC ICWC, Scientific Research Institute KyrgNIIIrrigation,
Scientific Research Institute TajNIIGIM, ICWC, Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI, Tajik Hydromet,
Ministies of Environment Protection, Agriculture and Water Recourses Regional Hydrological Centre,
Metrological Centre ICWC.
OUTCOMES
Water resource management improved
A united methodology for forecasting water supply and demand developed
Hydromet systems modernized
Access to information improved
OUTPUTS
Observation systems improved
Accuracy of water flow and water quality measurement improved
Water management system at pilot sites improved
Equipment and tools needed at pilot sites supplied and installed
23

Operating staff are trained to use equipment
Information from the pilot sites is received by decision-makers in real time
Deviations from the technological parameters do not exceed limits
Stable water supply to water users provided
Nonproductive (inefficient) water discharges reduced
ACTIVITIES
Preparation Phase
Studying the situation on sites and collecting information required
Developing technical specifications for management systems
Defining a list of pilot sites
Designing new Management systems
Developing a list of equipment required
Implementation Phase
Procuring, installing and commissioning equipment
Training the operational staff at pilot sites
Commissioning pilot sites
Developing information materials
Conducting workshops to exchange experience and lessons learned
Distributing information materials
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Deviations from the agreed water discharge schedules do not exceed 10%
Deviations from the technological parameters of facilities and channels’ operation are within the
limits
Nonproductive (inefficient) water discharges from the systems are eliminated
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET
To be determined

24

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.1.4

Irrigation Infrastructure Monitoring System

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the efficiency of the use of water resources and reducing the cost
of public expenditure for operating irrigation infrastructures.
BACKGROUND
Since the early 1980’s, Irrigation Service Fees have been charged for the use of irrigation water in
Central Asia states. This volumetric method was, and is, mainly used for establishing the costs for the
water supply services provided, i.e. water users pay for the volume of water delivered.
Originally, the Gauging Station Registers the water facilities were established according to
administrative borders. The Registers reflected availability and conditions of the measuring devices,
accessory tools, level of automation of water allocation processes, and the needs for maintenance.
In addition, there was a system operational for the certification and verification of equipment.
However, since the collapse of the Soviet Union, this work has gradually declined due to the lack of
funds required to keep the system operational. This has resulted in an inadequate provision of water
to water users and the inability to monitor the flow and distribution of water.
The project would equip pilot sites with hardware, including equipment for water flow metering and
communication equipment, needed to monitor and control the use of water for irrigation.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES: Water-users, agencies responsible for water resources management and irrigation
infrastructure
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Metrological Centre ICWC, JSC GeoKod (Kazakhstan), Kyrgyz Hydromet,
Central Asian Institute of the Earth Applied Sciences, Tajik Hydromet, Ministries of Agriculture and
Water Resources.
OUTCOMES
Water resource management improved
A united methodology for forecasting water supply and demand developed
Hydromet systems modernized
Access to information improved
OUTPUTS
Priority gauging stations provided with all necessary equipment to:
o accurately measure water flows and deviations in water flows
o calibrate existing equipment to measure water flows
All forms of communication equipment improved
Staff knowledge of use of equipment improved
Stakeholder access to Water flow data improved
Equipment at gauging stations certified
The necessary prerequisites for Irrigation Management Transfer established
25

ACTIVITIES
Identifying gauging stations of priority status
Undertaking a technical assessment of the state of equipment at priority irrigation system
gauging stations
Restoring and modernizing calibration equipment
Developing a Gauging Stations Rehabilitation Program
Procuring, commissioning and installing required equipment
Providing water users with operating reference standards for the calibration of gauging devices
Training operational staff to work with the equipment installed
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
The priority gauging stations are furnished with 100% of equipment needed
Deviations in accuracy of measurement of water flow parameters at the equipped gauging
stations do not exceed set limits
100% of planned Water flow measuring devices are certified
Water flow data from the newly equipped gauging stations is shared with stakeholders in
accordance with the approved regulations
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET

To be determined

26

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.1.5

Hydromet Modernization

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the quality of hydrometeorological forecasting and information
provision for all weather-dependent sectors in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
Central Asian states have recently declared a commitment to the strategic planning of water using
integrated water resources management (IWRM) principles. These principles are based on
integrating the interests of various sectors within hydrographic boundaries and involving the general
public and stakeholders in the planning, development, funding and decision-making process. This is
to ensure it meets the needs of society and the environment in a sustainable manner.
Hydrometeorological Services are crucial as these institutions are the source of information on water
availability and forecasts on water quantity and quality, as well as the source of meteorological
information.
However, recent studies looking at the availability and reliability of meteorological and hydrological
data have shown that the system which functioned in the former Soviet Union has largely degraded
and does not meet customers’ requirements. Observation stations at remote mountain watershed
areas of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and the monitoring of meteorological and hydrological
parameters, are of particular concern.
In addition, state budgets do not allocate sufficient funds for the collection, processing, storage and
sharing of hydrometeorological data sharing.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES: National Hydrometeorological Services (NHMS) of Central Asian countries,
consumers of hydrological and meteorological data including agricultural sector, hydropower,
transport and construction, and communal services
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Hydromet Services of Central Asia states, Metrological Centre ICWC, JSC
GeoKod (Kazakhstan), Central Asian Institute of the Earth Applied Sciences, State Environment
Protection Committee of Kyrgyzstan, Design Institute TajikGiprovodkhoz, Regional Hydrological
Centre, SIC ICWC, Dashoguz Branch of EC IFAS.
OUTCOMES
Water resource management improved
A united methodology for forecasting water supply and demand developed
Hydromet systems modernized
Stakeholder access to information improved
OUTPUTS
Economy of Central Asian states improved
Meteorological and hydrological forecasting more reliable and useful for stakeholders
Snowpack monitoring system improved
Communication systems upgraded
27

Processing, storage and information sharing system upgraded
Procurement of software, tools and equipment developed and harmonized
Priority monitoring systems rehabilitated and/or restored
Long-term program of staff training and retraining developed
Hydromets’ institutional structure improved
ACTIVITES
Compiling and harmonizing the existing proposals for the modernization of Hydromets
Developing a conceptual framework in order to successfully modernize Central Asian Hydromets
Improving the observation, data collection, transmission, processing, storage and distribution
systems
Upgrading data exchange between the Hydromets of Central Asia and the WMO (World
Meteorological Organization)
Restoring and/or rehabilitating priority monitoring stations
Training staff on new software and equipment procured
Introducing a more customer orientated institutional structure
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Economic losses in agricultural, energy, transportation and communal sectors will be reduced by
an average of 15%
A conceptual framework for the modernization of Central Asian Hydromets is developed and
agreed upon
The new improved system of collection, transmission, processing and distribution of
meteorological and hydrological data meets the needs of the sectors concerned
The hydrological database is updated and available for users
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
To be determined

28

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.1.6

Rehabilitation of Monitoring Systems for Irrigated Lands

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at maintaining a sustainable environment under climate change conditions
through the introduction of integrated water resources management principles, and the
harmonization of monitoring systems for irrigated lands.
BACKGROUND
Ground water resource is a strategically important source of water resources. In the former Soviet
Union the monitoring of the quality and the quantity of underground water was carried out through
a highly developed system that allowed both the water discharge and the quality of underground
water to be forecast with a sufficient rate of probability. During the soviet era the underground and
groundwater were treated separately. Monitoring of underground water was carried out by the
Ministry of Geology and ground water by the Ministry of Water Resources. Later, groundwater
monitoring was transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture to the hydro-amelioration
departments/expeditions.
After the collapse of the former Soviet Union, monitoring systems deteriorated substantially.
Observations have almost ceased and it is now impossible to obtain any reliable information on the
conditions of underground water in the majority of deposits, as well as data on the table and quality
of groundwater in most of Central Asia.
As a result, it is impossible to estimate the condition of land resources, to forecast crop yields and to
plan and carry out measures to improve crop productivity.
Recent studies have revealed an urgent need for the rehabilitation of the monitoring systems and
information exchange systems referred to above.
The main technical problems identified in the monitoring systems are as follows:
A general lack of important equipment
An outdated communication system which does not meet the present requirements
Poorly trained staff
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,100,000
BENEFICIARIES: Water users, the agencies responsible for water management and irrigation
infrastructure
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources, Scientific Research
Institute of Water Resources (Kazakhstan), JSC GeoKod , Scientific Research Institute
KyrgNIIIrrigation, Ministry of Environment Protection (Uzbekistan), Tashkent Irrigation University
(Uzbekistan), Institute of Geoecology (Kazakhstan).
OUTCOMES
Water resource management improved
A united methodology for forecasting water supply and demand developed
Hydromet systems modernized
Stakeholder access to information improved
29

OUTPUTS
Water and land resources management system strengthened
Integrated approaches to the management and use of land and water resources implemented
The hydro-ameliorative monitoring systems rehabilitated
List of monitored parameters/indicators harmonized
A unified system of monitoring the condition of reclaimed irrigated land established
Database on the condition of irrigated lands developed
ACTIVITIES
Undertake a review of the current conditions of the monitoring system
Designing proposals on upgrading of the monitoring system
Designing proposals on the harmonization of monitoring parameters
Selecting pilot sites to demonstrate the effectiveness of the prepared proposals
Providing pilot sites with the necessary equipment and instrumentation
Establishing a database and software for the collection and issuance of land cadasters
Providing training to staff responsible for monitoring of land and water resources
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Proposals on the modernization of the monitoring system prepared, discussed and agreed
Proposals on the harmonization of the monitoring parameters prepared, discussed and agreed
Database on land-reclamation condition of irrigated lands established and providing reliable
information for stakeholders
Software for issuance of land cadasters developed and in use
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,100,000 - including:
$700,000 to develop proposals for the harmonization of monitoring indicators, designing and
developing database and software, and to conduct seminars and conferences
$400,000 for the procurement of equipment

30

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.2.1

A National and Regional Approach to using Water

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at ensuring that the regional use of water resources meets the national
interests of the countries of the Aral Sea basin.
BACKGROUND
The lack of consistency in the use of water resources is a serious obstacle to sustainable
development and is the cause of regional, domestic and local conflicts. It is crucial that
transboundary water resources in the Aral Sea basin are used efficiently and in a rationalized
manner.
The development of proposals to improve the management and use of water resources in Central
Asia, taking into account environmental factors, and the effects of climate change and meeting the
national interests of the countries of the Aral Sea basin would contribute to a safer and more
cooperative use of these transboundary resources.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,250,000
BENEFICIARIES: Water users of Central Asian countries
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: BVO Amudarya, SIC ICWC, Scientific Research Institute of Water
Resources (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Agriculture (Kazakhstan), Scientific Research Institute TajNIIGiM
(Tajikistan), Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI, Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources.
OUTCOMES
IWRM principles applied in practice
National and Regional visions developed
Water management improved
Water quality conservation and protection
OUTPUTS
Cooperation on management and use of water resources improved
A set of criteria based on the national priorities of the countries of the Aral sea basin to optimize
water resources management developed
A unified strategy for the rational use of natural resources developed
A governance program on the catchment area of transboundary rivers developed
Proposals on the joint implementation of a single regional investment policy on water resources
management developed
Environmental requirements on the quality of water in the river basins established
An assessment of the current water management situation and available water resources
undertaken
Hydrological and climatic trends shall be clarified
Proposals on improving the efficiency of the organizations responsible for managing water
resources shall be prepared
Proposals on improving the efficiency of the organizations responsible for irrigation
infrastructures shall be prepared
31

ACTIVITIES
Assessing the current conditions of water management and available water resources
Clarifying hydrological and climatic trends
Undertaking a review of the water management development strategy and its main directives in
the countries of the Aral Sea basin
Clarifying and agreeing upon environmental requirements for water quality in the river basins
Developing proposals on improving the efficiency of the organizations responsible for managing
water resources
Developing proposals on improving the efficiency of the organizations responsible for managing
irrigation infrastructure
Developing a program on managing the catchment area of transboundary rivers
Developing the key provisions of a single strategy for the rational use of natural resources aimed
at sustainable development of the whole region
Identifying ways of jointly implementing a single regional investment policy
Consulting with representatives of various sectors of government organizations, NGOs, scientific
community, and the private sector on activities and proposals
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Environmental requirements to ensure water quality in the river basins established
Main provisions of a single strategy for rational use of natural resources developed, discussed
and agreed
Program on the management of catchment area of transboundary rivers developed, discussed
and agreed
Proposals on the joint implementation of the single regional investment policy for water
resources management developed, discussed and agreed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

Estimated Budget:
$1,250,000 - including:
$500,000 for analytical work
$750,000 for development, discussion and coordination of documents

32

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.2.2

Integrated Management of Surface and Ground Water Resources

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at strengthening regional cooperation in the management of transboundary
surface and ground water resources.
BACKGROUND
The quantity and quality of surface and underground water in Central Asia is closely connected. The
unrestrained use of surface water sources, as well as an excessive use of disposable water resources
is leading to depletion and deterioration of underground water (a major source of drinking water in
the area).
However, one of the principles of IWRM is the integrated management of surface and underground
water, and in Central Asia, the formation of underground water basins are closely related to surface
runoff and often transboundary in nature.
In Central Asia, there is a lack of coordination between the ministries responsible for underground
water and the ministries responsible for drinking water and irrigation (despite the fact that the
needs of these sectors are largely supported by underground water). This is leading to a
fragmentation of responsibility for underground water causing mismanagement of the resource. At
the same time, farmers have increasingly begun to use underground water for irrigation purposes.
In addition, the system of underground water monitoring that existed in the former Soviet Union has
severely deteriorated to such extent that at present there is no reliable information available on the
status of groundwater in irrigated areas and underground water basins.
A plan to rehabilitate underground water monitoring and to incorporate IWRM principles to the
management of surface and ground water resources should be one of the priority activities of the
Central Asian states.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$ 1,200,000

BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water resources management, water users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources, Scientific Research
Institute of Water Resources (Kazakhstan), Rice Scientific Research Institute (Kazakhstan), Scientific
Research Institute TajNIIGM (Tajikistan), Ministry of Environment Protection (Uzbekistan), Tashkent
Irrigation University (Uzbekistan), Institute of Geoecology (Kazakhstan).
OUTCOMES
IWRM principles applied in practice
National and Regional visions developed
Water management improved
Water quality conservation and protection
OUTPUTS
Proposals on organization of a common united monitoring system for pilot transboundary water
basins developed
33

Principles for the use of underground and surface water for the pilot basins agreed
Regulatory legal acts on management and integrated use of underground and surface water at
pilot sites harmonized
The capacity of institutions managing aquifers and promoting regionally coordinated national
policies strengthened
Future investment plans for aquifer development and management in pilot areas, based on
community participation developed
ACTIVITIES
Undertaking an assessment of the state of the current monitoring system
Preparing proposals on upgrading of the current monitoring system
Strengthening human resources and logistics within the management system of both surface
and underground water
Developing proposals for implementing a regionally coordinated integrated surface and
underground water resources management system
Developing investment programs jointly with social community for the development of an
integrated water resources management system aimed at improving the living standards of local
people
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
An integrated monitoring system for pilot transboundary water basins in place
Principles for the use of underground and surface water for the pilot basins agreed
Investment programs for the pilot sites developed
Regulatory legal acts on management and integrated use of underground and surface water at
pilot sites harmonized
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

Estimated Budget:
$ 1,200,000 - including:
$900,000 for developing and establishing information system, designing principles for the use of
ground water, drafting regulations and legal instruments
$300,000 for conducting seminars, conferences, preparation, development and dissemination of
information

34

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.2.3

Transfer of Irrigation Infrastructure to Water Users

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the management of the irrigation infrastructure to maintain the
sustainable development of agriculture.
BACKGROUND
Central Asia has a complex and extensive irrigation infrastructure which requires substantial
financial and material resources in order to maintain it effectively. The transition of Central Asian
countries from centralized control to a market economy, including in agriculture, has resulted in a
reduction in state budget allocations for this sector. One of the most effective ways of solving this
problem is to transfer responsibility for the management, operation and maintenance of water
systems to water users themselves.
This transfer of responsibility is beginning to happen in Central Asia. Water users have started to
merge creating Water Users Associations (WUAs) and to take responsibility for the management,
operation and maintenance of irrigation systems. However, many members of the WUAs lack the
necessary knowledge, skills and experience to register or manage the organization or the
infrastructure. In addition, the regulatory framework has not kept pace with these changes and
requires refinement and improvement.
The project would improve the reliability of the water supply to irrigated lands by improving the
capacity of WUAs, rehabilitating irrigation systems and providing intake stations with water
resources metering devices. It would also provide WUAs members and farmers training on how to
use water more effectively.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure, water
users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources, SIC ICWC, Ministry of
Agriculture and Water Resources (Uzbekistan.
OUTCOMES
IWRM principles applied in practice
National and Regional visions developed
Water management improved
Water quality conservation and protection
OUTPUTS
The provision of sustainable, equitable and fair water supply available for more water users
Levels of unproductive water consumption decreased
Sustainable growth in productivity of irrigated agriculture increased
Water resources management for the benefit of water users improved
Public expenditures on operation and maintenance of irrigation infrastructure reduced
35

Management and maintenance of irrigation infrastructure facilities handed over to water users

ACTIVITIES
Selecting pilot WUAs and/or their federations
Assisting pilot WUAs to improve their technical and material base
Assisting pilot WUAs to develop and strengthen their institution and better manage resources
Highlighting the need to provide the appropriate assistance to women involved to ensure
involvement in the discussion and decision-making processes concerning WUAs and water
resources management
Assisting in the rehabilitation and repair work of the irrigation network, including the installation
of metering equipment
Developing proposals on improving the regulatory legal framework clarifying the roles,
responsibilities and rights of the government, agencies and all water users, including WUAs and
their federations
Training WUAs staff as necessary
Preparing the documents to transfer management of irrigation facilities to water users
Preparing information material and assist the stakeholders in dissemination of the above
mentioned material
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Water distribution schedule established and operating at 100%
Discharge capacity of hydraulic structures, canal, drainage conditions, fulfillment of repair works
100% completed
WUAs accumulated financial and material resources for their own use
Irrigation facilities managed by pilot WUAs
Water resources distributed to water users in an equitable manner and at the most appropriate
time for effective use

START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:
ESTIMATED BUDGET

2011
2013
To be determined

36

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.2.4

Irrigation Rehabilitation

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at developing a strategy for the rehabilitation of the water irrigation
infrastructure in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
The irrigation and drainage infrastructures of Central Asian countries, inherited from the former
Soviet Union, are one of the most sophisticated in the world. However, managing these
infrastructures requires substantial funds which the countries are not always able to allocate.
In the last 10 - 20 years, because of this lack of funds, maintenance and repair works have been done
irregularly and work tends to be in response to rather than in order to prevent emergency. As a
consequence, structures, including canals and drains, have ceased to work in design mode, and
irrigated lands have started to lose productivity and/or have been abandoned.
The project would clarify the priorities with respect to rehabilitation of water infrastructure and
would help the Central Asian countries to develop their national strategies for water management.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

USD 2,600,000

BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water resources management and water sector
infrastructure
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources, Scientific Research
Institute of Water Resources (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Environment Protection (Kazakhstan), State
Committee of Water Resources (Kyrgyzstan), Design Institute Kyrgizsuu dolboor (Kyrgyzstan),
Scientific Research Institute TajNIIGIM, Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI, Ministry of Agriculture
and Water Resources (Uzbekistan), Design Institute Samarkand suvloykha, Dashoguz Branch of EC
IFAS.
OUTCOMES
IWRM principles applied in practice
Water management improved
Water quality conservation and protection
OUTPUTS
Irrigation systems based on the basin principle certified
An assessment of the necessary costs of repair and rehabilitation works for irrigation and
drainage systems undertaken
Plans to repair and rehabilitate irrigation systems developed
Registers of water systems developed
ACTIVITIES
Consulting with stakeholders on the methodology for the certification of water systems
Consulting with stakeholders on Draft Technical Certificates for water systems and basins
37

Developing a register of water systems and guidelines of its application
Issuing certificates and creating a database of water systems with the use of GIS technologies
Undertaking an assessment of the necessary costs of repair and rehabilitation works in the
context of basins, as well as the needs in equipment and material resources
Developing a strategy to carry out repair and rehabilitation work to irrigation systems
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
The certification of water systems
A report on the estimated costs of repair and rehabilitation works
The development of plans for rehabilitation works
A GIS based database of water systems
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$2,600,000 - including:
$2,250,000 – to conduct an asset survey, for the development of Registers and Guidelines, and for
the certification of water systems
$150,000 - to purchase of licensed software
$200,000 – to conduct seminars and workshops, prepare and disseminate documents and
information

38

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.3.1

Dam Safety – Risk Reduction

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the reliability of, and ensuring, the safe operation of hydraulic
structures in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
Major hydraulic structures on the irrigation facilities of Central Asian countries were built over 30
years ago and for a long time facilities have been running without proper maintenance, repair or
replacement of worn equipment and instruments. The risk of an incident is now high. If something
were to go wrong, not only would the delivery of water be at risk, but also the lives of the population
living in the immediate vicinity of the structures would be under threat.
It is proposed to conduct an analysis and identify problems in operations of various types of
hydraulic structures. Proposals would then be developed to improve the reliability and operational
safety of the observed facilities including the installation of early warning systems and the
harmonization of technical regulations for hydraulic structures operation. A training program for the
staff of organizations responsible for the safety on hydraulic structures would also be developed.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES: Institutions responsible for the safety of hydraulic structures, the population at risk
zone
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Gosvodtekhndzor (Uzbekistan), EC IFAS Branch in Tajikistan, EC IFAS
Branch in Uzbekistan, UNDP.
OUTCOMES
Dam safety improved
Risk to local population reduced
Greater reliability of water supply
OUTPUTS
The operational safety of major hydraulic structures improved
Numbers of incidences reduced
Uninterrupted supply of water to consumers ensured
Hydraulic equipment upgraded
Operations staff more efficient and effective
ACTIVITIES
Identifying a list of pilot sites for the project
Upgrading the target indicators of reliability and operational safety of hydraulic structures
Identifying the critical parts of the structures in terms of the reliability and safety
Surveying pilot facilities to determine specific operation needs of the various types of hydraulic
structures
Developing proposals on improving the reliability and operational safety of the surveyed
facilities
39

Developing proposals for providing facilities with measuring and testing equipment
Designing and installing early warning systems for pilot facilities
Designing and installing software to monitor the hydraulic structures
Procuring and installing measuring and testing equipment and communication instrument at
pilot facilities
Harmonizing the norms and rules for operating hydraulic structures
Training operational staff, and members of supervising bodies and professionals of organizations
concerned
Ensuring pilot sites are supplied with necessary equipment and facilities
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Water delivery to water users is 100% in accordance with the agreed quantity and fixed schedule
of delivery
Early warning systems installed and fit for purpose in the event of an emergency situation at the
pilot sites
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

Estimated Budget

To be determined

40

Aral Sea Basin Program
1.4.1

Disaster Risk Reduction Management in Central Asia

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at assisting the people of Central Asian countries to reduce the risk of
becoming a victim of natural disasters.
BACKGROUND
Central Asia is a region at high risk of natural disasters. In particular, the most vulnerable parts are
the watershed areas - the Pamir and Tien Shan. These risks are caused by the topographic,
geophysical, hydrological and climatic conditions of the areas, as well as man-made factors that
often exacerbate the situation. Every year, it is estimated that the economic losses amount to
hundreds of millions of US dollars annually for each of the countries of Central Asia.
However, by strengthening regional cooperation, improving disaster preparedness and the disaster
response plan and other measures, these losses, and the risk of future losses caused by potential
disasters, can be reduced.
The Project would support the development of capacity and strategies to reduce the risk from
natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods, landslides, mudslides and avalanches.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES: Government institutions, civil society and communities
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Central Asian Institute of the Earth Applied Sciences, Ministry of
Emergency (Kyrgyzstan), EC IFAS Branch in Tajikistan, UNDP.
OUTCOMES
Natural disaster risk management improved
Regional Disaster response plans ready for use
Population safety improved
OUTPUTS
Regional capacities for early warning and disaster preparedness and response to natural and
technological risks improved
Inter-ministerial cooperation and coordination between national agencies in forecasting, risk
assessment and disaster recovery operations improved
Inter-ministerial cooperation and coordination between regional and international stakeholders
engaged in risk reduction activity improved
The coordination on natural disaster recovery operations between the States and the civil
society in Central Asia improved
Technical assistance to the countries of Central Asia to establish the Natural disasters response
and a Risk Reduction Center provided
Terms of Reference for a regional database developed and discussed
A draft curriculum for a capacity building training course discussed and approved
Information exchange between stakeholders improved
41

ACTIVITIES
Providing technical assistance to strengthen the capacity of Central Asian countries
Setting up a Risk Reduction Center
Conducting an analysis and estimate of material aid reserves requirements and the best
methods to distribute it
Sourcing funds to set up a training center and assisting in its set up
Facilitating an appeal to donors to finance the purchasing of equipment
Drafting a curriculum for a capacity building training course
Ensuring that the issue of disaster mitigation is a priority of development policies and strategies
in order to strengthen national goals for sustainable development
Improving the legal framework for disaster management in Central Asia
Disseminating information on best practices and recommendations on natural disasters risk
reduction to stakeholders working in the field of disaster mitigation
Developing strategies to support member-states in addressing specific tasks on natural disasters
risks reduction
Providing information to international organizations engaged in risk reduction training
Designing and establishing a regional database
Organizing and conducting meetings and consultations with national, regional and international
stakeholders for information exchange on issues of risk mitigation and to discuss response
strategies
Undertaking an assessment of public awareness on the risks of natural disasters
Setting up a dialogue between civil society organizations and the governments of member-states
to communicate the results of the public awareness survey, and to discuss existing practices to
reduce disaster risks
Developing proposals for a coordinated risk reduction strategy between the state and civil
society
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A national, regional and international action plan on disaster prevention and response agreed
and in place
A coordinated risk reduction strategy between the state and civil society agreed and in place
Regular meetings between all national, regional and international stakeholders
Capacity building training course designed
An information database established
Public awareness survey conducted
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET

To be determined

42

IFAS Project Proposals
DIRECTION 2
2.1.1

REFORESTATION IN THE ARAL SEA BASIN

2.1.2

SUSTAINABLE WETLANDS

2.1.3

PROTECTING TRANSBOUNDARY MOUNTAIN AREAS IN CENTRAL ASIA 48

2.1.4

INTEGRATED DELTA MANAGEMENT - SYRDARYA AND AMU DARYA DELTAS

2.1.5
2.1.6
2.1.7

44

46

50

REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION NETWORK WITH AGREED ENVIRONMENTAL
INDICATORS 52
REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS 54
EVALUATION OF SNOWPACK, SOLAR RADIATION DISTRIBUTION AND RADIATION
BALANCE IN THE MOUNTAIN AREA OF CENTRAL ASIA
56

2.1.8

NATURAL DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT

58

2.1.9

MAN-MADE DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN MOUNTAIN AREAS

2.2.1

A REGIONAL BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY MONITORING SYSTEM

2.2.2

FLORA ENDANGERED SPECIES IN THE ARAL SEA BASIN 64

2.2.3

FAUNA ENDANGERED SPECIES IN THE ARAL SEA BASIN

60

62

66

43

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.1

Reforestation in the Aral Sea Basin

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The proposed project is aimed at improving forest husbandry, increasing reforestation, developing
transplant nurseries, improving forest inspections, training and developing the skills of young
professionals, and raising public awareness.
BACKGROUND
One of the major environmental challenges facing the Aral Sea region is wind erosion of the dried
bed of Aral Sea. Each year about 75 million tons of sand, dust and salt is blown by the wind from the
bottom of the drained sea as a result of deflationary processes. The worst affected area lies within
100 km of the current water area. The least affected area sits approximately 100 to 300 km away
from the former Sea.
Vegetation and forests play an important role in protecting soils from wind and water erosion.
However, forests have been seriously degraded in the region in recent decades mainly due to
deforestation, overgrazing, fires, widespread pests and diseases, and there is a lack of trained
personnel in forest farms.
On-going or Previous Projects
Donors have already funded various projects to address the problem, such as Biodiversity of Gissar
Mountains (UNDP), Biodiversity Conservation in Dashti-Jum Reserve (World Bank), and the
Reforestation of the dry Aral Seabed (GTZ). All projects have demonstrated that reforestation
protects soils from wind and water erosion.
BENEFICIARIES - Local population, state administration, agencies responsible for forest and
environment management
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection and Forestry, Ministry of
Agriculture and Water Resources of Uzbekistan, Local Authorities, Scientific Forestry Institute
Republic of Uzbekistan, Institute of Geography of Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, JSC GeoKod of
Kazakhstan, Scientific Information Centre of ICWC, Nukus and Dashoguz EC IFAS Branches
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,200,000
OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Biodiversity restored and conserved
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
Forest area in the region increased, including in the dried Aral Seabed
Health of forests improved
Biodiversity increased
Wind and water erosion reduced
44

Risk of floods, mudflows, and landslides reduced
Number of trees and gardens around settlements increased
Monitoring of planted and existing forests increased
Material and technical base of forest enterprises strengthened
Environmental literacy and its role in forest management increased
Sand blown by wind (eolian transfer) reduced
Salt and dust blown by the wind from the dried seabed of the Aral Sea into the atmosphere
reduced
Health of the Area sea region’s population improved
Amount and quality of food available for domestic animals improved
Public awareness increased
ACTIVITIES
Restoring and expanding forests in the region, including organising nurseries for planting main
forest species
Establishing a permanent monitoring system of new forests
Improving fire prevention measures
Setting up measures to combat forest pests and diseases
Establishing green belts in the pilot sites (along the shoreline of Lake Sarykamyşh, the Small Aral
Sea, the rivers Naryn, Chatkal, Vakhsh, Panj)
Stabilising shifting sands
Planting new forests in the dried Aral seabed area
Planting of trees, shrubs and grasses around settlements in the region
Increasing training opportunities and improving equipment and machinery in forest enterprises
Launching a public awareness campaign
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Three nurseries created
Forest area increased by 5%
Measures to combat forest pests and diseases and to improve forest health in the pilot sites
implemented
Fire prevention measures in place at pilot sites
New ‘green’ areas planted around 5 settlements
Shifting sands stabilised in the pilot sites
A permanent monitoring of newly planted areas established
25 people trained increasing human resource capacity in forest enterprises
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,200,000 - including:
$1,100,000 to set-up nurseries, afforestation of pilot areas, to train personnel in forest enterprises
$100,000 for public awareness activities (to conduct seminars, presentations and for preparation,
development and dissemination of information)

45

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.2

Sustainable Wetlands

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The proposed project is aimed at establishing wetlands in the Syrdarya delta and the eastern part
of the Small Aral Sea (Northern Aral Sea), protecting them with National Park status, and
establishing a unified biodiversity monitoring network for the Southern area of the Aral Sea.
BACKGROUND
Much of what was the Aral Sea is now a desert, known as ‘Aralkum’ and there is also intensive
desertification around the sea area. In the deltas of the Amu Darya and Syrdarya rivers, natural
pastures are deteriorating, there is soil salinization, and biodiversity is decreasing.
As a result, nearly 90% of riparian woodlands (tugai) and reeds are gone, causing the disappearance
of most of the animals and birds in this area. The resulting depletion of commercial fish stocks and
waterfowl is causing significant economic problems, and the population has lost a major source of
income.
There is also a lack of coordination between water management and environmental organizations,
including local authorities and the local population, reducing the potential for an efficient use of
natural resources.
The most effective way to preserve biological diversity and landscapes is to establish nature reserves
with protected status. These would provide birds with nesting areas and migratory birds with a place
to rest. At the same time, they would serve as spawning and feeding water areas for fish, and the
establishment of national parks would create jobs for the local population.
On-going or Previous Projects
Projects already exist which demonstrate ways of protecting biodiversity in the region. For example,
artificial lakes were established along the former sea shoreline in 2002 under a project financed by
GEF (Water Environmental Management Project under ASBP-1). These lakes, Sudochye and
Zhyltyrbas, located within the project area, play a substantial role in the conservation of biological
resources, particularly migratory birds of the North-South Flyway. In addition, in 2009, a wetland
area, Ak-Zhaiyk, was established under the UNDP financed project (Integrated Conservation of
Priority Globally Significant Migratory Bird Habitat) for the same purpose, in the delta of Syrdarya
River.
ESTIMATED BUDGET

$600,000

BENEFICIARIES: Local population, local governments, and agencies responsible for environmental
protection
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources, Central Asian Regional
Environmental Centre, SANIIRI (Uzbekistan), IFAS Branches, SIC ICWC, Ministries of Environment
Protection.
OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
46

Conservation of landscape and biological diversity in the region
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
Environmental conditions around lakes Sudochye, Zhyltyrbas, Sarykamysh, and the Small Aral
improved
Number of nesting areas for birds, including those listed in the Red Book, increased
New water areas for spawning of endemic and commercial fish established
The protection of unique natural landscapes, including semi-aquatic, increased
A new wetland area of international importance, with National Park status, established in the
delta of Syrdarya River
New jobs created
A Draft Delta Management Plan agreed with stakeholders, written and submitted to responsible
agencies
Sustainable conditions to ensure protection of endangered species (birds, fish, mammals)
established at pilot sites
Proposals for an interstate biodiversity monitoring network developed
A GIS based database on flora and fauna of the Aral Sea region established
ACTIVITIES
Developing a regional methodology for biodiversity monitoring
Selecting sites for pilot projects
Establishing wetlands in the delta of Syrdarya river and the eastern part of the Small Aral Sea
Designating the lakes Sudochye and Zhyltyrbas to the List of Wetlands of International
Importance (the “Ramsar List”)
Coordinating with local authorities
Drafting the necessary documents to include pilots in the list of wetlands to be protected under
the Ramsar Convention
Drafting proposals for a biodiversity monitoring system
Establishing a GIS-based database on flora and fauna of the Aral sea region
Drafting up a Delta Management Plan
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Waterfowl nesting areas increased by 20%
Muskrats population increased by 10%
250 new jobs created
A Draft Delta Management Plan discussed and agreed with stakeholders and submitted to the
agencies responsible
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$600,000 - including:
$520,000 - for analytical works and preparation of documents
$80,000 - to conduct seminars and workshops

47

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.3

Protecting Transboundary Mountain Areas in Central Asia

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The proposed project is aimed at developing strategies for conserving biological resources in
mountain areas and implementing them in pilot sites set up in the region.
BACKGROUND
The mountains of the Central Asia are under threat. Illegal logging, uncontrolled livestock grazing,
and the plowing of slopes has led to an increased number of landslides, mudflows and general soil
erosion.
Over-exploitation of natural resources, unsustainable land practices, and deficiencies in forest
management are leading to their degradation. In addition, glaciers and snowpack areas are shrinking
due to climate change.
Unfortunately there is a lack of an integrated approach to the management of natural resources of
mountain areas. Therefore it is difficult to address current environmental problems, and it is difficult
to plan for future environmental problems before they occur.
However, these problems could be mitigated by the development of an agreed strategic approach to
managing the natural resources of mountain areas, and implementing them in a number of pilot
sites.
BENEFICIARIES State control bodies, local authorities, and agencies responsible for environment
protection
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, Central Asian Regional Mountain
Centre, IFAS Branches, Centre BioEcoSan (Uzbekistan).
ESTIMATED BUDGET

$800,000

OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
A list of proposed actions to overcome the environmental problems of pilot sites
Transboundary protected sites identified and established
A strategic approach to the establishment of protected mountain areas agreed
A Draft Regional Policy for the sustainable development of mountain areas agreed and drawn up
ACTIVITIES
Developing measures to overcome environmental problems in pilot areas
Identifying places for establishing new transboundary protected areas
Developing strategic approaches for establishing transboundary mountain protected areas
48

Developing a Draft Regional Policy for the sustainable development of mountain areas

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A list of pilot sites agreed
An Action Plan to address environmental problems at the pilot sites agreed
Two new transboundary protected areas established
Strategic approaches to the establishment of transboundary protected areas discussed, agreed
and submitted for coordination to the relevant bodies of the Central Asian states
A Draft Regional Policy for sustainable development of the mountain areas discussed with
stakeholders and submitted for coordination to the appropriate authorities of the Central Asia
states
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET

$800,000 – including

$600,000 – to develop measures to overcome environmental problems at the pilot sites, a strategic
approach for the establishment of transboundary protected areas, to set-up new transboundary
protected areas, and to draft a Regional Policy on sustainable development of mountain areas
$200,000 - for seminars and discussions, as well as for the preparation and dissemination of
information

49

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.4

Integrated Delta management - Syrdarya and Amu Darya Deltas

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The proposed project is aimed at restoring the biological diversity of the Amu Darya and Syrdarya
rivers deltas through the support of a more integrated management approach to conservation and
ecological development.
BACKGROUND
ASBP-1 was approved by the Heads of States on January 11, 1994. It states that biodiversity
restoration in deltas and protection of the dry bottom of the Sea is one of its priorities. In
accordance with the Program, activities should include the establishment of a system of reservoirs in
the delta of the Amu Darya and the integrated management of the Northern part of the Aral Sea.
In addition, it has been proposed by Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan that a system of lakes is established
in the Amu Darya and Syrdarya ecosystems - 116.7 thousand hectares in the Amu Darya delta and
85.8 thousand hectares in the delta of Syrdarya.
An integrated management system involving all relevant stakeholders would help protect natural
habitats, would lead to a more sustainable ecological development of the deltas, would improve
environmental conditions and would improve employment opportunities in the areas involved.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

To be determined

BENEFICIARIES: Local population and agencies responsible for environment protection
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Scientific Information Centre of ICWC, IFAS Branches, Ministries of
Environment Protection.
OUTCOMES
Conservation of landscape and biological diversity in the region
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
A coordinated Draft Program for the integrated management of the Amu Darya and Syrdarya
deltas
Ecological forecasting of deltas (taking into account climate change and country development
indicators) improved
The environmental condition of the deltas’ established
Fish productivity in lakes and river deltas restored
Habitats of migratory and wintering birds protected
Unemployment decreased
ACTIVITIES
Forecasting the environmental conditions of river deltas under different scenarios of socioeconomic development taking into account climate change factors
50

Developing methodologies and technical solutions to stabilize the water regime of the deltas
during low water flow times
Developing a program on integrated management of Amu Darya and Syrdarya delta areas in
order to ensure the stability of environmental conditions, the restoration of biodiversity and its
sustainable development
Running a feasibility study
Consulting with stakeholders on options for integrated management of Amu Darya and Syrdarya
deltas areas
Discussing and agreeing a Draft Program with the responsible agencies
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
57,000 hectares of lakes with guaranteed water supply established
60,000 hectares of area that is environmentally stable established
155,000 hectares of an area under reeds in the central part of the deltas established
170,000 hectares of grazing lands restored
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
To be determined

51

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.5

Regional Environmental Information Network with Agreed Environmental
Indicators

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The proposed project is aimed at improving the quality of information provided by the national
environment information management systems and establishing a common information network
with unified environmental indicators to improve the exchange of information about the Aral Sea
Basin between the countries of the Region.
BACKGROUND
Limited access to environmental information and lack of adequate information exchange is a
problem in Central Asian countries. In particular, it negatively affects the decision making process
related to environmental protection activities. The environment related databases do not exist in
various agencies. Where they do exist, they are being updated irregularly, are not compatible with
each other, and there is limited access. Information exchange is hampered by technical and
organizational problems that hinder the coordination of sound operational activities.
In addition, a vast variety of environmental conditions makes it difficult to develop indicators on the
state of the environment, especially in the case of the upstream and downstream of river basins.
One option is to develop a set of agreed environmental indicators for the Aral Sea Basin and
additional ones showing the most important indicators for each state. These would be disseminated
through a regional information network, supplying stakeholders, the public, private organizations,
and decision makers, with the appropriate information to develop well justified decisions.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$550,000

BENEFICIARIES: State agencies in charge of environment and NGOs
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, Ministry of Agriculture and
Water Resources, Local Authorities, Scientific Information Centre of ICWC, IFAS Branches.
OUTCOMES
Conservation of landscape and biological diversity in the region
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Provision of accurate information on the state of the environment to support decision making
OUTPUTS
A set of environmental indicators (regional and national) characterizing environmental
conditions developed
Information in National databases improved
National environmental geographic information systems (GIS) established
A regional environmental geographic information system (GIS) established
An agreement on the exchange of environmental information developed
The capacity of national environmental services strengthened
52

ACTIVITIES
Discussing and developing a coordinated list of national environmental indicators
Discussing and developing a coordinated list of regional environmental indicators
Establishing national and regional geographic information systems
Discussing and developing a coordinated Agreement related to information exchange
Providing support to countries in establishing an information system based on Internet
technologies
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Environmental indicators developed
Information databases useful for decision making, and easily accessible
An Agreement on the exchange of information in place
Managers, decision makers, and professionals will have access to reliable information on the
state of environment
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET:
$550,000 - including:
$120,000 – to procure licensed software
$280,000 – to develop indicators, to draft an Agreement, to assist in the establishment of geographic
information systems
$150,000 – to conduct seminars, discussions and approval of an Agreement

53

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.6

Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The proposed project is aimed at promoting the application of new technologies in agriculture,
reducing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, saving liquid fuel, and contributing
to more sustainable development.
BACKGROUND
Climate changes in Central Asia are closely connected to the countries’ general environmental
conditions and economic development. According to experts, Central Asia glaciers will loose about
30% of their mass by 2020 and, if the present rate of emissions continues, there may be no glaciers
left by 2050. The effect on the environment is difficult to predict. However, reducing the emission of
greenhouse gases and polluting substances can reduce the impact.
There are technologies developed to retain a considerable amount of carbon dioxide in the soil. This
is a new “green revolution” for increasing food production and improving the environment using
Mini-till and No-till technologies.
Previous and On-Going Projects
Pilot studies funded by UNDP (including Sustainable Rangeland Management and Strengthening the
capacity in the field of sustainable development through integration of climate change issues into
strategic planning in the Republic of Kazakhstan) have demonstrated that improved agricultural
practices can reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere caused by human
activities by 10% within 25 years. They can also improve soil conditions, the quality of crops,
eliminate soil erosion and desertification, and protect biological diversity.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,680,000
BENEFICIARIES: State agencies in charge of environment, NGOs, and the general public
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, Ministries of Agriculture,
Scientific Information Centre of ICWC, IFAS Branches.
OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
A quantitative assessment in terms of the carbon potential of the Central Asia states undertaken
A list of quantitative indicators of carbon sequestration in the application of various methods of
land use drawn up
An interstate inventory register of carbon potential established
A Draft Strategy to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide through the introduction of new methods
of land use in the agricultural sector of the Aral Sea basin developed
Greenhouse gas emissions reduced
54

The absorption of carbon dioxide by soil and vegetation increased

ACTIVITIES
Developing a regional information database on the sources of greenhouse gases in the
agricultural sector
Preparing pilot projects to assess the carbon potential in the Central Asia
Identifying pilot areas for specific focus
Researching the needs of the agricultural sector in the region for technical assistance to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions
Introducing new methods of land use in the pilot areas to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Establishing quantitative indicators for carbon sequestration in the pilot areas
Creating an interstate inventory of carbon potential
Developing of a strategy to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide in the agrarian sector of the Aral
Sea Basin for 2016-2020
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
An Assessment of the carbon potential completed
Draft Recommendations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions developed
Indicators for carbon sequestration identified
Interstate carbon inventory register set up
Draft Strategy to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide developed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET

$1,680,000- including:

$400,000 – to develop a regional information database, a carbon inventory, to prepare pilot sites
and develop a regional strategy to reduce carbon dioxide emissions
$1,200,000 - for activities on pilot sites and to procure required equipment
$80,000 – to conduct seminars, workshops, and dissemination of information

55

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.7

Evaluation of Snowpack, Solar Radiation Distribution and Radiation Balance in the
Mountain area of Central Asia

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
This project is aimed at establishing the glacial conditions in Central Asia, including the number, size
and volume of glaciers and the distribution of radiation components.
BACKGROUND
The glaciers of the Amu Darya and Syrdarya basins are the most important sources of fresh water in
Central Asia. Glacial conditions are largely determined by the distribution of solar energy and solar
radiation intensity. However, there is no reliable data on the number of glaciers, their size and
volume.
This kind of data is needed to assess changes in water reserves accumulated in glaciers and to
forecast water flow. It is also necessary to plan the development of water-related sectors.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $680,000
BENEFICIARIES: Hydrometeorological services of Central Asia and state administrations
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Hydro-meteorological Services, Ministry of Environment Protection
(Kyrgyzstan), Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, Institute of Water Problems and
Environment of Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, GeoKOD (Kazakhstan).
OUTCOMES
Understanding of climate change impact on glacial conditions in Central Asia improved
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
Data on the snowpack in Amudarya and Syrdarya river basins collected
Data on the distribution of the radiation components collected
Snowpack forecasts developed taking into consideration various climate change scenarios
Water reserves in glaciers assessed
Reliable information on the distribution of the solar radiation in the region obtained
Data on future water flows for the entire Aral Sea Basin, taking into consideration climate
change, collected
Proposals for the possible use of solar energy in the region developed
ACTIVITIES
Analyzing of available data and information
Assessing levels of snowpack within the Aral Sea basin
Establishing a GIS database of glaciers and GIS database of solar radiation components
Developing a forecast of snowpack for various climate change scenarios
Developing a long-term runoff forecast for the Amu Darya and Syrdarya rivers
56

Assessing the snowpack and its dynamics in the Amu Darya and Syrdarya river basins
Assessing the solar radiation balance and solar radiation distribution in the Amu Darya and
Syrdarya river basins
Assessing the solar energy distribution in the Amu Darya and Syrdarya river basins
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
The area of the current snowpack is determined with 5% accuracy
The volume of the current snowpack is determined with 15% accuracy
The solar radiation is determined with 10% accuracy
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET

$680,000 - including:

$400,000 – to assess the area of current snowpack in the Aral Sea basin, to develop a database of
glaciers and on solar radiation, to forecast snowpack in accordance with various scenarios of climate
change and long-term forecast of changes in the runoff from rivers, to develop proposals on the
options to utilize solar energy within the region
$200,000 – to procure satellite images and other information required
$80,000 – to conduct seminars and workshops, as well as for dissemination of information

57

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.8

Natural Disaster Risk Management

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at reducing the level of risk from natural disasters to the local population,
agricultural lands and infrastructure, in the mountain area in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
The mountain area in the region is considered as an area prone to both dangerous natural
phenomena and anthropogenic factors. These risks are topographic, geo-physical, hydrological,
climatic and man-made and include flooding, land-slides, mud-slides, avalanches, and earthquakes.
Floods and mudslides are caused by heavy rain and intensive snow melting. High water in the rivers
coupled with mudslides can damage settlements, infrastructures, and agricultural land.
In addition, irrational land use and human activity, together with climate factors, worsen the impacts
caused by natural disasters.
It is impossible to completely eliminate the risk of natural disasters. However, it is possible mitigate
the consequences by managing the risks.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

To be determined

BENEFICIARIES: Organizations responsible for water resource management and environmental
conservation, and government ministries responsible for emergency
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, Ministries of Emergency,
Ministry of Agriculture and Water resources of Uzbekistan, JSC Kyrgyzsuudolboor, IFAS Branch in
Tajikistan, IFAS Branch in Turkmenistan.
OUTCOMES
Natural disaster impacts mitigated
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
List of mitigation measures developed
Recommendations on the safe locations of infrastructures in pilot areas developed
Feasibility study on mud flow protection structures (control reservoirs) in pilot areas undertaken
List of river bed training measures in pilot areas on Amu Darya river banks developed
A Draft Action Plan to mitigate the impact of natural disasters in the pilot sites developed
A Draft Action Plan and Design to protect a pilot site at the bank of the Amu Darya river
developed
ACTIVITIES

58

Developing an Action Plan for pilot sites to mitigate the impact of natural disasters (floods,
landslides, mudslides, avalanches, earthquakes)
Developing a list of recommendations for the safe location of infrastructures in pilot sites
Conducting a feasibility study on the development of mudflow control reservoirs at three pilot
sites:
- Ayakchinsky on the river Ayakchi in Kitab district of Kashkadarya region (Uzbekistan)
- Aravan anti-mudflow reservoir on the river Aravan-Sai (Kyrgyzstan)
- Shaydansky on the river Shaydan in Jalalabad Oblast (Kyrgyzstan)
Developing an Action Plan and Design of Amu Darya river bank protection for a pilot site
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A List of mitigation measures drawn up
Recommendations on the safe locations of infrastructures at pilot areas developed
A Feasibility study for mud flow protection structures at pilot sites undertaken
A List of river bed training measures at pilot sites on Amu Darya river banks developed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET

To be determined

59

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.1.9

Man-made Disaster Risk Reduction in Mountain Areas

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at reducing the level of risk from man-made disasters to the local population,
agricultural lands and infrastructure, in the mountain area in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
There are a large number of abandoned mines in the mountain area of the Aral Sea basin and they
pose a high risk to the environment, to local facilities, and to the local population. This risk is made
worse by local topographic, geophysical, hydrological and climatic conditions.
The main problems are tailings (abandoned waste) and mine dumps located in river valleys which
require rehabilitation and specialist interventions to prevent possible disasters.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$450,000

