21.02.02 разговорный практикум , (I и II части), “The Magical Detective World”-«Волшебный мир детектива»
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Разговорный практикум, английский язык (Февраль)
“The Magical Detective World” - «Волшебный мир детектива»
Грамматика: Past Perfect Tense, Past Continuous Tense, степени сравнения прилагательных, Participle 1, Participle 2.
Лексика: «Внешность», «Профессия», «В аэропорту»
1-1) Past Perfect Tense (прошедшее совершенное время).
1-1-1) Образование утвердительного предложения в Past Perfect:
Подлежащее + had + 3-я форма глагола + дополнение + обстоятельство
Past Perfect – указывает на то, что одно действие в прошлом произошло раньше другого.Предложение может быть сложным (состоять из двух), одно из которых (зависимое) вводится союзами when, before, after, until, already. Предлог by используется как указатель момента окончания действия, как правило, в простом предложении.
* When I arrived at the party, Tom had already gone home. / Когда я приехал на вечеринку, Том уже ушел домой. (Том уехал до того, как я приехал).
Упражнение 1. Вставьте в предложение глаголы в форме Past PerfectI ... (to have) breakfast before I went to school. 2. He went to meet his friends after he ... (to do) his homework. 3. By 8 o’clock the rain ... (to stop). 4. Alice was late because she ... (to miss) the bus. 5. She went to the post-office after she ... (to write) the letter. 6. He ... (to work) at the factory before he entered the college. 7. He got a bad mark for his test because he ... (to make) a lot of mistakes in it. 8. I went to bed after I ... (to finish) reading the book. 9. The child ... (to fall) asleep before the parents came home. 10. They ... (to marry) before they bought this house.
1-2) The Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense (Прошедшее длительное время)
The Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в прошедшем времени и причастия (I) смыслового глагола. Причастие (I) образуется путем добавления к основе смыслового глагола окончания – ing.
1) The Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense употребляется для выражения незаконченного действия, которое происходило в определенный момент в прошлом. Этот момент может быть выражен либо обстоятельством времени (at that moment, at 5 o'clock, yestrday, etc.), либо другим прошедшим действием, выраженным глаголом в Past Simple Tense.
* He was driving at five o’clock. – Он вел машину в 5 .* She was playing the piano when her husband entered the room. – Она играла на пианино, когда муж вошел в комнату.
Упражнение 2. Выполните упражнение: Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Indefinite или Past Continuous.
1) I (to go) to the cinema yesterday. 2) I (to go) to the cinema at four o’clock yesterday. 3) I (to go) to the cinema when you met me. 4) I (to do) my homework the whole evening yesterday. 5) I (to do) my homework when my mother came home. 6) I (to do) my home work yesterday. 7) I (to do) my homework from 5 till 8 yesterday. 8) I (to play the piano) yesterday while my husband (to watch a TV). 9) He (not to sleep) when his father came home. 10) When I (to go to my office) the day before yesterday, I met Mike and Pete. The (to talk and laugh). They told me a funny story, soon I (to laugh), too. 11) We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 12) I (to play) computer games yesterday.
1-3) Причастие 1 (причастие настоящего времени, Present Participle) и Причастие 2 (причастие прошедшего времени, Past Participle)
1-3-1) При помощи Причастия 1 обозначается действие, которое происходит одновременно с действием, выраженным глаголом-сказуемым. Причастие 1 образуется путем добавления окончания «-ing» к основе глагола.
Отвечает на вопросы «какой?» - функция прилагательного, или «что делая?» - функция деепричастного оборота.
а) Look at the trees growing in our garden. - Посмотри на деревья, растущие в нашем саду.
b) Reading an English book he wrote out new words - Читая английскую книгу, он выписывал новые слова.
1-3-2) Причастие 2 используется для образования совершенных времен и страдательного залога и образуется с помощью окончания «-ed» (если глагол правильный) или совпадают с 3-й формой глагола, (если глагол неправильный).
а) The methods used in this research were quite effective. - Методы, использованные в этом исследовании, были вполне эффективны.
b) The word said in proper time may be effective. – Слово, сказанное в нужное время, может оказаться полезным.
Упражнение 3. Прочитайте текст, выберите нужную форму причастия
Have you ever heard of the Loch Ness Monster? Many people believe that there is a huge animal (living/lived) in Loch Ness in Scotland.
The animal is about 50 metres long (including/included) its tail. Nobody knows anything about its (eating / eaten) habits. There are some photos of the animal (taking/ taken) by different people (visiting/ visited) the lake, but nobody can prove that they are real.
This animal (giving/ given) the nickname Nessie has been one of the greatest tourists attractions to the area for years. Expeditions (sent / sending) to Scotland tried very hard to find and catch Nessie. And so did individuals (looking/ looked) for the animal. But there has been no result yet.
Nessie is still a great mystery. Very few things (knowing/ known) about Nessie are: it has a long and thin neck like a giraffe’s, its head is quite small and looks like a horse’s, its colour is dark yellow and its habitat is the deepest and the coldest part of the lake.
READING and SPEAKING Тема: Past Perfect, Past Continuous, Participle 1, Participle 2
2-1) Text: “A Dangerous Place.” – Прочитайте текст и выполните задания к нему.
Paula had always wanted to go to New York and now she had the chance at last. She was a journalist, and her newspaper was sending her there to do a series of articles on the city. But before she left her home in London, several friends warned her to be careful and .not to go out alone at night in New York. "It's a dangerous place. People get robbed or even killed in broad daylight!" they told her.
But when she got there, the only thing she was afraid of was exhaustion. It was such an exciting city that she never got any sleep. It took her two weeks to do the articles and she had to interview a lot of people. But she enjoyed every minute of it. She completely forgot all her friends' warnings until the day she went back, to London. It all began in a bar.
