Афанасьева Лексичееские тесты 10-11

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Употребление слов ( Афанасьева О.В. стр. 187)
Задание 10 Выберите одно из слов в скобках, чтобы получить логически завершенное предложение. После выполнения задания заполните таблицу, как показано в примере.
lay, lie, lie
Have you ( laid, lain ) the table yet?
A broad green valley ( lay, laid ) below the high mountains.
If it rains, the grounds crew will ( lay, lie ) a huge covering over the baseball field.
Roy ( lay, laid ) his head against my shoulder and fell asleep.
A hundred miles of new railway track have been ( laid, lied ).
I ( lay, laid ) awake worrying about work.
He had to ( lie, lay ) about his age to get into the army.
Emma was ( laying, lying ) on her back in the sunshine.
The farm ( lay, laid ) a few miles to the north.
The tired dog ( lay, laid ) down to rest.
(Lay, Lie ) the plates on the table.
My little puppy usually ( lies, lays ) under the porch.
( Lay, Lie ) the box down carefully )
The cat ( laid, lay ) under the arm-chair.
The nurses ( laid, lain ) the injured boy gently on the coach.
All the boxes are ( laying, lying ) in the straight line.
The dog ( laid, lay ) in the shade.
The village ( lays, lies ) in a beautiful valley.
The workers ( laid, lay ) the foundation last Tuesday.
( Lay, Lie ) the baby on her back.
There were clothes ( laying, lying ) all over the floor.
laid
1 ……………………………………… 11. ……………………………………….
2. ……………………………………… 12. ……………………………………….
3. ……………………………………… 13. ……………………………………….
4. ……………………………………… 14. ……………………………………….
5. ………………………………………. 15. ……………………………………….
6. ………………………………………. 16. ……………………………………….
7. ……………………………………….. 17. ………………………………………..
8. ……………………………………….. 18. ……………………………………….
9. ………………………………………. 19. ……………………………………….
10. ……………………………………… 20. …………………………………………
lay - laid – laid – laying
класть, положить She laid her hand on my shoulder.
lay a carpet – стлать ковёр
lay a child to sleep – уложить ребёнка спать
lay eggs – нести яйца
lay a foundation – закладывать, заложить фундамент
lay the table – накрыть на стол
the scene is laid ( in) – действие происходит
После этого глагола обычно используется существительное или местоимениев функции прямого дополнения, т.е. lay – глагол переходный
lie – lay – lain – lying
1. лежать, полежать She lay on the grass all morning.
2. находиться, быть расположенным London lies on the Thames.
lie – lied – lied - lying
лгать, солгать He lied to me.
Употребление слов ( Афанасьева О.В. стр. 188)
Задание 11 Выберите одно из слов в скобках, чтобы получить логически завершенное предложение. После выполнения задания заполните таблицу, как показано в примере.
learn – study
When you ( learn, study ) you gain knowledge or skills through experience or as a result of practising.
Little Liz is a bright girl who is already ( learning, studying ) the alphabet.
I have ( learned, studied ) various maps of the area.
Janet is ( learning, studying ) for a degree in history.
What did you (learn, study ) from the newspapers?
It didn’t take her long to ( learn, study ) her lines by heart.
I ( learnt, studied ) to ride a horse when I was ten.
Mike is ( learning, studying ) medicine at college because he wants to be a doctor.
They will ( learn, study ) the effect of technology on jobs.
He speaks French a bit but he wants to ( learn, study ) the theory of the language.
Children mainly ( learn, study ) by copying adults.
Little Paul is ( learning, studying ) to swim.
He was a violinist who ( learned, studied ) under David Oystrach.
You must ( learn, study ) this poem.
It’s really difficult to ( learn, study ) when the weather is so hot.
When she was at school she hated ( learning, studying ) Shakespeare by heart.
My brother is ( learning, studying ) for his diploma now.
Your homework is to ( learn, study ) the periodic table.
Ken ( studied, learned ) hard to become a student of Hull University.
You have to ( learn, study ) to be more patient.
How long have you been ( learning, studying ) Trigonometry?
learn
1 ……………………………………… 11. ……………………………………….
2. ……………………………………… 12. ……………………………………….
3. ……………………………………… 13. ……………………………………….
4. ……………………………………… 14. ……………………………………….
5. ………………………………………. 15. ……………………………………….
6. ………………………………………. 16. ……………………………………….
7. ……………………………………….. 17. ………………………………………..
8. ……………………………………….. 18. ……………………………………….
9. ………………………………………. 19. ……………………………………….
10. ……………………………………… 20. …………………………………………
learn - 1) учиться, приобретать практические навыки, знать, как что-то делать
I’m learning to be a painter.
You should really learn to drive.
2) узнать что-то
We learned the facts much later.
He learnt of her arrival from the newspapers.
to learn by heart –
to learn English – учить английский, скорее приобретая навыки практического владения языком, нежели теоретттические знания
study – 1) учить, изучать (как правило, посещая занятия и получая информацию из книг, а также занимаясь исследовательской работой)
John studies law.
In Britain less than 10% of girls choose to study science at school.
I need to study very hard because I missed a lot of classes.
to study hard – усердно учиться (заниматься)
2) тщательно рассматривать, изучать
He studied her face for a minute or so.