BENEFICIARIES: Ministries of emergency, agencies responsible for environment protection, local
population
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: State Water Resources Committee of Kyrgyzstan, Scientific Information
Centre of ICWC, Central Asian Centre of Applied Earth Sciences (Kyrgyzstan), Ministries of
Emergency, Tajikistan Branch of Central Asian Mountain Centre, Tajikistan Branch of ICSD, IFAS
Branch in Tajikistan.
OUTCOMES
Man-made disaster impacts mitigated
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
A risk assessment of tailing facilities and mountain dumps in the Aral Sea basin undertaken
Proposals for organization of monitoring risks and facilities drawn up
Proposals on monitoring tailings and dumps in the Aral Sea basin developed, discussed and
submitted for approval to the relevant agencies
A long-term regional reclamation program of tailings and dumps for 2016 -2026 developed,
discussed and submitted for approval to the relevant agencies
ACTIVITIES
Undertaking a risk assessment of tailings and waste dumps
Developing a list of proposals for monitoring of facilities at risk
Developing a long-term regional reclamation program of tailings and dumps

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
60

A list of risks and possible failure impacts of tailings and mine dumps developed
Proposals for monitoring tailings and the mine dumps developed and ready for approval
A Regional Program on the reclamation of land, tailings, and mine dumps developed and ready
for approval
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$450,000 - including:
$350,000 – to undertake risk assessment, and to develop proposals for a monitoring system
$100,000 – to conduct seminars and workshops, to prepare and disseminate information

61

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.2.1

A Regional Biological Diversity Monitoring System

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the monitoring of biological diversity in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
The conservation of biological diversity is an important component of sustainable development. Yet,
it is almost impossible to control the diversity of biological resources without monitoring, and
without the appropriate data and information needed to build predictions.
Currently, the monitoring of biological diversity in Central Asian countries does not exist.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$1,150,000

BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for environment protection
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, , Institute of Geography of
Academy of Sciences (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Agriculture (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Education
(Kazakhstan), Ministry of Industry and Technologies (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Development and
Trade (Kazakhstan), Local Authorities, State Water Resources Committee (Kyrgyzstan), Scientific
Information Centre ICWC, Institute.
OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Environmental protection in Central Asia improved
Biological diversity management in Central Asia region improved
OUTPUTS
National GIS biological diversity databases established
A regional environmental geographic information system related to biological diversity
established
An Agreement on biological diversity information exchange ready for approval
A regional and national database on biological diversity established
Proposals for the establishment of a regional monitoring system of biological resources
developed
ACTIVITIES
Developing a methodology for the establishment of the national and regional databases related
to biological resources and biological diversity
Developing proposals for the establishment of a regional monitoring system of biological
resources
Developing proposals for the establishment of a regional GIS database of biological diversity
Undertaking an assessment of the condition of bio-resources and their development trends
Establishing a GIS-based national biological diversity database
Establishing a GIS-based regional biological diversity database
Drafting an Agreement on biological diversity information exchange
62

Discussing, agreeing and submitting a proposal on a biological diversity information exchange to
the relevant authorities for approval
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A methodology for the regional assessment of the status of biological resources discussed,
agreed and submitted for approval to the appropriate authorities of the Central Asia states
A proposal for the development of a regional network to monitor biodiversity in protected areas
discussed, agreed and submitted for approval to the appropriate authorities of the Central Asia
states
Regional and national databases of biological resources established
The development of a Regional biodiversity restoration program for 2016-2020 in progress
The development of an Agreement on information exchange in progress
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$1,150,000 - including:
$800,000 – to establish national and regional databases, to develop the regional monitoring of
biological resources, to develop an information exchange agreement on biodiversity, to assess the
state of bio-resources of the region and to establish development trends
$ 250,000 – to procure licensed software
$100,000 – to conduct seminars workshops, and prepare and disseminate information

63

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.2.2

Flora Endangered Species in the Aral Sea Basin

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
This project is aimed at improving the biological diversity of flora endangered species, and raising
the international profile of flora endangered species in the Aral Sea Basin.
BACKGROUND
Biological diversity serves as the basis for maintaining life-supporting functions of the human being
and the biosphere in general. For the Aral Sea basin, where there is a sharp reduction in diversity,
one main regional problem is the maintenance of wild flora biological diversity.
The current problems in the region are as follows:
Reduction of diversity of species inherent to the Region
Disappearance of communities of natural flora
The project would improve national and regional monitoring systems of wild flora; it would develop
a Draft Regional Program on conservation of natural ecosystems for a period of 2016 -2020 and
would prepare and publish ‘The Red Book of Wild Flora of the Aral Sea basin’, as well as handbooks
on the cultivation, collection and use of wild plants.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $450,000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for environment protection, research institutions, local
communities
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, Ministry of Agriculture
(Kazakhstan), Ministry of Education (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Industry and Technologies
(Kazakhstan), Ministry of Development and Trade (Kazakhstan), Local Authorities, Taraz State
University (Kazakhstan), Centre BioEcoSan (Uzbekistan), IFAS Branch in Nukus (Uzbekistan).
OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Environmental protection in Central Asia improved
Biological diversity management in Central Asia region improved
Protection and conservation of wild flora
OUTPUTS
The Red Book of wild plants in the Aral Sea basin published
Methodological handbook on the cultivation, collection and use of wild plants published
Nurseries for rare and endangered species of wild flora established
A national and regional monitoring system of wild flora biological diversity established
A map of wild vegetation trends in the Aral Sea region and in the mountain area of Central Asia
developed
A Draft Regional Program for the conservation of natural ecosystems for 2016 -2020 developed
ACTIVITIES
64

Undertaking an assessment of the distribution of wild flora
Building an inventory of ecosystems, particularly valuable species, ranges of unique, rare,
endangered, relict and endemic species
Improving national and developing regional monitoring systems of wild flora
Reviewing the existing rate of collection of wild plants taking into account the prevailing
environmental conditions
Developing recommendations on the rate of collection
Developing methodology and guidelines for the establishment of nurseries and plantations to
cultivate rare and endangered wild species of flora
Training staff to establish nurseries and cultivate wild species of flora
Running a public awareness campaign on the importance of biodiversity and conserving natural
resources
Preparing and publishing The Red Book of wild plants in the Aral Sea region
Preparing and publishing handbooks on cultivation, collection and use of wild plants
Developing a long-term program for the preservation of wild flora in the Aral Sea basin for
approval
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A secured area of natural habitat of wild vegetation in the Aral Sea region and the mountains
area of the Central Asia established
A list of rare and endangered species of wild plants of the Region published
Handbooks on the cultivation, collection and use of wild plants published
Nurseries to cultivate rare and endangered species established
Plantations of rare and endangered species established
A long-term program for the preservation of wild flora in the Aral Sea basin developed and ready
for approval
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$450,000 - including:
$200,000 – to develop an inventory of ecosystems, to develop methodology and guidelines for
setting up nurseries and plantations, and to improve and develop national and regional systems for
monitoring wild flora and biological diversity
$150,000 – to draft and publish the Regional Red Book, and to prepare information materials
$100,000 – to procure licensed software, to train and disseminate information, and to conduct
training

65

Aral Sea Basin Program
2.2.3

Fauna Endangered Species in the Aral Sea Basin

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
This project is aimed at improving the biological diversity of fauna endangered species, and raising
the international profile of fauna endangered species in the Aral Sea Basin.
BACKGROUND
Biological diversity serves as the basis for maintaining life-supporting functions of the human being
and the biosphere in general. For the Aral Sea basin, where there is a sharp reduction in the
diversity, one of the main regional problems is the maintenance of the biological diversity of wild
fauna.
The current problems in the region are as follows:
Reduction of diversity of inherent to the Region species;
Disappearance of natural fauna communities.
A reduction in the numbers and the diversity of animal and fish species is being observed around the
Aral Sea. However, the situation would be improved by the establishment of fish farming ponds for
reproduction of rare and endangered species of fish. Regular seeding by fingerlings and improving
the environmental conditions of the deltas would also increase biodiversity and fish productivity.
It is also proposed to undertake a study to develop a directory of vertebrate animals under threat in
the Region.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $2,500,000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for environment protection, research institutions, local
communities
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Environment Protection, Ministry of Agriculture
(Kazakhstan), Ministry of Education (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Industry and Technologies
(Kazakhstan), Ministry of Development and Trade (Kazakhstan), Local Authorities, State Water
Resources Committee (Kyrgyzstan), Scientific Information Centre ICWC.
OUTCOMES
Environmental conditions in the region improved
Environmental protection in Central Asia improved
Biological diversity management in Central Asia region improved
Protection and conservation of wild fauna
OUTPUTS
The Red Book of the fauna in the Aral Sea basin published
Protected areas for conservation and breeding of rare and endangered wild species established
A natural reserve for Saiga antelopes (Saiga tatarica) established on Vozrozhdeniye peninsula
Fish breeding ponds established
A draft long-term regional program on the conservation of wild fauna developed, discussed with
stakeholders and submitted for approval to the relevant institutions.
66

ACTIVITIES
Surveying the territory to determine the distribution of endangered animals and fish
Developing an inventory of ecosystems, the most valuable communities, the habitat, and the
distribution of rare and endangered species of animals and fish
improving national and developing regional monitoring systems of biological diversity
Reviewing current rates of harvest of wild animals and fish, into account the prevailing
environmental conditions
Preparing documentation for the establishment of a protected area (natural reserve) on
Vozrozhdeniye peninsula
Establishing fish breeding ponds
Training farmers and fishermen in new techniques, new equipment and new technology
Running a public awareness campaign on the importance of biodiversity and conserving natural
resources
Preparing and publishing the Red Book of Wild Fauna
Developing a long-term regional program for conservation of wild life in the Aral Sea basin
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Fish breeding ponds developed and constructed
A nature reserve on the Vozrozhdeniye peninsula established
A list of rare and endangered species of fauna in the Region published
A long-term program for the preservation of wild fauna in the Aral Sea basin developed and
ready for approval
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$2,500,000 - including:
$400,000 – to develop inventories and surveys, to improve national and develop regional systems
for monitoring fauna, to develop natural reserves, and design facilities
$2,000,000 – to procure, construct, and assemble equipment
$100,000 - to procure licensed software, to train and disseminate information, and to conduct
training

67

IFAS Project Proposals
DIRECTION 3
3.1.1

IMPROVING RURAL LIVELIHOODS

69

3.1.2

IMPROVING GRAZING LANDS – ARAL SEA REGION

3.1.3

USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN RURAL AREAS 73

3.2.1

RURAL DRINKING WATER - IMPROVED ACCESS 75

3.2.2

IMPROVING MEDICAL HEALTHCARE OF RURAL POPULATION 77

3.3.1

IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION IN RURAL AREAS

71

79

68

Aral Sea Basin Program
3.1.1

Improving Rural Livelihoods

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the living conditions of rural population in the vicinity of the
Aral Sea.
BACKGROUND
The issue of living standards for people living near the Aral Sea is a problem. Per capita income of
rural population living near the Aral Sea remains the lowest in the region. About 44% of the
population lives below the poverty line and the official unemployment rate exceeds 7%. In addition,
the income of the rural population of the Aral Sea region is actually declining.
One solution to this is to offer practical assistance to the rural population by supporting the
establishment and/or development of private small enterprises, creating new jobs, and increasing
labor efficiency.
Increasing the production of fish in fish ponds is one option. This may require changes in the
business environment and/or changes in ownership. For example, the use of long-term leasing
arrangements will allow the use of intensive technologies for marketable fish breeding.
Another promising way of increasing agricultural productivity is to encourage greenhouse
cultivation. The introduction of modern technologies will increase crop production and will also
allow valuable products, such as early vegetables which are a scarce commodity in the region, to be
grown.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $730,000
BENEFICIARIES: Population, farmers, local authorities
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, Fishery Institute (Kazakhstan), Nukus Branch of EC IFAS,
Nukus Agrarian University, Fishery Institute (Uzbekistan), Farmers Association (Uzbekistan), NGO Eco
Forum (Uzbekistan), Scientific Research Institute of Chemistry and Pharmacology (Uzbekistan).
OUTCOMES
Socio-economic development improved
Agricultural productivity increased
Rural livelihoods improved
OUTPUTS
Pond fishing farms established at pilot sites
Best practice on management, ownership, fish breeding and sales disseminated
Best practice on cultivation technologies, cropping, greenhouses and sales disseminated
A feasibility study on the potential for developing ecological tourism undertaken
A feasibility study on the potential for developing the collection of herbs as an income source
undertaken
ACTIVITIES
69

Fish Farming
Selecting a few pilot sites in the Aral Sea region to develop pond fish farms
Exploring the market opportunities for fish farmers
Assisting in establishing relationships with suppliers and customers
Equipping ponds and procuring breeding material (fingerlings)
Training farmers with the skills needed to manage fish farms effectively
Greenhouses
Selecting a few pilot sites in the Aral Sea region to develop the use of greenhouses
Assisting with the selection of the most promising crops suitable for growing
Exploring the market opportunities for greenhouse growers
Acquiring the necessary materials and equipment
Training farmers with the skills needed to manage greenhouses effectivel
Ecological Tourism and Herb Collection
Undertaking a feasibility study on the potential for ecological tourism
Undertaking a feasibility study on the potential for the collection of herbs as an income source
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
4 pond fishing farms established
10 greenhouses established
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET:
$730,000 - including:
$250,000 – to find suitable locations for fish ponds, selection of species, locations for greenhouses,
selection of crops, study of markets and the selection of suppliers
$400,000 – to purchase necessary materials and equipment, fingerlings, and seeds
$80,000 - to run the feasibility studies on ecotourism and herb collection

70

Aral Sea Basin Program
3.1.2

Improving Grazing Lands – Aral Sea Region

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the food security and environmental and socio-economic
conditions in the Aral Sea region.
BACKGROUND
Overgrazing and soil depletion are major environmental problems in the Aral Sea region. Grazing
pressures exceed the limits of natural regeneration of pasture ecosystems, contributing to the
expansion of desertification. In addition, due to the lack of irrigation, 37% of more than 6.3 million
hectares of desert pastures cannot be used by farmers.
Unfortunately, land users have no incentives to improve the management of pastures or to use
natural resources rationally. There is also a lack of regulatory framework to accumulate funds for
environmental protection.
On-going or Previous Projects
A number of projects are already in place to develop recommendations on soil erosion control of
sandy pastures; to establish local irrigation systems based on ground water sources; to develop
technology and measures to prevent desertification of pastures in Moyinkums and Kyzylkums
deserts; and to develop environmentally friendly management of pastures. These include:
Application of satellite information to monitor grazing lands Development and application (ISTC),
Development of phyto-reclamation measures to combat desertification of grazing lands in Moiynkum
and Kyzylkum deserts (Kazakhstan) and Rehabilitation of grazing lands in the Aral Sea vicinity
(Kazakhstan).
However, revitalizing an oasis based irrigation system to produce fodder crops would increase
productivity and reduce grazing pressure on ecosystems. In addition, introducing soil conditioners
would increase pasture productivity and protect the environment.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $630,000
BENEFICIARIES: Population, public administration
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministry of Environment Protection (Kazakhstan, Scientific Research
Institute of Water Resources (Kazakhstan), Scientific Research Institute of Environment and
Climatology (Kazakhstan), Kazakhstan Branch of EC IFAS, National Technical University (Kazakhstan).
OUTCOMES
Socio-economic development improved
Environment of Aral Sea region improved
Energy supply to rural population improved
OUTPUTS
A regional program for sustainable management of pastures developed
Real-time monitoring of pastures for sustainable management of natural resources restored
71

Regional program to encourage oasis type of irrigation systems to produce fodder crops,
ensuring high productivity of land and reducing grazing pressure on ecosystems developed
Soil conditioners to increase pasture productivity and to improve environment conditions
introduced
Database of desert pastures for the Aral Sea region established and maintained
Recommendations on sustainable pasture management developed
ACTIVITIES
Developing a program for monitoring of pastures and testing it at pilot sites
Developing a database of pastures for the Aral Sea region based on GIS technologies
Developing and discussing with stakeholders recommendations on sustainable management of
pastures
Demonstrating the effectiveness of soil conditioners and plant growth stimulants at pilot sites
Developing and discussing with stakeholders a regional program on oasis type irrigation of
pastures
Conducting an information campaign to disseminate lessons learned
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
An environmental monitoring system for pilot pastures established
Database of pastures
Productivity of fodder crops increased by 15%
Recommendations on sustainable management of pastures have been developed and discussed
with stakeholders and submitted to the relevant authorities for approval and adoption
A regional program on oasis irrigation of pastures has been designed and discussed with
stakeholders and submitted to the relevant authorities for approval and adoption
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET:
$630,000 - including
$250,000 – to develop the system of environmental monitoring of pastures, to create the database
on the status of pastures in the Aral Sea region, to develop recommendations for sustainable
pasture management, and to develop a regional program on oasis irrigation of pastures
$200,000 – to purchase the software, satellite images and equipment for pilot sites
$80,000 – to cover communication costs
$100,000 – to conduct seminars, meetings, trainings, publish and disseminate information
Aral Sea Basin Program

72

3.1.3

Use of Renewable Energy in Rural Areas

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the socio-economic conditions and protecting the environment
the Aral Sea region.
BACKGROUND
Today there is a problem of energy supply to farms, particularly those located in remote areas away
from the cities. Acute fuel shortages and the difficulties in delivering fuel to remote areas force
people to use wood and bush vegetation as fuel and this is leading to the destruction of forests.
The conversion of farms to available non-traditional energy sources would raise their living
standards and would prevent the negative impact of deforestation on the environment.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$950,000

BENEFICIARIES: Farms, public government
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Scientific Research Institute of Water Resources (Kazakhstan), GeoKod
(Kazakhstan), Local Authorities of Kyzylorda Region (Kazakhstan), Scientific Research Institute of
Hydro-energy and Ecology (Tajikistan), EC IFAS Branch in Tajikistan, Ministry of Public Health
(Kazakhstan), Farmers Association (Uzbekistan), Regional Centre on Renewable Energy Resources.
OUTCOMES
Socio-economic development improved
Environment of Aral Sea region improved
Energy supply to rural population improved
OUTPUTS
Energy supply to rural population increased and improved
Greenhouse gas emissions reduced
An assessment of wind, solar and hydropower of pilot sites undertaken
Recommendations on the use of specific types of non-conventional renewable sources of energy
developed
Project proposals on energy supply to pilot sites developed
ACTIVITIES
Selecting pilot sites to obtain and further disseminate experience of using non-conventional
renewable sources of energy in rural areas
Undertaking an assessment of wind, solar and hydropower potential of pilot sites
Developing energy supply projects, including small hydropower plants, wind, solar and biogas
plants, for the pilot sites
Sharing information with stakeholders and general public about lessons learned under the
project
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Feasibility of using non-conventional renewable sources of energy demonstrated
73

Proposals to improve energy supply to rural settlements developed
Recommendations to reduce fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions ready for
discussion and approval
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET
$950,000 - including:
$800,000 – to prepare assessments of wind, solar and hydropower potential, develop proposals to
improve energy supplies, and develop recommendations to reduce fossil fuel consumption and
greenhouse gas emissions
$150,000 - to conduct seminars and discussions, and disseminate information on lessons learned

74

Aral Sea Basin Program
3.2.1

Rural Drinking Water - Improved Access

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the safety and sustainability of drinking water supply systems in
rural areas.
BACKGROUND
Central Asian states are concerned about protecting the environment and improving healthcare. This
includes issues related to the improvement of drinking water supply systems to ensure access to
high quality drinking water for all. All Central Asian states have confirmed the need to improve the
quality of services related to water supply, specifically with respect to safety, reliability, efficiency
and financial sustainability.
However, the majority of drinking water supply systems are in poor condition and need to be
rehabilitated or reconstructed and this is particularly relevant for rural areas. According to
assessments conducted, about 25% of settlements have no access to piped water systems. About
55% of settlements receive water from piped water supply systems for less than 6 hours per day and
only 10% have access to safe water. The drinking water supply services are unable to ensure the
level of safety required and many rural settlements consume water from irrigation canals.
Existing drinking water supply systems for rural areas need to be either rehabilitated or replaced.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES:

Ministries of communal services, water utilities, rural population

PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Central Asian Regional Ecological Centre, Scientific Research Institute of
Water Resources (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Agriculture (Kazakhstan), ), Local Authorities of Kyzylorda
Region (Kazakhstan), Kyzylorda Medical Centre (Kazakhstan), State Environment Protection
Committee (Kyrgyzstan), Dashoguz Branch of EC IFAS, Nukus Branch of EC IFAS, Design Institute
Uzkommunhismat (Uzbekistan).
OUTCOMES
Water supply and distribution improved
Public health improved
OUTPUTS
Amount of population with sustainable access to safe drinking water increased
Number of repaired or restored systems increased
Quantity of breaks of water supply systems decreased
Efficiency of drinking water supply systems improved
ACTIVITIES
Repairing, rehabilitating, or replacing drinking water supply systems
Strengthening the institutional structure of water utilities
Developing tariffs to secure the long-term operation of systems
75

Phase One
Running a feasibility study to explore outsourcing options with private enterprise
Undertaking social surveys
Informing general public and stakeholders
Undertaking an environmental assessment of the project
Phase Two
Procuring the necessary work and equipment
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
100% Population in pilot sites have access to safe water supply system
Tariffs and payments for drinking water supply agreed and in place
Private companies involved in provision of drinking water supply services
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET

To be determined

76

Aral Sea Basin Program
3.2.2

Improving Medical Healthcare of Rural Population

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the provision and quality of medical assistance to overcome
problems associated with epidemic and chronic diseases.
BACKGROUND
Latest assessments of public health made by the World Health Organization (WHO) using key
indicators, such as mortality rate caused by chronic diseases, show there are problems with
healthcare in the countries of Central Asia.
According to the WHO, over the past few years, the main cause of mortality associated with noncommunicable and chronic diseases in Central Asian countries accounted for more than 90% of
cases; and the mortality rate associated with the blood circulatory system has risen from 39% in
1999 to 56% in 2009. Causes of mortality associated with malignant tumors come next, and the
causes of mortality associated with respiratory diseases account for around 7% of all cases. At the
same time, according to the WHO, pediatric assistance was ineffective in 76% of cases.
One of the reasons behind the current situation is an underdeveloped infrastructure of medical
healthcare, outdated medical equipment and low-skilled doctors and nurses. In addition,
administrative and management personnel lack the capacity to manage the prevention and
treatment of chronic diseases, as well as to provide services to persons of middle and old age.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES:

Ministry of Public Health, populations, patients

PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Local Authorities of Kyzylorda Region (Kazakhstan), Kyzylorda Medical
Centre (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Public Health (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Public Health (Uzbekistan),
Scientific Research Institute of Chemistry and Pharmacology (Uzbekistan), Ministry of Environment
Protection (Uzbekistan).
OUTCOMES
Public health improved
Epidemic and chronic diseases reduced
OUTPUTS
Quality of medical services at district level improved
Epidemiological control of infectious diseases improved
Visits to medical facilities increased
Patient recovery rate increased
Patient death rate decreased
ACTIVITIES
Supplying district hospitals and clinics with medical equipment required
Ensuring regular maintenance of the equipment supplied
77

Assisting the Ministries of Public Health to improve the professional skills of practicing physicians
and nurses
Assisting the Ministries of Public Health to plan, implement new standards, and new
methodologies
Developing a program of preventive measures and public health promotion
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
100% of regional hospitals and clinics provided with important equipment
Number of practicing physicians and nurses with improved professional qualifications increased
Progress in developing and implementing standards of medical care
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET:

To be determined

78

Aral Sea Basin Program
3.3.1

Improvement of Education in Rural Areas

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at assisting Central Asian countries in their efforts to improve the effectiveness
and quality of education in schools and pre-school facilities in rural areas.
BACKGROUND
Development strategies of Central Asian countries include the improvement of education systems
and recently the funding of public education systems has significantly increased. However, a lack of
proper attention to this sector, particularly during the early 90’s, is reflected in the ineffectiveness of
education systems in general.
The main hindrances to effective teaching and learning are a lack of teachers with the necessary
level of professional training and competence, inadequate equipment, training materials and devices
in educational institutions, especially schools in rural areas and an inefficient use of available
information technologies. On top of this, there is uneven distribution of teachers and resources
between urban and rural schools. Schools located far from district and provincial centers often
receive less than a half of the resources that city schools receive.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: To be determined
BENEFICIARIES:

Ministry of Education, rural populations, students

PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministries of Education.
OUTCOMES
Education system improved
Academic progress of schoolchildren improved
OUTPUTS
Quality of rural education of schoolchildren improved
Access to finance for rural schools improved
School equipment in rural areas improved
Access to teacher training in rural areas improved
ACTIVITIES
Identifying schools in rural areas as pilots for project implementation
Improving access to appropriate educational materials
Assisting in the procurement of equipment for pilot schools
Upgrading the qualifications of primary school teachers in pilot schools
Training primary school teachers on interactive approaches to teaching in pilot schools
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Academic progress of schoolchildren in pilot schools increased by 15% in comparison to other
schools
79