She was having lunch there when she suddenly felt someone watching her. She looked up and noticed a man sitting at a table opposite her. He was staring at her, but looked away. She noticed that he had a scar on his cheek. He was about 30 and had short, curly hair. Paula was not worried at all. She had to go to an airline office to re-book her flight home. She wanted an afternoon flight instead of a morning one, as originally planned.
On her way there, she stopped to look at something in a shop-window. To her surprise she saw the man follow her. She could see his reflection in the glass. He had stopped just behind her. Suddenly she felt afraid. She walked on. Then she stopped and looked behind her again. But this time she could not see him.
Just then she noticed she had come to the airline office. She went in and after she had finished her business, decided to phone a friend from a telephone booth there. She was carrying a small, portable but very expensive tape-recorder. It was in a black case in which she kept her money and passport as well. But the booth was sо small that she had to leave the case outside.
When she came out, it had disappeared. Then she saw the red-haired man hurrying out of the office. He had the case in his hand. She shouted but it was too late. (From "Interaction" by Robert O'Neill)
Answer the following questions:
1) What was Paula by profession?
2) Who gave her a chance to visit New York?
3) What did her friends warn her about?
4) How long did it take her to do her job in New York?
5) What did she decide to do after she had finished her business at the airline office?
6) Why did she leave the case outside?
7) Why couldn`t she stop the man?
2-2) Прочитайте текст и выполните задания к нему.
Agatha Christie (1891 – 1976) is one of the world’s best-known and best-loved authors. Her famous detectives, Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple, and her brilliantly constructed plots have caught the imagination of readers. Although she lived to an old age and wrote many books, she did not tell much about her personal life.
In December 1926 a very mysterious incident happened: at the height of her success with the first novel, Agatha vanished into thin air for ten days. At that time she was extremely distressed because she had found out that her husband was having an affair with another woman and wanted a divorce. She was sleeping badly, she couldn’t write, and she was eating very little.
On Friday 3rd December, Agatha told her secretary and companion, Carlo (Miss Charlotte Fisher), that she wanted a day alone. When Carlo returned in the evening, she found that the garage doors were left open and the maids were looking frightened. According to them, Mrs. Christie had come downstairs at about eleven in the evening, had got into her car and had driven off quickly without saying anything to anybody.
Carlo waited anxiously all night but Agatha did not return. Early the next morning the police found Agatha’s car in a ditch with its lights on. There was no trace of Agatha.
A nation-wide hunt for the missing novelist was started. The police was suspicious. Did the servants know anything more? Was Agatha’s husband hiding anything? Newspapers printed wild stories about her disappearance – that she had committed a suicide, that she had been kidnapped, that she had run away with a secret lover…
The mystery ended ten days later when Agatha was found alive and well in Harrogate, a health spa in Yorkshire. Her husband explained to the waiting reporters that she had lost her memory. But to this day, nobody really knows what happened during those missing ten days.
Read and answer.
When did Agatha disappear?
Why was she distressed at the time?
What did she tell her companion, Carlo?
What did Carlo find on her return?
What had happened at eleven o’clock according to the maids?
What did the police find?
What did the newspapers suggest had happened to Agatha?
Where and when did Agatha appear again?
What explanation did her husband give?
Read and think
Do you think that Agatha really lost her memory?
What do you think happened during those ten days?
What effect do you think her disappearance had on her marriage?
2-3) Прочитайте текст и выполните задания к нему.
Physiognomy and stereotypes |fɪzɪˈɒ(ɡ)nəmɪ| - Физиогномика
The face that fits the crime
The Victorians believed it was possible to spot a criminal “before the act” by his set of features. In the nineteenth century, physiognomy, or the practice of telling people’s character from their faces, was very popular. All kinds of beliefs grew up – larger, more prominent jaws were a sign of passion, narrow forehead – a sign of low intellect, and a larger forehead - a sign of intelligence. The wide-nostrilled nose showed “strong powers of thought”, and a snub nose showed a weakness and an unpleasant character.
The nineteenth century physiognomists were interested in crime and built up a picture of a “criminal type”, identified with the narrow sloping brow, prominent jaw and a snub nose. They believed they knew what a criminal looked like before the crime had been committed. Well, but the faces of actual criminals were more typical than others! But the public’s view of what a criminal looked like was heavily influenced by the stereotype.
4-1) Please, think of and say…
Can you add some more information concerning the influence of facial features on the person’s character? For example, what eyes, ears, mouth, etc. can say about our character? – Можете что-нибудь добавить о том, что могут рассказать другие части лица (глаза, уши, рот, и т.д.) о нашем характере?
Have you ever been heavily influenced by the stereotypes? Do you believe in them? – Вы когда-либо попадали под воздействие стереотипов? Вы следуете им?
The statements below can be divided into two groups: a) statements of fact (can be proved true or false) and b) statements of opinion (not true or false – just a matter of taste or personal preference)
Read each statement carefully and decide if it is a fact or an opinion (Прочитайте внимательно каждое утверждение и определите, какое из них является фактом, который можно проверить и доказать его истину или ложь, а какое высказывание основано просто на нашем мнении).
- The Polynesians have the most beautiful faces in the world.
- Women’s faces are, on average, one fifth smaller than men’s faces.
- Criminals are ugly.
- Wearing glasses makes people think you are intelligent.
- The skin of an older person is not as elastic as the skin of a younger one.
That is why older people have more wrinkles.
- People wear too much make-up these days.
4-2) What can you say about these people?
Speak about a famous detective from fiction, such as Sherlock Holmes, Poirot or Maigret, or a detective from a TV programme.
Describe the detective and his / her image. Where does he / she work? What kind of cases does he / she deal with?
Tell the story of one of his / her most famous cases.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH!