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IELTS 4000 Academic Word List
abandon: lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasmabandonment: giving up completely; freedom from constraintabbreviation: shortening something by omitting parts of itabeyance: suspended action; temporary cessation or suspensionabide: endure; put up with; bear; tolerateability: capacity; skillabnormal: unusual; not typical; not normalaboard: on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; in or into a group, organization, or businessabolish: cancel; put an end to; destroy completelyabolition: ending; act of abolishing; act of doing away withabortion: termination of pregnancy; failure of a planabortive: unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitlessabridge: condense; shorten; reduce length of written textabrogate: abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authorityabrupt: broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to anotherabsence: state of being absent; state of being awayabsent: go away or leave ; missing; not presentabsolute: perfect in quality or nature; complete; totally unlimited; certainabsolutely: utterly; definitelyabsorb: assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attentionabsorption: process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentrationabstract: theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understandabsurd: preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolishabsurdity: quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradictionabundance: great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowingabundant: plentiful; possessing riches or resourcesabuse: improper use or handling; misuseacademic: related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal educationacademy: school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artistsaccede: agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concedeaccelerate: move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expectedacceleration: faster rate of improvement; rate of change of velocity with respect to timeaccess: approach; entry; entranceaccessible: easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along withaccessory: additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary itemaccident: event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; sudden, and unexpected eventaccidental: unexpected; unforeseenaccidentally: inadvertently; by chance; casually; fortuitously; not essentially or intrinsicallyaccommodate: do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow foraccommodation: living quarters provided for public convenienceaccompaniment: act of accompanying someone or somethingaccompany: travel with; be associated withaccomplish: succeed in doing; bring to pass; achieve; reach the end of; completeaccomplishment: achievement; fulfillmentaccord: settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two statesaccount: narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or eventaccountant: one who maintains and audits business accountsaccounting: system that provides quantitative information about financesaccrue: increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth; accumulate over timeaccumulate: pile up; collect; mount up; increaseaccumulation: increase by natural growth or addition; concentrationaccuracy: quality of nearness to the truth or the true valueaccurate: capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precisionaccusation: indictment; charge of wrongdoing that is made against a person or other partyaccuse: blame; condemnachieve: gain with effort; accomplish; fulfillachievement: feat; accomplishment; award for completing a particular task or meeting an objectiveacid: sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornfulacknowledge: declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanksacquaint: inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiaracquaintance: personal knowledge or information about someone or somethingacquainted: known by or familiar with another; informed or familiaracquire: gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking systemacquisition: act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of somethingacross: from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the lengthactivate: make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactiveactively: energetically; vigorously; in an active manner; voluntarily, not passivelyactual: true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; currentactually: truly; really; in factacute: quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severeadapt: make fit for; change to suit a new purposeadaptation: modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habitsadditional: further; extra; supplemental or added toadditive: addition; supplementaddress: make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention ofadequate: sufficient; enough to meet a purposeadhere: stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance withadhesive: glue; paste ; substance that unites or bonds surfaces togetheradjacent: adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying nearadjoin: be next to; be contiguous to; border onadjust: adapt; regulateadjustment: making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstancesadminister: govern; supervise; give or apply medicationsadministration: management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and dutiesadministrative: of or relating to or responsible for administrationadmiration: favorable judgment; feeling of pleasure, wonder, and approvaladmire: regard with wonder or astonishment; view with surprise; marvel atadmission: act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enteradmit: permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance toadmittedly: doubtlessly; in an acknowledged manner; confessedlyadolescence: state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturityadolescent: a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;adopt: accept; take on; raise; take into one's familyadoption: act of accepting with approvaladore: worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affectionadorn: enhance or decorate with or as if with ornamentsadornment: embellishment; decoration; something that beautifies or adorns; ornamentadult: one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grownadvance: proceed; move forward; improve; moving forwardadvanced: improved; highly developed or complex; ahead of the times; progressiveadventure: something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; dangeradventurous: valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventuresadversary: opponent in contest; someone who offers oppositionadverse: in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to opposeadversity: state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortuneadvertise: give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice ofadvisable: proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent; ready to receive adviceadvocate: speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for somethingaerial: of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the airaffect: have an emotional or cognitive impact uponaffection: fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondnessaffectionate: having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; kindly inclined; zealousaffiliate: associate; incorporateaffirm: assert; confirmaffirmation: positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oathaffirmative: confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirmingafford: pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost ofaffordable: able to pay foragency: a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of governmentagent: one that acts on behalf of other persons or organizationsaggravate: worsen; make worse or more troublesomeaggregate: gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount toaggregation: several things grouped together or considered as a wholeaggressive: making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quicklyaggressor: one that engages in aggression; person who first attacksagitate: cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturbagitation: anxiety; extreme emotional disturbanceagony: extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggleagreeable: ready to consent or submit; acceptableagreement: state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or characteragriculture: practice of cultivating the land or raising stockaid: person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistantailment: sickness; illness; afflictionaim: point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting itair: be broadcast on television or radioaircraft: vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloonaisle: passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a buildingajar: half-open; slightly turned or openedalarm: any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching dangeralbum: a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, photographsalert: warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for actionalien: dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or personalienate: cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionallyalignment: arrangement; association; alliancealike: similar; in the same manner or to the same degreeallergic: excessively sensitive; susceptible; having an allergyallergy: hyper sensitivity reaction; abnormally high sensitivity to certain substancesalliance: state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, partiesallocate: assign; distribute according to planallot: parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lotallowance: approval; act of allowing, granting, or admittingalloy: combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderateally: confederate; partner; collaboratoralone: solitary; by oneselfalong: by the length; in a line with the length; onward; forward; in company; togetheralongside: along or by the side; side by side withalter: modify; cause to change; make different; convertalternate: happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitutealternation: successive change from one thing or state to another and back againalternative: one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choicealtitude: elevation especially above sea level; heightaluminum: silvery ductile metallic elementamateur: nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an artamaze: astonish; affect with wonderamazement: wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishmentambassador: authorized messenger or representativeambiguity: state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertaintyambiguous: unclear or doubtful in meaningambition: aspirationambitious: aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievementambulance: field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; wagon for conveying the wounded to hospitalamend: change for the better; improve; remove faults or errorsamendment: correction; revisionamends: compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparationamiable: good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendlyamicable: exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsomeamid: in the middle of; among; surrounded byammunition: military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shellsamount: total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sumample: more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly largeamplification: addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detailamplify: broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increaseamuse: occupy or engage the attention of; lose in deep thought analogy: similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarityanalysis: study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent partsanalytical: of analysis; resolving into elements or partsanalyze: diagnose; examineancestor: forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessoranchor: secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinateanecdote: short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biographyangular: sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manneranimate: endowed with life; alive; living; animatedanimation: act of animating, or giving life or spirit; state of being animate or alive.ankle: joint which connects the foot with the leg; tarsusannex: append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unitanniversary: annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took placeannounce: herald; give out; proclaim; make known publiclyannouncement: formal public statement; act of making known publiclyannouncer: one who proclaims a message publiclyannoy: disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritateannual: occurring or payable every yearannually: yearly; each year; returning every year; year by yearantagonism: active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factorantagonist: one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponentantarctic: opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near itantibiotic:  of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infectionsanticipate:  act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predictanticipation: something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidenceantique: any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion antonym: word of opposite meaning; counter termanxiety: concern something in state of painful uneasiness; state of restlessness and agitationanxious: eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matteranyhow: in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any eventapart: separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; asideape: imitate; mimic, as an ape imitates human actionsapologize: beg pardonapology: acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a fault or offense; explanation or excuseapparatus: a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular purposeapparent: capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eyeappeal: attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challengeappealing: attractive; charmingappendix: something appended or addedappetite: instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drinkapplaud: acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the handsappliance: durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household useapplicable: capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevanceapplicant: candidateapplication: close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistanceapply: exert; put into service; avail oneself to;appoint: designate; nominateappointment: act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangementappreciable: considerable; perceptibleappreciate: be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious ofappreciation: recognition; taste; judgment or opinion, especially a favorable oneappreciative: having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perceptionapprentice: works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learnerapproach: access; methodappropriate: acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific useapproval: official approbation; endorsement; act of approvingapprove: ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably ofapproximate: approach; come nearapproximately: about; roughlyapt: likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understandaptitude: inherent ability; quickness in learning and understandingarbitrary: randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principlearbitrator: someone chosen to judge and decide disputed issue; one having ability or power to make authoritative decisionsarc: continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape arch: any part of a curved linearchaeology: study of artifacts and relics of early mankindarchitect: one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structuresarchitecture: art and science of designing and erecting buildings; buildings and other large structuresardent: displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionatearduous: demanding great effort or labor; difficultarea: plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; rangearena: playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainmentsargue: invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debatearise: come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into actionaristocracy: hereditary nobility; privileged classaristocrat: one of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noblearithmetic: theory of numerical calculationsarmour: defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weaponsarms: weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a familyarouse: excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleeparrange: put in proper order; dispose in the manner intended, or best suited for the purposearrangement: composition; orderarray: set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangementarrest: stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custodyarrogance: overbearing pride; haughtiness; manifest feeling of personal superiority in rank, power, or estimationarrogant: arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward othersarticle: essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a classartificial: made by humans; produced rather than natural.ascend: climb; mountascertain: find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure ofascribe: inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a qualityashamed: affected by shame; abashed or confused by guiltaside: on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the restaspect: distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mindaspirin: white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammationassassination: act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attackassault: attack; onslaughtassemble: put together; bring or call together into a group or wholeassembly: gathering; meeting; a group of persons gathered together for common reasonassert: declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldlyassess:  estimate value; judge worth of somethingassessment: act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payableassign: appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactlyassignment: task given to students; job; distribution; appointmentassist: give help or support to, especially as a subordinateassistance: activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purposeassistant: helper; person who assists or helps someone elseassociate: connect or join together; combineassociation: connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some particular purposeassorted: varied; miscellaneousassortment: variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of thingsassume: suppose; presume; take on; bearassumption: something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession ofassurance: promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubtassure: solidify; guarantee; convinceassured: made sure; exhibiting confidence or authority; indubitableastonish: surprise; shockastound: affect with wonder; surprise; shockastray: away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wanderingastronomer: a physicist who studies astronomyastronomical: enormously large or extensive; relating to astronomyastronomy: branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a wholeathlete: sports man; one who contended for prize in public gamesatlas: a bound volume of maps, charts, or tablesatmosphere: airatom: a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the elementatomic: of or relating to or comprising atoms; immeasurably smallattach: fasten; annex; be in contact withattachment: a bond, as of affection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessoryattack: offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile commentattain: achieve or accomplish; gainattempt: action of trying at somethingattend: be present at; go to; take care of; tendattendance: act of being presentattendant: aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meetingattention: act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thoughtattentive: alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtfulattic: story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house;attitude: posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statueattorney: lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxyattract: draw to, or cause to tend to; engage or fix, as the mind, attention; invite or allureattraction: appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts attribute: essential quality; reputation; honorauction: public sale of property to the highest bidderaudience: a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performanceauditorium: area of theater or concert hall where audience sitsaugust: impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admirationauthor: beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composerauthority: jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; governmentauthorization: act of giving authority or legal power; establishment by authority; sanction or warrantauthorize: empower; give permission for; sanctionautobiography: biography or story written by yourselfautomate: control or operate by automation; replace or enhance human labor with machinesautomatic: mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external controlautomation: act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controlsautomobile: self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadwayautonomous: self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independentautonomy: independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determinationauxiliary: helper, additional or subsidiaryavail: turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promoteavailable: convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessibleavenge: take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someoneavenue: way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad streetaverage: typical; mean; achieve or reach on averageaviation: art or science of flying; flight; aeronauticsavoid: shield away from; preventaware: knowing; having knowledge or cognizanceawe: mixed emotion of reverence, respect, dread, and wonder; fear, as of something evilawful: causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terribleawkward: difficult to handle or manageawkwardly: in an uncomfortable, nervous or embarrassed wayaxis: the center around which something rotates; pivotaxle: pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel; transverse bar or shaft connecting the opposite wheels of a car or carriage
baby-sitter: person engaged to care for children when the parents are not homebachelor: unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and collegesbackbone: support; mainstay; vertebrate spine or spinal columnbackward: directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undevelopedbacon: back and sides of a pig salted and smokedbacterium: single celled organism with no nucleusbadge: distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the personbadminton: game played on a court with light long-handled rackets baffle: frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement ofbaggage: trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one's belongings while traveling; luggagebait: harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrapbake: prepare, as food, by cooking in a dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metalbalance: being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stabilitybalcony: platform projecting from the wall of a buildingbald: hairless; lacking a natural or usual coveringballet: a sort of theatrical representation by dancers balloon: large non-rigid bag filled with gas or heated airballroom: large room used mainly for dancingbamboo: plant of family of grasses, growing in tropical countriesband: orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; allybandage: strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up woundsbang: a vigorous blow; a conspicuous successbanker: person in charge of the bank in a gambling game; one who owns or is an executive in a bankbankrupt: penniless, without any money; financially ruinedbanner: flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full pagebanquet: feast; entertainment of eating and drinkingbar: a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stickbarber: haircutter; one whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beardsbare: lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothingbarely: just; only; hardly; scarcelybargain: agreement between parties concerning the sale of propertybarge: flatboat; long, large boat for transporting freight that is unpowered and towed or pushed by other craftbark: sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dogbarn: an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animalsbarometer: instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmospherebaron: title or degree of nobilitybarrel: vessel; large cylindrical containerbarren: desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lackingbarrier: obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limitbarter: trade goods or services without the exchange of moneybaseball: game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this gamebasement: cellar; storage roombasin: bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquidsbathe: wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's selfbatter: beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violencebattery: beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; dry cell that produces electric currentbay: inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; small body of water set off from the main bodybazaar: market consisting of a street lined with shops and stalls, especially one in the Middle Eastbead: small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringingbeak: nib ;horny projecting mouth of a birdbeam: ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or toolbean: various edible seeds; small oval or roundish seed, berry, nut, or lumpbear: support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or supportbearing: carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; act of producing or giving birthbeat: whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedlybecome: suit or be suitable to; be worthy of, or proper for; cause to appear well; grow or come to bebeforehand: in state of anticipation; in advance; by way of preparationbehalf: represent; advantage, benefit, interest of someonebehave: perform; conduct oneself in a proper waybehavior: conduct; mannerbelly: part of human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; wombbeloved: greatly loved; dear to the heartbelow: under, or lower in place; beneath not so high; inferior to in rank; unworthy ofbend: strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain pointbeneath: lower in place, with something directly over or on; under; underneath; belowbeneficial: helpful; tending to promote physical well-beingbeneficiary: person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or willbenefit: advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gainbenevolent: generous in providing aid to others; charitablebent: determined to do or havebesides: over and above; separate or distinct from; in addition to; other thanbestow: give as gift; presentbet: stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wagerbetray: be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillinglybeverage: liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshmentbewilder: lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazesbias: preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair waybid: make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiancebill: invoice; act; proposal; statement or list of particulars, such as a theater program or menubillion: the number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zerosbind: tie, or confine with a cord, band, or chain; make fast; contract; cohere or stick togetherbiographer: one who writes a book about somebody's lifebiography: an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's lifebiologist: scientist who studies living organismsbite: pierce skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp tastebitter: harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimoniousbitterness: sharp and bitter mannerblacksmith: one who forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvilblade: flat part of the leaf, of any plant, especially of gramineous plants; cutting part of an instrumentblame: condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censureblank: of a white or pale color; without color; empty; voidblanket: heavy, loosely woven fabric, usually of wool, and having a nap, used in bed clothingblast: explode; burst; gale; very strong gust of wind or airblaze: brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flamebleach: make white or colorless; blanchbleed: emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the bodyblend: combination; mixture; forming uniform mixturebless: make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happyblessing: praying for divine protection; formal act of giving approvalblink: shut eyes briefly; winkblock: hinder; obstruct; indicate broadly without great detail; sketchbloom: flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivityblossom: reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful partsblot: spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failingblunder: serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusionblunt: having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitiveblush: become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shameboard: a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purposeboarding: wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for payboast: show off oneself; speak of with excessive pridebodyguard: guard to protect or defend person; lifeguardboil: be agitated; pass from a liquid to vapor when heated; be excited with passion; heat in waterbold: brave; daring; intrepid; impudentbolt: dash or dart off; move or jump suddenlybond: link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; dutybonus: an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensationbookcase: case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doorsboom: bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourishbooming: deep and resonant; flourishing; thrivingboost: raise; advance; push or shove upwardbooth: house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structureborder: outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundarybore: drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drillboring: uninteresting and tiresome; dullbother: annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; flusterbounce: jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surfacebound: tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jumpboundary: dividing line; border; frontierbourgeois: middle class; selfishly materialistic; dully conventionalbow: inclination of head, or bending of body for reverence, respect, civility, or submission; bending or rounded part of ship forwardbowl: throw or roll a ball; move quickly and smoothly, especially by rollingboycott: refrain from buying or usingbrace: something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;brain: organ or seat of intellect; understanding or imaginationbrake: a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by frictionbrand: burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any waybreach: breaking of contract or dutybreadth: measure or dimension from side to side; width; extentbreak: opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; sudden changebreakdown: process of failing to function or continue; sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized databreakthrough: act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restrictionbreath: air that is inhaled and exhaled in respirationbreathe: respire; inhale and exhale airbreed: raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; matebreeze: light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlesslybribe: something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift with a view to prevent judgmentbridle: headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reinsbrief: short in time, duration, length, or extent; concisebrighten: lighten; cheer; encourage; make or become bright or brighterbrilliance: cleverness; magnificencebrilliant: full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tonebrim: brink; edgebrink: edge, margin, or border of a steep place vergebrisk: marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or mannerbrittle: easily broken; having little elasticitybroadcast: message that is transmitted by radio or television; radio or television showbroaden: widen; grow broad or broaderbrochure: pamphlet; small book usually having paper coverbronze: an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elementsbrood: think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thoughtbrook: creek; streambrown: of dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellowbruise: injure, as by a blow or collision; contuse; fight with the fistsbrutal: like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; mercilessbrute: not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligencebubble: foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or beliefbucket: vessel for drawing up water from a well; vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grainbud: one that is not yet fully developed; sproutbudget: estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purposebuffet: table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set outbug: general name applied to various insectsbulb: rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ballbulk: majority; main part; volume; massbulky: of large size for its weightbull: male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditionsbulletin: brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publicationbullion: gold and silver in the form of barsbump: impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blowbunch: clump; cluster; gatheringbundle: packet; a package of things tied together; a large sum of moneyburdensome: not easily borne; wearing; causing uneasiness or fatiguebureaucracy: over-regulated administrative systemburial: grave or tomb; ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the groundbush: place abounding in trees or shrubs; wild forestbusiness: rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprisebutcher: one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual crueltybutter: oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churningbutterfly: insect typically having a slender body with broad colorful wingsbuzz: confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibrationbygone: past; gone bybypass: channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fixture; conductor having low resistance in parallelby-product: product made during the manufacture of something else
cab: taxi; one-horse vehicle for public hirecabin: small room on a ship or boat where people sleepcabinet: group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; closetcable: very strong thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wirecafe: coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are servedcafeteria: restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashiercalculate: compute; determine; estimatecalculation: planning something carefully and intentionallycalendar: orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and dayscalm: freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenitycalorie: unit of heat; unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degreecampaign: battle ;a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular endcampus: field where the buildings of a university are situatedcanal: artificial channel filled with water; tube or ductcanary: pale yellowish color; wine made in the Canary Islands; canary bird; quick and lively dancecancel: revoke; call off; omit or deletecancellation: act of cancelling; calling off some arrangementcandid: straightforward; frank; free from prejudice; impartialcandidate: person who is considered for something; person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or honorcane: any plant with long, hard, elastic stems; walking stickcannon: great gun; firearm for discharging heavy shot with great forcecanon: law or rule; decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary workscanteen: vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink; snack bar or small cafeteria, as on a military installationcanvas: heavy closely woven fabric; background against which events unfold, as in a historical narrativecanvass: determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinizecapability: quality of being capable; capacity; skillcapable: having the ability required for a specific taskcapacity: mental or physical ability; ability to accommodatecape: piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garmentcapital: wealth in form of money or property; assets available for use; city that is the official seat of governmentcaption: title; chapter heading; text under illustrationcaptive: prisoner taken by force; one kept in power of another; one charmed or subdued by beauty, excellence, or affectioncapture: act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagemcard: flat, rectangular piece of stiff paper, cardboard, or plastic; business card; credit cardcardinal: chief; serving as an essential componentcareer: profession or occupation; individual’s work and life roles over their lifespancareful: full of care; anxious; solicitous; taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautiouscareless: negligent; taking insufficient carecargo: freight carried by a ship, an aircraft, or another vehiclecarol: round dance; a song of joy; song of praise or joy, especially for Christmascarpenter: skilled worker who makes, finishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures carrier: one that carries or conveys; messengercarrot: root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow colorcarry: convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bearcart: common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagoncarton: pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard boxcartoon: design or study drawn of full size to serve as a model for transferring or copying; drawing depicting a humorous situationcarve: cut; sculptcarving: cutting away parts to create a desired shapecash: money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currencycashier: one who has charge of money; cash keepercassette: container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or videocast: assign the roles of; choose at randomcasual: informal; purposeless; occurring by chancecasualty: serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accidentcatalyst: agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchangedcatastrophe: calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortunecatch: capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in timecategory: group; class; collection of things sharing a common attributecater: supply what is needed or desired; provide food professionally for special occasioncathedral: church; templecatholic: broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Churchcause: something produces a result; basis for an action or response; a reasoncaution: care; being attentive to possible dangercautious: conservative; carefulcavalry: part of military force which serves on horsebackcavern: cave; large underground chamber, as in a cavecavity: hole; cavern; hollow area within the bodycease: stop; terminate; put an end to; discontinuecelebrate: praise; assign great social importance tocell: any small compartmentcellar: room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the groundcement: any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of unioncemetery: place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyardcensor: overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive contentcentigrade: measure of temperature, used widely in Europecereal: grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.ceremonial: ritual; ceremony or riteceremony: formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or customcertainty: quality or condition of being certain; fact or truth unquestionable established; clearnesscertificate: document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a coursecertify:  give certain information to; assure; make certainchalk: soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, used as a drawing implementchallenge: assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception tochamber: cell; compartment; roomchampion: protect or fight for as first placechampionship: status of being a champion; position or title of a winnerchannel: passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or accesschaos: disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly masschap: crack, as in earth surface; splitting of skin, caused by cold or exposure; one of the jaws or cheeks; man or boychapter: division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some societycharacter: part; nature; description of a person's attributes, traits, or abilitiescharacteristic: feature that helps to identify, tell apart, or describe recognizably; a distinguishing mark or traitcharacterize: distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark ofcharcoal: a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color charge: set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; commandcharity: activity or gift that benefits the public at largecharm: power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefitchart: graph; diagram; map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigatorscharter: license; authorize; hold under a lease or rental agreement of goods and serviceschase: pursue for the purpose of killing or taking; hunt; follow as if to catchchat: talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversationcheck: stop motion; curb or restraincheer: lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshmentcheque: written order directing a bank to pay moneycherish: harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dearchew: bite and grind with the teethchief: highest in office or rank; principal; headchill: cool; freezechilly: coldchin: central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of facechip: cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crackchoke: breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supplychop: hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an axchorus: any utterance produced simultaneously by a groupcircle: round; something shaped like such a ring; group of people sharing an interest, activity, or achievementcircuit: electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flowcircular: round; shaped like or nearly like a circlecirculate: move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting pointcirculation: spread or transmission of something to a wider group or areacircumference: boundary line of a circle, figure, area, or objectcircumstance: situation; condition; detail accompanying or surrounding an eventcircus: public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animalscite: quote; adduce as an instancecitizenship: status of a citizen with rights and dutiescivil: having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and politecivilization: cultureclaim: demand for something as rightful or dueclamp: any of various devices used to join, grip, support, or compress mechanical or structural partsclap: applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on anotherclarification: process of making things clearer or easier to understandclarify: make clear and comprehensible; elucidateclash: make noise by striking against something; dash noisily together; meet in oppositionclasp: fastening device; firm gripclassic: work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellenceclassical: of recognized authority or excellenceclassification: assigning to a class or categoryclassify: declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categoriesclause: sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a documentclay: very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when firedclear: out of the way; completely awayclearance: act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trustclench: close tightly; grasp or grip tightly; fasten with a clinchclient: someone who pays to get goods or servicesclientele: clients of professional person; body of customers or patronsclimate: weather condition; atmosphere; environmentclimax: upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degreecling: hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionallyclinic: healthcare facility for outpatient careclip: small section of filmed or filed materialclockwise: in the direction that the hands of a clock movecloset: small room or apartment; room for privacyclue: a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate natureclumsy: awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude cluster: group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closelyclutch: grasp and hold tightly; attempt to grasp or seizecoach: tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengerscoarse: rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior qualitycode: body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or wordscodify: arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematizecoherence: logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts; state of cohering or sticking togethercoherent: adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent mannercohesion: tendency to keep togethercohesive: cohering or tending to cohere; well integratedcoil: a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipescoin: make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricatecoinage: coins collectively coincide: occur at the same time as; correspondcoincidence: two or more things occurring at the same time by chancecoincident: concerning; simultaneouscollaborate: work together, especially in a joint intellectual effortcollaboration: act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own countrycollapse: breakdown; failurecolleague: fellow worker; associate; co-workercollective: common; assembled into or viewed as a wholecollide: bump; hit; conflictcollision: crash; conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goalscolonel: a commissioned military officercolonial: of or relating to or characteristic of or inhabiting a colonycolony: region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency; a community of social insects, as ants, beescolumn: pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or masscombat: struggle as with an opposing force; fight withcombination: blend; unioncombine: blend; fuse; mergecomedy: light and humorous drama with a happy endingcomic: arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorouscommander: chief; leadercommandment: order or injunction given by authority; command; charge; act of commanding; exercise of authoritycommemorate: serve as a memorial to; honor the memory of with a ceremonycommence: have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begincommend: commit, intrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regardcomment: express an opinion; remarkcommerce: trade; business; intellectual exchange or social interactioncommercial: money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass marketcommission: fee for services; group of people appointed to find out about something; authorizecommit: do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admittedcommitment: pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of actioncommittee: special group delegated to consider some mattercommodity: goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.commonplace: ordinary; having no remarkable featurescommonsense: exhibiting native good judgmentcommunicate: send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearlycommunication: activity of communicating; activity of conveying informationcommunity: society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same governmentcompact: closely and firmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of somethingcompanion: associate; partnercompany: team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprisecomparable: similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy to be ranked withcomparative: relative; based on, or involving comparisoncomparatively: relatively; in comparisoncompare: examine and note the similarities or differences ofcompass: go about or entirely round; make the circuit of; enclose on all sides; surroundcompatible: harmonious; having similar disposition and tastescompel: force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by forcecompensate: make amends for; reimbursecompensation: something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injurycompete: contest; fightcompetent: capable; adeptcompetition: struggle; rivalry; act of competing as for profit or a prizecompetitive: of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting dispositioncompetitiveness: an aggressive willingness to competecompetitor: one who seeks what another seeks, or claims what another claims; one who competes; rivalcompile: put together or compose from materials gathered from several sourcescomplain: make a formal accusation; bring a formal chargecomplaint: expression of pain, dissatisfaction, or resentment; criticismcomplement: complete; consummate; make perfectcomplex: complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structurescomplexity: complicationcompliance: readiness to yield; happy friendly agreementcomplicated: difficult to analyze or understandcompliment: praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praisecomplimentary: expressing of praise, admiration, or congratulation; given free to repay a favor or as an act of courtesycomply: yield assent; accord; agree, or acquiesce; adapt one's self; fulfill; accomplishcomponent: element; ingredient; abstract part of somethingcompose: write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elementscomposite: made up of distinct parts or elements; compoundedcomposition: makeup; constitution; writing; essaycompound: combine; mix; constitute; pay interest; increasecomprehend: take in the meaning, nature, or importance of; graspcomprehension: grasp; ability to understandcomprehensive: thorough; including all or everything; broad in scopecompress: close; squeeze or press together; contractcompression: applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits requiredcomprise: include; consist of; be composed ofcompromise: adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation ofcompulsory: mandatory; obligatory; required by rulecomputation: calculationcompute: reckon; make mathematical calculationconceal: keep from being seen, found, observed, or discovered; secreteconcede: admit; yield; give up physical control of anotherconceit: overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive prideconceited: endowed with fancy or imagination; entertaining a flattering opinion of one's self; vainconceive: form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific wayconcentrate: bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one bodyconcept: something formed in the mind; thought or notionconception: beginning; forming of an idea; act of conceivingconcern: interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxietyconcert: performance of music by players or singers not involving theatrical staging; harmony; accordconcerted: planned or accomplished together; combinedconcession: act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admissionconcise: brief and compact; expressing much in few wordsconclude: enclose; reach as an end of reasoning; make final determination ; judge or decide; bring to an endconclusive: definitive; decisive; finalconcrete: solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate , and gravelconcurrent: simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same timecondemn: blame; denounce; express strong disapproval ofcondemnation: blamecondensation: compressioncondense: change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate condenser: lens used to concentrate light on an object; an apparatus that converts vapor into liquidcondition: mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstancesconduct: direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guideconductor: a device designed to transmit electricity, heat; person who collects fares on a public conveyance cone: a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point confer: bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over conference: meeting for consultation or discussion; exchange of viewsconfess: acknowledge; admitconfession: public declaration of faithconfide: disclose; reveal; tell in confidenceconfidence: feeling secure or certain about somethingconfident: assured; having or marked by assuranceconfidential: treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secretconfine: restrict in movement; circumscribeconfinement: state of being confined; restraint within limits; any restraint of liberty by forceconfirm: support or establish the certainty or validity of; verifyconfirmation: additional proof that something that was believed conflict: fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or eventsconform: comply with; follow; fit; meetconformity: similarity in form or character; agreementconfront: be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal withconfrontation: state of being confronted, especially a meeting face to face; clash of opinions and ideasconfuse: cause to be unable to think with clarity or act with intelligence or understanding; mix upconfusion: mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or ordercongestion: act of gathering or heaping together or forming a masscongratulation: act of acknowledging that someone has an occasion for celebrationcongress: meeting of elected or appointed representativescongressman: man who is a member of the U.S. Congress, especially of the House of Representativesconjunction: state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; leagueconnect: join, or fasten together; associate; combine; unite or link togetherconnection: relation between things or events; shifting from one form of transportation to anotherconquer: gain or acquire by force; take possession of by violent means; gain dominion overconquest: success in mastering something difficult conscience: motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgmentconscientious: diligent; responsible; reliableconscious: awake; alertconsciousness: having knowledge of ; special awareness or sensitivity:consecutive: following one after another without interruption; sequentialconsent: agree in opinion or sentiment; be of the same mind; accord; concur; allowconsequence: result; relation of a result to its cause; logical conclusion or inferenceconsequently: therefore; as a result or consequence of something; subsequentlyconservation: preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglectconservative: favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose changeconsiderable: worthy of consideration; large in amount, extent, or degreeconsiderably: substantially; significantly; to a degree worth consideringconsiderate: thoughtful; marked by consideration or reflection; deliberateconsideration: considerate and thoughtful act consign: give, transfer, or deliver in a formal manner, as if by signing over into the possession of anotherconsist: stand firm; be in a fixed or permanent state; be supported and maintainedconsistency: harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or partsconsistent: being in agreement with itself; coherent; regularconsole: cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfortconsolidate: make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firmconsonant: compatible; harmoniousconspicuous: noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obviousconspiracy: plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive actconstant: invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistentconstantly: in an unchangeable or invariable manner; in every case; perpetually; continuallyconstituent: component or part; citizen, voterconstitute: make up; form somethingconstitution: law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming somethingconstraint: something that restricts or confines within prescribed boundsconstruct: form by assembling or combining parts; build; createconstruction: act of constructing or building something consult: seek advice or information of; take into account; considerconsultant: an expert who gives advice consume: devour; eatconsumer: people who buy goods or servicesconsumption: eating or drinking of somethingcontact: get in touch with; reachcontain: include; incorporate; be capable of holdingcontainer: any object that can be used to hold thingscontemplate: look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thoughtcontemplation: act of the mind in considering with attention; continued attention of the mind to a particular subject; meditation; expectationcontemporary: modern; belonging to the same period of timecontempt: state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect ofcontemptuous: scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respectcontent: volume; something contained; material, including text and imagescontest: contend for; call in question; oppose; disputecontext: circumstancecontinent: one of the large landmasses of the earthcontinental: being or concerning or limited to a continent contingency: condition of being dependent on chance; uncertainty; possibilitycontract: constrict; make smaller; compress or concentratecontradict: confront; opposecontradiction: assertion of the contrary to what has been said or affirmed; denial of the truth of a statement or assertioncontrary: relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purposecontrast: act of distinguishing by comparing differencescontribute: provide; bestow a quality on contribution: act of contributing; contribution; payment exacted for special purpose; impost or levycontroversial: controvertible; disputablecontroversy: contentious speech act; argumentconvenience: state of being suitableconvenient: suited or favorable to one's comfort, purpose, or needs:; near; accessibleconvention: social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between statesconventional: based upon tradition rules; formed by agreement or compactconversant: familiar, as by study or experience; able to converse knowledgeablyconversation: general course of conduct; intimate fellowship or association; close acquaintance; informal dialogueconverse: chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughtsconversely: in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.conversion: change; transformationconvert: change something into another form; transformconvey: carry from one place to another; bear or transportconveyance: act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportationconvict: find or declare guiltyconviction: judgment that someone is guilty of crime; strongly held beliefconvince: overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guiltyconvinced: certain, surecooperate: work or act together toward a common end or purposecooperation: practice of cooperating; joint operation or actioncooperative: done with or working with otherscoordinate: bring order and organization to; harmonizecoordination: regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operationcordial: gracious; showing warm and friendlinesscore: basic, center, or most important part; essencecork: lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floatscorn: single seed of certain plants, as wheat; grain; small, hard particlecorner: position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an anglecorporate: united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to corporation or incorporated bodycorporation: business firm; a group of people combined into or acting as one bodycorrelate: relate; associate; bring into a mutual relationcorrelation: mutual relationship; interdependence or interconnection relationshipcorrespond: be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messagescorrespondence: similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letterscorrespondent: one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodicalcorresponding: accompanyingcorrode: destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn awaycorrosion: decay; erosioncorrupt: changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; taintedcorruption: bribery; fraudcosmic: pertaining to the universe; vastcosmopolitan: sophisticated; of worldwide scopecosmos: universe or universality of created things; ordered, harmonious wholecouch: sofa; arrange or dispose as in a bedcounsel: advise; suggestcountenance: give sanction or support to; tolerate or approvecounter: flat surface on which money is counted, business is transacted; one that is an oppositecountermand: cancel; revoke command or order; order or direct in opposition to; prohibit; forbidcounterpart: duplicate copy; analogue; one that closely resembles anothercountless: innumerable; infinite; too many to countcouple: a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one anothercourt: enclosed space; courtyard; uncovered area shut in by the walls of a buildingcourteous: exhibiting courtesy and politeness; showing regard or thought for otherscourtesy: polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of factcover: overspread the surface; envelop; shelter, as from evil or danger; protectcoverage: extent to which something is covered; news as presented by reporterscoward: person who lacks courage to face danger; timidcrab: a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeplycrack: break into simpler molecules by means of heat; split; hit forcefully; pass throughcradle: small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers; infancy, or very early lifecraft: something made by people; vesselcrash: smash; collision; falling down or in pieces with a loud noise of breaking partscrate: large basket, used for moving china or similar wares; box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with interspacescrave: ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; begcrawl: move slowly, as people or animals with the body near the groundcrazy: affected with madness; insane; derangedcreate: make or cause to be or to become; invest with a new thingcreation: act of creating or causing to existcredit: arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrowcreek: small stream, often a shallow tributary to a river; brookcreep: move slowly; move stealthily or cautiouslycrew: group of people working together, as in spacecraft, ship, plane or traincricket: outdoor game played with bats, a ball, and wickets by two teams of 11 players eachcriminal: one who has committed a crime; one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proofcrimson: bloodycripple: person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limbcrisis: dangerous situation; crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning pointcrisp: firm but easily broken or crumbled; brittlecritical: urgently needed; absolutely necessary; essential; acute; crucial; decisivecrook: bend, turn, or curve; curvature; flexurecrooked: having or marked by bends or angles; not straight or aligned; curvedcrop: the top, end, or highest part of anything, especially of plant or tree; grain or other product of field while standing; anything cut off or gatheredcrossing: traveling across; place at which roads, lines, or tracks intersect; intersectioncrouch: bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fearcrown: ornamental circlet or head covering, made of gold with jewels and worn as a symbol of sovereigntycrude: being in an unrefined or natural state; raw; lacking tact or taste; blunt or offensivecruise: sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasurecrumb: small fragment or piece, especially, a small piece of bread or other food; broken or cut offcrumble: break into small pieces; cause to fall in piecescrush: press between opposing bodies so as to break or injure; extract or obtain by pressing or squeezingcrust: outer layer ; covering; coat; shellcrystal: quartz; glassware made of quartz; high-quality, clear, colorless glasscube: three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; cubicle, used for work or studycubic: having three dimensionscubism: an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planescucumber: cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melonscultivate: improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth ofcultivation: production of food by preparing the land to grow cropsculture: all the knowledge and values shared by a society ; foster; raising of plants or animalscunning: knowing; skillful; artful; designing; deceitfulcupboard: a small room or cabinet used for storage spacecurb: bend or curve; guide and manage, or restraincure: medical or hygienic care; remedial treatment of disease; removal of disease or evilcuriosity: desire to know or learncurious: difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquirycurl: form into coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiralcurrency: money; general acceptance or usecurrent: stream; flow; up-to-date; presentcurrently: presently; at the present timecurse: call upon divine or supernatural power to send injury upon; bring great evil uponcurtail: cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any partcurve: bend or turn gradually from a given direction, as road curves to the rightcushion: soft pillow or pad usually used for sitting, reclining, or kneelingcustody: keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or securitycustom: tradition; practice followed by people of a particular group or regioncustomary: agreeing with or established by common usage; conventional; habitualcustomer: patron; one that buys goods or servicescustoms: money collected under a tariffcycle: periodically repeated sequence of events; long period of time; entire round in a circle or a spire
dagger: knife; short pointed weapon with sharp edgesdainty: delicately beautiful or charming; exquisite; gratification or pleasure taken in anythingdairy: place where milk is produced, kept, or converted into butter or cheesedam: barrier to prevent the flow of liquid, especially built across a water coursedamp: humid; moist; slightly wetdangerous: full of risk; perilous; hazardous; unsafedaring: bold; bravedart: move suddenly and rapidlydash: throw with violence or haste; break, as by throwing or by collision; form or sketch rapidlydata: collection of facts, observations, or other information related to a particular question or problemdate: mark the time of; assign a date todawn: time each morning at which daylight first begins; beginning; startdazzle: overpower with light; confuse the sight of by brilliance of light; bewilder or surprise with brilliancydazzling: bright; brilliantdeadly: fatal; lethal; causing or tending to cause deathdeaf: unable to perceive sounds; hard of hearing; unwilling to hear or listen; regardless; not to be persuadeddeal: part or portion; share; indefinite quantity, degree, or extent, degree, or extent; distribution; arrangementdean: dignitary or presiding officer; head in the faculty of some colleges or universitiesdebate: discussion; dispute; discussion involving opposing pointsdebt: liability; obligation; money or goods or services owed by one person to anotherdecade: a group or division of ten, especially a period of ten yearsdecay: decompose; break sown; disintegration; rottenness; decline; worsen; decadencedeceit: attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration, artifice, or practice, which misleads another, or causes him to believe what is falsedeceive: fool; cause to believe what is not true; misleaddecent: suitable; modest.; honorable; meeting accepted standardsdeception: act of deceivingdecimal: of tens; numbered or proceeding by tens; based on tendeck: a pack of 52 cards; any of various floor-like platforms built into a vessel declaration: announcement; explicit statement; formal public statementdeclare: state clearly; make known formally or officiallydecline: change toward something smaller or lower ; gradual falling off from a better statedecompose: decaydecorate: adorn; embellishdecoration: act of decorating something; something used to beautify decorative: ornamental; embellishing; serving an esthetic rather than a useful purposedecrease: lessen; reduce; make a quantity smallerdecree: order from one having authority; decision, order, or sentence by courtdedicate: set apart; devoted; consecrateddeduce: lead forth; reach a conclusion by reasoning; trace the origin or derivation ofdeduct: lead forth or out; take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtractdeed: something that is carried out; act or action; feat or exploitdeem: decide; judge; sentence; condemndefault: failure to act; an option that is selected automaticallydefeat: disfigure; destroy; frustrate; overcome or vanquish; resist withdefect: abandon or turn against; cease or change one's loyalty defective: having a defect; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; lackingdefence: act of defending against attack, danger, or injurydefend: make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harmdefer: delay till later; put off; hold back to a later timedefiance: refusal to yield; readiness to contend or resistdeficiency: scarcity; lack or shortage, especially of something essential to healthdeficient: inadequate; lacking an essential quality or elementdeficit: inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortagedefine: determine the nature of; give a definition; describe the nature or basic qualities of; explaindefinite: fixed; exact; having distinct limitsdefinitely: unequivocally; clearly; without question and beyond doubtdefinition: clarity of outline; concise explanationdefinitive: final; complete; precisely defined or explicitdeflate: reduce from an inflated condition; release contained air or gas fromdeflect: turn aside; draw someone's attention away from somethingdeform: change shape by stress; become misshapen; make formlessdeformation: alteration in the shape or dimensions; a change for the worse defray: paycosts of; undertake payment of; make compensation to or fordefy: renounce or dissolve all bonds of affiance, faith, or obligation with; provoke to combat or strifedegradation: humiliation; debasement; decline to a lower condition, quality, or leveldegrade: reduce level; lower grade of somethingdelay: act later than planned; put off; adjournmentdelegate: person authorized to act as representative for another; deputydelete: erase; strike out; remove or make invisibledeliberate: consider; think about carefully; weighdeliberately: intentionally; purposely; with careful consideration or deliberation; with full intent;delicate: pleasing to the senses, especially in a subtle way; easily hurt; very subtle in differencedelicious: extremely pleasing to the sense of taste; greatly pleasing or entertainingdelinquency: failure or omission of duty; fault; misdeed; offense or crimedelinquent: failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.deliver: set free from restraint; set at liberty; release; give or transferdelusion: false belief; mistaken or unfounded opiniondemocracy: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them demolish: raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end todemolition: act of overthrowing, pulling down, or destroyingdemonstrate: show clearly and deliberately; manifest; confirm; provedemonstration: proof; act of showing or making evidentdenial: act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a requestdenomination: class, society, or collection of individuals called by the same name; specifically, a religious sectdenote: indicate; signify directly; refer to specificallydenounce: condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal mannerdense: thick; crowded closely together; compactdensity: thickness; quantity of something per unit measure, especially per unit length, area, or volumedent: cavity; a depression scratched or carved into a surface dentist: a person qualified to practice dentistrydeny: disagree with; refuse; declare untruedepart: take off; leave; set outdeparture: act of departingdependable: reliable; worthy of being depended on; trustworthydependence: reliance; lack of independence or self-sufficiencydependent: relying on or requiring the aid of another for supportdepict: represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describedeplete: decrease fullness of; use up or empty outdeposit: money given as a guarantee or securitydeposition: testimony under oath; act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural processdepreciate: lessen price or value of; think or speak of as being of little worth; belittledepreciation: devaluation; decrease in price or valuedepress: lower in spirits; press downdepressed: sad; gloomy; low in spirits; dejecteddepression: recession; economic slump; concavity in a surface produced by pressing ; sadness; low spiritsdeprive: deny; take awaydeputy: one appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him; substitute in officederive: obtain or receive from a source; trace the origin or development ofdescend: move downward and lower; come from; be connected by a relationship of blooddescendant: offspring; person considered as descended from some ancestor or racedescent: ancestry; origin; the descendants of one individual; drop; fall; a movement downward description: act of describing; sketch or account of anything in wordsdesert: area with little or no vegetation; forsake; abandondeserve: be worthy of; have a right todesign: act of working out the form of something; creation of something in the mind; formulate a plan fordesignate: indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title todesirable: worthwhile; worth doing or achieving; advisabledesire: anything which is longing fordesolate: unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitantsdespair: loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondencydesperate: having lost all hope; dangerous; extremely intensedespise: dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorndespite: lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike; disdain, contemptuous feelings, hatreddessert: a dish served as the last course of mealdestination: ultimate goal; place to which one is going or directeddestine: decree or designate beforehand; fatedestiny: event that will inevitably happen in the futuredestruction: havoc; event that completely destroys somethingdestructive: devastating; ruinousdetach: part; separate or disunite; disengagedetain: keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delaydetect: feel; discover the presence of; identifydetection: act of detecting; being open what was concealed or hidden; discoverydetective: investigator; one, usually of police force, who investigates crimes and obtains evidencedeteriorate: become worse; declinedetermination: act of making or arriving at a decision; putting an end to; terminationdetermine: fix the boundaries of; mark off and separate; set bounds to; decide conclusively and authoritativelydetour: a turning; circuitous route; deviation from a direct coursedetriment: harm; damage; injury; something that causes damage, harm, or lossdetrimental: causing damage or harm; injuriousdeviate: turn away from a principle, norm; depart; divergedevice: technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasksdevise: form, plan, or arrange in the mind; transmit or give by willdevote: dedicate; contributedevotion: faithfulness; ardent, often selfless affection and dedicationdevour: consume; eat greedily; destroy completely diagnose: analyze; examine; identifydiagnosis: art of identifying disease; critical analysis of nature of somethingdiagram: graph; chart; figure or drawing made to illustrate a statement; plandialect: vocabulary that is for a specific group of peoplediameter: length of straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumferencedictate: prescribe; rule as a dictatordictator: one who dictates; one who prescribes rules and maxims authoritatively for the direction of others.diction: choice and use of words in speech or writingdiet: nutritional plan; nourishment; a prescribed selection of foodsdiffer: be or stand apart; disagree; be unlike; be distinguisheddigest: break down; make more concise; convert food into absorbable substancesdigestion: process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed and assimilated by the bodydigital: of or performance to fingers, or to digits; done with the fingersdignity: quality or state of being worthy of esteem or respect.diligent: assiduous; industrious; hard-workingdilute: weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as waterdim: emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightnessdime: a United States coin worth one tenth of a dollar dimension: measure of spatial extent, especially width, height, or length; size; aspect; elementdimensional: of or relating to dimensionsdiminish: dwindle; reduce; make smaller or less or to cause to appear sodine: eat principal regular meal of the day; take dinner; give a dinner todingy: darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discoloreddip: insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten; appear to move downwarddiploma: document certifying the successful completion of a course of study diplomacy: tact; politics; negotiation between nationsdiplomat: one who uses skill and tact in dealing with others, such as an ambassador, who has been appointed to represent a government in its relations with other governmentsdiplomatic: relating to diplomacy; marked by tact and sensitivity in dealing with othersdisable: deprive of capability or effectiveness; unable; impair; diminishdisadvantage: drawback; defect; hinder; unfavorable condition or circumstancedisappointment: feeling of dissatisfactiondisapproval: a feeling of disliking something or what someone is doingdisaster: catastrophe; misfortunedisastrous: extremely bad; terrible; dreadfuldisc: flat round plate; circular structure either in plants or animalsdiscard: throw out something from one's hand; get rid ofdiscern: detect; perceivedischarge: relieve of a burden or of contents; unload; pour forth or release; complete or carry out; give offdiscipline: trait of being well behaved ; act of punishing ; system of rules of conduct or method of practicedisclose: unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to viewdiscomfort: distress; uneasiness; mental or bodily distressdiscount: give reduction in price ondiscourage: depress; take away hope fromdiscourse: formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversationdiscreet: free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishablediscrepancy: lack of consistency; differencediscretion: knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress; trait of judging wisely and objectivelydiscriminate: make a clear distinction; distinguish; make sensible decisions; judge wiselydisdain: view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversiondisgrace: state of dishonor; bring shame or dishonor upondisguise: dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deceptiondisgust: strong feelings of dislike; offend the taste or moral sense ofdisinclined: not inclined; having a disinclination; being unwilling disinfectant: substance which kills germs or viruses; agent for removing the causes of infection, as chlorinedismal: causing gloom or depression; dreary; somber; melancholydismay: destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasmdismiss: stop considering; end employment or service of; discharge; refuse to accept or recognizedisorder: neglect of order or system; irregularity; disturbance; sicknessdisparity: difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degreedispatch: act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in hastedispel: scatter; drive away; cause to vanishdispense: distribute; prepare and give out; deal out in parts or portionsdisperse: move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely knowndisplace: move or shift from the usual place or position, especially to force to leave a homelanddisplacement: act of removing from office or employment display: exhibit; present or hold up to view; show; demonstrate; give evidence of; manifestdispose: get rid of; settle or decide a matter; place or set in a particular order; arrangedisposed: prepared; inclined; be ready; being particular condition of body or of healthdisposition: natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of somethingdispute: argument; angry altercation; quarrel; verbal controversy; debatedisregard: ignore; discount; take no notice ofdissimilar: different; unlikedissipate: spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; dispersedissolve: melt; liquefy; cause to pass into solution; cause to disappear or vanishdistance: space between two objects; length of a line, especially the shortest line joining two points or things that are separatedistant: far in space or time; cold in mannerdistinct: definite; separate; differentdistinction: excellence or eminence; note or mark of differencedistinctly: clear to the mind; in a distinct waydistinguish: characterize; differentiate; recognizedistinguished: prominent; celebrated, well-known or eminent because of past achievementsdistort: twist out of proper or natural relation of parts; misshape; misrepresentdistortion: mistake of misrepresenting the factsdistract: cause to turn away from original focus; pull in conflicting emotional directions; unsettledistraction: extreme mental or emotional disturbance; obsession; confusion of affairs; being drawn apartdistress: discomfort; cause strain, anxiety, or suffering todistribute: hand out; disseminate; allocatedistribution: act of distributing or spreading or apportioning district: region; territory within which the lord has the power of coercing and punishing; division of territorydisturb: upset; bother; trouble emotionally or mentally; put out of order; disarrangedisturbance: disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorderditch: trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earthdive: plunge, especially headfirst, into water; plummetdiver: one who works underwaterdiverge: vary; go in different directions from the same pointdivergence: difference; deviation; separation; the act of moving away in different directiondiverse: differing in some characteristics; variousdiversion: act of turning aside; pastime; activity that relaxes or entertainsdiversity: point or respect in which things differ; differencedivert: distract; withdraw money and move into a different locationdivide: sever into two or more parts or pieces; separate into parts; cause to be separatedivine: perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deitydivision: act or process of diving anything into parts; state of being divided; separationdivorce: end a marriage; legal dissolution of a marriagedizzy: having or causing a whirling sensationdock: deprive someone of benefits; remove or shorten the tail of an animaldoctrine: principles presented for belief, as by religious; principle of law; act of teaching; instructiondocument: provide written evidence; record in detaildocumentary: film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event; of or derived from documentsdocumentation: confirmation that some fact or statement is true dodge: avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; shifty or ingenious trickdoll: small toy with human figure, normally for little childdomain: field; territory over which rule or control is exercised; networked computers that share a common addressdome: building or house, especially as great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like cupoladomestic: house-hold; of or relating to the home ; within the country or homedominant: major; important; outweighingdominate: monopolize; command; rule; prevail; be prevalent indonate: grant; present as a gift to a fund or cause; contributedonation: grant; act of giving to a fund or causedoom: judgment; judicial sentence; penal decree; condemnationdormitory: a college or university building for student living; a large bedroom where several people sleepdose: quantity of medicine given; sufficient quantity; portiondot: the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shapedoubt: being in uncertainty as to belief respecting anythingdoubtful: distrustful; skeptical; full of doubt; having doubt; not settled in opiniondoubtless: free from fear or suspiciondowntown: commercial center of a town or citydoze: slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsydraft: rough outline; draw up an outline; sketchdrag: move or bring by force or with great effortdrain: draw out; flow out; wastedrainage: emptying accomplished by draining; gradual flowing off, as of a liquiddrama: play; literary work intended for theaterdramatic: striking; sensational in appearance or thrilling in effectdramatize: represent something in a dramatic manner; add details todrastic: radical; taking effect violently or rapidlydraw: cause to move continuously by force applied in advance of the thing moved; pull along; haul; dragdrawback: disadvantage or inconvenience; shortcoming; refund or remittance, such as a discount on duties or taxesdrawer: boxlike container in a piece of furniture, made so as to slide in and outdrawing: creation of artistic drawingsdread: fearful or distasteful anticipation; terror; horrordreadful: very unpleasant; distasteful or shockingdreary: gloomy; dismal; dark, colorless, or cheerlessdrench: cause to drink, especially by force; put potion down throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughlydrift: float; moving aimlessly; wanderdrill: bore; pierce; make a hole; practice; traindrip: process of falling in drops; liquid or moisture that falls in drops; sound made by liquid falling in dropsdrought: dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfalldrown: kill by submerging and suffocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness ofdubious: questionable; filled with doubtdue: owed and payable immediately or on demand; proper and appropriate; fittingdull: lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuseduly: as it ought to be; properly; regularlydumb: mute; lacking the power of speechdump: sell at artificially low prices; throw away as refuseduplicate: one that corresponds exactly to another, especially an original; identical copy; facsimiledurable: lasting; long-lasting; enduringduration: length of time something lastsdwarf: cause to seem small; check natural growth or development ofdwell: live as a resident; exist in a given place or statedweller: a person who inhabits a particular placedwelling: residence; place to live in; abodedye: substance used to color materialsdynamic: energetic; vigorously active
eager: avid; enthusiasticearnest: seriousness; reality; fixed determination; eagerness; intentnessearthquake: quake from underground; disturbance that is extremely disruptive; temblorease: satisfaction; pleasure; entertainment; freedom from careeccentric: departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or patterneccentricity: oddity; departure from that which is stated, regular, or usual; deviation from centerecho: sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear; repetition of a soundeclipse: darken; exceed in importance; outweighecology: science of the relationships between organisms and their environmentseconomic: pertaining to economy; frugal; cheapeconomical: thrifty; saving; using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectivenesseconomics: branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management economize: save money or resource; cut back; be thriftyeconomy: efficient use of resources; reduction in cost; specific type of economic systemecstasy: intense joy or delight; any overpowering emotionedge: brink; perimeter; marginedit: revise and prepare for publication; select, correct, arrange matter of, for publicationedition: whole number of copies of a work printed and published; single copy; act of editingeditorial: of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editoreducation: act or process of educating; the result of educatingeffective: efficient; productive; producing a strong impression or responseeffectiveness: efficiency; quality of being effectiveefficiency: effectiveness; quality or property of being efficient; ratio of useful output to the total input in any systemefficient: effective; acting directly to produce an effect; exhibiting a high ratio of output to inputeffort: exertion of strength or power, whether physical or mental, in performing an act or aiming at an objecteject: put out or expel from a place; dischargeelaborate: marked by complexity and richness of detail; done with care and in minute detailelaboration: production by gradual process; act of working out with great care in detailelapse: slip or glide away; pass away silentlyelastic: springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or conditionelasticity: tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressedelbow: hinge joint between the forearm and upper armelection: voting; balloting; right or ability to make a choiceelectrical: pertaining to electricity; electricelectrician: one whose occupation is the installation, maintenance, repair, or operation of electric equipment and circuitryelectron: elementary particle with negative chargeelectronic: of or pertaining to an electron or electrons.electronics: branch of physics that deals with the behavior of electrons; electronic deviceselegance: refined quality of gracefulness and good tasteelegant: refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or styleelement: fundamental or essential constituent of a composite entity; basic assumptions or principles of a subjectelementary: basic; fundamentalelevate: raise; give a promotion to or assign to a higher positionelevation: altitude; heightelevator: lifting device consisting of a platform or cageeliminate: eradicate; abolish; rule outelimination: act of removing or getting rid of somethingellipsis: omission of words from text; mark or series of marks used in writing to indicate omissionelliptical: rounded like an egg; in a shape reminding of an ellipse; ovaleloquence: powerful and effective language; persuasive speecheloquent: vividly or movingly expressive; persuasiveelusive: difficult to describe; difficult to detect or grasp by mindemancipate: free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberateemancipation: freeing someone from the control of anotherembargo: ban on commerce or other activityembark: commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journeyembarrass: humiliate; shame; cause to feel self-conscious or ill at ease; disconcertembassy: diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an ambassadorembody: give a bodily form to; represent in bodily or material form; incorporateembrace: hug; adopt or espouse; accept readily; hold close with the arms, usually as an expression of affectionembroider: decorate with needlework; add details toembroidery: elaboration by the use of decorative detail; ornamentation of fabric with needleworkemerge: come into prominence; spring up; appearemergency: sudden unforeseen crisis; condition of urgent need for action or assistanceemigrant: someone who leaves one country to settle in anotheremigrate: remove from one country or State to another, for the purpose of residence; migrate from homeeminent: standing out above other things; high in rank, office, or worthemission: radiation; discharge; act of emittingemit: give off; send out; give out as soundemotion: feeling; mood; state of mental agitation or disturbanceemotional: sentimental; passionate; excitable; easily movedemphasis: special attention or effort directed toward something; stressemphasize: stress; underscore; utter or pronounce with a particular stress of voiceempirical: derived from experiment and observation rather than theoryemploy: engage the services of; put to work; applyemployee: worker; person who works for another in return for financial or other compensationemployer: a person or firm that employs workersemployment: act of employing or usingempty: containing nothing; not holding or having anything within; void of contents or appropriate contentsenable: supply with the means, knowledge, or opportunity; make able; make feasible or possibleenchant: charm by sorcery; get control of by magical words and ritesencircle: form a circle about; inclose within a circle or ring; surroundenclose: include; surround on all sides; close inenclosure: place where animals are keptencounter: face; confront; meet, especially unexpectedly; come uponencourage: activate; stimulateendanger: threaten; jeopardize; do something that may damage it or destroy itendeavor: attempt by employing effortendless: without end; having no end or conclusion; perpetual; interminableendorse: acknowledge by signing a bill, draft, or other instrumentendorsement: act of endorsing; support; formal and explicit approval; signature that validates somethingendow: grant; award; give qualities or abilities toendurance: perseverance; state or fact of persevering; continuing existenceendure: tolerate; carry on through, despite hardshipsenergetic: active; brisk; vigorousenergy: exertion of force; capacity for work or vigorous activity; usable heat or powerenforce: put force upon; force; constrain; compel; put in motion or action by violenceengage: obtain for services of; arrange for the use of; pledge or promise, especially to marryengagement: act of engaging, pledging, enlisting, occupying, or entering into contest; state of being in gearengrave: carve or cut into a block or surface, as used for printing; impress deeply as if by carvingengraving: practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into itengulf: absorb or swallow up as in a gulf; flow over or cover completelyenhance: make better or more attractive; increase; improveenhancement: act of increasing, or state of being increased; augmentation; aggravationenlighten: supply with light; illuminate, as the sun enlightens the earth; make clear to the intellect or conscienceenormous: very great in size, extent, number, or degrees; huge; massiveenquire: seek information by asking a questionenquiry: search for knowledge enrich: make rich; richen; improveenroll: insert in a roil; register or enter in list or catalogue; insert in records; enlistenrolment: act of enrolling; specifically, the registering, recording, or enteringensure: make sure or certain; insure; assureentail: imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental wayenterprise: company; firm; organization created for business ventures entertain: amuse; hostentertainment: amusement; funenthusiasm: great excitement for or interest in a subject or cause; feeling of excitemententhusiastic: having or showing great excitement and interestentitle: give right to; authorize; furnish with a right or claim to something; designate; give title toentrance: fill with delight or wonder; put into a trance; attractentreat: plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestlyentrust: give over something to another for care, protection, or performance; give as a trust to someone;entry: admission; entrance; item inserted in a written recordenumerate: list each one; mention one by oneenvelop: enclose or encase completely with or as if with a coveringenvironment: surroundings; totality of surrounding conditionsenvy: malice; ill will; discontent or uneasiness at another's excellence or good fortune, accompanied with hatredepidemic: outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely; widely prevalentepisode: a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected seriesepoch: particular period of history, especially one considered remarkableequal: having the same quantity, measure, or value as another; identicalequality: state or quality of being equalequation: making equal; equal division; equality; equilibriumequator: the imaginary great circle on the earth's surface, everywhere equally distant from the two poles, and dividing the earth's surface into two hemispheresequilibrium: mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motivesequip: supply with necessities such as tools or provisions; furnish with the qualities necessary for performanceequipment: apparatusequivalent: interchangeable; comparable; equal, as in value, force, or meaningeradicate: completely destroy; eliminate; exterminateerase: rub letters or characters written, engraved, or paintederect: construct; stand; set uperosion: corrosion; a gradual decline of somethingerrand: short trip taken to perform a specified task; mission; embassyerupt: explode; burst out; become violently activeeruption: outbreak; sudden, often violent outburstescalator: stairway whose steps move continuously on a circulating beltescape: act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evilescort: one who conducts someone as attendant; guard; protection, care, or safeguard on a journeyessay: effort made for performance of anything; short literary composition on a single subjectessence: most essential or most vital part of some idea or experienceessential: necessary; critical; vital; constituting or being part of the essence of somethingestablish: set up or found; buildestablishment: act of establishing; ratifying or ordaining; settlement; arranged order or system, especially a legal codeestate: extensive landed property; everything you own; all of your assetsesteem: regard with respect; favorable regardestimate: judge to be probable; form an opinion about; evaluateeternal: forever; being without beginning or end; existing outside of time; infiniteevaluate: judge; examine and judge carefully; appraiseevaporate: vaporize; disappear; change into a vaporevaporation: process of extracting moistureeventful: busy; momentous; full of events or incidentseventually: ultimately; in the final result or issue; in the endeverlasting: continuing forever or indefinitelyevidence: something which makes evident or manifest; any mode of proofevident: easily seen or understood; obvious; apparent; clearevolution: development; progressionevolve: develop; growexact: precisely agreeing with standard, fact, or truth; perfectly conformingexaggerate: represent as greater than is actually the case; overstate; magnify; do something to an excessive degreeexaggeration: overstatement; act of making something more noticeable than usualexalt: raise in rank or dignity; praiseexalted: superior; elevated in rank, character, or status; of high moral or intellectual valueexasperate: make worse; irritate; make very angry or impatient; annoy greatlyexceed: go beyond; be or do something to a greater degreeexceedingly: in a very great degree; beyond what is usual; surpassinglyexcel: be superior; distinguish oneselfexcellent: surpassing others in some good quality or the sum of qualities; of great worth; eminent, in a good senseexception: instance that does not conform to a ruleexceptional: extraordinary; unusual; well above averageexcess: amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; surplusexcessive: extreme; inordinate; too muchexchange: substitute; trade in; give in return for something receivedexcite: arouseexcitement: state of being emotionally arousedexciting: creating or producing excitementexclaim: cry out suddenly, as from surprise or emotionexclude: leave out of; keep out of; rejectexclusion: rejection; act of excluding or shutting outexclusive: not divided or shared with others; excluding much or all; not allowing something elseexclusively: without any others being included or involved; purely; strictlyexcursion: trip; usually short journey made for pleasureexcuse: free from blame; clear from guilt; release from a charge; forgive entirelyexecute: put into effect; carry out the legalities ofexecution: accomplishment; putting into practice; putting a person to deathexecutive: role of government which makes sure that laws are carried out; administratorexemplify: serve as an example of; embodyexempt: not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxationexert: cause; apply; exerciseexertion: effort; expenditure of much physical workexhaust: gases ejected from an engine as waste products ; use up the whole supply ofexhausted: depleted; tiredexhaustion: act of draining out or draining off; act of emptying completely of the contents; state of being exhausted or emptiedexhaustive: treating all parts or aspects without omission; comprehensiveexhibit: show, make visible or apparentexhibition: exposition; presentation; large-scale public showingexile: force separation from one's native countryexit: passage or way out; act of going away or outexonerate: acquit; free from blame; discharge from dutyexpand: become larger in size or volume; grow stronger; add detailsexpansion: growth; extent or amount by which something has expandedexpedient: suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interestexpedite: process fast and efficiently; execute quickly and efficientlyexpedition: journey organized for a particular purposeexpel: oust; discharge; force or drive outexpend: lay out, apply, or employ in any way; consume by use; use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; spendexpenditure: payment or expense; outputexpert: person with a high degree of skill in or knowledge of a certain subjectexpertise: specialized knowledge; expert skillexpiration: act of coming to a close; termination; act of breathing out; exhalationexpire: come to an end; terminate; lose validity; breathe one's last breath; dieexplicit: precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspokenexplode: erupt; blow up; burst violently as a result of internal pressureexploit: make use of, sometimes unjustlyexploitation: unfair use of someone’s work giving little in returnexploration: travel for the purpose of discoveryexplore: investigate systematically; examine; searchexplorer: someone who travels into little known regionsexplosive: tending or serving to sudden outburst; sudden and loudexport: sell or transfer abroad expose: set forth; set out to public viewexposition: exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugueexposure: risk, particularly of being exposed to disease; unmasking; act of laying something openexpressive: demonstrative; indicativeexpressly: particularly; specifically; in an explicit mannerexquisite: excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminatingextend: open or straighten something out; unbend; prolongextension: supplement; act of extending or the condition of being extendedextensive: widespread; far-reaching; wideextent: extensive space or area; distance or area over which something extendsexterior: outside; external or outward appearanceexternal: exterior; outer; suitable for application to the outsideextinct: no longer existing or living; vanished; deadextinction: death of all its remaining membersextinguish: quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroyextra: something additional of the same kindextract: draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstaclesextraordinary: exceptional; remarkable; beyond what is ordinary or usualextravagant: wandering beyond one's bounds; exceeding due bounds; wild; excessive; unrestrainedextreme: outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limiteye: small hole or loop; good discernment; organ of vision or of light sensitivity
fabric: cloth; stuff; artifact made by weaving or synthetic fibers; structure; frameworkfabricate: build; put together out of components or partsface: confront; encounter; be oppositefacilitate: help bring about; make less difficultfacility: service, space, and equipment provided for a particular purposefaction: a party of persons having a common end in viewfactor: anything that contributes causally to a result; element; variablefade: disappear; die out; lose color; lose freshnessfaint: lacking strength or vigor ; weakfairly: in fair manner; clearly; openly; plainly; fully; distinctly; franklyfairy: enchantment; illusion; imaginary supernatural being or spiritfaith: loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person; complete confidencefaithful: believer; followerfake: imitation; counterfeit; having a false or misleading appearancefall: drop; sink; lose an upright position suddenly; decrease in size, extent, or rangefame: favorable public reputation; great renownfamiliar: well known or easily recognizedfamiliarity: state of being familiar; intimate and frequent converse, or association; unconstrained intercourse; freedom from ceremony and constraint; intimacyfamine: shortage of food; starvationfanatic: person who is zealously enthusiastic for some cause; showing evidence of possession by a god or demonfancy: capricious notion; something many people believe that is falsefantastic: excellent; extraordinary; strange in form, conception, or appearancefare: food and drink; diet; transportation charge; a paying passengerfarewell: acknowledgment at parting; goodbye; act of departing or taking leavefascinate: cause to be interested or curious; captivatefascination: capacity to attract intense interestfashion: style, shape, appearance, or mode of structure; pattern, modelfashionable: conforming to the current style; being or in accordance with current fashionfasten: attach; affixfatal: causing deathfathom: measure the depth; come to understandfatigue: physical or mental weariness; exhaustionfault: crack; a crack in the earth; defect; flaw; a wrong actionfavorable: approving or pleasing; granting what has been desired or requestedfeasible: capable of being accomplished or brought aboutfeast: a festival or holiday; festive or joyous meal; something highly agreeable; entertainmentfeat: achievement; accomplishmentfeature: prominent aspect of somethingfederal: of or relating to central government; nationalfederation: uniting in a league; confederation; leaguefee: give a tip beyond the agreed-on compensationfeeble: lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frailfeed: give food to; supply with nourishmentfeedback: response to an inquiry or experiment fell: capable of destroying; lethalfellowship: state or relation of being or associate; companionship of persons on equal and friendly terms; state of being togetherfemale: for or composed of women or girlsferocious: fierce; savage; wild; indicating crueltyferry: shuttle; transport by boat or aircraftfertile: rich; fruitful; inventive; creative; intellectually productivefertilizer: any substance used to make soil more fertilefervent: extremely hot; sincerely or intensely feltfestival: a day or period of time for feasting and celebrationfetch: take away or remove; reduce; go or come after and bring or take backfeud: bitter quarrel between two partiesfiber: slender, elongated, threadlike object or structure; material to make paper or clothfiction: story; imaginative creation; literary work whose content is produced by imaginationfictional: imaginary; invented, as opposed to realfierce: ferocious; savage; extremely severe or violent; terriblefig: small fruit tree with large leaves, known from the remotest antiquityfigurative: not literal, but metaphorical; using figure of speechfigure: model of a bodily form; impression produced by a person; written or printed symbol representing a numberfile: line; proceed in linefilter: strain; pass liquid or gas through device that blocks some matter by particular criterionfilth: foul matter; anything that soils or defiles; dirt; corruption; pollutionfilthy: nasty; dirty; polluted; foul; impurefinal: forming or occurring at the end; terminating; ultimate; conclusivefinance: management of money and credit and banking and investments; subsidizing; fundfinancial: monetary; pertaining or relating to money mattersfinancing: subsidy; transaction that provides funds for a businessfinite: having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; boundedfir: any of various evergreen trees of the genus Abiesfirm: hard; solid; resolute; determinedfishery: business or practice of catching fish; fishing; a place for catching fish; the right to take fish at a certain placefist: hand with the fingers doubled into the palm; closed handfit: be the right size or shape; conform to some shape or sizefitness: health; vigor; state or condition of being fit; suitability or appropriatenessfitting: small accessory to a larger system; small detachable part for a machine or apparatus; act of trying on clothesfixed: firmly in position; stationaryfixture: commonplace object; object firmly fixed in place flag: become less intense; sink, or settle from pressureflake: flat thin piece or layer; chip; small piece; small crystalline bit of snowflame: stream of burning vapor or gas, emitting light and heat; passion of loveflap: flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slapflare: sudden outburst of emotion; glare; shine; shine with sudden lightflash: emit a brief burst of light; appear briefly; sudden intense burst of radiant energyflask: a small bottle-shaped vessel for holding fluids; narrow-necked vessel of metal or glassflatter: compliment someone, often insincerely and sometimes to win favor; enhance someone's vanity by praising themflavor: distinctive taste; quality produced by the sensation of tasteflaw: crack or breach; gap or fissure; defect; fault; sudden burst of noise and disorderflee: run away, as from danger or evil; avoid in alarmed or cowardly mannerfleece: rob; strip of money or other property unjustly, especially by trickery or fraud; ask unreasonable pricefleet: a group of steamships under the same ownership; a group of vessels or vehiclesflesh: soft tissue of body, mainly muscle and fat; substance; reality; surface or skin of human body; meat of animalsflexibility: quality of being adaptable or variableflexible: pliant; elastic; capable of being bent or flexed; pliableflicker: flutter; flap the wings without flying; waver unsteadily, like a flame in a current of airfling: throw with force or recklessness; throw or cast away; move in an abruptfloat: drift along; make the surface of level or smooth; move lightlyflock: group; herd; crowd; gather; crowd; throngflour: fine powdery foodstuff; soft, fine powderflourish: grow well; decorate with ornaments; be in a period of productivityfluctuate: rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularlyfluctuation: a wave motionfluency: quality of smoothness of flow; quality of being fluent in languagefluent: easy and graceful in shape; graceful; smooth and unconstrained in movementflush: turn red, as from fever, embarrassment, or strong emotion; glow, especially with a reddish color; flow suddenlyflutter: vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusionflux: flowing; series of changes; state of being liquid through heatfoam: white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquidsfocus: most important thing; a fixed reference point; center of interest or activityfodder: coarse food for cattle or horsesfoe: enemy; one who entertains hatred, grudge; adversaryfog: droplets of water vapor suspended in air near ground ; hazefoggy: obscured by fog; indistinct or hazy in outlinefold: make something double; bend or lay so that one part covers the otherfoliage: masses of leaves; a cluster of leaves, flowers, and branchesfoolish: marked with, or exhibiting, folly; void of understanding; weak in intellect; without judgmentforbid: not allow; prohibit; preventforecast: prediction about how something will develop, as for weatherforefather: ancestor; forebearforemost: leading; main; primary; first in time or placeforesee: anticipate; predictforetell: tell of or indicate beforehand; predictforge: workplace where metal is worked by heating and hammeringforgery: act of forging, especially the illegal production of something counterfeitforgive: give wholly; cease to feel resentment against; excuse for a fault or an offense; give up; resignformal: official; executed, carried out, or done in proper or regular formformality: quality or condition of being formal; something done just for form's sakeformat: pattern; design; set into a specific patternformation: configuration; patternformer: preceding in order of time; antecedent; previous; prior; earlierformerly: previously;at an earlier time; onceformidable: arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeatformula: plan; directions for making something; a group of symbols that make a mathematical statementformulate: decide upon and express in wordsforsake: leave someone who needs or counts on youfort: a fortified defensive structure; permanent army postforthcoming: ready or about to appear; making appearancefortitude: bravery; force; power to attack or to resist attackfortnight: a period of fourteen consecutive daysfortress: fort; castle; fortified place, especially a large military stronghold, often includes a townfortunate: lucky; bringing something good and unforeseenfortune: arrival of something in a sudden or unexpected manner; chance; accident; luckforum: place to discuss public concerns; meeting or medium for open discussionforward: at or to or toward the front; toward the futurefossil: remnant; remains of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological agefoster: rear; promote the growth of; help developfoul: act that violates of the rules of a sportfound: establish or set up, especially with provision for continuing existence; melt metal and pour into a moldfoundation: basis on which something is groundedfounder: person who establishes an organization, businessfountain: spring of water issuing from the earth; artificially produced jet or stream of waterfraction: segment; fragment; a small proportion offracture: break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abusefragile: easy to destroy, delicate, not strongfragment: small part broken off or detached; fractionfragrance: scent; aroma; distinctive odor that is pleasantfragrant: pleasant-smelling; odorousfrail: physically weak; easily brokenframe: structure that gives shape or support; closed, often rectangular border of drawn or printed linesframework: fundamental structure, as for a written work; skeletonfranchise: right granted by authority; right to vote; business licensed to sell a product in particular areafrank: honest; sincere; open and sincere in expression; straightforwardfreight: transport commercially as cargo; load with goods; goods carried by a large vehiclefret: cause to be uneasy; wear awayfriction: clash in opinion; rubbing against; conflictfrightening: inspiring with fear; causing fear; of capable of causing fear; scaryfringe: margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate bandfrontier: part of a country which fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region; border, confine, or extreme part of a countryfrost: ice crystal; weather cold enough to cause freezing; provide with a rough surface or appearancefrown: look angry; wrinkle one's forehead; regard something with disapproval or distastefrugal: sparing; economical; costing little; inexpensivefruitful: productive; fertile; producing results; profitablefrustrate: make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillmentfrustration: disappointment; failure; act of frustratingfuel: substance that can be consumed to produce energyfulfil: fill full; fill to the utmost capacity, as a vessel, a roomfull: filled to satisfaction with food or drink; containing as much or as many as is possible or normalfumble: feel or grope about; make awkward attempts to do or find something; play childishly; \turn over and overfunction: act of executing or performing any duty; assigned duty or activityfunctional: useful; in good working orderfund: money; capital; a reserve of money set aside for some purpose; finance; subsidizefundamental: relating to foundation or base; elementary; primary; essentialfuneral: ceremony held in connection with burial; burial procession accompanying body to grave; end of existencefurious: extreme anger; raging; full of activity; energetic or rapidfurnace: enclosed place in which heat is produced; place or time of punishment or great trialfurnish: provide; supply; equip with what is needed, especially to provide furniture forfurniture: movable articles in a room or an establishment that make it fit for living or workingfurrow: trench in the earth made by a plow; any trench, channel, or groove, as in wood or metal; wrinkle on the facefurther: get greater distance; make more in advancefurthermore: in addition; moreoverfury: violent anger; rage; uncontrolled action; turbulencefuse: combine; blend; become plastic or fluid or liquefied from heatfuss: angry disturbance; excited state of agitation; needlessly nervous or useless activity; protest; quarrelfussy: easily upset; given to bouts of ill temper; full of superfluous details
gale: very strong wind; gust of wind; emotional outburst as laughter or tearsgallery: long usually narrow room ; covered corridorgallop: move or run rapidly or carelessly, as by a quadruped, particularly by a horse lifting alternately the fore feet and the hind feet, in successive leaps or boundsgamble: play or game for money or other stake; lose or squander by gaminggang: group of criminals who band together for mutual protection and profit; herd of buffalo or elkgaol: place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonmentgap: opening through mountains; pass; conspicuous difference or imbalancegarbage: trash; worthless or nonsensical matter; food wastesgarment: any article of clothing, as coat or gowngasoline: petrol; flammable liquid consisting of a mixture of refined petroleum hydrocarbonsgauge: measuring instrument; measure; judgegaze: fix the eyes in a steady and earnest look; look with eagerness or curiosity, as in admiration, astonishmentgear: toothed machine part, such as a wheel or cylinder, to transmit motion or to change speed or directiongem: precious stone; jewel; pearl or mineral that has been cut and polished for use as an ornamentgeneralization: an idea having general application; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles generalize: reach conclusion; become systemic and spread throughout the bodygenerate: bring into being; give rise to; producegeneration: all offspring at same stage from common ancestor; interval of time between the birth of parents and their offspringgenerator: one that generates, especially converts mechanical energy into electrical energy; apparatus that generates vaporgenerosity: noble birth; quality of being noble; noble-mindedness; liberality in givinggenerous: more than adequate; willing to give and share unstintinglygenius: exceptional creative ability; unusual mental ability; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any fieldgentle: well-born; of a good family or respectable birth; mild; meek; bland; amiable; tendergenuine: authentic; real; truegeology: science which treats the structure and mineral constitution of the globegeometry: mathematics of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solidsgerm: bacteria; earliest form of an organism; seedgesture: motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feelinggiant: person of extraordinary strength or powers, bodily or intellectualgigantic: exceedingly large; huge; very large or extensivegiggle: laugh with short catches of the breath or voice; laugh in light, affected, or silly mannerginger: plant of the genus Zingiber, of the East and West Indiesglare: light; brightness; fierce or angry stareglassware: an article of tableware made of glassgleam: cause to emit a flash of lightglide: slide; move in a smooth, effortless mannerglimpse: glance; a quick look ; see briefly; a brief or incomplete viewglisten: sparkle or shine, especially shine with a mild, subdued, and fitful luster; emit a soft, scintillating light; gleamglitter: bright, sparkling light; brilliant and showy luster; brilliancyglobal: worldwide; international; having the shape of a globeglobe: body with the shape of a sphere, especially a representation of the earth in the form of a hollow ballgloom: partial or total darkness; thick shade; obscurity; shady, gloomy, or dark place or grove; cloudiness or heaviness of mindgloomy: imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; cloudedglorify: cause to seem more splendid; beautifyglorious: having or deserving glory; famous; characterized by great beauty and splendor; magnificent; wonderfulglossary: brief explanation of words, often placed at back of bookglow: shine with an intense or white heat; give forth vivid light and heat; exhibit a strong, bright colorglue: be fixed as if by sticky substance; join or attach with or as if sticky substanceglut: fill beyond capacity, especially with food; swallow greedllygnaw: bite or chew on with the teethgoal: end; objective; final purpose or aimgoat: any of various ruminant mammals, of the genus Capra, related to the sheep; scapegoatgorge: stuff oneself; overeat; make a pig of oneselfgorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful; magnificentgossip: rumor; malicious report about other people; light informal conversation for social occasionsgovern: make and administer the public policy and affairs ofgovernor: head of a state governmentgown: loose, flowing upper garment; ordinary outer dress of woman; official robe of certain professional mengrab: take or grasp suddenly; snatch; capturegrace: elegance and beauty of movement or expression; short prayer of thanks before a mealgraceful: elegant; showing grace of movement, form, or proportiongracious: beneficent; merciful; disposed to show kindness or favorgrade: step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standinggradual: proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or descent or from one state to another; regularly progressivegraduate: one who has received an academicals or professional degree; one who has completed the prescribed course of studygrand: large and impressive in size, scope, or extentgranite: common, coarse-grained, light-colored, hard igneous rock consisting chiefly of quartz; unyielding endurancegrant: allow to have; give on the basis of merit; be willing to concedegraph: chart; a drawing illustrating the relationsgrasp: grip; take hold of or seize firmly with or as if with the handgrasshopper: terrestrial plant-eating insect; young student in initial stages of traininggrateful: thankful; appreciative of benefits receivedgratify: give pleasure to; satisfy; indulge; make happygratis: free, without charge; costing nothinggratitude: state of being grateful; warm and friendly feeling toward a benefactor; thankfulnessgrave: place for the burial; death or extinctiongravel: small stones, or fragments of stone; very small pebbles, often intermixed with particles of sandgravity: seriousness; solemn and dignified feeling; natural force between two massive bodiesgraze: scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbagegrease: oil; fat; state of being covered with unclean thingsgreedy: wanting to get more than one can reasonably getgreenhouse: house in which tender plants are cultivated and sheltered from the weathergrief: pain of mind; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends; sorrow; sadnessgrieve: cause to be sorrowful; distressgrim: unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbiddinggrin: act of withdrawing lips and showing teeth; broad smilegrind: crush; scrape; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abradinggrip: hold fast or firmly; seize as in a wrestling matchgroan: give forth a low, moaning sound in breathinggroove: long narrow furrow or channel; settled routine; very pleasurable experiencegrope: search blindly or uncertainly; reach about uncertainly; feel one's waygross: of huge size; excessively large; coarse; rough; not fine or delicateground: solid surface of the earth; bottom; lowest partgrove: group of trees smaller than a forest; orchardgrowl: utter a deep guttural sound, as angry dog; give forth an angry, grumbling sound; emit low guttural soundgrudge: be unwilling or reluctant to give or admit; be envious; show discontentgrumble: utter or emit low dull rumbling soundsguarantee: pledge that something will happen or that something is trueguardian: one who guards, preserves, or secures; one who has, or is entitled to custody of person or propertyguess: form an opinion concerning, without knowledge or means of knowledge; judge of at randomguilt: state of one who has broken a moral or political law; crime; criminality; offense against rightguilty: deserving of blame; adjudged to have committed crimegulf: an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land; larger than a baygulp: swallow; utter or make a noise, as when swallowing too quicklygust: blast; outburstgutter: channel at the eaves of a roof for conveying away the rain; eaves channel; eaves troughgymnasium: place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnasticsgymnastics: sport that involves exercises intended to display strength and balance and agilityhabit: established disposition of the mind or character; distinctive dress, especially of a religious orderhaggard: wasted away; showing wearing effects of overwork or sufferinghaggle: argue about prices; bargain, as over the price of somethinghail: call for; salute; greet; praise vociferouslyhairy: bearing or covered with hair; made of or resembling hair; rough with hairhallmark: sign; feature; mark indicating quality or excellencehalt: stop; stand in doubt; hesitateham: meat cut from the thigh of a hog, usually smokedhamburger: a fried bread of minced beef served on a bun hamper: put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement ofhandbook: concise reference book providing specific informationhandful: a small numberhandicap: disadvantage; physical disability; cripple; hinder; impedehandle: touch; feel with the hand; use or hold with the hand; manage in using; deal withhandsome: skillful; handy; agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance; attractivehandy: convenient; closehang: suspend; fasten to some elevated point without support from below; hold for supporthanger: one who hangs, or causes to be hanged; loop or strap by which something is hunghaphazard: not thorough, constant or consistent; by chanceharbor: provide a refuge for; hide; give shelter toharden: become hard or harder hardware: mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer systemhardy: in robust and good health; able to survive under unfavorable conditionsharmful: damaging; noxious; detrimental; dangerousharmless: unlikely to harm or disturb anyoneharmonious: concordant; accordant; suitable and fittingharmony: compatibility in opinion and action; an agreeable sound propertyharness: stable gear consisting of an arrangement to an animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cartharsh: rough; coarse; severe; unpleasantly sternharvest: gather; yield from plants in a single growing seasonhaste: hurry; rapidity of action or motionhasten: accelerate; quickenhasty: easily angered; irritable; made too quickly to be accurate or wisehatch: breed; emerge from the egghaughty: high; lofty; bold; arrogant; overbearinghaul: draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift directionhaunt: be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturbhawk: bird of prey typically having short rounded wings and a long tailhay: grass or other plants, cut and dried for fodderhazard: danger; riskheading: course or direction in which a ship or aircraft is moving; title, subtitle, or topic that stands at the top or beginningheadlong: uncontrollably forceful or fast; done with head leading; headfirstheal: cure; make or get healthy againheap: crowd or throng; a great number of persons; pile or masshearing: opportunity to be heard; capacity to hear; judicial investigation of a suit at lawheave: cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throwheaven: expanse of space surrounding the earth; sky; place where the sun, moon, and stars appearhedge: thicket of bushes, usually thorn busheshedgehog: small European insectivore, and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spinesheed: pay attention to; listen to and considerheel: back part of the human foot; lower end of a ship's mast heighten: enhance; hoist; raise or increase the quantity or degree of; intensifyheir: person who inherits some title or officeheiress: woman who is an heir, especially to great wealthhelicopter: aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead bladeshell: place of the dead, or of souls after death where sinners suffer eternal punishment; any place of pain and turmoilhelmet: defensive covering for head; hat, made of cork, felt, or metal, worn as uniform of soldiers, firemenhelpful: giving aid; assistant; useful; salutaryhelpless: unable to help oneself; powerless or incompetent; powerless; weakhemisphere: halves; half of a sphere bounded by a great circlehence: from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deductionhenceforth: from this time forward; henceforwardherald: proclaim; announces important news; messengerherb: plant lacking a permanent woody stem, some having medicinal propertiesherd: flock; crowd; group of cattle or other domestic animalshesitant: reluctant, irresolute; tending to wait, or proceed with caution or reservationhesitate: pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingnesshide: prevent from being seen or discoveredhideous: frightful, shocking, or offensive to the eyes; offensive to moral sensibilities; despicablehijack: stop and rob a vehicle in transit; seize control of by use of forcehike: long walk usually for exercise or pleasurehinder: put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progresshindrance: something that holds back or causes problems with something else; obstaclehinge: a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the otherhint: allusion; clue; brief or indirect suggestionhinterland: region; remote and undeveloped areahiss: prolonged sound like that letter s, made by forcing out the breath between the tongue and teethhistorian: one who is an authority on history historic: having importance or significance in history; belonging to the past; historical hitchhike: travel by getting free rides from passing vehicles; be carried along with something elsehitherto: to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until nowhoarse: having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected with a cold; making a rough, harsh cry or soundhobby: auxiliary activity; activity or interest pursued outside one's regular occupationhoe: weed, cultivate, or dig up with a tool, which has flat blade attached at right angles to a long handlehoist: raise; lift; elevatehold: keep from departing; take and maintain control over; stop dealing withhollow: sound as if echoing in a empty space; void; vain; not solid; having a space or gap or cavityhomely: of home; domestic; familiar; intimate; plain; unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolishedhomesick: unhappy at being away and longing for familiar things or personshook: a piece of metal, or other hard material, bent into curve or at angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anythinghop: move by successive leaps, as toads do; spring or jump on one foothorizon: line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet; range of one's knowledge, experience, or interesthorizontal: flat; level; parallel to or in a base linehorn: one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulateshorrible: exciting, or tending to horror or fear; hideoushorror: terror; fear; intense dislikehose: a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gashospitable: disposed to treat guests with warmth and generosity; receptivehospitality: act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without rewardhost: great number; person entertaining guestshostage: prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified termshostile: unfriendly; showing the disposition of an enemyhound: a variety of domestic dog, having large, drooping ears; side bar used to strengthen portions of gear of a vehiclehouse: provide living quarters for; lodge; contain; harborhover: hang about; wait nearby; remain floatinghowl: utter a loud, mournful sound or cry, as dogs and wolves often do; utter a sound expressive of distress; cry aloud and mournfullyhug: crowd together; keep close to; tight or amorous embracehull: outer covering of anything, particularly of a nut or of grain; outer skin of a kernel; huskhum: low, prolonged sound; humming noise; singing with shut mouthhumane: marked by kindness, mercy, or compassionhumanitarian: philanthropic; one devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reformshumanity: kindness; virtue; all of the inhabitants of the earthhumble: low or inferior in station or quality; modesthumid: containing a high amount of water or water vaporhumidity: dampness; moisturehumiliate: cause to feel shame; hurt the pride ofhumorous: employing or showing humor; funny; amusinghunger: strong desire for something; feel the need to eathurl: throw with great force; cast; tosshusband: use economically; conserve; savehush: make silent or quiet; keep from public knowledge; suppress mention ofhustle: bustle; cause to move furtively and hurriedly hydrogen: a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gashygiene: cleanliness; sanitationhymn: song of praise or adoration, especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyrichypocrisy: act or practice of a hypocritehypothesis: assumption; theoryhypothetical: based on assumptions; supposedhysteria: behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; mental disorder
ideal: existing in idea or thought; conception; intellectual; mental; imaginary standard of excellence; fit for a model; faultlessidentical: duplicate; alike; being the exact same oneidentification: act of designating or identifying something; condition of having your identity establishedidentify: detect; find out; discoveridentity: exact sameness; distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entityidiom: expression whose meaning differs from meanings of its individual words; distinctive styleidiomatic: having the nature of an idiom; characteristic of a given languageidiot: foolish or stupid person; unlearned, ignorant, or simple personidle: useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless; given rest and ease; avoiding work or employment; lazyidol: image used for worship; image of divinity; representation or symbol; false notion or conceptionignite: kindle; cause to start burning; set fire toignorance: lack of knowledge or educationignorant: lacking education or knowledge; unawareignore: refuse to pay attention to; disregard; overlook; neglectillegible: incapable of being read; unclear; not legibleilliterate: uncultured; uneducated; not able to read or writeilluminate: provide or brighten with light; clear up or make understandable; enlightenillusion: misleading vision; being deceived by a false perception or beliefillusive: deceptive; misleading; based on or having the nature of an illusionillustrate: represent; demonstrate; depict; clarify, as by use of examples or comparisonsillustration: picture; drawing; showing by exampleimage: visual representation; representation of a personimaginary: having existence only in the imagination; fanciful; visionaryimitate: copy the actions, appearance, mannerisms, or speech of; mimic; use or follow as a modelimitation: emulation; copying the actions of someone elseimmediate: not deferred by an interval of time; present; occurring at once; instantimmediately: proximately; directly; without interval of time; without delay; promptly; instantly; at onceimmense: enormous; boundless; so great as to be beyond measurementimmerse: plunge into anything, especially a fluid; sink; dipimmigrant: one who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there; non-nativeimmigrate: move into another country to stay there permanentlyimmigration: migration into a place; moving into a placeimminent: near at hand; close in time; about to occurimmoral: not moral; contrary to conscience or the divine law; wicked; unjust; dishonestimmortal: not mortal; exempt from liability to die; undying; imperishable; lasting foreverimpact: forceful consequence; strong effect; influencing stronglyimpart: reveal or tell; grant a share of; bestowimpartial: not biased; fair; showing lack of favoritismimperative: having power command or control; critically importance; some duty that is essential and urgentimplement: put into effect; supply with toolsimplication: something hinted at or suggested; act of implying; condition of being impliedimplore: beg for urgently; make an earnest appealimply: express or indicate indirectly; signifyimport: bring in from another countryimpose: demand; force; compel to behave in a certain wayimpractical: unwise to implement or maintain in practice; theoreticalimpressive: making a strong or vivid impression; producing a strong effectimprisonment: confinement; putting someone in prison or in jail as lawful punishmentimpulse: act of applying force suddenly; an impelling force or strengthinability: lack of ability, especially mental ability, to do somethinginaccessible: unreachable; not available; unattainableinadequate: not sufficient to meet a need; insufficient; poorinaugurate: start; initiate; induct into office by formal ceremonyincense: enrage; infuriate; cause to be extremely angryincentive: something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of rewardincident: usually minor event or condition that is subordinate to another; event; happeningincidentally: by chance; accidentallyinclination: preference; tendency; inclined surface; slopeincline: cause to lean, slant, or slope; deviate from the horizontal or verticalinclined: tending or leaning toward; bent; having preference or tendencyinclusive: tending to include all; taking a great deal or everything within its scopeincome: gain from labor, business, property, or capitalincompatible: inharmonious; impossible to coexist; not easy to combine harmoniouslyinconsistency: state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadinessinconvenient: not suited to your comfort, purpose or needsincorporate: combine something into a larger whole; uniteincredible: unbelievable; beyond belief or understandingincredulous: difficult to believe; incredible; skepticalincrement: process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extentincur: bring upon oneself; become liable to; acquire or come intoindebted: morally, socially, or legally obligated to another; under a legal obligation to someoneindefinite: unclear; vague; lacking precise limitsindefinitely: endlessly; incessantly; for a long time, no end defined; foreverindent: nick; set in from margin; impress or stampindependent: not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on othersindex: anything which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses; prologue indicating what follows; second digitindicate: point out; direct to a knowledge ofindicative: suggestive; implying; serving to indicateindifference: unconcern; disinterest; lack of enthusiasmindifferent: having no particular interest or concern; being neither good nor badindigestion: a disorder of digestive function; difficulty in digestingindignant: affected with indignation; wrathful; passionate; irate; feeling wrath by unworthy or unjust treatmentindignation: anger aroused by something unjustindispensable: essential; requisite; impossible to be omitted or remittedindividual: single person or thing; human regarded as a unique personalityinduce: persuade; bring about; reason or establish by inductioninducement: act of inducing, or the state of being induced; a motive or consideration that leads one to action or induces one to actindulge: be complacent toward; give way to; not to oppose or restrain; yield to the desire ofindustrial: of or relating to or resulting from industry; having highly developed industriesindustrialization: development of industry on an extensive scaleindustrialized: made industrial; converted to industrialismindustrious: diligent; hard-working; busy and laboriousinertia: property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same straight line or directioninevitable: unavoidable; incapable of being avoided or preventedinevitably: unavoidably; in a manner that is impossible to avoid or preventinfant: child in the first period of life; young babeinfantry: body of children; a body of soldiers serving on foot; foot soldiersinfect: bring into contact with a substance that can cause illnessinfection: moral corruption or contamination; invasion of body which can lead to tissue damage and diseaseinfectious: contagious; contaminatinginfer: deduce; conclude from evidence or premises; lead to as a consequence or conclusioninference: inferring by deduction or induction; truth or proposition drawn from another which is admitted or supposed to be true; conclusion; deductioninferior: poor; lower than a given reference point; low or lower in order, degree, or rankinferiority: state of being lower than or not as good asinfinite: unlimited or boundless, in time or space; without limit in power, capacity, knowledge, or excellenceinfinity: unlimited extent of time, space, or quantity; eternity; boundlessness; immensityinflation:  general increase in the prices of goods and services in a countryinflict: impose something unpleasant; causeinfluence: power affecting person or thing; effect of one thing on another; flowing in or upon; influxinfluential: important; powerful; having or exercising influence or powerinfluenza: an acute febrile highly contagious viral diseaseinform: impart information to; make aware of something; be a pervasive presence in; animateinformal: absence of ceremony; casualinformative: instructive; illustrative; providing or conveying informationinfringe: act contrary to, as a law, right, or obligation; annul or hinderingenious: clever; having inventive or cunning mindingenuity: quality or power of ready invention; quickness or acuteness in forming new combinationsinhabit: live in; occupy; reside ininhabitant: resident; someone or thing who lives in a placeinherent: firmly established by nature or habitinherit: receive from an ancestor by legal succession or will; receive by bequest or as a legacyinitial: early; preliminary; occurring at the beginninginitially: in the beginning; at firstinitiate: begin; originate; admit into membershipinitiative: serving to initiate; introductory step or movement; act which originates or beginsinject: put in; infuse ; force or drive fluid into somethinginjure: do harm to; inflict damage; do injustice toinjury: any physical damage to body caused by violence or accident or fractureinjustice: unjust act; practice of being unjust or unfairinland: within the land; more or less remote from the ocean or from open water; interiorinnocent: naive; lacking sense or awareness; free from evil or guiltinnovate: change or alter by bringing in something newinnovation: introduction of something newinnumerable: countless; numerousinquire: ask a question; seek for truth or information by putting queriesinquiry: investigation; search for knowledgeinsane: exhibiting disordered of mind; deranged in mind; very foolishinsert: input; enter; put or set into, between, or amonginsider: an accepted member of a group; one who has special knowledge or access to confidential informationinsight: understanding; grasping the inner nature of things intuitivelyinsignificant: not large enough to consider or notice; lacking in importance; trivialinsist: stand or rest; find support; take a stand and refuse to give way; be persistentinsolvent: bankrupt; unable to repay one's debtsinspect: look over; examine carefully and critically, especially for flawsinspection: formal or official examinationinspector: high ranking police officer; investigator who observes carefullyinspiration: sudden intuition as part of solving a problem; arousing to a particular emotion or actioninspire: encourage; inspirit; fire the imagination ofinstall: set up; connect or set in position and prepare for useinstallation: act of installing or giving possession of an office, rank, or order, with the usual rites or ceremonies; the whole of a system of machines, apparatus, and accessoriesinstallment: monthly payment; a part of a published serialinstance: example that is cited to prove a contention or illustrate a point; case or occurrenceinstinct: inborn pattern of behavior ; natureinstinctive: unthinking; prompted by instinct; spontaneousinstitute: advance or set forth in court; association organized to promote art or science or educationinstitution: institute; organization; introducing something newinstruct: teach; make aware ofinstruction: direction; teaching; activities of educating or instructinginstructive: serving to instruct of enlighten or inform; enlighteninginstrument: tool; one used by another to accomplish a purpose; device used to produce music; legal documentinstrumental: serving or acting as a means or aid; helpful; relating to musical instrumentsinsufficient: of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirementinsulate: make an island of; place in a detached situation, or in a state having no communication with surrounding objects; isolate; separateinsulation: act of insulating; separation; state of being detached, from other objectsinsult: offend; affront; treat, mention, or speak to rudelyinsurance: protection against future loss; act, business, or system of insuringinsure: make sure or secure, specifically against loss by a contingent event; give or take insurance onintangible: not able to be perceived by senses, as touch; vagueintegral: essential or necessary for completeness; entireintegrate: make whole; combine; make into one unitintegrity: quality or condition of being whole or undivided; completenessintellect: ability to learn and reason; ability to think abstractly or profoundlyintellectual: of intellect; showing intellect; requiring the use of the mind, rather than emotions or instinctintelligence: ability to comprehend; understand and profit from experience; intellect; power of cognitionintelligent: ingenious; wise; bright; having a high degree of intelligence; mentally acuteintense: extreme; acute; in an extreme degreeintensive: thorough; concentrated; tending to give force or emphasisintent: something that is intended; aim or purposeintention: motive; with respect to marriage; aim that guides actioninteract: interplay; act together or towards others or withinteraction: communication; a mutual or reciprocal action; interactinginterest: attention; curiosity; dividend; yieldinterfere: disrupt; hinder; be or create a hindrance or obstacleinterference: obstruction; prevention; act or an instance of hindering, obstructing, or impedinginterior: inside; inner part; internal; innerintermediate: middle; lying between two extremesinternal: inside; interior; located within the limits or surfaceinterpret: explain or tell the meaning of; translate orally; decipherinterpretation: explanation; performer's distinctive personal version of a song, dance, piece of musicinterrupt: terminate; make a break ininterval: pause; break; space between two objects, points, or unitsintervene: get involved; come, appear, or lie between two thingsintimate: give to understand; imply as a possibility; make known subtly and indirectlyintrude: trespass; enter as an uninvited personinundate: overwhelm; cover with water, especially floodwatersinvade: move into; intrude; enter by force in order to conquer or pillageinvader: one who invades; assailant; encroacher; intruderinvalid: of no force or weight; not valid; weak; void; nullinvalidate: make invalid; nullify; destroyinvaluable: valuable under estimation; inestimable; pricelessinvariably: constantly; alwaysinvasion: raid; attack; act of invading, especially the entrance of an armed force into a territory to conquerinverse: opposite; reversed in order, nature, or effect; turned upside downinvest: put clothe on, as with office or authority; place in possession of rank, dignity, or estate; endow; lay out money or capital in businessinvestigate: explore; observe or inquire into in detail; examine systematicallyinvestigation: detailed inquiry or systematic examination; inquiryinvisible: incapable of being seen; impossible or nearly impossible to seeinvoice: bill; commercial document issued by seller to buyer indicating the products, quantities and pricesinvolve: wind round; connect with something; include necessarily; engage thoroughlyirony: expression by deliberate contrast between apparent and intended meaning; witty language used to insultirregular: contrary to rule or accepted order or general practice; inconstantirresistible: overwhelming; tempting; charmingirrespective: without regard for conditions, circumstances, or consequences; unbiased; independentirrevocable: unalterable; irreversible; impossible to retract or revokeirrigate: supply land with water artificially; clean a wound with a fluidirrigation: supplying water to the land to help crops growirritate: rouse to impatience or anger; annoy; provokeisolate: seclude; set apart or cut off from othersisolation: separation; detachment; quality or condition of being isolatedissue: subject; topic; problem; edition; publication; release; publishitem: a whole individual unit; a distinct part that can be specified separately in a groupivory: teeth of elephant
jail: building for confinement of persons held in lawful custodyjam: crush or bruise; get stuck; press tightly togetherjar: pitcher; vase; small, cylindrical container for food, normally made of glass or clayjealous: resentful or bitter in rivalry; enviousjealousy: envy; jealous attitude or dispositionjelly: substance having the consistency of semi-solid foodsjeopardize: endanger; imperil; put at riskjerk: pull, or move with a sudden movement; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motionsjettison: throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceshipjewel: gemstone; costly ornament of precious metal or gemjewelry: adornment made of precious metals, as a bracelet or ring or necklace jog: run or ride at a steady slow trot; give a push or shake tojournal: magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurredjournalism: profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the mediajournalist: writer for newspapers and magazinesjudgement: decision; appraisaljuice: liquid; liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissuejuicy: full of juice; lucrative; richly interestingjumble: assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixturejunction: connection; joint; intersection; crossingjungle: land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation; dense, confused massjunior: less advanced in age than another; younger; lower in standing or in rankjury: committee appointed to judge a casejustice: quality of being just; practical conformity to human or divine law; equity; uprightnessjustifiable: capable of being justified, or shown to be justjustification: good or just reason; condition or fact of being justifiedjustify: adjust the spaces between words; show to be reasonable; explain, clear awayjuvenile: youth; adolescent; not fully grown or developedkangaroo: animal that having large powerful hind legs and a long thick tailkeen: acute; incisive; sharp ; express grief verbally kernel: central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of cornkerosene: flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaterskeyboard: device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer kidnap: take by force or fear, and against one's will; seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransomkidney: glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal bodykindle: build or fuel a fire; cause to glow; light up; inspirekingdom: rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion; monarchykneel: bend the knee; fall or rest on the kneesknit: contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwiningknob: hard protuberance; hard swelling or rising; bunch; lumpknot: fastening together of one or more threads, cords, ropes; lump or loop formed in thread; ornamental tielabel: paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of additionlaborer: worker; someone who works with their handslace: delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn through eyeletslag: delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind lamb: the young of the sheep; simple, unsophisticated personlame: moving with pain or difficulty because of injury; disabled so that movement is difficult or impossiblelanding: touchdown; act of coming down to the earthlandscape: scenery; expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single viewlane: passageway between fences which is not traveled as a highroad; narrow country roadlap: take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gentlylapse: gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; unobserved or imperceptible progress; slip or error; failing in dutylargely: in a large manner; for the most part; mainlylark: any of various small, singing passerine birds of the family Alaudidae; one who wakes early; one who is up with the larks laser: optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent lightlasting: continuing or remaining for a long time; enduring; durablelatent: present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hiddenlateral: coming from side; situated at or extending to the sidelatitude: freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equatorlaunch: begin; originate; initiate; send off; take offlaundry: washing; workplace where clothes are washed and ironedlawn: landscape; grassland, usually tended or mowed; meadowlay: put into a certain place; cause to lie down; spread over a surfacelayer: tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under anotherlayout: overall design of a page; plan or design of something that is laid outleadership: guidance; direction; authority; position or office of a leaderleading: chief; principal; having a position in the lead; foremostleaflet: small leaf; leaf like organ or partleague: association; unionleak: escape fluid from container through a hole or crack; tell anonymously; reveallean: bend or slant away from the vertical; rely for assistance or supportleap: jump; hop; place jumped over or fromlease: rent; charter; engage for service under a term of contractlecture: teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the publiclegal: created by, permitted by law; according to the law of workslegend: explanatory list of symbols on a map; unverified story handed down from earlier timeslegendary: mythical; fabled; extremely well known; famous or renownedlegislation: lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative bodylegitimate: accordant with law; lawful; based on logical reasoning; reasonableleisure: convenience; vacancy; freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activitylengthen: extend; make or become longerleopard: large feline of African and Asian forests usually having a tawny coat with black spotslever: bar, applied to a rotator piece to turn itlevy: impose fine or tax; collect paymentliability: something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsibleliable: bound or obliged in law or equityliberal: open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progressliberate: set free, as from oppression, confinement, or foreign control; discharge; releaseliberty: state of free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another; freedomlicense: official or legal permission to do or own a specified thinglick: draw or pass the tongue over; pass or lap quickly and rapidly; beat thoroughly in a competition or fightlift: direct or carry from a lower to a higher position; raise; transport by airlight: brightness; something that admits illumination; source of fire; particular aspect of a situationlikelihood: possibility, strong probabilitylikewise: similarly; as well; toolimb: arm; leg; any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree limestone: rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or carbonate of limelimousine: any of various large passenger vehicles, especially a luxurious automobile; van or small bus on regular routelimp: walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadilyline: thin continuous mark, as that made by a pen, pencil, or brush applied to a surface; border or boundarylinear: having form of a line; straight; consisting of lines; lineal.linen: fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant; thread made from fibers of the flax plantliner: vessel belonging to a regular line of packets, as ship or planelinger: be slow in leaving; continue or persist; staylinguistics: humanistic study of language and literaturelink: be or become joined or united; connect, fasten, or put together two or more piecesliquid: fluid; juice; substance in fluid stateliquor: any liquid, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice; alcoholic or spirituous fluidlist: lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemizeliteracy: reading and writing; ability to read and writeliteral: according to the letter or verbal expression; exactly as statedliterally: with meaning; word for word; letter by letterliterary: knowledgeable about literature; of or relating to or characteristic of literatureliterate: educated; schooled; one who can read and writeliterature: imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value; art or occupation of a literary writerlitter: make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter aboutlivelihood: subsistence; financial means whereby one liveslively: busy; energetic; vigorousliver: large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in upper right chestlivestock: any animals kept for use or profitload: burden; something which is laid on or put in anything for conveyance; quantity which can be carried or drawn in some specified wayloaf: any thick lump, mass, or cake, especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of breadloan: give temporarily; temporary provision of moneylobby: a group of people who try to influence legislation; hall; room; a large entrance or reception room or arealobster: any large macrurous crustacean used as foodlocality: place; district; surrounding or nearby region; particular neighborhoodlocate: find; monitor; settle; determine or specify the position or limits olocation: scene; site; place where something is or could be locatedlock: strand or cluster of hair; fastening together; a closing of one thing upon another; device operated by a keylocomotive: of or relating to locomotion; a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled enginelocust: any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory insects, of the family Acrididaelodge: small house on the grounds of an estate or a park, used by a caretaker or gatekeeperlodging: accommodation; lodginglofty: high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimismlog: record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activitieslogic: reasoned and reasonable judgment; a system of reasoninglogical: reasonable; based on known statements or events or conditionslongevity: long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupationlongitude: an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south polesloom: appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted formloop: circle; ring; move in loops; make a loop in; join with a looploose: unbound; untied; not attached, fastened, fixed, or confinedloosen: make loose or looser; make less severe or strictlose: fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have; be deprived of; fail to winlottery: scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizeslounge: public room with seating where people can wait; living room; lobbylow: utter sound made by cattle; make a low noiseloyal: steadfast in allegiance or duty; faithful to a person, ideal, custom, cause, or dutylubricate: make smooth or slipperylumber: move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber ofluminous: shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated lightlump: a small mass of matter of irregular shape; irregular or shapeless mass; small cube of sugarlunar: pertaining to the moon; affecting the moonluxurious: rich and superior in quality; lavishluxury: something that is an indulgence rather than necessity; excessively expensive
mackintosh: waterproof long coat made of rubberized clothmagic: any art that invokes supernatural powersmagician: one who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; sorcerer; wizardmagistrate: civil officer with power to administer and enforce lawmagnetic: having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pullmagnetism: attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnetsmagnificent: grand or noble in thought or deed; outstanding of its kindmagnify: intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlargemagnitude: extent; greatness of rank, size, or positionmaintain: keep in any particular state or condition; keep up or carry on; continuemaintenance: preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to anothermaize: tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large earsmajesty: nobility; greatness and dignity of a sovereign; royal personagemajor: greater in number, quantity, or extent; more importantmajority: greater number or part; a number more than half of the totalmalady: disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome conditionmalaise: general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illnessmalice: enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to anothermalicious: deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatredmanifest: clearly apparent to understanding; obviousmanifestation: revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of somethingmanifesto: public declaration of principles; statement of policymanipulate: operate with one's hands; control or play upon people, forces artfullymansion: dwelling-house of the better class; a large or stately residencemanual: guide book; hand-operatedmanufacture: make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materialsmanuscript: written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the handmap: depict as if on a map; plan or delineate, especially in detail; arrangemaple: tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty speciesmarble: hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polishmarch: walking with regular steps; a procession of people walking together; steady advancemargin: border; rim; roommarginal: of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the marginmarine: sea-dwelling; maritime; navalmariner: one whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; seaman or sailormarked: noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marksmarsh: swamp; bog; low lying wet land with grassy vegetationmarshal: put in order; arrange or place something in linemartyr: one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great sufferingmarvel: wonder; strong surprise; astonishmentmasculine: of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a manmask: try to conceal something; disguise; hide under a false appearancemassacre: killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or crueltymassive: enormous; colossal; consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of mattermast: fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns; a pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, or spar, set upright in a boat or vessel, to sustain the sails, yards, riggingmasterpiece: chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craftmatch: something that resembles or harmonizes withmate: a fellow member of a teammaterial: of, relating to, or composed of matter; concerned with physical, not from intellectual or spiritualmaterialism: philosophical theory that matter is the only realitymathematics: science dealing with the logic of quantity and shapemattress: quilted bed; bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise fastenedmature: develop and reach maturity; grow old or oldermaturity: state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; arrival of the time fixed for paymentmaximum: the largest possible quantitymeadow: tract of low or level land producing grass; any field on which grass is grown for haymeasure: determine the size of something; mark, lay out, or establish dimensions; estimate by evaluation or comparisonmechanical: automatic; monotonous; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanicsmechanics: branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodiesmechanism: device; machine; the technical aspects of doing somethingmedal: a piece of metal in form of coin, and intended to preserve remembrance of notable event or person, or to serve as a rewardmedieval: very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Agesmeditate: dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fixed upon; purpose; intendmeditation: lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual mattersmedium: state that is intermediate between extremesmeek: quiet and obedient; showing patience and humilitymelancholy: gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depressionmelody: tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singingmelon: juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon; plant that produces the fruit juicymelt: changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heatmemo: short note; memorandum; written proposal or remindermemorial: monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deedmemorize: commemorate; commit to memory; learn by heart memory: faculty of mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or eventsmenace: danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidatemend: make repairs or restoration to; fix; improvemental: involving mind or intellectual process; affected by disorder of mindmentality: mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectualitymention: speak or notice of anything, usually in a brief or cursory mannermenu: an agenda of things to do mercantile: trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or tradersmerchandise: objects for sale; goodsmerchant: one who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; trafficker; tradermercy: compassionate treatment of unfortunate and helpless; willingness to spare or to help; disposition to be kindmere: being nothing more than what is specified; considered apart from anything else; small; slightmerge: combine; unitemerit: virtue; admirable quality or attribute; creditmermaid: legendary sea creature having the head and upper body of a woman and the tail of a fishmesh: opening or space inclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or netmess: soft semi liquid food; a quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for one mealmetallic: of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metalmethod: orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anythingmethodology: system of methods followed in a particular disciplinemeticulous: excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of detailsmetric: relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by measurement.metropolitan: city center; one who lives in a city centermicroscope: magnifier of the image of small objectsmicrowave: a short electromagnetic wave; cook or heat in a microwave ovenmighty: having or showing great strength or force or intensitymigrant: habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wanderingmigrate: move from one country or region to another and settle theremigration: movement of persons from one country or locality to anothermilestone: landmark; significant developmentmilitary: pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiersmilk: white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their youngmiller: one who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill; milling machinemillionaire: one whose material wealth is valued at more than a million dollarsmince: cut into very small pieces; chop fine; suppress or weaken the force ofmingle: be all mixed up or jumbled together;miniature: very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced sizeminimize: diminish; belittle; make small or insignificantminimum: the smallest possible quantityminister: one who performs service for another; officer of justice; executive head of a government departmentministry: act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a ministerminor: of lesser importance or stature or rank; not of legal age; limited in size or scopeminority: a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger groupminus: less; requiring to be subtracted; negativeminute: extremely small; short notemiracle: wonderful thing; something that excites admiration or astonishmentmiraculous: astonishing; amazingmiscarriage: failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destinationmischief: behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassmentmiserable: very unhappy; full of misery; wretchedmisery: great unhappiness; extreme pain of body or mindmisfortune: bad fortune or ill luck; bad luckmisgiving: feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehensionmishap: unfortunate accident; bad luckmislead: deceive; misguidemissile: weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warheadmission: assignment that is given to a person or group; operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters; job; taskmist: visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fogmoan: a low prolonged sound of grief or pain, whether articulate or not; groan softly and continuouslymobile: movable; not fixed; fluid; unstablemobilize: assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movementmock: treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes ofmode: prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or stylemoderate: temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside overmodest: humble; less ambitious; moderatemodification: act of modifying, or state of being modified; modified form or condition; a changemodify: alter; changemodulate: tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to anothermodule: standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a single topicmoist: slightly wet; damp or humidmoisture: wetness caused by watermolecular: of molecules; relating to simple or basic structure or formmolecule: the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substancemomentary: done in a moment; continuing only a moment; lasting a very short timemomentous: very important; of outstanding significance or consequencemonarch: king; sole and absolute ruler; sovereign, such as a king or empressmonastery: house of religious retirement, or of seclusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monksmonetary: of or relating to money; nation's currency; financialmonitor: observe; watch; keep an eye onmonopolize: dominate; occupy; have and control fully and exclusivelymonopoly: exclusive control or possession of something; dominationmonotonous: boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in varietymonotony: uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of repetitionmonster: beast; ugly creature; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerfulmonstrous: marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickednessmonument: structure erected to commemorate persons or events; memorialmonumental: massive; taking a great amount of time and effort to complete; in manner of a monumentmoor: dark-colored person generally; broad area of open land, often high but poorly drainedmorale: confidence; mood or spirit of a group that makes the members wants the group to succeed morality: set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conductmoreover: beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewisemortal: man, human being; liable or subject to death; accompanying deathmotel: motor hotel; lodging rooms adjacent to a parking lotmotion: movement; act of changing location; ability or power to movemotionless: at rest, stationary, immobile, not movingmotivate: stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to actionmotivation: incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goalmotive: emotion, desire, physiological need; that which gives purpose and direction to behaviormotto: short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maximmould: crumbling, soft, friable earth; soilmount: go up or advance; fix onto a backing; put up or launchmourn: express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowfulmournful: feeling or expressing sorrow or grief; sad; gloomymourning: expression of deep sorrow because someone has diedmoustache: hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomedmouth: opening through which an animal receives food; aperture between jaws or between lipsmovement: act of moving; change of place or posture; transference, by any means, from one situation to anothermuffle: bare end of nose between nostrilsmuffler: heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of a car that dampens the noisemultiple: having, or consisting of more than one part; manymultiply: proliferate; increase; combine by multiplicationmultitude: a great number; manymunicipal: metropolitan; civic; having local self-governmentmurmur: make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running watermuscular: having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of musclemuse: be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfullymushroom: multiply, grow, or expand rapidlymute: refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech; unspokenmutton: sheep; flesh of a sheep; loose woman; prostitutemutual: common to or shared by two or more parties; sharedmyriad: of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousandmysterious: beyond ordinary understandingmyth: legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as historymythology: study of myths; collection of myths
naked: bare and pure; completely unclothednamely: by name; by particular mention; expressly; that is to saynap: a period of time spent sleepingnarrator: someone who tells a storynasty: very dirty, foul; disgusting; nauseousnative: being as origin; as found in nature in the elemental formnausea: feeling of sickness in stomach by an urge to vomit; strong aversion; disgustnaval: relating to, or adjacent to the sea; relating to marine shipping or navigationnavigable: wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; able to be steerednavigation: guidance of ships or airplanes from place to placeneat: clean or orderlynecessitate: make necessary or indispensable; render unavoidableneedle: long, thin, sharp implement usually for piercing such as sewing, or knittingneedy: poor; indigent; being in need; impoverishednegate: cancel out; make ineffective or invalid; denynegation: act of denying; assertion of the nonrealistic or untruthfulness of anythingnegative: adverse; involving disadvantage or harm; pessimisticneglect: disregard; ignore; pay little or no attention tonegligence: neglect; failure to take reasonable care; state or quality of being negligentnegligent: careless; inattentivenegligible: so small, trifling, or unimportant that it may be easily disregardednegotiable: capable of being negotiated; transferable by assignment or endorsement to another personnegotiation: discussion intended to produce an agreementnervous: agitated; anxiousnetwork: any system of lines or channels crossing like the fabric of a net; complex, interconnected group or systemneutral: impartial; not supporting one side over anotherneutron: elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a protonnevertheless: not the less; notwithstanding; in spite of that; yetnickel: coin worth one twentieth of a dollarnightmare: dream arousing feelings of intense fear, horror, and distress; event or experience that is intensely distressingnitrogen: colorless nonmetallic element, tasteless and odorless, comprising four fifths of the atmosphere by volumenobility: quality or state of being noble; superiority of mind or of character; commanding excellence; eminencenoisy: full of loud and nonmusical sounds; clamorousnominal: in name only; insignificantly smallnominate: designate; appointnomination: act of naming or nominating; designation of a person as a candidate for officenonsense: silliness; words or signs having no intelligible meaningnorm: convention; standard; rulenormally: usually; as a rule; regularly; according to a rulenotable: worthy of note or notice; remarkable; importantnotably: especially; in a notable manner; remarkably; particularlynote: observe carefully; notice; show; indicatenotify: make known; give notice to; inform by noticenotion: general or universal conception; belief or opinionnotorious: disreputable; known widely and usually unfavorably; infamousnotwithstanding: nevertheless; in spite ofnought: nonexistence; nothingness; zeronourish: provide with nourishment; provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growthnourishment: a source of materials to nourish the bodynovel: previously unknown; strikingly new, unusual, or different; youngnovelty: quality of being novel; newness; something new and unusualnowadays: during current time; presentlynowhere: not anywhere; not in any place or statenuclear: of, relating to, or forming a nucleus of an atom; pertaining to, or using nuclear weaponsnucleus: central or essential part around which other parts are gathered or grouped; corenuisance: something that annoys or gives trouble and vexation; something that is offensive or noxiousnull: invalid; void; nullified; having no legal force; invalidnullify: make invalid; make null; invalidate; counteract force or effectiveness ofnumerical: belonging to number; denoting number; consisting in numbers; expressed by numbers, and not lettersnumerous: many; various; amounting to a large indefinite numbernursery: room for baby; area in a household set apart for the use of childrennylon: any of a family of high-strength, resilient synthetic polymersoak: any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus; durable wood of any of these trees or shrubsoar: long, thin, usually wooden pole with a blade at one end, used to row or steer a boatoath: solemn promise; commitment to tell the truthobedient: subject in will or act to authority; willing to obey; submissive to restraint, control, or commandobject: be averse to or express disapproval ofobjection: act of expressing earnest opposition or protestobjective: not influenced by emotions; having actual existence or realityobligation: act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie; written promise to repay a debtoblige: force; bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; do a service or favor forobliterate: destroy completely; do away with completely so as to leave no traceoblong: having greater length than breadth, especially when rectangularobscure: darken; make dim or indistinct; conceal in obscurityobservance: act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; an act, ceremony, or rite, as of worship or respectobserve: be on the watch respecting; pay attention to; notice with care; see; perceiveobstacle: one that opposes, stands in the way of, or holds up progressobstinate: stubbornly adhering to an attitude or opinion; hard to control or treatobstruction: act of obstructing; any structure that makes progress difficult obtain: get hold of; gain possession of; acquire, in any wayobtainable: available; capable of being obtainedobvious: exposed; easily discovered; plainoccasion: significant event that occurs at a critical time; opportunity to do something; event or happeningoccasional: random; occurring from time to time; infrequentoccasionally: now and then; from time to time; infrequently; irregularlyoccupation: act of occupying or taking possession; control of a country by military forces of a foreign poweroccupy: inhabit; live in a certain place; be present in; be inside ofoccur: take place; be found to exist ; come to one's mindoccurrence: an event that happensodd: not easily explained; beyond from the usual or expected; not divisible by twoodour: any smell, whether fragrant or offensive; scent; perfumeoffence: act of causing anger, resentment, displeasure, or affront; violation or infraction of moral or social codeoffend: strike against; attack; assail; make angry; affrontoffensive: causing anger, displeasure, resentment, or affrontoffer: act of presenting; something, such as a suggestion, proposal, bid, or recommendationoffset: counterbalance, counteract, or compensate for; balanceoffspring: descendantomen: any indication or action regarded as a foreshowing; phenomenon supposed to portend good or evilominous: threatening; foreshadowing evil or tragic developmentsomission: act of omitting; neglect or failure to do something required by propriety or dutyomit: leave undone or leave out ; bypass; neglect; fail to include or mentiononset: beginning or early stages; offensive against enemyopaque: impenetrable by light; not transparent; not reflecting light; having no lusteropera: a drama set to music and consists of singing operative: having power of acting; exerting force, physical or moral; active in the production of effectsopinion: notion or conviction founded on probable evidence; belief stronger than impression; favorable estimationopponent: contestant; someone who offers opposition ; adverse; hostile; opposingopportune: timely; just in time; suited or right for a particular purposeopportunity: favorable or advantageous circumstance; chance for progress or advancementoppose: place in front of, or over against; set opposite; exhibit; confront; resist; withstandopposite: two words that express opposing concepts; contrariwise; directly facing each otheropposition: condition of being in conflict; act of opposing something optical: of or relating to or involving light or opticsoptimal: most advantageous; optimum; idealoptimism: tendency to expect the best possible outcome; belief that the universe is improving and good will win over eviloptimistic: hopeful; positive; expecting the best in all possible waysoptimum: most favorable or advantageousoption: act of choosing; power or freedom to chooseoptional: not obligatory; left to choice; not compulsory or automaticoral: spoken; unwritten; relating to the mouthorbit: path; circle; move in an orbit; encircleorchard: garden; area of land devoted to the cultivation of fruit or nut treesorchestra: bandorderly: conformed to order; in order; regular; well-regulatedore: mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be minedorgan:  natural part or structure in animal or plant, capable of performing some special actionorganic: simple and healthful and close to natureorganism: living being; system considered analogous in structure or function to a living bodyorient: focus toward; determine position with reference to another point; locate to face the eastoriental: of or relating to the countries of the orient or their peoples or cultures; easternorientation: act of finding oneself position; position or alignment relative to points of directions; course introducing new situationorigin: the first existence or beginning of anything; birth; fountainoriginal: not second hand; not copied or translated from something elseoriginality: novelty; creativity; capacity to act or think independentlyoriginate: initiate; invent; bring into being; createornament: decoration; something used to beautifyornamental: decorative; any plant grown for its beauty or ornamental valueounce: unit of weight equal to one sixteenth of a poundoutbreak: beginning; eruption; explosionoutcome: result; end or consequence; result of a random trialoutdoors: out of house; out of doorsoutermost: far most; utmost; outmost; most distant from the center or insideoutlandish: unconventional; strikingly unfamiliar; located far from civilized areasoutlaw: person excluded from the benefit of the law, or deprived of its protection; fugitive from the law; habitual criminaloutlet: an opening that permits escape or release; activity that releases creative energy or emotionoutline:  line that appears to bound an object outlook: prospect; view; belief about the future ; act of looking outoutput: act or process of producing; production; amount produced during a certain timeoutrage: act of extreme violence or viciousness; offenseoutrageous: of the nature of an outrage; exceeding the limits of right, reasonoutright: altogether; entirely; without reservation or exceptionoutset: beginning; start; origin; time at which something is supposed to begin outstanding: distinguished from others in excellenceoval: elliptic; rounded like an eggoverall: general; comprehensive; from one end to the other; including everythingovercast: covered or obscured, as with clouds or mist; gloomy; melancholyovercharge: overprice; a price that is too highovercome: defeat another in competition or conflict; conquer; prevail overoverestimate: make too high an estimate ofoverflow: flow over; cover with, or as with, water or other fluid; spread over; flow over the brim ofoverhear: hear more of anything than was intended to be heard; hear againoverlap: representation of common ground between two things; extend over and cover a part ofoverlapping: covering with a design in which one element covers a part of anotheroverload: place too much a load onoverlook: ignore; disregard; fail to notice ; watch overoverseas: beyond or across the sea; abroadoversight: unintentional omission or mistake; watchful care or management; supervisionovertake: come up with in a course, pursuit, progress, or motion; catch up with; come upon from behind; capture; overcomeoverthrow: throw over; overturn; upset; turn upside down; cause to fall or to failovertime: beyond the regular timeoverwhelm: defeat; cover completely or make imperceptible; overcome by superior force ; charge someone with too many tasks overwhelming: overpowering in effect or strength; very great or intense; extremeowe: be in debt; be obliged to pay or repayowl: any species of raptorial birds of the family Strigidaeown: belonging to oneself or itself; not foreign; domesticownership: having and controlling propertyoxide: binary compound of oxygen with an atom or radical, or a compound which is regarded as binaryoxygen: a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gasoyster: marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell
pace: single movement from one foot to the other in walking; slow gait; steppack: pact or bundle made up and prepared to be carried; a number of similar things; a full set of playing cardspackaging: putting something into boxespad: soft or small cushion; a kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blottingpainting: drawing; picture or design in paint; action of applying paint to a surfacepair: two people or things considered as a unit; two items of the same kind; couplepale: not ruddy; dusky white; pallid; not bright or brilliantpalm: inner surface of the hand between bases of fingers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family Palmaepamphlet: brochure; leaflet; a small book usually having a paper coverpan: criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in panpane: framed section of window or door that is filled with a sheet of glass or others; panel in a wall or doorpanel: a group of people gathered for a special purpose; small board or padpanic: sudden mass fear and anxietypanorama: complete view in every direction.panoramic: related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide viewpant: breathe quickly or in a labored manner; respire with heaving of the breast; sighpantry: apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are keptpants: trousers; underwear; garment extending from waist to knee or anklepar: amount or level considered to be average; standard; equality of status, level, or valueparachute: rescue equipment consisting of a device that fills with air and retards your fallparade: march in a procession; ceremonial procession; visible displayparadise: garden of Eden; any place of complete delight and peaceparagraph: distinct division of written or printed matter that begins on a new, usually indented lineparallel: make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersectingparalyse: make unable to move or act; impair the progress or functioning ofparameter: characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from othersparasite: animal or plant living on anotherparliament: discussion; formal conference on public affairs; general council, especially an assembly of representatives of a nationpartial: incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or othersparticipant: people who take part inparticipate: take part in something; share in somethingparticle: a tiny piece of anythingpartition: divide into parts, pieces, or sectionspartner: person who is a member of a partnership; associate who works with others toward a common goalpassion: strong feeling or emotion ; fervorpassionate: zealous; enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zealpassive: lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injusticepassport: legal document identifying the bearer as citizen of a country and allowing to travel abroadpastime: something which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusementpasture: field covered with grass; meadowpatch: a piece of cloth; small area of ground covered by specific vegetationpatent: open for the public to read; obvious; plainpath: way; footway; course or track; route; passagepathetic: causing sadness, compassion, or pitypatriot: one who loves and defends his or her countrypatriotic: inspired by love for one's countrypatriotism: love of country; devotion to welfare of one's country; virtues and actions of patriotpatrol: activity of going on an area at regular intervals for security purposespatron: benefactor; regular customerpatronage: sponsorship; support; state of being a sponsorpave: coat; coverpavement: floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make hard and convenient surface for travelpawn: something given as security for loan; pledge or guaranty; article deposited as securitypeach: small tree in Prunus persica widely cultivated at temperate regions, having pink flowers and edible fruitpeak: summit; apex; maximum; primepebble: small smooth rounded rockpeck: pick; hit lightly with a picking motion; eat like a birdpeculiar: special; characteristic; unusual; odd; bizarrepeculiarity: eccentricity; oddness; an odd or unusual characteristic; private ownership; proprietorshippedal: foot-operated lever used for actuating or controlling a mechanismpedestrian: lacking wit or imagination; ordinarypeel: come off in flakes or thin small pieces; strip the skin off; get undressedpeer: gaze; stare; look searchingly; company withpenalty: punishment established by law or authority for a crime or offense; finepending: not yet decided or settled; awaiting conclusion or confirmationpenetrate: pierce; go through; permeatepenetration: act or process of penetrating, piercing, or enteringpension: something paid or given; payment to a person in consideration of past servicesperceive: become aware of through the senses; detectpercent: out of each hundred; per hundred; one part in a hundredperception: understanding; feeling; effect or product of perceivingperch: a place high up; an elevated place serving as a seat perfect: completed; not defective nor redundant; having all the properties or qualities; without flaw, fault, or blemish; without errorperfection: flawlessness; excellence; state of being without flaw or defectperform: carry through; bring to completion; achieve; accomplish; executeperformance: act of performing; dramatic or musical entertainment; process or mannerperformer: entertainer; who performs or takes part in a play or performance of any kindperfume: pleasing, agreeable scent or odorperil: danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destructionperimeter: outer boundary length; closed curve bounding a plane areaperiod: duration, continuance, term; end of somethingperiodic: repeated; recurring at intervals of timeperiodical: publication that appears at fixed intervalsperipheral: located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliaryperish: be destroyed; pass away; become nothingpermanent: remaining without essential changepermission: consent; approval to do somethingpermissive: approving; tolerant; granting; not strict in disciplinepermit: consent to; give permissionperpendicular: vertical; upright; intersecting at or forming right angles; extremely steepperpetual: everlasting; continuing without interruptionperplex: baffle; confusepersecute: pursue in a manner to injure, grieve, or afflict; beset with cruelty or malignity; harass; annoypersecution: act or practice of persecuting on the basis of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or beliefs that differ from those of the persecutorperseverance: endurance; steady persistence in adhering to a course of actionpersevere: endure; be persistent, refuse to stoppersist: continue; insist; perseverepersistence: endurance; tenacity; state or quality of being persistent; persistencypersonal: particular to a given individual; concerning or affecting a particular personpersonality: complex of all the attributes of a person; totality of qualities and traits of a personpersonnel: group of people willing to obey ordersperspective: appearance of things; view, outlook, or vistapersuade: advise; counsel; urge the acceptance or practice of; convincepertain: belong; have connection with, or dependence onpertinent: having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relatingperturb: disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; throw into great confusionperuse: read or examine, typically with great carepest: persistently annoying person; organism that injures livestock or cropspet: animal kept for amusement or companionshippetition: plea; formal message requesting somethingpetroleum: dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons petty: trivial; of small importance; very smallphase: any distinct time period in a sequence of events; stagephenomenon: appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrencephilosophy: body of highest truth; investigation of nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoningphonetics: branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysisphotograph: picture or likeness obtained by photographyphrase: brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expressionphysical: relating to the body as distinguished from the mind or spiritphysician: person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to treat diseases; doctor of medicinepiano: stringed instrument that is played by depressing keyspick: remove something with the fingers, or with the teeth; separate as choice or desirablepicnic: eat in the open air; have informal meal eaten outside or on an excursionpicturesque: scenic; striking or interesting in an unusual waypier: landing place; platform built out from shore into water and supported by piles; provides access to shipspigment: substance used as coloring; dry coloring matterpile: large timber or post; heap; hair; fiber of wool, cotton; head of an arrow or spearpilgrim: traveler; one who travels far, or in strange lands, to visit some holy place or shrine as a devoteepill: a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that is unpleasant or offensivepillar: column; postpillow: a cushion to support the head of a sleeping personpilot: one who guides a course of action for others; one who operates or is licensed to operate an aircraft in flightpin: a piece of wood, metal, generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles togetherpinch: clutch; squeeze between the thumb and a finger, the jaws of a tool, or other edgespine: have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn forpineapple: large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leavespioneer: originator; explorerpioneering: initial; groundbreaking; originating; serving to pioneerpious: devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and moralitypirate: robber on seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on seaspistol: the smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one handpiston: sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves againstpit: confront; set into opposition or rivalrypitch: action or manner of throwing somethingpitcher: container for liquids, having a handle and a lip or spout for pouring; player who throws the ball from the mound to the batterplague: epidemic disease with a high death rate; annoyanceplain: without elevations or depressions; flat; smooth; not rich; simple; without beauty; not handsomeplane: flat or level surface; level of development, existence, or achievementplanet: celestial bodies that revolve around the sunplantation: farm; an area under cultivation; a group of cultivated trees or plantsplaster: cover conspicuously, as by pasting something on; adhesive tape used in dressing wounds; a hardened surface as on a wall or ceilingplastic: capable of being molded; capable of being shaped or formed; easily influencedplate: flat piece of metal; thick sheet of metal; small, usually circular, vessel of metal or wood for food tableplateau: highland; upland; relatively flat highlandplatform: stage; a raised horizontal surfaceplaywright: someone who writes playsplea: request for help; excuse or pretextplead: appeal or request earnestly; enter a plea; offer as an excusepleasure: agreeable sensations or emotions; excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfyingpledge: promise solemnly and formally; binding commitment to do somethingplight: condition or state, especially a bad state or conditionplot: small extent of ground; secret scheme or strategyplough: plowpluck: pull or draw, especially, to pull with sudden force or effort, or to pull off or out from somethingplug: something, such as a cork or a wad of cloth, used to fill a hole tightly; stopperplumb: checking perpendicularity; exactly verticalplumber: craftsman who installs and repairs pipes and fixtures and appliances plume: feather, especially a soft, downy feather, or a long, conspicuous, or handsome feather; an ornamental tuft of feathers; token of honor or achievementplump: sound of a sudden heavy fall; well-rounded and full in formplunder: take goods of by force, or without right; spoil; sack; strip; robplunge: dive; submerge; become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically; throw oneself into a substance or placeplus: involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scaleply: bend; lay on closely, or in folds; work upon steadily, or with repeated acts; press uponpneumonia: inflammation of the lungspoke: push at, as with a finger or an arm; search or look curiously; proceed in slow or lazy manner; thrust forwardpolar: pertaining to one of the poles of the earth; of the polespole: a long rod; one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinionspolicy: settled method of government to administer; system of public or official administrationpolish: remove flaws from; perfect or completepolitics: profession devoted to governing and political affairs; study of government of states and other political unitspoll: voting; survey; number of votes cast or recordedpollute: make impure; make unfit for or harmful to living things, especially by the addition of waste matterpollution: contamination; undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminatedponder: weigh; weigh in the mind; view with deliberation; examine carefully; consider attentivelypony: small horse; small glass of beer; word for word translation of a foreign language textpopcorn: small kernels of corn exploded by heatpopular: of common people; suitable to common people; easy to be comprehended; not abstruse; familiar; plainpopularity: quality of being widely admired or accepted or sought afterporcelain: ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic porch: covered and enclosed entrance to building; covered passagepore: gaze intently; stare; scrutinize; read or study carefully and attentivelyport: place on waterway with facilities for loading and unloading shipsportable: mobile; easily or conveniently transportedportion: section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a wholeportrait: portraiture; picture; likeness of a person, especially one showing the faceportray: depict; describe; drawpose: pretend to be someone you are not; assume a posture as for artistic purposespositive: involving advantage or good ; greater than zero; very sure; confidentpossess: occupy in person; hold or actually have in one's own keeping; have and hold; have the legal title topossession: act of having and controlling property; belongingspost: display announcement in a place of public view; publish on a listpostage: token that postal fee has been paid; charge for mailing somethingpostal: of or relating to the system for delivering mailpostcard: card for sending messages by post without an envelopeposterity: descendants; future generationspostpone: hold back to a later time; delay; deferpostulate: essential premise; underlying assumptionpot: metallic or earthen vessel for boiling meat or vegetables, for holding liquids, or for plantpotent: powerful; having power to influence or convince; having great control or authoritypotential: existing in possibility; expected to become or bepotentiality: inherent capacity for coming into being; an aptitude that may be developedpoultry: domestic fowls reared for eating, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons, turkeys, ducks, and geesepound: unit of weight equal to 16 ouncespour: flow in a spurt; rain heavily; supply in large amountspoverty: lack of money; state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comfortspracticable: feasible; capable of being effected, done, or put into practicepractical: based on experience; usefulpractically: virtually; actually; for all practical purposeprairie: treeless grassy plain; extensive area of flat or rollingpreach: advocate; speak, plead; argue in favor of precaution: prevention; measure taken beforehand; act of foresightprecede: come before; antecedeprecedence: fact, state, or right of preceding; priority; previous occurrence, or existence before; preceding act or speechprecedent: act or instance that may be used as example in subsequent similar casespreceding: ahead; prior toprecious: of high worth or costprecise: exact; clearly expressed; accurate or correctprecision: exactness; accuracy; number of significant digits to which a value has been reliably measuredpredecessor: former occupant of post; ancestor or forefatherpredict: state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledgeprediction: something foretold or predicted; prophecypredominant: most frequent or common; having superior power and influencepreface: something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essaypreferable: favored; better; more desirable or worthy than another; preferredpreference: a strong liking; favoritepregnancy: condition of being pregnant; fruitfulness; fertilitypregnant: expecting a baby; carrying within the body or being about to produce new lifeprejudice: opinion formed without due examination; leaning toward one side of a questionpreliminary: prior to or preparing for the main matter; introductoryprelude: introduction; forerunner; preliminary or prefacepremature: too soon; too early; occurring before a state of readinesspremium: having or reflecting superior quality or valueprescribe: dictate; guide; advise the use of; assert a right; claimprescribed: set down as a rule or guide; certain; statedprescription: written instructions from doctor; written order; act of establishing official rules, laws, or directionspresence: state of being present; current existencepresent: being in existence; something presented as a gift; period of time that is happening nowpresentation: show or display; act of presenting something to sight or viewpreservation: conservation; protectionpreserve: uphold; retain; maintain in safety from injury, peril, or harmpreside: be set, or to sit, in the place of authority; to occupy the place of president, chairman, moderator, director; direct, control, and regulate, as chief officerpress: machines or devices that apply pressure or print; collecting and publishing of news; journalism in generalpressure: stress; tension; condition of being pressedprestige: impression produced by achievements or reputation; recognized distinction or importancepresumably: assumedly; supposedlypresume: take for granted as true in absence of proof; venture without authoritypretense: act of giving a false appearance; imaginative intellectual playpretentious: intended to attract notice and impress others; making unjustified claims; overly ambitiousprevail: induce; be greater in strength or influence; triumph; win outprevailing: most frequent; widespread; predominantprevalent: widespread; widely or commonly occurring, existing, acceptedprevious: existing or occurring before something elseprey: target of a hunt; animal hunted or caught for foodprick: penetrate or puncture by a sharp and slender thingprimary: of first rank or importance or value; essential or basicprime: first in excellence, quality, or value; at the best stage; peak; first in degree or rank; chiefprimitive: belonging to an early stage; simple or naive in style; primevalprincipal: highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degreeprinciple: basic truth or law or assumption; rule or law of nature; rule of personal conductprior: preceding in the order of time; former; previouspriority: preceding in time, importance, or urgencyprivacy: quality of being secluded from view of others; condition of being hiddenprivilege: special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all; right reserved exclusivelyprobe: explore with tools; investigate; searchproblematic: open to doubt; unsettled; questionable; difficult to solveprocedure: act or manner of moving forward; act performed; steps taken in an actionproceed: follow a certain course; move ahead; travel onwardproceeding: a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invokedproceeds: profit, money made from selling something; income arising from land or other propertyprocess: act of proceeding; continued forward movement; a series of actionsprocession: act of proceeding, moving on, advancing, or issuing; regular, orderly, or ceremonious progress; continuous courseproclaim: declare; announceprocure: bring into possession; cause to accrue to, or to come into possession of; cause to come; bringproduce: bring forward; lead forth; offer to view or notice; exhibit; cause to be or to happenproductive: having quality or power of producing; yielding or furnishing results; causing to existproductivity: quality or state of being productive; productiveness.profession: occupation requiring special educationprofessional: engaged in, or suitable for a professionproficiency: skillfulness in command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; expertiseproficient: skilled; expert; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitudeprofile: outline; biographical sketchprofit: advantageous gain or return; income received from investments or propertyprofound: deep; not superficial; far-reachingprogress: moving or going forward; proceeding onward; advanceprogressive: forward-looking; advancing; incrementalprohibit: ban; taboo; forbidprohibitive: tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbiddingproject: any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; program; plan; schemeprojection: plan for anticipated course of action; thing that extends outward beyond a prevailing line or surfaceprojector: optical device for projecting a beam of lightproletarian: member of working class; blue collar personprolong: make longer; draw out; lengthenprominence: relative importance; property of being prominent; a standing out from the surface of somethingprominent: conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely knownpromise: declaration assuring that one will or will not do something; indication of something favorable to comepromising: likely to develop in a desirable manner; affording hopepromote: help to flourish; advance in rank; publicizeprompt: move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminderprone: inclined; lying face downward; having a tendencyproof: evidence; demonstration; statement or argument used in such a validationpropaganda: organization or plan for spreading a particular doctrine or a system of principlespropagate: cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger numberpropel: drive forward; cause to move forward or onward; pushpropeller: machine for propelling an aircraft or boat; one who propelsproper: belonging to one; one's own; individual; belonging to natural or essential constitution; peculiar; not common; particularproperty: any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someoneprophet: one who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is expressedproportion: percentage; quotient obtained when a part is divided by the whole; part considered in relation to the wholeproposal: something proposed; act of making a proposal; an offer of marriagepropose: make a proposal, declare a plan for somethingproposition: plan suggested for acceptance; a matter to be dealt with; subject for discussion or analysisproprietor: one who has legal title to something; ownerproprietorship: an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profitsprose: essay; ordinary speech or writing; commonplace expression or qualityprosecute: seek to obtain or enforce by legal action; carry out or participate in an activity; be involved inprosecutor: one who carries out legal action, especially criminal proceedings; one who prosecutes any purpose, plan, or businessprospect: possibility of future success; belief about futureprosperity: good fortune; financial success; physical well-beingprosperous: successful; thriving; having or characterized by financial success or good fortuneprotein: any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cellsprotest: expression of disagreement and disapproval; complain againstprotocol: code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transactionprototype: original work used as a model; original typeprovincial: relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticatedprovision: stipulated condition; act of supplying or fitting out; something providedprovisional: temporary; provided for present need onlyprovocation: unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment; aggravationprovoke: stir to anger; give rise to; stir to action or feelingprudence: quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; good judgmentprudent: cautious; careful in regard to one's own interestspsychology: science that deals with mental processes and behaviorpublication: act or process of publishing printed matter; communication of information to publicpublicity: state of being public; information to attract public noticepublish: make public; make known to mankind, or to people in generalpull: steer or move into a certain direction; take away; remove from a fixed position; extractpulse: beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;pump: draw fluid or gas by pressure or suction; supply in great quantitiespumpkin: usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash familypunch: blow; drive forcibly; pierce; hit with a sharp blow of the fistpunctual: consisting in a point; limited to a point; unexpended; precisepupil: a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution puppy: young dog; pup; doll; puppetpurchase: act or an instance of buying; something boughtpurify: refine; make pure or free from sin or guilt; become cleanpurity: condition of being pure; freedom from foreign admixture or deleterious matter; cleannesspurple: chromatic color between red and blue; belonging to or befitting a supreme rulerpurse: gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shapepursue: follow in; go in search of or hunt forpursuit: follow after; follow with a view to obtain; endeavor to attainpuzzle: difficult question or problempyramid: a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides; built as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
qualification: an attribute that must be metqualified: restricted; having the appropriate qualifications for an office, position, or taskqualify: make such as is required; give added or requisite qualities to; make legally capablequalitative: relating to quality; having the character of qualityquantitative: expressed or expressible as a quantity; relating to measurement of quantityquarter: one of four equal parts; a fourth part or portionquarterly: every three months; in three month intervalsquartz: a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal formquay: dock; landing place; reinforced bank where ships are loaded or unloadedqueer: odd or unconventional, as in behavior; eccentric; mysterious; suspicious; questionablequench: put out a fire; extinguish; put an end to; destroyquery: inquiry; doubt in the mind; mental reservationquest: act of searching for somethingquestionnaire: form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical informationquilt: bedding made of two layers of cloth filled with stuffingquiver: shake with slight, rapid, tremulous movementquota: limitation on imports; ration; prescribed numberquotation: passage or expression that is quoted or cited; practice of quoting from booksquote: cite or repeat a passage from; repeat or copy the words of anotherrack: framework for holding objectsracket: thin strip of wood, having the ends brought together, forming elliptical hoop, across which a network of catgut or cord is stretched; broad wooden shoe or pattern for a man or horse, to enable him to step on marshy or soft groundradar: measuring instrument to detect distant objects by microwaveradiant: brilliant; delightedradiate: spread out; effuse; issue or emerge in rays or wavesradiation: very small particles of a radioactive substance that can cause illness or deathradical: drastic; extreme; arising from or going to a root or source; basicradius: right line drawn or extending from the center of a circle to the peripheryrage: something that is desired intensely; state of extreme angerraid: search without warning; surprise attack by a small armed forcerail: scold; express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive languagerainbow: arc of colored light in sky caused by refraction of the sun's rays by rainrally: call up or summon; call together for a common purposeramble: wander aimlessly; move about aimlessly; walk about casually or for pleasureranch: farm consisting of a large tract of landrandom: without definite purpose, plan, or aim; having no specific patternrange: limits within which something can be effective; variety of different things or activitiesrank: hold a particular position in a social hierarchy; form or stand in a row or rowsrapture: seizing by violence; hurrying along; rapidity with violence; state or condition of being rapt, or carried away from one's self by agreeable excitementrare: scarce; infrequently occurring; uncommonrarely: not often; in an unusual degree; exceptionallyrat: any of various long tailed rodents, similar to but larger than mouseratify: approve formally; confirm; verifyratio: relation which one quantity or magnitude has to another of the same kind; rate; proportionration: allotment; allowance; portion; allot; distribute in rationsrational: consistent with; based on; using reasonrattle: a rapid series of short loud sounds; loosely connected horny sectionsravage: bring heavy destruction on; devastateraw: in the natural unprocessed condition; cruel and unfair; uncooked; untrained and inexperiencedray: one of a number of lines diverging from a point; a line of light or heat proceeding from a pointrazor: sharp-edged cutting instrument used especially for shaving the face or other body partsreact: act against or in opposition to; show a response or a reactionreactionary: opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservativereadily: easily; quickly; in a prompt, timely manner; promptlyrealization: fulfillment; awareness; coming to understand something clearly and distinctlyrealm: kingdom; domain ruled by a king or queenreap: gain; harvest a crop from; get or derive; obtain as a result of effortrear: side of an object that is opposite its front; hind part; point or area farthest from the frontreasonable: showing reason or sound judgment; capable of reasoning; rational; being within bounds of common sensereassure: give or restore confidence in; cause to feel sure or certainrebel: one who takes part in an armed group against the constituted authority; revolt;rebellion: organized opposition to authorityrebuke: scold harshly; criticize severelyrecall: remember; call back; cause to be returnedrecede: move back; retreat; withdraw a claim or pretensionreceipt: act of receiving; acknowledgment of goods delivered or money paidreception: act of receiving; manner in which something is greetedreceptionist: secretary whose main duty is to answer the telephone and receive visitorsrecession: withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activityrecipe: medical prescription; a set of directions for making or preparing something, especially foodrecipient: receiver; one that receives or is receptivereciprocal: concerning each of two or more persons or things; exchangeable; interactingrecite: repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed to memory; rehearse, as a lesson to an instructorreckless: headstrong; rash; indifferent to or disregardful of consequencesreckon: compute; take account of; have faith or confidence inreclaim: bring into or return to a suitable condition for use; claim back; make useful againrecognition: acceptance ; appreciation; approvalrecognize: perceive the identity of; consent or admit with a formal acknowledgment; show appreciation ofrecollection: memory; remembrance; power of recalling ideas to the mindrecommend: suggest; bestow commendation on; represent favorablyrecommendation: making attractive or acceptable; pushing for somethingrecompense: render an equivalent to, for service, loss; requite; remunerate; compensate; give in return; pay backreconcile: correct inconsistencies; become friendly after a quarrel; become compatible or consistentreconnaissance: gain information about enemy; inspection or exploration of an arearecourse: one that is turned or applied to for aid or security; resort for help or protection; access or admittancerecover: get or find back; regain a former conditionrecreation: amusement; entertainmentrecruit: enlist; register formally as a participant; engage for military servicerectangle: a parallelogram with four right anglesrectify: set right; correct by calculation or adjustmentrecur: reappear; happen or occur againrecurrence: act of recurring, or state of being recurrent; returnredeem: purchase back; regain possession of by payment; ransom or rescue from captivity; pay penalty; make amends forreed: tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stemsreef: chain or range of rocks lying at or near the surface of the waterreel: frame with radial arms, or a kind of spool, turning on axis, on which threads or lines are woundreferee: someone to investigate and report on a case or to ensure fair playreference: act of referring or consulting; remark that calls attention to something or someonerefine: purify; make more precise; improverefined: cultured; purified; made pure refinement: result of improving something; process of removing impuritiesreflect: throw or bend back light from a surface; give back or show an image of; mirrorreflection: image of something as reflected by mirror; remark expressing careful considerationrefrain: abstain from; resist; hold oneself backrefreshment: activity that refreshes and recreates; snacks and drinks served as a light mealrefrigerator: machines in which food can be stored at low temperaturesrefugee: one who flees to shelter, or place of safetyrefund: repayment of fund; an amount repaidrefusal: act of refusing; denial of anything demandedrefute: disprove; prove to be false or incorrectregarding: with respect to; by concerningregardless: without consideration; in spite of everything; anywayregime: form of government; government in power; administration; prevailing social system or patternregiment: government; mode of ruling; rule; authorityregion: province; district; tract; neighborhood; the upper air; sky or heavens; inhabitants of a districtregister: give outward signs of; express; record in writing; enroll as a studentregulate: bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations; fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of regulation: act of controlling or directing according to rule; prescribed by or according to rulerehearsal: act of rehearsing; exercise or practice to prepare for a public performancerehearse: practice; drill; engage in preparation for a public performancereign: sovereignty; rule; dominance or widespread influencereimburse: pay back for some expense incurredrein: strap or rope attached to the bridle or bit, used to control a horse or other animal; instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governingreinforce: give more force or effectiveness to; strengthen; enhancereiterate: say, state, or perform again or repeatedlyreject: turn down; refuse to accept; dismiss from considerationrejection: act of rejecting somethingrejoice: feel joy; experience gladness in a high degree; have pleasurable satisfaction; be delighted; enjoyrelax: make less severe or strict; become less tenserelaxation: state of refreshing tranquility; act of making less strictrelay: act of passing something along from one person, group, or station to anotherrelease: give off; liberate; grant freedom to; make something availablerelevant: pertinent; having connection with matter at handreliability: trait of being dependable or reliablereliable: worthy of being depended on; trustworthyreliance: dependence; certainty based on past experiencerelief: easing of burden or distress, such as pain or anxiety; release from post or duty; pleasant or amusing changerelieve: free from a burden; alleviate; save from ruinreligion: belief in supernatural power regarded as creator and governor of the universereligious: of religion; concerned with religion; having or showing belief in and reverence for God or a deityrelinquish: give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandonrelish: take keen or zestful pleasure in; enjoy the flavor of; give spice or flavor toreluctance: state of being reluctant; unwillingness; hesitancy in taking some actionreluctant: not wanting to take some action; averserely: rest with confidence; have confidence; dependremainder: remnant; something left after other parts have been taken awayremains: all that is left after other parts have been taken away, used up, or destroyed; corpse; ancient ruins or fossilsremark: expression, in speech or writing, of something remarked or noticedremarkable: worthy of notice; extraordinaryremedy: a medicine or therapy; ; cure; fix; repair; provide relief forremind: recall knowledge from memory; have a recollectionreminiscence: recollection; process of rememberingremit: send back; give up; surrender; resign; restore; transmit or send, especially as money in payment of a demandremittance: transmitting money, bills, especially to a distant place, as in satisfaction of a demand, or in discharge of an obligationremnant: remainder; small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer existsremove: move away from the position occupied; cause to change place; take awayrenaissance: revival; renewal; revival of learning and culturerender: deliver;give or make available; provide; represent in a drawing or paintingrenew: renovate; make new or as if new again; restorerenewable: capable of being renewed or extendedrenewal: act of renewing; filling again by supplying what has been used uprent: payment, usually of an amount fixed by contractrental: amount paid or collected as rent; act of rentingrepeal: revoke or annul, especially by official or formal actrepel: force or drive back; disgust; offer resistance to; fight againstrepent: cause to feel remorse or regret; feel regret or self-reproach forrepetition: act of doing or performing againreplace: substitute; put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent itemsreplacement: act of replacing; substitution; person or thing that takes the place of anotherreplenish: fill or make complete again; add a new stock or supply torepresent: stand for; describe or present; play a role or partrepresentation: act of representing; standing in for someone or some group and speaking with authority in their behalf representative: one that represents anything; that which exhibits a likeness or similitude; agentreproach: express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgracereproduce: have offspring or young; duplicate; make a copyreproduction: act of making copiesreptile: cold-blooded vertebrate including tortoises turtles snakes lizards alligators crocodilesrepudiate: disown; refuse to acknowledge; reject validity or authority ofreputable: having a good reputation; honorablereputation: state of being held in high esteem; general estimation in which a person is held by the publicrepute: ascribe a particular fact or characteristic to; consider; supposerequest: express the need or desire for; ask forrequire: insist upon having; request and expectrequisite: necessary requirement; indispensable itemrescind: cancel; make void; repeal or annulrescue: free from harm or evil; take from legal custody by forceresearch: inquire into; attempt to find out in scientific mannerresemblance: likeness; similarity in appearance or external or superficial detailsresemble: be similar to; take after; look likeresent: feel bitter; consider as injury or affront; be in angryresentment: indignation; deep sense of injury; strong displeasurereserve: lack of enthusiasm; skeptical caution; something saved for future use; self-restraint in expressionreservoir: tank used for collecting and storing a liquid; holding pond; lake used to store water for community usereside: dwell; live in a place permanently or for an extended periodresidence: official house; large house; act of dwelling in a placeresident: one who resides in a place permanently or for an extended period; dwellerresidual: remaining as a residue; surplusresign: sign back; return by a formal act; yield to another; abandonresignation: act of resigning or giving up, as a claim, possession, or office; surrenderresist: stand up or offer resistance; refuse to comply; withstand the force of somethingresistance: action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree withresistant: unaffected; incapable of being affectedresolute: firm, unyielding, or determined; having decided purposeresolution: determination; resolving to do something; formal statement of a decisionresolve: determination; formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a voteresort: vacation spot; act of turning to for assistanceresource: materials; abilities; available sourcerespect: honor or esteem; admire; aspect; detail or pointrespective: individual; relating to particular persons or things, each to each; particular; respectful; regardfulrespectively: separately; individually; in the order givenrespond: show a reaction to something favorably or as hopedresponsibility: duties; obligation; state of being responsible, accountable, or answerableresponsible: accountable; held accountable restless: never resting; unquiet; uneasy; continually moving; eager for change; discontentedrestore: give or bring back; return to its original conditionrestrain: keep under control; hold back ; place limits onrestraint: moderation or limitation; controlling force; loss of freedom; control of feelingsrestrict: keep or confine within limitsrestriction: act of keeping something within specified bounds; a principle that limits the extent of something restrictive: tending or serving to restrict; limiting; confiningresume: give a summary; return to a previous location or conditionretail: selling of goods to consumersretailer: company which sells goodsretain: keep; maintain possession of; hire by payment of a fee; keep in mind; rememberretire: move back and away from; stop performing one's work or withdraw from one's positionretirement: period of your life after you have stopped work at a certain ageretort: reply, especially to answer in a quick, caustic, or witty mannerretreat: receding; pull back or move away or backward; withdrawal of troops to a more favorable positionretroactive: extending in scope or effect to a prior time or to prior conditionsreveal: make known; disclose or showrevenge: do punishment in return for injury or insult; avengerevenue: money which returns from an investment; annual income; rewardreverence: profound respect and esteem mingled with fear and affection, as for a holy being or place; disposition to revere; act of reveringreverse: overturn; turn inside out or upside down; turning in the opposite directionrevert: return to a former condition, practice, subject, or belief; backslide; turn back toreview: summary of a longer discussion; formal examination; practice to refresh memoryrevise: amend; changerevision: modification; correction; act of alteringrevival: bringing again into activity and prominencerevive: restore from a depressed; renewrevoke: void or annul by recalling, withdrawing, or reversing; cancel; retractrevolt: organize opposition to authority; make revolutionrevolution: act of revolving; motion of body round a fixed point or line; rotation; total or radical change; fundamental change in political organizationrevolutionary: marked by new or introducing radical changerevolve: turn or roll round on, or as on, an axis, like a wheel; rotate; move in curved path round a center; pass in cyclesreward: satisfying return or result; profit, return for performance of a desired behavior; positive reinforcement.rhythm: pattern; beat; recurring at regular intervalsrib: one of the curved bones attached to the vertebral column and supporting the lateral walls of the thoraxribbon: fillet or narrow woven fabric, commonly of silk; narrow strip of fine material used for trimmingriddle: pierce with numerous holes; perforate; permeate or spread throughoutridge: long, narrow upper section or crest; chain of hills or mountainsridicule: words or actions intended to evoke contemptuous laughter; make fun ofridiculous: completely lacking of wisdom or good senserifle: shoulder firearm with a long barrelrighteous: morally justified; equitable; free from wrong, guilt, or sinrigid: stiff and unyielding; strict; hard and unbending; not flexiblerigidity: stiffness; physical property of being stiff and resisting bendingrigor: strictness or severity, as in temperament, action, or judgment; something hard to endurerigorous: full of rigors; harsh; rigidly accurate; preciserim: border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of something circular or curvingrinse: cleanse with water; flush; wash lightly without soapriot: state of disorder involving group violence; rebellionrip: tear or be torn violently; criticize or abuse strongly and violentlyripe: ready; fully developed; matureripen: grow ripe; cause to ripen or develop fullyripple: form or display little undulations or waves on the surface, as disturbed water doesrise: move from a lower position to a higher; mount up; move upward; reach a higher levelrisky: involving risk or danger; hazardousrival: compete; be equal to in quality or ability; matchrivalry: competition; the act of competing as for profit or a prizeroam: wander; ramble; strollroar: bellow; rumble; make a loud noiseroast: cook with dry heat, usually in an oven; subject to laughter or ridiculerobe: outer garment; dress of rich, flowing, and elegant style or make; dress of state, rank, officerobust: vigorous; full of health and strength; vigorousrod: stick; a long thin implement made of metal or woodrole: normal activity of a person in particular social setting; part played by a performerroll: a list of names rooster: adult male chickenrot: become decomposed by a natural process; perish slowly; become corruptrotary: turning, as a wheel on its axis; pertaining to, or resembling, the motion of a wheel on its axisrotate: plant or grow in a fixed cyclic order of succession; swirl; revolve; turn on or around an axis or a centerrotation: revolution; act of rotating as if on an axisrough: not perfected; having or caused by an irregular surfaceroughly: approximately; more or lessround: by moving in or forming a circle; from beginning to end; throughout; to a specific place or personroundabout: circuitous; going round; indirect; encircling; enveloping; comprehensiverouse: pull or haul strongly and all together, as upon a rope, without the assistance of mechanical appliancesroute: way for travel or transportationroutine: unvarying or habitual method of procedure; occurring at fixed times or predictable intervalsroyalty: being royal; quality of royal person; kingship; sovereignty; share of product, as a percentage paid to owner of copyrightrub: move over the surface with pressure and friction; spread a substance thinly overruin: fall or tumble down; destroy; devastate; exterminateruinous: causing, or tending to cause, ruin; destructive; baneful; perniciousrule: governing direction for a specific purpose; regulation; systematic methodrural: country; relating to rural areasrust: become destroyed by water, air, or an etching chemical such as an acid ruthless: pitiless; cruel; having no compassion or pity; merciless
sack: bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases; enclosed spacesacred: concerned with religion; worthy of respect or dedicationsacrifice: offering of something to god; victim offered to god; surrender or loss of profit for higher objectsaddle: load or burden; put harness onto animal's back to ridesag: sink, in the middle, by its weight or under applied pressure, below a horizontal line or planesake: purpose; reason for wanting something donesalmon: several species of fish of the Salmonidae family; reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmonsalute: give a sign of good will; compliment by an act or ceremony, as a kiss, a bow; honorsample: small part of something intended as representative of the wholesandy: loose and large-grained in consistencysanitary: relating to health or the protection of healthsarcasm: cutting, often ironic remark intended to wound; stinging rebuke; form of humor by mocking with ironysarcastic: ironic; expressing or expressive of ridicule that woundssatellite: small body revolving around a larger one; subordinatesatire: form of literature in which irony and ridicule are used to attack human vice and follysatisfaction: fulfillment or gratification of a desire, need, or appetite; source or means of gratificationsatisfactory: acceptable; passablesauce: stewed fruit served with other foods; appetizing ingredients for meat, fish or puddingssaucer: dish; small shallow dish having a slight circular depression in the center for holding a cupsavage: in a state of nature; wild; untamed; uncultivated; inhuman; brutal; not civilized; lacking polish; rudesave: rescue; preserve; make unnecessary; set aside for future usesavings: resources; money savedscale: climb up or over; alter according to a standard; estimate or measure; remove in layersscan: make a wide, sweeping search of; examinescandal: publicized incident that brings about disgrace; damage to reputation by disclosure of improper behaviorscar: mark of damage; mark left on the skin after injuryscarce: hard to find; absent or rare; limitedscarcely: hardly; barely; only justscare: frighten; alarm; strike with sudden fearscarf: long piece of cloth worn about the head, neck, or shouldersscarlet: bright redscatter: sprinkle; disseminate; cause to separate and go in different directionsscene: structure on which something is shown; part of theater where the acting is done; place, time, or circumstance in which anything occursscenery: landscape; view; view or views of natural features, especially in open countryscenic: constituting or affording pleasing views of natural features; beautifulscent: distinctive odor that is pleasant; fragrance; perfumeschedule: plan for an activity or event; arrangescheme: elaborate and systematic plan of action; chart or outline of a system or objectscholar: professor; a learned personscholarship: knowledge resulting from study and research; grant of financial aid awarded to studentscissors: edge tool having two crossed pivoting bladesscoff: mock; ridicule; show or express scorn; eat quickly and greedilyscold: find fault or rail with rude clamor; utter harsh, rude, boisterous rebukescope: range of one's perceptions, thoughts, or actions; extent; boundscorch: burn superficially; parch, or shrivel, the surface of, by heat; affect painfully with heat; burnscore: act of getting point in a game or sport; facts about an actual situationscorn: extreme and lofty contempt; haughty disregardscotch: put an abrupt end to; block to prevent rolling or slippingscout: find paths through unexplored territoryscramble: unceremonious and disorganized struggle; rushing about hastily in an undignified wayscrap: small piece or bit; fragment; fragment; leftover bits of food; remnantscrape: gather something together over time; scratch repeatedlyscratch: cut the surface of; cause frictionscreen: surface where pictures can be projected for viewing ; examine; testscrew: cause to penetrate with a circular motion; fastener with shank and slotted headscrewdriver: a hand tool for driving screwsscript: prepare text for filming or broadcastingscrub: rub hard; wash with rubbingscrutiny: close examination; minute inspection; critical observation.sculptor: artist who creates sculptures sculpture: statue; creating figures or designs in three dimensionsseal: middle size aquatic mammal; stamp used for authentication or securityseam: line of junction formed by sewing together two pieces; line across a surface, as a crack; scarseaport: sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargoseashore: coast; beach; the shore of a sea or ocean seasonal: occurring at or dependent on a particular seasonsecondary: not of major importance; of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediatesecret: something studiously concealed; a thing kept from general knowledgesection: one of several parts; pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole objectsector: particular aspect of life or activity; body of people who form part of society or economysecure: free from fear, care, or anxiety; not have reason to doubtsecurity: freedom from risk or danger; safetyseek: make an effort to; try to get; try to discoverseemingly: apparently; supposedlysegment: sector; portion; any of the parts into which something can be dividedselect: taken from a number by preference; picked out as more valuable or excellent than others; of special value or excellenceselection: choice; variety; collectionsenator: a member of a senate; a member of the king's council; a king's councilorsensation: feeling; perception associated with stimulation of a sense organ or with a specific body conditionsensational: arousing or intended to arouse strong curiosity, interest, or reactionsense: faculty through which to know external world; feeling produced by stimulussensible: able to feel or perceive; perceivable; wise; showing reason or sound judgmentsensitive: able to feel; responsive to external conditions; susceptible to attitudes of otherssensitivity: sense; acuteness; capacity of an organ or organism to respond to stimulationsentence: final judgment of guilty in criminal case and punishment that is imposedsentiment: thought prompted by passion or feeling; feeling toward or respecting some person or thing; disposition prompting to action or expressionsentimental: emotional; Resulting from emotion rather than reason or realismseparate: set or keep apart; disunite; divide; disconnectsequence: serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent patternserene: completely clear and fineserenity: calmness of mind; quietness; stillness; peaceseries: a number of things or events standing or succeeding in order; sequenceserious: grave in manner or disposition; earnest; thoughtful; solemn; really intending what is saidseriously: in a serious or literal manner; gravely; solemnly; in earnest; without levitysession: meeting devoted to a particular activity; time for school to hold classessetting: context and environment in which something is setsettle: take up residence; form a community; come to rest; bring to an end; fix firmlysevere: serious in feeling or manner; not light, lively, or cheerfulshabby: torn or worn to rage; poor; mean; raggedshade: a slight amount or degree of difference; shadow; protective covering that protects something from direct sunlightshaft: axes; vertical passage into a mine; long narrow stem or body of a spear or arrowshallow: lacking physical depth; not deep or strongsham: pretend; put on false appearance of; feignsharpen: make pointed; make sharp or sharpersharply: steeply; changing suddenly in direction and degree; acutelyshatter: destroy; break up; break into many piecesshave: act of removing hair with a razor; thin slice or scrapingshear: cut or clip hair; strip of something; remove by cutting or clippingshed: get rid of ; cast off; cause to pour forthsheer: very thin or transparent; very steep; absolute or puresheet: bed linen consisting of a large rectangular piece; any broad thin surfaceshell: ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge; usually hard outer covering that encases certain organismshelter: structure that provides privacy and protection from dangershepherd: a herder of sheep; someone who keeps the sheep together in a flocksheriff: chief officer of a shire or county, to whom is entrusted the execution of the lawsshield: protective covering or structure; protect; guardshift: moving from one setting or context to another; moving very slightlyshine: emit rays of light; give light; beam with steady radiance; exhibit brightness or splendorshiny: reflecting light; radiant; bright from reflected lightshipment: sending of cargo; act of sending off somethingshipwreck: destruction of a ship, as by storm or collision; complete failure or ruinshiver: shake with or as if with cold; tremble; break into fragments or splintersshock: unpleasant or disappointing surprise; surprise greatly; effect of such a collision or blowshort: not long; unwilling to endure; inadequate or insufficient; most direct; lasting a brief timeshortcut: a direct route; a route shorter than the usual oneshot: photographic view or exposureshove: drive along by the direct and continuous application of strength; push along, aside, or away, in a careless mannershovel: tool consisting of a broad scoop, or hollow blade, with a handle, used for lifting and throwing loose substancesshower: one who shows or exhibits; brief fall of precipitation, such as rain, hail; bath in which the water is sprayedshrewd: clever; characterized by keen awareness, sharp intelligenceshriek: sharp, shrill outcry or scream; shrill wild cry such as is caused by sudden or extreme terror, pain, or the likeshrill: acute; sharp; piercing; having or emitting a sharp, piercing tone or soundshrine: case or box, especially one in which are deposited sacred relics, as the bones of a saint; sacred place, as altar or tombshrink: become smaller or draw together; compressshroud: hide from view; wrap for burial; shut off from sight; sheltershrub: bushshrug: draw up or contract the shoulders, especially by way of expressing dislike, dread, doubt, or the likeshuffle: disorder; move back and forth; mix so as to make a random order or arrangementshun: avoid deliberately; keep away fromshutter: a hinged blind for a windowshuttle: public transport that consists of a bus or train or airplane that run between two points; spacecraftshy: timid; bashful; easily startled; distrustfulsick: affected with disease of any kind; ill; indisposed; not in healthsickness: state that precedes vomiting; diseasesideways: with the side forward; to or from a sidesiege: seat, especially a royal seat; throne; rank; grade; sitting before a fortified place; surrounding or investing of a place by armysieve: a utensil for separating the finer and coarser parts; a kind of coarse basketsift: separate with a sieve, as the fine part of a substance from the course; examine critically or minutely; scrutinizesigh: inhale a larger quantity of air than usual, and immediately expel it; make a deep single audible respiration, especially to express fatigue, exhaustion, grief, or sorrowsightseeing: act or pastime of visiting sights of interestsign: public display of message; visible mark or indicationsignal: a sign made for the purpose of giving notice to a personsignature: name written in own handwritingsignificance: message that is intended or expressed or signified; meaningsignificant: fairly large; important in effect or meaningsignify: denote; mean; indicatesilly: exhibiting a lack of wisdom or good sense; foolish; stupidsimilar: nearly corresponding; somewhat like; having a general likenesssimplicity: easiness; plainness; absence of luxury or showiness; lack of good sense or intelligence; foolishnesssimplify: make simple; make less complex; make clear by giving the explanation forsimulate: make a pretence of; reproduce someone's behavior or lookssimultaneous: existing, happening, or done at the same timesincere: open and genuine; not deceitful; pure; unmixedsingle: one only; consisting of one alone; alone; having no companionsingular: unique; extraordinary; being only onesink: fall by, force of gravity; descend lower; decline gradually; enter deeplysiren: electronic device producing a similar sound as a signal or warning; something insidious or deceptive; mermaidsite: physical position in relation to the surroundings; position; locationskeleton: framework; internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shapesketch: draw or describe briefly; give the main points; summary ofskim: pass near surface of; brush surface of; glide swiftly along surface of; read or examine superficially and rapidly, in order to cull the principal facts or thoughtsskip: jump lightly; hop; bypassskirmish: minor battle in war; minor or preliminary conflict or disputeskull: bony skeleton of the head of vertebratesskyrocket: increase rapidly; rise quickly; soarskyscraper: very tall building with many storiesslack: area of still water; lack of tension; cord, rope, or cable that is hanging loosely; unused capacity; casual trousersslam: shut with force and a loud noise; strike with forceslander: defamation; false and malicious statement or report about someoneslap: sharp blow from a flat object as an open hand; smack; sharp insultslaughter: act of killing; extensive, violent, bloody, or wanton destruction of life; carnageslay: put to death with a weapon, or by violence; kill; put an end to; destroy; overwhelm, as with laughter or loveslender: having little width in proportion to height or length; long and thinslice: a serving that has been cut from a larger portion; piece; a share of somethingslide: slip; move usually in an uncontrolled manner; move smoothly along a surfaceslight: almost no; very little; deliberate discourtesyslightly: a little; a bitslim: small in quantity; being of delicate or slender buildslip: move smoothly and easily; move out of position; move stealthilyslipper: low footwear that can be on and off easily; one who slips or slides because of loss of tractionslippery: smooth; being such as to cause things to slip or slideslit: long, straight, narrow cut or opening; slot; pocketslogan: phrase used repeatedly, as in advertising or promotion slope: be at an angle; incline; gradientslum: a district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions slumber: sleep; state of inactivity or dormancyslump: sudden falling off or decline, as in activity, prices, or business; gross amount; masssmart: clever; intelligent; showing mental alertness and calculationsmash: break in pieces by violence; dash to pieces; crushsmog: air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog smooth: free from obstructions; make surface shinesmoothly: in a smooth manner; successfully; easilysmuggle: import or export without paying customs dutiessnack: eat light informal meal; eat lightlysnap: make a sharp sound; break suddenly as under tension; utter in angry or sharp tonesnatch: grasp or seize hastily, eagerly, or suddenlysneak: creep or steal privately; come or go meanly, as a person afraid or ashamed to be seensneer: show contempt by turning up the nose, or by a particular facial expression; speak derisively; show mirth awkwardlysnob: vulgar person who affects to be better, richer, or more fashionable, than he really is; one who apes his superiors.snobbish: of or pertaining to a snob; vulgarly pretentioussoak: cause or suffer to lie in a fluid; absorb; drain; drink intemperately or gluttonouslysoar: fly aloft, as a bird; mount upward on wings; rise in thought, spirits, or imaginationsober: not extreme; marked by seriousness or gravity; not affected by use of drugs; self-restraintsociable: gregarious; friendly; inclined to or conducive to companionship with otherssociology: branch of philosophy which treats of the constitution, phenomena, and development of human society; social sciencesock: plowshare; short stocking reaching a point between ankle and knee; hard blow or punch; comic dramasoil: material in the surface of the earthsolar: of or relating to the sunsoldier: one who is engaged in military service as an officer or a private; one who serves in an armysole: bottom; underside of foot or shoe or boot; bottom surface of a plowsolely: alone; only; without anothersolemn: serious; somber; deeply earnest, serious, and sobersolicitor: petitioner who seeks contributions or trade or votes; chief law officer of a city, town, or government departmentsolidarity: union of interests, purposes, or sympathies among members of a group; accordsolitary: isolated; existing, living, or going without others; alone; unaccompaniedsolitude: state of being alone; seclusion; lonely or secluded placesolo: composed or performed by a single voice or instrument; unaccompanied; singlesolution: method for solving a problem; successful action of solving a problemsolvent: able to pay all debts; capable of meeting financial obligationssomehow: in one way or another; in some way not yet known; by some meanssomewhat: to some extent or degree; rather; a bit; slightlysoothe: cause to feel better; give moral or emotional strength tosophisticated: wide-ranging knowledge; complex; intellectually appealingsophistication: being expert or having knowledge of some technical subjectsore: skin infection; hurting; inflamed and painful; source of pain, distress, or irritationsort: kind or species; a class of;sound: sensation perceived by the ear; distinctive noise; long narrow inletsour: taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice; showing ill humorsource: point of origin, such as spring, of stream or river; one that causes, creates, or initiatessouvenir: token of remembrance; memento; something of sentimental valuesovereign: having supreme rank or power; self governing; excellent; independentsovereignty: autonomy; independencesow: plant; place seeds in or onsoy: soybean; most highly protein vegetablespacecraft: a vehicle for travelling in spacespaceship: spacecraft designed to carry a crew into interstellar spacespacious: wide; generous or large in area or extent; sizablespan: duration; distance; cover; extent or measure of space between two pointsspare: give up what is not strictly needed; hold back from; withhold or avoid; save or relieve from actionspark: flash; sparkle; emit or produce sparkssparkle: be brilliant in performance; give off or reflect flashes of light; glittersparrow: any of several small dull-colored singing birds feeding on seeds or insects spatial: relating to space; existing in or connected with spacespear: a long, pointed weapon, used in war and hunting, by thrusting or throwingspecialize: mention specially; particularize; apply to some specialty or limited objectspecialized: developed or designed for a special activity or functionspecies: a specific kind of somethingspecific: stated explicitly or in detail; definitespecification: instruction; description; act of specifying, or making a detailed statementspecify: detail; designatespecimen: model; sample; an example regarded as typical of its classspectacle: demonstration; showspectacular: impressive or sensational; lavishly produced performance; grandspectator: observer; audience; one who looks onspectrum: colored band produced when beam of light passes through a prism; a range of valuesspeculate: assume to be true without conclusive evidence; engage in buying or selling of a commodity for profitspeculation: speculating; examination by eye; intellectual check; business venture in unusual risks, with a chance for large profitsspeedy: fast; rapid; accomplished or arrived at without delay; promptspell: name or write in order the letters constituting; add up to; signifysphere: ball; globe; a particular aspect of life or activityspill: pour; sudden drop from an upright position; flow or run outspin: turn round rapidly; move round rapidly; move swiftlyspiral: rotary; curled; moving in a zigzag course; moving in shape of a coilspiritual: not tangible or material; belonging to religion; sacred; supernaturalspit: expel or eject from the mouth; rain gentlyspite: ill-will or hatred toward another, accompanied with the disposition to irritate, annoy, or thwartsplash: cause fluid to scatter in flying masses; strike and dash about, as water, mudsplendid: shining; very bright; magnificent; brilliantsplit: break apart; cut; devidespoil: go bad; rot; decay; become unfit for consumption or usespokesman: one who speaks for anothersponge: soaking up; small absorbent contraceptive pad, used for bathing or cleaningsponsor: one who binds himself to answer for another, and is responsible for his default; godfather or godmotherspontaneous: arising without external cause; growing without cultivation or human laborspoon: a piece of cutlery with a shallow bowl-shaped container and a handlesport: activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitivelyspot: location; place; site; pinpoint; mark to allow easy recognitionsprain: violent wrenching of the soft parts surrounding a joint; injury caused by pushing or pressing; painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligamentsspray: a quantity of small objects flying through airspring: develop suddenly; jump; move forward by leaps and boundssprout: have new growth of a plant such as a new branch or a bud; shoot upspur: urge a horse; incite or stimulate; ride quickly by spurring a horse; proceed in hastesquare: be compatible with; cause to match; cut to rectangular shape; bring into agreement or balance; settlesquash: a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; crush; press; depresssquat: stocky; short and thick; low and broadsqueeze: force something into or through a restricted space; compress with violencesquirrel:  a kind of arboreal rodent having a long bushy tailstab: pierce with a pointed weapon; wound or kill by pointed instrumentstability: balance; constancystable: not easily moved or disturbedstack: an orderly pile; heap; a large number ; arrange in pilestadium: large, usually open structure for sports events with tiered seating for spectatorsstaff: personnel who assist superior to carry out assigned taskstagger: sway; walk as if unable to control one's movementsstain: soiled or discolored; symbol of disgrace or infamy; natural spot of a color different from the goundstaircase: a way of access consisting of a set of steps stake: money risked on gamble; pole set up to mark something; right or legal share of somethingstale: having lost freshness; lacking originality or spontaneitystalk: go through an area in search of prey; pursue; walk with a stiff or angry gait; move threateninglystall: small area set off by walls for special use; boothstammer: make involuntary stops in uttering syllables or words; hesitate or falter in speaking; speak with stops and difficultystandard: criteria; basis for comparisonstandardize: normalize; cause to conform to a standardstanding: high reputation; esteem; maintaining an erect positionstandpoint: a mental position from which things are viewed staple: necessary foods or commodities; basic elements; secure or fasten; a short U-shaped wire nail for securing cablesstapler: one who deals in staple goods or staple fibers; device used to bind material together by means of staplesstartle: move suddenly, or be excited; excite by sudden alarm, surprisestarvation: act of depriving of food or subjecting to faminestarve: hunger; deprive of foodstatesman: one occupied with the affairs of government, and influential in shaping policystatic: having no motion; being at rest; fixed; stationarystationary: fixed; immobile; static; not capable of being movedstationery: paper cut to right size for writing letters; writing materials and office suppliesstatistics: a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data statue: sculpture representing a human or animalstatus: position relative to others; standingstatute: law enacted by legislature; decree or edict, as of a rulersteady: securely in position; not shaky; not easily excitedsteak: slice of meat, typically beef, usually cut thicksteamer: vessel propelled by steam; steamship or steamboat; road locomotive for use on common roadssteep: soak; make thoroughly wetsteer: drive; direct; guide by means of a device such as a rudder, paddle, or wheelstem: stop flow of a liquid; make headway againststereo: stereophonic sound-reproduction systemsterling: any English coin of standard value; coined moneystern: hard, harsh, or severe in manner or character; firm or unyieldingsteward: man employed in a large family, a large estate, a hotel, a club, or on board a ship to manage servicestick: fasten into place by fixing an end; be a follower or supportersticky: glutinous; adhesive; covered with an adhesive agent; humid; stiffstiff: not moving or operating freely; lacking ease in bending; resistantstimulate: encourage; motivate; arouse; spur; excite or invigorate with a stimulantstimulation: arousing an organism to actionsting: pierce painfully with sharp pointed structure or organ; cause to suffer keenly in the mind or feelingsstink: strong, offensive smell; disgusting odor; stenchstipulate: specify or arrange in agreement; express demand in agreement; promise in agreementstipulation: provision; an agreement made by parties in a judicial proceedingstitch: sew; knit; fasten or join with or as if with threadstock: certificate for shareholder of corporation; total amount of goods in a shopstomach: principal organ of digestion; abdomen or belly; appetite for food; desire, especially for something difficultstoop: bend forward and down from the waist or the middle of the backstorey: storystout: dependable; stocky; euphemisms for fatstraightforward: proceeding in a straight course or manner; not deviating; honest; frank.strain: group of organisms within a species; tension; pressurestrait: difficult; stressful; narrow; not broad; tight; close; closely fittingstrand: complex of fibers that twisted together to form a cable, rope, thread; land bordering a body of water; single filamentstrap: belt; band that goes over the shoulder and supports a garment or bagstrategic: important or essential in relation to a plan of action; essential to the effective conduct of war; highly important to an intended objectivestrategy: elaborate and systematic plan; plan of action intended to accomplish a specific goalstreak: a line or long mark of a different color from the ground; stripe; veinstrengthen: reinforce; fortify; make strong or increase the strength ofstress: put special emphasis on; utter with an accent; state of extreme difficulty, pressure, or strainstretch: extend; pull in opposite directions; lie down comfortablystride: step; pace; significant progressstrife: act of striving; earnest endeavor; exertion or contention for superiority; contest of emulation, either by intellectual or physical effortsstrike: a group's refusal to work in protest against low pay or bad work conditionsstriking: dramatic; outstanding; arresting attention and producing a vivid impressionstring: lightweight cord; a collection of objects threaded on a single strand; plant fiberstrip: remove the surface fromstripe: a kind or category; band; ribbonstrive: endeavor; struggle or fight