The teachers at pilot schools have received special training in the use of interactive teaching
methods
Teacher training materials have been developed and are being used in the training process
The necessary equipment is procured and installed in schools and is used in the training process
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET:

To be determined

80

IFAS Project Proposals
DIRECTION 4
4.1.1

NATIONAL AND REGIONAL DIALOGUES – IWRM

4.1.2

WATER AND ENERGY USE – A COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC MODEL

4.1.3

A REGIONAL WATER CONVENTION FOR THE ARAL SEA BASIN 86

4.1.4

INTEGRATED ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE – WATER SECTOR

4.1.5

INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES, LEGAL FRAMEWORKS AND CAPACITY BUILDING - IRWM
90

4.1 6

82
84

88

NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORKS - CLIMATE CHANGE 92

4.2.1

LARGE HYDRAULIC STRUCTURE SAFETY – REGIONAL COOPERATION

94

4.2.2

INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND DATABASE

4.2.3

BUILDING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY – WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

4.3.1

BASIN WATER COUNCILS – REGIONAL COOPERATION ON WATER

4.4.1

SAFETY OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES - REGIONAL TRAINING SYSTEM 102

4.4.2

NATIONAL HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL SERVICES - REGIONAL TRAINING SYSTEM

4.4.3

WATER SECTOR STAFF - REGIONAL TRAINING SYSTEM 106

4.4.4

SAVING WATER

4.5.1

AWARENESS RAISING 110

96
98

100

104

108

81

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.1.1

National and Regional Dialogues – IWRM

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at providing support to countries of Central Asia to implement IWRM principles
at local, national and transboundary levels.
BACKGROUND
Central Asian countries face serious difficulties in the management of water resources. These
difficulties are made worse by rapid population growth, uneven distribution of resources and a lack
of coordination. The management of water resources needs to be radically improved. More effective
coordination between various ministries, departments and international organizations is needed,
plus new innovative technologies need to be introduced to help improve water efficiency and
reliability of water facilities and to improve the water management process.
The project would address the lack of coordination in water management at national level between
ministries and agencies, as well as between donors. In some countries the measures would focus on
building the capacity of the organizations in charge of strategic planning and implementation of
water management plans.
Cross-sectorial dialogue meetings at government level, in accordance with the principles of the
UNECE Water Convention, the Protocol on Water and Health, WHO/UNECE, the EU Water
Framework Directive and other instruments of the UNECE and European Union would be organized.
Their agenda would be to consider and discuss the issues on how to reduce water loss, and how to
build the capacity of personnel in ministries, in agencies and of water users themselves. They would
also discuss other issues related to integrated water resources management in Central Asian
countries at national, regional and local levels.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,650,000
BENEFICIARIES:

Government institutions, civil society, water users, local populations

PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: State Water Resource Committee (Kyrgyzstan), SIC ICWC, Hydromet
Services (Tajikistan), UNECE, Institute of Geography (Kazakhstan), JSC Parasat (Kazakhstan).
OUTCOMES
Institutional structures improved and developed
Legal structures improved and developed
Regional coordination on water management improved and developed
Millennium Development Goal aims addressed
OUTPUTS
National Coordination Councils established
IWRM principles in the regulatory legal acts of the partner countries introduced
Coordination Councils meet regularly at both the national and regional levels
Pilot projects in partner countries established
Information on the activities of the Coordination Councils and results available on the internet
82

IWRM principles in the national legislation of the partner countries (codes, laws, regulatory acts
etc.) introduced
Protection and management of natural resources (in accordance with the provisions of the
UNECE Water Convention, the Protocol on Water and Health, WHO / UNECE, the EU Water
Framework Directive and other tools for the UNECE and the European Union) improved
ACTIVITIES
National Activities
Establishing national coordination councils in the partner countries to organize the process of
dialogue, governance by analytical work and public awareness by the international organizations
Conducting regular meetings of the Coordination Councils (one or two meetings annually)
Arranging annual consultations with representatives of various sectors of government
organizations, NGOs, scientific community to work out the private sector and long-term
programs and strategies for dialogue meetings
Preparing and implementing the pilot projects at national and local levels based on the thematic
priorities of the governments of partner countries
Regional Activities
Organizing an annual regional forum with participation of representatives from ministries of the
partner countries
Arranging at least one regional thematic conference or workshop per year
Working out and implementing the regional pilot projects based on the priorities made by the
representatives of partner countries
Arranging the exchange of information through a project web page
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
IWRM principles in national legislation of the partner countries (codes, laws, regulatory acts etc.)
introduced
At least 3 meetings of the National Coordination Councils and 3 meetings of the Regional
Coordination Council in each country during the Project implementation phase
At least one project in each of the partner countries and one regional project worked out and
implemented
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,650,000 - including:
$1,200,000 - to establish national dialogues, including coordination, pilot projects, two meetings of
Coordination Councils per year and administrative expenses
$450,000 - to conduct regional meetings

83

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.1.2

Water and Energy Use – A Comprehensive Economic Model

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at reviewing regional policies and institutions involved in transboundary
integrated water resources in order to develop a new comprehensive economic model for use in
the region.
BACKGROUND
The Agreement on Water Management of 1992 has greatly contributed to a conflict-free use of
water resources in the Aral Sea basin. However, it lacks a clear institutional framework; it fails to
consider sector interests, and does not have a coherent economic model for integrating the
management and protection of water resources. Therefore, it is not effective and often is not
respected, especially in low water years. The main problem remains the harmonized management of
large reservoirs.
Climate change will make the situation worse. According to projections prepared by the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, climatic changes will lead to a reduction in rainfall in
Central Asia. This is a direct threat to water availability in the largest rivers of Central Asia.
Accordingly, the decrease of water availability will impact on the management of reservoirs in the
basins of the Amu Darya and Syrdarya, with potential negative consequences for the whole
economic situation in Central Asia.
In the future, even if the measures on reducing greenhouse gases and their accumulation in the
atmosphere are taken immediately, global climate change will still continue and will have a vast
impact on all aspects of human activity.
This development is both a challenge and an opportunity for Central Asian countries to jointly find
ways of using and protecting their water resources profitably.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,000,000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for management of water resources and irrigation
infrastructure, water users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, State Water Resource Committee (Kyrgyzstan), Institute of
Geography (Kazakhstan), JSC Parasat (Kazakhstan).
OUTCOMES
Institutional development of water and energy sector in Central Asia
Legal and institutional structures improved and developed
The use of water resources in the region are protected, effectively managed and conflict-free
OUTPUTS
A regional economic model for integrated management of surface and ground waters in
accordance with the regional and national interests of the states of the region developed

84

A list of scenarios for the use of integrated water resources and preferred options for the
optimal short and long-term integrated operation of major reservoirs in the Aral Sea basin taking
into consideration climate changes developed
Software to model economic aspects of integrated use of surface and ground water resources
developed
Recommendations for institutional changes aimed at strengthening regional cooperation
developed
ACTIVITIES
Conducting an analysis of previous activities performed in the region under the technical and
financial support of international institutions
Undertaking a survey of economic evaluations and assessments of climate change impacts in the
region taking into consideration all water users (industry, agricultural, communal services etc.)
Conducting a comparative assessment of methodologies for economic evaluations
Developing an appropriate economic model for development options for integrated water
resources management in the region
Conducting public consultations and discussing results with international stakeholders
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
An appropriate software developed and test calculations completed
Options for the use of integrated water resources developed
Options for the optimal integrated operation of major reservoirs in the Aral Sea basin presented
for consideration to the parties concerned
A long-term agreement on interstate cooperation in water sector, proposed, discussed and
submitted for consideration in accordance with the procedures

START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,000,000 - including:
$800,000 – to develop, test and evaluate sensitivity of the software, to model and identify preferred
options for the optimal integrated regime of major reservoirs in the Aral Sea basin
$200,000 – to conduct consultations, meetings, seminars and conferences and to draft a long-term
agreement

85

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.1.3

A Regional Water Convention for the Aral Sea Basin

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at establishing mutually beneficial and mutually acceptable terms of comanagement, use and protection of water resources taking into account the interests of all countries of
Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the formation of independent states in Central Asia, water
allocation problems are now a regional issue rather than on-farm or inter-farm only. In addition, across
the region population growth has led to an increase of pressure on the environment and to the
intensification of desertification and global warming processes, while the general drying of the region
exacerbates the problem of fair water sharing.
This scarcity of water resource means the issue of the use of water of shared trans-boundary rivers,
reservoirs and ground water basins that are located on the territory of the several states is of critical
importance.
Unfortunately, the problem of shared use of water resources in Central Asia is becoming a serious
obstacle in settling regional and local conflicts, and relations between riparian countries are struggling.
It is crucial for the sustainable development of the region that the management of water resources of
Transboundary Rivers is cooperative and mutually agreeable. The region has no choice but to find a way
of forming a regional agreement on the sharing of water resources.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,000,000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure, water users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, State Water Resource Committee (Kyrgyzstan), UNECE,
Secretariat of ICWC.
OUTCOMES
Institutional structures improved and developed
Legal structures improved and developed
Regional coordination on water management improved and developed
Millennium Development Goal aims addressed
OUTPUTS
Links between stakeholders, including state institutions (relevant ministries and departments),
scientific and cultural community (representatives of art and science), members of NGOs, civil
society strengthened
Regional states’ position/views on the management, use and protection of water resources clarified
and aligned
Mutually acceptable approaches to addressing water resource problems freely discussed,
negotiated and agreed
86

A permanent regional working group of experts, including stakeholders and representatives from
different economic sectors, established
A list of conflict/contradiction free issues drawn up
Progress of on-going discussions and results shared with stakeholders and general public
A draft Regional Water Convention published and discussed at various levels, including public
hearings
A draft Regional Water Convention submitted for approval and ratification
An international meeting to finalise the formal ratification of the Regional Water Convention
conducted
ACTIVITIES
Preparing, organizing and conducting international meetings, seminars and conferences to discuss
issues related to the governance, use and protection of water resources
Setting up a Regional Working Group of Experts, which includes stakeholders and sectors to develop
mutually acceptable approaches to solving problems of management, use and protection of water
resources
Informing stakeholders about the problems related to the management, use and protection of
water resources, including the results of experts discussions
Drafting and discussing the Regional Water Convention
Submitting the draft Regional Water Convention to the state authorities of the Central Asian
countries according to the appropriate procedures for approval and ratification
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A Regional Working Group meets regularly
The positions and views of countries the joint management, use and protection of water resources
established
An agreed list of conflict/contradiction free issues
information regularly published in mass media about activities and achievements of the project
A draft Regional Water Convention published and discussed at various levels, including public
hearings
A draft Regional Water Convention submitted for approval and ratification
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,000,000 - including:
$400,000 – to draft Regional Water Convention
$600,000 – to conduct meetings of the Regional Working Group; to inform stakeholders and general
public; to prepare information, to organize and conduct seminars, conferences and other activities
related to the discussion of Draft Regional Water Convention

87

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.1.4

Integrated Adaptation to Climate Change – Water Sector

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at identifying the risks and the vulnerability of water infrastructure due to climate
change and developing adaptation strategies for the water sector, particularly for hydropower and
agriculture.
BACKGROUND
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in its Report # 4 firmly states that the increased
concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere caused by human activities has already led to
global climate change. In the future, even if the measures on reducing greenhouse gases and their
accumulation in the atmosphere are taken immediately, global climate change will still continue and will
have a vast impact on all aspects of human activity.
In Europe and Central Asia, this will result in an overall increase in precipitation in the northern region
and a reduction in the eastern and southern parts. Rainfall will become more intense with the increased
risk of sudden floods. Increasing temperature will have detrimental effects on glaciers and water
resources in the region that will negatively affect the production of agricultural products and
hydropower. Crops will need more water and river water flows will decrease and the production of
hydroelectric power will not be able to meet the increasing demand for electricity.
It is necessary to continue providing basic services to the public and industry, and at the same time to
develop and adopt a flexible and aim-oriented strategy on adaption to climate change in the region. The
focus should on water saving technologies and energy efficiency.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$ 1,100,000

BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure, water users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, Hydromet Services (Kyrgyzstan), Scientific Research Institute
KyrgNII Irrigation (Kyrgyzstan), Central Asian Institute of the Earth Applied Sciences (Kyrgyzstan), State
Environment Protection Committee (Kyrgyzstan), State Water Resource Committee (Kyrgyzstan),
Hydromet Services (Tajikistan), Scientific Research Institute TajNIIGIM (Tajikistan), Scientific Research
Institute on Energy and Ecology (Tajikistan), Ministry of Environment Protection (Uzbekistan), UNECE,
Secretariat of ICWC.
OUTCOMES
Institutional development of water and energy sector in Central Asia
Legal and institutional structures improved and developed
The use of water resources in the region are protected, effectively managed and conflict-free
OUTPUTS
Methodology to identify vulnerable areas of the infrastructure developed
Investment options for water infrastructure identified
Investment options for institutional development identified
88

A risk assessment for key sectors of the economy undertaken
Adaptation strategies to protect and ensure the sustainability of infrastructure to climate changes
developed
Options for regional and national strategies for adaptation to climate changes developed
ACTIVITIES
Conducting risk assessment for key sectors of the economy
Developing integrated adaptation strategies to protect infrastructures and ensure their
sustainability (particular attention will be paid to those economic sectors that have cumulative
impacts on other sectors)
Designing a methodology to identify vulnerable elements of infrastructures
Assisting stakeholders in identifying and determining the priority adaptation alternatives in respect
of vulnerable and risky elements of infrastructures in the key sectors
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Methodology for identification of vulnerable infrastructure elements developed, discussed and
agreed upon
Adaptation strategies to protect and ensure the sustainability of infrastructure to climate changes
developed
Benefits and costs options for different adaptation strategies to climate changes estimated
Investment options to water related infrastructures proposed
Investment options for institutional development proposed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2013

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $ 1,100,000 - including:
$ 800,000 - for undertaking risk assessment, developing adaptation strategies, methodology
development, and developing regional and national adaptation to climate change options
$ 300,000 – to conduct consultations, seminars, conferences and other activities under the Project

89

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.1.5

Institutional Structures, Legal Frameworks and Capacity Building - IRWM

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving institutional structures and legal frameworks to facilitate regional
cooperation on water resources management, and building capacity in accordance with the needs of
Central Asia states and regional organizations.
BACKGROUND
One of the prerequisites for sustainable and efficient management of water resources is the availability
of regional organizations with sufficient financial resources, which possess adequate human capacity
and act within an agreed legal framework based on the principles and norms of international laws and
advanced management principles.
The existing regulatory framework for regional cooperation in Central Asia needs modernization,
improvement and harmonization. It also needs to incorporate the key principles of integrated water
resources management (IWRM) and regional organizations need to be strengthened institutionally to
assist them in the cooperation and coordination process.
There is a risk that the problems faced over regional cooperation, and the approaches on how to
address them, are understood in differing ways. However, with enough wide-range discussion on the
issues related to improving cooperation in a step-by-step way, plus by building the human capacity of
those involved, this risk is reduced.
During the Heads of Central Asian States Meeting in April 2009 willingness was demonstrated at the
highest level to improve the institutional arrangements and the legal basis for regional cooperation.
Ongoing and Previous Projects
The project would be based on the results of the Regional Dialogue and Cooperation on Water
Resources Management project which is being implemented by the UNECE in cooperation with the
Executive Committee of IFAS under the assistance of GTZ.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $900,000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure, water users,
regional organizations
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: UNECE, FFEM (France), UNECE, EU, EC IFAS, ISDC, ICWC, Regional
Hydrological Centre, Central Asian Ecological Centre, BVO Amudarya, BVO Syrdarya.
OUTCOMES
Institutional structures improved and developed
Legal structures improved and developed
Regional coordination on water management improved and developed
Millennium Development Goal aims addressed
OUTPUTS
90

Positions of the regional states more mutually aligned
Road Map of measures to improve institutional arrangements and legal framework for water
resources management in Central Asia developed
Proposals for the development or updating the instruments of negotiation and legal framework,
including a list of documents which could form the negotiable basis for water management in
Central Asia developed
Human capacity of regional organizations improved
Cooperation among Central Asia states on issues related to water management improved
Global governance standards in regional organizations introduced
ACTIVITIES
In order to draft the Road Map and develop proposals for the list of international legal documents,
activities will include:
Conducting meetings of the Regional Working Group to discuss and agree key provisions of the Rod
Map, as well as proposals for contractual and legal instruments
Developing a list of legal documents for discussion
Arranging a broad discussion of the Draft Road Map and submit it for approval to the relevant
authorities in accordance with accepted procedures
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A Draft Road Map to improve institutional arrangements and legal framework for water
management in Central Asia developed, discussed and submitted for approval to the relevant
authorities
A list of contractual and legal instruments that should be developed or modernized, including a list
of documents to form the contractual basis for water management in Central Asia, ready for
approval
Improved human capacity of regional organizations
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $900,000 - including:
$100,000 - for Phase I (2011) to discuss and coordinate main statements of the Regional Plan for the
improvement of mechanisms, regulations, and legal basis for water management in Central Asia as well
as the List of documents required
$400,000 - for Phase II (2012-2013) – to discuss the Plan and measures required for its coordination and
endorsement
$400,000 - for phase III (2014- 2015) – to strengthen the capacity of regional organizations

91

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.1 6

National Legal Frameworks - Climate Change

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at building the capacity of Central Asian countries to strengthen national legal
frameworks to help them adapt to climate change.
BACKGROUND
Climate changes are obvious throughout Central Asia and available water resources are running low in
the rivers of the Region. This is leading to general water shortages and the increased threat of drought.
These climate changes are intensifying the desertification process, and increasing the vulnerability of
land resources and ecosystems. The resulting reduction in land productivity and water scarcity will lead
to negative consequences for agriculture, and represent a serious threat to food security in Central
Asian countries.
Increased public awareness is needed to help drive change, and new national laws must be
implemented to help mitigate the consequences of climate change.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,250,000
BENEFICIARIES: Ministry of Justice and the agencies responsible for environmental monitoring
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Ministry of Environment Protection (Kyrgyzstan), Gosvodtehnadzor
(Uzbekistan), UNECE, FFEM (France), Scientific Research Institute on Energy and Ecology (Tajikistan),
UNECE, Central Asian Regional Ecological Centre.
OUTCOMES
Institutional structures improved and developed
Legal structures improved and developed
Regional coordination on water management improved and developed
Kyoto protocol implementation
Climate change adaptation measures
OUTPUTS
Proposals to improve national legislation related to climate change and Kyoto Protocol developed
Proposals to design legal and regulatory instruments related to climate change and Kyoto Protocol
developed
Level of awareness of civil society and decision makers increased
A public awareness strategy on the need for changes to legislation developed, discussed and agreed
ACTIVITIES
Conducting a detailed evaluation of legislation and policies related to climate change
Identifying requirements for improving national laws and regulations
Developing proposals for improving and harmonizing legislation
Developing proposals on drafting new laws and regulations to promote decision making related to
climate change
92

Developing policies and programs to inform civil society, including politicians, lawyers and policy
makers about the need to improve national legislation
Developing a public awareness program and assisting in its implementation
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
National legislation and policies related to climate change documented for analysis
Legislative improvement program discussed and developed
A public awareness program established
Increased level of awareness of civil society and decision-makers by 25%
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,250,000 - including:
$950,000 – to plan, develop and harmonize operational strategies, develop proposals to improve
legislation and to draft legal documents
$300,000 – to conduct discussions, seminars and conferences

93

4.2.1

Large Hydraulic Structure Safety – Regional Cooperation

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at supporting long-term cooperation in Central Asia to ensure the safety of Large
Hydraulic Structures in the region.
BACKGROUND
Central Asian countries are concerned about conditions and safety of large hydraulic structures,
including large dams located at Transboundary Rivers. The natural aging of these structures, many of
which were built 40-50 years ago, requires thorough monitoring of their condition and level of
maintenance. Insufficient funding of maintenance leads to risk of hydraulic structure failure, and
respectively, increased risk to life, health, infrastructures, and environment. Recently, there have been
several major accidents in the Central Asian countries that caused considerable damages and caused
deaths, attracting increased attention to the issue of safety of hydraulic structures.
The legal and institutional base to support the safety of these structures is limited in Central Asia. In
addition, there is no regional platform to allow cooperating countries to identify areas and modalities of
cooperation, to take specific steps to harmonize their respective legislation and regulations, or to make
joint efforts to improve technical conditions and safety of hydraulic structures at interstate level.
Ongoing and Previous Projects
Recently, Central Asian countries have been actively cooperating with the UNECE Project Dam safety in
Central Asia: Capacity Building and Regional Cooperation carried out in close collaboration with the
Executive Committee of IFAS. Much has been achieved. Publications related to the regional water
management infrastructures, an analysis of legal and regulatory framework on safety issues, a Model
Law and a Model of Technical Regulations are among those achievements. In addition, a Regional
Agreement has been developed, some national legislation has already been amended and staff in some
departments have already had training to deal with the safety of structures.
Based on the achievements of the project mentioned above, the Central Asia states have expressed
their willingness to continue cooperating in the field of safety of hydraulic structures. In order to deepen
and focus cooperation on safety of hydraulic structures, the Central Asia states are interested in
establishing a regional institutional mechanism for long-term cooperation in this area, possibly in the
form of a regional working group under the auspices of IFAS.
ESTIMATED BUDGET:

$700,000

BENEFICIARIES: National authorities and divisions responsible for the security of dam safety, local
populations
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Gosvodtehnadzor (Uzbekistan), Scientific Research Institute on Energy and
Ecology (Tajikistan), State Water Resource Committee (Kyrgyzstan), EC IFAS Branch in Uzbekistan.
OUTCOMES
Institutional structures improved and developed
Legal structures improved and developed
Regional coordination on water safety improved and developed
Risk to life, health, infrastructures, and environment reduced
94

OUTPUTS
Regional cooperation on enhancing the safety of hydraulic structure located on transboundary rivers
improved
Final Draft Regional Agreement on safety of hydraulic structures submitted for consideration and
approval in accordance with national procedures in all countries of Central Asia
Draft harmonized legislation and technical regulations submitted for review and approval in
accordance with the national procedures of all Central Asian countries
Capacity of staff involved in the safety of hydraulic structures improved
ACTIVITIES
Improving and finalizing the Draft Regional Agreement on the safety of hydraulic structures
Improving and harmonizing the national regulatory frameworks and technical regulatory
documentation
Harmonizing the operating, safety, inspection, supervision and diagnostic rules of hydraulic
structures
Training operational staff and hydraulic structure safety specialists on emergency management
Carrying out joint surveys of the hydraulic structures
Facilitating an exchange of information on the state of watercourses and the technical condition of
hydraulic structures
Facilitating an exchange of information about floods and mudflows
Developing joint preparation and implementation of emergency response plans
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
A Regional Agreement in place
Model documents (legal and technical) developed and discussed
Joint activities to improve hydraulic structure safety at interstate level
Staff Training
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $700,000 - including:
$200,000 2011 - to complete Draft Regional Agreement on Cooperation in Dam Safety
$500,000 2012 – 2015 - to improve and harmonize national regulations and laws related to the dam
safety, conduct joint studies of dams, exchange of information related to the dam safety, for joint
rehabilitation actions under preparedness plans, and training

95

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.2.2

Information Management System and Database

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at increasing the efficiency of the water sector in Central Asia.
BACKGROUND
The main challenge of the water sector of Central Asia is to increase its efficiency. An Information
Management System (IMS) based on advanced management techniques and software could be used as
a tool to address the problem.
An IMS would provide specialists and decision makers with quick access to information needed, and
would be an effective tool for the development of well-grounded options for water management. It
could also be used as part of a national decision support system, an effective tool for supervision,
interagency and regional coordination and cooperation, and public awareness.
It is proposed to support the development of a unified information system for the water sector, based
on Web technologies consisting of inter-connected global network applications. The development of
such a system would coordinate activities, maintain GIS maps, improve access to hydrometeorological
information, improve environmental monitoring, help disseminate information to users and
professionals through websites and support information sharing between agencies at inter-state level.
It would also be used as a public platform (web site, forum, reception room) for water users.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,400,000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for water management and irrigation infrastructure, and water
users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: BVO Amudarya, SIC ICWC, Metrological Centre ICWC, Regional Hydrological
Centre, Scientific Research Institute KyrgNII Irrigation (Kyrgyzstan), State Environment Protection
Committee (Kyrgyzstan), State Water Resources Committee (Kyrgyzstan), Ministry of Agricultire
(Kazakhstan), GeoKOD (Kazakhstan), Hydromet Services (Tajikistan), Scientific Research Institute
TajNIIGIM (Tajikistan), Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI, ICWC.
OUTCOMES
Regional coordination on water management improved and developed
Millennium Development Goal aims addressed (Communication)
OUTPUTS
Regional and inter-agency cooperation and coordination improved
Access and transparency of information, including the status of water resources available for
decision makers and professional
Access to water related information available to the general public
Descriptive and analytical reports in the standard and/or free-form available
A list of indicators accumulated in the databases available to decision makers, professionals and to
the general public
Concept, Action Plan and Terms of Reference (TOR) to set up an IMS developed
96

ACTIVITIES
Concept, Action Plan and Terms of Reference development
Establishing, discussing and agreeing:
o IMS objectives
o IMS requirements
o system design and technologies
o technical architecture of the system
o software architecture of the system
o training required
o composition of software and hardware applications
o assessment of risks associated with the establishment of the systems and mitigation measures
o proposals on sources to maintain IMS in post-project period
Undertaking an assessment of legislation, infrastructure, and information flows
Establishing availability of local and global networks and its topology
Establishing the availability of qualified experts
Establishing a group of IT Professionals (under EC IFAS Information Management Group) to develop
hardware and software modules for a future IMS
Developing an Action Plan and Terms of Reference
Project Implementation
Implementing the project in compliance with the Action Plan
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Lists of indicators, accumulated in the databases available to decision makers, professionals and the
public
An Agreement on information exchange
An IMS Concept, and Action Plan discussed and agreed
TOR for the development of the IMS discussed and agreed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,400,000 - including:
$950,000 – to develop the IMS Concept, the Action Plan, TOR and Agreements
$450,000 - for seminars, conferences, technical meetings

97

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.2.3

Building Institutional Capacity – Water Resource Management

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the institutional arrangements and the legal basis for regional
cooperation on water resource management.
BACKGROUND
During the period from 1992 to 1994, the newly independent states in Central Asia laid the foundation
for future relations in the water sector and tested new institutional structures (such as the International
Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS) and the Interstate Commission on the Aral Sea (ICAS) for the
coordination and management of water resources. Since independence, the states have strived to
improve these institutional arrangements and the legal framework to strengthen regional cooperation
on water resources management and to strengthen the capacity of the institutions established to
address these needs.
At that time, a prescient decision was taken that wide and extensive discussions are the most
appropriate approach to address problems.
During a meeting in April 2009, the Heads of Central Asian states expressed in a joint Statement their
willingness to improve institutional arrangements and the legal basis for regional cooperation. This was
the highest level recognition of the need for action to be taken in this area.
To achieve this objective, it is planned to strength the capacity of the Executive Committee of the
International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $550,000
BENEFICIARIES: Regional organizations, Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the
Aral Sea
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, UNECE.
OUTCOMES
Regional cooperation on water resource management strengthened
Legal frameworks strengthened
Capacity of regional institutions strengthened
OUTPUTS
The capacity of the Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (EC IFAS)
strengthened
The institutional framework of the EC IFAS improved
EC IFAS staff training increased
EC IFAS specialists ability to participate in projects identification, development, and supervision
improved
A database of national experts in Central Asia established
ACTIVITIES
98

Training by international experts of two persons in the procurement of works, goods and services
Training by international experts of five persons in project cycle management
Ongoing input by IFAS personnel in the development of proposals for improving the institutional
framework of IFAS and EC IFAS
Establishing a database of national experts
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
two staff trained in procurement
five staff trained in project management
A database of national and regional experts established
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $550,000

99

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.3.1

Basin Water Councils – Regional Cooperation on Water

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The main objective of the proposed project is to secure sustainable, equitable water sharing and to
avoid non-productive water withdrawal from water sources by effective integration measures.
BACKGROUND
The water management situation in the Amu Darya and Syrdarya river basins, the two main rivers of the
Central Asia, are different from each other in a number of ways including water regimes, the complexity
of the irrigation infrastructures and the number of states involved. However, the insufficient attention
and disregard of environmental requirements is leading to the degradation of environment in both the
basins.
It is crucial to develop a regional River Basin plan in order to overcome the difficulties in managing the
comprehensive irrigation and drainage systems, the problems related to water sharing and distribution,
conserving water resources and identifying strategic directions for the effective and sustainable use of
natural resources. It could also apply the principles of integrated natural resource management, a
process that allows the optimization of the use of natural resources and which takes into account both
environmental requirements and the equality of stakeholders.
Lessons learned from application of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) demonstrate
that certain preconditions should be in place for introduction of IWRM principles. The preconditions are
the establishment of an institutional framework for the development, negotiation and decision-making
involving stakeholders and the recognition of the need to protect the environment.
It is expected that the proposed project would focus on finding mutually acceptable approaches to
improve water resources management to ensure sustainable and equitable water supply, taking into
account the interests of all riparian countries. Successful implementation of the project proposed would
enhance the productivity of water and build conditions for secured water supply to water users and
environment.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,200,000
BENEFICIARIES: Water users, agencies responsible for management of water resources and irrigation
and drainage infrastructures
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: BVO Amudarya, SIC ICWC, Scientific Research Institute Water Resources
(Kazakhstan), Ministry of Environment Protection (Kazakhstan), Gosvodtehnadzor (Uzbekistan), Ministry
of Agriculture and Water Resources (Uzbekistan), Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI.
OUTCOMES
Policies and strategies for sustainable development improved
Regional coordination on water management improved and developed
Sustainable and equitable availability of water in the region improved
OUTPUTS
100

Regional cooperation in the field of water resources management strengthened
Integrated water resource management principles applied in practice
Proposals for improving water management based on international law and lessons learned
developed
Roadmap for establishment of Water Basin Councils agreed
Draft Work Program for Water Basin Councils agreed
Operational Water Basin Councils set up
ACTIVITIES
Establishing a Regional Group of experts to develop proposals to establish Water Basin Councils and
disseminate information
Discussing proposals at national and regional level
Establishing one pilot Water Basin Council
Building capacity of pilot Water Basin Council
Developing a Draft Work Plan for Water Basin Council
Establishing and strengthening Basin Water Administration
Discussing and drafting a Basin Plan
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Operational principles for Water Basin Councils developed and publicly discussed
Roadmap for establishment of Basin Councils developed, discussed and coordinated with
stakeholders
One Water Basin Council established
Work Plan for Water Basin Council developed, discussed and coordinated
Draft Water Basin Plan developed and publicly discussed
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2015

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $1,200,000 - including:
$900,000 – to cover expenses of expert groups
$300,000 – to conduct workshops, and conferences

101

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.4.1

Safety of Hydraulic Structures - Regional Training System

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the safety of water facilities in the region.
BACKGROUND
An analysis of major breakdowns in recent years clearly shows that almost all of them were caused by
human error, in particular by untrained staff unable to locate or prevent them. About 50% of
breakdowns are the result of low-skills, improper organization of work, violation of hydraulic structures
safety rules and regulations, as well as poor security control.
According to the latest studies, the distribution of the break-down reasons is as follows:
violation of safety rules and regulations - 15%
mismanagement - 12%
weak supervision - 11%
untrained staff - 11%
Therefore, it is clear that there is an urgent need for training and capacity building of the staff
responsible for the safety of structures, which could prevent most of the break-down cases and ensure a
safer operation of water facilities.
This project would develop a training and capacity building program for staff working in water facilities
in the region.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $615.000
BENEFICIARIES: Agencies responsible for the safety of water facilities
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Scientific Research Institute SANIIRI, Gosvodtehnadzor (Uzbekistan).
OUTCOMES
Dam safety improved
Risk to local population reduced
Greater reliability of water supply
Training and capacity building
OUTPUTS
Curriculum and training programs developed
Qualified trainers invited to deliver courses
Number of emergency situations decreased
Availability of training programs and trainers increased
Number of staff trained increased
Training programs developed, including distance learning
ACTIVITIES
Developing curricula and training programs, including those for distance learning
102

Preparing training materials
Establishing a Regional Training Center
Inviting trainers
Providing training as required
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Number of trained staff increased
Number of emergency situations reduced by 15%
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET:
$615,000 – including:
$250,000: on materials and equipment
$320,000: on developing curriculum and training programs
$45,000: on travel and administrative overheads

103

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.4.2

National Hydrometeorological Services - Regional Training System

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at increasing the reliability of meteorological and hydrological forecasts and
improving the quality of hydrometeorological information.
BACKGROUND
According to the principles of IWRM (Integrated Water Resource Management) the general public and
stakeholders should be involved in the planning and decision making process. Hydrometeorological
services play a part in this because they are the source of information and hydrological forecasts, as well
as the source of meteorological data.
The result of studies carried under various projects related to the accessibility and reliability of
meteorological and hydrological data, demonstrated that the former Soviet Union monitoring system
had largely degraded and did not meet requirements. Despite the large efforts mainly undertaken by
international aid agencies to maintain the capacity of National Hydromet Services, they are still in a
deep systemic crisis. The main cause of the degradation of the system is a lack of funding and a lack of
capacity of the National Hydromet Services staff.
It is essential to both modernize the observation network of the National Hydromet Services and to train
its personnel. It is important to replace outdated equipment. In addition, the traditional old style of
training is not able to meet new challenges and new training methodologies need to be introduced.
The proposed project would develop and implement programs to improve training programs for
personnel of National Hydrometeorological Services which would improve the reliability of
meteorological forecasts and provide improved information for users.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $346,000
BENEFICIARIES: National Hydrometeorological Services of Central Asia, users of hydrological and
meteorological information
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: Hydromet Services of Central Asian states.
OUTCOMES
Meteorological and hydrological forecasting improved
Training and capacity building
OUTPUTS
Curricula and training programs developed, including distance learning
Qualified trainers invited to facilitate
Hydrological and meteorological information provided to customers more reliable
Number of specialists trained increased
Skills of National Hydrometeorological Services personnel upgraded
ICWC regional training center service extended
ACTIVITIES
104

Developing curricula and training programs, including for distance learning
Assisting the ICWC regional training center to improve its capacity
Inviting trainers
Providing training as necessary
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
The number of trained personnel increased
Reliability of forecasts increased by 5%
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $346,000 – including
$50,000: to procure materials and equipment, services and personnel
$260,000: to develop training programs
$12,000: for per diems
$24,000: for administrative and overheads

105

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.4.3

Water Sector Staff - Regional Training System

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving the efficiency of water use in the region.
BACKGROUND
The management system of water resources in the Central Asian countries is quite comprehensive: from
ministries through regional, territorial and district (rayon) departments of water management to water
users.
At the state and local levels there are units responsible for various aspects of operation of hydraulic
structures. The management structure includes various services responsible for water sharing and
distribution, and soil conditions.
In addition, a new emerging market-oriented water management system is mixing with the old inherited
system from the former soviet command-administrative system at the national level. At farm level the
water management is carried out by water user associations (WUAs). At the same time, local authorities
still have their stake in water management through executive bodies rayvodkhozes (district branches)
and oblvodkhozes (region branches), and agriculture departments which supervise water distribution.
Water productivity is dependent on the efficiency of water management at all levels, from the water
diversion structures down to the fields. Currently, diversions are based on on-farm demands and
agreements/contracts between the regional/provincial, districts/rayons water management
organizations and WUAs/water users.
The efficiency of the system depends on the availability of well-trained operational staff at all levels.
However, a lack of well-trained staff results in conflicts and accusations of irrational and unfair
distribution of water. Therefore, it is critical to train staff in the water sector.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $577,000
BENEFICIARIES: Water users
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, Metrological Centre ICWC, Central Asian Ecological Centre, Rice
Scientific Research Institutte (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Agriculture (Kazakhstan), EC IFAS Branch in
Tajikistan.
OUTCOMES
More efficient distribution of water in the region
Training and capacity building
OUTPUTS
Curricula and training programs developed, including distance learning
Qualified trainers invited
Training provided
Number of claims of unfair water distribution reduced
Number of specialists trained increased
Availability of training programs and trainers increased
106

Water use efficiency increased
Branches/classes of the Regional Training Centre in Central Asia states established
ACTIVITIES
Developing curricula and training programs, including for distance learning
B ICWC regional training center
Inviting trainers
Delivering training
Establishing branches/classes of the Regional Training Centre in Central Asia states
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
Efficiency of water use at farm level increased by 5%
Number of trained personnel
Number of conflict situations and the number of claims on unfair distribution of water reduced by
15%
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $577,000 – including:
$250,000:
for services
$360,000:
for trainers, and developing training programs
$12,000:
for per diems
$25,000:
for administration and overheads
$42,000:
Other expenses

107

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.4.4

Saving water

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at improving environmental education in primary and secondary schools and
raising awareness about water problems in the Aral Sea basin.
BACKGROUND
The need for safe water is a precondition for human survival and access to it is under threat due to
increasing water scarcity caused by population growth and climate change.
An increase in efficient water use would be achieved by introducing an up-to-date management system,
and providing economic incentives for water users, and by changing the attitude of the general public
towards water.
Experience gained from various projects implemented in the Central Asia has shown that results can be
achieved by introducing concepts like “Water - the Greatest Benefit and Greatest Value” and that this
message is best aimed at the younger generation.
The project would build public consciousness on the need to use water efficiently by working with
schools to design curricula that would raise awareness in the young. This would provide a long-term
legacy ensuring both today and future generations are part of the effort to use water efficiently and
appropriately.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $297,000
BENEFICIARIES: General public, Ministries of Education
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICWC, Eco Forum (Uzbekistan).
OUTCOMES
Training and capacity building
Increased awareness of water problems in the region
Environmental education improved
OUTPUTS
Curricula and short courses developed
Trainers trained
Pupils awareness about water problems increased
ACTIVITIES
Identifying partners in each Central Asian State
Holding an inception seminar to discuss methodology
Developing curricula and training materials
Conducting training
108

Facilitating a final regional workshop to discuss results and lessons learned
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
25 trainers trained
A new generation of citizens in Central Asia involved in water energy saving practice
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $297,000 – including:
$200,000:
for trainers and training program
$75,000:
for per diems
$22,000:
for administrative costs

109

Aral Sea Basin Program
4.5.1

Awareness Raising

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE
The project is aimed at reducing water consumption and improving water quality in the Central Asia
region.
BACKGROUND
Changing public attitudes to saving water takes time. The process includes improving management
systems, improving and modernizing infrastructures as well as changing attitudes to water by the
general public. It most cases, the general public does not possess (or does not have an access to)
accurate information related to water and it is not involved in the development and implementation of
plans and strategies aimed at addressing problems, particularly related to water scarcity.
However, the experience gained by Central Asian countries and the lessons learned under
implementation of Public Awareness Component of Water Environmental Management Project (19982002) in particular, indicates that it is possible to save water by changing mind sets.
Involving the general public in saving water activities, keeping water sources clean and mitigating the
consequences of the environmental crisis in the Aral Sea region would greatly help improve the
situation. Raising public awareness rising is not particularly costly, but the changes it can make are
comparable to those caused by major changes in infrastructures.
Assistance in the development and implementation of public awareness would substantially contribute
to expanding the scope of ongoing activities and to water saving in general.
ESTIMATED BUDGET: $850,000
BENEFICIARIES: General public, agencies responsible for water resources and infrastructure
management
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: SIC ICSD, EC IFAS Branch in Uzbekistan, Eco Forum (Uzbekistan), Ministries
of Environment Protection.
OUTCOMES
Public awareness increased
Water scarcity reduced
OUTPUTS
Awareness of civil society and decision makers increased
Greater public awareness of policies, programs and water issues
Target groups identified
The demand for water decreased
Water quality in major sources maintained
ACTIVITIES
Identifying target groups
110

Conducting sociological surveys of target groups prior to awareness campaigns, during
implementation and after the project completion
Establishing the effectiveness of information delivery channels
Developing the Regional and National Strategies for public and stakeholder awareness
Implementing Regional and National Strategies for public and stakeholder awareness
Disseminating information to the general public and stakeholders
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
100% effective information delivery channels for target groups
Policies, strategies, and work programs developed, discussed, agreed
Awareness of civil society and decision-makers increased by 25%
START DATE:
COMPLETION DATE:

2011
2014

ESTIMATED BUDGET: $850,000 - including:
$150,000
to plan, develop and harmonize operational strategies
$150,000
to conduct seminars, workshops
$550,000
to implement public awareness strategies

111

Aral Sea Basin Program
List of Donors Project Envisaged
#
1

2
3
4
5
6

7

8
9
10

11
12
13

14

15
16
17

Project Title
National Integrated Water Resources
Management and Water Efficiency Plan for
Uzbekistan
A comprehensive study on glacial melting in
Central Asia
Enhancing Economic and Environmental
Welfare in the Aral Sea Region (EEWA)
Program
Enhancing Regional Disaster Risk Reduction
Capacities in Central Asia
Regional Program to Improve the Delivery of
Weather, Climate and Hydrologic Services
Implementing Integrated Water Resource
Management Systems in the Kazakh Aral Sea
Basin: Strengthening Institutions and
Monitoring
Implementing Integrated Water Resource
Management Systems in the Kazakh Aral Sea
Basin: Strengthening Institutions and
Monitoring
Tajikistan Program for Climate Resilience
Water Multi-Country Programme on Climate
Risk Management in Central Asia
Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate
Change
in Chu-Talas Transboundary Basin
Promoting IWRM and Fostering
Transboundary Dialogue in Central Asia
Regional Energy Markets Assistance Program
(REMAP-II)
Transboundary Water Management in
Central Asia

Support to OECD for the implementation of
National Policy Dialogues in Eastern Europe,
Caucasus, Central Asian (EECCA) countries
under the EU Water Initiative
DIPECHO VI
Central Asia Regional Environment Program
Capacity building in data administration for
assessing and monitoring transboundary
water resources in the countries of Eastern
Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia
(EECCA0

Duration

Estimated
Budget

Donor

2008 - 2011

$1,259,245

UNDP

2010 - 2011

US$225,000

UNDP,
UNEP

2009 - 2016

Euro 4,150,000

BMZ

2010 - 2014

US$ 3,509,790

UNDP, EU

2011 - 2015

US$ 42,980,000

WB

2010- 2012

Euro 198,814

OSCE

2010- 2012

Euro 304,000

OSCE

TBD

$ 50,000,000

2010 - 2015

US$ 12,000,000

2010 - 2012

$ 150,000

WB, ADB,
EBRD
UNDP,
Finland
UNDP,
UNECE

2009 - 2012

$ 5,400,000

EU, UNDP,
Finland

2009 - 2012

US$ 16,500,00

2009 - 2011

Euro 10,000,000

USAID
Federal
Foreign
Office,
Germany

2008 - 2012

Euro1,700,000

EU

2010 - 2011
2011 - 2014

Euro 7,295,000
Euro 9,200,000

EU
EU

2010 - 2011

Euro 800,000

FFEM
(French
Global
Environme
nt Fund)
112

18

Central Asia Investment Facility 2009 (CAIF)

2011 - 2014

Euro 9,200,000

EU

19

Support to Kyoto Protocol Implementation

2008 - 2011

Euro 4,787,000

EU

20

Development of Central Asia Strategy on
vulnerability and adaptation to Climate
Change in key sectors: water scarcity, land
degradation and human health

TBD

$2,000,000

UNEP

113

Aral Sea Basin Program
Project Proposals
National Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Efficiency Plan for Uzbekistan
Brief Description of the Project
The purpose of this project is to develop a National Integrated Water Resources Management and
Water Use Efficiency Plan for Uzbekistan, to strengthen the legal and regulatory framework for the
water sector, and to support the integration of water into relevant intersectoral policy frameworks
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: UNDP
Estimated budget: $1,259,245
Project start:

2008

Project completion date:

2011

Beneficiaries: Government entities
Main objective and tasks


develop a National Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Use Efficiency Plan for
Uzbekistan,



strengthen the legal and regulatory framework for the water sector,



support the integration of water into relevant intersectoral policy frameworks

Activities
The IWRM Project for Uzbekistan will include three components:
Component 1: Improved Legal and Institutional Framework for Integrated Water Resources
Management in Uzbekistan;
Component 2: Improved Water Communal Services and Utilities within the Zarafshan River Basin;
and,
Component 3: Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Use Efficiency Plan for the
Zarafshan River Basin.
Work from Components 2 and 3 will combine to form the IWRM and Water Use Efficiency Plan for the
Zarafshan Basin. All three components of the Project will be conducted through a stakeholder driven
process where consultative working groups are established to oversee the main project and provide
for specific technical inputs at the national and basin levels for each of the component tasks and
subtasks
Expected Results
National Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Use Efficiency Plan for Uzbekistan is
approved

114

Aral Sea Basin Program
A comprehensive study on glacial melting in Central Asia
Brief Description of the Project
Glacial melting in Central Asia poses severe environmental and security risks for Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Glaciers presently contribute up to 70% of the water flow in
the major river systems of the region during hot, dry summers (TSNC - Tajikistan Second National
Communication, 2009). It is predicted that between 64% and 95% of the glacial area over large parts of
Central Asia will be lost as a result of melting by 2100 (KSNC - Kyrgyzstan Second National
Communication, 2009). The reduction of water flow from such a change in glacial area is at present
poorly understood, but is likely to be dramatic, particularly in hot, dry summers. Large reductions in
water flow will have severe consequences for the ecological functioning of rivers as well as the water,
energy and food security of all Central Asian countries. Water shortages in Central Asia (e.g. in the
Fergana Valley) have already triggered conflicts between communities. The effect of glacial melting will
exacerbate such conflicts unless timely adaptation measures are implemented
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: UNDP, UNEP
Estimated budget: $225,000
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2011

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
The vision of the project is to facilitate enhancement of knowledge and observation capacity for glacier
retreat in Central Asia.
The project goals are to:
1)
Synthesise the information presently available on glacial melting in Central Asia;
2)
Model the impacts of a range of climate change scenarios on glacial melting on water supply in
the major river basins in Central Asia for the period 2009-2100 using the best available information (this
activity will bolt onto the modelling that is being undertaken in other water projects in Central Asia);
3)
Identify the gaps in knowledge, data, observation capacity and finances; facilitate the actions
required for filling these gaps, and determine the budgetary needs;
4)
Provide a range of cost-effective recommendations to improve data availability and glacier
observation capacity in the region;
5)
Raise awareness of the project results with the general public, especially decision-makers in the
key water user sectors which will be affected by hydrological changes associated with the glacier retreat
Target Indicators
1. A network for technical research on glacial melting developed.
1.1. Conduct regional meeting in order to create contact and facilitate information flows between
national CA hydromets and reach an agreement on Phase 2.
2. A comprehensive analysis of the glacial melting problem in CA is undertaken.
2.1. Synthesize the information presently available on glacial melting in Central Asia.
115

2.2. Collect data for and initiate modeling of the impacts of a range of climate change scenarios (or build
on existing modeling) on glacial melting on water supply in the major river basins in Central Asia for the
period 2009-2100 using the best available information.
2.3. Identify the gaps in knowledge, data, observation capacity and finances; facilitate the actions
required for filling these gaps; and determine budgetary needs.
2.4. Provide a range of cost-effective recommendations to improve data availability and glacier
observation capacity in the region.
3. Knowledge on glacial melting is shared across all levels.
3.1 Raise awareness amongst decision makers in key water user sectors.
Phase 2
2. A comprehensive analysis of the glacial melting problem in CA is undertaken.
2.2. Model the impacts of a range of climate change scenarios (or build on existing modeling) on glacial
melting on water supply in the major river basins in Central Asia for the period 2009-2100 using the best
available information.
2.4. Provide a range of cost-effective recommendations to improve data availability and glacier
observation capacity in the region.
2.5. Organize a groundtruthing expedition to one of the glaciers
3. Knowledge on glacial melting is shared across all levels.
3.1 Raise awareness amongst decision makers in key water user sectors.
3.2. Conduct technical training within the hydromets for furthering glacial research.
3.3. Upload all project results onto the CA-CRM website
Activities
Expected Results
Key stakeholders engaged in regional meetings and collaboration (disaggregated)
At least one field visit conducted.
Project review undertaken.
Climate change model complete and report produced.
Research gaps identified and budgets planned.
Recommendations provided to decision makers.
Round tables/ workshops and e-discussions held.
Results presented to the Executive Committee of the IFAS.
Technical training for furthering glacial research organized.
Web-platform is established and updated with results monthly
Aral Sea Basin Program
Enhancing Economic and Environmental Welfare in the Aral Sea Region (EEWA) Program
Brief Description of the Project
The Aral Sea region has received much negative attention and commonly perceived to be a disaster
zone. Once the world‘s fourth-largest lake, the lake has been shrinking steadily since the 1960s, which
had a devastating impact on the environment, the economy and the well-being of people living in the
area.
In view of this precarious situation, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH
(GTZ - German Technical Cooperation) developed a regional program on behalf of the German Federal
Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
The Enhancing Economic and Environmental Welfare in the Aral Sea Region (EEWA) Program aims to
support efforts in the delta regions of the Amu Darja (Krakalpakstan and Khorezem) and Syr Darja
(Kyzylorda) rivers geared towards developing opportunities amid dwindling resources.
116

Subject: Economic and Environmental Welfare
Donor Agency: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Estimated budget: Euro 4,150,000
Project start:

2009

Project completion date:

2016

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
Main objective:

Improvement of living conditions of the rural population in the selected areas of the Aral Sea
region
Major tasks:

Facilitation of economically and environmentally sustainable territorial development policies,
concepts and strategies

Contribution to the increase of income and improvement of the welfare.

To provide technical assistance to agricultural producers, backyard farmers, small- and mediumscale enterprises in the farming, livestock and fishing sectors, and related processing industries and
service providers.

To respond to the specific needs and demands of women.

To facilitate regional cooperation among riparian countries of the Aral Sea region in line with the
national policies and territorial development plans.

Promotion of energy efficiency as well as decentralized renewable energy technologies
Target Indicators
1.
Increase of the incomes of the rural population by X %. Women are benefiting from increased
incomes at least at an equal share.
2.
Increase of the investments by the small and medium enterprises by X %.
3.
Adoption of environmentally safe and resource saving agricultural practices (including fisheries)
in the selected value chains/ sub sectors by 25 % of the producers.
4.
Increase the number of production and processing enterprises certified according to European
standards.
5.
Significant improvement of the decentralized energy supply in the certain areas.
6.
Adoption of improved instruments of territorial governance
Activities

117


Immediate measures to promote the cultivation of Alfalfa. Development and provision of
advisory services for small and medium size enterprises and implementation of pilot projects and
demonstration fields.

Promoting the production of quality agricultural products for regional as well as global markets
(melons and liquorice). Development and provision of advisory services especially in the area of plant
protection.

Facilitating the implementation of GLOBAL G.A.P and other international standards.

Capacity building of national certification organizations (e.g. UZ STANDARD).

Promoting greenhouse production of vegetables: cultivation, irrigation, energy supply and
energy efficiency, use of biological pest control and the production of beneficial organisms in bio
laboratories.

Promoting good agricultural practices (GAP): the provision of direct support in the form of
trainings, study tours and seminars to agricultural producers and related local institutions and service
providers.

Promoting regional dialogue, territorial development planning and result based monitoring.

Promotion of value chains generating explicit environmental benefits. Focussing on the
potentials of the following sub-sectors:
Melons;
Fodder crops and livestock;
Aquaculture and fishery;
Green house products

Capacity building in the aquaculture and capture fisheries sector
Expected Results
Expected socio-economic impact

Contribution to the increase of incomes and improvement of the welfare of local people.

Contribution to poverty reduction.

Initiating territorial development concepts.
Expected socio-cultural impact

Adoption of improved instruments of territorial governance that will allow partners and target
groups of the program to increase initiatives and to mobilize resources.

Overall social standing of women and gender balance will be improved through promoting
participation of women in the local governance.
Expected impact on crisis prevention and peace development

Prevention of conflicts caused by economic, environmental and social factors through the
promotion of regional cooperation and improved instruments of territorial governance.
Expected environmental impact

Reduced environmental pollution by agriculture through the adaptation of environmentally safe
and resources saving practices in agriculture
Expected impact on the partner structure

Improvement of the cooperation between decision-makers and the local private sector/ civil
society through increased participation.

Demand driven public and private service provision will be improved in quantity and quality.

118

Aral Sea Basin Program
Enhancing Regional Disaster Risk Reduction Capacities in Central Asia
Brief Description of the Project
This project is to build upon and expand assistance to Central Asia nations empowered to create
sustainable mechanisms for disaster risk reduction as per the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015)

Subject: Regional Disaster Risk Reduction
Donor Agency: UNDP, EU
Estimated budget: $3,509,790 (of which $500,000 support mobilized from ECHO, under the DIPECHO
instrument for establishment and basic activities for 15 months)
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2014

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
The objective of this project (2010-2014) is to build upon and expand assistance to Central Asia nations
empowered to create sustainable mechanisms for disaster risk reduction as per the Hyogo Framework
for Action (2005-2015), through support to .founding member states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikistan ) in the establishment and development of a Central Asian Center for Disaster Response and
Risk Reduction
Target Indicators
Improved inter-agency cooperation and coordination between national disaster management agencies
and regional/international risk reduction stakeholders.
Strengthened regional early warning and disaster preparedness and response capacities to natural and
human-induced hazards.
Harmonization of disaster management/civil defence between nations and civil society is enhanced in
the Central Asia region
Activities

119

The project will support national partnerships in the development of sustainable capacities and
strategies to lower the threat of natural disasters including earthquakes, floods, landslides, mudflows
and avalanches. The Center will provide a multi-dimensional platform to deliver capacity development
initiatives including the following directions:

Provision of technical assistance to strengthen the capacities of three Central Asia nations that
share a mutual mandate to support the development for managing and reducing disaster risk;

Provide policy advice to the Center and member states for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction
into overall development policy and implementation strategies to enhance and sustain national
development objectives;

Mobilize disaster risk reduction stakeholders in the Central Asia region through the exchange of
risk management knowledge and the creation of sustainable networks for the dissemination of effective
best practices and lessons learned in disaster risk reduction with particular emphasis on cross-border
response planning.
Support initiatives in vulnerable high-risk locations in Central Asia to raise awareness and the capacities
to mitigate the probable consequences of specific natural and human-induced hazards within the
context of regional, national and local development planning.
(For Result 1)
Selection of Central Asian Center staff from member state technical agencies by a Working Group and
approval by the Coordination Council.
Execution of Capacity Needs Assessment and elaboration of a capacity response.
Development a two-year support strategy for member states to address specific needs in disaster risk
reduction, followed by review and approval by Coordination Council.
Development of a Capacity Development Training Plan (with support from CADRI).
Development of a strategy to create a disaster management Center for Excellence training facility
Collection of training materials for translation, publication and distribution to the Center.
Dissemination to and dialogue with international organizations providing DRR training.
Member states endorse the establishment of a training facility and funding sought for its establishment.
Review of disaster legislation in Central Asia against template for effective response and preparedness
mechanisms.
Baseline data assessment initiated with member states and Center staff employed to design/initiate
regional database.
Design of database designed, compilation of list of required equipment, and elaboration of data entry
procedures. Appeal to donors for funding of equipment.
Execution of Regional Risk Assessment by Center staff, member states disaster management staff, and
consultants and dissemination to member states and other disaster risk reduction stakeholders.
Organization of workshop and consultations with national, regional and international stakeholders to
gain/share insights on mitigation and response strategies.
(For Result 2)
Circulation of member states preparedness strategies and briefings at member state level.
Analysis and identification of optimal relief material stockpiles and envisioned distribution patterns.
Appeal to donor agencies to contribute to stockpile of relief materials and/or assurance of timely
support following a national disaster.
Evaluation of early warning and cross-border operations against a template of capacities to support
member states ability to best prepare for and respond to natural disasters.
Synthesis of findings concerning preparedness and response into a report. Review of report by
Coordination Council and dissemination to member states and other disaster risk reduction stakeholders
to initiate recommended course of action.
(For Result 3)
Design, testing, and execution of survey on public awareness and perceptions of disaster risk, with focus
upon vulnerability and capacity.
120

Round table dialogue with civil society organizations and member states government to share results of
study and seek avenues to address weakness in knowledge, attitude and disaster risk reduction
practices.
Development of strategy for collaboration among government and civil society in DRR.
Expected Results
R1: Improved inter-agency cooperation and coordination between national disaster management
agencies and regional/international risk reduction stakeholders.
R2: Strengthened regional early warning and disaster preparedness and response capacities to natural
and human-induced hazards.
R3: Harmonization of disaster management/civil defence between nations and civil society is enhanced
in the Central Asia region.
Performance indicators
R.1 OVI 1: Candidates for staff selected by Working Group.
R.1 OVI2: Work plan and mandates for Center departments elaborated and refined.
R1 OVI3: Capacity and Needs Assessment implemented.
R.1 OVI 4: Two-year development and support strategy developed and approved.
R.1 OVI 5: Capacity Development Training Plan developed and approved by Coordination Council.
R.1 OVI 6: Strategy for Center of Excellence training facility developed, approved, and disseminated to
potential partners and donors.
R.1 OVI 7: Center for Excellence endorsed by member states.
R.1 OVI 8: Review of enabling environment developed and approved.
R.1 OVI 9: Baseline data assessment and database design completed and approved by Coordination
Council
R.1 OVI 10: Regional Risk Assessment completed and approved by Coordination Council.
R.2 OVI 1: Briefings conducted on preparedness strategies.
R.2 OVI 2: Analyses of preparedness strategies, stockpiles, early warning, and cross border operations
conducted.
R.3 OVI 3: Synthesis report reviewed, approved, and disseminated
R.3 OVI 1: Public awareness and perception survey executed
R.2 OVI 2: Round table dialogue facilitated for civil society organizations and member state governments
R.3 OVI 3: Strategy formulated, reviewed, and approved for collaboration between governments and
civil society in DRR.

121

Aral Sea Basin Program
Regional Program to Improve the Delivery of Weather, Climate and Hydrological Services
Brief Description of the Project
The proposed regional program would be reducing the risk to life and the economy from unfavorable
weather and climate events
Subject: Weather, climate and hydrological services
Donor Agency: The World Bank
Estimated budget: $ 42,980,000
Project start:

2011

Project completion date:

2015

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
The main objective of the proposed regional program would be reducing the risk to life and the
economy from unfavorable weather and climate events by improving weather, climate and hydrological
service delivery, thereby supporting economic development and enhancing regional cooperation. This in
turn will be achieved by modernizing basic infrastructure of NMHSs, their institutional strengthening,
capacity building and orientation towards service provision
Target Indicators
Activities

122

Improvement of the system for operational monitoring of snow cover and glaciers in the mountains of
Central Asia
Improvement of technical and organisational aspects of information exchange between the National
Meteorological and Hydrological Services
Upgrade of the basic monitoring networks providing data for regional and international exchange
Improvement of the regional system of training, retraining and professional development in the field of
meteorology, hydrology and climate
Establishment of national metrological and technical support centres
Improvement of quality of forecasts including emergency warnings by developing national and
regional numerical weather prediction capacity
Saving of national data archives; ensuring favourable conditions for climate assessment and meeting the
needs of the regional economy
Organize training on improvement of service delivery and socio-economic assessment and evaluation of
benefits of hydrological and weather services for senior personnel of NMHSs on a regional basis
Promoting public-private partnerships.
Resuming probing of the upper air atmosphere to measure temperature and wind in order to improve
accuracy of regional and mesoscale forecasts
Improvement of monitoring and negative impact management of droughts in Central Asia
Assessment of multiyear surface water resources in the Aral Sea Basin with consideration of climate
change and economic activities under current conditions and with perspective view (for 5 NMHSs)
Expected Results
More reliable weather, hydrological and climate forecasts, directly contributing to Central Asia’s
economic development, particularly in disaster reduction, agricultural, water resources management
and energy/hydropower sectors;
Better quality and more variable information products presented in a user friendly, client-oriented
format;
Better client satisfaction (special matrix of outcomes/outputs will be delivered based on background
survey or assessment);
Improved coordination of national NMHSs modernization programs;
Improvement of regional data and information exchange, particularly on hazards

123

Aral Sea Basin Program
Implementing Integrated Water Resource Management Systems in the Kazakh Aral Sea Basin:
Strengthening Institutions and Monitoring
Brief Description of the Project
This project is to support Kazakhstan reforms to structures for government management of water
resources

Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: OSCE
Estimated budget: Euro 198,814
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2012

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
The purpose of this project is to support Kazakhstan reforms to structures for government management
of water resources with the goal of introducing programmes of Integrated Water Resources
Management.
Target Indicators
Activities
Establishment of procedures for implementing decisions on water supply and other natural resources in
order to preserve the resource potential of the Aral Sea Basin and protect it from the negative effects of
pollution and depletion
Expected Results
Result 1: Elaborate recommendations on the improvement of national legislation in the area of
integrated water resources management.
Result 2: Elaborate recommendations on the improvement of organizational structures and the
formation of an inter-sectoral partnership in the area of use and maintenance of water facilities.
Result 3: Increase the effectiveness of water use with regard to the implementation of IWRM
Result 4: Strengthen national institutional structures of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea

124

Aral Sea Basin Program
Implementing Integrated Water Resource Management Systems in the Kazakh Aral Sea Basin:
Practical National Steps
Brief Description of the Project
The purpose of this project is to encourage Kazakhstan to carry out reforms to structures for
government management of water resources
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: OSCE
Estimated budget: Euro 301,004
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2012

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
The purpose of this project is to encourage Kazakhstan to carry out reforms to structures for
government management of water resources with the goal of introducing programmes of Integrated
Water Resources Management
Target Indicators
Activities
Establishment of procedures for implementing decisions on water supply and other natural resources in
order to preserve the resource potential of the Aral Sea Basin and protect it from the negative effects of
pollution and depletion
Expected Results
Result 1: Formation of information-analytical system of water resources management, strengthening of
the potential of the Secretariat of the Aral/Syr-Darya Basin Council and creation of a Training Centre at
the existing Museum of Water Management History in Kyzylorda to increase the qualifications of water
agency staff.
Result 2: Wetlands monitoring
Result 3: Develop international co operation and improve the management of transboundary bodies of
water
Result 4: Strengthen national institutional structures of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea

125

Aral Sea Basin Program
Tajikistan Program for Climate Resilience
Brief Description of the Project
The main focus of activity now is on developing the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR). The
SPCR will outline the country driven strategic approach to climate resilience and define the underlying
investment program proposed for PPCR support
Subject: Climate Resilience
Donor Agency: WB, ADB, EBRD
Estimated budget: $ 50,000,000
Project start:

NA

Project completion date:

NA

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
Development of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR)
Target Indicators
The main focus of activity now is on developing the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR). The
SPCR will outline the country driven strategic approach to climate resilience and define the underlying
investment program proposed for PPCR support
Activities
Expected Results
1. Assessment of Tajikistan’s institutional, technical and human at the national and local levels to
mainstream climate change considerations in key policy areas, with particular focus on the requirements
for taking forward the SPCR (World Bank lead)
2. Assessment of Tajikistan’s capabilities for projecting future climate scenarios and consequent impacts
on various sectors and resources, and roadmap for further development and use of climate change
information (ADB lead)
3. Initial awareness raising events on climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation for policy
makers and other stakeholders and training of trainers for future awareness raising activities (World
Bank lead)
4. Assessment of the climate vulnerability of the hydropower sector and roadmap to increase sector’s
resilience and Tajikistan’s energy security (EBRD lead)
5. An inventory and analysis of sustainable land management activities and associated land policy issues
to identify investment projects and policy support program for PPCR Phase 2 (World Bank lead)
6. Development of a replicable methodology to identify and enhance climate resilience on livelihoods
Aral Sea Basin Program
Water Multi-Country Program on Climate Risk Management in Central Asia
Brief Description of the Project
Improvement of the capacity of countries in the Central Asia region to manage climate risks
126

Subject: climate risks management (CRM)
Donor Agency: UNDP, Finland
Estimated budget: $ 12,000,000
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2015

Beneficiaries: government agencies, civil society and local communities at risk from climate change,
now and in the future
Main objective and tasks
The program aims to improve the capacity of countries in the Central Asia region to manage climate
risks in all sectors
Target Indicators
- Multi-Country and National Networks are established and stakeholders are using information from
them.
- Socio-economic and biophysical data is collected and disseminated to the MCN.
- Climate change country profiles developed.
- Inventory of existing national capacity for CRM undertaken.
-Review of CRM interventions is completed..
-At least 5 CRM interventions have their costs and benefits assessed.
- By the end of the project at least 5 institutions use advanced tools and methods for risk assessment
and scenario planning.
- Bilateral and multi-country knowledge exchange sessions conducted.
-Information is uploaded onto the database and website at least quarterly.
-Knowledge publication is produced and disseminated.
- Comprehensive review of CRM policy and strategy conducted.
Prioritized CRM policy measures are implemented.
- Revisions of top priority sectoral and cross-sectoral strategies /policies/legislation
- Weather forecasting and EWS is strengthened.
- Data, information and equipment needs prioritized.
Financial instruments and mechanisms are identified and financing strategy is developed.
- Demonstration projects are established and executed
Activities

127

The Central Asia Multi-Country Program on Climate Risk Management (CA-CRM) will take a
programmatic, comprehensive approach to climate risk management (CRM) and create synergies
between existing projects. The approach integrates three aspects of climate and sustainable
development that are often considered in isolation:
1.
Climate information for decision support in climate-affected sectors
2.
Improvements in development outcomes in the face of present climate variability with capacity
building to manage risks of longer term climate change, and
3.
Reduced socioeconomic vulnerability to extreme climate events with strategies to enable
communities to capitalize on favorable climate conditions.
The methodology to be taken in climate risk management is briefly summarized as follows:

Analysis of historical variability, current trends and future climate change scenarios;

Identification of climate impacts on development sectors e.g. water, energy, health, agriculture,
shelter, at the multi-country, national and local levels;

Elaboration of risk management decision-support options and needs for adaptation;

Assessment of institutional and policy implications;

Determination of capacity development requirements; and

Creation of evidence-based CRM strategies, policies, plans, and programs that adopt a dynamic
and coherent approach for both the short- and long-term.
CA-CRM it will act as an umbrella program, supporting a wide-range of CRM initiatives across the region.
In particular, it will assist the five Central Asian countries to adjust their national development processes
to address risks posed by current climate variability and future climate change. CA-CRM will seek to
strengthen climate-related disaster risk reduction and adaptive capacity, promote early action, and
provide the foundation for long-term investment to increase resilience across the region.
In order to achieve these aims, CA-CRM will build intellectual capital in the region to address the
complex and multi-disciplinary problem that climate variability and climate change poses. Accordingly,
CA-CRM proposes to form a ”multi-country climate network,” which will provide tools, methods and
expertise for in-depth socio-economic and biophysical analyses of the climate change impacts and costbenefit analyses of potential CRM interventions for the region. This will be preceded by a thorough
review of a wide-range of previous as well as ongoing CRM interventions in each country. The costbenefit analyses will be used to prioritize interventions and to sensitize policy-makers and decisionmakers to the risks posed by climate variability and climate change and the benefits associated with
appropriate CRM interventions. Leadership capacity in this area will be strengthened, where required,
throughout the CA-CRM program. Additionally, CA-CRM will address the main institutional, policy and
financial barriers to catalyzing systematic CRM and cost-effective adaptation across the region.
Importantly, lessons-learned and results achieved through CA-CRM and already existing CRM initiatives
will be disseminated on a web-based knowledge management platform to inform future climate risk
management endeavors
Under Output 1 of the regional project of the program, a multi-country climate network will be created
for analyzing climate impacts; synthesizing and disseminating climate variability and climate change
information, and coordinating CRM projects. Databases will be developed and strengthened pertaining
to climate change impacts, and subsequently a comprehensive climate risk assessment / baseline study
conducted. The costs and benefits of climate variability and change and of CRM interventions will be
analyzed. These activities will be complemented by technical training and expert knowledge exchange.
Output 2 will include the development of CRM database management system, creation of a web-based
knowledge management platform, and production of a knowledge publication on climate risk
management.
Output 3, which entails the analysis of glacial melting, will be funded by the Environment and Security
Initiative (supported by Government of Finland).

128

For Output 1 of the national projects of the program, national climate networks (the national arm and
constituent part of the multi-country network) will be established. These networks will conduct an indepth review of previous and current CRM-related projects, collect national-level socio-economic and
biophysical data (for inclusion into the regional data system and for the regional analysis), produce
detailed climate change country profiles (initially on the basis of the regional analysis and subsequently
to inform its further development), and strengthen weather forecasting and existing early warning
systems. A capacity inventory and subsequent training will be undertaken, as well as identification and
prioritization of information and equipment needs for CRM over the long term.
Under Output 2, strategies, policies and legislation will be reviewed, revised, and developed in order to
provide an enabling environment for CRM in key sectors. In parallel, “no regret” policy measures for
CRM will be identified and executed.
Output 3 will entail the strengthening and development of financial instruments and mechanisms to
finance CRM through identification ad piloting activities, as well as the development of a CRM financing
strategy.
For Output 4, community-based CRM interventions in key sectors will be developed and implemented
on a pilot basis. Interventions suitable for upscaling to the national level will be identified, and their
advocacy to governments supported.
Activities under Output 5 will include review and documentation of case studies, dissemination of
lessons learned and best practices to national stakeholders, and inclusion of these into the regional
web-based platform. Additionally, national public awareness campaigns in CRM will be undertaken
Expected Results
Outputs are divided among a regional project, as well as five projects for each of the Central Asian
countries.
The regional project of CA-CRM will meet the objective of the programme through the following
outputs:
Output 1: Technical capacity to manage climate-related risks and opportunities in an integrated manner
at the multi-country level strengthened.
Output 2: Knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate-related
risks and opportunities shared at a national, multi-country and global level.
Output 3: Knowledge on glacial melting in Central Asia synthesized and further developed.
The national projects will produce the following outputs:
Output 1: Institutional frameworks and technical capacity to manage climate change risks and
opportunities in an integrated manner at the national, sub-national and local levels strengthened.
Output 2: Climate-resilient strategies, policies and legislation in priority sectors and geographic areas
developed.
Output 3: Financing options to meet national climate change adaptation costs expanded at the national,
sub-national and local levels.
Output 4: Climate change adaptation interventions in priority sectors implemented.
Output 5: Knowledge on how to incorporate climate change knowledge and risks into development
processes at national, sub-national and local levels disseminated

Aral Sea Basin Program
Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate Change in Chu-Talas Transboundary Basin
Brief Description of the Project
The project aims to reduce risks from climate change for security by improving the adaptive capacity of
recipient countries in transboundary basins where forecasted impacts of climate change may have
security implications
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
129

Donor Agency: UNDP, UNECE
Estimated budget: $ 150,000
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2012

Beneficiaries: government entities civil society, and communities
Main objective and tasks
The project aims to reduce risks from climate change for security by improving the adaptive capacity of
recipient countries in transboundary basins where forecasted impacts of climate change may have
security implications.
The project also aims to support dialogue and cooperation on the needed steps to design an adaptation
strategy in the transboundary context and thereby prevent controversy on the use of water resources.
The specific objectives of the project will be:

Modeling of the possible changes in water resources of the Chu-Talas basin associated with
climate conditions and elaboration of joint scenarios

Preparation of joint vulnerability assessment, focusing on selected areas/sectors of importance
for the work of the Commission,

Development of a package of possible adaptation measures and relevant procedures for the
Commission, which may contribute to decreasing potential tensions over changing hydrological regimes.
Such procedures and measures will be built into the regular Commission’s operations and policies,
where appropriate.
Relevant experience will be shared with other countries in the Central Asia as they face similar problems
and this topic is considered as one of the priority for joint initiatives in the region. Positive experience
will be replicated in other transboundary basins in Central Asia and beyond.
This project will explore the feasibility of linking this initiative to or building upon existing modeling
efforts and collaborate where appropriate.
Target Indicators
Activities

130

Inception phase – data collection and getting all partners on board, contacts with other initiatives and
donors, proposals on modeling and content of vulnerability report/scenarios. Starting modeling
activities (depending on available data and other conditions).
Implementation phase - all detailed technical operations (such as modeling and scenario development).
Based on the agreed scenarios, vulnerability assessment will performed following already developed
outline. Relevant Commission procedures will be worked out, adaptation strategies and their
implementation/financing will be discussed and, if possible, agreed among all key stakeholders and
potential donors.
Sharing experience – relevant experience will be shared with other basins and countries and built in into
water-related state operations. This will be done throughout the project
Expected Results
The following deliverables will be developed:
Common scenarios and models agreed upon by the riparian countries assessing the expected climate
change impacts on water resources;
Joint vulnerability assessment for the respective basin, including environmental, social and economic
vulnerability and the security implications;
Proposal for the procedures to be employed by the Joint Commission to tackle uncertainty related to
climate change and maintain needed level of cooperation and benefits sharing;
Proposal for coordinated measures to be taken in the specific basin enabling climate change adaptation,
including cost-benefit assessment and environmental impact assessment

131

Aral Sea Basin Program
Promoting IWRM and Fostering Transboundary Dialogue in Central Asia
Brief Description of the Project
This pan-regional programme will aim at promoting transboundary dialogue and sustainable water
resources management in Central Asia through interventions (i) at national level (mainly involving
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan), and (ii) at transboundary level (mainly involving Kazakhstan and China) in
parallel and (iii) at the sub-regional level.
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: EU, UNDP, Finland
Estimated budget: $ 5,400,000
Project start:

2009

Project completion date:

2012

Beneficiaries: government entities, civil society, and communities
Main objective and tasks
In appreciation of the fact that the majority of prevailing water-related development challenges could
be tackled through Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), the project will seek to support
Central Asian governments at regional, national, and local levels through a variety of interventions:
 In Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, the objective will be to develop and implement national integrated
water resources management and water efficiency strategies (IWRM Planning) at national and
basin level. In doing this, the project will focus on both IWRM governance and institutional
reform, as well as on concrete interventions to improve (a) irrigated agriculture, (b) the rural
water supply and sanitation situation, and (c) small-scale hydropower service delivery;
 In the Ili-Balkhash River Basin, the main focus will be on fostering transboundary dialogue and
enhancing cooperation between Kazakhstan and the People’s Republic of China, aiming at
improved management of the shared River Basin system and its resources.
 On a regional level, the programme will focus besides efficient and effective programme
management and project coordination on (i) capacity building – a joint IWRM training plan with
GWP, SDC and possibly other partners and initiatives is under preparation – (ii) knowledge and
experience exchange as well as (iii) trans-regional trust-building and coordination interventions.
Target Indicators

Wheat yield > 4 T ha-1

Participatory assessment and diagnosis processes are adopted by GOK

Participatory processes, for prioritizing IWRM issues and solutions, adopted & management
aspects implemented

Feasibility studies (FSs) are approved

About 200 extra households provided with improved WSS services.

Investment strategies, plans and/or financial policies promulgated

SEA carried out for key documents as a part of their preparation

Management arrangements, addressing sustainability issues, are promulgated and adopted by
the GOK

Governments (GOVs) promulgate IWRM reforms
132



The GOVs jointly implement a transboundary sub-basin agreement for equitable water-energycost sharing

Functional coordination body with regular bi-lateral meetings at political and technical level

Relevant documentation and suitable database

River basin master plan

Regular engagement of key stakeholders and information of the public in transboundary matters

Regional sector and organization management capacity enhanced

Efficient and effective project implementation

Increased capacity for integrating environment into water management planning

Strengthened transboundary cooperation on environmental issues
Activities

133

Activities 1.1 & 2.1: Gravity (Kyrgyz) and Pumped Irrigation (Tajik) Pilot Projects
a)
Feasibility studies (FSs) jointly prepares by oblast and/or rayon DWR or OMA and WUAs, with
NGO support,
b)
A participatory performance assessment and diagnosis (PAD) process to improve performance
and increase wheat production, in a Kyrgyz gravity irrigation system, and introduce wheat production in
a Tajik pumped irrigation systems developed and pilot implemented.
Activities 1.2 & 2.2: Irrigation Investment Strategies, Plans and Financial Policies
a)
Realistic national irrigation investment plans, strategies and/or financial policies, informed by
Activity A1 experience, prepared by MAWR or MWRI and NGOs and ready for potential donor funding.
b)
SEA(s) carried out for key documents as a part of their preparation promoting the best practice
and international standards, to be also used as a pilot example for further development of this tool in
the region.
Activity 1.3: Kyrgyz RWSS Pilot Project
a)
ADB and/or WB/DFID Kyrgyz WSS systems and CBOs surveyed by an NGO, and
c)
DWS, DSE and CBOs supported to formulate/implement joint O&M arrangements to ensure
their sustainability.
Activity 2.3: Tajik Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) Pilot Project
a)
Tajik communities mobilized and supported by an NGO, with OMA and/or SUE support, to form
representative democratic CBOs
d)
New CBOs empowered to plan, select, design, construct and manage their own water supply
systems and household sanitation facilities to address the health and sustainability impacts of rural WSS
service levels and project rules.
Activity 2.4: Tajik RWSS Investment Strategies, Plans and Financial Policies
a)
Realistic Tajik Rural WSS investment strategy, plan and financial policy, informed by practical
Activity A.3 pilot experience, prepared by MWRI and NGO and ready for potential donor funding. This
will consider health and sustainability impacts of WSS service levels and project rules respectively.
b)
SEA(s) carried out for key documents as a part of their preparation promoting the best practice
and international standards, to be used as a pilot example for further development of this tool in the
region.
Activity 2.5: Tajik Small-Scale Hydropower (SSH) Investment Strategies, Plans and Financial Policies
a)
MEI’s present investment Strategy revised and/or updated with support by the NGO, based on:
(i) assessment of recently completed small-scale hydropower (SSH) sub-projects, (ii) realistic unit costs
and (iii) economic viability and sustainability of present installations and O&M arrangements.
b)
SEA(s) carried out for key documents as a part of their preparation promoting the best practice
and international standards, to be used as a pilot examples for further development of this tool in the
region.
Activities 1.6 & 2.6: Small Transboundary Sub-basin management agreement
a)
A pilot joint sub-basin management agreement, for equitable water, energy and O&M cost
sharing, progressively developed, negotiated, signed, implemented, monitored and evaluated by the
relevant Kyrgyz, Tajik and, preferably, Uzbek sub-basin authorities, assisted by an international NGO.
Activities 1.7 & 2.7: Participatory IRBM Processes
a)
Practical participatory IRBM processes integrating outputs A1, A3, A5 and A9 progressively
developed/implemented by MAWR, MWRI and their relevant local authorities, assisted by NGOs.
Activities 1.8 & 2.8: Other Priority Pilot Projects
a)
Progressive development and management of other practical pilot projects to address
stakeholders’ next highest priority issues facilitated by MAWR and MWRI, and assisted by their NGOs..
Activities 1.9 & 2.9: International River basin Management (IRBM) Institutional Reforms
a)
A context-specific IWRM (institutional reform) Strategy, to support stakeholders’ priority IWRM
issues/interventions at the river basin and/or local-levels, developed and implemented.
Activity 3.1: Functional Bilateral Commission and framework agreements for the Ili-Balkhash RB
a)
Joint Kazakh-Chinese Ili-Balkhash Commission strengthened through regular bilateral meetings
at technical and political levels taking place;
134

b)
Permanent dialogue between Kazakh and Chinese governments established, and consensus
achieved regarding cooperation and joint management of Ili-Balkash resources.
Activity 3.2: Documentation and RB master plan
a)
River basin master plan adopted and updated documentation established in the Ili-Balkhash
river basin.
Activity 3.3: Public engagement
a)
Key stakeholders involved in major decisions, and the general public informed, about provisions
of the sustainable management of the Ili-Balkash river basin resources.
Activity 4.1: Regional Dialogue, IWRM Governance and Sector Capacity Building
a)
PIUs, MAWR, MWRI and Kazakh equivalent, and key national / local organizations adequately
supported and/or trained by the project team, as to manage project task development and
implementation and perform their IWRM roles and functions.
The good practice of SEA in water management related planning demonstrated and serves as an
example for its further promotion in other sectors
Expected Results
The sectoral activities (under outputs 1 & 2) will aim at two sets of key results:
(i)
Realistic national investment, strategies, plans and financial policies, which will be informed by
the results of
(ii)
Demonstration projects that develop both practical management instruments and feasibility
studies for possible donor funding.
Other expected results include the development and implementation of: (i) a joint management
agreement – for equitable water, energy and O&M cost sharing – in a small transboundary sub-basin, (ii)
context-specific participatory IWRM processes, (iii) additional demonstration projects, to address
stakeholders next highest priorities, and (iv) context-specific institutional reforms.
Outputs 3 and 4 will improve coordination and cooperation on transboundary and sub-regional levels,
provide expert support and generate the knowledge base for bilateral and regional TW cooperation
(reports, feasibility studies, expert input to the state documents and programming etc.), and ensure the
dialogue platform among involved parties (via seminars, roundtables, information-sharing mechanisms
and other).

135

Aral Sea Basin Program
Regional Energy Markets Assistance Program (REMAP-II)
Brief Description of the Project
To facilitate the development of an electricity market in Central Asia
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: USAID
Estimated budget: $16,500,000
Project start:

2009

Project completion date:

2012

Beneficiaries:
Main objective and tasks
To facilitate the development of an electricity market in Central Asia
Create a market-driven, cost-based electricity trading system among Central Asian
Develop and implement mechanisms for establishing the economic value of water-regulating services
related to flood control and irrigation
Target Indicators
Activities
The program will work to:

Create a market-driven, cost-based electricity trading system among Central Asian countries
that includes arrangements for pricing of energy exchanges, ancillary services, and competitive sales
of energy;

Develop and implement mechanisms for establishing the economic value of water-regulating
services related to flood control and irrigation in support of hydroelectricity generation investment
Expected Results

136

Aral Sea Basin Program
Transboundary Water Management in Central Asia
Brief Description of the Project
The work of regional institutions in Central Asia is hampered by their weak position in the political
system. Recognition and implementation of guidelines in water sector are missing.
The programme will support Central Asian states in joint development of practical approaches for
sustainable regional water management and implement selected measures.
Capacities of regional institutions responsible for water management (in particular IFAS – International
Fund for Saving the Aral Sea) will be improved. Institutional capacities to manage river basins will be
improved for selected transboundary rivers.

Subject: institutional development for transboundary cooperation
Donor Agency: German Government (Federal Foreign Office)
Estimated budget: Euro 10,000,000
Project start:

2009

Project completion date:

2011

Beneficiaries: government entities
Main objective and tasks
Program Objective: The Central Asian states jointly develop practical approaches for sustainable regional
water management and implement selected measures
Target Indicators

Capacities of regional institutions responsible for water management (in particular IFAS –
International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea) are improved.

Institutional capacities to manage river basins are improved for selected transboundary rivers.
Activities
Basin assessment and monitoring, basin administration
Determination of river basin objectives;
Development of river basin management plans
Transboundary environmental and social impact assessment
Safety of hydro technical facilities and dams
Supporting the establishment of monitoring systems and data exchange
Expected Results
Regional Institutions in the field of water cooperation are strengthened.
International water legislation and regional guidelines/principles for water management are recognized
and gradually applied.
Regional guidelines for water monitoring and data exchange are developed

137

Aral Sea Basin Program
Support to OECD for the implementation of National Policy Dialogues in Eastern Europe, Caucasus,
Central Asian (EECCA) countries under the EU Water Initiative
Brief Description of the Project
Provide support to the implementation of the EUWI EECCA Working Group’s program of work in 20092012, thereby supporting the achievement of the water-related MDGs in the region, the improvement
of water supply and sanitation services that are delivered to the population, as well as the management
of water resources.
The EUWI-EECCA Working Group constitutes the cornerstone within the organizational set-up of the
EUWI-EECCA Component. It is responsible for overseeing the implementation of the EUWI-EECCA work
programme and receives guidance and advice from the EUWI Steering Group. It consists of
representatives of the EECCA countries, EU Member States, international organizations, NGOs and the
European Commission. The EUWI-EECCA Working Group is currently chaired by Romania.
The EUWI-EECCA Component has two focus areas - water supply and sanitation (WSS), including
financing of water infrastructure, and integrated water resources management (IWRM), including
transboundary river basin management and regional seas issues. Financing constitutes an important
pillar within each of the two focus areas - and establishes a link between them.
National Policy Dialogues are the main operational instrument within the EUWI-EECCA Component.
Some of these dialogues concentrate on water and sanitation whereas others concentrate upon IWRM.
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS)
Donor Agency: EU
Estimated budget: Euro1,700,000
Project start:

2008

Project completion date:

2012

Beneficiaries: bodies responsible for / involved in water resources management, water supply and
sanitation, and environmental protection; population at large
Main objective and tasks
National Policy Dialogues’ objectives are to facilitate participation and communication between
stakeholders in order to build efficient strategies for the water sector. EUWI members' work has been
leading to high-level declarations 1) improving commitment to Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) and
water management; 2) influencing Poverty Reduction Strategies and allocation of resources.
The EUWI-EECCA Component has 8 objectives that are laid down in its work programme till 2015, which
was approved in Chisinau, Moldova, in 2005. The 8 objectives are the following:

Improve institutional and regulatory framework.

Ensure financial viability of utilities.

Investment in water supply, sanitation and rehabilitation.

Ensure access of the poor to water services as a basic human right.

Safeguard public health.

Protect the environment.

Establish and implement national policies for IWRM.
138



Develop the inter-state cooperative structures for river/lake basin management.

Target Indicators
Establish “policy packages” such as legislative acts, strategies, ministerial orders and plans for
implementation in IWRM and WSS
Activities
(i) Consultations with ministries, agencies and institutions (including science and academia), nongovernmental and other national and international organizations
(ii) National Steering committees
(iii) Policy packages and pilot projects
Expected Results
A coherent mix of policy tools (new law, regulation, water quality standard, tariff system, etc.)
developed to achieve environmental policy objectives in a cost-effective manner and avoiding policy
conflicts.

139

Aral Sea Basin Program
DIPECHO VI
Brief Description of the Project
The specific objective of this DIPECHO Action Plan is "To increase resilience and reduce vulnerability of
local communities and institutions through support to strategies that enable them to better prepare for,
mitigate and respond to natural disasters".
After several DIPECHO action plans in which the community based approach in each country was
successfully tested along with the reinforcement or the establishment of some key institutions
operating in disaster risk reduction, it is time to scale up and initiate operations that address
mainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in government and development policies and regional
networking of common interest institutions and activities, to better take into account climate change
adaptation in DRR interventions and to hand over operations initiated by the Dipecho programs to local
authorities and communities or to development cooperation actions.
Subject: Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness
Donor Agency: EU
Estimated budget: Euro 7,295,000
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2011

Beneficiaries: Local actors and populations in disaster prone areas; institutions involved in disaster
management/disaster risk reduction
Main objective and tasks
The overall objective is to support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for action 2005-2015
The specific objective of this Action Plan is to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability of local
communities and institutions through support to strategies that enable them to better prepare for,
mitigate and respond to natural disasters
Target Indicators
Within the projects to be supported, DG ECHO will pay particular attention to the following themes
adapted to the context of this Action Plan:
Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction in Government strategy and in development
actions as an important approach to scale up the implementation of the main goals of the
Hyogo Framework for Action for building the resilience of the population at all levels.
Facilitation of co-ordination and reinforcement of national and regional platforms by
supporting initiatives which facilitate co-ordination among national and regional authorities as
well as public and private institutions working on Disaster Risk Reduction.
Advocacy of Public-Private Partnership: which concerns support initiatives to facilitate the
participation of the private sector in disaster preparedness and risk reduction activities.
Advocacy and mainstreaming climate change adaptation at all levels of intervention.
There is a need to work out concrete approach on how to address this new topic, especially
tangible measures for populations, which livelihoods are negatively impact by climate change
phenomenon.
Integration of DRR training in the education curriculum as vector to create awareness and
140

build the resilience of the population exposed to natural disasters
Facilitation of the reinforcement of the legal framework for DRR interventions and
protection of population exposed to natural disasters in the region and promotion of transborder
operations in emergency situations
Cross-cutting issues: involvement of women, children, vulnerable groups such as disabled,
ethnic minorities, environmental protection etc.
Activities
The following categories and types of disaster preparedness activities are eligible:
a) Local disaster management components targeting local actors and populations in disaster
prone areas: early warning systems, mapping and data computerisation, local capacity building,
training.
b) Institutional linkages and advocacy, targeting institutions involved in disaster management/
disaster risk reduction: advocacy, facilitation of coordination, institutional strengthening.
c) Information, Education, Communication, targeting direct and indirect beneficiaries
(catchment population): awareness raising among the general public and education.
d) Small scale infrastructure and services at community level: infrastructure support and
mitigation works, operation and maintenance systems; non structural mitigation activities.
e) Stock building of emergency and relief items: targeting the reinforcement of the local
response capacity of local actors and institutions in disaster-prone areas in view of
contributing to ensuring an adequate response to natural disaster by strengthening the
response capacity in the early hours and days of a disaster.
Expected Results
Increased resilience and reduced vulnerability of local communities and institutions
Better preparation for mitigation and response to natural disasters

141

Aral Sea Basin Program
Central Asia Regional Environment Program
Brief Description of the Programme
Better management of natural resources through enhanced regional cooperation and partnership with
Europe in the fields of integrated water resource management, forest and biodiversity governance including environmental monitoring - and environmental awareness raising, supported by strengthened
mechanisms of coordination on environmental issues provided by the EU-CA Environment and Water
Cooperation Platform
Subject: Forest and biodiversity, environmental monitoring, Integrated Water Resources Management,
environmental awareness
Donor Agency: EU
Estimated budget: Euro 9,200,000
Program start:

2011

Program completion date:

2014

Beneficiaries: Regional, national and local institutions and bodies of Central Asia involved in the
sustainable management of natural resources; non-state actors and population of Central Asia
Main objective and tasks
Better management of natural resources through enhanced regional cooperation and partnership with
Europe in the fields of integrated water resource management, forest and biodiversity governance including environmental monitoring - and environmental awareness raising, supported by strengthened
mechanisms of coordination on environmental issues provided by the EU-CA Environment and Water
Cooperation Platform
Target Indicators
NA
Activities

142

Component (1): Regional Coop and support for the EU-Central Asia enhanced regional cooperation on
Environment and Water
Component (2) – Forest and biodiversity governance, including environmental monitoring
Sub-component 2.1: Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG)
Sub-component 2.2 Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation in Central Asia
Sub-component 2.3 Environmental Monitoring in Central Asia
Component (3) – Partnership of basin organizations in Central Asia, institutional building and
strengthening of regional water management structures, and professional training on Integrated Water
Resources Management
Component (4) – Environmental awareness raising, AWARE
Ad-hoc actions, in the form of environmental awareness raising campaigns for key stakeholders in
Central Asian countries, notably through pilot demonstrative and replicable projects, in the fields of
environmental protection, biodiversity conservation, land degradation, sustainable management of
natural resources and climate change, etc.
Expected results
1. The Platform has been established and is functional. Coordination, cooperation and outreach
between national institutions, regional structures and donor agencies have been improved at regional as
well as international level.
2. FLEG process in Central Asian countries started. Dialogue, consultation and governance launched at
regional scale for the Central Asian dry lands regarding ecological restoration; and for the Central Asian
Mountain Biodiversity Hotspot with international NGOs active there; Partnership with EU data centres
and institutions in the field of environmental monitoring established;
3. Enhanced regional cooperation between basin and water management organisations, including
National Policy Dialogues (NPD) stakeholders; Increased knowledge and mutual learning by exchange of
experience or practice on good governance, and professional training; Built capacity of the staff and
improved functioning of basin and water management institutions;
4. Environmental awareness raising campaigns for key stakeholders carried out in Central Asian
countries; Promotion materials delivered.

143

Aral Sea Basin Program
Capacity building in data administration for assessing and monitoring transboundary water resources
in the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA)
Brief Description of the Project
The overall aim of the project is to build capacities in data administration within the main national and
regional authorities concerned in order to develop information production and sharing for providing
support to transboundary water resource management policies and action.
Subject: Integrated Water Resources Management
Donor Agency: FFEM (French Global Environment Fund)
Estimated budget: Euro 800,000
Project start:

2010

Project completion date:

2011

Beneficiaries: main national and regional water authorities
Main objective and tasks
The overall aim of the project is to build capacities in data administration within the main national and
regional authorities concerned in order to develop information production and sharing for providing
support to transboundary water resource management policies and action
Target Indicators
Activities
The actions planned to achieve this goal include 2 components:
The first component aims at building capacities in data administration and sharing in 2 pilot
transboundary areas by using methodologies which could also be applied to other transboundary river
basins in countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.
The second component regroups actions at the regional level. They aim, on the one hand, to
develop regional tools for access to information and, on the other, to disseminate the results and
experience feedbacks, obtained in the 2 pilot areas, to the other transboundary river basins and other
EECCA countries, in order to help them develop their own information systems.
The second pilot area retained for this project is:
Basins of the Aral Sea (Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins): shared by the 5 countries of
Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan) and Afghanistan, these
basins have important problems of quantitative water resource management, as well as problems in
managing water quality and the environment
Expected Results
Aral Sea Basin Program
Central Asia Investment Facility 2009 (CAIF)
Brief Description of the Project
144

The CAIF's main purpose is to promote additional investments and key infrastructures with a priority
focus in the first implementation period on Energy and Environment (including water), in the Central
Asian Countries.
The first list of projects is under selection process

Subject: Investments in Energy and Environment Sector (including Water)
Donor Agency: EU
Both multilateral and national European development finance institutions will be stakeholders of the
Facility. They will be the only ones eligible as lead partners to propose lending operations that could
benefit from a CAIF support
Estimated budget: Euro 20,000,000 (TBC)
Project start:

TBD

Project completion date:

TBD

Beneficiaries: The final beneficiaries of the Facility will be the Central Asian countries, either directly or
indirectly through their central, regional and local administrations or semi-public institutions
Main objective and tasks
The leverage effect of the CAIF grants should generate a multiplying factor of 4 to 5 times the amount of
grants. The input of the financing institutions will increase the leverage effect on additional resources to
be directed towards the Central Asian beneficiary countries.
Activities
The types of operations to be financed under the CAIF are the following:

Investment co-financing in public infrastructure projects;

loan guarantee cost financing;

Interest rate subsidy;

Technical assistance;

Risk capital operations

145

Aral Sea Basin Program
Support to Kyoto Protocol Implementation
Brief Description of the Project
Assistance to the Partner Countries concerned in combating climate change, both by extending the use
of the mechanisms attached to the Kyoto Protocol and by supporting the formulation of appropriate
mitigation and adaptation strategies at each country level

Subject: Climate change (mitigation and adaptation)
Donor Agency: EU
Estimated budget: Euro 4,787,000
Project start:

2008

Project completion date:

2011

Beneficiaries: Technical ministries, relevant government departments and the general public in relation
to climate change in partner countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan)
Main objective and tasks
Specific Objective A: To reinforce awareness and capacity of the technical ministries, relevant
government departments and the general public in relation to climate change in general and to
the KP mechanisms in particular.
Specific Objective B: To strengthen interest in and extend participation of the economic
stakeholders (particularly industry and energy utilities) in climate-change-related activities,
including the Kyoto mechanisms (CDM, JI) and focusing particularly on energy efficiency.
Specific Objective C: To formulate climate-change mitigation and adaptation strategies and
assist with their implementation whenever requested by the PCs
Activities
Project implementation consists of Inception, Main and Final Phases:
1) The Project begins with an Inception Phase in order to plan together with the EC Task Manager (TM),
PC representatives, multi-laterals (e.g., UNDP, UNEP, EBRD, etc.) and other stakeholders and
beneficiaries (e.g. industry associations) and review their needs and order of priorities establishing a
modus operandi for the management of the Project;
2) The Project’s Main Phase includes the attainment of all the Project Results and thus reaching the
Project Purpose. The Main Phase begins after two-three months after the Project’s commencement
(depending on the timing of the IR delivery) and ends two months prior to the expiration of the Project’s
life. Specific activities are necessary and sufficient to achieve corresponding Project Results;
3) The Final Project phase will start 2 months prior to the end of the Project execution period. During
this Phase Project Team will complete the Final Project Report based on comments and suggestions
received at the Final Project Workshop. The Final Report will include all the major Project deliverables
and will provide all the necessary information about the project, including lessons learned

146

Expected Results
Enhanced knowledge in the Partner Countries of EU legislation and of the economic instruments
available to improve energy efficiency in the context of each country's economic and social
development and climate change mitigation plans;
Improved
capacity
of
the
DNA
to
implement
programmatic
CDM.
Better acquaintance of PC's technical departments (Ministries of Energy, Industry, Construction,
Transport, etc) with the instruments available under the Kyoto Protocol;
Issuing of guidelines on programmatic CDM;
Development of public awareness campaigns using the EC climate change campaign entitled
"CHANGE" as a possible reference;
Exchange of information between the PC through an energy efficiency network (whenever
possible identifying, enhancing and using suitable existing networks, e.g. the Energy Charter
Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects) and by contributing to the
INOGATE web portal and developing its energy-efficiency- and climate-change-related content
in relation to the current project;
Improved skills of the negotiators to efficiently participate in post-2012 negotiations;
Increased awareness among policy makers of the importance of the post-Kyoto regime

147

Aral Sea Basin Program
Development of Central Asia Strategy on vulnerability and adaptation to Climate Change in key
sectors: water scarcity, land degradation and human health
Brief Description of the Project
To equip CA states with the latest adaptation techniques and expertise for better preparedness to
Climate Change impact

Subject: Adaptation to Climate Change
Donor country or agency: UNEP
Estimated budget: $2,000,000
Project start:

NA

Project completion date:

NA

Beneficiaries
Main objective and tasks
The main objective is to better equip CA states with the latest adaptation techniques and expertise for
better preparedness to CC impact
Target Indicators
Activities
review and analysis of past/ongoing V&A activities;
selection of economically feasible technologies
Expected Results

148

Aral Sea Basin Program
List of Donors On-going Projects
#

Project Title

Donor

Duration

Budget

1

Kazakhstan: Forest Protection &
Reforestation Project
Kazakhstan: Syrdarya Control & Northern Aral
Sea Phase I Project
Kyrgyzstan: Rural Water Supply & Sanitation
2
Kyrgyzstan: Second On-farm Irrigation Project
(P096409)
Kyrgyzstan: Water Management
Improvement Project
Tajikistan: Fergana Valley Water Resources
Management Project (P084035)
Uzbekistan: Fergana Valley Water Resources
Management Project
Uzbekistan: Drainage, Irrigation & Wetlands
Improvement Project - Phase 1
Kyrgyzstan: Rural Area Water Supply and
Sanitation Sector
Uzbekistan: Kashkadarya and Navoi Rural
Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Uzbekistan: Surkhandarya Water Supply &
Sanitation Project
Uzbekistan: Water Supply and Sanitation
Services Investment Program
EU: Support to OECD for the implementation
of National Policy Dialogues in EECCA
countries under the EU Water Initiative
Household energy efficiency and renewable
energy use in Zeravshan valley
National integrated water resources
management and water efficiency plan for
Uzbekistan
Environment and Security assessment in the
Amu Darya basin region
Promoting cooperation to adapt to climate
change in Chu-Talas transboundary basin

WB

2005-2014

US$ 63,800,000

WB

2001-2010

US$ 85,790,000

WB

2009-2013

US$ 18,370,000

WB

2007-2013

US$ 16,000,000

WB

2006-2011

US$ 28,100,00

WB
WB

2005-2011
2009-2016

US$ 13,000,000
US$ 81,850,000

WB

2003-2013

US$ 60,000,000

ADB

2007-2010

US$ 34,600,000

ADB

2006-2010

US$ 25,000,000

ADB

2006-2010

US$ 36,000,000

ADB

2010-2015

US$ 300,000,000

EU

2008-2012

US$ 2,125,000

EU

2008-2011

UNDP

2008-2011

US$ 800,000
UNDP
US$1,260,000

ENVSEC
FIN
UNECE,
UNDP

2007-2010

US$ 400,000

2010-2012

EU

2009-2011

UN ECE – Euro
35,000; UNDP – Euro
190,000
US$ 375,000

GTZ, UNECE

2009-2011

Euro 10,000,000

Government
of Germany
UN
SDC

2009-2016

Euro 4,150,000

2009-2011
phase I,
2008-2009
2007-2010

US$ 443,000
400,000 million CHF
2.0 Mio CHF
2,850,000 million
149

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

14
15

16
17

18

19

20
21
22
23

Civil society network for access to
information, decision making and access to
justice in environmental matters
Transboundary Water Management in
Central Asia Component 1- Fostering regional
institutional capacity
Enhancing Economic and Environmental
Welfare in the Aral Sea Region
Water Quality in Central Asia.
Water Productivity Improvement at Plot
Level
Central Asia Regional Water Information Base

SDC

24
25
26
27

(CAREWIB), Phase II,
Rural Enterprise Support Project II
Water resources management Project
Strengthening the regional environmental
governance capacity of the Caspian states
A comprehensive study on glacial melting in
Central Asia

CHF
US$3,600,000

WB/SDC
ADB/SDC
Multi-donor

2009-2011
2009-2014
2009-2012

Euro 4,700,00

UNDP, UNEP,
ENVSEC

2010-2011

US$200,000

150

Aral Sea Basin Program
National Investments Projects
#

Project Title

Dates

Proposed Budget
Million US$

Republic of Kazakhstan
1

2

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

25

26

27

Identification of causes of social diseases of the population
living in the Aral Sea ecological disaster zone
Development of evaluation methods and measures to
combat desertification in the foci of the environmental
crisis
Planting and sowing of forest plantations
Improved pastures
Creation of protective forest plantations
Syr Darya river bed training and protection of the Northern
Aral Sea
Integrated water resources management and water
efficiency
Irrigation rehabilitation in Shieli Raion
Right Bank Main Canal Rehabilitation in Kazalinsk Raion
Left Bank Main Canal Rehabilitation in Zhalagash Raion
Left Bank Main Canal Rehabilitation (Right Branch
Balzharma, Kuraily, Nauryzbai) in Karmakshi Raion
К-2, К-2-1, К-2-2 Collector Drain Rehabilitation in Kazalinsk
Raion
North Collector Drain Rehabilitation
South Collector Drain Rehabilitation
Arys Main Canal Rehabilitation in Ordabas and Arys Raions
Rehabilitation of Shardara Main Canal Outlet in Shardara
Raion
Rehabilitation of Koshkurgan Dam in Turkestan Raion
Rehabilitation of Shaulder Intake on the Arys River in Otrar
Raion
Rehabilitation of Biserek Canal in Sozak Raion
Water Supply System Rehabilitation in Turmaganbet Town
Water Supply System Rehabilitation in Kozhamberdy Town
Water Supply System Rehabilitation and Improvement in
Tokmaganbetov Town
Water Supply System Rehabilitation and Improvement in
Zhalgash Town
Construction of Water Supply System Zhidelin.
Rehabilitation of Distribution Systems in Enbekshi and
Akmay Towns
Construction of Water Supply System Zhidelin.
Rehabilitation of Distribution Systems in Boisyn and
Bekzhan Towns
Construction of Water Supply System Zhidelin.
Rehabilitation of Distribution Systems in Zhakhaev,
Zhideliaryk, and Bestam Towns
Construction of Distribution Systems in Beket, Zhanseit,
and Ortakshil Towns. Rehabilitation of Distribution

2008-2010

0,074

2008-2010

0,044

2008-2013
2007-2013
2010-2012
2011-2015

4,083
0,558
0,208
191,660

2010-2012

4,322

2010-2011
2010-2011
2010-2012
2010-2011

2,061
2,228
3,305
2,956

2010-2012

8,887

2010
2010-2012
2010
2010

3,675
8,050
1,540
0,195

2010
2010

0,780
0,816

2010
2009-2010
2009-2010
2010-2012

0,223
0,396
0,228
1,728

2010-2011

5,016

2009-2010

1,886

2009-2010

1,796

2009-2010

2,606

2009-2011

2,213
151

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

Systems in Kodamanov Town.
Rehabilitation of of Water Supply System in Teranozek
Construction of Aral-Sarybulac Water Supply System
Irrigation Rehabilitation in Baisyn and Zhohaev
Distribution System in Aral Raion
Rehabilitation of of Water Supply System in Zhuryn Village
Rehabilitation of of Water Supply System in Emba City
Rehabilitation of of Water Supply System in Begimbet
Village in Shelkar Raion
Rehabilitation of Water Supply System in Intymal Village
Rehabilitation of of Water Supply System in Babaata
Village
Construction of Water Supply System in Nurtas
Construction of Water Supply System in Maidantal
Rehabilitation of Water Supply System in Kyzyl-Kanat
Rehabilitation of Water Supply System in Otyrar
Rehabilitation of Water Supply System in Kentay City
Construction of Water Supply System in Aktobe Village
Construction of Water Supply System in Shert Village
Construction of Water Supply System in Eski Shiilik Village
Construction of Water Supply System in Mayakum Village
Develop and implement measures to secure the shifting
sands and afforested area drying bed of the Aral Sea.
Creating a nurseries network.
Conducting phytomeliorative works to prevent the
degradation and land rehabilitation in the Aral Sea Basin.
Investigate particulate and chemical composition of
sediments on the drained parts of the bottom of the Big
Aral.
Create an information system “GIS - Aral region”.
Developing systems for sustainable management of natural
resources in the Aral region.
Creating recreation landscape areas
Development of environmental monitoring system of the
Kazakhstan sector of the Aral Sea.
assessment and forecasting of natural waters resources in
Kazakhstan taking into consideration climate changes
Desertification and natural hazards of Kazakhstan
Geographical basis to ensure water security of the Aral-Syr
Darya natural-economic systems
Construction of pumping stations in Makhtaaral region of
South Kazakhstan region
Construction Koksaray counter regulator in South
Kazakhstan region

2009-2011
2005-2010
2009-2011
2010-2011
2010-2011
2010
2010-2011

8,026
19,764
10,023
12,979
1,269
0,328
0,730

2010-2011
2010-2011

0,768
0,877

2010-2011
2010-2011
2010-2012
2010-2011
2010-2011
2010-2012
2010
2010-2012
2010
2011-2014

0,870
0,828
2,889
0,69
4,38
1,127
0,42
1,126
0,574
9,632

2011-2014
2011-2013

2,267
1,236

2011-2013

2,452

2011-2015
2011-2012

1,000
0,233

2011-2012
2011-2012

0,800
0,166

2009-2011

6,016

2010-2012
2009-2011

0,933
0,151

2009-2010

Total: 344,088
1
2
3
4
5

Kyrgyz Republic
Infrastructure services at the community level
Rural Water Supply and Sanitation
Assistance in improving the living standards of rural
women through the development of handicraft sector
Health and Social Protection
Community-based early childhood development

2010-2012
2010-2012
2010

3,4
0,9
0,05

2010-2012
2010

0,08
152

6
7
8
9
10
11

Rehabilitation of persons with disabilities in society
Education–II
Improving access to basic education for talanted children
Rural education
On-farm irrigation
Control of avian influenza and pandemic preparedness

2008-2010
2010-2011
2010-2011
2010-2011
2010-2011
2010

0,2
0,01
0,06
3,2
0,04

12

Agricultural Investments and Services

2010-2012

0,3

13

Improvement of water resources management

2010-2011

2,2

14

Disaster prevention

2010-2012

0,5

15

Tien Shan ecosystem Development

2010-2011

0,14
Total: 11,08

Republic of Tajikistan
1

Program to promote education and public infrastructure

2010-

15,916

2

Education sector improvement

2010-

24,230

3

Accelerated development of learning. Phaze 1

2010-

14,169

45
6

Accelerated development of learning. Phaze 2
Construction of 5 schools and equipment delivery

20102010-

4,246
13,149

7

2010-

13,497

8

Continuation of construction and equipment of secondary
schools
Accelerated development of learning. Phaze 3

2010-

13,500

9

Public health

2010-

26,289

10

Construction and equipment of interdistrict hospital

2010-

18,457

11

2010-

9,980

12

Restoration and maintenance of medical equipment to
hospital in Khojent
Development of agricultural production

2010-

17,300

13

Control of avian influenza and pandemic preparedness

2010-

6,500

14

2010-

10,519

15

Cadastral system of land and prosperity of the agricultural
sector
Cotton Sector Rehabilitation

2010-

15,000

16

Cotton Sector Rehabilitation

2010-

15,290

17

Rural Area DevelopmedПроект «Развитие сельской
местности»
Improve living conditions of the rural population of Khatlon
region
Delivery of food and seeds

2010-

23,300

2010-

14,955

2010-

4,435

18
19

153

20

Recovery of agriculture sector

2010-

50,433

21

Providing Dangara Valley with water

2010-

30,480

22

Irrigation rehabilitation

2010-

29,014

23

Fergana Valley Water Resources Management

2010-

14,173

24

2010-

11,709

25

Mir Said Alii Hamadoni Khatlon region drinking water
supply
Khojent Water Supply

2010-

8,883

26

Restoration of the energy sector

2010-

69,289

27

Restoration of electric grid in Dushanbe

2010-

15,738

28

Construction of mini HPPs

2010-

11,589

29

Construction of 500 kV electric lines, “South-North”

2010-

334,568

30

Construction of 220kV power lines “Lolazor-Khatlon”

2010-

66,754

31

Construction of a regional electricity interconnection line

2010-

54,000

32

Equipment for Nurek HPP

2010-

39,196

33

Equipment transportation for Nurek HPP

2010-

54,770

34

Reduced energy losses

2010-

17,150

35

Emergency assistance for the energy sector

2010-

4,345

36

Restoration of the Dushanbe Kyrgyzstan Road (Phase 1)

2010-

23,600

37

Restoration of the Dushanbe Kyrgyzstan Road (Phase 2)

2010-

68,000

38

Restoration of the Dushanbe Kyrgyzstan Road (Phase 3)

2010-

76,500

39

Road Rehabilitation

2010-

6,675

40

Bridge construction

2010-

2,369

41

Road construction Shogu – Zigar (Phase 2)

2010-

15,900

42

Road construction Kulyab - Kalaykhum

2010-

34,000

43

Road construction Dushanbe - Chanak

2010-

295,900

44

Road construction Dushanbe - Dangara

2010-

51,580

45

Istiklol tunnel construction

2010-

46,200

46

International Airport in Dushanbe

2010-

23,460
154

47

Emergency projects (flooding)

2010-

28,500

48

Emergency projects (flooding)

2010-

3,000

49

Reduced energy losses (gas)

2010-

10,840

50

Emergency assistance for the energy sector (gas)

2010-

2,155

51

Communal infrastructure development

2010-

16,920

52

Waste management in Dushanbe

2010-

9,993

53

Custom development

2010-

13,380

54

Provide technical assistance in the implementation of
strategic public administration
Strengthening the National Statistical System of Tajikistan

2010-

5,000

2010-

5,846

Improvement of socio-economic conditions for young
generation in Tajikistan
'Dorobi Kalyan - 2 " well recovery

2010-

2,103

2010

0,007

Providing humanitarian assistance to citizens of Jamoat
"Zarbdor"
Construction of water pipeline in the village Sangdarai
bolo-2

2010

0,004

2010

0,010

55
56
57
58
59

Total: 1,775,549
Turkmenistan
1
2

Daryalyk Collector Drain Rehabilitation

4
5

Amudarya River Banks Protection in Bitarap Etrap
Pumping Statation and pipe lines rehabilitation in Birata
Etrap
Water Supply Wells Construction in Dashoguz
Water Supply System in Tezayap

6

Project Design

3

1991-2012

0, 396

2008-2013

1, 9132

2008-2011

1,004

2006-2011
2010-2011

0,198
0,175

Total: 3,686
Republic of Uzbekistan
List of Investments to begin in 2001 in the Aral Sea Vicinity
1
2
3
4
5

Rehabilitation of collector drains in Khorezm Region
Rehabilitation of mail irrigation canals of Tashsaka sytem
in Khorezm Region
Rehabilitation of Kyzyl Tepa pumping station in Navoi
Region
Rehabilitation of Khamza-2 pumping station in Bukhara
Region
Rehabilitation of Khamza-1 pumping station of AmuBukhara irrigation system

2011-2015

150,0

2011-2014

129,3

2012-2014

82,1

2012-2014

78,4

2011-2014

70,0
155

6
7
8
9
10

Rehabilitation of Kuyumazar Main pumping station of
Amu-Bukhara irrigation system
Rehabilitation of Navoi and Uchkara pumping stations
in Navoui Region
Rehabilitation of Kenimekh-1 pumping station in
Navoi Region
Rehabilitation of Kasaba pumping station in Navoi
Region
Procurement of draggers to drage Amdarya river bed

15

Construction of low-temperature refrigerator in
Karakalpakstan
Completion of construction of textile plant in Ramitan
District of Bukhara Region
Completion of construction of textile plant in
Shaphirkan District of Bukhara Region
Completion of construction of textile plant in Jandor
District of Bukhara Region
Construct of excavator plant in Urgench

16

Health-3

11
12
13
14

Procurement of radiology equipment for the cancer
services of Uzbekistan
Procurement of medical equipment for Regional
18
centers
Procurement of medical equipment for Child Regional
19
centers
Procurement of trolleybuses for Khorezm Region
20
17

2011-2014

65,0

2011-2013

25,1

2010-2013

10,1

2011-2014

6,3

2011-2012

31,4

2011-2012

4,9

2012-2015

65,5

2012-2015

66,5

2012-2015

66,5

2012-2013

9,1

2012-2016

93,0

2012-2016

35,0

2012-2016

30,0

2011-2012

32,7

2011-2012

17,2

Total:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Investment Program under the State Guaranty for the Aral Sea Vicinity
Construction of drinking water supply systems for rural
2007-2011
25,00
areas of Kashkadarya nad Navoi Regions
Rehabilitation of treatment plants of the sewerage system
2010-2015
55,00
in Bukhara and Samarkand
Drainage Project (South Karakalpakstan)
2004-2013
60,00
Rehabilitation of Kuyumazar Main pumping station of
Amu-Bukhara irrigation system
Construction of Alat Main and Alt Auxiliary pumping
stations in Bukhara Region
Water Resources Management in Fergana and
Zeraphshan valleys
Rural Enterprise Support Project. Phase 2

Health 2
Development of education system. Phzaze 2
Assistance to the development of professional education
10
in construction and communal services sectors
11 Assistance to the improvement of professional education
8
9

1068,1

2008-2011

12,00

2010-2013

12,00

2009-2014

100,00

2008-2014

67,96

2005-2011
2010-2013

39,48
28,00

2008-2011

9,60

2006-2011

27,00
156

12

Improvement of water supply systems in Karakalpakstan
2002-2011
38,00
and Khorezm Region
Total:
474,04
Capital investments from the State budget into the vicinity of the Aral Sea during 2010

1

Irrigation Development Program

2010

8,11

2

Irrigated Land Improvement Program

2010

17,63

3

2010

1,96

2010

0,80

5

Modernization of the Nukus Radar station
Building of a rehabilitation centre for disabled persons in
Urgench (Khorezm Region)
Muruvat apartment building reconstruction in Bukhara

2010

0,47

6

Construction of specialized school in Navoi Region

2010

0,86

7

Construction and road rehabilitation

2010

184,78

2010

25,64

2010
2010
2010
2010

5,27
18,41
6,73
9,18

2010

1,00

2010

2,77

4

8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Construction and reconstruction of colleges and
dormitories
Water supply
Construction and reconstruction of health care facilities
Theater in Bukhara
Infrastructure for Navoi Free Economic Zone
Construction and reconstruction of infrastructure in Navoi
Region
Construction of sports facilities
Total:

283,61

Centralized Capital Investments into the Aral Sea Vicinity *
1

Irrigation improvement

2011

8,48

2

Land improvement program

2011

17,76

2011

0,92

2011

2,10

4

Construction of the second pipeline from the pumping
station Kaparas to the switch chamber
Construction of Alat pumping station in Bukhara Region

5

Improvement of drinking water supply systems

2011

7,22

6

Public health care improvement

2011

26,20

7

Infrastructures in rural areas

2011

3,71

8

Construction of college in Bukhara Region (2 phase)

2011

1,53

2011

1,84

2011

13,06

2011

7,69

3

9
10
11
12
13
14

1
2

Construction of new building for Irrigation University in
Bukhara
Infrastructure for Navoi Free Economic Zone
Constructions in Navoi Region
Storages constructions for archives

2011
2011
2011

1,79
Highways rehabilitation
216,15
Schools and colleges rehabilitation
7,26
Total:
315,71
List of projects to be financed from loans under the Government’s guarantee
Construction of Alat pumping station in Bukhara Region
2010-201 З
12,00
Water resources management project in Fergana and
2009-2014
100,00
Zaraphshan valley
157

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Infrastructure project under Tashguzar – Baysun –
Kumkurgan railway
Water supply and hygiene in Kashkadarya and Navio
Regions
Water supply and hygiene in Surhandarya Region
Reconstruction of treatment plants in Bukhara and
Samarkand
Water supply in Bukhara and Samarkand

Construction of water diversion structures with
desalination plants
Development of the dried Aral Sea on the basis of local
salt fixing plants
Creation of protective forest plantations on the ridge
"Ahantay"
The creation of protective forest plantations on the ridge
"Akkum"
Dam safety
Holding contests on water conservation
Public awareness
Social assistance to population in the Aral Sea ecological
crisis zone to adapt to market conditions
Activities to ensure children's hospitals drugs

14
15

Assistance to EC IFAS branch in Nukus

11
12
13

146,92

2007-2011

25,00

2009-2014

30,00

2009-2015

55,00

2003-2010

54,54

2005-2010
40,00
Health 2 (reform of primary healthcare)
Maternity and kids healthcare
2005-2010
40,00
2008-2010
21,00
Construction of schools
Education development in rural areas
2008-2011
30,00
Schools computerization
2006-2011
30,00
Information and communication technologies in primary
2006-2010
30,00
schools
Total:
614,46
Projects to be implemented by Tashkent and Nukus Branches in 2010 - 2015

Activities to further ensure children's hospitals fortified
foods
Creation of small local reservoirs in the Amu Darya delta
Development of a monitoring system of water resources in
the Amudarya River Basin
Ornithological monitoring of water bodies in the Southern
part Aral Sea
Assistance to EC IFAS branch in Tashkent

10

2004-2010

Total:
Grand total

2010-2015

1,41

2010-2015

0,11

2010-2015

1,65

2010-2015

1,26

2010-2015
2010-2015
2010-2015

1,38
0,10
0,07

2010-2015

5,47

2010-2015

0,06

2010-2015

0,06

2010-2015

13,37

2010-2015

0,04

2010-2015

0,01

2010-2015

0,46

2010-2015

0,78
26,24
2,782.16

158

JOINT STATEMENT
OF THE HEADS OF THE STATES - FOUNDERS
OF THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR SAVING THE ARAL SEA
The meeting of the Presidents of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan took place in Almaty on April 28, 2009.
During negotiations which took place in the atmosphere of mutual understanding, trust, friendship, and
structural cooperation, the Heads of the States of Central Asia discussed issues related to the activities of the
International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, which was established in 1993, with the objective of to implement
joint practical activities and programs to address the Aral Sea crises and to improve environmental and socioeconomic conditions within the Aral Sea basin.
Heads of the States - Founders of the IFAS, further named “Parties”
guided by centuries-old good neighborly relationships and common history, culture and traditions, good
brotherhood and strategic partnership between countries that are responsible for the utmost interests of the
people of the region,
based on rich experience of fruitful collaboration and expressing mutual interest to bring inter-government
relationships to the higher level,
striving towards mutual assistance and support for achieving Millennium Development Goals and improving
socio-economic and environmental conditions within the Aral Sea basin,
emphasizing that the development of mutual collaboration of the states of Central Asia has high importance
for ensuring sustainable development and regional safety,
taking into account climate change, intensive degradation of glaciers and snowfields of the Region and water
consumption related to the population growth and the development of economies of the countries of the
Region,
emphasizing importance of the efforts by the countries of the Region on integrated use and conservation of
water resources, combating desertification and land degradation for solving problems of the Aral Sea basin,
giving high priority to project implementation within the framework of the IFAS and taking into consideration
interests of the Region,
taking into account that use of water resources of the Central Asian Region is implemented within the
interests of all the states-stakeholders of the IFAS by following generally acknowledged principles of the
international law,
taking into account activities of the IFAS and its structural organizations oriented towards strengthening
regional collaboration on improvement of socio-economic and environmental conditions within the Aral Sea
basin,
expressing satisfaction with the accepted General Assembly Resolution of the UN of December 11, 2008 on
giving the International Fund for Saving Aral Sea the status of observer in the UN General Assembly,
expressing gratitude to the specialized structural organizations of the UN, international financial institutions,
donor countries, other partners in development of assistance and support provided for the countries of the
Region,
159

based on the common endeavor to make contributions for overcoming consequences of the crisis in the Aral
Sea basin,
make following statement:
1. Parties emphasize the importance of IFAS, activities which provide the possibility to coordinate and solve
principal issues through collaboration to overcome the consequences of the crisis of the Aral Sea basin. IFAS
will enhance and strengthen the collaboration with the institutions of the UN system including UN Regional
Center for Preventive Diplomacy and other international organizations.
2. The Parties express their readiness to further improve the organizational structure and the legal
framework of IFAS to improve its efficiency and better interaction with financial institutions and donors to
implement projects and programs related to the addressing the Aral Sea basin crisis.
3. Parties task the Executive Committee jointly with the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination,
Interstate Commission for Sustainable Development of the IFAS with participation of national experts and
donors to develop a Program of actions for the period 2011-2015 (Aral Sea Basin Program - 3) to provide
assistance to the countries of the Aral Sea basin and submit it for consideration and approval by the States Founders of the IFAS.
4. Parties will continue collaboration targeted to the improvement of the environmental and socio-economic
situation in the Aral Sea basin.
5. Parties once again confirm their interest in the development of mutually acceptable mechanism on
integrated use of water resources and environmental protection in Central Asia taking into account the
interests of all states in the region.
6. Parties stressed that constructive negotiations which took place in Almaty in the atmosphere of openness
and mutual understanding contributed significantly to the further development of the traditionally known
good relationships and mutually beneficial collaboration of the states - founders of the IFAS in solving the
problems of the Aral Sea.
7. Heads of the States express their gratitude for the warm reception and welcome by the President of the
Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbaev in the hospitable land of Kazakhstan.
Almaty, April 28, 2009
President
of the Republic of Kazakhstan

N.A. Nazarbaev

President
Of the Kyrgyz Republic

K.S. Bakiev

President
Of the Republic of Tajikistan

E. Rakhmon

President
Of Turkmenistan

G.M. Berdymukhamedov

President
of the Republic of Uzbekistan

I.A. Karimov

160