Globalization!! Яцунов Лев.
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Globalization refers to the interaction of one economy with all other economies in the world. This interaction can be associated with financial transactions, trade, politics, education, production, etc. Globalization gained momentum with the invention of more and more new technologies in the world of transport and communications. Thus, it can be seen that although globalization dates back to the ancient times of historians, it actually began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Globalization has many benefits.
First, globalization allows countries to do what they do best. If, for example, you buy cheap steel from another country, you do not need to produce steel yourself. You can focus on computers or other things.
Secondly, globalization gives you a larger market. You can sell more goods and make more money. Thirdly, you can create more jobs. Finally, consumers benefit from globalization. The products get cheaper and you can get new products faster.
However, globalization also has negative sides. This causes unemployment in industrialized countries because firms are moving their factories to places where they can get cheaper workers.
Globalization can also lead to even greater environmental problems. A company may want to build factories in other countries because environmental laws are not as strict as at home. Finally, human, animal and plant diseases can spread faster.
As a result of globalization, Russia has received a number of advantages, including:
1. High rates of economic growth, positively affecting the general welfare;
2. Growth of incomes of the population, improvement of the quality of life and, as a consequence, an increase in average life expectancy, overcoming the demographic decline;
3. The appearance on the domestic markets of a wide range of products;
4. Technological exchange.
But globalization in Russia has no less negative manifestations, most of which are associated with:
1. Low competitiveness of domestic producers (compared to international ones);
2. Migration of cheap low-skilled labor;
3. "Brain drain" to more developed countries with better working and living conditions. through globalization.
In conclusion, I would like to say that globalization has both positive and negative consequences for the world. To find the right balance between the two, all countries need to understand how globalization works and try to capitalize on it.