forcefully; exert much effort or energystroke: blow; light touch; sudden loss of consciousness for brain blood vessel lacking oxygenstroll: wander on foot; ramble idly or leisurelystructural: of structure; affecting structure; constructionalstructure: complex construction or entity; complex composition of knowledgestubborn: unreasonably, often perversely unyielding; persistent; difficult to treatstudio: workplace for the teaching or practice of an artstuff: unspecified objects; tangible substancestuffy: stout; lacking sufficient ventilation; close; dull and boringstumble: miss a step and fall or nearly fall; walk unsteadilysturdy: robust; strong; substantially made or constructedstyle: particular kind; a way of expressing somethingsubdue: quiet or bring under control by physical force or persuasion; make less intense; tone downsubject: something to be treated; course or area of studysubjective: occurring or taking place in person's mind rather than external world; unrealsubmarine: submersible warship; move forward or under in a sliding motion; underwatersubmerge: sink; immerse; put under watersubmit: refer for judgment or consideration; hand in; presentsubordinate: occupying lower rank; inferior; submissivesubscribe: write underneath, as one's name; sign to a document; give consent to; promise to give, by writing one's name with the amountsubsequent: following in time or order; succeeding; latersubsequently: in a subsequent manner; at a later time; accordingly; thereforesubsidiary: subordinate; secondary; serving to assist or supplementsubstantial: fairly large; in essentials; material; true or real; not imaginary; solidly builtsubstantiate: establish by evidence; make firm or solid; supportsubstitute: exchange; put in the place of anothersubtle: slight; be difficult to detect or grasp by the mindsubtract: remove a part from the wholesubtraction: reduction; deduction; removing a part from the wholesuburb: outskirts; usually residential area or community outlying a citysuccession: act of succeeding, or following after; following of things in order of time or place, or a series of things so following; sequencesuccessive: consecutivesuccessor: one who or that which succeeds or follows; one who takes the place which another has leftsuck: draw liquid into mouth; take in; draw something by vacuumsuffice: be enough, or sufficient; meet the need; be equal to the end proposed; be adequate; satisfysufficient: adequate; enough; being as much as is neededsuit: meet the requirements of; fit; please; satisfysuitable: appropriate to a purpose or an occasionsuitcase: portable rectangular traveling bag for carrying clothessuite: apartment consisting of a series of connected rooms; a matching set of furnituresullen: lonely; solitary; desolate; gloomy; dismal; affected with ill humorsultry: burning hot; extremely and unpleasantly hotsum: mount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; principal points or thoughts when viewed together; amountsummary: brief statement that presents the main pointssummit: utmost height; highest point of a mountainsummon: call, bid, or cite; notify to come to appear; call upon to surrendersunburn: redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sunsunflower: plant having large flower heads with dark disk florets and showy yellow rayssunlight: rays of the sunsunrise: daily event of the sun rising above the horizonsunset: daily event of the sun sinking below the horizonsunshine: moderate weather; suitable for outdoor activities; the rays of the sunsuperb: of unusually high quality; excellent; wonderfulsuperficial: trivial; of little substance; involving a surface onlysuperintendent: director; person who has the authority to supervise or direct; janitor or custodian in a buildingsuperior: greater rank or station or quality; excellentsupersede: be placed in or take the room of; replace; make obsolete; make void or useless by superior powersupersonic: having, caused by, or relating to speed greater than the speed of soundsuperstition: excessive reverence for, or fear of, that which is unknown or mysterious; worship of a false god; false religionsupervise: administer; directsupervision: management by overseeing the performancesupervisor: director; overseer; one who is in charge of a particular unit, as in government or school systemsupplement: add as something seems insufficient; complement; extension; additionsupplementary: added to complete or make up a deficiencysuppose: imagine or admit to exist; assume to be true; believe; receive as truesuppress: put down by force or authority; overwhelm; keep from being revealedsupreme: most outstanding; highest; superiorsurcharge: an additional charge; charge an extra feesurface: exterior part of anything that has length and breadth; outside; outward or external appearancesurge: outburst; roll or be tossed about on waves, as a boatsurgeon: one who performs manual operations on a patientsurgery: medical treatment that involves cutting open a person's bodysurmise: guess; infer something without sufficiently conclusive evidencesurpass: be or go beyond, as in degree or quality; exceedsurplus: remainder; more than is needed; quantity much larger than is needed; remainingsurrender: hand over, give up, give something into another's controlsurvey: poll; detailed critical inspectionsurvival: existence; remaining alivesurvive: continue to live; endure or lastsurvivor: one who outlives another; one who lives through afflictionsuspect: have doubts about; distrustsuspend: hang freely; postpone; delaysuspense: uncertain cognitive state; uncertaintysuspicion: mistrust; act of suspecting something, especially something wrong, on little evidence or without proofsuspicious: openly distrustful and unwilling to confide; questionablesustain: admit as valid; keep in existence; lengthen or extend in duration or spaceswallow: take back what one has said ; enclose or envelop completelyswamp: low land that is seasonally flooded; low land region saturated with waterswarm: dense moving crowd; large group of honeybeessway: swing; move back and forth or sideways; win approval or support for; convinceswear: affirm or utter a solemn declaration; make promise or resolve on oathsweater: knitted garment covering the upper part of the bodysweep: movement in an arc; clean with a broom; wide scope; winning allswell: bulge; expand abnormally; increase in size; become filled with pride or angerswift: quick; moving or capable of moving with great speedswing: sway or move from one side to another; turn round by wind or tide; be hangedsyllable: a unit of spoken language larger than a phonemesymbol: sign; something visible to represent something else invisiblesymbolize: represent; signify; stand forsymmetry: arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruitysympathetic: expressing compassion or friendly fellow feelings; approving; having similar disposition and tastessympathize: be understanding of; feel or express sympathy or compassionsympathy: compassion; pity; concernsymphony: large orchestra; harmony, especially of sound or colorsymposium: collection of writings on a particular topic, as in a magazine; meeting or conference for discussion of a topic; drinking together; merry feastsymptom: sign; indication; any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patientsynonym: two words that can be interchanged in a contextsynthesis: combining parts into a coherent whole; putting of two or more things togethesynthetic: artificial; involving or of the nature of synthesis as opposed to analysissystem: organized structure for arranging or classifyingsystematic: ordered; methodical; carried on using step-by-step procedures
table: set resolution or proposal for future consideration; hold back to a later timetablet:  a small flat compressed cake of some substance; a dose of medicine tack: small, short, sharp-pointed nail, usually having a broad, flat headtackle: apparatus for raising or lowering heavy weights, consisting of a rope and pulley blocks; act of stopping an opposing player carrying the balltact: sense of touch; feeling; stroke in beating time; sensitive mental touch; peculiar skill or facultytactics: strategy; policy; plan for attaining a particular goaltag: attach; append; provide with a name or nickname; labeltailor: one whose occupation is making garments; create clothes with clothtalent: skill; gift; marked innate ability, as for artistic accomplishmenttally: record by making a mark; reckon or count; keep scoretame: domesticated; very restrained or quiet; make less strong or intense; softentan: yellowish-brown color; brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the suntangle: uniting or knitting together confusedly; knot of threads, or other thing, united confusedly, or so interwoven as not to be easily disengagedtap: draw upon; strike lightly; make good use oftape: long thin piece of cloth or paper; measuring instrument for length by narrow striptar: sailor or seaman; thick, black, viscous liquid obtained by the distillation of wood, coaltarget: reference point to shoot at; goal intended to be attainedtariff: tax on goods coming into a countrytask: labor or study imposed by another; undertake; labortaste: have experience or enjoyment; take a sample of; have flavortaxation: laying a tax, or imposing taxes, as on the subjects of a state, by authority; raising of revenueteam: a number of persons associated together in any work; a flock of wild ducksteapot: pot for brewing tea; usually has a spout and handletear: separate or be separated by force; divide or disrupt; fill with tears or shed tearstease: tear into pieces; raise the fibers oftechnical: having special skill or knowledge; according to principle; formal rather than practical; relating to techniquetechnician: one skilled particularly in the technical details of worktechnique: practical method or art applied to some particular task; skillfulnesstechnology: application of science, especially to industrial or commercial objectivestedious: tiresome by reason of length, slowness, or dullness; progressing very slowlytelegraph: apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wiretelescope: a magnifier of images of distant objectstelex: communications system consisting of teletypewriters connected to a telephonic network to send and receive signalstemper: moderate; tone down or restrain; bring to a desired consistency; adjust finelytemperature: degree of any quality; condition with respect to heat or cold; degree of heat or coldtemple: church; place of worship temporary: not permanent; not lastingtempt: give rise to a desire by being attractivetemptation: act of tempting, or enticing to evil; seductiontenant: occupant; one that pays rent to use land or buildingtend: make a tender of; be disposed or inclined; move or extend in a certain directiontendency: trend; a general direction in which something tends to movetender: offer formally; extend; propose a paymenttenor: general, usual, or prevailing course or direction; settled or prevailing or habitual course of a person's lifetense: stretch or force to the limit; tighttension: action of stretching something tight; anxiety; feelings of hostilitytentative: hesitant; not fully worked out or developed; experimental; not definite or positiveterm: limited period of time; point in time at which something ends; termination; deadlineterminal: causing or ending in or approaching death; stationterminate: stop; bring to an end or halttermination: end of something in time or space; result or outcome; conclusionterminology: vocabulary of technical terms used in a particular field, subject, science, or artterrace: row of houses built in a similar style; level shelf of land with steep slopesterribly: dreadfully; frightfully; to a great extent; very muchterrific: causing extreme terror; very great; extraordinarily goodterrify: frighten; fill with terrorterritory: large extent of land; organized portion of countryterror: extreme fear; violent dread; frighttestify: give testimony in a court of law; provide evidence fortestimony: solemn declaration or affirmation; something that serves as evidencetext: written words; book prepared for use in schools or collegestextile: cloth; fabrictheatrical: of or pertaining to theater, or to scenic representations; resembling manner of dramatic performers; histrionic; artificialtheft: act of taking something from someone unlawfully; stealingtheme: subject of conversation or discussion; topic; essaytheoretical: not practical or applied; hypothetical; of or based on theorytheory: doctrine or scheme of things; general or abstract principles of any sciencethereby: thus; accordingly; by that means; because of thattherefore: consequently; hencethermometer: instrument for measuring temperaturethesis: paper; dissertation; an unproved statement put forward as a premise in an argumentthigh: part of the leg between the hip and the kneethirst: sensation of dryness in the throatthorn: something that causes irritation; a sharp-pointed tip on a stem or leafthorough: accurate or careful; completethoughtful: considerate; having intellectual depth; giving close attentionthrash: beat severely; discuss or examine repeatedly; use a machine or flail to separate grain or seeds from straw thread: a very small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibrous substance; filament, as of a flower, or of any fibrous substancethreaten: pose a threat to; present a danger tothreshold: entrance; starting point for a new state or experiencethrifty: careful about money; economicalthrill: feel sudden intense sensation or emotion; tremble as from fear or excitementthrive: make steady progress; prosper; flourishthroat: part of neck in front of; passage to stomach and lungthrong: large group of people gathered or crowded closely togetherthroughout: in every part; in or through all parts; everywhere; during the entire time or extentthrust: push; force used in pushing ; activity or idea is the main or essential thing it expressesthumb: short, thick first digit of human handthunder: sound which follows flash of lightning; discharge of electricity; loud noisethunderstorm: storm resulting from strong rising air currents; heavy rain or hail along with thunder and lightningtick: emit recurring clicking sounds; do well or as designedtide: periodic rise and fall of the sea leveltidy: being in proper time; timely; arranged in good order; orderly; appropriate; neat; kept in propertighten: draw tighter; straiten; make closer in any manner.tile: flat thin rectangular slab used to cover surfaces; short length of pipe made of clay or concrete, used in sewers and drainstilt: slight but noticeable partiality; line or surface that departs from the verticaltimber: wood; lumber; trees or wooded land considered as a source of woodtimely: being or occurring in good time; sufficiently early; seasonabletimid: shy; craven; lacking self-confidence; shytip: piece or attachment; end of a pointed or projecting object; a V shape ; indication of potential opportunitytissue: groups of cells that make particular parts of the body; soft thin papertitle: right or claim to possession; mark of rank; name of a book or filmtoast: dry and brown by heat of fire; warm thoroughly; drink to the health or in honortoe: one of digits of the foot; forepart of a foot or hooftoil: exhausting labor or effort; any thread, web, or string spread for taking preytoken: something intended or supposed to represent or indicate another thing or an event; sign or symbol; memorial of friendshiptolerable: capable of being borne or endured; supportable, either physically or mentally.tolerance: capacity for or the practice of recognizing and respecting the beliefs or practices of others; capacity to endure hardship or paintolerant: showing respect for the rights of others; open-minded; showing capacity for endurancetolerate: endure; withstand; allow without prohibiting or opposing; permittoll: take away; vacate; annul; entice; allure; cause to sound, as a bell, with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated; call, summon, or notifytongue: organ situated in floor of mouth; speech; language; clapper of belltopic: subject of a speech, essay, thesis, discussion, or conversationtorch: large candle or lamp giving flaring flame; flashlighttorrent: rushing stream; flood; heavy downpourtorture: extreme pain; anguish of body or mindtoss: throw carelessly; throw to see which side comes up; move or stir about violentlytough: hard; difficult; feeling physical discomfort or pain; hard to beartourism: practice of traveling for pleasure; business of providing tours and services for touriststow: draw or pull behind by a chain or linetowel: rectangular cloth or paper for drying or wipingtower: building or part of a building that is exceptionally high in proportion to its width and length; tall, slender structure used for observation, signaling, or pumpingtrace: follow, discover; make a mark or lines on a surfacetrack: road or path affording passage; line or route along which something movestractor: a truck that has a cab but no bodytradition: thought or behavior followed from generation to generation; heritagetragedy: disaster; event resulting in great loss and misfortunetrail: path or track roughly through wild or hilly country; overland routetraitor: one who violates his allegiance and betrays his countrytramp: travel or wander through; cleanse clothes in watertrample: destroy; step ontranquil: free from disturbance; pacifictransaction: deal; communication involving two or more people that affects all those involvedtransfer: shifting; conveyance or removal of something from one place, person, or thing to anothertransform: change in outward structure or looks; converttransformation: change in form , appearance, nature, disposition, condition, or the liketransistor: small electronic device containing a semiconductor and having at least three electrical contactstransit: act of passing; passage through or over; line or route of passagetransition: going from one state of action to anothertransmission: act of transmitting; automotive assembly of gears; sending of a signaltransmit: forward; send from one person or place to anothertransparent: easily detected; permitting light to pass through freelytransplant: act of uprooting and moving a plant to a new locationtransport: carry from one place to another; carry away; deporttrap: catch; hold or catch as if in a holetraverse: go through or across, often under difficult conditionstray: an open receptacle for holding or displaying or serving articles or foodtread: step on; mate with; place the foottreason: disloyalty; betrayal of trust or confidencetreatment: handling; care that are intended to relieve illness or injurytreaty: act of treating for the adjustment of differences; negotiationtremble: shake involuntarily, as with fear, cold, or weakness; quake; quiver; shiver; shuddertremendous: huge; capable of making one tremble; terribletrench: canal; deep furrow or ditch; long, steep-sided valley on the ocean floortrend: popular taste; general direction in which something tends to movetrial: experiment; act of testing; examination of evidence to determine the charges or claimstribe: family, race, or series of generations, descending from the same direct ancestor, and kept distincttribute: payment in money made by one ruler or nation; tax; mark of respect; praiseworthy qualitytrick: cunning or deceitful activity; attempt to get others to do something foolishtrickle: flow in drops; run or flow slowly; driptrifle: a thing of very little value or importancetrigger: cause something happen; set offtrim: clip; cut down to the desired size or shapetriple: consisting of three united; multiplied by three; threefold; three times repeatedtriumph: victory; win; expressing great joytrivial: unimportant; of little significance or value; ordinary; commonplacetropic: one of the two small circles of the celestial sphere, situated on each side of the equator, and parallel to it, which the sun just reaches at its greatest declination north or south; region lying between these parallels of latitudetropical: relating to region on either side of the equator; hot and humidtroublesome: annoying; bothersometrumpet: brass musical instrument with brilliant tonetrunk: stem, or body, of a tree; main stem, without the branches; body of animal apart from the head and limbstub: a large open vessel for holding or storing liquidstube: hollow cylindrical shape; underground railwaytuck: make one or more folds in; store in a safe spot; put in a snug spottug: pull or draw with great effort; draw along with continued exertion; haul along; towtuition: teaching pupils individually; fee for instruction, especially at a formal institution of learningtumble: fall down, as if collapsingtumult: noise, as made by a crowd; riot or uprisingtunnel: passageway through or under something, usually undergroundturbulent: characterized by unrest or disorderturnover: act or result of turning over; upset; abrupt change; number of workers hired by an establishment to replace those who have left in a given period of timetutor: guide; give individual instructiontwig: small branch or division of a branchtwilight: light perceived before the rising, and after the setting, of the sun; faint light; dubious or uncertain medium through which anything is viewedtwinkle: open and shut the eye rapidly; blink; winktwist: turn in the opposite direction; form into a spiral shapetyphoon: tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific; violent whirlwindtypical: conforming to a type; representativetyranny: oppression; cruel government; office or authority of an absolute ruler; absolute powertyrant: absolute ruler; sovereign unrestrained by law or constitutiontyre:  tire; covering for a wheel, usually made of rubber reinforced with cords of nylon
ugly: offensive to the sight; contrary to beauty; disagreeable aspect; unsightlyultimate: final; being the last or concluding; fundamental; elemental; extremeultimately: as final consequence; at last; in the endultrasonic: supersonic; higher in frequency than the range of sound perceptible to the human earultraviolet: wave lengths shorter than light but longer than X raysunanimous: uniform; in complete agreementunbearable: unendurable; so unpleasant, distasteful, or painful as to be intolerableunconscious: lacking awareness; senseless; unawareuncover: remove the cover from; expose; discloseunderestimate: make too low an estimate of the quantity; undervalueundergo: experience; suffer; pass throughundergraduate: university student who has not yet received a first degreeunderground: under the level of the ground; buriedunderline: mark a line below, as words; underscore.underlying: lying under or beneath something; basic; implicit; taking precedence; priorundermine: weaken by wearing away base or foundation; injure or impair; dig a mine or tunnel beneathunderneath: under or below an object or a surface; lower down on the pageundertake: take on; embark on; assumeundertaking: task or assignment undertaken; careerundo: release; cause the ruin or downfall of; cancel or reverse an actionundoubtedly: unquestionably; without doubt; certainlyundue: not due; not yet owing; not just, proper, or legal; ; excessiveuneasy: not easy; difficult; restless; disturbed by pain, anxietyunfair: unjust; contrary to laws or conventions, especially in commerceunfold: extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length; happenunfortunately: unluckily; by bad luckuniform: consistent; standardized; clothing of a particular groupunique: without an equal; being the only one of its kindunity: cohesion; harmony; quality of being united into oneuniversal: affecting all; general; present everywhere; relating to the entire world or all within the world; worldwideuniverse: cosmos; everything that exists anywhereunlikely: improbable; has little chance of being the case or coming aboutunload: take something off a containerunprecedented: having no previous example; novel; unparalleledunsatisfactory: not giving satisfaction; inadequateunstable: inconstant; variable; lacking control of one's emotions; constantly changingunwarranted: having no justification; groundless; not guaranteed to be good, sound, or of a certain qualityuphold: support; preserve; hold aloft; raiseupright: in an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upwardupset: concerned by anxious uneasiness or trouble or griefurban: metropolitan; of, relating to, or located in a cityurge: force in an indicated direction; stimulate; exciteurgent: pressing; compelling immediate action or attentionutensil: instrument, implement, or container for practical use, especially in kitchen or laboratoryutility: something useful; public serviceutilization: state of having been made use of; the act of usingutilize: put into service; take advantage ofutmost: farthest point or extremity; most distant; extremeutter: speak; express; send forth with the voiceutterance: vocal expression; power of speaking; last or utmost extremityvacancy: absence; emptinessvacant: void of thought or knowledge; without an occupant or incumbentvacation: leisure time away from work; act of making something legally voidvaccinate: perform or produce immunityvacuum: empty area or space; electrical home appliance that cleans by suctionvague: imprecise; indistinct; not clearly expressed; inexplicitvain: having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfyingvalid: logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; well groundedvalidity: quality of having legal force or effectivenessvalley: space between ranges of mountains; area drained or irrigated by a river system; internal angle formed by intersectionvalve: device or structure for controlling the flow of a fluid vanish: disappear; pass out of sight, especially quickly; die outvanity: quality or state of being vain; emptiness; feelings of excessive pride; conceitvapor: gas; steam; barely visible or cloudy diffused matter, such as mist or smokevariable: factor; something that is likely to vary; changeable; inconstantvariance: an event that departs from expectations; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean valuevariant: varying in from, character, or the like; variable; different; diverse.variation: act of changing or alteringvaried: differed; diversified; variousvariety: diversity; quality or condition of being various or variedvarious: different; diverse; several; manifold; changeable; uncertainvarnish: deceptively attractive external appearance; paint to coat a surface with a hard, glossy, transparent filmvary: change aspect of; alter in form, appearance, substance, position; make different by a partial change; modifyvast: large; broad; extensive; very great in size, number, amount, or quantityvault: arched brick or stone ceiling or roof; burial chamber usually undergroundvegetable: any of numerous herbaceous plants to eat in mealvehicle: automobile; means of conveying; mediumveil: a length of cloth worn by women over the head, shoulders, and often the face; cover; hidevein: blood vessel that carries bloodvelocity: rapidity or speed of motion; swiftnessvengeance: punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an offense; retributionventilate: freshen; circulate through and freshenventilation: act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul airventure: put at risk; adventureverbal: expressed in spoken rather than written words; consisting of words alone without actionverge: extreme edge or margin; border; enclosing boundary; space enclosed by such a boundaryverify: confirm; prove the truth of by presentation of evidence or testimonyversatile: having many talents; capable of working in many fieldsverse: a piece of poetryversion: written work in a new form; edition; interpretation of a particular viewpointvertical: upright in position or posture; oriented verticallyvessel: craft; ship; container for liquidsveteran: someone who has given long serviceveto: rejection; vote that blocks a decision; deny; prohibit; command againstvex: annoy; disturb, especially by minor irritations; be a mystery or bewildering tovia: by the way ofvibrate: shake, quiver; move or swing from side to side regularlyvibration: act of vibrating; a shaky motion vice: moral fault or failing; evil, degrading, or immoral practice or habit; physical defect or weaknessvicinity: state of being near in space or relationship; proximityvicious: by vice or defects; defective; imperfect; having the nature of vice; evil, immoral, or depravedvictorious: successful; being the winner in a contest or strugglevictory: successful ending of struggle or contest; defeat of an enemy or opponentvigor: active strength of body or mind; imaginative lively style, especially style of writing; exertion of forcevigorous: robust; strong; energetic, and active in mind or bodyvine: weak-stemmed plant that derives support from climbingviolate: treat in a violent manner; abuse; do violence to; disturb; interruptviolence: physical force exerted for the purpose of violating, damaging, or abusingviolent: turbulent; intensely vivid or loud; by violence or bloodshedviolin: small instrument with four strings, played with a bow; a fiddlevirtual: existing or resulting in essence or effect though not in actual fact; existing in mind, especially as a product of imaginationvirtually: almost completely; practically; essentiallyvirtue: goodness, moral excellence; good qualityvirus: disease communicator; something that poisons one's soul or mind; program for unwanted actions in computerviscous: sticky; gluey; having high resistance to flowvisible: being often in public eye; obvious to the eye vision: ability to see; sight; vivid mental imagevisual: seen or able to be seen by the eye; visible; opticalvital: full of life; animated; necessary to continued existence; living or breathingvivid: bright; lively; graphic; having striking colorvocation: career; professionvogue: popular fashion; current state or style of general acceptance and usevoid: emptiness; containing nothing; clear or empty a placevolcano: fissure in the earth's crust through which molten lava and gases eruptvolley: flight of missiles; round of gunshots; tennis return made by hitting the ball before it bouncesvoltage: difference in electrical charge between two pointsvolume: capacity; amount of space occupied by an objectvoluntary: done or undertaken of one's own free will; unforcedvolunteer: person who performs or offers to perform a service voluntarilyvote: formal expression of preference for a candidate; number of cast in election; result of election or referendumvoter: a citizen who has a legal right to votevoucher: a piece of substantiating evidence; proof; written authorization or certificatevow: solemn promise made to God; promise of fidelity; pledge of love or affectionvowel: speech sound made with the vocal tract openvoyage: long journey to a foreign or distant place, especially by sea; aviationvulgar: common; low; coarse; belonging or relating to the common people, as distinguished from the cultivated or educated; lacking cultivation or refinementvulnerable: susceptible to wounds; capable of being wounded or hurtwade: paddle; walk through relatively shallow waterwag: move one way and the other with quick turns; shake to and fro; move in vibrating; cause to vibratewage: hazard on the event of a contest; stake; engage in, as a contest; adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; hire; employwagon: any of various kinds of wheeled vehicles drawn by a horse or tractorwaist: narrowing of the body between the ribs and hipswaive: give up temporarily; yield; give up voluntarily; deferwake: trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone beforewalnut: tree with 10 - 40 meters tall; hard, dark brown wood of any of these treeswander: move about without a definite destination or purpose; range about; stroll; go away; departward: guard; defender; protector; state under guard; division of a county; division of a hospitalwardrobe: tall cabinet, closet, or small room built to hold clothesware: articles of merchandise; style or class of manufactures; especially, in the plural, goods; commodities; merchandisewarehouse: depot; storehouse for goods and merchandisewarfare: military service; military life; contest carried on by enemieswarrant: guarantee; assurance by seller; authorization or certificationwarrior: fighter; combatant; one who is engaged in or experienced in battlewaterproof: tight; unaffected by water; made of or covered with material that doesn't allow water inwaver: play or move to and fro; move one way and the other; swing; be unsettled in opinionwax: increase gradually in size, number, strength, or intensity; show a progressively larger illuminated areaweapon: armsweary: tired; exhausted; physically or mentally fatiguedweather: endure the effects of weather or other forces; come through safely; surviveweave: pattern or structure by weaving ; knit; interlaceweaver: craftsman who weaves clothweb: textile fabric; complex, interconnected structure or arrangement; the World Wide Web; radio or television networkwedding: marriage ceremony; act of marrying; anniversary of a marriagewedge: a piece of metal, or other hard material, thick at one end, and tapering to a thin edge at the other, used in splitting wood, rocksweed: undesirable or troublesome plant, especially growing where it is not wanted as in a garden.weld: unite closely or intimately; join together by heatingwelfare: benefit; something that aids health or happinesswhereas: considering that; it being the case that; sincewhereby: by which; by what; howwhilst: whilewhip: overlay with other cords going round and round it; take or move by a sudden motion; clean completelywhirl: act of rotating or revolving rapidly; state of confusion; tumultwhisper: speaking in a quiet voice; soft speech produced without full voice; secretly expressed belief, rumor, or hintwhistle: make a kind of musical sound by lips; emit a similar sound from mouth as birdswholesale: selling or related to selling goods in large quantities; large-scale; on a large scale without careful discriminationwholesaler: someone who buys large quantities of goods and resells to merchantswholesome: conducive to sound health or well-being; beneficialwicked: evil in principle or practice; contrary to moral or divine law; addicted to vice or sinwidespread: spread or scattered over a considerable extent; occurring or accepted widelywidth: extent of something from side to sidewield: handle (a weapon or tool, for example) with skill and ease. exercise effectively; handle; have power over; rule; managewilderness: a tract of land, or a region, uncultivated and uninhabited by human beings, whether a forest or a wide, barren plain; wild or desertwillow: trees having usually narrow leaveswinding: twisting or turning; spiralwisdom: quality of being wise; knowledge ; results of wise judgmentswit: intellect; mental ability; natural ability to perceive and understandwithdraw: remove from; pull back; break from gathering; retreat; departwithdrawal: secession; retreat or retirementwither: shrivel; decay; lose freshness, vigor, or vitality; loss of moisturewithhold: refuse to give; refrain from giving, granting, or permitting; deduct from employee's salarywithstand: stand up against; successfully resist; oppose with force or resolutionwitness: someone who sees an event and reports what happened; observe; watchwoe: deep, inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; deep distress or misery, as from griefwoods: small forest; woodland; dense collection of trees covering a relatively small areawool: dense, soft, often curly hair forming the coat of sheep and certain other mammalswording: act or style of expressing in words; expression, or power of expressionworldwide: global; universal; throughout the worldworst: be better than; defeat; gain the advantage overworthwhile: sufficiently valuablewrap: enclose; arrange or fold as a cover or protectionwrath: forceful, often vindictive anger; fury; just punishment of an offense or crimewreck: destruction; destroy; smash or break forcefullywrench: twist or turn suddenly and forcibly; move, extract, or force free by pulling violentlywrestle: contend by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down an opponent; struggle or strive earnestlywretched: very miserable; sunk in, or accompanied by deep affliction or distress; calamitous; woeful; worthlesswring: twist; squeeze; compress, especially so as to extract liquidwrinkle: a minor difficulty; a slight depression in the smoothness of a surfacewrist: joint between the hand and the forearmyacht: light ship used for private pleasure tripsyard: rod; stick; branch; long piece of timber; measure of length, equaling three feetyawn: open the mouth wide with a deep inhalation, usually involuntarily from drowsiness, fatigue, or boredomyearn: pain; grieve; vex; be pained or distressed; feel deep pity, sympathy, or tendernessyeast: foam, or troth (top yeast), or the sediment (bottom yeast), of beer or other in fermentationyield: give in; surrender; give forth a natural product; be productiveyoke: join together, unite; harness a draft animal to; join securely; force into heavy laboryolk: nutritive material; greasy substance found in unprocessed sheep's wool; yellow part of an eggzeal: intense interest; eagerness to accomplish some objectzealous: enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zealzone: region; portion of the surface of a sphere;zoology: part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom