From the history of New York

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From the history of New York
The first European explorer who saw Manhattan Island was Giovanni da Verrazano, an Italian merchant who was in the service of the French king, Francis I. The date was April, 1524. Today a bridge which carries his name (который носит его имя), the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, is one of the city’s most impressive sights. It is the longest suspension (подвесной) bridge in the world.
Other Europeans followed Verrazano, most notable (известный) Henry Hudson, an Englishman employed by the Dutch East India Company. The mighty (могучая) Hudson River is named after the navigator (штурмана) who set foot on these shores (на эти берега) in 1609.
Even in the days when America as known as the New World, it was a country with a reputation for its spirit of enterprise (предприятия) and the ability of its people to make a good deal (совершить хорошую сделку). In626 the Dutch Trade Company bought Manhattan Island from the local Indians (местное население) for twenty four dollars. It was probably the most spectacular (впечатляющая) business deal of all times. (Today, $24 would not buy one square foot of office space in New York)
Here the Dutch founded (основали) their colony and gave it the name New Amsterdam. Forty years later the English fleet (флот) under the Duke of York (под командованием) entered the harbor (гавань), captured the city without firing a shot (без единого выстрела) and renamed it New York.
During the War if Independence it was the scene of heavy fighting. The English held it until the end of the war in 1783 when it became the first capital of republic – the United States of America. On April 30, 1789 George Washington, the first president of the US, stood on a balcony there and swore a solemn oath (поклялся священной клятвой) to “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
The city grew very quickly. Today’s New York is the greatest contrast possible to the island settled by Dutch (остров, выкупленный голландцами) in 1624. In 1811 a “city plan” (план города) under which straight lines cut through the woods and fields of Manhattan (прямые линии прорезались сквозь леса и поля Манхеттена), flattering its hills, burying under the surface its countless little rivers. In a sense (в некотором смысле), New York is now one of the least historic (наименее исторический) cities of the world. Practically nothing has remained of Dutch New Amsterdam.