• Название:

    Kontrolnaya rabota 1


  • Размер: 0.03 Мб
  • Формат: ODT
  • Сообщить о нарушении / Abuse

    Осталось ждать: 20 сек.

Установите безопасный браузер



МИНИСТЕРСТВО НАУКИ И ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение

высшего образования

«КУБАНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

(ФГБОУ ВО «КубГУ»)

Институт географии, геологии, туризма и сервиса

Кафедра международного туризма и менеджмента

Контрольная работа

по дисциплине «Иностранный язык»

Вариант 1

Работу выполнил студент Нижник Сергей Сергеевич

Направление подготовки:43.03.02 – Туризм (ПОП)

Курс 1

ЗФО

Работу проверила

ст. преподаватель каф. ПЛИНИТ

Бычкова Ольга Николаевна

Краснодар

2019

Контрольные работы для I курса

1 семестр

Вариант 1

I. Grammar

  • Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

  • 1. Michael (knows) German rather well. He (wants) to know English, too, but he (has) little time for it. 2. Hello, Pete, where you (going)? – I (hurry) to school. 3. He (spent) last summer in the country. 4. She (came) from school an hour ago. At the moment she (does) her homework. 5. What you (buy) at the shop tomorrow. 6. Take your raincoat with you. I am afraid it (raining) in the evening and you (get) wet through. 7. It (was) cold in autumn. It often (rains). A cold wind often (blows). 8. The lecture hasn’t begun yet and the students (talking) in the classroom. 9. Yesterday his friend (returned) from the south. 10. What you (doing) here at this late hour? – I (translating) this article.

  • Translate into English using the correct tenses of the verbs.

  • 1. Дети всегда едят много конфет. 2. Где Анна? – Она сейчас готовит обед. 3. Кого ты вчера видел в парке? 4. Мы не пойдем на концерт, потому что мы не купили билеты. 5. Он сам примет решение. 6. Я уже собрал всю информацию – теперь мы можем писать статью.

    1. Kids always eat a lot of candy. 2. Where's Anna? - She's making dinner now. 3. Who did you see in the Park yesterday? 4. We're not going to the concert because we didn't buy tickets. 5. He'll make his own decision. 6. I have already gathered all the information – now we can write an article.

  • Translate into English using the correct plural form of nouns.

  • 1. Говорят, что женщины-водители более аккуратны, чем мужчины. 2. Вчера кот весь день наблюдал за мышами. 3. Дети очень любили этот мультфильм. 4. В этом зоопарке жили овцы, олени и дикие гуси. 5. У нее замерзли ноги, а зубы стучали от холода.

    1. They say women drivers are more careful than men. 2. Yesterday cat all day watching the mice. 3. Children loved this cartoon very much. 4. In this zoo lived sheep, deer and wild geese. 5. Her feet were cold and her teeth were chattering with cold.

    4. Complete the sentences using the most appropriate form of the adjectives in brackets.

    1. Today the weather is (colder) than it was yesterday. 2. This book is (interesting) of all I have read this year. 3. January is (coldest) month of the year. 4. My sister speaks English (worse) than I do. 5. Which is (hot) month of the year? 6. Which is (beautiful) place in this part of the country? 7. This good-looking girl is (good) student in our group. 8. As he went on, the box became (heavier) and (heavier). 9. Is the word ‘newspaper’ (longer) than the word ‘book’? 10. It is autumn. Every day the air becomes (colder), the leaves (yellow).

    5. Translate into English using the appropriate forms of the pronouns.

    1. Мне жарко. 2. Вы сообщили им эту новость? 3. Помогите мне, пожалуйста. 4. Отдай ему его ручку. 5. Нам хочется побывать в Париже. 6. Это не их ключ, а наш. 7. Какой у нее адрес? 8. Посмотрите на этого ежа. Его колючки похожи на иглы. 9. Дайте мне ваше фото, а я дам вам свое. 10. Я никогда не видел вашего сына. Покажите мне его фото.

    1. I'm hot. 2. You told them the news? 3. Help me please. 4. Give him his pen. 5. Us want to go to Paris. 6. it's not their key, it's ours. 7. What's her address. 8. Look at this hedgehog. Its spines are like needles. 9. Give me your picture and I'll give you mine. 10. I've never seen your son. Show me his picture.

    6. Translate into English using the correct tenses of the verbs.

    1. Мой старший брат вернулся из школы и мы пошли гулять. 2. Мне закрыть окно? В комнате чересчур холодно. 3. Что ты собираешься делать в воскресенье? 4. Что ты делал, когда я звонил тебе? 5. Осенью часто идет дождь. 6. Джон все еще работает в саду. 7. Если отец купит новую машину, мы поедем на море. 8. Том завтра не будет играть в теннис, так как вчера он сломал руку во время тренировки. 9. Когда я проходил мимо, видел в вашем окне свет. 10. Я закончил писать сочинение и позвонил другу.

    1. My older brother came home from school and we went for a walk. 2. Should I close the window? The room is too cold. 3. What are you going to do on Sunday? 4. What did you do when I called you? 5. It often rains in autumn. 6. John is still working in the garden. 7. If my father buys a new car, we'll go to the sea. 8. Tom will not play tennis tomorrow as he broke his arm during practice yesterday. 9. When I passed by, I saw a light in your window. 10. I finished writing my essay and called a friend.

    II. Reading Comprehension

    Text 1

    Hospitality through centuries

    The word hospitality comes from ‘hospice’, an old French word meaning ‘to provide care and shelter’. The first institutions of this kind, taverns, had existed long before the word appeared. In Ancient Rome they were located on the main roads, to provide food and fresh horses and overnight accommodation for officials and couriers of the government with special documents. The contemporaries proclaimed these inns to be ‘fit for a king’. That is why such documents became a symbol of status and were subject to thefts and forgeries.

    Some wealthy landowners built their own taverns on the edges of their estates. Nearer the cities, inns and taverns were run by freemen or by retired gladiators who would invest their savings in this business in the same way that many of today’s retired athletes open restaurants. Inns for common folk were regarded as dens of vice and often served as houses of pleasure. The owners were required to report any customers who planned crimes in their taverns. The penalty for not doing so was death. The death penalty could be imposed merely for watering beer!

    After the fall of the Roman Empire, public hospitality for the ordinary travelers became the province of religious orders. In these days, the main purpose of traveling was pilgrimage to the holy places. The pilgrims preferred to stay in the inns located close to religious sites or even on the premises of the monasteries. Monks raised their own provisions on their own grounds; kitchens were cleaner and better organized than in private households. So the food was often of a quality superior to that found elsewhere on the road.

    As travel increased during the Middle Ages, so did the number of wayside inns. In England, the stagecoach became the favored method of transportation. A journey from London to a city like Bath took three days, with several stopovers at inns or taverns that were also called ‘post houses’. Guests often slept on mattresses put in what would be called the lobby, ate what they had brought with them or what they could purchase from the house. The fare was usually bread, meat, and beer, varied occasionally with fish. Frequently, the main dish was a long-cooked, highly seasoned meat-and-vegetable stew. But the diners who were frequenters were not choosy, so they did not question what they were eating.

  • Give Russian equivalents and use them in the sentences of your own:

  • hospitality, to provide care and shelter, to be subject to thefts and forgeries, to be regarded as, common folk, to be run by, ordinary travelers, private households, the favored method of transportation, the fare.

  • When Sean came to visit my family, they were very hospitable. Samantha picked up a kitten from the street and provided him with love and care and shelter. When you going on a trip you can be conditioned to theft forgery. Sleepwalking can be regarded as a mental disorder. Common folk are doomed to be unheard. A lot of people do not want to build their own life, they want to be manipulated by somebody. Usually travelers steal goods from tourist shops and leave without punishment. Private households are tax-free. Favored transportation method is container method. The fare is getting bigger and bigger.
  • Give English equivalents and use them in the sentences of your own:

  • современники, вот почему, инвестировать свои сбережения, смертная казнь, ушедший на пенсию/в отставку, цель/намерение, придорожные гостиницы/постоялые дворы, завсегдатай/постоянный посетитель, разборчивый/привередливый, путешествие из … в … занимало … дней.

    This man - is our contemporary, who died 1,000 years ago. That's why I came to you. Invest your savings better in stocks.Judge sentenced him to death. Retired plumber found an extraordinary hobby. The point of the event is to gather the money to save the Amur tiger. I still have a desire to stay in a roadside hotel ins. Often a regular visitor leaves generous advice. Fastidious guests have a hard time living the first time. The journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow took 7 days.

  • Write out from the text the whole sentences which contain the words and phrases given below and translate them into Russian:

  • to provide food and fresh horses and overnight accommodation, to be required to report, the pilgrims preferred to stay in, with several stopovers, to purchase from the house.

    In Ancient Rome they were located on the main roads, to provide food and fresh horses and overnight accommodation for officials and couriers of the government with special documents. - В Древнем Риме они располагались на главных дорогах, чтобы обеспечить продовольствием и свежими лошадьми и ночлегом чиновников и курьеров правительства со специальными документами.

    The owners were required to report any customers who planned crimes in their taverns. - Владельцы обязаны были сообщать обо всех клиентах, которые планировали преступления в их тавернах.

    The pilgrims preferred to stay in the inns located close to religious sites or even on the premises of the monasteries. Monks raised their own provisions on their own grounds; kitchens were cleaner and better organized than in private households.

    The pilgrims preferred to stay in the inns located close to religious sites or even on the premises of the monasteries. Monks raised their own provisions on their own grounds; kitchens were cleaner and better organized than in private households. - Паломники предпочитали останавливаться в гостиницах, расположенных рядом с религиозными объектами или даже на территории монастырей. Монахи сами выращивали себе провизию на своих землях; кухни были чище и лучше организованы, чем в частных домах.

    A journey from London to a city like Bath took three days, with several stopovers at inns or taverns that were also called ‘post houses’. - Путешествие из Лондона в такой город, как Бат, занимало три дня, с несколькими остановками в гостиницах или тавернах, которые также назывались "почтовыми домами".

    Guests often slept on mattresses put in what would be called the lobby, ate what they had brought with them or what they could purchase from the house. - Гости часто спали на матрасах, положенных в то, что можно было бы назвать вестибюлем, на том, что они принесли с собой или что они могли купить в доме.

    4. Answer the following questions on the text:

    1. What is the origin of the word ‘hospitality’?

    2. Where were the ancient Roman taverns located?

    3. What was the most important function of a Roman tavern?

    4. Who ran the inns and taverns situated nearer the Roman cities?

    5. What did the contemporaries say about these places?

    6. What was the main purpose of traveling in the Middle Ages?

    7. What can you say about the inns run by monks in the Middle Ages?

    8. What sort of place was a wayside inn?

    9. How did the Englishmen call the inns or taverns in the Middle Ages?

    10. What food was provided in the eating places for common people?

    1.Тhe word hospitality comes from ‘hospice’, an old French word meaning ‘to provide care and shelter’.

    2.They were situated on the main roads.

    3.They provide food and fresh horses and overnight accommodation for officials and couriers of the government with special documents.

    4.Some wealthy landowners built their own taverns on the edges of their estates

    5.The contemporaries proclaimed these inns to be ‘fit for a king’. That is why such documents became a symbol of status and were subject to thefts and forgeries.

    6.In these days, the main purpose of traveling was pilgrimage to the holy places

    7.Monks raised their own provisions on their own grounds; kitchens were cleaner and better organized than in private households. So the food was often of a quality superior to that found elsewhere on the road.

    8.Inns for common folk were regarded as dens of vice and often served as houses of pleasure.

    9.‘post houses’

    10.The fare was usually bread, meat, and beer, varied occasionally with fish. Frequently, the main dish was a long-cooked, highly seasoned meat-and-vegetable stew.

    Text 2

    Development of mass tourism

    The most significant economic change for many countries of the world has been the development of mass tourism since World War II. Tourism is a risky business: capital investment can be considerable, whereas the season in which to recoup expenditure may be short and can be disrupted by economic difficulties within a country and in neighbouring countries or by cool, rainy weather in summer. Furthermore, there is fierce competition to attract tourists, not only among different countries but also among the resorts within each country.

    Tourism is a growing industry and one of the largest sources of foreign exchange. Enormous sums of money are injected into the economies of some nations by winter and summer tourism. Employment opportunities in the service sector increase substantially. The tourist trade is one of most important sources of employment and revenue and is served by numerous hotels and boardinghouses, youth hostels, restaurants, and retail businesses. Many cities are also important centres for international conferences and exhibitions.

    The number of tourists increases steadily. In some countries, though, tourism has not been at the heart of their economies, so the lack of facilities makes travel in them a rugged experience. Nevertheless, it is becoming a part of governmental policies in those countries to include provisions for paved highways and hotel construction in each successive development plan. Thus, the tourist industry has been actively encouraged by the authorities. Luxury establishments are developed for wealthy foreigners. Many workers find employment in tourism, now continuous through all seasons in many countries, binding the city’s economies ever more firmly to tourism. Tourism supports the many small businesses that provide food, lodging, fuel, and other supplies and services.

  • Give Russian equivalents and use them in the sentences of your own:

  • the development of mass tourism, furthermore, fierce competition, to attract tourists, resorts, to inject into, winter and summer tourism, tourist trade, sources of employment, revenue, boardinghouses, youth hostels, centres for international conferences and exhibitions, to increase steadily, the lack of, thus, to be actively encouraged by, wealthy foreigners, through all seasons, firmly.

    The growing of mass tourism began after the WWII (World War II). In addition,, I’m not qualified to express an opinion. Fierce competition stimulates the development of entrepreneurs. To attract tourists, local authorities makes comfortable conditions for their stay. At the resorts all conditions for comfortable rest are provided to the person. Liquid dye is injected into the arteries of the heart through a catheter. In tourism there are winter and summer tourism. Good idea for tourist trade. In tourist cities for the majority of residents the source of employment is the sphere of services for tourists. If revenues exceed expenditures such a budget is called a surplus budget. My brother and I helped my mom run a boarding house. She lives in a youth hostel. Centers of international conferences and exhibitions organize grand events for the public. The sound of thunder to increase steadily. Lack of food is definitely upsetting. Actively encouraged in society. Thieves are specifically looking for wealthy foreigners to Rob them. To succeed you need to go through all the seasons. In spite of his fatigue he firmly ready for the fight.

  • Write out from the text the whole sentences which contain the words and phrases given below and translate them into Russian:

  • tourism is a risky business, tourism is a growing industry, employment opportunities, it is becoming a part of governmental policies, tourism supports the many small businesses.

    Tourism is a risky business: capital investment can be considerable, whereas the season in which to recoup expenditure may be short and can be disrupted by economic difficulties within a country and in neighbouring countries or by cool, rainy weather in summer. - Туризм-это рискованный бизнес: капиталовложения могут быть значительными, в то время как сезон окупаемости расходов может быть коротким и может быть нарушен экономическими трудностями внутри страны и в соседних странах или прохладной дождливой погодой летом.

    Tourism is a growing industry and one of the largest sources of foreign exchange. - Туризм является растущей отраслью и одним из крупнейших источников иностранной валюты.

    Employment opportunities in the service sector increase substantially. - Возможности трудоустройства в сфере услуг существенно увеличиваются.

    Nevertheless, it is becoming a part of governmental policies in those countries to include provisions for paved highways and hotel construction in each successive development plan. - Тем не менее, включение положений о строительстве дорог с твердым покрытием и строительстве гостиниц в каждый последующий план развития становится частью государственной политики в этих странах.

    Tourism supports the many small businesses that provide food, lodging, fuel, and other supplies and services. - Туризм поддерживает множество малых предприятий, которые предоставляют продукты питания, жилье, топливо и другие товары и услуги.

    3. Answer the following questions trying to use the topical words and phrases:

    1. What has been the most significant economic change for many countries of the world since World War II?

    2. Why is tourism considered to be a risky business?

    3. Prove that tourism trade is the one of most important sources of employment and revenue.

    4. Name as many types of tourist accommodation as you can.

    5. Why has the tourist industry been actively encouraged by the authorities in many countries?

    6. Using your own words explain why tourism supports many small businesses that provide food, lodging, fuel, and other supplies and services.

    1.The most significant economic change for many countries of the world has been development of mass tourism.

    2.Tourism is a risky business because capital investment can be considerable whereas the season in which to recoup expenditure may be short and can be disrupted by economic difficulties within a country and in neighbouring countries or by cool, rainy weather in summer.

    3.Tourism is a growing industry and one of the largest sources of foreign exchange. Enormous sums of money are injected into the economies of some nations by winter and summer tourism. Employment opportunities in the service sector increase substantially. The tourist trade is one of most important sources of employment and revenue and is served by numerous hotels and boardinghouses, youth hostels, restaurants, and retail businesses. Many cities are also important centres for international conferences and exhibitions.

    4.There are several types of accommodation for tourists: medical tourism, recreational tourism sports tourism, educational tourism, tourism with business purposes, congressional tourism, religious tourism, transit tourism.

    5.The tourism industry is encouraged by the government of many countries because it develops the economy. The tourism industry has a solid material and technical base, provides employment for a large number of people and interacts with all sectors of the economic complex.

    6.Tourism supports many small businesses that provide food, lodging, fuel, and other supplies and services because it is beneficial both for the tourism industry and for the development of small businesses.